Bleeding within the SKULL, including hemorrhages in the brain and the three membranes of MENINGES. The escape of blood often leads to the formation of HEMATOMA in the cranial epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid spaces.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
Bleeding within the SKULL induced by penetrating and nonpenetrating traumatic injuries, including hemorrhages into the tissues of CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM; as well as into the epidural, subdural and subarachnoid spaces of the MENINGES.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
Fibrinolysin or agents that convert plasminogen to FIBRINOLYSIN.
A proteolytic enzyme in the serine protease family found in many tissues which converts PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. It has fibrin-binding activity and is immunologically different from UROKINASE-TYPE PLASMINOGEN ACTIVATOR. The primary sequence, composed of 527 amino acids, is identical in both the naturally occurring and synthetic proteases.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE between the DURA MATER and the arachnoidal layer of the MENINGES. This condition primarily occurs over the surface of a CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE, but may develop in the spinal canal (HEMATOMA, SUBDURAL, SPINAL). Subdural hematoma can be classified as the acute or the chronic form, with immediate or delayed symptom onset, respectively. Symptoms may include loss of consciousness, severe HEADACHE, and deteriorating mental status.
Use of infusions of FIBRINOLYTIC AGENTS to destroy or dissolve thrombi in blood vessels or bypass grafts.
Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Bleeding from the vessels of the retina.
Agents that prevent clotting.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Localized reduction of blood flow to brain tissue due to arterial obstruction or systemic hypoperfusion. This frequently occurs in conjunction with brain hypoxia (HYPOXIA, BRAIN). Prolonged ischemia is associated with BRAIN INFARCTION.
System established by the World Health Organization and the International Committee on Thrombosis and Hemostasis for monitoring and reporting blood coagulation tests. Under this system, results are standardized using the International Sensitivity Index for the particular test reagent/instrument combination used.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
Excess blood loss from uterine bleeding associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR or CHILDBIRTH. It is defined as blood loss greater than 500 ml or of the amount that adversely affects the maternal physiology, such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEMATOCRIT. Postpartum hemorrhage is divided into two categories, immediate (within first 24 hours after birth) or delayed (after 24 hours postpartum).
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES due to TRAUMA. Hemorrhage may involve any part of the CEREBRAL CORTEX and the BASAL GANGLIA. Depending on the severity of bleeding, clinical features may include SEIZURES; APHASIA; VISION DISORDERS; MOVEMENT DISORDERS; PARALYSIS; and COMA.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Inflammation of blood vessels within the central nervous system. Primary vasculitis is usually caused by autoimmune or idiopathic factors, while secondary vasculitis is caused by existing disease process. Clinical manifestations are highly variable but include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; behavioral alterations; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; and BRAIN INFARCTION. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp856-61)
Bleeding in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.
Bleeding within the SKULL that is caused by systemic HYPERTENSION, usually in association with INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOSCLEROSIS. Hypertensive hemorrhages are most frequent in the BASAL GANGLIA; CEREBELLUM; PONS; and THALAMUS; but may also involve the CEREBRAL CORTEX, subcortical white matter, and other brain structures.
Hemorrhage into the VITREOUS BODY.
Excessive accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the cranium which may be associated with dilation of cerebral ventricles, INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; HEADACHE; lethargy; URINARY INCONTINENCE; and ATAXIA.
Intraocular hemorrhage from the vessels of various tissues of the eye.
A scale that assesses the response to stimuli in patients with craniocerebral injuries. The parameters are eye opening, motor response, and verbal response.
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
Use of reflected ultrasound in the diagnosis of intracranial pathologic processes.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material which has been transported from a distant vessel by the bloodstream. Removal of a clot at its original site is called THROMBECTOMY.
Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Accumulation of blood in the SUBDURAL SPACE over the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE.
A condition characterized by long-standing brain dysfunction or damage, usually of three months duration or longer. Potential etiologies include BRAIN INFARCTION; certain NEURODEGENERATIVE DISORDERS; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ANOXIA, BRAIN; ENCEPHALITIS; certain NEUROTOXICITY SYNDROMES; metabolic disorders (see BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC); and other conditions.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
The transfer of blood platelets from a donor to a recipient or reinfusion to the donor.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A condition in newborns caused by immunity of the mother to PLATELET ALLOANTIGENS on the fetal platelets. The PLATELETS, coated with maternal ANTIBODIES, are destroyed and removed by the fetal MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. Affected infants may have INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in a blood vessel within the SKULL. Intracranial thrombosis can lead to thrombotic occlusions and BRAIN INFARCTION. The majority of the thrombotic occlusions are associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Assessment of sensory and motor responses and reflexes that is used to determine impairment of the nervous system.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Surgical instrument designed to extract the newborn by the head from the maternal passages without injury to it or the mother.
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.
Organic mental disorders in which there is impairment of the ability to maintain awareness of self and environment and to respond to environmental stimuli. Dysfunction of the cerebral hemispheres or brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION may result in this condition.
Human alloantigens expressed only on platelets, specifically on platelet membrane glycoproteins. These platelet-specific antigens are immunogenic and can result in pathological reactions to transfusion therapy.
Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.
Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN K in the diet, characterized by an increased tendency to hemorrhage (HEMORRHAGIC DISORDERS). Such bleeding episodes may be particularly severe in newborn infants. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1182)
Bleeding within the subcortical regions of cerebral hemispheres (BASAL GANGLIA). It is often associated with HYPERTENSION or ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS. Clinical manifestations may include HEADACHE; DYSKINESIAS; and HEMIPARESIS.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.
Constriction of arteries in the SKULL due to sudden, sharp, and often persistent smooth muscle contraction in blood vessels. Intracranial vasospasm results in reduced vessel lumen caliber, restricted blood flow to the brain, and BRAIN ISCHEMIA that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HYPOXIA-ISCHEMIA, BRAIN).
Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).
Agents that cause clotting.
Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Congenital, inherited, or acquired abnormalities involving ARTERIES; VEINS; or venous sinuses in the BRAIN; SPINAL CORD; and MENINGES.
Abnormal increase in skeletal or smooth muscle tone. Skeletal muscle hypertonicity may be associated with PYRAMIDAL TRACT lesions or BASAL GANGLIA DISEASES.
Unequal pupil size, which may represent a benign physiologic variant or a manifestation of disease. Pathologic anisocoria reflects an abnormality in the musculature of the iris (IRIS DISEASES) or in the parasympathetic or sympathetic pathways that innervate the pupil. Physiologic anisocoria refers to an asymmetry of pupil diameter, usually less than 2mm, that is not associated with disease.
A sympathomimetic that acts mainly by causing release of NOREPINEPHRINE but also has direct agonist activity at some adrenergic receptors. It is most commonly used as a nasal vasoconstrictor and an appetite depressant.
Agents that prevent fibrinolysis or lysis of a blood clot or thrombus. Several endogenous antiplasmins are known. The drugs are used to control massive hemorrhage and in other coagulation disorders.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Removal of the fetus from the uterus or vagina at or near the end of pregnancy with a metal traction cup that is attached to the fetus' head. Negative pressure is applied and traction is made on a chain passed through the suction tube. (From Stedman, 26th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
Formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the CRANIAL SINUSES, large endothelium-lined venous channels situated within the SKULL. Intracranial sinuses, also called cranial venous sinuses, include the superior sagittal, cavernous, lateral, petrous sinuses, and many others. Cranial sinus thrombosis can lead to severe HEADACHE; SEIZURE; and other neurological defects.
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material from a blood vessel at the point of its formation. Removal of a clot arising from a distant site is called EMBOLECTOMY.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A highly acidic mucopolysaccharide formed of equal parts of sulfated D-glucosamine and D-glucuronic acid with sulfaminic bridges. The molecular weight ranges from six to twenty thousand. Heparin occurs in and is obtained from liver, lung, mast cells, etc., of vertebrates. Its function is unknown, but it is used to prevent blood clotting in vivo and vitro, in the form of many different salts.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
Streptococcal fibrinolysin . An enzyme produced by hemolytic streptococci. It hydrolyzes amide linkages and serves as an activator of plasminogen. It is used in thrombolytic therapy and is used also in mixtures with streptodornase (STREPTODORNASE AND STREPTOKINASE). EC 3.4.-.
Abnormal formation of blood vessels that shunt arterial blood directly into veins without passing through the CAPILLARIES. They usually are crooked, dilated, and with thick vessel walls. A common type is the congenital arteriovenous fistula. The lack of blood flow and oxygen in the capillaries can lead to tissue damage in the affected areas.
Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.
Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
An amino acid formed in vivo by the degradation of dihydrouracil and carnosine. Since neuronal uptake and neuronal receptor sensitivity to beta-alanine have been demonstrated, the compound may be a false transmitter replacing GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID. A rare genetic disorder, hyper-beta-alaninemia, has been reported.
Regional infusion of drugs via an arterial catheter. Often a pump is used to impel the drug through the catheter. Used in therapy of cancer, upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, infection, and peripheral vascular disease.
The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.
Veins draining the cerebrum.
A disorder characterized by procoagulant substances entering the general circulation causing a systemic thrombotic process. The activation of the clotting mechanism may arise from any of a number of disorders. A majority of the patients manifest skin lesions, sometimes leading to PURPURA FULMINANS.
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
Hemorrhage from the vessels of the choroid.
A noninflammatory, progressive occlusion of the intracranial CAROTID ARTERIES and the formation of netlike collateral arteries arising from the CIRCLE OF WILLIS. Cerebral angiogram shows the puff-of-smoke (moyamoya) collaterals at the base of the brain. It is characterized by endothelial HYPERPLASIA and FIBROSIS with thickening of arterial walls. This disease primarily affects children but can also occur in adults.
Bleeding from a PEPTIC ULCER that can be located in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
The long-term (minutes to hours) administration of a fluid into the vein through venipuncture, either by letting the fluid flow by gravity or by pumping it.
Artery formed by the bifurcation of the BASILAR ARTERY. Branches of the posterior cerebral artery supply portions of the OCCIPITAL LOBE; PARIETAL LOBE; inferior temporal gyrus, brainstem, and CHOROID PLEXUS.
Obstruction of a blood vessel (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.
An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Embolism or thrombosis involving blood vessels which supply intracranial structures. Emboli may originate from extracranial or intracranial sources. Thrombosis may occur in arterial or venous structures.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.
Neoplasms of the intracranial components of the central nervous system, including the cerebral hemispheres, basal ganglia, hypothalamus, thalamus, brain stem, and cerebellum. Brain neoplasms are subdivided into primary (originating from brain tissue) and secondary (i.e., metastatic) forms. Primary neoplasms are subdivided into benign and malignant forms. In general, brain tumors may also be classified by age of onset, histologic type, or presenting location in the brain.
The largest of the cerebral arteries. It trifurcates into temporal, frontal, and parietal branches supplying blood to most of the parenchyma of these lobes in the CEREBRAL CORTEX. These are the areas involved in motor, sensory, and speech activities.
NECROSIS occurring in the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY distribution system which brings blood to the entire lateral aspects of each CEREBRAL HEMISPHERE. Clinical signs include impaired cognition; APHASIA; AGRAPHIA; weak and numbness in the face and arms, contralaterally or bilaterally depending on the infarction.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Intracranial bleeding into the PUTAMEN, a BASAL GANGLIA nucleus. This is associated with HYPERTENSION and lipohyalinosis of small blood vessels in the putamen. Clinical manifestations vary with the size of hemorrhage, but include HEMIPARESIS; HEADACHE; and alterations of consciousness.
Pathologic conditions affecting the BRAIN, which is composed of the intracranial components of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. This includes (but is not limited to) the CEREBRAL CORTEX; intracranial white matter; BASAL GANGLIA; THALAMUS; HYPOTHALAMUS; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.
Procedures to cause the disintegration of THROMBI by physical interventions.
Delivery of drugs into an artery.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
Hemorrhagic and thrombotic disorders that occur as a consequence of abnormalities in blood coagulation due to a variety of factors such as COAGULATION PROTEIN DISORDERS; BLOOD PLATELET DISORDERS; BLOOD PROTEIN DISORDERS or nutritional conditions.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
The number of PLATELETS per unit volume in a sample of venous BLOOD.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
Hemorrhage within the orbital cavity, posterior to the eyeball.
Non-optimal interval of time between onset of symptoms, identification, and initiation of treatment.
Activated form of factor VII. Factor VIIa activates factor X in the extrinsic pathway of blood coagulation.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
The classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII. It is an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.
Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)
Localized or diffuse reduction in blood flow through the vertebrobasilar arterial system, which supplies the BRAIN STEM; CEREBELLUM; OCCIPITAL LOBE; medial TEMPORAL LOBE; and THALAMUS. Characteristic clinical features include SYNCOPE; lightheadedness; visual disturbances; and VERTIGO. BRAIN STEM INFARCTIONS or other BRAIN INFARCTION may be associated.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, that are involved in the blood coagulation process.
The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)
A non-invasive technique using ultrasound for the measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics, particularly cerebral blood flow velocity and cerebral collateral flow. With a high-intensity, low-frequency pulse probe, the intracranial arteries may be studied transtemporally, transorbitally, or from below the foramen magnum.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Immunoglobulin preparations used in intravenous infusion, containing primarily IMMUNOGLOBULIN G. They are used to treat a variety of diseases associated with decreased or abnormal immunoglobulin levels including pediatric AIDS; primary HYPERGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA; SCID; CYTOMEGALOVIRUS infections in transplant recipients, LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC; Kawasaki syndrome, infection in neonates, and IDIOPATHIC THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA.
A heterogeneous group of proteolytic enzymes that convert PLASMINOGEN to FIBRINOLYSIN. They are concentrated in the lysosomes of most cells and in the vascular endothelium, particularly in the vessels of the microcirculation.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Works about controlled studies which are planned and carried out by several cooperating institutions to assess certain variables and outcomes in specific patient populations, for example, a multicenter study of congenital anomalies in children.
Postmortem examination of the body.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Blocking of a blood vessel by an embolus which can be a blood clot or other undissolved material in the blood stream.
Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
Tear or break of an organ, vessel or other soft part of the body, occurring in the absence of external force.
Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.

Detection of intracranial hemorrhage with susceptibility-weighted MR sequences. (1/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Detection of hemorrhage is important in the diagnosis and management of a variety of intracranial diseases. We evaluated the sensitivity of the following sequences for depicting chronic hemorrhagic foci associated with susceptibility dephasing: gradient-recalled echo (GRE) imaging, GRE-type single-shot echo-planar imaging (GRE-EPI), spin-echo-type single-shot echo-planar imaging (SE-EPI), turbo spin-echo (TSE) imaging, half-Fourier single-shot turbo spin-echo (HASTE) imaging, and segmented HASTE (s-HASTE) imaging. To our knowledge, no previous comparison has been made with these techniques in the same patient. METHODS: Fifty patients with suspected chronic hemorrhage were examined prospectively with the above six sequences. Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), sensitivity to detection of lesions, conspicuity of internal architecture, and sensitivity to small hemorrhagic foci were evaluated. RESULTS: Hemorrhagic foci were found in 35 patients. The CNR of the GRE, GRE-EPI, SE-EPI, TSE, s-HASTE, and HASTE sequences was 30.9, 23.7, 3.6, 6.1, -29.3, and -13.1, respectively; the number of small hemorrhagic foci detected was 85, 96, 44, 22, two, and one, respectively, for the supratentorial white matter; 70, 40, 19, four, zero, and zero, respectively, for the supratentorial cortical/subcortical region; and 73, 50, 26, 37, zero, and zero, respectively, for the infratentorial/skull-base region. CONCLUSION: The GRE sequence was best for detecting susceptibility dephasing associated with chronic intracranial hemorrhage. GRE-EPI, while comparable to GRE in the supratentorial compartment, was reduced in its sensitivity near the skull base, and may be used as an alternative to GRE in uncooperative, unsedated, pediatric, or claustrophobic patients. SE-EPI should not be used in screening for intracranial hemorrhage.  (+info)

Comparison of transcranial color-coded duplex sonography and cranial CT measurements for determining third ventricle midline shift in space-occupying stroke. (2/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transcranial color-coded duplex sonography (TCCS) allows the noninvasive, easily reproducible measurement of midline dislocation (MLD) of the third ventricle in space-occupying stroke, even in critically ill patients. However, the method has been validated only in a small number of subjects. The aim of this study was to test the method under clinical conditions. METHODS: In 61 prospectively recruited patients (mean age, 62+/-15 years) with supratentorial ischemic infarction or intracranial hemorrhage, the sonographic measurement of MLD was compared with cranial CT data in a 12-hour time window. Subgroup analysis was also undertaken for comparing TCCS and cranial CT measurements within a 3-hour time window. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-two data pairs of TCCS and cranial CT MLD measurements were correlated within the 12-hour time window. TCCS and cranial CT measurements of MLD correlated both in the total patient group and in the different subgroups with coefficients of over 0.9. The 2-SD confidence interval of the difference between the TCCS measurements and the respective means of both methods in the total patient collective was +/-1.78 mm. CONCLUSION: TCCS provides a noninvasive, easily reproducible and reliable method for monitoring MLD of the third ventricle in stroke patients. It is particularly suitable for critically ill patients who are not fit for transportation.  (+info)

Predictors of clinical improvement, angiographic recanalization, and intracranial hemorrhage after intra-arterial thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke. (3/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate predictors of clinical outcome, angiographic success, and adverse effects after intra-arterial administration of urokinase for acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We designed a Brain Attack program at University Hospitals of Cleveland for diagnosis and treatment of patients presenting within 6 hours of onset of neurological deficit. Patients with ischemia referable to the carotid circulation were treated with intra-arterial urokinase. Angiographic recanalization was assessed at the end of medication infusion. Intracerebral hemorrhage was investigated immediately after and 24 hours after treatment. Stroke severity was determined, followed by long-term outcome. RESULTS: Fifty-four patients were treated. There was improvement of >/=4 points on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale from presentation to 24 hours after onset in 43% of the treated patients, and this was related to the severity of the initial deficit. Forty-eight percent of patients had a Barthel Index score of 95 to 100 at 90 days, and total mortality was 24%. Cranial CT scans revealed intracerebral hemorrhage in 17% of patients in the first 24 hours, and these patients had more severe deficits at presentation. Eighty-seven percent of patients received intravenous heparin after thrombolysis, and 9% of them developed a hemorrhage into infarction. Angiographic recanalization was the rule in complete occlusions of the horizontal portion of the middle cerebral artery, but distal carotid occlusions responded less well to thrombolysis. CONCLUSIONS: The intra-arterial route for thrombolysis allows for greater diagnostic precision and achievement of a higher concentration of the thrombolytic agent in the vicinity of the clot. Disadvantages of this therapy lie in the cost and delay. Severity of stroke and site of angiographic occlusion may be important predictors of successful treatment.  (+info)

Cerebrovascular dynamics of autoregulation and hypoperfusion. An MRI study of CBF and changes in total and microvascular cerebral blood volume during hemorrhagic hypotension. (4/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine how cerebral blood flow (CBF), total and microvascular cerebral blood volume (CBV), and blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast change during autoregulation and hypotension using hemodynamic MRI. METHODS: Using arterial spin labeling and steady-state susceptibility contrast, we measured CBF and changes in both total and microvascular CBV during hemorrhagic hypotension in the rat (n=9). RESULTS: We observed CBF autoregulation for mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) between 50 and 140 mm Hg, at which average CBF was 1.27+/-0.44 mL. g(-1). min(-1) (mean+/-SD). During autoregulation, total and microvascular CBV changes were small and not significantly different from CBF changes. Consistent with this, no significant BOLD changes were observed. For MABP between 10 and 40 mm Hg, total CBV in the striatum increased slightly (+7+/-12%, P<0.05) whereas microvascular CBV decreased (-15+/-17%, P<0.01); on the cortical surface, total CBV increases were larger (+21+/-18%, P<0.01) and microvascular CBV was unchanged (3+/-22%, P>0.05). With severe hypotension, both total and microvascular CBV decreased significantly. Over the entire range of graded global hypoperfusion, there were increases in the CBV/CBF ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Parenchymal CBV changes are smaller than those of previous reports but are consistent with the small arteriolar fraction of total blood volume. Such measurements allow a framework for understanding effective compensatory vasodilation during autoregulation and volume-flow relationships during hypoperfusion.  (+info)

Neonatal focal temporal lobe or atrial wall haemorrhagic infarction. (5/639)

AIMS: To describe two variants of infarction within the temporal lobe, associated with local matrix bleeding and mild to moderate intraventricular haemorrhage. METHODS: The files of 10 neonates, extracted from a sonographic study of 560 very low birthweight infants conducted between 1993 and 1997, were retrospectively examined. RESULTS: Seven lesions were located in the middle to posterior area of the temporal lobe, three others faced the atrium. All except two of those with a temporal site were VLBW infants with hyaline membrane disease. Except for one fatal case, intraventricular bleeding was mild to moderate. Computed tomograms or magnetic resonance imaging were used to illustrate the haemorrhagic nature of three lesions. Survivors of this so far undescribed entity who were followed up for more than 18 months did not have a uniform type of cerebral palsy but some scored in the low normal range on the Bayley Mental Development Index. One girl developed temporal lobe epilepsy. CONCLUSIONS: This pattern of injury seems to be one of venous infarction associated with temporal or para-atrial matrix haemorrhage. The temporal site fits the picture of venous infarction within the area drained by the inferior ventricular vein. A less constant lateral atrial vein, either draining into the basal or internal cerebral vein, is probably involved in the para-atrial lesion. Sonography may be the only practical tool currently available for detection in life.  (+info)

Disseminated aspergillosis involving the brain: distribution and imaging characteristics. (6/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Systemic invasive aspergillosis involves the brain through hematogenous dissemination. A retrospective review of 18 patients with aspergillosis involving the brain was performed in order to present imaging findings and thereby broaden the understanding of the distribution and imaging characteristics of brain Aspergillus infection and to facilitate its early diagnosis. METHODS: The neuroimaging studies of 17 biopsy- or autopsy-proved cases and one clinically diagnosed case were examined retrospectively by two neuroradiologists. The studies were evaluated for anatomic distribution of lesions, signal characteristics of lesions, enhancement, hemorrhage, and progression on serial studies (when performed). Medical records, biopsy reports, and autopsy findings were reviewed. RESULTS: Thirteen of 18 patients had involvement of the basal nuclei and/or thalami. Nine of the 10 patients with lesions at the corticomedullary junction also had lesions in the basal nuclei or thalami. Callosal lesions were seen in seven patients. Progression of lesion number and size was seen in all 11 patients in whom serial studies had been performed. Enhancement was minimal or absent in most cases. There was gross hemorrhage in eight of the 18, and definite ring-enhancement in three. CONCLUSION: Among our cases, lesions in perforating artery territories were more common than those at the corticomedullary junction. Ring enhancement and gross hemorrhage may be present, but are not necessary for the prospective diagnosis.  (+info)

Level of in utero cocaine exposure and neonatal ultrasound findings. (7/639)

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is an association between the level of in utero cocaine exposure and findings on neonatal cranial ultrasound, controlling for potentially confounding variables. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective longitudinal study, three cocaine exposure groups were defined by maternal report and infant meconium assay: unexposed, heavier cocaine exposure (>75th percentile self-reported days of use or of meconium benzoylecogonine concentration) or lighter cocaine exposure (all others). Neonatal ultrasounds from 241 well, term infants were read by a single radiologist who was masked to the exposure group. RESULTS: Infants with lighter cocaine exposure did not differ from the unexposed infants on any ultrasound findings. After controlling for infant gender, gestational age, and birth weight z scores and for maternal parity, blood pressure in labor, ethnicity, and use of cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana during pregnancy, the more heavily cocaine-exposed infants were more likely than the unexposed infants to show subependymal hemorrhage in the caudothalamic groove (covariate adjusted odds ratio: 3.88; 95% confidence interval: 1.45, 10.35). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate that ultrasound findings suggestive of vascular injury to the neonatal central nervous system are related to the level of prenatal cocaine exposure. Inconsistency in previous research in identifying an association between prenatal cocaine exposure and neonatal cranial ultrasound findings may reflect failure to consider dose effects.  (+info)

Incidence and occurrence of total (first-ever and recurrent) stroke. (8/639)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It has recently been hypothesized that the figure of approximately half a million strokes substantially underestimates the actual annual stroke burden for the United States. The majority of previously reported studies on the epidemiology of stroke used relatively small and homogeneous population-based stroke registries. This study was designed to estimate the occurrence, incidence, and characteristics of total (first-ever and recurrent) stroke by using a large administrative claims database representative of all 1995 US inpatient discharges. METHODS: We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, release 4, which contains approximately 20% of all 1995 US inpatient discharges. Because the accuracy of International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) coding is suboptimal, we performed a literature review of ICD-9-CM 430 to 438 validation studies. The pooled results from the literature review were used to make appropriate adjustments in the analysis to correct for some of the inaccuracies of the diagnostic codes. RESULTS: There were 682 000 occurrences of stroke with hospitalization (95% CI 660 000 to 704 000) and an estimated 68 000 occurrences of stroke without hospitalization. The overall incidence rate for occurrence of total stroke (first-ever and recurrent) was 259 per 100 000 population (age- and sex-adjusted to 1995 US population). Incidence rates increased exponentially with age and were consistently higher for males than for females. CONCLUSIONS: We conservatively estimate that there were 750 000 first-ever or recurrent strokes in the United States during 1995. This new figure emphasizes the importance of preventive measures for a disease that has identifiable and modifiable risk factors and for the development of new and improved treatment strategies and infrastructures that can reduce the consequences of stroke.  (+info)

Case presentation of spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage in a patient on anti-coagulation. Includes algorithm for the management of supratherapeutic INR.
Intracranial hemorrhage is a form of stroke (see Chap. 419). Compared to ischemic stroke, patients with intracranial hemorrhage are more likely to present with headache; however, brain imaging is required to distinguish these entities. CT imaging of the head is highly sensitive and specific for intracranial hemorrhage and determines the location(s) of bleeding. Hemorrhages are classified by their location and the underlying vascular pathology. Hemorrhage directly into the brain parenchyma, also known as intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain will be considered here. Other categories of hemorrhage include bleeding into subdural and epidural spaces, usually caused by trauma (Chap 435), and subarachnoid hemorrhage due to trauma or the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm (Chap. 302). ...
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), an approved coronary thrombolytic agent, can cause serious bleeding. We report the cases of six patients with intracranial hemorrhage after tPA treatment for acute myocardial infarction. None of the patients were hypertensive at admission, and only one was hypertensive during therapy. Intravenous tPA, 100 mg, was followed by continuous intravenous heparin infusion; intracranial hemorrhage occurred between 2 and 14 hours after tPA infusion ended and between 3 and 17 hours after heparin therapy was started. The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) was excessively prolonged (from 81 s to more than 150 s) in all patients at onset of intracranial hemorrhage. The intracerebral hematomas were predominantly of lobar location, and two patients had multiple simultaneous hemorrhages. Four patients died from massive intracranial hemorrhage; the mechanism for these hemorrhages was unclear. Factors possibly related to hemorrhage include a systemic fibrinolytic state or a ...
Evidence is presented which supports the theory that intracranial hemorrhage may secondarily cause myocardial damage and cardiac arrhythmias.. Fatal intracranial hemorrhage occasionally is accompanied by ECG changes which are consistent with myocardial infarction; histological examination of the heart revealed a variable amount of myocardial damage. After intracranial hemorrhage in animals, myocardial damage was frequent. Similar myocardial damage was produced in animals by intravenous infusion of norepinephrine or acetylcholine and by electrical stimulation of the stellate ganglia, vagus nerve or mesencephalic reticular formation.. Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and various degrees of A-V block were reported in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage. Similar cardiac arrhythmias were found in animals after intracranial hemorrhage, and with electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve, stellate ganglia or CNS centers. Available data suggest that increased or altered autonomic activity ...
Objective To discuss the characteristics and correlated factors of postoperative intracranial hemorrhage of epidermoid cyst.Methods Clinical data of 428 patients with epidermoid cyst underwent craniotomy from 2002 to 2008 were analyzed retrospectively.Single-factor analysis and Logistic multivariate regression analysis were used to explore the correlated factors of postoperative intracranial hemorrhage of epidermoid cyst,and susceptible factors were screened.Results Postoperative intracranial hemorrhages occurred in 43 patients of the 428 patients(the incidence was 10.05%),among which the delayed hemorrhages(≥5 days postoperatively) accouned for 69.77% of the overall intracranial hemorrhages.The results of single-factor analysis showed that there was significant difference in tumor location(P=0.002),cerebral contusion(P=0.008) and postoperative meningitis(P=0.018) between bleeding group and non-bleeding group,and there was no significant differences in the remaining factors(age,sex,tumor size,capsule
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), defined as nontraumatic bleeding into the brain parenchyma, is the second most common subtype of stroke, with 5.3 million cases and over 3 million deaths reported worldwide in 2010. Case fatality is extremely high (reaching approximately 60 % at 1 year pos …
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Intracranial haemorrhage in pregnancy. AU - Fairhall, Jacob M.. AU - Stoodley, Marcus A. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is a rare, yet potentially devastating event in pregnancy. There is a risk of maternal mortality or morbidity and a significant risk to the unborn child. The risk of haemorrhage increases during the third trimester and is greatest during parturition and the puerperium. ICH can be extradural, subdural, subarachnoid or intraparenchymal. Causes of bleeding include trauma, arteriovenous malformations, aneurysms, preeclampsia/eclampsia and venous thrombosis. Urgent neurosurgical conditions generally outweigh obstetric considerations in management decisions, although anaesthetic and surgical modifications can be made to minimize adverse effects to the fetus.. AB - Intracranial haemorrhage (ICH) is a rare, yet potentially devastating event in pregnancy. There is a risk of maternal mortality or morbidity and a significant risk to the ...
Abstract: We propose a novel method that combines a convolutional neural network (CNN) with a long short-term memory (LSTM) mechanism for accurate prediction of intracranial hemorrhage on computed tomography (CT) scans. The CNN plays the role of a slice-wise feature extractor while the LSTM is responsible for linking the features across slices. The whole architecture is trained end-to-end with input being an RGB-like image formed by stacking 3 different viewing windows of a single slice. We validate the method on the recent RSNA Intracranial Hemorrhage Detection challenge and on the CQ500 dataset. For the RSNA challenge, our best single model achieves a weighted log loss of 0.0522 on the leaderboard, which is comparable to the top 3% performances, almost all of which make use of ensemble learning. Importantly, our method generalizes very well: the model trained on the RSNA dataset significantly outperforms the 2D model, which does not take into account the relationship between slices, on CQ500. ...
An intracranial hemorrhage results from rupture of an artery, vein or vein sinus within the cranial vault, which may lead to hypoxic neuronal death. Due to the bony skull surrounding intracranial tissues, hemorrhages are very likely to cause detrimental, pressure-induced brain lesions.… Intracranial Hemorrhage: Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes and Prognosis.
Introduction This document details the methodology for the Intracranial Hemorrhage or Cerebral Infarction measure and should be reviewed along with the Intracranial Hemorrhage or Cerebral Infarction Measure Codes List file, which contains the medical codes used in constructing the measure. Detailed PDF Download Measure Description Episode-based cost measures represent the cost
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reliability of the validated clinical diagnosis of pneumonia on validated outcomes after intracranial hemorrhage. AU - Naidech, Andrew M.. AU - Liebling, Storm M.. AU - Duran, Isis M.. AU - Moore, Michael J.. AU - Wunderink, Richard G.. AU - Zembower, Teresa R.. PY - 2012/10. Y1 - 2012/10. N2 - Purpose: Reducing the incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia (PNU) is important but depends on accurate assessment. We sought to determine the interrater reliability of diagnosis of PNU and its impact on resource utilization and functional outcomes in a high-risk population. Materials and Methods: Patients admitted in 2007 with intracranial hemorrhage were prospectively identified. Pneumonia was prospectively diagnosed by Centers for Disease Control criteria by a neurointensivist and infection control. An independent retrospective determination was made by a fellow, an infectious disease attending physician, and a pulmonologist after review of the electronic medical records and ...
This current series is the largest study to date focusing on hyperperfusion and ICH following CAS. We found an incidence of HPS of 1.1%, and the incidence of ICH was 0.67%. Intracranial hemorrhage following CAS was associated with a high mortality and morbidity rate. The five patients from our institution who developed HPS had several characteristics in common: all had a ≥90%-treated ICA stenosis and all had severe stenoses (≥80%) involving the contralateral carotid artery. All five patients were hypertensive at baseline, and two of them developed significant postprocedural hypertension preceding the onset of ICH. Although one patient developed ICH immediately postprocedure, the others developed typical hyperperfusion syndrome features within days of the intervention. Progression to neurological dysfunction and ICH occurred in two of the four patients.. Although there are no published, systematic analyses of HPS in CAS patients, three groups have published their experience with ICH following ...
HOUSTON, TX-Theres no such thing as a good intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), but a new analysis hints that patients who have one might be better off if theyre taking a non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) rather than warfarin at the time.. A prospective cohort study showed that those with NOAC-related hemorrhages presented with a smaller hematoma volume, less severe stroke symptoms, and a lower rate of severe ICH than did patients who were taking a vitamin K antagonist (VKA), Georgios Tsivgoulis, MD, PhD (University of Athens, Greece), reported at the International Stroke Conference held here last week.. Moreover, a meta-analysis incorporating those findings suggested that NOAC-treated patients were less likely to die in the hospital.. Tsivgoulis said that the results highlight NOAC therapy as an attractive option for patients with nonvalvular A-fib and a high ICH risk, adding, however, that confirmation of the results is needed in larger studies.. Commenting for TCTMD, Steven ...
Brain hemorrhage symptoms should be assessed immediately. Dignity Health doctors are experts in intracranial hemorrhage treatment in AZ.
Intracranial hemorrhage in a neonate, shown in isolation, in 3 numbered illustrations. 1 illustration of brain shown intact with spinal cord, dura mater divided and reflected to show subdural hemorrhage. 2 illustrations of brain divided to show hemorrhage in the lateral ventricles.. ...
A hemorrhage is considered a focal brain injury, meaning that it occurs in a specific spot in the brain, not generally across the entire brain. There are two main classifications of intracranial hemorrhage. The first is intra-axial or cerebral hemorrhage, is bleeding within the brain itself. This is very serious and difficult to treat. The second type is extra-axial hemorrhage, which is bleeding that occurs within the skull but outside of the brain tissue.. ...
Objective: Increasing amphetamine abuse worldwide has aroused widespread concern in medical and governmental agencies. Cerebral angiitis and intracranial hemorrhage are reported to associate with amphetamine abuse. The mortality rate is estimated at 50%. The two major factors involved are the drug hypertensive effect, a preexisting vascular alteration, and a cerebral vasculitis. We report on case of amphetamine-related intracranial hemorrhage and review the current literature.. Methods: A 26-year-old man developed complete loss of consciousness. On admission, he was intubated and ventilated. His vital signs were blood pressure 116/80 mmHg, pulse rate 78/min, respiration rate 14/min. Apart from prothrombin time (68%), laboratory studies showed normal blood count, biochemistry, and platelet count. A toxicology screen test for urine was found to be positive for ecstasy. Computed tomographic scans demonstrated a large intracerebral hemorrhage in the left frontal and parietal lobes as well as ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Oral anticoagulation after intracranial haemorrhage. T2 - A survey of UK stroke physicians. AU - Bell, S.. AU - Randall, M.. AU - Salman, Al-Shahi R.. AU - Abousleiman, Y.. AU - Ahmad, N.. AU - Ahmed, A.. AU - Anderton, P.. AU - Andole, S.. AU - Anjum, T.. AU - Ankolekar, S.. AU - Anwar, Iqbal. AU - Archer, J.. AU - Baker, J.. AU - Barber, M.. AU - Bathula, R.. AU - Bhargava, M.. AU - Bhaskaran, B.. AU - Black, T.. AU - Brodie, F.. AU - Broughton, D.. AU - Byrne, A.. AU - Carpenter, M.. AU - Chapman, N.. AU - Chatterjee, K.. AU - Cheripelli, B. K.. AU - Choulerton, J.. AU - Clarke, B.. AU - Cohen, D.. AU - Cooper, M.. AU - Coward, L.. AU - Crawford, P.. AU - Cvoro, [No Value]. AU - Dallol, B.. AU - Davey, R.. AU - Davies, S.. AU - Davies, R.. AU - Dennis, M.. AU - Dhakal, M.. AU - Doney, A.. AU - Doubal, F.. AU - Dutta, D.. AU - Dynan, K.. AU - Elyas, S.. AU - Emsley, H.. AU - England, T.. AU - Epstein, D.. AU - Epstein, E.. AU - Evans, S.. AU - Findlay, P.. AU - Fotherby, ...
7th Management of OB Crisis 5 of 6 Women are at a higher risk for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) when pregnant. Influencing factors for this increased risk are discussed. ICH types, etiologies, diagnos...
Intracranial Hemorrhage Or Cerebral Infarction With Complications average hospital billing costs and medicare payments across United States hospitals. See which Hospital was cheapest and compare with other hospitals in the US
Brain tumor news: Intracranial hemorrhage in patients with cancer treated with bevacizumab: the Memorial Sloan-Kettering experience.
This guideline, issued jointly by the Neurocritical Care Society and Society of Critical Care Medicine and published in Neurocrit Care December 2015, provides timely and evidence-based reversal strategies to assist practitioners in the care of patients with antithrombotic-associated intracranial hemorrhage. Read the statement here. Best regards, Riikka Takala.
Intracranial haemorrhage is a collective term encompassing many different conditions characterised by the extravascular accumulation of blood within
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There is an increased risk of strokes in pregnancy and puerperium. Intracranial haemorrhage is the rarer of the two stroke subtypes but carries a greater morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the child. This review highlights the causes of pregnancy-related intracranial haemorrhage and its management. The incidence varies from region to region with the highest being reported from China and Taiwan. Majority of these haemorrhages are secondary to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with smaller proportions related to aneurysm and arteriovenous malformation rupture. A small but important contributor is cortical venous thrombosis which, although predominantly gives rise to ischaemic lesions, may lead to parenchymal haemorrhages as well. Presentation is usually with headaches or seizures, with or without focal deficits. Diagnosis requires brain imaging with computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, and the necessity of investigation when this diagnosis is suspected supersedes the small
There is an increased risk of strokes in pregnancy and puerperium. Intracranial haemorrhage is the rarer of the two stroke subtypes but carries a greater morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the child. This review highlights the causes of pregnancy-related intracranial haemorrhage and its management. The incidence varies from region to region with the highest being reported from China and Taiwan. Majority of these haemorrhages are secondary to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy with smaller proportions related to aneurysm and arteriovenous malformation rupture. A small but important contributor is cortical venous thrombosis which, although predominantly gives rise to ischaemic lesions, may lead to parenchymal haemorrhages as well. Presentation is usually with headaches or seizures, with or without focal deficits. Diagnosis requires brain imaging with computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging, and the necessity of investigation when this diagnosis is suspected supersedes the small
Background & Objectives: Stroke is the third cause of mortality after cardiovascular diseases and cancer. It is also the most common debilitating neurologic disorder. Considering the high prevalence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and its mortality, it seems quite necessary to study the frequency of ICH risk factors and its mortality ...
Patients with ICH whose INR is elevated because of VKA should have their VKA withheld, receive therapy to replace vitamin K-dependent factors and correct the INR, and receive intravenous vitamin K (Class I; Level of Evidence C). PCCs may have fewer complications and correct the INR more rapidly than FFP and might be considered over FFP (Class IIb; Level of Evidence B). rFVIIa does not replace all clotting factors, and although the INR may be lowered, clotting may not be restored in vivo; therefore, rFVIIa is not recommended for VKA reversal in ICH (Class III; Level of Evidence C). (Revised from the previous guideline ...
Those treated with a stent were twice as likely to suffer a stroke or transient ischemic attack compared to those treated with medication alone.. ...
What outcomes did they look for?. The main outcome was function as measure on the modified Rankin Score (mRS) score at 3 months. They also looked at secondary outcomes such as mortality (quite an important one) and brain imaging changes.. What are the main findings?. For the principle outcome of an mRS of 3-6 there was a difference in favour of the control group (89% vs 82%). Similarly when they cut the data at mRS of 4-6 there was still a difference (72% vs 56%) which was also statistically significant. This indicates that the patients with a platelet infusion did worse in terms of function. An mRS of 3 is moderate disability; requiring some help, but able to walk without assistance or worse. An mRS of 4 is moderately severe disability; unable to walk without assistance and unable to attend to own bodily needs without assistance. I think the 3-6 grouping is the one that Im most interested in, and there is a great graphic in the paper that illustrates how the groups differ in terms of mRS ...
Your doctor will use many clues to solve these problems. The way the problem is solved is through history taking, blood work, assessing various pictures of the brain, surgery or time. The outcome for patients depends on many factors such as the extent of the bleed, how quickly it was treated and complications.. ...
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НОВЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ В ХИРУРГИИ НЕТРАВМАТИЧЕСКИХ ВНУТРИЧЕРЕПНЫХ КРОВОИЗЛИЯНИЙ
Using convolutional neural networks built on TensorFlow Healthcare is ripe for innovation, with every advancement in machine learning speeding it along. One area in particular, medical imaging, is rapidly evolving with each stepwise improvement in neural network techniques. In this blog, I will discuss my capstone proj
RT @bbcbitesize: @CharRVictory was diagnosed with MS when she was 22 years old. Here she is talking about her MS journey, what its like li… ...
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Intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH) is one form of intracerebral bleeding in which there is bleeding within brain parenchyma. The other form is intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). Intraparenchymal hemorrhage accounts for approx. 8-13% of all strokes and results from a wide spectrum of disorders. It is more likely to result in death or major disability than ischemic stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage, and therefore constitutes an immediate medical emergency. Intracerebral hemorrhages and accompanying edema may disrupt or compress adjacent brain tissue, leading to neurological dysfunction. Substantial displacement of brain parenchyma may cause elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) and potentially fatal herniation syndromes. Clinical manifestations of intraparenchymal hemorrhage are determined by the size and location of hemorrhage, but may include the following: Hypertension, fever, or cardiac arrhythmias Nuchal rigidity Subhyaloid retinal hemorrhages Altered level of consciousness Anisocoria, ...
Other than surgery, alternative treatment like acupuncture is the best way to treat brain hemorrhage. This is because acupuncture and herbal medicine may help controlling the blood pressure which to avoid repeated bleeding.. Alternative Brain Hemorrhage Treatment: Brain hemorrhage can be treated with THE TOLEs neuro acupuncture brain hemorrhage treatment and brain hemorrhage herbal medicine. For the recovery time, its all depend on how long and how severe the problem is. You can also order our brain hemorrhage herbs medicine through the net and we will courier the brain hemorrhage herbs medicine to you.. ...
Second time brain hemorrhage - MedHelps Second time brain hemorrhage Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Second time brain hemorrhage. Find Second time brain hemorrhage information, treatments for Second time brain hemorrhage and Second time brain hemorrhage symptoms.
Data on children treated with intravenous tPA for neuroimaging-confirmed arterial ischemic stroke were collected retrospectively from 16 former TIPS sites to establish preliminary safety data. Participating sites were required to report all children who were treated with intravenous tPA to minimize reporting bias. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) was defined as ECASS (European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study) II parenchymal hematoma type 2 or any intracranial hemorrhage associated with neurological deterioration within 36 after following tPA administration. A Bayesian ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - CT patterns of intracranial hemorrhage complicating thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. AU - Uglietta, J. P.. AU - OConnor, C. M.. AU - Boyko, O. B.. AU - Aldrich, H.. AU - Massey, E. W.. AU - Heinz, E. R.. PY - 1991/1/1. Y1 - 1991/1/1. N2 - Computed tomographic (CT) patterns of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) were determined in 1,696 patients undergoing thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction. ICH occurred at 33 sites in 0.77% of patients (n = 13). Thirty-six percent of hemorrhages (n = 12) were intraparenchymal, 33% (n = 11) were subdural, 24% (n = 8) were subarachnoid, and 6% (n = 2) were intraventricular. Eighty-four percent (n = 26) of all nonventricular hemorrhages were supratentorial in location. The most common site of ICH was supratentorial and intraparenchymal (10 of 33). In 11 of the 13 patients with ICH, clinical symptoms occurred within 24 hours of the initiation of thrombolytic therapy. A fatal outcome resulted in three of the four ...
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Brain Hemorrhage Pipeline Review, H1 2012, provides an overview of the Brain Hemorrhage therapeutic pipeline. This report provides information on the therapeutic development for Brain Hemorrhage, complete with latest updates, and special features on late-stage and discontinued projects. It also reviews key players involved in the therapeutic development for Brain Hemorrhage. Brain Hemorrhage - Pipeline Review, H1 2012 is built using data and information sourced from Global Markets Directs proprietary databases, Company/University websites, SEC filings, investor presentations and featured press releases from company/university sites and industry-specific third party sources, put together by Global Markets Directs team ...
The image displayed here is an internal carotid angiogram taken from a different patient with a more typical Moyamoya disease angiogram. The black arrow points to the puff of smoke which represents neovascularization providing collateral blood flow. There is stenosis of the internal carotid artery proximal to this puff of smoke. The white arrow points to a dilated ophthalmic artery which is providing collateral circulation as well. Moyamoya disease is a disease of the large cerebral vessels that results in a network of small collateral vessels that form a pattern on angiography resembling a puff or hazy cloud of smoke (the English translation of the Japanese term, moyamoya). Diseased vessels may narrow and occlude resulting in transient ischemic attacks and/or cerebral infarcts, or they may rupture resulting in spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage. Patients may also present with headaches. This condition presents largely in childhood and is uncommon (Despite this, three likely cases have ...
The prospective study enrolled 48 orthopedic trauma patients without brain injury (GCS>13) over a period of 6 months. The authors correlated the DIC-score as described by Taylor with the well-known injury severity score (ISS). Interestingly, the DIC score did not correlate with the ISS positively and only a group of 10 patients (20%) did have a mild increased DIC-score on admission despite an ISS of 34 in median. This is in contrast to several other earlier trials. However, this might be a consequence of the exclusion of brain trauma and to the fact that none of the enrolled patients had requirement of massive blood transfusion. Unfortunately the amounts of transfused units of red blood cells or fresh frozen plasma as well as fibrinogen are not given in detail. Furthermore, as pointed out by Fries et al. recently, coagulopathy in trauma patients is different to DIC at least in the early phase. [6] Another surprising result of the study is the increase in fibrinogen levels over time beginning ...
Its been a lazy summer on our part, so its time to get back to business. And well start off with this article by Moustafa et al, which was recently published in the Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. The authors deal with the issue of predicting risk of intracranial haemorrhage in TBI patients…
misc{5739745, author = {Riles, Thomas and Timaran, Dr and Van Herzeele, Isabelle and AbuRahma, Ali and Liapis, Christos and Golledge, Jonathan and Ricotta, John}, issn = {0741-5214}, language = {eng}, number = {3}, pages = {628--629}, series = {JOURNAL OF VASCULAR SURGERY}, title = {Intracranial hemorrhage after carotid endarterectomy and carotid stenting in the United States in 2005: discussion}, url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2008.09.065}, volume = {49}, year = {2009 ...
Other closed skull fracture with other and unspecified intracranial hemorrhage, with prolonged [more than 24 hours] loss of consciousness and return to pre-existing conscious level information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues.
Find the best brain haemorrhage doctors in Gurgaon. Get guidance from medical experts to select brain haemorrhage specialist in Gurgaon from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
Check out this site for a great Brain Haemorrhage. Find out the correct ingredients and simple instructions on how to make a great Brain Haemorrhage. Free and easy speciality Brain Haemorrhage.
Cases reported • Cerebral Hemorrhage; Hemorrhage, Cerebral; Brain Hemorrhage, Cerebral; Cerebral Parenchymal Hemorrhage; Intracerebral Hemorrhage. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
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Do you know the causes and symptoms of cerebral artery outbreaks?:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::Brain hemorrhage or brain hemorrhage is a disorder that has a high likelihood of death.You may or may not know but there are 2 types of paralysis, blood supply to one of the cerebral tissues is stopped or reduced which is called ischemic stroke while…
Brain Haemorrhage and High Blood Pressure, high Blood pressure has many serious complications including life threatening brain haemorrhage. You should take your medicine regularly to prevent yourself from any such complication.
Complications after a brain hemorrhage,Brain hemorrhage is alternatively known as brain bleeding .The brain is enclosed inside of the skull.
RESULTS: Overall, 24 patients were treated. The mean age was 67.2 years; mean occlusion time, 230.2 minutes. On admission, the median NIHSS score was 18. In all patients, the Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score was zero before the procedure. Stent implantation was feasible in all cases. In 15 patients (62.5%), a Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score ≥ 2b could be achieved. Six patients (25%) improved ≥10 NIHSS points between admission and discharge. After 90 days, the median mRS score was 3.0. Seven patients (29.2%) had a good clinical outcome (mRS 0-2), and 4 patients (16.6%) died, 1 due to fatal intracranial hemorrhage. Overall, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage occurred in 4 patients (16.6%). ...
Neurosurgeons are stepping further and further back from this disease because there really is not a role for surgery in ICH, points out Dr. Josephson, director of the neurohospitalist program and assistant professor of neurology at UCSF. The exceptions are cerebellar hemorrhages and those hemorrhages that are close to the surface. Probably less than between 5% and 10% of ICH patients need surgical intervention, he says. ...
Brain haemorrhage. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain (side view) of a 63 year old man. The light patch at the level of the brainstem (lower centre) shows that there is a subacute brainstem haemorrhage, which is an early-stage, slow-progressing bleed. This is likely a result of this patients chronic hypertension (high blood pressure). Surgery to stop the bleeding is urgent in these cases. If untreated, severe brain damage and death can occur. - Stock Image C021/2543
Brain hemorrhages are emergency medical conditions, with potentially life-altering ramifications. Immediately consult your veterinarian anytime your dog spontaneously loses consciousness, bleeds from the ears or nostrils, bleeds within his eyeballs or exhibits unusual postures.
399 patients with ICH diagnosed by CT within three hours after onset were randomized to receive placebo or 40 μg/kg, 80 ug/kg, or 160 ug/kg rFVIIa within one hour after the baseline scan. Hematoma volume increased more in the placebo group than in the rFVIIa groups (29% in the placebo group vs. 16%, 14%, and 11%, p=0.01 overall). Growth in the volume of intracerebral hemorrhage was reduced by 3.3 ml, 4.5 ml, and 5.8 ml (p=0.01). 69% of placebo-treated patients died or were severely disabled (modified Rankin Scale score of 4 to 6), as compared with 55%, 49%, and 54% of the rFVIIa patients, respectively (p=0.004 overall). Mortality at 90 days was 29% for patients who received placebo, as compared with 18% in the three rFVIIa groups combined (p=0.02). Serious thromboembolic adverse events, mainly myocardial or cerebral infarction, occurred in 7% of rFVIIa-treated patients, as compared with 2 percent of those given placebo (p=0.12) [NEJM 352: 777, 2005 ...
The diagnosis of SAH has historically depended on the results of CT or lumbar puncture, as MR imaging was considered to be insensitive to blood in the subarachnoid space. Currently, CT is still widely and most commonly used to exclude intracranial hemorrhage. If clinically suspected, SAH could be reliably diagnosed by means of MR imaging and its source detected on an MR angiogram. MR may obviate diagnostic intraarterial angiography, at least in some cases.. A number of studies in both clinical and animal models have recently demonstrated that FLAIR is an accurate MR imaging technique in the diagnosis of SAH and that it is more sensitive than nonenhanced CT (1-4). GRE T2*-weighted images can depict intracranial hemorrhage in animal models within minutes of its onset (2, 5). T2*-weighted sequences are also sensitive for acute and hyperacute intracerebral hemorrhage in patients, within less than 30 minutes from the onset (6, 7). A recent study demonstrated the high accuracy of GRE T2*-weighted ...
Bret Michaels, best known as the lead singer of 80s band Poison and the prize on VH1s Rock of Love dating show, suffered a brain hemorrhage on Thursday and is currently in critical condition at an undisclosed location.
Neonatal stroke is similar to the stroke that occurs in adults and produces a significant morbidity and long-term neurologic and cognitive deficits. There are important differences in the factors, inical events and outcomes associated with the stroke in infants and adults. However, anisms underlying age differences in the stroke development remain largely unknown. Therefore, treatment guidelines for neonatal stroke must extrapolate from the adult data that is often not suitable for children. The new information about differences between neonatal and adult stroke is essential for identification of significant areas for future treatment and effective prevention of neonatal stroke. Here, we studied the development of stress-induced hemorrhagic stroke and possible mechanisms underlying these processes in newborn and adult rats. Using histological methods and magnetic resonance imaging, we found age differences in the type of intracranial hemorrhages. Newborn rats demonstrated small superficial ...
Patients with atrial fibrillation showed a substantially reduced risk of dangerous bleeding in the brain, known as intracranial hemorrhage, when taking the newer anticoagulant apixaban compared to those taking warfarin. The study also showed that taking aspirin increased the risk of intracranial hemorrhage, especially in older patients.
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A brain hemorrhage happens when one of the arteries in your brain bursts. This causes bleeding inside of the brain and it is ... Brain Injury
2011- ല്‍ ആയിരുന്നു ആ തലവേദന. വാലന്റൈന്‍സ് ഡേയുടെ തൊട്ടു തലേദിവസം. ഗെയിം ഓഫ് ത്രോണ്‍സ് ടെലിവിഷന്‍ പരമ്പരയുടെ ആദ്യസിരീസ് പൂര്‍ത്തിയാക്കി എമിലിയ.brain hemorrhage. Emilia Clarke. Game of Thrones. Inspiration. Same You. Brain Injury.Women Employment. Career for Women. Manorama Online
Free, official coding info for 2021 ICD-10-CM I69.213 - includes detailed rules, notes, synonyms, ICD-9-CM conversion, index and annotation crosswalks, DRG grouping and more.
Hepatic CYP2B metabolizes cyclophosphamide (CP) into acrolein and phosphoramide mustard, which are the ultimate toxic teratogenic compounds. To determine whether folic acid (FA), resveratrol (RV) and vitamin E (vitE) could prevent these adverse effects, we carried out this study with CP at 20-60 nM. CP at 40 nM yie
Falls from elevation are among the most common work-related accidents to occur in Washington, including Seattle. Whether you fall from elevation or the same
The former manager of Manchester United, Sir Alex Ferguson, checked into the hospital for his brain haemorrhage surgery on Saturday, May 5, 2018. Fans and players all across the globe are worried and have been sending him best wishes. Get Well Soon, Fergie.
A Singaporean womans death has been blamed on karaoke singing. Model Karen Stella Wong collapsed and died after singing high notes on a karaoke, leading to brain hemorrhage.
Time is the biggest factor in brain hemorrhage treatment A life can be saved only when the patient gets help on time It is a serious medical condition because, Hospitals, Clinics New Delhi
The Formula 1 top legend Michael Schumacher now in a critical condition following a skiing accident, the British media reporting, quoting the French hospital hes now in. F1 seven-time world champion suffered serious brain haemorrhage (bleeding) was in a coma on arrival and undergoes a brain operation. Mr Schumacher w
Former NBA commissioner David Stern suffered a brain hemorrhage last week and he was rushed to the hospital for emergency surgery. And now the league has an update on Sterns condition, revealing that his health has not gotten any better. On Tuesday, the NBA released a statement on Stern saying [...]
An elderly man died from a brain haemorrhage after being given the wrong medication and an elderly woman was diagnosed with diabetes after her doctor failed
According to researchers in UK inserting a coil into a weakened blood vessel offers a survival benefit over surgery in brain haemorrhage. The death
New Delhi: Former defence minister A K Antony suffered a minor brain haemorrhage and was admitted to Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital in New Delhi, a senior doctor of the hospital said. He was admi
MPI Research and Edge Therapeutics Partner to Advance Development of Life-Saving Therapies After Brain Hemorrhage MATTAWAN, MI and NEW PROVIDENCE, NJ, Apr 03, 2012 -- MPI Research, the largest...
When singer Shelly Pooles husband suffered an enormous brain haemorrhage, she was told to expect the worst. But Ally, guitarist in rock band Texas, confounded all the experts I woke up around 8.30 on the morning of Tuesday 8 September 2009 to the most disturbing noise Id ever heard, like the emptying of a drain.…
Emilia Clarke, who suffered two brain hemorrhages when she was 24, says they were a good thing and helped her deal with the pressures of fame coming from her Game of Thrones debut. Read her full statements.
just read the life section of strait times just now only and found out that my hero richard avedon collapsed from a brain haemorrhage... lets hope he is ok... this couple of months weve seen the passing of many gifted lensmen
Rock singer and TV reality star Bret Michaels remained in critical condition, but was conscious and talking with slurred speech after suffering a brain hemorrhage, his publicist said on Sunday.
Thirty-two patients with RICMs were identified (56.2% men), with a median age of 31.1 years at RICM diagnosis. The median latency from radiation treatment to RICM diagnosis was 12.0 years (interquartile range 5.0-19.6 years). RICMs were always within the previous radiation port. RICMs were symptomatic at diagnosis in 46.9%, and were associated with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage at any time in 43.8%. Older age at the time of radiation treatment and higher radiation dose were associated with shorter latency. RICMs tended to be diagnosed at a younger age than nonradiation CMs (median 31.1 vs 42.4 years, respectively; p = 0.054) but were significantly less likely to be symptomatic at the time of diagnosis (46.9% vs 65.8%, respectively; p = 0.036). RICMs were more likely to be multiple CMs than nonradiation CMs (p = 0.0002). Prospectively, the risk of symptomatic hemorrhage was 4.2% for RICMs and 2.3% for nonradiation CMs per person-year (p = 0.556). In the absence of symptoms at presentation, ...
Intracerebral hemorrhage is a severe condition requiring prompt medical attention. Treatment goals include lifesaving interventions, supportive measures, and control of symptoms. Treatment depends on the location, extent, and cause of the bleeding. Often, treatment cannot reverse the damage that has been done. A craniotomy is sometimes done to remove blood, abnormal blood vessels, or a tumor. Medications may be used to reduce swelling, prevent seizures, lower blood pressure, and control pain. ...
Major bleeding is defined as any severe bleeding (associated with any of the following: death, leading to a drop in hemoglobin ≥ 5 g/dl, significant hypotension with the need for inotropic agents, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, requirement for surgery or for a transfusion ≥ 4 units of red blood cells or equivalent whole blood) and other major bleeding (significantly disabling bleeding, or intraocular bleeding leading to significant loss of vision or bleeding requiring transfusion of 2-3 units of red blood cells or equivalent whole blood) after validation by the independent EAC ...
Identify acute intracranial hemorrhage and its subtypes ...
Intracranial pressure elevation is delayed following intracerebral hemorrhage in rats Warren KE., Beard DJ., Hood RJ., Spratt ...
Write-up: Patient had massive acute intracranial hemorrhage. Was found down in bathroom. In ED CT scan showed large ... Haemorrhage intracranial, Intracranial pressure increased, Intraventricular haemorrhage, Ventricular drainage SMQs:, ... unable to control intracranial pressure, parents agreed to DNR status and patient is not expected to survive. ... intraventricular hemorrhage, EVD placed, patient progressed to massive brain swelling and infarctions, decompressive ...
Assessing the risks of hemorrhage and growth, genetics, and optimal management for unruptured intracranial aneurysms ... Assessing the risk of hemorrhage and optimal management for intracranial vascular malformations of all types ... intracranial aneurysms, intracranial vascular malformations, primary central nervous system vasculitis and the epidemiology of ... However, an entity such as an unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) constitutes a public health problem and is a growing ...
Deep01s intracranial hemorrhage detection AI system can detects the injured parts within 30 seconds. Atgenomix builds gene ...
Intracranial hemorrhage in atrial fibrillation: Is there a racial/ethnic difference?. September 05, 2008 ... hospitalized over a 6-year period to determine the racial and ethnic differences in the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) ...
My mother died in May 2013 from an intra cranial hemorrhage. It took a week for her heart to stop in the hospital comfort care ...
The Indian Journal of Pharmacology is an official organ of the Indian Pharmacological Society
In addition to that, a head scan revealed healing intracranial hemorrhaging," she said.. A couple who live upstairs from the ...
Imaging of Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage. Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a common entity encountered in clinical ...
Out of all eligible patients, 37% showed traumatic intracranial hemorrhage within four hours of admission. After comparing the ... Bleeding inside or around the skull, or "traumatic intracranial hemorrhage" is frequently treated with a transfusion of ... "Our study found that the administration of platelets and DDAVP is no more effective in preventing progression of hemorrhage or ... the researchers saw there was no difference in mortality or hemorrhage progression between either groups. ...
Intracranial Hemorrhage. This is when bleeding begins in the brain. Not only can this cause swelling, stroke, herniation, and ...
... and painful or even life-threatening morbidities include intracranial hemorrhage, severe bleeding in other organ systems, ...
bleeding, including intracranial hemorrhage (spontaneous bleeding into the. brain), which could be life-threatening if ...
Tags: brain bleed, CVA, epidural hematoma, Intracranial Hemorrhage, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, trauma ... Tags: brain bleed, CVA, epidural hematoma, Intracranial Hemorrhage, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, trauma ... Tags: brain bleed, CVA, epidural hematoma, Intracranial Hemorrhage, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, trauma ... Tags: brain bleed, CVA, epidural hematoma, Intracranial Hemorrhage, stroke, subarachnoid hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, trauma ...
Detection of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage utilizing real‐time and static ultrasound Johnson, Michael L.; Rumack, Carol M.; ... Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has a 50% to 60% incidence in premature infants under 32 wk gestational age and is felt to be one ...
... causing intracranial hemorrhage cases, the mortality charge is quite excessive. If house flooring, baths, bogs can not ...
Rapid detection of intracranial hemorrhage with CuraCloud: In trauma situations, there is no time to waste. CuraCloud develops ... uses a deep learning algorithm to detect cases suspected with intracranial hemorrhage in seconds. ...
The coroners report states the cause as "acute intracranial hemorrhage due to history of blunt force trauma" and states that ...
keywords = "acute ischemic stroke, dual antiplatelet therapy, mortality, functional outcome, intracranial hemorrhage", ...
SYN: SEE: apoplexy; SEE: brain attack; SEE: cerebrovascular accident SEE: carotid endarterectomy; SEE: intracranial hemorrhage ... SYN: SEE: apoplexy; SEE: brain attack; SEE: cerebrovascular accident SEE: carotid endarterectomy; SEE: intracranial hemorrhage ... In the U.S., 80% of strokes are caused by cerebral infarct; intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral emboli are responsible for ... In the U.S., 80% of strokes are caused by cerebral infarct; intracranial hemorrhage and cerebral emboli are responsible for ...
Headaches in Patients with Minimal Traumatic Intracranial Hemorrhage from Traumatic Brain Injuries. Sep 6, 2017. ...
Restarting Anticoagulant Therapy After Intracranial Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.. Stroke. 48(6):1594-1600 ... Pooled analysis suggests benefit of catheter-based hematoma removal for intracerebral hemorrhage.. Neurology. ...
Intracranial Stenosis; Intracranial Hemorrhage; Venous Sinus Stenosis; Image-Guided Spine Surgery; Laminectomy Microdiscectomy ... Willis completed further specialized training in intracranial tumors and open cerebrovascular disorders during a 1-year ...
Intracranial hemorrhage. These conditions, if they persist, can cause additional complications that may require extensive long- ...
Intracranial Hemorrhage. *Brain Tumors. *CNS Infections. *Cognitive Disorders. *Movement Disorders. *Amyotrophic Lateral ...
RESULTS: Eighteen patients (82%) presented with intracranial hemorrhage or progressive neurological deficits. Retrograde ... RESULTS: Eighteen patients (82%) presented with intracranial hemorrhage or progressive neurological deficits. Retrograde ... RESULTS: Eighteen patients (82%) presented with intracranial hemorrhage or progressive neurological deficits. Retrograde ... RESULTS: Eighteen patients (82%) presented with intracranial hemorrhage or progressive neurological deficits. Retrograde ...
Intracranial Hemorrhage (ICH) *SAH / sentinel bleed. *Acute obstructive hydrocephalus. *Space occupying lesions ...
  • Head CT shows crescent-shaped deformity Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), which occur between the arachnoid and pia meningeal layers, like intraparenchymal hemorrhage, can result either from trauma or from ruptures of aneurysms or arteriovenous malformations. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classic presentation of subarachnoid hemorrhage is the sudden onset of a severe headache (a thunderclap headache). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hemorrhage within the meninges or the associated potential spaces, including epidural hematoma, subdural hematoma, and subarachnoid hemorrhage, is covered in detail in other articles. (medscape.com)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage is more likely to result in death or major disability than ischemic stroke or subarachnoid hemorrhage . (medscape.com)
  • Heros RC et al Cerebral vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage: an update. (springer.com)
  • The larger autopsy-based studies report small subdural, subarachnoid, and intracerebral hemorrhages in 20-30% of live births. (medscape.com)
  • These images show the system's ability to explain its diagnosis of subarachnoid (left above) and intraventricular (left below) hemorrhage by displaying images with similar appearances (right) from an atlas of images used to train the system. (gehealthcare.com)
  • They included studies that provided outcomes for aspirin versus control in terms of risk for intracranial, subdural or extradural, intracerebral and subarachnoid hemorrhages. (naturalnews.com)
  • It has increasingly been reported that intracranial hemorrhage, especially cortical subarachnoid bleeding, can accompany RCVS. (ahajournals.org)
  • This is important because the most commonly understood reason for vasospasm or vasoconstriction in stroke is as a result of subarachnoid hemorrhage (usually, but not always, aneurysmal). (ahajournals.org)
  • 9 A clinical presentation indistinguishable from RCVS has been documented in the context of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. (ahajournals.org)
  • Although this may be true, it also remains unclear how multifocal vasospasm could cause usually rather focal subarachnoid hemorrhage. (ahajournals.org)
  • It is well described in the adult literature associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage where it is known as neurogenic stress cardiomyopathy (NSC), but few such pediatric cases have been reported. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a common and frequently life-threatening cerebrovascular disease, which is mostly related with a ruptured intracranial aneurysm. (degruyter.com)
  • To date, AHA/ASA experts have consensus on the definition that stroke caused by subarachnoid hemorrhage only includes spontaneous SAH, which is mostly related with a ruptured intracranial aneurysm [ 1 , 2 , 7 , 8 ]. (degruyter.com)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage is demonstrated. (sciencephoto.com)
  • He died of subarachnoid hemorrhage the next day. (nih.gov)
  • A brain hemorrhage, one of the two main types of stroke results when a ruptured artery causes bleeding into the brain (intracerebral bleed) or into the space between the membranes surrounding the brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage). (healthcommunities.com)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhages usually occur at the base of the brain and are usually due to rupture of cerebral aneurysms. (healthcommunities.com)
  • Aneurysms (weak spots in the wall of an artery that may burst) are a major cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage. (healthcommunities.com)
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage was seen in the bilateral frontoparietal sulci, sylvian fissures, and the basilar and prepontine cisterns, with a small amount of intraventricular hemorrhage in the occipital horns of the lateral ventricles. (frontiersin.org)
  • (B) Axial image from head CT demonstrating basilar traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. (frontiersin.org)
  • Despite its favorable short-term outcome, concerns exist about long-term reopening and inherent risk of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). (uva.nl)
  • The authors report a case of recurrent subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) after complete occlusion of an intracranial aneurysm. (koreamed.org)
  • Atrial and ventricular arrhythmias and various degrees of A-V block were reported in patients suffering from subarachnoid hemorrhage. (ahajournals.org)
  • CT angiography (CTA) is increasingly used to assess for a vascular underlying cause, particularly in cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage, or intraparenchymal hemorrhage where something in the presentation, demographics of the patient or location/appearance of bleed make a primary hemorrhage less likely. (radiopaedia.org)
  • In all, 56 patients (77%) had intraparenchymal hemorrhage, 22 patients (31%) had subdural hemorrhage, 15 patients (21%) had subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), and 3 patients (4%) had epidural hemorrhage. (biomedcentral.com)
  • ICD-9 code 852.13 for Subarachnoid hemorrhage following injury with open intracranial wound with moderate (1-24 hours) loss of consciousness is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -INTRACRANIAL INJURY, EXCLUDING THOSE WITH SKULL FRACTURE (850-854). (aapc.com)
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intracerebral hematomas and subarachnoid hemorrhage were created by injecting autologous blood in 9 rabbits. (diva-portal.org)
  • CONCLUSION: Susceptibility-weighted GRE imaging at 1.5 T is highly sensitive to both hyperacute hemorrhage in the brain parenchyma and to subarachnoid and intraventricular hemorrhage. (diva-portal.org)
  • The goal in this study was to compare flat-panel detector (FD) CT with multislice (MS) CT in the visualization of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), intraventricular hemorrhage, and external ventricular drains (EVDs) to evaluate the diagnostic quality and limitations of the new FD CT imaging modality. (thejns.org)
  • Hoff, Julian T. 1999-11-01 00:00:00 AbstractOBJECTIVE:Anticoagulation-treated patients presenting with intracranial hemorrhage, including subdural hematoma, epidural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and intracerebral hemorrhage, require urgent correction of their coagulopathy to prevent worsening hemorrhage and to facilitate surgical intervention when necessary. (deepdyve.com)
  • Intracerebral bleeds are often misdiagnosed as subarachnoid hemorrhages due to the similarity in symptoms and signs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This category includes intraparenchymal hemorrhage, or bleeding within the brain tissue, and intraventricular hemorrhage, bleeding within the brain's ventricles (particularly of premature infants). (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and extension of parenchymal bleeding into the ventricles (ie, intraventricular hemorrhage [IVH]) are detailed here. (medscape.com)
  • Intraventricular hemorrhage occurs in one third of intracerebral hemorrhage cases from extension of thalamic ganglionic bleeding into the ventricular space. (medscape.com)
  • Isolated intraventricular hemorrhage frequently arise from subependymal structures including the germinal matrix, AVMs, and cavernous angiomas. (medscape.com)
  • Hallevi et al reviewed the charts and CT scans of patients with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) to determine if the extension of the hemorrhage could be measured. (medscape.com)
  • Gross A et al Intraventricular hemorrhage originating from choroids plexues angioma in a road accident victim. (springer.com)
  • More recent imaging-based studies show an inverse relationship between gestational age at birth and the incidence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), ranging from 40-50% of neonates at less than 26 weeks' gestation to fewer than 5% of neonates at more than 32 weeks' gestation. (medscape.com)
  • thus, germinal matrix hemorrhage (GMH) may result in intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), intraparenchymal hemorrhage, or both. (medscape.com)
  • Severe hypoxic-ischemic insults can cause intraventricular hemorrhage in full-term neonates. (millerandzois.com)
  • Neonatal cerebrovascular accidents have classically been reported in the literature to bleeding events related to preterm birth, intraventricular hemorrhage being the most common variety in this age range [ 1 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • There is intraventricular hemorrhage noted with hemorrhage into the lateral ventricles, the third and the fourth ventricles. (sciencephoto.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage is seen less frequently with dural than with intraparenchymal arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). (nih.gov)
  • The most frequent type of intracranial hemorrhage was the intraparenchymal hemorrhage in 10/31 cases and bilateral hemispheric location was found in 14/31. (omicsonline.org)
  • Intraparenchymal hemorrhage was the most common variety and lower psychomotor delay was observed until the time of the study in relation to the literature. (omicsonline.org)
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage can occur spontaneously as a ruptured sacc ular aneurysm, Sub-Arachnoid Hemorrhage, Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage, or via trauma such as in an Epidural/Subdural Hematoma. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the MR appearance of intracranial, especially intraparenchymal, hemorrhage during the first 6 hours after bleeding with various pulse sequences in an animal model. (diva-portal.org)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), also known as cerebral bleed and intraparenchymal bleed, is a sudden bleeding into the tissues of the brain, into its ventricles, or into both. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intraparenchymal hemorrhage can be recognized on CT scans because blood appears brighter than other tissue and is separated from the inner table of the skull by brain tissue. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intra-axial hemorrhage is bleeding within the brain itself, or cerebral hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multivariate analysis revealed three independent prognostic factors: prolonged prothrombin time ( P = 0.008), SAH ( P = 0.021), and multifocal cerebral hemorrhage ( P = 0.026). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Dincsoy MY et al Intracranial hemorrhage in hypothalamic low-birth-weight neonates. (springer.com)
  • A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of full-term neonates found approximately a 25% incidence of asymptomatic intracranial hemorrhage after vaginal delivery. (medscape.com)
  • Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage in full-term neonates is much less common, in the range of 4 per 10,000 live births. (medscape.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage in hypothermic low-birth-weight neonates. (nih.gov)
  • We studied periventricular/intraventricular type intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) by cranial ultrasonography in 82 low-birth-weight (LBW) newborn infants with admission hypothermia against the gestational-age-matched 82 normothermic neonates. (nih.gov)
  • Retrospective study of term neonates diagnosed of intracranial hemorrhage in the first 28 days of life in a third level hospital between January 2008 and December 2015. (omicsonline.org)
  • The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of intracranial hemorrhage and other major bleeds in neonates with moderate and severe hemophilia in relationship to mode of delivery and known family history. (haematologica.org)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage of term neonates with severe von Willebrand disease type 3 and near normal delivery have not been published to date. (haematologica.org)
  • METHODS: A total of 374 neonates with suspected intracranial hemorrhage from January 2017 to December 2019 were selected to be primarily screened by cranial ultrasonography and then diagnosed by cranial CT scan. (minervamedica.it)
  • Two cases of spinal epidural hematoma and two cases of intracranial subdural hematoma after lumbar puncture (LP) are reported in children receiving chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (nih.gov)
  • The overall incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage has declined since the 1950s. (medscape.com)
  • Asian countries have a higher incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage than other regions of the world. (medscape.com)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage has a higher incidence among populations with a higher frequency of hypertension, including African Americans. (medscape.com)
  • A higher incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage has been noted in Chinese, Japanese, and other Asian populations, possibly due to environmental factors (eg, a diet rich in fish oils) and/or genetic factors. (medscape.com)
  • The true incidence of perinatal intracranial hemorrhage is not known. (medscape.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage is an uncommon but important cause of morbidity and mortality in term newborns of unknown incidence. (omicsonline.org)
  • The study's main outcome was the incidence rate ratios (RRs) of intracranial hemorrhage stratified by current use of SSRIs vs. TCAs as well as strong vs. weak serotonin reuptake inhibitors. (empr.com)
  • There were no differences observed in the cumulative incidence of intracranial hemorrhage at 1 year in the enoxaparin and control cohorts for measurable (19% vs 21%, Gray test P=0.97, HR 1.02 [90%CI 0.66-1.59]), significant (21% vs 22%, P=0.87), and total (44% vs 37%, P=0.13) intracranial hemorrhages. (bloodjournal.org)
  • Objectives The study defined the incidence of cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) and the risk factors for their development following carotid artery stenting (CAS). (onlinejacc.org)
  • Incidence and Prognostic Impact of Intracranial Hemorrhage after Endovascular Treatment for Acute Large Vessel Occlusion. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal intracranial hemorrhage can be well diagnosed by cranial ultrasonography which timely provides evidence for clinicians, thereby elevating the cure rate and reducing the mortality rate and incidence rate of sequelae. (minervamedica.it)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage in association with thrombolytic therapy: incidence and clinical predictive factors. (semanticscholar.org)
  • All patients had spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage: a guideline for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. (medscape.com)
  • Guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage in adults: 2007 update: a guideline from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, High Blood Pressure Research Council, and the Quality of Care and Outcomes in Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. (medscape.com)
  • High blood pressure raises the risks of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage by two to six times. (wikipedia.org)
  • CT scan (computed tomography) is the definitive tool for accurate diagnosis of an intracranial hemorrhage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensitivity of computed tomography for sub-arachnoid hemorrhage. (springer.com)
  • TUESDAY, Oct. 22, 2019 (HealthDay News) - A deep learning algorithm has accuracy comparable to that of radiologists for the diagnosis of acute intracranial hemorrhage on head computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online Oct. 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . (physiciansweekly.com)
  • In this study, we compared the use of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) with that of Factor IX complex concentrate (FIXCC) to achieve rapid correction of warfarin anticoagulationMETHODS:Patients admitted to a tertiary care center with computed tomography-proven intracranial hemorrhage and a prothrombin time of more than 17 seconds were considered for inclusion in the study protocol. (deepdyve.com)
  • METFIODS: Patients admitted to a tertiary care center with computed tomography-proven intracranial hemorrhage and a prothrombin time of more than 17 seconds were considered for inclusion in the study protocol. (deepdyve.com)
  • Computed tomography revealed right-sided putamen hemorrhage (Fig. 1, Panel A). The patient had no risk factors for intracranial hemorrhage, including hypertension, older age, alcohol intake, and dyslipidemia. (efim.org)
  • We propose a novel method that combines a convolutional neural network (CNN) with a long short-term memory (LSTM) mechanism for accurate prediction of intracranial hemorrhage on computed tomography (CT) scans. (arxiv.org)
  • citation needed] Both computed tomography angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) have been proved to be effective in diagnosing intracranial vascular malformations after ICH. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracranial haemorrhage is a devastating cause of stroke.The theoretical rationale for lowering blood pressure is to decrease the risk of ongoing bleeding from ruptured small arteries and arterioles.Thank you for such a well written article. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • The market for global intracranial haemorrhage treatment is chiefly driven by factors such as rising cases of trauma, accidents, age related brain disorders, cancer etc. (medgadget.com)
  • More than half of all cases of intracranial hemorrhage is the result of hypertension. (wikipedia.org)
  • To alleviate the increased intracranial pressure associated with intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebri), a lumbar puncture is used to reduce the volume of CSF. (medscape.com)
  • 3,4 Factors that influence hematoma evolution include location (intra- or extra-axial, gray versus white matter), size (punctuate versus confluent, unifocal versus multifocal), etiology (arterial versus venous, trauma versus hypertension), and temporal occurrence of hemorrhage (acute event versus multistaged, recurrent hemorrhage). (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • 1. "Traumatic Intracranial Hypertension. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • Isovolume hypertonic solutes (sodium chloride or mannitol) in the treatment of refractory posttraumatic intracranial hypertension: 2 mL/kg 7.5% saline is more effective than 2 mL/kg 20% mannitol. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • Although hemorrhage was relatively infrequent (7.5%) with dural AVMs located primarily within a major venous sinus, bleeding episodes occurred in 20 of the 39 (51%) cases of malformation outside a major sinus. (nih.gov)
  • We report on a term newborn with severe type 3 VWD who suffered a large intracranial bleeding presumably subsequent to sinus venous thrombosis. (haematologica.org)
  • There are two types of in intracranial hemorrhaging: arterial bleeding, in which there is loss of oxygen to the issues that carry blood to the heart, and venous bleeding, a hemorrhage that affects the veins that are responsible for returning blood to the heart. (birthinjuryguide.org)
  • Nonpenetrating and penetrating cranial trauma are also common causes of intracerebral hemorrhage.Patients who experience blunt head trauma and subsequently receive warfarin or clopidogrel are considered at increased risk for traumatic intracranial hemorrhage. (medscape.com)
  • According to one study, patients receiving clopidogrel have a significantly higher prevalence of immediate traumatic intracranial hemorrhage compared with patients receiving warfarin. (medscape.com)
  • Delayed traumatic intracranial hemorrhage is rare and occurred only in patients receiving warfarin. (medscape.com)
  • Sodium lactate versus mannitol in the treatment of intracranial hypertensive episodes in severe traumatic brain-injured patients. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • Detailed cerebrovascular imaging can evaluate the relationship of intracranial foreign bodies to major vascular structures, assess for traumatic pseudoaneurysms, and ensure hemostasis during surgical removal. (frontiersin.org)
  • Weicheng Kuo, Ph.D., from the University of California Berkeley, and colleagues trained a fully convolutional neural network to detect neurologic emergencies (e.g., traumatic brain injury, stroke, and aneurysmal hemorrhage) utilizing 4,396 head CT scans performed at the University of California at San Francisco and affiliated hospitals. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Characterizing the type and location of intracranial abnormalities in mild traumatic brain injury. (annals.org)
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage, Traumatic" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (umassmed.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Intracranial Hemorrhage, Traumatic" by people in this website by year, and whether "Intracranial Hemorrhage, Traumatic" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (umassmed.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Intracranial Hemorrhage, Traumatic" by people in Profiles. (umassmed.edu)
  • From December 2016 to March 2018, we reviewed daily reports of all admissions with primary diagnosis of any non-traumatic sub-arachnoid hemorrhage (NT-SAH) in our institute which is an academic tertiary center with full service neurosurgery and INR team. (cns.org)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage : Diagnosis, prognosis, acute treatment and secondary prophylaxis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The aim of this study is to analyze the etiological factors, evolution and neurological prognosis of term new-borns affected by intracranial hemorrhage and epidemiological data associated with our series, in order to understand better the clinical characteristics of these patients and avoid prolonged diagnosis. (omicsonline.org)
  • We report 6 cases of intracranial hemorrhage among our past 10 patients with dural AVMs. (nih.gov)
  • A literature search provided 27 other cases of intracranial hemorrhage from a total of 213 reported dural AVMs. (nih.gov)
  • A total of 3,036 cases of intracranial hemorrhage were identified during the follow-up period and were matched to 89,702 controls. (empr.com)
  • It is suggested that the initiation of therapy with autonomic blocking drugs, as soon as possible after the onset of intracranial hemorrhage in patients, may be useful in preventing myocardial damage and cardiac arrhythmias. (ahajournals.org)
  • The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) was excessively prolonged (from 81 s to more than 150 s) in all patients at onset of intracranial hemorrhage. (annals.org)
  • No difference in neurological outcomes was detected between groups, but a higher complication rate was observed for the FFP-treated group.CONCLUSION:The use of FIXCC accelerated correction of warfarin-related anticoagulation in the presence of intracranial hemorrhage. (deepdyve.com)
  • Here we present an unusual case of papillary neuroepithelial tumor of the pineal region in a 40-year-old man who was admitted in a state of unconsciousness due to the presence of intracranial hemorrhage. (minervamedica.it)
  • the mean time of diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhage was 2.2 days from headache onset and the mean time to diagnosis of vasoconstriction was 6.6 days. (ahajournals.org)
  • Studies have identified many risk factors for the development of intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants, such as low gestational age (LGA) and birth weight, maternal chorioamnionitis and other infections or inflammation, lack of antenatal steroid exposure, hypotension, hypoxemia, hypercapnia, pneumothorax, respiratory distress syndrome, and many others. (medscape.com)
  • In our series hypoxia and/or dystocia were the factors most frequently associated with the development of intracranial hemorrhage and seizures, apnea and anemia were the more common signs of presentation. (omicsonline.org)
  • HOUSTON, TX-There's no such thing as a good intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), but a new analysis hints that patients who have one might be better off if they're taking a non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) rather than warfarin at the time. (tctmd.com)
  • Nevertheless, "it at least suggests that the [NOAC-related] hemorrhages are no more severe and may be actually less severe than warfarin-related hemorrhages," he continued. (tctmd.com)
  • Use of Factor IX Complex in Warfarin-related Intracranial Hemorrhage Boulis, Nicholas M. (deepdyve.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) accounts for 10% to 15% of all strokes and has higher rates of morbidity and mortality than do ischemic strokes of similar volume ( 1 ). (ajnr.org)
  • Intracerebral hemorrhage, a type of hemorrhagic stroke, was first distinguished from ischemic strokes due to insufficient blood flow, so called "leaks and plugs", in 1823. (wikipedia.org)
  • Xi G et al Intracerebral hemorrhage, pathophysiology and therapy. (springer.com)
  • Auer RN, Sutherland GR. Primary intracerebral hemorrhage: pathophysiology. (medscape.com)
  • The timely recognition of hemorrhages, particularly of extracerebral hematomas, accompanying head injuries is a matter of life and death for the patient. (springer.com)
  • Intracranial hematomas follow well-described, predictable pathophysiological processes of evolution and resorption (Figures 1 and 2). (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • The intracerebral hematomas were predominantly of lobar location, and two patients had multiple simultaneous hemorrhages. (annals.org)
  • Neonatal Intracranial Hemorrhage (ICH) (sometimes called a "brain bleed") is a bleeding inside the brain of the newborn. (millerandzois.com)
  • We aimed to explore the feasibility and accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography for the quantitative evaluation of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage. (minervamedica.it)
  • 3D ultrasonography is feasible and accurate for the quantitative evaluation of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage, thus being of great significance to prognostic determination in clinical practice. (minervamedica.it)
  • Li X, Zhao F, Bai X, Wang X. Application value of cranial ultrasonography in quantitative evaluation of neonatal intracranial hemorrhage. (minervamedica.it)
  • Each year, intracerebral hemorrhage affects approximately 12-15 per 100,000 individuals, including 350 hypertensive hemorrhages per 100,000 elderly individuals. (medscape.com)
  • The 2010 AHA/ASA guidelines for spontaneous ICH recommend that after acute intracerebral hemorrhage, patients without medical contraindications should have BP well controlled, especially for hemorrhage in typical hypertensive vasculopathy locations. (medscape.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage in the hypertensive patient. (medscape.com)
  • All intracranial hemorrhages (ICH) share some classic clinical features. (saem.org)
  • December 6, 2018 -- An artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm can detect all types of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) on noncontrast head CT studies, showing potential for use in all clinical scenarios that involve detecting and tracking this critical condition, according to research presented at the recent RSNA 2018 meeting in Chicago. (auntminnie.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage complicating acute stroke: how common is hemorrhagic stroke on initial head CT scan and how often is initial clinical diagnosis of acute stroke eventually confirmed? (medscape.com)
  • In particular, the team looked at randomized clinical trials that compared low-dose aspirin with a control and recorded the endpoints of intracranial hemorrhage separately for the two groups. (naturalnews.com)
  • Each case was analyzed in relation to gestational age, obstetric history and type and instrumentalization of delivery and we have also recorded the clinical, analytical data and neuroimaging test performed, which is the basis for diagnosis and classification according to the location of intracranial hemorrhage. (omicsonline.org)
  • We report here clinical and neuroimaging findings from a patient with an intracranial nail gun injury, a communicating ventricular tract hemorrhage upon nail removal, and a delayed pseudoaneurysm, whose treatment was augmented with neuroendovascular techniques. (frontiersin.org)
  • This preliminary effort should generate meaningful clinical prognostic indicators for moderate size hemorrhages in large scale studies. (ajnr.org)
  • The researchers found that the algorithm demonstrated the highest accuracy to date for this clinical application, with a receiver operating characteristic area under the curve of 0.991 for identification of acute intracranial hemorrhage. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Clinical characteristics and outcomes of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) among adult patients with various hematological malignancies are limited. (biomedcentral.com)
  • International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes were used to identify index cases of ICH, intracranial procedures, and comorbidities. (ovid.com)
  • What are the clinical characteristics of patients treated with rivaroxaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), who experienced intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) events? (acc.org)
  • The median time interval between the start of thrombolytic therapy and the first clinical signs of intracranial bleeding was 16 h (range 3 to 36). (semanticscholar.org)
  • 3 The Intracranial Hemorrhage or Cerebral Infarction episode-based cost measure was recommended for development by an expert clinician committee-the Neuropsychiatric Disease Management Clinical Subcommittee-because of its high impact in terms of patient population and Medicare spending, and the opportunity for incentivizing cost-effective, highquality clinical care in this area. (mdinteractive.com)
  • What are the AHA/ASA treatment guidelines for spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in hemorrhagic stroke? (medscape.com)
  • Rapid recognition of intracranial hemorrhage, leading to prompt appropriate treatment of patients with acute stroke symptoms, can prevent or mitigate major disability or death," says co-author Michael Lev, MD, MGH Radiology. (gehealthcare.com)
  • Effects of hypertonic saline hydroxyethyl starch solution and mannitol in patients with increased intracranial pressure after stroke. (lasvegasemr.com)
  • A prospective cohort study showed that those with NOAC-related hemorrhages presented with a smaller hematoma volume, less severe stroke symptoms, and a lower rate of severe ICH than did patients who were taking a vitamin K antagonist (VKA), Georgios Tsivgoulis, MD, PhD (University of Athens, Greece), reported at the International Stroke Conference held here last week. (tctmd.com)
  • Intra-axial hemorrhages are more dangerous and harder to treat than extra-axial bleeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • How are brain bleeds (intracranial hemorrhage) diagnosed? (clevelandclinic.org)
  • What Is Brain Hemorrhage (Intracranial Bleeds)? (healthcommunities.com)
  • Twenty intracranial hemorrhages (2.2%) and 44 other major bleeds (4.8%) occurred. (haematologica.org)
  • There was no significant difference in frequency for intracranial hemorrhages and major bleeds between a planned Cesarean section and a planned vaginal delivery. (haematologica.org)
  • Children with a family history of hemophilia (n=466) were more likely to be born by Cesarean section (35.8% vs . 27.6%), but no difference in the rate of intracranial hemorrhages or major bleeds was found. (haematologica.org)
  • A carrier may have an increased bleeding risk herself that might need to be taken into account in the obstetric planning but, from the fetal point of view, the key question is how the mode of delivery may impact on the risk of major bleeds, and in particular intracranial hemorrhages (ICH). (haematologica.org)
  • Less common causes of intracranial hemorrhage are bleeding disorders (particularly those that require blood-thinning medication) and abnormal arteries or veins (arteriovenous malformations). (dignityhealth.org)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), also known as intracranial bleed, is bleeding within the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • From previous studies, we know that dysregulation of autonomic system plays an important role in intracranial hemorrhage. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), comprising of microRNAs (miRNAs), small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), play an important role in intracranial aneurysms and SAH. (degruyter.com)
  • Hemorrhage itself is associated with sympathoexcitation, and patients who develop rebleeding or infarction complications are found to have an even higher degree of sympathetic storm. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This manuscript reports Bacillus cereus sepsis in two cases with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who suffered complications of fatal intracranial hemorrhage during remission induction therapy. (nih.gov)
  • Worldwide Intracranial Hemorrhage Diagnosis and Treatment Market 2018 provide past and estimate future revenue of the market's segments and sub-segments with respect to four main geographies and their countries - Americas, Europe, Asia-Pacific along with Middle East & Africa. (medgadget.com)
  • A doctor will examine you immediately if any type of brain hemorrhage is suspected. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Arizona's finest neurological care is available at Dignity Health, including for brain hemorrhage, throughout Arizona. (dignityhealth.org)
  • Bleeding in or around the brain is classified further as cerebral (brain) hemorrhage. (dignityhealth.org)
  • What Causes Brain Hemorrhage? (healthcommunities.com)
  • An increasingly recognized cause of brain hemorrhage in the elderly is amyloid angiopathy. (healthcommunities.com)
  • Call an ambulance if you develop symptoms of a brain hemorrhage. (healthcommunities.com)
  • Brain hemorrhage is a medical EMERGENCY Call an ambulance immediately. (healthcommunities.com)
  • Intracranial hemorrhage is a serious medical emergency because the buildup of blood within the skull can lead to increases in intracranial pressure, which can crush delicate brain tissue or limit its blood supply. (wikipedia.org)
  • Severe increases in intracranial pressure (ICP) can cause brain herniation, in which parts of the brain are squeezed past structures in the skull. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracranial bleeding occurs when a blood vessel within the skull is ruptured or leaks. (wikipedia.org)
  • Extra-axial hemorrhage, bleeding that occurs within the skull but outside of the brain tissue, falls into three subtypes: Epidural hemorrhage (extradural hemorrhage) which occur between the dura mater (the outermost meninx) and the skull, is caused by trauma. (wikipedia.org)
  • From healthline.com: "Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) refers to acute bleeding inside your skull or brain. (infowars.com)
  • A patient's blood pressure can rapidly increase due to intracranial hemorrhage (bleeding within the skull). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An intracranial hemorrhage is bleeding inside the skull (cranium). (dignityhealth.org)
  • An intracranial hemorrhage occurs when an artery inside the skull leaks or ruptures. (dignityhealth.org)
  • The model was neither sensitive nor specific for atraumatic brain abnormalities, isolated skull fractures, or chronic intracranial hemorrhage. (luriechildrens.org)
  • The following list attempts to classify Other closed skull fracture with other and unspecified intracranial hemorrhage, with prolonged [more than 24 hours] loss of consciousness and return to pre-existing conscious level into categories where each line is subset of the next. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage is an absolute emergency in the field of neurosurgery, and it is also a devastating event that commonly results in major neurological disabilities or mortalities. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The etiology of intracranial hemorrhage in infants varies according to the location of the hemorrhage and the gestational age of the infant. (medscape.com)
  • Alternatively, intracranial hemorrhage can be thought of in terms of the underlying cause, although in most cases the same etiology can result in multiple different patterns of hemorrhage. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Given the number of studies that have investigated the subject of intracerebral hemorrhage, there are still many research questions unanswered, including prevention and treatment of progressive hemorrhage, indications for surgical intervention, secondary prophylaxis and also treatment of intracerebral hemorrhage in patients with new anticoagulants. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Amyloid angiopathy is a not uncommon cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in patients over the age of 55. (wikipedia.org)
  • To assess the risk of intracranial hemorrhage associated with the administration of therapeutic doses of low molecular heparin, we performed a matched, retrospective cohort study of 293 cancer patients with brain metastasis (104 with therapeutic enoxaparin and 189 controls). (bloodjournal.org)
  • intracranial hemorrhage occurred between 2 and 14 hours after tPA infusion ended and between 3 and 17 hours after heparin therapy was started. (annals.org)
  • Factors possibly related to hemorrhage include a systemic fibrinolytic state or a platelet anti-aggregant effect produced by tPA and enhanced hemorrhagic tendency caused by the combined effects of tPA and heparin. (annals.org)
  • Vasogenic edema may develop within adjacent brain tissue in the case of an intra-axial hemorrhage. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • SSRIs have been previously linked to an increase in intracranial hemorrhage, however, whether antidepressants that are strong inhibitors of serotonin reuptake actually raise the risk for intracranial hemorrhage is still unknown. (empr.com)
  • The 8th World IntraCranial Hemorrhage Conference (WICH 2020) is dedicated to significant new developments and scientific advancements in the field of intracranial hemorrhage. (clocate.com)
  • The 8th World IntraCranial Hemorrhage Conference (WICH 2020) might be held in May 2020 (Not Final). (clocate.com)
  • Ultrasound, CT, MRI, and DSA are well-established sensitive methods of identifying and evaluating intracranial hemorrhages. (diagnosticimaging.com)
  • Anticoagulant therapy, as well as disorders with blood clotting can heighten the risk that an intracranial hemorrhage will occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results showed that compared with patients taking [the older] tricyclic antidepressants, patients being treated with SSRIs had a 17 percent increased risk of experiencing an intracranial hemorrhage. (infowars.com)
  • Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is a life-threatening disease in which intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is the major risk. (jci.org)
  • Patients with glioma receiving therapeutic anticoagulation had a greater than threefold risk for intracranial hemorrhage, according to the results of a meta-analysis. (healio.com)
  • However, patients receiving anticoagulation for brain metastases did not have an increased intracranial hemorrhage risk, results showed. (healio.com)
  • However, the routine use of anticoagulation remains controversial due to the increased risk for intracranial hemorrhage in patients with brain tumors. (healio.com)
  • Jeffrey I. Zwicker, MD, associate professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and member of the developmental therapeutics unit at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis of nine retrospective cohort studies to determine whether therapeutic anticoagulation was associated with an increased risk for intracranial hemorrhage in this patient population. (healio.com)
  • While anticoagulation may increase the risk for intracranial hemorrhage in patients with glioma, higher quality studies are required in order to better evaluate the absolute increased risk associated with therapeutic anticoagulation," Zwicker and colleagues wrote. (healio.com)
  • Natural News ) Taking aspirin could potentially increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage, even among people without symptomatic cardiovascular disease. (naturalnews.com)
  • For the review, the team investigated the link between low-dose aspirin use and intracranial hemorrhage risk. (naturalnews.com)
  • They used a 95-percent confidence interval for relative risk as a measure of aspirin vs control on risk of intracranial hemorrhage. (naturalnews.com)
  • Based on data from the random-effect estimate, low-dose aspirin was linked to an increased risk of any intracranial bleeding. (naturalnews.com)
  • The greatest relative risk increase that the researchers identified was for subdural or extradural hemorrhage. (naturalnews.com)
  • In sum, low-dose aspirin was linked to an overall increased risk of intracranial hemorrhages. (naturalnews.com)
  • As the use of vitamin K antagonists is increased, the risk of anticoagulant-related intracranial hemorrhage(ICH) is emphasized. (ersjournals.com)
  • This large series (for a fairly rare condition) allowed the authors not only to describe the patterns of bleeding but also to investigate the risk factors for hemorrhage in RCVS. (ahajournals.org)
  • Indeed, patients with Alzheimer's disease are at greater risk for amyloidrelated brain hemorrhages. (healthcommunities.com)
  • There has been a potentially increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) in patients receiving bevacizumab. (virtualtrials.com)
  • For detection of recurrence, however, it may be necessary to follow up with the patient regularly after the initial operation for intracranial aneurysms, because re-rupture of an aneurysm can cause a fatal result, and the cumulative risk of a recurrent SAH is thought to be not low over time. (koreamed.org)
  • A new study published in JAMA Neurology reports that treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and antidepressants in general with strong inhibition of serotonin reuptake is associated with a greater risk of intracranial hemorrhage. (empr.com)
  • Researchers from the Jewish General Hospital and McGill University set out to evaluate the risk for intracranial hemorrhage with the use of SSRIs vs. tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) among new users. (empr.com)
  • The study found that current SSRI use was associated with a higher risk for intracranial hemorrhage (RR 1.17, 95% CI: 1.02-1.35) vs. TCAs, with highest risk during the first 30 days of use (RR 1.44, 95% CI: 1.04-1.99). (empr.com)
  • The risk for intracranial hemorrhage was 25% higher with the use of strong inhibitors (RR 1.25, 95% CI: 1.01-1.54) and was at the highest during the first 30 days of use (RR 1.68, 95% CI: 0.90-3.12). (empr.com)
  • Therapeutic anticoagulation in patients with brain metastasis did not increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. (bloodjournal.org)
  • We conclude that intracranial hemorrhage is frequently observed in patients with brain metastases but that therapeutic anticoagulation does not increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. (bloodjournal.org)
  • carry] a lower risk of having an intracranial hemorrhage. (tctmd.com)
  • One is lower risk of having a hemorrhage in the first place, and secondly, there's at least a suggestion that the outcome if you do have one may not be as bad. (tctmd.com)
  • When pooling results with two other studies, the investigators showed that NOAC-related hemorrhages had smaller volumes at admission, carried a lower risk of in-hospital mortality, and tended to result in a lower rate of hematoma expansion. (tctmd.com)
  • Such therapy may increase the risk of hemorrhage in patients who require concurrent external ventricular drainage and/or subsequent permanent cerebrospinal fluid diversion. (thejns.org)
  • The necessity of dual antiplatelet therapy in the use of stent-assisted coil embolization increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage and possibly rebleeding from a ruptured aneurysm. (thejns.org)
  • Main Outcomes and Measures: A mathematical model that can predict acute intracranial hemorrhage in infants at increased risk of abusive head trauma. (luriechildrens.org)
  • What is the performance of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in reducing risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH)? (acc.org)
  • To assess the possible risk factors associated with in-hospital death and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage among patients who received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. (cdc.gov)
  • HealthDay News -- Of more than four million people prescribed a first-time antidepressant , those who also used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) had a higher risk of intracranial hemorrhage within the next month, according to a report published in The BMJ . (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Byung-Joo Park, MD, PhD, MPH, a professor of preventive medicine at the Seoul National University College of Medicine in South Korea, and colleagues looked at whether the two drug types , used together, might increase the risk of intracranial hemorrhage. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Park also pointed out that the study looked at the risk of intracranial hemorrhage within 30 days. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • The Intracranial Hemorrhage or Cerebral Infarction episode-based cost measure evaluates a clinician's risk-adjusted cost to Medicare for beneficiaries who receive inpatient treatment for cerebral infarction or intracranial hemorrhage during the performance period. (mdinteractive.com)
  • The question of whether there is a difference in terms of the severity of those hemorrhages based on the type of anticoagulation remains open, he said. (tctmd.com)
  • Most bevacizumab-related ICH occurs into central nervous system tumors but spontaneous hemorrhages were seen. (virtualtrials.com)
  • Significant intracranial hemorrhage occurs in 20-50% of patients with metastatic brain tumors. (bloodjournal.org)
  • If a hemorrhage occurs in the brain in infants before, during, or shortly after birth, several parts of the brain that are important for development and motor skills can become impaired. (birthinjuryguide.org)
  • This article will review intracranial hemorrhages that may occur in the perinatal period. (medscape.com)
  • Considering all these factors the market for intracranial hemorrhage diagnosis and treatment is expected to reach $ 1.9 billion by the end of 2023, this market is projected to growing at a CAGR of ~ 6.1 % during 2017-2023. (medgadget.com)
  • Hemorrhage in intracranial epidermoid cyst. (ajnr.org)
  • In preterm infants of less than 32 weeks' gestation, the most common source of intracranial hemorrhage is the germinal matrix. (medscape.com)
  • Objective: To identify and validate a set of biomarkers that could be the basis of a multivariable model to identify intracranial hemorrhage in well-appearing infants using the Ziplex System. (luriechildrens.org)
  • Conclusion and Relevance: The Biomarkers for Infant Brain Injury Score, a multivariable model using 3 serum biomarker concentrations and serum hemoglobin, can identify infants with acute intracranial hemorrhage. (luriechildrens.org)
  • Accurate and timely identification of intracranial hemorrhage in infants without a history of trauma in whom trauma may not be part of the differential diagnosis has the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality from abusive head trauma. (luriechildrens.org)

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