Epidemiologic investigations designed to test a hypothesized cause-effect relation by modifying the supposed causal factor(s) in the study population.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Action taken to reduce susceptibility or exposure to health problems and to detect and treat disease in early stages.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
A family of percutaneous techniques that are used to manage CORONARY OCCLUSION, including standard balloon angioplasty (PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY), the placement of intracoronary STENTS, and atheroablative technologies (e.g., ATHERECTOMY; ENDARTERECTOMY; THROMBECTOMY; PERCUTANEOUS TRANSLUMINAL LASER ANGIOPLASTY). PTCA was the dominant form of PCI, before the widespread use of stenting.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Studies to determine the advantages or disadvantages, practicability, or capability of accomplishing a projected plan, study, or project.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
A regimen or plan of physical activities designed and prescribed for specific therapeutic goals. Its purpose is to restore normal musculoskeletal function or to reduce pain caused by diseases or injuries.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Precise and detailed plans for the study of a medical or biomedical problem and/or plans for a regimen of therapy.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
An instrument for reproducing sounds especially articulate speech at a distance. (Webster, 3rd ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
A form of group psychotherapy. It involves treatment of more than one member of the family simultaneously in the same session.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
Educational institutions.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
An infant during the first month after birth.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.
Criteria and standards used for the determination of the appropriateness of the inclusion of patients with specific conditions in proposed treatment plans and the criteria used for the inclusion of subjects in various clinical trials and other research protocols.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Persons trained to assist professional health personnel in communicating with residents in the community concerning needs and availability of health services.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A form of therapy in which two or more patients participate under the guidance of one or more psychotherapists for the purpose of treating emotional disturbances, social maladjustments, and psychotic states.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.
Systems used to prompt or aid the memory. The systems can be computerized reminders, color coding, telephone calls, or devices such as letters and postcards.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Counseling during which a professional plays an active role in a client's or patient's decision making by offering advice, guidance, and/or recommendations.
A way of providing health care that is guided by a thoughtful integration of the best available scientific knowledge with clinical expertise. This approach allows the practitioner to critically assess research data, clinical guidelines, and other information resources in order to correctly identify the clinical problem, apply the most high-quality intervention, and re-evaluate the outcome for future improvement.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Specific practices for the prevention of disease or mental disorders in susceptible individuals or populations. These include HEALTH PROMOTION, including mental health; protective procedures, such as COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CONTROL; and monitoring and regulation of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS. Primary prevention is to be distinguished from SECONDARY PREVENTION and TERTIARY PREVENTION.
Therapeutic modalities frequently used in PHYSICAL THERAPY SPECIALTY by PHYSICAL THERAPISTS or physiotherapists to promote, maintain, or restore the physical and physiological well-being of an individual.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Delivery of health services via remote telecommunications. This includes interactive consultative and diagnostic services.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in taking drugs or medicine as prescribed. This includes timing, dosage, and frequency.
Organizations which provide an environment encouraging social interactions through group activities or individual relationships especially for the purpose of rehabilitating or supporting patients, individuals with common health problems, or the elderly. They include therapeutic social clubs.
Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The attainment or process of attaining a new level of performance or quality.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Sexual activities of humans.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Collaborative process of research involving researchers and community representatives.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
A traditional term for all the activities which a physician or other health care professional normally performs to insure the coordination of the medical services required by a patient. It also, when used in connection with managed care, covers all the activities of evaluating the patient, planning treatment, referral, and follow-up so that care is continuous and comprehensive and payment for the care is obtained. (From Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The interactions between parent and child.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Female parents, human or animal.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Falls due to slipping or tripping which may result in injury.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Services providing counseling and activities that help overweight individuals to attain a more healthy body weight.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A measurement index derived from a modification of standard life-table procedures and designed to take account of the quality as well as the duration of survival. This index can be used in assessing the outcome of health care procedures or services. (BIOETHICS Thesaurus, 1994)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Published materials which provide an examination of recent or current literature. Review articles can cover a wide range of subject matter at various levels of completeness and comprehensiveness based on analyses of literature that may include research findings. The review may reflect the state of the art. It also includes reviews as a literary form.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
The exertion of a strong influence or control over others in a variety of settings--administrative, social, academic, etc.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A form of therapy that employs a coordinated and interdisciplinary approach for easing the suffering and improving the quality of life of those experiencing pain.
Research carried out by nurses that uses interviews, data collection, observation, surveys, etc., to evaluate nursing, health, clinical, and nursing education programs and curricula, and which also demonstrates the value of such evaluation.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Drugs or agents which antagonize or impair any mechanism leading to blood platelet aggregation, whether during the phases of activation and shape change or following the dense-granule release reaction and stimulation of the prostaglandin-thromboxane system.
General and comprehensive nursing practice directed to individuals, families, or groups as it relates to and contributes to the health of a population or community. This is not an official program of a Public Health Department.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Communication between CELL PHONE users via the Short Message Service protocol which allows the interchange of short written messages.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.
Manipulation of the behavior of persons or animals by biomedical, physical, psychological, or social means, including for nontherapeutic reasons.
An activity in which the body advances at a slow to moderate pace by moving the feet in a coordinated fashion. This includes recreational walking, walking for fitness, and competitive race-walking.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Heroic intervention at the end of life. Issue #3-Reducing payment system costs[edit]. Mention also that under our current ... This reduces competition and increases their influence in the political system.. *CEO and Chairman of the Board roles are often ... No heroic interventions if quality of life will not be improved. Prioritized spending within a defined limit. What in life is ... Nobody wants to hear it, but if you had a carbon tax, you would reduce the total amount of carbon put in the air." See ...
Interventions to reduce environmental tobacco smoke. A systematic review compared smoking control programmes and their effects ... Circulatory system: risk of heart disease,[17][18] reduced heart rate variability.[19]*Epidemiological studies have shown that ... "CDC - Fact Sheet - Smoke-Free Policies Reduce Smoking - Smoking & Tobacco Use". Smoking and Tobacco Use. Retrieved 2015-04-24. ... Hopkins DP, Razi S, Leeks KD, Priya Kalra G, Chattopadhyay SK, Soler RE (2010). "Smokefree policies to reduce tobacco use. A ...
Education reduces recidivism rates which can reduce cost of incarceration as well as reduce the number of people who commit ... allowing current trends to continue without additional intervention (maintaining the status-quo) ... Reducing recidivism among African Americans[edit]. A cultural re-grounding of African Americans is important to improve self- ... Parole services and mental-health courts may help to reduce this.[53][54] Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is partly ...
Education reduces recidivism rates which can reduce cost of incarceration as well as reduce the number of people who commit ... There have been hundreds of studies on the relationship between correctional interventions and recidivism. These studies show ... Reducing recidivism among African Americans[edit]. A cultural re-grounding of African Americans is important to improve self- ... The recidivism rate in California as of 2008-2009 is 61%.[48] Recidivism has reduced slightly in California from the years of ...
In one study conducted on Australian school children, known as the Transform-Us! study, interventions reduced the amount of ... "Workplace interventions for reducing sitting at work". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 12: CD010912. doi:10.1002/ ... There is no evidence for other types of interventions." There is no high-quality evidence that such interventions provide long- ... Life intervention for reducing daily sitting time in office workers: study protocol". BMC Public Health. 18 (1): 1120. doi: ...
This intervention, called indoor residual spraying (IRS), greatly reduces environmental damage. It also reduces the incidence ... Strengthening malaria control while reducing reliance on DDT. 2011".. *^ "MFI second page". Malaria Foundation International. ... For example, in Sri Lanka, the program reduced cases from about one million per year before spraying to just 18 in 1963[104][ ... When it was introduced in World War II, DDT was effective in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality.[30] WHO's anti-malaria ...
Founder, Crib Youth Intervention. For services to Reducing Re-offending. (London, Greater London) Lynda Morris Colston. ... For services to Reducing Crime and Improving Safety in Licensed Premises. (Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire) Colin Lester Balsam. For ... For services to Optometry in Prisons and Reducing Re-Offending. (Rochester, Kent) Robert Peter Douglas Miller. For services to ...
Research shows ways to reduce binge drinking or engage in dangerous driving. Some computer-based intervention appear to reduce ... can reduce the level of binge drinking.[75] In the US brief motivational interventions have shown some benefit in reducing ... Psychological and/or educational interventions for reducing alcohol consumption in pregnant women and women planning pregnancy ... Adolescents who misuse alcohol can benefit from interventions aimed at risk reduction. For more severe cases an intervention ...
Postvention is for people affected by an individual's suicide, this intervention facilitates grieving, guides to reduce guilt, ... "Interventions to reduce suicides at suicide hotspots: a systematic review". BMC Public Health. 13: 214. doi:10.1186/1471-2458- ... Suicide prevention strategies focus on reducing the risk factors and intervening strategically to reduce the level of risk. ... of health professionals and of related professionals to reduce the incidence of suicide. Beyond direct interventions to stop an ...
Primary interventions[edit]. Anticonvulsants[edit]. Pregabalin and gabapentin may reduce pain associated with diabetic ... Surgical Interventions[edit]. Orthopaedic interventions are frequently used to correct underlying pathology which may ... Secondary and research interventions[edit]. Botulinum toxin type A[edit]. Local intradermal injection of botulinum neurotoxin ... Gabapentin may reduce symptoms associated with neuropathic pain or fibromyalgia in some people.[21] There is no predictor test ...
A 2014 Cochrane review found that work-directed interventions combined with clinical interventions helped to reduce sick days ... Andrews G (July 2008). "Reducing the burden of depression". Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 53 (7): 420-27. doi:10.1177/ ... Besides exercise, sleep and diet may play a role in depression, and interventions in these areas may be an effective add-on to ... Behavioral interventions, such as interpersonal therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy, are effective at preventing new onset ...
Many things have been found to help at least some people, and a placebo effect may play a role in any intervention or ... Prevention programs have been shown to reduce depression.[4] Common mental disorders include depression, which affects about ... Other treatments include social interventions, peer support, and self-help. In a minority of cases there might be involuntary ... Remedial interventions have included careful individually tailored re-socialization programs, behavior therapy, environment ...
While it may seem to be evident that reducing exposure to media violence will reduce aggression, it is less clear what sorts of ... "The Impact of Media Violence on Children and Adolescents: Opportunities for Clinical Interventions". American Academy of Child ... Jason, L. A.; Danielewicz, J.; Mesina, A. (2005). "Reducing media viewing: Implications for behaviorists". Journal of Early and ... Beresin, E. (2010). The impact of media violence on children and adolescents: Opportunities for clinical interventions. ...
"Psychological Intervention Reduced Fear of Cancer Recurrence , Cancer Network , The Oncology Journal". www.cancernetwork.com. ... "Psychological Intervention Reduced Fear of Cancer Recurrence , Cancer Network , The Oncology Journal". www.cancernetwork.com. ...
Intervention to stop smoking and reduce stress may also be needed. Most people receive behavioral intervention, or vocal ... In children, surgical intervention is rare. Existing medical problems may be treated in an effort to reduce the strain and ... Polyps may be treated with medical, surgical, or behavioral intervention. Surgical intervention involves removing the polyp ... It has been statistically demonstrated that screening programs are effective in reducing the number of deaths caused by colon ...
Grobler, L; Siegfried, N; Visser, ME; Mahlungulu, SS; Volmink, J (2013). "Nutritional interventions for reducing morbidity and ...
Young claimed that such mismatches reduced the effectiveness of interventions.[37] Most of the literature addresses the level ... Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use;. *Improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ... The adoption of practices or interventions at a local scale can, in part, be explained by diffusion of innovation theory.[22] ... Hayek and Friedman believed in the superiority of the free market over state intervention. As long as the market was allowed to ...
Khomeini credits divine intervention on behalf of Islam. His prestige is greatly enhanced. Banisadr's is further reduced. April ...
Taiwan experience shows that reduced intervention can work. Li argues that without the same willingness in developing countries ... The evolution of fiscal policy in Taiwan has followed the same progression . . . with government intervention diminishing as ... the failure of political intervention in the market. Although the market structure was far from perfect at the beginning of ...
"Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence". Annual Review of Public Health. 39: 253-271. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth- ... In an effort to reduce drive-by shootings, LAPD initiated Operation Cul-de-Sac in 1991. This consisted of installing barriers ... As a result, homicides and assaults were greatly reduced. The program ended after two years, with violent crime rates returning ...
"Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence". Annual Review of Public Health. 39: 253-271. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth- ... Secondary prevention uses intervention techniques that are directed at youth who are at high risk to commit crime, and ... Waller uses these materials in Less Law, More Order to propose specific measures to reduce crime as well as a crime bill. The ... An evaluation of a programme which worked work mothers in London to reduce situational risk of child sexual abuse in the home ...
"Neighborhood Interventions to Reduce Violence". Annual Review of Public Health. 39: 253-271. doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth- ... Funding for the project was reduced in 1991, and OCDS ended in December 1991. By 1992, most of the iron gates were damaged to ... During the two years it was in effect, it substantially reduced violent crime. In Los Angeles, the Los Angeles Police ... Operation Cul-de-Sac (OCDS) was a Los Angeles Police Department effort to reduce violent crime, particularly drive-by shootings ...
The affected hard tissues become hypovascular (reduced number of blood vessels), hypocellular (reduced number of cells), and ... It is also important to note that most ulcers will heal completely without any intervention. Treatment can range from simply ... Topical (gels, creams or inhalers) or systemic steroids may be used to reduce inflammation. An antifungal drug may be used to ... Treatment is aimed at reducing the pain and swelling and speeding healing, and may involve systemic or topical steroids, ...
These modalities can help reduce the swelling and pain.[17] Commonly prescribed treatments for early-stage RSIs include ... However, some RSIs may require more aggressive intervention including surgery and can persist for years. ... reduce excessive kyphosis, and potentially thoracic outlet syndrome.[20] Modifications of posture and arm use (human factors ... "Conservative interventions for treating work-related complaints of the arm, neck or shoulder in adults". The Cochrane Database ...
"Interventions to Reduce or Prevent Obesity in Pregnant Women: A Systematic Review". Health Technology Assessment, No. 16.31. ... A review done by the World Health Organization found that skin-to-skin contact between mothers and babies after birth reduces ... The gluten-free diet avoids or reduces the risk of developing reproductive disorders in pregnant women with celiac disease.[135 ... It also severely reduces bladder capacity, and increases pressure on the pelvic floor and the rectum. ...
Henson, Caroline C; Burden, Sorrel; Davidson, Susan E; Lal, Simon (2013-11-26). "Nutritional interventions for reducing ... Nutritional interventions may be able to help with diarrhoea associated with radiotherapy. [18] Studies in people having pelvic ... This procedure reduces damage to healthy tissue between the charged particle radiation source and the tumor and sets a finite ... This can help reduce the chance of surviving cancer cells dividing and growing in the intervals between each radiation therapy ...
... revascularization techniques have shown reduced postoperative stroke rates comparable to percutaneous coronary intervention.[ ... Statins, which reduce cholesterol, reduce the risk of coronary artery disease[86] ... Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)[10]. Medication. Aspirin, beta blockers, ... Ways to reduce CAD risk include eating a healthy diet, regularly exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking.[9] ...
World Health Organization, WHO (2017). Global costs of unaddressed hearing loss and cost-effectiveness of interventions: a WHO ... Hearing loss due to noise may be temporary, called a 'temporary threshold shift', a reduced sensitivity to sound over a wide ... 141-142 in Linda E. Worrall & Louise M. Hickson (Eds.). Communication disability in aging: from prevention to intervention. ... Often interventions to prevent noise-induced hearing loss have many components. A 2017 Cochrane review found that stricter ...
"Interventions to reduce or prevent obesity in pregnant women: a systematic review". Health Technology Assessment (Winchester, ... Zhou, K; West, HM; Zhang, J; Xu, L; Li, W (11 August 2015). "Interventions for leg cramps in pregnancy". The Cochrane Database ... General exercise that is not tailored to strengthen the back may not prevent or reduce back pain, but more research is needed ... Ho, SS; Yu, WW; Lao, TT; Chow, DH; Chung, JW; Li, Y (June 2009). "Effectiveness of maternity support belts in reducing low back ...
2016). "Reducing Youth Risk Behaviors Through Interactive Theater Intervention". Journal of Human Sciences and Extension. 4, #1 ... abilities and belief due to intervention; some reported less overall learning. Research shows that this program can reduce ... Youth who reported more learning as a result of intervention were more likely to have better outcomes in decision-making than ... those who reported after they participated in the intervention. The National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian ...
This intervention is likely most effective when used in the time frame between three and six months of age. ... The subarachnoid spaces are typically enlarged with primary microcephaly, whereas they are reduced or absent in true ... The primary goal of surgical intervention is to allow normal cranial vault development to occur.[42] This can be achieved by ... There are a few basic elements involved in surgical intervention which is aimed at normalization of the cranial vault: *Surgery ...
Thanks to DMacks for the intervention. Jevansen (talk) 03:21, 22 June 2017 (UTC). Invitation to edit with Women in Red[edit]. ... You might be interested in becoming a member of our WikiProject Women in Red where we are actively trying to reduce Wikipedia's ... we would be grateful if you could consider destubbing a few African articles during the drive to help the cause and help reduce ...
Raina Elley C, Kenealy T (December 2008). "Lifestyle interventions reduced the long-term risk of diabetes in adults with ... As of 2015[update], there is insufficient data to recommend nonnutritive sweeteners, but note they may help reduce caloric ... Management of type 2 diabetes focuses on lifestyle interventions, lowering other cardiovascular risk factors, and maintaining ... Intensive lifestyle measures may reduce the risk by over half.[25][71] The benefit of exercise occurs regardless of the ...
Public sector unions came under attack by federal and provincial governments as they attempted to reduce spending, reduce taxes ... "ICTWSS: Database on institutional characteristics of trade unions, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts in 34 ... The economist Joseph Stiglitz has asserted that, "Strong unions have helped to reduce inequality, whereas weaker unions have ... Several studies have found evidence that trade unions can reduce competitiveness due to a reduction of business profit, which ...
The non-pharmacologic interventions of complementary medicine can employ mind-body interventions designed to "reduce pain and ... An example of a placebo is an inert pill, but it can include more dramatic interventions like sham surgery. The placebo effect ... There is a divine or spiritual intervention in healing. Lack of evidence for effectiveness.[77] Unwanted outcomes, such as ... Mind-body interventions: Explore the interconnection between the mind, body, and spirit, under the premise that they affect " ...
A growing body of evidence supports the efficacy of HMB as a treatment for reducing, or even reversing, the loss of muscle mass ... The meta-analysis showed greater muscle mass gain in the intervention groups compared with the control groups (standard mean ... RESULTS: A total of seven randomized controlled trials were included, in which 147 older adults received HMB intervention and ... There were no significant fat mass changes between intervention and control groups (standard mean difference=-0.08kg; 95% ...
Retinoids are medications that reduce inflammation, normalize the follicle cell life cycle, and reduce sebum production.[45][84 ... "Interventions for acne scars". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Systematic Review & Meta-Analysis). 4: CD011946. ... sarecycline demonstrated clinical efficacy in reducing inflammatory acne lesions as early as three weeks and reduced truncal ( ... They work by killing C. acnes and reducing inflammation.[20][82][90] Although multiple guidelines call for healthcare providers ...
If these simple measures do not work then medical intervention may be needed to stop bleeding. The use of silver nitrate to ... The local application of a vasoconstrictive agent has been shown to reduce the bleeding time in benign cases of epistaxis. The ... Qureishi, A; Burton, MJ (Sep 12, 2012). "Interventions for recurrent idiopathic epistaxis (nosebleeds) in children". The ...
An upcoming meta-analysis will seek to determine if any type of ophthalmia neonatorum prophylaxis reduces the incidence of ... "Interventions for preventing ophthalmia neonatorum". Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 9: CD001862. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001862. ... conjuncitivitis in neonates and to determine which ophthalmia neonatorum prophylaxis is most effective at reducing the ...
... to reduce child mortality) and #5A (to reduce maternal mortality). This review provided an opportunity for the MoHP and other ... Since the inception of immunization program to the date it has been an established and successfully public health intervention ... However, there is still a long way to go to meet the SDG target of reducing stunting to 31% and underweight to 25% among ... Over the past decade, Nepal has had success in reducing under-five mortality, largely due to the implementation of the CB-IMCI ...
30 min, or > 20 min if reduced variability (decelerations are defined as repetitive when associated with > 50% contractions) ... CTG monitoring can sometimes lead to medical interventions which are not necessarily needed. Fetal vibroacoustic stimulation ( ... no intervention necessary to improve fetal oxygenation state: Baseline 110-160 bpm Variability 5-25 bpm No repetitive ...
Grimpoteuthis has a reduced or non-existent radula and swallows prey whole.[31] In the deep-sea genus Stauroteuthis, some of ... Octopus arms can move and sense largely autonomously without intervention from the animal's central nervous system. In 2015 a ... The ink is thought to reduce the efficiency of olfactory organs, which would aid evasion from predators that employ smell for ...
Upon his return a month later, Mads de facto reduces Jørgen's salary by half. Jørgen seeks help from his brother who is unable ... He is saved by the intervention of Elisabeth Friis and the doctor who carries a lot of weight within the resistance movement. ... Elisabeth considers leaving Korsbæk for Copenhagen, but through Doctor Hansen's and Ingeborg Skjern's intervention, she is ...
Military intervention in Libya. Dennis Kucinich speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in ... "Kucinich & Braun Blast ABC For Reducing Campaign Coverage." Archived 2007-11-18 at the Wayback Machine Democracy Now! December ... In March 2011, Kucinich criticized the Obama administration's decision to participate in the UN intervention in Libya without ... In October 2016, Kucinich warned against a prospective United States military intervention against Russia in Syria.[119] He ...
Interventional radiologists can access areas in the body under imaging for an intervention or diagnostic sampling. ... sometimes designed for compatibility with the body to reduce side-effects. Genomics and knowledge of human genetics and human ... of the interventions lacked sufficient evidence to support either benefit or harm.[9] ...
... s are generally acknowledged to reduce rates of smoking; smoke-free workplaces reduce smoking rates among workers,[ ... They stated that "There is strong evidence supporting smoking bans and restrictions as effective public health interventions ... potentially reduced energy use via decreased ventilation needs; reduced quantities of litter; healthier environments; and ... In addition, such laws may reduce health care costs,[3] improve work productivity, and lower the overall cost of labour in the ...
Lyme and other deer tick-borne diseases can sometimes be reduced by greatly reducing the deer population on which the adult ... "The Rise and Fall of the Lyme Disease Vaccines: A Cautionary Tale for Risk Interventions in American Medicine and Public ... may reduce tick numbers and reduce the spread of Lyme and other tick-borne diseases.[153] However, such a drastic reduction may ... Several landscaping practices may reduce risk of tick bites in residential yards.[139][146] The lawn should be kept mowed, leaf ...
"Combined chiropractic interventions for low-back pain". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): CD005427. doi:10.1002/ ... reductionism in chiropractic reduces causes and cures of health problems to a single factor, vertebral subluxation.[31] ... A 2013 Cochrane review found very low to moderate evidence that SMT was no more effective than inert interventions, sham SMT or ... Huang, Tao; Shu, Xu; Huang, Yu Shan; Cheuk, Daniel KL; Huang, Tao (2011). "Complementary and miscellaneous interventions for ...
"Reducing Radiation from Medical X-rays". FDA.gov. Retrieved 9 September 2018.. ... Fluoroscopy is mainly performed to view movement (of tissue or a contrast agent), or to guide a medical intervention, such as ... A Bucky-Potter grid may be placed between the patient and the detector to reduce the quantity of scattered x-rays that reach ... The ability to work in two planes is important for orthopedic and spinal surgery and can reduce operating times by eliminating ...
Overhunting can reduce the local population of game animals by more than half, as well as reducing population density, and may ... and that plant extinction is occurring up to 500 times faster than the rate it would without human intervention.. ... The vaquita, the world's most endangered marine mammal, has been reduced to only 30 individuals as of February 2017. They are ... Some scientists have proposed keeping extinctions below 20 per year for the next century as a global target to reduce species ...
The skull bone structure can also be subject to a neoplasm that by its very nature reduces the volume of the intracranial ... requiring only monitoring and possibly needing no further intervention.[1] Treatments that use a person's immune system are ... A shunt may be used to relieve symptoms caused by intracranial pressure, by reducing the build-up of fluid (hydrocephalus) ...
Decolonization, also bacterial decolonization, is a medical intervention that attempts to rid a patient of an antimicrobial ... the likelihood of the patient going on to develop life-threatening health care-associated infections is reduced. Common sites ...
First, they reduced their food intake and began to sell jewelry, ornaments, and smaller items of personal property. As expenses ... direct blame should be laid on a series of government interventions that disrupted the wholesale rice market.[346] Once the ... Some land produced more than one crop a year, sometimes rice in one season and other crops in another, reducing rice's yearly ... Rural labourers and any civilians who were not members of these groups received severely reduced access to food and medical ...
... which reduced demand, with storage issues and the expiration of the May contract on the following day resulting in reduced ... Oil price collapses during 1985-1986 significantly reduced local oil production around Cushing, and linked Gulf Coast imported ...
A number of stress management interventions have emerged that have shown demonstrable effects in reducing job stress.[133] ... Modestly scaled interventions[edit]. Schmitt (2007) described three different modestly scaled OHP-related interventions that ... The interventions tended reduce organization health-care costs.[143][144] Health promotion[edit]. Organizations can play a role ... a b Schmitt, L. (2007). OHP interventions: Wellness programs. Newsletter of the Society for Occupational Health Psychology, 1, ...
Physical interventions to interrupt or reduce the spread of respiratory viruses,url=https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ: ... More recently, a Cochrane review concluded that "zinc (lozenges or syrup) is beneficial in reducing the duration and severity ... The author of another review completed in 2004 also concluded that zinc can reduce the duration and severity of cold symptoms [ ...
This reduces the energy required to push the chair by eliminating many points where the chair would flex and absorb energy as ... in which the user exerts manual control over speed and direction without intervention by the wheelchair's control system. ... A smart wheelchair is any powerchair using a control system to augment or replace user control.[12] Its purpose is to reduce or ... Access starts outside of the building, with the provision of reduced height kerb-cuts where wheelchair users may need to cross ...
Without medical intervention, prognosis of Marfan syndrome can range from moderate to life-threatening, with 90% of known ... A common example of pleiotropy is the human disease phenylketonuria (PKU). This disease causes mental retardation and reduced ... Depending on the mutation involved, this conversion is reduced or ceases entirely. Unconverted phenylalanine builds up in the ...
Gingivae lacerations that are small normally heals spontaneously and do not require any intervention. However, this can be one ... The priority should always be reducing potential damage to the underlying permanent dentition.[34] ...
Calorie consumption is reduced because less fat is consumed. Diets of this type include NCEP Step I and II. A meta-analysis of ... "Nutrition Recommendations and Interventions for Diabetes". Diabetes Care. 31 (Suppl 1): S61-78. doi:10.2337/dc08-S061. PMID ... They also agree on the importance of reducing salt intake because foods including snacks, biscuits, and bread already contain ... Many studies have focused on diets that reduce calories via a low-carbohydrate (Atkins diet, Scarsdale diet, Zone diet) diet ...
... reduces aggressive behavior later in life by dampening testosterone levels in response to social threats, according to research ... An educational intervention program for children between kindergarten and 10th grade, known as Fast Track, ... Early intervention reduces aggressive behavior in adulthood. Association for Psychological Science. Journal. Psychological ... early-intervention-reduces-aggressive-behavior-in-adulthood.. html?utm_source=. pressrelease&utm_medium=. eureka&utm_campaign= ...
... found that a simple intervention can reduce anti-Muslim hostility by calling out the hypocrisy of blaming an entire group -- ... A simple intervention enduringly reduces anti-Muslim sentiment. University of Pennsylvania. Journal. Nature Human Behavior. ... A simple intervention enduringly reduces anti-Muslim sentiment New research from Penn and elsewhere found that calling out the ... "I got into this research because I wanted to find interventions that reduce marginalization, hostility, conflict, and violence ...
Reducing emergency hospital admissions: a population health complex intervention of an enhanced model of primary care and ... Revascularisation: reducing variation in waiting times could reduce amputations, audit finds BMJ December 18, 2019, 367 l7024; ... Reducing emergency admissions through community based interventions. BMJ 2016; 352 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.h6817 ( ... Do health checks for adults with intellectual disability reduce emergency hospital admissions? Evaluation of a natural ...
... inpatient interventions targeting the transition from secondary to primary care to reduce readmissions, and interventions that ... Reducing emergency admissions through community based interventions BMJ 2016; 352 :h6817 doi:10.1136/bmj.h6817 ... Organisational interventions to reduce length of stay in hospital: a rapid evidence assessment. Health Services and Delivery ... Interventions to reduce unplanned hospital admissions: a series of systematic reviews. 2012. www.bristol.ac.uk/ ...
Primary interventions aim to eliminate, reduce, or alter sources of stress at work (i.e., reducing workloads); secondary ... Interventions: Employees Perceptions of What Reduces Stress. Silvia Pignata,1,2 Carolyn M. Boyd,2 Anthony H. Winefield,1,3 and ... Other statements referred to reduced workloads and reduced work or time pressure: "I have a LOT less work than I used to 3 ... reduce, and redistribute workloads, change or reduce working hours, and reduce overtime hours. Thus, for example, one ...
Work-Site Intervention to Reduce Work-Related Assault Injurypdf icon [PDF 101.37KB] ... Work-Site Intervention to Reduce Work-Related Assault Injury. ... which components are most successful or which intervention ...
Zhang, H., Wu, K., Qiu, Y. et al. Solar photovoltaic interventions have reduced rural poverty in China. Nat Commun 11, 1969 ( ... Solar photovoltaic interventions have reduced rural poverty in China. *Huiming Zhang1. , ... Although SEPAPs intervention covers 471 counties, there are missing data in several variables in the China County Statistical ... In addition, some revenue of village-level projects can also be withheld for public welfare projects that reduce poverty in the ...
Medical and immunotherapeutic intervention to reduce psychological and physiological stress and activate the immune system in ... According to the researchers, patients require immunotherapeutic treatment as well as treatment to reduce inflammation and ... Clinical study evaluates potential of oral cancer drug to reduce respiratory symptoms of COVID-19 ... Researchers to test the effectiveness of intervention that addresses barriers to breastfeeding ...
NIOSH Finds Effective Interventions to Reduce Ergonomic Injuries in Meatpacking & Other Industries. ... Although the study was designed to reduce ergonomic hazards in red meatpacking plants, the results are applicable to many ... How To Increase The Success Of Participatory Interventions. *Successful participatory ergonomic programs require strong in- ... To request a copy of Participatory Ergonomic Interventions in Meatpacking Plants (Publication No. 94-124) or for more ...
2004). Effective Interventions to Reduce Smoking. In Tobacco: Science, Policy and Public Health Oxford University Press. ...
An integrative approach to treating chronic pain significantly reduces pain severity while improving mood and quality of life, ... Pain significantly reduced, quality of life improved by integrative medicine interventions. Published on July 24, 2013 ... An integrative approach to treating chronic pain significantly reduces pain severity while improving mood and quality of life, ... no standardized pre-specified clinical intervention for chronic pain was prescribed for all study participants. Instead, ...
INTERVENTION: Children attending intervention centers received a 7-session program designed to reduce television viewing as ... An intervention to reduce television viewing by preschool children.. Dennison BA1, Russo TJ, Burdick PA, Jenkins PL. ... Although there are interventions to reduce television viewing by school-aged children, there are none for younger children. ... Before the intervention, the intervention and control groups viewed 11.9 and 14.0 h/wk of television/videos, respectively. ...
... Published on August 6, 2014 ... This untapped resource could be harnessed and used to improve public health and reduce overall health care costs, Dr. Pringle ... PDC80 values were calculated for both the intervention year and for 2010, the year prior to SBI implementation. ... cholesterol would be reduced dramatically, and the risk for severe health problems, such as heart attack or stroke, would be ...
Researchers investigated the power of a brief intervention to correct these cognitive... ... Far, J., & Miller, J. (2003). The small group norms-challenging model intervention: a social norms intervention with targeted ... a national evaluation of social norms marketing interventions to reduce college students heavy alcohol use. Journal of Studies ... Far, J., & Miller, J. (2001, Fall). Social norms intervention with small groups. Social Norms Quarterly, 1, 1-8.Google Scholar ...
Chlorophyllin intervention reduces aflatoxin-DNA adducts in individuals at high risk for liver cancer. Patricia A. Egner, Jin- ... Chlorophyllin intervention reduces aflatoxin-DNA adducts in individuals at high risk for liver cancer ... Chlorophyllin intervention reduces aflatoxin-DNA adducts in individuals at high risk for liver cancer ... Chlorophyllin intervention reduces aflatoxin-DNA adducts in individuals at high risk for liver cancer ...
... intervention designed for parents of children undergoing a stem cell transplant had beneficial effects in reducing caregiver ... Intervention program reduces caregiver distress during hospitalization of pediatric stem cell transplant patients. *Download ... The intervention also was more effective in reducing depression in caregivers who reported higher depression at the time of the ... Results indicate that our intervention reduced anxiety, depression and - to a marginal degree - traumatic distress more than ...
... physical education and nutrition to test and apply a set of evaluation criteria for the best school-based interventions that ... Criteria Help Schools Evaluate Interventions for Preventing and Reducing Childhood Obesity. * *May 24, 2005 ... physical education and nutrition to test and apply a set of evaluation criteria for the best school-based interventions that ...
Taiwan Dollar Has Best Week in 10 Months as Intervention Reduced. By Andrea Wong - Jul 12, 2013 ... The central bank has cut intervention, after having sold the local currency in the run-up to the close on most days for more ... Taiwans dollar had the best week in 10 months after the central bank scaled back its intervention in the currency market. ...
Interventions involving multiple agencies may be effective in reducing violent crime, according to a new POSTnote briefing co- ... Each fellow produces a research brief on a current and specific topic, mine is titled Early interventions to reduce violent ... The research finds that early interventions may be effective in reducing violent crime. The POSTnote presents evidence on the ... Population-wide interventions involving multiple agencies.. The researchers explain that early interventions are difficult to ...
Further neurosurgical intervention is minimized as is the financial burden from multiple emergency department visits and ... choroid plexectomy in patients with hydranencephaly reduces the incidence of reoperation and readmission, the number of days of ...
A multicomponent intervention reduces body weight and cardiovascular risk at a GEICO corporate site.. Ferdowsian HR1, Barnard ... To determine whether a multicomponent nutrition intervention program at a corporate site reduces body weight and improves other ... INTERVENTION: A 22-week intervention including a low-fat, vegan diet.. MEASURES: Changes in body weight, anthropometric ... Prospective clinical intervention study.. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Employees of the Government Employees Insurance Company (GEICO) (N ...
"With a structured intervention, we believe that it would be feasible to use the existing framework to reduce cardiovascular ... Research Story Tip: Intervention Reduces Cardiovascular Disease Risk in People with Serious Mental Illness 06/18/2020 ... Research Story Tip: Intervention Reduces Cardiovascular Disease Risk in People with Serious Mental Illness ... Additionally, these people more commonly face special challenges in receiving heart-healthy interventions because of reduced ...
Intervention to Reduce Injection Drug Use. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study ... Intervention/treatment Phase Substance Abuse Behavioral: Strengths-based case management Behavioral: Case management plus ... Intervention/treatment Experimental: Case Management Behavioral: Strengths-based case management Clients will receive ... Arms and Interventions Outcome Measures Eligibility Criteria Contacts and Locations More Information ...
16 October 1998 Swift intervention key to reducing mastitis costsTreating mastitis before it becomes obvious was a key topic at ... Swift intervention key to reducing mastitis costs. Treating mastitis before it becomes obvious was a key topic at last weeks ... When a new infection was treated after three days 90% could be cured, but that reduced to 60% when treatment was delayed for 60 ... Treating cows with sub-clinical infection eliminates a potential source of infection to other cows in the herd, reducing new ...
Four-year results of the Look AHEAD study have shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention program designed to achieve and ... Regular exercise especially in type II diabetes not only helps reduce the sugar but also reduces the demand for medication by ... At study entry, 5,145 participants at 16 centers across the United States were randomly assigned to one of two interventions. ... The intensive intervention group also experienced greater improvements in fitness, diabetes control, blood pressure, HDL (good ...
But how can we reduce stress when our daily environments keep stress levels up? Scientists looked into the effects of music ... They found that music interventions had a significant effect on stress reduction. ... interventions by bringing together the results of over a 100 experiments including almost 10.000 participants. ... Music interventions are effective. The authors conclude that music interventions are effective in reducing physiological and ...
... ... to support a research project that will look to explore policy interventions to reduce the health impact of air pollution in ... Policy interventions introduced by the Mongolian government have thus far failed in creating impact. ...
The intervention working groups met weekly to monthly to plan and execute interventions. Interventions were implemented across ... Interventions to Reduce Over-Utilized Tests and Treatments in Bronchiolitis. Amy Tyler, Paige Krack, Leigh Anne Bakel, Kimberly ... Interventions to Reduce Over-Utilized Tests and Treatments in Bronchiolitis. Amy Tyler, Paige Krack, Leigh Anne Bakel, Kimberly ... Interventions to Reduce Over-Utilized Tests and Treatments in Bronchiolitis Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ...
... describe the nature of interventions that have been used to reduce length of stay in acute care hospitals; (ii) identify the ... factors that are known to influence length of stay; and (iii) assess the impact of interventions on patient outcomes, service ... OBJECTIVES: This study sought to (i) describe the nature of interventions that have been used to reduce length of stay in acute ... The evidence was mixed with regard to the extent to which interventions seeking to reduce length of stay were associated with ...
... Lars L. Andersen1 and ... L. Quintiliani, J. Sattelmair, and G. Sorensen, The Workplace as a Setting for Interventions to Improve Diet and Promote ... J. E. Strijk, K. I. Proper, A. J. van der Beek, and W. van Mechelen, "A process evaluation of a worksite vitality intervention ... "A randomized controlled intervention trial to relieve and prevent neck-shoulder pain," Medicine and Science in Sports and ...
  • Do dietary and physical activity interventions reduce obesity rates in children? (aafp.org)
  • The impact of regular physical activity or combined dietary and physical activity interventions is modest at best. (aafp.org)
  • In children five years and younger, combined dietary and physical activity interventions mildly decrease BMI and zBMI. (aafp.org)
  • In children six to 12 years of age, physical activity interventions alone mildly decrease BMI without changing zBMI, whereas combined interventions mildly decrease zBMI without changing BMI. (aafp.org)
  • In children 13 years and older, low-quality evidence shows no change in either BMI or zBMI, even when dietary and physical activity interventions are combined. (aafp.org)
  • Researchers at the Universities of Tsukuba and Kobe re-analyzed data from three experiments that tested whether physical activity interventions lead to improved cognitive skills in children. (brightsurf.com)
  • Combined diet and physical activity interventions have been found to be successful in reducing the rate of conversion from IGT to type 2 diabetes ( 6 - 8 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Therefore, it is important to determine the relationship between psychosocial factors (organizational factors and interpersonal relationships in the job setting that may affect the health of workers) and specific organizational outcomes to assist university management to determine where to intervene and where to measure the effects of intervention [ 8 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Special cause variation on control charts indicated improvement for all outcomes for inpatients during the intervention season. (aappublications.org)
  • and (iii) assess the impact of interventions on patient outcomes, service outcomes and costs. (rand.org)
  • While antidepressant medications have shown varying degrees of short-term efficacy for PSD patients, few studies have examined non-pharmacologic interventions or long-term outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • Physicians are encouraged to find teachable moments to impart appropriate nutrition, physical activity, and weight management guidance to their patients, and to support policies and programs that can improve these factors in the community to reduce cancer risk and improve outcomes after cancer. (aafp.org)
  • Previous studies of screening, brief intervention, and referral conducted in primary care and in-patient trauma centers have shown positive outcomes in decreasing or eliminating alcohol use, reducing injury rates, and reducing costs to society. (nih.gov)
  • Health, social policy and specialist review databases between 2002 and 2012 were searched for systematic reviews of the effectiveness of population-level alcohol interventions on consumption or alcohol-related health or social outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • Successful patient engagement in a nationally available, remotely delivered behavioral health intervention can significantly improve medical outcomes and lower healthcare costs. (ajmc.com)
  • Study selection Primary studies of interventions/policies reporting smoking-related outcomes in youth (11-25 years) of lower compared to higher socioeconomic status (SES). (bmj.com)
  • Assessing health and economic outcomes of interventions to reduce pregnancy-related mortality in Nigeria. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A subgroup of these educators undertook further training and then collected data on the outcomes of 320 women who attended the intervention. (birthpsychology.com)
  • From January to July 2004, Action for Healthy Kids worked with experts in education, health, physical education and nutrition to test and apply a set of evaluation criteria for the best school-based interventions that address childhood obesity. (rwjf.org)
  • There is mixed evidence for family- and community-level interventions, school-based interventions, and interventions in the alcohol server setting and the mass media. (nih.gov)
  • This paper discusses how audit studies can be adapted to test the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing discrimination. (cambridge.org)
  • The growing body of research on weight-related interventions for youth has been summarized by several meta-analyses aiming to provide an overview of the effectiveness of interventions. (rug.nl)
  • To tackle this problem, a meta-synthesis was conducted to draw informed conclusions about the state of the effectiveness of interventions targeting child and adolescent overweight. (rug.nl)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The design and implementation of an intervention seeking to reduce (directly or indirectly) the length of stay in hospital should be informed by local context and needs. (rand.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The intervention was not effective in reducing the transmission of MRSA or VRE, although the use of barrier precautions by providers was less than what was required. (rti.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS DCP reduces cardiovascular risk, resulting in only a slight improvement in QALYs, lower CVD costs, but higher total costs, with a high cost-effectiveness ratio. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Conclusions Very few studies have assessed the equity impact of tobacco control interventions/policies on young people. (bmj.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early intensive efforts to improve family planning and control of fertility choices, accompanied by a stepwise effort to scale-up capacity for integrated maternal health services over several years, will save lives and provide equal or greater value than many public health interventions we consider among the most cost-effective (e.g., childhood immunization). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Conclusions We identified a wide range of possible approaches to reduce cognitive errors in diagnosis. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions: A prenatal intervention program which includes endorsement and support by health care providers as well as intrapartum labor support can reduce the risks for cesarean birth and can improve infant outcome and incidence of normal delivery. (birthpsychology.com)
  • An integrative approach to treating chronic pain significantly reduces pain severity while improving mood and quality of life, according to a new study from the Bravewell Practice-Based Research Network (BraveNet) published last month in BioMed Central Complementary and Alternative Medicine journal. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The percentage of women at risk for depression at the follow-up interview was significantly less in the intervention group (19 percent) than in the control group (34 percent). (healthcanal.com)
  • For both the intervention and control groups, patients in remission at one year had significantly higher scores in perceived ability, recovery, and social participation than those who were not. (nih.gov)
  • Increased levels of physical activity can significantly reduce the odds of depression, even among people who are genetically predisposed to the condition. (brightsurf.com)
  • However, a moderator analysis distinguishing between obesity treatment and obesity prevention studies showed that obesity treatment interventions (SMD: -0.048, 95%CI: -0.60, -0.36) were significantly more effective in reducing body mass index than obesity prevention interventions (SMD: -0.08, 95%CI: -0.11, -0.06). (rug.nl)
  • The reduced-fat-diet group significantly decreased its mean daily fat intake and total energy intake compared with the control group without affecting micronutrient intake. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • This research highlighted the ability of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to significantly improve a community's capacity to identify the most appropriate locations to focus resources and to closely track and measure interventions. (scirp.org)
  • A healthy lifestyle intervention program administered at the workplace and developed by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health significantly reduces risk factors for diabetes and heart disease, according to a study reported in the March issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Women in the Intervention group had significantly fewer Cesarean deliveries, oxytocin augmentations, and use of analgesia/anesthesia. (birthpsychology.com)
  • Pharmacist-led interventions in black barbershops resulted in significantly greater blood pressure (BP) reductions in patrons with uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) compared with an intervention that focused on barbers encouraging their patrons to make healthy lifestyle modifications and see their doctors, according to results of a trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine . (aphanet.org)
  • More than 8 years after the intervention ended, the researchers brought the participants into the lab to play a game, the goal of which was to earn as much money as possible by pressing three buttons: one which accrued money, one which prevented money from being stolen, and another which stole money from an opponent. (eurekalert.org)
  • Participants who hadn't received the intervention showed an increase in testosterone levels after having their money stolen, but Fast Track participants didn't, a finding that could explain their reduced aggression. (eurekalert.org)
  • Ultimately, the findings suggest that Fast Track was successful in reducing participants' aggression toward a hostile peer in part because it changed the way their neuroendocrine systems responded to social provocation. (eurekalert.org)
  • On average, these participants, who never completed an intervention, responded with scores around 40 across all three time points. (eurekalert.org)
  • For the experimental group, participants went through what the researchers dubbed a "Collective Blame Hypocrisy" intervention at the initial encounter. (eurekalert.org)
  • Responses to questions about participants' anti-Muslim sentiments (which included those assessing support for allowing Muslim refugees into Spain and for anti-Muslim policies such as closing down mosques in Spain) also improved for those who did the intervention. (eurekalert.org)
  • In keeping with the integrative medicine philosophy of individualized, patient-centered care, no standardized pre-specified clinical intervention for chronic pain was prescribed for all study participants. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Intervention participants attended brief presentations that included feedback on discrepancies between actual and perceived norms within their groups. (springer.com)
  • For this study, 132 participants with serious mental disorders underwent 18 months of intervention compared with 137 controls who did not. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • At study entry, 5,145 participants at 16 centers across the United States were randomly assigned to one of two interventions. (medindia.net)
  • Scientists looked into the effects of music interventions by bringing together the results of over a 100 experiments including almost 10.000 participants. (uva.nl)
  • The meta-analytic review included 104 Random Controlled Trials with a total of 9.617 participants of whom 4.838 participated in a music intervention group or music therapy group, and 4.779 constituted the comparison group. (uva.nl)
  • At six weeks postpartum, the intervention remained effective only for the 83 percent of study participants who spoke no English. (healthcanal.com)
  • Body weight and glucose tolerance were measured in 136 participants at baseline, 6 months, and 1 year (end of intervention), with follow-up at 2 years ( n = 104), 3 years ( n = 99), and 5 years ( n = 103). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • 176 participants entered the intervention, and 136 (77%) completed the 1-year intervention period. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Over the course of a year, participants lost an average of 5 percent of their body weight (10 pounds), shrunk their waistlines by about 2 inches and brought down the levels of fat and sugar in their blood - all measures that reduce the risk of heart disease and diabetes. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The majority of participants were young women with breast cancer, but we expect the intervention may be appropriate for other patients where have moderate to high fear of recurrence. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • To assess the effectiveness, safety, tolerability and costs of interventions to reduce blood loss during myomectomy. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • To assess the effectiveness of a parent-focused intervention on infants' obesity-risk behaviors and BMI. (aappublications.org)
  • A pretest-post-test switching-replication design was used to assess changes in mindfulness, psychological distress, and client satisfaction over the course of the intervention. (springer.com)
  • While the limitations of our design make it difficult to assess where information alone can reduce bias, our study makes two important contributions. (cambridge.org)
  • The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of 6 months of diet and exercise intervention on carotid IMT in sedentary African American adults. (ahajournals.org)
  • Objective A systematic review to assess the equity impact of interventions/policies on youth smoking. (bmj.com)
  • This is the first trial to assess the effects of a dietary intervention high in GLV (green leafy vegetables) in adults with elevated BMI and high habitual RM consumption who are at increased risk for CRC," the authors said. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • This is a randomized trial to assess the value of an emergency department-based intervention to reduce hazardous alcohol use among older adults. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • and 4) follow-up surveys of CRE carriage in patients to assess the impact of the intervention on carrier prevalence. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care-based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug or nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. (annals.org)
  • Two 2-physician reviewer teams reviewed the full text of candidate articles to identify interventions and assess study quality. (annals.org)
  • Objective The aim of this study is apply a Brief Intervention (PST) in Diabetic and Obesity patients in primary care centers of Mexico City to improve their depressive and anxious symptoms and assess their impact on treatment and stabilization of metabolic variables. (centerwatch.com)
  • To build upon research evaluating stress interventions, this qualitative study tests the framework of the extended Job Demands-Resources model to investigate employees' perceptions of the stress-reduction measures implemented at 13 Australian universities. (hindawi.com)
  • the study examines commentary from 115 academic and 304 nonacademic staff who provided details of what they perceived to be effective in reducing stress. (hindawi.com)
  • The current study focuses on interventions to reduce job stress, as experienced by individuals at work. (hindawi.com)
  • Although the study was designed to reduce ergonomic hazards in red meatpacking plants, the results are applicable to many industries. (cdc.gov)
  • The results of the study were consistent over the 24-week duration of the trial, suggesting the possibility of sustainable effects of the integrative interventions. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This study is the first to show that a preschool-based intervention can lead to reductions in young children's television/video viewing. (nih.gov)
  • It was our aim in this study to develop and test an individual intervention program that targets cognitive and social processing strategies associated with caregiver adjustment and compare that to available best-practice psychosocial care. (news-medical.net)
  • A: Our study suggests that our intervention had an impact when primary caregivers were experiencing high levels of trauma and stress - during the time of the actual transplant and hospitalization and that the intervention was more beneficial for specific subgroups of caregivers. (news-medical.net)
  • Prospective clinical intervention study. (nih.gov)
  • Among individuals volunteering for a 22-week worksite research study, an intervention using a low-fat, vegan diet effectively reduced body weight and waist circumference. (nih.gov)
  • A Johns Hopkins Medicine study shows that adopting heart-healthy behaviors can reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases in people with serious mental illnesses. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • However, she says, before this study there were no evidenced-based interventions for nurses to implement that addressed cardiovascular risk in their patients. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Programs helping people with serious #mentalillness adopt heart-healthy behaviors can reduce their risk of #cardiovasculardisease by 13%, says @HopkinsMedicine study. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Four-year results of the Look AHEAD study have shown that an intensive lifestyle intervention program designed to achieve and maintain weight loss improves diabetes control and cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes. (medindia.net)
  • To integrate all that we know about the effects of music interventions on stress, researchers of different universities made a systematic review and meta-analysis of experimental studies testing the effects of music interventions in clinical, medical and work- or study-related settings. (uva.nl)
  • This study has important implications for the practical use of music interventions in stress reduction. (uva.nl)
  • Although the overall evidence base was varied and frequently lacked a robust study design, we identified a range of interventions that showed potential to reduce length of stay. (rand.org)
  • A nurse-led behavioral intervention can reduce the incidence of depression in stroke survivors, according to the results of a study published in the recent issue of the journal Stroke. (nih.gov)
  • This study highlights the receptivity of first-time parents to interventions focused on their new infant's eating and active play and provides evidence of effectiveness on some obesity-promoting behaviors in very early childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • During the first portion of the study, group 1 ( n = 18) acted as the intervention group while group 2 ( n = 25) acted as the control group. (springer.com)
  • The researchers discovered that compared to the control group, the test subjects reported reduced problem drinking throughout the study. (goodtherapy.org)
  • The purpose of the study is to determine how effective Botox is in reducing the amount of urine leaked and which dose of Botox is more effective and safe in those who have urinary urge inc. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Six years after completing the initial study, researchers conducted new assessments of 59 children who received the parent-focused intervention and 62 kids who did not. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • Asking emergency department patients about their alcohol use and talking with them about how to reduce harmful drinking patterns is an effective way to lower rates of risky drinking in these patients, according to a nationwide collaborative study supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (nih.gov)
  • A report of the study by the Academic Emergency Department Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Research Collaborative * appears in the December, 2007 issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine. (nih.gov)
  • More than 1,100 patients who exceeded these limits agreed to continue to participate in the study and were divided into intervention and control groups. (nih.gov)
  • An individualised and family-based physical activity and dietary intervention reduced the plasma LDL cholesterol concentration of primary school children, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. (brightsurf.com)
  • The two-year follow-up study explored the effects of an individualised and family-based physical activity and dietary intervention on the plasma lipids of more than 500 Finnish children aged between 6 and 8 years at baseline. (brightsurf.com)
  • The results of this newly published study thus suggest that a family-based dietary and physical activity intervention may prevent the development of atherosclerosis in adulthood. (brightsurf.com)
  • The effects of a 2-year physical activity and dietary intervention on plasma lipid concentrations in children: the PANIC Study. (brightsurf.com)
  • This study showed a significant increase in empowerment and engagement at three months that was sustained for 12 months, and a significant decrease in high depersonalization scores was seen at both three and 12 months in the intervention group. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • Laboratory tests and itching intensity were analyzed at the beginning of the study, and at 30 and 60 days after the educational intervention. (scielo.br)
  • Our preliminary study showed that 6 months of diet and exercise intervention reduced carotid IMT by ∼7.3% and improved the cardio-metabolic profile in sedentary African Americans. (ahajournals.org)
  • A new study conducted in Seattle has identified a new intervention technique that can help chronically homeless, alcohol-dependent individuals without requiring them to stop drinking. (medindia.net)
  • The current study comprises a review of intervention programs that aim to reduce the burden of HIV and other STIs among young people in Australia. (thebody.com)
  • They then developed a two-dimensional matrix consisting of "setting" and "intervention type" to categorize each study. (thebody.com)
  • We now report on the 5-year follow-up of that study to examine the long-term impact of the reduced-fat-diet program on body weight, glucose tolerance, and conversion to type 2 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • According to a new study , vitamin-, mineral-, and nitrate-rich green leafy vegetables are the best substitution for red or processed meats to mitigate CRC risk, as told by a 12-week dietary intervention. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • This study evaluates whether a postoperative multidisciplinary, intervention program, including systematic assessment and treatment of fall risk factors, active prevention, detection, and treatment of postoperative complications, could reduce inpatient falls and fall-related injuries after a femoral neck fracture. (diva-portal.org)
  • This study, conducted in Portland, Oregon, relied on the capabilities of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to precisely and scientifically identify an intervention area (with high shelter intake) and to identify control areas to compare the project results with community-wide trends. (scirp.org)
  • This demonstration program is based on the U.S. Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a national study that found people at risk for diabetes who lost a modest amount of weight through diet and exercise sharply reduced their chances of developing diabetes, outperforming people who took a diabetes drug instead. (medicalxpress.com)
  • CHICAGO-Conquer Fear, an experimental psychological intervention, can help decrease the fear of cancer recurrence among cancer survivors, according to study findings presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • In a phase II clinical trial, study investigators led by Jane McNeil Beith, MD, PhD, randomly assigned 222 survivors of stage I-III breast cancer, colorectal cancer, or melanoma who reported a high fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) to receive the Conquer Fear intervention (101 patients) or relaxation training (control group, 121 patients). (renalandurologynews.com)
  • CHICAGO (June 11, 2014) A new study found a nationwide effort to control carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) in Israel reduced CRE cases by improving compliance of infection control standards and using a coordinated intervention focused on long-term care facilities. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology , Rodin et al found that a manualized psychotherapeutic intervention (Managing Cancer and Living Meaningfully, CALM) was successful in reducing depressive symptoms in patients with advanced cancer. (ascopost.com)
  • The purpose of this study is apply a Brief Intervention (PST) in Diabetic and Obesity patient in primary care of Mexico City to improve their depressive and anxious symptoms and stabilization of metabolic variables. (centerwatch.com)
  • The study determined that a short intervention during emergency room visits-regardless of cause-could decrease underage alcohol consumption and associated problems over the next year. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Injury Center director Rebecca Cunningham notes that the study highlights the benefits emergency room interventions can bring to efforts to combat underage drinking, but more work remains to be done. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Assessment of whether the effects of the study persist for longer than one year need to be made, along with exploring different means of delivering the interventions. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Now that they're confident that the effects of the Fast Track program reach into adulthood, the researchers are interested in determining which specific components of the intervention are most effective in reducing aggression, what neural mechanisms underlie aggressive behavior, and whether these results also ring true for women who have participated in the program. (eurekalert.org)
  • According to the researchers, patients require immunotherapeutic treatment as well as treatment to reduce inflammation and physical and psychological stress. (news-medical.net)
  • For the five classes of common medications the researchers reviewed, PDC80 rates increased in the SBI group during the intervention compared to the control group, ranging from 3.1 percent for beta blockers to treat high blood pressure to 4.8 percent for oral diabetes drugs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers explain that early interventions are difficult to evaluate because there are no standard evaluation measures, there are a range of contributory factors which lead to violent crime, and assessing the long-term effects of interventions requires multiple follow-ups over many years. (nuffieldfoundation.org)
  • To calculate cardiovascular risk both before and after the intervention, the researchers used the Framingham Risk Score for Hard Coronary Heart Disease, which predicts the 10-year risk of having a major cardiovascular event, such as a heart attack or stroke. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The researchers found that the effect of the intervention on depressive symptoms was strongest during pregnancy. (healthcanal.com)
  • For the first time, researchers say they have evidence that parent-led intervention for young kids with autism continues to yield gains several years later. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • The researchers were also interested in which components of the lifestyle intervention had the greatest impact of plasma lipids. (brightsurf.com)
  • A group of researchers, led by Professor Richard Holt at the University of Southampton, are to investigate whether people with schizophrenia or first episode psychosis are able to reduce their weight through a structured education programme. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • For years, researchers have examined which nutritional interventions might reduce the risk of developing CRC, and have found that red or processed meat is one of the biggest culprits in increasing the risk of developing CRC. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • In the trial, conducted by researchers at the University of Alabama, published in the journal Nutrients, researchers posited that green leafy vegetables might reduce the risk of red meat-induced colonic DNA damage, in turn reducing the risk of CRC. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Researchers found that, overall, the intervention group saw an increase in plasma vitamin K1 concentrations, with a decrease in both circulating and fecal 8OHdG (a critical biomarker of DNA oxidative damage) and TNFa (Tumor necrosis factor a), a cytokine used by the immune system which suggests inflammatory damage. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • For these reasons, researchers have developed brief psychotherapeutic treatments with good results (Cognitive and Behavioural Therapy, Interpersonal therapy, and others) but with limitations due to lack of trained personnel for such interventions. (centerwatch.com)
  • The investigators concluded, "Findings suggest that CALM is an effective intervention that provides a systematic approach to alleviating depressive symptoms in patients with advanced cancer and addresses the predictable challenges these patients face. (ascopost.com)
  • 2 The authors of this review sought to characterize the effect of lifestyle interventions to prevent childhood obesity in different age ranges. (aafp.org)
  • A: This topic is important because there are no empirically-proven methods of reducing parent distress during this life-threatening event. (news-medical.net)
  • METHODS: We conducted a rapid evidence synthesis of the peer-reviewed literature on organisational interventions set in or initiated from acute hospitals. (rand.org)
  • METHODS: In a cluster-randomized trial, we evaluated the effect of surveillance for MRSA and VRE colonization and of the expanded use of barrier precautions (intervention) as compared with existing practice (control) on the incidence of MRSA or VRE colonization or infection in adult ICUs. (rti.org)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -A 5-year follow-up of a 1-year randomized controlled trial of a reduced-fat ad libitum diet versus a usual diet. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • or noncontrolled before-after studies of interventions to reduce rehospitalization that reported rehospitalization rates within 30 days. (annals.org)
  • An educational intervention program for children between kindergarten and 10th grade, known as Fast Track, reduces aggressive behavior later in life, according to research published in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (eurekalert.org)
  • The research, led by psychological scientist Justin Carré of Nipissing University in Ontario, Canada, indicates that dampened testosterone levels in response to social threats may account for the intervention's success in reducing aggression. (eurekalert.org)
  • For a copy of the article "Lowered Testosterone Reactivity Mediates the Effect of Early Intervention on Aggressive Behavior" and access to other Psychological Science research findings, please contact Anna Mikulak at 202-293-9300 or [email protected] . (eurekalert.org)
  • Medical and immunotherapeutic intervention to reduce psychological and physiological stress and activate the immune system in the critical period before and after the surgery can prevent development of metastases, which will be discovered months or years later. (news-medical.net)
  • We found that overall psychological benefits of our intervention were no longer evident at the six-month or one-year follow ups. (news-medical.net)
  • The authors conclude that music interventions are effective in reducing physiological and psychological stress-related symptoms in different kinds of settings: mental healthcare, polyclinic medical settings, during medical surgery and in daily life situations. (uva.nl)
  • The results showed that mindfulness increased while psychological distress (stress, anxiety/depression, fatigue, and negative affect) decreased for all employees throughout the intervention, especially among those with low mindfulness scores at baseline. (springer.com)
  • The reduction in fear of recurrence in the psychological intervention group was large enough to improve survivors' psychological and emotional wellbeing," Dr Beith, a medical oncologist at the University of Sydney in Australia, said in an ASCO press release. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Long-term results of a phase II randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a psychological intervention (Conquer Fear) to reduce clinical levels of fear of cancer recurrence in breast, colorectal, and melanoma cancer survivors. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Factors influencing the impact of interventions on length of stay included contextual factors and the population targeted. (rand.org)
  • Although a few previous studies have examined the impact of intervening on a single risk factor, such as smoking or obesity, this investigation took the unique approach of developing and implementing a tailored, multi-level intervention to reduce risk," says Catherine Stoney, Ph.D., deputy director of the Center for Translational Research and Implementation Science at the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • About 275 pregnant Spanish-speaking Latinas participated in Healthy Mothers on the Move, a culturally and linguistically tailored clinical trial designed to reduce risk factors for obesity and Type 2 diabetes. (healthcanal.com)
  • While obesity-promoting eating, sedentary and physical activity behaviors, and increased prevalence of adiposity are evident from early life, few high-quality studies have evaluated interventions that seek to influence the development of these behaviors in very early childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • 5 Given the opportunity for early prevention, an urgent need exists for studies demonstrating the potential of interventions to reduce obesity-risk behaviors. (aappublications.org)
  • To stop the number of youth with overweight/obesity from increasing, numerous interventions focusing on improving children's weight status have been implemented. (rug.nl)
  • Second Stage: Application of brief intervention (PST) in patients with diagnosis of Diabetes and Obesity. (centerwatch.com)
  • Each participant in the intervention program was assigned a counselor and a nurse who helped guide them to adopt positive lifestyle behaviors such as quitting smoking, eating a healthy diet and managing their cardiovascular health with primary care providers. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • This is a five-year prospective randomized trial comparing two intervention conditions designed to facilitate substance abuse treatment entry and enhance retention in order to reduce the behaviors associated with HIV and HCV risk among injection drug users (IDUs) and to improve client overall functioning. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Children who participated in an intervention between the ages of 2 and 4 displayed less severe symptoms six years later, exhibiting fewer repetitive behaviors and better social communication, according to findings published this week in the journal The Lancet. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • The first distinguishes between primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions according to the presence of stress. (hindawi.com)
  • The primary endpoint was modulation of levels of aflatoxin-N 7 -guanine adducts in urine samples collected 3 months into the intervention measured by using sequential immunoaffinity chromatography and liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry. (pnas.org)
  • The primary intervention consisted of a Brief Negotiated Interview (BNI) that emergency practitioners performed with each member of the intervention group. (nih.gov)
  • A cluster randomized trial proved that the DCP reduces the cardiovascular risk of type 2 diabetic patients in primary care ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The study's primary endpoint was reduction in FCR immediately after completion of intervention. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • To compare rates of smoking abstinence between the intervention and control groups as a covariate of the primary outcome only. (centerwatch.com)
  • The Institute for Policy Research (IPR) is pleased to announce funding has been awarded by the University of Bath Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) , to support a research project that will look to explore policy interventions to reduce the health impact of air pollution in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Policy interventions introduced by the Mongolian government have thus far failed in creating impact. (bath.ac.uk)
  • In the first research paper of this Special Collection, an analysis of the environmental impact of China's COVID-19 policy interventions relied on satellite measurements to identify an average 48% drop in nitrogen dioxide densities over China from 20 days before to 20 days after the Lunar New Year on January 25, 2020. (eurekalert.org)
  • In Iran, as a developing country in the Middle East, the increasing incidence of CVD has prompted the health policy-makers to emphasize on nutritional interventions as a part of the main strategies to alleviate the condition. (dovepress.com)
  • Hence, in this article, we aimed to review the nutritional interventions on preventing CVDs from the perspectives of Iranian lifestyles and dietary patterns using data search sources such as Medline, Google scholar, and Iran doc. (dovepress.com)
  • The goal of this review was to identify interventions that might reduce the likelihood of these cognitive errors. (bmj.com)
  • Recently, we reported that intervention with oltipraz, an effective inhibitor of experimental aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 )-induced hepatocarcinogenesis, produced protective alterations in the excretion of metabolites of AFB 1 in exposed individuals ( 8 ). (pnas.org)
  • For instance, it was more effective in reducing traumatic distress among those caregivers who reported more anxiety at the beginning of the transplant process, and we found this reduction to have carried through to the one-year follow up. (news-medical.net)
  • The intervention also was more effective in reducing depression in caregivers who reported higher depression at the time of the transplant, but these effects were not enduring, as they were not evident at the one-year follow up. (news-medical.net)
  • Interventions involving multiple agencies may be effective in reducing violent crime, according to a new POSTnote briefing co-authored by Nuffield Foundation Flowers Fellow, Francesca Boyd. (nuffieldfoundation.org)
  • The research finds that early interventions may be effective in reducing violent crime. (nuffieldfoundation.org)
  • Our program, which incorporates counseling tied to care management and coordination, showed that it is possible to put together an effective program that can improve cardiovascular health and reduce the health care disparities of people with major mental illnesses," says Gail Daumit, M.D., M.H.S., professor of medicine and psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Most importantly, it indicates that music interventions can be effective. (uva.nl)
  • BACKGROUND: Available evidence on effective interventions to reduce length of stay in hospital is wide-ranging and complex, with underlying factors including those acting at the health system, organisational and patient levels, and the interface between these. (rand.org)
  • Nurse-driven interventions, combined with system-wide product changes, and patient and family involvement may be effective strategies that reduce CAUTI. (nih.gov)
  • Using these new codes will increase the likelihood that an estimated 18.8 million Americans with serious alcohol abuse problems will receive effective intervention services that could possibly save their lives and promote wellbeing,'' adds Dr. Cline. (nih.gov)
  • the educational nursing intervention was effective in reducing phosphate and decreasing itching in hyperphosphatemic patients. (scielo.br)
  • Considering variation in efficacy between 10% and 70% of WSH for reducing S. haematobium transmission, our model predicted that community-based intervention is likely to be cost-effective in Zimbabwe at an aggregated WSH cost corresponding to US $725-$1,000 per individual over a 20-y intervention period. (pnas.org)
  • Strategies consisted of improving coverage of effective interventions, and could include improved logistics. (biomedsearch.com)
  • RESULTS: Increasing family planning was the most effective individual intervention to reduce pregnancy-related mortality, was cost saving in the Southwest zone and cost-effective elsewhere, and prevented nearly 1 in 5 abortion-related deaths. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This current effort in the worksite shows clearly that a proven healthy lifestyle program, like the Group Lifestyle Balance program, offered to people where they work is not only feasible but effective in reducing risk factors for diabetes and heart disease for participating employees. (medicalxpress.com)
  • It is not yet known whether management of a tobacco treatment intervention is more effective in reducing surgical complications than placebo. (centerwatch.com)
  • Participatory Ergonomic Interventions in Meatpacking Plants explores the use of the participatory approach, which is based on worker involvement, to reduce ergonomic hazards in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
  • To request a copy of Participatory Ergonomic Interventions in Meatpacking Plants (Publication No. 94-124) or for more information on NIOSH and other workplace concerns call: 1-800-35-NIOSH. (cdc.gov)
  • L. Quintiliani, J. Sattelmair, and G. Sorensen, The Workplace as a Setting for Interventions to Improve Diet and Promote Physical Activity , World Health Organization, 2007. (hindawi.com)
  • There is weak evidence for workplace interventions and for interventions targeting illicit alcohol sales. (nih.gov)
  • Results indicate that our intervention reduced anxiety, depression and - to a marginal degree - traumatic distress more than standard best practice materials, but the beneficial effects of the intervention relative to best practices were more short term than lasting. (news-medical.net)
  • The results suggest that a healthy lifestyle intervention may be well-suited to assist in preventing or reducing depressive symptoms among Latinas during pregnancy, with the stigma often attached to mental health treatment in the Latino community. (healthcanal.com)
  • The results show that better nutrition is associated with higher income, and that nutrition interventions have a substantial beneficial effect. (repec.org)
  • the results were reported only to ICUs assigned to the intervention. (rti.org)
  • RESULTS: During a 6-month intervention period, there were 5434 admissions to 10 intervention ICUs, and 3705 admissions to 8 control ICUs. (rti.org)
  • Overall, the results of this meta-synthesis suggest that interventions result in statistically significant effects albeit of relatively little clinical relevance. (rug.nl)
  • Combining the results of both trials showed moderate quality evidence that IIT reduces CIP/CIM. (cochrane.org)
  • Results We identified 141 articles for full review, 42 reporting tested interventions to reduce the likelihood of cognitive errors, 100 containing suggestions, and one article with both suggested and tested interventions. (bmj.com)
  • Results showed that FCRI scores continued to decrease over time, with significant differences between the interventions observed at 3 and 6 months. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The hope is that the positive results of this fear-reducing intervention will pave the way for making it more widely available to patients. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Based on these results, the Israeli National Center for Infection Control (NCIC) initiated a multifaceted intervention in all PACHs, as part of a national program involving all healthcare facilities in the country. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This will include creating and validating systems models to understand the real-world system and to allow modelling of interventions, synthesising results and recommending intervention strategies. (qub.ac.uk)
  • Of particular interest is the fact that these results were present regardless of whether a therapist or computer intervention was used. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • New findings published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports reveal how physically active older adults benefit from reduced risks of early death, breast and prostate cancer, fractures, recurrent falls, functional limitations, cognitive decline, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, and depression. (brightsurf.com)
  • Diabetes and depression are chronic diseases that affect the quality of life of people and they increase disability and reduced life expectancy. (centerwatch.com)
  • Numerous violence prevention programs have been implemented and evaluated, but no information was gathered about which components are most successful or which intervention components work best in diff erent business settings. (cdc.gov)
  • Children attending intervention centers received a 7-session program designed to reduce television viewing as part of a health promotion curriculum, whereas children attending the control centers received a safety and injury prevention program. (nih.gov)
  • Considering the fact that music interventions are very easy and inexpensive to integrate in daily lives and medical settings, and lack side effects, the moderate tranquilizing effects of music are significant for the prevention and treatment of stress-related problems. (uva.nl)
  • This review aims to summarize the effectiveness of these various therapeutic interventions in reducing the risk of progression of prediabetes to diabetes, and address the challenges to implement a diabetes prevention program at a community level. (dovepress.com)
  • Although prediabetes is associated with health and economic burdens, it has not been adequately addressed by interventions or regulatory agencies in terms of prevention or disease management. (dovepress.com)
  • In January, 2008 new codes will allow physicians to report services they provide to screen patients for alcohol problems and to provide a behavioral intervention for high-risk drinking. (nih.gov)
  • I. To determine if varenicline plus a behavioral intervention consisting of a brief clinician-delivered intervention and tobacco quitline follow-up, decreases postsurgical complications through 24 weeks after surgery when compared to placebo plus the behavioral intervention in lung cancer patients who undergo surgery and are motivated to stop smoking. (centerwatch.com)
  • ATLANTA, March 2 (UPI) -- According to physicians at Albany Medical Center, in New York, a new minimally invasive intervention for patients dealing with recurring migraines was able to reduce the severity of symptoms and diminish the need for migraine meds. (upi.com)
  • Thus, 825 patients (90%) having at least one emergency admission would not be identified using this approach, highlighting the limitations of applying risk prediction models for the purposes of reducing overall emergency admissions. (bmj.com)
  • About 75 percent of the net improvement was due to patients who were at high risk for poor medication adherence achieving the PDC80 benchmark after the intervention. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Choroid plexectomy reduces neurosurgical intervention in patients with hydranencephaly. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The total incidence of complications related to surgery was also lower in this group (7 in group A, 0 in group B). CONCLUSION: In our experience, choroid plexectomy in patients with hydranencephaly reduces the incidence of reoperation and readmission, the number of days of hospitalization related to the surgical procedure and the total number of complications in comparison to patients undergoing CSF diversion. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A pre/post intervention design was used in this quality improvement project to test the impact of nurse-driven interventions based on current evidence to reduce CAUTIs in hospitalized patients on 2 medical/surgical units. (nih.gov)
  • Emergency department patients who underwent a regimen of alcohol screening and brief intervention reported lower rates of risky drinking at three-month follow-up than did those who received only written information about reducing their drinking. (nih.gov)
  • Patients in the intervention group also received a written handout explaining low-risk drinking and a referral list of alcohol treatment providers. (nih.gov)
  • to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational nursing intervention to reduce hyperphosphataemia in chronic renal patients on hemodialysis. (scielo.br)
  • The intervention consisted of developing and providing a printed and illustrated manual to patients containing information on disease control. (scielo.br)
  • OBJECTIVE The Diabetes Care Protocol (DCP), a multifaceted computerized decision support diabetes management intervention, reduces cardiovascular risk of type 2 diabetic patients. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Twelve patients fell 18 times in the intervention group compared with 26 patients suffering 60 falls in the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • Patients completed the questionnaire at enrollment, immediately after the intervention, and 3 and 6 months later. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • CALM is novel, brief, tailored supportive-expressive intervention for patients with advanced cancer and a prognosis of at least 1-year survival. (ascopost.com)
  • This randomized phase III trial studies how well management of a tobacco treatment intervention works in reducing surgical complications in patients with newly diagnosed lung cancer who smoke cigarettes. (centerwatch.com)
  • To compare the proportion of patients 12 weeks and 24 weeks after surgery who endorse ("Was It Worth It") each treatment (intervention versus [vs] control groups). (centerwatch.com)
  • The patients who received interventions reported significant reduction in drinking during the follow-up periods. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • To determine whether a multicomponent nutrition intervention program at a corporate site reduces body weight and improves other cardiovascular risk factors in overweight individuals. (nih.gov)
  • Research from an investigator at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and colleagues from other facilities across the country, shows a social-cognitive intervention designed for parents of children undergoing a stem cell transplant had beneficial effects in reducing caregiver distress during the hospitalization period as compared with current best-practice psychosocial care. (news-medical.net)
  • Our aim in this project was to align care with the American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines by decreasing the overuse of these interventions. (aappublications.org)
  • Interventions consisted of hospital-wide strategies including policy and product improvements and unit-specific strategies that focused on a review of current evidence to guide practice. (nih.gov)
  • The DCP comprises several interventions, including a diabetes consultation hour run by a practice nurse, a computerized decision support system (CDSS), a recall system, and feedback on performance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Policy simulations make clear that if one intends to halve malnutrition rates by 2015 (the Millennium Development Goals objective), income growth will have to be complemented by large-scale program interventions. (repec.org)
  • Our objective was to determine whether a remotely delivered behavioral health intervention could improve medical health, reduce hospital admissions, and lower cost of care for individuals with a recent cardiovascular event. (ajmc.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -To determine whether reducing dietary fat would reduce body weight and improve long-term glycemia in people with glucose intolerance. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The medication safely reduces craving in active drinkers. (medindia.net)
  • Alcohol Interventions Among Underage Drinkers in the ED: A Randomized Controlled Trial," Pediatrics 2015, doi:10.1542/peds.2015-1260. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • The Intervention Group showed more drinking reduction among heavy drinkers. (birthpsychology.com)
  • Interestingly, there were no differences between intervention and control groups in baseline testosterone concentrations or aggressive behavior at the beginning of the experiment," Carré explains. (eurekalert.org)
  • Before the intervention, the intervention and control groups viewed 11.9 and 14.0 h/wk of television/videos, respectively. (nih.gov)
  • During 2011, 29,042 people had prescriptions filled at 107 Rite Aid pharmacies that implemented the screening and brief intervention approach (SBI) and 30,454 people who went to 111 'control' pharmacies that didn't use SBI. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The intensive intervention group also experienced greater improvements in fitness, diabetes control, blood pressure, HDL (good) cholesterol, and triglycerides. (medindia.net)
  • The intervention group reported drinking three fewer drinks per week than the controls, and more than one-third of individuals in the intervention group reported drinking at low-risk levels, compared with about one-fifth of those in the control group. (nih.gov)
  • The LDL cholesterol concentration of children from families who participated in the lifestyle intervention was slightly reduced during the two-year follow-up, whereas no similar change was observed in children in the control group. (brightsurf.com)
  • Practicing physicians were randomly assigned to facilitated, small-group intervention curriculum for one hour every two weeks (N=37) or control with unstructured, protected time for one hour every two weeks (N=37). (the-hospitalist.org)
  • Compared to the non-trial cohort, depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and overall burnout decreased substantially in the intervention arm and slightly in the control arm. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • La intervención consistió en guiar los pacientes y proporcionar un manual impreso e ilustrado con informaciones sobre el control de la enfermedad. (scielo.br)
  • The control group will receive written materials on reducing ETS and a multivitamin with the B-complex and Vitamin D. The infants will be followed for 12 months. (epa.gov)
  • There is a need to strengthen the evidence base for the equity impact of youth tobacco control interventions. (bmj.com)
  • However, the more compliant 50% of the intervention group maintained lower fasting and 2-h glucose at 5 years ( P = 0.041 and P = 0.026, respectively) compared with control subjects. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Only one patient with dementia fell in the intervention group compared with 11 in the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • The crude postoperative fall incidence rate was 6.29/1,000 days in the intervention group vs 16.28/1,000 days in the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • There were no new fractures in the intervention group but four in the control group. (diva-portal.org)
  • The overall intervention yielded a reduction in intake of owned cats that was greater in total numbers and percentage than four control areas. (scirp.org)
  • Furthermore, this work identified a percentage of cat spay/neuter out of the estimated number of owned, originally intact cats within the intervention and control areas. (scirp.org)
  • We hypothesize that the intervention will result in a 25% reduction in the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use while the control group will only have a 5% reduction. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The average FCRI score at baseline was 82.7 and 85.7 in the intervention and control arms, respectively. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The intervention included: 1) on-site assessments of infection control. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Broadening our focus to long-term care facilities made an impact and reduced the prevalence of these infections, demonstrating the need to look beyond acute care hospitals in our infection control interventions. (bio-medicine.org)
  • I. To compare changes from baseline to 12 and 24 weeks after surgery in the patient quality of life (Linear Analogue Self-Assessment [LASA]-12) domains between the intervention (varenicline) and control group (placebo). (centerwatch.com)
  • To compare changes from baseline to 6, 12 and 24 weeks after surgery in the patient quality of life related domains (LASA) for the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 and Smoking Self Efficacy Questionnaire (SEQ)12 between the intervention and control groups. (centerwatch.com)
  • To compare post-operative care (as measured by length of hospital and high dependency unit stay) between the intervention and control groups. (centerwatch.com)
  • V. To compare treatment adherence between the intervention and control groups. (centerwatch.com)
  • Findings from Participatory Ergonomic Interventions in Meatpacking Plants are summarized on the following page. (cdc.gov)
  • From a public health perspective, these findings suggest that hepatitis virus vaccination programs and efforts to reduce aflatoxin exposures could have a major impact on the incidence of this disease. (pnas.org)
  • The findings suggest that incorporating this comprehensive intervention in a high-need, high-risk population can have a positive impact on cardiovascular risk scores. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • These findings implicate that intervention with high-lipid enteral nutrition following events such as severe trauma is a potential therapy to attenuate the developing inflammatory response. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • These new findings underscore the importance of using the American Medical Association health care codes for substance abuse screening and brief intervention," said SAMHSA Administrator Terry Cline, Ph.D. (nih.gov)
  • Management of a tobacco treatment intervention compares varenicline (a drug that reduces the craving and withdrawal symptoms that occur with abstinence from nicotine) and behavioral interventions (consisting of a brief clinician-delivered intervention and tobacco quitline [tobacco cessation service available through a toll-free telephone number] follow-up) with placebo (a pill with no active medication) along with similar behavioral interventions. (centerwatch.com)
  • Background: Culturally sensitive intervention programs are needed to help Native American and Hispanic populations reduce alcohol, drug and tobacco use during pregnancy. (birthpsychology.com)
  • The small group norms-challenging model intervention: a social norms intervention with targeted high risk groups. (springer.com)
  • It outlines types and prevalence of violent crime, describes associated risk factors for involvement, and presents evidence on the effectiveness of early interventions to counter these risk factors and prevent violent crime. (nuffieldfoundation.org)
  • A multicomponent intervention reduces body weight and cardiovascular risk at a GEICO corporate site. (nih.gov)
  • Additionally, these people more commonly face special challenges in receiving heart-healthy interventions because of reduced attention or decision-making skills, and socioeconomic risk factors such as poverty, lack of social support and access to healthy foods. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • With a structured intervention, we believe that it would be feasible to use the existing framework to reduce cardiovascular risk in persons with serious mental illness nationwide," says Daumit. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • But while these medications often reduce the symptoms of these disorders, the effectiveness of such medications to decrease the risk of suicide is unknown. (nap.edu)
  • See related handout on reducing cancer risk , written by the authors of this article. (aafp.org)
  • Maintaining a healthy weight, staying physically active throughout life, and consuming a healthy diet can substantially reduce the lifetime risk of developing cancer, as well as influence overall health and survival after a cancer diagnosis. (aafp.org)
  • The research, funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment (NIHR HTA) Programme, will develop an education approach, originally designed by the University of Leicester DESMOND team, to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, for people with schizophrenia. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • and b) that individual maternal education to reduce exposure to ETS, a household intervention to reduce allergen exposures, and antioxidant supplementation will reduce the risk of asthma- related biomarkers and persistent wheeze among infants in the cohort identified as "high risk" based on elevated immunoglobulin (IgE) at 24 months. (epa.gov)
  • and b) whether the effect of the community-based and the household based intervention also varies as a function of community-level risk factors. (epa.gov)
  • Any measures that can reduce the progression to diabetes in such high-risk populations will have major health benefits. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The trial found that edging out red meat consumption in favor of greens reduced oxidative-related DNA damage, a marker of CRC risk, along with increasing circulating vitamin K1 levels. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • Indeed, lifestyle intervention in people at high risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been successful in achieving sustained behavioral changes and a reduction in diabetes incidence even after the counseling is stopped. (dovepress.com)
  • Animal shelters focus much of their efforts towards decreasing euthanasia and one of the best ways to reduce euthanasia risk may be to prevent cats and dogs from ever entering a shelter. (scirp.org)
  • Wiysonge CS, Shey MS, Sterne JA, Brocklehurst P . Vitamin A supplementation for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. (cochrane.org)
  • Volmink J, Siegfried NL, van der Merwe L, Brocklehurst P . Antiretrovirals for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. (cochrane.org)
  • Randomised trials comparing any intervention aimed at decreasing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection compared with placebo or no treatment, or any two or more interventions aimed at decreasing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection. (cochrane.org)
  • that is, the risk to an individual of getting a disease must be weighed against the cost, risk, and discomfort of the preventive intervention. (nap.edu)
  • Being in the Intervention Group (OR = 0.22) decreased the risk for use of analgesia or anesthesia, oxytocin use during labor (OR = 0.23), the infant's having a low Apgar at one minute (OR = 0.15) and at 5 minutes (OR = 0.18). (birthpsychology.com)
  • Nevertheless, assessment is an important component of psychopharmacological and psychotherapeutic interventions. (nap.edu)
  • Medical and surgical interventions for the treatment of urinary stones in children. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To analyse available review-level evidence on the effectiveness of population-level interventions in non-clinical settings to reduce alcohol consumption or related health or social harm. (nih.gov)
  • Those in a so-called "intensive lifestyle intervention group" met regularly with a lifestyle counselor in a combination of group and individual sessions. (medindia.net)
  • For decades, music has been used to help reducing stress, such as music activities (for example singing or music making), music listening for a certain patient group, and live music therapy offered by music therapists. (uva.nl)
  • Parents of those in the intervention group participated in 18 sessions over the course of the year where they watched videos of themselves interacting with their child and got feedback from therapists so that they could understand how to better communicate. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • They found that 17 percent fewer children in the intervention group had severe symptoms as compared to kids whose parents did not get the specialized training. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • Does an intervention involving a facilitated physician small group result in improvement in well-being and reduction in burnout? (the-hospitalist.org)
  • A facilitated, small-group intervention with institution-provided protected time can improve physician empowerment and engagement and reduce depersonalization, an important component of burnout. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • The mothers in the treatment group will receive one-on-one educational counseling regarding the risks of ETS and other environmental hazards, an integrated pest management intervention to reduce indoor exposure to cockroach and house dust mite allergens, and nutritional supplementation of the children with a multivitamin containing the Recommended Daily Allowances of the antioxidants (A, C, E, selenium) and Vitamin D and the B vitamins. (epa.gov)
  • Research also showed that the assignment to the treatment group substantially reduced the likelihood of plagiarism, especially among students with low SAT scores. (healthcanal.com)
  • The group that was randomized to a reduced-fat diet participated in monthly small-group education sessions on reduced-fat eating for 1 year. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • After four weeks, the intervention group was instructed to return to their normal diet for the remaining eight weeks. (nutraceuticalsworld.com)
  • The option of the DVD with lifestyle coach support not only served as the main intervention option for those employees who traveled or who did not want to participate in the program in a group venue but also offered a valuable replacement for employees who chose to participate via group setting but had to miss an occasional session. (medicalxpress.com)
  • This group will not receive a brief intervention in the ED. They will receive a pamphlet with general health information for older adults, as well as contact information for an outpatient alcohol treatment center where they have the option to follow-up for alcohol treatment at their discretion. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The CALM group had reduced severity of depressive symptoms at 3 months (Cohen's d = 0.23, P = .04), with the effect appearing to be increased at 6 months (Cohen's d = 0.29, P = .02). (ascopost.com)
  • Being in the Intervention Group was associated with a greater likelihood of normal delivery (OR = 4.40). (birthpsychology.com)
  • Membership in the Intervention Group protected against cesarean delivery (OR = 0.33). (birthpsychology.com)
  • 43 articles were identified, and a taxonomy was developed to categorize interventions into 3 domains that encompassed 12 distinct activities. (annals.org)
  • It will evaluate the effect of reduced caloric intake and increased physical activity on the incidence of major cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke, and cardiovascular-related death. (medindia.net)
  • Regular exercise especially in type II diabetes not only helps reduce the sugar but also reduces the demand for medication by 20% and helps you stay healthy. (medindia.net)
  • What we've found is that when women's asthma is controlled optimally by adjusting medication according to lung inflammation, is that we're potentially preventing bronchiolitis in babies, and reducing the rate of asthma in pre-schoolers who are susceptible," Dr Murphy explained. (edu.au)
  • Predischarge interventions included patient education, medication reconciliation, discharge planning, and scheduling of a follow-up appointment before discharge. (annals.org)
  • Nonacademic staff, in particular, specified a variety of organizational stress-reduction interventions. (hindawi.com)
  • At 3 week follow up, there was a significant decrease in perceptions of peers' sexism for intervention groups, indicating that a brief intervention may be useful in sexism reduction. (springer.com)
  • They found that music interventions had a significant effect on stress reduction. (uva.nl)
  • Therefore, it is important to show also the effects and applicability of non-pharmacological short-term interventions for stress reduction. (uva.nl)
  • The authors evaluate the joint contribution of income growth and nutrition interventions toward the reduction of malnutrition. (repec.org)
  • The web tutorial reduced instances of plagiarism by roughly two percentage points, a reduction of nearly two-thirds. (healthcanal.com)
  • We used the model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a multifaceted community-based intervention for preventing schistosomiasis and, consequently, HIV infections in rural Zimbabwe, from the perspective of a health payer. (pnas.org)
  • The community-based intervention combined provision of clean water, sanitation, and health education (WSH) with administration of praziquantel to school-aged children. (pnas.org)
  • These costs compare favorably with empirical measures of WSH provision in developing countries, indicating that integrated community-based intervention for reducing the transmission of S. haematobium is an economically attractive strategy for reducing schistosomiasis and HIV transmission in sub-Saharan Africa that would have a powerful impact on averting infections and saving lives. (pnas.org)
  • The data from the intervention arm will be fit to a GLMM with toxicity as the outcome, percent of recommended interventions as the fixed effect, and NCORP site as a random effect independent of residual error. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Future progress in this area will require methodological refinements in outcome evaluation and rigorously evaluating interventions already suggested, many of which are well conceptualised and widely endorsed. (bmj.com)
  • The Fast Track intervention program teaches children social cognitive skills, such as emotional regulation and social problem solving, and previous research suggests that the program may lead to decreased antisocial behavior and aggression in childhood and adolescence. (eurekalert.org)
  • When we followed up on these children four to six years later we found that the rates of childhood asthma were very much reduced. (edu.au)
  • Individual dietary interventions alone fail to change body mass index (BMI) or the standardized BMI z-score (zBMI) across all age groups. (aafp.org)
  • We previously reported a 1-year randomized controlled trial of a reduced-dietary-fat intervention ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • To develop and evaluate an intervention to reduce television viewing by preschool children. (nih.gov)
  • Beginning in the first year', the Center will work in partnership with community organizations to develop, implement, and evaluate a communitywide intervention to increase awareness of environmental health hazards, particularly ETS and other airborne pollutants, and empower community members to take preventive action. (epa.gov)
  • and (3) Interventions that provide cognitive 'help' that included use of electronic records and integrated decision support, informaticians and facilitating access to information, second opinions and specialists. (bmj.com)
  • Importantly, alcohol problems are evident in the early stages of college attendance, suggesting the potential utility and relevance of early intervention. (goodtherapy.org)
  • For the trial, children with autism were randomly assigned to either participate in a 12-month early intervention program or simply receive standard care. (disabilityscoop.com)
  • Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) is a multi-center, randomized clinical trial investigating the effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention program. (medindia.net)
  • Clinical trials have demonstrated that it is possible to prevent diabetes through lifestyle modification, pharmacological intervention, and surgery. (dovepress.com)
  • low-quality evidence), but no evidence of effect on the need for blood transfusion with misoprostol, oxytocin, tranexamic acid, ascorbic acid, loop ligation of the myoma pseudocapsule and a fibrin sealant patch.There were insufficient data on the adverse effects and costs of the different interventions. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Reducing child malnutrition in Tanzania: Combined effects of income growth and program interventions ," Economics & Human Biology , Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 1-23, January. (repec.org)
  • Reducing child malnutrition in Tanzania - combined effects of income growth and program interventions ," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3567, The World Bank. (repec.org)
  • Evaluating the Effects of Optimally Distributed Public Programs: ChildHealth and Family Planning Interventions ," American Economic Review , American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 470-482, June. (repec.org)
  • Data on the effects of lifestyle intervention on carotid IMT in African Americans does not exist. (ahajournals.org)
  • A British school-based intervention (A Stop Smoking in Schools Trial (ASSIST)) showed mixed equity effects (neutral and positive). (bmj.com)
  • These tips reduce the negative effects of alcohol consumption. (medindia.net)
  • Daumit says a basic framework for this type of intervention already exists in a Medicaid health home program that uses nurse care managers in community mental health programs. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The program is an 8-week behavioral health intervention delivered by a licensed clinical social worker and a behavioral coach via phone or secure video. (ajmc.com)
  • A multidisciplinary, multifactorial intervention program reduces postoperative falls and injuries after femoral neck fracture. (diva-portal.org)
  • This provides a promising avenue for further exploration, as the ability to create a stand-alone, automated intervention program would afford a much easier method of future implementation. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Intervention to promote physician well-being, job satisfaction, and professionalism: a randomized clinical trial. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared potential interventions to reduce blood loss during myomectomy to placebo or no treatment. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • We explore the benefits and cost-effectiveness of individual and integrated packages of interventions to prevent pregnancy-related deaths. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The BNI is a standardized, well-described intervention that has been implemented in a broad range of clinical settings but has not been specifically tested in older adults in the ED. Following the BNI, we will provide a referral for further care for the patient that is stratified by severity of alcohol misuse. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The efficacy of the individual intervention will be evaluated by comparing the pre- and post-intervention levels of allergens (monitored by the Exposure Assessment Core), children's blood levels of cotinine, antioxidants (A, C and E), and IgE, as well as respiratory symptoms. (epa.gov)
  • The CALM intervention reduced depressive symptoms vs usual care. (ascopost.com)
  • Previous studies have shown the efficacy of the PST in reducing depressive and anxiety symptoms. (centerwatch.com)
  • We reviewed the evidence about the effect of treatments to prevent or reduce complications affecting the nerves or muscles during the severe, early phase of critical illness. (cochrane.org)