Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the anterior part of the brain, the eye and its appendages, the forehead and nose.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.
The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.
WHITE MATTER pathway, flanked by nuclear masses, consisting of both afferent and efferent fibers projecting between the WHITE MATTER and the BRAINSTEM. It consists of three distinct parts: an anterior limb, posterior limb, and genu.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles and mammary gland.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The intergenic DNA segments that are between the ribosomal RNA genes (internal transcribed spacers) and between the tandemly repeated units of rDNA (external transcribed spacers and nontranscribed spacers).
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The splitting of the vessel wall in one or both (left and right) internal carotid arteries (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL). Interstitial hemorrhage into the media of the vessel wall can lead to occlusion of the internal carotid artery and aneurysm formation.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
Veins in the neck which drain the brain, face, and neck into the brachiocephalic or subclavian veins.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Multicomponent ribonucleoprotein structures found in the CYTOPLASM of all cells, and in MITOCHONDRIA, and PLASTIDS. They function in PROTEIN BIOSYNTHESIS via GENETIC TRANSLATION.
A basis of value established for the measure of quantity, weight, extent or quality, e.g. weight standards, standard solutions, methods, techniques, and procedures used in diagnosis and therapy.
Arteries originating from the subclavian or axillary arteries and distributing to the anterior thoracic wall, mediastinal structures, diaphragm, pectoral muscles, mammary gland and the axillary aspect of the chest wall.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.
The sequence at the 5' end of the messenger RNA that does not code for product. This sequence contains the ribosome binding site and other transcription and translation regulating sequences.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Narrowing or stricture of any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES, most often due to atherosclerotic plaque formation. Ulcerations may form in atherosclerotic plaques and induce THROMBUS formation. Platelet or cholesterol emboli may arise from stenotic carotid lesions and induce a TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT; or temporary blindness (AMAUROSIS FUGAX). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp 822-3)
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.
The terminal segment of the LARGE INTESTINE, beginning from the ampulla of the RECTUM and ending at the anus.
Radiography of the vascular system of the brain after injection of a contrast medium.
Branch of the common carotid artery which supplies the exterior of the head, the face, and the greater part of the neck.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 5.8S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A process of GENETIC TRANSLATION whereby the formation of a peptide chain is started. It includes assembly of the RIBOSOME components, the MESSENGER RNA coding for the polypeptide to be made, INITIATOR TRNA, and PEPTIDE INITIATION FACTORS; and placement of the first amino acid in the peptide chain. The details and components of this process are unique for prokaryotic protein biosynthesis and eukaryotic protein biosynthesis.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A family of small RNA viruses comprising some important pathogens of humans and animals. Transmission usually occurs mechanically. There are nine genera: APHTHOVIRUS; CARDIOVIRUS; ENTEROVIRUS; ERBOVIRUS; HEPATOVIRUS; KOBUVIRUS; PARECHOVIRUS; RHINOVIRUS; and TESCHOVIRUS.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
Determination, by measurement or comparison with a standard, of the correct value of each scale reading on a meter or other measuring instrument; or determination of the settings of a control device that correspond to particular values of voltage, current, frequency or other output.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A codon that directs initiation of protein translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) by stimulating the binding of initiator tRNA (RNA, TRANSFER, MET). In prokaryotes, the codons AUG or GUG can act as initiators while in eukaryotes, AUG is the only initiator codon.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Blood clot formation in any part of the CAROTID ARTERIES. This may produce CAROTID STENOSIS or occlusion of the vessel, leading to TRANSIENT ISCHEMIC ATTACK; CEREBRAL INFARCTION; or AMAUROSIS FUGAX.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.
Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.
Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A receptor tyrosine kinase that is involved in HEMATOPOIESIS. It is closely related to FMS PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN and is commonly mutated in acute MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
A method of delineating blood vessels by subtracting a tissue background image from an image of tissue plus intravascular contrast material that attenuates the X-ray photons. The background image is determined from a digitized image taken a few moments before injection of the contrast material. The resulting angiogram is a high-contrast image of the vessel. This subtraction technique allows extraction of a high-intensity signal from the superimposed background information. The image is thus the result of the differential absorption of X-rays by different tissues.
Pathological processes which result in the partial or complete obstruction of ARTERIES. They are characterized by greatly reduced or absence of blood flow through these vessels. They are also known as arterial insufficiency.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
A superorder of CEPHALOPODS comprised of squid, cuttlefish, and their relatives. Their distinguishing feature is the modification of their fourth pair of arms into tentacles, resulting in 10 limbs.
Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The type species of CARDIOVIRUS causing encephalomyelitis and myocarditis in rodents, pigs, and monkeys. Infection in man has been reported with CNS involvement but without myocarditis.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
DNA sequences encoding RIBOSOMAL RNA and the segments of DNA separating the individual ribosomal RNA genes, referred to as RIBOSOMAL SPACER DNA.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
Products resulting from the conversion of one language to another.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
The excision of the thickened, atheromatous tunica intima of a carotid artery.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
The first branch of the SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY with distribution to muscles of the NECK; VERTEBRAE; SPINAL CORD; CEREBELLUM; and interior of the CEREBRUM.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
A RNA-binding protein that binds to polypyriminidine rich regions in the INTRONS of messenger RNAs. Polypyrimidine tract-binding protein may be involved in regulating the ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of mRNAs since its presence on an intronic RNA region that is upstream of an EXON inhibits the splicing of the exon into the final mRNA product.
Conversion from one language to another language.
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Deletion of sequences of nucleic acids from the genetic material of an individual.
A polygonal anastomosis at the base of the brain formed by the internal carotid (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL), proximal parts of the anterior, middle, and posterior cerebral arteries (ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY; MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY; POSTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), the anterior communicating artery and the posterior communicating arteries.
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Non-invasive method of vascular imaging and determination of internal anatomy without injection of contrast media or radiation exposure. The technique is used especially in CEREBRAL ANGIOGRAPHY as well as for studies of other vascular structures.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
Chromatographic techniques in which the mobile phase is a liquid.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Connective tissue comprised chiefly of elastic fibers. Elastic fibers have two components: ELASTIN and MICROFIBRILS.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Copies of DNA sequences which lie adjacent to each other in the same orientation (direct tandem repeats) or in the opposite direction to each other (INVERTED TANDEM REPEATS).
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
The physiological restoration of bone tissue and function after a fracture. It includes BONY CALLUS formation and normal replacement of bone tissue.
Sequences of DNA or RNA that occur in multiple copies. There are several types: INTERSPERSED REPETITIVE SEQUENCES are copies of transposable elements (DNA TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS or RETROELEMENTS) dispersed throughout the genome. TERMINAL REPEAT SEQUENCES flank both ends of another sequence, for example, the long terminal repeats (LTRs) on RETROVIRUSES. Variations may be direct repeats, those occurring in the same direction, or inverted repeats, those opposite to each other in direction. TANDEM REPEAT SEQUENCES are copies which lie adjacent to each other, direct or inverted (INVERTED REPEAT SEQUENCES).
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Any of the DNA in between gene-coding DNA, including untranslated regions, 5' and 3' flanking regions, INTRONS, non-functional pseudogenes, and non-functional repetitive sequences. This DNA may or may not encode regulatory functions.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect combined with real-time imaging. The real-time image is created by rapid movement of the ultrasound beam. A powerful advantage of this technique is the ability to estimate the velocity of flow from the Doppler shift frequency.
Placement of an intravenous CATHETER in the subclavian, jugular, or other central vein.
An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
The arterial blood vessels supplying the CEREBRUM.
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any one of the iliac arteries including the common, the internal, or the external ILIAC ARTERY.
The visualization of deep structures of the body by recording the reflections or echoes of ultrasonic pulses directed into the tissues. Use of ultrasound for imaging or diagnostic purposes employs frequencies ranging from 1.6 to 10 megahertz.
The vein which drains the foot and leg.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The direct continuation of the brachial trunk, originating at the bifurcation of the brachial artery opposite the neck of the radius. Its branches may be divided into three groups corresponding to the three regions in which the vessel is situated, the forearm, wrist, and hand.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Nucleic acid structures found on the 5' end of eukaryotic cellular and viral messenger RNA and some heterogeneous nuclear RNAs. These structures, which are positively charged, protect the above specified RNAs at their termini against attack by phosphatases and other nucleases and promote mRNA function at the level of initiation of translation. Analogs of the RNA caps (RNA CAP ANALOGS), which lack the positive charge, inhibit the initiation of protein synthesis.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
Microsurgical revascularization to improve intracranial circulation. It usually involves joining the extracranial circulation to the intracranial circulation but may include extracranial revascularization (e.g., subclavian-vertebral artery bypass, subclavian-external carotid artery bypass). It is performed by joining two arteries (direct anastomosis or use of graft) or by free autologous transplantation of highly vascularized tissue to the surface of the brain.
Constituent of the 40S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 18S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.
Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.
Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
The most abundant form of RNA. Together with proteins, it forms the ribosomes, playing a structural role and also a role in ribosomal binding of mRNA and tRNAs. Individual chains are conventionally designated by their sedimentation coefficients. In eukaryotes, four large chains exist, synthesized in the nucleolus and constituting about 50% of the ribosome. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Maintenance of blood flow to an organ despite obstruction of a principal vessel. Blood flow is maintained through small vessels.
The two principal arteries supplying the structures of the head and neck. They ascend in the neck, one on each side, and at the level of the upper border of the thyroid cartilage, each divides into two branches, the external (CAROTID ARTERY, EXTERNAL) and internal (CAROTID ARTERY, INTERNAL) carotid arteries.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Brief reversible episodes of focal, nonconvulsive ischemic dysfunction of the brain having a duration of less than 24 hours, and usually less than one hour, caused by transient thrombotic or embolic blood vessel occlusion or stenosis. Events may be classified by arterial distribution, temporal pattern, or etiology (e.g., embolic vs. thrombotic). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp814-6)
The movement of materials across cell membranes and epithelial layers against an electrochemical gradient, requiring the expenditure of metabolic energy.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Surgical excision, performed under general anesthesia, of the atheromatous tunica intima of an artery. When reconstruction of an artery is performed as an endovascular procedure through a catheter, it is called ATHERECTOMY.
A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
Sequences within RNA that regulate the processing, stability (RNA STABILITY) or translation (TRANSLATION, GENETIC) of RNA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.
Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
The formation of an area of NECROSIS in the CEREBRUM caused by an insufficiency of arterial or venous blood flow. Infarcts of the cerebrum are generally classified by hemisphere (i.e., left vs. right), lobe (e.g., frontal lobe infarction), arterial distribution (e.g., INFARCTION, ANTERIOR CEREBRAL ARTERY), and etiology (e.g., embolic infarction).
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
The use of metallic devices inserted into or through bone to hold a fracture in a set position and alignment while it heals.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A category of nucleic acid sequences that function as units of heredity and which code for the basic instructions for the development, reproduction, and maintenance of organisms.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Either of two fleshy protuberances at the lower posterior section of the trunk or HIP in humans and primate on which a person or animal sits, consisting of gluteal MUSCLES and fat.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.
Fractionation of a vaporized sample as a consequence of partition between a mobile gaseous phase and a stationary phase held in a column. Two types are gas-solid chromatography, where the fixed phase is a solid, and gas-liquid, in which the stationary phase is a nonvolatile liquid supported on an inert solid matrix.
The continuation of the axillary vein which follows the subclavian artery and then joins the internal jugular vein to form the brachiocephalic vein.
Cell membrane glycoproteins that are selectively permeable to potassium ions. At least eight major groups of K channels exist and they are made up of dozens of different subunits.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A dead body, usually a human body.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.

Relationships between various attitudes towards self-determination in health care with special reference to an advance directive. (1/1152)

OBJECTIVES: The subject of patient self-determination in health care has gained broad interest because of the increasing number of incompetent patients. In an attempt to solve the problems related to doctors' decision making in such circumstances, advance directives have been developed. The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between public attitudes towards patient autonomy and advance directives. SUBJECTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A stratified random sample of 600 adults in northern Sweden was surveyed by a questionnaire with a response rate of 78.2%. The subjects were asked about their wish for control of their health care, their concerns about health care, their treatment preferences in a life-threatening situation (both reversible and irreversible), and their attitudes towards the application of advance directives. RESULTS: Numerous relationships between various aspects of self-determination in health care (desire for control, fears of over-treatment, and choice of treatment level) in general and advance directives, in particular, were found. Those who wanted to have a say in their health care (about 94%) also mainly supported the use of an advance directive. CONCLUSIONS: The fact that almost 30% of the respondents were undecided concerning their personal use of advance directives points to a lack of knowledge and to the necessity of education of the public on these issues.  (+info)

Quality of life associated with varying degrees of chronic lower limb ischaemia: comparison with a healthy sample. (2/1152)

OBJECTIVES: To assess quality of life in patients with varying degrees of ischaemia in comparison with controls, and to determine whether the degree of lower limb ischaemia and sense of coherence were associated with quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 168 patients, including 93 claudicants and 75 patients with critical ischaemia and 102 controls were studied. Quality of life was assessed using the Nottingham Health Profile in addition to the Sense of Coherence scale. MAIN RESULTS: Patients with lower limb ischaemia scored significantly reduced quality of life in all aspects compared to controls. Pain, physical mobility and emotional reactions were the significant independent factors when using logistic regression analysis. The grade of disease and low sense of coherence were significantly associated with low quality of life. Increasing lower limb ischaemia significantly conferred worse pain, sleeping disturbances and immobility. CONCLUSION: This study showed that the quality of life was impaired among patients with lower limb ischaemia, in all investigated respects. The degree to which quality of life was affected seems to represent an interplay between the grade of ischaemia and the patient's sense of coherence. This suggests the need for a multidimensional assessment prior to intervention.  (+info)

Lifetime low-level exposure to environmental lead and children's emotional and behavioral development at ages 11-13 years. The Port Pirie Cohort Study. (3/1152)

The Port Pirie Cohort Study is the first study to monitor prospectively the association between lifetime blood lead exposure and the prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems experienced by children. Lead exposure data along with ratings on the Child Behavior Checklist were obtained for 322 11-13-year-old children from the lead smelting community of Port Pirie, Australia. Mean total behavior problem score (95% confidence interval (CI)) for boys whose lifetime average blood lead concentration was above 15 microg/dl was 28.7 (24.6-32.8) compared with 21.1 (17.5-24.8) in boys with lower exposure levels. The corresponding mean scores (95% CI) for girls were 29.7 (25.3-34.2) and 18.0 (14.7-21.3). After controlling for a number of confounding variables, including the quality of the child's HOME environment (assessed by Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment), maternal psychopathology, and the child's IQ, regression modeling predicted that for a hypothetical increase in lifetime blood lead exposure from 10 to 30 microg/dl, the externalizing behavior problem score would increase by 3.5 in boys (95% CI 1.6-5.4), and by 1.8 (95% CI -0.1 to 11.1) in girls. Internalizing behavior problem scores were predicted to rise by 2.1 (95% CI 0.0-4.2) in girls but by only 0.8 (95% CI -0.9 to 2.4) in boys.  (+info)

Coping with refractory epilepsy. (4/1152)

We investigated the coping behaviour and its correlation with demographic and illness-related data, depression, locus of control and psychosocial adaptation in 40 patients with intractable epilepsy with primarily or secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Three standardized self-reporting questionnaires were applied, which are the Freiburg Questionnaire of Coping with Illness (FKV), the von Zerssen Depression Scale (D-S), and the IPC-questionnaire measuring generalized locus of control beliefs; the Social Interview Schedule (SIS), a semi-structured interview, was used to measure the psychosocial adaptation. Active, problem-focused and compliance strategies were predominantly used and regarded as most helpful. Hence, the epileptic patients use similar coping patterns reported in patients with other non life-threatening chronic diseases. The level of depression was moderate and in the range of other chronic somatic diseases. The use of coping patterns, which are regarded as maladaptive, was correlated with distinct depression, a small degree of internal locus of control beliefs and poor psychosocial adaption. These results indicate the possibility to improve psychosocial adjustment by supporting effective strategies.  (+info)

'Fatalism', accident causation and prevention: issues for health promotion from an exploratory study in a Yoruba town, Nigeria. (5/1152)

As countries experience the 'epidemiological transition' with a relative decline in infectious diseases, accident rates tend to increase, particularly road traffic accidents. The health promotion interventions intended to prevent or minimize the consequences of accidents have been developed in predominantly Western, industrialized countries. Although some of these solutions have been applied with success to less developed countries, there are also good reasons why such solutions are ineffective when tried in a different context. Health promotion as developed in the West has a particular ideological bias, being framed within a secular, individualist and rationalist culture. Different cosmologies exist outside this culture, often described as 'fatalist' by Western commentators and as obstructing change. Changing these cosmologies or worldviews may not fit with the ethic of paying due respect to the cultural traditions of the 'target group'. Health promotion is therefore faced with a dilemma. In addition to different worldviews, the different levels of development also mean that solutions formulated in richer countries do not suit poorer countries. This paper uses a small exploratory study in a Yoruba town in Nigeria to examine these points. Interviews with key informants were held in March 1994 in Igbo-Ora and data were extracted from hospital records. Levels of accidents from available records are noted and people's ideas about accident prevention are discussed. Recommendations as to the way forward are then proposed.  (+info)

Dependence, locus of control, parental bonding, and personality disorders: a study in alcoholics and controls. (6/1152)

Personality traits, socio-cultural factors, and dysfunctional family systems are considered to be important in the aetiology and clinical development of alcoholism. Particularly, conflict and issues involving psychological (emotional) dependence have long been associated with alcohol addiction. The present work, part of a more extensive study to validate a new rating scale to measure emotional dependence, the Dependence Self-rating Scale (DSRS), assesses dependence, orientation of locus of control, parental bonding perceptions, and personality disorders (PDs) in alcoholic and non-alcoholic samples. The alcoholics showed a prevalence of PDs of 31.3%. The most frequent is the Schizoid PD (40%) followed by the Dependent PD (20%). Subjects with antisocial PD were not included in our selection criteria. The alcoholics scored higher on the DSRS than the controls, but this difference was not statistically significant. By making a comparison between subjects with and without PDs, the DSRS scores were significantly higher in alcoholics with PDs. No significant differences between alcoholics and non-alcoholics in the parental perceptions and locus of control were seen. These findings are sufficiently coherent to encourage further studies on psychological emotional dependence in alcoholics using the DSRS.  (+info)

How ageing and social factors affect memory. (7/1152)

OBJECTIVES: To explore the relationships between lifestyle and memory, and determine whether social factors influence memory. METHODS: the relationship between memory and lifestyle was examined in 497 adults aged 25-80 years, using the Mectamemory in Adulthood questionnaire. We asked about sports activity and perceived activity, participation in voluntary organizations and social contacts. RESULTS: Activity and frequent contact with friends and family were related to higher memory capacity scores. Those with higher capacity scores were also younger, had better health and a stronger internal locus of control. In contrast, people with higher anxiety scores had more symptoms and less education, and were more externally oriented. CONCLUSIONS: people who consider themselves socially and physically active also consider their memory capacity to be good and are less anxious about their memory than less socially and physically active people. Perceived memory change appears to be predominantly influenced by ageing, whereas memory capacity and memory anxiety are more influenced by social factors.  (+info)

Carer distress in the general population: results from the Sydney Older Persons Study. (8/1152)

OBJECTIVE: To assess distress in a sample of carers who were selected from a community survey rather than recruited via community-service agencies. METHODS: A community survey was carried out on 630 people aged 75 or over living in Sydney, Australia. Informants nominated by these elderly people were divided into full carer (n = 21), partial carer (n = 187) and non-carer groups (n = 344). Informants completed the General Health Questionnaire (a continuous measure of psychiatric symptoms), the life satisfaction index (a measure of well-being) and the interpersonal bonding measure (a measure of quality of the relationship with the elderly person). Elderly participants had a medical examination, were assessed for disability and were questioned about use of services. RESULTS: Elderly people who had a full carer were more disabled and had more medical diagnoses. Full, but not partial, carers reported more psychiatric symptoms and lower life satisfaction. In multivariate analysis, the main determinant of carer distress was a relationship in which the carer felt controlled by the elderly person. CONCLUSION: When carers are selected from a population-based sample, only those who are full carers are more distressed. However, relationship factors are the most important determinant of distress.  (+info)

Locus of controls best known application may have been in the area of health psychology, largely due to the work of Kenneth Wallston. Scales to measure locus of control in the health domain were reviewed by Furnham and Steele in 1993. The best-known are the Health Locus of Control Scale and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, or MHLC.[19] The latter scale is based on the idea (echoing Levensons earlier work) that health may be attributed to three sources: internal factors (such as self-determination of a healthy lifestyle), powerful others (such as ones doctor) or luck (which is very dangerous as lifestyle advice will be ignored - these people are very difficult to help). Some of the scales reviewed by Furnham and Steele (1993) relate to health in more specific domains, such as obesity (for example, Saltzers (1982) Weight Locus of Control Scale or Stotland and Zuroffs (1990) Dieting Beliefs Scale), mental health (such as Wood and Letaks (1982) Mental Health Locus of Control ...
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OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess whether adherence to annual clinical skin monitoring is dependent on patient sociodemographic characteristics or personality traits. DESIGN: The study was a questionnaire survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected between February and April 2013 in a sample of 1000 patients at high risk of melanoma who participated in a pilot-targeted screening programme in western France. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sociodemographic data, overall anxiety level (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory questionnaire), locus of control (Multidimensional Health Locus of Control scale) and levels of anxiety specifically associated with screening and melanoma were collected. Actual participation in the skin monitoring examination was reported by 78 general practitioner investigators. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Statistical analysis was performed using R statistical software. Factors associated with non-adherence were identified by multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Our
The purpose of this study was to develop components of a multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) through the addition of newitem
The purpose of the present study was to examine whether parents locus of control (LOC) obtained before the birth of their child predicts the childs behavior at school in School Years 3 (ages 7-8) and 6 (ages 10-11). A modified version of the adult Nowicki-Strickland internal-external locus of control scale was completed by mothers and fathers in their own home during pregnancy. Externality was defined as a score greater than the median and internality as equal to, or less than, the median. Outcomes were the five individual subscales and the total difficulties of Goodmans strengths and difficulties questionnaire completed by the childrens class teachers at the end of School Years 3 and 6. As predicted, it was found that the greater the presence of externality in the parents, the greater the increased risk of the childs adverse behavior as rated by teachers. The risk was generally greatest if both parents were external and lowest if both were internal. There was a consistent relationship at both
The foundation of each of our treatments is a thorough assessment. No matter how many times we have seen you, we take the time find out to how you are today to determine how best to serve you. This allows us to tailor each treatment to every individual wh
Stacy Sharp Psyc281-33 General Psychology December 10th 2012 Research Question: Locus of control External Locus of Control-Individual believes that his/her
This is another follow up to the original emotional mastery series. It was written to help with the readers who had troubles with the methods presented. This
The main goal of stress management and health promotion programs is to improve health by empowering people to take control over their lives. Daily health-related lifestyle choices are integral targets of these interventions and critical to evaluating their efficacy. To date, concepts such as self-efficacy, self-control and empowerment are assessed by tools that only partially address daily lifestyle choices. The aim of this study is to validate a novel measurement tool, the Healthy Lifestyle and Personal Control Questionnaire (HLPCQ), which aims to assess the concept of empowerment through a constellation of daily activities. Therefore, we performed principal component analysis (PCA) of 26 items that were derived from the qualitative data of several stress management programs conducted by our research team. The PCA resulted in the following five-factor solution: 1) Dietary Healthy Choices, 2) Dietary Harm Avoidance, 3) Daily Routine, 4) Organized Physical Exercise and 5) Social and Mental Balance. All
DEAR JESSICA: I have a gardenia plant that I am attempting to overwinter indoors, but it has developed a white substance on the leaves. I also noticed quite a few ants nearby. Im not sure what this i
For 150 years, Taylor has created products that provide time-saving and cost-effective solutions for those in the food service industry. The 25 lb Mec
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A persons perception of the source of his/her fate is termed locus of control. Locus of control was formulated within the framework of Rotters (1954) social learning theory of personality. Rotter (1975) pointed out that internality and externality represent two ends of a continuum, not an either/or typology. Internals tend to attribute outcomes of events to their own control. Externals attribute outcomes of events to external circumstances. For example, college students with a strong internal locus of control may believe that their grades were achieved through their own abilities and efforts, whereas, those with a strong external locus of control may believe that their grades are the result of good or bad luck, or to a professor who designs bad tests or grades capriciously; hence, they are less likely to expect that their own efforts will result in success and are therefore less likely to work hard for high grades ...
Objective. Ethnic groups may experience or report pain differently ; thus, we compared ethnic differences on pain coping strategies and control beliefs, and the relationships of these variables to health status, among women with rheumatoid arthritis RA. Methods. Using a sample of 100 women 48 African-American, 52 Caucasian, we related pain...
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The aim of this study was to explore how attitudes toward complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and conventional medicine influence CAM use in a healthy population, and how health locus of control and exercise further affect CAM use ...
Often, sticky leaves is caused by Scale. Scale is an insect that sucks the juices out of plants. The sticky stuff that accumulates around the plant is from insect secretion. Take a look at the undersides of the leaves for tan, black or brown bumps. Control Scale by suffocating the insect. A safe horticultural oil will do the trick.. ...
There is a growing body of research that promotes spirituality as an internal locus of control in terms of regulating negative emotional states [ 1 ,
This post could be sub-titled No, a tired dog is not always a good dog, or alternatively, Why We Choose Pasta with Cream Sauce Over Vegetable Soup on a Difficult Day. Okay, maybe its just me that makes poor decisions about lunch when Im exhausted, but this research suggests that I, along my dogs, are not alone.. A study by Miller et. al. followed up on earlier work about the effect of self-control on risk taking and decision making. (Too dog tired to avoid danger: Self-control depletion in canines increases behavioral approach toward an aggressive threat. Psych Bull Rev 2012 19:535-540.) Heres the background to this study: Multiple studies on humans have found that we appear to have a limited amount of self-control (A shock to us all, no doubt). It is as though we have a bank account of energy devoted to self-control and once it is depleted, we are unable to spend any more. For example, people told to control their impulse to eat fresh cookies (versus radishes) gave up faster on ...
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Self-control is the key to success in life. New research shows its important even in dating, whether your goal is a long-term relationship or a one-night stand.
Doing the Undoable!: Self control plays a crucial role in our lives. A lack of it can lead to depression and take you miles away from your goal. However, if you have been able to build a strong self-control, you shall be able to take control of your
Toddlers act on nearly every impulse, and it will take years of guidance from you before your child has enough self-control to behave appropriately in every...
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So ive been looking around to find out which 4 parts are the best compare to what other loot is out there when going heavy into mastery but so far havent found anyting, would really appreciate some help if anyone knows this?
article{2140901, abstract = {Background: Job strain (i.e., high job demands combined with low job control) is a frequently used indicator of harmful work stress, but studies have often used partial versions of the complete multi-item job demands and control scales. Understanding whether the different instruments assess the same underlying concepts has crucial implications for the interpretation of findings across studies, harmonisation of multi-cohort data for pooled analyses, and design of future studies. As part of the IPD-Work (Individual-participant-data meta-analysis in working populations) consortium, we compared different versions of the demands and control scales available in 17 European cohort studies. Methods: Six of the 17 studies had information on the complete scales and 11 on partial scales. Here, we analyse individual level data from 70 751 participants of the studies which had complete scales (5 demand items, 6 job control items). Results: We found high Pearson correlation ...
This study examines the extent to which locus of control and social support are linked to self-efficacy with regard to disease management in HIV-positive adults. Perceived ability to effectively manage illness was measured with the Self-Efficacy for Managing Chronic Disease Scale. Scores from the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and the Multidimensional Locus of Control Scale were used as predictors. The gender-balanced sample (N = 69) of HIV+ adults was primarily African-American (65.3%) and European American (30.5%), with a mean age of 47 years (SD = 8.37). Correlational analyses suggested significant positive relationships between self-efficacy, social support, and locus of control due to powerful others. A regression analysis found that the model accounted for 23% of the variance in self-efficacy (adj. R-squared =.23, F (5, 63) = 4.81, p | .01), with social support (β = .37, t = 3.28, p | .01) and locus of control (β = .25, t = 2.26, p | .05) both significant predictors.
Background: Elderly today have an increased life expectancy and retaining their teeth longer than before, it is important that healthcare-professionals have knowledge about oral health and how to prevent oral diseases. Objective: To study knowledge and attitude of oral health among caregivers at nursing homes in Ga-Rankuwa, Pretoria, South Africa. Method: The study was a quantitative cross-sectional study. Data was collected by a questionnaire representing four dimensions; Internal Locus of Control, External Locus of Control, Self-Efficacy and Oral Health Care Beliefs (OHCB), consisting questions about oral health and oral hygiene. The population consisted of 130 caregivers. Result: A total of 50 out of 61 caregivers participated in the study, out of which 43 were females and 7 were males. The age-interval was between 20-75 years. Generally, no statistical significant differences in knowledge and attitudes between the two nursing homes and between the caregivers´ professional statuses was ...
Preferred health behaviors and quality of life of the elderly people in Poland Mateusz Cybulski,1 Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak,1 Jacek Jamiolkowski2 1Department of Integrated Medical Care, 2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess possible differences between a group of residents of public nursing homes (PNH) and a group of members of Universities of the Third Age (UTA) measured using standard psychometric scales.Materials and methods: The research was conducted between January 3, 2013 and February 15, 2014 on a group of 200 residents of PNH and 200 members of the UTA using five psychometric scales: Standardized Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Standardized Health Behavior Inventory (HBI), Standardized Social Support Scale (SSS), Standardized General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES), and Standardized Multiple Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC).Results: The average point total in the
Objective,br /,Hypertension and an atherogenic lipid profile are known risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hypertensives show greater changes in atherogenic plasma lipids to acute stress than normotensives. In this study, we investigated whether attribution of failure is associated with lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive compared with normotensive men.,br /,,br /,Methods,br /,18 normotensive and 17 hypertensive men (mean ± SEM; 45 ± 2.2 years) underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task that can be viewed as a situation of experimentally induced failure. We assessed external-stable (ES), external-variable (EV), internal-stable (IS), and internal-variable (IV) attribution of failure and psychological control variables (i.e. extent of depression and neuroticism). Moreover, total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and norepinephrine were measured immediately before and several times after stress.,br /,,br /,Results,br /,ES moderated TC- and ...
Objective,br /,Hypertension and an atherogenic lipid profile are known risk factors for coronary heart disease (CHD). Hypertensives show greater changes in atherogenic plasma lipids to acute stress than normotensives. In this study, we investigated whether attribution of failure is associated with lipid stress reactivity in hypertensive compared with normotensive men.,br /,,br /,Methods,br /,18 normotensive and 17 hypertensive men (mean ± SEM; 45 ± 2.2 years) underwent an acute standardized psychosocial stress task that can be viewed as a situation of experimentally induced failure. We assessed external-stable (ES), external-variable (EV), internal-stable (IS), and internal-variable (IV) attribution of failure and psychological control variables (i.e. extent of depression and neuroticism). Moreover, total cholesterol (TC), low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and norepinephrine were measured immediately before and several times after stress.,br /,,br /,Results,br /,ES moderated TC- and ...
Objective. To assess disability and functioning of elderly patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and population controls by linking the items included in the self-report Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire (MDHAQ) with components of the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) instrument.. Methods. In total, 1439 patients with RA (mean age 66 yrs, men 29%) and 957 population controls (65 yrs, men 27%) completed a mailed questionnaire. Functioning was recorded by the Finnish version of MDHAQ. Data included comorbidity, subjective health, education level, employment, exercise habits, self-report joint pain/tenderness, and, for patients, the disease duration.. Results. Patients had lower levels of functioning compared to controls in all ICF domains, with the exception that male patients functioned comparably to male controls in the general tasks and demands domain. In patients, disease activity, education, exercise frequency, and comorbidities ...
A True Human Instinct. It is perfectly natural to want to talk with our loved ones who have died. It adds to our grief that we cannot. Its a true human instinct to miss them, and long intensely for them, and to feel lonely in their absence. All this may be kept out of sight, pretty much, under a strong good self-control. But anything else is not natural. Death is always a shock, even when expected. It makes a bad break in ones life. I know a young man who wrote to his mother every day, even if only a few lines, when his work took him quite away from her. And when she slipped from his grasp it took the longest time and some strange feelings to break that daily writing habit. He had prayed daily for her. And it seemed so queer not to. It seemed like not being true to her, as though it were disloyal not to be naming her in the daily prayer.. Then he learned to put praise in the place of the old-time prayer, that, she was safe past troublous things, up in the Masters own presence. But what a ...
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By William George Jordan, 1905. When a man fails in life he usually says, I am as God made me. When he succeeds he proudly proclaims himself a self-made man. Man is placed into this world not as a finality,- but as a possibility. Mans greatest enemy is,-himself. Man in his weakness is the creature of circumstances; man in his strength is the creator of circumstances. Whether he be victim or victor depends largely on himself.. Man is never truly great merely for what he is, but ever for what he may become. Until man be truly filled with the knowledge of the majesty of his possibility, until there come to him the glow of realization of his privilege to live the life committed to him, as an individual life for which he is individually responsible, he is merely groping through the years…. With this broadening, stimulating view of life, he sees how he may attain his kingship through self-control. And the self-control that is seen in the most spectacular instances in history, and in the ...
Downloadable! This paper studies the quantity-quality trade-off model of fertility, under the assumption of hyperbolic discounting. It shows that the lack of self-control may play a different role in a developed economy and in a developing one. In the first case characterized by a positive investment in quality, the lack of self control tends to reduce fertility. In the second case, it is possible that the lack of self-control leads both to no investment in quality and to a higher fertility rate. It is also proved that if parents cannot commit on their investment in quality, a small change of parameters may lead to a jump in fertility.
Tantrums and outbursts can rile even the most patient parents. Helping kids learn self-control teaches them how to respond to situations without just acting on impulse.
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Self-Regulation and the New Registered Nurse Introduction The nursing profession has been self-regulating in Ontario since 1963. Self-regulation is a...
In this reprise of a now-classic Stanford psychological experiment from the 1960s, kids are put in a room with a marshmallow and told they can either eat it immediately or wait until the researcher gets back, and theyll be given a second marshmallow. Hilarity ensues as the kids suffer marshmallow temptation! But the consequences go deeper: In the New Yorker article Dont! from May that detailed the very same experiment, it turned out that the ones who passed the [...]
In this reprise of a now-classic Stanford psychological experiment from the 1960s, kids are put in a room with a marshmallow and told they can either eat it immediately or wait until the researcher gets back, and theyll be given a second marshmallow. Hilarity ensues as the kids suffer marshmallow temptation! But the consequences go deeper: In the New Yorker article Dont! from May that detailed the very same experiment, it turned out that the ones who passed the [...]
Inclination towards determination, sociability and self-control and sense of purpose is in our genes justify scientists who claim that s how some people are born a success.
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The AGHLS-team published an article on the longitudinal relation between muscle strength and smoking in European Addiction Research: The longitudinal relation between smoking and muscle strength Aims: To assess longitudinally whether smoking tobacco is related to muscle strength in healthy adults and to assess the influence of lifestyle covariates on this relation. Data were obtained…
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A method and an apparatus for upgrading an existing personal control system. The upgrade is achieved by replacing the personnel data input unit of an existing personal control system with a biometric interface device capable of reading physical characteristic and an access control signal in the format of the existing personnel control system.
- This paper aims to provide a rationale for the development of a community‐based group for men with intellectual disability who have been involved in sexually inappropriate behaviour but may not have been charged., - The group was based on a cognitive behavioural model: group process and adaptations are briefly described. The group has been run on two occasions and preliminary data on outcome are provided., - Participants show a reduction in attitudes consistent with offending, an increase in sexual knowledge, and a more external locus of control on completion of the group. One of the 12 men who attended was recorded as offending again within 18 months of group completion; however, three moved to less well supervised placements., - It is concluded that this style of treatment has some advantages over other models and may be more effective, yet further research is required.
Sexual behavioral can get out of control. When it does, lots of people are affected, and WHO wants insurance companies to reimburse for counseling. If we want people to be free from destructive sexual behavior, this all seems fine. But are there any reasons to be cautious with this new label?. When a pattern of behavior receives a diagnostic label, it often creates an external locus of control. Diagnostic labels lead us to think something is happening to us rather than being done by us. There is some concern that this label could reinforce a sense of passivity towards change and a lack of ownership for ones choices.. The moral nature of the activity can be lost with a label. Too often we fail to realize that something can be both unhealthy and immoral. We treat it as an either-or instead of a both-and. There is some concern that this diagnostic label could distract from the role of repentance in change.. Also, we often assume the remedy for a diagnosis will be medicinal. Again, this doesnt ...
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8. Living in a time of rapid change and rampant uncertainty has made consumers worldwide anxious and afraid. It isnt possible for individuals or families to control the world economy, but most can at least feel some measure of personal control by making smarter financial choices-70 percent of our survey respondents believe they are smarter shoppers than they were a few years ago, which makes sense, given all the new tools and communication channels now available online. Having cut back during the downturn, around half are determined not to go back to their old, wasteful shopping patterns when the economy rebounds, and four in ten (six in ten Americans) are committed to reducing their use of credit cards over the long term. With 70 percent of the global sample (and 87 percent of Americans) saying saving money makes them feel good about themselves, there is plenty of motivation to continue to make negative savings rates a thing of the past. Websites such as Mint.com and MoneyStrands are helping ...
If our attitudes flow in part from our attributions, it would seem that our attributions for others behaviors are rather important. How much time and energy do you invest in making sure you arent guilty of the fundamental attribution ...
In new research that confirms that exercise is good for the body and mind, sports scientists have determined even short, moderately intense bursts of activity can boost your memory and promote self-control.
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The scientific community is increasingly coming to realize how central self-control is to many important life outcomes. We have always known about the impact of socioeconomic status and IQ, but these are factors that are highly resistant to interventions. In contrast, self-control ...
Deciding whether to eat vegetables or cake can be a daily struggle. A new experimental method allows researchers to watch as willpower plays out.
2020 BD. All rights reserved. Unless otherwise noted, BD, the BD Logo and all other trademarks are property of Becton, Dickinson and Company.. ...
Most human problems are rooted in dysregulation of the nervous system. Self-regulation, a goal of somatic therapy, keeps the fight/flight response in balance.
Succeeding in the workplace (for a Gifted Individual) and with a self-actualized life requires a constant striving for self-care, self-control, adaptability, awareness, connecting to people for support, and recognizing when to back out of where one does not belong.
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Controls. Compliance with Internal and External Policies/ Initiatives *Meet needs of Global Reporting Initiative, Corporate ... Upon completion, the project team, consisting of representatives from Johnson Controls, Rocky Mountain Institute, Clinton ...
Jan Swevers, "Internal model control (IMC)", 2006 External links[edit]. *Daniel L. Scholten discusses in his "Every Good Key ... When restricted to the ODE (ordinary differential equations) subset of control theory, it is referred to as the internal model ... B. A. Francis and W. M. Wonham, "The internal model principle of control theory", Automatica 12 (1976) 457-465. ... it stands in contrast to classical control, in that the classical feedback loop fails to explicitly model the controlled system ...
No bypass (internal or external) shocks. Unlimited. "SCORE OFF-ROAD RACING - SCORE-International.com". www.score-international. ... "Electronic Control Modules". www.delphi.com. Retrieved 2015-12-28. SCORE International (2011). "2011-2015 Off-Road Racing Rules ...
... an automated external window washing system; and computer controlled air conditioning. The tower also had its own telephone ... Other innovative features included an internal automated "mail train" used for mail deliveries and document distribution; ... Demolition was considered, but would have been too difficult and expensive.) The external re-clad was carried out by ...
... internal, − internal, 60 cps, and external. Sync limiting provides semi-automatic operation with level control. Locks from ... With external oscilloscopes, a signal will be captured on external hardware (which includes an analog-to-digital converter and ... These sweep circuits remained dormant, with the CRT beam cut off, until a drive pulse from an external device unblanked the CRT ... The PC platform can be part of a standalone oscilloscope or as a standalone PC in combination with an external oscilloscope. ...
Redistribution of external and internal forces; Improvement of balance; Control of biomechanical function; Accommodation of ...
1. An integrated model which shows how External workers facilitate Knowledge Sharing in a different way than Internal workers.[ ... Reducing and controlling operating costs. [21] Gaining access to world-class capabilities. Freeing internal resources for other ... 2. An economic analysis revealing that favoring internal employment (insourcing) over external employment (outsourcing), is ... generally revolves around the costs associated with transferring control of the labor process to an external entity in another ...
Detection causes an internal event that may be output to external equipment and/or be used to trigger changes in other internal ... Connections to external control devices such as keyboards. A connection to external pan-tilt-zoom drives that position cameras ... Detection causes an internal event that may be output to external equipment and/or be used to trigger changes in other internal ... Detection causes an internal event that may be output to external equipment and/or used to trigger changes in other internal ...
His duties included external and internal functions. External functions included developing and executing a board-approved ... Internal functions included budget planning and control, membership development and staffing. Gerry was responsible for leading ... navigation and control systems during Project Gemini. In 1968 he was named a Mission Control flight director and served in that ... Control. He served as a GNC flight controller throughout the Gemini program, specializing in guidance, navigation, control and ...
The external output is the transistor collector; the transistor forms an interface between the internal IC logic and parts ... as well as a control to turn off both transistors and isolate the output. Because the pull-up resistor is external and does not ... with an internal pull-up resistor) ⎏ for a pin that outputs hi-Z L or low-Z H (or ⎑ with an internal pull-down resistor) The ... reduce power usage by keeping input signals from floating and may avoid the need for an external pull-up component. External ...
These are internal treatment and external treatment. (Sendelbach, p. 131) The internal treatment is for boiler feed water and ... Boiler water treatment is used to control alkalinity, prevent scaling, correct pH, and to control conductivity. The boiler ... external treatment is for make-up feed water and the condensate part of the system. Internal treatment protects against feed ... Use of lime for alkalinity control was mentioned as early as 1900, and was used by the French and British Navies until about ...
SW8 (toggle or momentary) is the switch that selects either an internal voltage control or an external voltage control for the ... To control the clock frequency then the next Item, 'J1' is a better choice. J1 External noise clock input. If this input is ... is the switch that takes control of the voltage-controlled oscillator's (VCO) duty cycle (called pitch control). If the switch ... if set to the external input with no input connected then there is no extra VCO control). R12 a 50k ohm linear potentiometer is ...
... and internal control; assembling accounting data to aid managerial decision- making; internal and external auditing." In ... 1938) Statistical quality control (1946) Fundamentals of depreciation (1949) The problem of the isolated lot with Gerald J. ... His work on statistical quality control was an integral part of the effort to improve production in industrial plants during ... A colleague of Grant's noted that: "(Grant's) book was the first textbook on quality control, ... It is fascinating, in light ...
Internal Control, Internal Audit, External Auditors, and Operations Evaluation. The bank also cooperates with independent ... Other internal organisational provisions such as Financial Control or Internal Audit make recommendations regarding the ... Internal and independent controls aim to guarantee the integrity and soundness of European Investment Bank's operations. These ... "Internal Audit". EIB.org. Retrieved 28 April 2021. "Financial Control". EIB.org. Retrieved 28 April 2021. "Compliance". EIB.org ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)[page needed] Lefcourt, Herbert M. (April 1966). "Internal versus external control of ... This aspect covers the degree to which a person attributes an event to internal or external causes. An optimist might attribute ... Attributional style is, at least superficially, similar to locus of control. However, the locus of control is concerned with ... in which failures are attributed to internal, stable, and global factors and successes to external, unstable, and specific ...
Display TV control terminal: SHARP standard 8-pin DIN x 1 port. Expansion slot x 2 (optional). Internal connector for voice ... internal and external FDD replacement, and start from a special board by activating the IPL while pressing a specific key ^ ... If the internal codes of BASIC S 25 and M 25 are equivalent to each other, the same instruction is assigned to the intermediate ... E key: Replace the built-in FDD with (FD3, FD4) and the external FDD with (FD1, FD2) R key: RS-232C baud rate (in 2000 and 80 B ...
... s are controlled both by external and internal factors. External factors, also called state factors, control the ... Ecosystems are controlled by external and internal factors. External factors such as climate, parent material which forms the ... Unlike external factors, internal factors in ecosystems not only control ecosystem processes but are also controlled by them. ... Unlike external factors, internal factors are controlled, for example, decomposition, root competition, shading, disturbance, ...
New models could control FDL 90, Quadra and Spirit DataCines Pogle used customized external control panels. The Pogle also ... The Indy computer and O2 computer's backup is usually to an external zip Drive or ext. floppy. The O2 has an internal CD-ROM. ... Evolution Control Panel [Pogle] T3 Control Panel [Pogle] Pogle control panel and soft knob display Pogle SGI monitor display ... The first Pogles controlled the telecine's internal colour corrector. Originally Pogles used a PDOS operating system which was ...
Rotter, J.B. (1966). Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs, ...
Live applications typically use XLR connectors and external controls. For permanent installations euroblock connectors and ... tamper-resistant internal controls may be used. Channel configuration switches select sensitivity (dynamic mic, condenser mic, ... The next year, Emil Torick and Richard G. Allen were granted a patent for an "Automatic Gain Control System with Noise Variable ... Channels to be automixed are assigned in the mixer's graphic user interface, and can then be controlled by a common web browser ...
Some window coverings control solar heat gain and glare. There are external shading devices and internal shading devices. Low-e ... The remote control can be used to open and close guillotine windows. EN 12519 is the European standard that describes windows ... In passive solar building design, an extended eave is typically used to control the amount of solar light and heat entering the ... Two other, preliminary European Norms that are under development deal with internal pedestrian doors (prEN 14351-2), smoke and ...
The internal urethral sphincter provides involuntary control of urination. The external urethral sphincter provides voluntary ... therefore it is under voluntary control of the somatic nervous system. In males and females, both internal and external ... The two muscles are either the male or female external urethral sphincter and the internal urethral sphincter. When either of ... It is a secondary sphincter to control the flow of urine through the urethra. Unlike the internal sphincter muscle, the ...
Is able to scan internal, external and networked drives. Portable version besides the installer User-created clean up jobs Send ... WinDirStat is developed via Mercurial revision control. List of detected file extensions, and the percentage of space each file ...
Gurin, P., Gurin, G., & Morrison, B. M. (1978). Personal and ideological aspects of internal and external control. Social ... Gurin, Patricia; Gurin, Gerald; Lao, Rosina C.; Beattie, Muriel (1969). "Internal-External Control in the Motivational Dynamics ...
They lack external ears and have sleek, streamlined bodies. Retractable nipples, internal testicles, and an internal penile ... Phocids are able to divert blood flow to this layer to help control their temperatures. Unlike otariids, true seals do not ...
His seminal studies of the variable of internal versus external locus of control provided the foundation of prolific research ... Rotter, J.B. (1966). "Generalized expectancies of internal versus external control of reinforcements". Psychological Monographs ... to assess internal and external locus of control. This scale has been widely used in the psychology of personality, although ... which he took to be linked with internal locus of control) and outer-directedeness, or tendency to conform to others (which he ...
... internal control system, risk management system and internal and external audit functions. Its role is to provide advice and ... Internal control includes the policies and practices used to control the operations, accounting, and regulatory compliance of ... Monitoring the internal control process. Overseeing the performance of the internal audit function. Discussing risk management ... Monitor the effectiveness of the company's internal control, internal audit where applicable, and risk management systems; (c) ...
MODIP Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF) (in Greek). "Department of Digital Media and Communication - HQA External Evaluation ... MODIP Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF) (in Greek). "Department of Agricultural Products Trading and Quality Control - HQA ... MODIP Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF) (in Greek). "Department of International Trade - HQA External Evaluation Report" (PDF ... MODIP Internal Evaluation Report" (PDF) (in Greek). "Department of Electrical Engineering - HQA External Evaluation Report" ( ...
The sexual control. The lack of sleep. The control, internal and external, over thought and movement. The denial of self. There ... An internal memo quoted in the East Bay Express in 1984 gave the following instructions on withholding information from ... In the early 1980s, when CVSA was struggling financially, NATLFED took responsibility and control of its operations, leaving ...
One way to minimize the influence of artifacts is to use a pretest-posttest control group design. Within this design, "groups ... Confounds are threats to internal validity. Confounds refer to variables that should have been held constant within a specific ... Artifacts are thus threats to external validity. Artifacts are factors that covary with the treatment and the outcome. Campbell ... The major threats to internal validity are history, maturation, testing, instrumentation, statistical regression, selection, ...
External links[edit]. *Illustration: upper-body/pronator-teres from The Department of Radiology at the University of Washington ... To stimulate the pronator teres, a signal begins in the precentral gyrus in the brain and goes down through the internal ...
"JAMA Internal Medicine. 177 (12): 1808-1817. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.6040. PMC 5820728. PMID 29114778.. ... Blood sugar control. See also: Anti-diabetic medication. There are several classes of anti-diabetic medications available. ... External links. Diabetes mellitusat Wikipedia's sister projects. *. Definitions from Wiktionary *. Media from Wikimedia Commons ... "Journal of Internal Medicine. 271 (6): 537-53. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2796.2012.02536.x. PMID 22372998.. ...
There are many physiological mechanisms that control starting and stopping a meal. The control of food intake is a ... as well as a drop in internal temperatures, which can be around ambient temperature in some cases. For example, the internal ... Articles with dead external links from July 2018. *Articles with permanently dead external links ... The hormone cholecystokinin is secreted by the duodenum, and it controls the rate at which the stomach is emptied.[23] This ...
"JAMA Internal Medicine. 158 (21): 2303-10. doi:10.1001/archinte.158.21.2303. PMID 9827781.. CS1 maint: ref=harv (link). ... Centers for Disease Control Prevention (CDC) (9 July 2004). "Lead Poisoning Associated with Ayurvedic Medications - Five States ... External links. Alternative medicineat Wikipedia's sister projects. *. Definitions from Wiktionary *. Media from Wikimedia ... a b Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine 2015, p. 1, chpt. 14-E. ...
... had a thirst for power.[427] He was introspective,[428] self-effacing,[429] and displayed self-control.[429] He was ... In Cambodia, growing internal strife resulted in King Sihanouk dismissing the government and declaring himself prime minister.[ ... External linksEdit. Pol Potat Wikipedia's sister projects. *. Media from Wikimedia Commons ... Cambodia was a monarchy, but the French colonial regime, not the king, was in political control.[11] Sâr's family had ...
With respect to the external and internal perception of this relation, for instance in past editions of the Encyclopædia ... External links[edit]. This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. Please improve ... this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote ...
a b Goldsmith, Jack L.; and Wu, Tim (2006). Who Controls the Internet?: Illusions of a Borderless World. Oxford University ... External links[edit]. *List of Democratic Parties - People's Daily. *Profile of Democratic Parties - Chinese People's Political ... Internal media. *Publishing industry in China. *Internet in China *Internet censorship *Great Firewall ...
... and water vapor into and out of the internal intercellular space system. Stomatal opening is controlled by the turgor pressure ... External linksEdit. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Leaves and Leaf veins. ... The internal organization of most kinds of leaves has evolved to maximize exposure of the photosynthetic organelles, the ... External leaf characteristics, such as shape, margin, hairs, the petiole, and the presence of stipules and glands, are ...
In some cases, internal and external bleeding may occur.[1] This typically begins five to seven days after the first symptoms.[ ... External links. *Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease) - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Viral Special Pathogens Branch ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and World Health Organization (1998). Infection Control for Viral Haemorrhagic ... "Monitoring Symptoms and Controlling Movement to Stop Spread of Ebola". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 27 ...
External linksEdit. Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Building. ... Bru, G.; Herrera, G.; Tomás, R.; Duro, J.; Vega, R. De la; Mulas, J. (2013-02-01). "Control of deformation of buildings ... Any building requires a certain general amount of internal infrastructure to function, which includes such elements like ... Contractors who provide construction services and install building systems such as climate control, electrical, plumbing, ...
Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, Longo et al. McGraw Hill Medical 2011 page 931 ... External links[edit]. *Rituximab Information from the US Food and Drug Administration ... Rituximab has been shown to be an effective rheumatoid arthritis treatment in three randomised controlled trials and is now ... for enhancing a monoclonal antibody's ability to induce ADCC takes advantage of the fact that the displayed Fc glycan controls ...
Gwilliam, G.F.; Millecchia, R. J. (January 1975). "Barnacle photoreceptors: Their physiology and role in the control of ... External links[edit]. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cirripedia.. Wikispecies has information related to Cirripedia. ... Miocene) showing internal plates in bioimmured smaller barnacles The anatomy of parasitic barnacles is generally simpler than ...
Placebo-Controlled Trial". Annals of Internal Medicine. doi:10.7326/M18-1451. ISSN 0003-4819.. ... External linksEdit. *Rituximab Information from the US Food and Drug Administration ... Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, Longo et al. McGraw Hill Medical 2011 page 931 ... Kriston, Levente (2009). "Challenges in Reporting Meta-analyses of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies". Annals of Internal Medicine. ...
External links. The Wikibook Dichotomous Key has a page on the topic of: Octopoda. ... Boyle, P. R. (2013). "Neural Control of Cephalopod Behavior". In Dennis Willows, A.O. The Mollusca, Volume 8: Neurobiology and ... the internal shell of incirrates is either present as a pair of stylets or absent altogether.[117] ... External characteristics. The octopus is bilaterally symmetrical along its dorso-ventral axis; the head and foot are at one end ...
External links[edit]. *Detailed Euthyrox (Levothroid/Levothyroxine) Consumer Information: Uses, Precautions, Side Effects ... Mandel SJ, Brent GA, Larsen PR (September 1993). "Levothyroxine therapy in patients with thyroid disease". Annals of Internal ... T4 and T3 bind to thyroid receptor proteins in the cell nucleus and cause metabolic effects through the control of DNA ...
The control circuitry monitors the environment and the internal state of the cell, including the cell topology, as it ... 10 External links. StrainsEdit. In the laboratory, researchers distinguish between C. crescentus strain CB15 (the strain ... The proteins of the Caulobacter cell cycle control system and its internal organization are co-conserved across many ... The bacterial cell's control system has a hierarchical organization.[16] The signaling and the control subsystem interfaces ...
Internal specialty[edit]. Main article: Internal medicine. Internal medicine is the medical specialty dealing with the ... Education and legal controls[edit]. Main articles: Medical education and Medical license ... external splints and traction, medical devices, biologics, and ionizing radiation, amongst others.[1] ... According to some sources, an emphasis on internal structures is implied.[21] In North America, specialists in internal ...
Trustees were expected to tend to the internal affairs of the Society as well as its external business interests. Trustees were ...
The Deutsche Flugsicherung is responsible for air traffic control and apron control at Berlin Brandenburg Airport. At 72 metres ... External linksEdit. Media related to Berlin Brandenburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons ... At the end of August 2016 it was announced that the airport had missed an internal deadline, and that the permissions for the ... "Opening of the BER control tower". youtube.com.. *^ "Technische Leitstelle am BER erfolgreich in Betrieb genommen". Austrian ...
1964).[16] External factors also influence growth and form. Fraser recorded the development of a single white spruce tree from ... This is the basic pattern of the internal cel structure of conifer tree rings.[12] ... jack pine and western hemlock seedlings grown in a controlled environment. Pulp Paper Res. Instit. Can., Montreal QC, Woodlands ... influenced by the distribution of photosynthate from its needles and the hormonal gradients controlled by the apical meristems ...
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial". Annals of Internal Medicine. 138 (9): 697-704. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-138 ... External links[edit]. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Borreliosis.. *Lyme disease organizations at Curlie ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). *^ "Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) 2011 case definition". U.S. Centers ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 19 November 2018. Archived from the original on 12 November 2019.. ...
Throughout its history chiropractic has been the subject of internal and external controversy and criticism.[21][223] According ... Eric J. Bailey (2002). African American Alternative Medicine: Using Alternative Medicine to Prevent and Control Chronic ... Numerous controlled clinical studies of treatments used by chiropractors have been conducted, with conflicting results.[4] ... In 1910, D. D. Palmer theorized that the nervous system controlled health: "Physiologists divide nerve-fibers, which form the ...
After extensive internal embellishment, the theatre reopened in 1840 with a performance of Vincenzo Bellini's Beatrice di Tenda ... it remained under their control until 1404[7]) and later became the capital of the marquessate.[8] ... External linksEdit. Media related to Casale Monferrato at Wikimedia Commons *Official town website (in Italian) ...
In preadolescent male rats, neonatal rats treated with flutamide developed more depression-like symptoms compared to control ... a genetic disorder resulting in complete or partial insensitivity to androgens and a lack of external male genitalia. ... which results in hippocampal neurogenesis reaching homeostasis-regulation that keeps internal conditions stable. A Brdu ... In males, certain Y chromosome genes, particularly SRY, control development of the male phenotype, including conversion of the ...
Belyayev controlled the airlock from inside Voskhod 2, but a set of backup controls for Leonov was suspended on bungee cords ... Volga's deployed internal volume was 2.50 m3 (88 cu ft). The fabric airlock tube was made rigid by about 40 airbooms, clustered ... External links[edit]. *Video of Voskod 2 mission (in Russian). *The Voskhod 2 mission revisited ... He later said the umbilicus gave him tight control of his movements - an observation purportedly belied by subsequent American ...
"General Controls for Medical Devices". Medical Devices. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2010-10-15.. ... External linksEdit. *US Food and Drug Administration - Center for Devices and Radiological Health *Premarket Notification (510k ... Steven Nissen of the Cleveland Clinic, published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, showed that most medical devices ... "General and Special Controls". Medical Devices. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 2010-10-15.. ...
"Journal of General Internal Medicine. 25 (8): 833-839. doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1328-7. PMC 2896587. PMID 20383599.. ... The physician spreads the buttocks apart and will usually examine the external area (anus and perineum) for any abnormalities ... no controlled studies have shown a reduction in the morbidity or mortality of prostate cancer when detected by DRE at any age.[ ... Digital rectal examination (DRE; Latin: palpatio per anum, PPA) is an internal examination of the rectum, performed by a ...
External links[edit]. *Browser-based thin film design and optimization software. *Browser-based numerical calculator of single- ... Assume the layer's thickness is controlled precisely, such that it is exactly one quarter of the wavelength of light in the ... where an index-matching oil is sometimes used to temporarily defeat total internal reflection so that light may be coupled into ...
Most of the brain is separated from the blood by the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which exerts a restrictive control as to which ... In standard external beam radiation therapy, multiple treatments of standard-dose "fractions" of radiation are applied to the ... Longo, Dan L (2012). "369 Seizures and Epilepsy". Harrison's principles of internal medicine (18th ed.). McGraw-Hill. p. 3258. ... Conventional external beam "whole-brain radiotherapy treatment" (WBRT) or "whole-brain irradiation" may be suggested if there ...
External links[edit]. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Refraction.. *NIST calculator for determining the refractive index ... To get total internal reflection the angles of incidence θ1 must be larger than the critical angle[35] ... This type of devices are commonly used in chemical laboratories for identification of substances and for quality control. ... the light cannot be transmitted and will instead undergo total internal reflection.[34]:49-50 This occurs only when going to a ...
... Jörgensen, Öyvind LU ; Bäckström, Martin LU and ... A measure of internal and external motivation to control in-group bias}, volume = {12 (2)}, year = {2012}, } ... and that a distinction between internal and external motivational sources of control can be made. However, the convergent and ... and that a distinction between internal and external motivational sources of control can be made. However, the convergent and ...
Questionnaire to Identify strength of HR managers with external/ internal locus of control ... Please help me identify managerial strength of managers with inner or external locus of control .. Any reference where set of ...
... December 13, 2011 , 2-3:30pm Drew MSRTP, Los Angeles, CA Ron D. Hays, Ph.D ... Demand characteristics control - Experimenters opinion about what is presented is shared • Placebo control 26 Controls for ... Internal validity - Data support conclusions about the hypothesis in the specific instance studied • External validity - ... measurement Placebo and demand characteristics control groups • Controls for social desirability • • • • • • 21 Unobtrusive ...
Such selective deficits remained even when comparing each patient with a group of healthy controls and a group of brain-damaged ... The IC patient showed impaired internal signal processing while the SL patient exhibited external perception deficits. Such ... The IC patient showed impaired internal signal processing while the SL patient exhibited external perception deficits. ... The multimodal sources of interoception can be classified into two different streams of afferents: an internal pathway of ...
External speakers need their own control interface, which can range from fiddly knobs to yet another remote control. Either way ... Streamlined control. You control monitor speakers with ease, especially if your monitor has a remote control like the EW3280U ... BenQ Knowledge Center / BenQ Knowledge Center / Internal Monitor Speakers vs. External Speakers: Which Is the Better Deal? ... Internal Monitor Speakers vs. External Speakers: Which Is the Better Deal? BenQ ...
A selection of good solid products is all you need to control a persistent spider issue. Based on a strong track record of ... Home / Shop / Other Pests / Spider Control Kit (Internal and External). View cart "Spider Control Kit (Internal and External)" ... Youre viewing: Spider Control Kit (Internal and External). $160.60 Add to cart ... General Pest Control Kit (including German Cockroaches). $173.53 Add to cart. * Permethrin D Insecticide Dust 2kg. $34.10 Add ...
Visibility and Control Across Internal and External Systems. Seamlessly integrate across internal and external systems to ... Granular Control. * Provide subinventory, locator, lot, and serial control. Robust Reporting Tools. * Quickly and easily ... Complete and Flexible Financial Control. Get complete tracking of and visibility into costs associated with your materials as ... Get a single view into the state of work execution across internal and partner managed locations. ...
Components of internal and external validity of controlled clinical trials. Internal validity-extent to which systematic error ... In the 1950s the social scientist Campbell proposed a useful distinction between internal and external validity (see box below ... The quality of controlled trials is of obvious relevance to systematic reviews. If the "raw material" is flawed then the ... External validity-extent to which results of trials provide a correct basis for generalisation to other circumstances ...
Components of internal and external validity of controlled clinical trials. Internal validity-extent to which systematic error ... Internal validity is a prerequisite for external validity: the results of a flawed trial are invalid, and the question of its ... In the 1950s the social scientist Campbell proposed a useful distinction between internal and external validity (see box below ... Dimensions of internal validity. Internal validity is threatened by bias, "any process at any stage of inference tending to ...
3.2.5 Suitable internal controls. Commercial kit and a third party low positive quality control and negative control should be ... Internal QC samples should be used regularly to monitor assay performance.. 3.3.6 Suitable External QAP. There are provided by ... 3.3.5 Suitable internal controls. High positive, low positive, and negative test kit controls must be used in every run. ... A.FAM no signal + signal Internal control. No HIV-1 RNA is detectable. Considered negative. ...
Negative controls: no-template negative control, reagent-only negative control. *Inhibition control: TaqMan exogenous internal ... 4.6.8 Suitable external (QAP) program(s). RCPA QAP, CDC USA.. 4.6.9 Special considerations. This test should only be used for ... Acceptable staining characteristics obtained in controls.. 3.2.6 Suitable internal controls. Fixed positive control slides made ... 3.1.1.5 Suitable internal controls. Routinely, controls are not used, due to difficulty of maintaining viable T. pallidum. A ...
The HG80 Hygrostat is a two-level controller for controlling the relative humidity in air ducts of air-conditioning system, ... And here, too, our in-house production has a positive effect: Because we produce completely independent of external partners, ... basically in all places where humidity monitoring and control is required. ...
Defending the EUs external borders and fighting organised crime are activities coordinated at EU level by agencies like ... External border control. The EU helps its member countries in saving lives at sea and securing Europes external borders. The ... Schengen and internal borders. Thanks to the border-free Schengen Area, EU countries citizens and visitors can move freely ...
Internal Quality Control. Randox has partnered with Qnostics to provide a wide range of molecular controls for infectious ... External Quality Control. Randox have also partnered up with QCMD to offer a vast array of molecular EQA programmes for ... Randox Quality Control. One Simple Change to Randox Quality Control can save your laboratory time and money. ... Randox Quality Control are a world leading manufacturer of true third party controls with over 390 analytes covering ...
... à-vis external reality. Dissociation -the common factor in all types of post-traumatic syndromes- is facilitated by violation ... à-vis external reality. Dissociation -the common factor in all types of post-traumatic syndromes- is facilitated by violation ... world by disrupting the developmental function of mutuality which is essential for maintenance of the integrity of the internal ... world by disrupting the developmental function of mutuality which is essential for maintenance of the integrity of the internal ...
9. Internal and external quality control measures. In addition to obligatory quality control and assurance measures by the ... Concerted performance of internal (manufacturer) and external (state) quality control measures act in synergy to guarantee good ... If concerted performance of internal (manufacturer) and external (state) quality control measures act in synergy then these may ... national authorities in EU member states also perform external control analyses to assure food safety (EC Regulation No 882/ ...
External Resources. *The Institute of Internal Auditors (IIA). *Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA) ... During a typical audit, Audit Services performs an evaluation of the internal controls and tests the compliance by tracing a ... In these instances the investigation shall be a fact finding function in order to determine whether internal control ... The Chief Internal Auditor shall keep the President, General Counsel and the Chair of the Audit Committee informed of any ...
Generate a file for use with external citation management software.. Create File. ... Single control normalization error values (E) were calculated as the ratio of the ratio of two control genes in two different ... Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes.. ... Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes ...
Generate a file for use with external citation management software.. Create File. ... Validation of housekeeping genes as internal control for studying gene expression in rice by quantitative real-time PCR.. Jain ... Also, a set of two genes was found to be better as control for normalization of the data. The expression of these genes (with ... For accurate and reliable gene expression results, normalization of real-time PCR data is required against a control gene, ...
The internal type has to accept that lots of stuff is out of his control, but seeks his own solutions rather than blaming ... "internal" one.. So, theres nothing wrong with being far into the "internal" side of the spectrum, but being "external" with ... Are You an "Internal" or an "External?" And Which is Mitch Daniels?. Nick Gillespie , 7.8.2010 2:57 PM. ... I dont think anyone is entirely an internal or external.. And same applies for christianity, it relies on a mix of both. But, I ...
... and passive controls (n = 39). We found that both external and internal strategy use was associated with significantly higher ... Our pre-registered randomized controlled trial (N = 116) studied the early effects of externally given vs. internally generated ... and passive controls (n = 39). We found that both external and internal strategy use was associated with significantly higher ... Laine, M., Fellman, D., Waris, O. et al. The early effects of external and internal strategies on working memory updating ...
Kanri: Management / Control *. *Strategy is an Enabling Constraint Exoskeleton - external skeleton Endoskeleton - internal ... Kanri: Management / Control *Ship in a storm going in the right direction Direction Management Hoshin: Compass needle / ...
11. Serve as internal consultant in prevention and control of infections. 12. Assumes all other duties and responsibilities as ... External Application Confirm. Are you sure you want to continue as an EXTERNAL applicant? ... 8. Introduces new concepts related to infection prevention and control. 9. Maintain records of all patients with infections and ... 3. Coordinates infection control education with staff; medical staff; and volunteers.. 4. Collaborates with Sterile Processing ...
Analyzing, processing and reporting; both internal and external. -Internal in that the two enclaves are not linked via a LAN ... The Communications Control Set (CCS) AN/TRQ-40(V2) is the electronic interface between the ASAS enclave and external elements. ... 2 each Communications Control Set (CCS). -2 each 98C40, CCS Operators; THE ONLY SCHOOL TRAINED PERSONNEL ON THE ASAS SYSTEM. ( ... Slide 13 (Technical Control and Processing Section) The TC&P or Single Source Cell (SSC) duties include: -Single-Source and All ...
Sensors for External Use. Sensors for Internal Use. Closed Circuit Television Systems. Locking Systems for Doors and Windows. ... Access Control Systems. Security Lighting Systems. Appendices. Details. No. of pages:. 338 Language:. English Copyright:. © ...
"Internal and external control response: I would say external currently is my soda pop addiction. While its in control thats ... What is external control?. External control is when an external rule dictates a behaviour. Some of these external controls are ... to be able to use this internal control to say I dont need this anyhow.". Betty wrote, "Re the internal/external controls - I ... Labels: alcohol, compass, control, decision, external control, healthy lifestyle, internal control, replace, replacement list ...
External control samples 166. 4.2.3.3. Internal control samples 166. 4.3. Identification of the crystal system and refinement ...
Internal Control External Control with Single-/Three-. Phase Trip Selection (Style 10). This control is integral to. the unit ( ... CONTROL. Control. CABLE. Cable. Recloser. RECLOSER. Control. CONTROL. CONTROL. GROUND. Ground. Control. Supply. SUPPLY ... External Control with Single-Phase Trip Only (Style 5) External Control with Phase and Ground Trip (Style 20). This control is ... 20 External 20 Control with Phase and Ground Trip (to be used on ganged three-phase MVImechanism). 30 External 30 Control with ...
  • Although the views and opinions expressed in this Summary Report will be used to help the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) develop guidelines for responding in such a situation, responses expressed in this report do not constitute endorsement by the CDC or agreement by CDC with these opinions. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1966, American psychologist Julian Rotter published a paper that introduced the concept known as locus of control. (reason.com)
  • Human beings, according to Rotter, could be divided into two basic groups: those who believed their locus of control was within themselves, and those who see themselves as under the control of forces located outside themselves, such as luck, or fate, or other people whose will cannot be resisted. (reason.com)
  • The concept of "locus of control" was developed by social learning theorist Julian B. Rotter in 1954. (chron.com)
  • Five locus of control scales (as developed by Rotter, Levenson, and Kendrick) and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to the sample consisting of four groups of 12 subjects each. (ubc.ca)
  • Four components of the Rotter internal-external scale: Beliefs in a difficult world, a just world, a predictable world, and a politically responsive world. (springer.com)
  • Early work on the topic of expectations about control of reinforcement had been performed in the 1950s by James and Phares (prepared for unpublished doctoral dissertations supervised by Rotter at The Ohio State University ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Rotter (1975, 1989) has discussed problems and misconceptions in others' use of the internal-versus-external construct. (wikipedia.org)
  • Julian B. Rotter was a psychologist who pioneered the term locus of control. (pickthebrain.com)
  • Basically, Rotter is saying that there are different ways we perceive motivators and life events through internal and external means. (pickthebrain.com)
  • To compare the clinical effects and safety of dynamic external fixtor combined with limited internal fixation and cross K-wires fixation for the treatment of close Pilon fractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint . (bvsalud.org)
  • From June 2012 to June 2014, totally 41 patients (45 fingers ) with close interphalangeal joint Pilon fracture were treated by dynamic external fixtor combined with limited internal fixation or cross K-wires fixation, and all the patients were followed up. (bvsalud.org)
  • In the dynamic external fixtor combined with limited internal fixation group (group A), there were 21 patients with 22 fingers , including 12 males and 9 females , with an average of (30.6±5.6) years old. (bvsalud.org)
  • Dynamic external fixtor combined with limited internal fixation is a reliable and effective method to treat Pilon fractures of the proximal interphalangeal joint . (bvsalud.org)
  • Those with an internal locus of control tend to be self-motivated and need less external approval and reward, according to Lin Grensing-Pophal, author of "Human Resource Essentials. (chron.com)
  • Individuals with a strong internal locus of control believe events in their life derive primarily from their own actions: for example, when receiving exam results, people with an internal locus of control tend to praise or blame themselves and their abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with a strong external locus of control tend to praise or blame external factors such as the teacher or the exam. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tests for curvilinearity failed to indicate any drawbacks of so-called overcontrol, and the positive effects remained after controlling for social desirability. (nih.gov)
  • Circadian clocks control the timing of an extraordinary variety of developmental and physiological processes in humans and other species, but figuring out how they do this is tough," said Laurie Tompkins, who oversees biological clock grants at the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of General Medical Sciences, which funded the research. (phys.org)
  • Natural libertarians, says Harris are internals, while nanny staters of various stripes tend to be externals. (reason.com)
  • Internals tend to attribute outcomes of events to their own control. (wikipedia.org)
  • What's interesting to me in this context is that Daniels blurs the boundaries between internals and externals. (reason.com)
  • IETF Deterministic Networking (DetNet) specifies a set of technologies that enable creation of deterministic networks on IP-based networks of potentially wide area (on the scale of a corporate network) potentially bringing the OT network into contact with Information Technology (IT) traffic and security threats that lie outside of a tightly controlled and bounded area (such as the internals of an aircraft). (ietf.org)
  • In the 1950s the social scientist Campbell proposed a useful distinction between internal and external validity (see box below). (bmj.com)
  • 7 8 Internal validity implies that the differences observed between groups of patients allocated to different interventions may, apart from random error, be attributed to the treatment under investigation. (bmj.com)
  • In contrast, external validity, or generalisability, is the extent to which the results of a study provide a correct basis for generalisations to other circumstances. (bmj.com)
  • In itself, there is no external validity. (bmj.com)
  • Internal validity is a prerequisite for external validity: the results of a flawed trial are invalid, and the question of its external validity becomes redundant. (bmj.com)
  • Internal validity is threatened by bias, "any process at any stage of inference tending to produce results that differ systematically from the true values. (bmj.com)
  • No statistically significant effects were observed for the two internal control outcomes or the four external control indicators-in fact, two external control indicators (episiotomy and postdates induction) worsened relative to before implementation. (bmj.com)
  • Perceived control (PC) is defined as the belief that one can determine one's own internal states and behavior, influence one's environment, and/or bring about desired outcomes. (springer.com)
  • Careful distinctions should also be made between locus of control (a concept linked with expectancies about the future) and attributional style (a concept linked with explanations for past outcomes), or between locus of control and concepts such as self-efficacy . (wikipedia.org)
  • People who have internal locus of control believe that the outcomes of their actions are results of their own abilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Externals attribute outcomes of events to external circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • A person's "locus" (plural "loci", Latin for "place" or "location") is conceptualized as internal (a belief that one can control one's own life) or external (a belief that life is controlled by outside factors which the person cannot influence, or that chance or fate controls their lives). (wikipedia.org)
  • Locus of control is one of the four dimensions of core self-evaluations - one's fundamental appraisal of oneself - along with neuroticism , self-efficacy , and self-esteem . (wikipedia.org)
  • The concept of one's 'place' within their locus of control is measured by how internal or externally swayed they are. (pickthebrain.com)
  • The results indicate that the measure reliably captures individual differences in the motivation to control in-group bias, and that a distinction between internal and external motivational sources of control can be made. (lu.se)
  • Reliability was generally satisfactory, whether judged by internal consistency (mean Cronbach a: .73), cross-informant correlation (mean: 0.34), or retest stability after 4 to 6 months (mean: 0.62). (nih.gov)
  • The new scale showed good internal consistency and retest reliability. (nih.gov)
  • As part of this assessment, we also help determine the IA function's conformance with Institute of Internal Audit (IIA) Standards. (ey.com)
  • Our pre-registered randomized controlled trial (N = 116) studied the early effects of externally given vs. internally generated strategies in an updating task (n-back) over a 5-day period with a single 30-minute training session. (nature.com)
  • Only minimal support was offered for the hypothesis that suicidants are more externally controlled than non-suicidal non-psychiatric persons. (ubc.ca)
  • Someone that is externally driven would argue that it was bigger than them, i.e. fate or karma that controlled the collapse. (pickthebrain.com)
  • If you cannot demon-strate full transparency to internal and external examiners, your organization can face consequences. (sas.com)
  • Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes. (nih.gov)
  • We outline a robust and innovative strategy to identify the most stably expressed control genes in a given set of tissues, and to determine the minimum number of genes required to calculate a reliable normalization factor. (nih.gov)
  • Single control normalization error values ( E ) were calculated as the ratio of the ratio of two control genes in two different samples (see Materials and methods), and summarized here as cumulative distribution plots for the different tissue panels, pointing at considerable variation in housekeeping gene expression. (nih.gov)
  • Determination of the optimal number of control genes for normalization. (nih.gov)
  • (a) Pairwise variation ( V n / n + 1 ) analysis between the normalization factors NF n and NF n + 1 to determine the number of control genes required for accurate normalization (arrowhead = optimal number of control genes for normalization). (nih.gov)
  • Validation of housekeeping genes as internal control for studying gene expression in rice by quantitative real-time PCR. (nih.gov)
  • Also, a set of two genes was found to be better as control for normalization of the data. (nih.gov)
  • One main clue pointed them in the right direction: When any one of the three genes controlling this protein complex is disabled, plants end up with grossly elongated stems. (phys.org)
  • Instead of relying on incumbent solutions designed specifically for maritime applications, it has opted for a control system architecture normally seen in industrial environments - in this instance Logix-based hardware and software components from Rockwell Automation. (rockwellautomation.com)
  • It refers to the degree to which people believe they control their own destiny versus believing they are controlled by others. (chron.com)
  • Personal versus situational determination of anticipation and control of the occurence of stressful life events. (springer.com)
  • This was interpreted that people could be divided into those who attribute to ability (an internal cause) versus those who attribute to luck (an external cause). (wikipedia.org)
  • This idea is internal versus external locus of control. (pickthebrain.com)
  • A measure of individual differences in the motivation to control in-group bias (favouritism) was created. (lu.se)
  • The multimodal sources of interoception can be classified into two different streams of afferents: an internal pathway of signals arising from core structures (i.e., heart, blood vessels, and bronchi) and an external pathway of body-mapped sensations (i.e., chemosensation and pain) arising from peripersonal space. (frontiersin.org)
  • These seem to reflect "parallel-distinct structures" that control separate networks covering sensori-motor and cognitive-emotional systems. (frontiersin.org)
  • The HG80 Hygrostat is a two-level controller for controlling the relative humidity in air ducts of air-conditioning system, conditioning cabinets. (titec-gmbh.de)
  • [4] In this form, it stands in contrast to classical control, in that the classical feedback loop fails to explicitly model the controlled system (although the classical controller may contain an implicit model). (wikipedia.org)
  • The TC200 temperature controller provides precise PID regulated control of temperature. (thorlabs.com)
  • The Office of Audit Services is an independent and objective assurance and consulting activity within the University that provides the Board of Trustees and management with observations, recommendations and advice designed to add value and improve the effectiveness of the University's risk management, control, and governance processes. (uvm.edu)
  • Then improve risk processes and controls. (sas.com)
  • It has taken an innovative decision in its choice of network and control architectures for the integrated platform management systems it develops for these ships, with major focuses on openness, scalability, flexibility and cost effectiveness. (rockwellautomation.com)
  • 1. Quality Assurance, Quality Control and Method Validation in Chromatographic Applications (Michele L. Merves and Bruce A. Goldberger). (wiley.com)
  • 1.3 Definition of Quality Assurance and Quality Control. (wiley.com)
  • 1.5 Internal Quality Assurance and Control. (wiley.com)
  • 1.6 External Quality Assurance. (wiley.com)
  • It addresses quality control, quality assurance, and continuous improvement. (informit.com)
  • In an environment of continuous quality improvement, t he Infection Control Specialist is responsible for evaluating measures governing identification, investigation, reporting prevention and control of infections and communicable diseases for everyone within healthcare system. (healthcaresource.com)
  • 6. Develop/implement/monitor/revise policies, procedures, and practice Guidelines governing infection control. (healthcaresource.com)
  • 7. Develops, implements and evaluates the infection control program. (healthcaresource.com)
  • Cancer Causes Control 21 (6): 821-8, 2010. (cancer.gov)
  • Cancer Causes Control 28 (5): 437-445, 2017. (cancer.gov)
  • When the event is interpreted in this way by an individual, we have labeled this a belief in external control. (pickthebrain.com)
  • If the person perceives that the event is contingent upon his own behavior or his own relatively permanent characteristics, we have termed this a belief in internal control. (pickthebrain.com)
  • Get complete tracking of and visibility into costs associated with your materials as well as flexible management of trade between internal parties. (oracle.com)
  • Generate a file for use with external citation management software. (nih.gov)
  • Get Project Management, Planning and Control, 7th Edition now with O'Reilly online learning. (oreilly.com)
  • Internal management reporting 4. (mail-archive.com)
  • All system management activities, such as disk space monitoring, system monitoring, and upgrades, either are automated or are controlled through the GUI. (cisco.com)
  • internal stents may be more favorable during postoperative management of drainage tube. (hindawi.com)
  • We are a market leader in innovative and transformative internal audit (IA) and internal controls (IC) services that are tailored to respond to disruptive market forces and help your company translate uncertainty into confidence while accelerating performance. (ey.com)
  • 2002) argued that locus of control, neuroticism, self-efficacy and self-esteem factors may have a common core. (wikipedia.org)
  • Department of V Y ^ l f T ^ ^ The U n i v e r s i t y of B r i t i s h Columbia Vancouver 8, Canada Abstract The present study attempted to assess the relationship between locus of control and suicide, and between locus of control and sel f -reported depression. (ubc.ca)
  • Given the increased sensitivity, reproducibility and large dynamic range of this methodology, the requirements for a proper internal control gene for normalization have become increasingly stringent. (nih.gov)
  • (b) Selected scatterplots of normalization factors before ( x -axis) and after ( y -axis) inclusion of an ( n + 1)th control gene ( r = Spearman rank correlation coefficient). (nih.gov)
  • For accurate and reliable gene expression results, normalization of real-time PCR data is required against a control gene, which displays highly uniform expression in living organisms during various phases of development and under different environmental conditions. (nih.gov)
  • RFC 6887 Port Control Protocol (PCP) April 2013 the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. (ietf.org)
  • RFC 6887 Port Control Protocol (PCP) April 2013 13 . (ietf.org)
  • Introduction The Port Control Protocol (PCP) provides a mechanism to control how incoming packets are forwarded by upstream devices such as Network Address Translator IPv6/IPv4 (NAT64), Network Address Translator IPv4/IPv4 (NAT44), and IPv6 and IPv4 firewall devices, and a mechanism to reduce application keepalive traffic. (ietf.org)
  • Includes Blackmagic HyperDeck SDK and Ethernet HyperDeck Control Protocol. (blackmagicdesign.com)
  • The Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express Services application programming interface (API) facilitates development of computer telephony integration (CTI) between Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express and third-party applications to enable call monitoring, call control, and call provisioning with any Cisco Unified CME Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) endpoint. (cisco.com)
  • In these instances the investigation shall be a fact finding function in order to determine whether internal control deficiencies exist. (uvm.edu)
  • When restricted to the ODE ( ordinary differential equations ) subset of control theory , it is referred to as the internal model principle , which was first articulated in 1976 by B. A. Francis and W. M. Wonham. (wikipedia.org)
  • B. A. Francis and W. M. Wonham, " The internal model principle of control theory ", Automatica 12 (1976) 457-465. (wikipedia.org)
  • 7. your ability to control your emotions during a bout? (prezi.com)
  • There were two experimental groups of suicidants (hospitalized and non-hospitalized) and two control groups (hospitalized and non-hospitalized) without histories of suicidal behavior. (ubc.ca)
  • Two important dimensions of PC are delineated: (1) whether the object of control is located in the past or the future and (2) whether the object of control is over outcome, behavior, or process. (springer.com)
  • Cognitive self-control factors in the reduction of smoking behavior. (springer.com)
  • emphasis on directing members' external political and social behavior. (artvoice.com)
  • amount of control exercised over sexuality of members in terms of sexual orientation, behavior, and/or choice of partners. (artvoice.com)
  • The number of anatomic reduction cases in the external fixation with limited internal fixation group (7 cases) and the distal tibia anatomical plate group (8 cases) was more than the plaster immobilization group (2 cases). (bvsalud.org)
  • According to the ankle score, 8 patients got an excellent result, 3 good and 1 poor in the limited internal fixation group ,which was better than those of distal tibia anatomical plate group (5 excellent, 4 good and 2 poor) and the plaster immobilization group (3 excellent, 4 good and 3 poor). (bvsalud.org)
  • A two-way between groups analysis of variance was computed in order to assess the relationship between suicide and locus of control, the effects of hospitalization on locus of control, and the suicide by hospital interaction. (ubc.ca)
  • Seamlessly integrate across internal and external systems to extend control and visibility to partners or in-house warehouse execution systems. (oracle.com)
  • Motor operators for remote/local open/close operation of three-phase switched or interrupter ways enable These components combined with electronic controls, motor operators remote configuration of loops, sectionalizing of feeders and SCADA-ready controls enable you to improve your distribution and automatic or manual source transfer with a wide systems reliability. (scribd.com)
  • Yaltes designs, develops and builds ship systems' control products and solutions. (rockwellautomation.com)
  • Food and Beverage Cost Control provides the tools required to maintain sales and cost histories, develop systems for monitoring current activities, and forecast future costs. (wiley-vch.de)
  • Formulate single channel control systems. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Understand the principle of single-channel control systems. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The use of quadratic optimisation in determining the performance of control systems. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The principles of single-channel control systems for tonal and random signals. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The use of the LMS algorithm in active control systems. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Control of nonlinear systems. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Investigations should clearly conceptualize the object of perceived control, use measures that match the conceptualization, and when attempting to manipulate control, directly measure perceived control. (springer.com)
  • We incorporated a new measure of individual differences in self-control into two large investigations of a broad spectrum of behaviors. (nih.gov)
  • Although housekeeping gene expression has been reported to vary considerably, no systematic survey has properly determined the errors related to the common practice of using only one control gene, nor presented an adequate way of working around this problem. (nih.gov)
  • Active structural acoustic control using integrated actuators and sensors. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Cognitive control of attention and inhibition. (springer.com)
  • Exercise control circuitry coupled to the servo circuit and receiving the output shaft position signal and the torque signal controls the servo motor and shaft in accordance with a preselected exercise control algorithm. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • And it instantly gives us a handle on how we might manipulate and control plant yield or biomass deposition. (phys.org)
  • In personality psychology , locus of control is the degree to which people believe that they have control over the outcome of events in their lives, as opposed to external forces beyond their control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Locus of control generated much research in a variety of areas in psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • The device is also applied in food storages, cooling chambers for fruits and vegatables, greenhouses of gardening companies, textile industry, paper and printing industry, movie industry and hospitals - basically in all places where humidity monitoring and control is required. (titec-gmbh.de)
  • Micro-case studies present readers with real-world scenarios and problems, while step-by-step numerical examples highlight the arithmetic necessary to understand cost control-related concepts such as calculating flow-thru and Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization (EBITDA). (wiley-vch.de)
  • Micro-case studies present students with real-world scenarios and problems, while step-by-step numerical examples highlight the arithmetic necessary to understand cost control-related concepts. (wiley-vch.de)
  • A variety of constructs and measures of PC (e.g., efficacy, attribution, and locus of control) are discussed in relation to these dimensions and selected studies are reviewed. (springer.com)
  • However, to the best of our knowledge, a meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of internal and that of external drainage techniques has not yet been conducted. (hindawi.com)
  • Attitude control accuracy, with 0.12 degrees Dead-bands (0.13 in roll) is O.13 degrees in Roll) is 0.37 degrees roll. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The ASAS system receives battlefield information and intelligence reports through the Communications Control System (CCS), store the information in the Data Processing System (DPS-D) and fuses information in the All source Correlated Data Base (ASCDB). (fas.org)
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager Express delivers on this need by providing localized call control, mobility, and conferencing alongside data applications on Cisco Integrated Services Routers (ISRs). (cisco.com)
  • Understand the equations that govern the propagation of sound in a stationary mediumactive control of sound in ducts. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Active control of plane waves in ducts. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The present invention is directed to a method for the determination of a target nucleic acid using a special control nucleic acid, a method for the amplification of a partial sequence of said target nucleic acid using primers, a special control and a kit containing said control. (google.com)
  • Organizations are increasingly relying on Internal Audit (IA) to provide them with insights into diverse and emerging risks and create the foundation for trust. (ey.com)
  • A servo control circuit responds to a preselected command signal measuring device for measuring a preselected servo control signal parameter associated with the servo motor and shaft and operatively related to the command signal. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • As in Plant and Devine's (1998) measure of out-group bias, one subscale referred to an internal motivational source and the other to an external motivational source. (lu.se)
  • Low self-control is thus a significant risk factor for a broad range of personal and interpersonal problems. (nih.gov)
  • The IA outsourcing/co-sourcing service is designed to help stakeholders execute against their IA mandate and provide value to their business partners from a risk and controls perspective. (ey.com)
  • Three groups were employed: n-back training with strategy instruction (n = 40), n-back training without strategy instruction (n = 37), and passive controls (n = 39). (nature.com)
  • 5. Oversees compliance with Exposure Control plan and infection practices utilizing national standards/guidelines of the CDC, APIC, ODH and other regulatory bodies. (healthcaresource.com)
  • Active control is a method for attenuating undesirable disturbances by introducing secondary sources, whose outputs interfere with the disturbance destructively. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • If the student is more external with their locus of control they will look at other factors. (pickthebrain.com)
  • While some of these strategies are more complex and costly to implement than others, ACFE researchers found small companies use these kinds of controls less often than larger ones. (nationwide.com)
  • Understand nonlinear control strategies and their potential applications. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Define the equations which govern feedback and feedforward control strategies. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Be able to assess the suitability of different control strategies for a wide range of practical applications. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • Strategies for active control including reflection and absorption. (southampton.ac.uk)