Subnormal intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period. This has multiple potential etiologies, including genetic defects and perinatal insults. Intelligence quotient (IQ) scores are commonly used to determine whether an individual has an intellectual disability. IQ scores between 70 and 79 are in the borderline range. Scores below 67 are in the disabled range. (from Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch55, p28)
Persons diagnosed as having significantly lower than average intelligence and considerable problems in adapting to everyday life or lacking independence in regard to activities of daily living.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Property, such as patents, trademarks, and copyright, that results from creative effort. The Patent and Copyright Clause (Art. 1, Sec. 8, cl. 8) of the United States Constitution provides for promoting the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 5th ed, p1014)
A class of genetic disorders resulting in INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY that is associated either with mutations of GENES located on the X CHROMOSOME or aberrations in the structure of the X chromosome (SEX CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS).
A two-year program in nursing education in a community or junior college leading to an A.D. (Associate Degree). Graduates of this program are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).
The appearance of the face that is often characteristic of a disease or pathological condition, as the elfin facies of WILLIAMS SYNDROME or the mongoloid facies of DOWN SYNDROME. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The ability to learn and to deal with new situations and to deal effectively with tasks involving abstractions.
Long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
Standardized tests that measure the present general ability or aptitude for intellectual performance.
Genes that are located on the X CHROMOSOME.
A copy number variation that results in reduced GENE DOSAGE due to any loss-of-function mutation. The loss of heterozygosity is associated with abnormal phenotypes or diseased states because the remaining gene is insufficient.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
A condition characterized genotypically by mutation of the distal end of the long arm of the X chromosome (at gene loci FRAXA or FRAXE) and phenotypically by cognitive impairment, hyperactivity, SEIZURES, language delay, and enlargement of the ears, head, and testes. INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY occurs in nearly all males and roughly 50% of females with the full mutation of FRAXA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p226)
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
An adaptor protein complex involved in transport of molecules between the TRANS-GOLGI NETWORK and the endosomal-lysosomal system.
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
The teaching or training of those individuals with subnormal intellectual functioning.
A RNA-binding protein that is found predominately in the CYTOPLASM. It helps regulate GENETIC TRANSLATION in NEURONS and is absent or under-expressed in FRAGILE X SYNDROME.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
That part of the genome that corresponds to the complete complement of EXONS of an organism or cell.
Disorders of verbal and nonverbal communication caused by receptive or expressive LANGUAGE DISORDERS, cognitive dysfunction (e.g., MENTAL RETARDATION), psychiatric conditions, and HEARING DISORDERS.
The caring for individuals in institutions and their adaptation to routines characteristic of the institutional environment, and/or their loss of adaptation to life outside the institution.
Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
The human female sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and all female gametes in humans.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A method for comparing two sets of chromosomal DNA by analyzing differences in the copy number and location of specific sequences. It is used to look for large sequence changes such as deletions, duplications, amplifications, or translocations.
Low-copy (2-50) repetitive DNA elements that are highly homologous and range in size from 1000 to 400,000 base pairs.
A characteristic symptom complex.
A congenital abnormality in which the CEREBRUM is underdeveloped, the fontanels close prematurely, and, as a result, the head is small. (Desk Reference for Neuroscience, 2nd ed.)
The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
Damages to the EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN or the FETUS before BIRTH. Damages can be caused by any factors including biological, chemical, or physical.
A treatment program based on manipulation of the patient's environment by the medical staff. The patient does not participate in planning the treatment regimen.
A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)
An aberration in which an extra chromosome or a chromosomal segment is made.
Genetic diseases that are linked to gene mutations on the X CHROMOSOME in humans (X CHROMOSOME, HUMAN) or the X CHROMOSOME in other species. Included here are animal models of human X-linked diseases.
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Stretches of genomic DNA that exist in different multiples between individuals. Many copy number variations have been associated with susceptibility or resistance to disease.
Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.
A family of neurotransmitter transporter proteins that facilitate NEUROTRANSMITTER reuptake into PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS. They may play a role in regulating the intensity and duration of neurotransmission.
The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.
A diminution of the skeletal muscle tone marked by a diminished resistance to passive stretching.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Deaths that occur before LIFE EXPECTANCY is reached within a given population.
Brain disorders resulting from inborn metabolic errors, primarily from enzymatic defects which lead to substrate accumulation, product reduction, or increase in toxic metabolites through alternate pathways. The majority of these conditions are familial, however spontaneous mutation may also occur in utero.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
Housing for groups of patients, children, or others who need or desire emotional or physical support. They are usually established as planned, single housekeeping units in residential dwellings that provide care and supervision for small groups of residents, who, although unrelated, live together as a family.
Marked impairments in the development of motor coordination such that the impairment interferes with activities of daily living. (From DSM-V)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Complex neurobehavioral disorder characterized by distinctive facial features (FACIES), developmental delay and INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Behavioral phenotypes include sleep disturbance, maladaptive, self-injurious and attention-seeking behaviors. The sleep disturbance is linked to an abnormal circadian secretion pattern of MELATONIN. The syndrome is associated with de novo deletion or mutation and HAPLOINSUFFICIENCY of the retinoic acid-induced 1 protein on chromosome 17p11.2.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.
The calcium salt of gluconic acid. The compound has a variety of uses, including its use as a calcium replenisher in hypocalcemic states.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
A thioxanthene with therapeutic actions similar to the phenothiazine antipsychotics. It is an antagonist at D1 and D2 dopamine receptors.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
Congenital structural deformities, malformations, or other abnormalities of the cranium and facial bones.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Tests designed to measure intellectual functioning in children and adults.
Abnormally small jaw.
Conditions characterized by persistent brain damage or dysfunction as sequelae of cranial trauma. This disorder may result from DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; BRAIN EDEMA; and other conditions. Clinical features may include DEMENTIA; focal neurologic deficits; PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE; AKINETIC MUTISM; or COMA.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The rights of the individual to cultural, social, economic, and educational opportunities as provided by society, e.g., right to work, right to education, and right to social security.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Actual loss of portion of a chromosome.
A large group of diseases which are characterized by a low prevalence in the population. They frequently are associated with problems in diagnosis and treatment.
Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the hand occurring at or before birth.
Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of health care facilities such as nursing homes.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal sex chromosome constitution (SEX CHROMOSOME ABERRATIONS), in which there is extra or missing sex chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment).
Large, robust forms of brown algae (PHAEOPHYCEAE) in the order Laminariales. They are a major component of the lower intertidal and sublittoral zones on rocky coasts in temperate and polar waters. Kelp, a kind of SEAWEED, usually refers to species in the genera LAMINARIA or MACROCYSTIS, but the term may also be used for species in FUCUS or Nereocystis.
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by deletion of the proximal long arm of the paternal chromosome 15 (15q11-q13) or by inheritance of both of the pair of chromosomes 15 from the mother (UNIPARENTAL DISOMY) which are imprinted (GENETIC IMPRINTING) and hence silenced. Clinical manifestations include MENTAL RETARDATION; MUSCULAR HYPOTONIA; HYPERPHAGIA; OBESITY; short stature; HYPOGONADISM; STRABISMUS; and HYPERSOMNOLENCE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p229)
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
The locations in specific DNA sequences where CHROMOSOME BREAKS have occurred.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. This includes disorders of the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscle.
An epileptic syndrome characterized by the triad of infantile spasms, hypsarrhythmia, and arrest of psychomotor development at seizure onset. The majority present between 3-12 months of age, with spasms consisting of combinations of brief flexor or extensor movements of the head, trunk, and limbs. The condition is divided into two forms: cryptogenic (idiopathic) and symptomatic (secondary to a known disease process such as intrauterine infections; nervous system abnormalities; BRAIN DISEASES, METABOLIC, INBORN; prematurity; perinatal asphyxia; TUBEROUS SCLEROSIS; etc.). (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp744-8)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Clinical or subclinical disturbances of cortical function due to a sudden, abnormal, excessive, and disorganized discharge of brain cells. Clinical manifestations include abnormal motor, sensory and psychic phenomena. Recurrent seizures are usually referred to as EPILEPSY or "seizure disorder."
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
A state in northeastern Australia. Its capital is Brisbane. Its coast was first visited by Captain Cook in 1770 and its first settlement (penal) was located on Moreton Bay in 1824. The name Cooksland was first proposed but honor to Queen Victoria prevailed. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p996 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p441)
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)
The only species of a cosmopolitan ascidian.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The analysis of a sequence such as a region of a chromosome, a haplotype, a gene, or an allele for its involvement in controlling the phenotype of a specific trait, metabolic pathway, or disease.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
A specific pair of GROUP D CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
The training or molding of an individual through various relationships, educational agencies, and social controls, which enables him to become a member of a particular society.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
Clinical conditions caused by an abnormal chromosome constitution in which there is extra or missing chromosome material (either a whole chromosome or a chromosome segment). (from Thompson et al., Genetics in Medicine, 5th ed, p429)
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A specific pair of GROUP E CHROMOSOMES of the human chromosome classification.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.
The World Health Organization's classification categories of health and health-related domains. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) consists of two lists: a list of body functions and structure, and a list of domains of activity and participation. The ICF also includes a list of environmental factors.
Difficulty in walking from place to place.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
A specific pair of human chromosomes in group A (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 1-3) of the human chromosome classification.
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
The interactions between parent and child.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.
Living facilities for humans.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
Female parents, human or animal.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Increased levels of PROLACTIN in the BLOOD, which may be associated with AMENORRHEA and GALACTORRHEA. Relatively common etiologies include PROLACTINOMA, medication effect, KIDNEY FAILURE, granulomatous diseases of the PITUITARY GLAND, and disorders which interfere with the hypothalamic inhibition of prolactin release. Ectopic (non-pituitary) production of prolactin may also occur. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp77-8)
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.

A performance-based lottery to improve residential care and training by institutional staff. (1/2787)

Two experiments were conducted on four units of a residential facility for the multiply-handicapped retarded in an attempt to improve daily care and training services. Experiment I compared the effects of two procedures in maintaining the work performance of attendants, using an A-B design on two units. One procedure consisted of implementing specific staff-resident assignments, the other consisted of allowing attendants who had met performance criteria to be eligible for a weekly lottery in which they could win the opportunity to rearrange their days off for the following week. Results showed that the lottery was a more effective procedure as measured by the per cent of time attendants engaged in predefined target behaviors, and by their frequency of task completion in several areas of resident care. Experiment II replicated and extended these results to the area of work quality on two additional units, using a multiple-baseline design. The performance lottery was found to be an effective econimical procedure that could be implemented by supervisory staff on a large scale.  (+info)

The effects of social punishment on noncompliance: a comparison with timeout and positive practice. (2/2787)

The effects of social punishment, positive practice, and timeout on the noncompliant behavior of four mentally retarded children were assessed in a multitreatment withdrawal design. When programmed, the experimental procedure occurred contigent on non-compliance to experimenter-issued commands. Commands were given at 55-sec intervals throughout each experimental session. The results showed (1) lower levels of noncompliance with social punishment than with the positive-practice or timeout conditions, and (2) that relatively few applications of social punishment were required to obtain this effect. The advantages of social punishment over other punishment procedures, considerations to be made before using it, and the various aspects of the procedure that contribute to its effectiveness were discussed.  (+info)

A new X linked neurodegenerative syndrome with mental retardation, blindness, convulsions, spasticity, mild hypomyelination, and early death maps to the pericentromeric region. (3/2787)

We report on a family with an X linked neurodegenerative disorder consisting of mental retardation, blindness, convulsions, spasticity, and early death. Neuropathological examination showed mild hypomyelination. By linkage analysis, the underlying genetic defect could be assigned to the pericentromeric region of the X chromosome with a maximum lod score of 3.30 at theta=0.0 for the DXS1204 locus with DXS337 and PGK1P1 as flanking markers.  (+info)

Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and autoimmune thyroiditis in a boy with a ring chromosome 18: additional evidence of autoimmunity or IDDM gene(s) on chromosome 18. (4/2787)

A 4 year 3 month old boy with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), autoimmune thyroiditis, slight mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, and a de novo ring chromosome 18 (deletion 18q22.3-18qter) is described. This unique association of defects could represent a chance association. Alternatively, the clinical features could be the result of the chromosomal aberration. If so, one could speculate that a gene or genes on chromosome 18 might act as a suppressor or activator of the autoimmune process by itself or in concert with other IDDM loci.  (+info)

Dilemmas in counselling females with the fragile X syndrome. (5/2787)

The dilemmas in counselling a mildly retarded female with the fragile X syndrome and her retarded partner are presented. The fragile X syndrome is an X linked mental retardation disorder that affects males and, often less severely, females. Affected females have an increased risk of having affected offspring. The counselling of this couple was complicated by their impaired comprehension which subsequently impaired their thinking on the different options. The woman became pregnant and underwent CVS, which showed an affected male fetus. The pregnancy was terminated. Whether nondirective counselling for this couple was the appropriate method is discussed and the importance of a system oriented approach, through involving relatives, is stressed.  (+info)

The Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome. (6/2787)

Two new cases of Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome are described; they belong to the fourth family from Lebanon in which this disease has been recognized. There is no genealogical linkage between these four families. A particular feature in these cases is a striking rhizomelic shortness of the arms especially in one case. Clinical and radiological findings, progression of the skeletal changes are studied, along with the review of the cases in the literature. Cytological and biochemical data indicate that the DMC syndrome is not a mucopolysaccharidosis.  (+info)

Quantitative morphological studies of developing human cerebellar cortex in various disease states. (7/2787)

A quantitative morphological assessment was carried out of the cellularity and staining properties of the cells of the layers of the human cerebellar cortex, both in the normal child and in 41 children suffering from a series of disorders including mental retardation. A computerized image analyser and highly standardized procedures were used. All of the cases of mental retardation and some cases with congenital cardiac anomalies showed abnormal cell concentrations and staining properties. 3 cases of 'cot death' also showed abnormal results. These findings are presented as a new measurable aspect of brain disease, and as a indication for further study.  (+info)

Severe mental retardation in a boy with partial trisomy 10q and partial monosomy 2q. (8/2787)

A severely mentally subnormal child with many physical stigmata was shown to have the karyotype 46,XY,-2,+der(2),t(2;10)(q31;q24)pat. Full evaluation of this patient's karyotype depended on the family studies. It was shown that a balanced translocation t(2,10) was present in 4 normal males in 3 generations.  (+info)

Background: Physical inactivity is a leading risk factor for mortality. Adults with intellectual disability are extremely inactive, but less is known about physical activity levels in children and youth with intellectual disability. This paper examines the participation by adolescents and young adults with and without mild to moderate intellectual disability in sport/exercise. Methods: Secondary analysis was undertaken of Next Steps, an annual panel study that followed a cohort from early adolescence into adulthood. Participants with mild to moderate intellectual disability were identified through data linkage with educational records. Results: Sport/exercise participation rates were consistently lower for adolescents and young people with mild to moderate intellectual disability than for their peers without intellectual disability. Matching participants on between-group differences in exposure to extraneous risk factors did not impact on these between-group differences in participation in ...
The participants with moderate and severe behaviour problems showed significantly more symptoms of psychiatric disorders than those without such problems, and the majority of the participants with behaviour problems had symptoms of the main psychiatric disorders. The participants with mild and moderate intellectual disability showed more symptoms of psychosis and depression than the participants with severe and profound intellectual disability. There were no direct associations between individual behaviour problems and psychiatric disorders, but the group with mild/moderate intellectual disability showed a somewhat different pattern of associations than the group with severe/profound intellectual disability. Depression was associated with screaming and aggression in the participants with severe and profound intellectual disability, and with self-injury in the participants with mild and moderate intellectual disability ...
A mental disorder characterized by arrested or incomplete mental development, with onset before age 18, leading to significantly below-average intellectual functioning (specifically, IQ below 70), accompanied by deficits in adaptive functioning in such areas as interpersonal communication, self-care, home living, social skills, use of public amenities, self-direction, scholastic or academic performance, work, leisure, health, or safety. According to the World Health Organization, an IQ between 50 and 70 is approximately indicative of mild mental retardation, 35-50 moderate mental retardation, 20-35 severe mental retardation, and below 20 profound mental retardation. See cerebral gigantism, cerebral palsy, cretinism, cri du chat, Downs syndrome, foetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, Hurlers syndrome, idiot savant, Klinefelters syndrome, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, macrocephaly, microcephaly, mild mental retardation, moderate mental retardation, phenylketonuria, profound mental retardation, ...
Knapp, M., Comas-Herrera, A., Astin, J., Beecham, J., & Pendaries, C. (2005). Intellectual disability, challenging behavior and cost in care accommodation: What are the links? Health & Social Care in the Community, 13(4): 297-306.. The paper examines the links between degree of intellectual disability, challenging behaviour, service utilisation and cost for a group of people with intellectual disabilities living in care accommodation in England. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of people with intellectual disabilities, identified via provider organisations, with supplementary collection of costs data. Multivariate analyses of cost variations were carried out for 930 adults with intellectual disabilities. There were strong, nonlinear, interdependent links between degree of intellectual disability, behaviour, service use and costs. Higher costs were associated with more severe intellectual disabilities and more challenging behaviour. Sector and scale of residence also influenced cost in ...
Hedi Lampert, of Constantia, has written a debut novel inspired by her aunts struggle with a genetic condition that causes mild to severe intellectual disability.. Hedi grew up with an aunt who suffers from Fragile X syndrome and she has spent the last 15 years researching it. Those with the full mutation often have developmental delays, attention problems, hyperactivity, autism, and behaviour problems. Those who are pre-mutation carriers of Fragile X may experience cognitive or emotional challenges, although less severely. The character, Vi, in Hedis book, The Trouble with my Aunt, is based on her mothers sister.. Born in 1933, her aunt grew up in a time when children like her were viewed as retarded.. The education system at the time had no place for them and their families had little to no support, so institutionalisation in facilities for the mentally handicapped was seen by many as the only viable option. In Hedis grandfathers will, he states that his daughter should never be ...
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Intellectual disabilities affect peoples intellectual capacity and their capacity to learn new or complex information. They become apparent in childhood and affect development.. The cause of many intellectual disabilities is not known and in many cases there are no visible signs of the impairment. The most commonly recognised form of intellectual disability is Downs Syndrome.. 1% or almost 29,000 New Zealanders have an intellectual disability. Health Indicators for New Zealanders with Intellectual Disability.. Intellectual disabilities are different from learning difficulties or disabilities, such as dyslexia, which affect the way in which people learn rather than their capacity to learn. Intellectual disabilities are also not a form of mental health problem such as depression or schizophrenia, which can present at any time and affect perception rather than intellectual capacity.. ...
INTRODUCTION: MED13L-related intellectual disability is characterized by moderate intellectual disability (ID), speech impairment, and dysmorphic facial features. We present 8 patients with MED13L-related intellectual disability and review the literature for phenotypical and genetic aspects of previously described patients.. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the search for genetic aberrations in individuals with ID, two of the patients were identified by chromosomal microarray analysis, and five by exome sequencing. One of the individuals, suspected of MED13L-related intellectual disability, based on clinical features, was identified by Sanger sequencing.. RESULTS: All 8 individuals had de novo MED13L aberrations, including two intragenic microdeletions, two frameshift, three nonsense variants, and one missense variant. Phenotypically, they all had intellectual disability, speech and motor delay, and features of the mouth (open mouth appearance, macroglossia, and/or macrostomia). Two individuals were ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Microcephaly and Mental Subnormality in Chronic Progressive Spinal Muscular Atrophy of Childhood. AU - Spiro, Alfred J.. AU - Fogelson, M. Harold. AU - Goldberg, Albert C.. PY - 1967/10. Y1 - 1967/10. N2 - A wide variety of clinical manifestations are encountered in the various forms of progressive spinal muscular atrophy of childhood. The family reported here illustrates the relatively slowly progressive form of this disease. The presence of mental subnormality and microcephaly in this family is an unusual finding. Electromyographic and or muscle biopsy evidence of a neuropathic lesion is necessary to substantiate the diagnosis and to differentiate this disorder from several other diseases with similar clinical manifestations. Microcéphalie et subnormalité mentale dans latrophie musculaire rachidienne progressive chronique de lenfance Une grande variété de manifestations cliniques se rencontrent dans les diverses formes de latrophie musculaire rachidienne progressive de ...
The London 2012 Paralympics have the potential to change public attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities, according to research presented in a symposium at the British Psychology Society Annual Conference held in London last week.. Joanna Ferrara and her colleagues from Canterbury Christ Church University asked 120 student volunteers to complete a questionnaire about their attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities - also known as learning difficulties and previously known as mental handicap. The same students were then asked to read about and watch footage of elite athletes with intellectual disabilities performing at a Paralympic level of sport and complete the questionnaires again.. The researchers found that the students attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities were more positive regarding beliefs about empowerment. Attitudes were influenced by the amount of prior contact respondents had had with people with intellectual disabilities. This adds to ...
The term mental retardation is an often-misunderstood term and since it is seen as derogatory in the general public we use the term intellectual disability. In general people believe that retardation is only diagnosed on the basis of below-normal intelligence (IQ), and that those with intellectual disabilities are unable to learn or to care for themselves. This is actually not true. In order to be diagnosed as a person with intellectual disabilities, the individual has to have both a significantly low IQ and considerable problems in everyday functioning. Most of those with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal, and in adulthood can lead at least partially independent lives. The reason for this is like anything else there are degrees of impairment and most individuals with intellectual disabilities have only a mild level of impairment. However, those with intellectual disabilities may also have several different physical and emotional complications. For instance, they may have ...
SENATOR FOR TASMANIA. LABOR WILL INVEST IN SPECIALIST CARE FOR INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. A Shorten Labor Government will improve the health of people with intellectual disability with a $9.5 million investment to tailor health care to their needs.. This election is a choice between a Shorten Labor Government with a plan for health, or more cuts and chaos from the Liberals.. Over 400,000 Australians have intellectual disability, and they face huge health inequalities.. Australians with intellectual disability have higher rates of physical and mental health conditions, and twice the rate of emergency department presentations and hospital admissions.. Tragically, the result of these inequalities is that an estimated 38 per cent of deaths of people with intellectual disability are potentially avoidable.. A coalition of over 120 doctors and experts say that one reason for this toll is that health professionals arent sufficiently trained on intellectual disability. They face challenges communicating ...
Complicating our efforts to answer Kennedys question of what we should do with the people who have intellectual disability is the fact that the current term, intellectual disability, describes a broad and diverse group of individuals. Intellectual disability, while being inclusive of only about half a percentage point of the general population, includes individuals capable of attaining a high school degree and individuals who have been unable to develop basic personal care skills. The range included within the category is as wide as the range between mild intellectual disability and genius. The net impact of this diversity is the growing recognition that one size does not fit all. No program or regulation is going to work well across the entire spectrum of intellectual disability. Services, supports, and regulatory protections must be individualized and models must be developed whether in the healthcare or human services sector to better serve those individual needs. We face a considerable ...
Members of the Knights of Columbus do a great deal to assist people with intellectual disabilities. As your council works to improve the quality of life for people with intellectual disabilities, please remember that your everyday speech, council bulletins, committee reports, posters, and flyers should be accurate and considerate when referring to people with disabilities.. DO talk or write about people with intellectual disabilities (do NOT use other terms to describe them).. DO treat adults with intellectual disabilities as adults (NOT as children).. Use positive language. MOST IMPORTANTLY, speak or write about these individuals with the respect all human beings deserve. Keep in mind that how you refer to people can have a great impact on the way others perceive them.. (click here to donate to the Campaign for People with Intellectual Disabilities Fund). One of the most popular and successful programs conducted by our councils for the benefit of people with intellectual disabilities is when ...
Objectives: There is now a body of research into the attributions that carers make of the challenging behavior of people with intellectual disabilities; however the attributions that people with intellectual disabilities make have not been studied. This paper describes the attributions that people with intellectual disabilities make of challenging behavior and compares them to those of their carers. Methods: Twenty-three day-service staff and 34 adults with intellectual disabilities completed measures of attribution, optimism, emotion and need for help and gave open-ended responses to questions about the causes of and potential interventions for challenging behaviors. Results: The overall pattern of attribution, emotion, optimism and intention to help is similar for people with intellectual disabilities and staff. However, compared to staff, people with intellectual disabilities were less optimistic and less happy about challenging behavior. Conclusions: This area of research will help identify ...
Includes bibliographical references (p. 203-220) and index. Working systemically with intellectual disability: why not? / Glenda Fredman -- The use of the systemic approach to adults with intellectual disabilities and their families: historical overview and current research / Sandra Baum -- Lifespan family therapy services / Sabrina Halliday and Lorna Robbins -- Setting up and evaluating a family therapy service in a community team for people with intellectual disabilities / Sandra Baum and Sarah Walden -- Engaging people with intellectual disabilities in systemic therapy / Denise Cardone and Amanda Hilton -- New stories of intellectual disabilities: a narrative approach / Katrina Scior and Henrik Lynggaard -- Supporting transitions / Jennifer Clegg and Susan King -- Who needs to change? : using systemic ideas when working in group homes / Selma Rikberg Smyly -- The practitioners position in relation to systemic work in intellectual disability contexts / Helen Pote -- So how do I ...? / Henrik ...
INTRODUCTION TO INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY 1. Introductionto Intellectual Disability. Intellectual disability refers to a disability, which occurs beforethe age of 18. Individuals with disability experience limitations intwo major areas: Intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. Boththe limitations are often expressed in conceptual, practical, andsocial life of an individuals everyday skills. A number ofindividuals that experience intellectual disability are affectedmildly and thus making their disability more difficult to see withoutvisual cues (Rapley, 2004). It is diagnosed with the use ofintellectual standardized tests and adaptive behavior. It is observedthat individuals with appropriate support over a sustained of time,generally experience outcome in life. The paper therefore, examinesintellectual disability by focusing on a special educatorsinterview of students with intellectual disability, and then focus onissues relating to students ID. The special andregular educators interview ...
Effects of stressors, internal resources, and coping stragegies on the adaptation of families of children with a mental handicap ...
Mental Handicap at MedExplorer. Reviewed health medical sites and medical information center. Including searchable categories, employment, conferences, discussion forum, classifieds, and more.
An intellectual disability (ID) is also known as a learning disability (LD) or cognitive disability. People with such disabilities tend to refer to themselves as having learning disabilities. But we use the term intellectual disability in this website because it is recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and increasingly used in discussions of accessibility.. An intellectual disability, or learning disability, is a mental impairment which is present from birth or acquired early in life. This results in a low IQ. This is a very simple definition.. It is more helpful understand that people with intellectual disabilities can be very different from each other. People with intellectual disabilities might:. ...
Intellectual Functioning. An intellectual disability may be caused by a genetic condition, problems during pregnancy and birth, health problems or illness, and environmental factors. What is intellectual disability? Myth: Faith healers can cure intellectual disability. A person with an intellectual disability has fewer or less developed cognitive resources than what is normal for their age. Intellectual disability definition is - mild to severe impairment in intellectual ability equivalent to an IQ of 70 to 75 or below that is accompanied by significant limitations in social, practical, and conceptual skills (as in interpersonal communication, reasoning, or self-care) necessary for independent daily functioning and that has an onset before age 18. Prevalence also varied dramatically by location with Arkansas at the high end seeing double the cases of Minnesota and Tennessee, which reported the lowest rates. (more than 545,000 are ages 6-21). This disability originates before the age of 18, and ...
Intellectual Disability LHO Dublin North. A comprehensive adult service is provided across the whole spectrum of intellectual disability, this includes people with an intellectual disability who are homeless, parents, non-nationals, travellers and young person/adults with challenging behaviour or duel diagnosis.. Intellectual Disability Services for LHO Dublin North are provided by St Josephs Intellectual Services and by a number of voluntary services through a range of comminity and residential service models. Contact Details Tel 01 8403401. St Josephs Intellectual Disability Services has four functional areas namely. Acute Services, Residential Services, Day Services, Community Services.. Referral System. There is an open referral system for clients and their families which is responded to within a specified period. Each client then has an entire assessment of needs completed by a Clinical Nurse Specialist and when required other assessments are carried out by Psychologists, Speech & Language ...
Selama bertahun-tahun, siswa penyandang intellectual disability diklasifikasikan sebagai siswa intellectual disability mampu didik (Educable Mentally retarded/EMR) atau intellectual disability mampu latih (Trainable Mentally retarded/TMR). Istilah-istilah tersebut merujuk pada intellectual disability mild dan intellectual disabilty moderate dan masih bisa diterima dalam dunia pendidikan umum. Namun, penggunaan istilah EMR dan TMR dianggap tidak pantas karena istilah ini menyiratkan bahwa individu yang memiliki karakteristik tersebut akan memiliki pretasi yang terbatas. Sedangkan, untuk intellectual disability severe dan profound sering ditolak dalam pendidikan umum (Heward, 2013 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Women with intellectual disabilities. T2 - A study of sexuality, sexual abuse and protection skills. AU - Eastgate, Gillian. AU - van Driel, Mieke L.. AU - Lennox, Nicholas. AU - Scheermeyer, Elly. PY - 2011/4. Y1 - 2011/4. N2 - Background: Sexual abuse and abusive relationships are known to be especially common in people with intellectual disability. This study explored how women with intellectual disability understand sex, relationships and sexual abuse, the effects of sexual abuse on their lives, and how successfully they protect themselves from abuse. Method: Semistructured narrative interviews with nine women with mild intellectual disability in Queensland, Australia. Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, coded and analysed qualitatively. Results: Major themes that emerged were: sexual knowledge and sources of knowledge; negotiating sexual relationships; declining unwanted sexual contact; self protection strategies; sexual abuse experiences; and sequelae of sexual ...
The effects of Intellectual Disabilities vary considerably among people who have them, just as the range of abilities varies considerably among all people. People with Intellectual Disabilities may need assistance with communications. They may need support with self-care and home living. Additionally, Intellectual Disabilities can effect a persons social skills and health and safety, their academic work and professional work life. However with appropriate supports over a sustained period, the life-functioning of the person with Intellectual Disability generally improves. Appropriate supports includes an array of services, supportive individuals, and receptive settings that match an individuals needs. Every person is different, so each person with Intellectual Disabilities is evaluated and reevaluated so that their needs are being met. For most people supports are needed over an extended period of time, and for many persons, supports will be lifelong. For some, however, certain supports may be ...
The Divisions clinical service platform is based at two regional Psychiatric Hospitals, Alexandra Hospital in Maitland and Lentegeur Psychiatric Hospital in Mitchells Plain. The Groote Schuur UCT Department accommodates the Vera Grover Chair, non-patient related research activities and access to general Departmental administrative support. Alexandra Hospital provides for people with intellectual disability and the Lentegeur Intellectual Disability Service functions within the general Lentegeur Psychiatric Hospital. The establishments have approximately 300 and 250 Intellectual Disability Service (IDS) beds respectively; Alexandra Hospital has 34 acute beds and Lentegeur Hospital IDS has 15 child and adolescent beds. Both provide outpatient services and medium- and long-term care for over 400 patients in a number of wards. Although nearly 500 adults with intellectual disability were de-institutionalised from both hospitals in 2008-2009, many with severe and profound intellectual disability ...
This article systematically reviews the literature on the effects of adverse life events or trauma on people with intellectual disabilities. It is important to systematically examine empirical evidence of the effects of trauma in people with intellectual disabilities as to date the number of studies in this area is not substantial, and the effects of trauma seen in the predominately general population literature are not necessarily transferable to the intellectual disability population. Identification of the effects of trauma on people with intellectual disabilities facilitates case recognition and appropriate treatment. Fifteen articles were selected for the review, and the results suggest that studies to date have been hampered by the lack of a consistent definition of trauma and the lack of a reliable and valid means of measuring the effects of trauma in people with intellectual disabilities. The review also indicates a lack of studies establishing causal links between life events and ...
An Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ICF-IID) is a facility that serves four (4) or more persons with intellectual disability or persons with related conditions and provides health or rehabilitative services on a regular basis to individuals whose mental and physical conditions require services including room, board, and active treatment for their intellectual disability or related conditions. For purposes of this regulation, the definitions of Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities and Habilitation Center for Persons with Intellectual Disability or Persons with Related Conditions are the same and both terms are utilized interchangeably.. ...
immune Uncategorized CD22, TBC-11251 Background People with intellectual disabilities have poor access to health care, which may be further compromised by a lack of accessible health information. there, and what they remembered a week later. Methods The study drew on qualitative data. We used a participatory research approach that involved working alongside people with intellectual disabilities and their supporters in a community setting. Cognitive function was assessed, using the Matrix Analogies Test and the British Picture Vocabulary Scale, to describe the sample. Participants, supported by facilitators, were video recorded accessing and engaging with the virtual environment. We assessed recall 1 week later, using a specialized interview technique. Data were downloaded into NVivo 8 and analyzed using the framework analysis technique. Results Study participants were 20 people aged between 20 and 80 years with mild to severe intellectual disabilities. All participants were able to access the ...
The present study aimed to analyze the stability of the memory of a stressful event (medical examination within a hospital setting) over time in young people (age range 12 to 21, Mage = 15.11 years old, SD = 3.047) with mild or moderate intellectual disability (IQ = 54.32, SD = 13.47). The results show a stability of the memory of what happened an hour and a week after the event in relation to the people involved, the apparatus used, and the parts of the body explored. No interaction effects were found between the stability of memory over time and the level of intellectual disability. The level of disability (mild or moderate) only affected the description of the doctor who performed the exploration and the explored parts of the body, showing better results for people with mild disability. In addition, the results highlight the relationship between memory and IQ, especially verbal IQ.
Until Rosas Law was signed into law by President Obama in October 2010, IDEA used the term mental retardation instead of intellectual disability. Rosas Law changed the term to be used in future to intellectual disability. The definition itself, however, did not change. Accordingly, intellectual disability is defined as…. …significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a childs educational performance. [34 CFR §300.8(c)(6)].. The State of Ohio most recently utilized the term Cognitive Disability to identify this category. It is anticipated that the term Cognitive Disability will be formally replaced with the Intellectual Disability when the current Operating Standards are revised. The current definition is specified in §3301-51-01(B)(10)(d)(ii) as cited below:. (ii) Cognitive disability (mental retardation) means significantly subaverage ...
The genetic defect has widespread consequences in the body, and people with even the trait or carrier status may have a variety of physical, emotional, intellectual and behavioral problems or they may be normal. Early menopause is a common problem for women who are carriers. Also, older carriers can develop tremor and balance problems as they age. All of these problems can vary widely in severity among individuals.. Although many children with fragile X syndrome clearly desire socialization, they are often overwhelmed by stimuli, leading to behaviors typical of autism.. About 80 percent of boys with fragile X syndrome demonstrate intellectual disability, compared to about one third of females. Intellectual abilities range from a normal IQ with subtle learning disabilities to severe intellectual disability. Female carriers who are intellectually normal are often found to share characteristic disturbances, such as difficulty in learning math, and emotional problems such as extreme shyness, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Advances in understanding - genetic basis of intellectual disability. AU - Chiurazzi, Pietro. AU - Pirozzi, Filomena. PY - 2016. Y1 - 2016. N2 - Intellectual disability is the most common developmental disorder characterized by a congenital limitation in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. It often co-occurs with other mental conditions like attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder, and can be part of a malformation syndrome that affects other organs. Considering the heterogeneity of its causes (environmental and genetic), its frequency worldwide varies greatly. This review focuses on known genes underlying (syndromic and non-syndromic) intellectual disability, it provides a succinct analysis of their Gene Ontology, and it suggests the use of transcriptional profiling for the prioritization of candidate genes.. AB - Intellectual disability is the most common developmental disorder characterized by a congenital limitation in intellectual ...
BACKGROUND: Civil and political participation lies at the core of citizenship. Increasingly, people with intellectual disability are members of disability advisory bodies. This study investigated the political orientations of advisory body members with intellectual disability, their participatory experiences, and the types of support they received. METHOD: The 9 people with intellectual disability who in 2005 were members of disability advisory bodies at a state, national, and Victorian local government level were interviewed, together with 12 other members or secretariat staff of these bodies. Observations were also conducted of advisory body meetings. RESULTS: The political perspective of members with intellectual disability varied, but all had a background in self-advocacy. They found the work hard but rewarding and encountered both practical and intangible obstacles to participation. Members received varying types of practical support, but a supportive collegial milieu was characteristic ...
The prevalence of obese, overweight, and healthy weight adults with intellectual disability in the community was estimated using data from the National Health Interview Survey from 1985 to 2000. Using the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a measure, the percentage of adults with intellectual disability in the obese category was higher than that for the general population and increased over the 16-year period. There was no similar detectable trend for adults with intellectual disability who were in the overweight category. Compared to their counterparts in the general population, a smaller proportion of women and young adults with intellectual disability maintained their weights in the healthy range. Implications regarding potential health risks and future research were discussed. ...
According to Cornell University, in 2011 there was an estimated 14,144,300 (4.9%) people in the United States with a cognitive disability. Broadly speaking, intellectual disabilities pertain to difficulties with memory; problem-solving: attention, reading, linguistic, and verbal comprehension; math comprehension; and visual comprehension. Intellectual disabilities range from mild, moderate or severe and many people have one or more intellectual disability. Users with intellectual disabilities are often forgotten or are an afterthought when it comes to Web design.. Testing websites for accessibility has typically included automated testing, manual testing with Favelets and toolbars, and testing with screen readers, such as JAWS and NVDA. These testing methodologies are primarily concerned with those who have visual disabilities. The purpose of our research was to determine if accessibility testers should also be including text-to-speech software tools as part of their regular testing practices to ...
Background: Families with parental intellectual disabilities are likely to need support in achieving a decent family life. In order to accurately plan for such support services, society needs data regarding the occurrence of those parents and their children. The aim of this study was to investigate the five-year incidence of children born to women with intellectual disabilities in a county in Sweden. Methods: Women born between 1975 and 1989 were identified from school registers for children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in the county of Blekinge. The womens personal identification numbers were, in 2010, linked and matched with the Swedish Medical Birth Register. Results: In total, 98 women with intellectual disabilities were identified. Nine of these had given birth to children; one woman to two children and eight women to one child each. The ten children were born between 2004 and 2008. Conclusion: The incidence rate calculated as a result of the present study indicates that ...
Part 1 is a literature review investigating South Asian parents perceptions of their childs intellectual disability, its effects on family life and views on service use. Search strategies used to identify relevant literature are specified and the results are presented in three parts. Firstly, experiences of parents regarding the process of diagnosis and provision of support are discussed. Secondly, their perceptions of the causes, symptoms and prognosis of their childs intellectual disability are presented. Lastly, the effects of having a child with an intellectual disability on parenting and family life are outlined. The findings are then summarised and implications considered. Part 2 is a qualitative study designed to address gaps identified in the literature review, focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of the Pakistani community in the UK regarding intellectual disabilities. The results highlight the importance of taking the views of this community in account in implementing current UK ...
by Dr Giacomo Vivanti. Many individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have Intellectual Disability (that is, below average I.Q. and poor adaptive functioning). What is the nature of this association? Data published from a recent study at the Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre (OTARC), Intellectual development in autism spectrum disorders, provide new insight into this complex issue.. The scientific community has given little attention to this question for decades. Indeed, the prevalent view in the field is that Intellectual Disability in ASD is an additional, unrelated condition that happens to be present in some individuals with ASD, and is not seen as providing valuable information on the nature of autism.. Following this line of thought, most research in ASD conducted over the past decades, including research on treatment, has excluded individuals with ASD who have an Intellectual Disability, on the ground that their Intellectual Disability would confound the interpretation of ...
An intellectual disability (also commonly referred to as a developmental disability among other terms) is, simply stated, a disability that significantly affects ones ability to learn and use information. It is a disability that is present during childhood and continues throughout ones life. A person who has an intellectual disability is capable of participating effectively in all aspects of daily life, but sometimes requires more assistance than others in learning a task, adapting to changes in tasks and routines, and addressing the many barriers to participation that result from the complexity of our society. Examples of an intellectual disability might include someone who has Down Syndrome, Autism, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, or another label, however, there are people with an intellectual disability may not have a medical diagnosis.. ...
McCracken, Forness, & Ackerland, 1994). Existing di- Autism and autism spectrum disorders make up agnostic classificatory systems (DSM-IV, American one of the largest diagnostic subgroups within the en- Psychiatric Association, 1994; ICD-10-CDDG, World tire population of individuals with intellectual disabil- Health Organization, 1992) rely heavily on descriptions ity (Nordin & Gillberg, 1996; Stromme & Diseth, of the subjective experiences of the individuals who are 2000). Autism is a behaviorally defined syndrome that being diagnosed. Applying these diagnostic approaches is characterized by abnormalities or impairments in the to persons who are unable to share their subjective ex- areas of communication and play, socialization, and periences because of cognitive and communication im- range of interests and activities, all with an onset before pairments and disabilities is problematic, and some 3 years of age (DSM-IV; American Psychiatric Asso- would argue that an alternative conceptualization ...
Understanding Intellectual Disability: a handbook for families, staff, students and professionals. This handbook brings together the expertise of over twenty practitioners working in the sector. It provides information and supports best practice on a range of important issues related to the rights of people with intellectual disability. It includes topics such as development and the child with intellectual disability, self-advocacy; inclusive education; employment; living options; sexuality; mental health; challenging behavior and Autism Spectrum Disorder.. Professor Collen Adnams & Rebecca Johns (WCFID, Cape Town, 2016). Recommended For: Schools, Workshops, Special Care Centres / 24 Hour Facilities, Residential Facilities & Parents ...
David Hessl. All such tests have a floor - a point beyond which the test is not able to measure cognitive functioning below a given level, usually an IQ of around 40 points.. But many people with intellectual disability, such as those with Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), have scores that may be lower than the floor. Establishing a floor for intelligence levels, or flattens, the profile of test scores among people with intellectual disability, which may eliminate the opportunity to fully appreciate their actual strengths and weaknesses.. That is the finding of research by the UC Davis MIND Institute, which seeks to offer a different, validated approach to the assessment of intelligence in individuals with intellectual disabilities. The study, Improving IQ measurement in intellectual disabilities using true deviation from population norms, appears in the Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders.. The results of the present study provide evidence of the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Eight further individuals with intellectual disability and epilepsy carrying bi-allelic CNTNAP2 aberrations allow delineation of the mutational and phenotypic spectrum. AU - Smogavec, Mateja. AU - Cleall, Alison. AU - Hoyer, Juliane. AU - Lederer, Damien. AU - Nassogne, Marie Cécile. AU - Palmer, Elizabeth E.. AU - Deprez, Marie. AU - Benoit, Valérie. AU - Maystadt, Isabelle. AU - Noakes, Charlotte. AU - Leal, Alejandro. AU - Shaw, Marie. AU - Gecz, Jozef. AU - Raymond, Lucy. AU - Reis, André. AU - Shears, Deborah. AU - Brockmann, Knut. AU - Zweier, Christiane. PY - 2016/12/1. Y1 - 2016/12/1. N2 - Background Heterozygous copy number variants (CNVs) or sequence variants in the contactin-associated protein 2 gene CNTNAP2 have been discussed as risk factors for a wide spectrum of neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders. Bi-allelic aberrations in this gene are causative for an autosomal-recessive disorder with epilepsy, severe intellectual disability (ID) and cortical ...
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Molecular anomalies in MED13L, leading to haploinsufficiency, have been reported in patients with moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) and distinct facial features, with or without congenital heart defects. Phenotype of the patients was referred to MED13L haploinsufficiency syndrome. Missense variants in MED13L were already previously described to cause the MED13L-related syndrome, but only in a limited number of patients. Here we report 36 patients with MED13L molecular anomaly, recruited through an international collaboration between centers of expertise for developmental anomalies. All patients presented with intellectual disability and severe language impairment. Hypotonia, ataxia, and recognizable facial gestalt were frequent findings, but not congenital heart defects. We identified seven de novo missense variations, in addition to protein-truncating variants and intragenic deletions. Missense variants clustered in two mutation hot-spots, i.e., exons 15-17 and 25-31. We found that
There is currently no cure for intellectual disability. Those affected can learn to cope and do many things, if they get enough support and are taught well. There are many places around the world for someone with intellectual disability to get help. These places can take care of people with intellectual disabilities, as well as help them find jobs, find a house of their own, or help them take care of their children. There are some different ways for people with intellectual disability and those around them to learn how to help the person with the disability.[5] One kind is psychosocial treatment. This is meant for very young children. Psychosocial treatment helps them learn basic skills and increase learning over their lifetime. Another kind is behavioral treatment. This is meant to help young people, but can be used for adults as well. Behavior treatment helps teach language skills as well as social skills like sharing or following instructions. A third kind of help is cognitive-behavioral ...
The Erie County Department of Human Services consists of three offices: Mental Health/Intellectual Disabilities; Children and Youth; and Drug and Alcohol Abuse.. The department operates as part of the county executives administration and is overseen by the director of administration.. John DiMattio, the director of Human Services, also oversees the Office of Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities (known as MH/ID).. The MH/ID office acts as the administrator of programs, working to assure that all residents of Erie County receive the mental health and intellectual disabilities services they need. The office also administers programs to offer assistance to the homeless.. As part of the role of administrator, the MH/ID office ensures that programs exist to provide support, treatment, housing, and more for those with mental illness or intellectual disabilities.. Did you know? Last year in Erie County, 21,282 clients received a mental health service, and more than 1,900 individuals with an ...
This research aimed to identify current national provision by health services in Scotland in relation to proactive screening and reactive assessment for people with an intellectual disability in Scotland who have, or are at risk of developing, dementia. Staff from 12 intellectual disability services, representing the 11 health board areas in Scotland, completed an online questionnaire which asked about proactive screening and reactive assessment for people with intellectual disability who had, or were at risk of developing, dementia as well as suggested areas for improvement. All of the areas provided services for people with intellectual disability who have, or are at risk of developing, dementia, but differed as to whether this was reactive, proactive or both. Nine services offered intervention following diagnosis. The most common elements used across both proactive screening and reactive assessment were conducting a health check, using a general dementia questionnaire designed for people with ...
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities have increased early mortality compared with the general population. However, their extent of multimorbidity (two or more additional conditions) compared with the general population is unknown, particularly with regards to physical ill-health, as are associations between comorbidities, neighbourhood deprivation, and age. METHODS: We analysed primary health-care data on 1,424,378 adults registered with 314 representative Scottish practices. Data on intellectual disabilities, 32 physical, and six mental health conditions were extracted. We generated standardised prevalence rates by age-groups, gender, and neighbourhood deprivation, then calculated odds ratio (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI) for adults with intellectual disabilities compared to those without, for the prevalence, and number of condition. RESULTS: Eight thousand fourteen (0.56 %) had intellectual disabilities, of whom only 31.8 % had no other conditions compared to 51.6 % ...
... intellectual disability; and a loss of coordination (ataxia). Some people with severe glutathione synthetase deficiency also ...
Intellectual disability. Vision loss caused by optic nerve atrophy in early childhood. Peripheral neuropathy. Recurrent ...
"Intellectual Disability". Death Penalty Information Centre. Retrieved 6 May 2021. Oliver, Willard; Marion, Nancy (2010). ... Executions still take place for those with clear intellectual disabilities due to poor legal representation and high standards ...
Intellectual disability. The fraction of autistic individuals who also meet criteria for intellectual disability has been ... mostly for findings of intellectual disability and learning disabilities. "Many of the children now being counted in the autism ... figures compared to other disabilities in schools shows a corresponding drop in findings of intellectual disability. The ... 1 with intellectual disability and more than 5.5:1 without. Recent studies have found no association with socioeconomic status ...
... or motor disabilities; intellectual disability; emotional disturbance; cultural factors; environmental or economic disadvantage ... The 1997 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was revised as the Individual Disabilities Education Improvement ... and consists of procedures to ensure that sensory or intellectual disabilities or environmental disadvantage or cultural/ ... "Specific learning disability classification in the new Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: The danger of good ideas". ...
Intellectual Disability , Abnormal Psychology". "History of NADS: Background Information". Archived from the original on ... Misericordia is now home to over 550 children and adults with developmental disabilities. McGee died February 16, 2012, of ... Disability rights activists from the United States, People from Chicago, People from River Forest, Illinois). ... discipline and language skills and physical actions that might be accomplished unconsciously by children without a disability. ...
intellectual disability. growth impairment. genital hypoplasia. CHARGE syndrome. others. Also any condition that causes ...
Athletes with a physical disability compete, and there is also a specific category for athletes with an intellectual disability ... 20 - intellectual disability. 31-38 - cerebral palsy or other conditions that affect muscle co-ordination and control. Athletes ...
"Intellectual disability ban ends". BBC News. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2015. Barrett, Chris (2010-04-22). " ... The fallout from this scandal saw all events for athletes with intellectual disabilities removed from the next two Summer ... and won the gold medal in the Basketball ID event despite the majority of players not having an intellectual disability. ... members of the gold medal-winning Spanish basketball team at the 2000 Summer Paralympics were revealed to have no disability. ...
"Intellectual disability ban ends". BBC Sport. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2012. Lee, Traci G. (April 9, 2015). "The ...
Intellectual disability may occur. This condition is caused by mutations in the transcription factor MafB, or V-maf ...
"Intellectual disability ban ends". 2009-11-21. Retrieved 2021-09-07. "Spain ordered to return golds". BBC. 14 December 2000. ... The sport was a form of basketball adapted for players with intellectual disabilities (ID). The Basketball ID event at the 2000 ... Events for athletes with intellectual disabilities returned to the Paralympic schedule in 2012. The gold medal was initially ... medal after beating Russia in the final despite fielding a team mainly composed of athletes with no intellectual disability. ...
PPP2R5D-related intellectual disability was named "Jordan's Syndrome" after Jordan Lang, who was diagnosed by whole exome ... "PPP2R5D-related intellectual disability". MedlinePlus. 1 February 2021. Retrieved 2021-10-01. Yan, Lulu; Shen, Ru; Cao, Zongfu ... It is characterized by hypotonia, intellectual disability, and macrocephaly. Children with JS may also have epilepsy or meet ... Jordan's Syndrome (JS) or PPP2R5D-related intellectual disability is a rare autosomal dominant neurodevelopmental disorder ...
"Intellectual disability ban ends". BBC News. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2015. "Medal Standings" (PDF). IPC. ... The 2009 Championships was the first IPC-run event where intellectual disability athletes were allowed to compete since the ... The classifications for swimming are: Visual impairment S11-S13 Intellectual impairment S14 Other disability S1-S10 (Freestyle ... Games cheating by the Spanish basketball team resulted in the banning of all events for athletes with intellectual disabilities ...
"Intellectual disability and its relationship to autism spectrum disorders". Research in Developmental Disabilities. 30 (6): ... Williams syndrome and SYNGAP1-related intellectual disability. Learning disabilities are also highly comorbid in individuals ... Intellectual disabilities are some of the most common comorbid disorders with ASDs. As diagnosis is increasingly being given to ... 2019) Autism and Intellectual Disability: A Systematic Review of Sexuality and Relationship Education, Sex Disabil 37, 353-382 ...
Intellectual disabilities are defined, by the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD), as a ... "Definition of Intellectual Disability". American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. "What is Down ... Students with intellectual disabilities need to have APE programs that are appropriately designed and take into consideration ... Impairments and disabilities for APE students can vary or may even coexist with more than one disability. A students physical ...
... tests to confirm claimed disabilities. The first IPC-run event where intellectual disability athletes were allowed to compete ... "Intellectual disability ban ends". BBC News. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2012. (Webarchive template wayback links, ... The IPC attempted to develop a revised system for testing for intellectual disabilities but announced on 1 February 2003 that ... Beginning in 2004, athletes with an intellectual disability began to be re-integrated into Paralympic sport competitions. The ...
They include: Intellectual disability. The percentage of autistic individuals who also met criteria for intellectual disability ... In comparison, for PDD-NOS the association with intellectual disability was much weaker, and by definition, the diagnosis of ... American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. 114 (1): 23-41. doi:10.1352/2009.114:23-41. PMID 19143460. ... Asperger's excluded intellectual disability. Minor physical anomalies are significantly increased in the autistic population. ...
"Intellectual disability ban ends". BBC Sport. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2012. "President's Newsletter July 2010" ( ... Events for athletes with intellectual disabilities (ID class) returned to the Paralympics in athletics, swimming, and table ... PDF). International Sports Federation for Persons with Intellectual Disability. July 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... events for athletes with intellectual disabilities (ID) returned to the Paralympic programme after being suspended following ...
... is an Australian Paralympian who competed in intellectual disability basketball at the 2000 Summer Paralympics ... "Intellectual Disability Basketball Preview". Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games Official Program. Sydney. v t e v t e (Articles with ... Intellectual Disability category Paralympic competitors, Australian men's basketball players, Living people, Year of birth ... Sportspeople with intellectual disability, All stub articles, Australian basketball biography stubs, Paralympics stubs). ...
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 59 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1111/jir.12118. ISSN 0964-2633. PMID 24467696. (All articles ... Disability in Ghana is greatly stigmatized and the only way considered acceptable to deal with the problem is to kill them via ... Bayat, Mojdeh (2014-01-27). "The stories of 'snake children': killing and abuse of children with developmental disabilities in ...
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 45 (Pt 6): 484-494. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2788.2001.00364.x. PMID 11737535.{{cite ... Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. 32 (1): 39-44. doi:10.1080/13668250601184689. PMID 17365366. S2CID 24949578 ... Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 24: 18-28. doi:10.1111/j.1468-3148.2010.00569.x.{{cite journal}}: CS1 ... versus single maintaining factors of challenging behaviours as assessed by the QABF for adults with intellectual disabilities ...
"Benzodiazepines in the treatment of epilepsy in people with intellectual disability". Journal of Intellectual Disability ...
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 59 (1): 1-10. doi:10.1111/jir.12118. ISSN 0964-2633. "FAQs". AfriKids. Retrieved ... Disability in Ghana is greatly stigmatized and the only way considered acceptable to deal with the problem is to kill them via ... Spirit children often have disabilities or chronic illnesses. If the mother is sick during pregnancy, the child may also ... Bayat, Mojdeh (2014-01-27). "The stories of 'snake children': killing and abuse of children with developmental disabilities in ...
"Benzodiazepines in the treatment of epilepsy in people with intellectual disability". Journal of Intellectual Disability ...
Ng has congenital intellectual disability. Ng's first table tennis tournament was the 2011 Asian and Oceanic Championships. She ... Sportspeople with intellectual disability, Paralympic table tennis players of Hong Kong, Table tennis players at the 2020 ...
Since hemimegalencephaly is associated with severe seizures, hemiparesis and intellectual disability, the result is a poor ... Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 43 (4): 279-82. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2788.1999.00211.x. hdl:2027.42/72452. PMID ... and mild to severe intellectual disability. Megalencephaly-capillary (MCAP) is one of the two major syndromes of megalencephaly ...
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 49 (Pt 4): 260-68. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.2005.00642.x. PMID 15816813. Tani P, ... including those with intellectual disability. Asperger defended the value of so-called "high-functioning" autistic individuals ... autism unaccompanied by intellectual disability) is unclear. The ASD classification is to some extent an artifact of how autism ... Some people come to empathy through intellectual processes, using logic and reasoning to arrive at the feelings. It is also ...
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 59 (4): 293-306. doi:10.1111/jir.12122. PMID 24589346. S2CID 11896817. (All ...
... learning disabilities or intellectual disability, hearing problems, movement disorders (ataxia, paralysis, and parkinsonism ... Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 30 (3): 301-308. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2788.1986.tb01324.x. PMID 3783663. Lindor, N.M ... The patient was an intellectual disabled 43-year-old woman who had hearing impairment, distorted facial features, muscle ...
X-linked intellectual disability: Coffin-Lowry syndrome. *MASA syndrome. *Alpha-thalassemia mental retardation syndrome ... bleeds into a joint capsule can cause permanent joint damage and disfigurement resulting in chronic arthritis and disability. ...
Hyperactivity and intellectual disability are common occurrences, although the degree of each varies. Convulsions may also ... people with this disorder often have an intellectual disability, poor motor function, poor speech, abnormal facial features, ... Severely impaired intellectual development is common, but disturbances in motor functions may not appear until later in life.[ ...
Mosse, George L. (1999). The Crisis of German Ideology : Intellectual Origins of the Third Reich. New York: Howard Fertig. ISBN ... Mosse, George L. (2003). Nazi culture: intellectual, cultural and social life in the Third Reich. Madison: University of ... George L. Mosse Series in Modern European Cultural and Intellectual History. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0-299 ...
Intellectual property. Main article: Intellectual property. Businesses often have important "intellectual property" that needs ... disability, race, and in some jurisdictions, sexual orientation, and the minimum wage, as well as unions, worker compensation, ... "What is Intellectual Property (IP)?". Archived from the original on 22 January 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2021.. ... Entertainment companies and mass media agencies generate profits primarily from the sale of intellectual property. They include ...
... a marker of success and intellectual validation), 2) related (people ought to have a monogamous marriage and have kids), and 3 ... Disability-adjusted life year. *Full cost accounting. *Gender-related Development Index. *Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) ...
Untreated PKU can lead to intellectual disability, seizures, behavioral problems, and mental disorders.[1] It may also result ... Without treatment intellectual disability, seizures, behavioral problems, mental disorders, musty odor[1]. ... She had two children, Liv and Dag, who had been normal at birth but subsequently developed intellectual disability. When Dag ... The child may develop congenital heart disease, growth retardation, microcephaly and intellectual disability as a result.[51] ...
Against this intellectual cowardice, Kant urged: "Sapere Aude" ("Dare to be wise!"). In reaction to Kant, German scholars such ... "a general process of intellectual, spiritual, and aesthetic development.". *"a particular way of life, whether of a people, ... created an international intellectual movement. As the field developed, it began to combine political economy, communication, ... Disability culture *Deaf culture. *Eastern culture. *Emotions and culture. *Intercultural communication. *Intercultural ...
Stanley Martin Hauerwas[a][2] (born July 24, 1940) is an American theologian, ethicist, and public intellectual. Hauerwas was a ... Critical Reflections on Stanley Hauerwas' Theology of Disability: Disabling Society, Enabling Theology by John Swinton (2005) ... Hauerwas has achieved notability outside of academia as a public intellectual, even appearing on The Oprah Winfrey Show.[12][18 ...
... intellectual, or psychiatric disabilities. ... Polit D. F.; Falbo T. (1988). "The intellectual achievement of ... model in which the lack of siblings experienced by first borns exposes them to the more intellectual adult family environment. ...
X-linked intellectual disability *Lujan-Fryns syndrome. মানসিক বিকাশ. (উন্নয়নমূলক অক্ষমতা). *Pervasive ...
Wang CC, Ortiz-González XR, Yum SW, Gill SM, et al «βIV Spectrinopathies Cause Profound Intellectual Disability, Congenital ... acompanyades d'hipotonia flàccida i alteracions intel·lectuals greus.[44] La funció de l'axolemma és mantenir el potencial de ...
No Respect: Intellectuals & Popular Culture. New York: Routledge, 1989. ix, 269 pages. ISBN 0-415-90037-9 (pbk.). ... The high culture of the West originated in the classical-world traditions of intellectual and aesthetic life in Ancient Greece ... From the idea of the "free" man with sufficient leisure to pursue such intellectual and aesthetic refinement, arose the ... During the Renaissance, the classical intellectual values of the fully rediscovered Græco-Roman culture were the cultural ...
Mysticism is often regarded as something anti-intellectual, obscure and confused, or impractical and unconnected with ... all experience is mediated by intellectual and cognitive activity.[40][41] The specific teachings and practices of a specific ... Christian mysticism aspires to apprehend spiritual truths inaccessible through intellectual means, typically by emulation of ...
Ingelesez) «How the Paralympics checks intellectual disability» BBC News 2012-08-29 (Noiz kontsultatua: 2020-11-26). ...
... manifestations of neurotoxin exposure can include widespread central nervous system damage such as intellectual disability,[5] ...
X-linked intellectual disability *Lujan-Fryns syndrome. মানসিক বিকাশ. (উন্নয়নমূলক অক্ষমতা). *Pervasive ... "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015 ...
... children with emotional or behavioral disorders versus intellectual disability versus psychiatric disorders) is a factor in the ... Disability rights organizations, such as the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, oppose placement in RTC programs, calling ...
... with regard to the persons with intellectual disabilities". European Union. 17 June 2009. Archived from the original on 9 మే ... "Conference on the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Croatia, ...
... and concluded that superior memory was not driven by exceptional intellectual ability or differences in brain structure.[29] ... "transcends the disability memoir genre". ...
Toole was often classified as having a mild intellectual disability, with an intelligence quotient (IQ) of 75.[1] He also had ...
Special care (mild intellectual or physical disability). *Some disorders involving its spasticity due to its muscle relaxant ...
Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, 5(3):267-281.. *Ibanez, A., Huepe, D., Gempp, R., Gutiérrez, V., Rivera-Rei, A., and ... Research in Developmental Disabilities, 16(5):393- 414.. *Rojahn, J., Rabold, D. E., and Schneider, F. (1995b). Emotion ... 2001). Emotion Recognition in Adults with Mild-Moderate Learning Disabilities An Exploratory Study. ...
Intellectual propertyEdit. An employer can assign all work products and intellectual property created by an employee during ... Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990Edit. Wrongful termination lawsuits can also arise from violating the Americans with ... which protects both individuals who can perform the essential functions of their job despite their disability and those who ...
If the child does also experience comorbidities such as intellectual or other developmental disability; motor coordination is ... Journal of Learning Disabilities. 42 (4): 372-82. doi:10.1177/0022219409335214. hdl:1893/863. PMID 19380495. S2CID 8291472.. ... Journal of Learning Disabilities. 41 (3): 251-62. CiteSeerX doi:10.1177/0022219408315815. PMID 18434291. S2CID ... Research in Developmental Disabilities. 32 (3): 1046-51. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.035. PMID 21333488.. ...
In his view, "already there are more American men on disability insurance than doing production work in manufacturing. And the ... Only 13% of those people possess education that exceeds the level of intellectual computer systems present today and expected ... Summers suggested more vigorous enforcement of anti-monopoly laws; reductions in "excessive" protection for intellectual ...
Prosthetics and internal implants for people with some degree of disability.. *Official protection housing delivered by the ... 0% (fruits and vegetables, tourism services for foreign citizens, intellectual property, diamonds, flights and apartments ...
the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008[36]. Development and finance[edit]. Main articles: International ... Spain, whose global empire spurred a golden age of economic and intellectual development in the 16th and 17th centuries, ... "Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities". United Nations. 30 March 2007. Archived from the original on 2 December ... The negotiations are focused on the following: Trade in goods and services, investment, intellectual property, dispute ...
"International Day of Persons with Disabilities". UN.. *^ "International Volunteer Day for Economic and Social Development". UN. ... 26 April: Hari Kekayaan Intelektual Sedunia (World Intellectual Property Day). *27 April: Hari Desain Grafis Sedunia ...
Benefits may include health insurance, housing, disability insurance. Employment is typically governed by employment laws, ... except for special cases such as the vesting of intellectual property patents in the United States where patent rights are ... disability income protection, retirement benefits, daycare, tuition reimbursement, sick leave, vacation (paid and non-paid), ...
Intellectual disability. *X-linked intellectual disability *Lujan-Fryns syndrome. Psychological development. (developmental ...
Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in children. ... Intellectual disability is a term used when there are limits to ... What is intellectual disability?. Intellectual disability is a term used when there are limits to a persons ability to learn ... Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in children. Children with intellectual disability might have a hard time ... What are some of the signs of intellectual disability?. Usually, the more severe the degree of intellectual disability, the ...
Intellectual disability is a condition diagnosed before age 18 that includes below-average intellectual function and a lack of ... Intellectual disability. Updated ... Intellectual disability affects about 1% to 3% of the population. There are many causes of intellectual disability, but doctors ... Intellectual disability is a condition diagnosed before age 18 that includes below-average intellectual function and a lack of ...
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ID and other neurodevelopmental disabilities are seen often in a general pediatric practice. ... Intellectual disability (ID) is a descriptive term for subaverage intelligence and impaired adaptive functioning arising in the ... encoded search term (Intellectual Disability) and Intellectual Disability What to Read Next on Medscape ... Intellectual Disability Follow-up. Updated: Nov 16, 2021 * Author: Ari S Zeldin, MD, FAAP, FAAN; Chief Editor: Stephen L Nelson ...
... people with intellectual disabilities face persistent challenges of being considered unqualified for the jobs th ... Individuals with intellectual disabilities who can perform jobs with coaching, task definition, or work team structures are ... Employment and Intellectual Disability. The Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 8, p. 299, 2004 ... Francis, Leslie P., Employment and Intellectual Disability (December 2, 2009). The Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 8, p ...
...",Measuring Intellectual Disability,/a, ... Retrieved November 29, 2022 from • ... Measuring Intellectual Disability. Published: 2009-06-24 - Updated: 2015-06-12. Author: American Journal of Pathology. Peer- ... Disabled World is an independent disability community established in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people ...
Missing children with autism but no intellectual disability can prevent intervention and affect future achievement. ... "To a large degree, the rise in autism estimates has been driven by individuals without intellectual disability," Shenouda said ... Approximately two out of three children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) do not have concurrent intellectual disability, ... While males had a higher prevalence compared with females regardless of intellectual disability status, male-to-female ratios ...
Mild intellectual disability A complete overview of Mild intellectual disability, answering frequently asked questions about ... For example, people with mild intellectual disability also often meet the criteria for ADHD. Intellectual disability affects ... rather than the result of intellectual disability.. Diagnosing intellectual disability is crucial not only to inform and ... Mild intellectual disability (previously known as mild mental retardation) refers to deficits in intellectual functions ...
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Brad Turner. 315 Deaderick Street. Nashville, TN 37243. (615) 532-6530. ...
intellectual disability. Home gets a new meaning for mentally disabled. About three dozen residential care facilities for ... people with mental illness or intellectual disabilities have closed since 2006 as federal health care programs steer money away ...
... long-term services to help individuals with developmental disabilities. ... American Association on Intellectual & Developmental Disabilities. Association of Self-Advocates of North Carolina. Traumatic ... North Carolina Council on Developmental Disabilities. North Carolina Office on Disability & Health ... Developmental disabilities can be caused by a mental impairment, a physical impairment or combination of both mental and ...
COVID-19 infection and outcomes in a population-based cohort of 17 203 adults with intellectual disabilities compared with the ... Request for euthanasia by a psychiatric patient with undetected intellectual disability. Olga Schmahl et al., BMJ Case Reports ... Labour and delivery interventions in women with intellectual and developmental disabilities: a population-based cohort study. ... Hospitalisation rates for children with intellectual disability or autism born in Western Australia 1983-1999: a population- ...
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Oregon Department of Human Services / Seniors and People with Disabilities / ... either during transportation or at the destination and are receiving services through the Office of Developmental Disabilities ...
A program at the University of North Texas is addressing the barriers that people with intellectual disabilities face when ... "Unfortunately, individuals with intellectual disabilities dont have a lot of opportunities - not only for post-secondary ... Students must be 18 or older to apply to the program, have completed high school and have a diagnosed intellectual disability. ... A program at the University of North Texas is addressing the barriers that people with intellectual disabilities face when ...
... inclusive model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities. ... The Transition and Postsecondary Programs for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (TPSID) program provides grants to ... 3) with respect to the students with intellectual disabilities participating in the model program, provides a focus on -- ... 6) partner with one or more local educational agencies to support students with intellectual disabilities participating in the ...
Intellectual disability  World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (‎World Health Organization ... Healthy ageing: adults with intellectual disabilities : womens health and related issues  World Health Organization (‎World ... Atlas: global resources for persons with intellectual disabilities: 2007  World Health Organization (‎World Health ... The WHO project on adults with psychosocial and intellectual disabilities living in institutions in the WHO European Region ...
X-linked intellectual disability, Schimke type. Disease definition A rare X-linked syndromic intellectual disability ... characterized by intellectual deficit, growth retardation with short stature, deafness and ophthalmoplegia. Choreoathetosis ...
A Maryland nonprofit aims to help those with intellectual disabilities in all aspects of life. ... Nonprofit aims to help those with intellectual disabilities in all aspects of life. Share ... A Maryland nonprofit aims to help those with intellectual disabilities in all aspects of life.At Brick Bodies, Tim Nelson is ... THE NONPROFIT PROVIDES A WIDE RANGE OF SERVICES FOR PEOPLE WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES IN MARYLAND AND PENNSYLVANIA. ...
The Icd-10 code range for Intellectual Disabilities F70-F79 is medical classification list by the World Health Organization ( ... Moderate intellectual disabilities, Severe intellectual disabilities, Profound intellectual disabilities, Other intellectual ... Intellectual Disabilities ICD-10-CM Code range F70-F79. The ICD-10 code range for Intellectual Disabilities F70-F79 is medical ... ICD-10 Code range (F70-F79), Intellectual Disabilities contains ICD-10 codes for Mild intellectual disabilities, ...
Increased heart rate functions as a signal of acute distress in non-communicating persons with intellectual disability Category ...
Intellectual Disabilities and Language Learning. July 2019. Question. What does the research say about the ability of ... Intellectual OR Cognitive OR Developmental, Disabilities, Dual language OR Second language OR Additional language OR Foreign ... individuals with intellectual disabilities to learn additional languages, and does the learning of additional languages impact ... "Children with developmental disabilities (DD) often need and sometimes opt to become bilingual. The context for bilingual ...
Intellectual Disability (ID) is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in ... Intellectual Disability. Listen Intellectual Disability (ID). Intellectual Disability (ID) is a disability characterized by ... on a broad range of topics that impact people with intellectual disabilities and the field of intellectual disabilities.. ... This disability originates before the age of 18. (Definition from the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental ...
Our service provides dietetic support to adults and older people with intellectual disabilities or learning disabilities, who ... Intellectual Disability Specialist Dieticians. We provide dietetic support to adults and older people with intellectual ... Intellectual Disability professionals from Nottinghamshire Healthcare can refer clients to the service. They would need to ... People who need to use the service need to be referred by an intellectual disability professional from Nottinghamshire ...
The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). ... The Arc promotes and protects the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supports ... Promoting and protecting the human rights of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and actively supporting ... for those with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). But we cant do it alone! We need the help of people with IDD ...
... and Special Olympics International today launched a partnership to advance the rights of children with intellectual ... disabilities to mark the 2007 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Shanghai, focusing on health care, education, recreational ... The partnership will raise public awareness of the abilities and rights of children with intellectual disabilities and aims to ... "We are thrilled to partner with UNICEF to empower children with intellectual disabilities and their families and to increase ...
Two Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Hubs have been established to help people with intellectual or ... Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Outreach Service for adults * Mental Health Intellectual Disability Hub at ... Mental Health Intellectual Disability Hub - adults. The Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Outreach Service helps ... Launch of the Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Hubs About the Hubs. Two Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental ...
New parents who find out theyre going to have a child with intellectual challenges are faced with many questions... ... New parents who find out theyre going to have a child with intellectual challenges are faced with many questions: Will she be ...
... intellectual disability (n = 1,472 probands) was performed. This re-analysis included variant calling of mitochondrial DNA ( ... in a 23-year-old male with severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, episodic headaches with emesis, spastic tetraparesis, ... The genetic etiology of intellectual disability remains elusive in almost half of all affected individuals. Within the Solve-RD ... A MT-TL1 variant identified by whole exome sequencing in an individual with intellectual disability, epilepsy, and spastic ...
  • Pixel organized and coordinated the second transnational meeting of the European project entitled IHES - Inclusive Higher Education Systems for students with intellectual disabilities which took place on 5 - 6 October 2022 at Universal Learning Systems based in Dublin (Ireland). (
  • The 2022 Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability Facilities Market Research Report is one of the most comprehensive and in-depth assessments of the industry in the United States with over 100+ data sets covering 2013-2026. (
  • Purchase the 2022 Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability Facilities Market Research Report now to unlock the insight from one of the most trusted research firms. (
  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016, (RPwD) and the Mental Healthcare Act, 2017, elucidate what constitutes free and informed consent as well as how to assess capacity. (
  • As we celebrate the contributions of American workers with disabilities to the economy, we encourage everyone to register for the 2016 TASH Conference in order to access a wealth of information to help us close the gap of unemployed persons with disabilities. (
  • In 2021, only 19.1% of people with a disability were employed nationwide, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, and the majority of jobs still require some form of college degree. (
  • Mental health and substance use among adults with disabilities during the COVID-19 pandemic - United States, February-March 2021. (
  • Approximately two out of three children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) do not have concurrent intellectual disability, according to a population study of ASD trends. (
  • Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered why a specific genetic mutation causes intellectual disability and autism spectrum disorder in children. (
  • In 2015–2017, 1 in 6 children aged 3–17 years had a developmental disability (DD) such as cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or intellectual disability (ID). (
  • Individuals with intellectual disabilities who can perform jobs with coaching, task definition, or work team structures are thus unfairly disadvantaged by this portrait of work. (
  • Unfortunately, individuals with intellectual disabilities don't have a lot of opportunities - not only for post-secondary education, but also for employment in the state of Texas," said Brenda Barrio, an associate professor of special education at UNT and the ELEVAR faculty lead. (
  • Our story has really changed people's perspectives about individuals with intellectual disabilities. (
  • What does the research say about the ability of individuals with intellectual disabilities to learn additional languages, and does the learning of additional languages impact native language? (
  • The Department is dedicated to creating, in partnership with others, innovative and genuine opportunities for individuals with intellectual disabilities to participate fully and meaningfully in, and contribute to, their communities as valued members. (
  • A 2018 American Community Survey from the U.S. Census Bureau estimated 37% of Coloradans with cognitive disabilities were employed. (
  • Students with cognitive disabilities deserve the same quality education as their peers. (
  • DYS(*) and stuttering are cognitive disabilities that do not impair intelligence. (
  • Individuals are eligible for community or Employment/Day Support Activity (DSA) transportation if they need daily living care supports either during transportation or at the destination and are receiving services through the Office of Developmental Disabilities Services (ODDS). (
  • Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55(3), 351-356. (
  • Details for: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. (
  • Fragile X syndrome is the most common form of inherited intellectual impairment. (
  • Intellectual functioning remains the best predictor of functional outcomes in kids with ASD, and missing those with no cognitive impairment (ASD-N) can prevent intervention and affect future achievement. (
  • Developmental disabilities can be caused by a mental impairment, a physical impairment or combination of both mental and physical. (
  • There are many degrees of intellectual impairment ranging from an inability to function without assistance, to the ability to function independently, without assistance. (
  • She has profound intellectual impairment and is thought to have the mental capacity of an 18-month-old child. (
  • The Arc's Talk About Sexual Violence project, in partnership with the Board Resource Center, has developed new materials to help health care professionals, people with disabilities, and their families and supporters to tackle this problem head-on. (
  • We are thrilled to partner with UNICEF to empower children with intellectual disabilities and their families and to increase public awareness about critical issues facing this population in the developing world. (
  • People with disabilities and families are equipped to recognize health concerns and preventative care needs and access care in an array of settings using the Health Risk Screening Tool. (
  • A network of interdisciplinary centers advancing policy and practice for and with individuals with developmental and other disabilities, their families, and communities. (
  • The Royal Commission also heard that there is a need for independent advocacy services for people with a cognitive disability, and their families, to support them to navigate the health system. (
  • Throughout the Hearing into health , the Commission will hear evidence from medical professionals and people with disability, their families and supporters. (
  • 981 ] Parents with disabilities must have similar supports available to them and their families. (
  • Supporting parents with disabilities and their families in the community is not only the right thing to do, it is legally mandated. (
  • 984 ] Accordingly, all supports for parents with disabilities and their families must be community-based. (
  • This chapter explores various supports that must be available to parents with disabilities and their families. (
  • PAS have the potential to be of great help to parents with disabilities and their families. (
  • Participants (n=49) included people with intellectual disability, their carers or families, advocates and mental health staff. (
  • Community Paramedics is a pilot project funded in part through the Florida Developmental Disabilities Council and the federal Administration for Community Living to help Floridians with I/DD and their families access healthcare through free home visits. (
  • They have told their stories in the hope of being able to influence development and contribute to more efficient programmes in their country that will improve living conditions of persons with disabilities and their families. (
  • While males had a higher prevalence compared with females regardless of intellectual disability status, male-to-female ratios were slightly lower among ASD-I compared with ASD-N cases. (
  • Prevalence studies in various geographic and demographic areas have shown that approximately 0.5-1.5 percent of the population meet criteria for mild intellectual disability. (
  • Studies show major variation in the prevalence of mild intellectual disability, depending on which definition has been used and the demographic and socioeconomic factors of the studied area. (
  • Prevalence of parents with intellectual disabilities in Australia. (
  • The purpose of the study was to identify prevalence and demographic data on parents with ID in Australia compared with parents with other disabilities and the population of parents without disability. (
  • Adults with disabilities experience higher levels of mental health conditions and substance use than do adults without disabilities. (
  • Among adults with a diagnosis of mental health or substance use conditions, adults with disabilities more frequently (43% versus 35%) reported pandemic-related difficulty accessing related care and medications. (
  • During public health emergencies, including the COVID-19 pandemic, enhanced mental health and substance use screening among adults with disabilities and improved access to related health care services are critical. (
  • Thanks to my sister (another guardian), we quickly re-located him to another, privately-run group home for adults with disabilities. (
  • As with other neurodevelopmental disorders, medical causes of intellectual disability can usually be traced to the prenatal period. (
  • The introduction of whole exome sequencing (WES) in clinical settings has massively augmented diagnostic yield for intellectual disability (ID) and other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD), and additionally identified many new disease-gene associations. (
  • Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability - like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections - happen before birth. (
  • There are many causes of intellectual disability, but doctors find a specific reason in only 25% of cases. (
  • Cergy, March 21, 2019 - From 11 March 2019 to the end of April, SPIE France, a subsidiary of the SPIE group, the independent European leader in multi-technical services in the areas of energy and communications, is organising the sixth edition of the "Disability Awareness Month", which will focus on communication disorders and the difficulties they cause. (
  • The Arc is the premier provider of supports and services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and has a demonstrable record of success in achieving the outcomes people want for their lives. (
  • Royal Commission Chair, Ronald Sackville AO QC, said that the Commissioners heard harrowing evidence of people with disability being ignored or disregarded by the health system, with some doctors making unfounded assumptions leading to 'diagnostic overshadowing', and poor health outcomes. (
  • It will investigate why people with intellectual disabilities are twice as likely to suffer preventable deaths, with communication barriers blamed for poor health outcomes. (
  • It contains tips to improve health outcomes for people with intellectual disability. (
  • Information access, including the provision of easy read documents, is one strategy recommended to address the widely recognised inequality in mental health outcomes and service access for people with intellectual disability. (
  • In advancing intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) research for more than 29 years, the Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Research Center (IDDRC) wholeheartedly embraces today's novel concepts and technologies to discover the causes of IDD and uses this knowledge to improve outcomes for affected people. (
  • Lindsay, [ 985 ] a mother with physical disabilities and a traumatic brain injury, affirms the significance of services: "Given my lack of trust in 'the system' and sparse community support resources, I cannot be both a full-time parent and a good parent. (
  • We are a community-based organization dedicated to enriching the lives of children and adults with intellectual, developmental and physical disabilities. (
  • Drs. Ryerson, Cogswell, and Peacock critically reviewed the manuscript for important intellectual content and revised the manuscript. (
  • The NSW Council for Intellectual Disability (CID) knows people with intellectual disability do not have equal access when it comes to health. (
  • This website was designed by Council for Intellectual Disability. (
  • The Sydney Children's Hospital Network Mental Health and Intellectual Disability Hub is a statewide service for children and teens under age 18 with intellectual or autism spectrum disorders, or both, who also have mental health issues. (
  • Psychiatric disorders in persons with intellectual disabilities are typically more severe and more difficult to diagnose than in the general population. (
  • Psychiatry is an interesting academic discipline, whether you are interested in the biological basis of mental health problems (e.g. dementia in people with Down's syndrome, behavioural phenotypes of genetic disorders), or the development of innovative service models or forensic aspects of intellectual disability. (
  • Courtney Hardy is a Special Education Program Supervisor that supports the Intellectual Disabilities, Autism, Emotional Behavioral Disorders, and Transition programs. (
  • Among both younger and older applicants, individuals diagnosed with intellectual disability or other mental disorders are potential targets for early intervention programs because those groups wait the longest to apply and are the most likely to continue working in the interim. (
  • The researchers searched for the best systematic reviews of clinical studies which reported mortality risk for a whole range of diagnoses - mental health problems, drug and alcohol abuse, dementia, autistic spectrum disorders, learning disability and childhood behavioural disorders. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Genetic studies in children with intellectual disability and autistic spectrum of disorders. (
  • Balasubramanian Bhanumathi, Bhatt Chetna V, Goyel Neelam A. Genetic studies in children with intellectual disability and autistic spectrum of disorders. (
  • The ELEVAR program is one of 15 inclusive secondary programs in Texas, according to the Think College directory of postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities. (
  • The Model Comprehensive Transition and Postsecondary Programs for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (TPSID) provides grants to institutions of higher education or consortia of institutions of higher education to enable them to create or expand high quality, inclusive model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities. (
  • The purpose of the five-year cooperative agreement is to establish a coordinating center for institutions of higher education that offer inclusive comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities, including institutions funded under the Transition Programs for Students with Intellectual Disabilities (TPSID) Program. (
  • The coordinating center will provide technical assistance to IHEs that offer comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities, and will work with these programs to evaluate program components and recommend standards for such programs. (
  • The only directory of its kind, Think College Search features information on 311 postsecondary education programs for students with intellectual disability. (
  • Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in children. (
  • Children with intellectual disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, and taking care of themselves. (
  • Intellectual disability could cause a child to learn and develop more slowly than other children of the same age. (
  • For many children, the cause of their intellectual disability is not known. (
  • That led to the question of why, and we saw that in areas with high estimates, we are identifying more children with autism without intellectual disability," she said. (
  • We wanted to know if the increase over time was equally distributed among children with autism with and without intellectual disability. (
  • However, there are many children with mild intellectual disability for whom we cannot define the exact medical cause. (
  • The underlying medical cause is much more frequently identified for children with more severe forms of intellectual disability. (
  • One study was able to identify such a genetic abnormality as the underlying cause in 21% of children with mild intellectual disability. (
  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and Special Olympics International today launched a partnership to advance the rights of children with intellectual disabilities to mark the 2007 Special Olympics World Summer Games in Shanghai, focusing on health care, education, recreational sports and employment policies. (
  • This new partnership will help make the point that children with disabilities have the same rights as all other children. (
  • The partnership will raise public awareness of the abilities and rights of children with intellectual disabilities and aims to change perceptions and challenge negative attitudes. (
  • In some of these countries, the two organizations will enhance joint activities that already promote the inclusion of children and youth with intellectual disabilities, in addition to increasing youth activation and early intervention efforts. (
  • This collaborative effort is in keeping with the goals of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to counter stigma and promote inclusion for children with intellectual disabilities in developing countries around the globe," Special Olympics International Chairman Timothy P. Shriver said. (
  • Appropriate supports are crucial to the lives of many parents with disabilities and their children. (
  • Objective: An enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) outbreak at an institute with multiple facilities for children and adults with intellectual disabilities was investigated to characterize the cases and identify risk factors for infection. (
  • Until the withdrawal of the reservation a disabled person whose disability results from a mental illness or mental disability and who is of marriageable age, can not get married without the court's approval based on the statement that the health or mental condition of that person does not jeopardize the marriage, nor the health of prospective children and on condition that such a person has not been fully incapacitated. (
  • In the United States, about 1 in 6 children have a developmental disability . (
  • My area of specialization is children with intellectual, developmental, and emotional/behavioral disabilities. (
  • SOTX provides continuing opportunities for more than 44,000 children and adults with intellectual disabilities throughout the Lone Star State to realize their potential, develop physical fitness, demonstrate courage and experience joy and friendship. (
  • She did not learn to talk and was diagnosed with profound intellectual disability. (
  • Signs of intellectual disability can range from mild to severe. (
  • A complete overview of Mild intellectual disability, answering frequently asked questions about this diagnosis, provided by Elisabeth Fernell and Ida Lindblad. (
  • Mild intellectual disability (previously known as mild mental retardation) refers to deficits in intellectual functions pertaining to abstract/theoretical thinking. (
  • Mild intellectual disability occurs in approximately 1.5 percent of the population. (
  • For example, people with mild intellectual disability also often meet the criteria for ADHD. (
  • Various genetic/chromosomal syndromes can cause mild intellectual disability, for example DiGeorge syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome (boys with XXY chromosomes). (
  • Definition of intellectual disability. (
  • In 2004, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals, the state's highest criminal court, created its own definition of intellectual disability, in a case called Ex Parte Jose Garcia Briseno. (
  • Disabled World is an independent disability community established in 2004 to provide disability news and information to people with disabilities, seniors, their family and/or carers. (
  • The Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers, 2009, was identified as the most suitable survey, and design-weighted analysis was performed. (
  • Ernest Johnson has an intellectual disability and has been diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. (
  • If you have been diagnosed with a developmental disability, you can benefit from comprehensive, long-term services and live a more independent life. (
  • I clean up the equipment, and also, I clean up the lockers," Nelson said.Tim is a client of Penn-Mar Human Services, a nonprofit organization that provides a wide range of services for people with intellectual disabilities in Maryland and Pennsylvania -- everything from help with housing to, in Tim's case, employment. (
  • Tim is a client of Penn-Mar Human Services, a nonprofit organization that provides a wide range of services for people with intellectual disabilities in Maryland and Pennsylvania -- everything from help with housing to, in Tim's case, employment. (
  • The mission of PCPID is to provide advice and assistance to the President of the United States and the Secretary of Health and Human Services on a broad range of topics that impact people with intellectual disabilities and the field of intellectual disabilities. (
  • Priority for services will be given to consumers who do not have access to a Specialist Intellectual Disability Health Team or other specialist Intellectual Disability Mental Health Services. (
  • In specialist services for people with intellectual disability, communicating needs can be much more complex and may rely on subtle behavioural and nonverbal cues. (
  • Explore programs and services, articles, and other resources related to Intellectual Disability & Developmental Disability. (
  • Services for persons with intellectual disability (ID). (
  • The Residential Intellectual and Developmental Disability Facilities industry includes companies (e.g. group homes, hospitals, intermediate care facilities) primarily engaged in providing residential care services for persons diagnosed with mental retardation. (
  • Yet a closer examination of disability services reveals a legacy of invisible labor by persons with intellectual disabilities that challenges notions of idleness and questions the sometimes-exploitive nature of disability services for persons with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Although not formally classified as labor, contributions that take place within rehabilitation and training programs offered through many disability service frameworks, illustrate a capacity to work and contribute, as well as the necessity of this labor to the administration of some disability supports and services. (
  • What I argue here is that a brief look at the everyday experience of many within rehabilitation and training programs, both inside and outside of the institution's walls, reveals the embedded nature of this labor as a central and necessary function within the delivery of many services and supports for adults with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Although deinstitutionalization has largely shifted the delivery of many disability services into the community, historically the institution served as an important site of unpaid labor for persons with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Personal assistance services (PAS) are a crucial support for more than 13.2 million people with disabilities. (
  • Personal care services (also known in States by other names such as personal attendant services, personal assistance services, or attendant care services, etc.) covered under a state's program may include a range of human assistance provided to persons with disabilities and chronic conditions of all ages which enable them to accomplish tasks that they would normally do for themselves if they did not have a disability. (
  • Our licensed and trained medication management teams provide the following services to communities serving residents with intellectual and developmental disabilities . (
  • For instance, the Demonstration to Maintain Independence and Employment, which provided wrap-around services to disabled workers, significantly reduced federal disability-benefit awards among participants in some demonstration states (Whalen and others 2012). (
  • A microboard is a person-centered, non-profit entity formed by a small group of committed friends and family members who volunteer to help plan, develop and maintain the ongoing services necessary to support one person with a disability. (
  • People First members are people with disabilities, many of whom use waiver services including NOW/COMP, ICWP, SOURCE, and CCSP that support them to live in and participate in their communities. (
  • Intellectual disability affects adaptive functioning, i.e. the skills needed to navigate everyday life, which calls for tailored support. (
  • Intellectual Disability (ID) is a disability characterized by significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior as expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills. (
  • Intellectual disability (ID) is the term used to define a developmental disorder characterized by both intellectual and adaptive functioning deficits. (
  • Impaired intellectual (iq below 70) and adaptive functioning manifested during the developmental period. (
  • A rare X-linked syndromic intellectual disability characterized by intellectual deficit, growth retardation with short stature, deafness and ophthalmoplegia. (
  • Within the Solve-RD consortium, systematic re-analysis of whole exome sequencing (WES) data from unresolved cases with (syndromic) intellectual disability ( n = 1,472 probands) was performed. (
  • C), at a heteroplasmy level of 22% in whole blood, in a 23-year-old male with severe intellectual disability, epilepsy, episodic headaches with emesis, spastic tetraparesis, brain abnormalities, and feeding difficulties. (
  • You'll be required to adopt a holistic approach as patients with intellectual disability often have physical conditions such as cerebral palsy or epilepsy. (
  • abstract = "Background: Access to information is a right articulated in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability that remains unrealised for many people with intellectual disability. (
  • Project SEARCH is a business-led, high school-to-work transition program, serving students with significant intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD). (
  • The TASH Editorial Search Committee is beginning the search for the new Editor of Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities (RPSD). (
  • The purpose of this article is to increase awareness of the varied and atypical presentations of patients with intellectual disabilities and comorbid psychiatric illnesses. (
  • Developmental disabilities are a diverse group of severe chronic conditions that are due to mental and/or physical impairments. (
  • education, training and support for mental health clinicians and disability workers providing care to people with intellectual disability. (
  • DIDD is excited to work with colleges and universities across Tennessee as a way to expand opportunities for young people with disabilities. (
  • JAN provides free, confidential technical assistance about job accommodations and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). (
  • Conscious sedation has become established as an important alternative to general anesthesia (GA) in dental treatment of patients with intellectual disability (ID). (
  • ELEVAR brings rare level of education to students with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Launched last year, the program is a four-year, fully inclusive, post-secondary education program for students with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Students must be 18 or older to apply to the program, have completed high school and have a diagnosed intellectual disability. (
  • The cooperative agreement is authorized to operate the coordinating center under Sec 777(b) of the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, as amended (HEA) - Part D - Programs to Provide Students with Disabilities with a Quality Higher Education. (
  • 8) create and offers a meaningful credential for students with intellectual disabilities upon the completion of the model program. (
  • Review of comparison studies investigating bilingualism and bilingual instruction for students with disabilities. (
  • The purpose of this article is to provide a narrative review of comparison studies regarding the impacts of bilingualism and interventions including the home and second language for students with disabilities. (
  • Although research is limited, preliminary findings from existing studies illustrate that bilingualism does not negatively impact language or academic abilities for students with disabilities. (
  • and how professionals in the disability world can educate students, teachers, and parents so they don't unintentionally create victims and offenders. (
  • Stacey has experience in supporting students with disabilities at the school and district level. (
  • The aim of the IHES project is to place people with intellectual disabilities in universities, as students, as future users of professionals trained in universities and as citizens who count on universities as generators of knowledge focused on improving their lives in more egalitarian and fair societies. (
  • This includes a group of students with intellectual and developmental disabilities at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley. (
  • Five years ago, the University of Northern Colorado launched an inclusive education program that prepares students with intellectual and developmental disabilities for careers and independent living while giving them a full college experience. (
  • The architects of the program hope to continue growing it and reach more students with disabilities, even as financial hurdles loom ahead. (
  • In an inclusive classroom, students with intellectual disabilities are not required to meet the grade-level standards. (
  • The state of Wisconsin has created a set of alternate achievement standards for students with intellectual disabilities that are aligned with the achievement standards for the Common Core curriculum. (
  • The purpose of these grants is to increase the number of inclusive higher education programs that serve students with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Tennessee. (
  • These grants are intended to support the strategic planning and partnerships that will lead to the inclusion of students with intellectual and developmental disabilities in classrooms and campus life. (
  • Therefore, the issue pertaining to students with learning disabilities was thrown out in relation to this particular case. (
  • These programs change lives by making college accessible for students with intellectual and developmental disabilities. (
  • I am interested in the "emotional epistemology" (Beatty, 2002) and attitudes of general and special education teachers, administrators and students toward disability - specifically the benefits of inclusion. (
  • The most commonly asked questions about college options for students with intellectual disability and how to use this directory. (
  • All programs listed here must be affiliated with an accredited college or university and serve students with intellectual disabilities. (
  • Two Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Hubs have been established to help people with intellectual or developmental disability access appropriate mental health care. (
  • The NSW Mental Health Commission reports that approximately 125,000 people in NSW live with intellectual disability and up to 40 per cent of this population will experience a mental health condition within their lifespan. (
  • The Statewide Intellectual Disability Mental Health Outreach Service helps adults with intellectual or developmental disability access appropriate mental health care. (
  • 2018 Roundtable on the Mental Health of People with an Intellectual Disability. (
  • People with intellectual disability (sometimes called learning disability) are more likely to have mental health problems so you'll provide patient-centric care to improve their quality of life. (
  • The report sets out by recalling the international and European standards favouring the full participation of persons with intellectual disabilities and persons with mental health problems in the electoral process. (
  • Some EU Member States should therefore adapt their laws so that persons with mental health problems and persons with intellectual disabilities who wish to vote can do so. (
  • There was evidence that people with intellectual disabilities (ID) were at elevated risk for secondary health conditions, health promotion interventions can improve physical and mental health conditions, and employment is associated with better health-related quality of life. (
  • This research explores how easy read information about mental health is used to make mental health information more accessible for people with intellectual disability. (
  • Findings: Mental health policy rarely incorporated communication strategies for staff to use when working with people with intellectual disability, despite agency commitment to the principle of accessible information. (
  • Most mental health staff did not use accessible information and did not consistently offer people with intellectual disability opportunities to understand, appraise and apply mental health information. (
  • Implications/Significance: People with intellectual disability did not routinely have access to mental health information, confirming that agencies are not meeting their obligations to provide accessible information. (
  • The meeting aimed to advance a research agenda that influences policy and practice for and with people who have intellectual and developmental disabilities (I/DD). (
  • Opportunity Village is a wonderful organization that provides opportunities for people who have intellectual disabilities. (
  • For instance, Costa (2017) matches administrative records on earnings and disability claims from SSA 's Disability Research File to show how long DI applicants experience an earnings decline before filing. (
  • People with intellectual disability are often helped with behavioral counseling. (
  • The Adult IDD Behavioral Health Clinic at the Munroe-Meyer Institute serves transition-aged adolescents (16-22) as well as adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities. (
  • Who benefits from the Adult Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities Behavioral Health Clinic? (
  • An individual can be referred to the Adult Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities (AIDD) Behavioral Health Clinic at the UNMC Munroe-Meyer Institute by a physician or other health care professional, school district, social service agency or family member. (
  • Stacey Ford is a Special Education Program Supervisor that supports the Intellectual Disabilities, Autism, Emotional Behavioral Disorder, and Transition programs. (
  • Phyllis Joyner is a Special Education Program Supervisor that supports the Intellectual Disabilities, Autism, Emotional, Behavioral Disorder, and Transition Programs. (
  • Emotional support for parents or caregivers of individuals with a disability. (
  • The reproductive rights of women with intellectual disability (WID) are a matter of concern for all stakeholders, including the woman herself, caregivers , guardians and her treating physicians . (
  • The study found that stereotypes of child-like sexual experimentation by such offenders with a victim of similar mental age or impulsive, uncontrolled sexual behavior were too simplistic for intellectual disabled sexual offenders. (
  • Because this characteristic is apparently common to all sex offenders, whether it is more dominant in sex offenders with intellectual disabilities requires further comparative research. (
  • Only one variable apparently clearly distinguished sex offenders with intellectual disabilities from their nondisabled counterparts. (
  • The study interviewed nine male sex offenders with intellectual disabilities about their experiences in the course of committing their offenses. (
  • Because offenders with intellectual disabilities are less blameworthy, the Court said, imposing the death penalty contributes neither to deterrence of capital crimes nor to retribution for them, and so it causes "purposeless and needless" pain and is cruel and unusual punishment . (
  • They continued, "Instead of relying on the same approach to intellectual disability that Texas uses in every other context (such as placement in special education or eligibility for disability benefits), the court sought to redefine the condition in the capital context so that only offenders who meet crude stereotypes about intellectual disability are shielded from execution. (