Caffeine: A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Central Nervous System Stimulants: A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.Theobromine: 3,7-Dimethylxanthine. The principle alkaloid in Theobroma cacao (the cacao bean) and other plants. A xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator. It has a weaker diuretic activity than THEOPHYLLINE and is also a less powerful stimulant of smooth muscle. It has practically no stimulant effect on the central nervous system. It was formerly used as a diuretic and in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, pp1318-9)Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Ryanodine: A methylpyrrole-carboxylate from RYANIA that disrupts the RYANODINE RECEPTOR CALCIUM RELEASE CHANNEL to modify CALCIUM release from SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM resulting in alteration of MUSCLE CONTRACTION. It was previously used in INSECTICIDES. It is used experimentally in conjunction with THAPSIGARGIN and other inhibitors of CALCIUM ATPASE uptake of calcium into SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2: A cytochrome P450 enzyme subtype that has specificity for relatively planar heteroaromatic small molecules, such as CAFFEINE and ACETAMINOPHEN.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Procaine: A local anesthetic of the ester type that has a slow onset and a short duration of action. It is mainly used for infiltration anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, and spinal block. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1016).Fibrocystic Breast Disease: A common and benign breast disease characterized by varying degree of fibrocystic changes in the breast tissue. There are three major patterns of morphological changes, including FIBROSIS, formation of CYSTS, and proliferation of glandular tissue (adenosis). The fibrocystic breast has a dense irregular, lumpy, bumpy consistency.Breast Diseases: Pathological processes of the BREAST.Fibroadenoma: An adenoma containing fibrous tissue. It should be differentiated from ADENOFIBROMA which is a tumor composed of connective tissue (fibroma) containing glandular (adeno-) structures. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.Adenofibroma: A benign neoplasm composed of glandular and fibrous tissues, with a relatively large proportion of glands. (Stedman, 25th ed)Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Cyst Fluid: Liquid material found in epithelial-lined closed cavities or sacs.Memory, Long-Term: Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Tea: The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.Vitamin B 12: A cobalt-containing coordination compound produced by intestinal micro-organisms and found also in soil and water. Higher plants do not concentrate vitamin B 12 from the soil and so are a poor source of the substance as compared with animal tissues. INTRINSIC FACTOR is important for the assimilation of vitamin B 12.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Vitamin E: A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.Vitamin B 12 Deficiency: A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)Pyridoxine: The 4-methanol form of VITAMIN B 6 which is converted to PYRIDOXAL PHOSPHATE which is a coenzyme for synthesis of amino acids, neurotransmitters (serotonin, norepinephrine), sphingolipids, aminolevulinic acid. Although pyridoxine and Vitamin B 6 are still frequently used as synonyms, especially by medical researchers, this practice is erroneous and sometimes misleading (EE Snell; Ann NY Acad Sci, vol 585 pg 1, 1990).Postpericardiotomy Syndrome: A nonspecific hypersensitivity reaction caused by TRAUMA to the PERICARDIUM, often following PERICARDIOTOMY. It is characterized by PERICARDIAL EFFUSION; high titers of anti-heart antibodies; low-grade FEVER; LETHARGY; loss of APPETITE; or ABDOMINAL PAIN.Coronary Artery Bypass: Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Sternum: A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.Coronary Angiography: Radiography of the vascular system of the heart muscle after injection of a contrast medium.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Dextropropoxyphene: A narcotic analgesic structurally related to METHADONE. Only the dextro-isomer has an analgesic effect; the levo-isomer appears to exert an antitussive effect.Aspirin: The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has anti-inflammatory and antipyretic properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase which results in the inhibition of the biosynthesis of prostaglandins. Aspirin also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used in the prevention of arterial and venous thrombosis. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p5)Alprazolam: A triazolobenzodiazepine compound with antianxiety and sedative-hypnotic actions, that is efficacious in the treatment of PANIC DISORDERS, with or without AGORAPHOBIA, and in generalized ANXIETY DISORDERS. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p238)Lorazepam: A benzodiazepine used as an anti-anxiety agent with few side effects. It also has hypnotic, anticonvulsant, and considerable sedative properties and has been proposed as a preanesthetic agent.Analgesics, Opioid: Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.Drug Interactions: The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.Arctium: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Arctiin (LIGNANS) is in the seed.Ulmus: A plant genus of the family ULMACEAE that is susceptible to Dutch elm disease which is caused by the ASCOMYCOTA fungus, Ophiostoma.Rheum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE. Members contain chrysophanic acid, rhein, EMODIN, and other ANTHRAQUINONES. The roots were formerly used as PURGATIVES.Rumex: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that contains patientosides and other naphthalene glycosides.Wind: The motion of air relative to the earth's surface.Comparative Effectiveness Research: Conduct and synthesis of systematic research comparing interventions and strategies to prevent, diagnose, treat, and monitor health conditions. The purpose of this research is to inform patients, providers, and decision-makers, responding to their expressed needs, about which interventions are most effective for which patients under specific circumstances. (hhs.gov/recovery/programs/cer/draftdefinition.html accessed 6/12/2009)Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Fetal Growth Retardation: The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Infant, Low Birth Weight: An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
It is expressed in response to dsRNA in a dose-dependent manner. Galleria melonella responds to caffeine intake by increased ... Hemolin increases 18-fold up to 7 mg/ml following injection of bacteria in H. cecropia. Induction of Hemolin in moths after ... In the potential function as a developmental protein, Hemolin has been shown to increase close to pupation in Manduca sexta, ... "Caffeine administration alters the behaviour and development of Galleria mellonella larvae". Neurotoxicology and Teratology. ...
Essential tremor may benefit from slight doses of ethanol, but the potential negative consequences of regular ethanol intake ... Tremor can also be caused by lack of sleep, lack of vitamins, or increased stress.[2][3] Deficiencies of magnesium and thiamine ... Other causes include the use of drugs (such as amphetamines, cocaine, caffeine, corticosteroids, SSRIs) or alcohol, mercury ... In particular, it has been clinically tested that the increase of damping and/or inertia in the upper limb leads to a reduction ...
... and monitor caffeine intake (too much caffeine can cause an adverse reaction such as eye twitching, but a controlled dose can ... increase bed rest (to allow muscles to rest); decrease exposure to computer screens, televisions, or harsh lighting (to allow ... Frequent contributing factors include: too much caffeine, high levels of anxiety, fatigue, dehydration, stress, overwork, and a ... "Effect of caffeine on self-sustained firing in human motor units". The Journal of Physiology. 545 (2): 671-679. doi:10.1113/ ...
Daily oral intake of 300-1350 mg over a period of weeks has led to severe hepatotoxicity in a number of persons. Sodium usniate ... These supplements, if taken according to label instructions, can supply daily oral doses of 10-1350 mg for adults. Usnic acid ... Lipokinetix also contained norephedrine (PPA), caffeine, yohimbine and 3,5-diiodothyronine. Usnic acid has been found to have ... was one ingredient in a product called "Lipokinetix", that was claimed to induce weight loss via an increase in metabolic rate ...
... in low doses may cause weak bronchodilation for up to four hours in asthmatics. Caffeine increases basal metabolic ... A 2011 review found that increased caffeine intake was associated with a variation in two genes that increase the rate of ... Tolerance varies for daily, regular caffeine users and high caffeine users. High doses of caffeine (750 to 1200 mg/day spread ... even lower doses of caffeine (1.0-2.0 mg/kg) may improve performance [33]. Some groups found significantly improved time trial ...
... improved performance in long-term memory was shown with increased habitual caffeine intake due to better storage or retrieval.[ ... Caffeine was given before the task in varying doses, with low doses to start (11.55 mg/kg) and higher doses in the end (92.4 mg ... suggesting a dose-response relationship between caffeine intake and retention time. Ultimately, long-term memory and caffeine ... 5] A similar study assessing effects of caffeine on cognition and mood resulted in improved delayed recall with caffeine intake ...
Chocolate contains caffeine and theobromine, both mild stimulants. The effect of chocolate on body weight is unclear. A concern ... One preliminary study concluded that in males who are prone to acne, eating chocolate increases the severity of acne. Various ... While daily consumption of cocoa flavanols (minimum dose of 200 mg) appears to benefit platelet and vascular function, there is ... is that excessive consumption of chocolate may promote high calorie intake and weight gain, a risk factor for many diseases, ...
... especially by a reduced intake of caffeine and related methylxanthines or by a reduced intake of salt) and by vitamin ... No increased risk was found among women with no family history and nonproliferative findings. In the first 10 years after the ... In this trial, daily doses of iodine led to decreased in breast pain, tenderness and nodularity. It was emphasized that further ... Nipple fluid aspiration can be used to classify cyst type (and to some extent improve breast cancer risk prediction) but it is ...
Treatment consists of increased intake of magnesium from dietary sources such as nuts (especially almonds), bananas, and ... of a nondepolarizing NMB's induction dose. Even if a drug such as caffeine causes fasciculations, that does not necessarily ... but when combined with caffeine, the two factors together could be enough. Inadequate magnesium intake can cause fasciculations ... Galan P, Preziosi P, Durlach V, Valeix P, Ribas L, Bouzid D, Favier A, Hercberg S (1997). "Dietary magnesium intake in a French ...
Caffeine is the most widely consumed stimulant in North America. In small doses, caffeine can improve endurance. Recently, it ... The studies performed resulted in little or no change in performance between increased BCAA intake and placebo groups. One ... Improved reaction time • Increased muscle strength and delayed muscle fatigue • Increased acceleration • Increased alertness ... Amphetamines and caffeine are stimulants that increase alertness, improve focus, decrease reaction time, and delay fatigue, ...
... increases flow amount in the distal nephron where flow rates and velocity are low. The significant pressure increase occurring ... Neurologic cerebral salt-wasting syndrome neurologic damage migraine Other high doses of riboflavin (vitamin B2) high doses of ... Polyuria may also be due to various chemical substances, such as diuretics, caffeine, and ethanol. It may also occur after ... Persons who produce less urine even in the presence of adequate fluid intake are probably not adapting well to altitude.[ ...
... not affect the safety of single doses of caffeine up to 200 mg. Up to these levels of intake, caffeine is unlikely to mask the ... Combined use of caffeine and alcohol may increase the rate of alcohol-related injury. Energy drinks can mask the influence of ... A caffeine intake of 400 mg per day is considered as safe from the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Adverse effects ... Since caffeine and alcohol are both diuretics, combined use increases the risk of dehydration, and the mixture of a stimulant ( ...
The WHO also suggests that low impact exercise and reduction of caffeine intake to less than 330 mg/day can help to reduce the ... For pregnant women who are at an increased risk for preeclampsia, one could take a dietary supplement of low dose aspirin ... Increasing contraceptive usage and family planning also improves maternal health through reduction in numbers of higher risk ... Education would also improve employment opportunities for women which results in improving their status, contributing to family ...
Caffeine increases episodes of wakefulness, and high doses in the late evening can increase sleep onset latency. In elderly ... In fact, some people report no sleep problems despite regularly consuming caffeine. Regular intake of caffeine may be normal ... Even doses of caffeine relating to just one cup of coffee can increase sleep latency and decrease the quality of sleep ... and takes about six hours for one half of the caffeine consumed to be eliminated. When caffeine reaches the brain, it increases ...
Children and adults who consume low doses of caffeine showed increased alertness, yet a higher dose was needed to improve ... or dietary substance for use by man to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake. Further, piracetam is not a ... It also improves task saliency and performance on tedious tasks that require a high degree of effort. At above optimal doses, ... Atomoxetine - can improve working memory and aspects of attention when used at an optimal dose. Arylcyclohexylamine List of ...
Treatment consists of increased intake of magnesium from dietary sources such as nuts (especially almonds), bananas, and ... These include caffeine, pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), amphetamines, and the asthma bronchodilators salbutamol (brand names ... It is a normal side effect of the drug's administration, and can be prevented with a small dose of a nondepolarizing ... This article possibly contains original research. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. ...
These drugs include theophylline, caffeine, and acetazolamide. Additionally, increasing dietary sodium intake may also reduce ... Most side effects of lithium are dose-dependent. The lowest effective dose is used to limit the risk of side effects. ... Common side effects include increased urination, shakiness of the hands, and increased thirst.[2] Serious side effects include ... Doses are adjusted to achieve plasma concentrations of 0.4[20][21] to 1.2 mmol Li+. /l (lower end of the range for maintenance ...
Increasing the intake of fluids is dicussed. The need for additional levels of minerals are mostly likely due to lactation. ... Some clinicians discourage the use of caffeine. This could produce fussiness in the baby. Alcohol use is strongly discouraged. ... Molakatalla, Sujana; Shepherd, Emily; Grivell, Rosalie M; Molakatalla, Sujana (2017). "Aspirin (single dose) for perineal pain ... Calcium and iron needs increase postpartum. Calories may need to increase by 333 kcal/day during the first four to six weeks ...
... after continuous intake. Until then, single dose studies of memantine are not enough to reveal the drug's actual potential. ... The need to remain "alert" and "focused" can also been seen in the trend of caffeine consumption. The caffeine consumption for ... In one study, DBS improved movement by 39%, reduced disability by 38%, and improved quality of life by 30% for patients ... Students primarily attribute consumption of these drugs for increased concentration, improved alertness, or to "get high". ...
ΔFosB levels have been found to increase upon the use of cocaine. Each subsequent dose of cocaine continues to increase ΔFosB ... Chronic cocaine intake causes strong imbalances of transmitter levels in order to compensate extremes. Thus, receptors ... Additionally, stimulants like cocaine, methamphetamine, and even caffeine cause dehydration and dry mouth. Since saliva is an ... This increase in blood clot formation is attributed to cocaine-associated increases in the activity of plasminogen activator ...
The authors of one review recommended that patients being treated with ciprofloxacin reduce their caffeine intake. Evidence for ... The relative risk increased to 3.2 in those over 60 years of age and to 6.2 in those over the age of 60 who were also taking ... It is available as a generic medication and not very expensive.[2][10] Wholesale it costs between 0.03 and 0.13 USD a dose.[11] ... The black box warning on the U.S. FDA-approved ciprofloxacin label warns of an increased risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture ...
... intake of grapefruit juice reduces the efficacy and bioavailability of acetaminophen/paracetamol in comparison to a single dose ... Grapefruit increases the available amount of the drug in the blood stream, leading to an unpredictable increase in ... caffeine Drugs that interact with grapefruit compounds at CYP2D6 include: dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) levoamphetamine ( ... causing increased estrogen retention and increased drug retention. Etoposide interferes with grapefruit, orange, and apple ...
... this produces immediate and severe negative reaction to alcohol intake. About 5 to 10 minutes after alcohol intake, the patient ... Methods to improve compliance include subdermal implants, which release the drug continuously over a period of up to 12 weeks, ... Loi, Cho-Ming; Day, John D; Jue, Sandra G; Bush, Ernie D; Costello, Patrick; Dewey, Larry V; Vestal, Robert E (1989). "Dose- ... Disulfiram disrupts metabolism of several other compounds, including paracetamol (acetaminophen), theophylline and caffeine. ...
At the highest expected human doses of consumption of aspartame, there are no increased blood levels of methanol or formic acid ... At the 90th percentile of intake, aspartame provides only between 1% and 2% of the daily intake of aspartic acid. There has ... caffeine withdrawal, and alcoholic drinks, especially red wine and beer," other reviews have noted conflicting studies about ... "Life-span exposure to low doses of aspartame beginning during prenatal life increases cancer effects in rats". Environ Health ...
"One ounce of milk chocolate per pound of body weight is a potentially lethal dose in dogs." In case of accidental intake of ... Increased sympathetic tone leads to increased peripheral vascular resistance and increased heart rate and contractility of the ... together with caffeine and theophylline, belongs to the group of methylxanthine alkaloids. Dogs are unable to metabolize ... Mitral insufficiency leads to turbulent blood flow and increased pressure in the left atrium. This causes increased pressure in ...
Positive effects of caffeine on long-term memory have been shown in a study analyzing habitual caffeine intake of coffee or tea in addition to consuming other substances. Their effect on cognitive processes was observed by performing numerous cognitive tasks. Words were presented and delayed recall was measured. Increased delayed recall was demonstrated by individuals with moderate to high habitual caffeine intake (mean 710 mg/week) as more words were successfully recalled compared to those with low habitual caffeine intake (mean 178 mg/week).[5] Therefore, improved performance in long-term memory was shown with increased habitual caffeine intake due to better storage or retrieval.[5] A ...
Caffeine is a commonplace central nervous system stimulant drug which occurs in nature as part of the coffee, tea, yerba mate and other plants. It is also an additive in many consumer products, most notably beverages advertised as energy drinks. Caffeine is also added to sodas such as Coca-Cola and Pepsi, where, on the ingredients listing, it is designated as a flavoring agent, due to pure caffeine powder having a bitter flavour. Caffeine's mechanism of action is somewhat different from that of cocaine and the substituted amphetamines; caffeine blocks adenosine receptors A and A2A. Adenosine is a by-product of cellular activity, and stimulation of adenosine receptors produces feelings of tiredness and the need to sleep. ...
Caffeine-induced increases in performance have been observed in aerobic as well as anaerobic sports (for reviews, see [26,30,31]). Trained athletes seem to benefit from a moderate dose of 5 mg/kg [32], however, even lower doses of caffeine (1.0-2.0 mg/kg) may improve performance [33]. Some groups found significantly improved time trial performance [34] or maximal cycling power [35], most likely related to a greater reliance on fat metabolism and decreased neuromuscular fatigue, respectively. Theophylline, a metabolite of caffeine, seems to be even more effective in doing so [36]. The effect of caffeine on fat oxidation, however, may only be significant during lower exercise intensities and may be blocked at higher intensities [37]. ... For both ...
Mean theobromine and caffeine levels respectively, were 0.695 mg/g and 0.071 mg/g in cocoa cereals; 1.47 mg/g and 0.152 mg/g in chocolate bakery products; 1.95 mg/g and 0.138 mg/g in chocolate toppings; 2.66 mg/g and 0.208 mg/g in cocoa beverages; 0.621 mg/g and 0.032 mg/g in chocolate ice creams; 0.226 mg/g and 0.011 mg/g in chocolate milks; 74.8 mg/serving and 6.5 mg/serving in chocolate puddings.... Theobromine and caffeine levels in carob products ranged from 0-0.504 mg/g and 0-0.067 mg/g, respectively ...
Animals that metabolize theobromine (found in chocolate) more slowly, such as dogs,[26] can succumb to theobromine poisoning from as little as 50 grams (1.8 oz) of milk chocolate for a smaller dog and 400 grams (14 oz), or around nine 44-gram (1.55 oz) small milk chocolate bars, for an average-sized dog. The concentration of theobromine in dark chocolates (approximately 10 g/kg (0.16 oz/lb)) is up to 10 times that of milk chocolate (1 to 5 g/kg (0.016 to 0.080 oz/lb)) - meaning dark chocolate is far more toxic to dogs per unit weight or volume than milk chocolate. The same risk is reported for cats as well,[27] although cats are less likely to ingest sweet food, with most cats having no sweet taste receptors.[28] Complications include digestive issues, dehydration, excitability, and a slow heart rate. Later stages of theobromine poisoning include epileptic-like seizures and death. If caught early on, theobromine poisoning is treatable.[29] Although not common, the effects of theobromine ...
Caffeine is a stimulant compound belonging to the xanthine class of chemicals naturally found in coffee, tea, and (to a lesser degree) cocoa or chocolate. It is included in many soft drinks, as well as a larger amount in energy drinks. Caffeine is the world's most widely used psychoactive drug and by far the most common stimulant. In North America, 90% of adults consume caffeine daily.[63] A few jurisdictions restrict its sale and use. Caffeine is also included in some medications, usually for the purpose of enhancing the effect of the primary ingredient, or reducing one of its side-effects (especially drowsiness). Tablets containing standardized doses of caffeine are also widely available. ...
... (trade name Saridon) is an analgesic combination indicated for the management of headache. It contains the analgesics propyphenazone and paracetamol and the stimulant caffeine. Saridon was first launched by Roche in 1933, initially containing pyrithyldione and phenacetin, widely used remedies for fever and pain. It often contained aspirin, phenacetin and caffeine, but was reformulated in 1981, replacing the original ingredient phenacetin with paracetamol, before phenacetin was banned by the US FDA in 1983. It was available in more than 80 countries across Europe, Latin America, Asia and Africa, but has been discontinued in many of them.[citation needed] This combination is used for the relief of pain such as headache, toothache, menstrual discomfort, pain and fever associated with colds and flu, and for postoperative and rheumatic pain. Paracetamol, an analgesic and antipyretic substance, has slow onset ...
... s (RyRs) form a class of intracellular calcium channels in various forms of excitable animal tissue like muscles and neurons. There are three major isoforms of the ryanodine receptor, which are found in different tissues and participate in different signaling pathways involving calcium release from intracellular organelles. The RYR2 ryanodine receptor isoform is the major cellular mediator of calcium-induced calcium release (CICR) in animal cells. The ryanodine receptors are named after the plant alkaloid ryanodine, to which they show a high affinity. There are multiple isoforms of ryanodine receptors: RyR1 is primarily expressed in skeletal muscle RyR2 is primarily expressed in myocardium (heart muscle) RyR3 is expressed more widely, but especially in the brain. Non-mammalian vertebrates typically express two RyR isoforms, referred to as RyR-alpha and RyR-beta. Many invertebrates, including the model organisms Drosophila melanogaster (fruitfly) and Caenorhabditis elegans, only ...
... , also known as TRDN, is a human gene associated with the release of Calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum triggering muscular contraction through calcium-induced calcium release. Triadin is a multiprotein family, arising from different processing of the TRDN gene on chromosome 6. It is a transmembrane protein on the sarcoplasmic reticulum due to a well defined hydrophobic section and it forms a quaternary complex with the cardiac Ryanodine receptor (RYR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin proteins. The luminal (inner compartment of the sarcoplasmic reticulum) section of Triadin has areas of highly charged amino acid residues that act as luminal Ca2+ receptors. Triadin is also able to sense luminal Ca2+ concentrations by mediating interactions between RYR2 and CASQ2. Triadin has several different forms; Trisk 95 and Trisk 51, which are expressed in skeletal muscle, and Trisk 32 (CT1), which is mainly expressed in cardiac muscle. TRDN has been shown to interact with RYR1. Triadin ...
In chemical nomenclature, the IUPAC nomenclature of inorganic chemistry is a systematic method of naming inorganic chemical compounds, as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). It is published in Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry (which is informally called the Red Book). Ideally, every inorganic compound should have a name from which an unambiguous formula can be determined. There is also an IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry. The names "caffeine" and "3,7-dihydro-1,3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione" both signify the same chemical. The systematic name encodes the structure and composition of the caffeine molecule in some detail, and provides an unambiguous reference to this compound, whereas the name "caffeine" just names it. These advantages make the systematic name far superior to the common name when absolute ...
Able to cross the blood-brain barrier, theanine has reported psychoactive properties.[28] Theanine has been studied for its potential ability to reduce mental and physical stress,[29] improve cognition,[30] and boost mood and cognitive performance in a synergistic manner with caffeine.[31][32][33][34][35][36]. A Natural Standard monograph that reviews current research on theanine reports that it is likely safe in doses of 200-250 mg up to a maximum daily dose of 1,200 mg. Though some people use theanine for these purposes, Natural Standard rates the evidence to support the usage for anxiety reduction, blood pressure control, and mood improvement as "unclear or conflicting scientific evidence" and the evidence for improved cognition as "fair negative scientific evidence". Many of the studies of theanine were done in combination with caffeine as found in tea. While the studies ...
The ECA stack is a drug combination used in weight loss and as a stimulant. ECA is an initialism for ephedrine, caffeine, and aspirin, with variants of it including the EC stack, which removes the aspirin for those who can not tolerate it. Dietary supplements based on or including elements of ECA were popular through the 1990s and early 2000s, but the marketing of ephedra- or ephedrine-containing stimulant combinations for weight loss and bodybuilding is now restricted or illegal in the United States, Canada and Netherlands due to reports of heart attack, stroke, and death associated with these supplements. While it was available as a supplement, ECA was marketed with claims that it would aid weight loss, improve athletic performance and increase "energy". Placebo-controlled studies have consistently found ephedrine in combination with caffeine to be effective in promoting moderate fat loss in the ...
Media, in general, under represents overweight individuals and when these roles are present, they are often minor, stereotyped roles. They are more commonly seen eating, and are less likely to be involved in a romantic relationship compared to the average weight television character.[2] The media is often blamed for the strong negative trait associations that society has toward overweight individuals. There is a great deal of empirical research to support the idea of Thin Ideal media, or the idea that the media tends to glorify and focus on thin actors and actresses, models, and other public figures while avoiding the use of overweight individuals. In a study of children's film and books regarding messages about the importance of appearance, media targeted for children were heavily saturated with messages emphasizing attractiveness as an important part of relationships and interpersonal interaction.[29] Among the movies used in the study, two Disney movies contained the highest number of ...
increase doses of vitamin E. Hormonal therapy.. For severe symptoms, doctors may prescribe hormonal therapies, such as birth ... avoid caffeine and chocolate. *eliminate excessive dietary fat and limit salt intake ... Atypical hyperplasia is associated with a fivefold increase in breast cancer risk and is found in an estimated 4 to 10 percent ... Multiple small cysts and an increasing level of breast pain commonly develop when a woman hits her 30s. Larger cysts usually do ...
Can caffeine be used as a treatment for ADHD, and what should be considered before caffeine is given to a child? MNT looks at ... Using caffeine alongside a stimulant medication may result in too much total stimulant intake. This increases the risk of ... Caffeine alone may not be enough to treat ADHD. ADHD medications contain higher, controlled doses of stimulants designed to ... Regular soda contains caffeine, but the added sugar can easily exceed the recommended daily intake. The American Heart ...
Read about caffeine addiction, withdrawal symptoms, the health effects of coffee, facts, symptoms, risks and side effects, ... An increase in urine volume was seen only at the 360 mg dose of caffeine. One limitation to these studies is that they did not ... Too much of a good thing could be a problem for caffeine consumers. Evidence suggests that high caffeine intake may accelerate ... Sources of Caffeine and Caffeine Content. Caffeine source. Amount of caffeine. Plain, brewed coffee 8 oz. 135 mg (range 102-200 ...
If caffeine bothers you, the National Headache Foundation recommends limiting your daily dose, and reducing your intake very ... In fact, some over-the-counter migraine remedies contain caffeine to increase their effectiveness. ... Reconsider Caffeine. Reconsider Caffeine. Caffeine is tricky. For some people, it can actually halt an approaching migraine by ... Keep in mind that you may need more if you consume alcohol or caffeine (both dehydrating beverages), you sweat a lot, or youre ...
... improved performance in long-term memory was shown with increased habitual caffeine intake due to better storage or retrieval.[ ... Caffeine was given before the task in varying doses, with low doses to start (11.55 mg/kg) and higher doses in the end (92.4 mg ... suggesting a dose-response relationship between caffeine intake and retention time. Ultimately, long-term memory and caffeine ... 5] A similar study assessing effects of caffeine on cognition and mood resulted in improved delayed recall with caffeine intake ...
Limit your caffeine intake. Caffeine causes an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, especially in those who do not ... At high doses, it can even cause irregular heart beats. The current recommendations are to consume no more than 400 mg daily. * ... In early disease, it is the result of increased cardiac output as your body has to work harder against increased weight. ... Heavy drinkers who want to limit their alcohol intake should slowly lower intake over the course of several weeks. Heavy ...
Reduce caffeine intake. Caffeine causes an increase in heart rate and blood pressure, especially in those who do not consume it ... At high doses, it can even cause irregular heart beats.[29] X Research source The current recommendations are to consume no ... depending on their caffeine levels. If you have high blood pressure, you should limit your caffeine intake even more. *An eight ... Reduce your sodium intake. Decreasing dietary salt intake can decrease blood pressure by several points. This will help lower ...
One study2 failed to demonstrate that moderate caffeine intake causes or exacerbates tremor. Neuroleptic agents such as ... Amplitude increases with stress, fatigue, and certain medications such as central nervous system stimulants, and may increase ... Amiodarone (Cordarone) may cause a dose-dependent reversible neurologic syndrome consisting of postural tremor, ataxia, and ... Postural tremor: affects arms and head; increases with stress, fatigue, and stimulants; increases with voluntary activities; ...
Using kudzu with guarana might increase caffeine levels.. Magnesium. High caffeine intake from foods, beverages, and herbs ... The fatal dose of caffeine is estimated to be 10-14 grams. Serious poisoning can also occur at lower doses, depending on an ... Nursing mothers should closely monitor caffeine intake to make sure it is on the low side. High intake of caffeine by nursing ... Caffeine intake increases the rate of bone loss in elderly women and interacts with vitamin D receptor genotypes. Am J Clin ...
While manufacturers of PWS often indicate the inclusion of significant amounts of caffeine, no independent ve … ... The stimulant properties of caffeine are often promoted in pre-workout supplements (PWS) to assist with training, reduce the ... Product information panels do little to improve consumer awareness of likely caffeine intakes. ... Consumers are likely to be exposed to large and variable caffeine doses if ingesting PWS. ...
Heavy caffeine intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome). Very high doses of ... Caffeine is transferred into breast milk. Caffeine ingestion by infants can lead to sleep disturbances and insomnia. Infants ... Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to caffeine or tannins. Skin rash and hives have been reported with caffeine ingestion. Use ... Staring into a deep red light could improve eyesight, study finds Asthma, allergies, Covid-19 and your child: heres what you ...
Heavy caffeine intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome). Very high doses of ... Zinc gluconate appears to exert beneficial effects on immune cells, improving CD3 and CD4 counts and increasing CD4/CD8 ratios ... Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to caffeine or tannins. Skin rash and hives have been reported after caffeine ingestion. ... Preliminary evidence suggests that chlorophyll intake during chemotherapy treatment in patients with tuberculosis may improve ...
Vitamin Worlds Vitamin B-12 Energy Complex contains a unique blend of Vitamin B12, Taurine and Caffeine. Quick Dissolve ... Do not exceed recommended dose. Increasing frequency of intake will not improve results and may cause adverse reactions. ... This product contains caffeine. Avoid additional consumption of caffeine. Keep out of reach of children. Store at room ...
However, researchers found that your body adjusts to your caffeine intake, so drinking caffeinated beverages wont increase ... These products can deliver large doses of caffeine in a very short amount of time. People with underlying medical conditions ... Reducing Your Caffeine Intake. Kicking the caffeine habit cold turkey isnt recommended. Caffeine withdrawal can give you ... Caffeine is a stimulant, and some studies show that small amounts of caffeine may improve your mental response time. Other ...
As an adolescent, your intake should not exceed 100 mg of caffeine per day. Home brews deliver 100 to 180 mg in 12 ounces. ... Chain coffee shops can double that dose. Eight ounces of green or black tea contain 30 to 80 mg. If you have an irregular ... It also eases migraine, improves exercise performance, opens airways, and steps up concentration, memory and reaction time. ... Capture caffeines power. Caffeine boosts energy and helps stave off heart disease, Parkinsons, diabetes, dementia, and nine ...
It is expressed in response to dsRNA in a dose-dependent manner. Galleria melonella responds to caffeine intake by increased ... Hemolin increases 18-fold up to 7 mg/ml following injection of bacteria in H. cecropia. Induction of Hemolin in moths after ... In the potential function as a developmental protein, Hemolin has been shown to increase close to pupation in Manduca sexta, ... "Caffeine administration alters the behaviour and development of Galleria mellonella larvae". Neurotoxicology and Teratology. ...
Heavy caffeine intake during pregnancy may increase the risk of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome). Very high doses of ... Black tea may increase heart rate.. *Avoid if allergic or hypersensitive to caffeine or tannins. Skin rash and hives have been ... Beet: Increased dietary fiber intake is recommended based on findings that support its antilipemic effects and potential ... It is not clear if vitamin C supplements in doses higher than Dietary Reference Intake recommendations are safe for pregnant or ...
Maternal Caffeine Intake May Be Associated with Low Birth Weight. November 2014. Newborns who are underweight are at increased ... Prevent Eczema in Kids with a Daily Dose of Moisturizer. November 2014. The painful red, itchy, and scaly rash known as eczema ... This study, published in JAMA, found that a higher intake of dietary cholesterol or eggs was linked to an increased risk of ... The study, published in Stroke, found that a higher intake of ASB was linked to an increased risk of all three. ...
It can also prevent clear thinking and increase the side effects of certain medications. This level of caffeine intake ... With frequent use, tolerance to many of the effects of caffeine will develop. At doses of 600 milligrams (about six cups of ... Moderate caffeine consumption does not appear to adversely affect cardiovascular health. * Caffeine appears to increase the ... How Caffeine Affects the Body Caffeine is best known for its stimulant, or wake-up, effect. Once a person consumes caffeine, ...
... and Caffeine) may treat, uses, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, warnings, patient labeling, reviews, and related ... If this dose does not result in the desired degree of clinical improvement, a subsequent increased dose of 0.1 mg/kg body ... Tell your patients not to exceed the recommended dose and to limit their intake of alcohol. ... Do not increase the amount you take without your doctors approval. If you miss a dose of the drug do not take twice as much ...
Schoolchildren should be taught about the dangers of drinking too much caffeine in energy drinks, coke and coffee, say ... In low doses caffeine can affect the body causing decreased appetite, increased urination, hyperactive behaviour and difficulty ... Children under 12 are generally recommended to avoid caffeine or to limit its intake. ... "Caffeine over-consumption and caffeine intoxication have serious health effects even in moderate doses. ...
Increased pitch. With dual-source scanners, the pitch can be increased at high heart rates to reduce radiation dose. ... They are also instructed to avoid eating solid food 4 hours before the study and to increase fluid intake prior to the exam. ... At the authors institution, patients are instructed to avoid caffeine and smoking 12 hours prior to the procedure to avoid ... Thus, the pitch must be lowered, which will increase radiation dose. Multisegment reconstruction is effective in improving ...
Our results demonstrated that high doses of caffeine intake during pregnancy increase the risk of miscarriage, independent of ... Results: An increasing dose of daily caffeine intake during pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, ... Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that high doses of caffeine intake during pregnancy increase the risk of miscarriage, ... for caffeine intake of less than 200 mg/day, and aHR of 2.23 (1.34 to 3.69) for intake of 200 or more mg/day, respectively. ...
... your doctor may gradually increase the dose to 0.6 mg at bedtime. You should limit your fluid intake for a few hours before ... In addition, you should limit the amount of alcohol and caffeine you consume during evening hours. For central diabetes ... If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a ... skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If ...
Caffeine use is widespread in sport, with a strong evidence base demonstrating its ergogenic effect. Based on existing research ... focused on the effects of low doses of caffeine (,3 mg/kg) on performance enhancement, finding that lower intakes of caffeine ... The caffeine dose significantly improved time to exhaustion for all subjects, but there was a large variation in the magnitude ... factors affecting caffeine ergogenicity are related to the nature of caffeine ingestion, including caffeine dose [71], source [ ...
  • Since your kidneys are in charge of regulating the composition of fluid in the blood and secreting excess water, both acute and chronic kidney disease can cause dysfunction, leading to excess fluid retention, increased blood volumes, and the development of high blood pressure. (wikihow.com)
  • The acute ingestion of high doses of caffeine did not induce arrhythmias in patients with chronic systolic HF at rest and during a symptom-limited physical exercise. (medindia.net)
  • For acute asthma exacerbations, the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) Expert Panel recommends 4 to 8 puffs every 20 minutes for 3 doses, then 4 to 8 puffs every 1 to 4 hours as needed. (pdr.net)
  • Previous work from our laboratory has shown that acute caffeine administration increases blood pressure and decreases heart rate in a dose-dependent manner in adolescents, and that boys tend to have heightened responses to acute caffeine compared with girls. (aappublications.org)
  • Conduct research on nutrition transitions from childhood to shed light on how and why dietary intake changes so rapidly from early childhood through pre-adolescence and adolescence, and to identify the driving forces behind dietary intake change in these age groups and what programs are most effective at maintaining positive nutrition habits established in very young children. (health.gov)
  • Young children have better dietary intake than older children and adolescents. (health.gov)
  • Evaluate the effects of common variations in dietary patterns in small children on nutrient intakes. (health.gov)
  • Improved food composition data also is critical for needed research to better define, identify, and quantify total grain, whole grain consumption, and refined grain consumption in dietary studies. (health.gov)
  • In 1999-2000, the date of one of the larger studies on the dietary intake of caffeine among children, soda accounted for 62% of the caffeine consumed by children. (talkaboutcoffee.com)
  • There was an interaction between gender and caffeine dose, with boys having a greater response to caffeine than girls. (aappublications.org)
  • These data suggest that gender differences in response to caffeine emerge after puberty. (aappublications.org)
  • This study shows that the gender differences in cardiovascular response to caffeine emerge after puberty and there are some differences in postpubertal girls across the menstrual cycle. (aappublications.org)
  • The degree of tolerance and response to caffeine varies with repeated usage (5). (thesportjournal.org)
  • Sex differences in response to caffeine seemed to become statistically significant after puberty, but not before. (medscape.com)
  • These data suggest that gender differences in response to caffeine emerge after puberty," the authors conclude, "Future research will determine the extent to which these gender differences are mediated by physiological factors, such as steroid hormones, or psychosocial factors, such as more autonomy and control over beverage purchases. (medscape.com)
  • What is the Government doing about caffeine powders and high caffeine content products? (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • In July 2019, Minister for Aged Care and Senior Australians, Minister for Youth and Sport Richard Colbeck and Minister for Health Greg Hunt asked FSANZ to provide advice about current caffeine permissions in the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, and to consider preliminary recommendations for strengthening regulations and consumer warnings in relation to caffeine powder and high caffeine content food. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • In September 2019 Minister Colbeck released the report and agreed to all recommendations made by FSANZ to enhance consumer safety with regards to caffeine powder and high caffeine content food. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • A few years ago, a popular, high-caffeine content black tea, Fast Lane , was also taken off the market because of a death associated with its usage. (healthyanswers.com)
  • Although you may be able to tolerate one, high-caffeine energy drink here and there, chronic, heavy consumption could cause serious, perhaps fatal, consequences. (healthyanswers.com)
  • Caffeine is a naturally occurring stimulant found in the leaves, seeds, or fruit of over sixty plants around the world. (faqs.org)
  • Information on caffeine consumption, potential confounders including smoking history and POAG diagnoses was updated using biennial questionnaires. (arvojournals.org)
  • In the primary meta-analysis, caffeine consumption was not significantly associated with atrial fibrillation (RR 0.90, 95%CI 0.81-1.01), although the inverse association became significant in an analysis of studies with minimal comparability bias (greater adjustment for potential confounders). (medpagetoday.com)
  • The authors acknowledged that the analysis was limited by the potential underestimation of incident atrial fibrillation, the use of self-reported caffeine intake, the inability to adjust for some potential confounders, such as sleep apnea, and the relatively small number of atrial fibrillation events in the included studies. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Our findings concerning gender differences suggest that boys and girls experience caffeine differently [after puberty]. (medscape.com)
  • Each Pulvule¨ contains 65 mg (172.9 µmol) propoxyphene hydrochloride, 389 mg (2,159 µmol) aspirin, and 32.4 mg (166.8 µmol) caffeine. (rxlist.com)
  • What are the possible side effects of aspirin/caffeine/propoxyphene (Darvon Compound 32, Darvon Compound-65, PC-CAP, Propoxyphene Compound 65)? (rxlist.com)
  • The usual dosage is 65 mg propoxyphene hydrochloride, 389 mg aspirin and 32.4 mg caffeine (one capsule ) every 4 hours as needed for pain. (rxlist.com)
  • According to Prof. Richard Poulson - vice president of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), which was not involved in the study - previous research has also suggested that aspirin boosts the chances of conception by increasing blood flow to the pelvis and thickening the lining of the womb, making it easier for the embryo to implant. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Aspirin has as much as 130 mg of caffeine in one dose! (healthyanswers.com)
  • However, the magnitude of performance enhancement following caffeine ingestion differs substantially between individuals, with the spectrum of responses ranging between highly ergogenic to ergolytic. (springer.com)
  • Clearer understanding of the factors underpinning inter-individual variation potentially facilitates a more nuanced, and individually and context-specific customisation of caffeine ingestion guidelines, specific to an individual's biology, history, and competitive situation. (springer.com)
  • There is substantial variation between individuals when it comes to the performance improvement seen following caffeine ingestion in sport. (springer.com)
  • The authors found no association between caffeine ingestion and arrhythmic episodes, even during the physical stress of a treadmill test, after 500 mg of caffeine was ingested over a five-hour period, according to the article. (medindia.net)
  • SO how use the fact that caffeine effects peak about 75mins post ingestion and are cleared from the body in about 6-7 hours post ingestion? (begin2dig.com)
  • maternal ingestion of more than 500 mg/day of caffeine may cause cardiac arrythmias as a feature of drug withdrawal and change in fetal behavior (frequent body movement, irregular heart rate and breathing activity). (safefetus.com)
  • In the 1970s and 1980s, the average caffeine intake for children between the ages of 5 and 18 was 38 mg - about the amount in a 12-ounce serving of soda. (talkaboutcoffee.com)
  • A study in European Neuropsychopharmacology suggests that caffeine could be useful as an ADHD treatment, as it appears to normalize levels of dopamine and improve attention in people with ADHD. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A study has found that there are more correct tip of the tongue answers with a caffeine group than those of the control group. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are also instructed to avoid eating solid food 4 hours before the study and to increase fluid intake prior to the exam. (medscape.com)
  • A Massey University researcher is seeking participants for a study into whether soy isoflavones and kiwifruit help improve bone health in post-menopausal women. (arborfarms.com)
  • High impact sports such as running appear to improve bone mineral density more than such sports as cycling, swimming, or rowing, according to a study conducted by the University of Missouri. (rootsnatural.ca)
  • This study found that aerobic exercise may reduce pain and improve physical function in people with fibromyalgia. (rosemed.com)
  • A recent study found that Internet-assisted parent training may improve behavior in preschool children with disruptive behavioral problems. (skyridgemedcenter.com)
  • Caffeine did not influence the incidence of bladder tumours induced in rats by N -nitroso- N -butyl(4-hydroxybutyl)amine in three experiments or of pancreatic tumours induced in rats by 4-hydroxyaminoquinoline-1-oxide in another study. (inchem.org)
  • One case-control study of bladder cancer showed a weak association with caffeine consumption. (inchem.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that gender differences in cardiovascular responses to caffeine emerge after puberty and that cardiovascular responses to caffeine differ across the phases of the menstrual cycle. (aappublications.org)
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of caffeine supplementation on athletic performance during sprint-distance, high-intensity time trials among collegiate swimmers in a single-blind, crossover study design. (thesportjournal.org)
  • A new study published online in Food and Chemical Toxicology ​ on November 1 ( D.C. Mitchell et al, Beverage caffeine intakes in the US ​ ​) analyzed data from seven-day diet records of 42,851 Americans during the period Oct 2010 to Sept 2011, he said. (foodnavigator-usa.com)
  • What the study suggests is that well hmm, all the use of taurine or (my fave) tyrosine to boost hard workouts etc may be set aside for a low dose snort for a few days leading up to that "intense training. (begin2dig.com)
  • The key thing in the study is not being a big caffeine head already so that one is not tolerant of it. (begin2dig.com)
  • Dr. James Lane, the lead author of the second study says, "It could be that caffeine interferes with the process that moves glucose from the blood and into muscle and other cells in the body where it is used for fuel. (thecamreport.com)
  • 5. That targeted research on caffeine consumption across the Australian and New Zealand population, including consumption by specific vulnerable population groups, continue to be undertaken as part of the upcoming Intergenerational Health and Mental Health Study. (foodstandards.gov.au)
  • Although the study goal remained secret, survey questions about caffeine and instructions asking participants to eliminate caffeine could have given it away. (medscape.com)
  • Finally, the study design precluded evaluation of whether previous caffeine use influenced caffeine responses. (medscape.com)
  • One study found that intervention with monitoring, low-dose medication, and therapy in patients with very early signs of schizophrenia reduced the diagnosis of full-blown schizophrenia by tenfold. (meta-religion.com)