Artificial introduction of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
The deposit of SEMEN or SPERMATOZOA into the VAGINA to facilitate FERTILIZATION.
Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used.
Human artificial insemination in which the semen used is that of a man other than the woman's husband.
The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
The fusion of a spermatozoon (SPERMATOZOA) with an OVUM thus resulting in the formation of a ZYGOTE.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The capacity to conceive or to induce conception. It may refer to either the male or female.
Passive or active movement of SPERMATOZOA from the testicular SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES through the male reproductive tract as well as within the female reproductive tract.
Occurrence or induction of ESTRUS in all of the females in a group at the same time, applies only to non-primate mammals with ESTROUS CYCLE.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Methods for recognizing the state of ESTRUS.
The thick, yellowish-white, viscid fluid secretion of male reproductive organs discharged upon ejaculation. In addition to reproductive organ secretions, it contains SPERMATOZOA and their nutrient plasma.
Movement characteristics of SPERMATOZOA in a fresh specimen. It is measured as the percentage of sperms that are moving, and as the percentage of sperms with productive flagellar motion such as rapid, linear, and forward progression.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
A count of SPERM in the ejaculum, expressed as number per milliliter.
Inability to reproduce after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Reproductive sterility is permanent infertility.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Occurrence or induction of release of more ova than are normally released at the same time in a given species. The term applies to both animals and humans.
Method to determine the occurrence of OVULATION by direct or indirect means. Indirect methods examine the effects of PROGESTERONE on cervical mucus (CERVIX MUCUS), or basal body temperature. Direct ovulation detection, generally used in fertility treatment, involves analyses of circulating hormones in blood and ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Interactive processes between the oocyte (OVUM) and the sperm (SPERMATOZOA) including sperm adhesion, ACROSOME REACTION, sperm penetration of the ZONA PELLUCIDA, and events leading to FERTILIZATION.
A triphenyl ethylene stilbene derivative which is an estrogen agonist or antagonist depending on the target tissue. Note that ENCLOMIPHENE and ZUCLOMIPHENE are the (E) and (Z) isomers of Clomiphene respectively.
Compounds which increase the capacity to conceive in females.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
The inability of the male to effect FERTILIZATION of an OVUM after a specified period of unprotected intercourse. Male sterility is permanent infertility.
The number of offspring produced at one birth by a viviparous animal.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
Sexual union of a male and a female in non-human species.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
A gonadotropic glycoprotein hormone produced primarily by the PLACENTA. Similar to the pituitary LUTEINIZING HORMONE in structure and function, chorionic gonadotropin is involved in maintaining the CORPUS LUTEUM during pregnancy. CG consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is virtually identical to the alpha subunits of the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN, BETA SUBUNIT, HUMAN).
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
A synthetic fluorinated steroid that is used as a progestational hormone.
Methods for controlling genetic SEX of offspring.
Sexual activities of animals.
The process of bearing developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero in non-human mammals, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Tests to determine whether or not an individual is pregnant.
The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A pair of highly specialized muscular canals extending from the UTERUS to its corresponding OVARY. They provide the means for OVUM collection, and the site for the final maturation of gametes and FERTILIZATION. The fallopian tube consists of an interstitium, an isthmus, an ampulla, an infundibulum, and fimbriae. Its wall consists of three histologic layers: serous, muscular, and an internal mucosal layer lined with both ciliated and secretory cells.
A 6-methyl PROGESTERONE acetate with reported glucocorticoid activity and effect on ESTRUS.
The condition of carrying two or more FETUSES simultaneously.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The emission of SEMEN to the exterior, resulting from the contraction of muscles surrounding the male internal urogenital ducts.
The period in the ESTROUS CYCLE associated with maximum sexual receptivity and fertility in non-primate female mammals.
Extracts of urine from menopausal women that contain high concentrations of pituitary gonadotropins, FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE and LUTEINIZING HORMONE. Menotropins are used to treat infertility. The FSH:LH ratio and degree of purity vary in different preparations.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
A technique that came into use in the mid-1980's for assisted conception in infertile women with normal fallopian tubes. The protocol consists of hormonal stimulation of the ovaries, followed by laparoscopic follicular aspiration of oocytes, and then the transfer of sperm and oocytes by catheterization into the fallopian tubes.
A mature haploid female germ cell extruded from the OVARY at OVULATION.
An OOCYTE-containing structure in the cortex of the OVARY. The oocyte is enclosed by a layer of GRANULOSA CELLS providing a nourishing microenvironment (FOLLICULAR FLUID). The number and size of follicles vary depending on the age and reproductive state of the female. The growing follicles are divided into five stages: primary, secondary, tertiary, Graafian, and atretic. Follicular growth and steroidogenesis depend on the presence of GONADOTROPINS.
Gonadotropins secreted by the pituitary or the placenta in horses. This term generally refers to the gonadotropins found in the pregnant mare serum, a rich source of equine CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN; LUTEINIZING HORMONE; and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. Unlike that in humans, the equine LUTEINIZING HORMONE, BETA SUBUNIT is identical to the equine choronic gonadotropin, beta. Equine gonadotropins prepared from pregnant mare serum are used in reproductive studies.
The quality of SEMEN, an indicator of male fertility, can be determined by semen volume, pH, sperm concentration (SPERM COUNT), total sperm number, sperm viability, sperm vigor (SPERM MOTILITY), normal sperm morphology, ACROSOME integrity, and the concentration of WHITE BLOOD CELLS.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Bugs of the family CIMICIDAE, genus Cimex. They are flattened, oval, reddish insects which inhabit houses, wallpaper, furniture, and beds. C. lectularius, of temperate regions, is the common bedbug that attacks humans and is frequently a serious pest in houses, hotels, barracks, and other living quarters. Experiments have shown that bedbugs can transmit a variety of diseases, but they are not normal vectors under natural conditions. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p272)
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
Unsaturated pregnane derivatives containing two keto groups on side chains or ring structures.
Conditions of sexual ambiguity in which the individual possesses gonadal tissues of both sexes, tissues from the OVARY and the TESTIS. There can be a testis on one side and an ovary on the other (lateral), or there may be combined ovarian and testicular tissue (ovotestes) on each side (bilateral). The karyotype may be 46,XX; 46,XY; or a mosaic of 46,XX/46,XY. These disorders have historically been called true hermaphroditism.
A post-MORULA preimplantation mammalian embryo that develops from a 32-cell stage into a fluid-filled hollow ball of over a hundred cells. A blastocyst has two distinctive tissues. The outer layer of trophoblasts gives rise to extra-embryonic tissues. The inner cell mass gives rise to the embryonic disc and eventual embryo proper.
Endoscopes for examining the interior of the uterus.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Ducts that serve exclusively for the passage of eggs from the ovaries to the exterior of the body. In non-mammals, they are termed oviducts. In mammals, they are highly specialized and known as FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Substances that provide protection against the harmful effects of freezing temperatures.
The number of males per 100 females.
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS or FETUSES.
The cap-like structure covering the anterior portion of SPERM HEAD. Acrosome, derived from LYSOSOMES, is a membrane-bound organelle that contains the required hydrolytic and proteolytic enzymes necessary for sperm penetration of the egg in FERTILIZATION.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
The insertion of drugs into the vagina to treat local infections, neoplasms, or to induce labor. The dosage forms may include medicated pessaries, irrigation fluids, and suppositories.
A tough transparent membrane surrounding the OVUM. It is penetrated by the sperm during FERTILIZATION.
Hormones that stimulate gonadal functions such as GAMETOGENESIS and sex steroid hormone production in the OVARY and the TESTIS. Major gonadotropins are glycoproteins produced primarily by the adenohypophysis (GONADOTROPINS, PITUITARY) and the placenta (CHORIONIC GONADOTROPIN). In some species, pituitary PROLACTIN and PLACENTAL LACTOGEN exert some luteotropic activities.
The structural and functional changes by which SPERMATOZOA become capable of oocyte FERTILIZATION. It normally requires exposing the sperm to the female genital tract for a period of time to bring about increased SPERM MOTILITY and the ACROSOME REACTION before fertilization in the FALLOPIAN TUBES can take place.
The fertilized OVUM resulting from the fusion of a male and a female gamete.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
The earliest developmental stage of a fertilized ovum (ZYGOTE) during which there are several mitotic divisions within the ZONA PELLUCIDA. Each cleavage or segmentation yields two BLASTOMERES of about half size of the parent cell. This cleavage stage generally covers the period up to 16-cell MORULA.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The event that a FETUS is born alive with heartbeats or RESPIRATION regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE. Such liveborn is called a newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN).
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Centers for acquiring and storing semen.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
The capability of producing eggs (OVA) from which young are hatched outside the body. While mostly referring to nonmammalian species, this does include MAMMALS of the order MONOTREMATA.
A family of marsupials in the order Diprotodontia, native to Australia and possessing vestigial tails. There is a single living genus and species: Phascolarctos cinereus, the koala.
The period of cyclic physiological and behavior changes in non-primate female mammals that exhibit ESTRUS. The estrous cycle generally consists of 4 or 5 distinct periods corresponding to the endocrine status (PROESTRUS; ESTRUS; METESTRUS; DIESTRUS; and ANESTRUS).
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
The convoluted cordlike structure attached to the posterior of the TESTIS. Epididymis consists of the head (caput), the body (corpus), and the tail (cauda). A network of ducts leaving the testis joins into a common epididymal tubule proper which provides the transport, storage, and maturation of SPERMATOZOA.
An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.
A slightly alkaline secretion of the endocervical glands. The consistency and amount are dependent on the physiological hormone changes in the menstrual cycle. It contains the glycoprotein mucin, amino acids, sugar, enzymes, and electrolytes, with a water content up to 90%. The mucus is a useful protection against the ascent of bacteria and sperm into the uterus. (From Dictionary of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 1988)
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
Sexual stimulation or gratification of the self.
The potential of the FETUS to survive outside the UTERUS after birth, natural or induced. Fetal viability depends largely on the FETAL ORGAN MATURITY, and environmental conditions.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
Drugs used to increase fertility or to treat infertility.
Individuals supplying living tissue, organs, cells, blood or blood components for transfer or transplantation to histocompatible recipients.
Procedures to obtain viable sperm from the male reproductive tract, including the TESTES, the EPIDIDYMIS, or the VAS DEFERENS.
A condition in which the percentage of progressively motile sperm is abnormally low. In men, it is defined as
Morphological and physiological development of EMBRYOS.
Establishing the father relationship of a man and a child.
Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
The family of carnivorous or omnivorous bears, having massive bodies, coarse heavy fur, relatively short limbs, and almost rudimentary tails.
Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.
Endometrial implantation of EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN at the BLASTOCYST stage.
The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.
An animal or plant species in danger of extinction. Causes can include human activity, changing climate, or change in predator/prey ratios.
The division of a ZYGOTE into two parts, each of which is capable of further development.
The maturing process of SPERMATOZOA after leaving the testicular SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES. Maturation in SPERM MOTILITY and FERTILITY takes place in the EPIDIDYMIS as the sperm migrate from caput epididymis to cauda epididymis.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the interior of the uterus.
Sexual attraction or relationship between females.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
Organs and other anatomical structures of non-human vertebrate and invertebrate animals.
The entity of a developing mammal (MAMMALS), generally from the cleavage of a ZYGOTE to the end of embryonic differentiation of basic structures. For the human embryo, this represents the first two months of intrauterine development preceding the stages of the FETUS.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The number of births in a given population per year or other unit of time.
Changes that occur to liberate the enzymes of the ACROSOME of a sperm (SPERMATOZOA). Acrosome reaction allows the sperm to penetrate the ZONA PELLUCIDA and enter the OVUM during FERTILIZATION.
The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).
The transformation of a liquid to a glassy solid i.e., without the formation of crystals during the cooling process.
A potent synthetic analog of GONADOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE with D-serine substitution at residue 6, glycine10 deletion, and other modifications.
Large mammals in the family Elephantidae, with columnar limbs, bulky bodies, and elongated snouts. They are the only surviving members of the PROBOSCIDEA MAMMALS.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A procedure in which a laparoscope (LAPAROSCOPES) is inserted through a small incision near the navel to examine the abdominal and pelvic organs in the PERITONEAL CAVITY. If appropriate, biopsy or surgery can be performed during laparoscopy.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.

Intraperitoneal insemination of the guinea pig with synchronized estrus induced by progesterone implant. (1/818)

Female guinea pigs with synchronized ovulation by means of implantation of progesterone-filled tubing (P-tube) followed by a progesterone injection, were inseminated by intraperitoneal injection with sperm suspension. First, to obtain the optimum conditions for insemination, the females were inseminated singly over the range of 1-10 x 10(7) spermatozoa before and after the synchronized ovulation. The incidence of conception and implantation was 100% in the females given more than 5 x 10(7)/animal at 9:00 h on the 5th day after removal of the P-tube. Second, the reproductive ability of the inseminated females under this optimal condition was observed throughout the pregnancy to delivery. Inseminated females had a mean +/- S.D. gestation period of 68.7 +/- 0.5 days, a litter size of 2.8 +/- 0.6 pups and body weight of 110 +/- 14 g. These data were comparable to those of naturally-mated females. Our findings suggest that the artificial insemination by intraperitoneal injection in combination with the synchronized estrus technique is very useful for production control in a small colony of guinea pigs.  (+info)

Characterization of uterine leukocyte infiltration in gilts after artificial insemination. (2/818)

The objective of this study was to characterize the uterine leukocyte influx after artificial insemination (AI). After detection of oestrus with a boar at intervals of 1.5 h, seventy-two gilts were randomly assigned to a 2 x 3 x 4 factorial arrangement. AI was performed with 100 ml extended semen containing 5 x 10(9) spermatozoa (semen; n = 36) or 100 ml VSP semen extender (extender; n = 36) at one of three times after detection of oestrus: 12, 24 or 36 h (n = 24/time). The uterus was lavaged at 6, 12, 18 or 24 h (n = 18/time) after AI to determine the total number of uterine leukocytes. In addition, uterine lavage was performed on nine untreated gilts immediately after the detection of oestrus to establish a baseline number of leukocytes. The leukocyte response in all samples consisted predominately (92-99%) of polymorphonuclear neutrophilic granulocytes (PMNs). The mean number of PMNs recovered from the uteri of gilts treated with semen was greater than in gilts treated with extender and in untreated gilts (P < 0.01). The greatest number of PMNs in semen-treated gilts was found 12 h after AI (P < 0.01), and this number was sustained for 24 h. In contrast, the number of uterine PMNs recovered from extender-treated gilts reached a peak at 6 h and had declined by 12 h after AI (P < 0.05). It was concluded that an extensive influx of PMNs into the uterus is a normal sequence to AI. The consequences and importance of semen-induced uterine leukocytosis needs further investigation.  (+info)

Sperm migration into and through the oviduct following artificial insemination at different stages of the estrous cycle in the rat. (3/818)

In order to examine whether sperm migration into and through the oviduct follows an invariable pattern or is subject to regulation, rats in proestrus, estrus, metestrus, or diestrus were inseminated in the upper third of each uterine horn with 10-20 million epididymal spermatozoa. Three or eight hours later, the numbers of spermatozoa free and adhering to the epithelium in the ampullary and isthmic segments were determined. A significantly higher number of spermatozoa were recovered in estrus than in other stages, at 3 h than at 8 h, and at all stages from the isthmus than from the ampulla. Spermatozoa adhering to the epithelium were observed only in proestrus and estrus and in the isthmus. The effect of exogenous estradiol-17beta (E2) and progesterone (P4) on sperm migration was investigated in rats in which the estrous cycle was inhibited pharmacologically. E2 facilitated sperm migration into the oviduct and P4 antagonized this effect, whereas P4 alone had no effect. Concomitant treatment with E2+P4 induced adhesion of spermatozoa to the oviductal epithelium. In conclusion, the pattern of sperm migration into and through the rat oviduct varies with the stage of the cycle, being dependent on E2 and P4. The adhesion of spermatozoa to the rat oviductal epithelium is stage- and segment-specific and requires the combined action of both hormones.  (+info)

Serum progesterone in predicting pregnancy outcome after assisted reproductive technology. (4/818)

PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine whether serum progesterone predicts pregnancy outcome after superovulation. METHODS: One hundred twenty-three consecutively pregnant patients were divided into three groups: group I, 55 patients following superovulation for assisted reproductive technologies; group II, 23 patients after correction of oligoovulation; and group III, 45 patients who conceived spontaneously. When beta-human chorionic gonadotropin was positive, progesterone was measured on the same serum sample. A serum progesterone level of 45 microns/L was set to differentiate between nonviable pregnancy and ongoing pregnancy. RESULTS: In group I, zero (0%) of 38 ongoing pregnancies and 10 (59%) of 17 nonviable pregnancies were observed with a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L [14.2 ng/ml (P < 0.001)]. In group II, 4 (27%) of 15 ongoing pregnancies and 5 (63%) of 8 nonviable pregnancies had a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L (P = NS). In group III, 10 (42%) of 24 ongoing pregnancies and 15 (71%) of 21 nonviable pregnancies were observed with a progesterone level of < 45 microns/L (14.2 ng/ml) (P = NS). CONCLUSIONS: A serum progesterone level of < 45 nM predicts nonviable pregnancy after superovulation for assisted reproductive technology.  (+info)

Status of genomic imprinting in mouse spermatids. (5/818)

The advent of human round spermatid microinjection (ROSI) into oocytes as a treatment for severe male infertility raises the question of whether spermatids have undergone all of the maturation processes necessary for normal development. It is particularly important to know whether spermatids have undergone correct genomic imprinting, which results in the parent-of-origin-specific expression of only one allele of a gene. We assessed the imprinting status of three maternally and three paternally expressed genes in interspecific hybrid embryos generated by injecting Mus castaneus spermatids into Mus musculus oocytes. We used the single nucleotide primer extension (SNuPE) assay to measure the relative expression of maternal and paternal alleles on the basis of sequence polymorphisms in the transcripts. Expression of imprinted genes in mouse embryos derived by ROSI did not differ from controls, indicating that paternal genes have undergone proper imprinting by the round spermatid stage.  (+info)

Estrus synchronization of beef cattle with a combination of melengestrol acetate and an injection of progesterone and 17beta-estradiol. (6/818)

Our hypothesis was that estrus synchronization in beef cattle using melengestrol acetate (MGA) and an injection of progesterone (P4) and 17beta-estradiol (E2) to regress dominant ovarian follicles would improve pregnancy rate (number conceived/number in group) to AI compared with feeding only MGA or injecting PGF2alpha. During 2 yr, peripubertal heifers (n = 52) and cows (n = 327) received either 1) MGA for 18 d (d 0 = 1st d of MGA) plus an injection of P4 and E2 in sesame oil (vehicle) on d 11 to regress persistent ovarian follicles (MGA+P4), 2) MGA for 18 d plus vehicle on d 11 (MGA), or 3) two injections of PGF2alpha 10 d apart (d 7 and 17, PG). Concentration of P4 was assessed in blood samples obtained on d 0, 7, and 17 to indicate estrual status (anestrual or estrual) during treatment to induce estrus synchrony. Observations for detection of estrus occurred every 6 h for 180 h following treatment cessation. Females showing estrus were inseminated 6 to 12 h after estrus detection. Conception to AI was determined by ultrasonography 35 to 40 d later. Conception rate was greater (P < .05) in females in the PG than in those in the MGA group but did not differ from conception rate of females in the MGA+P4 group. Among anestrual females, estrus synchrony rates were greatest (P < .10) among females treated with MGA+P4. Among females that were estrual before treatment cessation, estrus synchrony rates were greater (P < .10) among females treated with MGA+P4 or PG than among those given MGA. Pregnancy rates were greater (P < .05) among females that were anestrual before treatment cessation and treated with MGA or MGA+P4 than among those treated with PG. Estrus synchronization using MGA+P4 and E2 differentially improves estrus synchronization and pregnancy rates among anestrual and estrual beef cattle while maintaining conception rates similar to those of PGF2alpha-treated females.  (+info)

Mouse spermatid nuclei can support full term development after premature chromosome condensation within mature oocytes. (7/818)

The nucleus of round spermatids, the earliest haploid male germ cells, can participate in the formation of normal zygotes when incorporated into activated oocytes. In this study, we injected mouse round spermatids into homologous mature oocytes that were kept arrested at metaphase II to induce premature chromosome condensation (PCC) of the spermatid nuclei. After full condensation of the spermatid chromosomes, the oocytes were activated by Sr2+-containing medium, into which cytochalasin B was added to prevent extrusion of the segregated female and male chromosomes as polar bodies. Out of 142 oocytes examined, 104 (73%) formed two male (pseudo)pronuclei and two female pronuclei. To restore the diploid state of these zygotes, one of the female pronuclei was removed. When cultured in vitro for 72 hours, all (n = 37) of the constructed embryos developed to the morula/blastocyst stage. When 2-cell embryos and morulae/blastocysts were transferred into pseudopregnant females, 14 (13/96) and 24% (9/37), respectively, developed into term offspring. This study indicates that the spermatid chromosomes, which had undergone PCC, moved safely to opposite poles after oocyte activation. Since round spermatids contain no (in the mouse) or little (in patients with spermatogenic failure) oocyte-activating factor, this method may be used to rescue oocytes that fail to be activated at the time of spermatid injection.  (+info)

Duration of estrus in relation to reproduction results in pigs on commercial farms. (8/818)

This research was conducted to determine factors that influence duration of estrus, AI strategy, and reproduction results between and within commercial swine farms that use AI. Data from 15,186 sows and gilts on 55 farms for a period of 6.1+/-4.2 mo per farm were used in this study. The average duration of estrus was 48.4+/-1.0 h, ranging from 31 to 64 h, and was consistent from month to month within a farm (repeatability of 86%). Differences in duration of estrus between farms accounted for 23% of the total variation in duration of estrus. On most farms (n = 45), gilts showed a shorter (P < .05) duration of estrus than sows (40.8+/-1.1 h vs 48.5+/-1.0 h). The duration of first estrus after weaning was longer (P < .0001) compared with that of repeat-breeder sows (50.2+/-1.0 h vs 46.8+/-1.0 h). Duration of estrus decreased (P < .05) when interval from weaning to estrus increased from 4 to 6 d (56.0 +/- 1.2 h vs 45.8 +/-1.2 h). The regression of interval from onset to estrus to first AI and interval from weaning to estrus varied between farms and ranged from -7.4 to +1.3 h/d; four farms had a positive relationship. Farrowing rate decreased (P < .05) from 89.7+/-2.7% to 78.2+/-5.74 when the interval from weaning to estrus increased from 4 to 10 d. The litter size decreased (P < .05) from 11.7 to 10.6 pigs when the interval from weaning to estrus increased from 4 to 7 d. Compared with a single AI, double AI in sows and gilts resulted in a 4.3 and 7.0% higher (P < .05) farrowing rate, respectively. When the first AI was performed after expected ovulation, reproduction results were lower than when AI was performed before or at expected ovulation in sows. Duration of estrus was not related to farrowing rate or litter size in individual pigs. Number of inseminations per estrus, time of AI, and duration of estrus were correlated, which made it difficult to assess which of these factors was primarily related to the farrowing rate or litter size. Knowledge of average duration of estrus on farms and of factors that influence the duration of estrus on commercial farms can help to improve the efficiency of the AI strategy specific for each farm.  (+info)

The dairy industry spends an inordinate amount of money telling us we need to drink milk. simpler insemination techniques for sheep and goats have enabled farmers to carry out artificial insemination on their animals themselves. the most limiting factor in artificial insemination programs is the proper detection of cows or heifers in estrus. however, success of any ai program requires attention. although artificial insemination (ai) of cattle has been possible for 60 years, this technology has not been used widely in the canadian beef industry. the breeding artificial insemination in animals program may use either artificial insemination (ai) or natural service. huge collection, amazing choice, 100 million high quality, affordable rf and rm images. our adelaide hills based practice has a special interest in equine dentistry, equine artificial insemination, cattle medicine, small animal medicine and pet grooming livestock :: the artificial insemination of farm animals. advantages & disadvantages ...
Development of novel laparoscopic artificial insemination equipment Ting-Chieh Kang. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of three different types of laparoscopic artificial insemination tubes. In the first experiment, we compare the cost, operation time starting from thawing of frozen semen to ready for insemination, and the pregnancy rate, delivery rate, average litter size after laparoscopic artificial insemination. Results showed that the cost and operation time for Germany, French, and self-made tube was 375, 150 and 150 NTD, and 120, 95 and 70 sec, respectively. In addition, laparoscopic artificial insemination with 75 × 106 spermatozoa/mL by using the Germany, French, and self-made tube resulted the pregnancy rate (at day 45 post insemination, detected by ultrasonic) of 38, 57, and 50%, with the delivery rate of 100, 75, and 100%, and the average litter size of 1, 2.3 and 2. In the second experiment, we use self-made tube to inseminate into three different position of ...
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Synonyms for avian artificial insemination in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for avian artificial insemination. 1 synonym for artificial insemination: AI. What are synonyms for avian artificial insemination?
Pioneering work by Quinn and Burrows in the late 1930s led to successful artificial insemination (AI) programs in the domestic poultry industry. A variety of species specific modifications to the Quinn and Burrows massage technique made AI possible in nondomestic birds. Massage semen collection and insemination techniques span the entire range of species from sparrows to ostriches. Also, cooperative semen collection and electroejaculation have found limited use in some nondomestic species. Artificial insemination produces good fertility, often exceeding fertility levels in naturally copulating populations. However, aviculturists should explore other ways to improve fertility before resorting to AI. Artificial insemination is labor intensive and may pose risks to nondomestic birds as well as handlers associated with capture and insemination. Semen collection and AI makes semen cryopreservation and germ plasma preservation possible. Yet, semen cryopreservation techniques need improvement before fertility
The programme which has been rolled out through a partnership between government and the European Union comes after it was established that there are few bulls compared to cows and heifers.. The process is also set to improve the quality of animals through the selection of high breed bull shots to transform the national herd that currently has fewer high breed animals.. We are encouraging and training farmers to adopt artificial insemination to enhance the national head to 6million.. Research officer at the Institute, Mrs Grace Tambo says artificial insemination is an effective way of increasing the national herd whose target is 6 million.. Artificial insemination shortens the breeding time and one ejaculate can serve thousands.. The breeds that are available through the artificial insemination pilot project are the Tuli, Brahman and Africanda, which are conducive to the national habitat in the Matabeleland region ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about artificial insemination at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about artificial insemination easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
NICE is currently consulting on an Addendum to the Fertility Guidelines (No 156) relating to intrauterine insemination. The summary of the rationale for the consultation is as follows: NICE published a guideline on the assessment and treatment of fertility problems in 2004, and this guideline was updated in 2013 https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg156. As part of the 2013 update, recommendations on the use of intrauterine insemination were changed. Concerns were raised about the process that was followed when the recommendations about intrauterine insemination were discussed by the Committee during the 2013 update. This update will reconsider the evidence for intrauterine insemination, with or without ovarian stimulation, compared with expectant management for people with unexplained infertility, mild endometriosis and mild male-factor infertility and whether the 2013 recommendations should be updated.. NICE Addendum to Clinical Guideline 156.Draft for Consultation.2016. BFS will submit a ...
Artificial insemination begins with the collection of semen through masturbation, after 3-5 days of sexual abstinence, and placing the sample in a sterile container to assess the quality and quantity of sperm. Only semen with the following characteristics can be used: volume above 2 mL, pH from 7.2 to 7.8, concentration above 20 million sperm / mL, more than 50% of freely moving sperm and more than 30% of sperm with natural shapes.. About 3-7 days before the day of insemination happens the woman must take an ovulation inducer, such as clomiphene, and 2 additional doses of hCG are still needed 3-6 days after insemination.. The artificial insemination happens as follows: the doctor inserts a vaginal speculum (similar to the one used in the pap smear) and removes the excess cervical mucus present in the womans uterus, then the sperm is deposited. After that the patient must rest for 30 minutes and up to 2 inseminations can be done to increase the chances of pregnancy.. Usually, pregnancy occurs ...
Insemination with donor spermatozoa is an integral part of infertility treatment. For the last 3 years in our unit, intrauterine insemination with donor spermatozoa (IUID) has been used in preference to vaginal insemination. In this retrospective study, patients were offered an initial course of five single intrauterine inseminations with cryopreserved donor spermatozoa and treatment was then reviewed. A total of 389 patients received 1465 inseminations. In all, 1119 cycles were monitored using luteinizing hormone serum analyses and 346 cycles using the urine home test kits. The clinical pregnancy rate per insemination for the cycles monitored by the serum assay was 18.0% (202/1119) compared with the urine cycles (13.7%, 46/346) (P ,05). The pregnancy loss rate was not significantly different (14.4%, 29/202 and 21.7%, 10/46) (serum and urine cycles respectively). The viable clinical pregnancy rate was significantly higher (P ,03) for the serum cycles than for the cycles using the urinary ...
How to Go Through an Artificial Insemination if You Are Single or Lesbian. If you dont have a male partner, but still want a baby, artificial insemination may be something for you. Artificial insemination is the process where sperm is...
The cost of frozen semen insemination is high. The results expected with frozen semen is lower than when using fresh semen. This is even more so when it becomes evident that the frozen semen used is of very poor quality. Unfortunately the veterinarian that has to inseminate the semen is often confronted with the reality that the frozen semen that they thawed does not nearly meet the progressive motility than stated on the paperwork. Unfortunately this fact is only realised on the intended day of insemination. The probability of singleton litters and two pup litters are also somewhat higher than normal. Therefore in all cases we strongly advise the use of a top-up male after the last insemination with the frozen semen. Given the fact that frozen thawed semen is unable to fertilize 12 hours following its deposition into the uterus, it makes perfect sense to inseminate the bitch (through the vagina) using fresh semen at least 12 hours after the last frozen semen insemination but before the bitch ...
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Results of a study conducted to determine the conception rates of Boran cattle following artificial insemination of different times from the onset of induced oestrus compared with artificial insemination following natural oestrus ...
Impact of luteal phase support with vaginal progesterone on the clinical pregnancy rate in intrauterine insemination cycles stimulated with gonadotropins : a randomized multicenter study ...
Intracervical insemination (ICI) is painless and is the easiest and most common insemination technique. It closely replicates the ejaculation of semen by the penis into the vagina during intercourse. ICI involves the introduction of unwashed or raw semen into the vagina at the entrance to the cervix, usually by means of a needleless syringe. It is the simplest type of artificial insemination, and unwashed or raw semen is normally used, but semen supplied by a donor through a sperm bank which has been prepared for IUI use may also be used. The procedure is commonly used in home, self-insemination and practitioner insemination procedures, and for insemination where semen is provided by private donors. In order to perform an ICI insemination, air must be expelled from a needle-less syringe which is then filled with semen which has been allowed to liquify. Any further enclosed air must be removed by gently pressing the plunger forward. The woman lies on her back and the syringe is then inserted into ...
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) or Artificial insemination - How is it performed? What are the chances of success? and how much does IUI cost?
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BACKGROUND Although FIVET and ICSI efficacy and efficiency are continuously increasing, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a very used technique for many different types of sterility. It is also used in male sterility for its cost/benefit positive rate. Pregnancies frequency obtained after IUI in male factor infertility cases, with or without ovarian stimulation, shows the value of this work. METHODS We evaluated 149 insemination cycles in 34 couples with a male infertility diagnosis confirmed after at least 2 semen analysis, according to OMS criteria. All the 34 patients had at least one Fallopian tube open and some spontaneous ovulatory cycle to enter in this study. The patients without biochemical pregnancy signs after 6 intrauterine insemination cycles were induced to multiple ovulations through oral administration of 50 mg of Clomifene citrate from the 5th to the 9th cycle-day or through intramuscular administration of 75 I.U. of FSH from the 5th cycle-day. A luteal support with 200 mg of vaginal
Cliff Lamb, University of Florida - North Florida Research and Education Center, Marianna, FL. Estrous synchronization (ES) and artificial insemination (AI) are reproductive management tools that have been available to beef producers for over 50 years. Synchronization of the estrous cycle has the potential to shorten the calving season, increase calf uniformity, and enhance the possibilities for utilizing AI. Artificial insemination allows producers the opportunity to infuse superior genetics into their operations at costs far below the cost of purchasing a herd sire of similar standards. These tools remain the most important and widely applicable reproductive bio-technologies available for beef cattle operations (Seidel, 1995). However, beef producers have been slow to utilize or adopt these technologies into their production systems.. Current research has focused on the development of methods that effectively synchronize estrous in postpartum (after calving) beef cows and replacement beef ...
The objective of this study was to compare the effect of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) administration on day 5 after artificial insemination (AI) on luteal function. Thirty-three dairy cows were synchronized by the Ovsynch protocol and assigned randomly into 3 equal groups to receive on day 5 after AI 1500UI hCG, 100µg GnRH, and 2mL saline solution (Control), respectively. progesterone concentration (P4) in blood was measured every 3 days from day 5 to 23 after timed AI. Ultrasound examination of ovaries was performed on days -10, 0 (day of AI), 2, 5, 8, 11 and 14. The results revealed a development of an accessory corpus luteum(CL), 100% in the group received GnRH and 90.9% in that received hCG. No accessory corpus luteum in control group was observed. Total luteal tissue area on the ovaries was increased in hCG and GnRH group compared to control. Plasma P4 concentration was significantly (P , 0.05) higher in hCG and GnRH groups than control ...
IUI Attempts. Before trying other forms of assisted reproductive technology (ART), a couple should at least try three attempts of intrauterine insemination. For a female age 40 years or older, or a woman with a low ovarian reserve, IVF should be considered after 1-2 failed IUI attempts. In vitro fertilization has a higher success rate than IUI, so many couples choose to move on to this procedure when IUI fails.. Third Party Reproduction. IUI can be done using donor sperm, which is called donor insemination. Use of another mans sperm is done when the male partners sperm quality is so severely damaged that it cannot be used for IUI or in vitro fertilization. Donor insemination is also an option for single women and lesbian couples who wish to have a baby.. With several fertility centers in Irvine, Glendale, Torrance and Corona, Pacific Reproductive Center provides comprehensive IVF and IUI treatments with incredible success rates. Call us Today!. ...
Intracervical insemination (ICI) simulates the ejaculation of semen by the penis into the vagina during intercourse. It is painless and is the simplest, easiest and most common method of artificial insemination. ICI involves the introduction of unwashed or raw semen into the vagina at the entrance to the cervix, usually by means of a needleless syringe. ICI is commonly used in the home, by self-insemination and practitioner insemination. Raw semen from a private donor may be used for ICI. Semen supplied by a sperm bank prepared for ICI or IUI use is suitable for ICI. It is a popular method amongst single and lesbian women purchasing donor sperm on-line. Since ICI is the method of insemination most closely resembling the effects of sexual intercourse, it is less effective than, for example, IUI where sperm is deposited directly into the uterus, but it still offers a recipient the opportunity to achieve a pregnancy without direct physical contact with the male whose semen is used. It may also be ...
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) - a type of artificial insemination - is a procedure for treating infertility. Sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly in your uterus around the time your ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized. Older types of artificial insemination placed the sperm in the vagina. While this was easier, it was not as successful as the current procedure.
SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment is a global leader in animal husbandry, training, veterinary care and assisted reproductive technologies. SeaWorld incorporates both natural breeding and assisted reproductive technologies within its breeding program to maintain genetically diverse and sustainable populations in cooperation with other zoos. The SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Reproductive Research Center at SeaWorld San Diego has pioneered artificial insemination, sex predetermination and semen preservation technologies for managing zoological populations. Since the worlds first marine mammal was conceived through artificial insemination in February 2000, nearly 50 calves across the globe have been born at SeaWorld Parks and collaborating zoos using this technique. SeaWorld has also been successful with AI in Magellanic penguins, including the worlds first-ever chicks conceived using frozen-then-thawed semen in 2014.. ...
Outline. These notes are additional to the Registration Rules. They provide information for members who wish to use an Artificial Insemination (AI) service and detail how an insemination agent may register with the Society.. It will be considered a breach of the rules to submit a Mating Card when AI procedures have been used to achieve insemination of a bitch. These notes describe the use of an AI Form for such notification. Note: this does not encompass what may be described as an assisted mating. If someone undertakes the transfer of semen from dog to bitch, on the same day, then a normal Mating Card should be used accompanied by a brief statement of what occurred.. Summary. The sire and dam must be registered and comply with the Registration Rules.. If semen is to be obtained and supplied by an Agent, the Agent must agree to the terms of a detailed AI Protocol and make an annual registration as an Affiliated Member. The protocol requires secure identification of dogs and authorisations by ...
Artificial insemination, the introduction of semen into the vagina or cervix of a female by any method other than sexual intercourse. The procedure is widely used in animal breeding and is used in humans when a male is sterile or impotent or when a couple suffers from unexplained infertility (when
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Ewes are seasonally polyestrous short-day breeders with an estrous cycle of approximately 16 - 17 days. In the northern hemisphere ewes have active estrous cycles and are naturally receptive to rams from late September to late December when there is less than 12 hours of daylength. However, progressive sheep breeders often prefer to breed sheep earlier in the year, during periods where there is more than twelve hours of daylength, (July and August) in order to have lambs that are appropriate to target specific show markets. In order to facilitate this out of season breeding and accelerate genetic gain, producers rely on Assisted Reproductive Techniques such as Laparoscopic Artificial Insemination (LAI), ovarian hyper-stimulation, embryo collection from valuable embryo donors, and embryo transfer (ET) into synchronized recipients (1,2,3.) This field trial was conducted during late July through early August in southwest Virginia (latitude 36-3812 N), during a daylight period of about 14 hours. ...
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one alternative for couples undergoing infertility treatment. This procedure is performed to improve a womans chance of getting pregnant. It has been shown that conception rates per attempt are improved if IUI is performed. It is a very commonly performed procedure and is considered a standard part of fertility treatment.. For a woman to get pregnant, a mans sperm must travel from the vagina through the cervix (the narrow, lower part of the uterus), into the uterus and up into one of the fallopian tubes. If sperm arrives in the tubes soon after the release of the egg from the ovary (ovulation), the sperm and egg can meet in the tube, most commonly on the side that ovulation took place, and fertilization may occur.. Because the cervix naturally limits the number of sperm that enter the uterus, only a few sperm actually make their way to the fallopian tubes. Intrauterine insemination is a procedure that bypasses the cervix and places sperm into a womans uterus ...
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure which involves injecting sperm into a womans uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI may be performed both during a natural (unmedicated) or medicated cycle. During a medicated cycle, the woman receives drugs to help stimulate the ovaries & encourage egg production.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a procedure which involves injecting sperm into a womans uterus to facilitate fertilization. IUI may be performed both during a natural (unmedicated) or medicated cycle. During a medicated cycle, the woman receives drugs to help stimulate the ovaries & encourage egg production.
Also known as: Assisted reproductive technologies / In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) / Artificial insemination by donor / Assisted fertilization / Assisted Reproductive Technology / In Vitro Fertilization / Artificial insemination (partner) / Insemination, Artificial, Heterologous / DI - Donor insemination / Artificial insemination (donor) / Assisted fertilisation / In vitro fertilisation / Fertilization in Vitro / Artificial insemination by partner ...
That said many mares are suitable candidates for insemination with frozen semen. If you are in doubt about the suitability of your mare, we are happy to discuss this with you.. We require that all mares be swabbed for CEM and blood tested for EVA before examinations are started.. If you need further advice concerning artificial insemination please do not hesitate to contact us.. Make an appointment ...
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a method of assisted reproduction. Intrauterine insemination is based on introduction of sperm directly into the womans uterus.
Define insemination. insemination synonyms, insemination pronunciation, insemination translation, English dictionary definition of insemination. tr.v. in·sem·i·nat·ed , in·sem·i·nat·ing , in·sem·i·nates 1. To introduce or inject semen into the reproductive tract of . 2. Archaic To sow seed in....
Improving Artificial Insemination Techniques. Use of incorrect A.I. techniques can lower the overall success rate of the A.I. breeding program. At one time, most producers learned correct techniques in semen handling and insemination procedures, but, unfortunately, many have developed some bad habits. Reviewing proper procedures should help eliminate some of those common mistakes.. Maintenance of Semen Tank and A.I. Equipment. Keep semen tanks in a secure, clean, dry place away from corrosive chemicals. Your tanks location should allow for easy moving for filling with liquid nitrogen. Store tanks in a visible place, and frequently monitor the nitrogen level. Only store about a 6-month supply of semen. Make sure your investment is insured and secure.. Always check the semen inventory list before removing semen from a tank to make sure each time that the correct canister is used. Do not lift semen above the frost line in the neck of the nitrogen tank. Dangerous temperatures exist in the upper ...
Ovulation is triggered mainly by two types of medications; HCG, which is available as Ovidrel, Gonasi or Pregnyl and Suprecur which is an analogue trigger. Both triggers act in different ways. The HCG trigger mimics the LH hormone (the hormone that starts the process of ovulation). When we look at the efficacy of this, often in IVF, we use an analogue trigger to lower the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Though when we use this trigger, we know that freezing of embryos gives us a much better pregnancy rate, while using HCG gives a much better pregnancy rate during a fresh cycle.. Often it is asked, what if we give this during an intrauterine insemination cycle and use a Suprecur trigger when a woman gets more than three or four follicles? A study published in Fertility and Sterility in 2017 looked at randomising women who were given the analogue trigger which is Suprecur, and doing IUI along with an HCG trigger, and what that demonstrated is that even when nature was used to its ...
Insemination definition, n. - The introduction of semen into the genital tract of a female; The act of sowing (of seeds in the ground or, figuratively, of germs in the body or ideas in the mind, etc.).. See more.
It is the time of year in the Midwest when breeding soundness exams and artificial insemination programs are everyday events. Great strides have been made in the last few years in the design and products available that make use of timed AI programs not only easy to implement but highly effective. We use timed AI programs routinely in our practice. In beef herds there is a huge savings in labor due to the convenience of being able to pre determine weeks in advance what day the herd will need to be gathered for chute work. This tool has allowed us to implement AI in commercial herds that would not have heat detected and bred after observed heats. The convenience factor of AI in my opinion is seen on both ends of gestation. It is a huge advantage to have 60% of your cows bred on day 1 of the breeding season strictly for labor and convenience. There are also economic reasons why this is beneficial. If you are able to breed 60% AI (I tell my producers to hope for , than 60 but to expect 60 or ,) and ...
Reduction in the frequency of undesirable recessive genes is examined for several combinations of initial gene frequencies and number of offspring obtained by random mating of young sires to the population. Only sires not having affected offspring are then returned to heavy use. Such selection can very rapidly reduce the number of affected offspring, if the initial gene frequency is high or if the number of tested offspring is 200-500 for lower gene frequencies. For some combinations, frequency of affected offspring in the population is higher after two or three generations of selection than in the first generation of selection. With high initial gene frequencies, practically all heterozygous males are detected and culled during the test period, resulting in practically no affected offspring in the first generation. The population gene frequency remains relatively high, due to the influence of the unselected females. In the next generation the heterozygous males are not detected with high probability
ETschools 1 day hands-on Artificial Insemination Training Course teaches estrous synchronization, palpating the cervix, and negotiating the AI gun through the cervix. We also supply an excellent AI Management Manual.
Semi-Rigid Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Device 1-mL Syringe Semen collection tube Specimen cup Disposable Speculum Cervical cup (Soft) Set of gloves Packet of lubrication jelly Tenderneeds Fertility Ovulation Test (Qty 7) Tenderneeds Fertility
Artificial insemination sweeps the college. On Friday, April 15, William Swanson, director of artificial insemination at the Cincinnati Zoo and Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife (CREW), gave a seminar on artificial insemination as part of the Christina Difonzo Biology Seminar Series. CREW is an organization that specializes in conserving the lives of endangered animals...
Current artificial insemination (AI) laboratory practices assess semen quality of each boar ejaculate to decide which ones to process into AI doses. This decision is aided with two, world-wide used, motility parameters that come available through computer assisted semen analysis (CASA). This decision process, however, still results in AI doses with variable and sometimes suboptimal fertility outcomes (e.g., small litter size). The hypothesis was that the decision which ejaculates to process into AI doses can be improved by adding more data from CASA systems, and data from other sources, in combination with a data-driven model. Available data consisted of ejaculates that passed the initial decision, and thus, were processed into AI doses and used to inseminate sows. Data were divided into a training set (6793 records) and a validation set (1191 records) for model development, and an independent test set (1434 records) for performance assessment. Gradient Boosting Machine (GBM) models were ...
Timor deer (Cerrnus limoremis) is the native tropical deer in Indonesia and is one of 20 wild animals which have been domesticated fairly recently for meat production (Kyle, 1994). As a newly domesticated fm animal which is highly potential and prospective as a source of animal protein, efforts should be taken into account to increase its population and productivity through the application of appropriate reproductive technology, particularly artificial insemination (Al). Prerequisite for the application of A1 technology in timor deer is an intensive study of its biology of reproduction. A series of research activities have been conducted to study the biology of reproduction and AI of the tirnar deer, encompassing the pattern of antler developmental cycle in relation to testosterone hormone profile and sperm production of the stag, anatomy of reproductive organs of the stag and hind, semen characteristics. preservation, and cryopreservation of the tirnor stag semen, estrous cycle and profile of ...
Experiments on the physiology of the spermatozoon are in progress in which artificial insemination is used as a test of fertility. One of the variables which enters into the technique is the number of spermatozoa introduced into the vagina of the female. This number will depend upon the density of the suspension (i. e., the number of spermatozoa per cubic centimetre) and the volume. The following experiments were undertaken to test the effect of varying the density of the suspension, the volume being constant. Apart from solving a problem of technique it was hoped to gain information on some of the factors which affect fertility or sterility under normal breeding, since it is conceivable that here also the number or density of the ejaculated spermatozoa may play a part. ...
Find information about both male and female infertility. Explore artificial insemination methods, such as In Vitro Fertilization. Find advice on financing infertility treatments.
Geese are seasonal reproductive animal from Oct. to Mar. next year. Geese dividing into individual cage for breeding study are needed. It is also need a lot of labor for the breeding study. The purpose of this study was to develop an artificial insemination shelf to save labor. The result showed that we need only a person for semen collection using the shelf for gander semen collection, but the traditional method three people were needed. The shelf was also tried to use on female geese for artificial insemination. The female geese were also can be fixed well by the shelf. But it still has some problems on the female artificial insemination. ...
To evaluate an artificial insemination program in postpartum Bos indicus cows and by using deterministic models, to estimate the possible economic advantages of insemination by appointment over detected estrus, sixty-three multiparous animals were synchronized using a progestagen device inserted at day 31 and withdrawn after 9 days (average time for withdrawal was 40.9 ± 6.8 days). Cows were observed continuously from 0700 to 1800 during 72 h. The percentage of animals detected positive to estrus by riding behavior was 43.4%, transrectal palpation, 22% and heat detector patches, 4.6%. The percentage of cows ovulating as evidenced by progesterone samples taken at 9 and 11 days after the average estrus response was 73%. The economical assessment by using the values obtained in the present study afforded that the cost of semen, ovulation rate and fertility point to a definitive advantage of using AI at fixed time over a program based on estrus detection.
Many tools are available to the fertility specialist for treating male infertility.In mild cases, super-ovulation (a procedure in which the wife is given fertility drugs to stimulate formation of multiple eggs, thus increasing the possibility that any one will fertilize) with Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). With IUI, the husbands semen is washed, capacitated and concentrated and then injected directly into the uterus. When auto-immune factors are present, the sperm are first purified in a technique called sperm washing.. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is also frequently utilized to treat severe male factor infertility or in cases where superovulation and insemination has not been successful.. Recently, two high-tech breakthroughs have increased the odds significantly for couples with severe male infertility undergoing IVF:. Utilizing ICSI (pronounced icksy), which stands for IntraCytoplasmic Sperm Injection, a single sperm is all that is needed. It can be injected, using microscopic ...
article{8500859, abstract = {The aims of our field study in dairy cows were (1) to consolidate cytotape (CT) as a valid technique to diagnose cytological endometritis (CYTO) during artificial insemination (AI); (2) to establish a cutoff point concerning the polymorphonuclear cells (PMN) proportion to diagnose CYTO at AI; (3) to assess the prevalence of CYTO at AI; and (4) to evaluate the effect of CYTO on the pregnancy outcome of that AI. The investigation was performed using 1,625 AI-CT samples harvested from 873 Holstein-Friesian cows from 18 dairy farms in the Flemish region of Belgium. The CT device consisted of adapting a 1.5-cm piece of paper tape on the top of a conventional AI catheter covered with a double guard sheet, allowing an endometrial cytology sample to be taken when performing an AI. A receiving operator characteristic curve was built to assess the threshold level above which the PMN proportion significantly affected the AI success. Multilevel generalized mixed-effect models ...
Artificial Insemination. Artificial Insemination (AI) is a deliberate injection of spermatozoa into oviduct for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through fertilisation by means of other than copulation. Artificial insemination is a common practice in the breeding of cattles to increase the number of animals like cows, sheeps, and etc. For rhinos, AI is a relatively new reproduction technic - this technic was first implemented in Hongaria in 2006 - yet, it has been implemented frequently to rhinos. SRS, through this breeding program, has applied Artificial Insemination method to female rhinos (namely Bina and Rosa) and will probably apply it to another rhino (namely Ratu). As already known, Bina and Rosa havent bred yet during their staying in SRS.. Andalas semen collection. Male Sumatran Rhino, Andalas, has been proven to be productive and able to produce good quality of spermatozoa. Within one year, SRS has successfully collected Andalas semen for 80 straws and stored it in nitrogen liquid ...
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is one of many treatments provided to infertility patients. Many factors such as, but not limited to, quality of semen, the age of a woman, and reproductive hormone levels contribute to infertility. Therefore, the aim of our study is to establish a statistical probability concerning the prediction of which groups of patients have a very good or poor prognosis for pregnancy after IUI insemination. For that purpose, we compare the results of two analyses: Cluster Analysis and Kohonen Neural Networks. The k-means algorithm from the clustering methods was the best to use for selecting patients with a good prognosis but the Kohonen Neural Networks was better for selecting groups of patients with the lowest chances for pregnancy ...
The growing infertility has caused an increase in the number of patients who opt for artificial insemination in Azerbaijan, Zinyat Muradova, an official of the Scientific-Research Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology under the Ministry of Health, told APA. She noted that the causes of infertility are different. In our country, the cases of infertility are most associated with men. Infections in men and their way of life can be indicated as the causes of infertility, added Muradova.. According to her, one of the key points of the correct course of pregnancy is the timely identification of risk factors (socio-biological, obstetric-gynecological and extragenital factors).. Biological factors include the age of mother and father, bad habits, body weight, while gynecological factors include miscarriages, caesarean surgery, infertility and others, and extragenital factors include detection of urine, lung, cardiovascular diseases. If these are not detected in a timely manner, pregnancy may end. If ...
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Scientists have been able to use artificial insemination to bring 97 shark pups to life, a new study published in Scientific Reports revealed, in what a release describes as the largest-ever effort to artificially inseminate sharks.
BACKGROUND: Improving the reproductive performance of dairy cows requires manipulation of estrus using estrus synchronization protocols. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of reducing the length of estrus synchronization protocol by using two doses of prostaglandin injection on reproductive performance of Holstein dairy cows. METHODS: At first, all cows received GnRH (day 0), PGF2α on day 7, and GnRH on day 17. Then, cows assigned randomly to one of 3 groups: Group 1) PGF2α injection on days 22 and 23, estradiol benzoate injection on day 24. Group 2) PGF2α injection on days 23 and 24, estradiol benzoate injection on day 25. Group 3) Control group; injection of PGF2α on day 24, injection of estradiol benzoate on day 25. Estrus detection was performed twice a day up to 48 hours (AM/PM) using signs of estrus and fixed time AI protocol was used after 48 hours (if not previously inseminated). RESULTS: Conception rate in group 2 were significantly higher than control group (P≤
The EAZI-BREED CIDR is commonly used in estrous synchronization protocols for both beef heifers and cows. The label calls for insertion of a progesterone-impregnated controlled internal drug release (CIDR) for 7 consecutive days with an injection of prostaglandin F2α given a day before CIDR removal. Animals should display estrus 1 to 3 days after CIDR removal. Modifications to this protocol include administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) at the time of CIDR insertion and administration of the prostaglandin injection at the time of CIDR removal on day 7. Use of GnRH in conjunction with a CIDR may improve estrous synchronization in beef cows and fertility at fixed-time insemination but may not be necessary when synchronizing beef heifers. Our objective was to compare heat response and fertility in heifers with or without GnRH administration at the time of CIDR insertion. Our hypothesis was that heifer fertility would be similar between treatments ...
0008] In the above described embodiment, the following features, or any combination thereof, apply. In the above described embodiment, 1) the swine can be a postpartum sow; 2) the swine can be a gilt; 3) the insemination can be an artificial insemination; 4) the insemination can be through natural breeding; 5) ovulation can be synchronized; 6) the hormone can be administered in an amount effective to stimulate ovarian follicle ovulation; 7) the dose of the hormone can be administered using a method selected from the group consisting of use of a deposition catheter, manual administration, and injection; 8) the swine can be inseminated about 15 to about 18 hours after administration of the hormone; 9) the swine can be inseminated about 18 hours after administration of the hormone; 10) the pregnancy rate of the swine can be increased relative to a swine to which no hormone is administered; 11) the litter size of the swine can be increased relative to a swine to which no hormone is administered; 12) ...
This report describes the first case of superfetation after ovarian stimulation with gonadotrophins and intrauterine insemination (IUI) that were performed in the presence of an undiagnosed tubal pregnancy. A 32-year-old woman who underwent repeated
In second experiment, a total of 114 lactating Bangladeshi Indigenous buffalo cows were used to study the efficiency of Ovsynch protocol for oestrous and fertility after AI with frozen semen of Italian Mediterranean buffaloes. The effect of some factors such as follicles and corpus luteum numbers, postpartum period on the fertility of synchronized Bangladeshi water buffaloes was also studied. Buffaloes were selected from two different areas in Bangladesh and were divided into three groups. Buffaloes of each group were subdivided as AM and PM according to time of administration of hormones of synchronization protocols. Among three groups, higher pregnancy rate (78% in AM) was observed in buffaloes of Group-3 where Ovsynch protocol was combined with a third GnRH injection at the time of AI. Similar to first experiment, we observed higher pregnancy rate (74 %) in buffaloes received induction treatment and insemination at AM time than that of PM counterpart (63%). Regarding the post-partum days, ...
If youre struggling to get pregnant, you might be wondering when to try a different method. Heres when intrauterine insemination (IUI) can help you with y
132 male partners were normozoospermic with count , 20X106 sperm per ml, ,50% motile with forward progression (categories a and b) within 60 min of ejaculation and , 60% morphologically normal spermatozoa (WHO criteria) [7]. Male partners with sperm count ranging from 10X106 to 20X106 were asked to produce a second semen sample within 2 hours of the first sample on the day of insemination. Sixty-eight males having sub fertility as per WHO criteria did consent to the study. However 04 could not produce a second sample at the time of IUI, and 1 patient had total sperm immotility and was excluded from the study. A fresh ejaculate was delivered in a sterile 60 ml jar by masturbation on the day of insemination. Neat semen was left at room temperature for liquefaction for 30 minutes.The liquefied semen samples were analyzed for density and motility using a fixed-depth counting chamber (Makler). The liquefied ejaculate was transferred to a labeled sterile 14 ml round-bottomed disposable centrifuge tube ...
Genetic improvement of farm animals is a prime concern over the years for researchers. Several reproductive technologies have been employed to achieve this. Assisted reproductive technologies like Artificial insemination, Superovulation, In vitro Fertilization, Embryo Transfer have been introduced to overcome reproductive problems, to increase the offspring from selected females and to reduce the generation intervals in farm animals. The progress achieved during the last few years in the assisted reproductive technologies field has been phenomenal. Artificial Insemination (AI) is the most effective method being used for the genetic improvement of animals. Reproductive capacity and efficiency has been improved tremendously since the introduction of artificial insemination. The development of cloning using various cells from the animal body has created opening of a fascinating scientific arena. These technologies have been propounded as saviors of indigenous livestock breeds. These alternative ...
An insemination procedure uses a thin, flexible tube (catheter) to put sperm into the womans reproductive tract. For some couples with infertility problems, insemination can improve the chances of pregnancy.. Donor sperm are used if the male partner is sterile, has an extremely low sperm count, or carries a risk of genetic disease. A woman planning to conceive without a male partner can also use donor sperm.. Prior to insemination, the sperm usually are washed and concentrated (placing unwashed sperm directly into the uterus can cause severe cramps). Concentration is accomplished by selectively choosing highly active, healthy sperm that are more capable of fertilizing an egg.. ...
Fertilization has been achieved in superovulated brushtail possums and tammar wallabies after laparoscopic intrauterine artificial insemination. Various superovulation protocols and insemination times were examined but a maximum of 2-5 eggs […]. ...
The GnRH-induced ovulation of small dominant follicles was associated with reduced pregnancy rates and late embryonic/fetal survival around the time of embryo-uterine attachment. PAGs are secreted by binucleated trophoblast cells into the maternal circulation and have been used to monitor placental function and embryo/fetal mortality. The overall objective was to examine the relationship between ovulatory follicle size and circulating concentrations of bPAG. Postpartum cows were treated with the CO-Synch protocol and timed artificial insemination and classified into one of four groups based on the size of the follicle induced to ovulate at GnRH-2. There was an effect of treatment on pregnancy rates at d 30 post insemination with pregnancy rate being higher following GnRH-induced ovulation of 14 to 15 mm compared to 12 to 13 mm follicles. The first increase in bPAG occurred on d 24. There was an effect of day on bPAG but no effect of ovulatory follicle size or ovulatory follicle size by day ...
Repeat breeders cause substantial loss in dairy herds mainly affecting the reproductive efficiency and economy of milk production in cattle and buffaloes. A study was conducted in cattle farms of various farmers of three districts of Central Region of Nepal; Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur during March-August 2016. A total of 20 repeat breeder cows were selected for the trial. Repeat breeder cows were identified based on the history of at least three repeated breeding at an interval of around three weeks. We applied Ovsynch protocol where two reproductive hormones; Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) and Prostaglandin (PGF2α) were injected. Pregnancy was initially diagnosed by Biopryn Test kit using serum samples. Rectal examination confirmed pregnancy after 2 months of artificial insemination (AI). 16 cows expressed clear estrus signs during fixed time AI. 5 (83.3%) out of 6 cows with cystic ovary expressed estrus at the time of fixed time AI. 4 (66.7%) of these cows became ...
Effect of increasing equilibration time of diluted bull semen up to 72 h prior to freezing on sperm quality parameters and calving rate following artificial insemination in Theriogenology 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2017.11.034 ...
Motile sperm are separated from dead sperm and other cells through the use of viscous solution. We will ask that the male partner bring or produce his specimen for our laboratory several hours prior to the IUI procedure.. Approximately 2 hours are required to process the sperm. After preparation, the sperm concentrate is placed through the cervix into the uterus by using a thin, flexible catheter. The time required for insemination is appx. 5-10 minutes. The patient may experience mild cramping during the procedure but this symptom should resolve shortly after the procedure is completed. It is not necessary to remain on the examination table after the procedure and it is possible to immediately resume usual activities. There is a small risk of infection following this procedure (,1%).. We require that all women interested in IUI treatment have blood testing of ovarian reserve (i.e. day 3 FSH and estradiol levels) regardless of her age. Also, as mentioned above, a hystero - salpingogram should be ...
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1. Watson PF, Plummer JM. The responses of boar sperm membranes to cold shock and cooling. In: Johnson LA, Larsson K, eds. Proceedings of the First International Conference on Deep Freezing of Boar Semen. Uppsala, Sweden: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. 1985;113-127. 2. Westendorf P, Richter L, Treu H. Zur Tiefgefrierung von Ebersperma: Labor-und Besamungsergebnisse mit dem Hulsenberger Pailletten-Verfahren [Deep freezing of boar semen. Laboratory and insemination results using the Hulsenberger paillett method]. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift. 1975;82:261-300. 3. Martín S. Artificial insemination in pigs: possibilities of future improvement in reproductive performance. Medicina Veterinaria. 1987;4:199-208. 4. Salamon S. Deep freezing of boar semen. 3. Effects of centrifugation, diluent and dilution rate, pellet volume, and method of thawing on survival of spermatozoa. Austral J Biol Sci. 1973;26:239-247. 5. Schrader R, Treu H, Hahn R. Deep freezing of boar semen in plastic ...
Artificial insemination refers to the introduction of semen into the vagina, uterus, or oviduct by a means other than sexual intercourse. When the procedure is performed using sperm from a man other than the patients partner, it is termed therapeuti
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A 1966 graduate in Dairy Science, Marshall is vice president of Select Sires Inc., of Plain City, Ohio, the largest bovine artificial insemination company in the world.. After receiving his masters degree from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in 1968, Marshall started as a laboratory technician and field technician supervisor for Virginia Animal Breeders, one of several cooperatives that federated to create Select Sires. He went on to manage a semen-processing laboratory in Michigan before being promoted to become Select Sires reproduction specialist in Ohio in 1972 and vice president of production and research in 1989.. Marshall received the 2010 National Association of Animal Breeders Pioneer Award for his leadership in developing procedures to critically evaluate semen quality, to process and use semen, to maximize post-thaw quality with straw packaging, and to utilize semen sex sorting.. As artificial insemination evolved from a veterinary applied skill to a service ...
Makerere University College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (MUCAES) has announced that it has successfully completed its pig artificial insemination trial
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Shawn Winsor describes the importance of surveying patients and providers regarding their experiences of Ontarios new publicly-funded IVF program. __________________________________________ Recently, Ontario became the second Canadian province, after Quebec, to broadly fund fertility services. Currently, the Government of Ontario funds unlimited rounds of artificial insemination including intrauterine insemination (IUI) and one in vitro fertilization (IVF)…
The University of Minnesota Beef Team has created a Estrus Synch Planner, available on CD. It is a user-friendly Excel spreadsheet designed to customize a breeding schedule utilizing estrus synchronization (ES) and artificial insemination (AI). The planner consists of five worksheets including a planner worksheet, printout worksheet and a printable calendar. The planner provides tips and program overviews, optional supporting papers and a list of 22 ES protocols described in detail. The planner worksheet allows customization of a specific breeding season using any of the ES protocols with the capabilities of choosing breeding date, type of AI method, product cost and preferred time of day to AI. The reports give detailed cost of the protocol, operating cost and cost analysis with varying estrous responses and conception rates, based on the number of head synchronized. A detailed calendar is created with capabilities of printing your customized calendar, along with tips to achieve optimal ...
Embryo Transfer Technology (ETT) plays an important role in improving productivity of dairy cattle ( Bos indicus ). Embryo Transfer Technology allows top quality female livestock to improve a herd or flock in much the same way that artificial insemination has allowed greater use of superior sires. The technology hastens genetic enhancement by virtue of its capacity to reduce generation interval and is also useful in progeny testing programmes. A retrospective study analysed conception rates data collected over a period of six years, from 2007 to 2012. A total of 115 embryos had been transferred during that period. The factors affecting conception rates (CR) included embryo developmental stage, deposit site and stage of recipient in days after estrus. The deposit site had a significant effect on CR (χ 2 =0.27395; p<0.05). The quality and stage of the embryo development influenced the CR. Generally, CR reduced as the growth of the embryo. Days after estrus also significantly affected the CR, whereby
Education and advice for those considering or doing In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) or Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) treatments and answers to questions you may have about conditions affecting pregnancy. ...
The lateral flow test (LFT) is an immunochromatographic method that utilises an immunostrip for non-laboratory diagnostic purposes. The present study evaluated a milk progesterone LFT against the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) to confirm oestrus and a non-pregnancy diagnosis. In total, 277 milk samples from 70 cows were analysed, collected on the day of artificial insemination and at 19 days, 21 days and 24 days post insemination. The level of accuracy of the LFT compared with the EIA was 95.0 per cent for milk samples containing ,2 ng/ml progesterone and 97.0 per cent for milk samples containing ,10 ng/ml progesterone. The validation of oestrus by the LFT was 98.6 per cent accurate using 2 ng/ml progesterone as the EIA estimate for oestrus. The test performance for a non-pregnancy diagnosis was subject to the day of milk sampling, showing the highest accuracy on day 24 post insemination for both tests. When optimised for maximum specificity, and compared with rectal palpation, the LFT had a ...
There are several fertility treatment options available, thanks to modern medicine. But which one to choose could be a tough decision. The top fertility doctor in Glendale at Pacific Reproductive Center shares the top signs that you should choose in vitro fertilization or IVF as your fertility treatment. Tubal blockage. A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) can reveal tubal blockage. Blocked fallopian tubes are unable to let the ovum and the sperm fertilize making fertilization impossible. IVF is the treatment of choice for women with blocked fallopian tubes, says the leading fertility doctor in Irvine.. Male factor infertility. Patients with less than 10 million total motile sperm are advised to consider IVF.Semen analysis is done to assess sperm quality and quantity.. History of failed insemination cycles. If there is a history of repeated failed intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles, IVF is recommended by the best fertility doctor in Glendale at Pacific Reproductive Center. This is also dependent on ...
The Pregnancy Outcomes Comparison on Natural or Controlled Ovarian Stimulation Cycles in Intrauterine Insemination Treatment: An Analysis of 8,893 Cycles Objective: To e..
Optimizing CL regression in specific groups of cows may be particularly challenging; hence, new alternatives should be explored to increase CL regression during the TAI protocols. The current study is the first to show the effect of administrating the luteolytic dose of PG in two injections on days 5 and 6 of the TAI protocol after of estrus expression comparing to the Cosynch protocol in a large dairy herd. This is the first study to demonstrate that the two PG injections can increase P/AI in different seasons without any P4 supplementation.. As in the previous study (Alnimer and Ababneh, 2014), the interval between the PG injection and the start of the treatment was an approach that simulated Presynch 14 protocol with one less PG injection and increased stage synchronization at the beginning of the protocols (Moreira et al., 2001; Vasconcelos et al., 1999). However, the interval from the setup injection of PG on Day 30 pp to the detection of estrus in the EPG-PG and ECO-72 groups complicated ...
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The department of Animal and Range Sciences maintains three purebred cattle herds for the purpose of teaching, research, and demonstration. The Angus herd was initiated in 1979. The majority of this herd is maintained at the Corona Range and Livestock Research Center (CRLRC) in central New Mexico under the management of Mr. Gene Parker with the remainder of the herd being maintained at the Chihuahuan Desert Rangeland Research Center (CDRRC) near Las Cruces under the direction of Mr. Brian Samson. The Brangus herd which was initiated in 1966 and the Brahman herd which was initiated in 1999 are maintained at the CDRRC. All mature cows in these herds are managed as range cattle with limited supplementation and assistance at calving. Breeding season for the mature cows in the Angus herd at the CRLRC begins in June and involves estrus synchronization and artificial insemination followed by a 45-day clean-up period. Breeding season for the mature cows at the CDRRC involves natural service mating from ...
Artificial insemination. Contraception 138.........................................Sterilization of women 159-208 ... Artificial organs 137-145...................................Surgery in childhood, adolescence, pregnancy, old age 151-498 ...
She was a pioneer of artificial insemination by husband (AIH) and Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID) for married couples ... Archbishop of Canterbury's Commission on Artificial Human Insemination (1948). Artificial Human Insemination: The Report of a ... a process known as artificial insemination by husband, or AIH. Artificial insemination by donor, AID, was even more contentious ... Artificial human insemination was seen as posing social and legal threats to the institution of marriage and the status of ...
"Artificial Insemination of the Mare". Equine Artificial Insemination. Pomeroy, Ross (June 24, 2013). "Finally: A Way to Collect ... Artificial insemination is used to produce the desired offspring from individuals who don't mate naturally to reduce effects of ... Many researchers have turned to artificial insemination in an attempt to increase the populations of endangered animals. It may ... "Giant Panda Undergoes Artificial Insemination Procedure at the Sand Diego Zoo". Zoonooz. 2015-03-11. " ...
Artificial inseminationEdit. Artificial insemination (AI) has several advantages over live cover, and has a very similar ... or by artificial insemination (AI) with fresh or frozen (not dried) semen. No other artificial fertility treatment is allowed. ... Artificial Insemination (AI): the mare is inseminated by a veterinarian or an equine reproduction manager, using either fresh, ... Artificial insemination, listed below, is not permitted.[21] Similar rules apply in other countries.[22] ...
... has prompted many dairy farmers to restrict themselves to artificial insemination (AI) of the cows.[34] Semen is removed from ...
Artificial inseminationEdit. In an interview before the death of Pope Paul VI in 1978 when asked for his reaction to the birth ... Luciani expressed concerns about the possibility that artificial insemination could lead to women being used as "baby factories ...
"A.I.: Artificial Insemination". Will & Grace. Season 4. May 16, 2002. 22 minutes in. National Broadcasting Company. Retrieved ... Artificial Insemination Part 2", as God. The singer also performed the track during the first leg of the Living Proof: The ...
"A.I.: Artificial Insemination". Will & Grace. Season 4. May 16, 2002. 22 minutes in. National Broadcasting Company. CS1 maint: ... Artificial Insemination Part 2", as God. The single was also performed during the 50th American Bandstand. Cher embarked on her ...
Semen production and artificial insemination. BAIF Development Research Foundation.[2] Howard, Connie (2000). In Gandhi's ...
"Artificial insemination only in marriage". RTL Televizija (in Croatian). 28 May 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2012. "Revised Law on ... Martić, Petra (17 July 2009). "Common-law partners right to artificial insemination". Deutsche Welle (in Croatian). Retrieved ... ISTAKNUO, MILINOVIĆ (11 March 2009). "The government observes the Church's position on artificial insemination". Vijesti (in ... Artificial Insemination". RTL Televizija (in Croatian). 16 July 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2012. ...
Artificial insemination: intrauterine insemination. 31.3.1.2 Gonadotropins. New York, New York: Springer. p. 489. doi:10.1007/ ...
Artificial insemination was increasingly common. To a certain extent, cattle raising reflected the disparities in agriculture ...
Semen production and artificial insemination. BAIF Development Research Foundation.[4] Howard, Connie (2000). In Gandhi's ...
ISBN 978-1-78064-442-4. Juan C. Samper (1 January 2009). Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination. Elsevier ...
Objectives To expand Artificial Insemination to cover entire breedable population at farmer's doorstep aiming at productivity ... Maintenance of quality Artificial Insemination services. Standardizing methodology of AI and designing of training programmes. ... To channelize all the inputs needed to provide Artificial Insemination facility. To regulate and ensure quality control of ... a massive programme of Breed Improvement through door step Artificial insemination is launched by Government of India under the ...
"Successful artificial insemination of an Asian elephant at the National Zoological Park." Zoo Biology 23.1 (2004): 45-63. ... "Artificial insemination in canids: a useful tool in breeding and conservation." Theriogenology 71.1 (2009): 190-199. I. Gordon ... Juan C. Samper (2009). Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination. Elsevier Health Sciences. pp. 38-. ISBN 978-1- ... for the purposes of artificial insemination, or medical study (usually in fertility clinics). Semen can be collected via ...
... artificial insemination, egg donation, and adoption; assisted suicide; donations of ill-gotten gain; and violent or defamatory ...
"Artificial Insemination, Egg Donation and Adoption." New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1994. EH 1:3.1994. In Responsa: 1991-2000: ... duty of the children of artificial insemination to honor their social parents; implications of the duty to honor parents for ...
Browne C. Lewis (2012). Papa's Baby: Paternity and Artificial Insemination. p. 136. Louise I. Gerdes (2009). Reproductive ...
"Artificial Insemination, Egg Donation and Adoption." New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1994. EH 1:3.1994. In Responsa: 1991-2000: ...
Artificial insemination, although previously theorized, only in 1784 the first artificial insemination in a viviparous animal ... More than 100 years later, in 1784, the first artificial insemination in a dog was reported by the scientist Lazzaro ... Ombelet, W.; Van Robays, J. (2015). "Artificial insemination history: hurdles and milestones". Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn. ... Interested in questions about generation, Spallanzani performed the first artificial insemination of a viviparous animal, a ...
"First orangutan born through artificial insemination". aljazeera.com. "Giraffe born at non-profit Greenwich breeding reserve". ... Artie the Orangutan - In the spring of 2014 baby Artie was born, the first ever orangutan born through artificial reproductive ...
An erection is necessary for natural insemination as well as for the harvesting of sperm for artificial insemination. Erections ... Juan C. Samper (2009). Equine Breeding Management and Artificial Insemination. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-1-4160-5234-0 ...
However, IVF and artificial insemination are available to lesbian couples in the country. There are no laws protecting LGBT ... 1] [2] "Artificial Insemination in Panama". www.health-tourism.com. "Reproductive Laws in Panama « Global IVF Directory". ...
John Hunter pioneered artificial insemination. 1796. Edward Jenner pioneered smallpox inoculation with cowpox virus. 1800. The ... The first artificial cardiac pacemaker. 1955. The first separation operation for conjoined twins. 1961. The cochlear implant ... The Jarvik-7 artificial heart was successfully installed. 1983. Robot-assisted surgery began with Arthrobot in Vancouver. 1985 ... The first self-contained artificial heart, AbioCor. 2001. The first remote surgery, using the ZEUS robotic surgical system. ...
Motoyasu, M.; I. Yoshiyuki; K. Shigenori; I. Haruyuki & I. Tooru (2003). "Artificial insemination of the cloudy catshark". ... Masuda Motoyashi and colleagues used this species to perform the first successful artificial insemination of a shark or ray. ...
"Artificial Insemination, Egg Donation and Adoption." New York: Rabbinical Assembly, 1994. EH 1:3.1994. In Responsa: 1991-2000: ... implications of the definition of a firstborn child for who is the mother of a child born by artificial insemination). Mayer ...
Chu-lin was the first panda born in captivity using artificial insemination in Europe The zoo is now home to giant pandas Bing ... They were conceived via artificial insemination. There is a small group of koalas living in the zoo. These animals are kept in ...
These techniques (heterologous artificial insemination and fertilization) [...] betray the spouses' 'right to become a father ...
Artificial insemination is a mechanism in which spermatozoa are deposited into the reproductive tract of a female. Artificial ... During artificial insemination, semen is most frequently deposited intra-vaginally by means of a plastic syringe. In order for ... Artificial insemination has allowed many farmers to incorporate selected genes into their stock, increasing their genetic ... Vishwanath, R. (January 15, 2003). "Artificial insemination: the state of the art". Theriogenology. 59 (2): 571-584. doi: ...
Besides, it operated as a bank as well as a plant for artificial insemination. The original function of the company was ...
On the other hand, since the advent of DNA testing to verify parentage, most breed registries now allow artificial insemination ... but by means of artificial insemination or embryo transfer, cannot be registered in the Thoroughbred studbook. ... These inherited traits are usually the result of a combination of natural crosses and artificial selection methods aimed at ...
Artificial insemination *sperm donation. *Cryopreservation *embryos. *oocyte. *ovarian tissue. *semen. *Gamete intrafallopian ...
... as is improving access to artificial insemination.[289] ...
Artificial insemination. *Fertility medication. *In vitro fertilisation. *Fertility awareness. *Unintended pregnancy. Testing. ...
Artificial insemination (AI) is common in all high-production herds in order to improve the genetics of the female offspring ... In most other countries, the range of cheeses is smaller and the use of artificial cheese curing is greater. Whey is also the ...
They have attempted to produce a bull for this herd by artificial insemination of their aged prize heifer with 45-year-old ...
... methods for preparing sperm for artificial insemination, which have been of major economic importance. ...
Vagina Human fertilization Assisted reproductive technology Artificial insemination Fertility medication In vitro fertilisation ...
However, the steps to be followed before and after insemination are the same. In terms of insemination, ICSI needs one only ... 1990 Mar 24;335(8691):722-3. Twin birth after subzonal insemination. Fishel S, Antinori S, Jackson P, Johnson J, Lisi F, ...
When permitted by a breed registry, use of artificial insemination is another technique that may reduce behavior problems in ...
"Mexico's first artificial insemination wolf cubs born". BBC News. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2017. "A 30 AÑOS DE ... The Chapultepec Zoo is involved with various conservation projects, using both natural and artificial methods. With this ...
In 1999, Tilikum began training for artificial insemination (AI). In early 2000, Kasatka who resided at SeaWorld San Diego was ... On May 3, 2002, another female in San Diego, named Takara, bore Tilikum's calf through artificial insemination. Tilikum was ...
... to a Bloodhound bitch named Inoculation through artificial insemination in order to create a heavier basset in England in the ...
Treatment may include ovulation induction, surgical interventions, artificial insemination, such as intrauterine insemination ( ...
To improve the breed of the cattle, the district had 11 artificial insemination centres and 5 sub-centres. For the development ... The villages of Gwarh and Khothgee, near Khirshu, have a festival where they lower an artificial carved wooden effigy of man, ...
... and some forms of artificial insemination.[19] Some sperm remains in cervical crypts, infoldings of the endocervix, which act ...
Calves may be produced by natural means, or by artificial breeding using artificial insemination or embryo transfer.[5] ... Most purebred dairy calves are produced by artificial insemination (AI). By this method each bull can serve many cows, so only ...
Sperm donor - an anonymous or known biological father who provides his sperm to be used in artificial insemination or in vitro ... Posthumous father - father died before children were born (or even conceived in the case of artificial insemination) ... DI Dad - social/legal father of children produced via Donor Insemination (where a donor's sperm were used to impregnate the DI ...
In larger breeds, only old age is associated with smaller litter size.[21] Use of artificial insemination is also associated ... An artificial vagina is prepared, which is a conical thin latex sleeve ending in a sterile collection tube. The inside of the ...
With artificial insemination, surrogate mothers, and adoption, families do not have to be formed by the heteronormative ...
... giving women two days to engage in sexual intercourse or artificial insemination with the intention of conceiving.[21] ... Martinez AR, Bernardus RE, Vermeiden JP, Schoemaker J (March 1994). "Time schedules of intrauterine insemination after urinary ...
Ejaculate (used in artificial insemination). *Feathers. *Fur. *Gallstones (from livestock for Traditional Chinese Medicine) ...
... dairy cows are almost permanently kept pregnant through artificial insemination.[127] After about five years, once the cow's ... Mushroom powder, any species, illuminated with sunlight or artificial ultraviolet light sources ... flavorings and anything artificial.[191] Most Rastafari are vegetarian.[192] ...
Artificial insemination. *Cryopreservation *embryos. *oocyte. *ovarian tissue. *semen. *Gamete intrafallopian transfer. * ...
In order to allow the possibility of reproduction via artificial insemination after vasectomy, some men opt for ... and while there is not enough for successful artificial insemination, there is enough to fertilize an ovum by intracytoplasmic ...
Buffalo are now crossed with riverine buffalo in artificial insemination programs, and are kept in many areas of Australia. ...
"G2312 Artificial Insemination in Swine: Breeding the Female , University of Missouri Extension". extension.missouri.edu. ... Using an artificial sow to rear groups of piglets, recognition of a teat in a particular area of the udder depended initially ... Jeppesen, L.E. (1982). "Teat-order in groups of piglets reared on an artificial sow. II. Maintenance of teatorder with some ...
We recently had a meeting with Emma from SpaceNK and she was filling me in on whats hot in terms of caring for pregnancy skin. This smells so delicious I just want to eat it (not in a weird craving way!) A 120g pot of cream which has a thick, rich w ...
The average weight of women in Britain is rising.In 1991, Miss Average weighed 10st 5lb, but today, she tips the scales at 11st.What does 11st look like? Angela Garvin, 42, is 5ft 2in and a size 14She runs an online vintage clothing company from her ...
Artificial insemination, the introduction of semen into the vagina or cervix of a female by any method other than sexual ... Artificial insemination in humans. The first recorded experiment with artificial insemination in humans occurred in the late ... Artificial insemination in animals. The first successful experiment with artificial insemination in animals was performed by ... www.britannica.com/science/artificial-insemination", "title": "Artificial insemination", "documentGroup": "TOPIC PAGINATED ...
Artificial Insemination. Br Med J 1944; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.4382.869 (Published 30 December 1944) Cite this as ...
Media in category "Artificial insemination". The following 21 files are in this category, out of 21 total. ... artificial insemination (en); إمناء اصطناعي (ar); 人工授精 (zh-hans); କୃତ୍ରିମ ଶୁକ୍ର ସେଚନ (or) ხელოვნური განაყოფიერება (ka); ... Künstliche Insemination (de); Inseminação intrauterina, Inseminação artificial intrauterina (pt); 子宮內人工授精 (zh); Intravaginalna ... inseminació artificial (ca); inseminação artificial (pt); Inseminacija (sh); kunstmatige inseminatie (nl); Ficunnazzioni ...
... or intrauterine insemination (IUI) is used to treat infertility. It involves direct insertion of semen into a womans womb. ... Artificial insemination can help people who are trying to treat infertility.. Artificial insemination can benefit couples or ... Artificial insemination can help bypass this problem.. *Endometriosis causes the cells from the womb lining start to grow ... What to know about artificial insemination. Medically reviewed by Valinda Riggins Nwadike on. September 27, 2018. - Written by ...
Forms of Artificial insemination: There are various forms of artificial insemination. However, they are divided into: ... Science discovered artificial insemination as a means to treat infertility in the husband or wife and in the case of a delay in ... Regulations of Artificial Insemination:. Jurists have set forth a number of regulations that protect the individuals, the ... Artificial Insemination. Allah The Almighty Says (what means): {And Allah has made for you from yourselves mates and has made ...
Artificial insemination definition, the injection of semen into the vagina or uterus by means of a syringe or the like rather ... artificial insemination in Medicine Expand. artificial insemination n. Abbr. AI The introduction of semen into the vagina or ... artificial insemination. noun 1. introduction of spermatozoa into the vagina or uterus by means other than sexual union See AI ... Lo and behold, Jane Muslim runs to her imam for a faith check on whether she can do artificial insemination or not. ...
Compared with natural insemination (i.e., insemination by sexual intercourse), artificial insemination can be more expensive ... Artificial insemination techniques available include intracervical insemination and intrauterine insemination. The ... describes Kasatka as being the first orca to receive artificial insemination. Artificial insemination on animals has been ... and the consequences of such insemination. Some women who live in a jurisdiction which does not permit artificial insemination ...
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Artificial Insemination , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Artificial Insemination via the Trip Database. ... Profile and artificial insemination practices of technicians and the artificial insemination success rates in Leyte, Samar, and ... The aim of this study was to compare the use of artificial insemination in time blocks (Artificial Insemination Blocks, AIB) ...
Men whose sperm is to be used in artificial insemination should be screened as rigorously as blood donors because of ... Until recently, artificial insemination was thought to be essentially risk-free. But with the advent of AIDS and a related ... Men whose sperm is to be used in artificial insemination should be screened as rigorously as blood donors because of ... On the average, the two physicians noted, a woman trying to conceive by artificial insemination must undergo six or seven ...
Artificial insemination (AI) is a process by which semen is collected from a stallion, processed and tested, frozen for ... Thawing and Insemination. The frozen straws of semen are taken directly from the liquid nitrogen storage tank and placed for a ... The stallion then ejaculates into the artificial vagina and the semen is taken into the lab or work area. It is very important ... The semen is collected from the stallion by the use of a temperature controlled tube or sleeve known as an artificial vagina. ...
The Artificial Insemination Centre of Quebec (French: Centre dInsémination artificielle du Québec) (CIAQ) is a limited ... For those at the ministry of agriculture, the then new technique of artificial insemination appeared to be an economical and ... The CIAQ also conducted research and experimentation to improve artificial insemination techniques, semen conditioning and set ... Canada with the mission of improving through artificial insemination bovine herds used in milk and meat production throughout ...
Learn how to get the best from artificial insemination in your cattle and how to measure the performance of AI programs Dairy ... Artificial insemination (AI) practices can have a major impact on herd reproductive performance. A low conception rate to AI ... The National Herd Improvement Association (NHIA) offer training courses in artificial insemination. For more information on ... mating strategies and artificial insemination), which you can download at the bottom of the page or watch the webinar below. ...
Asiatic cheetahs which are being kept in captivity in Tehrans Pardisan Park may become parents using artificial insemination. ... Special programs have been planned for saving this species and hopes are that artificial insemination can open a new window for ... The two cheetahs are regularly undergoing medical tests to ensure their readiness for artificial insemination, YJC quoted the ... Memarian went on to say that German experts are lending a hand in implementing the artificial insemination techniques. ...
Artificial insemination is a process in which sperm is artificially added to the female?s reproductive tract. This is done to ... Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) - The Artificial Method For Conception. In Intrauterine insemination (IUI) the male sperm is ... There are two common methods of artificial insemination. Intracervical insemination is done by placing the sperm in the cervix ... There are other techniques of artificial insemination that are not used that often. These are intrafallopian insemination in ...
Artificial insemination with frozen semen being performed in a buffalo. 8.1. Conception Rates for Artificial Insemination. ... 8. Artificial Insemination (AI). Artificial insemination in buffaloes has been reported to be initiated in 1954, Shafi and ... Artificial insemination in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in Amazon region. In: proceedings of the XXI Cong Bras Med Vet Belém. ... Conception rates to artificial insemination in buffaloes appear to be low and highly variable due to many confounding variables ...
Artificial Insemination (AI) for Cattle. Breed your cows to the best bulls in the nation!. ...
Artificial Insemination (AI) for Cattle. Breed your cows to the best bulls in the nation!. ... Artificial Insemination Graph Last post by Bright Raven « Thu Dec 13, 2018 11:26 am ...
... Develops skills of artificial insemination, heat detection and supportive ... Kirkwood Community College Credit Catalog 2018-2019 , Course Descriptions , AGS: AG-Animal Science , AGS-350 Artificial ...
All of this was spurred on by development of a parallel technology artificial insemination. The basic techniques for collecting ... and most breeders use artificial insemination techniques.. Written by Claudia Reinhardt and Bill Ganzel, the Ganzel Group. A ...
Find WebMDs comprehensive coverage of artificial insemination (IUI), including medical reference, news, pictures, videos, and ... Infertility and Artificial Insemination. Artificial insemination is a technique doctors often recommend first to couples having ... Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) Directory. Artificial insemination is a procedure that can treat male and female infertility. ... IUI is the most common form of artificial insemination. This may be a good choice when the mans sperm count is low or when the ...
Artificial Insemination at Nasco. You will find a unique blend of products for Arts & Crafts, Education, Agriculture, and more! ... All Products / Nasco / Farm & Ranch / Farm & Ranch Supplies / Artificial Insemination / Swine Breeding ...
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When asking what is artificial insemination you should know that this is a technique that is able to help different causes of ... What to know about artificial insemination technology?. One of the most common ways of artificial insemination is intrauterine ... In the same time when asking what is artificial insemination you should also know that it can be used in case of women who may ... Now you know the answer to the question what is artificial insemination. It is also good to know that according to women the ...
"Our goal was to develop artificial insemination as a tool that could be used to help support and maintain healthy reproducing ... Before attempting artificial insemination, researchers have to make sure that the potential mothers arent already carrying ... "There have been other reports on artificial insemination of sharks, but they include very few females. In this study, were in ... Largest-ever study of artificial insemination in sharks--and the occasional virgin birth. Field Museum ...
Female Sterilization and Artificial Insemination at the French Fin de Siècle: Facts and Fictions ... Female Sterilization and Artificial Insemination at the French Fin de Siècle: Facts and Fictions ... and artificial insemination, the latter apparently widely practiced by doctors in what we know today as its "bulb baster" form ... 3 The husbands participation in artificial insemination was, in [End Page 26] the view of many, particularly trivial and ...
San Diego Zoo Hopes to Breed Rhinos Through Artificial Insemination By Brie Stimson. Published Jul 31, 2015 at 7:30 PM , ...
They provide information for members who wish to use an Artificial Insemination (AI) service and detail how an insemination ... Artificial Insemination in dogs is the procedure carried out where dog semen is artificially inserted into the vagina or cervix ... There are specific rules regarding artificial insemination detailed below and within the Full Guide to Member Services and Stud ... Insemination Agent Registration. The Agent must complete and submit the attached form to the Society office with the current ...
... is a technique in which the sperms are ... Artificial insemination by husband (A.I.H.) is a technique in which the sperms are directly deposited in the uterus with the ... Artificial Insemination by Donor (A.I.D.) *G.I.F.T. *Infertility Treatments ... Artificial insemination by husband (A.I.H.) technique is used when infertility problems are observed in males. This technique ...
  • The first recorded experiment with artificial insemination in humans occurred in the late 1700s, when Scottish-born surgeon John Hunter impregnated a women with her husband's sperm , resulting in a successful pregnancy . (britannica.com)
  • In 1884 American physician William Pancoast performed a modified artificial insemination procedure when he injected sperm from a donor into a woman who was under anesthesia . (britannica.com)
  • Artificial insemination (AI) is the deliberate introduction of sperm into a female's cervix or uterine cavity for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through in vivo fertilization by means other than sexual intercourse or in vitro fertilisation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology, sperm donation and animal husbandry techniques. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some countries have laws which restrict and regulate who can donate sperm and who is able to receive artificial insemination, and the consequences of such insemination. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first reported case of artificial insemination by donor occurred in 1884: Dr. William H. Pancoast, a professor in Philadelphia, took sperm from his "best looking" student to inseminate an anesthetized woman. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1980s, direct intraperitoneal insemination (DIPI) was occasionally used, where doctors injected sperm into the lower abdomen through a surgical hole or incision, with the intention of letting them find the oocyte at the ovary or after entering the genital tract through the ostium of the fallopian tube. (wikipedia.org)
  • In all cases of artificial insemination, the recipient woman will be the biological mother of any child produced, and the male whose sperm is used will be the biological father. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, there are still reasons why a couple would seek to use artificial insemination using the male partner's sperm. (wikipedia.org)
  • The artificial insemination can remove most of these before applying the sperm. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Before the treatment, a man can freeze some of his sperm for future use in artificial insemination. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The husband or someone he trusts shall attend the process of insemination from the point of taking the sperm and the egg until inserting them into the woman's uterus. (islamweb.net)
  • The CIAQ also conducted research and experimentation to improve artificial insemination techniques, semen conditioning and set up programs for testing young bulls for possible inclusion in its sperm bank. (wikipedia.org)
  • Men whose sperm is to be used in artificial insemination should be screened as rigorously as blood donors because of increasingly recognized risks of a variety of sexually transmitted diseases, from hepatitis to AIDS, two prominent experts contend. (latimes.com)
  • Because the practice of artificial insemination is highly fragmented--with many women using large sperm banks and fertility clinics but thousands of others seeking help from gynecologists--there are few reliable figures for the total of inseminations attempted and how many produce pregnancies. (latimes.com)
  • From this information the technician is able to calculate how much sperm and extender must be added to each vial to ensure that the mare will become pregnant after the insemination. (terrificpets.com)
  • Artificial insemination is a process in which sperm is artificially added to the female's reproductive tract. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Intracervical insemination is done by placing the sperm in the cervix of the female, while intrauterine insemination is done by directly injecting the sperm into the uterus of the female. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • These are intrafallopian insemination in which sperm is placed at the entrance of the fallopian tubes, and intravaginal insemination, in which sperm is placed inside the vagina. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • The sperm of the male is examined to see if it can be used for insemination. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Sometimes, the male partner's sperm may not be suitable for artificial insemination. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • In Intrauterine insemination (IUI) the male sperm is put inside the female uterus by artificial meth. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • In intrauterine insemination, the man's sperm are directly inserted into the woman's uterus. (webmd.com)
  • With the help of the technique of artificial insemination the sperm skip having to go through the cervical mucus. (thepregnancyzone.com)
  • If you are asking what is artificial insemination you should know that through washing the doctors remove the chemicals from the sperm that could cause discomfort to women. (thepregnancyzone.com)
  • Before attempting artificial insemination, researchers have to make sure that the potential mothers aren't already carrying sperm from a previous rendezvous. (eurekalert.org)
  • Utilizing newer techniques of sperm washing combined with potent combination antiretroviral therapy, both methods, artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization, are now reasonably safe. (thebody.com)
  • Cows should be inseminated near the end of standing heat (see section on timing of artificial insemination for maximum conception) to provide enough time for the sperm to undergo a process called capacitation, which gives sperm the ability to fertilize the egg, before they encounter the egg. (aces.edu)
  • Studies included research on sexual behavior in males and females, spermatogenesis and oogenesis, sperm and oocyte preservation, artificial insemination, embryo culture and cloning. (cornell.edu)
  • and the current estimated safety of U.S. blood components, blood products, tissues used for transplantation, and sperm used for artificial insemination. (ucsf.edu)
  • Couples who experience male infertility may choose to use donor sperm in their artificial insemination process. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Since artificial insemination is used to put sperm into the woman's reproductive system, it is important she have clear and viable fallopian tubes from which her eggs can travel. (lovetoknow.com)
  • In this Artificial Insemination only good quality of sperm are used for increasing the chances of fertility. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Artificial Insemination with husbands sperm? (ivf-infertility.com)
  • Discussion forum for those particularly interested in insemination using partners sperm, or donor insemination. (ivf-infertility.com)
  • I hope we can extract his sperm & do insemination. (ivf-infertility.com)
  • Put simply, canine artificial insemination (CAI) is the process by which sperm is collected manually from a stud dog and deposited in the female for fertilisation without the need for natural mating. (dogslife.com.au)
  • This study aimed to compare the pregnancy rate using the conventional artificial insemination (AI) or deep intracornual artificial insemination (DIAI), with low number of spermatozoa (4.0 million sperm) in 270 Nelore cows. (scielo.br)
  • We had to find out if the last known male in China no longer produces viable sperm due to old age or an inability to inseminate the female," said Dr. Gerald Kuchling, organizer of the artificial insemination effort and Rafetus breeding program leader for the TSA. (natureworldnews.com)
  • Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is the most common method of artificial insemination. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This paper details the development and application of a simple to use method of artificial insemination in squamates of various taxa. (smuggled.com)
  • Since IU catheters are more expensive, the IC method of artificial insemination has an economic advantage under the conditions of this study. (aasv.org)
  • The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a single administration of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) during the establishment of the corpus luteum (CL) on progesterone (P4) concentration and pregnancy per artificial insemination (P/AI) in lactating dairy cows. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Insemination causes reproductive disorders ranging between 30-50% percent of cows in Indonesia," said Veterinary Science lecturer from UGM, Dr. Drh. (ugm.ac.id)
  • After that numbers of artificial insemination tests were done on number of cows. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Many seedstock beef herds utilize artificial insemination (AI) and a growing number of commercial herds are moving towards AI on their heifers and high-performing cows. (wylr.net)
  • It's two full days of practicing artificial insemination technique with live cows and tracts. (pbcommercial.com)
  • Bogado Pascottini OA, Hostens M, Sys P, Vercauteren P, Opsomer G. Cytological endometritis at artificial insemination in dairy cows : prevalence and effect on pregnancy outcome. (ugent.be)
  • Whatever the cause, the low efficiency of estrous detection not only increases time from calving to first artificial insemination (AI) but also increases the average interval between AI services (Stevenson and Call, 1983), thereby limiting the rate at which cows become pregnant. (extension.org)
  • Twice daily (a.m. and p.m.), a list of cows determined by the activity monitoring system to be eligible for insemination was generated, and cows appearing on this list were inseminated. (extension.org)
  • A pregnancy resulting from artificial insemination is no different from a pregnancy achieved by sexual intercourse. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the case of such couples, before artificial insemination is turned to as the solution, doctors will require an examination of both the male and female involved in order to remove any and all physical hindrances that are preventing them from naturally achieving a pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the average, the two physicians noted, a woman trying to conceive by artificial insemination must undergo six or seven attempts before pregnancy is induced--which could involve semen from different men. (latimes.com)
  • Artificial Insemination in dogs is the procedure carried out where dog semen is artificially inserted into the vagina or cervix of a female dog to generate pregnancy. (isds.org.uk)
  • With positive pregnancy in any of the first 4 treatments of artificial insemination. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Artificial insemination is the deliberate introduction of semen into a female's vagina or oviduct for the purpose of achieving a pregnancy through fertilisation by means other than ejaculation. (definitions.net)
  • Instances of multiples in pregnancy go up when fertility drugs are used in conjunction with artificial insemination techniques. (lovetoknow.com)
  • The main purpose of Artificial Insemination is causing the pregnancy through artificial way where there are many factors which hinder in causing pregnancy naturally. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • The two-day programs run from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. on the first day and 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. on the second day, and include: Basic reproductive anatomy and physiology, estrous synchronization, semen handling, pregnancy determination methods, reproductive health and training in artificial insemination on live cattle. (pbcommercial.com)
  • PCRM VFC will continue to provide all other fertility services without interruption, including monitoring of fertility treatments and pregnancy, and intrauterine insemination. (victoriafertility.com)
  • Offering excess oocyte aspiration and vitrification to patients undergoing stimulated artificial insemination cycles can reduce the multiple pregnancy risk and accumulate oocytes for later use. (biomedsearch.com)
  • between pregnancy recognition (day 15) and days 28 to 32 after insemination. (k-state.edu)
  • Artificial insemination is a method of treating infertility by inserting semen directly into a womb. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Artificial insemination is a procedure that can treat male and female infertility. (webmd.com)
  • When asking what is artificial insemination you should know that this is a technique that is able to help different causes of infertility both in case of men and women. (thepregnancyzone.com)
  • Read on to learn more about this assisted reproduction technique.Artificial insemination by husband (A.I.H.) technique is used when infertility problems are observed in males. (indiaparenting.com)
  • Artificial insemination by husband (A.I.H.) technique is used when infertility problems are observed in males. (indiaparenting.com)
  • Artificial Insemination is a treatment for infertility. (medgadget.com)
  • Artificial insemination has grown in popularity as infertility becomes more prevalent and as more women opt to become single mothers. (medgadget.com)
  • These clinics welcome international patients from all over the world and offer them plenty of comprehensive Artifical Insemination (Donor) packages.Infertility is a health problem that affects a surpris. (placidway.com)
  • Also, these medical centers offer custom-tailored Artifical Insemination (Donor) packages to medical tourists.Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that affects both women a. (placidway.com)
  • Using human artificial insemination techniques to get pregnant is less invasive and potentially less costly than other forms of infertility treatments. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Compared with natural insemination (i.e., insemination by sexual intercourse), artificial insemination can be more expensive and more invasive, and may require professional assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the medical alternative to sexual intercourse, or natural insemination. (definitions.net)
  • In the United Kingdom, the British obstetrician Mary Barton founded one of the first fertility clinics to offer donor insemination in the 1930s, with her husband Bertold Wiesner fathering hundreds of offspring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial insemination has the advantage of being a relatively simple procedure and can cause extremely few side effects. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • When asking what is artificial insemination you should also know what to expect during the procedure. (thepregnancyzone.com)
  • Most probably for the artificial insemination technique to be successful your partner will be asked to abstain from ejaculation for a few days prior to the procedure. (thepregnancyzone.com)
  • This process is done while the women is ovulation which is during her most fertile period.A.I.H procedure can be carried out at home as well using insemination kits. (indiaparenting.com)
  • All these medical centers offer Artifical Insemination (Donor) packages that often include many additional services besides the procedure itself such as accommodation, airport transport, meals, extra med. (placidway.com)
  • All these medical centers offer Artifical Insemination (Donor) packages that often include many additional services besides the procedure itself such as accommodation, airport transport, meals, ex. (placidway.com)
  • The doctor will determine what type of artificial insemination procedure will be most successful. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Before undergoing the artificial insemination procedure, most couples will be required to have full screenings. (lovetoknow.com)
  • As with any medical procedure, artificial insemination carries risk. (lovetoknow.com)
  • In this type of insemination sperms are taken from the container and then simply inserted in the vagina of the woman through syringe without any further procedure. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Artificial insemination , the introduction of semen into the vagina or cervix of a female by any method other than sexual intercourse . (britannica.com)
  • The semen is collected from the stallion by the use of a temperature controlled tube or sleeve known as an artificial vagina. (terrificpets.com)
  • When the stallion mounts the mare the handlers insert the stallion's penis into the artificial vagina that has been warmed to a temperature of approximately 44 degrees Celsius. (terrificpets.com)
  • The stallion then ejaculates into the artificial vagina and the semen is taken into the lab or work area. (terrificpets.com)
  • But published figures and estimates by such groups as the American Fertility Society conclude that despite publicity about the possible hazards of fresh semen, it is still used in about 80% of artificial inseminations, with frozen accounting for the rest. (latimes.com)
  • Artificial insemination (AI) is a process by which semen is collected from a stallion, processed and tested, frozen for preservation, then thawed and deposited within the mare's reproductive tract, the uterine body, when she is in season and is most fertile. (terrificpets.com)
  • In India (between 2002-2007), 350,000 doses of frozen semen were available from buffalo bulls under progeny testing of Murrah and other breeds and artificial insemination was introduced in Bhadawari, Pandharpuri and swamp buffalo breeds [6]. (ivis.org)
  • CINCINNATI (April 25, 2019) - Scientists at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden's Center for Conservation and Research of Endangered Wildlife (CREW), working in collaboration with colleagues at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum and the El Paso Zoo, have produced two litters of ocelot kittens following artificial insemination (AI) with frozen semen. (cincinnatizoo.org)
  • The types of artificial insemination typically are fresh extended semen, chilled semen and frozen semen," says Dr Thomas. (dogslife.com.au)
  • In 2006, when I moved to Australia to work on the GDQ colony, I relied extremely heavily on artificial breeding and the import of both adult dogs and frozen semen from around the world to establish our breeding colony," says Elgie. (dogslife.com.au)
  • It is best to have the frozen semen sent to us to store in our liquid nitrogen flask prior to setting up the mare for insemination. (newmarketequinehospital.com)
  • Due to the large number of gynaecological examinations needed for accurate insemination with frozen semen, mares with temperament problems are poor candidates. (newmarketequinehospital.com)
  • That said many mares are suitable candidates for insemination with frozen semen. (newmarketequinehospital.com)
  • Semen was taken from 15 male kestrels and frozen for between one and 14 months prior to thawing and insemination. (conservationevidence.com)
  • Lindsey A C, Schenk J L, Graham J K, Bruemmer J E & Squires E L (2002) Hysteroscopic insemination of low numbers of flow sorted fresh and frozen/thawed stallion spermatozoa . (vetstream.com)
  • Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how intrauterine insemination is done, how much it costs, and much more. (webmd.com)
  • Most fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocols utilize progesterone (P4) as a hormonal source to achieve synchronization of estrus in cattle. (uel.br)
  • To determine the effects of type of artificial-insemination catheter on litter size and farrowing rate and to evaluate the economic differences between the two catheters on the basis of the differences observed in reproductive performance. (aasv.org)
  • From these tests, the doctor may or may not recommend a form of artificial insemination. (wikipedia.org)
  • IUI is the most common form of artificial insemination. (webmd.com)
  • For those at the ministry of agriculture, the then new technique of artificial insemination appeared to be an economical and quick method to improve the province's herds, lower production costs and increase revenues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Once the semen sample is ready woman has to undergo IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination) through which the sperms are put in her uterus. (indiaparenting.com)
  • If you want to undergo Artifical Insemination (Donor) and start a happy family life, here are the best and most reliable Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Chalandri, Greece to choose from. (placidway.com)
  • Patients who undergo cycles of artificial insemination with own semen. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Artificial insemination has been used to facilitate the reproductive success and conservation of threatened or endangered animals. (britannica.com)
  • Today artificial insemination in humans is considered a form of assisted reproductive technology. (britannica.com)
  • Profile and artificial insemination practices of technicians and the artificial insemination success rates in Leyte, Samar, and Biliran, Philippines (2011-2015) Artificial insemination (AI) is a reproductive biotechnology that may be influenced by several factors, including the profile of the technicians and the practices used. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Artificial insemination (AI) practices can have a major impact on herd reproductive performance. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • 2 Available to the fin-de-siècle Frenchwoman, as she weighed the prospect of having children or not, were two opposing "reproductive" procedures: a fairly new technique of sterilization involving removal of the ovaries rather than a hysterectomy, and artificial insemination, the latter apparently widely practiced by doctors in what we know today as its "bulb baster" form but very sparsely acknowledged or written about. (jhu.edu)
  • The IAEA through a TC Project expanded the capacity of the Centre to strengthen its capability for semen processing, artificial insemination (AI), and reproductive disease diagnostics. (iaea.org)
  • Artificial insemination (AI) is a reproductive method that allows cattle producers to use sires that have superior genetics at an affordable price. (aces.edu)
  • Reproductive disorder corresponds to artificial insemination. (ugm.ac.id)
  • The clinic will provide hands-on training in reproductive tract anatomy, estrus synchronization, heat detection, semen handling and insemination. (wiu.edu)
  • Reproductive sciences, including techniques such as artificial insemination and semen cryopreservation, are playing a key role in helping to address the conservation and management challenges associated with maintaining these small cat species within zoos, and possibly in the wild in future years. (cincinnatizoo.org)
  • He has performed several-thousand artificial inseminations over the last 20 years and is considered to be one of Australia's leading canine reproductive experts. (dogslife.com.au)
  • Despite the widespread adoption of hormonal synchronization protocols that allow for timed artificial insemination ( TAI ), detection of behavioral estrus continues to play an important role in the overall reproductive management program on most dairies in the United States (Caraviello et al. (extension.org)
  • This technique is the most commonly used of all the human artificial insemination procedures done today. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Human artificial insemination in which the husband's semen is used. (rightdiagnosis.com)
  • MACOMB, IL - The Western Illinois University School of Agriculture is offering a cattle artificial insemination clinic from 8 a.m.-3 p.m. Thursday-Friday, Dec. 10-11 at the WIU Livestock Center. (wiu.edu)
  • ZIMBABWE - The Government will soon roll out an extensive cattle artificial insemination (AI) programme aimed at improving the quality of the country's livestock as well as increasing the national herd, a Cabinet minister has reported. (thecattlesite.com)
  • Individually packaged for canine artificial insemination. (valleyvet.com)
  • Single use pipettes, individually packaged for canine artificial insemination. (valleyvet.com)
  • Canine artificial insemination has improved in leaps and bounds over the last 30 years. (dogslife.com.au)
  • While the list of pros may be as long as your arm, are there any risks associated with canine artificial insemination? (dogslife.com.au)
  • Pioneering work by Quinn and Burrows in the late 1930s led to successful artificial insemination (AI) programs in the domestic poultry industry. (usgs.gov)
  • In 2004, the protocols were developed for successful artificial insemination of white-tailed does at the Idlewild Research Station under the direction of LSU AgCenter research associates Glen Gentry and Will Forbes. (lsuagcenter.com)
  • Artificial insemination is serious, helping veterinarians in artificial insemination programme," he said. (ugm.ac.id)
  • She is also the breeding and dog supply manager for Guide Dogs Queensland (GDQ) and has used artificial insemination extensively to establish brood lines for the Guide Dogs programme. (dogslife.com.au)
  • The present study assessed the semen characteristics of bulls used for Artificial Insemination (AI) programme in Bangladesh with regard to season, ambient temperature and relative humidity. (banglajol.info)
  • In Australia, three methods of insemination are commonly used: vaginal, endoscope-assisted trans-cervical (TCI) and surgical. (dogslife.com.au)
  • or if the bitch is dominant and won't allow mating, we'd use fresh extended trans-vaginal insemination. (dogslife.com.au)
  • Fresh vaginal insemination is used often within the colony with semen inseminated within minutes of it being collected. (dogslife.com.au)
  • Anel L, Kaabi M, Abroug B, Alvarez M, Anel E, Boixo JC, de la Fuente LF, Paz P (2005) Factors influencing the success of vaginal and laparoscopic artificial insemination in Churra ewes: a field assay. (springer.com)
  • Semen was collected by artificial vaginal method once a week. (banglajol.info)
  • Intrafallopian (or intratubal) insemination: A technique that uses a catheter to place semen into fallopian tubes. (lovetoknow.com)
  • In this type of insemination sperms are inserted in the fallopian tubes as there is the problem in ovulation or in the mucus of the woman through which she is not able to conceive. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Artificial Insemination for dairy cattle and beef cattle has been introduced in Indonesia since 1976. (ugm.ac.id)
  • Refer to Extension Publication 2628 Artificial Insemination Programs for Cattle for information on using AI in a beef cattle herd and Extension Publication 2614 Estrus Synchronization in Cattle for specifics on estrus synchronization protocols. (msucares.com)
  • Affirmation of the professional and ethical integrity of the physicians and medical staff who perform the process of insemination. (islamweb.net)
  • If improper ovulation is occurring in the female, then medication in the form of drugs may be administered to her before the process of insemination. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Artificial insemination by husband (A.I.H.) is a technique in which the sperms are directly deposited in the uterus with the help of a tube known as fine catheter. (indiaparenting.com)
  • The purpose of this protector is to aid against the transfer of contaminants into the uterus during the insemination process. (enasco.com)
  • Artificial Insemination is a process in which sperms of the male partner is inserted in the uterus of the female partner. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • In this type of insemination sperms are taken either from the partner or from the donor and then sperms are inserted directly in to the uterus without any pain. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Develops skills of artificial insemination, heat detection and supportive background knowledge of beef and dairy herds, and discusses recommended nutrition, management and genetics. (kirkwood.edu)
  • Artificial insemination is a fertility treatment for humans, and is a common practice in the breeding of dairy cattle and pigs. (definitions.net)
  • Earlier this insemination was done on animals in order to increase the quantity of dairy cattle's and pigs etc. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • A total of 3720 semen samples from 71 bulls were collected from Central Cattle Breeding Station and Dairy Farm (CCBSDF), Savar, Dhaka, Rajshahi Dairy and Cattle Improvement Farm (RDCIF), Rajabarihat, Rajshahi and District Artificial Insemination Centre (DAIC), Rajshahi during 1995 - 2002. (banglajol.info)
  • Artificial insemination techniques available include intracervical insemination and intrauterine insemination. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracervical insemination (ICI) is the easiest and most common insemination technique and can be used in the home for self-insemination without medical practitioner assistance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intracervical insemination: Semen is placed into the cervix. (lovetoknow.com)
  • This approach was refined in the 1930s in Russia , and the subsequent development of methods for the cryopreservation (preservation through freezing) of semen led to the widespread use of artificial insemination in animals. (britannica.com)
  • There are reports as early as the 1930s of collecting semen for insemination. (umsystem.edu)
  • My question is about starting a family through artificial insemination versus in vitro fertilization. (thebody.com)
  • It is possible to conceive via artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization. (thebody.com)
  • The disposable 12 sheath protector is used as a protective cover on insemination sheaths. (enasco.com)
  • The invention has an advantageous application in respect of sheaths for insemination guns for bovines. (google.com)
  • ICABAI 2020 has teamed up with the Special Journal Issue on Animal Breeding and Artificial Insemination . (waset.org)
  • The Artificial Insemination Centre of Quebec (French: Centre d'Insémination artificielle du Québec) (CIAQ) is a limited partnership society founded in 1948 located in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Canada with the mission of improving through artificial insemination bovine herds used in milk and meat production throughout the province. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial insemination techniques were originally used mainly to assist heterosexual couples to conceive where they were having difficulties. (wikipedia.org)
  • So, is it possible for a couple to conceive via artificial insemination, or is it only possible through in vitro (which is much more expensive)? (thebody.com)
  • We have all the information you need about public and private fertility clinics that provide ai - artificial insemination in Asia. (whatclinic.com)
  • Choose from 126 AI - Artificial Insemination Clinics in Asia with 60 verified patient reviews ★ find the best one for you. (whatclinic.com)
  • How can I choose the best Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Agios Nikolaos, Greece? (placidway.com)
  • For patients from all around the globe looking for Artifical Insemination (Donor) options, Agios Nikolaos, Greece is an ideal destination with plenty of trustworthy fertility clinics to choos. (placidway.com)
  • How can I find the best Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Chalandri, Greece? (placidway.com)
  • How to choose the top Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Ioannina, Greece? (placidway.com)
  • There are numerous options when it comes to choosing among the top and most trustworthy Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Ioannina, Greece. (placidway.com)
  • How can I find the most trustworthy Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Patras, Greece? (placidway.com)
  • There are many trustworthy Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics located in Patras, Greece. (placidway.com)
  • Which are the most reliable Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Rhodes, Greece? (placidway.com)
  • For patients searching for the most reliable Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Rhodes, Greece, here are some great options to choose from. (placidway.com)
  • How can I find the best Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Alor Setar, Malaysia? (placidway.com)
  • How can I find the most trustworthy Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in Cyberjaya, Malaysia? (placidway.com)
  • Which are the most reliable Artifical Insemination (Donor) clinics in George Town, Malaysia? (placidway.com)
  • Although historically AI has been performed in less than clinical settings, most breeders and owners that practice AI complete certification as AI technicians or hire a professional AI service to handle the semen collection and insemination process. (terrificpets.com)
  • Artificial insemination allows breeders the opportunity to procure semen from sires located anywhere in the world. (dogslife.com.au)
  • With the advancement of techniques in this field, notably ICSI, the use of artificial insemination for such couples has largely been rendered unnecessary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Artificial insemination can benefit couples or individuals with a range of needs. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Artificial insemination is a process infertile couples can use to become pregnant. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Couples who go through fertility procedures such as artificial insemination know that it can be physically arduous and emotionally taxing. (lovetoknow.com)
  • This type of insemination is good for those couples where there is no problem in any other place. (altiusdirectory.com)
  • Broekhuijse ML, Soštarić E, Feitsma H, Gadella BM (2012) The value of microscopic semen motility assessment at collection for a commercial artificial insemination center, a retrospective study on factors explaining variation in pig fertility. (springer.com)
  • The conception rate can be estimated by dividing the number of pregnancies to AI by the number of semen straws used, or successful inseminations, and multiplying by 100. (dairyaustralia.com.au)
  • But Mascola believes that artificial insemination will become an even more important part of American childbearing, particularly with the trend toward conception later in life. (latimes.com)
  • Subsequently, the Bambui cattle centre has performed more than 500 inseminations with nearly a 70% conception rate using oestrous synchronization. (iaea.org)
  • Artificial insemination (AI) in swine is not a new technique. (umsystem.edu)
  • The Society is delighted to accept foals born through both Artificial Insemination and via Embryo Transfer. (haflingersgb.com)
  • PGF2α treatments, timed artificial insemination (TAI), or a combination of both. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Intrauterine insemination is one of the first treatments doctors will use after a fertility problem occurs. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Simply apply a slight forward thrust when reaching the exterior of the cervical canal, and the insemination sheath will "pass through" the protective tip, allowing the tube to proceed through the cervix. (enasco.com)
  • Single use, 9" canine insemination pipettes with STIP Tip smooth bulb end for less traumatic passage of pipette without complication. (valleyvet.com)
  • Increases the insemination dose volume, making it easier to handle and minimizing spermatozoa loss in equipment such as pipettes. (valleyvet.com)
  • Learn about sex-attractant pheromones in humans and in pigs and about the use of pheromones in the artificial insemination of animals. (britannica.com)
  • Since then, CREW has improved its AI strategies for felids by modifying protocols for semen cryopreservation, ovarian synchronization and laparoscopic insemination. (cincinnatizoo.org)
  • The pilot study presented here investigates whether multiple pregnancies can be minimized by a microscopically confirmed aspiration of oocytes from supernumerary follicles immediately before intrauterine insemination and evaluates the benefit of concomitant excess oocyte cryopreservation for future use. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We're happy and proud to introduce you to a list comprised of the best Artifical Insemination (Donor) medical centers located in Agios Nikolaos, Greece. (placidway.com)
  • Statistical analysis was performed between the technician profile and practices and the AI success rates.Results revealed that most of the technicians were male, around 31-40 years old, married, college graduates, working under local government units, had other sources of income, and with 1-5 years of continuous AI practice averaging 51-100 inseminations per year. (tripdatabase.com)
  • The reason is, according to Prabowo, the improper practices of insemination that have caused anestrus, repeat breeding, and nymphomania in the cow. (ugm.ac.id)
  • Current artificial insemination (AI) laboratory practices assess semen quality of each boar ejaculate to decide which ones to process into AI doses. (wur.nl)
  • A couple who has been trying to get pregnant without success will often be referred to a fertility doctor who can discuss the option of artificial insemination. (lovetoknow.com)
  • Although artificial insemination has come to be synonymous with intrauterine insemination (IUI), it also refers to several other ways of becoming pregnant using assisted techniques. (lovetoknow.com)
  • In conclusion, CT is a consolidated technique to diagnose CYTO at AI, PMN 1% is the threshold level to diagnose CYTO at AI, around one-quarter of inseminated uteri suffer from CYTO, and affected uteri having a significantly lower chance to become pregnant from that insemination. (ugent.be)
  • The first successful experiment with artificial insemination in animals was performed by Italian physiologist Lazzaro Spallanzani , who in 1780, while investigating animal reproduction , developed a technique for artificial insemination in dogs. (britannica.com)
  • Our goal was to develop artificial insemination as a tool that could be used to help support and maintain healthy reproducing populations of sharks in aquariums," says Jen Wyffels, the paper's lead author who conducted the research for this paper with the South-East Zoo Alliance for Reproduction & Conservation and is currently a researcher at the University of Delaware. (eurekalert.org)
  • Canine reproduction, particularly by artificial insemination, has come a long way in the last 20 to 30 years. (dogslife.com.au)
  • Déterminer les effets du type de cathéter utilisé lors d'insémination artificielle sur la taille des portées et le taux de mise-bas et évaluer les différences économiques entre les deux cathéters en fonction des différences observées dans les performances de reproduction. (aasv.org)
  • Morris L H (2004) Low dose insemination in the mare: an update . (vetstream.com)
  • Compare all the fertility specialists and contact the ai - artificial insemination clinic in Asia that's right for you. (whatclinic.com)
  • There will be a Goat Artificial Insemination (AI) Clinic on May 16-17 at the University of Maryland Eastern Shore (UMES) in Princess Anne. (blogspot.com)
  • Based on a large number of studies we are critically mentioning the semen characteristics and artificial insemination in the buffalo. (ivis.org)