The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous insects through chemical, biological, or other means.
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A species of gram-positive bacteria which may be pathogenic for certain insects. It is used for the biological control of the Gypsy moth.
Proteins found in any species of insect.
Proteins from BACTERIA and FUNGI that are soluble enough to be secreted to target ERYTHROCYTES and insert into the membrane to form beta-barrel pores. Biosynthesis may be regulated by HEMOLYSIN FACTORS.
Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
Viruses infecting insects, the largest family being BACULOVIRIDAE.
The functional hereditary units of INSECTS.
Hormones secreted by insects. They influence their growth and development. Also synthetic substances that act like insect hormones.
A genus of owlet moths of the family Noctuidae. These insects are used in molecular biology studies during all stages of their life cycle.
A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
The genetic complement of an insect (INSECTS) as represented in its DNA.
Substances causing insects to turn away from them or reject them as food.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
Family of INSECT VIRUSES containing two subfamilies: Eubaculovirinae (occluded baculoviruses) and Nudibaculovirinae (nonoccluded baculoviruses). The Eubaculovirinae, which contain polyhedron-shaped inclusion bodies, have two genera: NUCLEOPOLYHEDROVIRUS and GRANULOVIRUS. Baculovirus vectors are used for expression of foreign genes in insects.
Insects that transmit infective organisms from one host to another or from an inanimate reservoir to an animate host.
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
INSECTS of the order Coleoptera, containing over 350,000 species in 150 families. They possess hard bodies and their mouthparts are adapted for chewing.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
The blood/lymphlike nutrient fluid of some invertebrates.
Insects of the order Dictyoptera comprising several families including Blaberidae, BLATTELLIDAE, Blattidae (containing the American cockroach PERIPLANETA americana), Cryptocercidae, and Polyphagidae.
Plant-eating orthopterans having hindlegs adapted for jumping. There are two main families: Acrididae and Romaleidae. Some of the more common genera are: Melanoplus, the most common grasshopper; Conocephalus, the eastern meadow grasshopper; and Pterophylla, the true katydid.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A suborder of HEMIPTERA, called true bugs, characterized by the possession of two pairs of wings. It includes the medically important families CIMICIDAE and REDUVIIDAE. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A genus of beetles which infests grain products. Its larva is called mealworm.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A genus of small beetles of the family Tenebrionidae; T. confusum is the "confused flour beetle".
The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.
An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.

Can anything be done to maintain the effectiveness of pyrethroid-impregnated bednets against malaria vectors? (1/579)

Pyrethroid-treated bednets are the most promising available method of controlling malaria in the tropical world. Every effort should be made to find methods of responding to, or preventing, the emergence of pyrethroid resistance in the Anopheles vectors. Some cases of such resistance are known, notably in An. gambiae in West Africa where the kdr type of resistance has been selected, probably because of the use of pyrethroids on cotton. Because pyrethroids are irritant to mosquitoes, laboratory studies on the impact of, and selection for, resistance need to be conducted with free-flying mosquitoes in conditions that are as realistic as possible. Such studies are beginning to suggest that, although there is cross-resistance to all pyrethroids, some treatments are less likely to select for resistance than others are. Organophosphate, carbamate and phenyl pyrazole insecticides have been tested as alternative treatments for nets or curtains. Attempts have been made to mix an insect growth regulator and a pyrethroid on netting to sterilize pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes that are not killed after contact with the netting. There seems to be no easy solution to the problem of pyrethroid resistance management, but further research is urgently needed.  (+info)

Chagas disease vector control through different intervention modalities in endemic localities of Paraguay. (2/579)

In a field study carried out in three rural communities in Paraguay in a zone endemic for Chagas disease, we implemented three different vector control interventions--spraying, housing improvement, and a combination of spraying plus housing improvement--which effectively reduced the triatomine infestation. The reduction of triatomine infestation was 100% (47/47) in the combined intervention community, whereas in the community where housing improvement was carried out it was 96.4% (53/55). In the community where fumigation alone was used, the impact was 97.6% (40/41) in terms of domiciliary infestation. In all the houses where an intervention was made, an 18-month follow-up showed reinfestation rates of less than 10%. A serological survey of the population in the pre- and post-intervention periods revealed a shift in positive cases towards older age groups, but no significant differences were observed. The rate of seroconversion was 1.3% (three new cases) in the community with housing improvement only, but none of these cases could have resulted from vector transmission. The most cost-effective intervention was insecticide spraying, which during a 21-month follow-up period had a high impact on triatomine infestation and cost US$ 29 per house as opposed to US$ 700 per house for housing improvement.  (+info)

Chemical control of Haematobia irritans with 0.5% topical ivermectin solution in cattle. (3/579)

A field trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a topical formulation of ivermectin administered at the dose of 500 micrograms/kg against horn flies (Haematobia irritans) in cattle. Eighty-eight cattle in four herds naturally exposed to horn flies were used in the trial. Replicates were formed of two herds. Within replicates, one herd was randomly allocated to the untreated control and the other to the ivermectin treatment group. Horn fly counts were taken on the treatment day (Day 0) and on Days 7, 14, 21, 28, and 35 post-treatment. There were no horn flies on any cattle in the treatment group, whereas all the control cattle were continuously infested by horn flies on each examination day.  (+info)

Genomic and evolutionary analysis of Feilai, a diverse family of highly reiterated SINEs in the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. (4/579)

Five short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs) were found fortuitously in the introns of a steroid hormone receptor AaHR3-2 gene of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti, constituting a novel family of tRNA-related SINEs named Feilai. In addition, nine other Feilai elements were found in currently available sequences in Ae. aegypti, six of which were also near genes. Approximately 5.9 x 10(4) copies of Feilai were present in Ae. aegypti, equivalent to 2% of the entire genome. An additional 35 Feilai elements were isolated from a genomic library. Of the total 49 Feilai elements, 20 were full-length. Sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analyses of the full-length elements strongly suggest that there are at least two subfamilies within the Feilai family. There is a high degree of conservation within the two subfamilies. However, sequence divergence between the subfamilies, along with the presence of highly degenerate Feilai elements, suggests that Feilai is likely a diverse family of SINEs that has existed in Ae. aegypti for a long time. Many Feilai elements were closely associated with other transposons, especially with fragments of non-LTR retrotransposons and miniature inverted-repeat transposable elements. The 500-bp sequences immediately flanking a Feilai element were highly A + T-rich, which is consistent with the fact that no Feilai has been found in the coding regions of genes. It is likely that the highly reiterated and interspersed Feilai elements are partially responsible for the pattern of short-period interspersion of the Ae. aegypti genome. The evolutionary relationship between Feilai and the Ae. aegypti genome is likely complex.  (+info)

Environmental controls in reducing house dust mites and nasal symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis. (5/579)

A randomized comparison group pretest-posttest experimental design was used to quantitatively determine the effects of environmental control measures on patients with allergic rhinitis. Environmental controls included wrapping the mattress with a vinyl cover, washing the top bedding cover with 55 degrees C hot water every two weeks, removal of soft furniture, and wet cleaning of the bedroom floor every day. Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The amount of house dust mites in dust samples collected from the bedroom floor, bedding and mattress, as well as the nasal symptoms of patients, were measured twice at one-month intervals. A significant decrease in house dust mites in dust samples and relief in patients' nasal symptoms were observed in the experimental group who had environmental controls.  (+info)

Short report: entomologic inoculation rates and Plasmodium falciparum malaria prevalence in Africa. (6/579)

Epidemiologic patterns of malaria infection are governed by environmental parameters that regulate vector populations of Anopheles mosquitoes. The intensity of malaria parasite transmission is normally expressed as the entomologic inoculation rate (EIR), the product of the vector biting rate times the proportion of mosquitoes infected with sporozoite-stage malaria parasites. Malaria transmission intensity in Africa is highly variable with annual EIRs ranging from < 1 to > 1,000 infective bites per person per year. Malaria control programs often seek to reduce morbidity and mortality due to malaria by reducing or eliminating malaria parasite transmission by mosquitoes. This report evaluates data from 31 sites throughout Africa to establish fundamental relationships between annual EIRs and the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection. The majority of sites fitted a linear relationship (r2 = 0.71) between malaria prevalence and the logarithm of the annual EIR. Some sites with EIRs < 5 infective bites per year had levels of P. falciparum prevalence exceeding 40%. When transmission exceeded 15 infective bites per year, there were no sites with prevalence rates < 50%. Annual EIRs of 200 or greater were consistently associated with prevalence rates > 80%. The basic relationship between EIR and P. falciparum prevalence, which likely holds in east and west Africa, and across different ecologic zones, shows convincingly that substantial reductions in malaria prevalence are likely to be achieved only when EIRs are reduced to levels less than 1 infective bite per person per year. The analysis also highlights that the EIR is a more direct measure of transmission intensity than traditional measures of malaria prevalence or hospital-based measures of infection or disease incidence. As such, malaria field programs need to consider both entomologic and clinical assessments of the efficacy of transmission control measures.  (+info)

Surveillance for acute pesticide-related illness during the Medfly eradication program--Florida, 1998. (7/579)

The Mediterranean fruit fly (Medfly) (Ceratitis capitata, Wiedemann) is an exotic insect that can damage approximately 250 fruit and vegetable plant species and is a serious threat to domestic agriculture. During the spring and summer of 1998, pesticides were used by federal and state agriculture authorities to eradicate Medfly infestations that had been detected in portions of five Florida counties (Table 1). This report summarizes surveillance data, describes probable and possible cases of illness associated with the eradication effort, and provides recommendations for future Medfly-eradication programs.  (+info)

Pathology and epizootiology of Entomophaga maimaiga infections in forest Lepidoptera. (8/579)

The insect-pathogenic fungal pathogen Entomophaga maimaiga is endemic to northeastern Asia and was first found in North America in 1989. Due to repeated epizootics and spread within populations of the major forest defoliator in northeastern North America, the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar), this pathogen has gained much notoriety. Although this pathogen was purposely introduced to North America for biological control of L. dispar in 1910 to 1911, it is questionable whether it became established at the time of release and then remained at innocuous levels until relatively recently. Alternatively, the fungal strain present in North America today could be a more recent accidental introduction. DNA analysis demonstrates that this pathogen differs significantly from North American members of the same species complex (the Lepidoptera-specific Entomophaga aulicae species complex), and, to date, isolates of this introduced pathogen display little heterogeneity in North America. Nonsusceptible lepidopteran larvae have been identified, and either E. maimaiga is unable to penetrate the cuticle or the fungus cannot survive within the hemocoel. In the latter case, although E. maimaiga grows as protoplasts lacking cell walls in the host hemolymph, glycoproteins on plasma membranes of the protoplasts could lead to host recognition. Epizootiological studies demonstrate a clear association between fungal activity and environmental moisture but little association with host density under hypothesized conditions of high fungal density. Prediction of the occurrence of epizootics is not yet possible. E. maimaiga is easily established in new areas by releasing azygospores, but the ability to use this pathogen further for biological control will depend, in large part, on the development of mass production systems.  (+info)

'Insect control' is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, it generally refers to the methods and practices used to manage or reduce the population of insects that can be harmful or disruptive to human health, food supply, or property. This can include various strategies such as chemical pesticides, biological control agents, habitat modification, and other integrated pest management techniques.

In medical terms, 'vector control' is a more relevant concept, which refers to the specific practices used to reduce or prevent the transmission of infectious diseases by insects and other arthropods that act as disease vectors (such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas). Vector control measures may include the use of insecticides, larvicides, biological control agents, environmental management, personal protection methods, and other integrated vector management strategies.

I apologize for any confusion, but "insects" are not a medical term. Insects are small air-breathing arthropods that have a segmented body with six legs and usually have wings. They make up the largest group of animals on Earth, with over a million described species.

If you're looking for information about a specific medical condition or topic, please provide more details so I can offer a relevant response.

Biological pest control, also known as biocontrol, is a method of managing or eliminating pests such as insects, mites, weeds, and plant diseases using natural enemies or other organisms. These biological control agents include predators, parasites, pathogens, and competitors that regulate pest populations and reduce the need for chemical pesticides. Biological pest control is a key component of integrated pest management (IPM) programs and has minimal impact on the environment compared to traditional pest control methods.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "pest control" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. Pest control refers to the regulation or management of species considered to be pests, which can include insects, rodents, and other organisms that can cause damage to crops, transmit diseases, or otherwise negatively impact human activities.

In a medical context, you might be looking for information on "pesticide exposure" or "insect-borne diseases." Pesticide exposure refers to the contact with pesticides, which are substances used to control pests. These exposures can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact and may lead to a variety of health effects depending on the type and amount of pesticide involved. Insect-borne diseases are illnesses transmitted to humans through the bite of infected insects, such as mosquitoes, ticks, or fleas. Examples include malaria, Lyme disease, and Zika virus infection.

Insecticides are substances or mixtures of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or mitigating any pest, including insects, arachnids, or other related pests. They can be chemical or biological agents that disrupt the growth, development, or behavior of these organisms, leading to their death or incapacitation. Insecticides are widely used in agriculture, public health, and residential settings for pest control. However, they must be used with caution due to potential risks to non-target organisms and the environment.

'Bacillus thuringiensis' (Bt) is a gram-positive, soil-dwelling bacterium that produces crystalline parasporal proteins during sporulation. These proteins are insecticidal and have the ability to kill certain insects when ingested. Different strains of Bt produce different types of insecticidal proteins, allowing them to target specific insect pests.

Bt is widely used in organic farming and integrated pest management programs as a natural alternative to chemical pesticides. It can be applied as a spray or incorporated into the genetic material of crops through biotechnology, producing transgenic plants known as Bt crops. These crops express the insecticidal proteins and protect themselves from specific pests, reducing the need for external applications of Bt formulations.

Bt is considered safe for humans, animals, and non-target organisms when used properly, as the parasporal proteins are not toxic to them. However, misuse or overreliance on Bt can lead to resistance development in target pests, reducing its effectiveness.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Insect Proteins" is not a recognized medical term. However, I can provide some information about insect protein from a nutritional and food science perspective.

Insect proteins refer to the proteins that are obtained from insects. Insects are a rich source of protein, and their protein content varies by species. For example, mealworms and crickets have been found to contain approximately 47-63% and 60-72% protein by dry weight, respectively.

In recent years, insect proteins have gained attention as a potential sustainable source of nutrition due to their high protein content, low environmental impact, and the ability to convert feed into protein more efficiently compared to traditional livestock. Insect proteins can be used in various applications such as food and feed additives, nutritional supplements, and even cosmetics.

However, it's important to note that the use of insect proteins in human food is not widely accepted in many Western countries due to cultural and regulatory barriers. Nonetheless, research and development efforts continue to explore the potential benefits and applications of insect proteins in the global food system.

Hemolysins are a type of protein toxin produced by certain bacteria, fungi, and plants that have the ability to damage and destroy red blood cells (erythrocytes), leading to their lysis or hemolysis. This results in the release of hemoglobin into the surrounding environment. Hemolysins can be classified into two main categories:

1. Exotoxins: These are secreted by bacteria and directly damage host cells. They can be further divided into two types:
* Membrane attack complex/perforin-like proteins (MACPF): These hemolysins create pores in the membrane of red blood cells, disrupting their integrity and causing lysis. Examples include alpha-hemolysin from Staphylococcus aureus and streptolysin O from Streptococcus pyogenes.
* Enzymatic hemolysins: These hemolysins are enzymes that degrade specific components of the red blood cell membrane, ultimately leading to lysis. An example is streptolysin S from Streptococcus pyogenes, which is a thiol-activated, oxygen-labile hemolysin.
2. Endotoxins: These are part of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria and can cause indirect hemolysis by activating the complement system or by stimulating the release of inflammatory mediators from host cells.

Hemolysins play a significant role in bacterial pathogenesis, contributing to tissue damage, impaired immune responses, and disease progression.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Moths" are not a medical term, but rather they are a group of insects closely related to butterflies. They belong to the order Lepidoptera and are characterized by their scales covering their wings and body. If you have any questions about moths or if you meant to ask something else, please let me know!

Endotoxins are toxic substances that are associated with the cell walls of certain types of bacteria. They are released when the bacterial cells die or divide, and can cause a variety of harmful effects in humans and animals. Endotoxins are made up of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), which are complex molecules consisting of a lipid and a polysaccharide component.

Endotoxins are particularly associated with gram-negative bacteria, which have a distinctive cell wall structure that includes an outer membrane containing LPS. These toxins can cause fever, inflammation, and other symptoms when they enter the bloodstream or other tissues of the body. They are also known to play a role in the development of sepsis, a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by a severe immune response to infection.

Endotoxins are resistant to heat, acid, and many disinfectants, making them difficult to eliminate from contaminated environments. They can also be found in a variety of settings, including hospitals, industrial facilities, and agricultural operations, where they can pose a risk to human health.

A larva is a distinct stage in the life cycle of various insects, mites, and other arthropods during which they undergo significant metamorphosis before becoming adults. In a medical context, larvae are known for their role in certain parasitic infections. Specifically, some helminth (parasitic worm) species use larval forms to infect human hosts. These invasions may lead to conditions such as cutaneous larva migrans, visceral larva migrans, or gnathostomiasis, depending on the specific parasite involved and the location of the infection within the body.

The larval stage is characterized by its markedly different morphology and behavior compared to the adult form. Larvae often have a distinct appearance, featuring unsegmented bodies, simple sense organs, and undeveloped digestive systems. They are typically adapted for a specific mode of life, such as free-living or parasitic existence, and rely on external sources of nutrition for their development.

In the context of helminth infections, larvae may be transmitted to humans through various routes, including ingestion of contaminated food or water, direct skin contact with infective stages, or transmission via an intermediate host (such as a vector). Once inside the human body, these parasitic larvae can cause tissue damage and provoke immune responses, leading to the clinical manifestations of disease.

It is essential to distinguish between the medical definition of 'larva' and its broader usage in biology and zoology. In those fields, 'larva' refers to any juvenile form that undergoes metamorphosis before reaching adulthood, regardless of whether it is parasitic or not.

Insect viruses, also known as entomoviruses, are viruses that specifically infect and replicate in insect hosts. These viruses can be found in various insect species, including those of medical and agricultural importance. Insect viruses can cause diseases in insect populations, leading to significant impacts on their growth, development, and survival. Some insect viruses have been studied as potential biological control agents for managing pest insects that affect crops or transmit diseases. Examples of insect viruses include Baculoviridae, Reoviridae, and Picornaviridae families.

Genes in insects refer to the hereditary units of DNA that are passed down from parents to offspring and contain the instructions for the development, function, and reproduction of an organism. These genetic materials are located within the chromosomes in the nucleus of insect cells. They play a crucial role in determining various traits such as physical characteristics, behavior, and susceptibility to diseases.

Insect genes, like those of other organisms, consist of exons (coding regions) that contain information for protein synthesis and introns (non-coding regions) that are removed during the process of gene expression. The expression of insect genes is regulated by various factors such as transcription factors, enhancers, and silencers, which bind to specific DNA sequences to activate or repress gene transcription.

Understanding the genetic makeup of insects has important implications for various fields, including agriculture, public health, and evolutionary biology. For example, genes associated with insect pests' resistance to pesticides can be identified and targeted to develop more effective control strategies. Similarly, genes involved in disease transmission by insect vectors such as mosquitoes can be studied to develop novel interventions for preventing the spread of infectious diseases.

Insect hormones are chemical messengers that regulate various physiological and behavioral processes in insects. They are produced and released by endocrine glands and organs, such as the corpora allata, prothoracic glands, and neurosecretory cells located in the brain. Insect hormones play crucial roles in the regulation of growth and development, reproduction, diapause (a state of dormancy), metamorphosis, molting, and other vital functions. Some well-known insect hormones include juvenile hormone (JH), ecdysteroids (such as 20-hydroxyecdysone), and neuropeptides like the brain hormone and adipokinetic hormone. These hormones act through specific receptors, often transmembrane proteins, to elicit intracellular signaling cascades that ultimately lead to changes in gene expression, cell behavior, or organ function. Understanding insect hormones is essential for developing novel strategies for pest management and control, as well as for advancing our knowledge of insect biology and evolution.

"Spodoptera" is not a medical term, but a genus name in the insect family Noctuidae. It includes several species of moths commonly known as armyworms or cutworms due to their habit of consuming leaves and roots of various plants, causing significant damage to crops.

Some well-known species in this genus are Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm), Spodoptera litura (tobacco cutworm), and Spodoptera exigua (beet armyworm). These pests can be a concern for medical entomology when they transmit pathogens or cause allergic reactions. For instance, their frass (feces) and shed skins may trigger asthma symptoms in susceptible individuals. However, the insects themselves are not typically considered medical issues unless they directly affect human health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Lepidoptera" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic order that includes moths and butterflies, which are insects known for their distinctive wing scales. This term is used in the field of biology, not medicine.

A genome in the context of insects refers to the complete set of genetic material, including all of the DNA and RNA, that is present in the cells of an insect. The genome contains all of the genes that provide the instructions for the development, growth, and function of the insect. It also includes non-coding regions of DNA that may have regulatory functions or may be the result of historical processes.

The genome of an insect is typically divided into several chromosomes, which are structures in the cell's nucleus that contain long stretches of DNA. The number and appearance of these chromosomes can vary between different species of insects. For example, some insects may have a diploid number of two sets of chromosomes (one set from each parent), while others may have a haploid number of a single set of chromosomes.

The genome size of insects can also vary significantly, with some species having genomes that are only a few hundred million base pairs in length, while others have genomes that are several billion base pairs long. The genome sequence of an insect can provide valuable insights into its evolutionary history, as well as information about the genes and regulatory elements that are important for its biology and behavior.

Insect repellents are substances that are applied to the skin, clothing, or other surfaces to deter insects from landing or crawling on that surface. They work by masking the scents that attract insects or by repelling them with unpleasant odors. Insect repellents can be chemical-based, such as those containing DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide), picaridin, or IR3535, or they can be natural, such as those containing oil of lemon eucalyptus or citronella. These substances work by interfering with the insect's ability to detect human scent, making it less likely that they will come into contact with the person using the repellent. Insect repellents are an important tool in preventing insect-borne diseases such as Lyme disease, West Nile virus, and Zika virus.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hemiptera" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic order in the classification of living things, also known as "true bugs." This group includes species such as cicadas, aphids, and bedbugs. If you have a medical term in mind, please provide it so I can give you an accurate definition.

Baculoviridae is a family of large, double-stranded DNA viruses that infect arthropods, particularly insects. The virions (virus particles) are enclosed in a rod-shaped or occlusion body called a polyhedron, which provides protection and stability in the environment. Baculoviruses have a wide host range within the order Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies), Hymenoptera (sawflies, bees, wasps, and ants), and Diptera (flies). They are important pathogens in agriculture and forestry, causing significant damage to insect pests.

The Baculoviridae family is divided into four genera: Alphabaculovirus, Betabaculovirus, Gammabaculovirus, and Deltabaculovirus. The two most well-studied and economically important genera are Alphabaculovirus (nuclear polyhedrosis viruses or NPVs) and Betabaculovirus (granulosis viruses or GVs).

Baculoviruses have a biphasic replication cycle, consisting of a budded phase and an occluded phase. During the budded phase, the virus infects host cells and produces enveloped virions that can spread to other cells within the insect. In the occluded phase, large numbers of non-enveloped virions are produced and encapsidated in a protein matrix called a polyhedron. These polyhedra accumulate in the infected insect's tissues, providing protection from environmental degradation and facilitating transmission to new hosts through oral ingestion or other means.

Baculoviruses have been extensively studied as models for understanding viral replication, gene expression, and host-pathogen interactions. They also have potential applications in biotechnology and pest control, including the production of recombinant proteins, gene therapy vectors, and environmentally friendly insecticides.

Insect vectors are insects that transmit disease-causing pathogens (such as viruses, bacteria, parasites) from one host to another. They do this while feeding on the host's blood or tissues. The insects themselves are not infected by the pathogen but act as mechanical carriers that pass it on during their bite. Examples of diseases spread by insect vectors include malaria (transmitted by mosquitoes), Lyme disease (transmitted by ticks), and plague (transmitted by fleas). Proper prevention measures, such as using insect repellent and reducing standing water where mosquitoes breed, can help reduce the risk of contracting these diseases.

Insect bites and stings refer to the penetration of the skin by insects, such as mosquitoes, fleas, ticks, or bees, often resulting in localized symptoms including redness, swelling, itching, and pain. The reaction can vary depending on the individual's sensitivity and the type of insect. In some cases, systemic reactions like anaphylaxis may occur, which requires immediate medical attention. Treatment typically involves relieving symptoms with topical creams, antihistamines, or in severe cases, epinephrine. Prevention measures include using insect repellent and protective clothing.

"Beetles" is not a medical term. It is a common name used to refer to insects belonging to the order Coleoptera, which is one of the largest orders in the class Insecta. Beetles are characterized by their hardened forewings, known as elytra, which protect their hind wings and body when not in use for flying.

There are many different species of beetles found all over the world, and some can have an impact on human health. For example, certain types of beetles, such as bed bugs and carpet beetles, can cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in some people. Other beetles, like the Colorado potato beetle, can damage crops and lead to economic losses for farmers. However, it is important to note that most beetles are not harmful to humans and play an essential role in ecosystems as decomposers and pollinators.

Diptera is an order of insects that includes flies, mosquitoes, and gnats. The name "Diptera" comes from the Greek words "di," meaning two, and "pteron," meaning wing. This refers to the fact that all members of this order have a single pair of functional wings for flying, while the other pair is reduced to small knob-like structures called halteres, which help with balance and maneuverability during flight.

Some common examples of Diptera include houseflies, fruit flies, horseflies, tsetse flies, and midges. Many species in this order are important pollinators, while others can be significant pests or disease vectors. The study of Diptera is called dipterology.

Hemolymph is not a term typically used in human medicine, but it is commonly used in the study of invertebrates, particularly arthropods such as insects and crustaceans. Hemolymph is the fluid that circulates within the open circulatory system of these animals, serving multiple functions similar to both blood and lymphatic systems in vertebrates.

In simpler terms, hemolymph is a combined fluid that performs the functions of both blood and lymph in invertebrates. It serves as a transport medium for nutrients, waste products, hormones, and immune cells (hemocytes) throughout the body. Hemolymph does not contain red and white blood cells like human blood; instead, hemocytes are the primary cellular components responsible for immune responses and wound healing in these animals.

Cockroaches are not a medical condition or disease. They are a type of insect that can be found in many parts of the world. Some species of cockroaches are known to carry diseases and allergens, which can cause health problems for some people. Cockroach allergens can trigger asthma symptoms, especially in children. Additionally, cockroaches can contaminate food and surfaces with bacteria and other germs, which can lead to illnesses such as salmonellosis and gastroenteritis.

If you have a problem with cockroaches in your home or workplace, it is important to take steps to eliminate them to reduce the risk of health problems. This may include cleaning up food and water sources, sealing entry points, and using pesticides or hiring a professional pest control service.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "grasshoppers" is not a term used in medical definitions. Grasshoppers are a type of insect that belongs to the order Orthoptera and suborder Caelifera. They are known for their long hind legs which they use for jumping, and some species can jump over 20 times their own body length. If you have any questions about medical terminology or topics, I'd be happy to help with those instead!

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

Heteroptera is not a medical term, but a taxonomic category in zoology. It refers to a suborder of insects within the order Hemiptera, also known as true bugs. This group includes a wide variety of species, such as bed bugs, assassin bugs, and stink bugs. While Heteroptera is not directly related to human health or medicine, some species can have medical importance as disease vectors or pests.

"Tenebrio" is the genus name for mealworm beetles, which are insects commonly found in stored grains and animal feed. The most common species is Tenebrio molitor. Mealworms and their larvae are often used as a food source for pets, such as reptiles and birds, but they can also cause damage to crops and structures if they infest them. They have been studied in various medical and scientific research fields including nutrition, toxicology, and allergies. Some people may have allergic reactions to mealworms or their byproducts.

"Bees" are not a medical term, as they refer to various flying insects belonging to the Apidae family in the Apoidea superfamily. They are known for their role in pollination and honey production. If you're looking for medical definitions or information, please provide relevant terms.

"Tribolium" is not a term commonly used in medical definitions. It is actually the name of a genus of beetles, also known as flour beetles, which are often used in scientific research, particularly in the fields of genetics and evolution. If you have any confusion with a specific medical context where this term was used, I would recommend checking the source again for clarification.

"Animal Flight" is not a medical term per se, but it is a concept that is studied in the field of comparative physiology and biomechanics, which are disciplines related to medicine. Animal flight refers to the ability of certain animal species to move through the air by flapping their wings or other appendages. This mode of locomotion is most commonly associated with birds, bats, and insects, but some mammals such as flying squirrels and sugar gliders are also capable of gliding through the air.

The study of animal flight involves understanding the biomechanics of how animals generate lift and propulsion, as well as the physiological adaptations that allow them to sustain flight. For example, birds have lightweight skeletons and powerful chest muscles that enable them to flap their wings rapidly and generate lift. Bats, on the other hand, use a more complex system of membranes and joints to manipulate their wings and achieve maneuverability in flight.

Understanding animal flight has important implications for the design of aircraft and other engineering systems, as well as for our broader understanding of how animals have evolved to adapt to their environments.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "wasps" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. Wasps are a type of insect in the order Hymenoptera, and some people can have allergic reactions to their stings. However, there is no medical condition or disease specifically associated with wasps. If you have any specific medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try to help if I can!

"Periplaneta" is a genus name that refers to a group of large, winged insects commonly known as cockroaches. The two most common species in this genus are the American cockroach (Periplaneta americana) and the German cockroach (Periplaneta germantica). These insects are typically found in warm, humid environments and can often be seen scurrying across floors or walls in homes, restaurants, and other buildings. They are known to carry diseases and can cause allergies and asthma attacks in some people.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hymenoptera" is not a medical term. It is a scientific classification in biology, specifically referring to an order of insects that includes sawflies, bees, ants, and wasps. These insects are characterized by having two pairs of membranous wings (except for some species that have only one pair or are wingless) and a slender waist. Some people may have allergic reactions to the venom of stinging Hymenoptera, such as bees and wasps, which can cause medical issues. However, "Hymenoptera" itself is not a medical term.

Fogging is also used for controlling insects in closed spaces like greenhouses, homes and basements.[page needed] Paarmann, W ... The floor below the trees are lined with plastic sheets and the fog causes insects to fall in the rain. These are collected for ... Fogging is a technique used for killing insects that involves using a fine pesticide spray (aerosol) which is directed by a ... This is widely used for sampling or studying insects in the canopy of tall forests which cannot be effectively reached. ...
Insect collecting Integrated pest management Biological pest control Insecticidal soap Organic farming Nancy D. Epsky; Wendell ... Robert Arnold Wardle, Philip Buckle (1929). The Principles of Insect Control. Manchester University Press. p. 212. Buffington, ... Insect traps are used to monitor or directly reduce populations of insects or other arthropods, by trapping individuals and ... Insect Attractants and Traps. ENY277. University of Florida IFAS. Published 1995. Revised 2005. Kronkright, D. P. Insect Traps ...
The sterile insect technique (SIT) is a method of biological insect control, whereby overwhelming numbers of sterile insects ... "Sterile Insect Technique, Insect Pest Control - NAFA". www-naweb.iaea.org. "DIR-SIT - World-Wide Directory of SIT Facilities ( ... Sterile Insect Technique". Nuclear Techniques for Insect Pest Control - IAEA. Retrieved 2021-11-16. (Articles with French- ... Mosquito birth control BBC Online article Plan to Eradicate the Tsetse Fly Sterile Insect Technique Improving Sterile Male ...
Many insects can hover, maintaining height and controlling their position. Some insects such as moths have the forewings ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Insect flight. An Insect's Role In The Development Of Micro Air Vehicles Insect-like ... Insects use sensory feedback to maintain and control flight. Research has demonstrated the role of sensory structures such as ... For smaller insects, it may be as low as 10. This means that viscous effects are much more important to the smaller insects. ...
"Sterile insect technique in codling moth control". Sterile Insect Technique and Radiation in Insect Control: 85-89. Astaurov, B ... Smith, R. H.; von Borstel, R. C. (1972-12-15). "Genetic Control of Insect Populations: A wide variety of documented genetic ... Sterilizing insects with ionizing radiation. pp. 233-268 In V. A. Dyck, J. Hendrichs, and A. S. Robinson (eds.), Sterile Insect ... "Biology, History, Threat, Surveillance and Control of the Cactus Moth, Cactoblastis cactorum, Books & Proceedings, Insect Pest ...
Hotels also attract predatory insects which help control unwanted bugs. For example, earwigs are good to have present in and ... An insect hotel, also known as a bug hotel or insect house, is a manmade structure created to provide shelter for insects. They ... Many insect hotels are used as nest sites by insects including solitary bees and solitary wasps. These insects drag prey to the ... Insect house in Pontgibaud, Puy-de-Dôme, France Insect hotel in the botanical garden of Wuppertal, Germany Insect hotel in the ...
Possessed by it, Lana became a supervillainess called Insect Queen, with the ability to control and enlarge insects. She ... Each of the versions of Insect Queen can control insects and arachnids. Greenberger, Robert; Pasko, Martin (2010). The ... The Insect Queen comes from the All-Hive, a civilization of giant insects. Because only one Queen can rule the All-Hive, she ... She also begins transforming workers on a LexCorp moonbase into worker insects. When Insect Queen returns for her part of the ...
"Flight Control System for a Micromechanical Flying Insect: Architecture and Implementation" (PDF). http://www.robots.org/ ... The Micromechanical Flying Insect (MFI) is a miniature UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle) composed of a metal body, two wings, and a ... "AeroVironment". Wood, R. "Microrobotics Using Composite Materials: The Micromechanical Flying Insect Thorax" (PDF). Fearing, ... the MFI has to have an autonomous computer system because it is too small to be controlled by a remote, so it must be able to ...
Humans exploit the insect olfactory system to control agricultural and disease carrying pests. For some agricultural pests ... Insect olfaction refers to the function of chemical receptors that enable insects to detect and identify volatile compounds for ... While there are thousands of chemicals insects can detect there is a limited range that insects use as cues to move towards or ... Thus, it is the most important sensation for insects. Most important insect behaviors must be timed perfectly which is ...
These hazards in insects can be controlled in various ways. Allergic hazards can be labelled on the packaging to avoid ... Thus, insects may be an acceptable source of protein for pets. To learn more about sustainability of insect rearing, see Insect ... The machinery would have to house proper enclosure for each life cycle of the insect as well as the temperature control as that ... Insect-based pet food is pet food consisting of, or containing insects digestible by pets such as dogs or cats. A limited, but ...
Insect ORs are investigated as targets for pest control given the possibility of altering the behaviour of insects by ... Venthur H, Zhou JJ (2018). "Odorant Receptors and Odorant-Binding Proteins as Insect Pest Control Targets: A Comparative ... Insect olfactory receptors (also known as odorant receptors, ORs) are expressed in the cell membranes of the olfactory sensory ... The number of ORs in different species of insects is extremely variable ranging from as few as 8 in the damselfly, to 60 in the ...
In pest control, the use of pheromones in attractant traps to control insects is common practice. This can involve attracting ... It is expected that insect pheromones can also contribute in this way to the control of insect-borne infectious diseases such ... The agriculture and forestry industries use insect pheromones commercially in pest control using insect traps to prevent egg ... The application of insect pheromones in pest control has been intensively studied, especially since the first syntheses, with ...
Release of Insects carrying Dominant Lethals or RIDL is a control strategy using genetically engineered insects that have ( ... This causes the population of insects to crash. This technique is being developed for some insects and for other insects has ... Inherited sterility in insects List of sterile insect technique trials Insect ecology Detection of genetically modified ... including insects. Insect genomes can be found in genetic databases such as NCBI, and databases more specific to insects such ...
Polet, Delyle (2011-05-06). "The Biggest Bugs: An investigation into the factors controlling the maximum size of insects". ... These insects can reach a length of 5 cm (2.0 in). The largest insect of the Palaeodictyoptera order, Mazothairos enormis from ... These heavyweight insects can be over 9 cm (3.5 in) long. Related to modern orthopterans, Triassic insects of the extinct ... "Longest Insect discovered in China". Archived from the original on May 8, 2016. "The discovery of the world's longest insect. ...
... that inhibits the life cycle of an insect. IGRs are typically used as insecticides to control populations of harmful insect ... IGRs are also more compatible with pest management systems that use biological controls. In addition, while insects can become ... "Insect Growth Regulators (IGRs)" (PDF). Retrieved 20 November 2010.[dead link] Krysan, James; Dunley, John. "Insect Growth ... Unlike classic insecticides, IGRs do not affect an insect's nervous system and are thus more friendly to "worker insects" ...
Strang, Thomas J. K. "A Review of Published Temperatures for the Control of Pest Insects in Museums" (PDF). p. 3.[permanent ... Pseudoscorpions such as Chelifer cancroides may live in books and feed on book-eating insects, controlling their numbers. The ... Bookworm is a general name for any insect that is said to bore through books. The damage to books that is commonly attributed ... Firebrat Silverfish Pesticides can be used to protect books from these insects, but they are often made with harsh chemicals ...
After implantation, the "insect cyborgs" could be controlled by sending electrical impulses to their muscles. The primary ... Uppal, Rajesh (1 May 2019). "DARPA's HI-MEMS (Hybrid Insect Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems) Created Cyborg Insects for ... Hybrid Insect Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (HI-MEMS) is a project of DARPA, a unit of the United States Department of ... "Dragonfly or Insect Spy? Scientists at Work on Robobugs". October 9, 2007 - via www.washingtonpost.com. "Patent Vector". ...
Insects that have evolved freeze-tolerance strategies manage to avoid tissue damage by controlling where, when, and to what ... Insects that live under the water have different strategies for dealing with freezing than terrestrial insects do. Many insect ... Some insects accomplish this through inoculative freezing, while others produce cryoprotectants to control the rate of ice ... The regulated production of ice nucleating proteins allows insects to control the formation of ice crystals within their bodies ...
The muscles that control flight in insects can take up to 10% to 30% of the total body mass. The muscles that control flight ... Insect wings are adult outgrowths of the insect exoskeleton that enable insects to fly. They are found on the second and third ... Brisbane University course on insect wings North-Carolina State University course on insect wings Insect wing drawings (CS1 ... Most insects control their wings by adjusting tilt, stiffness, and flapping frequency of the wings with tiny muscles in the ...
ISBN 0-19-508210-9. Metcalf, Robert L. (2000). "Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi:10.1002/ ... Pyrethrins are effective insecticides because they selectively target insects rather than mammals due to higher insect nerve ... Because of their insecticide and insect repellent effect, pyrethrins have been very successful in reducing insect pest ... Together, these two compounds prevent detoxification in the insect, ensuring insect death. Synergists make pyrethrin more ...
Chemical control like releasing pheromones into the field to confuse the insects into not being able to find mates and ... Insect growth regulator (IGR) is a term coined to include insect hormone mimics and an earlier class of chemicals, the ... doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(00)94437-6. Metcalf, Robert L. (2002). "Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry ... The plant manufactures the protein, which kills the insect when consumed. Contact insecticides are toxic to insects upon direct ...
"Plant-derived insecticides (e.g., rotenone, veratridines, pyrethrins, and nicotine) have been used for insect control since ... Metcalf, Robert L. (2000). "Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. doi:10.1002/14356007.a14_263. ISBN ... The odorous components of garlic are thought to have evolved to deter insects. Common plants known as sources of antifeedants ... Examples include rosin, which inhibits attack on trees, and many alkaloids, which are highly toxic to specific insect species ...
"Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a14_263. Henderson, ... controlled hydrolysis of diethyl phosphorochloridate delivers the compound: 2(EtO)2P(O)Cl + H2O → [(EtO)2P(O)]2O + 2HCl The ...
0315". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Robert L. Metcalf (2002). "Insect Control". Ullmann's ... became less effective as a result of genetic mutations of the targeted insects. The number of insects resistant to cyclodienes ...
Robert L. Metcalf (2002). "Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/ ... Health and safety risks are controlled by right to know laws that exist in most developed countries. Cyfluthrin is regulated in ...
Metcalf, R. L. (2002). "Insect Control". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. New York: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. ... After an insect (or a human) ingests parathion, an oxidase replaces the double bonded sulfur with oxygen to give paraoxon. ( ...
λ-and γ-cyhalothrin are now used to control insects and spider mites in crops including cotton, cereals, potatoes and ... Metcalf, Robert L.; Horowitz, Abraham R. (2014). "Insect Control, 1. Fundamentals". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial ... The first, and still main, use of λ-cyhalothrin is to control the larvae of Lepidopteran pests on crops such as cotton and ... That is, affected larvae rapidly cease feeding and may fall off the crop; flying insects drop to the ground. Paralysis and ...
Its main use is for the control of soil-dwelling insects in maize when formulated as granules. It can also be incorporated in ... Metcalf, Robert L.; Horowitz, Abraham R. (2014). "Insect Control, 1. Fundamentals". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial ... The main use of tefluthrin is to control the larvae of corn rootworms (Diabrotica spp) and it is also lethal to cutworm and ... Related insects share this susceptibility to the compound, including pests such as springtails, symphylids, millipedes, pygmy ...
... to kill livestock parasites For industrial and domestic insect control In the textile industry, to prevent insect attack of ... Metcalf RL, Horowitz AR (19 November 2014). "Insect Control, 2. Individual Insecticides". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial ... While permethrin may be marketed as an insect repellent, it does not prevent insects from landing. Instead it works by ... "Insect-repelling ACUs now available to all Soldiers". Canadian and United States Army. Archived from the original on 4 October ...
"TERMIMESH™ Termite Control System" (PDF). ICC Evaluation Service. December 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-01. (Building, Insect ... "An Extra Barrier of Protection". Rapid Pest Control Brisbane. Retrieved 20 February 2015. "Termite Management System". Flick ... Pest Control. Retrieved 8 October 2016. "TERM® Barrier System" (PDF). ICC Evaluation Service. August 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-01 ...
Fogging is also used for controlling insects in closed spaces like greenhouses, homes and basements.[page needed] Paarmann, W ... The floor below the trees are lined with plastic sheets and the fog causes insects to fall in the rain. These are collected for ... Fogging is a technique used for killing insects that involves using a fine pesticide spray (aerosol) which is directed by a ... This is widely used for sampling or studying insects in the canopy of tall forests which cannot be effectively reached. ...
... the insects taste buds are being studied at Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. Most pesticides are ... In an effort to better control cornworm, the insects taste buds are being studied at Pennsylvania State University, University ... In an effort to better control cornworm, the insects taste buds are being studied at Pennsylvania State University, University ... professor of insect toxicology. Although chemicals that stimulate feeding behavior can be used to convince insects to consume ...
289h) Controlled Release of Insect Repellent from Biopolymer Core-Shell and Matrix Microcapsules. Conference ... The objective of this research is to encapsulate natural insect repellants in polymeric gels and matrices to achieve controlled ... Natural insect repellents have gained attention in recent years as a safe method to combat the spread of vector-borne illnesses ... The morphology, rheology, and diffusion rate of the insect repellant into different media are being studied. The methods used ...
Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District. Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District Notice. Otter Creek Watershed ... Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District. OCWICD Public Notice. Otter Creek Watershed 052523 2×4.5 insect control ... Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District. Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District Notice. March 21, 2024 ... Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District Notice. Mar 21, 2024 , Otter Creek Watershed Insect Control District ...
... an ultrasonic insect repellent is an excellent choice. These insect control devices work by broadcasting frequencies that bugs ... You may likely need insect control products if you live in a rural area or are at higher risk for infestation because you live ... While most insects can thrive outside, many species are drawn to the relatively comfortable and temperature-controlled ... Protect average size rooms with Pest-X plug-in pest control device. *Use multiple units for large rooms or areas with lots of ...
Choose from a wide selection of insect and fly control products for your horse or barn from reputable manufacturers. ... Horses → Fly & Insect Control Fly & Insect Control. Keep pests away -- as a premise spray or fogger, or directly on the horse, ... or as a feed, choose from a wide selection of insect and fly control products from reputable manufacturers.. ...
With the relentless burden of insects such as flies, ticks, and lice, cattle wellness can be compromised, leading to reduced ... Importance and Benefits of Sustainable Insect Control in Cattle Farming. Sustainable insect control in cattle farming plays a ... Biological control, such as introducing nematodes that parasitize fly larvae or using predator insects like ladybugs to control ... Alternative insect control methods to cattle oilers can include the use of chemical insecticides, biological control through ...
Enjoy a bug-free garden with the power of Eight Insect Control! Controls over 130 listed insects from your yard Non-staining, w ... Eliminate boxelder bugs and stink bugs from your garden quickly and easily with Eight Insect Control Ready to Use. This product ... Eliminate boxelder bugs and stink bugs from your garden quickly and easily with Eight Insect Control Ready to Use. This product ... Enjoy a bug-free garden with the power of Eight Insect Control! ... Controls over 130 listed insects from your yard. *Non-staining ...
 Residual control for up to 4 weeks. Kills over a 100 different named insects! Excellent Mosquito Control! Controls the f ...  Very low toxicity to humans while very effective on a wide range of insects. Use in gardens, flowerbeds and on ornamentals. ... Kills over a 100 different named insects! Excellent Mosquito Control!. Controls the following common insects: Ants, Aphids, ... Very low toxicity to humans while very effective on a wide range of insects. Use in gardens, flowerbeds and on or... ...
Learn how to keep these pests at bay with the help of Florida Pest Control! ... Removing stinging insects from your yard should be left to the professionals. The experienced pest control technicians at ... Clearing Your Yard of Stinging Insects. Getting rid of stinging insects is a top priority for many homeowners. Below are a few ... Types of Stinging Insects. Stinging insects can be categorized into three species; Bees, Wasps, and Hornets. ...
Order insect control online for pickup or delivery. ... Garden & Poultry Dust controls aphids, bag worms, Japanese ... Bonide Insecticidal Soap Houseplant Spray kills listed insects on contact. It is for organic gardening, and for use on listed ... Your Houseplants from Infestations Safer Brand Houseplant Sticky Stakes are a simple and convenient solution for flying insects ...
This large crawling insect control diatomaceous earth bundle will eliminate insects in every corner of your property the right ... Welcome to the ultimate solution for crawling insect control - our Large Crawling Insect Control Diatomaceous Earth Bundle. ... From a 50lb bag of crawling insect control diatomaceous earth to powder dusters for easy application, this bundle is designed ... model number: 50CICDE] 50lb Bag of omri listed Crawling Insect Control Diatomaceous Earth: Our premium-grade diatomaceous earth ...
Braukus M, Khanna R. NASA Sponsors Symposium on Remote Sensing and Control of Insect-Transmitted Diseases. Emerging Infectious ... NASA Sponsors Symposium on Remote Sensing and Control of Insect-Transmitted Diseases On This Page ... Braukus M, Khanna R. NASA Sponsors Symposium on Remote Sensing and Control of Insect-Transmitted Diseases. Emerg Infect Dis. ... Braukus, M., & Khanna, R. (1996). NASA Sponsors Symposium on Remote Sensing and Control of Insect-Transmitted Diseases. ...
What Can You Do With Insect-infested Firewood?. By Chris Williams on November 30, 2015.. ...
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NO Flies Super Automatic Dispenser is a multi-insect control system that provides continuous protection against flying and ... Professional strength multi-insect automatic system to effectively control flying and crawling insects. ... NO Flies Super Multi-Insect Automatic Refill. For continuous protection and effective control against multiple flying and ... Kiwicare NO Flies Automatic System provides continuous odourless protection to control flying and crawling insects. ...
Adaptive control system of an insect brain during odor source localization. Ryo Minegishi, Yosuke Takahashi, Atsushi Takashima ... Adaptive control system of an insect brain during odor source localization. In 2013 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on ...
Home , Insects and Ticks , Diseases , Monitoring , Control, Hot Topics , Contacts , Glossary , Resources ... Should you have further questions about biology, ecology, health risks, and identification of insects and ticks of medical ...
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Shaking hands is a homeodomain transcription factor that controls axon outgrowth of central complex neurons in the insect model ... Shaking hands is a homeodomain transcription factor that controls axon outgrowth of central complex neurons in the insect model ... A-B″) Control brain (progeny of buffer-injected pupae). (A) Whole brain at low magnification; GFP-positive axon tracts join the ... A-B″) Control brain (progeny of buffer-injected pupae). (A) Whole brain at low magnification; GFP-positive axon tracts join the ...
Biological Control, Cc. Insect Vectors in Relation to Plant Disease, Cd. Behavior and Ecology. ...
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  • Not only is our distinctive ecosystem vulnerable to invasive insects, traveling and movement of trees, plants and wood often brings new pests into the area. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Although bylaws may restrict the movement of firewood and non-native species of plants, insects and pests still find a way into our yards and forests. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • When more intrusive methods of control are required, we will present you with all the options so that you can make an informed decision that will meet your needs and eradicate invasive pests. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Cotton plants produce two classes of defense compounds, gossypol and lacinilene, to help protect plants against pathogens and insect pests. (usda.gov)
  • HOUSEPLANT INSECT CONTROL - These ready-to-use granules are meant for controlling insects and pests affecting your indoor plants. (southernidaholandscapecenter.com)
  • Microbial control of insect pests : a record of lectures and practical classes presented at a UNESCO/UNEP/ICRO Regional Training Course, Dunedin, New Zealand, August 1977 / compiled by J. Kalmakoff and J. F. Longworth. (who.int)
  • Plastic mulch and fabric row covers (AG-19 grade) can aide plant establishment and exclude insect pests during the seedling stage. (johnnyseeds.com)
  • Numerous insects are pests on peach trees in South Carolina. (clemson.edu)
  • As a result of the need to control some serious insect pests as well as disease organisms, individuals who grow peaches in their backyard for home use often discover that obtaining acceptable quality fruit requires more specialized care than they can give. (clemson.edu)
  • It should be noted that without the application of well-timed pesticides, it is common for insect pests and disease to ruin the entire crop as well as damage the tree(s). (clemson.edu)
  • Aside from pesticides, homeowners can follow such cultural practices as proper sanitation to reduce insect pests significantly. (clemson.edu)
  • Knowledge of the insect pests and their life cycles aids in identification, as well as the early diagnosis of a developing pest problem. (clemson.edu)
  • While there are numerous insects that will feed on peaches, below are some of the most common insect pests of peaches that are found in South Carolina. (clemson.edu)
  • Coupled together this makes Phobi Dose RTU a very effective insecticide to combat insect infestations where other insecticides struggle and may fail. (mothcontrol.co.uk)
  • Beneficial insects : nature's alternatives to chemical insecticides, animal predation, parasitism, disease organisms / by Lester A. Swan. (who.int)
  • These materials contain insecticides and a fungicide, which will control most insects and diseases seen in a home orchard fruit tree situation. (clemson.edu)
  • At last a truly professional pest control product cleared for amateur use that can really help with insect infestations. (mothcontrol.co.uk)
  • When you do, our team will come out and administer our highly effective treatments to eliminate any existing fungal diseases or insect infestations . (fertigator.com)
  • Whether it's for residential mosquito control services, or industrial pest control for commercial properties, our trained professionals are equipped for the job. (moshield.com)
  • Neuheimer Tree Care faces unique challenges when dealing with insect and pest control within the Windsor, Ontario and Essex County areas. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • When there is an infestation, however, we want to make sure that insect and pest control is effective as soon as possible. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Phobi Dose contains 2 excellent active ingredients that kill insects dead, Cyphenothrin 0.06%w/w and Imiprothrine 0.04%w/w Cyphenothrin is a synthetic pyrethroid and is extremely effective against cockroaches that have built up a defence to carbonate and organophosphorus poisons used by professional pest controllers. (mothcontrol.co.uk)
  • We have been providing the most loved lawn care, lawn maintenance, and pest control services in The Villages, Lady Lake, and Wildwood, Florida and nearby areas since 2005. (fertigator.com)
  • Vine and citrus mealybug pest control based on synthetic chemicals. (google.it)
  • Compliance with the specifications does not constitute an endorsement or warranty of the fitness of a particular pesticide for a particular purpose, including its suitability for the control of any given pest, or its suitability for use in a particular area. (who.int)
  • Some insects cause damage to crops and forests, some spread disease, while others bring benefits in terms of pollination or pest. (lu.se)
  • Health officials and disease control experts met November 28-30 in Baltimore, Maryland, for a symposium on the use of satellites to monitor and control insect-transmitted diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • Sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Third World Foundation of North America, the symposium was held to inform government officials from various countries of NASA's scientific and technologic capabilities for detecting, monitoring, and improving the control of diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • The keynote address, "The resurgence of vector-borne infectious diseases as major public health problems in the 1990s," was given by Duane Gubler, director, Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (cdc.gov)
  • A sound plan for insect control can mitigate the diseases they bring with them. (moshield.com)
  • Diseases and insects can be a headache for you and your plants, but we're here to help! (fertigator.com)
  • Some of the most common diseases and insects they're effective against include mealybugs, scale, anthracnose, leaf spot, and more. (fertigator.com)
  • Our goal is to keep your trees and shrubs healthy and free of diseases and insects, and we'll do just that as needed. (fertigator.com)
  • There are numerous different types of diseases and insects that could affect your trees and shrubs. (fertigator.com)
  • This program also includes fertilization treatments , which we can administer via the traditional method or through our fertigation unit, to supply your plants with much-needed nutrients to improve their health and strengthen their defenses against diseases and insects in the future. (fertigator.com)
  • Do you want to protect your trees and shrubs from diseases and insects? (fertigator.com)
  • CDC partners with the Lao MOH to control and prevent the spread of infectious diseases among travelers and mobile populations who cross international borders . (cdc.gov)
  • RITM undertakes research activities in the diagnosis, control and prevention of tropical diseases that are major causes of mortality and morbidity in the Philippines, develops cost-effective strategie. (bvsalud.org)
  • Keep your yard or property free of unsightly and potentially harmful insects this summer with Mosquito Shield's line of insect control sprays. (moshield.com)
  • The glue band is easy to use, simply tie around the trunk of the tree between 2-3 ft from the ground and it will protect the trees from winter moths, ants and other crawling insects. (quickcrop.ie)
  • This crack and crevice aerosol insecticide contains multiple active ingredients that instantly immobilize and kill nearly a dozen insects such as ants, flies, spiders, cockroaches and silverfish. (wilsoncontrol.com)
  • In the past 7 days, were any chemical products used in {your/his/her} home to control fleas, roaches, ants, termites, or other insects? (cdc.gov)
  • Most stinging insects are of the order Hymenoptera, which is made up of multiple families, including 3 that are clinically important: Apidae (bees), Vespidae (wasps), and Formicidae (ants). (medscape.com)
  • Fogging is a technique used for killing insects that involves using a fine pesticide spray (aerosol) which is directed by a blower. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Mosquito Shield's standard approach is to spray throughout the season to build up barriers to mosquitos and ticks, the "EventShield" program is designed to alleviate insect and mosquito problems for single events. (moshield.com)
  • For organic gardening!Key Product FeaturesDormant and growing season insect sprayKills all stages of insects, including eggsUse to control insects, mites, and scale32 ounces, ready to spray, no. (esbenshades.com)
  • Beneficial bugs such as the Praying Mantis provide valuable insect control of harmful or destructive insects. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • We care about trees and that means preserving the beneficial insects that may be helping us do our job. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Environmental: toxic to aquatic organisms, birds, bees and beneficial insects. (wilsoncontrol.com)
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The conclusions, findings, and opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. (cdc.gov)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (cdc.gov)
  • Image courtesy of US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (medscape.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has worked with partners in Laos since 2006. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1984, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH), in consultation with experts from academic institutions, industry, and government, published the book Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories ('Guidelines')** (1). (cdc.gov)
  • The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) have all long-approved the safety of irradiated food. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Bonide Systemic Houseplant Insect Control provides insect control for up to 8 weeks Protects plants from aphids, whiteflies, and other listed insects. (southernidaholandscapecenter.com)
  • Laos FETP trainee spraying pesticides to control insects. (cdc.gov)
  • Insects represent more than half of all known living organisms and potentially represent more than 90% of the differing life forms on Earth. (medscape.com)
  • however, many of the principles that guide diagnosis and treatment of insect bites also apply to bites and stings of these other organisms. (medscape.com)
  • Although adequate insect control on peaches usually requires spraying trees, these sprays need to be timed accurately to be effective. (clemson.edu)
  • Ultrastructurally, the silencing of RpNOX5 or RpXDH affected midgut cells , changing the cells of blood -fed insects to a phenotype resembling the cells of unfed insects , suggesting that these genes work together in the control of blood digestion . (bvsalud.org)
  • The silencing of each of these genes influenced the expression of the other gene in a complex way both in the unfed state and after a blood meal , revealing signaling crosstalk between them that influences redox metabolism and nitrogen excretion and plays a central role in the control of digestive physiology . (bvsalud.org)
  • It was first approved in the United States to prevent sprouts on white potatoes, and to control insects on wheat and in certain spices and seasonings. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 2. Communicable disease control - legislation. (who.int)
  • Currently, I spend my time developing and improving CDC training tools for state, local, tribal and territorial environmental health specialists in the areas of general environmental health, vector control, and emergency preparedness and response. (cdc.gov)
  • Our team at FertiGator Lawn Care offers as-needed tree and shrub disease and insect control treatments, which means we will come out and administer them when your plants need them most to stop these threats in their tracks. (fertigator.com)
  • We offer as-needed tree and shrub disease and insect control treatments. (fertigator.com)
  • So, if they become infected or infested, we recommend scheduling our disease and insect control treatments as soon as possible. (fertigator.com)
  • At FertiGator Lawn Care, we make sure that our disease and insect control treatments are effective against many common issues so that we can give you peace of mind knowing that your plants are in good hands. (fertigator.com)
  • We offer our disease and insect control treatments independently or as part of our tree and shrub care program. (fertigator.com)
  • Our team at FertiGator Lawn Care offers as-needed tree and shrub disease and insect control treatments, so you can rest easy knowing your plants are safe in our care. (fertigator.com)
  • Hypoallergenic formula is safe for use with topical flea control treatments! (almosthomerescue.org)
  • Imiprothrin is also a synthetic pyrethroid and has a very low acute toxicity to humans but to insects its lethal acting as a neurotoxin and ultimately paralysis. (mothcontrol.co.uk)
  • There are hundreds of species of insect that can be found on your property at any one time. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Exposure to biting or stinging insects or to their remains can range in severity from benign or barely noticeable to life threatening. (medscape.com)
  • Biological control by augmentation of natural enemies : insect and mite control with parasites and predators / edited by R.L. Ridgeway and S.B. Vinson. (who.int)
  • Can alternative host plant and prey affect phytophagy and biological control by the zoophytophagous mirid Nesidiocoris tenuis ? (google.it)
  • However, you may visit "Cookie Settings" on our Privacy page to provide a controlled consent or to revoke previously accepted cookies. (towertools.co.uk)
  • Identify the insect/fly using the online Kiwicare Problem Solver or download the My Kiwicare App. (kiwicare.co.nz)
  • This is widely used for sampling or studying insects in the canopy of tall forests which cannot be effectively reached. (wikipedia.org)
  • An annotated list of the scale insects (Homoptera: Coccidea) of Italy. (google.it)
  • Insect life cycles may dictate up to several applications in different seasons in order to be effective. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Neuheimer Tree Care arborists use effective methods of insect control including those that are environmentally friendly and safe for use around children and pets. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • Control of insect behavior by natural products / edited by David L. Wood, Robert M. Silverstein, Minoru Nakajima. (who.int)
  • Chemical controls do exist, and they are successful. (msucares.com)
  • Do not induce vomiting unless told to by a poison control centre or doctor. (wilsoncontrol.com)
  • However, the cur- sures and poisoning is well recognized in rent system of data collection is inadequate most industrialized countries, where chem- to provide complete epidemiological infor- ical safety and poison control programmes mation. (who.int)
  • Glue bands are a pesticide free form of insect control for ornamental and fruit trees, they are made from waterproof paper with a completely non toxic and non drying glue coating. (quickcrop.ie)
  • Black Beauty® Sunny Grass Seed contains Black Beauty Tall Fescues and the highest-rated, endophytic turfgrass varieties that deter damage from insects. (jonathangreen.com)
  • The benefits of irradiating food include the ability to control insects and bacteria, such as salmonella. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Treat box springs, bed frame and other furniture where these insects may be found. (aetnapest.com)
  • We offer our tree and shrub disease and insect control service to residential property owners in The Villages, Lady Lake, Wildwood, and other surrounding areas in Florida. (fertigator.com)
  • Call us today to schedule our tree and shrub disease and insect control service! (fertigator.com)
  • The Insect Sensorimotor Control Lab (led by Prof Holger Krapp , Bioengineering), engaged the audience with a 'fly-vision' virtual reality demo, where attendees used a VR headset in a seated setting to experience insect-like vision. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • Insect Sensorimotor Control Lab: Participants trying the 'fly-vision' virtual reality demo. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • The Vision Group at the Department of Biology in Lund studies how insects control their progress. (lu.se)
  • Eric Warrent had the idea of applying his insect vision algorithm to a video camera. (lu.se)
  • The adult plum curculio ( Conotrachelus nenuphar ) beetle is a mottled brown insect with a rough and warty body surface. (clemson.edu)
  • Because insects burrow and lay eggs, sometimes deep within the tree or in the soil near the roots, a single application during one season may not be enough. (neuheimertreecare.com)
  • The floor below the trees are lined with plastic sheets and the fog causes insects to fall in the rain. (wikipedia.org)
  • FertiGator Lawn Care is The Villages's Leader in Tree & Shrub Disease & Insect Control. (fertigator.com)