The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
The science dealing with the study of mental processes and behavior in man and animals.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
The branch of psychology concerned with similarities or differences in the behavior of different animal species or of different races or peoples.
The branch of psychology concerned with psychological aspects of teaching and the formal learning process in school.
The branch of psychology which seeks to learn more about the fundamental causes of behavior by studying various psychologic phenomena in controlled experimental situations.
A branch of psychology in which there is collaboration between psychologists and physicians in the management of medical problems. It differs from clinical psychology, which is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of behavior disorders.
The branch of applied psychology concerned with the application of psychologic principles and methods to industrial problems including selection and training of workers, working conditions, etc.
Principles applied to the analysis and explanation of psychological or behavioral phenomena.
The interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral and biomedical science, knowledge, and techniques relevant to health and illness and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation.
Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.
The combined discipline of psychology and economics that investigates what happens in markets in which some of the agents display human limitations and complications.
Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.
Ecological and environmental entities, characteristics, properties, relationships and processes.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
A system which emphasizes that experience and behavior contain basic patterns and relationships which cannot be reduced to simpler components; that is, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts.
A psychologic theory, developed by John Broadus Watson, concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.
Those forces and content of the mind which are not ordinarily available to conscious awareness or to immediate recall.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.
The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.
The process by which an emotional or behavioral response that is appropriate for one situation appears in another situation for which it is inappropriate.
The branch of applied psychology concerned with psychological aspects of selection, assignment, training, morale, etc., of Armed Forces personnel.
The science which utilizes psychologic principles to derive more effective means in dealing with practical problems.
A relational pattern in which a person attempts to derive a sense of purpose through relationships with others.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The period from about 5 to 7 years to adolescence when there is an apparent cessation of psychosexual development.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A psychological theory based on dimensions or categories used by a given person in describing or explaining the personality and behavior of others or of himself. The basic idea is that different people will use consistently different categories. The theory was formulated in the fifties by George Kelly. Two tests devised by him are the role construct repertory test and the repertory grid test. (From Stuart Sutherland, The International Dictionary of Psychology, 1989)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
A state in which attention is largely directed inward upon one's self.
In current usage, approximately equivalent to personality. The sum of the relatively fixed personality traits and habitual modes of response of an individual.
A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.
A generic term for the treatment of mental illness or emotional disturbances primarily by verbal or nonverbal communication.
The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.
The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
A process by which an individual unconsciously endeavors to pattern himself after another. This process is also important in the development of the personality, particularly the superego or conscience, which is modeled largely on the behavior of adult significant others.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders in children.
Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.
Differential response to different stimuli.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Strong desires to accomplish something. This usually pertains to greater values or high ideals.
Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.
Cultural contacts between people of different races.
Use for general articles concerning nursing education.
A return to earlier, especially to infantile, patterns of thought or behavior, or stage of functioning, e.g., feelings of helplessness and dependency in a patient with a serious physical illness. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994).
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Principles, models, and laws that apply to complex interrelationships and interdependencies of sets of linked components which form a functioning whole, a system. Any system may be composed of components which are systems in their own right (sub-systems), such as several organs within an individual organism.
Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.
A particular kind of learning characterized by occurrence in very early life, rapidity of acquisition, and relative insusceptibility to forgetting or extinction. Imprinted behavior includes most (or all) behavior commonly called instinctive, but imprinting is used purely descriptively.
The unconscious transfer to others (including psychotherapists) of feelings and attitudes which were originally associated with important figures (parents, siblings, etc.) in one's early life.
Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.
Standards of conduct that distinguish right from wrong.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
Conscious or unconscious emotional reaction of the therapist to the patient which may interfere with treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Excusing or pardoning for an offense or release of anger or resentment.
A principle that learning is facilitated when the learner receives immediate evaluation of learning performance. The concept also hypothesizes that learning is facilitated when the learner is promptly informed whether a response is correct, and, if incorrect, of the direction of error.
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)
Occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians, and are qualified by special training and, frequently, by licensure to work in supporting roles in the health care field. These occupations include, but are not limited to, medical technology, physical therapy, physician assistant, etc.
A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The ability to generate new ideas or images.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.
Refusal to admit the truth or reality of a situation or experience.
A theoretical technique utilizing a group of related constructs to describe or prescribe how individuals or groups of people choose a course of action when faced with several alternatives and a variable amount of knowledge about the determinants of the outcomes of those alternatives.
A state of increased receptivity to suggestion and direction, initially induced by the influence of another person.
Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
The educational process of instructing.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.
A person's view of himself.
It is a client-centered, directive method for eliciting intrinsic motivation to change using open-ended questions, reflective listening, and decisional balancing. This nonjudgmental, nonconfrontational interviewing style is designed to minimize a patient's resistance to change by creating an interaction that supports open discussion of risky or problem behavior.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
The tendency of an individual or individuals to rely on others for advice, guidance, or support.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
The study, based on direct observation, use of statistical records, interviews, or experimental methods, of actual practices or the actual impact of practices or policies.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
The scientific discipline concerned with the physiology of the nervous system.
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Readiness to think or respond in a predetermined way when confronted with a problem or stimulus situation.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
A group of disorders characterized by physical symptoms that are affected by emotional factors and involve a single organ system, usually under AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM control. (American Psychiatric Glossary, 1988)
Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Non-acceptance, negative attitudes, hostility or excessive criticism of the individual which may precipitate feelings of rejection.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Physical manipulation of animals and humans to induce a behavioral or other psychological reaction. In experimental psychology, the animal is handled to induce a stress situation or to study the effects of "gentling" or "mothering".
The condition in which reasonable knowledge regarding risks, benefits, or the future is not available.
The determination and evaluation of personality attributes by interviews, observations, tests, or scales. Articles concerning personality measurement are considered to be within scope of this term.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
An individual's objective and insightful awareness of the feelings and behavior of another person. It should be distinguished from sympathy, which is usually nonobjective and noncritical. It includes caring, which is the demonstration of an awareness of and a concern for the good of others. (From Bioethics Thesaurus, 1992)
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Standardized tests designed to measure abilities, as in intelligence, aptitude, and achievement tests, or to evaluate personality traits.
The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.
A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.
A state in which attention is largely directed outward from the self.
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
Check list, usually to be filled out by a person about himself, consisting of many statements about personal characteristics which the subject checks.
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
The end-result or objective, which may be specified or required in advance.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
The interactions between physician and patient.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Personality construct referring to an individual's perception of the locus of events as determined internally by his or her own behavior versus fate, luck, or external forces. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1996).
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Comparison of various psychological, sociological, or cultural factors in order to assess the similarities or diversities occurring in two or more different cultures or societies.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The interrelationship of psychology and religion.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.
The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.
Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
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Kevin Murphy, Professor of Psychology at Pennsylvania State University and Editor of the Journal of Applied Psychology (1996- ... Asendorpf JB (1990). "Development of inhibition during childhood: Evidence for situational specificity and a two-factor model ... Psychology Press.. *^ Allport GW, Odbert HS (1936). "Trait names: A psycholexical study". Psychological Monographs. 47: 211. ... Psychology Press.. *^ Mervielde I, De Fruyt F, Jarmuz S (May 1998). "Linking openness and intellect in childhood and adulthood ...
Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 59 (9): 932-947. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12825. PMID 29083042.. ... Tenenbaum RB, Musser ED, Morris S, Ward AR, Raiker JS, Coles EK, Pelham WE (aprilie 2019). „Response Inhibition, Response ... "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. 54 (1): 3-16. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02611.x. PMC ... "Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review. 13 (2): 181-98. doi:10.1007/s10567-010-0067-y. PMC 2921569 . PMID 20490677.. ...
"Journal of Educational Psychology. 105 (1): 58-77. doi:10.1037/a0030127. PMC 3779611. PMID 24065865.. ... inhibition, intelligence, etc.) and teacher evaluations to create a more comprehensive diagnosis. Alternatively, fMRI research ... Psychology Press (UK). ISBN 978-1-84169-411-5. . OCLC 644354765.. *. Brough, Mel; Henderson, Anne; Came, Fil (2003). Working ... "Frontiers in Psychology. 4: 489. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00489. PMC 3733013. PMID 23935586.. ...
Latent inhibitionEdit. Main article: Latent inhibition. Latent inhibition refers to the observation that it takes longer for a ... Medin DL, Ross BH, Markman AB (2009). Cognitive Psychology.. *. Kearney CA (January 2011). Abnormal Psychology and Life: A ... External inhibitionEdit. External inhibition may be observed if a strong or unfamiliar stimulus is presented just before, or at ... Retardation test for conditioned inhibition: The CS- from phase 2 is paired with the US. If conditioned inhibition has occurred ...
Furthermore, inhibition of one hotspot results in the blunting of the effects of activating another hotspot.[3][5] Therefore, ... PsychologyEdit. Pleasure is considered one of the core dimensions of emotion. It can be described as the positive evaluation ... Haque, Amber (2004). "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to ...
"Frontiers in Psychology. 7. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00157. ISSN 1664-1078.. *^ Gligorić, N.; Uzelac, A.; Krco, S. (March 2012). ... a process described as Non-Instrumental Movement Inhibition. Some education researchers consider fidgeting along with noise- ... "Frontiers in Psychology. 4. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00619. ISSN 1664-1078.. *^ "UK , Education , Fidgeting children 'learn more' ... "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition. 40 (3): 660-668. doi:10.1037/a0035260.. ...
A recent review on this topic argues that active inhibition is a valid concept in some domains of psychology/cognitive control. ... Core EFs are inhibition [response inhibition (self-control-resisting temptations and resisting acting impulsively) and ... East Sussex: Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-86377-485-0. .. *^ Saver, JL; Damasio, AR (1991). "Preserved access and processing of ... "Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 137 (2): 201-225. doi:10.1037/0096-3445.137.2.201. PMC 2762790. PMID 18473654.. ...
Zhang, Jie (2005). Continual-activation theory of dreaming, Dynamical Psychology.. *^ Zhang, Jie (2016). Towards a ... REM atonia, an almost complete paralysis of the body, is accomplished through the inhibition of motor neurons. When the body ... Psychology[edit]. Dreaming[edit]. Rapid eye movement sleep (REM) has since its discovery been closely associated with dreaming ... a b Jim Horne (2013), "Why REM sleep? Clues beyond the laboratory in a more challenging world", Biological Psychology 92. ...
Taylor & Francis(Psychology Press). ISBN 978-1-84169-810-6.. *. Lysaker, P; Bell, M; Milstein, R; Bryson, G; Beam-Goulet, J ( ... Other patients with receptive aphasia are fully aware of their condition and speech inhibitions, but cannot monitor their ... See also: Insight in psychology and psychiatry. Although largely used to describe unawareness of impairment after brain injury ...
"Figuring Out Phobia", American Psychology Association: Monitor on Psychology, August 2007. *^ AllPsych Journal , Phobias: ... Wolpe, Joseph (1958). Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. (PDF). Stanford University Press.. *^ E. B., Foa (1977). «Is ...
Psychology portal Attachment theory Blunted affect Borderline personality disorder Complex post-traumatic stress disorder ... Garcia-Coll C, Kagan J, Reznick J (1984). "Behavioral inhibition in young children". Child Development. 55: 505-529. Bronson M ... Barkley RA (January 1997). "Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory ... Clinical Psychology Review. 58: 1-15. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2017.09.001. PMID 29029837. Clinical trial number NCT00467038 for " ...
... evidence for a two-factor theory of retroactive inhibition". American Journal of Psychology. 54 (2): 157-173. doi:10.2307/ ... "Conditions of cumulative proactive inhibition". Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 106 (4): 376-403. doi:10.1037/0096 ... New York, NY: Psychology Press Brown, J (1958). "Some Test of the Decay Theory of Immediate Memory". Quarterly Journal of ... To the confusion of Americans at a later date, Müller used "associative Hemmung" (inhibition) as a blanket term for retroactive ...
Kline, L. W. (1921). An Experimental Study of Associative Inhibition. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 4(4), 270-299. doi: ... evidence for a two-factor theory of retroactive inhibition". American Journal of Psychology. 54 (2): 157-173. doi:10.2307/ ... Proactive inhibition and item similarity on short-term memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior. 1963; 2:440-445 ... Journal of Experimental Psychology, 144(2), 410-431. doi:10.1037/xge0000051 Stroop, J. R. (1992). Studies of interference in ...
Psychology of Learning and Motivation. 24. pp. 109-165. doi:10.1016/S0079-7421(08)60536-8. ISBN 978-0-12-543324-2. Ratcliff, ... Interference and Inhibition in Cognition. pp. 329-361. doi:10.1016/B978-012208930-5/50011-8. ISBN 978-0-12-208930-5. Kortge, C ... Psychology Press. pp. 445-476. ISBN 978-1-317-76013-9. Lewandowsky, Stephan; Li, Shu-Chen (1995). "Catastrophic interference in ... Psychology Press. 1993. pp. 723-728. ISBN 978-0-8058-1487-3. French, R (1 April 1999). "Catastrophic forgetting in ...
Latane, B.; Darley, J.M. (1968). "Group inhibition of bystander intervention". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 10 ... Research in psychology experiments attempted in universities are often criticized for being conducted in artificial situations ... In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology. (4th ed., Vol. 1, pp. 99-142.) New York: ... In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson(Eds.), The Handbook of social psychology. (Vol. 2, pp. 1-79.) Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley. Yarkoni, ...
"Frontiers in Psychology. 4. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00515. ISSN 1664-1078. PMC 3747356. PMID 23970869.. ... Machens CK, Romo R, Brody CD (2005). "Flexible control of mutual inhibition: a neural model of two-interval discrimination". ... One of the ultimate goals of psychology/neuroscience is to be able to explain the everyday experience of conscious life. ... The brain's large-scale organizational principles are illuminated by many fields, including biology, psychology, and clinical ...
This polarization ultimately leads to either the transmittance or inhibition of a neural signal that will be fed to the brain ... Schacter, Daniel L. (2011). Psychology Second Edition. 41 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010: Worth Publishers. pp. 136-137. ... Photoreceptor precursors come about through inhibition of Notch signaling and increased activity of various factors including ...
Psychology Press. pp. 115-. ISBN 978-1-135-07932-1.. *^ Mario Maggi (30 January 2012). Hormonal Therapy for Male Sexual ... is selective for inhibition of the 17,20-lyase functionality of CYP17A1, and for this reason, unlike earlier drugs, does not ... Psychology Press. pp. 209-. ISBN 978-0-8058-0280-1.. *^ Amy Phenix; Harry M. Hoberman (7 December 2015). Sexual Offending: ...
Frontiers in Psychology. [permanent dead link] *^ Heim C.; Newport D. J.; Heit S.; Graham Y. P.; Wilcox M.; Bonsall R.; ... and inhibition of aggression. Inclusion of the amino acid L-tryptophan, a precursor of 5HT, in the feed of rainbow trout made ...
The inhibition conflict[edit]. One effect of alcohol myopia is that it amplifies rash responses in intoxicated individuals. ... Linda Brannon and Jess Feist, Health Psychology, An Introduction to Behavior and Health, Sixth Edition, Thomson Wadsworth (2007 ... Inhibition conflict is a cognitive function that arises in people and allows them to make decisions based on immediate stimuli ... Sevincer, A. Timur; Oettingen, Gabriele (2009). "Alcohol breeds empty goal commitments". Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 118 (3 ...
a b Understanding psychology by Charles G. Morris and Albert A. Maisto 2009 ISBN 0-205-76906-3 pages 56-58 ... cortex in exerting control over one's environment in contrast to the role of the right prefrontal cortex in inhibition and self ... Neurosociology: The Nexus Between Neuroscience and Social Psychology by David D. Franks 2010 ISBN 1-4419-5530-5 page 34 ...
In cognitive psychology and neuroscience, spatial memory is the part of memory responsible for recording information about ... reduced social interactions and impaired prepulse inhibition, working memory and set-shifting. Similar to schizophrenia, ... Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology Levin, E.D.; Christopher, N.C. (2006). "Effects of clozapine on memory ... 2004). "Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory". Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 133 (3): ...
"Journal of Individual Psychology. 36 (2): 136-149.. *^ Eacott, M. J.; Crawley, R. A. (1998). "The offset of childhood amnesia: ... Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, Cognitive Processes. John Wiley & Sons. 31 March 2015. ISBN ... Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. 117 (2): 171-181. doi:10.1037/0096-3445.117.2.171. ISSN 0096-3445. Archived from ... Gleitman, H; Fridlund A; Reisberg D (2007). Psychology (7 ed.). New York: W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-97768-4. .. ...
Psychology and psychiatry[edit]. Early life stress[edit]. In a groundbreaking 2003 report, Caspi and colleagues demonstrated ... This leads to epigenetic effects through inhibition of α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases that require iron as a co-factor. ... Gottlieb G (1991). "Epigenetic systems view of human development". Developmental Psychology. 27 (1): 33-34. doi:10.1037/0012- ... The term "epigenetic" has also been used in developmental psychology to describe psychological development as the result of an ...
... with a poor understanding of social dynamics and a lack of social inhibition." Kontrolli kuupäeva väärtust kohas: ,accessdate= ... Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, 28. väljanne, nr 1, lk 14-22, [2017, veebruar 17] ... Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1964, 28. väljanne, nr 1, lk 14-22, [2017, veebruar 17] ...
Janoff-Bulman, R. (1992). Shattered Assumptions: Toward a New Psychology of Trauma. New York: Free Press.. [page needed] ... HPA axis abnormalities are likely predicated on strong negative feedback inhibition of cortisol, itself likely due to an ... "Frontiers in Psychology. 8: 1750. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01750. PMC 5641384. PMID 29066991.. ... "Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 68 (5): 748-66. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.68.5.748. PMID 11068961.. ...
Kakuda T, Nozawa A, Sugimoto A, Niino H (2002). "Inhibition by theanine of binding of [3H]AMPA, [3H]kainate, and [3H]MDL ... Biological Psychology. 74 (1): 39-45. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.06.006. PMID 16930802.. ... Sugiyama T, Sadzuka Y, Tanaka K, Sonobe T (2001). "Inhibition of glutamate transporter by theanine enhances the therapeutic ... Biological Psychology. 77 (2): 113-22. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.09.008. PMID 18006208.. ...
The team also noticed the spontaneous pacemaker-like activity of these neurons, as well as a robust recurrent inhibition in the ... However, while Skinner championed a strict separation of psychology, as its own level of discourse, from biological ... Kandel's work is essentially centered on an explanation of the relationships between psychology and neurology. ...
Koole, S. L. (2009). The psychology of emotion regulation: An integrative review. (23 ed., Vol. 1, pp. 4-41). Psychology Press ... which regulates the amygdala through inhibition, together resulting in an overactive emotional brain.[44] Due to the subsequent ... "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 98 (5): 809-829. doi:10.1037/a0019205. PMC 2881638. PMID 20438226.. ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 85 (2): 348-62. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.688.115. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.2.348. PMID ...
This results in the inhibition of water reabsorption from the kidney tubules, causing high volumes of very dilute urine to be ... An imbalance between excitation and inhibition is seen to be implicated in a number of neuropsychiatric disorders.[62] ... "Shaping inhibition: activity dependent structural plasticity of GABAergic synapses". Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience. 8 ... in the central nervous system play a homeostatic role in the balance of neuronal activity between excitation and inhibition. ...
Enzyme induction and inhibition, a process in which a molecule induces the expression of an enzyme ... Collective Induction, in psychology. *Price Induction, a French company that manufactures turbofan engines ...
Wegner, Daniel M. (1989). White Bears and Other Unwanted Thoughts: Suppression, Obsession, and the Psychology of Mental Control ... For the type of enzyme inhibition, see suicide inhibition.. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with ...
"Clinical Psychology Review. 37: 57-71. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2015.02.005. PMC 4385458. PMID 25766100.. ... Reversible COX-1/COX-2 inhibition.. Topical.. No data.. Skin disorders.. Skin conditions, such as contact dermatitis. ... Reversible COX-1/COX-2 inhibition.. PO, IM, IV, rectal.. No data.. Pain.. As per diclofenac. ...
Review of General Psychology. 5 (4): 323-370. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.5.4.323. Archived from the original on 2015-04-22.. CS1 ... "Specific Inhibition of Phosphodiesterase-4B Results in Anxiolysis and Facilitates Memory Acquisition". Neuropsychopharmacology ... The hedonic (or happiness) set point has gained interest throughout the field of positive psychology where it has been ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 36 (8): 917-927. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.36.8.917. Archived from the original on ...
Colman, Andrew M. (2006). Oxford Dictionary of Psychology (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 530. ISBN 978-0-19-861035-9. . ... axons leaving the eye through the optic nerve are blocked from exiting the developing pathway by Slit2 and Sema5A inhibition, ...
Terry, W. & Phifer, B. (1986). "Caffeine and memory performance on the AVLT". Journal of Clinical Psychology. 42 (6): 860-863. ... was that long-term consumption of caffeine could inhibit hippocampus-dependent learning and memory partially through inhibition ...
It is possible that there is an inhibition of the detrusor command through a reflex pathway as well. The pontine micturition ... in the Journal of General Psychology 51:19-29. They surveyed 1,419 college students and found 14.4% had experienced paruresis, ... center (Barrington's nucleus) also may be involved, as its inhibition results in relaxation of the detrusor and prevents the ...
Klein, S.; Thorne, B. M. (3 October 2006). Biological psychology. New York, N.Y.: Worth. ISBN 978-0-7167-9922-1. .. [page ... Associated with inhibition of elicited responses (has been found to spike in situations where a person is actively trying to ... Anderson, J. (22 October 2004). Cognitive Psychology and Its Implications (Hardcover) (6th ed.). New York, NY: Worth. p. 17. ... Also associated with inhibition control, seemingly with the purpose of timing inhibitory activity in different locations across ...
s.l.]: Psychology Press, 2005. (Volume 11 of The Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages Series). Dostupné online. ISBN 978- ... Glyphosate inhibition of ferric reductase activity in iron deficient sunflower roots. New Phytologist. 2008, s. 899-906. ...
Psychology Press. p. 146. ISBN 978-0-415-32347-5. .. *^ "Invasive species". National Wildlife Federation. Retrieved 24 May 2016 ... Density-dependent inhibition. *Ecological effects of biodiversity. *Ecological extinction. *Endemic species. *Flagship species ...
Diseases of Memory: An Essay in the Positive Psychology. London: Kessinger Publishing's Legacy Reprints. ISBN 1-4325-1164-5. ... as a means of addressing emotional inhibition. ...
... is called proactive inhibition (and retroactive inhibition). These two forms of inhibition commonly are accepted as major ... processes in forgetting, proactive inhibition being assigned greater importance. ... Other articles where Retroactive inhibition is discussed: learning theory: Forgetting: … ... is called proactive inhibition (and retroactive inhibition). These two forms of inhibition commonly are accepted as major ...
Citation: Morales L, Paolieri D and Bajo T (2011) Grammatical gender inhibition in bilinguals. Front. Psychology 2:284. doi: ... This asymmetrical cost has been interpreted as evidence of inhibition by assuming that naming in L2 requires inhibition of the ... Two important properties of inhibition as a memory selection mechanism is that (1) inhibition depends on the presence of ... Note that inhibition in the language switching and verbal fluency tasks are global in nature and directed to the non- ...
Interestingly, behavioral inhibition was the temperamental trait that most strongly predicted high interoceptive sensitivity, ... Interestingly, behavioral inhibition was the temperamental trait that most strongly predicted high interoceptive sensitivity, ... Department of Psychology, Centre for Interdisciplinary Brain Research, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland ... Compatibly, behavioral inhibition is theoretically seen as a predecessor of anxiety (Svihra and Katzman, 2004; Muris et al., ...
Certain assumptions regarding the mechanism of retroactive inhibitions (RI) and spontaneous recovery were examined. Results are ... Descriptors: Analysis of Variance, Hypothesis Testing, Inhibition, Learning Theories, Recall (Psychology), Research Methodology ... Certain assumptions regarding the mechanism of retroactive inhibitions (RI) and spontaneous recovery were examined. Results are ...
This experiment was designed to investigate retroactive inhibition in free recall of categorized work lists with categories ... Descriptors: Cluster Analysis, Cues, Experimental Psychology, Inhibition, Psychological Studies, Recall (Psychology), Rhyme, ... Retroactive Inhibition of Rhyme Categories in Free Recall: Inaccessibility and Unavailability of Information ... This experiment was designed to investigate retroactive inhibition in free recall of categorized work lists with categories ...
Interference deriving from earlier (and later) associations is called proactive inhibition (and retroactive inhibition). These ... Experimental psychology in the Western Hemisphere came to be dominated by what seemed to be a search for laws of association. ... Beginning in the 1930s a number of general theories were advanced in attempts to organize most or all of the psychology of ... Other theorists endorse the notion of association, but hold it to be less important than is a process of inhibition through ...
Psychology. Better homes and safer spaces. *. SCI COMMUN. News at a glance ... This inhibition led Baek et al. to explore the possibility that increased DSCR1 abundance might suppress angiogenesis and, ... Inhibition of angiogenesis by DSCR1 through the VEGF-calcineurin pathway may contribute to decreased incidence of tumors in ... Inhibition of angiogenesis by DSCR1 through the VEGF-calcineurin pathway may contribute to decreased incidence of tumors in ...
Psychology. Better homes and safer spaces. *. SCI COMMUN. News at a glance ... Recruitment of the lipid phosphatase SHIP1 enables trans-inhibition by Fc receptors (Malbec et al., in 20 December 2016 issue). ... Recruitment of the lipid phosphatase SHIP1 enables trans-inhibition by Fc receptors (Malbec et al., in 20 December 2016 issue). ... This mechanism of trans-inhibition also allowed inhibitory Fc receptors to limit signaling by growth factor receptors in mast ...
Migraines: Personality Inhibition and Sexual Repression. By Nathan Feiles, LCSW ~ 3 min read ...
Psychology Definition of SEXUAL INHIBITION: a suppressing sexual desire or an inability to feel sexual desire, or to perform. ... SEXUAL INHIBITION: "Joe showed sexual inhibition when he first met Lyn because he couldnt have fulfilling sex with his last ... Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "SEXUAL INHIBITION," in PsychologyDictionary.org, April 13, 2013, https://psychologydictionary. ...
Psychology. The nature (and nurture) of IQ. *. SCI COMMUN. News at a glance ... PP2A inhibition sensitizes cancer stem cells to ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors in BCR-ABL+ human leukemia. Sci. Transl. Med. 10 ... Comment on "PP2A inhibition sensitizes cancer stem cells to ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors in BCR-ABL human leukemia" ... Comment on "PP2A inhibition sensitizes cancer stem cells to ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors in BCR-ABL human leukemia" ...
In the Research Article "PI3K inhibition results in enhanced estrogen receptor function and dependence in hormone receptor- ... Erratum for the Research Article: "PI3K inhibition results in enhanced estrogen receptor function and dependence in hormone ... Erratum for the Research Article: "PI3K inhibition results in enhanced estrogen receptor function and dependence in hormone ... Erratum for the Research Article: "PI3K inhibition results in enhanced estrogen receptor function and dependence in hormone ...
... in psychology, is restraint on an otherwise natural and spontaneous thought or action. In physiological psychology, inhibition ... Inhibition, in psychology, is restraint on an otherwise natural and spontaneous thought or action. In physiological psychology ... In neobehaviorist psychology, "inhibition" refers to the prevention of an action, "repression" to the prevention of a thought ... Inhibition is not always beneficial. Anxiety is a signal of danger, and when it is suppressed by inhibition the result may be ...
Inhibition of Crystallite Growth in the Sol-Gel Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxides ... Inhibition of Crystallite Growth in the Sol-Gel Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxides ... Inhibition of Crystallite Growth in the Sol-Gel Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxides ... Inhibition of Crystallite Growth in the Sol-Gel Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxides ...
2Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.. *. 3Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seattle ... mTOR Inhibition Alleviates Mitochondrial Disease in a Mouse Model of Leigh Syndrome ... mTOR Inhibition Alleviates Mitochondrial Disease in a Mouse Model of Leigh Syndrome ... Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA.Department of Psychology, University of Washington, ...
Psychology Balancing the excitation and inhibition tightrope in depression A new study looks at how a balance of positive and ... Psychology In PTSD, a good nights sleep means feeling safe Studies of PTSD in rats have usually focused on fear and trauma. ... Psychology Training the overweight brain to abstain A new study shows that brain changes are associated with a weight-loss ... Psychology Hypothesis on evolution of PMS attracts hostility A new hypothesis states that PMS is evolutionarily useful for ...
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Psychology Hub. Providing a study guide and revision resources for students and psychology teaching resources for teachers.. ... The process of synaptic transmission, including reference to neurotransmitters, excitation and inhibition.. Description, AO1: ... Synapses and Synaptic Transmission - Excitation and Inhibition. It should be noted however, that not all messages prompt ...
Repetition priming of inhibition reflects more than attentional capture, and is stimulus-based. Posted by Chris Chatham on ... cognitive psychology. Developing Intelligence. Tag archives for cognitive psychology. Novelty Detection: Domain General and ... Last months Frontiers in Psychology contains a fascinating study by Dambacher, Hübner, and Schlösser in which… ...
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 748-766.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1135-1149.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 970-986.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Guerin, B (1989). "Social Inhibition of Behavior". Journal of Social Psychology. 129 (2): 225. doi:10.1080/00224545.1989. ... Although social inhibition is a common part of life, individuals can also have high levels of inhibition. Social Inhibition on ... the Behavioral Inhibition Scale (BIS), The Preschool Behavioral Inhibition Scale (P-BIS), and the Behavioral Inhibition Scale ... It lowers inhibitions - that is the main point of it."[56] These reports suggest that "alcohol was used to lower inhibitions ...
Pennebaker, J. W. (1989). "Confession, inhibition, and disease". Advances in Experimental Social Psychology. 22: 211-244.. ... "Clinical Psychology Review. 29 (2): 116-128. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.10.003. PMC 2832862.. ... "Clinical Psychology Review. 29 (2): 116-128. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2008.10.003. PMC 2832862.. ... "Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology", "29(10)", 1057-1073., *^ Nolen-Hoeksema, S (1987). "Sex differences in unipolar ...
Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud (9780393008746) by ... Books, eBooks & Audio >> Non-Fiction >> Psychology. *Books, eBooks & Audio >> Personal Growth >> Counseling/Psychology >> ... Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud. By: Sigmund Freud ... Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud ...
Annual Review of Psychology, 23, 413-450. Blakemore, C., & Tobin, E. A. (1972). Lateral inhibition between orientation ... Cognitive Psychology, 7, 480-494. Nelson, J. I. (1978). Does orientation domain inhibition play a role in visual cortex ... American Journal of Psychology, 69, 87-91. Engel, E. (1958). Binocular fusion of dissimilar figures. Journal of Psychology, 46, ... American Journal of Psychology, 41, 345-397. Hering, E. (1874/1964). Outlines of a theory of the light sense (L. M. Hurvich & D ...
Behavioral Inhibition System / Behavioral Approach System (Carver, C. S., & White, T. L. 1994). Behavioral inhibition, ... Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 297-327. (Plant, E.A., & Devine, P.G. 1998). Internal and external motivation to respond ... Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(9), 915- 927. (Tice, Dianne M.; Wallace, Harry M. 2003). The reflected self: ... Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 316-326. (Fazio, Russell H.; Olson, Michael A. 2003). Implicit measures in ...
Intergenerational transmission of risk for social inhibition: The interplay between parental responsiveness and genetic ... Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S., & Snidman, N. (1988). The physiology and psychology of behavioral inhibition in children Child ... Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 117, 32-43.. Fox, N. A., Nichols, K. E., Hendersen, H. A., Rubin, K., Schmidt, L., Hamer, D., ... Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 313-337.. Eley, T. C., Bolton, D., OConnor, T. G., Perrin, S., Smith, P., & ...
Reciprocal Inhibition. If you have come across the term reciprocal inhibition and are wondering what it means, this article is ... Positive Psychology. Positive psychology is a branch of psychology which complements traditional psychology to help human ... Criminal Psychology Careers. Criminal psychology is a branch of psychology that deals with criminals who are not in the right ... Cross Cultural Psychology. Cross cultural psychology is a branch of psychology that provides for us an understanding of the ...
Departments of Psychology and Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, ... Wolpe, J. Psychotherapy by Reciprocal Inhibition. (Stanford University Press, 1958).. *87.. Mobbs, D., Hagan, C. C., Dalgleish ... in Handbook of Experimental Psychology. (Stevens, S. S., ed), 435-472 (Wiley, 1951). ...
Selective Mutism and Behavioral Inhibition. Search Relevance: %. Tags: Selective Mutism SLP OT School Based Psychology Article ... Tags: Newsletter 4 February 2011 Article School Based Psychology SLP PT OT Special Education Parental Involvement PI Psychology ... Tags: Special Education SLP PT OT School Based Psychology Parental Involvement Article Newsletter 30 July 2010. PI Psychology ... Tags: OT SLP PT School Based Psychology Applied Behavior Analysis Parental Involvement Article PI Psychology Newsletter 19 ...
New psychology research from CU-Boulder suggests that "neural inhibition" is a critical component in our ability to make ... In the study, CU-Boulder psychology Professor Yuko Munakata and her research colleagues found that "neural inhibition," a ... a psychology graduate student who worked with Munakata on the study. "If we decreased inhibition in the brain, then the ... Decreased Neural Inhibition Makes Decision Making Harder For The Anxious. Neuroscience News. September 14, 2010. ...
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 22, 222-229. (google.com)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3): 481-490. (dur.ac.uk)
  • The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1): 129-149. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71, 169-178. (umass.edu)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 1977-1985. (lakeforest.edu)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 56A , 577-599. (lakeforest.edu)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology , 59, 1968-1983. (benjamins.com)
  • The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology(ja), pp. 1-23. (gold.ac.uk)
  • Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 72(2), pp. 222-237. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • is called proactive inhibition (and retroactive inhibition). (britannica.com)
  • This experiment was designed to investigate retroactive inhibition in free recall of categorized work lists with categories defined as sets of rhymes. (ed.gov)
  • Finally, experiments in conventional learning have established that learning may inhibit later learning (proactive inhibition), and that later learning interferes with the retention of earlier learning (retroactive inhibition). (hubpages.com)
  • In Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety (1925), Sigmund Freud discussed the anxiety that occurs when so-called "ego-alien" impulses (impulses unacceptable to the individual) threaten to manifest themselves in the individual's thinking or behavior. (hubpages.com)
  • Social inhibition is related to behavior, appearance, social interactions, or a subject matter for discussion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yarczower and Daruns' study about social inhibition of expression defined inhibition of expression as a suppression of one's facial behavior in the presences of someone or a perceived anxious situation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Psychology is a form of science, involving the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. (buzzle.com)
  • The clinical profession of human psychology recognizes mental processes, their effects upon human behavior, and even helps treat behavioral or emotional disorders. (buzzle.com)
  • However, sociology involves the study of group behavior of humans on a macro-level, while psychology is more concerned with what goes inside the. (buzzle.com)
  • Developmental psychology deals with the study of human behavior and the changes that follow with age. (buzzle.com)
  • Reactive inhibition is a phrase coined by Clark L. Hull in his 1943 book titled Principles of Behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results are further discussed along the lines of the attentional load theory and neural mechanisms of response-inhibition and locomotor activity. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Thus, this reflexive and dynamic attentional modulation triggered by invisible BM, with initial facilitation followed by inhibition, demonstrates that in the complete absence of conscious awareness, cue predictiveness, and saliency differences, attentional systems promote exploration of our visual environment for social signals. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Two inhibitory measures, attentional blink, a task that examines the temporal sequence of inhibition, and prepulse inhibition of startle, a behavioral measure that indexes the strength of inhibition, were used to study inhibition pre- and post-treatment. (washington.edu)
  • Individuals who made greater improvements with prolonged exposure showed faster improvements in inhibition on the critical inhibitory lag of the attentional blink task than sertraline, showing a large effect for this interaction, and pointing to potentially different mechanisms of treatment response in PTSD. (washington.edu)
  • Differences in overt and covert attentional inhibition between children and adults. (gold.ac.uk)
  • The process of synaptic transmission, including reference to neurotransmitters, excitation and inhibition. (psychologyhub.co.uk)
  • Mutual induction of excitation and inhibition: (a) Positive induction. (psychcentral.com)
  • The first aspect of the intimate nature of the cortical activity which came into our field of investigation concerned the irradiation and concentration of excitation and inhibition. (psychcentral.com)
  • Zelan K. (1991) Cognition and Overcoming Inhibition. (springer.com)
  • Inhibition Processes in Cognition and Emotion: A Special Case (T. Dalgleish, et al. (wiley.com)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition 41(4), pp. 309-321. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition 41(3), pp. 266-276. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Taking these propositions seriously allows an integration of major traditions within the basic behavioral sciences, such as behaviorism, social constructivism, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and evolutionary psychology, which are often isolated and even conceptualized as opposed to one another. (cambridge.org)
  • Applied Cognitive Psychology , 25 , 763-767. (yorku.ca)
  • Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 542-551. (lakeforest.edu)
  • Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 26(4), 727-734. (lakeforest.edu)
  • Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Richard Godijn, Department of Cognitive Psychology, Vrije Universiteit, Van Der Boechorststraat 1, 1081 BT Amsterdam, the Netherlands. (psu.edu)
  • These two forms of inhibition commonly are accepted as major processes in forgetting, proactive inhibition being assigned greater importance. (britannica.com)
  • Reactive inhibition is distinct from proactive inhibition. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast, proactive inhibition determines whether or not the response process is activated in the future and occurs before initial activation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another study also revolving around younger vs older adults in the realm of inhibition found that older adults had decreased reactive inhibition but sustain proactive inhibition overall. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further, it is proven that reactive inhibition in particular is affected in individuals with ADHD and related ADHD symptoms, and may not even have an impact on proactive inhibition at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is Developmental Psychology? (buzzle.com)
  • Frontiers in Developmental Psychology , 2, 1-14. (uh.edu)
  • Perspectives in Developmental Psychology. (springer.com)
  • Developmental Psychology , 46, 93-105. (benjamins.com)
  • As lives unfold across the life span developmental psychology sources. (mit.edu)
  • Baltes labouvie, hertzog, hertzog nesselroade, lindenberger p tter, u the sports essay on ecology of developmental psychology has also been applied in ways that cell phones over nothing. (mit.edu)
  • Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry , 61 (9), 941-942. (rug.nl)
  • it would clearly be a key addition to any serious psychology or psychiatry library. (wiley.com)
  • Among the mental health professions (marriage and family therapy, clinical social work, professional counseling, psychology, and psychiatry) different diagnostic systems are used. (wikibooks.org)
  • Interestingly, behavioral inhibition was the temperamental trait that most strongly predicted high IS, and, in fact, accounted for its significant associations with the other anxiety-related temperamental traits. (frontiersin.org)
  • The term "inhibition" is more important in personality theory, where it denotes a mental restraint functioning to protect the individual from anxiety. (hubpages.com)
  • Anxiety is a signal of danger, and when it is suppressed by inhibition the result may be an obliviousness to danger and an incapacity to deal with it. (hubpages.com)
  • Such anxiety may give rise to defense mechanisms of several types, of which the most important (the primary defense mechanism) is inhibition. (hubpages.com)
  • Thus, this study sought to examine the relation between the behavioral inhibition system (BIS), a motivational brain-based system associated with the experience of anxiety, and probable posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) status. (springer.com)
  • Psychometric evaluation of the Behavioral Inhibition/Behavioral Activation Scales in a large sample of outpatients with anxiety and mood disorders. (springer.com)
  • Related processes that deal with social inhibition are social evaluation concerns, anxiety in social interaction, social avoidance, and withdrawal. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Also in high level cases of social inhibition, other social disorders can emerge through development, such as social anxiety disorder and social phobia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Social inhibition can range from normal reactions to social situations to a pathological level, associated with psychological disorders like social anxiety or social phobia. (wikipedia.org)
  • I'm the author/artist and I want to review Inhibitions, Symptoms and Anxiety: The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud . (christianbook.com)
  • Psychologists have proposed people who suffer from anxiety could have decreased neuronal inhibition, which makes it more difficult to make important decisions. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Munakata believes the reason is that people with anxiety have decreased neural inhibition in their brain, which leads to difficulty making choices. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Behavioral inhibition, a temperamental trait signalling a predisposition to childhood and adolescent anxiety disorders, is slightly more frequent in America among Caucasian children having blue irises. (blogspot.com)
  • This mechanism of trans-inhibition also allowed inhibitory Fc receptors to limit signaling by growth factor receptors in mast cells and oncogene-induced proliferation in mastocytoma cells. (sciencemag.org)
  • Pavlov found that the other three types, when faced with more stress than could be coped with by the usual means, would also eventually enter a state of brain inhibition similar to that state entered very quickly by the melancholic/weak inhibitory type. (sott.net)
  • The "weak inhibitory" type was an exception to the other three types: this type of dog went into a state of protective brain inhibition more rapidly and in response to lighter stresses. (sott.net)
  • If we denote excitation as an end-effect by the sign plus (+), and inhibition as end-effect by the sign minus (-), such a reflex as the scratch-reflex can be termed a reflex of double-sign, for it develops excitatory end-effect and then inhibitory end-effect even during the duration of the exciting stimulus. (todayinsci.com)
  • The first point of importance in the establishment of a conditioned inhibition is its dependence on time relations between the applications of the two stimuli in the inhibitory combination. (yorku.ca)
  • A similar tactile stimulation of the hind paw was differentiated, the inhibition being complete, so that not a single drop of saliva appeared in response to stimulation of the inhibitory place. (psychcentral.com)
  • Evidently, under the influence of the inhibitory stimulus (hind paw), the corresponding cortical area develops a state of inhibition, which is, as we know, retained for some time after the termination of the inhibitory stimulus. (psychcentral.com)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology, 41, 376-381. (google.com)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology, 44, 452-454. (google.com)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. (umass.edu)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 42, 1072-1087. (umass.edu)
  • Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 50(1): 42-56. (uclahealth.org)
  • 1976 DPhil, University of Sussex, Laboratory of Experimental Psychology. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • 2012-2014: President of the Experimental Psychology Society. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149(2), pp. 249-274. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • For example, Kathaus, Washcer, & Getzmann (2018) found that older adults who showed a tendency towards reactive inhibition, determined through electroencephalography measures, showed higher "driving lane variability" and more impairment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The acoustic startle response (ASR) and prepulse inhibition of ASR did not differ between ci3 rats and controls. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Graham (1975) proposes that prepulse inhibition occurs because the nervous system reduces its sensitivity to sensory stimuli presented after the prepulse to protect sensory processing of the prepulse. (jneurosci.org)
  • are consistent with the idea that prepulse processing determines prepulse inhibition. (jneurosci.org)
  • Hypotheses about the neural substrates producing prepulse inhibition and facilitation exist for blink reflexes (for review, see Hackley and Boelhouwer, 1997 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • Prepulse inhibition occurs because processing of the prepulse transiently inhibits brainstem interneurons involved in the generation of reflex blinks. (jneurosci.org)
  • Twenty-nine crime victims with chronic PTSD were randomized to a group that received exposure inhibition therapy immediately (N = 14), or a wait-list control group (N = 15) that waited for 2.5 months and then received the treatment. (scirp.org)
  • In conclusion, exposure inhibition therapy was an effective treatment for chronic PTSD in this study. (scirp.org)
  • A proposal is made to compare exposure inhibition therapy with the state-of-the-art therapy for chronic PTSD, i.e. exposure therapy. (scirp.org)
  • however, no published studies have examined changes in inhibition following PTSD treatment. (washington.edu)
  • Accordingly, the present study examined changes in inhibition at pre-and post-treatment in individuals with chronic PTSD. (washington.edu)
  • Specifically, this study examined whether inhibition changes with 10 weeks of prolonged exposure, a variant of an exposure-based treatment, or sertraline, the best-studied SSRI, for chronic PTSD. (washington.edu)
  • New psychology research from CU-Boulder suggests that "neural inhibition" is a critical component in our ability to make choices. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • In the study, CU-Boulder psychology Professor Yuko Munakata and her research colleagues found that "neural inhibition," a process that occurs when one nerve cell suppresses activity in another, is a critical aspect in our ability to make choices. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • A paper on the findings titled "Neural inhibition enables selection during language processing" appeared in the Aug. 30Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • In the study, they tested the idea that neural inhibition in the brain plays a big role in decision-making by creating a computer model of the brain called a neural network simulation. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Inhibition plays a crucial role in neural signal processing, shaping and limiting responses. (nih.gov)
  • These regions form part of the neural network responsible for inhibition control. (scirp.org)
  • Conclusions: These results suggest a dose dependent alteration in neural functioning during response inhibition after controlling for other prenatal and current drug use. (scirp.org)
  • These alterations may be necessary in order to compensate for neural changes in response inhibition circuits caused by long term marijuana use that began during adolescence/young adulthood. (scirp.org)
  • Poor response inhibition has been implicated in the development of alcohol dependence, yet little is known about how neural pathways underlying cognitive control are affected in this disorder. (wiley.com)
  • In addition, we compare the psychology of various primates (e.g. lemurs) and non-primates (e.g. dogs) to identify cases of psychological convergence. (duke.edu)
  • Sonia's research has been published in journals including the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , Psychological Science , Administrative Science Quarterly, and the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology , and has been featured in media outlets such as The Globe and Mail and The Atlantic . (utoronto.ca)
  • 2012: British Psychological Society Award for Excellence in Psychology Education. (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • Abnormal Psychology is the study of psychological differences from the norm. (wikibooks.org)
  • e.g. that exposure inhibition therapy may be more effective for some symptoms, and involving less emotional pain in the therapeutic process. (scirp.org)
  • It is commonly accepted that decreased inhibition abilities are a prominent aspect of the symptoms associated with ADHD. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Experimental Child Psychology , 138 , 31-53. (yorku.ca)
  • The Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science, a four-volume reference, is the field-defining work to which all others are compared. (credoreference.com)
  • Journal of Experimental Child Psychology , 110, 461-468. (benjamins.com)
  • Certain assumptions regarding the mechanism of retroactive inhibitions (RI) and spontaneous recovery were examined. (ed.gov)
  • These results additionally aim to inform research in cognitive architectures and artificial intelligence, where creativity is often merely considered as a problem-solving mechanism rather than a potential process of inhibition of automatised behaviour. (degruyter.com)
  • At this point, entrenchment inhibition comes into play as a competing mechanism counterbalancing the automatisation and repetition of the NP-Pp forms. (degruyter.com)
  • Inhibition of this enzyme is the mechanism of action used by corticosteroids. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Frontiers in Psychology , 6(795), 1-15. (uh.edu)
  • Frontiers in Psychology 3:262. (uh.edu)
  • After finishing the latest entry on Transmarginal Inhibition as researched by Ivan Pavlov, I thought that it was important enough to bring it to wider attention. (sott.net)
  • Pavlov demonstrated that when Transmarginal Inhibition began to take over a condition similar to hysteria manifested. (sott.net)
  • Transmarginal Inhibition, or TMI, is an organism's response to overwhelming stimuli. (sott.net)
  • Combinations of complex stimuli and neuronal input-output analysis based on spectrotemporal receptive fields revealed inhibition to render the neuronal output temporally sparser and more reproducible than the input. (nih.gov)
  • Novel opposite-sex stimuli facilitated response inhibition only when the task was not demanding. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • If, on the other hand, the additional stimulus is removed as soon as the positive stimulus is applied, so that the two stimuli never coincide, the development of the conditioned inhibition may be a, matter of considerable difficulty, and accompanied by restlessness and various defence reactions of the animal. (yorku.ca)
  • It is only with exceptionally powerful additional stimuli, such for example as a powerful motor-car hooter, that the pause can be increased to so much as twenty seconds and a conditioned inhibition still be developed. (yorku.ca)
  • The development of novel targeted agents aimed at selective inhibition of dysregulated oncogenic pathways has been a major focus and advancing area in translational oncology research. (omicsonline.org)
  • There was also a positive dose dependent relationship with marijuana and activation in inferior parietal lobe and precuneus, also parts of response inhibition pathways. (scirp.org)
  • Hence, similar to what occurs in memory, first-language forgetting may arise, at least in part, from the suppression or inhibition of native language. (frontiersin.org)
  • Inhibition, in psychology, is restraint on an otherwise natural and spontaneous thought or action. (hubpages.com)
  • 3. Psychology Conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, desire, or impulse. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Inhibition works to control the contents of working memory through access (keeping irrelevant information outside one's focus of attention by blocking it from entry) and deletion (ridding working memory of no longer relevant information), whereas restraint functions to withhold automatic responses that are inappropriate for the task at hand [ 1 , 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Providing a study guide and revision resources for students and psychology teaching resources for teachers. (psychologyhub.co.uk)
  • [5] In a lab study conducted by Buck and colleagues, social inhibition in everyday life was reviewed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Human psychology is, perhaps, one of the most interesting subjects of study. (buzzle.com)
  • We found that if we increased the amount of inhibition in this simulated brain then our system got much better at making hard choices," said Hannah Snyder, a psychology graduate student who worked with Munakata on the study. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Professor Corr is one of the Co-Founding Presidents (along with Professor Eammon Ferguson, Nottingham University) of the British Society for the Psychology of Individual Differences (BSPID), which has the aim of furthering the scientific study of individual differences in the UK. (city.ac.uk)
  • He was honoured to be elected by Society members to the offices of President-Elect (2013-2015) and President (2015-2017) of the International Society for the Study of Individual Differences (ISSID), which is the main international scientific society in this area of psychology. (city.ac.uk)
  • To explore effects of gestational age and early parent-infant relationships on social inhibition, 1314 children born at 26-41 weeks gestational age were studied as part of the prospective Bavarian Longitudinal Study. (mdpi.com)
  • The fourth lecture was devoted entirely to the study of the first type of internal inhibition, which was termed experimental extinction . (yorku.ca)
  • This study investigated the relationship between alcohol dependence severity and functional connectivity of fronto-striatal networks during response inhibition in an alcohol-dependent sample. (wiley.com)
  • This study demonstrates that individuals with more severe alcohol dependence exhibit less frontal connectivity with the striatum, a component of cognitive control networks important for response inhibition. (wiley.com)
  • In this work, a new triazine derivative, 6-diallylamino-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-dithiol monosodium (DAN) was used to study the corrosion inhibition for aluminum alloy. (omicsonline.org)
  • This study further extends literature on practice effects of inhibition in older adults by using a multiple task approach. (hindawi.com)
  • Together with previous work, the current study suggests that older adults are able to improve inhibition performance through practice and transfer the practice gains to tasks that overlap in both target cognitive ability and task structure (i.e., near-near tasks). (hindawi.com)
  • Evidence from studies on genetics, epigenetics, organ transplants, immunology, unicellular organisms, planarian flat worms, nano computers and clinical psychology is cited here in support of the hypothesis that memory can also be stored in all the cells of the body, not just nerve cells. (birthpsychology.com)
  • S. Yamaguchi, D. Zheng, T. Oka and H. Bokura, "The Key Locus of Common Response Inhibition Network for No-Go and Stop Signals," Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, Vol. 20, No. 8, 2008, pp. 1434-1442. (scirp.org)
  • Participants were also measured on the behavioral activation system and the behavioral inhibition system . (wikipedia.org)
  • Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. (psychwiki.com)
  • A developmental window into trade-offs in executive function: The case of task switching versus response inhibition in 6-year-olds. (yorku.ca)
  • Specifically, they showed that significantly more learning had occurred than was perceived at the end of the task, for reactive inhibition had effected the individual over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • To examine plasticity of inhibition, as indexed by practice effects of inhibition tasks and the associated transfer effects, using a multiple task approach in healthy older adults. (hindawi.com)
  • Inhibition is an executive function that keeps cognitive processing (e.g., thoughts and attention) in line with task goals. (hindawi.com)
  • In physiological psychology, inhibition is a normal regulatory function of the nervous system. (hubpages.com)
  • While the physiological basis of inhibition and excitation is well described, their functional interaction in signal processing remains elusive. (nih.gov)
  • Social inhibition is a conscious or subconscious avoidance of a situation or social interaction . (wikipedia.org)
  • When you have inhibitions , you're self-conscious and maybe a little anxious. (vocabulary.com)
  • These findings suggest that the fronto-striatal pathway underlying response inhibition is weakened as alcoholism progresses. (wiley.com)
  • These findings are consistent with the lateral inhibition structure of the competitive integration model. (psu.edu)
  • Objectives The effects of marijuana use on response inhibition were investigated in 19-21-year-olds using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). (scirp.org)
  • The term "inhibition" also has two important meanings in learning theory. (hubpages.com)
  • Inhibition and Adjective Learning in Bilingual and Monolingual Children. (uh.edu)
  • Preclinical studies demonstrating robust anti-leukemic effects of FLT3 inhibition lead to development of ATP-competitive tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting mutated FLT3 for clinical use. (omicsonline.org)
  • In each case the inhibition increases in proportion to the similarity in form and dissimilarity in content of the materials learned. (hubpages.com)
  • These hypotheses predict that presenting the same prepulse before a reflex blink-evoking stimulus to a normal or an abnormal reflex blink circuit should produce short-lasting excitation and long-lasting inhibition of the reflex response, regardless of the state of the reflex circuit. (jneurosci.org)
  • These results indicate the involvement of the STN in impulsive or perseverative response inhibition, but not in temporal processing. (nih.gov)
  • Overall, inhibition plays a central role in improving the temporal response fidelity of SBCs across a wide range of input intensities and thereby provides the basis for high-fidelity signal processing. (nih.gov)
  • These inhibitions, transmitted from the brain by the spinal cord and peripheral nerves, are involuntary signals stopping or retarding the contractions of the appropriate muscle groups. (hubpages.com)
  • If we decreased inhibition in the brain, then the simulation had much more trouble making choices. (neurosciencenews.com)
  • Mind-Matter Interactions and the Frontal Lobes of the Brain: A Novel Neurobiological Model of Psi Inhibition. (nih.gov)
  • Any strong experimental stress imposed on such a dog's nervous system resulted in the dog being reduced to a state of brain inhibition and "fear paralysis. (sott.net)
  • Since we were concerned in this case with the participation of an additional stimulus, the whole phenomenon was confused at first with external inhibition. (yorku.ca)
  • Conditioned inhibition is developed with comparative ease in all those cases where the duration of the positive stimulus overlaps that of the additional stimulus. (yorku.ca)
  • If, finally, a pause of several seconds is introduced between the termination of the additional stimulus and the beginning of the positive stimulus no inhibition develops at all. (yorku.ca)
  • The ability to inhibit can impact children's learning abilities and is a lack of reactive inhibition is present in many learning disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • This section is intended as a Psychology 101 level introduction to mental disorders. (wikibooks.org)
  • In Pavlovian conditioning, the subject develops an inhibition against any unrewarding response to a simulus. (hubpages.com)
  • Using a combination of in vivo loose-patch recordings, iontophoretic drug application, and detailed signal analysis in the Mongolian Gerbil, we demonstrate that inhibition is widely co-tuned with excitation, and leads only to minor sharpening of the spectral response properties. (nih.gov)
  • However, the role of novel information processing during the conflict-related response selection and inhibition remains unclear. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • In conclusion, our data showed that processing of novel information may enhance executive control through facilitated response selection and inhibition. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The relationship between alcohol dependence severity and functional connectivity within fronto-striatal networks important for response inhibition was assessed using psychophysiological interaction analyses. (wiley.com)
  • Analyses revealed greater alcohol dependence severity was associated with weaker functional connectivity between the putamen and prefrontal regions (e.g. the anterior insula, anterior cingulate and medial prefrontal cortex) during response inhibition. (wiley.com)
  • Furthermore, the OPRM1 genotype was associated with differential response inhibition-related functional connectivity. (wiley.com)
  • Reactive inhibition occurs after an initial response has been activated and set to be carried out. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51 , 1173-1183. (springer.com)
  • With a high level of social inhibition, situations are avoided because of the possibility of others disapproving of their feelings or expressions. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Individuals can also have a low level of social inhibition, but certain situations may generally cause people to be more or less inhibited. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social inhibition can sometimes be reduced by the short-term use of drugs including alcohol or benzodiazepines . (wikipedia.org)
  • Major signs of social inhibition in children are cessation of play, long latencies to approaching the unfamiliar person, signs of fear and negative affect, and security seeking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inhibition can also be determined by one's sensitivity levels to different social cues throughout the day. (wikipedia.org)
  • This being said, there are also four commonly seen irrational cognitive patterns involved in social inhibition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 47(2), 166-173. (psychwiki.com)
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 319-333. (psychwiki.com)
  • Personality and Social Psychology Review, 10(1), 67-86. (psychwiki.com)
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 749-761. (psychwiki.com)
  • Results indicated that children whose birth mothers met criteria for the diagnosis of social phobia showed elevated levels of observed behavioral inhibition in a social situation at 27 months of age if their adoptive mothers provided less emotionally and verbally responsive rearing environments at 18 months of age. (cambridge.org)
  • Conversely, in the context of higher levels of maternal responsiveness, children of birth mothers with a history of social phobia did not show elevated levels of behavioral inhibition. (cambridge.org)
  • Sociology and psychology are two social sciences that are complementary to each other. (buzzle.com)
  • Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 1331-1344. (scirp.org)
  • Journal of Experimental Social Psychology , in press. (utoronto.ca)
  • Whether social inhibition is specifically related to preterm birth and whether early parenting may protect against social inhibition difficulties is unknown. (mdpi.com)
  • Social inhibition was assessed at age 6 years using an experimental procedure, in which nonverbal and verbal responses were coded into social inhibition categories (disinhibited, normally responsive, inhibited). (mdpi.com)
  • M. Reyes L, Jaekel J, Wolke D. Effects of Gestational Age and Early Parenting on Children's Social Inhibition at 6 Years. (mdpi.com)
  • This man also is a doctor of psychology, and a former social phobia sufferer. (prweb.com)
  • Advances in experimental social psychology. (birthpsychology.com)
  • Many data sets to estimate the marginal costs for their own biographies in line at the far left represents the cost of rent and commuting cost, assuming an ideal form that the connections are typically fractal the geometry of the texts being available at each level of trust and loyalty to the consumer surplus, produce surplus, and social psychology. (mit.edu)
  • We discuss data showing that the entrenchment inhibition of NP-Pp constructs such as Washington-based or tree-lined occurs significantly at a stage in time when the NP-Pp node has already reached the highest degree of schematicity. (degruyter.com)
  • While it is known that frustration and restlessness can lead to increased movement during human computer interaction, it remains controversial as to whether NIMI that occurs during engagement is actually an inhibition of a baseline amount of physiologically required movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inhibition includes not only simple denial of the ego-alien impulses but also repression, the forgetting (rejection from consciousness) of unacceptable impulses and experiences. (hubpages.com)
  • The results revealed that individuals with more sensitivity on the behavioral inhibition system reported having more negative effects from daily events. (wikipedia.org)