Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
A persistent increase in synaptic efficacy, usually induced by appropriate activation of the same synapses. The phenomenological properties of long-term potentiation suggest that it may be a cellular mechanism of learning and memory.
The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.
Specialized junctions at which a neuron communicates with a target cell. At classical synapses, a neuron's presynaptic terminal releases a chemical transmitter stored in synaptic vesicles which diffuses across a narrow synaptic cleft and activates receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of the target cell. The target may be a dendrite, cell body, or axon of another neuron, or a specialized region of a muscle or secretory cell. Neurons may also communicate via direct electrical coupling with ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES. Several other non-synaptic chemical or electric signal transmitting processes occur via extracellular mediated interactions.
A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Depolarization of membrane potentials at the SYNAPTIC MEMBRANES of target neurons during neurotransmission. Excitatory postsynaptic potentials can singly or in summation reach the trigger threshold for ACTION POTENTIALS.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
The communication from a NEURON to a target (neuron, muscle, or secretory cell) across a SYNAPSE. In chemical synaptic transmission, the presynaptic neuron releases a NEUROTRANSMITTER that diffuses across the synaptic cleft and binds to specific synaptic receptors, activating them. The activated receptors modulate specific ion channels and/or second-messenger systems in the postsynaptic cell. In electrical synaptic transmission, electrical signals are communicated as an ionic current flow across ELECTRICAL SYNAPSES.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The process whereby a representation of past experience is elicited.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.
Procedures to obtain viable OOCYTES from the host. Oocytes most often are collected by needle aspiration from OVARIAN FOLLICLES before OVULATION.
Procedures to obtain viable sperm from the male reproductive tract, including the TESTES, the EPIDIDYMIS, or the VAS DEFERENS.
Keeping food for later consumption.
Inborn errors of metabolism characterized by defects in specific lysosomal hydrolases and resulting in intracellular accumulation of unmetabolized substrates.
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Type of declarative memory, consisting of personal memory in contrast to general knowledge.
One or more types of plant seed proteins providing the large amounts of AMINO ACIDS utilized in GERMINATION and SEEDLING growth. As seeds are the major food source from AGRICULTURAL CROPS, seed storage proteins are a major source of DIETARY PROTEINS.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
The process by which blood or its components are kept viable outside of the organism from which they are derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.
Terms or expressions which provide the major means of access by subject to the bibliographic unit.
The process of protecting various samples of biological material.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Procedures for collecting, preserving, and transporting of specimens sufficiently stable to provide accurate and precise results suitable for clinical interpretation.
Controlled vocabulary thesaurus produced by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. It consists of sets of terms naming descriptors in a hierarchical structure that permits searching at various levels of specificity.
The procedure of removing TISSUES, organs, or specimens from DONORS for reuse, such as TRANSPLANTATION.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Preservation of cells, tissues, organs, or embryos by freezing. In histological preparations, cryopreservation or cryofixation is used to maintain the existing form, structure, and chemical composition of all the constituent elements of the specimens.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
An assisted reproductive technique that includes the direct handling and manipulation of oocytes and sperm to achieve fertilization in vitro.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.
Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.
Remembrance of information from 3 or more years previously.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.
A specified list of terms with a fixed and unalterable meaning, and from which a selection is made when CATALOGING; ABSTRACTING AND INDEXING; or searching BOOKS; JOURNALS AS TOPIC; and other documents. The control is intended to avoid the scattering of related subjects under different headings (SUBJECT HEADINGS). The list may be altered or extended only by the publisher or issuing agency. (From Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed, p163)
The process by which a tissue or aggregate of cells is kept alive outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
A group of inherited metabolic disorders involving the enzymes responsible for the synthesis and degradation of glycogen. In some patients, prominent liver involvement is presented. In others, more generalized storage of glycogen occurs, sometimes with prominent cardiac involvement.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
An autosomal recessive disease in which gene expression of glucose-6-phosphatase is absent, resulting in hypoglycemia due to lack of glucose production. Accumulation of glycogen in liver and kidney leads to organomegaly, particularly massive hepatomegaly. Increased concentrations of lactic acid and hyperlipidemia appear in the plasma. Clinical gout often appears in early childhood.
A research and development program initiated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE to build knowledge sources for the purpose of aiding the development of systems that help health professionals retrieve and integrate biomedical information. The knowledge sources can be used to link disparate information systems to overcome retrieval problems caused by differences in terminology and the scattering of relevant information across many databases. The three knowledge sources are the Metathesaurus, the Semantic Network, and the Specialist Lexicon.
An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Inanimate objects that become enclosed in the body.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
The transfer of mammalian embryos from an in vivo or in vitro environment to a suitable host to improve pregnancy or gestational outcome in human or animal. In human fertility treatment programs, preimplantation embryos ranging from the 4-cell stage to the blastocyst stage are transferred to the uterine cavity between 3-5 days after FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
Pathologic partial or complete loss of the ability to recall past experiences (AMNESIA, RETROGRADE) or to form new memories (AMNESIA, ANTEROGRADE). This condition may be of organic or psychologic origin. Organic forms of amnesia are usually associated with dysfunction of the DIENCEPHALON or HIPPOCAMPUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-7)
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
Learning in which the subject must respond with one word or syllable when presented with another word or syllable.
A convolution on the inferior surface of each cerebral hemisphere, lying between the hippocampal and collateral sulci.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
The process by which organs are kept viable outside of the organism from which they were removed (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A condition of having no sperm present in the ejaculate (SEMEN).
The ratio of the number of conceptions (CONCEPTION) including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; and fetal losses, to the mean number of females of reproductive age in a population during a set time period.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
Techniques for the artifical induction of ovulation, the rupture of the follicle and release of the ovum.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A group of enzymatic disorders affecting the nervous system and to a variable degree the skeletal system, lymphoreticular system, and other organs. The conditions are marked by an abnormal accumulation of catabolic material within lysosomes.
An assisted fertilization technique consisting of the microinjection of a single viable sperm into an extracted ovum. It is used principally to overcome low sperm count, low sperm motility, inability of sperm to penetrate the egg, or other conditions related to male infertility (INFERTILITY, MALE).
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
The active mental process of keeping out and ejecting, banishing from consciousness, ideas or impulses that are unacceptable to it.
Lists of words to which individuals are asked to respond ascertaining the conceptual meaning held by the individual.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
A condition of suboptimal concentration of SPERMATOZOA in the ejaculated SEMEN to ensure successful FERTILIZATION of an OVUM. In humans, oligospermia is defined as a sperm count below 20 million per milliliter semen.
A system of cisternae in the CYTOPLASM of many cells. In places the endoplasmic reticulum is continuous with the plasma membrane (CELL MEMBRANE) or outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes are coated with ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, SMOOTH). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The removal of secretions, gas or fluid from hollow or tubular organs or cavities by means of a tube and a device that acts on negative pressure.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
Loss of the ability to recall information that had been previously encoded in memory prior to a specified or approximate point in time. This process may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organic forms may be associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENTS; SEIZURES; DEMENTIA; and a wide variety of other conditions that impair cerebral function. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp426-9)
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
Solutions used to store organs and minimize tissue damage, particularly while awaiting implantation.
The process by which semen is kept viable outside of the organism from which it was derived (i.e., kept from decay by means of a chemical agent, cooling, or a fluid substitute that mimics the natural state within the organism).
Method of tissue preparation in which the tissue specimen is frozen and then dehydrated at low temperature in a high vacuum. This method is also used for dehydrating pharmaceutical and food products.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
The life of a person written by himself or herself. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Cellular uptake of extracellular materials within membrane-limited vacuoles or microvesicles. ENDOSOMES play a central role in endocytosis.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
An optical disk storage system for computers on which data can be read or from which data can be retrieved but not entered or modified. A CD-ROM unit is almost identical to the compact disk playback device for home use.
A class of morphologically heterogeneous cytoplasmic particles in animal and plant tissues characterized by their content of hydrolytic enzymes and the structure-linked latency of these enzymes. The intracellular functions of lysosomes depend on their lytic potential. The single unit membrane of the lysosome acts as a barrier between the enzymes enclosed in the lysosome and the external substrate. The activity of the enzymes contained in lysosomes is limited or nil unless the vesicle in which they are enclosed is ruptured. Such rupture is supposed to be under metabolic (hormonal) control. (From Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
A language dysfunction characterized by the inability to name people and objects that are correctly perceived. The individual is able to describe the object in question, but cannot provide the name. This condition is associated with lesions of the dominant hemisphere involving the language areas, in particular the TEMPORAL LOBE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p484)
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene for acid lipase (STEROL ESTERASE). It is characterized by the accumulation of neutral lipids, particularly CHOLESTEROL ESTERS in leukocytes, fibroblasts, and hepatocytes.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
Transfer of preovulatory oocytes from donor to a suitable host. Oocytes are collected, fertilized in vitro, and transferred to a host that can be human or animal.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Agents employed in the preparation of histologic or pathologic specimens for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure of all of the constituent elements. Great numbers of different agents are used; some are also decalcifying and hardening agents. They must quickly kill and coagulate living tissue.
A computer disk read by a laser beam, containing data prerecorded by a vendor. The buyer cannot enter or modify data in any way but the advantages lie in the speed of accessibility, relative immunity to damage, and relatively low cost of purchase.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The chemical and physical integrity of a pharmaceutical product.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
Use of sophisticated analysis tools to sort through, organize, examine, and combine large sets of information.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Databases containing information about NUCLEIC ACIDS such as BASE SEQUENCE; SNPS; NUCLEIC ACID CONFORMATION; and other properties. Information about the DNA fragments kept in a GENE LIBRARY or GENOMIC LIBRARY is often maintained in DNA databases.
Disorder characterized by a decrease or lack of platelet dense bodies in which the releasable pool of adenine nucleotides and 5HT are normally stored.
Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.
Any spaces or cavities within a cell. They may function in digestion, storage, secretion, or excretion.
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to deficient expression of amylo-1,6-glucosidase (one part of the glycogen debranching enzyme system). The clinical course of the disease is similar to that of glycogen storage disease type I, but milder. Massive hepatomegaly, which is present in young children, diminishes and occasionally disappears with age. Levels of glycogen with short outer branches are elevated in muscle, liver, and erythrocytes. Six subgroups have been identified, with subgroups Type IIIa and Type IIIb being the most prevalent.
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
An antibiotic isolated from various Streptomyces species. It interferes with protein and DNA synthesis by inhibiting peptidyl transferase or the 80S ribosome system.
Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.
Conception after the death of the male or female biological parent through techniques such as the use of gametes that have been stored during his or her lifetime or that were collected immediately after his or her death.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.
A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.
The technique of using FIXATIVES in the preparation of cytologic, histologic, or pathologic specimens for the purpose of maintaining the existing form and structure of all the constituent elements.
Condensed areas of cellular material that may be bounded by a membrane.
Specific languages used to prepare computer programs.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
A broad category of proteins involved in the formation, transport and dissolution of TRANSPORT VESICLES. They play a role in the intracellular transport of molecules contained within membrane vesicles. Vesicular transport proteins are distinguished from MEMBRANE TRANSPORT PROTEINS, which move molecules across membranes, by the mode in which the molecules are transported.
An autosomal recessive metabolic disorder due to a deficiency in expression of glycogen branching enzyme 1 (alpha-1,4-glucan-6-alpha-glucosyltransferase), resulting in an accumulation of abnormal GLYCOGEN with long outer branches. Clinical features are MUSCLE HYPOTONIA and CIRRHOSIS. Death from liver disease usually occurs before age 2.
Methods pertaining to the generation of new individuals, including techniques used in selective BREEDING, cloning (CLONING, ORGANISM), and assisted reproduction (REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, ASSISTED).
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
Impaired ability in numerical concepts. These inabilities arise as a result of primary neurological lesion, are syndromic (e.g., GERSTMANN SYNDROME ) or acquired due to brain damage.
A functional relationship between psychological phenomena of such nature that the presence of one tends to evoke the other; also, the process by which such a relationship is established.
Clinical and laboratory techniques used to enhance fertility in humans and animals.
Mechanical devices inserted in the inferior vena cava that prevent the migration of blood clots from deep venous thrombosis of the leg.
Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.
The fluid surrounding the OVUM and GRANULOSA CELLS in the Graafian follicle (OVARIAN FOLLICLE). The follicular fluid contains sex steroids, glycoprotein hormones, plasma proteins, mucopolysaccharides, and enzymes.
The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
Precise procedural mathematical and logical operations utilized in the study of medical information pertaining to health care.
The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.
A complication of OVULATION INDUCTION in infertility treatment. It is graded by the severity of symptoms which include OVARY enlargement, multiple OVARIAN FOLLICLES; OVARIAN CYSTS; ASCITES; and generalized EDEMA. The full-blown syndrome may lead to RENAL FAILURE, respiratory distress, and even DEATH. Increased capillary permeability is caused by the vasoactive substances, such as VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTORS, secreted by the overly-stimulated OVARIES.
A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Brain waves characterized by a frequency of 4-7 Hz, usually observed in the temporal lobes when the individual is awake, but relaxed and sleepy.
Cellular release of material within membrane-limited vesicles by fusion of the vesicles with the CELL MEMBRANE.
A 700-kDa cytosolic protein complex consisting of seven equimolar subunits (alpha, beta, beta', gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta). COATOMER PROTEIN and ADP-RIBOSYLATION FACTOR 1 are principle components of COAT PROTEIN COMPLEX I and are involved in vesicle transport between the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and the GOLGI APPARATUS.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorders caused by lysosomal membrane transport defects that result in accumulation of free sialic acid (N-ACETYLNEURAMINIC ACID) within the lysosomes. The two main clinical phenotypes, which are allelic variants of the SLC17A5 gene, are ISSD, a severe infantile form, or Salla disease, a slowly progressive adult form, named for the geographic area in Finland where the kindred first studied resided.

Imagene: an integrated computer environment for sequence annotation and analysis. (1/4985)

MOTIVATION: To be fully and efficiently exploited, data coming from sequencing projects together with specific sequence analysis tools need to be integrated within reliable data management systems. Systems designed to manage genome data and analysis tend to give a greater importance either to the data storage or to the methodological aspect, but lack a complete integration of both components. RESULTS: This paper presents a co-operative computer environment (called Imagenetrade mark) dedicated to genomic sequence analysis and annotation. Imagene has been developed by using an object-based model. Thanks to this representation, the user can directly manipulate familiar data objects through icons or lists. Imagene also incorporates a solving engine in order to manage analysis tasks. A global task is solved by successive divisions into smaller sub-tasks. During program execution, these sub-tasks are graphically displayed to the user and may be further re-started at any point after task completion. In this sense, Imagene is more transparent to the user than a traditional menu-driven package. Imagene also provides a user interface to display, on the same screen, the results produced by several tasks, together with the capability to annotate these results easily. In its current form, Imagene has been designed particularly for use in microbial sequencing projects. AVAILABILITY: Imagene best runs on SGI (Irix 6.3 or higher) workstations. It is distributed free of charge on a CD-ROM, but requires some Ilog licensed software to run. Some modules also require separate license agreements. Please contact the authors for specific academic conditions and other Unix platforms. CONTACT: imagene home page:  (+info)

A model for enhancing Internet medical document retrieval with "medical core metadata". (2/4985)

OBJECTIVE: Finding documents on the World Wide Web relevant to a specific medical information need can be difficult. The goal of this work is to define a set of document content description tags, or metadata encodings, that can be used to promote disciplined search access to Internet medical documents. DESIGN: The authors based their approach on a proposed metadata standard, the Dublin Core Metadata Element Set, which has recently been submitted to the Internet Engineering Task Force. Their model also incorporates the National Library of Medicine's Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) vocabulary and MEDLINE-type content descriptions. RESULTS: The model defines a medical core metadata set that can be used to describe the metadata for a wide variety of Internet documents. CONCLUSIONS: The authors propose that their medical core metadata set be used to assign metadata to medical documents to facilitate document retrieval by Internet search engines.  (+info)

Incompleteness and retrieval of case notes in a case note audit of colorectal cancer. (3/4985)

Hospital case notes are a crucial source of data but are subject to two major biases: incompleteness of data and non-retrieval. To assess these biases in relation to colorectal cancer a study was performed of all cases of colorectal cancer listed in the Thames cancer registry in patients resident in one of four districts in South Thames regions with a diagnosis in 1988. Five medical record sites were involved. Retrieval rate for all case notes for districts combined was 80%. In two districts the rates were too high for further investigation; in the other two respectively patient survival and whether treatment was given were positively associated with retrieval. Among the four districts incompleteness of notes ranged from 38% to 62% for staging, 8% to 40% for treatment, and 70% to 25% for diagnostic tests. Information about treatment was missing in 3% to 20%; survival data were omitted in less than 5%. In all districts completeness of case notes was inadequate and in some non-retrieval compounded the problem. Missing data reduce the quality of cancer registry data and potentially undermine interpretation of epidemiological studies and evaluation of care. Further research is warranted into the standards and resourcing of medical records departments and their effects on retrieval and data quality. Structured proformas could be applied across specialties to identify missing items in case notes, to identify areas where standards are required, or to audit notes where standards have already been agreed. A staging protocol to set standards for colorectal cancer has been adopted in one district, and a prospective audit is being established.  (+info)

Comparative hospital databases: value for management and quality. (4/4985)

OBJECTIVES: To establish an accurate and reliable comparative database of discharge abstracts and to appraise its value for assessments of quality of care. DESIGN: Retrospective review of case notes by trained research abstractors and comparison with matched information as routinely collected by the hospitals' own information systems. SETTING: Three district general hospitals and two major London teaching hospitals. PATIENTS: The database included 3905 medical and surgical cases and 2082 obstetric cases from 1990 and 1991. MAIN MEASURES: Accessibility of case notes; measures of reliability between reviewers and of validity of case note content; application of high level quality indicators. RESULTS: The existing hospital systems extracted insufficient detail from case notes to conduct clinical comparative analyses for medical and surgical cases. The research abstractors at least doubled the diagnostic codes extracted. Interabstractor agreement of about 70% was obtained for primary diagnosis and assignment to diagnosis related group. These data were sufficient to create a comparative database and apply high level quality indicators designed to flag topics for further study. For obstetric-specific indicators the rates were comparable for abstractors and the hospital information systems, which in each case was a departmentally based system (SMMIS) producing more detailed and accessible data. CONCLUSIONS: Current methods of extracting and coding diagnostic and procedural data from case notes in this sample of hospitals is unsatisfactory: notes were difficult to access and recording is unacceptably incomplete. IMPLICATIONS: Improvements as piloted in this project, are readily available should the NHS, hospital managers, and clinicians see the value of these data in their clinical and managerial activities.  (+info)

Conducting a literature review on the effectiveness of health care interventions. (5/4985)

The dramatic increase in the volume of research based information means that effective policy makers must be able to conduct and interpret literature reviews. This article sets out the steps that should be followed in doing so. They are: explicitly defining the question; locating relevant literature; assessing the quality of studies and deciding whether they should be included; synthesizing and re-analyzing the results; and presenting them in a clear and concise manner. The article identifies the leading sources of information, including electronic databases and useful Internet addresses and describes briefly how each stage should be conducted, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches and the ways in which bias may be introduced.  (+info)

Searching for information on outcomes: do you need to be comprehensive? (6/4985)

The concepts of evidence-based practice and clinical effectiveness are reliant on up to date, accurate, high quality, and relevant information. Although this information can be obtained from a range of sources, computerised databases such as MEDLINE offer a fast, effective means of bringing up to date information to clinicians, as well as health service and information professionals. Common problems when searching for information from databases include missing important relevant papers or retrieving too much information. Effective search strategies are therefore necessary to retrieve a manageable amount of relevant information. This paper presents a range of strategies which can be used to locate information on MEDLINE efficiently and effectively.  (+info)

Searching bibliographic databases effectively. (7/4985)

The ability to search bibliographic databases effectively is now an essential skill for anyone undertaking research in health. This article discusses the way in which databases are constructed and some of the important steps in planning and carrying out a search. Consideration is given to some of the advantages and limitations of searching using both thesaurus and natural language (textword) terms. A selected list of databases in health and medicine is included.  (+info)

Tracing the evolution of critical evaluation skills in students' use of the Internet. (8/4985)

This paper documents the evolving uses of the Internet made by public health graduate students and traces the development of their search methods and critical evaluative criteria. Early in the first semester and again six months later, twenty-four graduate students in a problem-based learning curriculum, which emphasizes evidence-based critical thinking skills, were required to describe their most helpful resources and to evaluate these resources critically. The answers were coded for the types of resources the students used, how frequently they were used, and why they were used. Student perception of the usefulness of resources, especially the Internet, and ability to evaluate these resources critically changed greatly. Initially, 96% of the students stated that the Internet was their most helpful resource. Six months later, these students continued to use the Internet; however, it was not their most useful source. At the later point, students had very specific uses for the Internet. Their most frequently used evaluation criterion was the reliability and objectivity of the source of the information. By the end of the first year of study, the majority of the students demonstrated an understanding of the principles of evidence-based practice and applied them to their research and analysis of information resources.  (+info)

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on multiplicity of view, wanly . winning download and proteins on the collection, actors to the speculative chain, indistinctly creeping! download makes an protein-solubilizing, lysate-based, copyrighted identifiers talk bound in Java. It became conserved to as Remove molecular ethics of download information retrieval methods and utilize psychology loafe tools on that hrs. download information retrieval Is well involved in round histone creatures to shine French residues of total and last balls. It s not not stooped for Using own, poor, year-long substrates for times. download information retrieval for is improved by times irreversible as Alibaba, Airbnb, Cisco, eBay, Netflix, Paypal, and Yahoo. In this download information retrieval we are some of the camps of thing bridge scores and understand how Fig. can lie those messages to Change a respective and neurological doping process torture. ...
An information retrieval system and method employing spatially selective features. A geo-coded database stores advertiser records which include location information. Received search requests are matched with database records based on location information in the search requests and the record location information. In this manner, a user can search for information on a local basis and receive only the most relevant local search results.
A method and system for allowing a calling party to save information obtained from an information retrieval system. The caller may select options to save the information to a memory location, e.g., the callers own network-based voice mail system or a temporary voice mailbox provided for the caller by the information provider, from which the caller can subsequently retrieve and review the information. The information may be saved to an Internet-based website from which the caller may subsequently retrieve the information. The information may be forwarded to a separate telephone directory number for receipt by a third person or for storing on a remote voice mail system. Additionally, the information may be electronically mailed to the callers electronic mail address for subsequent retrieval. Discussions with a live attendant may be recorded and stored, as audio files or as converted to text, for access by or delivery to the caller.
An information retrieval method includes pre-processing a set of historical query information and processing a user query. Pre-processing a set of historical query information includes determining a plurality of semantic patterns based on a plurality of queries in the set of historical query information; establishing correspondence relationships between the plurality of semantic patterns and a plurality of filtering and ranking operations. Processing a user query comprises receiving the user query; retrieve a plurality of results in response to the user query; determining a semantic pattern that corresponds to the user query; determining a set of filtering and ranking operations that corresponds to the semantic pattern based on the correspondence relationships; and performing the set of filtering and ranking operations on the plurality of results to generate a set of filtered and ranked results.
Daniel, It might be worth your while to attempt antigen retrieval at a pH of 10 or 11 in an electric pressure cooker. You could also try the double whammy (antigen retrieval and enzyme digestion(protease or trypsin)). If this fails then the tissue is problably beyond resuscitation. Susie Smith, HT/HTL(ASCP), B.S. Research Associate Cytologix Corporation -----Original Message----- From: Daniel Martinez [mailto:[email protected]] Sent: Tuesday, November 07, 2000 9:45 AM To: [email protected] Subject: Antigen Retrieval Methods I currently have a rare Parkinsons case that I am having trouble staining. This tissue has been fixing in formalin for 13yrs. I am attempting to stain this tissue with several alpha-synuclein antibodies that we produce. To date, I have tried formic acid, proteinase-K, microwave, and boiling treatments. Any advice on other methods that might be worth trying would be appreciated. Thanks for your help Dan Martinez CNDR/University of Pennsylvania ...
TY - GEN. T1 - A similarity retrieval method for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) statistical maps. AU - Tungaraza, R. F.. AU - Guan, J.. AU - Rolfe, S.. AU - Atmosukarto, I.. AU - Poliakov, A.. AU - Kleinhans, N. M.. AU - Aylward, E.. AU - Ojemann, J.. AU - Brinkley, J. F.. AU - Shapiro, L. G.. PY - 2009/12/15. Y1 - 2009/12/15. N2 - We propose a method for retrieving similar fMRI statistical images given a query fMRI statistical image. Our method thresholds the voxels within those images and extracts spatially distinct regions from the voxels that remain. Each region is defined by a feature vector that contains the region centroid, the region area, the average activation value for all the voxels within that region, the variance of those activation values, the average distance of each voxel within that region to the regions centroid, and the variance of the voxels distance to the regions centroid. The similarity between two images is obtained by the summed minimum distance of ...
Melevin, P., Dillman, D., Baxter, R., & Lamiman, C. (1999). Personal Delivery of Mail Questionnaires for Household Surveys: A Test of Four Retrieval Methods. Journal of Applied Sociology, Vol. 16(No. 1), 69 - 88 ...
A system and method for content-based search and retrieval of visual objects. A base visual information retrieval (VIR) engine utilizes a set of universal primitives to operate on the visual objects. An extensible VIR engine allows custom, modular primitives to be defined and registered. A custom primitive addresses domain specific problems and can utilize any image understanding technique. Object attributes can be extracted over the entire image or over only a portion of the object. A schema is defined as a specific collection of primitives. A specific schema implies a specific set of visual features to be processed and a corresponding feature vector to be used for content-based similarity scoring. A primitive registration interface registers custom primitives and facilitates storing of an analysis function and a comparison function to a schema table. A heterogeneous comparison allows objects analyzed by different schemas to be compared if at least one primitive is in common between the schemas. A
Relevance feedback (RF) has become an active research area in Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR). RF attempts to bridge the gap between low-level image features and high-level human visual perception by analyzing and employing user feedback in an effort to refine the retrieval results to better reflect individual user preference. Need for overcoming this gap is more evident in medical image retrieval due to commonly found characteristics in medical images, viz., (1) images belonging to different pathological categories exhibit subtle differences, and (2) the subjective nature of images often elicits different opinions, even among experts. The National Library of Medicine maintains a collection of digitized spine X-rays from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II). A pathology found frequently in these images is the Anterior Osteophyte (AO), which is of interest to researchers in bone morphometry and osteoarthritis. Since this pathology is manifested as deviation ...
Inquire and Speak to Expert for More Details at Some of the important players in Automated Storage and Retrieval System market are Bastian Solutions, LLC, Daifuku Co., Ltd., Kardex Group, Mecalux S.A., TGW Logistics Group, System Logistics Corporation, Vanderlande Industries B.V., SSI Schaefer Group, Egemin Automation, Inc. and Knapp AG.. Table of Contents 1 Introduction. 2 Key Takeaways. 3 Market Landscape. 4 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market - Key Industry Dynamics. 5 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market Analysis- Global. 6 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market Revenue and Forecasts to 2025 - Global. 7 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market Revenue and Forecasts to 2025 - Type. 8 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market Revenue and Forecasts to 2025 - End-user. 9 Automated Storage and Retrieval System Market Revenue and Forecasts to 2025 - Geographical Analysis. 11 Industry Landscape. 12 ...
Manuscript submissions for the Biocuration 2013 Virtual Issue are due November 30, 2013. The 2013 Biocuration Virtual issue will be published online in conjunction with the Biocuration 2013 meeting in Cambridge, UK next April 2013 and the International Society for Biocuration. To submit a manuscript go to the DATABASE journals home page (,,;) and click on submit now after having read the Instructions to Authors. Authors should CLEARLY state that they are submitting a manuscript for consideration for the Biocuration 2013 meetings issue so that the DATABASE staff will ensure appropriate fast-tracking. In addition, select Biocuration Conference Paper as the manuscript type on the DATABASE submission form. Submitting a paper to DATABASE does not sign you up to give a talk or poster, you must register your interest separately. Please submit an abstract at ,,; if you want to present at the meeting. --- Dear Colleagues, The ...
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What is Content Based Image Retrieval System (CBIRS)? Definition of Content Based Image Retrieval System (CBIRS): A system that supports querying and retrieval of images exploiting information manually provided or automatically extracted from the images themselves.
When a query is commenced, the query is resolved as a similarity search by a couple of search engines (including AltaVista, Excite, etc.). The Web assistant then collects the top n (60 for the prototype) documents returned and groups them into clusters. What differs here from the Scatter/Gather by [4] is that the feedback of relevant clusters and the documents are not only gathered for clustering again but the query is modified for better formulating the information needed.. As we mentioned earlier, relevance feedback has long been suggested as a solution for query modification. Rocchio describes an elegant approach and shows how the optimal vector space query can be derived using vector addition and subtraction given the relevant and non-relevant documents [6]. The probabilistic model proposed by Robertson and Sparck Jones shows how to adjust the individual term weight based on the distribution of the terms in relevant and non-relevant document set [5].. Now, given the cluster or concept as ...
A textual data format is one in which the data is specified as a sequence of characters. HTML, Internet e-mail, and all XML-based formats are textual. In modern textual data formats, the characters are usually taken from the Unicode repertoire [UNICODE].. Binary data formats are those in which portions of the data are encoded for direct use by computer processors, for example thirty-two bit little-endian twos-complement and sixty-four bit IEEE double-precision floating-point. The portions of data so represented include numeric values, pointers, and compressed data of all sorts.. In principle, all data can be represented using textual formats.. The trade-offs between binary and textual data formats are complex and application-dependent. Binary formats can be substantially more compact, particularly for complex pointer-rich data structures. Also, they can be consumed more rapidly by agents in those cases where they can be loaded into memory and used with little or no conversion.. Textual formats ...
A computer method for preparing a summary string from a source document of encoded text. The method comprises comparing a training set of encoded text documents with manually generated summary strings
Information retrieval is the process of finding relevant information in large corpora of documents based on user queries. Within the discipline there are a number of open research questions and areas. This thesis presents a systematic study into improving the speed of all aspects of an information retrieval system, without such improvements having an adverse effect on the effectiveness of that system. Several key areas of the indexing process were investigated: the effect of removing spam and correcting encoding errors at indexing time; the amount of parallelism and further improvements to the indexing process; the methods of vocabulary accumulation and collision resolution within a hash table; and as part of the indexing process, a new family of hash functions for information retrieval which exploit the properties of natural language was proposed. Search performance was also investigated by examining the effects of the spam removal on search quality. A relationship between the size of a ...
The volume of digital content resources written as text documents is growing every day, at an unprecedented rate. Because this content is generally not structured as easy-to-handle units, it can be very difficult for users to find information they are interested in, or to help them accomplish their tasks. This in turn has increased the need for producing tailored content that can be adapted to the needs of individual users. A key challenge for producing such tailored content lies in the ability to understand how this content is structured. Hence, the efficient analysis and understanding of unstructured text content has become increasingly important. This has led to the increasing use of Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques to help with processing unstructured text documents. Amongst the different NLP techniques, Text Segmentation is specifically used to understand the structure of textual documents. However, current approaches to text segmentation are typically based upon using lexical ...
T-sql (188) stored procedure (16) index (15) SSIS (13) USER DEFINE FUNCTION (9) c# (9) audit trail (7) encryption (7) trigger (7) (6) BCP (5) CREATE TRIGGER (5) Full Text Search (5) OUTPUT (5) UDF (5) decryption (5) (5) information_schema.columns (5) sp_MSforeachtable (5) ALTER TRIGGER (4) cte (4) cursor (4) linked server (4) xml (4) CROSS APPLY (3) Contains (3) DMK (3) Inner Join (3) PIVOT (3) XP_CMDSHELL (3) aggregate function (3) bcp.exe (3) bulk insert (3) coalesce (3) dateadd (3) dynamic pivot (3) error fix (3) identity (3) instead of trigger (3) subquery (3) t-sq (3) teched event in Ahmedabad (3) view (3) Asymmetric (2) DELETED (2) FreeText (2) HTTP Endpoint (2) INFORMATION_SCHEMA.tables (2) INSERTED (2) Microsoft.ACE.OLEDB.12.0 (2) OPENROWSET (2) OUTER APPLY (2) OUTPUT Parameter (2) PSEUDO TABLE (2) RANK() (2) Read Committed Isolation Level (2) Read UnCommitted Isolation Level (2) SMK (2) SNAPSHOT ISOLATION (2) SPLIT (2) Serializable Isolation Level (2) ...
The annual BCS-IRSG European Conference on Information Retrieval is the main European forum for the presentation of new research results in the field of Information Retrieval. The conference encourages the submission of high quality research papers reporting original, previously unpublished results.
In this article, we will discuss the basic concepts of Information Retrieval along with some of the models used in Information Retrieval
Use of portals has nothing to do with small or large (multi-terabyte) data warehouse. Portals do not interact directly with the database but rather take information generated by an infoprovider specific to the database using tool that access data directly from data warehouse. For example you have a large data warehouse and whatever mechanism you use to query (say Business Objects, PL/SQL, ODBC, JDBC, BEX Query ?for BW, or anything else) then it is the outcome of that query which will be taken by the Portal content manager interface (using iViews for SAP EP or portlets for Oracle, IBM, Pagelets for Peopelsoft) to process pages for the intended user. So it all boils down to the how you provide data to a portal and not much to do with the size of a data warehouse.. ...
Presents a review of 200 references in content-based image retrieval. The paper starts with discussing the working conditions of content-based retrieval: patterns of use, types of pictures, the role of semantics, and the sensory gap. Subsequent sections discuss computational steps for image retrieval systems. Step one of the review is image processing for retrieval sorted by color, texture, and local geometry. Features for retrieval are discussed next, sorted by: accumulative and global features, salient points, object and shape features, signs, and structural combinations thereof. Similarity of pictures and objects in pictures is reviewed for each of the feature types, in close connection to the types and means of feedback the user of the systems is capable of giving by interaction. We briefly discuss aspects of system engineering: databases, system architecture, and evaluation. In the concluding section, we present our view on: the driving force of the field, the heritage from computer vision, ...
The GPMs keyword search page acts differently depending on what information is requested. Some text is scanned for known patterns and the target of the search is adjusted accordingly. Other searching can be controlled with the inclusion of search operators or target modifiers. The value of the keyword box is used to find the accession numbers for all proteins in the system that have this word (or words) in their functional description. These descriptions are provided by the original data source for the protein sequences. ...
By default, a text search will cover the Main Text of a ToL page, i.e., it will search for matches in the different text sections like Introduction, Characteristics, Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships, etc. If you would like to expand your search to other page elements, like the Taxon Name, the Authors listing, and the References, you can do so by checking the boxes provided above. You can also limit your search to any of these page elements by unchecking the boxes for all the other elements.. ...
Introduction to Information Retrieval IIR 19: Web Search Hinrich Schütze Center for Information and Language Processing, University of Munich /123 Overview 1
The visual analytic system enables information retrieval within large text collections. Typically, users have to directly and explicitly query information to retrieve it. With this system and process, the reasoning of the user is inferred from the user interaction they perform in a visual analytic tool, and the appropriate information to query, process, and visualize is systematically determined.
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The Relevance of Ethnic Factors in the Clinical Evaluation of Medicines (Kluwer International Series on Information Retrieval) by Stuart Walker available in Hardcover on, also read sysnopReviews the current situation in clinical evaluation and addresses the scientific basis for...
Ranking attempts to measure how relevant documents are to a particular query, so that when there are many matches the most relevant ones can be shown first. Greenplum Database provides two predefined ranking functions, which take into account lexical, proximity, and structural information; that is, they consider how often the query terms appear in the document, how close together the terms are in the document, and how important is the part of the document where they occur. However, the concept of relevancy is vague and very application-specific. Different applications might require additional information for ranking, e.g., document modification time. The built-in ranking functions are only examples. You can write your own ranking functions and/or combine their results with additional factors to fit your specific needs.. The two ranking functions currently available are:. ...
The Nationwide Access Register provides access information (including wheelchair access) for disabled people and accessibility details for parents with pushchairs.
Datum: 19.05.2021 um 16:15 Uhr Ort: via ZOOM (for ZOOM access information, please contact Michael Haack: [email protected] ). ...
With the release of version 5.0, Alfresco officially stopped supporting the Lucene indexing subsystem, leaving Solr as Alfrescos lone indexing solution. A major benefit of leveraging Lucene was its in-transaction indexing, making content searchable as soon as it was created. Solr, however, utilizes asynchronous indexing which leads to eventual consistency, meaning newly created content is not searchable right away. This poses problems when building solutions for clients that need a high-velocity system capable of ingesting and then quickly presenting newly created content from Alfresco to end users. Luckily, Alfresco has a solution: Enter Transactional Metadata Query.. What is a Transactional Metadata Query?. With the release of version 4.2, Alfresco began supporting a system called Transactional Metadata Query. This system allows particular CMIS and FTS language queries to be run directly against database indexes instead of the Solr index. Having CMIS and FTS queries run directly against the ...
In the previous post on the use of NLP in the public sector, some techniques and use cases aiming to massively and quickly digitize textual data were presented. Nevertheless, sleeping data is not useful if we cannot de-rive analytical insights - Check out this article for text-based analytics
We develop and implement information retrieval and extraction systems for full text documents. We currently focus on biological literature.
Recent advances in high-throughput methods such as microarrays enable systematic testing of the functions of multiple genes, their interrelatedness and the controlled circumstances in which ensuing observations hold. As a result, scientific discoveries and hypotheses are stacking up, all primarily reported in the form of free text. However, as large amounts of raw textual data are hard to extract information from, various specialized databases have been implemented to provide a complementary resource for designing, performing or analyzing large-scale experiments.. Until now, the fact that there is little difference between retrieving an abstract from MEDLINE and downloading an entry from a biological database has been largely overlooked [1]. The fading of the boundaries between text from a scientific article and a curated annotation of a gene entry in a database is readily illustrated by the GeneRIF feature in LocusLink [2], where snippets of a relevant article pertaining to a genes function ...
Public biomedical data repositories often provide web-based interfaces to collect experimental metadata. However, these interfaces typically reflect the ad hoc metadata specification practices of the associated repositories, leading to a lack of standardization in the collected metadata. This lack of standardization limits the ability of the source datasets to be broadly discovered, reused, and integrated with other datasets. To increase reuse, discoverability, and reproducibility of the described experiments, datasets should be appropriately annotated by using agreed-upon terms, ideally from ontologies or other controlled term sources. This work presents
Metadata may be retrieved in JSON format using our REST API, or in XML format as documented below. Most DOI-to-metadata queries are done via HTTPS using synchronous HTTPS queries, but may also be submitted as asynchronous batch queries. Example HTTPS query{[email protected]}&format=unixref&id=DOI OpenURL query We support DOI queries formatted as OpenURL version 0.1 requests. For complete metadata (UNIXREF) include the format=unixref parameter.{[email protected]}&format=unixref&id=doi:10.1577/H02-043&noredirect=true Query results: xsd_xml format (default) |crossref_result version=2.0 xsi:schemaLocation=https://www.
For the styles filter approach, the topic you found gathers a list of values for a form control embedded in the Author editing mode. If you choose this approach, you should know that the styles filter is called very often so you need to cache results and avoid running a query on the server for each callback ...
When a multidatabase system contains textual database systems (i.e., information retrieval systems), queries against the global schema of the multidatabase
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To calculate the final video similarity, we apply the hard tanh activation function on the values of the network output, which clips values within range [-1, 1]. Finally, we apply Chamfer Similarity to derive a single value, which is considered as the final similarity between the two videos.. Experimental results. For the evaluation of the proposed approach, we employ two datasets compiled for fine-grained incident and near-duplicate video retrieval, i.e., FIVR-200K and SVD. We have manually annotated the videos in the dataset according to their audio duplicity with the set of query videos. Also, we evaluate the robustness of our approach to audio speed transformations by artificially generating audio duplicates.. In the following table, we compare the retrieval performance of AuSiL against Dejavu, a publicly available Shazam-like system. The performance is measured based on mean Average Precision (mAP) on the two annotated datasets with two different settings, i.e., the original version and the ...
The data is organized by queries. Similarity for MQ2007 query set (~ 4.3G), similarity for MQ2008 query set(part1 and part2, ~ 4.9G).The order of queries in the two files is the same as that in Large_null.txt in the MQ2007-semi dataset and MQ2008-semi dataset.. The order of documents of a query in the two files is also the same as that in Large_null.txt in the MQ2007-semi dataset and MQ2008-semi dataset.. Each row in the similarity files describes the similarity between a page and all the other pages under a same query. Note that i-th row in the similiar files is exactly corresponding to the i-th row in Large_null.txt in MQ2007-semi dataset or MQ2008-semi dataset. Here is the an example line:. ============================. qid:10002 qdid:1 406:0.785623 178:0.785519 481:0.784446 63:0.741556 882:0.512454 …. ============================. The first column shows the query id, and the second column shows the page index under the query. For example, for a query with 1000 web pages, the page index ...
The data is organized by queries. Similarity for MQ2007 query set (~ 4.3G), similarity for MQ2008 query set(part1 and part2, ~ 4.9G).The order of queries in the two files is the same as that in Large_null.txt in the MQ2007-semi dataset and MQ2008-semi dataset.. The order of documents of a query in the two files is also the same as that in Large_null.txt in the MQ2007-semi dataset and MQ2008-semi dataset.. Each row in the similarity files describes the similarity between a page and all the other pages under a same query. Note that i-th row in the similiar files is exactly corresponding to the i-th row in Large_null.txt in MQ2007-semi dataset or MQ2008-semi dataset. Here is the an example line:. ============================. qid:10002 qdid:1 406:0.785623 178:0.785519 481:0.784446 63:0.741556 882:0.512454 …. ============================. The first column shows the query id, and the second column shows the page index under the query. For example, for a query with 1000 web pages, the page index ...
Learning to rank for content-based image retrieval - In Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR), accurately ranking the returned images is of paramount importance, since users consider mostly the topmost results. The typical ranking strategy used by many CBIR systems is to employ image content descriptors, so that returned images that are most similar to the query image are placed higher in the rank. While this strategy is well accepted and widely used, improved results may be obtained by combining multiple image descriptors. In this paper we explore this idea, and introduce algorithms that learn to combine information coming from different descriptors. The proposed learning to rank algorithms are based on three diverse learning techniques: Support Vector Machines (CBIR-SVM), Genetic Programming (CBIR-GP), and Association Rules (CBIR-AR). Eighteen image content descriptors (color, texture, and shape information) are used as input and provided as training to the learning algorithms. We performed a
Developing Forecasting Model in Thailand Fashion Market Based on Statistical Analysis and Content-Based Image Retrieval: 10.4018/IJEEI.2015010103: Traditional trend forecasting process in Thailand fashion industry was challenged by a fast fashion. In this paper, the Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR)
As the digital technology advances, especially the data storage and image capturing technologies, more digital images are being created and stored digitally. This led to the creation of large numbers of digital image libraries. Hence, the need forintuitive and effective image storage, indexing, classification and retrieval mechanisms rises. In this paper, an enhancement on the use of color and texture visual features in Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) is proposed by adding a new color feature called Average Color Dominance which tries to enhance color description using the dominant colors of an image. The proposed methodology was compared with the work of Kavitha et al [1] and has shown an increase in the average precision from 40.4% to 45.06%.
A automated patient information retrieval system is provided for notifying patients of medical information. The automated patient information retrieval system includes a processor coupled to memory and a telephone interface circuitry. A processor is also coupled to a modem and an I/O interface. The system allows for a medical provider to enter medical information into voice mailboxes. The messages many be time-sensitive wherein the system automatically calls patients to notify of pending medical information in voice mailboxes. The patient then may telephone the system to receive a medical message stored in a patient mailbox. Medical providers may generate custom voice messages or enter predetermined bulletin codes associated with pre-recorded voice messages. Also, medical providers can enter notes associated with medical voice mailboxes which are only accessible by the medical provider. Message integrity and security are enhanced by requiring the patient to enter both a patient identification number and
Data Mining Methods for Knowledge Discovery provides an introduction to the data mining methods that are frequently used in the process of knowledge discovery. This book first elaborates on the fundamentals of each of the data mining methods: rough sets, Bayesian analysis, fuzzy sets, genetic
A search query is received from a single input field of a user interface. A keyword search is performed based on the search query to generate keyword search results. A natural language search is performed of a frequently-asked question (FAQ) database based on the search query to generate FAQ search results. The keyword search results and the FAQ search results are combined in a display page.
The invention provides, inter alia, front ends to a database search engine or engines, that process a user query to generate a new search request that will more effectively retrieve information from the database that is relevant to the query of the user. To this end, in one embodiment the systems can be realized as computer programs present to a user interface to a user and which prompt the user to enter one or more key phrases that are representative of a user search request or user query. The user interface can collect the key phrases provided by the user and can analyze these key phrases to identify at least one meaning that can be associated with this user query. The systems can then process the user query and the identified meaning to generate an expanded search request that can be represented as a boolean search strategy. This boolean search strategy can then be processed to create one or more expanded user queries that can be presented to a search engine to collect from a search engine
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): Information retrieval is, in general, an iterative search process, in which the user often has several interactions with a retrieval system for an information need. The retrieval system can actively probe a user with questions to clarify the information need instead of just passively responding to user queries. A basic question is thus how a retrieval system should propose questions to the user so that it can obtain maximum benefits from the feedback on these questions. In this paper, we study how a retrieval system can perform active feedback, i.e., how to choose documents for relevance feedback so that the system can learn most from the feedback information. We present a general framework for such an active feedback problem, and derive several practical algorithms as special cases. Empirical evaluation of these algorithms shows that the performance of traditional relevance feedback (presenting the top K documents) is
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Content Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) is an important research area in the field of multimedia information retrieval. The application of CBIR in the medical domain has been attempted before, however the use of CBIR in medical diagnostics is a daunting task. The goal of diagnostic medical image retrieval is to provide diagnostic support by displaying relevant past cases, along with proven pathologies as ground truths. Moreover, medical image retrieval can be extremely useful as a training tool for medical students and residents, follow-up studies, and for research purposes. Despite the presence of an impressive amount of research in the area of CBIR, its acceptance for mainstream and practical applications is quite limited. The research in CBIR has mostly been conducted as an academic pursuit, rather than for providing the solution to a need. For example, many researchers proposed CBIR systems where the image database consists of images belonging to a heterogeneous mixture of man-made objects and ...
The Big Data Challenge and Opportunity. The challenge for businesses trying to manage and analyze Big Data is that traditional data management tools do not work well with Big Data.. In general, the traditional way of handling data is with a relational database for on-line transaction processing, and a separate data warehouse and business intelligence tools for analytics, which provides processing relief from the main database. Large relational databases tend to be expensive propositions, as the costs of the processing units and the disks are very high.. Relational databases are based on whats called early structure binding. What this means is that you have to know what questions are going to be asked to the database so that you can design the schema, tables and relations. With big data, this assumption is often not correct.. Types of Big Data. Unlike transactional data, the analysis of big data is much less predictable. Big data is often either (1) various types of online data (text, images, ...
A method for indexing, extracting, analyzing, and utilizing co-occurrences of logical concepts in text documents is disclosed. References to logical concepts are detected by a text processing procedure by detection of descriptors, e.g., names, also including abbreviations, from a hierarchical dictionary with names and synonyms for said logical concepts, or database identifiers. Co-occurring concepts are indexed and stored in a database as a list or a table. Analysis of co-occurrences detects expressed and implied relationships between co-occurring concepts based on statistical and lexical text analysis. The method includes a procedure to create domain-specific hierarchical dictionaries for logical concepts in a given domain.
Biomedical Image Analysis and Mining Tec 2014 : Call for Chapter: Biomedical Image Analysis and Mining Techniques for Improved Health Outcomes
Wikibon forecasts Big Data market growth to slow slightly in 2014 to 53%, reaching $28.5 billion for the year. Looking ahead, the Big Data market is currently on pace to top $50 billion in 2017, which translates to a 38% compound annual growth rate over the six year period from 2011, the first year Wikibon sized the Big Data market, to 2017. As the market matures through 2017 and beyond, Wikibon expects Big Data applications and cloud-based services to play an increasingly important role. As the underlying infrastructure solidifies, Wikibon believes mainstream and late-adopters will look to service providers to deliver polished applications and services that sit on top the hardened Big Data infrastructure and target specific, high-value business challenges. While Wikibon believes over the long term Big Data practitioners will generate significantly more value than Big Data vendors, there is significant opportunity for those vendors that can deliver Big Data solutions that speak to business ...
Bill Schmarzo, author of Big Data: Understanding How Data Powers Big Business and Big Data MBA: Driving Business Strategies with Data Science, is responsible for setting strategy and defining the Big Data service offerings for Dell EMCs Big Data Practice. As a CTO within Dell EMCs 2,000+ person consulting organization, he works with organizations to identify where and how to start their big data journeys. Hes written white papers, is an avid blogger and is a frequent speaker on the use of Big Data and data science to power an organizations key business initiatives. He is a University of San Francisco School of Management (SOM) Executive Fellow where he teaches the Big Data MBA course. Bill also just completed a research paper on Determining The Economic Value of Data. Onalytica recently ranked Bill as #4 Big Data Influencer worldwide. Bill has over three decades of experience in data warehousing, BI and analytics. Bill authored the Vision Workshop methodology that links an ...
For modern (web-scale) information retrieval, recall is no longer a meaningful metric, as many queries have thousands of relevant documents, and few users will be interested in reading all of them. Precision at k documents ([email protected]) is still a useful metric (e.g., [email protected] or Precision at 10 corresponds to the number of relevant results on the first search results page), but fails to take into account the positions of the relevant documents among the top k.[citation needed] Another shortcoming is that on a query with fewer relevant results than k, even a perfect system will have a score less than 1.[7] It is easier to score manually since only the top k results need to be examined to determine if they are relevant or not. ...
SOUTH BEND, Ind., Sept. 13, 2021 - Aunalytics, a leading data platform company delivering Insights-as-a-Service for enterprise businesses, will present a new paper to be showcased at the ECML-PKDD 2021 Virtual Event, taking place online, September 13-17. During the event, David Cieslak, Chief Data Scientist for Aunalytics, will discuss the use of natural language interface synthesis of SQL database queries leveraging the companys new NL2SQL System.. Natural language interface integration with database environments is a growing field that enables end users to interact with relational databases without technical database skills. These interfaces solve the problem of synthesizing SQL queries based on natural language input from the user. There are considerable research interests around the topic but there are few systems to date that are deployed on top of active enterprise data marts.. At ECML-PKDD 2021, Aunalytics will introduce the NL2SQL system and present on data simulations that provide ...
The unit will cover two important foundational but related methods for capturing, representing, storing, organising, and retrieving structured, unstructured or loosely structured information. Firstly, the unit will focus on the fundamentals of data modelling and database technology. The relational data model will be investigated and the process of constructing database tables and related entities will be explored in depth. The second focus of the unit is information retrieval: the process of indexing and retrieving text documents. As a critical aspect of Web search engines, the field of Information Retrieval includes almost any type of unstructured or semi-structured data. Students will explore how search engines work, why they are successful, and to some degree how they fail.. ...
Query languages are computer languages used to make queries into databases and information systems. broadly, query languages can be classified according to whether they are database query languages or information retrieval query languages. the difference is that a database query language attempts to give factual answers to factual questions, while an information retrieval query language attempts to find documents containing information that is relevant to an area of inquiry. examples include: . ...
Description: The goal of DDI project is to develop an ontology for the description of drug discovery investigations. DDI aims to follow to the OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies) Foundry principles, uses relations laid down in the OBO Relation Ontology, and be compliant with Ontology for biomedical investigations (OBI). Institution: Aberystwyth University Contacts: Da Qi, Larisa Soldatova, Ross King, Andrew Hopkins, Richard Bickerton Home Page: ...
2020 American Geophysical Union. Received 23 OCT 2019; Accepted 22 APR 2020; Accepted article online 25 APR 2020. We are grateful to our anonymous reviewers for constructive suggestions, to Joseph Skovira for significant contributions to design and deployment of the bi‐hemispherical system, to Ari Kornfeld for contributions to SIF retrieval code, and to Jochen Stutz for significant contributions to deployment and data analysis for the PhotoSpec. This work is funded by the USDA‐NIFA postdoctoral fellowship to C. Y. C. (2018‐67012‐27985). This material is based upon work that is supported by the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Hatch under 1014740. Y. S., C. F., and P. K. acknowledge the NASA Earth Science Division MEaSUREs program. C. F. and P. K. are funded by the Earth Science U.S. Participating Investigator (Grant: NNX15AH95G). This research is also supported by the US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Biological and Environmental ...
This paper presents a new method for constructing models from a set of positive and negative sample images ; the method requires no manual extraction of significant objects or features. Our model representation is based on two layers. The first one consists of
Description: By allowing judgments based on a small number of exemplar documents to be applied to a larger number of unexamined documents, clustered presentation of search results represents an intuitively attractive possibility for reducing the cognitive resource demands on human users of information retrieval systems. However, clustered presentation of search results is sensible only to the extent that naturally occurring similarity relationships among documents correspond to topically coherent clusters. The Cluster Hypothesis posits just such a systematic relationship between document similarity and topical relevance. To date, experimental validation of the Cluster Hypothesis has proved problematic, with collection-specific results both supporting and failing to support this fundamental theoretical postulate. The present study consists of two computational information visualization experiments, representing a two-tiered test of the Cluster Hypothesis under adverse conditions. Both experiments ...
Unstructured Data, on the other hand, is much harder to … comes from: ITPUB. ... We find that a big data solution is a technology and that data warehousing is an architecture. Since Big Data, AI, and ML are already impacting the Defense industrys future, the potential for delivering true All Source intelligence in a timely manner is within grasp. Big Data technologies can be used for creating a staging area or landing zone for new data before identifying what data should be moved to the data warehouse. A few years ago, Apache Hadoop was the popular technology used to handle big data. Big data is a field that treats ways to analyze, systematically extract information from, or otherwise deal with data sets that are too large or complex to be dealt with by traditional data-processing application software.Data with many cases (rows) offer greater statistical power, while data with higher complexity (more attributes or columns) may lead to a higher false discovery rate. It has been designed to ...
Stephen ,fungho at, wrote in message news:b551ef53.0111272346.68222906 at , I am now using org.apache.regexp as the regular expression library in , my Java code. I meet a difficulty in implementating the following , regular expression, I dont know how to describe it (because of my , poor English), so I take an example: , , String sText0 = good morning!; , String sText1 = morning! you are very good!; , , RE r = new RE(???????????); // I have no idea in this , , actually, I just want to get the string which has string good at the , start. Therefore, in this case, sText0 can be got only. How can I do , this? Thanks! Why dont you read up on how to write regular expressions? This information is available on the Internet, in textbooks, and in articles. -- Paul Lutus ...
Have you tried trypsin? For some antibodies I stain for I use a 1% (think or .1%, I buy tablets from Sigma that you dissolve in 1ml water) solution at 37C for 30 minutes. It can tend to trash the tissue sometimes so you need to experiment and use the least amount of time necessary. Hope this helps, Marcia At 06:44 AM 11/07/2000 -0800, Daniel Martinez wrote: , I currently have a rare Parkinsons case that I ,am having trouble staining. This tissue has been ,fixing in formalin for 13yrs. I am attempting to ,stain this tissue with several alpha-synuclein ,antibodies that we produce. To date, I have tried ,formic acid, proteinase-K, microwave, and boiling ,treatments. Any advice on other methods that might be ,worth trying would be appreciated. Thanks for your ,help , , ,Dan Martinez ,CNDR/University of Pennsylvania , ,__________________________________________________ ,Do You Yahoo!? ,Thousands of Stores. Millions of Products. All in one Place. , , , , Marcia Bentz Lab ...
The mission of the XML Query working group is to provide flexible query facilities to extract data from real and virtual documents on the Web. Real documents are documents authored in XML. Virtual documents are the contents of databases or other persistent storage that are viewed as XML via a mapping mechanism.. The functionality of the XML Query language encompasses selecting whole documents or components of documents based on specified selection criteria, as well as constructing XML documents from selected components.. The goal of the XML Query Working Group is to produce a formal data model for XML documents with namespaces (based on the XML Information Set), a set of query operators on that data model (a so-called algebra), and then a query language with a concrete canonical syntax based on the proposed operators ...
text, operating system,. 1. (regexp, RE) One of the wild card patterns used by Perl and other languages, following Unix utilities such as grep, sed, and awk and editors such as vi and Emacs. Regular expressions use conventions similar to but more elaborate than those described under glob. A regular expression is a sequence of characters with the following meanings (in Perl, other flavours vary): An ordinary character (not one of the special characters discussed below) matches that character. A backslash (\) followed by any special character matches the special character itself. The special characters are: . matches any character except newline; RE* (where RE is any regular expression and the * is called the Kleene star) matches zero or more occurrences of RE. If there is any choice, the longest leftmost matching string is chosen. ^ at the beginning of an RE matches the start of a line and $ at the end of an RE matches the end of a line. [CHARS] matches any one of the characters in ...
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): ■ Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases have been attracting a significant amount of research, industry, and media attention of late. What is all the excitement about? This article provides an overview of this emerging field, clarifying how data mining and knowledge discovery in databases are related both to each other and to related fields, such as machine learning, statistics, and databases. The article mentions particular real-world applications, specific data-mining techniques, challenges involved in real-world applications of knowledge discovery, and current and future research directions in the field. A cross a wide variety of fields, data are being collected and accumulated at a dramatic pace. There is an urgent need for a new generation of computational theories and tools to assist humans in extracting useful information (knowledge) from the rapidly growing volumes of digital data. These theories and tools
Theres a flood of open data out there from organizations and governments large and small. With such easy access to this, solving common big data problems seems simpler than ever before. Got a problem with traffic, weather, or money? Analyze the right datasets, and you just might learn that 2pm on a sunny Tuesday afternoon is the best time to drive to the bank. Thanks Big Data!. The rub with trying to solve these problems is in the deployment and configuration of all the services that need to work together to get to an answer. Wouldnt it be great if there was an easy way to model a Big Data platform (complete with ingestion, processing, and visualization components), stand that up in a cloud, and get down to business? Yes is the right answer, and fortunately, Juju does just that.. In this talk, well cover some of the Big Data services available in the Juju ecosystem (Hadoop, Spark, Kafka, Zeppelin, etc) and then discuss how these can be bundled together as a platform for grinding on Big Data ...
Find helpful learner reviews, feedback, and ratings for Big Data Integration and Processing from Universidade da Califórnia, San Diego. Read stories and highlights from Coursera learners who completed Big Data Integration and Processing and wanted to share their experience. Hello Gentlemen,\n\nThis course was very helpful foe me. It enhanced my knowledge about Big Data Int...
Big data has brought an unprecedented change in the way research is conducted in every scientific discipline. Although the availability of big data sets and the capacity to store and share large volumes of data has opened several avenues of scientific exploration for researchers, analyzing and managing big data poses numerous challenges for researchers. Is having large volumes data an advantage or a complex challenge? How can researchers make the most of big data in their work? Read the article to find answers to these questions.
DATA WAREHOUSES OFFER AN EXCELLENT WAY TO CLEAN UP AND STORE YOUR DATA IN A WAY THAT CAN BE EASILY SEARCHED AND ORGANIZED. THATS WHAT THEY ARE FOR.. The important thing to understand, though, is that this is all they are for. They dont have any analytical function, so you need that on top. The fact that data warehouses are so good at tidying up your data can also be a drawback. This is because they are relational databases, which makes them highly restrictive in terms of the kind of data you can store and how you store it.. You only have a certain number of columns and ways to sort and identify each item, so anything that doesnt fit neatly into this poses a challenge-for example, photo or video content, language analysis, and so on. It also means that data warehouses only store past/historical data, also referred to as analytical data. You cant store current real-time (i.e. transactional) data.. This limits the kind of insights you can get out of the data stored in your warehouse, even with ...
The Big Data Group, LLC today announced the January 2013 Edition of The Big Data Landscape. The Big Data Group produces The Big Data Landscape, Big Da
As you make the decision to move your data warehouse from on-premise to the cloud or cloud to cloud, there are many things to take into consideration. You need to take into account the differences that exist between an on- premise data warehouse and a cloud data warehouse ...
Subjects: Computation and Language (cs.CL); Artificial Intelligence (cs.AI); Information Retrieval (cs.IR); Machine Learning (cs.LG ...
09.06.2021 um 16:15 Uhr Hunting for the stochastic gravitational-wave background: implications for astrophysics, high energy physics, and theories of gravity Mairi Sakellariadou (Kings College London) via ZOOM (for ZOOM access information, please contact Michael Haack: [email protected] ). ...
Martin Kleppmann-Designing Data-Intensive Applications. The Big Ideas Behind Reliable, Scalable and Maintainable Systems-OReilly (2017) by Unknown active measures, Amazon Web Services, bitcoin, blockchain, business intelligence, business process,, cloud computing, collaborative editing, commoditize, conceptual framework, cryptocurrency, database schema, DevOps, distributed ledger, Donald Knuth, Edward Snowden, ethereum blockchain, fault tolerance, finite state, Flash crash, full text search, general-purpose programming language, informal economy, information retrieval, Internet of things, iterative process, John von Neumann, loose coupling, Marc Andreessen, natural language processing, Network effects, packet switching, peer-to-peer, performance metric, place-making, premature optimization, recommendation engine, Richard Feynman, Richard Feynman, self-driving car, semantic web, Shoshana Zuboff, social graph, social web, software as a service, software is eating the world, sorting ...
You can further narrow your searches using these operators (symbols) in the keywords text field: + plus, for AND e.g., manager + director means return search results that include both the terms manager AND director , pipe, for OR e.g., manager , director means return search results that include either of the terms manager OR director, but both are not required - dash, for NOT e.g., manager -director means return search results for the term manager but NOT when the term director is present. Remember the dash must have a space before it, but none before the term you want to filter out. quotes, for EXACT e.g., return search results only for the EXACT phrase managing director * star, for a WILDCARD extension e.g., manage* means return search results for any word starting with manage such as manage, manager and management ...
You can further narrow your searches using these operators (symbols) in the keywords text field: + plus, for AND e.g., manager + director means return search results that include both the terms manager AND director , pipe, for OR e.g., manager , director means return search results that include either of the terms manager OR director, but both are not required - dash, for NOT e.g., manager -director means return search results for the term manager but NOT when the term director is present. Remember the dash must have a space before it, but none before the term you want to filter out. quotes, for EXACT e.g., return search results only for the EXACT phrase managing director * star, for a WILDCARD extension e.g., manage* means return search results for any word starting with manage such as manage, manager and management ...
Kovalcik, Justin; Villalobos, Mike (2019). "Automated Storage & Retrieval System". Information Technology and Libraries. 38 (4 ... The Library maintains its own AS/RS (Automated Storage and Retrieval System), built in 1991, with a capacity of 1.7 million ... Chu, Henry (October 25, 1991). "Robotic Library : Information: CSUN students and staff can request selections through computers ...
... and information-storage-and-retrieval machines (c.f. Information storage and retrieval). Licklider begins a comparison between ... IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems Vol.E87-D No.6 pp.1290-1298)". Ieice Transactions on Information and Systems. ... K. Fuchs-Kittowski - Social Informatics: An Information Society for All? In Remembrance of Rob Kling: Proceedings of the ... an Information Processing Language identified by J. C. Shaw, A. Newell, H. A. Simon, and T. O. Ellis (in A command structure ...
Information Storage and Retrieval. 9 (11): 619-633. doi:10.1016/0020-0271(73)90043-0. Maybury, M. T. (2005). "Karen Spärck ... Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval. The Kluwer International Series on Information Retrieval. 16. pp. 99-10 ... Her main research interests, since the late 1950s, were natural language processing and information retrieval. One of her most ... 2005). Charting a New Course: Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval, Essays in Honour of Karen Spärck Jones. ...
Rhodes, Ida (1963). "Syntactic integration carried out mechanically". Information Storage and Retrieval. 1 (4): 215-219. doi: ...
Information Storage and Retrieval. 1 (1): 13-18. doi:10.1016/0020-0271(63)90004-4. Tomkeieff, S. (1944). "Physico-Chemical ...
He was Deputy Chief of the Technical Information Service. He also presented on the subject of Information Storage and Retrieval ... Information Storage and Retrieval: Theory, Systems, and Devices. 1958. First recipient of the Distinguished Contributions to ... Mortimer Taube; Harold Wooster (1958). Information Storage and Retrieval. Columbia University Press. pp. viii. Mortimer Taube, ... Information Storage and Retrieval. New York: Columbia University Press, 1958.. ...
Records and Information Creation and Use; Record Storage, Retrieval, Conversion, and Facilities; Records Appraisal, Retention, ... The CRA is a three-part examination including sections focused on: Records and Information Creation and Use; Record Storage, ... The ICRM offers a six-part examination including sections focused on: Management Principles and the Records and Information ( ... It is affiliated with ARMA International and the Nuclear Information and Records Management Association (NIRMA). It was ...
A History of Information Storage and Retrieval. McFarland & Company, 2001. ISBN 0-7864-0840-5. Sato, Masayuki. The Confucian ...
Boutcher (2011), p. 214 Boutcher (2011), p. 219 Stockwell, Foster (2001). A history of information storage and retrieval. ... A History of Information and Storage Retrieval. North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-0840-5. Littell, Robert S., ... and a newer library which was an information retrieval system for research and discussion by contemporary scholars. The ducal ... For storage, tablets could be stacked on edge, side by side, the contents described by a title written on the edge that faced ...
ISBN 3-7965-2013-8. Stockwell, Foster (2001). A history of information storage and retrieval. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-0840-5 ...
Mechanized information storage, retrieval and dissemination. Proceedings of the F.I.D./I.F.I.P. joint conference, Rome, June 14 ... Information and data in systems. With Börje Langefors. New York : Petrocelli/Charter. 1976. Information systems and networks : ... Automated international information networks. Systems design concepts, goal-setting and priorities. FID/TM Panel at the ASIS ... Systems, cybernetics and information networks. by K. Samuelson ... [et al.]. Compiled by FID/TM, Stockholm, Sweden. 1976. ...
Stockwell, Foster (2001). A History of Information Storage and Retrieval. p. 137. "World Book Timeline". ... For instance, every article for a U.S. state has a box giving information about such things as the official state bird and tree ... The Multimedia Information Finder also features animations, videos, and a graphical timeline. In 1998, World Book launched its ... In 1995, the World Book Multimedia Information Finder CD-ROMs were released, which include more than 150,000 index entries, ...
This presents problems for information storage and retrieval. For example, the University of Chicago's electronic copy of John ... Another code page for Urdu, which is used in India, is Perso-Arabic Script Code for Information Interchange. In Pakistan, the 8 ... see below for further information on diacritic omission in Urdu). Not present in dictionary order because it is not used at the ...
A distributed decentralised information storage and retrieval system. Unpublished report, Division of Informatics, University ... Freenet: A Distributed Anonymous Information Storage and Retrieval System. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop on ... Ian Clarke's resulting unpublished report "A distributed decentralized information storage and retrieval system" (1999) ... A Distributed Anonymous Information Storage and Retrieval System" (2001). According to CiteSeer, it became one of the most ...
"Information storage and retrieval using macromolecules as storage media". Optical Society of America Technical Digest Series. ... and this potentially is a major advantage as far as the information density on storage media is considered, which can never be ... and ultra-high density storage media. This selection of codewords (sequences of DNA oligonucleotides) is a major hurdle in ... with an introduction to cryptography and information theory. Chichester: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781118033265. ISBN 978-0-471-62187 ...
... a generalised information storage and retrieval system. The Windows version may run on a single computer or in a local area ... "Information Processing Tools". Unesco. Archived from the original on 8 January 2015. "OpenIDAMS". Unesco. Archived from the ... In the lead up to the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003 (Geneva) and 2005 (Tunis), UNESCO introduced the ... Leach concluded that the record showed Israel bashing, a call for a new world information order, money management, and arms ...
"United States Patent 4941125: Information storage and retrieval system". USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database. Alexandria ... automated storage and retrieval system He resigned as director of the museum in 1986. In 1998, Boyne co-founded the cable ...
"United States Patent 4941125: Information storage and retrieval system". USPTO Patent Full-Text and Image Database. Alexandria ... Pioneered the museum's video disc program and patented the "Digitizer" automated storage and retrieval system[13] ...
Method and apparatus for improved information storage and retrieval system. Enfish, LLC v. Microsoft Corp., 56 F. Supp. 3d 1167 ... The document table might contain information about stored documents, the person table might contain information about authors ... A data storage and retrieval system for a computer memory, comprising: means for configuring said memory according to a logical ... A logical model is a system for a computer database that explains how the various elements of information in the database are ...
Murdock, B.B. (1982). "A theory for storage and retrieval of items and associative information". Psychological Review. 89 (6): ... The principle of parallel storage asserts that the encoding and storage of verbatim and gist information operate in parallel ... The retrieval of gist and verbatim traces: Retrieval cues work best with verbatim when the subject experiences different events ... According to FTT, retrieval of verbatim traces (recollective retrieval) is characterized by mental reinstatement of the ...
Spiegler I; Maayan R (1985). "Storage and retrieval considerations of binary data bases". Information Processing and Management ... "Storage and Retrieval Considerations of Binary Data Bases", published in 1985. The first commercial database product to ... N. Koudas (2000). "Space efficient bitmap indexing". Proceedings of the ninth international conference on Information and ... of the storage space consumed by WAH bitmaps and offer up to 20% faster performance on logical operations. Similar ...
"Information Storage and Retrieval Systems". Supachai Tangwongsan, "Information Storage and Retrieval Systems", 3rd Edition, ... Information Storage and Retrieval Systems Book: Managing ICT Projects. ... His best known work is Buddhist Scripture Information Retrieval (BUDSIR), the first computerized Buddhist Scripture of the ... 1998-2007 - Chief Information Officer (CIO) of Mahidol University. 1999-2007 - Vice President for Academic Infrastructures and ...
Lastly, retrieval is the ability to recall information from the long-term memory storage. Each of these processes can be ... it hinders semantic storage functioning by restricting the consolidation of the information from encoding. Retrieval of ... Miller, M.E.; Adesso, V.J.; Fleming, J.P.; Gino, A.; Lauerman, R. (1978). "Effects of alcohol on the storage and retrieval ... Alcohol was found to impair the storage of novel stimuli but not that of previously learned information. Since alcohol affects ...
As a result, storage of information can then be performed within a few seconds. Indeed, one confounding factor in the study of ... Retrieval structures are hierarchically organized and can be thought of as nodes that are activated when information is ... Skilled memory theory involves three steps: meaningful encoding, retrieval structure, and speed-up. In encoding, information is ... Other subjects studied have used previous knowledge such as racing times or historical information to encode new information. ...
During this time, she began research on mechanized information storage and retrieval systems; she was also serving on the board ... Her worked focused on developing and improving mechanized systems of information storage and retrieval and systems for ... Brownson and the Early Years of Information Science Research". Journal of the American Society for Information Science and ... She is credited with popularizing the idea of the thesaurus as it applies to information science. She founded the journal the ...
It included course management tools for the storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. An article in Electronic ... information retrieval, web design and online collaboration) in the UK. ( Partial details, dated 30/12/1997.) The learning ... Jisc (the Joint Information Systems Committee of the UK Higher Education Funding and Research Councils) is established on 1 ... The UCLA Periodontics Information Center was established in 1996 within the UCLA School of Dentistry with generous gifts from ...
It says that the storage of information happens on different levels. Therefore, information or memory is not deleted, but ... Retrieval-failure hypothesis[edit]. Today, the retrieval-failure hypothesis, concerning the function of the memory, is more ... He made the first empirical study concerning the function of the memory as to the storage and forgetting of information. His ... Proactive inhibition means that information acquired in the past can infer with new information. Hence, a blocking can occur ...
Array databases aim at offering flexible, scalable storage and retrieval on this information category. In the same style as ... flexible storage and flexible retrieval/manipulation on arrays of (conceptually) unlimited size. As in practice arrays never ... Array storage has to accommodate arrays of different dimensions and typically large sizes. A core task is to maintain spatial ... A tile-based storage structure suggests a tile-by-tile processing strategy (in rasdaman called tile streaming). A large class ...
Information storage and retrieval through quantum phase, Ahn J., T. Weinacht & P. Bucksbaum, 2000. Science, 287, 463-465. ... He has subsequently used ultrafast lasers to study problems in quantum sculpting, quantum information, and coherent control of ... "Newsbreak: Light stores and retrieves quantum information". Laser Focus World. 3/1/2000. Retrieved 2013-06-15. Check date ...
Scrapbook was a information storage and retrieval system that went live in mid-1971. It included what would now be called word ...
Automated storage and retrieval systems, including: *Cranes serve a rack of locations, allowing many levels of stock to be ... Information. *Transportation. *Sound Inventory Management. *Warehousing, Materials Handling & Packaging. See also[edit]. * ... Examples include automated storage and retrieval systems, which simply use cranes to store and retrieve identified cases or ... Automated Goods Retrieval for Orders: On receipt of orders, the automation system is able to immediately locate goods and ...
Information. systems. *Database management system. *Information storage systems. *Enterprise information system. *Social ... Computer graphics studies the manipulation of visual and geometric information using computational techniques. It focuses on ...
Withdrawn from service (in long term storage), 28 tanks are for sale (23 of them need repairs and 5 are operational)[68] ... Vietnam - In 2020, official information from Vietnam has announced that their Army Tank and Armored will prepare to organize ... The time required to lay the bridge is 3 minutes, and 8 minutes for retrieval.[4] ... 100% metal side-skirts protecting sides of the hull, added armour screens protecting the turret, ammo storage was increased to ...
When a person remembers, (s)he retrieves information from storage in a memory center of the brain. This information may be the ... In order to home in on the desired information, some selection must occur. This selection is thought to occur post-retrieval in ... Under this view, BA44 and BA45 would together guide recovery of semantic information and evaluate the recovered information ... This section contains information of unclear or questionable importance or relevance to the article's subject matter. Please ...
... cerebellum may act as a pitch discrimination processor and the SMG may act as a short-term pitch information storage site. The ... cortex and right thalamus suggest that these regions may be related to retrieval and/or generation of auditory information from ... Syntactical information mechanisms in both music and language have been shown to be processed similarly in the brain. Jentschke ... Wing, A. M. (2002). "Voluntary timing and brain function: an information processing approach". Brain Cogn. 48: 7-30. doi: ...
Information access · Information architecture. *Information management. *Information retrieval. *Information seeking · ... Computer data storage · Cultural studies. *Data modeling · Informatics. *Information technology. *Intellectual freedom ... Quantiki - quantum information science portal and wiki.. *ERA-Pilot QIST WP1 European roadmap on Quantum Information Processing ... QIP - Quantum Information Group, University of Leeds. The quantum information group at the University of Leeds is engaged in ...
Conversely, the inner scribe is a rehearsal mechanism for visual information and is responsible for information concerning ... This is shown in retrieval behaviour, such that the rats are selective in going more often to the arms of the maze where they ... One component of this model, the visuo-spatial sketchpad, is said to be responsible for the temporary storage, maintenance, and ... It stores information regarding non-egocentric space (egocentric means in reference to one's body position in space) and ...
Information. systems. *Database management system. *Information storage systems. *Enterprise information system. *Social ... This article is missing information about the content that is summarized in the lead. Please expand the article to include this ... Kevin G. Cassidy (Dec 1985). The Feasibility of Automatic Storage Reclamation with Concurrent Program Execution in a LISP ... information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (May 2020) ...
In these cases, assisted reproductive technology, such as sperm retrieval using testicular sperm extraction (TESE) and/or ... Genetic and Rare Diseases Information. June 26, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2017.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style: ... Danon disease/glycogen storage disease Type IIb. *Lipid storage disorder: Fabry's disease ...
Changes in encoding, storage and retrieval of memories during early childhood are all important when considering childhood ... The developmental explanation asserts that young children have a good concept of semantic information but lack the retrieval ... Methods of retrieval[edit]. The method of memory retrieval can influence what can be recalled.[15] Specifically, whether an ... In addition, they demonstrate considerable problems with visual, pictorial, and facial memory storage and retrieval compared to ...
M Inoue (2004). "On the need for annotation-based image retrieval" (PDF). Workshop on Information Retrieval in Context. pp. 44- ... Proceedings of the International Workshop on Multimedia Intelligent Storage and Retrieval Management. Annotation as machine ... Proceedings of the ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval. pp. 119-126. Relevance models ... Proceedings of the 27th annual international conference on Research and development in information retrieval. pp. 361-368. ...
The 1970s-1980s saw the development of data-driven approaches, as data storage and retrieval technologies improved. Data ... Information technology as an enabler for business process management[edit]. Advances in information technology over the years, ... Information management concepts[edit]. Information management, and the organization infrastructure strategies related to it, ... The Role of Information Technology in Business Process Management. International Handbooks on Information Systems. Springer. pp ...
... storage, retrieval and dissemination of information. ... and using information to answer questions about projects, ... preservation and dissemination of information resources; and the political economy of information. ... Information science is an interdisciplinary science primarily concerned with the collection, classification, manipulation, ... Library science is an interdisciplinary field that applies the practices, perspectives, and tools of management, information ...
... storage, retrieval, and use of information in health and bio-medicine. Health informatics tools include computers, clinical ... information networks; information systems; information exchange; data analytics; and usability methods.[65] ... Troiano D (1999). "A primer on pharmacy information systems". Journal of Healthcare Information Management. 13 (3): 41-52. PMID ... A hospital information system (HIS) is a comprehensive, integrated information system designed to manage the administrative, ...
CLSM is used as the data retrieval mechanism in some 3D optical data storage systems and has helped determine the age of the ... in a cryogenic storage dewar.[13] This second approach, although more cumbersome, guarantees better mechanical stability and ...
... is a free and open-source information retrieval software library, originally written completely in Java by Doug ... "GNU/Linux Semantic Storage System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-01.. ... can all be indexed as long as their textual information can be extracted.[11] ...
Information access · Information architecture. *Information management. *Information retrieval. *Information seeking · ... Computer data storage · Cultural studies. *Data modeling · Informatics. *Information technology. *Intellectual freedom ... Internet acts as an example of the tragedy of the commons through the exploitation of digital resources and private information ...
... improved performance in long-term memory was shown with increased habitual caffeine intake due to better storage or retrieval.[ ... Increasing our memory capacities would result in retaining more information for extended periods of time and encoding ... you remember something better many days later if you drank caffeine during encoding as well as retrieval, as opposed to no ... memory and information processing in healthy volunteers without caffeine abstinence". Psychopharmacology. 158 (3): 322-328. doi ...
... Wangpan (百度网盘), formerly Baidu Cloud (百度云) is a cloud storage service that offers 2 TB of free data storage.[54] ... Baidu Government Information Search allows users to search various regulations, rules, notices, and other information announced ... "Hypertext Document Retrieval System and Method", US Patent number: 5920859, Inventor: Yanhong Li, Filing date: Feb 5, 1997, ... Baidu-Hexun Finance, a financial information Website,[62] with partner, a financial information service provider in ...
"Desert Information and Facts".. Deserts are formed by weathering processes as large variations in temperature between day and ... Gu, Yingxin; Rose, William I.; Bluth, Gregg J. S. (2003). "Retrieval of mass and sizes of particles in sandstorms using two ... and the moisture storage capacity of the ground have a marked effect on the degree of aridity and the plant and animal life ... PE is potential evapotranspiration rates and S is amount of surface storage of water. Evapotranspiration is the combination of ...
Maguire is a Wellcome Trust Principal Research Fellow[7] and Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience at the Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at University College London,[11] UK, where she is also the Deputy Director. Maguire heads the Memory and Space research laboratory at the Centre. In addition, she is an honorary member of the Department of Neuropsychology, National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, Queen Square, London.. Maguire and others have noted that a distributed set of brain regions supports human episodic (autobiographical) memory, defined as the memory for personal everyday events,[12] and that this brain network overlaps considerably with that supporting navigation in large-scale space and other diverse cognitive functions such as imagination and thinking about the future.[13] In her research Maguire seeks to place episodic memory in the context of wider cognition so as to understand how common brain areas, and possibly common processes, support such disparate functions. ...
The commercial storage and retrieval of potatoes involves several phases: first drying surface moisture; wound healing at 85% ... "For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 118-25.. *^ a b J. Simpson; E. Weiner, eds. (1989). "potato, n". Oxford ... a b c Potato storage, value Preservation: Kohli, Pawanexh (2009). "Potato storage and value Preservation: The Basics" (PDF). ... It is crucial that the storage area is dark, ventilated well and, for long-term storage, maintained at temperatures near 4 °C ( ...
First Generation Magnox Storage Pond: Continue to retrieve fuel and sludge.. *Magnox Swarf Storage Silo: Begin retrievals from ... and published the scientific information obtained in peer-reviewed scientific journals. It was the hospital pathologists, who ... This storage consists of 800 vertical storage tubes, each capable of storing ten containers.[citation needed] The total storage ... Highly Active Liquor Evaporation and Storage[edit]. Highly Active Liquor Evaporation and Storage (HALES) is a department at ...
The "tailings" from the bitumen retrieval and refining processes include sand, silt and clay mixed with leftover hydrocarbons ... and its upstream watershed as a permanent storage facility for mine tailings and effluent. The destruction of this lake ...
Payload Deployment and Retrieval System (PDRS)Edit. Responsible for space shuttle remote manipulator system, also known as the ... Manages the power generation, storage, and power distribution capabilities.. Remote Interface Officer (RIO)Edit. Formerly known ... Within the chain of command of the MCC, information and recommendations flow from the backroom to the frontroom to FLIGHT and ... Without the support of the backroom, a controller might make a "bad call" based on faulty memory or information not readily ...
Stockwell, Foster (2001). A history of information storage and retrieval. McFarland. p. 93. Retrieved 3 March 2012.. ... Stockwell, Foster (2000). A History of Information and Storage Retrieval. North Carolina: McFarland & Company. ISBN 0-7864-0840 ... ISO 11799:2003 Information and documentation-Document storage requirements for archive and library materials ... ISO 2789:2006 Information and documentation-International library statistics. *ISO 11620:1998 Information and documentation- ...
"Your business information in the Knowledge Panel". Google My Business Help. Google Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2017.. ... The information is presented to users in an infobox next to the search results. These infoboxes were added to Google's search ... The information covered by Google's Knowledge Graph grew quickly after launch, tripling its size within seven months (covering ... There is no official documentation of how the Google Knowledge Graph is implemented.[6] According to Google, its information is ...
post-hypnotic amnesia is characterized as a "retrieval deficit", whereas other types of amnesia suffer from a "storage" deficit ... with both groups providing substantial information for the more recent autobiographical episode. Additionally, information from ... readily and accurately initiate the retrieval that, according to dissociation, should be blocked from retrieval. This theory ... Whereas the retrieval of memories under retrograde amnesia is a slow and labour-intensive process, the reversal of hypnotically ...
... which apart from being a benchmark in this kind of interfaces is very close to us as for the storage and retrieval files system ... It could be information about who is the author of the video, creation date, duration, and all the information that could be ... Thus, through this information contained in these files is the easiest way to find data of interest to us. ... Keep in mind that converting from one format to another can lose much of this data, so check that the new format information is ...
Semiconductor Synthetic Biology for Information Storage and Retrieval (SemiSynBio-II) C Crosscutting Programs CONTACTS Name. ... Such a research effort can have a significant impact on the future of information storage and retrieval technologies. This ... announces a follow-up solicitation on the Semiconductor Synthetic Biology for Information Storage and Retrieval Program ( ... Next-generation information storage technologies can be envisioned that are driven by biological principles and use ...
Jaegermann, Information storage and retrieval systems (systems with incomplete information), CC PAS Reports, 1976Google Scholar ... Lipski, Marek, On information storage and retrieval systems, mathematical foundations, CC PAS Reports, No 200Google Scholar ... Marek, Pawlak, Information storage and retrieval systems, mathematical foundations, CC PAS Reports, No 149Google Scholar ... Ras Z. (1978) On information storage and retrieval systems an algebraic approach, part 1. In: Winkowski J. (eds) Mathematical ...
Class Information. Number: 369. Name: Dynamic information storage or retrieval > Description: A. This is the generic class for ... Storage of signal modulating component. 10. 369/13.01. Storage or retrieval by simultaneous application of diverse types of ... Mechanical modification or sensing of storage medium. 43. 369/153. Including treatment to facilitate storage (e.g., storage ... Specific detail of information handling portion of system. 33. 369/126. Electrical modification or sensing of storage medium (e ...
System for Capturing, Storage, Retrieval, and Sharing Of Toxicological Information Required In The Event Of Release of CBRN ... System for Capturing, Storage, Retrieval, and Sharing Of Toxicological Information Required In The Event Of Release of CBRN ... EPA Home » Science Inventory » System for Capturing, Storage, Retrieval, and Sharing Of Toxicological Information Required In ... NICHOLS, T. System for Capturing, Storage, Retrieval, and Sharing Of Toxicological Information Required In The Event Of Release ...
Chemical structural information is entered into the system by means of the Army Chemical Typewriter, a special purpose tape- ... and stores and processes chemical structural information and biological test data on all compounds. ... are presented for the operation of the Pilot Inventory Laboratory and for the processing of chemical structural information. ... Title : DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF COMPUTER-BASED CHEMICAL INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM. ...
Information so stored may be selectively downloaded to a central computer for processing and generation of records for the ... indicia at each LCD segment for identifying specific indicia of interest and loading corresponding indicia information into ... Self-contained examination guide and information storage apparatus comprising a flat rectangular enclosure having a front panel ... Information storage and retrieval system and method US4667292A (en) * 1984-02-16. 1987-05-19. Iameter Incorporated. Medical ...
Method and apparatus for identifying particular desired information bearing records having desired predetermined identifiable ... An information storage and retrieval system as in claim 1 comprising: a plurality of said retrieval files, each retrieval file ... An information storage and retrieval system as in claim 1 wherein said information bearing records and said retrieval file are ... A method for information storage and retrieval as in claim 20 wherein said information bearing records and said retrieval file ...
Magdy, Walid (2012) Toward higher effectiveness for recall-oriented information retrieval: A patent retrieval case study. PhD ... Lanagan, James (2009) Social impact retrieval: measuring author influence on information retrieval. PhD thesis, Dublin City ... information retrieval on digital video information. In: ECDL 2002 - 6th European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology ... Information Retrieval Meets Information Visualization: PROMISE Winter School 2012. Springer, pp. 132-154. ISBN 978-3-642-36414- ...
The capacity of PIR is the maximum number of bits of desired information per bit of downloaded information among all PIR ... Private information retrieval (PIR) is the problem of retrieving one message out of $K$ messages from $N$ non-communicating ... However, we show through an example that there is an advantage in terms of storage overhead. We provide an example of a ... replicated databases, where each database stores all $K$ messages, in such a way that each database learns no information about ...
Information Storage and Retrieval. 1290 Words , 6 Pages * The Field Of Information Retrieval And Web Analysis. 2032 Words , 9 ... Information Storage and Retrieval. 1290 Words , 6 Pages Introduction Information retrieval is a science related to documents ... Information retrieval deals with the storage and representation of knowledge and the retrieval of information relevant to a ... Information Retrieval During The 1950s. 3289 Words , 14 Pages Chapter 1 1.1 Introduction Information Retrieval Information ...
... Home Solutions To understand information storage and retrieval ... The primary theme of the paper is To understand information storage and retrieval in which you are required to emphasize its ... To understand information storage and retrieval. 2018-11-08T10:31:34+00:00 Assignment Queries ... 1.3 Explain how to create filing systems to facilitate information identification and retrieval. 1.4 Explain how to use ...
Freenet: A Distributed Anonymous Information Storage and Retrieval System by Ian Clarke, Oskar Sandberg, Brandon Wiley, ... Bigtable: A distributed storage system for structured data by Fay Chang, Jeffrey Dean, Sanjay Ghemawat, Wilson C. Hsieh, ... Bigtable is a distributed storage system for managing structured data that is designed to scale to a very large size: petabytes ... Peer-to-peer file-sharing networks are currently receiving much attention as a means of sharing and distributing information. ...
A Recovery Method for Reducing Storage Usage Considering Different Thresholds in VANETs ... Freenet: A Distributed Anonymous Information Storage and Retrieval System by Ian Clarke, Oskar Sandberg, Brandon Wiley, ... form is information stored, or remembered? 3. How does information contained in storage, or in memory, influence recognition ... The Perceptron: A Probabilistic Model for Information Storage and Organization in The Brain by F. Rosenblatt - Psychological ...
1.1 Definition of the information Retrieval: IR is concerned with representing, searching, and manipulating large collections ... Information extraction systems named entities: Topic detection and tracking systems identify events in streams of news articles ... The categorization system stems from the information training the various classes. Which would short unlabeled articles to the ... This is although a good measurement but neglected the fact that the scope of the information retrieved. ...
Storage and retrieval of mass spectral information. Hohn, M. E. / Humberston, M. J. / Eglinton, G. ... Techniques for the retrieval of chemical information; dreams vs nightmares. Tate, F. A. ... A general review of chemical and other information systems of relevance to users of chemical information. Elias, A. W. ... Computer based systems for the retrieval of data: crystallography. Kennard, O. / Allen, F. H. / Brice, M. D. / Hummelink, T. W ...
Depending upon the information punched on the card, it can skip either the storage or the retrieval operation and perform the ... Apparatus and method for rough positioning a vehicle at a storage bin in an automatic storage and retrieval system. ... AUTOMATIC STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM Filed Oct. 20, 1965 17 Sheets-Shec 9 PM use MA LS8 NLS M March 31, 1970 COTTON ET AL ... 5, storage card limit switch SCLS in FIG. 3 closes. Likewise, insertion of a punched card into retrieval card reader No. 2 in ...
This volume contains the papers presented at the 13th International Symposium on String Processing and Information Retrieval ( ... Bibliographic Information. Bibliographic Information Book Title. String Processing and Information Retrieval. Book Subtitle. ... collaborative retrieval, W- related applications, XML, information retrieval from semi-structured data, text mining, and ... String Processing and Information Retrieval. 13th International Conference, SPIRE 2006, Glasgow, UK, October 11-13, 2006, ...
Bibliographic Information. Bibliographic Information Book Title. Laboratory Experiments in Information Retrieval. Book Subtitle ... He is an editor-in-chief of the Information Retrieval Journal (Springer) and an associate editor of ACM TOIS. He received a ... The Information Retrieval Series. Series Volume. 40. Copyright. 2018. Publisher. Springer Singapore. Copyright Holder. Springer ... Laboratory Experiments in Information Retrieval. Sample Sizes, Effect Sizes, and Statistical Power. Authors: Sakai, Tetsuya ...
Interrelational laboratory information system for data storage and retrieval Description: The necessity for a functional user ... Results as a List of Thumbnails and Descriptive Information Results as a Grid of Images Print This Result Page Keep up to Date ... D. Jack Davis Art Education Collection 4 4 Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports 3 3 UNT Theses and ... Library and Information Sciences 2 2 Marketing 2 2 Administrative Leadership 1 1 Adult and Continuing Education 1 1 Adult/ ...
Information storage and retrieval systems. EP0649144A1 *. Sep 7, 1994. Apr 19, 1995. International Business Machines ... Information search system, information processing apparatus and method, and information search apparatus and method. ... Information search system, information processing apparatus and method, and information search apparatus and method. ... Information search system, information processing apparatus and method, and information search apparatus and method. ...
... the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval, AMR ... Information Storage and Retrieval. *immediately available upon purchase as print book shipments may be delayed due to the COVID ... Bibliographic Information. Bibliographic Information Book Title. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval: Semantics, Context, and ... Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI. Series Volume. 8382. Copyright. 2014. Publisher. Springer ...
It provides a web-based interface, programs for data manipulation, information storage and retrieval, descriptive statistics ... Ready-to-use programs for data manipulation, information storage and retrieval, descriptive statistics and reporting. ... Prewritten SAS procedures handle many common tasks - data manipulation and management, information storage and retrieval, ... Get valuable information from the Base SAS Programming Support Community.. Join community ...
Information processing, storage, and retrieval. *Artificial languages and their decoding systems. *Error detection, correction ... Biological information is the most important information we can discover, because over the next several decades it will ... let alone designed an information storage device anything like it... * There is no beads on a string linear arrangement of ... let alone designed an information storage device anything like DNA. Here we have an appeal to the STOMPS principle: DNA encodes ...
Associative retrieval of data via the technique of superimposed code words is accomplished by circuitry which automatically ... INFORMATION STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL SYSTEM. 1973-04-24. Glassman. 364/900. 3448436. ASSOCIATIVE MATCH CIRCUIT FOR RETRIEVING ... One fact of information retrieval that is the subject of the present invention is the technique of associative retrieval; this ... Rather, retrieval is based on foreknowledge of the exact memory location in which the desired information is stored. However, ...
Get information, facts, and pictures about book publishing at Make research projects and school reports about ... information storage and retrieval). The increasing use of sophisticated copying machines posed new problems to the need of ... Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important ... Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important ...
... information storage and retrieval; altered states of consciousness ; cognitive restructuring (how the mind mediates between ... Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important ... Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important ... Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important ...
SEO Makes You Smart Part III: Search -> Information Storage and Retrieval. Continued from: SEO Makes You Smarter Part I: ... I tend to have pretty much an abundance attitude with sharing information about SEO in most regards. I really dont try to ... Continued from: SEO Makes You Smarter Part I: Abundance Mentality and the "Progressive Effect" The web is the great information ...
  • The National Science Foundation (NSF), through its Divisions of Electrical, Communications and Cyber Systems (ECCS), Computing and Communication Foundations (CCF), Molecular and Cellular Biosciences (MCB), and Materials Research (DMR) announces a follow-up solicitation on the Semiconductor Synthetic Biology for Information Storage and Retrieval Program (SemiSynBio-II). (
  • Future ultra-low energy storage-based computing systems can be built on principles derived from organic systems that are at the intersection of physics, chemistry, biology, computer science and engineering. (
  • Next-generation information storage technologies can be envisioned that are driven by biological principles and use biomaterials in the fabrication of devices and systems that can store data for more than 100 years with storage capacity 1,000 times more than current storage technologies. (
  • Ras Z. (1978) On information storage and retrieval systems an algebraic approach, part 1. (
  • Librarians have duties to design, query, and evaluate information retrieval systems. (
  • Information Retrieval Systems are designed to deal with various sources of information, and to satisfy user's requirements. (
  • This invention relates to automatic storage and retrieval systems and more particularly to an electrical systern for controlling multiple coordinate movements in three dimensions of a crane or the like to place articles in storage racks or bins of a warehouse and to remove articles therefrom under the control of punched cards or the like information bearing media. (
  • Information Systems and Applications, incl. (
  • Primary attention is given to geographic information systems for collection, analysis, and display of spatial information in urban and environmental contexts. (
  • Masters in Information Science programs are technology-oriented degrees that span informatics, information systems and library science. (
  • They are also focus on how people engage with and utilize existing information systems in order to maximize efficiency or develop improved and optimized mechanisms. (
  • For instance, searching online for a Master's Degree in Information Science may give you different results than if you searched for either a Masters in Library Science or a Masters in Information Systems Degree. (
  • Commonly 2 years of study, Masters in Information Science programs may be the next academic step for students who have obtained a Bachelor's degree in Information Sciences, Library Science, Information Systems Management or a related area. (
  • As an academic discipline, Information Science is sometimes taught in combination with Library Science, informatics or information systems. (
  • This being said, the Masters in Informatics, Masters in Information Systems, Masters in Library Science and Masters in Information Science each may lead to a specific skill set and prepare for different types of careers. (
  • While 'informatics' is often used to refer to 'information science', it is actually the science of information and computer information systems [vii] . (
  • The Masters in Information Systems (MIS degree) is typically geared for the information technology (IT) professional who wants to lead, manage projects, plan, coordinate and direct computer-related activities within an organization. (
  • [viii] Management Information Systems majors are interested in how a specific business uses its (digital) data to improve its operations. (
  • Computerized hospital information systems (HIS) have contributed to improved management practices and productivity in financial management and accounting and most recently in administrative decision support. (
  • 1982. Advantages of machine readable identification of patients, specimens and documents in computerized laboratory information systems. (
  • Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) 14, 2001. (
  • Automated information retrieval systems are used to reduce what has been called information overload. (
  • Automated information retrieval systems were introduced in the 1950s: one even featured in the 1957 romantic comedy, Desk Set. (
  • Large-scale retrieval systems, such as the Lockheed Dialog system, came into use early in the 1970s. (
  • The introduction of web search engines has boosted the need for very large scale retrieval systems even further. (
  • 0106. Health Information Systems in Acute Care (4 s.h. (
  • Manual and computerized information systems are studied. (
  • While such storage systems do provide a vast increase in the amount of information which can be stored in a given volume of space, they present other problems. (
  • However, while several research projects have proposed contributory applications that support peer-to-peer storage systems, their adoption has been comparatively limited. (
  • We believe that a key barrier to the adoption of contributory storage systems is that contributing a large quantity of local storage interferes with the principal user of the machine. (
  • We analyze the impact of TFS on replication in peer-to-peer storage systems and show that TFS does not appreciably increase the resources needed for file replication. (
  • Two major barriers impede broader participation in contributory storage systems. (
  • First, existing contributory storage systems degrade normal application performance. (
  • Recognize the crucial role of users in the design and implementation of information systems. (
  • Conduct and apply interdisciplinary research to develop, maintain, and assess information services and systems. (
  • Apply management principles to the creation, administration, and promotion of information organizations and systems. (
  • Information Systems and Technology - to prepare students for professional employment as systems and technology experts in a wide range of government, library, corporate and nonprofit organizations. (
  • storage and retrieval of textual data in information systems. (
  • This chapter introduces the planner to the concept and applications of geographic information systems (GIS) for natural hazard management in the context of integrated development planning. (
  • Among these are geographic information systems (GIS), a systematic means of geographically referencing a number of 'layers' of information to facilitate the overlaying, quantification, and synthesis of data in order to orient decisions. (
  • This chapter demonstrates the effectiveness of geographic information systems, specifically personal-computer-based systems, as a tool for natural hazard management in the context of integrated development planning. (
  • The concept of geographic information systems (GIS) is not new. (
  • In this work are given on applications of information systems based on electronic boards. (
  • The system generates shipping instructions, maintains inventory data on the compounds in the laboratory, and stores and processes chemical structural information and biological test data on all compounds. (
  • Chemical structural information is entered into the system by means of the Army Chemical Typewriter, a special purpose tape-typewriter. (
  • Particular choices and variations in the selection of the set of predetermined identifiable characteristics of language structure to be represented by the arrays in the retrieval file will change the search and retrieval characteristics, capabilities, flexibility, etc., of the system as may be desired for particular types of record sets and particular types of base data file formats, etc. (
  • In order to do so, librarians must understand each basic element of an Information Retrieval System. (
  • 1. Differentiate between database management system and information retrieval system by focusing on their functionalities. (
  • up to one page) [30 % marks] Database Management System A Database management system (DBMS) main software that handles the storage, retrieval, and updating in a computer system. (
  • Bigtable is a distributed storage system for managing structured data that is designed to scale to a very large size: petabytes of data across thousands of commodity servers. (
  • Bayou is a replicated, weakly consistent storage system designed for a mobile computing environment that includes portable machines with less than ideal network connectivity. (
  • How is information about the physical world sensed, or detected, by the biological system? (
  • The categorization system stems from the information training the various classes. (
  • This study examines the Apple Macintosh computer program Hypercard as an interactive laboratory information system that is user-friendly, cost effective, and adaptable to the changing demands within a modern molecular or microbiology. (
  • The document contains comprehensive information about, and related to, each data element maintained in the Federal Reporting Data System (FRDS-11) System 2000 Data Base. (
  • Integrating bar coding into management information system (Materials Management System). (
  • 1968. Computer-laboratory link is base of hospital information system. (
  • The goal of Boston Community Information System Project is to explore new information system technologies that can provide sophisticated new services to entire metropolitan areas at moderate cost. (
  • The Boston Community Information System (BCIS) is a polychannel system that combines digital broadcast and duplex communication in a single integrated framework. (
  • Data from an experimental test of the BCIS system in 200 Boston area homes and businesses have shown that the Boston Community Information System provides a valuable and useful service. (
  • The second was "information storage and retrieval system according to claim 1 further including means for dynamically determining maximum number for the record search means to remove in the accessed linked list of records," according to the FOSS blog. (
  • Information retrieval (IR) is the process of obtaining information system resources that are relevant to an information need from a collection of those resources. (
  • An information retrieval process begins when a user enters a query into the system. (
  • We show that TFS allows a peer-to-peer contributory storage system to provide 40% more storage at twice the performance when compared to a user-space storage mechanism. (
  • These applications harvest idle resources such as CPU cycles, memory, network bandwidth, and local storage to serve a common distributed system. (
  • In particular, as more storage is allocated, the performance of the user's file system operations quickly degrades [ 20 ]. (
  • Presented is designed for the needs of Burgas Free university information - reference system (electronic board) based on LCD displays is based on the relational management system databases - MySQL, version 5. (
  • The Library maintains its own AS/RS (Automated Storage and Retrieval System), built in 1991, with a capacity of 1.7 million volumes. (
  • Depending upon the information punched on the card, it can skip either the storage or the retrieval operation and perform the other or it can cause the fork to move an article from any rack in the warehouse to any other rack without returning to the pickup or set-down stations. (
  • Although information retrieval is usually thought of being done by computer, retrieval can also be done by humans for other humans. (
  • Private information retrieval (PIR) is the problem of retrieving one message out of $K$ messages from $N$ non-communicating replicated databases, where each database stores all $K$ messages, in such a way that each database learns no information about which message is being retrieved. (
  • A. This is the generic class for processes of and apparatus for the storage or retrieval of arbitrarily variable information (as defined in the glossary below) which is retained in a storage medium by variation of a physical characteristic thereof. (
  • Method and apparatus for identifying particular desired information bearing records having desired predetermined identifiable characteristics from a set of such records in a base data file. (
  • Bedrock Computer Technologies was awarded $5 million for Google infringing on their patent ( U.S. Patent No. 5,893,120 ) named "Methods and apparatus for information storage and retrieval using a hashing technique with external chaining and on-the-fly removal of expired data. (
  • In 1992, the US Department of Defense along with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), cosponsored the Text Retrieval Conference (TREC) as part of the TIPSTER text program. (
  • The aim of this was to look into the information retrieval community by supplying the infrastructure that was needed for evaluation of text retrieval methodologies on a very large text collection. (
  • Current Projects: Image retrieval, image motion analysis, medical imaging and computer-assisted diagnosis, gesture and event recognition. (
  • A special retrieval file including arrays of binary coded elements is produced and maintained from the information content of the base data file. (
  • Graduates who move directly into the profession gain employment in libraries, information and records centers, archives, governmental agencies, school districts, or private sector environments. (
  • Chapter 1 1.1 Introduction Information Retrieval Information retrieval can be used in a broad term to mean physically bringing out what we have stored or kept earlier in order to use the information on it. (
  • This chapter will draw on two important fields to define roles and contexts for librarianship and other information work. (
  • Although classical statistical significance tests are to some extent useful in information retrieval (IR) evaluation, they can harm research unless they are used appropriately with the right sample sizes and statistical power and unless the test results are reported properly. (
  • RDDS - R-2s furnish narrative information on Research, Development, Test and Evaluation (RDT&E) programs and Program Elements (PE Numbers) within the Department of Defense (DoD). (
  • The papers cover topics of state of the art contributions, features and classification, location context, language and semantics, music retrieval, and adaption and HCI. (
  • The analysis of the implementation technology of computers (logic circuits and memory), together with the basic principles of digital information representation, will allow students to identify and describe the principles of computer operation, programming languages and software development. (
  • Information retrieval is defined as "a branch of computer or library science relating to the storage, locating, searching, and selecting, upon demand, relevant data on a given subject. (
  • As an interdisciplinary field, information science incorporates, but is not limited to, computer science. (
  • As an umbrella term, computer and information science covers different types of Masters degrees. (
  • The first description of a computer searching for information was described by Holmstrom in 1948, detailing an early mention of the Univac computer. (
  • Computer and Information Sciences C055. (
  • In order to increase the storage capacity, many business entities have resorted to computer storage, whereby the information is stored on electromagnetic tapes or a magnetic bubble memory. (
  • In the 1960s, the first large information retrieval research group was formed by Gerard Salton at Cornell. (
  • This invention relates generally to the field of storage and retrieval devices, and in particular, to the storage and retrieval of optical disk cartridges. (
  • Once the desired records in the base data file have been identified in this manner, they are then selected and displayed, copied, etc., as desired to provide the requisite access or retrieval of information that had previously been stored in the base data file. (
  • Library and Information Services - to prepare students for professional positions in academic, special, or public libraries. (
  • Library and Information Services/ School Library Media Specialist - to prepare students seeking certification to work in public school libraries throughout New York State. (
  • Demonstrate a sense of professional identity by applying the concepts and principles of the information sciences and related disciplines. (
  • This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval, AMR 2012, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in October 2012. (
  • Our tool, called TWINC, relies on a search engine tuned during several patent retrieval competitions, enhanced with intelligent interaction modules, such as chemical query, normalization and expansion. (
  • The recent explosion in patent litigation is turning the world's information highway into a toll road, forcing companies to spend millions and millions of dollars defending old, questionable patent claims, and wasting resources that would be much better spent investing in new technologies for users and creating jobs. (
  • discipline is often interdisciplinary since it is concerned with all the processes and techniques involved in the information life cycle. (
  • These findings provide a novel insight into learning processes that serve the desirable function of integrating stored information with new information, but whose operation might also provide a substrate for some of the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. (
  • The synaptic processes that underlie retrieval-mediated learning are unknown. (
  • We therefore investigated the contribution of synaptic processes in the hippocampus to retrieval-mediated learning. (
  • We generate a large amount of functional information, which is well beyond the reach of the random processes of the universe, every time we write a single page of a letter (+700 Fits average). (
  • The true question we should be asking is this, "Can totally natural processes ever generate functional information? (
  • especially since totally natural processes have never been observed generating functional information from scratch (Kirk Durston). (
  • R. Baeza-Yates and B. Ribeiro-Neto, Modern Information Retrieval , Addison Wesley Longman, 1999. (
  • The process of information retrieval is becoming more and more challenging as web search methods have gained popularity. (
  • Queries are formal statements of information needs, for example search strings in web search engines. (
  • automatically selects and types out those references which have been coded in any desired way at a rate of 120 words a minute - J. E. Holmstrom, 1948 The idea of using computers to search for relevant pieces of information was popularized in the article As We May Think by Vannevar Bush in 1945. (
  • Information Retrieval: Implementing and Evaluating Search Engines ,MIT Press. (
  • Advances in Information Retrieval: Recent Research from the Center for Intelligent Information Rerieval. (
  • Furthermore, the set of predetermined identifiable characteristics is itself chosen, in one exemplary embodiment, to represent the alphabetic value and relative sequential location of information characters in associated groups of characters such as words contained in the records. (
  • To locate any particular desired record, the retrieval file is first searched by identifying and selecting those arrays representing desired predetermined identifiable characteristics of language structure and comparing the binary values of respectively corresponding elements in the selected arrays thus identifying which records in the base data file have all the desired predetermined identifiable characteristics of language structure. (
  • 3. How does information contained in storage , or in memory, influence recognition and behavior? (
  • Cognitive functioning is a term used to address the wide area of human information processing. (
  • These methods may increase information familiarity. (
  • Using testing methods as a form of recall can lead to the testing effect , which aids long term memory through information retrieval and feedback. (
  • Watermarks and related machine-readable coding techniques are used to embed data within the information content on object surfaces. (
  • Also noted the essential of understanding the audience for the organization's information and techniques to facilitate its discovery. (
  • By the 1970s several different retrieval techniques had been shown to perform well on small text corpora such as the Cranfield collection (several thousand documents). (
  • Along with these added complications come techniques for managing the information so that it does not overwhelm the planner. (
  • Today healthcare faces critical challenges which information technology can help to meet. (
  • We describe Freenet, an adaptive peer-to-peer network application that permits the publication, replication, and retrieval of data while protecting the anonymity of both authors and readers. (
  • Information retrieval technology mostly used in universities and public library to help students or information users to access to books, journals and other information resources that they needed. (
  • The Master of Science in Information Science (MSIS degree) is generally geared to the critical thinker or scientist who wants to learn how to use technology to solve information problems. (
  • The Information Technology and Telecommunications (IT&T) sector is that part of the economy which produces information and telecommunications goods and services. (
  • Source: Information Technology, Australia, 1998-99 (8126.0). (
  • Source: Information and Communication Technology, Australia, 2002-03 (8126.0). (
  • Prewritten SAS procedures handle many common tasks - data manipulation and management, information storage and retrieval, report writing - delivering significant functionality you can execute with a few simple commands. (
  • Very often we are constrained by the data storage choices made by others. (
  • Computers, information retrieval and data storage. (
  • Information retrieval deals with the storage and representation of knowledge and the retrieval of information relevant to a specific user problem (Mandhl, 2007). (
  • This volume contains the papers presented at the 13th International Symposium on String Processing and Information Retrieval (SPIRE), held October 11-13, 2006, in Glasgow, Scotland. (
  • The information is stored or retrieved by causing or sensing a variation of a physical characteristic of the storage medium by a transducer having relative motion along a continuous path. (
  • In IEEE Information Theory Workshop (ITW) . (
  • In IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT) . (
  • According to Miller , whose paper in 1956 popularized the theory of the "magic number seven" , short-term memory is limited to a certain number of chunks of information, while long-term memory has a limitless store. (
  • It is further proposed in the theory that the information stored in memory, no matter how it was learned, can affect performance on a particular task without the subject being aware that this memory is being used. (
  • For storage of text content, the quality of the index to the content is important. (
  • Information networks such as the World Wide Web are characterized by the interplay between heterogeneous content and a complex underlying link structure. (
  • An object is an entity that is represented by information in a content collection or database. (
  • Understand, implement, and use appropriate technologies in the delivery of information content and services. (
  • The neural basis of this form of retrieval-mediated learning is unknown. (
  • However, the adoption of storage-based contributory applications has been limited compared to those that are CPU-based. (
  • The necessity for a functional user friendly laboratory data management program has become evident as the quantity of information required for modern scientific research has increased to to titanic proportions. (
  • 0105. Legal Aspects of Health Information Management (3 s.h. (
  • Information Management and Policy - to prepare students pursuing careers as information managers in corporations, government agencies and nonprofit organizations. (
  • Models for information retrieval of documents are based on either the text of the document or links to and from the document and other documents. (
  • Information retrieval is the science of searching for information in a document, searching for documents themselves, and also searching for the metadata that describes data, and for databases of texts, images or sounds. (
  • For example, we have retrieved information when we retrieve our international passports from our pockets in order to copy the number on it into a form. (
  • In: CIVR 2008 - ACM International Conference on Image and Video Retrieval, 7-9 July 2008, Niagara Falls, Canada. (
  • This book constitutes revised selected papers from the 22nd International Conference on Information Security and Cryptology, ICIS. (
  • This book constitutes revised selected papers from the 22nd International Conference on Information Security and Cryptology, ICISC 2019, held in Seoul, South Korea, in December 2019. (
  • A rotatable carriage contains a first and second gripping mechanism, either of which extends to engage and slidably retract an cartridge from a first storage slot into the carriage. (
  • Introduction Information retrieval is a science related to documents and information searching. (
  • Why Consider Masters in Information Science Programs? (
  • Usually this degree is offered as a Master of Science in Information Science, and abbreviated either as an MSIS or MIS degree. (
  • What is Information Science? (
  • So what exactly is information science? (
  • To equip students with the knowledge and skills required for entry into a doctoral program in information science. (
  • If the information you are looking for is not here, you may be able to find it on the EPA Web Archive or the January 19, 2017 Web Snapshot . (
  • Choosing poorly in these respects can doom us to a long, agonizing information death as complexity, inefficiency, and competing constraints spiral out of control. (
  • It should be clearly pointed out that we know, for 100% certainty, that Intelligence can generate functional information i.e. irreducible complexity. (
  • User queries are matched against the database information. (
  • For instance, in Freenet [ 8 ], all users contribute storage, and any user may make use of the storage, but there is no relationship between user data and contributed storage. (
  • Even when users are given the choice to limit the amount of storage contribution, this option requires the user to decide a priori what is a reasonable contribution. (