Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Gastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Intussusception: A form of intestinal obstruction caused by the PROLAPSE of a part of the intestine into the adjoining intestinal lumen. There are four types: colic, involving segments of the LARGE INTESTINE; enteric, involving only the SMALL INTESTINE; ileocecal, in which the ILEOCECAL VALVE prolapses into the CECUM, drawing the ILEUM along with it; and ileocolic, in which the ileum prolapses through the ileocecal valve into the COLON.Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.Vaccines, Attenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Influenza B virus: Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Influenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.Vaccines, Inactivated: Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Vaccines, Combined: Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.Immunization Schedule: Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus: Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Capsid Proteins: Proteins that form the CAPSID of VIRUSES.Vaccines, DNA: Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Safety-Based Drug Withdrawals: Removal of a drug from the market due to the identification of an intrinsic property of the drug that results in a serious risk to public health.Bacterial Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.Antigens, Viral: Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.Orthomyxoviridae Infections: Virus diseases caused by the ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE.Orthomyxoviridae: A family of RNA viruses causing INFLUENZA and other diseases. There are five recognized genera: INFLUENZAVIRUS A; INFLUENZAVIRUS B; INFLUENZAVIRUS C; ISAVIRUS; and THOGOTOVIRUS.NicaraguaInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Vaccines, Subunit: Vaccines consisting of one or more antigens that stimulate a strong immune response. They are purified from microorganisms or produced by recombinant DNA techniques, or they can be chemically synthesized peptides.Vaccine Potency: The relationship between an elicited ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE and the dose of the vaccine administered.Immunoglobulin A: Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.Virus Shedding: The expelling of virus particles from the body. Important routes include the respiratory tract, genital tract, and intestinal tract. Virus shedding is an important means of vertical transmission (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Vaccines, Conjugate: Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.Pandemics: Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests: Serologic tests in which a known quantity of antigen is added to the serum prior to the addition of a red cell suspension. Reaction result is expressed as the smallest amount of antigen which causes complete inhibition of hemagglutination.Latin America: The geographic area of Latin America in general and when the specific country or countries are not indicated. It usually includes Central America, South America, Mexico, and the islands of the Caribbean.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine: A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.Influenza A Virus, H3N8 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 8. The H3N8 subtype has frequently been found in horses.Neutralization Tests: The measurement of infection-blocking titer of ANTISERA by testing a series of dilutions for a given virus-antiserum interaction end-point, which is generally the dilution at which tissue cultures inoculated with the serum-virus mixtures demonstrate cytopathology (CPE) or the dilution at which 50% of test animals injected with serum-virus mixtures show infectivity (ID50) or die (LD50).Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Immunization, Secondary: Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral: A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)Malaria Vaccines: Vaccines made from antigens arising from any of the four strains of Plasmodium which cause malaria in humans, or from P. berghei which causes malaria in rodents.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Neuraminidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-2,3, alpha-2,6-, and alpha-2,8-glycosidic linkages (at a decreasing rate, respectively) of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid, and synthetic substrate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)Vaccines, Live, Unattenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms without their virulence altered. Examples include smallpox (vaccinia) and adenovirus vaccines.Influenza A Virus, H2N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 2 and neuraminidase 2. The H2N2 subtype was responsible for the Asian flu pandemic of 1957.Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.United StatesImmunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Germ-Free Life: Animals not contaminated by or associated with any foreign organisms.Meningococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Hemagglutinins, Viral: Specific hemagglutinin subtypes encoded by VIRUSES.Influenza A Virus, H7N7 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 7. The H7N7 subtype produced an epidemic in 2003 which was highly pathogenic among domestic birds (POULTRY). Some infections in humans were reported.UzbekistanMexicoDeveloping Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Influenza A Virus, H5N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 2. The H5N2 subtype has been found to be highly pathogenic in chickens.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Hepatitis B Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 9. This avian origin virus was first identified in humans in 2013.Mice, Inbred BALB CGenotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Oseltamivir: An acetamido cyclohexene that is a structural homolog of SIALIC ACID and inhibits NEURAMINIDASE.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Viral Nonstructural Proteins: Proteins encoded by a VIRAL GENOME that are produced in the organisms they infect, but not packaged into the VIRUS PARTICLES. Some of these proteins may play roles within the infected cell during VIRUS REPLICATION or act in regulation of virus replication or VIRUS ASSEMBLY.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Adjuvants, Immunologic: Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.PhiladelphiaPertussis Vaccine: A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Haemophilus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing antigenic polysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae and designed to prevent infection. The vaccine can contain the polysaccharides alone or more frequently polysaccharides conjugated to carrier molecules. It is also seen as a combined vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine.BCG Vaccine: An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated: A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Systems: Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Cholera Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with VIBRIO CHOLERAE. The original cholera vaccine consisted of killed bacteria, but other kinds of vaccines now exist.Vaccines, Virosome: Vaccines using VIROSOMES as the antigen delivery system that stimulates the desired immune response.IndiaToxins, Biological: Specific, characterizable, poisonous chemicals, often PROTEINS, with specific biological properties, including immunogenicity, produced by microbes, higher plants (PLANTS, TOXIC), or ANIMALS.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.Administration, Intranasal: Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent TYPHOID FEVER and/or PARATYPHOID FEVER which are caused by various species of SALMONELLA. Attenuated, subunit, and inactivated forms of the vaccines exist.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Antiviral Agents: Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.Smallpox Vaccine: A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Cross Protection: Protection conferred on a host by inoculation with one strain or component of a microorganism that prevents infection when later challenged with a similar strain. Most commonly the microorganism is a virus.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Tuberculosis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat TUBERCULOSIS.Influenza A Virus, H1N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 2. It is endemic in both human and pig populations.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic: A specific immune response elicited by a specific dose of an immunologically active substance or cell in an organism, tissue, or cell.Malawi: A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.Chickenpox Vaccine: A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Antibodies, Neutralizing: Antibodies that reduce or abolish some biological activity of a soluble antigen or infectious agent, usually a virus.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Viral Proteins: Proteins found in any species of virus.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.Hepatitis A Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with hepatitis A virus (HEPATOVIRUS).Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.Drug Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions: Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells: An epithelial cell line derived from a kidney of a normal adult female dog.Polysorbates: Sorbitan mono-9-octadecanoate poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivatives; complex mixtures of polyoxyethylene ethers used as emulsifiers or dispersing agents in pharmaceuticals.BrazilAmantadine: An antiviral that is used in the prophylactic or symptomatic treatment of influenza A. It is also used as an antiparkinsonian agent, to treat extrapyramidal reactions, and for postherpetic neuralgia. The mechanisms of its effects in movement disorders are not well understood but probably reflect an increase in synthesis and release of dopamine, with perhaps some inhibition of dopamine uptake.Streptococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent STREPTOCOCCAL INFECTIONS.Zanamivir: A guanido-neuraminic acid that is used to inhibit NEURAMINIDASE.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Injections, Intramuscular: Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.Anthrax Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent ANTHRAX.Antibody Formation: The production of ANTIBODIES by proliferating and differentiated B-LYMPHOCYTES under stimulation by ANTIGENS.DucksDogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Dengue Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with DENGUE VIRUS. These include live-attenuated, subunit, DNA, and inactivated vaccines.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
Examples of live, attenuated vaccines include measles, mumps, rubella, MMR, yellow fever, varicella, rotavirus, and influenza ( ... This can cause confusion if care is not taken to specify which vaccine is used e.g. measles vaccine or influenza vaccine. ... Immunization registry Influenza vaccine Vaccine-preventable diseases World Immunization Week Targeted immunization strategies " ... This includes those people who have never had the vaccine, those who didn't receive all doses of the vaccine, or those ...
She has also worked on rotavirus disease, conducting a large phase III trial of rotavirus vaccine among American Indian ... rotavirus; Haemophilus influenzae; respiratory syncytial virus; influenza; and Helicobacter pylori. Since 2012 she has served ... This research is critical to understanding pneumococcal vaccine needs and potential efficacy in different regions. The Hib/SP ... Katherine L. O'Brien is a recognized international expert in the areas of pneumococcal epidemiology, pneumococcal vaccine ...
Longini investigated how infectious diseases such as influenza, cholera, typhoid and dengue could be controlled with vaccines. ... rotavirus, measles and other infectious agents. Longini is also collaborating with the Department of Health and Human Services ... His work has helped to demonstrate how mass vaccination of school children helps to protect the entire community from influenza ... studied the transmission and of pandemic and interpandemic influenza and its control with antiviral agents and vaccines. ...
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
For example, NIAID collaborations with various partners led to the development of FDA-approved vaccines for influenza (FluMist ... hepatitis A (Havrix), and rotavirus (RotaShield). NIAID also was instrumental in the development and licensure of acellular ... "Vaccine Research Center". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Retrieved 1 November 2016. "Vaccine Research ... Vaccine Research Center (VRC) The Dale and Betty Bumpers Vaccine Research Center is composed of four laboratories and two ...
Influenza (flu) is more severe in the elderly than in younger age groups, but influenza vaccines lack effectiveness in this ... Nakagomi, O; Iturriza-Gomara, M; Nakagomi, T; Cunliffe, N. A. (2013). "Incorporation of a rotavirus vaccine into the national ... Kim, T. H. (2014). "Seasonal influenza and vaccine herd effect". Clinical and Experimental Vaccine Research. 3 (2): 128-32. doi ... Vaccines against STIs that are targeted at one sex result in significant declines in STIs in both sexes if vaccine uptake in ...
Wistar is also working on a universal influenza vaccine that would be effective against all strains of influenza, including ... human rabies vaccines used worldwide; and a rotavirus vaccine approved in 2006 that prevents an illness responsible for the ... A global leader in vaccine development, the Wistar Institute's half-century of achievement in vaccine development has saved ... "Rubella vaccines for the former USSR". Chemistry World News. The Royal Society of Chemistry. 17 January 2006. Retrieved 25 ...
... and rotavirus vaccines, but excluded influenza. Estimated costs and benefits were adjusted to 2009 dollars and projected over ... HPV vaccine coverage increased well, and pneumococcal vaccine and meningococcal C vaccines faced positive public reception. ... "The French National Debate on Vaccine Safety". The Vaccine Reaction. National Vaccine Information Center. Missing or empty ,url ... Later, Influenza is the only nationally necessary vaccine for adults, and is administered by general practitioners. To mitigate ...
... a meningococcal meningitis vaccine, Rotashield, a rotavirus vaccine, and FluMist, a nasal spray influenza vaccine. Since ... the first Rotavirus diarrhea vaccine, and FluMist, the first Live attenuated influenza vaccine. Siber became a Diplomate with ... 2008). Pneumococcal vaccines: the impact of conjugate vaccine. Washington, DC: ASM Press. ISBN 9781555814083. George Siber's ... "Astellas To Form Strategic Partnership With Clearpath To Build Vaccine Portfolio-In-license Vaccine Technology for Respiratory ...
Robert M. Chanock
... as well as an influenza virus vaccine in the form of a nasal spray. Efforts were underway to create a vaccine to deal with ... Researchers working with Chanock developed vaccines to prevent adenovirus infection, Hepatitis A and rotavirus, the most common ... dengue fever, though efforts to create immunizations for para-influenza viruses and respiratory syncytial virus were ...
WHO Model List of Essential Medicines
... b vaccine Hepatitis A vaccine Hepatitis B vaccine HPV vaccine Influenza vaccine Japanese encephalitis vaccine Measles vaccine ... vaccine Poliomyelitis vaccine Rabies vaccine Rotavirus vaccine Rubella vaccine Tetanus vaccine Tick-borne encephalitis vaccine ... BCG vaccine Cholera vaccine Diphtheria vaccine Haemophilus influenzae type ... Typhoid vaccine Varicella vaccine Yellow fever vaccine Atracurium Neostigmine Suxamethonium Vecuronium Pyridostigmineα ...
... a technique that later was used to create commercial vaccines against rabies and influenza. He became a pediatrician at Johns ... During an outbreak of diarrhea in 1942, he isolated the first virus known to cause diarrhea, later identified as rotavirus. The ... There, he studied poliovirus and was involved in the development of the polio vaccine. He established the Jack Martin Polio ... He was the first to isolate rotavirus, he demonstrated that the Japanese encephalitis virus is transmitted by mosquitoes, and ...
Timeline of vaccines
... vaccine for hepatitis A 1998 First vaccine for Lyme disease 1998 First vaccine for rotavirus 2003 First nasal influenza vaccine ... Sabin vaccine) 1963 First vaccine for measles 1967 First vaccine for mumps 1970 First vaccine for rubella 1974 First vaccine ... 1797 First vaccine for smallpox (the first vaccine ever developed in history) 1879 First vaccine for cholera 1885 First vaccine ... First vaccine for typhus 1941 First vaccine for Tick-borne encephalitis 1945 First vaccine for influenza 1952 First vaccine for ...
... rotavirus, influenza, meningococcal disease and pneumonia. A large number of vaccines and boosters recommended (up to 24 ... Examples include the polio vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, rabies vaccine and some influenza vaccines. Some ... the influenza vaccine, the HPV vaccine, and the chicken pox vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that licensed ... Varicella vaccine is rarely associated with complications in immunodeficient individuals and rotavirus vaccines are moderately ...
... a pentavalent rotavirus vaccine manufactured by Merck & Co. RotaTeq is one of two vaccines currently[when?] used against ... "Effect of microencapsulation on immunogenicity of a bovine herpes virus glycoprotein and inactivated influenza virus in mice". ... Offit worked for 25 years on the development of a safe and effective vaccine against rotavirus, which is a cause of diarrhea, ... He is the co-inventor of a rotavirus vaccine. Offit is the Maurice R. Hilleman Professor of Vaccinology, Professor of ...
... chicken pox vaccine, smallpox vaccine, oral polio vaccine (Sabin), rotavirus vaccine, and yellow fever vaccine. Bacterial: BCG ... vaccines include: Viral: measles vaccine, mumps vaccine, rubella vaccine, Live attenuated influenza vaccine (the seasonal flu ... An attenuated vaccine is a vaccine created by reducing the virulence of a pathogen, but still keeping it viable (or "live"). ... These vaccines contrast to those produced by "killing" the virus (inactivated vaccine). Examples of "live" (example attenuated ...
They are also difficult to successfully deploy against rapidly mutating viruses, such as influenza (the vaccine for which is ... rotavirus, polio, and more. Private institutions might require annual influenza vaccination. The Center for Disease Control and ... Low vaccine-preventable disease rates as a result of herd immunity also make vaccines seem unnecessary and leave many ... Nitazoxanide inhibits a broad range of influenza A and B viruses including influenza A(pH1N1) and the avian A(H7N9) as well as ...
The WHO lists 25 diseases for which vaccines are available: Measles Rubella Cholera Meningococcal disease Influenza Diphtheria ... papilloma-virus Rotavirus gastroenteritis Yellow fever Japanese encephalitis Malaria Dengue fever There are also some vaccine- ... Vaccine-preventable deaths are usually caused by a failure to obtain the vaccine in a timely manner. This may be due to ... If a vaccine-preventable disease is uncommon in a country, then residents of that country are unlikely to receive a vaccine ...
Cell-based influenza vaccines: progress to date.Drugs. 2008;68(11):1483-91. Wong SS, Webby RJ. Traditional and New Influenza ... The FDA has approved two mammalian vero cell based vaccines for rotavirus, Rotarix by GlaxoSmithKline and RotaTeq by Merck. ... Flucelvax targets three Influenza sub-types which includes Influenza A subtype H1N1, Influenza A subtype H3N2, and Influenza B ... Doroshenko A, Halperin S. Trivalent MDCK cell culture-derived influenza vaccine Optaflu (Novartis Vaccines). Expert Reviews. ...
Two commercial rotavirus vaccines exist and several more are in development. In Africa and Asia these vaccines reduced severe ... It is not related to influenza though it has been called the "stomach flu". Gastroenteritis can be due to infections by viruses ... "Performance of rotavirus vaccines in developed and developing countries". Human Vaccines. 6 (7): 532-542. doi:10.4161/hv.6.7. ... "Summary of effectiveness and impact of rotavirus vaccination with the oral pentavalent rotavirus vaccine: a systematic review ...
... influenza A and B, rabies virus, rotavirus, tomato and pepino mosaic virus. Since 2004, BIA Separations has organized and ... Vaccine. 28 (8): 2039-2045. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.10.061. ISSN 0264-410X. PMID 20188261. Krajnc, Nika Lendero; Smrekar, ... Improvement of Rabies Vaccine Production Using Monolithic Chromatographic Support Gutiérrez-Aguirre, Ion; Banjac, Marko; Steyer ... Industrial Platform for Virus Purification Influenza Virus Purification Platform Urbas, Lidija; Košir, Boštjan; Peterka, Matjaž ...
... routinely using rotavirus vaccines in their national immunisation programs found that rotavirus vaccines have reduced rotavirus ... Within rotavirus A there are different strains, called serotypes. As with influenza virus, a dual classification system is used ... The experience provoked intense debate about the relative risks and benefits of a rotavirus vaccine. In 2006, two new vaccines ... The incidence and severity of rotavirus infections has declined significantly in countries that have added rotavirus vaccine to ...
Universal Immunization Programme
... rotavirus vaccine (RVV) ,Measles-Rubella vaccine (MR). Four new vaccines have been introduced into the country's Universal ... Heamophilus Influenza Type B)and Pneumococcal diseases (Pneumococcal Pneumonia and Meningitis). Hepatitis B and Pneumococcal ... an adult vaccine against Japanese Encephalitis and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. Vaccines against rotavirus, rubella and ... Vaccines have been a contentious issue in public health circles, with some doctors urging caution in the choice of vaccines ...
Introduction to viruses
For example, influenza virus has only eight genes and rotavirus has eleven. These genes encode structural proteins that form ... Hepatitis B vaccine is an example of this type of vaccine. These vaccines are safer because they can never cause the disease. ... Vaccines may consist of either live or killed viruses. Live vaccines contain weakened forms of the virus, but these vaccines ... The influenza virus, for example, has eight separate genes made of RNA. When two different strains of influenza virus infect ...
ATCvet code QI09
QI09AA01 Aujeszky's disease virus QI09AA02 Porcine parvovirus QI09AA03 Porcine influenza virus QI09AA04 Aujeszky's disease ... erysipelothrix QI09AL02 Porcine rotavirus + escherichia QI09AL03 Porcine parvovirus + escherichia + erysipelothrix QI09AL04 ... pasteurella QI09AB07 Actinobacillus/haemophilus vaccine QI09AB08 Escherichia + clostridium QI09AB09 Escherichia + ... inactivated porcine influenza virus Empty group Empty group Empty group QI09AL01 Porcine parvovirus + ...
... adjuvanted influenza vaccine". Vaccine. 21 (9-10): 946-9. doi:10.1016/S0264-410X(02)00545-5. PMID 12547607. Isconova's homepage ... "Protection and antibody responses to oral priming by attenuated human rotavirus followed by oral boosting with 2/6-rotavirus- ... "A single dose of an ISCOM influenza vaccine induces long-lasting protective immunity against homologous challenge infection but ... "Immunogenicity and efficacy of recombinant subunit vaccines against phocid herpesvirus type 1". Vaccine. 21 (19-20): 2433-40. ...
PATH (global health organization)
PATH also conducts research to show the impact of rotavirus vaccines and help countries choose whether to adopt the vaccines ... and influenza. The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative supports several malaria vaccine candidates at various stages of development ... Former PATH researcher John Wecker noted that rotavirus infections dropped in areas that began to use the vaccine after the WHO ... In 2006, PATH helped Nicaragua become the first developing country to introduce rotavirus vaccines within months of their ...
Prolonged shedding of rotavirus in a geriatric inpatient. J Med Virol 2002;67(4):613-5. COID. 2003 Report of the Committee on ... Secondary measles vaccine failure in healthcare workers exposed to infected patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1993;14(2): ... Infectious agents for which droplet precautions are indicated are found in Appendix A and include B. pertussis, influenza virus ... Vaccinia (smallpox) vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2001. MMWR Recomm Rep ...
Dennehy PH (2012). "Rotavirus infection: an update on management and prevention". Advances in Pediatrics. 59 (1): 47-74. doi: ... Following on from this, in 1857 Louis Pasteur also designed vaccines against several diseases such as anthrax, fowl cholera and ... Influenza) or endogenous (from normal flora e.g. candidiasis). The site at which a microbe enters the body is referred to as ... Streptococcal pharyngitis Chlamydia Typhoid fever Tuberculosis Rotavirus Hepatitis C Human papillomavirus (HPV) Malaria Giardia ...
Vaccine Research Center Information concerning vaccine research clinical trials for Emerging and re-Emerging Infectious ... Common fecal-oral transmitted pathogens include Vibrio cholerae, Giardia species, rotaviruses, Entameba histolytica, ... The Influenza Pandemic of 1918 (or the Spanish flu) killed 25-50 million people (about 2% of world population of 1.7 billion).[ ... "Influenza of 1918 (Spanish Flu) and the US Navy". 20 February 2006. Archived from the original on 20 February 2006.. ...
කොවිඩ්-19 - විකිපීඩියා
List of vaccine topics
HPV vaccine. Cervarix, Gardasil Influenza virus. Influenza. Influenza vaccine. FluMist, Fluzone, Influvac, Vaxigrip, Fluarix, ... Rotavirus vaccine. Rotateq, Rotarix Rubella virus. Rubella. Rubella vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccine. Priorix, MMR II, ... Japanese encephalitis vaccine. Ixiaro, Jespect, Imojev Measles virus. Measles. Measles vaccine, MMR vaccine, MMRV vaccine. ... Varicella vaccine, Shingles vaccine, MMRV vaccine. Varivax, Zostavax, ProQuad, Priorix Tetra Variola virus. Smallpox. Smallpox ...
ಪ್ರತಿರಕ್ಷಣೆ(ಇಮ್ಯೂನೈಸೇಷನ್) - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
Classes: Inactivated vaccine · Live vector vaccine (Attenuated vaccine, Heterologous vaccine) · Toxoid · Subunit/component / ... Rotavirus# · Rubella# · Smallpox (Dryvax) · Varicella zoster (chicken pox#, shingles) · Herpes simplex† · Yellow fever#. ... Global: GAVI Alliance · Policy · Schedule · Vaccine injury. USA: ACIP · VAERS · VSD · Vaccine court · Vaccines for Children ... TA-CD • TA-NIC · NicVAX · Cancer vaccines (ALVAC-CEA vaccine, Hepatitis B# · HPV (Gardasil, Cervarix)) ...
In Latin America an orally administered vaccine for Salmonella in poultry developed by Dr. Sherry Layton has been introduced ... Avian influenza. *Avian sarcoma leukosis virus. *Histomoniasis (blackhead disease). *Botulism. *Campylobacteriosis. * ... https://www.terrapinn.com/conference/world-vaccine-congress-washington/speaker-sherry-LAYTON.stm ...
WHO Model List of Essential Medicines
Typhoid vaccine[note 81]. Recommendations for immunization programmes with certain characteristics *Influenza vaccine[note 82] ... Rotavirus vaccine. *Rubella vaccine. *Tetanus vaccine. Recommendations for certain regions *Japanese encephalitis vaccine[note ... For severe illness due to confirmed or suspected influenza virus infection in critically ill hospitalized patients ...
Hepatitis C virus
Main article: Hepatitis C vaccine. Unlike hepatitis A and B, there is currently no vaccine to prevent hepatitis C infection.[60 ... V, Orthomyxoviridae: Influenza virus A/B/C/D *Influenza/Avian influenza. *V, Paramyxoviridae: Human parainfluenza viruses * ... Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E ... "A new insight into hepatitis C vaccine development". J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 2010: 1-12. doi:10.1155/2010/548280. PMC 2896694 ...
Pratélan Usada Pokok Modhèl WHO
HPV vaccine. *Influenza vaccine. *Japanese encephalitis vaccine[cathetan 50]. *Measles vaccine. *Meningococcal meningitis ... Poliomyelitis vaccine. *Rabies vaccine. *Rotavirus vaccine. *Rubella vaccine. *Tetanus vaccine. *Tick-borne encephalitis ... Potentially severe or complicated illness due to confirmed or suspected influenza virus infection in accordance with WHO ...
Wikipedia:Plain and simple guide for medical editors
Drugs-The International Nonproprietary Name (INN). Most biologics, including vaccines, do not have INN or other generic names, ... Influenza 2007-01-01 Introduction to viruses 2012-10-21 Samuel Johnson 2009-01-31 ... Rotavirus 2008-04-07 Schizophrenia 2005-10-24 Sertraline 2008-06-06 ... Avoid experimental/speculative treatments and preventive measures (e.g., prophylactic vaccines or infection-avoidance ...
নিপাহ ভাইরাস সংক্রমণ - উইকিপিডিয়া
V, Orthomyxoviridae: Influenzavirus A/B/C (Influenza/Avian influenza). V, Paramyxovirus: Human parainfluenza viruses ( ... "A treatment for and vaccine against the deadly Hendra and Nipah viruses"। Antiviral Research (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। 100 (1): 8-13। ... RNA virus:Rotavirus · Norovirus · Astrovirus · Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus: HBV (B). RNA virus: CBV · HAV (A) · HCV (C) · ... "A treatment for and vaccine against the deadly Hendra and Nipah viruses"। Antiviral Research (ইংরেজি ভাষায়)। 100 (1): 8-13। ...
Virus - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Two rotaviruses: the one on the right is coated with antibodies which stop it attaching to cells and infecting them ... Vaccines can also produce immune responses. They give an artificially acquired immunity to the specific viral infection. ... Some of our most difficult-to-combat viruses, like influenza and HIV, use this method. ... Rotaviruses avoid this by not uncoating fully inside the cell and by releasing newly produced mRNA through pores in the ...
Making better influenza virus vaccines?. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(1):61-5. doi:10.3201/eid1201.051043. PMID ... Influenza viruses are spread by coughing and sneezing. Norovirus and rotavirus, common causes of viral gastroenteritis, are ... These vaccines use only the capsid proteins of the virus. Hepatitis B vaccine is an example of this type of vaccine. ... Yellow fever vaccines and international travelers. Expert Review of Vaccines. 2008;7(5):579-87. doi:10.1586/14760522.214.171.1249. ...
Vaccine. Main article: Hepatitis B vaccine. Vaccines for the prevention of hepatitis B have been routinely recommended ... Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E ... Both types of the hepatitis B vaccine, the plasma-derived vaccine (PDV) and recombinant vaccine (RV) are of similar ... Most vaccines are given in three doses over a course of months. A protective response to the vaccine is defined as an anti-HBs ...
Vaccines. A vaccine based on recombinant viral proteins was developed in the 1990s and tested in a high-risk population ( ... V: Orthomyxoviridae: Influenza virus A/B/C/D *Influenza/Avian influenza. *V, Paramyxoviridae: Human parainfluenza viruses * ... Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E ... Hepatitis E Vaccine Working Group (1 October 2014). Recommendations of HEV Working Group on the use of hepatitis E vaccine (PDF ...
সংক্ৰমণ - অসমীয়া ৱিকিপিডিয়া
Vaccine Research Center Information concerning vaccine research clinical trials for Emerging and re-Emerging Infectious ... "Influenza of 1918 (Spanish Flu) and the US Navy" *↑ 49.0 49.1 Krauss H; Weber A; Appel M (2003). Zoonoses: Infectious Diseases ... Common fecal-oral transmitted pathogens include Vibrio cholerae, Giardia species, rotaviruses, Entameba histolytica, ... The Influenza Pandemic of 1918 (or the Spanish Flu) killed 25-50 million people (about 2% of world population of 1.7 billion).[ ...
ಟೆಂಪ್ಲೇಟು:Vaccines - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
Rotavirus# · Rubella# · Smallpox (Dryvax) · Varicella zoster (chicken pox#, shingles) · Herpes simplex† · Yellow fever#. ... Classes: Inactivated vaccine · Live vector vaccine (Attenuated vaccine, Heterologous vaccine) · Toxoid · Subunit/component / ... Global: GAVI Alliance · Policy · Schedule · Vaccine injury. USA: ACIP · VAERS · VSD · Vaccine court · Vaccines for Children ... TA-CD • TA-NIC · NicVAX · Cancer vaccines (ALVAC-CEA vaccine, Hepatitis B# · HPV (Gardasil, Cervarix)) ...
The hepatitis B vaccine is the first vaccine that has been established to prevent cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) by ... Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E ... In 2006, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a human papilloma virus vaccine, called Gardasil. The vaccine protects ... Through advances in cancer research, vaccines designed to prevent cancer have been created. ...
... rotavirus, influenza, meningococcal disease and pneumonia. A large number of vaccines and boosters recommended (up to 24 ... vaccines that have proven effective include the influenza vaccine, the HPV vaccine, and the chicken pox vaccine. The ... Examples include the polio vaccine, hepatitis A vaccine, rabies vaccine and some influenza vaccines. ... First DIVA vaccines. The first DIVA vaccines (formerly termed marker vaccines and since 1999 coined as DIVA vaccines) and ...
World Health Organization (2012). "Vaccines Against Influenza". Weekly Epidemiological Record. 47.. *^ Halbreich U, Karkun S ( ... rotavirus, respiratory syncytial virus and herpes simplex virus-1, as well as gastrointestinal and lower respiratory tract ... women should also fulfill any missing vaccinations as soon as possible including the tetanus vaccine and influenza vaccine. ... are less prone to infections such as Haemophilus influenza, Streptococcus pneunoniae, Vibrio cholerae, Escherichia coli, ...
Vaccine Research Center Information concerning vaccine research clinical trials for Emerging and re-Emerging Infectious ... Common fecal-oral transmitted pathogens include Vibrio cholerae, Giardia species, rotaviruses, Entameba histolytica, ... The Influenza Pandemic of 1918 (or the Spanish flu) killed 25-50 million people (about 2% of world population of 1.7 billion).[ ... Lower respiratory infections include various pneumonias, influenzas and acute bronchitis. *^ Diarrheal diseases are caused by ...
දුස්සාධ්ය තීව්ර ශ්වසන සහලක්ෂණය කොරෝනාවෛරස 2 - විකිපීඩියා
See also: Adenovirus vaccine. Safe and effective adenovirus vaccines were developed for adenovirus serotypes 4 and 7, but were ... Rotavirus. Norovirus. Astrovirus. Coronavirus. Hepatitis. DNA virus. HBV (B). RNA virus. CBV. HAV (A). HCV (C). HDV (D). HEV (E ... 2000). "Adult adenovirus infections: loss of orphaned vaccines precipitates military respiratory disease epidemics". Clin ...
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
HIV - Wikipédia Sunda, énsiklopédi bébas
RNA virus, V: Influenza/Avian influenza - Human parainfluenza viruses - RSV - hMPV Liana/rupa-rupa: Infectious mononucleosis - ... Capital Area Vaccine Effort. *AEGiS.org: AIDS Education Global Information System- Patient/clinician information & Historical ... Be the Generation - Information on HIV Vaccine Clinical Research in 20 American Cities ... RNA virus: Rotavirus - Norovirus - Astrovirus - Coronavirus. Sistim réspirasi. RNA virus, IV: Acute viral nasopharyngitis - ...
রোটাভাইরাস - উইকিপিডিয়া
"Rotavirus vaccines: opportunities and challenges"। Human Vaccines। 5 (2): 57-69। doi:10.4161/hv.5.2.6924। PMID 18838873।. ... V, Orthomyxoviridae: Influenzavirus A/B/C (ইনফ্লুয়েঞ্জা ভাইরাস/Avian influenza). V, Paramyxovirus: Human parainfluenza viruses ... "Performance of rotavirus vaccines in developed and developing countries"। Human Vaccines। 6 (7): 532-42। doi:10.4161/hv.6.7. ... 18: Rotavirus"। Atkinson W, Wolfe S, Hamborsky J। Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (12th সংস্করণ)। ...
VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among...
... vaccine controversy started with the 1998 publication of a research paper in the medical journal The Lancet. Former ... VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among ... VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among ... 30-vaccine-hoax-unveiled-as-rigorous-scientific-study-finds-no-reduction-in-measles-mumps-rubella-influenza-or-rotavirus-among- ...
Vaccine Market by Technology (Live, Conjugate, Toxoid, Recombinant), Disease (Influenza, DTaP, HPV, Hepatitis, Rotavirus, TT,...
Influenza, DTaP, HPV, Hepatitis, Rotavirus, TT, Polio, MMR, Varicella, Dengue, TB, Rabies), Route (IM, SC, ID, Oral), End User ... 204 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Vaccine Market by Technology (Live, Conjugate, Toxoid, Recombinant), Disease ( ... 7.4 Live Attenuated Vaccines. 7.5 Recombinant Vaccines. 7.6 Toxoid Vaccines. 8 Vaccine Market, By Type. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 ... Vaccine Market by Technology (Live, Conjugate, Toxoid, Recombinant), Disease (Influenza, DTaP, HPV, Hepatitis, Rotavirus, TT, ...
VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among...
VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among ... VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among ... 30-vaccine-hoax-unveiled-as-rigorous-scientific-study-finds-no-reduction-in-measles-mumps-rubella-influenza-or-rotavirus-among- ... A new rigorous peer-reviewed study found no reductions in the incidence of measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, or rotavirus ...
Public health impact and cost effectiveness of mass vaccination with live attenuated human rotavirus vaccine (RIX4414) in India...
Cost-effectiveness of influenza vaccination in high-risk children in Argentina. Vaccine2001;19:4204-13. ... Since 2004, two new oral rotavirus vaccines have been introduced: a human-bovine reassortant pentavalent rotavirus vaccine and ... Efficacy of human rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus gastroenteritis during the first 2 years of life in European infants: ... Rotavirus disease in Uzbekistan: cost-effectiveness of a new vaccine. Vaccine2007;25:373-80. ...
Rotavirus vaccines have saved nearly $1 billion
Vaccines against a common cause of infant diarrhea have kept hundreds of thousands of children out of the hospital, saving ... "But there are 150 pediatric deaths every year from influenza, many in previously healthy children." ... A nurse gives Rotavirus vaccine to a baby during a program to start vaccination against the virus. The vaccine is for children ... Rotavirus vaccines have saved nearly $1 billion. Vaccines against a common cause of infant diarrhea have kept hundreds of ...
Top 8 "immunity builders" that actually contain insanely dangerous ingredients - NaturalNews.com
... influenza vaccine dangerous, rotateq toxic, small pox, toxic flu shot, toxic ingredients, vaccine scams, vaccine toxins. ... 1. Rotateq Rotavirus Vaccine. This insane jab literally contains two strains of circovirus - a deadly disease (that has " ... Facebook bans all content on vaccine awareness, including facts about vaccine ingredients, vaccine injury and vaccine industry ... 2. Flu Shot (aka influenza vaccine). Yes, the CDC outright lied to every American a decade ago and said mercury was removed ...
Will a cholesterol-busting vaccine work for humans? | NHS Choices | Nursing Times
Introducing the rotavirus vaccine in the UK. 21 June, 2013. Vaccination against rotavirus, which causes significant morbidity ... Influenza is highly contagious but myths about the flu vaccine may lead to nurses declining vaccination, putting them at risk ... The vaccine is designed to provoke an immune response against PCSK9. The researchers found several of the vaccines worked in ... A combination of vaccine and statins tested in monkeys resulted in lower levels of LDL cholesterol than the vaccine alone. ...
Administering Rotavirus Vaccines | CDC
... administration with other vaccines and vaccine administration errors. ... Summary of guidance for administering the rotovirus vaccines including information on: number of doses, timing of doses, ... The infants immune response to influenza vaccine administered at the same time as rotavirus vaccine has not been studied. ... Rotavirus vaccine can be administered at the same doctor visit as DTaP vaccine, Hib vaccine, polio vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine ...
Update on Routine Childhood and Adolescent Immunizations - American Family Physician
13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine has replaced the 7-valent vaccine; a new two-dose oral rotavirus vaccine has been ... influenza vaccine has been expanded to routine use in all children six months and older; and the human papillomavirus vaccine ... For the 2015-2016 influenza season, either live attenuated or inactivated vaccine can be administered to healthy children two ... Despite the overwhelming success of vaccinations, vaccine delay and refusal are leading to pockets of vaccine-preventable ...
NIS | About the National Immunization Surveys | Vaccines | CDC
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). *Rotavirus vaccine (ROT). *Hepatitis A vaccine (HepA). *Influenza vaccine (Flu) ... National Immunization Survey-Child Influenza Module (NIS-CIM) pdf icon[30 pages] for children 6-18 months and 3-12 years who ... A short flu vaccination questionnaire, the National Immunization Survey-Child Influenza Module pdf icon[30 pages] (NIS-CIM), is ... If the child received a vaccination, respondents are asked how many vaccine doses the child received and whether it was a flu ...
Geospatial Variation in Rotavirus Vaccination in Infants, United States, 2010-2017 - Volume 25, Number 10-October 2019 -...
From data on 519,697 infants, we found 68.6% received the entire rotavirus vaccine series. We noted pockets of undervaccination ... We evaluated rotavirus vaccination rates in the United States by using records from a nationwide health database. ... Pandemic Influenza-Travel-Related Measures Workshop Report on Global Harmonization of Enterovirus Vaccines Chlamydia abortus in ... Aliabadi N, Wikswo ME, Tate JE, Cortese MM, Szilagyi PG, Staat MA, et al. Factors associated with rotavirus vaccine coverage. ...
Rotavirus Vaccination Coverage Among Infants Aged 5 Months -- Immunization Information System Sentinel Sites, United States,...
It includes age changes for the first dose of rotavirus vaccine and variances for its schedule, minimal interval changes for ... CDC wants workers vaccinated against influenza. // American Nurse;Mar/Apr2006, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p4 The article reports on the ... The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommended the inclusion of a second rotavirus vaccine to be ... sentinel sites to assess trends on the use of a rotavirus vaccine (RV) on infants aged 5 months from June 2006 to June 2009. ...
Goal 4: Ensure Stable Supply, Access, and Better Use of Vaccines | HHS.gov
... and better use of recommended vaccines in the United States. ... Goal 4 of the National Vaccine Plan is to Ensure a stable ... Rotavirus vaccine. *Universal influenza vaccination. *13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Barriers to improved vaccine ... Vaccines Left Menu - National Vaccine Plan Block. *National Vaccine Plan (NVP)has sub items, National Vaccine Plan (NVP)*Goal 1 ... and influenza). New 21st-century vaccine supply concerns, such as vaccines for pandemic influenza, emerging diseases, and ...
How can we keep ignoring that vaccines are dangerous with studies like these? | Yahoo Answers
The results of the study showed a direct linear correlation between the number of vaccines given to infants and the IMR. As the ... The study was conducted by separating the nations into one of five groups based on the number of vaccine doses they routinely ... The groups were: 1214, 1517, 1820, 2123, and 2426 vaccine doses. The US gives the highest number at 26 doses in the first year ... These groups were then compared for IMR in relationship to the number of vaccines given. ...
The American Academy of Pediatrics gets hard core on vaccine exemptions-finally | ScienceBlogs
It was there that I first encountered the claim that vaccines cause autism, sudden infant death syndrome, autoimmune diseases, ... No rotavirus vaccine. No HIB vaccine (remember, we are talking kindergarten here). No Pneumococcal vaccine. No influenza ... You cannot forget about the influenza viral capsid proteins in the vaccine. In the 2009 H1N1 vaccine (Novartis), we have 18.8μg ... You cannot forget about the influenza viral capsid proteins in the vaccine. In the 2009 H1N1 vaccine (Novartis), we have 18.8μg ...
Vaccines need to be administered at particular designated time in life to prevent the infection. For maximum effectiveness ... to receive vaccinations as soon as their immune systems are sufficiently developed to respond to the components of the vaccines ... Rotavirus. *Influenza. *meningococcal disease. *pneumonia. The schedules also recommend vaccines and boosters for older ... Some routine vaccines are important for travel. These include the routine vaccines for children and adults (figures above). ...
The Risk of Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura After Vaccination in Children and Adolescents | Pediatrics
rotavirus vaccine. Tdap - tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine. TIV - trivalent influenza vaccine. VAR - varicella ... pneumococcal conjugate vaccine [PCV], inactivated poliovirus vaccine [IPV], Haemophilus influenza type b vaccine [Hib], and ... with the exception of trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV), live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV), and Hep A, which are given ... hepatitis B virus vaccine. Hep A - hepatitis A vaccine. Hib - Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine. HPV - human papilloma ...
Rho(D) Immune Globulin (Professional Patient Advice) - Drugs.com
Influenza Virus Vaccine (Live/Attenuated); Rotavirus Vaccine; Yellow Fever Vaccine; Zoster Vaccine (Live/Attenuated). Consider ... Varicella Virus Vaccine: Rho(D) Immune Globulin may diminish the therapeutic effect of Varicella Virus Vaccine. Management: Do ... Vaccines (Live): Immune Globulins may diminish the therapeutic effect of Vaccines (Live). Management: Consult full interaction ... and Rubella Virus Vaccine. Management: Do not delay administration of the measles, mumps, and rubella virus vaccine in women ...
Influenza Virus Vaccine Inactivated Monograph for Professionals - Drugs.com
Influenza Virus Vaccine Inactivated reference guide for safe and effective use from the American Society of Health-System ... Prevention of rotavirus disease: updated guidelines for use of rotavirus vaccine. Pediatrics. 2009; 123:1412-20. http://www. ... inactivated influenza vaccine (i.e., influenza vaccine inactivated or influenza vaccine recombinant) can be used.100 112 These ... influenza vaccine inactivated (IIV), influenza vaccine recombinant (RIV), and influenza vaccine live intranasal (LAIV).100 ...
Top 10 Oral Vaccines Companies SWOT Analysis By 2020
... : GlaxoSmithKline, PaxVax Corporation, Pfizer, Vaxart - published on openPR ... Rotavirus. Cholera. HIV. Respiratory Infections. Influenza. Tuberculosis. Others. Get Discount on this Report: http://www. ... Influenza, HIV, Polio, HPV vaccine, Respiratory Infections, and dengue are a number of the widely used vaccines across the ... Vaccine Market Demand is Increasing U.S. Vaccine Market: Snapshot The overall vaccine industry has strengthened itself in terms ...
Pediatric Vaccines Market 2018-2025 United States Industry Analysis, Trends, Opportunity, Market Size and Segment Forecasts |...
United States pediatric vaccines market is expected to grow over US$ 15 Billion by 2025, driven by increased disease awareness ... Rotavirus. *Hepatitis B. *Influenza Pediatric. *Measles, Mumps & Rubella (MMR). The Latest Industry Data Included in this ... United States Pediatric Vaccines Market Size & Analysis ,2010 - 2025. *United States Pediatric Vaccines Market Share and Y-o-Y ... United States Pediatric Vaccines Market by Disease Indication ,2010 - 2025. *10 Pediatric Vaccines Doses Administered (Volume), ...
Decline in Cases of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis Presenting to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia after Introduction of a...
ORyan for the Human Rotavirus Vaccine Study Group. 2006. Safety and efficacy of an attenuated vaccine against severe rotavirus ... the corresponding numbers for influenza A virus were 336 versus 354. Twelve (33%) of the patients presenting with rotavirus ... Decline in rotavirus cases in the U.S. after licensure of a live, oral rotavirus vaccine, abstr. G1-437, p.357. 48th Intersci. ... The new pentavalent rotavirus vaccine composed of bovine (strain WC3)-human rotavirus reassortants. Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.25: ...
Eurosurveillance | Baseline incidence of intussusception in early childhood before rotavirus vaccine introduction, the...
It gained attention due to an unexpected association with the first rotavirus vaccine, RotaShield, which was subsequently ... which could be used for future rotavirus safety monitoring. Our estimates are based on two different sources: electronic ... Importance of background rates of disease in assessment of vaccine safety during mass immunisation with pandemic H1N1 influenza ... Research priorities regarding rotavirus vaccine and intussusception: a meeting summary. Vaccine. 2012;30(Suppl 1):A179-84. ...
Respiratory Decompensation and Immunization of Preterm Infants | Articles | Pediatrics
... influenza vaccine (Fluzone; Sanofi, Paris, France), rotavirus vaccine (Rotateq; Merck), and DTaP-IPV-HBV combination vaccine ( ... Hib vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, IPV, DTaP vaccine, and rotavirus vaccine.28 ... Vaccines. The vaccines administered during the 6.5-year study period include inactivated polio vaccine (IPV; Ipol; Sanofi, ... hepatitis B vaccine. HFNC - high-flow nasal cannula. Hib - Haemophilus influenzae type b. IPV - inactivated polio vaccine. IVH ...
VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among...
... vaccine controversy started with the 1998 publication of a research paper in the medical ... ... MMR vaccine, Mumps, neurodevelopmental disorders, rotavirus vaccines, rubella, vaccine damage, vaccine hoax, Wakefield ... VACCINE HOAX unveiled as rigorous scientific study finds NO reduction in measles, mumps, rubella, influenza or rotavirus among ... 30-vaccine-hoax-unveiled-as-rigorous-scientific-study-finds-no-reduction-in-measles-mumps-rubella-influenza-or-rotavirus-among- ...
Childhood Immunization Status | HIMSS
... two or three rotavirus (RV); and two influenza (flu) vaccines by their second birthday. ... Children who have evidence showing they received recommended vaccines, had documented history of the illness, had a ... three H influenza type B (HiB); three hepatitis B (Hep B); one chicken pox (VZV); four pneumococcal conjugate (PCV); one ... seropositive test result, or had an allergic reaction to the vaccine by their second birthday. ...
Belgium: Routine Immunizations | IAMAT
Haemophilius influenza type B. *Rotavirus. To see what routine and travel-related vaccines are recommended and required for ... Influenza. Influenza vaccination is recommended for all travellers over 6 months of age, especially for children, pregnant ... World Health Organization: International Travel and Health, Vaccine Preventable Diseases and Vaccines ... Recommended vaccines. The following vaccinations are recommended for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious ...
Vaccines Market Size, Share, Trends & Industry Analysis Report - 2023
Vaccines market is expected to reach $65,148 million in 2023, and register a CAGR of 10.9%. Report offers a full analysis of ... and Other Vaccines), Indication (Pneumococcal Disease; Influenza, Human Papilloma Virus; Meningococcal Disease; Rotavirus; ... Vaccines Market by Technology (Conjugate Vaccines, Inactivated Vaccines, Live Attenuated Vaccines, Toxoid Vaccines, Recombinant ... INFLUENZA VACCINE RECOMMENDATIONS BY CDC, 2016-2017. TABLE 24. COMPANY PRODUCT ANALYSIS OF INFLUENZA VACCINES IN U.S.. TABLE 25 ...
Adjuvants in Vaccines - The Weston A. Price Foundation
Live virus vaccines include:. Influenza (nasal spray). Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined vaccine). Rotavirus. Varicella ( ... Vaccines containing polysorbate 80 include DTaP, Rotavirus and Gardasil.. BIOCHEMICAL WARFARE. Given the many toxic ingredients ... Vaccines can be made from other sources.. Vaccines also contain DNA, which is harvested from aborted infants. As adjuvants in ... When vaccine makers took most thimerosal out of most vaccines (with the exception of flu shots, which still widely contain ...
Vaccine rates are up, but so are refusals
... kids are getting their full series of vaccines, but more and more parents are also refusing vaccinations, new health insurance ... rotavirus; diphtheria, tetanus and pertissus (whooping cough); Haemophilus influenza B; pneumococcal; polio; meales, mumps and ... But vaccine deniers have become much more active as social media gives them an easy way to voice their opinions without ... Related: Vaccine debate vexes Vermont village. "We think it should be closer to the 80 percent mark, and really, above 90 ...
PertussisVaricellaTetanusDiphtheriaChickenpoxMumps and rubellaDTaPWhooping coughInfantsInfectionsGastroenteritisRecombinant vaccinesPneumococcal diseaseConjugate vaccineChildhood vaccinesSmallpoxRotarix2017PneumoniaInfectionHepatitis B vacciIntussusceptionRabiesToxoid vaccinesImmunizationsPandemic influenzaKaiser Permanente Vaccine Study CenterImmuneGardasilAdultsCombination vaccinesMeasles-mumps-rubellaPolio vaccineIndicationNVIC2016Yellow feverSeasonal influenzaViralEfficacyDevelopment of new vaccinesSevereHuman papilloPediatric vaccines
- Though vaccinated children had a lower likelihood of two vaccine-preventable illnesses (chicken pox and pertussis), they found NO reduction of other vaccine-preventable illnesses such as hepatitis A or B, measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, meningitis, or rotavirus. (fourwinds10.com)
- The tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine should be administered to pregnant women at 27 to 36 weeks' gestation to provide passive immunity for their infants. (aafp.org)
- There was a significantly elevated risk of ITP after hepatitis A vaccine at 7 to 17 years of age, and for varicella vaccine and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccine at 11 to 17 years of age. (aappublications.org)
- For hepatitis A, varicella, and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccines, elevated risks were based on one to two vaccine-exposed cases. (aappublications.org)
- Because of the small number of exposed cases and potential confounding, the possible association of ITP with hepatitis A, varicella, and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis vaccines in older children requires further investigation. (aappublications.org)
- Diphtheria + Tetanus + Pertussis + Polio + Hib + Hepatitis B (6-in-1 baby vaccine - one injection into the thigh). (netdoctor.co.uk)
- 2001) The risk of seizures after receipt of whole-cell pertussis or measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. (science.org.au)
- Katz-Sidlow, R.J. and Sidlow, R. (2003) A look at the pediatrician as parent: Experiences with the introduction of varicella vaccine. (scirp.org)
- The oral polio vaccine of Albert Sabin and the measles, rubella, mumps, and varicella vaccines were all made possible through selection of clones by cell-culture passage in vitro ( 17 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 21 ). (pnas.org)
- A second study found that the chickenpox vaccine slashed the number of hospitalizations by 90% from 1994 to 2009. (usatoday.com)
- At the time the vaccine was licensed, some doctors worried that immunity would fade, leaving children unprotected in their teens or early adult years, when chickenpox infection is more dangerous. (usatoday.com)
- Two decades later, however, it's clear that the chickenpox shot has actually protected people of all ages, says Roger Baxter, the study's lead author and co-director of the Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center in Oakland, Calif. Chickenpox infections fell 90% to 95% for children ages 5 to 19. (usatoday.com)
- According to vaccines.gov , chickenpox used to be very common in the United States. (carrington.edu)
Mumps and rubella5
- The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine controversy started with the 1998 publication of a research paper in the medical journal The Lancet . (fourwinds10.com)
- Physicians should explain to parents that vaccines-including the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine-are beneficial, safe, and effective. (aafp.org)
- One way to deal with this is introduction of combined vaccines like MMR against measles, mumps and rubella. (news-medical.net)
- At least 50 horrified parents have complained that their GPs have 'mistakenly' given their children the combined measles, mumps and rubella vaccine, it has emerged. (healthimpactnews.com)
- MMR (Measles, Mumps, and Rubella) vaccine at that point was a relatively new combination vaccine. (noisyroom.net)
- From data on 519,697 infants, we found 68.6% received the entire rotavirus vaccine series. (cdc.gov)
- The results of the study showed a direct linear correlation between the number of vaccines given to infants and the IMR. (yahoo.com)
- As the number of vaccines given to infants increases, so does the death rate among infants. (yahoo.com)
- Prevention of seasonal influenza virus infection in adults, 104 106 107 108 160 170 186 190 adolescents, 104 106 107 108 190 children, 104 106 107 108 and infants ≥6 months of age. (drugs.com)
- A pentavalent rotavirus vaccine for infants became available in the United States in February 2006. (asm.org)
- Rotavirus is the leading cause of dehydrating acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children around the world and continues to infect virtually all infants and children by the age of 5 years, the great majority in the first 2 years of life ( 14 ). (asm.org)
- However, the pediatric vaccines segment dominates the market, owing to the high demand for vaccines in infants, such as BCG vaccines, MMR vaccines, and DPT vaccines. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
- Rotavirus is most problematic in infants and young children, who can become severely dehydrated and require hospitalization. (medindia.net)
- Nevertheless, more than 22 million of the world's children (about onefifth of infants) are still not being immunized with basic vaccines, the WHO said. (jpost.com)
- Everything you need to know about the UK childhood immunisation schedule, from the benefits to possible side effects of vaccines for infants, children and teens. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Before rotavirus vaccines were available, rotavirus was the most common cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children in the United States and worldwide. (carrington.edu)
- Pneumococcal and Combination Vaccines together hold the significant market share in pediatric (infants) vaccine market and is expected to continue so during the forecast period. (marketresearch.com)
- This market research report provides a complete analysis of the Global Pediatric (Infants) Vaccine Market and their projections for the upcoming years, Growth Drivers, Challenges, and Disease wise number of reported cases. (marketresearch.com)
- Follow up of infected neonates by Dr. Jayshree Ayer at AIIMS indicated that these neonatal infants mounted a robust serum and mucosal immune response to rotavirus. (nih.gov)
- Moreover, study of a cohort of infected and non-infected infants by Drs. Bhan and Judy Lew (from CDC) indicated that those newborns infected were protected against subsequent severe rotavirus disease. (nih.gov)
- Rotavirus infections account for approximately a half-million deaths annually in the developing world. (asm.org)
- In the United States, where ∼50 deaths attributable to rotavirus are reported each year, rotavirus infections cause an estimated 50,000 to 70,000 hospitalizations per year. (asm.org)
- Adult vaccines possess high market potential for growth of vaccines, owing to increase in incidence of human papilloma virus infections in adults. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
- Kids who don't get the full series of vaccines are susceptible to infection and can spread infections. (nbcnews.com)
- Some viral infections can be prevented by vaccines, which "teach" the adaptive immune system to recognize specific viruses. (medindia.net)
- Vaccines do not only protect the person they are given to, but also the population at large, since they work to reduce the general prevalence of once-common infections. (portsmouthhospital.com)
- Moreover, major factors such as the augmenting demand for effective vaccines to control the growing prevalence of viral infections. (medgadget.com)
- Substantial investments are being transpired by the key players into R&D to develop safe, effective, and affordable vaccines that can prevent various infections in uninfected people with the research priority giving its game-changing potential for controlling and ultimately ending the pandemics. (medgadget.com)
- Further studies of the epidemiology of rotavirus in India changed the way we think about the epidemiology of rotavirus infections in low vs. high income settings. (nih.gov)
- Rotavirus infections are highly seasonal in the United States and Europe but occur year round in India. (nih.gov)
- Rotavirus is the leading cause of severe gastroenteritis worldwide, infecting virtually every child by the age of 5. (bmj.com)
- The gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus tends to be more severe than that caused by other viral pathogens. (bmj.com)
- All children presenting to The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with acute gastroenteritis have been monitored for the presence of rotavirus antigen in the stool by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA [followed by genotyping if ELISA positive]) since the 1994-1995 epidemic season, presenting a unique opportunity to assess the impact of the recently introduced vaccine. (asm.org)
- The longstanding surveillance system for acute gastroenteritis at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) provided a unique opportunity to assess the impact of the pentavalent vaccine in actual clinical practice. (asm.org)
- Health experts recommend that all children get the rotavirus vaccine to prevent gastroenteritis, a disease that causes dehydration and vomiting. (schmidtandclark.com)
- By technology, the vaccines market is segmented into conjugate vaccines, inactivated and subunit vaccines, live attenuated vaccines, recombinant vaccines, and toxoid vaccines. (reportsnreports.com)
- By Technology: Live Attenuated Vaccines, Inactivated and Subunit Vaccines, Toxoid Vaccines-Conjugate Vaccines and Recombinant Vaccines. (researchandmarkets.com)
- Based on the type of vaccine, the market for human vaccines has been examined in the report for conjugate vaccines, recombinant vaccines, inactivated vaccines, combination vaccines, and attenuated vaccines. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
- The risk of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) after childhood vaccines other than measles-mumps-rubella vaccine (MMR) is unknown. (aappublications.org)
- ITP is unlikely after early childhood vaccines other than MMR. (aappublications.org)
- The risk after other childhood vaccines is unknown. (aappublications.org)
- When are childhood vaccines given? (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Fisher explains what happened: "The companies threatened Congress that they were going to leave the people without any childhood vaccines if they did not get liability protection. (noisyroom.net)
- For around the first 100 years of the vaccine story, the story was solely that of smallpox. (springer.com)
- The first vaccines for humans against viruses used weakened or attenuated viruses to generate immunity without causing serious illness (e.g. the early smallpox vaccine that was derived from cowpox). (carrington.edu)
- There is a vaccine against smallpox that was a key tool in the eradication of the disease. (carrington.edu)
- This vaccine does not contain the variola virus which causes smallpox, but a closely related virus called vaccinia. (carrington.edu)
- If there is a smallpox outbreak, public health officials will say who else should get the vaccine. (carrington.edu)
- In 1798 Edward Jenner introduced inoculation with cowpox (smallpox vaccine), a much safer procedure. (wikipedia.org)
- While uncommon, EV can develop when AD patients are given the smallpox vaccine or come into close personal contact with people who recently received the vaccine. (bio-medicine.org)
- The information generated by this network will improve our understanding of the immune responses of these patients and should greatly influence the design of a safer smallpox vaccine. (bio-medicine.org)
- Monovalent vaccines segment expected to hold the largest share of the market in 2017. (reportsnreports.com)
- Global Vaccines Market was valued at $31,216 million in 2016, and is expected to reach $65,148 million in 2023, and register a CAGR of 10.9%, during the forecast period, 2017- 2023. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
- The report, "Global Vaccine Market Forecast to 2017" provides an extensive research and in-depth analysis of the current status and future outlook of the global vaccine market. (marketpublishers.com)
- In the recent times, the global market for Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 has surfaced as one of the most promising markets in the pharmaceutical industry, thanks to the significant rise in research and development activities by leading vendors of Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 across the world. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Manufacturers have turned to technological innovations and data-driven customization to satisfy the augmenting consumer demand for efficiency and more accuracy in results, leading to an increased usage of technology in the Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 production processes, which is also reflecting positively on the growth of this market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The research report on the Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 is an analytical study which comprehensively analyzes the competitive framework of this market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Using a number of effective assessment tools, such as porter's five forces and value chain analysis, it performs in-depth analyses of the production and supply as well as the demand and sales of Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 and provides deep insights into the future prospects of this market. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The study begins with a detailed overview of the market for Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017, including the definition, classification, and industry chain structure of Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017, and move forward to cover every aspect of this market, counting several criteria based on which the market is classified. (qyresearchreports.com)
- With chemical industry undergoing a phase of technological disruption, innovations in products are likely to shape the future of the Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Further, it offers an estimation of the market size in terms of value (US$) and in volume (kilo tons) and talks about the key segments and the geographical subdivisions of the market for Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 in details. (qyresearchreports.com)
- It provides in-depth information on the development trends and the policies and regulations, concerning Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017, implemented in each of the geographical segments. (qyresearchreports.com)
- The predominant applications of the Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 have also been discussed at length in this research study. (qyresearchreports.com)
- With all these analyses and information, this report can act as a valuable guide to readers looking to gain a clear understanding of all the factors that are influencing the market for Asia pacific oral vaccines market report 2017 at present and are projected to remain doing so over the forecast period. (qyresearchreports.com)
- This report splits Inactivated Vaccine market By End User, By Disease Indication, which shares the history data information from 2012 to 2016 and forecast from 2017 to 2022. (researchmoz.us)
- Our analysis estimates the global Infectious Disease Vaccines market to reach nearly US$ 25.6 Billion by 2021, growing at 3.5% CAGR over 2017-2021 forecast period. (ageofautism.com)
- 100 166 Influenza can exacerbate underlying medical conditions or lead to pneumonia in certain individuals. (drugs.com)
- If we travel backwards about hundred years, to the years directly preceding the First World War, human mortality was caused, in the main, by influenza, pneumonia, diarrhoea, and enteritis: totalling about 30 % of fatalities. (springer.com)
- Vaccines need to be administered at particular designated time in life to prevent the infection. (news-medical.net)
- Vaccine schedule: Recommended immunisations for rotavirus infection. (eurosurveillance.org)
- A Georgia State University research team says that activation of the innate immune system with the bacterial protein flagellin could prevent and cure rotavirus infection, which is among the most common causes of severe diarrhea. (medindia.net)
- M.R. Levine and M. Sztein , Human Mucosal Vaccines for Salmonella typhi Infection. (indigo.ca)
- 2001) Efficacy of inactivated and cold-adapted vaccines against influenza A infection, 1985 to 1990: the pediatric experience. (science.org.au)
- Vaccines benefit both the people who receive them and the vulnerable, unvaccinated people around them because the infection can no longer spread through the community if most people are immunized. (forthealthcare.com)
- That's really the theme in all vaccine development: what part of the immune system protects, and then how do you mimic the way an infection induces that? (vanderbilt.edu)
- Crowe is well along in developing a new vaccine for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), an endemic early childhood infection that figures as the leading single cause of pediatric hospitalization, sending 2 percent to 3 percent of children to the hospital at least once with bronchiolitis. (vanderbilt.edu)
Hepatitis B vacci1
- Physicians should inform parents that the risk of intussusception with the rotavirus vaccine is minimal compared with the decrease in morbidity and mortality associated with rotavirus diarrheal disease. (aafp.org)
- This study provides a first estimate of intussusception incidence in young children in the Netherlands from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2012, which could be used for future rotavirus safety monitoring. (eurosurveillance.org)
- Intussusception after rotavirus vaccines reported to US VAERS, 2006-2012. (eurosurveillance.org)
- Rates of intussusception associated with rotavirus vaccines may be significantly underestimated. (greenmedinfo.com)
- The rabies vaccine was the first human vaccine where the virus was attenuated in a laboratory. (carrington.edu)
- Their first approaches involved exposure to oxygen or heat, both of which played a role in the development of the rabies vaccine and in the famous anthrax challenge experiment at Pouilly-le-Fort ( 10 ). (pnas.org)
- Notably, Hilary Koprowski and coworkers developed rabies and oral polio vaccines by passage in chicken embryo or mice ( 14 , 15 ). (pnas.org)
Kaiser Permanente Vaccine Study Center1
- The vaccine is designed to provoke an immune response against PCSK9. (nursingtimes.net)
- Available evidence suggests that rotavirus vaccine does not interfere with the immune response to these vaccines. (cdc.gov)
- The infant's immune response to influenza vaccine administered at the same time as rotavirus vaccine has not been studied. (cdc.gov)
- Administration of vaccines aids to enhance the immune response against a specific pathogen. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
- Flagellin stopped rotavirus by rapidly inducing an immune response that would normally be activated by select bacteria rather than a virus. (medindia.net)
- Flagellin triggered the innate immune system, which provides an immediate response to pathogens, to produce two proteins: Interleukin-22, which prevented the virus from entering cells, and Interleukin-18, which removed existing rotavirus from infected cells. (medindia.net)
- When the vaccine is given, the body's immune system reacts towards it and produces antibodies against it. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Some people worry that a child's immune system can be 'overloaded' with the number of vaccines they are given. (netdoctor.co.uk)
- Mucosal Vaccines is organized in a unique format in which basic, clinical, and practical aspects of the mucosal immune system for vaccine development are described and discussed. (indigo.ca)
- University of Alabama, Birmingham, U.S.A. and Osaka University, JapanSince the 1970s, Professor Kiyono has been investigating and characterizing unique features of the mucosal immune system to establish mucosal immunology as an area of the immunology field as well as to develop effective and safe mucosal vaccines against infectious dis. (indigo.ca)
- Before the introduction of vaccines, people could only become immune to an infectious disease by contracting the disease and surviving it. (wikipedia.org)
- This guide explains how different vaccines interact with immune-suppressing treatment. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Immune-suppressing treatment can make inactivated vaccines work less well and can make live vaccines cause disease. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Your child should be up-to-date on all inactivated vaccines at least two weeks before starting immune-suppressing treatment. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- The main concern with these vaccines is that a suppressed immune system may not respond to them, so they may not work as well. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Therefore, the goal with inactivated vaccines is to make sure that your child has had all of the necessary vaccines at least two weeks before starting immune-suppressing treatment. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- If your child is already taking immune suppression treatment and there are no plans to stop the treatment, your doctor can give inactivated vaccines according to the regular schedule. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Patients whose immune system is suppressed should not take live vaccines. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Your child should have any necessary live vaccines four to six weeks before starting immune-suppressing treatment. (aboutkidshealth.ca)
- Vaccines deliver medical intelligence into the body, instructing the immune system about how to recognize and prepare defenses against attempted colonization by enemy invaders, usually a virus or bacterium. (vanderbilt.edu)
- Because Orencia weakens a person's immune defenses, there is a chance that a live vaccine can cause the very disease it aims to prevent. (verywellhealth.com)
- As of June, 2013, 30,352 adverse reactions to HPV vaccines Gardasil and Cervarix have been reported to VAERS, the U.S. vaccine adverse events reporting system. (sott.net)
- Each 0.5 ml. vial of Gardasil vaccine contains 50 micrograms(mcg) of polysorbate 80, 225 mcg of aluminum hydrosyphosphate sulphate, 35 mcg of sodium borate and 0.78 mg of L-histidine along with 4 types of human papilloma virus-like particles as disclosed in page 21 of the vaccine product monograph. (sott.net)
- The study, funded by Merck & Co., manufacturer of the HPV4 vaccine GARDASIL , was a post-licensure commitment to the FDA and the European Medicines Agency. (webwire.com)
- Either vaccine is appropriate in older children and in adults up to 49 years of age. (aafp.org)
- The schedules also recommend vaccines and boosters for older children, adolescents, adults, pregnant women, travellers and the elderly. (news-medical.net)
- These include the routine vaccines for children and adults (figures above). (news-medical.net)
- This list gives an indication of the ingredients in common vaccines designed for children and young adults. (westonaprice.org)
- Another form of pneumococcal vaccine, PPSV (pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine) is used in special conditions and in adults. (forthealthcare.com)
- In the 1950's and early 1960's, polio vaccines given to millions of children and adults used monkey kidney tissue cells contaminated with simian virus 40. (nvic.org)
- The study, published in the Journal of Translational Science by epidemiologists from the School of Public Health at the Jackson State University, reported no reductions in the incidence of measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, or rotavirus among vaccinated children. (fourwinds10.com)
- A new rigorous peer-reviewed study found no reductions in the incidence of measles, mumps, rubella, influenza, or rotavirus among vaccinated children. (liquid-nutrition-vitamins.com)
- 2 Since then, the association of live attenuated measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine and ITP has been well established. (aappublications.org)
- Further more, this report provides a deep and thorough evaluation of the top 10 pediatric Vaccines by disease indication. (medgadget.com)
- The global market for human vaccines is experiencing strong growth, fuelled by favorable demographics (population growth, rising life expectancy), continued new product introductions, indication expansions for some products and rising usage, particularly in India and China. (kaloramainformation.com)
- To stand up for your right to know and freedom to choose which vaccines that you consider necessary, join the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) , the largest, oldest and most experienced vaccine safety watchdog in America. (schmidtandclark.com)
- Barbara Loe Fisher of the National Vaccine Information Center (NVIC) tells me that she has given more than 100 interviews in the last two weeks on the subject of the measles outbreak, but that the media simply will NOT report on the existence of this federal program and the implications for the subject of vaccine safety. (noisyroom.net)
- But the rate of vaccines refusal rose from 2.5 percent in 2010 to more than 4 percent in 2016, the insurance group found. (nbcnews.com)
- According to the market research study that has been recently published by Transparency Market Research, in 2016, the global vaccines market was worth US$ 28.0 Bn and is projected to reach a value of US$ 48.0 Bn by the end of 2025. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
- In this report, the Asia-Pacific Oral Vaccines market is valued at USD XX million in 2016 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2022, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2016 and 2022. (qyresearchreports.com)
- Transparency Market Research states that the global human vaccines market will exhibit a promising 11.2% CAGR from 2016 through 2024, rising from a valuation of US$28.3 bn in 2015 to US$72.5 bn by 2024. (transparencymarketresearch.com)
- Acknowledging the exponential growth, the market witnesses today, Market Research Future (MRFR) in its recently published study report asserts that the Middle East and Africa Human vaccines market will reach USD 5.46 BN by 2022 with a CAGR of approximately 11.8 % during the forecast period (2016-2022). (medgadget.com)
- A safe and effective yellow fever vaccine made from weakened virus has been available for more than 80 years. (carrington.edu)
- The yellow fever vaccine is only recommended for people living in or traveling to places where yellow fever is a risk - or for people who work in labs studying the virus. (carrington.edu)
- The nation is currently under a Yellow fever vaccine (YFVAX) shortage that is expected to last until mid-2018. (garfield-county.com)
- Please keep in mind that international travelers need to obtain the Yellow Fever vaccine at least 10 days prior to traveling. (garfield-county.com)
- At this time, patients will need to travel to the Denver area to obtain a Yellow fever vaccine. (garfield-county.com)
- In Denver, they will be offered Stamaril Yellow fever vaccine. (garfield-county.com)
- Get a yellow fever vaccine if traveling to affected countries. (stlukes-stl.com)
- 100 166 In the US, annual epidemics of seasonal influenza occur, usually during the fall or winter. (drugs.com)
- Several different types of influenza vaccines may be available in the US for prevention of seasonal influenza: influenza vaccine inactivated (IIV), influenza vaccine recombinant (RIV), and influenza vaccine live intranasal (LAIV). (drugs.com)
- Seasonal influenza. (forthealthcare.com)
- Virus such as influenza via specific characteristics of viral ribonucleic acid can be detected by our immunosensory system. (medindia.net)
- Lemon, S.M., and Thomas D.L. (1997) Vaccines to prevent viral hepatitis. (science.org.au)
- Viral nucleic acids in live-attenuated vaccines: detection of minority variants and an adventitious virus. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Flu Vaccine Efficacy. (ebscohost.com)
- The article discusses the efficacy of flu vaccine, which the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention promotes each year as effective. (ebscohost.com)
- All vaccines can have side effects, and manufacturers have to balance safety and efficacy carefully," Dr. Richard Watkins, an infectious disease physician in Akron, Ohio, and a professor of internal medicine at Northeast Ohio Medical University, tells Yahoo Life. (yahoo.com)
- This research is critical to understanding pneumococcal vaccine needs and potential efficacy in different regions. (wikipedia.org)
- This virtual debate presents two opposing views of the safety and efficacy of vaccines. (ageofautism.com)
Development of new vaccines1
- The first of the new studies focuses on rotavirus, which causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. (usatoday.com)
- Plus, many vaccines still contain trace amounts (that often aren't even listed on the vaccine insert) from peanut oil , dairy derivatives, foreign proteins, yeast, and eggs - hence all those severe childhood allergies that the doctors just can't seem to figure out. (naturalnews.com)
- however, this population is known to be at highest risk of severe complications from developing vaccine-preventable illnesses. (aappublications.org)
- Porcine (pig) gelatin - protects vaccines from freeze drying or heat, and can cause severe allergic reactions. (google.com)
- These unusual but perceptive observations by Dr. Bhan led to our collaboration to characterize these neonatal rotavirus strains and determine whether newborns asymptomatically infected with these strains were protected against subsequent severe disease with rotavirus. (nih.gov)
- Pediatric Vaccines Market: United States Industry Analysis, Trends, Opportunity, Market Size and Segment Forecasts, 2018 - 2025"provides a unique tool for evaluating the market, highlighting opportunities, supporting strategic and tactical decision-making. (medgadget.com)
- It provides information on trends and developments and focuses on United States pediatric vaccines market. (medgadget.com)
- The report also provides clear insight into current and future developments of the United States pediatric vaccines market. (medgadget.com)
- The report also explores detailed description of growth drivers and inhibitors of the United States pediatric vaccines market. (medgadget.com)
- The report concludes with the profiles of major players in the United States pediatric vaccines market. (medgadget.com)
- The key market players are evaluated on various parameters such as company overview, pediatric vaccines portfolios and latest development & trends of the pediatric vaccines market. (medgadget.com)
- What is the size of the United States pediatric vaccines market during 2010 -2025? (medgadget.com)
- How will each segment of the United States pediatric vaccines market grow during the forecast period and what will be the revenue generated by each of the segments by the end of 2025? (medgadget.com)
- Which major pediatric vaccines provides highest market share? (medgadget.com)
- What are the major market drivers and inhibitors in the United States pediatric vaccines market? (medgadget.com)
- Who are the key players in the United States pediatric vaccines market and what are their contributions? (medgadget.com)
- Based on end use, it is divided into pediatric vaccines, adult vaccines, and traveler vaccines. (alliedmarketresearch.com)
- United States pediatric vaccines Market from Qurate s Repository provides detailed information, in depth analysis and forecast which is developed by team of experts and professionals. (emailwire.com)