Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
MADS Domain Proteins
A superfamily of proteins that share a highly conserved MADS domain sequence motif. The term MADS refers to the first four members which were MCM1 PROTEIN; AGAMOUS 1 PROTEIN; DEFICIENS PROTEIN; and SERUM RESPONSE FACTOR. Many MADS domain proteins have been found in species from all eukaryotic kingdoms. They play an important role in development, especially in plants where they have an important role in flower development.
A large plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. They have a milky sap and a female flower consisting of a single pistil, surrounded by numerous male flowers of one stamen each. Euphorbia hirta is rarely called milkweed but that name is normally used for ASCLEPIAS.
A large plant family of the order Asterales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The family is also known as Compositae. Flower petals are joined near the base and stamens alternate with the corolla lobes. The common name of "daisy" refers to several genera of this family including Aster; CHRYSANTHEMUM; RUDBECKIA; TANACETUM.
Plants, Genetically Modified
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Plant Vascular Bundle
The saxifrage plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and sometimes deeply lobed or form rosettes. The flowers have both male and female parts and 4 or 5 sepals and petals; they are usually in branched clusters. The fruit is a capsule with many seeds.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The directional growth of organisms in response to gravity. In plants, the main root is positively gravitropic (growing downwards) and a main stem is negatively gravitropic (growing upwards), irrespective of the positions in which they are placed. Plant gravitropism is thought to be controlled by auxin (AUXINS), a plant growth substance. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The region of the stem beneath the stalks of the seed leaves (cotyledons) and directly above the young root of the embryo plant. It grows rapidly in seedlings showing epigeal germination and lifts the cotyledons above the soil surface. In this region (the transition zone) the arrangement of vascular bundles in the root changes to that of the stem. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
AGAMOUS Protein, Arabidopsis
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
Plant tissue that carries nutrients, especially sucrose, by turgor pressure. Movement is bidirectional, in contrast to XYLEM where it is only upward. Phloem originates and grows outwards from meristematic cells (MERISTEM) in the vascular cambium. P-proteins, a type of LECTINS, are characteristically found in phloem.
Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
Amino Acid Sequence
Plant Physiological Phenomena
MicroRNA, sex determination and floral meristem determinacy in maize. (1/114)(+info)
Phenology, growth and physiological adjustments of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) to sink limitation induced by fruit pruning. (2/114)(+info)
Defining the limits of flowers: the challenge of distinguishing between the evolutionary products of simple versus compound strobili. (3/114)(+info)
The maize SBP-box transcription factor encoded by tasselsheath4 regulates bract development and the establishment of meristem boundaries. (4/114)(+info)
Inflorescence development in petunia: through the maze of botanical terminology. (5/114)(+info)
Phosphorylation of conserved PIN motifs directs Arabidopsis PIN1 polarity and auxin transport. (6/114)(+info)
The mechanism of boron mobility in wheat and canola phloem. (7/114)(+info)
The effect of flower position on variation and covariation in floral traits in a wild hermaphrodite plant. (8/114)(+info)
AGO1 controls arabidopsis inflorescence architecture possibly by regulating TFL1 expression : Annals of Botany - oi
Background and Aims. The TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) gene is pivotal in the control of inflorescence architecture in arabidopsis. Thus, tfl1 mutants flower early and have a very short inflorescence phase, while TFL1-overexpressing plants have extended vegetative and inflorescence phases, producing many coflorescences. TFL1 is expressed in the shoot meristems, never in the flowers. In the inflorescence apex, TFL1 keeps the floral genes LEAFY (LFY) and APETALA1 (AP1) restricted to the flower, while LFY and AP1 restrict TFL1 to the inflorescence meristem. In spite of the central role of TFL1 in inflorescence architecture, regulation of its expression is poorly understood. This study aims to expand the understanding of inflorescence development by identifying and studying novel TFL1 regulators.. Methods. Mutagenesis of an Arabidopsis thaliana line carrying a TFL1::GUS (β-glucuronidase) reporter construct was used to isolate a mutant with altered TFL1 expression. The mutated gene was identified by ...
CRM1/BIG-Mediated Auxin Action Regulates Arabidopsis Inflorescence Development : Plant and Cell Physiology - oi
The shape of the inflorescence in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia is a raceme with individual flowers developing acropetally. The ecotype Landsberg harboring the erecta (er) mutation shows a corymb-like inflorescence, namely a compact inflorescence with a flattened arrangement of flower buds at the tip. To gain insight into inflorescence development, we previously isolated corymb-like inflorescence mutants, named corymbosa1 (crm1), and found that the corymb-like inflorescence in crm1-1 was due to reduced cell elongation of pedicels and stem internodes. Double mutants of crm1 with er and crm2, and crm1-1 crm2-1 er-105 triple mutants show an additive phenotype. crm1-1 is caused by a mutation in BIG, which is required for polar auxin transport. CRM1/BIG is expressed in inflorescence meristems, floral meristems and vascular tissues. We analyzed a collection of 12 reduced lateral root formation (rlr) mutants, which are allelic to crm1-1, and categorized the mutants into three classes, depending ...
De novo transcriptome assembly and comparative analysis between male and benzyladenine-induced female inflorescence buds of...
Plukenetia volubilis is a promising oilseed crop due to its seeds being rich in unsaturated fatty acids, especially alpha-linolenic acid. P. volubilis is monoecious, with separate male and female flowers on the same inflorescence. We previously reported that male flowers were converted to female flowers by exogenous cytokinin (6-benzyladenine, 6-BA) treatment in P. volubilis. To identify candidate genes associated with floral sex differentiation of P. volubilis, we performed de novo transcriptome assembly and comparative analysis on control male inflorescence buds (MIB) and female inflorescence buds (FIB) induced by 6-BA using Illumina sequencing technology. A total of 57,664 unigenes with an average length of 979 bp were assembled from 104.1 million clean reads, and 45,235 (78.45%) unigenes were successfully annotated in the public databases. Notably, Gene Ontology analyses revealed that 4193 and 3880 unigenes were enriched in the categories of reproduction and reproductive processes, ...
Inflorescence - Wikipedia
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Morphologically, it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. The modifications can involve the length and the nature of the internodes and the phyllotaxis, as well as variations in the proportions, compressions, swellings, adnations, connations and reduction of main and secondary axes. Inflorescence can also be defined as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern. The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle and the major axis (incorrectly referred to as the main stem) holding the flowers or more branches within the inflorescence is called the rachis. The stalk of each single flower is called a pedicel. A flower that is not part of an inflorescence is called a solitary flower and its stalk is also referred to as a peduncle. Any flower in an inflorescence ...
A Generalized Approach to Indeterminacy in Linear Rational Expectations Models
We propose a novel approach to deal with the problem of indeterminacy in Linear Rational Expectations models. The method consists of augmenting the original model with a set of auxiliary exogenous equations that are used to provide the adequate number of explosive roots in presence of indeterminacy. The solution in this expanded state space, if it exists, is always determinate, and is identical to the indeterminate solution of the original model. The proposed approach accommodates determinacy and any degree of indeterminacy, and it can be implemented even when the boundaries of the determinacy region are unknown. As a result, the researcher can estimate the model by using standard packages without restricting the estimates to a certain area of the parameter space. We apply our method to simulated and actual data from a prototypical New-Keynesian model for both regions of the parameter space. We show that our method successfully recovers the true parameter values independent of the initial ...
Within most interpretations of quantum mechanics, it is fundamentally unavoidable. The existence of quantum indeterminacy was deeply troubling to Albert Einstein who proposed hidden variable theory to address what he considered to be a defect. These theories have since proven problematic.. Some physicists and philosophers have suggested that the human experience of free will may involve quantum indeterminacy. In his book Elemental Mind, Nick Herbert explores the idea that our minds exercise free will by modulating which quantum mechanical possibilities actually occur. Herbert traces the development of this idea through the work of John von Neumann, Eugene Wigner, Henry Stapp, Roger Penrose, and John Eccles. Other philosophers such as Daniel Dennett have argued against this view, suggesting that quantum indeterminacy cannot constructively contribute to the sense of ones control of human behavior, an aspect that seems fundamental to our experience of free will. Dennetts position was given in his ...
Zea in Flora of China @ efloras.org
226. Zea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 971. 1753. 玉蜀黍属 yu shu shu shu Authors: Shou-liang Chen & Sylvia M. Phillips Annual. Culms robust, often tall with stilt roots, solid. Leaf blades large, broadly linear; ligule membranous. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, spikelets unisexual, separated into male and female inflorescences, not disarticulating at maturity, spikelets of a pair alike. Female inflorescence axillary, enclosed in enveloping foliaceous sheaths; spikelets all sessile in many longitudinal rows, partially sunk in the thickened, almost woody axis, glumes and lemmas chaffy, awnless, lower floret sterile; styles single, very long, silky, pendulous from inflorescence apex. Male inflorescence terminal, of many digitate or paniculate racemes; one spikelet of a pair subsessile, the other on a slender pedicel, papery, awnless, both florets staminate. Mature caryopses plump, much larger than spikelet scales, very variable in shape and color. x = 5.. Five species: four wild species in ...
Inflorescence - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An inflorescence is a flowering stem. The term is most used for a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem. An inflorescence is the reproductive portion of a plant; each plant bears its flowers in a specific pattern. Sometimes it is just a close bunch of flowers (e.g. Antirrhinum) on a spike. Sometimes the inflorescence is so tight it looks like one single flower. What you see as a single daisy is actually made of several hundred tiny flowers packed together. This kind of inflorescence is called a pseudanthium (false flower). ...
Classification | Dioscoreaceae
Climber to 4 m. Tubers often 2-3(-5), to at least 50 cm long and 3-7 mm in diam., spreading, cylindric with thickened 1.8-3.2 by 1.8-3 cm globose to capitate apices and short side branches, annually replaced, subtended by a woody crown. Indumentum absent, white waxy coating absent. Stems 1.5-2.5 mm in diam., twining to the right, annual, unarmed, with fine longitudinal ridges and furrows most easily seen near the nodes in herbarium specimens. Leaves simple, opposite, blades narrowly lanceolate to elliptic-oblong, 3-veined, chartaceous, margins entire, base obtuse to rounded, apex acute to acuminate; petioles 0.7-2.7 cm long; cataphylls, bulbils and lateral nodal organs absent. Inflorescences spicate, pendent, tepals inserted on discoid torus, free, erect, fleshy in texture with inner whorl tepal often thicker than outer; male inflorescences simple or compound, compound inflorescences 1(-2) per axil, simple/partial inflorescences 1-5 per axil, peduncles 1.5-5 mm long, axes 1.1-4.4 cm long; female ...
deciduous, trees or shrubs that are green in summer, bark often striking white and black, simple leaves usually alternate, leaves delta-shaped to oval or elliptical to almost circular with pinnate venation Fiedernervatur, leaf edges are sorted by type and are usually doubly serrate (less often waved to roundish lobed), the female inflorescences are usually solitary upright (ovoid to cylindrical), the male inflorescences = catkins hanging individually and in small groups, usually at the ends of the branches ...
deciduous, trees or shrubs that are green in summer, bark often striking white and black, simple leaves usually alternate, leaves delta-shaped to oval or elliptical to almost circular with pinnate venation Fiedernervatur, leaf edges are sorted by type and are usually doubly serrate (less often waved to roundish lobed), the female inflorescences are usually solitary upright (ovoid to cylindrical), the male inflorescences = catkins hanging individually and in small groups, usually at the ends of the branches ...
Classification | Dioscoreaceae
Climber to 5 m. Tubers up to about six per plant at any one time, to 40 cm long, c. 0.5 cm in diam. at the apex and to c. 12 cm at the widest point, clavate to pyriform, each one annually replaced, subtended by a vertically oriented, ovoid woody crown. Indumentum absent. Stems1.5- 4 mm in diam., twining to the left, annual, unarmed, terete. Leaves simple, alternate, blades broadly to very broadly ovate, 5-7-veined, chartaceous, margins entire, base cordate, apex acute to acuminate; petioles 3.5-6.7 cm long; cataphylls, bulbils and lateral nodal organs absent. Inflorescences pendent, tepals inserted on a cup-shaped torus, fused at base; male inflorescences racemose, simple, 1 per axil, peduncles 10-18 mm long, axes 4.6-15.7 cm long; female inflorescences and female flowers not seen. Male flowers 2.7-3.3 mm in diam. at anthesis, pedicels 0.5-0.8 mm long, tepals free, inserted on the rim of a goblet-shaped torus c. 1/2 to 2/3rds of their length deep, outer tepals 2.6-2.8 by 1.0-1.1 mm, ovate to ...
KNAT1 and ERECTA Regulate Inflorescence Architecture in Arabidopsis | Plant Cell
The generation of asymmetries is an underlying theme in the development of higher eukaryotes. Organismal complexity arises progressively through the deposition and interpretation of positional information that refines and elaborates previously established spatial and temporal patterns. In plants, shoot and inflorescence development can be visualized as a reiterative process generating successively greater numbers of leaves, axillary meristems, and stems. The establishment and maintenance of this pattern requires the action of molecular switches that respond to positional information and mediate sharp transitions between different types of tissue and cellular identities. Loss of patterning factors in mutants can result in the transformation of cellular and tissue identities of one region to those characteristic of other locations, thus producing morphological novelties (Bowman, 2000; Ng and Yanofsky, 2001).. In higher plants, the formation of aerial organs is dependent on the activity of the ...
Cannabis in Flora of China @ efloras.org
2. Cannabis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1027. 1753. 大麻属 da ma shu Herbs, annual, erect, dioecious or sometimes monoecious. Stems furrowed. Leaves alternate or opposite basally on stem, palmately compound, basally with 5-11 leaflets, apically with 1-3 leaflets; leaflet margin serrate. Male inflorescences axillary or terminal, a lax panicle. Male flowers: sepals imbricate; filaments straight in bud; rudimentary pistil small. Female inflorescences axillary, in a rosette. Female flowers: bracteoles leaflike; calyx rudimentary, membranous, appressed to ovary; styles 2, linear, caducous. Achene solitary, surrounded by persistent calyx, enclosed by bracts; endosperm fleshy; embryo curved; cotyledon fleshy.. One or two species: originally from Asia, but now widely cultivated elsewhere; one species in China.. ...
In the Company of Strangers - Negotiating the parameters of Indeterminacy; a study of the Roaming:...
In this Urban Myth the interconnections which exist between indeterminacy manifesting through lived departures, ensures that there is no surcease for the body, roaming in this blended continuity of the world surface we call the Real. No secure position to be attained and held indefinitely. In this context we may find that we are interconnected through our mutual estrangement and that our engagements, conversations and connections will always be at hazard. I suspect from my observations that ultimately as indeterminants, we are always Leaving and that this is a true descriptor of our condition in that business of being human. There is real pathos to be found in a lifetime of leaving engagements in the Real, whether these lie across interface moments from person to person in Wellington City centre or avatar to avatar, prosthetic constructs in metaverse environments and this state will keep us forever defined by some, if not ourselves, as strangers. In my videoed dance work, I have been concerned ...
Inbreeding and Crossbreeding - interactive simulations - eduMedia
Corn (Zea mays) is an annual grass originating in Central America. It is monoecious, meaning it carries two types of unisexual inflorescence (flowers). Male inflorescence, at the top of the plant is called the panicule. These flowers produce pollen. The female flowers that give the corn cob is found in the pit of the leaves at the medial part of the plant. Their silk (flower styles) receive the pollen during pollination. This animation represents two controlled pollination techniques in corn. Self-pollination consisting of forcing the pollination of the female flowers by the pollen of the male flowers on the same plant. This technique is used in order to obtain a pure lineage of corn (homozygous for the agriculturally interesting characteristics). Cross-pollination consists of the pollination of female flowers of one corn plant by the male flowers of another plant of a different variety. This technique is used in order to obtain hybrid plants (heterozygous).
Plant Trait Ontology - inflorescence bract length - Classes | LIRMM AgroPortal
An inflorescence bract morphology trait (TO:0000816) which is the length of an inflorescence bract (PO:0009054). Refer to length PATO:0000122: A 1-D extent quality which is equal to the distance between two points.. ...
Removal of the developing inflorescence of barley and oat reduced the IAA content of the stem. This appears to be the first direct evidence, to our knowledge, that the inflorescence acts as a source of IAA for the stems of these agronomically important species. The high level of IAA in the inflorescence is consistent with that evidence.. In barley and oat, the levels of the bioactive GAs, GA1 and GA3, in stems were also reduced by inflorescence excision. However, exogenous IAA was able to restore the content of these GAs to at least the levels found in intact plants. Obtaining this result in oats allows a direct comparison with the findings of Koning et al. (1977) and Kaufman et al. (1976). Koning et al. (1977) suggested that GA3 is produced in the inflorescence and transported into the stem, and Kaufman et al. (1976) suggested that GA3 is the predominant GA in the inflorescence, nodes, and p-1 internode. Our results indicate that the transported hormone is not a GA but rather the auxin IAA. The ...
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vPlants - Achnatherum lemmonii
Perennials, Terrestrial, not aquatic, Stems nodes swollen or brittle, Stems erect or ascending, Stems caespitose, tufted, or clustered, Stems terete, round in cross section, or polygonal, Stem internodes hollow, Stems with inflorescence less than 1 m tall, Stems, culms, or scapes exceeding basal leaves, Leaves mostly basal, below middle of stem, Leaves mostly cauline, Leaves conspicuously 2-ranked, distichous, Leaves sheathing at base, Leaf sheath mostly open, or loose, Leaf sheath smooth, glabrous, Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, Leaf blades linear, Leaf blades very narrow or filiform, less than 2 mm wide, Leaf blades 2-10 mm wide, Leaf blade margins folded, involute, or conduplicate, Leaf blades mostly glabrous, Ligule present, Ligule an unfringed eciliate membrane, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence a contracted panicle, narrowly paniculate, branches appressed or ascending, Inflorescence a dense slender spike-like panicle or raceme, branches contracted, Inflorescence solitary, with 1 ...
vPlants - Vulpia myuros
Annuals, Terrestrial, not aquatic, Stems nodes swollen or brittle, Stems erect or ascending, Stems caespitose, tufted, or clustered, Stems terete, round in cross section, or polygonal, Stem internodes hollow, Stems with inflorescence less than 1 m tall, Stems, culms, or scapes exceeding basal leaves, Leaves mostly cauline, Leaves conspicuously 2-ranked, distichous, Leaves sheathing at base, Leaf sheath mostly open, or loose, Leaf sheath smooth, glabrous, Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, Leaf blades linear, Leaf blades 2-10 mm wide, Leaf blades mostly flat, Leaf blade margins folded, involute, or conduplicate, Leaf blades more or less hairy, Ligule present, Ligule an unfringed eciliate membrane, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence a contracted panicle, narrowly paniculate, branches appressed or ascending, Inflorescence a dense slender spike-like panicle or raceme, branches contracted, Inflorescence solitary, with 1 spike, fascicle, glomerule, head, or cluster per stem or culm, ...
SEINet - Arizona Chapter - Achnatherum eminens
Perennials, Terrestrial, not aquatic, Stems nodes swollen or brittle, Stems erect or ascending, Stems caespitose, tufted, or clustered, Stems terete, round in cross section, or polygonal, Stem internodes hollow, Stems with inflorescence less than 1 m tall, Stems with inflorescence 1-2 m tall, Stems, culms, or scapes exceeding basal leaves, Leaves mostly basal, below middle of stem, Leaves mostly cauline, Leaves conspicuously 2-ranked, distichous, Leaves sheathing at base, Leaf sheath mostly open, or loose, Leaf sheath smooth, glabrous, Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, Leaf blades linear, Leaf blades very narrow or filiform, less than 2 mm wide, Leaf blades mostly flat, Leaf blade margins folded, involute, or conduplicate, Leaf blades mostly glabrous, Ligule present, Ligule an unfringed eciliate membrane, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence an open panicle, openly paniculate, branches spreading, Inflorescence solitary, with 1 spike, fascicle, glomerule, head, or cluster per stem or culm, ...
Leptochloa panicea page
Flowering - July - October. Habitat - Riverbanks, lake margins, sloughs, bottomland forest openings, crop fields, ditches, roadsides, railroads. Origin - Native to Old World and New World. Other info. - This species is common in the southern half of Missouri. The plant can be identified by its scabrous leaf sheaths (due to the pustulate-based hairs), big inflorescences, and tiny spikelets. The inflorescences are mostly purple in strong sun and fade to a tan color as they mature. This often gives the inflorescences a distinctive bi-color look ...
The Inflorescences of Maize | Science
1) The development of the maize plant, from germination to the maturation of the seed, is divided intothe vegetative, transitional, reproductive, and seedstages. The ear and tassel differentiate and developin the reproductive stage.. 2) The mature tassel is a terminal, staminate inflorescence consisting of a symmetrical, many-rowedcentral axis and asymmetrical, two-ranked lateralbranches. Paired spikelets, one terminal (pedicellate)and the other lateral (sessile), each containing twofunctional staminate flowers, are borne on the centralaxis and the lateral branches.. 3) In contrast with the tassel, the ear is a pistillateinflorescence produced on a lateral branch. The earconsists of a symmetrical, many-rowed axis on whichare paired spikelets, each containing two flowers. Inthe mature ear, it is difficult to distinguish the pedicellate from the sessile spikelet. There are two pistillate flowers in each spikelet of the ear, but only theterminal flower is functional, while the lateral ...
Acanthoscyphus parishii var. abramsii
For vascular plants occurring in wildlands or otherwise outside of cultivation in California, the Jepson eFlora contains taxonomic treatments, distribution maps, illustrations, photographs, and identification keys.
Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Acanthoscyphus parishii var. goodmaniana
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree]. Stem: nodes swollen or not. Leaf: simple, basal or cauline, generally alternate; ocreae present or 0, generally scarious, persistent or not. Inflorescence: flower clusters in axillary to terminal cyme-, panicle-, raceme-, spike-, umbel- or head-like arrangements, entire inflorescence or main inflorescence branches generally subtended by bracts (inflorescence bracts); peduncles present or 0; flower clusters in Eriogoneae-Eriogonoideae subtended by involucre of >= 1 free or +- fused, sometimes awn-tipped bracts (involucre bracts) or, in Polygonoideae and rarely in Eriogonoideae, not (if bracts completely fused, involucre tubular); pedicels in Eriogoneae each often subtended by 2 free, transparent, linear bractlets or in Polygonoideae all subtended by 2+ fused, membranous, wide bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, small, 1--200 per node; perianth parts 2--6, generally in 2 whorls, free or basally fused, generally petal-like, often +- concave adaxially, often ...
SEINet Portal Network - Aristida purpurea
Perennials, Terrestrial, not aquatic, Stems nodes swollen or brittle, Stems erect or ascending, Stems caespitose, tufted, or clustered, Stems terete, round in cross section, or polygonal, Stems branching above base or distally at nodes, Stem internodes solid or spongy, Stems with inflorescence less than 1 m tall, Stems, culms, or scapes exceeding basal leaves, Leaves mostly basal, b elow middle of stem, Leaves mostly cauline, Leaves conspicuously 2-ranked, distichous, Leaves sheathing at base, Leaf sheath mostly open, or loose, Leaf sheath smooth, glabrous, Leaf sheath hairy, hispid or prickly, Leaf sheath and blade differentiated, Leaf blades linear, Leaf blades very narrow or filiform, less than 2 mm wide, Leaf blade margins folded, involute, or conduplicate, Leaf blades mostly glabrous, Ligule present, Ligule a fringe of hairs, Inflorescence terminal, Inflorescence a contracted panicle, narrowly paniculate, branches appressed or ascending, Inflorescence solitary, with 1 spike, fascicle, ...
Adenia volkensii (PROTA) - PlantUse English
Usually monoecious shrub or herb up to 1.5 m tall, with annual shoots of 20-50 cm long growing from a rootstock or caudiciform, succulent stem up to 100 cm long; tendrils absent. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules 0.5-1.5 mm long, triangular, acute; petiole 1.5-10 cm long; blade entire or more or less deeply 3-7-lobed, orbicular to ovate or rhomboid in outline, 3-16 cm long, base cordate to truncate, apex acute, mucronate, margin toothed or dissected, with 2 glands at base, 2-6 glands on lower leaf surface, and blackish glands on the teeth. Inflorescence an axillary cyme, 1-6-flowered in male, 1-2(-3)-flowered in bisexual and female inflorescences; peduncle up to 0.5 cm long; bracts and bracteoles lanceolate, 2.5-10 mm long, acute, toothed and gland-dotted. Flowers usually unisexual, regular, 5-merous, glabrous, pale greenish or cream; pedicel 5-25 mm long; calyx with long tube and shorter lobes, woolly hairy at margins; petals free, corona consisting of branched hairs 1.5-3 mm long; male ...
Characterization of the Arabidopsis compact inflorescence (cif) mutant and isolation of CIF1 to ACA10, a P-type IIB CAÂ²â�º...
Characterization of the Arabidopsis compact inflorescence (cif) mutant and isolation of CIF1 to ACA10, a P-type IIB CAÂ²â�º-ATPase ...
Bothriochloa laguroides page
Fertile and sterile spikelets. Flowering - July - October. Habitat - Upland prairies, glades, dry bluff ledges, railroads, roadsides. Origin - Native to U.S., Mexico, South America. Other info. - This species can be found in the southern half of Missouri. The plant can be identified by its big ligule, hairy stem nodes, and silvery inflorescences. The hairs of the inflorescence are long and silky ...
Geonoma poeppigiana Mart., Voy. Amér. Mér. 7(3): 35 (1843) | PALMweb
Subspecific variation: - Five traits (stem type, leaf division, adaxial veins, inflorescence branching, locular epidermis sculpting) vary within this species. There is geographic discontinuity and there are several isolated populations. Leaving aside stem type and locular epidermis sculpting, for which there are few data, and also leaf division, there is no correspondence between geography and variation in adaxial veins and inflorescence branching. Specimens non-raised adaxial veins are from scattered localities and seem to be associated with undivided leaves or leaves with fewer pinnae. However, this trait is difficult to score in this species. Specimens with unbranched inflorescences occur in two areas but are intermixed with similar specimens with branched inflorescences. Because of this inconsistency, no subspecies are recognized in this species. However, there is much local variation. Specimens from the Colombian and Brazilian Amazon and from the region around Iquitos in Peru (Maynas ...
LICHI - Online fashion store :: Earrings-ear-stud in the form of the inflorescence with pearls
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Inflorescence Doodle Book - LIMN
Introducing INFLORESCENCE, meaning the process of flowering. Write, Sketch, Paint, theres nothing you cant do in our notebooks. All Limn books come with soft covers and are individually stitched down the spine for an eco-friendly binding solution. 5 x 8 Page count: 80 120gsm blank paper CUSTOMISATION INFORMATION: M
Inflorescence Images, Illustrations & Vectors (Free) - Bigstock
High quality Inflorescence images, illustrations, vectors perfectly priced to fit your projects budget from Bigstock. Browse millions of royalty-free photographs and illustrations from talented photographers and artists around the globe, available for almost any purpose.
Native Americans in the United States | Find Me A Cure
Arisaema triphyllum is a herbaceous perennial plant growing from a corm. Its leaves are trifoliate, with groups of three leaves growing together at the top of one long stem produced from a corm; each leaflet is 8-15 centimetres (3.1-5.9 in) long and 3-7 centimetres (1.2-2.8 in) broad. Plants are sometimes confused with Poison-ivy especially before the flowers appear or non-flowering plants. The inflorescences are shaped irregularly and grow to a length of up to 8 cm long. They are greenish-yellow or sometimes fully green with purple or brownish stripes. The spathe, known in this plant as the pulpit wraps around and covers over and contain a spadix (Jack), covered with tiny flowers of both sexes. The flowers are unisexual, in small plants most if not all the flowers are male, as plants age and grow larger the spadix produces more female flowers. This species flowers from April to June. It is pollinated by flies, which it attracts using heat and smell. The fruit are smooth, shiny green, 1 cm ...
Variety of calla lily plant named Fangio - Sande B.V.
Fangio is a new variety of calla lily plant having inflorescences with a pink-colored spathe and a large throat spot that produces 3-20 inflorescences per tuber. The inflorescence stems are about 35
Variety of calla lily plant named Sunclub - SANDE B.V.
Sunclub is a new variety of calla lily having inflorescences with a yellow-colored spathe that produces 7-20 inflorescences per tuber. The inflorescence stems are about 30 cm in height, and the leav
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Effects of Inflorescence Stem Structure and Cell Wall Components on the Mechanical Strength of...
Herbaceous peony (Paeonia lactiflora Pall.) is a traditional famous flower, but its poor inflorescence stem quality seriously constrains the development of the cut flower. Mechanical strength is an important characteristic of stems, which not only affects plant lodging, but also plays an important role in stem bend or break. In this paper, the mechanical strength, morphological indices and microstructure of P. lactiflora development inflorescence stems were measured and observed. The results showed that the mechanical strength of inflorescence stems gradually increased, and that the diameter of inflorescence stem was a direct indicator in estimating mechanical strength. Simultaneously, with the development of inflorescence stem, the number of vascular bundles increased, the vascular bundle was arranged more densely, the sclerenchyma cell wall thickened, and the proportion of vascular bundle and pith also increased. On this basis, cellulose and lignin contents were determined, PlCesA3, PlCesA6 and
P J o (Betula ermanii)
The gold birch (Betula ermanii) belongs to Betulaceae (the Birch family). It is a tall deciduous tree that is native to northward from Chubu district of Honshu to Hokkaido of Japan, as well as the Korean Peninsula, the Sakhalin and the Kamchatska Peninsula. This tree grows in alpine or boreal slopes and can reach 10-15 m in height. The branches are creeping near the ground at upper timberline or heavy-snow region. This tree resembles to white birch, though it grows at higher places. The barks are reddish-tinged grayish-brown. The flowers come in May and June as soon as foliation. The drooping male inflorescences are borne at the tips of branches, and the upright female inflorescences are borne on the short branchlets. The flowering time depends on melting of snow. ...
Morphological and molecular characterization of three new Fusarium species associated with inflorescence of wild grasses for...
In order to explore biodiversity of Fusarium species associated with the inflorescences of poaceous weeds, heads and inflorescences were collected from wild grasses in Ardabil province (Iran). Fusarium species were isolated using general and selective media. Pure cultures were established using a single spore technique. The isolates were identified based on morphological and molecular data. Sequence data were generated for TEF-1α gene, following PCR amplifciation. The results revealed that several species of Fusarium are present on inflorescences of wild grasses in Ardabil province. Among the identified species, F. brachygibbosum, F. torulosum and F. cf. reticulatum var. negundis represent new records to the mycobiota of Iran. There is no description available for these taxa in Persian literature and references to the original descriptions are not easily accesible. Here we provide detailed descriptions for these taxa and discuss their morphology, phylogeny and ecology. This is the first study on
The Inflorescence: Introduction. - Free Online Library
Free Online Library: The Inflorescence: Introduction. by The Botanical Review; Biological sciences Inflorescences Morphology Inflorescences (Botany) Meristem Research Morphology (Biology)
Hippophae rhamnoides - Wikipedia
Hippophae rhamnoides, also known as common sea buckthorn is a species of flowering plant in the family Elaeagnaceae, native to the cold-temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It is a spiny deciduous shrub. The plant is used in the food and cosmetics industries, in traditional medicine, as animal fodder, and for ecological purposes. H. rhamnoides is a deciduous and hardy shrub that can grow between 2 and 4 m high (between 7 and 13 ft). It has a rough, brown or black bark and a thick, grayish-green crown. The leaves are alternate, narrow and lanceolate, with silvery-green upper faces. It is dioecious, meaning that the male and female flowers grow on different shrubs. The sex of seedlings can only be determined at the first flowering, which mostly occurs after three years. The male inflorescence is built up of four to six apetalous flowers, while the female inflorescence normally consists of only one apetalous flower and contains one ovary and one ovule. Fertilization occurs solely via wind ...
Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Mcsteen, P.C., Hake, S.C. 2001. Barren inflorescence2 regulates axillary meristem development in the maize inflorescence. Development 128:2881-2891. Interpretive Summary: Organogenesis in plants is controlled by meristems. Shoot apical meristems form at the apex of the plant and produce leaf primordia on their flanks. Axillary meristems, which form in the axils of leaf primordia, give rise to branches and flowers and therefore play a critical role in plant architecture and reproduction. To understand how axillary meristems are initiated and maintained, we characterized the barren inflorescence2 mutant, which affects axillary meristems in the maize inflorescence. Technical Abstract: To understand how axillary meristems are initiated and maintained, we characterized the barren inflorescence2 mutant, which affects axillary meristems in the maize inflorescence. Scanning electron microscopy, histology and RNA in situ hybridization using knotted1 as a marker for meristematic tissue show that ...
Inflorescences Of Acacia Senegalia Greggii by ValeriiShramko | VideoHive
Buy Inflorescences Of Acacia Senegalia Greggii by ValeriiShramko on VideoHive. Inflorescences of acacia. Senegalia Greggii. Thorntree, whistling thorn, wattle. Trees, Bushes, Flowers, Green Leaves...
Influence of temperature and carbohydrate availability on the bunch architecture of Vitis vinifera L. sauvignon blanc
The formation of inflorescence primordia (IP) marks an important step in the reproductive cycle of grapevines. The development of an IP to a grape bunch occurs over the course of two growing seasons. During season one, an IP initiates from a group of uncommitted cells, termed an anlage, where initiation is thought to occur around the time of flowering. Further branching and development of IP continues until the onset of winter dormancy. During spring of the following season, branching of IP resumes and each branch terminates in a floral identity, where each floral identity has the potential to form a berry. Inflorescence primordia initiation and development is sensitive to carbohydrate (CHO) availability and temperature. This thesis explores the influence of CHO availability and temperature during IP initiation and their continued development the following season. An inflorescence or bunch has two main components: the inner and outer arm. For the purpose of this thesis, inflorescence or bunch ...
MacOdrum Library - Carletons Institutional Repository: Clade I TGACG-Motif Binding Basic Leucine Zipper Transcription...
Lateral organs formed by the shoot apical meristem (SAM) are separated from surrounding stem cells by regions of low growth called boundaries. Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) BLADE-ON-PETIOLE1 (BOP1) and BOP2 represent a class of genes important for boundary patterning in land plants. Members of this family lack a DNA-binding domain and interact with TGACG-motif binding (TGA) basic Leu zipper (bZIP) transcription factors for recruitment to DNA. Here, we show that clade I bZIP transcription factors TGA1 and TGA4, previously associated with plant defense, are essential cofactors in BOP-dependent regulation of development. TGA1 and TGA4 are expressed at organ boundaries and function in the same genetic pathways as BOP1 and BOP2 required for SAM maintenance, flowering, and inflorescence architecture. Further, we show that clade I TGAs interact constitutively with BOP1 and BOP2, contributing to activation of ARABIDOPSIS THALIANA HOMEOBOX GENE1, which is needed for boundary establishment. These ...
Viola egglestonii, inflorescence - lateral view of flower image
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Viola egglestonii, inflorescence - lateral view of flower image
Block Time vs Q. Indeterminacy | Physics Forums - The Fusion of Science and Community
To me, this does not suggest that my future already exists; all it suggests is that the question I wonder what Commander Jones is doing at Alpha Base now is not well-defined, even though our intuitions suggest that it should be. I can change which event on Commander Jones worldline corresponds to my now by changing my state of motion, but no matter how I change it, I cant bring what Commander Jones is doing now into my *causal* future, which is what would be required to say that my future must already exist. No matter how I change my state of motion, whatever Commander Jones is doing now will be outside my future light cone. So what he is doing now can have no causal effect on what *I* am doing now, and vice versa. So the question what is Commander Jones doing now? is physically meaningless; I can label any event on Jones worldline that is spacelike separated from me as what Jones is doing now and it will make no difference at all to the results of any observation I make or ...
Velloziaceae are xeromorphic and sometimes tree-like monocots (but the trunk is made up largely of adventitious roots) that may be recognised by their usually 3-ranked leaves with persistent bases and spiny margins. The inflorescences are terminal, although often appearing to be axillary, and often have one flower. The flowers are rather large, with violet petal-like tepals and a long style; there may be a corona, and the stamens can be many. Evolution: Divergence & Distribution. Mello-Silva et al. (2011) interpreted the split of Acanthochlamys from the rest of the family and other generic disjunctions in terms of drift-induced vicariant events.. African Velloziaceae are all polyploid, the base number for the family perhaps being x = 6 (de Melo et al. 1997; Costa et al. 2017).. Ecology & Physiology. African Velloziaceae include many dessication-tolerant taxa common on inselbergs and a number of arborescent taxa (Porembski & Barthlott 2000; Farrant 2000: Xerophyta; Naidoo et al. 2009: Xerophyta ...
GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS : Devils walking stick is a spiny, few-branched, flat-topped tree or shrub 25 to 35 feet (7-10 m) tall. It grows from extensive rhizomes [4,24,33,36,37]. The stems tend to remain unbranched until the first terminal inflorescences are produced at an average age of 3.5 years. There are abundant prickles on the stems and leaves of first-year ramets [13,36,37]. RAUNKIAER LIFE FORM : Phanerophyte (mesophanerophyte) REGENERATION PROCESSES : Devils walking stick perennates by rhizomes, producing ramets. Leaves may be killed by frost in winter; severe frost can kill stems back to ground level . Flowers are pollinated by insects, mostly bees. Seeds are dispersed by frugivores, and germination is in the spring following stratification [8,32,33]. Artificial propagation can be achieved through root cuttings . SITE CHARACTERISTICS : Devils walking stick is found in upland and low woods, pocosins, and savannahs . It prefers rich moist soils and is found at ...
Restriction fragment length polymorphism-coupled domain-directed differential display: a highly efficient technique for...
In this paper, a reverse-transcriptase PCR-based protocol suitable for efficient expression analysis of multigene families is presented. The method combines restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technology with a gene family-specific version of mRNA differential display and hence is called RFLP-coupled domain-directed differential display. With this method, expression of all members of a multigene family at many different developmental stages, in diverse tissues and even in different organisms, can be displayed on one gel. Moreover, bands of interest, representing gene family members, are directly accessible to sequence analysis, without the need for subcloning. The method thus enables a detailed, high-resolution expression analysis of known gene family members as well as the identification and characterization of new ones. Here the technique was used to analyze differential expression of MADS-box genes in male and female inflorescences of maize (Zea mays ssp. mays). Six different ...
Characterization of 4 TaGAST genes during spike development and seed germination and their response to exogenous phytohormones...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Characterization of 4 TaGAST genes during spike development and seed germination and their response to exogenous phytohormones in common wheat. AU - Kim, Yun Jeong. AU - Kim, Jae Yoon. AU - Yoon, Jin Seok. AU - Kim, Dae Yeon. AU - Hong, Min Jeong. AU - Seo, Yong Weon. PY - 2016/12/1. Y1 - 2016/12/1. N2 - Gibberellic acid (GA) is involved in the regulation of plant growth and development. We defined GA-stimulated transcript (GAST) gene family and characterized its four members (TaGAST1, 2, 3, and 4) in wheat spikes. Triticum aestivum whole spikes were collected at ten developmental stages and dehulled spikelets were obtained at various days after flowering. Expression of TaGAST1, 2, 3, and 4 was analyzed using RT-PCR at inflorescence development stages, in different tissues, and after phytohormones application. To identify proteins interacting with TaGAST1, yeast two-hybridization was performed and BiFC analysis was used for verification. TaGAST1 was expressed at the inflorescence ...
CiNii 論文 - Variation of spontaneous somatic mutation frequency in the stamen hairs of...
Variation of spontaneous somatic mutation frequency was studied in the stamen hairs of Tradescantia clone BNL 02 heterozygous for flower color (blue/pink; the blue color being dominant), one of the most stable clones in terms of spontaneous mutation frequency. Young inflorescence-bearing potted plants of this clone were grown under several different controlled environmental conditions, and the spontaneous pink mutation frequency in the stamen hairs was scored daily for three (partly two) weeks. The average number of hairs per stamen decreased as inflorescences became older, especially during the first one week or so after the inflorescences initiated flowering. The average number of cells per hair also decreased with the age of inflorescences, but the decreases were much smaller than those in the number of hairs. On the other hand, the spontaneous mutation frequency expressed as the number of pink mutant events per 10(4) hair-cell divisions did not show any significant changes with the age of ...
Hops - Behavioral Health Care, P.C.
Hops are the female inflorescences of the plant Humulus lupulus L. They are used primarily in beer brewing to add bitterness and flavor. Hops is also used as an herbal medicine for mood disturbance and insomnia (1) and to treat menopausal symptoms. In vitro studies have shown that hops has antibacterial (28), chemopreventive (2) (3) (4), antitumor (5), antiangiogenic (6), anti-inflammatory (19), phytoestrogenic (29) and antidiabetic (7) properties. In murine models, hops reduced hyperlipidemia (8), obesity (9), protected against bone loss following estrogen depletion (21), and reduced development of acute alcohol-induced damage (22).. In clinical studies, a hops-valerian combination product was reported to improve sleep quality (10) (16), and insulin sensitivity in patients with type-2 diabetes (7). Hops extracts were also shown to alleviate mild depression, anxiety and stress symptoms in healthy adults (23); and to decrease body fat in healthy overweight subjects (24). Data from an ...
Serratula | Article about Serratula by The Free Dictionary
Looking for Serratula? Find out information about Serratula. a genus of perennial herbs of the family Com-positae. The alternate leaves are pinnatisect or entire and usually dentate. The inflorescences are... Explanation of Serratula
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Family: Cannabaceae (Hemp)Description: An annual herbaceous dioecious plant 30-180 cm high, with an erect branched stalk of 3 to 30 mm in thickness. The leaves at the bottom are opposite, from the top - regular, deeply¬palchatorazdelnye, with lanceolate large-toothed lobes. Male flowers on pedicels, five-membered, whitish-green, collected in a paniculate branchy inflorescence; Female - with a rudimentary flower bed, form a spicate inflorescence, sit in the sinuses of the upper leaves. Fruit - seed, hidden in a shell; It is usually called a hemp seed. Blossoms in June-July. Fruiting in August-September. The mass of 1000 seeds - 18-25 g. Hemp oil was one of the main in Russia and only in the XVIII-XIX centuries it was gradually replaced by sunflower. Seeds contain fatty oil (up to 40%), resin, vitamin K, choline, cholesterol, sugars, edestin, saponins ...
Leafy-bracted inflorescence. Leafy-bracted inflorescence of Rhinanthus angustifolius. Leafy inflorescence. Leafy inflorescence ... Ebracteate inflorescence. Ebracteate inflorescence of Wisteria sinensis Bracteate inflorescence. Bracteate inflorescence of ... Ebracteate inflorescences: No bracts in the inflorescence. Bracteate inflorescences: The bracts in the inflorescence are very ... leafy inflorescence' is preferable. Leafy-bracted inflorescences: Intermediate between bracteate and leafy inflorescence. If ...
List of largest inflorescences
The following is a list of the largest inflorescences known from plants that produce seeds. List of world records held by ...
Inflorescence. Bipinnate leaves. IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group.; Botanic Gardens Conservation International; et al. ( ...
Inflorescence; flowers are solitary or in small clusters, calyx is tubular consisting of 6 linear lobes, corolla, also is in a ...
Inflorescence. 1897 illustration from Franz Eugen Köhler, Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen "Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae ...
Soundwave Festival (San Francisco)
"Inflorescence". Project>Soundwave. MEDIATE. Soundwave Festival site ME'DI.ATE Art Group (Webarchive template wayback links, Use ...
Inflorescence. Flowers in full bloom. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sterculia monosperma. Wikispecies has information ...
Inflorescence. Inflorescence closeup. "Hetaeria oblongifolia". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic ...
Inflorescence; greenish yellow, long pedicellate, umbelliform with 25 -50 flower, terminal inflorescence. Species is largely ...
A inflorescence; B mature fruits; C immature..." ResearchGate. Retrieved 2020-08-12. Edinburgh, Royal Botanic Garden. " ...
Inflorescence of white-flowered form, back-lit by bright sunlight. Front-lit inflorescence of white-flowered form. Front view ... Back-lit inflorescence, showing clearly striated venation of bracts. Close-up of flowers of pale pink form in profile. Side ... Comparison of inflorescences of Corydalis cava (right, with simple bracts) and the closely related C. solida (left, with ... Developing inflorescence. Lower Lußhart near Neulußheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Mature specimen from a wood in Vicenza ( ...
Inflorescence branched. Usually spreading or stoloniferous plants. Adromischus caryophyllaceus Adromischus fallax Adromischus ... Adromischus inamoenus Adromischus triflorus Adromischus mammilaris Adromischus halesowensis Pale or pubescent inflorescence ...
A: Inflorescence; B: Terete peduncle; C: Cross section of a terete peduncle List of plants known as lily Kew World Checklist of ...
National Arboretum Canberra
"Inflorescence" (PDF). Newsletter of the Southern Highlands Branch. Australian Garden History Society (Autumn - Winter 2010): 8 ...
Inflorescence cymosely. Flowers small, starry, crowded, in axillary corymbose cymes, 2-3 mm across; corolla purplish, lobes ...
Flowering inflorescence. The very small individual flowers The flaky bark on the trunk. A fruited inflorescence. D. traversii ... It is covered in inflorescence bracts (modified leaves) which are 130-240 by 25-50 mm (5.12-9.45 by 0.98-1.97 in) and light ... It flowers from October to February with densely-packed 18-40 cm (7.1-15.7 in) long panicle (branched inflorescence), though ... and a prominent pyramid-shaped inflorescence. It has tiny red flowers, between 500 and 3000 on each panicle, and equally tiny ...
The inflorescence is 4-12 cm long, with up to 50 blooms. The labellum appears long and narrow, since its sides are strongly ... Inflorescence subsp. ochroleuca subsp. coccinea subsp. cruenta Aporia crataegi on subsp. latissima, Estonia Kew World Checklist ...
Inflorescence - axillary. Ashton, P. (1998). "Stemonoporus acuminatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998: e. ...
Inflorescence dichotomous. Ovary with three wings, the dorsal wings are much longer than the flanks. The male flower has 4 ...
They are sessile, very small, and yellow in color; Inflorescence - spikes; trees dioecious. Small, nearly sessile, axillary ...
Detail of the leaves and inflorescence. Detail of inflorescence. In habitat near Ensenada. Note the sessile leaves. This plant ...
Inflorescence is terminal. LeComte, 1937, Fl. Gen. Indo-Chine 6:1063. Stone, Benjamin Clemans Masterman. 1983. Studies in ...
Detail of inflorescence. A black-and-white photograph of Van Riebeeck's hedge. Palmer, Eve; Pitman, Norah (1972). Trees of ...
Inflorescence-axillary spikes. 3-lobed capsule. "Mallotus distans Müll.Arg. - The Plant List". Theplantlist.org. Retrieved 24 ...
B. elegans inflorescence. B. elegans flower detail. Edwards's Botanical Register; Consisting of Coloured Figures of Exotic ...
Inflorescence a raceme; flowers bisexual, with 4 white petals and 1 tinged yellow. Fruit pendent, subcylindric, depressed ...
The whitish-green inflorescences are arranged in a branched inflorescence up to 80-100 cm long. The seeds are globose and ... More branched inflorescence. Flowers with different characteristics. Smaller fruits and seeds. It is most similar to species ...
Inflorescence usually terminal. Sepals usually connate, often colored, usually accrescent. Corolla red to yellow, pink, or ...
pale greenish yellow, small, nearly sessile; Inflorescence - dense cymes. ovaoid-subglobose berry, pulp purple; seeds bright ...
Inflorescence a raceme. Calyculus present. Tepals free. Fruit a capsule, usually septicidal. Harperocallis McDaniel Pleea Michx ...
Inflorescence, Page 30
Get a Whiff of This: Byredo's Inflorescence
Aroid Forum: colorful leaves or spathe of some other inflorescence?
The sometimes beautiful and sometimes bizarre combination of spathe and spadix known as the inflorescence, and sometimes ... colorful leaves or spathe of some other inflorescence? From: Lester Kallus lkallus at earthlink.net, on 1970.01.01 at 00:00:00( ... inflorescence? > i agree with jason. they look like calla lily leaves.. > however, is the purple on the underside of the. > ... Subject: Re: [aroid-l] colorful leaves or spathe of some other inflorescence? Dear Les and Alan, Just another thought---a group ...
PlantFiles Pictures: Species Orchid, Stemless Lady's Slipper, Moccasin Flower, Short Inflorescence Cypripedium (Cypripedium...
Short Inflorescence Cypripedium (Cypripedium acaule) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... Species Orchid, Stemless Ladys Slipper, Moccasin Flower, Short Inflorescence Cypripedium (Cypripedium acaule). by JPtropic Apr ... Species Orchid, Stemless Ladys Slipper, Moccasin Flower, Short Inflorescence Cypripedium. Cypripedium acaule ...
C. pontederiifolia inflorescence: 8/27/04 | Aquatic Plant Forum
Miltonia orchid (Miltonia spec.), inflorescence, Miltonia Bastian Widmer x Miltonia Bluntii var..., Stock Photo, Picture And...
Blog Archive » Inflorescence - mirror polished stainless steel sculpture for UAA
Tubular flowers,sun flower,inflorescence,flower basket,tongue flower - free image from needpix.com
... inflorescence,flower basket,tongue flower . You can freely use this image ✓ For commercial use ✓ No attribution required ... Tubular Flowers Sun Flower Inflorescence Free Photo Tubular Flowers Sun Flower Inflorescence Free Photo Public Domain ... tubular flowers sun flower inflorescence flower basket tongue flower helianthus annuus flower nature plant blossom bloom yellow ...
Chemical Constituents of the Inflorescence of Scabiosa comosa Fisoh and Their Antioxide andα-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activities-...
The inflorescence of Scabiosa comosa Fisohis a traditional Mongolian medicine used for liver diseases.The present research was ... for developing antiHCV agents.The present findings that some of the phenolic compounds and triterpenes from the inflorescence ... The inflorescence of Scabiosa comosa Fisohis a traditional Mongolian medicine used for liver diseases.The present research was ... Chemical Constituents of the Inflorescence of Scabiosa comosa Fisoh and Their Antioxide andα-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activities ...
Functional diversification of duplicated CYC2 clade genes in regulation of inflorescence development in Gerbera hybrida ...
T1 - Functional diversification of duplicated CYC2 clade genes in regulation of inflorescence development in Gerbera hybrida ( ... Functional diversification of duplicated CYC2 clade genes in regulation of inflorescence development in Gerbera hybrida ( ... Functional diversification of duplicated CYC2 clade genes in regulation of inflorescence development in Gerbera hybrida ( ... title = "Functional diversification of duplicated CYC2 clade genes in regulation of inflorescence development in Gerbera ...
San Diego band The Inflorescence shares debut single & video "Are You Sorry" on Kill Rock Stars - Guitar Girl Magazine
The Inflorescence. Are You Sorry. (Kill Rock Stars). Street Date: Jan. 27, 2022 ... Home News Music News San Diego band The Inflorescence shares debut single & video "Are You... ... Proudly christening themselves The Inflorescence, the band found the right home with Kill Rock Stars to unleash their debut LP ... San Diego band The Inflorescence shares debut single & video "Are You Sorry" on Kill Rock Stars. By ...
Lobelia tupa inflorescence - Over bambushekken
Inflorescence - Wovenfloors
Home / Regal Array / Inflorescence. Inflorescence. Inflorescence - The black base serves to enhance the fine motifs in their ... Inflorescence - The black base serves to enhance the fine motifs in their subtle hues and further accentuates every miniscule ... The Inflorescence rug is Hand knotted in pure semi worsted New Zealand wool with 150 knots per square inch. ... The Inflorescence rug is Hand knotted in pure semi worsted New Zealand wool with 150 knots per square inch. ...
inflorescence Archives - mergeculture
Inflorescence print - Illsol 18 x 24 Floral Screen Print #10 / 47. $40.00. Add to cart ... Inflorescence print - Illsol 18 x 24 Floral Screen Print #11 / 47. $50.00. Add to cart ... Inflorescence print - Illsol 18 x 24 Floral Screen Print #15 / 47. $40.00. Add to cart ... Inflorescence print - Illsol 18 x 24 Floral Screen Print #16 / 47. $40.00. Add to cart ...
Lavender inflorescence earrings - louiseannnedesigns
Euphorbia - Wikipedia
Inflorescence Series | Anomalous Darlings
Meadows sauerampfer,plant,inflorescence,pointed flower,rumex acetosa - free image from needpix.com
... inflorescence,pointed flower,rumex acetosa . You can freely use this image ✓ For commercial use ✓ No attribution required ... Meadows Sauerampfer Plant Inflorescence Free Photo Meadows Sauerampfer Plant Inflorescence Free Photo Public Domain ... meadows sauerampfer plant inflorescence pointed flower rumex acetosa large sauerampfer sorrel flowering plant polygalas ...
Radical scavenging activity of extruded corn gruels with addition of linden inflorescence - Open Chemistry - Tom 13, Numer 1 ...
5] Sroka Z., Bełz J., Antioxidant activity of hydrolyzed and non−hydrolyzed extracts of the inflorescence of linden (Tiliae ... Radical scavenging activity of extruded corn gruels with addition of linden inflorescence. ... addition of linden inflorescence. The studies were based on two methods: TLC-bioautographic assay and spectrophotometric ...
Transcriptome analysis of pistacia vera inflorescence buds in bearing and non-bearing shoots reveals the molecular mechanism...
"OFF" inflorescence buds triggers a cascade of events involving trehalose-6-phosphate and target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling, ... "OFF" inflorescence buds triggers a cascade of events involving trehalose-6-phosphate and target of rapamycin (TOR) signaling, ... In this study, a transcriptome analysis was performed in inflorescence buds of "ON" and "OFF" shoots. A total of 14,330 ... This is the first study reporting gene expression profiling of the fate of "ON" and "OFF" inflorescence buds associated with ...
Guzmania hybrid named 'RITMO' - CORN. BAK B.V.
Plants of RITMO produce inflorescence which are orange in color whereas plants of TEMPO produce inflorescence which are red ... 2 shows a close-up top view perspective of the inflorescence and top bracts produced by a typical potted, flowering plant of ... The present invention also provides Guzmania plant selections with a round, spike-like inflorescence with a unique orange color ... Time of Bloom: A fully grown plant can produce an inflorescence containing about 20 flowers (depending on the size of the plant ...
Inflorescence casino playing cards | Bedlam
edible inflorescence' | the invisible cookbook
Inflorescence arrangement and nursery pollinator occupancy
... by botanyone. March 27, 2018. March 26, 2018. ... also reveal new costs and benefits of such interaction, where flowering synchrony and a high inflorescence number appeared to ... Image of Derelomus chamaeropsis adult on male inflorescence. Photo: Luis Oscar Aguado. Interestingly, the remarkable dispersal ...
Rumex obtusifolius - Wikimedia Commons
Scott Pagano | Inflorescence No. 01 | Sedition
Our Work | Inflorescence Media | off brand.
Indeterminate inflorescenceBotanyLeafBudsCannabisLeafy inflorescence2022BractsCymose inflorescenceByredo InflorescenceDeterminate inflorescenceRacemoseStemFlowersPollinationSpikePeduncleRacemePanicleVegetativeLeavesShowyArrangementPlantStalkTerminologySpeciesApexFluteGrassPartialRatioFleurOrganicSecondaryPlants
- Indeterminate inflorescence: Monopodial (racemose) growth. (wikipedia.org)
- In an indeterminate inflorescence there is no true terminal flower and the stem usually has a rudimentary end. (wikipedia.org)
- Centripetal inflorescence}, indeterminate inflorescence . (en-academic.com)
- Here, we report a floral defective plant of the garden cosmos named green head ( gh ), which shows homogeneous inflorescence, indistinguishable inflorescence periphery and center, and the replacement of flower meristems by indeterminate inflorescence meristems, coupled with iterative production of bract-like organs and higher order of inflorescences. (mdpi.com)
- inflorescence - ► NOUN Botany 1) the complete flower head of a plant, including stems, stalks, bracts, and flowers. (en-academic.com)
- Considering the broadest meaning of the term, any leaf associated with an inflorescence is called a bract. (wikipedia.org)
- Although legume stems vary greatly, the leaf shapes, appearance and shapes of watermarks, and inflorescences make identification of legumes easier than that of grasses. (oregonstate.edu)
- The leaf shape, potential watermarks, stipules, and inflorescences make distiguishing the trifoliums less difficult. (oregonstate.edu)
- Determinate (or cymose ) flowering plants have the oldest flower at the top of the main axis (usually peduncle or inflorescence stalk), meaning the terminal bud stops growing and lateral flowers are produced from axillary buds lower on the stem. (mgnv.org)
- Today, we'll take a deep dive into the importance of Olive Inflorescences, Olive Buds, and How Olive Trees Are Pollinated. (exauoliveoil.com)
- It's likely that the little buds on your olive tree are the olive inflorescences - but they might also be the start of a new shoot. (exauoliveoil.com)
- These buds may be either flower buds (inflorescences) or vegetative buds . (exauoliveoil.com)
- Vegetative buds, on the other hand, may grow into new shoots that will in turn grow their own leaves and inflorescences. (exauoliveoil.com)
- If the buds are in fact olive inflorescences, they should begin to bloom around mid-May to early June. (exauoliveoil.com)
- The ability of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) inflorescence extract to counteract lipid oxidation was studied in stripped linseed oil. (unito.it)
- Cannabis Store Amsterdam offers you CANNABISMILE, the line of the most famous and prestigious varieties of Cannabis Sativa L. inflorescences in the world. (cannabisstoreamsterdam.com)
- All our cannabis inflorescences contain Cannabidiol (CBD) which is the non-psychoactive metabolite of Cannabis Sativa L . and they are all perfectly legal because tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is present in percentages that always respect what is prescribed by European laws and by those in force in each country where our stores are located. (cannabisstoreamsterdam.com)
- In this study, we therefore aimed to determine postharvest optimal storage conditions for preserving the composition of naturally biosynthesized secondary metabolites in Cannabis inflorescences and Cannabis extracts. (frontiersin.org)
- To this end, Cannabis inflorescences (whole versus ground samples) and Cannabis extracts (dissolved in different solvents) from (-)-Δ 9 - trans -tetrahydrocannabinol- or cannabidiol-rich chemovars, were stored in the dark at various temperatures (25, 4, −30 and −80°C), and their phytocannabinoid and terpenoid profiles were analyzed over the course of 1 year. (frontiersin.org)
- We found that in both Cannabis inflorescences and extracts, a storage temperature of 25°C led to the largest changes in the concentrations of the natural phytocannabinoids over time, making this the most unfavorable temperature compared with all others examined here. (frontiersin.org)
- Overall, our conclusions point that storage of whole inflorescences and extracts dissolved in olive oil, at 4°C, were the optimal postharvest conditions for Cannabis . (frontiersin.org)
- Leafy-bracted inflorescences: Intermediate between bracteate and leafy inflorescence. (wikipedia.org)
- Leafy inflorescence. (wikipedia.org)
- Leafy inflorescence of Aristolochia clematitis. (wikipedia.org)
- January 10, 2022 - Comments Off on Inflorescence. (mandyridley.com)
- A bract is usually located at the node where the main stem of the inflorescence forms, joined to the rachis of the plant, but other bracts can exist within the inflorescence itself. (wikipedia.org)
- According to the presence or absence of bracts and their characteristics we may distinguish the following: Ebracteate inflorescences: No bracts in the inflorescence. (wikipedia.org)
- Bracteate inflorescences: The bracts in the inflorescence are very specialised, sometimes reduced to small scales, divided or dissected. (wikipedia.org)
- Leafy inflorescences: Though often reduced in size, the bracts are unspecialised and look like the typical leaves of the plant, so that the term flowering stem is usually applied instead of inflorescence. (wikipedia.org)
- If the inflorescence has a second unit of bracts further up the stem, they might be called an involucel. (wikipedia.org)
- Inflorescence - Terminal loose cymose panicles, the stalks 0.3-3.0 cm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with short, stalked glands, the bracts with green margins. (missouriplants.com)
- The arrangement of flowers in cymose inflorescence is centrifugal, i.e., the older flowers occupy the center and younger periphery of the cluster. (botanystudies.com)
- Byredo bottles the essence of spring with Byredo Inflorescence, its floral fragrance for women. (perfume.com)
- Determinate inflorescence: Sympodial (cymose) growth. (wikipedia.org)
- Can you identify the types of determinate inflorescence below? (mgnv.org)
- An example of a determinate inflorescence in spike form is the familiar native Liatris spicata (blazing star or gayfeather) shown below with spent flowers at the top of the spike. (mgnv.org)
- Centrifugal inflorescence}, determinate inflorescence . (en-academic.com)
- A simple inflorescence maybe racemose or cymose according to the mode of branching. (botanystudies.com)
- An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. (wikipedia.org)
- The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle. (wikipedia.org)
- An inflorescence is a flowering stem. (wikipedia.org)
- Bursting with the essence of bitter orange blossoms flowering in Spring, Inflorescence Body Elixir infuses clinically proven actives such as skin-plumping Sweet Iris Stem Cells & Vitamin C Ester into a blend of sustainably procured, phytonutrient-rich botanical oils. (carasoin.com)
- One can also define an inflorescence as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern. (wikipedia.org)
- Any flower in an inflorescence may be referred to as a floret, especially when the individual flowers are particularly small and borne in a tight cluster, such as in a pseudanthium. (wikipedia.org)
- Inflorescences are described by many different characteristics including how the flowers are arranged on the peduncle, the blooming order of the flowers and how different clusters of flowers are grouped within it. (wikipedia.org)
- Two populations of Sagittaria brevirostra from the same lake were sampled 10 years apart and yielded similar data on inflorescence structure and on numbers and ratios of male and female flowers. (unl.edu)
- Larger inflorescences have relatively more male than female flowers than do smaller inflorescences. (unl.edu)
- See, these big-headed flowers are actually inflorescences made up of many tiny little flowers all put together into one big giant head, just like a giant sunflower head. (cactusjungle.com)
- By experimental manipulation of the nectar in flowers, I characterized the decision-making process used by nectar-gathering bumblebees for initiating movements between inflorescences of wild bergamot. (umich.edu)
- The relation between the position and gender of the flowers on the partial inflorescences (dichasia) varied with cultivar and time. (ashs.org)
- There may be dozens or even hundreds of flowers in an inflorescence, with many seeds or fruits for each flowering. (wikipedia.org)
- Others produce a cluster of flowers or inflorescences . (mgnv.org)
- The arrangement of flowers on floral axis or peduncle resulting in formation of groups is called inflorescence. (botanystudies.com)
- and cluster of small flowers, the florets are borne on the disc, therefore the inflorescence appears to be a single flower. (botanystudies.com)
- In compound inflorescence, the main axis is branched and bear flowers in the same manner as on the main axis. (botanystudies.com)
- Each inflorescence will have 10 to 30 flowers, depending on the characteristics of the tree. (exauoliveoil.com)
- I am looking for the name of this tree with pink flowers which form a cone-like inflorescence. (snaplant.com)
- The inflorescence is a tall crowded spike of yellow flowers. (wnmu.edu)
- Inflorescences - Terminal panicles of numerous flowers, longer than wide, cylindrical or ovoid to more or less pyramididal, sometimes elongate. (missouriplants.com)
- Pollination success is unrelated to inflorescence size or sex ratio within an inflorescence. (unl.edu)
- Legume inflorescences can be umbels (white clover), spike-like racemes(alfalfa), or racemes (field pea). (oregonstate.edu)
- A flower that is not part of an inflorescence is called a solitary flower and its stalk is also referred to as a peduncle. (wikipedia.org)
- The inflorescence is corymbose in flowering stage but later becomes a simple raceme due to elongation of axis, e.g., in Brassica (Brassicaceae). (botanystudies.com)
- Inflorescences may be simple (single) or complex (panicle). (wikipedia.org)
- For example, various botanical references either describe the inflorescence of Aesculus pavia (red buckeye) as a panicle or as a thyrse. (mgnv.org)
- Inflorescences usually have modified foliage different from the vegetative part of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
- To remedy this, we sequenced small RNAs (sRNA) from vegetative and dissected inflorescence tissue in 28 phylogenetically diverse monocots and from several early-diverging angiosperm lineages, as well as publicly available data from 10 additional monocot species. (nih.gov)
- In Arabidopsis thaliana, abscission of floral organs and cauline leaves is regulated by the interaction of the hormonal peptide INFLORESCENCE DEFICIENT IN ABSCISSION (IDA), a pair of redundant receptor-like protein kinases, HAESA (HAE) and HAESA-LIKE2 (HSL2), and SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS RECEPTOR-LIKE KINASE (SERK) co-receptors. (gva.es)
- They are much more showy and colorful than grass inflorescences and are very useful for identification during the reproductive stage. (oregonstate.edu)
- Understanding the arrangement and inflorescence type will help you see patterns and draw what you see. (johnmuirlaws.com)
- Mean number of inflorescences produced per plant with no soaking was 0.2, 0.7, and 0.0 for 'Frieda Hemple,' 'Candidum,' and 'Carolyn Whorton' respectively, while tubers soaked in 250 mg/liter GA 3 for 16 hours at 23°C averaged 2.4, 3.7, and 4.0 inflorescences per plant, respectively. (ashs.org)
- There was no significant difference in number of inflorescences per plant from tubers treated with 250, 500, and 1000 mg/liter GA 3 . (ashs.org)
- The stalk of each flower in the inflorescence is called a pedicel. (wikipedia.org)
- The architecture of the lychee tree and the structure of the inflorescence are described according to the terminology of Hallè et al. (ashs.org)
- Inflorescence affords an excellent characteristic mark in distinguishing the species of plants. (en-academic.com)
- Asteraceae, a large family of plants with more than 23,000 species, has a unique head-like inflorescence termed capitulum. (mdpi.com)
- In this type of inflorescence, the main axis continues to grow until last flower is formed at the apex. (botanystudies.com)
- Composed for seven players (playing a flute, a clarinet, a trio of strings, a small battery of percussion, and a piano), An Inflorescence is a short work lasting no more than three minutes, thirty seconds. (danielottmusic.com)
- The inflorescence of this grass is many-branched, lending it an airy appearance. (nps.gov)
- They performed partial and differential flower removal, inflorescence lifetime tracking, and hormone treatments. (plantae.org)
- A Reevaluation of Tree Model, Inflorescence Morphology, and Sex Ratio in Lychee (Litchi Chinensis Sonn. (ashs.org)
- Inflorescence - L inflorescence est la disposition des fleurs sur la tige d'une plante à fleur. (en-academic.com)
- KYPRIS Body Elixir: Inflorescence is a non-greasy, multi-active body oil produced with clinically proven actives typically reserved for facial care and 12 of the most potent and nourishing organic, wild crafted, and co-op grown botanicals blended. (carasoin.com)
- Terpenoids and phytocannabinoids are both biosynthesized as secondary metabolites in the glandular trichomes, located mainly on the surface of the female inflorescence. (frontiersin.org)
- Garlic ( Allium sativum L.) plants were cultured from immature inflorescence bulbils. (ashs.org)