Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Poultry Products: Food products manufactured from poultry.Communicable DiseasesInfluenza in Birds: Infection of domestic and wild fowl and other BIRDS with INFLUENZA A VIRUS. Avian influenza usually does not sicken birds, but can be highly pathogenic and fatal in domestic POULTRY.Infectious Disease Medicine: A branch of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of INFECTIOUS DISEASES.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 1. The H5N1 subtype, frequently referred to as the bird flu virus, is endemic in wild birds and very contagious among both domestic (POULTRY) and wild birds. It does not usually infect humans, but some cases have been reported.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It was established in 1948.Influenza A Virus, H9N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 9 and neuraminidase 2. The H9N2 subtype usually infects domestic birds (POULTRY) but there have been some human infections reported.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Campylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Turkeys: Large woodland game BIRDS in the subfamily Meleagridinae, family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. Formerly they were considered a distinct family, Melegrididae.DucksFood Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Campylobacter jejuni: A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.Campylobacter: A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.Animals, Wild: Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.Salmonella Infections, Animal: Infections in animals with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Abattoirs: Places where animals are slaughtered and dressed for market.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Bacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Animal DiseasesCloaca: A dilated cavity extended caudally from the hindgut. In adult birds, reptiles, amphibians, and many fishes but few mammals, cloaca is a common chamber into which the digestive, urinary and reproductive tracts discharge their contents. In most mammals, cloaca gives rise to LARGE INTESTINE; URINARY BLADDER; and GENITALIA.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Influenza A virus: The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.Bird Diseases: Diseases of birds not considered poultry, therefore usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild. The concept is differentiated from POULTRY DISEASES which is for birds raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption, and usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc.Livestock: Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.Eggs: Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.Influenza A Virus, H7N7 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 7. The H7N7 subtype produced an epidemic in 2003 which was highly pathogenic among domestic birds (POULTRY). Some infections in humans were reported.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Newcastle Disease: An acute febrile, contagious, viral disease of birds caused by an AVULAVIRUS called NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS. It is characterized by respiratory and nervous symptoms in fowl and is transmissible to man causing a severe, but transient conjunctivitis.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.GeeseFood Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Meat Products: Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).Salmonella enteritidis: A serotype of Salmonella enterica which is an etiologic agent of gastroenteritis in man and other animals.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Vaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Campylobacter coli: A species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of swine, poultry, and man. It may be pathogenic.Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.Housing, AnimalDisease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Influenza A Virus, H7N3 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 3. It was first detected in turkeys in Britain in 1963 and there have been several outbreaks on poultry farms since that time. A couple cases of human infections have been reported.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Disease Reservoirs: Animate or inanimate sources which normally harbor disease-causing organisms and thus serve as potential sources of disease outbreaks. Reservoirs are distinguished from vectors (DISEASE VECTORS) and carriers, which are agents of disease transmission rather than continuing sources of potential disease outbreaks.Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus: Membrane glycoproteins from influenza viruses which are involved in hemagglutination, virus attachment, and envelope fusion. Fourteen distinct subtypes of HA glycoproteins and nine of NA glycoproteins have been identified from INFLUENZA A VIRUS; no subtypes have been identified for Influenza B or Influenza C viruses.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Influenza A Virus, H7N9 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 7 and neuraminidase 9. This avian origin virus was first identified in humans in 2013.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Drug Resistance, Bacterial: The ability of bacteria to resist or to become tolerant to chemotherapeutic agents, antimicrobial agents, or antibiotics. This resistance may be acquired through gene mutation or foreign DNA in transmissible plasmids (R FACTORS).Microbiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.VietnamUnited StatesTropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Virulence: The degree of pathogenicity within a group or species of microorganisms or viruses as indicated by case fatality rates and/or the ability of the organism to invade the tissues of the host. The pathogenic capacity of an organism is determined by its VIRULENCE FACTORS.Manure: Accumulations of solid or liquid animal excreta usually from stables and barnyards with or without litter material. Its chief application is as a fertilizer. (From Webster's 3d ed)Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Disease Vectors: Invertebrates or non-human vertebrates which transmit infective organisms from one host to another.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Fowlpox: A poxvirus infection of poultry and other birds characterized by the formation of wart-like nodules on the skin and diphtheritic necrotic masses (cankers) in the upper digestive and respiratory tracts.Influenza A Virus, H5N2 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 5 and neuraminidase 2. The H5N2 subtype has been found to be highly pathogenic in chickens.Epidemiological Monitoring: Collection, analysis, and interpretation of data about the frequency, distribution, and consequences of disease or health conditions, for use in the planning, implementing, and evaluating public health programs.Newcastle disease virus: The most well known avian paramyxovirus in the genus AVULAVIRUS and the cause of a highly infectious pneumoencephalitis in fowl. It is also reported to cause CONJUNCTIVITIS in humans. Transmission is by droplet inhalation or ingestion of contaminated water or food.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome: A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Salmonella Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field: Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Reassortant Viruses: Viruses containing two or more pieces of nucleic acid (segmented genome) from different parents. Such viruses are produced in cells coinfected with different strains of a given virus.Cluster Analysis: A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.Salmonella Food Poisoning: Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.Meat-Packing Industry: The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.Agricultural Workers' Diseases: Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Host-Pathogen Interactions: The interactions between a host and a pathogen, usually resulting in disease.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Carbon-Oxygen Ligases: Enzymes that catalyze the joining of two molecules by the formation of a carbon-oxygen bond. EC 6.1.Anseriformes: An order of BIRDS comprising the waterfowl, particularly DUCKS; GEESE; swans; and screamers.Enterococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria consisting of organisms causing variable hemolysis that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Previously thought to be a member of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS, it is now recognized as a separate genus.Hong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Molecular Epidemiology: The application of molecular biology to the answering of epidemiological questions. The examination of patterns of changes in DNA to implicate particular carcinogens and the use of molecular markers to predict which individuals are at highest risk for a disease are common examples.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Anti-Infective Agents: Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.BangladeshIncidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Microbial Sensitivity Tests: Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Public Health Surveillance: The ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data with the purpose of preventing or controlling disease or injury, or of identifying unusual events of public health importance, followed by the dissemination and use of information for public health action. (From Am J Prev Med 2011;41(6):636)Egypt: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.Security Measures: Regulations to assure protection of property and equipment.Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.MycosesAir Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Geography, Medical: The area of medicine concerned with the effects on health and disease due to geographic factors such as CLIMATE, environmental conditions, and geographic location.Biosurveillance: Monitoring of information sources of potential value in detecting an emerging epidemic, whether naturally occurring or the result of bioterrorism.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Protozoan Infections: Infections with unicellular organisms formerly members of the subkingdom Protozoa.Neuraminidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of alpha-2,3, alpha-2,6-, and alpha-2,8-glycosidic linkages (at a decreasing rate, respectively) of terminal sialic residues in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, glycolipids, colominic acid, and synthetic substrate. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Enterococcus faecium: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms are normal flora of the intestinal tract. Unlike ENTEROCOCCUS FAECALIS, this species may produce an alpha-hemolytic reaction on blood agar and is unable to utilize pyruvic acid as an energy source.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Comparative Immuno Microbiol & Infectious disease. 30:261-268 Lin J.J. 2006. Probiotics as alternative Biomedicines for pets ... Poultry Sci. 86:63-66 Lee SH, Lillehoj HS, Park DW, Hong YH, and Lin JJ. 2007. Effects of Pediococcus -and Saccharomyces -based ... Animals fed with P. acidilactici have shown enhanced immune responses against infectious coccidioidal diseases. Dogs typically ... Another potential benefit of using them as probiotics is their use as alternative medicines against infectious parasitic ...
Antibiotic use in livestock
Swartz, Morton N. (1 June 2002). "Human Diseases Caused by Foodborne Pathogens of Animal Origin". Clinical Infectious Diseases ... sales remain elevated compared to the poultry industries in 2017, and their use is primarily in preventing diseases in healthy ... The Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy estimates approximately $2.2 billion in antibiotic resistance- related ... "Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 26 March 2019.. *^ Zurek, Ludek; Ghosh, Anuradha (June 2014). "Insects ...
"Emerging Infectious Diseases. 11 (3): 380-4. doi:10.3201/eid1103.040819. PMC 3298265. PMID 15757551.. ... April 2007). "Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in poultry: a ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 7 (2): 337-41. doi:10.3201/eid0702.010239. PMC 2631735. PMID 11294736.. ... "Clinical Infectious Diseases. 41 Suppl 2: S144-57. doi:10.1086/428055. PMID 15942881.. ...
Bursa of Fabricius
Antibiotic use in livestock
Swartz M. Human Diseases Caused by Foodborne Pathogens of Animal Origin. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2002. 34:S111-22. ... Griggs J. P.; Jacob J. P. (2005). "Alternatives to Antibiotics for Organic Poultry Production" (PDF). Poultry Science. 14: 750- ... The Resistance Phenomenon in Microbes and Infectious Disease Vectors: Implications for Human Health and Strategies for ... Along with the new large animal densities came the threat of disease, therefore requiring a greater disease control of these ...
Unlike true lice, bird lice do not carry infectious diseases. Having coevolved with their specific host(s), phylogenetic ... Chickens and other poultry are attacked by many kinds of bird lice. Bird lice usually do not cause much harm to a bird unless ... In extreme cases, the infestation may even interfere with egg production and the fattening of poultry. ... The families which parasitize birds are: Suborder Amblycera Family Menoponidae - birds, especially poultry. Family ...
Gallid herpesvirus 1
The disease is usually referred to as infectious laryngotracheitis or simply LT in the poultry industry. It is widely viewed as ... Inside this quarantine zone, poultry workers will avoid poultry farms to prevent the spread of the virus. GaHV-1 is shed in ... It was originally recognized as a disease of chickens in the United States in 1926. The disease also occurs in pheasants. ... Avian Infectious Laryngotracheitis, expert reviewed and published by WikiVet, accessed 07/10/2011 Virus Pathogen Database and ...
Avian immune system
Control of infectious disease is essential for the production of healthy poultry flocks. Vaccination programs have been used ... The most common immunosuppressive viruses are Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV), Avian Leukosis, Marek's Disease (MD) and ... Infectious bursal disease virus and chicken anemia are ubiquitous and have increased interest in combatting avian pathogens. ... Most research has been focused on chickens due to the increased threat of viral diseases within the poultry population. The ...
This virus is easily transmissible to domestic poultry, and to humans living in close proximity with them. Other infectious ... Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease ... pigs or poultry, and often reared indoors, typically at high densities. Poultry, kept for their eggs and for their meat, ... Pigs and poultry are non-ruminants and unable to digest the cellulose in grass and other forages, so they are fed entirely on ...
Hitchner, S. B. (1949). "The Pathology of Infectious Sinusitis of Turkeys". Poultry Science. 28 (2): 106-118. doi:10.3382/ps. ... Turner, A. W. (1930). Black Disease (Infectious Necrotic Hepatitis) of Sheep in Australia. Bulletin no. 46. Council for ... The Etiology of Black Disease: Being Further Studies in a Braxy-Like Disease of Sheep (1921). Before qualifying, Dodd served in ... It was in South Africa that Dodd gained experience with tick-borne diseases of livestock. In 1907 he was admitted a fellow of ...
The disease was first described in 1905. It was described as a respiratory disease that was found in domestic poultry. However ... Wild bird species affected by the disease are infectious and are often found in close contact with domestic species. Wildlife ... 2013). House Finch Disease. "Mycoplasma gallisepticum Infection in Poultry" in The Merck Veterinary Manual for Veterinary ... It is the causative agent of chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in chickens and infectious sinusitis in turkeys, chickens, game ...
Medicines for Malaria Venture
Research and Development Centres (R&D) for infectious diseases usually are staffed with scientists and physicians in the fields ... This is of special interest for live-stock such as cattle, poultry, and companion animals. MMV works in partnership to ensure ... Keynote lectures are presented at scientific and medical conferences in the field of infectious diseases, worldwide. In view of ... This is one of the reasons why combination therapies are often essential for treating malarial infections and most infectious ...
Reviews of Infectious Diseases. 10 (Supplement 1): S148-9. JSTOR 4454399. Forsgren A, Bredberg A, Pardee AB, Schlossman SF, ... There has been significant concern regarding the amount of flumequine residue found within food animals such as fish, poultry ... Clinical Infectious Diseases. 44 (7): 977-80. doi:10.1086/512369. PMID 17342653. Kawahara S (December 1998). "[Chemotherapeutic ... "Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in poultry: a public health ...
March 2007). "Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society consensus guidelines on the management of ... April 2007). "Fluoroquinolone-resistant Campylobacter species and the withdrawal of fluoroquinolones from use in poultry: a ... Owens RC, Ambrose PG (July 2005). "Antimicrobial safety: focus on fluoroquinolones". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 41 Suppl 2: ... Mar-Apr 2001). "Emerging mechanisms of fluoroquinolone resistance". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 7 (2): 337-41. doi:10.3201/ ...
Multilocus sequence typing
Campylobacter is the common causative agent for bacterial infectious intestinal diseases, usually arising from undercooked ... poultry or unpasteurised milk. However, its epidemiology is poorly understood since outbreaks are rarely detected, so that the ... Joseph and Forsythe (2011). "Association of Cronobacter sakazakii ST4 with neonatal infections". Emerging Infectious Diseases. ... S. pyogenes causes diseases ranging from pharyngitis to life-threatening impetigo including necrotizing fasciitis. An MLST ...
"CDC - Bloodborne Infectious Diseases - HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B Virus, and Hepatitis C Virus - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health ... "CDC - Poultry Industry Workers - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-03. "CDC - Body Art ... "CDC - Emerging Infectious Diseases - NIOSH Workplace Safety and Health Topic". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-03. "CDC - ... and particularly to emerging infectious diseases, especially when not enough resources are available to control the spread of ...
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 44 (7): 977-80. doi:10.1086/512369. PMID 17342653. Kawahara S (1998). "[Chemotherapeutic agents ... Resistant Campylobacter Species and the Withdrawal of Fluoroquinolones from Use in Poultry: A Public Health Success Story". ... including infectious diarrheas, in Japan. Prulifloxacin has not been approved for use in the United States. In 1987 a European ... including infectious diarrheas Other countries Prulifloxacin has not been approved for use in the United States, but may have ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Swine Flu Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy - Novel H1N1 ... These H5N1 infections may be quite common; in a survey of 10 apparently healthy pigs housed near poultry farms in West Java, ... "Indonesian pigs have avian flu virus; bird cases double in China". University of Minnesota: Center for Infectious Disease ... 31 March 2009). "H5N1 virus may be adapting to pigs in Indonesia". University of Minnesota: Center for Infectious Disease ...
Schlossberg, [edited by] David (2015). Clinical infectious disease (Second ed.). ISBN 1-107-03891-X. CS1 maint: Extra text: ... Diseases of Poultry. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 1-118-71973-5. Austin, Brian (1 January 2015). "Rothia". Bergey's Manual of ... Rothia bacteria can cause disease in humans and immunosuppressed humans. Parte, A.C. "Rothia". www.bacterio.net. "Rothia". www. ...
... but can be transmitted by contact with poultry as well. Monkeypox is an infectious disease found in Africa's wildlife that can ... The link between wildlife trafficking and disease outbreak is questioned, although outbreaks of certain diseases have suspected ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. 11 (5): 702-5. doi:10.3201/eid1105.050211. PMC 3320388 . PMID 15890123. Retrieved October 3, 2014 ... Center for Disease Prevention and Control. "B Virus (herpes B, monkey B virus, herpesvirus simiae, and herpesvirus B)". Center ...
The origin of the disease itself remains unknown. The current scientific view is that infectious proteins called prions ... Robert Webster explains: "If you use a good vaccine you can prevent the transmission within poultry and to humans. But if they ... Foot-and-mouth disease is a highly contagious and sometimes fatal viral disease of cattle and pigs. It can also infect deer, ... Reuters reports Hong Kong infectious disease expert Lo Wing-lok indicating that vaccines have to take top priority. Julie Hall ...
Cooperative Research Centre
Australian Biosecurity CRC for Emerging Infectious Disease Cotton Catchment Communities CRC CRC for an Internationally ... The Poultry CRC produced an information sharing service www.poultryhub.org which the United Nations Food and Agriculture ... The Pork CRC developed a vaccine against the disease pleuropneumonia, reducing pig deaths and disease from the bacteria ... The Beef CRC produced two new killed vaccines against Pasteurella and pestivirus which cause bovine respiratory disease (BRD), ...
Singaporean measures against avian influenza
... in all its aviaries to help detect the presence of any infectious disease. In June 2005, a ban was imposed on keeping live ... They are advised not to handle or eat raw or undercooked poultry or foods containing uncooked poultry, including eggs. Those ... They include elderly aged 65 years and above, those with chronic heart and lung diseases, and diabetes or renal diseases, ... Millions of birds have been culled to stop the spread of the disease. In October 2005, strain of the bird flu virus was ...
Global spread of H5N1 in 2007
June 12, 2007: "Indonesia finds traces of H5N1 in apparently healthy-looking poultry, making it tougher to detect the disease ... "Human H5N1 cases reported in Laos, Egypt, China". CIDRAP (Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy). 2007-02-28. ... Myanmar's last poultry outbreak was reported in April 2006." March 5-6, 2007: "China reports bird flu struck a poultry market ... lifting the national death toll from the disease to 87." October 25, 2007: "Vietnam reports its third outbreak among poultry ...
Université de Montréal Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Swine and poultry infectious diseases research center) Bovine Mastitis (Canadian Bovine Mastitis and Milk Quality Research ... Research Group on Infectious Diseases in Production Animals: http://www.medvet.umontreal.ca/gremip/index.php/en/ GREPAQ (Animal ... Research Chairs Poultry (philanthropic chair) Research Chair in Meat Safety (CRSNG Industrial Chair) Research networks CQSAS ( ... Network) RQR (Research Network on Reproduction) Bioevaluation centers Animal houses Poultry research center Agro environmental ...
A Conceptual Architecture for National Biosurveillance: Moving Beyond Situational Awareness to Enable Digital Detection of...
... to simulate the spread of an infectious disease through Nigerian human, poultry, backyard duck, and wild bird populations. We ... The resources for surveillance of infectious diseases in animals and wildlife are often limited and mathematical modeling can ... and infectious disease surveillance; (2) an information architecture that enables secure, national access to electronic health ... and infectious disease surveillance; (2) an information architecture that enables secure, national access to electronic health ...
Infectious Disease Research Centre Launched | The Poultry Site
The Infectious Disease Research Centre will build on the Universitys world-leading research into infectious disease. It will ... The poultry industrys gradual switch to cage-free egg production has underscored the need to rethink disease-control programs ... Weekly poultry outlook. 25 Sep 2020. Read the latest updates on the broiler and poultry meat markets in Russia and the United ... NEW ZEALAND - Massey University is bringing together researchers from across the University to combat infectious diseases that ...
Merial Supports Infectious Disease PhD Program | The Poultry Site
Infectious diseases are still a major public health concern and Merial is committed to help address the complex animal health ... IntroductionNewcastle disease is a major problem in the poultry industry and is caused by a virulent strain of Avian ... Is South African poultry back on track?. 27 Nov 2019. In spite of an uphill battle since 2016, South African poultrys major ... He came to the United States in 2011 to pursue his masters degree in poultry science from the Department of Poultry Science at ...
Susceptibility of Poultry to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus - Volume 15, Number 12-December 2009 - Emerging Infectious Diseases...
Susceptibility of Poultry to Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2009;15(12):2061-2063. doi:10.3201/ ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ... Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(12), 2061-2063. https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1512.091060.. ...
Mycotoxins: Unpredictable Contributors to Development of Infectious Diseases - The Poultry Site
Gumboro disease or Mareks disease have all been specifically linked to the disease. ... The PoultrySite - Poultry News, Health, Welfare, Diseases, Markets and Economics. 5m Publishing, Benchmark House, 8 Smithy Wood ... Further research will be necessary to investigate the effects of mycotoxins on infectious diseases and to develop practical, ... Mycotoxins may alter animals susceptibility to infectious diseases by affecting intestinal health and the innate and adaptive ...
Identification of Cyclospora in Poultry - Volume 2, Number 4-October 1996 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
Identification of Cyclospora in Poultry. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 1996;2(4):356-357. doi:10.3201/eid0204.960414.. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control ... All these are diagnostic features of C. cayetanensis (8) and to our knowledge are not described for any known poultry coccidia. ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
Enrofloxacin in Poultry and Human Health - Volume 12, Number 5-May 2006 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
Collignon P, Cox L. Enrofloxacin in Poultry and Human Health. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(5):872-873. doi:10.3201/ ... Collignon, P., & Cox, L. (2006). Enrofloxacin in Poultry and Human Health. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(5), 872-873. https ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
Control of Avian Influenza in Poultry - Volume 12, Number 9-September 2006 - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
Several aspects of the disease lack scientific information, which has hampered the management of some recent crises. Millions ... we review the available control methods for avian influenza infections in poultry, from stamping out to prevention through ... has become a disease of great importance for animal and human health. ... Capua I, Marangon S. Control of Avian Influenza in Poultry. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(9):1319-1324. doi:10.3201/ ...
Poland, poultry and salmonella | Infectious Diseases 2020 | Infectious diseases | Poultrymed
Infectious Diseases 2016 Infectious Diseases 2015 Infectious Diseases 2014 Infectious Diseases 2013 Infectious Diseases 2012 ... Infectious Diseases 2011 Infectious Diseases 2010 Infectious Diseases 2009 Infectious Diseases 2008 Infectious Diseases 2007 ... Infectious Diseases 2020 Infectious Diseases 2019 Infectious Diseases 2018 Infectious Diseases 2017 Read More ... Home>Infectious diseases>Infectious Diseases 2020>Poland, poultry and salmonella. Poland, poultry and salmonella. 9 May, 2020 A ...
Welcome to CDC stacks | Campylobacter Infection in Poultry-Processing Workers, Virginia, USA, 2008-2011 - 18964 | Emerging...
Welcome to CDC stacks | Influenza A(H7N7) Virus among Poultry Workers, Italy, 2013 - 40871 | Emerging Infectious Diseases
Influenza A(H7N7) Virus Among Poultry Workers, Italy, 2013 Influenza Virus Italy Letter Letters To The Editor Outbreak Poultry ... During an influenza A(H7N7) virus outbreak among poultry in Italy during August-September 2013, infection with a highly ... H7 subtype influenza viruses represent a persistent public health threat because of their continued detection in poultry and ... pathogenic A(H7N7) avian influenza virus was diagnosed for 3 poultry workers with conjunctivitis. Genetic analyses revealed ...
INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE IN POULTRY - Small and backyard poultry
INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE IN POULTRY. Written by: Dr. Jacquie Jacob, University of Kentucky ... Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is a highly contagious virus that affects chickens. The bursa is important in the development ... The virus is shed in poultry droppings and can be spread on dust particles in the air. Alternative names for the disease ... Infectious avian nephrosis. CLINICAL SIGNS. Chicks less than three weeks old do not typically show clinical signs of this ...
infectious bronchitis Archives - POULTRY DISEASES SYMPTOMS PICTURES & Videos
... diseasescrossdiseasesfalse layerhealthibvimagesinfectiousinfectious bronchitislayerlesionspicturespoultrypoultry diseases ... bronchitischickenchicken farmingclinicaldiseaseseducationfarmfarmingibinfectious bronchitislearningpoultrypoultry diseases ... Posted in All Poultry Diseases Pictures, Infectious BronchitisTagged , bellybronchitischickenchicken ... Infectious Bronchitis Pictures in Layer Hens. Infectious bronchitis, IB is the highly contagious disease of major economic ...
New vaccine protects poultry from three infectious diseases - Vet Advantage
A new vaccine from Boehringer Ingelheim can protect poultry against Mareks Disease, infectious bursal disease and Newcastle ... animal health business has launched a vaccine that can protect poultry from Mareks Disease, infectious bursal disease and ... Veterinarians and poultry producers now have an easier way to protect their flocks against three serious diseases. ... "Disease prevention through vaccination is key to ensure better bird health, resulting in bird performance and safety," said ...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20038595 - Non-cancer mortality in poultry slaughtering/processing plant workers belonging to...
Humans are commonly exposed to transmissible agents that infect and cause a wide variety of subacute and chronic diseases in ... The objective of this study is to investigate whether these agents cause similar diseases in humans, by studying workers in ... The role of the biological environment in the occurrence of many chronic human diseases has been little studied. ... Results: Excess mortality from infectious and parasitic diseases was observed in the poultry workers. In addition, excess ...
A Textbook of Veterinary Special Pathology : Infectious Diseases of Livestock and Poultry
Infectious Diseases of Livestock and Poultry Authors : J.L. Vegad , A.K. Katiyar Publisher: International Book Distributing Co ... Infectious Diseases of Livestock and Poultry A Textbook of Veterinary Special Pathology: Infectious Diseases of Livestock and ... april, book, color, diseases, elib4vet, infectious, infectious diseases, international, lives, livestock, pathology, pathology: ... Thread: A Textbook of Veterinary Special Pathology : Infectious Diseases of Livestock and Poultry ...
Gabr Fikri Hussein El-Bagoury|Publications:Infectious bursal disease virus detection among Egyptian poultry flocks I- detection...
Infectious bursal disease virus detection among Egyptian poultry flocks I- detection and isolation of the virus, Veterinary ... Infectious bursal disease virus detection among Egyptian poultry flocks I- detection and isolation of the virus, Veterinary ... You are in:Home/Publications/Infectious bursal disease virus detection among Egyptian poultry flocks I- detection and isolation ...
Outbreaks of Human Salmonella Infections Associated with Live Poultry, United States, 1990-2014 - Volume 22, Number 10-October...
LPAS outbreaks were defined as ≥2 culture-confirmed human Salmonella infections linked to live poultry contact. Outbreak data ... High-risk practices included keeping poultry inside households (46% of case-patients) and kissing birds (13%). Comprehensive ... Backyard poultry flocks have increased in popularity concurrent with an increase in live poultry-associated salmonellosis (LPAS ... One Health strategies are needed to prevent illnesses associated with live poultry. ...
Infectious bursal disease virus - Kannan Ganapathy (University of Liverpool) - Poultry Health Course
... control and prevention of poultry diseases, in particular infectious respiratory diseases. His research focuses on avian ... Poultry Health Course. A unique programme for the poultry health and industry professionals of tomorrow, delivered by leading ... Describe the taxonomy and structural and molecular characteristics of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) virus. ... aMPV and Newcastle disease virus (NDV). The group also undertakes worldwide epidemiological studies on infectious ...
An outbreak of illness in poultry and humans in 16th century Indonesia | The Medical Journal of Australia
Hematologic diseases. *History and humanities. *Immune system diseases. *Indigenous health. *Infectious diseases ... The cause of the illness remains unresolved; it may have been infectious or non-infectious. Isolation of the region because of ... An obscure Portuguese document from 16th century Indonesia describes an illness that destroyed poultry before devastating the ... An outbreak of illness in poultry and humans in 16th century Indonesia. ...
CISDOC - The lingering threat of avian flu
public OSH institutions; role of government; laboratory work; WHO; contagion; outdoor work; infectious diseases; personal ... Workers at risk include poultry farmers, health care and laboratory workers, veterinarians, waste disposal workers, persons in ... According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a global outbreak of easily transmissible influenza such as ... avian influenza; infection control; virus diseases; zoonoses. Descriptors (secondary). ...
ND+ IBD Vaccines in Live Vaccines,Poultry,Swine,Large Animals,Newcastle Disease & Infectious Bronchitis Vaccine
Infectious Bronchitis Vaccine, The vaccine against avian infectiou Newcastle disease (ND) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) ... and infectious bursal disease(BG) inactivated with formaldehyde in a mix with an oil adjuvant Montanide. ... The vaccine against avian infectiou Newcastle disease (ND) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) inactivated. Form of ... and infectious bursal disease(BG) inactivated with formaldehyde in a mix with an oil adjuvant Montanide. Get Quote Get a Call ...
Toxins | Free Full-Text | The Impact of Fusarium Mycotoxins on Human and Animal Host Susceptibility to Infectious Diseases
... necrotic enteritis in poultry, enteric septicemia of catfish, swine respiratory disease, aspergillosis in poultry and rabbits, ... Although the impact of the exposure of humans to Fusarium toxins on infectious diseases is less well known, extrapolation from ... of knowledge about the impact of Fusarium mycotoxin exposure on human and animal host susceptibility to infectious diseases. On ... Well-known examples include coccidiosis in poultry, salmonellosis in pigs and mice, colibacillosis in pigs, ...
Biocontainment Laboratory-George Mason University National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases | NIH: National...
The RBL supports research programs in the National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases focusing on host response ... The George Mason University National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases Biomedical Research Laboratory (BRL) is one ... Poultry. Animal Models, List Species, Disease and Delivery Method. Models Currently Available. Famliy. Genus. Species. Strain. ... The RBL supports research programs in the National Center for Biodefense and Infectious Diseases focusing on host response ...
Hong Kong reports bird flu outbreak - Health - Infectious diseases | NBC News
... prompting the city to suspend poultry imports for 21 days and begin slaughtering 80,000 birds, an official said Tuesday. ... Next story in Infectious diseases CDC: Boomers should be tested for hepatitis C ... 3 dead chickens test positive for H5 virus; city suspends poultry imports Below:. * * x Jump to text Three dead chickens tested ... He added that the 21-day ban on poultry imports would last through the Christmas holiday, a time when chicken is an important ...
PigProgress - FDA: guidance on use of antimicrobials in pigs, poultry
Changing Trend of Infectious Diseases in Nepal | SpringerLink
Many infectious/communicable diseases (IDs) are endemic in Nepal. Until a decade and half ago, IDs were the major cause of both ... The Poultry Site News Desk. http://www.thepoultrysite.com/poultrynews/32348/nepal-declares-freedom-from-h5n1-avian-flu/. ... Rai S.K. (2018) Changing Trend of Infectious Diseases in Nepal. In: Adhikari R., Thapa S. (eds) Infectious Diseases and ... one of the neglected infectious diseases in Nepal. In: Proceedings of first international conference on infectious diseases and ...
Professor Mark Eisler - Bristol Veterinary School publications
Viruses in Chickens in Retail Poultry Shops, Pakistan, 2009-2010 . Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol 21., pp. 673 ... Reassortant Avian Influenza A(H9N2) Viruses in Chickens in Retail Poultry Shops, Pakistan, 2009-2010. Citation. Chaudhry, M, ... Phylogenetic analysis of influenza viruses collected during December 2009-February 2010 from chickens in live poultry retail ...
Rising Salmonella infections tied to backyard poultry flocks | Reuters
... the study authors write in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, include keeping birds away from young children, the ... adding thats probably because new chicken owners arent aware of those diseases, or that live poultry can spread them.But ... usa.gov/O8ngKsProspective buyers of new chicks or poultry should recognize that the birds can have Salmonella or other diseases ... and Environmental Diseases at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta.She and her colleagues reviewed ...
How is influenza prevented among poultry and swine workers?
... it has been recommended that poultry worke... more ... Drugs & Diseases , Infectious Diseases , Influenza Q&A How is ... Infectious Diseases Society of America, Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, and Phi Beta Kappa ... Division of Infectious Diseases and Pulmonary/Critical Care Medicine, Infectious Diseases Consultant and Hospitalist, ... Infectious Disease Society for Obstetrics and Gynecology, InfectiousDiseases Societyof America, Louisiana State Medical Society ...
Inferring the potential risks of H7N9 infection by spatiotemporally characterizing bird migration and poultry distribution in...
Therefore, it is necessary to regulate the poultry markets as long as the poultry-to-poultry transmission is not so well ... In the study of risk caused by poultry distribution, poultry distribution matrix was created to show the probability of poultry ... Then, we adopted a computational mobility model to estimate poultry distribution based on annual poultry production and ... the risk caused by poultry distribution, and (iii) the integrated risk caused by both bird migration and poultry distribution. ...
SalmonellaBursal disease virusOutbreaksFlocksBronchitisOutbreak2016SalmonellosisPathogensSwineLive poultry marketsMarek's DiseaseBroilerTurkeysChickenBacteriaVeterinaryAntimicrobialDomestic poultrySusceptibility to Infectious DiseasesVaccinesNewcastle Disease2020SlaughterHusbandryEpidemiologicalGumboroDucks2002VaccinationContagiousParasiticParasitesCoccidiosisImportant infectious diseasesZoonosisKeep poultryNecrotic enteritisBackyardCaring for live poultryNational Poultry Improvement PlanStrainsVirusMicrobialPigs
- Salmonella in poultry, whether we're talking about chickens or ducks, or even geese or turkeys, go together - its' something that's a normal germ found in the intestinal tracts of the birds," Barton Behravesh said. (reuters.com)
- The researchers report that 45 outbreaks of salmonellosis (Salmonella infection) in humans due to contact with live poultry were reported from 1996 to 2012. (reuters.com)
- Barton Behravesh said most people know that handling raw poultry meat in the kitchen can be a problem, but many people don't know the live birds can carry salmonella that can make people sick. (reuters.com)
- From surveys that we've done, we've noticed that not many people are concerned about Salmonella, influenza, or Campylobacter," Bender said, adding that's probably because new chicken owners aren't aware of those diseases, or that live poultry can spread them. (reuters.com)
- Prospective buyers of new chicks or poultry should recognize that the birds can have Salmonella or other diseases, and that hand washing is important, Bender said. (reuters.com)
- Ideally a source that has a Salmonella control program or is part of the National Poultry Improvement Plan, which basically is a plan that says 'we're trying to raise the healthiest birds possible'," he said. (reuters.com)
- Support for every step of your Salmonella test workflow with validated tests for primary production stages, poultry meat, egg and environmental samples. (thermofisher.com)
- This study aims to fabricate cold plasma treated thyme essential oil (TO)/silk fibroin (SF) nanofibers to inhibit Salmonella Typhimurium in poultry meat. (medworm.com)
- A common concern is the transmission of Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria from live poultry to humans. (toronto.ca)
- Live poultry are known to carry Salmonella and Campylobacter bacteria in their droppings and on their bodies even when they appear healthy and clean. (toronto.ca)
- The plan provides for the testing for diseases such as Salmonella pullorum at poultry- producing facilities and to inspect these facilities for proper sanitation. (illinois.gov)
- An LPAS outbreak was defined as two or more culture-confirmed human Salmonella infections that could be linked to live poultry contact by epidemiological, laboratory or traceback evidence. (healio.com)
- Mail-order hatcheries, agricultural feed stores, public health officials, local and federal departments of agriculture, pediatricians, and veterinarians can all help to spread awareness about the association between live poultry and Salmonella infections. (healio.com)
- Bactericidal bacteriophages may provide a natural, nontoxic, feasible and non-expensive component of the multi-factorial approach for a pre-harvest control of Salmonella in poultry. (scielo.br)
- SE is the most frequently isolated Salmonella from poultry products in Brazil. (scielo.br)
- Outbreaks of Human Salmonella Infections Associated with Live Poultry, United States, 1990-2014. (medscape.com)
- Colin Basler] This biggest problem is that, as backyard flocks become more popular, we are seeing more Salmonella outbreaks linked to contact with live poultry, such as chicks and ducklings. (cdc.gov)
- Between 1990 and 2014 there were 53 outbreaks of Salmonella linked to backyard poultry. (cdc.gov)
- It is also important for backyard poultry owners to know that Salmonella can live in the intestines of chickens and can survive on feathers for some time. (cdc.gov)
- Baby poultry, such as chicks and ducklings, are often linked to Salmonella illness outbreaks because they may shed or excrete Salmonella in greater amounts than adults when stressed. (cdc.gov)
- Colin Basler] We decided to do this study because we were seeing more Salmonella illness outbreaks associated with backyard poultry. (cdc.gov)
- Colin Basler] Unfortunately, we are still seeing Salmonella outbreaks linked to live poultry. (cdc.gov)
- Forty two percent of the respondents in our study reported that they didn't know of the connection between poultry contact and Salmonella . (cdc.gov)
- 6. Antunes P Ren C, Sousa J C, Peixe L, Pestana N 2002 Incidence of Salmonella from poultry products and their susceptibility to antimicrobial agents. (scielo.org.za)
- Salmonella infections in poultry occur worldwide. (merckvetmanual.com)
- S . Heidelberg, one of the most invasive of all Salmonella serotypes, has surfaced to importance causing significant economic loss to poultry industry, including turkeys. (umn.edu)
- has been one of the common Salmonella associated with poultry, including turkeys (Jackson et al. (umn.edu)
- Due to people with sickle-cell disease being at increased risk for developing osteomyelitis from the Salmonella , fluoroquinolones are the "drugs of choice" due to their ability to enter bone tissue without chelating it, as tetracyclines are known to do. (wikipedia.org)
- Poultry-Associated Salmonella enterica subsp. (asm.org)
- The purchase and preparation of poultry-which is often heavily infected with Salmonella -present a particular danger. (britannica.com)
- If poultry is purchased while it is deep-frozen and then not fully thawed before it is cooked, there is a good chance that insufficient heat penetration will allow the Salmonella -which thrive in the cold-to survive in the meat's centre and infect the people who eat it. (britannica.com)
- In recent years, several human Salmonella outbreaks associated with live poultry contact have been reported to the CDC. (cdc.gov)
- It's common for chickens, ducks, and other poultry to carry Salmonella, which is a type of germ that naturally lives in the intestines of many animals and is shed in their droppings or feces. (cdc.gov)
- Live poultry may have Salmonella germs in their droppings and on their bodies (including feathers, feet, and beaks) even when they appear healthy and clean. (cdc.gov)
- How do I reduce the risk of Salmonella infection from live poultry? (cdc.gov)
- For more information, visit CDC's Risk of Human Salmonella Infections from Live Baby Poultry feature and the Healthy Pets Healthy People web site. (cdc.gov)
Bursal disease virus4
- Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes a highly immunosuppressive disease in chickens. (asm.org)
- Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a pathogen of major economic importance in the poultry industry worldwide. (asm.org)
- Biosecurity New Zealand is supporting the egg and chicken meat industries to manage a strain of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) at a poultry rearing and layer egg farm in Otago. (biosecurity.govt.nz)
- Testing by the egg and poultry industries, Biosecurity New Zealand and a specialist overseas laboratory confirmed the presence of the chicken virus infectious bursal disease virus type 1 (IBDV-1) in layer hens at a South Island egg farm in September 2019. (biosecurity.govt.nz)
- On the basis of data generated in recent outbreaks and in light of new OIE regulations and maintenance of animal welfare, we review the available control methods for avian influenza infections in poultry, from stamping out to prevention through emergency and prophylactic vaccination. (cdc.gov)
- Compared with the number reported for the past 40 years, the number of outbreaks of AI in poultry has increased sharply during the past 5 years. (cdc.gov)
- On the other hand, though sporadic, outbreaks of endemic diseases together with HIV-TB coinfection and infection with drug resistance microbes during recent years have constituted a serious public health as well as medical problem. (springer.com)
- The increasing popularity of backyard poultry flocks has been associated with an increase in salmonellosis outbreaks that have particularly impacted children, according to a study that examined all reported cases of salmonellosis in the United States during a 25-year period. (healio.com)
- The researchers searched PulseNet, CDC databases and PubMed to collect data on live poultry-associated salmonellosis (LPAS) outbreaks that occurred in the United States from 1990 to 2014. (healio.com)
- The researchers noted that half of the respondents owned poultry for less than 1 year, suggesting that the increase in outbreaks could be linked to poultry owners' unfamiliarity with appropriate husbandry practices. (healio.com)
- Outbreaks of avian influenza (AI) remain an ongoing threat to the commercial poultry industry globally. (biomedcentral.com)
- Whilst outbreaks of AI in commercial poultry production systems in the developed world are infrequent, an average of two to three cases of H5/H7 are reported in the US annually, in addition to other LPAI subtypes, hence AI outbreaks remain an on-going threat to the commercial poultry production industry. (biomedcentral.com)
- The purpose of the present study was to quantify the relationship between climate factors and outbreaks of avian cholera in subtropical areas of China, Guangxi, in order to provide information for veterinary professionals and relevant industries operating in this area that may enable better disease control and prevention, and in particular to inform and improve the forecasting of avian cholera outbreaks and likely fluctuations in incidence. (scielo.br)
- A One Health approach has been very important for investigating and preventing outbreaks associated with backyard poultry. (cdc.gov)
- 2016 was a record breaking year with almost 900 people getting sick and three deaths reported in eight separate outbreaks linked to backyard poultry. (cdc.gov)
- Unless people are informed about how to own and care for backyard poultry in a way which keeps them and their families healthy, these outbreaks will continue to happen. (cdc.gov)
- Subtyping food-borne pathogens is an approach often applied to facilitate the epidemiological investigation of outbreaks of gastrointestinal disease and to identify the source of entry into the food chain. (asm.org)
- In 2018, outbreaks and detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses such as A(H5N1), A(H5N2), AH(H5N5), A(H5N6) or A(H5N8) continued to affect poultry and wild and captured birds worldwide, but on a lower scale than in 2017. (europa.eu)
- Between 16 November 2018 and 15 February 2019, two HPAI A(H5N8) outbreaks in poultry establishments in Bulgaria, two HPAI A(H5N6) outbreaks in wild birds in Denmark and one low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H5N3) in captive birds in the Netherlands were reported in the EU. (europa.eu)
- The risk of disease outbreaks is greatly increased by these factors - which have directly contributed to the emergence of bird flu, swine flu and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS). (animalsaustralia.org)
- Increasing infections and poultry based outbreaks enforced the poultry market players to adopt technologies and ensure safe practices. (bccresearch.com)
- On pilgrimages and in wars, improvised feeding and sanitation lead to outbreaks of such intestinal infections as dysentery , cholera , and typhoid fever , and sometimes more have died in war from these diseases than have been killed in the fighting. (britannica.com)
- The virus occurs worldwide, and despite intensive vaccination regimes, outbreaks of disease occur frequently, and various variants of IBDV occur, each with a different virulence. (au-ibar.org)
- Infectious bronchitis, IB is the highly contagious disease of major economic importance in commercial chicken flocks throughout the world. (fieldcasestudy.com)
- Veterinarians and poultry producers now have an easier way to protect their flocks against three serious diseases. (vet-advantage.com)
- NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - People who keep small poultry flocks may be at an increased risk for salmonellosis, but the infections are preventable, researchers say. (reuters.com)
- In most family flocks, disease is an important problem. (fao.org)
- Backyard flocks of live poultry have become increasingly popular during the past decade for a range of reasons, including concerns about the environment, animal welfare and food production. (healio.com)
- Traditionally, control of campylobacter in poultry production has focused on avoiding chicken flocks to get infected from the environment. (dtu.dk)
- Various types of IBDV, including the type 1 strain, are present in commercial flocks around the world and people continue to safely consume eggs, poultry meat and meat products. (biosecurity.govt.nz)
- The epidemiology of Eimeria species in poultry flocks is important to increase the effectiveness of vaccinations and prophylactic strategies on chicken farms. (usda.gov)
- These viruses may cause acute disease in susceptible flocks over the entire growing period of broilers, with the virus also present in non-bursal and haematopoetic organs, such as the thymus, spleen and bone marrow. (au-ibar.org)
- All commercial poultry breeding flocks are under a surveillance program to confirm infection-free status. (usda.gov)
- IB, Infectious Bronchitis Field Case Study A broiler chicken farm has a very high daily mortality rate at the age of 24 days due to a respiratory disease. (fieldcasestudy.com)
- Infectious Bronchitis Pictures in Layer Hens. (fieldcasestudy.com)
- His research focuses on avian respiratory pathogens and vaccines, especially on infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and avian metapneumovirus (aMPV). (poultryhealthcourse.com)
- More prolonged respiratory disorders are usually caused by diseases such as ND, Infectious Bronchitis (IB), Infectious Laryngotracheitis (ILT), Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD) and diphtheria. (fao.org)
- KUALA LUMPUR: The Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) has swung into action to contain the infectious bronchitis (IB) outbreak which has left thousands of poultry chicken dead, says Agriculture and Agro-based Industry Ministry deputy secretary-general (policy) Mohd Sallehhuddin Hassan. (thestar.com.my)
- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a global outbreak of easily transmissible influenza such as the H5N1 virus avian flu is likely within a few years. (ilo.org)
- In 2001, the government also carried out a massive poultry slaughter, killing 306,000 birds in wholesale and retail markets and 951,000 in local farms to eradicate an outbreak of bird flu. (nbcnews.com)
- Rai SK, Matsumura T, Ono K et al (2001) Intestinal parasitoses in an "unknown disease outbreak" hit rural hilly area in western Nepal. (springer.com)
- To identify common practices and risk factors, the researchers analyzed data from a standardized live poultry exposure questionnaire that has been administered to case-patients or their parents/guardians who were part of 21 multistate outbreak investigations from 2008 to 2013. (healio.com)
- They also consider the crucial role of information networks, such as the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN), coordinated by the WHO, in broadcasting timely disease alerts to the worldwide health community. (nap.edu)
- In 2015, a major outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) infection devastated poultry facilities in Minnesota, USA. (usgs.gov)
- Once thought to be exclusively a veterinary problem, it was identified as a human disease in 1981 when a Canadian outbreak was linked to tainted cole slaw made from cabbage grown in soil fertilized with Listeria-infected sheep manure. (hubpages.com)
- 27 November, 2020 Belgium has reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic H5N5 avian influenza on a poultry farm. (poultrymed.com)
- PARIS, Oct 31, 2013 (AFP) - Closing live poultry markets, though a huge economic setback, is a sure-fire way of curbing the deadly H7N9 bird flu in case of an outbreak, disease control researchers said Thursday. (thestar.com.my)
- The first new zoonotic disease outbreak of the 21st century was a coronavirus named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) . (animalsaustralia.org)
- Movement into a new environment often is followed by an outbreak of infectious disease. (britannica.com)
- Well-known examples include coccidiosis in poultry, salmonellosis in pigs and mice, colibacillosis in pigs, necrotic enteritis in poultry, enteric septicemia of catfish, swine respiratory disease, aspergillosis in poultry and rabbits, reovirus infection in mice and Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus infection in pigs. (mdpi.com)
- The primary sources of salmonellosis are food-producing animals, such as poultry, pigs, and cattle ( 30 ). (asm.org)
- As globalization renders national and geographic boundaries increasingly permeable to pathogens, infectious disease control necessitates international cooperation and coordination. (nap.edu)
- This interaction offers the opportunity for the emergence and spread of disease agents (chemicals, pathogens, etc.) that could adversely impact animal or human health or both. (biomedcentral.com)
- Another potential benefit of using them as probiotics is their use as alternative medicines against infectious parasitic pathogens such as Eimeria in broiler chickens. (wikipedia.org)
- Historically, human seasonal influenza A viruses have not been reported to infect poultry, but clinical cases of respiratory disease or reduction in egg production have been reported for domestic turkeys after infection with subtypes H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 swine influenza viruses and for multiple poultry species with subtype H1N1 avian influenza virus ( 2 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
- Infection with swine influenza viruses in turkeys has been frequently reported, and experimental intranasal inoculation studies using 5 such viruses have produced infection and disease with associated contact transmission to uninfected turkeys ( 3 , 4 , 6 ). (cdc.gov)
- How is influenza prevented among poultry and swine workers? (medscape.com)
- Campylobacters are found in the large intestine in animals, primarily poultry, but also in bovine animals and swine, and can also be found in the environment. (dtu.dk)
- Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as pseudorabies. (usda.gov)
- Non-commercial swine: swine managed under biosecurity conditions that allow for potential exposure to feral swine that may be infected with swine diseases, such as brucellosis. (usda.gov)
Live poultry markets2
- In this Journal, the discovery of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance gene mcr-3 in poultry fecal samples from China live poultry markets (LPMs) has been recently reported (1, 2). (medworm.com)
- Chao-tan, Guo 2012-10-01 00:00:00 Four H7N3 avian influenza viruses (AIVs) were isolated from domestic ducks in live-poultry markets in Zhejiang Province, Eastern China, in 2011. (deepdyve.com)
- While anything that causes intestinal irritation can lead to necrotic enteritis, stress, intestinal disease (particularly coccidiosis), intestinal parasites (especially round worms), and immune suppression by mold toxins (mycotoxins), chicken anaemia virus, Gumboro disease or Marek's disease have all been specifically linked to the disease. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Boehringer Ingelheim announced January 6 that its U.S. animal health business has launched a vaccine that can protect poultry from Marek's Disease, infectious bursal disease and Newcastle disease. (vet-advantage.com)
- Marek's disease in a chicken showing irregular margins of the pupils with grayish color change. (merckvetmanual.com)
- The group also undertakes worldwide epidemiological studies on infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT), avian influenza H9N2, Mycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg) and Mycoplasma synoviae (Ms). In recent years, Dr Ganapathy has been consulted on various issues related to diagnosis, control and prevention of infectious diseases in broiler, layer and breeder farms in Asia, Middle East and Europe. (poultryhealthcourse.com)
- To determine infectivity potential, 3-week-old chickens ( Gallus domesticus ) (n = 11), 2-week-old domestic ducks ( Anas platyrhynchos ) (n = 11), 73-week-old reproductively active turkey hens ( Meleagris gallopavo ) (n = 9), 3-week-old turkey poults (n = 11), and 5-week-old Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica ) (n = 11) were intranasally inoculated with 10 6 mean chicken embryo infectious doses of A/Mexico/4108/2009(H1N1). (cdc.gov)
- So far, however, a possible infection route involving poultry, whether it may be direct consumption of undercooked chicken meat, contamination of food and water sources with chicken feces, or both, remains to be determined. (cdc.gov)
- It is an acute disease in chicken. (fieldcasestudy.com)
- He added that the 21-day ban on poultry imports would last through the Christmas holiday, a time when chicken is an important dish in celebratory dinners. (nbcnews.com)
- Those with impaired immune systems may catch the disease from undercooked chicken. (hubpages.com)
- Ramanan Laxminarayan, director of the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, Washington DC and New Delhi, says most of the poultry feed available in the Indian market is medicated, but the majority of farmers were unaware of the presence of antibiotic growth promoters premixed in chicken feed. (hindustantimes.com)
- In an interview to IndiaSpend, Laxminarayan talked of the consumer's role in reforming the poultry industry, particularly because of the fast-growing popularity of chicken in India and a 312% antibiotic-use increase projected for livestock. (hindustantimes.com)
- Consumers abroad are aware of concepts like free-range chicken farming and pastured poultry which require that animals be reared ethically. (hindustantimes.com)
- Industry testing of all layer and meat chicken farms that are members of the Poultry Industry Association (PIANZ) and the Egg Producers Federation (EPF) has been completed. (biosecurity.govt.nz)
- A poultry feces is a potential source of antibiotic resistant bacteria. (thefreelibrary.com)
- But those bacteria could colonize you, and then use you to either colonize or infect (cause disease) other people or to spread resistance genes to previously sensitive bacteria (which then could cause hard to treat disease). (scienceblogs.com)
- Diseases caused by the invasion of a pathogen, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. (omicsonline.org)
- Poultry is a significant source of infectious diseases caused by this bacteria. (dtu.dk)
- Thus, overcrowded cities or densely populated areas of cities can potentially serve as breeding grounds for infectious agents, which may facilitate their evolution, particularly in the case of viruses and bacteria. (britannica.com)
- The awards provide graduate research opportunities for veterinary students in the specialty areas of veterinary pathology and microbiology in the field of infectious diseases. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Her veterinary background is concentrated in pathology and avian diseases. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Currently, she is enrolled in the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine's combined residency/PhD program in anatomic pathology, with a poultry emphasis. (thepoultrysite.com)
- She hopes to become a veterinary pathologist and poultry veterinarian who helps contribute to the poultry industry and veterinary medicine. (thepoultrysite.com)
- A unique programme for the poultry health and industry professionals of tomorrow, delivered by leading experts from academia, government, the veterinary profession and the poultry industry. (poultryhealthcourse.com)
- nbspInactivated Vaccines Manufacturer for Veterinary  Poultry Feed Supplement Suppliers Poultry Feed Dealers Animal Feed Dealers Cattle Feed Retailers Cattle Feed Manufacturers Poultry Feed Manufacturers Animal Feed Manufacturers Cattle Feed Wholesalers  HALAL health and feed supplements for poultry, large animal, Aqua. (euroasiachemicals.com)
- Recently she is working with the Center for Disease control and the Veterinary Diagnostic Lab to find answers to the devastating avian flu crisis. (umn.edu)
- Antimicrobial agents are used in food animals, including from aquaculture, companion animals and horticulture to treat or prevent disease. (who.int)
- Antimicrobial drug resistance was investigated for Escherichia coli from broilers raised on feed supplemented with antimicrobials, and the people who carry out evisceration, washing and packing of intestines in a high-throughput poultry abattoir in Gauteng, South Africa. (scielo.org.za)
- In contrast to other poultry-associated serovars, all strains were susceptible to 17 antimicrobial agents tested and did not encode any resistance determinant. (asm.org)
- 29 November, 2020 South Korea on confirmed this year's first case of highly pathogenic avian influenza among domestic poultry at a duck farm in a southwestern province. (poultrymed.com)
- It marked the first confirmed case of highly pathogenic AI detected among domestic poultry in the country this year. (poultrymed.com)
Susceptibility to Infectious Diseases1
- He has studied the interactions between live viral vaccines of IBV, aMPV and Newcastle disease virus (NDV). (poultryhealthcourse.com)
- Although IBDV strains of different antigenic types have been incorporated into vaccines, IBDV remains a major problem for the poultry industry. (asm.org)
- Many attempts have been made to express the structural proteins of IBDV as subunit vaccines for the control of this disease. (asm.org)
- strengthening disease monitoring and surveillance, effective vaccines and vaccination strategies along with other control measures including of treatment are of utmost importance. (scialert.net)
- The development of marker vaccines that provide the ability to distinguish between vaccinal and infectious antibodies, would allow monitoring of the epidemiological field situation. (au-ibar.org)
- Please see the AHPC library for further information on this disease from OIE, including the International Animal Health Code and the Manual of Standards for Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines. (au-ibar.org)
- The vaccine against avian infectiou Newcastle disease (ND) and infectious bursal disease (IBD) inactivated. (euroasiachemicals.com)
- Almost every farmer and most extension workers hold Newcastle Disease (ND) responsible for most deaths, and the disease has a local name in all languages. (fao.org)
- However, not all infectious diseases are due to the Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV). (fao.org)
- By using the reverse genetics approach, we devised a recombinant Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vector from a commonly used vaccine strain LaSota to express the host-protective immunogen VP2 of a variant IBDV strain GLS-5. (asm.org)
- 1 December, 2020 Avian influenza was discovered at a poultry farm in Hyuga city in Miyazaki prefecture in southwestern Japan. (poultrymed.com)
- International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2020 30 November, 2020 Following an initial reduction in human campylobacteriosis in New Zealand after the implementation of poultry food chain-focused interventions during 2006-2008, further decline has been relatively small. (poultrymed.com)
- 24 November, 2020 Dutch authorities have culled some 190,000 chickens after a HPAI broke out in at least two poultry farms. (poultrymed.com)
- That prompted the government to slaughter all 1.5 million poultry in the territory. (nbcnews.com)
- Rabbits of different ages may have to be killed on‐farm for purposes other than slaughter (where slaughter is defined as killing for human consumption) either individually or on a large scale (e.g. for production reasons or for disease control). (europa.eu)
- The killing of poultry for human consumption (slaughtering) can take place in a slaughterhouse or during on‐farm slaughter. (europa.eu)
- On this background, the tool calculates the probability of different loads of campylobacter in the poultry flock at slaughter time by using various control methods. (dtu.dk)
- For example, upon learning that people who become sick were keeping poultry in their homes, including in their bedrooms, we provided public health messages encouraging people to practice good husbandry practices for raising poultry, including housing them in their own coop instead of keeping them in the house. (cdc.gov)
- Vaccination is the principal method used for the control of infectious bursal disease in chickens. (asm.org)
- A better understanding of how to improve infectious disease communication strategies may help increase vaccination rates. (medscape.com)
- In connection with a Ph.D. project at the National Food Industry, Technical University of Denmark, tools which may contribute to a future effective vaccination strategy in poultry production were developed. (dtu.dk)
- In her Ph.D. project, Ana Belén García Clavero developed a PC tool for decision support for selecting a vaccination strategy against campylobacter in poultry production. (dtu.dk)
- Campylobacter vaccination of poultry: Clinical trials, quantitative microbiological methods and decision support tools for the control of campylobacter in poultry (pdf). (dtu.dk)
- Despite continuous efforts against animal diseases like Rinderpest, Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) and Foot-and-mouth disease, Rinderpest (cattle plague) is the only one that is successfully eradicated till date in India. (scialert.net)
- Infectious diseases also known as contagious diseases, transmissible diseases or communicable diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms that infect a host organism and can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one organism to another. (omicsonline.org)
Important infectious diseases2
- Viral diseases are some of the most important infectious diseases affecting poultry. (fao.org)
- In view of above facts, this is right time to discuss the strategies for combating and eradicating important infectious diseases of animals with particular reference to India, achievements of global rinderpest eradication programme and reasons thereof and possibly apply lessons while planning for the future activities. (scialert.net)
- Sarah Gregory] Today, I'm talking with Dr. Colin Basler, an epidemiologist with CDC, about keeping live poultry in the backyard. (cdc.gov)
- Colin Basler] Over the past 25 years, backyard poultry ownership has become more popular across the United States. (cdc.gov)
- Most people are keeping chickens and other poultry in pens and coops in their backyard. (cdc.gov)
- What is it and how does it relate to people getting sick from their backyard poultry? (cdc.gov)
- Identified sporadically in backyard poultry and in live-bird-markets that serve local ethnic communities. (usda.gov)
- Along with the benefits of backyard chickens and other poultry, it is important to consider the risk of illness, especially for children, which can result from handling live poultry or anything in the area where they live and roam. (cdc.gov)
Caring for live poultry1
National Poultry Improvement Plan1
- The virus is shed in poultry droppings and can be spread on dust particles in the air. (extension.org)
- Describe the taxonomy and structural and molecular characteristics of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) virus. (poultryhealthcourse.com)
- Vaccine is made of the extraembryonic liquid of embryos of hens, homogenate of carcasses and culture of cells of fibroblast of embryos of SPF-hens infected with the ND virus(La-Sota) and infectious bursal disease(BG) inactivated with formaldehyde in a mix with an oil adjuvant Montanide. (euroasiachemicals.com)
- Despite this progress, until the issues surrounding the H5N1 virus sharing are resolved, the IHR 2005 "remain a valuable but potential framework within which to address infectious diseases across international borders," Heymann asserts. (nap.edu)
- Ebola Virus Disease in Children, Sierra Leone, 2014-2015. (medscape.com)
- The novel Eurasian highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAI A (H5N8) virus spread rapidly and globally during 2014, substantially affecting poultry populations. (cdc.gov)
- Some of the major infectious diseases emerging from the mixing of farmed or domesticated and wild animals include Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), Nipah Virus and Hendra Virus. (animalsaustralia.org)