Immunization Programs: Organized services to administer immunization procedures in the prevention of various diseases. The programs are made available over a wide range of sites: schools, hospitals, public health agencies, voluntary health agencies, etc. They are administered to an equally wide range of population groups or on various administrative levels: community, municipal, state, national, international.Immunization: Deliberate stimulation of the host's immune response. ACTIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of ANTIGENS or IMMUNOLOGIC ADJUVANTS. PASSIVE IMMUNIZATION involves administration of IMMUNE SERA or LYMPHOCYTES or their extracts (e.g., transfer factor, immune RNA) or transplantation of immunocompetent cell producing tissue (thymus or bone marrow).Vaccination: Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.Immunization Schedule: Schedule giving optimum times usually for primary and/or secondary immunization.Communicable DiseasesVaccines: Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Rotavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Rubella Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of duck embryo or human diploid cell tissue culture origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of nonpregnant adolescent and adult females of childbearing age who are unimmunized and do not have serum antibodies to rubella. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (Dorland, 28th ed)Measles Vaccine: A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had measles or been immunized with live measles vaccine and have no serum antibodies against measles. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Hepatitis B Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.Measles: A highly contagious infectious disease caused by MORBILLIVIRUS, common among children but also seen in the nonimmune of any age, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and multiplies in the epithelial cells, spreading throughout the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM.Mass Vaccination: Administration of a vaccine to large populations in order to elicit IMMUNITY.Diphtheria Toxoid: The formaldehyde-inactivated toxin of Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is generally used in mixtures with TETANUS TOXOID and PERTUSSIS VACCINE; (DTP); or with tetanus toxoid alone (DT for pediatric use and Td, which contains 5- to 10-fold less diphtheria toxoid, for other use). Diphtheria toxoid is used for the prevention of diphtheria; DIPHTHERIA ANTITOXIN is for treatment.Rubella: An acute infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS. The virus enters the respiratory tract via airborne droplet and spreads to the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Tetanus: A disease caused by tetanospasmin, a powerful protein toxin produced by CLOSTRIDIUM TETANI. Tetanus usually occurs after an acute injury, such as a puncture wound or laceration. Generalized tetanus, the most common form, is characterized by tetanic muscular contractions and hyperreflexia. Localized tetanus presents itself as a mild condition with manifestations restricted to muscles near the wound. It may progress to the generalized form.Infectious Disease Medicine: A branch of internal medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of INFECTIOUS DISEASES.Diphtheria: A localized infection of mucous membranes or skin caused by toxigenic strains of CORYNEBACTERIUM DIPHTHERIAE. It is characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane at the site of infection. DIPHTHERIA TOXIN, produced by C. diphtheriae, can cause myocarditis, polyneuritis, and other systemic toxic effects.Poliomyelitis: An acute infectious disease of humans, particularly children, caused by any of three serotypes of human poliovirus (POLIOVIRUS). Usually the infection is limited to the gastrointestinal tract and nasopharynx, and is often asymptomatic. The central nervous system, primarily the spinal cord, may be affected, leading to rapidly progressive paralysis, coarse FASCICULATION and hyporeflexia. Motor neurons are primarily affected. Encephalitis may also occur. The virus replicates in the nervous system, and may cause significant neuronal loss, most notably in the spinal cord. A rare related condition, nonpoliovirus poliomyelitis, may result from infections with nonpoliovirus enteroviruses. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp764-5)Rotavirus Infections: Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent MEASLES; MUMPS; and RUBELLA.Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine: A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.Mumps Vaccine: Vaccines used to prevent infection by MUMPS VIRUS. Best known is the live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.Immunization, Secondary: Any immunization following a primary immunization and involving exposure to the same or a closely related antigen.Vaccines, Combined: Two or more vaccines in a single dosage form.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Tetanus ToxoidInfant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Disposable Equipment: Apparatus, devices, or supplies intended for one-time or temporary use.Mumps: An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Haemophilus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing antigenic polysaccharides from Haemophilus influenzae and designed to prevent infection. The vaccine can contain the polysaccharides alone or more frequently polysaccharides conjugated to carrier molecules. It is also seen as a combined vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine.Influenza Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.Vaccines, Conjugate: Semisynthetic vaccines consisting of polysaccharide antigens from microorganisms attached to protein carrier molecules. The carrier protein is recognized by macrophages and T-cells thus enhancing immunity. Conjugate vaccines induce antibody formation in people not responsive to polysaccharide alone, induce higher levels of antibody, and show a booster response on repeated injection.World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Pneumococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infections with STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.United StatesDisease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Immunization, Passive: Transfer of immunity from immunized to non-immune host by administration of serum antibodies, or transplantation of lymphocytes (ADOPTIVE TRANSFER).Developing Countries: Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Papillomavirus Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent PAPILLOMAVIRUS INFECTIONS. Human vaccines are intended to reduce the incidence of UTERINE CERVICAL NEOPLASMS, so they are sometimes considered a type of CANCER VACCINES. They are often composed of CAPSID PROTEINS, especially L1 protein, from various types of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Injections, Jet: The injection of solutions into the skin by compressed air devices so that only the solution pierces the skin.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Commonwealth of Independent StatesProgram Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Health Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Hepatitis B: INFLAMMATION of the LIVER in humans caused by a member of the ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS genus, HEPATITIS B VIRUS. It is primarily transmitted by parenteral exposure, such as transfusion of contaminated blood or blood products, but can also be transmitted via sexual or intimate personal contact.Communicable Diseases, Emerging: Infectious diseases that are novel in their outbreak ranges (geographic and host) or transmission mode.Whooping Cough: A respiratory infection caused by BORDETELLA PERTUSSIS and characterized by paroxysmal coughing ending in a prolonged crowing intake of breath.Haemophilus influenzae type b: A type of H. influenzae isolated most frequently from biotype I. Prior to vaccine availability, it was a leading cause of childhood meningitis.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Poliovirus Vaccines: Vaccines used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS. They include inactivated (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, INACTIVATED) and oral vaccines (POLIOVIRUS VACCINE, ORAL).Pertussis Vaccine: A suspension of killed Bordetella pertussis organisms, used for immunization against pertussis (WHOOPING COUGH). It is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DTP). There is an acellular pertussis vaccine prepared from the purified antigenic components of Bordetella pertussis, which causes fewer adverse reactions than whole-cell vaccine and, like the whole-cell vaccine, is generally used in a mixture with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral: A live vaccine containing attenuated poliovirus, types I, II, and III, grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture, used for routine immunization of children against polio. This vaccine induces long-lasting intestinal and humoral immunity. Killed vaccine induces only humoral immunity. Oral poliovirus vaccine should not be administered to immunocompromised individuals or their household contacts. (Dorland, 28th ed)Viral Hepatitis Vaccines: Any vaccine raised against any virus or viral derivative that causes hepatitis.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It was established in 1948.IndiaGastroenteritis: INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.Antibodies, Viral: Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.Viral Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).Syringes: Instruments used for injecting or withdrawing fluids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine: A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.Vaccines, Attenuated: Live vaccines prepared from microorganisms which have undergone physical adaptation (e.g., by radiation or temperature conditioning) or serial passage in laboratory animal hosts or infected tissue/cell cultures, in order to produce avirulent mutant strains capable of inducing protective immunity.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Refrigeration: The mechanical process of cooling.Haemophilus Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus HAEMOPHILUS.Mice, Inbred BALB CMongolia: The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.Encephalitis, Japanese: A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Poliovirus Vaccine, Inactivated: A suspension of formalin-inactivated poliovirus grown in monkey kidney cell tissue culture and used to prevent POLIOMYELITIS.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.): An agency of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that conducts and supports programs for the prevention and control of disease and provides consultation and assistance to health departments and other countries.Pneumococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the species STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Hepatitis B Surface Antigens: Those hepatitis B antigens found on the surface of the Dane particle and on the 20 nm spherical and tubular particles. Several subspecificities of the surface antigen are known. These were formerly called the Australia antigen.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Vaccines, Synthetic: Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.Vaccines, DNA: Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.Rotavirus: A genus of REOVIRIDAE, causing acute gastroenteritis in BIRDS and MAMMALS, including humans. Transmission is horizontal and by environmental contamination. Seven species (Rotaviruses A thru G) are recognized.Meningococcal Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS.Antibody Formation: The production of ANTIBODIES by proliferating and differentiated B-LYMPHOCYTES under stimulation by ANTIGENS.Immunoglobulin G: The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.BrazilGovernment Programs: Programs and activities sponsored or administered by local, state, or national governments.Rubella Syndrome, Congenital: Transplacental infection of the fetus with rubella usually in the first trimester of pregnancy, as a consequence of maternal infection, resulting in various developmental abnormalities in the newborn infant. They include cardiac and ocular lesions, deafness, microcephaly, mental retardation, and generalized growth retardation. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Adjuvants, Immunologic: Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.Chickenpox Vaccine: A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.Administration, Intranasal: Delivery of medications through the nasal mucosa.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Product Surveillance, Postmarketing: Surveillance of drugs, devices, appliances, etc., for efficacy or adverse effects, after they have been released for general sale.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Schools: Educational institutions.Hepatitis B Antibodies: Antibodies to the HEPATITIS B ANTIGENS, including antibodies to the surface (Australia) and core of the Dane particle and those to the "e" antigens.SingaporePrevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.EnglandData Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Infection: Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)BCG Vaccine: An active immunizing agent and a viable avirulent attenuated strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, var. bovis, which confers immunity to mycobacterial infections. It is used also in immunotherapy of neoplasms due to its stimulation of antibodies and non-specific immunity.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Meningitis, Meningococcal: A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Streptococcus pneumoniae: A gram-positive organism found in the upper respiratory tract, inflammatory exudates, and various body fluids of normal and/or diseased humans and, rarely, domestic animals.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Bacterial Capsules: An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides.EuropeSeasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Immunity, Mucosal: Nonsusceptibility to the pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or antigenic substances as a result of antibody secretions of the mucous membranes. Mucosal epithelia in the gastrointestinal, respiratory, and reproductive tracts produce a form of IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) that serves to protect these ports of entry into the body.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Animal DiseasesMice, Inbred C57BLBacterial Infections: Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.Carrier State: The condition of harboring an infective organism without manifesting symptoms of infection. The organism must be readily transmissible to another susceptible host.Great BritainHealth Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Virus Diseases: A general term for diseases produced by viruses.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Parents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Immunoglobulin A: Represents 15-20% of the human serum immunoglobulins, mostly as the 4-chain polymer in humans or dimer in other mammals. Secretory IgA (IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, SECRETORY) is the main immunoglobulin in secretions.Vaccines, Inactivated: Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Immunity, Cellular: Manifestations of the immune response which are mediated by antigen-sensitized T-lymphocytes via lymphokines or direct cytotoxicity. This takes place in the absence of circulating antibody or where antibody plays a subordinate role.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Antigens, Bacterial: Substances elaborated by bacteria that have antigenic activity.Disease Notification: Notification or reporting by a physician or other health care provider of the occurrence of specified contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV infections to designated public health agencies. The United States system of reporting notifiable diseases evolved from the Quarantine Act of 1878, which authorized the US Public Health Service to collect morbidity data on cholera, smallpox, and yellow fever; each state in the US has its own list of notifiable diseases and depends largely on reporting by the individual health care provider. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Spleen: An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.Decision Making: The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.T-Lymphocytes: Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.Injections, Intramuscular: Forceful administration into a muscle of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle piercing the muscle and any tissue covering it.Immunity, Active: Resistance to a disease agent resulting from the production of specific antibodies by the host, either after exposure to the disease or after vaccination.Malaria: A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.Immunity, Maternally-Acquired: Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.Antigens: Substances that are recognized by the immune system and induce an immune reaction.Parasitic Diseases: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. They are often contracted through contact with an intermediate vector, but may occur as the result of direct exposure.AIDS Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated HIV or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent or treat AIDS. Some vaccines containing antigens are recombinantly produced.CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of regulatory T-lymphocytes involved in MHC Class I-restricted interactions. They include both cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and CD8+ suppressor T-lymphocytes.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Vaccines, Subunit: Vaccines consisting of one or more antigens that stimulate a strong immune response. They are purified from microorganisms or produced by recombinant DNA techniques, or they can be chemically synthesized peptides.Epitopes: Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Sentinel Surveillance: Monitoring of rate of occurrence of specific conditions to assess the stability or change in health levels of a population. It is also the study of disease rates in a specific cohort such as in a geographic area or population subgroup to estimate trends in a larger population. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Injections, Intradermal: The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.Bioterrorism: The use of biological agents in TERRORISM. This includes the malevolent use of BACTERIA; VIRUSES; or other BIOLOGICAL TOXINS against people, ANIMALS; or PLANTS.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Antibodies: Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Antibody Specificity: The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.Hepatitis B virus: The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.Serotyping: Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.Interferon-gamma: The major interferon produced by mitogenically or antigenically stimulated LYMPHOCYTES. It is structurally different from TYPE I INTERFERON and its major activity is immunoregulation. It has been implicated in the expression of CLASS II HISTOCOMPATIBILITY ANTIGENS in cells that do not normally produce them, leading to AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Cholera Toxin: An ENTEROTOXIN from VIBRIO CHOLERAE. It consists of two major protomers, the heavy (H) or A subunit and the B protomer which consists of 5 light (L) or B subunits. The catalytic A subunit is proteolytically cleaved into fragments A1 and A2. The A1 fragment is a MONO(ADP-RIBOSE) TRANSFERASE. The B protomer binds cholera toxin to intestinal epithelial cells, and facilitates the uptake of the A1 fragment. The A1 catalyzed transfer of ADP-RIBOSE to the alpha subunits of heterotrimeric G PROTEINS activates the production of CYCLIC AMP. Increased levels of cyclic AMP are thought to modulate release of fluid and electrolytes from intestinal crypt cells.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Travel: Aspects of health and disease related to travel.Cross Reactions: Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.Immunity, Humoral: Antibody-mediated immune response. Humoral immunity is brought about by ANTIBODY FORMATION, resulting from TH2 CELLS activating B-LYMPHOCYTES, followed by COMPLEMENT ACTIVATION.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Lymphocyte Activation: Morphologic alteration of small B LYMPHOCYTES or T LYMPHOCYTES in culture into large blast-like cells able to synthesize DNA and RNA and to divide mitotically. It is induced by INTERLEUKINS; MITOGENS such as PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS, and by specific ANTIGENS. It may also occur in vivo as in GRAFT REJECTION.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Epidemics: Sudden outbreaks of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of a previous existing endemic disease. Epidemics can also refer to outbreaks of disease in animal or plant populations.Immunity: Nonsusceptibility to the invasive or pathogenic effects of foreign microorganisms or to the toxic effect of antigenic substances.Anti-Bacterial Agents: Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Tuberculosis: Any of the infectious diseases of man and other animals caused by species of MYCOBACTERIUM.Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.HemocyaninCD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes: A critical subpopulation of T-lymphocytes involved in the induction of most immunological functions. The HIV virus has selective tropism for the T4 cell which expresses the CD4 phenotypic marker, a receptor for HIV. In fact, the key element in the profound immunosuppression seen in HIV infection is the depletion of this subset of T-lymphocytes.Microbiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Tropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic: Immunized T-lymphocytes which can directly destroy appropriate target cells. These cytotoxic lymphocytes may be generated in vitro in mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC), in vivo during a graft-versus-host (GVH) reaction, or after immunization with an allograft, tumor cell or virally transformed or chemically modified target cell. The lytic phenomenon is sometimes referred to as cell-mediated lympholysis (CML). These CD8-positive cells are distinct from NATURAL KILLER CELLS and NATURAL KILLER T-CELLS. There are two effector phenotypes: TC1 and TC2.Freund's Adjuvant: An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.Protozoan Vaccines: Suspensions of attenuated or killed protozoa administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious protozoan disease.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
"Implications of the Diphtheria Epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for Immunization Programs". Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 4 (4): 539-550. doi:10.3201/eid0404.980404. PMC 2640235. PMID 9866730. Retrieved 18 July 2016.. ... "Non-communicable Diseases and Former Soviet Union countries". World Health Organization. Retrieved 18 July 2016.. ... rates of disease, infant mortality, domestic violence and income inequality, along with decreases in ...
Journal of Infectious Diseases. October 24, 2012. *^ Immunise Australia: Information about the HPV immunisation program ... Canadian Immunization Committee. Recommendations for human papillomavirus immunization programs. Canada Communicable Disease ... 1] In addition, Medicaid includes the Vaccines for Children Program. This program provides immunization ... The National HPV Vaccination Program is listed on the National Immunisation Program (NIP) Schedule and funded under the ...
Local health departments in the United States
They protect children and adults from infectious diseases through immunization. Local health departments also conduct programs ... They lead efforts that prevent and reduce the effects of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cancer. They detect and stop ... Some local health departments programs include: Helping ensure clean drinking water, access to safe and healthy foods, and ... investigating and stopping diseases and other public health threats (e.g. foodborne illness, HIV/AIDS, etc.). Developing ...
"Implications of the Diphtheria Epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for Immunization Programs". Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 4 (4): 539-550. doi:10.3201/eid0404.980404. PMC 2640235. PMID 9866730.. ... "Non-communicable Diseases and Former Soviet Union countries". Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 18 July ... In 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev tried to reform and revitalize the economy with his program of perestroika. His policies relaxed ...
"Implications of the Diphtheria Epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for Immunization Programs". Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... "Diphtheria in the Former Soviet Union: Reemergence of a Pandemic Disease". CDC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. ... In 1987, Mikhail Gorbachev tried to reform and revitalize the economy with his program of perestroika. His policies relaxed ... "Non-communicable Diseases and Former Soviet Union countries". Retrieved 18 July 2016.. ...
"Cost-Benefit Analysis of a Rotavirus Immunization Program in the Arab Republic of Egypt". Journal of Infectious Diseases. 200 ( ... the rotavirus vaccine and the Hepatitis A vaccine are yet to be introduced to the National Immunisation Program. Because of his ... vaccine in the National Immunisation Program, an important milestone in the advocacy activities of Healthy Egyptians and the ... in the Egyptian national immunization program, 2013". Vaccine. 33 Suppl 1: A182-191. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.12.044. ISSN ...
As the success of immunization programs increases and the incidence of disease decreases, public attention shifts away from the ... 2005). "Vaccine Safety Controversies and the Future of Vaccination Programs". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 24 (11 ... If a vaccination program successfully reduces the disease threat, it may reduce the perceived risk of disease as cultural ... National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the ...
범유행 - 위키백과, 우리 모두의 백과사전
Center for Disease Control & National Immunization Program. Measles History, article online 2001. Available from http://www.cdc ... Edward Jenner and The First and Only Eradication of a Human Infectious Disease". 》Nature Medicine》 7 (1): 15-6. doi:10.1038/ ... Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) Archived 2009년 8월 31일 - 웨이백 머신.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). ... "There is not enough evidence satisfactorily to identify the disease or diseases", concluded J. F. Gilliam in his summary (1961 ...
The trial was co-funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), which is a division of the ... Military HIV Research Program (MHRP) Investigation of first candidate vaccine Be the Generation - Information on HIV Vaccine ... Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) AIDS Vaccine Advocacy ... Kaye, Donald (October 1, 2012). "Gilead Wins Approval for HIV Drug as Prophylactic". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 55: i-ii. ...
Vaccinia immune globulin
Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Volume 14, Issue 3, July 2003, Pages 189-195 Frelinger JA, Garba ML. Responses to ... Recommendations for using smallpox vaccine in the pre-event vaccination program: Supplemental recommendations of the Advisory ... Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). MMWR ... These include postvaccinial central nervous system disease, progressive vaccinia, eczema vaccinatum, accidental implantations ...
Sabin Vaccine Institute
Edinburgh Infectious Diseases. 27 August 2015. Archived from the original on 11 September 2017. Retrieved 11 September 2017. " ... Sabin arranges international forums to improve the success rates of immunization programs. Sabin serves as the Secretariat for ... Sabin works with experts and organizations from around the world to advance knowledge of both infectious diseases and the ... the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Brazilian Ministry of ...
... program's 2006 federal grant as per a Center for Disease Control requirement that all states implement centralized immunization ... public nurses to analyze the data in order to better target vaccination efforts and reduce the incidents of infectious disease ... The Immunization Program of the Division of Public Health of the Department of Health and Social Services of the State of ... As the State of Alaska issues immunization requirements for all children attending school or a licensed child care program, ...
1976 swine flu outbreak
... disease outbreak Krause, Richard (January 2006). "The Swine Flu Episode and the Fog of Epidemics". Emerging Infectious Diseases ... and led to a mass immunization program. After the program began, the vaccine was associated with an increase in reports of ... The immunization program is not reinstated. Dr. David Sencer returns to public service, serving as health commissioner for New ... The immunization program was ended after approximately 25% of the population of the United States had been administered the ...
Expanded Program on Immunization. He has been a member or advisory member of the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization ... Halsey was an EIS Officer 1975-77; a Preventive Medicine Resident 1976-78 and a fellow in Pediatric Infectious Diseases at the ... Halsey's research is primarily directed toward the prevention of infectious diseases with the safest vaccines possible. He has ... Neal A. Halsey, MD (born 1945), is a pediatrician, with subspecialty training in infectious diseases, international health and ...
American Refugee Committee
... violence Prevention and Response HIV/AIDS Prevention and Treatment Immunizations Income Generation Infectious Disease ... ARC Through Our Eyes program Through Our Eyes program video ARC 2008 Annual Report, pp. 19. ARC Liberia ARC Sudan ARC Darfur ... In Africa, ARC has programs in Liberia, Sudan, Darfur, Uganda, Rwanda and Sierra Leone. In Asia, ARC programs are concentrated ... ARC's oldest program, ARC has operated continuously in Thailand since 1979. Currently ARC works in refugee camps along the Thai ...
Walter A. Orenstein is the former director of the United States' National Immunization Program, a post he held from May 1993 to ... He is currently a professor of infectious diseases at Emory University, a post he was originally appointed to in March 2004 and ... Orenstein began working for the CDC's Immunization Program in 1982. He has also served as a consultant to the World Health ... Peter, G.; Hinman, A. R. (2004). "Walter A. Orenstein, MD". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 23 (9): 803-805. doi: ...
R. Palmer Beasley
Director of the Center for Infectious Diseases at UTSPH. "He is a giant in the field of infectious diseases.". Samuel Katz, ... This program has stimulated increasing numbers of students and faculty to learn about global health issues and seek experiences ... He later became the author of HBV immunization policies for the World Health Organization. Beasley was also an authority on ... During this period he established the Center for Infectious Diseases which is now headed by Herbert L. DuPont, an expert in ...
Marine Hospital Service
It was established to conduct research on cholera and several other infectious diseases. It was later redesignated as the ... The task of controlling epidemic diseses through quarantine and disinfection measures, as well as immunization programs, within ... He strengthened and extended the research programs at the National Institutes of Health, established the Communicable Disease ... "Images From the History of the Public Health Service: Disease Control and Prevention, Fighting the Spread of Epidemic Diseases ...
School-based health centers
... health care needs plan for managing emergencies health screening programs verification of immunizations infectious disease ... As school health programs spread across the country, health screening and communicable disease control were their principal ... 2010). "Addressing adolescent immunization disparities: A retrospective analysis of school-based health center immunization ... exclude children with contagious diseases from the classroom. In 1902, the program expanded and employed the nation's first ...
... for Infectious Diseases National Vaccine Program Office Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases Pediatric Infectious Diseases ... Health Officials California Immunization Coalition Every Child By Two Immunization Action Coalition Infectious Diseases Society ... especially if those diseases can be prevented," said Renee Jenkins, president of the AAP. The Immunization Alliance was ... Current Effects on Immunization". Healio.com. SLACK Inc. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2013. "New Immunization Alliance ...
Detroit Health Department
"Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Control of Infectious Diseases". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... The department was able to grow from its focus on communicable diseases (such as tuberculosis) to one that had over 40 programs ... immunizations, and maternal and child health) or contracted out to other vendors. Wayne State University School of Medicine ... while other infectious diseases were treated in private hospitals. Due to the increasing outbreaks of contagious diseases ...
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
"Chapter 25: Pneumococcal" (PDF). Immunisation against infectious disease - 'The Green Book' (PDF). Department of Health (UK). ... Further, 15 additional GAVI countries have plans to introduce the vaccine into their national immunization program and 23 ... Committee on Infectious Diseases. Policy statement: recommendations for the prevention of pneumococcal infections, including ... Childhood Pneumococcal Disease - information on the disease and the Prevnar vaccine, from the Victoria State (Australia) ...
Infectious Diseases Society of America
The fund supports programs that prevent, monitor, and respond to infectious diseases, including immunization programs; ... An Update From the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical Infectious Diseases. Oxford University Press. 56 (12): ... that discussed aspects of infectious diseases and proposed a new dinner group to discuss topics related to infectious diseases ... "Chronic Lyme Disease" Fact Sheet". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. April 17, 2009. Archived from the ...
M. Neal Guentzel
Faculty Profile at UTSA Programs Guide at UTSA South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases Website Escherichia, ... Intranasal immunization with chlamydial protease-like activity factor and CpG deoxynucleotides enhances protective immunity ... He is a founder and currently co-director of the South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, an infectious disease/ ... M. Neal "Doc" Guentzel is a doctor working in the fields of infectious diseases, microbes, and bioremediation, as well as a ...
Eradication of infectious diseases
Eight attempts have been made to date to eradicate infectious diseases: two successful programs targeting smallpox and ... using the strategies of routine immunization, supplementary immunization campaigns, and surveillance of possible outbreaks. The ... and two former programs targeting hookworm and yellow fever. Five more infectious diseases have been identified as of April ... Medicine portal Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative Globalization and disease List of diseases eliminated from the United ...
Infectious disease (athletes)
... prevalence of HBV among athletes and it should be appreciated that aggressive and successful HBV immunization programs have ... Sevier TL (1994). "Infectious disease in athletes". Med Clin North Am. 78 (2): 389-412. PMID 8121218. Kashiwagi S, Hayashi J, ... Those involved in the care of athletes should be alert to the possibility of infectious disease for the following reasons: ... In any case, between them, they have changed awareness of infectious disease in sports, and certainly changed management on the ...
Expanded Program on Immunization
... to renew interest and maintain the importance of immunizations in battling the world's large burden of infectious diseases. The ... The Expanded Program on Immunization is a World Health Organization program with the goal to make vaccines available to all ... Setting up an immunization program is multifaceted and contains many complex components including a reliable cold chain system ... In each country, immunization programs are monitored using two methods: an administrative method and through community-based ...
As at 2011, the institute was home to more than 450 medical researchers, working across six main themes of infectious diseases ... With a head office located in Commercial Road, Prahran, Victoria, the institute delivers public health programs across four ... vaccines and immunisation, and the health of young people - all these are covered through four Centres: Virology, Immunology, ... Their work also focuses on sexual health, drug and alcohol use, both in risky behaviours associated with infectious diseases ...
The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 184 (5): 582-90. doi:10.1086/322803. ISSN 0022-1899. JSTOR 30137322. PMID 11474432.. ... it is incorporated into the childhood immunization schedule in a number of countries including the United Kingdom, the ... "Carriage of penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae by children in day-care centers during an intervention program in ... Diseases and symptoms. Pneumonia is the most common of the S. pneumoniae diseases which include symptoms such as fever ...
Health in Nepal
National immunization program is the priority 1 (P1) program. Since the inception of immunization program to the date it has ... "Infectious Diseases and Malnutrition Status in Nepal: an Overview" "annual health report" (PDF). dohs.gov.np. Retrieved 11 ... largely due to the implementation of the CB-IMCI program. Initially, the Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD) Program began in ... program, the Community-Based Newborn Care Program (CB-NCP), the Infant and Young Child Feeding program, a micronutrients ...
"Infectious Diseases Related to Travel". Yellow Book. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Archived from the original on ... Different methods for acute treatment of the disease have been shown not to be very successful; passive immunization after the ... In Africa, virus eradication programs have mostly relied upon vaccination. These programs have largely been unsuccessful ... Mitchell misdiagnosed the disease that he observed and treated, and the disease was probably Weil's disease or hepatitis. See: ...
... of autism development in children during the interview and is questionably identified on the program as an infectious disease ... "Vaccine Safety , Immunization Facts For Parents , Immunization Safety - Mollen Immunization". Flushotsusa.com. 2008-03-03. ... Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 43 (9): 1089-134. ... The Infectious Disease Society of America states that Lyme disease is easily treated with a few weeks of antibiotics and that ...
Artificial induction of immunity
... infectious) disease. Using experiments based on this theory, which posited that specific microorganisms cause specific diseases ... "Immunization". UNICEF.. *^ Palmer, Guy H.; McElwain, Terry F. (1995). "Molecular basis for vaccine development against ... Since Pasteur provided support for a germ theory of infectious disease, we have increasingly induced immunity against a ... Some diseases, such as tetanus, cause disease not by bacterial growth but by bacterial production of a toxin. Tetanus toxin is ...
Index of HIV/AIDS-related articles
NAT - National Cancer Institute (NCI) - National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) - National Institute of ... Acute HIV Infection and Early Diseases Research Program (AIEDRP) - ADAP - ADC - adenopathy - adherence - adjuvant - ... immunization - immunocompetent - immunocompromised - immunodeficiency - immunogen - immunogenicity - immunoglobulin (Ig) - ... efficacy - empirical - encephalitis - end-stage disease - endemic - endogenous - endoscopy - endotoxin - endpoint - enteric - ...
For over a century, the Institut Pasteur has been at the forefront of the battle against infectious disease. This worldwide ... Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov already announced the "principle of immunization" during his voluntary exile in Italy, where he went to ... graduate students and 500 postdoctoral trainees from close to 40 different countries participate in postgraduate study programs ... Pasteur scientists also help to monitor epidemics and control outbreaks of infectious diseases throughout the world. These ...
List of countries with universal health care
Initially successful at combating infectious diseases, the effectiveness of the socialized model declined with underinvestment ... Some programs are paid for entirely out of tax revenues. In others tax revenues are used either to fund insurance for the very ... Primary care is focused on immunization, prevention of malnutrition, pregnancy, child birth, postnatal care, and treatment of ... Physicians for a National Health Program "International Health Systems". *^ Staff (undated). "The Austrian healthcare system ...
எயிட்சு - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
Various (January 14, 2010). "Resources and Links, HIV-AIDS Connection". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. ... Laurence J (2006). "Hepatitis A and B virus immunization in HIV-infected persons". AIDS Reader 16 (1): 15-17. பப்மெட் 16433468. ... King JT, Justice AC, Roberts MS, Chang CH, Fusco JS and the CHORUS Program Team (2003). "Long-Term HIV/AIDS Survival Estimation ... "The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS". National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (2003). பார்த்த நாள் 2008-12-20. ...
SIDA, a enciclopedia libre
"Current opinion in infectious diseases 25 (1): 51-7. PMC 3266126. PMID 22156901. doi:10.1097/QCO.0b013e32834ef5ef.. ... "Abstinence-only programs for HIV infection prevention in high-income countries". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (4): ... Laurence J (2006). "Hepatitis A and B virus immunization in HIV-infected persons". AIDS Reader 16 (1): 15-17. PMID 16433468.. ... editor, Julio Aliberti, (2011). Control of Innate and Adaptive Immune Responses During Infectious Diseases. New York, NY: ...
"Clinical infectious diseases: an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. svezak 45 (broj 4): str. ... "Vaccine and Immunizations: TB Vaccine (BCG)". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011.. http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/ ... Programi kao što je Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program pomažu u smanjenju broja slučajeva TBC u osoba obuhvaćenih ... "Infectious Diseases: A Clinical Short Course, 2. izdanje. McGraw-Hill Medical Publishing Division. str. str. 104.. ISBN 0-07- ...
Clinical Infectious Diseases. 45 (3): 353-59. doi:10.1086/519433. PMID 17599315. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 January ... In those at high risk immunization may reduce the risk of heart disease. Whether immunizing health care workers affects ... and the immune response does not itself contribute to the disease. Influenza appear to trigger programmed cell death ( ... Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Symptoms can be mild to severe. ...
... and for highlighting the power of immunization to prevent disease. 2018 Basic C. David Allis For discoveries elucidating how ... many of whom are now distinguished leaders in the fields of microbiology and infectious diseases. ... For his role as the principal architect of two major U.S. governmental programs, one aimed at AIDS and the other at biodefense. ... Discovery of anti-TNF therapy as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases. ...
Adults with cerebral palsy may have ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cancer, and trauma more often. Obesity ... Rehabilitation or social programs that include Salutogenesis may improve the coping potential of adults with CP as they age.[ ... CP is partly preventable through immunization of the mother and efforts to prevent head injuries in children such as through ... Osler also suspected polioencephalitis as an infectious cause. Through the 1890s, scientists commonly confused CP with polio.[6 ...
... prevention of infection and epidemic diseases, vaccination and immunization of the population on a socially protected basis. ... Graduate certificate program and in 2015 began a BMI PhD program. The joint program allows for researchers and ... of reports about real-time epidemic situation through public health information system and to analysis infectious diseases by ... The program is designed to provide specific Health Informatics education, and is the only program in the country with a Health ...
Respiratory syncytial virus vaccine
The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 18 (10): e295-e311. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30292-5. PMID 29914800.. ... Artificial induction of immunity / Immunization: Vaccines, Vaccination, Infection, Inoculation (J07). Development. *Adjuvants ... The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 38 (10): e266-e269. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000002404. PMID 31335571.. ...
1987). Immunopharmacology of infectious diseases: vaccine adjuvants and modulators of non-specific resistance. Progress in ... "Immunization schedule in India 2016". Superbabyonline. Retrieved 5 May 2016.. *^ Clements CJ, Griffiths E (May 2002). "The ... and oil-water suspensions have been reported to increase the risk of autoimmune disease in mice. Squalene has caused ... and thus providing increased immunity to a particular disease. Adjuvants accomplish this task by mimicking specific sets of ...
Oceans, Climate, and Health: Cholera as a Model of Infectious Diseases in a Changing Environment. Rice University: James A ... recommends immunization of high-risk groups, such as children and people with HIV, in countries where this disease is endemic.[ ... Oftentimes, this will allow public health programs to determine and control the cause of the cases, whether it is unsanitary ... "Cholera Biology and Genetics , NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases". www.niaid.nih.gov. Retrieved 2017- ...
"Clinical Infectious Diseases. 62 (Suppl 2): S91-S228. doi:10.1093/cid/civ1015. PMID 27059361.. ... of available clinical trial data from countries routinely using rotavirus vaccines in their national immunization programs ... "Clinical Infectious Diseases. 59 (9): 1291-1301. doi:10.1093/cid/ciu564. PMID 25048849.. ... Matson DO (2006). "The pentavalent rotavirus vaccine, RotaTeq". Seminars in Paediatric Infectious Diseases. 17 (4): 195-9. doi: ...
එන්නත් - විකිපීඩියා
Failure of homeostasis due to trauma, drugs and infectious microbes not only damages the gut but can lead to influx of damaging ... Antibodies towards the specific pathogens or antigens that were used in the immunization are present in higher levels than in ... Colostrum contains antibodies to protect the newborn against disease. In general, protein concentration in colostrum is ... can be a useful part of a weight reduction program. Although IGF-1 is not absorbed intact by the body, some ...
காச நோய் - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
1999). Issues relating to the use of BCG in immunization programs. Geneva: World Health Organization. ... This Statement was endorsed by the Council of the Infectious Disease Society of America, September 1999. VII. CLASSIFICATION OF ... Griffith D, Kerr C (1996). "Tuberculosis: disease of the past, disease of the present". J Perianesth Nurs 11 (4): 240-5. doi: ... 11.0 11.1 11.2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Tuberculosis Elimination. Core Curriculum on ...
Otroška paraliza - Wikipedija, prosta enciklopedija
in: Immunisation Against Infectious Disease, 2006 (PDF). Edinburgh: Stationery Office. str. 313-29. ISBN 0-11-322528-8.. CS1 ... Cepljenje proti otroški ohromelosti je v Sloveniji vključeno v obvezni program cepljenja. Tako pred boleznijo zaščitimo že ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pridobljeno dne 23. 1. 2014.. *↑ 54,0 54,1 "Circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus ... "MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) 43 (39): 720-2. PMID 7522302.. ...
... several immunodiagnostic methods based on detection of complex antigen-antibody are used to diagnose infectious diseases, for ... At the prenatal and neonatal stages of life, the presence of antibodies is provided by passive immunization from the mother. ... "Immunoglobulin D enhances immune surveillance by activating antimicrobial, proinflammatory and B cell-stimulating programs in ... Disease therapy. Targeted monoclonal antibody therapy is employed to treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ...
... immunization against infectious diseases, and other public health measures can help reduce high rates of infant mortality. ... In certain parts of the U.S., specific modern programs aim to reduce levels of infant mortality. An example of one such program ... and infectious diseases, including neglected tropical diseases. Congenital malformationsEdit. Congenital malformations are ... Institute of Medicine, Immunization Safety Review Committee, Board of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention. Washington, DC: ...
Australasian Subgroup in Paediatric Infectious Diseases of the Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases". The Medical ... "Child, Adolescent & "Catch-up" Immunization Schedules". Immunization Schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ... Boston Health Care for the Homeless Program. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 September 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2013.. ... It protects about 70 to 90 percent of people from disease with a greater benefit for severe disease. Routine immunization of ...
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Infectious disease control 256.9 720.3 462.8 528.7 1248.3 1271.8 1097.5 5586.4 Malaria control 324.5 101.7 133.6 75.5 302.4 ... Children's Vaccine Program: The Children's Vaccine Program, run by the Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH), ... The GAVI Alliance: The foundation gave the GAVI Alliance (formerly the "Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization") a ... University Scholars Program: Donated $20 million in 1998 to endow a scholarship program at Melinda Gates' alma mater, Duke ...
Limfocyty T regulatorowe, wolna encyklopedia
Organ-specific autoimmune diseases induced in mice by elimination of T cell subset. I. Evidence for the active participation of ... Foxp3 programs the development and function of CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells. „Nat Immunol". 4 (4), s. 330-336, kwiecień 2003. ... CD4+ FoxP3+ regulatory T cells confer infectious tolerance in a TGF-beta-dependent manner. „J Exp Med". 205 (9), s. 1975-1981, ... Fel d 1-airway inflammation prevention and treatment by co-immunization vaccine via induction of CD4+CD25-Foxp3+ Treg cells. „ ...
List of vaccine topics
Non-infectious diseases. *Alzheimer's disease amyloid protein vaccine. *Breast cancer vaccine ... Expanded Program on Immunization (Philippines). *GAVI Alliance. *Immunization Alliance. *International AIDS Vaccine Initiative ... Viral diseases. Virus. Diseases or conditions. Vaccine(s). Brands Hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A. Hepatitis A vaccine. ... Bacterial diseases. Bacterium. Diseases or conditions. Vaccine(s). Brands Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax. Anthrax vaccines. ...
Artificial active immunity definition and example
Funding by Topic Area | PHHS Block Grant Program
Immunization and Infectious Diseases. $5,074,813. Maternal, Infant, and Child Health. $4,339,569. Heart Disease and Stroke. $ ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ... Funding by Health Program Areas, Fiscal Year: 2018. Funding Category. FY 2019 Amount % of TRAHTAF1. % of TRF2. ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. ...
Border Infectious Disease Surveillance
... . The Border Infectious Disease Surveillance program (BIDS) was established in 1999 ... Immunizations. *. Nutrition. *. Quit Smoking. *. Sexually Transmitted Disease Testing. ... Border Infectious Disease Surveillance - Mosquito-borne-diseases. *Border Infetious Disease Surveillance - Rocky Mountain ... Programs**. Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. *. Chronic Disease and Injury Control. *. ...
Recommendations for Using Smallpox Vaccine in a Pre-Event Vaccination Program: Supplemental Recommendations of the Advisory...
National Center for Infectious Diseases The material in this report originated in the National Immunization Program, Walter A. ... for Infectious Diseases; and Demetria Gardner, CDC/National Immunization Program. References. ... National Immunization Program; 3Bioterrorism Prevention and Response Program, 4Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, 5 ... medical subspecialists, including infectious disease specialists;¶ *infection-control professionals; *respiratory therapists; * ...
October 2008 - Volume 27 - Issue 10 : The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Benefits of Early Hepatitis B Immunization Programs for Newborns and Infants. Van Herck, Koen; Van Damme, Pierre ... The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal® Newsletter The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal® Newsletter: October 2008. Nelson ... Concise Reviews of Pediatric Infectious Diseases® Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus: ... Thought you might appreciate this item(s) I saw at The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.. ...
Table 1 - Progress in Vaccine-Preventable and Respiratory Infectious Diseases-First 10 Years of the CDC National Center for...
NCIRD programs supported outbreak response for new respiratory pathogens and oversaw response of the Centers for Disease ... Clinical tools were developed for improved conversations with parents, which helped sustain childhood immunization as a social ... Other national public health institutes might also find closer linkages between epidemiology, laboratory, and immunization ... at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. During its first 10 years (2006-2015), NCIRD worked with partners to improve ...
Lamar Schools Re-2 - Section J
Infectious, Parasitic and Communicable Diseases | Consortium of Universities for Global Health
Childhood Infectious Diseases, Immunization Impacts | Encyclopedia.com
Policy ResponseImpacts and IssuesPrimary Source ConnectionBIBLIOGRAPHY Source for information on Childhood Infectious Diseases ... While only smallpox has been eradicated, the impact of many diseases is a shadow of prior centuries. Immunization programs have ... "Childhood Infectious Diseases, Immunization Impacts ." Infectious Diseases: In Context. . Encyclopedia.com. 4 Mar. 2021 ,https ... "Childhood Infectious Diseases, Immunization Impacts ." Infectious Diseases: In Context. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 4, 2021). ...
DPH-11-004 Pre-Kindergarten and School Immunization Requirements
Border Infectious Disease Surveillance - Mosquito-borne-diseases. *Border Infetious Disease Surveillance - Rocky Mountain ... Programs**. Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. *. Chronic Disease and Injury Control. *. ... Center for Infectious Diseases. *. HIV/AIDS. *. Binational Border Health. *. Communicable Disease Control. * ... Immunizations. *. Nutrition. *. Quit Smoking. *. Sexually Transmitted Disease Testing. ...
Immunization Spotlight - Emerging Infectious Diseases journal - CDC
Find articles about immunization from the Emerging Infectious Diseases journal at CDC. ... Modeling Insights into Haemophilus influenzae Type b Disease, Transmission, and Vaccine Programs Michael L. Jackson et al. ... Emerging Infectious Diseases: a 10-Year Perspective from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Anthony S. ... Progress in Vaccine-Preventable and Respiratory Infectious Diseases-First 10 Years of the CDC National Center for Immunization ...
The Age of Autism: Mercury ban opposed - UPI.com
Infectious Diseases Society of America; National Coalition on Adult Immunization; National Foundation for Infectious Diseases; ... Profoundly affect global immunization programs, as do many U.S. vaccine policy decision." ... Parents of Kids with Infectious Diseases; Pediatric Infectious Disease Society; Society for Adolescent Medicine; Society of ... Association of Immunization Program Managers; Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists; Every Child by Two; Hepatitis B ...
Public Health investigating 14 confirmed, 3 suspected measles cases | Clark County Washington
Green Programs. Green NeighborsGreen Schools. Immunization. For PublicFor Providers. Infectious Diseases. OverviewAnimal bites ... Birth and Death CertificatesImmunization and Medical RecordsPrivacy Practices. Child and Family Health. OverviewChildren w/ ... Chronic Disease Prevention. Healthy Eating - Active LivingHealthy CommunitiesLiving Smoke Free ... rabiesFlu (Influenza)Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)Syringe ExchangeResources for Providers ...
Clark County measles outbreak update: One new confirmed, two suspect cases | Clark County Washington
Green programs. Green neighborsGreen schools. Immunization. For publicFor providers. Infectious diseases. OverviewAnimal bites ... If you are unsure of your familys immunization status, you can view, download and print your familys immunization information ... Chronic disease prevention. Healthy eating - active livingHealthy communitiesLiving smoke freeReport smoking violations ... Birth and death certificatesImmunization and medical recordsPrivacy practices. Child and family health. OverviewChildren w/ ...
Search Healthy People 2020 Evidence-Based Resources | Healthy People 2020
Immunization and Infectious Diseases 2015 Systematic Review 4 out of 4 Vaccination Programs: Client Reminder and Recall Systems ... Remove Immunization and Infectious Diseases filter Immunization and Infectious Diseases. *Injury and Violence Prevention (0) ... Immunization and Infectious Diseases, Public Health Infrastructure 2015 Systematic Review 4 out of 4 Vaccination Programs: ... Immunization and Infectious Diseases, Public Health Infrastructure 2014 Systematic Review 4 out of 4 Vaccination Programs: ...
Hepatitis A - Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
Transplant Infectious Disease Program. The Transplant Infectious Disease Program, part of the Massachusetts General Hospital ... Currently Browsing:Infectious Diseases. * Travel & Immunization Center. The Travelers Advice and Immunization Practices ... Liver and Hepatitis Program. The Liver and Hepatitis Program at Massachusetts General Hospital provides expert consultation and ... Transplant Psychiatry Program The Transplant Psychiatry Program in the Massachusetts General Hospital Transplant Center is an ...
Communist state - Wikipedia
"Implications of the Diphtheria Epidemic in the Former Soviet Union for Immunization Programs". Journal of Infectious Diseases. ... "Emerging Infectious Diseases. 4 (4): 539-550. doi:10.3201/eid0404.980404. PMC 2640235. PMID 9866730. Retrieved 18 July 2016.. ... "Non-communicable Diseases and Former Soviet Union countries". World Health Organization. Retrieved 18 July 2016.. ... rates of disease, infant mortality, domestic violence and income inequality, along with decreases in ...
Immunization. Telephone: (800) 282-0546 Email: [email protected] Infectious Diseases ... Zoonotic Diseases, West Nile Virus, Rabies, Animal Bites. Zoonotic Disease Program. Telephone: (614) 752-1029. Email: [email protected] ... Offers information on programs such as BabyNet, child passenger safety seats, infant hearing screenings, Children with Medical ... Lead Poisoning Prevention Program. Telephone: 614-466-1450. Email: [email protected] ...
Vaccine Market 2017 - Forecast to 2022 - Focus on Therapeutic Vaccines - News Press Release | PharmiWeb.com
High Prevalence of Infectious Diseases *Rising Focus on Immunization Programs *Growing Government Support for Vaccine ... 9 Vaccine Market, By Disease Indication. 10 Vaccine Market, By Route of Administration. 11 Vaccine Market, By End User. 12 ... This report segments the vaccines market into technology, type, disease indication, route of administration, end user, and ... Factors such as rising prevalence of diseases, increasing government and nongovernment funding for vaccine development, and ...
Estimating the immunogenicity of measles-rubella vaccination administered during a mass campaign in Lao People's Democratic...
We gratefully acknowledge all the surveyors and supervisors from the National Immunization Program and National Centre for ... Centre for Mathematical Modelling of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of ... Department of Virology III, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 4-7-1 Gakuen, Musaashi-Murayama, Tokyo, 208-0011, Japan ... Ministry of Health, National Immunization Program, Simeuang Road, Vientiane, Lao PDR. *Anonh Xeuatvongsa ...
Travel & Immunization Center
Advice and Immunization Practices specialize in the care of the routine adult and pediatric traveler, as well as care of the ... infectious-diseases. adult-pediatrics. t. true. * Home- * Medicine- * Infectious Diseases- * ...- * Treatments & Programs ... Immunization Center is also a Member of the Heading Home Healthy Program, also supported by the US Centers for Disease Control ... The Travel & Immunization Center is a Member of the Global TravEpiNet Program. Global TravEpiNet is a national network of ...
3rd Annual Dubai International Conference on Infectious Diseases and Vaccination 2018 - DICID - Benefits of Attending | Online...
Dubai International Conference on Infectious Diseases and Vaccination Dubai 2016 discuss updates & guidelines of infectious ... Hear from regional and international experts in the field of infectious diseases and immunisation ... Develop highly effective hospital infection control programs. *Review latest diagnostics for early detection of infectious ... Get updates of immunisation recommendations for children and adults. * ...
Influenza Vaccination Requirements for Healthcare Personnel in U.S. Hospitals: Results of a National Survey | Infection Control...
6. Healthy People 2020 Topics & Objectives: Immunization and Infectious Diseases: Topic IID-12.9. The Department of Health and ... 7. Goals for 2014-15 VA Influenza Vaccination Program. Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Publice Health website. http ... www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/immunization-and-infectious-diseases/objectives. Published 2014. Accessed ... 1. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Immunization of health-care personnel: recommendations of the Advisory ...
Organizations: : H: Health Promotion - healthfinder.gov
Some highlights include medical and social science research; preventing outbreak of infectious disease, including immunization ... Intervention programs include a program designed to prevent back pain and educational and rehabilitation programs for cardiac ... Noncommunicable Diseases, Injury and Environmental Health; and Infectious Diseases. CDC employs more than 15,000 employees in ... OMH programs address disease prevention, health promotion, risk reduction, healthier lifestyle choices, use of health care ...
What Do Proposed Budget Cuts Mean For Infectious Diseases?
Proposed budget cuts will have a profound impact on infectious diseases, likely leading to a surge in HIV/AIDS and measles, ... Immunizations: The administrations budget proposal includes cutting more than $85 million from the CDCs immunization programs ... I am an Infectious Disease specialist and author of Resilience: One Familys Story of Hope and Triumph over Evil and of ... I am an Infectious Disease specialist and author of Resilience: One Familys Story of Hope and Triumph over Evil and of ...
Department of Health and Human Services - SourceWatch
Preventing outbreak of infectious disease, including immunization services. *Assuring food and drug safety ... the School Breakfast Program, the Food Stamp Program, and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and ... "Nutrition Education" programs. In March 2004, HHS launched the Healthy Lifestyles and Disease Prevention Initiative, which " ... Programs. HHS overseas over 300 programs covering a wide spectrum of activities, including:. *Medical and social science ...
Elimination of acute hepatitis B among adolescents after one... : The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
British Columbia introduced a preadolescent hepatitis B (HB) immunization program in 1 ... immunization program in 1992. This study documents trends in the reported rate of acute HB disease since 1992 and examines ... Elimination of acute hepatitis B among adolescents after one decade of an immunization program targeting Grade 6 students. ... The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal: October 2003 - Volume 22 - Issue 10 - p 874-878 ...
OMEGA Services | NorthShore
Casebook 2016 - Casebook 2016 - Western University
... infectious disease prevention; safe needle disposal). Case 7 - What Do We Do About the Families? (keywords: health literacy; ... paper immunization records). Case 6 - Safe Needles Save Lives (keywords: harm reduction; needle exchange programs; safe drug ... immunization coverage; immunization registry; information system; original immunization data; ... Master of Public Health Program. 1465 Richmond Street, 4th Floor. London, Ontario, Canada, N6G 2M1. Tel: 519.661.3184. ...
PassivePresentInfluenzaEmerging InfectioImportance of ImmunizationsAdults2018Advisory CommitteeProvide immunizationsTuberculosisPolioAdvice and Immunization PracticesMeningococcal DiseaseAmerican Academy ofChildhoodInfectionsEpidemiologySociety of AmericaPertussisChildren's HospitalRoutineACIPOverall immunizationVaccinationsHepatitisSurveillanceInfants and childrenImmunityMaternalPneumoniaChildrenPreventablePneumococcal DiseasePediatric Infectious DiseasesCommitteeImplementationHealthAdultGlobal immunizationJournal of Infectious DiseasesClinicalInfantPrevention of infectious diseasesVaccination Programs
- Know the distinction between passive and active immunization and their examples of artificial active immunization immunization : Active Immunity. (karaoke101.net)
- Artificial active immunization is where the microbe is injected into the A common example of this form of active immunization is Passive immunity, 14/03/2017В В· Immunity: Active vs Passive Science Sauce. (karaoke101.net)
- The benefits of immunization are increasingly being extended to adolescents and adults, providing protection against life-threatening diseases such as influenza, meningitis, and cancers (cervical and liver cancers). (cdc.gov)
- The purpose of this program is to examine the feasibility of expanding the utilization of pro-active pharmacist influenza vaccination programs and examine the impact of such programs on pneumococcal vaccination rates among pharmacy clients. (federalregister.gov)
- Use of a mandatory declination form in a program for influenza vaccination of healthcare workers. (healthtap.com)
- Since 2004, Poland has also served on the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) Taskforce on Pandemic Influenza. (go.com)
- An outbreak of severe respiratory illness is identified in a small village in a country known to have experienced recent avian influenza disease. (pogo.org)
- The purpose of this statement is to recommend implementation of a mandatory influenza immunization policy for all health care personnel. (aappublications.org)
- Immunization of health care personnel is a critically important step to substantially reduce health care-associated influenza infections. (aappublications.org)
- Despite the efforts of many organizations to improve influenza immunization rates with the use of voluntary campaigns, influenza coverage among health care personnel remains unacceptably low. (aappublications.org)
- Mandatory influenza immunization for all health care personnel is ethically justified, necessary, and long overdue to ensure patient safety. (aappublications.org)
- Annual immunization of health care personnel (HCP) is a matter of patient safety and necessary to significantly reduce health care-associated influenza infections. (aappublications.org)
- Medical and religious exemptions to required influenza immunization can be granted on an individual basis. (aappublications.org)
- Immunization is the most effective way to prevent influenza outbreaks, so it is recommended for everyone 6 months of age and older. (aappublications.org)
- 1 Therefore, immunization of HCP is a critically important step for protecting those at risk from health care-associated influenza. (aappublications.org)
- With nearly one-fourth of U.S. adults getting influenza vaccinations in pharmacy-based settings, pharmacists are well suited as trusted providers to deliver immunizations,' said Brad Tice, PharmD, director of product strategy for adherence and wellness at Cardinal Health. (cardinalhealth.com)
- Background: Influenza illnesses can result in missed days at work and societal costs, but influenza vaccination can reduce the risk of disease. (cdc.gov)
- Prior to a pandemic event, more specificity on occupational codes to define exact industries and occupations in each tier group would be beneficial in implementing pandemic influenza vaccination programs and monitoring the success of these programs. (cdc.gov)
- Why GAO Did This Study: The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic was the first human pandemic in over four decades, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that there were as many as 89 million U.S. cases. (gao.gov)
- Recommendations from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) for the 2017/2018 influenza season are not substantially changed from those of last season. (deepdyve.com)
Importance of Immunizations1
- The AAFP Foundation applauds this year's program winners for their dedication to protecting children from infectious diseases and to raising awareness of the importance of immunizations to a community's health and well-being," said Craig M. Doane, executive director of the AAFP Foundation. (aafp.org)
- Please oppose all anti-thimerosal legislative proposals and help further (the) nation's work in protecting children and adults against vaccine-preventable diseases. (upi.com)
- Despite the progress, approximately 42,000 adults and 300 children in the United States die each year from vaccine-preventable diseases. (nih.gov)
- Additionally, approximately 50,000 adults die annually from vaccine-preventable diseases, according to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases. (cardinalhealth.com)
- Access to immunizations has increased, especially for adults, with changes like expanded clinic hours and additional access points (pharmacies, health departments, mobile care vehicles, schools and workplaces, for example). (cardinalhealth.com)
- Our clinic offers pre- and post-travel services for infectious diseases related to travel for adults over the age of 18. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- They protect children and adults from infectious diseases through immunization. (wikipedia.org)
- An issue brief entitled Medicaid Waiver Programs Part II - Home- and Community-Based Services Medicaid Waivers for Adults discusses the six waivers available to adults. (colorado.gov)
- This coordinated effort results in development and implementation of immunization recommendations for infants, children, adolescents, and adults. (annals.org)
- In addition, those adults who have never had chicken pox or measles during childhood and have not been vaccinated against these diseases should consider being vaccinated. (chw.org)
- Examines the efficacy of a diphtheria immunization program for adults in Ukraine in 1996. (ebscohost.com)
- Abstract: During a mass diphtheria-tetanus immunization campaign in November 1975, more than 220,000 doses of diphtheria-tetanus toxoid, adult type were administered to adults throughout Alaska. (ebscohost.com)
- Vaccine compliance and timely immunizations are crucial for maintaining the health of children and preventing illness in both children and adults," said Mark H. Belfer, D.O., FAAFP and president of the AAFP Foundation. (aafp.org)
- Health news in 2018 included public health investigations, innovative programs from diaper banks to snowshoes in libraries, and our continued efforts to bend the curve on substance use disorder. (healthvermont.gov)
- We are the only pediatric hospital in Tennessee ranked in 10 out of 10 pediatric specialty programs in U.S. News & World Report magazine's 2017-2018 "Best Children's Hospitals. (pids.org)
- Update on invasive meningococcal vaccination for Canadian children and youth Robinson, Joan L 2018-02-01 00:00:00 Abstract Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is serious, often resulting in fulminant sepsis or meningitis. (deepdyve.com)
- This report supplements the 2001 statement by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) (CDC. (cdc.gov)
- Vaccinia [smallpox] vaccine: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices [ACIP], 2001. (cdc.gov)
- In the United States , recommendations for vaccine use are made by the Public Health Service Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, in conjunction with the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Academy of Family Practice, American College of Physicians (representing adult medicine specialists), and other professional organizations. (encyclopedia.com)
- The need for a single childhood immunization schedule prompted the unification of previous vaccine recommendations made by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). (cdc.gov)
- For approximately 30 years, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the Committee on Infectious Diseases (COID) of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) -- the two groups responsible for developing vaccine recommendations for the public and private sectors -- worked to develop similar schedules for routine childhood vaccination. (cdc.gov)
- The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) consists of 15 experts in immunization and related fields, selected by the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, to provide advice and guidance on control of vaccine-preventable diseases. (annals.org)
- Annual flu vaccination has been recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for all persons 6 months and older since the 2010-11 season ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
- Clark County Public Health does not provide immunizations or testing for immunity. (wa.gov)
- Brady said the goal for children is still to provide immunizations along with comprehensive well child growth and development care at a primary medical home, but making immunizations more convenient can help ensure children aren't slipping through the cracks. (cardinalhealth.com)
- We do not provide immunizations independently of pre-travel office visits. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- THE CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN) is the U.S. reference and referral service for information on HIV/AIDS, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and tuberculosis (TB). (healthfinder.gov)
- Responsibilities on the clinical service include the evaluation and management of children admitted to the Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, as well as outpatient consultations in the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Clinic, the Pediatric HIV clinic, the local county health department tuberculosis clinic, and the Pediatric Emergency Department. (pids.org)
Advice and Immunization Practices2
- The Travelers' Advice and Immunization Practices specialize in the care of the routine adult and pediatric traveler, as well as care of the long-term, high risk, specialty, immunocompromised, pediatric or pregnant traveler. (massgeneral.org)
- Our Travelers' Advice and Immunization Practices provide complete pre-travel medical evaluation, including education about prevention of illness (food and water precautions, mosquito precautions, precautions for altitude sickness) and immunizations and prophylaxis. (massgeneral.org)
- The information parents and the public are being provided with regarding meningococcal disease and the MeNZB(tm) vaccine is seriously deficient. (scoop.co.nz)
- Although the disease burden of IMD in Canada is lower than for other invasive bacterial infections, including pneumococcal disease, meningococcal disease remains of great concern to both physicians and parents due to the characteristic rapid evolution of disease, sometimes leading to death or loss of limbs or digits. (deepdyve.com)
American Academy of1
- In parallel to the process followed by the American College of Physicians, the Committee on Infectious Diseases of the American Academy of Pediatrics makes recommendations to the American Academy of Pediatrics Board of Directors on immunization recommendations for infants, children, and adolescents. (annals.org)
- The Expanded Program on Immunization begun in 1974 by the WHO provides similar support worldwide for childhood vaccination. (encyclopedia.com)
- Childhood immunization programs provide a very high return on investment. (nih.gov)
- The unification of these childhood immunization schedules is essential to issuing consistent recommendations for both private and public health practitioners and for parents. (cdc.gov)
- The objective of this working group was to develop a single, scientifically valid childhood immunization schedule -- presented in an easily comprehensible format -- that would accommodate the current recommendations of both ACIP and AAP and ensure the timely vaccination of preschool-age children. (cdc.gov)
- This report presents the recommended childhood immunization schedule (approved by ACIP, AAP, and AAFP) ( Table 1 ) and the rationale for changing the previous recommendations. (cdc.gov)
- Many childhood diseases can be prevented by following recommended guidelines for vaccinations. (chw.org)
- The AAFP Foundation Wyeth Immunization Awards Program recognizes family medicine residency programs that are overcoming barriers to childhood immunizations and sharing the best practices. (aafp.org)
- In the past, chickenpox would cause millions of infections and more than 10,000 hospitalizations every year, but a vaccine for the disease has changed the current situation for chickenpox in childhood. (healthday.com)
- The Border Infectious Disease Surveillance program (BIDS) was established in 1999 as a binational surveillance system for emerging infections and other communicable diseases of public health significance for the U.S.-Mexico border region. (ca.gov)
- The Transplant Infectious Disease Program, part of the Massachusetts General Hospital Transplant Center, is a part of the life-long care provided to organ, bone marrow and stem cell transplant recipients and others with increased risk for infections. (massgeneral.org)
- Rear Admiral Couig ( 2006 ), in the Overview and Summary for the Issue in OJIN titled Infectious Diseases: Challenges and Solutions , highlights the ethical obligation nurses have to keep current about infections and their prevention and treatment. (nursingworld.org)
- The public trusts us with the following duties: 1) to not work when sick, 2) to protect ourselves and patients from disease, 3) to monitor and speak about infections and practice, and 4) to provide care even if it means self-risk from infection. (nursingworld.org)
- Indeed, vaccination programs have eliminated smallpox infections. (britannica.com)
- The Geographic Medicine Center (GMC) is engaged in the clinical services, research, and teaching/educational activities in the areas of tropical diseases/emerging infections, vaccine preventable diseases and travel health. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- Globally, an estimated 2 billion people or one in three have a marker for past or current infection [ 1 ], About 4.5 million new infections occur each year and one in four progress to liver disease [ 2 ]. (omicsonline.org)
- Poland was awarded the Secretary of Defense Award for Excellence in December 2008, the Hsu prize in International Infectious Disease Epidemiology in 2007 by the University of Iowa, and the Charles Merieux Lifetime Achievement Award in Vaccinology from the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases in May 2006. (go.com)
- My research background is in paediatric infectious diseases, in which I have a clinical appointment at the Childrens Hospital, Westmead and in the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases, which was the subject of my PhD in the School of Public Health on invasive Hib disease. (edu.au)
Society of America2
- Looking for a broader perspective than what I see in my practice, I spoke with leaders of the IDSA (Infectious Diseases Society of America and the HIVMA (HIV Medicine Association). (forbes.com)
- In 2012, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) released updated guidelines for recognizing and treating acute bacterial sinusitis. (umm.edu)
- BIDS projects and activities encompass binational collaboration, enhanced surveillance, provider training, and reporting of urgent and routine infectious diseases in the border region. (ca.gov)
- Many of those children, known as "the fifth child(ren)", are in Africa, where equitable access to routine health services--including immunization--is particularly problematic due to poverty, lack of education, and weak health systems. (huffingtonpost.com)
- Supporting essential routine immunization systems requires robust supply chains with functioning cold chain equipment to maintain vaccine potency all the way to the rural villages and shantytowns where so many unimmunized children live. (huffingtonpost.com)
- For routine immunizations in need of updating, you will be referred back to your Primary Care Provider for administration of the vaccine. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- IMD in Canada is primarily attributable to serogroups B and C. There are routine programs for serogroup C vaccine at 12 months of age, with some jurisdictions routinely providing additional earlier doses. (deepdyve.com)
- Since the introduction of routine conjugated meningococcal C (Men-C-C) immunization programs for infants, there has been a substantial decrease in meningococcal serogroup C incidence in all age groups, with no evidence of replacement by other meningococcal serogroups (5). (deepdyve.com)
- Patients taking medication for chronic cardiovascular disease ( e.g. congestive heart failure, cardiomyopathies), chronic pulmonary disease (COPD, emphysema), and chronic liver disease are candidates for pneumococcal vaccinations. (federalregister.gov)
- Read easy-to-understand immunization and vaccination schedules, get info on diseases that vaccinations prevent, and have your vaccine questions answered. (stlouis-mo.gov)
- In fact, vaccinations are one of the most important public health measures for preventing disease. (immunizationinfo.org)
- Vaccinations prevent you or your child from getting diseases for which there are often no medical treatments. (rexhealth.com)
- Vaccinations offer protection from common infectious diseases. (colorado.gov)
- Hepatitis A is a highly contagious and sometimes serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus. (massgeneral.org)
- Hepatitis A is a liver disease that is easily spread from person to person (highly contagious). (massgeneral.org)
- British Columbia introduced a preadolescent hepatitis B (HB) immunization program in 1992. (lww.com)
- As part of a special program within the Infectious Diseases Clinic, infants and children with Hepatitis B and C are followed. (bmc.org)
- There is an active program to identify, evaluate, and manage congenital Hepatitis C, and have access to state of the art diagnostics and therapeutics. (bmc.org)
- Cuban surveillance system for BM allowed to characterize the main epidemiological features of this group of diseases, as well as to assess the association of some variables with mortality. (biomedcentral.com)
- As expected due to overlapping years and populations, the serogroup distribution in the two surveillance programs was similar: B (55% to 57%), C (12% to 19%), Y (17%), W (5%) and other/unknown (4% to 9%) (5,6). (deepdyve.com)
Infants and children3
- They form the basis for all federal food assistance and nutrition programs, including the School Lunch Program, the School Breakfast Program, the Food Stamp Program, and the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). (sourcewatch.org)
- WHO noted that infants and children are the most vulnerable to diseases. (interaksyon.com)
- Vermont is 2nd healthiest state for women, infants and children, teen immunization rates up, pharmacies sell overdose-reversal naloxone without prescription, PFOA blood testing, and more news. (healthvermont.gov)
- The discovery that microorganisms caused infectious diseases provided a scientific foundation for this immunity phenomenon. (encyclopedia.com)
- Active immunization is the process of inducing immunity without causing disease. (encyclopedia.com)
- Julie Hall, a former WHO representative to the Philippines, notes that children who receive vaccination have a heightened immunity against diseases. (interaksyon.com)
- Passive immunization refers to temporary immunity resulting from antibodies developed by someone else, either through administration of immune globulin (e.g., gamma globulin , rabies immune globulin) or through the natural transfer across the placenta of antibodies developed by the mother, which provide protection to the newborn infant. (encyclopedia.com)
- According to its website, the foundation also seeks to offer "health solutions for family planning, nutrition, maternal, neonatal and child health, tobacco control and vaccine-preventable disease. (wnd.com)
- Representatives from state immunization programs, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration, and vaccine manufacturers also participated. (cdc.gov)
- To watch Zavoico's track record, click here)'We do not believe these new, positive results will lead the FDA to reconsider its decision to require another Phase III trial of ResVax by maternal immunization before considering a BLA filing. (yahoo.com)
- In some children, a second disease develops soon after the first, and the weakened body succumbs. (encyclopedia.com)
- The Pediatric Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Disease Center at MassGeneral Hospital for Children diagnoses and treats infants, children and adolescents with diverse hepatic, biliary and pancreatic disorders. (massgeneral.org)
- Offers information on programs such as BabyNet, child passenger safety seats, infant hearing screenings, Children with Medical Handicaps, among others. (ohio.gov)
- because "society saves $13.6 billion in direct health-care costs, 42,000 lives are saved, and 20 million cases of disease are prevented" for each group of children who were fully immunized. (forbes.com)
- The Immunization Alliance meeting was supported by the Tomorrows Children Endowment of the AAP. (leftbrainrightbrain.co.uk)
- Children who have caught certain infectious diseases need to stay away from school or child care until they have completely recovered. (mydr.com.au)
- Because infectious diseases are spread by contact with others, there are regulations about when children can go back to school or child care after contracting these diseases. (mydr.com.au)
- Globally, one-in-five children has not been fully immunized against common, vaccine-preventable diseases. (huffingtonpost.com)
- This has prompted officials and other agencies-particularly PAO-to condemn DOH and make them accountable for the supposed deaths that have occurred among children after the vaccination program was launched. (interaksyon.com)
- However, pathologist Raymundo Lao has refuted PAO's claims and stated that the children had "very serious disease" prior to the immunization. (interaksyon.com)
- President Rodrigo Duterte also appealed to the parents to have their children vaccinated and avail of the government's free immunization programs. (interaksyon.com)
- The recommended schedule of immunizations in the year 2000 for infants and young children is shown in Figure 1. (encyclopedia.com)
- We believe the integrity, ethics, safety and justifications for the mass immunisation of 1.15 million New Zealand children is deeply flawed, dangerous, a violation of the principles of public health and informed consent, contrary to the Nuremburg Code, in breach of the Health and Disability Commissioner's Code of Practice and various Acts of Parliament and therefore illegal. (scoop.co.nz)
- Estimates show that around 20 million illnesses and more than 40,000 deaths are prevented with each generation of children that receives their recommended immunizations, according to a 2016 report in Pharmacy & Therapeutics . (cardinalhealth.com)
- Effective delivery of current public health immunization programs using PPV-23 and extending protection to infants and young children using the PCV-7 will prevent many cases of IPD. (hindawi.com)
- New Hampshire law He-P 301.13-15 requires that all children enrolled in any school, pre-school, or child care have certain immunizations to protect them and those around them from vaccine preventable diseases. (nh.gov)
- In addition, schools and child care providers must collect and review the immunization records of enrolled children and submit an annual immunization report to the DHHS (RSA 141-C:20-e). (nh.gov)
- Infectious diseases are commonly spread among children who are not immunized. (halton.ca)
- The Halton Region Health Department collects, assesses and maintains immunization records for all children in licensed child care centres. (halton.ca)
- However, children at increased risk for IMD should start immunization for serogroups B and C as soon as possible, assuming that they are at least 2 months of age. (deepdyve.com)
- Serogroup B disease has a peak incidence in children younger than 5 years of age and now accounts for over 70% of cases in this age group and over one-half of cases in all age groups (5,6). (deepdyve.com)
- However, without active monitoring and established protocols, immunization rates can fall, leaving children at risk for serious infectious diseases. (aafp.org)
- System Implementation - implementing a new system that will increase immunization rates in medically underserved children. (aafp.org)
- National Infant Immunization Week , set for April 24 - April 28, 2017 , is an annual observance to highlight the importance of protecting against vaccine-preventable diseases. (cdc.gov)
- Immunization recommendations in the United States currently target 17 vaccine-preventable diseases across the lifespan. (nih.gov)
- Chapter 3: Vaccine Preventable Diseases. (whale.to)
- My hope is that it does not result in the return of vaccine-preventable diseases. (nfid.org)
Pediatric Infectious Diseases2
- Persons younger than 18 should seek out care through Pediatric Infectious Diseases . (hopkinsmedicine.org)
- The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Fellowship program is a three-year ACGME-accredited program designed to prepare fellows for fulfilling careers in infectious diseases, tailored to the individual aspirations of the trainee. (pids.org)
- The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) leads the development of the CIG with contributions from other experts, including the Committee to Advise on Tropical medicine and Travel (CATMAT) members. (canada.ca)
- This practice point summarizes the most recent recommendations from the National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) (1). (deepdyve.com)
- When feasible, the first-stage vaccination program should include previously vaccinated health-care personnel to decrease the potential for adverse events. (cdc.gov)
- In 1798, Edward Jenner (1749-1823) proved the effectiveness of vaccination as a strategy in preventing smallpox, and in 1956, the World Health Organization (WHO) in conjunction with national governments began a immunization program to eradicate smallpox from the world. (encyclopedia.com)
- Immunization is one of the most successful and cost-effective health interventions, preventing millions of deaths every year. (cdc.gov)
- If you are unsure of your family's immunization status, you can view, download and print your family's immunization information online at MyIR or request a copy of your immunization record from the Washington State Department of Health . (wa.gov)
- The Office of the Air Force Surgeon General (AF/SG) develops and implements medical programs and policies that provide for the health care of active duty and retired military personnel and their family members. (healthfinder.gov)
- CDC's Mission is to collaborate to create the expertise, information, and tools that people and communities need to protect their health - through health promotion, prevention of disease, injury and disability, and preparedness for new health threats. (healthfinder.gov)
- The Division of Oral Health (DOH) serves as a national resource for activities to prevent oral diseases and to improve oral health. (healthfinder.gov)
- DOH can provide information on fluoridation, dental sealants, activities being conducted by state oral health programs, and statistics on oral disease and use of dental services. (healthfinder.gov)
- The CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) consists of nine divisions that support a variety of activities that improve the nation's health by preventing chronic diseases and their risk factors. (healthfinder.gov)
- As an infectious disease physician, one of the many disheartening things in the recently proposed budget by this administration is the effect it will have on public health. (forbes.com)
- Health department officials are advising people who visited areas this tourist did at that time to be revaccinated if they are not up to date on their immunizations. (forbes.com)
- HHS' medicare program is the nation's largest health insurer. (sourcewatch.org)
- Their purpose is to educate consumers on dietary choices which promote health and avoid or postpone diet-related chronic diseases. (sourcewatch.org)
- According to the World Health Organization , "Much of the [world's] burden of disease can be prevented or cured with known, affordable technologies. (huffingtonpost.com)
- Too often an afterthought, relegated to untrained and poorly managed staff, and woefully under-resourced, health supply chains in many low-income countries cannot cope with the increasing demands of global health programs. (huffingtonpost.com)
- On February 24th and 25th, African health and finance ministers will convene at the African Union in Ethiopia to talk about immunization for the first time. (huffingtonpost.com)
- A Web-based program to ensure compliance of medical staff providers with mandated health care facility requirements. (healthtap.com)
- Microbiology: A Systems Approach is a microbiology text for non-science/allied health majors with a body systems approach to the disease chapters. (ecampus.com)
- How does the educator's decision impact you as the staff nurse or as the administrator of the health care facility or the nursing program? (nursingworld.org)
- Since 1961 a Mandatory Report of Diseases, including BM, was implemented by Public Health Ministry. (biomedcentral.com)
- It is the authors' contention that unless these issues are aired and resolved in a public and forthright way, the future integrity and functioning of the Ministry of Health and all vaccination programs will be greatly damaged. (scoop.co.nz)
- The Canadian Immunization Guide (CIG) is published and maintained by the Public Health Agency of Canada. (canada.ca)
- Dr. Judith Bossé, Assistant Deputy Minister, Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Branch and Dr. John Spika, Director General, Centre for Immunization and Respiratory Infectious Diseases of the Public Health Agency of Canada, would like to acknowledge the following people for their dedication and contributions to the renewal of the Canadian Immunization Guide. (canada.ca)
- The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's global health program focuses on prevention of infectious diseases. (wnd.com)
- A new agency, BARDA (Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority), facilitates collaboration between government, industry, and academia in the flu vaccine program and other public health emergency programs. (pogo.org)
- The magnitude of the threat to the nation calls for the immediate appointment of an exceptional person of near-cabinet-level stature to lead the program who commands respect in the business and public health communities-someone willing to blast through financial and bureaucratic roadblocks. (pogo.org)
- But the administration of immunizations is largely done through programs at the state, local, health system or provider level. (cardinalhealth.com)
- Refugee Health Assessment Program sees refugees who have recently arrived in the United States. (bmc.org)
- The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services is the managing sponsor of a new immunization web site. (stlouis-mo.gov)
- According to a poll of visitors to the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases (NFID) website , more than 35 percent of respondents have canceled family gatherings or social events, 21 percent have had mental/physical health affected, and 12 percent have seen an impact on their financial stability. (nfid.org)
- Taking great care of health is always essential for all age groups, not only to improve appearance, but the key benefit is also to stay away from diseases. (bangkokhospital.com)
- People who have obesity or overweight, compared to those with a normal or healthy weight, are at increased risk for several diseases and health conditions including fatty liver, obstructive sleep apnea, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), urinary incontinence, bone and joints disorders as well as gynecologic abnormalities such as irregular menstruations and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). (bangkokhospital.com)
- Particularly, due to lack of understanding and health awareness, women in working age over 35 and post-menopause are at greater risk to develop heart disease, compared to other age groups. (bangkokhospital.com)
- University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) A University of Pittsburgh-developed program successfully boosts vaccination rates in adult patients seen at primary care offices, two recent studies demonstrated. (medworm.com)
- The Travellers' Health course prepares health professionals and travel industry staff to give relevant health information to travellers and to assess travel-related problems occurring during and after travel, with a special focus on tropical diseases. (swisstph.ch)
- The Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI) advises the Minister for Health on the National Immunisation Program (NIP) and other immunisation issues. (health.gov.au)
- Local health departments also conduct programs that are shown to effectively make communities healthier. (wikipedia.org)
- Some local health departments programs include: Helping ensure clean drinking water, access to safe and healthy foods, and children's safety through use of car seats. (wikipedia.org)
- PCOs are the state-level focal point for primary care safety net activities, with a focus on the federal National Health Service Corps (NHSC) and Health Center Program. (astho.org)
- The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) Information Clearinghouse serves the public, patients, and health professionals by providing information, locating other information sources, creating health information materials, and participating in a national Federal database on health Hours of operation: 8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m., Monday-Friday (eastern time, except Federal holidays). (health.gov)
- The NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center provides patients, health professionals, and the public with an important link to resources and information on metabolic bone diseases. (health.gov)
- The NRC is supported by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases with contributions from the National Institute on Aging, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, NIH Office of Research on Women's Health and HHS Office on Women's Health. (health.gov)
- Until further notice, Halton Region Public Health has temporarily suspended all school health programs. (halton.ca)
- Report all your child's immunizations to the Halton Region Health Department. (halton.ca)
- If you have updated the Health Department with your child's immunization records or are wondering if your school submitted them on your behalf, we can let you know what records we have on file. (halton.ca)
- healthfinder e-cards allow you to remind your family and friends how to stay up to date on recommended immunizations as well as other health topics. (immunizeca.org)
- We are proud to recognize programs that share our vision of achieving optimal health for everyone. (aafp.org)
- This conference is designed to provide primary care clinicians with up-to-date, evidence-based information on commonly encountered issues in Pediatric and Adult Infectious Diseases for Primary Care, while suggesting pragmatic approaches to clinical management. (mceconferences.com)
- Keynote speakers will present and critically assess recent advancements and industry updates in Pediatric and Adult Infectious Diseases with the goal of enhancing the knowledge-base and core competence of attendees. (mceconferences.com)
- All Physicians and other Healthcare Professionals seeking clinical information about Pediatric and Adult Infectious Diseases. (mceconferences.com)
- Case-Control Evaluation of an Adult Diphtheria Immunization Program in Ukraine. (ebscohost.com)
Journal of Infectious Diseases1
- I am an Infectious Disease specialist and author of Resilience: One Family's Story of Hope and Triumph over Evil and of Conducting Clinical Research, the essential guide to the topic. (forbes.com)
- Its unique organization in the disease chapters presents students with information in the way they would encounter it in a clinical setting, instead of separating disease information by taxonomy. (ecampus.com)
- Recent NICHD Funding has allowed the clinical program to focus on the risk factors for transmission of HCV from mother to infant. (bmc.org)
- ANIX ), a biotechnology company focused on the treatment and prevention of cancer and infectious diseases, today announced that its prophylactic breast cancer vaccine is making progress towards clinical trials. (prnewswire.com)
- These celebrated family medicine residency programs have achieved excellence in clinical practice by developing creative solutions that result in increased immunization rates in their communities. (aafp.org)