A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The ability of the BRAIN to suppress neuronal responses to external sensory inputs, such as auditory and visual stimuli. Sensory filtering (or gating) allows humans to block out irrelevant, meaningless, or redundant stimuli.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Bacterial infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges, including infections involving the perimeningeal spaces.
Viral infections of the brain, spinal cord, meninges, or perimeningeal spaces.
Seizures that occur during a febrile episode. It is a common condition, affecting 2-5% of children aged 3 months to five years. An autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance has been identified in some families. The majority are simple febrile seizures (generally defined as generalized onset, single seizures with a duration of less than 30 minutes). Complex febrile seizures are characterized by focal onset, duration greater than 30 minutes, and/or more than one seizure in a 24 hour period. The likelihood of developing epilepsy (i.e., a nonfebrile seizure disorder) following simple febrile seizures is low. Complex febrile seizures are associated with a moderately increased incidence of epilepsy. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p784)
Diseases of any component of the brain (including the cerebral hemispheres, diencephalon, brain stem, and cerebellum) or the spinal cord.
MYCOSES of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges which may result in ENCEPHALITIS; MENINGITIS, FUNGAL; MYELITIS; BRAIN ABSCESS; and EPIDURAL ABSCESS. Certain types of fungi may produce disease in immunologically normal hosts, while others are classified as opportunistic pathogens, causing illness primarily in immunocompromised individuals (e.g., ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME).
Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.
A metallic element with the atomic symbol V, atomic number 23, and atomic weight 50.94. It is used in the manufacture of vanadium steel. Prolonged exposure can lead to chronic intoxication caused by absorption usually via the lungs.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
The presence of contaminants or pollutant substances in the air (AIR POLLUTANTS) that interfere with human health or welfare, or produce other harmful environmental effects. The substances may include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; or volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Infection, moderate to severe, caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses, which occurs either on the external surface of the eye or intraocularly with probable inflammation, visual impairment, or blindness.
Infections in the inner or external eye caused by microorganisms belonging to several families of bacteria. Some of the more common genera found are Haemophilus, Neisseria, Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, and Chlamydia.
Purulent infections of the conjunctiva by several species of gram-negative, gram-positive, or acid-fast organisms. Some of the more commonly found genera causing conjunctival infections are Haemophilus, Streptococcus, Neisseria, and Chlamydia.
An infection of the eyes characterized by the presence in conjunctival epithelial cells of inclusion bodies indistinguishable from those of trachoma. It is acquired by infants during birth and by adults from swimming pools. The etiological agent is CHLAMYDIA TRACHOMATIS whose natural habitat appears to be the genito-urinary tract. Inclusion conjunctivitis is a less severe disease than trachoma and usually clears up spontaneously.
The organ of sight constituting a pair of globular organs made up of a three-layered roughly spherical structure specialized for receiving and responding to light.
Plasmids controlling the synthesis of hemolysin by bacteria.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Chronic, non-specific inflammation of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Etiology may be genetic or environmental. This term includes CROHN DISEASE and ULCERATIVE COLITIS.
A chronic transmural inflammation that may involve any part of the DIGESTIVE TRACT from MOUTH to ANUS, mostly found in the ILEUM, the CECUM, and the COLON. In Crohn disease, the inflammation, extending through the intestinal wall from the MUCOSA to the serosa, is characteristically asymmetric and segmental. Epithelioid GRANULOMAS may be seen in some patients.
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
The sequence in which children are born into the family.
An acute infectious disease caused by RUBULAVIRUS, spread by direct contact, airborne droplet nuclei, fomites contaminated by infectious saliva, and perhaps urine, and usually seen in children under the age of 15, although adults may also be affected. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
Kwashiorkor (childhood protein-energy malnutrition). Causes of low SAAG ("exudate") are: *Cancer (metastasis and primary ... Infection: Tuberculosis - 2% or spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. *Pancreatitis - 1%. *Serositis. *Nephrotic syndrome[6] ...
Infants who use pacifiers may have more ear infections (otitis media). The effectiveness of avoiding the use of a pacifier to ... Pacifier-activated lullaby Security blanket OED; Examples from the Metropolitan Victoria & Albert Museum of Childhood. Vam.ac. ... Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health (IQWiG). "Middle ear infections: prevention". Institute for Quality and ... Archives of Disease in Childhood. 91 (10): 836-840. doi:10.1136/adc.2005.088484. Paroo Mistry; Moles David R; O'Neill Julian; ...
"Mononucleosis syndrome and coincidental human herpesvirus-7 and Epstein-Barr virus infection". Archives of Disease in Childhood ... which interferes with HIV-1 infection but may reactivate HHV-6 infection. It is however unclear exactly what effect HHV-7 has ... Primary infection of HHV-7 among children generally occurs between the ages of 2 and 5, which means it occurs after primary ... HHV-7 infection also leads to or is associated with a number of other symptoms, including acute febrile respiratory disease, ...
... childhood infections, and risk of neuroblastoma". American Journal of Epidemiology. 159 (9): 843-51. doi:10.1093/aje/kwh111. ... Other studies have examined possible links with atopy and exposure to infection early in life,[16] use of hormones and ... Neuroblastoma comprises 6-10% of all childhood cancers, and 15% of cancer deaths in children. The annual mortality rate is 10 ... "Chronic Health Conditions in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer". New England Journal of Medicine. 355 (15): 1572-82. doi: ...
Once the infections resolve and hearing thresholds return to normal, childhood otitis media may still cause minor and ... This can be associated with a viral upper respiratory infection (URI) or bacterial infection such as otitis media. An effusion ... The virus that caused the initial upper respiratory infection can itself be identified as the pathogen causing the infection. ... Infection and Drug Resistance. 7: 15-24. doi:10.2147/IDR.S39637. PMC 3894142. PMID 24453496. "Ear Infections". cdc.gov. ...
Childhood diseases include pertussis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, measles and tetanus. Children also make up a large percentage ... Primary infection versus secondary infection. A primary infection is infection that is, or can practically be viewed as, the ... An infection that is inactive or dormant is called a latent infection.[6] An example of a latent bacterial infection is latent ... Viral infection Bacterial infection Typical symptoms In general, viral infections are systemic. This means they involve many ...
Infections usually begin in childhood. The skin condition the disease causes is called "elephantiasis tropica" (also known as " ... Transmission of the infection can be broken when a single dose of these combined oral medicines is consistently maintained ... It is a type of helminth infection. Three types of worm cause the disease and damage the lymphatic system. The disease itself ... Lymphatic filariasis is classified as a neglected tropical disease and one of the four main worm infections. The impact of the ...
Infections and immunisation in childhood. Edinburgh; New York: Churchill Livingstone, 1981. An Introduction to Development ... Lessons from childhood: some aspects of the early life of unusual men and women (with Cynthia M Illingworth). E. & S. ... Ronald Stanley Illingworth". Archives of Disease in Childhood. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. ...
Dybing, E.; Sanner, T. (1999). "Passive smoking, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and childhood infections". Human & ... Mahid, Suhal S.; Minor, Kyle S.; Stromberg, Arnold J.; Galandiuk, Susan (2007). "Active and Passive Smoking in Childhood Is ... 311-9 Blaisdell, Robert J.; Broadwin, Rachel L.; Vork, Kathleen L. (2007). "Developing Asthma in Childhood from Exposure to ... Spencer, N; Coe, C (2003). "Parent reported longstanding health problems in early childhood: a cohort study". Archives of ...
From childhood, Frédéric Chopin was sickly and under medical care. He showed intolerance to fatty foods, especially pork - ... who lived to the age of 74 and suffered several times from respiratory infections. The composer's mother had no chronic illness ... Similarly, cavernous tuberculosis is rare in childhood, but it cannot be excluded in the case of Emilia Chopin. Frédéric could ... Ludwika suffered from recurrent respiratory infections and died at 47; the youngest, Emilia, was of frail health from earliest ...
The immunodeficiency manifests as recurrent infections usually starting in childhood. These include bacterial infections of the ... Clinically, PASLI disease is characterized by recurrent sinopulmonary infections that can lead to progressive airway damage. ... These patients suffer from recurrent sinopulmonary infections and lymphoproliferation, exhibit hyperactive PI3K signaling, and ... "Phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ gene mutation predisposes to respiratory infection and airway damage". Science. 342 (6160): 866- ...
"Infection and childhood leukaemia near nuclear sites". The Lancet. 349 (9066): 1702. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)62679-7. PMID ... The excess of childhood leukaemia near Sellafield: a commentary on the fourth COMARE report, L J Kinlen et al. 1997 J. Radiol. ... "Sellafield, radiation and childhood cancer - shedding light on cancer clusters near nuclear sites". Cancer Research UK - ... "COMARE 10th Report: The incidence of childhood cancer around nuclear installations in Great Britain". Committee on Medical ...
... common childhood conditions such as fevers and middle-ear infections pose a much greater challenge to the immune system than ... Another common anti-vaccine myth is that the immune system produces a better immune protection in response to natural infection ... Davies P, Chapman S, Leask J (July 2002). "Antivaccination activists on the world wide web". Archives of Disease in Childhood. ... As a more modest example, infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae (Hib), a major cause of bacterial meningitis and other ...
Vision loss caused by optic nerve atrophy in early childhood. Peripheral neuropathy. Recurrent infections, especially in the ... Routine immunizations against common childhood infections and annual influenza immunization can also help prevent any secondary ... The reason for the increased risk of respiratory infections in Arts syndrome is unclear. Novel missense mutation - c.367C>G (p. ... Muscle weakness caused by recurrent infections. Symptoms for females: Very rarely seen hearing loss that begins in adulthood ( ...
Common fevers and middle ear infections pose a much greater challenge to the immune system than vaccines do. Other scientific ... Measles, mumps, and rubella". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 88 (3): 222-3. doi:10.1136/adc.88.3.222. PMC 1719482. PMID ... I. Serotypes isolated and serum and middle ear fluid antibody in pneumococcal otitis media" (PDF). Infection and Immunity. 9 (6 ... Vaccine burden: Miller E, Andrews N, Waight P, Taylor B (March 2003). "Bacterial infections, immune overload, and MMR vaccine. ...
Although initial infections with VZV during pregnancy, causing chickenpox, may lead to infection of the fetus and complications ... Holt LE, McIntosh R (1936). Holt's Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. D Appleton Century Company. pp. 931-33. Weller TH (1997 ... active infection, has not been proven to occur in VZV infections. Although VZV has been detected in autopsies of nervous tissue ... chronic infection or reactivation in shingles are not associated with fetal infection. There is a slightly increased risk of ...
"Adenotonsillectomy for upper respiratory infections: evidence based?". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 90 (1): 19-25. doi: ... Streptococcal infections may also lead to acute glomerulonephritis; however, the incidence of this side effect is not reduced ... Strep throat is a common bacterial infection in children. It is the cause of 15-40% of sore throats among children and 5-15% ... Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the back of the throat including the tonsils caused ...
"Chronic granulomatous disease presenting in childhood with Pseudomonas cepacia septicaemia". The Journal of Infection. 27 (3): ... is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of infection in CGD. It has been shown to reduce infections ... hydrogen peroxide being made by the organism and use it to fight off the infection. In infections by organisms that have ... The recurrent infections they acquire are specific and are, in decreasing order of frequency: pneumonia abscesses of the skin, ...
Barry MA, Weatherhead JE, Hotez PJ, Woc-Colburn L (April 2013). "Childhood parasitic infections endemic to the United States". ... Ingestion of only a few of these cysts is needed to generate infection in another host. Infection with Giardia results in ... Infection may cause one to become lactose intolerant and as a result, it is recommended to temporarily avoid lactose following ... Infection rates are as high as 7% in the developed world and 30% in the developing world. The World Health Organization ...
It can be caused by bacterial infections, viral infections, parasitic infections, or autoimmune problems such as inflammatory ... "Early childhood malnutrition resulting from any cause reduces physical fitness and work productivity in adults," and diarrhea ... These infections are often acquired from food or water that has been contaminated by feces, or directly from another person who ... The most common cause is an infection of the intestines due to either a virus, bacterium, or parasite-a condition also known as ...
... , also known as azoospermia sinopulmonary infections, sinusitis-infertility syndrome and Barry-Perkins-Young ... "Was Young's syndrome caused by exposure to mercury in childhood?". BMJ. 307 (6919): 1579-82. doi:10.1136/bmj.307.6919.1579. PMC ... Obstructive azoospermia and chronic sinopulmonary infections". N. Engl. J. Med. 310 (1): 3-9. doi:10.1056/NEJM198401053100102. ...
The infections involve mucous membranes, skin, and the respiratory tract. Affected children are susceptible to infection by ... These medical problems are usually life-threatening in childhood.. Causes[edit]. Mutations in the CHS1 gene (also called LYST) ... Infections in CHS patients tend to be very serious and even life-threatening. Neuropathy often begins in the teenage years and ... Infections are treated with antibiotics and abscesses are surgically drained when appropriate. Antiviral drugs such as ...
... active infection, has not been proven to occur in VZV infections.[34][35] Although VZV has been detected in autopsies of ... Holt LE, McIntosh R (1936). Holt's Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. D Appleton Century Company. pp. 931-33.. ... may lead to infection of the fetus and complications in the newborn, but chronic infection or reactivation in shingles are not ... Viral Infections of Humans: Epidemiology and Control. Plenum Press. pp. 865-92. ISBN 978-0-306-44855-3.. ...
Early childhood infections, especially viral upper respiratory tract infections. Children who suffer from frequent respiratory ... "Altered eosinophil levels as a result of viral infection in asthma exacerbation in childhood". Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 13 (1 ... and absent at the time of infection. In many cases, significant asthma may not even occur until the respiratory infection is in ... However, persons of any age can have asthma triggered by colds and other respiratory infections even though their normal ...
5.1.2 Infections. *5.1.3 Mortality. *5.1.4 Childhood obesity. *5.1.5 Allergic diseases ... including lower respiratory infection, ear infections, bacteremia, bacterial meningitis, botulism, urinary tract infection and ... childhood lymphoma, allergic diseases, digestive diseases,[34] obesity, develop diabetes, or childhood leukemia later in life.[ ... "Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 89 (6): F518-20. doi:10.1136/adc.2004.049247. PMC 1721790. PMID ...
"Vitamin A supplementation and childhood morbidity from diarrhea and respiratory infections: a meta-analysis". J Pediatr. 142 (3 ... It does not prevent HIV infection, cannot treat the chronic HIV infection, and will not cure AIDS.[114][115] ... In response to claims that orthomolecular medicine could cure childhood psychoses and learning disorders, the American Academy ... American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition (1976). "Megavitamin therapy for childhood psychoses and learning ...
Patients suffer from severe and recurrent infections early in childhood. Actually, the main treatment is antibiotic and ... CGD is a rare inherited disorder in which phagocytic cells are unable to kill pathogens during an infection. ... In addition, MES rats retained normal innate immune defense against Staphylococcus aureus infection probably because of the ... in the phagocytes are microbicide and are able to kill microorganisms during infections. P22phox associated with NOX2 is also ...
Dybing E, Sanner T (1999). "Passive smoking, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and childhood infections". Hum Exp Toxicol. 18 ... Lung infections, also including more severe illness with bronchiolitis and bronchitis, and worse outcome, as well as increased ... Prenatal and childhood passive smoke exposure does not appear to increase the risk of inflammatory bowel disease. Learning ... The outlook for early childhood asthma is less favourable in smoking households. Children with asthma who are exposed to ...
Infection[edit]. Main article: Pneumococcal infection. S. pneumoniae is part of the normal upper respiratory tract flora. As ... The World Health Organization recommends routine childhood pneumococcal vaccination;[23] it is incorporated into the childhood ... Historically, Haemophilus influenzae has been a significant cause of infection, and both H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae can be ... S. pneumoniae infection stimulates polymorphonuclear leukocytes (granulocytes) to produce an oxidative burst that is ...
Infections[edit]. The anaerobic bacterial species Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes) contributes to the ... Paller AS, Mancini AJ (2015). Hurwitz's Clinical Pediatric Dermatology: A Textbook of Skin Disorders of Childhood And ... Infection with the parasitic mite Demodex is associated with the development of acne.[30][51] It is unclear whether eradication ... Possible secondary contributors include hormones, infections, diet, and stress. Studies investigating the impact of smoking on ...
Inflammatory reaction (e.g. acute respiratory tract infections, chronic sinusitis, rhinitis or environmental irritants) ... randomized controlled trial of antiseptic cream for recurrent epistaxis in childhood". Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 26 (6): 465 ...
... , also known as ophthalmia neonatorum, is a form of conjunctivitis and a type of neonatal infection ... Topical therapy is not effective and also does not treat the infection of the nasopharynx.[7][8][9] ... Single injection of ceftriaxone IM or IV should be given to infants born to mothers with untreated gonococcal infection. ... In contrast, conjunctivitis secondary to infection with chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) produces conjunctivitis after day ...
... of the infections and the remaining more than one‐third (34%) of infections are in females, out of which around 92.2% are in ... Even moderately acute and severely acute malnourished children are more likely to die from common childhood illness than those ... HIV infections are more common among men than women, as well as in urban areas and the far western region of Nepal, where ... Labor migrants make up 41 percent of the total known HIV infections in Nepal, followed by clients of sex workers (15.5 percent ...
The symptoms of infection are diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal pain.[68][69] This protozoan was found to secrete serotonin ... Hon KL, Lam MC, Wong KY, Leung TF, Ng PC (Nov 2007). "Pathophysiology of nocturnal scratching in childhood atopic dermatitis: ... Infections: HIV-AIDS, Measles, RSV, othersEdit. The role of SP in HIV-AIDS has been well-documented.[58] Doses of aprepitant ... and infections such as HIV/AIDS and respiratory syncytial virus,[54] as well as in cancer.[55][56] When assayed in the human, ...
Infection[edit]. Bone marrow transplantation usually requires that the recipient's own bone marrow be destroyed (myeloablation ... Transplant patients lose their acquired immunity, for example immunity to childhood diseases such as measles or polio. For this ... This puts a patient at high risk of infections, sepsis and septic shock, despite prophylactic antibiotics. However, antiviral ... Infection and graft-versus-host disease are major complications of allogeneic HSCT.[2] ...
Ludwig H, Polymenidis Z, Granditsch G, Wick G (November 1973). "[Association of HL-A1 and HL-A8 with childhood celiac disease ... or alternatively the result of chronic viral infection which is known to also elevate anti-tranglutaminase antibody. A German ...
"The Childhood Brain Tumor Foundation. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 23 July 2014.. ... Necrosis: the (premature) death of cells, caused by external factors such as infection, toxin or trauma. Necrotic cells send ... "About childhood brain tumours". Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.. ... "Brain Stem Gliomas in Childhood". Childhoodbraintumor.org. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 17 February ...
Fein, Alan (2006). Diagnosis and management of pneumonia and other respiratory infections (ika-2nd ed. (na) edisyon). Caddo, OK ... 1993). "Decline of childhood Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) disease in the Hib vaccine era". JAMA. 269 (2): 221-6. doi: ... Vijayan, VK (2009 May). "Parasitic lung infections". Current opinion in pulmonary medicine. 15 (3): 274-82. PMID 19276810.. ... Ranganathan, SC; Sonnappa, S (February 2009). "Pneumonia and other respiratory infections". Pediatric clinics of North America ...
Clinical signs of infection: tenderness, sinus, suppuration, swelling. Treatment options will be extraction for the primary ... Trauma is the most common cause of loss of permanent incisors in childhood. Dental trauma often lead to the main complication ... caused by disruption to the blood supply at the apical foramen or as an infection-related liquefactive necrosis following ...
This infection of vectors without a previous blood meal seems to play a role in single, sudden breakouts of the disease.[25] ... in which certain populations develop immunity to yellow fever due to prolonged exposure in their childhood, is known as ... Surviving the infection provides lifelong immunity,[20] and normally no permanent organ damage results.[21] ... An estimated 90% of the infections occur on the African continent.[4] In 2008, the largest number of recorded cases was in Togo ...
... then cauterize the infection by use of the death wish. Dr. Toxicophilous gives Ignatz the key to Primavera's matrix, he inserts ... and that it is the result of his own dark childhood dreams subconsciously infecting the quantum structure of the dolls when he ...
... childhood blindness, and a number of infections.[6] Visual impairment can also be caused by problems in the brain due to stroke ... Gilbert C.; Foster A. (2001). "Childhood blindness in the context of vision 2020-the right to sight". Bulletin of the World ... Childhood blindness can be caused by conditions related to pregnancy, such as congenital rubella syndrome and retinopathy of ... Uveitis: is a group of 30 intraocular inflammatory diseases[44] caused by infections, systemic diseases, organ-specific ...
對兒童來說,健康的身體質量指數(BMI)範圍會因年齡和性別而有所不同。兒童與青少年的肥胖標準(英语:Childhood obesity)是BMI超過95百分位[23],然而該參考常模來自於1963年至1994年間的研究資料,因此並未計入近年來肥胖率的上升 ... Falagas ME, Kompoti M. Obesity and infection. Lancet Infect Dis (Review). 2006-07,
রাতকানার প্রধান কারণ রেটিনাইটিস পিগমেনটোসা নামক একটি রোগ, যার ফলে রেটিনার রড কোষ ধীরে ধীরে আলোর প্রতি সাড়া দেওয়ার সক্ষমতা হারিয়ে ফেলে। এটা একধরনের জেনেটিক রোগ যেখানে রাত্রিকালীন দৃষ্টির পাশাপাশি দিনের বেলা দেখার ক্ষমতাও নষ্ট হতে থাকে। রাত্রিকালীন অন্ধত্বের ফলে জন্ম থেকে রড কোষ জন্মের পর থেকেই কাজ করে না, বা অল্প পরিমাণ কাহ করে, কিন্তু এই অবস্থা আরও খারাপ হতে থাকে।. রাতকানা ...
Cabezón O, Cerdà-Cuéllar M, Morera V, García-Bocanegra I, et al «Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Seagull Chicks Is Related to ... Stanford MR, Tan HK, Gilbert RE «Toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis presenting in childhood: clinical findings in a UK survey» (en ... Sugden K, Moffitt TE, Pinto L, Poulton R, et al «Is Toxoplasma Gondii Infection Related to Brain and Behavior Impairments in ... Hartmann K, Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, et al «Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and ...
Infection and pathogenesis[edit]. The initial site of infection may be the tonsils,[4] or possibly the gastrointestinal tract.[ ... The virus is very common in the general population, infecting 70% to 90% of humans; most people acquire JCV in childhood or ... JCV also appears to mediate encephalopathy, due to infection of cortical pyramidal neurons (CPN) and astrocytes.[14] Analysis ... Although JC virus infection is classically associated with white matter demyelination and PML pathogenesis, recent literature ...
Acts as a barrier to bacteria and infection - Vitamin A assists in the maintenance and promotion of healthy growth of skin and ... Development of chronic disease has become closely related to the consumption of fruits and vegetables throughout childhood ( ...
Such injury could be the result of infection, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or other diseases.[1][4] ... is typically in late childhood or early adulthood,[1] but prevalence increases with age.[5] ...
Epidermolytic toxin-producing staphylococci as the etiologic agent of the fourth childhood exanthem". American Journal of ... The mainstay of treatment for SSSS is supportive care along with eradication of the primary infection. Conservative measures ...
First came epidemics of the childhood diseases of chicken pox, mumps, whooping cough, and, especially, measles. Operations in ... The indigenous people lacked genetic resistance to such new infections, and suffered overwhelming mortality when exposed to ...
Children with OSA may experience learning and memory deficits and OSA has also been linked to lowered childhood IQ scores.[5] ... This can be the result of an upper respiratory infection that causes nasal congestion, along with swelling of the throat, or ... Complications include ulceration, infection, nerve weakness or numbness and swelling. These complications occur in less than 1 ... is known to be able to dramatically increase the size of lymphoid tissue during acute infection, and OSA is fairly common in ...
Factors such as lack of oxygen, infection, or stress and lack of healthy foods in the mother during pregnancy, might result in ... Kumra S, Shaw M, Merka P, Nakayama E, Augustin R (2001). "Childhood-onset schizophrenia: research update". Canadian Journal of ... living in a city during childhood or as an adult has been found to double the risk of schizophrenia .[16][17] This is true even ... Symptoms that start in childhood,[65] middle or old age are much rarer.[66] Despite the received wisdom that schizophrenia ...
Other considerations are the probability of extended hospital care and the development of infection at the surgical site.[3] ... Clitoridectomy of women with intersex conditions is controversial when it takes place during childhood or under duress. ...
The foreskin is usually non-retractable in early childhood, and some males may reach the age of 18 before their foreskin can be ... Phimosis may also arise in untreated diabetics due to the presence of glucose in their urine giving rise to infection in the ... Pathological phimosis (as opposed to the natural non-retractability of the foreskin in childhood) is rare and the causes are ... Hill states that full retractability of the foreskin may not be achieved until late childhood or early adulthood.[16] A Danish ...
Frenkl, Tara Lee, Potts, Jeannette (February 2008). "Sexually Transmitted Infections", Urologic Clinics of North America, 35 (1 ... subscribed to Ellis and Krafft-Ebing's theories and rejected Freud's theory that same-sex attraction was caused by childhood ... HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report: Cases of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2006. Centers for ... Risser, Jan M.H., Risser, William L., Risser, Amanda (December 2008). "Epidemiology of Infections in Women", Infectious Disease ...
Having two abnormal copies (being homozygous) may cause severe cardiovascular disease in childhood. Heterozygous FH is a common ... infections, or side-effects of the medication required to suppress rejection).[36][37] Other surgical techniques include ... Having two abnormal copies (homozygote) causes accelerated atherosclerosis in childhood, including its complications. The ...
Also, it reduces the immune defence mechanism, which heightens the risk of infections. Due to their lower social status, girls ... Diarrheal diseases are the primary causes of early childhood mortality. These diseases can be attributed to poor sanitation and ... Despite health improvements over the last thirty years, lives continue to be lost to early childhood diseases, inadequate ... More than two million children die every year from preventable infections. Approximately 1.72 million children die each year ...
Eye infection, Diphtheria, Pertussis (whooping cough), Diarrheal Infections, Epiglottitis ... The most common bacterial infections in child hood are: Catscratch, Cellulitis, Impetigo, H. Pylori, Strep throat, Tuberculosis ... Bacterial Infections in Childhood. Bacteria (singular bacterium) are any of a group of microscopic organisms that are ... Bacterial Infections in Childhood. Bacteria (singular bacterium ) are any of a group of microscopic organisms that are ...
Children who contract a serious infection within their first year have an increased risk of developing arthritis, according to ... And serious infections were also revealed to nearly double the risk of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a form of arthritis that ... Infections requiring admission to hospital during the first year of life were found to double the chances of rheumatoid ... In a UK study, rheumatoid factor positivity in adult women was dependent on their childhood living conditions, and in a Finnish ...
Asthma, particularly childhood asthma, is a heterogeneous disease,21-23 and the role of early-life infections could be ... Early Respiratory Infections and Childhood Asthma. Per Nafstad, Per Magnus, Jouni J. K. Jaakkola ... Exposure to infectious pathogens and a consequent respiratory infection may also represent environmental causes of childhood ... Lower respiratory tract infection was defined as an episode of bronchiolitis, including RSV infection, bronchitis, or pneumonia ...
... suggested that higher numbers of hospitalisations for infections were associated with a reduced probability of completing ninth ... Childhood Infections May Affect Academic Performance: Study. The study, published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, ... Severe infections during childhood that lead to hospitalisations could lower academic performance in adolescence, a new study ... "Our findings extend our understanding regarding the association between particularly severe infections during childhood and ...
Childhood Ear Infection: Alternative to Antibiotics and Ear Tubes. Professor Graham Bell, from McGill University in Canada, ... Childhood Ear Infections Holistic Care. A report from the Agency for Health care Research and Quality (AHRQ) suggests that ... Why Ear Infections Are Such a Problem. Frequent ear infections are a sign of weak immune function. Most children on the ... Ear infection: avoiding ear tubes. Date: 10/22/2000. From: SAMINA My nephew always seemed to have ear infections. Ever since I ...
But the infections themselves may be to blame. ... giving antibiotics to infants may raise the risk of childhood ... They found that an infant with one untreated infection had a 15 percent increased risk for childhood obesity. The risk was 40 ... In other words, infections, but not the use of antibiotics, were associated with childhood obesity. ... "If there is an infection during infancy, particularly a respiratory or ear infection, it should be treated," said the lead ...
Gut and chest infections in early childhood appear to raise the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life, Oz scientists ... Gut and chest infections in early childhood appear to raise the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life, Oz scientists ... Lung Bacterial Infections Start Early in Children with Cystic Fibrosis Potential Biomarkers of Premature Aging Syndrome ... "Early infections are more common in non-breastfed infants. Breastmilk contains ... compounds essential for brain development," ...
... a common viral lower respiratory infection in infants does not prevent hospitalization or improve their respiratory symptoms. ... Acute Respiratory infections in Children - Introduction. Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a major cause of morbidity and ... Bronchiolitis infections begin most frequently with a fever, runny nose, coughing, and wheezing. Most children recover from the ... Rise in Undiagnosed Pediatric Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Early Antibiotic Usage Linked to Childhood Health Issues Study ...
Central Nervous System Infections in Childhood. Pratibha Singhi (Editor), Diane E. Griffin (Editor), Charles R. Newton (Editor) ... 1. BURDEN OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS. Charles R Newton. 2. PATHOGENESIS OF CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM INFECTIONS. Diane E ... Section 1: Bacterial, Fungal, Tubercular and Parasitic Infections. Niran Khandelwal. Section 2: Viral Infections. Zoran ... MYCOPLASMAL INFECTIONS. Ari Bitnun and Susan E Richardson. 20. RICKETTSIAL DISEASES. Timothy D Minniear and Steven C Buckingham ...
Severe infections leading to hospitalizations during childhood are associated with lower school achievement in adolescence, ... The researchers looked at two measures of childhood infections: hospital admission for infections, an indicator of moderate to ... Largest Study of the Link Between Childhood Infections and School Achievement The study included nationwide data of 598,553 ... Childhood infections may have lasting effects on school performance. Wolters Kluwer Health ...
The 3 most effective ways of stopping the spread of childhood infections are: getting your children vaccinated; keeping them at ... Fortunately, most infections will not be serious.. Common childhood infections. Infections that commonly affect children are ... Stopping the spread of infections. The 3 most effective ways of stopping childhood infections spreading are vaccination, ... Infections are very common in young children. In fact, its not unusual for a preschool child to have up to 10 infections per ...
This topic contains 29 study abstracts on Childhood Infections indicating that the following substances may be helpful: Vitamin ... Diseases : Childhood Infections, Lower Respiratory Infections, Respiratory Infections: Infants & Children. Additional Keywords ... Diseases : Acid Reflux: In Infants & Children, Childhood Infections, Clostridium Infections, Infant Infections ... Diseases : Childhood Infections, Common Cold, Respiratory Diseases, Upper Respiratory Infections. Additional Keywords : Plant ...
... caesarean section was associated with an increased risk of infection-related hospitalisation in offspring up to 5 years of age. ... Caesarean Birth Linked to Infection-related Hospitalisation in Early Childhood - Medscape - Nov 26, 2020. ... Association between common early-childhood infection and subsequent depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences in ... The risk of overall and clinical type of infection by mode of birth, vaginal or CS (emergency/elective), was estimated. ...
... that cause infections. They easily catch colds, tummy bugs, and other infections. Why? Because their immune system, which ... Common childhood infections Many parents have the impression that their youngster is always sick. Young children are very ... Infections in young children are most often caused by viruses. These viral infections are generally not serious, dont last ... Preventing infections. Germs are everywhere in your childs environment: on toys, floors and door handles, for example. They ...
Short-Term Elevation of Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Acute Lower Respiratory Infection, is the largest to date on ... Brief exposure to tiny air pollution particles triggers childhood lung infections. Intermountain Medical Center ... It may be that PM2.5 causes damage to the airway so that a virus can successfully cause an infection or that PM2.5 impairs the ... Horne said: "The air pollution itself may make the human body more susceptible to infection or may impair the bodys ability to ...
... is associated with the development of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. ... Brief Exposure to Tiny Air Pollution Particles Triggers Childhood Lung Infections, Largest Study of Its Kind Finds ... It may be that PM2.5 causes damage to the airway so that a virus can successfully cause an infection or that PM2.5 impairs the ... Horne said: "The air pollution itself may make the human body more susceptible to infection or may impair the bodys ability to ...
NYEE of Mount Sinai will help you understand childhood eye infection and will provide diagnosis and treatment options. ... and sinus infections, typically result in red, inflamed, and itchy eyes. The most common childhood eye infection is ... Most adults who contract this condition had their first infection during childhood or early adolescence. HSV keratitis usually ... Treatment depends on whether the cause of the infection is viral or bacterial. If its viral, the conjunctivitis will usually ...
Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Shaheen SO1, Barker DJ, ... The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ... that contained information about childhood LRTI recorded 60 to 70 years ago. The lung function of some men still living in ...
Urinary tract infection in childhood: Is underinvestigation linked to morbidity? BMJ 1993; 307 :1142 ... Urinary tract infection in childhood: Is underinvestigation linked to morbidity?. BMJ 1993; 307 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/ ...
One of the most common forms of childhood cancer could be triggered in-part by lack of exposure to common infections, a major ... One of the most common forms of childhood cancer could be triggered in-part by a lack of exposure to common infections, a major ... One of the most common forms of childhood cancer could be triggered in-part by lack of exposure to common infections, a major ... One of the most common forms of childhood cancer could be triggered in-part by lack of exposure to common infections, a major ...
... bowel disease from North Carolina were questioned during 1986 and 1987 to assess risk due to a variety of childhood infections ... Childhood infections and the risk of inflammatory bowel disease Dig Dis Sci. 1994 Mar;39(3):555-60. doi: 10.1007/BF02088342. ... it was noted that urban living in childhood increased the risk for Crohns disease. We conclude that childhood infections may ... Persons with Crohns disease were more likely to report an increased frequency of childhood infections in general (odds ratio ...
"Childhood"[Journal] OR "childhood"[All Fields]) AND acute[All Fields] AND lower[All Fields] AND ("respiratory tract infections ... Vitamin D status and hospitalisation for childhood acute lower respiratory tract infections in Nigeria.. Ahmed P, Babaniyi IB, ... Acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) is the leading cause of childhood deaths in most developing countries, ... Search: Vitamin D status and hospitalization for childhood acute lower respiratory tract infections in Nigeria ...
"In the past we believed children who become seriously ill from infections were just unlucky or maybe the bug was particularly ... Dr Schlapbach said viral infections were common in otherwise healthy young children but fewer than one in 1000 required ... An international study analysed genetic data from previously healthy children with severe respiratory infections due to common ... "Our findings confirm that children with common infections who develop into unexpectedly severe cases may have underlying ...
... in the initial trial of a potential new vaccine against a virus considered to be a crucial missing element in the childhood ... Volunteers sought for study into vaccine for serious childhood infection. HealthResearch ... HomeNewsVolunteers sought for study into vaccine for serious childhood infection ... Neither the RSV proteins nor the carrier virus can replicate and cause infection. Two injections are used: the first is ...
... 14.06.2012. One-third of febrile seizures associated with ... Experts suggest that FSE accounts for 5% of FS; however, FSE accounts for 25% of all childhood SE and for more than 70% of SE ... Researchers found that 7% of children had HHV-7 viremia at baseline and 2 children had HHV-6/7 primary co-infection. There were ... In conjunction with PCR results, researchers used antibody titers to determine if the infection was a primary or reactivated ...
Refer a Patient Transfer a Patient Nursing Infection Control Officer. Francesca Torriani, MD. Medical Director, Infection ... About childhood obesity. Obesity is defined by body mass index (BMI), a calculation based on a persons weight and height. For ... Within the group of obese children, those with evidence of AD36 infection weighed an average of 35 pounds more than obese ... These data add credence to the concept that an infection can be a cause or contributor to obesity." ...
Rhinovirus infections in infancy and early childhood. Elisabeth Kieninger, Oliver Fuchs, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, Nicolas ... Rhinovirus infections in infancy and early childhood. Elisabeth Kieninger, Oliver Fuchs, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, Nicolas ... Rhinovirus infections in infancy and early childhood. Elisabeth Kieninger, Oliver Fuchs, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, Nicolas ... Rhinovirus infections in infancy and early childhood Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from European ...
Its a good time, therefore, to review some common childhood conditions and how to manage them: ... which usually gives some respite from common childhood conditions, but these tend to flare up once more with the start of the ... It is the start of the Ju-ly/Au-gust va-ca-tion pe-ri-od, which usu-al-ly gives some respite from com-mon child-hood con-di- ...
This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking ... Public health and practice records were reviewed; temporal records were made of all diagnoses of infections and their ... One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. ...
CHILDHOOD INFECTIONS. A whole range of specific and non-specific childhood infections, with the exception of measles, was ... urinary tract infections, and other infections (mainly skin infections). For respiratory tract infections the presence or ... CHILDHOOD INFECTIONS. A detailed search of the medical records was made noting all episodes of infection diagnosed by the ... To investigate the putative relationship between childhood infections and atopic disorders further, we conducted a detailed ...
  • David A. Holland, M.D. on childhood ear infections: "In one study, children administered antibiotics for acute otitis media suffered double the rate of adverse effects compared to children in the study who took placebos (Clinical Evidence. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Acute respiratory infections (ARI) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in young children worldwide. (medindia.net)
  • Even the briefest increase in airborne fine particulate matter PM2.5, pollution-causing particles that are about 3 percent of the diameter of human hair, is associated with the development of acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children, according to newly published research. (eurekalert.org)
  • The groundbreaking study, "Short-Term Elevation of Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Acute Lower Respiratory Infection," is the largest to date on this health concern, involving more than 100,000 patients. (eurekalert.org)
  • Bronchiolitis, a condition in which small breathing tubes in the lungs called bronchioles become infected and clogged with mucus, is the most common acute lower respiratory infection in children. (eurekalert.org)
  • Vitamin D status and hospitalisation for childhood acute lower respiratory tract infections in Nigeria. (nih.gov)
  • Vitamin D status and hospitalization for childhood acute lower. (nih.gov)
  • Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are the most frequent infections worldwide and represent a major public health problem. (ersjournals.com)
  • They are the leading cause of acute illnesses in all age groups and a major contributing factor of childhood morbidity and mortality [ 1 , 2 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • These fuels have been associated with many health effects, including acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) in young children. (nih.gov)
  • We hypothesized that infections experienced in childhood and adolescence might adversely affect the vasculature and initiate atherosclerosis, leading to premature acute coronary syndromes (ACS) or heart attacks," she added. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Herpetic cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection before birth increases the odds that a newborn will go on to develop pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), researchers reported in Blood . (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • In utero cytomegalovirus infection and development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • We discuss the case of a child with acute urinary retention and constipation following primary varicella-zoster infection (chickenpox). (scielo.org.za)
  • Your generous donation will allow PANDAS Network to continue their dedication to improve the diagnosis and treatment of children with PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections) and PANS (Pediatric Acute-onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome). (pandasnetwork.org)
  • Acute Otitis Media (AOM) - This type of ear infection is the most common, affecting the middle ear, and is marked by infection, swelling, and trapped fluid behind the eardrum. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Over the last 20 years, the recognition of the role of some infections (e.g., group A streptococcus - GAS) in determining acute, somewhat mixed, movement (i.e. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sepsis-like syndrome (SLS, or blood infection) and acute respiratory infection (ARI, or chest infection) are two of the main types of severe viral infection in children. (isrctn.com)
  • Yeast infection can also involve the tongue and lead to flattening (erosion) of the papillae of the surface of the tongue, along with pain and reddening of the tongue (acute atrophic candidiasis ). (medicinenet.com)
  • It often follows an acute ear infection or upper respiratory infection. (webmd.com)
  • Acute ear infections are commonly treated with acetominophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil) for fever and pain relief, and doctors usually prescribe antibiotics to kill the bacteria. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • The blood-brain barrier, which prevents bacteria and other foreign bodies from passing from the blood into the fluid surrounding the brain, developed more slowly in some children, Dr Liang wrote in the journal Psychiatry Research, and these individuals' brains might be more susceptible to inflammation caused by infection elsewhere in the body. (medindia.net)
  • Infections that commonly affect children are caused by a variety of germs, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, mites and parasites. (mydr.com.au)
  • Infectious conjunctivitis (sometimes called pink eye) and otitis media (middle ear infections) can be caused by both viruses and bacteria. (mydr.com.au)
  • Young children are very vulnerable to germs (viruses and bacteria) that cause infections. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • As you know IgM test is for an active / on-going infections against infections (be it viruses, bacteria, etc) and the IgG test shows active immunity (if you have been vaccinated) or a previous infection (especially for viruses such as LCV, arbovirus etc). (healthcaremagic.com)
  • In the past bacteria were the main causes for many severe infections. (isrctn.com)
  • Bacteria and viruses can lead to infection in the middle ear space. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Other factors include breastfeeding, which seems to offer some protection against infection, possibly by transferring immune proteins that help the infant fight bacteria. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Bottle-feeding while lying down in a crib may increase infections by encouraging bacteria to back up into the Eustachian tube. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Most infections are caused by germs called viruses and bacteria . (dvpediatrics.com)
  • Childhood vaccinations help prevent infections from certain bacteria that can cause ear infections. (webmd.com)
  • Approximately 25% to 30% of people in general are colonized (when bacteria are present, but not causing an infection) in the nose with staph bacteria. (ca.gov)
  • When a person carries the organism/bacteria but shows no clinical signs or symptoms of infection. (ca.gov)
  • The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a major public health problem, and most of the antibiotics prescribed for young children are given to treat ear infections. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • The disease itself is a result of a complex interplay between several factors: the worm, the endosymbiotic Wolbachia bacteria within the worm, the host's immune response, and the numerous opportunistic infections and disorders that arise. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli, though other bacteria or fungi may sometimes be the cause. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those with vague symptoms, diagnosis can be difficult because bacteria may be present without there being an infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • Experiences of respiratory infections were recorded in the follow-up surveys at 6 and 12 months of age, and children with symptoms and signs of bronchial obstruction during the first 2 years of life were identified and examined. (aappublications.org)
  • 12,13 Further, both pneumonia and RSV infection in the lower respiratory tract during the first 3 years of life have been associated with an increased risk of asthma or asthma-like symptoms up to 11 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • Episodes of lower respiratory tract infections during the first year of life often lead to symptoms of bronchial obstruction. (aappublications.org)
  • Study leader Wenbin Liang, from the university's National Drug Research Institute, said young children's immature immune systems meant viruses could more readily affect the brain, and such infections did not always show symptoms. (medindia.net)
  • The use of steroid medication to treat bronchiolitis - a common viral lower respiratory infection in infants - does not prevent hospitalization or improve their respiratory symptoms, according to a study. (medindia.net)
  • Similarly, some infections are contagious before symptoms develop. (mydr.com.au)
  • Association between common early-childhood infection and subsequent depressive symptoms and psychotic experiences in adolescence: a population-based longitudinal birth cohort study. (medscape.com)
  • OBJECTIVE -The aim of this study was to test whether symptoms of maternal infections during pregnancy and indicators of postnatal infections predict development of islet autoimmunity in children at genetically increased risk of type 1 diabetes. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Symptoms of neonatal infections, early daycare attendance, exposure to cats or dogs, and household crowding were not related to islet autoimmunity. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -Symptoms of maternal infections in pregnancy predicted a significantly lower risk of islet autoimmunity in young girls, suggesting a protective effect of such infections. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Otitis Media with Effusion (OME) - This results from a fluid buildup that occurs in the middle ear although there are no symptoms or signs of infection. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Often infection is not present and there are no symptoms. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Most of the time children get ear infections before they are old enough to verbalize their discomfort so parents must rely on telltale certain signs and symptoms. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Evaluating a novel intervention to reduce trauma symptoms and sexual risk taking: qualitative exit interviews with sexual minority men with childhood sexual abuse. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A molecular mimicry mechanism has also been proposed to explain the enduring symptoms subsequent to GAS infection remission [ 19 , 20 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Read on to learn more from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about common childhood infections-signs and symptoms, treatments, and when to call your child's doctor. (dvpediatrics.com)
  • The infection begins with flu-like symptoms, including a fever, runny nose, and cough. (webmd.com)
  • The middle ear can also fill with fluid without the symptoms of active bacterial infection. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Symptoms from a lower urinary tract infection include pain with urination, frequent urination, and feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder. (wikipedia.org)
  • Symptoms of a kidney infection include fever and flank pain usually in addition to the symptoms of a lower UTI. (wikipedia.org)
  • In those with frequent infections, a short course of antibiotics may be taken as soon as symptoms begin or long-term antibiotics may be used as a preventive measure. (wikipedia.org)
  • People experiencing an upper urinary tract infection, or pyelonephritis, may experience flank pain, fever, or nausea and vomiting in addition to the classic symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • The presentations may be vague with incontinence, a change in mental status, or fatigue as the only symptoms, while some present to a health care provider with sepsis, an infection of the blood, as the first symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is reasonable to obtain a urine culture in those with signs of systemic infection that may be unable to report urinary symptoms, such as when advanced dementia is present. (wikipedia.org)
  • The occurrences of symptoms also vary from infant stage to childhood, teenager, and adult life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Children who contract a serious infection within their first year have an increased risk of developing arthritis, according to new research. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • And serious infections were also revealed to nearly double the risk of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a form of arthritis that affects only young children and teens. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Children with respiratory infections during infancy had a higher risk of having bronchial obstruction during the first 2 years of life and of having asthma at 4 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • 1-8 This association has been attributed to a preventive effect of early infections that are suggested to be more common in children with older siblings. (aappublications.org)
  • 9,10 In a German cross-sectional study of school children, a history of attendance to day care centers was used as a surrogate measure of early infections. (aappublications.org)
  • Therefore, we also estimated the effects of early respiratory infections on asthma separately in children who did and who did not experience bronchial obstruction during the first 2 years of life. (aappublications.org)
  • The more hospitalisations for infections, the lower the odds of reaching this educational milestone -- children with five or more infections requiring hospitalisation had a 38 per cent reduction in the odds of completing ninth grade. (ndtv.com)
  • Among children who completed ninth grade, hospitalisation for infections was associated with a small but significant reduction in final exam scores. (ndtv.com)
  • A report from the Agency for Health care Research and Quality (AHRQ) suggests that children may not always need antibiotics to treat a middle ear infection (otitis media). (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Researchers from the Southern California RAND Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) found some interesting findings, including: Nearly two-thirds of children with uncomplicated ear infections recover from pain and fever within 24 hours of diagnosis without antibiotic treatment - Over 80% recover within 1 to 7 days. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • To assess age-specific incidence rates, health care utilization, and lost parental work associated with varicella infection in a population-based cohort of children, and to validate parent-reported health care utilization data. (nih.gov)
  • Parent-reported incidence data indicate that varicella infections are increasing in preschool children. (nih.gov)
  • This shift to infections in younger children may be related to the increased use of out-of-home care for infants and young children. (nih.gov)
  • The scientists compared children who had no infections and no antibiotic use in the first year of life with those who had untreated infections. (nytimes.com)
  • The majority of children hospitalized for bronchiolitis infections are under 6 months old. (medindia.net)
  • Although many children with bronchiolitis have mild infections, and most don't need hospitalization, children born prematurely or who suffer from heart and lung disease are most at risk for complications. (medindia.net)
  • It covers almost all CNS infections commonly seen in children across the world including those in developed and resource poor countries. (wiley.com)
  • A chapter on 'Neuroimaging of CNS Infections' and 'A brief account of Febrile Seizures in Children' is included. (wiley.com)
  • In the nationwide study of nearly 600,000 Danish children, higher numbers of hospitalizations for infections were associated with a reduced probability of completing ninth grade, as well as with lower test scores, according to the new research by Ole Köhler-Fosberg, MD, of Aarhus University Hospital and colleagues. (eurekalert.org)
  • Largest Study of the Link Between Childhood Infections and School Achievement The study included nationwide data of 598,553 children born in Denmark between 1987 and 1997. (eurekalert.org)
  • This relationship was affected by the timing as well as the number of infections, with the greatest impact on children hospitalized within the past year. (eurekalert.org)
  • Infections are very common in young children. (mydr.com.au)
  • Very young children tend to put things in their mouths and frequently touch their faces, making infections even more likely. (mydr.com.au)
  • Children also tend to get a lot of infections because their immune systems (which fight infection and disease) are not fully developed. (mydr.com.au)
  • Examples of bacterial infections that are common among children include strep throat , impetigo (school sores) and whooping cough . (mydr.com.au)
  • Immunisation is the most effective way of protecting children against many common and serious childhood infections. (mydr.com.au)
  • Children who have been exposed to certain infections may be asked to remain at home until it can be confirmed that they do not have the infection to reduce the possible risk of spread. (mydr.com.au)
  • An herbal preparation containing echinacea, propolis, and vitamin C in preventing respiratory tract infections in children. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Echinacea appears effective in preventing upper respiratory tract infections in children. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Infections in young children are most often caused by viruses. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • Children (and their parents) are no strangers to eye infections, which can readily spread in school classrooms and on playgrounds. (nyee.edu)
  • The controls were enrolled either from children attending well-child clinics or general clinics without evidence of respiratory infection or admitted to the hospital for elective surgery. (nih.gov)
  • An international study analysed genetic data from previously healthy children with severe respiratory infections due to common cold viruses who became critically ill and required life support. (edu.au)
  • Dr Schlapbach said viral infections were common in otherwise healthy young children but fewer than one in 1000 required intensive care. (edu.au)
  • He said he had always been intrigued about why some children were much more vulnerable to becoming extremely ill with common infections. (edu.au)
  • In the past we believed children who become seriously ill from infections were just unlucky or maybe the bug was particularly aggressive," Dr Schlapbach said. (edu.au)
  • Our findings confirm that children with common infections who develop into unexpectedly severe cases may have underlying immunodeficiencies that were not previously understood. (edu.au)
  • The team enrolled 199 children between the ages of 1 month and 5 years, who presented with FSE and received an assessment for herpesvirus infection within 72 hours of the episode. (innovations-report.com)
  • HHV-6B viremia was detected in 32% of pediatric participants, with 38 and 16 children having primary and reactivated infection, respectively. (innovations-report.com)
  • Researchers found that 7% of children had HHV-7 viremia at baseline and 2 children had HHV-6/7 primary co-infection. (innovations-report.com)
  • Jeffrey B. Schwimmer, MD, associate professor of clinical pediatrics at UC San Diego, and colleagues examined 124 children, ages 8 to 18, for the presence of antibodies specific to adenovirus 36 (AD36), one of more than 50 strains of adenovirus known to infect humans and cause a variety of respiratory, gastrointestinal and other infections. (ucsd.edu)
  • Within the group of obese children, those with evidence of AD36 infection weighed an average of 35 pounds more than obese children who were AD36-negative. (ucsd.edu)
  • Rhinovirus (RV) infections occur early and recurrently in life, imposing a significant burden of disease on infants and young children. (ersjournals.com)
  • Several studies in infants at high-risk for atopy and asthma and in hospitalised children have demonstrated that recurrent wheezing illnesses induced by RVs early in life are a risk factor for the development of asthma later in childhood. (ersjournals.com)
  • A large number of community-based studies have characterised the frequency, seasonality, age specificity and clinical features of viral ARTIs in childhood and have determined which pathogens are most commonly involved with children [ 5 - 7 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Whereas the role of RSV, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus and more recently the human metapneumovirus in causing ARTIs in infants and children have been intensively studied and are widely accepted [ 6 , 25 ], the contribution of RVs to respiratory morbidity in childhood is subject to debate [ 26 , 27 ]. (ersjournals.com)
  • Since this is a generally mild disease in children, the primary medical danger of rubella is the infection of pregnant women, which may potentially cause congenital rubella syndrome in the developing infant. (deafblind.com)
  • A new study from iPSYCH shows that the infections children contract during their childhood increase the risk of mental disorders during childhood and adolescence. (sciencecodex.com)
  • The study showed that children who had been hospitalised with an infection had an 84 per cent increased risk of suffering a mental disorder and a 42 per cent increased risk of being prescribed medicine to treat mental disorders. (sciencecodex.com)
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (2011) Steering committee on quality improvement, subcommittee on urinary tract infection: urinary tract infection: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2 to 24 months. (springer.com)
  • Hoberman A, Charron M, Hickey RW et al (2003) Imaging studies after a first febrile urinary tract infection in young children. (springer.com)
  • Children whose parents receive educational outreach from community health groups might show improvements in getting necessary childhood immunizations, a new study finds. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • With childhood immunization rates in New York City's low-income Latino community well below city and national averages, researchers developed a program to increase the number of Latino children who were up to date on the 4:3:1:3:3 series, which protects against diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis, polio, measles-mumps-rubella and hepatitis B. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • If you are one of those hearing care professionals who secretly groan when your patients tell you they think their hearing loss is due to the chronic ear infections they suffered as children, groan no longer. (hearingreview.com)
  • To inform control strategies, we investigated the prevalence of inappropriate antibiotic use for common childhood infections by parents across different geographic areas and economic development stages, overall parental knowledge about antimicrobial drug use and resistance, the impact of parental pressure for antibiotics on prescribing behaviors, and parental contribution to the overall use of antibiotics in children. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers found that children who had even one sign of dental infection were much more likely (87%) to develop primary signs of atherosclerosis, which occurs when deposits collect inside the artery walls, reducing blood flow. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • Children who had all four signs of dental infection were found to have a 95% higher risk of developing this specific risk factor. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • Next, 268 ALL patients' newborn blood samples were screened specifically for CMV and infection rates were compared to newborn blood samples from 270 healthy control children. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • A greater understanding of the immunologic and parasitologic factors associated with infection and disease is badly needed, and will accelerate the development of highly protective vaccines for both mothers and children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Clinical, parasitologic and host response (including immunologic) endpoints will be analyzed using appropriate statistical methods, including possible confounders, to determine factors associated with infection and disease in pregnant woman and young children. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Amongst non-Canadian-born children, the incidence of HBV infection per 100,000 ranged from 9.4 to 16.3, during the study period (linear trend test, p=0.69). (medsci.org)
  • HBV infection was found to be more common among children emigrating from high endemic area, than among Canadian-born children. (medsci.org)
  • Current Canadian immunization policy should take into consideration the protection of all children against HBV infection, including those coming from countries where mass hepatitis B vaccination programs have still not been launched. (medsci.org)
  • In paper II, III and IV we studied the effects of EBV and CMV infections on immune cell function in children. (dissertations.se)
  • In paper III we found that in 5-year old children, EBV and CMV co-infection was associated with the highest levels of differentiated NKG2C+ NK cells. (dissertations.se)
  • PBMC from CMV+ children had lower EBV-induced accumulation of switched memory B cells, which was connected to high prevalence of CD57+CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ production.Taken together, this thesis work shows that monocyte subsets at birth can give potent functional responses and that latency with EBV and CMV has a significant effect on the differentiation process and functional capacity of anti-viral effector cells during childhood. (dissertations.se)
  • We compared incidence rates (IR) of epilepsy among children of mothers with and without infection during pregnancy. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Among children exposed prenatally to maternal infection, the IR was 117 per 100,000 PY, with an adjusted IRR of 1.40 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22-1.61), compared with unexposed children. (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSION The avian Mantoux is a very sensitive method of diagnosing non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection in children. (bmj.com)
  • The commonest presentation of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection in children is as head and neck lymphadenopathy. (bmj.com)
  • Cervical lymphadenopathy, however, is relatively common in children and the clinical features of malignancy, salivary gland disease, and various viral, fungal, and bacterial infections including M tuberculosis all overlap to some degree. (bmj.com)
  • We undertook this retrospective review of culture proven non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections to determine the sensitivity of skin testing with both avian sensitin and human tuberculin in children. (bmj.com)
  • The chart at the bottom of the report clearly shows that the rate at which hep-B was diagnosed in children was less than one per 100,000 or fewer than 360 a year in a childhood population of 36 million in 1990. (ageofautism.com)
  • ABSTRACT We examined the role of Helicobacter pylori infection as a cause of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) among Iranian children in a population-based case-control study to determine the association between H. pylori infection and RAP among schoolchildren. (who.int)
  • Therefore, H. pylori infection can be considered an important factor for RAP in children. (who.int)
  • Varicella is a usually benign disease of childhood and its complications are uncommon in immunocompetent children. (minervamedica.it)
  • More than 80% of children will experience at least one ear infection before they turn three-years-old. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Ear infection is one of the top reasons that parents seek medical treatment for their children, causing fever, irritability, and ear pain. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Children with COME have a more difficult time fighting new infections and they may suffer from hearing damage or loss. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • dr shapiro audiologist , says that children are more prone to ear infections than adults. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Parents need to realize that they have a choice when it comes to the type of care their children receive for ear infections and other types of illnesses. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Our aim was to elucidate the possible role of CMV infection in the initiation of islet autoimmunity and in the progression to clinical T1D among children with HLA-conferred T1D risk. (utu.fi)
  • nA total of 1402 children from the prospective Type 1 Diabetes Prediction and Prevention (DIPP) study were analyzed for CMV-specific IgG antibodies during early childhood. (utu.fi)
  • nOur results suggest that an early childhood CMV infection may decelerate the progression from islet autoimmunity to clinical T1D among at-risk children and may thus protect these children from progressing to T1D during childhood. (utu.fi)
  • Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) remain among of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality among children. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Center for Childhood Infections and Vaccines (CCIV) is addressing major childhood infectious diseases through innovative research into microbial pathogenesis, immune responses in children, and the development of new vaccines and therapeutics. (pedsresearch.org)
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether children who had intestinal helminth infections during early childhood have a lower prevalence of allergen skin test reactivity later in childhood. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • METHODS: We re-visited a population of 1055 children from whom stool samples had been collected for detection of intestinal helminth infections for another study, and collected new stool samples and performed allergen skin prick testing. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • RESULTS: Children with heavy infections with Trichuris trichiura in early childhood had a significantly reduced prevalence of allergen skin test reactivity in later childhood, even in the absence of T. trichiura infection at the time of skin testing in later childhood. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • For the children with signs of blood/chest infections, clinical observations, medications and clinical management are recorded on admission and weekly until discharge or day 30 of hospitalisation (whichever comes first). (isrctn.com)
  • A few of the children with blood infections are also followed up one year later. (isrctn.com)
  • Infections of the middle ear are quite common in children and account for more visits to pediatricians than any other cause. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Children who have had few problems with such infections by age three are unlikely to encounter future episodes. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Children with frequent infections early in life pose two problems. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Many children with frequent infections have siblings with similar problems. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Children living in households where there are smokers or woodstoves have higher rates of infection. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Cleft palate children, who have a gap in the roof of the mouth, have more middle ear infections because of missing muscles that open the Eustachian tube. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Up to 40% of young children with their first RSV infection will develop noticeable wheezing, and up to 2% will require hospitalization. (webmd.com)
  • Young children are prone to ear infections because of their small and horizontally positioned auditory tubes. (webmd.com)
  • About 70% of all children have one infection by age three, and a third of these children will have multiple ear infections. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Ear infections are a source of concern because they can lead to hearing loss and speech development delays in young children. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • The middle ear is where most infections occur in small children. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • But parents should know that two different types of otitis media commonly affect children, and that fluid in the ear is not always a sign of infection. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Bottle-fed babies, especially those who drink while lying down, are more likely than breastfed children to develop ear infections. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Some children have recurrent ear infections. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • In young children, the only symptom of a urinary tract infection (UTI) may be a fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Increased risks persisted to 5 years and were highest for respiratory, gastrointestinal and viral infections. (medscape.com)
  • These viral infections are generally not serious, don't last long, and go away by themselves. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • While only a small number of participating families harboured this mutation, the study allows us to gain a dramatically different insight into the causes of severe viral infections. (edu.au)
  • Rubella cannot be treated with antibiotics, since antibiotics do not work against viral infections. (deafblind.com)
  • Viral infections are among the prime suspects for environmental triggers of type 1 diabetes ( 2 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Human parainfluenza viruses, or HPIVs, are the leading cause of childhood respiratory infections, responsible for 30% to 40% of illnesses like croup and pneumonia. (news-medical.net)
  • Exposure to germs or infections and viruses are "protective" for early-age kids. (theadvertiser.com)
  • The cells keep a catalog of how an adult's immune system responded to infections decades ago in childhood encounters with measles or mumps viruses. (emory.edu)
  • As described in part of the Immunity paper, the researchers studied 11 older individuals (aged 43 to 70) who had not been immunized against measles or mumps, but who had antibodies in their blood indicating infection by those viruses in childhood. (emory.edu)
  • Ear infections often begin during colds or flu's, when viruses cause inflammation and swelling of the nasal and Eustachian tube passages. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Many ear infections are due to viruses and go away on their own. (webmd.com)
  • You catch infections such as the colds and flu in this way. (mydr.com.au)
  • They easily catch colds, tummy bugs, and other infections. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • If your baby is under the age of 3 months, take special care to keep her away from people with colds or other infections. (inspq.qc.ca)
  • C. Z., a girl of 3, had had recurrent ear infections since the age of 5 or 6 months, typically associated with colds and the production of thick, green mucus, and requiring antibiotics more or less continuously for several months at a time. (healthy.net)
  • 200, and two months later her mother reported the best winter ever, with no ear infections and two light colds that were quickly aborted with Calc. (healthy.net)
  • When I called recently, over five years later, in preparation for this talk, her mother told me that she had had no more ear infections, and there was no need to bring her back, since her general health had remained good, and the usual first-aid remedies had been very effective for the usual colds, fevers, and URI's that had developed along the way. (healthy.net)
  • The tube can also malfunction because of allergies and colds that cause swelling of the nasal mucous membranes and because of overgrowth of the adenoids, nearby tissues that help fight infection. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • Neither is available to community health workers in developing nations, where 99% of the annual 1.1 million childhood pneumonia deaths happen. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Investigators from Australia analyzed data from the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study (TAHS) to assess whether childhood pneumonia or 1 of 6 childhood infectious diseases (measles, rubella, mumps, varicella, diphtheria, and pertussis) were associated with a diagnosis of asthma in middle-aged adults. (aappublications.org)
  • Does a previous episode of pneumonia or infection with measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, diphtheria, and/or pertussis by age 7 years influence current, persistent, and incident asthma through childhood and into middle age? (aappublications.org)
  • Severe infections during childhood that lead to hospitalisations could lower academic performance in adolescence, a new study has found. (ndtv.com)
  • Our findings extend our understanding regarding the association between particularly severe infections during childhood and adolescence and cognitive achievement," said co-author Kohler-Fosberg from the Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark. (ndtv.com)
  • Our findings extend our understanding regarding the association between particularly severe infections during childhood and adolescence and cognitive achievement," Dr. Köhler-Fosberg and coauthors conclude. (eurekalert.org)
  • Most adults who contract this condition had their first infection during childhood or early adolescence. (nyee.edu)
  • Are Infections Associated With Increased Risk of Later Mental Disorders During Childhood, Adolescence? (newswise.com)
  • 16 We focused on infections during infancy and considered actual infections as well as factors increasing the exposure to infectious agents, such as having older siblings or attendance to day care centers. (aappublications.org)
  • But there was no difference in obesity risk between infants treated with antibiotics and those with a similar infection left untreated. (nytimes.com)
  • Early infections are more common in non-breastfed infants. (medindia.net)
  • The question whether RVs are directly involved in the development of childhood wheeze and asthma, or whether symptomatic RV infections only represent a proxy for infants prone to develop obstructive lung diseases, is still open. (ersjournals.com)
  • Many infants acquire Candida infections from their mothers during the process of birth. (medicinenet.com)
  • The conventional medical approach is to give antibiotics every time an ear infection is diagnosed. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Instead of giving antibiotics every time your child has an ear infection, homeopathy, and raising the glutathione level can strengthen your child's health so that the whole pattern of getting sick stops. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Is the use of antibiotics in infancy tied to childhood obesity? (nytimes.com)
  • Some studies suggest so, but a new analysis suggests the link may be with infections rather than antibiotics. (nytimes.com)
  • In other words, infections, but not the use of antibiotics, were associated with childhood obesity. (nytimes.com)
  • You shouldn't avoid antibiotics because you are concerned about childhood obesity. (nytimes.com)
  • and prescriptions for anti-infective drugs (such as antibiotics) in primary care, reflecting less-severe infections. (eurekalert.org)
  • Infections treated with medication, especially antibiotics, were associated with increased risk. (newswise.com)
  • Adults with inflammatory bowel disease from North Carolina were questioned during 1986 and 1987 to assess risk due to a variety of childhood infections and treatments with antibiotics. (nih.gov)
  • Persons with ulcerative colitis also reported an excess of infections generally (odds ratio 2.37, 95% CI 1.19-4.71), but not an excess of specific infections or treatments with antibiotics. (nih.gov)
  • Health workers also need to judge how severe the infection is to decide whether a child needs referral to hospital, and whether the infection is bacterial or viral to decide if antibiotics will have any effect. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • When IMCI was applied, it was 100 percent sensitive to severe bacterial infection but 0% specific -- all severe viral cases would also have been prescribed antibiotics that would have made no difference. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • Maternal use of antibiotics, hospitalisation for infection during pregnancy, and risk of childhood epilepsy: a population-based cohort study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Use of antibiotics is a valid marker of infection. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We used population-based medical databases to ascertain maternal use of antibiotics or hospital contacts with infection during pregnancy, as well as first-time hospital contacts with a diagnosis of epilepsy among offspring. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The similarity of estimates across types of antibiotics suggests that processes common to all infections underlie this outcome, rather than specific pathogens or drugs. (biomedsearch.com)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), antibiotics are not a recommended treatment for most ear infections. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Antibiotics are not effective for this type ear infection. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Outbreaks of thrush in childcare settings may be the result of an increased use of antibiotics and growth of the yeast normally present in the mouth, rather than newly acquired Candida infections. (medicinenet.com)
  • Giving antibiotics may speed up the recovery time somewhat, and can also decrease the chances of infection occurring, but is not recommended in most cases. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Also known as otitis media, an ear infection is caused by fluid buildup behind the eardrum that results in inflammation. (destinchiropractor.com)
  • Both physicians note that glucocorticoid medications still play an important role in other respiratory illnesses of childhood such as asthma and croup. (medindia.net)
  • They range from common infections like croup to mysterious ailments like Kawasaki disease. (webmd.com)
  • One of the most common forms of childhood cancer could be triggered in-part by lack of exposure to common infections, a major study found. (theadvertiser.com)
  • Although Crohn's cases were more likely to report frequent exposure to penicillin (odds ratio 1.81, 95% CI 0.98-3.31), there did not appear to be excess risk conferred by penicillin after controlling for frequency of infections. (nih.gov)
  • One candidate mechanism is the changing pattern of microbial exposure in childhood. (bmj.com)
  • Recent studies have shown an inverse association between exposure to intracellular infections including tuberculosis, 3 measles, 4 and hepatitis A 5 and atopic disorder. (bmj.com)
  • Since many intracellular infections generate predominantly Th1 immune responses, and since Th1 and Th2 immune mechanisms are to a degree mutually antagonistic, 6 it can be envisaged that exposure to certain infections may repress atopic disorder. (bmj.com)
  • Childhood malaria is a major cause of mortality, and we have found that risk of childhood malaria is related to in utero exposure to pregnancy malaria, as well as other host factors like iron status and constitutive cytokine levels. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We investigated the added risk of M. tuberculosis infection due to SHS exposure in childhood contacts of TB cases in The Gambia. (ajtmh.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Prenatal exposure to maternal infection is associated with an increased risk of epilepsy in childhood. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Practice implications: Childhood exposure to adversity is very common and influences the health of women and men. (ed.gov)
  • We identified exposure to infection as having been hospitalized with an infection in the Danish national registers. (au.dk)
  • They note that their findings might be explained by missed school days or socioeconomic factors associated with the susceptibility of acquiring infections. (eurekalert.org)
  • Genetics is important in determining susceptibility, as infections tend to run in families. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • In general, the study found that less-severe infections not requiring hospitalization did not affect the children's cognitive ability. (eurekalert.org)
  • Infections requiring hospitalization were associated with subsequent increased risk of hospitalization for any mental disorder and increased risk of psychotropic medication use. (newswise.com)
  • Severe infection was defined as a fever lasting for three days or longer or hospitalization due to infection. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Common fungal infections include ringworm , athlete's foot and thrush . (mydr.com.au)
  • There are only a few fungal infections that are capable of producing systemic disease such as candidiasis. (healthy.net)
  • Rarely they may be due to viral or fungal infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous research has shown an association between brain infections, such as meningitis, and schizophrenia, but the Curtin University study is the first to demonstrate a link with illnesses that rarely involve the central nervous system - suggesting widespread inflammation, and the body's response to it, may be sufficient to disrupt brain development. (medindia.net)
  • illnesses in childhood could have long-lasting consequences for hearing in later life. (hearingreview.com)
  • A link between infection, inflammation, neurodevelopment and adult illnesses has been proposed. (cambridge.org)
  • First, there are the repeated illnesses and possible complications from the infections themselves. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • While vaccines have made some childhood illnesses rare, many others remain a fact of life. (webmd.com)
  • In the following slides, you'll learn the facts about two dozen childhood illnesses. (webmd.com)
  • Illnesses can be especially severe in those with weakened immune systems, such as those living with HIV infection. (ca.gov)
  • E ar infections are one of the most common childhood illnesses. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • Compared with vaginal birth , caesarean section (CS) was associated with an increased risk of infection-related hospitalisation in offspring up to 5 years of age. (medscape.com)
  • Both elective and emergency CS births were associated with infection-related hospitalisation, with the highest increased risk following elective CS. (medscape.com)
  • They are the most frequent causative agents of both upper and lower respiratory tract infections in this age group and are associated with a broad variety of clinical outcomes, ranging from asymptomatic infections to severe respiratory disease requiring hospitalisation. (ersjournals.com)
  • Şule Gökçe, Zafer Kurugol, Aslı Aslan, and Candan Çiçek, "Corrigendum to "A Rare Cause of Childhood Cerebellitis-Influenza Infection: A Case Report and Systematic Review of Literature"," Case Reports in Pediatrics , vol. 2018, Article ID 5781843, 2 pages, 2018. (hindawi.com)
  • The 3 most effective ways of stopping childhood infections spreading are vaccination, exclusion (staying at home when you are sick), and hand washing. (mydr.com.au)
  • Oxford University researchers are looking for healthy adults to take part in the initial trial of a potential new vaccine against a virus considered to be a crucial missing element in the childhood vaccination programme. (ox.ac.uk)
  • I like to call this group of cells the 'historical record' of infection or vaccination," Lee says. (emory.edu)
  • Because study participants were likely to have been exposed to influenza by annual vaccination or infection more recently than measles or mumps, the researchers inferred that cells specific to recent exposures can reside in multiple subsets while subset D represents the long-lived plasma cells. (emory.edu)
  • Lee says this finding also reflects subset D's role as an archive, which does not devote too much cellular space to any one vaccination or infection. (emory.edu)
  • Published in the Journal of JAMA Network Open, the study looked at signs of oral infections and inflammation including caries, fillings, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depth. (indianexpress.com)
  • Dr. Qanitha said, "One explanation is that infection initiates chronic inflammation and atherosclerosis in the arteries. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Pregnancy malaria is associated with low birth weight, maternal anemia, and gestational hypertension, and both inflammation and the fetal response to infection may contribute to these poor outcomes. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The signs of oral infection and inflammation marked by the study included caries, fillings, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • To assess the role of early respiratory infections in the development of bronchial obstruction in the first 2 years of life, and asthma by the age of 4 years in the Oslo Birth Cohort, established in 1992-1993. (aappublications.org)
  • Two cohort studies indicate that lower respiratory tract infections during infancy caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are associated with increased risk of asthma in the following years. (aappublications.org)
  • Of 3062 individuals representing the 1975-84 birth cohort at an Oxfordshire general practice, 1934 had remained registered at the practice throughout their lives and complete data were available on childhood immunisations and updated records of life time health. (bmj.com)
  • METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: To examine the relationship between maternal infection during pregnancy and risk of childhood epilepsy we conducted a historical cohort study of singletons born in northern Denmark from 1998 through 2008 who survived ≥29 days. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Rubella infection is commonly known as "German measles" or "3-day measles. (deafblind.com)
  • What test should be done to diagnose measles and other childhood infections? (healthcaremagic.com)
  • hi,sir i am doing house job in XXXXXXX MEDICINE.i wanna know some information about immunology for myself.in childhood i got measles and some other childhood infections.i am fine no complications. (healthcaremagic.com)
  • article{8604991, abstract = {Background : Sexual and physical abuse in childhood creates a great health burden including on mental and reproductive health. (ugent.be)
  • Bacterial infections can be very dangerous, especially in babies younger than 3 months. (dvpediatrics.com)
  • In addition involvement of the CNS secondary to other infections or vaccines has also been briefly covered. (wiley.com)
  • There are currently no approved vaccines or antivirals for HPIV3 infection in people. (news-medical.net)
  • Enhance understanding of infectious diseases, basic immunologic processes, and the development of vaccines and treatments against childhood pathogens. (pedsresearch.org)
  • Though the likelihood of developing the disease can also be affected by low birth-rates, premature delivery or a longer than average pregnancy, being hospitalised for infections is the factor with most influence on a child's chance of contracting arthritis. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • Although considered predominantly an allergic disease, childhood asthma has been found to be more common after the experience of at least 1 specific type of early respiratory infection. (aappublications.org)
  • The study, published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, suggested that higher numbers of hospitalisations for infections were associated with a reduced probability of completing ninth grade, as well as with lower test scores. (ndtv.com)
  • The new peptide persists longer in the body, making it about three times more effective at blocking infection in rodent models of disease than the original form. (news-medical.net)
  • Do lower respiratory tract infections in early childhood cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? (nih.gov)
  • The hypothesis that lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) in early childhood lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in late adult life has been difficult to test. (nih.gov)
  • Persons with Crohn's disease were more likely to report an increased frequency of childhood infections in general (odds ratio 4.67, 95% CI 2.65-8.23) and pharyngitis specifically (odds ratio 2.14, 95% CI 1.30-3.51). (nih.gov)
  • Finally, it was noted that urban living in childhood increased the risk for Crohn's disease. (nih.gov)
  • We conclude that childhood infections may be a risk factor for Crohn's disease and may presage the early onset of disease. (nih.gov)
  • In this review we provide an overview on the role of RVs as important disease-causing agents from infancy to early childhood and discuss their contribution to the subsequent development of childhood wheeze and/or asthma. (ersjournals.com)
  • The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the increasingly recognised role of RVs as important disease-causing agents from infancy to early childhood, to portray their impact on short-term and long-term morbidity, and to depict their role in the development of childhood wheeze and asthma. (ersjournals.com)
  • This epidemiological study investigated the relationship between childhood infections and subsequent atopic disease, taking into account a range of social and medical variables. (bmj.com)
  • A study has linked childhood dental infections to an increased risk of heart disease in later life. (cosmeticdentistryguide.co.uk)
  • 2 "Our goal in tracking CMV back from the time of diagnosis to the womb was to establish that this infection occurred well before initiation of disease. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Secondhand smoke (SHS) is also a risk factor for TB and to a lesser extent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection without disease. (ajtmh.org)
  • The study also highlighted that severe oral infections and inflammations is related to increased risk of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in adults. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • In particular, in 1993, 50% of new cases of invasive GABHS disease were associated with varicella infection and all were suppurative complications. (minervamedica.it)
  • Novel treatments to program immune-regulation in early childhood in a way that mimics the effects of early infections with T. trichiura may offer new strategies for the prevention of allergic disease. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • The index included the following adversities: family disruption, parental incarceration, parental chronic somatic disease, death of a parent, parent permanently outside of workforce, childhood abuse and placement in out-of-home care. (au.dk)
  • Lymphatic filariasis is classified as a neglected tropical disease and one of the four main worm infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • To investigate the putative relationship between childhood infections and atopic disorders further, we conducted a detailed temporal analysis of family doctor recorded diagnoses of childhood infections, including treatments and immunisations, and diagnoses of asthma, hay fever, and eczema for a 1975-84 birth group at a single general practice. (bmj.com)
  • Treatments for childhood HL, such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy or removal of the spleen (splenectomy) can also affect the immune system. (cancer.ca)
  • Lung problems, including pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis, can develop after certain treatments for childhood Hodgkin lymphoma. (cancer.ca)
  • CONCLUSION: Empirical treatment with AMP, AMS and SXT, which are commonly used in pediatric clinics, is not recommended for childhood UTI due to high incidence of resistance. (koreamed.org)
  • Today middle ear infections are diagnosed two to three times more commonly than 25 years ago. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • What are commonly known as 'yeast' infections are caused by various species of a yeast-like fungus called Candida , particularly the species Candida albicans . (medicinenet.com)
  • Infections most commonly occur in just one ear, less frequently in both. (meilinmiranda.com)
  • But though she had been free of ear infections in all that time, she had had a fever or two and was still plagued by quantities of thick greenish-yellow phlegm in her nose and throat. (healthy.net)
  • Systemic signs of infection include a fever or increase in temperature of more than 1.1 °C (2.0 °F) from usual, chills, and an increased white blood cell count. (wikipedia.org)
  • Is childhood wheeze and asthma in Latin America associated with poor hygiene and infection? (growkudos.com)
  • The idea that germs can be at-times beneficial is not totally unheard of, but it's now been given major backing by this study based on 30 years of research by well-respected and award-winning professor Mel Greaves , who studies the triggers of childhood leukemia. (theadvertiser.com)
  • Metabolic complications of HIV pose challenges for health maintenance among young adults who acquired HIV in early childhood. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Unusual but potential complications include infection of the mastoid space behind the ear, infections around the brain, and infections causing permanent inner ear hearing loss and dizziness. (medicalmalpracticelouisiana.com)
  • And regarding likelihood, parents should know that childhood leukemia is very rare (about 1 in 2,000 will get it), and there's no definitive prevention method. (theadvertiser.com)
  • And so prevention and treatment of oral infections during childhood is crucial. (indianexpress.com)
  • Prevention and treatment of oral infections are important already in childhood," the researchers concluded. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • While the approach hasn't yet been tested in humans and researchers must further refine and test the system, it does provide a new strategy for potentially preventing or treating these common infections. (news-medical.net)
  • More progressed oral infections and inflammations were associated with several cardiovascular risk factors in adults. (indianexpress.com)
  • In a UK study, rheumatoid factor positivity in adult women was dependent on their childhood living conditions, and in a Finnish study increased risks for rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile idiopathic arthritis were observed in girls exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • According to the study, boys who were admitted to hospital at least twice before age three with respiratory or intestinal infections were 80 per cent more likely than others to develop the disabling mental disorder by the time they were in their mid- to late-20s, the Age reported. (medindia.net)
  • This study used Danish nationwide registries to investigate an association between infections treated since birth and subsequent risk of treated childhood and adolescent mental disorders. (newswise.com)
  • This is an observational study and other factors might explain the results including the consequences of infections on the developing brain and other influences such as genetics and disturbances of the gut biome. (newswise.com)
  • But the study says "in their absence, later infections trigger the critical secondary mutations (ALL). (theadvertiser.com)
  • One aim of the FEBSTAT study is to determine the frequency of HHV-6A, HHV-6B, and HHV-7 as a cause of FSE and whether infection with any of these herpesviruses increases the risk of brain injury and epilepsy," said lead author Dr. Leon Epstein a, pediatric neurologist at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. (innovations-report.com)
  • Michael Eriksen Benrós stresses that the study can in the long term lead to increased focus on the immune system and how infections play a role in childhood and adolescent mental disorders. (sciencecodex.com)
  • A study concluded that oral infections 'were an independent risk factor for subclinical atherosclerosis, and their association with cardiovascular risk factors persevered through the entire follow-up. (indianexpress.com)
  • Oral infection in childhood can increase risk of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis in adulthood, according to a recent study. (indianexpress.com)
  • Our findings show that those who suffered from infections as a child were more likely to have a hearing loss in their 60s," says Mark Pearce, who holds a PhD in epidemiology and led the study at the Institute of Health and Society at Newcastle University. (hearingreview.com)
  • This study shows the importance of the Newcastle birth cohorts, with the study initially focusing on childhood infections," continues Pearce. (hearingreview.com)
  • The paper, " The Effect of Childhood Infection on Hearing Function at Age 61 to 63 Years in the Newcastle Thousand Families Study " was authored by Fiona Pearson, Kay D. Mann, Adrian Rees, Adrian Davis, and Mark Pearce. (hearingreview.com)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the association between infection burden during childhood - a critical period of development for the immune and nervous systems - and subsequent systemic inflammatory markers and general intelligence. (cambridge.org)
  • Pregnancy malaria is caused by a distinct parasite binding phenotype, and as our primary hypothesis in this study we speculate that severe childhood malaria parasites may also have distinct features. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore, we conducted this study to re-evaluate if the epidemiology, clinical manifestations and molecular characteristics of childhood CA-MRSA infections changed in the past decade in Taiwan. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Childhood sexual abuse is highly associated with HIV risk-taking behavior and infection among MSM in the EXPLORE Study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • If there is an infection during infancy, particularly a respiratory or ear infection, it should be treated," said the lead author, Dr. De-Kun Li, a Kaiser Permanente scientist. (nytimes.com)
  • The researchers said that, prior to the research, little was known about early life infections and subsequent risks of rheumatoid arthritis or juvenile idiopathic arthritis. (netdoctor.co.uk)
  • The researchers have looked at all infections that have been treated from birth and also at the subsequent risk of childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders. (sciencecodex.com)
  • In paper IV we showed that a child's age and subsequent capacity for anti-viral cytokine production affects in vitro EBV infection in terms of B-cell proliferation and B-cell acquisition of memory phenotype. (dissertations.se)
  • The researchers looked at hospital admission for infections, an indicator of moderate to severe infections and prescriptions for anti-infective drugs in primary care, reflecting less-severe infections. (ndtv.com)
  • Primary care treatment with anti-infective drugs -- indicating the presence of common, less-severe infections -- was unrelated to the chances of completing ninth grade. (ndtv.com)
  • Hospital admissions with infections are particularly associated with an increased risk of mental disorders, but so too are less severe infections that are treated with medicine from the patient's own general practitioner," says Ole Köhler-Forsberg from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital's ?Psychoses Research Unit. (sciencecodex.com)
  • Colin Macarthur, " Helicobacter pylori Infection and Childhood Recurrent Abdominal Pain: Lack of Evidence for a Cause and Effect Relationship," Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology , vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 607-610, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • Urinary tract infection in childhood: Is underinvestigation linked to morbidity? (bmj.com)
  • Different imaging strategies in febrile urinary tract infection in childhood. (springer.com)
  • 2008) Prevalence of urinary tract infection in childhood A meta-analysis. (scirp.org)
  • No evidence of sacral or perineal shingles rash (secondary varicella-zoster infection) or neurological deficit was found. (scielo.org.za)
  • After excluding urethral and bladder outlet obstruction, anti-cholinergic use, urinary tract or bladder infection and transverse myelitis, primary varicella-zoster virus-related urinary retention and constipation was tentatively diagnosed. (scielo.org.za)
  • 2-4 We found 1 report in the English literature of urinary retention complicating primary varicella-zoster infection. (scielo.org.za)
  • The authors speculated that the retention was due to combined neurogenic effects of the primary varicella-zoster infection on the sacral ganglia (i.e. the virus establishing itself within the sacral ganglia before becoming latent) and obstruction caused by the vesicle and stricture. (scielo.org.za)
  • Having excluded other pathology, we believe that our patient's presentation was congruent with the hypothesis that, towards the end of primary varicella-zoster infection, virus infecting a specific ganglion (prior to becoming latent) may cause transient neurological effects. (scielo.org.za)
  • As this was the patient's first varicella-zoster infection, we believe that, should infection be re-activated (by old age or immune suppression), he may again develop urinary dysfunction and constipation. (scielo.org.za)
  • Because also a non suppurative complication of varicella as glomerulonephritis associated with GABHS infection, has been published in only one case, we feel that it could be of interest to describe this condition in two other cases we have observed. (minervamedica.it)
  • The researchers found that any hospital contact for infections was associated with an 18 per cent reduction in the odds of completing ninth grade. (ndtv.com)
  • Aside from brain damage caused by serious infections like rubella or encephalitis, "there is growing awareness that a wider range of infections may have a more subtle and/or delayed impact on brain function," the researchers noted. (ndtv.com)
  • In conjunction with PCR results, researchers used antibody titers to determine if the infection was a primary or reactivated herpesvirus. (innovations-report.com)
  • The new knowledge could have importance for further studies of the immune system and the importance of infections for the development of a wide range of childhood and adolescent mental disorders for which the researchers have shown a correlation. (sciencecodex.com)
  • Researchers at the European Society of Cardiology have found an association between childhood infections and a higher risk of early heart attack. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Reliable data on infection related hospitalizations is unavailable in Indonesia, so researchers used questionnaires and relatives to gather information about the patient's childhood. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Interviewees were asked to verify information, and the researchers calculated an infection score between zero and four. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Antibodies in the blood have a half-life of just a few weeks, so researchers thought these individuals had long-lived plasma cells, or white blood cells secreting antibodies, dating from the childhood infection. (emory.edu)
  • Type 1 diabetes is among the most common chronic diseases with onset in childhood. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • However, in newborns or individuals with impaired immune systems, yeast can cause more serious or chronic infections. (medicinenet.com)
  • Since first reported in 2002, the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among childhood community-associated (CA) S. aureus infection in Taiwan increased significantly up to 2005. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important pathogen, which can cause various infectious diseases from mild skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) to fulminant septicemia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It is important that parents call their child's ophthalmologist or pediatrician if this infection is suspected. (nyee.edu)
  • The risk of overall and clinical type of infection by mode of birth, vaginal or CS (emergency/elective), was estimated. (medscape.com)
  • In settings, where there isn't a clinical expert to set a conclusive diagnosis, the number of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions has increased as a result -- depleting vital drug supplies and adding to the problem of antibiotic-resistant infections. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
  • 2 A rapid and simple method for the diagnosis of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection would have considerable clinical value because the management of the conditions varies according to the diagnosis. (bmj.com)
  • The effect of CMV infection on the appearance of T1D-associated autoantibodies (IAA, GADA and IA-2A, n=356) and on the progression rate to clinical T1D (n=233) were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank test. (utu.fi)
  • In further analyses, the effect of early CMV infection on the initiation of islet autoimmunity and progression to clinical T1D were examined separately. (utu.fi)
  • Interestingly, early CMV infection did not affect the appearance of T1D-associated autoantibodies but a decelerating effect was observed on the progression rate from islet autoimmunity to clinical T1D (p=0.015). (utu.fi)
  • The Global Infectious Diseases Program is focused on clinical research and interventions for pathogens that are major causes of childhood mortality in the developing world. (pedsresearch.org)
  • Frequently seen clinical features includes dyspnea, respiratory distress, recurrent pulmonary infections, and limited exercise tolerance. (wikipedia.org)
  • High temperatures, sore throats and infections during childhood can increase the risk of also suffering from a mental disorder as a child or adolescent. (sciencecodex.com)
  • As mentioned above, in individuals with impaired immune systems, yeast infections are more common. (medicinenet.com)
  • Longitudinal assessment of metabolic abnormalities in adolescents and young adults with HIV-infection acquired perinatally or in early childhood. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Objectives: To describe prevalence of childhood experiences of adversity in rural South African youth and their associations with health outcomes. (ed.gov)
  • Intestinal helminth parasites are prevalent in childhood in developing countries and are associated with a lower prevalence of allergen skin test reactivity and asthma. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Having older siblings and attendance to a day care center were also considered as proxy measures of early infections. (aappublications.org)
  • The risk of current asthma was inversely related to older siblings after controlling for early respiratory infections. (aappublications.org)
  • Early respiratory infections indicate increased, rather than decreased, risk of developing bronchial obstruction during the first 2 years of life and of having asthma at 4 years of age. (aappublications.org)
  • This hypothesis is supported by a plausible biologic mechanism, according to which early-life infections stimulate Th1 lymphocytes that may inhibit the expansion of allergen-specific Th2 lymphocytes and may limit the development of allergic diseases. (aappublications.org)
  • Gut and chest infections in early childhood appear to raise the risk of developing schizophrenia later in life, Oz scientists reveal. (medindia.net)
  • Positive infection in early-life was defined as a score of two or more. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • The researcher's findings concluded that early-life infection was associated with a three-fold higher risk of ACS. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Early-life infection may be a relatively unknown contributing factor in ACS occurrence. (belmarrahealth.com)
  • Cumulative progression to T1D was decreased in subjects with an early CMV infection (p=0.035). (utu.fi)
  • To explore the relationship between adult Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), antistreptococcal titers, ABGA, and recurrent infections during early childhood. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Early infection with Trichuris trichiura and allergen skin test reactivity in later childhood. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • CONCLUSION: Early heavy infections with T. trichiura may protect against the development of allergen skin test reactivity in later childhood. (lshtm.ac.uk)
  • Participants were childhood household contacts aged ≤ 14 years of newly diagnosed pulmonary TB (PTB) cases. (ajtmh.org)
  • The retention of bronchial secretions often leads to recurrent pulmonary infections, adding to damage in lung function, hence causing respiratory stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • If they have a contagious illness, staying away from others will also help stop the spread of infection. (mydr.com.au)
  • Is a Yeast Infection Contagious? (medicinenet.com)
  • Most yeast infections are not contagious. (medicinenet.com)
  • Rubella is an infection that primarily affects the skin and lymph glands. (deafblind.com)
  • METHOD Retrospective review of all patients with culture proved non-tuberculous mycobacterial lymph node infections who also had differential avian and human skin testing performed over a 10 year period from 1986 to 1996. (bmj.com)