An infant during the first month after birth.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Hospital units providing continuing surveillance and care to acutely ill newborn infants.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
An infant having a birth weight lower than expected for its gestational age.
Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.
A human infant born before 28 weeks of GESTATION.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
Female parents, human or animal.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.
Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Blood of the fetus. Exchange of nutrients and waste between the fetal and maternal blood occurs via the PLACENTA. The cord blood is blood contained in the umbilical vessels (UMBILICAL CORD) at the time of delivery.
Yellow discoloration of the SKIN; MUCOUS MEMBRANE; and SCLERA in the NEWBORN. It is a sign of NEONATAL HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Most cases are transient self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) occurring in the first week of life, but some can be a sign of pathological disorders, particularly LIVER DISEASES.
Disorders caused by nutritional imbalance, either overnutrition or undernutrition, occurring in infants ages 1 month to 24 months.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
Exchange of substances between the maternal blood and the fetal blood at the PLACENTA via PLACENTAL CIRCULATION. The placental barrier excludes microbial or viral transmission.
A method, developed by Dr. Virginia Apgar, to evaluate a newborn's adjustment to extrauterine life. Five items - heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color - are evaluated 60 seconds after birth and again five minutes later on a scale from 0-2, 0 being the lowest, 2 being normal. The five numbers are added for the Apgar score. A score of 0-3 represents severe distress, 4-7 indicates moderate distress, and a score of 7-10 predicts an absence of difficulty in adjusting to extrauterine life.
CHILDBIRTH at the end of a normal duration of PREGNANCY, between 37 to 40 weeks of gestation or about 280 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period.
Hospital facilities which provide care for newborn infants.
Electrically powered devices that are intended to assist in the maintenance of the thermal balance of infants, principally by controlling the air temperature and humidity in an enclosure. (from UMDNS, 1999)
The care of women and a fetus or newborn given before, during, and after delivery from the 28th week of gestation through the 7th day after delivery.
ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
A bilateral retinopathy occurring in premature infants treated with excessively high concentrations of oxygen, characterized by vascular dilatation, proliferation, and tortuosity, edema, and retinal detachment, with ultimate conversion of the retina into a fibrous mass that can be seen as a dense retrolental membrane. Usually growth of the eye is arrested and may result in microophthalmia, and blindness may occur. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Equipment and furniture used by infants and babies in the home, car, and play area.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.
Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.
Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.
Malformations of organs or body parts during development in utero.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.
Degeneration of white matter adjacent to the CEREBRAL VENTRICLES following cerebral hypoxia or BRAIN ISCHEMIA in neonates. The condition primarily affects white matter in the perfusion zone between superficial and deep branches of the MIDDLE CEREBRAL ARTERY. Clinical manifestations include VISION DISORDERS; CEREBRAL PALSY; PARAPLEGIA; SEIZURES; and cognitive disorders. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1021; Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1997, Ch4, pp30-1)
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
The care provided to women and their NEWBORNS for the first few months following CHILDBIRTH.
Resistance to a disease-causing agent induced by the introduction of maternal immunity into the fetus by transplacental transfer or into the neonate through colostrum and milk.
The posture of an individual lying face down.
The nursing specialty that deals with the care of newborn infants during the first four weeks after birth.
The thick green-to-black mucilaginous material found in the intestines of a full-term fetus. It consists of secretions of the INTESTINAL GLANDS; BILE PIGMENTS; FATTY ACIDS; AMNIOTIC FLUID; and intrauterine debris. It constitutes the first stools passed by a newborn.
Errors in metabolic processes resulting from inborn genetic mutations that are inherited or acquired in utero.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
A congenital heart defect characterized by the persistent opening of fetal DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS that connects the PULMONARY ARTERY to the descending aorta (AORTA, DESCENDING) allowing unoxygenated blood to bypass the lung and flow to the PLACENTA. Normally, the ductus is closed shortly after birth.
Accumulation of BILIRUBIN, a breakdown product of HEME PROTEINS, in the BLOOD during the first weeks of life. This may lead to NEONATAL JAUNDICE. The excess bilirubin may exist in the unconjugated (indirect) or the conjugated (direct) form. The condition may be self-limiting (PHYSIOLOGICAL NEONATAL JAUNDICE) or pathological with toxic levels of bilirubin.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
The unborn young of a viviparous mammal, in the postembryonic period, after the major structures have been outlined. In humans, the unborn young from the end of the eighth week after CONCEPTION until BIRTH, as distinguished from the earlier EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Official certifications by a physician recording the individual's birth date, place of birth, parentage and other required identifying data which are filed with the local registrar of vital statistics.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Death of the developing young in utero. BIRTH of a dead FETUS is STILLBIRTH.
Hemorrhage caused by vitamin K deficiency.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the mother.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Equipment on which one may lie and sleep, especially as used to care for the hospital patient.
CHILDBIRTH before 37 weeks of PREGNANCY (259 days from the first day of the mother's last menstrual period, or 245 days after FERTILIZATION).
The failure of a FETUS to attain its expected FETAL GROWTH at any GESTATIONAL AGE.
A bile pigment that is a degradation product of HEME.
The thin, yellow, serous fluid secreted by the mammary glands during pregnancy and immediately postpartum before lactation begins. It consists of immunologically active substances, white blood cells, water, protein, fat, and carbohydrates.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The taking of a blood sample to determine its character as a whole, to identify levels of its component cells, chemicals, gases, or other constituents, to perform pathological examination, etc.
The study of normal and abnormal behavior of children.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.
Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
A condition characterized by the abnormal presence of ERYTHROBLASTS in the circulation of the FETUS or NEWBORNS. It is a disorder due to BLOOD GROUP INCOMPATIBILITY, such as the maternal alloimmunization by fetal antigen RH FACTORS leading to HEMOLYSIS of ERYTHROCYTES, hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC), general edema (HYDROPS FETALIS), and SEVERE JAUNDICE IN NEWBORN.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
A clinical syndrome with intermittent abdominal pain characterized by sudden onset and cessation that is commonly seen in infants. It is usually associated with obstruction of the INTESTINES; of the CYSTIC DUCT; or of the URINARY TRACT.
Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.
The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).
The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.
In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).
The flexible rope-like structure that connects a developing FETUS to the PLACENTA in mammals. The cord contains blood vessels which carry oxygen and nutrients from the mother to the fetus and waste products away from the fetus.
Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A heterogeneous group of nonprogressive motor disorders caused by chronic brain injuries that originate in the prenatal period, perinatal period, or first few years of life. The four major subtypes are spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed cerebral palsy, with spastic forms being the most common. The motor disorder may range from difficulties with fine motor control to severe spasticity (see MUSCLE SPASTICITY) in all limbs. Spastic diplegia (Little disease) is the most common subtype, and is characterized by spasticity that is more prominent in the legs than in the arms. Pathologically, this condition may be associated with LEUKOMALACIA, PERIVENTRICULAR. (From Dev Med Child Neurol 1998 Aug;40(8):520-7)
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.
A condition characterized by an abnormal increase of BILIRUBIN in the blood, which may result in JAUNDICE. Bilirubin, a breakdown product of HEME, is normally excreted in the BILE or further catabolized before excretion in the urine.
A condition of substandard growth or diminished capacity to maintain normal function.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
The mildest form of erythroblastosis fetalis in which anemia is the chief manifestation.
An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A method of continuously holding a partially wrapped baby to the chest, involving skin-to-skin contact. Originally it was a method of caring for LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT INFANT in developing countries and is now more widespread in developed nations. Aside from encouraging breast feeding, the extra sleep that the infant gets assists in regulating body temperature, helps the baby conserve energy, and redirects calorie expenditures toward growth and weight gain.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The killing of infants at birth or soon after.
A term used pathologically to describe BILIRUBIN staining of the BASAL GANGLIA; BRAIN STEM; and CEREBELLUM and clinically to describe a syndrome associated with HYPERBILIRUBINEMIA. Clinical features include athetosis, MUSCLE SPASTICITY or hypotonia, impaired vertical gaze, and DEAFNESS. Nonconjugated bilirubin enters the brain and acts as a neurotoxin, often in association with conditions that impair the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER (e.g., SEPSIS). This condition occurs primarily in neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN), but may rarely occur in adults. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p613)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Pathophysiological conditions of the FETUS in the UTERUS. Some fetal diseases may be treated with FETAL THERAPIES.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to mothers and children.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Morphological and physiological development of FETUSES.
Abnormal increase in RESPIRATORY RATE in the newborn. It is self-limiting and attributed to the delayed fetal lung fluid clearance often in CAESAREAN SECTION delivery.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Syphilis acquired in utero and manifested by any of several characteristic tooth (Hutchinson's teeth) or bone malformations and by active mucocutaneous syphilis at birth or shortly thereafter. Ocular and neurologic changes may also occur.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.
The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.
Use of reflected ultrasound in the diagnosis of intracranial pathologic processes.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.
Childbirth taking place in the home.
Devices that babies can suck on when they are not feeding. The extra sucking can be comforting to the babies and pacify them. Pacifiers usually are used as a substitute for the thumb in babies who suck on their thumb or fingers almost constantly.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Special hospitals which provide care to women during pregnancy and parturition.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The state of PREGNANCY in women with DIABETES MELLITUS. This does not include either symptomatic diabetes or GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE induced by pregnancy (DIABETES, GESTATIONAL) which resolves at the end of pregnancy.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Repetitive withdrawal of small amounts of blood and replacement with donor blood until a large proportion of the blood volume has been exchanged. Used in treatment of fetal erythroblastosis, hepatic coma, sickle cell anemia, disseminated intravascular coagulation, septicemia, burns, thrombotic thrombopenic purpura, and fulminant malaria.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A disorder characterized by a reduction of oxygen in the blood combined with reduced blood flow (ISCHEMIA) to the brain from a localized obstruction of a cerebral artery or from systemic hypoperfusion. Prolonged hypoxia-ischemia is associated with ISCHEMIC ATTACK, TRANSIENT; BRAIN INFARCTION; BRAIN EDEMA; COMA; and other conditions.
Determination of the nature of a pathological condition or disease in the postimplantation EMBRYO; FETUS; or pregnant female before birth.
Young, unweaned mammals. Refers to nursing animals whether nourished by their biological mother, foster mother, or bottle fed.
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Anemia characterized by decreased or absent iron stores, low serum iron concentration, low transferrin saturation, and low hemoglobin concentration or hematocrit value. The erythrocytes are hypochromic and microcytic and the iron binding capacity is increased.
A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
Pathological processes involving any part of the LUNG.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
A fetal blood vessel connecting the pulmonary artery with the descending aorta.
Four CSF-filled (see CEREBROSPINAL FLUID) cavities within the cerebral hemispheres (LATERAL VENTRICLES), in the midline (THIRD VENTRICLE) and within the PONS and MEDULLA OBLONGATA (FOURTH VENTRICLE).
Prenatal protozoal infection with TOXOPLASMA gondii which is associated with injury to the developing fetal nervous system. The severity of this condition is related to the stage of pregnancy during which the infection occurs; first trimester infections are associated with a greater degree of neurologic dysfunction. Clinical features include HYDROCEPHALUS; MICROCEPHALY; deafness; cerebral calcifications; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. Signs of a systemic infection may also be present at birth, including fever, rash, and hepatosplenomegaly. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p735)
Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.
A condition of fetal overgrowth leading to a large-for-gestational-age FETUS. It is defined as BIRTH WEIGHT greater than 4,000 grams or above the 90th percentile for population and sex-specific growth curves. It is commonly seen in GESTATIONAL DIABETES; PROLONGED PREGNANCY; and pregnancies complicated by pre-existing diabetes mellitus.
An infant born at or after 42 weeks of gestation.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
A vaccine consisting of DIPHTHERIA TOXOID; TETANUS TOXOID; and whole-cell PERTUSSIS VACCINE. The vaccine protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
A bacterium which causes mastitis in cattle and occasionally in man.
A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).
Vaccines or candidate vaccines containing inactivated hepatitis B or some of its component antigens and designed to prevent hepatitis B. Some vaccines may be recombinantly produced.
The pit in the center of the ABDOMINAL WALL marking the point where the UMBILICAL CORD entered in the FETUS.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Male parents, human or animal.

Increased insensible water loss in newborn infants nursed under radiant heaters. (1/48457)

Urine osmolality was studied in 38 babies nursed in conventional incubators or cots and 18 nursed under an overhead radiant heat shield. Among 50 babies receiving a similar fluid intake in the first 48 hours of life mean urinary osmolality was significantly higher in the radiant heater group. In babies weighing less than 1500 g a trend towards higher urinary osmolalities was recorded in those nursed under radiant heaters even though they had received amost double the fluid intake of the incubator group. Severe hypernatraemia occurred in four of the five babies weighing less than 1000 g who were nursed under radiant heaters but in none of the seven babies of similar birth weight nursed in incubators. These findings are consistent with previous observations of an increase in insensible water loss in babies nursed under radiant heaters and emphasise the importance of providing enough extra water for these infants and the need for close monitoring of their fluid balance. The latter may be done at the bedside by measuring urinary specific gravity with a hand refractometer.  (+info)

New perspectives on biliary atresia. (2/48457)

An investigation into the aetiology, diagnosis, and treatment of biliary atresia was carried out because the prognosis remains so poor.In an electron microscopical study no viral particles or viral inclusion bodies were seen, nor were any specific ultrastructural features observed. An animal experiment suggested that obstruction within the biliary tract of newborn rabbits could be produced by maternal intravenous injection of the bile acid lithocholic acid.A simple and atraumatic method of diagnosis was developed using(99) (m)Tc-labelled compounds which are excreted into bile. Two compounds, (99m)Tc-pyridoxylidene glutamate ((99m)Tc-PG) and (99m)Tc-dihydrothioctic acid ((99m)Tc-DHT) were first assessed in normal piglets and piglets with complete biliary obstruction. Intestinal imaging correlated with biliary tract patency, and the same correlation was found in jaundiced human adults, in whom the (99m)Tc-PG scan correctly determined biliary patency in 21 out of 24 cases. The (99m)Tc-PG scan compared well with liver biopsy and (131)I-Rose Bengal in the diagnosis of 11 infants with prolonged jaundice.A model of extrahepatic biliary atresia was developed in the newborn piglet so that different methods of bile drainage could be assessed. Priorities in biliary atresia lie in a better understanding of the aetiology and early diagnosis rather than in devising new bile drainage procedures.  (+info)

Perinatal nephropathies. (3/48457)

The purpose of this paper is to review the development of the mammalian kidney and to assess the influence that various perinatal manipulations may have on the developmental process either morphologically or functionally. Immature kidneys in general have less functional capacity than adult kidneys and a low rate of glomerular filtration, perhaps related to renal blood flow, which appears to limit the disposition of a fluid or solute load. Tubular reabsorption is also limited leading to the urinary loss of glucose, amino acids, bicarbonate and phosphate. Although the relatively low function of the immature kidney is a normal part of development, its capacity to respond under conditions of stress may be less adequate than in adults. An additional concern is that a variety of perinatal manipulations, such as the incidental or accidental ingestion of a chemical, may lead to varying degrees of altered morphogenesis or functional development of the kidney. Chemical induced renal anomalies may be of several types, but in typical teratology experiments hydronephrosis may be the most frequent observation. The functional consequences of these renal malformations may be lethal or inconsequential or while an animal may be able to survive and develop normally in the presence of a renal malformation, it is possible that a stressful situation would unmask a functional malformation which could compromise survival. Thus, some renal abnormalities may be subtle enough to go unnoticed without experimental tests. Without such tests it is impossible to evaluate the effect of functional alterations on successful adaptation.  (+info)

Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for the treatment of severe combined immunodeficiency. (4/48457)

BACKGROUND: Since 1968 it has been known that bone marrow transplantation can ameliorate severe combined immunodeficiency, but data on the long-term efficacy of this treatment are limited. We prospectively studied immunologic function in 89 consecutive infants with severe combined immunodeficiency who received hematopoietic stem-cell transplants at Duke University Medical Center between May 1982 and September 1998. METHODS: Serum immunoglobulin levels and lymphocyte phenotypes and function were assessed and genetic analyses performed according to standard methods. Bone marrow was depleted of T cells by agglutination with soybean lectin and by sheep-erythrocyte rosetting before transplantation. RESULTS: Seventy-seven of the infants received T-cell-depleted, HLA-haploidentical parental marrow, and 12 received HLA-identical marrow from a related donor; 3 of the recipients of haploidentical marrow also received placental-blood transplants from unrelated donors. Except for two patients who received placental blood, none of the recipients received chemotherapy before transplantation or prophylaxis against graft-versus-host disease. Of the 89 infants, 72 (81 percent) were still alive 3 months to 16.5 years after transplantation, including all of the 12 who received HLA-identical marrow, 60 of the 77 (78 percent) who were given haploidentical marrow, and 2 of the 3 (67 percent) who received both haploidentical marrow and placental blood. T-cell function became normal within two weeks after transplantation in the patients who received unfractionated HLA-identical marrow but usually not until three to four months after transplantation in those who received T-cell-depleted marrow. At the time of the most recent evaluation, all but 4 of the 72 survivors had normal T-cell function, and all the T cells in their blood were of donor origin. B-cell function remained abnormal in many of the recipients of haploidentical marrow. In 26 children (5 recipients of HLA-identical marrow and 21 recipients of haploidentical marrow) between 2 percent and 100 percent of B cells were of donor origin. Forty-five of the 72 children were receiving intravenous immune globulin. CONCLUSIONS: Transplantation of marrow from a related donor is a life-saving and life-sustaining treatment for patients with any type of severe combined immunodeficiency, even when there is no HLA-identical donor.  (+info)

Cocaine metabolite kinetics in the newborn. (5/48457)

The study goal was to determine the half-life elimination of cocaine and benzoylecgonine (BZE) in the newborn. Three 0.3-mL blood samples were collected during the first day of life. Urine was collected once daily. Cocaine and BZE concentrations were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. An extraction method was developed for measuring low concentrations of cocaine and BZE in small (0.1 mL) blood samples. Cocaine had a half-life of 11.6 h in one subject. The half-life of BZE during the first day of life, based on blood data in 13 subjects, was 16 h (95% confidence interval [CI], 12.8 to 21.4 h). The half-life of BZE during the first week of life, based on urine data in 16 subjects, was 11.2 h (95% CI, 10.1 to 11.8 h). The novel extraction method for small blood sample volumes should be applicable to other basic drugs.  (+info)

Activation of alveolar macrophages in lung injury associated with experimental acute pancreatitis is mediated by the liver. (6/48457)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate (1) whether alveolar macrophages are activated as a consequence of acute pancreatitis (AP), (2) the implication of inflammatory factors released by these macrophages in the process of neutrophil migration into the lungs observed in lung injury induced by AP, and (3) the role of the liver in the activation of alveolar macrophages. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Acute lung injury is the extrapancreatic complication most frequently associated with death and complications in severe AP. Neutrophil infiltration into the lungs seems to be related to the release of systemic and local mediators. The liver and alveolar macrophages are sources of mediators that have been suggested to participate in the lung damage associated with AP. METHODS: Pancreatitis was induced in rats by intraductal administration of 5% sodium taurocholate. The inflammatory process in the lung and the activation of alveolar macrophages were investigated in animals with and without portocaval shunting 3 hours after AP induction. Alveolar macrophages were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. The generation of nitric oxide, leukotriene B4, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and MIP-2 by alveolar macrophages and the chemotactic activity of supernatants of cultured macrophages were evaluated. RESULTS: Pancreatitis was associated with increased infiltration of neutrophils into the lungs 3 hours after induction. This effect was prevented by the portocaval shunt. Alveolar macrophages obtained after induction of pancreatitis generated increased levels of nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and MIP-2, but not leukotriene B4. In addition, supernatants of these macrophages exhibited a chemotactic activity for neutrophils when instilled into the lungs of unmanipulated animals. All these effects were abolished when portocaval shunting was carried out before induction of pancreatitis. CONCLUSION: Lung damage induced by experimental AP is associated with alveolar macrophage activation. The liver mediates the alveolar macrophage activation in this experimental model.  (+info)

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide and the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years. (7/48457)

BACKGROUND: The objective of the investigation was to test the hypothesis that exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) has a causal influence on the occurrence of bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age. METHODS: A nested case-control study with 153 one-to-one matched pairs was conducted within a cohort of 3754 children born in Oslo in 1992/93. Cases were children who developed > or = 2 episodes of bronchial obstruction or one episode lasting >4 weeks. Controls were matched for date of birth. Exposure measurements were performed in the same 14-day period within matched pairs. The NO2 exposure was measured with personal samplers carried close to each child and by stationary samplers outdoors and indoors. RESULTS: Few children (4.6%) were exposed to levels of NO2 > or = 30 microg/m3 (average concentration during a 14-day period). In the 153 matched pairs, the mean level of NO2 was 15.65 microg/m3 (+/-0.60, SE) among cases and 15.37 (+/-0.54) among controls (paired t = 0.38, P = 0.71). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that NO2 exposure at levels observed in this study has no detectable effect on the risk of developing bronchial obstruction in children below 2 years of age.  (+info)

A method for calculating age-weighted death proportions for comparison purposes. (8/48457)

OBJECTIVE: To introduce a method for calculating age-weighted death proportions (wDP) for comparison purposes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A methodological study using secondary data from the municipality of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1980-1994) was carried out. First, deaths are weighted in terms of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years. Then, in order to eliminate distortion of comparisons among proportions of years of potential life lost before the age of 100 years (pYPLL-100), the denominator is set to that of a standard age distribution of deaths for all causes. Conventional death proportions (DP), pYPLL-100, and wDP were calculated. RESULTS: Populations in which deaths from a particular cause occur at older ages exhibit lower wDP than those in which deaths occur at younger ages. The sum of all cause-specific wDP equals one only when the test population has exactly the same age distribution of deaths for all causes as that of the standard population. CONCLUSION: Age-weighted death proportions improve the information given by conventional DP, and are strongly recommended for comparison purposes.  (+info)

Definition of congenital disease in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is congenital disease? Meaning of congenital disease as a legal term. What does congenital disease mean in law?
Late-preterm infants have substantially higher costs than term infants, and the magnitude of this economic burden maybe greater than recognized previously. Although the birth hospitalization contributed a large proportion of total costs, late-preterm infants continued to use more health care resources throughout the first year of life compared with term infants. In every health care service group, late-preterm infants cost more than term infants. In addition, major differences in costs occurred with services indicative of more serious health conditions, namely, rehospitalizations, outpatient hospital visits, and home health care services.. This study, in contrast to most previous studies, included infants who were from multiple births. When late-preterm infants from multiple births were compared with singletons, infants from multiple births did not have higher rates of rehospitalization but did have higher costs during the first year after discharge from birth. This finding was also observed ...
Between September 20, 1993 and September 20, 1994, a total of 13 560 live births were delivered at the CSPC. Of them, 3350 (24.7%) corresponded to LBW infants (birth weight ≤2500 g). A total of 1084 (8%) live newborn infants weighing ≤2000 g were assessed and followed to determine eligibility. A total of 307 (28%) infants were declared ineligible before randomization for reasons such dying before eligibility (160 infants, 15%); major malformation and dimorphic syndromes (7 infants, 1.5%); early detection of severe sequel of neonatal conditions including cerebral palsy, severe encephalopathy, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, etc (29 infants, 6.1%); referral to other institutions because of insufficient number of beds (131 infants, 12%); and other reasons (10 infants, 2.1%). The remaining 777 (72%) were randomized to one of the two interventions. Thirty-one infants were subsequently withdrawn, leaving only 746 in the study. These withdrawals were necessary because some of the conditions that ...
2015 by Thieme Medical ublishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, ew York, NY 10001, USA. Background We previously reported on the overall incidence, management, and outcomes in infants with cardiovascular insufficiency (CVI). However, there are limited data on the relationship of the specific different definitions of CVI to short-term outcomes in term and late preterm newborn infants. Objective This study aims to evaluate how four definitions of CVI relate to short-term outcomes and death. Study Design The previously reported study was a multicenter, prospective cohort study of 647 infants ≥ 34 weeks gestation admitted to a Neonatal Research Network (NRN) newborn intensive care unit (NICU) and mechanically ventilated (MV) during their first 72 hours. The relationship of five short-term outcomes at discharge and four different definitions of CVI were further analyzed. Results All the four definitions were associated with greater number of days on MV and days on O2. The definition using a threshold ...
12. Erlandsson K et al. Skin-to-skin care with the father after cesarean birth and its effect on newborn crying and prefeeding behavior. Birth. 2007 Jun;34(2):105-14.. Καισαρικές ρουτίνας. 1. de Almeida MF et al. Non-urgent caesarean delivery increases the need for ventilation at birth in term newborn infants. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2010 Jun 28. [Epub ahead of print ...
The General Prosecutors Office of Debrecen proposed upholding the verdict in the case of a woman who had been sentenced by the court of first instance to 10 years in prison for killing her newborn child.. The Eger Tribunal sentenced a woman who had left her newborn child alone on the outskirts of a town in Heves to 10 years in prison and 10 years in disqualification for the murder of a person under the age of fourteen. The tribunal also terminated the defendants custody of his three children.. According to the facts of the non-final judgment, the accused had been engaged in an unsettled life of prostitution since the age of 16, both at home and abroad. Over the years, she has had multiple unwanted pregnancies that mostly ended in miscarriages. Her three minor children live in the care of relatives and do not have contact with her.. The accused became pregnant again in the fall of 2019, but did not seek medical care. In March 2020, she visited her brother, who helped her because of her ...
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This study will evaluate the safety and PKs of RAL given to HIV-1-exposed newborn infants at risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection. The study also seeks to determine the appropriate dosing regimen of RAL that can be safely given to infants in the first 6 weeks of life.. The study will enroll 50 mother-infant pairs. Mothers will be followed until discharge from the labor and delivery unit, and infants will be followed for 24 weeks after birth. Infants will be assigned non-randomly to 1 of 2 cohorts. Each cohort will include two groups of infants: a RAL-naïve group including infants born to mothers who did not receive RAL before delivery, and a RAL-exposed group including infants born to mothers who received at least one dose of RAL within 2 to 24 hours before delivery.. A minimum of 12 infants will be enrolled into Cohort 1. All infants in Cohort 1 will receive RAL as oral granules for suspension as a single dose within 48 hours of birth, in addition to standard of care ARV drugs for PMTCT, and a ...
This study will evaluate the safety and PKs of RAL given to HIV-1-exposed newborn infants at risk of acquiring HIV-1 infection. The study also seeks to determine the appropriate dosing regimen of RAL that can be safely given to infants in the first 6 weeks of life.. The study will enroll 50 mother-infant pairs. Mothers will be followed until discharge from the labor and delivery unit, and infants will be followed for 24 weeks after birth. Infants will be assigned non-randomly to 1 of 2 cohorts. Each cohort will include two groups of infants: a RAL-naïve group including infants born to mothers who did not receive RAL before delivery, and a RAL-exposed group including infants born to mothers who received at least one dose of RAL within 2 to 24 hours before delivery.. A minimum of 12 infants will be enrolled into Cohort 1. All infants in Cohort 1 will receive RAL as oral granules for suspension as a single dose within 48 hours of birth, in addition to standard of care ARV drugs for PMTCT, and a ...
Blood volume and haemoglobin (Hb) levels are increased by delayed umbilical cord clamping, which has been reported to improve clinical outcomes of preterm infants. The objective was to determine whether Hb level at birth was associated with short term outcomes in preterm infants born at ≤32 weeks gestation. Data were collected retrospectively from electronic records: Standardised Electronic Neonatal Database, Electronic Patient Record, Pathology (WinPath), and Blood Bank Electronic Database. The study was conducted in a tertiary perinatal centre with around 5,500 deliveries and a neonatal unit admission of 750 infants per year. All inborn preterm infants of 23 to 32 weeks gestational age (GA) admitted to the neonatal unit from January 2006 to September 2012 were included. The primary outcomes were intra-ventricular haemorrhage, necrotising entero-colitis, broncho-pulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity, and death before discharge. The secondary outcomes were receiving blood transfusion and
Background. Children with perinatal chronic lung disease (CLD) are at elevated risk for severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) disease in the first two years of life. The American Academy of Pediatrics policy does not recommend RSV immunoprophylaxis for infants with CLD born at ≥32 weeks gestational age (wGA). The objective of this study was to describe the number and clinical characteristics of US infants in this population.. Methods. Birth hospitalization data from the Kids Inpatient Database were utilized to estimate the prevalence of CLD (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision [ICD-9] = 770.7) in 2003-2012 overall and by gestational age (ICD-9 = 765.21-765.29). CLD birth hospitalizations were evaluated by length of stay, costs, ventilatory support, and inpatient mortality.. Results. A total of 33,537 infants were diagnosed with CLD, representing 0.2% of US births; 79% had wGA coded in the database. Among infants with CLD with wGA, 3.5% were born at ,32 wGA, ...
Structured observation of motor performance (SOMP-1) applied to preterm and full term infants who needed neonatal intensive care. A cross-sectional analysis of progress and quality of motor performanc ...
article{143f9d59-0d1e-4df2-aa6e-1514b1b98f1a, abstract = {,p,Importance: Since 2004-2007, national guidelines and recommendations have been developed for the management of extremely preterm births in Sweden. If and how more uniform management has affected infant survival is unknown. Objective: To compare survival of extremely preterm infants born during 2004-2007 with survival of infants born during 2014-2016. Design, Setting and Participants: All births at 22-26 weeks gestational age (n = 2205) between April 1, 2004, and March 31, 2007, and between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016, in Sweden were studied. Prospective data collection was used during 2004-2007. Data were obtained from the Swedish pregnancy, medical birth, and neonatal quality registries during 2014-2016. Exposures: Delivery at 22-26 weeks gestational age. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was infant survival to the age of 1 year. The secondary outcome was 1-year survival among live-born infants who did not ...
Eight randomised controlled trials met the inclusion criteria and only included term infants (n = 4011). Five studies included infants with no fetal distress and clear amniotic fluid, one large study included vigorous infants with clear or meconium-stained amniotic fluid, and two large studies included infants with thin or thick meconium-stained amniotic fluid. Overall, there was no statistical difference between oro/nasopharyngeal suction and no oro/nasopharyngeal suction for all reported outcomes: mortality (typical RR 2.29, 95% CI 0.94 to 5.53; typical RD 0.01, 95% CI -0.00 to 0.01; I2 = 0%, studies = 2, participants = 3023), need for resuscitation (typical RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.69 to 1.06; typical RD -0.01, 95% CI -0.03 to 0.00; I2 = 0%, studies = 5, participants = 3791), admission to NICU (typical RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.62 to 1.08; typical RD -0.03, 95% CI -0.08 to 0.01; I2 = 27%, studies = 2, participants = 997) and Apgar scores at five minutes (MD -0.03, 95% CI -0.08 to 0.02; I2 not estimated, ...
OBJECTIVE: To provide population-based estimates of the hospital-related costs of maternal and newborn care, and how these vary by gestational age and birth weight.. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2009-2011 California in-hospital deliveries at nonfederal hospitals with the infant and maternal discharge data successfully (96%) linked to birth certificates. Cost-to-charge ratios were used to estimate costs from charges. Physician hospital payments were estimated by mean diagnosis related group-specific reimbursement and costs were adjusted for inflation to December 2017 values. After exclusions for incomplete or missing data, the final sample was 1 265 212.. RESULTS: The mean maternal costs for all in-hospital deliveries was $8204, increasing to $13 154 for late preterm (32-36 weeks) and $22 702 for very preterm (,32 weeks) mothers. The mean cost for all newborns was $6389: $2433 for term infants, $22 102 for late preterm, $223 931 for very preterm infants, and $317 982 for ...
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3865 consecutive newborns delivered between 2/1/91 and 7/31/93 were prospectively studied. All the neonates received a physical examination during the first 24 hours of life. Major congenital anomalies (MCA) were found in 64 newborns at incidence of 16.5/1000 births. 61 patients with full description included 40 with single and 21 ...
Background: Maturation of amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) activity is influenced by both gestational age (GA) and postmenstrual age. It is not fully known how this process is influenced by cerebral lesions. Objective: To compare early aEEG developmental changes between preterm newborns with different degrees of cerebral lesions on cranial ultrasound (cUS). Methods: Prospective cohort study on preterm newborns with GA ,32.0 weeks, undergoing continuous aEEG recording during the first 84 h after birth. aEEG characteristics were qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated using pre-established criteria. Based on cUS findings three groups were formed: normal (n = 78), mild (n = 20), and severe cerebral lesions (n = 6). Linear mixed models for repeated measures were used to analyze aEEG maturational trajectories. Results: 104 newborns with a mean GA (range) 29.5 (24.4-31.7) weeks, and birth weight 1,220 (580-2,020) g were recruited. Newborns with severe brain lesions started with ...
Publicly insured women usually have a different demographic background to privately insured women, which is related to poor neonatal outcomes after birth. Given the difference in nature and risk of preterm versus term births, it would be important to compare adverse neonatal outcomes after preterm birth between these groups of women after eliminating the demographic differences between the groups. The study population included 3085 publicly insured and 3380 privately insured, singleton, preterm deliveries (32-36 weeks gestation) from Western Australia during 1998-2008. From the study population, 1016 publicly insured women were matched with 1016 privately insured women according to the propensity score of maternal demographic characteristics and pre-existing medical conditions. Neonatal outcomes were compared in the propensity score matched cohorts using conditional log-binomial regression, adjusted for antenatal risk factors. Outcomes included Apgar scores less than 7 at five minutes after birth, time
A Study of Neurological Abnormalities of Term Neonates and its Relationship to Adverse Obstetric and Neonatal Factors Pediatric Oncall
PURPOSE: With advancement in neonatal care units, early detection of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in premature and very-low-birth-weight infants is important. Numerous studies have reported an increased risk of ROP in prematurely born infants, but only few have been long-term and strictly population-based. The aim of the present study was ...
Vaccination is a key area of NHS policy and one of the most cost-effective public health interventions for protecting the population from disease. There are many factors which can impact the way a childs immune system responds to vaccination, such as the age at which the first vaccine is delivered, the sex of the child and the spacing between doses. Variation in these and other factors leads to better immunity in some children than others. Infants are provided with a degree of protection against disease in the first few months of life due to an inherited antibody from their mother. This maternally-derived antibody wanes over time but whilst still circulating can interfere with the way the infants immune system responds to vaccination. The current programme to immunise mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy is one way to enhance protection for infants, however this may also have negative impacts on the infants response to their vaccines. A clearer understanding of these influences on ...
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Previous reports of blood pressure in infants have shown a wide range of values depending, in part, on the birthweight characteristics of the study populations. Reported perinatal values in studies of low birthweight singletons, for example, have been lower than almost all other reports dealing with perinatal blood pressure among heavier babies.9,11 In our cohort more than half of the infants weighed less than 2500 g at birth, or below the 10th centile at sea level, from the 38th week of gestation onwards.27 Though the overall values in our newborn infants are lower than previously described,*RF 1,2,3-5,7,12* they are more consistent with reported tendencies from populations of predominantly low birthweight singletons. For example, the values in newborn infants weighing ,1500 g are nearly identical with those reported by Spinazzola et al for very low birthweight singletons,11 and values for newborn infants weighing 1501-2500 g are exactly within the ranges noted by Gennser et al for 1550-2500 g ...
Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant , Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant , کتابخانه دیجیتال دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان
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Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant , Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant , کتابخانه مرکزی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی تهران
This large cohort study suggests that neonatal infections among ELBW infants are associated with poor neurodevelopmental and growth outcomes in early childhood. Additional studies are needed to elucidate the pathogenesis of brain injury in infants with infection so that novel interventions to improv …
cesarean born infants initial exposure is more likely to environmental microbes from the air, other infants, and the nursing staff which serves as vectors for transfer (this is one of the risks of a cesarean birth). *Babies at highest risk of colonization by undesirable microbes or when transfer from maternal sources cannot occur are cesarean-delivered babies, preterm infants, full term infants requiring intensive care, or infants separated from their mother (again the reason why a vaginal, unmedicated (since it can lead to infant complications), non induced birth is ideal). *Breastfed and formula-fed infants have different gut flora. *Breastfed babies have a lower gut pH (acidic environment) of approximately 5.1-5.4 throughout the first six weeks that is dominated by bifidobacteria with reduced pathogenic (disease-causing) microbes such as E coli, bacteroides, clostridia, and streptococci (the colostrum and milk of the babys mom provide immune building protectants]. *Babies fed formula have a ...
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Results A total of 73 babies were identified, out of which 9 (12.3%) were late preterm. 19 out of 73 (23%) neonates had elevated CRP and were treated for 5 to 7 days. 10 out of these 23 (43.4%) neonates had maternal pyrexia as a risk factor. All babies have been clinically well and managed on postnatal ward. Blood cultures in all identified neonates have been negative. 30 out of 54 (55%) neonates with normal CRP stayed in hospital for more than 48 hrs awaiting blood culture results and clinical reviews.. ...
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In this report, the investigators used reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction with the cobas SARS-CoV-2 assay (Roche Molecular Systems, Inc., Branchburg, New Jersey) to assess viral loads among infants, children, and adolescents who were hospitalized with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 and subsequently discharged from a childrens hospital between March 14, 2002, and April 24, 2020. A total of 57 patients tested positive for COVID-19 infection, 35.1% of whom were infants aged ≤12 months. The older children ranged in ages from 1 to 21 years. Mean nasopharyngeal viral load was found to be significantly higher in infants compared with older children (mean cycle threshold values 21.05 vs 27.25; P ,.01). However, the number of infants with severe disease was significantly lower compared with older patients (1 vs 12; P =.02). The mean time to test positivity from symptom onset was also lower in infants when compared with older patients (2 vs 3.8 days; P ,.01), and similar proportions of ...
A study was conducted to determine whether newborn infants organize auditory streams in a manner similar to that of adults. A series of three experiments investigated the ability of three- to four-day-old infants to discriminate repeated rising and falling four-tone sequences in two configurations of source timbre and spatial position. It was hypothesized that if the sequences were organized into two auditory streams on the basis of timbre and spatial position, one of the configurations should be discriminable from its reversal, while the other should not. The sequences were tested with different pitch and temporal intervals separating the tones. Sequences were discriminated for the first configuration by adults at both fast tempo/small interval and slow tempo/large interval combinations, while only the latter was discriminated by newborns as measured with a non-nutritive, high-amplitude sucking paradigm. Neither adults nor infants could discriminate the sequence reversals for the second ...
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In the last decades the survival rates of preterm babies and full-term babies with severe diseases have increased due to advances in perinatal care. Understandably however, higher survival rates have not been accompanied by an overall reduction of morbidity, so that limitation of long-term neurodevelopmental abnormalities remains a major challenge of early care (1). The possibility to better predict the outcome of newborns at neurodevelopmental risk is essential to inform early intervention, to allow best allocation of resources and to minimize long-term consequences. Unfortunately, clinicians continue to possess limited ability to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes, mainly relying, in most settings, on early findings at cranial ultrasound (cUS).Recent studies (2) have proven the power of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) superior to other neuroimaging modalities, including cUS, in detecting cerebral injury. Neonatal MRI provides non-invasive, high-resolution images in less than one hour; scans are
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April Levin, MD is a child neurologist with significant experience in research EEG and specifically in implementing and analyzing EEG data from high risk infant baby siblings of children with ASD through her postdoctoral fellowship. Dr. Levin, in collaboration with Dr. Charles Nelson, PhD, has developed an EEG pipeline for post-processing of EEG data in young children and children with neurological disorders (including high risk infants, children with tuberous sclerosis and ASD). Dr. Levins research over the past several years has focused on developing signal processing algorithms to extract information from EEG of children with (and at risk for) autism spectrum disorder. Her clinical work primarily involves seeing patients in the Autism Spectrum Center, which provides her with regular exposure to the clinical manifestations of autism. Dr. Levin is also a member of the Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience (LCN), directed by Dr. Nelson ...
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Objective: This was a feasibility study to determine whether an edu-cational program conducted over 2 days followed by 25 performed studies under supervision equips physicians with the skills to accurately interpret and perform integrated lung ultrasound (LUS) and focused heart ultrasound (FHUS) as a screening exam in infants at risk of respiratory or hemodynamic compromise.. Methods: We conducted a training course over 2 days (total of 16 hours) to teach fellows how to interpret a pre-designed model of LUS and FHUS, as a screening exam for infants at risk of respiratory or hemodynamic compromise. Then trainees performed 25 cases with different neonatal lung and functional heart issues. The screening model included only the basic views required to evaluate common lung parenchymal and functional neonatal heart conditions in sick infants. The accuracy of interpretation during the course was assessed by Kappa.. Results: The inter-rater agreement between all trainees and instructor improved on the ...
By: Habib Zaghouani. COLUMBIA, MO -- For years, researchers and physicians have known that infants immune systems do not respond well to certain vaccines, thus the need for additional boosters as children develop. Now, in a new study from the University of Missouri, one researcher has found an explanation for that poor response. In the study, the MU scientist found evidence that the immune systems of newborns might require some time after birth to mature to a point where the benefits of vaccines can be fully realized. Habib Zaghouani, a professor of molecular microbiology and immunology and child health at the MU School of Medicine, recently found that a slowly maturing component of the immune system might explain why newborns contract infections easily. In his work, Zaghouani studied newborn mice and how their immune systems reacted when they were repeatedly exposed to an antigen that simulates a virus. Zaghouani found that while the antigen would prompt a response of the immune system, it was ...
BACKGROUND: In recent trends, there is increasing number of babies born with very low birth weight. These VLBW babies are at risk of developing Hypoglycemia, Sepsis, Hyperbilirubinemia, Respiratory distress when compared to term babies. By studying the risk factors leading to very low birth weight and their morbidities, health professionals will be able to anticipate and manage them accordingly. Identification of morbidity and mortality in VLBW neonates will help us in formulating and implementing interventions to reduce neonatal mortality rate. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study the morbidity and mortality profile in very low birth weight neonates in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Coimbatore Medical College Hospital. OBJECTIVES: 1. To study the morbidity and mortality pattern in very low birth weight neonates. 2. To study the maternal risk factors leading to very low birth weight neonates. 3. To establish targeted preventive and advanced treatment strategies in specific areas. 4. To plan for future ...
Infants exposed to the components of cigarette smoke in utero are at an increased risk for perinatal death, low birth weight, sudden infant death syndrome, and premature delivery. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare blood pressure values in term low-birth weight infants (≤2500 grams) born to smoking mothers to the blood pressure values of term, low-birth weight infants born to nonsmoking mothers. Data were collected through a retrospective chart review of 30 low-birth weight, term infants at a hospital in the Rocky Mountain region of the United States. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure values were obtained from each chart. Fifteen of the infants were born to women who smoked cigarettes during pregnancy, while another 15 infants were born to mothers who did not smoke during pregnancy. While hospitalized at birth, the infants of smoking mothers shared a trend toward higher blood pressure readings for all measures, with the t-test differences reaching statistical ...
Introduction: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) originated in Bogota, Columbia in the 1970s as a method of caring for premature newborns in the absence of conventional therapy and other technical equipment. In 1978, kangaroo mother care was proposed and practiced as a caring alternative for low birth weight newborns. The method of skin to skin contact has shown physiological, cognitive and emotional gain and benefits for the preterm newborns. However KMC has not been studied adequately in term newborns. So this study was conducted to assess and compare physiological variables of body temperature, respiration, pulse and oxygen saturation and the neurobehavioral responses (sleep pattern) for the healthy, full-term neonates placed on KMC and the traditional labour room care (TLRC) shortly after birth. Methods: A comparative hospital based study was carried out in the two hours observation room in Saad Abu Alela Maternity Hospital during the period (2015/2016). The target population was neonates ...
Aim: To study the effect of very low birthweight on hospital care and morbidity, and their relationship to gender, birthweight and neonatal complications. Methods: Eighty-five very low birthweight (VLBW; ,= 1500 g) children and term controls born in 1987-1988 in south-east region of Sweden were checked in registers regarding readmissions and diagnoses, need for habilitation and child psychiatric care up to 15 years of age. Ophthalmological examinations were made at age 4 in 64 of VLBW and 61 of control children, and at age 15 in 59 of VLBW and 55 of control children. Results: VLBW boys had three times more readmissions compared with normal weight control boys (p = 0.003). Neonatal risk factors for readmissions were gestational age under 30 weeks (OR 3.1), birthweight less than 1000 g (OR 4.6), mechanical ventilation (OR 9.5) and more than 60 days stay in neonatal ward (OR 5.0). A minority of VLBW children had an impairment/handicap such as cerebral palsy (CP) in five (5.9%) children, attention ...
Young chronological age and some environmental risk factors are important clinical indicators of an increased risk of RSV hospitalization in healthy preterm infants 32 to 35 weeks of gestational age. SOE was low for estimates of incidence of RSV hospitalizations, in-hospital resource use and recurrent wheezing in this population. Studies were inconsistent in study characteristics, including weeks of gestational age, age during RSV season and control for confounding factors.
The purpose of this study was to identify disparities in neonatal, post-neonatal, and overall infant mortality rates among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks gestation) and early term (37-38 weeks gestation) by race/ethnicity, maternal age, and plurality. In analyses of 2003-2005 data from US period linked birth/infant death datasets, we compared infant mortality rates by race/ethnicity, maternal age, and plurality among infants born late preterm or early term and also determined the leading causes of death among these infants. Among infants born late preterm, infants born to American Indian/Alaskan Native, non-Hispanic black, or teenage mothers had the highest infant mortality rates per 1,000 live births (14.85, 9.90, and 11.88 respectively). Among infants born early term, corresponding mortality rates were 5.69, 4.49, and 4.82, respectively. Among infants born late preterm, singletons had a higher infant mortality rate than twins (8.59 vs. 5.62), whereas among infants born early term, the ...
US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health, researchers filed the result that Nine trials met the inclusion criteria, eight compared vitamin A supplementation with a control (1291 infants), and one compared different regimens (120 infants). Compared to the control group, vitamin A appears to be beneficial in reducing death or oxygen requirement at one month of age (RR 0.93, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.99; RD -0.05, 95% CI -0.10 to -0.01; NNTB 20, 95% CI 10 to 100; 1165 infants) and oxygen requirement at 36 weeks postmenstrual age (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.77 to 0.98; RD -0.08, 95% CI -0.14 to -0.01; NNTB 13, 95% CI 7 to 100; 824 infants). A trend towards a reduction in death or oxygen requirement at 36 weeks postmenstrual age was also noted (RR 0.91, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.00; 1001 infants). Neurodevelopmental assessment of 88% of surviving infants in the largest trial showed no differences between the groups at 18 to 22 months of age, corrected for prematurity. The different dosage vitamin A ...
Editor-In 1994 Sheffield had the highest infant mortality rate in England and Wales.1 The impact of neonatal care in Sheffield immediately came under the spotlight. An investigation led by the Public Health Department of Sheffield Health took place to establish the reasons for the high infant mortality rate.2 It is well known that factors affecting infant mortality and morbidity may operate in the antenatal, as well as the postnatal period.3 The Sheffield Health led investigation consequently included the antenatal period. Similar to Spenceret al, the investigation found that increased social deprivation as indicated by the Townsend Deprivation Index was related to a higher proportion of very low birth weight (less than 1500 g) infants.4 Furthermore, a higher proportion of very low birth weight (less than 1500 g) infants was related to a higher infant mortality rate. The investigation found that the infant mortality rate in Sheffield was not significantly different to other areas of England and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The influence of gestational age, size for dates, and prenatal steroids on cord transferrin levels in newborn infants. AU - Chockalingam, Uma. AU - Murphy, Edrie. AU - Ophoven, Janice C.. AU - Georgieff, Michael K.. PY - 1987/3. Y1 - 1987/3. N2 - Serum transferrin levels assess protein status in older children and adults. To generate standards for its use in newborn infants, we measured umbilical cord serum transferrin levels in 161 appropriate (AGA), 25 large (LGA) and 16 small (SGA) for gestational age infants between 25 and 43 weeks gestation. We also assessed the effects of intrauterine growth, exposure to prenatal steroids, and presence of pulmonary maturity on neonatal transferrin levels. Cord transferrin levels in AGA infants were significantly correlated with increasing gestational age (r = 0.60; p , 0.001). Infants born before 37 weeks gestation had significantly lower transferrin levels, when compared with those born at term (p , 0.001). LGA infants had significantly ...
BACKGROUND Infants less than 1500 grams at birth have been demonstrated to be particularly prone to development of low levels of serum sodium often leading to increased early neonatal morbidity and mortality. No local study has been done to quantify this problem among sick newborns. Studies elsewhere demonstrate a high incidence of hyponatraemia among such preterms. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of infant early neonatal morbidity on serum sodium levels and justify regular monitoring and supplementation. DESIGN Comparative cohort study. SETTING Newborn Unit, Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. SUBJECTS Fifty six very low birth weight (1000-1500 grams at birth) infants during their first week of life. Half of them were designated as cases in view of having various early neonatal illnesses. The remaining 28 being clinically stable were taken as controls. These two groups had comparable birthweights, sex distribution and gestational ages. Their sodium intakes were also similar during the
Cerebral hemorrhages are fairly common in full-term neonates with no history of traumatic birth, mostly limited, and with benign evolution. We report a case of a full-term neonate from vaginal birth with caput succedaneum in the right parietal area. The neonate underwent cranial ultrasonography and color Doppler which showed extra-axial blood effusion. Color Doppler showed vessels crossing the collection area, which allowed the diagnosis of subarachnoid hematoma.
Abstract:. Introduction: The newborn brain is vulnerable to injury from many causes, like preterm delivery, hypoxia, trauma etc. Cranial ultrasonography are widely used to identify preterm neonates at risk for brain injury and subsequent neurodevelopmental defects. Aims and Objectives: Role of cranial ultrasonography to evaluate intracranial abnormalities in preterm and term neonates. Materials and methods: This is a prospective hospital based study conducted in Sagar Hospitals, Jayanagar, Bangalore. This study included a cohort of total 52 numbers of cases in preterm and term neonates, who were admitted in NICU. Results: This study included a cohort of total 52 numbers of cases in preterm and term neonates. In our study, total 12 neonates 23.1% were having flaring, total 11 neonates 21.2% were having ICH, total 6 neonates 11.5% were having PVL, total 4 neonates 7.7% were having cysts, total 4 neonates 7.7% were having cerebral oedema and normal 15 neonates 28.8%. Conclusion: Cranial ...
Aims: To determine in a case-control study possible associations between the development of acute renal failure in preterm newborns and therapeutic interventions, particularly drug treatments.. Methods: The study population was 172 preterm infants of ,38 weeks gestation; 71 had acute renal failure and 101 were controls closely matched for gestational age and birth weight. Maternal and neonatal information was collected for both groups through questionnaires and interviews. Routine data on renal variables were also collected. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed.. Results: Very low birthweight infants were at high risk of acute renal failure (79% of cases were ,1500 g). However, the acute renal failure was transient. Mothers of infants with acute renal failure received more drugs during pregnancy and delivery (mainly antibiotics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Of the possible therapeutic interventions, intubation, catheterisation, and phototherapy ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Head growth in preterm infants. T2 - Correlation with magnetic resonance imaging and neurodevelopmental outcome. AU - Cheong, Jeanie L.Y.. AU - Hunt, Rod W.. AU - Anderson, Peter J.. AU - Howard, Kelly. AU - Thompson, Deanne K.. AU - Wang, Hong X.. AU - Bear, Merilyn J.. AU - Nursing, B. A.. AU - Inder, Terrie E.. AU - Doyle, Lex W.. PY - 2008/6. Y1 - 2008/6. N2 - Objective. Extremely preterm birth is associated with adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae. Head circumference has been used as a measure of brain growth. There are limited data relating head circumference to MRI. The purpose of this work was to establish the relationship between head circumference with brain MRI at term- equivalent age and to relate head circumference with neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years. Patients and Methods. Two hundred and twenty-seven preterm infants (birth weight of ,1250g or ,30 weeks gestation) were recruited. Head circumference was measured at birth, term, and 2 years corrected age, and ...
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between breastfeeding support and breastfeeding among late preterm (gestation 34-36 weeks) and term (gestation ≥37 weeks) infants. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the UK 2010 Infant Feeding Survey. Logistic regression was used to determine the association of breastfeeding support with breastfeeding at 10 days and 6 weeks in late preterm and term infants. RESULTS: The study included 14,525 term and 579 late preterm infants. A total of 11,729 infants initiated breastfeeding (11,292 (81.1%) term, 437 (79.4%) late preterm infants, p=0.425). Of these, 9230 (84.3%) term and 365 (85.6%) late preterm infants were breastfeeding at 10 days (p=0.586); of these 7547 (82.0%) term and 281 (75.4%) late preterm infants were still breastfeeding at 6 weeks (p=0.012). Mothers who reported receiving contact details for breastfeeding support groups had a higher likelihood of breastfeeding late preterm (adjusted ORs, aOR 3.14, 95% CI 1.40 to 7.04) and term infants (aOR 2.24, 95% CI 1.86
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Very preterm infants (birth weight, ,1500 g) are at increased risk of cognitive and motor impairment, including cerebral palsy. These adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes are associated with white matter abnormalities on MR imaging at term-equivalent age. Cerebral palsy has been predicted by analysis of spontaneous movements in the infant termed General Movement Assessment. The goal of this study was to determine the utility of General Movement Assessment in predicting adverse cognitive, language, and motor outcomes in very preterm infants and to identify brain imaging markers associated with both adverse outcomes and aberrant general movements. ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Other terms often used for prematurity are preterm and preemie. Many premature babies also weigh less than 2,500 grams (5.5 pounds) and may be referred to as low birthweight (LBW).. Premature infants born between 34 and 37 weeks of pregnancy are often called late preterm or near-term infants. Late preterm infants are often much larger than very premature infants but may only be slightly smaller than full-term infants.. Late preterm babies usually appear healthy at birth but may have more difficulties adapting than full-term babies. Because of their smaller size, they may have trouble maintaining their body temperature. They often have difficulty with breastfeeding and bottle feeding, and may need to eat more frequently. They usually require more sleep and may even sleep through a feeding, which means they miss much-needed calories.. Late preterm infants may also have breathing difficulties, although these are often identified before the infants go home from the hospital. These infants are also ...
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is associated with variable degrees of brain injury, adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes and continuing special health care needs. STUDY AND AIMS: This observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study aims to describe the functional features of VLBW infants using the ICF-CY classification and to identify the association between gender, twinship, birth weight, gestational age, adjusted age and functioning as defined by the ICF biopsychosocial model. SAMPLE: 56 VLBW infants (corrected age of 12-24 months) were consecutively enrolled. INSTRUMENTS: Three assessment tools were used: a neuro-functional assessment (NFA); the Griffiths Mental Development Scales-Revised: Birth to 2 years (Griffiths 0-2) to evaluate psychomotor development and the ICF-CY questionnaire for ages 0-3. RESULTS: A two-step cluster component analysis with the Bayesian information criterion was conducted based on NFA and Griffiths 0-2 scores and four groups of infants functioning (very low, low, ...
Infants who survive advanced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) at the time of birth are at increased risk of having poor long term physiological and neurodevelopmental growth. The economic implications of the long term morbidity in these children have not been studied to date. This paper compares the long term healthcare costs beyond the initial hospitalization period incurred by medical and surgical NEC survivors with that of matched controls without a diagnosis of NEC during birth hospitalization. The longitudinal healthcare utilization claim files of infants born between January 2002 and December 2003 and enrolled in the Texas Medicaid fee-for-service program were used for this research. Propensity scoring was used to match infants diagnosed with NEC during birth hospitalization to infants without a diagnosis of NEC on the basis of gender, race, prematurity, extremely low birth weight status and presence of any major birth defects. The Medicaid paid all-inclusive healthcare costs for the period from 6
The incidence of preterm birth (at less than 32 weeks of gestation) is estimated at 1-2% of all live births. In Switzerland, over the last ten years, approximately 782 preterm infants per year have been born between 23 and 32 weeks of gestation. Owing to improved neonatal intensive care, the number of very preterm infants surviving into childhood is rising. Indeed, the survival of those extremely low birth weight infants has been increasing over the last decade, especially for the preterm infants born below 26 weeks of gestation. Premature infants are, however, extremely vulnerable to brain injury. Five to 10% of the survivors develop cerebral palsy, and 40-50% develop cognitive and behavioural deficits. Hence, brain injury and its consequences in preterm infants is a serious issue that needs to be addressed. Another population at risk for neurodevelopmental impairment are the infants with congenital heart disease. These infants are known to have a wide range of developmental and neurological ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Preface This report presents data from the National Infant Mortality Surveillance (NIMS) project. The NIMS project was a collaborative effort between the Public Health Service and states to address the issue of infant mortality. Factors that affected the risk of infant mortality for single-born infants included birthweight, race, sex, gestation, birth order, maternal age and education, and prenatal care. The most important predictor for infant survival was birthweight, with improved survival for both blacks and whites associated with increased birthweights. Overall, black infants had twice the mortality risk of white infants. The higher risk for blacks was related to higher prevalence of low birthweight and to higher mortality risks in both the neonatal and postneonatal periods. In general, the black-white differential exists regardless of other infant and maternal characteristics. Findings from NIMS have been published in a special section of Public Health Reports (March-April 1987) and ...
The NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scales (NNNS) is a tool for the comprehensive examination of normal full-term infants, preterm infants, and infants at risk because of prenatal substance exposure. NICU stands for neonatal intensive care unit. The NNNS can be used with infants through 6 weeks of age - and as early as 32 weeks gestational age for preterm infants - to guide assessment, evaluation, and early intervention. It is designed to evaluate neurobehavioral and neurological profiles, adaptations to stress, and the withdrawal status of neonates exposed to drugs in utero. The NNNS is useful for assessment of all at-risk infants and can serve as a basis for consultation with families and a guide for intervention. The test takes about 20 minutes (plus 10-15 minutes for scoring) and can be administered by experiences clinicians after certification training, available internationally through video conferences.
Downloadable! This paper examines the relationship between health aid and infant mortality, using data from in total 135 countries (for the purposes of this study, developing countries), between 1975 and 2010. Utilizing both conventional Instrumental Variable and System GMM approaches, a tentative conclusion can be drawn that aid comes to have a statistically significant and positive effect on infant mortality rate, as doubling of aid leads to an approximately 1.3% reduction in infant mortality rates. Thus for an average aid recipient country, doubling per capita aid leads to a reduction of about 790 deaths per million live births in a particular year. This effect, in comparison to the set goals of the Millennium Development Goals, is small and may not be enough to ensure that the MDG targets are met by 2015.
Preterm delivery (birth before 37 completed weeks of gestation) is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. In recent years the birth weight of premature babies has been found to be an important determinant of outcome, such that preterm birth is no longer defined solely by gestational age but also in terms of a birth weight below 2500 g. The main focus has been on preterm infants with a birth weight below 2000 g, who bear the greatest burden of morbidity and mortality. The costs of neonatal care for infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestation (birth weight below 2000 g) rise exponentially as gestational age decreases and rise further with birth weights below 1000 g.1. Advances in neonatal practice have improved the chances of survival for preterm infants with a very low birth weight.2 However, low birthweight infants are still at a higher risk of neurodevelopmental morbidity than preterm infants with a higher birth weight and, as a group, incur notable social and healthcare ...
Is skin-to-skin contact only for premature babies or for every full term baby? This is a very important question! Previously it was thought that skin-to-skin contact was only for premature babies and was vital for their survival, as they had been born too early. What studies from psychology, zoology and psychiatry now show is that skin-to-skin contact at birth is vital to start all of the babys physical and emotional regulation, and should be the right of every baby at birth. For the last millions of years mothers have had their babies continually with them. It is only when birth started happening in hospitals in the last 100 years that mothers and babies have been separated. This has led to making babies more sick at birth. We have created unnecessary problems…….. SKIN-TO-SKIN CONTACT IS ALSO FOR FULL TERM BABIES. Many people think that Kangaroo Mother Care is only for premature or preterm babies. . All of the benefits that a premature needs apply to full term babies as well. Being with ...
Womans Birth Injury Claim Rejected After Judge Finds Alternate Causes for Injuries to Newborn Child - Maryland Birth Injury Lawyer
By: Sarah Hodin, MPH, CD(DONA), LCCE, National Senior Manager of Maternal Newborn Health Programs, Steward Health Care. The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health (PMNCH) recently released its 35th knowledge summary titled Act Now for Adolescents focusing on adolescents between the ages of 10 and 19 years old. While newborns and children have benefited greatly from scientific research and interventions over the last decade, adolescents have received less attention. For example, while the under-five mortality rate decreased by 52% between 2000 and 2012, the adolescent mortality rate decreased by just twelve percent. As a result, the Sustainable Development Goals call for a greater focus on adolescent health.. Though adolescent populations have historically been considered relatively healthy compared to other age groups, adolescents face unique challenges that can have serious implications for their physical and mental health. The most common causes of preventable deaths among ...
Introduction: In Minia University Hospital for Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics (Minia, Egypt), all neonates born to mothers with suspected or confirmed intrauterine inflammation or infection (triple I) or with group B Streptococcus (GBS) bacteriuria, were directly admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for clinical assessment and treatment of suspected sepsis for at least 48 hours, regardless of their clinical condition. Establishment of a risk-identification system for those high-risk neonates based on the EOS detection standard checklist may decrease NICU admissions and antibiotics exposure in asymptomatic neonates.. Methods: We marginally altered a standard checklist outlined by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for the early discovery of neonates at risk for EOS. Participants of the study were inborn neonates ≥ 34 weeks born to mothers with suspected or confirmed triple I or with GBS bacteriuria, who received intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis ...
This article examines whether preterm newborns behavior and their mothers adjustment to the premature birth and infant hospitalization have an influence on subsequent infant development and behavior, maternal adjustment, and mother-infant relationship. The behavioral competencies of 42 well, singleton preterm infants (mean gestational age=31 weeks) were assessed, as were their mothers adjustment (depression and coping) and competencies (knowledge of child development). At 12 months of postnatal age, child competencies (development and behavior) were assessed, together with maternal adjustment (parenting stress and depression). Mother-infant interaction also was observed. Regression analyses indicated that in the newborn period, maternal positive reappraisal and a planful coping style, more knowledge of child development, and previous experience with baby-sitting were associated with better infant development (p=.002), maternal adjustment (p=.012), and mother-child relationship (p=.002) at 12 ...
Result: 300 late preterm babies were studied. 84.33% of the total late preterm newborns were low birth weight babies. 28% were associated with maternal complications. Incidence of pregnancy induced hypertension was 14% in this study. 11.33% of the late preterm newborns needed resuscitation. Out of all the morbidities associated with late preterms, incidence of respiratory distress was highest with 31 %. According to this study, incidence of hyperbilirubinemia, hypothermia and respiratory distress syndrome was more towards the 34 weeks of gestation. This study shows that as the gestational age decreases, the late preterms are more prone for RDS, hypothermia and hyperbilirubinemia ...
Curr Eye Res. 2004 Feb;28(2):145-51. Akar Y, Cira A, Apaydin C, Erman MA, Yilmaz A. Source Department of Ophthalmology, Akdeniz University School of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey. [email protected] Abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the birth weight and the postconceptional age on the tear production of preterm and term newborn infants and to evaluate the changes in tear production during the first two months of life. SUBJECTS--METHODS: Both eyes of medically stable term and preterm infants were included in the study. Based on postconceptional age and birth weight, we divided preterm infants into three groups. Then, we measured the basal and reflex tear secretions of both eyes by Schirmer tests before and after instillation of topical anesthetic agent. We performed initial tear measurements on the second day of life (between first 24 hours to first 48 hours after birth): and at 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 8 weeks after birth. RESULTS: We tested a total of 138 infants (63 preterm and 75 term), 72 ...
Many premature infants are resilient and surprise everyone by overcoming great odds. Expect that your infant can progress for several days but may then have a medical setback.. Premature infants are more likely than others to get an infection. And organs that have not had time to mature can cause a number of problems.. The more premature a newborn is, the greater is the babys risk of having medical problems.. Infants born at 23 to 26 weeks gestation are extremely underdeveloped and have a much higher risk of death or disability. Parents of these infants are likely to be faced with difficult medical decisions. Infants who have reached their 32nd week of development before birth are less at risk than those who are born earlier.. Babies born at 34 to almost 37 weeks gestation are called late preterm infants. Although they are not as likely to have as many problems as infants who are born earlier, they are at risk for breathing problems, high blood pressure in the lungs, and other short-term and ...
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Study IV aimed at investigating levels of and associations between perceived stress and an inflammatory marker, comparing parents of preterm and full term infants at two timepoints. Mothers of infants born preterm showed higher stress levels early post partum, compared to the term group. The stress declined over time and was comparable to levels in the term group at infant age four months. Subgroup analyses showed greater stress in mothers of infants born early preterm at both time-points compared to the term group. In fathers, no differences in stress levels were found between the preterm and term groups but fathers of infants born early preterm reported higher stress levels early post partum than fathers of infants born late preterm. No associations were found between stress levels and the inflammatory marker. In parents of preterm infants, high levels of stress at infant age four months were predicted by stress levels early post partum ...
Neonatal infections are infections of the neonate (newborn) during the neonatal period or first four weeks after birth. Neonatal infections may be contracted by transplacental transfer in utero, in the birth canal during delivery (perinatal), or by other means after birth. Some neonatal infections are apparent soon after delivery, while others may develop postpartum within the first week or month. Some infections acquired in the neonatal period do not become apparent until much later such as HIV, hepatitis B and malaria. There is a higher risk of infection for preterm or low birth weight neonates. Respiratory tract infections contracted by preterm neonates may continue into childhood or possibly adulthood with long-term effects that limit ones ability to engage in normal physical activities, decreasing ones quality of life and increasing health care costs. In some instances, neonatal respiratory tract infections may increase ones susceptibility to future respiratory infections and ...
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia and Perinatal Characteristics Predict 1-Year Respiratory Outcomes in Newborns Born at Extremely Low Gestational Age: A Prospective Cohort Study.
The oxidative stress injury that has been linked to poor perinatal outcome and birth asphyxia may be found even with normal pregnancy, and it is severity in a newborn may be related to modes of delivery for which our study aimed to identify. Furthermore, this study was aimed to study the effect of both related- maternal, and related neonatal characteristics on babys oxidative stress marker level (Malondialdehyde). Fifty newborn children were selected in both labor ward and operating theatre of Al-Sadder Teaching Hospital, Misan, Iraq. They were divided into two groups. The first group comprised 28 newborns, who were born by a vaginal delivery; the second group consisted of 22 newborns who delivered by elective cesarean section. The laboratory measurement of levels of an important antioxidant factor [malondialdehyde (MDA)] in babys cord blood has been extracted and used as an indicator of stress. We compared the two samples of different malondialdehyde levels in relation to variables as the delivery
In newborn infants with short bowel syndrome with less than 10% of expected intestinal length, thereby being dependent upon ... Newborn & Infant Nursing Reviews. 3 (2): 47-54. doi:10.1016/S1527-3369(03)00005-9. Retrieved 4 January 2016. Guimbretiere J, ... Wilmore DW, Groff DB, Bishop HC, Dudrick SJ (April 1969). "Total parenteral nutrition in infants with catastrophic ... Jonathan Rhoads, was the first to successfully nourish initially Beagle puppies and subsequently newborn babies with ...
Forms of infant mortality: Perinatal mortality is late fetal death (22 weeks gestation to birth) or death of a newborn up to ... a primary determinant of infant mortality risk is infant birth weight with lower birth weights increasing the risk of infant ... "Infant Mortality & Newborn Health". Women and Children First. Retrieved 2017-04-25. Hall ES, Venkatesh M, Greenberg JM ( ... Infant mortality is the death of young children under the age of 1. This death toll is measured by the infant mortality rate ( ...
Wilson J (December 2005). "Milk Intolerance: Lactose Intolerance and Cow's Milk Protein Allergy". Newborn and Infant Nursing ... The infant is given lactose to drink. If the individual is tolerant, the lactose is digested and absorbed in the small ... If the stools are acidic, the infant is intolerant to lactose. Stool pH in lactose intolerance is less than 5.5. An intestinal ... This test can be used to diagnose lactose intolerance in infants, for whom other forms of testing are risky or impractical. ...
Miller, Kimberley A. (2008). "FISH Diagnosis of 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome". Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. 8 (1): e11-e19 ... DiGeorge syndrome may be first spotted when an affected newborn has heart defects or convulsions from hypocalcemia due to ...
"INFANT MORTALITY RATE - TOTAL".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) Bamford, L. (2013). "Maternal, Newborn and Child ... Although Finland once had high infant mortality rates 50+ years ago, Finland now has one of the lowest infant mortality rates ... The box further doubles up as a cot the newborn baby can sleep in. It is aimed at providing a safe sleeping environment for the ... It has been shown that providing the infant with his/her own bed, instead of sleeping with the parent, helps reduce the risk of ...
IRDS affects about 1% of newborns and is the leading cause of death in preterm infants. Data has shown the choice of elective ... The routine use of sedatives and opioid pain killers is not recommended for newborn infants who require mechanical ventilation ... "Opioids for newborn infants receiving mechanical ventilation". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2021 (3): CD013732 ... and resource use in newborn infants weighing 500 to 1500 g". The New England Journal of Medicine. 330 (21): 1476-80. doi: ...
Powell T (2012). "Decisions and Dilemmas Related to Resuscitation of Infants Born on the Verge of Viability". Newborn and ... Another major factor is gender: male infants have a slightly higher risk of dying than female infants, for which various ... of infants survive a preterm birth long enough to be discharged from the hospital, usually months later. Most of these infants ... This group of infants constitute 2 per 1000 births. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973) ("viability is usually placed at about ...
Newborn and Infant Nursing Reviews. Neuroprotective Strategies. 11 (3): 125-133. doi:10.1053/j.nainr.2011.07.004. PMC 3171747. ... which are thought to have the potential to reduce mortality and improve the long-term development of newborn infants with ... based interventions for the prevention of morbidity and mortality following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy in newborn infants ... Agut T, León M, Rebollo M, Muchart J, Arca G, Garcia-Alix A (July 2014). "Early identification of brain injury in infants with ...
Graven, Stanley N.; Browne, Joy V. (December 2008). "Auditory Development in the Fetus and Infant". Newborn and Infant Nursing ... These chemicals are oxidized with the newborn's first few breaths and washed out of the tissues, increasing consciousness. If ... Electroencephalography indicates that the capacity for functional pain perception in premature infants does not exist before 29 ... Infant Behavior and Development. 32 (1): 59-71. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2008.10.002. PMID 19058856. Smith, Laura S.; Dmochowski, ...
... evaluate and provide postnatal care to healthy newborn infants; stabilize and provide care for infants born at 35 to 37 weeks' ... Many parents with newborns in the NICU have expressed that they would like to learn more about what types of pain their infants ... It was not until 1922, however, that hospitals started grouping the newborn infants into one area, now called the neonatal ... Infant respiratory distress syndrome is the leading cause of death in preterm infants, and the main treatments are CPAP, in ...
Chaput de Saintonge DM, Cross KW, Shathorn MK, Lewis SR, Stothers JK (September 2, 1979). "Hats for the newborn infant". ... Infants with hypothermia may feel cold when touched, with bright red skin and an unusual lack of energy. Cold stress refers to ... However, heat loss from the head is significant in infants, whose head is larger relative to the rest of the body than in ... Stothers JK (1981). "Head insulation and heat loss in the newborn". Archives of Disease in Childhood. Royal Coll Paediatrics. ...
"Cyanosis of the newborn infant". The Journal of Pediatrics. 77 (3): 484-498. doi:10.1016/S0022-3476(70)80024-5. PMID 5502102. ... In newborns, peripheral cyanosis typically presents in the distal extremities, circumoral, and periorbital areas. Of note, ... "An approach to diagnosis and management of cyanosis and tachypnea in term infants". Pediatric Clinics of North America. 51 (4 ...
This study also admitted that at first they did not consider the possibility that the infant did not have a urea cycle ... Transient hyperammonemia of the newborn (THAN) is an idiopathic disorder occasionally present in preterm newborns but not ... In newborns with THAN, the primary cause is thought to be genetic, but it has not been narrowed down to one gene or locus so ... A study was done by Hudak to find the differences between transient hyperammonemia of the newborn (THAN) and urea cycle enzyme ...
Bracken co-edited his second book titled Effective Care of the Newborn Infant with John C. Sinclair published in 1992 by Oxford ... Effective care of the newborn infant. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press; 1992. ISBN 978-0192617378. Bracken MB. Risk, ... Effective care of the newborn infant. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press; 1992. ISBN 978-0192617378. Dickersin K, Straus ... newborns and infants. His more recent projects have involved air quality and children with asthma and susceptibility genes for ...
"Protecting Vulnerable Newborn and Infant Children". Federal Register. October 2, 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2020. "Executive ... "Executive Order on Protecting Vulnerable Newborn and Infant Children". Retrieved December 13, 2020 - via ...
Newborns typically consume half an ounce for the first 2 days after birth but will gradually increase to 1 or 3 ounces until 2 ... This immunoglobulin is much higher in infants that are breastfed than in infants that were infant formula-fed. Colostrum is a ... Early on, infants may not signal when they are hungry, so parents are taught to feed the infant every three hours during the ... Infants store iron from the womb and by 6 months of age it has depleted from their body. Iron-fortified infant cereal has ...
... and newborn infants. A complementary line of work has shown that speakers-adults and newborn infants-converge on the same ... Gervain, J., I. Berent, and J. Werker, Binding at birth: Newborns detect identity relations and sequential position in speech. ... Sonority hierarchy in one-month-old infants' brains. in Boston University Conference on Language Development. 2011. Boston, MA ... Brain responses to changes in speech sound durations differ between infants with and without familial risk for dyslexia. ...
Apgar V (1953). "A proposal for a new method of evaluation of the newborn infant" (PDF). Current Researches in Anesthesia & ... Feldman-Winter, Lori; Goldsmith, Jay P.; Newborn, Committee on Fetus And; Syndrome, Task Force on Sudden Infant Death (2016-09- ... Apgar, Virginia (1958-12-13). "Evaluation of the Newborn Infant-Second Report". Journal of the American Medical Association. ... "The continuing value of the Apgar score for the assessment of newborn infants". The New England Journal of Medicine. 344 (7): ...
Food portal "Infant and Newborn Nutrition: MedlinePlus". This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the ... Toddlers typically have been weaned from breast milk and infant formula. Though infants usually start eating solid foods ... Toddlers often don't prefer cow's milk over breast milk or infant formula, so cow's milk can be introduced to the toddler ... "Fruit Juice in Infants, Children, and Adolescents: Current Recommendations". Pediatrics. 139 (6): e20170967. doi:10.1542/peds. ...
The newborn infant was named Sawai Madhavrao. Twelve Maratha chiefs, led by Nana Fadnavis, directed an effort to name the ... infant as the new Peshwa and rule under him as regents. Raghunathrao, unwilling to give up his position of power, sought help ...
It may appear in the first few weeks of newborn infants during the healing process of the umbilical cord due to an umbilical ... In a systematic review, following infants through weeks 1, 3 and 6 post-treatment for umbilical granuloma, newborns treated ... Stewart D, Benitz W (September 2016). "Umbilical Cord Care in the Newborn Infant". Pediatrics. 138 (3): e20162149. doi:10.1542/ ... Dry cord care includes keeping the newborn's umbilical area clean and exposed to air or loosely covered by a clean cloth. The ...
Swain, I. U., Zelazo, P. R., & Clifton, R. K. (1993). Newborn infants' memory for speech sounds retained over 24 hours. ... Her dissertation used a non-nutritive sucking paradigm to study discrimination and habituation to tones in newborn infants. ... Their collaborative work explored attention in newborn infants, using heart rate activity as an indicator of habituation. Keen ... Swain, Irina U.; Zelazo, Philip R.; Clifton, Rachel K. (1993). "Newborn infants' memory for speech sounds retained over 24 ...
Bushnell, I. W. R. (2001). "Mother's face recognition in newborn infants: Learning and memory". Infant and Child Development. ... Newborns and one month did not show any preference among the colored stimuli. It was found that three-month-old infants ... From the first moment of life, there are a few innate components of an infant's visual system. Newborns can detect changes in ... Studies have shown that newborns have a preference for their mothers' faces two weeks after birth. At this stage, infants would ...
... often seen in the median palatal raphe of the mouth of newborn infants (occur in 60-85% of newborns). They are typically seen ... Depending on the ages in which they develop, the cysts are classified into gingival cyst of newborn (or infant) and gingival ... Singh, RK; Kumar, R; Pandey, RK; Singh, K (2012). "Dental lamina cysts in a newborn infant". BMJ Case Reports. 2012 ( ... According to him, gingival cysts of newborns can be further classified based on their specific origin of the tissues as ...
Krajevitch, A.; Blot, P.; Cara, M. (1975). "[Transport of newborn infants. Apropos of 114 cases]". Annales de l'Anesthésiologie ...
Circumcision of Male Infants. Archived 2020-02-08 at the Wayback Machine Royal Australasian College of Physicians. September ... Yet the CPS also states that parents of male newborns must receive unbiased information about neonatal circumcision, so that ... Somerville (2000) argues that the nature of the medical benefits cited as a justification for infant circumcision are such that ... Parents who are responsible for providing consent, including for the circumcision of male infants, should be given sufficient ...
Nelson, KB; Lynch, JK (March 2004). "Stroke in newborn infants". Lancet Neurology. 3 (3): 150-8. doi:10.1016/s1474-4422(04) ... Of the infants that survive, there may be as many as 1 million a year that develop cerebral palsy, learning difficulties or ... Many infants who have a neonatal stroke also follow an uncomplicated pregnancy and delivery without identifiable risk factors, ... They found a lack of detectable side effects in newborn rodents and dogs. This may be a useful treatment in combination with ...
Transport of newborn infants. Apropos of 114 cases]". Annales de l'Anesthésiologie Française. 16 Spec No 1: 135-142. ISSN 0003- ...
... is a sub-specialty of nursing care for newborn infants up to 28 days after birth. The term neonatal comes from ... Level II provides intermediate or special care for premature or ill newborns. At this level, infants may need special therapy ... An incubator is a plastic dome-shaped machine designed as a crib that regulates a newborn infant's body temperature. The ... dedication and emotional strength as they care for newborn infants with a range of problems. These problems vary between ...
"Newborn Infant Suffered Brain Damage in Birth Injury , Case Results". The Perecman Firm, P.L.L.C. Retrieved 2018-03-09. "Union ... Doctors and medical staff took too long to perform a Caesarean delivery after it was discovered that the infant was suffering ... The Perecman Firm represented the family of an infant who suffered serious brain damage in 1993. ...
The common cause is congenital, but it can also be caused by maternal steroids passed on through breast milk to the newborn. It ... is different from breast feeding-associated jaundice (breast-fed infants have higher bilirubin levels than formula-fed ones). A ...
The infant population and health of the Southern Residents community had declined in the early 21st century, due in part to a ... Mapes, Lynda V. (July 24, 2018). "Southern-resident killer whales lose newborn calf, and another youngster is ailing". The ...
September 2022). "Clinical Practice Guideline Revision: Management of Hyperbilirubinemia in the Newborn Infant 35 or More Weeks ... In 1956, Sister Ward, a nurse at Rochford General Hospital in Essex, England, discovered that a jaundiced infant's body had ... Jaundice (Hyperbilirubinemia) is common in newborn babies and presents itself as yellow discoloration of the skin and whites of ... Moores D (2017-07-26). Gill K (ed.). "Newborn Jaundice: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention". Healthline. Retrieved ...
... (or Gillo) was also blamed for the condition of newborn infants who wasted away, and such infants were called Gillobrota ... She appears as a dog-headed woman with snakes for fingers who steals newborn babies, and her many names are a major plot point ... The old church regarded childbirth involving blood as unpure, and a newborn had to wait to be baptized for several days, and ... In the Byzantine period, mothers who had given birth customarily relied on amulets designed to protect her newborn from evil, ...
Infant mortality has fallen from 142 in 1985, to 60 in 2006. This was mainly due to the success of universal child immunisation ... of the Sikkimese government came soon after to offer felicitations to the royal parents and to pay their respect to the newborn ...
The state of his health, combined with the fact that he was recently married and had a newborn son, and was still a young man, ... The effort to imbue the son with patriotism began early: when the infant was forty days old, Vasile Albini symbolically ...
Perinatal asphyxia is the medical condition resulting from deprivation of oxygen to a newborn infant that lasts long enough ... Saloojee H (4 January 2008). "Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants". The WHO Reproductive ... The WHO suggests that any initial observations of the infant can be done while the infant remains close to the mother, saying ... Preterm birth is the birth of an infant at fewer than 37 weeks gestational age. Globally, about 15 million infants were born ...
... is a French woman who admitted killing 8 of her newborn infants. Cottrez committed the murders during an ... She also told police that six more infants' bodies were hidden in the garage. French prosecutors announced on July 29, 2010 ... Sparks, Ian (7 November 2014). "Mum who 'killed 8 of her newborn babies' to stand trial". The Daily Mirror. Retrieved 21 April ... Prosecutors believe he may have been unaware of the infants because Dominique's obesity concealed the pregnancies. In August ...
October 2009). "Withdrawn: Delayed acquisition of neonatal reflexes in newborn primates receiving a thimerosal-containing ... in some infants. According to Deer, a letter from Wakefield's lawyers to him dated 31 January 2005 said: "Dr Wakefield did not ... Delayed acquisition of neonatal reflexes in newborn primates receiving a thimerosal-containing Hepatitis B vaccine: Influence ...
He conducted research in children's sleep and discovered associations between infant colic and infant sleep and separately, ... How to Soothe Your Newborn Your Fussy Baby Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Twins "Chicago ... Marc Weissbluth is an American pediatrician who has written several books on infant sleep. He is a sleep disorders specialist ...
When they see the supplies that she had brought, they know she is aware there was a newborn at the prison, and both Rick and ... At the prison, Rick and Carl observe Michonne, who remains at the prison fence with infant formula and other supplies collected ... and agrees with Carl's name for the newborn, Judith, borrowed from one of his teachers. In Woodbury, Merle reminds Glenn how he ...
Common syncretization is as the Virgin and Infant of Prague, which wear matching red velvet robes and gold crowns. Erzulie Yeux ... Erzulie Mapiangue (Erzulie the Suckler) Deals with the pain of childbirth and the protection of unborn and newborn babies. Her ...
Players guide Ogami Itto through an army of assassins while carrying his infant son on his back. A baby cart powerup enables ... with only the newborn Daigorō surviving. The supposed culprits are three former retainers of an abolished clan, avenging the ...
It is also revealed that Emma tried to kill Ross when he was an infant, which James is shocked to learn that Pete knew about. ... Emma, who is on the run with Moira's newborn baby, hears of Finn's death on the radio, and after battling with her guilt, ... and steals Moira's newborn baby. After Emma commits suicide by jumping from a viaduct, the ghosts of both James and Finn appear ...
Two years later, on May 5, 1898, a body of a newborn with a shattered skull in advanced state of decomposition was found. On ... which revealed a tin containing the body of an infant wrapped in rags, thus confirming their suspicions. Grossi explained that ... Rosa, Clara and Catalina accepted the five crimes but blamed Grossi for the deaths of the newborns. The strange degree of ...
Newborns have black natal coats and bright pink skin. Females are the primary caregivers of infants, but males also play a role ... Adult males in the groups also care for the infants, as they are likely to be related to them. Males groom infants, reducing ... One theory for why immature females tend to seek out infants is that they can prepare for their future roles as mothers. Infant ... As females with living infants often have male allies protecting their infants, it makes more sense for a male to ignore ...
"Frightened Versus Not Frightened Disorganized Infant Attachment: Newborn Characteristics and Maternal Caregiving". The American ... Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology. 24 (3): 187-197. doi:10.1080/02646830600821231. S2CID 146750167. Retrieved 2017- ...
Newborn screening - Practice of testing infants for diseases Whole genome sequencing - Determining nearly the entirety of the ... Newborn screening: Newborn screening is conducted just after birth to identify genetic disorders that can be treated early in ... This testing of infants for certain disorders is one of the most widespread uses of genetic screening - all US states currently ... pricking the heel of a newborn baby to obtain enough blood to fill a few circles on filter paper labeled with names of infant, ...
There are exemptions for newborn children; in most cases, any child who is at least 9 months or 1 year old needs to be ... The 17D vaccine is contraindicated in (among others) infants between zero and six months or adults over 59 years of age, people ...
The newborn baby's closed lids should be thoroughly cleansed and dried. If the cause is determined to be due to a blocked tear ... Infants with chlamydia pneumonitis should be treated with oral erythromycin for 10-14 days. Diagnosis is performed after taking ... "Conjunctivitis , Pink Eye , Newborns". Retrieved 2016-11-11. Curry, Susan J.; Krist, Alex H.; Owens, Douglas K.; ... If the tear duct is not cleared by the time the newborn is 1 year old, surgery may be required. Postnatal measures include: Use ...
Similarly to infants, in chimpanzees the sense of touch is highly developed. As newborns they see and hear poorly but cling ... The development of an infant's haptic senses and how it relates to the development of the other senses such as vision has been ... Infants who can perceive through touch, even without sight and hearing, tend to fare much better. ... For his experiment, he presented the infants with a clothed surrogate mother and a wire surrogate mother which held a bottle ...
So-called "infant allowances" are available to subscribing[clarification needed] pregnant women and their newborn children. ...
Female health workers play a critical role in saving the lives of women, newborns, and young children. Small investments in ... due in part to a child mortality rate three times higher for aboriginal infants. It quoted Save The Children's Annie Pettitt: ... Most deaths have been due to preventable or treatable causes such as malaria, diarrhea, pneumonia, newborn causes and ... Countries with more front-line female health workers have seen considerable declines in maternal, newborn, and child mortality ...
On June 18, he goes to Dorian's mansion where he discovers that Starr has decided to raise their infant daughter. As Cole is ... Patrick and Marty lived in Ireland briefly with newborn Cole before relocating to San Diego. However, on Christmas 2005, ...
Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis occurs in about 5% of newborn infants. Candida species are acquired from the mother's ... with the lowest levels occurring in newborns, increasing dramatically in infants, and then decreasing again in adults. ... It is classically an acute condition, appearing in infants, people taking antibiotics or immunosuppressant medications, or ... an infants antibodies to the fungus are normally supplied by the mother's breast milk. Other forms of immunodeficiency which ...
In countries with expanded newborn screening, SPCD can be identified shortly after birth. Affected infants show low levels of ... "Diagnoses of newborns and mothers with carnitine uptake defects through newborn screening". Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. ... Not all infants with low free carnitine are affected with SPCD. Some may have carnitine deficiency secondary to another ... Proper follow-up of newborn screening results for low free carnitine includes studies of the mother to determine whether her ...
The optimum nutrition for newborn infants is breastfeeding, if possible, for the first year. Human milk banks offer a solution ... this service provides mothers with an alternative to infant formula and allows the mother to give their newborn the nutrition ... Infants with gastrointestinal disorders or metabolic disorders may also consume this form of milk as well. Human breast milk ... Since the inception of the first milk bank in 1985, the infant mortality rate in Brazil has dropped 73% due, in part, to the ...
No clear differences in incidence of cerebral palsy, infant mortality, other standard measures of neonatal wellbeing, or any ... "Prolonged saltatory fetal heart rate pattern leading to newborn metabolic acidosis". Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & ...
When Muster confronted Ngema at his lab, he was shocked to find a newborn cyborg girl, who was revealed to originate from a ... an infant cyborg girl coded HK-BR035, whom he claimed was the first case of a resected Maske Tumor developing a healthy brain ... one tumor taken from a tortured woman named Nollin Sonann miraculously succeeded in growing into a healthy cyborg female infant ...
Mana Genita, goddess of infant mortality Manes, the souls of the dead who came to be seen as household deities. Mania, the ... Vagitanus, or Vaticanus, opens the newborn's mouth for its first cry. Vediovus or Veiovis, obscure god, a sort of anti-Jupiter ... Pilumnus, minor guardian god, concerned with the protection of infants at birth. Pluto, Greek Plouton, a name for the ruler of ... Levana, goddess of the rite through which fathers accepted newborn babies as their own. Letum, personification of death.[ ...
... infant and newborn nutrition provides babies with nutrients needed to grow. Read about how to identify allergies. ... Infant Formula (American Academy of Family Physicians) Also in Spanish * Infant Formula and Community Water Fluoridation ( ... Cows milk - infants (Medical Encyclopedia) Also in Spanish * Feeding patterns and diet -- babies and infants (Medical ... Infant Food (National Institutes of Health) * Infant Formula (National Institutes of ...
From Klein J, Remington J: Current concepts of infections in the fetus and newborn infant, in Remington J, Klein J (eds): ... From Klein J, Remington J: Current concepts of infections in the fetus and newborn infant, in Remington J, Klein J (eds): ... The infected newborn infant may display growth retardation, developmental anomalies, or multiple clinical and laboratory ... Cite this: Update on TORCH Infections in the Newborn Infant - Medscape - Mar 01, 2004. ...
Review of hosted partnerships: review of the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health: report by the Director-General ...
Celebrate the newest addition to the family with newborn outfits! Perfect for gifting, JCPenneys layettes are cute and ... The Peanutshell Newborn-3 Months 23-Pc Baby Boys Baby Clothing Set. $63.75with code. ... The Peanutshell Newborn-3 Months 23-Pc Baby Girls Baby Clothing Set. $63.75with code. ... The Peanutshell Newborn-3 Months 23-Pc Baby Boys Baby Clothing Set. $63.75with code. ...
American Academy of Pediatrics releases new vaccination guidelines for newborns. Opioid crisis blamed for increase in hepatitis ... Newborns to Receive Hep B Vaccine Within First 24 Hours After Birth. By Gigen Mammoser - Updated on September 4, 2017 ... "Infants and young children who follow immunization schedules that spread out shots - or leave out shots - are at risk of ... "Infants are especially vulnerable to infection at the time of birth, and need the maximal protection provided by administering ...
This report describes how newborn screenings in the United States during 2015-2017 identified congenital disorders. ... This report describes how newborn screenings in the United States during 2015-2017 identified congenital disorders. ... 6,439 infants) and the expected number in 2018 (6,646 infants), even though four new disorders with an estimated 459 infants ... Newborn screening (NBS) identifies infants at risk for congenital disorders for which early intervention has been shown to ...
Basic newborn resuscitation : a practical guide  World Health Organization. Maternal and Newborn Health/Safe Motherhood (‎ ... Caring for newborns and children in the community: a training course for community health workers: caring for the newborn at ... Action plan for healthy newborn infants in the Western Pacific Region (‎2014-2020)‎  ... Caring for newborns and children in the community: planning handbook  World Health Organization; USAID; United Nations ...
We report a novel mutation involved in MVID and highlight the importance of considering this disease when faced with a newborn ... Congenital diarrhea in a newborn infant: A case report World J Clin Pediatr. 2019 Aug 29;8(3):43-48. doi: 10.5409/wjcp.v8.i3.43 ... Case summary: We report the case of an infant transferred to our institution with severe diarrhea of unknown etiology, failure ... We present the case of an infant with MVID due to a mutation not reported in the literature before. ...
I initially used infant bathtubs, but I feel much more comfortable using this bather for my squirmy infant knowing that she is ... The Munchkin Clean is far superior to the typical infant bather, in my opinion, and Ill be using it as long as my baby girl ... The Munchkin Clean is a safe and durable bather for infants thats easy to use from day one! This two-piece bather is ... And, despite weighing just two pounds, the materials are durable and have had no issues holding up with my growing infant. I ...
MAXIMUM 150 WORDS: Remember: front load your paragraphs! This content should include a strong opening sentence describing the health topic in the Eastern Mediterranean (include key words "Eastern Mediterranean" and health topic name for search engine optimization). You should focus on the issue as it relates to the Region and the magnitude of problem in the region, as well as a brief mention of current situation/problem.. ...
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University of Plymouth offers this module to give you evidence of having achieved the newborn and infant physical examination ( ... Newborn and infant examination (APL) (degree and masters level) (HEAC399 / APP720). Achieve the newborn and infant physical ... formulate solutions in the clinical examination of the newborn/infant. *evaluate the autonomous role of the newborn/infant ... Newborn and Infant Physical Examination (NIPE) via UK screening portal. *The Scottish Routine Examination of the Newborn Course ...
Infant LA Clippers White Personalized Bib is in stock now at NBA Store and Guaranteed Authentic. ... Newborn & Infant LA Clippers White Personalized Bib. Manufacturer Direct Item - This item needs extra time for delivery and ...
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Newborn infants with cutaneous lesions mostly on face (A), left upper chest (B), neck (C), and hand (D), Assam Medical College ... Newborn infants with cutaneous lesions mostly on face (A), left upper chest (B), neck (C), and hand (D), Assam Medical College ... Bacillus cereus-Attributable Primary Cutaneous Anthrax-Like Infection in Newborn Infants, India On This Page ... Bacillus cereus-Attributable Primary Cutaneous Anthrax-Like Infection in Newborn Infants, India. Emerging Infectious Diseases. ...
Preparedness Advice for the Parents of a Newborn Infant. James Wesley Rawles September 23, 2008 September 23, 2008. ... Gatorade is not for small children). Contact your medical provider about infant medical supplies, study and train up for infant ... As a mother of 13 children, I am very familiar with prepping for newborns, toddlers, children and teens :-).. Our children ...
Abandoned Newborn Infant Protection Act The Abandoned Newborn Infant Protection Act, often referred to as the Safe Haven Law, ... For more information, please click on the complete text version of the Abandoned Newborn Infant Protection Act. ... offers a protected legal alternative to infant abandonment. This Act allows the parents of an infant to remain anonymous, if ... Any parent seeking to relinquish care of their infant can do so at either NFD Fire Station at any time. ...
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Prosecutors in Michigan have charged a young mother in connection with the death of her newborn infant. ... Prosecutors have charged a young mother in connection with the death of her newborn infant in Michigan. ... After the stabbing, it is further alleged that she wrapped the infant in a towel, placed her in a purse and hid the body in a ... According to prosecutors, it was later discovered that earlier in the day, the teen gave birth to an infant in a toilet in the ...
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Mother-infant separation post birth is common. In standard hospital care, newborn infants are held wrapped or dressed in their ... Early skin-to-skin contact for mothers and their healthy newborn infants. Your browser does not support the audio element. ... In skin-to-skin contact (SSC), the newborn infant is placed naked on the mothers bare chest at birth or soon afterwards. ... In standard hospital care, newborn infants can be held wrapped or dressed in their mothers arms, placed in open cribs or under ...
For example, newborns take an average 45 breaths per minute versus 31 breaths per minute for infants 6 months old, 24 breaths ... Newborns and infants exhibit unique vulnerabilities to environmental toxicants. The growth rate during the first few months of ... On a daily basis, a newborn infant consumes a much larger amount of water (equivalent to 10%-15% of body weight) compared with ... For example, calcium transport in newborns and infants is about five times the rate in adults. If lead exposure occurs, the ...
Fever Treatment for Newborns and Infants. Posted on July 06, 2021 Author: R. Nathan Landefeld, MD, FAAP. Fevers in a newborn or ... In newborns under 2 months old, a fever should be evaluated immediately. In older infants and children, fevers can usually be ... infant child can be scary for parents. Recommendations for fever treatment have also changed, so it is difficult for parents to ...
... of infants born alive, including premature infants or infants with disabilities, who have an emergency medical condition in ... Trumps EO Protects Vulnerable Newborn And Infant Children. September 28, 2020 Leave a comment ... It is the policy of the United States to recognize the human dignity and inherent worth of every newborn or other infant child ... In addition, the Born-Alive Infants Protection Act, 1 U.S.C. 8, makes clear that all infants born alive are individuals for ...
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More cautiousness for lingual frenotomy in newborns and infants!. Press release of the French National Academy of Medicine (*) ... More cautiousness for lingual frenotomy in newborns and infants!. Plateforme de Communication Rapide de lAcadémie ... Frenotomy for tongue-tie in newborn infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Mar 11;3(3):CD011065. doi:10.1002/14651858. ... Section (frenotomy) or excision (frenectomy) of the tongue frenulum in newborns or infants involves surgically cutting (with ...
  • Maternal-infant bonding / Marshall H. Klaus, John H. Kennell. (
  • Investment in maternal, newborn, and child health is not only a priority for saving lives, but is also critical to advancing other goals related to human welfare, equity, and poverty reduction. (
  • In a recent study posted to the Research Square * preprint server, researchers estimated the impact of antenatal and postnatal maternal mental health on the motor developments of the newborn during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. (
  • check also tag CHILD or specific HN - 2008 FX - Adolescent Nutrition FX - Infant Nutrition DH - Maternal Nutrition DI - 052505 MN - SP6.021.072 MS - Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the INFANT as well as herself. (
  • Laboratory testing is recommended for 1) infants born to mothers with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy and 2) infants who have abnormal clinical or neuroimaging findings suggestive of congenital Zika syndrome and a maternal epidemiologic link suggesting possible transmission, regardless of maternal Zika virus test results. (
  • Objective: This study aimed to investigate the association among maternal oral health conditions, preterm births and/or low birth weight among newborns, as well as to evaluate the socioeconomic conditions of the mothers. (
  • Elimination of mother-to-child transmission of these infections cannot be achieved through vertically applied programming and require using and augmenting to the shared Maternal, Newborn and Child Health platform to coordinate, integrate and enable cost efficiencies for these elimination efforts. (
  • It was developed to provide a coordinated approach to achieve and sustain elimination of these largely preventable infections using the shared Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) platform for planning, service delivery, monitoring and evaluation. (
  • We look forward to seeing their contributions toward providing preterm infants with their best opportunity to develop, grow, and thrive," stated Innara Health CEO Chris Mathia. (
  • Innara Health's NTrainer System is the only FDA-cleared medical device that focuses on improving a critical key pre-feeding skill in newborns and preterm infants known as non-nutritive suck (NNS). (
  • NNS is often lacking or weak in preterm infants but critical for the safe transition from feeding tubes to breast or bottle. (
  • The successful transition from feeding tubes to breast or bottle is a developmental milestone for preterm infants and recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics as criteria for discharge from the NICU. (
  • Tuladhar, R., Davis, P. G. & Batch, J. Establishment of a normal range of penile length in preterm infants. (
  • Reduction in intraventricular hemorrhage by elimination of fluctuating cerebral blood-flow velocity in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. (
  • Neurodevelopmental outcome at 36 months' corrected age of preterm infants in the Multicenter Indomethacin Intraventricular Hemorrhage Prevention Trial. (
  • This adapter allows me to stroll with my toddler and newborn. (
  • As you love and support your infant or toddler on their unique journey, you can make things easier on yourself by finding the right fit for their clothing as quickly and easily as possible. (
  • Our preemie, infant and newborn size chart breaks down the size of Gerber Childrenswear clothing to choose for a baby or toddler based on their height and weight. (
  • Our size chart will provide you with what you need to dress an infant, as well as what sizes you will need for toddler boy clothing and toddler girl clothing . (
  • Principles of Pediatric Environmental Health: How Are Newborns, Infants, and Toddlers Exposed To and Affected by Toxicants? (
  • How toxicants enter the body - the routes of exposure - will be considered in the context of some health effects in newborns, infants, and toddlers. (
  • From newborn to size 2T for toddlers, we have the best styles and sizes of boys in romper outfits! (
  • Safe, Easy Nasal Booger and Ear Wax Remover for Newborns, Infants and Toddlers. (
  • Check out the 22 most popular DIY baby boy and girl Halloween costumes ideas for newborns, infants, and toddlers. (
  • The first study published in 2000, by Engle et al, 19 found a poor correlation between TcB measurement and TSB levels in Hispanic neonates in the newborn nursery setting. (
  • Pharmacokinetics of Linezolid in Neonates and Young Infants [abstract A-1409]. (
  • 1-4 In July 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a clinical practice guideline, "Management of Hyperbilirubinemia in the Newborn Infant 35 or More Weeks of Gestation. (
  • Many countries have introduced newborn screening for cystic fibrosis to facilitate diagnosis prior to the development of lung disease. (
  • Although most infants with cystic fibrosis are asymptomatic from a respiratory point of view at diagnosis, structural lung disease has been detected by computed tomography. (
  • We present a case of an asymptomatic infant with cystic fibrosis diagnosed following newborn screening who had endobronchial infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and radiological evidence of bronchiectasis at 3 months of age. (
  • Immunoreactive trypsinogen levels in newborn screened infants with an inconclusive diagnosis of cystic fibrosis. (
  • Newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) not only identifies infants with a diagnosis of CF, but also those with an uncertain diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF), i.e. (
  • Dunham's premature infants. (
  • Perlman J, Thach B. Respiratory origin of fluctuations in arterial blood pressure in premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome. (
  • Population Pharmacokinetics of Cefepime in Newborn Infants [abstract 2263]. (
  • The AAP emphasizes that performing the inoculation shortly after birth maximizes the effectiveness in preventing newborn infection. (
  • Current hepatitis B vaccinations have already proved effective, but there are still roughly 1,000 perinatal cases - meaning the infection is passed from mother to child - of the disease identified in infants annually in the United States. (
  • Infants are especially vulnerable to infection at the time of birth, and need the maximal protection provided by administering the first vaccine dose shortly after birth. (
  • We traced the source of infection to the healthcare kits used for newborn care. (
  • Objective To determine the potential mitochondrial toxicity profile at the genetic, functional and biogenesis level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from a cohort of newborns and infants with symptomatic congenital CMV infection (treated with valganciclovir, untreated and uninfected controls). (
  • Voriconazole serum concentrations in an infant treated for trichosporon beigelii infection. (
  • CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus infection during pregnancy ( 1 ). (
  • A positive infant serum or urine rRT-PCR test result confirms congenital Zika virus infection. (
  • In addition to infant Zika virus testing, initial evaluation of all infants born to mothers with laboratory evidence of Zika virus infection during pregnancy should include a comprehensive physical examination, including a neurologic examination, postnatal head ultrasound, and standard newborn hearing screen. (
  • Infants with laboratory evidence of congenital Zika virus infection should have a comprehensive ophthalmologic exam and hearing assessment by auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing before 1 month of age. (
  • Recommendations for follow-up of infants with laboratory evidence of congenital Zika virus infection depend on whether abnormalities consistent with congenital Zika syndrome are present. (
  • A wide range of neurologic abnormalities, in addition to microcephaly, has been observed among infants with presumed or confirmed congenital Zika virus infection ( 2 , 4 ). (
  • and (e) infants with uncomplicated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and on conventional mechanical ventilation have normal surfactant synthesis, but those requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenated (ECMO) do not. (
  • In addition, WHO and UNICEF now recommend home visits by a skilled health worker during a baby's first week of life to improve newborn survival. (
  • The best way to ensure a successful photo shoot is to work with a local newborn photographer within the first two weeks of the baby's life. (
  • Some photographers even work with hospitals to offer newborn sessions within a day of the baby's birth. (
  • But newborn photographers usually recommend scheduling a shoot during the baby's first two weeks of life, while the baby is still sleepy and relatively cooperative, especially for posed or studio shots. (
  • For casual photos, most newborn photographers recommend shooting within the first six weeks of a baby's life. (
  • Made by hand in a luxurious Peruvian organic cotton that is safe and soft on baby's delicate skin, these knit newborn clothes are perfect for cool Fall days, air conditioning and picture day for baby! (
  • Tdap) for immunization during the third trimester of pregnancy to prevent pertussis (whooping cough) in infants younger than two months of age. (
  • According to the CDC, the Tdap vaccination given during pregnancy provides the best protection to infants against whooping cough in the first months of life. (
  • Pregnancy: Available data from a controlled clinical study showed that the use of the non-US formulation of BOOSTRIX* during the third trimester of pregnancy did not reveal any vaccine-related adverse effects on pregnancy or on the fetus/newborn child. (
  • Risk factors in pregnancy and diseases of the fetus and newborn / Richard L. Naeye, Nebiat Tafari. (
  • Skilled health care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postnatal (immediately following birth) period prevents complications for mother and newborn, and allows for early detection and management of problems. (
  • While most women have a normal term pregnancy and deliver a normal infant, a safe and healthy pregnancy is not experienced by all women. (
  • To know the effects for the newborn of the use and referral for high-risk prenatal care, as well as early of crack in pregnancy. (
  • Xavier DM, Gomes GC, Ribeiro JP, Mota MS, Alvarez SQ. Use of crack in pregnancy: repercussions for the newborn. (
  • Use of crack in pregnancy: repercussions for the newborn posteriormente se sometieron a análisis de contenido. (
  • American Academy of Pediatrics releases new vaccination guidelines for newborns. (
  • Today the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released new infant guidelines for hepatitis B vaccinations. (
  • In 2014, CDC collaborated with the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Division of State Government Affairs and the Newborn Screening Technical Assistance and Evaluation Program (NewSTEPs) to assess states' actions for adopting newborn screening for CCHD. (
  • [1] Infants are at high risk of complications from whooping cough because their immune systems are still developing. (
  • 1 Complications of hyperbilirubinemia, such as acute bilirubin encephalopathy and/or kernicterus, are rare in infants whose bilirubin levels are below the 95th percentile. (
  • The newborn recovered perfectly well after surgery without complications . (
  • In the absence of early detection, infants with CCHD are at risk for serious complications or death within the first few days or weeks of life ( 1 ). (
  • When a TORCH test or screening is ordered on a newborn, it is suspected that that child has been exposed in utero to one of several organisms that can cause mild or subclinical disease in the mother but devastating damage to the infant. (
  • Previous modeled estimates of the number of infants identified by newborn screening (NBS), in conjunction with CDC's Hearing Screening and Follow-up Survey data, predicted approximately 10,500 cases of NBS disorders in the United States in 2006 (25.5 per 10,000 births). (
  • Newborn screening (NBS) identifies infants at risk for congenital disorders for which early intervention has been shown to improve outcomes ( 1 ). (
  • States reported aggregate numbers of confirmed cases of 32 RUSP DBS disorders to the Association of Public Health Laboratories' Newborn Screening Technical assistance and Evaluation Program (NewSTEPs) ( 3 ), a Health Resources and Services Administration-funded data repository. (
  • To help clinicians and the families they serve in the decision of when to administer therapy to infants identified with SMA via newborn screening, Cure SMA convened a working group comprised of 15 SMA experts to develop treatment guidelines. (
  • These guidelines, "Treatment Algorithm for Infants Diagnosed with Spinal Muscular Atrophy through Newborn Screening," were originally published in the Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases in May 2018. (
  • Today, we are pleased to share an update to these recommendations, expanding the number of newborns diagnosed with SMA via newborn screening that are advised to seek immediate treatment. (
  • The Working Group first developed a treatment algorithm for the administration of an SMN-upregulating treatment, based upon genotype following a positive identification of SMA through newborn screening. (
  • At this time, there was agreement that enough new clinical data and real-world experience was available to update their position to recommend immediate treatment for infants diagnosed with SMA via newborn screening with four copies of SMN2 . (
  • Newborn hearing screening: tobramycin and vancomycin are not risk factors for hearing loss. (
  • Newborn screening provides an opportunity for reducing infant morbidity and mortality ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • In September 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Secretary endorsed the recommendation that critical congenital heart defects be added to the Recommended Uniform Screening Panel (RUSP) for all newborns ( 4 ). (
  • Forty-three states have taken action toward newborn screening for CCHD through legislation, regulations, or hospital guidelines. (
  • however, the type of data collected by CCHD newborn screening programs varies by state. (
  • State mandates for newborn screening for CCHD will likely increase the number of newborns screened, allowing for the possibility of early identification and prevention of morbidity and mortality. (
  • Data collection at the state level is important for surveillance, monitoring of outcomes, and evaluation of state CCHD newborn screening programs. (
  • Newborn screening for CCHD uses pulse oximetry, a noninvasive technology to measure blood oxygen saturation. (
  • Thus, unlike most newborn screening conditions, screening for CCHD is not based on performing a blood test. (
  • When accompanied by early identification and treatment, newborn screening provides an opportunity to reduce infant morbidity and mortality ( 2 , 3 ). (
  • The Secretary's Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children has provided national guidelines and recommendations on newborn screening, known as the RUSP, and this panel is reviewed and endorsed by the HHS Secretary ( 3 ). (
  • State decisions might differ depending on method of screening required or the legislative authority of the newborn screening program. (
  • To assess states' actions for adopting newborn screening for CCHD, CDC collaborated with the AAP Division of State Government Affairs and NewSTEPs. (
  • NewSTEPs maintains a data repository of state newborn screening program metrics and provides education and technical assistance to newborn screening programs. (
  • In January 2014, NewSTEPs distributed a survey on CCHD newborn screening adoption and data collection practices to state CCHD newborn screening programs. (
  • 1 These infections can be largely prevented by antenatal screening, treatment and timely vaccination for newborns. (
  • It is important that no newborn leaves the birth hospital without it. (
  • In standard hospital care, newborn infants can be held wrapped or dressed in their mother's arms, placed in open cribs or under warmers. (
  • Whether you're picking out the coziest, cutest one-piece home outfit for their trip home from the hospital, or seeking a special something for the expectant parent in your life, find the snuggliest, sweetest styles in our collection of newborn, infant, and baby boy and girl clothes. (
  • Using data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS), annual rates of newborn circumcision are presented for 1979-2010. (
  • Jaundice is the most common condition that requires medical attention and hospital readmission in newborns. (
  • Newborns in special circumstances, such as low-birth-weight babies, babies born to HIV-positive mothers, or sick babies, require additional care and should be referred to a hospital. (
  • Some newborn photographers will come to the hospital to shoot the baby within a day or two of birth, while others have set up their studios to accommodate the needs of infants. (
  • This is a qualitative study identification of the peculiarities of the newborns of conducted in a university hospital in southern Brazil, in these women, and the development of actions that the first half of 2014. (
  • Estudio cualitativo realizado en un hospital causing the adoption of the newborn by relatives of the universitario en el sur de Brasil, en el primer semestre family nucleus or their institutionalization due to lack of de 2014. (
  • Innara Health, the industry leader in feeding development for newborns and infants born prematurely is collaborating with Cardinal Health on the redesign of the NTrainer System. (
  • Many newborns that are born prematurely are more susceptible to infections such as HIV. (
  • It primarily occurs in babies born .34 weeks gestation, although prematurely born infants can also suffer from it. (
  • A newborn infant, or neonate, is a child under 28 days of age. (
  • D. W. Fetal phallic growth and penile standards for newborn male infants. (
  • A major problem in pain treatment in the newborn is the ability to assess the degree of experienced pain. (
  • The Munchkin Clean is far superior to the typical infant bather, in my opinion, and I'll be using it as long as my baby girl can safely fit. (
  • Baby infants symbols. (
  • A great resource for how to do this and stay within your budget is the book The Eco-Nomical Baby Guide Down-To-Earth Ways For Parents to Save Money and the Planet - written by two mothers who went green for less than a thousand dollars (I can't verify this, but apparently the average parents spend an average of $7000 on each newborn child). (
  • View cart "BEABA x Shnuggle Newborn Baby Bath Tub - Aqua" has been added to your cart. (
  • DUAL ENDED DESIGN - As the only 2 in 1 baby ear and nose cleaner on the market this baby gadget is among parents' top baby essentials for infant registry. (
  • The newborn insert acts as a snug, safe baby bath chair that can be removed as your baby grows and develops. (
  • From 0-3 months, you can use the Cleanwater Tub with the included newborn insert to safely and securely cradle your baby in the tub. (
  • And there are bizarre moments when a newborn baby 'rejects' a name. (
  • Baby pictures are among the most popular types of portrait photography, and most newborn photographers are well versed in the best places to take baby pictures in their local areas. (
  • A newborn was surrendered to Florida's only safe haven baby box. (
  • A newborn was surrendered recently to Florida's only baby box, a device that lets people give up an unwanted infant anonymously. (
  • Kelsey, who says she was also abandoned as an infant, founded Safe Haven Baby Boxes in 2015. (
  • The organization launched the first baby box in the U.S. in Indiana in 2016, and the organization received its first surrendered newborn in 2017. (
  • The Ocala Fire Rescue received the surrendered newborn, the first to ever be surrendered in a baby box in Florida, within the last 10 days, Kelsey said. (
  • Once the authorities arrive, the newborn is removed from the baby box's bassinet and immediately taken to receive medical attention, before then being placed for adoption, according to Kelsey. (
  • The association will help baby settle down whenever they see their moon blanket, these newborn blankets are also available with heart and star. (
  • Estella's owl and moon organic baby toys are designed to accompany the famous newborn book. (
  • When you are buying baby boy clothing or baby girl clothing for new parents or someone's baby registry, know that they usually get most of their clothing in newborn or 0-3M sizes. (
  • Giving them 0-6M clothing or 3-6M clothing will help them to get ahead once the baby showers and newborn celebrations are over. (
  • While an infant can grow into their clothing, it is difficult to keep a baby comfortable when their clothes are too small. (
  • For the newborn baby, you can give him a sponge bath every day until his navel region heals completely. (
  • It was Miriam who, at her mother Jochebed's request, hid the baby Moses by the side of a river to save him from the Pharaoh's order for the execution of newborn Hebrew boys. (
  • Our brand-new Swaddlers Collection comes with everything you need to snuggle up with your new infant baby doll. (
  • Each newborn baby doll includes an oh-so-soft onesie with floral heart applique, a floral swaddling blanket, and a matching muslin headband. (
  • The swaddling blanket allows you to keep your newborn baby doll snug and cozy in a tight-fitted swaddle. (
  • This realistic newborn baby doll arrives inside a Collector's Box and includes a numbered Certificate of Authenticity with the artist's signature. (
  • Analysis of patients enrolled in a multicenter trial of indomethacin prophylaxis suggests that prophylaxis is effective in male infants but not in female infants. (
  • Together, these laws help protect infants born alive from discrimination in the provision of medical treatment, including infants who require emergency medical treatment, who are premature, or who are born with disabilities. (
  • Applying that frequency to 3,791,712 live births in 2018, † approximately 12,900 infants are expected to be identified each year with one of the disorders included in the study. (
  • Transcutaneous bilirubin (TcB) measurement in newborns has been studied extensively in the non-Hispanic population, but its usefulness in the Hispanic population remains unclear. (
  • Neonatal jaundice, or hyperbilirubinemia, is a common problem encountered in the newborn nursery, occurring in approximately 65% of all full-term babies with the peak bilirubin levels occurring on day 5 of life. (
  • [ 89 ] The yellow coloration of the skin and sclera in newborns with jaundice is the result of accumulation of unconjugated bilirubin. (
  • However, in some infants, serum bilirubin levels may rise excessively, which can be cause for concern because unconjugated bilirubin is neurotoxic and can cause death in newborns and lifelong neurologic sequelae in infants who survive ( kernicterus ). (
  • Binding of bilirubin to albumin increases postnatally with age and is reduced in infants who are ill. (
  • From 1999 to 2021, at least 4,505 infants were surrendered through safe haven laws nationwide, according to the most recent report from the National Safe Haven Alliance . (
  • Infants and young children who follow immunization schedules that spread out shots - or leave out shots - are at risk of getting sick," Dr. Allen Craig, deputy director of the CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease, told Healthline in July. (
  • In older infants and children, fevers can usually be managed at home and seen in the office depending on other symptoms of illness. (
  • It can also have a severe impact on newborns and children with other health issues. (
  • Withholding treatment from defective newborn children / by Joseph Eliot Magnet and Eike-Henner W. Kluge. (
  • In most cases, Maragoli or Avalogooli, the second-largest of the sub-tribes, names its newborn children after relatives, especially the esteemed ones. (
  • Newborn infant parasympathetic evaluation (NIPE) as a predictor of hemodynamic response in children younger than 2 years under general anesthesia: an observational pilot study. (
  • It is still unknown whether newborn infant parasympathetic evaluation (NIPE), based on heart rate variability (HRV) as a reflection of parasympathetic nerve tone, can predict the hemodynamic response to a nociception stimulus in children less than 2 years old. (
  • Some children entered Washington Children's Home Society as infants, and some as older children. (
  • Newborns who develop subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SFNN) are usually healthy and full-term at delivery, although reports have described children with subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn who were born with macrosomia or postterm with normal size. (
  • In 2010, the Secretary's Advisory Committee on Heritable Disorders in Newborns and Children recommended adding CCHD to the RUSP for all newborns ( 4 ). (
  • Infant formulas are available for babies whose mothers are not able to or decide not to breastfeed. (
  • The use of antiretroviral therapy in mothers and the newborn, however, has resulted in a decrease in incidence in the United States. (
  • Mothers who had SSC breast fed their infants longer, too, on average over 60 days longer (six studies, 264 women, low-quality evidence ). (
  • In developing countries nearly half of all mothers and newborns do not receive skilled care during and immediately after birth. (
  • In the present prospective cohort study, Canadian researchers analyzed the association between prenatal and postnatal depression and stress in mothers and infant motor outcomes within two months of birth during the COVID-19 pandemic through an online survey. (
  • Mothers reported the newborns' fine and gross motor ability using the interRAI 0-3 Developmental Domains questionnaire. (
  • In contrast, lower gestational age and birth weight infants belonging to mothers who did not experience high depressive symptoms perinatally did not demonstrate impaired motor outcomes. (
  • The study findings show that while antenatal and postnatal depression in mothers predicted the motor outcomes of newborns during the initial two months of life, stress observed in mothers during and after gestation did not forecast the motor ability of infants during this period. (
  • This has major implications for how women living with HIV might choose to feed their infants, and how health workers should counsel mothers when making these choices. (
  • NBS continues to be one of the most successful public health interventions, offering early detection and intervention to all infants, regardless of geographic, ethnic, or socioeconomic differences. (
  • The number of infants identified at a national level highlights the effect that NBS programs are having on infant health through early detection, intervention, and potential improved health, regardless of geographic, racial/ethnic, or socioeconomic differences. (
  • PICK DON'T SUCK - The original oogiebear booger picker and earwax remover is simple to use and clean no infant saline drops or aspiration tube required DOCTOR DESIGNED MOM TESTED - Created by a registered pharmacist and mother oogiebear is made to help your infant breathe easier and sleep easier which makes for better health and more smiles for babies and parents alike. (
  • many concepts for adults are used in childohood, which is not correct and may cause several consequences to the health of infants. (
  • Up to two thirds of newborn deaths can be prevented if known, effective health measures are provided at birth and during the first week of life. (
  • The vast majority of newborn deaths take place in developing countries where access to health care is low. (
  • Providing these data through the Tracking Network can improve surveillance methods in order to better understand trends over time and place, and to better understand the role that environmental exposures play in reproductive and infant health problems. (
  • The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers' products does not imply that they are en- dorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. (
  • The potential of ARVs to reduce HIV transmission throughout the period of breastfeed- ing also highlights the need for guidance on how child health services should commu- nicate information about ARVs to prevent transmission through breastfeeding, and the implications for feeding of HIV exposed infants through the first two years of life. (
  • This Model Chapter brings together essential knowledge about infant and young child feeding that health professionals should acquire as part of their basic education. (
  • the health of the newborn and repercussions related to repercussions for the newborn family restructuring. (
  • 10 ). Infections caused by B. cereus in newborns have been reported occasionally ( 11 , 12 ). (
  • We describe a cluster of 12 cases of severe anthrax-like cutaneous infections in otherwise healthy newborns attributed to the B. cereus group. (
  • Early initiation of breastfeeding-within one hour of birth-can protect the newborn from acquiring infections and significantly reduces infant mortality. (
  • Apart from cleanliness, you need to pay close attention to keeping your infant away from infections and diseases. (
  • If you touch your infant without using a hand cleanser, he would be more prone to infections, germs, and suffer from diseases like flu, colds, diarrhea, etc. (
  • 1.Breast feeding 2.Infant nutrition 3.HIV infections - in infancy and childhood. (
  • All 12 newborns had a positive indication of sepsis. (
  • to characterize the energetic spent at rest in infants with sepsis. (
  • We used as search strategy the words: newborn and energy spent or sepsis in all fields. (
  • The current study is based on data reported for 33 of the 35 disorders included on the RUSP among infants born during 2015-2017, the most recent years of available national data. (
  • Studies with larger sample sizes are necessary to confirm physiological benefit for infants during transition to extra-uterine life and to establish possible dose-response effects and optimal initiation time. (
  • A 2008 report estimated that in 2006, 6,439 U.S. infants were identified with any of 27 DBS disorders included on the RUSP ( 2 ). (
  • The objectives of the current study were to update national estimates of infants with NBS disorders included on the RUSP and to compare these updated prevalence estimates with those previously reported. (
  • We had too few babies in our included studies and the quality of the evidence was too low for us to be very confident in the results for infants. (
  • Despite our concerns about the quality of the studies, and since we found no evidence of harm in any included studies, we conclude the evidence supports that early SSC should be normal practice for healthy newborns including those born by cesarean and babies born early at 35 weeks or more. (
  • You'll find vintage and heirloom daygowns from the early 1900s through the 1960s as well as beautiful new daygowns for your newborn including leading brands Feltman Brothers , Petit Ami , Bailey Babies, Lavender Blue, and many more. (
  • Every year nearly 45% of all under 5 child deaths are among newborn infants, babies in their first 28 days of life or the neonatal period. (
  • In most infants, unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia reflects a normal transitional phenomenon. (
  • Thus, the usefulness of TcB measurements in general population of newborn Hispanic infants remains unclear. (
  • These infants have an uncertain long-term outcome and it is currently unclear around time of diagnosis, which infants are at higher risk of later fulfilling a CF diagnosis. (
  • It is unclear how high the risk of cardiac defects may be for infants born to people exposed to TCE. (
  • Because perinatal stress associated with gestational diabetes increases infant susceptibility to subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn, it is unclear whether hypoglycemia in some subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn patients is a complication of subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn itself or due to elevated levels of insulin that result from gestational diabetes. (
  • Shop our 100% cotton and linen rompers for your newborn with a huge discount and start savings. (
  • Immunoreactive trypsinogen levels in newborn screened infants with an " by Chee Y Ooi, Rosie Sutherland et al. (
  • In particular, evidence has been reported that antiretro- viral (ARV) interventions to either the HIV-infected mother or HIV-exposed infant can significantly reduce the risk of postnatal transmission of HIV through breastfeeding. (
  • Conclusions No evidence of mitochondrial toxicity was found in infants treated with valganciclovir for congenital CMV. (
  • This guideline recommended that all newborn nurseries have a protocol for assessing jaundice. (
  • This Act allows the parents of an infant to remain anonymous, if they so choose, and avoid both civil and criminal liability for relinquishing care of a child. (
  • Any parent seeking to relinquish care of their infant can do so at either NFD Fire Station at any time. (
  • Are there some newborn infants whose short- and long-term care costs are so great that treatment should not be provided and they should be allowed to die? (
  • Public discourse and academic debate about the ethics of newborn intensive care has often shied away from this question. (
  • Genomic intensive care: should we perform genome testing in critically ill newborns? (
  • it was part of a newly established city-wide program for the specialized care of the smallest newborn infants. (
  • Nearly half of all newborns do not receive skilled care during and immediately after birth and up to two thirds of deaths can be prevented. (
  • Most of these newborns die at home, without skilled care that could greatly increase their chances for survival. (
  • Many of the infants who survive PPHN will remain on some PH therapy upon discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit and will need to be managed by a PH specialist. (
  • Care for these infants can cost five times more than a normal newborn, according to some estimates. (
  • Our study investigated clonal hematopoiesis in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) newborns, 94 of whom were ZDV-exposed and 91 antiretroviral therapy (ART)-unexposed and matched for potential confounding factors. (
  • Prevention of infant mortality and morbidity / volume editor, F. Falkner. (
  • One can only wonder before the spectacular increase, in France and throughout the world, of lingual frenotomy which, performed very soon after the stay in maternity, would then facilitate breastfeeding that is both effective for the newborn and the infant, and make it painless for the mother: more than 420% in Australia in about ten years [1,2,3]. (
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 90 percent of infected infants develop chronic hepatitis B, compared with only 2.6 percent of adults. (
  • Now the AAP is pushing for a renewed effort in preventing infant hepatitis B transmission, partially in response to the ongoing opioid epidemic. (
  • In his 2007 book "The Vaccine Book: Making the Right Decision for Your Child," Dr. Robert Sears, the son of well-known pediatrician William Sears, popularized the idea of alternative vaccine schedules for infants. (
  • However, this bather is advertised for infants up to 6 months (up to 3 months for countertop use), and while my petite child should have no problem using it for the entire that entire time, I don't know if the majority of infants will get that long of a lifespan from it. (
  • Fevers in a newborn or infant child can be scary for parents. (
  • Your child has gone from tiny newborn to curious infant, reaching out and exploring their environment. (
  • AN - check the tag INFANT HN - 2008 FX - Child Nutrition FX - Infant Nutrition Physiology FX - Milk FX - Milk, Human DH - Adolescent Nutrition DI - 052508 MN - SP6.021.067 MS - Nutrition of persons 10 through 19 years of age. (
  • Deficiency or dysfunction of the pulmonary surfactant plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of respiratory diseases of the newborn. (
  • The average length of stay was 6.0 excluding newborn infants, from discharges. (
  • In skin-to-skin contact (SSC), the newborn infant is placed naked on the mother's bare chest at birth or soon afterwards. (
  • We report the case of an infant transferred to our institution with severe diarrhea of unknown etiology, failure to thrive, and significant metabolic derangements. (
  • Currently, infants receive 14 different vaccines by age 2, sometimes receiving up to five shots in a single visit. (
  • In most circumstances, breastfeeding is the optimal form of infant nutrition. (