Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
To utter an inarticulate, characteristic sound in order to communicate or express a feeling, or desire for attention.
Any suction exerted by the mouth; response of the mammalian infant to draw milk from the breast. Includes sucking on inanimate objects. Not to be used for thumb sucking, which is indexed under fingersucking.
Interaction between a mother and child.
Care of infants in the home or institution.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Female parents, human or animal.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Liquid formulations for the nutrition of infants that can substitute for BREAST MILK.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The abrupt and unexplained death of an apparently healthy infant under one year of age, remaining unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene, and review of the clinical history. (Pediatr Pathol 1991 Sep-Oct;11(5):677-84)
Diseases of newborn infants present at birth (congenital) or developing within the first month of birth. It does not include hereditary diseases not manifesting at birth or within the first 30 days of life nor does it include inborn errors of metabolism. Both HEREDITARY DISEASES and METABOLISM, INBORN ERRORS are available as general concepts.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.
Nutritional physiology of children from birth to 2 years of age.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
Sexual activities of humans.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Sexual activities of animals.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
The nursing of an infant at the breast.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of infants.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1000 grams (2.2 lbs), regardless of GESTATIONAL AGE.
The study of the physiological basis of human and animal behavior.
Individuals enrolled in a preparatory course for medical school.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
An interdisciplinary science concerned with studies of the biological bases of behavior - biochemical, genetic, physiological, and neurological - and applying these to the understanding and treatment of mental illness.
The study of the effects of drugs on mental and behavioral activity.
The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Motor behavior that is repetitive, often seemingly driven, and nonfunctional. This behavior markedly interferes with normal activities or results in severe bodily self-injury. The behavior is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. (DSM-IV, 1994)
A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.
Substances that induce LACTATION.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the metabolism, physiology, and disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.
An objective determination of the refractive state of the eye (NEARSIGHTEDNESS; FARSIGHTEDNESS; ASTIGMATISM). By using a RETINOSCOPE, the amount of correction and the power of lens needed can be determined.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.

Infants' learning about words and sounds in relation to objects. (1/393)

In acquiring language, babies learn not only that people can communicate about objects and events, but also that they typically use a particular kind of act as the communicative signal. The current studies asked whether 1-year-olds' learning of names during joint attention is guided by the expectation that names will be in the form of spoken words. In the first study, 13-month-olds were introduced to either a novel word or a novel sound-producing action (using a small noisemaker). Both the word and the sound were produced by a researcher as she showed the baby a new toy during a joint attention episode. The baby's memory for the link between the word or sound and the object was tested in a multiple choice procedure. Thirteen-month-olds learned both the word-object and sound-object correspondences, as evidenced by their choosing the target reliably in response to hearing the word or sound on test trials, but not on control trials when no word or sound was present. In the second study, 13-month-olds, but not 20-month-olds, learned a new sound-object correspondence. These results indicate that infants initially accept a broad range of signals in communicative contexts and narrow the range with development.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of low dose fentanyl infusion in preterm infants with hyaline membrane disease. (2/393)

AIM: To evaluate the effects of low dose fentanyl infusion analgesia on behavioural and neuroendocrine stress response and short term outcome in premature infants ventilated for hyaline membrane disease. METHODS: Twenty seven ventilated preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive a mean fentanyl infusion of 1.1 (0.08 SE) micrograms/kg/h for 75 (5) hours, and 28 untreated infants were considered a control group. A behavioural sedation score was used to assess the infants' behaviour. Urinary metanephrine and the normetanephrine:creatinine molar ratio were determined at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Outcome data and ventilatory indexes were recorded for each infant. RESULTS: The fentanyl group showed significantly lower behavioural stress scores and O2 desaturations than controls and lower urinary concentrations of metanephrine and normetanephrine at 24, 48, 72 hours. The two groups showed no significant difference in ventilatory variables or short term outcome. CONCLUSIONS: A short course of low dose fentanyl infusion reduces behavioural sedation scores, O2 desaturations and neuroendocrine stress response in preterm ventilated infants.  (+info)

Measurement of upper esophageal sphincter tone and relaxation during swallowing in premature infants. (3/393)

Upper esophageal sphincter (UES) motor function has not been previously evaluated in premature infants. The motor patterns associated with tonic activity and swallow-related relaxation of the UES were recorded for 1 h after completion of gavage feeding in 11 healthy preterm neonates (postmenstrual age 33-37 wk) with a micromanometric assembly, which included a sleeve sensor specifically adapted for UES recordings. A clearly defined UES high-pressure zone was observed in all premature infants studied. Resting UES pressure ranged from 2.3 to 26.2 mmHg and was higher during periods of irritability and apparent discomfort. During dry swallows, UES pressure relaxed from a resting pressure of 28.2 +/- 4.0 mmHg to a nadir of 1.1 +/- 3.3 mmHg. The mean UES relaxation interval (the time from relaxation onset to relaxation offset) was 0. 31 +/- 0.11 s. We conclude that in premature infants >/=33 wk postmenstrual age the motor mechanisms regulating UES resting pressure and the onset of UES relaxation are well developed.  (+info)

Behavioral methods used in the study of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid nutrition in primate infants. (4/393)

Domains of behavior may be broadly categorized as sensory, motor, motivational and arousal, cognitive, and social. Differences in these domains occur because of changes in brain structure and function. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6-23) and arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4-26) are major structural components of the brain that decrease when diets deficient in the essential fatty acids (EFA) alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid are consumed. Early electrophysiologic and behavioral studies in EFA-deficient rodents showed behavioral effects attributable to lower-than-normal accumulation of DHA and AA in the brain. More recently, electrophysiologic and behavioral studies in EFA-deficient primate infants and analogous studies in human infants have been conducted. The human infants were fed formulas that could result in lower-than-optimal accumulation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in the brain during critical periods of development. This article describes the behavioral methods that have been used to study primate infants. These methods may be unfamiliar to many physicians and nutritionists who wish to read and interpret the human studies. The behavioral outcomes that have been evaluated in LCPUFA studies represent only a fraction of those available in the behavioral sciences. Specific developmental domains have been studied less often than global development, even though studies of nonhuman primates deficient in EFAs suggest that the former provide more information that could help target the underlying mechanisms of action of LCPUFAs in the brain.  (+info)

Skin conductance and the stress response from heel stick in preterm infants. (5/393)

AIM: To evaluate whether spontaneous skin conductance activity is an objective method for measuring the stress response to painful stimuli in premature infants. The number and amplitude of the waves and the baseline increase with the activity of the sympathetic nervous system. METHODS: In 20 preterm infants of gestational age >/= 29 weeks, behavioural state and spontaneous skin conductance activity variables were measured for three minutes before, during, and for three minutes after heel stick. RESULTS: The number of waves (p < 0.001), the amplitude of the waves (p = 0.001), and the level of the behavioural state (p < 0.001) increased during heel stick, and then decreased to levels found before the procedure. The baseline increased both during (p < 0.001) and after heel stick (p < 0.001), compared with levels before. CONCLUSION: Spontaneous skin conductance activity reflects the stress response to heel stick in premature infants from at least 29 weeks of gestational age.  (+info)

Brief report: the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale detects differences among newborn infants of optimal health. (6/393)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) can detect behavioral differences in newborn infants of optimal health and, if such differences appear, also detect gender differences among those neonates. METHODS: Participants were a group of healthy Swedish neonates, 20 boys and 18 girls. The infants were assessed by the NBAS under standardized conditions at 48-72 hours of age, at the midpoint between two meals. RESULTS: All items except those in the dimensions Autonomic System and Motor System had a wide interquartile range. The trend was that girls had higher median item profiles, which means a higher level of functioning than boys. Four out of seven median values in the dimension Social Interactive Organization, as well as the median value in the self-quieting item in the dimension State Regulation, were significantly higher for girls. The interquartile range of the items seemed wider for boys than for girls. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate behavioral variability among healthy neonates. Gender differences were also observed with girls showing higher levels of functioning than boys.  (+info)

Parenting stress in mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants: a function of infant behavioral characteristics and child-rearing attitudes. (7/393)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the moderating effects of child-rearing attitudes on the relation between parenting stress and infant behavioral characteristics for mothers of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and full-term infants. METHODS: Fifty-six 9-month-old infants (23 VLBW and 33 full-term) and their mothers were the participants. Mothers completed measures of parenting stress, child-rearing attitudes, infant temperament, and infant behavioral problems. RESULTS: The VLBW infants had a higher frequency of behavioral problems, and their mothers reported more child health concerns than the mothers of the full-term infants. Regression analyses showed that the relation between parenting stress and infant distress was moderated at medium and high levels of parental strictness for only the VLBW infants. CONCLUSIONS: The amount of stress the mothers of the VLBW infants experienced was a result of the congruence between their infant's behavioral characteristics and their own child-rearing attitudes.  (+info)

Regulation of milk intake after exposure to alcohol in mothers' milk. (8/393)

OBJECTIVE: Contrary to the folklore which claims that drinking alcohol during lactation benefits both mother and infant, previous research in our laboratory revealed that breastfed infants consumed significantly less milk during the immediate hours after their mothers' consumption of an alcoholic beverage. Because breastfed infants are clearly capable of regulating milk intake, the present study tested the hypothesis that infants would compensate for the diminished milk intake if their mothers then refrained from drinking alcohol. METHODS: A within-subjects design that controlled for time of day was implemented because of the great individual and daily variation in both milk composition and intake. To this end, 12 exclusively breastfed infants and their mothers were tested on 2 days separated by 1 week. Each woman drank a 0.3 g/kg dose of alcohol in orange juice on one testing day and orange juice alone on the other; the order was counterbalanced. The infants' behaviors were monitored for the next 16 hr, the first 4 hr of monitoring on each test day occurred at the Monell Center. The infants fed on demand and immediately before and after each feeding, infants were weighed without a change in clothing. RESULTS: Consistent with previous findings, infants consumed significantly less milk during the 4 hr immediately after exposure to alcohol in mothers' milk compared with the control condition. Compensatory increases in intake were then observed during the 8 to 16 hr after exposure when mothers refrained from drinking alcohol. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that short-term exposure to small amounts of alcohol in mothers' milk produces distinctive changes in the infants' patterns of feeding.  (+info)

The NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scales (NNNS) is a tool for the comprehensive examination of normal full-term infants, preterm infants, and infants at risk because of prenatal substance exposure. NICU stands for neonatal intensive care unit. The NNNS can be used with infants through 6 weeks of age - and as early as 32 weeks gestational age for preterm infants - to guide assessment, evaluation, and early intervention. It is designed to evaluate neurobehavioral and neurological profiles, adaptations to stress, and the withdrawal status of neonates exposed to drugs in utero. The NNNS is useful for assessment of all at-risk infants and can serve as a basis for consultation with families and a guide for intervention. The test takes about 20 minutes (plus 10-15 minutes for scoring) and can be administered by experiences clinicians after certification training, available internationally through video conferences.
Barry M. Lester, Edward Z. Tronick, Linda LaGasse, Ronald Seifer, Charles R. Bauer, Seetha Shankaran, Henrietta S. Bada, Linda L. Wright, Vincent L. Smeriglio, Jing Lu, Loretta P. Finnegan, Penelope L. Maza ...
Neurobehavioral organization describes infants abilities to organize themselves within their central nervous system maturation and environment. As part of infants environment, caregivers can structure the environment to support infants development. Care of the high-risk infant emphasizes support of infants emerging neurobehavioral organization. This article describes the theoretical rationale of neurobehavioral organization, effect on the infant and family, and assessments available to the neonatal occupational therapist for use with high-risk infants. Information gained via neurobehavioral assessment can be used to engage parents in better understanding their infants behaviors and interact at a level appropriate with their infant. ...
BACKGROUND/AIM: Selenium (Se) levels in pregnancy have been linked to neurobehavioral development of the offspring. DNA methylation is a potential mechanism underlying the impacts of environmental exposures on fetal development; however, very few studies have been done elucidating the role of DNA methylation linking prenatal Se and child neurobehavior. We aimed to investigate the associations between placental Se concentration and epigenome-wide DNA methylation in two U.S. cohorts, and to assess the association between Se-related DNA methylation modifications and newborns neurobehavior. METHODS: We measured placental Se concentrations in 343 newborns enrolled in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study and in 141 newborns in the Rhode Island Child Health Study. Genome-wide placental DNA methylation was measured by HumanMethylation450 BeadChip, and newborn neurobehavioral development was assessed by the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scales (NNNS). We meta-analyzed the associations between placental ...
The Prospective Infant Behavioral Study (PIBS) study is currently enrolling pregnant women to learn more about behaviors in newborns that may be related to developmental delays. This study involves two visits. The first involves a standardized assessment at birth that will help researchers learn more about how behaviors in newborns relate to their development. A second visit at 8 months of age will involve showing the infant videos on a screen that will help study personnel understand how he or she learns. ...
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of marijuana (or ganja as it is called in Jamaica) consumption during pregnancy and lactation on offspring during the neonatal period. Despite the prevalence of marijuana use among women of childbearing age, 1-3 reports on the behavioral teratogenic effects of prenatal marijuana exposure have been conflicting and inconclusive. Fried and Makin, 4 for example, found that moderate levels of marijuana use in their middle-class Ottawa sample (7.0 joints per week) were associated with poorer habituation to light, higher levels of irritability, and increased tremors and startles as assessed by the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) between the third and sixth days of life. Tennes et al, 5 on the other hand, found no relationship between exposure to marijuana and the neonates behavior as rated by the NBAS. Similarly, a recent study of 373 lower socioeconomic status (SES) mothers and their neonates by Richardson and colleagues 6 ...
This study investigated infant neurobehavioral functioning during the newborn period in 334 full-term, African American neonates (187 cocaine exposed, 147 non-cocaine exposed) enrolled prospectively at birth, with documentation of drug exposure statu
Using data from parents of 761 infants from 6 independent samples, short (91 items, 14 scales) and very short (37 items, 3 broad scales) forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), a well-established caregiver report measure of temperament for infants aged 3 to 12 months, were develo …
Looking for online definition of NBAS or what NBAS stands for? NBAS is listed in the Worlds largest and most authoritative dictionary database of abbreviations and acronyms
Cyanobacterial β-N-methylamino-L-alanine (BMAA) has been suggested as a causative or contributory factor in the development of several neurodegenerative diseases. However, no BMAA animal model has adequately shown clinical or behavioral symptoms that correspond to those seen in either Alzheimers Disease (AD), Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) or Parkinsons Disease (PD). We present here the first data that show that when neonatal rats were exposed to BMAA on postnatal days 3, 4 and 5, but not on gestational day 14 or postnatally on days 7 or 10, several AD and/or PD-related behavioral, locomotor and cognitive deficits developed ...
Complete information for NBAS gene (Protein Coding), Neuroblastoma Amplified Sequence, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Background: Intraventricular hemorrhages and respiratory distress syndrome are two common diseases in preterm infants. Observation-based care, may reduce the rate of these complications through energy saving, diminishing apnea periods and cerebral blood flow changes. Aim: to evaluate the effect of behavior observation-based care training for mothers on intraventricular hemorrhages and ventilation period. Methods: In this two-group clinical trial, 70 infants with gestation age of less than 32 weeks were observed in neonate intensive care unit of Omolbanin Hospital, 2014. In the intervention group, the mothers and nurses received training in infant behavior and care program, and preterm infants behavior were observed and recorded by means of Assessment of Preterm Infants Behavior. At the end of the intervention, incidence of cerebral hemorrhage and the hours of ventilation were recorded. The data were analyzed performing independent t-test, Chi-square and Pearson correlation coefficient, using SPSS.
Clinical trial for Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor | Cognitive/Functional Effects | Psychosocial Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment | Lymphoma | Leukemia | Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor | Long-term Effects Secondary to Cancer Therapy in Children | Metastatic Cancer | Long-term Effects Secondary to Cancer Therapy in Adults | Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors | Neurofibromatosis Type 1 | Protocol Specific , Collecting and Storing Information From Patients With Cancer or Other Chronic Disease Who Have Undergone Neurobehavioral Assessments on Another Clinical Trial
RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS Brief delay(,30 sec to ,60 sec ) in cord clamping as compared to early cord clamping (, 20 sec) leads to a better short term neurobehavioural outcome in preterm (34-36 wks) neonates when assessed by neurobehavioral assessment of preterm infants (n.a.p.i.) at 37 weeks of post conceptional ...
Group summary data are presented as median (range) for continuous numerical data and n (%) for categorical data. Individual values are also presented for each participant (continuous and discrete numerical data and categorical data). Mutations were presumed to have arisen de novo if there was no parental history of diabetes but the mutation status of the parents had not been confirmed with a genetic test. HbA1c values are the results available closest to the time of the neurobehavioral assessment. DCCT, Diabetes Control and Complications Trial; IFCC, International Federation of Clinical Chemistry; N/A, not applicable; NK, not known; SU, sulfonylureas. ...
Brazelton realized that childrens behavior affects parents just as parents behavior affects children. It is a two-way street.
Results. The mean number of annual admissions to an NICU was 657, with 26% outborn infants. Fifty-three percent were ,2500 g BW, 20% were ,1500 g BW (VLBW), and 65% were preterm (,38 weeks gestational age [GA]). Only 2% of mothers received no prenatal care. Antenatal steroids were given to 58%, but there was wide variation in use (23%-76%). Congenital anomalies were present in 14%, and 4% were small for GA (less than the third percentile). Admission illness severity was lowest among infants 33 to 37 weeks of GA and correlated with risk of death. Ninety-six percent of patients survived until discharge, but fewer survived at lower GA. No infant ,22 weeks GA survived. Seven percent of infants had at least 1 episode of infection, but 75% received antibiotics in the NICU. Forty-three percent received respiratory support, and 14% received surfactant. Nitric oxide was given to 150 term infants and to 102 preterm infants. Selected outcomes of VLBW infants were: survival rate (87%); chronic lung ...
The present results show that infants in the stress condition persisted in performing an action they previously had carried out repeatedly, even after that action became ineffective and an alternative action was freely and saliently available. In fact, these infants increased the frequency with which they performed the habitual action relative to performing the nonhabitual action over time. In contrast, infants in the no-stress condition disengaged from executing the habitual action in favor of exploring an alternative action. Infants in the stress condition did not engage to a lesser degree with the buttons during the test nor learn the actions generally more slowly than did infants in the no-stress condition. Thus, the effect of stress on infants behavior was highly specific.. There are at least three explanations for the observed effect of stress on infants behavior that are not mutually exclusive. During the second phase of the instrumental learning task, two processes might occur ...
For all neonatal physical therapy procedures, the infants behavioral and physiological responses before, during, and after the procedure must be recorded, including the assessment and monitoring of pain. In the video linked with the article, the infant demonstrated behavioral signs of stress and likely discomfort (legs abruptly recoiling into flexion, tremor in arms). Methods for recognizing behavioral stress were not described, and body-positioning strategies (containment rolls or nesting) to support the infants extremities during the EFIT were not evident ...
Up to 96% of Australian women want to breastfeed at the time of the birth. Women want to breastfeed so much that not being able to do so affects their mental health. Yet multiple studies demonstrate serious gaps in health professional training in the two most common post-birth problems: breastfeeding difficulty and unsettled infant behaviour. Both increase a womans risk of postnatal depression and are linked with poorer infant outcomes.. Undiagnosed problems with the baby latching on to the breast and finding a stable position during breastfeeding (which I call fit and hold) can lead to a range of distressing infant behaviours. These include back arching, refusing or fussing at the breast, crying, poor weight gain and excessive night waking. These signs of positional instability are often thought to be signs of reflux and treated with acid medications. But evidence shows these medications dont help the problem.. Existing approaches used to support fit and hold, including letting the baby ...
How new social members are enculturated into the interactional practices of the society they grow up in is crucial to an understanding of social interaction, as well as to an understanding of the role of culture in childrens social-cognitive development. Modern theories of infant development (e.g., Bruner 1982, Elman et al 1996, Tomasello 1999, Masataka 2003) emphasize the influence of particular interactional practices in the childs developing communicative skills. But interactional practices with infants - behaviors like prompting, pointing, turn-taking routines, and interacting over objects - are culturally shaped by beliefs about what infants need and what they can understand; these practices therefore vary across cultures in both quantity and quality. What effect does this variation have on childrens communicative development? This article focuses on one aspect of cultural practice, the interactional organization of attention and how it is socialized in prelinguistic infants. It surveys ...
How new social members are enculturated into the interactional practices of the society they grow up in is crucial to an understanding of social interaction, as well as to an understanding of the role of culture in childrens social-cognitive development. Modern theories of infant development (e.g., Bruner 1982, Elman et al 1996, Tomasello 1999, Masataka 2003) emphasize the influence of particular interactional practices in the childs developing communicative skills. But interactional practices with infants - behaviors like prompting, pointing, turn-taking routines, and interacting over objects - are culturally shaped by beliefs about what infants need and what they can understand; these practices therefore vary across cultures in both quantity and quality. What effect does this variation have on childrens communicative development? This article focuses on one aspect of cultural practice, the interactional organization of attention and how it is socialized in prelinguistic infants. It surveys ...
Sexualized Behaviors and Sexual Behavior Problems Although sexually abused children do not exhibit more physical aggression than clinical controls, they are at significant risk for exhibiting sexual behaviors in general and for developing sexual behavior problems (SBPs). Kendall-Tackett and colleagues (1993) review demonstrated that sexually abused children showed significantly more sexual behavior than did the clinical comparison groups (six of eight studies). Sexual behavior was only one of two symptoms sexually abused children showed more consistently than nonabused clinical children; the other was PTSD. Feeding the child, protecting the child from harm) that sensitively and appropriately meets the childs needs helps ensure infant survival and that of the species, thereby conferring evolutionary value upon the attachment system. The caregivers behavior generates a feeling of security in the child. At first, the infants behaviors are not directed at a specific individual. Gradually, the ...
Usually last about 1.5 hours for the first visit and 1 hour for follow up visits. This is a full spectrum visit that includes all aspects of breastfeeding from basic latch techniques to bonding and infant behavior. After this consult you will have the confidence to know that your baby is getting fed well. In some cases, follow up is needed.. Initial Office Visit, 1 to 1.5 hours, $160. Follow Up Visit, 1 hour, $ 80. This consult includes the following; * Full history * focus assessment of mom and baby * Infant oral exam * Identify problems. IE, shallow latch, tongue tie, nipple issues. *Adjustment to position and latch; return demonstration as many times as needed until you feel you can do it on your own. * Infant weight and weight gain evaluation. * Weighted feed to determine how much milk baby is getting at breast. * nipple shield initiation, correct usage, or how to discontinue * Alternate feeding methods; SNS, finger feeding, paced bottle feeding. * Personalized feeding plan of care. * Infant ...
Laci Peterson Case Information: When: January 2004 January 2 Jim Brazelton and David Harris submit a written motion with the Stanislaus County Superior Court, asking that a judge reject Scott Petersons defense teams change-of-venue motion. The 20-page filing argues that any adverse publicity in the case is the fault of the Scott Peterson and…
Background:. Individuals with chronic illness often are at risk for developing neurobehavioral impairments due to effects of the disease and/or associated treatments.. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) Neurobehavioral Group has been collecting neurobehavioral data obtained from the longitudinal psychometric testing of infants, children, adolescents, and adults with various chronic illnesses enrolled on IRB-approved protocols at the NIH since the 1980 s, many of which are now closed. In addition, we continue to collect neurobehavioral data obtained from assessments of individuals enrolled on current IRB-approved protocols.. The neurobehavioral test data from these evaluations, as well as demographic information, medical values, neurologic findings, and neuroimaging abnormalities, are stored in the neuropsychological database currently located on the secure NIH mainframe computer system.. Investigating the neurobehavioral functioning of children with chronic illness is important for identifying ...
Early ChildhoodNeurobehavioral Assessmentfor theDifferential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndromeand Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder Bethesda Marriott Hotel Bethesda, Maryland March 8-10, 2000
We performed unilateral carotid artery occlusion on postnatal day 7-10 CD-1 mouse pups to create a neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) model ...
우리는 출생 후 하루에 일방적인 경 동맥 폐색을 수행 7-10 CD-1 신생아 hypoxic-허 혈 성 (HI) 모델을 만드는 새끼 마우스와 뇌 손상의 영향을 조사. 우리는 운영 되지 않은 정상 쥐에 비해 이러한 마우스...
This project compares: 1) traditional neurobehavioral assessment methods of measuring consciousness using the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised (CRS-R) and 2) family beliefs of the same with the novel neuroimaging techniques that we are developing. The development of our fMRI paradigms builds upon previous work in the field which assesses function of anatomically dissociable cognitive processes. By specifically engaging in one of these processes, we are investigating whether the resulting pattern of brain activity can confirm that the patient is able to understand and perform the task, verifying the ability to follow commands. By linking each process with a yes/no response, the pattern of activity associated with that cognitive process can act as a proxy for a yes/no response. For example, if the patient is told to look at the word Yes if the answer to a question (such as Is your name Jack?) is yes, then observation of a brain pattern associated with reading the word, Yes, (as opposed to other ...
Dr. T. Berry Brazelton is a specialist in Developmental Medicine at Boston Childrens Hospital and can be reached at 857-218-4352
BACKGROUND: Previous reports of variations in outcomes among neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) examined only specific subpopulations of interest (eg, very low birth weight [VLBW] infants ,1500 g of birth weight [BW]).. OBJECTIVES: We report on current practice and outcomes variations in a population-based national study of Canadian NICUs from January 8, 1996 to October 31, 1997.. METHOD: Information on 20 488 admissions to 17 tertiary level NICUs across Canada was prospectively collected by trained abstractors using a standard manual of operations and definitions. Data were verified and analyzed in concert with a steering committee comprising experienced researchers and neonatologists. Patient information included demographic information, antenatal history, mode of delivery, problems at delivery, status of infant and problems at birth, illness severity (Clinical Risk Index for Babies, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology, Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-Version II), therapeutic intensity ...
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The Mouse NeuroBehavior Core is fully equipped to test a wide range of behavioral phenotypes in mouse models of central nervous system diseases.
Dr. Tim Oberlander is a physician-scientist whose work bridges developmental neurosciences and community child health. As a clinician he manages pain in children with developmental disabilities. As a researcher, his primary interest has been in studying how early life experiences shape stress/pain and related neurobehavioral outcomes during childhood. Dr. Oberlanders work extends from molecular/genetic studies to population epidemiological studies that characterize neurodevelopmental pathways that reflect risk, resiliency and developmental plasticity. To this end, he has published pioneering studies on neurobehavioral outcomes in young children of depressed mothers who were treated with an SSRI antidepressant during pregnancy.. This work shows that the developing brain has a remarkable capacity for plasticity and recovery. Even in the face of adversity, some children do very well. The goal of Dr. Oberlanders work is to figure out how and why this happens.Outcome measures include studies of ...
Functional Behavioral Assessment: A functional behavioral assessment (FBA) is a process to identify the function of a students behavior. The information collected during the FBA process should be used to create effective behavior supports and plans.
TV programs even if they designed as an educational tool for babies have a potential negative impact and no positive effect on infants until they reach 2 years.
Bodily movements are an essential component of social interactions. However, the role of movement in early mother-infant interaction has received little attention in the research literature. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between automatically extracted motion features and interaction quality in mother-infant interactions at 4 and 13 months. The sample consisted of 19 mother-infant dyads at 4 months and 33 mother-infant dyads at 13 months. The coding system Coding Interactive Behavior (CIB) was used for rating the quality of the interactions. Kinetic energy of upper-body, arms and head motion was calculated and used as segmentation in order to extract coarse- and fine-grained motion features. Spearman correlations were conducted between the composites derived from the CIB and the coarse- and fine-grained motion features. At both 4 and 13 months, longer durations of maternal arm motion and infant upper-body motion were associated with more aversive interactions, i.e.
The objective of this study is to characterize development of certain physiological variables in infants (low and high risk for serious mental illness, i.e., schizophrenia).. We are collecting data on the development of several psychophysiological variables in infants will little to no genetic risk for schizophrenia, those with a parent with the disease, and infants prenatally exposed to nicotine. Currently, we are collecting evoked potentials to pairs of auditory clicks (p50) and to tones presented at varying intervals (MMN). We are also gathering information on infants abilities to detect patterns in the presentation of visual images using eye movements. Most of these studies are conducted with infants from 2 to 6 months of age. ...
OBJECTIVE: to assess pain in preterm newborns and to compare the neonatal and therapeutic variables with the total scores of the Neonatal Facial Coding System of preterm newborns submitted to arterial puncture exposed to music and 25% oral glucose. METHOD: a comparative study with 48 recordings of preterm newborns - Group 1, music (26); Group 2, glucose 25% (22) - individually analyzed by three trained nurses, after Kappa of at least 80%. RESULTS: the variables and the pain scores of the groups did not present statistical significance (p | 0.05) according to the Neonatal Facial Coding System. 80.8% of the preterm infants in Group 1 had a higher quantitative score |/= 3 in the neonatal variables (gender, type of delivery), and therapeutic variables (type of oxygen therapy, place of hospitalization, type of puncture). CONCLUSION: There was no difference when comparing the music and glucose 25% groups and the variables studied.
While the eradication of smallpox has long been documented, not many know the Chinese roots of this historic achievement. In this revelatory study, Mary Augusta Brazelton examines the PRCs public health campaigns of the 1950s to explain just how China managed to inoculate almost six hundred million people against this and other deadly diseases.. Mass Vaccination tells the story of the people, materials, and systems that built these campaigns, exposing how, by improving the nations health, the Chinese Communist Party quickly asserted itself in the daily lives of all citizens. This crusade had deep roots in the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, when researchers in Chinas southwest struggled to immunize as many people as possible, both in urban and rural areas. But its legacy was profound, providing a means for the state to develop new forms of control and of engagement. Brazelton considers the implications of vaccination policies for national governance, from rural health ...
The premature birth of an infant and the following neonatal intensive care cause psychological distress and can have a traumatizing effect on parents. The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment has the potential to exacerbate stress for parents of infants admitted to the NICU. Mothers have typically been found to have higher levels of distress than fathers and they experience significant levels of stress and depression in the early postpartum period. Maternal stress can have deleterious effects on mother-infant interaction, particularly on mothers abilities to form an attachment to their baby. Participating in infant care influences the maternal feelings in a positive direction. When the mother is nearby, breastfeeds and takes care of her childs daily care she has a feeling of participation. This situation creates a need for practices that support parents during the acute phase of their infants hospitalization in neonatal intensive care. The facilitation of maternal confidence and positive
Ainsworth herself was the first to find difficulties in fitting all infant behaviour into the three classifications used in her Baltimore study. Ainsworth and colleagues sometimes observed tense movements such as hunching the shoulders, putting the hands behind the neck and tensely cocking the head, and so on. It was our clear impression that such tension movements signified stress, both because they tended to occur chiefly in the separation episodes and because they tended to be prodromal to crying. Indeed, our hypothesis is that they occur when a child is attempting to control crying, for they tend to vanish if and when crying breaks through.[24] Such observations also appeared in the doctoral theses of Ainsworths students. Crittenden, for example, noted that one abused infant in her doctoral sample was classed as secure (B) by her undergraduate coders because her strange situation behaviour was without either avoidance or ambivalence, she did show stress-related stereotypic headcocking ...
NBASs Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Review is an effective tool for post-service NICU claims which frequently represent significant financial exposure. Through the review process, NBASs skilled registered nurses and panel of board certified physicians use multiple resources to determine if the care provided was medically necessary. NBAS also evaluates billed procedures, technology, and whether pharmacology may be considered experimental and/or investigational in nature and if duplicate charges, unbundled services and coding errors are present. NBAS validates that billed services and supplies were appropriate and essential for treatment based on nationally published and recognized criteria developed by the FDA, AMA, MCG (formerly Milliman), and other similar specialty organizations.. NICU CLAIM FACTS Over the past 25 years, preterm births have increased more than 35%. Today, about one preterm infant is born every minute in the United States. The per-case cost of NICU care is among the ...
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pain management presents a major challenge in neonatal care. Newborn infants who require medical treatment can undergo frequent invasive procedures during a critical period of neurodevelopment. However, adequate analgesic provision is infrequently and inconsistently provided for acute noxious procedures because of limited and conflicting evidence regarding analgesic efficacy and safety of most commonly used pharmacological agents. Here, we review recent advances in the measurement of infant pain and discuss clinical trials that assess the efficacy of pharmacological analgesia in infants. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently developed measures of noxious-evoked brain activity are sensitive to analgesic modulation, providing an objective quantitative outcome measure that can be used in clinical trials of analgesics. SUMMARY: Noxious stimulation evokes changes in activity across all levels of the infant nervous system, including reflex activity, altered brain activity and behaviour, and long
Metric qualities of the cognitive behavioral assessment for outcome evaluation to estimate psychological treatment effects Giorgio Bertolotti,1 Paolo Michielin,2 Giulio Vidotto,2 Ezio Sanavio,2 Gioia Bottesi,2 Ornella Bettinardi,3 Anna Maria Zotti4 1Psychology Unit, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Scientific Institute, Tradate, VA, 2Department of General Psychology, Padua University, Padova, 3Department of Mental Health and Addictive Behavior, AUSL Piacenza, Piacenza, 4Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS, Scientific Institute, Veruno, NO, Italy Background: Cognitive behavioral assessment for outcome evaluation was developed to evaluate psychological treatment interventions, especially for counseling and psychotherapy. It is made up of 80 items and five scales: anxiety, well-being, perception of positive change, depression, and psychological distress. The aim of the study was to present the metric qualities and to show validity and reliability of the five constructs of the questionnaire both
International researchers have urged greater use of simple neurobehavioral batteries in developing country settings where higher levels of exposure and a variety of cultural and demographic factors may both occur. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 144 farm members and 72 age and education frequency-matched controls from rural Ecuador,...
Analgesics/Anti-Inflammatory Agents: Analgesics work either by inhibiting the inflammatory processes or by altering the pain perception in the CNS. In all instances, a conservative approach to massage therapy should be utilized because information about tissue response, muscle guarding, and other signs will be altered in this patient population.24 In general, patient feedback about pain and depth of pressure may be misleading and potential for over treatment of massage therapy exists. It is best to schedule treatments toward the end of the dosing period, prior to the next dose, when the drug is at the lowest levels in the body to maximize the accuracy of feedback and to optimize the medical stability. Side effects of these agents commonly include dizziness, drowsiness, and postural hypotension, all which can be potentiated by massage therapy. Therefore, always determine the impact of massage therapy during future visits and adjust the treatment course accordingly.24 Some NSAIDS have ...
In Canada, unintentional injury represents the leading cause of death among young children. Infants remain particularly vulnerable as they are gaining access to hazards through increased mobility, yet unable to properly assess and avoid risk. The current study examined the rate and type of injury-risk behaviours, how these relate to injury-risk, and parent supervision patterns, with the focus on three stages of motor-development (sitting, crawling, and walking). Eighty-five parent-infant dyads were followed over the course of an average 6 months. Results found stability in infant risk-taking over development, with these rates predicting infant injury-risk across development. The majority of injury-risk behaviours occurred while infants were within view of supervisors but with infants out of reach about 55% of this time. The significance of these results for understanding infant injury-risk is discussed ...
Summary: Prior needed just nine minor league starts-striking out 79 in 51 innings-before reaching the big leagues, and the following year he was one of the best pitchers in the game. The rest of the story is well-documented. Brazelton is a simple bust, and never made any advancement from being a big guy who threw hard and changed speeds well. Karp was highly comparable to current Nationals prospect Garrett Mock, in that scouts never understood why a player with his size and stuff couldnt get minor league hitters out more consistently. Smith was a surprise at seven, though in Baltimores defense he arguably had more arm strength than any lefty available; its possible that he came in as damaged goods. Van Benschoten was also a surprise pick in the sense that he led Division I in home runs in his final year at Kent State, and many teams preferred him as a hitter. The choice to develop him on the mound looked like a good one before the shoulder problems, though he is pitching well at Triple-A this ...
If you are looking for a patient centric career, massage therapy is one field to consider. Learn common conditions that massage therapy can help.
In 1972 psychologist Ed Tronick first did the still-face experiment that forever changed our understanding of the parent-child bond and how our childhood experiences influence the success or failure of our adult relationships. Find out why 12 million people have found these two minutes life-changing. In the video, you will experience a healthy mother-child bond ...
Adults are not the only ones who can benefit from massage therapy. In between childhood and adulthood, teens experience massive changes on both a physiological
Massage therapy is the application of mechanical force to the body by various hand movements. The masseur strokes, kneads, compresses, and pounds
The foam-rolling technique, called self-myofascial release (SMR), works similar to massage therapy, only rather than a therapist applying manual press
My baby boy was born on 8th of March and will be 5 months old in 10 days. A month ago on 29th June, I weighed him using my home digital scale and he was 12.10 lbs. A week after that on 7th July, I took him for a vaccination and he was weighed at the clinic. His weight was still 12.10 lbs. The doctor said that hes small at 97th percentile but not to worry as hes otherwise developing well. Today, its 29th July, and Ive just weighed him again. He is still 12.10 lbs. Ive checked that
Medscape· 4 days ago. Better understanding of the short- and long-term implications of these effects on infants will be... ...
Assessment task - TDA 2.1 Child and young person development. Task 1 Links to learning outcome 1, assessment criteria 1.1 and 1.2 Produce a display to
Congratulations on your new baby and welcome to parenthood! Parenthood is not merely about having babies and fulfilling their basic needs, but also ensuring
The Shanghai consumer watchdog has launched an investigation into a company over its alleged involvement in the death of a 3-month-old infant.
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Totally unique to our course - you can take unlimited, 100 question, timed 2 hour exam that maps directly to the %s in the MBLEx Exam. There is no better way to get ready for the real thing. Questions are drawn from question banks with thousands of questions so you will never have the same exam ...
Facts about NMT What is massage therapy? Massage therapy spans a wide variety of therapeutic approaches, working to improve an individual?
This is a brief SPIRES-HEP entry in a non-core field (e.g. astro-ph or cond-mat eprints, certain non-HEP articles in traditionally HEP journals). The entry does not get proofread, and may also be incomplete*. It is included, however, because it is possibly of interest to our community. ...
The act of tipping is a fascinating phenomenon. More and more professions appreciate and even encourage tips. What about massage therapy?
Paard: paardenrassen Tips De Nederlandse Warmbloed Paard Zelfs vandaag de dag, de Nederlandse paarden blijven worden beïnvloed door ingevoerd bloed, maar de bijzondere kwaliteiten (temperament, aanpassingsvermogen en degelijkheid), die de Nederlandse warmbloed paard uniek heb
Hood, B. M.; Atkinson, J. (1993). "DISENGAGING VISUAL-ATTENTION IN THE INFANT AND ADULT". Infant Behavior & Development. 16 (4 ... Infant Behavior and Development. 31 (3): 333-351. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2007.12.003. PMID 18294695.. ... Disrupted attentional control has also been reported in infants born preterm,[21] as well as in infants with genetic disorders ... For example, a number of authors have looked at the relationship between an infants' capacity to exercise attentional control ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 9 (4): 441-460. doi:10.1016/0163-6383(86)90017-2.. ... Infants can remember the actions of sequences, the objects used to produce them, and the order in which the actions unfold, ... Hayne, H (2004). "Infant memory development: Implications for childhood amnesia". Developmental Review. 24: 33-73. CiteSeerX ... It has been suggested that differences in the emotions experienced by infants and adults may be a cause of childhood amnesia.[ ...
2018-12-30: Infant Behavior and Development. *2018-12-26: Genetics Selection Evolution ...
"Perhaps the most conspicuous characteristic of C2 infants is their passivity. Their exploratory behavior is limited throughout ... Attachment theory has become the dominant theory used today in the study of infant and toddler behavior and in the fields of ... Van IJzendoorn, M. H.; Kroonenberg, P. M. (1990). "Cross-cultural consistency of coding the strange situation". Infant Behavior ... 1978) coding of the Strange Situation, secure infants are denoted as "Group B" infants and they are further subclassified as B1 ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 1: 70-78. doi:10.1016/S0163-6383(78)80010-1. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) " ... Evidence for the same in premature infants or infants that are not healthy is lacking. It may have clinical benefits for ... Infants who use pacifiers may have more ear infections (otitis media). The effectiveness of avoiding the use of a pacifier to ... Researchers have found that use of a pacifier is associated with a substantial reduction in the risk of SIDS (sudden infant ...
... (clothing), infant sleeping bag. *The act of laying down a bunt, a type of offensive play in baseball ... Bunting (animal behavior). *Bunting (horse) (1961-1985/86), a Swedish horse which appeared in films ...
odd behaviors in infants. *Active surveillance of prostate cancer. *non-symptomatic kidney stones ...
The infant responds with smiles, laughs, and other affectionate responses. According to Watson, infants do not love specific ... Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. Henry Holt. *^ Watson, John B., and Rosalie Rayner. 1920. "Conditioned ... Infants and Children: Prenatal Through Middle Childhood. IL: Pearson Education. *^ O'Donnell, J. M. 1985. The Origins of ... Dissertation on animal behavior[edit]. Watson earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1903.[21] In his dissertation ...
This behavior is found in humans, and particularly in human infants. Another similarity found between chimpanzees and humans is ... Altruism is behavior that is aimed at benefitting another person, while egotism is a behavior that is acted out for personal ... For example, chimpanzees are known to spontaneously contribute comforting behaviors to victims of aggressive behavior in ... Infant Behavior & Development. 34 (3): 447-58. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2011.04.007. PMID 21600660. Baird JD, Nadel L (April 2010 ...
Infant Behavior & Development. 33 (1): 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.10.005. PMC 2819576. PMID 19962196. Laursen TM, Munk- ... Regarding gender of the child, many studies have suggested dissatisfaction in infant's gender (birth of a baby girl) is a risk ... Lau Y, Htun TP, Wong SN, Tam WS, Klainin-Yobas P (April 2017). "Therapist-Supported Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy ... Depressed mothers show greater neural activity in the right amygdala toward non-infant emotional cues as well as reduced ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 28 (3): 305-315. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2005.05.005. McManus C. "Right-Hand, Left-Hand official ... Infant Behavior & Development. 36 (2): 181-8. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2013.01.009. PMC 3615031. PMID 23454419. Banich M (1997). ... Infants have been observed to fluctuate heavily when choosing a hand to lead in grasping and object manipulation tasks, ... In the article they assessed 38 infants and followed them through to 12 months and then again once they became toddlers from 18 ...
Infant Behavior & Development. 30 (1): 36-49. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2006.11.002. ISSN 1934-8800. PMID 17292778. Lott, Bev (2019 ... Infants tend to adopt one of several strategies closely associated with stair descent: Scooting: where the infant sits on the ... By around 13 months, most infants could go upstairs and about half could ascend and descend stairs. Infants typically learned ... On average in this study, infants learned to crawl and cruise before learning to ascend stairs independently. Infants were able ...
It is a statewide system of early intervention services for infants and toddlers from birth to 36 months of age. This program ... Early Head Start demonstrated modest improvements in children's development and parent beliefs and behavior.[38] ... Infant stimulation (specialized instruction) in your home or community. *Physical, occupational and/or speech/language therapy ... Barnett, W. Steven; Hustedt, Jason T. (January-March 2005). "Head Start's Lasting Benefits". Infants & Young Children. 18 (1): ...
... type of error might be due to a failure in memory or the fact that infants usually tend to repeat a previous motor behavior.[1] ... Jean Piaget, the Swiss psychologist who first studied object permanence in infants, argued that it is one of an infant's most ... However, the reaction of infants that had not yet started developing object permanence was more oblivious. If an infant ... Novel behaviors are not yet imitated.[8]. *8-12 months: Coordination of Secondary Circular Reactions - This is deemed the most ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 8 (1): 65-77. doi:10.1016/S0163-6383(85)80017-5. Wilcox, Barbara M.; Clayton, Frances L. (1968 ... When studying both positive and negative behaviors, participants tend to recall more negative behaviors during a later memory ... there have been a small number of infant studies also suggesting negativity biases. Infants are thought to interpret ambiguous ... Voting behaviors have been shown to be more affected or motivated by negative information than positive: people tend to be more ...
Camras, L.A.; Sachs, V.B. (1991). "Social referencing and caretaker expressive behavior in a day care setting". Infant Behavior ... infants use the emotional cues of others to guide their behavior. Vocal cues are seen as more effective because infants are ... Briganti, Alicia M.; Cohen, L.B. (2011). "Examining the role of social cues in early word learning". Infant Behavior and ... Young infants rely on attentional cues while older infants rely more on social cues to help them learn things. However, it was ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 18: 79-85. doi:10.1016/0163-6383(95)90009-8. Morton, J.; Johnson, M.H. (1991). "CONSPEC and ... 1995) found that four-day-old neonates (infants) prefer to look at their mothers' faces rather than at a stranger's face. This ... Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurological development disorders characterized by repetitive behaviors and impaired ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 30 (3): 212-224. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2009.01.004. Suzuki, Atsunobu; Honma, Yoshiko; Suga, ...
She has conducted collaborative research with Roger Bakeman and others in which they monitored the behaviors of infants during ... Bakeman, R., & Adamson, L. B. (1984). Coordinating attention to people and objects in mother-infant and peer-infant interaction ... Bakeman, Roger; Adamson, Lauren B. (1984). "Coordinating Attention to People and Objects in Mother-Infant and Peer-Infant ... Bakeman, Roger; Adamson, Lauren B. (1986). "Infants' conventionalized acts: Gestures and words with mothers and peers". Infant ...
57-80, ISBN 978-0805840988 Weerth, C. d. (1998). Emotion-related behaviors in infants: A longitudinal study of patterns and ... One of these two infants was separated from her mother for ten days because the mother "was not up to it". This infant also ... Infant Behavior and Development. 25 (4): 375-398. doi:10.1016/S0163-6383(02)00141-8. v t e. ... She found correlations of behavior categories with the predicted regression periods for only one of the four infants. After ...
"Infant preferences for infant-directed versus noninfant-directed playsongs and lullabies". Infant Behavior and Development. 19 ... Infants exhibit a natural preference for infant-directed over non-infant-directed lullabies and their own mothers' voice over ... maintenance of infants' undivided attention, modulation of infants' arousal, and regulation of behavior. Perhaps one of the ... The live element of a slow, repetitive entrained rhythm can regulate sucking behavior. Infants have a natural tendency to ...
Meltzoff, A.; Keith Moore, M. (1994). "Imitation,Memory, and the Representation of Person". Infant Behavior and Development. 17 ... Therefore, they lead to the most stable CCCC, if they significantly reflect the population's behavior. The other stimuli in the ... This means that the manifold of human cultural behavior is ultimately explained by the manifold of domain-specific human ... There are forms of inter-individual transfer of behavior that blend reproduction and imitation to different extends. However, ...
The impact of depression chronicity and infant gender". Infant Behavior and Development. 28 (4): 407-417. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh. ... Infants with more motor experience have been shown to belly crawl and crawl sooner. Not all infants go through the stages of ... Infants begin with cooing and soft vowel sounds. Shortly after birth, this system is developed as the infants begin to ... Infants with smaller, slimmer, and more maturely proportionated builds tended to belly crawl and crawl earlier than the infants ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 28 (4): 492-502. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2005.06.002. Prior and Glaser p. Mercer (2006) p. Fonagy ... Infants become attached to adults who are sensitive and responsive in social interactions with the infant, and who remain as ... This makes it possible for an infant to interpret messages of calm or alarm from face or voice. At about eight months, infants ... Lieberman, A.F., Silverman, R., Pawl, J.H. (2000). Infant-parent psychotherapy. In C.H. Zeanah, Jr. (ed.) Handbook of infant ...
Infant Behavior and Development. 20 (2): 247-258. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(97)90026-6. Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Bornstein, ... She has served as an expert consultant on infant and child development for The New York Times, Discovery Channel, American Baby ... defined as the ability to perceive and infer infants' communicative intentions and respond to them appropriately, as a crucial ...
A psychophysical technique for use with human infants". Infant Behavior and Development. 2: 135-153. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(79) ... based on the infant's looking behavior. The smallest stripe width that elicits a reliable judgment of stripe location by the ... and it remained a theme of her research on infant vision, in which she sought to define the constraints imposed on infant ... She was a leader in the scientific study of infant visual development. Davida Young Teller was born in Yonkers, New York on ...
Kasari, Connie (1985-03-01). "Variability of Infant Social-Communicative Behavior in Caregiver-Infant Interactions. Final ... Her dissertation titled Mother-handicapped infant interactions: A comparison of caregiver and infant characteristics and other ... Infant Behavior and Development. 37 (4): 711-721. doi:10.1016/j.infbeh.2014.08.007. PMC 4355997. PMID 25260191. Faculty Page ... Kasari's research focuses on targeted interventions for early social communication development in at-risk infants, toddlers, ...
Stranger enters and gears behavior to that of infant. Second reunion episode: Parent enters, greets infant, and picks up infant ... Stranger's behavior is geared to that of infant. First reunion episode: Parent greets and comforts infant, then leaves again. ... Ainsworth herself was the first to find difficulties in fitting all infant behavior into the three classifications used in her ... This pervasive behavior, however, was the only clue to the extent of her stress." Drawing on records of behaviors discrepant ...
They survive solely on breast milk or formula.[12] Small amounts of pureed food are sometimes fed to young infants as young as ... McKenna, R. J. (1972). "Some Effects of Anxiety Level and Food Cues on the Eating Behavior of Obese and Normal Subjects: A ... Carlson, Neil (2010). Physiology of Behavior. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 412-426.. ... two or three months old, but most infants do not eat adult food until they are between six and eight months old. Young babies ...
"Immature siblings and mother-infant relationships among free-ranging rhesus monkeys on Cayo Santiago". Animal Behaviour. 44: ... Southwick, C., Beg, M., and R. Siddiqi (1965) "Rhesus Monkeys in North India." Primate Behavior: Field Studies of monkeys and ...
"Recommendations for Breastfeeding/Infant Feeding in the Context of Ebola". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 19 ... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ...
For this reason, it has been used as a model to study pathological conditions such as apnea of prematurity and sudden infant ... Plasticity of the mechanisms involved in respiratory behavior is modulated in part by the pre-Bötzinger complex. Disruption ... and ion currents that are controlled by changes in the behavior or environment of the organism. Under low levels of oxygen, the ... such as Rett syndrome and sudden infant death syndrome. Both the eupneic and the sigh rhythms involve activation of the ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... late weaning of infants, and a nomadic lifestyle.[3] Like contemporary hunter-gatherers, Paleolithic humans enjoyed an ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. Bednarik, began to engage in symbolic behavior such as art ...
Infant Mortality: From 97.70 to 29.40 in 2015. Child malnutrition: Stunting 37%, wasting 11%, and underweight 30% among child ... Karki, Yagya B.; Agrawal, Gajanand (May 2008). "Effects of Communication Campaigns on the Health Behavior of Women of ... In order to address under-nutrition problems in young children, the Government of Nepal (GoN) has implemented: a) Infant and ... It also includes management of infection, Jaundice, Hyperthermia and counseling on breastfeeding for young infants less than 2 ...
Acute pseudomembranous candidiasis occurs in about 5% of newborn infants. Candida species are acquired from the mother's ... most common opportunistic oral infection in humans with lesions only occurring when the environment favors pathogenic behavior ... It is classically an acute condition, appearing in infants, people taking antibiotics or immunosuppressant medications, or ... an infants antibodies to the fungus are normally supplied by the mother's breast milk. Other forms of immunodeficiency which ...
Umbilical cord blood is obtained when a mother donates her infant's umbilical cord and placenta after birth. Cord blood has a ... Post-HSCT oral cancer may have more aggressive behavior with poorer prognosis, when compared to oral cancer in non-HSCT ...
Approximately 50,000 years ago, the use of tools and complex set of behaviors emerged, believed by many archaeologists to be ... as infants no longer needed to be carried, as nomadic ones must. Additionally, children could contribute labor to the raising ... Brief report:predictors of heavy internet use and associations with health promoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ... Brief report:predictorsofheavyinternetuseandassociationswithhealthpromoting and health risk behaviors among Hong Kong ...
2001). "Growth and Development in the Normal Infant and Child, Table 7.1". Principles and Practice of Endocrinology and ... Evidence of Early Life Origins of Suicidal Behavior?". Retrieved 2014-02-25.. ...
Ernst E (2009). "Chiropractic spinal manipulation for infant colic: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials". Int J ... changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress reduction recommendations, ice pack/ ... Brand PL, Engelbert RH, Helders PJ, Offringa M (2005). "[Systematic review of the effects of therapy in infants with the KISS- ... in infants,[126][132] menstrual cramps,[133] insomnia,[134] postmenopausal symptoms,[134] or pelvic and back pain during ...
Behavior changesEdit. Despite the personality and behavior changes that occur in people with brain tumors, little research on ... Less commonly, and seen usually in infants, are teratomas and atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors.[65] Germ cell tumors, ... By behaviorEdit. Brain tumors or intracranial neoplasms can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). However, the ... Infiltration is the behavior of the tumor either to grow (microscopic) tentacles that push into the surrounding tissue (often ...
"t(11;22)(q23;q11.2) In acute myeloid leukemia of infant twins fuses MLL with hCDCrel, a cell division cycle gene in the ... adult behavior. • سلوك اجتماعي. • cytoskeleton-dependent cytokinesis. المصادر:Amigo / QuickGO. نمط التعبير عن الحمض النووي ...
"ADVS 3910 Wild Horses Behavior", College of Agriculture, Utah State University. *^ Freilich S, Hoelzel AR, Choudhury SR. " ... consanguineous parents possess a high risk of premature birth and producing underweight and undersized infants.[75] Viable ... Among mothers who experience stillbirths and early infant deaths, those that are inbreeding have a significantly higher chance ... "Consanguinity and recurrence risk of stillbirth and infant death". American Journal of Public Health. 89 (4): 517-23. doi ...
The most dangerous form of this is called classic PKU, which is common in infants. The baby seems normal at first but actually ... All of these morphological deviations influence the behavior and Metabolism of the mouse. For example, mice with the Mini ... HAO1 and BMP2 also display pleiotropic effects with commonly desired domestic chicken behavior; those chickens who express ... The blood of a two-week-old infant is collected for a PKU screening. ...
Infants born with intersex conditions might undergo interventions at or close to birth.[45] This is controversial because of ... Lawrence, A. A. (2005). "Sexuality before and after male-to-female sex reassignment surgery". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 34 ( ... Boyle, G.J.(2005). The scandal of genital mutilation surgery on infants (pp. 95-100). In L. May (Ed.), Transgenders and ... Main article: Sex assignment § Assignment in cases of infants with intersex traits, or cases of trauma ...
Case, Linda P. (2010). Canine and Feline Behavior and Training: A Complete Guide to Understanding our Two Best Friends: A ... In infants, some elderly individuals, and those with neurological injury, urination may occur as a reflex. It is normal for ... Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation - Google Books. 23 November 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2012.. ... Steven R. Lindsay (9 January 2008). Handbook of Applied Dog Behavior and Training, Procedures and Protocols. John Wiley & Sons ...
Failure rates of hardware products typically follow a "bathtub curve" with high failure rates at the beginning (infant ... which are population statistics that can not predict the behavior of an individual unit.[2] These are calculated by constantly ...
Infants in cardiac ICUsEdit. In studies on music therapy with infants in the cardiac intensive care unit, music therapy has ... overt behaviors like wandering and restlessness, reductions in agitated behaviors, and improvements to cognitive defects, ... Premature infantsEdit. Premature infants are those born at 37 weeks after conception or earlier. They are subject to numerous ... Parent-infant bonding: Therapists work with parents so they may perform infant-directed singing techniques, as well as home ...
Finally, a behavior's stability in animal culture depends on the context in which they learn a behavior. If a behavior has ... However a number of studies now report that infants as young as seven days can imitate simple facial expressions. By the latter ... To count acquired behavior as cultural, two conditions need must be met: the behavior must spread in a social group, and that ... The fact that the behavior is rewarding has a role in cultural stability as well. The ability for socially-learned behaviors to ...
Frequent human handling of the rat pups may cause their mother to exhibit more nurturant behavior, such as licking and grooming ... "Prenatal stress and cognitive development and temperament in infants". Neurobiology of Aging. 24 Suppl 1: S53-60, discussion ... Hormones and Behavior. 50 (5): 667-80. doi:10.1016/j.yhbeh.2006.06.015. PMID 16890940.. ... and behavior. Whereas maternal care improves cardiac response, sleep/wake rhythm, and growth hormone secretion in the neonate, ...
Hiday, VA (June 1995). "The social context of mental illness and violence.". Journal of health and social behavior 36 (2): 122- ... Olds, David L.; Sadler, Lois; Kitzman, Harriet (2007). "Programs for parents of infants and toddlers: Recent evidence from ... "Prevention of Mental Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Problem Behaviors: A Developmental Perspective. National Academies Press. ... "Journal of Mind and Behavior 15 (1-2): 55-70. ...
It was long assumed that iron deficiency anemia has marked effects on the flat bones of the cranium of infants and young ... Bioarchaeology: interpreting behavior from the human skeleton. Cambridge University Press. S. Mays, 1998. The archaeology of ... There are numerous researchers studying violence, exploring a range of different types of violent behavior among past human ... behavior, biological relatedness, and population history. It does not closely link skeletal remains to their archaeological ...
1998). "Newborn infants prefer attractive faces". Infant Behav. Dev.. 21: 345-354. doi:10.1016/s0163-6383(98)90011-x. Kramer, S ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 20: 295-307. doi:10.1016/s1090-5138(99)00014-8. Morris, M.R.; Casey, K. (1998). "Female swordtail ... Adults and infants organize and consolidate sensory information into categories (e.g. "trees", "chairs", "dogs", "automobiles ... Langlois, J.H.; Ritter, J.M.; Roggman, L.A.; Vaughn, L.S. (1991). "Facial diversity and infant preferences for attractive faces ...
It was in this spirit that Justice Berrewyk in 1302, ordered an infant to be brought before the court with a writ subpoena: " ... had been attached to writs used by the government to induce behavior as early as 1232. By 1350, the writ certis de causis (the ...
The records, in other words, tell us nothing about the kinds of behavior we might expect to find during the decades preceding ... a reference to the purported ritual murder of the infant Christopher of La Guardia, which was tried in court in 1491, and who ...
Scott, Michelle Pellissier (January 1998). "The ecology and behavior of burying beetles". Annual Review of Entomology. 43: 595- ... By counting numbers of live and dead mites that developed every 15 days and comparing this with his initial count on the infant ... he was able to estimate how long that infant was dead.[6] ...
Intersex infants and other issues[edit]. Female infants born with a 46,XX genotype but have genitalia affected by congenital ... Sexual behavior is another reason for clitoridectomies. Author Sarah Rodriguez stated that the history of medical textbooks has ... A lack of ambiguity of the genitalia is seen as necessary in the assignment of a sex to infants and therefore whether a child's ... In a clitoridectomy for intersex infants, the clitoris is often reduced instead of removed. The surgeon cuts the shaft of the ...
Imamura E (1997). "Phimosis of infants and young children in Japan". Acta Paediatr Jpn. 39 (4): 403-5. doi:10.1111/j.1442-200x. ... At the time, this led to the speculation that Guiteau's murderous behavior was due to phimosis-induced insanity.[42] ... Medical associations advise not to retract the foreskin of an infant, in order to prevent scarring.[12][13] Some argue that non ... While circumcision prevents phimosis, studies of the incidence of healthy infants circumcised for each prevented case of ...
BehaviorEdit. Like other primates, infants often cling to their mother's fur. ... Infant care by the mother is relatively prolonged compared to many other mammals, and in some cases, the infants cling to the ... Analyses of extinct adapiforms postcranial skeletons suggest a variety of locomotor behavior.[139] The European adapids Adapis ...
Child Behavior Checklist. CBCL/l1/2-5 - Child Behavior Checklist preschool version. CBCL/6-18 - Child Behavior Checklist school ... Infant Neuromotor Development and Childhood Problem Behavior. Fadila Serdarevic, Akhgar Ghassabian, Tamara van Batenburg-Eddes ... Infant Neuromotor Development and Childhood Problem Behavior Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Pediatrics ... Infant Neuromotor Development and Childhood Problem Behavior. Fadila Serdarevic, Akhgar Ghassabian, Tamara van Batenburg-Eddes ...
A randomized controlled trial shows that addressing the mother-infant interactions can reduce conflict and help toddlers attain ... "When the infants behavior is not affecting his or her health and growth, the priority is to work with the parents and child to ... Altering Parents Behavior Often the Key to Correcting Infant Feeding Disorders - Medscape - Nov 01, 2006. ... Chapoor is director of the infant psychiatry and eating disorders program at Childrens National Medical Center in Washington, ...
His lab conducted the chemical analyses of oxytocin and cortisol in the infant monkeys saliva for this NIH study, quantifying ... but the current study is the first to show that it may have the same effect in primate infants, including humans. ... Earlier research in adults has shown that oxytocin increases certain social behaviors, says behavioral endocrinologist Jerrold ... Oxytocin promotes social behavior in infant rhesus monkeys The hormone oxytocin appears to increase social behaviors in newborn ...
Bipolar Disorder; Infants; Schizophrenia; Smoking / Nicotine Specialty. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry; Obstetrics-Gynecology ... The objective of this study is to characterize development of certain physiological variables in infants (low and high risk for ... We are collecting data on the development of several psychophysiological variables in infants will little to no genetic risk ... Most of these studies are conducted with infants from 2 to 6 months of age. ...
Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging examines the neural signatures of restricted and repetitive behaviors in infancy ... The study divided the behaviors into three subcategories-restricted behaviors (e.g., limited interests), stereotyped behaviors ... Autism behaviors show unique brain network fingerprints in infants. A study in Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience ... The article is "Restricted and repetitive behavior and brain functional connectivity in infants at risk for developing autism ...
... infant behavior in term infants, and aberrant neurobehavior in preterm infants.19 We found altered methylation at CpG sites 7, ... Mother-infant interaction procedure. A, Infant when playing as normal. B, Mother when playing as normal. C, Infant during the ... Epigenetic Programming by Maternal Behavior in the Human Infant. Barry M. Lester, Elisabeth Conradt, Linda L. LaGasse, Edward Z ... Epigenetic Programming by Maternal Behavior in the Human Infant. Barry M. Lester, Elisabeth Conradt, Linda L. LaGasse, Edward Z ...
Infant Behavior and Development is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering developmental psychology in infants. ... "Infant Behavior and Development". 2017 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate Analytics. 2018. ...
... attention and social behavior, a new study finds. ... Video-based therapy administered to 7-10-month-old infants at ... "Video-based treatment may improve autism-related behavior in at-risk infants." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 25 Jan. ... Video-based therapy improved behavior of both infants and their parents. In this latest study, Prof. Green and his team ... On the AOSI scale, infants who received the intervention had lower scores for autism-related behavior than those who did not ...
Oxytocin Hormone Promotes Social Behavior in Infant Rhesus Monkeys NIH study suggests hormone may augment treatment for social ... In a within-subjects study with infant rhesus monkeys, where the infants served as their own controls interacting with a human ... "It was important to test whether oxytocin would promote social behaviors in infants in the same respects as it appears to ... The infant monkeys inhaled an aerosolized dose of oxytocin in one session, and a saline dose in the other. Each dose was ...
Review of Peg Perego Primo Viaggio Infant Car Seat2.rtf Peg Perego Primo Viaggio Infant Car Seat, Product Reviews, 0 replies ... Taxi/shuttle to JFK from LI with infant: Question about the infant seat, Long Island, 3 replies ... Infant doesnt need to be in the same room as you either because he is almost a year. Its different than if 5-6 weeks old... ... Currently, the infant is sleeping with me in a separate room on one bed. Dad and toddler in a separate room.. Reason: The ...
... forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), a well-established caregiver report measure of temperament for ... Using data from parents of 761 infants from 6 independent samples, short (91 items, 14 scales) and very short (37 items, 3 ... Development and assessment of short and very short forms of the infant behavior questionnaire-revised J Pers Assess. 2014;96(4 ... forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), a well-established caregiver report measure of temperament for ...
This signal may program the infants behavior and temperament according to expectations of available resources and discourages ... results suggest that the milk energy available soon after birth may be a nutritional cue that calibrates the infants behavior ... evidence that natural variation in available milk energy from the mother is associated with later variation in infant behavior ... Studying rhesus macaque monkeys, researchers have found "that a mothers milk sends a reliable signal to infants about their ...
... describes how existing infrared technology can be adapted to measure recognition memory and other cognitive outcomes in infants ... Typically, behavior studies on infants are carried out in the presence of trained examiners who need to decide where the babies ... Using infrared eye tracking to study infant behavior. by Ananya Sen, Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology ... The goals of the study were to characterize infant looking behavior measures including side preference, fixation duration, and ...
The hormone oxytocin appears to increase social behaviors in newborn rhesus monkeys, according to a study by researchers at the ... Oxytocin promotes social behavior in infant rhesus monkeys. by NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development ... "It was important to test whether oxytocin would promote social behaviors in infants in the same respects as it appears to ... This document is subject to copyright. Apart from ...
TODDLER SOCIOEMOTIONAL BEHAVIOR IN A NORTHERN PLAINS INDIAN TRIBE: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MATERNAL PSYCHOSOCIAL WELL-BEING. Infant ... Infant Mental Health Journal. Volume 35, Issue 1, pages 10-20, January/February 2014 ... TODDLER SOCIOEMOTIONAL BEHAVIOR IN A NORTHERN PLAINS INDIAN TRIBE: ASSOCIATIONS WITH MATERNAL PSYCHOSOCIAL WELL-BEING. ... Direct correspondence to: Karen Frankel, School of Medicine, Harris Program in Child Development and Infant Mental Health, ...
Serotonin transporter expression is predicted by early life stress and is associated with disinhibited behavior in infant ... Serotonin Transporter Expression is Predicted by Early Life Stress and is Associated with Disinhibited Behavior in Infant ... Serotonin Transporter Expression is Predicted by Early Life Stress and is Associated with Disinhibited Behavior in Infant ... Serotonin Transporter Expression is Predicted by Early Life Stress and is Associated with Disinhibited Behavior in Infant ...
Association Between Infants Regulatory Behaviors And Maternal Mental Health May Predict Unexplained Physical Symptoms In Older ... Association Between Infants Regulatory Behaviors And Maternal Mental Health May Predict Unexplained Physical Symptoms In Older ... "Association Between Infants Regulatory Behaviors And Maternal Mental Health May Predict Unexplained Physical Symptoms In Older ... Sciences, E. (2012, September 29). "Association Between Infants Regulatory Behaviors And Maternal Mental Health May Predict ...
Infant regulation of the vagal Brake predicts child behavior problems: A psychobiological model of social behavior. ... 1996). Infant regulation of the vagal Brake predicts child behavior problems: A psychobiological model of social behavior. ... Infant regulation of the vagal Brake predicts child behavior problems: A psychobiological model of social behavior ... Data from 24 infants are presented. The findings support the model and demonstrate that infants with difficulties in decreasing ...
... Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University, Graduate School ... Male mice display stereotyped behaviors towards pups that vary depending on their mating status: virgin males typically attack ... in order to better understand how this cell population regulates the many behaviors needed for pup-directed care. In addition, ...
Infant snub-nosed monkeys began to exhibit social play at 3 months of age, when ... We describe the development of social play behavior and assess factors influencing the development of play in infant Sichuan ... Play behavior in infant snub-nosed monkeys is influenced by environmental temperature. Males were observed to play more than ... We describe the development of social play behavior and assess factors influencing the development of play in infant Sichuan ...
Home Mental Health and Behavior Infants Sweat Response Predicts Aggressive Behavior as Toddlers ... Mental Health and Behavior. 03/22/2018 Mental Health and Behavior Antioxidants and amino acids could play role in the treatment ... They also collected data on their aggressive behaviors at age 3, as rated by the infants mothers. ... The results revealed that 1 year-old infants with lower SCA at rest and during the robot encounter were more physically and ...
Impact of Behavior Change Communications and Market-based Approach to Delivering Micronutrient Powders on Stunting, Infant ... This arm will have a behavior chance communications intervention to improve infant and young child feeding practices. The ... 1) Impact Evaluation of Behavior Change Communication and Micronutrient Supplementation Interventions on Infant and Young Child ... Large-Scale Behavior-Change Initiative for Infant and Young Child Feeding Advanced Language and Motor Development in a Cluster- ...
Originally Posted by gingertea If being a one-income family is in your plan, I have a few suggestions: Put her in charge of the household finances and
2 Comments on "Study Shows Chimps and Infants Want to Punish Antisocial Behavior" * Eric Berman , December 20, 2017 at 10:01 am ... Study Shows Chimps and Infants Want to Punish Antisocial Behavior TOPICS:AnthropologyBehavioral ScienceCognitive Science ... Primate behavior is reenacted precisely by a leader, almost like a predictable choreography, when he or, less often, she seizes ... Until now, it has been unclear as to when we develop the impulse to penalise this behavior - and whether this is an exclusively ...
No 2017:19: Auditing mothers: The effect of targeted alcohol prevention on infant Health and maternal behavior. ... wp2017-19-auditing-mothers-the-effect-of-targeted-alcohol-prevention-on-infant-health-and-maternal-behaviour.pdf Download ... of targeted preventive interventions for pregnant women with elevated alcohol risk on infant health and maternal behavior. The ...
Results revealed that the association between in utero IPV and infant internalizing behaviors was most pronounced for infants ... Exposure to intimate partner violence in utero and infant internalizing behaviors: Moderation by salivary cortisol-alpha ... HPA axis and SNS reactivity moderate relationship between IPV and infant internalizing behavior. ... Each mother completed questionnaires that assessed IPV experienced during pregnancy and also reported on her infants behavior ...
Results: Results showed stronger relations between maternal sensitivity and behavior problems for children with difficult ... and behavior problems in first grade. Method: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used in a series of ... plus infant temperament and the three parenting variables. Step #2 included a single interaction term, the interaction between ... and temperament as they affect teacher-reported externalizing behavior in first grade. Step #1 included family income-to-needs ...
New Research Finds No Evidence That Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines Affect Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Infant Primates ... New Research Finds No Evidence That Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines Affect Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Infant Primates". * ... New Research Finds No Evidence That Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines Affect Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Infant Primates. 26 ... Here no vaccines given to infants or to pregnant women contain thimerosal. And it has had no affect on autism rates. ...
Topic: Behavior change communication , Region: Global , Publisher Source: IYCN. Kenya Infant Feeding Assessment: Eastern and ... Topic: Behavior change communication, Infant feeding and HIV , Region: Global , Publisher Source: IYCN ... Topic: Agriculture and food security, Behavior change communication, Infant feeding and HIV, Maternal nutrition, Monitoring and ... This tool is designed to help programs monitor progress in achieving key behaviors related to infant and young child feeding. ...
Secrets of Baby Behavior Starting a new family can be a wonderful yet stressful experience. Newborns, and even older babies, ... Our "Baby Behavior" research has shown that caregivers need tools to deal with the normal crying that occurs in young babies. ... For more information about infant crying basics, click here. For tools to cope with crying, click here. Some babies cry more ... In a group of 587 postpartum women, infant crying was assessed at 5-6 weeks of age followed by a maternal depression assessment ...
  • The purpose of this study were to investigate (1) longitudinal influence of constant light in neonatal care unit to biological rhythm and behavior in childhood of preterm infants, and (2) devlopmental retardation of sleep-wake rhythm in preterm infants who admitted in neonatal care unit with constant light in the long term onward 44 corrected weeks. (
  • As results, 44 preterm infants caught up in a given postnatal period, to show no differences in sleep-wake rhythm, circadian rhythm of saliva cortisol, and behavior development in childhood, from 40 term infants in the same postnatal 2 to 4 year of age. (
  • We first found also that the 8 preterm infants in neonatal intensive care unit had significant smaller wakefulness time than 44 preterm infanrts who had discharged from there around 40 corrected weeks, and that they slept longer in day time than in night. (
  • Studies investigated typically developing full-term infants, preterm infants , and infants at risk for autism spectrum disorders . (
  • The results indicate there is high quality evidence that task-specific training improves object-directed manual behaviors in typically developing infants and preterm infants in the first 2-4 months of life . (
  • In order to describe spontaneous behavior before and after birth, we are going to dedicate the first experiment to code spontaneous motor activity in a group of fetuses and preterm infants at the same gestational age. (
  • To code behavior we adopted a new coding scale made by 21 behavioral motor patterns, deriving from the descriptive categories of behavior observed in fetuses, preterm and full-term infants. (
  • Comparison between preterm infants and fetuses at the same gestational age was allowed to understand the ontogeny of spontaneous motor activity, but it also helped us to highlight the differences in behavior from the prenatal period to postnatal life. (
  • Results suggest that we can find a modulation in behavior expression also during preterm development and that this modulation is functional to attention seeking and to nutrition. (
  • The third experiment compares behavior between full-term and preterm newborns at the same post-conceptional age. (
  • Thanks to these experiments we can confirm that our new behavioral motor patterns coding scale is sensitive to behavior exhibited by fetuses, preterm and full-term infants. (
  • At-risk infants (e.g., those born preterm) may display increasing central auditory processing disorders, negatively affecting early sensory-motor integration, and resulting in long-term consequences on gesturing, language development, and social communication. (
  • Additionally, according to Annie Bagnall, contributing author in the book 'Feeding and Nutrition in the Preterm Infant,' the epiglottis -- which closes off and protects the windpipe--is extremely close to your infant's soft palate--the flap of muscle located at the back of the roof of the mouth. (
  • Researchers, led by pediatrician Bonnie E. Stephens, MD, FAAP, and assistant professor of pediatrics at Brown University's Alpert School of Medicine, hypothesized that many formerly preterm infants who screen positive for ASD at 18 months do not have ASD but are having failing scores due to a cognitive or language delay, a common occurrence in 18-month-olds who had been born very prematurely. (
  • Children who had been born before 28 weeks' gestation were measured in three ways, one of which was designed specifically for use in high-risk populations, including preterm infants. (
  • [20] Disrupted attentional control has also been reported in infants born preterm , [21] as well as in infants with genetic disorders such as Down syndrome and Williams syndrome . (
  • The study's specialized developmental care model views the preterm infant as a fetus and attempts to reduce the discrepancy between the technological hospital environment and the mother's womb. (
  • Preterm infants will be compared to 30 healthy full term infants. (
  • Earlier research in adults has shown that oxytocin increases certain social behaviors, says behavioral endocrinologist Jerrold Meyer of UMass Amherst, but the current study is the first to show that it may have the same effect in primate infants, including humans. (
  • This partial replication of rodent work reveals that maternal care alters the human infant epigenome through behavioral programming and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress reactivity. (
  • 2 Critically, if the subsequent litters born to dams that display these different behaviors are switched at birth, the altered stress responsivity and behavioral conditioning has been shown to be dependent on maternal behavior. (
  • It was important to test whether oxytocin would promote social behaviors in infants in the same respects as it appears to promote social interaction among adults," said the study's first author, Elizabeth A. Simpson, Ph.D., postdoctoral fellow of the University of Parma, conducting research in the Comparative Behavioral Genetics Section of the NIH's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. (
  • We further probed the relationships among these factors and infant behavioral disinhibition within a stressful situation. (
  • At 90-120 days of age, infants underwent a 25-h maternal separation/biobehavioral assessment, which included standardized behavioral assessments and blood sampling. (
  • Charlotte Ulrikka Rask, MD, PhD, Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark, states, "Parents of infants with regulatory problems could be taught to help their infants regulate their behavioral and physiological state, which potentially could reduce the risk of later development of impairing FSS. (
  • The findings support the model and demonstrate that infants with difficulties in decreasing vagal tone during a social/attention task at 9 months of age had significantly more behavioral problems at 3 years of age. (
  • Previous research has found that ~30% of infants whose mothers received antidepressant treatment during pregnancy may demonstrate an array of behavioral and physiological signs of distress (e.g., irritability, poor feeding, and tremulousness). (
  • We used a standardized neurobehavioral assessment (called the NNNS: NICU Network Neurobehavioral Assessment), in which a trained observer spends 30-60 minutes testing the infants' reflexes, motor tone, and social and behavioral responses to various stimuli, and records behaviors that may indicate stress, such as hiccups, startles, tremors, or back arching. (
  • Q: How did postnatal behavioral outcomes vary in infants across the continuum of exposure in your study? (
  • Prof Vuillermina and his co-workers analyzed data from 213 mothers and 215 children participating in the Barwon Infant Study (BIS), and behavioral outcomes of the children were assessed at two years of age using the Childhood Behavior Checklist. (
  • Future researches should emphasize and focus on developing novel interventions to facilitate behavioral changes and provide a safe infant sleep environment. (
  • However, satisfaction with this achievement must be tempered because iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers is associated with long-lasting diminished mental, motor, and behavioral functioning. (
  • The association between iron deficiency anemia and diminished mental, motor, and behavioral development in infants is not a recent discovery. (
  • During a maternal/social separation, infants' blood was sampled and behavioral stress reactivity recorded. (
  • Higher 5-HTT CpG methylation, but not rh5-HTTLPR genotype, exacerbated the effects of early life stress on behavioral stress reactivity in infants. (
  • 10 There is further research to suggest that maternal oxytocin and behavior might influence infant oxytocin and behavior, suggesting that this bio behavioral feedback loop goes beyond the individual, and is expressed between individuals in the mother-infant dyad. (
  • The developmental specialists will observe the infant's behavior and use these observations to formulate descriptive neurobehavioral reports and suggestions, to structure caregiving procedures in coordination with the infant's sleep/wake cycle, and to maintain the infant's well-regulated behavioral balance. (
  • A treatment that focuses on helping toddlers with internal regulation of eating can decrease mother-toddler conflict and struggle for control during feeding and improve weight gain in such children," according to principal investigator Irene Chapoor, MD. Dr. Chapoor is director of the infant psychiatry and eating disorders program at Children's National Medical Center in Washington, DC. (
  • Few studies have managed to examine what is happening in the brain at this time because of the difficulty of using brain imaging techniques-such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)-with infants and toddlers. (
  • A new study has found that infants and toddlers from low-income families who attended a high-quality center-based early education program do better in language and social skills after only one year than children who do not attend the program. (
  • Researchers randomly assigned 239 infants and toddlers (ages 6 weeks to 19 months) from low-income families to attend or not attend Educare at five schools (in Chicago, Milwaukee, two schools in Omaha, and Tulsa). (
  • The findings from this study extend those of the Abecedarian Project and other research suggesting that starting a comprehensive early childhood education program early can improve the outcomes of infants and toddlers from low-income families. (
  • It has already been documented that smaller gaps between the births of siblings are associated with increased mortality of infants and toddlers, especially in environments where resources are scarce and where infectious disease rates are high, and Professor Haig believes that the benefits of delay are such that the selective forces are strong enough to have engendered a significant evolutionary response. (
  • The prevalence of nutritional iron deficiency anemia in infants and toddlers has declined dramatically since 1960. (
  • All infants and toddlers who did not receive primary prevention should be screened for iron deficiency. (
  • The nutritional content of the shop-bought products was compared with that of typical family home-made foods commonly given to infants and toddlers. (
  • The prevalence of excessive body weight in infants and toddlers, defined as weight for recumbent length at or above the 95th percentile on the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention sex specific growth charts, is approximately 8% in the United States (US) [ 1 ]. (
  • There is currently a lack of effective interventions targeting repetitive behaviors, and the specific neural correlates identified in this study could also be studied as potential targets for measuring response to future treatments," said Ms. McKinnon. (
  • Dr. Rask suggests, "Interventions should include strategies to improve maternal mental health and parents' ability to handle the infant's regulatory problems, as well as strategies that focus on infants who have multiple regulatory problems. (
  • For the evaluation of behavior change interventions only, the 20 clusters were randomized to 10 intensive and 10 non-intensive interventions areas. (
  • For a sub-study to evaluate a market-based model for delivering micronutrient powders (MNP) along with behavior change interventions, there was subsequent randomization to comparison area, MNP-only area, Behavior Change Communication (BCC)-only area and MNP+BCC areas. (
  • 24-48 months for child anthropometric outcomes (related to the behavior change interventions). (
  • This study examines the effects of targeted preventive interventions for pregnant women with elevated alcohol risk on infant health and maternal behavior. (
  • Summary: Analyzes behavior change interventions aiming to improve complementary feeding practices and children's nutritional status and provides. (
  • Behavior change interventions (BCIs) have been used to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices with varying success. (
  • Researchers have widely investigated how interventions by means of training can improve manual behaviors in infants . (
  • Exposure to large-scale social and behavior change communication interventions is associated with. (
  • Vaccinating infants against childhood communicable diseases is one of the most cost-effective public health interventions worldwide [ 1 ]. (
  • Roberts, Jane E. 2018-01-01 00:00:00 INTRODUCTIONAdaptive behavior facilitates independent functioning across a variety of daily contexts and responsibilities (Schalock et al. (
  • Only clinical trials that assessed the benefits of manual object-directed training in infants and were published up to February 2018, in English, were included. (
  • WASHINGTON, D.C., May 9, 2018 -- Sorry, new moms and dads -- even though your infants really do appreciate your squeaky coos, they would prefer to hear sounds from their peers -- other babies. (
  • At the 175th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, held May 7-11, 2018, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, Polka will present findings from a new line of research focusing on a neglected aspect of infant speech development: how babies perceive speech with infant vocal properties. (
  • NICOLE M MCDONALD (2015-11-16 to 2018-11-15) Infant Social Development: From Brain to Behavior. (
  • In the second experiment we investigate how appetite condition, as a primary motivational factor, modulates behavior in premature newborns. (
  • Surprisingly few studies, however, have investigated the associations between upper-limb movements and different auditory stimuli in newborns and young infants, infants born at risk for developmental disorders/delays in particular. (
  • In Infant development, as newborns progress in their development, many changes occur. (
  • By additionally creating a timeline on visual perception development in "normal" newborns and infants, research can shed some light on abnormalities that often arise and interfere with ideal sensory growth and change. (
  • 1 - 3 Problem behavior in children often coincides with early developmental problems. (
  • 5 These observations are in accordance with the notion that an association exists between early developmental problems and later problem behavior. (
  • Infant Behavior and Development is a quarterly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering developmental psychology in infants. (
  • Guided by the main tenets of contemporary models of the developmental origins of health and disease, this study evaluated whether individual differences in reactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) moderate the effect of prenatal exposure to trauma on internalizing and externalizing behaviors during infancy. (
  • Studies addressing infants with established diagnoses of developmental dysfunction are lacking. (
  • The relationship between stereotyped movements and self-injurious behavior in children with developmental or sensory disabilities. (
  • We hypothesized that longer and exclusive feeding at the breast only (ie, no formula, no feeding expressed milk) would be associated with the optimal cognitive developmental, executive function and eating behaviors, and expressed milk feeding would be associated with less optimal outcomes. (
  • During the past decades, most studies of typical upper-limb movement development have focused on the developmental processes of intentional, object-oriented (i.e., pre-, reaching/grasping) and/or social-oriented communicative behaviors (i.e., gestures/pointing) pre-dominantly in infants from 4 to 5 months of age and onward. (
  • "Our findings support the evidence from animal studies and suggest that there may be a developmental window during pregnancy where aspects of the maternal prenatal gut microbiota influence fetal brain development, and in turn, behavior in offspring," ​they added. (
  • Approximately one in 110 U.S. children has Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), a group of complex developmental brain disorders that affect behavior, social skills and communication. (
  • Sixty medically healthy infants born between 28 and 33 weeks' gestation will be randomly assigned to standard NICU care or specialized developmental care. (
  • This study is the first to investigate which patterns of brain functional connectivity underlie the emergence of these behaviors in infancy," said co-first author Claire McKinnon, a lab technician in the laboratory of John Pruett, MD, PhD, Washington University School of Medicine, a lead researcher of the study. (
  • Although the behaviors assessed in the study are important for typical development during infancy, increased prevalence of the behaviors at 12 months old is one of the earliest signs that an infant might later develop ASD. (
  • Functional connectivity correlates of repetitive behaviors observable in infancy could be candidates for biomarkers that predict features of ASD before a clinical diagnosis, which typically is only possible after 24 months," said Ms. McKinnon. (
  • Psychological scientist Stephanie van Goozen of Cardiff University and colleagues wanted to know whether the link between low SCA and aggressive behaviors could be observed even as early as infancy. (
  • The other measures taken at infancy - mothers' reports of their infants' temperament, for instance - did not predict aggression two years later. (
  • Information about the onset and patterns of risk behaviors associated with overweight and obesity during infancy are showcased in the link below. (
  • Visit the section titled Desired Behaviors to learn about how to promote healthy active living during infancy. (
  • Also available to inform your counseling is the Onset and Patterns of Risk Behaviors during Infancy Timeline located above this section. (
  • Moreover, if the research identifies face recognition problems that are present before age two, the findings could lead to earlier identification of infants at high risk of developing autism, and initiation of new types of treatment begun in infancy. (
  • The BSRC scientists have pooled their samples of high risk infant siblings of children with an autism diagnosis, who have been carefully monitored and assessed from infancy through early childhood. (
  • Infancy is regarded as a period of increased vulnerability to stress, but it is currently unknown how stress influences cognitive functioning in infants. (
  • The Oxford Handbook of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Sleep and Behavior provides a comprehensive and state-of-the-art review of current research and clinical developments in normal and disordered sleep from infancy through emerging adulthood. (
  • This signal may program the infant's behavior and temperament according to expectations of available resources and discourages temperaments that prove risky when food is scarce. (
  • Our results suggest that the milk energy available soon after birth may be a nutritional cue that calibrates the infant's behavior to environmental or maternal conditions. (
  • Each mother completed questionnaires that assessed IPV experienced during pregnancy and also reported on her infant's behavior problems. (
  • Many studies have investigated the relationship between various infant behaviors (e.g., sucking, visual fixation, head turning) and auditory stimuli, and established that human infants can be observed displaying couplings between action and environmental sensory stimulation already from just after birth, clearly indicating a propensity for intentional behavior. (
  • Electroencephalographic Findings and Clinical Behavior During Induction of Anesthesia With Sevoflurane in Human Infants: A Prospective Observational Study. (
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Electroencephalographic Findings and Clinical Behavior During Induction of Anesthesia With Sevoflurane in Human Infants: A Prospective Observational Study. (
  • Here we show experimentally that acute stress leads human infants to perform habitual behavior rigidly. (
  • Infant vision concerns the development of visual ability in human infants from birth through the first years of life. (
  • They also collected data on their aggressive behaviors at age 3, as rated by the infants' mothers. (
  • Please keep in mind, however, that the content of this course will cover all aspects of chimpanzee life, including scientific discussion of sexual and aggressive behaviors. (
  • Aggressive behaviors in early childhood are associated with multiple undesirable outcomes, including juvenile delinquency, academic failure, and substance abuse. (
  • This investigation employed a family study design to examine child, mother and sibling predictors of early-emerging aggressive behaviors. (
  • Measures included laboratory-assessed working memory and IC, parent-reported aggressive behaviors, as well as self-reported maternal depression symptoms and education. (
  • Results revealed that children showed substantial sibling similarity in aggressive behaviors. (
  • Using multilevel regression analyses, low child IC and greater maternal depression symptoms were associated with increased child aggressive behaviors. (
  • Child working memory, maternal education, and sibling IC did not uniquely predict child aggressive behaviors. (
  • Moderation analyses revealed an interaction between maternal depression symptoms and maternal education, such that the effect of depression symptoms on child aggressive behaviors was particularly evident amongst highly educated mothers. (
  • The current analysis moved beyond a main effects model of maternal depression and extended previous findings on the importance of child IC to aggressive behaviors by using a multiple-child-per-family framework. (
  • A promising direction for future research includes assessing whether efforts to increase child IC are successful in reducing child aggressive behaviors. (
  • In a community-based sample of twins, a modest association was reported between problem behavior and cognitive problems. (
  • The study contributes to the growing body of evidence that changes in brain function, that can be measured in infants and young children using resting state fMRI, can reflect emerging differences in cognition and behavior that are associated with the autism spectrum and seen in children at increased risk for the disorder," said Cameron Carter, MD, Editor of Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging . (
  • A new study from the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology describes how existing infrared technology can be adapted to measure recognition memory and other cognitive outcomes in infants. (
  • The study demonstrated that the eye tracking technology and computer-controlled stimulus presentation can be successfully used to automate assessments of infant looking behaviors to measure specific cognitive functions. (
  • The results also support the hypothesis that infants have side and stimulus preferences that affect their performance on specific cognitive outcomes . (
  • Researchers use infrared eye tracking technology to measure cognitive behavior. (
  • Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig discovered that even six-year-old children feel the need to reprimand antisocial behavior, and that they are willing to take risks and make an effort to be present when the 'guilty' one is punished. (
  • Study design The Moms2Moms cohort (Ohio, USA) reported infant feeding practices at 12 months postpartum and children's global cognitive ability, executive function, and eating behaviors at 6 years. (
  • Oxytocin plays an important role in early social, perceptual, & cognitive functions and even complex social behaviors also depend on the hormone. (
  • We investigated whether PPD was associated with infant social withdrawal during interaction with a tester in a psychological test situation and whether infant social withdrawal in the test situation mediated the association between PPD and infant cognitive scores reported in a previous study. (
  • We assessed infant social behavior and cognitive development with the Alarm Distress Baby Scale and the cognitive scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, third edition, at four months. (
  • More research is needed to shed light on the mechanisms through which PPD impacts infant cognitive development. (
  • Providing infants with a caring and stimulating environment is generally considered ideal for fostering cognitive development ( 10 ). (
  • The majority of these infants will develop psychomotor, cognitive, and attentional function deficits as well as emotional vulnerability and substandard school performance. (
  • AMHERST, Mass. - The hormone oxytocin appears to increase social behaviors in newborn rhesus monkeys, say researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the University of Parma, Italy, and the University of Massachusetts Amherst. (
  • Because of this, many researchers have suggested that oxytocin might be useful in treating conditions affecting social behavior such as autism spectrum disorders. (
  • In a within-subjects study with infant rhesus monkeys, where the infants served as their own controls interacting with a human caregiver while inhaling oxytocin and without it, the NIH researchers found that oxytocin increased two facial gestures associated with social interactions. (
  • Video-based therapy reduced autism-related behavior in infants at risk of autism, according to researchers. (
  • In 2012, for example, Medical News Today reported on a study published in the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry , in which researchers claimed a therapy called the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) could "normalize" the brain activity of infants aged 18-24 months who had autism, improving their communication and social skills. (
  • By observing the monkeys' ability to imitate the two gestures, the researchers sought to determine if oxytocin could promote social interaction through a gesture that was natural to them as well as through a gesture not part of their normal communication sequence.They tested the infants in the first week after birth. (
  • In accordance with prior studies, the researchers saw that the infants spent a longer time looking at novel stimuli, indicating that they prefer those images. (
  • thus allowing researchers in very different settings to test infants under similar conditions. (
  • Because of its possible involvement in social encounters, many researchers have suggested that oxytocin might be useful as a treatment for conditions affecting social behaviors, such as autism spectrum disorders. (
  • Working with infant rhesus monkeys , the NIH researchers found that oxytocin increased two facial gestures associated with social interactions- one used by the monkeys themselves in certain social situations, the other in imitation of their human caregivers. (
  • The researchers tested the infants in the first week after birth. (
  • To investigate this, the researchers attached recording electrodes to infants' feet at age 1 and measured their skin conductance at rest, in response to loud noises, and after encountering a scary remote-controlled robot. (
  • To investigate children's behavior the researchers used a puppet theatre in which two characters each behaved differently. (
  • Hewitson worked with a team of researchers at the Center on Human Development and Disability Infant Primate Research Laboratory and the Washington National Primate Research Center (WaNPRC) at the University of Washington, Seattle WA. (
  • A group of researchers had this same question and conducted a study to see whether or not maternal depression was associated with infant crying, specifically inconsolable crying, or "crying that cannot be soothed. (
  • Also, the researchers wanted to find out if substance abuse and other variables such as poor nutrition and demographic risk factors put a woman at risk for low birth -weight infants. (
  • Researchers at Penn State are using new statistical analysis methods to compare how we observe infants develop new skills with the unseen changes in electrical activity in the brain, or electroencephalography (EEG) power. (
  • The researchers also measured the infants' EEG at each visit. (
  • After analyzing the data, the researchers found that performance on the a-not-b task did indeed develop in bursts: with most of the infants, there wasn't a lot of development in the first or last months, but there was a big spike between seven and eleven months. (
  • Because the researchers analyzed each baby's personal development, in addition to taking an average of all the babies together, MacNeill said the results help shed some light on what's happening in the brain when infants are learning new skills. (
  • However, there was no evidence of a link between prenatal alpha diversity and externalizing behaviors, said the researchers. (
  • In the new study, the researchers considered if the link between the mother's microbiota and child behavior is mediated by the infant microbiota, but there was no evidence to support this, they said. (
  • The researchers focused on five models of infant physiological monitors introduced over the past two years, with names such as MonBaby, Baby Vida and Owlet, at costs ranging from $150 to $300. (
  • Furthermore, they are promoted for infants from the age of 4 months―an age when they should still be on an exclusive breast milk diet, say the researchers. (
  • Originally found to be of particular importance in birth and lactation, researchers have started to look at other, broader influences oxytocin may have on human behavior and relationships. (
  • Written by international experts in psychology and related disciplines from diverse fields of study and clinical backgrounds, this handbook is a comprehensive resource that will meet the needs of clinicians, researchers, and graduate students with an interest in the multidisciplinary and emerging field of child and adolescent sleep and behavior. (
  • In the University of Kansas study, researchers fed 122 term infants one of four formulas from birth to 12 months, three were given varying levels of two LCPUFAs (DHA and ARA) and one formula with no LCPUFA, and tested at four, six and nine months of age. (
  • None of the full-term infants in the study appeared to have any serious adverse events that could be attributed to medication or depression exposure. (
  • In this latest study, Prof. Green and his team investigated the effectiveness of early intervention with an adapted Video Interaction for Promoting Positive Parenting Programme (iBASIS-VIPP) for improving social interaction among young infants at high familial risk of autism. (
  • Others, mainly from a clinical perspective, have extensively studied spontaneous movement patterns (in fetuses, neonates, and young infants) referred to as general movements (GMs). (
  • [10] Other research has suggested, however, that even very young infants do have some capacity to exercise control over their allocation of attention, albeit in a much more limited sense. (
  • Our "Baby Behavior" research has shown that caregivers need tools to deal with the normal crying that occurs in young babies. (
  • Baby Behavior: Tools for Medical Professionals. (
  • Using data from parents of 761 infants from 6 independent samples, short (91 items, 14 scales) and very short (37 items, 3 broad scales) forms of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire-Revised (IBQ-R), a well-established caregiver report measure of temperament for infants aged 3 to 12 months, were developed. (
  • How does one's environment affect temperament and behavior? (
  • This is the first study for any mammal that presents evidence that natural variation in available milk energy from the mother is associated with later variation in infant behavior and temperament. (
  • Background: This study examines the differential susceptibility hypothesis as it pertains to relations between infant temperament, parenting, and behavior problems in first grade. (
  • Method: Data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care were used in a series of hierarchical regression analyses focused on interactions between three aspects of parenting (harshness, sensitivity, productive activity) and temperament as they affect teacher-reported externalizing behavior in first grade. (
  • Step #1 included family income-to-needs, maternal education, gender, life events, and amount of child care as control variables, plus infant temperament and the three parenting variables. (
  • In this study, we sought to investigate such differences in the processing of emotional faces by analyzing infants's cortical metabolic responses to face stimuli and examining whether individual differences in these responses might vary as a function of infant temperament. (
  • Temperament data were collected using the Revised Infant Behavior Questionnaire Short Form, which assesses the broad temperament factors of Surgency/Extraversion (S/E), Negative Emotionality (NE), and Orienting/Regulation (O/R). We observed that oxyhemoglobin (oxyHb) responses to happy face stimuli were negatively correlated with infant temperament factors in channels over the left prefrontal cortex (uncorrected for multiple comparisons). (
  • A 7-year-old boy presents to the busy ED in India with a 1-day history of abnormal behavior, generalized seizures, and altered sensorium. (
  • His lab conducted the chemical analyses of oxytocin and cortisol in the infant monkeys' saliva for this NIH study, quantifying how much of the hormone got into the animals' systems via inhalation. (
  • The objective of this study is to characterize development of certain physiological variables in infants (low and high risk for serious mental illness, i.e., schizophrenia). (
  • A new study has identified unique functional brain networks associated with characteristic behaviors of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 12- and 24-month old children at risk for developing ASD. (
  • The new study provides an important window into the brain during this critical time when brain circuits and ASD behaviors are developing. (
  • The study divided the behaviors into three subcategories-restricted behaviors (e.g., limited interests), stereotyped behaviors (e.g., repetitive movements), and ritualistic/sameness behaviors (e.g., resistance to change). (
  • A cohort study of term, healthy infants and their mothers who did ( n = 21) or did not ( n = 21) breastfeed for the first 5 months was used in this analysis. (
  • A new study published in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests video-based therapy may improve the engagement, attention and social behavior of infants at risk of autism and reduce their risk of developing the condition. (
  • The study "Characterization of performance on an automated visual recognition memory task in 7.5-month-old infants" was published in Neurotoxicology and Teratology . (
  • This is not a feasible method when you study infants. (
  • The goals of the study were to characterize infant looking behavior measures including side preference, fixation duration, and novelty preference using eye tracking and an automated version of an established technique that includes both human faces and geometric figures as stimuli. (
  • More than 300 infants, which are part of the ongoing Illinois Kids Development Study, were assessed using the automated technique. (
  • Although oxytocin has been shown to increase certain social behaviors in adults, before the current study it had not been shown to do so in primate infants of any species. (
  • The study authors wrote that rhesus mothers will engage in this facial gesture with their infants in the first month after giving birth. (
  • The present study investigated whether two types of early life stress, maternal and social aggression, and a serotonin transporter gene promoter polymorphism (rh5-HTTLPR) predicted lower post-stressor peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) 5-HTT expression in infant rhesus macaques. (
  • A new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics finds that infants with regulatory problems (i.e., feeding, sleeping, and tactile reactivity) and/or maternal psychiatric problems may have an increased risk of FSS in later childhood. (
  • The original anemia sub-study design had proposed surveying children 6.23.9 months of age for the MNP intervention in April-June 2013 and for the behavior change intervention in April-June 2014. (
  • Austin, Texas) - February 18, 2015 - A research study published today in Environmental Health Perspectives reported that vaccination of infant macaques with thimerosal-containing vaccines did not negatively impact neurodevelopment, cognition, or behavior. (
  • In this study animals received several pediatric vaccines containing thimerosal (a mercury-based preservative) in a schedule similar to that given to infants in the 1990s. (
  • Summary: This study was conducted in Eastern and Western Provinces, Kenya, in 2008 to assess the experiences of HIV-infected mothers and their infants during. (
  • This study found that mothers who felt unable to calm their infants (inconsolable crying) was more predictive of postpartum depression than total number of hours of crying. (
  • The title of this study is Health Behaviors as Mediators for the Effect of Partner Abuse on Infant Birth weight. (
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the role of substance abuse such as smoking, alcohol, drugs and weight gain of less than 15 pounds as possible factors that contribute to lower infant birth-weight. (
  • Many instances indicated that there was little correlation between abuse and low birth-weight infants despite the fact that the purpose of this study was to see if there was a correlation between these variables. (
  • Bell 2010) In this study, the association found was not specific to infants because the authors grouped together kids of all different ages. (
  • In a recent Australian study, providing education to parents of infants with parent-reported sleep "problems" at 7-8 months resulted in improved infant sleep organization but did not reduce obesity risk at age 6. (
  • We devised our own study, with a goal of measuring these infant behaviors with a standardized neurobehavioral exam over the first postnatal month. (
  • Four groups of infants were included in the study: exposure to SSRI-only, exposure to SSRI+benzodiazepine, exposure to maternal depression with no pharmacological treatment, and no exposure to maternal depression or psychotropics. (
  • To analyze the quality of scientific evidence considering the methodological quality and level of evidence by type of study in research on training of object-directed manual behaviors in infants in the first 18 months of life . (
  • The aim of this study is to observe spontaneous motor behavior from the beginning of movement during prenatal life. (
  • The study of spontaneous behavior allows us to understand the evolutionary trajectories of specific functions and to inquire into newborn well-being. (
  • Koraly Perez-Edgar, professor of psychology at Penn State, said the study -- published today (Jan. 17) in Child Development -- supports long-standing but untested beliefs about how infants develop. (
  • The current proposal is a multi-level (brain function and behavior), longitudinal neuroimaging study of 60 typically developing infants during a critical period in social development. (
  • In Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, CDC completed a study investigating the quality of stored water used for infant feeding and formula. (
  • Increased diversity of a mother's gut microbiota during the third trimester of pregnancy may influence a child's brain development and behavior, says a new study from Australia. (
  • The present study examines the relation between infants' temperaments and their neural responses to happy face stimuli. (
  • In this study we tested the co-evolution between infant carrying in the fur and manual grasping abilities in the context of food manipulation. (
  • This study clearly illustrates the potential novel insights that a behaviour (infant carrying) that has previously been largely ignored in the discussion of the evolution of primate manipulation can bring. (
  • 3 A study of middle-class nine- to 23-month-old infants in a private practice in Minneapolis found that a 7.6 percent prevalence of anemia between 1969 and 1973 decreased to a prevalence of 2.8 percent between 1982 and 1986. (
  • The recent study has shown the mother's behavior to have an influence on the molding of baby's oxytocin system. (
  • The scientists used saliva samples of both the mother and infants to study the control of the oxytocin receptor gene of the infant. (
  • Chimpanzees are one of our closest living relatives, yet almost nothing was known about their behavior in the wild until Jane Goodall started her groundbreaking study of the chimpanzees of Gombe, Tanzania in 1960. (
  • Yet the most commonly used commercial foods considered in this study supply no more energy than breast or formula milk"….while "the iron content of the majority of ready to eat infant foods is lower than [that of] infant formula," they explain. (
  • However, the study also found that a mother's bereavement during pregnancy doesn't affect the infant mortality rate. (
  • After adjusting for other factors, the risk of infant death during the newborn period (before one month) was more than 80 percent higher for women with preconception bereavement, the study found. (
  • This study emphasizes that the preconception period should not be overlooked when it comes to promoting infant health," she said. (
  • To determine which of these infants actually have ASD, a study that includes a formal diagnostic assessment on all children with a failed screen is needed. (
  • This study sought to investigate whether oxytocin might pay a role in facilitating the openness of the mother to the infant 'coming back in' after a break in interaction. (
  • For the purpose of this study, a 'break in interaction' was defined as the period during which the infant looked away from his or her mother. (
  • The aims of this study were to determine if maternal knowledge about infant activity and sleep changed over time and to evaluate maternal compliance rates with expert recommendations for infant sleep in a two-arm, randomized, controlled, comparative impact trial. (
  • Development of disruptive behaviors in young children: a prospective population‐based cohort study. (
  • In this study, we aimed to replicate the standard expert-defined call types of communicative vocal behavior in mice by using acoustic analysis to characterize USVs and a principled supervised learning setup. (
  • A follow-up study of attentional behavior in 6-year-old children exposed prenatally to marijuana, cigarettes, and alcohol. (
  • The findings help pinpoint brain regions involved in particular aspects of ASD and provide clues as to how the characteristic behaviors-known as restricted and repetitive behaviors-develop in the brain from an early age. (
  • However, we first need to improve our understanding of typical brain development to identify neural markers that predict individual differences in social behaviors. (
  • However, there are broad individual differences in such responses, so that the same emotional expression can elicit different brain responses in different infants. (
  • As early as 7 months of age, infants' brain responses to fearful faces versus happy faces are distinct, with greater attention allocated to fearful faces, even when the infants do not consciously perceive the faces ( Jessen and Grossmann, 2015 ). (
  • Home Brain & Behavior Can behavior be controlled by genes? (
  • Many parents may be wary of bringing an animal into their home with an infant, but pets are actually beneficial to infant's brain development. (
  • Environmental enrichment reduces these behaviors by normalizing the inflammation balance in the brain. (
  • Premature infants born between 28 and 33 weeks' gestation often have significant brain damage. (
  • Brain damage can be caused by the much greater stimulation the infant receives in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as compared to the mother's womb. (
  • Infants born at this transitional stage exhibit unexpectedly significant brain dysfunction as they develop and age. (
  • This means that even though an infant is able to focus on a clear image on the retina, the fovea and other visual parts of the brain are too immature to transmit a clear image. (
  • Attention is a measure of infants' visual tracking and following stimuli while awake, while habituation is a measure of infants' responses to stimuli while asleep with a decrease in response with repeated presentation. (
  • The aim of the present mini-review was to summarize and discuss studies on early auditory-motor integration, focusing particularly on upper-limb movements (one of the most crucial means to interact with the environment) in association with auditory stimuli, to develop further understanding of their significance with regard to early infant development. (
  • This means that most infants will look longer at patterned visual stimuli instead of a plain, pattern-less stimuli. (
  • When examining an infants preferred visual stimuli, it was found that one-month-old infants often gazed mostly at prominent, sharp features of an object - whether it is a strong defined curve or an edge. (
  • Additionally, infants starting from one month of age have been found to prefer visual stimuli that are in motion rather than stationary. (
  • Cortisol stress reactivity was measured in infant saliva by using a mother-infant interaction procedure and DNA methylation of an important regulatory region of the glucocorticoid receptor gene. (
  • Infant saliva samples (later assayed for cortisol and sAA) were collected before and after a frustrating task (i.e., arm restraint). (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes the harm racism causes to infants, children, adolescents, and their families. (
  • These findings show that it is possible to identify at-risk children long before problematic behavior is readily observable," van Goozen concludes. (
  • Neuroimaging may also offer a more sensitive method of predicting and assessing treatment response than focusing only on observable behavior. (
  • A mother might tickle her baby who shows pleasure by giggling and reaching for more, perpetuating the mother's behavior. (
  • Even if these consumer monitors prove to be accurate, said Bonafide, 'there is a serious question whether these are appropriate in monitoring healthy infants. (
  • We prospectively estimated their incidence in 54 otherwise neurologically healthy infants by obtaining the full-head video electroencephalogram (EEG). (
  • Open field, elevated plus maze, sucrose preference, and pain behaviors (paw withdrawal threshold, spontaneous guarding score, and cold response to acetone) were measured in rats that received infant spared nerve injury (SNI). (
  • ICV injection of MIN reduced anxiety- and depression-like behaviors without affecting pain behaviors. (
  • Finally, environmental enrichment improved anxiety- and depression-like behaviors, as well as pain behaviors. (
  • Peripheral nerve injury early in life often results in delayed onset of neuropathic pain behaviors starting from adolescence onward. (
  • This would enable us to characterize the course of behaviors during the postnatal period and to see if that course differed between infants exposed to antidepressants in utero compared with those whose mothers were depressed during pregnancy but chose not to take medication. (
  • Meyer, the UMass Amherst neuroscientist, calls the findings "exciting" because they not only support the idea that oxytocin may have a positive effect on social interaction among children on the autism spectrum, but because the newborn monkeys provide an informative, generalizable model for studying early neurobiology and social behavior during development. (
  • The limited use of high-quality communication behaviors in rehearsals raises concern about parental understanding, decision-making, and psychosocial outcomes after newborn screening. (
  • Newborn screening (NBS) is a population-scale public health program which includes testing of infants' blood specimens that are applied to a special filter paper, dried, and tested at a centralized laboratory for a panel of genetic and metabolic diseases [ 1 ]. (
  • From a physiological standpoint, newborn babies possess an innate survival mechanism, as demonstrated in the Infant Inititation of First Feeding video to the right. (
  • Vision, the newborn infant can see within a range of 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 centimeters). (
  • Taken after you deliver, this class with your new baby provides postpartum support for new parents and provides information on newborn behavior in the first few weeks of your infant's life. (
  • Three times a day, every other day, caregivers demonstrated the facial gestures in sequence to the infant monkeys while their recording their responses on video. (
  • The educational intervention assessed whether teaching formula-feeding caregivers about infant satiety cues would alter feeding practices and result in less weight gain. (
  • Thus, parents and caregivers of infants need to be educated about decreasing infant sedentary behavior, increasing infant unrestrained floor time, as well as age specific recommended amounts of sleep for infants. (
  • Thus, it is important for parents and caregivers to recognize the need to decrease sedentary behavior in infants and increase unrestrained floor time, especially in a prone position (e.g., tummy time). (
  • The oxytocin levels in the mother are found to have an impact on the child's behavior and also help mothers build a stronger bond with their baby. (
  • The unique associations between these networks and specific behaviors reinforces the subcategories, whereas overlapping associations indicate that some aspects of the behaviors may share common origins. (
  • Measurement of specific behaviors may help PCPs to improve communication, and thereby improve the patient experience. (
  • First author Elizabeth Simpson of the NIH's Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development says, "It was important to test whether oxytocin would promote social behaviors in infants in the same respects as it appears to promote social interaction among adults. (
  • These recordings are then shown to the parent and are used to help them learn and become accustomed to their child's social behavior. (
  • Fifty-three infants residing with mothers in large, complex social groups were observed over the first 12 postnatal weeks, during which time the rate of aggression received by the infant from their mothers and social group members was recorded. (
  • Based upon the proposed model, it was hypothesized that infants who had difficulties in regulating the vagal brake (i.e., decreasing cardiac vagal tone) during social/attention tasks would have difficulties developing appropriate social interactions requiring reciprocal engagement and disengagement strategies. (
  • Social play behavior in infant Sichuan snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana) in Qinling Mountains, China. (
  • Examination of the Safety of Pediatric Vaccine Schedules in a Non-Human Primate Model: Assessments of Neurodevelopment, Learning, and Social Behavior. (
  • This document summarizes IYCN's approach for developing, implementing, and monitoring social and behavior change communication activities in countries where. (
  • Using neuroimaging techniques to find biomarkers of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and related social difficulties will allow for earlier detection of risk: a critical component of identifying which infants need preventive treatment. (
  • Identified neural correlates of social stimui will then be applied to predict individual differences in key areas of social functioning in these same infants at 12 months. (
  • The pattern of conservation across species suggests that miRNAS, are important regulators of social behavior not just during the bee's lifetime but also over evolutionary time. (
  • We wondered if they weren't playing a role in regulating social behaviors," he says, "because recent studies have implicated them in complex nervous-system functions such as neurodevelopment, psychiatric disease, and circadian clocks. (
  • Interacting with pets can help infants build their social skills and learn appropriate behaviors. (
  • Dogs more so than cats can help infants pick up on important social cues and understand how expressions and emotions are displayed. (
  • The report, compiled by the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics, presents a comprehensive look at critical areas of child well-being, including economic security, health status, behavior, social environment, and education. (
  • Eighty-seven infant rhesus macaques (3-4 months of age) were either mother reared in large social groups (n = 70) or nursery reared (n = 17). (
  • If it is synchrony and social reward alone that corresponds to oxytocin release, then one would expect greater infant gaze to the mother to correspond to greater oxytocin concentration in the mother. (
  • Teen suicidal behavior can be traced to many reasons, including social, economic, family and individual risk factors, according to Diana Mahoney, writing for "Entrepreneur" magazine. (
  • Maternal postpartum depression (PPD) has been found to be related to infant social withdrawal during mother-infant interaction, and this may spill over on infant interactive behavior in other social contexts and impact infant psychosocial development. (
  • More symptoms of maternal depression were associated with more infant social withdrawal. (
  • Our results add to the existing literature on the effects of PPD on infant social behavior in other contexts than the one constituted by the mother. (
  • In Generation R, a population-based cohort in the Netherlands (2002-2006), trained research assistants evaluated the neuromotor development of 4006 infants aged 2 to 5 months by using an adapted version of Touwen's Neurodevelopmental Examination (tone, responses, and senses and other observations). (
  • Most of these studies are conducted with infants from 2 to 6 months of age. (
  • Home health nurses assessed infants 4 times before they were 10 months of age. (
  • We aimed to: 1) examine the extent to which caregiver capabilities are considered in research on complementary feeding BCIs in low- and middle-income countries, 2) describe IYCF trajectories from 0 to 11 months of age and explore caregiver decisions at critical IYCF junctures, and 3) examine the role of caregiver self-efficacy for complementary feeding as part of a program impact pathway to improved behaviors. (
  • Parents in the intervention group reported fewer infant sleep "problems" at 10 months (56% vs. 68%) and 12 months (39% vs. 55%) compared to control groups. (
  • Infants who had lower levels of occipital power at six months of age had faster increases in a-not-b performance over time. (
  • It was seen that most of the deaths occurred in male infants (57 percent) and in infants below the age of 4 months (71 percent). (
  • During the first few months of life, most infants breathe through their mouths only when crying. (
  • Around the age of 6 months, rapid physical growth moves the soft palate and epiglottis farther apart, which allows your infant more freedom to breathe through the mouth. (
  • Infants under the age of 6 months who avoid mouth breathing may experience breathing difficulty when suffering from these nasal problems, which often arise from common illnesses like colds. (
  • This review can be used as a guide for decision-making on stimulation or sensorimotor intervention strategies focused on manual behaviors in the first months of life. (
  • In the first year of life, measures to prevent iron deficiency include completely avoiding cow's milk, starting iron supplementation at four to six months of age in breastfed infants, and using iron-fortified formula when not breastfeeding. (
  • 1 It soon became standard to screen all infants between nine and 12 months of age for iron deficiency by screening for anemia. (
  • 201) were aimed at infants from the age of 4 months onwards. (
  • New research has found a link between an elevated infant death rate and mothers who are grieving over the death of a loved one in the months before conception. (
  • Infant and child mortality rates were compared for women with and without "maternal bereavement" - defined as the death of a parent, sibling, or previously born child - in the months before conception or during pregnancy. (
  • The results of the analysis showed increased mortality for infants born to mothers who experienced the death of a family member in the months before conception. (
  • The increases in infant mortality were significant only between zero and six months before conception, according to the analysis. (
  • The amount of crying in the first 3 months varies in a healthy infant, from 1 to 3 hours a day. (
  • The muscles that initiate movement start to strengthen from birth to 2 months, at which point infants have control of their eye. (
  • As the infant grows, the acuity reaches the healthy adult standard of 6/6 (20/20) at six months. (
  • Beginning at two months old, infants begin to direct their saccades to the interior of the object, but still focusing on strong features. (
  • Breastfeeding was associated with decreased DNA methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor promoter and decreased cortisol reactivity in 5-month-old infants. (
  • Exposure to intimate partner violence in utero and infant internalizing behaviors: Moderation by salivary cortisol-alpha amylase asymmetry. (
  • Results revealed that the association between in utero IPV and infant internalizing behaviors was most pronounced for infants with asymmetrical HPA-SNS (i.e., high-cortisol and low-sAA) reactivity to frustration, and least pronounced for infants with symmetrical HPA-SNS (i.e., low-cortisol and low-sAA or high-cortisol and high-sAA) reactivity to frustration. (
  • Higher levels of externalizing behavior, in contrast, were associated with higher levels of prenatal IPV but unrelated to either cortisol or sAA reactivity to stress. (
  • Spontaneous behavior is an activity endogenously generated by the CNS which reflects the state of neural development. (
  • Seven-month-old infants ( N = 24) were shown photographs of women portraying happy expressions, and neural activity was recorded using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). (
  • We report similar findings in human mothers and their infants. (
  • A possible link was noted in the late 1970s, 6 and subsequent studies of 12- to 23-month-old infants in the past two decades confirmed those findings. (
  • Usman et al [ 12 ] recently reported findings from a randomized controlled trial in urban Pakistan evaluating the effect of center-based education to mothers of infants presenting at primary healthcare centers for first dose of DPT vaccine. (
  • Prevalence and functions of stereotyped behaviors in nonhandicapped children in residential care. (
  • A high prevalence of iron deficiency anemia in U.S. infants was first widely noted in the 1930s. (
  • Objective To examine how expressed milk feeding diverges from feeding at the breast in its association with neurodevelopment and behavior. (
  • because they have a weaker fear response, they are more likely to engage in antisocial behavior. (
  • Identifying precursors of disorder in the context of typical development can inform the implementation of effective prevention programs and ulti-mately reduce the psychological and economic costs of antisocial behavior to society. (
  • Our results demonstrate that six-year-old children and even chimpanzees want to avenge antisocial behavior and that they feel an urge to watch it. (
  • Behaviors is sensitive to changes in physiological and motivational functions. (
  • But there is no evidence that these consumer infant physiological monitors are life-saving or even accurate, and these products may cause unnecessary fear, uncertainty and self-doubt in parents. (
  • She added, 'In the future, some physiological monitors may offer real benefits to vulnerable infants at home, but we have no evidence now that these devices are safe, accurate or effective. (
  • Serotonin transporter expression is predicted by early life stress and is associated with disinhibited behavior in infant rhesus macaques. (
  • We conclude that 5-HTT regulation is linked with specific, presumably stressful early experiences in infant rhesus macaques. (
  • We are also gathering information on infants' abilities to detect patterns in the presentation of visual images using eye movements. (
  • This thesis details the projection patterns of MPOA Gal+ neurons to known target sites, in order to better understand how this cell population regulates the many behaviors needed for pup-directed care. (
  • Topics discussed included normal infant sleep patterns and sleep problems and potential causes. (
  • The class includes feeding cues for breast and bottle feeding, infant sleep patterns, comforting a crying infant, information about returning to work, continued support for breastfeeding moms, pumping techniques, and storage of breast milk. (
  • Summary of test patterns in institutionalized infants. (
  • It offers full-day, year-round comprehensive services, including enriching educational experiences, in infant-toddler classrooms of 8 children and 3 adults. (
  • Only 25 percent of the infants were found to sleep on their back or in a crib while64 percent of the infants shared the sleeping space and nearly half of these infants shared the sleeping surface with adults. (
  • Studies with adults have revealed that stress promotes rigid habitual behavior at the cost of flexible behavior. (
  • Lower levels of sweat, as measured by skin conductance activity (SCA), have been linked with conduct disorder and aggressive behavior in children and adolescents. (
  • Typically, behavior studies on infants are carried out in the presence of trained examiners who need to decide where the babies are looking. (
  • Male mice display stereotyped behaviors towards pups that vary depending on their mating status: virgin males typically attack pups, while sexually experienced males display parental care. (
  • Measures of adaptive behavior typically include the areas of communication, daily living, and socialization. (
  • Although typically infrequent, mouth breathing plays a key role in helping keep your infant alive and healthy. (
  • Because recent studies have suggested that eating and sleeping problems during early childhood may be risk factors for mood and anxiety disorders and FSS (e.g., recurrent abdominal pain) later in life, early intervention is important for both parents and infants. (
  • Infant feeding practices will be assessed using before-after intervention-comparison area group differences between 2010, and 2013 and 2014. (
  • Implementation and effectiveness of a home-based early intervention program for blind infants and preschoolers. (
  • The intervention did not change bottle-feeding behaviors, and infant growth in the intervention group was greater than that in the control group. (
  • This randomized, controlled trial was conducted to assess the impact of a low-literacy immunization promotion educational intervention for mothers living in low-income communities of Karachi on infant immunization completion rates. (
  • Three hundred and sixty-six mother-infant pairs, with infants aged ≤ 6 weeks, were enrolled and randomized into either the intervention or control arm between August - November 2008. (
  • At 4 month assessment, among 179 mother-infant pairs in the intervention group, 129 (72.1%) had received all 3 doses of DPT/Hepatitis B vaccine, whereas in the control group 92/178 (51.7%) had received all 3 doses. (
  • The infant monkeys inhaled an aerosolized dose of oxytocin in one session, and a saline dose in the other. (
  • According to Tobias Grossmann from the Max Planck Institute and Jessica Connelly and Kathleen Krol from the University of Virginia, the development of oxytocin system in a child is found to rely on the mothers' behavior. (
  • Animal models have found that oxytocin plays a role in a wide range of maternal behaviors and in the quality of maternal caregiving. (
  • Studies are now looking at whether oxytocin might share a relationship with human maternal and infant behavior as well. (
  • In human studies, oxytocin has been found to correspond to increased gaze, touch and positive affect in mothers towards their own infants. (
  • The general view of those researching oxytocin's potential role in maternal and infant relationships suggest that oxytocin supports mutual reward and synchrony. (
  • Mothers and infants who share similar oxytocin response to interaction appear to share greater synchrony in those interactions, such as greater mutual gaze, and greater mutual positive affect. (
  • Whilst some studies have speculated that oxytocin might support maternal caregiving behavior and thereby support the development of infant attachment security, none have explored specific infant behaviors that might influence maternal oxytocin response and maternal behavior. (
  • I was interested to know whether infant eye gaze away from the mother, or eye gaze directed to the mother, would correspond to increased maternal oxytocin. (
  • Some of these signs were similar to infants who show withdrawal behaviors after in utero opiate exposure, so it was suggested that these infants were experiencing withdrawal from the antidepressants medication. (
  • They found that infants who were fed fortified formula were more cognitively advanced and their heart rates were lower than infants who were fed formula without LCPUFA. (
  • Similar to physical activity, sleep is a basic requirement for healthy development in infants. (
  • [9] This is shown, for example, in the phenomenon of 'sticky fixation', whereby infants are incapable of disengaging their attention from a particularly salient target. (
  • Scientists from the Smithsonian Institution and the University of California, Davis are using this natural variation in breast milk quality and quantity to show that a mother's milk sends a reliable signal to infants about their environment. (
  • HIV-infected mothers in the developing world are increasingly choosing to feed their infants with formula instead of breast milk to reduce the risk of HIV transmission from mother to infant through breast milk. (
  • Haig also points out that while less frequent night waking in formula-fed infants is usually explained by the fact that formula is harder to digest, and therefore more soporific, than breast milk, infants who were breastfed but were not nursed during the night slept longer than breastfed infants who were nursed at night. (