Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.
The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.
The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.
The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.
A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.
The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.
Financial support of research activities.
The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
The aggregate business enterprise of building.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.
The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Supplies used in building.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing books. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.
The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.
Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.
Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.
The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.
Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.
A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.
AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain silicon as an integral part of the molecule.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.
Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.
Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.
Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.
The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.
The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.
A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.
The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.
The application of knowledge to the food industry.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.
Organized groups of users of goods and services.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.
Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.
Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.
Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.
Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.
Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.
Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.
The contamination of indoor air.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.
All organized methods of funding.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.
The combining of administrative and organizational resources of two or more health care facilities.
The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.
An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.
Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.
The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.
Long, pliable, cohesive natural or manufactured filaments of various lengths. They form the structure of some minerals. The medical significance lies in their potential ability to cause various types of PNEUMOCONIOSIS (e.g., ASBESTOSIS) after occupational or environmental exposure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p708)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)
A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.

Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. (1/1312)

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis.  (+info)

Decolorization and detoxification of extraction-stage effluent from chlorine bleaching of kraft pulp by Rhizopus oryzae. (2/1312)

Rhizopus oryzae, a zygomycete, was found to decolorize, dechlorinate, and detoxify bleach plant effluent at lower cosubstrate concentrations than the basidiomycetes previously investigated. With glucose at 1 g/liter, this fungus removed 92 to 95% of the color, 50% of the chemical oxygen demand, 72% of the adsorbable organic halide, and 37% of the extractable organic halide in 24 h at temperatures of 25 to 45 degrees C and a pH of 3 to 5. Even without added cosubstrate the fungus removed up to 78% of the color. Monomeric chlorinated aromatic compounds were removed almost completely, and toxicity to zebra fish was eliminated. The fungal mycelium could be immobilized in polyurethane foam and used repeatedly to treat batches of effluent. The residue after treatment was not further improved by exposure to fresh R. oryzae mycelium.  (+info)

An epidemiological study on the association between the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts, and risk factors of ischemic heart disease by smoking status in Japanese factory workers. (3/1312)

Several epidemiologic studies have shown the association between total leukocyte count and the risk of developing myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts and risk factors of ischemic heart disease in 1,384 Japanese factory workers. Total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were significantly higher in current smokers than in non-smokers. Among current smokers, the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were positively associated with the number of cigarettes smoked daily and the duration of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. Being independent of smoking habit, the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were also related to several characteristics recorded at the physical examinations. The total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were positively associated with serum total cholesterol, serum triglyceride and hematocrit levels, and inversely associated with the serum HDL-cholesterol level. No significant associations of the total leukocyte or neutrophil counts were found with the red blood cell count and hemoglobin level. These results suggest that the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts may represent the metabolic condition with a high coronary risk among apparently healthy people.  (+info)

The contribution of acute toxicity in animals to occupational exposure limits of chemical substances. (4/1312)

The correlations of lethal doses of various industrial chemicals for rats and mice with occupational exposure limit values were investigated. 50% lethal dose (LD50) values obtained by oral (p.o.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and 50% lethal concentration (LC50) values obtained by inhalation exposure were collected from Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS). Threshold Limit Value (Time-Weighted Average) (TLVs-TWA) and Threshold Limit Value (Short Term Exposure Limit) (TLVs-STEL) recommended by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) were used as exposure limits. TLVs-TWA or TLVs-STEL and LD50 or LC50 values obtained for the rats were plotted on logarithmic scales on the ordinate and abscissa, respectively. High correlations were obtained between these parameters. The order of correlations was: TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s > TLVs-TWA vs. LC50s > TLVs-TWA vs. LD50s i.p. > TLVs vs. LD50s p.o. The same calculations for the relationship between TLVs and lethal doses in mice were also performed. The order of the three types of correlations was same as that of the rats; however, correlation coefficients for TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s and for TLVs-TWA vs. LC50s obtained in mice were smaller than those in rats. TLVs-TWA are, therefore, well correlated with LC50 values rather than LD50 values, particularly with those in rats. High correlations between TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s were also obtained, as had been expected before calculation. The equation: TLV-TWA = 10b x (LC50)a can be obtained from these plottings, where the values a and b are taken from each linear regression line. TLV-TWA for each chemical can be calculated by using LC50 and the equation. The upper and lower 95% confidence limits for calculated TLV-TWA were TLV-TWA (calculated from LC50) x 22.9 and TLV-TWA (calculated)/22.9, respectively, where LC50 for rats expressed in ppm x hr was used.  (+info)

Effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions in engineers in an electronics manufacturing company. (5/1312)

A field survey of 147 engineers (23-49 years) in an electronics manufacturing company was conducted to investigate the effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions (urinary catecholamines, heart rate variability and blood pressure). The subjects were divided into 3 groups by age: 23-29 (n = 49), 30-39 (n = 74) and 40-49 (n = 24) year groups. Subjects in each age group were further divided into shorter (SWH) and longer (LWH) working hour subgroups according to the median of weekly working hours. In the 30-39 year group, urinary noradrenaline in the afternoon for LWH was significantly lower than that for SWH and a similar tendency was found in the LF/HF ratio of heart rate variability at rest. Because these two autonomic nervous indices are related to sympathetic nervous activity, the findings suggested that sympathetic nervous activity for LWH was lower than that for SWH in the 30-39 year group. Furthermore, there were significant relationships both between long working hours and short sleeping hours, and between short sleeping hours and high complaint rates of "drowsiness and dullness" in the morning in this age group. Summarizing these results, it appeared that long working hours might lower sympathetic nervous activity due to chronic sleep deprivation.  (+info)

The present state and future prospects of occupational health in Bangladesh. (6/1312)

Bangladesh is a relatively young and developing country. At the present time, like in most developing countries, a clear demarcation between occupational health care and general medical care is difficult to be recognized in Bangladesh. Occupational health is a fairly new field, as the country is undergoing industrialization and occupational health activities are operated by several ministries, such as Labour, Health, Industry and Transport. Legal foundations of the occupational health-care system based on British India and Pakistani era, were adopted and amended by the Government of Bangladesh after the liberation of the country in 1971. Most of the Labour laws have been rectified by the Government of Bangladesh according to the ILO Conventions. Reconsideration of the occupational health service system avoiding duplication for the 'occupational health' component in several ministries might be helpful to achieve the successful provision of an occupational health service in the developing Bangladesh.  (+info)

Water pollution and human health in China. (7/1312)

China's extraordinary economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization, coupled with inadequate investment in basic water supply and treatment infrastructure, have resulted in widespread water pollution. In China today approximately 700 million people--over half the population--consume drinking water contaminated with levels of animal and human excreta that exceed maximum permissible levels by as much as 86% in rural areas and 28% in urban areas. By the year 2000, the volume of wastewater produced could double from 1990 levels to almost 78 billion tons. These are alarming trends with potentially serious consequences for human health. This paper reviews and analyzes recent Chinese reports on public health and water resources to shed light on what recent trends imply for China's environmental risk transition. This paper has two major conclusions. First, the critical deficits in basic water supply and sewage treatment infrastructure have increased the risk of exposure to infectious and parasitic disease and to a growing volume of industrial chemicals, heavy metals, and algal toxins. Second, the lack of coordination between environmental and public health objectives, a complex and fragmented system to manage water resources, and the general treatment of water as a common property resource mean that the water quality and quantity problems observed as well as the health threats identified are likely to become more acute.  (+info)

La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry. (8/1312)

For nearly 200 years since their discovery in 1756, geologists considered the zeolite minerals to occur as fairly large crystals in the vugs and cavities of basalts and other traprock formations. Here, they were prized by mineral collectors, but their small abundance and polymineralic nature defied commercial exploitation. As the synthetic zeolite (molecular sieve) business began to take hold in the late 1950s, huge beds of zeolite-rich sediments, formed by the alteration of volcanic ash (glass) in lake and marine waters, were discovered in the western United States and elsewhere in the world. These beds were found to contain as much as 95% of a single zeolite; they were generally flat-lying and easily mined by surface methods. The properties of these low-cost natural materials mimicked those of many of their synthetic counterparts, and considerable effort has made since that time to develop applications for them based on their unique adsorption, cation-exchange, dehydration-rehydration, and catalytic properties. Natural zeolites (i.e., those found in volcanogenic sedimentary rocks) have been and are being used as building stone, as lightweight aggregate and pozzolans in cements and concretes, as filler in paper, in the take-up of Cs and Sr from nuclear waste and fallout, as soil amendments in agronomy and horticulture, in the removal of ammonia from municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste and drinking waters, as energy exchangers in solar refrigerators, as dietary supplements in animal diets, as consumer deodorizers, in pet litters, in taking up ammonia from animal manures, and as ammonia filters in kidney-dialysis units. From their use in construction during Roman times, to their role as hydroponic (zeoponic) substrate for growing plants on space missions, to their recent success in the healing of cuts and wounds, natural zeolites are now considered to be full-fledged mineral commodities, the use of which promise to expand even more in the future.  (+info)

Downloadable! Energy is far and wide regarded as a driving force behind manufacturing sector production. However, energy intensity is a measure of how efficiently energy is used in the manufacturing sector. This makes it crucial to examine energy efficiency and manufacturing sector performance in Nigeria from 1986-2017. Time series secondary data sourced from CBN Statistical Bulletin and International Energy Agency on manufacturing sector contribution to GDP as proxy for manufacturing sector performance was used as dependent variable, while energy efficiency proxy by energy intensity with labour and capital intensity as the independent variables. The study employed estimation techniques of ADF unit root test, Johansen co-integration test and Error Correction Model. The results based on Error Correction Model revealed that 65% of the deviation in the variables employed in the study would be restored in one year. It was also revealed that energy intensity, labour intensity and capital intensity had
President Yoweri Museveni has dedicated the new year of 2017 as a period when the government will launch massive industrialisation of the country focusing on import substitution and export promotion.. In his new year message to the nation that he gave today at his country home in Rwakitura, Nyabushozi county in Kiruhuura district, the President said that the countrys economy has for long suffered due to importing more than we export to other countries and the resultant negative balance of trade. He said that it was high time the country embarked on mass industrialisation to produce for the local market and for export.. The President, who cited China, which exports to Uganda goods worth US$875 million dollars while importing from Uganda goods worth US$54.7 million dollars and India which exports to Uganda goods worth US$1.154 billion while Uganda only exports to India goods worth US$24.8 million, described that trade relationship as a haemorrhage of both money and jobs.. President Museveni, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Industrialization of a perfusion bioreactor. T2 - Prime example of a non-straightforward process. AU - Talò, G. AU - Turrisi, C. AU - Arrigoni, C. AU - Recordati, C. AU - Gerges, I. AU - Tamplenizza, M. AU - Cappelluti, A. AU - Riboldi, S A. AU - Moretti, M. N1 - Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.. PY - 2018/2. Y1 - 2018/2. N2 - Bioreactors are essential enabling technologies for the translation of advanced therapies medicinal products from the research field towards a successful clinical application. In order to speed up the translation and the spread of novel tissue engineering products into the clinical routine, tissue engineering bioreactors should evolve from laboratory prototypes towards industrialized products. In this work, we thus challenged the industrialization process of a novel technological platform, based on an established research prototype of perfusion bioreactor, following a GMP-driven approach. We describe how the combination of scientific background, ...
INDUSTRIALIZATION Industrialisation :The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one
From David Onwuchekwa, Nnewi. Minister of Science and Technology, Dr Ogbonnaya Onu, yesterday, said the people of Nnewi in Anambra state have shown Nigeria the direction to go in industrialization and technology development with their resolve to produce most of the things imported from overseas in Nnewi.. Speaking during an interactive session and certificate presentation ceremony to graduands and entrepreneurs of Technology Incubation Center, Nnewi, Dr Onu said the people of Nnewi started producing motor spare parts adding that today the most notable vehicle producing company, Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing Company ( IVM ) is located in Nnewi.. We cannot continue to be importing some of the things we can produce in Nigeria. It does not benefit us as a great nation. If we continue importing, we end up exporting jobs and make our people to remain unemployed while we are employing foreigners and we equally deny ourselves some revenues we would have earned, he said.. ...
Get this from a library! Work and authority in industry : ideologies of management in the course of industrialization. [Reinhard Bendix; University of California, Berkeley. Institute of Industrial Relations.]
Two trends will dominate biosecurity over the next decade, shaping both opportunities and threats. The first is industrialization, as biotechnology becomes a globally important manufacturing base and economic force. The second is personalization, as an increasing number of individuals become able to harness the biological sciences to their own ends. The rules and regulations that emerge to govern the field will have an important impact. Safety will also be a major concern, because no laboratory is 100 percent accident free; to lower the risk to lab workers and the public, establishing protocols, using protective equipment, and raising the political profile of biosafety are essential. To meet the biosecurity challenge it will also be necessary to have health care systems that can rapidly respond to epidemics. Partnerships between nations will become even more important for learning early about potential threats, preventing them where possible, and acting quickly to limit their consequences. ...
The money is designed to cut lending interest rates for agricultural industrialization projects so as to boost farm produce supply and farmers income.. Thirty provinces, autonomous regions and provincial-level municipalities will benefit from the money, together with Dalian, Ningbo and Qingdao cities.. Also, 100 million yuan will be provided for food safety risk surveillance in 20 provinces, regions and municipalities, including Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Chongqing and Sichuan, the ministry said.. ...
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The concept of 'The perception of the quality of life' is discussed and analysed. The measurement of the various components is illustrated and the use for national planning of such measurements is demonstrated. This is achieved through the presentation of some relevant findings of research done on the perception of the quality of life during rapid industrialization. Die konseptualisasie van 'Die warneming van die kwaliteit van lewe' word bespreek en ontleed. Die meting van verskeie komponente word geïllustreer en die gebruik daarvan vir nasionale beplanning aangedui. Daarvoor word 'n aantal toepaslike empiriese bevindinge ivm die waarneming van die kwaliteit van lewe gedurende vinnige industrialisasie voorgedra.
GLOBAL - Industrialisation can be an important tool for poverty and hunger reduction but should not come at the expense of agricultural development, said FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva.
As ,Steves article says: 5 million years isnt sudden, although perhaps unprecedented in evolutionary history. There may be an analogue with industrialization: 200 years covers the technological explosion; its future archeological trace may give the impression that industrialization came from nowhere; but in actual fact the causes of industrialization seem to be the result of an array of precursors coming together and opening up the flood gates of innovation - there is no need to invoke any magic to explain it. (There have been other apparent quasi-social explosions - farming & writing). Evolutionary history is exploring the vast configuration space available to complex adaptive systems. So who can tell - there may be domains in that vast space of design where some kind of critical mass of complexity is reached enabling evolution to run relatively fast for a while; As with industrialization once certain antecedent conditions are realized a rich vein of possible development ...
Rapid industrialization since the start of the 20 century is responsible for the longer life expectancy rather than genetic changes, according to a new study.
Buy or Rent Industrialization of Drug Discovery as an eTextbook and get instant access. With VitalSource, you can save up to 80% compared to print.
Africa Renewal: You are attending a meeting on industrialization in developing countries, which includes many African countries. How does Africa fit in the picture?. Li Yong: The ECOSOC [UNs Economic and Social Council] meeting is important because of SDG 9, which calls for inclusive sustainable industrialization, innovation and infrastructure. Africa has to compete within the global value chain, the manufacturing value addition and with the growth and speed of other regions. Two-thirds of the least developed countries are in Africa. Due to underdevelopment of the industrial sector, some countries are not growing fast enough.. What are the factors hindering Africas industrialization?. The sudden drop in commodity prices caused problems because it lowered the competitiveness of commodities-dependent countries.. But commodity prices dropped only recently.. No, not just recently. Lets say this has been the case throughout the last century. But let me talk about factors hindering ...
We identified three key areas where African agency can be located.. Firstly, African agency is expressed in the frameworks and documents that govern bodies like the forum. For example, in the early days arrangements paid relatively little attention to the issue of industrialisation. That changed after the formal adoption in 2015 of the AUs Agenda 2063 - its blueprint for Africas sustainable development. The forum held that year saw an uptick in how many times the issue was mentioned.. By 2016, African industrialisation had become a key initiative of Chinas presidency of the G20. Beijing directed an unprecedented level of G20 attention to the continent.. By 2018, the Beijing summit ended with fewer declarations of intent relating to industrialisation. Instead, it had become integrated into the continental and bilateral planning processes. In particular, it features regularly in discussions on development financing. Likewise the word training was mentioned over 40 times and in virtually every ...
The present review examines the link between Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and economic performance, especially as it relates to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). It is essential to stress from the outset that while there is no clear definition of economic performance, there are indicators that can examine the concept and its importance to businesses. OSH is not usually viewed as a contributory factor to the economic viability of an organisation. Compliance with government guidelines, regulations and laws is generally the primary focus of OSH policies.
MONTREAL - Quebecs labour minister is threatening to impose more restrictions on the provinces construction and manufacturing sectors for allegedly flouting health orders. Jean Boulet said today in a statement hes received many reports of non-compliance connected to the two sectors since the government imposed new restrictions Jan. 9. The new measures - in effect until at least Feb. 8 - require the two industries to limit operations to essential activities and to reduce the number of workers in factories and on construction sites. Quebecs new health orders also include a provincewide curfew from 8 p.m. until 5 a.m., in an attempt to reduce COVID-19 transmission and reduce the strain on the health system from rising hospitalizations. Boulet does not enumerate the violations, but says its zero tolerance for those who dont follow the rules and is warning the government could impose additional restrictions. The Canadian Press recently contacted three construction industry associations, who all said
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Ecology Of Industry Sectors & Linkages by Deanna Richards available in Trade Paperback on, also read synopsis and reviews. This volume provides insights into the environmental practices of five industry sectors: materials...
Assessing an industrial site and planning for its development are critical steps in choosing the right location. To successfully undertake this task, one must forego assumptions and seek diligence.
BizStats offers free industry financial reports for the Petroleum and coal products manufacturing sector in corporate report format.
Downloadable! The costs of hiring a worker generally differ in size from the firing costs. This article investigates optimal labour demand schedules for production and nonproduction workers of firms that operate under uncertainty and face asymmetric costs of adjusting their workforce. In the empirical part generalised methods of moments (GMM) estimates of the structural parameters of the Euler conditions for production and nonproduction workers are presented, together with specification and structural stability tests, using time series data of the Netherlands and UK manufacturing sectors. We find that asymmetric adjustment costs play an important role in the explanation of unbalanced labour demand between upward and downward movements of the business cycle. Moreover, hiring costs exceed firing costs of production workers, whereas firing costs exceed hiring costs of nonproduction workers.
KARACHI: Businessmen and investors expressing concerns over free trade agreement with China, said it would badly hurt the manufacturing sector of Pakistan.Addressing a ceremony on the completion of...
Article Determinants of plant performance dynamics: empirical analysis of the manufacturing sector in Indonesia, 1990-2000. We identify determinants of plant dynamics and find their differences before, during, and after the Asian financial crisis. Th...
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Many industrial facility tasks are considered construction in nature, Health & Safety training will help you find out what this means to your workplace.
This market research report looks into and analyzes the Oncology Information System market and illustrates a comprehensive evaluation of its evolution and its specifications. Another aspect that was considered is the cost analysis of the main products dominant in the global Oncology Information System industry considering the profit margin of the manufacturers.. Get Sample Copy of this Report: This Oncology Information System industry market research report focuses on the major players in this market throughout the world. This section of the report includes the company profiles, specification and product pictures, production, capacity, contact information, cost and revenue. Likewise, equipment & upstream raw materials and downstream demand analysis is also dealt with.. In addition, this research is categorized differently considering the various aspects of this market. It also evaluates the current situation and the future of the ...
Dear Comrade Editor:. In his clear and valuable letter to the Editor (Labor Action, August 24), Brother Jacoby takes issue with, my article on the crisis in the needle trades (Labor Action, July 20) on one point, to wit: There is no law that says that garments are to be made only in the East. The industrialization of the South, in the last analysis, is to be welcomed by unionists, militants, class conscious workers.. Jacoby contends that while this is abstractly correct, this industrialization is a conscious effort of military officials to break the Eastern industry and its unions and is not a natural or necessary expansion of the garment industry.. It is certainly necessary to expose the motive and aims, as our article did, of the Southern congressmen who have successfully exerted pressure on the Administration and connived with the Army officials to establish non-union Southern plants. But the establishment of these Southern factories is a fact. More Important, top; is the fact that ...
Dezeen readers have the chance to win a signed copy of a book documenting the works of Industrial Facility, and its founders Sam Hecht and Kim Colin.
Finance and farming have not always been easy partners in Africa. Another pillar of the Banks strategy is to accelerate commercial financing for agriculture. Despite its importance, the agriculture sector receives less than 3% of the overall industry financing provided by the banking sector.. Risk sharing instruments may resolve this, by sharing the risk of lending by commercial banks to the agriculture sector. Development finance institutions and multilateral development banks should be setting up national risk-sharing facilities in every African country to leverage agricultural finance. And the African Development Bank is setting the pace based on a very successful risk sharing scheme that I promoted while Agriculture Minister in Nigeria.. Rural infrastructure development is critical for the transformation of the agriculture sector, including electricity, water, roads and rail to transport finished agricultural and processed foods.. The lack of this infrastructure drives up the cost of doing ...
The conditions and factors which influenced entry into the export market were addressed by the case studies, shedding some light on the path which was followed in the history of exporting and providing some insights into the process and activities which led to the first entry into export markets. Exporting strategy The case studies have shown that most exporting firms started by serving the domestic market. The strategy of exporting came later in response to developments in their domestic markets. Most of these enterprises started exporting to regional markets, mainly in countries which did not have similar industries. The share of exports in total output is usually small (about 5-15 per cent). With such a small share of exports in their total sales, some of these firms could sell in the export market at a loss, the loss being offset by more profitable sales in the domestic market. Firms in this category have tended to position themselves with a fairly broad competitive scope, reflecting the ...
Modern Asian economic history has often been written in terms of Western impact and Asias response to it. This book argues that the growth of intra-regional trade, migration, and capital and money flows was a crucial factor that determined the course of East Asian economic development. The chapters are organized around three main themes. First, economic interactions between Japan and China were important in shaping the pattern of regional industrialization. Neither country imported technology and organizations, and attempted to catch up with the West alone. Japans industrialization took place, taking advantage of the Chinese merchant networks in Asia, while the Chinese competition was a critical factor in the Japanese technological and organizational upgrading in the interwar period. Second, the pattern of Chinas integration into the international economy was shaped by the growth of intra-Asian trade, migration, and capital flows and remittances. While the Western impact was mostly confined to
Aganga said the backward integration policy has been consistently pursued and sustained in the cement sub-sector, which would enable Nigeria to be self-sufficient in the production of cement. This has prompted the Federal Government to also introduce backward integration in the non-oil sector of the economy.. Recently, the Federal Government kicked off the implementation of the Nigerian Sugar Master Plan with many incentives to stakeholders and investors to raise the countrys local sugar production to a self-sufficiency level, stem the tide of high importation of the commodity, contribute to the production of ethanol/generation of about 411MW of electricity and create 117,181 jobs.. UNIDO has been a major development partner to the country and has contributed to the nations industrial development and improvement in the living standards of the peopl through its numerous programmes and projects across the country.. UNIDO and the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment and state governments are ...
Nevertheless, as will be discussed below, their work provided a philological tradition out of which modern day language planning efforts would grow in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. 19 The advent of heavy industrialization in the 19th century-particularly in the Nervion river valley near Bilbao, and in towns scattered throughout Gipuzkoa- brought new kinds of pressure to bear on Basque in areas that had previously been spared language shift. One consequence of industrialization was the arrival of large numbers of Spanish-speaking immigrants from other parts of the Iberian peninsula, who sought to fill new factory jobs. 22 renaissance following the end of the second Carlist war in Spain in 1876. One of the most prominent organizations in this renaissance was the Asociación Euskara de Navarra (Basque Association of Navarre) led by Arturo Campión. Campión and his followers raised public awareness of Basques decline and were among the first to articulate an understanding of ...
Padma Desai, Gladys and Roland Harriman Professor of Comparative Economic Systems and Director of the Center for Transition Economies at Columbia University, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She was President of the Association for Comparative Economic Studies in 2001. She received her Ph. D. in economics from Harvard University in 1960 where she began her teaching career. Professor Desai has published extensively in professional journals on issues of economic planning in the Soviet Union before she switched her research agenda to economic reforms in Russia and the emerging market economies. Her latest writings focus on the globalization of these economies and their exposure to financial crisis. Among her publications are: Planning for Industrialization A Study of Indian Industrialization and Trade Policies (with J. Bhagwati), OECD Development Center, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970; second printing; paperback edition. The Bokaro Steel Plant A Study of Soviet Economic ...
All content on this blog is provided by Trewe LLC for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information. These terms and conditions of use are subject to change at anytime and without notice.. ...
All content on this blog is provided by Trewe LLC for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information. These terms and conditions of use are subject to change at anytime and without notice.. ...
When we see records being broken and unprecedented events such as this, the onus is on those who deny any connection to climate change to prove their case. Global warming has fundamentally altered the background conditions that give rise to all weather. In the strictest sense, all weather is now connected to climate change. Kevin Trenberth. HIT THE PAGE DOWN KEY TO SEE THE POSTS Now at 8,800+ articles. HIT THE PAGE DOWN KEY TO SEE THE POSTS. ...
Tanzania rolled out a red carpet to Indias Prime Minister, Narendra Modi who arrived in Dar es Salaam on Saturday night in his five-day, four-nation tour of Africa to drum up business between India and African countries.
If you wish to submit an article to the editor for consideration, please contact us at [email protected] with Blog article for consideration as your subject line. If the editor wishes to publish your article, they will get in touch and request a short bio and/or photo for publishing. Please note that we reserve the right to review and make grammatical edits to the article if it is published. ...
Global Industrial Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market was valued at US$4.1 bn in 2013 and is expected to be valued at US$6.1 bn by 2020, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.8% from 2014 to 2020.
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Allow me to restate that a little more elegantly, Victoria. I think its a mistake to draw a straight line connecting Lenin to Information Age subsistence-level communities. I see you focusing overtly on ideology at both ends. The problem is that there is no straight line that is direct. There were a bunch of developments between the two - many of which involved practical, non-ideological responses in getting to where we are now. Lenin lived during the era of industrialization. At that time there were voices, of course, expressing caution (even Melvilles Moby Dick is said to do this), but it was long after Lenins death that the degree and scale of actual environmental devastation that accompanied and followed industrialization became too evident to ignore. The Clean Air and Water acts were not ideological responses. These were practical, bipartisan (if Im not mistaken) bills. Theres nothing ideological to responses of horror to the river of a major American city catching fire and a good ...
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Professor Ashutosh Varshney of Brown University analyzes the current state of Indias democratic system as well as the strengths and challenges in this rapidly growing nation. Full interview.}
Our ancestors (early humans) moved around a lot in rugged terrain (there were no cars then) and thus, I would assume, had plenty of physical activity and exercise. Their diet consisted mainly of fruits and vegetables that were low in sodium and high in potassium. Progress and industrialization, however, has reversed most of that way of life. The question is, has our bodies evolved and adapted to such progress? If so, why are there so many cases of hypertension, stroke, heart conditions and diabetes? These questions make me wonder if we can pick up some lessons from early humans on how we can modify our lives and become healthier individuals. I am not saying industrialization is bad. Im saying if our bodies cannot adapt, then we should at least modify our lifestyle --- mainly diet and exercise ...
Cytokines are a class of small molecule proteins with broad biological activity synthesized and secreted by immune cells (such as monocytes, macrophages, T cells, B cells, NK cells, etc.) and certain non-immune cells (endothelial cells, epidermal cells, fibroblasts, etc.) Immune responses are regulated by binding to the respective receptors to regulate cell growth, differentiation and effects. Cytokines (CK) are low-molecular-weight soluble proteins that are produced by various types of cells induced by immunogens, mitogens, or other stimulants. They have the ability to regulate innate immunity [1] and adaptive immunity [2], hematopoiesis, cell growth, and damage tissue repair and other functions.. Cytokines can be divided into interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factor superfamily, colony stimulating factors, chemokines, growth factors etc. Cytokines form a very complex cytokine regulatory network in the body and participate in many important physiological functions of the human body. ...
Watch video lessons to learn how and why the Western world was ready for such a major shift in lifestyle and technological advancement. These...
The African Economic Outlook 2017 presents the continents current state of affairs and forecasts its situation for the coming two years. This annual report examines Africas performance in crucial areas: macroeconomics, external financial flows and tax revenues, trade policies and regional integration, human development, and governance. For its 16th edition, the report takes a hard look at the role of entrepreneurs in Africas industrialisation process. It proposes practical steps that African governments can take to carry out effective industrialisation strategies. Policies aimed at improving skills, business clusters and financing could remove important constraints on African private enterprises.
Elated by the better-than-expected 7.8-percent GDP growth, President Benigno Aquino III on Friday pushed for an accelerated phase of industrialization to turn the country into a
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) levels differ across populations by degree of industrialization. AU - Yuen, Shennin N.. AU - Holly, Kramer. AU - Luke, Amy. AU - Bovet, Pascal. AU - Plange-Rhule, Jacob. AU - Forrester, Terrence. AU - Lambert, Vicki. AU - Wolf, Myles. AU - Camacho, Pauline. AU - Harders, Regina. AU - Dugas, Lara. AU - Cooper, Richard. AU - Durazo-Arvizu, Ramon. N1 - Funding Information: This work was supported in part by National Institutes of Health Grants 1R01DK90360-1A1 (to R.D.-A.) and 5R01DK080763-04 (to A.L.). Publisher Copyright: Copyright © 2016 by the Endocrine Society.. PY - 2016/5. Y1 - 2016/5. N2 - Context: Compensatory increases in fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) with increasing phosphate intake may adversely impact health. However, population and clinical studies examining the link between phosphate intake and FGF23 levels have focused mainly on populations living in highly industrialized societies in which phosphate exposure may be ...
Title:Mass Spectrometry-based Label-free Quantitative Proteomic Analysis of CCl4-induced Acute Liver Injury in Mice Intervened by Total Glycosides from Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. VOLUME: 17 Author(s):Qian Lu, Hai-Zhu Xing and Nian-Yun Yang*. Affiliation:Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Plant Medicine Research and Development Center, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Plant Medicine Research and Development Center, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Center of Chinese Medicinal Resources Industrialization, Jiangsu Plant Medicine Research and Development Center, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210023. Keywords:Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, Proteome, 3-Phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase 1, Insulin-Like growth factor 1, Autophagy ...
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As the African continent embraces industrialization as the driver for economic growth, governments are acutely aware that this has to be done in an environmentally sustainable way. Lessons from other parts of the world have shown that industrialization could also lead to massive environmental degradation if not well managed. Recent developments in industrial biotechnology offer an attractive mechanism for mitigating environmental degradation associated with industrial activities.. The East African region is endowed with several unique and extreme habitats all harboring a rich microbial diversity. Most industrial enzymes currently in use are obtained from microorganisms. Already some enzymes with attractive potential for industrial application have been discovered in the region. Despite its huge potential for biotechnology innovation, to date, the region is not exploiting this microbial resource. To use this resource for the benefit of the region, it is important that enzyme producing companies ...
Although a number of manufacturing sectors are reporting rapid recovery, only three of them have outperformed the 2008 indicators.
Global Industrial Rubber Products Market To Reach $88.5 Billion By 2015 10/18/2010 - San Jose, CA - According to a report in, GIA (Global Industry Analysts, Inc.) announces the release of a comprehensive global report on industrial rubber products markets. The global market for industrial rubber products is forecast to reach $88.5 billion by the year 2015. Factors driving growth include ease of processing and diverse applications of industrial rubber products, expansion of the manufacturing sector and ongoing efforts towards large-scale industrialization in developing markets. Further, high fixed investment expenditures and increasing levels of personal income are likely to impact the market growth. The worldwide industrial rubber products market witnessed a decline in 2009 because of the economic turmoil. During the recession period, the worldwide industrial sector received a huge setback that eventually resulted in a significant drop in consumption of agricultural and industrial ...
On the 14th May, at Hotel Alvalade in Luanda, Angola, ISQAPAVE promotied a workshop on safety in industrial facilities, in its different strands: • Assessment of Occupational Risks • Fire safety • safety of Work Machinery and Equipment • Explosive Atmospheres • Exposure to Chemical Agents • Environmental Risk Assessment The workshop alerted participants to the importance of prevention, in response to various health and safety problems that may occur in industrial plants and which translate into high risk situations leading to occupational accidents and/or illnesses with irreversible consequences for personnel contributing to the decline of their quality of life. Contact Sílvia Soares +244 928 052 973 • +351 925 766 358 ...
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Methane is a potent greenhouse gas, more than 20 times more efficient than CO2 in trapping solar heat on a short timescale.. Twenty-eight billion tonnes is roughly equivalent to the annual emissions of this powerful greenhouse gas from all the landfills in the world today, which in turn account for about six percent of global methane emissions.. The major contributors are likely to have been deforestation, biomass burning and rice paddies, rather than geological sources such as mud volcanoes, according to the study published in the journal Nature.. Big early increases coincided with the Chinese Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD) and the Roman empire (27 BC to the last western emperor in 476 AD), which along with an advanced Indian civilisation at the time chopped down millions of trees to heat homes and power their metal-working industries, often to provide weapons.. Based on archaeological metal production estimates, we calculate that the charcoal used for metal production at the peak of the Roman ...
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/PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of the Phosphates - Global Strategic Business Report report to their offering. (Logo:...
World Press Freedom Day is celebrated every year on 3 May worldwide. It is an opportunity to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom; to evaluate press freedom, to defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the line of duty. 21st Century Media: New Frontiers, New Barriers is the theme of World Press Freedom Day 2011.. By decision 48/432 of 20 December 1993, the UN General Assembly proclaimed 3 May as World Press Freedom Day. Since then, it has been celebrated each year on 3 May, the anniversary of the Declaration of Windhoek. The document calls for free, independent, pluralistic media worldwide characterizing free press as essential to democracy and a fundamental human right.. The Declaration of Windhoek is a statement of free press principles as put together by newspaper journalists in Africa during a UNESCO seminar on Promoting an Independent and Pluralistic African Press in Windhoek, Namibia, from 29 ...
The Accra Metropolitan Area has an urban population of over 2 million. Accra is the Greater Accra Regions economic and administrative hub, and serves as the anchor of the larger Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), which is inhabited by about 4 million people, making it the thirteenth-largest metropolitan area in Africa.. The period between 1960 and 1970 saw rapid industrialization and expansion in Accras manufacturing and commercial sectors. This contributed to high rural-urban migration to the city, and consequently a high population growth rate. The stagnation of the Ghanaian economy during the 1970s slowed the growth of Accras population. Later, however, the decline in agriculture in rural communities in Ghana and rising industrialization in urban regions, coupled with the late-1980s boom in the service sector, once again propelled immigration to Accra. The primacy of the Accra Metropolitan Area as the Greater Accra regions administrative, educational, industrial and commercial center ...
Industrialisation and urbanisation are historically seen as the biggest motors for family change. Family structures changed from the predominantly extended family organization of pre-industrial society to the predominantly nuclear family organisation of industrial society.(1). Pre-industrial extended family structure worked because they were multi-functional, kinship-based and economically productive for the time. The situation arose because of the labour intensive farm work that comes with agriculture, the limitations of moving away from family and a lack of social security and welfare systems.(1). To accommodate the changes that came with industrialisation, the old extended families adapted to the need for geographic mobility and labour flexibility.(1). Although sociology does not offer any predictive theory about the forms the family will take, it does highlight the role of social norms in determining categories of people suitable for forming families with.(1). (1) ...
The Chairman of Construction Project Management, School of Built Environment, Hariot Wait University, Scotland, professor Stephen Ogunlana has advocates for the establishment of a construction Industry Development Board in Nigeria.. Professor Ogunlana made the call at a lecture organised by the University of Lagos (UNILAG), School of Postgraduate studies recently.. Speaking on theme Sustaining Vision 20:2020 through construction: A stakeholder participatory Approach, he said that the development of manufacturing sector depends on the availability of Construction Industry Development Board.. He said focusing solely on the need for industrial transformation to enable the country to compete with other countries, there was to be massive programme for development the manufacturing sector adding that it should require building the factories that normally support manufacturing.. The University lecturers further stated that the establishment of the Board was become imperative to provide warehouse for ...
Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Coffee, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Dairy Products, Education and Training Services, Fisheries, Floriculture, Fruits and Vegetables, Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , ...
Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Cereals, Pulses and Oil Seeds (maize, beans, rice, chicpeas and sesame seeds, sunflower, soybeans, n, Coffee, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Commercial Handicrafts Sector (basketry, mats, ceramics, beads, pottery, hand textiles and woven pro, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Cotton, Textile and Garment, Dairy Products, Education and Training Services, Fisheries, Floriculture, Fruits and Vegetables, Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , Manufacturing Sector (sugar, beer, soft drinks, cigarettes, textiles, cement, laundry soap, edibile , ...
The different niches of an economic ecosystem, such as the various machinery and equipment sectors, thrive as a self-reinforcing web of engineers, high-skill production workers, operational managers and factories. As of 2003, Europes manufacturing sector made up 32% of its nonfinancial economy, while the manufacturing sector of the United States comprised only 13% of its nonfinancial sectors. The decline of American machinery and manufacturing sectors, in conjunction with the on-again/off-again nature of American renewable energy policy, explains why Europe and Japan are so far ahead of the United States in the transition to a more sustainable economy. And Americas decline can be traced to one overriding factor: a military budget that comprises nearly half of the worlds military spending. For decades, as the late Professor Seymour Melman showed in many books (such as After Capitalism) and in numerous articles, the Pentagon has been draining not just money but also the engineering, scientific ...
Among manufacturing sectors in Australia, food makers trail only behind the mining industry as the biggest spenders on energy. According to the latest figures available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the food manufacturing industry pays a staggering $706 million a year on its electricity bills, accounting for 17 per cent of the entire manufacturing industrys energy expenditure. Whats even more alarming is that this spending does not match consumption - with the segment accounting for just 10 per cent of total energy consumption. The combination of inefficient energy spending and high usage becomes increasingly problematic when taking into account rising energy costs and insecurity of energy supplies.. To download the white paper, fill out the form below: ...
Alcohol industry campaigns to promote responsible drinking have little effect, and may even be counterproductive. Thats one of the key findings of a new Alcohol Concern Cymru report to be launched on Wednesday 12 October, which has been written by researchers from Glyndŵr and Bangor Universities.. Reviewing evidence from across the world, researchers at the two north Wales universities concluded that alcohol industry health messages are often ambiguous and lack clarity over safe behaviour with regards to alcohol. Health messages are typically found in the context of adverts that promote drinking as a positive lifestyle choice.. The reports authors point out that drinks industry-supported statements and campaigns typically portray alcohol as a neutral product that only causes problems in the hands of irresponsible consumers, whereas the evidence suggests that alcohol is an intrinsically dangerous substance, and that alcohol marketing and distribution require careful regulation and ...
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WASHINGTON - Today the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) modified the hazardous waste management regulations under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) to conditionally exclude solvent-contaminated wipes from hazardous waste regulations provided that businesses clean or dispose of them properly. The rule is based on EPAs final risk analysis, which was peer reviewed in 2008 and published for public comment in 2009, that concluded wipes contaminated with certain hazardous solvents do not pose significant risk to human health and the environment when managed properly. EPA estimates that the final rule will result in a net savings of between $21.7 million and $27.8 million per year. Wipes are used in conjunction with solvents for cleaning and other purposes by tens of thousands of facilities in numerous industrial sectors, such as printers, automobile repair shops and manufacturers of automobiles, electronics, furniture and chemicals. Todays rule uses the latest science to ...
TY - GEN. T1 - Modelling in Manufacturing Industry. T2 - Parameters Selection Using Regression Analysis. AU - Bon, Abdul Talib. AU - Ogier, Jean Marc. AU - Razali, Ahmad Mahir. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - The manufacturing industries are forced to meet the demand of the end users in many different aspects especially to reduce the number of defects. Since then, the manufacturers have adopted many strategies in order to achieve zero defect end products. Therefore, this research is an early attempt to present a proper method for manufacturers to achieve their goal starting from parameters selection and then optimization to control the belt line moulding production process. We apply regression analysis to make parameters selection and then used the best variables selected to optimize or in this case to minimize defects in belt line moulding process. The findings from this study will serve as a useful evidence and applicability of the proposed methodology.. AB - The manufacturing industries are forced ...
Al Qusais or Al Gusais (Arabic: اﻟﻘﺼﻴﺺ‎) is a large community in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is located in the Deira area of east Dubai. Al Qusais borders the localities of Hor Al Anz and Al Twar and is further subdivided into residential (Al Qusais) and industrial (Al Qusais Industrial Area) localities. Al Qusais residential areas are subdivided into: Al Qusais First Al Qusais Second Al Qusais Third The industrial areas are subdivided into: Al Qusais Industrial Area First Al Qusais Industrial Area Second Al Qusais Industrial Area Third Al Qusais Industrial Area Fourth Al Qusais Industrial Area Fifth The industrial areas lead into the industrial areas of the emirate of Sharjah. Education in Al Qusais is provided by a number of public and privates schools and colleges.There are Arabic, Australian, British, American and Indian schools. There are also various private institutes providing dance, music, art and computer lessons. Educational institutions situated in Al-Qusais ...
A recent Fact.MR report foretells the dust extraction system market to record an impressive value CAGR of 6.0% over the forecast period (2018-2028). Over 5,800 thousand units of dust extraction systems are envisaged to be sold globally by 2028-end. With the surge in awareness on clean working environment, which aids workers efficiency and therefore an industrys productivity, dust extraction systems have witnessed increased demand in recent years.. Rapid industrialization and globalization have further backed the imperativeness of clean & healthy workplaces, thereby paving avenues for industrial safety & protection equipment, and dust extraction system is no exception. Prominent stakeholders and distributors are therefore targeting a wide range of industries, to offer advanced and distinct dust extraction systems, to boost sales of their products and extend their market reach.. Dust extraction system has observed widespread acceptance among industrial sector, with organizations such as National ...
When trying to protect their hearing, are you solving the wrong problem? According to the latest figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 22 million workers are exposed to potentially damaging noises each year. The CDC reports that in 2007, 82% of the cases involving occupational hearing loss were reported among workers in the manufacturing sector. Thats 8 out of every 10 workers who are employed in the manufacturing industry. In fact, hearing loss is the most common form of work-related injury reported in the manufacturing sector according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It seems that what most are doing isnt working.. Most work related hearing loss occurs gradually in the first ten years of employment in a manufacturing environment. That means that many new employees wont even think about protecting their hearing until they are required to. Because the damage is done slowly over time, the worker will not notice a problem until methods of prevention are too ...
Overpricing Drugs According to industry apologists, high profits in the pharmaceutical industry are justified due to the unusual nature of the industry: research and development costs for new drugs require huge investments and involve relatively great risks as to whether the investment will pay off. Critics however, claim that prices are kept artificially high even after the initial investment has been recovered.. A report (released on 10 July 2001) by the consumer health organisation Families USA refutes the pharmaceutical industrys claim that high drug prices are needed to sustain research and development. The report documents how drug companies are spending more than twice as much on marketing, advertising, and administration than they do on research and development; that drug company profits, on average higher than any other industry, exceed research and development expenditures; and that drug companies provide lavish compensation packages for their top executives [4].. In addition, money ...
Matter can neither be created nor destroyed. But when matter is transformed from one state to another, in the process of production, the earth is not capable of absorbing and assimilating many waste that are dumped on it. This results in pollution. Furthermore, an increase in the level of pollution over time may create problems for sustainable economic development. Therefore, the society has to find ways and means to resolve the conflict, between the increase in production on the one hand and the preservation of the environment on the other, when considering the inter-generational equity with respect to environmental quality.. This paper deals with industrial air pollutant which is a fund pollutant. Fund pollutants are pollutants for which the environment has some absorptive capacity. Therefore the aim of pollution control, when dealing with air pollutants, is to keep the level of pollutants below the absorptive capacity of the environment. The paper deals with the various policy instruments, ...
Find industrial air pollution control (air and climate) articles , the worlds largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource.
In addition to this several other companies has shifted their manufacturing facilities to the region from west on account of above mentioned reasons. Other countries in Asia such as India, Indonesia, South Korea Taiwan and Japan are also anticipated to show a rapid growth for the global ABS market over the next five years. This is driven by the increasing construction activities and industrialization in the region. The region still contributes to the low consumption of ABS products which is expected to be a scope for further growth in the region. India is projected to be the most emerging market in the region owing to growing application industries. ...
The Industrial Revolution transforms London.. Capital investment and labour turns London into a centre of diverse manufacturing (see below list of London manufacturing areas). Londons 21st century streets still mark the citys former manufacturing processes, such as Threadneedle Street, Ironmonger Lane and Wood Street.. Londons industrialisation comes at a price. Capitalists and workers reguarly struggle against each other over profits, wages and working conditions. But they mutually need each other again after World War II. Bombs had destroyed swathes of Londons labour-intensive industries. Capital investment enables working Londoners to replace Londons factories and workshops with new manufacturing plant.. By the end of the 1950s, factories employ one-in-three working Londoners. Londoners form 20% of Britains engineering workforce - and make almost half of the clothes worn by British women. Londons seven docks employ 30,000 people - mainly men - in the early 1960s.. UK manufacturing ...
Strict air quality standards, coupled with demands from increasingly vocal employees and building tenants are forcing employers and building operators to improve air quality. According to Frost and Sullivan, consultants in environmental technology, U.S. commercial and industrial air filtration markets generated revenues of $1.13 billion in 2000. The firm predicts that number will climb to $1.51 billion
Graph and download economic data for Distillate Fuel Industrial Sector Carbon Dioxide Emissions (EMISSCO2VDFICBA) from 1973 to 2020 about distillate, carbon dioxide emissions, fuels, industry, and USA.
For an opinion piece that focussed on messaging, (DrinkWise a message about alcohol moderation most people support, Sydney Morning Herald, October 2, 2014) Drink Wise Chief Executive, John Scott certainly omitted some important information.. So much so that perhaps his organisations latest campaign tagline, You wont miss a moment if you DrinkWise should be changed to read, Youd be none the wiser if you DrinkWise.. Mr Scott says DrinkWise sees the world as it is now. What he doesnt do is reveal the distorted, industry-centric lens that DrinkWise views this world. Allow me. DrinkWise is wholly funded by the alcohol industry and governed by a board with significant industry involvement. It is, in short, an organisation that exists solely to deflect consideration of evidence-based public health policies that may affect their bottom line.. Like the Tobacco industry before it, urging Australians to smoke responsibly, DrinkWise urges Australians to drink responsibly. Note that to drink ...
The study finds that while capital deepening, government size, institutional quality, productivity of the other sector and financial openness affect productivity of all the sectors significantly, the impact of human capital and trade openness varies across sectors in the case of developing economies. Furthermore, the impact of technological progress becomes significant in the post-liberalization reforms period in the developing economies. The study further finds that capital deepening, human capital, government size, institutional quality, productivity of the other sector, government size and trade openness are significant determinants of productivity of all sectors of developed economies under consideration. However, the impact of technological progress is stronger for manufacturing sector than services and its components. Furthermore, while both equity and debt liabilities (as measures of financial openness) influence sectoral productivity of industry and manufacturing sectors positively and ...
The result of the research is the creation of Guidelines for risk management on hazardous industrial sites of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The Guidelines determine the directions and methods of complex assessment of the state of industrial safety and labor protection and they could be applied as methodological basis at the development of preventive measures for emergencies, casualties, and incidents at hazardous industrial sites ...
Are there users of Spiceworks in an isolated industrial environment (not connected to a corporate network)? Looking for a generic ... | 5 replies | Networking
Another major factor in industrialization was urbanization, that is the proportion of this surplus labor that could be relocated where other industry or industrial resources were available rather than to where the food was grown. Urbanization (and presumably the general proportion of non-agricultural population) during the 17th-19th centuries was growing rapidly in both Western Europe, especially Britain, and Tokugawa Japan but less so in China, a phenomenon I have yet to see explained (draft animals cant explain the Japanese case as they resembled China in being relatively bereft of them). As far as agriculture and urbanization goes, contrary to myth Tokugawa Japan saw great progress, almost as much as Britain during the same period, albeit much less technological progress in industry than Britain. Urbanization depended most on water transport, i.e. the ability to transport grain to remote regions (the same thing that made ancient Rome a very large city, in her case grain imports across the ...
Make no expense but to do good to others or yourself; i.e., waste nothing." "Industry. Lose no time; be always employ'd in ... He had a "passion for virtue". These Puritan values included his devotion to egalitarianism, education, industry, thrift, ...
Industry. And the central panels by the doorway representing Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction. Remember, it was the ...
Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, ... Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite ... "Industry". Official Website of Nashik District. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. "Nashik Harvest". Food NDTV. ... Nashik has a textile industry. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of ...
"Industry". Queensland WWII Historic Places. Queensland Government. 30 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 October 2020. ...
Overspill not only involves moving people to a new area, but requires industry and employment to follow. Often the industries ... In order to enable this relocation, industry and a workforce also needed to be established in overspill areas to create ... Byrne, David (2019). Class After Industry : a Complex Realist Approach. Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. p. 97. ISBN 978-3 ... Doggett, R (n.d.). "Industry". Retrieved 2020-04-24.. ...
In 1987, it took the name Kansas Chamber of Commerce and Industry. It 2004, it returned to its 1925 name, Kansas Chamber of ... The chamber created a number of committees in 1930: agriculture; industry; tourist travel; advertising and publicity; research ... and large employers from all industry sectors. It strives to build meaningful coalitions and collaborative partnerships that ... it adopted the name Kansas Association of Commerce and Industry in 1972. ...
Braun, Elizabeth; Division Of Technology, United Nations Environment Programme; Industry; Economics; Hole, Woods Hole Research ...
"Industry". Retrieved 15 December 2012. "Jeannot". Retrieved 28 October 2012. "British Fishing Vessels ...
"Kementerian PUPR Salurkan Bantuan Peralatan Air Bersih dan Sanitasi ke Lokasi Pengungsi Gempa Maluku Utara". Industry. ...
Crawford 2002, p. 2. Warder, Ginger (2006). "A Personal Landscape". Industry. Isaac, Ryan. "Building a Cellar, One Brush stroke ...
"Industry". The Crisis. 19 (4): 211. February 1920. Sluby, Patricia Carter (2004). The Inventive Spirit of African Americans: ...
"Industry". 2011 Census Data. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2013. "Occupation (minor groups)". 2011 Census ... the amount of agricultural work has decreased and the number of people working in the service industry has risen sharply. There ...
Industry Team Leader John Harvey and Industry Advisory Board Member Simon Poole co-authored a report, released in July 2020, ... "Industry , The Dodd-Walls Centre". Retrieved 28 July 2020. "Top scientists team up with NZ industry". Radio New Zealand. 23 May ... The Dodd-Walls Centre has an industry development team which focuses on solving specific industry problems, creating prototype ... which reviewed the photonics industries in New Zealand and Australia; the report estimates New Zealand's photonics industry to ...
Fuji Heavy Industries, and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). Shorts from the United Kingdom and Saab-Scania from Sweden also ... "7J7 double aisle for Paris". Industry. Flight International. Seattle, Washington, USA. May 23, 1987. Donne, Michael (April 15, ... Although the demise of the 7J7 project disappointed their aviation industry, Japanese companies contributed significantly ... because it believes air traffic constraints may eventually force the industry to fly fewer planes. Joseph, Gloria (September 3 ...
"Industry". Archived from the original on 7 June 2005. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 27 ... It is attributed to the presence of polluting industries and the indiscriminate use of modern pesticides and other toxic ... selenium and mercury primarily due to the discharge of untreated waste water from surrounding industries. Unscientific farming ...
and Juan Ponce Enrile), the tobacco industry (under Lucio Tan), the banana industry (under Antonio Floirendo), the sugar ... the development of an alcogas industry; the expansion of the country's cement industry; the integration of the country's ... The Ministry of Industry and Ministry of Trade were merged by President Ferdinand Marcos in 1981 as the Ministry of Trade and ... Marcos became chairman of the House Committee on Commerce and Industry and a member of the House Committees on Defense, Ways ...
He held the Greens portfolios of Forests; Energy; Attorney-General and Justice; Small Business; Industry; Racing and Gaming; ...
"Industry". Retrieved 13 November 2012. "Linz (5607862)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 6 March 2016. "Njordur". ...
"Industry. DTEK Announces Senior Appointments". 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2020-07-20. "DTEK conducts staff ...
Nicholas Carr (2003) has caused significant controversy in IT industry and academia by positioning IT as an expense similar to ... However, achieving such universality of measurement is going to take considerable effort in the IT industry (see, for example, ... achieving future , on future , (Developer) ,business success , industry , , (Entrepreneur) , competitiveness ,Central Planning ...
"TFI :: Industry :: An American Promise". March 25, 2009. Archived from the original on ...
Makepeace, M. (2011). "Swalwell: Today and Yesterday". Industry. Retrieved January 18, 2012. v t e. ...
The party pursued state socialism, under which all industries were nationalized, and a command economy was implemented. In 1968 ... In 1987 the party also had 18 departments (agitation and propaganda; agriculture, food industry, forestry and water management ... industry; transport and communications; international affairs; mass media; political organisation; science and technology; ...
"Industry". Village of Pugwash. Village of Pugwash. Retrieved 6 April 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Port of ...
Cleopa Msuya: A former Prime Minister; Vice President; Minister of various portfolios including Finance; Industry; Finance, ... Economic Affairs and Planning; Industry and Trade. Asha-Rose Mtengeti Migiro: United Nations 3rd Deputy Secretary-General. ...
ISBN 00 950944 2 3. "INDUSTRY". Clydesite. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2016.CS1 maint: unfit ...
Short entries may convey the nature of the work in some respects (only). INDUSTRY. Apart from a bit of pottery and light ... metalwork or some slagheaps around the domain of the DARK LORD, most Tours encounter no industry at all. Even the EMBROIDERY ...
Industry; Mines R: Agriculture; Zoological; Forests; Fish S: Labor T: Budget; Treasury; Special Agencies U: Archives Directors ...
"Industry". North Carolina Sweet Potato Commission. 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. Stephens, James M. (2015) [1994]. "Boniato ...
"Industry". The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. July 17, 1997. Retrieved March 24, 2016. Masotti & Corsi 1969, p. 33. Zieger ... The city of Cleveland suffered a significant loss of heavy industry beginning about 1950, which led to markedly higher ...
Newly discovered documents show that the sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to shape the debate around heart disease, ... The documents show that in 1964, John Hickson, a top sugar industry executive, discussed a plan with others in the industry to ... The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat ... One of the scientists who was paid by the sugar industry was D. Mark Hegsted, who went on to become the head of nutrition at ...
The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain to make ... Resources for the Industry Did you know PLASTICS maintains programs to enhance the industry? ... The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain. ... From large trade shows like NPE to fall and spring niche market conferences hosted by Plastics Industry Association groups, the ...
INTER-INDUSTRY RELATIONSHIPS (INPUT-OUTPUT, FINAL DEMAND MATRIX). *INDUSTRY OUTPUT AND EMPLOYMENT *OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT * ... Projections of Industry Employment, 2014-24, Career Outlook, December 2015. *Henderson, Richard L., Industry employment and ... Industry Projections How to view PDF files. *Dubina, Kevin; Gensler, Andrea; Lacey, Alan; and Toossi, Mitra, Projections ... Woods, Rose A., "Industry output and employment projections to 2018," Monthly Labor Review, November 2009, pp. 52-81. (PDF) ...
Industry (economics), a generally categorized branch of economic activity. *Industry (manufacturing), a specific branch of ... Industry-Rock Falls Township, Phelps County, Nebraska. Film and television[edit]. *Made in Canada (TV series), a Canadian ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Industry.. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to ... situation comedy series also known as The Industry in foreign syndication. *Industry (TV series), a British drama series on BBC ...
... As Chemists we believe that practical application and interaction with industry are an inherent part of what ... we do, therefore we are always keen to talk to industries, both large and small to explore how we might collaborate. ...
2. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Disinfectants: Enabling the Ultimate Hygienic Environment that Looks Healthy and Feels Better Noteworthy ... 6.3 Recent Industry Activity PDI Inks Disinfectants Supply Agreement with Vizient SC Johnson Expands Global Ingredient ... Evonik Industries to Acquire PeroxyChem Clorox Decides to Disclose Ingredients in its Household Disinfectants Sealed Air ... Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place ...
PRNewswire/ -- announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue: US Bromine Industry ... Industry Analysis and Insights Contact. Nicolas Bombourg. Reportlinker. Email: [email protected]. US: (805)652-2626. Intl: +1 ... US Bromine Industry ... Jordan) II-25Morre-Tec Industries, Inc. (US) II-26Ocean Chemical Group (UK) II-26Solaris ChemTech Ltd. (India) II-26Tata ...
The industry and related sectors employ about 120,000 people in the OECD countries, while the space industry of Russia employs ... some sources use the term satellite industry interchangeably with the term space industry. The term space business has also ... Space industry refers to economic activities related to manufacturing components that go into Earths orbit or beyond, ... Thus more broadly, space industry can be described as the companies involved in the space economy, and providing goods and ...
Accelerate digital transformation with industry solutions built on the Microsoft Cloud. ... Transcend boundaries with tailored industry solutions. Accelerate time to value, speed up innovation, and drive benefits for ... Sign up to attend Envision, where industry leaders come together to share insights and perspectives. ... Learn how to build resilience and drive innovation with Microsoft Cloud industry solutions. ...
Entertainment And Construction Industries Leading The Future of Cloud. In some industries, the use of cloud technology is still ... Film financing and other segments of the entertainment industry will feel the fallout of Brexit. How will the industry adapt? ... How AI Is Changing The Entertainment Industry. The entertainment industry is increasingly using machine learning to solve some ... Does Online Piracy Hurt The Entertainment Industry?. Reports of the entertainment industrys death seem much exaggerated. ( ...
"Licensing Agreements in the Pharmaceutical Industry". "The Pharmaceutical Industry in Figures - Key Data 2018" (PDF). European ... "Association between industry funding and statistically significant pro-industry findings in medical and surgical randomized ... Industry-wide research and investment reached a record $65.3 billion in 2009. While the cost of research in the U.S. was about ... The pharmaceutical industry discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as medications to ...
Example industries include: Iron and steelworks Automotive industry Chemical industry Electric industry Smokestacks are large ... A smokestack industry is a basic, usually cyclical, manufacturing industry. The factories stereotypically used in such ... industries that have flue gas stacks, hence the name, and produce a high volume of pollution. During the earliest era of ...
Industry is more responsible in terms of the interfaces, which means we can have a more efficient decision-making process, ... This shift in responsibility is allowing industry to streamline procedures and ESA to reduce the size of its project team to ...
Alpine Industries (Pvt) Ltd * Alsons Industries (PVT) LTD * Ata Group of Industries,. Ata and Brothers (Valve Group) * ATCOP * ... Heavy Industries Taxila (HIT) * HMC * Institute of Industrial Control Systems * Institute of Optronics (IOP) * Integrated ... Military Industry. Public. * Advanced Engineering Research Organization (AERO) * Armament Research & Development Establishment ... was attributed to small scale industries. With virtually no defence industry, the entire needs of the Armed Forces were met ...
Current: Industry. Industry. The top five largest defense contractors in the United States, as ranked annually by ... The prominence of the defense industry in Indiana may be one of the most important untold stories of the past decade.. Indiana ...
Take a look at the industry solutions from Adobe Experience Cloud. From financial services to manufacturing, we have the ... For every industry, theres an Adobe solution.. From retail to financial services and more, discover how Adobe delivers for ...
For every industry, theres an Adobe solution. From automotive to health care, manufacturing to finance - uncover the right ...
1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1 Nutricosmetics: Latest Trend in the Beauty Industry II-1 Current & Future Analysis II-2 Demand Trends ... Frutarom Industries Ltd. (Israel) II-59 Frutels LLC (US) II-59 Functionalab (Canada) II-59 GliSODin Skin Nutrients (Canada) II- ... 9. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-51 Plandai Biotechnology Inks License Agreement with Phyto Nutricare II-51 IMCD Group Takes Over ... Frutarom Industries Purchases Certain Assets of Rieber & Søn II-54 Blush Acquisition Snaps Up Bare Escentuals II-55 Shiseido ...
Data and statistical information on how the tobacco industry markets their products. ... The tobacco industry has targeted African American communities in its advertisements and promotional efforts for menthol ... Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. ...
Recent Industry Evolution 2000-2005. On a global scale and especially in the United States, the airline industry has been in a ... Looking Ahead: Industry Challenges. The airline industry is in the midst of a dramatic restructuring that involves even more ... Airline Industry Overview. The international airline industry provides service to virtually every corner of the globe, and has ... as the US industry is expected to post a $4 billion net profit in 2007 [6]. The industry has also benefited from an improving ...
Be ready for Industry 4.0 Are you prepared for Industry 4.0? Read how you can harness the power of your data with cognitive ... In Industry 4.0, you can give your people, processes and machines the ability to adapt in real time - and give your factory the ... Get ready for Industry 4.0 with cognitive manufacturing Unite millions of data points across systems and processes for insights ... Industry 4.0 meets Watson IoT IBM Watson IoT® is helping businesses connect everything - from personal appliances to ...
Global Industry Agenda. How can industrial products industry leaders seize opportunities today to win tomorrow? ... LOreals Industry 4.0 transformation. Integrated sensors facilitate the right action at the right time for high quality ... Industry 4.0 optimizes your people, processes and equipment. IBM ushers in this new era by connecting siloed data, embedding ... Make Industry 4.0 a reality in your operation with cutting-edge technology and applications built to solve your biggest ...
Total aerospace industry employment exceeds 80,000 workers. The aerospace industry is more export intensive in Canada than in ... To ensure sustainable growth of the industry, the Australian government established the Australian Aerospace Industry Forum in ... But the Canadian industry employed three times as many workers, and produced more than four times as many aircraft. A ... The industry had a high technology base, is globally integrated and supplies to major international prime contractors. Its ...
In the highly competitive consumer market, it is vital to use technology to improve communication with customers, while focusing limited manpower on providing customer service. Therefore, the use of integrated information technology equipment and information services to help improve customer satisfaction, while promoting customer loyalty and return purchases is the key to survival in the retail and services sector.. ...
The Animal Industry Division protects the health of the general public, domestic animals, livestock and pets. ... Animal Industry Division (AID). The Animal Industry Division (AID) protects the publics health and the health of domestic ... Animal Industry Division veterinarians conduct the testing and retesting of animals. This is to prevent the spread of the ... Scrapie Risk Reduction - In partnership with MSU and the sheep industry, AID introduced a program that seeks to track the ...
... clothing and footwear industry: Creasing: Creasing machines differ from pleating machines in that they fold the edges of ... use in clothing industry. * In clothing and footwear industry: Creasing. Creasing machines differ from pleating machines in ...
Latest Energy industry News. Green energy takes hold in unlikely places with Ford project. Sep. 28, 2021 15:27 PM EDT ... LONDON (AP) - Thousands of British gas stations ran dry Sunday, an industry group said, as motorists scrambled to fill up amid ...
Seasonal industry refers to a group of companies related by common business activities that earn most of their income in a few ... Examples of Seasonal Industries One example of a seasonal industry tied to weather is skiing. Most ski resorts only have the ... Understanding Seasonal Industries Seasonal industries typically ebb and flow along with the annual sales cycle. They must make ... Some seasonal industries are dictated by nature. For example, most farming is a seasonal industry, as the growing season lasts ...
The iron and steel industry spawned new construction materials, the railroads ... The oil industry had a vast new market for what had been for many years a useless by-product of the distilling process. As soon ... The price of oil plummeted to ten cents a barrel in 1931, creating chaos in the industry. But some New Deal measures restored a ... Soon the U.S. rock oil industry boomed as whale oil increased in price owing to the growing scarcity of that mammal. Samuel ...
3M™ Dual Lock™ Reclosable Fastener SJ3561 is the convenient alternative to traditional fastening methods, such as screws, nuts or bolts. It is designed to deliver a durable, reclosable fastening solution (which can be opened and closed multiple times) which bonds to a variety of substrates including metals, glass and plastics such as acrylics, polycarbonate and ABS.
  • Oct 8, 2018) A 5.5 percent share of all gainful employment in and around Munich, revenues of around EUR 23 billion and dynamic growth rates make the environment industry a significant economic factor in the Munich region - and one with bright prospects for the future. (
  • Meet our 2019 WWFH Employee Champions who not only excel in their everyday roles, but also as advocates for our industry. (
  • The 22nd Nantucket Film Festival is now accepting applications by members of the film industry to attend the festival (June 21-26, 2017) with an Industry Package. (
  • Please give a brief description of your position in the film industry, including relevant links, and any direct role to films screening as part of NFF 2017. (
  • Global Internet Access industry guide provides top-line qualitative and quantitative summary information including: market size (value and volume , and forecast to 2017). (
  • Sign up to attend Envision, where industry leaders come together to share insights and perspectives. (
  • Along with big data comes the potential to unlock big insights - for every industry, large to small. (
  • Navigate your business in an increasingly complex world with industry leading research and actionable insights from UL. (
  • Leverage our industry expertise, insights and offerings to strengthen security and build confidence in payment products and processes in an increasingly interconnected world. (
  • The study provides in-depth insights into focal areas of innovation in Munich's environment industry. (
  • Subscribe and get key market trends and insights relevant to your industry. (
  • Leveraging our unmatched data assets and industry expertise, we deliver actionable insights to help companies boost their bottom line. (
  • Having worked in both research and industry, Mikio Braun shares insights into what's the same, what's different, and how deep learning might change the game. (
  • The European Commission launched on 19 April 2016 the first industry-related initiative of the Digital Single Market package. (
  • If you previously have had access to our Industry Analyst pages and have not received any email with instructions regarding this, please contact [email protected] . (
  • Information for Industry Analysts at your fingertips. (
  • Please be aware that access to the information contained on this site is restricted to industry analysts. (
  • But Ward and other analysts say the industry may be ready for elimination of these tax subsidies. (
  • With in-depth knowledge of the industries they serve, our industry analysts help clients understand and react to changes in the market by thoroughly examining the key drivers behind category performance and trends. (
  • In this post I make the case that the Verizon acquisition of AOL is a bold move by Verizon to lead the way in the transformation of the media and entertainment industry. (
  • Cisco industry solutions accelerate your digital transformation, whether you're in the public sector or consumer industries. (
  • In light of global ecological challenges, the environment industry is integral to the far-reaching transformation that is facing up to the pressing needs of our day - from climate change to urbanization, from resource efficiency to decarbonization - with new ideas, innovative technologies and sophisticated services. (
  • The mid-term review of the Digital Single Market strategy will focus on digitising the European industry oriented actions, aiming to manage digital transformation of our society and economy. (
  • The three major sectors of the space industry are: satellite manufacturing, support ground equipment manufacturing, and the launch industry. (
  • The industry and related sectors employ about 120,000 people in the OECD countries, while the space industry of Russia employs around 250,000 people. (
  • In both new and old sectors, London's manufacturing base rested on industries producing consumer goods (rather than intermediate and capital goods) such as leather products, clothing, timber and furniture, food and drink, pharmaceuticals, and specialized goods as well as products generated by printing and publishing, instrument engineering, and electrical engineering. (
  • Developing countries often look to their local automotive sector for economic growth opportunities, particularly because of the vast linkages that the auto industry has to other sectors of their economy. (
  • As a cross-sector industry with touchpoints across a broad array of other sectors, the environment industry creates opportunities for all kinds of different companies and provides fertile soil for innovative startups in a wide range of markets. (
  • European industry is strong in digital sectors such as electronics for automotive, security and energy markets, telecom equipment, business software, and laser and sensor technologies. (
  • 2. Hospitality Industry Trends Introduction 1. (
  • 3. Hospitality industry trends with a focus on the hotel business. (
  • 4. Hospitality Industry Trends 4 Table 1. (
  • These are designed to provide a summary of industry trends, Ericsson news and our market position. (
  • Leading brands and retailers rely on our industry advisors for fact-based perspective on the current state of retail and shifting consumer tastes and trends. (
  • Learn how LightSpeedEdu is responsible for creating learning solutions that educate members of the biopharmaceutical industry. (
  • Learn how to build resilience and drive innovation with Microsoft Cloud industry solutions. (
  • Affiliates have access to a pipeline of talent and technology that can provide solutions to bioscience industry needs. (
  • Manage end-to-end business with all-in-one cloud-based business solutions for automotive, equipment, rental and fleet industries. (
  • Drive positive change with strategic solutions and targeted services that expertly address your complex business needs or industry challenges. (
  • Our proactive approach to risk reduction, teamed with our analytic and management software solutions and retail industry expertise, helps you mitigate sourcing, safety, environmental and quality assurance challenges across your supply network. (
  • Xerox ® healthcare industry solutions help connect all the moving pieces in a complex environment. (
  • With Xerox® healthcare industry solutions for digital patients, you can alleviate pain points across the patient experience through the power of workflow automation and digital cataloging. (
  • Our workflow automation solutions for the healthcare industry help transform paper-driven, manual processes into fast, digital ones. (
  • Thanks to a heavy density of industry, both automation solutions and control/networking systems are much in demand in Munich. (
  • An interest group closely aligned with the new electronics industry ecosystem that will identify challenges and solutions to help guide IRDS research. (
  • The National Occupational Research Agenda (NORA) is a partnership program that NIOSH maintains with academia, labor, industry, and community organizations to set national research and intervention goals for occupational safety and health. (
  • The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE SA) Industry Connections (IC) program helps incubate new standards and related products and services by facilitating collaboration among organizations and individuals as they hone and refine their thinking on rapidly changing technologies. (
  • We are proud that the See the Light® program is recognized by top industry training certification organizations. (
  • Because Cadence wants to create the best quality products and make them as easy to use as possible, we firmly believe in working with industry organizations and adhering to standards wherever possible. (
  • The organization of production inputs - such as labor and suppliers of components and materials - as well as the configuration of distribution channels are also important dimensions of the growth and evolution of the industry. (
  • Cadence is a corporate member of Accellera, a non-profit electronics industry organization that drives the worldwide development and use of standards required by systems, semiconductor, and design tools companies that enhance a language- and IP-based design automation process. (
  • The organization is also a central voice for communicating and promoting the value of semiconductor design within the global electronics industry. (
  • Dedicated to healthcare industry innovation, we leverage decades of advanced technical, regulatory, and clinical expertise to help clients manage regulatory and global market access issues and address emerging connected device risks. (
  • Setting the industry standard for production enabled Ford to take the lead in market share, but it also led to a complacent mindset that hindered innovation. (
  • The industry "should have exercised greater transparency in all of its research activities," the Sugar Association statement said. (
  • When it comes to health care, everything needs to be done quickly, accurately - and, in some cases, with enough transparency to satisfy stringent industry regulations. (
  • Blockchain technology promises to create new levels of trust, transparency, and efficiency that will transform the way companies and industries manage and operate future supply chains. (
  • Brad Jakeman, president of PepsiCo's global beverage group said the advertising industry needs to address transparency issues. (
  • Fujitsu is a strategic partner to the global automotive industry. (
  • From preparing for specific events such as earnings calls to participating in long-term strategic planning, our industry advisors provide guidance to executives across a diverse array of industries. (
  • Example industries include: Iron and steelworks Automotive industry Chemical industry Electric industry Smokestacks are large industrial chimneys used in the process of combusting mostly fossil fuels in furnaces with the goal of producing steam to drive generators for electricity, for the smelting ores, or as a separation or refinery process. (
  • The automotive industry in Japan rapidly increased from the 1970s to the 1990s (when it was oriented both for domestic use and worldwide export) and in the 1980s and 1990s, overtook the U.S. as the production leader with up to 13 million cars per year manufactured and significant exports. (
  • The automotive industry of passenger vehicles and trucks includes industries associated with the production, retailing, and maintenance of (motor-) vehicles. (
  • Deliver the best-in-class customer experience in the automotive industry. (
  • Transforming the future of the automotive industry demands a scalable cloud platform. (
  • Autonomous vehicles represent the most disruptive trend in the automotive industry. (
  • These innovations together have shaped the competitive structure of the automotive industry that exists today. (
  • The automotive industry is dynamic and vast, accounting for approximately one in ten jobs in industrialized countries. (
  • However, it took half a century after Ford stopped mass producing Model T ' s in 1927 for another production paradigm to emerge as the standard in the global automotive industry. (
  • This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. (
  • And as the automotive industry continues to evolve, so do we. (
  • Receive the best content about the future of marketing, industry shifts, and other thought leadership. (
  • Receive weekly insight from industry insiders-plus exclusive content, offers, and more on the topic of data. (
  • The Cadence Academic Network helps build strong relationships between academia and industry, and promotes the proliferation of leading-edge technologies and methodologies at universities renowned for their engineering and design excellence. (
  • A huge knowledge exchange platform for academia to network with industry. (
  • Graduates, researchers, and practitioners in industry and academia will find the publications accessible presentations and useful resources. (
  • At 3M, we discover and innovate in nearly every industry to help solve problems around the world. (
  • Some future developments of the space industry that are increasingly being considered include new services such as space tourism. (
  • The entertainment industry is increasingly using machine learning to solve some big problems. (
  • In both countries, domestic industry was confronted by the inexorable growth in the cost and complexity of both civil and military aircraft, which increasingly surpassed the scale that could be maintained by the relatively modest scale of domestic industry. (
  • As a convenience for readers, OTM provide industry and trade data generated by OTM product groupings from the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) (imports) and Schedule B (exports). (
  • Arbitration schemes operated under industry codes of practice are considered much less likely to offer fair redress than independent ombudsman schemes. (
  • Description: The Industry Connect Career Fair & More is the perfect place to build your professional network, impress potential employers, practice interviewing/giving your 'elevator pitch,' get your resume reviewed, and explore career opportunities (especially at the entry-level). (
  • HSE in partnership with members of the Cleaning Industry Liaison Forum continue to promote good practice throughout the industry. (
  • We use our extensive experience in the Canadian market supported by PwC's industry-leading global automotive practice to help companies solve complex business challenges with efficiency and quality. (
  • Tourism business frontiers: consumers, products and industry. (
  • The electronics industry is infusing intelligence into products and connecting them to everything. (
  • IBM Global Electronics Industry General Manager Bruce Anderson explains how electronics companies can enable their products and people to live in a platform world. (
  • It is more important than ever that we assure the American public that government and industry will take all steps necessary to ensure continued access to safe and wholesome USDA-inspected products. (
  • All products and services that generate "direct environmental benefits" and/or that constitute an "ecofriendly substitute" belong to the environment industry. (
  • They open new horizons for industry to become more adventurous, more efficient, to improve processes and to develop innovative products and services. (
  • Statistical concepts and methods are developed and applied in industries for various problems - for example, in order to monitor the quality of products, to plan effective and efficient designs to improve standards, to test and analyze the quality of items produced, and to accept (reject) conforming (nonconforming) units produced. (
  • This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Industry . (
  • to mitigate corporate risk through guidance on process and procedure as it relates to industry compliance and messaging. (
  • It's a really, really challenging time," says Wyn Ellis, a travel and leisure industry analyst at stockbroker Numis. (
  • The bill is not expected to pass at this late a date this year, in part because a Senate version hasn't been introduced, but it remains a "headline risk" to the industry, and could mean the potential for the RFS to be modified in some way "within the next few years," according to a report by Mark McMinimy, a research analyst at MFGlobal. (
  • The pharmaceutical industry discovers, develops, produces, and markets drugs or pharmaceutical drugs for use as medications to be administered (or self-administered) to patients, with the aim to cure them, vaccinate them, or alleviate the symptoms. (
  • Licensing Responsibilities - AID licenses and regulates a variety of animal industries including: livestock dealers, truckers, sales and auction markets, renderers (carcass dealers), riding stables, pet shops, animal control/ protection shelters and commercial fish hatcheries and aquaculture facilities. (
  • In the 20th century London became the preferred location for a new generation of electrically powered industries serving mass consumption markets. (
  • The traditional core markets of the environment industry - the circular economy and water management - also experienced positive development, albeit primarily in the surrounding region. (
  • Thus more broadly, space industry can be described as the companies involved in the space economy, and providing goods and services related to space. (
  • Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. (
  • Along the way, Bombardier Aerospace gobbled up the four other Canadian aircraft companies to become the national champion in the industry. (
  • A seasonal industry refers to a group of companies related by their common business activities that earn the majority of their income during a fairly small number of weeks or months each calendar year. (
  • For instance, companies that earn the bulk of their business selling Halloween costumes and accessories or Christmas trees and ornaments would be categorized as belonging to a seasonal industry. (
  • Because of his entrepreneurial instincts and his genius for organizing companies, Rockefeller became a leading figure in the U.S. oil industry. (
  • Many of the companies were American multinationals, including Heinz Company, Hoover, Ford Motor Company , and Firestone, while others had grown out of conventional craft industries. (
  • Industry Engagement is here to open doors, facilitate connections, and pursue areas of mutual interest between Boston University and companies that share our vision for solving problems to shape society for the better. (
  • With the industry seeking to recover from all the recent turmoil, financial services companies are looking for new ways to drive business growth while improving operational efficiency and business agility. (
  • Articles, videos, and podcasts about how oil and gas and companies within the industry improve living conditions, lives, and social development in our communities. (
  • The measures to digitise European industry will help companies, researchers and public authorities to make the most of new technologies. (
  • Hear how industry-leading printing companies are using automation to balance safety with productivity. (
  • With regards to the worldwide satellite industry revenues, in the period 2002 to 2005 those remained at the 35-36 billion USD level. (
  • Total revenues for Canada s aerospace industry were $18.5 billion in 2008. (
  • Use these examples to help understand how to overcome challenges within specific industries and further strengthen the relationship with your clients. (
  • The factories stereotypically used in such industries that have flue gas stacks, hence the name, and produce a high volume of pollution. (
  • Bovine Tuberculosis - AID leads Michigan's concerted effort to eliminate TB from cattle and captive deer farms, in partnership with the Michigan Departments of Natural Resources and Community Health, USDA, MSU and the livestock industry. (
  • As we come together as a country to address this public health threat, know that USDA remains committed to working closely with industry to fulfill our mission of ensuring the safety of the U.S. food supply and protecting agricultural health. (
  • ASI keeps sheep industry members updated on ASI activities and industry news by regularly distributing and updating various information pieces and sources. (
  • The consistent failure by the Office of Fair Trading to impose stricter controls on a clutch of troublesome service industries was highlighted last week by news that the funerals ombudsman service had been quietly axed at the end of September. (
  • Leverage our proven expertise in safety, testing and certification across multiple industries to solve your go-to-market challenges. (
  • Asteroid mining Commercialization of space Space colonization Space industry of Russia Space law Outer Space Treaty Space manufacturing Joan Lisa Bromberg (October 2000). (
  • Today, the global airline industry consists of over 2000 airlines operating more than 23,000 aircraft, providing service to over 3700 airports. (
  • In the 18th and 19th centuries its industries were quite comparable to those of other European capitals and court cities, producing such luxury items as silks, fine furniture, gilded work, watches, musical instruments, millinery, and women's clothing. (
  • The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat as the culprit instead, newly released historical documents show. (
  • Dr. Walter Willett, chairman of the nutrition department at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, said that academic conflict-of-interest rules had changed significantly since the 1960s, but that the industry papers were a reminder of "why research should be supported by public funding rather than depending on industry funding. (
  • Scrapie Risk Reduction - In partnership with MSU and the sheep industry, AID introduced a program that seeks to track the genetic code for the fatal scrapie disease to prevent its spread from flock to flock. (
  • 3. Japan Automobile Industry The Japanese Automobile industry is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world. (
  • The turn of the twentieth century witnessed the dawning of the automobile industry . (
  • We understand that documents - paper and digital - play a big role in the healthcare industry. (
  • As Chemists we believe that practical application and interaction with industry are an inherent part of what we do, therefore we are always keen to talk to industries, both large and small to explore how we might collaborate. (
  • A larger "map" of the identity industry begins to explore the corners into which identity is beginning to crawl. (
  • In this document, we first explore how a multi-cloud approach can address the regulatory and marketplace challenges faced by the financial services industry. (
  • The internal sugar industry documents, recently discovered by a researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, and published Monday in JAMA Internal Medicine , suggest that five decades of research into the role of nutrition and heart disease, including many of today's dietary recommendations, may have been largely shaped by the sugar industry. (
  • Importantly, our affiliates help guide and support the OU biomedical engineering student curriculum, which prepares our students to lead the biotechnology industry in Oklahoma and nationally. (
  • This means that intellectual property will always be at the forefront of biotechnology - some argue that the scope of patent protection actually defines the industry. (
  • Because drug development is an important aspect of biotechnology, understanding the process of approval of drugs for sale to the problem is also an important part of investing in the biotech industry. (
  • In the US airline industry, approximately 100 certificated passenger airlines operate over 11 million flight departures per year, and carry over one-third of the world's total air traffic - US airlines enplaned 745 million passengers in 2006. (
  • These are not cyclical industries, which have predictable business patterns each year. (
  • Seasonal industries must make enough money during their seasonal peaks to last the business owners the entire year. (
  • Workers in seasonal industries often work more than 40 hours a week during the high season but must take on different work the remainder of the year. (
  • For example, most farming is a seasonal industry, as the growing season lasts half the year or less in many parts of North America. (
  • The OFT published two critical reports about the funeral industry in the late 1990s, and the Consumers' Association published a damning report earlier this year. (
  • Although questions have since been raised over whether the firm adequately hedged its currency exposures, leaving it particularly vulnerable to sterling's post-EU referendum plunge, it seems the trigger for its collapse was the extraordinarily difficult conditions in the travel industry this year. (
  • The ethanol industry has had a profitable year despite the jump in corn prices, but the industry faces a slew of headwinds, including overcapacity and political pressure to cut generous incentives. (
  • One concern is the December expiration of the 45-cent-per-gallon tax credit the industry gets for blending ethanolinto gasoline, at a cost to taxpayers of about $6 billion a year. (
  • Exports have provided a bright spot for the industry since last year as U.S. corn-based ethanol has become far less costly than Brazilian ethanol , which is mostly made from sugarcane. (
  • One the other, it's the leading industry for job cuts -- and more will come this year. (
  • Building on and complementing the various national initiatives for digitising industry, such as Industrie 4.0 , Smart Industry and l'industrie du futur, the Commission will take actions along 5 main pillars . (
  • Reduce downtime, increase productivity, and maintain industry compliance. (
  • The International Trade Administration , U.S. Department of Commerce , manages this global trade site to provide access to ITA information on promoting trade and investment, strengthening the competitiveness of U.S. industry, and ensuring fair trade and compliance with trade laws and agreements. (
  • Till date, the studies and research conducted in blockchain mainly focused on how it underpins cryptocurrencies and how it's deployment transform various industries including public and private sector. (
  • Blockchain in gaming comes with the same share of advantages like blockchain in any other industries. (
  • Few other industries generate the amount and intensity of attention given to airlines, not only among its participants but from government policy makers, the media, and almost anyone who has an anecdote about a particular air travel experience. (
  • And whereas some industries struggle to generate value from IoT, manufacturers are adept at using sensor data to expose product flaws and optimize heavy machinery maintenance. (
  • Our chapter provides undergraduate students with opportunities to develop the technical and soft skills required for progressing into industry and helps to establish early connections with representatives in the field. (
  • The forum comprises of representatives from industry trade associations, trade unions and other industry stakeholders. (
  • In contrast, payday loan industry representatives warned that requiring lenders to assess borrowers' ability to repay would raise business costs. (
  • In some industries, the use of cloud technology is still just beginning to take hold. (
  • Adhesion is an indispensable joining technology for railway industries. (
  • For decades, technology has been used in the construction industry to make jobs more efficient and construction projects and structures safer. (
  • Technology is one bi-polar industry. (
  • In the Munich region, the environment industry is exceptionally innovative, benefiting from a technology-driven corporate landscape and a rich and variegated scientific and research environment. (
  • BICSI established its credential programs to provide a level of assurance to the industry and to consumers that an individual has knowledge in a designated area of information technology systems (ITS) design or installation. (
  • Statistics plays a critical role in any modern use of technology in science and industry. (
  • Similar to the broadcast radio or television segments of the media industry, newspapers face an increasing complexity of technology integrations needed to deliver a strong digital experience across web and mobile platforms. (
  • Today, I'll dig deeper into the newspaper industry, and how that landscape is changing. (
  • With virtually no defence industry, the entire needs of the Armed Forces were met through purchases, mostly from UK. (
  • The international airline industry provides service to virtually every corner of the globe, and has been an integral part of the creation of a global economy. (
  • The economic impacts of the airline industry range from its direct effects on airline employment, company profitability and net worth to the less direct but very important effects on the aircraft manufacturing industry, airports, and tourism industries, not to mention the economic impact on virtually every other industry that the ability to travel by air generates. (
  • See the economic footprint of the biopharmaceutical industry by using our interactive map! (
  • Space industry refers to economic activities related to manufacturing components that go into Earth's orbit or beyond, delivering them to those regions, and related services. (
  • The airline industry itself is a major economic force, both in terms of its own operations and its impacts on related industries such as aircraft manufacturing and tourism, to name but two. (
  • The economic importance of the airline industry and, in turn, its repercussions for aircraft manufacturers, makes the volatility of airline profits and their dependence on good economic conditions a serious concern for both industries. (
  • After the world airline industry posted 4 consecutive years of losses totaling over $22 billion from 1990 to 1993, as a result of the Gulf War and subsequent economic recession, it returned to record profitability in the late 1990s, with total net profits in excess of $25 billion being reported by world airlines from 1995 to 1999. (
  • Pseudorabies Eradication - Pseudorabies is a disease that has had significant economic impact on Michigan's pork industry. (
  • The singular economic fact is that Peru's guano industry led to little sustained, diversified, or nationwide development. (
  • When instructors present case analysis, it is usually as a three-step process progressing from economic conditions, to industry analysis, and finally, to company analysis. (
  • The alliance provides a forum to address technical, marketing, economic, and legislative issues that affect the industry. (
  • NEW YORK -- Designer Carmen Marc Valvo, measuring tape draped around his neck, searches under a pile of glossy fashion photographs, coffee-table books and swatches of expensive lace for tangible evidence of his anxiety about the economic recession and its effect on his industry -- one that peddles luxuries, dreams and frippery. (
  • More data, better and cheaper storage options, stronger computational power, distributed and shared processing capabilities, and more algorithms make it easier to apply analytics to large problems and derive answers from data - in every industry. (
  • Learn about the importance of the manufacturing industry from Tony Bennett and its impact on Texas' economy. (
  • Visit our interactive map to learn how the biopharmaceutical industry creates a strong, vibrant economy and a healthier America. (
  • Learn how solid waste industry workers can take better measures to prevent diseases, injuries, and fatalities. (
  • Learn and work with some of the best in the market research industry. (
  • The discovery of the Spindletop geyser in 1901 drove huge growth in the oil industry. (
  • Many growth industries, with their young and skilled workers, were relocated to public satellite towns. (
  • In the 1950s the decline of older craft-based manufacturing in the inner parts was concealed or compensated by continued growth of industries established in the interwar period. (
  • Industry is one of the pillars of the European economy - the manufacturing sector in the European Union accounts for 2 million enterprises, 33 million jobs and 60% of productivity growth. (
  • To foster industry growth the State Legislature established a program within the Department of Agriculture for the purchase of cultch (shells) for planting on the States public seed oyster beds (Gen. Statute 26-237 a). (
  • Marion Nestle, a professor of nutrition, food studies and public health at New York University, wrote an editorial accompanying the new paper in which she said the documents provided "compelling evidence" that the sugar industry had initiated research "expressly to exonerate sugar as a major risk factor for coronary heart disease. (
  • Even without such public discouragement, London's industry would probably have declined in modern times because of wider shifts in the geography of manufacturing. (
  • Fujitsu is a leading IT services company that designs, builds and operates IT systems and services for clients in both the public and private industries. (
  • Overall, today's plans should mobilise up to EUR 50 billion of public and private investments in support of the digitisation of industry. (
  • The DA/BA and the state shellfishing industry have consistently worked with Town recreational shellfishing programs to stock areas for harvest by the public. (
  • Here's how you use a LinkedIn Group to establish credibility and become a thought leader in your industry. (
  • The target for any nascent or startup business should be how to separate itself as early as possible into an emergent industry leader. (
  • In this fast-paced and highly competitive industry, network service providers (NSPs) must constantly focus on maintaining profitable revenue streams and business models by building and leveraging customer relationships. (
  • With a widespread range of industries in the business world, it may become difficult to prioritize and customize business plans. (
  • LONDON (AP) - Thousands of British gas stations ran dry Sunday, an industry group said, as motorists scrambled to fill up amid a supply disruption due to a shortage of truck drivers. (
  • The Community Financial Services Association of America, a national payday industry group, will use the comment period to push for changes in the CFPB proposal, said CEO Dennis Shaul. (
  • Japanese investments helped grow the auto industry in many countries throughout the last few decades. (
  • It's a lot of things all at once," says Varney, a leisure industry veteran with more than two decades-worth of experience. (
  • Even so, it defended industry-funded research as playing an important and informative role in scientific debate. (
  • The modern pharmaceutical industry began with local apothecaries that expanded from their traditional role distributing botanical drugs such as morphine and quinine to wholesale manufacture in the mid-1800s, and from discoveries resulting from applied research. (
  • The Services Sector has goals to eliminate occupational diseases, injuries, and fatalities among the 65 million persons working in service industries through a focused program of research and prevention. (
  • Our opportunities for development include industry representative speakers, research lab tours, resume critiques, mock interviews, conference presentation practices, and professional attire workshops. (
  • We are looking for academic speakers to talk about their research to the industry attendees at the Academic Track at CDNLive EMEA and Silicon Valley. (
  • We are looking for academic speakers to talk about their research to industry attendees. (
  • This list is not exhaustive, but includes industries that can be directly impacted by changes in U.S. production and sales of motor vehicles. (
  • The promise of the data-driven economy has been touted for a long time, and the benefits to society, whether industry-specific like distributed power generation, or larger-scale like smarter, safer, more efficient cities, can only be realized when data is shared. (
  • Big data is a big deal for industries. (
  • Customer relationship building is critical to the retail industry - and the best way to manage that is to manage big data. (
  • Due to slight differences in rounding, industry data online may not exactly match the FORTUNE 500 magazine version. (
  • However, OTM is not the only, nor the "official" U.S. Government source for trade data on the machinery industry. (
  • Stay updated with best-in-class data and industry expertise across more than 20 industries spanning retail, food, tech, and more. (