Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Tobacco Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Extraction and Processing Industry: The industry concerned with the removal of raw materials from the Earth's crust and with their conversion into refined products.Chemical Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing chemicals. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Lobbying: A process whereby representatives of a particular interest group attempt to influence governmental decision makers to accept the policy desires of the lobbying organization.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Textile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Public Relations: Relations of an individual, association, organization, hospital, or corporation with the publics which it must take into consideration in carrying out its functions. Publics may include consumers, patients, pressure groups, departments, etc.Propaganda: The deliberate attempt to influence attitudes and beliefs for furthering one's cause or damaging an opponent's cause.Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Advertising as Topic: The act or practice of calling public attention to a product, service, need, etc., especially by paid announcements in newspapers, magazines, on radio, or on television. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Meat-Packing Industry: The aggregate enterprise of technically producing packaged meat.Gift Giving: The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.Consumer Product SafetyAccidents, Occupational: Unforeseen occurrences, especially injuries in the course of work-related activities.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Dust: Earth or other matter in fine, dry particles. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Deception: The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.Occupations: Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.Financial Support: The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Construction Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of building.United StatesHealth Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Labor Unions: Organizations comprising wage and salary workers in health-related fields for the purpose of improving their status and conditions. The concept includes labor union activities toward providing health services to members.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Consumer Advocacy: The promotion and support of consumers' rights and interests.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Government: The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.Tanning: A process of preserving animal hides by chemical treatment (using vegetable tannins, metallic sulfates, and sulfurized phenol compounds, or syntans) to make them immune to bacterial attack, and subsequent treatments with fats and greases to make them pliable. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Construction Materials: Supplies used in building.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Interinstitutional Relations: The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.Persuasive Communication: A mode of communication concerned with inducing or urging the adoption of certain beliefs, theories, or lines of action by others.Investments: Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.Plastics: Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration: An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.Wood: A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.Book Industry: The aggregate enterprise of manufacturing and technically producing books. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Inhalation Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.Taxes: Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.Documentation: Systematic organization, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of specialized information, especially of a scientific or technical nature (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983). It often involves authenticating or validating information.PrintingPublic Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Product Packaging: Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.Styrene: A colorless, toxic liquid with a strong aromatic odor. It is used to make rubbers, polymers and copolymers, and polystyrene plastics.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Styrenes: Derivatives and polymers of styrene. They are used in the manufacturing of synthetic rubber, plastics, and resins. Some of the polymers form the skeletal structures for ion exchange resin beads.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Carbon Compounds, Inorganic: Inorganic compounds that contain carbon as an integral part of the molecule but are not derived from hydrocarbons.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Tobacco Smoke Pollution: Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Maximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Technology Transfer: Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.Threshold Limit Values: Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Social Responsibility: The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.Ethics, Business: The moral obligations governing the conduct of commercial or industrial enterprises.Expert Testimony: Presentation of pertinent data by one with special skill or knowledge representing mastery of a particular subject.Organizational Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.Steel: A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Interior Design and Furnishings: The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.Dermatitis, Occupational: A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.Noise, Occupational: Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.PaperVentilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Marketing of Health Services: Application of marketing principles and techniques to maximize the use of health care resources.Workplace: Place or physical location of work or employment.Environmental Pollution: Contamination of the air, bodies of water, or land with substances that are harmful to human health and the environment.MiningPaintGuidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.Motor Vehicles: AUTOMOBILES, trucks, buses, or similar engine-driven conveyances. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Silicon Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain silicon as an integral part of the molecule.Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Product Line Management: Management control systems for structuring health care delivery strategies around case types, as in DRGs, or specific clinical services.TextilesSilicon Dioxide: Transparent, tasteless crystals found in nature as agate, amethyst, chalcedony, cristobalite, flint, sand, QUARTZ, and tridymite. The compound is insoluble in water or acids except hydrofluoric acid.Perfume: A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Engineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Equipment and Supplies: Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.Workers' Compensation: Insurance coverage providing compensation and medical benefits to individuals because of work-connected injuries or disease.Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.European Union: The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Isocyanates: Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Entrepreneurship: The organization, management, and assumption of risks of a business or enterprise, usually implying an element of change or challenge and a new opportunity.Pneumoconiosis: A diffuse parenchymal lung disease caused by inhalation of dust and by tissue reaction to their presence. These inorganic, organic, particulate, or vaporized matters usually are inhaled by workers in their occupational environment, leading to the various forms (ASBESTOSIS; BYSSINOSIS; and others). Similar air pollution can also have deleterious effects on the general population.Industrial Microbiology: The study, utilization, and manipulation of those microorganisms capable of economically producing desirable substances or changes in substances, and the control of undesirable microorganisms.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.RestaurantsCoal MiningProduct Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a product or its container or wrapper. It includes purpose, effect, description, directions, hazards, warnings, and other relevant information.Consumer Organizations: Organized groups of users of goods and services.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.Commonwealth of Independent StatesFacility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Great BritainConsultants: Individuals referred to for expert or professional advice or services.Drug Discovery: The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.Asbestos: Asbestos. Fibrous incombustible mineral composed of magnesium and calcium silicates with or without other elements. It is relatively inert chemically and used in thermal insulation and fireproofing. Inhalation of dust causes asbestosis and later lung and gastrointestinal neoplasms.Disclosure: Revealing of information, by oral or written communication.Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Aviation: Design, development, manufacture, and operation of heavier-than-air AIRCRAFT.Healthy Worker Effect: Phenomenon of workers' usually exhibiting overall death rates lower than those of the general population due to the fact that the severely ill and disabled are ordinarily excluded from employment.Drug Approval: Process that is gone through in order for a drug to receive approval by a government regulatory agency. This includes any required pre-clinical or clinical testing, review, submission, and evaluation of the applications and test results, and post-marketing surveillance of the drug.Legislation, Drug: Laws concerned with manufacturing, dispensing, and marketing of drugs.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Legislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Organizations: Administration and functional structures for the purpose of collectively systematizing activities for a particular goal.Capital Expenditures: Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.Quartz: Quartz (SiO2). A glassy or crystalline form of silicon dioxide. Many colored varieties are semiprecious stones. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Respiratory Tract DiseasesPolyvinyl Chloride: A polyvinyl resin used extensively in the manufacture of plastics, including medical devices, tubing, and other packaging. It is also used as a rubber substitute.Alcoholic Beverages: Drinkable liquids containing ETHANOL.Air Pollution, Indoor: The contamination of indoor air.Food Inspection: Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Biomedical Technology: The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.Financing, Organized: All organized methods of funding.Neoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Fisheries: Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Technology, Industry, and AgricultureMedical Tourism: Travel to another country for the purpose of medical treatment.Health Facility Merger: The combining of administrative and organizational resources of two or more health care facilities.Safety Management: The development of systems to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences in an institutional setting. The concept includes prevention or reduction of adverse events or incidents involving employees, patients, or facilities. Examples include plans to reduce injuries from falls or plans for fire safety to promote a safe institutional environment.Social Control, Formal: Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Charities: Social welfare organizations with programs designed to assist individuals in need.Clinical Trials as Topic: Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Silicosis: A form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust containing crystalline form of SILICON DIOXIDE, usually in the form of quartz. Amorphous silica is relatively nontoxic.Public-Private Sector Partnerships: An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.Insurance Carriers: Organizations which assume the financial responsibility for the risks of policyholders.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Electronics: The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Occupational Injuries: Injuries sustained from incidents in the course of work-related activities.Government Agencies: Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.Safety: Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.Cotton Fiber: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.Tobacco Products: Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Industrial Oils: Oils which are used in industrial or commercial applications.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Benzene: Toxic, volatile, flammable liquid hydrocarbon byproduct of coal distillation. It is used as an industrial solvent in paints, varnishes, lacquer thinners, gasoline, etc. Benzene causes central nervous system damage acutely and bone marrow damage chronically and is carcinogenic. It was formerly used as parasiticide.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Mineral Fibers: Long, pliable, cohesive natural or manufactured filaments of various lengths. They form the structure of some minerals. The medical significance lies in their potential ability to cause various types of PNEUMOCONIOSIS (e.g., ASBESTOSIS) after occupational or environmental exposure. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p708)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Respiration Disorders: Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.Financial Management: The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Automobiles: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for passenger transportation and commonly propelled by an internal-combustion engine using a volatile fuel. (Webster, 1973)Diatomaceous Earth: A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Aquaculture: Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)

Hierarchical cluster analysis applied to workers' exposures in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. (1/1312)

The objectives of this study were to explore the application of cluster analysis to the characterization of multiple exposures in industrial hygiene practice and to compare exposure groupings based on the result from cluster analysis with that based on non-measurement-based approaches commonly used in epidemiology. Cluster analysis was performed for 37 workers simultaneously exposed to three agents (endotoxin, phenolic compounds and formaldehyde) in fiberglass insulation manufacturing. Different clustering algorithms, including complete-linkage (or farthest-neighbor), single-linkage (or nearest-neighbor), group-average and model-based clustering approaches, were used to construct the tree structures from which clusters can be formed. Differences were observed between the exposure clusters constructed by these different clustering algorithms. When contrasting the exposure classification based on tree structures with that based on non-measurement-based information, the results indicate that the exposure clusters identified from the tree structures had little in common with the classification results from either the traditional exposure zone or the work group classification approach. In terms of the defining homogeneous exposure groups or from the standpoint of health risk, some toxicological normalization in the components of the exposure vector appears to be required in order to form meaningful exposure groupings from cluster analysis. Finally, it remains important to see if the lack of correspondence between exposure groups based on epidemiological classification and measurement data is a peculiarity of the data or a more general problem in multivariate exposure analysis.  (+info)

Decolorization and detoxification of extraction-stage effluent from chlorine bleaching of kraft pulp by Rhizopus oryzae. (2/1312)

Rhizopus oryzae, a zygomycete, was found to decolorize, dechlorinate, and detoxify bleach plant effluent at lower cosubstrate concentrations than the basidiomycetes previously investigated. With glucose at 1 g/liter, this fungus removed 92 to 95% of the color, 50% of the chemical oxygen demand, 72% of the adsorbable organic halide, and 37% of the extractable organic halide in 24 h at temperatures of 25 to 45 degrees C and a pH of 3 to 5. Even without added cosubstrate the fungus removed up to 78% of the color. Monomeric chlorinated aromatic compounds were removed almost completely, and toxicity to zebra fish was eliminated. The fungal mycelium could be immobilized in polyurethane foam and used repeatedly to treat batches of effluent. The residue after treatment was not further improved by exposure to fresh R. oryzae mycelium.  (+info)

An epidemiological study on the association between the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts, and risk factors of ischemic heart disease by smoking status in Japanese factory workers. (3/1312)

Several epidemiologic studies have shown the association between total leukocyte count and the risk of developing myocardial infarction. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts and risk factors of ischemic heart disease in 1,384 Japanese factory workers. Total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were significantly higher in current smokers than in non-smokers. Among current smokers, the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were positively associated with the number of cigarettes smoked daily and the duration of cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption. Being independent of smoking habit, the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were also related to several characteristics recorded at the physical examinations. The total leukocyte and neutrophil counts were positively associated with serum total cholesterol, serum triglyceride and hematocrit levels, and inversely associated with the serum HDL-cholesterol level. No significant associations of the total leukocyte or neutrophil counts were found with the red blood cell count and hemoglobin level. These results suggest that the total leukocyte and neutrophil counts may represent the metabolic condition with a high coronary risk among apparently healthy people.  (+info)

The contribution of acute toxicity in animals to occupational exposure limits of chemical substances. (4/1312)

The correlations of lethal doses of various industrial chemicals for rats and mice with occupational exposure limit values were investigated. 50% lethal dose (LD50) values obtained by oral (p.o.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection and 50% lethal concentration (LC50) values obtained by inhalation exposure were collected from Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS). Threshold Limit Value (Time-Weighted Average) (TLVs-TWA) and Threshold Limit Value (Short Term Exposure Limit) (TLVs-STEL) recommended by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) were used as exposure limits. TLVs-TWA or TLVs-STEL and LD50 or LC50 values obtained for the rats were plotted on logarithmic scales on the ordinate and abscissa, respectively. High correlations were obtained between these parameters. The order of correlations was: TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s > TLVs-TWA vs. LC50s > TLVs-TWA vs. LD50s i.p. > TLVs vs. LD50s p.o. The same calculations for the relationship between TLVs and lethal doses in mice were also performed. The order of the three types of correlations was same as that of the rats; however, correlation coefficients for TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s and for TLVs-TWA vs. LC50s obtained in mice were smaller than those in rats. TLVs-TWA are, therefore, well correlated with LC50 values rather than LD50 values, particularly with those in rats. High correlations between TLVs-STEL vs. LC50s were also obtained, as had been expected before calculation. The equation: TLV-TWA = 10b x (LC50)a can be obtained from these plottings, where the values a and b are taken from each linear regression line. TLV-TWA for each chemical can be calculated by using LC50 and the equation. The upper and lower 95% confidence limits for calculated TLV-TWA were TLV-TWA (calculated from LC50) x 22.9 and TLV-TWA (calculated)/22.9, respectively, where LC50 for rats expressed in ppm x hr was used.  (+info)

Effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions in engineers in an electronics manufacturing company. (5/1312)

A field survey of 147 engineers (23-49 years) in an electronics manufacturing company was conducted to investigate the effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions (urinary catecholamines, heart rate variability and blood pressure). The subjects were divided into 3 groups by age: 23-29 (n = 49), 30-39 (n = 74) and 40-49 (n = 24) year groups. Subjects in each age group were further divided into shorter (SWH) and longer (LWH) working hour subgroups according to the median of weekly working hours. In the 30-39 year group, urinary noradrenaline in the afternoon for LWH was significantly lower than that for SWH and a similar tendency was found in the LF/HF ratio of heart rate variability at rest. Because these two autonomic nervous indices are related to sympathetic nervous activity, the findings suggested that sympathetic nervous activity for LWH was lower than that for SWH in the 30-39 year group. Furthermore, there were significant relationships both between long working hours and short sleeping hours, and between short sleeping hours and high complaint rates of "drowsiness and dullness" in the morning in this age group. Summarizing these results, it appeared that long working hours might lower sympathetic nervous activity due to chronic sleep deprivation.  (+info)

The present state and future prospects of occupational health in Bangladesh. (6/1312)

Bangladesh is a relatively young and developing country. At the present time, like in most developing countries, a clear demarcation between occupational health care and general medical care is difficult to be recognized in Bangladesh. Occupational health is a fairly new field, as the country is undergoing industrialization and occupational health activities are operated by several ministries, such as Labour, Health, Industry and Transport. Legal foundations of the occupational health-care system based on British India and Pakistani era, were adopted and amended by the Government of Bangladesh after the liberation of the country in 1971. Most of the Labour laws have been rectified by the Government of Bangladesh according to the ILO Conventions. Reconsideration of the occupational health service system avoiding duplication for the 'occupational health' component in several ministries might be helpful to achieve the successful provision of an occupational health service in the developing Bangladesh.  (+info)

Water pollution and human health in China. (7/1312)

China's extraordinary economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization, coupled with inadequate investment in basic water supply and treatment infrastructure, have resulted in widespread water pollution. In China today approximately 700 million people--over half the population--consume drinking water contaminated with levels of animal and human excreta that exceed maximum permissible levels by as much as 86% in rural areas and 28% in urban areas. By the year 2000, the volume of wastewater produced could double from 1990 levels to almost 78 billion tons. These are alarming trends with potentially serious consequences for human health. This paper reviews and analyzes recent Chinese reports on public health and water resources to shed light on what recent trends imply for China's environmental risk transition. This paper has two major conclusions. First, the critical deficits in basic water supply and sewage treatment infrastructure have increased the risk of exposure to infectious and parasitic disease and to a growing volume of industrial chemicals, heavy metals, and algal toxins. Second, the lack of coordination between environmental and public health objectives, a complex and fragmented system to manage water resources, and the general treatment of water as a common property resource mean that the water quality and quantity problems observed as well as the health threats identified are likely to become more acute.  (+info)

La roca magica: uses of natural zeolites in agriculture and industry. (8/1312)

For nearly 200 years since their discovery in 1756, geologists considered the zeolite minerals to occur as fairly large crystals in the vugs and cavities of basalts and other traprock formations. Here, they were prized by mineral collectors, but their small abundance and polymineralic nature defied commercial exploitation. As the synthetic zeolite (molecular sieve) business began to take hold in the late 1950s, huge beds of zeolite-rich sediments, formed by the alteration of volcanic ash (glass) in lake and marine waters, were discovered in the western United States and elsewhere in the world. These beds were found to contain as much as 95% of a single zeolite; they were generally flat-lying and easily mined by surface methods. The properties of these low-cost natural materials mimicked those of many of their synthetic counterparts, and considerable effort has made since that time to develop applications for them based on their unique adsorption, cation-exchange, dehydration-rehydration, and catalytic properties. Natural zeolites (i.e., those found in volcanogenic sedimentary rocks) have been and are being used as building stone, as lightweight aggregate and pozzolans in cements and concretes, as filler in paper, in the take-up of Cs and Sr from nuclear waste and fallout, as soil amendments in agronomy and horticulture, in the removal of ammonia from municipal, industrial, and agricultural waste and drinking waters, as energy exchangers in solar refrigerators, as dietary supplements in animal diets, as consumer deodorizers, in pet litters, in taking up ammonia from animal manures, and as ammonia filters in kidney-dialysis units. From their use in construction during Roman times, to their role as hydroponic (zeoponic) substrate for growing plants on space missions, to their recent success in the healing of cuts and wounds, natural zeolites are now considered to be full-fledged mineral commodities, the use of which promise to expand even more in the future.  (+info)

Downloadable! Energy is far and wide regarded as a driving force behind manufacturing sector production. However, energy intensity is a measure of how efficiently energy is used in the manufacturing sector. This makes it crucial to examine energy efficiency and manufacturing sector performance in Nigeria from 1986-2017. Time series secondary data sourced from CBN Statistical Bulletin and International Energy Agency on manufacturing sector contribution to GDP as proxy for manufacturing sector performance was used as dependent variable, while energy efficiency proxy by energy intensity with labour and capital intensity as the independent variables. The study employed estimation techniques of ADF unit root test, Johansen co-integration test and Error Correction Model. The results based on Error Correction Model revealed that 65% of the deviation in the variables employed in the study would be restored in one year. It was also revealed that energy intensity, labour intensity and capital intensity had
President Yoweri Museveni has dedicated the new year of 2017 as a period when the government will launch massive industrialisation of the country focusing on import substitution and export promotion.. In his new year message to the nation that he gave today at his country home in Rwakitura, Nyabushozi county in Kiruhuura district, the President said that the countrys economy has for long suffered due to importing more than we export to other countries and the resultant negative balance of trade. He said that it was high time the country embarked on mass industrialisation to produce for the local market and for export.. The President, who cited China, which exports to Uganda goods worth US$875 million dollars while importing from Uganda goods worth US$54.7 million dollars and India which exports to Uganda goods worth US$1.154 billion while Uganda only exports to India goods worth US$24.8 million, described that trade relationship as a haemorrhage of both money and jobs.. President Museveni, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Industrialization of a perfusion bioreactor. T2 - Prime example of a non-straightforward process. AU - Talò, G. AU - Turrisi, C. AU - Arrigoni, C. AU - Recordati, C. AU - Gerges, I. AU - Tamplenizza, M. AU - Cappelluti, A. AU - Riboldi, S A. AU - Moretti, M. N1 - Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.. PY - 2018/2. Y1 - 2018/2. N2 - Bioreactors are essential enabling technologies for the translation of advanced therapies medicinal products from the research field towards a successful clinical application. In order to speed up the translation and the spread of novel tissue engineering products into the clinical routine, tissue engineering bioreactors should evolve from laboratory prototypes towards industrialized products. In this work, we thus challenged the industrialization process of a novel technological platform, based on an established research prototype of perfusion bioreactor, following a GMP-driven approach. We describe how the combination of scientific background, ...
INDUSTRIALIZATION Industrialisation :The process in which a society or country (or world) transforms itself from a primarily agricultural society into one
From David Onwuchekwa, Nnewi. Minister of Science and Technology, Dr Ogbonnaya Onu, yesterday, said the people of Nnewi in Anambra state have shown Nigeria the direction to go in industrialization and technology development with their resolve to produce most of the things imported from overseas in Nnewi.. Speaking during an interactive session and certificate presentation ceremony to graduands and entrepreneurs of Technology Incubation Center, Nnewi, Dr Onu said the people of Nnewi started producing motor spare parts adding that today the most notable vehicle producing company, Innoson Vehicle Manufacturing Company ( IVM ) is located in Nnewi.. "We cannot continue to be importing some of the things we can produce in Nigeria. It does not benefit us as a great nation. If we continue importing, we end up exporting jobs and make our people to remain unemployed while we are employing foreigners and we equally deny ourselves some revenues we would have earned," he said.. ...
Get this from a library! Work and authority in industry : ideologies of management in the course of industrialization. [Reinhard Bendix; University of California, Berkeley. Institute of Industrial Relations.]
Two trends will dominate biosecurity over the next decade, shaping both opportunities and threats. The first is industrialization, as biotechnology becomes a globally important manufacturing base and economic force. The second is personalization, as an increasing number of individuals become able to harness the biological sciences to their own ends. The rules and regulations that emerge to govern the field will have an important impact. Safety will also be a major concern, because no laboratory is 100 percent accident free; to lower the risk to lab workers and the public, establishing protocols, using protective equipment, and raising the political profile of biosafety are essential. To meet the biosecurity challenge it will also be necessary to have health care systems that can rapidly respond to epidemics. Partnerships between nations will become even more important for learning early about potential threats, preventing them where possible, and acting quickly to limit their consequences. ...
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The concept of 'The perception of the quality of life' is discussed and analysed. The measurement of the various components is illustrated and the use for national planning of such measurements is demonstrated. This is achieved through the presentation of some relevant findings of research done on the perception of the quality of life during rapid industrialization. Die konseptualisasie van 'Die warneming van die kwaliteit van lewe' word bespreek en ontleed. Die meting van verskeie komponente word geïllustreer en die gebruik daarvan vir nasionale beplanning aangedui. Daarvoor word 'n aantal toepaslike empiriese bevindinge ivm die waarneming van die kwaliteit van lewe gedurende vinnige industrialisasie voorgedra.
GLOBAL - Industrialisation can be an important tool for poverty and hunger reduction but should not come at the expense of agricultural development, said FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva.
Rapid industrialization since the start of the 20 century is responsible for the longer life expectancy rather than genetic changes, according to a new study.
Buy or Rent Industrialization of Drug Discovery as an eTextbook and get instant access. With VitalSource, you can save up to 80% compared to print.
Africa Renewal: You are attending a meeting on industrialization in developing countries, which includes many African countries. How does Africa fit in the picture?. Li Yong: The ECOSOC [UNs Economic and Social Council] meeting is important because of SDG 9, which calls for inclusive sustainable industrialization, innovation and infrastructure. Africa has to compete within the global value chain, the manufacturing value addition and with the growth and speed of other regions. Two-thirds of the least developed countries are in Africa. Due to underdevelopment of the industrial sector, some countries are not growing fast enough.. What are the factors hindering Africas industrialization?. The sudden drop in commodity prices caused problems because it lowered the competitiveness of commodities-dependent countries.. But commodity prices dropped only recently.. No, not just recently. Lets say this has been the case throughout the last century. But let me talk about factors hindering ...
The present review examines the link between Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and economic performance, especially as it relates to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). It is essential to stress from the outset that while there is no clear definition of economic performance, there are indicators that can examine the concept and its importance to businesses. OSH is not usually viewed as a contributory factor to the economic viability of an organisation. Compliance with government guidelines, regulations and laws is generally the primary focus of OSH policies.
Wholesale Industrial Air Purifier - Select 2018 high quality Wholesale Industrial Air Purifier products in best price from certified Chinese Water Air Purifier manufacturers, Ce Air Purifier suppliers, wholesalers and factory on Made-in-China.com
Ecology Of Industry Sectors & Linkages by Deanna Richards available in Trade Paperback on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. This volume provides insights into the environmental practices of five industry sectors: materials...
BizStats offers free industry financial reports for the Petroleum and coal products manufacturing sector in corporate report format.
Downloadable! The costs of hiring a worker generally differ in size from the firing costs. This article investigates optimal labour demand schedules for production and nonproduction workers of firms that operate under uncertainty and face asymmetric costs of adjusting their workforce. In the empirical part generalised methods of moments (GMM) estimates of the structural parameters of the Euler conditions for production and nonproduction workers are presented, together with specification and structural stability tests, using time series data of the Netherlands and UK manufacturing sectors. We find that asymmetric adjustment costs play an important role in the explanation of unbalanced labour demand between upward and downward movements of the business cycle. Moreover, hiring costs exceed firing costs of production workers, whereas firing costs exceed hiring costs of nonproduction workers.
KARACHI: Businessmen and investors expressing concerns over free trade agreement with China, said it would badly hurt the manufacturing sector of Pakistan.Addressing a ceremony on the completion of...
Article Determinants of plant performance dynamics: empirical analysis of the manufacturing sector in Indonesia, 1990-2000. We identify determinants of plant dynamics and find their differences before, during, and after the Asian financial crisis. Th...
Stock video footage Old plant factory industrial facility establishing shot aerial view. 00:00:12 4k. From $299. Royalty free. Download now on Pond5 |||
Many industrial facility tasks are considered construction in nature, Health & Safety training will help you find out what this means to your workplace.
This market research report looks into and analyzes the Oncology Information System market and illustrates a comprehensive evaluation of its evolution and its specifications. Another aspect that was considered is the cost analysis of the main products dominant in the global Oncology Information System industry considering the profit margin of the manufacturers.. Get Sample Copy of this Report: https://www.researchnreports.com/request_sample.php?id=44463. This Oncology Information System industry market research report focuses on the major players in this market throughout the world. This section of the report includes the company profiles, specification and product pictures, production, capacity, contact information, cost and revenue. Likewise, equipment & upstream raw materials and downstream demand analysis is also dealt with.. In addition, this research is categorized differently considering the various aspects of this market. It also evaluates the current situation and the future of the ...
Dear Comrade Editor:. In his clear and valuable letter to the Editor (Labor Action, August 24), Brother Jacoby takes issue with, my article on the crisis in the needle trades (Labor Action, July 20) on one point, to wit: "There is no law that says that garments are to be made only in the East. The industrialization of the South, in the last analysis, is to be welcomed by unionists, militants, class conscious workers.". Jacoby contends that while this is abstractly correct, this industrialization is a conscious effort of military officials to break the Eastern industry and its unions and is not a natural or necessary expansion of the garment industry.. It is certainly necessary to expose the motive and aims, as our article did, of the Southern congressmen who have successfully exerted pressure on the Administration and connived with the Army officials to establish non-union Southern plants. But the establishment of these Southern factories is a fact. More Important, top; is the fact that ...
Dezeen readers have the chance to win a signed copy of a book documenting the works of Industrial Facility, and its founders Sam Hecht and Kim Colin.
Finance and farming have not always been easy partners in Africa. Another pillar of the Banks strategy is to accelerate commercial financing for agriculture. Despite its importance, the agriculture sector receives less than 3% of the overall industry financing provided by the banking sector.. Risk sharing instruments may resolve this, by sharing the risk of lending by commercial banks to the agriculture sector. Development finance institutions and multilateral development banks should be setting up national risk-sharing facilities in every African country to leverage agricultural finance. And the African Development Bank is setting the pace based on a very successful risk sharing scheme that I promoted while Agriculture Minister in Nigeria.. Rural infrastructure development is critical for the transformation of the agriculture sector, including electricity, water, roads and rail to transport finished agricultural and processed foods.. The lack of this infrastructure drives up the cost of doing ...
The conditions and factors which influenced entry into the export market were addressed by the case studies, shedding some light on the path which was followed in the history of exporting and providing some insights into the process and activities which led to the first entry into export markets. Exporting strategy The case studies have shown that most exporting firms started by serving the domestic market. The strategy of exporting came later in response to developments in their domestic markets. Most of these enterprises started exporting to regional markets, mainly in countries which did not have similar industries. The share of exports in total output is usually small (about 5-15 per cent). With such a small share of exports in their total sales, some of these firms could sell in the export market at a loss, the loss being offset by more profitable sales in the domestic market. Firms in this category have tended to position themselves with a fairly broad competitive scope, reflecting the ...
Modern Asian economic history has often been written in terms of Western impact and Asias response to it. This book argues that the growth of intra-regional trade, migration, and capital and money flows was a crucial factor that determined the course of East Asian economic development. The chapters are organized around three main themes. First, economic interactions between Japan and China were important in shaping the pattern of regional industrialization. Neither country imported technology and organizations, and attempted to catch up with the West alone. Japans industrialization took place, taking advantage of the Chinese merchant networks in Asia, while the Chinese competition was a critical factor in the Japanese technological and organizational upgrading in the interwar period. Second, the pattern of Chinas integration into the international economy was shaped by the growth of intra-Asian trade, migration, and capital flows and remittances. While the Western impact was mostly confined to
Aganga said the backward integration policy has been consistently pursued and sustained in the cement sub-sector, which would enable Nigeria to be self-sufficient in the production of cement. This has prompted the Federal Government to also introduce backward integration in the non-oil sector of the economy.. Recently, the Federal Government kicked off the implementation of the Nigerian Sugar Master Plan with many incentives to stakeholders and investors to raise the countrys local sugar production to a self-sufficiency level, stem the tide of high importation of the commodity, contribute to the production of ethanol/generation of about 411MW of electricity and create 117,181 jobs.. UNIDO has been a major development partner to the country and has contributed to the nations industrial development and improvement in the living standards of the peopl through its numerous programmes and projects across the country.. UNIDO and the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment and state governments are ...
Padma Desai, Gladys and Roland Harriman Professor of Comparative Economic Systems and Director of the Center for Transition Economies at Columbia University, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She was President of the Association for Comparative Economic Studies in 2001. She received her Ph. D. in economics from Harvard University in 1960 where she began her teaching career. Professor Desai has published extensively in professional journals on issues of economic planning in the Soviet Union before she switched her research agenda to economic reforms in Russia and the emerging market economies. Her latest writings focus on the globalization of these economies and their exposure to financial crisis. Among her publications are: Planning for Industrialization A Study of Indian Industrialization and Trade Policies (with J. Bhagwati), OECD Development Center, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1970; second printing; paperback edition. The Bokaro Steel Plant A Study of Soviet Economic ...
All content on this blog is provided by Trewe LLC for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information. These terms and conditions of use are subject to change at anytime and without notice.. ...
All content on this blog is provided by Trewe LLC for informational purposes only. The owner of this blog makes no representations as to the accuracy or completeness of any information on this site or found by following any link on this site. The owner will not be liable for any errors or omissions in this information nor for the availability of this information. The owner will not be liable for any losses, injuries, or damages from the display or use of this information. These terms and conditions of use are subject to change at anytime and without notice.. ...
When we see records being broken and unprecedented events such as this, the onus is on those who deny any connection to climate change to prove their case. Global warming has fundamentally altered the background conditions that give rise to all weather. In the strictest sense, all weather is now connected to climate change. Kevin Trenberth. HIT THE PAGE DOWN KEY TO SEE THE POSTS Now at 8,800+ articles. HIT THE PAGE DOWN KEY TO SEE THE POSTS. ...
Tanzania rolled out a red carpet to Indias Prime Minister, Narendra Modi who arrived in Dar es Salaam on Saturday night in his five-day, four-nation tour of Africa to drum up business between India and African countries.
If you wish to submit an article to the editor for consideration, please contact us at [email protected] with Blog article for consideration as your subject line. If the editor wishes to publish your article, they will get in touch and request a short bio and/or photo for publishing. Please note that we reserve the right to review and make grammatical edits to the article if it is published. ...
Global Industrial Sludge Treatment Chemicals Market was valued at US$4.1 bn in 2013 and is expected to be valued at US$6.1 bn by 2020, exhibiting a CAGR of 5.8% from 2014 to 2020.
Thanks to cloud orchestration, you can accelerate your business applications with resource automation tools, such as the Kubernetes Managed Service.
Allow me to restate that a little more elegantly, Victoria. I think its a mistake to draw a straight line connecting Lenin to Information Age subsistence-level communities. I see you focusing overtly on ideology at both ends. The problem is that there is no straight line that is direct. There were a bunch of developments between the two - many of which involved practical, non-ideological responses in getting to where we are now. Lenin lived during the era of industrialization. At that time there were voices, of course, expressing caution (even Melvilles Moby Dick is said to do this), but it was long after Lenins death that the degree and scale of actual environmental devastation that accompanied and followed industrialization became too evident to ignore. The Clean Air and Water acts were not ideological responses. These were practical, bipartisan (if Im not mistaken) bills. Theres nothing ideological to responses of horror to the river of a major American city catching fire and a good ...
Professor Ashutosh Varshney of Brown University analyzes the current state of Indias democratic system as well as the strengths and challenges in this rapidly growing nation. Full interview.}
Our ancestors (early humans) moved around a lot in rugged terrain (there were no cars then) and thus, I would assume, had plenty of physical activity and exercise. Their diet consisted mainly of fruits and vegetables that were low in sodium and high in potassium. Progress and industrialization, however, has reversed most of that way of life. The question is, has our bodies evolved and adapted to such progress? If so, why are there so many cases of hypertension, stroke, heart conditions and diabetes? These questions make me wonder if we can pick up some lessons from early humans on how we can modify our lives and become healthier individuals. I am not saying industrialization is bad. Im saying if our bodies cannot adapt, then we should at least modify our lifestyle --- mainly diet and exercise ...
Cytokines are a class of small molecule proteins with broad biological activity synthesized and secreted by immune cells (such as monocytes, macrophages, T cells, B cells, NK cells, etc.) and certain non-immune cells (endothelial cells, epidermal cells, fibroblasts, etc.) Immune responses are regulated by binding to the respective receptors to regulate cell growth, differentiation and effects. Cytokines (CK) are low-molecular-weight soluble proteins that are produced by various types of cells induced by immunogens, mitogens, or other stimulants. They have the ability to regulate innate immunity [1] and adaptive immunity [2], hematopoiesis, cell growth, and damage tissue repair and other functions.. Cytokines can be divided into interleukins, interferons, tumor necrosis factor superfamily, colony stimulating factors, chemokines, growth factors etc. Cytokines form a very complex cytokine regulatory network in the body and participate in many important physiological functions of the human body. ...
Watch video lessons to learn how and why the Western world was ready for such a major shift in lifestyle and technological advancement. These...
Industry Sectors Covered: Biotechgate covers the Biotech, Pharma and Medical Technology (Medtech) industries. In addition the database includes companies providing tools and services to the industry (such as suppliers, investors, institutes or professional service companies).
There is a deeper, multi-year story to be told about the repair and restructuring of foundational elements underpinning economic performance. Id like now to give a progress report on certain of the economys fundamentals. I will comment on five.. The first of these is the condition of household finances. The financial health of households and consumers is better, broadly speaking, but not yet rosy-cheeked. The process of achieving full health will take longer. Consumer spending is in the long run driven by income growth and wealth. For quite a number of years, consumers believed house price appreciation could be counted on as a source of individual wealth accumulation. And consumers believed that income growth would continue more or less uninterrupted. As a consequence, households were highly leveraged as the recession hit. Consumer debt levels have since improved, admittedly in part because of charge-offs and foreclosures, but also thanks to higher saving rates and less inclination and ability ...
Bald eagles eat a wide variety of food, including other birds, mammals, reptiles, and invertebrates. They take their food live, freshly killed, frozen and left in the nest, or as carrion, and they can gorge food quickly and fast for days if need be. Peregrine falcons eat almost solely other birds they catch in flight, but many birds winter in Minnesota and Iowa, especially in cities and along open stretches of water. While there has historically been some natural open water along the Mississippi river during the winter (Eagle Valley, for example), the number of open water spots has increased with industrialization. Power plants discharge warm water that keeps stretches of rivers and lakes ice-free, providing spots for birds like swans and geese to winter (especially when people feed them, as they do here). Cities and industrial sites provide food and shelter for non-migratory birds like rock doves, which builds populations and makes wintering in place much easier. Even in the harshest winter, ...
CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction , Million metric tons: CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction (million metric tons). CO2 emissions from manufacturing industries and construction contains the emissions from combustion of fuels in industry. The IPCC Source/Sink Category 1 A 2 includes these emissions. However, in the 1996 IPCC Guidelines, the IPCC category also includes emissions from industry autoproducers that generate electricity and/or heat. The IEA data are not collected in a way that allows the energy consumption to be split by specific end-use and therefore, autoproducers are shown as a separate item (Unallocated Autoproducers). Manufacturing industries and construction also includes emissions from coke inputs into blast furnaces, which may be reported either in the transformation sector, the industry sector or the separate IPCC Source/Sink Category 2, Industrial Processes ...
This thesis focuses on exacerbating chemicals risk in workplaces under the background of rapid industrialization in developing countries. The overall aim is to investigate the development of regulatory tools which aim at minimizing the health risks from chemical substances in the workplace. The contents of the thesis are divided into three sections: the profile of occupational diseases in China (paper I), occupational exposure limits (paper II and III), and comparison between chemicals regulat ions in Europe and China (paper IV).. Paper I presents an analysis of the development of occupational diseases in China between 2000 and 2010. The number of recorded cases of occupational diseases increased rapidly in China during this period and the majority of cases were attributable to dust and other chemicals exposures. Difficulties in diagnosis and inefficient surveillance are major impediments to the proper identification and mitigation of occupational diseases. Migrant workers are extremely ...
Latest news on manufacturing sector, including, capital equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, clothing, textiles, foundries, forges, die-casting, furniture, wood products, hydraulics, industrial filters, filtration, instrumentation and control, metals an
Latest news on manufacturing sector, including, capital equipment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, clothing, textiles, foundries, forges, die-casting, furniture, wood products, hydraulics, industrial filters, filtration, instrumentation and control, metals an
Delta Governor, Senator (Dr) Ifeanyi Okowa, on Tuesday said activities would begin soon at Kwale Industrial Park as methanol and transmission tower manufacturing companies had indicated readiness to set up their plants in the state.. The governor made the disclosure at the South-South Export Enlightenment and Engagement Forum organised by the Nigeria Export-Import Bank (NEXIM Bank) in conjunction with Delta Government in Asaba.. He said "Our investment drives have started paying off; our state has commenced the process of take-off of the Kwale Industrial Park located along Ughelli-Asaba Expressway.. "Expected to drive this administrations industrialization agenda, the Park has the potential to be Nigerias biggest location for gas and energy intensive manufacturing such as ceramics, rubber and methanol.. "I can confidently say that we engaged in a successful road show at China which will bring about the establishment of a methanol manufacturing plant at the park within the next few months; pulp ...
Industry. And the central panels by the doorway representing Construction, Destruction and Reconstruction. Remember, it was the ...
The salt mining industry in Goderich is one of the oldest in Ontario. In 1866, petroleum exploration crews found a massive ... "Industry". Goderich. Town of Goderich. 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2017. "Get in touch with us". Volvo Construction Equipment - ... The town indicates that tourism is among its important industries. It has been named one of Ontario's best small towns by ... In addition to flight services, several industries are located in the immediate area of the airport to provide the full range ...
In 1987, it took the name Kansas Chamber of Commerce and Industry. It 2004, it returned to its 1925 name, Kansas Chamber of ... The chamber created a number of committees in 1930: agriculture; industry; tourist travel; advertising and publicity; research ... and large employers from all industry sectors. It strives to build meaningful coalitions and collaborative partnerships that ... it adopted the name Kansas Association of Commerce and Industry in 1972. ...
ISBN 978-0-12-374347-3. Braun, Elizabeth; Division Of Technology, United Nations Environment Programme; Industry,; Economics,; ...
"Industry". Uboat.net. Retrieved 15 December 2012. "Jeannot". Uboat.net. Retrieved 28 October 2012. "BRITISH FISHING VESSELS ...
Crawford 2002, p. 2. Warder, Ginger (2006). "A Personal Landscape". Industry. Strandquest, Joni (2002). "Thomas: A Thirst for ...
"Industry". 2011 Census Data. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 March 2013. "Occupation (minor groups)". 2011 Census ... the amount of agricultural work has decreased and the number of people working in the service industry has risen sharply. There ...
It is attributed to the presence of polluting industries and the indiscriminate use of modern pesticides and other toxic ... in the winter of 2013 Major industries in Bathinda include National Fertilizers Plant, Bathinda is home of two cement plants, ... selenium and mercury primarily due to the discharge of untreated waste water from surrounding industries. Unscientific farming ... ". "Industry". Archived from the original on 2005-06-07. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved ...
He held the Greens portfolios of Forests; Energy; Attorney-General and Justice; Small Business; Industry; Racing and Gaming; ...
"Industry". Uboat.net. Retrieved 13 November 2012. "Linz (5607862)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 6 March 2016. "Njordur". ...
"Industry". Uboat.net. Retrieved 8 October 2012. "HMS Nasturtium". Uboat.net. Retrieved 19 October 2012. "Aegusa". Uboat.net. ...
Nicholas Carr (2003) has caused significant controversy in IT industry and academia by positioning IT as an expense similar to ... However, achieving such universality of measurement is going to take considerable effort in the IT industry (see, for example, ... achieving future , on future , (Developer) ,business success , industry , , (Entrepreneur) , competitiveness ,Central Planning ...
... industry; community organizations (including Panchayats or local governments, voluntary organizations, etc.). In sum, PHC ...
Makepeace, M. (2011). "Swalwell: Today and Yesterday". Industry. Retrieved January 18, 2012. ...
In 1987 the party also had 18 departments (agitation and propaganda; agriculture, food industry, forestry and water management ... industry; transport and communications; international affairs; mass media; political organisation; science and technology; ...
Short entries may convey the nature of the work in some respects (only). INDUSTRY. Apart from a bit of pottery and light ... metalwork or some slagheaps around the domain of the DARK LORD, most Tours encounter no industry at all. Even the EMBROIDERY ...
"Industry". North Carolina Sweet Potato Commission. 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. "Watch Your Garden Grow - Sweet Potato". ...
The company went on to produce a range of paints and coatings used in the aviation industry including a range of military ... "Industry." Pigment & Resin Technology, Vol. 15, Issue 9, pp. 23-25. Bibliography Amos, Peter. Miles Aircraft - The Early Years ... Titanine continues to be manufactured in a range of paints and coatings used in the aviation industry, including a range of ... was a subsidiary company opened in the United States to serve the American aircraft industry. Other plants were opened in Italy ...
Its X.25 host interface was the first in the industry and Telenet helped standardize X.25 in the CCITT. Users could use modems ... "Industry :: Genuity". Cybertelecom. Retrieved 2011-12-21. "Sprintlink.net". Sprintlink.net. Retrieved 2011-12-21. "Electronic ...
"The .. Industry:". Certified Hotel Administrators. Southwind Hospitality. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. ... The Educational Institute certifies and validates competencies in conjunction with academia and industry experts for over 35 ... training and professional certification that serves the needs of hospitality schools and industries worldwide. The Educational ... positions in the hospitality industry; designations from line-level to general manager, CHA or Certified Hotel Administrator. ...
Industry•Job) The bigger the industry, the better the energy. (Community•Welfare) Seoul ensures energy welfare for all. Seoul ... Along the way, relevant industries will be expanded and jobs will be created. The value of energy-sharing is about sharing ... Sustainable employment will be generated by Seoul's enhanced focus on the energy industry and innovation. Seoul will support ... the local energy service industry and foster ICT electricity technologies including Building Energy Management System (BEMS) ...
"Industry". www.pugwashvillage.com. Retrieved 2017-04-07. "Home - Windsor Salt". Windsor Salt. Retrieved 2017-04-07. "Industry ... The creation of pewter crafts and souvenirs is another important industry in Pugwash. The village has an elementary school, ...
Industry . . . he was forct to take a napp at Beggars Bushe", and elsewhere he refers to "being becalmde in a fogg of necessity ...
"Industry". BAE systems. n.d. Retrieved 2014-02-14. "NetReveal". Deticanetreveal.com. Retrieved 2013-08-30. "Home - BAE Systems ...
Mehta,, By Nikita (6 February 2014). "Industry". Retrieved 10 December 2016. GEM. "GEM E Rickshaws and Electric Vehicles". ... www.livemint.com/Industry/vGQ4bqUDEnQZtTeSOwRsBP/India-chases-electric-mobility-dream.html http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/ ...
The work program includes studies that document entry rates of firms across countries and industries; identify country, firm ... and owner characteristics related to greater entrepreneurship; and study the effect of entrepreneurship on industry performance ...
The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada is the national self-regulatory organization which oversees all ... The Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada is the national self-regulatory organization which oversees all ... Investment Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) Access our rule books for dealer and marketplace regulation. Get ...
Newly discovered documents show that the sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to shape the debate around heart disease, ... The documents show that in 1964, John Hickson, a top sugar industry executive, discussed a plan with others in the industry to ... The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat ... One of the scientists who was paid by the sugar industry was D. Mark Hegsted, who went on to become the head of nutrition at ...
ASI keeps sheep industry members updated on ASI activities and industry news by regularly distributing and updating various ... Industry Looks to Progress With Ultrasound. ASI, Iowa St. Developing Secure Sheep & Wool Plan. New Regulation Improves Scrapie ... American Sheep Industry Association. 9785 Maroon Circle. Suite 360. Englewood, CO 80112. 303-771-3500 ...
The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain to make ... Resources for the Industry Did you know PLASTICS maintains programs to enhance the industry? ... The Plastics Industry Association is the only organization that represents every segment of the plastics supply chain. ... From large trade shows like NPE to fall and spring niche market conferences hosted by Plastics Industry Association groups, the ...
At Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, we improve peoples health through our products, integrated R&D, generic medicines and ...
INTER-INDUSTRY RELATIONSHIPS (INPUT-OUTPUT, FINAL DEMAND MATRIX). *INDUSTRY OUTPUT AND EMPLOYMENT *OCCUPATIONAL EMPLOYMENT * ... Projections of Industry Employment, 2014-24, Career Outlook, December 2015. *Henderson, Richard L., Industry employment and ... Industry Projections How to view PDF files. *Dubina, Kevin; Gensler, Andrea; Lacey, Alan; and Toossi, Mitra, Projections ... Woods, Rose A., "Industry output and employment projections to 2018," Monthly Labor Review, November 2009, pp. 52-81. (PDF) ...
... meatpacking industry, hospitality industry, food industry, fish industry, software industry, paper industry, entertainment ... construction industry, chemical industry, petroleum industry, automotive industry, electronic industry, power engineering and ... See also military-industrial complex, arms industries, military industry and modern warfare. Industry information North ... industry, semiconductor industry, cultural industry, and poverty industry. Market-based classification systems such as the ...
... As Chemists we believe that practical application and interaction with industry are an inherent part of what ... we do, therefore we are always keen to talk to industries, both large and small to explore how we might collaborate. ...
2. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW Disinfectants: Enabling the Ultimate Hygienic Environment that Looks Healthy and Feels Better Noteworthy ... 6.3 Recent Industry Activity PDI Inks Disinfectants Supply Agreement with Vizient SC Johnson Expands Global Ingredient ... Evonik Industries to Acquire PeroxyChem Clorox Decides to Disclose Ingredients in its Household Disinfectants Sealed Air ... Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place ...
PRNewswire/ -- Reportlinker.com announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue: US Bromine Industry ... Industry Analysis and Insights Contact. Nicolas Bombourg. Reportlinker. Email: [email protected]. US: (805)652-2626. Intl: +1 ... US Bromine Industry http://www.reportlinker.com/p0397790/US-Bromine-Industry.html#utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_ ... Jordan) II-25Morre-Tec Industries, Inc. (US) II-26Ocean Chemical Group (UK) II-26Solaris ChemTech Ltd. (India) II-26Tata ...
The industry and related sectors employ about 120,000 people in the OECD countries, while the space industry of Russia employs ... some sources use the term satellite industry interchangeably with the term space industry. The term space business has also ... Space industry refers to economic activities related to manufacturing components that go into Earths orbit or beyond, ... Thus more broadly, space industry can be described as the companies involved in the space economy, and providing goods and ...
Cook, D. The Culture Industry Revisited. Rowman & Littlefield. (1996). *Hesmondhalgh, D. The Cultural Industries. Sage. (2002) ... The aims of the culture industry are-as in every industry-economic in nature. All endeavors become focused on economic success ... "culture industry" instead of "mass culture" or "mass media".[13] "The culture industry perpetually cheats its consumers of what ... "culture industry" is intended to refer to the commercial marketing of culture, the branch of industry that deals specifically ...
Entertainment And Construction Industries Leading The Future of Cloud. In some industries, the use of cloud technology is still ... Film financing and other segments of the entertainment industry will feel the fallout of Brexit. How will the industry adapt? ... How AI Is Changing The Entertainment Industry. The entertainment industry is increasingly using machine learning to solve some ... Does Online Piracy Hurt The Entertainment Industry?. Reports of the entertainment industrys death seem much exaggerated. ( ...
AHG Industry is a large German holding company which has its headquarters located in Cottbus. The holding is formed by several ...
Industry is more responsible in terms of the interfaces, which means we can have a more efficient decision-making process, ... This shift in responsibility is allowing industry to streamline procedures and ESA to reduce the size of its project team to ...
HOW TO BREAK INTO THE INDUSTRY By Jamie Kennedy. THIRTY-THREE IS YOUNG to write ones memoirs, but Jamie Kennedy endured a ... The Industry. Fightin MikeThe worst fights in Hollywood are the ones that shouldnt have happened at all. Often, those are the ... Industry sources estimate that the budget is nearly $90 million. (Miramax says its cost is about $12 million less because of ... Since then, the industry has adopted new standards (among others, those governing amortization of a films costs). If those ...
Current: Industry. Industry. The top five largest defense contractors in the United States, as ranked annually by ... The prominence of the defense industry in Indiana may be one of the most important untold stories of the past decade.. Indiana ...
Take a look at the industry solutions from Adobe Experience Cloud. From financial services to manufacturing, we have the ... For every industry, theres an Adobe solution.. From retail to financial services and more, discover how Adobe delivers for ...
Cisco industry solutions accelerate digital transformation for consumer industries and the public sector. Compete with our ... Cisco industry solutions accelerate your digital transformation, whether youre in the public sector or consumer industries. ...
For every industry, theres an Adobe solution. From automotive to health care, manufacturing to finance - uncover the right ...
1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1 Nutricosmetics: Latest Trend in the Beauty Industry II-1 Current & Future Analysis II-2 Demand Trends ... Frutarom Industries Ltd. (Israel) II-59 Frutels LLC (US) II-59 Functionalab (Canada) II-59 GliSODin Skin Nutrients (Canada) II- ... 9. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-51 Plandai Biotechnology Inks License Agreement with Phyto Nutricare II-51 IMCD Group Takes Over ... Frutarom Industries Purchases Certain Assets of Rieber & Søn II-54 Blush Acquisition Snaps Up Bare Escentuals II-55 Shiseido ...
Data and statistical information on how the tobacco industry markets their products. ... The tobacco industry has targeted African American communities in its advertisements and promotional efforts for menthol ... Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. ...
With IBM Electronics industry solutions and services, you can build agile core systems and exceed expectations with superior ... The electronics industry is infusing intelligence into products and connecting them to everything. Companies that figure out ... IBM Global Electronics Industry General Manager Bruce Anderson explains how electronics companies can enable their products and ... New industry applications and modern infrastructure help extend your SAP solution capabilities. ...
This rapid policy assessment focused on supporting the unemployed in business creation and self-employment, notably the Measure for Commencing Commercial Activity or Self-employment is organised and promoted by the State Employment Agency.. ...
  • The 22nd Nantucket Film Festival is now accepting applications by members of the film industry to attend the festival (June 21-26, 2017) with an Industry Package. (google.com)
  • Please give a brief description of your position in the film industry, including relevant links, and any direct role to films screening as part of NFF 2017. (google.com)
  • Global Internet Access industry guide provides top-line qualitative and quantitative summary information including: market size (value and volume , and forecast to 2017). (prweb.com)
  • Short-term industry projections cover a 2015 base year and projects employment to 2017. (mass.gov)
  • Oct 8, 2018) A 5.5 percent share of all gainful employment in and around Munich, revenues of around EUR 23 billion and dynamic growth rates make the environment industry a significant economic factor in the Munich region - and one with bright prospects for the future. (muenchen.de)
  • As a convenience for readers, OTM provide industry and trade data generated by OTM product groupings from the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) (imports) and Schedule B (exports). (trade.gov)
  • This industry is not formally defined in the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), but the Bureau of Labor Statistics is referring to a group of detailed industries as the "automotive industry" for purposes of analysis. (bls.gov)
  • The oil and gas extraction industries included in these NAICS industries are primarily associated with upstream activities and do not include refineries and other industries typically associated with downstream activities. (bls.gov)
  • Employment is projected for approximately 80 detailed industries (at the 3-digit NAICS industry level), and cover the 2014-2024 period. (mass.gov)
  • The European Commission launched on 19 April 2016 the first industry-related initiative of the Digital Single Market package. (europa.eu)
  • With regards to the worldwide satellite industry revenues, in the period 2002 to 2005 those remained at the 35-36 billion USD level. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you supply your email address, you will be automatically entered in a prize drawing that will take place at the 2002 Government Industry Meeting. (sae.org)
  • In this post I make the case that the Verizon acquisition of AOL is a bold move by Verizon to lead the way in the transformation of the media and entertainment industry. (forbes.com)
  • Cisco industry solutions accelerate your digital transformation, whether you're in the public sector or consumer industries. (cisco.com)
  • In light of global ecological challenges, the environment industry is integral to the far-reaching transformation that is facing up to the pressing needs of our day - from climate change to urbanization, from resource efficiency to decarbonization - with new ideas, innovative technologies and sophisticated services. (muenchen.de)
  • The mid-term review of the Digital Single Market strategy will focus on digitising the European industry oriented actions, aiming to manage digital transformation of our society and economy. (europa.eu)
  • How can the aerospace industry continue to push the boundaries of aircraft regulations, space technology and job skills in this age of digital transformation? (weforum.org)
  • Talk to our industry experts about solutions for your environment, and join the sessions at the SAP SAPPHIRE NOW and ASUG Annual Conference. (microsoft.com)
  • Xerox ® healthcare industry solutions help connect all the moving pieces in a complex environment. (xerox.com)
  • With Xerox® healthcare industry solutions for digital patients, you can alleviate pain points across the patient experience through the power of workflow automation and digital cataloging. (xerox.com)
  • Our workflow automation solutions for the healthcare industry help transform paper-driven, manual processes into fast, digital ones. (xerox.com)
  • Thanks to a heavy density of industry, both automation solutions and control/networking systems are much in demand in Munich. (muenchen.de)
  • An interest group closely aligned with the new electronics industry ecosystem that will identify challenges and solutions to help guide IRDS research. (ieee.org)
  • For consumers and the industry at large, this is a magical time," said Ali Raza, lead principal advisor with UL's Transaction Security business unit, which supports the finance and payments industry by advising on, testing and certifying new solutions before implementation. (ul.com)
  • Fujitsu is a strategic partner to the global automotive industry. (fujitsu.com)
  • Each World Economic Forum Industry community comprises select Partner companies that are shaping and transforming their industries in strategic and socially responsible ways. (weforum.org)
  • The industry communities provide a platform for chief executives and senior executives with strategic, business or regional responsibilities to shape the industry and develop insights through Forum-hosted platforms and communities. (weforum.org)
  • Cadence is a corporate member of Accellera, a non-profit electronics industry organization that drives the worldwide development and use of standards required by systems, semiconductor, and design tools companies that enhance a language- and IP-based design automation process. (cadence.com)
  • The organization is also a central voice for communicating and promoting the value of semiconductor design within the global electronics industry. (cadence.com)
  • Want to explore beyond your industry to see how organization are using compensation to drive their business forward and solve their toughest talent challenges? (payscale.com)
  • These classification systems commonly divide industries according to similar functions and markets and identify businesses producing related products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Licensing Responsibilities - AID licenses and regulates a variety of animal industries including: livestock dealers, truckers, sales and auction markets, renderers (carcass dealers), riding stables, pet shops, animal control/ protection shelters and commercial fish hatcheries and aquaculture facilities. (michigan.gov)
  • In the 20th century London became the preferred location for a new generation of electrically powered industries serving mass consumption markets. (britannica.com)
  • The traditional core markets of the environment industry - the circular economy and water management - also experienced positive development, albeit primarily in the surrounding region. (muenchen.de)
  • The automotive industry in Japan rapidly increased from the 1970s to the 1990s (when it was oriented both for domestic use and worldwide export) and in the 1980s and 1990s, overtook the U.S. as the production leader with up to 13 million cars per year manufactured and significant exports. (slideshare.net)
  • The automotive industry of passenger vehicles and trucks includes industries associated with the production, retailing, and maintenance of (motor-) vehicles. (springer.com)
  • We use our extensive experience in the Canadian market supported by PwC's industry-leading global automotive practice to help companies solve complex business challenges with efficiency and quality. (pwc.com)
  • And as the automotive industry continues to evolve, so do we. (pwc.com)
  • Transforming the future of the automotive industry demands a scalable cloud platform. (oracle.com)
  • Autonomous vehicles represent the most disruptive trend in the automotive industry. (oracle.com)
  • As Chemists we believe that practical application and interaction with industry are an inherent part of what we do, therefore we are always keen to talk to industries, both large and small to explore how we might collaborate. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Description: The Industry Connect Career Fair & More is the perfect place to build your professional network, impress potential employers, practice interviewing/giving your 'elevator pitch,' get your resume reviewed, and explore career opportunities (especially at the entry-level). (google.com)
  • A larger "map" of the identity industry begins to explore the corners into which identity is beginning to crawl. (zdnet.com)
  • In this document, we first explore how a multi-cloud approach can address the regulatory and marketplace challenges faced by the financial services industry. (intel.com)
  • Explore our insurance industry ranking and award lists. (insurancejournal.com)
  • The sugar industry paid scientists in the 1960s to play down the link between sugar and heart disease and promote saturated fat as the culprit instead, newly released historical documents show. (nytimes.com)
  • Dr. Walter Willett, chairman of the nutrition department at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, said that academic conflict-of-interest rules had changed significantly since the 1960s, but that the industry papers were a reminder of "why research should be supported by public funding rather than depending on industry funding. (nytimes.com)
  • Scrapie Risk Reduction - In partnership with MSU and the sheep industry, AID introduced a program that seeks to track the genetic code for the fatal scrapie disease to prevent its spread from flock to flock. (michigan.gov)
  • The industry "should have exercised greater transparency in all of its research activities," the Sugar Association statement said. (nytimes.com)
  • When it comes to health care, everything needs to be done quickly, accurately - and, in some cases, with enough transparency to satisfy stringent industry regulations. (sas.com)
  • Blockchain technology promises to create new levels of trust, transparency, and efficiency that will transform the way companies and industries manage and operate future supply chains. (oracle.com)
  • The major source of revenue of a group or company is the indicator of its relevant industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • When a large group has multiple sources of revenue generation, it is considered to be working in different industries. (wikipedia.org)
  • A seasonal industry refers to a group of companies related by their common business activities that earn the majority of their income during a fairly small number of weeks or months each calendar year. (investopedia.com)
  • The renamed communication services sector will include existing telecommunication companies, as well as companies selected from the consumer discretionary sector currently classified under the media industry group and the internet & direct marketing retail sub-industry, along with select companies currently classified in the information technology sector. (investopedia.com)
  • An industry group is a classification method for companies, grouped based on common lines of business. (investopedia.com)
  • The Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS) is a system for categorizing every public company by economic sector and industry group. (investopedia.com)
  • Here's how you use a LinkedIn Group to establish credibility and become a thought leader in your industry. (verticalresponse.com)
  • The Community Financial Services Association of America, a national payday industry group, will use the comment period to push for changes in the CFPB proposal, said CEO Dennis Shaul. (usatoday.com)
  • This community is a high-level group of peers dedicated to ensuring the long-term sustainability of their industry and society. (weforum.org)
  • Reduce downtime, increase productivity, and maintain industry compliance. (cisco.com)
  • to mitigate corporate risk through guidance on process and procedure as it relates to industry compliance and messaging. (cmswire.com)
  • The International Trade Administration , U.S. Department of Commerce , manages this global trade site to provide access to ITA information on promoting trade and investment, strengthening the competitiveness of U.S. industry, and ensuring fair trade and compliance with trade laws and agreements. (trade.gov)
  • Manufacturing industry became a key sector of production and labour in European and North American countries during the Industrial Revolution, upsetting previous mercantile and feudal economies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over time, the fraction of a society's industry within each sector changes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This move is expected to impact at least 30 sector ETFs , including all current communication industry ETFs. (investopedia.com)
  • The technology, media, and telecom (TMT) sector is an industry grouping that includes the majority of companies focused on new technologies. (investopedia.com)
  • Industry is one of the pillars of the European economy - the manufacturing sector in the European Union accounts for 2 million enterprises, 33 million jobs and 60% of productivity growth. (europa.eu)
  • Statewide hours and earnings data are published for selected industries within the manufacturing super-sector. (mass.gov)
  • While ISIC Rev.4 continues to use criteria such as input, output and use of the products produced, more emphasis has been given to the character of the production process in defining and delineating ISIC classes.Industry is very important. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tourism business frontiers: consumers, products and industry. (wikipedia.org)
  • The electronics industry is infusing intelligence into products and connecting them to everything. (ibm.com)
  • IBM Global Electronics Industry General Manager Bruce Anderson explains how electronics companies can enable their products and people to live in a platform world. (ibm.com)
  • Light, or small-scale, industry may be characterized by the nondurability of manufactured products and a smaller capital investment in plants and equipment, and it may involve nonstandard products, such as customized or craft work. (britannica.com)
  • All products and services that generate "direct environmental benefits" and/or that constitute an "ecofriendly substitute" belong to the environment industry. (muenchen.de)
  • The IEEE Standards Association (IEEE SA) Industry Connections (IC) program helps incubate new standards and related products and services by facilitating collaboration among organizations and individuals as they hone and refine their thinking on rapidly changing technologies. (ieee.org)
  • Fullconn Industry Inc. (FCN) manufactures connectors for information technology (IT), consumer electronics, and communications products. (3ds.com)
  • Because Cadence wants to create the best quality products and make them as easy to use as possible, we firmly believe in working with industry organizations and adhering to standards wherever possible. (cadence.com)
  • They open new horizons for industry to become more adventurous, more efficient, to improve processes and to develop innovative products and services. (europa.eu)
  • Statistical concepts and methods are developed and applied in industries for various problems - for example, in order to monitor the quality of products, to plan effective and efficient designs to improve standards, to test and analyze the quality of items produced, and to accept (reject) conforming (nonconforming) units produced. (springer.com)
  • Workers in seasonal industries often work more than 40 hours a week during the high season but must take on different work the remainder of the year. (investopedia.com)
  • Many growth industries, with their young and skilled workers, were relocated to public satellite towns. (britannica.com)
  • Supportive Keynesian policies propped up the U.S. economy, maintained industry profits, and accommodated high wages for steel workers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The electrical training ALLIANCE (previously called NJATC) was created over 70 years ago as a joint training program between the National Electrical Contractors Association (NECA) and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (IBEW) aimed at training the best electrical workers the industry has to offer. (corning.com)
  • Recent emphasis by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) on safety in the oil and gas extraction industry has highlighted the hazards faced by workers in this industry. (bls.gov)
  • Under this definition, data from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) show that employment in the oil and gas industry grew by 71 percent from 2003 to 2011, when it employed nearly half a million workers. (bls.gov)
  • It was a very smart thing the sugar industry did, because review papers, especially if you get them published in a very prominent journal, tend to shape the overall scientific discussion," he said. (nytimes.com)
  • 3. Japan Automobile Industry The Japanese Automobile industry is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world. (slideshare.net)
  • It was founded in 1995 by a dozen prominent fiber optics trainers and industry personnel as a professional society for fiber optics and a source of independent certification. (corning.com)
  • Japan's importance to the global economy may have waned over the past decade, but the country still plays a prominent role in the technology industry, supplying a wide range of components and specialty chemicals used in the batteries and chips that power smartphones and other gadgets. (marketwatch.com)
  • These differences are a function of the shrinking telecom industry, the S&P 500 currently holds just four telecom stocks, and the evolving definition of communications. (investopedia.com)
  • With the industry seeking to recover from all the recent turmoil, financial services companies are looking for new ways to drive business growth while improving operational efficiency and business agility. (fujitsu.com)
  • Thus more broadly, space industry can be described as the companies involved in the space economy, and providing goods and services related to space. (wikipedia.org)
  • Women are also targeted by the tobacco industry, and tobacco companies continue to produce brands specifically for women. (cdc.gov)
  • For instance, companies that earn the bulk of their business selling Halloween costumes and accessories or Christmas trees and ornaments would be categorized as belonging to a seasonal industry. (investopedia.com)
  • Many of the companies were American multinationals, including Heinz Company, Hoover, Ford Motor Company , and Firestone, while others had grown out of conventional craft industries. (britannica.com)
  • A Communication Industry ETF is an exchange-traded fund (ETF) that invests in telecommunications companies with the objective of replicating the performance of an underlying telecom index. (investopedia.com)
  • Communication industry ETFs include giant integrated providers of wireless and wire line services, as well as smaller companies that specialize in wireless services or manufacture communications equipment. (investopedia.com)
  • Communication Industry ETFs reflect the defensive characteristics of telecom companies, such as their high dividend yields and relatively stable cash flows. (investopedia.com)
  • The measures to digitise European industry will help companies, researchers and public authorities to make the most of new technologies. (europa.eu)
  • Hear how industry-leading printing companies are using automation to balance safety with productivity. (kodak.com)
  • The target for any nascent or startup business should be how to separate itself as early as possible into an emergent industry leader. (forbes.com)
  • These are not cyclical industries, which have predictable business patterns each year. (investopedia.com)
  • Seasonal industries must make enough money during their seasonal peaks to last the business owners the entire year. (investopedia.com)
  • In this fast-paced and highly competitive industry, network service providers (NSPs) must constantly focus on maintaining profitable revenue streams and business models by building and leveraging customer relationships. (fujitsu.com)
  • In contrast, payday loan industry representatives warned that requiring lenders to assess borrowers' ability to repay would raise business costs. (usatoday.com)
  • It's beginning to look like it's really the US that's not living up to the world standard -- by being way to cozy with the entertainment industry and its desire to protect an obsolete business model. (techdirt.com)
  • Whether China's real estate industry is at a turning point depends upon three factors - migration of farmers, urbanization and lack of investment channels, says a signed article in the China Business Report. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • OES employment estimates are also used as job placement aids by helping to identify industries that employ the skills gained by enrollees in career-technical training programs. (mass.gov)
  • Industry is the production of goods or related services within an economy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Space industry refers to economic activities related to manufacturing components that go into Earth's orbit or beyond, delivering them to those regions, and related services. (wikipedia.org)
  • From retail to financial services and more, discover how Adobe delivers for your industry. (adobe.com)
  • Redefine mobility for your customers in the auto industry with connected autonomous vehicles and smart mobility services. (microsoft.com)
  • Fujitsu is a leading IT services company that designs, builds and operates IT systems and services for clients in both the public and private industries. (fujitsu.com)
  • Many weather-sensitive industries rely on our services for effective operation. (bom.gov.au)
  • Increase efficiency - our specialised industry services will help you to manage the impact of weather on your operations leading to downtime reduction. (bom.gov.au)
  • Our chapter provides undergraduate students with opportunities to develop the technical and soft skills required for progressing into industry and helps to establish early connections with representatives in the field. (google.com)
  • Industry Connections Activities do not develop standards. (ieee.org)
  • Industry Connections Activities may propose a new standard by submitting a project authorization request (PAR) . (ieee.org)
  • For more information about the Industry Connections program and its activities email the IC Program Administrator . (ieee.org)
  • For example, most farming is a seasonal industry, as the growing season lasts half the year or less in many parts of North America. (investopedia.com)
  • The OFT published two critical reports about the funeral industry in the late 1990s, and the Consumers' Association published a damning report earlier this year. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The ethanol industry has had a profitable year despite the jump in corn prices, but the industry faces a slew of headwinds, including overcapacity and political pressure to cut generous incentives. (cnbc.com)
  • One concern is the December expiration of the 45-cent-per-gallon tax credit the industry gets for blending ethanolinto gasoline, at a cost to taxpayers of about $6 billion a year. (cnbc.com)
  • The bill is not expected to pass at this late a date this year, in part because a Senate version hasn't been introduced, but it remains a "headline risk" to the industry, and could mean the potential for the RFS to be modified in some way "within the next few years," according to a report by Mark McMinimy, a research analyst at MFGlobal. (cnbc.com)
  • Exports have provided a bright spot for the industry since last year as U.S. corn-based ethanol has become far less costly than Brazilian ethanol , which is mostly made from sugarcane. (cnbc.com)
  • One the other, it's the leading industry for job cuts -- and more will come this year. (cmswire.com)
  • From 2003 to 2011, the latest year for which final numbers are available, the number of fatal occupational injuries in the private oil and gas industries ranged from as high as 125 in 2006 to as low as 68 in 2009. (bls.gov)
  • Over the 5-year period from 2007 to 2011, there were 529 fatal injuries in the oil and gas industries. (bls.gov)
  • Bovine Tuberculosis - AID leads Michigan's concerted effort to eliminate TB from cattle and captive deer farms, in partnership with the Michigan Departments of Natural Resources and Community Health, USDA, MSU and the livestock industry. (michigan.gov)
  • According to the World Travel & Tourism Council, the Travel and Tourism industry is currently among the largest and fastest-growing industries worldwide, forecasted to support 328 million jobs, or 10% of the workforce, by 2022. (slideshare.net)
  • Such price controls have been maintained worldwide through subsidies and public ownership because of the industry ' s dense intersectoral linkages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • State industry counts should not be compared because of the large differences in employment and industry composition from state to state. (bls.gov)
  • These data enable the analysis of the occupation composition of different industries, including analysis for economic development purposes. (mass.gov)