Indium: A metallic element, atomic number 49, atomic weight 114.82, symbol In. It is named from its blue line in the spectrum. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Indium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of indium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. In atoms with atomic weights 106-112, 113m, 114, and 116-124 are radioactive indium isotopes.Tin Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain tin as an integral part of the molecule.Oxyquinoline: An antiseptic with mild fungistatic, bacteriostatic, anthelmintic, and amebicidal action. It is also used as a reagent and metal chelator, as a carrier for radio-indium for diagnostic purposes, and its halogenated derivatives are used in addition as topical anti-infective agents and oral antiamebics.Phosphines: Inorganic or organic compounds derived from phosphine (PH3) by the replacement of H atoms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Gallium: A rare, metallic element designated by the symbol, Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.72.Hydroxyquinolines: The 8-hydroxy derivatives inhibit various enzymes and their halogenated derivatives, though neurotoxic, are used as topical anti-infective agents, among other uses.Radioisotopes: Isotopes that exhibit radioactivity and undergo radioactive decay. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Tropolone: A seven-membered aromatic ring compound. It is structurally related to a number of naturally occurring antifungal compounds (ANTIFUNGAL AGENTS).CycloheptanesScandium: Scandium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sc, atomic number 21, and atomic weight 45.Electrical Equipment and Supplies: Apparatus and instruments that generate and operate with ELECTRICITY, and their electrical components.Organometallic Compounds: A class of compounds of the type R-M, where a C atom is joined directly to any other element except H, C, N, O, F, Cl, Br, I, or At. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Kerosene: A refined petroleum fraction used as a fuel as well as a solvent.Semiconductors: Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.Hydrocarbons, IodinatedInstillation, Drug: The administration of therapeutic agents drop by drop, as eye drops, ear drops, or nose drops. It is also administered into a body space or cavity through a catheter. It differs from THERAPEUTIC IRRIGATION in that the irrigate is removed within minutes, but the instillate is left in place.Convolvulaceae: The morning glory family of flowering plants, of the order Solanales, which includes about 50 genera and at least 1,400 species. Leaves are alternate and flowers are funnel-shaped. Most are twining and erect herbs, with a few woody vines, trees, and shrubs.Conductometry: Determination of the quantity of a material present in a mixture by measurement of its effect on the electrical conductivity of the mixture. (Webster, 3d ed)Isatin: An indole-dione that is obtained by oxidation of indigo blue. It is a MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITOR and high levels have been found in urine of PARKINSONISM patients.Resins, Plant: Flammable, amorphous, vegetable products of secretion or disintegration, usually formed in special cavities of plants. They are generally insoluble in water and soluble in alcohol, carbon tetrachloride, ether, or volatile oils. They are fusible and have a conchoidal fracture. They are the oxidation or polymerization products of the terpenes, and are mixtures of aromatic acids and esters. Most are soft and sticky, but harden after exposure to cold. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)Nitric Acid: Nitric acid (HNO3). A colorless liquid that is used in the manufacture of inorganic and organic nitrates and nitro compounds for fertilizers, dye intermediates, explosives, and many different organic chemicals. Continued exposure to vapor may cause chronic bronchitis; chemical pneumonitis may occur. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis: A PULMONARY ALVEOLI-filling disease, characterized by dense phospholipoproteinaceous deposits in the alveoli, cough, and DYSPNEA. This disease is often related to, congenital or acquired, impaired processing of PULMONARY SURFACTANTS by alveolar macrophages, a process dependent on GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR.Pentetic Acid: An iron chelating agent with properties like EDETIC ACID. DTPA has also been used as a chelator for other metals, such as plutonium.

Adhesion of adhesive resin to dental precious metal alloys. Part I. New precious metal alloys with base metals for resin bonding. (1/405)

New dental precious metal alloys for resin bonding without alloy surface modification were developed by adding base metals (In, Zn, or Sn). Before this, binary alloys of Au, Ag, Cu, or Pd containing In, Zn, or Sn were studied for water durability and bonding strength with 4-META resin. The adhesion ability of the binary alloys was improved by adding In equivalent to 15% of Au content, Zn equivalent to 20% of Ag content, and In, Zn, or Sn equivalent to 5% of Cu content. There was no addition effect of the base metals on Pd, however 15% of In addition improved adhesion with Pd-based alloys containing equi-atomic % of Cu and Pd. The alloy surfaces were analyzed by XPS and showed that oxides such as In2O3, ZnO, or SnO play an important role in improving the adhesive ability of the alloys.  (+info)

Adhesion of adhesive resin to dental precious metal alloys. Part II. The relationship between surface structure of Au-In alloys and adhesive ability with 4-META resin. (2/405)

Adhesion of 4-META to Au-In alloy was improved by adding In equivalent to .15% of Au content. On the basis of the results of Au-In alloys analyzed by XPS, the present study investigated the reason why adhesion of the Au-In alloy was improved. The O 1s spectrum could be separated into three oxygen chemical states, In2O3, chemisorbed H2O, and physisorbed H2O. The amount of chemisorbed H2O decreased remarkably with increasing amount of In. It is considered that the poor adhesive ability of the pure gold and alloys containing only small amounts of In was due to the chemisorbed H2O molecules and insufficient indium oxide on the alloy surface. It was established that excellent adhesion requires an oxide with chemical affinity for 4-META to cover at least 50% of the alloy surface.  (+info)

Gold alloys for resin bonding including small amount base metals--structural changes of alloy surface by the high-temperature oxidation. (3/405)

To achieve durable bonding with adhesive resin, the surface roughness and the kinds of oxides, respectively to increase mechanical retention to enhance the chemical affinity of adhesive monomer with the gold alloy, were regulated by high-temperature oxidation together with the addition of small amounts of base metals. Alloys containing 2 mass% of Ni, In, or Cr with Cu were oxidized at 800 degrees C for 20 min in air, pickled in thioglycolic acid, and subsequently oxidized at 500 degrees C for 10 min in air. The morphology of the internal oxidation zone changed markedly according to the added base metals. Although the internal oxide particle composed of only Cu2O was removed by pickling, NiO, In2O3, and chromium oxides could not removed and remained on the alloy surface. The surface roughness was increased by addition of Ni, In, or Cr. Applying the present method can control the roughness and chemical states on a gold alloy surface to increase its adhesive ability with adhesive resins.  (+info)

Neutron generator (HIRRAC) and dosimetry study. (4/405)

Dosimetry studies have been made for neutrons from a neutron generator at Hiroshima University (HIRRAC) which is designed for radiobiological research. Neutrons in an energy range from 0.07 to 2.7 MeV are available for biological irradiations. The produced neutron energies were measured and evaluated by a 3He-gas proportional counter. Energy spread was made certain to be small enough for radiobiological studies. Dose evaluations were performed by two different methods, namely use of tissue equivalent paired ionization chambers and activation of method with indium foils. Moreover, energy deposition spectra in small targets of tissue equivalent materials, so-called lineal energy spectrum, were also measured and are discussed. Specifications for biological irradiation are presented in terms of monoenergetic beam conditions, dose rates and deposited energy spectra.  (+info)

Transverse-section radionuclide scanning in cisternography. (5/405)

By applying the technique of transverse-section radionuclide scanning to cisternography, the structure and relationships of the basal cisterns and other subarachnoid spaces of the brain can be visualized more clearly and with more detail than is possible with routine imaging techniques. The ability of this method to separate overlapping areas of radioactivity ensures improved definition of space-occupying processes within the basal cisterns. In the evaluation by cisternography of patients with hydrocephalus and dementia, the transverse-section images clearly separated various normal and abnormal patterns, whereas the routine cisternogram images were equivocal.  (+info)

A comparison of 111In with 52Fe and 99mTc-sulfur colloid for bone marrow scanning. (6/405)

Under most circumstances 52Fe, 111In, and colloid show a similar distribution of marrow. The lesser uptake of 111In by liver and spleen may occasionally be of value in permitting visualization of that portion of the spinal marrow obscured by these organs in the colloid scan. However, in red cell aplasia, when there is dissociation between phagocytic and erythropoietic functions, scanning with 111In gives no information about erythropoietic tissue distribution. Therefore, indium cannot be used as an analog for iron in the study of the hematopoietic system.  (+info)

Evaluation of portable radionuclide method for measurement of left ventricular ejection fraction and cardiac output. (7/405)

Seventeen patients with coronary artery, valvular, or myopathic heart disease were studied to determine correlations of the cardiac output and ejection fraction when comparing the results obtained with a portable probe technique using 113mIn with those obtained with standard methods (cineangiographic, Fick, and dye dilution). With ejection fractions ranging from o.10 to 0.85, the coefficient of correlation was 0.90 when comparing cineangiographic and radionuclide techniques. Cardiac output determinations by the radionuclide technique also correlated well with standard methods (r equals 0.88). The radionuclide method shows promise as an accurate, safe, and simple method in the evaluation of cardiac function at the bedside.  (+info)

Progressive nuclear translocation of somatostatin analogs. (8/405)

Optimal cancer radiotherapy using Auger electron emitters requires selective localization of radionuclides in close proximity to tumor DNA. METHODS: Intracellular trafficking of (125)I-Tyr1-somatostatin-14 somatotropin-release inhibiting factor (SRIF) and 2 of its analogs, (125)I-WOC 4a and (111)In-pentetreotide, was studied in human neuroblastoma cells. RESULTS: After 24-h incubation, SRIF was degraded or recycled, whereas its protease-resistant analogs progressively accumulated in nuclear fractions. (111)In-pentetreotide binding to DNA increased over time in somatostatin receptor-positive cells but not in somatostatin receptor-negative cells. CONCLUSION: These in vitro studies show that prolonged exposure to radiolabeled SRIF analogs significantly increases their cellular internalization, nuclear translocation, and DNA binding. Clinically, infusion of radiolabeled somatostatin analogs may enhance tumor uptake and retention and provide more effective in situ radiotherapy.  (+info)

  • Similarly, indium can be used as an efficient thermal conductive interface in electronics. (solder.com)
  • Indium will bond to glass quartz and certain ceramics and oxides. (solder.com)
  • This work focuses on the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitrogen oxides (NOx) with ethane, ethene, acetic acid, dimethyl ether (DME) and ethanol, respectively, over alumina-supported silver and indium catalysts. (chalmers.se)
  • We must refer to Kayser and Runge's Handbuch for further details, as well as for information on other spectra such as those of silver, thallium, indium and manganese, in which series lines have been found. (all-dictionary.com)
  • Am Forschungsreaktor des Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, wurden Indium- und Cadmium-Isotope im Bereich der Massenzahlen A=123 bis 130 untersucht mittels der durch thermische Neutronen induzierten Spaltung von Plutonium. (uni-koeln.de)
  • In this report we present a simple method to synthesize InP nanocrystals from inorganic precursors such as indium chloride (InCl 3 ), yellow phosphorus (P 4 ), reduction agent NaBH 4 at low temperature with the aid of ultrasound. (epjap.org)
  • Indium metal has played a key role in technology advances since it was first investigated by Dr. William S. Murray in 1924, and with the creation of the Indium Corporation in 1934, the two have been tied together, leading and supporting the advancement of technologies that we all rely on today. (solder.com)
  • The atomic weight of indium has been determined by C. Winkler and by R. (all-dictionary.com)
  • Each PerkinElmer Indium (In) Pure Grade Atomic Spectroscopy Calibration Standard is supplied with a comprehensive Certificate of Analysis that documents the quality and reliability. (perkinelmer.com)
  • The powder samples are loaded into aluminum or vanadium sample cans that have been vacuum sealed with an indium gasket in an inert atmosphere (see below for information on powder sample cans), which is then mounted on the insert. (ornl.gov)
  • Indium in small percentages improves the thermal fatigue performance of solders used in electronics assembly. (solder.com)
  • Indium coatings will provide lubricity in sleeve bearings, such as those used in aircraft piston engines and industrial machinery. (solder.com)
  • The standard sample is mounted in a single crystal sample can that has been vacuum sealed with an indium gasket in an inert atmosphere-for high temperature experiments, the indium gasket is omitted. (ornl.gov)
  • The key role of water to obtain high-mobility IO:H (hydrogenated indium oxide) layers has been well documented, but introducing the required tiny amount of water is technologically challenging. (elsevier.com)
  • Indium Metal is extracted from indium bearing based metal ores and refined to various grades in high volume utilizing state of the art SPC controlled refining technologies. (solder.com)
  • Indium has a low vapor pressure making it ideal for use in high vacuum applications. (solder.com)
  • Indium phosphide ( InP ) is a binary semiconductor composed of indium and phosphorus . (wikipedia.org)
  • Indium phosphide nanocrystalline surface obtained by electrochemical etching and viewed under scanning electron microscope. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indium phosphide can be prepared from the reaction of white phosphorus and indium iodide [ clarification needed ] at 400 °C., also by direct combination of the purified elements at high temperature and pressure, or by thermal decomposition of a mixture of a trialkyl indium compound and phosphine . (wikipedia.org)
  • The company Infinera uses indium phosphide as its major technological material for manufacturing photonic integrated circuits for the optical telecommunications industry, to enable wavelength-division multiplexing applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indium Phosphide (InP) is used to produce efficient lasers, sensitive photodetectors and modulators in the wavelength window typically used for telecommunications, i.e., 1550 nm wavelengths, as it is a direct bandgap III-V compound semiconductor material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Metal used in components of the crystalline semiconductor alloys indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs), indium gallium arsenide phosphide (InGaAsP), and the binary semiconductor indium phosphide (InP). (photonics.com)
  • Inside the chamber, the beam comes into contact with a substrate, such as a wafer of silicon, lanthanum aluminate, indium phosphide, or a similar substance. (fsu.edu)
  • In the image shown above, molecules of nickel oxide are found on an indium phosphide substrate, but instead of forming a thin sheet during the deposition process, they have bunched up into bubbles, rendering the sample unusable for most purposes, but, nevertheless, strangely beautiful under the microscope. (fsu.edu)
  • The aluminium gallium arsenide laser is a diode laser, having similar characteristics as that of aluminium gallium indium phosphide laser. (azooptics.com)
  • We have characterized the fundamental photoluminescence (PL) properties of individual, isolated indium phosphide (InP) nanowires to define their potential for optoelectronics. (sciencemag.org)
  • This thesis deals with the studies on the heteroepitaxyof indium phosphide on silicon substrate towards making thatdream come true. (dissertations.se)
  • In the mid to late 1970s, the Huari Huari zinc mine was the principal source of indium for Indium Corporation The Indium cooperation offers Indium, Gallium, Tin and Germanium as bare metals. (wikipedia.org)
  • In a similar way to aluminium salts, indium(III) ions can be toxic to the kidney when given by injection, but oral indium compounds do not have the chronic toxicity of salts of heavy metals, probably due to poor absorption in basic conditions. (phys.org)
  • In this paper, we investigate the solubility of the most widely used In compound, indium-tin oxide (ITO) in simulated lung and gastric fluids in order to better understand the potential pathways for metals to be introduced into the bloodstream. (bgs.ac.uk)
  • The zinc and indium ions in the precursor solutions are chemically modified by a photosensitive chelating agent, methacrylic acid, which stabilizes the precursor solution and is polymerized during ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • containing InCl3, InCl2 and InCl were studied on glassy carbon electrode at 450 °C. The cathodic discharge of indium ions to form metallic indium was shown to take place by a consecutive two-step electrochemical process. (bibsys.no)
  • According to Alexey Mikhaylov, head of the laboratory at the UNN Research Institute of Physics and Technology, researchers together with their Indian colleagues from Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur and Indian Institute of Technology Ropar managed to synthesize In2O3 nanocrystals in an aluminum oxide (Al2O3) film on silicon by implanting indium ions. (photonicsonline.com)
  • Nanowerk News ) Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e, Netherlands) have developed a replacement for indium tin oxide (ITO), an important material used in displays for all kinds of everyday products such as TVs, telephones and laptops, as well as in solar cells. (nanowerk.com)
  • In order to fabricate high efficiency indium tin oxide/InP solar cells, the aspects of electrical contacts and antireflection coatings must be carefully addressed. (spie.org)
  • For temperatures above 500 C we observe significant rearrangement of the Si(001) surface due to the presence of indium and etching of the Si(001) surface by indium at temperatures greater than 650 C. (cmu.edu)
  • In particlular, the team found that the presence of indium during plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE) increased the growth rate of Ga 2 O 3 , even when there is no growth without indium. (semiconductor-today.com)
  • In further growth, the team found that the presence of indium catalyzes the growth of Ga 2 O 3 in 700°C conditions where no growth occurs in the absence of indium (Figure 1). (semiconductor-today.com)
  • Indium Corporation is a refiner, producer, and supplier of indium and indium compounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • TWA 0.1 mg/m 3 [*Note: The REL also applies to other indium compounds (as In). (cdc.gov)
  • Baba, A. Indium Chloride Catalyzed Alkylative Rearrangement of Propargylic Acetates Using Alkyl Chlorides, Alcohols, and Acetates: Facile Synthesis of alpha-Alkyl-alpha,beta-Unsaturated Carbonyl Compounds. (alfa.com)
  • Angewandte Chemie DOI: 10.1002/anie.200702798 Synthetic Methods Indium-Catalyzed Retro-Claisen Condensation** Atsushi Kawata, Kazumi Takata, Yoichiro Kuninobu,* and Kazuhiko Takai* Esters are indispensable compounds both in daily life and in academic and industrial laboratories. (docme.ru)
  • There is a company - indium dot com which uses indium and its alloys for thermal interface materials, have any of you used their product maybe? (eng-tips.com)
  • A broad range of ALLOYS: INDIUM manufacturers has been compiled in this industrial directory designed to provide information on leading, quality oriented manufacturers serving Connecticut CT. (macraesbluebook.com)
  • For the first time an international research group has revealed the core mechanism that limits the indium (In) content in indium gallium nitride ((In, Ga)N) thin films - the key material for blue light emitting diodes (LED). (phys.org)
  • Clinton, NY - Indium Corporation has released RMA-155 Pb-Free Solder Paste, calling it the best solder paste for customers who are required to use RMA materials, but who need the performance benefits of modern Pb-free solder paste technology. (us-tech.com)
  • In this work, a balloon-borne photostimulated ozone sensor based on indium oxide nanoparticles has been developed to measure stratospheric ozone. (scirp.org)
  • C. Wang, R. Becker, O. Kappeler, V. Cimalla, M. Matthes and J. Mundhenke, "Stratospheric Ozone Detection Using a Photon Stimulated Ozone Sensor Based on Indium Oxide Nanoparticles," Journal of Environmental Protection , Vol. 2 No. 8, 2011, pp. 1108-1112. (scirp.org)
  • PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan and yttrium y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan together with rituximab, fludarabine, melphalan, and donor stem cell transplant works in treating patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • OUTLINE: REDUCED-INTENSITY CONDITIONING: Patients receive rituximab intravenously (IV) followed by indium In-111 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes on day -21 and rituximab IV followed by yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan IV over 10 minutes on day -14. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Since the discovery that indium could affect a Barbier-type allylation of carbonyls in water over a decade ago, interest in the utility of indium metal and its salts to influence organic transformations has increased exponentially. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Indium is also widely used in the manufacture of "fusible" materials, a range of alloys which have low melting points and can be used as thermal fuses and solders. (goodfellow.com)
  • Our in-house indium gallium arsenide III-V foundry features Class 100 clean rooms and an MOCVD epitaxial growth wafer fab, plus a 20,000 square foot detector manufacturing facility. (photonicsonline.com)
  • Photo-patternable solution-processed indium zinc oxide (IZO) thin films are fabricated as the active layers in thin film transistors (TFTs), and their photo-patternability and transistor performance are investigated. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Water-soluble thin film transistors and circuits based on amorphous indium-gallium-zinc oxide. (nih.gov)
  • This paper presents device designs, circuit demonstrations, and dissolution kinetics for amorphous indium-gallium-zinc oxide (a-IGZO) thin film transistors (TFTs) comprised completely of water-soluble materials, including SiNx, SiOx, molybdenum, and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). (nih.gov)
  • It is made by attaching a radioactive substance called indium In 111 to the monoclonal antibody trastuzumab. (cancer.gov)
  • Indium trifluoride (CAS 14166-78-0) Market Research Report 2018 aims at providing comprehensive data on indium trifluoride market globally and regionally (Europe, Asia, North America, Latin America etc. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Indium trifluoride (CAS 14166-78-0) Market Research Report 2018 contents were worked out and placed on the website in November, 2018. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Please note that Indium trifluoride (CAS 14166-78-0) Market Research Report 2018 is a half ready publication and contents are subject to change. (marketpublishers.com)
  • Sensors Unlimited, a part of Collins Aerospace , is the world's leading manufacturer of indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs)-based imaging products. (photonicsonline.com)
  • Electronics assembly materials supplier Indium Corp. is doing its part to release the hidden comedian in every engineer with a video ad series that depicts "dedicated" Indium employees putting themselves through actual surface-mount technology equipment. (photonics.com)
  • Rick Short, Indium's marketing and communications director (who also portrays the character of an Indium engineer in this video), said, "I've worked at Indium for 22 years surrounded by coworkers and customers who are engineers, and I'm here to tell you that they are funnier than heck. (photonics.com)
  • The manufacturing technique involves adding a small amount of indium to a titanium oxide electron transport layer. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • According to the research, published in the journal Advanced Energy Materials , indium-doping improves both the conductivity of the transport layer and the band alignment at the perovskite interface compared to pure titanium oxide. (theengineer.co.uk)
  • I am not very familiar with the behavior of indium, but if it oxidizes like aluminum foil, then the oxide layers will prevent the indium from wetting the surfaces (required to get rid of air gap) and the oxide will act as a spacer. (eng-tips.com)
  • Epitaxial directional growth of indium-doped tin oxide nanowire arrays. (nature.com)