Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
Coloring matter from the insect Coccus cacti L. It is used in foods, pharmaceuticals, toiletries, etc., as a dye, and also has use as a microscopic stain and biological marker.
An indole-dione that is obtained by oxidation of indigo blue. It is a MONOAMINE OXIDASE INHIBITOR and high levels have been found in urine of PARKINSONISM patients.
Chemicals and substances that impart color including soluble dyes and insoluble pigments. They are used in INKS; PAINTS; and as INDICATORS AND REAGENTS.
A compound consisting of dark green crystals or crystalline powder, having a bronze-like luster. Solutions in water or alcohol have a deep blue color. Methylene blue is used as a bacteriologic stain and as an indicator. It inhibits GUANYLATE CYCLASE, and has been used to treat cyanide poisoning and to lower levels of METHEMOGLOBIN.
Methods for assessing the patency of the fallopian tubes.
Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of GTP to 3',5'-cyclic GMP and pyrophosphate. It also acts on ITP and dGTP. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 4.6.1.2.
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Nanometer-sized tubes composed mainly of CARBON. Such nanotubes are used as probes for high-resolution structural and chemical imaging of biomolecules with ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY.
An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.
The simplest saturated hydrocarbon. It is a colorless, flammable gas, slightly soluble in water. It is one of the chief constituents of natural gas and is formed in the decomposition of organic matter. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Inflammation of the COLON that is predominantly confined to the MUCOSA. Its major symptoms include DIARRHEA, rectal BLEEDING, the passage of MUCUS, and ABDOMINAL PAIN.
Endoscopic examination, therapy or surgery of the luminal surface of the colon.
A malignancy arising in uterine cervical epithelium and confined thereto, representing a continuum of histological changes ranging from well-differentiated CIN 1 (formerly, mild dysplasia) to severe dysplasia/carcinoma in situ, CIN 3. The lesion arises at the squamocolumnar cell junction at the transformation zone of the endocervical canal, with a variable tendency to develop invasive epidermoid carcinoma, a tendency that is enhanced by concomitant human papillomaviral infection. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A premalignant change arising in the prostatic epithelium, regarded as the most important and most likely precursor of prostatic adenocarcinoma. The neoplasia takes the form of an intra-acinar or ductal proliferation of secretory cells with unequivocal nuclear anaplasia, which corresponds to nuclear grade 2 and 3 invasive prostate cancer.
Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It includes use of microfocal X-ray tubes and intensifying fluoroscopic screens.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Hospital department which administers and provides pathology services.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
A vital dye used as an indicator and biological stain. Various adverse effects have been observed in biological systems.
Colorless to yellow dye that is reducible to blue or black formazan crystals by certain cells; formerly used to distinguish between nonbacterial and bacterial diseases, the latter causing neutrophils to reduce the dye; used to confirm diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease.
A copper-containing dye used as a gelling agent for lubricants, for staining of bacteria and for the dyeing of histiocytes and fibroblasts in vivo.
A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Quaternary salts derived from tetrazoles. They are used in tests to distinguish between reducing sugars and simple aldehydes, for detection of dehydrogenase in tissues, cells, and bacteria, for determination of corticosteroids, and in color photography. (From Mall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed, p455)

Initial experience with sentinel node biopsy in breast cancer at the National Cancer Center Hospital East. (1/70)

BACKGROUND: Axillary lymph node dissection is an important procedure in the surgical treatment of breast cancer. Axillary lymph node dissection is still performed in over half of breast cancer patients having histologically negative nodes, regardless of the morbidity in terms of axillary pain, numbness and lymphedema. The first regional lymph nodes draining a primary tumor are the sentinel lymph nodes. Sentinel node biopsy is a promising surgical technique for predicting histological findings in the remaining axillary lymph nodes, especially in patients with clinically node-negative breast cancer, and a worldwide feasibility study is currently in progress. METHODS: Intraoperative lymphatic mapping and sentinel node biopsy were performed in the axilla by subcutaneous injection of blue dye (indigocarmine) in 88 cases of stage 0-IIIB breast cancer. Sentinel lymph nodes were identified by detecting blue-staining lymph nodes or dye-filled lymphatic tracts after total or partial mastectomy. Finally, axillary lymph node dissection was performed up to Levels I and II or more. RESULTS: Sentinel lymph nodes were successfully identified in 65 of the 88 cases (74%). In the final histological examination, the sentinel lymph nodes in 40 cases were negative, including four cases with non-sentinel-node-positive breast cancer (specificity, 100%; sensitivity, 86%). In nine (31%) of the 29 cases with histologically node-positive breast cancer, the sentinel lymph nodes were the only lymph nodes affected. Axillary lymph node status was accurately predicted in 61 (94%) of the 65 cases. CONCLUSIONS: Although it was the initial experience at the National Cancer Center Hospital East, sentinel node biopsy proved feasible and successful. This method may be a reasonable alternative to the standard axillary lymph node dissection in patients with early breast cancer.  (+info)

An indigo-reducing moderate thermophile from a woad vat, Clostridium isatidis sp. nov. (2/70)

A Gram-positive, anaerobic, moderate thermophile, strain Wv6T, capable of reducing indigo dye, was isolated from a fermenting woad vat prepared essentially as in medieval Europe. Strain Wv6T formed rod-shaped cells, which occurred singly, in pairs or in chains and produced terminal oval endospores. Strain Wv6T was saccharolytic. Growth occurred at pH 5.9-9.9 (initial pH) with an optimum at 50 degrees C of pH 7.2 +/- 0.2 (constant pH). At pH 7.8, the temperature range for growth was 30-55 degrees C with the optimum at 49-52 degrees C. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that the bacterium represents a hitherto unknown subline within rRNA cluster I Clostridium. Based on the results of the phylogenetic analysis and phenotypic criteria, it is proposed that the unknown moderate thermophile should be classified as Clostridium isatidis sp. nov., a new species of the genus Clostridium. The type strain of Clostridium isatidis is strain Wv6T (= NCFB 3071T).  (+info)

Substrate specificity of naphthalene dioxygenase: effect of specific amino acids at the active site of the enzyme. (3/70)

The three-component naphthalene dioxygenase (NDO) enzyme system carries out the first step in the aerobic degradation of naphthalene by Pseudomonas sp. strain NCIB 9816-4. The three-dimensional structure of NDO revealed that several of the amino acids at the active site of the oxygenase are hydrophobic, which is consistent with the enzyme's preference for aromatic hydrocarbon substrates. Although NDO catalyzes cis-dihydroxylation of a wide range of substrates, it is highly regio- and enantioselective. Site-directed mutagenesis was used to determine the contributions of several active-site residues to these aspects of catalysis. Amino acid substitutions at Asn-201, Phe-202, Val-260, Trp-316, Thr-351, Trp-358, and Met-366 had little or no effect on product formation with naphthalene or biphenyl as substrates and had slight but significant effects on product formation from phenanthrene. Amino acid substitutions at Phe-352 resulted in the formation of cis-naphthalene dihydrodiol with altered stereochemistry [92 to 96% (+)-1R,2S], compared to the enantiomerically pure [>99% (+)-1R,2S] product formed by the wild-type enzyme. Substitutions at position 352 changed the site of oxidation of biphenyl and phenanthrene. Substitution of alanine for Asp-362, a ligand to the active-site iron, resulted in a completely inactive enzyme.  (+info)

Effects of methylene blue, indigo carmine solution and autologous erythrocyte suspension on formation of adhesions after injection into rats. (4/70)

The aim of this study was to determine whether autologous erythrocyte suspension can be used as a dye for evaluation of tubal patency and whether it has any advantages over methylene blue or indigo carmine solutions. Reproductively healthy female nulliparous Wistar Albino rats (n = 30), aged 6 months, mass 165-195 g, were assigned randomly to three groups. Rats received a 1 ml i.p. injection of 5% (w/v) methylene blue solution (methylene blue group: n = 10), 5% (w/v) indigo carmine solution (indigo carmine group: n = 10) or 5% (v/v) fresh autologous erythrocyte suspension (autologous erythrocyte group: n = 10). At 4 weeks after injection, a small sterile opening was made in the peritoneal cavity of each rat. The cavity was rinsed once with TCM-199 to collect macrophages. The rinsed peritoneal contents were cultured overnight to evaluate macrophage activation. The peritoneal opening was expanded for evaluation of adhesion formation. Only one rat from the autologous erythrocyte group had intra-peritoneal adhesions (score 2), whereas all rats in the methylene blue group (score 1: n = 1; score 2: n = 4; score 3: n = 4; and score 4: n = 1) and seven rats in the indigo carmine group (score 1: n = 1; score 2: n = 2; score 3: n = 3; and score 4: n = 1) had intra-abdominal adhesions. Macrophage activity was observed in the cultured peritoneal contents collected from the methylene blue and indigo carmine groups but not from the autologous erythrocyte group. Adhesion formation could be due to macrophage activation caused by methylene blue and indigo carmine solutions. These results indicate that tubal patency can be observed by laparoscopy using autologous erythrocyte suspension. The results of this study are believed to be the first to indicate that a patient's own erythrocyte suspension could be used during observation of tubal patency by laparoscopy. However, further studies are required.  (+info)

Orcein-picroindigocarmine--a new multiple stain. (5/70)

A new "orcein-picroindigocarmine staining", a colour combination of orcein, indigo carmine, and picric acid, was developed for histological applications. The new technique was tested on different human tissues. Colours ranging from red to brown, yellow, green and blue were observed in paraffine sections of tissues stained by this method. Nuclear structures in all tissues were stained dark brown to dark blue. Squamous epithelium was stained light brown with varying shades of blue in upper horny layers, whereas the ciliated epithelium was tinged blue grey. When connective tissue was stained, collagen fibrils appeared strongly blue next to elastic fibres, which took on a rust brown tinge; cellular components were all coloured brown. The matrix of hyaline cartilage was stained in different shades of blue, with the chondrocytes rust brown. Sections of bone components appeared dark blue to dark green. Skeletal muscle cells were coloured yellow and green with blue collagenous septa. The new staining is useful for distinguishing connective tissue components such as elastic fibres and collagen fibrils. It also demonstrates chondrocytes in favourable contrast to the cartilage matrix. The technique produces aesthetic staining colouring that could supplement histological investigations and provide an alternative to other staining materials.  (+info)

Purification, stability, and mineralization of 3-hydroxy-2- formylbenzothiophene, a metabolite of dibenzothiophene. (6/70)

3-Hydroxy-2-formylbenzothiophene (HFBT) is a metabolite found in many bacterial cultures that degrade dibenzothiophene (DBT) via the Kodama pathway. The fate of HFBT in cultures and in the environment is unknown. In this study, HFBT was produced by a DBT-degrading bacterium and purified by sublimation. When stored in organic solvent or as a crystal, the HFBT slowly decomposed, yielding colored products. Two of these were identified as thioindigo and cis-thioindigo. The supernatant of the DBT-degrading culture contained thioindigo, which has not been reported previously as a product of DBT biodegradation. In mineral salts medium, HFBT was sufficiently stable to allow biodegradation studies with a mixed microbial culture over a 3- to 4-week period. High-performance liquid chromatography analyses showed that HFBT was removed from the medium. 2-Mercaptophenylglyoxalate, detected as benzothiophene-2,3-dione, was found in an HFBT-degrading mixed culture, and the former appears to be a metabolite of HFBT. This mixed culture also mineralized HFBT to CO2.  (+info)

Cloning and expression of a Ralstonia eutropha HF39 gene mediating indigo formation in Escherichia coli. (7/70)

On complex medium Escherichia coli strains carrying hybrid plasmid pBEC/EE:11.0, pSKBEC/BE:9.0, pSKBEC/PP:3.3, or pSKBEC/PP:2.4 harboring genomic DNA of Ralstonia eutropha HF39 produced a blue pigment characterized as indigo by several chemical and spectroscopic methods. A 1,251-bp open reading frame (bec) was cloned and sequenced. The deduced amino acid sequence of bec showed only weak similarities to short-chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenases, and the gene product catalyzed formation of indoxyl, a reactive preliminary stage for production of indigo.  (+info)

Indirubin and indigo are potent aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands present in human urine. (8/70)

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates genes involved in xenobiotic metabolism, cellular proliferation, and differentiation. Numerous xenobiotic and biological compounds are known to interact with AhR, but it remains an orphan receptor, because its physiological ligand is unknown. We identified AhR ligands in human urine using a yeast AhR signaling assay and then characterized their properties. Two ligands, indirubin and indigo, were both present at average concentrations of approximately 0.2 nm in the urine of normal donors. Indirubin was also detected in fetal bovine serum and contributed half of the total AhR ligand activity. The activities of indirubin and indigo were comparable with or more potent than that of the archetypal ligand, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, in yeast AhR activation assays. We suggest that the endogenous levels and potencies of indirubin and indigo are such that they activate AhR-mediated signaling mechanisms in vivo.  (+info)

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Purple urine bag syndrome is a medical syndrome where purple discoloration of urine occurs in people with urinary catheters and co-existent urinary tract infection. Bacteria in the urine produce the enzyme indoxyl phosphatase. This converts indoxyl sulfate in the urine into the red and blue colored compounds indirubin and indigo. The most commonly implicated bacteria are Providencia stuartii, Providencia rettgeri, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Morganella morganii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. People with purple urine bag syndrome usually do not complain of any symptoms. Purple discoloration of urine bag is often the only finding, frequently noted by caregivers. It is usually considered a benign condition, although in the setting of recurrent or chronic urinary tract infection, it may be associated with drug-resistant bacteria. Tryptophan in the diet is metabolized by bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract to produce indole. Indole is absorbed into the blood by the ...
ABSTRACT. Purple urine bag syndrome (PUBS) is an uncommon phenomenon reported mostly in chronically constipated, institutionalized females on an indwelling catheter. It can often cause tremendous distress among health care providers. Though the condition is generally described as benign, it should draw immediate attention to the possibility of an underlying urinary tract infection. The sequential chemical reactions involving tryptophan from food in the gut is hypothesized as the mechanism for the event. We present a case of this unusual and interesting phenomenon with a brief discussion on PUBS.. KEY WORDS: Purple urine bag syndrome; Tryptophan metabolism; Urinary tract infection, Indigo, Indirubin pigment. ...
The present work considers an adsorptive removal of Indigo carmine (IC) dye onto nanotube carbon (CNTs). The pure CNTs were prepared via chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method utilizing methane gas...
It is essential to detect adenomas during screening colonoscopy examinations, but a significant proportion of adenomas are missed even with current technology. Although most of the missed adenomas are small and possibly of minor importance, the efficacy of screening colonoscopy is based on the concept of leaving the patient with a clean colon by removing all of the adenomas found. A higher adenoma detection rate is therefore regarded as a sign of better quality colonoscopy.. The present study is the largest randomised, prospective multicentre trial to investigate the clinical feasibility of indigo carmine dye spraying for detecting neoplastic colonic lesions. The calculation of case numbers was set in such a way as to reveal even minor differences between the conventional and PCC techniques at adenoma detection levels already well known from previous studies, both in Wiesbaden11 and nationally in Germany.21 22 A total of 1008 patients with screening and diagnostic colonoscopies were randomly ...
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In 1878, the German Adolf Ritter von Bayer (1835-1917) found another method of preparing the indigo pigment synthetically. In 1890, K. Heumann succeeded in finding a means of manufacturing indigotine, which is the basic element for the indigo pigment, by subjecting naphthalene to a series of long treatments. This improved synthetic indigo was taken into production in 1897.. Nowadays, we still use indigo, but only to colouring jeans, that fade after washing.. Indigo, with its high colour strength, was not lightfast or acid-resistant. It was mainly used for water and tempera paint.. These days, we use the popular colour indigo for making water paints composed from a mixture of synthetic pigments, such as dark madder or carmine with carbon black and phthalo blue.. In order to imitate the colour as an oil paint, we mix a bluish magenta red with ivory black and phthalo blue. The more black we add to the two mixtures, the more neutral our tint becomes. This imitation colour can be lightfast and is ...
The addition of the Calcium Hydroxide (slaked or hydrated lime) changes the pH from an acid to a base. The proper pH to get good colour on wool should be about +9 and for cotton and cellulose +10.. When the yarn or fabric is dipped into the indigo dye vat, it turns a green colour. When the yarn is raised into the air, the oxygen molecules from the air, bind with the indigo and turn the green into blue. To get darker and more intense blues, the yarn needs to be dipped into the indigo vat and raised into the air to oxidize several times. The colour builds up onto the yarn or cloth in layers. Keep dipping and airing out the yarn until the desired level of colour is achieved.. An Indigo vat can be re-used and kept alive for several weeks until all of the indigo has been exhausted ...
This 6 day indigo fermentation workshop combines the colour and wisdom of Mali and Indonesia for a unique small-group intensive experience (space limited to 12 participants, with a minimum of 8 participants) at the Threads of Life dye studio and botanical garden in Umajati Retreat, Ubud, Bali. Open to beginners and experienced practitioners.. Aboubakar Fofana describes an indigo vat as a living organism of plant materials, fermentation and colour, and is recognised as one of the worlds foremost practitioners of fermented indigo vat dyeing and mineral mud-dye techniques. This intensive 6 day workshop focusses on Aboubakars speciality, the fermented West African indigo dye-vat, made using whole indigo leaves and fermented over a week to produce a dye of unmatchable colour and fastness. Participants will both dye with a pre-existing fermentation vat and prepare a new fermentation vat, accepting that the fermentation process is fickle and results of this natural process may vary. They will also ...
INDIGO JEWELRY A mix of blue and violet, Indigo is the color of knowledge, dignity and Intuition, Higher intuition, Spirituality and psychic power. KEYWORDS FOR INDIGO STONES: - dignity, integrity, imagination, intuition, knowledge, spiritual shield, inner vision, inner child
Airline News, State, (Bengaluru), February 25:-Air India has demanded adequate compensation from IndiGo as its employee was hit by a bus belonging to the private airline at Bengaluru Airport on February 23.. According to Air India, Shiv Shankar, a young contractual employee of AI Engineering Services Ltd, was returning to the terminal after dispatching the national carriers Bangalore-Male flight AI 265 when the unfortunate incident took place.. Confirming the incident, IndiGo said in a press statement, The staff escaped unhurt with minor injuries. Concerned authorities have been notified and an investigation is currently in progress with full cooperation from IndiGo.. Meanwhile, a senior Air India official said: The IndiGo bus hit him (Shiv Shankar) and he was dragged for some distance before the bus stopped. He has suffered serious injuries, including lumbar (vertebrae of the spine) fracture. He is in the hospital and we are all praying for his recovery. IndiGo must pay adequate ...
Purple Urine Bag Syndrome (PUBS) is a visual clue to likely an underlying urinary tract infection interacting with the foley catheter bag
We here at Sewing Seeds have been busy tending to the maturing plants including raised beds full of Japanese Indigo. We thought a useful educational addition to the garden would also be an experimental fermentation indigo dye vat.. Indigo, unlike most other natural dyes does not require a mordant in order to adhere to fiber or fabric. The magic of indigo does however require a unique process in which all oxygen must be removed from the vat. To do this naturally without the use of chemicals, fermentation can aid in removing all oxygen.. Here is a photo narrative of our process of building the vat. ...
Since the early 1970s, colonoscopic surveillance of ulcerative colitis has relied heavily on the detection of premalignant dysplastic tissue by non-targeted biopsies. Rubin et al calculated that 33 biopsies were required from a single procedure to detect dysplasia with 90% confidence.11 In practice, this number of specimens is seldom achieved.12 A recent survey of British gastroenterologists revealed 57% took 10 or fewer biopsies per colonoscopy, and only 2% took more than 20,13 perhaps reflecting fiscal and time constraints both at colonoscopy and in the pathology department, and perceived lack of benefit. In this study, we adhered to the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guidelines which suggest quadrantic non-targeted biopsies for every 10 cm of colon, equating to 20-40 biopsies per colon.4. Despite taking over 2900 non-targeted biopsies in 100 patients during the study, no episode of dysplasia was detected from a non-targeted biopsy. These findings echo those of a retrospective ...
If you, like me, have learned a bit about aura colors, one of the basic things you learn is that aura colors change depending upon certain factors and situations. However, have you noticed that most sources talking about indigos say our aura color is indigo? How can this be? So I went back to the…
12.5oz indigo rope dyed Japanese selvedge denim, woven on vintage shuttle looms in a right hand twill construction. The Indigo dyed warp and white weft combined with a blue line selvedge ID give these jeans a classic look. Natural Indigo dye derived from fermenting the indigofera plant is used to create the
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Using only urine (ammonia) and natural indigo, the sig vat is perhaps the least polluting, most environmentally-sound of all the indigo vat recipes, but the need to collect and store urine, the smell, and the need for multiple dips to obtain darker blues meant the dyeing industry welcomed development of new methods of dyeing with indigo. By the…
Peter Liggett, M.D., a retina specialist new to Hilton Head, will conduct an educational seminar on macular degeneration at 2 p.m. Tuesday, October 13 at Indigo Pines on Hilton Head Island. The presentation will last about 45 minutes with a 15-minute Q&A session afterward. Click here for directions to Indigo Pines. Pre-registration is required by calling Shawna Ryan from Indigo Pines at 843-342-3228 or you can fill out the form below. This event is open to the public. Macular degeneration is cau
Get information, facts, and pictures about indigo at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about indigo easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Results Average ± SD of the image standards:. RGB SYN 16.96±0.25 cm2; Indigo SYN 6.43±0.07 cm2, RGB calcif 0.03±0.00 cm2; Indigo calcif 0.06±0.03 cm2; GS SYN 16.13±0.35 cm2 and GS calcif 0.56±0.01 cm2.. Correlation of the color images standards:. RGB dRC SYN and Indigo dRC SYN: r=1.0; p,0, 001.. Indigo dRC SYN and RGB suprapatellar SYN: r=1,0; p,0, 001.. RGB MCP SYN and Indigo MCP SYN: r=1,0; p,0, 001.. Indigo dRC calcif and RGB TFCC calcif: r=1.0; p,0, 001.. The RGB and Indigo measurement standards when correlated with GS for SYN and calcifs were not statistically significant (p=0.333 to 0.667).. ...
The principal finding of this study is that IC inhibits NO-mediated endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilation in rat aortic vascular smooth muscle. IC inhibited both receptor- and non-receptor-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation induced by ACh, histamine, and A23187 and endothelium-independent vasodilation induced by SNP. Agents like ACh, histamine, and A23187 produce vasodilation through the endothelial synthesis and release of NO, which activates vascular smooth muscle soluble guanylyl cyclase to produce an increase of cGMP concentration.15 16 19 SNP produces vasodilation by activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase after its breakdown to NO.24 Thus, the site of action for NO is soluble guanylyl cyclase, whether it is released endogenously from endothelial cell activation by receptor-mediated (ACh, histamine) or non-receptor-mediated (A23187) agents or is produced intracellularly in the smooth muscle cells from metabolism of the nitrovasodilator SNP.24 Our findings that IC had ...
The information contained herein has been obtained from sources that the Company believes to be reliable, however, the Company has not independently verified or confirmed the information and the recipient acknowledges that no representations or warranties are being made in connection with the use of the information.. ...
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might look nice worn like this- and yes, Id like to do a post devoted to indigo and the environment. we cover some of that in my online indigo workshop. time, I need more time. show prep and so forth here.
You really need to do some more research on the whole indigo/crystal thing before you pretend to know what you are talking about. The idea is not that there is some kind of magical person who is better than everyone else. It is simply a way to classify those who posess certain qualities that are becoming more common as time goes on. It is not necessarily based on you birth date- some indigos were born early, and some non-indigos are still being born. But more and more are being born every day because they will someday become the norm. The belief is that blind acceptance of rules that dont make sense, apathy, and lack of empathy are traits that are becoming less and less common in children, and sensitivity, creativity, and a desire to help others are becoming more common. I dont necessarily believe in the aura color crap, but I do believe my earlier statements to be true. The idea of many autistic children being crystals also makes sense to me, and not because I think that parents want to ...
Botanical names: Baptisia tinctoria How It Works According to test tube experiments, the polysaccharides and proteins in wild indigo are believed to stimulate the immune system. 2 This might account for its role against the common cold and flu. Wild indigo is rarely used alone and is a part of a popular European product...
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Indigo Natural Foods is recalling Indigo Packaged Goodness brand Brewers Yeast Debittered containing peanuts, an allergen not declared on the label.
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Dallas based Perceptive Automation today announces Indigo Touch 1.6, an update to the companys free iOS App for full control of the Indigo intelligent home
Indigo® is designed to aid in the breakdown of organic solids and reduce odor by stimulating natural microbial activity in all manure treatment facilities. A uniquely formulated prebiotic blend, Indigo® has been proven to explode both aerobic and anaerobic microbial populations by as much as 2000% within the first 3-5 days, dramatically accelerating the decomposition of organic waste, improving nutrient value, and significantly increasing methane production in anaerobic digesters. ...
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Id say wait until the first versions come out and some tests are run on different GPUs to determine what the best option is (Nvidia or ATI, which model, etc.). Then see how your renderings go. If there is still a substantial slow-down, look into getting a better CPU. I know that SLG (the Lux GPU renderer) has problems sometimes with feeding the GPU and needs a good CPU to be able to make the most out of the GPU, but we wont know if such is the case for Indigo yet ...
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Food colorants, synthetic Indigo Carmine, which is blue. Allura Red AC, which is red. Quinoline Yellow WS, which is yellow. ... 2 - Indigotine, E132 (indigo shade) FD&C Green No. 3 - Fast Green FCF, E143 (turquoise shade) FD&C Red No. 3 - Erythrosine, ... made from caramelized sugar Carmine (E120), a red dye derived from the cochineal insect, Dactylopius coccus Elderberry juice ( ...
... recorder/photo printer Instruments Biopsy forceps Snares Injecting needles Chemical agents Dimethicone Acetate Indigo carmine ... Third row: Acetate-indigocarmine mixture (AIM) stained. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD or ...
Some dyes such as indigo carmine may discolour the feces temporarily. Lugol's iodine when applied to the esophagus can lead to ... The primary contrast stain is indigo carmine, administered at varying concentrations between 0.1% and 0.8%. The chief utility ... of indigo carmine is in the identification of dysplastic cells in individuals with chronic ulcerative colitis. Reactive stains ...
A solution with indigo carmine and sodium carbonate destains when boiled with glucose. In concentrated solutions of glucose ...
... indigo carmine, and water. Another formula consists of indigo carmine, dye, ascorbic acid (Vitamin C), sodium bicarbonate, ... Solution becomes red if a small amount of oxygen is dissolved, and green if all of indigo carmine is oxidized. The solution ... This reaction can be repeated many times, but it needs additional oxygen or indigo carmine. This reaction occurs by oxidation ... The glucose solution is added to the solution containing indicator (dye indigo carmine) the color changes occur. This reaction ...
The most important natural dyes - indigo, Tyrian purple, alizarin and carmine - have this partial structure. The most important ... Reduction/Oxidation of carbonyl dyestuffs / examples: anthraquinone and indigo Heinrich Zollinger (2003), Color Chemistry: ... Both anthraquinone dyes and indigo dyes belong to the group of carbonyl dyes. ...
Colours are very elaborate, carmine red, jade green, yellow, and dark bright indigo. Hereke is a coastal town 60 kilometers ... Green by double dyeing with Indigo and yellow dye, Orange by double dyeing with madder red and yellow dye, Blue: Indigo gained ... Typical colours are cherry red, pastel pink, blue and green together with dark indigo blue. Early carpets of the Gördes type ... with contrasting bright madder red and light indigo colours separated by yellow outlines. The borders are composed of rows of ...
The Charon are a tall, dark people with carmine/indigo eyes and are great users of the Secret Art. They are very long lived, as ...
As part of a laparoscopy, a blue dye solution (methylene blue or indigo carmine) is introduced into the uterine cavity. The dye ...
... invasive gold standard for diagnosing rupture of membranes called the indigo carmine test. The results of this study showed a ... "Comparison of placental alpha microglobulin-1 in vaginal fluid with intra-amniotic injection of indigo carmine for the ...
... indigo carmine in blue tablets and tartrazine in yellow tablets). Lorazepam for injection formulated with polyethylene glycol ...
Indigo carmine dye test: a needle is used to inject indigo carmine dye (blue) into the amniotic fluid that remains in the ...
... and indigo carmine. Copper is one of the most critically important of the trace minerals that are essential elements in ...
Indigo carmine), Elderberry Extract. UK supermarket Asda produce a brand of sweets called 'Whatevers', in the style of Love ...
In the United States, of the two approved blue dyes (the other being Indigo carmine, or FD&C Blue #2), Brilliant Blue FCF is ...
Indigo carmine - color (blue) (FDA: FD&C Blue #2) Indigotine - color (blue) (FDA: FD&C Blue #2) Indole - Inosinate - Inosinic ... carmines - color (red) Carmoisine - color (red) (FDA: Ext D&C Red #10) Carnauba wax - glazing agent Carob pod - Carob pod oil/ ...
Additionally in a procedure known as chromoendoscopy, a contrast-dye (such as indigo carmine) may be sprayed through the ...
Methylthioninium chloride V04CG30 Caffeine and sodium benzoate V04CH01 Inulin and other polyfructosans V04CH02 Indigo carmine ...
In 1778 he developed a process of staining micro-organisms with indigo and carmine (Abhandlung über die Saamen - und ...
Indigo carmine, also known as indigo, is an indigo derivative which is also used as a colorant. About 20 thousand tons are ... Treatment with sulfuric acid converts indigo into a blue-green derivative called indigo carmine (sulfonated indigo). It became ... "History of Indigo & Indigo Dyeing". wildcolours.co.uk. Wild Colours and natural Dyes. Retrieved 30 December 2015. Indigo was ... Since 2004, freeze-dried indigo, or instant indigo, has become available. In this method, the indigo has already been reduced, ...
... in a 0.2% aqueous solution is blue at pH 11.4 and yellow at 13.0. Indigo carmine is also a redox indicator, ... Indigo dye "Indigo carmine". Sigma Aldrich. Retrieved 10 March 2016. Summary of Color Additives for Use in United States in ... Indigo carmine, or 5,5′-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, is an organic salt derived from indigo by aromatic sulfonation, ... In obstetric surgery, indigo carmine solutions are sometimes employed to detect amniotic fluid leaks. In urologic surgery, ...
Dyestuffs too are made both from animals, including carmine from the bodies of insects, and from plants, including indigo, [ ... "Cochineal and Carmine". Major colourants and dyestuffs, mainly produced in horticultural systems. FAO. Retrieved June 16, 2015 ... "Guidance for Industry: Cochineal Extract and Carmine". FDA. Retrieved 6 July 2016. Pond, Wilson G. (2004). Encyclopedia of ...
Substituted 2-nitrobenzaldehydes can also be used to yield other important compounds based on indigo, such as indigo carmine. 2 ... Elmar Steingruber "Indigo and Indigo Colorants" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2004, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi: ... In the Baeyer-Drewson indigo synthesis, 2-nitrobenzaldehyde condenses with acetone in basic aqueous solution to yield indigo in ... "Indigo Synthesis". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2009-07-18. "Synthesis of Indigo and Vat Dyeing" (PDF). ...
The name of this color in Japanese is sumire-iro, meaning "violet color". Carmine (color) Cerise (color) Crimson Indigo ... This tone of violet is actually somewhat toward indigo assuming indigo is accepted as a separate spectrum color, usually quoted ... assuming indigo as a separate spectrum color from 420 to 450 nanometers. Other names for this color are middle violet or simply ...
... a Romanian-American singing duo Indigo carmine, a pH indicator and food colorant Indigo Girls, American folk rock band Indigo ... Indigo is a color between blue and violet. Indigo or INDIGO may also refer to: IndiGo, a low-cost airline based in India Indigo ... Alaska Indigo Tunnel, an abandoned railroad tunnel in Maryland Indigo Lake, Ohio Indigo 91.9 FM, an Indian radio station Indigo ... Indigo (Diego Gonzalez album) (2008) Indigo (Maja Keuc album) (2011) Indigo (Never Shout Never album) (2012) Indigo: Women of ...
Indigo carmine. Dobavljeno iz "https://sh.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Indigo_karmin&oldid=33637222" ... Indigo karmin je organsko jedinjenje, koje sadrži 16 atoma ugljenika i ima molekulsku masu od 466,353 Da. ...
Carminic acid, the organic compound which gives carmine its color, was synthesized in 1991. Indigo and rose madder are now ... Indigo lake was originally produced from the leaves of woad, and was known in ancient Egypt. In the late Middle Ages, a fashion ... Carmine lake, also called crimson lake, was originally produced from the cochineal insect, native to Central and South America ... After trade routes opened to the east, indigo was imported from India as a substitute for woad, and the cultivation of woad ...
It is on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.[4] Magnesium sulfate is a common mineral pharmaceutical preparation of magnesium, commonly known as Epsom salt, used both externally and internally. Magnesium sulfate is highly water-soluble and solubility is inhibited with lipids typically used in lotions. Lotions often employ the use of emulsions or suspensions to include both oil and water-soluble ingredients. Hence, magnesium sulfate in a lotion may not be as freely available to migrate to the skin nor to be absorbed through the skin, hence both studies may properly suggest absorption or lack thereof as a function of the carrier (in a water solution vs. in an oil emulsion/suspension). Temperature and concentration gradients may also be contributing factors to absorption.[5] Externally, magnesium sulfate paste is used to treat skin inflammations such as small boils or localised infections. Known in the UK as 'drawing paste' it ...
Has carmine spots. Has a dark red-brown longitudinal band and red spots. Two rows of sharp spines on segments 1 to 4 and single ... The osmeterium is light indigo blue. The larvae feed on species of the laurel family Lauraceae Alseodaphne semecarpifolia ...
Woad (Isatis tinctoria) was used in the past to produce a blue textile dye (indigo), but has largely been replaced by the same ... Guarino, Carmine; Casoria, Paolo; Menale, Bruno (2000). "Cultivation and use of isatis tinctoria L. (Brassicaceae) in Southern ...
Indigo carmine - renklendirici (mavi) (FDA: FD&C Blue #2). *Indigotine - renklendirici (mavi) (FDA: FD&C Blue #2) ...
Some products use a natural red or pink food coloring, Cochineal, also called carmine, made with crushed insects of the family ... it is shadowed with Indigo and Pink … French-green of Pink and Indico [shadowed with] Indico" (pp. 38-40). In William Salmon's ...
Carmine-a dye and pigment derived from a parasitic insect found in Central and South America-attained great status and value in ... Biological origins: alizarin (synthesized), alizarin crimson (synthesized), gamboge, cochineal red, rose madder, indigo, Indian ... Miracle of the Slave by Tintoretto (c. 1548). The son of a master dyer, Tintoretto used Carmine Red Lake pigment, derived from ... Carmine became the region's second most valuable export next to silver. Pigments produced from the cochineal insect gave the ...
Indigo dye - Chemical compound; food additive and dye. Notes[edit]. *^ It is also possible that the term porphyrogenitos may ... Carmine. Carnelian. Cerise. Chocolate Cosmos. Cinnabar. Claret. Coquelicot. Coral. Crimson. Dark red. Electric crimson. ... derivative of indigo dye that had previously been synthesized in 1903.[38][39] Unlike indigo, it has never been synthesized ... "Indigo". Encyclopædia Britannica. V (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1981. p. 338. ISBN 0-85229-378-X. . ...
It was formerly used to produce an eponymous crimson carmine dyestuff known in Armenia as vordan karmir (Armenian: որդան կարմիր ... Porphyrophora hamelii is a sexually dimorphic species.[30][31][32] The adult female, from which carmine is extracted, is oval- ... The carmine dyestuff of Porphyrophora hamelii owes its red color almost entirely to carminic acid, making it difficult to ... Silk liturgical gloves (left) of Cardinal Pierre de Foix (15th century), dyed crimson with P. hamelii carmine[6] ...
Several species, such as Rubia tinctorum in Europe, Rubia cordifolia in India, and Rubia argyi in East Asia, were extensively cultivated from antiquity until the mid nineteenth century for red dye, commonly called madder. Cloth dyed with it has been found on Egyptian mummies. It was the ereuthedanon (ἐρευθέδανον) used for dyeing the cloaks of the Libyan women in the days of Herodotus.[5] It is the erythrodanon (ἐρυθρόδανον) of Pedanius Dioscorides, who wrote of its cultivation in Caria,[6] and of Hippocrates,[7] and the Rubia of Pliny.[8] R. tinctorum was extensively cultivated in south Europe, France, where it is called garance, and the Netherlands, and to a small extent in the United States. Large quantities were imported into England from Smyrna, Trieste, Livorno, etc. The cultivation, however, decreased after alizarin was made artificially.[9] Madder was employed medicinally in ancient civilizations and in the middle ages. John Gerard, in 1597, wrote of it as having ...
Carmine. Carnelian. Cerise. Chocolate Cosmos. Cinnabar. Coquelicot. Coral. Crimson. Dark red. Electric crimson. Fire brick. ...
In 1990 the researcher Gordon Stein discovered that the levitation photograph of the medium Carmine Mirabelli was fraudulent. ...
Indigo, derived from the plant Indigofera tinctoria; and. *Turnsole, also known as folium, a dyestuff prepared from the plant ... Carmine, also known as cochineal, where carminic acid from the Dactylopius coccus insect is mixed with an aluminum salt to ...
... (Porphyrophora polonica), also known as Polish carmine scales, is a scale insect formerly used to produce a ...
In Sumatra, indigo dye is extracted from some species of Marsdenia. Other indigo-bearing dye plants include dyer's knotweed ( ... Cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) is a scale insect of Central and North America from which the crimson-colored dye carmine is ... The primary commercial indigo species in Asia was true indigo (Indigofera tinctoria). India is believed to be the oldest center ... It was a primary supplier of indigo dye to Europe as early as the Greco-Roman era. The association of India with indigo is ...
Black henna powder may be derived from indigo (from the plant Indigofera tinctoria). It may also contain unlisted dyes and ... carmine, pyrogallol, disperse orange dye, and chromium.[40] These have been found to cause allergic reactions, chronic ... Henna can be mixed with other natural hair dyes, including Cassia obovata for lighter shades of red or even blond and indigo to ... Indigo will not dye skin black. Pictures of indigenous people with black body art (either alkalized henna or from some other ...
Janeane Garofalo as The Bowler/Carol, a superhero whose crystal bowling ball contains the skull of her dead father, Carmine the ... "Indigo". Moloko. 3:34. 13.. "Disco Inferno". The Trammps. 3:34. 14.. "Night Fever". Bee Gees. 3:30. ...
Additionally in a procedure known as chromoendoscopy, a contrast-dye (such as indigo carmine) may be sprayed through the ...
New colors Forest Green Metallic and Redfire Metallic are introduced while Dark Copper Metallic and Dark Carmine Red Metallic ... or Indigo Blue Metallic. Features of the Tahoe Z71 were similar to those of the Tahoe Limited with a few key differences to ...
Merops apiaster Northern carmine bee-eater, Merops nubicus Order: Coraciiformes Family: Coraciidae Rollers resemble crows in ... Viduidae The indigobirds are finch-like species which usually have black or indigo predominating in their plumage. All are ...
... indigo; love - violet) and being. The various power-ring based corps of the DCU, most notably the Green Lantern Corps and ... Carmine Infantino (p), Joe Giella (i). "Flash of Two Worlds" The Flash #123 (1961) Weldon, Glen (2016). The Caped Crusade: ...
Top A B C D F G I K L M N O P Q R S T U W Y References natal indigo Natal indigo (Indigofera arrecta) is an indigo dye-bearing ... Top A B C D F G I K L M N O P Q R S T U W Y References carmine Carmine is a crimson-colored dye derived from cochineal ( ... indigo Indigo is a deep blue derived from any of the indigo dye-bearing plants, primarily those in the genus Indigofera, ... Examples include indigo dye and archil. sumac(h) Various species of sumac or sumach, especially Elm-Leaved Sumach (Rhus ...
The fight is interrupted by the arrival of the Indigo Tribe, who use their powers to remove Sue and Ralph's rings and blast ... Created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, the character first appeared in Flash vol. 1 #119 (March 1961). In 2004, she ...
... by Indigo Swing "Another Day of Sun" by La La Land Cast "Another Nice Day in L.A." by Eddie Money "Another Night In Hollywood" ... by Carmine Appice "Hollywood Heaven" by Jeremy Dormouse "Hollywood Heavy" by Neil Merryweather "Hollywood Heckle and Jive" by ... by Indigo Girls "Welcome to Hollywood" by Asylum Choir "Welcome to Hollywood" by Gerry Rafferty "Welcome to Hollywood" by Glen ...
Team NDGO (pronounced "indigo") fights Team SSSN in the first (team) round of the Vytal Festival Tournament.Vol. 3, Ch. 2 The ... Carmine Esclados A veteran Huntress who is the main antagonist of RWBY: After the Fall, armed with sai and possessing a ...
Indigo carmine in a 0.2% aqueous solution is blue at pH 11.4 and yellow at 13.0. Indigo carmine is also a redox indicator, ... Indigo dye "Indigo carmine". Sigma Aldrich. Retrieved 10 March 2016. Summary of Color Additives for Use in United States in ... Indigo carmine, or 5,5′-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, is an organic salt derived from indigo by aromatic sulfonation, ... In obstetric surgery, indigo carmine solutions are sometimes employed to detect amniotic fluid leaks. In urologic surgery, ...
Indigo Carmine Injection. Products Affected - Description. * *Indigo Carmine injection, Akorn, 8 mg/mL, 5 mL ampule, NDC 17478- ... Indigo Carmine. Methylene Blue. Indocyanine Green. Rauh-Hain and Laufer36 report one successful case of indigo carmine injected ... Indigo carmine dose was not provided. Furuya et al37 injected 1 to 5 mL of indigo carmine into midline cysts of the prostate in ... Indigo Carmine. Methylene Blue. Indocyanine Green. There are 7 published reports of intravenous indigo carmine use to confirm ...
Indigo-5,5′-disulfonic acid disodium salt, Indigocarmine; Linear Formula: C16H8N2Na2O8S2; find Supelco-73436 MSDS, related peer ... Indigo carmine analytical standard; CAS Number: 860-22-0; EC Number: 212-728-8; Synonym: Acid Blue 74, ... Indigo carmine analytical standard Synonym: Acid Blue 74, Indigo-5,5′-disulfonic acid disodium salt, Indigocarmine ... Indigo carmine is a synthetic indigoid dye, which is generally used as a food coloring agent. It is basically used to maintain ...
In addition, indigo carmine appears to inhibit vascular smooth muscle guanylyl cyclase. Thus, indigo carmine may elevate blood ... and sodium nitroprusside-induced vasodilation were compared with those of indigo carmine. Indigo carmine (10−6, 10−5, and 10−4 ... Indigo Carmine Inhibits Endothelium-Dependent and -Independent Vasodilation. Kyoung S.K. Chang, Min Z. Zhong, Richard F. Davis ... Indigo Carmine Inhibits Endothelium-Dependent and -Independent Vasodilation. Kyoung S.K. Chang, Min Z. Zhong and Richard F. ...
... (SafetyAlerts) - The FDA has released the following information.. PRODUCT. Indigo ... Carmine Injection, Indigotindisulfonate Sodium Injection USP, 0.8% Solution; 5 mL ampoules, 10 per carton; Rx only, For ...
Contact to Indigo Carmine Exporters in India, Indigo Carmine Wholesalers, Indigo Carmine Distributors and Traders from India. ... Search Indian Indigo Carmine Manufacturers and Suppliers Details - ... Deals in indigo carmine, Natural Caramel Colours, Basic Dyes, Green Solvent Dyes, oil dyes, Blended Food Colours, Red Acid Dyes ... Deals in Indigo Carmine, quinoline yellow, Tartrazine, Lake Ponceau 4R, allura red, erythrosine, sunset yellow fcf, chocolate ...
Indigo-5,5′-disulfonic acid disodium salt, Indigocarmine; Linear Formula: C16H8N2Na2O8S2; find Sigma-Aldrich-57000 MSDS, ... Indigo carmine for microscopy (Bact., Hist.), indicator (pH 11.5-14.0); CAS Number: 860-22-0; EC Number: 212-728-8; Synonym: ... Indigo carmine for microscopy (Bact., Hist.), indicator (pH 11.5-14.0) Synonym: Acid Blue 74, Indigo-5,5′-disulfonic acid ... Indigo carmine has been used in agarose plates to study behavioral feeding assays in Drosophila larvae. It has also been used ...
The present work considers an adsorptive removal of Indigo carmine (IC) dye onto nanotube carbon (CNTs). The pure CNTs were ... Indigo carmine Adsorption Langmuir Carbon nanotube Regeneration Electronic supplementary material. The online version of this ... The present work considers an adsorptive removal of Indigo carmine (IC) dye onto nanotube carbon (CNTs). The pure CNTs were ... Beltrán-Heredia, J., Sánchez-Martín, J., Delgado-Regalado, A.: Removal of carmine indigo dye with Moringa oleifera seed extract ...
Indigo carmine-assisted high-magnification chromoscopic colonoscopy for the detection and characterisation of intraepithelial ...
This picture was taken after washing out the indigo carmine. (B) The dye spraying method with indigo carmine was able to ... Dye spray using indigo carmine fails to reveal the surface structure because of the mucus.. D: After acetic acid spray, the ... Indigo carmine spray reveales a neoplastic pattern. However, the pit pattern cannot be observed in some parts of the tumor.. B ... C) A lesion with low-grade dysplasia highlighted by the contrast method using indigo carmine. (D) The same lesion as shown in ...
In summary, we have shown that indigo carmine dye spraying of the whole colon is feasible and safe, and in terms of dysplasia ... Pancolonic indigo carmine (0.1%) was used during the second colonoscopic examination, and any additional visible abnormalities ... Our study showed that the routine use of indigo carmine dye spray throughout the whole colon is simple, feasible, and safe. ... On the second extubation, the lumen was sprayed in a segmental fashion using 0.1% indigo carmine delivered via a specially ...
Indigo carmine (IC) is an organic material dye that can be used as an organic semiconductor. The IC powder pellet was ... Indigo carmine (IC) is an organic material dye that can be used as an organic semiconductor. The IC powder pellet was ... Indigo carmine powder Crystal structure Dielectric permittivity Optical diffused reflectance Kubelka-Munk model AC\DC ... Electronic conduction mechanism and optical spectroscopy of Indigo carmine as novel organic semiconductors. ...
... Autor Loguercio, Lara Fernandes Demingos ... A nanocomposite of indigo carmine doped polypyrrole/silver nanoparticles was obtained by a one-step electrochemical process. ...
Indigo Carmine Suppliers, Indigo Carmine Manufacturers, related products of Indigo Carmine. ... Information for Indigo Carmine 860-22-0 including Indigo Carmine CAS NO 860-22-0, ... Indigo Carmine. Product Name:. Indigo Carmine. Synonyms:. C.I. 75781; C.I. Acid Blue 74; C.I. Food Blue 1; C.I. Food Blue 1, ... Enquiry for Indigo Carmine Address:. A/2/481-482,PHASE-II VATVA G.I.D.C.ESTATE AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT India. Other products:. • ...
... and Application for Indigo Carmine Removal, Journal of Polymers and the Environment" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental ... The adsorption isotherms of indigo carmine (IC) onto; PANI, GO/PANI, PANI/MnO2, and GO/PANI/Mn2O3 have been evaluated under ... The adsorption isotherms of indigo carmine (IC) onto; PANI, GO/PANI, PANI/MnO2, and GO/PANI/Mn2O3 have been evaluated under ... Sorption of indigo carmine by a Fe-zeolitic tuff and carbonaceous material from pyrolyzed sewage sludge ...
On this page about Indigo Carmine (DBL) you will find information relating to side effects, age restrictions, food interactions ... Other medicines containing the same active ingredients: indigo carmine *Can I take Indigo Carmine (DBL) in sport? Find out on ... Indigo Carmine Injection is used to localise uretheral orifices during cytoscopy and ureteral catheterisation, and as a marker ... For the active ingredient indigo carmine. You should seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist about taking this medicine. ...
... excision of a dorsal wrist ganglion cyst with stalk visualization aided by percutaneous injection of indigo carmine dye (1:500 ... read more ↘ by percutaneous injection of indigo carmine dye (1:500 dilution) ↖ read less ... Arthroscopic Dorsal Wrist Ganglion Excision Assisted by Cyst Injection with Indigo Carmine Dye. By American Association for ...
Indigo carmine is a blue dye that is widely applied to localise ureteral orifices. It is generally believed to be a safe, ... However, we experienced three cases of indigo carmine-induced hypotension within a period of two weeks. ...
Indigo carmine became dye of choice due to known neonatal side effects of intra-amniotic methylene blue which include * ... Indigo carmine was the dye of choice to definitively diagnose premature rupture of membranes (PROM) for decades. It was also ...
Inquire us now for best quality Indigo Carmine. ... Manufacturer,Supplier and Exporter of Indigo Carmine at ... With the help of our reliable logistics personnel, Indigo Carmine is delivered at customers premises in a designated time limit ... Inspired from the positive response of clients, we have been committed to manufacture, supply and export Indigo Carmine. This ...
Indigo Carmine answers are found in the Clinical Anesthesia Procedures powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for iPhone, iPad ... Indigo Carmine is a topic covered in the Clinical Anesthesia Procedures. To view the entire topic, please sign in or purchase a ... Indigo Carmine [Internet]. In: Pino RM, editors. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. [cited 2019 January 18 ... "Indigo Carmine." Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, 9th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019. Anesthesia Central, anesth.unboundmedicine.com/ ...
Lake Indigo Carmine etc at reasonable prices. Inquire us for best quality Lake Indigo Carmine. ... Manufacturer,Supplier and Exporter of Indigo Carmine, ...
Supplier and Exporter of premium quality Indigo Carmine at cost effective prices from Ahmedabad,Gujarat,India. ... Backed by rich industry experience and knowledge, we are offering an excellent stock of Indigo Carmine. It is used where dyes ... Widely demanded in food industry, this stock of Indigo Carmine is highly appreciated in the market. ...
Find out information about Indigo Carmine. C16H8N2Na2O8S2 A dark blue powder with coppery luster; used as a dye in testing ... Indigo Carmine , Article about Indigo Carmine by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Indigo+Carmine ... Indigo Carmine. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia. indigo carmine. [′in·də·gō ′kär·mən] (organic ... Indigo Carmine. the disodium salt of indigo-5, 5-disul-fonic acid, derived by sulfonating indigo. Readily soluble in water, it ...
2008 Certified Company manufacturing Lake Indigo Carmine Colour and other synthetic food and cosmetic colors based in Ahmedabad ...
Before ESD, chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine and acetic acid can be used for creating precise markings in protruded or flat ... Forty-two of the 109 cases (38.5 %) were determined useful for chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine and acetic acid. ... resected by en bloc ESD after chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine and acetic acid between December 2012 and February 2014. The ... We evaluated the useful condition of chromoendoscopy with indigo carmine and acetic acid for marking dots around lesions before ...
Buy High Quality Indigo Carmine Products from Dubai Indigo Carmine Suppliers and Manufacturers at Dubai Yellow Pages Online ... Indigo Carmine in Dubai Indigo Carmine in Dubai. Looking for Indigo Carmine in Dubai ? Where to Get Indigo Carmine in Dubai?. ... INDIGO RENT A CAR. Indigo Rent A Car Is An Proficient And Economical Rent A Car In Dubai, Uae. Where You Can Find Any Well- ... Showing 1 - 2 of 2 Results found for the search Indigo Carmine in 0.03 sec.. ...
An Optical and Spectroelectrochemical Investigation of Indigo Carmine. Shen, Baoen / Olbrich-Stock, M. / Posdorfer, J. / ...
Indigo Carmine Amresco. Grade: High Purity Molecular Weight: 36.31. Related Products: Carmine ...
  • Table 1 compares indigo carmine, methylene blue, and indocyanine green with regard to indication for use, dosing, metabolism and drug interactions. (ashp.org)
  • In addition, the effects of methylene blue on the acetylcholine- and sodium nitroprusside-induced vasodilation were compared with those of indigo carmine. (ahajournals.org)
  • These results suggest that indigo carmine, like methylene blue, may inhibit endothelium-dependent relaxation by a mechanism that involves two levels. (ahajournals.org)
  • Compared with both indigo carmine and methylene blue, fluorescein was preferred, Dr. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Methylene blue is administered intravenously by anesthesia providers for a variety of clinical uses and may be used with increasing frequency as an intraoperative urologic marker dye due to an indefinite nationwide shortage of indigo carmine. (apsf.org)
  • Methylene blue, unlike indigo carmine, is a potent MAO inhibitor and when combined with a variety of medications with serotonergic activity, may contribute to serious sequelae secondary to serotonin toxicity. (apsf.org)
  • Recently, Indigo Carmine and Methylene Blue have been the standard agents to visualize ureteral jets during intraoperative cystoscopy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • 10-15] There are no studies comparing indigo carmine with alternate dyes for intra-amniotic infusion. (ashp.org)
  • Historically, indigo was a natural dye extracted from the leaves of certain plants, and this process was important economically because blue dyes were once rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo is among the oldest dyes to be used for textile dyeing and printing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Two sensitive spectrophotometric methods are presented for the assay of pantoprazole sodium sesqui hydrate (PNT) in bulk drug and in formulations using N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) and two dyes, methyl orange and indigo carmine, as reagents. (uni-mysore.ac.in)
  • Marker dyes such as indigo carmine are commonly used in surgical procedures to confirm ureteral patency and to localize ureteral orifices, for lymph node and vessel delineation, and for tumor localization. (apsf.org)
  • The removal of indigo carmine (IC) and Evans blue (EB) was expected to be driven by the electrostatic attraction between positively charged quaternary ammonium groups within the hyperbranched polymer and the negatively charged dyes. (iwaponline.com)
  • 2] Rutter demonstrated the advantage of magnifying chromoendoscopy using indigo carmine for detection of dysplasia compared to conventional colonoscopy without dye spray by back-to-back colonoscopy in patients with longstanding ulcerative colitis. (bmj.com)
  • However, we experienced three cases of indigo carmine-induced hypotension within a period of two weeks. (smj.org.sg)
  • The authors described two cases of profound hypotension in women that underwent breast-conserving surgery after an intradermal injection of indigo carmine into the periareolar area for sentinel node mapping. (bvsalud.org)
  • In urologic surgery, intravenous injection of indigo carmine is often used to highlight portions of the urinary tract. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo carmine, or 5,5′-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, is an organic salt derived from indigo by aromatic sulfonation, which renders the compound soluble in water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo carmine is indigotindisulfonate sodium, a marker dye used during cystoscopy and ureteral catheterization. (ashp.org)
  • Using isolated rat thoracic aortic rings that were precontracted with phenylephrine, we examined vasodilatory responses to acetylcholine, histamine, and Ca 2+ ionophore A23187 (in endothelium-intact rings) and sodium nitroprusside and isoproterenol (in endothelium-denuded rings) in the presence and absence of indigo carmine. (ahajournals.org)
  • Indigo carmine (10 −4 mol/L) also inhibited endothelium-independent vasorelaxation induced by sodium nitroprusside (an activator of vascular smooth muscle soluble guanylyl cyclase), although to a lesser extent than vasodilation from acetylcholine, histamine, and Ca 2+ ionophore A23187. (ahajournals.org)
  • Indigo carmine (sodium indigotin disulfonate), a blue dye that is often administered intravenously to determine patency of the urinary collecting system, has been reported to cause mild to severe hypertension in some patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • indigo carmine indigotindisulfonate sodium . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Indigo carmine staining increased sensitivity and specificity up to 97.6% and 100% for corporal gastritis, and up to 88.4% and 75.0% for antral gastritis, respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cystoscopy with IV indigo carmine is performed at the end of the procedure to exclude unintentional urethral extraction/kinking. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The patient is given IV indigo carmine to ensure the ureters are not compromised, and a cystoscopy is performed at the conclusion of the case to confirm function. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An integrated resin adsorption/Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) plasma regeneration was proposed to treat the indigo carmine solution. (mdpi.com)
  • The results showed that DBD plasma could maintain the efficient adsorption performance of resins while degrading the indigo carmine adsorbed by resins. (mdpi.com)
  • Based on above results, a possible degradation pathway for the indigo carmine by resin adsorption/DBD plasma treatment was proposed. (mdpi.com)
  • 3-4] Indigo carmine is also used in endoscopic procedures, lymph node and vessel delineation, and for tumor localization. (ashp.org)
  • Methods: Eight of the 21 patients with PD diagnosed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography had a history of acute pancreatitis (group A), and 13 patients did not (group B). The reaction of pancreatic juice excreted via the minor papilla was evaluated after intravenous administration of secretin, by observing the repulsion of indigo carmine dye scattered on the surface of the minor papilla. (fujita-hu.ac.jp)
  • Using indigo carmine in endoscopic discectomy gives us selective removal of degenerated disc. (sciatica.com)
  • The investigators propose to evaluate 2 fundamental endoscopic techniques (Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) and indigo carmine), widely used for other indications, in comparison with the White Light technique (WLI). (centerwatch.com)
  • Therefore, the investigators propose a prospective, observational, multicentric cohort study in order to 1) define SSL endoscopic various aspects 2) establish which technique (white light, Narrow Band Imaging, indigo carmine chromoendoscopy) is the best to diagnose SSL, namely detection and characterization 3) evaluate the multifocal dimension rate for those lesions at ascending colon level. (centerwatch.com)
  • treatment of coccinellin with alum forms an aluminum lake of carminic acid, the essential constituent of carmine. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • COA information of INDIGO CARMINE AR (C.I. No. 73015), Alpha Chemika - Exporter of Laboratory Chemical, Lab Chemicals, Laboratory Glassware, Lab Glassware, Laboratory Chemical Supplies and Instruments of standard quality at low price from Mumbai, India. (exporterlabchemicals.com)
  • Indigo carmine spray reveales a neoplastic pattern. (bmj.com)
  • We therefore conclude that magnifying endoscopy with indigo carmine contrast provides detailed morphological study of colorectal polyps that helps to distinguish non-neoplastic from neoplastic polyps. (elsevier.com)
  • Indigo carmine chromoendoscopy enhance neoplastic lesion detection as part of the hereditary rectal carcinoma screening. (centerwatch.com)
  • the disodium salt of indigo-5, 5'-disul-fonic acid, derived by sulfonating indigo. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Farewell to indigo carmine: with a nationwide shortage of this marker dye, what are the options, and cautions, for obstetricians and gynecologists? (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Unfortunately, indigo carmine is not currently available from either of its 2 manufacturers, producing a nationwide shortage. (apsf.org)
  • INDIGO CARMINE AR (C.I. No. 73015) (CAS No.860-22-0) Laboratory Chemicals Exporters, Lab Chemical Suppliers, Chemical Search, Manufacturers in Mumbai, India. (exporterlabchemicals.com)
  • Recently, we have introduced acetic acid spray in screening colonoscopy to visualize the fine structure of colonic neoplasia, in which ca. 5 ml of 2% acetic acid solution is sprayed toward the targeted lesion in the same manner as for indigo carmine. (bmj.com)
  • We hypothesised that routine pancolonic indigo carmine dye spraying would improve the macroscopic detection of dysplasia and reduce the dependence on non-targeted biopsies. (bmj.com)
  • Aim: In a RCT in surveillance colonoscopies in patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's colitis, we will determine if chromoendoscopy using a dilute solution of Indigo-carmine will improve dysplasia detection rate compared with colonoscopy without chromoendoscopy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Akorn has discontinued production of indigo carmine due to shortage of raw material. (ashp.org)
  • During the shortage of indigo carmine, use of placental alpha microglobulin-1 immunoassay (AmniSure) may be an option. (ashp.org)
  • American Regent, Inc., (Shirley, New York) has placed indigo carmine on back order due to manufacturing delays, and Akorn Pharmaceuticals (Lake Forest, IL) has discontinued its production indefinitely due to shortage of raw material. (apsf.org)
  • However, due to a national shortage of Indigo Carmine. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Indigo carmine (1%) was directly sprayed on the surface of the polyps, and the magnifying endoscope (Olympus CF240Zl) was then used to observe their villi and crypts (pit pattern). (elsevier.com)
  • [3] Many Asian countries, such as India , Japan, and Southeast Asian nations have used indigo as a dye (particularly silk dye) for centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo was also cultivated in India , which was also the earliest major center for its production and processing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo carmine in a 0.2% aqueous solution is blue at pH 11.4 and yellow at 13.0. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abstract To investigate the potential mechanisms by which indigo carmine produces hypertension, we tested the hypothesis that indigo carmine inhibits endothelium-dependent vasodilation and determined the possible site of the inhibition (endothelium versus smooth muscle). (ahajournals.org)
  • Although not absorbed by the cells, indigo carmine stain, sprayed onto regions of interest, highlights the topography of the mucosal surface with its blue coloring. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally used at a concentration around 0.2%, indigo carmine stain is useful as a screening method for diagnosing minute lesions, to differentiate between benign and malignant lesions, as well as to facilitate application of ME to observe and analyze the surface structure of a lesion, delineate boundaries of early stage malignant lesions and estimate the invasion depth of cancer. (wikipedia.org)
  • The coating is colorized as blue using brilliant blue aluminum lake and indigo carmine aluminum lake, or yellow using yellow iron oxide. (rxlist.com)
  • Indigo carmine is a blue dye that is widely applied to localise ureteral orifices. (smj.org.sg)
  • Indigo is an insoluble blue dye historically used for dyeing textiles. (springer.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine if visualizing of the mucosa in details using a dye spray (indigo-carmine) will result in detection of more abnormalities than conventional colonoscopy without dye spray. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Indigo carmine staining significantly increases the detection of intestinal metaplasia. (biomedsearch.com)
  • In contrast, indigo carmine (10 −4 mol/L) had no effect on the vasodilation induced by isoproterenol (an activator of adenylyl cyclase), indicating that indigo carmine selectively inhibits nitric oxide-mediated responses. (ahajournals.org)
  • Indigo carmine is a contrast dye which helps in highlighting mucosal changes. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In this study, we use magnifying endoscopy with indigo carmine dye contrast to differentiate these two types of polyp. (elsevier.com)
  • Computed virtual chromoendoscopy versus standard colonoscopy with targeted indigocarmine chromoscopy: a randomised multicentre trial. (medscape.com)
  • The control method will be colonoscopy without Indigo-Carmine chromoendoscopy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Ultrasound-guided intratumoral indigo carmine injection for intraoperative, surgeon-performed tumor localization. (nih.gov)
  • American Regent launched indigo carmine in July 2017. (ashp.org)
  • American Regent has indigo carmine 8 mg/mL 5 mL ampules available. (ashp.org)
  • Beyond an occasional idiosyncratic drug reaction or mild pressor effect, the intravenous administration of indigo carmine is generally well tolerated. (apsf.org)
  • In comparison, a targeted biopsy protocol with pancolonic chromoendoscopy required fewer biopsies (157) yet detected nine dysplastic lesions, seven of which were only visible after indigo carmine application. (bmj.com)
  • Computerized virtual chromoendoscopy versus indigo carmine chromoendoscopy combined with magnification for diagnosis of small colorectal lesions: a randomized and prospective study. (medscape.com)
  • Standard endoscopy was followed by magnifying endoscopy in all patients, and repeated in 55 patients after indigo carmine spraying. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Pancolonic indigo carmine (0.1%) was used during the second colonoscopic examination, and any additional visible abnormalities were biopsied. (bmj.com)
  • This study was undertaken to prove that the selectively infiltrated parts of nucleus pulposus with indigo carmine was degenerated parts of nucleus pulposus. (sciatica.com)
  • Indigo is a fine, intense powder which may be used directly as a Pigment in oil, tempera, or watercolor media. (mfa.org)
  • Amniocentesis with transabdominal instillation of indigo carmine may be used in cases where the diagnosis of suspected premature rupture of membranes remains difficult despite use of standard non-invasive methods. (ashp.org)
  • Natural sources also include mollusks: the Murex sea snails produce a mixture of indigo and dibromoindigo (red) which together produce a range of purple hues known as Tyrian purple . (wikipedia.org)
  • Discogram was done with mixture of indigo carmine and radioactive dye. (sciatica.com)
  • Several plants contain indigo, but low concentrations make them difficult to work with and the color is then more easily tainted by other dye substances, typically leading to a greenish tinge. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indigo carmine (IC) is an organic material dye that can be used as an organic semiconductor. (springer.com)
  • Indigo dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color (see indigo ). (wikipedia.org)
  • The reaction rate was enhanced by adding organic solvents to solubilize indigo. (springer.com)
  • Indigo Carmine Injection is used to localise uretheral orifices during cytoscopy and ureteral catheterisation, and as a marker to identify severed ureters and fistulous communications. (healthdirect.gov.au)
  • The degradation rate of indigo carmine reached 88% and the regeneration efficiency (RE) can be maintained above 85% after multi-successive regeneration cycles. (mdpi.com)
  • Indigo carmine is a synthetic indigoid dye, which is generally used as a food coloring agent. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • A large percentage of indigo dye produced today, several thousand tonnes each year, is synthetic . (wikipedia.org)
  • Synthetic indigo was first produced in 1880 by Adolf von Baeyer. (mfa.org)
  • Made from anthranilic acid, the synthetic colorant is chemically identical to natural indigo and has almost entirely replaced the natural dyestuff. (mfa.org)
  • The administration of IV dye such as indigo carmine dye should be used only after the surgical procedure is complete to provide clearer confirmation that the ureters are patent, compared with when it is given before or during the procedure. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Indigo carmine was the dye of choice to definitively diagnose premature rupture of membranes (PROM) for decades. (obgproject.com)
  • Indigo carmine is also a redox indicator, turning yellow upon reduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present work considers an adsorptive removal of Indigo carmine (IC) dye onto nanotube carbon (CNTs). (springer.com)
  • Widely demanded in food industry, this stock of Indigo Carmine is highly appreciated in the market. (leatherdyes.net)
  • Oxidation by exposure to air converts indoxyl to indigo. (wikipedia.org)