A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The pressure due to the weight of fluid.
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.
Pressure within the cranial cavity. It is influenced by brain mass, the circulatory system, CSF dynamics, and skull rigidity.
The pressure of the fluids in the eye.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
The force per unit area that the air exerts on any surface in contact with it. Primarily used for articles pertaining to air pressure within a closed environment.
The pressure at any point in an atmosphere due solely to the weight of the atmospheric gases above the point concerned.
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.
The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
The pressure within a CARDIAC VENTRICLE. Ventricular pressure waveforms can be measured in the beating heart by catheterization or estimated using imaging techniques (e.g., DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY). The information is useful in evaluating the function of the MYOCARDIUM; CARDIAC VALVES; and PERICARDIUM, particularly with simultaneous measurement of other (e.g., aortic or atrial) pressures.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The blood pressure in the central large VEINS of the body. It is distinguished from peripheral venous pressure which occurs in an extremity.
The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.
Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Substances used for the detection, identification, analysis, etc. of chemical, biological, or pathologic processes or conditions. Indicators are substances that change in physical appearance, e.g., color, at or approaching the endpoint of a chemical titration, e.g., on the passage between acidity and alkalinity. Reagents are substances used for the detection or determination of another substance by chemical or microscopical means, especially analysis. Types of reagents are precipitants, solvents, oxidizers, reducers, fluxes, and colorimetric reagents. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed, p301, p499)
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
The rhythmical expansion and contraction of an ARTERY produced by waves of pressure caused by the ejection of BLOOD from the left ventricle of the HEART as it contracts.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
Manometric pressure of the CEREBROSPINAL FLUID as measured by lumbar, cerebroventricular, or cisternal puncture. Within the cranial cavity it is called INTRACRANIAL PRESSURE.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The venous pressure measured in the PORTAL VEIN.
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.99.19.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.
Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
External decompression applied to the lower body. It is used to study orthostatic intolerance and the effects of gravitation and acceleration, to produce simulated hemorrhage in physiologic research, to assess cardiovascular function, and to reduce abdominal stress during childbirth.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
The position or attitude of the body.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
A response by the BARORECEPTORS to increased BLOOD PRESSURE. Increased pressure stretches BLOOD VESSELS which activates the baroreceptors in the vessel walls. The net response of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM is a reduction of central sympathetic outflow. This reduces blood pressure both by decreasing peripheral VASCULAR RESISTANCE and by lowering CARDIAC OUTPUT. Because the baroreceptors are tonically active, the baroreflex can compensate rapidly for both increases and decreases in blood pressure.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
A form of compensated hydrocephalus characterized clinically by a slowly progressive gait disorder (see GAIT DISORDERS, NEUROLOGIC), progressive intellectual decline, and URINARY INCONTINENCE. Spinal fluid pressure tends to be in the high normal range. This condition may result from processes which interfere with the absorption of CSF including SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, chronic MENINGITIS, and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp631-3)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.
Rhythmic, intermittent propagation of a fluid through a BLOOD VESSEL or piping system, in contrast to constant, smooth propagation, which produces laminar flow.
Measurement of ocular tension (INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE) with a tonometer. (Cline, et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
An involuntary movement or exercise of function in a part, excited in response to a stimulus applied to the periphery and transmitted to the brain or spinal cord.
Instruments for measuring arterial blood pressure consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure. (Stedman, 26th ed)
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
An infant during the first month after birth.
The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
Sodium chloride used in foods.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Transmission of the readings of instruments to a remote location by means of wires, radio waves, or other means. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Increased VASCULAR RESISTANCE in the PULMONARY CIRCULATION, usually secondary to HEART DISEASES or LUNG DISEASES.
Methods for assessing flow through a system by injection of a known quantity of an indicator, such as a dye, radionuclide, or chilled liquid, into the system and monitoring its concentration over time at a specific point in the system. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
The dilated portion of the common carotid artery at its bifurcation into external and internal carotids. It contains baroreceptors which, when stimulated, cause slowing of the heart, vasodilatation, and a fall in blood pressure.
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
A class of drugs whose main indications are the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. They exert their hemodynamic effect mainly by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. They also modulate sympathetic nervous system activity and increase prostaglandin synthesis. They cause mainly vasodilation and mild natriuresis without affecting heart rate and contractility.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
An alpha-1 adrenergic agonist used as a mydriatic, nasal decongestant, and cardiotonic agent.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the vessels of the KIDNEY.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
Either of the two principal arteries on both sides of the neck that supply blood to the head and neck; each divides into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery.
A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Sodium excretion by URINATION.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
The contribution to barometric PRESSURE of gaseous substance in equilibrium with its solid or liquid phase.
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The continuation of the axillary artery; it branches into the radial and ulnar arteries.
An iterative questionnaire designed to measure consensus among individual responses. In the classic Delphi approach, there is no interaction between responder and interviewer.
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
These include the muscles of the DIAPHRAGM and the INTERCOSTAL MUSCLES.
The act of constricting.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The act of BREATHING in.
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
Expenditure of energy during PHYSICAL ACTIVITY. Intensity of exertion may be measured by rate of OXYGEN CONSUMPTION; HEAT produced, or HEART RATE. Perceived exertion, a psychological measure of exertion, is included.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Forced expiratory effort against a closed GLOTTIS.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.
Measurement of intracardiac blood flow using an M-mode and/or two-dimensional (2-D) echocardiogram while simultaneously recording the spectrum of the audible Doppler signal (e.g., velocity, direction, amplitude, intensity, timing) reflected from the moving column of red blood cells.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
Glucose in blood.
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Plethysmographic determination in which the intensity of light reflected from the skin surface and the red cells below is measured to determine the blood volume of the respective area. There are two types, transmission and reflectance.
A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A potent and specific inhibitor of PEPTIDYL-DIPEPTIDASE A. It blocks the conversion of ANGIOTENSIN I to ANGIOTENSIN II, a vasoconstrictor and important regulator of arterial blood pressure. Captopril acts to suppress the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM and inhibits pressure responses to exogenous angiotensin.
A hormone secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX that regulates electrolyte and water balance by increasing the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium.
The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
Recording of change in the size of a part as modified by the circulation in it.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
"Pressure-State-Response Framework and Environmental Indicators". Food and Agricultural Organization. Retrieved 8 August 2011. " ... "Peer Reviews, Indicators and Outlooks" (PDF). OECD work on environment. OECD. Retrieved 4 May 2011. Monezi, Kyriaki. "Reviewing ... "Environmental Enforcement Indicators". Environmental Performance Reviews - A Practical Introduction. International Network for ... using of statistics and indicators to measure the achievement of targets. The Environmental Performance Review programme ...
A Continuous Mean-pressure Indicator for Steam-engines. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. 1899. Heat engines. Longmans, ...
The pressure on the bag sets the infusion pressure. The pressure can actually be read-out at the cuff's indicator. The problem ... The restrictor and high pressure helps control the flow better than the improvised schemes because the high pressure through ... An "up pressure" sensor can detect when the bag or syringe is empty, or even if the bag or syringe is being squeezed. A drug ... A "down pressure" sensor will detect when the patient's vein is blocked, or the line to the patient is kinked. This may be ...
The authors propose that temporal autonomy can be used as an indicator of freedom, which is measured by how many hours people ... Goodin, Robert E.; Rice, James Mahmud; Bittman, Michael; Saunders, Peter (2005). "The time-pressure illusion: Discretionary ... Graeff, Peter (2012). "Measuring individual freedom: Actions and rights as indicators of individual liberty" (PDF). In McMahon ... time vs free time". Social Indicators Research. 73 (1): 43-70. doi:10.1007/s11205-004-4642-9. S2CID 145083451. Rice, James ...
2005). "The time-pressure illusion: Discretionary time vs free time". Social Indicators Research 73(1), 43-70. (JamesMahmudRice ... "Time pressure" (PDF)) Peter N. Stearns, ed., Encyclopedia of European social history from 1350 to 2000 (2001) 5:3-261. Mark ... Certainly most people's leisure activities are not a completely free choice and may be constrained by social pressures. For ... may feel the need to spend time gardening to keep up with their neighbor's gardens or go to a party because of social pressures ...
Pyrope is an indicator mineral for high-pressure rocks. Mantle-derived rocks (peridotites and eclogites) commonly contain a ... It is used as an indicator mineral in the search for diamonds. Formula: X3Z2(TO4)3 (X = Ca, Fe, etc., Z = Al, Cr, etc., T = Si ... Mixed with very high pressure water, garnet is used to cut steel and other materials in water jets. For water jet cutting, ... The composition that is stable at the pressure and temperature conditions of Earth's mantle is pyrope, which is often found in ...
Kelley, Judith G.; Simmons, Beth A. (2015). "Politics by Number: Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations". ... Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations." American Journal of Political Science with Beth Simmons, 2014 "D- ... Indicators as Social Pressure in International Relations." American Journal of Political Science. January 2015. With Beth ... Her newest work focuses on new tools of influence such as global governance indicators. 2012: Induced as a Fellow of the Bass ...
The indicator of volatility is saturated vapor pressure (sublimation pressure). At temperature 40 K (close to minimum value for ... 6 June 2020 further pressure decline to 0.91±0.03 Pa was measured. The scale height of pressure in Pluto's atmosphere varies ... The surface pressure was estimated to be 1 Pa (1.1±0.1 at entry of the spacecraft behind Pluto and 1.0±0.1 at the exit). This ... The surface pressure turned out to be 1.0-1.1 Pa. Earth-based observations suggested about 0.4-0.6% in 2008 and 0.3-0.4% in ...
"Benthic freshwater cyanobacteria as indicators of anthropogenic pressures". Ecological Indicators. 67: 693-702. doi:10.1016/j. ... Biosignature Ecological indicator Environmental indicator Indicator value Sentinel species Barbour, M.T.; Gerritsen, J.; ... Benthic indicators are the most frequently used water quality test within the United States. While benthic indicators should ... A biological indicator is also the name given to a process for assessing the sterility of an environment through the use of ...
2002). Indicators to measure decoupling of environmental pressure from economic growth. Sustainable development, Retrieved from ... Yadong, Y (2013). "Eco-efficiency trends in china, 1978-2010:decoupling environmental pressure from economic growth". ... The main goal in years to come is to create headline indicators to carry out macro-level analysis at a country/world scale. ... Ecological Indicators. 24: 177-184. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.06.007. OECD Secretariat. ( ...
This would be a more valid and useful indicator of the state of terrestrial health." Human pressures on global freshwater ... Continuing pressure on the Earth System from human activities raises the possibility that further pressure could be ... Indicators and targets". Ecological Indicators. 17: 4-13. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.033. Richardson K, Steffen W, and ... Evidence is growing that human pressures are starting to overwhelm the Earth's buffering capacity. Humans are now the most ...
It is equipped with a wind indicator and pressure and temperature sensors. The MET also contains a lidar (light detection and ... The surface wind velocity, pressure, and temperature were also monitored over the mission (from the tell-tale, pressure, and ... A pressure sensor built by Finnish Meteorological Institute is located in the Payload Electronics Box, which sits on the ... The Pressure and Temperature sensors commenced operations on Sol 0 (May 26, 2008) and operated continuously, sampling once ...
... signals to pressure controllers (PIC). Pressure vessels and tanks are also usually provided with local pressure indicators (PI ... For example, pressure regulators maintain a constant pre-set pressure, and rupture discs and pressure safety valves open at pre ... Pressure is measured by pressure sensors (PE) which are arranged to transmit pressure (PT) ... Two important items of pressure instrumentation are rupture (bursting) discs (PSE) and pressure relief or pressure safety ...
Economists and bankers often watch capacity utilization indicators for signs of inflation pressures. It is often believed that ... As a derivative indicator, the "output gap percentage" (%OG) can be measured as the gap between actual output (AO) and ... Implicitly, the capacity utilization rate is also an indicator of how efficiently the factors of production are being used. ... Bondholders view strong capacity utilization (above the trend rate) as a leading indicator of higher inflation. Higher ...
The only analogue instruments were the radio-magnetic indicator and brake pressure indicator. Since 2003, the A320 features ... The A320 retained the dark cockpit (where an indicator is off when its system is running; useful for drawing attention to ... Consequently, Pratt & Whitney abandoned the five-stage high-pressure compressor (HPC) for the MTU-designed six-stage HPC. The ... dysfunctions when an indicator is lit) from the A310, the first widebody designed to be operated without a flight engineer and ...
The LeSabre was facelifted for 1997, moving the turn signal indicators to the front bumper instead of the headlamp assembly. A ... Optional instrumentation included a tachometer and temperature, oil pressure, and charging voltage gauges. In 1993, a special ... Instrumentation included gas gauge, speedometer, and gear indicator. ... tire pressure monitoring system, heated seats, dual-zone climate control, and RainSense automatic windshield wipers. Although ...
The dynamic pressure includes terms for both density and airspeed. Since the airspeed indicator cannot know the density, it is ... Since it is this same dynamic pressure that drives the airspeed indicator, an aircraft will always, for example, stall at the ... It uses the difference between total pressure and static pressure, provided by the system, to either mechanically or ... is stagnation or total pressure in pascals; p s {\displaystyle p_{s}} is static pressure in pascals; and ρ {\displaystyle \rho ...
... pressure can also be used as an indicator of cloud top height. The Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite ... "Cloud Top Pressure (GOES 11/12)". CIMSS. MISR home page Measuring instruments GOME-2 Near-Real-Time Service and archiv NRL ... It is traditionally expressed either in metres above the Earth (or planetary) surface, or as the corresponding pressure level ... Studies (CIMSS) provides real-time cloud top pressure maps of the conterminous United States derived from data obtained from ...
Wolves use eye contact and posture as an indicator of dominance or submission, which are largely age-based; these postures are ... Such access to mating females creates strong selective pressure for intra-sex competition. Wolves show deference to the alpha ...
Two seconds later the first officer called "no spoilers" as the spoiler indicator light had not switched on. He then verified ... and air pressure (QNH) of 1,021 hectopascals (14.81 psi). The aircraft was a British Aerospace 146-200 (BAe 146), serial number ... at touchdown and were guided by the precision approach path indicator. Upon passing the threshold the aircraft had a slightly ... the hydraulic pressure and that the switch was set correctly. Meanwhile, the commander had switched the thrust levers from ...
In the heat exchangers: The working fluid takes a long and sinuous path which ensures good heat exchange but causes pressure ... The ASHRAE safety classification of refrigerants can be used as an indicator of the fluid dangerousness level. Good ... Those irreversibilities mainly occur: During the expansion: Only a part of the energy recoverable from the pressure difference ... pressure drops, mechanical losses, leakages, etc. are implemented. ORC models can be subdivided into two main types: steady- ...
Owing to inadequate pressure people struggle to collect water even when it is available. According to the World Bank, none have ... Two indicators of operating efficiency are non-revenue water and labour productivity. Non-revenue water. According to the ... Only following pressure from the state government it reluctantly agreed to increase commercial tariffs, but not residential ... performance indicators that compare with average international standards. A 2007 study by the Asian Development Bank showed ...
... methods for the assessment of pleural pressure to determine regional gravitational effects on the lung; indicator dilution ... and calculated by subtracting pulmonary capillary wedge pressure from the mean pulmonary arterial pressure and dividing by the ... "The relationship between pulmonary artery wedge pressure and left atrial pressure in man". Circ. Res. 2 (5): 434-440. doi: ... Wood, EH; Leusen, IR; Warner, HR; Wright, JL (July 1954). "Measurement of pressures in man by cardiac catheters". Circ Res. 2 ( ...
She noted two key indicators of this dysfunction: achievement pressure and emotional isolation from parents. In affluent ... ISBN 978-0-06-059584-5. "The Price of Privilege: How Parental Pressure and Material Advantage Are Creating a Generation of ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Levine, Madeline (2006). The Price of Privilege: How Parental Pressure and Material ...
Activation of hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1α (HIF-1α) is an indicator of hypoxia. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a protein that constricts ... blood vessels and raises blood pressure. It has been shown that ethanol-induced miR-199 down-regulation may contribute to ...
The surface pressure - molecular area isotherm is one of the important indicators of monolayer properties. Additionally, it is ... pressure} } γ = s u r f a c e t e n s i o n o f s u b p h a s e w i t h m o n o l a y e r {\displaystyle \gamma =\mathrm { ... Measurement of surface pressure can be done by means of a Wilhelmy plate or Langmuir balance. The Wilhelmy method consists of a ... F = 2 ( t p + w p ) γ L V cos ⁡ ( θ ) {\displaystyle F=2(t_{p}+w_{p})\gamma _{LV}\cos(\theta )\,} The surface pressure is then ...
... biomarkers were primarily physiological indicators such as blood pressure or heart rate. More recently, biomarker is becoming a ... Blood pressure is used to determine the risk of stroke. It is also widely known that cholesterol values are a biomarker and ... More generally a biomarker is anything that can be used as an indicator of a particular disease state or some other ... Several biomarkers have been identified for many diseases such as serum LDL for cholesterol, blood pressure, and P53 gene and ...
This version featured additional instrumentation with a tachometer, battery charge indicator, and oil pressure gauge. The same ...
The aircraft was somewhat basic; instruments were airspeed indicator, altimeter, oil pressure gauge, tachometer, turn and bank ... indicator and compass. The Gordon was developed from the IIIF, primarily by use of the new Armstrong Siddeley Panther engine. ...
As the battery discharges, the hydrogen pressure drops, providing a reliable state of charge indicator. In one communication ... Common/dependent pressure vessel (C/DPV) is a hybrid of the common pressure vessel (CPV) and the dependent pressure vessel (DPV ... Individual pressure vessel (IPV) design consists of a single unit of NiH2 cells in a pressure vessel. Common pressure vessel ( ... individual pressure vessel) cell), and the high pressure required makes for high-cost pressure vessels. The positive electrode ...
In case of Estonia this indicator is lower than in Latvia and Lithuania but stays stable average 7 percent from total number of ... Pressures on unions continued into the 1980s and '90s. Private sector unions faced plant closures in many manufacturing ... In the 1970s the federal government came under intense pressures to curtail labour cost and inflation. In 1975, the Liberal ...
"Science and Engineering Indicators. Arlington, Virginia: Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Science Foundation ... Spinal manipulation aims to treat "vertebral subluxations" which are claimed to put pressure on nerves. Chiropractic was ...
Fukuoka used the presence of spiders in his fields as a key performance indicator of sustainability.[citation needed] ... The effect is due to pressure differences between soil areas. Furthermore, tilling most certainly destroys soil horizons and ...
Death, if it occurs, follows typically six to sixteen days after symptoms appear and is often due to low blood pressure from ... Possible non-specific laboratory indicators of EVD include a low platelet count; an initially decreased white blood cell count ... follows typically six to sixteen days from first symptoms and is often due to low blood pressure from fluid loss.[2] In general ... This is often due to low blood pressure from fluid loss, and typically follows six to 16 days after symptoms appear.[2] ...
... including the use of excessive pressure or inappropriately large needles.[158][162] ... "Acne: risk indicator for increased body mass index and insulin resistance". Acta Dermato-Venereologica (Review). 93 (6): 644-9 ...
"International Drug Price Indicator Guide. Retrieved 28 November 2015.. *^ British national formulary : BNF 69 (69 ed.). British ... low blood pressure, and shortness of breath.[2] Other severe side effects include reactivation of hepatitis B in those ...
Despite of other indicator related to maternal health, the health indicator of contraceptive prevalence rate is showing its ... pressure was applied on health workers to attend clinics and provide services in rebel base areas; the conflict created an ... Typically, a history of conflict negatively affects health indicators. However, Nepal made progress in most health indicators ... "World Development Indicators [online database]. Washington DC: The World Bank; 2015". World Development Indicators [online ...
"Science and Engineering Indicators 2002. National Science Foundation. Archived from the original on 18 August 2005. Retrieved 7 ... The earliest stone tools were little more than a fractured rock, but approximately 75,000 years ago,[24] pressure flaking ...
Vital signs including height, weight, body temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiration rate, and hemoglobin oxygen ... General appearance of the patient and specific indicators of disease (nutritional status, presence of jaundice, pallor or ...
There is no sharp boundary between diagenesis and metamorphism, but the latter occurs at higher temperatures and pressures. ... "The use of clay minerals and inorganic and organic geochemical indicators for evaluating the degree of diagenesis and oil ... These changes happen at relatively low temperatures and pressures and result in changes to the rock's original mineralogy and ... at temperatures and pressures less than that required for the formation of metamorphic rocks.[1] It does not include changes ...
This may have put some pressure on other birds but at the time of early European contact (18th century) and colonisation (19th ... The decline of amphibian populations has also been identified as an indicator of environmental degradation. As well as habitat ... In many cases, it is suggested that even minimal hunting pressure was enough to wipe out large fauna, particularly on ... The underlying reason includes evolutionary adaptation of large mammals to humans as well as greater pest pressure on human ...
At this point, the original spurious signal of high pressure disappeared. The dump valves closed, increasing the back pressure ... However, the indicator needle on the water depth gauge stuck in the low position, indicating a dangerous condition. The ... June 5, 1970: A minor instrumentation error on the Dresden II reactor caused the pressure to appear too high, triggering the ... However, the pumps read low suction pressure at the inlet, which caused them to turn off to avoid running dry. One pump turned ...
Doing a rectal exam to examine stool color may provide a clue as to the location of the bleed but is not a reliable indicator;[ ...
Pressure areas where the brain tissue has been compressed by a tumor also appear hyperintense on T2-weighted scans and might ... Thus the disruption of the BBB, which can be detected by MRI and CT, is regarded as the main diagnostic indicator for malignant ... Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) may be attributable to the direct mass effect of the tumor, increased blood volume, or ... Headaches as a result of raised intracranial pressure can be an early symptom of brain cancer.[13] However, isolated headache ...
This process requires pressures that may reach 100 mm Hg in humans and 450 mm Hg in penguins.[4][5] The forces required to ... Generally, this material is the best indicator archaeologists can use to determine ancient diets, as no other part of the ... Meyer-Rochow, Victor Benno; Gal, Jozsef (2003). "Pressures produced when penguinsnpoo - calculations on avian defaecation". ... prompting the sphincter to relieve the pressure on it and to release the feces.[5] ...
Gas storage in activated carbons is an appealing gas storage method because the gas can be stored in a low pressure, low mass, ... It is an important indicator of activated carbon to maintain its physical integrity and withstand frictional forces. There are ... Similar to EAC, it is also noted for its low pressure drop, high mechanical strength and low dust content, but with a smaller ... Activated carbon, in 50% w/w combination with celite, is used as stationary phase in low-pressure chromatographic separation of ...
Materials Characterization: D. 'Relevant' Materials Parameters: 2. Confinement Pressure, which has a similar explanation. ... Ackermann, Eric (February 2006), "Indicators of failed information epidemics in the scientific journal literature: A ... This creates a high partial pressure, reducing the average separation of hydrogen isotopes. However, the reduction in ... pressured by the University of Utah, which wanted to establish priority on the discovery,[30] broke their apparent agreement, ...
This adaptation allows the chest to compress during deep dives as opposed to resisting the force of water pressure.[11] ... Brain size was previously considered a major indicator of the intelligence of an animal. Since most of the brain is used for ... This adaptation allows the chest to compress during deep dives as the pressure increases.[11] Mysticetes consist of four ... blood is rerouted from tissue tolerant of water pressure to the heart and brain among other organs; haemoglobin and myoglobin ...
However, since the 71st WHA in 2017, Chinese pressure has prevented Taiwan's participation in the WHA.[36] Representatives from ... World Health Organization, Informal consultation with Member States and UN Agencies on a proposed set of indicators for the ... following the election of Tsai Ing-wen and subsequent political pressure from China.[27] 8764744 N VMNF ... called for the reinstatement of Taiwan's observer status in protest against Chinese pressure.[34] ...
Increased intracranial pressure manifesting as cerebral edema, papilledema, and headache[4] (may be referred to as Idiopathic ... Retinol concentrations are nonsensitive indicatorsEdit. Assessing vitamin A status in persons with subtoxicity or toxicity is ... complicated because serum retinol concentrations are not sensitive indicators in this range of liver vitamin A reserves.[20] ...
Informativeness of indices of blood pressure, obesity and serum lipids in relation to ischaemic heart disease mortality: the ... Unhealthy eating habits, physical exercise and macronutrient intakes are predictors of anthropometric indicators in the Women's ... Indicators of activity-friendly communities: An evidence-based consensus process. Am J Prev Med (Research Support). 2006-12, 31 ...
The reported sensitivity is 820 Vrms/T with a resolution 200 nT at the pressure level of 1mbar. ... or high pressure oil or gas pipelines. When a magnet (generally an electromagnet creating a varying frequency field) creates ... such as mechanical damping of resonator itself or damping from outside pressure and temperature. [2] ... A resonant magnetic field microsensor with high quality factor at atmospheric pressure. J. Micromech. Microeng. 2009, 19, ...
Maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP) MIP, also known as negative inspiratory force (NIF), is the maximum pressure that can be ... and FEV1/VC as indicators of obstructive disease.[16][17] ... Maximal pressure (Pmax and Pi) Spirometer - ERV in cc (cm3) ... pressure measured at the airway opening (PaO) during an occlusion at end-inspiration and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP ... Represented by centimeters of water pressure (cmH2O) and measured with a manometer. Maximum inspiratory pressure is an ...
Cope, K., Crabtree, C., & Fariss, C. (2020). Patterns of disagreement in indicators of state repression. Political Science ... These organisations collect evidence and documentation of human rights abuses and apply pressure to promote human rights. ... acquire leverage on the basis of legally being able to claim enforcement of these wide-reaching rights would create pressures ...
The surface pressure - molecular area isotherm is one of the important indicators of monolayer properties. Additionally, it is ... displaystyle \Pi =\mathrm {surface\ pressure} }. γ. =. s. u. r. f. a. c. e. t. e. n. s. i. o. n. o. f. s. u. b. p. h. a. s. e. ... "Surface Pressure - Biolin Scientific". Biolin Scientific. Retrieved 2017-08-03.. *^ Franklin, B., Brownrigg, W., & Farish, M. ( ... Measurement of surface pressure can be done by means of a Wilhelmy plate or Langmuir balance.[3] ...
Few other cooling applications approach the large volumes of water required to condense low pressure steam at power stations.[ ... Quality indicators. *Adsorbable organic halides. *Biochemical oxygen demand. *Chemical oxygen demand. *Coliform index ... Water cooling also has a boiling point temperature of around 100 degrees C at atmospheric pressure. Engines operating at higher ... Water has unusually high specific heat capacity among commonly available liquids at room temperature and atmospheric pressure ...
In preliminary research, beetroot juice reduced blood pressure in hypertensive animals[15] and so may have an effect on ... hypothesis is controversial as it has not yet been established whether homocysteine itself is harmful or is just an indicator ... Hobbs, D. A.; Kaffa, N.; George, T. W.; Methven, L.; Lovegrove, J. A. (2012). "Blood pressure-lowering effects of beetroot ... "Inorganic Nitrate and Beetroot Juice Supplementation Reduces Blood Pressure in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis". ...
Pressure to reduce amakudari retirement to corporations may be leading to an increase in bureaucrats retiring to other public ... an indicator of the prudential behaviour of banks).[17] ...
Water-resistant and waterproof often refer to penetration of water in its liquid state and possibly under pressure, whereas ... Test Method for Determining the Water Vapor Resistance of Sheet Materials in Contact with Liquid Water by the Dry Indicator ... This causes hydrostatic pressure on both the membrane and structure and requires full encapsulation of the basement structure ... The membrane deals with the shedding of water and the ingress of water vapor only, with no hydrostatic pressure. Generally, ...
in the mixture to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water (. p. H. 2. O. ∗. ). {\displaystyle (p_{H_{2}O}^{*})}. over a flat ... Relative humidity is an important metric used in weather forecasts and reports, as it is an indicator of the likelihood of ... of an air-water mixture is defined as the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor (. p. H. 2. O. ). {\displaystyle (p_{H_{ ... pressure, or total volume; that is, a change in at least one of these three parameters. If temperature and pressure remain ...
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Pressure Indicators. Pressure Indicator includes data logger functionality.. Available in 10 pressure ranges from 15-10,000 psi ... Pressure Indicators. Purge Solutions Now Have Certification Issued by UL for Its CYCLOPS Y and Z -Purge Indicators. Purge ... Pressure Indicators. Thermal Analysis System records temp, velocity, and pressure.. Used to profile heat sinks, components, and ... Pressure Indicators. Sensor Products Inc. is Offering Fuji Prescale® Film for Contact Surface Pressure Measurement. Madison, NJ ...
The Bank of Canada monitors a wide range of indicators in assessing the extent of pressures on capacity and inflation. The ... This uncertainty is addressed by considering a wide range of indicators in various markets. Many of these indicators are ... Labour market indicator (LMI) 6.1. 6.1. 5.9. 5.9. 5.6. 5.5. 5.6. 5.5 Dec ...
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WIKA has added an easy to install and inexpensive attachable indicator to its range of products. The digital indicator A-AS-1 ... USERS of pressure transmitters are often faced with the problem of realising a local display on an existing transmitter. ... The digital indicator A-AS-1 also offers other features. The bright LED display is clear to read even under adverse lighting ... USERS of pressure transmitters are often faced with the problem of realising a local display on an existing transmitter. WIKA ...
Pressure Trend Indicator. Discussion in Weather Watcher - Suggestions started by alden.al, May 20, 2008. ... May I suggest incorporating a pressure trend indicator for both the main screen and the tray info, to give an idea of what is ... If you see neither, thats telling you the pressure is steady.. EDIT:. I found that the tray tooltip window was not displaying ... happening to the pressure, rather than just at a particular point in time?. Best Regards. Alden.al ...
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Peak pressures are similar, but the maximum pressure gradient under the forefoot (A) is much greater than the maximum pressure ... "Pressure Gradient" as an Indicator of Plantar Skin Injury Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Diabetes ... forefoot pressures are much higher than rearfoot pressures (forefoot-to-rearfoot pressure ratio 2.3 ± 2.4 [mean ± SD]) in ... The PPG may be a useful indicator of skin trauma because spatial changes in high plantar pressures may identify high stress ...
Rigid manometer designed for the measurement of pressures, vacuums or differential pressures with a maximum operating pressure ... Lite Visual Room Pressure Indicator Simple and cost-effective way to monitor and display room dp in areas that require manual ... MANO2-A Differential Pressure Manometer up to 2 PSI Portable, battery operated pressure measuring device for anyone working ... MANO2-A Differential Pressure Manometer up to 2 PSI Portable, battery operated pressure measuring device for anyone working ...
By indicator. Mean systolic blood pressure (age-standardized estimate) (Noncommunicable diseases). This indicator is available ... Indicator definition *Data table: Mean systolic blood pressure trends, age-standardized (mmHg) Estimates by country (view.main. ... Data table: Mean systolic blood pressure trends, age-standardized (mmHg) Global estimates (view.main.12467GLOBAL) ...
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Home / Resources / Other Websites / National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators Pressure Ulcer Training Modules ... The training includes four modules: Pressure Ulcers and Staging; Other Wound Types and Skin Injuries; Pressure Ulcer Survey ... The National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators by the American Nurses Association provides online training modules for ... clinicians in preventing and caring for pressure ulcers. ... National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators Pressure Ulcer ...
Brake pressure gauge The GSA28 is based on a single needle gauge is and has the proper faceplate for brake pressure The stepper ... Brake pressure gauge. The GSA28 is based on a single needle gauge is and has the proper faceplate for brake pressure. The ...
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and heart attacks worldwide - and one in four people have it ... Research to identify and target high blood pressure indicators. New research led by the University of Plymouth could identify ... Home / Press office / Research to identify and target high blood pressure indicators. ... High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and heart attacks worldwide - and one in four people have it ...
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HealingWell.com Forum , Diseases & Conditions , Heart & Cardiovascular Disease , Blood Pressure as indicator of oncoming ... would there be a noticeable change in blood pressure at that time? I ask because my bp and heart rate seem pretty normal when ...
Rising systolic blood pressure is the clearest indicator for increased risk of death compared to other blood pressure ... Diastolic pressure, the lower number, measures the pressure as the heart relaxes to fill with blood. A diastolic pressure ... "Systolic Blood Pressure, Diastolic Blood Pressure, and Pulse Pressure: An Evaluation of Their Joint Effect on Mortality" was ... Systolic pressure, which is the higher number and first number in a blood pressure reading, measures the force of blood in the ...
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  • Wrist blood pressure monitor measures systolic and diastolic blood pressure and features oscillometer and silicone integrated pressure sensor technology. (staples.com)
  • Dr. Guallar and his colleagues studied the effects of high systolic and diastolic blood pressure simultaneously and found a direct and consistent correlation between increased systolic blood pressure and an increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease and for all other causes among all of the study participants. (innovations-report.com)
  • Pulse pressure alone, without appropriate attention to systolic and diastolic blood pressure components, is an inadequate indicator of mortality risk," said Dr. Guallar. (innovations-report.com)
  • The present application relates to blood pressure monitors and in particular to mercury column manometer and aneroid manometer monitors for determining and Visually presenting systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings, and in a continuation-in-part of my copending -application which issued August 24, 1965 as U.S. Patent No. 3,202,148. (google.ca)
  • The mean pressure of the arterial systern is usually given as one-half of the sum of value of the systolic and diastolic pressures but may be slightly lower. (google.ca)
  • Pulse pressure is the Ldifference between systolic and diastolic pressures. (google.ca)
  • For more than 20 years Sensor Products Inc. has been a leader in the field of tactile pressure and force measurement. (thomasnet.com)
  • Background: Pay for performance incentives are becoming increasingly popular, but are typically based on only a single point-in-time measurement as an indicator of chronic condition management. (g-i-n.net)
  • PointScan is a portable Windows based measurement system that enables rapid evaluation of pressure magnitude at any given point on Fuji Prescale surface pressure indicating film. (sensorprod.com)
  • Compact,portable and user-friendly, the Fam-health blood pressure monitor is an oscillometric technology based atrm cuff monitor that inflate and deflate automatically to the most suitable level once you press the power button, offering more accurate measurement results compared with traditional auscultatory method. (influenster.com)
  • The synchronous bood pressure and pulse measurement allow you to know your blood pressure and heartbeat level by reading both arabic numerals and condition indicator. (influenster.com)
  • Indirect measurement of brachial artery blood pressure is still the most commonly used indicator of hemodynamic changes and circulatory function in the clinical [ 1 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • For brachial artery blood pressure measurement, wrap the cuff on the mid upper arm, leave cuff lower edge 2 to 3 cm from the cubital fossa, align the cuff markings with the arterial pulse position. (alliedacademies.org)
  • For ankle dorsalis pedis artery blood pressure measurement, wrap the cuff on the lower leg, leave cuff lower edge 2 to 3 cm from the medial malleolus, align the cuff markings with the dorsalis pedis artery pulse position. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Compact, portable and simple-to-use, the Ozeri CardioTech Blood Pressure Monitor is an advanced wrist cuff monitor with MWI (Measure While Inflate) technology that automatically inflates to the appropriate level (no adjustments required) while reducing measurement time. (novatechgadgets.com)
  • Differential pressure (DP) flow measurement is a well-known and common technology for measuring flow in a closed pipe. (yokogawa.com)
  • With improved digital performance, measurement accuracy, and overpressure protection, DPharp pressure transmitters contribute to enhanced product quality. (yokogawa.com)
  • Fluctuations in static pressure and temperature cause errors in differential pressure measurement. (yokogawa.com)
  • Given these three pieces of process data, our differential pressure transmitters compensate the DP measurement for temperature effect and static pressure effect in real time. (yokogawa.com)
  • Blood pressure is one of the most not have warning signs or symptoms, and is only identified through measurement. (alaska.gov)
  • The Cerabar PMP51 digital pressure transmitter with metal membrane is typically used in process and hygiene applications for pressure, level, volume or mass measurement in liquids or gases. (endress.com)
  • DIRECT MEASUREMENT The earliest and perhaps the most complicated method of measuring blood pressure was the direct method. (google.ca)
  • Moreover, the ergonomic design of blood pressure cuff ensure the accuracy of blood pressure measurement and comfort of the user. (alibaba.com)
  • Compact, portable and simple-to-use, the Ozeri CardioTech BP5K Blood Pressure Monitor is an advanced wrist cuff monitor with a new intelligent voice-guided feature that alerts you to the proper positioning of your wrist for accurate blood pressure measurements. (opensky.com)
  • Based on a wrist cuff design, the Ozeri CardioTech Blood Pressure Monitor is especially helpful for users with above average arm sizes and it stores compactly in a carrying case for travel. (novatechgadgets.com)
  • Do I need an upper arm cuff or wrist mount blood pressure monitor? (choice.com.au)
  • The majority of blood pressure monitors are the upper-arm cuff type, but we're increasingly seeing wrist cuff models available, which look a little bit like an overgrown wrist watch. (choice.com.au)
  • The cuff has to be inflated to a level above the systolic blood pressure, but the automatic inflation setting might be a lot higher and it could be uncomfortable. (choice.com.au)
  • XL Blood Pressure Cuff is perfect for people with larger upper arms. (amazon.com)
  • The ornamental design for a blood-pressure cuff, as shown and described. (google.com)
  • The broken lines in the figure views are included for the purpose of illustrating portions of the blood-pressure cuff that form no part of the claimed design. (google.com)
  • Includes: monitor, adult or large adult arm nylon cuff, zippered storage case, AC adapter port, 4 AA batteries, detailed English/Spanish guidebook, quick start guide and blood pressure reading log. (walgreens.com)
  • Automatic Irregular heartbeat (Arrhythmia) detection and Hypertension Indicator. (opensky.com)
  • Hypertension Indicator provides an instant comparison to standards set by the World Health Organization. (walgreens.com)
  • Designed for critical low differential pressure applications, Series RSM can be configured to monitor positive or negative pressure in protected environments and hospital isolation rooms per CDC guidelines. (thomasnet.com)
  • OVENTROP-Differential pressure relief valve with preset indicator, to maintain a minimum water circulation or to avoid flow noises. (oventrop.com)
  • Differential Pressure instruments compare two pressures and transmit the difference to a control unit. (yokogawa.com)
  • The line includes transmitters that can measure differential pressure, absolute pressure, and gauge pressure. (yokogawa.com)
  • Liquid Level transmitters measure differential pressure to infer the level in a vessel. (yokogawa.com)
  • A Multi-Sensing transmitter combines transmitters for Differential Pressure, Gauge Pressure, and Temperature into one field instrument. (yokogawa.com)
  • Using Bernoulli's equation, Differential Pressure transmitters can be used to infer the flow of fluid through a pipe. (yokogawa.com)
  • Yokogawa's DPharp digital sensor measures the differential pressure (DP), static pressure (SP), and sensor temperature from a single sensor. (yokogawa.com)
  • If pressurized, possibly use differential pressure meas-urement with two pressure transmitters (electronic dp). (endress.com)
  • These indicators are matched to specific transducer outputs, commonly used in oxygen systems. (aerocontact.com)
  • In this method a needle is introduced directly into the artery and by appropriate connection, a transducer is used to relate the pressure in the artery to a graph or other form 3,319,623 Patented May 16, 1967 ice of recording device. (google.ca)
  • Their evaluation of blood pressure measurements and mortality risk found that diastolic and pulse pressure measurements were weaker indicators of mortality risk and their effect was more dependent on age and other factors. (innovations-report.com)
  • Diastolic pressure, the lower number, measures the pressure as the heart relaxes to fill with blood. (innovations-report.com)
  • A diastolic pressure greater than 80 mm Hg is also considered unhealthy. (innovations-report.com)
  • Pulse pressure is the difference between the diastolic and systolic readings. (innovations-report.com)
  • There is some controversy in the medical community over whether the monitoring of systolic, diastolic, or pulse pressure should be the focus in treating hypertension. (innovations-report.com)
  • Increased diastolic pressure over 80 mm Hg was also associated with an increased risk of death. (innovations-report.com)
  • For participants over 65 years of age, the risk of death increased with low diastolic pressure. (innovations-report.com)
  • Increased pulse pressure caused by increased diastolic pressure could be associated with increased risk, decreased risk, and no change in the risk of mortality. (innovations-report.com)
  • In the 10 patients who died from CV complications, age, previous CV events, ambulatory systolic BP, ambulatory pulse pressure (PP), and life-long smoking level were significantly higher, and the office diastolic BP was lower at the time of inclusion than in those who did not die from CV complications (N = 47). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Background: In patients with atrial septal defect (ASD) and severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), diastolic pulmonary arterial pressure (DPAP) correlates closely with pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and can reflect the severity of pulmonary vascular disease. (omicsonline.org)
  • For most people high blood pressure is defined as a systolic (upper) number of 140 or greater and a diastolic (lower) number of 90 or greater. (utah.gov)
  • Higher number indicates systolic pressure, lower number indicates diastolic pressure. (healthiack.com)
  • After each shrinkage the heart expands again and is filled with new blood - at that moment blood pressure in the arteries drops for a moment - this is known as diastolic blood pressure (dia). (healthiack.com)
  • that is Ia point of minimal pressure coinciding with the resting phase or diastolic phase of the heart. (google.ca)
  • For instance, if the blood pressure were 120 systolic and SO diastolic, the pulse pressure would then be the difference between 120 and 80 or 40 millimeters of mercury. (google.ca)
  • The diastolic pressure provides for a uniform flow through the small blood vessels and arterioles. (google.ca)
  • The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI), a new index of arterial stiffness, was recently developed by measuring of pulse wave velocity (PWV) and blood pressure (BP). (nih.gov)
  • This study demonstrates for the first time that CAVI is a good indicator of arterial stiffness. (nih.gov)
  • Methods: Among 232 patients with ASD and severe PAH (systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP)≥70 mm Hg measured with right heart catheterization), 85 patients (21M/64F) undergoing closure of ASD were followed up. (omicsonline.org)
  • Compared with the popliteal arterial blood pressure and invasive blood pressure monitoring on lower extremity arteries which need certain technology and equipments, ankle dorsalis pedis arterial blood pressure monitoring is simple and easy, and can accurately reflect the hemodynamic changes in the body [ 6 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • However, the application of ankle dorsalis pedis arterial blood pressure monitoring in patients during shock resuscitation and of different ages has not bee reported. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against arterial walls. (alaska.gov)
  • High blood pressure or arterial hypertension is a very common chronic disease in developed world, affecting nearly every second adult. (healthiack.com)
  • 3) The -amount of blood in the arterial system also contributes to the pressure inasmuch as the blood vessels are elastic, the vessels must be lled to capacity before there is any blood pressure and then overilled to slightly distend the walls to elevate the pressure to the normal physiologic limits. (google.ca)
  • Conclusions could be drawn as to the relative pressure in the arterial system by properly standardizing the equipment. (google.ca)
  • USERS of pressure transmitters are often faced with the problem of realising a local display on an existing transmitter. (ferret.com.au)
  • Yokogawa pressure transmitters do more than just provide accurate and reliable data for process control. (yokogawa.com)
  • Engineered with DPharp sensor technology, our pressure transmitters deliver high reliability across a range of process conditions, eliminating numerous application challenges. (yokogawa.com)
  • Absolute Pressure transmitters compare a pressure relative to Absolute pressure. (yokogawa.com)
  • Yokogawa offers a complete line of ISA100 compliant pressure transmitters. (yokogawa.com)
  • Yokogawa offers a complete line of Manifolds, Communicators, Remote Indicators, and Pressure Calibrators to support your Pressure Transmitters. (yokogawa.com)
  • In Yokogawa's pressure transmitters, the DPharp sensor directly outputs a digital signal, eliminating the need for analog to digital conversion and improving performance. (yokogawa.com)
  • DPharp pressure transmitters are certified to high safety standards as well as international standards and require fewer calibrations. (yokogawa.com)
  • Rising systolic blood pressure is the clearest indicator for increased risk of death compared to other blood pressure measurements, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (innovations-report.com)
  • Of the 147 bladder pressure measurements done in these 42 patients, 47 (32%) were more than 10 mm Hg and 16 (11%) were more than 15 mm Hg. (nih.gov)
  • Compared with bladder pressure measurements, clinical abdominal assessment showed poor sensitivity and accuracy for elevated IAP. (nih.gov)
  • These findings suggest that more routine measurements of bladder pressure in patients at risk for intra-abdominal hypertension should be performed. (nih.gov)
  • All participants underwent blood pressure and anthropometric measurements using standard procedures. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Patients who were included had to have measurements of blood pressure , cholesterol, and A1C no more than six months apart, and researchers used the mean of those measurements if they were taken several times throughout the study period. (medicalxpress.com)
  • New intelligent voice-guided feature alerts you to the proper positioning of your wrist for accurate blood pressure measurements. (opensky.com)
  • Some monitors can store several recent blood pressure measurements, and some have separate memory storage for two users - this is a good feature to have if you're sharing the one monitor with your spouse or partner. (choice.com.au)
  • Indicators are developed based on quantitative measurements or statistics of environmental condition that are tracked over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Figures 3-6 show environmental pressures per Euro of spending for each of the 12 household consumption categories for 4 environmental pressure categories. (europa.eu)
  • This enables expenditure trends in the first two figures to be interpreted with respect to potential changes in environmental pressures caused by household consumption. (europa.eu)
  • This indicator shows financial effects and the amounts of environmental protection taxes and other duties for environmental pressures as well as use of natural resources in the Republic of Slovenia by individual year. (gov.si)
  • Environmental protection taxes and other environmental pressure duties are economic instruments of environmental protection policy, the basic aim of which is to encourage reduction of environmental pressures by implementing a "polluter pays" principle. (gov.si)
  • Portable unit features ±0.05% FS accuracy and is temperature compensated for workshop use or in-process applications.Â- Offered as stand-alone indicator or in 1 of 6 test-ready systems, indicator is ATEX and CSA certified for use in. (thomasnet.com)
  • Madison, NJ USA - Sensor Products Inc. is pleased to announce it is offering Fuji Prescale® pressure film. (thomasnet.com)
  • Sensor Product's films reveal pressures from 2 - 43,200 PSI (0.14 - 3,000 kg/cm2). (thomasnet.com)
  • This Tactile Pressure Indicating Sensor Film is extremely thin (4 to 8 mils) which enables it to conform to curved surfaces. (sensorprod.com)
  • A matrix-based tactile surface sensor that interprets pressure distribution & magnitude. (sensorprod.com)
  • Other pressure sensor technologies require an analog to digital conversion before the signal can be processed, introducing additional errors. (yokogawa.com)
  • The simple, robust design of Yokogawa's DPharp pressure sensor makes it less susceptible to overpressure events. (yokogawa.com)
  • A mechanical system within the transmitter provides additional overpressure protection by equalizing the excessive pressure before it reaches the sensor. (yokogawa.com)
  • As part of evaluations IC Diamond is doing to better understand user thermal grease performance data, a special pressure sensitive film from Sensor Products was given to a number of users in different forums who agreed to participate in this test using their own PCs as a test bed. (overclockers.com)
  • The film was sent to Sensor Products for data analysis - it records pressures on the IHS from 30 to 90 pounds which is translated into data and images for analysis by Sensor Products. (overclockers.com)
  • How does Tire pressure sensor work? (answers.com)
  • Direct systems attach a pressure sensor/transmitter to the vehicle's wheel inside the tire's air chamber. (answers.com)
  • This system uses a small battery-powered pressure sensor with radio transmitter on the back of each tire valve, attached to the wheel rim. (answers.com)
  • Low tire pressure or failed tire pressure sensor.Low tire pressure or failed tire pressure sensor. (answers.com)
  • How to replace boxster s tire pressure sensor battery? (answers.com)
  • You can not replace just the tire pressure sensor on a Boxster. (answers.com)
  • A tire pressure sensor is located within the tire. (answers.com)
  • The sensor then provides information to the Tire Pressure Monitoring System and informs the driver when the pressure falls below a certain level. (answers.com)
  • It could, some vehicles do have a tire pressure sensor in the spare. (answers.com)
  • Where is the Toyota rav 2004 tire pressure sensor on the car? (answers.com)
  • the tire pressure sensor is usually the valve where you inflate or deflate your tire. (answers.com)
  • How do you reset the Tire Pressure Sensor Default light on a 2009 Ford Focus? (answers.com)
  • my dash sensor showed wrong pressure,but all tires were good. (answers.com)
  • Even the spare has a sensor Any tire could have improper pressure, or a bad sensor. (answers.com)
  • The tire pressure sensor is located in the wheel. (answers.com)
  • You either have a failed or a missing tire pressure sensor. (answers.com)
  • Tire pressure sensor in mounted inside the tire at the valve stem. (answers.com)
  • It's to let you know if the tire pressure sensor monitor is working or not. (answers.com)
  • Tire pressure sensor located on your 2002 Chrysler Town And Country? (answers.com)
  • Is there a fuse I can remove for the Ford Explorer tire pressure sensor? (answers.com)
  • Does tire size effect the tire pressure sensor? (answers.com)
  • If it does not, you probably have a bad tire pressure sensor. (answers.com)
  • How do you reset tire pressure sensor on 2008 Nissan Sentra? (answers.com)
  • fill tires with proper air pressure, if the light remains on after a short drive you probably have a failed tire pressure sensor. (answers.com)
  • Is there a replaceable battery in tire pressure sensor 2004 pacifica? (answers.com)
  • If it is not going off when the tire is filled to the proper tire pressure i would say its the sensor but you would have to get a mechanic to figure out witch one it is. (answers.com)
  • The invention allows transcutaneous telemetry of the measured information intracranial pressure via a system which includes a patient implanted sensor module and a processing. (google.co.uk)
  • The invention allows transcutaneous telemetry of the measured information intracranial pressure via a system which includes a patient implanted sensor module and a processing and display module which is external of the patient and optically coupled to the sensor module via an external coupling module. (google.co.uk)
  • The sensor output is dynamic in that the resistance will vary as external pressure is repeatedly applied and removed. (google.ca)
  • The circuit limits the maximum possible current which can flow in the sensor and provides increased resolution in measuring pressure between contacting surfaces. (google.ca)
  • A small, inexpensive, but reliable pressure warning system includes a plurality of pressure sensors which are disposed between an orthopedic restraining member and an injured portion of a patient's body, and a processor and alarm unit coupled to the pressure sensor and providing a warning when the pressure reaches a danger level (i.e. 30 mm) in which medical assistance is required. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of ambulatory blood pressure (BP) on CV mortality in treated hypertensive hemodialysis patients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, it is unclear whether DPAP has potential to become a prognostic indicator for closure of ASD with severe PAH. (omicsonline.org)
  • Warrenton, VA Cooper Instruments Systems announced on Wednesday that they will add the new Model 7i Advanced Force/Torque Indicator to their line of Electronic Force Gauges. (thomasnet.com)
  • It is french built Alstom locomotive and all gauges & indicators are shown digitally on a screen. (trainsim.com)
  • The researchers found a complex association between pulse pressure and mortality. (innovations-report.com)
  • Increasing pulse pressure caused by increased systolic pressure was associated with an increased risk of mortality. (innovations-report.com)
  • Nocturnal blood pressure and 24-hour pulse pressure are potent indicators of mortality in hemodialysis patients. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Learn more about DPharp technology to discover the features and benefits of our pressure transmitter instrumentation. (yokogawa.com)
  • One is the Multi-variable Pressure Transmitter. (yokogawa.com)
  • Once it returns to normal operating pressure, the transmitter returns to operation within the defined accuracy and stability specifications with no need for recalibration. (yokogawa.com)
  • The Ozeri CardioTech Blood Pressure Monitor also detects irregular heartbeat (Arrhythmia) for an improved understanding of your heart's health. (opensky.com)
  • This advanced capability adds convenience and ease of use to those with conditions (such as arrhythmia) that lead to fluctuating blood pressure. (novatechgadgets.com)
  • It also calculates average blood pressure readings based on the 3 most recent readings, and detects irregular heart (Arrhythmia) for an improved understanding of your heart's heath. (novatechgadgets.com)
  • GPs could be paid an incentive to use ambulatory blood pressure readings to confirm all new diagnoses of hypertension, under NICE proposals for a new QOF indicator set out yesterday. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • With ample memory, the Ozeri CardioTech Blood Pressure Monitor stores up to 180 blood pressure readings with date and time memory recall (90 readings x 2 users), and automatically classifies each blood pressure reading according to World Health Organization hypertension guidelines. (opensky.com)
  • It calculates average blood pressure readings based on all readings in memory, AM versus PM readings, or the 3 most recent readings. (opensky.com)
  • Portable, accurate, and simple-to-use with clinically proven technology, stores 180 blood pressure readings (90 x 2 users) with date and time recordings. (opensky.com)
  • Push-button access to average blood pressure readings based on all readings in memory, AM versus PM readings, or the 3 most recent readings. (opensky.com)
  • For adults aged 65 and over, the prevalence of high blood pressure was similar for males and females in 2017. (utah.gov)
  • Where can one find tire pressure sensors? (answers.com)
  • With ingress protection of IP65 the attachable indicator can even be used under severe operating conditions. (ferret.com.au)
  • The guideline recommended anyone with a clinic blood pressure of equal to or higher than 140/90 mmHg have their diagnosis confirmed by ABPM, after evidence showed it would lead to more accurate diagnosis of hypertension. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Ideal blood pressure is below 120/80 mmHg. (healthiack.com)
  • The percentage of patients aged 80 years or over with coronary heart disease in whom the last blood pressure reading (measured in the preceding 12 months) is 150/90 mmHg or less. (nice.org.uk)
  • The PPG may be a useful indicator of skin trauma because spatial changes in high plantar pressures may identify high stress concentrations within the soft tissue. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We speculate that pressures that change substantially across adjacent areas on the surface of the foot, i.e., have a high pressure gradient, are more damaging to the plantar soft tissues than high pressures spread evenly across the foot. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • however, these pressures do not result in skin breakdown because the high pressures are distributed evenly across the surface of their skin. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • New research led by the University of Plymouth could identify how to target high blood pressure and other blood vessel problems. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a leading cause of stroke and heart attacks worldwide - and one in four people have it. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Both with and without time pressure, sexist joke ratings showed meaningful correlations with standard self-report measures, which attests to the joke measure's high reliability and construct validity. (deepdyve.com)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension) is an important risk factor for heart disease and stroke. (utah.gov)
  • Treatment works best when high blood pressure is identified early. (utah.gov)
  • Because high blood pressure does not produce symptoms, regular screening is recommended. (utah.gov)
  • In general, high blood pressure prevalence increased with age. (utah.gov)
  • Utah males had higher rates of high blood pressure in every age category. (utah.gov)
  • Doctor-diagnosed hypertension is based on the answer to the question: "Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you have high blood pressure? (utah.gov)
  • The percentage of adults who have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have high blood pressure. (utah.gov)
  • This indicator is used to estimate prevalence of high blood pressure in Utah. (utah.gov)
  • The number of survey respondents who report they have ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that they have high blood pressure. (utah.gov)
  • Approximately 75 million U.S. adults (29%)^4^ and 28% of Alaska adults^5^ have high blood pressure. (alaska.gov)
  • In 2014, high blood pressure was a primary or contributing cause of death for more than 1,100 Americans each day. (alaska.gov)
  • 5^ An additional one in three American adults has prehypertension--blood pressure numbers that are higher than normal, but not yet in the high blood pressure range. (alaska.gov)
  • 8^ High blood pressure raises a person's risk for heart disease and stroke-- the 2nd and 6th leading causes of death in Alaska. (alaska.gov)
  • 3,9^ High blood pressure is also a significant risk factor for coronary artery disease, arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), and kidney failure. (alaska.gov)
  • Risk for high blood pressure increases substantially with age. (alaska.gov)
  • High blood pressure costs the nation more than $48 billion each year. (alaska.gov)
  • The high blood pressure was asked on the Alaska BRFSS on odd-numbered years between 1991 and 1999, with the addition of 1992. (alaska.gov)
  • If you've encountered some stiff mounting pressure on that high performance heatsink, there's a reason - you get best performance at the top end of this spec - 70 lbf. (overclockers.com)
  • The last lapping smoothed out the high spots resulting in a relatively flat IHS (note: the numbers of the left are pounds of pressure). (overclockers.com)
  • Mounting the heatsink on the bump was like balancing a sheet of plywood on a basketball - the pressure on center, while high, tended to transmit the load to a bias on one side. (overclockers.com)
  • One in three Australian adults have high blood pressure (hypertension) and many more have low blood pressure (hypotension). (choice.com.au)
  • Taking medications according to your doctor's orders is associated with better control of high blood pressure. (mn.us)
  • Blood pressure can either be normal, low or high. (healthiack.com)
  • What are the consequences of high blood pressure? (healthiack.com)
  • PMP51 is designed for high pressure applications up to 400bar. (endress.com)
  • High-speed pressure cooking preserves flavors and nutrients. (homedepot.com)
  • Product Brief: YK series pressure switch: Usage: Mainly used in high & low pressure protecting the control for air conditioning cooling system of the domestic, commercial, automobile. (ecvv.com)
  • According to the CDC, only about half (54%) of Americans have their high blood pressure under control. (rochesterrhio.org)
  • Normal blood pressure reading, but it is considerd to be a bit high. (alibaba.com)
  • You may have high blood pressure (hypertension), consulting a doctor for further diagnosis. (alibaba.com)
  • The National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators by the American Nurses Association provides online training modules for clinicians in preventing and caring for pressure ulcers. (ihi.org)
  • Use of interval based quality indicators in blood pressure management to enhance quality of pay for performance incentives: comparison to two indicators from the Quality and Outcomes Framework Mabotuwana T, Warren J, Elley CR, Kennelly J, Paton C, Warren D et al. (g-i-n.net)
  • The purpose of this descriptive multi-site (N = 36 NDNQI-participating hospitals) study was to examine the reliability of the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators® (NDNQI®) pressure ulcer (PrU) risk and prevention measures. (ku.edu)
  • OBJECTIVE -Peak plantar pressures (PPPs) have been studied extensively as a contributing factor to skin breakdown, especially in the forefoot where most plantar neuropathic ulcers occur. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • and Community vs. Hospital/Unit-Acquired Pressure Ulcers. (ihi.org)
  • Pressure ulcers may be caused by a combination of three factors: extrinsic forces (pressure, friction, or shearing), impaired blood flow, and diminished quality of tissue. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Diagnostic Confirmation: Are you sure your patient has Pressure Ulcers? (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Approximately 2.5 million pressure ulcers are treated annually, with prevalence and incidence varying depending on the care setting. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • In acute care, the incidence of pressure ulcers ranges from 0.4% to 38% and prevalence ranges from 10% to 18% in the United States. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Some estimate total United States expenditures on treatment of pressures ulcers at $11 billion dollars annually. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Pressure ulcers are particularly common in frail, multimorbid patients who are usually elderly and with impaired mobility, as well as younger patients with spinal cord injuries or paralysis. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • C. History Part 3: Competing diagnoses that can mimic Pressure Ulcers. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • System includes backlit LCD with GUI that enables access to pressure, security, calibration, and alarm setup. (thomasnet.com)
  • Thermal Analysis System records temp, velocity, and pressure. (thomasnet.com)
  • An improved system is disclosed for electro-magnetically monitoring the condition of a vehicle tire which has a plurality of possible states, such as an internal air pressure which can fall within predetermined limits. (google.com)
  • The Oxygen Pressure Indicator is suitable for cockpit, remote charge panel and medical system pressure monitoring. (aerocontact.com)
  • A "user constructed" tactile surface pressure system that provides unprecedented flexibility. (sensorprod.com)
  • Let our technicians analyze your pressure exposed impressions with the all new Topaq Pressure Analysis System. (sensorprod.com)
  • Data for this indicator report are from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which is the primary source for estimating hypertension screening rates for Alaska. (alaska.gov)
  • An indirect system doesn't actually measure the tire pressure. (answers.com)
  • This measure looks at two types of blood pressure medications: renin angiotensin system antagonists (RASAs), which includes both Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers (ARBs), and diuretics. (mn.us)
  • The system is for healthcare professionals and people with hypertension to noninvasively measure blood pressure, those with diabetes to measure blood glucose, and those with hypercholesterolemia to measure cholesterol, but not simultaneously. (alibaba.com)
  • A parameter or a value derived from parameters that describe the state of the environment and its impact on human beings, ecosystems and materials, the pressures on the environment, the driving forces and the responses steering that system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental indicators are also used by companies in the framework of an Environmental management system. (wikipedia.org)
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the there was a significant positive correlation of obesity indicator with blood pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The Bank of Canada monitors a wide range of indicators in assessing the extent of pressures on capacity and inflation. (bankofcanada.ca)
  • This uncertainty is addressed by considering a wide range of indicators in various markets. (bankofcanada.ca)
  • WIKA has added an easy to install and inexpensive attachable indicator to its range of products. (ferret.com.au)
  • Due to its easy commissioning the attachable indicator A-AS-1 is suitable for a wide range of applications in the plant and machine building or process engineering industries. (ferret.com.au)
  • Precision digital pressure gauge CPG1500 - Pressure range -1. (hannovermesse.de)
  • Treatment pressures in the range 4-25 cm H 2 O are commonly encountered. (google.es)
  • Flow indicators for liquids feature a paddle-wheel that spins at a rate proportional to the flow. (coleparmer.com)
  • This, in turn, is one of the key factors that determine fishing mortality (i.e. biological disturbance on target species) and seafloor disturbance (i.e. physical damage to the seafloor), which are considered the main pressures exerted by fishing fleets. (europa.eu)
  • The link between fishing effort and actual pressure (i.e. fishing mortality and seafloor disturbance) is more straightforward but not directly correlated as one unit of effort may differ in terms of fishing-induced mortality or amount of seafloor disturbed (i.e. between fishing métiers). (europa.eu)
  • Online mapping tool from CDC with health indicators (including mortality and hospitalizations), risk factors, social and economic data, health care delivery, insurance, and health care costs data for states and counties. (mn.us)
  • Gauge pressure instruments compare a pressure relative to atmospheric measure. (yokogawa.com)
  • The pair of bellows members and housing member have apertures disposed in such a way that the gauge measures both positive and "negative" pressure, relative to atmospheric pressure, and is pre-calibrated, inexpensive, portable and disposable, thereby avoiding a need for heavy, expensive conventional manometers that must frequently be sterilized and recalibrated. (google.com)
  • Fuji Prescale film is a unique, affordable and easy to use tool that reveals the distribution and magnitude of pressure between any two contacting, mating or impacting surfaces. (sensorprod.com)
  • For example, concentrations of ozone depleting substances (ODS) in the atmosphere, tracked over time, is a good indicator with respect to the environmental issue of stratospheric ozone depletion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our interactive comparison tool helps you find out which models have a low battery indicator and also display the time and date. (choice.com.au)
  • Used to profile heat sinks, components, and PCBs, iQ-200(TM) simultaneously measures temperatures for solid materials and surrounding air in addition to tracking air velocity and air pressure at multiple points. (thomasnet.com)
  • Systolic pressure, which is the higher number and first number in a blood pressure reading, measures the force of blood in the arteries as the heart contracts to push blood through the body. (innovations-report.com)
  • Participants rated the funniness of sexist and nonsexist jokes either with or without time pressure, and completed self-report measures of sexism and related constructs. (deepdyve.com)
  • Environmental indicators are simple measures that tell us what is happening in the environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • One subset of environmental indicators is the collection of ecological indicators which can include physical, biological and chemical measures such as atmospheric temperature, the concentration of ozone in the stratosphere or the number of breeding bird pairs in an area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pressure Indicator includes data logger functionality. (thomasnet.com)
  • Many of these indicators are derived from data published by Statistics Canada, but some reflect information gathered by the Bank's regional representatives as well as by various outside sources. (bankofcanada.ca)
  • Simply position PointScan over the area you wish to analyze and the pressure data is instantly displayed in your Windows software. (sensorprod.com)
  • Table of community indicator values based on available IBIS indicator data. (utah.gov)
  • This page from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) allows users to download spreadsheets of performance data on medication adherence (including blood pressure medications) for Medicare Part D Prescription Drug contracts. (mn.us)
  • In the case of trauma or burns of both upper extremities, surgery on both upper extremities, or deformity of congenital coarctation of the aorta, for which the method can not be implemented or truly reflect the hemodynamic changes in the body, we have to monitor the lower extremity blood pressure [ 3 - 5 ]. (alliedacademies.org)
  • We give two different kinds of blood pressure monitors a whirl - arm monitors which take a reading from the upper part of the arm, and wrist monitors which attach like a watch. (choice.com.au)
  • The Beurer BM28 Upper Arm Blood Pressure Monitor is ideal for accurate blood pressure monitoring anywhere, anytime! (binglee.com.au)
  • It has been postulated that CPAP treatment effectively acts as a pneumatic splint of a patient's upper airway by providing air or breathable gas at a pressure elevated above atmospheric pressure to the entrance of the patient's airway. (google.es)
  • The proposed wording of the indicator is: 'The percentage of patients with a new diagnosis of hypertension after 1 April 2012 whose diagnosis was confirmed following ABPM. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Is clinical examination an accurate indicator of raised intra-abdominal pressure in critically injured patients? (nih.gov)
  • Patients who met guidelines for all three risk factors and those who met the blood pressure and cholesterol guidelines were least likely to be hospitalized for a heart attack or stroke. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The American Diabetes Association recommends that patients with diabetes maintain a target blood pressure reading of less than 130/80 mm Hg, an LDL cholesterol level of less than 100 mg/dl, and an A1C blood glucose level of less than 7 percent. (medicalxpress.com)
  • 42% (95% CI: 39-46%) of the diabetes patients satisfying DM12 failed at least one of the three interval based indicators. (g-i-n.net)
  • To compare Supine ankle dorsalis pedis artery and brachial artery blood pressure in patients during shock resuscitation and of different ages was compared, in order to evaluate the clinical value of ankle dorsalis pedis artery blood press monitoring. (alliedacademies.org)
  • The left dorsalis pedis artery and brachial blood pressure were monitored by multi-function monitor in all patients. (alliedacademies.org)
  • Medicaid beneficiaries have the lowest rate of adherence to blood pressure medication and Medicare patients have the highest (25.9 percentage points lower for ACE Inhibitors or ARBs and 24.5 percentage points lower for diuretics). (mn.us)
  • May I suggest incorporating a pressure trend indicator for both the main screen and the tray info, to give an idea of what is happening to the pressure, rather than just at a particular point in time? (singerscreations.com)
  • Battery operated Blood Pressure Monitor consists of low noise air pump and features memory which can holds up to 90 tests with date and time. (staples.com)
  • If one considers only mechanical trauma to the foot, other important variables besides PPP include direction of stress (normal versus shear), number of repetitions (steps), and duration of plantar pressures (sometimes estimated as the pressure time integral) ( 6 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • if it were something else coming on, like (and I know this isn't highly likely right now for me) a heart attack or something like that, would there be a noticeable change in blood pressure at that time? (healingwell.com)
  • With time pressure, participants showed greater liking for sexist jokes than without. (deepdyve.com)
  • You can cut cooking time of your favorite foods by as much as 70% retain healthy nutrients that are lost in conventional cooking and make mouth watering meals with a Mirro Pressure Cooker. (homedepot.com)
  • A pressure ulcer is a localized area of necrosis to the skin and underlying soft tissue caused by unrelieved pressure between a bony prominence and external surface over a prolonged period of time. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • While very often having elevated blood pressure will show no symptoms, it still causes damage to your arteries (atherosclerosis) and weakens your heart. (healthiack.com)
  • When the heart shrinks and pushes the blood into main arteries (aortas), blood pressure rises for a moment - this is known as systolic blood pressure (sys). (healthiack.com)
  • A beating heart creates the pressure when it pumps fresh blood to the organs and tissues of your body, providing oxygen and nutrients. (healthiack.com)
  • The EasyTouch® BPGC Bluetooth Blood Pressure Monitor is designed for in vitro diagnostic use only (external use only), and is suitable for self-testing. (alibaba.com)
  • The move comes after concerns that the cost of ambulatory blood pressure monitors was preventing practices from implementing new NICE guidance published last year. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • In the real loco shows that pressures in 'BAR' s. (trainsim.com)
  • A bulk-loaded higher viscosity grease avoids the pump-out problem but does require careful attention to heatsink pressure for optimum results, as the graph above shows. (overclockers.com)
  • As the last image shows, the pressure pattern over the IHS is fairly uniform. (overclockers.com)
  • Table 2 shows the percentage of adults who are adherent to their blood pressure medication improves with age. (mn.us)
  • Table 3 shows disparities in blood pressure medication adherence by type of insurance. (mn.us)
  • Without the need to open the sprayer, the level indicator shows when the container needs to be filled again. (gardena.com)
  • The inaugural Community Health Indicators Report compiled by Rochester RHIO shows promise in one particular area: blood pressure. (rochesterrhio.org)
  • Larger vessels generally have a larger fishing pressure than smaller vessels, namely because of the type of gear they use and their level of activity, as well as the geographical coverage that these vessels can reach. (europa.eu)
  • Gas flow indicators give a visual confirmation of flow through clear housing that is usually a type of plastic. (coleparmer.com)
  • Relationship of anthropometric indicators with blood pressure levels and the risk of hypertension in Nigerian adults. (biomedsearch.com)
  • By definition, a pressure ulcer occurs due to sustained external pressure, and therefore should occur in typical areas, such as bony prominences. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Available in variety of sizes and configurations, Ashcroft® Pressure Switches can be provided with NEMA 4 watertight and NEMA 7 explosion proof housings. (thomasnet.com)
  • Some models have an adjustable inflation level so you can program the pressure. (choice.com.au)
  • The Balcony Pump Sprayer also has a level indicator that can be easily read without opening the container. (gardena.com)
  • CPAP treatment can be in a number of forms, including (i) the maintenance of a constant treatment pressure level, (ii) alternating between two constant levels in synchronism with the inspiratory and expiratory phases of respiration ("bi-level CPAP"), and (iii) having an autosetting level in accordance with a patient's therapeutic needs. (google.es)
  • The compact designed of our BP series products ensures users monitoring their blood pressure and heart rate anywhere, from office to on the go. (alibaba.com)