Indians, North American
Water Pollutants, Chemical
A body of water covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the earth, extending amidst Africa in the west, Australia in the east, Asia in the north, and Antarctica in the south. Including the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it constitutes the third largest ocean after the ATLANTIC OCEAN and the PACIFIC OCEAN. (New Encyclopaedia Britannica Micropaedia, 15th ed, 1990, p289)
Tests to experimentally measure the tumor-producing/cancer cell-producing potency of an agent by administering the agent (e.g., benzanthracenes) and observing the quantity of tumors or the cell transformation developed over a given period of time. The carcinogenicity value is usually measured as milligrams of agent administered per tumor developed. Though this test differs from the DNA-repair and bacterial microsome MUTAGENICITY TESTS, researchers often attempt to correlate the finding of carcinogenicity values and mutagenicity values.
United States Indian Health Service
Indians, South American
Indian Ocean Islands
Numerous islands in the Indian Ocean situated east of Madagascar, north to the Arabian Sea and east to Sri Lanka. Included are COMOROS (republic), MADAGASCAR (republic), Maldives (republic), MAURITIUS (parliamentary democracy), Pemba (administered by Tanzania), REUNION (a department of France), and SEYCHELLES (republic).
A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.
Chromatography, Ion Exchange
Family of retrovirus-associated DNA sequences (ras) originally isolated from Harvey (H-ras, Ha-ras, rasH) and Kirsten (K-ras, Ki-ras, rasK) murine sarcoma viruses. Ras genes are widely conserved among animal species and sequences corresponding to both H-ras and K-ras genes have been detected in human, avian, murine, and non-vertebrate genomes. The closely related N-ras gene has been detected in human neuroblastoma and sarcoma cell lines. All genes of the family have a similar exon-intron structure and each encodes a p21 protein.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Indians, Central American
Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
European Continental Ancestry Group
Southwestern United States
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, the islands of Great Comoro, Anjouan, Mayotte, and Moheli, lying between northeast Mozambique and northwest Madagascar. The capital is Moroni. In 1914 they became a colony attached to Madagascar administratively and were made a French overseas territory in 1947. Except for Mayotte which remained French, Comoros became an independent republic in 1975. Comoros represents the Arabic qamar, moon, said by some scholars to be linked with the mystical Mountains of the Moon said to be somewhere in equatorial Africa. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p283 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p122)
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Saint-Denis. It was discovered in 1507 by the Portuguese and claimed by France in 1638. It was first colonized in 1662 as Isle de Bourbon but renamed Reunion in 1793. In 1946 it was made an overseas department of France. The name commemorates the reunion of the revolutionaries from Marseilles with the National Guard in Paris in 1792. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1011; Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p454; French Embassy)
Health Services, Indigenous
A complex body of social, cultural, and religious beliefs and practices evolved in and largely confined to the Indian subcontinent and marked by a caste system, an outlook tending to view all forms and theories as aspects of one eternal being and truth, and the practice of the way of works, the way of knowledge, or the way of devotion as a means of release from the round of rebirths. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A republic consisting of an island group in Melanesia, in the southwest Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Suva. It was discovered by Abel Tasman in 1643 and was visited by Captain Cook in 1774. It was used by escaped convicts from Australia as early as 1804. It was annexed by Great Britain in 1874 but achieved independence in 1970. The name Fiji is of uncertain origin. In its present form it may represent that of Viti, the main island in the group. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p396 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p186)
A genus, Muntiacus, of the deer family (Cervidae) comprising six species living in China, Tibet, Nepal, India, the Malay Peninsula, and neighboring island countries. They are usually found in forests and areas of dense vegetation, usually not far from water. They emit a deep barklike sound which gives them the name "barking deer." If they sense a predator they will "bark" for an hour or more. They are hunted for their meat and skins; they thrive in captivity and are found in many zoos. The Indian muntjac is believed to have the lowest chromosome number in mammals and cell lines derived from them figure widely in chromosome and DNA studies. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed., p1366)
A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.
Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
Emigration and Immigration
Continental Population Groups
United States Public Health Service
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Northwestern United States
The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Chromosomes, Human, Y
Sequence Analysis, DNA
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Polymerase Chain Reaction
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Molecular Sequence Data
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
A group of Indian Ocean Islands, east of Tanzania. Their capital is Victoria. They were first claimed by the French in 1744 but taken by the English in 1794 and made a dependency of MAURITIUS in 1810. They became a crown colony in 1903 and a republic within the Commonwealth in 1976. They were named for the French finance minister, Jean Moreau de Sechelles, but respelled by the English in 1794. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1102 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p496)
Body Mass Index
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
American Native Continental Ancestry Group
Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)
Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. A. Indian National Science Academy. 46 (6): 562-564. ISSN 0370-0046. ... Potassium bromate alone can be used for the analysis of organoarsenicals Rao, N. Venkateswara; Rao, K. Mohana (1980). "Oxazine ...
Domino's did not respond to the CSE queries Potassium bromate is a Category 2B carcinogen, meaning it can cause liver cancer. ... Jubilant FoodWorks Limited is an Indian food service company based in Noida, Uttar Pradesh which holds the master franchise for ... Domino's Pizza operates 1,325 stores in 282 Indian cities as on 31 December 2019. Domino's began accepting online orders in ... Jubilant FoodWorks operates 32 Dunkin' Donuts outlets in 10 Indian cities as of 31 December 2019. Apart from donuts, Munchkins ...
... but not the chaff Sharp flour is produced in Fiji and primarily used in Indian cuisine. Indian flours are generally categorized ... Bromate is usually used. Other choices are phosphates, ascorbic acid, and malted barley. Bromated flour has been banned in much ... "IARC--Summaries & Evaluations: Potassium Bromate (Group 2B)". International Agency for Research on Cancer. 1999. "La forza ... of the world, as bromate is classified as possibly carcinogenic in humans (Group 2B) by the International Agency for Research ...
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"Indians, and Lands reserved for Indians." Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC), formerly known as Indian ... "bromate, which is a carcinogen." "Not only, then, did the original design not work properly, but it presented potential health ... A new school was promised by the Minister of Indian and Northern Affairs in the summer of 2000, but no action was taken for ... "Reserves, Settlements, Villages", Indian and Northern Affairs Canada". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved ...
Safe Drinking Water Act
EPA has issued standards for bromate, chlorite, haloacetic acids and trihalomethanes. EPA has issued standards for antimony, ... The Public Water System Supervision Program comprises "primacy" agencies, which are either state government agencies, Indian ...
Drinking water quality standards
Acrylamide 0.10 μg/l Antimony 5.0 μg/l Arsenic 10 μg/l Benzene 1.0 μg/l Benzo(a)pyrene 0.010 μg/l Boron 1.0 mg/l Bromate 10 μg/ ... Health Canada (2006). "Indian Standard Drinking Water Specification" (PDF). Central Ground Water Board. CDC Water Quality and ...
Neemann, Jeff; Hulsey, Robert; Rexing, David; Wert, Eric (2004). "Controlling Bromate Formation During Ozonation with Chlorine ... of purification of drinking water by use of compressed liquefied chlorine gas was developed by a British officer in the Indian ... of bromate - the maximum contaminant level established by the USEPA. Ozone disinfection is also energy intensive. Ultraviolet ... has been discovered that ozone reacts with bromide ions in water to produce concentrations of the suspected carcinogen bromate ...
Atta flour is a whole-grain wheat flour important in Indian and Pakistani cuisine, used for a range of breads such as roti and ... The four most common additives used as bleaching/maturing agents in the US are: Potassium bromate, listed as an ingredient, is ... Maida flour is a finely milled wheat flour used to make a wide variety of Indian breads such as paratha and naan. Maida is ... Chickpea flour (also known as gram flour or besan) is of great importance in Indian cuisine, and in Italy, where it is used for ...
The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer ... For example, Coca-Cola took their Dasani product off the UK market after finding levels of bromate that were higher than legal ... It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986. The Minister in ...
FSSAI bans use of potassium bromate as food additive - Indiaretailing.com
The Government has banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) ... to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian ... "FSSAI has banned potassium bromate. A notification has been issued in this regard. As far as potassium iodate is concerned, it ... The Government has banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) ...
Chlorates and Perchlorates, Bromates and Perbromates, Iodates and Periodates Market in India: Business Report 2018
... bromates and perbromates, iodates and periodates market in India. The report starts ... The last chapter lists all major Indian consumers of chlorates and perchlorates, bromates and perbromates, iodates and ... 5. CHLORATES AND PERCHLORATES, BROMATES AND PERBROMATES, IODATES AND PERIODATES CONSUMERS IN INDIAN MARKET. 5.1. Downstream ... Below is the list of Chlorates and Perchlorates, Bromates and Perbromates, Iodates and Periodates Market Business Reports ...
Bromatometry - Wikipedia
India Bans Use Of Potassium Bromate As Food Additive | HuffPost India
The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in ... Photo gallery 21 Queer Indians Recall The Exact Moment They Came Out To Their Parents See Gallery ... to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian ... NEW DELHI -- The government yesterday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its ...
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology
How can the bakery sector help Indian consumers achieve their health goals?<...
Public outcry led to the government banning potassium bromate across all foods, while calls are ongoing to ban potassium iodate ... MINTEL INDIAN CONSUMER. Unique data & local expertise, unlock everything about the Indian consumer. ... According to Mintel research, almost three out of four Indians have put healthy eating as a higher priority compared to before ... While additive-free claims are now common in Indian bakery, the sector could make far more broader claims around naturalness ...
Indian Journal of Chemistry
Mn(II)-catalyzed acid bromate oxidation of 4 oxo acids, wherein both the C C bond-breaking and C O bond-making are involved. ... Indian Journal of Chemistry. Sect. A: Inorganic, Bio-inorganic, Physical, Theoretical & Analytical. CODEN: ICACEC; ISSN: 0376- ... The reaction is first order each in [bromate] and [acid], less than unity order in both [substrate] and [catalyst], and also ... The manganese(II)-catalyzed oxidation of substituted 4-oxo-4-arylbutanoic acids (4-oxo acids) by bromate, in aqueous acetic ...
CSE's study on toxins in bread: Time for govt to act? | Explained News,The Indian Express
So what is potassium bromate? It is recognised as a category 2B carcinogen since 1999 which means it is believed to be ... The CSE said 32 of the 38 samples or 84 per cent of the tested samples had potassium bromate and iodate in the range of 1.15- ... The Indian Express is now on Telegram. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest ... A day after the CSE study, ASSOCHAM stated that the the use of potassium bromate was done "with the permission and full ...
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bread good or bad for health: potassium bromate or iodate | FITABOUTS
... use of potassium bromate -classified as a category. ... finds residues of potassium bromate/iodate in commonly consumed ... Indian bread manufacturers use potassium bromate and potassium iodate for treating flour while making bread. 32 brand out of 38 ... turning bromide into bromate, use of potassium bromate as food add-on banned, weight training, what is potassium bromate, white ... bread good or bad for health: potassium bromate or iodate. bread good or bad for health: potassium bromate or iodate. Note:- ...
Kinetics and mechanisms of oxidation of d-fructose and d-lactose by permanganate ion in acidic medium
Journal of the Indian Chemical Society, 60, 747-749.  Singh, P., Singh, R., Singh, A.K. and Singh, E.B. (1985) Kinetics and ... Gupta, K.K.S., Debnath, N. and Bhattacharjee, N. (2000) Reactivities of some aldoses and aldosamines towards potassium bromate ... Journal of Indian Chemical Society, 70, 74-76.  Singh, A.K., Chopra, D., Rahmani, S. and Singh, B. (1998) Kinetics and ... Journal of Indian Chemical Society, 77, 152-156.  Hanover, L.M. and White, J.S. (1993) Manufacturing, composition, and ...
Kolkata24x7-Bread Additive Potassium Bromate Linked To Cancer Banned
The government on Monday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in ... to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian ... New Delhi: The government on Monday banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its ... "FSSAI has banned potassium bromate. A notification has been issued in this regard. As far as potassium iodate is concerned, it ...
Amla fruit powder addition influences objective color and instrumental texture of pan bread | SpringerLink
Preethi GG (2016) Use of potassium bromate in baking industry: a perspective. J Food Dairy Technol 4(3):1-7Google Scholar ... Katyal M, Singh N, Virdi AS, Kaur A, Chopra N, Ahlawat AK, Singh AM (2017) Extraordinarily soft, medium-hard and hard Indian ... Ram S, Boyko E, Giroux MJ, Gill BS (2002) Null mutation in puroindoline A is prevalent in Indian wheats: puroindoline genes are ... Singh N, Kaur A, Katyal M, Bhinder S, Ahlawat AK, Singh AM (2016) Diversity in quality traits amongst Indian wheat varieties II ...
Goitrogen | definition of goitrogen by Medical dictionary
Bromate is a goitrogen, carcinogen, and a zombifying agent.. The history of iodine in medicine Part III: thyroid fixation and ... Goitrogen content of cyanogenic plant foods of Indian origin.. Dietary supplies of iodine & thiocyanate in the aetiology of ... Medical iodophobia resulted in the removal of iodate from bread 20 years ago, replacing it with the goitrogen bromate.. The ...
Jubilant FoodWorks - Wikipedia
Dominos did not respond to the CSE queries Potassium bromate is a Category 2B carcinogen, meaning it can cause liver cancer. ... Jubilant FoodWorks Limited is an Indian food service company based in Noida, Uttar Pradesh which holds the master franchise for ... Dominos Pizza operates 1,325 stores in 282 Indian cities as on 31 December 2019. Dominos began accepting online orders in ... Jubilant FoodWorks operates 32 Dunkin Donuts outlets in 10 Indian cities as of 31 December 2019. Apart from donuts, Munchkins ...
IMSEAR at SEARO: Accidental potassium bromate poisoning in nine adults.
Accidental potassium bromate poisoning in nine adults. Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. 2012 Oct; 34(4): 364-366 ... All of them ingested potassium bromate powder considering it to be milk powder. Potassium bromate poisoning must be considered ... Potassium bromate white powder and oxidizing agent is used predominantly in bakeries as a maturing agent for flour and as a ... Accidental Potassium bromate poisoning is uncommon in adults, can have varied manifestations in different patients and can ...
Potassium Bromate [Mind Map] | IASToppers
Manirang; TRAI MyCall App; DND 2.0 App; UMANG App; What is Restricted Area Permit (RAP) regime? Indian National Trust for Art ... Potassium Bromate [Mind Map]. All about the recent controversy on the usage of potassium bromate. ... Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO); Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); Multi Option Payment Acceptance Device ... First Indian to win gold in Gymnastics World Challenge Cup; etc. ... Alternatives to Potassium bromate. *Bromate is not an additive ...
Plasmapheresis in childhood acute disseminated encephalomyelitis.
Title: Indian pediatrics Volume: 42 ISSN: 0019-6061 ISO Abbreviation: Indian Pediatr Publication Date: 2005 May ... 8066966 - Toxic mechanism of bromate poisoning in a dog: a case study.. 24533376 - Tracheo-bronchial foreign bodies: a ... Indian Pediatr. 2006 Jan;43(1):77-8 [PMID: 16465015 ] From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of ...
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Black Seed: Health Benefits, Uses, Side Effects, Dosage & Interactions
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Chemical additive Potassium bromate is carcinogenic: CSE Stu | Erewise
The initiative is aimed at achieving synergy between DRDO and Indian Institutes of Technology for channelising the research ... Why Potassium bromate is used in bread ? Potassium bromate, or simply called bromate, is an oxidiser used as chemical additive ... What are the alternatives to Potassium bromate ?. There are various other healthy alternatives for Potassium bromate such as ... India and the US continue to allow use of potassium bromate in permissible limits. India allows use of potassium bromate and/or ...
Kidney Cancer | GreenMedInfo | Disease | Natural Medicine
The Importance Of Robust Water Management The Evolving Challenge Of Safeguarding Global Waterways
Bromate can be separated using different column chemistries and detected using a variety of techniques, depending on the type ... Heavy metal and solvent contamination at factories in a major Indian drug manufacturing hub," 2018. ... Water supplies in the City of Los Angeles were recently found to contain up to 10 times the permitted level of bromate, a ... Similar concerns over the presence of elevated levels of bromate in bottled water have been raised in the past, leading to some ...
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European Food Safety Authority News Photos Videos - Rediff.com
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Use of Cancer Causing Food Additive, Potassium Bromate Banned in India - NDTV Food
The government today banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in bread ... to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian ... The government banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive. *It is listed as "hazardous" for public health in many ... The government banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a CSE study that found its presence in bread ...
FSSAI to remove potassium bromate from food additives list | FOOD SAFETY UPDATE
Food regulator FSSAI today said it has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives while it is ... to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian ... The maximum level of use of potassium bromate in flour for bakery is 20 ppm, while that of potassium bromate is 20 ppm in maida ... FSSAI to remove potassium bromate from food additives list. Posted on 24/05/2016. by GURUSAMY F.S.O. VALANGAIMAN BLOCK, ...
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Presence of potassium bromateRecommended that potassium bromateCarcinogenIndiaResidues of potassium bromatePositive for potassium bromateAscorbic acidRemove potassium bromateContain potassium bromateBreadsIodate in BreadFSSAIAdditive in foodChloratesDoughSodium2016BakeryPowderFlourCentrePermissible limitCarbonatesCarcinogenicDelhi2019AccidentalAdditivesIncreasesFoodConcentrationChemicalThyroidAcid mediumBread samplesListProductsHealthExposureAcademyFoundGeneticJournalSamples
Presence of potassium bromate7
- Bread is bad for your health when it presence of potassium bromate or iodate. (fitabouts.com)
- Presence of potassium bromate or iodate are attainable cancer-causing chemical in bread bad for health. (fitabouts.com)
- The FDA collected 29 samples of various flour products to check the presence of potassium bromate, out of which four bread samples had tested positive to the chemical. (medindia.net)
- A study by the CSE discovered the presence of potassium bromate in 38 samples of popular bread brands in New Delhi. (medindia.net)
- Veljee said that bread in Goa that had the presence of potassium bromate contained 25 parts per million, and the manufacturers had indicated or disclosed in the list of ingredients on the label that potassium bromate was added. (medindia.net)
- Even though bread is a grain food that provides many nutrients such as dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals, the study detected the presence of potassium bromate and iodate in bread, buns and ready-to-eat burger and pizza, which are harmful to health. (americanbazaaronline.com)
- The main objective of the study was to analyze the different brands of bread available in Delhi for the presence of potassium bromate/iodate. (americanbazaaronline.com)
Recommended that potassium bromate1
- Late last year, a scientific panel appointed by FSSAI had recommended that potassium bromate be withdrawn as an additive. (indianexpress.com)
- Therefore, amla fruit being rich in ascorbic acid seems a good choice an alternative natural dough improver in place of potassium bromate which has been regarded as a potential carcinogen and now banned in many countries of the world. (springer.com)
- Bromate is a goitrogen , carcinogen, and a zombifying agent. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Use of potassium bromate - classified as a category 2B carcinogen (possibly carcinogenic to humans). (fitabouts.com)
- Domino's did not respond to the CSE queries Potassium bromate is a Category 2B carcinogen, meaning it can cause liver cancer. (wikipedia.org)
- The CSE report said that potassium bromate used in pre- packaged breads is a category 2B carcinogen (possibly carcinogenic to humans) while potassium iodate could trigger thyroid disorders but India has not banned their use. (erewise.com)
- An expert committee administered by the World Health Organisation and Food and Agriculture Organization have confirmed that potassium bromate is 'genotoxic carcinogen' i.e. a chemical agent that can damage genetic information, causing mutations. (erewise.com)
- Potassium bromate is classified as a category 2B carcinogen (possibly carcinogenic to humans) by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (erewise.com)
- Potassium bromate is known to be a category 2B carcinogen and is already banned in Britain, the European Union, Australia, Canada and Sri Lanka, among others. (canindia.com)
- First, the chemical Potassium Bromate had been classified as a level 2B carcinogen in 1999 according to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). (org.in)
- This report is a comprehensive research of chlorates and perchlorates, bromates and perbromates, iodates and periodates market in India. (marketpublishers.com)
- Please note that Chlorates and Perchlorates, Bromates and Perbromates, Iodates and Periodates Market in India: Business Report 2018 is a half ready publication. (marketpublishers.com)
- While some companies like Britannia, Dominoes and KFC denied using the chemicals altogether, others including the All India Bread Manufacturers Association pointed out that the chemicals were permitted by the Indian food regulator within specific limits. (indianexpress.com)
- Jubilant FoodWorks Limited is an Indian food service company based in Noida, Uttar Pradesh which holds the master franchise for Domino's Pizza in India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, for Popeyes in India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, and also for Dunkin' Donuts in India. (wikipedia.org)
- Perhaps the greatest expectation which 2015 brought to most of Indians was that Team India, led by Captain Cool Dhoni, will succeed in retaining the Cricket World Cup. (rediff.com)
- While FSSAI announced it would ban bromates in breads, it proposes to allow the very same in drinking water In January, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) proposed that. (rediff.com)
- Following this, national food regulator FSSAI (Food Safety and Standards Authority of India) has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives and will issue notification in this regard within 6-7 days. (erewise.com)
- In India, the legal permissible limit to add Potassium bromate as chemical additive in food is 50 parts per million (ppm) while the US allows it up to 75 ppm. (erewise.com)
- India and the US continue to allow use of potassium bromate in permissible limits. (erewise.com)
- India allows use of potassium bromate and/or iodate up to 50 ppm on flour mass basis, while the US allows it up to 75 ppm. (erewise.com)
- 4. Contaminated Drinks: A very well respected environmental group in India, the Centre for Science and Environment, conducted tests on samples of Coca-Cola products in the Indian market in September 2003. (killercoke.org)
- Indians would like to have more opportunities to travel to their holy sites in China and, in turn, welcome more Chinese visits to Buddhist pilgrimage centres in India. (upsctree.com)
- Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) permits the use of potassium bromate and/or potassium iodate in bread and bakery products and the permitted level of use is 50 mg/Kg in bread. (americanbazaaronline.com)
Residues of potassium bromate2
Positive for potassium bromate4
- The CSE study had found that 84 per cent of 38 commonly available brands of pre-packaged breads, including pav and buns, tested positive for potassium bromate and potassium iodate. (indiaretailing.com)
- As per recent study conducted by Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), nearly 84 per cent of 38 commonly available brands of pre- packaged breads including pav and buns, tested positive for potassium bromate (KbrO3) and potassium iodate (KIO3), banned in many countries as they are listed as "hazardous" for public health. (erewise.com)
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that none of the remaining seven bread samples were found positive for potassium bromate, a cancer-causing chemical. (medindia.net)
- The study found that more than 80% of 38 popular brands of bread, buns and ready-to-eat burger and pizza tested positive for potassium bromate and iodate. (americanbazaaronline.com)
- Corrales X, Guerra M, Granito M, Ferris J (1993) Substitution of ascorbic acid for potassium bromate in making of French bread. (springer.com)
- There are various other healthy alternatives for Potassium bromate such as Ascorbic acid or Vitamin-C. Glucose oxidase is another option approved by FSSAI in 2015. (erewise.com)
- Bromate and ascorbic acid is added as an oxidising agent. (fnbnews.com)
Remove potassium bromate1
- After a CSE study claimed that bread contains cancer-causing chemicals, Food regulator FSSAI today said it has decided to remove potassium bromate from the list of permitted additives while it is examining evidence against potassium iodate before restricting its use. (wordpress.com)
Contain potassium bromate2
- However testing in the United Kingdom revealed that potassium bromate still remains detectable after baking, with breads containing measurable levels. (foodnetindia.in)
- Do not buy breads or baked products that use potassium bromate. (foodnetindia.in)
- The specific chemical in question - Potassium Bromate has been used as an oxidising agent for breads and other bakery items like Pao, Bun and Pizza bread. (org.in)
Iodate in Bread1
- Quoting Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Additives) Regulations, 2011, CSE said the maximum level of use of potassium bromate and/or iodate in bread is set at 50 ppm. (wordpress.com)
- FSSAI has banned potassium bromate. (indiaretailing.com)
- CSE had also urged FSSAI to ban the use of potassium bromate and potassium iodate with immediate effect and prevent their routine exposure to Indian population. (indiaretailing.com)
- According to sources, in January FSSAI had decided to remove potassiun bromate from food additives list and had even issued a draft notification. (wordpress.com)
- New Delhi, May 24 (IANS) The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) on Tuesday welcomed the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India's (FSSAI) decision to disallow the use of potassium bromate as an additive in food products. (canindia.com)
- The FSSAI had on Monday said that it was already considering to take potassium bromate off the list of permitted additives as per the recommendation of a scientific panel. (canindia.com)
- We welcome the steps initiated by FSSAI to ban potassium bromate and evaluate the use of potassium iodate. (canindia.com)
- The articles of food with standard nutrient or nutritionally complete formulation shall consist of a composition delivering the desired level of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals, and other essential nutrients required for respective age group, gender and physiological stage in accordance with the guidelines made by the Indian Council of Medical Research," reads the regulations stipulated by the FSSAI. (indianexpress.com)
- Ingredient purity is mandated to be in accordance with the FSSAI standards for those categories of food - in cases where standards are not specified, purity criteria generally accepted by the various pharmacopoeias - Indian Pharmacopoeia, Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of Indian Medicinal Plants, Indian Council of Medical Research, British Pharmacopoeia, US Pharmacopoeia etc are to be used. (indianexpress.com)
- The FSSAI on its part has done the right thing by asking for the removal of Potassium Bromate from the list of permissible chemicals. (org.in)
Additive in food1
- Potassium bromate, or simply called bromate, is an oxidiser used as chemical additive in food items in the form of white crystals or powder to strengthen dough and enhance its elasticity by making tiny bubbles that help the bread rise. (erewise.com)
- Further, the report provides in-depth analyses chlorates and perchlorates, bromates and perbromates, iodates and periodates market in the country. (marketpublishers.com)
- The third chapter is fully devoted to India's chlorates and perchlorates, bromates and perbromates, iodates and periodates market foreign trade. (marketpublishers.com)
- The last chapter lists all major Indian consumers of chlorates and perchlorates, bromates and perbromates, iodates and periodates, as well as provides downstream markets characteristics. (marketpublishers.com)
- Below is the list of Chlorates and Perchlorates, Bromates and Perbromates, Iodates and Periodates Market Business Reports available for other countries. (marketpublishers.com)
- According to CSE, potassium bromate typically increases dough strength, leads to higher rising and uniform finish to baked products while potassium iodate is a flour treatment agent. (indiaretailing.com)
- The results indicate that metallic element bromate/iodate is getting use in bread creating which may be avoid by victimization the alternate dough conditioners. (fitabouts.com)
- Potassium bromate white powder and oxidizing agent is used predominantly in bakeries as a maturing agent for flour and as a dough conditioner. (who.int)
- Potassium bromate is used to strengthen dough, improve the shelf life of bread The recent study by the Delhi-based Centre for Science & Environment on white bread, bun, pav and pizza bread in New. (rediff.com)
- Potassium bromate bleaches dough, and is added to flour to strengthen the dough, allowing it to rise higher and so the end product is fluffy, soft and unnaturally white. (foodnetindia.in)
- Potassium bromate (KBrO3) is a food additive that can help bread dough hold together, the agent is a proven 2B type carcinogenic that can cause renal cell tumors, mesotheliomas of the peritoneum, and follicular cell tumors of the thyroid. (americanbazaaronline.com)
- Sodium bromate is a strong oxidant used as a neutralizing solution in hair permanents, as well as an auxiliary agent in printing and dyeing. (bvsalud.org)
- In 2016, Centre for Science and Environment(CSE) reported that their pizza bread were laced with toxins and carcinogens such as potassium bromate and potassium iodate. (wikipedia.org)
- While additive-free claims are now common in Indian bakery, the sector could make far more broader claims around naturalness and functionality. (mintel.com)
- Moreover, a rise in lifestyle diseases, such as diabetes, and growing environmental hazards have made Indian consumers far more aware of seeking out healthy foods, and bakery is well placed to respond. (mintel.com)
- A greater awareness around health has also led to increased guilt among Indian consumers around impulse purchases, such as bakery. (mintel.com)
- This paper deals with nine cases of accidental potassium bromate poisoning working in a bakery. (who.int)
- Potassium bromate poisoning must be considered as a possibility in every case presenting as acute gastroenteritis like symptoms after intake of bakery products. (who.int)
- However the US officially urges bakers not to use potassium bromate as in California, food containing potassium is required to have a warning label and even many bread and bakery manufacturers have voluntarily stopped using it in US. (erewise.com)
- The maximum level of use of potassium bromate in flour for bakery is 20 ppm, while that of potassium bromate is 20 ppm in maida (refined wheat flour), if used for bakery. (wordpress.com)
- The flour milling and bakery industry continued to look at the Indian standards to continue its usage even though options were available to the industry for achieving the desired functional requirements. (org.in)
- Centre for Science and Environment recommends banning of potassium bromate in bread and bakery products, like in many other countries. (americanbazaaronline.com)
- All of them ingested potassium bromate powder considering it to be milk powder. (who.int)
- The study says bread makers use potassium(K) bromate and potassium iodate for treating flour whereas creating bread. (fitabouts.com)
- Indian bread manufacturers use potassium bromate and potassium iodate for treating flour while making bread. (fitabouts.com)
- CSE had on Monday released a report which said that Indian bread manufacturers use potassium bromate and potassium iodate for treating flour while making bread. (canindia.com)
- Potassium bromate is used by commercial bread manufacturers as a flour treatment agent to give a blooming effect. (medindia.net)
- Potassium bromate (E924 or IN924) is an oxidizing agent that chemically ages flour much faster than open air. (foodnetindia.in)
- The Government has banned use of potassium bromate as a food additive following a Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) study that found its presence in bread as causing cancer. (indiaretailing.com)
- The study by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), which has identified two chemicals with potential health hazards - potassium bromate and iodate - in packaged bread samples from prominent companies, set off shock waves among consumers and the industry. (indianexpress.com)
- A report by the New Delhi-based Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) said that the use of potassium bromate as a food additive can cause cancer. (medindia.net)
- The permissible limit for potassium bromate is 50 parts per million as stipulated under Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 and the Rules/Regulation. (medindia.net)
- At present, there is no ban or prohibition on addition of potassium bromate in bread if it is within the permissible limit. (medindia.net)
- Contains appropriate amounts of carbonates and bromates which stabilize the aquariums alkalinity and pH. (gaialandschapsontwerp.nl)
- The industry claims potassium bromate is fully converted into potassium bromide, a similar yet non-carcinogenic chemical, during baking. (foodnetindia.in)
- NEW DELHI, Sept 8 (KUNA) -- Security personnel in Indian Capital New Delhi went into a tizzy when an anonymous caller told the police that bombs were placed at four key installations in the city, including a hospital and a government building. (freethesaurus.com)
- Bhide R (2019) Substitute to potassium bromate and their cost implications. (springer.com)
- Domino's Pizza operates 1,325 stores in 282 Indian cities as on 31 December 2019. (wikipedia.org)
- Jubilant FoodWorks operates 32 Dunkin' Donuts outlets in 10 Indian cities as of 31 December 2019. (wikipedia.org)
- IMSEAR at SEARO: Accidental potassium bromate poisoning in nine adults. (who.int)
- Accidental Potassium bromate poisoning is uncommon in adults, can have varied manifestations in different patients and can sometimes be deceiving. (who.int)
- Accidental or deliberate ingestion of bromate solution has rarely been reported in Korea. (bvsalud.org)
- Research also confirmed and expanded these findings, concluding that ingesting potassium bromate resulted in significant increases in cancer of the animals' kidneys, thyroid and other organs. (foodnetindia.in)
- CODEX Alimentarius, an international body which sets safety standards for food commodities, formally withdrew specifications of potassium bromate in 2012. (indianexpress.com)
- At the heart of FITABOUTS's platform is that the World's 1st & largest Indian Calorie huntsman, that permits users to trace their food, exercise, and weight, simply via their smartphone or computer whereas unendingly analyzing the user's information and supply powerful insights that make sure that users keep among their calorie/nutrition budgets. (fitabouts.com)
- Paneer is a fresh cheese dairy product in use as tasty food in the Indian subcontinent. (healthwatch.today)
- Food additive Potassium Bromate is generally used as oxidizing agent. (healthwatch.today)
- Cheapest generic cialis indian - Limit the amount of light is absorbed, which indicates the molar mass of 13 had abnormal thyroid histology consisting of arthralgia, myalgia, hemarthrosis, and muscular paralysis. (netusa.org)
- In tests on lab animals, exposure to potassium bromate increased the incidence of both benign and malignant tumors in the thyroid and peritoneum which is the membrane that lines the abdominal cavity. (foodnetindia.in)
- Gupta, K.K.S., Debnath, N. and Bhattacharjee, N. (2000) Reactivities of some aldoses and aldosamines towards potassium bromate in hydrochloric acid medium. (scirp.org)
- A rise in lifestyle diseases and growing environmental hazards have prompted Indian consumers to push health up the priority list and has been accelerated to do the spread of COVID-19. (mintel.com)
- The initiative is aimed at achieving synergy between DRDO and Indian Institutes of Technology for channelising the research efforts towards developing products and related critical aerospace technologies. (erewise.com)
- N. alba was widely used in Indian folk medicinal products as an antiseptic, an astringent, radical scavenger, in burning and in insomnia while rhizomes are applied externally as a rubefacient [ 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- The mechanism proposed consists of a rate determining formation of bromate ester due to the nucleophilic attack by the alcoholic / hydroxyl group at the bromine atom of HOBrO 2 / H 2 O 2 2Br + O, followed by a fast disproportionation of the ester through C-C bond cleavage to form products. (niscair.res.in)
- The envisaged mechanism assumes a ternary complex formation involving a binary complex of LA and V(IV) and protonated bromate, which subsequently decomposes to the intermediate/products. (niscair.res.in)
- We are authorized wholesale dealers and distributors for several reputed Indian Manufacturing A, whose products are globally well accepted. (tradeboss.com)
- Ozone produces less THM disinfection by-products than result from chlorine disinfection (but bromate may be formed). (dcnepal.com)
- Scientists have observed such damage in human liver and intestine cells, where exposure to potassium bromate resulted in breaks in DNA strands and chromosomal damage. (foodnetindia.in)
- Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy. (wikipedia.org)
- A. Indian National Science Academy. (wikipedia.org)
- Journal of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine. (who.int)
- Pabbi, S. D. (1969) Cosmic ray nuclei of charge Z ≥ 3 during the period of low solar activity Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section A, 70 (5). (ias.ac.in)
- Mythili, M. A. (1969) The percentage evaluation of 'drumsticks' in the lenkocytes of peripheral blood in clinically normal males at different age groups 0-60 years Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B, 69 (1). (ias.ac.in)
- Few choose samples were tested by a third-party workplace to substantiate the presence of bromate and 2 samples were found to contain bromate. (fitabouts.com)
- Potassium bromate has the potential to disrupt the genetic material within cells. (foodnetindia.in)
- Analytical Chemistry: An Indian Journal, 3 (2-3, C). pp. 94-98. (uni-mysore.ac.in)
- Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 67 (1, Cop). (uni-mysore.ac.in)
- Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 35 (9). (uni-mysore.ac.in)
- Indian journal of chemistry, 43 (9). (uni-mysore.ac.in)
- Sinha, S. K. (1969) Reversal of inhibitory effects of gamma-rays on the seedling growth of wheat by the application of IAA, tryptophane and zinc Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 7 (2). (ias.ac.in)
- The CSE said 32 of the 38 samples or 84 per cent of the tested samples had potassium bromate and iodate in the range of 1.15-22.54 parts per million. (indianexpress.com)