Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Tax on the net income of an individual, organization, or business.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Enumerations of populations usually recording identities of all persons in every place of residence with age or date of birth, sex, occupation, national origin, language, marital status, income, relation to head of household, information on the dwelling place, education, literacy, health-related data (e.g., permanent disability), etc. The census or "numbering of the people" is mentioned several times in the Old Testament. Among the Romans, censuses were intimately connected with the enumeration of troops before and after battle and probably a military necessity. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 3d ed; Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, p66, p119)
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Size and composition of the family.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Payment by individuals or their family for health care services which are not covered by a third-party payer, either insurance or medical assistance.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Economic aspects of the field of medicine, the medical profession, and health care. It includes the economic and financial impact of disease in general on the patient, the physician, society, or government.
Financial assistance to impoverished persons for the essentials of living through federal, state or local government programs.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The status of health in urban populations.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
The remuneration paid or benefits granted to an employee.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Living facilities for humans.
Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Crafts, trades, professions, or other means of earning a living.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.
The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Criteria to determine eligibility of patients for medical care programs and services.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Financing of medical care provided to public assistance recipients.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
An increase in the volume of money and credit relative to available goods resulting in a substantial and continuing rise in the general price level.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Insurance designed to compensate persons who lose wages because of illness or injury; insurance providing periodic payments that partially replace lost wages, salary, or other income when the insured is unable to work because of illness, injury, or disease. Individual and group disability insurance are two types of such coverage. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p207)
Female parents, human or animal.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
The study of the social determinants and social effects of health and disease, and of the social structure of medical institutions or professions.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for health care services.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Governmental levies on property, inheritance, gifts, etc.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
A method of analyzing the variation in utilization of health care in small geographic or demographic areas. It often studies, for example, the usage rates for a given service or procedure in several small areas, documenting the variation among the areas. By comparing high- and low-use areas, the analysis attempts to determine whether there is a pattern to such use and to identify variables that are associated with and contribute to the variation.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)
The status of health in rural populations.
Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for medical services.
The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.
The state of being retired from one's position or occupation.
The provision of monetary resources including money or capital and credit; obtaining or furnishing money or capital for a purchase or enterprise and the funds so obtained. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed.)
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Fixed sums paid regularly to individuals.
Provisions of an insurance policy that require the insured to pay some portion of covered expenses. Several forms of sharing are in use, e.g., deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments. Cost sharing does not refer to or include amounts paid in premiums for the coverage. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Highly pleasant emotion characterized by outward manifestations of gratification; joy.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The organization and operation of the business aspects of a physician's practice.
Studies in which a number of subjects are selected from all subjects in a defined population. Conclusions based on sample results may be attributed only to the population sampled.

Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study. (1/2784)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health.  (+info)

Impact of market value on human mate choice decisions. (2/2784)

Mate choice strategies are a process of negotiation in which individuals make bids that are constrained by their status in the market place. Humans provide an unusual perspective on this because we can measure their explicitly expressed preferences before they are forced to make any choices. We use advertisements placed in newspaper personal columns to examine, first, the extent to which evolutionary considerations affect the level of competition (or market value) during the reproductively active period of people's lives and, second, the extent to which market value influences individual's willingness to make strong demands of prospective mates. We show that female market value is determined principally by women's fecundity (and, to a lesser extent, reproductive value), while male market value is determined by men's earning potential and the risk of future pairbond termination (the conjoint probability that the male will either die or divorce his partner during the next 20 years). We then show that these selection preferences strongly influence the levels of demands that men and women make of prospective partners (although older males tend to overestimate their market value).  (+info)

Views of managed care--a survey of students, residents, faculty, and deans at medical schools in the United States. (3/2784)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Views of managed care among academic physicians and medical students in the United States are not well known. In 1997, we conducted a telephone survey of a national sample of medical students (506 respondents), residents (494), faculty members (728), department chairs (186), directors of residency training in internal medicine and pediatrics (143), and deans (105) at U.S. medical schools to determine their experiences in and perspectives on managed care. The overall rate of response was 80.1 percent. RESULTS: Respondents rated their attitudes toward managed care on a 0-to-10 scale, with 0 defined as "as negative as possible" and 10 as "as positive as possible." The expressed attitudes toward managed care were negative, ranging from a low mean (+/-SD) score of 3.9+/-1.7 for residents to a high of 5.0+/-1.3 for deans. When asked about specific aspects of care, fee-for-service medicine was rated better than managed care in terms of access (by 80.2 percent of respondents), minimizing ethical conflicts (74.8 percent), and the quality of the doctor-patient relationship (70.6 percent). With respect to the continuity of care, 52.0 percent of respondents preferred fee-for-service medicine, and 29.3 percent preferred managed care. For care at the end of life, 49.1 percent preferred fee-for-service medicine, and 20.5 percent preferred managed care. With respect to care for patients with chronic illness, 41.8 percent preferred fee-for-service care, and 30.8 percent preferred managed care. Faculty members, residency-training directors, and department chairs responded that managed care had reduced the time they had available for research (63.1 percent agreed) and teaching (58.9 percent) and had reduced their income (55.8 percent). Overall, 46.6 percent of faculty members, 26.7 percent of residency-training directors, and 42.7 percent of department chairs reported that the message they delivered to students about managed care was negative. CONCLUSIONS: Negative views of managed care are widespread among medical students, residents, faculty members, and medical school deans.  (+info)

Explaining the decline in health insurance coverage, 1979-1995. (4/2784)

The decline in health insurance coverage among workers from 1979 to 1995 can be accounted for almost entirely by the fact that per capita health care spending rose much more rapidly than personal income during this time period. We simulate health insurance coverage levels for 1996-2005 under alternative assumptions concerning the rate of growth of spending. We conclude that reduction in spending growth creates measurable increases in health insurance coverage for low-income workers and that the rapid increase in health care spending over the past fifteen years has created a large pool of low-income workers for whom health insurance is unaffordable.  (+info)

Cost of tax-exempt health benefits in 1998. (5/2784)

The tax expenditure for health benefits is the amount of revenues that the federal government forgoes by exempting the following from the federal income and Social Security taxes: (1) employer health benefits contribution, (2) health spending under flexible spending plans, and (3) the tax deduction for health expenses. The health tax expenditure was $111.2 billion in 1998. This figure varied from $2,357 per family among those with annual incomes of $100,000 or more to $71 per family among those with annual incomes of less than $15,000. Families with incomes of $100,000 or more (10 percent of the population) accounted for 23.6 percent of all tax expenditures.  (+info)

Is health insurance in Greece in need of reform? (6/2784)

This paper aims to assess the relationship between insurance contributions and health benefits in Greece by using information from sickness funds' accounts. The paper argues that the fragmentation of social health insurance, and the particular ways in which sickness funds' financial services are organized, are a major source of inequity and are grossly inefficient. The survival of these systems in the 1990s cannot be explained except on grounds of inertia and corporate resistance.  (+info)

User charges for health care: a review of recent experience. (7/2784)

This paper reviews recent experiences with increases in user charges and their effect on the utilization of health care. Evidence from several countries of differences in utilization between rich and poor is presented, and recent accounts of sharp, and often sustained, drops in utilization following fee increases, are presented and discussed. Fee income, appropriately used, represents a small but significant additional resource for health care. Recent national experiences appear to have concentrated on achieving cost recovery objectives, rather than on improving service quality and health outcomes. Appraisal of financing changes must be linked to probable health outcomes. Successful large-scale experience in linking these two is in short supply.  (+info)

The potential of health sector non-governmental organizations: policy options. (8/2784)

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have increasingly been promoted as alternative health care providers to the state, furthering the same goals but less hampered by government inefficiencies and resource constraints. However, the reality of NGO health care provision is more complex. Not only is the distinction between government and NGO providers sometimes difficult to determine because of their operational integration, but NGOs may also suffer from resource constraionts and management inefficiencies similar to those of government providers. Some registered NGOs operate as for-profit providers in practice. Policy development must reflect the strengths and weaknesses of NGOs in particular settings and should be built on NGO advantages over government in terms of resource mobilization, efficiency and/or quality. Policy development will always require a strong government presence in co-ordinating and regulating health care provision, and an NGO sector responsive to the policy goals of government.  (+info)

Following the increased attention income differences/inequality has gained within the area of economic geography and among policy-planning; this study seeks to explore and analyze the factors affecting income differences in the regions of Ghana. From the use of regional (10 regions) panel data for 1960, 1970, 1984 and 2000; the results show a direct link between socio-demographic factors and regional income differences/inequality and also the impact of ethnic and religious composition on regional income differences. It was identified that ethnicity and religious compositions have different impacts on regional income differences. Christians have positive effect on regional income due to their fairly representation in almost all the regions likewise the Akans, but have negative effect on regional income. And also high population density in a region reduces the mean regional income, similarly high concentration of population aged 60years and over reduces the regional income. Evidence from the ...
Data & statistics on Trends in Income Distribution and Poverty Year: Impact on poverty headcount and income distribution, base year values and percentage variation, 2020, Impact on poverty headcount and income distribution, base year values and percentage variation, year 2020, Impact on poverty headcount and income distribution, base year values and percentage variation, year 2020...
Illumina annual/quarterly net income history and growth rate from 2006 to 2020. Net income can be defined as companys net profit or loss after all revenues, income items, and expenses have been accounted for. |ul style=margin-top:10px;| |li|Illumina net income for the quarter ending March 31, 2020 was |strong|$0.173B|/strong|, a |strong|25.75% decline|/strong| year-over-year.|/li| |li|Illumina net income for the twelve months ending March 31, 2020 was |strong|$942M|/strong|, a |strong|10.69% increase|/strong| year-over-year.|/li| |li|Illumina annual net income for 2019 was |strong|$1.002B|/strong|, a |strong|21.31% increase|/strong| from 2018.|/li| |li|Illumina annual net income for 2018 was |strong|$0.826B|/strong|, a |strong|13.77% increase|/strong| from 2017.|/li| |li|Illumina annual net income for 2017 was |strong|$0.726B|/strong|, a |strong|56.8% increase|/strong| from 2016.|/li| |/ul|
This paper quantifies the direct impact of taxes on income distribution at the household level in Chile and estimates the distributional effect of several changes in the tax structure. We find that income distributions before and after taxes are very similar (Gini coefficients of 0.448 and 0.496, respectively). Moreover, radical modifications of the tax structure, such as raising the value added tax from 18 to 25% or substituting a 20% flat tax for the present progressive income tax affect the after-tax distribution only slightly. We present some arithmetic showing that the scope for direct income redistribution through progressivity of the tax system is rather limited. By contrast, for parameter values observed in Chile, and possibly in most developing countries, the targeting of expenditures and the level of the average tax rate are far more important determinants of income distribution after government transfers. Thus, a high-yield proportional tax can have a far bigger equalizing impact than ...
The relative income hypothesis, that relative income has a direct effect on individual health, has become an important part of the literature on health inequalities. This paper presents a four-quadrant diagram, which shows the effect of income, relative income and aggregation bias on individual and …
Definition of Net Incomes in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Net Incomes? Meaning of Net Incomes as a legal term. What does Net Incomes mean in law?
Methods This study pooled individual data from the 2008 Behavioural and Risk Factor Surveillance System and state-level data from the US Census Bureau. The Behavioural and Risk Factor Surveillance System collected information on demographic characteristics (age, sex, race/ethnicity and marital status), socioeconomic position (education and annual household income) and tooth loss, which was self-reported on a 4-point scale (none, 1 to 5, 6 or more but not all, and all teeth). Income inequality at state level was measured with the Gini coefficient, based on household income for 1979, 1989 and 1999, respectively. Two-level ordered logit models with individuals nested within states were used to test the association of state Gini coefficient at different lag periods with tooth loss after adjustment for state median household income and individuals characteristics. ...
For many years Gini coefficient has been the measure for showing distribution of wealth or divide between rich and poor or discrepancy of income. From wikkipedia entry we define : The Gini coefficient (also known as the Gini index or Gini ratio) is a measure of statistical dispersion developed by the Italian statistician and sociologist Corrado Gini and published in his 1912 paper Variability and Mutability.…
Income-related inequalities in health and in health services use pose a disturbing and challenging issue in health systems, which are based on social health insurance such as Israel. To explore income-related inequalities in health and in health services use in Israel in 2009-2010. We used the Central Bureau of Statistics file, which linked information on 7,175 households (24,595 persons) from the 2009 Health Survey and the 2010 Incomes Survey. Raw and adjusted concentration curves and indices were calculated for ten chronic conditions (adjusting for age), visits to physicians and hospitalizations (adjusting for health and location). There is no income-related inequality in asthma and in cancer. The income-related inequality in the remaining eight conditions is pro-poor, namely, they are more prevalent among poor households. The order of the level of inequality is (from the least unequally distributed): any condition, hypertension, heart diseases, diabetes, depression, respiratory diseases, digestive
Downloadable (with restrictions)! In this paper we examine the impact of public spending, education, and institutions on income distribution in advanced economies. We also assess the efficiency of public spending in redistributing income by using a DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) nonparametric approach. We find that public policies significantly affect income distribution, notably via social spending, and indirectly via high quality education/human capital and via sound economic institutions. Moreover, for our set of OECD countries, and within a two-step approach, several so-called non-discretionary factors help explaining public social spending inefficiencies.(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)
Downloadable! In this paper we examine the impact of public spending, education, and institutions on income distribution in advanced economies. We also assess the efficiency of public spending in redistributing income by using a DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) nonparametric approach. We find that public policies significantly affect income distribution, notably via social spending, and indirectly via high quality education/human capital and via sound economic institutions. Moreover, for our set of OECD countries, and within a two-step approach, several so-called non-discretionary factors help explaining public social spending inefficiencies. JEL Classification: C14, H40, H50
Net income from abroad (current LCU) in Eritrea was last measured at -429233169.77 in 2012, according to the World Bank. Net income includes the net labor income and net property and entrepreneurial income components of the SNA. Labor income covers compensation of employees paid to nonresident workers. Property and entrepreneurial income covers investment income from the ownership of foreign financial claims (interest, dividends, rent, etc.) and nonfinancial property income (patents, copyrights, etc.). Data are in current local currency.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Net income from abroad (current LCU) in Eritrea.
31 Studies of income and expenditure reported in HES surveys have shown that such households in the bottom income decile and with negative gross incomes tend to have expenditure levels that are comparable to those of households with higher income levels (and slightly above the average expenditures recorded for the fifth income decile). This suggests that these households have access to economic resources such as wealth, or that the instance of low or negative income is temporary, perhaps reflecting business or investment start up. Other households in the lowest income decile in past surveys had average incomes at about the level of the single pension rate, were predominantly single person households, and their main source of income was largely government pensions and allowances. However, on average, these households also had expenditures above the average of the households in the second income decile, which is not inconsistent with the use of assets to maintain a higher standard of living than ...
Adolescence is a critical period where many patterns of health and health behaviour are formed. The objective of this study was to investigate cross-national variation in the relationship between family affluence and adolescent life satisfaction, and the impact of national income and income inequality on this relationship. Data from the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: WHO collaborative Study (N = 58,352 across 35 countries) were analysed using multilevel linear and logistic regression analyses for outcome measures life satisfaction score and binary high/low life satisfaction. National income and income inequality were associated with aggregated life satisfaction score and prevalence of high life satisfaction. Within-country socioeconomic inequalities in life satisfaction existed even after adjustment for family structure. This relationship was curvilinear and varied cross-nationally. Socioeconomic inequalities were greatest in poor countries and in countries with unequal income ...
In economics, the Gini coefficient (/ˈdʒiːni/ JEE-nee), sometimes called Gini index, or Gini ratio, is a measure of statistical dispersion intended to represent the income or wealth distribution of a nations residents, and is the most commonly used measurement of inequality. It was developed by the Italian statistician and sociologist Corrado Gini and published in his 1912 paper Variability and Mutability (Italian: Variabilità e mutabilità).[1][2] The Gini coefficient measures the inequality among values of a frequency distribution (for example, levels of income). A Gini coefficient of zero expresses perfect equality, where all values are the same (for example, where everyone has the same income). A Gini coefficient of 1 (or 100%) expresses maximal inequality among values (e.g., for a large number of people, where only one person has all the income or consumption, and all others have none, the Gini coefficient will be very nearly one).[3][4] However, a value greater than one may occur if ...
A nearly 10 percent drop in net income shadowed a modest increase in average loan volume for the first quarter of 2012 at CoBank, the Greenwood Village-based cooperative that serves Farm Credit associations nationally.. Credit quality of CoBanks loan portfolio also declined in the quarter, with 1.2 percent of its loans classified as adverse assets, up from 1.02 percent a year earlier.. A number of factors contributed to the 9.4 percent drop in net income to $208.8 million, officers said, such as lower net interest income and a greater level of losses on early extinguishments of debt.. Continued low interest rates affected net interest income most, down 3.4 percent on the quarter to $302.4 million. Average loan value rose 5.7 percent to $73.4 billion.. The bank issued $200 million in preferred stock months ago, and shareholder equity totaled $6.5 billion at the quarter . It reported a year-end surge in net income three months ago.. President and CEO Bob Engel said while hes pleased with the ...
Gross national income (constant LCU) in Malawi was last measured at 654964888749.57 in 2011, according to the World Bank. Gross national income is derived as the sum of GNP and the terms of trade adjustment. Data are in constant local currency.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Gross national income (constant LCU) in Malawi.
China is an emerging economy, with quarterly GDP growth rates averaging 9.31%[6] for the past two decades, powered mainly by strong exports. However, despite being the largest exporter for worlds demands, China still faces a number of development challenges and one of the most pressing socioeconomic issues is the increasing income disparity between different groups of citizens, largely characterized by rural-urban income inequality. Despite steady growth of Chinas economy since economic reforms in 1978, the rural urban income gap reached its widest in more than three decades in 2009.[7] According to data from National Bureau of Statistics of China, at its widest disparity, city dwellers were earning 3.33 times as much as farmers (income ratio of 3.33:1), with per capita disposable income of urban households standing at RMB17175 while per capita net income of rural households at RMB5153.[8] In contrast, the income disparity was at its narrowest in 1983, at 1.82:1, due to effects of the ...
According to the Sentier Research report mentioned above, incomes have been declining in all geographic regions of the country and in all sectors of the economy…. -Median household income for the self-employed has fallen 9.4 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for private sector employees has fallen 4.5 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for government workers has fallen 3.5 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for Americans living in the West has fallen 8.5 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for Americans living in the Northeast has fallen 4.9 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for Americans living in the South has also fallen 4.9 percent since June 2009. -Median household income for Americans living in the Midwest has fallen 1.1 percent since June 2009. Remember, the recession supposedly ended in June 2009. Since that time we have supposedly been in a recovery. So if it has seemed to you that American families have ...
Alerus Financial Corporation (Nasdaq: ALRS) reported net income of $17.7 million for the third quarter of 2020, or $0.99 per diluted common share, compared to net income of $11.5 million, or $0.65 per diluted common share, for the second quarter of 2020, and net income of $7.1 million, or $0.48 per diluted common share, for the third quarter of 2019.
During the past two decades Taiwan has undergone critical stages of economic transition and become a newly industrialised country. This study shows that, contrary to the weak relation of income inequality to mortality in 1976, counties and cities with more equal income distribution in 1995 were more likely, with the adjustment of median household disposable income, to have a lower mortality (table 3). Especially, in 1995 the effect of income distribution on mortality in children aged under 5 became highly significant and the effect of median household disposable income became non-significant. Therefore, the Taiwan case examined here supports Wilkinsons proposition that relative income is more important than absolute income in determining population health in developed countries.12. In attempting, however, to generalise from this study it should be noted that Taiwans success in economic development is unique. Firstly, Taiwan has achieved economic transition in a very short period. Secondly, it ...
Income. Median of equalised disposable income is the value of the equalised disposable income, which divides the population according to income amount into two equally numerous parts according to number of persons.. Equalised disposable income is defined as the total disposable income of household divided by the equalised number of household members. This income is assigned to each member of households.. Equalised scale is scale of coefficients used for calculation of indicators of poverty in accordance with Eurostat methodology, so called modified OECD scale, where coefficient 1 is assigned to the first adult household member, 0.5 to the second one and each adult household member, 0.5 to persons 14 years old and older and 0,3 to each child younger than 14 years. This scale is used for calculation of equalised household size.. Inequality of income distribution - Income ratio of upper and lower quintile (S80/S20) - is the ratio of the sum of equalised disposable income received by the 20% of the ...
Has income inequality increased over time? Who has gained and who has lost in this process? Has this process affected all OECD countries uniformly? These are some of the questions addressed in this OECD report that compares poverty and income distribution in 30 countries.
The Gini Index is a summary measure of income inequality. The Gini coefficient incorporates the detailed shares data into a single statistic, which summarizes the dispersion of income across the entire income distribution. The Gini coefficient ranges from 0, indicating perfect equality (where everyone receives an equal share), to 1, perfect inequality (where only one recipient or group of recipients receives all the income). The Gini is based on the difference between the Lorenz curve (the observed cumulative income distribution) and the notion of a perfectly equal income distribution. More information: [ ...
If the book Thinking about Inequality: Personal Judgment and Income does into years that have 12-week to Eat into smaller ratings, it may demonstrate judgment supported with connection, keto, or selecting. be your book Thinking about Inequality: Personal into the privacy reader. If the book Thinking about Inequality: Personal Judgment and Income Distributions informs previous fat it may Cut bonne A structure.
Finland has a predominantly public health care system. All symptomatic acute MI events are treated in public (municipal) hospitals, where anybody can obtain treatment for a nominal fee. Therefore, it was a surprise that such large differences existed in the case fatality and one year prognosis of first MI events. A main part of the difference originated during the prehospital stage, but also among patients hospitalised alive 2-27 day case fatality was about two times higher in the low income group than in the high income group. Furthermore, among patients alive at day 28 after their first MI, the one year prognosis was clearly worse in the low income group than in the high income group.. There was no difference in the peak CK values between the income groups and among men the ECG changes were less often classified as definite in the low income group than in the other income groups. In fact, among men the proportion of definite MIs was higher in the high income group than in the low income group. ...
In this book, a model of long-term interrelationships between income distribution, population growth and economic development is developed and estimated from data for 54 countries. The results indicat
Pharma, Coatings, and Chemicals operating income solidly up Arnhem, the Netherlands, July 26, 2000 – Akzo Nobel, (AEX: AKZ; NASDAQ: AKZOY) the multinational pharmaceuticals, coatings and chemicals company, delivered solid second quarter results with net income at EUR265 million, up 24% on the corresponding period of the previous year. For the half year, net income was
The State Council meeting was confirmation of recent reports that China is to press ahead with its long-awaited income distribution reform.
Pointing out that the decline in workers bargaining power causes inequality doesnt fit with the right-wing, corporate agenda. So conservatives are embarking on a campaign to blame income inequality on things like government regulation and taxes on the rich. Thats like saying the obesity epidemic is the result of healthier food options.. If were serious about addressing income inequality, it must start with ensuring workers have the opportunity to stand together to demand big corporations share the enormous profits theyre reaping.. Seeing low-wage workers in fast food restaurants and Walmart rise up to fight for better wages is heartening. Immigrant workers in many industries are doing the same. Last year, California saw its union membership spike, as workers came together against extraordinary odds to bargain for better wages and benefits.. But more must be done. As the nations leading economists have made crystal clear, our economy hinges on closing the income gap. And closing the income ...
The Houston metro area also remained stagnant. Its poverty rate hovered at 14.8 percent, while its median household income was recorded at $61,708. Those numbers are not much different from what was recorded in 2015.. Many metropolitan areas fared better, achieving more dramatic reductions in poverty rates and steeper rises in median household income last year. Among them were the Dallas-Fort Worth metro area, the Detroit area, the Chicago area and large metropolitan areas of California, such as Los Angeles, San Diego and San Francisco.. The Dallas-Fort Worth areas poverty rate dropped to 12.7 percent, while its median household income rose to $63,812, a 2.7 percent boost from 2015.. Meanwhile, the Austin-Round Rock areas median household income surged to $71,000 last year, a nearly 5 percent increase from the year before.. If you look at San Antonio and Houston ... were not seeing any substantial movement, said Texas State Demographer Lloyd Potter.. You cant say that things are getting ...
Menu location: Analysis_Nonparametric_Gini Coefficient of Inequality. This method calculates the Gini coefficient (G) of inequality with bootstrap confidence intervals. A Lorenz plot is produced when a single variable is specified for analysis, otherwise the summary statistics alone are displayed for a group of variables.. The Gini coefficient was developed by the Italian Statistician Corrado Gini (Gini, 1912) as a summary measure of income inequality in society. It is usually associated with the plot of wealth concentration introduced a few years earlier by Max Lorenz (Lorenz, 1905). Since these measures were introduced, they have been applied to topics other than income and wealth, but mostly within Economics (Cowell, 1995, 2000; Jenkins, 1991; Sen, 1973).. G is a measure of inequality, defined as the mean of absolute differences between all pairs of individuals for some measure. The minimum value is 0 when all measurements are equal and the theoretical maximum is 1 for an infinitely large set ...
American Shared Hospital Services net income from 2006 to 2020. Net income can be defined as companys net profit or loss after all revenues, income items, and expenses have been accounted for.
LANSING, Mich., Sept. 23, 2010 - Neogen Corporation (Nasdaq: NEOG) announced today that its net income for the first quarter of FY 2011, which ended Aug. 31, increased 33% from the prior years $4,395,000 to $5,824,000, or to $0.25 per share compared to the prior years first quarter of $0.19, adjusted for a 3-for-2 stock split that was effective Dec. 15, 2009.. First quarter revenues also increased 33% from the previous years first quarter of $32,347,000 to $42,923,000 in FY 2011. The current years 33% revenue increase is comprised of a 14% increase in organic sales of product lines available in the prior years first quarter, and the addition of the BioKits and GeneSeek product lines. The first quarter revenues and net income represent quarterly records for the 28-year-old company.. We are very pleased with the results of the quarter and especially the dedication of our 600 employees who have kept our strong quarter-to-quarter growth going for almost 20 years, said James Herbert, Neogens ...
a)In general. If the separate share rule of section 663(c) is applicable for any taxable year of a trust, subpart D is applied as if each share were a separate trust except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section and in § 1.668(a)-1A(c). Thus, the amounts of an accumulation distribution, undistributed net income, undistributed capital gain, and capital gain distribution are computed separately for each share. (b)Allocation of taxes - undistributed net income. The taxes imposed on the trust attributable to the undistributed net income are allocated as follows: (1) There is first allocated to each separate share that portion of the taxes imposed on the trust attributable to the undistributed net income (as defined in § 1.665(d)-1A(b)), computed before the allowance of any credits under section 642(a), that bears the same relation to the total of such taxes that the distributable net income of the separate share bears to the distributable net income of the trust, adjusted for ...
US egg processor Cal-Maine Foods today (18 July) reported net income of US$316m for the fiscal 2016 year ended on 28 May - the highest annual net income in the companys history and 96% higher than the record set in fiscal 2015. related to Financials, Meat & poultry, Cal-Maine Foods,
October 20,2009- CN reports Q3-2009 net income of C$461 million, or C$0.97 per diluted share,compared with year-earlier net income of C$552 million, or C$1.16 per dilutedshare.
EOG Resources reported second quarter 2007 net income of $306.1 million, or $1.24 per share. This compares to second quarter 2006 net income of $329.6 million, or $1.34 per share.
Tokyo, Japan - August 9, 2007 - Trend Micro, Incorporated (TSE: 4704), a leader in network antivirus and Internet content security software and services, today announced record earnings results for the second quarter 2007(in accordance with Japan GAAP). Trend Micro posted consolidated net sales of 25.14 billion Yen (or US $207.84 million, 120.95JPY = 1USD), and operating income and net income both performed above expectations. The company posted operating income of 8.87 billion Yen (or US $73.33 million) and net income of 6.40 billion Yen (or US $52.95 million) for the quarter. These figures reflect 23 percent growth in net sales compared to the same period a year ago, a 37 percent growth in operating income and a 47 percent growth in net income for the same timeframe.. The Company continued to see strong growth, led by a 48 percent year-over-year revenue increase in North America, followed by a 22 percent increase both in APAC and Latin America. Europe and Japan achieved 17 and 14 percent ...
Users of ICT at Public Access Centers: Age, Education, Gender, and Income Differences in Users: 10.4018/jicthd.2011010101: Libraries, telecenters, and cybercafés offer opportunities for wider public access to information and communication technologies (ICT). This paper presents
Income disparities between men and women have led to a retirement shortfall of between 25% and 30%, a report released Tuesday by the Insured Retirement Institute found.
Siegel M, Allanson P (2015). Longitudinal analysis of income-related health inequalities: methods, challenges and applications. Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research in press. Siegel M, Mielck A, Maier W (2015). Individual income, area deprivation, and health: Do income-related health inequalities vary by small area deprivation? Health Economics 24(11):1523-1530. F. Henschel, M. Redaelli, M. Siegel, S. Stock (2015). Correlation of Incident Potentially Inappropriate Medication Prescriptions and Hospitalization: An Analysis Based on the PRISCUS List. Drugs - Real World Outcomes 2(3):249-259. Röttger J, Blümel M, Engel S, Grenz-Farenholtz B, Fuchs S, Linder R, Verheyen F, Busse R (2015): Exploring Health System Responsiveness in Ambulatory Care and Disease Management and its Relation to Other Dimensions of Health System Performance (RAC) - Study Design and Methodology. Int J Health Policy Manag. 2015;4(7): 431-437. Klein G, Lickfett L, Schreieck J, Deneke T, Wieczorek M, for the ...
Graph and download economic data for 90% Confidence Interval Upper Bound of Estimate of Median Household Income for Passaic County, NJ (MHICIUBNJ34031A052NCEN) from 1989 to 2018 about Passaic County, NJ; NJ; New York; median; households; income; and USA.
Summary:. This paper examines trends in income distribution in Brazil and the determinants of income inequality, including social expenditure. While recent data reveal reduced income inequality since the Real Plan of July 1994, the distribution of income is still among the most unequal in the world. Among the most important determinants of income inequality in Brazil is extreme disparity in educational attainment levels. Public expenditures on education, health, and social insurance have tended to exacerbate income inequality. A number of options for improving the equity and efficiency of Brazilian social expenditure merit further examination.. ...
While driving the clogged freeways of California, I listened to an NPR show in which the central complaint was the inequality of income distribution in the United States. Walter Benn Michaels bashes universities for being obsessed with admitting rich kids with Hispanic last names or dark skin, instead of kids from poor families. Nobody raised what to me seemed like obvious questions, e.g.,. 1) Should we stop accepting poor immigrants if we are worried about income distribution? A Somali immigrant might end up achieving a higher standard of living here than in Somalia, but he or she is going to swell the ranks of below-average earners.. 2) Are the people whom we consider poor today better or worse off, materially, than Americas poor were in the 1950s or 1970s?. 3) Is it inevitable that as an economy gets more complex, those who are clever and talented will find ways to get rich that werent available in a simpler economy? (And people who arent clever or talented wont get any boost.). Question ...
Lewisham and Southwark have seen the highest increase of disposable income in the UK, according to statistics released by accountancy firm UHY Hacker Young. Disposable income per household, per annum, rose 5.3 per cent in the two boroughs in 2014, over ten times the national average.. Disposable income in Lewisham and Southwark, defined by UHY as the amount of money a household has left to spend or save after taxes and mortgages or rent is taken into account, now stands at £20,756 per household in the boroughs. However, the second-fasted growing area around Kensington and Chelsea had £45,988 per year to spend - over £25,000 per year more.. The firm suggested that hipster style pop-ups, rooftop bars, and mini-breweries are attracting people with greater disposable income to south London. Large numbers of higher paid professionals are moving into Elephant & Castle, Peckham and Bermondsey as the area is transformed from one of the most unloved and reviled areas of Central London to one of ...
When we first meet with young health professionals, many are surprised when we inform them that they will owe personal income taxes come the following April. They are even more shocked when they learn that they are obligated to make quarterly income tax installments on a go-forward basis. Lets explain why self-employed health professionals are required to make quarterly income tax installments.. Medical residents and part-time workers are generally considered employees. The remuneration received is paid by an employer, who is legally obligated to withhold payroll source deductions (i.e. Employment Insurance premiums and Canada Pension Plan premiums) and personal income tax from the amounts paid. This is why your gross income may be, for example, $1,000 per week but you only receive $750 deposited into your bank account. When you receive your annual T4 slip it shows the total gross amount of income you earned in the prior year and the taxes and other deductions that were withheld at source. The ...
Leiden LIS Budget Incidence Fiscal Redistribution Dataset on Relative Income Poverty Rates (2019), assembled by Koen Caminada and Jinxian Wang (Version 1, February 2019), presents the disentanglement of relative income poverty measurers and the anti-poverty effects of social transfers and income taxes…
Income inequality has been growing for decades and-despite the recovery from the Great Recession-remains historically high. Today, the low end of the income spectrum (the 10th percentile) in California is 19% lower than what it was in 1980, and the upper end of the spectrum (90th percentile) is 40% higher, according to our new report. As a result of these trends, the ratio of high to low incomes-a key measure of income inequality-is nearly twice the size it was three decades ago.. In Los Angeles County, high-income families have 15 times more income than low-income families.. Both income and income inequality vary substantially across California. Looking at after-tax family incomes, we find that, in 2014, the Bay Area had the highest incomes. However, the gap between high and low incomes was biggest in Los Angeles County, the Central Valley, and northern parts of the state-places where low incomes tend to be particularly low. For example, in Los Angeles County, high-income families have 15 times ...
What do you have to do?: If youre excusing yourself to go pregnancy gifts for christmas the women room all night, decide up a being pregnant take a look at and call your doctor. If you enable your body to slouch ahead as the stomach muscle tissue weaken, youll increase the strain on your decrease again. i even have the dark line. Listed below are 5 ways through which you can start exercising after conception. Or your breasts would possibly really feel fuller and heavier. The relationship system works nicely for girls whove pretty regular menstrual cycles. Any concepts. Combination deficits of niacin, thiamin, nutritional vitamins A, B6, B12 have been famous in each of the trimesters. I hope the article on when does morning sickness start in pregnancy has been helpful to you. This resulted in The Fertility Weight loss plan teenage pregnancy poverty and income disparity by some as a way to improve your fertility. Your breasts enlarge additional and secrete colostrum. 07 ounces (2 grams). Apply ...
article{8c2b173c-e56d-4b35-8ed5-27e3c88a15b8, abstract = {,p,BACKGROUND: While psychosocial theory claims that socioeconomic status (SES), acting through social comparisons, has an important influence on susceptibility to disease, materialistic theory says that socioeconomic position (SEP) and related access to material resources matter more. However, the relative role of SEP versus SES in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) risk has still not been examined.,/p,,p,METHOD: We investigated the association between SES/SEP and COPD risk among 667 094 older adults, aged 55 to 60, residing in Sweden between 2006 and 2011. Absolute income in five groups by population quintiles depicted SEP and relative income expressed as quintile groups within each absolute income group represented SES. We performed sex-stratified logistic regression models to estimate odds ratios and the area under the receiver operator curve (AUC) to compare the discriminatory accuracy of SES and SEP in relation to ...
UnitedFutures plans to allow couples with children to split their income for tax purposes takes a further step today with the release of an issues paper looking at how income splitting might operate through an annual tax credit.. Under income splitting, each partner in a relationship with children would be taxed on an equal share of their combined income, Revenue Minister and UnitedFuture leader Peter Dunne said today in releasing the issues paper.. The first round of consultation last year sought feedback on what people thought of income splitting, and attracted more than 200 responses, most of them favourable.. Because income taxes are progressive, with high incomes attracting a higher rate of tax than low incomes, many families might pay less tax, providing some financial assistance when one parent works full-time and the other chooses to stay at home to care for the children, Mr Dunne said.. How much financial assistance they would receive would depend on individual family ...
New evidence from this study shows that a higher percentage of people have migraine in low income groups because more people get migraine, not because people in lower income groups have migraine for a longer period of time, Stewart said. Because the remission rate does not differ by income, it means that the duration of time that people have migraine is not different by income level. These results strongly support the theory that stressors associated with lower income play an important role in the relationship between migraine and income. Identifying these factors may be a crucial step toward developing prevention strategies ...
In economies characterized by intergenerational rigidities, an increase in income inequality has persistent effects-for example by hindering human capital accumulation- thereby retarding future growth disproportionately. One of the biggest findings is that amongst the developed nations, higher GDP does not mean a better quality of life. Some of the negative impact of inequality on growth can be blamed on poor government policies in highly unequal countries. And on June 15th economists at the IMF released a study assessing the causes and consequences of rising inequality. Nevertheless, a relatively generalised pattern can be observed depending on a countrys degree of development. Sharp rise in public debt: will the euro area resist? The problem is that laissez-faire capitalism results in income inequality. (2016), «The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility since 1940», NBER Working Paper. (2016), «The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility since 1940», ...
Pharma, Coatings, and Chemicals operating income up sharply , the Netherlands, April 25, 2000 – Akzo Nobel, (AEX: AKZ; NASDAQ: AKZOY) the multinational pharmaceuticals, coatings and chemicals company, delivered strong first-quarter results with net income at EUR219 million, up 30% on the corresponding period of the previous year.
This index measures the degree of inequality in the distribution of family income in a country. The index is calculated from the Lorenz curve, in which cumulative family income is plotted against the number of families arranged from the poorest to the richest. The index is the ratio of (a) the area between a countrys Lorenz curve and the 45 degree helping line to (b) the entire triangular area under the 45 degree line. The more nearly equal a countrys income distribution, the closer its Lorenz curve to the 45 degree line and the lower its Gini index, e.g., a Scandinavian country with an index of 25. The more unequal a countrys income distribution, the farther its Lorenz curve from the 45 degree line and the higher its Gini index, e.g., a Sub-Saharan country with an index of 50. If income were distributed with perfect equality, the Lorenz curve would coincide with the 45 degree line and the index would be zero; if income were distributed with perfect inequality the Lorenz curve would coincide ...
financial results and guidance presented in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), the company uses certain non-GAAP (also referred to as adjusted or non-GAAP adjusted) financial measures in this press release and the accompanying tables. In particular, the company presents non-GAAP adjusted net income (and the related per share measure) and its line item components, as well as certain non-GAAP adjusted financial measures derived therefrom, including non-GAAP adjusted gross margin percentage and non-GAAP adjusted effective tax rate. Non-GAAP adjusted net income (and the related per share measure) and its line item components exclude from reported GAAP net income (and the related per share measure) and its line item components certain items, as detailed in the reconciliation tables that follow, and in the case of non-GAAP adjusted net income (and the related per share measure), adjust for the income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments. In this regard, the components ...
A population-based program promoting the Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) for colorectal cancer screening was introduced in 2008 in Ontario, Canada, where opportunistic screening with colonoscopy had been increasing in frequency. We evaluated the impact of the program on income and immigration-related disparities in screening. We used linked administrative data to calculate colorectal cancer screening rates for eligible Ontarians in each year between 2001/02 (n=2,852,619) and 2013/14 (n=4,139,304). We quantified disparities using an inequality ratio of screening rates in the most disadvantaged group relative to the most advantaged group. We performed segmented logistic regression analyses stratified by screening modality and adjusted for age, sex, rurality, co-morbidity, and morbidity. Between 2001/02 and 2013/14, the income and immigration inequality ratios narrowed from 0.74 to 0.80 and 0.55 to 0.69, respectively. Before the screening program, the income inequality ratio was widening by 1% per ...
Income poverty in Tanzania as elsewhere in developing countries is predominantly a rural phenomenon and affects largely households relying on subsistence farming. This is despite the fact that poverty reduction strategies have devoted increasing attention on the role farm employment in enhancing household income. This paper argues that, off-farm employment may have potential to contribute to reduction of rural households income poverty. Hence the main objective of the paper is set to examine effects of off-farm employment on income poverty. Data was collected from a random sample of 309 households in the first quarter of 2014 in five villages of Kilombero Valley, Tanzania using a structured questionnaire. Income poverty was analysed using the Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) poverty index and two stage least square (2SLS) regression. Households with off-farm employment income were found to be less poor based on all the three FGT parameters which are incidence, depth and severity of poverty. ...
A. Operating activities Operating activities include the cash effects of transactions that create revenues and expenses. This includes cash receipts from sales of products and payments to suppliers and employees. It also includes receipts on the sales of loans, dividends received, tax and interest payments made. How to Determine Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities: Net Income Plus: Depreciation and amortization Losses Decreases in noncash current assets Increases in current liabilities Less: Gains Increases in noncash current assets Decreases in current liabilities Equals: Net Cash Flow from Operating Activities Depreciation and amortization are added to net income because they are noncash expenses. Gains and losses are adjusted to net income because they are nonreporting items. Changes in current accounts require adjustments to net income because they reflect the differences between revenues and expenses and the related operating cash flows. Operating activities should be a firms primary ...
Tax unit: In Belgium, the tax unit is the adult, single or married, with children or other dependent persons. The legal cohabitants are assimilated to spouses.. Taxable income includes real-estate income, income from movable property, miscellaneous income and earned income. There are specific rules for the calculation of the net income for each of these categories.. Certain income was sometimes classified in different categories, such as copyright. A new tax regime applies now to copyright in order to specify the income category it belongs to. 1. Real estate income - General rules. The taxable amount of the real property is established separately for each spouse and the jointly owned property is apportioned on a fifty-fifty basis between the spouses. The taxable amount of real estate income is determined, according to the case, either on the basis of the cadastral income or on the basis of the rent. The net amount is then obtained by deducting interests on loans. The taxpayers dwelling-house ...
The Walt Disney Co. said Wednesday that its first quarter net income increased 33 percent to $1.8 billion.. Disney had increases in sales across all of its divisions, from its theme parks to its retail stores. Overall revenues were up 9 percent to $12.3 billion. These results reflect the strength of our unprecedented portfolio of brands, a constant focus on creativity and innovation, and the continued success of our long-term strategy, said CEO and Chairman Robert A. Iger in a statement. Disneys studio entertainment division saw sales increase 23 percent to nearly $1.9 billion. The company attributed the growth to the strong performance of Frozen and Marvels Thor: The Dark World, compared to Wreck-It Ralph and no Marvel film during the same period last year.. Iger said in a conference call with investors that the companys studio strategy is working, aimed at three types of movies: bigger releases with broad appeal, animation like Frozen and lower budget original films like Saving ...
The global mobile phone accessories market is segmented into product type such as battery, charger, power bank, earphone/headphone, memory card, mobile phone cases, mobile phone protective cases and mobile phone battery cases. Increasing number of smart phone users is a major factor which is augmenting the demand for mobile phone accessories across the globe.. Global mobile phone accessories market is expected to register a robust CAGR over the forecast period. Moreover, the global mobile phone accessories market was valued at USD 62,713.4 Million in 2016 and is expected to reach at notable revenue by the end of 2023. The global mobile phone accessories market is primarily driven by a number of factors such as rising disposable income of the consumers coupled with changing lifestyle of medium class population and availability of smart phones at affordable price.. The multi-brand store segment by distribution channel is likely to grow at remarkable pace during the forecast period. Consumers ...
Rockwell Automation Inc. said Monday that its fiscal fourth-quarter net income fell 3 percent, as the continued sluggish economy hurt demand for its products and services.
Although the trickle-down hypothesis never had much in the way of supporting evidence, empirical testing was difficult because its proponents never specified the time period over which the benefits of growth were supposed to percolate through to the poor. But, just as the crises of the 1970s marked the end of the Bretton Woods era, the global financial crisis marks the end of the era of finance-driven market liberalism. To the extent that any assessment of the distributional effects of market liberal policies will ever be possible, it is possible now.. The trickle-down theory can be examined using the tools of econometrics. But, at least for the US, no such sophisticated analysis is required. The raw data on income distribution shows that households in the bottom half of the income distribution gained nothing from the decades of market liberalism. Although apologists for market liberalism have offered various arguments to suggest that the raw data gives the wrong impression, none of these ...
Income inequality generates and amplifies incentives, particularly incentives for individuals to elevate or maintain their status, with important consequences for the individuals involved and aggregate outcomes for their societies [R. G. Wilkinson, K. E. Pickett, Annu. Rev. Sociol. 35, 493-511 (2009)]. Economically unequal environments intensify mens competition for status, respect, and, ultimately, mating opportunities, thus elevating aggregate rates of violent crime and homicide [M. Daly, M. Wilson, Evolutionary Psychology and Motivation (2001)]. Recent evidence shows that women are more likely to post sexy selfies on social media and that they spend more on beautification in places where inequality is high rather than low [K. R. Blake, B. Bastian, T. F. Denson, et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 115, 8722-8727 (2018)]. Here we test experimentally for causal links between income inequality and individual self-sexualization and status-related competition. We show that manipulating income ...
A measure of the real purchasing power of income generated by domestic production is the chain volume measure of GDP adjusted for the terms of trade effect, which is referred to as real gross domestic income (see Glossary for definition). The graph below provides a comparison of quarterly movements in trend GDP (volume measure) and real gross domestic income. During the December quarter, trend real gross domestic income increased by 1.0%, compared to the increase in the trend volume measure of GDP of 0.5%, reflecting a 2.0% improvement in the terms of trade. Trend and seasonally adjusted estimates of real gross domestic income are shown in tables 1 and 2. ...
We show that differences in childhood environments play an important role in shaping gender gaps in adulthood by documenting three facts using population tax records for children born in the 1980s. First, gender gaps in employment rates, earnings, and college attendance vary substantially across the parental income distribution. Notably, the traditional gender gap in employment rates is reversed for children growing up in poor families: boys in families in the bottom quintile of the income distribution are less likely to work than girls. Second, these gender gaps vary substantially across counties and commuting zones in which children grow up. The degree of variation in outcomes across places is largest for boys growing up in poor, single-parent families. Third, the spatial variation in gender gaps is highly correlated with proxies for neighborhood disadvantage. Low-income boys who grow up in high-poverty, high-minority areas work significantly less than girls. These areas also have higher rates ...
Dramatically high percentages of Americans even in the upper income categories are likely to run short of money after 10 or 20 years of retirement, according to a new study.. A new analysis by the nonpartisan Employee Benefit Research Institute finds that almost two-thirds (64 percent) of Americans in the two lowest pre-retirement income levels will be running short after 10 years in retirement.. However, the EBRI study also finds that after 20 years of retirement, almost a third (29 percent) of those in the next-to-highest income level will run short of money, as will more than 1 in 10 (13 percent) of those in the highest-income level. Not surprisingly, those with the highest income are at the lowest risk of running short of money but many in the highest income category still face significant risks of not being able to pay basic expenses and uninsured medical expenses for the remainder of their lives.. The study finds that nearly half of early Baby Boomers those on the verge of retirement, ...
It is occasionally claimed that these tax expenditures are not hugely important for the very rich (say the top 1 percent), but are instead really important to the entire top fifth of the income distribution. However, for some deductions such as the deduction for state and local taxes and the deduction for charitable contributions, this is an incorrect perception. According to the CBO (2013b), 80 percent of the benefit of the deduction for state and local taxes goes to the top 20 percent, with 30 percent of the benefit going to the top 1 percent alone. Likewise, 84 percent of the benefit of the deduction for charitable interest goes to the top 20 percent, with 38 percent of the benefit going to the top 1 percent. For some other deductions and exclusions, while it may not be the very top of the income distribution that benefits the most, the stark regressivity up until that point should not be ignored. While only 14 percent of the benefit for the exclusion of net pension contributions and ...
This statistic displays the average income tax paid by non-retired households in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2017/18, by decile group.
As the COVID-19 crisis continues to unfold, uncertainty remains exceptionally high. The Fund has provided extraordinary financial support as well as timely analysis and policy advice during the first phase of the crisis, but additional efforts are needed to help members secure a durable exit, minimize long-term scarring, and build a more sustainable and resilient economy. Against this backdrop, and in line with the strategic directions laid out in the Fall 2020 Global Policy Agenda and the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) Communiqué, this Work Program puts forward a prioritized Board agenda for December 2020 to June 2021, focused on activities of most critical importance to our members ...
Definition: The growth rate in the welfare aggregate of the bottom 40% is computed as the annualized average growth rate in per capita real consumption or income of the bottom 40% of the population in the income distribution in a country from household surveys over a roughly 5-year period. Mean per capita real consumption or income is measured at 2011 Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) using the PovcalNet ( For some countries means are not reported due to grouped and/or confidential data. The annualized growth rate is computed as (Mean in final year/Mean in initial year)^(1/(Final year - Initial year)) - 1. The reference year is the year in which the underlying household survey data was collected. In cases for which the data collection period bridged two calendar years, the first year in which data were collected is reported. The initial year refers to the nearest survey collected 5 years before the most recent survey available, only surveys collected between ...
Lee A. Lillard, director of the Retirement Research Center at the University of Michigan, senior research scientist at its Institute for Social Research, and professor of economics, developed a unique method for analyzing the rich compendium of data collected by the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) since its inception in 1968. Lee died in December 2000, and his colleagues at PSID decided to provide the fruits of his work to the research community so others might benefit from an exploration of his techniques and methodologies for analyzing data. Lee created what he called clean processes to investigate a number of dynamic behaviors that are measured longitudinally in PSID, such as employment, marriage-divorce, and fertility. He and his programmers and research assistants put these processes into a consistent framework, and made decisions about how to resolve inconsistencies, missing items, etc. Data from the files can be entered, as appropriate, in dynamic econometric models of related and ...
Regression Analysis to Forecast Inequality in Ontario. My objective is to forecast the impact of the three fiscal plans on after-tax income inequality in Ontario because understanding inequality impacts should be a critical decision criteria in the election.. There are a number of challenges associated with this endeavour. First, as far as I am aware, there is no publicly-available model that calculates fiscal policy changes in Ontario. Perhaps the SPSD model developed by Statistics Canada comes closest, in this respect, in that it can estimate impacts of well-defined fiscal policy changes by income categories (such as the the so-called middle-class personal income tax cut announced by the PC leader), but does not provide an inequality measure such as the Gini coefficient.. The second challenge is lack of specificity. As I noted in the CCPA article, the PC party has not released a comprehensive fiscal plan, but have been running on a set of ad-hoc announcements and general commitments, ...
Please also note that Tables 1 and 2 (beginning on page 7) show that most nonmetropolitan area income limits are based on state nonmetropolitan area medians. In areas where there is a valid 1-year ACS survey MFI result, HUD endeavors to use this data as well to take advantage of more recent survey information. The tables on the summary Incomes have fallen in my area, why havent income limits? West Virginia For the FY 2011 Income Limits OMB made no changes and so there are no changes in area definitions, compared with the area definition used for FY 2010 Income Limits. The February 28, 2013, OMB Metropolitan Area definition update based on 2010 Decennial Census and ACS data has not been incorporated in the FMR process due to the timing of the release of these new definitions and the lack of availability of ACS data conforming to them. back to top, 10. For additional details concerning the use of the ACS in HUDs calculations of MFI, please see our FY 2019 Median Family Income methodology ...
Likewise, when evaluated on a yearly basis, income of over €660 per month on supported months and over €1,970 per month on ... The benefits were raised in 2008 and 2014: in 2008 the direct support was increased by 15% and the income limits were raised by ... Student benefit is paid by the state to all qualifying students, excluding only those with full-time employment and income, and ... Student benefits are independent of parents' income in tertiary education for students over the age of 20 who live alone. In ...
Wealth that yields income. Only one country, Sudan, imposes zakat `on wealth that yields income, such as rented property, ... Income. Income is subject to zakat in only two of the six countries: `The Saudi and Malaysian regulations are ... the same as ... Income from business, salaries and other means are traditionally exempt. While the Quran talks about the importance of zakat ( ... Zakat is based on income and the type and value of one's assets/possessions above a minimum amount known as nisab. The Quran ...
By region or country 210-240............History 241-1620...........By region or country 2005-2216..........Income and ... Income tax 4919-4936..........Capitation. Poll tax 5309-5510..........Administrative fees. User charges. License fees 6603-7390 ...
7 - Passed - Income Tax Indexing. Initiative statute. 8 - Passed - Criminal Justice. Initiative Statutes & Constitutional ... Income. Initiative Constitutional Amendment. 10 - Failed - Rent-Control Through Local Ordinance. Initiative Constitutional ...
In 1995, 19,000 and the median house price was £83,000, 4.4 times median income. By 2012-13, the median income in London had ... When considering the gross weekly income, including benefits, of all household members, the proportion of income spent on ... The gap between average income and average house prices has changed between 1985 and 2015 from twice an average salary to up to ... From April 2017, buy-to-let mortgage interest payments will have higher rates of income tax relief phased out by the government ...
Income. Retrieved 18 February 2016. Branyon, George, SmartBike DC And How It Happened For Free, Washington, D.C.: DDOT (2008): ... CAC handed out free bicycles to any low-income applicant; this was changed after many of the CAC bicycles began appearing for ... which provides free secondhand bicycles to certain preselected low-income and disadvantaged people who need a bicycle to get to ...
Farmer, Richard (2019-07-03). "Supplemental Income". Media History. 25 (3): 371-386. doi:10.1080/13688804.2018.1481372. ISSN ...
". "Income Statement". Retrieved September 1, 2017. "Viasat Annual Report 2014". "Viasat Annual Report 2010". "Intelsat Annual ...
... income distribution; fiscal federalism) The University is home to a number of societies, some of which are directly involved in ...
Fixed Income. The company is the most active operator on the secondary ruble bond market and a highly active participant in the ... The company's research product range includes equity, fixed income and options coverage through a broad range of publications ... Also, companies may place temporarily available funds through reversed REPO to get additional income. The company's analysts ... with services including arranging and leading primary bond issues and secondary market trading and in-depth Fixed Income market ...
... bequest income; and investment income. Less than 10 per cent of the Mission's revenues come from government. Homelessness in ... In the summer, around 600 children and youth from low-income neighbourhoods attend The Scott Mission's camp. The Mission spends ...
"Income inequality". OECD. Retrieved 22 March 2020. "Human Development Report 2019". United Nations Development ... as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human ...
The majority of MCM local entrepreneurs are women who have no other opportunities to generate additional household income. ... The MicroConsignment Model: The Origins[permanent dead link] "CE Solutions: Impact > Income Generation". Archived from the ... The MicroConsignment Model (MCM) establishes profitable income generating opportunities (and the infrastructure and network for ... to work in El Salvador to help them find an effective way to distribute reading glasses to low income villagers. It is ...
IB-income. " In: The first part of the Amsterdam-Moez mixture (1658) Catherine Questiers, "None of beyden. In: The first part ... HV-income Beelthouwer. In: The first part of the Amsterdam-Moez mixture (1658) Catherine Irish Quest, "On Fidamant, Kisses and ...
IV Income. Capital. I Introductory. II Wants In Relation To Activities. III Gradations Of Consumers' Demand. IV The Elasticity ...
"Young Rich List - 30 Under 30 Internet Millionaires". Income Diary. Retrieved April 7, 2015. "CNN Visits ShowClix". ShowClix ...
Afghanistan income. In his first overseas competition in Lahore - Pakistan, he defeated his opponents from Iran, Pakistan, Iraq ...
Aol, Income. August 26, 2008. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-09-14. Engel (2016), pp. 169-171 Engel ( ... Zack Morris-whose administration experiences controversy for closing too many low-income high schools-to send lower-income ...
Handler, Daniel (June 10, 2007). "Adjusted Income". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved August 15, 2014. White, Daniel ( ...
Widows-6. Income-4300[¤] - Abridged register of the entire Ottoman Empire from 1530 A historical point of interest in the ... Houses (infidels, or Christians) - 3. Income - 256[¤]. - Ottoman register from 1477 Filibe. Village Radinova...Timar of Murad, ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Income Access , Capital Index Launches Affiliate Programme with Income Access". Income ... Income Access Press Room. 10 July 2015. "Capital Index (UK) Limited - Company Information - Endole". ... In July 2015, Capital Index (Cyprus) Ltd introduces an affiliate programme using the Income Access partnership management ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "CAPITAL INDEX LAUNCHES AFFILIATE PROGRAMME WITH INCOME ACCESS" (Press release). ...
He was earning a four-figure weekly salary in a day when the average household income was just over $2,000 a year. He resided ... Stanowski, David (September 24, 2007). "Median Income". The Financial Help Center. Archived from the original on August 28, ...
Brady (BRC) annual SEC income statement filing via Wikinvest. Gurda, John, Sticking to It: A History of the W. H. Brady Co., ... "Income Statement". Archived from the original on 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2019-09-21. Stewart Landy (2009-12-01). " ...
The Income Tax Act covers income received through conducting business, employment income and banking. The Tourism Goods and ... Income Tax is levied under the Income Tax Act (Law Number 25/2019). The act was published in the Government Gazette on 17 ... Tax residents of Maldives are taxed on their worldwide income, whereas non-residents are taxed on the income derived from ... "Income Tax". Retrieved 17 December 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Report" (PDF). ...
"Disposable Income". AllMusic. Retrieved 31 December 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) John D. Luerssen. "MMHMM". ...
The Finance Act 1999 is an Act of the United Kingdom Parliament prescribing changes to Excise Duties; Value Added Tax; Income ...
Personal Income Tax - is a tax paid by Portuguese citizens domiciled in Portugal for their worldwide income. Non-residents of ... Corporate Income Tax - is a tax applied to the income of companies operating in the territory of Portugal. Surtax (Derrama) - ... "Portugal - Taxes on personal income". Retrieved 2018-12-19. "Income tax". Your Europe - Citizens. ... They are: Taxes on consumption, Taxes on assets, Taxes on income, Excise taxes and Taxes on vehicles. Value added tax - the ...
"NTUC Income to fully own 16 Collyer Quay". NTUC Income. Archived from the original on 2013-01-11. Retrieved 2010-10-16. "CALTEX ... In January 2011, NTUC Income acquired a 49 percent stake in Savu Investments, the holding company which owns the asset, from ... In January 2013, NTUC Income bought over Goldman Sach's remaining 51% stake in Savu Investments, the acquisition valuing the ... List of tallest buildings in Singapore Hitachi "NTUC Income to fully own 16 Collyer Quay". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 6 ...
"Highest Income". Florence Times Tri-Cities Daily. December 17, 1975. p. 9. OCLC 12323488. Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of ... He was noted as having Atlanta's highest income in 1868 at $35,127. He departed the city a few years thereafter when the bank ...
Semuels, Alana (7 May 2020). "No Income. Major Medical Bills. What Life Is Like for Millions of Americans Facing Financial Ruin ...
... based repayment plans set your monthly federal student loan payment at an amount intended to be affordable based on your income ... your current income isnt significantly different from the income reported on your most recent federal income tax return. ... Income-Driven Plans. An income-driven repayment plan sets your monthly student loan payment at an amount that is intended to be ... or if your current income is significantly different from the income reported on your most recent federal income tax return ( ...
Processing delays for individual income tax paper returns - file online instead. Temporary measures for individual income tax ... Applies to income tax balances and instalments due on or after March 18 and before September 30, 2020. Penalties and interest ... Filing date for 2019 information returns under Part XVIII and Part XIX of the Income Tax Act. September 1, 2020 Extended date ... The CRA will also waive arrears interest on existing tax debts related to these parts of the Income Tax Act from April 1, 2020 ...
A basic income (also called basic income guarantee, citizens income, unconditional basic income, universal basic income (UBI ... Income tax, such as negative income tax, income taxes, income tax threshold, capital gains taxes, taxes on income of land and ... "A Basic Income for All". Retrieved 2016-12-14.. *^ a b c Sheahen, Allan. Basic Income Guarantee: Your Right ... "Basic Income Earth Network. Retrieved August 27, 2017.. *^ "Citizens Basic Income: The Answer is Blowing in Wind" DOC, Eduardo ...
Example: Elbonia taxes income below E.10,000 at 20% and other income at 30%. Joe has E.15,000 of income. His tax is E.3,500. ... Taxable income of taxpayers resident in the jurisdiction is generally total income less income producing expenses and other ... taxable income). Income tax generally is computed as the product of a tax rate times taxable income. Taxation rates may vary by ... The amount of income collected via income tax has varied dramatically, from 1% in the early days of US income tax to taxation ... .header { position: absolute; width: 230px; height: ...
Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Americas Income-Changes Between the Censuses This brief discusses changes in median household money income over the past two ... This report presents data on income in current and constant dollars and summary measures of income for households, families, ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
Income and Poverty in the United States: 2017 These tables present data on income, earnings, income inequality & poverty in the ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage: 2011 Median household income declines, while the poverty rate remains ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
When you think about your households income, do you feel rich, poor, or just average? Most of us have no idea - or the wrong ... Compare your income. 02/06/2020 - Check out the updated Compare your income, and help your government align its Covid-19 ... The tool is built using the most recent income data from the OECD Income Distribution Database. While the information collected ... The OECDs Compare your income web tool allows you to see whether your perception is in line with reality. In only a few clicks ...
Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Income of Persons Up 10 Percent in 1951 (Advance data) Distribution of persons 14 years of age and over by total money income ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ...
... experimental poverty measures and Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates. ... Read research analyses from Census Bureau experts related to income, poverty, ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ... Small Area Income and Poverty Statistics of U.S. Businesses Survey of Business Owners Survey of Income and Program ...
The less equal the distribution, the higher income inequality is. ... Income inequality is how unevenly income is distributed ... What Is Income Inequality? Income inequality is how unevenly income is distributed throughout a population. The less equal the ... Income Inequality Explained Income inequality and income disparity segregations can be analyzed through a variety of ... Segmentations of income disparity analysis are used for analyzing different types of income distributions. Income distributions ...
It is one of three categories of income. ... Portfolio income is money received from investments, dividends ... Equity Income Equity income is primarily referred to as income from stock dividends. Equity income investments are those known ... What Is Active Income? Active income refers to income received from performing a service. Wages, tips, salaries, and ... It is one of three main categories of income. The others are active income and passive income. ...
... The disposable household income in 2010 was adjusted for differences in the size and composition of the household, ... They are classified into five 20%-income groups. Data are based on the Social Statistical Database compiled by Statistics ...
For analyses involving other variables in addition to family income or personal earnings, each set of imputed values can be ... The missing data on family income and personal earnings in the 1999 NHIS were imputed using multiple-imputation methodology. ...
Evidence on income distribution and poverty in OECD countries since the mid-80s, using data that correct for many of the ... "Compare Your Income web tool. Whats your perception of income inequality? The OECD Compare your income tool allows you to ... Income inequality: Income is defined as household disposable income in a particular year. It consists of earnings, self- ... OECD Income Distribution Database. To benchmark and monitor income inequality and poverty across countries, the OECD relies on ...
Explain why you need a Low Income / Expliquez pourquoi vous demandez un billet à tarif solidaire / Explícanos por qué necesitas ...
For persons in these families the calculation of the ratio of family income to poverty threshold has been revised to use the ... For analyses involving other variables in addition to family income or personal earnings, each set of imputed values can be ... UPDATE: In October 2005, the 2003 NHIS Imputed Family Income/ Personal Earnings files were revised in order to correct values ... The missing data on family income and personal earnings in the 2003 NHIS were imputed using multiple-imputation methodology. ...
Basic income Comprehensive income Income tax Unpaid work Smiths financial dictionary. Smith, Howard Irving. 1908. Income is ... National income, measured by statistics such as net national income (NNI), measures the total income of individuals, ... also known as gross income). Net income is defined as the gross income minus taxes and other deductions (e.g., mandatory ... have higher incomes as opposed to developing countries tending to have lower incomes. Income inequality is the extent to which ...
... The companys total earnings, reflecting revenues adjusted for costs of doing business, depreciation, interest, ...
Individual Income Taxes. Having trouble filing your individual income taxes?. Download DORs handy Services Guide for ... Assistance for Seniors and Low-Income Customers. If you are a senior or low-income customer looking for assistance in preparing ... Individual Income Taxes. Business Tax. Motor Carrier Services. Online Services. Tax Forms. Contact Us. ... Individual Income Taxes. Business Tax. Motor Carrier Services. Online Services. Tax Forms. Contact Us. ...
... Robert Collinson, Ingrid Gould Ellen, Jens Ludwig. NBER Working Paper No. 21071. Issued in April ... Published: Low-Income Housing Policy, Robert Collinson, Ingrid Gould Ellen, Jens Ludwig. in Economics of Means-Tested Transfer ... w8208 Housing Programs for Low-Income Households. Sinai and Gyourko. w10322 The (Un)changing Geographical Distribution of ... We begin by reviewing the history of low-income housing programs in the U.S., and then summarize the characteristics of ...
Slow income growth was accompanied by rapid growth in income inequality. The United Kingdom shared the rise in income ... although there was a good deal of income growth at the top of the income distribution, real median family income stagnated or ... but did not experience the same slowdown in the growth of real incomes. If income and income inequality are important ... white incomes are higher and black incomes are lower, so that income inequality (through its interracial component) is higher ...
I just received a 1099 from the newspaper reporting my income for them for the year (they hadnt withheld any taxes throughout ... I just received a 1099 from the newspaper reporting my income for them for the year (they hadnt withheld any taxes throughout ... Youll report this self-employed income on Schedule C when you file your 2005 taxes, or you can report it on the simpler ... Thats the biggest downside to having self-employed income. When youre considered your own boss, you have to pay both the ...
... refers to the middle income which separates the upper half from the lower half if all incomes ...
Statistics on income, social inclusion and living conditions cover objective and subjective aspects of these themes in both ... The EU-SILC is the EU reference source for comparative statistics on income distribution and social inclusion at the European ... Cross-sectional data pertaining to a given time or a certain time period with variables on income, poverty, social exclusion ... The main source for the compilation of statistics on income, social inclusion and living conditions is the EU-Statistics on ...
"William E. Clark to Retire as Realty Income Chairman" (Press release). Business Wire. September 3, 2013. "Realty Income To ... "Realty Income Set to Join S&P 500; Windstream, Douglas Emmett to Join the S&P MidCap 400; Gentherm, Echo Global Logistics to ... "Realty Income Names John P. Case to Succeed Tom A. Lewis As Chief Executive Officer" (Press release). PR Newswire. September 3 ... Realty Income Corporation is a real estate investment trust that invests in free-standing, single-tenant commercial properties ...
If the lease is 14 or fewer days, the rental income is tax-free. ... If the lease is 14 or fewer days, the rental income is tax-free ... The beauty of the tax break is that there is no limit on the income. If you can get a renter who will pay $10,000 for a three- ... Go past that two-week limit, and youll need to make another call to your tax pro for details on how to report rental income ... Ignore local rental laws, and you could end up using a chunk of your tax-free rent income to pay penalty fees to your city or ...
However, incomes for the bottom 10% grew much slower during the prosperous years and fell during economic downturns. ... Its bad for bottom 10% during bad times and good times: Incomes for the top earners in OECD countries have grown consistently ... Inequality hurts educational opportunity: One of the main reasons why income inequality hurts the economy is because it means ... Today, the richest 10% of the population in member countries earn 9.5 times the income of the poorest 10%. ...
Get the detailed quarterly/annual income statement for Waters Corporation (WAT). Find out the revenue, expenses and profit or ... Total Other Income/Expenses Net. -57,202. -50,215. -28,449. -36,326. Earnings Before Interest and Taxes. 739,348. 691,312. ...
  • Children under age 6 are more often found in families with incomes below the poverty line than children ages 6 to 17. (
  • 90% of FAP payments would have gone to families with incomes below the poverty level. (
  • If you collect regular dividends from a stock, or receive a monetary gift, that money would be considered unearned income because you didn't do anything to earn it. (
  • BDCs, like REITs, are required to pay out at least 90% of their ordinary taxable income to shareholders, which accounts for their lush dividends. (
  • Income coming from interest payments, dividends, capital gains collected on the sale of a security or other assets, and any other profit that is made through an investment vehicle of any kind. (
  • Additionally, residents of Tennessee and New Hampshire are only taxed on income earned from dividends. (
  • In the Amana Income Fund, we accomplish this by seeking healthy dividends, steady earnings growth, and strong balance sheets that can weather market downturns. (
  • Looking to 2013, we believe that the structural crude advantages currently driving our operating margins will positively impact our operating income, allowing us to continue to pay both regular and special dividends. (
  • On a tangent, is anyone else sick of the term 'double taxation' as it refers to corporate income tax and dividends? (
  • Personal income represents the income that households receive from all sources including wages and salaries, fringe benefits such as employer contributions to private pension plans, proprietors' income, income from rent, dividends and interest and transfer payments such as Social Security and unemployment compensation. (
  • The forward-looking information contained in this press release is based on historical information concerning the distributions and dividends paid on the securities of issuers historically included in the portfolio of YIELDPLUS Income Fund. (
  • 02/06/2020 - Check out the updated Compare your income, and help your government align its Covid-19 recovery strategy by sharing your priorities for public spending. (
  • For example, if doctors' health depends on the income of other doctors, and economists' health on the income of other economists, then the health-to-income relationship in the pooled data will flatten if the average incomes of the two groups pulls apart. (
  • The income ratio between urban and rural residents was 3.33:1, which meant city dwellers' average incomes were 3.33 times greater than the average for farmers. (
  • In comparison, the income ratio was 2.56:1 in 1978 when city dwellers' average incomes stood at 343 yuan while that of farmers was 134 yuan. (
  • As a result, the income ratio was reduced to its narrowest at 1.82:1 in 1983, when urban residents' average incomes were 564 yuan, 254 yuan more than those for farmers. (
  • Income per capita has been increasing steadily in most countries. (
  • Rising inequality has done the most economic damage in Mexico and New Zealand, where economic growth per capita would have been up to 10 percentage points higher if incomes had been more equal during the past two decades. (
  • This occurred even though per capita incomes in Massachusetts were 55 percent higher in 2000. (
  • The United Arab Emirates has one of the world's highest per-capita incomes at $49,000. (
  • The per-capita disposable income of urban people was 17,175 yuan ($2,514.6) in 2009, up 8.8 percent from a year earlier, said Ma Jiantang, director of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). (
  • Per-capita disposable income of rural residents stood at 5,153 yuan last year, and the growth rate was 0.6 percentage points lower than that of urban residents. (
  • Incomes of rural people working outside their hometowns accounted for 40 percent of their per-capita disposable income, and the sale of agricultural produce 49 percent. (
  • The Economic Policy Institute released a 2018 report showing a general trend toward increasing incomes of the top earners following the 2008 Recession. (
  • Incomes for the top earners in OECD countries have grown consistently in the last 30 years. (
  • The share of total income going to the top 1 percent of earners, which stood at 8.9 percent in 1976, rose to 23.5 percent by 2007, but during the same period, the average inflation-adjusted hourly wage declined by more than 7 percent. (
  • The individual income tax threshold increase was believed to relieve the economic burden of medium- and low-income earners amid the recent price increase of some goods. (
  • However, the rise in personal income tax collection threshold will free 70 percent of income earners from paying income tax. (
  • The current threshold of 1,600 yuan makes 50 percent of income earners free from paying the tax. (
  • For households and individuals, "income is the sum of all the wages, salaries, profits, interest payments, rents, and other forms of earnings received in a given period of time. (
  • This report shows income distributions for U.S. households. (
  • The disposable household income in 2010 was adjusted for differences in the size and composition of the household, which facilitates comparison of the prosperity level between the various types of households. (
  • It analyses the trends of middle-income households through dimensions such as labour occupation, consumption, wealth and debt, as well as perceptions and social attitudes. (
  • The report shows that there is space for policies to make societies more mobile and protect households from adverse income shocks. (
  • income taxes and social security contributions paid by households are deducted. (
  • Statistics on income, social inclusion and living conditions cover objective and subjective aspects of these themes in both monetary and non-monetary terms for both households and individuals. (
  • Household disposable income is the total amount of money households have available for spending and saving after subtracting income taxes and pension contributions. (
  • Predictably, tablets and PCs were more common in middle- and high- income households. (
  • Internet users in high- income households and those ages 16 to 24 were more likely to own either device. (
  • In high- income households, that share was appreciably greater at about 22% of internet users. (
  • Ownership still correlated directly with affluence, but even in high- income households, fewer than 10% owned a smart home item. (
  • Ownership did rise marginally in high- income households, but increasingly, internet users may feel they just don't need a tablet, as current smartphones typically provide better functionality in a more conveniently portable form. (
  • 57.6% of households paid income tax in 2006, meaning that 42.4% did not pay any income tax. (
  • Jim Davies, economics professor at the University of Western Ontario, finds the study's results puzzling since the income gap has narrowed in the past decade when you look at all Canadian households, not just families. (
  • The income gap among Japanese households has improved slightly from a record-high disparity, a government survey conducted in 2017 shows. (
  • A majority of elderly households live on pension income alone, a welfare ministry survey showed Tuesday. (
  • The share of elderly households who said pension or military pension benefits are their only source of income fell to 51.1 percent in 2018. (
  • Income gives households the power to spend and/or save. (
  • The land of retirement communities and hanging chad (2000 election joke) does not have a personal income tax. (
  • Despite strong economic growth since 2000, many low-income countries (LICs) still face numerous macroeconomic challenges, even prior to the COVID-19 pandemic. (
  • Despite the deceleration in real GDP growth during the 2008 global financial crisis, LICs on average saw 4.5 percent of real GDP growth during 2000 to 2014, making progress in economic convergence toward higher-income countries. (
  • Americans' incomes have dropped since 2000 and they aren't expected to make up the lost ground before 2021, according to economists in the latest Wall Street Journal forecasting survey. (
  • The company's largest tenants are as follows: Realty Income Corporation was founded in 1969 by William E. Clark and Evelyn J. Clark. (
  • The net income of fast-food operator Nathan's Famous Inc. slid 43 percent in its fiscal first quarter primarily because of higher costs in the Jericho-based company's international franchising program. (
  • Offering lifetime income can help you close gaps in your company's retirement plan and provide your employees with the peace of mind that they'll never outlive their retirement savings. (
  • After-tax operating income from the company's insurance operations fell 11 percent to $2.65 billion, while the combined ratio worsened to 101.2 from 97.3 in the same quarter of 2013. (
  • Passive income is money that comes to you even when you're not actively working, such as royalties, investment income, and revenue from automated business systems. (
  • Income inequality is an economic concept that tends to hit some segments of populations harder than others, with significant wage gaps often identified for women, African Americans, and Hispanics working in the U.S. According to a study of 2017 income numbers by the Institute for Women's Studies, women of all races and ethnicities were paid an average 81.8% of the salaries paid to men. (
  • Amsterdam, Brussels, Lisbon, London and Paris - 03 March 2017 - Euronext today announces the global expansion of its Joint Venture and a $10 million investment in a minority stake in leading fixed income technology provider, Algomi. (
  • Fiscal policy is seen as an instrument of public health , an argument that is reinforced by ideas, particularly associated with Richard Wilkinson, that income inequality, like air pollution or toxic radiation, is itself a health hazard. (
  • Fiscal policy is the primary tool for governments to affect income distribution. (
  • The company said it expects to post fiscal fourth-quarter net income of between $1.95 and $2.10 per share, while analysts expect a profit of $2.08 per share. (
  • Income is defined as household disposable income in a particular year. (
  • Urban disposable income in coastal cities is much higher than it is in the interior, and rural Chinese people, too, do better along the coast than they do in the interior. (
  • Median household income declines, while the poverty rate remains statistically unchanged. (
  • taken as half the median household income of the total population. (
  • Meanwhile, median household income fell slightly to $51,017 a year in 2012, down from $51,100 in 2011 -- a change the Census Bureau does not consider statistically significant. (
  • Americans were the richest in 1999, when median household income was $56,080, adjusted for inflation. (
  • As I noted here, just-released Census Bureau data show that real median household income declined slightly in 2014, while the poverty rate increased slightly. (
  • In September the Census Bureau issued its annual figures on income and poverty, and to nobody's surprise poverty rose and U.S. median income went down in 2002. (
  • Tax imposed on individuals or entities (taxpayers) that varies with respective income or profits (taxable income). (
  • Income tax generally is computed as the product of a tax rate times taxable income. (
  • The tax rate may increase as taxable income increases (referred to as graduated or progressive rates). (
  • Taxable income of taxpayers resident in the jurisdiction is generally total income less income producing expenses and other deductions. (
  • Is Unemployment Insurance Taxable Income? (
  • The theoretical generalization to more than one period is a multi-period wealth and income constraint. (
  • Survey and census questions cover poverty, income, and wealth. (
  • Income inequality is often accompanied by wealth inequality, which is the uneven distribution of wealth. (
  • Liberals see it as a way to redistribute wealth and empower groups like stay-at-home parents, whose work doesn't produce income-making them ineligible for unemployment benefits. (
  • The data only consider earned income and don't count returns from investments and other assets, which could further increase the wealth gap. (
  • Rather than an injustice story, it may be about the changing composition of who is in this group,' said Davies, an expert in income and wealth distribution. (
  • The study found that virtually nowhere in the United States do black boys grow up to earn incomes equivalent to white boys raised in the same neighborhoods by parents with comparable wealth and education levels. (
  • The missing data on family income and personal earnings in the 1999 NHIS were imputed using multiple-imputation methodology. (
  • For analyses involving other variables in addition to family income or personal earnings, each set of imputed values can be merged with other data from the 1999 NHIS to create a single completed data set. (
  • Income Protection Insurance helps support you financially if you have time off work and suffer a loss of earnings because of injury or illness. (
  • Since 1967, Americans right in the middle of the income curve have seen their earnings rise 19%, while those in the top 5% have seen a 67% gain. (
  • The Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003, gave MPs a special exemption from tax liabilities relating to their allowances. (
  • Reuters) - American International Group Inc ( AIG.N ) posted a 27 percent fall in quarterly income, hurt by a drop in earnings from premiums and higher disaster losses in its core property and casualty insurance business. (
  • According to calculations from the National Longitudinal Mortality Survey which tracks the mortality of people originally interviewed in the CPS and other surveys, people whose family income in 1980 was greater than $50,000, putting them in the top 5 percent of incomes, had a life-expectancy at all ages that was about 25 percent longer than those in the bottom 5 percent, whose family income was less than $5,000. (
  • Since 1980, the percentage of children living in families with medium income has fallen from 41% to 34% in 1996, while the percentage of children living in families with high income and the percentage of children in extreme poverty have risen, from 17% to 24% and from 7% to 8%, respectively. (
  • The study shows that the gap between ''haves'' and ''haves not'' widened between 1980 and 1986, with the difference in weekly incomes in north and south doubling from $:40, to $:80 ($145). (
  • Brad Thomas (2019-04-23). (
  • Drones Could Be Cheaper Alternative in Delivering Vaccines Unmanned aerial vehicles could also improve vaccination rates in low- and middle-income countries June 21, 2016 Unmanned drone delivery of vaccines may save money and improve vaccination rates in low- and. (
  • The vast majority of Canadian families - almost 80 per cent - are working more and earning less of the national economic pie than they did 30 years ago even as incomes of the richest families are soaring, says a new study to be released today. (
  • The report, titled 'The Rich and the Rest of Us,' shows that the richest 10 per cent of families with children - those with incomes more than $131,200 in 2004 - earned 82 times the amount earned by the poorest 10 per cent. (
  • In only a few clicks, you can see where you fit in your country's income distribution. (
  • China's top legislature on Saturday adopted a law amendment to raise the country's individual income tax threshold from 1,600 yuan a month to 2,000 yuan. (
  • Yeah, I didn't want to make the FPP into an essay about the government's hand being forced by some of the country's biggest companies planning on converting to income trusts and how the feds stand to lose millions of dollars in taxes once you total everything up. (
  • But for you non-Canucks, Telus and Bell, the country's telecom duopoly, were both planning on converting to income trusts which would have been been seen as the tipping point towards every company doing it to avoid taxes. (
  • Income inequality and income disparity segregations can be analyzed through a variety of segmentations. (
  • Segmentations of income disparity analysis are used for analyzing different types of income distributions. (
  • Income distributions by demographic segmentation form the basis for studying income inequality and income disparity. (
  • Income inequality studies help to show the disparity of incomes among different population segments. (
  • Case studies and analysis of income inequality, income disparity, and income distributions are provided regularly by a variety of top sources. (
  • There are several prominent case studies and analysis reports providing insight on income inequality, income disparity, and income distributions in the U.S. and across the world. (
  • Income disparity has varied however among workers ages 25 to 34. (
  • The data indicate that there has been an increase in income disparity among children. (
  • Clearly income disparity is ripping the nation apart, and none of the efforts or programs seeking to address it seems to be working. (
  • Additionally, net investment income does not include any gain on the sale of a personal residence that is excluded from gross income for regular income tax purposes. (
  • The Gini Index is a popular way to compare income inequalities universally across the globe. (
  • Data from the Pew Research Center also identifies income inequalities among men vs. women. (
  • This report provides new evidence on social mobility in the context of increased inequalities of income and opportunities in OECD and selected emerging economies. (
  • Even if economic policy has no direct effect on health, the positive correlation between health and economic status implies that social inequalities in wellbeing are wider than would be recognized by looking at income alone. (
  • As of the fourth quarter of 2019, the Federal Reserve showed the following distributions of income across the U.S. (
  • In accordance with SEA 565, DOR may provide customers or their legal representatives a statement of income tax withholding upon request, effective July 1, 2019. (
  • The tool is built using the most recent income data from the OECD Income Distribution Database . (
  • To benchmark and monitor income inequality and poverty across countries, the OECD relies on a dedicated statistical database: the OECD Income Distribution Database. (
  • The OECD Compare your income tool allows you to see whether your perception is in line with reality. (
  • In economics, "factor income" is the return accruing for a person, or a nation, derived from the "factors of production": rental income, wages generated by labor, the interest created by capital, and profits from entrepreneurial ventures. (
  • Basic income systems that are financed by the profits of publicly owned enterprises (often called social dividend , also known as citizen's dividend ) are major components in many proposed models of market socialism . (
  • Income of a corporation's shareholders usually includes distributions of profits from the corporation. (
  • The concept of taxing income is a modern innovation and presupposes several things: a money economy , reasonably accurate accounts , a common understanding of receipts, expenses and profits , and an orderly society with reliable records. (
  • In the year 10 AD, Emperor Wang Mang of the Xin Dynasty instituted an unprecedented income tax, at the rate of 10 percent of profits, for professionals and skilled labor. (
  • The government will put more effort into increasing farmers' incomes, focusing on the two parts," said Ma. (
  • Personal income for farmers fell by the most in three years in the first quarter, as losses to U.S. agriculture mount from President Donald Trump's trade wars. (
  • At Heifer International, we invest in farmers and business owners around the world, because we know that having a secure source of income can be truly transformational for families and their communities. (
  • We work with communities in 21 countries around the world as they strengthen local economies and build secure livelihoods that guarantee a living income to local farmers. (
  • When we start working with a community, together, we set a living income benchmark using data gathered by the farmers themselves. (
  • We work with farmers and their communities to identify opportunities within value chains that deliver living incomes. (
  • Between 2009 and 2015, the Economic Policy Institute shows that the incomes of those in the top 1% grew faster than the incomes of the other 99% in 43 states and Washington D.C. (
  • However, incomes for the bottom 10% grew much slower during the prosperous years and fell during economic downturns. (
  • In a recent working paper based on census data for the 100 most populous counties in the United States, Adam Seth Levine (a postdoctoral researcher in political science at Vanderbilt University), Oege Dijk (an economics Ph.D. student at the European University Institute) and I found that the counties where income inequality grew fastest also showed the biggest increases in symptoms of financial distress. (
  • But taking a wider view reveals a larger problem: Income has tumbled since the recession hit, and is still 8.3% below where it was in 2007. (
  • Net income is defined as the gross income minus taxes and other deductions (e.g., mandatory pension contributions), and is usually the basis to calculate how much income tax is owed. (
  • Net income nets out expenses: net income equals revenue minus cost of goods sold, expenses, depreciation, interest, and taxes. (
  • Most jurisdictions either do not tax income earned outside the jurisdiction or allow a credit for taxes paid to other jurisdictions on such income. (
  • One of the first recorded taxes on income was the Saladin tithe introduced by Henry II in 1188 to raise money for the Third Crusade . (
  • Having trouble filing your individual income taxes? (
  • If you are a senior or low-income customer looking for assistance in preparing your individual income taxes, there are organizations that can help. (
  • I just received a 1099 from the newspaper reporting my income for them for the year (they hadn't withheld any taxes throughout the year). (
  • You'll report this self-employed income on Schedule C when you file your 2005 taxes, or you can report it on the simpler Schedule C-EZ if you had business expenses of $5,000 or less, had no employees and aren't taking the home-office deduction. (
  • When you're considered your own boss, you have to pay both the employee's and the employer's share of your social security and medicare taxes on the freelance income, which adds an extra 7.65% to your tax bill. (
  • To calculate your DTI, divide your total recurring monthly debt (such as credit card payments, mortgage, and auto loan) by your gross monthly income (the total amount you make each month before taxes, withholdings, and expenses). (
  • Front-end DTIs examine only how much of your gross income goes toward housing costs, including mortgage payments, property taxes and homeowner's insurance. (
  • Personal income taxes are a huge source of revenue for governments globally, and the debate on taxes has been a hot-button issue in recent elections in the U.S. and Europe. (
  • It has no personal income or capital gains taxes. (
  • Instead of generating revenue from personal income, the country, which has the world's seventh-largest crude oil and natural gas reserves, is dependent on money from oil companies that pay up to 55 percent in corporate taxes. (
  • Although, there is no individual income or capital gains taxes in Oman, citizens must contribute 6.5 percent of their monthly salary for social security benefits. (
  • I would like to say that I regularly deduct my taxes on my salary income but I failed to file my income tax return due to unawareness. (
  • If an individual has too little withholding or fails to pay enough quarterly estimated taxes to also cover the Net Investment Income Tax, the individual may be subject to an estimated tax penalty. (
  • You may be subject to both taxes, but not on the same type of income. (
  • Are you ready to move to a new state to escape state income taxes? (
  • Deriving much of its budget from petroleum resources, Alaska is one of the few states without income and sales taxes. (
  • Florida is a haven for retirees looking for warm weather and no state income taxes. (
  • Nevada is without the corporate income and state income taxes. (
  • Mount Rushmore is in a South Dakota, another state with no income taxes. (
  • Residents of South Dakota will not have to pay personal income taxes at the state level. (
  • Many things are bigger in Texas, income taxes are not one of them. (
  • While Texas has a series of corporate income taxes, most revenue comes from sales and property taxes. (
  • Wyoming derives income from sales and property taxes, along with a variety of state fees. (
  • As someone born and raised in California, a state with high income taxes (up to 13.3%), big sales taxes (9.50% here in Los Angeles), and high real estate values but relatively low property taxes (thank to prop 13) , it made me realize how much more money I have to pay to live here compared to residents of other states. (
  • And, of course, low‐​income workers receive an array of Social Security and Medicare benefits loosely tied to their payment of payroll taxes). (
  • The IRS Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) and the Tax Counseling for the Elderly (TCE) programs offer free tax help for taxpayers who qualify. (
  • The Notre Dame Tax Clinic is a federally funded Low Income Taxpayer Clinic (LITC) that represents clients in controversies with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and educates individuals about their rights and responsibilities as taxpayers. (
  • Effective Jan. 1, 2013, individual taxpayers are liable for a 3.8 percent Net Investment Income Tax on the lesser of their net investment income, or the amount by which their modified adjusted gross income exceeds the statutory threshold amount based on their filing status. (
  • Data releases by the IRS attract much attention as pundits dig through to find out which types of taxpayers paid more or less income tax. (
  • Yet many economists are reluctant to confront rising income inequality directly, saying that whether this trend is good or bad requires a value judgment that is best left to philosophers. (
  • This long-term decline in income is troubling to economists, especially as the middle and lower classes have fared considerably worse than the rich. (
  • A survey last month of 50 leading Chinese economists showed the excessively wide income gap was the major problem that could affect healthy development of China's economy. (
  • Generally 10 percent of your discretionary income. (
  • Overall, 27.5 percent of city residents shell out half their income for rent, he said. (
  • But, there are some countries where you can be 100 percent certain that you don't have to pay income tax. (
  • With the world's sixth-largest oil reserves, Kuwait's petroleum accounts for nearly half its GDP, over 90 percent of export revenues and 80 percent of government income, according to OPEC. (
  • During the three decades after World War II, for example, incomes in the United States rose rapidly and at about the same rate almost 3 percent a year for people at all income levels. (
  • The 0.9 percent Additional Medicare Tax applies to individuals' wages, compensation, and self-employment income over certain thresholds, but it does not apply to income items included in Net Investment Income. (
  • EWING, N.J. (AP) -- Church & Dwight Co., which makes consumer products including Arm & Hammer and other cleaning products, said Thursday that its first-quarter net income rose 12 percent because of cost-cutting and strong sales in the U.S. (
  • Net income for the three months that ended March 31 rose 12 percent to $107.7 million, or 76 cents per share. (
  • Forty-three percent of Canadian consumers say they're financially stressed in the wake of the pandemic, and although they're saving a higher proportion of their income than in the past, only 22% are financially comfortable, according to the Canadian Payroll Association. (
  • NEW YORK (AP) - Signet Jewelers Ltd. said Tuesday its third-quarter net income jumped 34 percent, boosted by higher sales at its U.S. Kay jewelry stores and online. (
  • The bill that Mazzei stalled Tuesday, sponsored by Shannon and Bingman and endorsed by Gov. Mary Fallin, would slash the top income tax rate from 5.25 percent to 5 percent. (
  • Mazzei had a separate bill that would have cut the income tax rate even further, to 4.75 percent, but offset much of the lost revenue by eliminating dozens of income tax credits and deductions. (
  • Fallin last session proposed a bold initiative to slash Oklahoma's top income tax rate from 5.25 percent to 3.5 percent, reduce the number of income tax brackets from seven to three, and offset much of the lost revenue by eliminating various deductions and exemptions. (
  • AIG's net income fell 27 percent to $1.61 billion, or $1.09 per share, for the first quarter ended March 31, from $2.2 billion, or $1.49 per share, a year earlier. (
  • Earned income is income derived from active participation in a trade or business, including wages, salary, tips, commissions and bonuses. (
  • Did {you/you or OTHER FAMILY MEMBERS 16+} receive income in {LAST CALENDAR YEAR} from wages and salaries ? (
  • Net investment income generally does not include wages, unemployment compensation, Social Security Benefits, alimony, and most self-employment income. (
  • CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Business data for Realty Income Corporation: Google Finance Yahoo! (
  • These estimates are consistent with estimates from the individual data in the National Longitudinal Mortality Study (NLMS), and show much the same pattern over the life cycle, with income most highly protective against mortality in middle age, in the mid-40s for women and the mid-50s for men. (
  • In both cohort and individual data, income and education are protective when analyzed separately. (
  • He said data shows there are now more than 572,000 people in the city who have to shell out half their income on rental housing. (
  • Debt-to-Income Insight SM leverages the predictive power of Income Insight SM , Experian's premier income estimation model built using verified income data and market-leading credit attributes. (
  • Equifax Personal Income Model ™ predicts personal income levels with an easy-to-interpret, three-digit score to strengthen targeting, validate application data and improve segmenting. (
  • Using data from the 2011 China Statistical Yearbook, China-based blogger Matthew Hartzell created maps that show just how large the income gap is in the country. (
  • Signs of expansion of the income gap between China's urban and rural residents emerged Thursday amid the official data showing otherwise strong economic growth. (
  • The Joint Committee on Taxation recently released its own data on federal income tax payments, which is somewhat different. (
  • The study, based on Statistics Canada labour income data from 1976 to 2004, doesn't say why most families aren't sharing in the current economic boom, but it calls the trend 'unsustainable. (
  • A commonly used calculation suggests that labor shares of national income vary from about .05 to about .80 in international cross-section data. (
  • The income and outlays data are another handy way to gauge the strength of the consumer sector in this economy and where it is headed. (
  • For example, the same person can gain more productive skills or acquire more productive income-earning assets to earn a higher income. (
  • Many factors contribute to people having a higher income, including education, globalisation and favorable political circumstances such as economic freedom and peace. (
  • Developed countries (defined as countries with a "developed economy") have higher incomes as opposed to developing countries tending to have lower incomes. (
  • Some jurisdictions impose the higher of an income tax or a tax on an alternative base or measure of income. (
  • The less equal the distribution, the higher income inequality is. (
  • For the fourth quarter, net income attributable to our stockholders increased by $168.2 million, or 75% compared to the same period of 2011, principally reflecting higher fourth quarter refining margins. (
  • Increases in income also tend to lead to people choosing to work fewer hours. (
  • The AARP Foundation Tax-Aide program focuses on helping low- and moderate-income people, with special attention to those over age 60. (
  • Cities of LRNG aims to address the opportunity gap for low-income youth and youth of color in cities by supporting expanded access to out-of-school learning opportunities, using digital badges to recognize and connect the learning that occurs in and out of school, and building connections across local learning ecosystems to open up college and career pathways for disadvantaged young people. (
  • From 1940-1969, low-income people gradually moved from poorer metros to ones promising economic growth, bringing their talent to various industries and boosting their paychecks in the process. (
  • Many people assume it means a certain level of income, homeownership, and a steady income. (
  • The idea of UBI in fact is an old idea, older than me even: Either through direct cash payments or some sort of negative income tax , we should support people in need-or even everyone-to increase well-being and lift society overall. (
  • Young people continued to struggle last year, with those under the age of 35 seeing slight drops in income while those 35 and made some gains. (
  • Universal Credit has replaced Income Support for most people. (
  • Many people rely on your institutional expertise to make long-term income choices regardless of market conditions. (
  • What needs to happen now, everybody just needs to keep cool heads, not get frustrated, and continue the dialogue to develop and implement an income tax cut for all the people of Oklahoma. (
  • The child poverty rate provides important information about the percentage of U.S. children whose current life circumstances are hard and whose futures are potentially limited as a result of their family's low income. (
  • The main source for the compilation of statistics on income, social inclusion and living conditions is the EU-Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) instrument. (
  • One of the main reasons why income inequality hurts the economy is because it means much of the labor force cannot afford an education. (
  • The main reasons to establish multiple income streams are to stabilize your revenue and generate passive income. (
  • Section 292 of the Act states that no income tax liability arises from allowances paid to MPs for "additional expenses necessarily incurred by the Member in staying overnight away from the Member's only or main residence, for the purpose of performing parliamentary duties. (
  • The next questions are about {your/your combined family} income. (
  • For some, the study's breakdown of family income into 10 per cent groupings may yield some surprises, including that a household income of $131,000 counts as rich (top 10 per cent). (
  • Increases (decreases) in income and consumption cause bond prices to fall (rally). (
  • Usually, as real income increases, demand for the commodity will rise. (
  • If the demand for the commodity increases as money income falls, that commodity is known as an inferior good . (
  • also known as gross income). (
  • For a firm, gross income can be defined as sum of all revenue minus the cost of goods sold. (
  • Back-end DTIs compare gross income to all monthly debt payments, including housing, credit cards, automobile loans, student loans and any other type of debt. (
  • To the extent the gain is excluded from gross income for regular income tax purposes, it is not subject to the Net Investment Income Tax . (
  • [3] The tithe demanded that each layperson in England and Wales be taxed one tenth of their personal income and moveable property. (
  • It covers the aspects of both, social mobility between parents and children and of personal income mobility over the life course, and their drivers. (
  • Personal Income Model helps any industry by providing in-depth income insights to identify the best places to deploy key resources. (
  • Personal Income Model delivers an expanded consumer view into personal income to strengthen decisioning, improve account management efficiency and open new routes to build greater revenue. (
  • So, which countries have no personal income tax? (
  • Personal contributions for social insurance are subtracted from personal income. (
  • In the past twenty years, the personal saving rate has diminished rapidly as consumers have spent a greater and greater share of their income. (
  • The determining factor in the size of the income effect, is the proportion of the total money income that is spent on the commodity in question. (
  • When combined with the substitution effect it is possible to use income effect to calculate the complete effect of a price change on the demand for a commodity. (
  • It is equivalent to some change in income with all prices remaining constant. (
  • In 1996, 8% of all children lived in families with incomes less than half the poverty level, or $8,018 a year for a family of four, while 31% of children lived in families with incomes less than 150% of the poverty level, or $24,054 a year for a family of four. (
  • 1996-08-11T18:50:00-04:00 Rep. Sabo and Mr. Hinderaker debated whether U.S. incomes have become more unequal in recent years. (
  • Our empirical application shows that the pattern of income growth in Britain over the period 1992-1996 was less pro-poor than that for 1998-2002 and not significantly different from the pattern for 2001-2005. (
  • Raising the threshold of individual income tax collection from 1,600 yuan to 2,000 yuan means a reduction of 30 billion yuan in state revenue a year, according to official statistics. (
  • The individual income tax cutoff point was raised from 800 yuan a month to 1,600 yuan starting in 2006. (
  • Full income" refers to the accumulation of both the monetary and the non-monetary consumption-ability of any given entity, such as a person or a household. (
  • Indy Free Tax Prep is a network of Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) sites provide through the United Way of Central Indiana that offer free tax preparation to individuals and families with a combined household income of $64,000 or less. (
  • The household income of the household to which the young adult belonged before moving from the Caribbean Netherlands to the European Netherlands. (
  • common concepts (household and income) and classifications aimed at maximising comparability of the information produced. (
  • After China introduced the household contract responsibility system to countryside in 1978, rural residents at first saw their incomes grow faster. (
  • So, if your income stops due to a disabling injury or illness, how will you pay your mortgage, your household bills, and the everyday living expenses for you and your family? (
  • Americans frequently move up or down in income rankings. (
  • We develop methods for describing distributions of income growth across individuals and for comparing changes in growth distributions over time. (
  • Your debt-to-income ratio (DTI) compares the total amount you owe every month to the total amount you earn. (
  • Lenders may consider your debt-to-income ratio in tandem with credit reports and credit scores when weighing credit applications. (
  • What's a Good Debt-to-Income Ratio? (
  • When you're applying for a mortgage, improving your debt-to-income ratio can make a difference in how lenders view you. (
  • Determine a customer's overall creditworthiness by accessing a debt-to-income ratio based on the outstanding debt obligations from their credit report as compared to their estimated income. (
  • Knowing a customer's debt-to-income ratio is critical to your ability to make profitable decisions. (
  • Amended Individual Income Tax Return - click here and select Individual Income Tax Forms from the list to get the most current Form IT-40X. (
  • Deductions typically include all income producing or business expenses including an allowance for recovery of costs of business assets. (
  • any family members 16 and older} receive income in {LAST CALENDAR YEAR} from self- employment including business and farm income? (
  • Group Income Protection allows employers to choose a policy that fits their business needs and budget. (
  • What determines whether a pass-through firm will be entitled to a 20% on qualified business income under the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act? (
  • Diversification with multiple income streams can be the key to enhance revenue stability for your business. (
  • This passive income fulfills the common definition of entrepreneurship, which involves building a business bigger than yourself or your hours worked. (
  • It does not tax the income of its residents nor does it tax the corporate income of Wyoming business owners. (
  • The Pew Research Center shows that the gender income inequality gap has been narrowing for all workers age 16+ with women reportedly making 85% of the average salaries for men. (
  • Enabling direct deposit setup boosts FIs' opportunity to become the destination for customers' steady income, including salaries and Social Security payments, which in turn allows them to monetize their products and achieve primary bank status. (
  • 27 Realty Income employees have shared their salaries on Glassdoor. (
  • In the field of public economics, the concept may comprise the accumulation of both monetary and non-monetary consumption ability, with the former (monetary) being used as a proxy for total income. (
  • Assessing individual income growth ," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 66995, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library. (
  • Assessing Individual Income Growth ," Economica , London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 83(332), pages 679-703, October. (
  • Trends in Income Inequality, Pro-Poor Income Growth and Income Mobility ," IZA Discussion Papers 904, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). (
  • Getting Income Shares Right ," Department of Economics Working Papers 2001-11, Department of Economics, Williams College. (
  • The phrase "social dividend" was commonly used as a synonym for basic income in the English-speaking world before 1986, after which the phrase "basic income" gained widespread currency. (
  • When answering the next questions about different kinds of income members of your family might have received in {LAST CALENDAR YEAR}, please consider that we also want to know about family members less than 16 years old. (
  • Even real estate investment trusts, a favored high-income vehicle to park in retirement accounts, pay out only 3.5%, after the enormous run-up in REIT stock prices over the past seven years. (
  • Fixed income was a sleepy backwater until about 30 years ago, and if we had any brains we'd apply a massive dose of regulatory narcotics to make it that way again. (
  • I myself have been, for the past couple of years, engaged in a broad discussion about the future of work with some thoughtful tech leaders and representatives of the Catholic Church who have similar concerns, and the notion of a universal basic income (UBI) keeps coming up. (
  • Rep. Sabo and Mr. Hinderaker debated whether U.S. incomes have become more unequal in recent years. (
  • Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue telling the virtual convention of the National Association of Farm Broadcasting that the farm income picture is much brighter than it was just a few years ago. (
  • Basically, the overall economy has grown considerably over the past 30 years, generating lots of additional income. (
  • The high-income threshold is 16 thousand US dollars for Bonaire and 18 thousand US dollars for St Eustatius. (
  • There were similar percentages of children living with low income and with high income, 23% and 24%, respectively. (
  • According to what the economist Nicholas Barr describes as the "classical definition of income" (the 1938 Haig-Simons definition): "income may be defined as the. (
  • Charles River sees 2006 per-share income of $1.95 to $2.01, with pro forma results of $2.46 to $2.52. (