Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Health Status Indicators: The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Status Disparities: Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Health: The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Primary Health Care: Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)Insurance, Health: Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.Health Planning: Planning for needed health and/or welfare services and facilities.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Quality of Health Care: The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Quality of Life: A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.Health Expenditures: The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Public Health Administration: Management of public health organizations or agencies.Urban Health: The status of health in urban populations.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.National Health Programs: Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Health Care Rationing: Planning for the equitable allocation, apportionment, or distribution of available health resources.Health Priorities: Preferentially rated health-related activities or functions to be used in establishing health planning goals. This may refer specifically to PL93-641.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Health Literacy: Degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Delivery of Health Care, Integrated: A health care system which combines physicians, hospitals, and other medical services with a health plan to provide the complete spectrum of medical care for its customers. In a fully integrated system, the three key elements - physicians, hospital, and health plan membership - are in balance in terms of matching medical resources with the needs of purchasers and patients. (Coddington et al., Integrated Health Care: Reorganizing the Physician, Hospital and Health Plan Relationship, 1994, p7)Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.World Health Organization: A specialized agency of the United Nations designed as a coordinating authority on international health work; its aim is to promote the attainment of the highest possible level of health by all peoples.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Community Health Planning: Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)Health Care Sector: Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)United StatesPoverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Preventive Health Services: Services designed for HEALTH PROMOTION and prevention of disease.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Health Resources: Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.Health Facilities: Institutions which provide medical or health-related services.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Health Manpower: The availability of HEALTH PERSONNEL. It includes the demand and recruitment of both professional and allied health personnel, their present and future supply and distribution, and their assignment and utilization.Health Services for the Aged: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.Quality Assurance, Health Care: Activities and programs intended to assure or improve the quality of care in either a defined medical setting or a program. The concept includes the assessment or evaluation of the quality of care; identification of problems or shortcomings in the delivery of care; designing activities to overcome these deficiencies; and follow-up monitoring to ensure effectiveness of corrective steps.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Community Health Centers: Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Regional Health Planning: Planning for health resources at a regional or multi-state level.Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Healthcare Disparities: Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.Multivariate Analysis: A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Population Surveillance: Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.Sickness Impact Profile: A quality-of-life scale developed in the United States in 1972 as a measure of health status or dysfunction generated by a disease. It is a behaviorally based questionnaire for patients and addresses activities such as sleep and rest, mobility, recreation, home management, emotional behavior, social interaction, and the like. It measures the patient's perceived health status and is sensitive enough to detect changes or differences in health status occurring over time or between groups. (From Medical Care, vol.xix, no.8, August 1981, p.787-805)Health Benefit Plans, Employee: Health insurance plans for employees, and generally including their dependents, usually on a cost-sharing basis with the employer paying a percentage of the premium.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Self Report: Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Insurance Coverage: Generally refers to the amount of protection available and the kind of loss which would be paid for under an insurance contract with an insurer. (Slee & Slee, Health Care Terms, 2d ed)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Great BritainSocial Support: Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Status Epilepticus: A prolonged seizure or seizures repeated frequently enough to prevent recovery between episodes occurring over a period of 20-30 minutes. The most common subtype is generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus, a potentially fatal condition associated with neuronal injury and respiratory and metabolic dysfunction. Nonconvulsive forms include petit mal status and complex partial status, which may manifest as behavioral disturbances. Simple partial status epilepticus consists of persistent motor, sensory, or autonomic seizures that do not impair cognition (see also EPILEPSIA PARTIALIS CONTINUA). Subclinical status epilepticus generally refers to seizures occurring in an unresponsive or comatose individual in the absence of overt signs of seizure activity. (From N Engl J Med 1998 Apr 2;338(14):970-6; Neurologia 1997 Dec;12 Suppl 6:25-30)State Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care): Evaluation procedures that focus on both the outcome or status (OUTCOMES ASSESSMENT) of the patient at the end of an episode of care - presence of symptoms, level of activity, and mortality; and the process (ASSESSMENT, PROCESS) - what is done for the patient diagnostically and therapeutically.Occupational Health Services: Health services for employees, usually provided by the employer at the place of work.Health Maintenance Organizations: Organized systems for providing comprehensive prepaid health care that have five basic attributes: (1) provide care in a defined geographic area; (2) provide or ensure delivery of an agreed-upon set of basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services; (3) provide care to a voluntarily enrolled group of persons; (4) require their enrollees to use the services of designated providers; and (5) receive reimbursement through a predetermined, fixed, periodic prepayment made by the enrollee without regard to the degree of services provided. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Depression: Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.Morbidity: The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Netherlands: Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.Psychometrics: Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Reproductive Health: The physical condition of human reproductive systems.Electronic Health Records: Media that facilitate transportability of pertinent information concerning patient's illness across varied providers and geographic locations. Some versions include direct linkages to online consumer health information that is relevant to the health conditions and treatments related to a specific patient.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.Social Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Medically Uninsured: Individuals or groups with no or inadequate health insurance coverage. Those falling into this category usually comprise three primary groups: the medically indigent (MEDICAL INDIGENCY); those whose clinical condition makes them medically uninsurable; and the working uninsured.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Diagnostic Self Evaluation: A self-evaluation of health status.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Catchment Area (Health): A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution.Urban Health Services: Health services, public or private, in urban areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive: A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Public Health Informatics: The systematic application of information and computer sciences to public health practice, research, and learning.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Comorbidity: The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Tooth DiseasesHealth Planning Guidelines: Recommendations for directing health planning functions and policies. These may be mandated by PL93-641 and issued by the Department of Health and Human Services for use by state and local planning agencies.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Cost of Illness: The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Geriatric Assessment: Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.Adolescent Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to adolescents, ages ranging from 13 through 18 years.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Vulnerable Populations: Groups of persons whose range of options is severely limited, who are frequently subjected to COERCION in their DECISION MAKING, or who may be compromised in their ability to give INFORMED CONSENT.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Disabled Persons: Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.EnglandLife Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Health Services Administration: The organization and administration of health services dedicated to the delivery of health care.Consumer Participation: Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.Health Transition: Demographic and epidemiologic changes that have occurred in the last five decades in many developing countries and that are characterized by major growth in the number and proportion of middle-aged and elderly persons and in the frequency of the diseases that occur in these age groups. The health transition is the result of efforts to improve maternal and child health via primary care and outreach services and such efforts have been responsible for a decrease in the birth rate; reduced maternal mortality; improved preventive services; reduced infant mortality, and the increased life expectancy that defines the transition. (From Ann Intern Med 1992 Mar 15;116(6):499-504)Qualitative Research: Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Comprehensive Health Care: Providing for the full range of personal health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up and rehabilitation of patients.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Health Plan Implementation: Those actions designed to carry out recommendations pertaining to health plans or programs.Universal Coverage: Health insurance coverage for all persons in a state or country, rather than for some subset of the population. It may extend to the unemployed as well as to the employed; to aliens as well as to citizens; for pre-existing conditions as well as for current illnesses; for mental as well as for physical conditions.BrazilEmigrants and Immigrants: People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Health Fairs: Community health education events focused on prevention of disease and promotion of health through audiovisual exhibits.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Poverty Areas: City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Transients and Migrants: People who frequently change their place of residence.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Health Care Coalitions: Voluntary groups of people representing diverse interests in the community such as hospitals, businesses, physicians, and insurers, with the principal objective to improve health care cost effectiveness.Gypsies: Ethnic group originating in India and entering Europe in the 14th or 15th century.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Cost-Benefit Analysis: A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.Continental Population Groups: Groups of individuals whose putative ancestry is from native continental populations based on similarities in physical appearance.Health Records, Personal: Longitudinal patient-maintained records of individual health history and tools that allow individual control of access.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.IndiaRefugees: Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Ontario: A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Managed Care Programs: Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Holland, Earle (2001). "Hypnosis may prevent weakened immune status, improve health". Ohio State University Research News. ... When this practice is mastered, it can improve concentration, recall, enhance problem solving, alleviate headaches and even ... improve one's control of emotions. Self-hypnosis requires four distinct steps. Motivation. Without proper motivation, an ...
Improving women's health and social status is one way to ameliorate infant mortality. Status should rise for females seeking ... Increasing human resources such as physicians, nurses, and other health professionals will increase the number of skilled ... Dillard, Coshandra (August 21, 2016). "Surviving, thriving:Public health workers working to improve East Texas babies' health, ... Overall, women's health status need to remain high. Simple behavioral changes, such as hand washing with soap, can ...
Potential for Improving Medication Safety" (PDF). Final Report #8. Upper Midwest Rural Health Research Center. Rathke, Ann (23- ... Pharmacy and Pharmacology portal Angaran, DM (15 Jul 1999). "Telemedicine and Telepharmacy: Current Status and Future ... The Community Health Association of Spokane, a network of community health centers in Spokane, Washington, started a ... "Virtual pharmacists provide long-distance care". Health Technology Update. Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health ...
Morse, Barbara (1997). Screening for Substance Abuse During Pregnancy: Improving Care, Improving Health (PDF). pp. 4-5. ISBN 1- ... Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 34: 752-756. doi:10.3109/01612840.2013.809830. PMID 24066651. Global Status Report on Alcohol ... The percentage change in Health and POS expenditures due to a one percent increase in GDP (the income elasticity of demand) was ... The Health Officers Council of British Columbia - in their 2005 policy discussion paper, A Public Health Approach to Drug ...
... therefore supports programmes to improve the status of women. Population Matters embraces the Sustainable ... Women's empowerment and gender equality are essential for reproductive health, economic development and population ... Population growth increases the number of wealthy carbon emitters and poorer climate change victims and hampers mitigation and ... Population Matters rejects the case that more young people are required to care for an increasing number of elderly. It ...
noted improved intake and subsequently better growth rates. The health status of young calves is one of the most important ... Therefore, a number of trials have been carried out to explore the efficacy of MOS in improving gut health in dogs. To reduce ... Several studies have looked at supplementing sow diets with MOS with the aim of improving the health of the sows. A healthy sow ... MOS as a natural nutritional supplement offers a novel approach to support the microflora and thus improve overall health and ...
Referring to the physical health status, the caregivers were only little impaired. But referring to the psychological health ... The regional availability of support services should be made increased. Case management services should increase the ... Differences between caregivers and noncaregivers in psychological health and physical health: A meta-analysis. In: Psychology ... Studies found an increased mortality of caregiving spouses. This effect was only found for spouses who felt burdened due to the ...
Esparza believed in social reform and worked particularly to improve public health. On his farm all water was boiled and stored ... Esparza used his semi-official status as a government member to further his social projects. ...
Tanaka, Shinsuke (March 6, 2015). "Does Abolishing User Fees Lead to Improved Health Status? Evidence from Post-apartheid South ... Journal of Health Economics. 42 (July 2015): 90-103. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2015.02.004. ...
Increase the basic teacher's salary to $3,000 per month. Universal healthcare through the National Health Plan. Merge the House ... Change the status of Puerto Rico to that of a Freely Associated State. The PIP cause receives moral support by international ... This is why the PNP and PPD believed the tax increase would exacerbate the problems The flag's green color stands for the hope ... Cruz, José A.; "Puerto Rico's crisis highlights its colonial status"; People's Weekly World. (National Edition). New York: Jun ...
... concentrations increase drastically in the presence of an infection or cancer. Endotoxins are an up-regulator of the ... Kennedy A, Kohn M, Lammi A, Clarke S (August 2004). "Iron status and haematological changes in adolescent female inpatients ... with anorexia nervosa". Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. 40 (8): 430-2. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2004.00432.x. PMID ... The concentration of ferritin has been shown to increase in response to stresses such as anoxia; this implies that it is an ...
This program planned to incorporate educational programs that would teach residents how to improve their health, education, and ... economic status. Another goal was improving the resident's access to services. In this model the program would give the ... Thus, rather than improving the area, the government aimed to create entirely new homes for the urban poor. This idea of ... The great increase in population has had tremendous implications in the urban ecology in the developing world. The major effect ...
His health seemed to improve, and he spent the summer in high spirits. In the fall of 1888, his writings and letters began to ... reveal a higher estimation of his own status and "fate". He overestimated the increasing response to his writings, however, ... He resigned in 1879 due to health problems that plagued him most of his life, and he completed much of his core writing in the ... To be "good" was to be happy and to have the things related to happiness: wealth, strength, health, power, etc. To be "bad" was ...
Good oral health status and motivation of patient to maintain oral health. Periodontal status of remaining dentition at a ... Increased risk of caries due to increased difficulty in maintaining oral hygiene around the bridgework. Increased risk of loss ... Tooth mobility increases risk of de-bonding. Malaligned teeth resulting in poor aesthetics and common path of insertion. ... These include size of potential abutment tooth, with larger teeth having an increased surface area preferable for retention, ...
It was popularized in the Georgian SSR as a health resort with the options of climatotherapy and sulphuric springs. As of the ... Under the Soviet rule, Makhinjauri was granted the status of an urban-type settlement (Georgian: daba) in 1959. ... Starting from 2006, Makhinjauri saw its infrastructure improved and modernized. Some of the important projects were a new ...
"Independent Review Of Social And Population Variation In Mental Health Could Improve Diagnosis In DSM Revisions"." Health ... 2011; doi: 10.1093/ije/dyr193 2011 King, Marissa D. and Peter S. Bearman*. "Socioeconomic Status and the Increased Prevalence ... "Estimating Autism Risk in a Time of Increasing Reproductive Age" American Journal of Public Health. 99(9):1673-1679. Parigi, ... "Connections Count: Adolescent Health and the Design of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health." [1] "Book of ...
The study was to make recommendations for the improvement of the workers' health status. In 2013, then Chief of Army Staff ... This was to increase the hospital capacity to 2500 beds. It was also stated, at the time, the hospital would be able to treat ... In 2005, a study was conducted which aimed to identify the health hazards posed by the hospital wastes to the sanitary workers ... Retrieved 5 September 2017 Health Hazards of Hospital Waste to Sanitary Workers at Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, ...
Both are exaggerated over time and both increase with status. Both are supported and transmitted by women, are performed on ... In 1977 Edna Adan Ismail, who worked at the time for the Somalia Ministry of Health, raised the health consequences of FGM with ... WHO Guidelines on the Management of Health Complications from Female Genital Mutilation, Geneva: World Health Organization, ... 1999 FGM harms women's physical and emotional health throughout their lives. It has no known health benefits. The short-term ...
By 2016, the population had increased slightly to 13,130. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, 6.9% of the ... health care and social assistance (715 workers) and; construction (500 workers). Other industries in the region employing more ... population have immigrant status. The most common countries immigrants come from are the Netherlands (30%) followed by the ... increase from the 2006 population of 12,254. Children aged 9 and under account for approximately 13.4% of the population, while ...
Public Health Act founded the Department of Public Health in 1901. The Nurses' Registration Act (1901) provided for a course of ... The old age pension was increased (1905) to compensate pensioners for an increase in the cost of living. Means testing of ... Passed a resolution declaring New Zealand the Dominion of New Zealand in 1907, formally ending colonial status. Granted women's ... Increased funds were allocated to education. Many new schools were built each year, while the number of teachers grew more ...
Lessons were confined to the mornings and girls' health greatly improved. Miss Ramsey became headmistress in 1922 until 1946. ... She stayed for thirteen years and oversaw some major changes both to the status of the school but also its physical development ... The school continued to grow and the waiting list ever increased. Walthamstow was no longer a country village as the railway ... One of the major benefits for these improved facilities was the development of the curriculum. Computer Studies became a firm ...
Help it to improve still more." Sanders was in charge when Plymouth achieved city status in 1928, and accordingly the Plymouth ... In July 1929, Sanders tendered his resignation to the Police Watch Committee, citing his wife's failing health as the reason ... He was a self-proclaimed philanthropist, and showed great interest in improving the lives of the poor and distressed, something ...
... but too unimportant to warrant a separate article status. Subarticle 1 imposes a duty upon government to improve public health ... Health, housing, culture and recreation (Article 22). This is a wastebasket article combining rights that were too important to ... Delegation is allowed but only to protect public health, for traffic concerns and to prevent public disorder. Right to privacy ... status. Chapter 4 covers certain other High Councils of State apart from parliament. The most important of these is the Council ...
"Producing selenium-enriched eggs and meat to improve the selenium status of the general population". Crit Rev Biotech. 29: 18- ... Selenium: Its molecular biology and role in human health, 2nd ed. New York: Springer, 2006: 249-264. Beck M. Selenium and viral ... Selenium status diminishes with HIV disease progression; low selenium status has been shown to be a predictor of HIV-related ... Findings of increased viral virulence in selenium-deficient hosts support the need for further investigation into the ...
Improve the developed state; - Strengthen the state of the city state; and - Improve the status of sustainable countries ... Environmental Health vii. Water Seven (7) of these major sectors are divided into 21 sub-fields and 170 measuring indicators to ... sustainable and urban status by measuring 32 OECD and MURNInet indicators. The achievement of the status gives unique and ...
url-status=. (帮助) *^ Yi, John S.; Cox, Maureen A.; Zajac, Allan J. T-cell exhaustion: characteristics, causes and conversion. ... Anti-PD-L1 peptide improves survival in sepsis. The Journal of Surgical Research. February 2017, 208: 33-39. PMC 5535083. PMID ... Immunobiology: the immune system in health and disease 5th ed. New York: Garland Pub. 2001. ISBN 978-0-8153-3642-6. OCLC ... The late phase of sepsis is characterized by an increased microbiological burden and death rate. Critical Care. July 2011, 15 ( ...
... of pediatric patients was associated with decreased needs reported by the families and improved overall child health status, ... Intervention to address family social needs improves overall health status of pediatric patients. *Download PDF Copy ... Posted in: Child Health News , Medical Research News , Healthcare News. Tags: Child Care, Child Health, Children, Health Care, ... While more work documenting health and health care use effects of social determinants of health interventions is needed to ...
... determine whether a symptom and psychosocial collaborative care intervention would improve heart failure-specific health status ... Collaborative Care Intervention Did Not Improve Health Status of Patients With Heart Failure. ... and safety-net health systems in Colorado among outpatients with symptomatic heart failure and reduced health status. Patients ... Effect of a collaborative care intervention vs usual care on health status of patients with chronic heart failure. JAMA Intern ...
... patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction receiving sacubitril/valsartan had improved quality of life and less frequent ... "Health status as defined by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire is a really important patient-centered outcome, but is ... "Health status as defined by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire is a really important patient-centered outcome, but is ... "We were interested in the association of use of this medication with patients health status in real-world clinical practice. ...
Delaying retirement improves retirement preparedness, but older workers cannot work longer if employers do not hire or retain ... Evidence from Health Insurance Premium Restrictions. CRR WP No. 2016-17 ... Would Reducing the Price of Employing an Older Worker Improve Labor Market Outcomes by Socioeconomic Status? ... Would Reducing the Price of Employing an Older Worker Improve Labor Market Outcomes by Socioeconomic Status? Evidence from ...
Figure 4: Endurance swimming performance (a) and repeated swimming sprint time (b) before and after 15 wks with thrice-weekly training sessions with high-intensity swimming (HIT) and moderate-intensity swimming (MOD) in comparison to an inactive control group (CON). Data are presented as means ± SEM ...
Therefore, quality of health care in urban areas should be more widely disseminated in rural areas to improve the health status ... Does rural to urban migration improve Indian womens health status and knowledge of AIDS. ... We found stream of migration and duration of migration plays a key role in health, morbidity condition and knowledge of AIDS ... The present paper explores the effect of patterns and duration of migration upon health and morbidity condition of women and ...
... the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin was associated with clinically meaningful improvements in HF-related health status or N- ... The second primary endpoint was percentage of patients with at least a 5-point increase in HF-specific health status on the ... "No prior trials have focused specifically on the early effects of SGLT2 inhibitors on health status and natriuretic peptides," ... complementing the DAPA-HF results that the patients not only live longer but with better health status. The KCCQ results were ...
And by ages 24 and 27 they are above the median in socio-economic status and education and they are having fewer mental health ... young adults reported better mental health, sexual health and higher educational and economic achievement than a control group ... "We have documented long-term effects on economic, sexual and mental health from ensuring that urban teachers have the tools to ... This is particularly true of mental health, where at both ages those who received the full intervention during the elementary ...
Improving the Health Status of Vulnerable Communities Threatened by Legacy or Artisanal Pollution. TA Completion Reports , ... Technical Assistance ReportsImproving the Health Status of Vulnerable Communities Threatened by Legacy or Artisanal Pollution ...
... before the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources to address the question of how to improve the health care status of ... mental health, and substance abuse. Each witness addressed the following four questions: (1) What are the health-related needs ... Specific child health issues addressed by a variety of witnesses included pediatric illness, children not covered by health ... How can we better address childrens health needs through improvements to federally-funded public health programs?; (3) How ...
... with an increase in the number of seniors with decay, according to a September 2019 report by the Centers for Disease Control ... have made substantial oral health gains in recent years while the prevalence of dental disease in adults has remained fairly ... Health. Antibiotic ResistanceBiomedical ResearchDental CampaignDrug SafetyHealth Care ProductsHealth ImpactHealth Information ... Oral Health Status Has Improved for Children, but Some Gaps in Treatment Access Persist Mixture of gains and losses in disease ...
Emory Partners with Hispanic Health Coalition to Improve Health Status of Georgia Latinos. ... In light of these population increases, gaps in medical insurance and other health concerns, Emory Universitys Urban Health ... Environmental Health*Health Informatics*Legal and Regulatory*Life style and Fitness*Medical Breakthroughs*Public Health and ... Oral and Dental Health*Palliative Care*Pregnancy and Childbirth*Breast Feeding. *Sexual Health*Skin, Hair and Nails*Sports ...
CHEST 2014: Portable Ventilator Improves Health Status. Nov 3, 2014 , Articles , 0 , ... The Particulars: A portable noninvasive open ventilation system has been shown in previous research to significantly improve ... symptoms of respiratory insufficiency appear to obtain significant improvements in respiratory symptoms and health status after ...
US envoy calls for investment in girls to improve Malawi economic and public health status. September 14, 2018 Judith Moyo - ... US Ambassador to Malawi, Virginia Palmer has said for Malawi to improve its economic and public health status, her government ... Msaka said to enhance good learning and teaching environment, government would increase teaching and learning materials in all ... Palmer said inveting in girl-chuld education pays dividens in health because there is less malaria and HIV. ...
Weight loss in obese patients with asthma improved lung function and health status ... Weight loss in obese patients with asthma improved lung function and health status ...
This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Well assume youre ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Your ... "We are encouraged by her progress and she continues to improve and get stronger each day," the statement said. ... Home Entertainment Joni Mitchells health status improved. Joni Mitchells health status improved. *Entertainment ...
Using patient-reported health status to improve prognostic assessment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: current ... Using patient-reported health status to improve prognostic assessment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: current ... Using patient-reported health status to improve prognostic assessment in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: current ... Health Outcomes Research Unit, Italian Group for Adult Hematologic Diseases (GIMEMA) Data Center, Rome ...
Weight loss in obese patients with asthma improved lung function and health status ... Weight loss in obese patients with asthma improved lung function and health status ... We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our content and advertising to you. More info. You can manage your cookie ...
QVA149 improved lung function, health status and was safe and well tolerated in Japanese patients with COPD. ... QVA149 once-daily is safe and well tolerated and improves lung function and health status in Japanese patients with COPD: The ... QVA149 once-daily is safe and well tolerated and improves lung function and health status in Japanese patients with COPD: The ... QVA149 once-daily is safe and well tolerated and improves lung function and health status in Japanese patients with COPD: The ...
Increased use of sDMARDs and bDMARDs coincides with the improved health status, but our study was not designed to show a causal ... Health status has improved more in women than in men with rheumatoid arthritis from 1994 to 2009: results from the Oslo ... Health status has improved more in women than in men with rheumatoid arthritis from 1994 to 2009: results from the Oslo ... The present study in a representative RA population shows that health status continues to improve over 15 years (table 2 and ...
Health behaviors, health status, and health service utilization, as determined by mailed, self-administered questionnaires, ... This study evaluated the effectiveness (changes in health behaviors, health status, and health service utilization) of a self- ... was feasible and beneficial beyond usual care in terms of improved health behaviors and health status. It also resulted in ... Evidence Suggesting That a Chronic Disease Self-Management Program Can Improve Health Status While Reducing Hospitalization: A ...
... sexual reproductive health, family planning and the nutritional status of communities living in Kisumu County ... to improve maternal and child health, sexual reproductive health, family planning and the nutritional status of communities ... to demand accountability and quality health services and to take up health conducive practices. Furthermore, non-state and ... child health, family planning, sexual & reproductive health and nutrition. ...
... to develop appropriate health education and promotion interventions and increase the... ... Improving Maternal Health Status in Indigenous Communities of Panama: Community-Based Participatory Research and Interventions ... Calvo A., Rebollón A. (2018) Improving Maternal Health Status in Indigenous Communities of Panama: Community-Based ... Leveraging health information exchange to improve population health reporting processes: lessons in using a collaborative- ...
Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged ... Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged ... Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged ... Lower reported nutritional status is associated with increased risk to physical and mental health and well-being in School-aged ...
Living Well With a Disability Health Promotion Intervention: Improved Health Status for Consumers and Lower Costs for Health ... CONCLUSIONS: Health promotion interventions can increase quality of life while helping to control health care costs. ... American Association on Health and Disability. 110 N. Washington Street, Suite 407. Rockville, MD 20850. Phone: (301) 545-6140 ... Overall cost savings of $807 per person (total for sample = $151,716) projected from reductions in health care utilization of ...
  • The project team consists of a partnership of a Canadian and Congolese research team supported by additional international researchers and practitioners with strong multidisciplinary expertise in health systems, epidemiology, data science, anthropology, and public health, as well as substantial experience with Ebola developed during the 2014-2016 outbreak in West Africa. (
  • As we come to the end of the year, many people are becoming more and more health conscious, focused on looking forward to 2016 and making resolutions to exercise more, eat healthier and get more rest. (
  • Magnet and its effects on Nursing Practice According to the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), there are 426 hospitals that have achieved Magnet status (ANCC, 2016). (
  • La Quinta Roberts Kaplan University NU499 Bachelor's Capstone in Nursing Natasha Zurcher, MSN/ED, RN, CPN April 6, 2014 Abstract The global nursing shortage has prompted health care systems to seek new strategies to attract and retain nurses. (
  • And by ages 24 and 27 they are above the median in socio-economic status and education and they are having fewer mental health and sexual health problems. (
  • Although socio-economic status is known to influence health, strong evidence of the association between economic vulnerability in childhood and the health of older adults was still missing. (
  • Moreover, this risk is not offset by an improvement in their socio-economic status as adults, which proves that the first years of life are, indeed, critical. (
  • Social epidemiology studies often point to the indirect effects of social determinants of health: behaviours, for example, are not the same according to socio-economic status . (
  • Objective: We examine socio-economic status (SES) and geographic differences in willingness of respondents to pay for community-based health insurance (CBHI). (
  • Dr. Scott Tomar, director of institutional analysis and evaluation at the University of Florida College of Dentistry, conducted this analysis and used data from the CDC report to identify whether relative disparities for children and adults increased or decreased between different income and race/ethnicity groups over two time periods: 1999-2004 and 2011-16. (
  • Of Tomar's 48 comparisons between groups defined by race/ethnicity or poverty status, the disparities gap narrowed over time for 42 percent of them, widened for 37 percent, and stayed the same for 21 percent. (
  • What remained constant between the two time periods were the persistent disparities in oral health status between white and other racial/ethnic groups and between higher- and lower-income groups of all ages. (
  • Relative disparities increased by race/ethnicity and income despite gains by all groups because black, Mexican American, and low-income children started with much higher prevalence of disease than whites and higher-income children. (
  • Relative disparities increased between whites and Mexican Americans despite Mexican Americans experiencing the largest percentage point decline among all racial/ethnic groups. (
  • Disparities also increased between white and black youth and between higher- and lower- income groups. (
  • Investigating health disparities through community-based participatory research: Lessons learned from a process evaluation. (
  • The synergistic, cooperative effort realized by Willis-Knighton Health System's tithing program offers great potential for reducing healthcare disparities, yielding healthier populations, enhanced opportunities, and better communities. (
  • The hearings addressed a range of issues relating to children's health from witnesses with expertise in pediatric care, public health, mental health, and substance abuse. (
  • 2) "How can we better address children's health needs through improvements to federally-funded public health programs? (
  • After the Fact" is a podcast from The Pew Charitable Trusts that brings you data and analysis on the issues that matter to you-from our environment and the sciences, to larger economic trends and public health. (
  • In light of these population increases, gaps in medical insurance and other health concerns, Emory University's Urban Health Initiative, Office of University-Community Partnerships and Rollins School of Public Health are joining with the Hispanic Health Coalition of Georgia in the project, "The Health Status of Latinos in Georgia: Issues, Findings and Considerations. (
  • The project is funded by Healthcare Georgia Foundation and will allow the partners to update its Report on the Health Status of Latinos in Georgia , conduct new research in key areas and hold a summit on Latino health during the summer of 2012 at the Rollins School of Public Health. (
  • Karen Andes, PhD, assistant professor in the Hubert Department of Global Health at the Rollins School of Public Health and faculty director for the project, notes, "The rapid growth of the Latino population in Georgia makes it a moving target - we hope to build partnerships that will allow us to move and grow with the Latino community. (
  • US Ambassador to Malawi, Virginia Palmer has said for Malawi to improve its economic and public health status, her government recignises that girls' education is the best investment. (
  • Social Work in Public Health, 29 (4), 318-334. (
  • Journal of Public Health Dentistry, 74 (4), 261-265. (
  • Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 2013 , 816961. (
  • For correspondence: Dr. H.C. Boshuizen, TNO Prevention and Health, Division of Public Health and Prevention, Leiden, The Netherlands. (
  • Childhood obesity is one of the most serious, global, public health challenges and has adverse health consequences in both the short-and long-term. (
  • Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges of the twenty-first century [ 1 ]. (
  • This project will develop understanding of how routine health information on key health system measures can inform the ongoing and long-term response to the current Ebola crisis in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and to develop tools that enable the use of this data in future public health crises. (
  • The research findings will inform both the ongoing response, including long-term recovery operations, and generate generalized lessons that will be valuable for future epidemics or other public health emergencies in the DRC and in other low and middle-income countries. (
  • Implementing Strategies to Enhance Public Health Surveillance of Physical. (
  • Lack of information about the health status of these populations upon arrival and their need for and use of medical services in the United States hinders development of public health policy, education, and provision of adequate clinical care. (
  • As with all mobile populations, visitors and temporary residents to the United States may represent a risk for public health through introduction of infections or vaccine-preventable diseases. (
  • Lack of information hinders development of public health policy, education, and provision of adequate clinical care for visitors and temporary residents. (
  • Therefore, to raise awareness of this traveling population, we have summarized the sparse available literature and call for future education, policies, and interventions geared toward promoting health and well-being for the visitors and temporary residents and public health protection to host communities. (
  • The youngsters and the entire family are provided by using support and even facilitation through nonprofit companies, local funders who chip in in the benefits of wellbeing status, community researchers, wellness departments about city together with country, mind, dental and also public health hospitals, public and private emergency business units and charitable organizations (McDowell, 2006). (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) asked the Institute of Medicine (IOM) to convene an expert committee to advise it and its public health colleagues on the implementation of a pre-event smallpox vaccination program. (
  • The health response for conflict affected people has been a major public health concern in Turkey since the outbreak of Syrian Crisis. (
  • This seminar will provide a general outlook of the health care system in Turkey and the role of community health centres and public health specialists in terms of the provision of health services for refugees. (
  • Özge Yavuz Sarı is a medical doctor and public health specialist from the Public Health Department of Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey. (
  • WICHE MHP completed an update of the Suicide Prevention Toolkit for Rural Primary Care and associated patient management tools using funding from the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. (
  • The findings will assist public health workers and dental practitioners to choose effective and viable approaches in delivering behavioral interventions. (
  • With the accelerating discovery of human genes, public health professionals are increasingly confronted with a large body of scientific information that will guide public health action. (
  • Because the broad mission of public health is to fulfill society's interest in assuring conditions in which people can be healthy, the integration of new genetic information in public health research, policy, and program development is unavoidable. (
  • In anticipation of the expected growth at the interface of genetics and public health, this book delineates a framework for the integration of advances in human genetics into public health practice. (
  • The book reviews public health genetics, and includes chapters on important general issues such as newborn and other genetic screening, the delivery of genetic services, and the ethical, legal, and social implications of the use of genetics within public health. (
  • Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sports. (
  • For example, the Federal Ministry of Health report concerning Primary Health Care, PHC services, says only 48.8percent of PHC facilities in the country provide antenatal care services, 42.9percent give delivery services and only 43.9percent provide postnatal care. (
  • She is currently working at a Community Health Centre in the Ministry of Health. (
  • From a letter, dated 13 September 2001, from Herbert Schaepe, Secretary of the UN International Narcotics Control Board, to the Dutch Ministry of Health: As you are aware, mushrooms containing the above substances are collected and used for their hallucinogenic effects. (
  • In a real-world prospective cohort, patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction receiving sacubitril/valsartan had improved quality of life and less frequent symptoms than patients not receiving the medication, according to findings from the CHAMP-HF registry. (
  • CARE Kenya, in partnership with the Kenya Red Cross Society and Family Health Options Kenya, was awarded a grant by the European Union, with co-funding from the Austrian Development Cooperation and CARE, to improve maternal and child health, sexual reproductive health, family planning and the nutritional status of communities living within Manyatta and Nyalenda in Kisumu County for a period of three years (November 2014 - October 2017). (
  • In 2017, Baltimore CONNECT became a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization, and is working toward a future in which health care entities, social service organizations, and people in the community work together seamlessly to achieve optimum health and well-being for all. (
  • This is why I left the emergency room for a safer practice environment but find it a passion to look for a solution to the quick sand of non-magnet status survival. (
  • Among patients who experienced in-hospital cardiac arrest requiring vasopressors (drugs that increase blood pressure), use of a combination therapy during cardiopulmonary resuscitation resulted in improved survival to hospital discharge with favorable neurological status, according to a study in the July 17 issue of JAMA. (
  • In a previous single-center RCT, combined vasopressin-epinephrine during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and corticosteroid supplementation during and after CPR vs. epinephrine [adrenaline] alone during CPR and no steroids resulted in improved overall survival to hospital discharge," according to background information in the article. (
  • Spyros D. Mentzelopoulos, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece, and colleagues conducted a study to determine whether combined vasopressin-epinephrine during CPR and corticosteroid supplementation during and after CPR improved survival to hospital discharge with a favorable neurological score on the Cerebral Performance Category (CPC). (
  • In this study of patients with cardiac arrest requiring vasopressors, the combination of vasopressin and epinephrine, along with methylprednisolone during CPR and hydrocortisone in postresuscitation shock, resulted in improved survival to hospital discharge with favorable neurological status, compared with epinephrine and saline placebo. (
  • The adjuvant treatment increased survival time and improved quality of life with respect to the data reported in the literature for the same types and stages of lymphoma. (
  • 3-5 Women acquire RA at a younger age and may report poorer health status than men despite similar medical treatment and level of joint damage. (
  • Today, CBO and academic partners are focused on four key areas of work: dental health, behavioral health, transportation, and a continued emphasis on care coordination. (
  • WICHE MHP partners with the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System to support fidelity reviews of four evidence-based practices in the Maricopa County public behavioral health system. (
  • The Hawai'i Department of Education continues to contract with WICHE MHP to provide marketing, recruitment, screening, and referral services for behavioral health professionals to fill public school vacancies across the Hawai'ian Islands. (
  • As expected, any reduction in multimorbidity was associated with a clinically important improvement in overall health status. (
  • In summary, this paper not only documents the considerable multimorbidity associated with severe obesity, it also documents the clinically important improvement in health status associated even with a rather modest 5% weight loss over 2 years in these individuals. (
  • Fortunately, it's been repeatedly shown that by increasing your vitamin D levels, you can improve your cardiovascular health and lower your blood pressure, and this latest research confirms this. (
  • Keep in mind that "normal" is not the same as optimal, so increasing your levels to the recommended optimal levels as indicated in the chart below will undoubtedly impart an even more beneficial effect-not just for your cardiovascular health but also your health in general, from improving your immune function to cutting your risk of cancer in half. (
  • These findings tell us that in clinical practice, there were meaningful, clinically relevant and early improvements in health status," Fonarow said. (
  • Findings will also inform program development and policy-making for greater health equity in the region. (
  • Key findings will be used to provide guidance for the implementation of health policies at the school level in Burkina Faso and Nepal. (
  • This briefing outlines findings of a study of CLP Phase 2 core participant households, summarising information on household members with disabilities, types of disabilities found, and relationships between disability status and food security. (
  • Researchers created a single-blind, double-arm, multisite randomized trial that was conducted at Department of Veterans Affairs, academic, and safety-net health systems in Colorado among outpatients with symptomatic heart failure and reduced health status. (
  • For the new, investigator-initiated DEFINE-HF trial, researchers randomly assigned 263 patients with HF with ejection fraction of 40% or less, NYHA class II or III status, estimated glomerular filtration rate at least 30 mL/min/1.73m 2 and elevated natriuretic peptide to receive dapagliflozin 10 mg daily or placebo for 12 weeks. (
  • Researchers will continue their analysis to determine how socio-economic systems mitigates the correlation between underprivileged childhood and poor health in old age and influences health trajectories. (
  • Researchers in each country will examine how the programs addressed maternal and child health, focusing on their design and implementation. (
  • Our Facebook status updates, 'likes' and even photos could help researchers better understand mental health disorders with the right ethical safeguards, argue researchers from the University of Cambridge, who suggest that social networks may even be used in future to provide support and interventions, particularly among young people. (
  • Facebook status updates, shares, likes and photos can provide a wealth of information about users and could help researchers better understand mental health disorders with the right ethical safeguards. (
  • By analysing the language, emotions and topics used in status updates, the researchers say that it may be possible to look for symptoms or early signs of mental illness. (
  • That's the conclusion researchers from the Emory/Georgia Tech Predictive Health Institute has reached. (
  • Second, the researchers found that the most-commonly cited recommendation, to maintain a level of at least 30 ng/mL, is not necessary for bone health. (
  • The question of socioeconomic status and its impact on the risk of developing coronary heart disease (CHD) was explored by a group of French researchers. (
  • As a part of the study, researchers examined the role of socioeconomic status (i.e. income, education, occupation) and neighborhood "deprivation" (good, safe, clean, up-scale neighborhoods versus those from the "wrong" side of the tracks), and its relationship to the risk of heart disease in men and women. (
  • Researchers found that a low socioeconomic state and neighborhood deprivation scores increased the risk of a heart attack for both men and women. (
  • The primary outcome of the study was patient-reported heart failure-specific health status, as measured by a difference in change scores on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (range 0-100) at 6 months. (
  • Health status as defined by the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire is a really important patient-centered outcome, but is rarely studied outside of randomized clinical trials," Gregg C. Fonarow, MD, director of Ahmanson-UCLA Cardiomyopathy Center, co-director of UCLA preventive cardiology program, co-chief of the division of cardiology at UCLA and the Eliot Corday Chair in Cardiovascular Medicine and Science, told Cardiology Today . (
  • As a result, "HR leaders need to keep the pressure on to control health care cost increases, increase consumerism and individual accountability, use all of the tools and resources available to empower consumers to be wiser purchasers and support them to choose healthier lifestyles," Darling advised. (
  • Study limitations include using a single item to assess child health status and participants in the navigation arm reporting more social needs on average at baseline. (
  • This study suggests that within 3 months, a significant proportion of patients experience meaningful improvements in health status compared with conventional therapies. (
  • This study examines one way in which public policy potentially makes older workers more attractive to employers: state regulatory restrictions on how much employer premiums are permitted to increase at small firms with older, unhealthier workforces. (
  • Cross-sectional data from India's second National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2, 1998-99) is used for this study. (
  • The objective of this study was to examine changes in health over 15 years in a representative RA population, and in particular examine how health status developed in women versus men. (
  • This study sought to examine the relationship between food poverty (defined as those individuals who go to school or bed hungry because there is not enough food at home) and food consumption, health and life satisfaction among 8424 school children from the Republic of Ireland, aged between 10 and17 years. (
  • The well-executed, mainly community-based Dutch study by Boshuizen and colleagues supports the latter possibility because poor health was more common in those with low blood pressure. (
  • The landmark study by Amery and colleagues ( 1 ) actually found a small yet disturbing increase of untoward events in the treatment group older than 80 years of age compared with control-patients. (
  • To do so, they analysed nearly 100,000 data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe , a 12-year population survey conducted by the European Union to study the economic, social and health status of older people. (
  • A previous study of 200 US college students over the age of 18 years found that one in four posted status updates showing depressive-like symptoms. (
  • Being 'unfriended' can elicit negative emotions, but even an individuals' News Feed, which reports what their friends are up to, can affect their mood: one study found that a reduction of the amount of positive content displayed by friends led to an increase in negative status updates by users, and vice-versa. (
  • Study participants with reduced levels of vitamin D had increased arterial stiffness and vascular function impairment. (
  • As in the Case Study - Memorial Health System CPOE Implementation there were clearly barriers set in place that affected leadership and staff. (
  • Case: Taking care of business at Graceland Memorial Hospital The case study revolves around the issue of Occupational Safety and Health Administration [OSHA] compliance at Graceland Memorial Hospital [GMH], a non-profit community hospital located in the midwest. (
  • The very idea of supporting anyone health hypothesis was before long proposed so that as the population overall health model required the study of the health problems, priority establishing, taking activities and causing evaluation. (
  • The interesting question that was answered in this study (conducted at Wageningen University, The Netherlands) was: which amino acids (AA) utilisations and requirements are affected by differences in health status? (
  • Before reviewing the results of this study, let's look at how pig farms were classified into different health statuses. (
  • The main aim of the study was to determine the effects of health status and dietary AA deficiency on nitrogen (N) retention and AA utilisation in growing pigs. (
  • Background: In light of increasing migration from endemic countries with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), this study describes the changing epidemiology of CHB patients born outside Australia referred to a tertiary hospital in Western Australia. (
  • Conclusion: This study highlights the increasing burden of CHB in Western Australia, from people born in endemic countries, in particular, the direct costs of treatment. (
  • The aim of the study is to examine the effects of a progressive resistance exercise program on muscle strength, health status, and current pain intensity in women with FM. (
  • This case study aims at increasing the body of knowledge on school feeding programmes, seen as an important means to improve access to education and reduce poverty. (
  • We were interested in the association of use of this medication with patients' health status in real-world clinical practice. (
  • Evidence suggests that weight loss of 10 % in adults is often associated with marked clinical improvement in co-morbidities and therefore minimum weight management targets can be set to improve metabolic health in the adult population [ 13 ]. (
  • Improving Cancer Diagnosis and Care Clinical Application of Computational. (
  • Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. (
  • This randomized clinical trial studies how well a lay health worker outreach works in increasing colorectal cancer screening in Asian Americans. (
  • In the strategy document, a stringent timetable was proposed to implement a NHService-wide electronic health record (EHR), delineating specific levels of development including clinical administrative data, integrated clinical diagnosis and treatment support, clinical activity support, clinical knowledge and decision support, and specialty specific support to the highest level of the advanced multi-media and telemedical record. (
  • The Hawai'i Department of Health, Childrens and Adolescent Mental Health Division, retained WICHE MHP to review the Division's quality improvement processes across four domains, including program monitoring, clinical quality, billing compliance, and customer and client service. (
  • Here we present the efficacy evaluating forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV 1 ), health status via the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score and rescue medication use. (
  • Patients and methods Patients in the Oslo RA register filled in questionnaires including the Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (MHAQ), the Short-Form 36 (SF-36) with physical (PCS) and mental component summaries and derived utility (SF-6D), visual analogue scales (VAS) for pain, patient global assessment of disease (PtGA) and fatigue, and checklists of medication commonly used in the treatment of RA. (
  • Patients with severe symptoms of respiratory insufficiency appear to obtain significant improvements in respiratory symptoms and health status after the addition of a noninvasive open ventilation system to their standard medical therapy. (
  • They also had increased risk of experiencing somatic and mental symptoms and experienced negative health perceptions and lower life satisfaction. (
  • Receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer may increase the chance of a cure, decrease the risk of the cancer returning, alleviate symptoms from the cancer or help people with cancer live longer with a better quality of life. (
  • It is critical that pediatric residents learn to effectively screen families for active and addressable social needs (ie, negative social determinants of health). (
  • Progress in achieving the millennium development goals has been substantive but uneven, with its equity, effectiveness, and sustainability being often undermined by lack of integration into national health systems. (
  • A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that the social is incarnated in the body, and thus shows the urgency, when it comes to health, to consider individuals under all of their life circumstances," adds Stéphane Cullati. (
  • However, there is very limited evidence in relation to the amount of weight loss needed to effect beneficial change in metabolic health in the paediatric population. (
  • The results add to evidence that lack of vitamin D can lead to impaired vascular health, contributing to high blood pressure and the risk of cardiovascular disease. (
  • 3. Evidence from a preliminary analysis of financial incentives for health 3  Financial incentives have worked, but… - Demand- and supply-side incentives work on different margins. (
  • A: While we tend to think of these dietary habits in negative terms-as "addictions" or "vices"- in fact, a compelling amount of evidence has built in the past few years suggesting that your habits would be, on balance, more health-promoting than health-compromising! (
  • At the very least, we have no evidence to suggest coffee consumption increases the risk of any cancers. (
  • PHILADELPHIA - In patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction with or without diabetes, the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin was associated with clinically meaningful improvements in HF-related health status or N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide at 12 weeks, according to results of the DEFINE-HF trial presented at the Heart Failure Society of America Scientific Meeting. (
  • Some studies have reported improvements in parameters of metabolic health as a function of improvements in measures of adiposity in children and young people [ 15 - 17 ], but there is yet to be a systematic quantification of the reduction in body mass or adiposity needed to achieve these improvements. (
  • The United Nations' first Every Woman Every Child strategy, Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health, provided an impetus "to improve the health of hundreds of millions of women and children around the world and, in so doing, to improve the lives of all people. (
  • A physician visited the participants in their homes at baseline and collected data on age, sex, parents' country of origin, marital status, medical history, medications, mental status (Mini-Mental State Examination), and function (activities of daily living). (
  • Training community members to educate participants about colorectal cancer and its prevention may improve colorectal cancer screening rates in Asian Americans. (
  • Collectively, we find these results [of DEFINE-HF and DAPA-HF] support the use of dapagliflozin as a treatment option in patients with HFrEF, regardless of diabetes status," Kosiborod said during his presentation. (
  • As tools wear, the cutting forces of machines must gradually increase to make up for the decrease in bit sharpness, further grinding down the bits. (
  • The project methods will use existing data to assess the state of health system responses to outbreaks like Ebola before, during, and after the outbreak in affected and non-affected areas. (