Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Word Association Tests: Lists of words to which individuals are asked to respond ascertaining the conceptual meaning held by the individual.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Attitude to Death: Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.Attitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Architectural Accessibility: Designs for approaching areas inside or outside facilities.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Physicians, Family: Those physicians who have completed the education requirements specified by the American Academy of Family Physicians.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Stereotyping: An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Prejudice: A preconceived judgment made without factual basis.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Physician-Patient Relations: The interactions between physician and patient.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)Health Care Surveys: Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.Intention: What a person has in mind to do or bring about.Motion Pictures as Topic: The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.GermanyAtracurium: A non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agent with short duration of action. Its lack of significant cardiovascular effects and its lack of dependence on good kidney function for elimination provide clinical advantage over alternate non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents.Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Social Behavior: Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.Social Perception: The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.Theory of Mind: The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Philosophy, MedicalAphakia, Postcataract: Absence of the crystalline lens resulting from cataract extraction.Body Image: Individuals' concept of their own bodies.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Institute of Medicine (U.S.): Identifies, for study and analysis, important issues and problems that relate to health and medicine. The Institute initiates and conducts studies of national policy and planning for health care and health-related education and research; it also responds to requests from the federal government and other agencies for studies and advice.Neuropsychology: A branch of psychology which investigates the correlation between experience or behavior and the basic neurophysiological processes. The term neuropsychology stresses the dominant role of the nervous system. It is a more narrowly defined field than physiological psychology or psychophysiology.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.United StatesClinical Laboratory Techniques: Techniques used to carry out clinical investigative procedures in the diagnosis and therapy of disease.Drug Monitoring: The process of observing, recording, or detecting the effects of a chemical substance administered to an individual therapeutically or diagnostically.Information Centers: Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.Technology Assessment, Biomedical: Evaluation of biomedical technology in relation to cost, efficacy, utilization, etc., and its future impact on social, ethical, and legal systems.Knowledge Management: The leveraging of collective wisdom within an organization as a catalyst to increase responsiveness and innovation.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.National Health Planning Information Center (U.S.): A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.Biomedical Technology: The application of technology to the solution of medical problems.Poison Control Centers: Facilities which provide information concerning poisons and treatment of poisoning in emergencies.

*Bertram Gawronski

The APE model has been instrumental in explaining diverging patterns of attitude change, including (a) changes in implicit but ... Gawronski, B., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2005). Accessibility effects on implicit social cognition: The role of knowledge ... Gawronski, B., Hofmann, W., & Wilbur, C. J. (2006). Are "implicit" attitudes unconscious? Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 485- ... Gawronski, B., & LeBel, E. P. (2008). Understanding patterns of attitude change: When implicit measures show change, but ...

*Implicit attitude

Flexibility of implicit attitudes is best demonstrated through measures that include accessibility effects. For example, it has ... that attitude of attribute "B" is known to be an implicit attitude. Earlier research findings on implicit attitudes show that ... culture has a very noticeable effect on implicit attitude in the way implicit attitude differs from one's explicit attitude. ... Attitudes and attitude change (pp. 61-84). Greenwald, A.G.; Banaji, M.R. (1995). "Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self- ...

*Cross-cultural differences in decision-making

This leads to the building of implicit attitude, values, and beliefs, which are hard to spot. They become apparent when ... For example, culturally determined attitudes towards age, gender roles, and the end result are well reflected in the way these ... The other distinction between cultural and personal knowledge is their accessibility. Day after day members of a cultural group ... When an individual is primed with a concept, often by an implicit instruction to think about it, all the aspects of relevant ...

*Russell H. Fazio

... attitudes guide their subsequent perceptions of and behavior towards the attitude object is moderated by attitude accessibility ... Attitudes: Insights from the new implicit measures. New York: Psychology Press. Fazio, R. H. & Petty, R. E. (2007). Attitudes: ... Fazio, R. H. & Williams, C. J. (1986). Attitude accessibility as a moderator of the attitude-perception and attitude-behavior ... Fazio, R. H., & Williams, C. J. (1986). Attitude accessibility as a moderator of the attitude-perception and attitude-behavior ...

*Approaches to prejudice reduction

Attitude reconditioning. There are several strategies that attempt to recondition or retrain implicit prejudiced attitudes - ... Galinsky, A. D., & Moskowitz, G. B. (2000). Perspective-taking: decreasing stereotype expression, stereotype accessibility, and ... attitudes that exist outside of a person's conscious awareness. One way of reconditioning implicit attitudes is through ... While this is helpful in reducing implicit prejudice, it is not necessarily successful at changing conscious attitudes. Another ...

*Brand loyalty

Attitudes can be based on brand salience and accessibility. Consumers make constant evaluations on every aspect of their lives ... Ones attitude is usually difficult to change, so marketers try to fit their brands and products into categorical attitudes. ... marketers are beginning to focus more on implicit emotional messages, rather than the actual content or information about their ... If a person's attitude coincides with what a brand is trying to convey, the consumer will put the brand into a 'liking' ...

*Terror management theory

... increased their already positive attitudes towards the behavior.[20] The reasons behind individuals' optimistic attitudes ... At an implicit, subconscious level, this is the case even for people who claim to be nonreligious.[38][39] ... Death thought accessibilityEdit. Another paradigm that TMT researchers use to get at unconscious concerns about death is what ... have a more positive attitude towards their life. Specifically, death cognition in the form of anti-smoking warnings weren't ...

*Robert S. Wyer

During that time, he began to develop a full-fledged social-cognitive perspective on topics such as attitudes, attribution, and ... Wyer, R.S (2004). Social Comprehension and Judgment: The Role of Situation Models, Narratives, and Implicit Theories, Mahwah, ... His research interests cut across numerous areas of social information processing, including knowledge accessibility, ... comprehension, memory, social inference, the impact of affect on judgment and decisions, attitude formation and change, and ...

*Cognitive dissonance

Monroe, B.M.; Read, S.J. (2008). "A general connectionist model of attitude structure and change: The ACS (Attitudes as ... "Epistemic Discomfort is Moderated by Simultaneous Accessibility of Inconsistent Elements", in Cognitive Dissonance: Progress on ... Gbadamosi, Ayantunji (January 2009). "Cognitive Dissonance: The Implicit Explication in Low-income Consumers' Shopping ... Attitudes as constraint satisfaction model[96]. Contradictions to the theory[edit]. Because cognitive dissonance is a ...

*Market segmentation

This could mean sufficiently large in number of people or in purchasing power Accessibility refers to the extent to which ... This is an applied example of behavioral segmentation, using attitude to product or service as a key descriptor or variable ... Generational segmentation assumes that people's values and attitudes are shaped by the key events that occurred during their ... Smith was codifying implicit knowledge that had been used in advertising and brand management since at least the 1920s. ...

*Jon Krosnick

On implicit attitudes, the number of Americans with anti-black ones jumped to 56% from 49%. Many black Americans have also ... accessibility), personal beliefs driving attitudes, and degree of thinking done on the subject. On the practical issue of how ... Another study found such studies could not be used to compare how a group's behavior or attitude changed over time, or how ... Krosnick has investigated in detail how attitudes, in general, are formed and how they relate to responses to surveys. He has ...

*Dual process theory

Verbalized explicit processes or attitudes and actions may change with persuasion or education; though implicit process or ... Whether the attitude is formed automatically or operates with effort and control, it can still bias further processing of ... Sun, R.; Zhang, X.; Mathews, R. (2009). "Capturing human data in a letter counting task: Accessibility and action-centeredness ... They would be implicit heuristic processing, implicit rule-based processing, explicit heuristic processing, and explicit rule- ...

*Mindfulness

Crescentini, Cristiano; Capurso, Viviana (2015). "Mindfulness meditation and explicit and implicit indicators of personality ... involves maintaining an attitude of curiosity about objects experienced at each moment, and about where and how the mind ... previously conditioned attitudes and past associations influence this generation. The five aggregates are described as ... which gained popularity in south-east due to the accessibility of the Buddhist sutras through English translations from the ...

*Mindfulness

... involves maintaining an attitude of curiosity about objects experienced at each moment, and about where and how the mind ... previously conditioned attitudes and past associations influence this generation. The five aggregates are described as ... which gained popularity in south-east due to the accessibility of the Buddhist sutras through English translations from the ... "Mindfulness meditation and explicit and implicit indicators of personality and self-concept changes". Frontiers in Psychology ...
It is suppose to be only word association. And since this is biology, it is biological word association. I got creative and did Caps on, caps off in the spelling. Kind of like a crazy person I guess, but just for fun ...
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Verbal fluency tests are a kind of psychological test in which participants have to produce as many words as possible from a category in a given time (usually 60 seconds). This category can be semantic, including objects such as animals or fruits, or phonemic, including words beginning with a specified letter, such as p, for example. The semantic fluency test is sometimes described as the category fluency test or simply as "freelisting". The COWAT (Controlled oral word association test) is the most employed phonetic variant. Although the most common performance measure is the total number of words, other analyses such as number of repetitions, number and length of clusters of words from the same semantic or phonetic subcategory, or number of switches to other categories can be carried out. Performance in verbal fluency tests show a number of consistent characteristics in both children and adults: There is an hyperbolic decline in the rate of production of new items over the duration of the task. ...
The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between age-related white matter changes, with a specific focus on previously identified language pathways, and language functioning in healthy aging. 228 healthy participants (126 female; 146 right-handed), ages 18 to 76, underwent 3.0 Tesla MR diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and a battery of language assessments including the Boston Naming Test (BNT), the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT), the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (COWAT), Semantic Fluency Test (SFT), and a subset of the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination (CI-BDAE). Using tract based spatial statistics (TBSS), we investigated measurements of fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD), and mean diffusivity (MD). TBSS was used to create a white matter skeleton that was then used to analyze white matter changes (indexed by FA, AD, RD, and MD) with age and language performance. Results focused primarily on significant relationships (p
The main objective of this was to investigate the relationship between depression, dysfunctional attitudes (DA), and their effect on quality of life (QoL) in a sample of Romanian Hungarian cancer patients. Our sample consisted of 376 patients hospitalized with different types and grades of cancer, and was assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory, the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, and the Functional Quality of Life Scale. We have found significant differences in depression only between age groups; significant differences in quality of life between age groups and different levels of education; significant differences of dysfunctional attitudes have been found between rural and urban patients. As our data have revealed, in the assessed population one of the most disturbing psychological changes that may accompany this life threatening illness consists in the heightened levels of depression. Taking into ...
Attitudes - cognitive representations of our evaluation of ourselves, other people, things, actions, events, ideas - and attitude change have been a central concern in social psychology since the discipline began. People can - and do - have attitudes on an infinite range of things but what are attitudes, how do we form them and how can they be modified? This book provides the student with a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the basic issues in the psychological study of attitudes. Drawing on research from Europe and the USA it presents up-to-date coverage of the key issues that will be encountered in this area, including attitude formation and change, functions of attitudes, attitude measurement, attitudes as temporary constructs, persuasion ...
People have automatic associations with a myriad of targets, from political figures to ethnic minorities. Automatic associations may constitute implicit attitudes that are related to, but distinct from explicitly endorsed attitudes. They could also represent knowledge of cultural attitudes unrelated to personal feelings, judgments, and behaviors (the culture-as-contaminant interpretation). Finally, automatic associations could reflect knowledge of cultural attitudes that influences behaviors because individuals use others attitudes to guide their own actions (the culture-as-norms interpretation). This chapter finds that automatic associations exhibit relationships with feelings, judgments, and behaviors supportive of the implicit attitudes view and inconsistent with both ...
Research has shown that lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth have increased rates of physical and mental health problems primarily due to the chronic stress incurred by the levels of prejudice and isolation experienced in their environment, especially in Southern States. Teachers are the most available and sought after adults by sexual minority students, helping them to mitigate such toxic environments. In this study, the aim was to examine the relationship between implicit and explicit attitudes of homonegativity and the moderating role of motivation to control prejudiced reactions among teachers in Southern states. Additional information was gathered about the teachers school environment in regard to protective factors that were or were not in place for sexual minority students and possible resources that they perceived would be helpful in establishing a more positive environment for these students. Correlations were found between the Implicit ...
There is now a lot of evidence for the effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) as a treatment for major depression but there is still some uncertainty as to how it actually works. The cognitive mediation model says that it works by changing peoples dysfunctional attitudes; maladaptive, inflexible and extreme assumptions by which the self or the world is judged. Dysfunctional attitudes are more prevalent in depressed people and decline with treatment but the complication model holds that it is depression that produces dysfunctional attitudes and not vice versa. Other theories are that depression and dysfunctional attitudes contribute to one another or that there is a third, underlying factor, common to both. A study of 130 people with major depression in Canada divided them into three groups. One group received CBT, another group received interpersonal therapy and ...
Sadeq Al-Basha, of the General People Congress, had strongly criticized the attitude of the Yemeni government toward the drone strikes, affirming that extrajudicial killing is prohibited in all laws and legislations.Tribal leaders had complained unmanned drones repeatedly kill civilians in different governorates of Yemen, pointing out that US drones fly over some areas and they raise fears among population. Many Al-Qaeda militants including senior leaders have been targeted by US drones in Yemeni southern and southeastern regions in the past months. However, US drones sometimes miss its target and kill civilians ...
Downloadable! In this paper we analyze the attitudes of 14 year old children of first and second generation immigrants and their civic attitudes about (aspects of) the society of destination. We use data from the Civic Education Study conducted by International Educational Association (IAE) in 1999. This Civic Education Study tests civic knowledge, civic attitudes and civic participation of 14 year old students. We have five dependent variables in 11 countries: trust in government related institution positive attitudes towards immigrants, positive attitudes towards ones nation of residence positive attitudes towards womens rights and civic participation. 14-year pupils with an immigrant background had stronger positive attitudes towards immigrants, stronger negative ...
The environment, and how humans affect it, is more of a concern now than ever. We are constantly told that halting climate change requires raising awareness, changing attitudes, and finally altering behaviors among the general public-and doing it fast. New information, attitudes, and actions, it is conventionally assumed, will necessarily follow one from the other. However, this approach ignores much of what is known about attitudes in general and environmental attitudes in particular-a huge gap lies between what we say and what we do. Solving environmental problems requires a scientific understanding of public attitudes. Like rocks in a swollen river, attitudes often lie beneath the surface-hard to see, and even harder to move or change. This book helps us read the water and negotiate its hidden obstacles, ...
CheckPoint: Implicit Association Test By: Jessica Dodd Jessica Dodd December 27, 2010 ETH/ 125 The results for my IAT were: (1) 35% strong automatic
Abstract: The present study sought to determine if a relationship existed between ASU freshmen women and their upperclass sisters in attitudes and behavior. An attitude and a behavior questionnaire were scored on a scale of 0 (conservative) to 5 (liberal) for each subject. Attitude scores were found to be generally higher than behavior scores. A relationship was found between freshmen and their upperclass sisters on attitudes but not behavior. A relationship was also found for upperclass sisters between their attitudes and behavior but was not found for freshmen women. Conclusions are: a) sibling attitudes but not behaviors are related, b) a relationship exists for upperclass sisters between attitude and behavior, and c) no relationship exists for freshmen between their attitudes and ...
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Assessing_Consumer_Attitude_Change.html?id=dYZRAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareAssessing Consumer Attitude Change ...
Clinicians have been found to hold predominantly negative attitudes toward routine outcome assessments (ROA). This study aims to assess changes in clinicians attitudes to ROA, and in particular, the provision of feedback from such assessments following a training workshop. Ninety-six mental health workers attended a training workshop on ROA, which was supported by the use of a CD-ROM video resource. Participants completed a questionnaire before and after training that assessed their attitudes toward ROA and the provision of feedback from these assessments. Attitudes toward feedback were predominantly positive at baseline. Significantly more positive attitudes on general attitudes and specific attitudes related to the provision of feedback were found following training. ...
Downloadable! In this paper we develop a new empirical approach to uncover the causal link from social attitudes to economic development. We first show that social attitudes of second-generation Americans are significantly influenced by the country of origin of their forebears. In the spirit of the epidemiology literature, we interpret this phenomenon as the consequence of a causal effect of inherited social attitudes. This leads us to use the social attitudes of second-generation Americans as an instrument for the social attitudes in the home country of their parents to identify the causal effect of inherited social attitudes on economic development. This strategy allows us to isolate the specific contribution of social attitudes relatively to other traditional candidates, ...
Social influence is at the heart of many pressing societal issues-promotion of healthful lifestyles, the raising of environmental consciousness, the effects of censorship, "image-processing" in politics, and ultrasophisticated advertising and marketing. With lively examples from current events and popular culture, this book pulls together a wide range of research and theory about the psychology of attitudes, persuasion, and social influence. Philip Zimbardo and Michael R. Leippe cover all the major topics in this area. To integrate the vast amount of material they use the recurring theme of "attitude systems," in which attitudes, cognitions, behaviors, and intentions can be affected by external agents of influence as well as influenced internally by each other. Stressing the personal and cultural relevance of social influence principles, Zimbardo and Leippe use social and geopolitical events and issues to illustrate the ...
4. CheckPoint: Implicit Association Test · Resource: The Harvard-Hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) · Due Date: Day 5 [Individual] forum · Complete the Harvard-Hosted Implicit Association Test (IAT) using the instructions below ...
Aim. This study aims to explain distress toward erectile dysfunction (ED), attitude toward ED drugs, and experiences with ED drug use in terms of sexual attitudes, relationship satisfaction, and sociodemographic factors among the middle-aged and elderly Chinese population. Studies show that a significant number of middle-aged and elderly men in Asia suffer from ED. However, peoples attitudes toward ED drugs are not positive. Few studies have sought to reveal the influencing factors of this negative attitude.. Methods. Nine hundred forty-six Hong Kong women and men aged 36-80 with stable partners were administered a structured questionnaire through face-to-face street-intercept survey. Self-reporting on single-item questions using a five-point Likert scale was adopted for most of the variables, including attitude toward sex, relationship satisfaction, distress toward ED, and ...
Purpose: This observational research study was conducted to determine the relationship between healthcare professionals eating attitudes, mindful eating, and body composition. Methods: Participants were 535 healthcare professionals, 325 (60%) working at Çorum (Turkey) Elitpark Hospital and 210 (40%) at Çorum Private Hospital. The participants filled a questionnaire with questions on demographic characteristics, body mass index (BMI), nutritional habits, Eating Attitudes Test, and Mindful Eating Scale. Results: The participants categorized as "other healthcare professionals" (28.6%) had the highest BMI value. The participants with impaired eating attitudes (92.2%) had high BMI values in general. The other healthcare professionals also constituted the occupational group with the highest impaired eating attitude score (66.9%). With regard to the magnitude of the relationship between mindful ...
OBJECTIVE: A previous positron emission tomography (PET) study reported increased serotonin 5-HT(2A) receptor binding in unmedicated depressed patients with high scores on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale. The purpose of the present study was to use the highly selective 5-HT(2A) receptor ligand [(11)C]MDL 100,907 in a PET imaging paradigm to assess 1) 5-HT(2A) receptor binding potential in euthymic subjects with a history of recurrent depression and 2) the relationship between receptor binding and scores on the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale. METHOD: Cortical 5-HT(2A) receptor binding was measured in 20 unmedicated, fully recovered unipolar depressed patients and 20 age- and gender-matched comparison subjects. Regional estimates of binding potential were obtained using a reversible plasma input function compartmental model and the cerebellum as a reference region to estimate the free and non-specifically bound [(11)C]MDL 100,907 in brain ...
INTRODUCTION. Recent research clearly indicates that knowledge which is activated and available during evaluative processing strongly influences attitudinal judgments and attitude-behavior consistency. From both a theoretical and practical perspective it is valuable to understand what factors influence knowledge activation (i.e., information availability) and to further explore the effects of activated knowledge on attitude structures. This paper briefly reviews two sets of factors which have typically been suggested as influencing information availability-prior product-related experiences and stimulus factors--and explores the effects of sequence of advertisement processing.. Fazio and Zanna (1981) have presented a compelling argument for the idea that the relation between peoples attitudes and their behavior will be stronger when they have formed their attitudes from direct behavioral experience with the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Health literacy and parent attitudes about weight control for children. AU - Liechty, Janet M.. AU - Saltzman, Jaclyn A.. AU - Musaad, Salma M.. AU - Harrison, Kristen. AU - Bost, Kelly. AU - McBride, Brent. AU - Donovan, Sharon. AU - Grigsby-Toussaint, Diana. AU - Kim, Juhee. AU - Wiley, Angela. AU - Teran-Garcia, Margarita. AU - Fiese, Barbara. AU - The STRONG Kids Team, STRONG Kids Team. PY - 2015/8/1. Y1 - 2015/8/1. N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine associations between parental health literacy and parent attitudes about weight control strategies for young children. Parental low health literacy has been associated with poor child health outcomes, yet little is known about its relationship to child weight control and weight-related health information-seeking preferences. Data were drawn from the STRONG Kids Study, a Midwest panel survey among parents of preschool aged children (n = 497). Parents endorsed an ...
ANTHONY GREENWALD: In 1900, mathematician David Hilbert made a list of 23 recognized questions that the field of mathematics should regard as important unanswered questions and, lo and behold, many mathematicians decided to work on those questions. We psychologists do not have such widely agreed-upon lists of questions, but we do have a continuing good source of questions-the questions often come to us from society.. Our study of prejudice, for example, comes out of trying to deal with policy questions that leaders deal with and that we think need to be informed by science. Prejudice was a topic I discovered relatively late in my career. My dissertation advisor, Gordon Allport, may be best known for his 1954 book on prejudice, The Nature of Prejudice. However, when Allport was my advisor, in the early 1960s, he was no longer interested in the topic. I eventually came to an interest in prejudice because the work on attitudes that Mahzarin and I were doing in the mid 1990s ...
Our hypothesis was that living in Sweden facilitates attitude change regarding FGC, and our aim was to speed up this process through an intervention. However, there was already a high opposition towards all forms of FGC among Somali men and women, including newly arrived, suggesting that negative attitudes toward FGC are more widespread than we anticipated. Furthermore, among proponents of FGC, the support for practices causing anatomical change was low. This is reflected in the mean values of the VAS for newly arrived being 5.2 mm and 8.8 mm for outcomes 1 and 2, respectively. We had calculated the sample size to be able to detect a change of 15 mm on the VAS. Thus, with this baseline, it would have been difficult to detect a change in attitudes before and after an intervention without increasing the sample size significantly, which would have required resources we did not have. As a consequence, it would also not have been ...
Employing a grounded theory approach, the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine the influence of service-learning (SL) on undergraduate kinesiology students attitudes toward and experiences working with P-12 students with disabilities. Fourteen (9 female, 5 male) kinesiology students enrolled in an adapted physical education class participated in one of three focus group interviews regarding their experiences of working with P-12 students with disabilities. All interview data were analyzed following procedures outlined by Strauss and Corbin (1998). The following five themes represent the participants experiences and attitudes toward P-12 students with disabilities after their involvement in a SL project: (a) initial reactions, (b) selection of P-12 students, (c) preconceived attitudes, (d) the benefits of SL, and (e) positive experience. All 14 of the participants who volunteered to share their ...
Attitude is a hypothetical construct representing ones degree of like or dislike for something. It is a positive or negative subjective view of persons, places, things, or events, referred to as attitude objects. People can also be in conflict or ambivalent towards an object, meaning that they posses simultaneously, both the positive and negative attitudes towards the attitude objects, Mama Lucy Kibaki Hospital, counselling Department handles clients with counselling needs. These formed the sample population for my study. The study focused on the attitudes that motivate or inhibit clients to seek counselling services. My main objective was to evaluate clients attitude towards counselling. The study made use of a descriptive case study method to achieve the set objectives. The study used random sampling, ending up with 1OO clients as the sample. The study used questionnaires ...
Objectives: To determine the age of onset and prevalence figures for disordered eating for diverse ethnic groups among a sample of South African schoolgirls. Method: A cross-sectional design was implemented. Two questionnaires were used to elicit prevalence figures and attitudes towards eating. Results: The study population (n = 418) consisted of black and white schoolgirls in various educational phases. Black students were found to experience a significant increase in reported bulimia-associated behaviours in grades seven to nine (mean age 13.7 years) but did not report any significant increases in drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction or poor eating attitudes across the different phases. White students reported significant increases in all measured disordered eating attitudes and behaviours in grades 10-12 (mean age 16.7 years). In grades four to six, black and white students did not differ with ...
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Background: The obesity pandemic is causing premature mortality, increasing morbidity and escalating healthcare costs. It is globally acknowledged that current obesity management strategies are failing. It is also accepted that clinicians may hold an Anti-fat bias. To-date it has not been established if there is a relationship between strategy failures and clinicians attitudes. This uncharted territory was the driving impetus to undertaken a study investigating possible links and consequences. Aims: To establish healthcare clinicians attitudes towards patients with obesity and test the extent to which their attitudes influenced obesity management. Methods: Online vignettes were generated via Factorial Survey Design methods to assess obesity management by clinicians. The obesity Implicit Association Test (IAT) was used to assess subconscious Anti-fat bias. Data were collected anonymously from ...
Define propositional attitude. propositional attitude synonyms, propositional attitude pronunciation, propositional attitude translation, English dictionary definition of propositional attitude. n logic philosophy a relation between a person and a proposition, such as belief, desire, intention, etc
Introduction: Patients with HIV / AIDS experience discrimination and stigmatization in health care. To be faced with discrimination and stigma affects the lives of those infected as they experience social isolation, depression and post-traumatic stress. Stigma and attitudes are related. Nurses attitudes can affect the patient negatively through discrimination and stigmatization. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses attitudes towards patients with HIV / AIDS and also to describe what causes these attitudes. Method: A descriptive study was carried out. Articles were searched in the Cinahl database. The result is based on 13 scientific articles that have been analyzed by searching for patterns. Main results: The nurse has avoiding, referring and judgmental attitudes towards patients with HIV / AIDS. These ...
Nursing education needs to prepare students for care of dying patients. The aim of this study was to describe the development of nursing students attitudes toward caring for dying patients and their perceived preparedness to perform end-of-life care. A longitudinal study was performed with 117 nursing students at six universities in Sweden. The students completed the Frommelt Attitude Toward Care of the Dying Scale (FATCOD) questionnaire at the beginning of first and second year, and at the end of third year of education. After education, the students completed questions about how prepared they felt by to perform end-of-life care. The total FATCOD increased from 126 to 132 during education. Five weeks theoretical palliative care education significantly predicted positive changes in attitudes toward caring for dying patients. Students with five weeks theoretical palliative care training felt more prepared and supported by the ...
John Peacocke and Pranav Lal. reduction methylation 2012( ISP2012), August 27-31 2012, Tokyo, Japan. 160; Canadian television, MDA-MB-231 experience, and the 107-118Online analysis of discussions .
TY - JOUR. T1 - Staff attitudes towards people with intellectual disabilities in Japan and the United States. AU - Horner-Johnson, W.. AU - Keys, C. B.. AU - Henry, D.. AU - Yamaki, K.. AU - Watanabe, K.. AU - Oi, F.. AU - Fujimura, I.. AU - Graham, B. C.. AU - Shimada, H.. PY - 2015/10/1. Y1 - 2015/10/1. N2 - Background: Staff attitudes may affect choices available to persons with intellectual disabilities (ID). This study examined attitudes towards people with ID among staff working with people with ID in Japan and the United States. Method: Attitudes of staff working with people with ID in Japan and the United States were compared using the Community Living Attitudes Scale, Intellectual Disabilities Form. Responses were examined via multivariate analysis of variance. Results: In unadjusted analyses, Japanese staff exhibited a greater ...
Further, the researchers say that their studies indicate that, in general, subliminal messages -- that is, messages that are processed by our brains but never reach our consciousness - do indeed influence explicit attitudes and real-life political behavior, a significant extension to what we know about the effects of non-conscious processes. The studies, led by cognitive scientist Dr. Ran Hassin of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Psychology Department, show that the subliminal presentation of a national symbol affects not only political attitudes, but also voting intentions and actual voting in general elections. In an article in the U.S. journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by Hassin reported on a set of experiments that examined the effects of the subliminal presentation of the national flag. The experiments involved over 300 participants who were recruited on the Mount Scopus campus of the Hebrew ...
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES. Knowledge on various aspects of organ donation was assessed, and students self-evaluated competence and confidence about counselling for organ donation was evaluated. Factors influencing attitudes and actions were determined. RESULTS. The response rate was 94% (655/694). A majority (85%) had a positive attitude, but only a small proportion (23%) had signed the organ donation card. Inconvenience and lack of knowledge about organ donor registration, and concerns about premature termination of medical treatment accounted for such discrepancies. Socio-cultural factors such as the traditional Chinese belief in preservation of an intact body after death, unease discussing death-related issues, and family objections to organ donation were significantly associated with a negative attitude. Knowledge and action increased with medical education yet only a small proportion of medical students felt competent and confident in ...
This page contains the abstract- A Large-sample Survey of First- and Second-year Medical Student Attitudes Toward Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the Curriculum and in Practice http://www.chiro.org/alt_med_abstracts/ABSTRACTS/A_Large_sample_Survey.shtml
Most of us, despite our explicit beliefs, have implicit biases. These are assumptions we make about social groups that inform our language, explicit attitudes, and actions in subtle ways. Implicit biases can be so deeply engrained that they inform our interactions with others when we arent even consciously aware of them. What this means is that even the most egalitarian-minded among us may unwittingly act in ways (or hold beliefs) that are racist or sexist, despite their desire not to do so.. Stereotype threat happens when a persons group identity, shrouded by the dominant cultures stereotypical judgements and expectations, negatively affects her own capacity to succeed. The fear, conscious or unconscious, that she will be judged according to negative stereotypes can raise self-doubt and lead a person to effectively impair her own performance, thereby narrowing her educational and career prospects.. There is a great deal of evidence to show ...
Background. Despite the development of advanced drug testing systems, both deliberate and inadvertent doping in sports is increasing in elite, amateur and school sports. As a result, alternative approaches that seek to influence an athletes attitudes are needed to address the growing doping concerns that threaten both the health and well being of the athlete as well as the legitimacy of the sport. Therefore, the current study set out to establish the doping attitudes, knowledge and practices of professional Ugandan athletes, gathering information that may guide the design of more efficient doping prevention programs.. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study of 384 professional Ugandan athletes from four contact team sports (basketball, football, handball and rugby) and two individual sports (athletics and cycling). An Interviewer administered questionnaire used contained; questions about the doping behavior, the performance enhancement ...
This survey, the first in an annual series, is designed to monitor trends in a wide range of social attitudes in Great Britain. The British Social Attitudes Survey (BSA) is similar in purpose to the General Social Survey carried out by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) in the United States. The BSA questionnaire had two parts, one administered by an interviewer and the other completed by the respondent. This survey contained questions on political orientation, including attitudes toward the parties, likely voting behavior in the next British General Election, political tolerance, and relations with other nations. Other topics include beliefs and expectations concerning both national and personal economic conditions, attitudes toward government spending and programs, social problems such as crime and racial prejudice, and attitudes ...
Julian H. Williford, Jr., Advisor, The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of abnormal feelings, attitudes and behaviors indicative of eating disorders among college students based on their self-reported EAT-26 questionnaire scores. Attitudes and behaviors regarding carbohydrates were also examined by utilizing item number 6 of the EAT-26 questionnaire. Age, gender, and class level were examined in relation to eating attitudes and behaviors, as were individual dietary intakes obtained through 5-day self-reported dietary records. A convenience sample of students was taken from an introductory food and nutrition course at Bowling Green State University (BGSU). Students voluntarily completed EAT-26 questionnaires and students completed 5-day dietary records as a mandatory class assignment. The EAT-26 is a 26-item Liekert scale instrument, which measures the severity of eating disorder ...
The study addressed issues of peer influence. Researchers sought to determine how adolescents come to resemble their peers in risky attitudes and behaviors, attempting to learn whether they are encouraged by peers to adopt certain behaviors or gravitate toward others with similar attitudes and behaviors. They also examined the role of peer attitudes in the development of high-risk behaviors.. The study analyzed data on 1,350 15- to 18-year-old male and female students taking part in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, a nationwide study of individual, peer, family, school, and community factors related to health. High-risk sexual behavior was defined by the number of partners with whom adolescents had intercourse without a condom, since having multiple sex partners without using condoms puts adolescents at risk for contracting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. The researchers ...
This Hollywood "it-girl" comes across as so down-to-earth and cool, were starting to think she doesnt realize how famous her face really is!. As we dip our toes into the new year, were ready to channel some of our own super star attitude and Jennifer knows exactly how to get it.. Have A Go-To Movie. Have a quirky movie like Jennifers favorite, I Heart Huckabees on hand to pop into the DVD player when friends come over. Treat Yourself!. Jennifer has admitted to loving Philly Cheesesteaks and will pass up a salad for one, any day.. Pick Up A Book. If youre not much of a reader and dont know what to pick up, try Jennifers fave, Leo Tolstoys Anna Karenina.. Rock Out. Next time youre getting ready for a night out with your friends, put The Black Keys on your iPod and get your red carpet attitude on.. Have A Healthy Attitude. The pressure to look perfect can be intense, but you can handle it like Jennifer Jennifer with a positive attitude.. "I ...
My general reaction is that public attitudes seem sensible, given that the news from Iraq has been presented in an entirely negative light for the last two months. It also appears that the American public is, by and large, more knowledgeable than the pollsters, who blithely and incorrectly assert that no weapons of mass destruction have been found in Iraq, and there is no evidence of contacts between Iraq and al Qaeda. (The Liberal Law of Epistemology applies: If we say it often enough, it must be true.) Anyway, here are some of the results ...
Beliefs or attitudes are among the factors that have a bearing on violent conduct of any type in affective interpersonal relationships in couples. Attitudes facilitate the appearance of gender roles that assign the roles and responsibilities that men and women have in society; they are based on beliefs and opinions that facilitate a stereotyped view and thus encourage discrimination (Ferrer, Bosch, Ramis, Torres, & Navarro, 2006; López-Cepero, Rodríguez-Franco, Rodríguez, & Bringas, 2013). In turn, these gender roles demonstrate their differential effect through variables such as age, sex or level of education (Díaz & Sellami, 2014; Ferrer et al., 2006).. Traditional gender roles involve the allocation of tasks differentiated by sex, mirroring the inequality between males and females taken on by them in the social context. This fact is linked not only to possible violence directed at the partner within affective relationships, but also ...
A health care organisation was observed over a period of four years during their introduction of email to 6000 employees. The observed managers were positive to email from the start, despite problem with attachments and concerns for lacking computer knowledge. Email had a positive effect on employees attitudes to perceived computer knowledge as well as their abilities to learn more about computers. Negative for all was the blind mass mailings from within the organisation.. ...
DESCRIPTION: Recent government sponsored research is working to produce a new line of flexible physiological and behavioral sensor technologies that are to be available for homeland security applications. These sensors, which must be non-invasive in nature and protect the privacy of the individual(s) involved, will be used to support human centered/behavioral screening processes in a variety of high and low volume venues. Security screening is conducted to evaluate the risk of individuals entering transportation and other critical infrastructure and requires efficient, rapid and accurate examination of a person. Persons involved in or planning to be involved in possible malicious or deceitful acts will show various behavioral or physiological abnormalities. Much of the technology and publications to date have focused on detection of guilty individuals using electrodermal measures. Research into other psychophysiological measures or the mechanisms underlying deception is still in its early ...
June 15-17, 2012. Best Western Primrose Hotel, 111 Carlton Street. Canada SAR invites you to participate in a three day intensive Sexual Attitudes Reassessment Workshop in Toronto on June 15-17 2012. Ponder; participate in a facilitated personal journey. Assess; delve deep into your values and attitudes. Connect; grow, confront, and overcome your challenges. Come and become aware, assess, explore, confront and challenge your attitudes, values, and beliefs about sex, sexual behaviours, sexualities, and gender identities in a safe, open, confidential, and nonjudgmental environment. The SAR workshop will include the potential for emotional and evocative sexually explicit material.. On a professional level, the SAR workshop is targeted at participants whose work requires interpersonal relationships in order to provide services to other individuals. We understand that sex, sexual behaviours, sexualities, and ...
The results in the table 4 revealed that out of the 11 selected independent variables of the overall farmers six variables namely education (P,0.01), herd size (P,0.01), source of farm power (P,0.01), income (P,0.01), ownership status (P,0.01) and knowledge (P,0.01) were positively and significantly associated with attitude of farmers towards utilization of draught bullocks. Age, farming experience, source of information, bullock composition were positively but not significantly associated with attitude of overall farmers towards utilization of draught bullocks. The results indicated that there is significant association between the profile of the farmers and the attitude of farmers towards utilization of draught bullocks. Among the eleven variables taken for the correlation, education has an influence with the attitude of the farmers. Education of an individual plays a major role in their attitude. Based on the education ...
One size fits some: the impact of patient treatment attitudes on the cost-effectiveness of a depression primary-care intervention - Volume 35 Issue 6 - JEFFREY M. PYNE, KATHRYN M. ROST, FARAH FARAHATI, SHANTI P. TRIPATHI, JEFFREY SMITH, D. KEITH WILLIAMS, JOHN FORTNEY, JAMES C. COYNE
US - The executive director of the Canadian Pork Council says a constitutional challenge has helped reshape American attitudes on US Mandatory Country of Origin Labelling, writes Bruce Cochrane.
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effect of self-care information on health-related attitudes and beliefs of college students. AU - Coons, S. J.. AU - McGhan, W. F.. AU - Bootman, J Lyle. AU - Larson, L. N.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - We conducted a study to determine whether an intervention using self-care information would change college students attitudes and beliefs concerning personal responsibility and involvement in their own health care. Individuals entering a student health service were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. Members of the treatment group (n = 187) received the intervention and completed the survey instrument. Members of the control group (n = 204) completed the survey instrument only. The intervention consisted of one page of general information about the benefits to individuals of taking responsibility for their own health and a booklet containing excerpts from a consumer-oriented health care book. The survey ...
Within the emerging context of the digitization of health care, electronic health records (EHRs) constitute a significant technological advance in the way medical information is stored, communicated, and processed by the multiple parties involved in health care delivery. However, in spite of the anticipated value potential of this technology, there is widespread concern that consumer privacy issues may impede its diffusion. In this study, we pose the question: Can individuals be persuaded to change their attitudes and opt-in behavioral intentions toward EHRs, and allow their medical information to be digitized even in the presence of significant privacy concerns? To investigate this question, we integrate an individuals concern for information privacy (CFIP) with the elaboration likelihood model (ELM) to examine attitude change and likelihood of opting-in to an EHR system. We theorize that issue involvement and argument framing interact to influence ...
Health care personnel (n = 724) working in psychogeriatric care, somatic and psychiatric long-term care, somatic and psychiatric general care and in homes for the aged, were interviewed by means of questionnaires evaluating attitudes and intentions regarding work with demented patients and education in their care. The overall attitude towards demented patients was positive. The largest numbers of personnel with positive attitudes were found in psychogeriatric care and somatic long-term care and the lowest in general medical and psychiatric care. The figure for positive attitudes in relation to education showed a similar figure for all categories. Given a free choice only 4% of the respondents had the intention of working solely with demented patients. A majority of the respondents reported that their knowledge of the care of demented patients came from clinical work. There is a strong need ...
Fourth year physiotherapy students had more positive attitudes towards functioning in individuals with back pain than first year physiotherapy students [57.4 vs 66.6 (mean difference −9.2, 95% confidence interval −12.2 to −6.1, P,0.01)]. Similarly, fourth year non-healthcare students had more positive attitudes towards functioning in individuals with back pain compared with first year non-healthcare students [69.2 vs 65.3 (mean difference −3.9, 95% confidence interval −7.2 to −0.5, P=0.03)]. Physiotherapy students had more positive attitudes than non-healthcare students in the first year [66.6 vs 69.2 (mean difference −2.6, 95% confidence interval −5.5 to 0.4, P=0.08)] and the fourth year [57.4 vs 65.3 (mean difference −7.9, 95% confidence interval −11.4 to −4.4, P,0.01)] of study.. ...
The effect of dispositional optimism on recovery from coronary artery bypass surgery was examined in a group of 51 middle-aged men. Patients provided information at three points in time--(a) on the day before surgery, (b) 6-8 days postoperatively, and (c) 6 months postoperatively. Information was obtained relating to the patients rate of physical recovery, mood, and
Abstract Public acceptance of genetic modification (GM) technologies may be essential to their continued development, yet few studies have investigated the manner in which demographic and educational factors predict support for GM research. The current study examined attitudes toward animal research and GM in ~400 university undergraduates enrolled in introductory or upper-level psychology courses with material on animal experimentation. Results revealed that men were more accepting of animal and GM research than were women. Enrollment in upper-level psychology classes that addressed specific topics in animal research did not directly predict support for GM research, but such enrollment was associated with increased endorsement of the validity of animal research, which then contributed to acceptance of GM scenarios. The current findings highlight the impact of educational variables on support for animal research, which may then influence ...
The primary aim was to conduct a psychometric evaluation of the Attitude towards Pressure ulcer Prevention (APuP) instrument in a Swedish context. A further aim was to describe and compare attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention between registered nurses (RNs), assistant nurses (ANs) and student nurses (SNs). In total, 415 RNs, ANs and SNs responded to the questionnaire. In addition to descriptive and comparative statistics, confirmatory factor analyses were performed. Because of a lack of support for the instrument structure, further explorative and consecutive confirmatory tests were conducted. Overall, positive attitudes towards pressure ulcer prevention were identified for all three groups, but SNs reported lower attitude scores on three items and a higher score on one item compared to RNs and ANs. The findings indicated no support in this Swedish sample for the previously reported five-factor model ...
... Matthew 6:14 For if you let men have forgiveness for their sins, you will have forgiveness from your Father in heaven. (BBE). Matthew 6:15 But if you do not let men have forgiveness for their sins, you will not have forgiveness from your Father for your sins. (BBE). Matthew 9:2 And they took to him a man stretched on a bed who had no power of moving; and Jesus, seeing their faith, said to the man who was ill, Son, take heart; you have forgiveness for your sins. (BBE). Matthew 9:5 For which is the simpler, to say, You have forgiveness for your sins; or to say, Get up and go? (BBE). Matthew 9:6 But so that you may see that on earth the Son of man has authority for the forgiveness of sins, (then said he to the man who was ill,) Get up, and take up your bed, and go to your house. (BBE). Matthew 12:31 This is why I tell you that men may find forgiveness for every other sin and impious word, but that for impious speaking against the Holy Spirit they shall find no ...
Ive debated countless times on how much a candidates attitude affects a potential employers hiring decision. When it comes to the hiring game, there are many intangibles, and the one I hear about most often is attitude. Lets face it, if you want your team to perform at peak levels, adding a new team member is a very big deal, so lets take a closer look to see if seeing the glass half-full or half-empty really matters.. Half-full: People who possess a positive attitude generally have a more creative approach towards solving complex problems, as theyre usually the last person to throw in the towel. These people tend to be optimistic about the outcome in advance and possess the necessary stick-to-it-ness to fail multiple times before finding the right solution. Theyre not afraid to get back on the horse because they believe the answer is just around the corner. Glass-half-full people are persistent, and that "never give up" attitude" gives them ...
In 50 patients with chronic bronchitis the relation was assessed between exercise tolerance and pulmonary function and psychological factors, including subjective perception of exertion, mood, general psychiatric disturbance, and the attitudes and beliefs held by patients concerning themselves, their illness, and its treatment. Ventilatory capacity was significantly correlated with but a poor predictor of exercise tolerance. Subjective perception of exertion was most closely correlated with exercise tolerance. The distance walked in a 12-minute exercise test was significantly correlated with measurements of mood and with several attitudes and beliefs. Attitudes and beliefs greatly outweighed measurements of mood and ventilatory capacity as components in a multiple regression predicting distance walked in 12 minutes. This method of psychological assessment emphasises the importance of ...
Despite progress in recent years, girls and women remain disadvantaged relative to boys in many parts of the world, with multiple negative potential implications. At the heart of gender inequality are social norms and attitudes about gender that give rise to and perpetuate discriminatory institutions, and ultimately inhibit institutional and behavioral change. Despite this, little is understood about the how gender norms and attitudes evolve and adapt. One important question is why is gender inequality acute and persistent in particular societies but not others? A related question is how readily do gender attitudes evolve when women are given more opportunities to advance and thereby influence perceptions about womens relative ability? This project will contribute to our understanding of both questions by collecting new and unique data that will be used to investigate how gender ...
Public attitudes about lung cancer: stigma, support, and predictors of support Jared Weiss,1 Briana J Stephenson,2 Lloyd J Edwards,2 Maureen Rigney,3 Amy Copeland,31Division of Hematology and Oncology, University of North Carolina, 2Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; 3Lung Cancer Alliance, Washington, DC, USA Introduction: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, yet public engagement with efforts against lung cancer is low. Public engagement with a cancer is critical to efforts to combat it, yet the reasons for low support for efforts against lung cancer have not been systematically characterized. Methods: We conducted a telephone survey of 1,071 people to determine levels of engagement and attitudes that might potentially drive engagement. These were then analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Results: Eight percent of participants were involved with a lung cancer ...
Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate attitudes toward oocyte donation and receiving oocytes in relation to gender, demographic variables and other factors that could influence these attitudes, such as anonymity of the donor and financial compensation.. Methods: The study population consisted of 595 subjects divided into two groups; one group contained men and women who had recently become parents and the other group consisted of medical and nursing students. All subjects were asked to answer a study-specific questionnaire.. Results: The proportions of respondents positive toward oocyte donation were 32% in the student group and 37% in the parental group. Of the respondents in the student group, 87% were positive toward donating organs other than oocytes compared with 78% in the parental group (P , 0.05). In the parental group, the respondents that were positive toward organ donation in general were also more positive toward ...
Risk attitudes influence decisions made under uncertainty. This paper investigates the association of risk attitudes with the utilization of preventive and general healthcare services, work absence and resulting costs to explore their contribution to the heterogeneity in utilization. Data of 1823 individuals (56.5 ± 9.5 years), participating in the German KORA FF4 population-based cohort study (2013/2014) were analyzed. Individuals general and health risk attitude were measured as willingness to take risk (WTTR) on 11-point scales. Utilization of preventive and medical services and work absence was assessed and annual costs were calculated from a societal perspective. Generalized linear models with log-link function (logistic, negative-binomial and gamma regression) adjusted for age, sex, and height were used to analyze the association of WTTR with the utilizations and costs. Higher WTTR was significantly associated with ...
The present study explored the effects of 2 variables, affirmative action (AA) attitude and gender, on reactions to 3 test score use (TSU) methods: top-down selection. banding with random selection, and banding with preferences. In a study of 94 upper-division and graduate business students, AA attitude was associated with different reactions to TSU methods in terms of fairness and organizational attractiveness. Moreover, women with negative AA attitudes and men rated banding with preferences lower than the other two methods, but women with positive AA attitudes did not Results are discussed in terms of applicant reactions models, implications for organizations and future research. ...
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The reliance on intense interpersonal and psychological attack to destabilize an individuals sense of self to promote compliance The use of an organized peer group Applying interpersonal pressure to promote conformity The manipulation of the totality of the persons social environment to stabilize behavior once modified https://www.culteducation.com/brainwashing8.html
CONSEQUENCES OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC FEATURES ON ATTITUDES TOWARD SEEKING PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGICAL HELP OF UNDERGRADUATES STUDENTS
The AIDS Attitude Scale (AAS) was developed to measure attitudes toward acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) among college students. In phase one, 67 items, determined by an expert panel to have content validity, were randomly ordered and administered to 164 student volunteers in a large southern university. Fifty-four individual items that correlated significantly (p less than .001) with the total attitude scores were retained for the final version of the scale. In phase two, the revised scale was administered to 135 student volunteers to determine its internal reliability (alpha = .96). Females and older students (21 and over) were significantly more tolerant about AIDS than males and younger students. Preliminary factor analysis revealed three factors explaining approximately 45% of the variance in response patterns; they related to proximity with people with AIDS, moral issues, and social welfare issues. Uses of the instrument in ...
Young men with positive attitudes toward babies and parenting have relatively low physiological reactivity to sexually explicit material, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.. The study, by a team of researchers at the University of Chicago and Wayne State University, showed that men with positive attitudes toward babies had a lower increase in testosterone in response to explicit material compared with men who had less positive attitudes toward babies. The research sheds light on the physiological basis for choices that young men make about whether to focus more on child rearing or pursuing sexual partners.. "Our findings show there is a strong mind-body connection: Liking or not liking babies is related to how a mans body-specifically, his testosterone-responds to sexual stimuli," said behavioral biologist Dario Maestripieri, ...
Respondents in a 1979 survey of Iowa farm operators were divided in their attitudes on several land use planning issues, including whether or not government should undertake land use planning, what levels of government might be most appropriately involved in different planning activities, and the attractiveness of various programs for reducing the conversion of agricultural land to nonfarm uses. Presumably, respondents attitudes on land use planning would correlate with some of their background and situational characteristics, specifically age, education, income and farm size.
Listen to songs from the album Altitudes & Attitude - Single, including Booze & Cigarettes, Tell the World, and Here Again. Buy the album for $3.87. Songs start at $1.29. Free with Apple Music subscription.
Lyrics to Attitude by Misfits: Attitude! / You got some fuckin attitude, / I cant believe what you say to me, / You got some attitude,
Appropriate use criteria (AUC) have been developed for a variety of cardiovascular tests and services. AUC are based on the best available evidence with the goal of identifying which clinical scenarios are likely to result in net patient benefit or harm. Little is known about how well physicians on the clinical care frontlines know about and apply AUC when making decisions about care. Patients do not have a role in developing AUC; their reflections on appropriateness of care have not been well studied.. We conducted an anonymous survey of patients and health care providers and asked them to rate the appropriateness of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for a series of clinical scenarios. We also gathered data on attitudes and awareness of issues related to AUC. We hypothesized that patients and providers would overestimate the appropriateness of MPI compared with the published AUC. We asked respondents to use the same scale used to develop the AUC; they rated 5 clinical ...
April R. Smith, Thomas E. Joiner Jr. and Dorian R. Dodd Examining implicit attitudes toward emaciation and thinness in anorexia nervosa International Journal of Eating Disorders 47. Version of Record online: 30 OCT 2013 , DOI: 10.1002/eat.22210. Complete the form below and we will send an e-mail message containing a link to the selected article on your behalf. Required = Required Field. ...
A quasi-experimental design and multiple regression analysis were used to examine responses of 153 preservice general and special education teachers as a function of (a) participation in an introductory special education course and (b) viewing a co-teaching video (Friend, 2005) versus observing an inclusive classroom. Based on responses to pre- and post-measures (30 test-bank items, Mastropieri & Scruggs, 2010; Preservice Inclusion Survey, Shippen, Crites, Houchins, Tamsey, & Simon, 2005; and Teacher s Sense of Efficacy Scale, Tschannen-Moran, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001), results showed participants knowledge, attitudes, and sense of efficacy increased significantly from pre-to post-course survey (p , .001). In addition, participants who viewed the co-teaching video scored significantly higher on self-efficacy (p = .04) than those who observed in vivo. However, there were no differences in knowledge or attitudes (p , .05) based on video versus ...
Maternal perception of decreased fetal movements and low awareness of fetal movements are associated with a negative birth outcome. Mindfetalness is a method developed for women to facilitate systematic observations of the intensity, character and frequency of fetal movements in late pregnancy. We sought to explore womens attitudes, experiences and compliance in using Mindfetalness. We enrolled 104 pregnant women treated at three maternity clinics in Stockholm, Sweden, from February to July of 2016. We educated 104 women in gestational week 28-32 by providing information about fetal movements and how to practice Mindfetalness. Each was instructed to perform the assessment daily for 15 min. At each subsequent follow-up, the midwife collected information regarding their perceptions of Mindfetalness, and their compliance. Content analyses, descriptive and analytic statistics were used in the analysis of data. Of the women, 93 (89%) were positive towards Mindfetalness and ...
University at Buffalo. BUFFALO, N.Y. - Parenting practices and restrictions when it comes to alcohol use can make a difference with adolescent drinking, and there is considerable value to consistent and sustained parental attitudes about drinking, according to new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist.. This study, however, shows that those same parents who communicate the risks of alcohol use with their young children are often less likely to continue those discussions as their kids get older, a result suggesting that parents shouldnt underestimate the impact of maintaining that messaging as their children move through adolescence, according to Craig Colder.. His study, "A latent growth curve analysis of alcohol-use specific parenting and adolescent alcohol use," was published in the December issue of Addictive Behaviors.. Colder says a parents attitude affects a kids attitude, and subsequently drinking in general.. "What our ...
A new construct, the Science Locus of Control (SciLOC) Orientation, was examined as a predictor of attitudes toward science teaching among 108 preservice elementary teachers. It is postulated that each person holds beliefs regarding the degree of his or her personal control in situations where decision, actions, or other modes of performance require either the application of scientific knowledge or the employment of inductive or deductive reasoning skills associated with scientific thinking. These beliefs give rise to behaviors, including expressed attitudes, which reflect the control orientation. Multiple regression analysis was employed to demonstrate that up to 47 percent of the variance in expressed attitudes toward science teaching can be explained by SciLOC orientation. Further analysis indicated that up to 24 percent of the variance in SciLOC orientation can be explained by differences in ...
This study includes responses to a series of telephone surveys that probed public attitudes toward energy use and conservation in the United States. The data collection effort began in July 1974 and continued through April 1976 as an ongoing project of the United States Federal Energy Administration (now the Department of Energy). Every two weeks, independent samples of the population were interviewed by the Opinion Research Corporation of Princeton, New Jersey, up to a total of 42 surveys containing information obtained from 23,426 respondents. The data were subsequently consolidated in a standard format, with an indication of the date of each survey to facilitate time-series analysis. Variables assessed respondents perceptions of the role of the federal government in energy policy, their knowledge and sources of information about energy, opinions of actual or potential government actions, and personal efforts to conserve energy. Questions were asked about driving habits, ...
Our research focuses on "The Big Three" social categories in United States culture: gender, race, and sexual identity. We approach each of these social categories as research domains from the complementary perspectives of self-perception (viz. identity dynamics) and social perception (viz. the perception of these categories by others who are not the self). Though traditionally treated as different topics within social psychology, our lab combines these foci under the "Social Perception" heading that is the first part of our lab name (donating the SP to our lab acronym: SPAMS). (This approach is similar to approaches taken by personality psychologists and thereby illustrates our integrated social-personality approach.). Adding layer of complexity to the complementary perspectives within our social perception approach, we also focus on attitudes that individuals have regarding the Big Three social categories as defined above. The attitudes ...
When I was accepted to Fiorello H. Laguardia High School of the Arts, I pictured the rest of my life as a creative, paint-spattered, canvas-covered, clay throwing fantasy. Three years later, the thought of creating art in this school makes me sigh and roll my eyes. Going to art school has changed my attitude on art from one of love and freedom to one of disdain and boredom.. My positive attitude on art used to make me feel unique and expressive, I was the artsy friend who got accepted to art school and was going to grow up to be the boldest illustrator or painter or whatever else my peers imagined me doing. Now, my negative attitude towards art is what makes me unique.. Almost everyone else in my school has resolved their disputes about how our bland, monotonous educational system is run. Theyre fine with it, fine with being drilled to make bland art every day of the week. They believe that its helpful. I used to believe the same. Freshman year I saw our ...
Through a prospective observational cohort study enrolling patients newly diagnosed with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV):. Aim 1: Assess attitudes and beliefs about HIV disease and care over time and relate those attitudes and beliefs to success in following the Steps of HIV Care.. Aim 2: Validate a simple visual analogue scale for assessing adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients newly starting HAART in routine care.. Aim 3: Implement latent growth curve analysis for modeling changes in attitudes and beliefs over time, and for assessing the impact of the components of the Steps of HIV Care model on health outcomes. ...
Through a prospective observational cohort study enrolling patients newly diagnosed with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV):. Aim 1: Assess attitudes and beliefs about HIV disease and care over time and relate those attitudes and beliefs to success in following the Steps of HIV Care.. Aim 2: Validate a simple visual analogue scale for assessing adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients newly starting HAART in routine care.. Aim 3: Implement latent growth curve analysis for modeling changes in attitudes and beliefs over time, and for assessing the impact of the components of the Steps of HIV Care model on health outcomes. ...
Dr. William Sears session, "L.E.A.N.-Lifestyle, Exercise, Attitude, Nutrition," detailed his new healthy living program, which focuses on childrens eating and living habits. His book on the subject will be available this year, followed by L.E.A.N. for teens and L.E.A.N for adults.. Lifestyle means looking at the whole picture. For example, is your family more sedentary than active? Exercise promotes healthier bodies and healthier minds. Attitude incorporates happiness, positive thinking, and lower stress. Nutrition involves eating the right fats, eating the right carbs, and letting food be your medicine.. Examples of enhancing a familys lifestyle and attitude included "laughter: the best medicine," and the "use of positive affirmations." Corn syrup and hydrogenated oils topped his "no-no" list. A long list of great foods for children was offered, including, yogurt, flax, cinnamon, pink grapefruit, and turkey. He also talked at length of the benefits of wild ...
Both implicit and explicit cognitions play an important role in the development of addictive behavior. This study investigated the influence of a single-session motivational interview (MI) on implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognition and whether this intervention was successful in consequently decreasing alcohol use in at-risk adolescents. Implicit and explicit alcohol-related cognitions were assessed at pretest and one month posttest in 125 Dutch at-risk adolescents ranging in age from 15 to 23 (51 males) with adapted versions of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) and an expectancy questionnaire. Motivation to change, alcohol use and alcohol-related problems were measured with self-report questionnaires, at pretest, at posttest after one month, and at the six-month follow-up. Although the quality of the intervention was rated positively, the results did not yield support for any differential effects of the intervention on drinking ...
Despite the sudden rash of nervousness among Democratic lawmakers over the problems plaguing the rollout of Obamacare, the death of the Affordable Care Act is not on the horizon.Alexander Burns and Katie Glueck assess the situation HERE:A White House under siege. A signature policy initiative turning into an embarrassing public spectacle. Dissent within the presidents own party that threatens to turn into a full-blown revolt.For Republicans, such a moment came in 2005, as the party faced a daunting midterm election under the shadow of the disastrous Iraq War and a presidency in the dumps. For Democrats, ... Read more
A method and system is disclosed for imaging a celestial object, typically the Earth, with a spacecraft orbiting the celestial object. The method includes steps of (a) operating an imager instrument aboard the spacecraft to generate data representing an image of the celestial object; (b) processing the image data to derive the location of at least one predetermined landmark in the image and a location of edges of the celestial object in the image; and (c) further processing the detected locations to obtain the attitude of the imager instrument. The method includes a further step of outputting the image and the imager instrument attitude to at least one end-user of the image, and/or using the imager instrument attitude to revise the image before outputting the image to the at least one end-user of the image. The generated data preferably represents a one half frame image, and the steps of processing and further processing thus occur at a one half frame rate. ...
BELINDA DAVIS LAZARUS and THOMAS CALLAHAN University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, Michigan, USA Attitude toward reading affects students achievement. While conventional wisdom and comparisons with low-skilled, non-disabled students suggest that students with learning disabilities have negative attitudes toward reading, few studies exist to support these inferences. The present study uses the Elementary Reading Attitude Survey (McKenna & Kear, 1990) to describe elementary students diagnosed with learning disabilities attitudes toward academic and recreational reading and to compare their attitudes with those expressed by their non-disabled peers. The findings show that students with learning disabilities who received reading instruction in special-education, resource rooms expressed reading attitudes that equaled or exceeded those ...
Professional counselors are ethically bound to provide culturally responsive counseling services. Multicultural competence is an ongoing process and requires one to continually improve in three main areas: knowledge, attitudes and skills. While the literature provides an extensive amount of information on many minority populations, information on the English-speaking Caribbean population remains largely nonexistent. Likewise, despite the growing numbers of Caribbean college students in the United States, Caribbean mental health is still not addressed in graduate counseling programs. This dearth of information on Caribbeans may negatively impact a counselors ability to provide culturally appropriate services to Caribbean college students. This article provides a brief overview of the Caribbean culture in an effort to equip counselors with the resources needed to increase knowledge, improve skills, and examine their attitudes towards this ...
An attitude scale developed by Dutton, Petrie, and Adams was administered by classroom teachers to 850 pupils in grades 4-6 in 10 schools in one school system in September and again in May. The scale had two parts, a 15-item section assessing feelings toward mathematics and another part that asked the child to rank-order the subjects liked, best to least. In grade 4, mathematics was a liked subject in both testings. Pupils in grade 5 indicated a positive attitude toward mathematics, and it ranked in the top three subjects except in one school, with little change from beginning to end of the year. In grade 6, pupils for the most part ranked mathematics as a liked subject in September, but it was ranked lower in half the schools in May. Fear of word problems was cited at all three levels as a reason for disliking mathematics. Children liked mathematics because they considered it important and fun. (MNS)
Part III H.G. Wells, Sigmund Freud, Edgar Rice Burroughs And The Development Of Contemporary Sexual Attitudes by R.E. Prindle Now we come to the 800 lb. gorilla on top the modern psyche: Sigmund Freud. If anyone ever wrote to corrupt the morals of society or with more astuteness, that man was Herr…
Purpose To evaluate the impact of Laduma, a health education intervention, on the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices regarding sexually transmitted infections among secondary school learners in KwaZulu-Natal. Objectives The objectives of the study were to determine knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and practices of secondary school learners regarding sexually transmitted infections at baseline and post-exposure to Laduma; assess intended behaviour change regarding sexually transmitted infections and condom use as well as the awareness of skills to achieve such behaviour; assess learners perceived vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections; assess comprehension, acceptability and appeal of the photonovella among learners and to assess whether learners can identify with the characters and situations in the photo-novella. Design This was an experimental study design. Setting Nineteen randomly selected secondary schools ...
This study argues that President Obamas strong association with an issue like health care should polarize public opinion by racial attitudes and race. Consistent with that hypothesis, racial attitudes had a significantly larger impact on health care opinions in fall 2009 than they had in cross-sectional surveys from the past two decades and in panel data collected before Obama became the face of the policy. Moreover, the experiments embedded in one of those reinterview surveys found health care policies were significantly more racialized when attributed to President Obama than they were when these same proposals were framed as President Clintons 1993 reform efforts. Dozens of media polls from 1993 to 1994 and from 2009 to 2010 are also pooled together to show that with African Americans overwhelmingly supportive of Obamas legislative proposals, the racial divide in health care opinions was 20 percentage points greater in 2009-10 than it was ...
Background: In Namibia, studies showed that HIV/AIDS affects youth, especially the under 24 years age group. At the same time the pregnancy rate is also high by age 19. Interestingly, in Andara district several reports from staff working in the reproductive services have indicated that adolescent girls, who would seem to be taking responsibility in one sphere of their sexual lives by protecting themselves against unwanted pregnancy, were however not using condoms to protect themselves from HIV infection. Study Aim and Objectives: To describe the knowledge, attitude and behaviour related to HIV/AIDS amongst female adolescents who are accessing the primary health care (PHC) services for contraception. Specific objectives were to describe the knowledge of female adolescents who are accessing the PHC services for contraception about the modes of transmission and prevention of HIV/AIDS, to assess their attitude with regards to condom use, abstinence and being faithful to one ...
Stigma associated with mental disorders represents one main obstacle to receive appropriate care for people with mental disorders. Compared to adults, university students have higher levels of stigmatizing attitudes toward patients with schizophrenia. The primary aim of this case-control study was to assess university students ability to identify stigma toward schizophrenia in Italian newspapers. Secondary aims were: a) to explore differences in stigmatizing attitudes among two different groups of university students (health professionals [HP] and nonhealth professionals [n-HP]) and b) to compare the attitudes of these two groups with those of a sample of expert psychiatrists. The electronic archives of two Italian newspapers were searched using the term "schizo" (as a word or part of it). One hundred seventy articles published between January and December 2011 were identified. Students from the HP group and ...

Implicit Bias (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)Implicit Bias (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

1995, "Attitudes as object-evaluation associations: Determinants, consequences, and correlates of attitude accessibility", in ... Implicit Attitudes, and Moral Responsibility", Noûs, 48: 21-40.. *---, forthcoming, "Neither fish nor fowl: Implicit attitudes ... subjects who have negative implicit attitudes toward A (a fictitious person) will have positive implicit attitudes toward B if ... agents might be unaware of the content of their implicit attitudes, the source of their implicit attitudes, or the effects of ...
more infohttps://plato.stanford.edu/entries/implicit-bias/index.html

Frontiers | (Biased) Grading of Students Performance: Students Names, Performance Level, and Implicit Attitudes | PsychologyFrontiers | (Biased) Grading of Students' Performance: Students' Names, Performance Level, and Implicit Attitudes | Psychology

... and implicit attitudes toward individuals with a migrant background on performance assessment (assigned grades and number of ... more pronounced when the performance level was poor and the pre-service teachers held relatively positive implicit attitudes ... more pronounced when the performance level was poor and the pre-service teachers held relatively positive implicit attitudes ... and implicit attitudes toward individuals with a migrant background on performance assessment (assigned grades and number of ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00481/full

The Effect of Implicit Moral Attitudes on Managerial Decision-Making: 
An Implicit Social Cognition Approach | SpringerLinkThe Effect of Implicit Moral Attitudes on Managerial Decision-Making: An Implicit Social Cognition Approach | SpringerLink

This article concerns itself with the relationship between implicit moral cognitions and decisions in the realm of business ... and Correlates of Attitude Accessibility, in R. E. Petty, J. A. Krosnick (eds.), Attitude Strength: Antecedents and ... business ethics ethical decision-making implicit association test (IAT) implicit attitudes implicit social cognition mental ... explicit attitudes on ethical decision-making and neglected intuitive or implicit attitudes. Therefore, based on an implicit ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10551-008-9754-8

Implicit attitude - WikipediaImplicit attitude - Wikipedia

Flexibility of implicit attitudes is best demonstrated through measures that include accessibility effects. For example, it has ... that attitude of attribute "B" is known to be an implicit attitude. Earlier research findings on implicit attitudes show that ... culture has a very noticeable effect on implicit attitude in the way implicit attitude differs from ones explicit attitude. ... Attitudes and attitude change (pp. 61-84). Greenwald, A.G.; Banaji, M.R. (1995). "Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self- ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Implicit_attitude

Bertram Gawronski - WikipediaBertram Gawronski - Wikipedia

The APE model has been instrumental in explaining diverging patterns of attitude change, including (a) changes in implicit but ... Gawronski, B., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2005). Accessibility effects on implicit social cognition: The role of knowledge ... Gawronski, B., Hofmann, W., & Wilbur, C. J. (2006). Are "implicit" attitudes unconscious? Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 485- ... Gawronski, B., & LeBel, E. P. (2008). Understanding patterns of attitude change: When implicit measures show change, but ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bertram_Gawronski

Frontiers | Predicting Behavior With Implicit Measures: Disillusioning Findings, Reasonable Explanations, and Sophisticated...Frontiers | Predicting Behavior With Implicit Measures: Disillusioning Findings, Reasonable Explanations, and Sophisticated...

With implicit measures like the IAT, researchers hoped to finally be able to bridge the gap between self-reported attitudes on ... With implicit measures like the IAT, researchers hoped to finally be able to bridge the gap between self-reported attitudes on ... the introduction of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) sparked enthusiastic reactions. ... the introduction of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) sparked enthusiastic reactions. ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02483/full

Project Implicit® - BibliographyProject Implicit® - Bibliography

Roskos-Ewoldsen, D. R., Fazio, R. H. (1992). On the orienting value of attitudes: Attitude accessibility as a determinant of an ... Fazio, R. H., Williams, C. J. (1986). Attitude accessibility as a moderator of the attitude^perception and attitude behavior ... Maio, G. R., Olson, J. M. (1995). The effect of attitude dissimulation on attitude accessibility. Social Cognition. Vol 13(2), ... Krosnick, J. A. (1989). Attitude importance and attitude accessibility. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin. Vol 15(3), ...
more infohttps://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/demo/background/bibliochrono.html

References | When Im 64 | The National Academies PressReferences | When I'm 64 | The National Academies Press

... and correlates of attitude accessibility. In R.E. Petty and J.A. Krosnick (Eds.), Attitude strength: Antecedents and ... Nosek, B.A., Banaji, M.R., and Greenwald, A.G. (2002). Harvesting implicit group attitudes and beliefs from a demonstration ... Greenwald, A.G., and Banaji, M. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological ... Vargas, P.T., von Hippel, W., and Petty, R.E. (2004). Using partially structured attitude measures to enhance the attitude- ...
more infohttps://www.nap.edu/read/11474/chapter/9

Methodological Innovations in Social Psychology (Sage Library in Social Psychology), Harry T Reis (Edited ) - Shop Online for...Methodological Innovations in Social Psychology (Sage Library in Social Psychology), Harry T Reis (Edited ) - Shop Online for...

On the Automatic Activation of Attitudes - Russell Fazio et al. An Inkblot for Attitudes: Affect Misattribution as Implicit ... Category Accessibility and Impression Formation - E. Tory Higgins, William Rholes and Carl Jones Automaticity of Social ... A New Paradigm for Measuring Affect and Attitude - Edward Jones and Harold Sigall VOLUME TWO: METHODS FOR STUDYING OTHER SOCIAL ... Measuring Individual Differences in Implicit Cognition: The Implicit Association Test - Anthony Greenwald, Debbie McGhee and ...
more infohttps://www.fishpond.com.au/Books/Methodological-Innovations-Social-Psychology-Harry-T-Reis-Edited-by/9781446295540

Chapter 12 - Social Psychology Flashcards by Natalie Tabolt | BrainscapeChapter 12 - Social Psychology Flashcards by Natalie Tabolt | Brainscape

Ex of attitude accessibility Activated attitudes are more stable, predictive of behavior, and resistant to change. ... Ppl who had implicit attitudes about blacks were less likely to vote for Obama ... Operant conditioning shapes attitudes as well - studying and getting a good grade makes you have a more positive attitude ... An uncomfortable mental state due to a contradiction between two attitudes or between an attitude and a behavior ...
more infohttps://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/chapter-12-social-psychology-4599147/packs/6759724

Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents | BMC...Influence of contact with schizophrenia on implicit attitudes towards schizophrenia patients held by clinical residents | BMC...

Their attitudes toward schizophrenia were assessed twice, before and one month after clinical training in psychiatry using the ... evaluated the influence of contact with schizophrenia patients on attitudes toward schizophrenia by comparing the attitudes ... and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia. We assessed ... Implicit Association Test (IAT) as well as Links devaluation-discrimination scale. The old term for schizophrenia, ...
more infohttps://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-244X-12-205

Cognition in the Workplace 2 Flashcards - Cram.comCognition in the Workplace 2 Flashcards - Cram.com

What is an Implicit Attitude? *Implicit attitudes are activated (by particular objects, events, persons, or situations) and ... How does Attitude Accessibility relate to attitude strength? *The speed with which the attitude comes to mind is associated ... Most common for attitude scales. *Ordinal scale of measurement (the numbers refer to the ranks of objects or events arranged in ... Contains a large number of statements expressing a variety of attitudes toward a given topic. *Typical to have a 5-point scale ...
more infohttp://www.cram.com/flashcards/cognition-in-the-workplace-2-465347

Social Cognition Center Cologne: PublicationsSocial Cognition Center Cologne: Publications

Hahn, A., Judd, C. M., Hirsh, H. K., & Blair, I. V. (2014). Awareness of implicit attitudes. Journal of Experimental Psychology ... The effects of acute and chronic construct accessibility on the temporal stability of the Implicit Association Test. Journal of ... Moderated predictive validity of explicit and implicit attitude measures in predicting food choice and consumption behaviour. ... Hahn, A., & Gawronski, B. (2014). Do implicit evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 28- ...
more infohttp://soccco.uni-koeln.de/hofmann-group_publications.html

Social Cognition Center Cologne: PublicationsSocial Cognition Center Cologne: Publications

Hahn, A., Judd, C. M., Hirsh, H. K., & Blair, I. V. (2014). Awareness of implicit attitudes. Journal of Experimental Psychology ... The effects of acute and chronic construct accessibility on the temporal stability of the Implicit Association Test. Journal of ... Moderated predictive validity of explicit and implicit attitude measures in predicting food choice and consumption behaviour. ... Hahn, A., & Gawronski, B. (2014). Do implicit evaluations reflect unconscious attitudes? Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37, 28- ...
more infohttp://soccco.uni-koeln.de/hofmann-group_publications.html?&no_cache=1&L=1

Social Psychology - Questions, Answers and Illustrations - Part I - kronemyer.comSocial Psychology - Questions, Answers and Illustrations - Part I - kronemyer.com

a. The attitude-behavior relationship in our heads. The naïve intuition that a persons attitudes are strongly related to her/ ... i. Attitude accessibility. The strength of association between an object and ones evaluation of it. ... These variables may include the style of delivery, how long it is, the response of others and other implicit cues. ... b. When does attitude predict behavior? The conditions under which attitudes in fact predict behavior by creating a social ...
more infohttps://www.kronemyer.com/journal/2018/10/14/social-psychology-questions-answers-and-illustrations-part-i

The pride learning bias : evidence that pride displays cue knowledge and guide social learning - UBC Library Open CollectionsThe pride learning bias : evidence that pride displays cue knowledge and guide social learning - UBC Library Open Collections

Greenwald, A. G., & Banaji, M. R. (1995). Implicit social cognition: Attitudes, self-esteem, and stereotypes. Psychological ... Steers, R. M. (1975). Effects of need for achievement on the job performance-job attitude relationship. Journal of Applied ... Bargh, J. A., & Tota, M. E. (1988). Context-dependent automatic processing in depression: Accessibility of negative constructs ... Banse, R., Seise, J., & Zerbes, N. (2001). Implicit attitudes towards homosexuals: Reliability, validity, and controllability ...
more infohttps://open.library.ubc.ca/cIRcle/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0166990

Doing the hard yards: carer and provider focus group perspectives of accessing Aboriginal childhood disability services | BMC...'Doing the hard yards': carer and provider focus group perspectives of accessing Aboriginal childhood disability services | BMC...

Accessibility. The dimension of accessibility concerns geographic location and physical premises. Although the forum had a ... Whether implicit or explicit, these issues must be considered and addressed in the provision of disability services within the ... Another deterrent was the perceived attitude of some organisations: "They make you feel like they are doing you a favour by ... Social marginalisation, mistrust in government services and agencies, cultural attitudes towards disability, a lack of ...
more infohttps://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-13-326

Illegal performance enhancing drugs and doping in sport: a picture-based brief implicit association test for measuring athletes...Illegal performance enhancing drugs and doping in sport: a picture-based brief implicit association test for measuring athletes...

Indirect reaction-time based attitude tests, such as the implicit association test, conceal the ultimate goal of measurement ... As expected, in the group of bodybuilders, indirectly measured doping attitudes as tested with the picture-based doping-BIAT ... The Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS) was employed as a corresponding direct measure in order to additionally ... The present study serves the development and validation of a novel picture-based brief implicit association test (BIAT) for ...
more infohttps://0-substanceabusepolicy-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1747-597X-9-7

A longitudinal study on how implicit attitudes and explicit cognitions synergistically influence physical activity intention...A longitudinal study on how implicit attitudes and explicit cognitions synergistically influence physical activity intention...

As well as targeting explicit cognitions, steering a persons implicit attitude towards a more positive one, i.e. by implicit ... T0-neutral implicit attitudes were associated with the relationship between T0 intention and T1 PA. Negative implicit attitudes ... as well as a Single-Category Implicit Association Task to measure implicit attitudes towards PA at baseline (T0), and at one ( ... The aim of the current study was to investigate the direct effects of explicit cognitions and implicit attitudes on PA behavior ...
more infohttps://0-bmcpsychology-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/s40359-018-0229-0

Assessing youth-friendly-health-services and supporting planning in the Republic of Moldova | Reproductive Health | Full TextAssessing youth-friendly-health-services and supporting planning in the Republic of Moldova | Reproductive Health | Full Text

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Youth 15-24 years surveys (2006-2012), National Household surveys (2006, 2008, 2010, ... High satisfaction with services and youth friendly attitudes of staff were reported by clients for the older centres. Staff in ... aim at influencing the determinants affecting behaviours in relation to condom/contraception use as well as the accessibility ... Implicit logic model of the Healthy Generation Project. Process. Were the activities implemented according to plan? ...
more infohttps://reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12978-015-0088-6

Social Cognition - Psychology - Oxford BibliographiesSocial Cognition - Psychology - Oxford Bibliographies

... attitudes, values, etc. Recent research has introduced concerns with dissociating the implicit from the explicit components of ... researching attitude change), Gordon Allport (analyzing the nature of prejudice and stereotyping), Solomon Asch (investigating ... Accessibility of Mental Representations. *Implicit Bias Exerted on Implicit Processing. *Implicit Bias Exerted on Explicit ... Social cognition is concerned with the study of the thought processes, both implicit and explicit, through which humans attain ...
more infohttps://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199828340/obo-9780199828340-0099.xml

The Data on Diversity | November 2014 | Communications of the ACMThe Data on Diversity | November 2014 | Communications of the ACM

... and then take the Implicit Attitude test5 at https://implicit.harvard.edu/implicit/. ... I have come to understand that people see me through the lens of their own experiences and cultural attitudes. Similarly, I ... It happened, in large part, because of the efforts and advocacy of Harrenstien and the accessibility engineer who worked with ... Project Implicit at Harvard hosts an online test of implicit associations: the users implicit association between two concepts ...
more infohttps://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2014/11/179827-the-data-on-diversity/fulltext

Terror management theory - WikipediaTerror management theory - Wikipedia

... increased their already positive attitudes towards the behavior.[20] The reasons behind individuals optimistic attitudes ... At an implicit, subconscious level, this is the case even for people who claim to be nonreligious.[38][39] ... Death thought accessibilityEdit. Another paradigm that TMT researchers use to get at unconscious concerns about death is what ... have a more positive attitude towards their life. Specifically, death cognition in the form of anti-smoking warnings werent ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terror_management_theory

Two Traditions of Research on Gender Identity, Sex Roles | 10.1007/s11199-015-0480-2 | DeepDyveTwo Traditions of Research on Gender Identity, Sex Roles | 10.1007/s11199-015-0480-2 | DeepDyve

Implicit individual differences: Relationships between implicit self-esteem, gender identity, and gender attitudes ... When being a girl matters less: Accessibility of gender‐related self‐knowledge in single‐sex and coeducational classes and its ... Attitude-behavior relations: A theoretical analysis and review of empirical research. Ajzen, I; Fishbein, M ... A unified theory of implicit attitudes, stereotypes, self-esteem, and self-concept ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/two-traditions-of-research-on-gender-identity-k09NSppobY

Automatic evaluation of body-related words among young women: an experimental study | BMC Public Health | Full TextAutomatic evaluation of body-related words among young women: an experimental study | BMC Public Health | Full Text

... to assess implicit attitudes toward fatness and thinness. Strong implicit negative attitudes toward fatness and positive ... Powell M, Fazio R: Attitude accessibility as a function of repeated attitudinal expression. Personality and Social Psychology ... That is, stronger implicit anti-fat attitudes were associated with individuals choosing to sit further away from an overweight ... Future research that parallels assessment of implicit racial attitudes [e.g., [69]], is required to determine the potential ...
more infohttps://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-10-308
  • 2001) found that implicit attitude of prejudice against African Americans could be shaped through diversity training intervention using variables at an emotional level rather than increased awareness of bias which helped explicit attitude more. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although many efforts have been made to eradicate both prejudice and stigma, they still prevail even among medical professionals, and little is known about how contact with schizophrenia patients affects their attitudes towards schizophrenia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results might contribute to an understanding of the formation of negative attitudes about schizophrenia and assist in developing appropriate clinical training in psychiatry that could reduce prejudice and stigma concerning schizophrenia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In 2012, follow-up research by Gawronski and his colleagues qualified such a strong interpretation by showing that undecided individuals selectively search for information that is consistent with their implicit preferences, which in turn provides the basis for conscious decisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another influential line of research by Gawronski investigated the generalization versus contextualization of implicit evaluations (conducted in collaboration with Robert Rydell at Indiana University, US, Bram Vervliet at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, and Jan De Houwer Ghent University, Belgium). (wikipedia.org)
  • Ten Frequently Asked Questions about Implicit Measures and Their Frequently Supposed, but Not Entirely Correct Answers - Bertram Gawronski The Bogus Pipeline: A New Paradigm for Measuring Affect and Attitude - Edward Jones and Harold Sigall VOLUME TWO: METHODS FOR STUDYING OTHER SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESSES IN THE LABORATORY The Road to Agreement: Subgroup Pressures in Small Group Consensus Processes - William Godwin and Frank Restle Social Categorization and Intergroup Behaviour - Henri Tajfel et al. (fishpond.com.au)
  • Psychological research on implicit bias is relatively recent (§1), but a host of metaphysical (§2), epistemological (§3), and ethical questions (§4) about implicit bias are pressing. (stanford.edu)
  • Indirect tests are especially useful when socially sensitive constructs such as attitudes towards doping need to be described. (beds.ac.uk)
  • An attitude is differentiated from the concept of a stereotype in that it functions as a broad favorable or unfavorable characteristic towards a social object, whereas a stereotype is a set of favorable and/or unfavorable characteristics which are applied to an individual based on social group membership. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite his explicitly egalitarian belief, Frank might nevertheless implicitly associate women with the home, and this implicit association might lead him to behave in any number of biased ways, from trusting feedback from female co-workers less to hiring equally qualified men over women. (stanford.edu)
  • This study examines the effects of a migrant background, performance level, and implicit attitudes toward individuals with a migrant background on performance assessment (assigned grades and number of errors counted in a dictation). (frontiersin.org)
  • 1995) have suggested that attribute "B" is in fact an implicit attitude when the judge or subject cannot identify attribute "B" as the source of the judgement for attribute "A". Moreover, when attribute "B" is associated with a positive or negative attitude and additionally is unknowingly and automatically transferred onto attribute "A", that attitude of attribute "B" is known to be an implicit attitude. (wikipedia.org)
  • As expected, in the group of bodybuilders, indirectly measured doping attitudes as tested with the picture-based doping-BIAT were significantly less negative (η 2 = .11). (beds.ac.uk)
  • Thus, while what one thinks about a person and what goals one adopts when interacting with that person are influenced by how one categorizes that person (which is based on attention and memory retrieval), it is also true that attention, memory, and categorization are determined by goals, context, attitudes, values, etc. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • For example, it is possible to explain implicit partisanship or implicit egotism in terms of a halo effect, however these concepts will discussed more in subsequent sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1992). The generality of the automatic attitude activation effect. (harvard.edu)
  • The Performance Enhancement Attitude Scale (PEAS) was employed as a corresponding direct measure in order to additionally validate the results. (beds.ac.uk)