Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip: Replacement of the hip joint.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Arthroplasty: Surgical reconstruction of a joint to relieve pain or restore motion.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Hip Prosthesis: Replacement for a hip joint.Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Prostheses and Implants: Artificial substitutes for body parts, and materials inserted into tissue for functional, cosmetic, or therapeutic purposes. Prostheses can be functional, as in the case of artificial arms and legs, or cosmetic, as in the case of an artificial eye. Implants, all surgically inserted or grafted into the body, tend to be used therapeutically. IMPLANTS, EXPERIMENTAL is available for those used experimentally.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Drug Implants: Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Osteoarthritis, Hip: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the hip joint which usually appears in late middle or old age. It is characterized by growth or maturational disturbances in the femoral neck and head, as well as acetabular dysplasia. A dominant symptom is pain on weight-bearing or motion.Prosthesis-Related Infections: Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).Cementation: The joining of objects by means of a cement (e.g., in fracture fixation, such as in hip arthroplasty for joining of the acetabular component to the femoral component). In dentistry, it is used for the process of attaching parts of a tooth or restorative material to a natural tooth or for the attaching of orthodontic bands to teeth by means of an adhesive.Bone Cements: Adhesives used to fix prosthetic devices to bones and to cement bone to bone in difficult fractures. Synthetic resins are commonly used as cements. A mixture of monocalcium phosphate, monohydrate, alpha-tricalcium phosphate, and calcium carbonate with a sodium phosphate solution is also a useful bone paste.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Breast Implants: Implants used to reconstruct and/or cosmetically enhance the female breast. They have an outer shell or envelope of silicone elastomer and are filled with either saline or silicone gel. The outer shell may be either smooth or textured.Implants, Experimental: Artificial substitutes for body parts and materials inserted into organisms during experimental studies.Osteoarthritis, Knee: Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle: Replacement of the ANKLE JOINT.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Polyethylene: A vinyl polymer made from ethylene. It can be branched or linear. Branched or low-density polyethylene is tough and pliable but not to the same degree as linear polyethylene. Linear or high-density polyethylene has a greater hardness and tensile strength. Polyethylene is used in a variety of products, including implants and prostheses.Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Dental Implantation, Endosseous: Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Hip Dislocation: Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Orbital Implants: Rounded objects made of coral, teflon, or alloplastic polymer and covered with sclera, and which are implanted in the orbit following enucleation. An artificial eye (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) is usually attached to the anterior of the orbital implant for cosmetic purposes.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Dental Implants, Single-Tooth: Devices, usually alloplastic, surgically inserted into or onto the jawbone, which support a single prosthetic tooth and serve either as abutments or as cosmetic replacements for missing teeth.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Joint DiseasesProsthesis Fitting: The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)Arthroplasty, Replacement, Elbow: Replacement of the ELBOW JOINT.Femur Head: The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)Surgery, Computer-Assisted: Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.Pain, Postoperative: Pain during the period after surgery.Patella: The flat, triangular bone situated at the anterior part of the KNEE.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Finger: Partial or total replacement of one or more FINGERS, or a FINGER JOINT.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Bone Malalignment: Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.Polyethylenes: Synthetic thermoplastics that are tough, flexible, inert, and resistant to chemicals and electrical current. They are often used as biocompatible materials for prostheses and implants.Femur Head Necrosis: Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.Bone Transplantation: The grafting of bone from a donor site to a recipient site.Osteolysis: Dissolution of bone that particularly involves the removal or loss of calcium.Femoral Neck Fractures: Fractures of the short, constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters. It excludes intertrochanteric fractures which are HIP FRACTURES.Total Disc Replacement: The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Pain Measurement: Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported: A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Ankylosis: Fixation and immobility of a joint.Absorbable Implants: Implants constructed of materials designed to be absorbed by the body without producing an immune response. They are usually composed of plastics and are frequently used in orthopedics and orthodontics.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Osteoarthritis: A progressive, degenerative joint disease, the most common form of arthritis, especially in older persons. The disease is thought to result not from the aging process but from biochemical changes and biomechanical stresses affecting articular cartilage. In the foreign literature it is often called osteoarthrosis deformans.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Surgical Procedures, Minimally Invasive: Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.Arthrodesis: The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Blood Loss, Surgical: Loss of blood during a surgical procedure.Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of a prosthesis.Periprosthetic Fractures: Fractures around joint replacement prosthetics or implants. They can occur intraoperatively or postoperatively.Osseointegration: The growth action of bone tissue as it assimilates surgically implanted devices or prostheses to be used as either replacement parts (e.g., hip) or as anchors (e.g., endosseous dental implants).Operative Blood Salvage: Recovery of blood lost from surgical procedures for reuse by the same patient in AUTOLOGOUS BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS. It is collected during (intraoperatively) or after completion of (postoperatively) the surgical procedures.Dental Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of dental prostheses in general or a specific dental prosthesis. It does not include DENTURE DESIGN. The framework usually consists of metal.Hip Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the hip.Chromium Alloys: Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.Surgical Wound Infection: Infection occurring at the site of a surgical incision.Hip Dislocation, Congenital: Congenital dislocation of the hip generally includes subluxation of the femoral head, acetabular dysplasia, and complete dislocation of the femoral head from the true acetabulum. This condition occurs in approximately 1 in 1000 live births and is more common in females than in males.Durapatite: The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.Foreign-Body Reaction: Chronic inflammation and granuloma formation around irritating foreign bodies.Femoral Nerve: A nerve originating in the lumbar spinal cord (usually L2 to L4) and traveling through the lumbar plexus to provide motor innervation to extensors of the thigh and sensory innervation to parts of the thigh, lower leg, and foot, and to the hip and knee joints.Leg Length Inequality: A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.Elbow Joint: A hinge joint connecting the FOREARM to the ARM.Postoperative Care: The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Device Removal: Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.Tantalum: Tantalum. A rare metallic element, atomic number 73, atomic weight 180.948, symbol Ta. It is a noncorrosive and malleable metal that has been used for plates or disks to replace cranial defects, for wire sutures, and for making prosthetic devices. (Dorland, 28th ed)Blood Transfusion, Autologous: Reinfusion of blood or blood products derived from the patient's own circulation. (Dorland, 27th ed)Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Joint Deformities, Acquired: Deformities acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease. The joint deformity is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and leprosy.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Immediate Dental Implant Loading: Endosseous dental implantation where implants are fitted with an abutment or where an implant with a transmucosal coronal portion is used immediately (within 1 week) after the initial extraction. Conventionally, the implantation is performed in two stages with more than two months in between the stages.Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.Debridement: The removal of foreign material and devitalized or contaminated tissue from or adjacent to a traumatic or infected lesion until surrounding healthy tissue is exposed. (Dorland, 27th ed)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.Femoral Fractures: Fractures of the femur.ArthritisHemiarthroplasty: A partial joint replacement in which only one surface of the joint is replaced with a PROSTHESIS.Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Ossification, Heterotopic: The development of bony substance in normally soft structures.Postoperative Period: The period following a surgical operation.Patient Satisfaction: The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Dental Abutments: Natural teeth or teeth roots used as anchorage for a fixed or removable denture or other prosthesis (such as an implant) serving the same purpose.Chromium: A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.Photogrammetry: Making measurements by the use of stereoscopic photographs.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.Motion Therapy, Continuous Passive: Movement of a body part initiated and maintained by a mechanical or electrical device to restore normal range of motion to joints, muscles, or tendons after surgery, prosthesis implantation, contracture flexion, or long immobilization.Humeral Head: The portion of the upper rounded extremity fitting into the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA. (from Stedman, 27th ed)Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Denture, Overlay: Removable prosthesis constructed over natural teeth or implanted studs.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Awards and PrizesRotator Cuff: The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.Fracture Fixation, Internal: The use of internal devices (metal plates, nails, rods, etc.) to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Hallux Rigidus: A condition caused by degenerative arthritis (see OSTEOARTHRITIS) of the METATARSOPHALANGEAL JOINT of the great toe and characterized by pain and limited dorsiflexion, but relatively unrestricted plantar flexion.Osteonecrosis: Death of a bone or part of a bone, either atraumatic or posttraumatic.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Molteno Implants: Devices implanted to control intraocular pressure by allowing aqueous fluid to drain from the anterior chamber. (Hoffman, Pocket Glossary of Ophthalmologic Terminology, 1989)Registries: The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.Arthritis, Rheumatoid: A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.Arthralgia: Pain in the joint.Early Ambulation: Procedure to accelerate the ability of a patient to walk or move about by reducing the time to AMBULATION. It is characterized by a shorter period of hospitalization or recumbency than is normally practiced.Postoperative Hemorrhage: Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.Eye, Artificial: A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Tranexamic Acid: Antifibrinolytic hemostatic used in severe hemorrhage.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Preoperative Care: Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Preoperative Period: The period before a surgical operation.Cobalt: A trace element that is a component of vitamin B12. It has the atomic symbol Co, atomic number 27, and atomic weight 58.93. It is used in nuclear weapons, alloys, and pigments. Deficiency in animals leads to anemia; its excess in humans can lead to erythrocytosis.Silicone Gels: Synthetic organosiloxane gels that are formed from synthetic polymers of silicone oxide with organic sidechains (polydimethylsiloxane) by lengthening the polymer chains. Unlike silicone elastomers, they are not treated with amorphous silica. They are used as fillers in breast implants.Metatarsophalangeal Joint: The articulation between a metatarsal bone (METATARSAL BONES) and a phalanx.Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Trenbolone Acetate: An anabolic steroid used mainly as an anabolic agent in veterinary practice.Length of Stay: The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Outcome Assessment (Health Care): Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).Silicones: A broad family of synthetic organosiloxane polymers containing a repeating silicon-oxygen backbone with organic side groups attached via carbon-silicon bonds. Depending on their structure, they are classified as liquids, gels, and elastomers. (From Merck Index, 12th ed)Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Hospitals, Low-Volume: Hospitals with a much lower than average utilization by physicians and smaller number of procedures.Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Nerve Block: Interruption of NEURAL CONDUCTION in peripheral nerves or nerve trunks by the injection of a local anesthetic agent (e.g., LIDOCAINE; PHENOL; BOTULINUM TOXINS) to manage or treat pain.Metal-on-Metal Joint Prostheses: Types of prosthetic joints in which both wear surfaces of the joint coupling are metallic.Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: Degenerative changes in the INTERVERTEBRAL DISC due to aging or structural damage, especially to the vertebral end-plates.Intraoperative Care: Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Glenoid Cavity: A depression in the lateral angle of the scapula that articulates with the head of the HUMERUS.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular: Tuberculosis of the bones or joints.Blood Transfusion: The introduction of whole blood or blood component directly into the blood stream. (Dorland, 27th ed)DislocationsDental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Disability Evaluation: Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.Antibiotic Prophylaxis: Use of antibiotics before, during, or after a diagnostic, therapeutic, or surgical procedure to prevent infectious complications.Vitallium: An alloy of 60% cobalt, 20% chromium, 5% molybdenum, and traces of other substances. It is used in dentures, certain surgical appliances, prostheses, implants, and instruments.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Implant Capsular Contracture: The shrinkage of the foreign body encapsulation scar tissue that forms around artificial implants imbedded in body tissues.Quadriceps Muscle: The quadriceps femoris. A collective name of the four-headed skeletal muscle of the thigh, comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus intermedius, vastus lateralis, and vastus medialis.Bone Plates: Implantable fracture fixation devices attached to bone fragments with screws to bridge the fracture gap and shield the fracture site from stress as bone heals. (UMDNS, 1999)Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Peri-Implantitis: An inflammatory process with loss of supporting bone in the tissues surrounding functioning DENTAL IMPLANTS.Polymethyl Methacrylate: Polymerized methyl methacrylate monomers which are used as sheets, moulding, extrusion powders, surface coating resins, emulsion polymers, fibers, inks, and films (From International Labor Organization, 1983). This material is also used in tooth implants, bone cements, and hard corneal contact lenses.Correction of Hearing Impairment: Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.Injections, Intra-Articular: Methods of delivering drugs into a joint space.Shoulder Fractures: Fractures of the proximal humerus, including the head, anatomic and surgical necks, and tuberosities.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Hip Fractures: Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).Arthritis, Infectious: Arthritis caused by BACTERIA; RICKETTSIA; MYCOPLASMA; VIRUSES; FUNGI; or PARASITES.Pain: An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.Severity of Illness Index: Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.Lumbosacral Plexus: The lumbar and sacral plexuses taken together. The fibers of the lumbosacral plexus originate in the lumbar and upper sacral spinal cord (L1 to S3) and innervate the lower extremities.Venous Thrombosis: The formation or presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) within a vein.Joint Capsule: The sac enclosing a joint. It is composed of an outer fibrous articular capsule and an inner SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.Radiostereometric Analysis: Methods for performing three-dimensional measurement and motion analysis using stereoscopic radiographs.Diskectomy: Excision, in part or whole, of an INTERVERTEBRAL DISC. The most common indication is disk displacement or herniation. In addition to standard surgical removal, it can be performed by percutaneous diskectomy (DISKECTOMY, PERCUTANEOUS) or by laparoscopic diskectomy, the former being the more common.Dental Implant-Abutment Design: The plan and delineation of DENTAL IMPLANT fitting with DENTAL ABUTMENT.Intraoperative Period: The period during a surgical operation.Orthopedic Fixation Devices: Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Alveolar Ridge Augmentation: Preprosthetic surgery involving rib, cartilage, or iliac crest bone grafts, usually autologous, or synthetic implants for rebuilding the alveolar ridge.Therapeutic Irrigation: The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.Breast Implantation: Surgical insertion of an inert sac filled with silicone or other material to augment the female form cosmetically.Bone Wires: Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Bone Substitutes: Synthetic or natural materials for the replacement of bones or bone tissue. They include hard tissue replacement polymers, natural coral, hydroxyapatite, beta-tricalcium phosphate, and various other biomaterials. The bone substitutes as inert materials can be incorporated into surrounding tissue or gradually replaced by original tissue.Hospitals, High-Volume: Hospitals with a much higher than average utilization by physicians and a large number of procedures.Pelvic Bones: Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
It implants an artificial disc (cervical arthroplasty) in place of the affected disc space. Great Dane Doberman St. Bernard ... "Cervical arthroplasty in two dogs with disk-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy". J Am Vet Med Assoc. 239: 808-17. doi: ... Same dog (A) treated with double implant (B) three days after surgery: The dog became ambulatory three days after surgery. Four ... Video of a dog with wobbler syndrome treated with the artificial disc replacement. ...
History of surgery
The first artificial cardiac pacemaker. 1955. The first separation operation for conjoined twins. 1961. The cochlear implant ... The first hip replacement surgery via Low Frictional Torque Arthroplasty (LFA) by Sir John Charnley. 1963. The first liver ... The Jarvik-7 artificial heart was successfully installed. 1983. Robot-assisted surgery began with Arthrobot in Vancouver. 1985 ... John Hunter pioneered artificial insemination. 1796. Edward Jenner pioneered smallpox inoculation with cowpox virus. 1800. The ...
David Giorgio Mendes Nassi
In 1975 first time in Israel, Knee Arthroplasty was done in the Center for Implant Surgery in Haifa. Within short time the ... Most challenging was the initiation of Joints Replacement with Artificial Implants of the Hip and Knee for diseases such as ... The composite hip was implanted in animal experiments at the Technion laboratory by a team of the Center for Implant Surgery. ... years ahead prior to its penetration into European Orthopedics The main properties required from an artificial joint implant ...
These are replaced with an artificial ball and socket with a long stem in the thigh bone. This and other designs of THRs have ... Journal of Arthroplasty. 2000 Jan;15(1):63-8 "Metal on metal surface replacement of the hip. Technique, fixation, and early ... and are implanted well. These allow the patients to return to higher levels of activity after the operation without the fear of ... The world-class laboratory where the BKR was bench-tested reported that of all the artificial knees tested thus far, the BKR ...
Artificial facet replacement
"Safety and Effectiveness Study of the TOPS System, a Total Posterior Arthroplasty Implant Designed to Alleviate Pain Resulting ... An artificial facet replacement is a joint prosthesis intended to replace the natural facets and other posterior elements of ... opined that artificial facet replacement still had much to prove: In the future, facet replacement devices will require a ... "Total Facet Arthroplasty System®(TFAS®) Clinical Trial". ClinicalTrials.gov. U.S. National Institutes of Health. 4 February ...
Intervertebral disc arthroplasty
In 2015, the FDA approved the activL artificial disk, manufactured by Aesculap Implant Systems, for the treatment of one-level ... Artificial disc replacement (ADR), or total disc replacement (TDR), is a type of arthroplasty. It is a surgical procedure in ... Artificial Disc Replacement: A Case Report of an Unusual Complication Non-Profit International Patient Community for Artificial ... Five artificial discs have been approved by the FDA for use in the US. The Charite, manufactured by DePuy, is for use in the ...
Degenerative disc disease
Intervertebral disc arthroplasty: also called Artificial Disc Replacement (ADR), or Total Disc Replacement (TDR), is a type of ... Dynamic Stabilisation: Following a discectomy, a stabilisation implant is implanted with a 'dynamic' component. This can be ... It is a surgical procedure in which degenerated intervertebral discs in the spinal column are replaced with artificial ones in ... Like a fusion, these implants allow maintain mobility to the segment by allowing flexion and extension. Facetectomy: A ...
"The Early History of Arthroplasty of the Wrist From amputation to total wrist implant" (in English). JOURNAL OF HAND SURGERY- ... 100 years artificial joint replacement]". Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete. Germany. 129 (5): 383-8. doi: ... He first invented endoprostheses from ivory in 1890 at Berlin when he performed the first documented total wrist Arthroplasty. ...
Ceramic implants are more brittle and may break after being implanted. The articular interface is not part of either implant, ... "Long-Term Results of a Contemporary Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty". The Journal of Arthroplasty. 25 (5): 700-708. doi: ... The modern artificial joint owes much to the 1962 work of Sir John Charnley at Wrightington Hospital. His work in the field of ... to other hip implants already on the market. The exception is metal-on-metal implants, which were not tested in clinical trials ...
He is best known for being the first surgeon to perform a ProDisc artificial disc replacement surgery in the United States, on ... The company is also required to complete an annual analysis and report any major adverse events (such as implant breakage, ... "Spine Trauma" (1998) and "Spinal Arthroplasty" (2005). www.asia-spinalinjury.org profiles www.nytimes.com 1/30/2008 consumerist ... Zigler's role as Principal Investigator for the ProDisc, Synthes Spine's artificial disc replacement system, was to monitor all ...
Australian Orthopaedic Association
One of the aims of the Registry is to enable the identification of medical devices and implants requiring higher-than- ... All public and private hospitals at which arthroplasty is performed voluntarily submit data concerning operations, and ... "Australian Orthopaedic Association research shows best artificial joints". NewsComAu. Retrieved 2016-05-25. Brennan, Sharon Lee ... When investigations by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) results in regulatory action, surgeons who use the implants ...
2010 DePuy Hip Recall
A unit of Johnson & Johnson, just months after saying it was phasing out an artificial hip implant because of slowing sales, ... Medical Device Alert: DePuy ASR TM acetabular cups used in hi pre surfacing arthroplasty and total hip replacement, Medicines ... Barry Meier (December 15, 2010). "The Implants Loophole". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-12-17. A recently recalled artificial ... At the beginning of 2010, DePuy Orthopaedics said they were phasing out the ASR Hip Implant because of declining sales, but ...
... the body weight and therefore the bone cement must absorb the forces acting on the hips to ensure that the artificial implant ... A review of eight thousand five hundred and seventy-nine primary arthroplasties from the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register". The ... However, if the implant has loosened for septic reasons, the cement must be fully removed to clear an infection. In the current ... Artificial joints (referred to as prostheses) are anchored with bone cement. The bone cement fills the free space between the ...
Other forms of arthroplasty include resection(al) arthroplasty, resurfacing arthroplasty, mold arthroplasty, cup arthroplasty, ... With implants such as hip implants, the ball of the implant could be made of ceramic, and between the ceramic layer and where ... Stephen S. Hudack, a surgeon based in New York City, began animal testing with artificial joints in 1939. By 1948, he was at ... Two previously[when?] popular forms of arthroplasty were: (1) interpositional arthroplasty', with interposition of some other ...
Munjed Al Muderis
... arthroplasty, knee arthroplasty and reconstruction of recurrent patellar dislocations. Al Muderis chaired the 2015 ... The implant's surface is also made of highly porous titanium, providing the user with balance and allowing for ingrowth of bone ... "Canadian amputees get ground-breaking artificial legs in Australia". CTVNews. Retrieved 4 November 2015. "Special Christmas for ... Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Using the Spongiosa-I Fully Coated Cancellous Metal Surface A Minimum Twenty-Year Follow-up. ...
ICD-9-CM Volume 3
Artificial rupture of membranes (73.01) Induction of labor by artificial rupture of membranes (73.09) Other artificial rupture ... Arthroplasty and repair of hand, fingers and wrist (81.8) Arthroplasty and repair of shoulder and elbow (81.80) Total shoulder ... Removal of surgically implanted material from posterior segment of eye (14.7) Operations on vitreous (14.9) Other operations on ... Prosthetic dental implant (23.7) Apicoectomy and root canal therapy (24) Other operations on teeth, gums, and alveoli (24.0) ...
... , also known as artificial ankylosis or syndesis, is the artificial induction of joint ossification between two ... Metal implants can be attached to the two bones to hold them together in a position which favors bone growth. A combination of ... and now is only used as a procedure of last resort in some failed arthroplasties. It can be done in several ... but with the great successes achieved in hip and knee arthroplasty, arthrodesis of these large joints has fallen out of favour ...
Temporary implants remain in place until the bone has healed and are then removed. The temporary implants take most of the ... Arthroplasty is very similar to arthrodesis. It literally means "surgical repair of joint.' In the past, arthroplasty used ... Thurston, Alan J. "ParÉ and Prosthetics: The Early History of Artificial Limbs." ANZ Journal of Surgery 77.12 (2007): 1114-9. ... Prosthetic implants are used when sections of bone must be replaced and no further growth is expected. Implants are mostly made ...
List of orthopedic implants
Neumann, Lars; Freund, Knud Gade; Sørensen, K. Harry (1996). "Total Hip Arthroplasty with the Charnley Prosthesis in Patients ... using stainless steel and titanium alloys for strength and the plastic coating that is done on it acts as an artificial ... Wohns interspinous implant and implantation instrument : intended to be implanted between two adjacent dorsal spines Kirschner ... "Orthopedic Implants". Wordpress. Retrieved 12 August 2012. [unreliable medical source?] "About Orthopedic Implants". Wordpress ...
Once the artificial emboli have been successfully introduced, another set of DSA images are taken to confirm a successful ... These balloons are simply implanted in a target vessel, then filled with saline through a one-way valve. The blood stops and ... "Persistent haemarthrosis following total knee arthroplasty caused by unrecognised arterial injury". Grand Rounds. 10: 51-54. ...
... as well as orthopedic implants used by orthopedic surgeons for use in partial knee and total hip arthroplasty. Stryker also ... In August 2004, Stryker acquired, for $120 million, SpineCore Inc., a company involved in the development of artificial spinal ... Stryker's products include implants used in joint replacement and trauma surgeries; surgical equipment and surgical navigation ... About two years preceding this date, in June 2002, the firm acquired the Spinal Implant Business of Surgical Dynamics Inc. for ...
In this case, bone can be taken from the chin, from the pilot holes for the implants, or even from the iliac crest of the ... Artificial bone can be created from ceramics such as calcium phosphates (e.g. hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate), ... who are undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (total hip replacement surgery). During total hip replacement, the ... Dental implants require bones underneath them for support and proper integration into the mouth. As mentioned earlier bone ...
The artificial embolus used is usually one of the following: Coils: Guglielmi Detachable Coil or Hydrocoil Particles Foam Plug ... These balloons are simply implanted in a target vessel, then filled with saline through a one-way valve. The blood stops and ... "Persistent haemarthrosis following total knee arthroplasty caused by unrecognised arterial injury". Grand Rounds. 10: 51-54. ... Microspheres or Beads Once the artificial emboli have been successfully introduced, another set of DSA images are taken to ...
The goal is to create a stable artificial joint by replacing the old affected joint with new material. Newer prostheses tend to ... The total CMC1 joint replacement is a newer arthroplasty which has developed into a cemented and a non-cemented design. The ... Weilby A, Sondorf J (1978). "Results following removal of silicone trapezium metacarpal implants". J Hand Surg [Am]. 3: 154-156 ... Prostheses might also cause a reaction of the body against the artificial material they are made of, resulting in local ...
Hip dysplasia (canine)
The bioscaffold was implanted into intra-articular areas and reported up to 90-days of clinical improvement after a single ... Hip modification surgeries include excision arthroplasty, in which the head of the femur is removed and reshaped or replaced, ... and hip replacement which completely replaces the damaged hip with an artificial joint, similar to human hip replacements. Non- ... Other options under exploration include: DARthroplasty (dorsal acetabular rim arthroplasty) is a technique developed by Dr. ...
Failed back syndrome
David T (2007). "Long-term results of one-level lumbar arthroplasty: minimum 10-year follow-up of the CHARITE artificial disc ... Success rates for implanted neurostimulation has been reported to be 25% to 55%. Success is defined as a relative decrease in ... The role of artificial or total disc replacement in the treatment of spinal disorders remains ill-defined and unclear. ... Usage of metal implants (instrumentation) tends to increase the risk of infection. Factors associated with an increased ...
Medical technologies and implantsEdit. *PMMA has a good degree of compatibility with human tissue, and it is used in the ... Artificial fingernails are sometimes made of acrylic.. *Some modern briar, and occasionally meerschaum, tobacco pipes sport ... Bone cement acts like a grout and not so much like a glue in arthroplasty. Although sticky, it does not bond to either the bone ... In orthopedic surgery, PMMA bone cement is used to affix implants and to remodel lost bone. It is supplied as a powder with ...
"Development of a surgical robot for cementless total hip arthroplasty". Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research. &NA, (285 ... The purpose of the ROBODOC was to replace the previous method of carving out a femur for an implant, the use of a mallet and ... In May 2006 the first artificial intelligence doctor-conducted unassisted robotic surgery was on a 34-year-old male to correct ...
ಶಸ್ತ್ರಚಿಕಿತ್ಸೆ - ವಿಕಿಪೀಡಿಯ
... or artificial bone substitutes-to help the bones heal together. Additional hardware (screws, plates, or cages) is often used ... and cost of the implant. Additionally, a 2009 systematic review on surgery for lower back pain found that for nonradicular ... bone graft or artificial bone substitute is packed between the vertebrae to help them heal together. In general, fusions are ...
A Comparison Between Signature Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) to Conventional TKA and Computer Assisted TKA - Tabular View -...
Some artificial heart valves. *Electronic inner ear implants. *Metal fragments in eyes ... A Comparison Between Signature Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) to Conventional TKA and Computer Assisted TKA. This study has been ... The objective of this study is to report and compare on the outcomes from patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty utilizing ... Total Knee Arthroplasty will be performed using Computer Assisted Navigation with the Vanguard Knee System ...
Artificial Ovary Spawns New Era in Fertility Research and Treatment | Medgadget
... artificial ovary - a completely functional unit capable of in vitro oocyte maturation. The ... Orthopedics & Arthroplasty. · Stem cell treatment in Orthopedics. · Pediatric Orthopedics. · Smart Implants & Instruments in ... Artificial Ovary Spawns New Era in Fertility Research and Treatment. September 15th, 2010 Aaron Rulseh Reproductive Medicine ... Press release: Researchers build artificial ovary to develop oocytes into mature human eggs…. Article in Journal of Assisted ...
More on Abiomed's Artificial Heart | Medgadget
Heres an interesting additional point on the story of Abiomeds AbioCor total artificial heart that has been approved with a ... Orthopedics & Arthroplasty. · Stem cell treatment in Orthopedics. · Pediatric Orthopedics. · Smart Implants & Instruments in ... Implant Attached to Heart Generates Electricity to Power Pacemaker. Researchers Design Rapid Method to Custom Build Drug ... More on Abiomeds Artificial Heart. September 7th, 2006 Tim Odell Cardiac Surgery ...
Member for regenerating joint cartilage and process for producing the same, method of regenerating joint cartilage and...
2951342 discloses that glass-like cartilage can be regenerated by employing an artificial prosthetic material, the implant ... Cochlear implant device, extracorporeal sound collector, and cochlear implant system having the same. July, 2008. Hirota et al. ... Next, an artificial articular cartilage for implantation relating to the present invention will be set forth. An artificial ... SPINAL IMPLANT WITH OFFSET KEELS. August, 2007. Brodke et al.. 20100076546. COATING FORMULATION FOR MEDICAL COATING. March, ...
Patent US8663326 - Biologic artificial bone - Google Patents
Vascular channels are formed in the artificial bone composite to facilitate in-growth of vessels and bone forming cells. The ... A bone substitute is impregnated in the hardened and stiffened fiber material forming an artificial bone composite. ... A biologic artificial bone includes an artificial fiber material formed from a synthetic polymer with mechanical properties ... construction and methods achieve an artificial composite structure that is similar to natural bone with comparable properties. ...
Artificial metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joint replacement for end-stage arthritis | Guidance and guidelines | NICE
Evidence-based recommendations on artificial metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joint replacement for treating end-stage ... Common sites of osteoarthritis which may be suitable for artificial implants include the wrist, the carpometacarpal joint of ... also called excision arthroplasty); fusion of the joint (arthrodesis); and native graft arthroplasties, in which the patients ... Artificial metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joint replacement for end-stage arthritis. Interventional procedures ...
Mathematical and Computational Methods and Algorithms in Biomechanics: Human Skeletal Systems | Biomechanics | General &...
3.3 Mechanical Destruction of Implants and Demands on Human Joint Arthroplasty.. 3.4 Biomaterials in Ostheosynthesis and ... 3.5 Artificial Joint Replacements.. PART II MATHEMATICAL MODELS OF BIOMECHANICS.. 4 BACKGROUND OF BIOMECHANICS. ... 7.4 Biomechanical Analysis of the Loosened Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA).. 7.5 Biomechanical Analysis of the Hip Joint after THA ... This is a highly useful tool for designers, researchers, and manufacturers of joint implants who require the results of ...
Cervical (Neck) Implants used in Spine Surgery
Cervical implants are devices surgeons use to decompress (remove pressure from nerves) and to stabilize the neck. These ... The procedure is called disc arthroplasty. Artificial discs are made from various materials. Some designs are all metal and ... Posterior Cervical Implants used in Spine Survery. Cervical implants, such as plates, rods and screws, are different types of ... Cervical implants are devices surgeons use to decompress and stabilize the neck. These devices are implanted either from the ...
Arthroplasty: Uses, Side Effects, Procedure, Results
Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that can help to restore joint function. How does it help to recover mobility? Learn more ... The surgeon then implants the artificial knee joint prosthesis.. In knee arthroscopy, the prosthesis is made up of three parts ... First nationwide prevalence study of hip and knee arthroplasty shows 7.2 million Americans living with implants. ... Hips and knees are not the only joints on which doctors perform arthroplasties. Arthroplasty can repair or replace any joint in ...
Knee and Hip | Orthopedics | Nebraska Medicine | Omaha, NE
Artificial knee implants. *Arthritis of the knee. *Arthroplasty. *Avascular necrosis. *Collateral Ligament Injuries ... Choosing the right surgery for the right patient with the right implant and right physical therapy contributes to better ... implants that last longer and perform better, as well as innovative work on wear testing of joints that is helping to set ...
Hand Surgery for Arthritis | Arthritis Foundation
Arthroplasty involves removing the damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial implant. The goal is to relieve pain and ... Knuckles - Arthroplasty is almost always used to repair the knuckles at the base of the fingers, where flexibility and motion ... Sometimes even the best artificial joint is not as good as a banged-up real joint, so you have to be very careful," notes Jose ... Whether arthrodesis or arthroplasty is used depends on the joint needing repair and on the patients age, activity level and ...
Patent US7905922 - Surgical implant suitable for replacement of an intervertebral disc - Google Patents
The implant 10 includes a core portion (20) extending into the disc space (16) and the ligament portion 20 extending ... An implant (10) is provided for replacement of an intervertebral disc (14). ... Artificial disk. US5258031. Dec 14, 1992. Nov 2, 1993. Danek Medical. Intervertebral disk arthroplasty. ... Artificial disc implant. US6419704. Oct 8, 1999. Jul 16, 2002. Bret Ferree. Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods ...
Patent US7828800 - Threaded frusto-conical interbody spinal fusion implants - Google Patents
The spinal fusion implants of the present invention may have wells extending into the material of the implant from the surface ... An external thread is employed to increase implant stability and implant surface area, and for the purpose of advancing the ... The spinal fusion implants of the present invention may be relatively solid or hollow and may have surface roughenings to ... The present invention is directed to a variety of interbody spinal fusion implants having at least a partially frusto-conical ...
Clinical Biomechanics and Related Research (eBook, 1994) [WorldCat.org]
3. Artificial Joint --. Stress Analysis of the Proximal Tibia After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty with Finite-Element ... Bone Remodeling Around Implanted Materials --. The Energy-Absorbing Function of Cancellous Bone and Its Influence on the ... Artificial Joint -- Stress Analysis of the Proximal Tibia After Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty with Finite-Element Method ... Kinematic Gait Analysis of Patients After Total Knee Arthroplasty --. Three-Dimensional Motion Analysis After TKA: The Effect ...
Patent US8211175 - Articular disc prosthesis and method for implanting the same - Google Patents
The prosthesis is implanted within the prepared disc space by axially displacing the hemi-cylindrical central portions of the ... An articular disc prosthesis and method of implanting the same within an intervertebral space between adjacent vertebral bodies ... Artificial disk. US5258031. 14 Dec 1992. 2 Nov 1993. Danek Medical. Intervertebral disk arthroplasty. ... prior intervertebral disc arthroplasty devices are relatively difficult to implant between adjacent vertebrae. To implant such ...
What to Expect With Your Knee Replacement Surgery
Known as arthroplasty, knee replacement surgery replaces the damaged parts of your knee with artificial parts. Several million ... Once that is done, the surgeon will implant the artificial knee.. You might get whats called "minimally invasive" surgery. In ... "First nationwide prevalence study of hip and knee arthroplasty shows 7.2 million Americans living with implants." ...
Prosthesis Textbooks in eTextbook Format | VitalSource
Learn about the latest implant devices used during back surgery and how they might be able to provide lasting pain relief. ... Additionally, learn about the risks of spine implants. ... The second type of implant is an artificial disc or synthetic ... Spinal implants provide revolutionary breakthroughs in treatment for many back pain sufferers. ... HydraFlex Nucleus Arthroplasty System. The HydraFlex System is manufactured by Raymedica and is used to replace damaged ...
Hallux Rigidius: Symptoms, Causes, Cheilectomy, and Other Treatments
Patent US20120143253 - Facet Arthroplasty Devices and Methods - Google Patents
The artificial facet joint structure is adapted and configured to replace all or a portion of a natural facet joint. ... The prosthesis further has an artificial facet joint structure carried by the prosthesis body at a location spaced from the ... Lamina implants and methods for spinal decompression. US20110125269 *. 31 Dec 2010. 26 May 2011. Moskowitz Nathan C. Total ... The artificial surface articulates with the superior half of the facet joint. Like the prosthesis 26, the prosthesis 36 is ...
The effects of arthroplasty on MRI | GE Healthcare
When they have this surgery, called an arthroplasty, the physician and patient must decide whether the replacement joint will ... Some of the types of artificial joints that can be implanted during the surgery are metal, ceramic and plastic. Each option can ... Imaging with implants. Arthroplasty has a direct affect on imaging tests. During computed tomography (CT), implants can cause ... This artificial joint is a prosthesis.1 Most physicians do not consider arthroplasty until other treatment options have failed ...
Knee Implants Market - Global Industry Size and Forecast 2016 - 2024
Surgical procedure involving implantation of an artificial knee is termed as arthroplasty. ... Knee implants plays significant role in resurfacing a knee damaged either by traumas or by rheumatoid arthritis. ... Surgical procedure involving implantation of an artificial knee is termed as arthroplasty. Depending upon the severity and need ... Companies manufacture knee implants with variety of designs and made up from a variety of materials. Most of these devices are ...
Patent US7763075 - Artificial disc prosthesis - Google Patents
A visco-elastic motion-limiting artificial intervertebral disc prosthesis is provided that mimics the physiologic function of a ... Intervertebral disk arthroplasty. US5300120. 24 Aug 1992. 5 Apr 1994. Lipomatrix Incorporated. Implant with electrical ... Artificial disc implant. US6419704. 8 Oct 1999. 16 Jul 2002. Bret Ferree. Artificial intervertebral disc replacement methods ... Spacerless artificial disc replacements. US20040024463. 18 Apr 2003. 5 Feb 2004. Thomas James C.. Expandable implant for ...
Spinal Implants and VCF Market Report Suite for Europe | 2017-2023 | MedSuite (Includes reports on Cervical Fixation,...
Spinal Implants and VCF Market Report Suite for Europe , 2017-2023 , MedSuite (Includes reports on Cervical Fixation, ... 7.3.2 Total Artificial Disc Market 126.96.36.199 Cervical Artificial Disc Market 188.8.131.52 Lumbar Artificial Disc Market 7.3.3 Total ... 7.1.4 Facet Arthroplasty 7.2 MARKET OVERVIEW 7.3 MARKET ANALYSIS AND FORECAST 7.3.1 Total Motion Preservation Device Market ... 184.108.40.206 Artificial Disc Procedures 220.127.116.11.1 Cervical Artificial Disc Procedures 18.104.22.168.2 Lumbar Artificial Disc Procedures ...
Osteoarthritis: Causes, symptoms, and treatment
Arthroplasty, or total joint replacement: The damaged parts are surgically removed and a prosthesis, or artificial joint, made ... The most commonly replaced joints are the hip and knee joints, but implants can also replace the joints in the shoulder, finger ... Arthroplasty is usually effective, improving both appearance and function and allowing the patient to use the joint actively ...
Patente US6994727 - Total disc implant - Google Patentes
A total disc implant (TDI) is provided for total replacement of a spinal disc or discs in a human patient or other mammal, ... Posterior spinal arthroplasty-development of a new posteriorly inserted artificial disc and an artificial facet joint. ... Artificial spinal disc. US8109979. 9 Dic 2009. 7 Feb 2012. Spinecore, Inc.. Instrumentation and methods for use in implanting a ... Artificial functional spinal implant unit system and method for use. US7794480. 8 Mar 2006. 14 Sep 2010. Flexuspine, Inc.. ...
Wobbler disease - Wikipedia
It implants an artificial disc (cervical arthroplasty) in place of the affected disc space. Great Dane Doberman St. Bernard ... "Cervical arthroplasty in two dogs with disk-associated cervical spondylomyelopathy". J Am Vet Med Assoc. 239: 808-17. doi: ... Same dog (A) treated with double implant (B) three days after surgery: The dog became ambulatory three days after surgery. Four ... Video of a dog with wobbler syndrome treated with the artificial disc replacement. ...
Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences - Mitigating Osteolysis in Clinical Total Hip Arthroplasty: The Role of...
It has been reported  that around 800,000 artificial joints are implanted every year. In addition to being one of the major ... Figure 1. Anatomy of hip joints and components of the implant system in total hip arthroplasty. Figure 1 A-B were taken from ... THE HISTORY OF PLASTIC WEAR OSTEOLYSIS IN IMPLANTS The loosening of total hip implants, caused by polyethylene wear particles, ... Osteolysis eventually leads to the loosening of an implant and inevitably leads to the surgical removal of the implant. ...
Spine Center at South Nassau, Long Island Orthopedic Care
Arthroplasty. This involves a surgeon removing the damaged areas and inserting an artificial joint, made of metal and plastic. ... The joints that most often require replacing are the hip and knee joints, but implants can also replace the joints in the ... An artificial joint may also come loose or wear down and eventually need replacing. ...
ProcedureJointsReplacementSurgeryShoulder arthroplastySpine arthroplasty deviceFacet Arthroplasty DevicesFixationProsthesesTendonsPatient'sType of implantOrthopedic surgeonSurgeriesIntervertebralProsthesis is implantedAdjacent vertebral bodiesSurgically implantedOutcomesArthritisSurgeonsRelieve2017FemurStemProstheticsComplicationsDeviceMedical implantsCervical artificialDiscsRestoreAnkleSpinal fusion implantModern implant technologies
- The procedure is called disc arthroplasty. (spineuniverse.com)
- Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that can help to restore joint function. (verywellhealth.com)
- If you have a prior medical concern or issue, it is crucial to treat it before arthroplasty so that recovery from this procedure will be your main priority when the time comes. (verywellhealth.com)
- Surgical procedure involving implantation of an artificial knee is termed as arthroplasty. (sbwire.com)
- Based on the type of procedure, the global knee implants market can be categorized into total knee replacement, partial knee replacement and revision knee replacement. (sbwire.com)
- In the total knee replacement procedure, all parts of knee joints are replaced with knee implants. (sbwire.com)
- Total Hip Arthroplasty is the medical procedure of replacing the complete hip joint with a mechanical system that consists of a femoral device articulating against an acetabular cup. (kon.org)
- However, as cervical artificial disc replacement is a relatively newer procedure, there is still potential for longer-term, unknown risks to occur over time. (spine-health.com)
- According to the one-step procedure, the shaft of a pylon is implanted directly into the bone canal, and bone ossifies around the shaft concurrently with the skin's integration with the pylon collar [4- (thefreelibrary.com)
- In another study , which took place 2 years after the first randomized controlled trial, spine surgeons compared the Charité Artificial Disc to the anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) procedure. (spineuniverse.com)
- 205 of the patients received the Charité Artificial Disc and 99 patients underwent the ALIF procedure with BAK cages and iliac crest bone graft. (spineuniverse.com)
- Several factors will be integral in facilitating growth in this market,including increased adoption of Synthes Spine's and Medtronic Spinal andBiologics' cervical artificial discs in the US, the release of newly designedproducts from numerous different competitors, a familiar surgical approach tothat of anterior cervical fusion, as well as an increased use of multiplediscs in a single procedure. (medindia.net)
- Knee replacement, otherwise known as Joint Arthroplasty, is an increasingly frequent procedure to replace the knee with a new implant, which is an artificial knee. (personalinjurylawcal.com)
- We are currently investigating DePuy Synthes Attune Knee Replacement Lawsuit claims for patients that have undergone a revision procedure following implant of the device. (personalinjurylawcal.com)
- In this procedure, your surgeon removes the affected joint and replaces it with an artificial implant. (fondren.com)
- If other tests have not ruled out infection, doctors collect tissue around the artificial joint during a surgical procedure and send it to a laboratory for culture and analysis. (merckmanuals.com)
- Knee replacement surgery, also referred to as knee arthroplasty, is a common orthopedic surgical procedure used to rebuild a damaged knee. (bonsecours.com)
- A knee replacement is an orthopedic surgical procedure where a damaged or diseased knee joint is replaced with an artificial joint. (bonsecours.com)
- Knee revision surgery, which is also known as revision total knee arthroplasty , is a procedure in which the surgeon removes a previously implanted artificial knee joint, or prosthesis, and replaces it with a new prosthesis. (surgeryencyclopedia.com)
- This procedure involves the removal of the entire hip joint and the placement of an artificial prosthesis. (injurylawyer-news.com)
- Common sites of osteoarthritis which may be suitable for artificial implants include the wrist, the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb (also called trapeziometacarpal joint) and the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of the fingers and thumb. (nice.org.uk)
- The surgeon removes the diseased joints in an open operation and replaces them with an implant, typically made of a silicone based material. (nice.org.uk)
- A range of implants from different manufacturers are available for different joints. (nice.org.uk)
- Hips and knees are not the only joints on which doctors perform arthroplasties. (verywellhealth.com)
- Through the collaborative work of our engineers, surgeons and technologists at our world-class Biomechanics laboratory, we are performing cutting-edge research to create "smart" implants that last longer and perform better, as well as innovative work on wear testing of joints that is helping to set national and international standards for testing of knee replacement systems. (nebraskamed.com)
- While the core subjects of biomechanics remain the behavior of bones, joints, ligaments, and muscles, this book focuses on more clinical aspects such as artificial joints, tissue transplantations, and the effects of disease on biomechanical properties. (worldcat.org)
- Arthroplasty (joint replacement surgery) is frequently done in the hip and knee, though other joints like the ankle or elbow may be replaced as well. (gehealthcare.com)
- Some of the types of artificial joints that can be implanted during the surgery are metal, ceramic and plastic. (gehealthcare.com)
- It has been reported that around 800,000 artificial joints are implanted every year. (kon.org)
- Anatomy of hip joints and components of the implant system in total hip arthroplasty. (kon.org)
- While these limbs must be well-designed and useful, they do not pose the same challenges to surgeons and researchers as artificial joints. (encyclopedia.com)
- Results: The rate of dislocation of primary hip replacements ranges from 0.2% to 10% per year, while that of artificial hip joints that have already been surgically revised can be as high as 28%, depending on the patient population, the follow-up interval, and the type of prosthesis. (aerzteblatt.de)
- This surgery is usually indicated when the joints are severely damaged, when there is limited mobility, damage to the surrounding ligaments and tendons, failed previous arthroplasty, and when heavy manual use is expected. (fondren.com)
- Artificial joints can become infected by bacteria. (merckmanuals.com)
- Sometimes, infections in artificial joints can be prevented by taking antibiotics before certain procedures. (merckmanuals.com)
- Infections are more common in artificial joints (prosthetic joints) than infections in natural joints . (merckmanuals.com)
- People with artificial joints should discuss with their dentist or doctor whether they need preventive antibiotics before medical procedures (called prophylaxis). (merckmanuals.com)
- 2) Arthroplasty is the field of medicine dealing with the surgical reconstruction and total replacement of degenerated joints. (lymphedemapeople.com)
- Improvements have been made in the endurance and compatibility of materials used and the surgical techniques to install artificial joints. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has issued full guidance to the NHS in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland on artificial metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joint replacement for end-stage arthritis. (nice.org.uk)
- The two main surgical options for hand arthritis are fusion (arthrodesis) and total knuckle replacement (arthroplasty). (arthritis.org)
- An implant (10) is provided for replacement of an intervertebral disc (14). (google.com)
- Known as arthroplasty, knee replacement surgery replaces the damaged parts of your knee with artificial parts. (webmd.com)
- Implant technologies have become a hot item in the back pain industry ever since the relative success of artificial disc replacement surgery . (cure-back-pain.org)
- Additional vertebral implant products by Abbott Spine include the TraXis vertebral body replacement and a range of spinal spacers including the Cadence, InFix, Fidji, Fortitude Osso and Fortitude Duo. (cure-back-pain.org)
- There are many other types of artificial nuclei in development, since this type of surgery holds much promise compared to full disc replacement. (cure-back-pain.org)
- When they have this surgery, called an arthroplasty, the physician and patient must decide whether the replacement joint will be ceramic or metal. (gehealthcare.com)
- Ceramic: Ceramic implants are used more often for hip replacement than for the knee. (gehealthcare.com)
- In the partial knee replacement procedures single part of the knee is replaced with an implant while the revision knee replacement procedures refers to replacement of an existing implant with new one. (sbwire.com)
- A total disc implant (TDI) is provided for total replacement of a spinal disc or discs in a human patient or other mammal, wherein the TDI is designed to maintain a substantially full range of natural motion (ROM) following implantation. (google.es)
- In addition to being one of the major successes in orthopedic medicine, Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) has become one of the most widely employed surgical procedures available for joint replacement. (kon.org)
- In knee replacement surgery, also known as total knee arthroplasty, a surgeon will replace damaged cartilage and bone with an artificial implant. (healthline.com)
- In theory, the artificial disc has some of the same potential complications as a total hip and knee replacement. (spine-health.com)
- In total hip replacement, the artificial joint is composed of metal and polyethylene and it is used to replace the diseased joint. (lmh.org)
- If this is the case, it is a possible that a second hip replacement would need to be done, although new materials are making artificial hips last longer. (lmh.org)
- Total ankle replacement (also called ankle arthroplasty) is a surgical option for patients with arthritis of the ankle. (washington.edu)
- Surgical options include arthrodesis and ankle replacement (or total ankle arthroplasty). (washington.edu)
- Over the last 10 years, ankle arthroplasty has been growing in popularity as the implants available for replacement have improved. (washington.edu)
- If you have hip arthritis, arthroplasty ( hip replacement ) is needed to remove the diseased hip structures and replace them with an artificial implant. (hss.edu)
- Disc replacement (arthroplasty) is used to treat degenerative disc disease of the neck (cervical spine) or lower back (lumbar spine) that has not responded to conservative treatment. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- The goal of arthroplasty (restoration) and replacement with an artificial disc is to relieve severe pain and preserve mobility. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- Individuals with arthritis or joint trauma may seek partial or total joint replacement ("arthroplasty") to reduce pain and improve functionality. (rand.org)
- Although the majority of joint replacement surgery is safe and successful and most implant devices are not recalled, our initial conversations with 12 patients from Boston, Chicago and New York City suggest that many are unaware that implantable devices have not undergone testing to prove that they are risk free. (rand.org)
- Patients who underwent Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) System, a metal on metal resurfacing artificial hip replacement system, surgically implanted to replace a hip joint. (fda.gov)
- In September of 2004 he underwent an artificial disc replacement at L4-5. (spineuniverse.com)
- During conventional shoulder replacement, the implant mimics the normal anatomy of the shoulder: a plastic "cup" is fitted into the shoulder socket and a metal "ball" is attached to the top of the upper arm bone. (ohiohealth.com)
- During shoulder replacement surgery, also called shoulder arthroplasty, your surgeon removes the damaged parts of your shoulder and replaces them with an artificial prosthetic joint that mimics the natural joint. (ohiohealth.com)
- In shoulder replacement surgery, also called shoulder arthroplasty, your surgeon removes the damaged parts of your shoulder and replaces them with artificial parts called implants. (ohiohealth.com)
- In reverse shoulder replacement surgery, the placement of the implants are reversed. (ohiohealth.com)
- Today, total hip replacement (total hip arthroplasty, THA) is one of the most successful surgical procedures in the field of orthopedic and trauma surgery ( 1 ). (aerzteblatt.de)
- Like your natural hip joint, the replacement implant consists of a ball and a socket. (scripps.org)
- Also called hip arthroplasty, total hip replacement surgery involves replacing the hip socket and end of the thigh bone (femur) with artificial implants. (scripps.org)
- Knee Replacement Surgery , also called Knee Arthroplasty , involves removing the damaged portion of the knee and replacing it with artificial implants called prosthetics. (txortho.com)
- Knee Arthroplasty is the most common type of joint replacement surgery. (txortho.com)
- The Global Markets for Spinal Nonfusion Technologies 2008 report coversthe artificial disc, dynamic stabilization, nuclear disc replacement, annulusrepair, and facet arthroplasty markets. (medindia.net)
- Joint replacement surgery - Also known as arthroplasty, it is the reconstruction or replacement of a diseased or damaged knee joint with an artificial implant. (bronsonhealth.com)
- We have performed more than 3000 artificial disc replacement procedures with 14 different types of spine arthroplasty devices. (texasback.com)
- Several medical milestones in disc replacement have occurred at Texas Back Institute, including the first Charité and ProDisc implants in the United States. (texasback.com)
- Also known as arthroplasty, joint replacement surgery involves the removal of an arthritic or diseased bone/joint surface and replacing it with an artificial implant. (bronsonhealth.com)
- On September 13th, 2010, the FDA posted a Class 2 recall of the Knee Implant Total Replacement Systems. (personalinjurylawcal.com)
- The recall happened because of numerous complaints the FDA received (as well as complaints from Zimmer) of the implants loosening requiring a knee replacement revision. (personalinjurylawcal.com)
- In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Factors such as Growing prevalence of symptomatic shoulder arthritis, increased patient awareness, technological advancement and expanded medical education and surgeon adoption of total shoulder replacement will fuel the overall glenoid implant market globally. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Hip resurfacing arthroplasty is a type of hip replacement that replaces the arthritic surface of the joint but removes far less bone than the traditional total hip replacement. (eorthopod.com)
- Because the hip resurfacing removes less bone, it may be preferable for younger patients that are expected to need a second, or revision, hip replacement surgery as they grow older and wear out the original artificial hip replacement. (eorthopod.com)
- The most important reason to do a hip resurfacing rather than a traditional artificial hip replacement, is to remove as little bone around the hip as possible. (eorthopod.com)
- During any total joint replacement, the worn-out ends of the bones are removed and replaced by an artificial joint (prosthesis). (aaos.org)
- X-ray of a wrist with osteoarthritis before (left) and after (right) wrist replacement surgery using a two-part metal and polyethelene implant. (aaos.org)
- X-ray of a wrist with severe rheumatoid arthritis throughout the wrist before (left) and after (right) replacement of the wrist joint with a silicone rubber implant. (aaos.org)
- Moreover, the emerging Asian and Latin American countries, growth in the number of hospitals and surgical centers, and commercial applications in high growth areas such as MIS, nucleus arthroplasty, artificial disc replacement, and stem cell technologies are expected to offer growth opportunities for players operating in the global market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- Metal-on-metal hip replacement devices have come under fierce scrutiny in recent years, following the high-profile recall of DePuy Orthopaedics' ASR hip implant devices, which were failing prematurely at unexpectedly high rates. (newsinferno.com)
- Recently, said the journal, high levels of cobalt have been seen in patients implanted with metal-on-metal hip replacement devices who report symptoms including noise or ringing in the ear (tinnitus), deafness, dizziness (vertigo), visual changes or vision loss as a result of optic atrophy, tremor, and peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage on both sides of the body). (newsinferno.com)
- The exposure, believed linked to cobalt-chromium alloyed orthopedic implants, such as replacement hip devices, appears to be caused by fretting and shedding of device materials. (newsinferno.com)
- The research noted that other studies have found that cobalt levels increased following implantation with an artificial hip device and during later follow up, and that the release of these metal ions is a well-document outcome following hip arthroplasty implants, specifically, metal-on-metal hip replacement devices. (newsinferno.com)
- The researchers reviewed short-term survival in 4,401 HRA procedures from the Finnish Arthroplasty Register and compared these to 48,409 THAs performed during the same time period and found that Articular Surface Replacement (a type of HRA), specifically DePuy ASR, resulted in both an inferior outcome as well as increased risks for revision surgery, when compared to other implants, said Acta Orthopaedica. (newsinferno.com)
- Replacement of the intervertebral disc with a viable, tissue-engineered construct that mimics native tissue structure and function is an attractive alternative to fusion or mechanical arthroplasty for the treatment of disc pathology. (readbyqxmd.com)
- Common risks associated with knee replacement surgery include infection, bleeding, blood clots, pain and swelling, and implant failure. (bonsecours.com)
- Ankle replacement surgery, also called ankle arthroplasty, has developed rapidly in the last 10 years. (aurorabaycare.com)
- With an ankle replacement, your damaged ankle joint is replaced with an artificial implant. (aurorabaycare.com)
- Ankle replacement surgery is the replacement of a damaged ankle joint with an artificial implant. (uhhospitals.org)
- In this article, we will discuss the challenges patients may face after cervical artificial disc replacement. (caringmedical.com)
- We generally see three types of patients when the subject is artificial disc replacement surgery. (caringmedical.com)
- Many people have had successful cervical artificial disc replacement surgery and are happy people. (caringmedical.com)
- We will now focus on the artificial cervical disc replacement. (caringmedical.com)
- Remember, this comes from surgical research, it is the surgeons themselves expressing these concerns and represents the challenges some find with artificial cervical disc replacement. (caringmedical.com)
- Before we go further, let's understand again that there are many people who get a great benefit from a cervical artificial disc replacement surgery. (caringmedical.com)
- There are a lot of people who do well with the "hybrid" surgery of anterior cervical discectomy with fusion plus cervical artificial disc replacement surgery when multiple areas of the cervical spine are causing them pain. (caringmedical.com)
- The common types of arthroplastic procedures include total hip replacement and total knee prosthesis, and since 2004 artificial disc replacement to replace a spinal disc has been approved and in use in the US. (lymphedemapeople.com)
- Joint replacement is also called total joint arthroplasty. (lymphedemapeople.com)
- The surgical process of knee joint replacement is called a Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA). (ntu.edu.sg)
- Hip osteoarthritis can be treated with hip replacement surgery, where the damaged hip joint is replaced with an artificial implant. (isrctn.com)
- Joint replacement is the surgical replacement of a joint with an artificial prosthesis. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Since the lifetime of the artificial joint is limited, the best candidates for joint replacement are over age 60. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Cervical implants, such as plates, rods and screws, are different types of spinal instrumentation spine surgeons may use during surgery to stabilize the neck and reduce pain. (spineuniverse.com)
- Preparing for surgery, having surgery, and recovering will be hard work, but an arthroplasty will mean less pain, more mobility, and the freedom to participate in your life. (verywellhealth.com)
- Arthroplasty is major surgery and recovery will take a month or more. (verywellhealth.com)
- Choosing the right surgery for the right patient with the right implant and right physical therapy contributes to better results, happier patients and greater longevity. (nebraskamed.com)
- Most modern implant technologies are being developed to alter traditional spinal surgery techniques and hopefully improve curative statistics. (cure-back-pain.org)
- During this surgery, surgeons remove an damaged joint with an artificial one. (gehealthcare.com)
- Also leveraging technological advancement in procedures such as minimal invasive surgery, better implant materials has increased the success rates. (sbwire.com)
- Same dog (A) treated with double implant (B) three days after surgery: The dog became ambulatory three days after surgery. (wikipedia.org)
- I need hip surgery - what determines if I need arthroplasty or arthroscopy surgery? (hss.edu)
- What is the recovery like for hip arthroscopy and arthroplasty surgery? (hss.edu)
- For a hip arthroplasty, patients are usually able to bear full weight and are generally sent home after the surgery with a cane. (hss.edu)
- How likely is it that I will be as active after hip arthroplasty surgery? (hss.edu)
- However, fractures during surgery and loose implants during the early postoperative period have been reported as instances of complications whose prevalence has increased, particularly due to the increase in the number of surgeries among patients with fragile bones, which correspond to an increase in repetitive surgeries [ 4 , 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
- In part 2, Dr. Steven Bailey discusses the implant surgery, risks, and results of HF10 spinal cord stimulation. (mayfieldclinic.com)
- Unlike fusion, the arthroplasty can restore motion to normal at the surgery and adjacent segments, compared to fusion cases. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- New techniques and implants have made hip surgery quicker and easier, so you can get back to living your life. (scripps.org)
- During the hip surgery, an orthopedic surgeon removes the damaged parts of the upper end of the thigh bone (femur) and hip socket and replaces them with an artificial implant called a prosthesis. (scripps.org)
- Bacteria may infect the artificial joint during or after surgery, causing infection. (merckmanuals.com)
- About 20% of people have had surgery to correct something in their artificial joint before symptoms started. (merckmanuals.com)
- Technological advancements in spine surgery devices, and increasing aging and obese population with increasing number of spine deformities, and rising demand for minimally invasive spine surgery procedures are the key factors fueling the growth of the spinal implants market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- In this report, the authors describe the first known case of recurrence of myelopathy at the index level of surgery after CDA implantation due the continuation of the spondylitic process after placement of the artificial disc. (readbyqxmd.com)
- With a combination of computer imaging and your own CT scan, this revolutionary new technology helps your doctor determine the optimum size of your implant and then pre-plan your surgery. (aurorabaycare.com)
- This may often lead people to question the benefit of laser spine surgery and go ahead with the artificial disc/fusion surgery. (caringmedical.com)
- Arthroplasty is surgery performed to relieve pain , or prevent further disease of, and restore range of motion by realigning or reconstructing a dysfunctional joint. (lymphedemapeople.com)
- however, 24 months after surgery, the investigational group patients treated with the artificial disc had a statistically greater improvement in the primary outcome variables: Neck disability index score (P = 0.025) and overall success (P = 0.010). (nih.gov)
- This surgery involves replacing your knee joint with an artificial one. (ntu.edu.sg)
- There is intense competition within the biomaterial industry for spinal implants today and some of the emerging opportunities lie in the areas of minimally invasive surgery, surgical robotics, tissue engineering, surface modification technologies, nanotechnology and 3D printing. (docplayer.net)
Spine arthroplasty device1
Facet Arthroplasty Devices1
- MRG's European Markets for Spinal Implants 2009 report provides various segments of the spinal fusion implant market as well as the market for spinal nonfusion treatments, such as interspinous process decompression devices, pedicle screw-based dynamic stabilization systems, artificial discs, nuclear disc prostheses, annulus repair devices, and facet arthroplasty devices. (bio-medicine.org)
- The spinal fusion implants of the present invention may have wells extending into the material of the implant from the surface for the purpose of holding fusion promoting materials and to provide for areas of bone ingrowth fixation. (google.com)
- The full report suite on the European market for spinal implants and VCF includes segments for traditional cervical and thoracolumbar fixation devices, interbody devices, motion preservation devices, vertebral compression fracture (VCF) treatment, spinal electrical stimulation and spinal instrumentation. (marketresearch.com)
- 12. The disc implant of claim 1 wherein each of said end plates includes at least one generally axially protruding fixation element for affixation to adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.es)
- Otani T, Whiteside LA, White SE, McCarty DS (1993) Effect of femoral component material properties on cementless fixation in total hip arthroplasty. (springer.com)
- One lesson from arthroplasty to osseointegration in search for better fixation of in-bone implanted prosthesis. (thefreelibrary.com)
- A variety of design modifications of the stems has been introduced and examined, including taper slip stems with a polished surface, fixation by intramedullary nails, or use of high-pressure saline to inflate the diameter of a cylindrical implant . (thefreelibrary.com)
- After laser RFA, the pull-down force of the acetabular cup was measured as conventional implant fixation strength. (mdpi.com)
- A malpositioned glenoid may have compromised fixation due to inadequate bony support or incomplete implant seating and may be subjected to increased torques on the fixation surface. (mynewsdesk.com)
- Polyethylene wear debris, generated at the bearing surfaces of hip prostheses, has been shown to have a direct link to osteolysis and implant loosening. (kon.org)
- Another phenomenon that occurs following arthroplasty, which has not been conclusively explained, is that younger and more physically active patients encounter a higher risk of future prostheses loosening . (thefreelibrary.com)
- Different theories, including the genome-based theory , try to explain loosening of implanted prostheses but none can be considered satisfactory [23- (thefreelibrary.com)
- PMMA is used to perform cranioplasty, to implant orthopedic prostheses, and to make artificial eyes and dentures. (ajnr.org)
- 5. A biologic artificial bone according to claim 1 , further comprising a single or multiple stumps of the artificial fiber material in continuity with the artificial bone composite for attachment of tendons after implantation of the biologic artificial bone. (google.ca)
- This device is designed to be implanted into bone for the attachment of soft tissues/tendons via a suture attached to the device. (medica-tradefair.com)
- 2017-10-12 - Working with Smart Materials to Make Prosthetic Limbs More Lifelike - UH engineer receives award to pursue work with smart materials for artificial muscles, tendons which would make prosthetic limbs more lifelike. (disabled-world.com)
- As the field of magnetic imaging has progressed, the radiology teams have begun to employ artifact correction techniques to minimize the effects of the patient's implant. (gehealthcare.com)
- A gastrointestinal device for implanting within a patient's gastrointestinal tract, the device having a central axis and a first expandable portion comprising. (patents.com)
- The type of implant is based on a patient's hip damage, age, weight, activity level and other lifestyle factors. (scripps.org)
Type of implant2
- For arthroplasty, an orthopedic surgeon may select from a number of implantable devices-artificial hips or knees-that are available on the market. (rand.org)
- Preoperative risk assessment should be performed and the operation should be performed with optimal technique, including the best possible physical configuration of implant components, soft-tissue balance, and an adequately experienced orthopedic surgeon. (aerzteblatt.de)
- Hip and knee arthroplasties are the two most commonly performed surgeries in the United States-estimates show that up to one million procedures are performed yearly. (verywellhealth.com)
- Arthroplasty carries the same risks as other major surgeries, including risk for infections and blood clots. (verywellhealth.com)
- Owing to these factors, the demand for knee implant surgeries has been growing worldwide. (sbwire.com)
- Rising awareness about the knee implant surgeries will act as another driving factor to the market. (sbwire.com)
- Patients with severe hip osteoarthritis are often indicated for hip surgeries, such as total hip arthroplasty (THA). (mdpi.com)
- Dislocation rates of up to 28% are reported after revision and implant exchange surgeries ( 2 , 11 ). (aerzteblatt.de)
- Over the past three years, the company adopted product innovation and new product launches as its key business strategy to develop new and advanced spinal implants and spinal devices, strengthen their product portfolios, and address the unmet needs of the end users for spine surgeries. (marketsandmarkets.com)
- An articular disc prosthesis and method of implanting the same within an intervertebral space between adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.com.au)
- A visco-elastic motion-limiting artificial intervertebral disc prosthesis is provided that mimics the physiologic function of a normal spinal disc. (google.co.uk)
- With age, intervertebral discs may begin to dehydrate and lose theirability to retain water, contributing to severe pain and decreased mobility.Artificial discs were developed to treat chronic back pain while allowing forthe preservation of physiological vertebral motion through properintervertebral spacing and stability. (medindia.net)
Prosthesis is implanted1
Adjacent vertebral bodies3
- a thread along at least a portion of the length of said body adapted to engage said implant to the adjacent vertebral bodies, said thread having a thread height measured from said body which is greatest at said at least one truncated side, said at least one truncated side having a truncated portion between said thread and said leading end. (google.com)
- 2. The spinal fusion implant of claim 1 , wherein said opposed arcuate portions are in an angular relationship to each other along at least a portion of the length of said implant sufficient to maintain the adjacent vertebral bodies in an angular relationship to each other. (google.com)
- 9. The disc implant of claim 1 wherein each of said end plates includes means for affixation to adjacent vertebral bodies. (google.es)
- The device is surgically implanted into the back and is placed between the spinous processes. (cure-back-pain.org)
- 2016-05-31 - Stroke Patient Walking Ability Improved with Implanted Neuroprosthesis - Surgically implanted neuroprosthesis led to substantial improvement in walking speed and distance in patient with limited mobility after a stroke. (disabled-world.com)
- This is a prospective, randomised clinical outcomes study comparing the Signature Personalised Patient Care, Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty and Computer Assisted Navigation, using Vanguard Knee System. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The objective of this study is to report and compare on the outcomes from patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty utilizing 'SignatureTM Personalised Patient Care', Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty and Computer Assisted Navigation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- With advancement of technology in the knee implant market, companies are offering diverse product portfolio to patients and surgeons with novel techniques, thus providing better outcomes for patients. (sbwire.com)
- Historically, total hip arthroplasty had inferior outcomes in this patient population due to poorer clinical outcomes and higher perioperative complications. (begellhouse.com)
- Surgical outcomes have improved because of established surgical techniques and advances in implant design and materials [ 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
- To compare the clinical outcomes between cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) and conservative management for patients with single level cervical radiculopathy at C5/6. (readbyqxmd.com)
- It is not known whether patient outcomes differ based on the length of the implant used. (isrctn.com)
- That the use of the 125mm ExeterTM stem in routine total hip arthroplasty achieves equivalent short-term (up to 2 years post-op) patient-reported and radiographic outcomes as the 150mm Exeter stem. (isrctn.com)
- Albany, NY -- ( SBWIRE ) -- 02/20/2017 -- Knee implants plays significant role in resurfacing a knee damaged either by traumas or by rheumatoid arthritis. (sbwire.com)
- Hip arthroplasty is recommended to treat patients with hip arthritis pain. (hss.edu)
- The other causes for Glenoid implants are Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, degenerative arthritis, Rotator Cuff Tear Arthroplasty, Avascular Necrosis, and Severe Fractures etc. (mynewsdesk.com)
- In patients with post-traumatic arthritis and osteoarthritis where the bone is hard and demand on the hand is moderate, new ceramic implants are used. (fondren.com)
- Cervical implants are devices surgeons use to decompress and stabilize the neck. (spineuniverse.com)
- Spine surgeons around the world are interested in cervical artificial discs to treat degenerative disease. (spineuniverse.com)
- There are more than 7 million Americans who have undergone some type of arthroplasty according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS). (verywellhealth.com)
- Thus, surgeons continue to gain a greater understanding of short- and long-term complications of arthroplasty. (thejns.org)
- Spine surgeons are now pursuing alternatives to fusion, such as total disc arthroplasty (TDA) to address fusion-related complications [ 7 , 27 , 33 , 37 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Then surgeons will place several different sizes of implant on it in order to find out the best fit one. (ntu.edu.sg)
- The implant that surgeons routinely use comes in two different lengths: the original (150mm) length or the 'short' (125mm) length. (isrctn.com)
- This implant is also placed between the spinous processes to enlarge foraminal openings and relieve the symptoms of central canal and neuroforaminal narrowing. (cure-back-pain.org)
- The spine is designed to bend and flex, so any implant which helps to relieve symptoms while maintaining range of motion is at least on the right track. (cure-back-pain.org)
- Total hip arthroplasty is usually indicated in cases of severe degeneration of the hip and/or when conservative treatment options have failed to relieve pain. (lmh.org)
- A cervical arthroplasty is performed on the upper spine (neck area) to relieve pressure and pain on the spinal cord and/or on the nerve roots. (tmh.org)
- A lumbar arthroplasty is performed on the lower spine to relieve pressure and pain in the low back area, including the cauda equine and/or on the nerve roots. (tmh.org)
- However, little information is available concerning the stress distribution pattern and the micromotion of the proximal femur and the femoral stem associated with the use of these materials in total hip arthroplasty. (springer.com)
- Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of three different articulating materials used in total hip arthroplasty on the stress and micromotion of the proximal femur and femoral stem. (springer.com)
- With the help of the cutting guide, the surgeon cuts several pieces of bone from the end of the femur in order to match the implant shape, that's called shaping the distal femoral bone. (ntu.edu.sg)
- A total knee arthroplasty (TKA) set that includes a universal cutting jig for shaping the distal femur is disclosed. (google.es)
- The universal cutting jig may be used to create a shaped femur that can be receive multiple and different TKA implant designs. (google.es)
- To implant the Pinnacle system, the surgeon inserts a metal femoral stem inside the femur bone. (injurylawyer-news.com)
- In an artificial hip, the femoral head is on top of a femoral stem. (kon.org)
- A stem with an artificial femoral head is inserted into the prebored and cleaned medullary canal of a tube bone, with or without cement, as schematically shown in Figure 1. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Can Arthroplasty Stem INfluence Outcome? (isrctn.com)
- 2015-01-11 - Neuro-prosthetics for Paralysis - Flexible Implant Slips into Spinal Cord - e-Dura implant can be applied directly to the spinal cord without causing damage and inflammation. (disabled-world.com)
- 2014-10-24 - Creating Artificial Real Feelings in Prosthetics - Prosthetic system being developed uses electrical signals sent by a computer into the nerves of the arm and brain enabling feelings in amputees. (disabled-world.com)
- Artificial discs have been introduced as motion-preserving devices to reduce the risk of fusion-related complications. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Deborah and Glen Eichel have brought a new DePuy hip injury lawsuit , claiming that the Pinnacle hip implant designed and marketed by the defendants is defective and caused debilitating complications. (injurylawyer-news.com)
- The lawsuit states that if the defendants had not concealed the known risks, early failure rate, and other complications associated with the Pinnacle device, the plaintiff would never have consented to receive this particular hip implant. (injurylawyer-news.com)
- Here's an interesting additional point on the story of Abiomed's AbioCor total artificial heart that has been approved with a humanitarian device exemption for use in a limited patient population with only a few months to live. (medgadget.com)
- 9. The implant of claim 8 further comprising a grommet in the opening to abut the device. (google.com)
- 14. The implant of claim 11 wherein the single attachment opening extends through the portion of the first fabric member of the core portion and the pair of layers of the second fabric member of the ligament portion to allow passage of a anchor or screw device to anchor the implant to a vertebra. (google.com)
- 15. The implant of claim 14 further comprising a grommet in the single attachment opening to abut the anchor or screw device. (google.com)
- This device represents an additional leap forward in artificial disc technology. (cure-back-pain.org)
- An implanted tongue septum fascia retraction device includes a fascia fixer, a pull line and a mandible fixer. (patents.com)
- Using X-rays or fluoroscopy as guidance, the artificial disc device is implanted into the prepared disc space. (spine-health.com)
- An arthroplasty is a mechanical device and will wear out over long periods of time. (spine-health.com)
- The U.S. market for spinal implants is comprised of the fusion device market, MIS fusion market, motion preservation market, vertebral compression fracture (VCF) market, and the spinal electrical stimulation (E-Stim) market. (marketpublishers.com)
- This device implanted in the spine can carry out normal functions of bending and motion whenever the body requires doing so. (allhealthguides.com)
- Over the past few years, well-publicized implant device recalls underscore the importance of this issue. (rand.org)
- To assess the safety and efficacy of cervical disc arthroplasty using a new arthroplasty device at 24-months follow-up. (nih.gov)
- Artificial discs are made from various materials. (spineuniverse.com)
- There are a number of on-going, and some completed, FDA trials of artificial discs underway in the United States. (spineuniverse.com)
- There are many kinds of artificial discs and there are two general types of discs that are available. (allhealthguides.com)
- What are artificial discs made up of? (allhealthguides.com)
- Many artificial discs are made of metals and plastic like products known as biopolymer or a combination of both. (allhealthguides.com)
- Treatments › Emerging Treatments › Artificial Discs › Charité Artificial Disc versus Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fu. (spineuniverse.com)
- In addition, in the next few years, other artificial discs will be approved and increase the body of knowledge and experience of these devices. (spineuniverse.com)
Spinal fusion implant3
- An external thread is employed to increase implant stability and implant surface area, and for the purpose of advancing the spinal fusion implant into the fusion. (google.com)
- 8. The spinal fusion implant of claim 6 , further comprising a cap for closing said access opening. (google.com)
- 10. The spinal fusion implant of claim 1 , further in combination with a fusion promoting substance. (google.com)