Immersion: The placing of a body or a part thereof into a liquid.Dental Disinfectants: Chemicals especially for use on instruments to destroy pathogenic organisms. (Boucher, Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Hydrotherapy: External application of water for therapeutic purposes.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Diving: An activity in which the organism plunges into water. It includes scuba and bell diving. Diving as natural behavior of animals goes here, as well as diving in decompression experiments with humans or animals.Denture Cleansers: Substances used to clean dentures; they are usually alkaline peroxides or hypochlorites, may contain enzymes and release oxygen. Use also for sonic action cleaners.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Acrylic ResinsHardness: The mechanical property of material that determines its resistance to force. HARDNESS TESTS measure this property.Baths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.Sodium Hypochlorite: It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.Pliability: The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)Dental Impression Materials: Substances used to create an impression, or negative reproduction, of the teeth and dental arches. These materials include dental plasters and cements, metallic oxide pastes, silicone base materials, or elastomeric materials.Hardness Tests: A test to determine the relative hardness of a metal, mineral, or other material according to one of several scales, such as Brinell, Mohs, Rockwell, Vickers, or Shore. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Near Drowning: Non-fatal immersion or submersion in water. The subject is resuscitable.Euthanasia, Animal: The killing of animals for reasons of mercy, to control disease transmission or maintain the health of animal populations, or for experimental purposes (ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION).Cryotherapy: A form of therapy consisting in the local or general use of cold. The selective destruction of tissue by extreme cold or freezing is CRYOSURGERY. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Denture Liners: Material applied to the tissue side of a denture to provide a soft lining to the parts of a denture coming in contact with soft tissue. It cushions contact of the denture with the tissues.Methacrylates: Acrylic acids or acrylates which are substituted in the C-2 position with a methyl group.Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Methylmethacrylates: The methyl esters of methacrylic acid that polymerize easily and are used as tissue cements, dental materials, and absorbent for biological substances.Denture Bases: The part of a denture that overlies the soft tissue and supports the supplied teeth and is supported in turn by abutment teeth or the residual alveolar ridge. It is usually made of resins or metal or their combination.Prosthesis Coloring: Coloring, shading, or tinting of prosthetic components, devices, and materials.Drowning: Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.Energy Drinks: Beverages consumed as stimulants and tonics. They usually contain a combination of CAFFEINE with other substances such as herbal supplements; VITAMINS; AMINO ACIDS; and sugar or sugar derivatives.Axial Length, Eye: The distance between the anterior and posterior poles of the eye, measured either by ULTRASONOGRAPHY or by partial coherence interferometry.Resins, Synthetic: Polymers of high molecular weight which at some stage are capable of being molded and then harden to form useful components.Glutaral: One of the protein CROSS-LINKING REAGENTS that is used as a disinfectant for sterilization of heat-sensitive equipment and as a laboratory reagent, especially as a fixative.Nanocomposites: Nanometer-scale composite structures composed of organic molecules intimately incorporated with inorganic molecules. (Glossary of Biotechnology and Nanobiotechology Terms, 4th ed)Fish Diseases: Diseases of freshwater, marine, hatchery or aquarium fish. This term includes diseases of both teleosts (true fish) and elasmobranchs (sharks, rays and skates).Restraint, Physical: Use of a device for the purpose of controlling movement of all or part of the body. Splinting and casting are FRACTURE FIXATION.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Polyurethanes: A group of thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers containing polyisocyanate. They are used as ELASTOMERS, as coatings, as fibers and as foams.Apatites: A group of phosphate minerals that includes ten mineral species and has the general formula X5(YO4)3Z, where X is usually calcium or lead, Y is phosphorus or arsenic, and Z is chlorine, fluorine, or OH-. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Interferometry: Measurement of distances or movements by means of the phenomena caused by the interference of two rays of light (optical interferometry) or of sound (acoustic interferometry).Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Immersion Foot: A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Acaricides: A pesticide or chemical agent that kills mites and ticks. This is a large class that includes carbamates, formamides, organochlorines, organophosphates, etc, that act as antibiotics or growth regulators.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Apnea: A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Endotamponade: A method of stopping internal bleeding or blood flow, or the closure of a wound or body cavity, achieved by applying pressure or introducing an absorbent liquid, gel, or tampon.Polymerization: Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).Polymethacrylic Acids: Poly-2-methylpropenoic acids. Used in the manufacture of methacrylate resins and plastics in the form of pellets and granules, as absorbent for biological materials and as filters; also as biological membranes and as hydrogens. Synonyms: methylacrylate polymer; poly(methylacrylate); acrylic acid methyl ester polymer.Denture Rebasing: The process of refitting a denture by replacing the denture base material without changing the occlusal relations of the teeth. Rebasing may include adding to the denture base to compensate for resorptive changes to subjacent structures.Carbonated Beverages: Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.Shivering: Involuntary contraction or twitching of the muscles. It is a physiologic method of heat production in man and other mammals.Hypothermia: Lower than normal body temperature, especially in warm-blooded animals.Aminobenzoates: Derivatives of BENZOIC ACID that contain one or more amino groups attached to the benzene ring structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobenzoate structure.Heat Stroke: A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.Silicone Elastomers: Polymers of silicone that are formed by crosslinking and treatment with amorphous silica to increase strength. They have properties similar to vulcanized natural rubber, in that they stretch under tension, retract rapidly, and fully recover to their original dimensions upon release. They are used in the encapsulation of surgical membranes and implants.Tooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Tissue Conditioning (Dental): The use of a treatment material (tissue conditioner) to re-establish tone and health to irritated oral soft tissue, usually applied to the edentulous alveolar ridge.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Balneology: Therapy by various hot or warm baths in natural mineral waters, spas, or "cures". It includes not only bathing in, but also drinking the waters, but it does not include whirlpool baths (HYDROTHERAPY).Natural Childbirth: Labor and delivery without medical intervention, usually involving RELAXATION THERAPY.

Effects of nicorandil on experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats: a possible role of K(ATP) channels. (1/445)

The anti-ulcer effects of nicorandil [N-(2-hydroxyethyl)nicotinamide nitrate ester] were examined on water-immersion plus restraint stress-induced and aspirin-induced gastric ulcers in rats, compared with those of cimetidine. Nicorandil (3 and 10 mg/kg) given orally to rats dose-dependently inhibited the development of acid-related damage (water-immersion- and aspirin-induced gastric lesions) in the models. Cimetidine (50 mg/kg, p.o.) also had anti-ulcer effects in the same models. However, in the presence of glibenclamide (20 mg/kg, i.v.), an antagonist of K(ATP) channels, nicorandil did not inhibit the formation of gastric lesions. Nicorandil (10 mg/kg) given intraduodenally (i.d.), like cimetidine (50 mg/kg), significantly reduced the volume of the gastric content, total acidity and total acid output in the pylorus ligation model. Glibenclamide reversed the changes caused by i.d. nicorandil. I.v. infusion of nicorandil (20 microg/kg per min) significantly increased gastric mucosal blood flow, without affecting blood pressure and heart rate, but the increase in the blood flow was not observed after i.v. treatment with glibenclamide (20 mg/kg). These results indicate that nicorandil administered orally to rats produces the anti-ulcer effect by reducing the aggressive factors and by enhancing the defensive process in the mucosa through its K(ATP)-channel-opening property.  (+info)

Core temperature and sweating onset in humans acclimated to heat given at a fixed daily time. (2/445)

The thermoregulatory functions of rats acclimated to heat given daily at a fixed time are altered, especially during the period in which they were previously exposed to heat. In this study, we investigated the existence of similar phenomena in humans. Volunteers were exposed to an ambient temperature (Ta) of 46 degrees C and a relative humidity of 20% for 4 h (1400-1800) for 9-10 consecutive days. In the first experiment, the rectal temperatures (Tre) of six subjects were measured over 24 h at a Ta of 27 degrees C with and without heat acclimation. Heat acclimation significantly lowered Tre only between 1400 and 1800. In the second experiment, six subjects rested in a chair at a Ta of 28 degrees C and a relative humidity of 40% with both legs immersed in warm water (42 degrees C) for 30 min. The Tre and sweating rates at the forearm and chest were measured. Measurements were made in the morning (0900-1100) and afternoon (1500-1700) on the same day before and after heat acclimation. Heat acclimation shortened the sweating latency and decreased the threshold Tre for sweating. However, these changes were significant only in the afternoon. The results suggest that repeated heat exposure in humans, limited to a fixed time daily, alters the core temperature level and thermoregulatory function, especially during the period in which the subjects had previously been exposed to heat.  (+info)

Acute renal impairment after immersion and near-drowning. (3/445)

Acute renal impairment (ARI) secondary to immersion and near-drowning is rarely described and poorly understood. A retrospective case-control study was performed: (1) to determine the incidence of ARI associated with near-drowning or immersion and (2) to define the clinical syndrome and to assess clinical predictors of ARI. Of 30 patients presenting after immersion or near-drowning, 50% were identified with ARI, with a mean admission serum creatinine of 0.24 +/- 0.33 mmol/L (2.7 +/- 3.7 mg/dl). These patients were a heterogeneous group: Eight had mild reversible ARI, three had ARI related to shock and multisystem failure, two had rhabdomyolysis-related ARI, and two had severe isolated ARI. Two patients required supportive hemodialysis and two died. Patients with ARI experienced more marked acidosis than control patients, as measured by serum bicarbonate (P < 0.001), pH (P < 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). There was also a higher admission lymphocyte count in the ARI group (P = 0.056). Dipstick hematuria on admission was significantly more common in patients with ARI (P = 0.016), and patients with 2 to 3+ of admission dipstick proteinuria had a higher peak serum creatinine than patients with less proteinuria (P < 0.05). Admission predictors of ARI by univariate logistic regression analysis included reduced serum bicarbonate (P = 0.002), pH (P = 0.001), and base excess (P < 0.001). The best predictor of ARI on multivariate analysis was a negative base excess (P = 0.01). In summary, acute renal impairment commonly occurs after immersion and near-drowning and is a heterogeneous condition. Although mild reversible renal impairment (serum creatinine < 0.30 mmol/L) (3.4 mg/dl) is usual, severe acute renal failure requiring dialysis can occur. It is recommended that any patient who presents after near-drowning or immersion should be assessed for potential ARI by serial estimations of serum creatinine, particularly when there is an increase in the initial serum creatinine, marked metabolic acidosis, an abnormal urinalysis, or a significant lymphocytosis.  (+info)

Influence of immersion on respiratory requirements during 30-min cycling exercise. (4/445)

Immersion is considered to facilitate exercise-based rehabilitation. However, the drag effect of moving limbs in water, likely to increase the respiratory requirements at exercise, is not mentioned in many reports. The energetic and ventilatory requirements of 30 min steady state cycling exercise performed by healthy male subjects in air and during immersion up to the xiphoid in 33 degrees C water were compared. In the first experimental series nine subjects exercised at the same 60% maximal oxygen consumption (V'O2,max) in air and water. In the two ambient conditions, ventilatory variables had similar values, but the ergometric setting had to be reduced during water immersion so that the workload rated only 69+/-20 W (mean+/-SD) in water versus 121+/-32 W (p<0.001) in air. In the second experimental series, the same ergometric work load (122 W) was achieved by nine subjects with an average V'O2 of 2,210+/-300 mL x min(-1) in air versus 2,868+/-268 mL x min(-1) in water (p<0.001). Resting water immersion caused a marked trend for decreasing vital capacity (p=0.06), but no modification of other ventilatory variables. During exercise at similar V'O2, the average values of minute ventilation (V'E), tidal volume (VT), respiratory frequency (fR), tidal inspiratory time (VT/tI) were not different between water and air. However, at similar ergometric workload, V'E, VT, fR, VT/tI and plasma lactate levels were significantly higher in water than in air. Such consequences of the drag effect of water upon limb movements have not been reported in previous studies relying on shorter exercise bouts. Thus, maintaining steady exercise levels in water either led to a decrease in the workload or required a 25% higher oxygen consumption than in air. These findings may be relevant to the prescription of water immersion rehabilitation programmes.  (+info)

Maximal physiological responses to deep water running at thermoneutral temperature. (5/445)

This study investigated the metabolic demands of deep water running (DWR) compared with those of treadmill running (TMR) while the water and ambient temperatures were kept under thermoneutral condition. Two maximal tests, one on treadmill and the other running in deep water using the Wet Vest (Lincoln life jacket) were undertaken by twenty healthy non-smoker males (Age = 28.0 +/- 9.2 years). The order of trials was counterbalanced with half of the subjects completing the treadmill first and the rest completing the water running first. Oxygen consumption (VO2), ventilation, heart rate (HR), respiratory exchange ratio (RQ), ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and blood lactate were measured. VO2max (2.68 vs 3.40 ml/kg/min), HRmax (171.5 vs 190.8 beats/min), maximal minute ventilation (98.5 vs 113.31/min), and peak blood lactate value (10.44 vs 12.47 mmol/l) in response to DWR were significantly lower than those of TMR in the thermoneutral conditions. The lower VO2max and HRmax values of DWR compared to those of TMR are shown to be attributed to the hydrostatic effects caused by water and different muscle recruitment patterns between DWR and TMR.  (+info)

Thermoregulatory responses to cold water at different times of day. (6/445)

This study examined how time of day affects thermoregulation during cold-water immersion (CWI). It was hypothesized that the shivering and vasoconstrictor responses to CWI would differ at 0700 vs. 1500 because of lower initial core temperatures (T(core)) at 0700. Nine men were immersed (20 degrees C, 2 h) at 0700 and 1500 on 2 days. No differences (P > 0.05) between times were observed for metabolic heat production (M, 150 W. m(-2)), heat flow (250 W. m(-2)), mean skin temperature (T(sk), 21 degrees C), and the mean body temperature-change in M (DeltaM) relationship. Rectal temperature (T(re)) was higher (P < 0.05) before (Delta = 0.4 degrees C) and throughout CWI during 1500. The change in T(re) was greater (P < 0. 05) at 1500 (-1.4 degrees C) vs. 0700 (-1.2 degrees C), likely because of the higher T(re)-T(sk) gradient (0.3 degrees C) at 1500. These data indicate that shivering and vasoconstriction are not affected by time of day. These observations raise the possibility that CWI may increase the risk of hypothermia in the early morning because of a lower initial T(core).  (+info)

Thermoregulation during cold exposure: effects of prior exercise. (7/445)

This study examined whether acute exercise would impair the body's capability to maintain thermal balance during a subsequent cold exposure. Ten men rested for 2 h during a standardized cold-air test (4.6 degrees C) after two treatments: 1) 60 min of cycle exercise (Ex) at 55% peak O(2) uptake and 2) passive heating (Heat). Ex was performed during a 35 degrees C water immersion (WI), and Heat was conducted during a 38.2 degrees C WI. The duration of Heat was individually adjusted (mean = 53 min) so that rectal temperature was similar at the end of WI in both Ex (38.2 degrees C) and Heat (38.1 degrees C). During the cold-air test after Ex, relative to Heat 1) rectal temperature was lower (P < 0.05) from minutes 40-120, 2) mean weighted heat flow was higher (P < 0.05), 3) insulation was lower (P < 0.05), and 4) metabolic heat production was not different. These results suggest that prior physical exercise may predispose a person to greater heat loss and to experience a larger decline in core temperature when subsequently exposed to cold air. The combination of exercise intensity and duration studied in these experiments did not fatigue the shivering response to cold exposure.  (+info)

Evaluating physiological strain during cold exposure using a new cold strain index. (8/445)

A cold strain index (CSI) based on core (T(core)) and mean skin temperatures (T(sk)) and capable of indicating cold strain in real time and analyzing existing databases has been developed. This index rates cold strain on a universal scale of 0-10 and is as follows: CSI = 6.67(T(core t) - T(core 0)). (35 - T(core 0))(-1) + 3.33(T(sk (t)) - T(sk 0)). (20 - T(sk 0))(-1), where T(core 0) and T(sk 0) are initial measurements and T(core t) and T(sk t) are simultaneous measurements taken at any time t; when T(core t) > T(core 0), then T(core t) - T(core 0) = 0. CSI was applied to three databases. The first database was obtained from nine men exposed to cold air (7 degrees C, 40% relative humidity) for 120 min during euhydration and two hypohydration conditions achieved by exercise-heat stress-induced sweating or by ingestion of furosemide 12 h before cold exposure. The second database was from eight men exposed to cold air (10 degrees C) immediately on completion of 61 days of strenuous outdoor military training, 48 h later, and after 109 days. The third database was from eight men repeatedly immersed in 20 degrees C water three times in 1 day and during control immersions. CSI significantly differentiated (P < 0.01) between the trials and individually categorized the strain of the subject for two of these three databases. This index has the potential to be widely accepted and used universally.  (+info)

The standard deviations of change scores for total and fat-free soft tissue mass (FFST) from Random scans (2-3%) were approximately double those observed in the Best (1-2%), owing to extra random errors associated with Random scans at baseline. There was little difference in change scores for fat mass. The effect of cold water immersion therapy on baseline-taper changes in FFST was possibly harmful (-0.7%; 90% confidence limits ±1.2%) with Best scans but unclear with Random scans (0.9%; ±2.0%). Both protocols gave similar possibly harmful effects of cold water immersion therapy on changes in fat mass (6.9%; ±13.5% and 5.5%; ±14.3%, respectively). ...
Weve all seen videos of athletes giving post-game interviews from the discomfort of locker room ice baths. Does this recovery strategy really work, and can those benefits be enjoyed by typical gym-goers in addition to competitive athletes? And how do timing and duration factor in? This latest ACE-sponsored research answers these questions and more.
Abstract: The autonomic nervous system reflexively controls many physiological systems, including the cardiovascular and ventilatory systems. Water immersion causes fluid shifts within the body that increase central blood volume and intravascular fluid volume. These increases are thought to cause changes in autonomic activity, however it is not known if sympathetic nerve activity is reduced during water immersion. Because the autonomic nervous system controls the cardiovascular and ventilatory systems, it is imperative to understand changes in autonomic activity during water immersion in order to develop countermeasures to protect Navy and recreational divers from potentially adverse physiological responses to the environmental conditions that they are exposed to. This project will examine how changes in both water temperature and breathing gases influence autonomic activity during head out water immersion ...
Immersion of the human body in water has several physiological effects, some of these are directly due to immersion, and are caused by the external hydrostatic pressure of the water providing support against the internal hydrostatic pressure of the blood. Other effects are due to water temperature and heat transfer. Immersion in water affects the circulation, renal system and fluid balance, breathing, and thermal balance. Immersion in cold water is causatively associated with drowning and hypothermia. Plasma fluid losses due to immersion diuresis occur within a short period of immersion. Head-out immersion causes a blood shift from the limbs and into the thorax. The fluid shift is largely from the extravascular tissues and the increased atrial volume results in a compensatory diuresis. Plasma volume, stroke volume, and cardiac output remain higher than normal during immersion. The increased respiratory and cardiac workload causes increased blood flow to the cardiac and respiratory muscles. ...
There are proven acute regenerative benefits of both cold water immersion and cold application after exercise... cool? Not so cool, no. Two recent studies demonstrate: In the long run both will impair your gains.
A reduction in body temperature is considered to be the primary mechanism by which cold water immersion (CWI) enhances short-term (h) recovery and improves exercise capacity in the heat. However, improvement in exercise performance may be optimised at a given cooling magnitude. Water temperature and immersion duration influence the magnitude of cooling in the core body, muscle and skin. Given the role of blood flow in convective heat flux, substrate delivery and metabolic waste clearance, it is important to understand the influence of different water temperatures on compartmental distribution of limb blood flow during CWI. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare blood flow changes in the common femoral artery, vastus lateralis muscle, and thigh skin induced by 5 min of post-exercise water immersion at 8°C, 14°C, 35°C or passive rest. In a randomised manner, nine recreationally active men performed exhaustive cycling in a climate control chamber (32.8 ± 0.4°C and 32 ± 5%rh), followed by
The effects of cold acclimation (CA) on the cardiorespiratory responses to cold air and water stress tests (CST) were studied in seven males before and after a CA program of daily 90 min cold water (18 C) immersions repeated five times a week for five consecutive weeks. The CST consisted of a 90 min resting exposure to cold air or water during which rectal temperature (T sub re), oxygen consumption (VO2), carbon dioxide production (VCO2), minute ventilation (V sub E), heart rate (HR), cardiac output (Q) and blood pressure (BP) were periodically measured. In cold air following CA, the VO2 at 10 minutes was lower post than pre CA, however, no differences were found in cold water. The (V sub E) increased during CST as a function of VCO2. The CA did not affect the (V sub E)-VCO2 relationship or the pattern of breathing during CST in cold air or water. The CA had no effect on Q or (a-V) O2 difference, which both increased during the first 45 min of CST, then remained stable. BP increased significantly during
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The Water Immersion Process is the most widely accepted method of sterilizing product using an overpressure process. Do you know the process steps involved with water immersion retorts?
1. Four Macaca fascicularis monkeys were bilaterally sympathectomized by removing the thoracic sympathetic chain from the middle cervical ganglion to the T-6 sympathetic ganglion. This was done chronically, allowing adequate recovery time. While under light pentobarbital anaesthesia, the animals were then subjected to blood volume expansions with isotonic, isooncotic dextran or to head-out immersions. Seven immersions and seven volume expansions were carried out.. 2. With immersion, there were significant increases in blood pressure, central venous pressure, urine flow, sodium excretion, potassium excretion, glomerular filtration rate, percentage of filtered sodium excreted and free water clearance. Although blood pressure and central venous pressure initially increased during the first immersion period, heart rate continued to increase with the immersion, while blood pressure and central venous pressure remained constant. Volume expansion caused an increase in central venous pressure, urine ...
Hernández-Plata E, Velázquez-Wong AC, Jiménez-Ramírez C, Fernández-Ramírez F, Galicia-Sánchez LM, Flores-García CA, Hernández-Hernández JM, Rosas-Vargas H, Huicochea-Montiel JC, Espinosa-Poblano E Lung Metastasizing Leiomyomatosis (LML) is an infrequently diagnosed pathology developed after sexual maturation, commonly preceded by uterine myomas. Symptoms can… Read More PMID: 30597752 ...
Dont ever think that boating activities wont expose you to the risk of hypothermia. Wear rain gear when it rains. A windbreaker over a fleece jacket is very effective to protect against the wind. Hypothermia can occur on what begins as a warm, sunny day. In remote areas, carry matches and go ashore if you need to build a fire. Also carry an extra jacket, hat, and blankets. Remember that, as a responsible operator, you should tell your passengers what to bring along for the outing.. ...
This is really interesting, I am trying to find the link to read the full article but cant find it anywhere. Is there a link you could share so i could have a read?. LikeLike. ...
Heat acclimation by post-exercise hot water immersion (HWI) on six consecutive days reduces thermal strain and improves exercise performance during heat stress. However, the retention of adaptations by this method remains unknown. Typically, adaptations to short-term, exercise-heat-acclimation (max in the heat (33°C, 40% RH) before (PRE) and 24 h after (POST) the HWI intervention (n = 13) and then at 1 week (WK 1) and 2 weeks (WK 2) after the HWI intervention (n = 9). Heat acclimation involved a 40-min treadmill run (65% max) on six consecutive days in temperate conditions (20°C), followed by ≤40 min HWI (40°C). Post-exercise HWI induced heat acclimation adaptations that were retained for at least 2 weeks, evidenced by reductions from PRE to WK 2 in: resting rectal core temperature (Tre, −0.36 ± 0.25°C), Tre at sweating onset (−0.26 ± 0.24°C), and end-exercise Tre (−0.36 ± 0.37°C). Furthermore, mean skin temperature (Tsk) (−0.77 ± 0.70°C), heart rate (−14 ± 10 beats⋅min-1),
Im happy and beyond tired," said Grace Mah, who spearheaded the Mandarin immersion push.. Many of the concerns raised about Palo Altos program were also brought up when Cupertinos pioneer program began a decade ago. One Cupertino parent at the time questioned the value of language immersion. "Cupertino caters too much to the Chinese," she told a neighborhood newspaper after the Mandarin immersion was proposed to the school board. "Mandarin should be taught at home.". Seed money for the Cupertino program was a $175,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Education. But in the beginning, some parents and residents objected to use of district funds and staff time for the immersion program - just as opponents have objected in Palo Alto.. Parents of Cupertino immersion students countered with a solution of their own: They said they would raise supplemental funds for the program.. "For any successful program, a huge amount of parent involvement was needed to keep it sustained," said Jerry Wang, a ...
The marked reduction in breath-hold time (i.e., volitional apnea) with cold water immersion and submersion has obvious implication for escape from within vessels, helicopters, and vehicles that have accidentally sunk, as a well as immersion in rough water. The volume of the inspiratory gasp and the minute volumes resulting from the uncontrollable hyperventilation (minute ventilation ,100 liters) that occurs on immersion in cold water should be compared with the lethal volume for sea water aspiration, 22 ml/kg or ∼1.5 liters for a 70-kg human (52). The observation of the high incidence of cardiac arrhythmias following the release of breath hold has implications for snorkeling and breath-hold diving, as well as for survival following near drowning.. In many countries, water birth has become commonplace. For example in the United Kingdom, the UK Central Council for Nursing has stated that assistance at water birth is part of a midwifes duties and not "special treatment" (13, 78). Each midwife ...
In a study of 6 men aged 29 to 48 we studied the effect of water body immersion during air or pure oxygen, or oxygen - 4 % CO2 gas mixture breathing upon pulmonary volumes and respiratory biomechanics (using bodyplethysmography), the extent of lung hydration (two-frequency impedansometry), and pulmonary metabolic function (by determination of the concentration of biologically active substances in the condensate of the exhaled air). We found an additive nature of immersion/hyperoxic effects upon the respiratory and metabolic pulmonary functions manifested in an acceleration and growth of a deficit in pulmonary vital capacity, a bronchoconstriction effect, increase of a lung hydration, and decrease of serotonin catabolism. Contrary to our expectation, we did non find any potentiation of oxygen induced toxic effects upon the lungs during immersion/hyperoxia/hypercapnia exposures ...
Any victim pulled from cold water should be treated for hypothermia - this is the very dangerous and important stage of survival which is a result of cold water immersion. At this point, you should seek trained medical treatment immediately. Symptoms of hypothermia may include intense shivering, loss of coordination, mental confusion, cold and blue (cyanotic) skin, weak pulse, uncontrolled breathing, irregular heartbeat, and enlarged pupils. Once shivering stops, core body temperature begins to drop critically. Try to prevent body cooling and get the victim to a medical facility immediately.. ...
is converted to polymethacrylimide Rohacell 31 IG F Properties Metric English Comments Physical Properties Density 0 032 g cc 0 00116 lb in ASTM D 1622 63 Water Absorption 19 5 19 5 Equilibrium at 98 RH Moisture Absorption at Equilibrium 1 5 1 5 15 RH Moisture Absorption at Equilibrium 2 9 2 9 30 RH Moisture Absorption at Equilibrium 4 7 4 7 50 RH Moisture Absorption at Equilibrium 6 6 65 RH Water Absorption at Saturation 13 13 Volume 50 days immersion at 20fC Moisture Expansion Max 1 Max 1 50 days immersion at 20fC Mechanical Properties Tensile Strength Ultimate 0 979 MPa 142 psi ASTM D 638 68 Elongation break 3 5 3 5 ASTM D 638 68 Modulus of Elasticity 0 0353 GPa 5 12 ksi ASTM D 638 68 Flexural Yield Strength 0 786 MPa 114 psi ASTM D 790 66 Compressive Yield Strength 0 393 mpA 57 PSI ASTM D 790 66 Shear Modulus 0 0128 1 85 ksi ASTM C 273 61 Shear Modulus 0 0137 1 99ksi ASTM D 2236 69 Shear Strength 0 393 MPa 57 psi ASTM C 273 61 Electrical Properties Dielectric Constant 1 05 1 05 5 0 GHz ...
Immersion on Thursday announced the appointment of a former Apple vice president of developer relations, Clent Richardson as president and CEO.
In this research, a simple and fast method was employed to synthesize CuO nanoleaves/silica gel nanocomposites (CuO/SGn), which is a cost effective antimicrobial material. CuSO4.5H2O is the only raw material used in CuO/SGn production through the molten salt method. The structure and morphology of the nanocomposites were characterized by DRS, XRD, and SEM. The copper size in CuO/SG was found to be dependent on the immersion time in molten salt. SEM images revealed smaller-sized particle leaves, from a sample obtained after longer immersion time.The antimicrobial activity of CuO/SGn was investigated against Escherichia coli. The produced CuO/SGn showed inhibitory effect against E. coli. However, the growth-inhibitory effect depends on the copper content and size. Lower loading of CuO nanoparticles in 10 min immersion time resulted in less antibacterial activity (73.33%) and sample obtained from longer immersion time demonstrated higher antibacterial activity (up to 99.96%). The maximum amount of released
This review evaluated the effects of precooling via cold water immersion (CWI) and ingestion of ice slurry/slushy or crushed ice (ICE) on endurance performance measures (e.g. time-to-exhaustion and time trials) and psychophysiological parameters (core [Tcore] and skin [Tskin] temperatures, whole body sweat [WBS] response, heart rate [HR], thermal sensation [TS], and perceived exertion [RPE]). Twenty-two studies were included in the meta-analysis based on the following criteria: (i) cooling was performed before exercise with ICE or CWI; (ii) exercise longer than 6 min was performed in ambient temperature ≥26°C; and (iii) crossover study design with a non-cooling passive control condition ...
This study investigated the effect of regular postexercise cold water immersion (CWI) on muscle aerobic adaptations to endurance training. Eight males performed 3 sessions/wk of endurance training for 4 wk. Following each session, subjects immersed one leg in a cold water bath (10°C; COLD) for 15 min, while the contralateral leg served as a control (CON). Muscle biopsies were obtained from vastus lateralis of both CON and COLD legs prior to training and 48 h following the last training session. Samples were analyzed for signaling kinases: p38 MAPK and AMPK, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), enzyme activities indicative of mitochondrial biogenesis, and protein subunits representative of respiratory chain complexes I-V ...
This review includes 12 trials (3243 women): eight related to just the first stage of labour: one to early versus late immersion in the first stage of labour; two to the first and second stages; and another to the second stage only. We identified no trials evaluating different baths/pools, or the management of third stage of labour.. Results for the first stage of labour showed there was a significant reduction in the epidural/spinal/paracervical analgesia/anaesthesia rate amongst women allocated to water immersion compared to controls (478/1254 versus 529/1245; risk ratio (RR) 0.90; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82 to 0.99, six trials). There was also a reduction in duration of the first stage of labour (mean difference -32.4 minutes; 95% CI -58.7 to -6.13). There was no difference in assisted vaginal deliveries (RR 0.86; 95% CI 0.71 to 1.05, seven trials), caesarean sections (RR 1.21; 95% CI 0.87 to 1.68, eight trials), use of oxytocin infusion (RR 0.64; 95%CI 0.32 to 1.28,five trials), ...
A method for cleaning dirty objects using cleaning fluid and rinsing fluid and an apparatus using the method. The method has consecutive steps of spraying the surface of a dirty object with high pressure spray of cleaning fluid, immersing the dirty object in an immersion chamber containing cleaning fluid, spraying additional cleaning fluid at high pressure into the immersion chamber at a location downstream from the initial location where the dirty object is immersed to turbulate cleaning fluid therein to scrub the surface of the dirty object, removing the dirty object from the immersion chamber, and spraying the surface of the dirty object with a high pressure spray of rinsing fluid.
... ,Cargille Immersion Oils are the standard - the ones to compare with, the ones to compete against. Cargille Laboratories has consistently led in the development and standardization of immersion oil for over 42 years. Here is the record: ,, When the FDA set general purpose reagent criteria under th,medicine,medical supply,medical supplies,medical product
In September 1996, Montgomery County [Maryland] started what it promoted as the first Mandarin Chinese immersion program for elementary students in the country. The program at Potomac Elementary School became a national model, and acclaim and fame followed. Today, the original class of first-graders are seniors preparing for college. Many continued to study Chinese in middle and high school, but most dropped out in recent years - a handful as late as this fall - citing confusion in the curriculum and difficulties with the instructor. Now, just three of the first 22 students continue to study Chinese at the clusters high school….. Critics say there is a lack of resources and appropriate materials, poor coordination among grade levels and inadequate teacher development. Theres even disagreement among educators on what immersion is. "Immersion can mean many things to different people in the field," said Elena Izquierdo, vice president of the District-based nonprofit National Association for ...
The theme for this special issue centres on experiences of face-to-face learning, often referred to as immersions - opportunities for development professionals to spend a period of time living with and learning from a poor family.. This issue is a timely reflection of an emerging trend in development practice, drawing together the richness of immersion experience. It explores both the limitations and potentials of immersions by:. • bringing together diverse experiences, identifying their challenges and opportunities, and exploring their impacts ...
Page 3: Immersion Corporation Reports Record Revenues in First Quarter 2013: Immersion Corporation (NASDAQ: IMMR), the leading developer and licensor of touch feedback technology, today reported financial results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2013. Total revenues for the first quarter of 2013 were $13.9 million, an increase of 43% compared to $9.7 million for the first quarter of 2012 and Immersions highest total ever for a quarter. Royalty and license revenues of $13.6 …
So, after some recent discussion, it would seem convenience is destroying immersion. So, I would suggest putting immersion back in the game. Just so we are clear, this is my personal opinion. I speak for no one other than myself, and do NOT believe this will ever be seen by Blizz since this is not their official forum. With that in mind, here are some conveniences which need to be removed in order to improve immersion and bring back the RPG feel to the game: 1. Hunters will now be asked to
So, after some recent discussion, it would seem convenience is destroying immersion. So, I would suggest putting immersion back in the game. Just so we are clear, this is my personal opinion. I speak for no one other than myself, and do NOT believe this will ever be seen by Blizz since this is not their official forum. With that in mind, here are some conveniences which need to be removed in order to improve immersion and bring back the RPG feel to the game: 1. Hunters will now be asked to
A new kind of ice bath is gaining popularity and its a cool way to achieve wellness.. I love the cold. Everything about it! Even in the depths of winter, I finish each shower with an ice cold rinse. Its energizing and clears the morning blues away quicker than anything Ive known……until I discovered Cryo Fitness Penrith in Western Sydney, which offers a unique kind of therapy call Whole Body Cryotherapy.. "Its a modern day alternative to cold water immersion, ice baths or ice packs" says owner Peter Watson. "It involves exposing the skin to extreme cold, dry (below -140 deg) for one to three minutes.. Liquid Nitrogen is safely used to achieve the sub zero temperatures, which deliver numerous health benefits. Exposing the skin to these extreme temperatures briefly, triggers the release of anti-inflammatory molecules, endorphins, increased oxygen in the blood and a release of toxins" Peter says.. "When I left the chamber my thoughts were clear and my mood euphoric". Cryotherapy treatments ...
My research fits within the discipline of exercise physiology and all my studies are carried out on humans. Currently, my main research is focused on the effect of different training interventions and pharmacological therapies on vascular and metabolic adaptations and exercise tolerance in type 2 diabetes, obesity and ageing. In addition, I am also interested on the effect of cold water immersion recovery interventions on subsequent exercise performance and on the postural effect (body tilt) on peripheral circulation, muscle activation and muscle endurance ...
I am introducing Jeffrey Dobkin who has suggested a technique to save the brain in the event of a heart attack especially if you dont know CPR. He bases his analysis on mimicking the mammalian diving reflex. He advocates placing a cold, wet towel approximately 10C /50F directly on the face and neck. In an…
This tutorial explores how immersion media serve to assist the objective in grabbing oblique light rays emanating from the specimen.
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Diagnosis: Clinical examination 1. Bacteriological examination: skin smears, nasal smears, nasal blows Bacteriological index: 0 no bacilli in 100 oil immersions 1+ 1-10 bacilli / 100 oil immersion fields 2+ 1-10 bacilli / 10 oil immersion fields 3+ 1-10 bacilli / oil immersion field 4+ 10-100 bacilli / every oil immersion field 5+ 100 - 1000 bacilli in every oil immersion field 6+ , 1000 bacilli in each oil immersion field ...
cold-water immersion generally produces a greater and longer lasting change in deep tissues and is more a more efficient means of cooling large groups of muscles simultaneously (vs. using ice packs). If youre contemplating taking an ice bath, I would highly recommend it! I woke up the next morning with minimal soreness and ready for another week of Ironman training. (Note: There is some controversy around taking ice baths, so please do your research before giving it a try.). Heres a quick guide of how I prepared my ice bath and the supplies I used.. ...
Ulike restitusjonsmetoder blir hyppig brukt for å akselere restitusjonsprosessen etter trening og kamp. En mye brukt metode er å eksponere kroppen for kulde, som i teorien skal gjøre at spillere restituerer hurtigere og kan prestere bedre. To populære metoder er kaldtvannsbad (cold-water immersion) og kuldekammer (whole-body cryotherapy), som blir benyttet i profesjonelle klubber. Derimot er det flere spørsmål knyttet til bruken av disse. I denne artikkelen vil jeg gå igjennom bakgrunnen for å benytte kuldeeksponering etter trening, hva forskning sier om effekten av disse og anbefaling for praktisk bruk innenfor fotball.. ...
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These stick-style immersion blenders from Dualit, Cuisinart, and KitchenAid use direct contact to mix soups and drinks right in their containment vessels. These stick blenders from Everything Kitchens make it easy to blend ingredients without first having to move them to a separate blending appliance. Stick Immersion mixers can be used for many things, such as blending mashed potatoes.
These stick-style immersion blenders from Dualit, Cuisinart, and KitchenAid use direct contact to mix soups and drinks right in their containment vessels. These stick blenders from Everything Kitchens make it easy to blend ingredients without first having to move them to a separate blending appliance. Stick Immersion mixers can be used for many things, such as blending mashed potatoes.
The McDonough School of Business received a $7.3 million donation to fund an expansion of undergraduate global immersion programs from Joseph Baratta (MSB 93) and Abigail Baratta (SFS 96), according to a campuswide email from University President John J. DeGioia on Nov. 22.. Part of the donation will be used to establish the Baratta Endowed Global Business Education Fund, which funds undergraduate opportunities to participate in experiential and immersive learning programs, including the Global Business Experience study abroad program.. The donation will also establish the Baratta endowed chair in global business, a position that will be held by Ricardo Ernst, director of the Global Business Initiative and professor of operations and global logistics in the MSB.. The funds from the donation will go toward paying for the expenses of participants in the MSBs global immersion programs and part of each recipients salary and expenses.. Baratta, the global head of private equity for Blackstone, ...
Detailed 12 layer PCB Immersion Gold printed circuit board HDI Board with 0.10mm Minimum Laser Drill2.minimum line width and spacing 5 capability 12 layer PCB Immersion Gold printed circuit board HDI Board with 0...
Tough-to-spray materials often require different ways of delivering material to the pump. Graco Direct Immersion Kits provide the flexibility you need to get the job done!. 55 Gallon Direct Immersion Kit. ...
Incongruous that the title of the page is "Immersion Repair" whereas the first sentence begins "This is a failure analysis". Was the machine ever booted again? Were any parts salvaged? Otherwise "Post-immersion Analysis" would be a better title? Seems that repair might be possible after a wetting or brief immersion. In such case I would want to dismantle completely and dry everything a.s.a.p. After reassembly, what will be the result? Which components are most susceptible to short circuit damage? There are no incidents to describe? No successful recoveries? If repair information can be added, the present title will become appropriate. Regards, ... Peasthope 18:31, 11 March 2016 (UTC) ...
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Student Leadership. Many students who have taken part in the Community Immersion Orientation Trip program often go on to become Orientation Trip leaders and help first-year students begin to navigate college life and the local community. Whether it is organizing service projects, leading discussions about important community issues, modeling endurance and patience in backbreaking work, or making first-years feel more comfortable by leading fun ice-breakers, these leaders devote four days to making new students feel at home once they arrive at Bowdoin.. For more information about Community Immersion Orientation Trips, including how to become a leader, please contact Matt Gee.. ...
French Immersion is a program designed to give English-speaking children an opportunity to become fluent in a second language. The student receives school instruction primarily in French in the early grades, while remaining part of the larger school environment, sharing recess, sports and extra-curricular activities with his or her English counterparts. Formal English instruction begins in grade 3. With technology, the world is getting smaller every day, and an immersion education will provide many opportunities for your child in the world of today and tomorrow. ...
"Immersion". Radio National. 10 February 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2017. "Parshat Korach". Shira.org. Retrieved 14 December ...
Immersion. Accessed 1 May 2016. Coordinates: 34°2′43.98″N 118°13′24.54″W / 34.0455500°N 118.2234833°W / 34.0455500; - ... Dolores Mission welcomes students for immersion experiences. "Proyecto Pastoral". www.proyectopastoral.org. Retrieved 2017-02- ...
"Formation postgrade :: FinTech Immersion". heg-fr.ch. Retrieved 2 April 2017. http://www.heg-fr.ch/EN/Education/Postgraduate- ...
"Immersion Program". Sierra Magazine. Sierra Club. November/December 2010 Finan, Eileen (28 February 2011). "Forest Kindergarten ... Cedarsong Nature School is an early education nature immersion program based on the German forest kindergarten model. The ...
A good reference range for plasma creatinine is between 0.07 - 0.12 mmol/L. Immersion diuresis is caused by immersion of the ... Partial immersion of only the limbs does not cause increased urination. Thus, the hand in warm water trick (immersing the hand ... Hunt NC (February 1967). "Immersion diuresis". Aerosp Med. 38 (2): 176-80. PMID 6040343. Nyquist PA, Schrot J, Thomas JR, Hyde ... Epstein M (June 1984). "Water immersion and the kidney: implications for volume regulation". Undersea Biomed Res. 11 (2): 113- ...
In 2012 TTO was attempting to raise money to found a Mohawk-language immersion primary school (similar to the one operated at ... "Primary Immersion , Tsi Tyonnheht Onkwawenna". Tto-kenhteke.org. Retrieved 2011-12-12. Rona Rustige (1998). Tyendinaga Tales. ...
California: iMMERSION. ISBN 0-9674890-1-6. Matheny, Joseph (2002). Ong's Hat: The Beginning. New York: Sky Books. ISBN 0- ...
In 2016, Jarrett was chosen to attend The Immersion, an invitation-only experience curated by Lululemon. Jarrett participated ... in the Immersion alongside Baron Baptiste and Gabrielle Bernstein. "Monthly subscription vitamin and supplement sample box , ...
"Total Immersion". Habitat4Music. Retrieved 11 February 2016. "Awards Made - April 2012" (Excel). Creative Scotland. Retrieved ... From 2012 - 2014 he has participated in Total Immersion Seminars with Joseph Swensen, in Vermont, USA, supported by the ...
... or total immersion) ; (2) immersion, when the head is dipped with or without the candidate standing in the water; (3) affusion ... While the practice was decried at the time, the intent of the criticism was not to encourage baptism by immersion, but to ... p. 23). "The four principal modes are: 1. Submersion; or total immersion, where the candidate goes briefly but entirely below ... Acts of various martyrs show that many were baptized in prison, while awaiting martyrdom; immersion would have been impossible ...
The school offers three basic programs and one more advanced program: Regular/English; French Immersion; French as a Second ...
Francis, TJR (1998). "Immersion hypothermia". South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society Journal. 28 (3). ISSN 0813-1988. OCLC ... Other factors predisposing to immersion hypothermia include dehydration, inadequate rewarming between repetitive dives, ... "Changes in manual dexterity following short-term hand and forearm immersion in 10 degrees C water". Aviat Space Environ Med. 74 ... a superficial cooling of tissues without cellular destruction Trench foot or immersion foot: a condition caused by repetitive ...
"ADLC French Immersion". French Immersion. Alberta Distance Learning Centre. February 23, 2015. Retrieved February 23, 2015. " ... Through a partnership with the Fédération des conseils francophones de l'Alberta, ADLC offers French Immersion programming for ...
"French Immersion". rci.rcdsb.on.ca. "High Skills Majors". rci.rcdsb.on.ca. "Special Education Services". rci.rcdsb.on.ca. " ...
Laughlin, Terry (1996). Total Immersion. Fireside, New York. Swimming Anatomy, Publisher: Human Kinetics, Year: 2010, ISBN ... Panic occurs when an inexperienced swimmer or non swimmer becomes mentally overwhelmed by the circumstances of their immersion ... of swimmers List of water sports Mixed bathing Resistance swimming Stunt swimming Swimhiking Swimming machine Total Immersion ...
"Uprooting Racism Immersion". Soul Fire Farm. Retrieved 25 April 2017. "Youth Program". Soul Fire Farm. Retrieved 25 April 2017 ... ". "Black and Latinx Farmers Immersion". Soul Fire Farm. Retrieved 24 April 2017. " ...
An open immersion. A quasi-compact immersion. A closed immersion. Affine. Quasi-affine. Finite. Quasi-finite. Integral. It is ... possible for f′ to be a local isomorphism without f being even a local immersion. If f is quasi-compact and L is an invertible ...
Immersion Lens space. A lens space is a quotient of the 3-sphere (or (2n + 1)-sphere) by a free isometric action of Zk. ...
"Professional Immersion Program". "A Hamlet of One's Own" (PDF). American Theater Magazine. Nov 2006. "The Marquez Factor". ... "The Professional Immersion Program (PIP) is Cal Shakes' stipended, professional training program for young artistic leaders, ...
Wrinkling is often scored with immersion of the hands for 30 minutes in water or EMLA cream with measurements steps of 5 ... Not all healthy persons have finger wrinkling after immersion, so it would be safe to say that sympathetic function is ... Dr Karl's Homework - Skin Wrinkles in Water (26/1/2000) Einar P.V. Wilder-Smith; Adeline Chow (2003). "Water-immersion ... G Alvarez, J Eurolo; P Canales; (1980). "Finger wrinkling after immersion in water". British Medical Journal. 281 (6240): 586- ...
FIM = Free Immersion. Diving as deep as possible by pulling down and up the rope. Underwater diving portal Kassam, Ashifa; ...
Extreme immersion techniques. Multiple and diverse efforts to reach adults. Flexibility and coordination in planning and ... He claims that the immersion method cannot be used to revitalize an extinct or moribund language. In contrast, the master- ...
... is a immersion school working to revive the Secwepemc language. It is located on the Adams Lake reserve near ... "Immersion Conference Schedule". CARLA Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition. Retrieved 2012-09-12. Chief Atahm ...
Immersion pulmonary oedema. SPUMS J 32, 200-204, 2002 MITCHELL SJ. Salt water aspiration syndrome. SPUMS J 32, 205-206, 2002 ...
"French Immersion Certificate". French Second Language Program Services - Province of Nova Scotia. Retrieved 11 February 2010 ... Pat's, Citadel offers French immersion courses in many subjects, and through meeting certain credit requirements students may ... obtain the official provincial French Immersion Certificate at graduation. Uniquely the school also promotes Nova Scotian ...
... full body hydrotherapy immersion tanks starting at $10000.00 - 20000.00 for 260 gallon full body hydrotherapy immersion tank. ... FULL BODY HYDROTHERAPY IMMERSION TANKS. Home » Medical Supplies & Equipment » Full Body Hydrotherapy Immersion Tanks ... 260 Gallon Full Body Hydrotherapy Immersion Tank. Item# S062FWHM. Retail Price: $19,621.14. Your Price: $18,194.50 ...
An example of a use for peat therapy would be immersion of feet in a warm peat solution to treat a sore Achilles tendon. ... Baths, including sitz, full immersion, local, vapor baths, foot baths, and sweating baths are used. Compresses are another type ...
French Immersion is K-8 with continuity for 9-12 as Partial Immersion at Central High school.. During Kindergarten and first ... The Spanish Full Immersion Program will be K-5 beginning with Kindergarten and expanding by one grade every year through grade ... The goal for this program is to immerse students in the language using the one-way immersion model of instruction. ...
This course explores what it means to be an informed, participating citizen in a democratic society. Students will learn about the elements of democracy in local, national and global contexts, about political reactions to social change, and about political decision-making processes in Canada. They will explore their own and others ideas about civics questions and learn how to think critically about public issues and react responsibly to them. This course uses a unique approach to learning civics by having students participate in a simulation called The Civic Mirror. It brings real world scenarios into the classroom and teachers students the importance of government, how to work with one another, manage money, and think critically. ...
Immersion" alt="Wordle: French Immersion" style="padding:4px;border:1px solid #ddd",,/a,. ... a href="http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/5316461/French_Immersion" title="Wordle: French Immersion",,img src="http://www.wordle. ...
Videos and Pictures for tele-immersion can be downloaded from these pages. The material here should be used with the prior ...
... Each year, a small group of high-performing employees spend 9 to 12 months focused on project work with our ... With BCGs Social Impact Immersion program, you have access to the firms resources and top talent to create major impact ... these are the types of great experiences I would never have had without participating in the Social Impact Immersion Program. ...
... The WKU Chinese Language Flagship Program and the WKU Office of Study Abroad and Global Learning must ...
LEAD: TRYING to learn French by taking one class a week is like trying to crawl to California from New York; its possible, but chances are youll probably give up midway. At least that was the conclusion I came to last winter after struggling for months at the French Institute/Alliance Francaise in New York.
Corso: PostgreSQL full immersion. Date: 2017-11-20 - 2017-11-24. Location: Milano - Prato - Roma, Milano - Prato - Roma, Italy ...
Immersion foot, a painful disorder of the foot involving damage to the skin, nerves, and muscle that is caused by prolonged ... exposure to cold dampness or by prolonged immersion in cold water. See ... Immersion foot, , also called Trench Foot, a painful disorder of the foot involving damage to the skin, nerves, and muscle that ... is caused by prolonged exposure to cold dampness or by prolonged immersion in cold water. See frostbite. ...
Explore human-centered design projects with a variety of co-curricular campus organizations, such as the Office of Active Citizenship and Service (OACS). With a focus on solving challenges in Nashville or on campus, this is the perfect opportunity for undergraduate students wishing to experience human-centered design without adding to their course schedules.. ...
Silver Immersion Finish , , , Brad, , , No I havent tried any OSPs. We have been using Gold , Immersion and HASL only. , Any ... Re: [PEDA] Silver Immersion Finish Brad Velander Wed, 11 Jul 2001 08:57:03 -0700 ... It is a direct competitive system to the silver immersion processes. You can check them out at: http://www.floridacirtech.com/ ...
Corso: PostgreSQL full immersion. Date: 2017-05-08 - 2017-05-12. Location: Milano - Prato - Roma, Milano - Prato - Roma, Italy ...
Cold water immersion creates a specific condition known as immersion hypothermia. It develops much more quickly than standard ... Cold water immersion creates a specific condition known as immersion hypothermia. It develops much more quickly than standard ... immersion suit, dry suit), and having a means of both signaling rescuers (strobe lights, personal locator beacon, whistles, ...
Whats the best way to clean my copper immersion chiller? I usually boil it and air dry it, then store it in a plastic bag. I ... Whats the best way to clean my copper immersion chiller? I usually boil it and air dry it, then store it in a plastic bag. I ... I started using a counterfow, so now put the old immersion in a bucket of ice water to chill the incoming hose water before it ...
... by Rachel Baye , May 16, 2013, 12:00 AM. Share on Twitter Share on Facebook ... DC Public Schools also offers Spanish immersion programs at eight schools. However, the school system has not been part of the ... Families of students in immersion programs at Washington Yu Ying, Elsie Whitlow Stokes Community Freedom, DC Bilingual, Latin ... is the creation of five public charter elementary schools with language immersion programs in Spanish, French and Chinese. The ...
The Art of Immersion: A New Business Model. This text (The Art of Immersion) has many insightful thoughts on the changing ... events Final Project flow Frank Rose Future Cinema Future Cinema 2 future screening assignement games gps Immersion Immersive ...
Hansen Protections SeaWind is the first survival suit to be approved for helicopter transport, shipping, and work use. To achieve helicopter-transport approval, the company has had to fit the suit with a lining, and it has to be worn with a SeaLion Europe lifejacket. The SeaAir Emergency Breathing System is integrated in the SeaLion Europe lifejacket. This system makes it possible to start breathing under water. In addition, the suit is equipped with a floating buddy line hook, which is a feature unique to Hansen Protection. SeaWind, made from highly breathable Gore-Tex, is designed for optimal ergonomics and meets the needs of workers so they can move freely without restrictions around their knees or seat, with soft neoprene cuffs at the neck and wrists. The suit weighs less than 2 kg. SeaWind is a dry suit. Waterproof zips under the arms provide ventilation for active workers. In addition, both the hood and gloves can be placed in convenient pockets when working.. For additional information, ...
Reviews for Immersion. ForksPixie chapter 1 . 7/28/2011 Ahhhhhh... refreshing. Very well written & such a lovely read. Thank ...
Donate , Wiki , Forums , Bug Tracker , Blog , Twitter , Use beta site Brought to you by MetaBrainz Foundation and our sponsors and supporters. Cover Art provided by the Cover Art Archive. ...
... Organized by the McKeen Center, Community Immersion Orientation Trips are intensive four ... Many students who have taken part in the Community Immersion Orientation Trip program often go on to become Orientation Trip ... Past projects during Community Immersion trips have included:. *Harvesting produce grown by immigrant and refugee farmers as ... For more information about Community Immersion Orientation Trips, including how to become a leader, please contact Matt Gee. ...
This past summer, Truex and 10 other Princeton undergraduates spent nine weeks running an English immersion course for 150 ... After the course, Truex said he was "sold on the idea" of language immersion programs. He revisited China in the summer of 2005 ... Senior Rory Truex (left) started an English immersion program in China last summer along with 10 other Princeton undergraduates ... This past summer, Truex and 10 other Princeton undergraduates spent nine weeks running an English immersion course for 150 ...
The OIR can partner with student organizations that align with Immersion Vanderbilt. Follow the links below to explore the ... Organization Partners A network of cross-campus resources and collaborations is here to support you through your Immersion ... student organizations that can play a role in Immersion experiences. ... A network of cross-campus resources and collaborations is here to support you through your Immersion experience. The OIR can ...
Join us for a mission immersion trip to learn more about the people and church in El Salvador and explore how we are linked to ... Register now for the 2017 El Salvador Immersion. Join us in September for a mission immersion trip to learn more about the ... See how immersion trips can impact us by following this link to our missionary blog. ... 2017-09-07T13:00:00-0400 2017-09-13T13:00:00-0400 2017 DMP El Salvador Immersion http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register ...
  • In addition, workshops will be offered in MAT 56 for students who are close to passing the course but fail it and have a recommendation from their Fall 2017 professor to repeat the course in the winter immersion program. (cuny.edu)
  • This is the immersion blender to buy, experts and owners agree, if you just need a solid, basic hand blender and don't need a lot of bells and whistles or extra accessories. (consumersearch.com)
  • Make quick work of countless food-prep tasks with All-Clad's high-performance immersion blender, which offers superior versatility and unsurpassed efficiency. (williams-sonoma.com)
  • And the blood was seeping from my left index and middle fingers, which seconds earlier had been trying, with some absence of mind, to pry stiff clumps of butter intended for chocolate-chip cookies from the blades of an immersion blender . (nytimes.com)
  • Months after the surgical tape and splint came off, I typed the words "immersion blender" into Google - tentatively, as there is still some numbness - and learned of the device's invention in the 1950s by a Swiss man, Roger Perrinjaquet, who called it a Bamix , combining the French verbs "battre," meaning to beat, and "mixer. (nytimes.com)
  • Sold by most leading cookware manufacturers, including Cuisinart, KitchenAid and Hamilton Beach, the immersion blender sells for about $50 to $200 and enables the quick whipping-up of soups, sauces and other soft foods directly in the pan or serving bowl. (nytimes.com)
  • Not to Brendan Fitzgerald, 30, a screenwriter whose run-in with an immersion blender last summer led his girlfriend, the novelist Kate Christensen, to post a recipe for a concoction she called Blood Pesto on her blog. (nytimes.com)
  • With a mezzaluna, not an immersion blender, chop several large handfuls of fresh basil as finely as you can," it begins, tellingly. (nytimes.com)
  • describing how his "horrible, guttural scream" was followed by seven stitches to his left middle finger after he attempted to untangle basil leaves from a plugged-in immersion blender. (nytimes.com)
  • The immersion blender, he pointed out after my accident, is better suited for frothing cocktails than heavy-duty baking tasks. (nytimes.com)
  • The powerful Krups Immersion Blender lets you chop, puree, blend, and whisk with ease. (westelm.com)
  • All-Clad Stainless Steel Immersion Hand Blender features large blending head to reduce splatter while in use. (americanexpress.com)
  • The Breville Control Grip immersion blender has a redesigned blade system to address these problems: a bell-shaped base and internal ribbing break suction for greater control and efficient blending. (amazon.com)
  • Before your immersion, you will be provided with tips compiled by previous classes to use as a guide during your housing search. (sc.edu)
  • Technavio Announces the Publication of its Research Report Global Data Center Liquid Immersion Cooling Market 2016-2020 Technavio recognizes the following companies as the key players in the global data center liquid immersion cooling market: Allied Control, Asetek, CoolIT Systems, Green Revolution Cooling, Iceotope, LiquidCool Solutions, and Midas Green Technologies. (issuu.com)
  • Technavio' s analysts forecast the global data center liquid immersion cooling market to grow at a CAGR of 54.23% during the period 2016-2020. (issuu.com)
  • Covered in this report The report covers the present scenario and the growth prospects of the global data center liquid immersion cooling market for 2016-2020. (issuu.com)
  • EMEA Technavio's report, Global Data Center Liquid Immersion Cooling Market 2016-2020, has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs from industry experts. (issuu.com)
  • Immersion foot , , also called Trench Foot , a painful disorder of the foot involving damage to the skin, nerves, and muscle that is caused by prolonged exposure to cold dampness or by prolonged immersion in cold water. (britannica.com)
  • This past summer, Truex and 10 other Princeton undergraduates spent nine weeks running an English immersion course for 150 college students in Jishou, China. (princeton.edu)
  • At first, the Chinese immersion students at Potomac were "a school within a school," sticking together from kindergarten through fifth grade. (pinyin.info)
  • The students, who used to have two periods in Chinese, now have one, including an "immersion class" in the sixth grade. (pinyin.info)
  • Watch videos and listen to students talk about their individual Clinical Immersion Co-op experiences. (drexel.edu)
  • Mentoring Drexel engineering students during clinical immersion in the hospital was a pleasure, enlightening, and enlivening. (drexel.edu)
  • In the School District of the City of York, Spanish Immersion classes are bright pockets where collaboration between teachers, families, administration, and children is working to equip both English and non-English speaking students to be successful and learn from each other. (witf.org)
  • All International MBA students enroll in the Globalization and the International Context of Business course during the international immersion. (sc.edu)
  • However, the number of data centers in developing countries has increased considerably, which is fueling the adoption of liquid immersion cooling solutions. (issuu.com)
  • However, the liquid immersion cooling solution is hugely adopted by scientific data centers, where computing requirement is usually more than twice of a larger data center environment. (issuu.com)
  • Get discount: https://marketreportscenter.com/request-discount/470024 About Data Center Liquid Immersion Cooling Cooling solutions are used in data centers to remove heat generated by the IT equipment. (issuu.com)
  • Organized by the McKeen Center , Community Immersion Orientation Trips are intensive four-day experiences of hands-on work confronting the social, economic, and environmental issues facing Maine communities. (bowdoin.edu)
  • In your second year, you'll experience an intensive, in-country immersion to increase your fluency and refine your conversational abilities in business and social conversation. (sc.edu)
  • Not only do host families improve the Spanish immersion experience by leaps and bounds, but they also ensure that teens feel comfortable and included. (enforex.com)
  • A network of cross-campus resources and collaborations is here to support you through your Immersion experience. (vanderbilt.edu)
  • The nature of the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience is investigated, focusing primarily on the literature related to flow. (hindawi.com)
  • In particular, this paper proposes that immersion and gameplay experience are conceptually different, but empirically positively related through mechanisms related to flow. (hindawi.com)
  • Regression analyses including tests for moderation and simple slope analysis are used to reveal gamers' age, experience, and understanding of the game, which moderate the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience. (hindawi.com)
  • The results suggest that immersion is more positive for gameplay experience when the gamer lacks experience and understanding of the game as well as when the gamer is relatively older. (hindawi.com)
  • Research on gaming has examined the assumption of a strong relationship between immersion and gameplay experience, such that immersion is intertwined with gameplay experience-either by conceptual overlap or through a strong, positive, and linear relationship. (hindawi.com)
  • Consequently, studies have been conducted on the antecedents of immersion in an attempt to more fully understand how to influence consumers of games (i.e., gamers) so that they experience both immersion and subsequent gameplay experience. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, the experience of immersion-which can be benefitted or harmed by game characteristics-has been deemed critical to game enjoyment. (hindawi.com)
  • Yet little evidence supports such a strong relationship between immersion and gameplay experience. (hindawi.com)
  • Therefore, the current study aims to investigate the nature of the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience as well as investigate contingencies influencing the relationship between immersion and gameplay experience. (hindawi.com)
  • From Oct. 26-31, the hotel is offering a one-of-a-kind Halloween experience that will deliver full immersion into the spirit of All Hallows' Eve. (prweb.com)
  • Join us as we proudly present another full Jivamukti Immersion™ experience in conjunction with Jivamukti Yoga NYC, hosted by one of the UK's leading Jiva teachers Emma Henry and our own favourite, Advanced Jivamukti teacher Andrea K.. Last years event was a complete roadblock so book your space early! (jivamuktiyoga.com)
  • The Jivamukti Immersion™ experience is an opportunity to immerse yourself in the deeper teachings of the Jivamukti Yoga method. (jivamuktiyoga.com)
  • DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION has geared up for peaceful commencement of immersion of Durga idols on Monday. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Immersion caregiving means engaging wholly and deeply to help another person achieve fullness of life and in the end, a brilliant, peaceful and dignified departure. (asaging.org)
  • Current immersion lithography tools use highly purified water for this liquid, achieving feature sizes below 45 nanometers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Immersion helps participants better understand how clinicians, who must exercise sound, independent, ethical judgment, work together with clinical ethicists and members of their ethics committee to continually improve the care of their hospitalized patients. (bioethics.net)
  • For the same-name concept in differential geometry, see immersion (mathematics). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is the ultimate in immersion possibilties for high schoolers: actually living the day-to-day lifestyle of a Spanish teenager! (enforex.com)
  • The present invention relates to lenses, and, more particularly, to a collimating compound catoptric immersion lens designed for use as an opto-switch, reflective object sensor, optocoupler or optoisolator. (google.com)
  • It is, therefore, a prime object of the present invention to provide a collimating compound catoptric immersion lens. (google.com)
  • It is another object of the present invention to provide a collimating compound catoptric immersion lens which includes a central section with a truncated elliptical curvature. (google.com)
  • It is another object of the present invention to provide a collimating compound catoptric immersion lens which includes a peripheral section having an inner refracting surface and an outer reflecting surface. (google.com)
  • It is another object of the present invention to provide a collimating compound catoptric immersion lens for use with an immersed emitter such as an LED. (google.com)
  • Immersion blenders -- also known as hand or stick blenders -- can save you a lot of time, hassle and cleanup in the kitchen. (consumersearch.com)
  • Intel's 32 nm process uses second-generation high-k, metal gate technology, but this will be the first time Intel has deployed immersion lithography. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early studies focused on the elimination of bubbles in the immersion fluid, temperature and pressure variations in the immersion fluid, and immersion fluid absorption by the photoresist. (wikipedia.org)