The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.
A group of symptoms that are two- to three-fold more common in those who work in large, energy-efficient buildings, associated with an increased frequency of headaches, lethargy, and dry skin. Clinical manifestations include hypersensitivity pneumonitis (ALVEOLITIS, EXTRINSIC ALLERGIC); allergic rhinitis (RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, PERENNIAL); ASTHMA; infections, skin eruptions, and mucous membrane irritation syndromes. Current usage tends to be less restrictive with regard to the type of building and delineation of complaints. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A list of works, documents, and other publications on medical subjects and topics of interest to the field of medicine.
This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Stereotyped patterns of response, characteristic of a given species, that have been phylogenetically adapted to a specific type of situation.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
A self-governing state of the Windward Islands in the West Indies, comprising Saint Vincent and the northern islets of the Grenadines. Its capital is Kingstown. It is one of the original homes of the Carib Indians supposed to have been sighted by Columbus in 1498. It was in English hands from 1627 till held by the French 1779-83. Saint Vincent subsequently became a British possession and, with other nearby British territories, was administered by the Governor of the Windward Islands till 1959. It attained a measure of independence in 1969 but achieved full independence as Saint Vincent and the Grenadines in 1979. Saint Vincent was the 4th century Spanish martyr on whose feast day Columbus discovered the island. Grenadines is derived from the Spanish kingdom of Granada. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1054 & The Europa World Year Book 1993, p2441)
A benign familial disorder, transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait. It is characterized by low-grade chronic hyperbilirubinemia with considerable daily fluctuations of the bilirubin level.
A gram-negative, rod-shaped to coccoid bacterium. It is the etiologic agent of SCRUB TYPHUS in humans and is transmitted by mites from rodent reservoirs.
An acute infectious disease caused by ORIENTIA TSUTSUGAMUSHI. It is limited to eastern and southeastern Asia, India, northern Australia, and the adjacent islands. Characteristics include the formation of a primary cutaneous lesion at the site of the bite of an infected mite, fever lasting about two weeks, and a maculopapular rash.
A syndrome characterized by HYPERPIGMENTATION, enlarging pituitary mass, visual defects secondary to compression of the OPTIC CHIASM, and elevated serum ACTH. It is caused by the expansion of an underlying ACTH-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA that grows in the absence of feedback inhibition by adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS, usually after ADRENALECTOMY.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
The study of the structure, growth, activities, and functions of NEURONS and the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.

Teaching coin summation to the mentally retarded. (1/508)

A procedure to teach four mild and moderately retarded persons to sum the value of coin combinations was tested. Subjects were first taught to count a single target coin, and then to sum that coin in combination with coins previously trained. Five American coins and various combinations were trained. Modelling, modelling with subject participation, and independent counting by the subject constituted the training sequence. The subjects improved from a mean pretest score of 29% to 92% correct at posttest. A four-week followup score showed a mean of 79% correct. A multiple-baseline design suggested that improvement in coin-counting performance occurred only after the coin was trained. The results indicate that this procedure has potential for teaching the retarded to sum combinations of coinds in 5 to 6 hr of instruction.  (+info)

Origins of theory of mind, cognition and communication. (2/508)

There has been a revolution in our understanding of infant and toddler cognition that promises to have far-reaching implications for our understanding of communicative and linguistic development. Four empirical findings that helped to prompt this change in theory are analyzed: (a) Intermodal coordination--newborns operate with multimodal information, recognizing equivalences in information across sensory-modalities; (b) Imitation--newborns imitate the lip and tongue movements they see others perform; (c) Memory--young infants form long-lasting representations of perceived events and use these memories to generate motor productions after lengthy delays in novel contexts; (d) Theory of mind--by 18 months of age toddlers have adopted a theory of mind, reading below surface behavior to the goals and intentions in people's actions. This paper examines three views currently being offered in the literature to replace the classical framework of early cognitive development: modularity-nativism, connectionism, and theory-theory. Arguments are marshaled to support the "theory-theory" view. This view emphasizes a combination of innate structure and qualitative reorganization in children's thought based on input from the people and things in their culture. It is suggested that preverbal cognition forms a substrate for language acquisition and that analyzing cognition may enhance our understanding of certain disorders of communication.  (+info)

The effects of learning and intention on the neural network involved in the perception of meaningless actions. (3/508)

PET was used to explore the neural network involved in the perception of meaningless action. In two conditions, subjects observed learned and unknown meaningless actions without any purpose. In two other conditions, subjects observed the same type of stimuli for later imitation. The control condition, which consisted of the presention of stationary hands, served as a baseline. Unsurprisingly, a common network that forms part of the dorsal pathway was engaged in all conditions when compared with stationary hands, and this was interpreted as being devoted to the analysis of hand movements. One of the most striking results of the present study was that some brain areas were strongly modulated by the learning level, independent of the subject's intention. Two different effects were observed: a reduced activity in posterior regions within the common network, which correlated with specific increases in the frontopolar area 10 and in the angular gyrus during the perception of learned meaningless actions compared with the perception of unknown actions. Finally, the major effect of the subject's intention to imitate was a strong increase in the dorsal pathway extending to the lateral premotor cortex and to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which reflects the information processing needed for prospective action. Overall, our results provide evidence for both an effect of the visuomotor learning level and of the subject's intention on the neural network involved during the perception of human meaningless actions.  (+info)

Cortical mechanisms of human imitation. (4/508)

How does imitation occur? How can the motor plans necessary for imitating an action derive from the observation of that action? Imitation may be based on a mechanism directly matching the observed action onto an internal motor representation of that action ("direct matching hypothesis"). To test this hypothesis, normal human participants were asked to observe and imitate a finger movement and to perform the same movement after spatial or symbolic cues. Brain activity was measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging. If the direct matching hypothesis is correct, there should be areas that become active during finger movement, regardless of how it is evoked, and their activation should increase when the same movement is elicited by the observation of an identical movement made by another individual. Two areas with these properties were found in the left inferior frontal cortex (opercular region) and the rostral-most region of the right superior parietal lobule.  (+info)

Behavioral methods used in the study of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid nutrition in primate infants. (5/508)

Domains of behavior may be broadly categorized as sensory, motor, motivational and arousal, cognitive, and social. Differences in these domains occur because of changes in brain structure and function. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6-23) and arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4-26) are major structural components of the brain that decrease when diets deficient in the essential fatty acids (EFA) alpha-linolenic acid and linoleic acid are consumed. Early electrophysiologic and behavioral studies in EFA-deficient rodents showed behavioral effects attributable to lower-than-normal accumulation of DHA and AA in the brain. More recently, electrophysiologic and behavioral studies in EFA-deficient primate infants and analogous studies in human infants have been conducted. The human infants were fed formulas that could result in lower-than-optimal accumulation of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in the brain during critical periods of development. This article describes the behavioral methods that have been used to study primate infants. These methods may be unfamiliar to many physicians and nutritionists who wish to read and interpret the human studies. The behavioral outcomes that have been evaluated in LCPUFA studies represent only a fraction of those available in the behavioral sciences. Specific developmental domains have been studied less often than global development, even though studies of nonhuman primates deficient in EFAs suggest that the former provide more information that could help target the underlying mechanisms of action of LCPUFAs in the brain.  (+info)

Forced hyperphasia and environmental dependency syndrome. (6/508)

A distinctive, language related fragment of the environmental dependency syndrome is described: compulsive, involuntary, environmentally dependent speaking. Because this syndrome represents the observe of aphasia, it is named forced hyperphasia. An 84 year old woman with acute left frontal infarction was admitted to hospital with gait disturbance, forced grasp reflex, and striking imitation behaviour. After 2 weeks her imitation behaviour disappeared, but an equally striking new behaviour emerged. In the presence of others she would call out the names of objects in the room, and also call out the actions and gestures of people in the room, even though she was not asked to do so, and even though she was asked to stop. For example, if the doctor scratched his nose, she said, "The doctor is scratching his nose." Brain CT, MRI, and SPECT showed cerebral atrophy and a left superior frontal subcortical infarct. It is suggested that "forced hyperphasia" is a clinical fragment of the environmental dependency syndrome and that her compulsive, impulsive, involuntary release of spoken language resulted from the release of frontal inhibition of the complex reflex linking environmental cues to the set of motor, limbic, spatial, and linguistic associations underlying spoken language.  (+info)

Women and smoking in Hollywood movies: a content analysis. (7/508)

OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the portrayal of smoking in Hollywood films starring 10 popular actressess. METHODS: Five movies were randomly sampled for each actress, for a total of 96 hours of film footage that was analyzed in 1116 5-minute intervals. RESULTS: Leading female actors were as likely to smoke in movies aimed at juvenile audiences (PG/PG-13) as in R-rated movies, whereas male actors were 2.5 times more likely to smoke in R-rated movies. PG/PG-13-rated movies were less likely than R-rated movies to contain negative messages about smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Smoking is highly prevalent in Hollywood films featuring popular actressess and may influence young audiences for whom movie stars serve as role models.  (+info)

Whistle matching in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) (8/508)

Dolphin communication is suspected to be complex, on the basis of their call repertoires, cognitive abilities, and ability to modify signals through vocal learning. Because of the difficulties involved in observing and recording individual cetaceans, very little is known about how they use their calls. This report shows that wild, unrestrained bottlenose dolphins use their learned whistles in matching interactions, in which an individual responds to a whistle of a conspecific by emitting the same whistle type. Vocal matching occurred over distances of up to 580 meters and is indicative of animals addressing each other individually.  (+info)

Since the discovery of the human mirror neuron system [1], the study of automatic imitation became a focus of interest. This interest originates from the finding that the same neurons fire when an animal executes an action as when it observes the same action being performed by another. These motor neurons were suggested to play a central role in a range of human behaviours, including language acquisition, social learning and understanding others. This neural mechanism has also been suggested to play a critical role in imitation, the effect in which one duplicates anothers action after observing it. This definition suggests that the imitative behaviours do not require conscious control. Although automatic imitation and imitation learning were speculated to be the driving force behind the great leap forward in human evolution [2], there is only limited behavioural research investigating the automaticity of human imitative behaviours. One recent attempt was conducted by Cook et al. [3], who ...
The associative sequence learning model proposes that the development of the mirror system depends on the same mechanisms of associative learning that mediate Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning. To test this model, two experiments used the reduction of automatic imitation through incompatible sensorimotor training to assess whether mirror system plasticity is sensitive to contingency (i.e., the extent to which activation of one representation predicts activation of another). In Experiment 1, residual automatic imitation was measured following incompatible training in which the action stimulus was a perfect predictor of the response (contingent) or not at all predictive of the response (noncontingent). A contingency effect was observed: There was less automatic imitation indicative of more learning in the contingent group. Experiment 2 replicated this contingency effect and showed that, as predicted by associative learning theory, it can be abolished by signaling trials in which the response occurs
Cultural variation can be seen by the extent of information learned or absorbed by children in non-Western cultures through learning by observation. Cultural variation is not restricted only to ethnicity and nationality, but rather, extends to the specific practices within communities. In learning by observation, children use observation to learn without verbal requests for further information, or without direct instruction. For example, children from Mexican heritage families tend to learn and make better use of information observed during classroom demonstration than children of European heritage.[27][28] Children of European heritage experience the type of learning that separates them from their family and community activities. They instead participate in lessons and other exercises in special settings such as school.[29] Cultural backgrounds differ from each other in which children display certain characteristics in regards to learning an activity. Another example is seen in the immersion of ...
A large number of studies have demonstrated impaired performance on a range of imitation tasks among individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). The theory which suggests that these impairments are caused by a mirror system deficit has become increasingly prominent. Under this view, the capacity to match observed with executed actions or to mirror is impaired in individuals with ASD. This study investigated the extent to which any impaired performance on imitation tasks is due to a functional mirroring deficit by comparing the performance of adults with ASD on imitative and non-imitative versions of the pen-and-cups task. Participants in this task are required to observe transitive actions and to imitate them as fast as possible. Experiment 1 revealed impaired performance by high functioning adults with ASD on the imitative version of the task compared to IQ matched controls. The same participants then completed two non-imitative versions of the task in Experiment 2. The geometric version of
Language is a skilled activity. In the development and acquisition of the skill, imitation may play different roles. Imitation in language may be related to and throw light on the role and functioning of imitation in other areas including imitation in robotics. What part does imitation play in the childs acquisition of its mother language? What role did imitation play in the evolutionary origin and diversification of language? How much has imitation to do with the sources of the words we use and the ways those words are put together? These questions can be considered at different levels, the surface forms of language and speech, the underlying systematicies of language and speech, the problem of speech at the articulatory level and beyond or beneath that the problem of the functioning of imitation at the neural level. Imitation of any kind involves a relation between motor and perceptual functioning, between the motor system of the brain and the visual and other sensory systems. Language and ...
Studying imitation is a useful way to measure the memory of babies before they are old enough to talk. Once children can talk, they can just tell us what they remember! Imitation is called deferred imitation when there is a delay between the time a model demonstrates a behavior and when the child has an opportunity to imitate the action. This delay can range from minutes to months. During the delay, children do not have the opportunity to play with the objects that the model used to demonstrate the new behaviors.. Childrens ability to imitate actions increases with age. The graph shows that as children get older, they can remember a simple one-step action for much longer periods of time. For example, one research study found that 9-month-olds show deferred imitation of a simple action, such as pushing a button to make a sound, after 24 hours. They can watch a model perform an action on an object one day, store it in their memory, then recall and perform the same action 24 hours later. Another ...
Palladium Z1 enterprise emulation platform delivers up to 5x greater emulation throughput, with average 2.5x greater workload efficiency than competing products
Some researchers have studied the links between how we learn to communicate as infants and how this might relate to communication with people with advanced dementia.. A famous study by Meltzoff & Moore (1983) showed that even newborn babies readily respond to human faces and can copy simple facial movements made by others, such as sticking out the tongue. These imitative behaviours suggest that babies are born ready and willing to interact with others.. Parents also imitate their babies and naturally repeat and reinforce the facial expressions, sounds and movements they make. This imitation forms the basis of early interactions between babies and parents and provides the foundation for future communication (Tomasello 1992). This sort of shared behaviour between parents and infants happens quite naturally and is not self-conscious. It helps infants to develop their communication skills and to improve them with further support and encouragement (Vygotsky 1978). By acting as if they understand ...
Downloadable! An endogenous growth model is developed demonstrating both static and dynamic gains from trade for developing nations due to the beneficial effects of trade on imitation and technological diffusion. The concept of learning-to-learn in both imitative and innovative processes is incorporated into a quality-ladder model with North-South trade. Domestic technological progress occurs via innovation or imitation, while growth is driven by technological advances in the quality of domestically available inputs, regardless of country of origin. In the absence of trade, Southern imitation of Northern technology leads to asymptotic conditional convergence between the two countries, demonstrating the positive effect of imitation on Southern growth. Free trade generally results in a positive feedback effect between Southern imitation and Northern innovation yielding a higher common steady-state growth rate. Immediate conditional convergence occurs. Thus, trade in this model confers dynamic as well as
According to a new study, dogs automatically imitate the body movements of their owners. This automatic imitation is a crucial part of social learning in humans. Austrian researchers found that the phenomenon of body movement causing the observer to move in the same way is evident in many other animals.. The researchers say that it reveals clues about how this type of learning evolved. The study also suggests that the way in which people interact with and play with their dogs as they are growing up shapes their ability to imitate.. Its not a spontaneous thing, Dr Friederike Range, from the University of Vienna in Austria, told BBC News. The dogs needed a lot of training to learn it.. The researchers investigated this imitation with a series of trials using a door-opening test. The team built a box with a sliding door on the front that could be opened by using a knob. The owners demonstrated how to open the door by using their mouth. When the owners used the hand, the dog had to open the ...
One of the coolest tricks in N64 emulation is re-texturing. With this technique, the original graphics of the game are taken out, redone using high resolution textures or a different graphic style (such as Cell Shading), and then reinserted for playback on the PC. These texture packs consist of zipped files that you download and use in combination with a copy of the original game ROM and specific emulators. (See this guide for a detailed example). The only disadvantage to this technique is that there is a lot of time and effort that goes into these texture packs. Dedicated members of the N64 emulation community pour their creativity and skill into these creations and is is no small task to adequately take care of one game, let alone the entire N64 library. Because of this, not every N64 game is going to have high-resolution texture packs available. Although, you are free to join in on the initiative yourself.. Below are some of my favorite examples of texture packs (click to enlarge screens), ...
Being imbued with Uncle Hos thought on patriotic emulation, over the past years, the Naval Service has stepped up the Determined to win emulation movement, successfully fulfilling every assigned task, firmly defending national sacred sovereignty over seas, islands and continental shelf, deserving the confidence of the Party, the State and the people
One of the most highly anticipated user-facing features in Android 4.4 KitKat is NFC Host Card Emulation. What makes this important is that up until very recently, only devices with NFC Secure Element hardware could access the tap-to-pay functionality in Google Wallet. Host Card Emulation lifts this requirement by emulating the ISO/IEC 7816-based smart cards that use the contactless ISO/IEC 14443-4 (ISO-DEP) protocol for transmission. This allows any device running Android 4.4 KitKat (with a US SIM card) to use Google Wallets tap-to-pay feature.. Now, were seeing the first fruits of KitKats software additions. Previously seen only on the Nexus 5, the new Google Wallet allows any KitKat user with NFC hardware (and a US SIM card) to use tap-to-pay functionality, regardless of whether or not the device has an NFC Secure Element.. Head to the Play Store listing to get in on the latest update. The update is rolling out gradually, but those who are overeager can get in on the action by visiting the ...
Emulation News, Emulator Download Database, Game and Hardware Reviews, Forum, Translations, Savestates, Weblinks, Pokemon, FAQs, SNES, C64, Commodore, Nintendo 64, Playstation, Game Boy, Dreamcast, Xbox, Wii, Arcade, Amiga, Atari, Sega
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The use of deep reinforcement learning allows for high-dimensional state descriptors, but little is known about how the choice of action representation impacts the learning difficulty and the resulting performance. We compare the impact of four different action parameterizations (torques, muscle-activations, target joint angles, and target joint-angle velocities) in terms of learning time, policy robustness, motion quality, and policy query rates. Our results are evaluated on a gaitcycle imitation task for multiple planar articulated figures and multiple gaits. We demonstrate that the local feedback provided by higher-level action parameterizations can significantly impact the learning, robustness, and quality of the resulting policies ...
Observing an action performed by another person to learn a new movement is a frequent experience in adult daily life, such as in sports. However, it is an especially common circumstance during the development of motor skills in childhood. Studies on healthy humans indicate that action observation induces a facilitation in the observers motor system. This effect is supported by an action-perception matching mechanism available both in adults and in children. Because of the simplicity of action observation, it has been proposed to apply this method in clinical contexts. After a brief, non-exhaustive introduction of the essential features underlying action observation in healthy people, we review recent studies reporting beneficial effects of rehabilitative training based on a combination of action perception and execution. We focus on therapeutic interventions for patients with upper-limb motor disabilities such as adults after stroke or children with hemiplegia due to cerebral palsy. Further, we
The present study aimed to investigate how the prior social disposition of a model in a warm-up period influences 18-month-old infants subsequent imitation. Infants were randomly assigned to an interactive and social warm-up period (,i,n,/i, = 19) or a non-interactive and non-social warm-up period (,i,n,/i, = 19) with the model prior to the imitation task. They then participated in an imitation ...
Understanding how vocal and social interactions accumulate to affect the outcome of normal or abnormal speech development is important, but difficult to investi...
x86 Emulation Performance. Microsoft has come up with strange ideas over the years. Their latest one is running Windows on ARM (again), with the help of Qualcomm and some daring manufacturing partners to bring a new OS variant that can emulate x86 software. We get hands on with the first Windows on ARM device, the HP Envy x2, for some serious benchmarking.
An optimized interface for simulation and visualization data transfer between an emulation system and simulator is disclosed. In one embodiment, a method of transferring data between a simulator to an
Advances in running and debugging software are making the emulation platform a viable and cost-effective way to begin software-development tasks earlier.
INTERNET DRAFT draft-ietf-pwe3-arch-02.txt August 2003 The PW service-specific mechanisms MUST define whether the packets checksum shall be preserved across the PW, or be removed from PE- bound PDUs and then be re-calculated for insertion in CE-bound data. The former approach saves work, while the latter saves bandwidth. For a given implementation the choice may be dictated by hardware restrictions, which may not allow the preservation of the checksum. For protocols such as ATM and FR, the scope of the checksum is restricted to a single link. This is because the circuit identifiers (e.g. FR DLCI or ATM VPI/VCI) have only local significance and are changed on each hop or span. If the circuit identifier (and thus checksum) were going to change as a part of the PW emulation, it would be more efficient to strip and re-calculate the checksum. The service specific document for each protocol MUST describe the validation scheme to be used. 6.5 Congestion Considerations The PSN carrying the PW may be ...
Organ enables you to create an authentic emulation of several classic organ models With Organ you get more than a simple emulator thanks to its unique capabilities Each presets is made of 3 individual manuals A manual can receive MIDI on its
Emulation and API Compatibility :: WINE Software. Free, secure and fast downloads from the largest Open Source applications and software directory - SourceForge.net
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KVR Forum Topic: Synapse Audio Minimoog emulation The Legend for VST/AU and RE released! - Ive been wondering for a while now what Synp
Pam Keeseys resumé - Download my resumé My love of words started with I am a Fox. My parents were convinced Id learned to read at the age of two because I would turn the pages... ...
An emulator is capable of connecting to an information interface that can communicate information from an information source to an information sink in a format native to the information sink. The emulator comprises an emulation controller capable of coupling to the information interface, a network controller coupled to the emulation controller and capable of coupling to an external network, and a storage. The storage holds an instruction sequence executable on the emulation controller. The instruction sequence comprises a code for receiving network information from the external network and a code capable of converting the network information to the native format for transfer to the information sink.
模拟 - 引用次数:9 In this time, the creation of the poems is characterized with both imitation and innovation. The aesthetic consciousness and perspectives of writing on frontier are in the constant change and some of aesthetic characteristics and modes are formed.. 但它又是一个模拟与创新并进的探索阶段,在这一阶段里,对于边塞的审美意识和创作观念在发展中变化,边塞诗的一些审美特征和审美模式亦在慢慢构筑。. 参考来源 - 南北朝边塞诗的审美形成论 ...
Easy, delicious and healthy Imitation Lobster Crepes recipe from SparkRecipes. See our top-rated recipes for Imitation Lobster Crepes.
Modern Aesthetics is the source for expert advice on patient care and practice development for cosmetic surgeons. With content by and for clinicians, each edition offers unique perspective and insight regarding the latest developments in aesthetics-from skin care to advanced procedures-and strategies for clinicians to successfully incorporate them into practice.
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________ has often been called the great imitator because so many of the signs and symptoms are indistinguishable from those of other diseases. A. Chlamydia B. Syphilis C. Herpes D. Gonorrhea
Please be advised that we experienced an unexpected issue that occurred on Saturday and Sunday January 20th and 21st that caused the site to be down for an extended period of time and affected the ability of users to access content on Wiley Online Library. This issue has now been fully resolved. We apologize for any inconvenience this may have caused and are working to ensure that we can alert you immediately of any unplanned periods of downtime or disruption in the future ...
The neural bases of imitation learning are virtually unknown. In the present study, we addressed this issue using an event-related fMRI paradigm. Musically naive participants were scanned during four events: (1) observation of guitar chords played by a guitarist, (2) a pause following model observat …
effect of these processes in a model for the spread of a novel behaviour and also select which model-parameters provide the best fit to the monkey data. Our analysis reveals evidence for asocial processes and stimulus enhancement but not observational learning. The latency to solve the tasks co-varied with the strength of the asocial, but not social, processes. Further, only asocial parameters were required for the model to fit the data. Both model and monkey diffusion data exhibited deceleratory diffusion curves. We discuss the relationship between both the asocial and social processes and the diffusion dynamics. ...
Any medical student knows the significance of observational learning. Visual observation of disease states and procedural technique is key to assist in expeditious ingestion and digestion of potentially complicated information. As a medical student, I have limited exposure to hospital surgical environments, and Jomi.com has delivered an exceptional platform for me to experience a visually impactful connection to each and every case. The included notations for patient history, physical exam, pre-op and post-op imaging, options for treatment, and the rationale for each procedure show that the staff and surgeons working with Jomi.com are studiously professional on every plane. ...
Films Media Group, an Infobase Learning Company, is the premier source of high-quality academic streaming video and DVDs for schools, colleges, and libraries.
Theoretically, the same could be done with the human brain on a much larger scale; the human brain has 100 billion neurons and 100 trillion connections among them. Mapping the precise, city-streetlike grid and deciphering the rules of the human brains neural network could lead to breakthroughs in our understanding of the roots of human neurological, neurobehavioral and neuropsychiatric disorders. It could also significantly contribute to innovations in preventing, treating and curing conditions associated with problems related to wiring of the brain [source: Collins]. It could also lead to a deeper understanding of how we think and reason, our sense of self, and ways we might emulate the human mind.. Mind-uploading, or creating substrate-independent minds, involves transferring the contents of your human brain to a new synthetic brain - a digital copy of not just your memories, but the particulars of your personality and your very consciousness. Although still in the early stages of C. elegans ...
A method and apparatus using a virtual addressing buffer circuit afford address mapping and control flexibility to provide a unique opportunity for device emulation and software debugging. The method permits the emulation of a device which is physically not present in a CPU controlled system utilizing a virtual addressing buffer circuit. The method includes the step of storing a match address which corresponds to an address location of the device. The virtual addressing buffer intercepts an address request from a CPU for the address location of the device. Bits of the requested address which are not relevant to a determination of whether the requested address matches the match address are filtered out to produce a filtered request address. The filtered request address is compared with the match address, and a match indicator is activated when the filtered requested address matches the match address. A terminate command is provided to a bus controller connected to the CPU and a local memory when the
With glia, neurons are constrained by overarching top down principles imposed on them to develop interesting structure. i.e. They can start to build the dynamic, macroscopic complex computational structures we are familiar with. The latest big research from brain transcriptome centers are unable to determine known cortex structures from the genetic mapping of neurons. What does this mean ? The neuron as the basic component for simulation/emulation is to a degree a faulty concept, but the degree to which it is faulty has amazingly not been realized and our largest simulation/emulation projects are trying to run on it ! We do get oscillations, and crude spike co-coalitions, but anything else remotely brain like has to be arranged for the network by programming structure. It does not derive a large brain like network structure from internal basic principles. Why ? A great problem is the various glia have their own unrecognized structure building principles (the focus of my PhD research) which is ...
Dear Mr. Shulman,. Thank you for your thoughtful reply. I will confine my response to a few points, for lack of time to do more.. As a physicist, I dont know what sort of object the mind is, but the brain or more precisely, particular brains which exist in the physical world, are familiar things to me. Perhaps by the mind you mean some abstract model of the brains functioning, i.e. the way it gates and integrates excitation, tunes its synapses and so on. I dont know what it would mean to say that such a logical model would be an instantiation of a Turing Machine but it does not sound correct to me. On the other hand, I do believe that if you could specify such a model, it would be computable either with a Turing Machine, or more reasonably, with an efficient computer of greater capability than any existing today.. Im not sure I even know what it would mean to say that a given modern digital computer was an instantiation of a Turing Machine but I suspect it would not be correct, ...
Hi, forum! I (currently) have Garou: Mark of the Wolves (Prototype), which I play on Winkawks (personal fave for Neo-Geo, as I can use macros right off). I may look for a non-prototype in the future. Anyway, Im looking for cheat codes (dat files) for GMOTW. I know there are codes to play as the bosses in the arcade, and I know that you just go past Rock/Terry to get Grant/Kain when set to console. Im just trying to find any other cheats that may be available. So far, while searching, all Ive found are DIP switch cheat codes. Just in case any other GMOTW fans are interested: 1-1 Unknown 1-2 Both players are Invicible 1-3 Stage select 1-4 Unknown 1-5 Unknown 1-6 Unknown 1-7 Unknown 1-8 Unknown 2-1 Easy special moves 2-2 View characters ending 2-3 Skip to next round 2-4 Unknown 2-5 Unknown 2-6 Unknown 2-7 Unknown 2-8 Unknown If anyone has an update to the DIPS, or a dat file, please feel free to share! FYI: as most of the prior Garou games, 2-1 allows you to do the S-Power with d,d+A = 2 ...
Well, I like where youre going with stuff, for what its worth. I would like to simply comment that I hope they keep the direct 1:1 ability emulations between classes to a minimum.. To clarify with an example, I dont mind Ciphers having Pyrokinetic abilities, but I dont want to see:. Wizard Spell -- Fireball: Range, 20 // AoE, 7 // fire damage, 40 // burn damage, 5 per-sec for 7 secs.. The Wizard creates a compact sphere of fire that explodes upon impact and launches it at a foe or area.. Cipher Ability -- Mentolotov: Range, 20 // AoE, 7 // fire damage, 40 // burn damage, 5 per-sec for 7 secs.. The Cipher uses pyrokinesis to hyper-heat the air around a given foe or at a given location, causing a fiery explosion.. That is not to say, of course, that Pyrokinesis can NEVER do AoE fire damage, but Id rather add some diversity into the emulations. I want a Ciphers fiery abilities to do more/different (Ciphery) things than a Wizards fiery (Wizardy) spells.. Simple, single-effect ...
Verific Design Automations Industry-Standard SystemVerilog, VHDL Parsers Linked with Aldecs Hardware Emulation Solution: Companies Sign Licensing Agreement ALAMEDA, CALIF. -- August 15, 2012 --Verific Design Automationtoday announced it licensed its industry-standard, IEEE-compliant SystemVerilog and VHDL platform to Aldec, Inc.,a global leader in electronic design verification, to be included into its Hardware Emulation Solution (HES™). …
We explore the use of multi-finger input to emulate full mouse functionality, such as the tracking state, three buttons, and chording. We first present the design space for such techniques, which serves as a guide for the systematic investigation of possible solutions. We then perform a series of pilot studies to come up with recommendations for the various aspects of the
On Nov 24, 2012, at 12:40 AM, Richard Sandiford wrote: , Matt Thomas ,[email protected], writes: ,, NetBSD uses -mabicalls so that most symbols are gotten from the GOT so ,, -msym32 doesnt help us that much. , , Well, GNU userspace uses -mabicalls too, but the -mno-shared form is , now the default for executables. I suppose thats the difference. , , Just to confirm: it sounds from what youre saying that -msym32 , (and 32-bit load addresses) are not valid as well as not useful , for n64 NetBSD. 5GB is the minimum (or only) acceptable start , address. Is that right? Not quite. N64 will work with any start address (thats under 1TB) but NetBSD would prefer it to remain at 5GB. FWIW, even with a N64 kernel, NetBSD defaults to a N32 userland so having -msym32 support N64 doesnt help us much since only those programs that really need a 64-bit address space will be using N64 ...
A technique for system-wide emulation of an embedded system. The technique includes the addition of emulation software and an intermediary operating system. The intermediary operating system is used t
Model 8000 wedge emulation uses a ball bonder instead of a wedge bonder for low-profile interconnects, fine pitch, running-stitch interconnects, and die-to-die bonding in high-density packages. Chain bonding with stitch-stitch interconnects is said to maximize bonding speed at 7-12 wires per second. The chain bonds also offer improved reliability and reduced keep-out space typical of ball bonding. Wedge emulation controls interconnect geometries according to user-supplied inputs. With no tail-off, bond deformation is reportedly reduced, increasing destructive pull strength up to 5×. Throughput and ease-of-use are increased with all wires a single diameter. Machine software programs interconnects to begin with a stitch instead of ball, enabling the use of gold or other wires. Palomar Technologies, Inc., Carlsbad, CA, www.bonders.com. ...
Birds have been shown to have imitative resonance behaviors and neurological evidence suggests the presence of some form of ... Due to this, the observer will produce the action explicitly (in his/her behavior) with agility and finesse. This happens due ... This suggests that other areas, along with the mirror system are crucial to imitation behaviors. It has also been proposed that ... Thus, the neuron "mirrors" the behavior of the other, as though the observer were itself acting. Such neurons have been ...
Birds have been shown to have imitative resonance behaviors and neurological evidence suggests the presence of some form of ... Descartes believed that all of the behaviors of animals, and most of the behaviors of humans, could be explained in terms of ... A command neuron is a special type of identified neuron, defined as a neuron that is capable of driving a specific behavior ... Thus, the neuron "mirrors" the behavior of the other, as though the observer were itself acting. Such neurons have been ...
Hamilton, M. L. (1973). "Imitative behavior and expressive ability in facial expression of emotion". Developmental Psychology. ... The ability to regulate expressions of sadness in order to provoke comforting behavior from caregivers can develop as young as ...
Motomura, Naoyasu (1998). "The neural basis of Imitative behavior: Parietal actions and frontal programs". Behavioral and Brain ... Adults only display teaching behavior in response to pup begging calls, and adults modify their specific teaching behaviors ... understanding of intentionality of action in other members of a social group influences their imitative behaviors. As a ... This behavior is shown by an ant who has located a food source in order to guide a naive ant to the desired location. The ...
If the imitative behavior continues beyond infanthood, it may be considered echopraxia. Echopraxia may be more easily ... Imitation can be divided into two types: imitative learning and automatic imitation. Imitative learning occurs when a person ... of the brain that may influence imitative behaviors, but no widely accepted neural or computational models have been put ... because their behaviors in relation to prior behaviors can be differentiated. They report feeling an uncontrollable urge to ...
However, in accordance with the overriding principle of beauty, such behaviors are stylized to be presented on stage. Peking ... Peking opera should be suggestive, not imitative. The literal aspects of scenes are removed or stylized to better represent ... Many performances deal with behaviors that occur in daily life. ...
Herman (2002) suggested that bottlenose dolphins produce goal-emulated behaviors rather than imitative ones. A dolphin that ... Finally, a behavior's stability in animal culture depends on the context in which they learn a behavior. If a behavior has ... To count acquired behavior as cultural, two conditions need must be met: the behavior must spread in a social group, and that ... The fact that the behavior is rewarding has a role in cultural stability as well. The ability for socially-learned behaviors to ...
Bandura's theory also claims reinforcement is not necessary in the maintenance of imitative behavior. Rather, it is the ... that can serve as a sort of standard for the behavior An model must imitate the behavior of the demonstrator acquired from the ... An model must give attention to the demonstrator's behavior An model must store that behavior in the form of a "symbolic ... What there is not, however, is specificity in regards to how this behavior moves from one piece to the next. It is unclear as ...
... "subsets of imitative behavior" whereby sounds or actions are imitated "without explicit awareness". Echolalia may be an ... "observer acquires new behaviors through imitation" and mimicry or automatic imitation occurs when a "reenacted behavior is ... It is not possible to distinguish the imitative learning form of echolalia that occurs as part of normal development from ... Although echolalia can be an impairment, the symptoms can involve a large selection of underlying meanings and behaviors across ...
Imitative learning also plays a crucial role in the development of cognitive and social communication behaviors, such as ... the child is very likely to continue performing the same behavior or action. The behavior "has been reinforced (i.e. ... is an advanced behavior whereby an individual observes and replicates another's behavior. Imitation is also a form of social ... More specifically, these behaviors are usually unique to the species and can be complex in nature and can benefit the ...
Decety, J., & Grèzes, J. (2006). The power of simulation: Imagining one's own and other's behavior. Brain Research, 1079, 4-14 ... Meltzoff, A. & Prinz, W. (2002). "The Imitative Mind: Development, Evolution and Brain Bases." Cambridge: Cambridge University ... Does consciousness cause behavior? (pp. 257-276). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. Bosbach, S., Cole, J., Prinz, W., & ...
He posits that intensified conflict is a product of the imitative behaviors of Israelis and Palestinians, entitling them " ...
Several bird names are perhaps reduplications of calls (or other nonvocal behavior), and there are a couple of imitative cries ... There is little direct onomatopoeia recorded by Bridges, despite descriptions of highly animated imitative behavior on the part ...
Other paradigms look at rates of imitative behavior, the ability to replicate and complete unfinished goal-directed acts, and ... ToM is one of the patterns of behavior that is typically exhibited by the minds of both neurotypical and atypical people, that ... Being able to attribute mental states to others and understanding them as causes of behavior implies, in part, that one must be ... For instance, 9-month-old infants prefer looking at behaviors performed by a human hand over those made by an inanimate hand- ...
... a case of imitative learning it would be misleading to think of Abang's behavior solely as parrot-fashion learning. … apes ... The aim of the experiment was to teach an ape subject, through imitative learning, to use a stone to hammer a flake from a ... "Imitative Learning of a Flaked Stone Technology - The Case of an Orangutan". Mankind. 8 (4): 296-306. doi:10.1111/j.1835- ...
Because "Arthur" presents real childhood issues, the show contains some imitative behavior such as name calling or bickering, ... Arthur presents issues and situations kids can relate to, and teaches positive behaviors and responses to these issues in a ... "Media Exposure, Aggression and Prosocial Behavior During Early Childhood: A Longitudinal Study." Social Development 15(4) :612- ...
Savage, J (2008). "The role of exposure to media violence in the etiology of violent behavior: A criminologist weighs in". ... Television, as well as influencing its viewers, evoked an imitative response from other competing media as they struggle to ... television viewing of sexual media had no impact on teen sexual behavior in a longitudinal analysis. Many studies have found ... which were learned through the dialogue and behavior of their favorite on-screen characters. Research has been conducted to ...
Improving reporting and portrayals of negative behavior, suicidal behavior, mental illness and substance abuse in the ... Postvention is also provided to minimize the risk of imitative or copycat suicides, but there is a lack of evidence based ... There are multiple talk therapies that reduce suicidal thoughts and behaviors including dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). ... This behavior has the potential to aid an individual's capability for suicide and can be considered as a suicide warning, when ...
Once sent home to live with Millie again, Pinky copies Millie's mannerisms and behavior-drinking and smoking, sleeping with ... Millie becomes increasingly frustrated by Pinky's imitative shift in personality and begins to exhibit Pinky's timid and ...
... reduce the risk of imitative suicidal behavior, and promote the healthy recovery of the affected community. Postvention can ...
"Imitative Inventions", an online review of Olga Goriunova's Art Platforms and Cultural Production on the Internet, Mute ... Affect (philosophy) Affect theory Collective behavior Emotional contagion Gabriel Tarde Mikey Georgeson Viral phenomenon ... and at times irrational behavior, are spread in a group.' As Webb puts it, following Sampson's work, social media can be ... an indirect mesmeric and magnetic force that attracts various entities into relation and induces imitative encounters." ...
... "imitative" behaviors among high school students and vulnerable people. Prior to the series' release, scholars had studied the ... Evidence to support the existence of a relationship between fictional media exposure and suicide behaviors remained weak and a ... School counselors are often portrayed as ineffective or clueless in popular culture, Moen says, but Porter's behavior in the ... looked at the viewing behavior and activity of the company's U.S. members, factoring in the relative number of U.S. Netflix ...
Evidence of a rich cognitive life in primate relatives of humans are extensive, and a wide range of specific behaviors in line ... our closest relatives seem to lack imitative abilities. Evolutionary speaking, there is great evidence suggesting a genetical ... Behavior and neurobiology. Pp. 263-300 in Theodore Garland, Jr. and Michael R. Rose, eds. Experimental Evolution: Concepts, ... It is also believed that an increase with brain size correlates with an increase in neural centers and behavior complexity. ...
The goal of the expedition was to establish a long-term colony to observe behavior of apes. In 1927, Ball moved to the ... She also documented a case of imitative learning in the monkey (1938). In addition, throughout the 1930s and early 1940s she ... Beach once commented at a meeting that if a conference on reproductive behavior had been held in the 1930s, it would have three ... Ball's research on the role of hormones and behavior was some of the earliest in the field, contemporaneous with work of Willam ...
Camras, L.A.; Sachs, V.B. (1991). "Social referencing and caretaker expressive behavior in a day care setting". Infant Behavior ... or imitative play that is appropriate for their age and developmental level Restricted repetitive and stereotyped models of ... This type of behavior and thinking can cause one to be more blunt and aggressive towards the people that they are communicating ... Once a set of verbal and nonverbal behaviors takes place in a classroom on a consistent basis, it becomes a norm/set of rules ...
... life and behavior with crude passing generalizations about the life and behavior of their black slaves. Historians James Oliver ... imitative of whites. Thus Ulrich B. Phillips, the era's most celebrated and influential expert on slavery, combined a ...
... life and behavior with crude passing generalizations about the life and behavior of their black slaves. Historians James Oliver ... imitative of whites. Thus Ulrich B. Phillips, the era's most celebrated and influential expert on slavery, combined a ... Much of the attention is devoted to individual behavior, and how the intermingling of classes and ethnic groups operated inside ... which emphasizes language and the importance of beliefs and assumptions and their causal role in group behavior. It is often ...
... but could simply be the child's observation of observed behavior in the imitative gestures of another child or elder. The ... not until the 1960s would the larger scientific community believe that animal behavior offered any insights into human behavior ... the study of animal behavior) and a precursor of both cognitive psychology and evolutionary psychology. In the 1930s, ...
Patterns of Imitative Behavior in Children from 3 to 8: A Study of Imitation from a Cognitive-Developmental Perspective). Prior ... She is known for contributions to the psychology of science - the scientific study of scientific thought and behavior. Her ... on Children's Aggressive Behavior, co-authored with Charles Madsen and Wesley Becker, was based on Kuhn's undergraduate ... on Children's Aggressive Behavior". Child Development. 38 (3): 739-745. doi:10.2307/1127251. JSTOR 1127251. PMID 6049637. "What ...
Imitative synthesis[edit]. See also: Physical modelling synthesis. Sound synthesis can be used to mimic acoustic sound sources ... Some electronic musical instruments can invert the ADSR envelope, reversing the behavior of the normal ADSR envelope. During ... or the behavior of the instrument under different playing conditions (pitch, intensity of playing, fingering, etc.) ...
The imitative mind: Development, evolution, and brain bases. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-80685-2 ... Meltzoff, A.N., & Moore, M.K. (1994). "Imitation, memory, and the representation of persons". Infant Behavior and Development, ... Infants between 12 and 21 days of age can imitate both facial and manual gestures; this behavior cannot be explained in terms ... Such imitation implies that human neonates can equate their own unseen behaviors with gestures they see others perform. ...
Learning the local language is considered as the sure way to improve behavior management skills. It also helps in delivering ... Alexander, Loren & Butzkamm, Wolfgang (1983) Progressing from imitative to creative exercises. A presentation of the bilingual ...
"Archives of Sexual Behavior. 44 (5): 1395-1404. doi:10.1007/s10508-014-0436-6. ISSN 0004-0002. PMID 25420899.. ... purport that one of the main reasons why the human male learns to rape is via learning imitative behaviour when watching ... Among other behaviors, this means that men are more likely to favour chastity in a woman, as this way a male can be more ... Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, Alfred C. Kinsey, Wardell R. Pomeroy and Clyde E. Martin Quote: "Males do not represent two ...
In Things Hidden Since the Foundation of the World (1978), René Girard posits that human behavior is based upon mimesis, and ... T]he composition of a poem is among the imitative arts; and that imitation, as opposed to copying, consists either in the ... are wholly imitative types; the dithyramb is wholly narrative; and their combination is found in epic poetry. When reporting or ...
The idea that complex behavior results from the dynamic interaction of genes and cultural environment is not new;[6][7][8] ... imitative learning) and neuroanthropologists[17] examining how embedded culture, as captured by cross-species comparison[18] ... "Evolution and Human Behavior. 20 (5): 309-324. doi:10.1016/s1090-5138(99)00015-x.. ... The interplay of biology and culture in shaping the mind and behavior across the lifespan". Psychological Bulletin. 129: 171- ...
Bressler, Balshine (2006). "The influence of humour on desirability". Evolution and Human Behavior. 27: 29-39. doi:10.1016/j. ... Being reflective of or imitative of reality. *Surprise/misdirection, contradiction/paradox, ambiguity. ...
Jobes D.; Berman A.; O'Carroll P.; Eastgard S. (1996). "Kurt Cobain". Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 26 (3): 260-271.. ... have replicated findings of an imitative effect. Etzersdorfer et al.[14] in an Austrian study showed a strong correlation ... This is called a suicide cluster.[2] Suicide clusters are caused by the social learning of suicide-related behaviors, or " ... He cited studies that showed that people were more likely to engage in dangerous deviant behavior, such as drug taking, if ...
It derives from the Greek term mimetikos, "imitative", in turn from mimetos, the verbal adjective of mimeisthai, "to imitate". ... Moore, J. (2002). Parasites and the behavior of animals. Oxford University Press.. ... Shuster, Stephen (May 1987). "Alternative Reproductive Behaviors: Three Discrete Male Morphs in Paracerceis sculpta, an ... Hormones and Behavior. 38 (4): 222-233. doi:10.1006/hbeh.2000.1622. PMID 11104640. S2CID 5759575.. ...
Human Evolution, Behavior, and Intelligence. Westport (CT): Praeger. ISBN 978-0-275-96103-9. ISSN 1063-2158. Lay summary (18 ... This genius is a talent for producing ideas which can be described as non-imitative. Kant's discussion of the characteristics ...
Science, according to Tambiah, is "a system of behavior by which man acquires mastery of the environment."[130] ... imitative, mimetic)" and the "contagious". The former was the idea that "like produces like", or that the similarity between ...
Behavior: An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. Henry Holt. *^ Watson, John B., and Rosalie Rayner. 1920. "Conditioned ... Thus, language is imitative. Watson goes on to claim that, "words are but substitutes for objects and situations."[26] In his ... Dissertation on animal behavior[edit]. Watson earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1903.[21] In his dissertation ... "The Behavior Analyst. 9 (1): 71-88. doi:10.1007/BF03391931. PMC 2741879. PMID 22478649.. ...
Matched with play behavior Noisy play bark. Harsh, short sound. Low-pitched, with an extremely short, sharp rise.. Associated ... As with other examples of onomatopoeia or imitative sounds, other cultures "hear" the dog's barks differently and represent ... After barking, play behavior was often observed. "Christmas tree" bark. Sonogram displayed "Christmas tree" effect. There is a ... "The influence of domestication upon behavior of animals". Abnormal Behaviour in Animals. Philadelphia: 179-187.. ...
... or the act of imitating a behavior observed in another person after witnessing that person be reinforced for said behavior. In ... The number of imitative verbal aggressions exhibited by the boys was much more than by the girls. Additionally, the results ... then would start to show aggressive behavior towards the doll. Examples of this aggressive behavior include hitting/punching ... The final measure included modes of aggression shown by the child that were not direct imitation of the role-model's behavior. ...
... is defined by Kim and Berry (1993) as "the scientific study of human behavior or mind that is native, ... imitative, and explicative nature of psychological research that is deeply rooted in Western psychology; self-reflection on ... and self-destructive behavior that some people seek to numb with alcohol" (Napoleon, viii). Napoleon writes: "Yuuyaraq (the way ... and to search for general principles of human behavior. The development of an IP is valuable in its own right, but they may ...
... for their camouflaged imitative perch. In the day they are normally found perching or nesting usually higher than 12 meters ... Few details are known of the brooding behavior, but about a month elapses before the offspring is seen alone at the nest. A ...
This framework ensures that the behavior of one robot takes into account its previous interactions, since behaviors are ... or perform specific imitative movements. During her brief postdoctoral work back at EPFL, Billard proposes a theoretical ... learn both low-level motor patterns during specific behaviors as well as the probability of a transition to the next behavior ... produced more life-like behaviors in a social learning task. Using biologically inspired robotic models, Billard has been able ...
Being reflective of or imitative of reality Surprise/misdirection, contradiction/paradox, ambiguity. Farce Hyperbole Metaphor ... Evolution and Human Behavior. 27: 29-39. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2005.06.002. Kuiper & Martin (1993). "Humor and self- ...
The mimetic theory of desire is an explanation of human behavior and culture which originated with the French historian and ... In his study of history, Girard formed the hypothesis that societies unify their imitative desires around the destruction of a ...
Their challenge begins and propels the dialogues; in answering the challenge, of the "charge", Socrates reveals his behavior ... Socrates finally rejects any form of imitative art and concludes that such artists have no place in the just city. He continues ... since proper education ensures lawful behavior, and poor education causes lawlessness (425a-425c). Socrates proceeds to search ...
For example, humans are typically quicker at making imitative responses relative to comparable non-imitative responses. This ... Advances in the Study of Behavior, 29, 215-245 Heyes, C. M. (2001) Causes and consequences of imitation. Trends in Cognitive ... Heyes and colleagues have also shown that a number of imitative effects, thought to be mediated by the mirror system, may be ... the reaction time advantage for imitative responses may be abolished. Similar counter-mirror training has also been shown to ...
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... plays a crucial role in action perception and imitative behavior, which is suggested to be impaired in Autism Spectrum ... Social decision making in autism: On the impact of mirror neurons, motor control, and imitative behaviors CNS Neurosci Ther. ... The Mirror Neuron System (MNS) plays a crucial role in action perception and imitative behavior, which is suggested to be ... imitative behavior, and their impact on social decision making in ASDs. To date, there is no consensus regarding a particular ...
Imitative behavior Research shows that therapists exert a powerful influence on the communication patterns of group members by ... BEHAVIOR THERAPIES. Behavior therapies comprise a number of techniques based upon a common theoretical belief: maladaptive ... Behavior therapies focus on how a problem behavior originated, and on the environmental factors that maintain it. Individuals ... As a result, they can be unlearned, and new, more adaptive behaviors learned in their place. The emergence of behavior ...
"Imitative Behavior" by people in this website by year, and whether "Imitative Behavior" was a major or minor topic of these ... "Imitative Behavior" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Imitative Behavior" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Imitative Behavior". ...
Article; Format: print Publisher: Geneva : World Health Organization, 2009Online access: Full text now in IRIS Availability: Items available for loan: WHO HQ [Call number: HV 5745 2009SM] (1). ...
This study demonstrated the effectiveness of peers as imitative behavior trainers for retarded children, and generalization of ... Stimulus control of imitative responding was achieved when the reinforcing and non-reinforcing trainers for each trainee ... Imitative responding to both trainers was recovered when both trainers reinforced trainees correct imitations. ... A multiple baseline _comparison revealed that initial training produced high rates of imitative responding to both the ...
Imitative learning is a type of social learning whereby new behaviors are acquired via imitation. Imitation aids in ... Imitative learning has been well documented in humans; they are often used as a comparison group in studies of imitative ... imitative learning plays an important role in humans in cultural development. Imitative learning is different from ... The study also speculates whether the primacy of imitative learning, as opposed to trial end error, was due to a social and ...
Investigating systematic process differences between innovative and imitative new ventures, Small Business Economics" on ... Research in organizational behavior. Aldrich, H. E.; Auster, E. R.. * Fools rush in: The institutional context of industry ... Does venture opportunity variation matter? Investigating systematic process differences between innovative and imitative new ... Does venture opportunity variation matter? Investigating systematic process differences between innovative and imitative new ...
Imitative Behavior. en. dc.subject.mesh. Risk Factors. en. dc.subject.mesh. Lobbying. en. ...
1 Department of Health and Social Behavior, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass. 02115, USA. ...
Imitative Behavior [‎3]‎. Immune Complex Diseases [‎4]‎. Immune Reconstitution [‎1]‎. Immune Sera [‎12]‎. ...
Feeding Behavior • Female • Food • Food Preferences • Helping Behavior • Hominidae • Humans • Imitative Behavior • Inhibition ( ... Adult • Africa • Age Factors • Altruism • Animals • Ape • Appetitive Behavior • Attention • Behavior, Animal • Behavioral ... Sexual Behavior • Social Behavior • Social Perception • Space Perception • Species Specificity • Theory of Mind • Time Factors ... Cooperative Behavior • Decision Making • Democratic Republic of the Congo • Diet • Dog • Domestication • Ecology • Emotions • ...
Imitative behavior. Members expand their personal knowledge and skills through the observation of Group members self- ... Boundary crossings are defined as behaviors that deviate from the usual verbal behavior but do not harm the client; boundary ... Clients pay close attention to the therapists behavior, particularly at the beginning of a group. Therapist behavior should be ... Ethics and Behavior, 5, 161-183.. Corey, M.S., & Corey, G. (1997). Groups: Process and practice (5th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: ...
Behavior, Animal. Female. Imitative Behavior. Learning*. Male. Pongo abelii / psychology*. Pongo pygmaeus / psychology*. Social ...
Birds have been shown to have imitative resonance behaviors and neurological evidence suggests the presence of some form of ... Due to this, the observer will produce the action explicitly (in his/her behavior) with agility and finesse. This happens due ... This suggests that other areas, along with the mirror system are crucial to imitation behaviors. It has also been proposed that ... Thus, the neuron "mirrors" the behavior of the other, as though the observer were itself acting. Such neurons have been ...
... imitative behavior, Pan troglodytes, chimpanzee use of tools, problem solving, cognition and learning, social behavior, honey ... behavior change, group size, attachment behavior, agonistic behavior, social behavior, animal welfare. ... Descriptors: animal behavior, Pan troglodytes, social behavior, agonistic behavior, chimpanzees.. Casler, L.E. and L.T. Nash ( ... Descriptors: imitative behavior, environmental enrichment, chimpanzees.. Notes: Meeting Information: 28th Annual Meeting of the ...
The foolish imitative ape cut his own throat. As you see, these tales are not stories of foolish human behavior, but they are ... other similar tales with a stronger warning against imitative behavior were even more popular in the Middle Ages. Alexander ... Poes view of the ape as a mindless imitator of human behavior has a long history in Western culture. An ape or a monkey ... Reflects the allegorical use of animals to comment on human behavior common in the 18th (Grandvilles work, for instance) and ...
If the imitative behavior continues beyond infanthood, it may be considered echopraxia.[1] ... Imitation can be divided into two types: imitative learning and automatic imitation.[1] Imitative learning occurs when a person ... Echopraxia may be more easily distinguished in older individuals, because their behaviors in relation to prior behaviors can be ... of the brain that may influence imitative behaviors,[1] but no widely accepted neural or computational models have been put ...
Premotor circuits help generate imitative behaviors and can be activated during observation of another animals behavior, ... Motor circuits are required to encode a sensory model for imitative learning.. Roberts TF1, Gobes SM, Murugan M, Ölveczky BP, ... premotor circuits help encode sensory information about the behavioral model before shaping and executing imitative behaviors. ... Motor circuits are required to encode a sensory model for imitative learning ...
Bandura, A. (1976). Social learning perspective on behavior change. In A. Burton (Ed.), What makes behavior change possible? ( ... Bandura, A., Ross, D., & Ross, S. A. (1963). Vicarious reinforcement and imitative learning. Journal of Abnormal and Social ... In E. Sanavio (Ed.), Behavior and cognitive therapy today: Essays in honor of Hans J. Eysenck. (pp. 1-29). Oxford: Anonima ... Journal of Motor Behavior, 2, 85-97. Clark, M., Ghandour, G., Miller, N. H., Taylor, C. B., Bandura, A., DeBusk, R. F. (1997). ...
The consequences of imitative behavior in children: the "Evel Knievel syndrome."Pediatrics. 1976;57(3):418-419. ... A synthesis of 1043 effects of television on social behavior. In: Comstock G ed. Public Communication and Behavior. New York, ... As documented in previous studies, movies rarely showed the consequences of unsafe behaviors.11,12 For example, characters were ... Second, coding injury-prevention behaviors of all characters in certain scenes would not have been possible (eg, hundreds of ...
I am concerned about my thinking, behavior, or emotions. Not at all. ...
Crowd behavior as process [3]BIBLIOGRAPHY [4]Collective behavior is the field of sociology that focuses on the sequences and ... unless it becomes imitative, usually produces only the most transient forms of interaction. The spread of a fashion or fad, or ... Collective Behavior Encyclopedia of Sociology COPYRIGHT 2001 The Gale Group Inc.. COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOR. Collective behavior ... Theories of collective behavior can be classified broadly as focusing on the behavior itself (microlevel) or on the larger ...
Observational learning differs from imitative learning in that it does not require a duplication of the behavior exhibited by ... Finally, a behaviors stability in animal culture depends on the context in which they learn a behavior. If a behavior has ... To count acquired behavior as cultural, two conditions need must be met: the behavior must spread in a social group, and that ... Herman (2002) suggested that bottlenose dolphins produce goal-emulated behaviors rather than imitative ones. A dolphin that ...
Modulation of cortical activity during different imitative behaviors. J Neurophysiol 2003;89:460-71. ... Auditory-oral matching behavior in newborns. Dev Sci 2004;7:42-7. ... To test the possible influence of GMs quality and imitative ... Individual differences among infants in the quality of GMs and imitative behaviour will modulate the effects of training on ... To determine if the individual differences among infants in the quality of GMs and imitative behaviour will modulate the ...
Dawson, G., & Galpert, L. (1990). Mothers use of imitative play for facilitating the social behavior of autistic children. ... 2007). Human Behavior and the Developing Brain, Second Edition: Typical Development. New York: Guilford Press. ... 2007). Human Behavior and the Developing Brain, Second Edition: Atypical Development. New York: Guilford Press. ... Dawson, G. (1983). Review of Understanding Child Behavior Disorders. D.M. Gelfand, W.R. Johnson, C.J. Drew. Journal of Clinical ...
Influence of models reinforcement contingencies on the acquisition of imitative response. J. Personal. Soc. Psychol. 1: 589- ... Verbal Behavior. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. *↑ Alcock J. 2001. Animal Behavior, 7th ed., Sinauer Associates, Inc.: ... You can help by expanding this section of the Animal Behavior Book. In the meantime please consult Wikipedia on this subject. ... for behavior that is not. Initially rewards are issued for even a crude approximation or a component of the behavior. While ...
  • imitative learning plays an important role in humans in cultural development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those who study animals know that there are many behaviors which are not learned and are characteristic of each species including humans. (seanet.com)
  • my swordmaster's Malamute dogs, who have recognizable call-by-name vocalizations for their humans) can develop communication behaviors far more elaborate than their wild kin. (ibiblio.org)
  • A short while later I read an article in Time magazine that said mirror neurons might form the basis for empathy, social behavior, and even language. (psychologicalscience.org)
  • Research shows that therapists exert a powerful influence on the communication patterns of group members by modeling certain behaviors. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Sufferers also tend to repeat certain behaviors and have difficulties when required to change their usual daily activities. (ei-resource.org)
  • This is considerable evidence that group therapist influence the communicational patterns in their groups by modeling certain behaviors. (ipl.org)
  • Ethologists who study animal behavior call this a fixed action pattern. (seanet.com)
  • [1] Imitative learning occurs when a person consciously mimics an observed action in order to learn the mechanism behind that action and perform it himself or herself. (wikipedia.org)
  • To say that elementary collective behavior occurs spontaneously is to point to the role played in its initiation by individuals who experience greater subjective freedom or psychological compulsion to express unconventional ideas, to engage in unconventional behavior, or otherwise to deviate from established standards. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Observational learning is learning that occurs through observing the behavior of others. (wikipedia.org)
  • This basically occurs when an individual first learns a behavior by observing another individual and that individual serves as a model through whom other individuals learn the behavior, and so on. (wikipedia.org)
  • Observational learning occurs through observing negative and positive behaviors. (wikipedia.org)
  • We study the relationship between asset prices and herd behavior, which occurs when truders follow the trend in past trades. (academicroom.com)
  • If observing behavior occurs in the same area as actually behaving, then social interaction would seem to play a large role in cognition. (psychologicalscience.org)
  • When a child is treated with medication and repetitive behaviors decrease. (powershow.com)
  • This group of disorders is characterized by a shared spectrum of qualitative impairments in social interaction, associated with varying degrees of deficits in communication and marked repetitive behaviors and restricted interests. (scielo.br)
  • Inhibition of imitative behaviour and social cognition. (mpg.de)
  • The inhibition of imitative behavior and attribution of mental states. (mpg.de)
  • In this review, we discuss the plausibility and empirical evidence of a neural interaction between the MNS, action perception, empathy, imitative behavior, and their impact on social decision making in ASDs. (nih.gov)
  • Children who have empathy are able to recognize how their behavior impacts other people. (childrenscourtyard.com)
  • Research has found that children who were unable to show empathy as toddlers were more likely to have increased behavior problems in first grade. (childrenscourtyard.com)
  • Teaching empathy at a young age could be vital in preventing future behavior problems. (childrenscourtyard.com)
  • Imitative learning is a type of social learning whereby new behaviors are acquired via imitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study also speculates whether the primacy of imitative learning, as opposed to trial end error, was due to a social and biological response to the mother (a type of learning bias). (wikipedia.org)
  • 4 , - , 9 The social cognitive theory suggests that children often imitate behavior seen in mass media. (aappublications.org)
  • The phenomena studied range from responses to disaster, the disorderly street mob, or the radical social upheaval to the peaceful and comparatively trivial shifts in the orientations of individuals and small groups that, occurring en masse, can produce major changes in taste, fashion, or public opinion. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some elementary aspect is actually present in every social encounter, since the behavior of the participants is never completely determined by prior expectations associated with the positions they occupy in stable social structures. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Every elementary collective behavior episode involves a partial derailment of social interaction from its normatively structured or expected course. (encyclopedia.com)
  • There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than in social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood. (aappublications.org)
  • We argue that the need to belong is a more basic proximate motivation for conforming to commitments, in the sense both that affiliative behaviors are evidenced much earlier in human development than either reputation management or social emotions and that the need to belong is at least part of an explanation of why we care for our reputation and why we care about others' assessments of our behavior. (springer.com)
  • This category should be used when there is a severe and pervasive impairment in the development of reciprocal social interaction or verbal and nonverbal communication skills, or when stereotyped behavior, interests, and activities are present, but the criteria are not met for a specific pervasive developmental disorder, schizophrenia, schizotypal personality disorder, or avoidant personality disorder. (autism.com)
  • This imitative behavior streamlines social interaction and aids in learning to replicate actions. (mpi.nl)
  • These symptoms can be mild, seen in a lack of certain nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze and gestures or any type of social interaction, or a more serious lack of all reciprocal social interaction and other large impairments in language development and language use. (utm.edu)
  • Services provided by autism services providers under this section shall include applied behavior analysis when required by a licensed physician, licensed psychologist or licensed specialist clinical social worker but otherwise shall be limited to the care, services and related equipment prescribed or ordered by a licensed physician, licensed psychologist or licensed specialist clinical social worker. (kslegislature.org)
  • Rather, the impulse to make assumptions on the basis of sex is learned behavior -- 'social imitative learning and over-generalization' -- not fear. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Songbirds offer a unique model system in which brain steroid production is widespread and especially pronounced, and in which the development and expression of a suite of social behaviors is accessible in the laboratory and natural environments. (umass.edu)
  • Autism refers to a set of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impaired social interaction, restricted communication, and repetitive, stereotypic behaviors. (springermedizin.de)
  • The importance of imitative behavior in the therapeutic process is difficult to gauge, but social-psychological research suggests that therapist may have underestimated it. (ipl.org)
  • A second theory is the theory of social learning, which posits that social people can engage in vicarious learning after witnessing reinforcements acquired through a particular behavior [ 7 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • It states that individuals may perform a particular behavior because of social contexts, not because of a desire for the behavior [ 8 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The predictive nature of individual differences in early associative learning and emerging social behavior. (nih.gov)
  • The hierarchical nature of circuit and skill development predicts that the emergence of social behaviors may depend upon an infant's early abilities to detect contingencies, particularly socially-relevant associations. (nih.gov)
  • Here, we examined whether individual differences in the rate of associative learning at one month of age is an enduring predictor of social, imitative, and discriminative behaviors measured across the human infant's first year. (nih.gov)
  • One-month learning rate was predictive of social behaviors at 5, 9, and 12 months of age as well as face-evoked discriminative neural activity at 9 months of age. (nih.gov)
  • These results underscore the importance of early contingency learning and suggest the presence of a basic mechanism underlying the ontogeny of social behaviors. (nih.gov)
  • Predictive relation between early learning and social behavior during the first year of life. (nih.gov)
  • Learning as an adaptive behavior allows individuals to adapt to specific environment challenges. (wikibooks.org)
  • d) Impairment of adaptive behavior. (bridges4kids.org)
  • Birdsong is an excellent model for human speech and also for the development of communicative behavior," Beckers said. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The third asks whether the pivotal roles of imitative behavior in the early communicative development of USA toddlers also occur for the Seltaman toddlers of Papua New Guinea. (duke.edu)
  • Imitative Behavior" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (rush.edu)
  • Collective behavior is the field of sociology that focuses on the sequences and patterns of interaction that emerge in problematic situations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The disorder also includes limited and repetitive patterns of behavior. (mayoclinic.org)
  • One theoretical cause subject to ongoing debate surrounds the role of the mirror neuron system (MNS), a group of neurons in the inferior frontal gyrus (F5 region) of the brain that may influence imitative behaviors, [1] but no widely accepted neural or computational models have been put forward to describe how mirror neuron activity supports cognitive functions such as imitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differential functions of lateral and medial rostral prefrontal cortex (area 10) revealed by brain-behavior associations. (mpg.de)
  • Does the brain know who is at the origin of what in an imitative interaction? (frontiersin.org)
  • Our lab is focused on the study of behavioral physiology, specifically the non-classical regulation of brain function and behavior by steroid hormones. (umass.edu)
  • 2. Students will read and discuss pertinent scientific literature specifically, studies examining brain- behavior relationships in children with ADHD and ASD. (jhu.edu)
  • As most children with these brain diseases are not autistic, it is probably the location of the neuropathology that determines the development of autistic behaviors. (pediatriceducation.org)
  • Clients seeking group psychotherapy in this context experience a broad range of psychological and interpersonal difficulties encompassing mood, anxiety, trauma, personality and relational difficulties along with associated behaviors that reflect impairment in regulation of mood and self. (agpa.org)
  • The latter include repetitive movements such as hand-waiving or rocking, self-injurious behavior (in cases of extreme autism) and problems with digestion. (utm.edu)
  • After all, fashion, sexual behavior and language in films seem to have an influential and imitative effect in people's lives. (latimes.com)
  • Albert Bandura states that people's behavior could be determined by their environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bandura believes in reciprocal determinism in which the environment can influence people's behavior and vice versa. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study demonstrated the effectiveness of peers as imitative behavior trainers for retarded children, and generalization of imitative responding across settings and trainers. (pacific.edu)
  • Observational learning suggests that an individual's environment, cognition , and behavior all incorporate and ultimately determine how the individual functions and models. (wikipedia.org)
  • We are looking for motivated and detail-oriented students interested in investigating cognition and behavior in children with developmental disorders (Autism, ADHD, SYNGAP, Rubinstein-Taybi). (jhu.edu)
  • 2 , 3 The authors of studies have demonstrated that children's behavior toward alcohol, tobacco, violence, and injury prevention can be influenced by mass media. (aappublications.org)
  • For instance, the Bobo doll experiment shows that model, in a determined environment, affects children's behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many behaviors that a learner observes, remembers, and imitates are actions that models display and display modeling, even though the model may not intentionally try to instill a particular behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • In other words, a particular behavior may become socially normal when presented in the media [ 9 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A child may learn to swear, smack, smoke, and deem other inappropriate behavior acceptable through poor modeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Potentially imitative behavior is present, as are bad attitudes and tense family material. (screenit.com)
  • All sorts of potentially imitative behavior is present, as is some brief tense family material. (screenit.com)
  • Birds have been shown to have imitative resonance behaviors and neurological evidence suggests the presence of some form of mirroring system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The method by which heritable behavior works is through a neurological system. (seanet.com)
  • Feels right" is the same thing as saying that each heritable behavior has a complex neurological system to insure it's promotion. (seanet.com)
  • Before that, it is not possible to diagnose echopraxia, because it is difficult to differentiate between imitative learning and automatic imitation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Premotor circuits help generate imitative behaviors and can be activated during observation of another animal's behavior, leading to speculation that these circuits participate in sensory learning that is important to imitation. (nih.gov)
  • The most common type of heritable behavior is involved with the animal's work. (seanet.com)
  • The Mirror Neuron System (MNS) plays a crucial role in action perception and imitative behavior, which is suggested to be impaired in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs). (nih.gov)
  • Imitative learning and emulation of physical and verbal actions are critical to early development (up to the age of two or three), but when these behaviors become reactions rather than a means for learning, they are considered echophenomena (copying behaviors). (wikipedia.org)
  • Her language for a while was just expressive, meaningless imitative sounds, she is extremely verbal. (usmessageboard.com)
  • Imitative learning is different from observational learning in that it requires a duplication of the behaviour exhibited by the model, whereas observational learning can occur when the learner observes an unwanted behaviour and its subsequent consequences and as a result learns to avoid that behaviour. (wikipedia.org)
  • In animals, observational learning is often based on classical conditioning, in which an instinctive behavior is elicited by observing the behavior of another (e.g. mobbing in birds), but other processes may be involved as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • Albert Bandura claims that children continually learn desirable and undesirable behavior through observational learning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Through observational learning, individual behaviors can spread across a culture through a process called diffusion chain . (wikipedia.org)
  • The importance of observational learning lies in helping individuals, especially children, acquire new responses by observing others' behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steroids are produced within discrete neural circuits ('neurosteroids') and can therefore influence behavior via local and acute actions within those circuits. (umass.edu)
  • Although normative standards continue to have some influence on the direction in which activities unfold, the interaction is characterized by relatively greater spontaneity, volatility, and transitoriness than it would be if the behavior of the participants were more securely anchored in recognized norms. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For example, a movie in which an actor smokes and receives a positive reward can instill a smoking-positive memory in viewers, which can influence future real-life behavior. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Besides meeting the goal of identifying the disorder, the diagnostic assessment provides important information on the child's relative strengths and weaknesses, identifies which maladaptive behavior and comorbid difficulties are present, clarifies the impact of the child's condition on the family, and benchmarks the developmental skills of the patient. (scielo.br)
  • Stimulus control of imitative responding was achieved when the reinforcing and non-reinforcing trainers for each trainee reversed those roles. (pacific.edu)
  • For an action to be an instance of imitative learning, an animal must observe and reproduce the specific pattern of movements produced by the model. (wikipedia.org)
  • Differing from previous results in the literature on the interaction between market dynamics and speculative behavior, rational agents can generate financial crises, even without the speculator contribution. (hindawi.com)
  • Differing from previous results which appeared in the literature on the interaction between market dynamics and speculative behavior, we show that rational agents can generate financial crises, even without the "help" of speculators. (hindawi.com)
  • Researchers sought to implement rational thought processes and considered rational behavior to be an inevitable by-product. (computer.org)
  • What initially attracted much interest to collective behavior was the element of drama almost invariably present in certain "mass" phenomena, whether in the form of novelty, bizarre behavior, exaggerated emotionality, violence, extremist ideology, or some kind of oddity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Yet tattoos still appear to be a marker for risk-taking behavior in adults. (blogspot.com)
  • Autism is a spectrum disorder, and although it is defined by a certain set of behaviors, children and adults with autism can exhibit any combination of these behaviors in any degree of severity. (healthyplace.com)
  • Motor circuits are required to encode a sensory model for imitative learning. (nih.gov)
  • These findings provide evidence that premotor circuits help encode sensory information about the behavioral model before shaping and executing imitative behaviors. (nih.gov)
  • Monkeys are able to mimic actions and behavior they see, but this does not allow them to eventually evolve into human beings. (harunyahya.com)
  • Two severely retarded children were trained to serve as imitative learning trainers for two profoundly retarded children. (pacific.edu)
  • Parents should highlight the depiction of unsafe behaviors and educate children in following safe practices. (aappublications.org)
  • This kind of imitative behavior is in the nature of young children, but it's very dangerous. (ibtimes.com)
  • In addition, she did not interact with other children and presented with restricted interest and repetitive stereotypical behavior. (springermedizin.de)
  • Our internship focuses on the investigation of these children during imitative and auditory tasks using EEG methodologies. (jhu.edu)
  • Walking on two legs with the arms hanging by our sides is distinctively and characteristically human behavior. (seanet.com)
  • As a basis for claiming that human beings are descended from apes, Darwinists point to the imitative ability of certain species of monkey. (harunyahya.com)
  • The cognitive priming theory proposes that particular stimuli provided by the media can activate related behavior in viewers [ 6 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The theory explains that the media can remind viewers of already acquired behavior. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Each child with autism spectrum disorder is likely to have a unique pattern of behavior and level of severity - from low functioning to high functioning. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Hence, what happens in collective behavior is spontaneous in that it is rarely the product of prior consensus or design. (encyclopedia.com)
  • On Tullock's work, I would just point to Peter Leeson's 'Coordination without command' and my 'Maximizing Behavior and Market Forces' which were both published in Public Choice in 2008, and discuss his work in relationship to spontaneous order theory. (coordinationproblem.org)
  • Instead of engineering effective, real-world behavior, classical AI emphasized computational intelligence. (computer.org)
  • Once the situation is "unfrozen" and orientations are no longer firmly anchored in conventions, participants begin to pay more attention to cues directly inferred from the behavior of others. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Imitative Behavior" by people in this website by year, and whether "Imitative Behavior" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (rush.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Imitative Behavior" by people in Profiles. (rush.edu)
  • In a study reported in the journal Current Biology, German and French researchers report on a heretofore undiscovered behavior pattern that also unites people with Williams syndrome: They do not seem inclined to stereotype those of minority ethnic or racial groups in the insidious and generally unacknowledged ways that most of the rest of us do. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • It is unclear how to balance the need to provide opportunities for species-appropriate behavior against potential risks of injury chimpanzees may inflict on each other. (usda.gov)
  • These heritable species-specific behaviors may be used to catalogue nearly every creature on Earth. (seanet.com)