Ilizarov Technique: A bone fixation technique using an external fixator (FIXATORS, EXTERNAL) for lengthening limbs, correcting pseudarthroses and other deformities, and assisting the healing of otherwise hopeless traumatic or pathological fractures and infections, such as chronic osteomyelitis. The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 Summer;52(1):1)Bone Lengthening: Increase in the longest dimension of a bone to correct anatomical deficiencies, congenital, traumatic, or as a result of disease. The lengthening is not restricted to long bones. The usual surgical methods are internal fixation and distraction.External Fixators: External devices which hold wires or pins that are placed through one or both cortices of bone in order to hold the position of a fracture in proper alignment. These devices allow easy access to wounds, adjustment during the course of healing, and more functional use of the limbs involved.Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Fractures, Ununited: A fracture in which union fails to occur, the ends of the bone becoming rounded and eburnated, and a false joint occurs. (Stedman, 25th ed)Tibial FracturesOsteogenesis, Distraction: Bone lengthening by gradual mechanical distraction. An external fixation device produces the distraction across the bone plate. The technique was originally applied to long bones but in recent years the method has been adapted for use with mandibular implants in maxillofacial surgery.Pseudarthrosis: A pathologic entity characterized by deossification of a weight-bearing long bone, followed by bending and pathologic fracture, with inability to form normal BONY CALLUS leading to existence of the "false joint" that gives the condition its name. (Dorland, 27th ed)Bone Diseases, DevelopmentalFibrous Dysplasia, Monostotic: FIBROUS DYSPLASIA OF BONE involving only one bone.Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Ectromelia: Gross hypo- or aplasia of one or more long bones of one or more limbs. The concept includes amelia, hemimelia, phocomelia, and sirenomelia.Leg Length Inequality: A condition in which one of a pair of legs fails to grow as long as the other, which could result from injury or surgery.Fractures, Open: Fractures in which there is an external wound communicating with the break of the bone.Fractures, Malunited: Union of the fragments of a fractured bone in a faulty or abnormal position. If two bones parallel to one another unite by osseous tissue, the result is a crossunion. (From Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 4th ed)Bone Wires: Steel wires, often threaded through the skin, soft tissues, and bone, used to fix broken bones. Kirschner wires or apparatus also includes the application of traction to the healing bones through the wires.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Fibula: The bone of the lower leg lateral to and smaller than the tibia. In proportion to its length, it is the most slender of the long bones.Forearm Injuries: Injuries to the part of the upper limb of the body between the wrist and elbow.Equinus Deformity: Plantar declination of the foot.Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary: The use of nails that are inserted into bone cavities in order to keep fractured bones together.Fractures, Bone: Breaks in bones.Femoral Fractures: Fractures of the femur.Bone Nails: Rods of bone, metal, or other material used for fixation of the fragments or ends of fractured bones.Dwarfism: A genetic or pathological condition that is characterized by short stature and undersize. Abnormal skeletal growth usually results in an adult who is significantly below the average height.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Growth Disorders: Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.Osteochondrodysplasias: Abnormal development of cartilage and bone.Achondroplasia: An autosomal dominant disorder that is the most frequent form of short-limb dwarfism. Affected individuals exhibit short stature caused by rhizomelic shortening of the limbs, characteristic facies with frontal bossing and mid-face hypoplasia, exaggerated lumbar lordosis, limitation of elbow extension, GENU VARUM, and trident hand. (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim, MIM#100800, April 20, 2001)Turner Syndrome: A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.Clubfoot: A deformed foot in which the foot is plantarflexed, inverted and adducted.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Talus: The second largest of the TARSAL BONES. It articulates with the TIBIA and FIBULA to form the ANKLE JOINT.Casts, Surgical: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.Foot Deformities, Acquired: Distortion or disfigurement of the foot, or a part of the foot, acquired through disease or injury after birth.Foot Deformities, Congenital: Alterations or deviations from normal shape or size which result in a disfigurement of the foot occurring at or before birth.Fetal Movement: Physical activity of the FETUS in utero. Gross or fine fetal body movement can be monitored by the mother, PALPATION, or ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Chondroblastoma: A usually benign tumor composed of cells which arise from chondroblasts or their precursors and which tend to differentiate into cartilage cells. It occurs primarily in the epiphyses of adolescents. It is relatively rare and represents less than 2% of all primary bone tumors. The peak incidence is in the second decade of life; it is about twice as common in males as in females. (From Dorland, 27th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1846)Arthrodesis: The surgical fixation of a joint by a procedure designed to accomplish fusion of the joint surfaces by promoting the proliferation of bone cells. (Dorland, 28th ed)ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Heel: The back (or posterior) of the FOOT in PRIMATES, found behind the ANKLE and distal to the TOES.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Skin Transplantation: The grafting of skin in humans or animals from one site to another to replace a lost portion of the body surface skin.Soft Tissue Injuries: Injuries of tissue other than bone. The concept is usually general and does not customarily refer to internal organs or viscera. It is meaningful with reference to regions or organs where soft tissue (muscle, fat, skin) should be differentiated from bones or bone tissue, as "soft tissue injuries of the hand".Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Videotape Recording: Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.
Treatment includes limb amputation or correction by Ilizarov method as a limb-sparing technique. Malformation of the facial ... method of earliest diagnosis, and treatments and related medical specialties. The progression of the condition is roughly as ...
In the 1950s, Gavriil Ilizarov of Kurgan, Soviet Union, devised and developed a new method for treating fractures, deformities ... He developed a technique based on closed reduction with guided percutaneous pin placement. Hoffmann's technique exemplified the ... Bone will gradually grow into the small gap created by this 'distraction' technique. In most cases it may be necessary for the ... Ilizarov apparatus Taylor Spatial Frame Hoffmann external fixation system Rail external fixator Distraction osteogenesis Bone ...
New techniques, involving artificial fractures, have been developed. Ilizarov's followers, Kaplunov and Yegorov, first used ... In complex cases of comminuted fractures, the Ilizarov apparatus method makes it possible to avoid squeezing the remnant ... Ilizarov began to solve the problems associated with such diseases using his own apparatus. The apparatus he initially used was ... Later, this technique was used elsewhere. Yegorov, Chernov, and Nekrasov subsequently wrote a book Orthopedic Cosmetology, the ...
The Ilizarov method is widely used to treat complex and/or open bone fractures. This method is preferred over conventional ... who pioneered the technique. Ilizarov used external fixation devices on patients to treat non-unions in the 1950s. Ilizarov ... CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) Svetlana Ilizarov (2006). "The Ilizarov Method: History and Scope". In S. Robert ... CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Svetlana Ilizarov (2006). "The Ilizarov Method: History and Scope". In S. Robert ...
Ilizarov.com English-language portal Ilizarov.org.uk William D. Terrell uses Ilizarov techniques with fixators. ... Historical Vignettes on How the Ilizarov Method Came to the West. Limb Lengthening.us Svetlana Ilizarov (2006). "The Ilizarov ... In the center the Ilizarov method of transosseous osteosynthesis is applied to lengthen or reshape limb bones. Ilizarov was the ... CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Association for the Study and Application of the Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) ILIZAROV ...
... and his methods were not adopted. The Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Ilizarov studied DO methods in over 15,000 people ... As of 2016 work was underway developing devices and techniques that would allow DO in more directions simultaneously. As of ... starting in the 1950s; he developed external fixation devices and methods to separate severed leg bones gradually, and using ...
Tension band wiring is a technique in which the bone fragments are transfixed by K-wires which are then also used as an anchor ... Fractures of the kneecap and the olecranon process of the elbow are commonly treated by this method. A wire is passed through ... They also form part of the Ilizarov apparatus. Threaded K-wires are manufactured. They are used in situations where backing out ...
This technique was pioneered in 1951 by the Russian physician Ilizarov, and is called the Ilizarov apparatus. It is capable of ... This method has also been shown to be cost effective as well as improve cosmetics.[citation needed] Tissue expansion has been ... Ilizarov apparatus. About Faces: Skin. NICDR National Institutes of Health on-line exhibit. Source of the images used. ... Tissue expansion is a technique used by plastic and restorative surgeons to cause the body to grow additional skin, bone, or ...
His Ilizarov apparatus is still used today as one of the distraction osteogenesis methods. Modern orthopedic surgery and ... It was only during the First World War that his techniques came to be used for injured soldiers on the battlefield. His nephew ... He developed the club-foot shoe for children born with foot deformities and various methods to treat curvature of the spine. ... Physicians from around the world came to Jones' clinic to learn his techniques. Along with Alfred Tubby, Jones founded the ...
Limb lengthening methods - Lisfranc fracture - Lisfranc joint - Lisfranc ligament - List of orthopedic implants - Lister's ... Evans technique - Evans-Jensen classification - Ewing's sarcoma - Exostosis - External fixation - Extraskeletal chondroma ... Ilizarov apparatus - Infantile cortical hyperostosis - Injury Severity Score - Internal fixation - Intervertebral disc ... Ponseti method - Porotic hyperostosis - Pott's fracture - Preiser disease - Proteus syndrome - Protrusio acetabuli - ...
Procedure Keller procedure Kocher manoeuvre Krukenberg procedure Latarjet procedure Mumford procedure Ponseti method Swanson's ... prosthesis Bryant's traction Charnley Retractor Darrach elevator Faraboeuf forceps Gigli saw Hohmann retractor Ilizarov ... procedure Cotrel-Dubousset instrumentation Cunningham Shoulder Reduction Darrach's procedure Darrah procedure Evans technique ...
His Ilizarov apparatus is still used today as one of the distraction osteogenesis methods. ... It was only during the First World War that his techniques came to be used for injured soldiers on the battlefield. His nephew ... Advances made in surgical technique during the 18th century, such as John Hunter's research on tendon healing and Percival Pott ... He developed the club-foot shoe for children born with foot deformities and various methods to treat curvature of the spine. ...
... invented the first vaccines against cholera and bubonic plague Gavriil Ilizarov, invented Ilizarov apparatus, developed ... for the new method of aerodynamic research, USSR State Prize recipient (1976) for the completion of flight testing of the Su-24 ... originated the techniques for creating ultrastrong magnetic fields, co-discovered a way to measure the magnetic field of an ... co-developed a method for measurement of stellar rotation, directed several observatories in the US Otto Wilhelm von Struve, ...
New methods of visualizing the activity of the brain, such as PET scans and CAT scans, began to exert their influence as well, ... In prehistoric times, technique and knowledge were passed from generation to generation in an oral tradition. For example, the ... Cambridge University Press 1978 Ilizarov Simon S., Sobisevich Alexey V. New feature: History of science now. The Russian ... Scientific method began developing in the Muslim world, where significant progress in methodology was made, beginning with the ...
Methods to correct for this shortcoming include the calculation of a volume that is approximated from the projected area ... DXA is, by far, the most widely used technique for bone measurements, since it is considered to be cheap, accessible, easy to ... Gilsanz, Vicente (1998). "Bone density in children: A review of the available techniques and indications". European Journal of ... DXA is not regulated like other radiation-based imaging techniques because of its low dosage. Each US state has a different ...
Bridge-enhanced ACL repair (A new technique was introduced in 2015: the "BEAR" procedure, short for bridge-enhanced ACL repair. ... The preferred method of preventing muscle loss is isometric exercises that put zero strain on the knee. Knee extension within ... This particular swimming technique encompasses all the muscles in the knee and will increase not only mobility but also the ... Modern fixation methods avoid graft slippage and produce similarly stable outcomes with easier rehabilitation, less anterior ...
Choice of surgical method and anesthetic technique aims to reduce the risk of complications, shorten the time needed for ... He greatly advanced knowledge of venereal disease and introduced many new techniques of surgery, including new methods for ... Shiffman, Melvin (2012). Cosmetic Surgery: Art and Techniques. Springer. p. 20. ISBN 978-3-642-21837-8. .. ... Prehistoric surgical techniques are seen in Ancient Egypt, where a mandible dated to approximately 2650 BC shows two ...
Depending on the severity of the deformities, the treatment may include the amputation of the foot or part of the leg, lengthening of the femur, extension prosthesis, or custom shoe lifts. Amputation usually requires the use of prosthesis. Another alternative is a rotationplasty procedure, also known as Van Ness surgery. In this situation the foot and ankle are surgically removed, then attached to the femur. This creates a functional "knee joint". This allows the patient to be fit with a below knee prosthesis vs a traditional above knee prosthesis. In less severe cases, the use of an Ilizarov apparatus can be successful in conjunction with hip and knee surgeries (depending on the status of the femoral head/kneecap) to extend the femur length to normal ranges. This method of treatment can be problematic in that the Ilizarov might need to be applied both during early childhood (to keep the femur from being extremely short at ...
... or hypoplastic metatarsal is a condition in which there is one or more abnormally short or overlapping toes metatarsals. This condition may result due to a congenital defect or it may be an acquired condition. It most frequently involves the fourth metatarsal. If it involves the first metatarsal, the condition is known as Morton's syndrome. Treatment is via a number of differing surgical procedures. Congenital causes include: Aarskog syndrome, Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy, maternal ingestion of thalidomide during pregnancy and Apert syndrome. Can be caused by a trauma, although the exact mechanism is not known. Symptoms may be treated by wearing wider shoes to relieve pressure, or patient can wear padding around the toes. Surgery is also an option, if the pain and discomfort cannot be treated, or for cosmetic reasons. In this procedure, the short metatarsal is typically cut and a piece of bone is grafted between the two ends. In some cases an external fixator may be ...
The basics of equalization payments have been around since Canadian confederation when the federal government had most of the taxation powers. The federal government would make transfer payments to the provinces to cover their needs. There was no obligation that these transfer payments had to reflect the amount collected in each province and thus wealth was always redistributed. Equalization payments happen via the federal treasury. A formal system of equalization payments was first introduced in 1957. The idea was based on the proposals of American economist James M. Buchanan and they were introduced mainly to help the struggling Atlantic provinces who were seeing low rates of growth and high rate of emigration to central Canada. The original program had the goal of giving each province the same per capita revenue as the two wealthiest provinces, Ontario and British Columbia, in three tax bases: personal income taxes, corporate income taxes and succession duties (inheritance taxes). Five years ...
Depending on the severity of the deformities, the treatment may include the amputation of the foot or part of the leg, lengthening of the femur, extension prosthesis, or custom shoe lifts. Amputation usually requires the use of prosthesis. Another alternative is a rotationplasty procedure, also known as Van Ness surgery. In this situation the foot and ankle are surgically removed, then attached to the femur. This creates a functional "knee joint". This allows the patient to be fit with a below knee prosthesis vs a traditional above knee prosthesis. In less severe cases, the use of an Ilizarov apparatus can be successful in conjunction with hip and knee surgeries (depending on the status of the femoral head/kneecap) to extend the femur length to normal ranges. This method of treatment can be problematic in that the Ilizarov might need to be applied both during early childhood (to keep the femur from being extremely short at ...
The population geneticist Sewall Wright developed the fixation index (often abbreviated to FST) as a way of measuring genetic differences between populations. This statistic is often used in taxonomy to compare differences between any two given populations by measuring the genetic differences among and between populations for individual genes, or for many genes simultaneously.[56] It is often stated that the fixation index for humans is about 0.15. This translates to an estimated 85% of the variation measured in the overall human population is found within individuals of the same population, and about 15% of the variation occurs between populations. These estimates imply that any two individuals from different populations are almost as likely to be more similar to each other than either is to a member of their own group.[57][58] "The shared evolutionary history of living humans has resulted in a high relatedness among all living people, as indicated for example by the very low fixation index ...
... (1964) is a film by Andy Warhol featuring Taylor Mead, consisting entirely of a shot of Mead's buttocks, and filmed at The Factory. According to Watson's Factory Made: Warhol and the Sixties, Taylor Mead had achieved a degree of fame that "inspired a backlash." One example was a letter to the editors at The Village Voice in August 1964 which complained about "films focusing on Taylor Mead's ass for two hours." Mead replied in a letter to the publication that no such film was found in the archives, but "we are rectifying this undersight." Two days later, Warhol shot the "sixty-minute opus that consisted entirely of Taylor Mead's Ass," during which Mead first exhibits a variety of movement, then appears to "shove a variety of objects up his ass." The film was Mead's last for Warhol "for more than three years", at the end of 1964, "Mead felt betrayed by Warhol for not showing the film." The film was described as "seventy-six seriocomic minutes of this poet/actor's buttocks ...
Taylor was born in Miami and lived in South Florida with her parents and two older sisters. Taylor's foray into the modeling world was largely due to being supermodel Niki Taylor's younger sister. At age 11, Taylor began going to shoots with Niki, and photographers began to include her in photos. Her first shoot with sister Niki appeared in Seventeen. She soon signed with her sister's modeling agency in New York, IMG.[1] At age 13, after accompanying Niki to castings for the Fall Shows in Milan, the designers impulsively fitted Taylor, and she walked the runways alongside Naomi Campbell, Christy Turlington, and Claudia Schiffer. Thereafter, Taylor began getting calls to work solo. Taylor had amassed an impressive résumé of credits, including ELLE, Italian Glamour, YM, Cosmopolitan, and Vogue. She had 13 covers to her credit, and appeared on Entertainment Tonight and MTV. She also did the 1994 Spring Collections in New York, landing eight shows, including Ralph Lauren.[1] Her last photo shoot ...
Coordinates: 56°09′32.3″N 120°41′16.0″W / 56.158972°N 120.687778°W / 56.158972; -120.687778 The District of Taylor is a small town in northeastern British Columbia, Canada, located on mile 36 of the Alaska Highway. Taylor, a member municipality of the Peace River Regional District, covers an area of about 17.09 km² with 1,373 residents. As it is just south of the much larger city of Fort St. John, there is a sizable amount of commuting and interaction between the two. The town sits on a terrace 60 m above the north bank of the Peace River. The first settler on the flat was a trapper named Herbert Taylor in 1911. The town incorporated in 1958 with industrial business beginning to locate there. Since then, Taylor has remained a small town, even though it has developed a large industrial base. It has become home to the annual World's Invitational Class 'A' Gold Panning Championships and was featured on the CBC Television program Village on a Diet. The town, and the Taylor ...
After the Alberta Liberals lost more seats in the 2008 general election Kevin Taft resigned as leader. Taylor was the Deputy leader of the party at the time and was the first to announce intentions to run for the Liberal leadership. He believed that the Alberta Liberal party had a lot to build on, and he hoped as leader to have opportunity to get the sixty percent of Albertans that stay home on election day re-engaged in the political process. The leadership election was held on December 12, 2008 and David Swann was elected leader with 2,468 votes on the first ballot. Taylor won 1,616 votes finishing second and Mo Elsalhy won 491 votes finishing third. In April 2010, Taylor decided to leave the Liberal party and sit as an Independent. He claimed the move was because the Liberal party under Swann had become directionless and had failed to present Albertans with an attractive alternative to the Progressive Conservative party.[7][8] In January 2011, Taylor joined the fledgling Alberta Party, ...
The tibia /ˈtɪbiə/ (plural tibiae /ˈtɪbii/ or tibias), also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones. The tibia is found on the medial side of the leg next to the fibula and closer to the median plane or centre-line. The tibia is connected to the fibula by the interosseous membrane of the leg, forming a type of fibrous joint called a syndesmosis with very little movement. The tibia is named for the flute tibia. It is the second largest bone in the human body next to the femur. The leg bones are the strongest long bones as they support the rest of the body. In human anatomy, the tibia is the second largest bone next to the femur. As in other vertebrates the tibia is one of two bones in the lower leg, the other being the fibula, and is a component of the knee and ankle joints. The leg bones (femur, tibia and fibula) are the strongest long ...
The antero-lateral border begins above in front of the head, runs vertically downward to a little below the middle of the bone, and then curving somewhat lateralward, bifurcates so as to embrace a triangular subcutaneous surface immediately above the lateral malleolus. This border gives attachment to an intermuscular septum, which separates the extensor muscles on the anterior surface of the leg from the peronaei longus and brevis on the lateral surface. The antero-medial border, or interosseous crest, is situated close to the medial side of the preceding, and runs nearly parallel with it in the upper third of its extent, but diverges from it in the lower two-thirds. It begins above just beneath the head of the bone (sometimes it is quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm. below the head), and ends at the apex of a rough triangular surface immediately above the articular facet of the lateral malleolus. It serves for the attachment of the interosseous membrane, which separates the extensor muscles in ...
There are two menisci in the knee. They sit between the thigh bone and the shin bone. While the ends of the thigh bone and the shin bone have a thin covering of soft hyaline cartilage, the menisci are made of tough fibrocartilage and conform to the surfaces of the bones they rest on. One meniscus rests on the medial tibial plateau; this is the medial meniscus. The other meniscus rests on the lateral tibial plateau; this is the lateral meniscus.[citation needed] These menisci act to distribute body weight across the knee joint. Without the menisci, the weight of the body would be unevenly applied to the bones in the legs (the femur and tibia). This uneven weight distribution would cause the development of abnormal excessive forces leading to early damage of the knee joint. The menisci also contribute to the stability of the joint.[citation needed] The menisci are nourished by small blood vessels but have a large area in the center with no direct blood supply (avascular). This presents a problem ...
The Tridactylidae are small members of the Orthoptera, most species being less than 10 mm in length, though some approach 20 mm. They have a wide, but patchy, distribution on all continents but Antarctica. Being so small and inconspicuously coloured, while living in shallow burrows in moist sandy soil, they are not generally familiar to non-entomologists. They have several unusual features, for example, the posterior femora are greatly enlarged, being strongly adapted for leaping; in some species those hind femora actually are larger than the abdomen.[2] Correspondingly, in support of their powerful jumping capabilities, the hind tibiae bear movable plates towards their distal ends. These vary in number according to the genus, and they are called natatory lamellae (meaning literally "swimming plates"). Ordinarily the insect keeps the plates closely pressed against its tibiae but it can fan them out for swimming, which most species can do very well, some even being able to dive and swim under ...
An apparatus and method for osteogenesis distraction of small alveolar bone is provided. The alveolar distraction osteogenesis ... A description of an Ilizarov distractor may be found in U.S. Pat. No. 4,615,338, issued to Ilizarov, et al. on Oct. 7, 1986 and ... Distraction osteogenesis refers to a technique for growing bone or osteogenesis material, as well as soft tissue, by separating ... According to another aspect of the present invention, a method for forming alveolar bone is provided. The method includes the ...
Methods. Twenty cases of deformities of lower limb managed with Ilizarov technique during period between March 2001 and ... Material and Methods. 20 limb deformities reporting to a referral service hospital managed by Ilizarov method during the period ... Correction of Lower Limb Deformities Using Ilizarovs Technique. VP Pathania, VSM,* AK Sharma,+ GR Joshi,# and John T John** ... Soft tissue contracture of the knee or ankle treated by the Ilizarov technique. Acta Orthop Scand. 1996;67(5):443-449. [PubMed] ...
Birmingham Hip Resurfacing Technique, a revolutionary new procedure is generally recommended for patients who suffer with hip ... In associated infections or with osteoporotic bone no other method can be used and the Ilizarov method is the only treatment of ... Surgical methods:. When conservative methods fall and deformity causes disability, surgical methods are used. Surgical ... Conservative Methods:. Conservative methods must always be tried first. These include methods such as- ...
The bone transport technique using the Ilizarov method has become the main treatment option for the reconstruction of bone ... The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and complications of bone transport technique using Ilizarov method ... The study was conducted on 282 patients who underwent bone transport procedures using Ilizarov method at our institution from ... The clinical outcomes were evaluated using Association for the Study and Application of the Method of Ilizarov criteria (ASAMI ...
Ilizarov.com English-language portal Ilizarov.org.uk William D. Terrell uses Ilizarov techniques with fixators. ... Historical Vignettes on How the Ilizarov Method Came to the West. Limb Lengthening.us Svetlana Ilizarov (2006). "The Ilizarov ... In the center the Ilizarov method of transosseous osteosynthesis is applied to lengthen or reshape limb bones. Ilizarov was the ... CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Association for the Study and Application of the Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) ILIZAROV ...
Treatment includes limb amputation or correction by Ilizarov method as a limb-sparing technique. Malformation of the facial ... method of earliest diagnosis, and treatments and related medical specialties. The progression of the condition is roughly as ...
The Ilizarov method produces a good clinical outcome and is a valuable treatment alternative in proximal tibial fractures of ... The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical and radiological results using the Ilizarov technique in both uni- and ... Thirty consecutive patients with isolated fractures of the proximal tibia were treated with the Ilizarov technique, 11 ... Minimally-invasive techniques using external fixation are an alternative. ...
Catagni M (1991) A.S.AM.I (Association for the Study and Application of Ilizarovs Method) Group: Fractures of the Leg (Tibia ... Tukiainen E, Asko-Seljavaara S (1993) Use of the Ilizarov technique after a free microvascular muscle flap transplantation in ... Tucker HL, Kendra JC, Kinnebrew TE (1992) Management of unstable open and closed fractures using the Ilizarov Method. Clin ... not easily achievable by other methods of fixation. The Ilizarov device is minimally invasive with little interference in the ...
Ilizarovs Method and New approaches in limb lengthening Mehmet Cakmak, M.D. et al. [Support Group] [Illustrated] CENTRE FOR ... Over the last 10 years, more than 1400 operations in almost 1000 patients have been done using the Ilizarov Techniques at this ... The Ilizarov fixator, a circular frame and tensioned wires, has many benefits that accelerate bone union through early weight ...
Ilizarov Technique - Method used for complex ankle-foot deformity. Ilizarov frames, the circular structure placed around the ... Ponseti Method - Applies certain techniques to reduce and correct the deformity to promote normal foot mobility and position. ... The corrected foot may return to its deformed state if the parents or primary caregiver fails to apply the methods to further ... limb, are used in this technique which are attached to metal pins and are inserted through the bone. A frame is individually ...
Rozbruch SR, Ilizarov S, Blyakher A. Knee arthrodesis with simultaneous lengthening using the Ilizarov method. J Orthop Trauma ... Arthrodesis of the knee after an infected arthroplasty using the Ilizarov method. J Bone Joint Surg [Br] 2001;83(1):50-4. doi: ... Knee arthrodesis after infected total knee arthroplasty using the Ilizarov method. Clin Orthop. 2001;389:143-9. doi: 10.1097/ ... We favoured using the Ilizarov method with bone transport because of its versatility, its ability to provide excellent ...
Meaning of ilizarov technique. What does ilizarov technique mean? Information and translations of ilizarov technique in the ... Definition of ilizarov technique in the Definitions.net dictionary. ... The method was devised by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov (1921-1992). (From Bull Hosp Jt Dis 1992 ... Alternative searches for ilizarov technique:. *Search for Synonyms for ilizarov technique. *Search for Anagrams for ilizarov ...
Ilizarov method for bone lengthening and defect management: review of contemporary literature ... a technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to ... A method of lengthening bones by making a series of controlled fractures which are then spread to desired locations and held in ... A technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to ...
Compared to other alternatives such as the Wagner technique, the Ilizarov method requires only one surgical procedure and ... Use of the Ilizarov method to correct lower limb deformities in children and adolescents. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2004;12(3):144 ... The Ilizarov method (callous distraction) in the treatment of open fractures of the tibia. J Ky Med Assoc. 1992;90(2):74-77. ... Ilizarov technique in the treatment of chronic osteomyelitis caused by Vibrio alginolyticus. Croat Med J. 2002;43(3):346-349. ...
... and comparing the data with patients who underwent POP boot technique.. Patients and Methods. The retrospective chart review ... Further there is no comparative review of these two techniques in literature (Ilizarov versus modified POP boot technique). The ... Conclusion: While Ilizarov technique is recommended for patients with extensive wounds along the heel and foot, obese patients ... The Ilizarov fixator for heel flap protection is a safe and effective technique for use in carefully selected patients. In ...
Chapter: Limb Lengthening Using the Ilizarov Method or a Monoplanar Fixator.. Roger F. Widmann, Emily R Dodwell, and Arkady ... JBJS Essential Surgical Techniques. 2012;2(4):e23 1-13 Off-Label Use of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins in Pediatric Spinal ... The Ponseti Method for Clubfoot Correction: An Overview for Parents*Hip Dysplasia: Why Parents Should Swaddle with Care*Study ... Operative Techniques in Pediatric Orthopaedics. Eds John M. Flynn MD, Sam W. Wiesel MD (expected publication 2015). ...
Ilizarov, "The Principles of the Ilizarov Method," 48 Bull. of the Hospital for Joint Diseases Orthopaedic Institute, 48:1-11 ( ... 1-8 (1992) ("McCarthy et al."); and Ilizarov, "The Principles of the Ilizarov Method," 48 Bull. of the Hospital for Joint ... Method of craniofacial bone distraction US5769850A (en) 1996-10-16. 1998-06-23. Chin; Martin. Apparatus and method for ... II A Method of Distraction. The present invention also includes a method of distracting a first tissue region and a second ...
Computer-Assisted Planning and Guidance of the Ilizarov Method. The Ilizarov method is used to correct various bone deformities ... Tests were performed in vitro; to compare the accuracy of the computer-enhanced technique to the traditional technique, and an ... Computer-assisted Planning and Guidance of the Ilizarov Method with the Taylor Spatial Frame. Masters thesis, Queens ... to the Ilizarov method as used with the Taylor spatial frame. ... We have developed techniques and software for inverting the ...
Surgical techniques, including muscle grafts, the Ilizarov technique, and antibiotic bone cements, have been applied. However, ... This sensitive PCR-RFLP method can be useful when detection of Plasmodium species and P. vivax variants is required and may be ... We use abstracts found on PubMed and match them to JoVE videos to create a list of 10 to 30 related methods videos. ... JoVE Visualize is a tool created to match the last 5 years of PubMed publications to methods in JoVEs video library. ...
33.] Ilizarov GA. The principles of the Ilizarov method. Bull Hosp Jt Dis Orthop Inst. 1988;48(1):1-11. [PMID: 2840141] [34.] ... The recommendations for an osseo-locking technique as a potentially more biological method of in-bone implantation could be ... A model of loading/resistance with both methods is presented and depicted in Figure 4. [FIGURE 3 OMITTED] Consider the pylon (1 ... Novel technique for medullary canal debridement in tibia and femur osteomyelitis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2007;461:31-34. [PMID ...
Lengthening of the congenital short femur using the Ilizarov technique: a single-surgeon series. J Bone Joint Surg Br Jul 2009; ... 1. Aronson J. Limb-lengthening, skeletal reconstruction, and bone transport with the Ilizarov method. J Bone Joint Surg Am Aug ... Results of tibial lengthening with the Ilizarov technique. J Pediatr Orthop Mar-Apr 1996;16(2):168-72. [ Links ]. ... Simultaneous ipsilateral femoral and tibial lengthening with the Ilizarov method. J Pediatr Orthop May-Jun 1999;19(3):386-90 ...
... a separate module focused on deformity management using both acute and gradual correction methods with Ilizarov techniques. The ... IGOT accomplishes this through a variety of methods. One example is the annual Bay Area Global Health Film Festival, a film ... The GSE pillar aims to disseminate knowledge and enhance surgical technique in all fields of orthopedic surgery with an ... Primary prevention is commonly touted as the most effective and cost conscious method to reduce disease, and trauma is no ...
Memorial Sloan Kettering has taken the lead in applying a limb-lengthening technique in people with bone cancer to restore long ... The Ilizarov technique is orthopod magic IMHO. Invented by Russki Prof Ilizarov and first employed on Russian soldiers in WW2. ... Had my lower left leg lengthened by 2.5" via the Ilizarov method - after some traumatic terrorist-induced injuries in the ... The method is ideally suited to restoring the limb after tumor removal. "Currently, this isnt done regularly in the United ...
The combined use of the Ilizarov method and microsurgical techniques for limb salvage. Ann Plast Surg 2009; 62: 486-91.. 9. ... the Ilizarov method is particularly valuable. The choice in such patients may be between limb salvage using the Ilizarov method ... Ilizarov S. The Ilizarov method: history and scope. In: Rozbruch SR, Ilizarov S, eds. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction ... Reconstruction using the method of Ilizarov as an alternative. Orthop Clin North Am 1990; 21: 629-37.. 13. Maini L, Chadha M, ...
... either with intramedullary nailing devices or with Ilizarov technique. Additionally, 40% (17/42) of participants often or ... one specific method is used by 45% (18/40), multiple methods by 20% (8/40), and none by 35% (14/40) of surgeons (Figure 2). In ... emphasized the importance of a reliable method to calculate for growth potential and recommend Paleys multiplier method. ... 2. Materials and Methods. A ten-minute web-based survey (Question Pro©) was distributed via email to 98 active orthopaedic ...
  • Conclusion Endoscopic plantar fascial release with calcaneal spur decompression (if present) is a minimal invasive, reliable technique and could be a viable alternative to more invasive procedures for management of resistant plantar fasciitis. (eg.net)
  • Conclusion: Hybrid external fixator is an effective method for treatment of distal femoral open comminuted fractures (type C2 and C3) and may be considered as an alternative surgical methods in the management of these fractures. (scirp.org)
  • Conclusion Dynamic FR monitoring methods are preferable to static methods. (eg.net)
  • Professor Dr. Md. Mofakhkharul Bari has been awarded the most dignified degree as "Honored Professor" in 14th June 2013 in Kurgan Ilizarov Centre in Russia, the largest Orthopaedic Institute in the world, symbolizing the globally reputed medical Scientist (Orthopaedics) in recognition to his outstanding professional expertise. (medcraveonline.com)
  • Professor Garvill Abhramovich Ilizarov invented and developed this extremely versatile circular ring fixator in the remote Russian city of Kurgan in Western Siberia in the early 50s. (apollohospitals.com)
  • After finishing the school in 1944 Ilizarov was sent to a rural hospital in Dolgovka, a village in Kurgan Oblast in Siberia, 2000 km east of Moscow. (wikipedia.org)
  • The conference was attended by 290 delegates, including 90 nurses of the Ilizarov clinic as well as representatives of 26 medical institutions of Kurgan, 28 hospitals, ambulatories of the region, professors of St.Petersburg Center for Postgraduate Study, faculty of Nursing Management of Russian University of People Friendship Medical School, specialists from Tymen, Ryazan, Moscow. (ilizarov.ru)
  • The I Interregional Sambo Tournament in memory of Merited doctor of Russia, awarded thrice with the Order of Lenin, with the Order of the Red Banner of Labour, Hero of Socialist Labour academician Gavriil Ilizarov was held on the 7th of September in Kurgan. (ilizarov.ru)
  • The Consul-General learnt about medical tourism developed in the Ilizarov Center and patients who came from Great Britain for reconstructive orthopedic treatment to the world-known Kurgan clinic. (ilizarov.ru)
  • Thirty consecutive patients with isolated fractures of the proximal tibia were treated with the Ilizarov technique, 11 Schatzker I-IV with 2-3 rings and 19 Schatzker V-VI with 3-4 tibial rings and a femoral, hinged, two-ring extension. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Dendrinos GK, Kontos S, Lyritsis E. Use of the Ilizarov technique for treatment of non-union of the tibia associated with infection. (mbmj.org)
  • The treatment of infected nonunions and segmental defects of the tibia by the methods of Ilizarov. (mbmj.org)
  • El-Rosasy M, Mahmoud A, El-Gebaly O, Lashin A, Rodriguez-Collazo E. Debridement Technique and Dead Space Management For Infected Non-Union of the Tibia. (ijops.com)
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-two patients underwent 56 tibia lengthenings and 14 ipsilateral femoral lengthenings. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Ilizarov method beautifully addresses the formidable issue of infected non union of tibia with good outcome in terms of bone healing and infection eradication. (who.int)
  • Patients and methods We retrospectively reviewed the records and radiographs of 56 unstable fractures of the tibia in 54 children treated between March 2006 and May 2010. (eg.net)
  • Before coming to Ilizarov, Brumel spent about three years for unsuccessful treatments in various clinics and underwent seven invasive and 25 non-invasive surgeries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The set of mini-Ilizarov fixator parts and instrumentation for surgeries is neither complex nor costly. (medcraveonline.com)
  • In cases of vertical bone loss of the posterior mandibular region, both surgeries currently represent the best choice for bone gain prior dental implants placement for oral rehabilitation, without technical challenges, although biological evidence to assure the superiority of one technique over the other must be further investigated. (bvsalud.org)
  • A girl from Qatar with congenital malformation of leg undergone 8 unsuccessful surgeries before her parents found out the opportunity of treatment in the Ilizarov Center. (ilizarov.ru)
  • Four spinal surgeries applying a new technique of vertebrae pedicle lengthening were performed by an international team of surgeons including the author of the method. (ilizarov.ru)
  • Ilizarov bone transport after massive tibial trauma: Case report. (mbmj.org)
  • Young surgeons of the Ilizarov Center participated in the VI International Olympic Games for resident doctors of trauma and orthopedics specialty that was held in Smolensk, June, 21-22. (ilizarov.ru)
  • An intensive care unit for senile patients was opened in the trauma-orthopedic department #2 specialized on patients of the age from 60 to 97 years old (it is the age of the oldest patient of the Ilizarov Center by now). (ilizarov.ru)
  • To reduce soft tissue trauma during surgery and fix these fractures, different surgical techniques have been developed. (scirp.org)
  • The insights which the Russian surgeon Gavril Ilizarov gained rather accidentally in the 1950s are standard knowledge today and clinical practice would be unthinkable without it. (klsmartin.com)
  • This technique was invented by the Russian orthopedic surgeon Gavril Ilizarov in the 1950s and has been used with increasing popularity in the US since 1984. (readabstracts.com)