Pituitary Gland: A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk which is called the INFUNDIBULUM.Sella Turcica: A bony prominence situated on the upper surface of the body of the sphenoid bone. It houses the PITUITARY GLAND.Pituitary Diseases: Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.Pituitary Gland, Posterior: Neural tissue of the pituitary gland, also known as the neurohypophysis. It consists of the distal AXONS of neurons that produce VASOPRESSIN and OXYTOCIN in the SUPRAOPTIC NUCLEUS and the PARAVENTRICULAR NUCLEUS. These axons travel down through the MEDIAN EMINENCE, the hypothalamic infundibulum of the PITUITARY STALK, to the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland.Sphenoid Bone: An irregular unpaired bone situated at the SKULL BASE and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones (FRONTAL BONE; TEMPORAL BONE; OCCIPITAL BONE). Sphenoid bone consists of a median body and three pairs of processes resembling a bat with spread wings. The body is hollowed out in its inferior to form two large cavities (SPHENOID SINUS).Hypophysectomy: Surgical removal or destruction of the hypophysis, or pituitary gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)Cavernous Sinus: An irregularly shaped venous space in the dura mater at either side of the sphenoid bone.Pituitary Gland, Anterior: The anterior glandular lobe of the pituitary gland, also known as the adenohypophysis. It secretes the ADENOHYPOPHYSEAL HORMONES that regulate vital functions such as GROWTH; METABOLISM; and REPRODUCTION.Pituitary-Adrenal Function Tests: Tests that evaluate the adrenal glands controlled by pituitary hormones.Hypothalamus: Ventral part of the DIENCEPHALON extending from the region of the OPTIC CHIASM to the caudal border of the MAMMILLARY BODIES and forming the inferior and lateral walls of the THIRD VENTRICLE.Pituitary Gland, Intermediate: The intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland. It shows considerable size variation among the species, small in humans, and large in amphibians and lower vertebrates. This lobe produces mainly MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES and other peptides from post-translational processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC).Sheep: Any of the ruminant mammals with curved horns in the genus Ovis, family Bovidae. They possess lachrymal grooves and interdigital glands, which are absent in GOATS.Prevotella intermedia: A species of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria originally classified within the BACTEROIDES genus. This bacterium is a common commensal in the gingival crevice and is often isolated from cases of gingivitis and other purulent lesions related to the mouth.Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones: Peptides with the ability to stimulate pigmented cells MELANOCYTES in mammals and MELANOPHORES in lower vertebrates. By stimulating the synthesis and distribution of MELANIN in these pigmented cells, they increase coloration of skin and other tissue. MSHs, derived from pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), are produced by MELANOTROPHS in the INTERMEDIATE LOBE OF PITUITARY; CORTICOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR LOBE OF PITUITARY, and the hypothalamic neurons in the ARCUATE NUCLEUS OF HYPOTHALAMUS.beta-Lipotropin: A 90-amino acid peptide derived from post-translational processing of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) in the PITUITARY GLAND and the HYPOTHALAMUS. It is the C-terminal fragment of POMC with lipid-mobilizing activities, such as LIPOLYSIS and steroidogenesis. Depending on the species and the tissue sites, beta-LPH may be further processed to yield active peptides including GAMMA-LIPOTROPIN; BETA-MSH; and ENDORPHINS.Domperidone: A specific blocker of dopamine receptors. It speeds gastrointestinal peristalsis, causes prolactin release, and is used as antiemetic and tool in the study of dopaminergic mechanisms.Hyalin: A clear, homogenous, structureless, eosinophilic substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Cryptorchidism: A developmental defect in which a TESTIS or both TESTES failed to descend from high in the ABDOMEN to the bottom of the SCROTUM. Testicular descent is essential to normal SPERMATOGENESIS which requires temperature lower than the BODY TEMPERATURE. Cryptorchidism can be subclassified by the location of the maldescended testis.Testis: The male gonad containing two functional parts: the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES for the production and transport of male germ cells (SPERMATOGENESIS) and the interstitial compartment containing LEYDIG CELLS that produce ANDROGENS.Seminiferous Tubules: The convoluted tubules in the TESTIS where sperm are produced (SPERMATOGENESIS) and conveyed to the RETE TESTIS. Spermatogenic tubules are composed of developing germ cells and the supporting SERTOLI CELLS.Endocrine System Diseases: Pathological processes of the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, and diseases resulting from abnormal level of available HORMONES.Spermatogenesis: The process of germ cell development in the male from the primordial germ cells, through SPERMATOGONIA; SPERMATOCYTES; SPERMATIDS; to the mature haploid SPERMATOZOA.Spermatocytes: Male germ cells derived from SPERMATOGONIA. The euploid primary spermatocytes undergo MEIOSIS and give rise to the haploid secondary spermatocytes which in turn give rise to SPERMATIDS.Pseudotumor Cerebri: A condition marked by raised intracranial pressure and characterized clinically by HEADACHES; NAUSEA; PAPILLEDEMA, peripheral constriction of the visual fields, transient visual obscurations, and pulsatile TINNITUS. OBESITY is frequently associated with this condition, which primarily affects women between 20 and 44 years of age. Chronic PAPILLEDEMA may lead to optic nerve injury (see OPTIC NERVE DISEASES) and visual loss (see BLINDNESS).BerlinAcromegaly: A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excessive HUMAN GROWTH HORMONE in adults. It is characterized by bony enlargement of the FACE; lower jaw (PROGNATHISM); hands; FEET; HEAD; and THORAX. The most common etiology is a GROWTH HORMONE-SECRETING PITUITARY ADENOMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1992, Ch36, pp79-80)Pamphlets: Printed publications usually having a format with no binding and no cover and having fewer than some set number of pages. They are often devoted to a single subject.Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial: Neoplasms composed of neuroepithelial cells, which have the capacity to differentiate into NEURONS, oligodendrocytes, and ASTROCYTES. The majority of craniospinal tumors are of neuroepithelial origin. (From Dev Biol 1998 Aug 1;200(1):1-5)GermanyOptic Nerve Diseases: Conditions which produce injury or dysfunction of the second cranial or optic nerve, which is generally considered a component of the central nervous system. Damage to optic nerve fibers may occur at or near their origin in the retina, at the optic disk, or in the nerve, optic chiasm, optic tract, or lateral geniculate nuclei. Clinical manifestations may include decreased visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, impaired color vision, and an afferent pupillary defect.YY1 Transcription Factor: A ubiquitously expressed zinc finger-containing protein that acts both as a repressor and activator of transcription. It interacts with key regulatory proteins such as TATA-BINDING PROTEIN; TFIIB; and ADENOVIRUS E1A PROTEINS.Visual Field Tests: Method of measuring and mapping the scope of vision, from central to peripheral of each eye.Glaucoma: An ocular disease, occurring in many forms, having as its primary characteristics an unstable or a sustained increase in the intraocular pressure which the eye cannot withstand without damage to its structure or impairment of its function. The consequences of the increased pressure may be manifested in a variety of symptoms, depending upon type and severity, such as excavation of the optic disk, hardness of the eyeball, corneal anesthesia, reduced visual acuity, seeing of colored halos around lights, disturbed dark adaptation, visual field defects, and headaches. (Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Histone Deacetylase 1: A histone deacetylase subtype that is found along with HISTONE DEACETYLASE 2; RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 4; and RETINOBLASTOMA-BINDING PROTEIN 7 as core components of histone deacetylase complexes.Enviomycin: Cyclic basic peptide related to VIOMYCIN. It is isolated from an induced mutant of Streptomyces griseoverticillatus var. tuberacticus and acts as an antitubercular agent with less ototoxicity than tuberactinomycin.Vision Disorders: Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Toes: Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.Marsupialia: An infraclass of MAMMALS, also called Metatheria, where the young are born at an early stage of development and continue to develop in a pouch (marsupium). In contrast to Eutheria (placentals), marsupials have an incomplete PLACENTA.Armadillos: Burrowing, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the family Dasypodidae having bodies and heads encased in small bony plates. They are widely distributed in the warmer parts of the Americas.Trichechus manatus: Member of the genus Trichechus inhabiting the coast and coastal rivers of the southeastern United States as well as the West Indies and the adjacent mainland from Vera Cruz, Mexico to northern South America. (From Scott, Concise Encyclopedia Biology, 1996)Whales: Large marine mammals of the order CETACEA. In the past, they were commercially valued for whale oil, for their flesh as human food and in ANIMAL FEED and FERTILIZERS, and for baleen. Today, there is a moratorium on most commercial whaling, as all species are either listed as endangered or threatened.Xenarthra: An order of New World mammals characterized by the absence of incisors and canines from among their teeth, and comprising the ARMADILLOS, the SLOTHS, and the anteaters. The order is distinguished from all others by what are known as xenarthrous vertebrae (xenos, strange; arthron, joint): there are secondary, and sometimes even more, articulations between the vertebrae of the lumbar series. The order was formerly called Edentata. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, vol. I, p515)Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.American Cancer Society: A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of cancer through education and research.Thyroid Gland: A highly vascularized endocrine gland consisting of two lobes joined by a thin band of tissue with one lobe on each side of the TRACHEA. It secretes THYROID HORMONES from the follicular cells and CALCITONIN from the parafollicular cells thereby regulating METABOLISM and CALCIUM level in blood, respectively.Thyroid Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.Thyroid Hormones: Natural hormones secreted by the THYROID GLAND, such as THYROXINE, and their synthetic analogs.Thyroid Diseases: Pathological processes involving the THYROID GLAND.Thyroid Nodule: A small circumscribed mass in the THYROID GLAND that can be of neoplastic growth or non-neoplastic abnormality. It lacks a well-defined capsule or glandular architecture. Thyroid nodules are often benign but can be malignant. The growth of nodules can lead to a multinodular goiter (GOITER, NODULAR).
Hypophysis[edit]. The anatomist Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring coined the name hypophysis.[12] This name consists[12][18] of ὑπό ... In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams ... The hypophysis rests upon the hypophysial fossa of the sphenoid bone in the center of the middle cranial fossa and is ... The expression glandula pituitaria is still used as official synonym beside hypophysis in the official Latin nomenclature ...
The hypophysis cerebri (pituitary body). The dorsal roots and ganglia of the hypoglossus nerve. The rami recurrentes of certain ...
The hypophysis are as long as the urn. The capsules' are the most conspicuous part of the plants, and are long exserted above ...
Indeed, the nostril also opens into the hypophysis. This is not necessarily, however, a primitive trait, but one that may have ...
ISBN 1-58829-922-8. Bleibtreu L (1905). "Ein Fall von Akromegalia (Zerstorung der Hypophysis durch Blutung)". Munch Med ... with special reference to the lesions in the hypophysis cerebri and in the thyroid gland; and a case of haemorrhage into the ...
Ein Fall von Tumor der Hypophysis cerebri ohne Akromegalie. Wiener klinische Rundschau, 1901, 15: 833-836; 906-908. Zárate A, ...
Median sagittal through the hypophysis of an adult monkey. Semidiagrammatic. Third ventricle Third ventricle Biology of ...
The last of the suspensors at the end of the embryo is known as hypophysis. Hypophysis later gives rise to the radicle and root ...
... is the surgical removal of the hypophysis (pituitary gland). It is most commonly performed to treat tumors, ... It is also applied in neurosciences (in experiments with lab animals) to understand the functioning of hypophysis. Medications ...
His research focused in the study of the hypothalamus and the hypophysis. In 1982/83 he was the first surgeon to implant an ...
... hypophysis). The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes including stress, growth, reproduction and ...
Oboussier, H. (1970). "Information on Alcelaphini (Bovidae-Mammalia) with special reference to the brain and hypophysis. ...
"Immunohistochemical distribution of delta sleep inducing peptide in the rabbit brain and hypophysis". Neuroendocrinology. 49 (2 ...
When this plan does not fully work, Kilgore abducts Deadpool and extracts his hypophysis. Kilgore digests it, so as to give ...
The Hypophysis and Secretion of Insulin. Journal of Experimental Medicine, New York, 1942, 75: 547-566. Houssay, B. A.; Foglia ... Prize for Alberto Bernardo Houssay for discovery on the role of the hypophysis in carbohydrate metabolism". Wiadomosci ... Houssay demonstrated in the 1930s the diabetogenic effect anterior hypophysis extracts and the decrease in diabetes severity ... The Role of the Hypophysis in Carbohydrate Metabolism and in Diabetes. Nobel Prize lecture, 1947. ...
Prize for Alberto Bernardo Houssay for discovery on the role of the hypophysis in carbohydrate metabolism.", Wiad. Lek. ( ...
In the first vertebrae there are very large secondary protuberances on both sides of the hypophysis. The central and posterior ...
Prize for Alberto Bernardo Houssay for discovery on the role of the hypophysis in carbohydrate metabolism". Wiadomosci ...
Prize for Alberto Bernardo Houssay for discovery on the role of the hypophysis in carbohydrate metabolism". Wiadomosci ...
Cushing H: The Pituitary Body and its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebra. Philadelphia ...
The pituitary gland or hypophysis is often referred to as the "master gland" of the human body. Part of the hypothalamic- ...
The third domain, the basal embryo domain, contains the hypophysis. The hypophysis will later give rise to the radicle and the ... The large basal cell is on the bottom and consists of a large vacuole[6] and gives rise to the hypophysis[4] and the suspensor[ ... Look up hypophysis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.. - http://www.umanitoba.ca/afs/plant_science/COURSES/39_768/l15/l15.1. ...
Hypophysectomy is the surgical removal of the pituitary gland or hypophysis such as when presented with a tumor. Hysterectomy ...
... which holds the hypophysis. Areolar glands, sebaceous glands surrounding the nipple This article incorporates text in the ...
... is due to the secretion of the hormone prolactin by the anterior lobe of the hypophysis. Prolactin injection in hens ... a hormone that stimulates ovarian follicles which is produced in the frontal lobe of hypophysis. Castrated males can go broody ...
Definition of hypophysis cerebri. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
Perry, R.A., Robinson, P.M. & Ryan, G.B. Ultrastructure of the pars intermedia of the adult sheep hypophysis. Cell Tissue Res. ... Ultrastructure of the pars intermedia of the adult sheep hypophysis. *R. A. Perry. 1. , ... Green JD (1951) The comparative anatomy of the hypophysis, with special reference to its blood supply and innervation. Am J ... The pars intermedia appeared to be less vascular than the remainder of the hypophysis and only occasional fenestrated ...
THE STRUCTURE AND DIFFERENTIATION OF THE SPECIFIC CELLULAR ELEMENTS OF THE PARS INTERMEDIA OF THE HYPOPHYSIS OF THE DOMESTIC ... THE STRUCTURE AND DIFFERENTIATION OF THE SPECIFIC CELLULAR ELEMENTS OF THE PARS INTERMEDIA OF THE HYPOPHYSIS OF THE DOMESTIC ... but here may be emphasized the fact that the fetal pig hypophysis contains no hyaline bodies. Indeed they are rare in the adult ...
We welcome your input and comments. Please use this form to recommend updates to the information in ZFIN. We appreciate as much detail as possible and references as appropriate. We will review your comments promptly ...
Beitrag zur Syphilis des Gehirns und der Hypophysis und zur Differentialdiagnose zwischen der Tuberculose und Syphilis des ...
Here are your notes on Hypophysis Cerebri! The hypophysis cerebri or pituitary gland is an ovoid neuroglandular body suspended ... The gland consists of an anterior lobe or adeno-hypophysis and a posterior lobe or neuro-hypophysis. In develop-ment, structure ... Blood supply of hypophysis cerebri:. The anterior lobe is supplied by the superior hypo-physeal artery, a branch of internal ... The neuro-hypophysis consists of three parts- median eminence of tuber cinerium, infundibular stem and pars nervosa. The ...
Hypophysis[edit]. The anatomist Samuel Thomas von Sömmerring coined the name hypophysis.[12] This name consists[12][18] of ὑπό ... In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams ... The hypophysis rests upon the hypophysial fossa of the sphenoid bone in the center of the middle cranial fossa and is ... The expression glandula pituitaria is still used as official synonym beside hypophysis in the official Latin nomenclature ...
Adenohypophysis; Lobus anterior hypophysis ryšiai: platesnis terminas - hipofizinis maišelis siauresnis terminas - gumburinė ... priekinė hipofizės skiltis statusas T sritis embriologija atitikmenys: lot. Adenohypophysis; Lobus anterior hypophysis ryšiai: ... Adenohypophysis; Lobus anterior hypophysis ryšiai: platesnis terminas - hipofizinis maišelis siauresnis terminas - gumburinė ... Adenohypophysis; Lobus anterior hypophysis ryšiai: platesnis terminas - hipofizinis maišelis siauresnis terminas - gumburinė ...
View source for Paper - The development of the hypophysis cerebri, pre-oral gut, and related structures in the marsupialia. ... Return to Paper - The development of the hypophysis cerebri, pre-oral gut, and related structures in the marsupialia. ... Introduction== The following investigation of the development of the hypophysis cerebri in Marsupials was undertaken at the ... Paper - The development of the hypophysis cerebri, pre-oral gut, and related structures in the marsupialia ...
"Транскрипция и произношение слова hypophysis в британском и американском вариантах. Подробный перевод и примеры. ... hypophysis - транскрипция, произношение и перевод онлайн. Транскрипция и произношение слова "hypophysis" в британском и ... In any event, they lose contact with the hypophysis .. The intercavernous sinuses are small and they cross the median line at ... This gland, also termed the hypophysis cerebri, lies in a bony cavity, the sella turcica, so called because it was thought to ...
1935 Mammalian Hypophysis , 1926 Human Hypophysis , 1927 Hypophyseal fossa , 1932 Pineal Gland and Cysts , 1935 Hypophysis , ... those with a masculine hypophysis, incapable of producing luteinizer, and those with a feminine or neutral hypophysis which ... Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, January 28) Embryology Paper - Sexual differences of the hypophyses and their determination ... Sexual differences of the hypophyses and their determination by the gonads. (1936) Amer. J Anat. 58: 195-226. ...
Bovine thyroid gland) 6X, Hypophysis (Bovine pituitary gland) 8X, Distilled water, 20% Organic cane alcohol ...
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 grams ...
It is sometimes called the master gland of the body... Explanation of hypophyses ... Find out information about hypophyses. see pituitary gland pituitary gland, small oval endocrine gland that lies at the base of ... hypophysis. (redirected from hypophyses). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.. Related to hypophyses: hypophysis ... Hypophyses , Article about hypophyses by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/hypophyses ...
The pituitary gland (brain appendage) - is a small (weighing only 0.5-0.6 g) endocrine gland, located at the bottom of the skull in the Turkish sadd
Beitraege zur Normalen und Pathologischen Histologie der Menschlichen Hypophysis Cerebri.. 6 pages (pp. 1205-10) From: Berliner ...
hypophysis; suprarenal medulla. Mesoderm. epithelium of:. circulatory system. spleen; lymph nodes. urogenital system. ...
... hypophysis). The anterior pituitary regulates several physiological processes including stress, growth, reproduction and ...
Introduction: the hypophysis or pituitary gland is an unpaired gland located in the bony sella turcica of the sphenoid bone of ... which is involved in the formation of the glandular hypophysis in lower vertebrates, but which usually is not present in humans ... this stalk may persist and give rise to a pharyngeal hypophysis in the pharyngeal roof ...
Also called the hypophysis. • Located in sella turcica within sphenoid bone. • All pituitary hormones bind to membrane ...
Pituitary gland (hypophysis). Anterior pituitary lobe (adenohypophysis). Secreted hormone. Abbreviation. From cells. Effect ...
A serum-glycoprotein szint változása lynestrenollal kezelt patkányokban mellékvese-, gonád-, pajzsmirigy- és hypophysis-irtás ... A serum-glycoprotein szint változása lynestrenollal kezelt patkányokban mellékvese-, gonád-, pajzsmirigy- és hypophysis-irtás ...
Also called the hypophysis.. Prostaglandins -A group of hormone-like molecules that exert local effects on a variety of ...
Also called the hypophysis.. Resources. BOOKS. Cohen, Pinchas. "Hyperpituitarism, Tall Stature, and Overgrowth Syndromes." In ...
  • The morphology of the hypophysis in Bactrian camel has not been described in the literature , despite it being the master of endocrine organs in vertebrates . (bvsalud.org)
  • It (the hypophysis) develops embryonically in all vertebrates from two ectodermal evaginations that meet and unite. (bioontology.org)
  • The internal carotid artery supplies blood to the middle ear, brain, hypophysis , orbit, and choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle. (myefe.ru)
  • 2005) in mice and humans, and slightly in brain, heart and hypophysis in humans (Klopper et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • The hypophysis rests upon the hypophysial fossa of the sphenoid bone in the center of the middle cranial fossa and is surrounded by a small bony cavity ( sella turcica ) covered by a dural fold ( diaphragma sellae ). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the present study, we examined the morphological features of the hypophysis in Bactrian camel by means of gross anatomy , light and electron microscope. (bvsalud.org)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hypophysis in secondary adrenal insufficiency and computed tomography (CT) of the adrenal glands in primary adrenal insufficiency can aid in establishing a diagnosis. (news-medical.net)
  • The apical-most suspensor cell, called the hypophysis, becomes incorporated into the embryo proper. (iastate.edu)
  • SummaryImmuno-enzyme cytochemical investigations showed that the whole amphibian pars intermedia of the hypophysis is innervated by an intercellular network of peptidergic varicose nerve fibres which contain mesotocin or (and) parts of the mesotocin molecule. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Earlier on, his research group had already shown that the plant hormone auxine, which turns on the activator Monopteros, is also transported to the future hypophysis. (wur.nl)
  • The process begins with the programming of one cell as the 'hypophysis' which regulates stem cells in the roots. (wur.nl)
  • Both the hypophysis and apical cell derivatives contribute to the formation of the RAM. (iastate.edu)
  • By doing this, he discovered the gene TM07, with the codes for a small protein which is transported to the future hypophysis. (wur.nl)