Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Persistent high BLOOD PRESSURE due to KIDNEY DISEASES, such as those involving the renal parenchyma, the renal vasculature, or tumors that secrete RENIN.
Abnormal increase of resistance to blood flow within the hepatic PORTAL SYSTEM, frequently seen in LIVER CIRRHOSIS and conditions with obstruction of the PORTAL VEIN.
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
A condition in which the intraocular pressure is elevated above normal and which may lead to glaucoma.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The short wide vessel arising from the conus arteriosus of the right ventricle and conveying unaerated blood to the lungs.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus with elevated blood pressure used as a model for studying hypertension and stroke.
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
Techniques for measuring blood pressure.
A strain of Rattus norvegicus used as a normotensive control for the spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHR).
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
A steroid metabolite that is the 11-deoxy derivative of CORTICOSTERONE and the 21-hydroxy derivative of PROGESTERONE.
Enlargement of the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is often attributed to PULMONARY HYPERTENSION and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Sodium chloride used in foods.
Method in which repeated blood pressure readings are made while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It allows quantitative analysis of the high blood pressure load over time, can help distinguish between types of HYPERTENSION, and can assess the effectiveness of antihypertensive therapy.
The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.
A pyrrolizidine alkaloid and a toxic plant constituent that poisons livestock and humans through the ingestion of contaminated grains and other foods. The alkaloid causes pulmonary artery hypertension, right ventricular hypertrophy, and pathological changes in the pulmonary vasculature. Significant attenuation of the cardiopulmonary changes are noted after oral magnesium treatment.
The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An octapeptide that is a potent but labile vasoconstrictor. It is produced from angiotensin I after the removal of two amino acids at the C-terminal by ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME. The amino acid in position 5 varies in different species. To block VASOCONSTRICTION and HYPERTENSION effect of angiotensin II, patients are often treated with ACE INHIBITORS or with ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR BLOCKERS.
A BLOOD PRESSURE regulating system of interacting components that include RENIN; ANGIOTENSINOGEN; ANGIOTENSIN CONVERTING ENZYME; ANGIOTENSIN I; ANGIOTENSIN II; and angiotensinase. Renin, an enzyme produced in the kidney, acts on angiotensinogen, an alpha-2 globulin produced by the liver, forming ANGIOTENSIN I. Angiotensin-converting enzyme, contained in the lung, acts on angiotensin I in the plasma converting it to ANGIOTENSIN II, an extremely powerful vasoconstrictor. Angiotensin II causes contraction of the arteriolar and renal VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE, leading to retention of salt and water in the KIDNEY and increased arterial blood pressure. In addition, angiotensin II stimulates the release of ALDOSTERONE from the ADRENAL CORTEX, which in turn also increases salt and water retention in the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme also breaks down BRADYKININ, a powerful vasodilator and component of the KALLIKREIN-KININ SYSTEM.
A hormone secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX that regulates electrolyte and water balance by increasing the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium.
A condition caused by the overproduction of ALDOSTERONE. It is characterized by sodium retention and potassium excretion with resultant HYPERTENSION and HYPOKALEMIA.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
A condition marked by raised intracranial pressure and characterized clinically by HEADACHES; NAUSEA; PAPILLEDEMA, peripheral constriction of the visual fields, transient visual obscurations, and pulsatile TINNITUS. OBESITY is frequently associated with this condition, which primarily affects women between 20 and 44 years of age. Chronic PAPILLEDEMA may lead to optic nerve injury (see OPTIC NERVE DISEASES) and visual loss (see BLINDNESS).
Enlargement of the LEFT VENTRICLE of the heart. This increase in ventricular mass is attributed to sustained abnormal pressure or volume loads and is a contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Period of contraction of the HEART, especially of the HEART VENTRICLES.
A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.
Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Inbred rats derived from Sprague-Dawley rats and used for the study of salt-dependent hypertension. Salt-sensitive and salt-resistant strains have been selectively bred to show the opposite genetically determined blood pressure responses to excess sodium chloride ingestion.
A thiazide diuretic often considered the prototypical member of this class. It reduces the reabsorption of electrolytes from the renal tubules. This results in increased excretion of water and electrolytes, including sodium, potassium, chloride, and magnesium. It is used in the treatment of several disorders including edema, hypertension, diabetes insipidus, and hypoparathyroidism.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Narrowing or occlusion of the RENAL ARTERY or arteries. It is due usually to ATHEROSCLEROSIS; FIBROMUSCULAR DYSPLASIA; THROMBOSIS; EMBOLISM, or external pressure. The reduced renal perfusion can lead to renovascular hypertension (HYPERTENSION, RENOVASCULAR).
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A syndrome of persistent PULMONARY HYPERTENSION in the newborn infant (INFANT, NEWBORN) without demonstrable HEART DISEASES. This neonatal condition can be caused by severe pulmonary vasoconstriction (reactive type), hypertrophy of pulmonary arterial muscle (hypertrophic type), or abnormally developed pulmonary arterioles (hypoplastic type). The newborn patient exhibits CYANOSIS and ACIDOSIS due to the persistence of fetal circulatory pattern of right-to-left shunting of blood through a patent ductus arteriosus (DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS, PATENT) and at times a patent foramen ovale (FORAMEN OVALE, PATENT).
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Phenomenon where increased BLOOD PRESSURE readings taken in non-clinical settings (e.g., HOME BLOOD PRESSURE MONITORING) do not replicate in clinical settings.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A class of drugs whose main indications are the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. They exert their hemodynamic effect mainly by inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system. They also modulate sympathetic nervous system activity and increase prostaglandin synthesis. They cause mainly vasodilation and mild natriuresis without affecting heart rate and contractility.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
An alpha-globulin of about 453 amino acids, depending on the species. It is produced by the liver and secreted into blood circulation. Angiotensinogen is the inactive precursor of natural angiotensins. Upon successive enzyme cleavages, angiotensinogen yields angiotensin I, II, and III with amino acids numbered at 10, 8, and 7, respectively.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
A branch of the abdominal aorta which supplies the kidneys, adrenal glands and ureters.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.
A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.
A 21-amino acid peptide produced in a variety of tissues including endothelial and vascular smooth-muscle cells, neurons and astrocytes in the central nervous system, and endometrial cells. It acts as a modulator of vasomotor tone, cell proliferation, and hormone production. (N Eng J Med 1995;333(6):356-63)
The presence of albumin in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.
Pathological processes of the KIDNEY or its component tissues.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Agents that inhibit SODIUM CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS. They act as DIURETICS. Excess use is associated with HYPOKALEMIA.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Agents that antagonize ANGIOTENSIN II TYPE 1 RECEPTOR. Included are ANGIOTENSIN II analogs such as SARALASIN and biphenylimidazoles such as LOSARTAN. Some are used as ANTIHYPERTENSIVE AGENTS.
The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
A subtype of bone morphogenetic protein receptors with low affinity for BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEINS. They are constitutively active PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that can interact with and phosphorylate TYPE I BONE MORPHOGENETIC PROTEIN RECEPTORS.
The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A potent and specific inhibitor of PEPTIDYL-DIPEPTIDASE A. It blocks the conversion of ANGIOTENSIN I to ANGIOTENSIN II, a vasoconstrictor and important regulator of arterial blood pressure. Captopril acts to suppress the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM and inhibits pressure responses to exogenous angiotensin.
The blood pressure in the ARTERIES. It is commonly measured with a SPHYGMOMANOMETER on the upper arm which represents the arterial pressure in the BRACHIAL ARTERY.
Post-systolic relaxation of the HEART, especially the HEART VENTRICLES.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues. The standard approach is transthoracic.
A long-acting dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. It is effective in the treatment of ANGINA PECTORIS and HYPERTENSION.
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A prostaglandin that is a powerful vasodilator and inhibits platelet aggregation. It is biosynthesized enzymatically from PROSTAGLANDIN ENDOPEROXIDES in human vascular tissue. The sodium salt has been also used to treat primary pulmonary hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PULMONARY).
A cardioselective beta-1 adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.
Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.
An antagonist of ANGIOTENSIN TYPE 1 RECEPTOR with antihypertensive activity due to the reduced pressor effect of ANGIOTENSIN II.
Excision of kidney.
The circulation of the BLOOD through the vessels of the KIDNEY.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The main trunk of the systemic arteries.
The vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
A direct-acting vasodilator that is used as an antihypertensive agent.
The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.
The presence of proteins in the urine, an indicator of KIDNEY DISEASES.
An angiotensin receptor subtype that is expressed at high levels in a variety of adult tissues including the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM, the KIDNEY, the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM and the NERVOUS SYSTEM. Activation of the type 1 angiotensin receptor causes VASOCONSTRICTION and sodium retention.
A benzenesulfonamide-phthalimidine that tautomerizes to a BENZOPHENONES form. It is considered a thiazide-like diuretic.
An eicosanoid, derived from the cyclooxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism. It is a stable and synthetic analog of EPOPROSTENOL, but with a longer half-life than the parent compound. Its actions are similar to prostacyclin. Iloprost produces vasodilation and inhibits platelet aggregation.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The blood pressure as recorded after wedging a CATHETER in a small PULMONARY ARTERY; believed to reflect the PRESSURE in the pulmonary CAPILLARIES.
Cell surface proteins that bind ENDOTHELINS with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells.
A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cellular membranes.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A peptidyl-dipeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal dipeptide, -Xaa-*-Xbb-Xcc, when neither Xaa nor Xbb is Pro. It is a Cl(-)-dependent, zinc glycoprotein that is generally membrane-bound and active at neutral pH. It may also have endopeptidase activity on some substrates. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
Dilated blood vessels in the ESOPHAGUS or GASTRIC FUNDUS that shunt blood from the portal circulation (PORTAL SYSTEM) to the systemic venous circulation. Often they are observed in individuals with portal hypertension (HYPERTENSION, PORTAL).
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.
The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the right HEART VENTRICLE.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
A series of heterocyclic compounds that are variously substituted in nature and are known also as purine bases. They include ADENINE and GUANINE, constituents of nucleic acids, as well as many alkaloids such as CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE. Uric acid is the metabolic end product of purine metabolism.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Compounds that specifically inhibit PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5.
A CALCIUM-dependent, constitutively-expressed form of nitric oxide synthase found primarily in ENDOTHELIAL CELLS.
Pathological processes involving any of the BLOOD VESSELS in the cardiac or peripheral circulation. They include diseases of ARTERIES; VEINS; and rest of the vasculature system in the body.
A group of CORTICOSTEROIDS primarily associated with water and electrolyte balance. This is accomplished through the effect on ION TRANSPORT in renal tubules, resulting in retention of sodium and loss of potassium. Mineralocorticoid secretion is itself regulated by PLASMA VOLUME, serum potassium, and ANGIOTENSIN II.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
A condition in which the RIGHT VENTRICLE of the heart was functionally impaired. This condition usually leads to HEART FAILURE or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION, and other cardiovascular complications. Diagnosis is made by measuring the diminished ejection fraction and a depressed level of motility of the right ventricular wall.
Sodium excretion by URINATION.
A subtype of endothelin receptor found predominantly in the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE. It has a high affinity for ENDOTHELIN-1 and ENDOTHELIN-2.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The blood pressure in the VEINS. It is usually measured to assess the filling PRESSURE to the HEART VENTRICLE.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
The venous pressure measured in the PORTAL VEIN.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The rhythmical expansion and contraction of an ARTERY produced by waves of pressure caused by the ejection of BLOOD from the left ventricle of the HEART as it contracts.
An angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor that is used to treat HYPERTENSION and HEART FAILURE.
An oxidation product, via XANTHINE OXIDASE, of oxypurines such as XANTHINE and HYPOXANTHINE. It is the final oxidation product of purine catabolism in humans and primates, whereas in most other mammals URATE OXIDASE further oxidizes it to ALLANTOIN.
A thiazide diuretic with actions and uses similar to those of HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE. It has been used in the treatment of familial hyperkalemia, hypertension, edema, and urinary tract disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p810)
Hardening of the KIDNEY due to infiltration by fibrous connective tissue (FIBROSIS), usually caused by renovascular diseases or chronic HYPERTENSION. Nephrosclerosis leads to renal ISCHEMIA.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Pathological elevation of intra-abdominal pressure (>12 mm Hg). It may develop as a result of SEPSIS; PANCREATITIS; capillary leaks, burns, or surgery. When the pressure is higher than 20 mm Hg, often with end-organ dysfunction, it is referred to as abdominal compartment syndrome.
An alpha-2 adrenergic agonist that has both central and peripheral nervous system effects. Its primary clinical use is as an antihypertensive agent.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
A salicylamide derivative that is a non-cardioselective blocker of BETA-ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS and ALPHA-1 ADRENERGIC RECEPTORS.
The removal or interruption of some part of the sympathetic nervous system for therapeutic or research purposes.
Swelling of the OPTIC DISK, usually in association with increased intracranial pressure, characterized by hyperemia, blurring of the disk margins, microhemorrhages, blind spot enlargement, and engorgement of retinal veins. Chronic papilledema may cause OPTIC ATROPHY and visual loss. (Miller et al., Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, 4th ed, p175)
Abnormalities in the serum levels of LIPIDS, including overproduction or deficiency. Abnormal serum lipid profiles may include high total CHOLESTEROL, high TRIGLYCERIDES, low HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL, and elevated LOW DENSITY LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL.
The HEART and the BLOOD VESSELS by which BLOOD is pumped and circulated through the body.
A non-selective inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. It has been used experimentally to induce hypertension.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
A short thick vein formed by union of the superior mesenteric vein and the splenic vein.
21-Amino-acid peptides produced by vascular endothelial cells and functioning as potent vasoconstrictors. The endothelin family consists of three members, ENDOTHELIN-1; ENDOTHELIN-2; and ENDOTHELIN-3. All three peptides contain 21 amino acids, but vary in amino acid composition. The three peptides produce vasoconstrictor and pressor responses in various parts of the body. However, the quantitative profiles of the pharmacological activities are considerably different among the three isopeptides.
The smallest divisions of the arteries located between the muscular arteries and the capillaries.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Agents that antagonize ANGIOTENSIN RECEPTORS. Many drugs in this class specifically target the ANGIOTENSIN TYPE 1 RECEPTOR.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
A group of compounds that contain the structure SO2NH2.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A mitochondrial cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 18-hydroxylation of steroids in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-specific flavoprotein. This enzyme, encoded by CYP11B2 gene, is important in the conversion of CORTICOSTERONE to 18-hydroxycorticosterone and the subsequent conversion to ALDOSTERONE.
Distensibility measure of a chamber such as the lungs (LUNG COMPLIANCE) or bladder. Compliance is expressed as a change in volume per unit change in pressure.
Arteries which arise from the abdominal aorta and distribute to most of the intestines.
A potent natriuretic and vasodilatory peptide or mixture of different-sized low molecular weight PEPTIDES derived from a common precursor and secreted mainly by the HEART ATRIUM. All these peptides share a sequence of about 20 AMINO ACIDS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
Any of the tubular vessels conveying the blood (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins).

Effects of long-term administration of clonidine on plasma renin activity. (1/23689)

Plasma renin activity (PRA) was studied before and during long-term treatment with moderate oral doses (0.2 or 0.3 mg/d) of clonidine. Nine outpatients with essential hypertension received clonidine for 12 weeks; a significant decrease in blood pressure was evident in all patients. Except for a nonsignificant increase after 12 weeks of treatment, PRA values were not notably changed by clonidine therapy. No correlation was found between individual blood pressure changes and PRA variation during the study. The absence of a net effect on PRA in this study does not exclude more complex interactions of clonidine with the renin-angiotensin system. Nonetheless, clonidine cannot generally be classified as a "renin-inhibiting" drug.  (+info)

Phasic right coronary artery blood flow in conscious dogs with normal and elevated right ventricular pressures. (2/23689)

We studied phasic right coronary blood flow in well trained normal dogs and dogs with pulmonic stenosis. We installed electromagnetic flow transducers and pressure tubes under anesthesia to monitor right coronary blood flow, cardiac output, central aortic blood pressure, and right ventribular pressure. In normotensive dogs, systolic flow amplitude equaled early diastolic flow levels. The ratio of systolic to diastolic flow at rest was substantially greater in the right coronary bed (36+/-1.3%) than in the left circumflex bed (13+/-3.6%). Right diastolid flow runoff, including the cove late in diastole, resembled left circumflex runoff. Blood flow to the normotensive right (37+/-1.1 ml/min 100(-1) g) and the left (35+/-1.0 ml/min(-1) g) ventricular myocardium indicated equal perfusion of both cardiac walls. Throttling of systolic flow was related directly to the right ventricular systolic pressure level in the dogs with pulmonic stenosis. Retrograde systolic flow occurred in severe right ventricular hypertension. The late diastolic runoff pattern in dogs with pulmonic stenosis appeared the same as for the normotensive dogs. We obtained systolic to diastolic flow ratios of 1/3 the value of normotensive hearts in high and severe pulmonic hypertension. Electrocardiograms and studies of pathology suggested restricted blood flow to the inner layers of the right myocardium in the dogs with severe and high right ventricular hypertension. Normotensive and hypertensive peak hyperemic flow responses were similar, except for an increased magnitude of diastolic flow, with proportionately less systolic flow in hypertensive states.  (+info)

Quantification of baroreceptor influence on arterial pressure changes seen in primary angiotension-induced hypertension in dogs. (3/23689)

We studied the role of the sino-aortic baroreceptors in the gradual development of hypertension induced by prolonged administration of small amounts of angiotensin II (A II) in intact dogs and dogs with denervated sino-aortic baroreceptors. Short-term 1-hour infusions of A II(1.0-100 ng/kg per min) showed that conscious denervated dogs had twice the pressor sensitivity of intact dogs. Long-term infusions of A II at 5.0 ng/kg per min (2-3 weeks) with continuous 24-hour recordings of arterial pressure showed that intact dogs required 28 hours to reach the same level of pressure attained by denervated dogs during the 1st hour of infusion. At the 28th hour the pressure in both groups was 70% of the maximum value attained by the 7th day of infusion. Both intact and denervated dogs reached nearly the same plateau level of pressure, the magnitude being directly related both the the A II infusion rate and the daily sodium intake. Cardiac output in intact dogs initially decreased after the onset of A II infusion, but by the 5th day of infusion it was 38% above control, whereas blood volume was unchanged. Heart rate returned to normal after a reduction during the 1st day of infusion in intact dogs. Plasma renin activity could not be detected after 24 hours of A II infusion in either intact or denervated dogs. The data indicate that about 35% of the hypertensive effect of A II results from its acute pressor action, and an additional 35% of the gradual increase in arterial pressure is in large measure a result of baroreceptor resetting. We conclude that the final 30% increase in pressure seems to result from increased cardiac output, the cause of which may be decreased vascular compliance. since the blood volume remains unaltered.  (+info)

Acute and chronic dose-response relationships for angiotensin, aldosterone, and arterial pressure at varying levels of sodium intake. (4/23689)

We examined the acute and chronic dose-response relationships between intravenously infused angiotensin II (A II) and the resulting changes in arterial pressure and plasma aldosterone concentration at varying levels of sodium intake. Sequential analysis of plasma aldosterone at each A II infusion rate resulted in an acute dose-related increase in plasma aldosterone which was markedly attenuated after the first 24 hours of infusion, the final level being directly related to the dose of A II and inversely related to sodium intake. A II infused at 5,15, and 23 ng/kg per min was associated with an initial increase (2nd to 8th hour) in plasma aldosterone to 2,6, and 9 times control values, respectively, in dogs receiving 40 mEq Na+/day. But, after the 1st day, aldosterone averaged only 1, 1.7, and 3 times control values for the next 2 weeks at the same rates of A II infusion. Dogs receiving 120 mEq Na+/day during A II infusion exhibited only a transient increase in plasma aldosterone during the 1st day. Sustained hypertension developed over a period of a week at all doses of A II at normal and high sodium intake, but did not occur at any dose of A II in sodium-depleted dogs. Increasing sodium intake from 40 to 120 mEq/day resulted in higher levels of hypertension, 125% compared to 140% of ocntrol values for dogs infused with A II, 5.0 ng/kg per min. We conclude that primary angiotensin-induced hypertension need not be associated with increased levels of plasma aldosterone, which appears to remain elevated only with amounts of A II greater than those required to sustain a significant degree of hypertension.  (+info)

Dietary intake and practices in the Hong Kong Chinese population. (5/23689)

OBJECTIVES: To examine dietary intake and practices of the adult Hong Kong Chinese population to provide a basis for future public health recommendations with regard to prevention of certain chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and osteoporosis. PARTICIPANTS: Age and sex stratified random sample of the Hong Kong Chinese population aged 25 to 74 years (500 men, 510 women). METHOD: A food frequency method over a one week period was used for nutrient quantification, and a separate questionnaire was used for assessment of dietary habits. Information was obtained by interview. RESULTS: Men had higher intakes of energy and higher nutrient density of vitamin D, monounsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol, but lower nutrient density of protein, many vitamins, calcium, iron, copper, and polyunsaturated fatty acids. There was an age related decrease in energy intake and other nutrients except for vitamin C, sodium, potassium, and percentage of total calorie from carbohydrate, which all increased with age. Approximately 50% of the population had a cholesterol intake of < or = 300 mg; 60% had a fat intake < or = 30% of total energy; and 85% had a percentage of energy from saturated fats < or = 10%; criteria considered desirable for cardiovascular health. Seventy eight per cent of the population had sodium intake values in the range shown to be associated with the age related rise in blood pressure with age. Mean calcium intake was lower than the FAO/WHO recommendations. The awareness of the value of wholemeal bread and polyunsaturated fat spreads was lower in this population compared with that in Australia. There was a marked difference in types of cooking oil compared with Singaporeans, the latter using more coconut/palm/mixed vegetable oils. CONCLUSION: Although the current intake pattern for cardiovascular health for fat, saturated fatty acid, and cholesterol fall within the recommended range for over 50% of the population, follow up surveys to monitor the pattern would be needed. Decreasing salt consumption, increasing calcium intake, and increasing the awareness of the health value of fibre may all be beneficial in the context of chronic disease prevention.  (+info)

Low calorie diet enhances renal, hemodynamic, and humoral effects of exogenous atrial natriuretic peptide in obese hypertensives. (6/23689)

The expression of the natriuretic peptide clearance receptor is abundant in human and rat adipose tissue, where it is specifically inhibited by fasting. In obese hypertensives, plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels were found to be lower than in obese normotensives. Therefore, the increased adipose mass might influence ANP levels and/or its biological activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the humoral, hemodynamic, and renal effects of exogenous ANP in obese hypertensives might be enhanced by a very low calorie diet. Eight obese hypertensives received a bolus injection of ANP (0.6 mg/kg) after 2 weeks of a normal calorie/normal sodium diet, and blood pressure (BP), heart rate, ANP, cGMP, plasma renin activity, and aldosterone were evaluated for 2 hours before and after the injection. Diuresis and natriuresis were measured every 30 minutes. The patients then started a low calorie/normal sodium diet (510 kcal/150 mmol/d) for 4 days, and then the ANP injection protocol was repeated. The low calorie diet induced a slight weight loss (from 90.6+/-1.1 to 87. 7+/-1.2 kg; P<0.01), which was accompanied by increase of cGMP excretion (from 146.0+/-10.1 to 154.5+/-9.5 nmol/24 h; P<0.05) together with a reduction of BP (P<0.01 versus basal levels). ANP injection after diet was followed by an increase of ANP levels similar to that observed before diet, but plasma cGMP, diuresis, and natriuresis increased significantly only after diet. Similarly, the decrease of BP after ANP administration was significantly higher after diet (change in mean arterial pressure, -6.4+/-0.7 versus -4. 0+/-0.6 mm Hg; P<0.05) as well as that of aldosterone (P<0.01). These data show that a low calorie diet enhances the humoral, renal, and hemodynamic effects of ANP in obese hypertensives and confirm the importance of caloric intake in modulating the biological activity of ANP, suggesting that the natriuretic peptide system can play a role in the acute changes of natriuresis and diuresis associated with caloric restriction.  (+info)

Myocardial osteopontin expression coincides with the development of heart failure. (7/23689)

To identify genes that are differentially expressed during the transition from compensated hypertrophy to failure, myocardial mRNA from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with heart failure (SHR-F) was compared with that from age-matched SHR with compensated hypertrophy (SHR-NF) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) by differential display reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Characterization of a transcript differentially expressed in SHR-F yielded a cDNA with homology to the extracellular matrix protein osteopontin. Northern analysis showed low levels of osteopontin mRNA in left ventricular myocardium from WKY and SHR-NF but a markedly increased (approximately 10-fold) level in SHR-F. In myocardium from WKY and SHR-NF, in situ hybridization showed only scant osteopontin mRNA, primarily in arteriolar cells. In SHR-F, in situ hybridization revealed abundant expression of osteopontin mRNA, primarily in nonmyocytes in the interstitial and perivascular space. Similar findings for osteopontin protein were observed in the midwall region of myocardium from the SHR-F group. Consistent with the findings in SHR, osteopontin mRNA was minimally increased (approximately 1.9-fold) in left ventricular myocardium from nonfailing aortic-banded rats with pressure-overload hypertrophy but was markedly increased (approximately 8-fold) in banded rats with failure. Treatment with captopril starting before or after the onset of failure in the SHR reduced the increase in left ventricular osteopontin mRNA levels. Thus, osteopontin expression is markedly increased in the heart coincident with the development of heart failure. The source of osteopontin in SHR-F is primarily nonmyocytes, and its induction is inhibited by an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, suggesting a role for angiotensin II. Given the known biological activities of osteopontin, including cell adhesion and regulation of inducible nitric oxide synthase gene expression, these data suggest that it could play a role in the pathophysiology of heart failure.  (+info)

Gender-related differences in myocyte remodeling in progression to heart failure. (8/23689)

Gender-related differences responsible for the better prognosis of females with heart failure have not been clearly established. To address this issue, we investigated potential gender-related differences in myocyte remodeling in spontaneously hypertensive heart failure rats. Echocardiograms and myocyte growth were compared between males and females at compensated (2, 4, and 6 months) and decompensated (18 months in males and 24 months in females) stages of cardiac hypertrophy. Although left ventricular diastolic dimensions did not differ significantly between failing male and female rats, fractional shortening declined significantly only in failing males. Myocyte cross-sectional area did not change after 4 months of age in both genders, which is likely to be responsible for the absence of a change in left ventricular wall thickness during the progression to heart failure. Myocyte volume and cross-sectional area were significantly larger in males than females at 2, 4, and 6 months of age, although there were no significant differences at the failing stage. Reduced adaptive hypertrophic reserve was observed in males, which is likely to contribute to the higher morbidity and mortality of males with chronic heart failure.  (+info)

Background: Subclinical target organ damage (TOD) has been common in hypertensive children, but there is limited data in the Chinese pediatric population. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of subclinical TOD in the Chinese hypertensive children and adolescents.Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in children and adolescents from four schools in Jinan, China between September 2012 and September 2014. The hypertensive status was confirmed based on elevated blood pressure across three different occasions. Those with hypertension were invited to participate in the evaluation of TOD (including heart, arteries, and kidney) and metabolic disorders. A total of 7,840 children and adolescents aged 6-17 years were recruited at baseline, of whom 373 were diagnosed as hypertensive after three separate visits, and 333 (89%) participated in evaluation of TOD.Results: Among 333 hypertensive children, 47.4% had elevated carotid intima-media thickness, 32.4% had left ventricular hypertrophy, 29.2%
The kidneys are of the main organs that intervene in blood pressure control and most of kidney diseases can lead to high blood pressure. Uncontrolled hypertension will undoubted lead to chronic kidney disease progression.. With the addition of Dr. Fidel Barrantes, board certified hypertension specialist, Renal Medicine Associates has started a hypertension clinic to focus on care of patients who have difficult to control hypertension (patients who are in 3 medications without achieving adequate blood pressure control), white-coat hypertension, masked-hypertension, poorly controlled hypertension, stress-related hypertension, all secondary and hormonal causes of hypertension, and hypertension complicating pregnancy.. Our hypertension clinic focus is to provide a multidisciplinary approach. Our Hypertension clinic is currently receiving new patients.. ...
Psychosomatic factors, sympathoneural and sympathoadrenal as well as cardiovascular mechanisms, were studied in 24 patients 18-24 years of age with borderline hypertension, 50 age-matched normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents, and 49 controls with no family history of hypertension. They were compared by projective and questionnaire-based psychological tests and their circulatory and neurohormonal reactivity to mental (Stroop color-word conflict test and arithmetic test) and physical stressors (orthostasis and bicycle ergometry test) were measured. Borderline hypertensive subjects externalized aggression less (p less than 0.05) but internalized it more (p less than 0.05) and were more submissive (p less than 0.05) when compared with controls. Offspring of hypertensive parents showed a similar but weaker pattern. Both risk groups reported more positive interactions with their parents (genetic risk subjects versus controls, p less than 0.05; borderline hypertensive patients versus ...
The present study examined plasma lipoprotein, lipoprotein lipase, hepatic lipase, and insulin levels in men with borderline hypertension (diastolic blood pressure 85 to 94 mm Hg) compared with age-matched normotensive control subjects (diastolic blood pressure less than or equal to 80 mm Hg, n = 75 + 75). High-density lipoprotein (HDL) subclasses were determined in a subset (n = 45 + 45). While total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were similar, levels of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol and triglycerides (0.46 versus 0.41 mmol/L, P = .027, and 1.0 versus 0.85 mmol/L, P = .031) and total triglycerides (1.53 versus 1.33 mmol/L, P = .009) were elevated and HDL cholesterol was reduced in the borderline group compared with the normotensive group (1.17 versus 1.26 mmol/L, P = .043). The HDL subclass HDL2b concentration was lower (0.16 versus 0.24 mmol/L, P = .006), while HDL3b and HDL3c concentrations were higher in the borderline group (0.38 versus 0.32 mmol/L, P = ...
Hypertension is a major global public health problem due to its related high morbidity and mortality especially in developing countries, with a prevalence of 46% in the adult population. The study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of metabolic syndrome among hypertensive outpatients and its associated effect on target organs. Questionnaire was administered to 150 hypertensive outpatients and 50 non-hypertensives. Anthropometrics such as body mass index, waist circumference, body fat, visceral fat, blood pressure and biochemical parameters including lipid profile, urea, AST, ALT, and coronary risk were determined using standard procedures. Dietary pattern of hypertensives was not different from non-hypertensives. Metabolic syndrome was found to be significantly prevalent among hypertensive group than non-hypertensive group. Among cardiovascular disease markers, high coronary disease risk was significantly higher among participants with metabolic syndrome compared to those without ...
According to recent studies about 1 in 3 American adults have high blood pressure. But unfortunately as they rarely show any symptoms about 1/3 of these do not even know that they have it. So where will people like this go to get information on high blood pressure to understand the condition better and find methods to regulate blood pressure levels?. High blood pressure has become known as the silent killer. Many people do not show any symptoms until the condition has reached a much later stage of development.. In fact the only real way a person can ever tell if they have high blood pressure is by getting a blood pressure reading, generally from a doctor or health professional. Normally, if a docto fashion jackets r thinks that a patient may have high blood pressure then they may ask them to return to the surgery potentially a few times to have the reading checked again. This is so that an accurate baseline can be established. There are a number of factors that can temporarily increase blood ...
This study investigated the effect of proximity to city parks on blood pressure categories during the first trimester of pregnancy. This cross-sectional study included 3,416 female residents of the city of Kaunas, Lithuania, who were enrolled in the FP7 PHENOTYPE project study. The women were classified into four blood pressure categories: optimal, normal, high-normal blood pressure, and hypertension. Multinomial regression models were used to investigate the association between three womens groups with respect to the residence distances from city parks (300, , 300-1,000, and , 1,000 m) and four blood pressure categories. When using the optimal blood pressure as the reference group, the crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) for normal blood pressure and for high-normal blood pressure proved to be statistically significantly higher after the inclusion of the selected covariates into the regression analysis. The probability of normal blood pressure increased by 9%, and that of high-normal blood ...
Hypertension is a chapter in the book, Cardiovascular Medicine, containing the following 19 pages: Hypertension, Isolated Systolic Hypertension, Hypertension Causes, Hypertension Criteria, Hypertension Evaluation, Hypertension Evaluation Exam, Hypertension Evaluation History, Hypertension Evaluation Labs, Hypertension Management, Hypertension Risk Stratification, Antihypertensive Selection, Resistant Hypertension, Hypertension Management for Specific Comorbid Diseases, Hypertension Management for Specific Populations, Hypertension Management for Specific Emergencies, Hypertension Resources, Pseudohypertension, Hypertensive Encephalopathy, Severe Asymptomatic Hypertension.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW In a society with a steadily increasing population of patients with hypertension, a significant mortality risk factor, it is important that clinicians be cognizant of the changes seen in ophthalmic examination. This paper demonstrates both the acute and chronic stages of the disease. RECENT FINDINGS This paper first presents the history of classifying different stages of hypertensive retinopathy, a condition associated with systemic arterial hypertension, as defined by Keith-Wagener-Barker. The most recent recommendations published in the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee (JNC) on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure are also described; this report defines the current status and classification of hypertension in the United States, as well as recommendations for its treatment and management. Finally, disease management strategies and currently accepted treatment options are presented. SUMMARY Since systemic arterial hypertension is a
Despite the impressive increase of home blood pressure monitoring (BPM) among hypertensive patients over the last few years, a limited number of studies have analysed the rate of home BPM and its relationship with target blood pressure (BP) control, in representative samples of the hypertensive population. The objectives of the study were first to evaluate the prevalence of home BPM in a large selected group of treated hypertensive patients referred to our outpatient hypertension hospital clinic. Second, to assess the rate of satisfactory clinic BP control in patients with or without familiarity with home BPM. In all, 1350 consecutive hypertensive patients who attended our hypertension centre during a period of 12 months and were regularly followed up by the same medical team were included in the study. After informed consent all patients underwent the following procedures: (1) accurate medical history (implemented by a structured questionnaire on demographic and clinical characteristics, ...
Essential hypertension (also called primary hypertension or idiopathic hypertension) is the form of hypertension that by definition has no identifiable cause. It is the most common type of hypertension, affecting 95% of hypertensive patients, it tends to be familial and is likely to be the consequence of an interaction between environmental and genetic factors. Prevalence of essential hypertension increases with age, and individuals with relatively high blood pressure at younger ages are at increased risk for the subsequent development of hypertension. Hypertension can increase the risk of cerebral, cardiac, and renal events. A recent classification recommends blood pressure criteria for defining normal blood pressure, prehypertension, hypertension (stages I and II), and isolated systolic hypertension, which is a common occurrence among the elderly. These readings are based on the average of seated blood pressure readings that were properly measured during 2 or more office visits. In individuals ...
View Notes - HYPERTENSION_SEVERE from PNR 182 at Orangeburg-Calhoun Technical College. HYPERTENSION: SEVERE Hypertension is defined by the 1992 Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and
High Blood Pressure, Hypertension Treatment of Alternative High Blood Pressure Alternative Neuro Acupuncture Treatment and High Blood Pressure Herbal Herbs Alternative Medicine Treatment on High Blood Pressure Treatment Medical Center High Blood Pressure Remedies
Primary hypertension is not just an adult disorder. Current US population data on children and adolescents demonstrate a prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and hypertension combined of over 10%. Recent reports from prospective cohort studies describe an association of high BP in childhood with hypertension in young adulthood. Excess adiposity is strongly associated with higher BP in childhood and increases risk for hypertension in adulthood. In addition to overweight/obesity, other exposures that raise the risk for high BP include low birthweight, dietary sodium, and stress. Using intermediate markers of cardiovascular injury, studies on hypertensive children report findings of cardiac hypertrophy, vascular stiffness, and early atherosclerotic changes. Impaired cognitive function has also been demonstrated in hypertensive children. Recent advances in clinical and translational research support the concept that the evolution of primary hypertension begins in childhood.
It helped so much that he had to go to the doctor to have his blood pressure meds lowered in order to be more in line with the benefits of the CBD oil. CBD oil can help with so many ailments from anxiety and depression to lowering blood sugar and blood pressure. The science of CBD oil for blood pressure control is compelling, but a word of warning is required. For anyone already taking blood pressure medications, its inadvisable to take CBD alongside these medicines without speaking to a doctor first. Using CBD Oil to Reduce Blood Pressure to Normal. All the studies seem to agree that CBD reduces high blood pressure. The product, CBD oil, is, therefore, a more natural remedy for people with cardiovascular related problems which sometimes lead to death. Remember: hypertension affects one in every three adults. CBD Effects on Blood Pressure, and Hypertension. Many people use the terms hypertension and high blood pressure synonymously. This happens so frequently that many believe that they ...
1. To investigate whether reduced activity of pressor systems could explain the spontaneous drop in pressure upon hospitalization, 51 subjects with uncomplicated essential hypertension were admitted to hospital. Sodium intake was fixed at 55 mmol/day.. 2. Blood samples for noradrenaline, adrenaline, active renin, angiotensin II and aldosterone were drawn on each morning of the first 3 days of hospitalization; blood pressure was measured at 2 h intervals and values were averaged for each day.. 3. Subjects were divided in two groups depending on whether they became normotensive (group 1; n = 12) or remained hypertensive (group 2; n = 39). This distinction was thought to reflect mild and more severe hypertensive groups respectively.. 4. Although both groups showed a comparable fall in blood pressure during hospitalization, noradrenaline levels fell more consistently in group 1, whereas adrenaline levels fell only in group 2. The components of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system rose, but more ...
Background: Hypertension potentiates cardiovascular risk in survivors of childhood cancer previously exposed to cardiotoxic therapies, so it is important to determine the prevalence and risk factors for hypertensive blood pressure in this high-risk group.. Methods: Participants included 3,016 adult 10-year survivors of childhood cancer who had resting blood pressure measurements performed at St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital (Memphis, TN). We characterized the blood pressure status of participants, calculated standardized prevalence ratios based on U.S. population rates, and examined demographic and treatment factors associated with hypertensive blood pressure using logistic regression.. Results: The age-specific cumulative prevalence of hypertension in survivors increased sharply with age, exceeding 70% by age 50, and was substantially higher in all diagnosis groups than expected on the basis of age-, sex-, race/ethnicity-, and BMI-specific population rates. Specific cancer treatments were ...
1. Franklin SS, Jacobs MJ, Wong ND et al. Predominance of isolated systolic hypertension among middle-aged and elderly US hypertensives: analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III. Hypertension 2001; 37(3): 869-874. 2. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR et al. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: the JNC 7 Report. JAMA 2003; 289(19): 2560-2572. 3. Hsu CY, McCulloch CE, Darbinian J et al. Elevated blood pressure and risk of end-stage renal disease in subjects without baseline kidney disease. Arch Intern Med 2005; 165(8): 923-928. 4. Sundström J, Arima H, Jackson R et al. Effects of blood pressure reduction in mild hypertension: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ann Intern Med 2015; 162(3): 184-191. 5. Neal B, MacMahon S, Chapman N et al. Effects of ACE inhibitors, calcium antagonists, and other blood - pressure - lowering drugs: results of prospectively designed ...
Computerized Clinical Records, which are incorporated in primary health care practice, have great potential for research. In order to use this information, data quality and reliability must be assessed to prevent compromising the validity of the results. The aim of this study is to validate the diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes mellitus in the computerized clinical records of primary health care, taking the diagnosis criteria established in the most prominently used clinical guidelines as the gold standard against which what measure the sensitivity, specificity, and determine the predictive values. The gold standard for diabetes mellitus was the diagnostic criteria established in 2003 American Diabetes Association Consensus Statement for diabetic subjects. The gold standard for hypertension was the diagnostic criteria established in the Joint National Committee published in 2003. A cross-sectional multicentre validation study of diabetes mellitus and hypertension diagnoses in computerized clinical
Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. A normal blood pressure is 120/80. A blood pressure reading higher or equal to 140/90 is considered abnormally high. Elevated blood pressure means your heart is working harder than normal, putting both your heart and arteries under great strain. High blood pressure is serious business. On average, people with uncontrolled hypertension are:Seven times more likely to have a stroke. Six times more likely to develop congestive heart failure. Three times more likely to have a heart attack.Different types of hypertensionFrom my research, I didnt find any other types of hypertension.What are some causes?In 90% of cases, the cause of hypertension is unknown. This is called essential hypertension. The other 10% of cases is called secondary hypertension. Secondary hypertension is caused by kidney disease, severe narrowing of the aorta, tumors in the adrenal gland, or hardening of the arteries. There are many factors associated with high blood ...
Diagnosis of resistant hypertension: In case of clinic blood pressure exceeding the boundary of systolic blood pressure at 140mmHg and diastolic blood pressure at 90mmHg (hereinafter refer to as 140/90mmHg) (130/80mmHg for patients with diabetes mellitus or chronic renal disease) despite triple antihypertensive therapy at optimal dose may be diagnosed as resistant hypertension. Antihypertensive medications used include diuretics. Resistant hypertension may also be diagnosed when clinic blood pressure has reached the target value but quadruple or more of antihypertensives are used ...
About hypertension. Hypertension is a chronic medical condition in which blood pressure in the arteries is elevated. Blood pressure is expressed by two measurements, systolic and diastolic pressures, which are the maximum and minimum pressures, respectively, in the arterial system. Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-140 mmHg systolic and 60-90 mmHg diastolic. Hypertension is present if the blood pressure is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg for adults. Sustained hypertension over time is a major risk factor for heart disease, coronary artery disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm, peripheral artery disease and chronic kidney disease. Hypertension affects over 1 billion people worldwide.. About renal denervation. Renal denervation is an interventional approach for the treatment of high blood pressure. A minimally-invasive, endovascular-catheter-based procedure, it uses radiofrequency or ultrasound ablation to treat resistant hypertension. Nerves in the wall of the renal artery ...
The occurrence of the C3F allele was investigated in the following three groups: 69 consecutive referred patients with untreated essential hypertension, including borderline hypertension; 70 patients with established and treated essential hypertension, already attending the same outpatient clinic, and 62 age- and sex-matched normotensive healthy subjects without clinical signs of atherosclerosis or familial predisposition to hypertension. In the three groups the C3F allele was found in 38.2%, 29% and 20%, respectively. Among the treated hypertensive patients with C3F gene, 40% had coronary heart disease (CHD) compared to 6.1% among the C3F negative (P less than 0.005), and the relative risk of CHD among the treated hypertensive patients with this allele was found to be 10.2 (P less than 0.002). The C3F gene was present in 72.7% of the treated patients with CHD. In the untreated patients the occurrence of CHD was low, and no differences between C3F positive and negative patients could be ...
Survey data show that awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension have increased dramatically since 1974. In 1974, only 51% of hypertensive persons were aware that their blood pressure was high. Thirty-six percent of these persons were under treatment, and 16% of those being treated had their blood pressure under control (160 mm Hg systolic or 95 mm Hg diastolic). By 1984, 85% were aware of their condition, and 74% were under treatment (1). In 1984, however, the definition of high blood pressure was changed from 160/95 mm Hg to 140/90 mm Hg. Because of this new definition, surveys conducted during 1982-1984 showed that only 24% of hypertensive patients on medication had their blood pressure under control (2). Because most hypertensive persons have been told that their blood pressure is high, surveys using self-reported blood pressure status have been used to assess awareness, treatment, and perceived control of high blood pressure (3). The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) ...
There is no cure for primary hypertension, but blood pressure can almost always be lower with the correct treatment. The goal of treatment is to lower blood pressure to levels that will prevent heart disease and other complications of hypertension. In secondary hypertension, the disease that is responsible for the hypertension is treated in addition to the hypertension itself.Successful treatment of the underlying disorders may cure the secondary hypertension. Treatment to lower blood pressure may include changes in diet, getting regular exercise,and taking antihypertensive medications. Patients falling into the pre-hypertension range who dont have damage to the heart or kidneys often are advised to make needed lifestyle changes only.Eat more fruit and vegetables ...
1. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR et al (for the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee). Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension 2003; 42(6): 1206-1252. 2. Mancia G, De BG, Dominiczak A, Cifkova R et al. 2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension: The Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). J Hypertens 2007; 25(6): 1105-1187. 3. Mancia G, Laurent S, Agabiti-Rosei E et al. Reappraisal of European guidelines on hypertension management: a European Society of Hypertension Task Force document. J Hypertens 2009; 27(11): 2121-2158. 4. Oh BH, Mitchell J, Herron JR et al. Aliskiren, an oral renin inhibitor, provides dose-dependent efficacy and sustained 24-hour blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007; 49(11): ...
On One Hand: Chronic Hypertension Can Affect PregnancyWhen a woman has high blood pressure before becoming pregnant, it is referred to as chronic hypertension. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, expectant mothers with chronic hypertension are more likely to experience complications, such as low birth weight, preterm delivery and preeclampsia. However, carefully monitoring chronic hypertension can prevent serious problems from occurring during pregnancy.On the Other: Gestational Hypertension Is More SeriousGestational hypertension (also called pregnancy induced hypertension, toxemia or preeclampsia) is a condition t...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Age-race subgroup compared with renin profile as predictors of blood pressure response to antihypertensive therapy. AU - Preston, Richard A.. AU - Materson, Barry J.. AU - Reda, Domenic J.. AU - Williams, David W.. AU - Hamburger, Robert J.. AU - Cushman, William C.. AU - Anderson, Robert J.. PY - 1998/10/7. Y1 - 1998/10/7. N2 - Context. - Renin profiling and age-race subgroup may help select single- drug therapy for stage 1 and stage 2 hypertension. Objective. - To compare the plasma renin profiling and age-race subgroup methods as predictors of response to single-drug therapy in men with stage 1 and 2 hypertension as defined by the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Design. - The Veterans Affairs Cooperative on Single-Drug Therapy of Hypertension, a randomized controlled trial. Setting. - Fifteen Veterans Affairs hypertension centers. Patients. - A total of 1105 ambulatory men with entry diastolic blood pressure ...
Obesity is a major public health issue, and hypertension is one of the most common associated comorbidities. Current guidelines for optimal blood pressure levels in obese patients or for the treatment of obesity-hypertension do not provide specific recommendations that go beyond the rather general recommendation to lose weight. Based on the strong ties between obesity, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes, and the similarity of complications that occur in obesity-related hypertension and in hypertension associated with type 2 diabetes, it seems appropriate to explore the optimal blood pressure levels for obese hypertensive patients. Recently published studies underline the importance of weight reduction to reach this goal. Several lines of reasoning support the use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers as the appropriate first-line therapy in obese patients with uncomplicated hypertension. Nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, {alpha}-blockers, or ...
The World Health Organization has identified hypertension, or high blood pressure, as the leading cause of cardiovascular mortality.[162] The World Hypertension League (WHL), an umbrella organization of 85 national hypertension societies and leagues, recognized that more than 50% of the hypertensive population worldwide are unaware of their condition.[162] To address this problem, the WHL initiated a global awareness campaign on hypertension in 2005 and dedicated May 17 of each year as World Hypertension Day (WHD). Over the past three years, more national societies have been engaging in WHD and have been innovative in their activities to get the message to the public. In 2007, there was record participation from 47 member countries of the WHL. During the week of WHD, all these countries - in partnership with their local governments, professional societies, nongovernmental organizations and private industries - promoted hypertension awareness among the public through several media and public ...
#High Blood Pressure#Hypertension#Proper Diet - Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a condition where the pressure of blood against the walls of vessels is persistently elevated. A blood pressure close to 120/90 is considered normal and is considered high when it crosses 140/90. There are millions of cases of hypertension reported every year and it can last for years or can even be life-long. What makes hypertension a serious condition is that it often has no symptoms, and if left untreated over a long period of time, it may lead to serious health conditions like heart disease and strokes. Hypertension patients have to take special care of their daily meals and follow a strict high blood pressure diet to manage symptoms of the condition. This season demands that BP patients include healthy summer drinks in their diet. Adding certain foods and drinks to your daily diet may help regulate symptoms of hypertension. Ideally, high blood pressure patients should eat foods that are low in sodium and
Essential hypertension diagnosis (costs for program #105475) ✔ University Hospital RWTH Aachen ✔ Department of Cardiology, Pneumology, Angiology and Internal Intensive Medicine ✔
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Controlling High Blood Pressure is very crucial, especially when you are aging. Hypertension is a condition which should be prevented because it can be the reason for your frequent illness. According to a Harvard University Research, more than 15% of Americans die because of hypertension and related health problems. It shows no indications, but hypertension increases the risks of killer disease like kidney failure, cognitive decline, heart attack, etc. American Heart Association (A.H.A) research says, more than 25% of the US population has hypertension, but they arent aware of it. In case you didnt have yourself checked up in the last 2 years, do it at the earliest.. You can get relief from High Blood pressure, if you take medicines. But even the medicines have side effects like sleep disorders, Leg Cramps, etc. But usually people are able to bring down the High Blood Pressure without taking any medicines.. Below are the some tips to lower your high blood pressure. 1. Start Power ...
randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared interventions aimed at improving BP with no intervention or usual care in patients with treated or untreated essential hypertension and assessed mean systolic (SBP) or diastolic BP (DBP), control of BP, or proportion of patients followed up at clinic. Studies of interventions not intended to increase BP control by organisational or educational means (eg, drug trials) were … ...
The majority of hypertensive patients are overweight or obese [1]. The issue is clinically relevant for several reasons. First, obesity and arterial hypertension can be additive in terms of cardiovascular and metabolic risk. For example, obesity and arterial hypertension predispose a person to left ventricular hypertrophy. The risk is increased further in patients burdened by both risk factors. Second, obesity can cause or exacerbate arterial hypertension. In the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey hypertension risk was increased in overweight and more so in obese individuals [2]. Third, blood pressure control is more difficult to achieve, and treatment-resistant arterial hypertension is an important problem in obese patients. The latter topic has been the focus of a recent joint scientific statement by the European Society of Hypertension and the European Association for the Study of Obesity in this Journal [3]. Indeed, the average BMI in the recently published controlled ...
Obesity and hypertension are closely associated. Hypertension occurs frequently in industrialized populations that gain weight with advancing age, and is infrequent in primitive populations that are not obese. There are two reasons for concern about the relationship of obesity to hypertension. Weight gain in young adult life is a potent risk factor for later development of hypertension. Weight reduction in obese hypertensive persons often reduces arterial pressure. Mechanisms of obesity hypertension are as yet unidentified; an earlier hypothesis that it is related to salt intake has not been supported by recent studies. Hemodynamic studies have shown that obesity is associated with an elevated cardiac output and expanded blood volume; in normotensive obese persons peripheral vascular resistance is reduced, and in hypertensive persons it is normal or elevated. Studies of hormonal and neural factors have failed to explain the presence of hypertension in some obese persons and its absence in others. ...
The overall purpose of hypertension treatment is 2-fold. First, patients often have symptoms that are related to their high blood pressure and although subtle in many instances may be improved dramatically by blood pressure control. The main reason for blood pressure treatment, however, is to reduce the burden of cardiovascular complications and end organ damage related to the condition. This may be considered the ultimate goal of blood pressure treatment. In this respect, actual blood pressure measurements may be seen as surrogate end points as the organ protective effects of two antihypertensive agents may differ significantly even though their blood pressure lowering effects are similar. Thus beta-blockers, once seen as first-line treatment of hypertension for most patients, now are considered as third- or fourthline agents according to the latest NICE guidelines (National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, On the other hand, agents that inhibit the activity ...
RESULTS Forty-three (52%) subjects were hypertensive, and 30 subjects were classified as having nocturnal hypertension. cIMT was higher in the nocturnal hypertensive group than in the normotensive group (0.44 ± 0.03 vs. 0.42 ± 0.04 mm, P = 0.026). Among children and adolescents with nonhypertensive blood pressure levels in clinic blood pressure monitoring, cIMT and daytime blood pressure were higher in the nocturnal hypertensive group. All ABPM parameters were significantly related to cIMT in multiple linear regression analysis. ...
Prazosin hydrochloride capsules USP are indicated for the treatment of hypertension, to lower blood pressure. Lowering blood pressure reduces the risk of fatal and nonfatal cardiovascular events, primarily strokes and myocardial infarctions. These benefits have been seen in controlled trials of antihypertensive drugs from a wide variety of pharmacologic classes, including this drug. Control of high blood pressure should be part of comprehensive cardiovascular risk management, including, as appropriate, lipid control, diabetes management, antithrombotic therapy, smoking cessation, exercise, and limited sodium intake. Many patients will require more than one drug to achieve blood pressure goals. For specific advice on goals and management, see published guidelines, such as those of the National High Blood Pressure Education Programs Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC). Numerous antihypertensive drugs, from a variety of ...
BACKGROUND: Urine albumin excretion in the high normal range [urine albumin to creatinine ratio (UACR) 10-29 mg/g)] predicts hypertension in European-origin populations. However, the prognostic significance of UACR in the high normal range for incident hypertension is unclear in Indo-Asians. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of normal to high normal levels of UACR and incident hypertension. METHODS: We conducted a nested cohort study within a cluster randomized controlled trial in Pakistan on 1272 normotensive non-diabetic adults aged ≥ 40 years with UACR/g. Incident hypertension was defined as new onset of systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic ≥ 90 mmHg or initiation of antihypertensive therapy. RESULTS: A total of 920 (72.3%) participants completed the 2-year final follow-up. During this time, 105 (11.4%) developed incident hypertension. In the multivariable model, the odds [95% confidence interval (CI)] for incident hypertension were 2.45(1.21-4.98)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hypertension in chronic kidney disease and dialysis. T2 - Pathophysiology and management. AU - Agarwal, Rajiv. PY - 2005/8. Y1 - 2005/8. N2 - Hypertension affects 24% of the adult US population. In the United States, 3% of the adult population has an elevated serum creatinine level, and 70% of these patients have hypertension. The prevalence of hypertension in chronic kidney disease (CKD) depends on the patients age and the severity of renal failure, proteinuria, and underlying renal disease. As patients with CKD progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD), 86% are diagnosed with hypertension. It has long been recognized that kidney function affects and is affected by hypertension. This article discusses the pathophysiology and management of hypertension in patients with CKD.. AB - Hypertension affects 24% of the adult US population. In the United States, 3% of the adult population has an elevated serum creatinine level, and 70% of these patients have hypertension. The prevalence ...
BACKGROUND:. Appropriately increased interest and concern about high blood pressure as a major public health problem coincided with the indication that the risks of hypertension-related morbidity and mortality could be reduced by reduction of blood pressure. Consensus suggestions that individualized approaches be used in treating patients with mild hypertension stimulated further investigations of non-pharmacological methods. Such investigations were also of considerable interest in relation to understanding the physiology of blood pressure control as well as the development of less costly non-drug therapies. Interest was heightened by information suggesting that there might be distinctly harmful side effects related to antihypertensive drug therapy, particularly thiazide diuretics, in some settings. Studies of non-drug therapies included dietary modifications primarily involving weight reduction and sodium restriction with increasing recent concern about other factors such as alcohol intake, ...
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The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure provides a new guideline for hypertension prevention and management. The following are the key messages(1) In persons older than 50 years, systolic blood pressure (BP) of m …
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Treatment of High blood pressure is abnormally high blood pressure with no known cause. Blood pressure measurements are read as two numbers. The higher number is called the systolic pressure. The lower number is called the diastolic pressure. Normal systolic pressure is 120 or less, and normal diastolic blood pressure is 80 or less, High blood pressure is defined as systolic pressure greater than 140 and/or diastolic pressure greater than 90. People with systolic blood pressures between 120 and 139, or diastolic pressures of 80 to 89 are considered pre-hypertensive and need medical monitoring and lifestyle changes, High blood pressure puts stress on the heart, lungs, brain, kidneys, and blood vessels. Over time, high blood pressure can damage these organs and tissues, High Blood Pressure, Hypertension, High Blood Pressure Causes, High Blood Pressure Symptoms, High Blood Pressure Treatment, Hypertension Definition, Chronic Hypertension, Effects Of High Blood Pressure, High Blood Pressure Cures, High
TY - JOUR. T1 - Initial therapy for uncomplicated hypertension. T2 - Insights from the alphabetic maze of recent studies. AU - Stewart, J. R.. AU - Yeun, Jane Y. PY - 2003/8. Y1 - 2003/8. N2 - Some hypertension treatment guidelines published in the late 1990s recommended that diuretics and β-blockers be used as 1st line drugs for treating uncomplicated hypertension, reserving new antihypertensive drugs for special indications. This recommendation is predicated on the fact that large trials showing cardiovascular protection with antihypertensive drugs used β-blockers and diuretics. Other guidelines suggested all antihypertensives are equal and that drug selection should be individualized. These disparate guidelines arise from the controversy over are all antihypertensives created equal? Since these guidelines, many large hypertension trials have been conducted. This paper will review the recent hypertension trials, the meta-analyses of some of these trials, highlight some of the flaws ...
TY - CHAP. T1 - Acute hypertensive response in intracerebral hemorrhage. AU - Hassan, Ameer E.. AU - Zacharatos, Haralabos. AU - Qureshi, Adnan I. PY - 2009/1/1. Y1 - 2009/1/1. N2 - Acute hypertensive response is the elevation of blood pressure above normal and premorbid values that initially occurs within the first 24 hours of symptom onset in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We reviewed the existing data pertinent to acute hypertensive response derived from scientific guidelines, randomized trials, non-randomized controlled studies, and selected observational studies. Chronic hypertension and intracerebral hemorrhage Incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage and hypertension Spontaneous, non-traumatic ICH from intraparenchymal blood vessels makes up approximately 8-15% of all strokes. Approximately 80-85% are primary spontaneous ICH which are either secondary to arterial hypertension or cerebral amyloid angiopathy. It is estimated that 70% of the primary spontaneous ICH cases are ...
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Many adults have high blood pressure and by the age of 55, more than half of all adults have high blood pressure. Less than half of Americans have their blood pressure under control. The consequences of uncontrolled blood pressure are many throughout the body, and can include damage to almost any organ, including the brain, heart, kidneys, and eyes. An extremely high blood pressure can result in serious damage in a relatively short period of time, even hours. It is important to understand, however, that even a moderately high blood pressure over time can result in serious organ disease as well.. The retina is perfused by a very fine vasculature, that is very fine arteries and veins, which are particulary susceptible to damage from high blood pressure. In many instances, a retinal specialist can note vascular changes consistent with chronic high blood pressure. Prevention of hypertensive disease by early diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure is essential in avoiding unnecessary disease ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Metabolic Syndrome, Proteinuria, and the Risk of Progressive CKD in Hypertensive African Americans. AU - Lea, Janice. AU - Cheek, Deanna. AU - Thornley-Brown, Denise. AU - Appel, Lawrence. AU - Agodoa, Lawrence. AU - Contreras, Gabriel. AU - Gassman, Jennifer. AU - Lash, Jim. AU - Miller, Edgar R.. AU - Randall, Otelio. AU - Wang, Xuelei. AU - McClellan, William. PY - 2008/5/1. Y1 - 2008/5/1. N2 - Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is more likely to progress to kidney failure (end-stage renal disease) in African Americans, although the reasons for this are unclear. Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for the development of diabetes and cardiovascular disease and recently was linked to incident CKD. The purpose of this study is to examine whether metabolic syndrome is associated with kidney disease progression in hypertensive African Americans. Design & Participants: The current study design is a secondary analysis of the African-American Study of Hypertension and Kidney ...
1. Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: analysis of worldwide data. Lancet 2005;365:217-223. 2. Go AS, Mozaffarian D, Roger VL, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics - 2014 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2014;129:e28-292. 3. Franklin SS. Cardiovascular risks related to increased diastolic, systolic and pulse pressure: an epidemiologists point of view. Pathol Biol (Paris) 1999;47:594-603. 4. Franklin SS, Jacobs MJ, Wong ND, LItalien GJ, Lapuerta P. Predominance of isolated systolic hypertension among middle-aged and elderly US hypertensives: analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III. Hypertension 2001;37:869-874. 5. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, et al. The seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: the JNC 7 Report. JAMA 2003;289:2560-2572. 6. Collins R, Peto R, MacMahon S, et ...
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BACKGROUND: The recommendation of the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC VI) to lower blood pressure (BP) in diabetic patients to less than 130/85 mm Hg may hav
As many as 50 percent of overweight men and women with high blood pressure may have hypertension as a result of being overweight, researchers reported today at the American Heart Associations 61st Annual Fall Conference of the Council for High Blood Pressure Research.Researchers in Italy found that about 50 percent of overweight, hypertensive adults, ranging in age from 29 to 65 years, achieved normal body weight and blood pressure after six months of treatment with a reduced-calorie diet.. For related information on high blood pressure and over weight, visit:. Over weight adults have high blood pressure than normal weight people. With high blood pressure and obesity, cardiovascular risk increases by increasing LDL cholesterol. According to the research, obesity increased cardiac output and blood volume and arterial resistance.. Obesity leads to high secretion of insulin in trying to reduce the concentration of excess sugar in blood. The secretion of this insulin is ...
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Novartis AG, Daiichi Sankyo Company Limited, Acetelion Ltd, Boehringer Ingelheim, Sanofi S.A., Astra Zeneca plc, Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited, Inc., Takeda Pharmaceuticals Company Limited, Pfizer Inc. are some of the prominent players at the forefront of competition in the Global Market of Anti-Hypertensive Drugs and are profiled in MRFR Analysis.. Get Free Sample Report @ According to a recent study report published by the Market Research Future, The global market of Anti-Hypertensive Drugs was valued at $32.2 billion in 2015, and is projected to reach $ USD 41.2 billion by 2023. Thus the market is anticipated to observe a sluggish growth; at a CAGR of 2.73% during 2016 to 2022.. Anti-Hypertensive Drugs are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Hypertension is a state of chronic elevated arterial blood pressure at or greater than 140/90 mm Hg for adults. Hypertension is one of the most powerful risk factors for cardiovascular ...
Lower your blood pressure with one single amino acid If. Lower your blood pressure with one single amino. can lead to higher blood pressure by making your.Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted on the artery walls by the pumping blood. High blood pressure. blood pressure is. foods that contain.New MOOD is like a deep breath and a smile in a bottle. and maintaining blood pressure levels already in the normal range. loc_en_US, sid_New_MOOD___, stg,.While high blood pressure is more common,. Causes of Low Blood Pressure During Pregnancy. How to Raise Blood Pressure Naturally.Hyperkalemia (High Blood Potassium). High blood pressure can damage the kidneys and is one of the leading causes of kidney failure. Foods to Help You Concentrate.The Benefits of Black Walnut. People who are taking blood pressure medication should avoid. walnut are available for purchase online and in natural-foods.. ...
DR. WRIGHT: The results of SPRINT are very exciting. This study shows that intensive blood pressure management can prevent the cardiovascular complications of hypertension and save lives. As the NHLBI reported, treating high-risk hypertensive adults age 50 and older reduced cardiovascular events by 30 percent and reduced all-cause mortality by nearly 25 percent when compared with patients treated to a systolic target of 140 mm Hg. SPRINT was designed as a target-based study, which gave physicians flexibility in selecting antihypertensive medications to achieve the assigned blood pressure target. Hypertensive patients with a 10-year Framingham General cardiovascular risk ?15%, age ,75 years of age or pre-existing kidney disease were randomized to intensive blood pressure control (less than 120 mm Hg) or standard blood pressure control (less than 140 mm Hg). In the intensive-therapy arm, patients were treated with three or more antihypertensive medications, including diuretics, calcium channel ...
In light of the new Hypertension guidelines released this month, I wanted to write a post about Naturopathic approaches for blood pressure management. Hypertension, commonly referred to as, High Blood Pressure is a common health condition worldwide. There a variety of causes of hypertension, having to do with the heart, kidneys, liver, endocrine organs and the mind (stress and anxiety). Hypertension can cause symptoms such as palpitations, dizziness, fatigue, and vision changes, depending on how severe it is. Over the past few decades, we have come up with marvelous drugs that manage hypertension quite well. But did you know that most cases of primary essential hypertension are actually due to diet and lifestyle? Similar to many other non-communicable diseases, hypertension can be managed beautifully instead of or in addition to pharmaceutical medications! ...
The decision to appoint a committee for JNC 7 was based on four factors: the publication of many new hypertension observational studies and clinical trials since the last report was published in 1997; the need for a new, clear, and concise guideline that would be useful to clinicians; the need to simplify the classification of BP; and a clear recognition that the JNC reports did not result in maximum benefit to the public. This JNC report is presented in two separate publications. The initial Express version, a succinct practical guide, was published in the May 21, 2003 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. The current, more comprehensive report provides a broader discussion and justification for the recommendations made by the committee. As with prior JNC reports, the committee recognizes that the responsible physicians judgment is paramount in managing his or her patients.. Since the publication of the JNC 6 report, the NHBPEP Coordinating Committee, chaired by the ...
On average, a lower blood pressure goal was no better than the standard blood pressure goal at slowing progression of kidney disease among African-Americans who had chronic kidney disease resulting from high blood pressure, according to results of the African-American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK), the largest and longest study of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in African-Americans. However, the blood pressure goal did benefit people who also had protein in the urine, which is a sign of kidney damage. The study, funded by the National Institutes of Health, appears in the Sept. 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.. Find good dental insurance - ...
High blood pressure is the most common chronic medical problem prompting visits to primary health care providers in USA. The American Heart Association estimated the direct and indirect costs of high blood pressure in 2010 as $76.6 billion.[144] In the US 80% of people with hypertension are aware of their condition, 71% take some antihypertensive medication, but only 48% of people aware that they have hypertension adequately control it.[144] Adequate management of hypertension can be hampered by inadequacies in the diagnosis, treatment, or control of high blood pressure.[164] Health care providers face many obstacles to achieving blood pressure control, including resistance to taking multiple medications to reach blood pressure goals. People also face the challenges of adhering to medicine schedules and making lifestyle changes. Nonetheless, the achievement of blood pressure goals is possible, and most importantly, lowering blood pressure significantly reduces the risk of death due to heart ...
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Most evidence about the effects of blood pressure on the risks of cardiovascular disease derives from two principal sources: prospective non-randomised observational studies of the associations between blood pressure and the incidence of stroke and of coronary heart disease, and randomised trials of antihypertensive drug therapy. The focus of the first part of this chapter concerns the evidence from observational studies, which--despite the possibility of confounding by other risk factors--may be more relevant to the eventual effects of prolonged blood pressure differences on stroke and coronary heart disease risk. The focus of the second part concerns the evidence from randomised trials of antihypertensive drug treatment, which are more relevant to assessing how rapidly, and to what extent, the epidemiologically expected reductions in stroke or in coronary heart disease are produced by suddenly lowering blood pressure in middle and old age.
Hypertensive African Americans often respond poorly to beta-blocker monotherapy, compared with whites. There is evidence, however, that suggests that this response may be different if beta-blockers with vasodilating effects are used. This 12-week, multi-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled study assessed the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of nebivolol, a cardioselective, vasodilating beta1-blocker, at doses of 2.5, 5, 10, 20, or 40 mg once daily in 300 African American patients with stage I or II hypertension (mean sitting diastolic blood pressure [SiDBP] | or =95 mm Hg and | or =109 mm Hg). The primary efficacy end point was the baseline-adjusted change in trough mean SiDBP. After 12 weeks, nebivolol significantly reduced least squares mean SiDBP (P| or =.004) at all doses of 5 mg and higher and sitting systolic blood pressure (P| or =.044) at all doses 10 mg and higher, compared with placebo. The drug was safe and well-tolerated, with no significant difference in the incidence of
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Introduction: High sodium intake is an established risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. The average sodium intake in Koreans was estimated at 4,645mg/day, which was more than two times compared to the recommended amount, 2000mg/day. We assessed whether people who diagnosed with hypertension or treated for hypertension consume less sodium than those without hypertension.. Methods: The present study analyzed data from a total of 6,577 Koreans (3,816 women and 2,761 men) aged 40 years and older, participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV, 2007-2008). Participants were classified into five groups as follows: normal blood pressure, pre-hypertension, hypertension without treatment, hypertension with treatment, and hypertension with complications. The association between sodium intake and hypertension management status was estimated using exponential regression coefficient, adjusted for potential confounders including age, energy intake, ...
Hypertension is a major and correctable cardiovascular risk factor. The correct diagnosis of hypertension and precise assessment of cardiovascular risk are essential to give proper treatment in patients with hypertension. Although echocardiography is the second-line study in the evaluation of hypertensive patients, it gives many clues suggesting bad prognosis associated with hypertension, including increased left ventricular (LV) mass, decreased LV systolic function, impaired LV diastolic function, and increased left atrial size and decreased function. Along with conventional echocardiographic methods, tissue Doppler imaging, three-dimensional echocardiography, and strain echocardiography are newer echocardiographic modalities in the evaluation of hypertensive patients in the current echocardiographic laboratories. Understanding conventional and newer echocardiographic parameters is important in the diagnosis and assessment of cardiovascular risk in hypertensive patients.
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Increased blood pressure is a leading risk for premature death and disability.1 It is estimated that hypertension is the most costly cardiovascular disease, with overall direct costs to health similar to that for stroke, myocardial infarction and other ischemic heart diseases combined.2 Therefore, efforts to detect and control hypertension are of great importance for public health.. Recently, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence in the United Kingdom updated their recommendations for the management of hypertension.3 One of the most substantive changes to their recommendations includes the incorporation of home and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring into the diagnosis of hypertension. These guidelines recommend ambulatory blood pressure monitoring if a patient has had two elevated blood pressure readings (≥ 140/90 mm Hg) during an office visit. If ambulatory monitoring is not available or tolerated, home monitoring should be used. The guidelines recommend pharmacotherapy ...
The most commonly diagnosed medical condition in the United States is high blood pressure, or hypertension, and blood pressure medications are among the top 10 most commonly prescribed drugs. However, these medications can cause undesirable side effects. Its better to address the underlying causes of high blood pressure-research shows diet and lifestyle changes are just as effective or even better than medications in lowering high blood pressure.. Why should you be concerned about high blood pressure? High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure, diabetes and peripheral vascular disease. Thirty percent of the population has high blood pressure, and another 30 percent has pre-hypertension, or somewhat elevated high blood pressure. Men are more likely than women to have high blood pressure before the age of 45, but after 65 the ratio reverses. African Americans and Mexican-Americans are at an increased risk.. ...
High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a condition in which blood pressure levels are measured above the normal ranges. Blood pressure is the force of blood in your arteries. Your blood pressure is high if it is 140/90 or higher. If you have diabetes or chronic kidney disease, 130/80 or higher is considered high blood pressure. High blood pressure increases the risk for heart attack, angina, stroke, kidney failure, and peripheral artery disease. High blood pressure can also cause arteries to age and lose elasticity faster that normal. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of developing fatty deposit in arteries (known as atherosclerosis). The risk of heart failure also increases due to the increased workload that high blood pressure places on the heart.. ...
... is also sub-classified: JNC7 distinguishes hypertension stage I, hypertension stage II, and isolated systolic ... June 2020). "2020 International Society of Hypertension Global Hypertension Practice Guidelines". Hypertension. 75 (6): 1334- ... In 2010 hypertension was believed to have been a factor in 18% of all deaths (9.4 million globally). Hypertension is rarely ... Secondary hypertension is hypertension due to an identifiable cause, and may result in certain specific additional signs and ...
Mann SJ (2008). "Severe paroxysmal hypertension (pseudopheochromocytoma)". Current Hypertension Reports. 10 (1): 12-8. doi: ... Paroxysmal hypertension is episodic and volatile high blood pressure, which may be due to stress of any sort, or from a ... Kuchel O, Buu NT, Larochelle P, Hamet P, Genest J (1986). "Episodic dopamine discharge in paroxysmal hypertension. Page's ... Seck SM, Ka EF, Niang A, Diouf B (2009). "Pseudopheochromocytoma: An uncommon cause of malignant hypertension". Indian Journal ...
... (or, less commonly, inessential hypertension) is a type of hypertension which by definition is caused by ... Williams B et al.; British Hypertension Society; Michael Sutters, MD (2006). "Secondary Hypertension". Hypertension Etiology & ... People with neurogenic hypertension respond poorly to treatment with diuretics as the underlying cause of their hypertension is ... Perioperative hypertension is development of hypertension just before, during or after surgery. It may occur before surgery ...
... is an excessive rise in blood pressure during exercise. Many of those with exercise hypertension have ... Klaus, D. (February 1989). "Management of Hypertension in Actively Exercising Patients: Implications for Drug Selection". Drugs ... involving a group of athletes aged 55 to 75 with mild hypertension has found a correlation of those with exercise hypertension ... Hypertension, All stub articles, Medical sign stubs). ...
... ~treatment at eMedicine Advances in Renal Hypertension Research and Treatment: 2012 Edition: ... It is a form of secondary hypertension - a form of hypertension whose cause is identifiable. Symptoms of renovascular ... Textor, Stephen C. (2014). "Secondary hypertension". Journal of the American Society of Hypertension. 8 (12): 943-5. doi: ... Renovascular hypertension is a condition in which high blood pressure is caused by the kidneys' hormonal response to narrowing ...
... (PPH) is defined by the coexistence of portal and pulmonary hypertension. PPH is a serious ... Hadengue, A; Benhayoun, MK; Lebrec, D; Benhamou, JP (February 1991). "Pulmonary hypertension complicating portal hypertension: ... The diagnosis of portopulmonary hypertension is based on hemodynamic criteria:[citation needed] . Portal hypertension and/or ... Portopulmonary Hypertension: Survival and Prognostic Factors. Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 178. pp 637-643, 2008 Kawut, SM; ...
Association of orthostatic hypertension with mortality in the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program. J Hum Hypertens 33 ... Orthostatic hypertension involving the systolic BP is known as systolic orthostatic hypertension. If affecting an individual's ... More severe orthostatic hypertension may present with the typical symptoms of hypertension. Orthostatic venous pooling is ... Mild or moderate orthostatic hypertension may present without any symptoms other than the orthostatic hypertension BP findings ...
... is the presence of elevated fluid pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure), usually with no optic ... Ocular hypertension is treated with either medications or laser. Medications that lower intraocular pressure work by decreasing ... "Ocular Hypertension, Glaucoma & Eye Drops" (PDF). American Academy of Ophthalmology. June 2002. Archived from the original (PDF ... The LiGHT trial compared the effectiveness of eye drops and selective laser trabeculoplasty for ocular hypertension and open ...
... in patients with previously well-managed hypertension. Refractory hypertension is characterized by a blood pressure that ... Refractory Hypertension, also known as a refractory hypertensive state, RfHTN, or status angiotensus, is a hypertensive ... Patients with refractory hypertension typically exhibit increased sympathetic nervous system activity. The phenotype of ... refractory hypertension was first proposed in a retrospective analysis of patients referred to the University of Alabama at ...
In medicine, systolic hypertension is defined as an elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP).[citation needed] If the systolic ...
... or benign essential hypertension are historical terms that are considered misleading, as hypertension is ... v t e (Hypertension, All stub articles, Medicine stubs). ... see history of hypertension). The terminology persisted in the ...
"About Hypertension". Hypertension. Retrieved 30 Sep 2020. "Instructions to Authors". Hypertension. American Heart Association. ... "Source details: Hypertension". Scopus Preview. Elsevier. Retrieved 2019-09-11. "Hypertension". 2020 Journal Citation Reports. ... "Hypertension". NLM Catalog. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2019-09-11. "Hypertension". MIAR: ... Hypertension is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal that was established in 1979. It is published on behalf of the ...
National Clinical Guideline Centre (UK) (2011). Hypertension: The Clinical Management of Primary Hypertension in Adults: Update ... Paroxysmal hypertension: Occur randomly during the day but it is said that paroxysmal hypertension are caused by repressed ... as well as decrease the risk of labile hypertension. There are two different types of hypertension, though, the underlying ... "Labile hypertension: characteristics of a referred cohort". Clinical and Experimental Hypertension. 35 (3): 207-212. doi: ...
... is defined as a hepatic venous pressure gradient greater than 5 mmHg. Cirrhosis (a form of chronic liver ... Portal hypertension is abnormally increased portal venous pressure - blood pressure in the portal vein and its branches, that ... A dilated portal vein (diameter of greater than 13 or 15 mm) is a sign of portal hypertension, with a sensitivity estimated at ... Ultrasonography (US) is the first-line imaging technique for the diagnosis and follow-up of portal hypertension because it is ...
... and the European Society of Hypertension". Journal of Hypertension. Wolters Kluwer. 37 (8): 1541-1546. doi:10.1097/HJH. ... Supine hypertension is a paradoxical elevation in blood pressure upon assuming a supine position from a standing or sitting ... Naschitz, J E; Slobodin, G; Elias, N; Rosner, I (April 2006). "The patient with supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension ... Naschitz, J. E.; Slobodin, G.; Elias, N.; Rosner, I. (2006). "The patient with supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension ...
... (also called primary hypertension, or idiopathic hypertension) is the form of hypertension that by ... British Hypertension Society) (2006). Sutters M (ed.). "Hypertension Etiology & Classification - Secondary Hypertension". ... Hypertension is one of the most common complex disorders. The etiology of hypertension differs widely amongst individuals ... Obesity can increase the risk of hypertension to fivefold as compared with normal weight, and up to two-thirds of hypertension ...
4-month-old with pulmonary hypertension as seen on ultrasound 4-month-old with pulmonary hypertension as seen on ultrasound 4- ... "How Is Pulmonary Hypertension Diagnosed?". National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Frank Gaillard. "Pulmonary hypertension ... Accessed: 2015 "Pulmonary Hypertension. About Pulmonary Hypertension , Patient". Patient. Archived from the original on 2016-01 ... The Merck Manual Home Edition: Pulmonary Hypertension Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pulmonary hypertension. Scholia ...
Hypertension may refer to the following: Hypertension without a qualifier usually refers to arterial hypertension (high blood ... malignant hypertension) Ocular hypertension is elevated pressure inside the eye (intraocular pressure) Pulmonary hypertension, ... Pregnancy-induced hypertension is newly diagnosed arterial hypertension in pregnant women White coat hypertension occurs in a ... in the portal vein or portocaval system Intracranial hypertension refers to increased pressure inside the skull Hypertension ( ...
... or pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) is the development of new hypertension in a pregnant woman ... hypertension (particularly gestational hypertension) and renal disease Pre-existing hypertension Thrombophilias (anti- ... High blood pressure is the major sign in diagnosing gestational hypertension. Some women with gestational hypertension may ... Gestational hypertension Gestational hypertension is usually defined as having a blood pressure higher than 140/90 measured on ...
... are clinical outcomes that result from persistent elevation of blood pressure. Hypertension is a ... Treatment of hypertension convincingly decreases the incidence of both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Hypertension is also ... Diabetes associated to Hypertension About health portal. 2010-02-09 Medical Journal of Australia. "Hypertension and Diabetes ... Ergul A (July 2000). "Hypertension in black patients: an emerging role of the endothelin system in salt-sensitive hypertension ...
... (WHD) is a day designated and initiated by The World Hypertension League (WHL), which is itself an ... International Society of Hypertension (ISH) (Hypertension, Cardiology, Health awareness days, May observances). ... May 2006). "The 2006 Canadian Hypertension Education Program recommendations for the management of hypertension: Part I--Blood ... "World Hypertension Day 2021:Date,Theme,History,Prevention,Significance". S A NEWS. 2021-05-17. Retrieved 2021-05-18. Campbell ...
Xue Z, Wang X, Liu F, Hu S, Zhu S, Zhang S, Bu B (February 2009). "Intracranial hypertension syndrome in systemic lupus ... Intracranial hypertension syndrome is characterized by an elevated intracranial pressure, papilledema, and headache with ... Sismanis A (August 1987). "Otologic manifestations of benign intracranial hypertension syndrome: diagnosis and management". ...
Three female pulmonary hypertension patients came together in 1987 with the hope of reaching other pulmonary hypertension ... The goal was to connect pulmonary hypertension patients with one another, help locate pulmonary hypertension specialists and ... United Patients Association for Pulmonary Hypertension officially changed its name to the Pulmonary Hypertension Association ( ... The Pulmonary Hypertension Association (PHA) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that provides support, education, advocacy, ...
The slavery hypertension hypothesis proposes that disproportionately high rates of hypertension among black people in the New ... v t e (Hypertension, Hypotheses, Slavery in the United States, Race and health in the United States, All stub articles, ... if that were so, a sizable number of today's West Africans would similarly exhibit hypertension as their own salt consumption ... Richard Cooper has shown, for example, that the prevalence of hypertension among Nigerians is significantly lower than white ...
About 90-95% of hypertension is essential hypertension. Some authorities define essential hypertension as that which has no ... The pathophysiology of hypertension is an area which attempts to explain mechanistically the causes of hypertension, which is a ... Secondary hypertension indicates that the hypertension is a result of a specific underlying condition with a well-known ... Esler M (June 2000). "The sympathetic system and hypertension". American Journal of Hypertension. 13 (6 Pt 2): 99S-105S. doi: ...
... had masked hypertension, and 15% had sustained hypertension. Even patients taking medication for sustained hypertension who are ... White coat hypertension (WHT), more commonly known as white coat syndrome, is a form of labile hypertension in which people ... "Hypertension: Overview". eMedicine. Swan, Norman (20 June 2010). Health Minutes - Hypertension. Archived from the original on ... Many problems have been incurred in the diagnosis and treatment of white coat hypertension. Masked hypertension (MH) is the ...
Moser M (August 2006). "Historical perspectives on the management of hypertension". Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 8 (8 ... Moser M (August 2006). "Historical perspectives on the management of hypertension". Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 8 (8 ... In the late 19th and early to mid 20th centuries, many therapies were used to treat hypertension, but few were effective, and ... The term essential hypertension ('Essentielle Hypertonie') was coined by Eberhard Frank in 1911 to describe elevated blood ...
... (IIH), previously known as pseudotumor cerebri and benign intracranial hypertension, is a ... The disease was renamed benign intracranial hypertension in 1955 to distinguish it from intracranial hypertension due to life- ... Idiopathic intracranial hypertension at Curlie (CS1: long volume value, CS1 German-language sources (de), Articles with short ... Venous sinus stenoses leading to venous hypertension appear to play a significant part in relation to raised ICP, and stenting ...
Hypertension is managed using lifestyle modification and antihypertensive medications. Hypertension is usually treated to ... If hypertension is high enough to justify immediate use of medications, lifestyle changes are still recommended in conjunction ... A long-term (more than 4-week) low-sodium diet is effective in reducing blood pressure, both in people with hypertension and in ... If there are benefits to treating people with mild hypertension, they appear to occur primarily among those at highest risk, ...
It is the official journal of the International Society of Hypertension and the European Society of Hypertension. The journal ... Official website International Society of Hypertension European Society of Hypertension v t e (Articles with short description ... "Editorial Board". Journal of Hypertension. Retrieved 22 October 2020. "Journal of Hypertension". 2020 Journal Citation Reports ... Journal of Hypertension is a peer-reviewed medical journal published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins that was established in ...
Trends in Hypertension from Health, United States. *Tables of Summary Health Statistics from the National Health Interview ... Urban-rural Differences in Visits to Office-based Physicians by Adults With Hypertension: United States, 2014-2016 [PDF - 276 ... Percent of adults aged 18 and over with hypertension (measured high blood pressure and/or taking antihypertensive medication): ... Number of deaths from essential hypertension and hypertensive renal disease: 42,816. *Deaths per 100,000 population from ...
Hypertension is abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to ... Hypertension usually has no symptoms, and many affected individuals do not know they have the condition. However, hypertension ... Hypertension can have a variety of causes. Secondary hypertension results from other disorders that raise blood pressure in ... Hypertension tends to run in families. Individuals whose parents have hypertension have an elevated risk of developing the ...
Read full-text medical journal articles from Medscapes Hypertension Perspective. ... Dr Neil Skolnik discusses the rationale for the new lower blood pressure target for adults with hypertension.. Medscape Family ...
1956)‎. Cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. World Health Organization. ...
Ocular hypertension (OHT) can be used as a generic term referring to any situation in which intraocular pressure (IOP) is ... The Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) states that over a 5-year-period, patients with ocular hypertension and IOP ... Management of ocular hypertension: a cost-effectiveness approach from the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study. Am J Ophthalmol ... encoded search term (Ocular Hypertension) and Ocular Hypertension What to Read Next on Medscape ...
PPH is also termed precapillary pulmonary hypertension or, more recently, idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). ... Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare disease characterized by elevated pulmonary artery pressure with no apparent ... Fast Five Quiz: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Treatment * Fast Five Quiz: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Presentation and ... IPAH is also termed precapillary pulmonary hypertension and was previously termed primary pulmonary hypertension. The term IPAH ...
... - Featured Topics from the National Center for Health Statistics ... Hypertension Prevalence and Control Among Adults: United States, 2011-2014. Hypertension is a public health challenge in the ... Characteristics of Adults with Hypertension who are Unaware of their Hypertension, NHANES 2011-2014. Questions for Ryne Paulose ... What made you want to do a report on adults with hypertension who are unaware of their hypertension? RP: We have a number of ...
In 1993 evidence from the Egyptian Hypertension Project highlighted hypertension as a national public health problem that must ... STOP-Hypertension]‎, and the British Medical Research Council Trial on treatment of hypertension in older adults. All three ... Khalil, H.H. (‎1996)‎. Hypertension in elderly Egyptians. EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 2 (‎2)‎, 206-210, 1996 ... These were the American Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program [‎SHEP]‎, the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with ...
Pulmonary Hypertension Association Headquarters 1629 K St., Suite 300 Washington D.C., 20006 Billing and Mailing Address 8401 ... People with pulmonary hypertension may be at higher risk of serious complications from COVID-19. Learn more about COVID-19 and ... Youre an active contributor to the workforce…and you have just been diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension. After speaking ...
Hypertension affects nearly 75 million American adults and is associated with 7.5 million annual deaths worldwide. Are you ... Hypertension, or high blood pressure (BP), affects approximately 75 million adults (aged ≥20 years) in the United States. ... Various guidelines for the management of hypertension are available. Most groups, including the Joint National Committee on ... Are you familiar with key aspects and important guideline recommendations regarding the management of hypertension? Refresh and ...
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Learn about pulmonary hypertension, which happens when the pressure in the blood vessels leading from the heart to the lungs is ... Pulmonary Hypertension Association. References. *George MG, Schieb L, Ayala C, Talwalkar A, Levant S. Pulmonary hypertension ... How is pulmonary hypertension treated?. There is no cure for pulmonary hypertension. However, there are many different types of ... What is pulmonary hypertension?. Pulmonary hypertension happens when the pressure in the blood vessels leading from the heart ...
Obesity Spreads Through Friends, Family, Study Finds People whose friends and family members gain weight are more likely to become obese themselves, according to a study in this weeks New England Journal of Medicine. NewsHour health correspondent Susan Dentzer discusses the findings.. ...
... including hypertension.[3] The mechanisms relating obesity to hypertension are complex, and the treatment of hypertension among ... Treatment of the obese patient with hypertension requires consideration of physiologic changes related to obesity hypertension ... Antihypertensives in Obesity Hypertension: Potential Benefits and Adverse Effects Drug Class. Potential Benefit. Potential ... Therapeutic Considerations in the Treatment of Obesity Hypertension Marion R. Wofford, MD, MPH; Margaret Miller Davis, MD; ...
hypertension. Eating right is an important part of controlling your blood pressure. These tips can help you change your diet ... or Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. In several studies, DASH has been helpful in reducing blood pressure, especially ...
I. Pulmonary Hypertension: What every physician needs to know.. Pulmonary hypertension is defined as mean pulmonary arterial ... Pulmonary hypertension therefore is a description rather than a diagnosis. Once pulmonary hypertension is detected, careful ... C. History Part 3: Competing diagnoses that can mimic Pulmonary Hypertension?. If we were to start with pulmonary hypertension ... Diagnostic Confirmation: Are you sure your patient has Pulmonary Hypertension?. Pulmonary hypertension is often first suspected ...
Hypertension-Stroke Cooperative Study Group JAMA. 1974 Jul 22;229(4):409-18. doi: 10.1001/jama.1974.03230420021019. ...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease without effective treatment. Despite decades of research and the ... MicroRNAs in pulmonary arterial hypertension Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2015 Feb;52(2):139-51. doi: 10.1165/rcmb.2014-0166TR. ... Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease without effective treatment. Despite decades of research and the ... Furthermore, normalization of a few miRNAs is reported to inhibit experimental pulmonary hypertension. We have reviewed the ...
Posts about Hypertension written by David L. Hoffmann BSc Hons MNIMH ... Elevation of systolic and/or diastolic BP, either primary (essential hypertension) or secondary. ...
Official Journal of the: International Society of Hypertension European Society of Hypertension ... Journal of Hypertension. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and ...
And when it comes to blood pressure, acupuncture may reduce your hypertension - but only if youre not taking any other ... Acupunctures Benefits Include Lowering Blood Pressure: How The Ancient Chinese Therapy Treats Hypertension. Sep 3, 2015 03:09 ... examined the effects of acupuncture on 65 hypertensive patients who werent on any hypertension meds. The participants were ... Long-Lasting Reduction of Blood Pressure by Electroacupuncture in Patients with Hypertension: Randomized Controlled Trial. ...
Treatment for hypertension can include medications such as beta-blockers and lifestyle adjustments such as maintaining a ... Living with hypertension. Since hypertension often. does not produce symptoms, it has the name "the silent killer." In addition ... Treatment for resistant hypertension. Doctors define resistant hypertension as blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg after ... Hypertension affects nearly half. of adults in the United States. It can cause damage to the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, and ...
How do its components protect from hypertension? They influence on factors associated with the pathophysiology of hypertension ... Virgin olive oil and hypertension. Bentham Science Publishers. Journal. Current Vascular Pharmacology. DOI. 10.2174/ ... Virgin olive oil and hypertension This research article by Dr. Sergio Lopez et al. is published in Current Vascular ... Virgin olive oil helps in preventing and treating hypertension but its full power arises as part of the Mediterranean dDiet in ...
The prevalence of hypertension among those over age 50 is about 50%; hypertension is among the most treatable, but undertreated ... 2007 guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension: the task force for the management of arterial hypertension of the ... rate of hypertension control), and clinical outcomes (all cause mortality, incidence of hypertension related adverse outcomes: ... We censored patients at the date of the occurrence of the first hypertension related outcome, date of death, date of loss to ...
Read medical definition of Familial primary pulmonary hypertension ... Familial primary pulmonary hypertension: See: Pulmonary hypertension.. QUESTION. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) ... Medical Definition of Familial primary pulmonary hypertension. *Medical Editor: Charles Patrick Davis, MD, PhD ...
<div style="margin:20px;"> <div class="imageleft whiteimg" style="width: 200px;margin:15px;"> <img alt="Radio announcer" src="/images/specialprojects/6599announcer.jpg" /> <p class="credit">iStockphoto</p> </div> <!-- <div class="imageright whiteimg" style="width: 200px;margin:15px;"> <img alt="Radio buttons" src="/images/specialprojects/6599radio-buttons.jpg"> <p class="credit" align="right">stock.xchng</p> </div> --> <p> You can download these professionally produced <strong>60-second</strong> audio files to play on your own radio programs, church website or even personal website. </p> <p>The clips deal with some of the most-asked questions and topical subjects in the media today.</p> <p> Each clip has been
  • And now, a new study recently presented at the American Heart Association's Hypertension Scientific Sessions 2022 estimates that 8.8 million Americans between the ages of 35 and 64 have untreated stage 1 hypertension . (
  • According to a 2022 study, non-Hispanic Black adults have the highest rates of hypertension , at approximately 58% for both Black men and women. (
  • Sep 23 2022 This Week in Cardiology The PROTECTED TAVR trial of an embolic protection device, renal denervation for hypertension, percutaneouls left atrial appendage closure, and deprescribing aspirin are discussed in this weeks podcast. (
  • As of 2022, CDC has recognized 143 Hypertension Control Champions across 42 states and the District of Columbia. (
  • Multiple metabolic abnormalities associated with insulin resistance and increased cardiovascular risk such as dyslipidaemia, obesity and hypertension are already present at diagnosis. (
  • In Africa, diagnosis, care and control of hypertension are constrained by low awareness about the condition, limited access to health services, overburdened health systems, health workforce challenges, lack of access to affordable medicines and non-compliance with drug regimens. (
  • This approach aims to reinforce the capacity of district hospitals and other first-level referral facilities for early diagnosis and subsequent management of severe noncommunicable diseases, including complicated hypertension, to lower deaths. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension therefore is a description rather than a diagnosis. (
  • Once pulmonary hypertension is detected, careful diagnostic steps are necessary to ensure accurate diagnosis, followed by appropriate evidence-based treatment. (
  • Fast forwarding to the current era, the typical PAH patient tends to be older and with other comorbidities either linking with pulmonary hypertension or challenging its timely diagnosis and treatment. (
  • 5 Studies indicate consistently that one third of people with a known diagnosis of hypertension are either untreated or uncontrolled. (
  • identify research priorities for the improved diagnosis and treatment of primary hypertension in the pediatric population. (
  • discuss the current state of hypertension epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment in the pediatric population. (
  • Leading experts in the field have been invited to identify research priorities for the improved diagnosis and treatment of hypertension in the pediatric population. (
  • In an individual with suspected pulmonary hypertension, PPH is the diagnosis of exclusion. (
  • Chest radiographs reveal a number of findings in pulmonary hypertension and may assist in the differential diagnosis of PH by showing signs suggesting lung disease or pulmonary venous congestion due to left heart disease. (
  • Read on to learn more about chronic hypertension and its causes, diagnosis, and potential negative affects on the body. (
  • Thankfully, the diagnosis of hypertension is straightforward. (
  • Episode 5: Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension Drs Vallerie McLaughlin and Richard Channick discuss the diagnosis and treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. (
  • The aim was identify the social representation of arterial hypertension and your treatment for people with this diagnosis. (
  • Maron BA, Galiè N. Diagnosis, Treatment, and Clinical Management of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in the Contemporary Era: A Review. (
  • Benza RL, Miller DP, Barst RJ, Badesch DB, Frost AE, McGoon MD. An evaluation of long-term survival from time of diagnosis in pulmonary arterial hypertension from the REVEAL Registry. (
  • 60% predicted, and no prior diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension. (
  • These were the American Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program [‎SHEP]‎, the Swedish Trial in Old Patients with Hypertension [‎STOP-Hypertension]‎, and the British Medical Research Council Trial on treatment of hypertension in older adults. (
  • This quick reference guide aims to provide a readily accessible overview of the evidence-based facts regarding the management of hypertension patients with diabetes mellitus. (
  • They have been formulated to help improve the detection and management of hypertension in patients with diabetes mellitus, and hence decrease the associated microvascular and macrovascular complications. (
  • This issue is of paramount importance since close to 60% of patients with diabetes are known to have hypertension. (
  • It is important to emphasize that hypertension is but one element of the metabolic syndrome in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (
  • People with diabetes and hypertension have a two-fold increased risk of cardiovascular mortality compared to patients with diabetes alone. (
  • Referral of patients with pulmonary hypertension diagnoses to tertiary pulmonary hypertension centers. (
  • [ 3 ] The mechanisms relating obesity to hypertension are complex, and the treatment of hypertension among obese individuals is challenging for patients and health care providers alike. (
  • Recent studies suggest that microRNAs (miRNAs) are dysregulated in patients with PAH and in experimental pulmonary hypertension. (
  • For patients with World Health Organization (WHO) group I cause of pulmonary hypertension, also known as pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), the Pawp should be less than 15 mm Hg. (
  • The latest study , published in the journal Medical Acupuncture , examined the effects of acupuncture on 65 hypertensive patients who weren't on any hypertension meds. (
  • Objective To assess the impact of a pay for performance incentive on quality of care and outcomes among UK patients with hypertension in primary care. (
  • Participants 470 725 patients with hypertension diagnosed between January 2000 and August 2007. (
  • Intervention The UK pay for performance incentive (the Quality and Outcomes Framework), which was implemented in April 2004 and included specific targets for general practitioners to show high quality care for patients with hypertension (and other diseases). (
  • Cumulative incidence of major hypertension related outcomes and all cause mortality for subgroups of newly treated (treatment started six months before pay for performance) and treatment experienced (started treatment in year before January 2001) patients to examine different stages of illness. (
  • The following list of publications should provide valuable resources and highlight the effectiveness of the AMA's Measure Accurately, Act Rapidly and Partner with Patients (AMA MAP BP™) hypertension quality improvement program, the importance of accurate BP measurement and effective management of hypertension and the need for enhancing health equity and reducing disparities in hypertension control and treatment. (
  • Pediatric hypertension, occurring in 2%-5% of all pediatric patients, is one of the top five chronic diseases in children and adolescents. (
  • Nationwide, China has 270 million hypertension patients, and the condition continues to become more widespread, according to the National Health and Family Planning Commission. (
  • Where EHR-alone and EHR-plus-education interventions did show a benefit was in hypertension medication reconciliation, though only patients that got the nurse-led education intervention showed better understanding of medication instructions and dosing than did the usual care arm at 1 year. (
  • The individuals they managed to recruit were English-speaking patients with hypertension who said they were on three or more medications of any kind. (
  • Most patients with secondary pulmonary hypertension do not require right-heart catheterization before beginning a trial with vasodilators. (
  • Findings in patients with pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) include central pulmonary arterial dilatation, which contrasts with 'pruning' (loss) of the peripheral blood vessels. (
  • The authors report on 17 pregnancies of 7 patients with extrahepatic portal hypertension (EPH). (
  • Most patients with Primary pulmonary hypertension are treated at centers which specialize in the care of these patients. (
  • The Challenge will identify clinicians and practices that have prioritized hypertension control and are helping their patients live free of heart attacks and strokes. (
  • The Million Hearts ® Hypertension Control Challenge identifies clinicians and practices that have demonstrated exceptional achievements in working with their patients to control hypertension. (
  • In patients with hypertension and diabetes, pharmacologic treatment should be initiated when blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg or higher, regardless of age. (
  • According to the JNC 8 guidelines, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, CCBs, and thiazide diuretics are equally efficacious in hypertensive nonblack populations, whereas CCBs and thiazide diuretics are favored in black patients with hypertension. (
  • Exercise and respiratory training improve exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with severe chronic pulmonary hypertension. (
  • Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in patients with schistosomal liver fibrosis. (
  • The changing picture of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in the United States: how REVEAL differs from historic and non-US Contemporary Registries. (
  • Survival in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. (
  • In most cases, hypertension does not present any symptoms ('silent killer'), which is why of about 15 million Italian hypertensive patients, only half are aware of it. (
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the perception of dentists of the Family Health Program in Campina Grande-PB in approaching patients with hypertension. (
  • Regarding the oral manifestations in patients with hypertension, no professionals answered the questions correctly in the first interview, however 69.7% answered correctly in the second interview. (
  • Borderline elevation of mean pulmonary artery pressure (BoPAP) -- 21 to 24 mm Hg -- may represent an intermediate stage between normal pulmonary artery pressures and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with systemic sclerosis, researchers stated. (
  • Patients eligible for the current study had a pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) ≤15 mm Hg, no significant interstitial lung disease, no systemic hypertension, and no left atrial enlargement. (
  • A new consensus survey of expert opinions was published regarding the use of oral prostacyclin pathway agents in patients with various forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who received dual endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA)/phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5i) therapy. (
  • Treatment with vasodilators is often ineffective in patients with longstanding pulmonary hypertension in which structural changes contribute significantly to the pulmonary hypertension, blood flow obstruction and right heart failure. (
  • Thank You for Your Interest in the 2023 Million Hearts ® Hypertension Control Challenge! (
  • The application period for the 2023 Million Hearts ® Hypertension Control Challenge has ended. (
  • Check back later for updates on our 2023 Hypertension Control Champions . (
  • On World Hypertension Day, experts said it is high time to count high blood pressure as a public health emergency in India. (
  • The ESC Council on Hypertension supports the World Hypertension Day and is pleased to recommend a selection of resources on hypertension management. (
  • Professor Gianfranco Parati, Chairperson-Elect of the ESC Council on Hypertension, interviews Professor Xin-Hua Zhang, President of the World Hypertension League, on the occasion of World Hypertension Day. (
  • Various guidelines for the management of hypertension are available. (
  • Are you familiar with key aspects and important guideline recommendations regarding the management of hypertension? (
  • Home-use blood pressure cuffs led to better management of hypertension (high blood pressure). (
  • Some common underlying causes of pulmonary hypertension include high blood pressure in the lungs' arteries due to some types of congenital heart disease, connective tissue disease, coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, liver disease (cirrhosis), blood clots to the lungs, and chronic lung diseases like emphysema. (
  • Twenty-seven countries have been supported, through an approach known as WHO-PEN, to decentralize the management of noncommunicable diseases, including hypertension, at primary health care level. (
  • Elevation of systolic and/or diastolic BP, either primary (essential hypertension) or secondary. (
  • The history of PAH can be traced back to the aminorex (diet pill) epidemic in Europe causing primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH, the prior term for what we now call idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension) back in the 1960s and 70s. (
  • Excessive adiposity raises blood pressure and accounts for 65-75% of primary hypertension, which is a major driver of cardiovascular and kidney diseases. (
  • Excessive weight gain, especially when associated with visceral obesity, raises blood pressure and is the most important known risk factor for primary (essential) hypertension. (
  • Appropriate detection and treatment of primary pediatric hypertension will require an extensive knowledge of the epidemiology and current diagnostic criteria for primary pediatric hypertension (Module 1), the pathophysiology of primary pediatric hypertension (Module 2), and of the current knowledge of and future directions in the treatment of primary pediatric hypertension (Module 3). (
  • The most common type of high blood pressure is called primary hypertension . (
  • Primary hypertension is more common in people who are overweight or obese , and those who have high blood pressure in their family. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension may be divided into primary and secondary forms. (
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a disease of unknown etiology, whereas secondary pulmonary arterial hypertension (SPAH) is due to either intrinsic parenchymal disease of the lung or disease extrinsic to the lung. (
  • The cause of Primary pulmonary hypertension is unknown. (
  • Primary pulmonary hypertension in HIV infection. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension can occur idiopathically as a primary disorder of the pulmonary circulation or more commonly, it can exist as a haemodynamic manifestation of a wide variety of pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, including acute lung injury, chronic obstructive lung disease, congenital heart disease, mitral stenosis, chronic left-sided congestive heart failure and connective tissue diseases such as scleroderma. (
  • After adjustment for potentially confounding variables, logistic regression gave odds ratios (ORs) for the highest to lowest tertiles of total serum PCBs that exceeded 3.5 for both systolic and diastolic hypertension. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Systolic hypertension. (
  • Systolic hypertension. (
  • Prakash C, Gupta MS. Systolic hypertension. (
  • Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which your systolic blood pressure also knows as top number value is more than 130 mm Hg and your diastolic blood pressure value also known as the bottom number is more than 80 mm Hg. (
  • Based on multiple readings ( BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION ), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more. (
  • The renal and neurohormonal pathways of obesity and hypertension are intertwined. (
  • Prolonged obesity and progressive renal injury often lead to the development of treatment-resistant hypertension. (
  • Fig. 3: Mechanisms of obesity-induced hypertension, renal injury and cardiovascular disease. (
  • Arterial hypertension in renal graft recipient is defined as the blood pressure higher than 140/90 mmHg. (
  • The blood pressure frequently rises after kidney transplantation, as hypertension develops in up to 60 to 80 or more percent of renal allograft recipients. (
  • How to Treat Hypertension That Occurs Due to Cancer Treatment? (
  • By the way, he quietly stretched out his right foot and gently treat hypertension remedies group of scorched mosaics on the ground to the side Still, Elida Serna was more concerned about her schoolgirls, and sneaked into Shirai after a rude blond girl She was hurriedly pulled up in the nearby crater The team is back on the road. (
  • What's the best way to treat hypertension during pregnancy? (
  • Even if you answer no to both, the best way to cure disease is to prevent it all together, so how can you incorporate the DASH diet in your daily eating to prevent or treat hypertension? (
  • Obesity, now recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is closely associated with hypertension. (
  • These publications highlight the importance of accurate BP measurement and effective treatment of hypertension to achieve improved BP control in effort to reduce the impact of cardiovascular disease and help improve heart health in U.S. adults with hypertension. (
  • Celebrated on 17 May, this year's theme promotes a healthy lifestyle through prevention of hypertension, stroke and cardiovascular disease. (
  • CKD is characterized by a high burden of comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and others. (
  • Assessment of cardiovascular disease primarily includes Confirmation of hypertension, Risk factors, Fundamental causes, organ injury & Indications & contraindications of medication. (
  • Delay in recognition of pulmonary arterial hypertension: factors identified from the REAL Registry. (
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease without effective treatment. (
  • Being diagnosed with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) may be overwhelming. (
  • 1 Elevated PA pressure (PAP) can be caused by abnormalities in the precapillary pulmonary arterioles, called pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), or by abnormalities that increase left atrial pressure resulting in back pressure on the pulmonary circulation, called pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH). (
  • We searched MEDLINE (1980 to present) and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews using a variety of search terms, including "pulmonary hypertension," "pulmonary arterial hypertension," "chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension" and "pulmonary endarterectomy. (
  • 1 , 4 WHO group 1 refers to pulmonary arterial hypertension, characterized by the progressive remodelling, narrowing and obliteration of small pulmonary arteries due to proliferation of smooth muscle and endothelial cells, vascular wall inflammation and fibrosis. (
  • Nevertheless, control rates are disturbingly poor and arterial hypertension is observed in the majority of this patient population. (
  • Cellular and molecular pathobiology of pulmonary arterial hypertension. (
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension: epidemiology and registries. (
  • Prevalence of HIV-related pulmonary arterial hypertension in the current antiretroviral therapy era. (
  • Validation of two predictive models for survival in pulmonary arterial hypertension. (
  • McLaughlin V. Managing pulmonary arterial hypertension and optimizing treatment options: prognosis of pulmonary artery hypertension. (
  • Causes and circumstances of death in pulmonary arterial hypertension. (
  • Due to the high prevalence of arterial hypertension and its role in the development of atherosclerosis , myocardial infarction and stroke , hypertension is a major public health challenge worldwide. (
  • Risk factors for pulmonary arterial hypertension in systemic sclerosis. (
  • Results of an expert consensus survey on the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension with oral prostacyclin pathway agents [published online November 16, 2019]. (
  • If you have been diagnosed with high blood pressure , aka hypertension, you're not alone: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) , 116 million American adults (47 percent! (
  • Hypertension is abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries, which are the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the rest of the body. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension happens when the pressure in the blood vessels leading from the heart to the lungs is too high. (
  • While not all pulmonary hypertension can be prevented, you can take steps to prevent it by making healthy lifestyle changes and managing high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, chronic liver disease, and chronic lung disease from tobacco use. (
  • Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure. (
  • Pediatric pulmonary hypertension is high blood pressure that builds up in the blood vessels that exchange oxygen between the heart and lungs. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension occurs when high blood pressure builds up in arteries in the lungs, preventing the heart and lungs from working properly together. (
  • When a child has pulmonary hypertension, blood pressure on the right side of the heart is too high due to either a lung or a heart problem. (
  • In Telangana, as many as 13 lakh people were found to have high blood pressure (hypertension), stated Health Minister T. Harish Rao. (
  • High blood pressure, or hypertension , is when the force of the blood pushing on the blood vessel walls is too high. (
  • When a medical problem is found that is causing high blood pressure, it is called secondary hypertension . (
  • An NHLBI video about high blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common condition that occurs when your blood pressure-the force of the blood on the walls of your arteries-is often too high. (
  • Half of all Americans have high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, and many don't even know they have it. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension is when the blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs is abnormally high. (
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  • It further adds, "The petitioner himself has been a patient of hypertension and high blood pressure and requires frequent medical supervision and monitoring. (
  • The reverse of "white coat hypertension" (higher blood pressure readings at the doctor's office than outside the clinic setting), "masked hypertension" is normal blood pressure in the doctor's office but high readings outside of the office. (
  • Less than half - 48 percent - of older Americans who have high blood pressure (hypertension) or a health issue related to their blood pressure check their blood pressure regularly, according to research published in the journal JAMA Network Open. (
  • High blood pressure is also known as hypertension (or gestational hypertension, if you developed it during pregnancy). (
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is characterized by a persistent increase in this pressure, even when a person is at rest. (
  • If it stays high for a long time, it is called hypertension and can damage your heart and lead to health problems. (
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  • High blood pressure in the blood vessels within your lungs is known as pulmonary hypertension . (
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  • One of the most common risk factors for heart diseases is hypertension or more commonly known as high blood pressure. (
  • Is herbal tea good for high blood pressure medication for hypertension . (
  • Early in the twentieth century, before chronic high blood pressure (hypertension) was even recognized as a serious medical condition, colonial physicians in Africa had already developed an interest in the apparent absence of hypertension among indigenous black populations. (
  • For example, the editor of the American Journal of Cardiology wrote in 2001 that "[i]t is this selective survival among the descendants of surviving slaves of genes responsible for an increased ability to hold on to salt that is now responsible for the exceptionally high prevalence of hypertension in African-Americans" (Roberts 2001, p. 1344). (
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  • Do you have a history of high blood pressure in your family or do you suffer from hypertension? (
  • This guideline covers diagnosing and managing hypertension (high blood pressure), including preeclampsia, during pregnancy, labour and birth. (
  • Globally, around 21% of adults aged over 30 years have hypertension under control, and 42% are taking medication for the condition. (
  • According to the American College of Cardiology (ACC), a person should start hypertension treatment involving lifestyle changes, and sometimes medication, when their blood pressure reaches 130/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) . (
  • Importantly, neither intervention improved hypertension medication adherence or knowledge of chronic drug indications, Persell and colleagues found. (
  • The problem with any kind of hypertension medication is that once you start you need to take them forever. (
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  • Sometimes a man can buy Cialis online and take medication instead of pills for hypertension. (
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  • Another major and unique cause of pulmonary hypertension worthy of a separate classification group is chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH, WHO group IV). (
  • But in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) , the blood pressure in your lungs can rise, often to dangerous levels. (
  • While this relatively rare condition can be life threatening, there's good news: CTEPH is the only type of pulmonary hypertension that can be completely resolved with surgery in some people. (
  • CTEPH is a form of pulmonary hypertension that can occur when a patient develops a chronic pulmonary embolism , where an embolism ( clot ) gets stuck in one of the lung's blood vessels and turns into scar-like tissue. (
  • When properly treated, people with CTEPH can live as long as those without any history of pulmonary hypertension. (
  • Secondary hypertension results from other disorders that raise blood pressure in addition to other problems. (
  • Rare, genetic forms of hypertension are caused by mutations in particular genes, many of which help control the balance of fluids and salts in the body and affect blood pressure. (
  • Because these genes play an integral role in normal blood pressure control, researchers suspect that variations in them might impair blood pressure control and contribute to hypertension. (
  • Other genes associated with essential hypertension are important for the normal function of the lining of blood vessels (the vascular endothelium ). (
  • Hypertension is defined as a blood pressure 140/90 mmHg. (
  • With pulmonary hypertension, the blood vessels to the lungs develop an increased amount of muscle in the wall of the blood vessels. (
  • During pulmonary hypertension, the arteries in the lungs can narrow and then the blood does not flow as well as it should, resulting in less oxygen in the blood. (
  • Doctors define resistant hypertension as blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg after treatment with three or more medications. (
  • They influence on factors associated with the pathophysiology of hypertension such as vascular contractibility and protect from heart and kidney cellular loss and functionality, leading to a reduction of blood pressure. (
  • When a child has pulmonary hypertension, the right side of the heart becomes enlarged, due to working overtime to pump blood back into the lungs. (
  • A new study has found that 1 in 8 people aged 40 to 75 years had increased blood pressure (hypertension) in the evening that would be missed by a daytime GP appointment. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary artery (PA) averaging 25 mm Hg or above at rest. (
  • In a simulation conducted by the researchers, they noted that these changes could help to lower blood pressure and ultimately prevent 26,000 heart attacks and strokes in those with stage 1 hypertension over the next 10 years. (
  • Chronic hypertension is a condition of longstanding elevated blood pressure. (
  • Healthcare providers measure blood pressure to screen for hypertension at your routine health exams. (
  • Pulmonary hypertension is the result of greater resistance to blood flow. (
  • Recently, a new oral drug that blocks abnormal constriction of blood vessels has become available and shows promise in treating pulmonary hypertension. (
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  • It is important for healthcare providers to know that there is a systematic tendency for ambulatory blood pressure to exceed clinic blood pressure in healthy, untreated individuals evaluated for hypertension during well-patient visits. (
  • Researchers say the study reveals that there are a substantial number of otherwise healthy individuals who have masked hypertension and should have their blood pressure monitored regularly. (
  • 39% either reported having hypertension or had measured blood pressure ≥140/≥90 mmHg. (
  • Serum PCBs, especially those congeners with multiple ortho chlorines, seem to be important factors in regulation of blood pressure and hypertension. (
  • We talk about hypertension when there is a persistent increase in blood pressure. (
  • Jiang holistic blood pressure meds he was somewhat disgusted.It is too disgusting, right he ducked a core exercises for hypertension little, and looked at the leopard python. (
  • This tradition of racial essentialism led to a surfeit of ad hoc hypotheses about hypertension, such as relating blood pressure levels directly to skin pigmentation or to excess testosterone levels in black men. (
  • If hypertension is mild and there was no significant increase in blood pressure. (
  • Abstract: We did a prospective study to investigate whether clinic heart rate (HR) and 24-h ambulatory HR were independent predictors of subsequent increase in body weight (BW) in young subjects screened for stage 1 hypertension. (
  • There is limited knowledge of the prevalence of hypertension among seafarers who , however, are known to have an excess morbidity and mortality from these disorders. (
  • This article addresses the prevalence of hypertension among Danish seafarers and discusses potential risk factors for hypertension in maritime settings. (
  • You're an active contributor to the workforce…and you have just been diagnosed with pulmonary hypertension. (
  • it is classified as secondary hypertension. (
  • The possibility of secondary hypertension should be kept in mind and appropriate laboratory investigation undertaken as indicated. (
  • This is primarily to rule out the more common secondary pulmonary hypertension related to various left heart conditions or pulmonary venous hypertension-PH classified under WHO group II. (
  • Hence, a designated algorithm should be used to exclude secondary causes of pulmonary hypertension. (
  • Chest radiograph in a patient with secondary pulmonary hypertension reveals enlarged pulmonary arteries. (
  • Johnathon Schildgen was horrified when he saw Jiulong agreeing hypertensive patient medicine seeing that Jiulong's demeanor was hypertension remedies Ayurveda but the sadness in his eyes could not be wiped away. (
  • Case: Woman Presents to ED With Headache and Hypertension A 25-year-old woman presents with severe, throbbing headache and episodes of blurred vision with BP rising over the next few hours to a hypertensive emergency. (
  • In addition, control of hypertension is also beneficial to microvascular complications. (
  • 6 7 Better control of hypertension on a population-wide basis could yield substantial reductions in morbidity and premature mortality, 6 8 and this also makes it an attractive target for pay for performance. (
  • [ 1 ] Epidemiologic and longitudinal studies demonstrate the link between obesity and hypertension, yet these comorbid conditions occur in a large and growing segment of the population in the industrialized world. (
  • Diabetes mellitus and hypertension are recognized risk transmission in the seventh cholera pandemic. (
  • Objective To examine how multimorbidity might affect progression along the continuum of care among older adults with hypertension ,diabetes and human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV ) infection in rural South Africa . (
  • For hypertension and diabetes (2813 and 512 people, respectively), we defined concordant conditions as other cardiometabolic conditions, and discordant conditions as mental disorders or HIV infection . (
  • Having discordant comorbidity was associated with greater progression in care for those with hypertension but not diabetes. (
  • On top of that, "Hypertension can also damage the arteries leading to the brain, which increase the risk of stroke. (
  • All three trials showed that therapy for hypertension in the elderly reduces the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events. (
  • and the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA), recommend lifestyle modification as the first step in managing hypertension. (
  • Hypertension is a major risk factor for stroke and heart attack-the cardiovascular diseases responsible for most deaths due to chronic illnesses in the African region. (
  • Obesity is associated with chronic diseases, including hypertension, which is a major risk factor for chronic kidney disease and cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, myocardial infarction and heart failure. (
  • Left uncontrolled, hypertension can lead to other serious medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke and kidney problems. (
  • He added that intervention in hypertension plays a role in early detection and prevention of stroke. (
  • Hypertension could be a major threat issue for cardiopathy & stroke. (
  • Until then, however, beta blockade is still indicated in NonSTEMI when the patient has hypertension and also if there is tachycardia (tachycardia that is not compensatory for low stroke volume, which may be due to poor LV function, valvular disease, low left ventricular end-diastolic volume, or low systemic vascular resistance). (
  • What are the risk factors for pulmonary hypertension? (
  • It's also vital to further raise awareness about hypertension and promote measures to address its modifiable risk factors," said Dr Matshidiso Moeti, WHO Regional Director for Africa. (
  • hypertension is among the most treatable, but undertreated, of cardiovascular risk factors. (
  • Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor, which is phylogenetically related to tes mellitus (DM), hypertension, chronic cardiac dis- a "US Gulf Coast" clone. (
  • Based on the above mentioned circumstances,full cardiac assessment and treatment for elevated hypertension would be profoundly beneficial. (
  • What are the causes of Pediatric Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension? (
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics issued their new pediatric hypertension clinical practice guideline on August 21, 2017. (
  • Current challenges in pediatric pulmonary hypertension. (
  • In obtaining the medical history of a patient with portal hypertension, attention should be directed toward determining the cause of the condition and, secondarily, to which complications are present. (
  • Intrahepatic portal venous systems in children with noncirrhotic prehepatic portal hypertension: anatomy and clinical relevance. (
  • Treatment of extrahepatic portal hypertension in children by mesenteric-to-left portal vein bypass: a new physiological procedure. (
  • Direct bypassing of extrahepatic portal venous obstruction in children: a new technique for combined hepatic portal revascularization and treatment of extrahepatic portal hypertension. (
  • Etiological factors associated with portal hypertension in children influence the decision about therapy and the prognosis. (
  • Mesenterico-left intrahepatic portal vein shunt: original technique to treat symptomatic extrahepatic portal hypertension. (
  • Treatment of bleeding esophagogastric varices due to extrahepatic portal hypertension: results of portal-systemic shunts during 35 years. (
  • These cases are classified as essential hypertension. (
  • The causes of essential hypertension, however, are not well understood. (
  • Essential hypertension is a complex condition with a variety of factors, both genetic and environmental, contributing to its development. (
  • More than 100 genetic variations have been associated with essential hypertension. (
  • While these variations have been found more commonly in people with essential hypertension than in unaffected individuals, none are common causes of the condition. (
  • The most-studied genetic association in essential hypertension is with genes involved in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. (
  • Bai, L , Handel, B, Miguel, E & Rao, G 2017 ' Self-control and demand for preventive health: Evidence from hypertension management in India ' NBER Working Papers, no. 23727, National Bureau of Economic Research. (
  • This course covers the presenting symptoms and signs of idiopathic intracranial hypertension in children versus adults, findings, associated conditions, and appropriate medical and surgical treatments. (
  • During 1991 and 1992, three major interventional trials dealt with hypertension in older subjects and the value of antihypertensive treatment in the elderly. (
  • Brazzaville - Fewer than a third of people living with hypertension in the African region are on treatment, and only about 12% have the life-threatening condition under control, an analysis by World Health Organization (WHO) shows. (
  • Treatment of the obese patient with hypertension requires consideration of physiologic changes related to obesity hypertension. (
  • Cite this: Therapeutic Considerations in the Treatment of Obesity Hypertension - Medscape - May 01, 2002. (
  • Accordingly, detection of elevated pulmonary artery pressure should not immediately result in treatment, but instead lead to an additional and careful diagnostic workup, including confirmation of the presence of pulmonary hypertension. (
  • Chronic obesity may gradually amplify hypertension, resulting in resistance to antihypertensive treatment and initiating a pathophysiological cascade of factors that exacerbate target organ injury. (
  • A comparison of verapamil and propranolol for the initial treatment of hypertension. (
  • Read more on pharmacologic treatment of hypertension . (
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  • This update will focus on the current development status of endotheli receptor antagonists and nitric oxide donors for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension. (
  • Specifically, your doctor may recommend that you try a special eating plan known as DASH, or Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. (
  • While physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and not drinking an excessive amount of alcohol were all key, the most important factor was using the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet . (
  • Hypertension usually has no symptoms, and many affected individuals do not know they have the condition. (
  • What are the signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension? (
  • The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension during the initial stage of the disease are common to many other medical conditions (e.g., difficulty breathing, fatigue). (
  • Despite extensive research since the mid-twentieth century on social and behavioral factors that contribute to hypertension, there has been a persistent impulse in American biomedicine to view racial groups as representing human subspecies. (
  • Fast Five Quiz: Hypertension Management - Medscape - Jan 24, 2019. (
  • There are several types of pregnancy-induced hypertension and all can harm the mother's kidneys and other organs, and can cause low birth weight and early delivery. (
  • The Council on Hypertension informs the cardiology community on the various cardiovascular aspects of hypertension. (
  • This article discusses medications, lifestyle adjustments, and alternative medicine for hypertension. (
  • In obesity, abnormal kidney function and associated increases in tubular sodium reabsorption initiate hypertension, which is often mild before the development of target organ injury. (
  • Abnormal kidney function, which is associated with increased tubular sodium reabsorption, has a key role in initiating obesity-associated hypertension. (
  • Related specialties, such as kidney disease, endocrinology, the nervous system and maternity, will be covered in the training as well, said Yu, who first introduced the concept of a complex control approach to hypertension in the country. (
  • Hypertension after kidney transplantation is an important factor for both graft and patient survival. (
  • 2 ] The introduction of the calcineurin inhibitors into the post transplant immunosupressive protocols has increased the prevalence of hypertension after kidney transplantation. (
  • What causes pulmonary hypertension? (
  • this was more common in men than women and in those with prehypertension (also known as borderline hypertension). (
  • Questions for Danielle Davis, Health Statistician and Lead Author of "Urban-rural Differences in Visits to Office-based Physicians by Adults With Hypertension: United States, 2014-2016. (
  • Q: Why did you decide to research urban-rural differences in visits to office-based physicians by adults with hypertension? (
  • Questions for Ryne Paulose, NHANES' Associate Director for Science and Lead Author of "Characteristics of Adults with Hypertension who are Unaware of their Hypertension, NHANES 2011-2014" Q: What made you want to do a report on adults with hypertension who are unaware of their hypertension? (
  • Despite advances in echocardiography, pulmonary hypertension still requires a right heart catheterization (RHC) demonstrating mean pulmonary arterial pressure ≥ 25 mm Hg at rest for confirmation. (
  • Pay for performance had no discernible effects on processes of care or on hypertension related clinical outcomes. (
  • A series of clinical scenarios centered on 1 or the 3 etiologic groups (IPAH, CTD-associated PAH, and portopulmonary hypertension) were presented to the panelists for the development of the consensus. (
  • In view of the immense clinical need, new therapies are being developed by pharmaceutical companies to treat pulmonary hypertension. (