An extensive order of highly specialized insects including bees, wasps, and ants.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
Venoms from animals of the phylum Arthropoda. Those most investigated are from scorpions and spiders of the class Arachnidae and from ant, bee, and wasp families of the Insecta order Hymenoptera. The venoms contain protein toxins, enzymes, and other bioactive substances and may be lethal to man.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.
Venoms obtained from Apis mellifera (honey bee) and related species. They contain various enzymes, polypeptide toxins, and other substances, some of which are allergenic or immunogenic or both. These venoms were formerly used in rheumatism to stimulate the pituitary-adrenal system.
Venoms produced by the wasp (Vespid) family of stinging insects, including hornets; the venoms contain enzymes, biogenic amines, histamine releasing factors, kinins, toxic polypeptides, etc., and are similar to bee venoms.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Organisms, biological agents, or biologically-derived agents used strategically for their positive or adverse effect on the physiology and/or reproductive health of other organisms.
An inactive stage between the larval and adult stages in the life cycle of insects.
The process of laying or shedding fully developed eggs (OVA) from the female body. The term is usually used for certain INSECTS or FISHES with an organ called ovipositor where eggs are stored or deposited before expulsion from the body.
The relationship between an invertebrate and another organism (the host), one of which lives at the expense of the other. Traditionally excluded from definition of parasites are pathogenic BACTERIA; FUNGI; VIRUSES; and PLANTS; though they may live parasitically.
The management and maintenance of colonies of honeybees.
A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. It is the source of the familiar fig fruit and the latex from this tree contains FICAIN.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.
Immunosuppression by the administration of increasing doses of antigen. Though the exact mechanism is not clear, the therapy results in an increase in serum levels of allergen-specific IMMUNOGLOBULIN G, suppression of specific IgE, and an increase in suppressor T-cell activity.
The number of males per 100 females.
Brazil is a country in South America known for its high rates of infectious diseases such as dengue fever, Zika virus, and chikungunya, as well as its successful vaccination programs.
Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.
A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.
Paired sense organs connected to the anterior segments of ARTHROPODS that help them navigate through the environment.
A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
An in vitro test used in the diagnosis of allergies including drug hypersensitivity. The allergen is added to the patient's white blood cells and the subsequent histamine release is measured.
The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.
A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).
A large family of fruit flies in the order DIPTERA, comprising over 4,500 species in about 100 genera. They have patterned wings and brightly colored bodies and are found predominantly in the tropical latitudes.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)
A genus of bacteria comprised of a heterogenous group of gram-negative small rods and coccoid forms associated with arthropods. (From Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol 1, 1984)
A unisexual reproduction without the fusion of a male and a female gamete (FERTILIZATION). In parthenogenesis, an individual is formed from an unfertilized OVUM that did not complete MEIOSIS. Parthenogenesis occurs in nature and can be artificially induced.
Constituent of the 60S subunit of eukaryotic ribosomes. 28S rRNA is involved in the initiation of polypeptide synthesis in eukaryotes.
Venoms from the superfamily Formicoidea, Ants. They may contain protein factors and toxins, histamine, enzymes, and alkaloids and are often allergenic or immunogenic.
Glands of external secretion that release its secretions to the body's cavities, organs, or surface, through a duct.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The genetic complement of an insect (INSECTS) as represented in its DNA.

Evolutionary dynamics of a mitochondrial rearrangement "hot spot" in the Hymenoptera. (1/339)

The arrangement of tRNA genes at the junction of the cytochrome oxidase II and ATPase 8 genes was examined across a broad range of Hymenoptera. Seven distinct arrangements of tRNA genes were identified among a group of wasps that have diverged over the last 180 Myr (suborder Apocrita); many of the rearrangements represent evolutionarily independent events. Approximately equal proportions of local rearrangements, inversions, and translocations were observed, in contrast to vertebrate mitochondria, in which local rearrangements predominate. Surprisingly, homoplasy was evident among certain types of rearrangement; a reversal of the plesiomorphic gene order has arisen on three separate occasions in the Insecta, while the tRNA(H) gene has been translocated to this locus on two separate occasions. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that this gene translocation is real and is not an artifactual translocation resulting from the duplication of a resident tRNA gene followed by mutation of the anticodon. The nature of the intergenic sequences surrounding this region does not indicate that it should be especially prone to rearrangement; it does not generally have the tandem or inverted repeats that might facilitate this plasticity. Intriguingly, these findings are consistent with the view that during the evolution of the Hymenoptera, rearrangements increased at the same time that the rate of point mutations and compositional bias also increased. This association may direct investigations into mitochondrial genome plasticity in other invertebrate lineages.  (+info)

Presence of polydnavirus transcripts in an egg-larval parasitoid and its lepidopterous host. (2/339)

The parasitoid Chelonus inanitus (Braconidae, Hymenoptera) oviposits into eggs of Spodoptera littoralis (Noctuidae, Lepidoptera) and, along with the egg, also injects polydnaviruses and venom, which are prerequisites for successful parasitoid development. The parasitoid larva develops within the embryonic and larval stages of the host, which enters metamorphosis precociously and arrests development in the prepupal stage. Polydnaviruses are responsible for the developmental arrest and interfere with the host's endocrine system in the last larval instar. Polydnaviruses have a segmented genome and are transmitted as a provirus integrated in the wasp's genome. Virions are only formed in female wasps and no virus replication is seen in the parasitized host. Here it is shown that very small amounts of viral transcripts were found in parasitized eggs and early larval instars of S. littoralis. Later on, transcript quantities increased and were highest in the late last larval instar for two of the three viral segments tested and in the penultimate to early last larval instar for the third segment. These are the first data on the occurrence of viral transcripts in the host of an egg-larval parasitoid and they are different from data reported for hosts of larval parasitoids, where transcript levels are already high shortly after parasitization. The analysis of three open reading frames by RT-PCR revealed viral transcripts in parasitized S. littoralis and in female pupae of C. inanitus, indicating the absence of host specificity. For one open reading frame, transcripts were also seen in male pupae, suggesting transcription from integrated viral DNA.  (+info)

Related RNAs in lepidopteran cells after in vitro infection with Hyposoter didymator virus define a new polydnavirus gene family. (3/339)

In the present study, we describe the isolation and the characterization of three different Hyposoter didymator virus (HdV) lepidopteran host-expressed genes, the products of which might interfere with the host physiology during parasitism. In this report, we study the expression of HdV genes in Sf9 cells infected with HdV since results indicate that the Sf9 model mimics to some extent the in vivo model and may be utilized to study expression of HdV genes in lepidopteran host cells. This system allowed us to isolate three HdV-specific cDNAs, termed M24, M27, and M40. cDNA nucleotide sequence analysis demonstrated significant regions of homology. The three cDNAs displayed repeated sequences arranged in tandem array that might have evolved through domain duplication. Similar to other previously described polydnavirus host-expressed genes, two intron positions have been found in the M24 leader region. The cDNAs corresponded to RNAs of 1.5, 1.6, and 2.3 kb that are also detected in parasitized Spodoptera littoralis larvae. They are encoded by different genes likely located on different HdV DNA molecules. Corresponding RNAs are detected early postinfection and remain detectable for at least 10 days postinfection. They encode secreted glycine- and proline-rich proteins. An antiserum raised against a baculovirus recombinant M24-encoded protein detected similar proteins in the culture medium of infected lepidopteran cells and in parasitized host hemolymph. We propose that the three cloned genes belong to an HdV gene family specifically expressed in parasitized lepidopteran hosts.  (+info)

General kin selection models for genetic evolution of sib altruism in diploid and haplodiploid species. (4/339)

A population genetic approach is presented for general analysis and comparison of kin selection models of sib and half-sib altruism. Nine models are described, each assuming a particular mode of inheritance, number of female inseminations, and Mendelian dominance of the altruist gene. In each model, the selective effects of altruism are described in terms of two general fitness functions, A(beta) and S(beta), giving respectively the expected fitness of an altruist and a nonaltruist as a function of the fraction of altruists beta in a given sibship. For each model, exact conditions are reported for stability at altruist and nonaltruist fixation. Under the Table 3 axions, the stability conditions may then be partially ordered on the basis of implications holding between pairs of conditions. The partial orderings are compared with predictions of the kin selection theory of Hamilton.  (+info)

Linkage analysis of sex determination in Bracon sp. near hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). (5/339)

To test whether sex determination in the parasitic wasp Bracon sp. near hebetor (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is based upon a single locus or multiple loci, a linkage map was constructed using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers. The map includes 71 RAPD markers and one phenotypic marker, blonde. Sex was scored in a manner consistent with segregation of a single "sex locus" under complementary sex determination (CSD), which is common in haplodiploid Hymenoptera. Under haplodiploidy, males arise from unfertilized haploid eggs and females develop from fertilized diploid eggs. With CSD, females are heterozygous at the sex locus; diploids that are homozygous at the sex locus become diploid males, which are usually inviable or sterile. Ten linkage groups were formed at a minimum LOD of 3.0, with one small linkage group that included the sex locus. To locate other putative quantitative trait loci (QTL) for sex determination, sex was also treated as a binary threshold character. Several QTL were found after conducting permutation tests on the data, including one on linkage group I that corresponds to the major sex locus. One other QTL of smaller effect had a segregation pattern opposite to that expected under CSD, while another putative QTL showed a female-specific pattern consistent with either a sex-differentiating gene or a sex-specific deleterious mutation. Comparisons are made between this study and the in-depth studies on sex determination and sex differentiation in the closely related B. hebetor.  (+info)

Single-locus complementary sex determination in Diadegma chrysostictos (Gmelin) (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). (6/339)

Following the establishment of isofemale lines and subsequent inbreeding, the ichneumonid parasitoid wasp Diadegma chrysostictos (Gmelin) was shown by segregation of polymorphic alloenzyme loci to have single-locus complementary sex determination (sl-CSD). This and the biparental nature of diploid males was confirmed using two independent Mendelian recessive phenotypic markers. The existence of diploid males, sl-CSD, and the abrogation of diploid males following outbreeding was further confirmed by flow cytometry, a potentially general method that is independent of the maternal sex allocation or the need for genetic markers. Estimates of the number of sex alleles in several British populations demonstrated 17-19 alleles in Britain, with a decline toward the northerly limit of the parasitoid's range, varying from 16 in the south of England to 4-5 in central Scotland, in broad agreement with the rate of attainment of a male-biased sex ratio when used to establish en masse laboratory cultures. These data represent the second confirmation of the existence of sl-CSD in the Ichneumonidae (and the first in the Campopleginae subfamily), lending further support to the notion that sl-CSD was the ancestral condition in the Aculeata/Ichneumonoidea clade (Cook 1993a; Periquet et al. 1993).  (+info)

Behavioural mimicry of honeybees (Apis mellifera) by droneflies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Eristalis spp.). (7/339)

Droneflies (Syrphidae: Eristalis spp. resemble honeybees (Apis mellifera) in appearance and have often been considered to be Batesian mimics. This study used a focal watch technique in order to compare the foraging behaviour of droneflies Eristalis tenax, Eristalis pertinax, Eristalis arbustorum and Eristalis nemorum) whilst they were feeding on patches of flowers with the behaviour of honeybees and other hymenopterans and dipterans. It was found that, on a range of plant species, the time droneflies spent on individual flowers and the time spent flying between them was more similar to that of honeybees than to the times of other hymenopterans and dipterans. These results suggest that dronefly behaviour has evolved to become more similar to that of honeybees and they support the hypothesis that droneflies are Batesian mimics.  (+info)

A linkage map of the turnip sawfly Athalia rosae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) based on random amplified polymorphic DNAs. (8/339)

A linkage map was constructed for the sawfly, Athalia rosae (Hymenoptera), based on the segregation of random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers and a visible mutation, yellow fat body (yfb). Forty haploid male progeny (20 yfb and 20+) from a single diploid female parent (yfb/+) were examined. Sixty-one of the 180 arbitrary primers tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) produced one or more RAPD bands. A total of 79 RAPD markers were detected. Of these, seven showed significant deviation from the expected 1:1 ratio, and were therefore excluded from further analysis. The remaining 72 RAPD markers and the marker mutation, yfb, were subjected to linkage analysis. Sixty RAPD markers and the yfb marker were organized into 16 linkage groups, spanning a distance of 517.2 cM. Twelve RAPD markers showed no linkage relationship to any group. Thirteen gel-purified RAPD bands were cloned and sequenced to generate the sequence-tagged sites (STSs). A single locus was represented by two markers, with one of them having a short internal deletion.  (+info)

In the medical field, "bees" typically refers to the venomous insects of the family Apidae, which includes honeybees, bumblebees, and other species. The venom of bees contains a complex mixture of proteins and enzymes that can cause a range of symptoms in humans, from mild itching and swelling to severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. When a person is stung by a bee, the venom is injected into the skin, causing local inflammation and pain. In some cases, the venom can trigger an allergic reaction, which can cause symptoms such as hives, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heartbeat. In severe cases, anaphylaxis can occur, which is a life-threatening allergic reaction that requires immediate medical attention. In addition to their potential to cause harm, bees also play an important role in the medical field as a source of therapeutic compounds. For example, honeybee venom has been studied for its potential anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, and may be used in the treatment of conditions such as arthritis and chronic pain. Similarly, bee venom therapy, which involves the administration of small amounts of bee venom to stimulate the immune system, has been used to treat a variety of conditions, including multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and cancer.

Arthropod venoms are toxic substances produced by arthropods, such as insects, spiders, scorpions, and crustaceans, that are injected into their prey or predators during an attack. These venoms contain a complex mixture of proteins, peptides, enzymes, and other molecules that can cause a range of physiological effects in the victim, including pain, inflammation, paralysis, and even death. In the medical field, arthropod venoms are studied for their potential therapeutic and pharmacological properties. Some of the components of arthropod venoms have been found to have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and anti-cancer effects, and are being investigated as potential treatments for various diseases and conditions. Additionally, arthropod venoms are also used in the development of new drugs and vaccines for the prevention and treatment of arthropod-borne diseases, such as snake bites, spider bites, and insect stings.

In the medical field, ants typically refer to the medical condition known as antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). APS is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of antibodies that bind to phospholipids, which are lipids that are important components of cell membranes. These antibodies can cause blood clots to form in the blood vessels, leading to a variety of medical problems such as stroke, heart attack, and pulmonary embolism. APS can also cause pregnancy complications such as miscarriage, stillbirth, and premature birth. It is typically diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in the blood. Treatment for APS may include anticoagulant medications to prevent blood clots, as well as corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs to reduce the activity of the autoimmune response.

Insect bites and stings refer to the injuries caused by the bites or stings of insects, such as mosquitoes, bees, wasps, ants, ticks, and fleas. These bites and stings can cause a range of symptoms, from mild itching and redness to severe allergic reactions that can be life-threatening. Insect bites and stings can be painful and uncomfortable, and may lead to skin infections if left untreated. Some insects, such as mosquitoes and ticks, can transmit diseases to humans, such as malaria, dengue fever, and Lyme disease. In the medical field, the treatment of insect bites and stings typically involves cleaning the affected area with soap and water, applying ice or a cold compress to reduce swelling and pain, and taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. In some cases, antihistamines may be prescribed to reduce itching and swelling. For severe allergic reactions, such as anaphylaxis, emergency medical treatment is necessary, including the administration of epinephrine and other medications to counteract the symptoms of the allergic reaction.

Bee venoms are the toxic secretions produced by honeybees, bumblebees, and other types of bees. These venoms contain a complex mixture of proteins, enzymes, and other substances that can cause a range of physiological effects in humans and other animals. In the medical field, bee venom therapy (BVT) is a form of alternative medicine that involves the use of bee venom to treat various conditions. BVT is believed to work by stimulating the body's immune system and promoting the production of natural painkillers called endorphins. BVT has been used to treat a variety of conditions, including arthritis, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, and allergies. However, the effectiveness of BVT is not well-established, and it can cause serious side effects, including allergic reactions, skin irritation, and even anaphylaxis in some cases. Therefore, the use of bee venom therapy should only be considered under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional, and patients should be carefully monitored for any adverse reactions.

Wasp venoms are the toxic secretions produced by wasps, including hornets, yellow jackets, and paper wasps. These venoms contain a complex mixture of proteins, enzymes, and other molecules that can cause a range of physiological effects in humans and other animals. The effects of wasp venom can vary depending on the species of wasp, the amount of venom injected, and the individual's sensitivity to the venom. Common symptoms of wasp venom allergy include hives, swelling, itching, difficulty breathing, and anaphylaxis, a life-threatening allergic reaction that can cause shock and death. In the medical field, wasp venom is studied for its potential therapeutic uses, such as in the treatment of cancer and other diseases. Some of the active components of wasp venom, such as melittin and apamin, have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. However, the use of wasp venom in medicine is still in the experimental stage, and more research is needed to fully understand its potential benefits and risks.

Biological control agents are organisms or substances that are used to control or manage pests, diseases, or invasive species in a natural or managed ecosystem. In the medical field, biological control agents are often used to treat or prevent infections caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. For example, vaccines are a type of biological control agent that are used to prevent infections caused by viruses. They contain weakened or inactivated forms of the virus or parts of the virus that can stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies against the virus. This helps to protect the body from future infections by the same virus. Other examples of biological control agents in the medical field include antibiotics, which are used to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria, and antiviral drugs, which are used to treat viral infections. Some biological control agents are also used in the treatment of parasitic infections, such as those caused by worms or protozoa. Overall, biological control agents are an important tool in the medical field for preventing and treating a wide range of infections and diseases.

I'm sorry, but "Beekeeping" is not typically associated with the medical field. Beekeeping is the practice of keeping honey bees for the purpose of harvesting honey, beeswax, and other bee products, as well as for pollination of crops. It is more commonly associated with agriculture and apiculture (beekeeping) rather than medicine. However, honey produced by bees has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries, and some studies have suggested that it may have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. Additionally, bee venom therapy, which involves the administration of small amounts of bee venom to treat various conditions, has been studied in some medical contexts.

Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen. It is a systemic reaction that affects multiple body systems, including the respiratory, cardiovascular, and gastrointestinal systems. The symptoms of anaphylaxis can develop within minutes of exposure to an allergen and can include: - Hives or welts on the skin - Swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat - Difficulty breathing or wheezing - Rapid or weak pulse - Drop in blood pressure - Nausea or vomiting - Dizziness or fainting Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment with epinephrine (also known as adrenaline) and other medications to counteract the symptoms and prevent further complications. If left untreated, anaphylaxis can lead to respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, and death.

In the medical field, "Brazil" typically refers to the country located in South America. Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America, and it is known for its diverse population, rich culture, and natural resources. In terms of healthcare, Brazil has a publicly funded healthcare system called the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, or SUS). The SUS provides free or low-cost healthcare services to all Brazilian citizens and residents, including primary care, hospitalization, and specialized medical care. Brazil has also made significant strides in public health, particularly in the areas of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and dengue fever. The country has implemented widespread vaccination programs and has made efforts to improve access to healthcare services in underserved areas. However, Brazil still faces significant challenges in the healthcare sector, including a shortage of healthcare professionals, inadequate infrastructure, and disparities in access to healthcare services between different regions and socioeconomic groups.

In the medical field, arthropod antennae refer to the sensory organs found on the head of arthropods, such as insects, spiders, and crustaceans. These antennae are typically composed of a series of segments, each of which bears sensory hairs or other structures that help the arthropod detect and respond to stimuli in its environment. Arthropod antennae serve a variety of functions, including navigation, communication, and sensing of chemical, tactile, and visual stimuli. For example, many insects use their antennae to detect pheromones, which are chemical signals used for communication between members of the same species. Some arthropods also use their antennae to detect vibrations in the air or ground, which can help them locate prey or avoid predators. In medical research, arthropod antennae have been studied for their potential use in developing new sensors and other devices. For example, the highly sensitive sensory structures found on arthropod antennae have inspired the development of artificial olfactory sensors that can detect trace amounts of chemicals in the environment.

The Basophil Degranulation Test (BDT) is a diagnostic test used to evaluate the function of basophils, a type of white blood cell that plays a role in the immune response. Basophils contain granules that contain various chemicals, including histamine, that are released when the cell is activated. The BDT measures the release of these chemicals from basophils in response to a specific stimulus, such as an allergen or a drug. During the BDT, a sample of a patient's blood is taken and the basophils are isolated and stimulated with an allergen or other substance. The release of chemicals from the basophils is then measured, typically by assessing the amount of histamine in the sample. A high level of histamine release indicates that the basophils are functioning properly and are able to respond to the stimulus. A low level of histamine release, on the other hand, may indicate that the basophils are not functioning properly and may be involved in an allergic reaction or other immune disorder. The BDT is often used to diagnose and monitor allergies, particularly those involving the respiratory system. It may also be used to evaluate the function of basophils in other conditions, such as certain types of cancer or autoimmune disorders.

RNA, Ribosomal, 28S is a type of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) that is a component of the large subunit of the ribosome in eukaryotic cells. The ribosome is a complex molecular machine that is responsible for protein synthesis, and it is composed of both ribosomal RNA and ribosomal proteins. The ribosome has two subunits, a large subunit and a small subunit, and each subunit contains a variety of rRNA molecules. The 28S rRNA is one of the largest rRNA molecules in the large subunit of the ribosome, and it is responsible for binding to the messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule during protein synthesis. In the medical field, the 28S rRNA is often studied as a target for the development of new drugs that can interfere with protein synthesis and potentially treat a variety of diseases, including cancer and viral infections. It is also used as a diagnostic tool in molecular biology, as it is present in all eukaryotic cells and can be easily detected and quantified using various laboratory techniques.

Ant venoms are toxic secretions produced by ants that are used for defense against predators. In the medical field, ant venoms have been studied for their potential therapeutic properties, particularly in the treatment of pain and inflammation. Some ant venoms contain compounds that can block pain receptors in the nervous system, making them useful in the development of new pain medications. Other ant venoms contain compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties, which could be useful in the treatment of conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. Ant venoms have also been studied for their potential use in the treatment of cancer. Some ant venom compounds have been shown to selectively target and kill cancer cells, while leaving healthy cells unharmed. However, it is important to note that ant venoms can also be dangerous and can cause serious harm if not handled properly. As such, the use of ant venoms in medicine is typically restricted to controlled laboratory settings and requires specialized training and equipment.

Look up Hymenoptera in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. General Hymenoptera Anatomy Ontology project Hymenoptera Anatomy ... Sphecos Forum for Aculeate Hymenoptera Hymenoptera images on MorphBank, a biological image database Order Hymenoptera Insect ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hymenoptera. Wikispecies has information related to Hymenoptera. ... The Hymenoptera are divided into two groups; the Symphyta which have no waist, and the Apocrita which have a narrow waist. The ...
Sniffer bees or sniffer wasps are insects in the order Hymenoptera that can be trained to perform a variety of tasks to detect ... First evidence of fine colour discrimination ability in ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) Bees help in the battle against ...
The Hymenoptera Genome Database (HGD) is a comprehensive resource supporting genomics of Hymenoptera. BeeBase Munoz-Torres, ... "Hymenoptera Genome Database: integrated community resources for insect species of the order Hymenoptera". Nucleic Acids Res. ... Official website v t e (Hymenoptera, Biological databases, All stub articles, Biological database stubs). ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Media from Journal of Hymenoptera Research. Official website Journal of Hymenoptera ... Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 30: 1-6. doi:10.3897/jhr.30.4733. "Journal of Hymenoptera Research". 2020 Journal Citation ... The Journal of Hymenoptera Research is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering systematics, taxonomy, and ecology of ... Hymenoptera. It was established in 1992, and transferred to publishing with Pensoft Publishers in 2011, under an open access ...
A list of the species of Hymenoptera from New Zealand; currently listing the 'stinging wasps' (Aculeata), which includes ants, ... Early, John W. (2022). "Mason wasps (Pison species, Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Crabronidae) in Aotearoa New Zealand". Records of the ... Ward, D (2013). "Revision of Bethylidae (Hymenoptera) from New Zealand". New Zealand Entomologist. 36 (2): 107-30. doi:10.1080/ ... Harris, AC (1987). "Pompilidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera)" (PDF). Fauna of New Zealand. No. 12. Lincoln: Manaaki Whenua - Landcare ...
Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea)". Journal of Hymenoptera Research. 56: 241-261. doi:10.3897/jhr.56.10388. Melo, G. A. R.; Lucena ... Hymenoptera: Mymarommatoidea) in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber: the first case of morphological diptery in flying Hymenoptera". ... Hymenoptera)". Systematic Entomology. doi:10.1111/syen.12584. Antropov, A. (2000). "Digger wasps (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) in ... Hymenoptera: Apoidea), a new family of stem lineage bees with associated beetle triungulins in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber". ...
Hymenoptera - Symphyta. R. B. Benson Vol 6 Part 2b. Hymenoptera - Symphyta. R. B. Benson Vol 6 Part 2c. Hymenoptera - Symphyta ... Hymenoptera, Chrysididae. D. Morgan Vol 7 Part 1. Hymenoptera - Ichneumonoidea (Pimplinae). M. G. Fitton, M. R. Shaw and I. D. ... Hymenoptera 2. Chalcidoidea Section (a). Ch. Ferrière and G. J. Kerrich Vol 8 Part 2b. Hymenoptera 2. Chalcidoidea Section (b ... Hymenoptera - Formicidae. Barry Bolton & Cedric A. Collingwood Vol 6 Part 4. Hymenoptera - Pompilidae. Michael C. Day Vol 6 ...
This article contains a list of Hymenoptera Apocrita of Ireland. Anteon arcuatum Kieffer 1905 Anteon brachycerum (Dalman 1823) ... Irish Naturalists' Journal Volume 35, Part 1 2016 O'Donnell, M., 2018 Tree Bumblebee (Bombus hypnorum) (Hymenoptera, Apidae): a ... Additions and changes to the Irish aculeate Hymenoptera checklist. Irish Naturalists' Journal 26: 453-459. Antwiki (Articles ... Check List of British Hymenoptera Aculeata" in Archer, Michael (2005) Bees, Wasps and Ants Recording Society Members' Handbook ...
Tenthredo species are taken from the Hymenoptera Name Server. "Nomina - Hymenoptera C". Archived from the original on June 8, ... "Nomina - Hymenoptera A-B". Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2010. J. T. Wiebes (1968). "Fig ... "Hymenoptera Name Server. Version 1.5". Ohio State University. December 19, 2007. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. ... "Euura amerinae (Linnaeus)". Hymenoptera Name Server. Ohio State University. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. ...
Specimen Novam Hymenoptera Disponendi Methodum Exhibens. Dissertation. Berling, Lund. pp. 1-41. 1 pl. Dalman, 1820, Försök till ... An Essay on the Classification of the Parasitic Hymenoptera of Britain Which Correspond with the Ichneumones Minuti of Linnaeus ...
Hymenoptera)". Psyche: A Journal of Entomology. 42 (2): 91. doi:10.1155/1935/68604. Donoso, D. A. (2012). "Additions to the ... taxonomy of the armadillo ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Tatuidris)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3503: 61-81. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3503.1.5 ...
Hymenoptera. In: Paszlavsky, J.: Fauna Regni Hungariae. Regia Societas Scientiarum Naturalium Hungarica, Budapest: 7-113 (1918 ... In: Taeger, A. & Blank, S. M. 1998 (Hrsg.) Pflanzenwespen Deutschlands (Hymenoptera, Symphyta). Kommentierte Bestandsaufnahme. ... was a Hungarian entomologist who specialised in Hymenoptera. He was the Curator of the Hungarian Natural History Museum where ...
1910 Hymenoptera, Proctotrupoidea. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 15: 45-80. 1912 Proctotrupidae, ... Hymenoptera. Serphidae (= Proctotrupidae) et Calliceratidae (= Ceraphronidae). Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und ... Annales de la Société scientifique de Bruxelles, 1909 Hymenoptera. Fam. Scelionidae. Addenda et corrigenda. Genera Insectorum ... Hymenoptera, Diapriidae) at the Natural History Museum, London". European Journal of Taxonomy (75). doi:10.5852/ejt.2014.75. ...
doi:10.4039/Ent97541-5. Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Brooks, B. D. (1979). A catalogue of Hymenoptera north of ... Carpenter, J. M.; Cumming, J. M. (1985). "A character analysis of the North American potter wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; ... Buck, Matthias; Marshall, Stephen A.; Cheung, David KB (2008). "Identification Atlas of the Vespidae (Hymenoptera, Aculeata) of ... Cumming, J. M. (1989). "Classification and evolution of the Eumenine wasp genus Symmorphus Wesmael (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". ...
"Chrysura austriaca {species} - Arthropoda; Insecta; Hymenoptera; Chrysididae; Chrysidinae; Chrysura;". 2022 ... Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) of the Nordic and Baltic countries, with description of a new species". ZooKeys. Retrieved 2022-10-31 ...
Hymenoptera". American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. p. 557 ... Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae) induces behavioral modification in its spider host". Entomological Science. 21 (1): 59-65. doi: ...
Hymenoptera). Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Venezia 39: 71-172. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Potter wasps, Hymenoptera genera, All stub articles, Potter wasp ...
Oudhia, P. "Traditional medicinal knowledge about red ant Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.)[Hymenoptera; Formicidae] in Chhattisgarh ...
Emery, C (1925). "Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Formicinae". Genera Insectorum. 183: 1-302. Ichinose, K. (1986). " ... Trager, J. C (1984). "A revision of the genus Paratrechina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the continental United States". ... LaPolla, J. S.; Dlussky, G. M. (2010a). "Review of fossil Prenolepis genus-group species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)". ... Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the World: An introduction to the systematics and biology of the genus." (PDF), Zootaxa, 3110: 1-9 ...
1993). Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada. p. 202. ISBN 978-0660149332. OCLC ... from Central Asia, and a World catalogue of Sierolomorphidae (Hymenoptera)". Zootaxa. 4018 (4): 593-599. doi:10.11646/zootaxa. ... Argaman, Q. (1990). "Generic synopsis of Sierolomorphidae (Hymenoptera)" (PDF). Israel Journal of Entomology. 24: 29-33. ... "Hymenoptera". In Resh, Vincent H.; Cardé, Ring T. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Insects (2nd ed.). Academic Press. p. 480. ISBN 978-0 ...
Hymenoptera). Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Venezia 39: 71-172. Garcete-Barrett, B. R. 2001. Notes on Neotropical Eumeninae I ( ... James Michael Carpenter (1986). "A Synonymic Generic Checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Psyche: A Journal of ... Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Bol. Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Parag., 13 : 38 - 40. v t e (Articles with short description, Short ... description is different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Potter wasps, Hymenoptera genera, All stub ...
It is a member of the family Formicidae, belonging to the order Hymenoptera. It was once the sole member of its own genus and ... Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera)". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 118: 175-362. doi:10.5281/zenodo.26958. Lattke ... Emery, C. (1911). "Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae" (PDF). Genera Insectorum. 118: 1-125. Emery, C. (1901). " ... Amber Collection Stuttgart: Hymenoptera, Formicidae. V: Ponerinae, partim.)" (PDF). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. 197: 1 ...
Biolib Richards, Owain Westmacott; Davies, R G (1977). "Hymenoptera". Imms' General Textbook of Entomology. Vol. 1: Structure, ... Hymenoptera genera, All stub articles, Apocrita stubs). ...
Hymenoptera., Lipsiae. 358-408. Horstmann, K. (1992) Revisionen einiger von Linnaeus, Gmelin, Fabricius, Gravenhorst und ... Thunberg, C.P. (1822) Ichneumonidea, Insecta Hymenoptera illustrata., Memoires de l'Academie Imperiale des Sciences de Saint ... Vollenhoven, S.C. Snellen van (1873) Nieuwe naamlist van Nederlandsche vliesvleugelige Insecten (Hymenoptera). Tweede Stuk., ... Forster beschriebener Arten der Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae)., Mitteilungen Munchener Entomologischen ...
Hymenoptera. Vol. III. (Formicidae.) (PDF). London: Porter. p. 59. OCLC 84261387. Emery, C. (1915). "Definizione del genere ... Emery, C. (1921). "Hymenoptera, Fam. Formicidae, subfam. Myrmicinae" (PDF). Genera Insectorum. 174: 1-65. doi:10.5281/ZENODO. ... Johnson, N.F. (December 19, 2007). "Novomessor ensifer Forel". Hymenoptera Name Server version 1.5. Columbus, Ohio, USA: Ohio ... 556: 1-6. Wheeler, G.C.; Wheeler, J. (1960). "Supplementary studies on the larvae of the Myrmicinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae ...
Keall, J.B. (1981). "A note on the occurrence of Myrmecia brevinoda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in New Zealand". Records of the ... doi:10.1111/j.1440-6055.1991.tb00438.x. Wheeler, W.M. (1915). "Hymenoptera". Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society ... Ride, W.D.L.; Taylor, R.W. (1973). "Formica maxima Moore, 1842 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): proposed suppression under the plenary ... Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. (1971). "Ant larvae of the subfamily Myrmeciinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)" (PDF). Pan-Pacific ...
Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B: 95-206 (page 148, Combination in C. ( ... Pheromone alarms are common among the social Hymenoptera. Some of these have been chemically identified, but the number is ...
Hymenoptera). Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Venezia 39: 71-172. Cooper, M. 1999b. New species of Gamma Zavattari (Hym., Vespidae, ... Hymenoptera genera, Taxa described in 1912, All stub articles, Potter wasp stubs). ...
Hymenoptera). Boll. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Venezia 39: 71-172. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... James Michael Carpenter (1986). "A Synonymic Generic Checklist of the Eumeninae (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)". Psyche: A Journal of ... Hymenoptera, Vespidae, Eumeninae)". Systematic Entomology. 40: 365-384. doi:10.1111/syen.12105. Giordani Soika, A. 1990. ... different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Potter wasps, Hymenoptera genera, All stub articles, Potter wasp ...
Hymenoptera The Hymenoptera collection comprises wasps, ants and bees from acquisitions and exchanges with other institutions ... "Hymenoptera". MZUSP Official Website (in Portuguese). Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Retrieved 14 November ... Hymenoptera (sawflies, wasps, bees and ants), Isoptera (termites) and Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies). Each collection is ...
The order Hymenoptera includes Apis species, ie, bees (European, African), vespids (wasps, yellow jackets, hornets), and ants. ... Hymenoptera stings account for more deaths in the United States than any other envenomation. ... Hymenoptera stings account for more deaths in the United States than any other envenomation. The order Hymenoptera includes ... Other Hymenoptera species account for more than 1 million stings annually. Anaphylaxis secondary to Hymenoptera envenomation ...
David R. Smith and Meicai Wei "A New Asian Monophadnoides Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) with High Antennal Crests," ... David R. Smith, Meicai Wei "A New Asian Monophadnoides Ashmead (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae) with High Antennal Crests," ...
Shattuck S O, Klingenberg C (2009). A revision the Australian species of the ant genus Myrmecina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).. ... A revision the Australian species of the ant genus Myrmecina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Dataset homepage ... Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zootaxa 2146: 1-21, URL: Taxonomic Coverages. ...
Bionomics of Siricidae (Hymenoptera). Annual Review of Entomology 13: 239-256.. Schiff NM, Goulet H, Smith DR, Boudreault C, ... The Siricidae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta) of Florida. Insecta mundi 0309: 1-16.. Maa TC. 1949. A synopsis of Asiatic Siricoidea ... The horntails (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) of Florida. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant ... Wood wasps or horn tails of the Amami-Oshima Island, with description of a new species (Hymenoptera: Siricoidea). Esakia 19: ...
... Caldasia 31 (2):449-457. ...
Abstract. Six new species of Phycitiplex (P. obscurior, P. tricinctus, P. unicinctus, P. peralta, P. trichroma, and P. lepidus) are described from material taken by Malaise trap in a humid ravine at Santa Vera Cruz in the Subandean Desert (Monte) of La Rioja Province (Argentina). These are keyed along with several closely related described species. Except for P. eremnus from central Chile, this genus is known only from the semiarid Chaco and Subandean biogeographic provinces in the northern half of Argentina. The only available host record is of Phycitiplex doddi (Cushman) reared from larvae of Cactoblastis cactorum (Berg), a phycitid moth that attacks prickly pear cacti. Resumen. Se describen seis especies nuevas de Phycitiplex (P. obscurior, P. tricinctus, P. unicinctus, P. peralta, P. trichroma, y P. lepidus). Todas fueron coleccionadas en una trampa Malaise colocada en una quebrada húmeda cerca de Santa Vera Cruz en el Desierto Subandino (Monte) de la Provincia de La Rioja (Argentina). Se
Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland, Part 3.. Author. ... Provisional atlas of the aculeate Hymenoptera of Britain and Ireland, Part 3. ...
Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is a woodwasp of pine trees that has recently invaded and established in North ... Hymenoptera: Siricidae). 2016. Gaudon, J.M.; Haavik, L.J.; MacQuarrie, C.J.K.; Smith, S.M.; Allison, J.D. Journal of Insect ...
Pimplinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) in a Cerrado fragment in the Reserva Biológica Unilavras/Boqueirão, Ingaí, Minas Gerais ... Pimplinae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) in a Cerrado fragment in the Reserva Biológica Unilavras/Boqueirão, Ingaí, Minas Gerais ... The composition of Pimplinae taxocenosis (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) was investigated in the Reserva Biológica Unilavras/ ...
Pest Management of Argentine Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)1 Michael K. Rust; Michael K. Rust 2 ... Michael K. Rust, Donald A. Reierson, John H. Klotz; Pest Management of Argentine Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of ... Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to Pest Management of Argentine Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)1 and will not ...
Koçak, A.O. & Kemal, M. (2010) Nomenclatural notes on some genus group names of the order Hymenoptera. Miscellaneous papers, ... A new record of the genus Orientalicesa Koçak & Kemal, 2010 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) from Vietnam ... Yamane S. (1990) A revision of the Japanese Eumenidae (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea). Insecta Matsumurana, 43, 83-85. ... Hymenoptera-Editors Strepsiptera-Editors Coleoptera-Editors Megaloptera-Neuroptera-Raphidioptera-Editors Trichoptera-Editors ...
Hymenoptera designation of a type-species under the plenary powers together with the designation of neotype ... 1965: Mymar Curtis, 1829 (Insecta, Hymenoptera): designation of a type-species under the Plenary Powers Bulletin of Zoological ... Melville, R.V. 1979: Kerrichiella hymenoptera designation of a type species under the plenary powers Bulletin of Zoological ... 1979: Kerrichiella Rosanov, 1965 (Hymenoptera): designation of a type species under the plenary powers Bulletin of Zoological ...
Hymenoptera The Hymenoptera collection comprises ca. 170.000 prepared specimens. For wasps and bees the geographical focus is ... The ant collection is the most important part of the Hymenoptera collection; it contains ca. 50% of the prepared specimens and ...
Species 1: Hymenoptera Crabronidae Cerceris fumipennis (digger wasp). Species 2: Coleoptera Buprestidae Agrilus planipennis ( ... Cerceris fumipennis Say is a native eastern North American beetle-hunting wasp (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) that provisions its ... Bio-surveillance: Utilizing Cerceris fumipennis (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae) to detect infestations of emerald ash borers, ...
An important natural enemy is the parasitic wasp, Trybliographa rapae Westwood (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) that lays eggs in the ... Olfactory responses of the parasitic wasp, Trybliographa rapae (Hymenoptera: Figitidae). Second cycle, A2E. Alnarp: SLU, Dept. ...
... Show full item ... Effect of depth of house fly pupae in poultry manure on parasitism by six species of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera). ...
Among holometabolous insects, Hymenoptera was shown to be the sister to all other orders. Mecoptera was recovered as the sister ... Many well accepted relationships within Hymenoptera, such as paraphyly of Symphyta and Evaniomorpha, a sister-group ... Hymenoptera, and Holometabola. Seven mitochondrial genomes from seven subfamilies of Braconidae were sequenced. Three of the ... one of the largest families of Hymenoptera, and assessed the utility of mitochondrial genomic data for phylogenetic inference ...
Hymenoptera of Europe • 3DOLLFUS PRIZE 2021Coming out: 7 december 2021 This book provides a wealth of information on the ... Home , Bumblebees of Europe and neighbouring regions - Hymenoptera of Europe • 3 Bumblebees of Europe and neighbouring regions ... This guide is the third volume of a series on Hymenoptera of Europe. A key allows the identification of the 14 subgenera of ... Hymenoptera of Europe • 3. DOLLFUS PRIZE 2021. Coming out: 7 december 2021. ...
Catalogue of British Hymenoptera in the collection of the British museum. / by: British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of ... Catalogue of British Hymenoptera in the British museum. by: British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Zoology. Published / ... Catalogue of British fossorial Hymenoptera, Formicidæ, and Vespidæ, in the collection of the British museum. /. By Frederick ... Essay on the indigenous fossorial Hymenoptera : comprising a description of all the British species of burrowing sand wasps ...
Braconidae of the Middle East (Hymenoptera). : 240. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-323-96099-1.00022-4 ... Two new species and distribution records for the genus Bohayella Belokobylskij, 1987 from Costa Rica (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, ...
Plantes butinées: il semble que les femelles butinent uniquement les chênes (Quercus) pour le pollen. Les deux sexes vivitent les aubépines (Crataegus) pour le nectar ...
All genera in this family: ...
Riverside, CA 92521. Tel: (951) 827-1012. ...
Use Earth@Home: Biodiversity to discover, explore, and investigate the natural history and biodiversity of our world and its over 4.5-billion-year history.
Hymenoptera: Formicidae), with re-description of the female and queen castes. Biodiversity Data Journal 2: e1136. https://doi. ...
Development of a methodology of collection and rearing of the invasive ant Paratrechina longicornis Latreille (Hymenoptera: ... Development of a methodology of collection and rearing of the invasive ant Paratrechina longicornis Latreille (Hymenoptera: ...
Hymenoptera using the instructions: cd ~ wget unzip hymenoptera_data ... python --model resnet18 --dataset hymenoptera --batch_size 2 --preprocess Full evaluation. Compute the test accuracy of ... hymenoptera, tiny-imagenet) --batch_size BATCH_SIZE size of the batch to use. Default 128. --test_batch_size TEST_BATCH_SIZE ...
  • An Hymenoptera [1] in uska ordo han Insecta . (
  • An Hymenoptera in nahilalakip ha classis nga Insecta , punoan nga Arthropoda , ngan regnum nga Animalia . (
  • Stinging insects are members of the order Hymenoptera of the class Insecta. (
  • A revision the Australian species of the ant genus Myrmecina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). (
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Shattuck, S. O. (2009): A revision the Australian species of the ant genus Myrmecina (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). (
  • Kumar, P.G., Carpenter, J.M., Srinivasan, G., Shareef, K.P.M. & Kishore, L. (2017) A taxonomic review of the genus Stenodyneriellus Giordani Soika (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) from Indian subcontinent with descriptions of two new species. (
  • Tan, J.L., Carpenter, J.M. & van Achterberg, C. (2018) An illustrated key to the genera of Eumeninae from China, with a checklist of species (Hymenoptera, Vespidae). (
  • Essay on the indigenous fossorial Hymenoptera : comprising a description of all the British species of burrowing sand wasps contained in the metropolitan collections, with the. (
  • [1] An ordo nga Hymenoptera in naglalakip hin 103959 ka mga species, sumala ha Catalogue of Life [1] . (
  • The species were Mischocyttarus (Haplometrobius) cerberus styx (Richards, 1940) and M. (Phi Saussure, 1854 = Monocyttarus Richards, 1978) cassununga (R. von Ihering, 1903) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, Mischocyttarini). (
  • Koçak, A.O. & Kemal, M. (2010) Nomenclatural notes on some genus group names of the order Hymenoptera. (
  • Most stinging insects are of the order Hymenoptera, which is made up of multiple families, including 3 that are clinically important: Apidae (bees), Vespidae (wasps), and Formicidae (ants). (
  • Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Pest Management of Argentine Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)1' and will not need an account to access the content. (
  • The composition of Pimplinae taxocenosis (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) was investigated in the Reserva Biológica Unilavras/Boqueirão, Ingaí, Minas Gerais. (
  • Hymenoptera: Siricidae). (
  • Sirex noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) is a woodwasp of pine trees that has recently invaded and established in North American forests. (
  • Anaphylaxis is a common and life-threatening consequence of Hymenoptera stings and is typically a result of sudden systemic release of mast cells and basophil mediators. (
  • An important natural enemy is the parasitic wasp, Trybliographa rapae Westwood (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) that lays eggs in the Delia fly larvae. (
  • The insect was identified as most probably the cuckoo wasp (Hymenoptera. (
  • 12 bly the cuckoo wasp (Hymenoptera. (
  • Hymenoptera stings account for more deaths in the United States than any other envenomation. (
  • Hymenoptera stings result in more fatalities than stings or bites from any other arthropod. (
  • Stings by members of the order Hymenoptera and order Scorpionida are discussed in other articles, as are bites of venomous arachnids in the class Arachnida (spiders) and bites of the order Acarina (mites and ticks). (
  • Yamane S. (1990) A revision of the Japanese Eumenidae (Hymenoptera, Vespoidea). (
  • Functional and Numerical Responses of Trichogramma euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) to Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Under Laboratory Conditions. (
  • When a colony is disturbed, many Hymenoptera release defense pheromones that attract other members of the colony to sting. (
  • The Hymenoptera collection comprises ca. 170.000 prepared specimens. (
  • Holdings: Catalogue of British fossorial Hymenoptera, Formicidæ, and Vespidæ, in the collection of the British museum. (
  • Hymenoptera venom products, such as lyophilized protein extract for honey bee, bumble bee, yellow jacket and Polistes wasp venoms, are commercially available in many countries, the latter two being mixtures of the clinically relevant species. (
  • Hymenoptera venoms are the most common immunoglobulin E-mediated elicitors of anaphylaxis in patients with mastocytosis. (
  • 11. Hymenoptera sting anaphylaxis: detection and clinical significance of individual bee and wasp venoms specific IgE and IgG4 antibodies. (
  • 17. [Desensitization of allergy to hymenoptera venoms]. (
  • Hymenoptera venoms cause local toxic reactions in all people and allergic reactions only in those previously sensitized. (
  • Journal of Hymenoptera Research 73: 73-93. (
  • Article: Orwellium, a new genus of Valdivian Platygastridae (Hymenoptera). (
  • Reactions to hymenoptera sting in adult patients: experience in a clinical allergy/immunology service in Monterrey Mexico. (
  • EAACI guidelines on allergen immunotherapy: Hymenoptera venom allergy. (
  • Hymenoptera-induced allergy (HVA) is a common cause of anaphylaxis and may be fatal. (
  • 4. Elevated basal serum tryptase and hymenoptera venom allergy: relation to severity of sting reactions and to safety and efficacy of venom immunotherapy. (
  • 12. Epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of Hymenoptera venom allergy in mastocytosis patients. (
  • 13. Clonal mast cell disorders in patients with severe Hymenoptera venom allergy and normal serum tryptase levels. (
  • Hymenoptera-induced anaphylaxis: is it a mast cell driven hematological disorder? (
  • Although hymenoptera-induced anaphylaxis is not primarily a mast cell-driven hematological disorder, the latter is present in a significant proportion of patients and has to be excluded by basal serum tryptase determination, skin inspection as well as exclusion of systemic mastocytosis by D816V mutation analysis in peripheral blood and/or bone marrow examination in selected patients. (
  • 2. Hymenoptera sting anaphylaxis and urticaria pigmentosa: clinical findings and results of venom immunotherapy in ten patients. (
  • 15. Anaphylaxis after Hymenoptera sting without detectable specific IgE. (
  • 16. [Anaphylaxis to hymenoptera sting: study of 113 patients]. (
  • Hymenoptera Venom Products available are sterile freeze-dried venom of Honey Bee ( Apis mellifera ) and venom protein of Yellow Jacket ( Vespula sp. (
  • Species of bees (Hymenoptera, apoidea) and caracterization of the honeys produced by them in the "cerrado" area of the municipality of Pirassununga, state of São Paulo, Brazil. (
  • Interactions between the entomopathogenic fungi Beauveria bassiana (Ascomycota: Hypocreales) and the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) on Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). (
  • The interactions between the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin ( Ascomycota Hypocreales ) and the aphid parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae McIntoch ( Hymenoptera Braconidae) were evaluated under laboratory conditions. (
  • This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Pulawski, Wojciech J. (2011): Two new synonyms in Oriental Crabronidae (Hymenoptera). (
  • 1. Anaphylactoid shock following Hymenoptera sting as a presenting symptom of systemic mastocytosis. (
  • 5. Patients still reacting to a sting challenge while receiving conventional Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy are protected by increased venom doses. (
  • 8. Rush Hymenoptera venom immunotherapy: successful treatment in a patient with systemic mast cell disease. (
  • 19. Immunoblot studies in allergic patients to hymenoptera venom before and during immunotherapy. (
  • Stinging insects are members of the order Hymenoptera of the class Insecta. (
  • Observo Hymenoptera en La Cruz en Finca de Jim Wolfe 24 octubre - 8 noviembre, 2000. (
  • Hymenoptera Venom extracts may potentially elicit a severe life-threatening systemic reaction, rarely resulting in death. (
  • Emergence of adult female Sirex nigricornis F. and Sirex Noctilio F. (Hymenoptera: Sircidae) coincides with a decrease in daily minimum and maximum temperature. (
  • This study looked at the diversity of Hymenoptera in pasture, ecotone and secondary forest fragment in La Cruz to observe the effects of different habitats in diversity. (
  • [ 28 ] In vitro tests, such as the dosage of specific IgE to hymenoptera venom, can be applied to detect sensitization. (
  • hymenopteran), but no evidence of the lowercase forms acanthocephala & hymenoptera being used anywhere and therefore the mixed case suffixDs are allowed. (