Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Hand Hygiene: Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Hand Disinfection: The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Soaps: Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Feminine Hygiene Products: Personal care items for women.Infectious Disease Transmission, Professional-to-Patient: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.Infection Control: Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Toilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Gloves, Protective: Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Guideline Adherence: Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.Skin Care: Maintenance of the hygienic state of the skin under optimal conditions of cleanliness and comfort. Effective in skin care are proper washing, bathing, cleansing, and the use of soaps, detergents, oils, etc. In various disease states, therapeutic and protective solutions and ointments are useful. The care of the skin is particularly important in various occupations, in exposure to sunlight, in neonates, and in PRESSURE ULCER.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Cross Infection: Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.Colonialism: The aggregate of various economic, political, and social policies by which an imperial power maintains or extends its control over other areas or peoples. It includes the practice of or belief in acquiring and retaining colonies. The emphasis is less on its identity as an ideological political system than on its designation in a period of history. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Periodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the histology, physiology, and pathology of the tissues that support, attach, and surround the teeth, and of the treatment and prevention of disease affecting these tissues.Dyssomnias: A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)Food Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Gingival Hemorrhage: The flowing of blood from the marginal gingival area, particularly the sulcus, seen in such conditions as GINGIVITIS, marginal PERIODONTITIS, injury, and ASCORBIC ACID DEFICIENCY.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Mouth DiseasesHalitosis: An offensive, foul breath odor resulting from a variety of causes such as poor oral hygiene, dental or oral infections, or the ingestion of certain foods.Myiasis: The invasion of living tissues of man and other mammals by dipterous larvae.Ventilation: Supplying a building or house, their rooms and corridors, with fresh air. The controlling of the environment thus may be in public or domestic sites and in medical or non-medical locales. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Gingival DiseasesTropical Medicine: The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Water Quality: A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.Health Personnel: Men and women working in the provision of health services, whether as individual practitioners or employees of health institutions and programs, whether or not professionally trained, and whether or not subject to public regulation. (From A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Occupational Health: The promotion and maintenance of physical and mental health in the work environment.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Schools: Educational institutions.Military HygieneDental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Baths: The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Equipment Contamination: The presence of an infectious agent on instruments, prostheses, or other inanimate articles.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Tobacco Use Cessation: Ending the TOBACCO habits of smoking, chewing, or snuff use.Personnel, Hospital: The individuals employed by the hospital.Clothing: Fabric or other material used to cover the body.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Alcohols: Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic: Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Helminthiasis: Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Drinking Water: Water that is intended to be ingested.Food-Processing Industry: The productive enterprises concerned with food processing.Housekeeping: The care and management of property.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Ships: Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.Household Products: Substances or materials used in the course of housekeeping or personal routine.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Maximum Allowable Concentration: The maximum exposure to a biologically active physical or chemical agent that is allowed during an 8-hour period (a workday) in a population of workers, or during a 24-hour period in the general population, which does not appear to cause appreciable harm, whether immediate or delayed for any period, in the target population. (From Lewis Dictionary of Toxicology, 1st ed)Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Pest Control: The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.New York CityTeaching: The educational process of instructing.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Helminths: Commonly known as parasitic worms, this group includes the ACANTHOCEPHALA; NEMATODA; and PLATYHELMINTHS. Some authors consider certain species of LEECHES that can become temporarily parasitic as helminths.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.2-Propanol: An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Housing: Living facilities for humans.Habits: Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Neisseria mucosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA, found in the human NASOPHARYNX and in the normal flora of the respiratory tissues in DOLPHINS. It is occasionally pathogenic for humans and pathogenic for MICE. (Bergey's Manual of Systemic Bacteriology, 1st edition, p295)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Food Safety: Activities involved in ensuring the safety of FOOD including avoidance of bacterial and other contamination.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Hospital Design and Construction: The architecture, functional design, and construction of hospitals.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.

Hygiene behaviour in rural Nicaragua in relation to diarrhoea. (1/790)

BACKGROUND: Childhood diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Nicaragua. Amongst the risk factors for its transmission are 'poor' hygiene practices. We investigated the effect of a large number of hygiene practices on diarrhoeal disease in children aged <2 years and validated the technique of direct observation of hygiene behaviour. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was carried out in a rural zone of Nicaragua. From the database of a previously conducted case-control study on water and sanitation 172 families were recruited, half of which had experienced a higher than expected rate of diarrhoea in their children and the other half a lower rate. Hygiene behaviour was observed over two mornings and diarrhoea incidence was recorded with a calendar, filled out by the mother, and collected every week for 5 months. RESULTS: Of 46 'good' practices studied, 39 were associated with a lower risk of diarrhoea, five were unrelated and only for two a higher risk was observed. Washing of hands, domestic cleanliness (kitchen, living room, yard) and the use of a diaper/underclothes by the child had the strongest protective effect. Schooling (>3 years of primary school) and better economic position (possession of a radio) had a positive influence on general hygiene behaviour, education having a slightly stronger effect when a radio was present. Individual hygiene behaviour appeared to be highly variable in contrast with the consistent behaviour of the community as a whole. Feasible and appropriate indicators of hygiene behaviour were found to be domestic cleanliness and the use of a diaper or underclothes by the child. CONCLUSION: A consistent relationship between almost all hygiene practices and diarrhoea was detected, more schooling producing better hygiene behaviour. The high variability of hygiene behaviour at the individual level requires repeated observations (at least two) before and after the hygiene education in the event one wants to measure the impact of the campaign on the individual.  (+info)

Dirt and diarrhoea: formative research in hygiene promotion programmes. (2/790)

Investment in the promotion of better hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoeal diseases and as a component of water and sanitation programmes is increasing. Before designing programmes capable of sustainably modifying hygiene behaviour in large populations, valid answers to a number of basic questions concerning the site and the intended beneficiaries have to be obtained. Such questions include 'what practices favour the transmission of enteric pathogens?', 'what advantages will be perceived by those who adopt safe practices?' and 'what channels of communication are currently employed by the target population?' A study of hygiene and diarrhoea in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, used a mixture of methods to address such questions. This paper draws on that experience to propose a plan of preliminary research using a variety of techniques which could be implemented over a period of a few months by planners of hygiene promotion programmes. The techniques discussed include structured observation, focus group discussions and behavioural trials. Modest investment in such systematic formative research with clear and limited goals is likely to be repaid many times over in the increased effectiveness of hygiene promotion programmes.  (+info)

A reassessment of the cost-effectiveness of water and sanitation interventions in programmes for controlling childhood diarrhoea. (3/790)

Cost-effectiveness analysis indicates that some water supply and sanitation (WSS) interventions are highly cost-effective for the control of diarrhoea among under-5-year-olds, on a par with oral rehydration therapy. These are relatively inexpensive "software-related" interventions such as hygiene education, social marketing of good hygiene practices, regulation of drinking-water, and monitoring of water quality. Such interventions are needed to ensure that the potentially positive health impacts of WSS infrastructure are fully realized in practice. The perception that WSS programmes are not a cost-effective use of health sector resources has arisen from three factors: an assumption that all WSS interventions involve construction of physical infrastructure, a misperception of the health sector's role in WSS programmes, and a misunderstanding of the scope of cost-effectiveness analysis. WSS infrastructure ("hardware") is generally built and operated by public works agencies and financed by construction grants, operational subsidies, user fees and property taxes. Health sector agencies should provide "software" such as project design, hygiene education, and water quality regulation. Cost-effectiveness analysis should measure the incremental health impacts attributable to health sector investments, using the actual call on health sector resources as the measure of cost. The cost-effectiveness of a set of hardware and software combinations is estimated, using US$ per case averted, US$ per death averted, and US$ per disability-adjusted life year (DALY) saved.  (+info)

Psychological factors associated with recurrent vaginal candidiasis: a preliminary study. (4/790)

OBJECTIVE: To identify psychological factors associated with chronic recurrent vaginal candidiasis. DESIGN: A cross sectional exploratory study of women with chronic, recurrent vaginal candidiasis. PATIENTS: 28 women found culture positive and treated for vaginal candidiasis by a clinic physician at least twice within the past 6 months. All women reported that they had experienced vaginal thrush six or more times within 1 year. A comparison group comprised 16 women with no history of recurrent vaginal candidiasis, of similar age range, and recruited from a women's family planning service. METHODS: Both groups were compared on demographic criteria, sexual health histories, mental health, and psychological health characteristics. A purpose designed structured interview was administered alongside a battery of standardised psychometric instruments measuring mood, satisfaction with life, self esteem, and perceived stress. RESULTS: The two groups showed considerable similarities, with no significant differences in demographic characteristics and most sexual health issues. However, women with recurrent vaginal candidiasis were significantly more likely to suffer clinical depression, to be less satisfied with life, to have poorer self esteem, and to perceive their lives as more stressful. Additionally, women with recurrent vaginal candidiasis reported that their candidiasis seriously interfered with their sexual and emotional relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study identified many areas of psychological morbidity associated with chronic vaginal candidiasis, and indicates that development of appropriate psychological treatment initiatives in this area is long overdue.  (+info)

In vivo skin decontamination of methylene bisphenyl isocyanate (MDI): soap and water ineffective compared to polypropylene glycol, polyglycol-based cleanser, and corn oil. (5/790)

In the home and workplace, decontamination of a chemical from skin is traditionally done with a soap-and-water wash, although some workplaces may have emergency showers. It has been assumed that these procedures are effective, yet workplace illness and even death occur from chemical contamination. Water, or soap and water, may not be the most effective means of skin decontamination, particularly for fat-soluble materials. This study was undertaken to help determine whether there are more effective means of removing methylene bisphenyl isocyanate (MDI), a potent contact sensitizer, from the skin. MDI is an industrial chemical for which skin decontamination, using traditional soap and water and nontraditional polypropylene glycol, a polyglycol-based cleanser (PG-C), and corn oil were all tried in vivo on the rhesus monkey, over 8 h. Water, alone and with soap (5% and 50% soap), were partially effective in the first h after exposure, removing 51-69% of the applied dose. However, decontamination fell to 40-52% at 4 h and 29-46% by 8 h. Thus, the majority of MDI was not removed by the traditional soap-and-water wash; skin tape stripping after washing confirmed that MDI was still on the skin. In contrast, polypropylene glycol, PG-C, and corn oil all removed 68-86% of the MDI in the first h, 74-79% at 4 h, and 72-86% at 8 h. Statistically, polypropylene glycol, PG-C, and corn oil were all better (p < 0.05) than soap and water at 4 and 8 h after dose application. These results indicate that a traditional soap-and-water wash and the emergency water shower are relatively ineffective at removing MDI from the skin. More effective decontamination procedures, as shown here, are available. These procedures are consistent with the partial miscibility of MDI in corn oil and polyglycols.  (+info)

Vulvovaginitis: clinical features, aetiology, and microbiology of the genital tract. (6/790)

AIM: To clarify the contribution of clinical and environmental factors and infection to the aetiology of vulvovaginitis in premenarchal girls, and to determine clinical indicators of an infectious cause. DESIGN: It was necessary first to define normal vaginal flora. Cases were 50 premenarchal girls > 2 years old with symptoms of vulvovaginitis; 50 controls were recruited from girls in the same age group undergoing minor or elective surgery. RESULTS: Interview questionnaire showed no difference between cases and controls in regards to hygiene practices, exposure to specific irritants, or history of possible sexual abuse. Normal vaginal flora was similar to that described in previous studies, with the exception of organisms likely to be associated with sexual activity. 80% of cases had no evidence of an infectious cause. In the 10 cases in whom an infectious cause was found, there was significantly more visible discharge and distinct redness of the genital area on examination compared with other cases. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that vulvovaginitis in this age group is not usually infectious or necessarily related to poor hygiene, specific irritants or sexual abuse, although any of these can present with genital irritation. The possibility of sexual abuse should always be considered when a child presents with genital symptoms, but our data indicate it is not a common contributing factor. Infection is generally associated with vaginal discharge and moderate or severe inflammation.  (+info)

Fin-de-siecle Philadelphia and the founding of the Medical Library Association. (7/790)

Philadelphia at the time of the founding of the Medical Library Association (MLA) is described. Several factors that promoted the birth of the association are discussed, including the rapid increase in the labor force and the rise of other health related professions, such as the American Hospital Association and the professionalization of nursing. The growth of the public hygiene movement in Philadelphia at the time of Sir William Osler's residency in the city is discussed. Finally, the rapid growth of the medical literature is considered a factor promoting the development of the association. This article continues the historical consideration of the MLA begun in the author's article on the three founders of the association. The background information is drawn from the items listed in the bibliography, and the conclusions are those of the author.  (+info)

Occupational hygiene science and its application in occupational health policy, at home and abroad. (8/790)

This paper examines the role of occupational hygiene in the overall framework of occupational health. It draws attention to the unique combination of required individual science subjects, and to the way in which occupational hygiene science contributes to the practice of occupational hygiene in the real world. It focuses in particular on occupational exposure standards. The paper provides, as an example, the specific case of occupational aerosol exposures. It is here that scientific research has made a notable impact on standards and led to a considerable degree of international harmonization. Finally, some broader insights into occupational exposure standards are given, based on experience gained during visits to a number of contrasting countries. The similarities and differences between the various national approaches help indicate what is generic in how standards are set. Such insights provide a basis for further international harmonization in the future. It is concluded that occupational exposure standards appear to be most effectively applied in countries where there are strong occupational hygiene cultures.  (+info)

Impact on disease burden due to inadequate and unsafe water, lack of sanitation and poor hygiene behaviour is a complex issue [1]. The occurrence and severity of Hygiene related outbreaks in endemic areas is greatly enhanced by human behaviour with regards the practice of healthy hygiene [2-4]. Poor hygiene behaviour is a major problem in developing countries [5]. Hygiene and sanitation related Diseases are a huge burden in developing countries; Causing many people to fall ill even to die [2], Schools have repeatedly been implicated in the spread of gastrointestinal disease, High among primary school going children [5-9].. Improvements in hygiene behaviour are the most important barrier to many infectious diseases, because with safe behaviour and appropriate facilities, people reduce their risk of becoming exposed to diseases [1-5]. A study conducted by FEACHEM R. G stated that hygiene behaviour influences the pattern of diarrhoeal spread. Water handling, latrine utilization behaviour, and ...
ATTENTION:. BEFORE YOU READ THE ABSTRACT OR CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!. INFORMATION:. YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420. THE IMPACT OF FOOD HYGIENE PRACTICES IN THE PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DIARRHOEA AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN. ABSTRACT:. This work discusses the impact of food hygiene practices in the prevention and control of diarrhoea among primary school children. A hundred and twenty questionnaires were shared amongst parents and teachers of selected primary schools. Interviews and surveys were also conducted.. Primary and secondary data were used the analysis. Both frequency distribution and regression analysis were used.. It was observed therefore that food hygiene practices have a significant positive impact in the prevention and control ...
Alana Potter, lead author of the WASHCost working paper on Assessing hygiene cost-effectiveness, explains the importance of changing hygiene behaviours so that improved water and sanitation can lead to the expected health benefits. She has been reviewing indicators, tools and methods that sector institutions are using to monitor and measure hygiene behaviour change and identified…
Alana Potter, lead author of the WASHCost working paper on Assessing hygiene cost-effectiveness, explains the importance of changing hygiene behaviours so that improved water and sanitation can lead to the expected health benefits. She has been reviewing indicators, tools and methods that sector institutions are using to monitor and measure hygiene behaviour change and identified…
Hygienic interventions to reduce STI risk among men date back to programmes for servicemen during the first and second world wars.8,9,10 We have initiated three studies involving the use of topical microbicides by men. The first study, reported here, examined genital hygiene attitudes and practices and their temporal relation to sex. The second evaluated the safety and acceptability of three candidate topical microbicide formulations. Thirdly, we are conducting a randomised controlled trial of topical microbicide use by men to prevent the recurrence of BV in their sex partner. This first study demonstrates that men in resource limited areas of Africa realise the importance of bathing and some understand the role of genital hygiene in the transmission of STI. However, perceptions and factors associated with sexual partnerships, and exogenous individual and community level factors may constrain their genital hygiene behaviours.. Bathing at least once daily was linked to educational attainment and ...
Research by the consumer campaign group Which? has revealed that hundreds of hotels across the UK, including those with four and five star ratings, are failing basic food hygiene standards.. The research published this week reveals that 652 UK hotels including B&Bs and guest houses received an improvement required or a food hygiene rating score of two or below under the English rating system. Poor hygiene standards were not limited to the bottom end of the market with hotels sporting two rosettes and four and five stars failing to meet adequate levels of food safety. Specifically, four-star Dean Court Hotel in York, part of the Best Western Premier Collection holds two AA rosettes, but hygiene inspectors found its kitchens in need of major improvement, awarding a rating of just 1. Londons five-star Royal Horseguards hotel also has two AA Rosettes but a hygiene rating of just two. Which? presented these results to the hotels. Best Western blamed the score at Dean Court Hotel in York on a ...
hygiene ; Personal hygiene needs to be part of everybodys daily habits, so that we can help prevent illnesses from spreading. In some places it is easier to practice good hygiene (if for example you have clean water on tap), and for some jobs you need to be very careful about hygiene. To find out more. Better Health Channel ...
Food hygiene refers to good practices that improve the safety of food. Key practices include reducing or eliminating direct health hazards or preventing them from multiplying in foodstuffs. Health hazards may be caused by biological (microbes, parasites and prion proteins), chemical (toxic substances and allergens) or physical materials (foreign objects, insects and bone splinters) found in food.. Food business operators are responsible for the safety of the foodstuffs they supply. This can be ensured with a system of own checks that help operators to control the hygiene and safety of their production processes and products. Operators must comply with the requirements of hygiene legislation concerning foodstuffs and their handling, food establishments and operators obligations. For example, operators are obliged to demonstrate their food hygiene competence with a so-called Hygiene Passport.. In Finland, compliance with hygiene legislation is supervised by municipal food control authorities. ...
Whether it is relative wealth or relative poverty that drives the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa, is a controversial aspect of HIV/AIDS epidemiology. We suggest that the social epidemiology of HIV in Africa is changing. Previously, new infections were more rapidly acquired by those of relatively higher socioeconomic position (SEP). More recently, those of relatively low SEP are at greater risk. If confirmed, we further suggest in this paper that this pattern would be compatible with Cesar Victoras inverse equity hypothesis, first articulated in relation to child morbidity and mortality. The hypothesis suggests that those of higher SEP benefit first from new health interventions.1. Reviews draw different conclusions about the association between SEP and HIV infection within sub-Saharan African countries. Some authors stress that poverty is a key driver of HIV, and that poverty alleviation is the only sustainable solution.2 Others show that higher education and greater relative wealth are ...
How do you help your children care for their teeth:Teaching your children proper oral hygiene at a very early age is an important part of growing up. You should start by setting an example for your child. If you take a good care of your own teeth, it sends a message that oral health is something to be valued. Dont dig too far on this aspect, just make it fun. Brush along with them and let them choose their own brush when you are shopping.
I consider myself a germaphobe, the thought of unseen creepy crawlies does serious damage to my mind, bleach is my best friend.. Ive fallen in love with antibacterial wipes, vinegar, indeed anything that will KILL microbes on surfaces anyplace near me. I grow a huge smile every time I see Asian tourists strolling the streets in surgical face masks, are we overreacting?. It turns out I might be overreacting, scientists reckon that some germs are good? I must point out that Hygiene - as used in this post - has little relationship with hygiene in the usual meaning of the word. The term hygiene hypothesis is unfortunate, as it is misleading. A better term would be Microbial Deprivation Hypothesis.. Our immune systems are our single most important line of defense against infection.. The bacteria and germs that surround us, some of these microbes can be nasty, really nasty, causing food poisoning, colds, a variety of other infections as well as diseases.. It is perhaps the ones inside that we ...
I consider myself a germaphobe, the thought of unseen creepy crawlies does serious damage to my mind, bleach is my best friend.. Ive fallen in love with antibacterial wipes, vinegar, indeed anything that will KILL microbes on surfaces anyplace near me. I grow a huge smile every time I see Asian tourists strolling the streets in surgical face masks, are we overreacting?. It turns out I might be overreacting, scientists reckon that some germs are good? I must point out that Hygiene - as used in this post - has little relationship with hygiene in the usual meaning of the word. The term hygiene hypothesis is unfortunate, as it is misleading. A better term would be Microbial Deprivation Hypothesis.. Our immune systems are our single most important line of defense against infection.. The bacteria and germs that surround us, some of these microbes can be nasty, really nasty, causing food poisoning, colds, a variety of other infections as well as diseases.. It is perhaps the ones inside that we ...
... is not well understood by the medical profession, most of whom are far more familiar with adaptive immunity. Many doctors still do not recognise, for example, that it is the innate rather than the acquired immune system that is more important in keeping us free from infection. They may know that the innate immune system is damaged by excessive hygiene (the hygiene hypothesis), which has removed important immune-priming compounds from the food chain. However, there is relatively little awareness, that innate immune function can be enhanced by the use of immuno-primers; among which the lead candidate is undoubtedly yeast-derived 1-3, 1-6 beta glucans. Thankfully this is changing.. These important new therapeutic tools are now the subject of intense research programmes; a simple search of the medical and scientific databases reveals a rapid proliferation of publications citing the 1-3, 1-6 beta glucans in a wide variety of applications. The FDA is currently supporting their ...
Dr. Bryan was the first to describe nitrite and nitrate as indispensable nutrients required for optimal cardiovascular health. He was the first to demonstrate and discover an endocrine function of nitric oxide via the formation of S-nitrosoglutathione and inorganic nitrite.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Regulatory role of B-1 B cells in chronic colitis. AU - Shimomura, Yasuyo. AU - Mizoguchi, Emiko. AU - Sugimoto, Ken. AU - Kibe, Ryoko. AU - Benno, Yoshimi. AU - Mizoguchi, Atsushi. AU - Bhan, Atul K.. PY - 2008/6/1. Y1 - 2008/6/1. N2 - According to the hygiene hypothesis, enhanced microbial exposure due to early childhood infections leads to a reduction of Th 2-mediated allergic diseases and inflammatory bowel disease. To begin to elucidate the mechanisms underlying this hypothesis, we studied development of Th2-mediated colitis of the TCRα knockout (KO) mouse in both a specific pathogen-free (SPF) facility and a conventional (CV) facility. After more than five generations in each facility, TCRα KO mice kept in the CV facility developed dramatically less colitis than mice that were kept in the SPF facility. Surprisingly, the suppression of colitis in the CV facility correlated with a significant increase in natural IgM production by B-1 B cells. In contrast, B cell-deficient ...
The rising food allergy epidemic in Australian children is undeniable, but no-one is sure whats behind it. Theories include the hygiene hypothesis - that were not exposing kids to enough nasties in the environment to train their immune systems. But that theory
We are incorporating a community service aspect to the annual meeting. There will be a station throughout the conference where you and your colleagues can come assemble hygiene kits that will be donated to a worthy charity or cause. Hygiene kits are a wonderful way to give back to our local communities in a customizable, easy and fun way! The kits we will provide are unique because they include product that was repurposed from the hospitality industry - creating both an environmental and social impact. The health of a community starts with the personal hygiene and cleanliness of each individual. Together we can help prevent the spread of microbes that carry harmful illnesses by making personal hygiene items, like hand soap, toothpaste, shampoo etc., available to those who need them most.. ...
Interested in learning more about WSSCCs work and staying up to date with our latest activities and reports through our quarterly newsletter? You can enjoy this and other exclusive benefits by becoming a WSSCC member. Membership is free! For more information on membership benefits and how to register, please visit our membership section. ...
We offer simply designed products like household handwashing bags, much larger kits for use in small groups and at community level, and emergency rehydration kits, ideal for pre-positioning, that can help combat the spread of diseases such as Cholera ...
Thai airlines have also implemented preventive measures, including passengers health screening and intensifying hygiene measures. Several airlines have also announced fee waiver policies for flight changes and cancellations, credit accounts and refunds on reserved tickets for flights to high-risk destinations.. The Department of Health, Ministry of Public Health has stressed the importance of strict hygiene measures at government places, restaurants, food stalls, hotels, and petrol stations. The measures also cover public transport, including city buses and commuter vans, rapid transit (sky train and subway) and ferries, as well as intercity buses, coaches and trains.. The Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, has released a series of recommendations for the general public and the public and private organisations as well as operators of public spaces on the coronavirus preventive measures. For the full list of recommendations, click: ...
Photo about Male personal hygiene tools, razor, soap, tooth brush, towel, brush. Daily routine, grooming concept,. Image of personal, tooth, morning - 2505862
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Find a great selection of Pack Towels and Personal Hygiene and other outdoor gear at L.L.Bean. hunting and amp; fishing gear tested in the lab and field, and made for the shared joy of the outdoors.
While practicing personal hygiene is important in your social life, it is essential in preventing the development and spread of infections and illnesses....
This lesson discusses personal hygiene and helps students to understand that they are responsible for taking care of their own bodies.
Club Inclusives Personal Hygiene Drive Benefiting Tent City November 1 - December 8 Drop off at Blakely Hall, M-F, 8am-5pm Items of most need: Toothpaste
Club Inclusives Personal Hygiene Drive Benefiting Tent City November 1 - December 8 Drop off at Blakely Hall, M-F, 8am-5pm Items of most need: Toothpaste
We all fall prey to various personal hygiene products which are extremely high in chemicals. Some of those chemicals create bad reactions that result in skin
The simple act of hand washing can dramatically decrease the spread of life-threatening diseases. WATERisLIFE builds on current community programs to ensure that behavioral changes become modifiers for future generations.. The WATERisLIFE hygiene education program is supplementary to the integrated process that WATERisLIFE presents to each community. We understand that not every community encounters the same challenges and difficulties with their water source, sanitation and community health needs. The WATERisLIFE hygiene education program is an important component of the overall goal to maintain a sustainable water and sanitation solution to transform the health of an entire community.. Community-driven school hygiene education can be truly transformational. Students listen. They watch, imitate and retain the information they are given. They are eager and attentive. They share what they learn with their family members. They are the ambassadors to their familys health.. The WATERisLIFE hygiene ...
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) has launched a UK-wide campaign to raise awareness among food businesses about the Agency tools available to help businesses comply with food hygiene law.
Triage aims at the early recognition of cases that fall into the definition of COVID-19 case, the assessment of infection severity and the restriction of virus spread to other patients, visitors and healthcare workers. Triage also safeguards health services provided to citizens.. Triage must be carried out before entrance to A&E, and specifically, at the hospitals main gate office (container). A suitable poster with information to incoming individuals must be placed at the triage area. Trained personnel shall ask questions based on the definition of COVID-19 case. Patients who meet the suspected case criteria will be given a standard surgical mask and will be transferred to a separate waiting and examination area (isolation) with available infrastructure and materials for hand hygiene and respiratory hygiene practice, and, if possible, without going through A&E, while adhering to all necessary measures against virus spreading. Moreover, for best triage and early identification of suspected ...
Download cleanliness, face, hygiene, hygienic, mirror, scrub, washing icon in .PNG or .ICO format. Icon designed by Gan Khoon Lay found in the icon set Personal Hygiene
Keeping yourself, or someone you are caring for, clean is essential for good health. Poor hygiene can cause skin complaints and infections, and be a source of discomfort and low self-esteem.
Resources for water-related hygiene issues, including links to sites or documents relating to facial cleanliness, face washing, hand washing, body washing, hygiene issues specific to less developed countries, and hygiene etiquette.
Eating out? Getting food in? Check the food hygiene rating. Find out if a restaurant, takeaway or food shop you want to visit has good food hygiene standards.
Eating out? Getting food in? Check the food hygiene rating. Find out if a restaurant, takeaway or food shop you want to visit has good food hygiene standards.
Below are citations to 12 recently published or forthoming reports and articles. Links are included to the full-text when available. These Environmental Health Updates can also be found on the Environmental Health at USAID website at: http://www.ehproject.org/eh/eh_topics.html New Reports 1 - USAID Hygiene Improvement Project, 2009 - Assessment of Hygiene Promotion in Madagascar 2007-2008: Comparisons…
Hotcourses has 52 of the best Food Hygiene courses & professionally qualified Burford training - Start the top Food Hygiene training courses today
Hotcourses has 52 of the best Food Hygiene courses & professionally qualified Isle Of Wight training - Start the top Food Hygiene training courses today
Cover Your Cough Compliance Kit. Cover Your Cough (CYC) Compliance Kits hold an assortment of personal protection equipment in a convenient and attractive dispenser. This kit holds two boxes of earloop face masks, one - two boxes of facial tissue, and one hand sanitizer bottle or hand sanitizing wipe canister (consumables not included). The sign holder is vertical and a variety of signs can be downloaded and printed from BowmanDispensers. Proper and consistent use of the products in this dispenser reduces the chances of spreading infectious bacteria and viruses, such as those found in influenza and the common cold. CYC Compliance Kits are ideal for use in public waiting areas, offices, and lobbies.. Kit BD111-0033 includes the following products:. • BOWMAN® Respiratory Hygiene Station (RS001-0233 ...
The easiest and most important method to prevent the transfer of bacteria is effective hand hygiene. All healthcare workers, patients and hospital visitors should practise good hand hygiene.. Hand hygiene is the cornerstone of infection prevention and patient safety, and while this is vital in our healthcare facilities, it is equally important at home, work and in the community. Hygiene measures are all-important yet often undervalued.. ...
Poor hygiene practice is a major contributor to several endemic and epidemic diseases in Southern Africa. Handwashing with soap and water has been proven to be the single most cost-effective intervention to prevent top causes of under-5 mortality including acute respiratory diseases such as Covid-19. Investment in hygiene is essential to managing the current challenges
Cough etiquette is especially important for infection control measures in healthcare settings, such as emergency departments, doctors offices, and clinics. More information on respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette in healthcare settings may be found on CDCs seasonal flu pages.. One final practice that helps prevent the spread of respiratory disease is avoiding close contact with people who are sick. If you are ill, you should try to distance yourself from others so you do not spread your germs. Distancing includes staying home from work or school when possible.. For more information on stopping the spread of germs, please visit CDCs Good Health Habits for Preventing Seasonal Flu pages.. ...
Everyone expects the highest standards of hygiene to be implemented in any healthcare setting, and the protection of patients, pet owners and staff within veterinary clinics is no different. Cleaning and disinfection should be monitored thoroughly and regularly with technology that permits objective measurement of any surface cleaning efficiency.. High standards of hygiene and monitoring have been adopted in animal research and breeding centres, whereas the hygienic state of nearly 5,500 UK veterinary premises is largely unknown to their owners, staff and users.. Historic cases of MRSA infection in companion animals have led to litigation cases where poor hygiene could be substantiated. The prevalence of multidrug resistant bacteria is a present and major threat to human and animal wellbeing such that preventative measures are more important than ever.. The Federation of European Companion Animal Veterinary Association already recommends cleaning and disinfection. The Royal College of Veterinary ...
This webinar will discuss the basic hygiene practices necessary to manage food safety hazards in the catering industry. The catering industry provides ready-to-eat food to consumers. It is therefore imperative that all necessary measures are taken to ensure that this food is safe and wholesome. Adequate measures are required to ensure the elimination of food…
Toilet paper, laundry detergent and toothpaste -- all small things that many take for granted. But for the families who receive help from Marthas Cupboard of Richland, those necessities are an expense they may not be able to afford. The nonprofit, which started at Richlands Central United Protestant Church in 2002, provides Tri-City families in need with everyday hygiene and cleaning supplies that arent covered by food stamps. Many people think when a family doesnt have money, food is what they need, said Mary Gettis, who leads the all-volunteer group. And food certainly is important. But without extra money, families cant afford toilet paper, soap and shampoo, she said. And lacking basic hygiene items can make job hunting, working and school difficult. People are so appreciative just of the small things, toilet paper especially, Gettis said. Gettis said they get an awful lot of requests and keep seeing the needs grow. The core of Marthas Cupboards mission is the personal care bags they
90 per cent of pathogens are transmitted to calves in the first hours of life, but adopting good hygiene practices could reduce the risk of costly infections at a later date.
Dr. Gonzalez responded: Dental Decay. Poor dental hygiene relates to higher rates of cardiovascular desease and |a href="/topics/stroke" track_data="{
New post (Genital Hygiene: Dos and Donts) has been published on Be Healthy - http://behealthy.news/sexual-health/genital-hygiene-dos-donts ...
American Hygiene, Wholesale Various High Quality American Hygiene Products from Global American Hygiene Suppliers and American Hygiene Factory,Importer,Exporter at Alibaba.com.
... is an overall term for hygiene and cosmetology involving the hair which grows from the human scalp, and to a lesser ... Head lice can be removed with great attention to detail, and studies show it is not necessarily associated with poor hygiene. ... the way the skin all over the body requires cleaning for good hygiene. ...
Article 56: Hygiene and public health[edit]. Article 56 describes the medical obligations the occupying power has in the ... 3.2.4 Article 56: Hygiene and public health. *3.2.5 Article 78: Security measures. Internment and assigned residence. Right of ... In adopting measures of health and hygiene and in their implementation, the Occupying Power shall take into consideration the ... public health and hygiene in the occupied territory, with particular reference to the adoption and application of the ...
Hygiene measures[edit]. The spread of chickenpox can be prevented by isolating affected individuals. Contagion is by exposure ... It is important to maintain good hygiene and daily cleaning of skin with warm water to avoid secondary bacterial infection.[43] ...
a b c d BMGF (2015). Building demand for sanitation - a 2015 portfolio update and overview - Water, sanitation, and hygiene ... Water, sanitation and hygiene[edit]. The "sanitation value chain" used by the Gates Foundation to illustrate their approach to ... a b c BMGF (2011). Water, Sanitation & Hygiene Strategy Overview, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, USA ... a b Radke, N., Spuhler, D. (2013) Brief overview of conditions for water, sanitation and hygiene grants by the Bill & Melinda ...
Preventive medicine, field sanitation and hygiene[edit]. *Field sanitation and hygiene measures ...
Hygiene and skin care[edit]. See also: Exfoliation (cosmetology). The skin supports its own ecosystems of microorganisms, ...
Hygiene[edit]. It is important to note that the human skin is host to numerous bacterial and fungal species, some of which are ... Kownatzki E (2003). "Hand hygiene and skin health". J Hosp Infect. 55 (4): 239-45. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2003.08.018. PMID ... "Epidemiologic background of hand hygiene and evaluation of the most important agents for scrubs and rubs". Clin Microbiol Rev ...
Motivator-hygiene theory[edit]. Motivator-hygiene theory[45] differentiates between motivating factors (motivators) and ... Hygiene factors, such as work conditions, may improve when teleworking such that teleworkers have the flexibility to work in a ... dissatisfying factors (hygienes). Factors that are motivators such as recognition and career advancement may be lessened with ...
Food Hygiene Rating Scheme (FHRS)[edit]. A food hygiene rating scheme has been deployed by the Food Safety Agency for all food ... Apart from Scotland which is under a very simple Food Hygiene Information Scheme, the FSA's Food Hygiene Rating Scheme will be ... "Simple certification of food hygiene ratings". Retrieved 31 July 2012.. *^ "The Battle of Rutland: Why the council refuses to ... Formerly an executive agency of the FSA, the Meat Hygiene Service merged with the FSA in April 2010 to form a new operations ...
Part G. Sanitation, hygiene and water efficiency[edit]. Adequate sanitation facilities i.e. toilet. ...
Teeth can be damaged by several factors including poor oral hygiene, but also by wrong oral hygiene. Especially for sensitive ... a b ISO 16409:2006 + Amd.1:2010, Dentistry - Oral hygiene products - Manual interdental brushes ... Hygiene and care[edit]. *It is not recommended to share toothbrushes with others, since besides general hygienic concerns, ... The toothbrush is an oral hygiene instrument used to clean the teeth, gums, and tongue. It consists of a head of tightly ...
Oral hygiene[edit]. This section is too long. Consider splitting it into new pages, adding subheadings, or condensing it. ... New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. New York, NY. 2016.. ... According to the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene - Bureau of Maternal, Infant and Reproductive Health, it ... women are counseled on nutrition and hygiene to improve their health prior to, and following, delivery. They can also develop a ...
a b c d WHO and UNICEF (2017) Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baselines. Geneva: World ... Water, sanitation, hygiene (WASH)[edit]. Main article: WASH. Further information: Water issues in developing countries and ... "Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene - 2017". www.washdata.org. World Health Organization (WHO) and the United ... Access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services is at very low levels in many developing countries. In 2015 the World ...
Main article: Oral hygiene. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping the mouth clean and is a means of preventing dental caries ... "Loss of Tooth Structure", American Dental Hygiene Association. *^ "Abnormalities of Teeth", University of Missouri-Kansas City ... As a result, flossing is also considered a necessity to maintain oral hygiene. When used correctly, dental floss removes plaque ... Electric toothbrushes are a popular aid to oral hygiene. A user without disabilities, with proper training in manual brushing, ...
Sleep hygiene[edit]. Sleep hygiene is a common term for all of the behaviors which relate to the promotion of good sleep. These ... Sleep hygiene and lifestyle changes are typically the first treatment for insomnia.[5][7] Sleep hygiene includes a consistent ... a b Ellis, J. J., Hampson, S. E., & Cropley, M. M. "Sleep hygiene or compensatory sleep practices: an examination of behaviors ... Poor sleep hygiene, e.g., noise or over-consumption of caffeine.[22] ...
Hygiene[edit]. Main articles: Hygiene and Food microbiology. Hygiene is a set of practices to avoid infection or food spoilage ... "Hygiene". World Health Organization (WHO). Retrieved 18 May 2017.. *^ "The Five Keys to Safer Food Programme". World Health ... The pathogens responsible for many infectious diseases are microbes and as such are the target of hygiene measures. ...
Hand hygiene[edit]. Hand hygiene aims to reduce the number of microorganisms on hands. Antimicrobial agents such as alcohol- ... However, in fact, their role extends much further to include: providing patients help with their oral hygiene skills, preparing ... Johnson PM (August 2001). "International profiles of dental hygiene 1987 to 1998: a 19-nation comparative study". International ... Promote the dental team concept in achieving good oral health and promoting good oral hygiene habits ...
Hygiene[edit]. Poor hygiene and prevalence of meat-borne disease has been reported in studies of Indian cattle slaughter-houses ... Surveys of cattle slaughter operations in India have reported hygiene and ethics concerns.[42][43] The Indian government ...
Movement for Sanitation and Hygiene[edit]. He first came to understand the plight of scavengers in 1968 when he joined the ... His work is considered pioneering in social reform, especially in the field of sanitation and hygiene. He received various ...
The traditional divisions between the branches of Islam can be traced back to disagreement over who would succeed the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Muslims have been instructed to stay united. Division among Muslims is prohibited.[where?][citation needed] However, disagreements and difference of opinion among people do occur. A few months prior to his death, Muhammad delivered a sermon at Ghadir Khumm where he announced that Ali ibn Abi Talib would be his successor.[1] After the sermon, the Muslims pledged allegiance to Ali. Both Shia and Sunni sources agree that Abu Bakr, Umar ibn al-Khattab, and Uthman ibn Affan were among the many who pledged allegiance to Ali at this event.[2][3][4] However, just after Muhammad died, a group of Muslims met at Saqifa, where Umar pledged allegiance to Abu Bakr, who subsequently assumed political power. The event of Saqifah led to the formation of two groups in the Muslim community. One group followed Muhammad's announcement at Ghadir Khumm and kept their ...
A number of scholars/reformers[67][68] have suggested that traditional hudud penalties "may have been suitable for the age in which Muhammad lived" but are no longer,[67] or that "new expression" for "the underlying religious principles and values" of Hudud should be developed.[68] Tariq Ramadan has called for an international moratorium on the punishments of hudud laws until greater scholarly consensus can be reached.[69] Hudud punishments have been called incompatible with international norms of human rights and sometimes simple justice. At least one observer (Sadakat Kadri) has complained that the inspiration of faith has not been a guarantee of justice, citing as an example the execution of two dissidents for "waging war against God" (Moharebeh) in the Islamic Republic of Iran-the dissidents waging war by organizing unarmed political protests.[70][71] The Hudood Ordinance in Pakistan led to the jailing of thousands of women on zina-related charges, were used to file "nuisance or harassment ...
Opponents of dhabīḥah ḥalāl, most notably some animal welfare groups, contend that some methods of slaughter "cause severe suffering to animals" compared to when the animal is stunned before slaughter, which is why the Egyptian Fatwa Committee has agreed to the electronarcosis. In the United Kingdom, the government funded an independent advisory body Farm Animal Welfare Council to examine the issue, which recommended that conventional dhabīḥah (along with kosher slaughter (sheḥitah)) without prior stunning be abolished. The FAWC chairwoman of the time, Dr. Judy MacArthur Clark, said, "This is a major incision into the animal and to say that it doesn't suffer is quite ridiculous." According to Dr Peter Jinman, president of the British Veterinary Association, vets are "looking at what is acceptable in the moral and ethical society we live."[26] Muslims counter this by referring to the problems connected with stunning and the alleged benefits of slaughter without stunning.[27] It is ...
He was a pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy. By conducting one of the first ever clinical trials,[1][2] he developed ... James Lind's is one of twenty-three names to feature on the Frieze of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine ... However, incidence was very high on the lower floors where such hygiene measures were not in place. Lind recommended that ...
Work hygiene. External links[edit]. *Official website. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_ ...
See also: Oral hygiene. Dental hygienist polishing a patient's teeth. Regular tooth cleaning by a dental professional is ...
... development of an all organic cotton tampon The Duchess of Cornwall and her husband have had an interest in Feminine Hygiene ... Duchless Orgasmics Develops Organic Cotton Feminine Hygiene Products : Duchless Orgsamics The Prince of Wales and Duchless ... You are here: Spoof News / Entertainment & Gossip / Duchless Orgasmics Develops Organic Cotton Feminine Hygiene Products ... The Duchess of Cornwall and her husband have had an interest in Feminine Hygiene products since the beginning of their long ...
Buy Bodyform feminine hygiene products at Chemist Direct. Bodyform offers a range of Ultra-Fit, Maxi and Night Time pads and ...
Femfresh hygiene personal care products include shampoo, body wash, deodorants and powders. ... Buy Femfresh feminine hygiene products at Chemist Direct. ... Femfresh hygiene personal care products available at Chemist ... Femfresh hygiene products are daily care especially designed for women.. Femfresh is a range of everyday intimate hygiene ... Femfresh hygiene personal care products include shampoo, body wash, deodorants and powders. ...
... convenient alternatives to commercial feminine hygiene products that are loaded with toxins that threaten a womans ... Safe Alternatives to Toxic Feminine Hygiene Products. Safe Alternatives to Toxic Feminine Hygiene Products. by Sarah Pope MGA. ... These feminine hygiene products are usually made of cotton or a blend of cotton and rayon for absorbency. Rayon is a cellulose ... There is no doubt that ditching commercial feminine hygiene products is one of the smartest personal care changes a woman can ...
... conventional feminine hygiene products last year, I made the switch to 100% organic tampons and have not used a conventional ... feminine hygiene product since. Please read on to find out more ... Feminine Hygiene Products: Why You Need to be Concerned. I am ... Feminine Hygiene Products. So many of us are aware of the chemicals and toxins in/on our foods and we likely try to avoid them ... chemicals and byproducts that make up conventional feminine hygiene products. If you care about your feminine hygiene health( ...
Find Quality Feminine Hygiene Products, Feminine Hygiene Manufacturers, Feminine Hygiene Suppliers And Exporters At Mukru.Com. ...
... safe water for sanitation and hygiene, other uses of water, and how to make water safe to drink in emergencies for outbreaks, ... Education and information about body washing and its relation to hygiene and healthy water, including drinking water, swimming ... Water, Sanitation, & Environmentally-related Hygiene * Handwashing & Nail Hygiene ... Many diseases and conditions can be prevented or controlled through appropriate personal hygiene and by frequently washing ...
... safe water for sanitation and hygiene, other uses of water, and how to make water safe to drink in emergencies for outbreaks, ... information and statistics about water-related hygiene topics, including drinking water, swimming / recreational water, ... Water, Sanitation, & Environmentally-related Hygiene * Handwashing & Nail Hygiene ... Face and Body Hygiene. *More than 50% of healthy persons have Staphylococcus aureus living in or on their nasal passages, ...
Health and safety offences, corporate manslaughter, food safety and hygiene offences. Published on: 3 November 2015 ... Health and safety offences, corporate manslaughter and food safety and hygiene offences: Definitive guideline. ... corporate manslaughter and food safety and hygiene offences. The guideline came into effect on 1 February 2016. We have made ...
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Info concerning Bennington College industrial hygiene. Whether you are considering an associates degree (LVN or LPN jobs), or a ... Bennington College Industrial Hygiene OSU Lima transfer credits Lynchburg College basketball game on TV Clark State Community ... Bennington College Industrial Hygiene Keene State College loan repayment Quinsigamond Community College admissions ACT score ... Bennington College industrial hygiene. Apply to several colleges and universities simultaneously, and if you have the grades ...
... sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental hygiene, and occupational hygiene, used in connection with public health. Hygiene is also ... Food hygiene at home[edit]. Main article: Food hygiene. Food hygiene is concerned with the hygiene practices that prevent food ... respiratory hygiene, food and water hygiene, general home hygiene (hygiene of environmental sites and surfaces), care of ... Excessive body hygiene is one example of obsessive compulsive disorder. Excessive body hygiene and allergies[edit]. The hygiene ...
Environmental Hygiene journals.[11] Another seminal occupational hygiene journal would be The Annals of Occuapational Hygiene, ... Occupational hygiene as a career[edit]. Examples of occupational hygiene careers include: *Compliance officer on behalf of ... Environmental hygiene addresses similar issues to occupational hygiene, but is likely to be about broad industry or broad ... Occupational hygiene (United States: industrial hygiene (IH)) is the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, control and ...
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Hygiene is a word used to describe sanitary principles for the preservation of health. Personal hygiene... ... Hygiene is a word used to describe sanitary principles for the preservation of health. Personal hygiene refers to the ... Bacteria Contamination Disease transmission Employees Handwashing Hygiene Skin This is a preview of subscription content, log ... Employees must be held responsible for personal hygiene so that the food that they work with remains safe and wholesome. ...
Hygiene Fast Facts: Information on Water-Related Hygiene (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) ... Body Hygiene (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) * Clean Hands Save Lives: Emergency Situations (Centers for Disease ... ClinicalTrials.gov: Hand Hygiene (National Institutes of Health) * ClinicalTrials.gov: Hand Sanitizers (National Institutes of ... Hygiene Etiquette: Coughing and Sneezing (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) * If Soap and Water Are Not Available, ...
This conception is a relatively recent historical phenomenon, although hygiene as a health practice has its roots in antiquity. ... good hygiene had come to signify adherence to high standards of grooming, particularly personal cleanliness. ... Hygiene By the close of the twentieth century, ... sex hygiene, moral hygiene, and many other arenas of hygiene, ... In domestic hygiene, maternal hygiene, tropical hygiene, international hygiene, industrial hygiene, ...
Industrial Hygiene Digest, Volume 1; Volume 15. Contributors. Industrial Hygiene Foundation of America, Industrial Health ... exposed exposure factors fumes hazards hydrogen sulfide increased Industrial Health Industrial Hygiene Industrial Hygiene ... Industrial Health Foundation., 1951 - Industrial hygiene. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Industrial_Hygiene_ ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Industrial_Hygiene_Digest.html?id=7ucvAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-share ...
Industrial Hygiene Digest, Volume 1; Volume 16. Contributors. Industrial Hygiene Foundation of America, Industrial Health ... factors filter fumes gases given hazards hydrogen sulfide increased Industrial Health Industrial Hygiene Industrial Hygiene ... Industrial Health Foundation., 1952 - Industrial hygiene. 0 Reviewshttps://books.google.com/books/about/Industrial_Hygiene_ ... books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Industrial_Hygiene_Digest.html?id=KOgvAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-share ...
Women in Fufore town, Adamawa state have imbibed good menstrual hygiene practices due to efforts made by UNICEF-trained ... Advocacy and capacity building for menstrual hygiene management through WASH in schools programmes ... Eliminating barriers encountered by girls and women due to poor menstrual hygiene ... schools and governments to research and provide information about menstruation and promote positive hygiene habits ...
SCHOOL HYGIENE. Br Med J 1907; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2414.819 (Published 06 April 1907) Cite this as: Br Med J ...
I call this ongoing, routine care of feelings emotional hygiene.. Most of us learned things about bodily hygiene and health in ... Emotional hygiene is similar. Most of my clients are surprised to learn that their emotions, too, need daily care to maintain ... Here are some of my recommendations for daily emotional hygiene:. *Meet yourself: Just checking in with yourself on a daily ... When I watch clients begin to focus on emotional hygiene hope and energy are created. I wish hope and renewed energy for you. ...
Every day, over 800 children die from preventable diseases caused by poor water, and a lack of sanitation and hygiene. ... Clean water, basic toilets and good hygiene practices are essential for the survival and development of children. Today, there ... For millions of people around the globe, water, sanitation and hygiene conditions have improved. Still, in 2015, 663 million ... UNICEFs water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) team works in over 100 countries worldwide to improve water and sanitation ...
You must be in your second year enrolled in the dental hygiene program and be in good standi... ... The Awareness Dental Hygiene Scholarship is available to students at Waukesha County Technical College. ... The Awareness Dental Hygiene Scholarship is available to students at Waukesha County Technical College. You must be in your ... second year enrolled in the dental hygiene program and be in good standing to be eligible for this award. Other factors taken ...
Final Thoughts About Hygiene Habits. When it comes to matters of health and hygiene, it is important you balance your personal ... Harmful Hygiene Habit No. 5: Exfoliating Too Frequently. Effortless Healing: 9 ... Dr. Joseph Mercola Best Price: $3.00 Buy New ... lets take a closer look at popular hygiene routines that may be wreaking havoc on your health. Below are 10 hygiene habits ... Harmful Hygiene Habit No. 9: Spritzing Fragrance Into Your Underwear Grain Brain: The Surpr... David Perlmutter Best Price: $ ...
  • Did you know there is absolutely no federal regulation for current feminine hygiene brands to fully disclose the ingredients in the pads and tampons we purchase off the shelves? (carlypinchin.com)
  • VSH means 'Varroa Sensitive Hygiene', the hygienic behaviour by which some workers are able to recognize, open and remove the capped brood in which a varroa mite is reproducing. (wur.nl)
  • The hygiene hypothesis is also sometimes referred to as the biome depletion theory, or the "old friends" theory, is a hypothesis that states that the cause of allergic disease may be immune intolerance resulting from inadequate exposure to parasites and microbes in childhood. (news-medical.net)
  • Rather than considering fetal programming by maternal microbial exposures, neonatal programming, the hygiene hypothesis, gut microbiota, and diet as separate and competing hypotheses, I attempt here to integrate these ideas under a single umbrella concept that can provide the missing immunoregulatory environmental factor that is needed to explain the recent increases in autoimmune disease. (springer.com)
  • Rook GAW (2010) 99th Dahlem conference on infection, inflammation and chronic inflammatory disorders: darwinian medicine and the 'hygiene' or 'old friends' hypothesis. (springer.com)
  • A team of researchers from the University of Zurich (UoZ, Switzerland) and the University of Lausanne (Switzerland) led by Vladeta Ajdacic-Gross (UoZ) took inspiration from the hygiene hypothesis, analyzing a cohort of 4874 people between the ages of 35-82 to examine the co-incidence of diseases or disorders in childhood. (biotechniques.com)
  • Further analysis of these subdivisions showed that those born earlier in the 20th Century were more likely to be included in the resilient or neutral groups than those born later, seemingly validating the hygiene hypothesis. (biotechniques.com)
  • Our study thus corroborates the hygiene hypothesis, but at the same time goes beyond it," opined Ajdacic-Gross. (biotechniques.com)
  • A step beyond the hygiene hypothesis-immune-mediated classes determined in a population-based study. (biotechniques.com)
  • to menstrual hygiene management - a key issue that particularly affects the ability of girls to stay in school. (wvi.org)
  • If you major in industrial hygiene, for example, there are a variety of specializations that may appeal to you, such as medical assisting or occupational rehabilitation. (industrialhygiene.org)
  • The term "occupational hygiene" (used in the UK and Commonwealth countries as well as much of Europe) is synonymous with industrial hygiene (used in the US, Latin America, and other countries that received initial technical support or training from US sources). (wikipedia.org)
  • The term "industrial hygiene" traditionally stems from industries with construction, mining or manufacturing and "occupational hygiene" refers to all types of industry such as those listed for "industrial hygiene" as well as financial and support services industries and refers to " work ", " workplace " and "place of work" in general. (wikipedia.org)
  • Environmental hygiene addresses similar issues to occupational hygiene , but is likely to be about broad industry or broad issues affecting the local community, broader society, region or country. (wikipedia.org)
  • The profession of occupational hygiene uses strict and rigorous scientific methodology and often requires professional judgment based on experience and education in determining the potential for hazardous exposure risks in workplace and environmental studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • These aspects of occupational hygiene can often be referred to as the "art" of occupational hygiene and is used in a similar sense to the "art" of medicine . (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact "occupational hygiene" is both an aspect of preventive medicine and in particular occupational medicine , in that its goal is to prevent industrial disease, using the science of risk management , exposure assessment and industrial safety . (wikipedia.org)
  • HSEO team aim to identify and evaluate potential occupational hygiene issues arising in PolyU that may cause illness, injury or discomfort among staff, students and visitors. (edu.hk)
  • These industrial hygiene and safety standards are instrumental in the enforcement of appropriate occupational hygiene measures that are relevant for the accreditation of industrial firms. (astm.org)
  • It develops professionals in the field of occupational and environmental hygiene. (edu.au)
  • The Indiana Society for Mental Hygiene founded in 1916 to promote education on mental disease and mental deficiency, and to improve the care and treatment of the mentally ill and the mentally handicapped. (in.gov)
  • The Indiana Society for Mental Hygiene: Constitution and Bylaws, Adopted October 17, 1916, accessed at the Indiana State Archives, Indiana Conference on Mental Hygiene files, Box 13-V-5. (in.gov)
  • She received an Associate of Applied Science Degree from Madisonville Community College, a Bachelor of Science Degree in Dental Hygiene Education from the University of Southern Indiana, and a Master of Science Degree in Allied Health Education with an emphasis in Clinical and College Teaching from the University of Kentucky. (wku.edu)
  • When you pursue a Bachelor of Science in dental hygiene at Creighton University, you won't just become an expert in your field - you'll also benefit from a curriculum that encompasses the arts, humanities and basic and behavioral sciences. (creighton.edu)
  • Students who have successfully earned the Associate in Applied Science (AAS) in Dental Hygiene at Iowa Western Community College may be eligible to earn the Bachelor of Science in Dental Hygiene. (creighton.edu)
  • Clark College Dental Hygiene Program graduates earn a Bachelor of Applied Science in Dental Hygiene Degree. (clark.edu)
  • Chemical Hygiene Plan and Laboratory Safety Training. (uwm.edu)
  • The UWM Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) is on-line for you to adopt, revise to be lab-specific, and utilize in everyday applications. (uwm.edu)
  • All Chemicals used by Physics, Biology, and Chemistry Departments must be ordered through the Chemistry Stockroom as is required by the Chemical Hygiene Plan. (goshen.edu)
  • The Air Hygiene Foundation (also known as the Industrial Hygiene Foundation and the Industrial Health Foundation ) was created by industrialists in 1936 to allay public concern about silicosis, an often-fatal lung disease caused when workers inhaled silica dust. (sourcewatch.org)
  • In 1941, it changed its name to the Industrial Hygiene Foundation (and later still to the Industrial Health Foundation, or IHF), broadening its agenda beyond dust-related diseases to encompass other industrial health issues. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Eligible hygienists must have earned an Associate Degree in Dental Hygiene from an accredited US or Canadian institution. (etsu.edu)
  • Our small class sizes allow students to engage in personalized educational experiences through individual attention and peer collaboration, and our staff of knowledgeable dental hygienists and dentists supervise students in our innovative, modern, on-site dental hygiene clinic equipped with current technology. (slcc.edu)
  • All departments and official functions of Goshen College are to dispose of hazardous waste through the Chemical Hygiene Office (CHO). (goshen.edu)
  • What is more significant, even at the very outset of his career as a physician and surgeon, Sri Swami Sivananda (then Dr. Kuppuswamy) revealed it as his mission that he should broadcast the correct knowledge of the body and its functions, and of health and hygiene, with an insistence upon prevention as better than cure. (dlshq.org)
  • This volume, thus, is not only an authoritative text on Health and Hygiene from the pen of one who has been deeply interested in these aspects of life, but also the expression of the sage s supreme concern in the welfare of all beings Sarvabhutahite Ratah. (dlshq.org)
  • Therefore I want to propose a change to the policies in women's prison regarding feminine hygiene products. (change.org)
  • Women in prison should receive free feminine hygiene products, it's not their fault they were born a female and have to deal with this dreadful thing once a month. (change.org)
  • Women in prison should not only be given feminine hygiene products free of cost, but they should also have a variety to choose from whether that be the type of pad they want or if they want to use a tampon, women should be able to decide and get good quality products for their well being. (change.org)
  • spinal hygiene refers to the daily maintenance of one's back to prevent spinal injuries or dysfunction. (sfu.ca)
  • Cleaning processes (e.g., handwashing) remove infectious microbes as well as dirt and soil, and are thus often the means to achieve hygiene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Led by Dr. Thomas P. Fuller, the author team has decades of working experience in industrial hygiene, giving them a clear understanding of what new safety professionals need to know when they enter the field. (nsc.org)
  • The course is designed for safety, health, environmental and management personnel who have industrial hygiene responsibilities but limited training or experience in industrial hygiene. (nsc.org)
  • Even before any notion of germs became commonplace medical innovation created significant change in the understanding of hygiene. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In most cases, you must explain how germs work, develop a hygiene plan and make good hygiene fun. (wikihow.com)
  • On the occasion of International Women's Day , the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) and the UN Human Rights Office organized an all-day event, Inspiring Change to Promote Women's Rights and Dignity, which explored women's advances in securing their rights and dignity in topics related to water, sanitation, and hygiene. (ohchr.org)
  • Inadequate contact lens hygiene, such as failure to properly disinfect lenses, is associated with an increased risk of acquiring the eye infection Acanthamoeba keratitis 10 . (cdc.gov)
  • HIQA found that patients at the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital were placed at risk of contracting infection due to poor standard hand hygiene. (rte.ie)
  • Hand hygiene in a hospital in south county Dublin was not up to standard to prevent and contain the spread of infection, according to the most recent inspection of St Columcille's Hospital . (rte.ie)
  • Now the campaign has stopped, many in the infection control community would like to see the progress maintained and built upon with a new national hand hygiene strategy or an updated campaign. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • 1. B. Allegranzi, D. Pittet Role of hand hygiene in healthcare-associated infection prevention. (3m.com)
  • It includes procedures used in a variety of domestic situations such as hand hygiene, respiratory hygiene, food and water hygiene, general home hygiene (hygiene of environmental sites and surfaces), care of domestic animals, and home health care (the care of those who are at greater risk of infection). (wikipedia.org)
  • An evaluation of the national clean your hands campaign shows for the first time that an effective hand-hygiene campaign, undertaken in the context of a high profile political drive, can successfully reduce some healthcare associated infections, according to a new study published in the BMJ . (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The Mission of the Department of Dental Hygiene is to prepare culturally sensitive future leaders in the dental hygiene profession to provide competent, compassionate care and assume positions of responsibility and leadership in the professional roles of the dental hygienist. (ewu.edu)
  • The Industrial Hygiene program is vital to a comprehensive Safety and Environmental Compliance program. (southalabama.edu)
  • Safety and Environmental Compliance provides the following services as they relate to Industrial Hygiene: biological safety cabinet and chemical fume hood testing, asbestos surveying and sampling, indoor air quality testing, coordinates replacement and monitoring of HEPA building filtration systems, confined space and respiratory protection program oversight, water quality testing, and insures engineering standards on hazardous materials storage facilities are in compliance with applicable regulations. (southalabama.edu)
  • ASTM's industrial hygiene and safety standards specify the materials and detail the test methods that are relevant in recognizing, assessing, and controlling the physical, chemical, and environmental hazards involved in the workplace that could disrupt worker's health and well-being. (astm.org)
  • Hong Kong has strict laws about maintaining environmental hygiene, including fixed penalty fines of HK$1,500 for littering or spitting. (discoverhongkong.com)
  • What Is Environmental Hygiene? (reference.com)
  • Environmental hygiene is a group of activities that aim to protect people from dangerous conditions arising from unsanitary shelters, air supplies or bodily nourishment centers. (reference.com)
  • The first edition of the Essentials of Industrial Hygiene provides students and safety professionals with the necessary understanding of the core sciences along with how those concepts apply to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of workplace and environmental hazards. (nsc.org)
  • Hygiene is also the name of a branch of science that deals with the promotion and preservation of health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hygiene is a word used to describe sanitary principles for the preservation of health. (springer.com)
  • While officials advocate against unnecessary travel and other measures that would seemingly protect individuals from the spread of the new H1N1 virus, children's hygiene, the most important precaution is being largely ignored, Reuters reported. (redorbit.com)
  • Talking about menstrual hygiene before menarche (the first period) is very important for ensuring that girls know how to handle the often scary first period. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Like many other important truths, when first announced, the truths of Natural Hygiene were almost universally scouted as having no other foundation than the impudent trickery and charlatanism or the delusive fantasies of weak intellects. (soilandhealth.org)
  • Feminine hygiene is a very important thing to every woman not just because they want others to see them in some sort of way , but it is important for their health. (change.org)
  • October 9, 2007 (San Diego) -- Education and leadership are important components in increasing physician compliance with hand hygiene, but the suspension of privileges really changed behavior at one hospital, according to a study presented here at the Infectious Diseases Society of America 45th Annual Meeting. (medscape.com)
  • Dental hygiene isn't only important for people, it's also critical for our pets! (khon2.com)
  • Hygiene in a variety of settings plays an important role in preventing the spread of infectious diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are several factors you must take into consideration when establishing good and healthy sleep hygiene, maintaining consistent sleeping patterns, creating an optimal sleeping environment, eating properly, and exercising regularly. (wikihow.com)