Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Vegetable Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from vegetables or vegetable products used as food. The concept is distinguished from PLANT PROTEINS which refers to non-dietary proteins from plants.Isoflavones: 3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.Yeasts: A general term for single-celled rounded fungi that reproduce by budding. Brewers' and bakers' yeasts are SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE; therapeutic dried yeast is YEAST, DRIED.Soy Foods: Foods made from SOYBEANS. Health benefits are ascribed to the high levels of DIETARY PROTEINS and ISOFLAVONES.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Soy Milk: A beverage prepared from SOYBEANS.Phytoestrogens: PLANT EXTRACTS and compounds, primarily ISOFLAVONES, that mimic or modulate endogenous estrogens, usually by binding to ESTROGEN RECEPTORS.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Equol: A non-steroidal ESTROGEN generated when soybean products are metabolized by certain bacteria in the intestines.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Genistein: An isoflavonoid derived from soy products. It inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE and topoisomerase-II (DNA TOPOISOMERASES, TYPE II); activity and is used as an antineoplastic and antitumor agent. Experimentally, it has been shown to induce G2 PHASE arrest in human and murine cell lines and inhibits PROTEIN-TYROSINE KINASE.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Milk Proteins: The major protein constituents of milk are CASEINS and whey proteins such as LACTALBUMIN and LACTOGLOBULINS. IMMUNOGLOBULINS occur in high concentrations in COLOSTRUM and in relatively lower concentrations in milk. (Singleton and Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p554)Fungal Proteins: Proteins found in any species of fungus.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Plant Preparations: Material prepared from plants.Genes, Fungal: The functional hereditary units of FUNGI.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Yeast, Dried: The dry cells of any suitable strain of SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE or CANDIDA. It can be obtained as a by-product from the brewing of beer or by growing on media not suitable for beer production. Dried yeast serves as a source of protein and VITAMIN B COMPLEX.Estrogens, Non-Steroidal: Non-steroidal compounds with estrogenic activity.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Hypercholesterolemia: A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.Macaca fascicularis: A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.DNA, Fungal: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of fungi.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Postmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Protein HydrolysatesFood Handling: Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Schizosaccharomyces: A genus of ascomycetous fungi of the family Schizosaccharomycetaceae, order Schizosaccharomycetales.Milk Hypersensitivity: Allergic reaction to milk (usually cow's milk) or milk products. MILK HYPERSENSITIVITY should be differentiated from LACTOSE INTOLERANCE, an intolerance to milk as a result of congenital deficiency of lactase.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Cholesterol, LDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Amino Acids: Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.GlobulinsSaccharomycetales: An order of fungi in the phylum Ascomycota that multiply by budding. They include the telomorphic ascomycetous yeasts which are found in a very wide range of habitats.Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Anticholesteremic Agents: Substances used to lower plasma CHOLESTEROL levels.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Soybean Oil: Oil from soybean or soybean plant.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Seed Storage Proteins: One or more types of plant seed proteins providing the large amounts of AMINO ACIDS utilized in GERMINATION and SEEDLING growth. As seeds are the major food source from AGRICULTURAL CROPS, seed storage proteins are a major source of DIETARY PROTEINS.Somatotrophs: Anterior pituitary cells which produce GROWTH HORMONE.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Pterocarpans: A group of compounds which can be described as benzo-pyrano-furano-benzenes which can be formed from ISOFLAVONES by internal coupling of the B ring to the 4-ketone position. Members include medicarpin, phaseolin, and pisatin which are found in FABACEAE.Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins: Proteins obtained from the species Schizosaccharomyces pombe. The function of specific proteins from this organism are the subject of intense scientific interest and have been used to derive basic understanding of the functioning similar proteins in higher eukaryotes.Two-Hybrid System Techniques: Screening techniques first developed in yeast to identify genes encoding interacting proteins. Variations are used to evaluate interplay between proteins and other molecules. Two-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for protein-protein interactions, one-hybrid for DNA-protein interactions, three-hybrid interactions for RNA-protein interactions or ligand-based interactions. Reverse n-hybrid techniques refer to analysis for mutations or other small molecules that dissociate known interactions.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.RNA, Fungal: Ribonucleic acid in fungi having regulatory and catalytic roles as well as involvement in protein synthesis.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Infant Food: Food processed and manufactured for the nutritional health of children in their first year of life.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Fish Products: Food products manufactured from fish (e.g., FISH FLOUR, fish meal).Cholesterol, HDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.Lipoproteins: Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Fagopyrum: A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).Sequence Homology, Amino Acid: The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Chromosomes, Artificial, Yeast: Chromosomes in which fragments of exogenous DNA ranging in length up to several hundred kilobase pairs have been cloned into yeast through ligation to vector sequences. These artificial chromosomes are used extensively in molecular biology for the construction of comprehensive genomic libraries of higher organisms.TriglyceridesPhytosterols: A class of organic compounds known as STEROLS or STEROIDS derived from plants.Food Hypersensitivity: Gastrointestinal disturbances, skin eruptions, or shock due to allergic reactions to allergens in food.Genome, Fungal: The complete gene complement contained in a set of chromosomes in a fungus.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Polycystic Kidney Diseases: Hereditary diseases that are characterized by the progressive expansion of a large number of tightly packed CYSTS within the KIDNEYS. They include diseases with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Chromosomes, Fungal: Structures within the nucleus of fungal cells consisting of or containing DNA, which carry genetic information essential to the cell.Egg White: The white of an egg, especially a chicken's egg, used in cooking. It contains albumin. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Double-Blind Method: A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors: TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS that are activated by ligands and heterodimerize with RETINOID X RECEPTORS and bind to peroxisome proliferator response elements in the promoter regions of target genes.Amino Acids, SulfurRNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Protein Binding: The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1: A sterol regulatory element binding protein that regulates expression of GENES involved in FATTY ACIDS metabolism and LIPOGENESIS. Two major isoforms of the protein exist due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Lactalbumin: A major protein fraction of milk obtained from the WHEY.Plasmids: Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.DNA-Binding Proteins: Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.Methionine: A sulfur-containing essential L-amino acid that is important in many body functions.Killer Factors, Yeast: Protein factors released from one species of YEAST that are selectively toxic to another species of yeast.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Iron: A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.Rats, Zucker: Two populations of Zucker rats have been cited in research--the "fatty" or obese and the lean. The "fatty" rat (Rattus norvegicus) appeared as a spontaneous mutant. The obese condition appears to be due to a single recessive gene.Saponins: A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Lipoprotein(a): A lipoprotein that resembles the LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS but with an extra protein moiety, APOPROTEIN (A) also known as APOLIPOPROTEIN (A), linked to APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100 on the LDL by one or two disulfide bonds. High plasma level of lipoprotein (a) is associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Apolipoproteins D: A glycoprotein component of HIGH-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS that transports small hydrophobic ligands including CHOLESTEROL and STEROLS. It occurs in the macromolecular complex with LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE. Apo D is expressed in and secreted from a variety of tissues such as liver, placenta, brain tissue and others.Diet, Atherogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and acceleration of ATHEROGENESIS.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Recombinant Fusion Proteins: Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Antigens, Plant: Substances found in PLANTS that have antigenic activity.Transcription, Genetic: The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.Gene Deletion: A genetic rearrangement through loss of segments of DNA or RNA, bringing sequences which are normally separated into close proximity. This deletion may be detected using cytogenetic techniques and can also be inferred from the phenotype, indicating a deletion at one specific locus.Gastrointestinal Transit: Passage of food (sometimes in the form of a test meal) through the gastrointestinal tract as measured in minutes or hours. The rate of passage through the intestine is an indicator of small bowel function.Culture Media: Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Ileum: The distal and narrowest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE, between the JEJUNUM and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE.Cell Cycle Proteins: Proteins that control the CELL DIVISION CYCLE. This family of proteins includes a wide variety of classes, including CYCLIN-DEPENDENT KINASES, mitogen-activated kinases, CYCLINS, and PHOSPHOPROTEIN PHOSPHATASES as well as their putative substrates such as chromatin-associated proteins, CYTOSKELETAL PROTEINS, and TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Sequence Alignment: The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Fatty Acid Synthases: Enzymes that catalyze the synthesis of FATTY ACIDS from acetyl-CoA and malonyl-CoA derivatives.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Mitochondria: Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Candida albicans: A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Vacuoles: Any spaces or cavities within a cell. They may function in digestion, storage, secretion, or excretion.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Receptors, LDL: Receptors on the plasma membrane of nonhepatic cells that specifically bind LDL. The receptors are localized in specialized regions called coated pits. Hypercholesteremia is caused by an allelic genetic defect of three types: 1, receptors do not bind to LDL; 2, there is reduced binding of LDL; and 3, there is normal binding but no internalization of LDL. In consequence, entry of cholesterol esters into the cell is impaired and the intracellular feedback by cholesterol on 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase is lacking.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Nuclear Proteins: Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Insulin: A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).Carrier Proteins: Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.Mesocricetus: A genus of the family Muridae having three species. The present domesticated strains were developed from individuals brought from Syria. They are widely used in biomedical research.Spores, Fungal: Reproductive bodies produced by fungi.Bile Acids and Salts: Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.Apolipoproteins: Protein components on the surface of LIPOPROTEINS. They form a layer surrounding the hydrophobic lipid core. There are several classes of apolipoproteins with each playing a different role in lipid transport and LIPID METABOLISM. These proteins are synthesized mainly in the LIVER and the INTESTINES.Mutagenesis: Process of generating a genetic MUTATION. It may occur spontaneously or be induced by MUTAGENS.Apolipoproteins B: Major structural proteins of triacylglycerol-rich LIPOPROTEINS. There are two forms, apolipoprotein B-100 and apolipoprotein B-48, both derived from a single gene. ApoB-100 expressed in the liver is found in low-density lipoproteins (LIPOPROTEINS, LDL; LIPOPROTEINS, VLDL). ApoB-48 expressed in the intestine is found in CHYLOMICRONS. They are important in the biosynthesis, transport, and metabolism of triacylglycerol-rich lipoproteins. Plasma Apo-B levels are high in atherosclerotic patients but non-detectable in ABETALIPOPROTEINEMIA.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA from acetyl-CoA and acetoacetyl-CoA. This is a key enzyme in steroid biosynthesis. This enzyme was formerly listed as EC 4.1.3.5.Membrane Proteins: Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.Gene Expression: The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Rhodotorula: A red yeast-like mitosporic fungal genus generally regarded as nonpathogenic. It is cultured from numerous sources in human patients.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Methylnitrosourea: A nitrosourea compound with alkylating, carcinogenic, and mutagenic properties.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.Apolipoprotein A-I: The most abundant protein component of HIGH DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS or HDL. This protein serves as an acceptor for CHOLESTEROL released from cells thus promoting efflux of cholesterol to HDL then to the LIVER for excretion from the body (reverse cholesterol transport). It also acts as a cofactor for LECITHIN CHOLESTEROL ACYLTRANSFERASE that forms CHOLESTEROL ESTERS on the HDL particles. Mutations of this gene APOA1 cause HDL deficiency, such as in FAMILIAL ALPHA LIPOPROTEIN DEFICIENCY DISEASE and in some patients with TANGIER DISEASE.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Kluyveromyces: An ascomycetous yeast of the fungal family Saccharomycetaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Gene Expression Regulation: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.Conserved Sequence: A sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that is similar across multiple species. A known set of conserved sequences is represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE. AMINO ACID MOTIFS are often composed of conserved sequences.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Gerbillinae: A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.Restriction Mapping: Use of restriction endonucleases to analyze and generate a physical map of genomes, genes, or other segments of DNA.Paraquat: A poisonous dipyridilium compound used as contact herbicide. Contact with concentrated solutions causes irritation of the skin, cracking and shedding of the nails, and delayed healing of cuts and wounds.Placebos: Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.Growth: Gradual increase in the number, the size, and the complexity of cells of an individual. Growth generally results in increase in ORGAN WEIGHT; BODY WEIGHT; and BODY HEIGHT.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Lipogenesis: De novo fat synthesis in the body. This includes the synthetic processes of FATTY ACIDS and subsequent TRIGLYCERIDES in the LIVER and the ADIPOSE TISSUE. Lipogenesis is regulated by numerous factors, including nutritional, hormonal, and genetic elements.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Kidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Adenosine Triphosphatases: A group of enzymes which catalyze the hydrolysis of ATP. The hydrolysis reaction is usually coupled with another function such as transporting Ca(2+) across a membrane. These enzymes may be dependent on Ca(2+), Mg(2+), anions, H+, or DNA.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Cell Nucleus: Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Mitosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division by means of which the two daughter nuclei normally receive identical complements of the number of CHROMOSOMES of the somatic cells of the species.Suppression, Genetic: Mutation process that restores the wild-type PHENOTYPE in an organism possessing a mutationally altered GENOTYPE. The second "suppressor" mutation may be on a different gene, on the same gene but located at a distance from the site of the primary mutation, or in extrachromosomal genes (EXTRACHROMOSOMAL INHERITANCE).Cholesterol, VLDL: Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to very low density lipoproteins (VLDL). High circulating levels of VLDL cholesterol are found in HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE IIB. The cholesterol on the VLDL is eventually delivered by LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS to the tissues after the catabolism of VLDL to INTERMEDIATE-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS, then to LDL.EstersMeiosis: A type of CELL NUCLEUS division, occurring during maturation of the GERM CELLS. Two successive cell nucleus divisions following a single chromosome duplication (S PHASE) result in daughter cells with half the number of CHROMOSOMES as the parent cells.Flour: Ground up seed of WHEAT.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Hyperlipidemias: Conditions with excess LIPIDS in the blood.Hormones: Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.Substrate Specificity: A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.

*Wheat allergy

... hydrolyzed vegetable protein, modified food starch, modified starch, natural flavoring, soy sauce, soy bean paste, hoisin sauce ... 2006). "Hydrolysed wheat proteins present in cosmetics can induce immediate hypersensitivities". Contact Derm. 54 (5): 283-9. ... and yeast. When 10 foods causing the most reactions were removed migraines fell precipitously, hypertension declined. Some ... Such hydrolyzed wheat protein is used as an additive in foods and cosmetics. The peptides are often 1 kD in size (9 amino acid ...

*Infant formula

Soy protein based formulas are frequently used for infants allergic to cow's milk or lactose. Soy-based formulas can also be ... lactose-free formulas nor specialized non-milk protein formulas or hydrolyzed protein formulas for infants with milk protein ... and formulas using protein hydrolysed into its component amino acids for infants who are allergic to other proteins. An upswing ... This is a process that protects against spoilage by eliminating bacteria, yeasts and molds. It involves quickly heating and ...
Save 50% Fitness Labs - Soy Protein Isolate Triple Isoflavones Unflavored & Unsweetened 1 Pound Soy Protein Isolate - Triple Isoflavone Unflavored & Unsweetened Contains Only Non-GMO SUPRO® Soy Protein 13g Protein 0.5g Carbs 0.5g Fat 60 Calories Non-GMO Dairy Free Cholesterol Free Vegetarian 40mg Isoflavones / Isoflavones and soy protein may play an important role in: Heart Health Bone Health Menopause Transition High-isoflavone soy protein with heart and bone benefits* Soy Protein Isolate - Triple Isoflavone provides a convenient way to add the benefits of isoflavone-rich soy protein to your diet. Guaranteed triple the isoflavones of regular soy. The soy blend combines Supro® brand soy ...
China Food Additive for Seasoner Flavor Enhancer Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp), Find details about China Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp), Food Hvp from Food Additive for Seasoner Flavor Enhancer Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp) - Chengdu Chelation Biology Technology Co., Ltd.
China Beef Flavor Baking Food Flavor Snack Food Flavor Enhance Food Additives Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp), Find details about China Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp), Food Hvp from Beef Flavor Baking Food Flavor Snack Food Flavor Enhance Food Additives Hydrolyzed Vegetable Protein (Hvp) - Chengdu Chelation Biology Technology Co., Ltd.
Vegetable Proteins by Beneo Animal Nutrition - Südzucker Group. Utilising the benefits of vegetable protein. Most animals require protein for a healthy nutrition. The use of high-grade sources of vegetable protein offers a whole range of benefits. Vi...
Best price in Australia on MLO Vegetable Protein, Natural - 16 oz from eVitamins.com. Find Vegetable Protein, Natural reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast and reliable shipping to the Australia. Vegetable Protein and other products by MLO for all your health needs.
Calories in Bio Sync Pure Protein Soya Protein Isolate. Find nutrition facts for Bio Sync Pure Protein Soya Protein Isolate and over 2,000,000 other foods in MyFitnessPal.coms food database.
The Louis Bonduelle Foundation has just published a new monograph on vegetable proteins. This scientific text responds to the following question: What if the future of humankind and the planet was tied to pulses, cereals, grains and nuts? Within the framework of COP21, the Louis Bonduelle Foundation re-asserts the importance of vegetable protein in human food, because of its great nutritional quality and its ecological and economic advantages, which are obvious but little known. To go further, this topic will also be the theme of the next Louis Bonduelle Foundation Meetings. The event will take place on 7 June in Paris. Extract: According to the projections of the United Nations (UN) experts, global food consumption will double in the next 20 years. With the challenge of feeding 9.1 billion people in 2050, nutritional, environmental and food safety concerns about the production of food are emerging globally. Proteins are essential nutrients in a balanced ...
Vegetable Protein list and information including what is Vegetable Protein, health benefits and usage indications. Find articles and product list for other top low-carb products, fat-burners, nutrition bars and shakes.
Vegetable Protein list and information including what is Vegetable Protein, health benefits and usage indications. Find articles and product list for other top low-carb products, fat-burners, nutrition bars and shakes.
This study aimed to develop soy protein concentrate (SPC) from soybean. SPC was produced using different concentration of acetic and citric acid (40, 50 and 60%), purpose of developing the concentrate and residue was to get value add products rich in protein and fiber. The experimental work was also carried out to determine the chemical compositions of whole soybean seed, defatted soybean, SPC and soy protein residue (SPR) by proximate analysis i.e. moisture, ash, fat, fiber and protein contents. Citric acid and acetic acid being edible acids were used to get highest protein content of soy protein concentrate and to see the maximum yield as well. High protein content of 87.49% was obtained from SPC with 60% citric acid concentration and high fiber content of 13.36% was obtained from SPR with ...
Increased consumption of vegetable protein was linked with prolonged survival among kidney disease patients in a new a study. The study, "Higher Intake of Vegetable Protein Is Associated with Lower All-Cause Mortality in Chronic Kidney Disease" (Abstract 4058), will be presented at ASN Kidney Week 2013 November 5 to 10 at the Georgia World Congress Center in Atlanta.. Due to poor kidney function, toxins that are normally excreted in the urine can build up in the blood of individuals with chronic kidney disease. Research shows that compared with animal protein, vegetable protein intake in patients is linked with lower production of such toxins. It is unclear whether consuming more vegetable protein prolongs CKD patients lives, however.. To investigate, a team led by Xiaorui Chen, from the University of Utah, studied 1,104 CKD patients in the1988-1994 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III and asked them about ...
Soy isoflavones are generally associated with the protein component of soy, meaning that soy products that have low or no protein, like soybean oil or soy sauce, have low levels, if any, of isoflavones.. Interestingly, that does not necessarily mean soy protein powders have sky high levels of isoflavones. In fact, soy protein concentrate is very low in isoflavone content {TW: Link includes specific numbers}, because it is extracted with alcohol. Most soy "products", like soy meat substitutes or soy protein bars, use soy protein concentrate. On the other hand, soy protein isolate uses a different extraction process that helps to retain more of the protein, so its isoflavone ...
Pulsin Soya Protein Isolate is a great source of protein for vegetarians and vegans. It contains high levels of protein and essential amino acids in each serving.
Free Online Library: An evaluation of heat on protein oxidation of soy protein isolate or soy protein isolate mixed with soybean oil in vitro and its consequences on redox status of broilers at early age.(Report) by Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences; Agricultural industry Biological sciences Amino acids Analysis Birds Broilers (Chickens) Food and nutrition Physiological aspects Broilers (Poultry) Oxidation-reduction reaction Oxidation-reduction reactions Soy protein Health aspects Usage Soybean products Superoxide Superoxides
Nitrites, which are potent carcinogens, are formed during spray-drying, and a toxin called lysinoalanine is formed during alkaline processing.. In feeding experiments, the use of SPI increased requirements for vitamins E, K, D and B12 and created deficiency symptoms of calcium, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, copper, iron and zinc. Phytic acid remaining in these soy products greatly inhibits zinc and iron absorption; test animals fed SPI develop enlarged organs, particularly the pancreas and thyroid gland, and increased deposition of fatty acids in the liver.. Yet soy protein isolate and textured vegetable protein (TVP) are used extensively in school lunch programs, commercial baked goods, diet beverages and fast food products. They are heavily promoted in third world countries and form the basis of many food give-away programs.. Soy Protein Isolate was once considered a waste product (before they ...
The bottom line?. Soy protein has positive effects on cardiovascular health in postmenopausal women. These health benefits may be, in part, attributed to its isoflavone content. For example, genistein, the major isoflavone in soy, has been shown to improve cardiovascular health by modulating lipid profile and improving endothelial function in postmenopausal women.. But these authors concluded, "1 year [of] soy protein supplementation did not confer cardiovascular benefits, in terms of favorable alterations in the lipid profile, in this cohort of postmenopausal women.". Last year, the same team at Florida State University reported the results of a similar study with the same conclusion: "One year soy protein supplementation does not confer cardiovascular benefits in postmenopausal women in terms of improving lipid profile.". The official position of the FDA issued in 1999 is that "Scientific ...
Vegetarian diets have been associated with a reduced risk of preventable diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. These effects may be mediated through direct or indirect pathways. Although the high intakes of nuts, legumes, dietary fibre, whole grains, and unsaturated plant oils have each individually been associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, so too has the displacement of red meats, processed meats, and saturated animal fats. One of the most important considerations in moving from animal-based diets to more plant-based diets is the replacement of animal proteins (e.g. meat, fish, dairy, eggs) with vegetable proteins (e.g. legumes, nuts, and seeds). It is unclear whether this particular replacement alone results in advantages for metabolic and cardiovascular health. To improve evidence-based guidance for dietary guidelines and health claims development, we propose to conduct a series of systematic reviews and ...
NOW Sports Soy Protein Isolate Powder - NOW Soy Protein is a good vegetable source of high quality complete protein that is very low in fat
Soy Protein Isolate supplier Soy Protein Flour Manufacturers High Protein Soya Powder Isolate India. Soy Protein supplement protein pharma nutrition protein
High-quality sources of protein for the formulation of feeds of carnivorous fish species such as Atlantic salmon are currently being sought. In an earlier screening trial we evaluated for the first time in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) the applicability of air-classified faba bean (Vicia faba) protein concentrate (BPC) inclusions in combination with soy protein concentrate (SPC) and fishmeal (FM) using parr as a model. Based on the results in parr in freshwater, the present study tested the hypothesis that BPC can effectively replace SPC and/or FM as a dietary protein source in post-smolt Atlantic salmon in seawater. The trial was designed to test nine different combinations of BPC, SPC and FM around the ideal mixture proportions modelled from data on parr (20% BPC, 46% SPC and 34% FM as percent of the total dietary protein). Somatic, physiological, biochemical and molecular parameters were assessed to ...
Holland and Barretts 90% Soya Protein Powder provides an excellent source of protein which contributes to the maintenance and growth of muscle mass, as well as the maintenance of normal bones. The type of protein used is in an instant form of soya protein isolate; not only is it highly nutritional and pleasant tasting, it also supplies essential amino acids. This all natural protein powder can be mixed with juice or milk to provide superior protein nutrition.
... Soy Peptides Report by Material, Application, and Geography - Global Forecast to - Market research report and industry analysis - 10689609
A study was conducted to determine the protective effects of two common dietary proteins, soy protein isolate (soy) and bovine whey, against chemically induced mammary tumors in female Sprague Dawley rats. Rats were fed AIN-93G diets having casein, soy, or whey as the sole protein source. Rats within the same dietary groups were mated to obtain the F1 and F2 generations. At age 50 days, F1 (experiment A) or F2 (experiment B) female offspring (≥19 rats/group) were p.o. gavaged with 80 mg/kg 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, and mammary glands were evaluated when 100% of the casein-fed group developed at least one palpatable tumor. Rats grew well on all three diets, but casein-fed rats gained slightly more body weight than soy- or whey-fed rats (P , 0.05). Vaginal opening occurred 1 day earlier in soy-fed rats than in casein- or whey-fed rats, but no other differences in ...
The evidence in the literature supporting the role of soy in the reduction of TPC and LDL-C is extensive.22 There are also experimental studies demonstrating the protection against atherosclerosis development by soy protein relative to animal proteins such as casein.23,24 Many studies have attempted to determine the components of soy protein responsible for its hypocholesterolemic effect, but at best only a partial answer has been found. The amino acid composition of soy has been thoroughly investigated for its effect on plasma lipids and its role in atherosclerosis prevention.25-30 Generally, vegetable protein amino acid reconstitutions were not as effective in lowering plasma cholesterol as the intact proteins, but animal protein amino acid reconstitutions induced a similar degree of hypercholesterolemia as the intact ...
Soy protein consumption significantly affected cardiovascular risk factors and kidney-related biomarkers among type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy.
Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists and Montana Microbial Products (MMP) of Butte, Mont., have developed a barley protein concentrate that could be fed to trout and other commercially produced fish.. Physiologist Rick Barrows at the ARS Small Grains and Potato Germplasm Research Unit in Aberdeen, Idaho, teamed with MMP to apply for a patent on a new enzymatic method that concentrates barley protein and produces raw material for another valuable commodity--ethanol. This process provides a high-protein ingredient that may replace other, more expensive protein sources like fishmeal and soy protein concentrate in commercial fish feed.. Currently there is no commercial production of barley protein concentrate, but MMP is producing small quantities for fish-feeding studies with trout, salmon and other species. MMP projects that the concentrate will sell for $700 to $1,200 per ton. Since ...
Bluebonnet Nutrition 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate Powder - Flavors Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate is sourced from grass-fed cows in New Zealand that are not treated with antibiotics or recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), also known as bovine somatotropin (BST). Additionally, whey protein has the highest biological value (BV) of any protein on the market, which refers to a protein that has all of the essential amino acids in adequate quantities to sustain growth and development. Thats why Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate uses high-quality, microfiltered whey protein isolate with important, naturally-occurring immunoglobulins, which help support the immune system. Whey is also a rich and natural source of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) and glutamic acid. Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate provides fast-acting ...
Bluebonnet Nutrition 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate Powder - Flavors Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate is sourced from grass-fed cows in New Zealand that are not treated with antibiotics or recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), also known as bovine somatotropin (BST). Additionally, whey protein has the highest biological value (BV) of any protein on the market, which refers to a protein that has all of the essential amino acids in adequate quantities to sustain growth and development. Thats why Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate uses high-quality, microfiltered whey protein isolate with important, naturally-occurring immunoglobulins, which help support the immune system. Whey is also a rich and natural source of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) and glutamic acid. Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate provides fast-acting ...
Save 3% Allmax Nutrition - IsoFlex Pure Whey Protein Isolate Birthday Cake 5 Pounds IsoFlex Pure Whey Protein Isolate 100 Percent Whey Protein Isolate 27g Protein 1g Sugars 120 Calories Truly Superior Protein Technology 100% Whey Protein Isolate Source Native & Intact, Non-Denatured Whey Protein Fractions No Gluten or Fat Lab Tested & Certified Isoflex: Truly Superior Protein Isoflex has taken WPI technology to a whole new level of measurable superiority. Isoflex is significantly lower in lactose, fat, sugar and carbs, compared to regular WPIs. If youre looking for the highest quality, most premium and fastest absorbing protein, then look no further than Isoflex; a truly superior whey protein isolate. In just about every way a protein can be, Isoflex is Truly Superior* Hybrid Ratio Isolate (HRI) -- Ion-Filtration Technology ...
This editorial summarizes the recent American Heart Association (AHA) Science Advisory on soy protein and isoflavones (phytoestrogens) published in the February 21, 2006, issue of Circulation.1 Soy protein and isoflavones have gained considerable attention for their potential role in improving risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This scientific advisory report assesses the more recent work published on soy protein and its component isoflavones. In 22 randomized trials, isolated soy protein with isoflavones compared with milk or other proteins decreased LDL cholesterol concentrations in most studies; the average effect was approximately 3%. This reduction is very small compared with the large amount of soy protein tested in these studies, averaging 50 g, approximately half the usual total daily protein ...
There are 90 calories in a 1/3 cup serving of Now Sports Soy Protein Isolate. Get full nutrition facts for other Now Sports products and all your other favorite brands.
Abalon , beta-conglycinin, bioactive peptides, bowman-birk inhibitor (BBI), calcium, conglycinin, coumestrol, daidzein, daizuga-cha (Japanese), dark soy sauce, dietary soy protein, edamame, equol, Fabaceae, Fibrim , fish oil, flavonoids, folate, fortified soymilk, frijol de soya, functional proteins, genistein, genistin, Glycine max, Glycine max AT, glycinin, greater bean, guar gum, haba soya, hydrolyzed soy protein, Hyprovit , iron, isoflavone, isoflavones, isoflavonoid, Isomil , kuromame-cha (Japanese), kuromame-cha Gold (Japanese), kuromame-soymilk drink (Japanese), lecithin, legume, lignans, magnesium, margarine, miso, Mull-Soy , natto, Nursoy , okara, phosphatidylserine, phosphorus, phytate, phytoestrogen, plant estrogen, potassium, Previna , ProSobee , PtdSer, Purina ...
In this single-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 350 postmenopausal women were randomized to either soy isoflavone or placebo groups and followed for 2.5 years. The soy isoflavone group received 25g soy protein containing 85mg soy isoflavones daily, and the placebo group received matched placebo. Generalized estimating equations with identity link function and exchangeable correlation structure were conducted to examine the treatment effects on anthropometric and metabolic parameters in total subjects or among subgroups defined by equol producer, time since menopause, age and ethnicity. The association between plasma isoflavone levels and changes in anthropometric and metabolic parameters were also examined.; The soy isoflavone group did not differ from the placebo group in mean change of LDL-cholesterol, glucose, total cholesterol, or anthropometric measurements. ...
Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate is sourced from grass-fed cows that are not treated with antibiotics or recombinant bovine growth hormone (rBGH), also known as bovine somatotropin (BST)†. Additionally, whey protein has the highest biological value (BV) of any protein on the market, which refers to a protein that has all of the essential amino acids in adequate quantities to sustain growth and development. Thats why Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate uses high-quality, microfiltered whey protein isolate with important, naturally-occurring immunoglobulins, which help support the immune system. Whey is also a rich and natural source of branched chain amino acids (BCAAs) and glutamic acid.. Bluebonnets 100% Natural Whey Protein Isolate provides fast-acting protein meaning its amino acids are easily and readily available to the body for immediate use - an ...
A dog is a meat lover (carnivore) by nature and therefore prefers animal proteins in its diet. Animal proteins are tastier, easier to digest and especially biologically more valuable than vegetable proteins. Your dog will absorb all essential amino acids faster from animal proteins than from vegetable proteins. That is why at least 65% of the proteins present in Opti Life food are of animal origin.. There is currently a lot of research into alternatives for wheat and maize as sources of carbohydrates. These ingredients sometimes cause food intolerances or skin problems. A high-quality alternative is rice, which is easily digestible, significantly reduces the risk of food intolerances and it is also a natural source of antioxidants. Opti Life food therefore contains no maize or wheat but rice.. And also the sensitive dog can lead a life full of vitality with Opti Life. The use of mainly one source of animal ...
Most traditional soy products, such as soymilk, tofu, miso, and tempeh, are rich sources of isoflavones (providing about 30 to 40 milligrams per serving). But not all soy products are created equal: The way each soy product is prepared will affect soy isoflavone content accordingly. While the amount of soy required to exert health benefits has not yet been determined, it is clear that the health benefits associated with this versatile food may prove to be significant. Products derived from soybeans are varied in form, taste and texture, and include miso, soymilk, tempeh, tofu, soy sauce, soy cheese, soy flakes, soy grits, soy flour, texturized vegetable protein, among others. Soy flour: See Soy flour. Soy sauce: ...
BLACK BEANS (BLACK BEANS, WATER, SALT, SUGAR, CALCIUM CHLORIDE, FERROUS GLUCONATE), COOKED BROWN RICE (WATER, BROWN RICE), ROASTED ONIONS, TEXTURED SOY PROTEIN CONCENTRATE WITH WATER, TEXTURED WHEAT GLUTEN WITH WATER, ROASTED GREEN AND RED PEPPERS, ROASTED CORN, TOMATOES (DICED TOMATOES, TOMATO JUICE, SALT, CITRIC ACID, CALCIUM CHLORIDE), CORN OIL, EGG WHITES, BULGUR WHEAT, GREEN CHILIES (GREEN CHILIES, SALT, CITRIC ACID, CALCIUM CHLORIDE), CALCIUM CASEINATE, CORNSTARCH, ONION POWDER, SPICES, CILANTRO, CHIPOTLE PUREE (CHIPOTLE PEPPERS, WATER, SALT, VINEGAR), YEAST EXTRACT, DEXTROSE, GARLIC, SALT, HYDROLYZED VEGETABLE PROTEIN (CORN GLUTEN, WHEAT GLUTEN, SOY PROTEIN), SOY SAUCE (SOYBEANS, WHEAT, SALT), ARTIFICIAL AND NATURAL FLAVORS, VINEGAR, PAPRIKA, GREEN PEPPER JUICE, JALAPEÑO PEPPERS, GARLIC JUICE, LIME JUICE, DISODIUM INOSINATE, CARAMEL ...
We hypothesize that soy protein will have a beneficial effect on bone in older women compared to control protein. Further, we hypothesize that there will be an additional benefit to bone in women who receive soy protein plus isoflavones (at both doses) compared to soy protein alone.. Both control and soy proteins used in the study were isolates, meaning they were the highest concentration of protein (85-90% by weight) in order to minimize the volume of protein supplement that each woman was asked to ingest on a daily basis. The soy protein was an alcohol-washed, soy protein isolate containing 90% protein and negligible isoflavone (0.2 mg/g product). The control protein was a mix consisting of 50% protein ...
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