Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Palaeognathae: A superorder of large, mostly flightless birds, named for their distinctive PALATE morphology. It includes the orders Apterygiformes, Casuriiformes, Dinornithiformes, RHEIFORMES; STRUTHIONIFORMES and Tinamiformes.Nuclear Physics: The study of the characteristics, behavior, and internal structures of the atomic nucleus and its interactions with other nuclei. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Health Physics: The science concerned with problems of radiation protection relevant to reducing or preventing radiation exposure, and the effects of ionizing radiation on humans and their environment.Physical Phenomena: The entities of matter and energy, and the processes, principles, properties, and relationships describing their nature and interactions.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Microfluidic Analytical Techniques: Methods utilizing the principles of MICROFLUIDICS for sample handling, reagent mixing, and separation and detection of specific components in fluids.Tsuga: A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. They are coniferous evergreen trees and should not be confused with hemlock plants (CICUTA and CONIUM).Microfluidics: The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.Rheology: The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Dimethylpolysiloxanes: Silicone polymers which consist of silicon atoms substituted with methyl groups and linked by oxygen atoms. They comprise a series of biocompatible materials used as liquids, gels or solids; as film for artificial membranes, gels for implants, and liquids for drug vehicles; and as antifoaming agents.Viscosity: The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Single-Cell Analysis: Assaying the products of or monitoring various biochemical processes and reactions in an individual cell.Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.Arsenites: Inorganic salts or organic esters of arsenious acid.Lab-On-A-Chip Devices: Microdevices that combine microfluidics technology with electrical and/or mechanical functions for analyzing very small fluid volumes. They consist of microchannels etched into substrates made of silicon, glass, or polymer using processes similar to photolithography. The test fluids in the channels can then interact with different elements such as electrodes, photodetectors, chemical sensors, pumps, and valves.Beauty: Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.Beauty CultureHumidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Transposases: Enzymes that recombine DNA segments by a process which involves the formation of a synapse between two DNA helices, the cleavage of single strands from each DNA helix and the ligation of a DNA strand from one DNA helix to the other. The resulting DNA structure is called a Holliday junction which can be resolved by DNA REPLICATION or by HOLLIDAY JUNCTION RESOLVASES.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Commerce: The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)Electrophoresis, Microchip: A highly miniaturized version of ELECTROPHORESIS performed in a microfluidic device.Microchip Analytical Procedures: The preparation and analysis of samples on miniaturized devices.Freeze Etching: A replica technique in which cells are frozen to a very low temperature and cracked with a knife blade to expose the interior surfaces of the cells or cell membranes. The cracked cell surfaces are then freeze-dried to expose their constituents. The surfaces are now ready for shadowing to be viewed using an electron microscope. This method differs from freeze-fracturing in that no cryoprotectant is used and, thus, allows for the sublimation of water during the freeze-drying process to etch the surfaces.Electroosmosis: The motion of a liquid through a membrane (or plug or capillary) consequent upon the application of an electric field across the membrane. (Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Solar Energy: Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Photochemical Processes: Chemical reactions effected by light.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.PhotochemistryConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Semiconductors: Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.Gene Transfer Techniques: The introduction of functional (usually cloned) GENES into cells. A variety of techniques and naturally occurring processes are used for the gene transfer such as cell hybridization, LIPOSOMES or microcell-mediated gene transfer, ELECTROPORATION, chromosome-mediated gene transfer, TRANSFECTION, and GENETIC TRANSDUCTION. Gene transfer may result in genetically transformed cells and individual organisms.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Small Molecule Libraries: Large collections of small molecules (molecular weight about 600 or less), of similar or diverse nature which are used for high-throughput screening analysis of the gene function, protein interaction, cellular processing, biochemical pathways, or other chemical interactions.Hepatitis B virus: The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.Genetic Therapy: Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.Liver Diseases: Pathological processes of the LIVER.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Syringomyelia: Longitudinal cavities in the spinal cord, most often in the cervical region, which may extend for multiple spinal levels. The cavities are lined by dense, gliogenous tissue and may be associated with SPINAL CORD NEOPLASMS; spinal cord traumatic injuries; and vascular malformations. Syringomyelia is marked clinically by pain and PARESTHESIA, muscular atrophy of the hands, and analgesia with thermoanesthesia of the hands and arms, but with the tactile sense preserved (sensory dissociation). Lower extremity spasticity and incontinence may also develop. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1269)Neurosurgery: A surgical specialty concerned with the treatment of diseases and disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral and sympathetic nervous system.Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Arnold-Chiari Malformation: A group of congenital malformations involving the brainstem, cerebellum, upper spinal cord, and surrounding bony structures. Type II is the most common, and features compression of the medulla and cerebellar tonsils into the upper cervical spinal canal and an associated MENINGOMYELOCELE. Type I features similar, but less severe malformations and is without an associated meningomyelocele. Type III has the features of type II with an additional herniation of the entire cerebellum through the bony defect involving the foramen magnum, forming an ENCEPHALOCELE. Type IV is a form a cerebellar hypoplasia. Clinical manifestations of types I-III include TORTICOLLIS; opisthotonus; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; VOCAL CORD PARALYSIS; APNEA; NYSTAGMUS, CONGENITAL; swallowing difficulties; and ATAXIA. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p261; Davis, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, pp236-46)Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
Hydrodynamic model[edit]. Transport through pores - in the simplest case - is done convectively. This requires the size of the ... the hydrodynamic model.. In real membranes, these two transport mechanisms certainly occur side by side, especially during ...
Hydrodynamic traps[edit]. Hydrodynamic traps are a far less common type of trap.[13] They are caused by the differences in ... the stratigraphic trap and the far less common hydrodynamic trap.[9] The trapping mechanisms for many petroleum reservoirs have ...
Hydrodynamic pilot wave analogs[edit]. Hydrodynamic analogs have been developed that can recreate various aspects of quantum ... Hydrodynamic analog[edit]. *"Single-particle interference observed for macroscopic objects". *Pilot-Wave Hydrodynamics: ... Behaviors mimicked via this hydrodynamic pilot-wave system include quantum single particle diffraction,[55] tunneling, ... no hydrodynamic analog of entanglement has been developed.[52] Nevertheless, optical analogs are possible.[56] ...
Hydrodynamic methodsEdit. To a first approximation, the basis for determination of molecular mass according to Mark-Houwink ... Specifically, the hydrodynamic size as related to molecular mass depends on a conversion factor, describing the shape of a ... This allows the apparent molecular mass to be described from a range of techniques sensitive to hydrodynamic effects, including ... The apparent hydrodynamic size can then be used to approximate molecular mass using a series of macromolecule-specific ...
Hydrodynamic cavitationEdit. Hydrodynamic cavitation describes the process of vaporisation, bubble generation and bubble ... For hydrodynamic cavitation in the ethanol field, visit [2] and Ethanol Producer Magazine: "Tiny Bubbles to Make You Happy" [3] ... Hydrodynamic cavitation can be produced by passing a liquid through a constricted channel at a specific flow velocity or by ... Hydrodynamic cavitation can also improve some industrial processes. For instance, cavitated corn slurry shows higher yields in ...
Hydrodynamic Lubrication. ...
Hydrodynamic observations; Hermatypic corals; Marine molluscs; Echindoderms; Fishes; Barnacles; and Decapod crustaceans.. ...
Drazin, P. G., & Reid, W. H. (2004). Hydrodynamic stability. Cambridge university press. Squire, H. B. (1933). On the stability ...
Hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability. Courier Corporation, 2013. Rayleigh, Lord. "On the stability or instability of ... Taylor's paper became a cornerstone in the development of hydrodynamic stability theory and demonstrated that the no-slip ... Drazin, Philip G.; Reid, William Hill (2004). Hydrodynamic Stability. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-52541-1. ... which is an important contribution by Floris Takens and David Ruelle towards understanding how hydrodynamic systems transition ...
Hydraulic clutch: The driving and driven members are not in physical contact; coupling is hydrodynamic. Electromagnetic clutch ...
Hydrodynamic theory (dentistry) • Hyperdontia • Hypocone • Hypodontia • Hypoglossia • Hypsodont • I.P. Dental College • Ian ...
I. Hydrodynamic Simulation". Astrophysical Journal. 667: 448-475. arXiv:astro-ph/0611315 . Bibcode:2007ApJ...667..448M. doi: ...
This was followed by sustained work on hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability from 1950 to 1961. In the 1960s, he studied the ... ISBN 0-226-10084-7. Chandrasekhar, S. (1981) [1961]. Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic Stability. New York: Dover. ISBN 0-486- ... Chandrasekhar, S. (1989). Selected Papers, Vol 4, Plasma Physics, Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic stability, and applications of ... hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability, turbulence, equilibrium and the stability of ellipsoidal figures of equilibrium, ...
Currently several other methods are used for hydrodynamic testing. Lanthanum-140 has a short half-life of some 41 hours, and is ... "Nuclear Weapon Hydrodynamic Testing". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 22 March 2013. Landau, Saul (2004). The business of America ...
A comparison hydrodynamic study). Georg Wüst: Neuere Auffassungen über das Wesen des Golfstromsystems und die Benennung seiner ... A hydrodynamic study). Georg Wüst: Der Golfstrom. In: Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde. 1930, p. 42-59 (The Gulf ...
Hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability, Chandrasekhar, Subrahmanyan; International Series of Monographs on Physics, Oxford: ... Toroidal and poloidal Chandrasekhar-Kendall function Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1961). Hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic ...
"Hydrodynamic stability without eigenvalues" with Anne Trefethen, Satish Reddy, and Tobin Driscoll "Pseudospectra of linear ... "Hydrodynamic Stability Without Eigenvalues". Science. 261 (5121): 578-584. doi:10.1126/science.261.5121.578. PMID 17758167. ...
163-186, doi:10.1017/s0022112082001840 by Asok K. Sen, Stephen H. Davis Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1982). Hydrodynamic and ... Hydromagnetic Stability (Dover). ISBN 0-486-64071-X P.G. Drazin and W.H. Reid (2004). Hydrodynamic Stability, second edition ( ... ", "Bénard convection", or "Rayleigh convection". Hydrodynamic stability Marangoni effect Natural convection Giant's Causeway ...
WBM Oceanics Australia (2002). "Chapter 3.9 Hydrodynamic Environment" (PDF). Moreton Bay Sand Extraction Study Phase 1 Final ...
Alfvén first proposed the existence of an electromagnetic-hydrodynamic wave in 1942 in journal Nature. He claimed the sun had ... Hannes Alfvén, Existence of Electromagnetic-Hydrodynamic Waves, Beneath the sun's photosphere lies the convection zone. The ... Thus a kind of combined electromagnetic-hydrodynamic wave is produced. - ... "Magneto-Hydrodynamic Waves in Liquid Sodium", Physical Review, 94 (4): 815-824, Bibcode:1954PhRv...94..815L, doi:10.1103/ ...
"The radiation-hydrodynamic ICF3D code". Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 187: 181-200. Bibcode:2000CMAME. ...
WBM Oceanics Australia (2002). "Chapter 3.9 Hydrodynamic Environment" (PDF). Moreton Bay Sand Extraction Study Phase 1 Final ...
Alfvén, Hannes (1942). "On the Existence of Electromagnetic-Hydrodynamic Waves". Arkiv för matematik, astronomi och fysik. 29B( ... Alfvén wave Induction equation Alfvén, Hannes (1942). "Existence of electromagnetic-hydrodynamic waves". Nature. 150: 405. doi: ...
... hydrodynamic and hydrostatic); High temperature bearings; Vacuum operational equipment (custom designed); Double rotor system ...
Helioseismology and hydrodynamic numerical models; Study of coronal plasma processes by means of radio astronomy; Operation of ...
Hydrodynamic and hydromagnetic stability, Dover, ISBN 0-486-64071-X Charru, F. (2011), Hydrodynamic instabilities, Cambridge ... Introduction to hydrodynamic stability See Chandrasekhar (1961) "Hydrodynamic and Hydromagnetic stability" See V.Shankar - ... The study of hydrodynamic stability aims to find out if a given flow is stable or unstable, and if so, how these instabilities ... In fluid dynamics, hydrodynamic stability is the field which analyses the stability and the onset of instability of fluid flows ...
"Hydrodynamic" refers to the motion of water against an object that causes a force to be exerted upon it. A hydrodynamic ... showing the possible significance of hydrodynamic detection to these seals. Hydrodynamic stimuli also function in exploration ... Systems that detect hydrodynamic stimuli are also used for sensing other stimuli. For example, sensory hairs are also used for ... A frequent hydrodynamic stimulus is a wake, consisting of eddies and vortices that an organism leaves behind as it swims, ...
Hydrodynamic tradeoff considerations for high rotor tip speeds are discussed.Quantitative design techniques are ... This paper presents an analysis of the hydrodynamic considerations in the design of water dynamometers, with particular ... Hydrodynamic Considerations In Water Dynamometer Design 710217. This paper presents an analysis of the hydrodynamic ... Hydrodynamic tradeoff considerations for high rotor tip speeds are discussed.. Quantitative design techniques are presented to ...
To answer these questions one requires a hydrodynamic model that connects the solution behavior to the structural coordinates. ... Hydrodynamic Models. Does the quaternary structure implied by crystal packing of a macromolecule exist in solution? Which one(s ... The earliest hydrodynamic models were ellipsoids of revolution, as shown in the image to the right of the atomic model. From ... The advantage of the convex hull hydrodynamic method is speed of calculation: it may be used to quickly predict properties of ...
A hydrodynamic shock simulator for providing an underwater explosive shock nvironment for a sonar transducer under test. The ... 1, a hydrodynamic shock simulator 10 comprises a tank 12 which houses a piston 14 at one end 16 of tank 12 and a pressure wave ... 1. A hydrodynamic shock simulator for generating pressure waves which comprises: 2. The simulator of claim 1 wherein said ... A hydrodynamic shock simulator for providing an underwater explosive shock nvironment for a sonar transducer under test. The ...
Ultra-fast hydrodynamic communication between cells emerges in colonies of Spirostomum ambiguum through the generation of long- ... 7 Collective hydrodynamic signalling.. a, Example of a configuration of organisms A-O. The first cell to contract is A (blue), ... 9 Mixing of toxins during a hydrodynamic trigger wave.. Simulated for n = 123 organisms in an approximately 1-cm-diameter ... Collective intercellular communication through ultra-fast hydrodynamic trigger waves. *Arnold J. T. M. Mathijssen1. , ...
Synopsis: Hydrodynamic Cloaks. August 13, 2019. Two separate groups have designed structures that can hide objects from fluid ... For their passive hydrodynamic cloak, a team of researchers from Zhejiang University and Xiamen University in China had a ... Hydrodynamic Metamaterial Cloak for Drag-Free Flow. Juhyuk Park, Jae Ryoun Youn, and Young Seok Song ... Hydrodynamic Metamaterial Cloak for Drag-Free Flow. Juhyuk Park, Jae Ryoun Youn, and Young Seok Song ...
Design and hydrodynamic evaluation of a novel pulsatile bioreactor for biologically active heart valves. Ann. Biomed. Eng. 32: ... Pulse duplicator hydrodynamic testing of bioengineered biological heart valves. Cardiovasc. Eng. Technol. 7:352-362, 2016. ... The system was validated by testing hydrodynamic conditions with a bioprosthesis and by operating with cell culture medium for ... capable of conditioning living valves with a range of hydrodynamic conditions as well as capable of assessing hydrodynamic ...
Here, we present hydrodynamic calculations on denatured protein chains with N) 16 to 104 residues. Chain conformations were ... denatured protein chain hydrodynamic data stokes radius end-to-end distance intrinsic viscosity interior residue denatured ... protein effective bond length beff mean square r2 excluded-volume effect hydrodynamic calculation experimental intrinsic ...
M. G. Ancona, "Hydrodynamic Models of Semiconductor Electron Transport at High Fields," VLSI Design, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 101-114 ... Hydrodynamic Models of Semiconductor Electron Transport at High Fields. M. G. Ancona1,2 ...
... Simulating Complex Systems. Coast Survey develops and tests hydrodynamic modeling applications for use in ... The ADCIRC coastal hydrodynamic model simulates tides in regional applications, and these modeled water levels are subsequently ... Coast Survey has applied the community-based hydrodynamic model ADCIRC to the prediction of storm surge and tides during ... operational coastal 3-D hydrodynamic models around the U.S. coastline for more than 15 years. These oceanographic prediction ...
Hydro-Dynamic Ultimate Moisture locks optimal moisture levels in the skin for up to 8 hours.* This super-hydrating formula is ...
The main purpose is to show the influence of the cross-sectional shape of the reservoir in the hydrodynamic responses. Results ... p>Solutions are presented for modal analysis of hydrodynamic pressures generated by the three translational seismic components ... Hydrodynamic Pressure in Semicylindrical Reservoir by Francisco J. Sanchez-Sesma, Grad. Research Asst.; Instituto de Ingenieria ... The main purpose is to show the influence of the cross-sectional shape of the reservoir in the hydrodynamic responses. Results ...
On the hydrodynamic analysis of macromolecular conformation. Biophys Chem. 1995;55:69-93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Hydrodynamic properties of bovine serum albumin monomer and dimer. Biochem (N Y). 1968;7:4261-72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The conformation of serum albumin in solution: a combined phosphorescence depolarization-hydrodynamic modeling study. Biophys J ...
Although in modern times, bulbous bows have become an integral part of commercial ships, the hydrodynamic design of bulbous ...
The extrasolar planet is stable under the hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen. The rate of hydrogen hydrodynamic escape from other ... Simulation shows that through hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen, a planet at the orbit of Mercury (0.4 AU) and with 0.5 Uranus ... A numerical model is developed to study the hydrodynamic escape of neutral gas from planetary atmospheres by solving the time- ... Transonic steady state solutions of the time-independent hydrodynamic equations are difficult to find because of the existence ...
The stability of hydrodynamic particle positioning was evaluated by measuring the pulse heights distributions of fluorescence ... Our results indicate that the performances of both variants of hydrodynamic focusing suit for blood cell differentiation and ... The microfluidic chips exploit fully integrated hydrodynamic focusing based on two different concepts: Two-stage cascade ... determined for the micro-device exploiting cascade hydrodynamic focusing. For the spin focusing approach similar values were ...
hydrodynamic (adj.). derived from the force or motion of fluid, 1815, from hydro- + dynamic (adj.). Related: Hydrodynamics ( ...
A coupled hydrodynamic model of the cardiovascular and cerebrospinal fluid system.. Martin BA1, Reymond P, Novy J, Balédent O, ...
High bulk hydrodynamic resistance is optionally utilized to regulate the effects of spontaneous injection and/or dispersion. ... Induced high hydrodynamic resistance in conjunction with induced low electrical resistance are optionally utilized to provide ... Methods and devices for inducing high bulk hydrodynamic resistance and/or for inducing low electrical resistance in microscale ... any molecule with a hydrodynamic radius that provides high bulk hydrodynamic resistance to a solution, but which permits ...
In order to translate the hydrodynamic gene delivery to human use, it is demanding the standardization of the procedure ... Hydrodynamic gene delivery has proven to be a safe and efficient procedure for gene transfer, able to mediate, in murine model ... Keywords: hydrodynamic; gene therapy; non-viral; translational hydrodynamic; gene therapy; non-viral; translational ... Translational Advances of Hydrofection by Hydrodynamic Injection. Luis Sendra 1,2. , María José Herrero 1,2,* and Salvador F. ...
Calibration of a One Dimensional Hydrodynamic Simulator with Monte Carlo Data. O. Muscato,1 S. Rinaudo,2 and P. Falsaperla1 ... O. Muscato, S. Rinaudo, and P. Falsaperla, "Calibration of a One Dimensional Hydrodynamic Simulator with Monte Carlo Data," ...
Finally, we introduce a hydrodynamic description of flocking based on the C-S Vlasov-type kinetic model and prove flocking ... From particle to kinetic and hydrodynamic descriptions of flocking. Seung-Yeal Ha 1, and Eitan Tadmor 2, ... Keywords: hydrodynamic formulation., moments, flocking, particles, kinetic formulation. Mathematics Subject Classification: ... Finally, we introduce a hydrodynamic description of flocking based on the C-S Vlasov-type kinetic model and prove flocking ...
We consider a simplified version of Ericksen-Leslie equation modeling the compressible hydrodynamic flow of nematic liquid ... Compressible hydrodynamic flow of liquid crystals in 1-D. Shijin Ding 1, , Junyu Lin 2, , Changyou Wang 3, and Huanyao Wen 4, ... Keywords: Nematic liquid crystals, compressible hydrodynamic flow, classical and strong solutions.. Mathematics Subject ... Compressible hydrodynamic flow of liquid crystals in 1-D. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (2) : 539-563. ...
... the role of non-hydrodynamic degrees of freedom. A synoptic view on all the existing complementary methods will be very helpful ... Hydrodynamic Fluctuations in Soft-Matter Simulations. Monash University Prato Centre, Italy, see http://www.ita.monash.edu/. * ...
  • The internal structure of aerobic granules has a significant impact on the hydrodynamic performance and mass transfer process, and severely affects the efficiency and stability of granules-based reactors for wastewater treatment. (dtu.dk)
  • A possible jump of a shear stress at the fluid-membrane interface, its impact on the hydrodynamic permeability is also investigated. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • 5 . The method of claim 4 , wherein the regulated bulk hydrodynamic resistance thereby regulates dispersion during fluid flow in the at least one microscale cavity. (google.co.uk)
  • We have studied hydrodynamic dispersion in plastic bead packs using the pulsed field gradient (PFG) NMR technique. (umass.edu)
  • Here we present a process combining hydrodynamic alignment with a dispersion-gel transition that produces homogeneous and smooth filaments from a low-concentration dispersion of cellulose nanofibrils in water. (diva-portal.org)
  • Bioluminescent response of individual dinoflagellate cells to hydrodynamic stress measured with millisecond resolution in a microfluidic device. (nature.com)
  • providing at least one microscale cavity in the microfluidic device comprising at least one bulk viscosity enhancer disposed therein, wherein the at least one bulk viscosity enhancer effects an increase in bulk hydrodynamic resistance within the at least one microscale cavity, thereby inducing high bulk hydrodynamic resistance in the microfluidic device. (google.co.uk)
  • 4 . The method of claim 1 , wherein the bulk hydrodynamic resistance in the at least one microscale cavity in the microfluidic device is regulated by varying or selecting a concentration of the at least one bulk viscosity enhancer disposed therein, by varying or selecting a temperature within the at least one microscale cavity, or both. (google.co.uk)
  • providing at least one electrolyte disposed in the at least one microscale cavity, wherein diffusive mobility of the at least one electrolyte is substantially unaffected by the increase in bulk hydrodynamic resistance within the at least one microscale cavity, thereby inducing low electrical resistance in the microfluidic device. (google.co.uk)
  • Generating and measuring a complex hydrodynamic stimulus can also be difficult. (wikipedia.org)
  • This combined population genetic and modelling approach suggests that the complex hydrodynamic environment at the entrance to Strangford Lough can facilitate dispersal on a scale exceeding that proposed for L. digitata in particular, and the majority of macroalgae in general. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Bacterial adherence is instrumental for the successful establishment of sessile bacterial communities on mammalian tissue surfaces, notably on surfaces subjected to hydrodynamic flow (HDF) shear forces such as the urinary tract. (asm.org)
  • The increased contact area during deformation was likely responsible for the hydrodynamic threshold observed in the primary collision efficiency since no increase in primary collision lifetime was detected as shear forces were increased (for either surface coating). (upenn.edu)
  • The deduced theoretical results can be applied for the investigation of the hydrodynamic permeability of colloidal cake layers on the membrane surface, the hydrodynamic permeability of woven materials. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • High bulk hydrodynamic resistance is optionally utilized to regulate the effects of spontaneous injection. (google.co.uk)
  • 6 . The method of claim 4 , wherein the regulated bulk hydrodynamic resistance thereby regulates spontaneous injection into the at least one microscale cavity. (google.co.uk)
  • HGD generated hydrodynamic pressure by rapid injection of large doses of DNA liquid into the incompressible blood in circulation, which then permeated the parenchymal cells to allow DNA entry. (frontiersin.org)
  • A mouse model of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection produced by hydrodynamic injection of HBV DNA has been recently established. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Here, we describe an SB transposon-based approach to induce HCC in mice by expressing a hyperactive form of N-RAS, N-RAS G12V , while silencing the endogenous Trp53 gene via hydrodynamic tail vein injection, a method to rapidly deliver naked plasmids to mouse liver. (springer.com)
  • To answer these questions one requires a hydrodynamic model that connects the solution behavior to the structural coordinates. (biophysics.org)
  • Finally, we introduce a hydrodynamic description of flocking based on the C-S Vlasov-type kinetic model and prove flocking behavior without closure of higher moments. (aimsciences.org)
  • Asymptotic behavior of solutions to the bipolar hydrodynamic model of semiconductors in bounded domain. (aimsciences.org)
  • Large time behavior and quasineutral limit of solutions to a bipolar hydrodynamic model with large data and vacuum. (aimsciences.org)
  • We formulated a hydrodynamic model in order to describe the dynamical behavior of the π- electrons in single carbon nanotube shells of arbitrary chirality, either metallic or semiconducting, below terahertz frequencies, as long as only intraband transitions of the π- electrons are allowed. (spie.org)
  • The fluid flow behavior, such as the velocity profiles, the pathlines and hence the hydrodynamic drag force, exerted on the granule in a Newtonian fluid, was studied by varying the Reynolds number. (dtu.dk)
  • This important result has been obtained from combining SAXS and XPCS measurements of H(q), and of the static structure factor S(q), for aqueous suspensions of fluorinated latex spheres, with dynamic computer simulations and predictions of a modified hydrodynamic many-body theory. (esrf.eu)
  • In particular, the behaviour of H(q) for deionised dense suspensions can be explained by many-body HI effects, without the need to conjecture hydrodynamic screening. (esrf.eu)
  • This study reports on 6 years of performance monitoring of stormwater hydrodynamic separators in Korean urban catchments. (environmental-expert.com)
  • One hundred and thirty-seven storm events were monitored in four hydrodynamic separators of two different types from 2006 to 2012. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Mean values of the event average removal efficiencies of total suspended solids (TSS) for the four hydrodynamic separators were 43.69, 8.54, 42.84, and 14.35% with corresponding mean values of the event average surface overflow rates of 28.62, 40.07, 16.02, and 38.81 m/h, respectively. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 1.1 This test method concerns measurement of the efficiency of hydrodynamic separators and underground settling devices in removing suspended sediment from simulated stormwater runoff under conditions defined herein. (astm.org)
  • 1.3 This test method is not for measuring the removal efficiency of filters or the scouring potential of hydrodynamic separators and underground settling devices. (astm.org)
  • Neutrophils unexpectedly display flow-enhanced adhesion (hydrodynamic thresholding) to L-selectin in rolling or aggregation assays. (upenn.edu)
  • In fluid dynamics, hydrodynamic stability is the field which analyses the stability and the onset of instability of fluid flows. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analyses of geological and hydrodynamic controls on methane emissions experienced in a Lower Kittanning coal mine. (cdc.gov)
  • In this study, we used a combination of population genetic analyses and high-resolution hydrodynamic modelling to investigate potential connectivity between populations of the kelp Laminaria digitata in the Strangford Narrows, a narrow channel characterized by strong currents linking the large semi-enclosed sea lough, Strangford Lough, to the Irish Sea. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • To measure the sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals in these receiver cells, we present a high-throughput suction-flow device for probing mechanosensitive ion channels 24 by back-calculating the microscopic forces on the cell membrane. (nature.com)
  • The system employs pure hydrodynamic forces for easy cell trapping and is readily fabricated in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) using soft lithography techniques. (mdpi.com)
  • The model is shown to estimate greater effective hydrodynamic radii than those of respective fragments being unconfined in bulk solution, implying increased drag forces and reduced diffusion coefficients, which is also a noticeable trend among diffusion coefficient estimates derived from the experimentally obtained plate heights. (rsc.org)
  • Phys.org)-A team of researchers with Delft University in the Netherlands has found via lab experiments, that synchronization that occurs with algae flagella while they swim is likely not driven by hydrodynamic forces. (phys.org)
  • Scientists do not know but have suspected it has to do with hydrodynamic forces, meaning the movement of the fluid causes it to come about. (phys.org)
  • They then calculated that if hydrodynamic forces alone were causing the synchronization, the flagella would have to produce a flow 30 times the normal swim speed of the microorganism to account for such a difference, thus, such forces do not appear to be the answer. (phys.org)
  • The influence of hydrodynamic forces on eukaryotic flagella synchronization is investigated by triggering phase locking between a controlled external flow and the flagella of C. reinhardtii. (phys.org)
  • Hydrodynamic forces required for synchronization are over an order of magnitude larger than hydrodynamic forces experienced in physiological conditions. (phys.org)
  • This will be strongly influenced by the local topography and basic hydrodynamic forces and covers a wide spectrum of spatial scales ranging from the small scale which may affect, for example, the settling pattern of spores to the oceanic scale which may dictate whole or partial plant rafting patterns over large distances [ 8 - 13 ]. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Influence of the hydrodynamic environment on quorum sensing in Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, we used random mutagenesis combined with a novel selection-enrichment technique to specifically identify mutations in the FimH adhesin that confer on E. coli the ability to form biofilms under hydrodynamic flow (HDF) conditions. (asm.org)
  • Solutions are presented for modal analysis of hydrodynamic pressures generated by the three translational seismic components - longitudinal, vertical, and transverse - on a dam limiting a semicircular cylindrical reservoir. (asce.org)
  • The analysis includes data on the intrinsic viscosity, root-mean-square radius of gyration, from small-angle x-ray scattering, and hydrodynamic radius, from the translational diffusion coefficient. (aps.org)
  • The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) provided a field validated two-dimensional Resource Management Associates-2 (RMA-2) hydrodynamic model capable of quantifying the steady-flowpatterns in the Ohio River extending from river mile 590 to 630 for the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission (ORSANCO) water-quality modeling efforts on that reach. (usgs.gov)
  • Simulation shows that through hydrodynamic escape of hydrogen, a planet at the orbit of Mercury (0.4 AU) and with 0.5 Uranus mass can lose about 10 % of its mass within 850 million yr if the solar EUV radiation is 10 times the present level. (psu.edu)
  • Mathur, G., "Modeling and Simulation of Thermal and Hydrodynamic Performance of Heat Exchangers for Automotive Applications - Part I: Condensers," SAE Technical Paper 970829, 1997, https://doi.org/10.4271/970829 . (sae.org)
  • We present various numerical studies conducted with a novel pore-scale simulation technology called Direct Hydrodynamic (DHD) Simulation that can be used to study multiphase flow at various scales ranging from individual pore-scale events to complex scenarios like capillary de-saturation and relative permeability of digitized rock samples. (slb.com)
  • Coast Survey develops and tests hydrodynamic modeling applications for use in operational systems and products. (noaa.gov)
  • We consider a simplified version of Ericksen-Leslie equation modeling the compressible hydrodynamic flow of nematic liquid crystals in dimension one. (aimsciences.org)
  • In this study, the influence of hydrodynamic models on dynamics of the fluidized bed polyethylene production process has been investigated via modeling. (degruyter.com)
  • The results of this study showed that a choice of a hydrodynamic model for the fluidized bed polyethylene reactor has a minor effect on the dynamic response and the grade transition of the polyethylene production process and a simple hydrodynamic sub-model can be used for the proper dynamic modeling and control of the process. (degruyter.com)
  • We postulate that numerous aquatic organisms other than protists could coordinate their behaviour using variations of hydrodynamic trigger waves. (nature.com)
  • These situations increase the complexity of the hydrodynamic regime, requiring the use of numerical models to understand their behaviour. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Two large-scale column experiments have been performed to test the hydrodynamic behaviour of unsaturated, compacted granite sawdust-a material produced during the dressing of dimension stone in Pontevedra (Spain). (tudelft.nl)
  • This paper presents an analysis of the hydrodynamic considerations in the design of water dynamometers, with particular emphasis on high-speed dynamometers with high rotor tip velocities. (sae.org)
  • The IIT hydrodynamic model computes the phase velocities and volume fractions of gas, liquid and particulate phases. (unt.edu)
  • This model consists of two hydrodynamic modules: a long wave module (two-dimensional depth-averaged) which includes the analysis of a system of sluice gates, and a wind module (quasi three-dimensional). (environmental-expert.com)
  • For complex flows in river systems such as when there is flow over floodplains, the dynamic relation between water stages and flow in a river reach is best represented by depth averaged two-dimensional hydrodynamic models. (oregonstate.edu)
  • Here, we use Computational Fluid Dynamics to explore the possible hydrodynamic function of the lorica. (dtu.dk)
  • A three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics study was carried out for the hydrodynamic analysis. (dtu.dk)
  • The earliest hydrodynamic models were ellipsoids of revolution, as shown in the image to the right of the atomic model. (biophysics.org)
  • This and other bead models capture the shape of a protein and provide a theoretically rigorous path to calculation of hydrodynamic molecular properties. (biophysics.org)
  • Coast Survey and the Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS) have coordinated on the development and operational implementation of a system of real-time, operational coastal 3-D hydrodynamic models around the U.S. coastline for more than 15 years. (noaa.gov)
  • 3-D hydrodynamic models are used by the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) to simulate the transport of thermal and radionuclide discharges in coastal estuary systems. (unt.edu)
  • To facilitate rapid and accurate hydrodynamic model development, SRNL has developed a pre- and post-processor application in a geospatial framework to automate the creation of models using existing data. (unt.edu)
  • Hydrodynamic models for slurry bubble column reactors. (unt.edu)
  • In hydrodynamic research laboratories scaled models of ships, platforms and (coastal) structures are tested to verify its functionality in real life. (boschrexroth.com)
  • The hydrodynamic sub-models, which are the simple and dynamic two-phase, well mixed and tanks in series models, were used in the study along with the reaction sub-model from the literature. (degruyter.com)
  • The hydrodynamic sub-models differ from each other in terms of flow structure and the presence of solids in the disperse phase. (degruyter.com)
  • Two different models were developed on the basis of different fluorescence stained confocal laser scanning microscopy images to elucidate the roles of the granule structure in the hydrodynamic and mass transfer processes of aerobic granules. (dtu.dk)
  • The main purpose is to show the influence of the cross-sectional shape of the reservoir in the hydrodynamic responses. (asce.org)
  • The hydrodynamic environment is one such factor with the potential to influence QS in several ways. (asm.org)
  • and the amplitude of these variables created a hydrodynamic index (H=0.05+/-0.03, N=6) that was less than an order of magnitude below the theoretical prediction. (biomedsearch.com)
  • New results related to the calculated hydrodynamic permeability and the theoretical values of Kozeny constant are reported. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • The advantage of the convex hull hydrodynamic method is speed of calculation: it may be used to quickly predict properties of large ensembles of molecular structures or to encode real-time target restraints during molecular simulations. (biophysics.org)
  • Hydrodynamic cavitation results in the formation of cavities (bubbles) filled with vapour gas mixture inside the flowing liquid, or at the boundary of a constrictive device due to rapid local pressure drop. (scielo.org.za)
  • The ADCIRC coastal hydrodynamic model simulates tides in regional applications, and these modeled water levels are subsequently used to compute spatially varying tidal datums. (noaa.gov)
  • In this paper, a fully two-dimensional hydrodynamic model of a heavily regulated coastal lagoon, which includes the artificial connection with the sea, is presented. (environmental-expert.com)
  • the introduction of nonindigenous aquatic species into coastal Therefore, the hydrodynamic pressure differential between the waters have motivated the international maritime regulatory bow and the stern region of a ship is theoretically able to induce bodies to adopt strict regulations in order to control and a slow water flow inside the ballast trunks without the need for eventually eliminate this phenomenon. (scribd.com)
  • A salient measure of the strength of HI with regard to diffusion is given by the hydrodynamic function H(q). (esrf.eu)
  • The photosynthesis-nutrient-hydrodynamic (PNH) model also incorporated a model for diffusion of light within the bioreactor to allow for investigations into the effects of light absorption and scattering within the bioreactor and how mixing affects the active biomass. (bl.uk)
  • UltraScan Solution Modeler (US-SOMO) processes atomic and lower-resolution bead model representations of biological and other macromolecules to compute various hydrodynamic parameters, such as the sedimentation and diffusion coefficients, relaxation times and intrinsic viscosity, and small angle scattering curves, that contribute to our understanding of molecular structure in solution. (iu.edu)
  • Hydrodynamic sensing does not facilitate active drag reduction in the golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Hydrodynamic theory suggests that fish could reduce drag by coordinating the motion of the head relative to detected flow signals. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Methods and devices for inducing high bulk hydrodynamic resistance and/or for inducing low electrical resistance in microscale systems including bulk viscosity enhancers, surfactants, and electrolytes. (google.co.uk)
  • Separation of sperm and epithelial cells based on the hydrodynamic effect for forensic analysis. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • To achieve a rapid and automated sample pretreatment process, we fabricated a microdevice for hydrodynamic and size-based separation of sperm and epithelial cells. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Recent demands for higher-speed, higher-power density, long-service-life dynamometers have introduced added hydrodynamic tradeoff problems which require further investigation. (sae.org)
  • hydrodynamic जाल एक दो परत संकर (polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) / कांच) कण प्रसूति के लिए microfluidic डिवाइस के होते हैं. (jove.com)
  • Through these trips and the following of conspecifics, pups might learn routes to avoid predators and good places to find food, showing the possible significance of hydrodynamic detection to these seals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Goksör, M. Hydrodynamic Cell Trapping for High Throughput Single-Cell Applications. (mdpi.com)
  • Banaeiyan AA, Ahmadpour D, Adiels CB, Goksör M. Hydrodynamic Cell Trapping for High Throughput Single-Cell Applications. (mdpi.com)
  • We have developed a single bioreactor system that allows for step-wise conditioning protocols to be developed for each unique TEHV design as well as allows for hydrodynamic performance assessment. (springer.com)
  • The developed program is used to predict the thermal and hydrodynamic performance of finned tube condensers. (sae.org)
  • Many retrofitting technologies have been proposed to improve the hydrodynamic performance of existing fleets with the aim of reducing the fuel consumption and consequently CO2 emission. (strath.ac.uk)
  • The theoretically based expressions for the hydrodynamic pressure, the maximum positive pressure and the load capacity were obtained for a cell which includes the inside and outside of the pore areas. (igi-global.com)
  • The model uses a two-dimensional energy deposition calculation instead of the single-layer heating assumption, which is not sufficiently accurate for hydrodynamic escape from a hydrogen-rich planetary atmosphere. (psu.edu)
  • The complex was sufficiently stable to allow the determination of its hydrodynamic properties. (biochemj.org)
  • Our results indicate that estimated hydrodynamic connectivity originates consistently from canyons to the southwest of Corsair Canyon, particularly Georges, and Heezen Canyons. (frontiersin.org)