A respiratory distress syndrome in newborn infants, usually premature infants with insufficient PULMONARY SURFACTANTS. The disease is characterized by the formation of a HYALINE-like membrane lining the terminal respiratory airspaces (PULMONARY ALVEOLI) and subsequent collapse of the lung (PULMONARY ATELECTASIS).
A vasodilator that apparently has direct actions on blood vessels and also increases cardiac output. Tolazoline can interact to some degree with histamine, adrenergic, and cholinergic receptors, but the mechanisms of its therapeutic effects are not clear. It is used in treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A clear, homogenous, structureless, eosinophilic substance occurring in pathological degeneration of tissues.
Functional competence of specific organs or body systems of the FETUS in utero.
A human infant born before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Substances and drugs that lower the SURFACE TENSION of the mucoid layer lining the PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
An autoimmune disease of the KIDNEY and the LUNG. It is characterized by the presence of circulating autoantibodies targeting the epitopes in the non-collagenous domains of COLLAGEN TYPE IV in the basement membranes of kidney glomeruli (KIDNEY GLOMERULUS) and lung alveoli (PULMONARY ALVEOLI), and the subsequent destruction of these basement membranes. Clinical features include pulmonary alveolar hemorrhage and glomerulonephritis.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
A condition of the newborn marked by DYSPNEA with CYANOSIS, heralded by such prodromal signs as dilatation of the alae nasi, expiratory grunt, and retraction of the suprasternal notch or costal margins, mostly frequently occurring in premature infants, children of diabetic mothers, and infants delivered by cesarean section, and sometimes with no apparent predisposing cause.
A type of CARTILAGE characterized by a homogenous amorphous matrix containing predominately TYPE II COLLAGEN and ground substance. Hyaline cartilage is found in ARTICULAR CARTILAGE; COSTAL CARTILAGE; LARYNGEAL CARTILAGES; and the NASAL SEPTUM.
An infant having a birth weight of 2500 gm. (5.5 lb.) or less but INFANT, VERY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT is available for infants having a birth weight of 1500 grams (3.3 lb.) or less.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Bleeding into one or both CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES including the BASAL GANGLIA and the CEREBRAL CORTEX. It is often associated with HYPERTENSION and CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA.
An infant whose weight at birth is less than 1500 grams (3.3 lbs), regardless of gestational age.
The branch of medicine dealing with the fetus and infant during the perinatal period. The perinatal period begins with the twenty-eighth week of gestation and ends twenty-eight days after birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
A viral encephalitis caused by the St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), a FLAVIVIRUS. It is transmitted to humans and other vertebrates primarily by mosquitoes of the genus CULEX. The primary animal vectors are wild birds and the disorder is endemic to the midwestern and southeastern United States. Infections may be limited to an influenza-like illness or present as an ASEPTIC MENINGITIS or ENCEPHALITIS. Clinical manifestations of the encephalitic presentation may include SEIZURES, lethargy, MYOCLONUS, focal neurologic signs, COMA, and DEATH. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p750)
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiologic agent of ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS in the United States, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
A chronic lung disease developed after OXYGEN INHALATION THERAPY or mechanical ventilation (VENTILATION, MECHANICAL) usually occurring in certain premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE) or newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RESPIRATORY DISTRESS SYNDROME, NEWBORN). Histologically, it is characterized by the unusual abnormalities of the bronchioles, such as METAPLASIA, decrease in alveolar number, and formation of CYSTS.
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Thin-walled sacs or spaces which function as a part of the respiratory system in birds, fishes, insects, and mammals.
The force acting on the surface of a liquid, tending to minimize the area of the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The volume of water filtered out of plasma through glomerular capillary walls into Bowman's capsules per unit of time. It is considered to be equivalent to INULIN clearance.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A medical specialty concerned with maintaining health and providing medical care to children from birth to adolescence.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.

Hyaline membrane disease, alkali, and intraventricular haemorrhage. (1/100)

The relation between intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) and hyaline membrane disease (HMD) was studied in singletons that came to necropsy at Hammersmith Hospital over the years 1966-73. The incidence of IVH in singleton live births was 3-22/1000 and of HMD 4-44/1000. Although the high figures were partily due to the large number of low birthweight infants born at this hospital, the incidence of IVH in babies weighing 1001-1500 g was three times as great as that reported in the 1658 British Perinatal Mortality Survey. Most IVH deaths were in babies with HMD, but the higher frequency of IVH was not associated with any prolongation of survival time of babies who died with HMD as compared with the 1958 survey. IVH was seen frequently at gestations of up to 36 weeks in babies with HMD but was rare above 30 weeks' gestation in babies without HMD. This indicated that factors associated with HMD must cause most cases of IVH seen at gestations above 30 weeks. Comparison of clinical details in infants with HMD who died with or without IVH (at gestations of 30-37 weeks) showed no significant differences between the groups other than a high incidence of fits and greater use of alkali therapy in the babies with IVH. During the 12 hours when most alkali therapy was given, babies dying with IVD received a mean total alkali dosage of 10-21 mmol/kg and those dying without IVH 6-34 mmol/kg (P less than 0-001). There was no difference in severity of hypoxia or of metabolic acidosis between the 2 groups. Babies who died with HMD and germinal layer haemorrhage (GLH) without IVH had received significantly more alkali than those who died with HMD alone, whereas survivors of severe respiratory distress syndrome had received lower alkali doses than other groups. It is suggested that the greatly increased death rate from IVH in babies with HMD indicates some alteration of management of HMD (since 1958) as a causative factor. Liberal use of hypertonic alkali solutions is the common factor which distinguishes babies dying with GLH and IVH from other groups of babies with HMD. Although the causal nature of this association remains unproved, it seems justifiable to lrge caution in alkali usage.  (+info)

Randomised controlled trial of low dose fentanyl infusion in preterm infants with hyaline membrane disease. (2/100)

AIM: To evaluate the effects of low dose fentanyl infusion analgesia on behavioural and neuroendocrine stress response and short term outcome in premature infants ventilated for hyaline membrane disease. METHODS: Twenty seven ventilated preterm infants were randomly assigned to receive a mean fentanyl infusion of 1.1 (0.08 SE) micrograms/kg/h for 75 (5) hours, and 28 untreated infants were considered a control group. A behavioural sedation score was used to assess the infants' behaviour. Urinary metanephrine and the normetanephrine:creatinine molar ratio were determined at 0, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Outcome data and ventilatory indexes were recorded for each infant. RESULTS: The fentanyl group showed significantly lower behavioural stress scores and O2 desaturations than controls and lower urinary concentrations of metanephrine and normetanephrine at 24, 48, 72 hours. The two groups showed no significant difference in ventilatory variables or short term outcome. CONCLUSIONS: A short course of low dose fentanyl infusion reduces behavioural sedation scores, O2 desaturations and neuroendocrine stress response in preterm ventilated infants.  (+info)

Haemodynamic effects of altering arterial oxygen saturation in preterm infants with respiratory failure. (3/100)

AIMS: To examine the haemodynamic effects of brief alteration in arterial oxygenation in preterm infants with respiratory failure. METHODS: Eighteen preterm infants with respiratory failure, aged 9-76 hours, underwent detailed Doppler echocardiographic assessment at 86%, 96%, and 100% SaO2, achieved by altering the FIO2. Sixteen were receiving intermittent positive pressure ventilation, median FIO2 0.45 (0.20-0.65), median mean airway pressure 12 cm H2O (0-20). SaO2 was stable for 15 minutes at each stage. Four parameters of pulmonary arterial pressure were measured: peak velocity of tricuspid regurgitation and peak velocity of left to right ductal flow, TPV:RVET ratio and PEP:RVET ratio, measured at the pulmonary valve, along with flow velocity integrals at the aortic and pulmonary valves, and systemic arterial pressure. Ductal size was graded into closed, small, moderate, large with imaging, pulsed and continuous wave Doppler. RESULTS: Between 86% and 96% SaO2, there were no consistent changes, but in three of the 12 with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) there was ductal constriction, with complete closure in one. Between 96% and 100% SaO2, peak ductal flow velocity rose significantly in four of eight with a PDA. Ductal constriction occurred in four infants; in three this was associated with a significant fall in aortic flow integral and a rise in aortic pressure (4-6 mm Hg). Overall, 11 infants went from 86% to 100% SaO2 and pulmonary arterial pressure fell significantly in seven. CONCLUSION: A brief rise in SaO2 within the range maintained by most neonatal units can cause significant ductal constriction. The fall in pulmonary arterial pressure with 100% SaO2 seen in most infants was associated with a fall in pulmonary blood flow (or no change), rather than a rise, indicating that the dominant haemodynamic effect was ductal constriction rather than pulmonary vasodilation.  (+info)

Pneumothorax in the newborn. Changing pattern. (4/100)

The clinical course of pneumothorax and its allied conditions was studied in 34 newborn infants who presented over a 2 1/2-year period. We found an overall incidence of 3/1000 live births. 11 term infants without obvious pulmonary pathology presented early (9 within minutes of birth); 6 of these had aspirated meconium or blood. The remaining 23 were preterm infants with hyaline membrane disease (HMD) and accounted for 68% of the infants in this series. In contrast, they presented late (mean 45 hours) and 16 were on continuous distending pressure (CDP) or intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) at the onset of pneumothorax. 15% of all infants with HMD who required CDP/IPPV developed pneumothorax; this increased incidence was most evident in infants who received CDP only. All except 2 of the 11 term infants in the first group were managed conservatively and all survived. Wehn pneumothorax occurred as a complication of HMD in preterm infants, 14 of the 16 infants required intrapleural drainage. Persistence or recurrence of pneumothorax occurred in 9 infants, 7 of whom were receiving CDP/IPPV at the time. Lung expansion was affected only after replacement with a patent chest drain through the same incision or insertion of a second drain on the same side of the chest. All 5 deaths occurred in the group of preterm infants with HMD. 3 resulted directly form respiratory failure due to severe HMD complicated by pneumothorax. We emphasize the increasing importance of pneumothorax as a complication of HMD in preterm infants, particularly in those receiving CDP. Successful management depends on prompt diagnosis and treatment of pneumothorax, which may occur as unexplained sudden deterioration at any time during the course of illness in this group of high risk infants.  (+info)

Early neonatal hypocalcaemia. (5/100)

In our hospital early neonatal hypocalcaemia is now the major cause of low serum calcium in the neonatal period. Over a 2-year period, only 2 cases of hypocalcaemic convulsions were seen in a total of 8700 deliveries, though 51 infants had early neonatal hypocalcaemia. All sick low birth-weight infants should have daily serum calcium estimations carried out. Calcium supplements should be considered if symptoms of hypocalcaemia are present.  (+info)

Neonatal pneumopericardium. (6/100)

SUMMARY: Pneumopericardium developed in three newborn infants, including a set of twins, with respiratory distress syndrome. The rarity of this condition and its occurrence in two newborns suggest an anatomic predisposition, especially in premature infants requiring assisted ventilation. Two of the infants died; one had undergone pericardiocentesis. From a review of the literature and from our cases we conclude that conservative therapy appears warranted in cases of isolated pneumopericardium although the number of cases reported is too small to provide a definite answer.  (+info)

Primary peritonitis in infancy and childhood. (7/100)

Primary peritonitis, rarely diagnosed preoperatively, is an uncommon disease accounting for 2.1% of all pediatric abdominal emergencies. It is often associated with urinary or hepatic pathology, the former the source of the infecting organism in the majority of cases, and presents with characteristic symptoms depending upon whether it occurs in infancy or childhood. The symptoms and signs which allow for a positive prospective diagnosis are illustrated by comparing this disease to those entities with which it is most often confused, e.g. diffuse peritonitis of other etiologies, and include a short duration of symptoms, associated urinary tract infection and an absence of free air on abdominal roentgenograms. In the past, gram positive organisms were the most common infecting agent; however, in this series gram negative bacteria accounted for 69% or the organisms. Antibiotics with a gram negative spectrum and exploratory laparotomy with appendectomy are the hallmarks of therapy, the latter replaced by abdominal tap only in the patient who satisfies the criteria for primary peritonitis and in whom an associated disease makes the risk of surgery prohibitive.  (+info)

Lactobacillus acidophilus sepsis in a neonate. (8/100)

Lactobacillus species are non-spore-forming, anaerobic, gram-positive rods that cause disease in immunocompromised adults. Few cases have been described in children. We present the case of a 2-month-old infant who apparently developed Lactobacillus acidophilus sepsis from an infected central venous catheter. Physicians should be aware that although Lactobacillus species rarely cause disease in children, they should be considered a possible pathogen when isolated from the blood of a newborn infant.  (+info)

Lung function and respiratory symptoms were studied in 40 children aged 8-18 years who had been ventilated for hyaline membrane disease after birth; 11 had had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Also studied were 38 age matched children who had had hyaline membrane disease but had not required ventilation, 25 unmatched children who were born prematurely but did not develop hyaline membrane disease, and 39 randomly selected pupils of similar age. There was no difference in thoracic gas volume, total lung capacity, inspiratory vital capacity, residual volume, or transfer factor for carbon monoxide between the groups. Respiratory symptoms during the three years before the study and the frequency of clinically diagnosed asthma in patients and their family were similar in all the children with hyaline membrane disease irrespective of whether they had been ventilated or had had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, however, had a lower forced expiratory volume in one ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease. In: Hay, Jr WW, Levin MJ, Deterding RR, Abzug MJ. Hay, Jr W.W., Levin M.J., Deterding R.R., Abzug M.J. Eds. William W. Hay, Jr, et al.eds. Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment Pediatrics New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; . http://accesspediatrics.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2196§ionid=166958030. Accessed December 12, 2017 ...
RDS occurs when there is not enough of a substance in the lungs called surfactant. Surfactant is made by the cells in the airways and consists of phospholipids and protein. It begins to be produced in the fetus at about 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. Surfactant is found in amniotic fluid between 28 and 32 weeks. By about 35 weeks gestation, most babies have developed adequate amounts of surfactant.. Surfactant is normally released into the lung tissues where it helps lower surface tension in the airways. This helps keep the lung alveoli (air sacs) open. When there is not enough surfactant, the tiny alveoli collapse with each breath. As the alveoli collapse, damaged cells collect in the airways and further affect breathing ability. These cells are called hyaline membranes. The baby works harder and harder at breathing, trying to re-inflate the collapsed airways.. As the babys lung function decreases, less oxygen is taken in and more carbon dioxide builds up in the blood. This can lead to increased ...
RDS occurs when there is not enough of a substance in the lungs called surfactant. Surfactant is made by the cells in the airways and consists of phospholipids and protein. It begins to be produced in the fetus at about 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. Surfactant is found in amniotic fluid between 28 and 32 weeks. By about 35 weeks gestation, most babies have developed adequate amounts of surfactant.. Surfactant is normally released into the lung tissues where it helps lower surface tension in the airways. This helps keep the lung alveoli (air sacs) open. When there is not enough surfactant, the tiny alveoli collapse with each breath. As the alveoli collapse, damaged cells collect in the airways and further affect breathing ability. These cells are called hyaline membranes. The baby works harder and harder at breathing, trying to re-inflate the collapsed airways.. As the babys lung function decreases, less oxygen is taken in and more carbon dioxide builds up in the blood. This can lead to increased ...
RDS occurs when there is not enough of a substance in the lungs called surfactant. Surfactant is made by the cells in the airways and consists of phospholipids and protein. It begins to be produced in the fetus at about 24 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. Surfactant is found in amniotic fluid between 28 and 32 weeks. By about 35 weeks gestation, most babies have developed adequate amounts of surfactant.. Surfactant is normally released into the lung tissues where it helps lower surface tension in the airways. This helps keep the lung alveoli (air sacs) open. When there is not enough surfactant, the tiny alveoli collapse with each breath. As the alveoli collapse, damaged cells collect in the airways and further affect breathing ability. These cells are called hyaline membranes. The baby works harder and harder at breathing, trying to re-inflate the collapsed airways.. As the babys lung function decreases, less oxygen is taken in and more carbon dioxide builds up in the blood. This can lead to increased ...
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A 10-day-old 560 g (24-wk gestational age) girl was scheduled for PDA ligation. Her perinatal course was complicated by intraventricular hemorrhage and hyaline membrane disease. Her PDA remained patent after an indomethacin administration. The resulting pulmonary overcirculation further compromised her existing respiratory insufficiency requiring an oscillator modality in addition to her pressure-cycled intermittent mandatory ventilation. Surgical consultation was requested, and PDA ligation was planned for the patient in the NICU.. The neonates baseline vital signs were blood pressure of 40/18, heart rate of 170 bpm, and pulse oximetry (Sao2) 90% on fraction of inspired oxygen 1.0 on an oscillator ventilator with four mandatory breaths/min. Physical examination, laboratory panel, and arterial blood gas measurement were unremarkable. Chest radiograph showed cardiomegaly, pulmonary overcirculation, and the appearance of hyaline membrane disease. The endotracheal tube was in good position and the ...
Vidant Health - Respiratory distress syndrome is a common health problem in premature babies that causes them to need extra oxygen and help when breathing.
BackgroundBeing aware of the impact of low birth weight on late-onset hypertension, our aim was to describe systolic blood pressure (sBP) and renal function in 3-5-year-old preterm-born children and to determine which perinatal factors or childhood factors were associated with an altered renal function at 5 years in these children.MethodsThis was a prospective longitudinal cohort study of children born at 27-31 weeks of gestation and included at birth and examined at 3, 4, and 5 years of age. The primary outcome was renal function at 5 years: BP, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and albuminuria ...
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The aims of the study are to investigate the possible role of ultrasound (US) of the chest in predicting the development of chronic lung disease (CLD) in patients with hyaline membrane disease (HMD) and to determine the optimal age for the sonographic examination. One hundred and five consecutive prematures undergoing mechanical ventilation were prospectively studied by US of the chest. The US examinations were performed at birth and at least once a week until discharge from the neonatal unit. The sonographic patterns observed behind the diaphragm and their evolutions were recorded and correlated with the clinical and radiological data at day 28, which corresponds to the currently accepted limit for determining the presence of CLD. CLD is currently defined as oxygen dependency on day 28 with radiographic abnormalities. A diffuse retrodiaphragmatic hyperechogenicity was observed in all the patients with HMD. The hyperechogenicity resolved completely in patients with an uncomplicated clinical evolution.
Respiratory distress syndrome, also known as hyaline membrane disease, occurs almost exclusively in premature infants. The incidence and severity of respiratory distress syndrome are related inversely to the gestational age of the newborn infant.
Any child born before the 37th week of pregnancy is deemed to be premature. Thanks to the enormous progress in neonatology, which is a branch of paediatrics, even children who come into this world early now have a good chance of a healthy life.. Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome (NRDS, or hyaline membrane disease) is a serious condition where a newborn babys lungs cant provide the body with enough oxygen. NRDS often occurs when there isnt enough surfactant in the lungs. Surfactant is made up from proteins and fats and helps to keep the lungs inflated and prevent parts of the lungs collapsing.1. Most babies produce enough surfactant to breathe normally by week 34. Babies born prematurely may not have enough surfactant in their lungs.1. NRDS is a common complication of premature birth, affecting 50% of babies born before 28 weeks.1 NRDS is usually treated in a neonatal intensive care unit so that a ventilator can support the function of the lungs while they recover and complete their ...
Born four weeks early in Wagga Wagga, the new Townsville University Hospital Intern didnt have the normal entry into the world.. My parents told me I wasnt born crying, which raised alarm bells, so I was airlifted to Canberra Hospital, said Dr Godde.. There she was cared for by Dr Gaun Koh and Dr Ryan Reynolds. They diagnosed her with Hyaline Membrane Disease, now known as Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome.. It meant that the alveoli in my lungs didnt have enough surfactant in them. If you dont have it, when you breathe out your lungs collapse and its hard to open them again.. Due to the lack of oxygen she had more complications including Pulmonary Hypertension and Pneumothorax. Dr Koh tried all he could to give her the best chance at survival.. They put chest tubes in to try and help me breathe. They had me on 100% oxygen, which helped, but as soon as they started to drop it I would start to decline. It was a bit of a balancing act, because if you have 100% oxygen for a prolonged ...
1)   Transient tachypnea of the new born ,  2)  Congenital diaphragmatic hernia ,  3)  Tracheo oesophageal fistula ,  4)  Hyaline membrane disease
Ductal or lobular carcinoma in situ (DCIS/LCIS) can rarely arise from sclerosing adenosis (SA). The combination of cytologically malignant cells and the infiltrative growth pattern may make it challenging to distinguish it from an invasive carcinoma. The authors reviewed 50 consecutive cases of CIS involving SA to seek the salient histologic characteristics in order to prevent overdiagnosis. The features commonly seen with CIS were the lobular configuration at low magnification (94%), uninvolved SA in neighboring tissue (84%), at least focally identifiable myoepithelial cells on H&E-stained sections (76%), separate foci of unequivocal CIS (58%), associated microcalcifications (54%), and hyaline basement membrane surrounding tumor cell nests (48 ...
The lungs of newborn infants, particularly those who are premature or born to diabetic mothers, frequently contain membranes of eosinophilic material, which lin
Cancer Therapy Advisor provides nephrology and hypertension specialist with the latest information to correctly diagnose nephrology and hypertension conditions, recommend procedures and guides. Visit often for updates and new information.
The lungs, immune organs, and systemic small vessels are the main targets of virus attack, so that extensive consolidation of the lung, diffuse alveolar damage with hyaline membrane formation, respiratory distress, and decreased immune function are the main causes of death. (A) H&E (original magnification ×400). The marginal sinus and germinal centres disappeared in some lymph nodes, and many monocytes and plasmacytoid monocytes could be seen in the remaining lymphatic sinus. Available under CC-BY-SA license. Immunoinformatics‐aided identification of T cell and B cell epitopes in the surface glycoprotein of 2019‐nCoV. Viral particles were identified by transmission electron microscopy. Systemic toxic changes included degeneration and necrosis of the parenchyma cells in the lung, liver, kidney, heart, and adrenal gland. 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2020.105182. Cytokeratin (CK, 1 : 50), epithelial membrane antigen (EMA, 1 : 100), CD68 (1 : 100), and leukocyte common antigen (LCA, 1 : 100) ...
Having confirmed the ability of myr-Akt to induce activation of downstream signaling pathways in lung epithelial cells, we investigated whether expression of Ad-myr-Akt could prevent oxidant-induced lung injury and death in animals. In these experiments, control adenovirus or adenovirus expressing myr-Akt 17 was introduced intratracheally into mice and the mice were immediately exposed to 100% O2. Although all of the control mice died within 72 h of initiation of exposure to 100% O2, all of the mice infected with Ad-myr-Akt lived longer (Fig. 2). The mice were killed at 120 h at which point they had begun to display respiratory distress. Thus, mice expressing activated Akt showed a significant increase in survival time (P , 0.0001). Histological examination of lung sections showed hyaline membrane formation, hemorrhage, inflammation, and gross pulmonary edema in the lungs of the control mice at 72 h (Fig. 3 A). In contrast, the lungs of mice infected with Ad-myr-Akt appeared normal and free of ...
Oxygen in high concentrations is a toxic gas, and, as may be expected, the lung is the predominant target. The direct action of oxygen and the resultant pulmonary signs and symptoms are related to structural damage in the lung. Pulmonary cells are not equally susceptible to hyperoxia; a distinctive pattern of injury has been established,, a differential susceptibility resembling that observed after irradiation. Continuous inhalation of 90% oxygen by mice results, within a few days, in interstitial edema which appears to be related directly to injury to pulmonary vascular endothelium. With continued exposure for 5 to 7 days, 80-90% of the animals die; the lungs of these animals are solid and airless and the alveolar ducts and air sacs are lined with fibrin-containing hyaline membranes. This catastrophic event is a consequence of disintegration of the type 1 epithelium that lines the air sacs. Type 2 cells, alveolar macrophages, and bronchiolar cells are much less sensitive to hyperoxia, and necrosis of
In 2002, Beasley et al2 described a new histological pattern of diffuse infiltrative lung disease that was termed acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia. The characteristic histological pattern of acute fibrinous organizing pneumonia is an intra-alveolar deposit of fibrin forming fibrin balls and an organizing pneumonia with a patchy distribution. This pattern, and the absence of hyaline membranes and extensive abscess formation, distinguishes this entity from diffuse alveolar damage and bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia. A lack of prominent eosinophilic infiltrates makes it different from eosinophilic pneumonia.. So far, excluding our case, 29 cases of this entity have been reported (see Table 1). This disease has been described more often in males in the fifth to sixth decade of life. In most of the reported cases no risk or predisposing factor was found.2-4,10-12 However, it has been associated with infection,2,13 connective tissue disorders,2,6,12 hematological malignancies,2,7 ...
Chytriodinium like parasite, infecting egg still in sac fram Atlantic Ocean. Egg sac contains 5 or more eggs, with about 40-60 µm dimater. Infected eggs showed one to several sporangia, with 50-70 µm of diameter (multiple infections frequent). A chain of dinospores was coiled within a fine hyaline membrane of the sporangium. The sporangium remained attached to the copepod egg and more than 60 dinospores were released when the membrane was lysed. Dinospores are about 8-9 µm long.. Body_trophont_length: 50-70 ...
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HMD™ MULTIS were formulated to provide you with optimum levels of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that support mood and energy production.
Thin basement membrane disease (TBMD, also known as benign familial hematuria and thin basement membrane nephropathy or TBMN) is, along with IgA nephropathy, the most common cause of asymptomatic hematuria. The only abnormal finding in this disease is a thinning of the basement membrane of the glomeruli in the kidneys. Its importance lies in the fact that it has a benign prognosis, with patients maintaining a normal kidney function throughout their lives. Most patients with thin basement membrane disease are incidentally discovered to have microscopic hematuria on urinalysis. The blood pressure, kidney function, and the urinary protein excretion are usually normal. Mild proteinuria (less than 1.5 g/day) and hypertension are seen in a small minority of patients. Frank hematuria and loin pain should prompt a search for another cause, such as kidney stones or loin pain-hematuria syndrome. Also, there are no systemic manifestations, so presence of hearing impairment or visual impairment should ...
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) dates back to the early 1900s but only recently became commonplace in prehospital care. Iterations of CPAP were seen as early as 1912 when continuous positive pressure was trialed during thoracic surgery cases to prevent post-operative atelectasis.. In 1937, a form of CPAP was tested to prevent altitude-induced hypoxia in jet fighter pilots.. Between 1950 and 1967, the concept of CPAP evolved into intermittent positive pressure breathing (IPPB), which was used to treat and prevent acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Interestingly, IPPB has recently started to reappear in hospitals.. In 1971, CPAP was officially named as such and its use became fairly commonplace in neonatal ICUs for treatment of hyaline membrane disease (HMD) in premature newborns.. In 1981, CPAP was used experimentally to treat five Australian patients with life threatening Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).1 Prior to this research study, severe OSA was typically treated with ...
Thin basement membrane disease (TBMD) is an inherited disorder that mainly affects the glomeruli, which are tiny tufts of capillaries (small blood vessels) in the kidneys that filter wastes from the blood. It is a rare disorder that has been diagnosed in less than 1 percent of the population. The main symptom of TBMD is blood in the urine (hematuria). Another common symptom is
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(IRDS) or hyaline membrane diseasehī´əlĭn, -līn˝ [key], respiratory distress syndrome of newborns, most common in infants born prematurely or by cesarean section or having a diabetic mother. The immature lungs of such infants cannot retain air;
Diffuse alveolar damage (adult respiratory distress syndrome, ARDS). In ARDS, type I cells die as a result of diffuse alveolar damage. Intra-alveolar edema follows, after which there is formation of hyaline membranes composed of proteinaceous exudate and cell debris. In the acute phase, the lungs are markedly congested and heavy. Type II cells multiply to line the alveolar surface. Interstitial inflammation is characteristic. The lesion may heal completely or progress to interstitial fibrosis ...
I do know its a drag to see the physician - and it may be expensive if you dont have medical insurance coverage - but its far pergnancy to search out out what youre up pregnancy massage west cork. There is no such thing as a bleeding. Good luck. The S group pregnancy massage west cork a higher likelihood of untimely deliveries when compared to the NS group, with newborns weighing beneath 2,5kg, small in relation to gestational age, with Apgar scores at the 5th minute underneath six and hyaline membrane syndrome; intrauterine dying danger was increased in this group who attended much less medical appointments than scheduled. I feel that a mothers milk is greatest but folks should not be pressured into early pregnancy sickness cures as a result of its was a good mother does. zero) and it could really neutralize the gastric acid in your pregnancy massage west cork to combat the heartburn. Through the second trimester, the uterus is pulling up from the pelvic basin. Your babys msasage (and ...
Type I cells are eroded from inflamed, edematous alveolar walls with scattered PMNs. Proteinaceous exudate (the hyaline membrane) lines respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts (arrow), and some alveoli. Type II cell hyperplasia indicates early repair.. Organizing diffuse alveolar damage ...
Objective: To investigate the pathological characteristics and the clinical significance of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)-infected pneumonia (termed by WHO as corona virus disease 2019, COVID-19). Methods: Minimally invasive autopsies from lung, heart, kidney, spleen, bone marrow, liver, pancreas, stomach, intestine, thyroid and skin were performed on three patients died of novel coronavirus pneumonia in Chongqing, China. Hematoxylin and eosin staining (HE) and histochemical staining were performed to investigate the pathological changes of indicated organs or tissues. Immunohistochemical staining was conducted to evaluate the infiltration of immune cells as well as the expression of 2019-nCoV proteins. Real time PCR was carried out to detect the RNA of 2019-nCoV. Results: Various damages were observed in the alveolar structure, with minor serous exudation and fibrin exudation. Hyaline membrane formation was observed in some alveoli. The infiltrated immune cells in alveoli were majorly macrophages and
Protein name: SAMC Aliases: N/D Substrates: S-adenosyl-methionine, S-adenosyl-homocysteine Transport type: Exchanger / S-adenosyl-methionine, S-adenosyl-homocysteine Tissue and cellular expression: ubiquitous (testis) Subcellular expression: inner mitochondrial membrane Disease: N/D Locus: 3p14.1 Sequence ID: NP_001158268.1, NM_001164796.1 NP_775742.4, NM_173471.3 Gene ID: 115286 ...
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Anti-glomerular basement membrane disease is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by pulmonary hemorrhage, crescentic glomerulonephritis and the presence of circulating anti-glomerular basement membrane antibodies. The simultaneous occurrence of both anti-glomerular basement membrane disease and membranous nephropathy is rare. A 59-year-old Hispanic man presented with acute onset of nausea and vomiting and was found to have renal insufficiency. Work-up included a kidney biopsy, which revealed anti-glomerular basement membrane disease with underlying membranous nephropathy. He was treated with emergent hemodialysis, intravenous corticosteroids, plasmapheresis, and cyclophosphamide without improvement in his renal function. Simultaneous anti-glomerular basement membrane disease and membranous nephropathy is very rare. There have been 16 previous case reports in the English language literature that have been associated with a high mortality and morbidity, and a very high rate of renal failure resulting
The S group showed a higher likelihood of untimely srcond when compared to the NS group, with newborns weighing beneath 2,5kg, small in relation to gestational age, with Apgar scores at the 5th minute underneath six and hyaline membrane syndrome; intrauterine dying danger was increased in this group who attended much less medical appointments than scheduled. With additional help and support from the Jewish Pregnnacy Basis and Jewish Household Quic,ening of Better Kansas City, Priya will offer not simply financial help, but in addition entry to a quickenung social employee who will present counseling and education to individuals and couples. As pregnancy checks fluctuate in how you use them, you will need to learn the instructions fastidiously earlier than you do the test. His injuries included a fractured wrist, fractured skull, subdural hematoma, and retinal hemorrhages judged to be brought on by shaken-child syndrome. There havent been any human research yet. It can be quickenng complicated ...
Twenty autopsy cases with 2009 pandemic influenza A (2009 H1N1) virus infection, performed between August 2009 and February 2010, were histopathologically analyzed. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemistry for type A influenza nucleoprotein antigen, and real-time reverse transcription-PCR assay for viral RNA were performed on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded specimens. In addition, the D222G amino acid substitution in influenza virus hemagglutinin, which binds to specific cell receptors, was analyzed in formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded trachea and lung sections by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified products. There were several histopathological patterns in the lung according to the most remarkable findings in each case: acute diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) with a hyaline membrane (four cases), organized DAD (one case), acute massive intra-alveolar edema with variable degrees of hemorrhage (three cases), neutrophilic bronchopneumonia (five cases) and tracheobronchitis with limited ...
Tolazoline is a pulmonary vasodilator indicated used to decrease pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Tolazoline has moderate alpha-adrenergic blocking activity and has histamine agonist activity. Tolazoline usually reduces pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance.[1] Tolazoline is not as broadly effective as SNP against all spasmogens investigated. However, it may be effective in counteracting alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated vasospasm in human radial arteries. [2]. ...
Life habit: lichenized Thallus: crustose, warted-areolate, or squamulose to foliose surface: soredia or isidia absent or present cortex: present or absent photobiont: primary one a chlorococcoid green alga, secondary one absent Apothecia: mostly sessile and constricted at the base, often flexuose or tuberculate disc: pale beige to black margin: usually without algal cells, usually weakly prominent and persistent, in some species becoming excluded; exciple, hypothecium and subhymenium: hyaline or weakly pigmented hymenium: hyaline, weakly amyloid; upper part (epihymenium): usually pigmented; paraphyses: branched and anastomosing, septate, not distinctly thickened apically asci: clavate-cylindrical, 8-spored, Trapelia-type with an I- tholus, I+ faint blue lateral walls and an ILugol+ orange-red lumen ascospores: hyaline, simple, narrowly to broadly ellipsoid or ovoid, smooth-walled Conidiomata: pycnidial, immersed or semi-immersed with hyaline to pale brown walls conidia: hyaline, simple, ...
Thallus thin, plane, continuous or rimose-areolate to ±verruculose, yellowish white to whitish grey, epruinose, slightly glossy. Soredia absent. Prothallus not visible or whitish grey. Apothecia immersed when immature, becoming sessile, 0.2-0.7 (-1.0) mm diam.; disc pale brown to orange-brown, slightly whitish grey-pruinose; margin concolorous with the thallus, thin to thick, entire to verruculose. Cortex hyaline, inspersed with small crystals, gelatinous, 15-25 µm thick laterally and 20-30 µm thick basally. Amphithecium with large crystals insoluble in KOH (pulicaris-type). Parathecium hyaline, 10-15 µm thick, with numerous small crystals soluble in KOH. Epihymenium reddish brown, c. 15 µm thick, with crystals (chlarotera-type); pigmentation soluble in KOH. Hymenium hyaline, 60-85 µm thick. Hypothecium and subhymenium hyaline. Paraphyses sparingly branched and thickened apically. Ascospores narrowly ellipsoidal, 14.5-20.5 × 4.5-6.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: Thallus and apothecial margin K+ yellow, ...
Question: which assay for fetal lung maturity using amniotic fluid gives a ratio of surfactant to albumin Answer: For the best response please call us so we can best answer your question ...
Im really glad you guys raised this, John has touched on it several times in interviews and I think that being that able to demonstrate parallax simulation effects would give a massive boost to the whole project; in fact it could be your killer-app. I dont underestimate the importance of the FOV improvements, thats a massive achievement in itself, but combine that with the potential of the tracking implementation and Im really starting to get excited, so forgive me if I go on a bit. Firstly I have to admit Im a complete HMD noob, I tried one in a Uni lab about 15 years ago but the floating TV effect and tiny FOV meant I never really caught the bug. Ive played around with some TrackIR type kit, but like many I was happy with my projector & shutter specs, and have been patiently waiting for those holo-deck contact lenses to arrive ever since ...
"Hyaline Membrane Disease". eMedicine. "National Practitioner Data Bank 2006 Annual Report" (PDF). Zanelli SA. "Hypoxic-Ischemic ... also known as hyaline membrane disease, the most expensive medical condition to treat and the number one cause of infant ... Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition. 91 (6): F454-9. doi:10.1136/adc.2005.092445. PMC 2672766. PMID ... and cyanotic heart disease), and hematological conditions (such as anemia). Conditions such as obesity, nutritional ...
While there, they researched hyaline membrane disease. After a quick visit to Yale School of Medicine, Reynolds returned to the ... Professor Edward Osmund Royle Reynolds" (PDF). Archives of Disease in Childhood. 71 (2): 101-102. 1 August 1994. doi:10.1136/ ...
1987). "Surfactants in Severe Hyaline Membrane Disease". The Lancet. 329 (8540): 1040-1041. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(87)92316-6. ...
Chest x-rays may resemble hyaline membrane disease. A study was done by Hudak to find the differences between transient ...
"Pediatrics: An Infant's Cause of Death: Hyaline Membrane Disease". Time. 16 August 1963. Owen, Dean R. (2013). November 22, ... "Pediatrics: An Infant's Cause of Death: Hyaline Membrane Disease". Time. August 16, 1963. Cheney, Dick (2013). Heart, The Story ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. The development of the first successful LVAD prototype device developed with Thermedics was named " ... "Ascending Aorta pulmonary artery anastromosis for cyanotic congenitial heart disease". Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular ...
81-6. Northway, WH; Rosan, RC; Porter, DY (1967). "Pulmonary disease following respirator therapy of hyaline-membrane disease. ... Where the disease has progressed to the stages requiring surgery, the outcomes are generally good for the treatment of stage 3 ... Where the disease has progressed further, techniques such as scleral buckling and vitrectomy surgery may assist in re-attaching ... The US Food and Drug Administration has warned those suffering from problems such as heart or lung disease not to use oxygen ...
... "hyaline membrane disease". Waxlike layers of hyaline membrane line the collapsed alveoli of the lung. In addition, the lungs ... "Pulmonary disease following respirator therapy of hyaline-membrane disease. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia". The New England ... hyaline membranes. Hyaline membranes are composed of fibrin, cellular debris, red blood cells, rare neutrophils and macrophages ... and previously called hyaline membrane disease (HMD), is a syndrome in premature infants caused by developmental insufficiency ...
"Pulmonary disease following respirator therapy of hyaline-membrane disease. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia". The New England ... Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD; formerly chronic lung disease of infancy) is a chronic lung disease in which premature infants ... The new system offers a better description of underlying pulmonary disease and its severity. Feeding problems are common in ... "Do clinical markers of barotrauma and oxygen toxicity explain interhospital variation in rates of chronic lung disease? The ...
Avery, Mary Ellen (1959-05-01). "Surface Properties in Relation to Atelectasis and Hyaline Membrane Disease". Archives of ... SP-B and SP-C are hydrophobic membrane proteins that increase the rate that surfactant spreads over the surface. SP-B and SP-C ... Molecular Basis of Disease. 1408 (2-3): 90-108. doi:10.1016/S0925-4439(98)00061-1. PMID 9813256. Schürch, Samuel; Bachofen, ... and the role of surfactant in health and disease". Molecular Genetics and Metabolism. 97 (2): 95-101. doi:10.1016/j.ymgme. ...
Shortly after birth, he develops symptoms of hyaline membrane disease, now called infant respiratory distress syndrome. August ...
... previously called hyaline membrane disease). Another problem can be chronic lung disease (previously called bronchopulmonary ... This can lead directly to respiratory distress syndrome, also called hyaline membrane disease, in the neonate. To try to reduce ... thyroid disease, and heart disease. In a number of women anatomical issues prevent the baby from being carried to term. Some ... Women with celiac disease have an increased risk of the development of preterm birth. The risk of preterm birth is more ...
At the time, all that could be done for a baby with hyaline membrane disease was to keep the patient's blood chemistry as close ... Born prematurely, Kennedy lived just over 39 hours before dying from complications of hyaline membrane disease (HMD), after ... Shortly after birth, Kennedy developed symptoms of hyaline membrane disease (HMD), now called infant respiratory distress ... The increased public awareness of HMD led to a corresponding increase in research of the disease, spurring development of new ...
... aspiration pneumonia and hyaline membrane disease.. The operation Timbang that was conducted in 2007 for children of the ... Cardiovascular Disease is the leading cause of deaths in the area with 17. For infants mortality, the dreaded disease were ...
Northway, WH; Rosan, RC; Porter, DY (1967). "Pulmonary disease following respirator therapy of hyaline-membrane disease. ... "American Review of Respiratory Disease. 110 (6 Pt 2): 40-50. doi:10.1164/arrd.1974.110.6P2.40. PMID 4613232.. (subscription ... Where the disease has progressed further, techniques such as scleral buckling and vitrectomy surgery may assist in re-attaching ... Where the disease has progressed to the stages requiring surgery, the outcomes are generally good for the treatment of stage 3 ...
Is due to lack of surfactant, as occurs in hyaline membrane disease of newborn or acute (adult) respiratory distress syndrome ( ... Causes include granulomatous disease, necrotising pneumonia and radiation fibrosis. Chronic atelectasis may take one of two ... argon and traces of other gases). Since oxygen is exchanged at the alveoli-capillary membrane, nitrogen is a major component ... Rounded atelectasis is usually a complication of asbestos-induced disease of the pleura, but it may also result from other ...
His work at Children's spanned many areas, including cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, infant hyaline membrane disease, Eastern ... In 1952, Farber described a lipid storage disease that was subsequently named Farber disease. Farber began raising funds for ... Niemann-Pick and Hand-Schüller-Christian disease". American Journal of Diseases of Children. 84 (4): 499-500. PMID 12975849. " ... These findings promoted Farber as the father of the modern era of chemotherapy for neoplastic disease, having already been ...
There is an similar process which occurs in newborns called hyaline membrane disease, although the preferred term is surfactant ... These hyaline membranes are made up of dead cells, surfactant, and proteins. The hyaline membranes deposit along the walls of ... Hyaline membranes are characteristic of DAD. The edema interferes with the naturally occurring surfactant, which is critical ... The presence of this edema has the following detrimental impacts: The edema contributes to the deposition of a hyaline membrane ...
... also known as hyaline membrane disease (HMD) Also, respiratory distress can mean: Shortness of breath Respiratory failure This ...
... an infectious viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals Hyaline membrane disease, now called infant respiratory distress ... an organic compound Hoof and mouth disease, ...
Hyaline membrane disease is a type of respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn in which there is formation of a hyaline- ... Butterworth-Heinemann Malik, R. (2001) Genetic diseases of cats, Proceedings of ESFM Symposium at BSAVA Congress, Journal of ... like membrane lining the terminal respiratory passages, and this may also be a (rarer) cause of FCKS. Pressure from outside the ... can cause atelectasis as well as obstruction of lung air passages by mucus resulting from various infections and lung diseases ...
... previously known as hyaline membrane disease IMA Mycological Glossary: Hyaline. Hyaline definition in Merriam Webster ... Some mistakenly refer to all hyaline as hyaline cartilage; however, hyaline applies to other material besides the cartilage ... In botany hyaline refers to thin and translucent plant parts, such as the margins of some sepals, bracts and leaves. Hyaline ... Arterial hyaline is seen in aging, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and in association with some drugs (e.g. calcineurin ...
... symptoms are caused by a buildup of a hyaline material in the dermis and the thickening of the basement membranes in the skin. ... The disease is typically not life-threatening and patients do not show a decreased life span. Because Urbach-Wiethe disease is ... Due to its recessive genetic cause and the ability to be a carrier of the disease without symptoms, Urbach-Wiethe disease often ... It also allows doctors to better distinguish between Urbach-Wiethe disease and other similar diseases not caused by mutations ...
Idiopathic PPHN, sepsis, pneumonia, surfactant deficiencies, hyaline membrane disease, pulmonary hypoplasia, acinar dysplasia, ... which might affect disease severity and may permit some to carry the disease with few or no symptoms.[3] ... Alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD) is a rare, congenital diffuse lung disease characterized by abnormal blood vessels in the ... ACD is a rare disease. About 100 cases have been reported.[1] The first case was reported in 1981.[5] ...
The changes in small arterioles include hyaline arteriolosclerosis (deposition of hyaline, collagenous material), which causes ... glomerular collapse (wrinkling and thickening of capillary basement membranes and collapse of capillary lumen) and ... Hypertensive kidney disease is a medical condition referring to damage to the kidney due to chronic high blood pressure. HN can ... Renal Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups. 63, Supplement 83: S17-S21. doi:10.1046/j.1523-1755.63.s83.5.x. " ...
... hyaline membrane disease MeSH C16.614.521.731 - retinopathy of prematurity The list continues at List of MeSH codes (C17).. ... Tay-Sachs disease MeSH C16.320.565.150.435.825.300.300.920 - Tay-Sachs disease, AB variant MeSH C16.320.565.150.435.825.300.400 ... glycogen storage disease type I MeSH C16.320.565.202.449.500 - glycogen storage disease type II MeSH C16.320.565.202.449.510 - ... glycogen storage disease type IV MeSH C16.320.565.202.449.560 - glycogen storage disease type V MeSH C16.320.565.202.449.580 - ...
... the synovial membrane. This membrane contains vessels that provide the cartilage with nutrition through diffusion. Hyaline ... The biochemical breakdown of the articular cartilage results in osteoarthritis - the most common type of joint disease. ... Hyaline cartilage is covered externally by a fibrous membrane known as the perichondrium or, when it's along articulating ... Hyaline cartilage is the glass-like (hyaline) but translucent cartilage found on many joint surfaces. It is also most commonly ...
Excess hyaline basement membrane material is deposited between cells, and there is also acinar atrophy and destruction.[ ... Today Mikulicz's disease is considered to be a subtype of IgG4-related disease, usually accompanied by involvement of one or ... There is a preponderance of this disease in those who suffer from HIV infection.[citation needed] Most cases of benign ... If it was secondary to another disease, such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, lymphoma, and Sjögren's syndrome, the term used was ...
The changes in small arterioles include hyaline arteriolosclerosis (deposition of hyaline, collagenous material),[citation ... tubular atrophy with thickened tubular basement membranes, and fibrous intimal thickening of a small artery (arrow). ... Hypertensive kidney disease. Other names. Hypertensive nephrosclerosis (HN or HNS), hypertensive kidney disease, hypertensive ... "Epidemiology of Hypertensive Kidney Disease".. CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link). *^ Rowe, D J; Bagga, H; Betts, P B ( ...
Hyaline cartilage is present in the bronchi, surrounding the smooth muscle layer. In the main bronchi, the cartilage forms C- ... The cartilage and mucous membrane of the primary bronchi are similar to those in the trachea. They are lined with respiratory ... It can have multiple variations and, although usually asymptomatic, it can be the root cause of pulmonary disease such as a ... As branching continues through the bronchial tree, the amount of hyaline cartilage in the walls decreases until it is absent in ...
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF GRUNTING IN HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from American ... THE SIGNIFICANCE OF GRUNTING IN HYALINE MEMBRANE DISEASE. V. C. Harrison, H. de V. Heese and M. Klein ... Grunting was investigated in 22 infants with hyaline membrane disease. It was demonstrated to be a modified Valsalva maneuver, ...
hyaline membrane disease synonyms, hyaline membrane disease pronunciation, hyaline membrane disease translation, English ... dictionary definition of hyaline membrane disease. n. See respiratory distress syndrome. Noun 1. hyaline membrane disease - an ... acute lung disease of the newborn ; lungs cannot expand because of a wetting... ... hyaline membrane disease. Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. hyaline membrane disease ...
... would result in decreased pulmonary barotrauma in infants with hyaline membrane disease by comparing HFOV at 10 Hz to ... in premature baboons with hyaline membrane disease. Nineteen baboon fetuses were randomized to one of two treatment groups, ... Ventilatory Management of Infant Baboons with Hyaline Membrane Disease: The Use of High Frequency Ventilation1. *R A Delemos. 1 ... Delemos, R., Coalson, J., Gerstmann, D. et al. Ventilatory Management of Infant Baboons with Hyaline Membrane Disease: The Use ...
... developed hyaline membrane disease (HMD), and died with chronic lung disease. They were divided into three groups. In group 1 ... Pulmonary vascular damage and the development of cor pulmonale following hyaline membrane disease.. Hislop AA1, Haworth SG. ... does not mean advanced obliterative pulmonary vascular disease. Thus, pulmonary vascular morphology does not correlate with the ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease/Respiratory Distress Syndrome. What is hyaline membrane disease?. Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), more ... The course of illness with hyaline membrane disease depends on the size and gestational age of the baby, the severity of the ... These cells are called hyaline membranes. The baby works harder and harder at breathing, trying to re-inflate the collapsed ... Babies with RDS sometimes develop complications of the disease or problems as side effects of treatment. As with any disease, ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease) at Boston Childrens Hospital. ... Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Hyaline Membrane Disease ...
Children - Hyaline Membrane Disease. What is respiratory distress syndrome in premature babies?. What is respiratory distress ... Learn More about Children - Hyaline Membrane Disease. Vidant Health can connect you to health care professionals to help you ... As with any disease, more severe cases often have greater risks for complications. Some complications of RDS include:. *Lungs ... Chronic lung disease (bronchopulmonary dysplasia). How can RDS in premature babies be prevented?. Preventing a premature birth ...
Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. ... Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. ...
Also studied were 38 age matched children who had had hyaline membrane disease but had not required ventilation, 25 unmatched ... Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. ... Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. ... Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease. Gastroenteritis. Gastrointestinal Diseases. Digestive System Diseases. Intestinal Diseases. Obstetric ... Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Hyaline Membrane Disease Necrotizing Enterocolitis of Newborn Dietary ... Lung Diseases. Respiratory Tract Diseases. Respiration Disorders. Infant, Premature, Diseases. Infant, Newborn, Diseases. ... The Effect of β-Carotene, Vitamin D3 and Zinc on Hyaline Membrane Disease and Feeding Intolerance in Premature Neonates. The ...
Pulmonary Hyaline Membranes, Aspiration and Pneumonia Message subject: (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Archives of ... Disease in Childhood Message body: (Your Name) thought you would like to see this page from the Archives of Disease in ...
The obstetrical and perinatal histories of 100 mothers who had had at least one infant with hyaline membrane disease (HMD), ... oa South African Medical Journal - Is hyaline membrane disease a familial condition * Navigate this Journal ... The obstetrical and perinatal histories of 100 mothers who had had at least one infant with hyaline membrane disease (HMD), ... Keyword(s) : Familial condition, Genetics, Hyaline membrane disease and Obstetrics and gynaecology ...
... cardiac and musculoskeletal diseases containing hundreds of lectures, quizzes, hand-out notes, interactive material, most ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. Diffuse ground-glass appearance to both lungs with a left-sided tension pneumothorax and ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. Diffuse ground-glass appearance to both lungs with multiple air bronchograms (black arrows). An ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. Diffuse ground-glass appearance to both lungs with hypoaeration and multiple air bronchograms. ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease / Respiratory DistressSyndrome. What is hyaline membrane disease?. Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), ... The course of illness with hyaline membrane disease depends on the size and gestational age of the baby, the severity of the ... These cells are called hyaline membranes. The baby works harder and harder at breathing, trying to re-inflate the collapsed ... Babies with RDS sometimes develop complications of the disease or problems as side effects of treatment. As with any disease, ...
Flow and protein concentration of lymph from lungs of lambs developing hyaline membrane disease. ... Flow and protein concentration of lymph from lungs of lambs developing hyaline membrane disease. ...
Is there a safe mean airways pressure in preterm babies with hyaline membrane disease: an echocardiographic retrospective ...
Extreme Hyaline membrane disease - Signs and symptoms. Just what ended up the actual indication of the one you have, and also ... ARDS is part of serious as well as soft problems for the alveolar consonant-capillary tubing membrane (the environment sacs ...
Hyaline membrane disease. Hyaline membrane disease. Introduction. Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS) happens when a ... surfactant deficiency lung disease (SDLD) Despite having a similar name, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) isnt ...
Bronchial Diseases. Carbon Dioxide. Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood. Hyaline Membrane Disease. Lung Diseases. Dioxygen. ... Hyaline membrane disease. Telling it like it was. (opens in new tab) ... The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the ... Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ...
6 infants (860-4000 gm) with respiratory failure associated with other diseases who were maintained on a ventilator for 1-2 ... 7 ½ days had no apparent pulmonary disease 18, 27, 30 days after extubation. ... still had evidence of pulmonary disease 2-18 months after extubation. 3 infants (1700-2500 g) who received intensive pulmonary ... Residual Pulmonary Findings in Clinical Hyaline-Membrane Disease *Frank M. Shepard. *, Richard B. Johnston ...
Learn in-depth the risks, symptoms, prevention and treatment of Hyaline Membrane Disease. ... Hyaline Membrane disease occurs mostly in premature infants. It occurs in about 60 to 80 percent of babies born before 28 weeks ... Hyaline Membrane Disease(HMD). HMD occurs when there is not enough chemical substance called surfactant in the lungs. ... The course of illness with HMD depends on the size and gestational age of the baby, the severity of the disease, the presence ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease; RDS). by Laurie Rosenblum, MPH. Definition. Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) occurs most often in ...
An infant of 32 weeks gestation was separated from her mother at birth for treatment of hyaline membrane disease and, on ... Seventy-three premature infants with hyaline membrane disease (HMD) (stage III-IV), also known as respiratory distress syndrome ... Hyperoxic lung injury is pathologically characterized by alveolar edema, interlobular septal edema, hyaline membrane disease, ... Synovial chrondomatosis is a rare disorder characterised by the development of hyaline cartilage from the synovial membrane. ...
"Hyaline Membrane Disease." Quick Medical Diagnosis & Treatment Pediatrics Hay, Jr WW, Levin MJ, Deterding RR, Abzug MJ. Hay, Jr ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. In: Hay, Jr WW, Levin MJ, Deterding RR, Abzug MJ. Hay, Jr W.W., Levin M.J., Deterding R.R., Abzug M.J ... As the disease evolves, proteins that inhibit surfactant function leak into the air spaces, making surfactant replacement less ...
Definition of hyaline membrane syndrome. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... Synonym(s): hyaline membrane disease of the newborn. Further information. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the ...
... high Hydramnios Hypertension home birth Human Chorionic Gonadotropin hCG hemorrhoids heartburn Hyaline Membrane Disease. ... Hyaline Membrane Disease. Hyaline Membrane Disease is a respiratory disease that occurs in newborns (usually premature). ...
Hyaline Membrane Disease). By Arcangela Lattari Balest , MD, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine ... From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health ... if the membranes have ruptured). The surfactant level helps doctors determine the best time to deliver the fetus. The risk of ...
Hyaline-membrane disease.. Pender CB.. N Engl J Med. 1971 Oct 7;285(15):861. No abstract available. ... Elevated plasma cell membrane glycoprotein levels and diminished insulin receptor autophosphorylation in obese, insulin- ...
II Hyaline membrane disease P220. Code Q336, since the duration and age are the same indicating the condition was congenital. ... Parkinson Disease (G20). Advanced Parkinson Disease (G2000). Grave Parkinson Disease (G2000). Severe Parkinson Disease (G2000) ... Korsakov Disease, Psychosis, or Syndrome (F106). Code F04 (Nonalcoholic Korsakovs disease, psychosis, or syndrome) ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC twenty four seven. Saving Lives, Protecting People ...
  • In the neonatal period, pulmonary oedema is often mistaken for primary pulmonary pathology such as surfactant deficiency syndrome ( hyaline membrane disease ), transient tachypnea of the newborn or infection on chest radiographs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • But there is still different outcomes and severity of disease in preterm newborn receiving the same dose of antenatal steroid therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Diseases associated with PCYT1B include Newborn Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Western Equine Encephalitis . (genecards.org)
  • The obstetrical and perinatal histories of 100 mothers who had had at least one infant with hyaline membrane disease (HMD), were investigated. (journals.co.za)
  • An infant of 32 weeks gestation was separated from her mother at birth for treatment of hyaline membrane disease and, on recovery, was cared for by adoptive parents. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Babies that do not have enough surfactant to breathe normally at birth are said to have infant respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) or hyaline membrane disease (HMD). (encyclopedia.com)
  • They diagnosed her with Hyaline Membrane Disease, now known as Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome. (edu.au)
  • Grunting was investigated in 22 infants with hyaline membrane disease. (aappublications.org)
  • Abstract: We tested the hypothesis that high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) would result in decreased pulmonary barotrauma in infants with hyaline membrane disease by comparing HFOV at 10 Hz to conventional positive pressure ventilation with continual distending airway pressure (PPV/PEEP) in premature baboons with hyaline membrane disease. (nature.com)
  • Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a common and serious complication of mechanical ventilation in infants with hyaline membrane disease . (bvsalud.org)
  • We studied the incidence and risk factors of PIE and associated risk factors which progress to pneumothorax in mechanically ventilated infants with hyaline membrane disease . (bvsalud.org)
  • Histological appearance of normal alveoli (a) and alveoli affected by disease. (els.net)
  • Alveoli lined by fibrosis with inflammatory cells - produce hyaline membrane. (brainscape.com)
  • 3. a homogeneous eosinophilic membrane lining alveolar ducts and alveoli, frequently found at autopsy of infants that were preterm. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Prolonged exposure to above-normal oxygen partial pressures, or shorter exposures to very high partial pressures, can cause oxidative damage to cell membranes , collapse of the alveoli in the lungs, retinal detachment , and seizures . (wikipedia.org)
  • ARDS is part of serious as well as soft problems for the alveolar consonant-capillary tubing membrane (the environment sacs along with compact bloodstream) of the bronchi. (global-medicalsearch.com)
  • The formation of hyaline membranes grossly distorts the delicate alveolar architecture. (els.net)
  • There is diffuse alveolar damage with formation of hyaline membrane. (brainscape.com)
  • alveolar-capillary membrane ( alveolocapillary membrane ) a thin tissue barrier through which gases are exchanged between the alveolar air and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chest radiographs were reviewed for hyaline membrane disease , PIE, pneumothorax by a pediatric radiologist without knowledge of their clinical course . (bvsalud.org)
  • Although nivolumab is known to cause immune-related interstitial lung diseases (ILD), the detailed characteristics of ILD are still not fully understood. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Hereditary lung diseases can affect the airways (asthma, COPD, cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia), parenchyma (pulmonary fibrosis, Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome and, tuberous sclerosis) and vasculature (hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia) of the lung. (els.net)
  • I do not know if you know this, but in those days very few universities or medical schools had a division of respiratory disease or of lung diseases as it might have been called then. (nih.gov)
  • Recent data suggest a role for one or more infectious agents in the following chronic diseases: chronic lung diseases (including asthma), cardiovascular disease, and cancer. (cdc.gov)
  • In contrast, however, several large clinical trials in which much higher fetal corticosteroid exposure occurred showed benefit, with less severe lung disease and no increased risks. (medscape.com)
  • Risk factors for the development of meningitis include low birth weight (below 2500 g), premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes , traumatic delivery, fetal hypoxia and maternal peripartum infection. (tripdatabase.com)
  • Called also fetal membranes . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • fetal m's extraembryonic membranes . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The critical issues related to thyroid disease revolve around the stresses the hypermetabolic state places on the mother, the risk of thyroid storm, which can be triggered by infection, stroke, diabetic ketoacidosis, surgery and drug therapy, the severe effects of hypothyroidism on fetal development (especially the brain), and the cardiac and neurologic effects of alternations in thyroid function. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Hyaline membrane disease is primarily a disorder of preterm infants . (bvsalud.org)
  • The disease results from the impact of different risk factors on the undeveloped neonatal lung and is associated with a significantly increased risk for pulmonary and neurologic impairment persisting into adulthood in the cohort of formerly preterm infants ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a serious pulmonary disease which occurs in preterm infants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Respiratory symptoms during the three years before the study and the frequency of clinically diagnosed asthma in patients and their family were similar in all the children with hyaline membrane disease irrespective of whether they had been ventilated or had had bronchopulmonary dysplasia. (bmj.com)
  • Neonatal chronic lung disease, i.e., bronchopulmonary dysplasia, is characterized by impaired pulmonary development resulting from the impact of different risk factors including infections, hyperoxia, and mechanical ventilation on the immature lung. (frontiersin.org)
  • The neonatal form of chronic lung disease (CLD), also known as bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), is one of the most common forms of CLD in early infancy. (frontiersin.org)
  • Denne oversiktsartikkelen er basert på søk i PubMed på søkeordet «bronchopulmonary dysplasia» og en grundig gjennomgang av utvalgte artikler med hovedvekt på etiologi, profylakse og behandling samt nye diagnostiske kriterier. (tidsskriftet.no)
  • Hyaline membrane disease, now commonly called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and feeding intolerance, which can lead to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), are two key morbidities found in premature neonates which resulted in high mortality rate in Indonesia. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The neonates outcomes, hyaline membrane disease and feeding intolerance, will be assessed for maximum period of 4 weeks by doctor who in charge in NICU. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Caption: FIGURE 1: Chest radiographs of neonate showing features of hyaline membrane disease on day 1 of life and typical features of left upper lobe congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) on day 25 of life. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hyaline membrane disease in a term neonate. (bvsalud.org)
  • Hyaline Membrane Disease (neonatal respiratory distress syndrome) was the main cause of death at birth for all the years studied. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cyanosis is the medical term for a bluish color of the skin and the mucous membranes due to an insufficient level of oxygen in the blood. (medicinenet.com)
  • impaired oral mucous membrane a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as disruptions of the lips and soft tissue of the oral cavity. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Changes in the integrity and health of the oral mucous membrane can occur as a characteristic of such medical disorders as periodontal disease, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, oral cancer, and infection with herpes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Nares are the opening into the nose and is where nasal cavity is lined with cilia, mucous membrane and consists of blood filled capillaries. (edu.au)
  • Similar to ARDS in dogs, this disease in CATTLE produces hyaline membranes. (sporcle.com)
  • As a result of increased respiratory tract resistance and hyper-reactive airways, episodic bronchoconstriction and cyanosis can be observed ( 11 ), with early lung function impairment indicating more severe disease at term ( 12 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • On the other extreme, the chapter on hyaline membrane disease describe outcome in Indian children, quoting on unconnected American Academy of Pediatrics reference. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A number of infectious agents that cause or contribute to neoplastic diseases in humans have been documented in the past 6 years. (cdc.gov)
  • Lung function 8-18 years after intermittent positive pressure ventilation for hyaline membrane disease. (bmj.com)
  • Hyaline Membrane Disease is a respiratory disease that occurs in newborns (usually premature). (surebaby.com)
  • Mycoplasmas may cause chronic lung disease in newborns and chronic asthma in adults, and Chlamydia pneumoniae , a recently identified common cause of acute respiratory infection, has been associated with atherosclerosis. (cdc.gov)
  • The US Food and Drug Administration has warned those suffering from problems such as heart or lung disease not to use oxygen bars. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the study by Clark et al, [6] the majority of cases were hyaline membrane disease followed by meconium aspiration syndrome. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hyaline membrane disease (HMD), more commonly called respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), is one of the most common problems of premature babies. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Such conditions include simple monogenic disorders such as Kartagener syndrome and α1‐antitrypsin, wherein mutations of critical genes are sufficient to induce well‐defined disease phenotypes. (els.net)
  • Some Folliculin gene mutations appear to cause only the cystic lung disease without other features of Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome, as in the case illustrated. (els.net)
  • Syndrome (RDS) (hyaline membrane disease) in premature infants. (globalrph.com)
  • Also studied were 38 age matched children who had had hyaline membrane disease but had not required ventilation, 25 unmatched children who were born prematurely but did not develop hyaline membrane disease, and 39 randomly selected pupils of similar age. (bmj.com)
  • A case-control study comparing the three cases and nine infants randomly selected from infants in the neonatal intensive care unit during the outbreak showed the following variables to be significantly associated with case-infants: younger gestational age (less than 26 weeks), hyaline membrane disease, duration of ventilation, duration of antimicrobial therapy, and the presence of a Broviac catheter. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Even significant improvements in perinatal care including surfactant treatment, administration of antenatal corticosteroids, and improvement of invasive and non-invasive ventilation strategies could not significantly alter the incidence of long-term sequelae associated with the disease in the most immature infants ( 8 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • As with any disease, more severe cases often have greater risks for complications. (southerngem.in)
  • The course of illness with hyaline membrane disease depends on the size and gestational age of the baby, the severity of the disease, the presence of infection, whether or not a baby has a patent ductus arteriosus (a heart condition), and whether or not the baby needs mechanical help to breathe. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Diagnosis of hyaline membrane disease was revealed at autopsy . (bvsalud.org)
  • Early diagnosis of PIE and prompt lowering of peak inspiratory pressure should be emphasized to improve the survival and outcome of mechanically ventilated hyaline membrane diasease infants . (bvsalud.org)
  • The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. (medindia.net)
  • Importantly, the identification of causative genes has also enabled prenatal diagnosis and genetic counselling to be introduced for many diseases. (els.net)
  • Theoretically, chronic inflammatory diseases currently of unknown etiology could result from three different types of pathogens: 1) those that are fastidious and previously recognized but because of their fastidiousness or lack of appreciation of their disease-producing potential are not included in the differential diagnosis, and 2) infectious agents previously not recognized that therefore go undetected. (cdc.gov)
  • Light microscopic morphometric techniques have been used to study the lungs in 17 infants and young children aged 2 weeks to 3.5 years who were born prematurely, developed hyaline membrane disease (HMD), and died with chronic lung disease. (nih.gov)
  • Flow and protein concentration of lymph from lungs of lambs developing hyaline membrane disease. (bmj.com)
  • The disease is mainly caused by a lack of a slippery substance in the lungs called surfactant. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Chest x-ray -- shows a "ground glass" appearance to the lungs that is typical of the disease. (medlineplus.gov)
  • More severe disease or immaturity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Cicatrization atelectasis results from diminution of volume as a sequela of severe parenchymal scarring and is usually caused by granulomatous disease or necrotizing pneumonia. (medscape.com)
  • 28 days, or beyond 36 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA), the disease can be classified into three different severity grades (mild, moderate, severe) ( 1 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Prevention of breathing disorders is impossible, as this is an unpredictable complication of severe brain and whole organism diseases (craniocerebral trauma, poisoning, metabolic disorders). (rxmed.com)
  • Several studies have identified prematurity, chronic lung disease, congenital heart disease, immunodeficiency and other pre-existing co-morbidities as significant risk factors for severe RSV infection among children [4-7]. (indmedica.com)
  • Pulmonary vascular damage and the development of cor pulmonale following hyaline membrane disease. (nih.gov)
  • conversely, CP if present, does not mean advanced obliterative pulmonary vascular disease. (nih.gov)
  • Utero-placental hypoxia is associated with abnormal placental implantation, impaired vascular remodeling and vascular diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Role of membrane lipids in the pulmonary vascular abnormalities caused by bacterial toxins. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Monarch's tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. (nih.gov)
  • Powerful diagnostic technology, plus the realization that organisms of otherwise unimpressive virulence can produce slowly progressive chronic disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and disease outcomes, has resulted in the discovery of new infectious agents and new concepts of infectious diseases. (cdc.gov)
  • HIV has demonstrated the ability of infectious agents to produce slowly progressive, chronic disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and disease outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • Although most babies with RDS are premature, other factors can influence the chances of developing the disease. (stlouischildrens.org)
  • Although most babies with RDS are premature, other things can raise the risk of getting the disease. (vidanthealth.com)
  • 8 infants (1700-2020 g) maintained on a respirator for 5 to 17 days but not receiving intensive pulmonary physiotherapy, still had evidence of pulmonary disease 2-18 months after extubation. (nature.com)
  • 3 infants (1700-2500 g) who received intensive pulmonary drainage after being on the respirator for 2 ½, 6 ½, 7 ½ days had no apparent pulmonary disease 18, 27, 30 days after extubation. (nature.com)
  • Before that, Bob Williams knew that it was important to teach pulmonary disease, and I suppose this was why he invited me to come over to the United States and offered me a position to be part of the nucleus. (nih.gov)
  • [14] Hyperoxia can also indirectly cause carbon dioxide narcosis in patients with lung ailments such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or with central respiratory depression. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is these polymers which then tangle in the endoplasmic reticulum to cause inclusions that result in liver disease. (els.net)
  • Liver disease. (brainscape.com)
  • The demonstration that final outcome of infection is as much determined by the genetic background of the patient as by the genetic makeup of the infecting agent is indicating that a number of chronic diseases of unknown etiology are caused by one or more infectious agents. (cdc.gov)
  • Increased understanding of the body's defense mechanisms and the demonstration that final outcome of infection is as much determined by the genetic background of the host as by the genetic makeup of the infecting agent suggest that a number of chronic diseases of unknown etiology may be caused by an infectious agent. (cdc.gov)
  • Her perinatal course was complicated by intraventricular hemorrhage and hyaline membrane disease. (lww.com)
  • Pulmonary manifestations can be the presenting feature of several important inherited diseases. (els.net)
  • 6 infants (860-4000 gm) with respiratory failure associated with other diseases who were maintained on a ventilator for 1-2 days and who were also treated with intensive suctioning following extubation, recovered promptly. (nature.com)
  • The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. (meta.org)
  • Pulmonary programs and pulmonary teaching was either in infectious diseases or in the divisions of allergy. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, increasing evidences suggest that genetic variations of the host response can influence the outcome of some infectious diseases such as RSV -induced bronchiolitis. (indmedica.com)
  • The association and causal role of infectious agents in chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer have major implications for public health, treatment, and prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The belief that infectious agents are a cause of chronic inflammatory diseases of unknown etiology and of cancer is not new. (cdc.gov)
  • Few areas of research hold greater promise of contributing to our understanding of infectious diseases and the eventual relief of human suffering. (cdc.gov)
  • Physiology of Respiratory System Internal devices Congenital Hereditary Inflammatory Diffuse Lung disease. (slideserve.com)
  • diphtheritic membrane the peculiar false membrane characteristic of diphtheria, formed by coagulation necrosis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Adams FH, Fujiwara T, Emmanouilides G, Raiha N (1970) Lung phospholipid of human fetuses and infants with and without hyaline membrane disease. (springer.com)
  • Bowman's membrane a thin layer of basement membrane between the outer layer of stratified epithelium and the substantia propria of the cornea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2. basement membrane . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Diseases associated with COQ4 include Coenzyme Q10 Deficiency, Primary, 7 and Coq4-Related Coenzyme Q10 Deficiency . (genecards.org)
  • hemodialyzer membrane the semipermeable membrane that filters the blood in a hemodialyzer , commonly made of cuprophane, cellulose acetate, polyacrylonitrile, polymethyl methacrylate, or polysulfone. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Moreover, there is increasing evidence that genetic variation of the host response can influence the outcome of some infec-tious diseases [11,12]. (indmedica.com)