Serial Learning: Learning to make a series of responses in exact order.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Discrimination Learning: Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.Avoidance Learning: A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.Verbal Learning: Learning to respond verbally to a verbal stimulus cue.Reversal Learning: Any situation where an animal or human is trained to respond differentially to two stimuli (e.g., approach and avoidance) under reward and punishment conditions and subsequently trained under reversed reward values (i.e., the approach which was previously rewarded is punished and vice versa).Memory: Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.Probability Learning: Usually refers to the use of mathematical models in the prediction of learning to perform tasks based on the theory of probability applied to responses; it may also refer to the frequency of occurrence of the responses observed in the particular study.Conditioning, Classical: Learning that takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Artificial Intelligence: Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Motor Skills: Performance of complex motor acts.Neuronal Plasticity: The capacity of the NERVOUS SYSTEM to change its reactivity as the result of successive activations.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Conditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Transfer (Psychology): Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).Retention (Psychology): The persistence to perform a learned behavior (facts or experiences) after an interval has elapsed in which there has been no performance or practice of the behavior.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Hippocampus: A curved elevation of GRAY MATTER extending the entire length of the floor of the TEMPORAL HORN of the LATERAL VENTRICLE (see also TEMPORAL LOBE). The hippocampus proper, subiculum, and DENTATE GYRUS constitute the hippocampal formation. Sometimes authors include the ENTORHINAL CORTEX in the hippocampal formation.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Practice (Psychology): Performance of an act one or more times, with a view to its fixation or improvement; any performance of an act or behavior that leads to learning.Serial Passage: Inoculation of a series of animals or in vitro tissue with an infectious bacterium or virus, as in VIRULENCE studies and the development of vaccines.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Memory Disorders: Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.Paired-Associate Learning: Learning in which the subject must respond with one word or syllable when presented with another word or syllable.Reward: An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.Reinforcement (Psychology): The strengthening of a conditioned response.Feedback, Psychological: A mechanism of information stimulus and response that may control subsequent behavior, cognition, perception, or performance. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Cognition: Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Neuropsychological Tests: Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Flurazepam: A benzodiazepine derivative used mainly as a hypnotic.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Task Performance and Analysis: The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Heat Exhaustion: A clinical syndrome caused by heat stress, such as over-exertion in a hot environment or excessive exposure to sun. It is characterized by SWEATING, water (volume) depletion, salt depletion, cool clammy skin, NAUSEA, and HEADACHE.
  • I want to understand the processes underpinning human motivation, particularly in situations with competing goals, for example wanting a cigarette to satisfy craving now but wanting to quit and be healthier in the future. (plymouth.ac.uk)
  • Forensic professionals interested in learning about developing forensic DNA tools and processes are invited to join scientists, law enforcement professionals and forensic experts at the 26th International Symposium on Human Identification (ISHI), October 12-15, 2015, in Grapevine, Texas. (businesswire.com)
  • Attention to cognitive processes came about more than eighteen centuries earlier, however, beginning with Aristotle (384-322 BC) and his interest in the inner workings of the mind and how they affect the human experience. (wikipedia.org)
  • This framework suggests that statistical learning arises from a set of processes that are inherent in memory systems, including activation, interference, integration of information and forgetting (e.g. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • A comparison between the recognition abilities of humans and the synergetic computer sheds new light on possible models of mental processes. (springer.com)
  • This study aimed to develop a method to study motor control in unpredictable movements and to gain more insight in the motor learning processes by studying non-choreographed movements instead of the frequently researched choreographed (i.e. predictable) movement patterns. (ugent.be)
  • The book opens with a historical survey of the methods that have been used to study animal intelligence, and follows by summarizing the contribution made by learning processes to intelligent behaviour. (nhbs.com)
  • Parallel and serial processes of the prefrontal and cingulate cortical systems during behavioral learning. (saladgaffe.ml)
  • One possible explanation for this is that executive dysfunction in Fmr1 KO mice, similar to humans with FXS, is only evident when cognitive demands are high. (ovid.com)
  • First, Fmr1 KOs committed significantly more learning-type errors during the second reversal stage, but only under high cognitive load. (ovid.com)
  • Though Wundt's contributions are by no means minimal, modern psychologists find his methods to be quite subjective and choose to rely on more objective procedures of experimentation to make conclusions about the human cognitive process. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850-1909) conducted cognitive studies that mainly examined the function and capacity of human memory. (wikipedia.org)
  • From this perspective, statistical learning does not involve explicit computation of statistics, but rather the extraction of elements of the input into memory traces, and subsequent integration across those memory traces that emphasize consistent information (Thiessen and Pavlik 2013 Cognitive Science 37 , 310-343). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Although self-efficacy originally was used to help explain coping behaviors in fearful situations, its use has beenextended to other con- texts, including cognitive-skill learning (Schunk. (coursehero.com)
  • YALE PSYCHOLOGIST Carl Hovland made singularly important contributions to experimental, social, and cognitive psychology (focusing respectively on human learning, attitude change, and concept acquisition). (nap.edu)
  • Most research so far has focused on sequence-learning tasks, assuming that they share cognitive mechanisms with language processing. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • ANNs can crush human opponents in games such as chess and Go, but along most dimensions-language, reasoning, common sense-they cannot approach the cognitive capabilities of a four-year old. (nature.com)
  • Met het online abonnement heeft u toegang tot een groot aantal boeken, protocollen, vaktijdschriften en e-learnings op het gebied van psychologie en psychiatrie. (bsl.nl)
  • 2019. Human pluripotent stem cell-derived striatal interneurons: differentiation and maturation in vitro and in the rat brain . (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • 2017. Is there a place for human fetal-derived stem cells for cell replacement therapy in Huntington's disease? . (cardiff.ac.uk)
  • The serial murderer Jeffrey Dahmer would go to bars in Milwaukee , Wisconsin , and pick up young men, sometimes telling them he was a photographer and luring them back to his apartment with an offer of money to be his model. (encyclopedia.com)
  • notorious people with this disorder is Jeffrey Dahmer, a serial killer and necrophiliac whose sexual nature and gruesome offenses captured the nation's attention (Talbott, n.d. (bartleby.com)
  • His research interests are in Sound and Music Computing (SMC), and mainly concern algorithms for sound synthesis and processing, non-speech sound in human-computer interfaces, multimodal interaction. (ugent.be)
  • Here we present a label-free method for evaluating cellular drug responses only by high-throughput bright-field imaging with the aid of machine learning algorithms. (nature.com)
  • Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have undergone a revolution, catalyzed by better supervised learning algorithms. (nature.com)
  • Here we argue that most animal behavior is not the result of clever learning algorithms-supervised or unsupervised-but is encoded in the genome. (nature.com)
  • It is clear Shane has poured his life and soul in Farnam Street and so I wanted to collect portions of the best learnings I have taken away over the years so that others could enjoy them as well. (medium.com)
  • It is so important that beer makers have learned to collect the yeast from the fermented liquid and reuse it in the next round. (technologyreview.com)
  • The optimal strategy is to collect serial sections containing all circuit elements and image them at nanometer resolution. (elifesciences.org)
  • Using a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm, Experiment 1 explored whether certain semantic categories of websites (i.e., news, search, shopping, and social networks/blogs) could be detected within a RSVP stream of web page stimuli. (springer.com)
  • Mood was induced by the target stimuli being pictures of human faces expressing happiness (positive mood condition) or sadness (negative mood condition). (uib.no)
  • During my talk I will provide insights in accelerated learning and show methods to appeal to different kinds of learners, to keep participation high and to improve training results. (sans.org)
  • Comparing the number and composition of the principal components between experienced and novice performers, as well as before and after the training period in novice performers, provided insights into the relevant factors affecting motor learning in the context of theater performance. (ugent.be)
  • Maintenance of new synapses formed at the time of learning upon neuronal network activation depends on the stress hormone-activated glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and neurotrophic factor release. (pnas.org)
  • Here, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure regional variations of temporal sensitivity along the human ventral visual stream. (jneurosci.org)
  • Wallace DG, Choudhry S, Martin MM (2006).Comparative analysis of movement characteristics during dead reckoning based navigation in humans (Homo Sapiens) and rats (Rattus Norvegicus). (niu.edu)
  • To understand their adaptation capability, we examined the genetic changes that occurred following 15 serial passages of two influenza B viruses, B/Brisbane/60/2008 and B/Victoria/504/2000, in human epithelial cells. (flu.org.cn)
  • The British author John Brody first used the term in 1966, and the National Institute of Justice defined serial murder in 1988 as "a series of 2 or more murders, committed as separate events, usually, but not always, by one offender acting alone" (Newton 2000, p. 205). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Serial" is currently releasing its third season, and "Making a Murderer: Part 2" recently debuted on Netflix. (boundless.org)
  • Encoded in the large, highly evolved sensory and motor portions of the human brain is a billion years of experience about the nature of the world and how to survive in it. (nature.com)
  • generalization is a widespread human bias, which means a lot of our understanding of the world actually is based on extrapolations made from relatively small sample sizes. (medium.com)
  • Haugeland, 1985) The automation of activities that we associate with human thinking, activities such as decision-making, problem solving, learning (Bellman, 1978) Systems that think rationally The study of mental faculties through the use of computational models. (powershow.com)
  • On neural correlates of individual differences in novel grammar learning: An fMRI study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • One scientific study has found that 30 bird species and 29 mammal species share the same pattern of pitch and speed in basic messages, so humans and those 59 species can understand each other when they express "aggression, hostility, appeasement, approachability, submission and fear. (wikipedia.org)
  • The results of this study demonstrate that website schemas or conceptualizations provided sufficient information to distinguish between different types of websites under rapid serial visual presentation. (springer.com)
  • In this study, we evaluated deep learning networks for predicting clinical outcomes through analyzing time series CT images of patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). (cdc.gov)
  • 1985). In the present study, we tested some predictions of the self-efficacy model with learning disabled students, who perform below their measured abilities but do not possess intellectual deficits. (coursehero.com)
  • Learning Rhythmic Saccades: An fMRI-Study on Timing. (mpg.de)
  • Learning Serial Order of Interval, Spatial and Object Information: An fMRI-Study on Sequencing. (mpg.de)
  • This Service Learning and Research course is the study of the Spanish-speaking population in a specific region. (uncw.edu)
  • Results showed a significant interaction between mood and RSI on the amount of learning: At RSI-500 there was a trend for negative mood to facilitate learning. (uib.no)
  • Murray Goldberg was a tenured faculty member in the department of Computer Science at the University of British Columbia, when he left to become the president and founder of WebCT, a company which grew to be the world's leading learning management system (LMS), serving 14 million students in 80 countries at 4,000 universities and colleges. (cips.ca)
  • Whether and how concurrent GR and neurotrophin signaling integrate to modulate synaptic plasticity and learning is not fully understood. (pnas.org)
  • Resolving patterns of synaptic connectivity in neural circuits currently requires serial section electron microscopy. (elifesciences.org)
  • It shows that the effects which were taken as evidence for chunk learning can indeed be obtained before any systematic training and thus surely reflect a preexistent tendency rather than a learned outcome. (bsl.nl)
  • Although executive dysfunction is consistently found in humans with FXS, evidence of executive dysfunction in Fmr1 KO mice, a mouse model of FXS, has been inconsistent. (ovid.com)
  • We present evidence that nicotine interferes with catecholamine and brainstem autonomic nuclei development during the prenatal period of the rodent (equivalent to first and second trimester of the human), alters the neocortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum during the early postnatal period (third trimester of the human), and influences limbic system and late monoamine maturation during adolescence. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Whereas tobacco smoke contains over four thousand chemicals ( US Dept. of Health and Human Services, 1989 ), there is substantial evidence that nicotine, the main psychoactive ingredient, exerts neurotoxic effects on developing brain. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Among the awards Collins has received are a special commendation from the Department of Treasury for his forensic work in the tragic serial bombings in Atlanta, which authorities learned were associated with the bombing of the 1996 Olympics in the same city. (science20.com)
  • In recent years, professionals in the field of learning disabilities have begun to address the impact of learning disabilities on adolescents and young adults. (ku.edu)
  • ERIC provides ready access to education literature to augment American education by increasing and facilitating the use of educational research and information to improve practice in learning, teaching, educational decision-making, and research. (uncw.edu)
  • The third application domain is technology-augmented music education: activities at LIM focus on embodied learning approaches to aid the teaching of music harmony, music genres, and so on. (ugent.be)
  • Their existence has been suggested by generative linguists to be one of the major challenges for empirically based approaches to language [ 4 ], as they may point to the limits of human language processing. (royalsocietypublishing.org)