Human Engineering: The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Protein Engineering: Procedures by which protein structure and function are changed or created in vitro by altering existing or synthesizing new structural genes that direct the synthesis of proteins with sought-after properties. Such procedures may include the design of MOLECULAR MODELS of proteins using COMPUTER GRAPHICS or other molecular modeling techniques; site-specific mutagenesis (MUTAGENESIS, SITE-SPECIFIC) of existing genes; and DIRECTED MOLECULAR EVOLUTION techniques to create new genes.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Metabolic Engineering: Methods and techniques used to genetically modify cells' biosynthetic product output and develop conditions for growing the cells as BIOREACTORS.Biomedical Engineering: Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.Tissue Scaffolds: Cell growth support structures composed of BIOCOMPATIBLE MATERIALS. They are specially designed solid support matrices for cell attachment in TISSUE ENGINEERING and GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION uses.Biocompatible Materials: Synthetic or natural materials, other than DRUGS, that are used to replace or repair any body TISSUES or bodily function.Bioengineering: The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.Cell Engineering: Methods and techniques used to modify or select cells and develop conditions for growing cells for biosynthetic production of molecules (METABOLIC ENGINEERING), for generation of tissue structures and organs in vitro (TISSUE ENGINEERING), or for other BIOENGINEERING research objectives.Chemical EngineeringBioartificial Organs: Artificial organs that are composites of biomaterials and cells. The biomaterial can act as a membrane (container) as in BIOARTIFICIAL LIVER or a scaffold as in bioartificial skin.Hydrogels: Water swollen, rigid, 3-dimensional network of cross-linked, hydrophilic macromolecules, 20-95% water. They are used in paints, printing inks, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Synthetic Biology: A field of biological research combining engineering in the formulation, design, and building (synthesis) of novel biological structures, functions, and systems.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Regenerative Medicine: A field of medicine concerned with developing and using strategies aimed at repair or replacement of damaged, diseased, or metabolically deficient organs, tissues, and cells via TISSUE ENGINEERING; CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and ARTIFICIAL ORGANS and BIOARTIFICIAL ORGANS and tissues.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Bioreactors: Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Biomimetic Materials: Materials fabricated by BIOMIMETICS techniques, i.e., based on natural processes found in biological systems.Nanofibers: Submicron-sized fibers with diameters typically between 50 and 500 nanometers. The very small dimension of these fibers can generate a high surface area to volume ratio, which makes them potential candidates for various biomedical and other applications.Guided Tissue Regeneration: Procedures for enhancing and directing tissue repair and renewal processes, such as BONE REGENERATION; NERVE REGENERATION; etc. They involve surgically implanting growth conducive tracks or conduits (TISSUE SCAFFOLDING) at the damaged site to stimulate and control the location of cell repopulation. The tracks or conduits are made from synthetic and/or natural materials and may include support cells and induction factors for CELL GROWTH PROCESSES; or CELL MIGRATION.Bone Regeneration: Renewal or repair of lost bone tissue. It excludes BONY CALLUS formed after BONE FRACTURES but not yet replaced by hard bone.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Cell Culture Techniques: Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.Decanoates: Salts and esters of the 10-carbon monocarboxylic acid-decanoic acid.Hydrogel: A network of cross-linked hydrophilic macromolecules used in biomedical applications.Biomimetics: An interdisciplinary field in materials science, ENGINEERING, and BIOLOGY, studying the use of biological principles for synthesis or fabrication of BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS.Directed Molecular Evolution: The techniques used to produce molecules exhibiting properties that conform to the demands of the experimenter. These techniques combine methods of generating structural changes with methods of selection. They are also used to examine proposed mechanisms of evolution under in vitro selection conditions.Biofuels: Hydrocarbon-rich byproducts from the non-fossilized BIOMASS that are combusted to generate energy as opposed to fossilized hydrocarbon deposits (FOSSIL FUELS).Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: Bone-marrow-derived, non-hematopoietic cells that support HEMATOPOETIC STEM CELLS. They have also been isolated from other organs and tissues such as UMBILICAL CORD BLOOD, umbilical vein subendothelium, and WHARTON JELLY. These cells are considered to be a source of multipotent stem cells because they include subpopulations of mesenchymal stem cells.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Absorbable Implants: Implants constructed of materials designed to be absorbed by the body without producing an immune response. They are usually composed of plastics and are frequently used in orthopedics and orthodontics.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Silk: A continuous protein fiber consisting primarily of FIBROINS. It is synthesized by a variety of INSECTS and ARACHNIDS.Polyglycolic Acid: A biocompatible polymer used as a surgical suture material.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Metabolic Networks and Pathways: Complex sets of enzymatic reactions connected to each other via their product and substrate metabolites.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Microtechnology: Manufacturing technology for making microscopic devices in the micrometer range (typically 1-100 micrometers), such as integrated circuits or MEMS. The process usually involves replication and parallel fabrication of hundreds or millions of identical structures using various thin film deposition techniques and carried out in environmentally-controlled clean rooms.Elastomers: A generic term for all substances having the properties of stretching under tension, high tensile strength, retracting rapidly, and recovering their original dimensions fully. They are generally POLYMERS.Osteogenesis: The process of bone formation. Histogenesis of bone including ossification.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Bible: The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)HandbooksChina: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Monkey Diseases: Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).Haplorhini: A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of six families: CEBIDAE (some New World monkeys), ATELIDAE (some New World monkeys), CERCOPITHECIDAE (Old World monkeys), HYLOBATIDAE (gibbons and siamangs), CALLITRICHINAE (marmosets and tamarins), and HOMINIDAE (humans and great apes).
Differences in heart rate variability between young and elderly normal men during graded head up tilt. (1/527)An autoregressive spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) was used to analyze the differences in autonomic functions during graded head up tilt (HUT) between young and elderly men. After recording at the 0 degree position, the table was rotated to an upright position. The incline of the table was increased progressively to 15 degrees, 30 degrees and 60 degrees. The data obtained from seven young subjects (mean age of 20.0 years) and nine elderly subjects (mean age of 63.3 years) were analyzed. The high frequency components expressed by normalized units (HFnu) were used as the parasympathetic indicators, and HFnu decreased with tilt angle in both age groups. These results suggested that parasympathetic withdrawal have an important role in adaptation to an upright posture in both age groups. However, mean HF amplitude at the 0 degree position in elderly men was not significantly different from that of young men at 60 degrees tilt. A significant interaction effect (age group x tilt angle) was found for mean HF amplitude. The increase of the low frequency components expressed by normalized units (LFnu) and the LF-to-HF ratio in elderly subjects from 0 degree to 15 degrees seemed to be larger than that in young subjects. Sympathetic activities may be sensitive to lower levels of orthostatic stress in the elderly, and the elderly workers are easily affected by a change in workload. Therefore, keeping the workload lower and constant may be recommended to avoid excessive sympathetic activation among the elderly. (+info)
International standards on mental work-load--the ISO 10,075 series. (2/527)After a short review of the history and an introduction into the background of standardization in the field of mental work-load an overview over the ISO 10,075 series of standards on ergonomic principles related to mental work-load is given. The review also presents relationships of these standards with some other ergonomic standards and some of the problems associated with standardization in the field of mental work-load. The stress-strain model, the concepts and the terminology used in ISO 10,075 are presented in the overview, together with the basic ideas and the frame of reference of the design guidelines provided by ISO 10,075-2. An outline of the state of discussion and possible developments of a working draft for ISO 10,075-3 on diagnostic methods concludes the presentation of the international standards on mental work-load. (+info)
Measurement of fatigue in industries. (3/527)Fatigue of workers is a complex phenomenon resulting from various factors in technically innovated modern industries, and it appears as a feeling of exhaustion, lowering of physiological functions, breakdown of autonomic nervous balance, and decrease in work efficiency. On the other hand industrial fatigue is caused by excessive workload, remarkable alteration in working posture and diurnal and nocturnal rhythms in daily life. Working modes in modern industries have changed from work with the whole body into that with the hands, arms, legs and/or eyes which are parts of the body, and from physical work to mental work. Visual display terminal (VDT) work is one of the most characteristic jobs in the various kinds of workplaces. A large number of fatigue tests have already been adopted, but it is still hard to draw a generalized conclusion as to the method of selecting the most appropriate test battery for a given work load. As apparatus for fatigue measurement of VDT work we have developed VRT (Visual Reaction Test) and the Portable Fatigue Meter. Furthermore, we have presented immune parameters of peripheral blood and splenic T cells for physical fatigue. (+info)
Occupational stress in human computer interaction. (4/527)There have been a variety of research approaches that have examined the stress issues related to human computer interaction including laboratory studies, cross-sectional surveys, longitudinal case studies and intervention studies. A critical review of these studies indicates that there are important physiological, biochemical, somatic and psychological indicators of stress that are related to work activities where human computer interaction occurs. Many of the stressors of human computer interaction at work are similar to those stressors that have historically been observed in other automated jobs. These include high workload, high work pressure, diminished job control, inadequate employee training to use new technology, monotonous tasks, por supervisory relations, and fear for job security. New stressors have emerged that can be tied primarily to human computer interaction. These include technology breakdowns, technology slowdowns, and electronic performance monitoring. The effects of the stress of human computer interaction in the workplace are increased physiological arousal; somatic complaints, especially of the musculoskeletal system; mood disturbances, particularly anxiety, fear and anger; and diminished quality of working life, such as reduced job satisfaction. Interventions to reduce the stress of computer technology have included improved technology implementation approaches and increased employee participation in implementation. Recommendations for ways to reduce the stress of human computer interaction at work are presented. These include proper ergonomic conditions, increased organizational support, improved job content, proper workload to decrease work pressure, and enhanced opportunities for social support. A model approach to the design of human computer interaction at work that focuses on the system "balance" is proposed. (+info)
Ergonomic strategies for improving working conditions in some developing countries in Asia. (5/527)Ergonomic action is growing in Asia in response to increasing local needs. Recent studies in some developing countries in Asia commonly developed and applied widely-applicable measures for assessing local needs in field conditions including small enterprises and agriculture. For this purpose, carefully examining the actual workplace conditions of the local people was essential. Consequently, a number of field studies could contributed to improving the working conditions of the local people in materials handling, workstation design, work organization and work environment by using available local resources. Building on local capacity and practice, action-oriented ergonomics training has also been developing and spreading into many workplaces. Various non-expert human resources including local government units, trade unions, industrial associations and the agricultural sectors have been mobilized to act as participatory trainers in the action-oriented ergonomic training programmes. Training tools such as action checklists, good local examples and group work dynamics have been developed and applied to such training activities. Learning from local achievements and focusing on locally available resources, ergonomists have facilitated these local action processes by developing action-oriented training tools and training local trainers. It was confirmed that a number of ergonomic improvements could be formulated by the self-help initiative of the local people when participatory action tools and training were provided. Developing flexible and dynamic ergonomic research and training methods to meet the diversifying needs of the local people will continuously be important. Ergonomists' efforts to cover the wider population and workplaces need to be strengthened and accelerated. (+info)
Occupational health psychology: an emerging discipline. (6/527)There is growing concern that rapidly changing patterns of work organization and employment pose risk for occupational illness and injury. In the present article, we assert that these changes create new needs and opportunities for research and practice by psychologists in the area of work organization and health. We begin with an historical overview of the contribution of psychologists to the occupational safety and health field, and to the study of work organization and health. We then describe new initiatives by the American Psychological Association and national health organizations in the United States and Europe to frame a new field of study--called "occupational health psychology"--that focuses on the topic of work organization and health. We conclude with a discussion of emerging research needs and trends within this field. (+info)
The Conquest Hospital picture archiving and communications system development, 1992 to 1999. (7/527)Conquest Hospital was a UK regional development site for a pre-Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) picture archiving and communication system (PACS). The initial system was installed in mid 1992. Identification has been made of data transfer, ergonomic and single point of failure issues in the original PACS, which was called "iLAN." This has informed respecification of a DICOM/HTML PACS, the first stages of which have been hospital renetworking and installation of new DICOM 3.0 computed radiography/fluorography and computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging segments. Final PACS elements are at contract stage. Plans are being completed for linkage of PACS to a clinical information system to create a comprehensive electronic patient record system. (+info)
The effects of strapped spectacles on the fit factors of three manufactured brands of full facepiece negative pressure respirators. (8/527)A study was conducted to determine the effects of strapped spectacles on the fit factors obtained during quantitative fit testing on three different brands of full facepiece negative pressure respirators. The three brands of respirators were evaluated with and without strapped spectacles worn by the test subjects. A total of 180 quantitative fit testing trials were conducted on ten male test subjects. For each test subject, three quantitative fit testing trials were performed with each brand of respirator with and without the spectacles. The average of the fit testing trials for each subject with each respirator was used for statistical analysis. The results demonstrated that the fit factor values were significantly lower during use of the spectacles (p < 0.05). The estimated percentage of test subjects who failed the American National Standards Institute pass/fail criteria for quantitative fit testing (1000) increased by 15-36% when spectacles were worn. (+info)
Ergonomics and Safety in Hand Tool Design - Charles A. Cacha - Google Books
This book focuses exclusively on ergonomics in the design and use of hand tools. Hand tools have been an integral supplement to the human hand since the beginning of civilization. Recently, they have been pinpointed as a prominent cause of workplace disease. Cumulative Trauma Disorders such as Tendonitus, Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, and Raynauds Syndrome are caused by the specialization of motion employed when using a screw driver, the shock to the hand and wrist when a hammer strikes a nail, or the vibration of a power saw. Ergonomics and Safety in Hand Tool Design explores the relationship between Biomechanics, Safety, and Ergonomics allowing the reader to recognize, evaluate, and control ergonomic risk factors and improve hand tool design.After a history of hand tool use and design, the book is broken down by the various disciplines as they apply to hand tools, taking a broad approach. The author gives special attention to safe design and use, illustrated with detailed diagrams. The text serves as a
A randomised controlled trial on whether a participatory ergonomics intervention could prevent musculoskeletal disorders
Objectives: To examine the efficacy of a participatory ergonomics intervention in preventing musculoskeletal disorders among kitchen workers. Participatory ergonomics is commonly recommended to reduce musculoskeletal disorders, but evidence for its effectiveness is sparse. Methods: A cluster randomised controlled trial among the 504 workers of 119 kitchens in Finland was conducted during 2002-2005. Kitchens were randomised to an intervention (n = 59) and control )n = 60) group. The duration of the intervention that guided the workers to identify strenuous work tasks and to seek solutions for decreasing physical and mental workload, was 11 to 14 months. In total, 402 ergonomic changes were implemented. The main outcome measures were the occurrence of and trouble caused by musculoskeletal pain in seven anatomical sites, local fatigue after work, and sick leave due to musculoskeletal disorders. Individual level data were collected by a questionnaire at baseline and every 3 months during the ...
Minnesota Human Factors Engineering Expert Witnesses :: JurisPro :: Minnesota Accident Reconstruction & Safety Experts &...
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20035451 - Ergonomic risk factors for low back pain in North Carolina crab pot and gill net...
BACKGROUND: the objective of this research was to determine the association between LBP that limited or interrupted fishing work and ergonomic low back stress measured by (1) self-reported task and (2) two ergonomic assessment methods of low back stress. METHODS: Eligible participants were from a cohort of North Carolina commercial fishermen followed for LBP in regular clinic visits from 1999 to 2
Physical and psychosocial ergonomic risk factors for low back pain in automobile manufacturing workers | Occupational &...
Results Awkward back posture (prevalence ratio (PR) 1.12, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.17), hand force (PR 1.06, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.10), physical effort (PR 1.10, 95% CI 1.04 to 1.16) and whole body vibration (PR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.08) were each associated cross-sectionally with LBP. Awkward back posture (RR 1.13, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.31) and hand force (RR 1.07, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.22) also predicted incident LBP, although estimates were statistically less precise. Neither job control, psychological demands, nor job strain was independently related to risk of incident LBP. Among participants reporting high physical ergonomic exposures and moderate to high job control, increasing job demands was associated with a reduced LBP risk (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.52 to 1.00). Among participants reporting high physical exposures and low job control, psychological demands was associated with an increased LBP risk (RR 1.30, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.66). ...
China Hand Tool Tube, Hand Tool Tube Manufacturers, Suppliers, Price | Made-in-China.com
Patente US6886643 - Shaft lock mechanism for a rotary power hand tool - Google Patentes
A preferred embodiment comprises a power hand tool of the type which has a generally cylindrical elongated plastic housing with a motor contained within the housing and having an output shaft that extends from the front end portion of the hand tool, and which has a metal front end portion that cooperates with the plastic housing to strengthen a shaft locking mechanism located at the front end of the hand tool. The metal front end portion not only strengthens the outer surface of the housing in the front end portion of the tool, but also has a pair of internal structural ribs positioned to absorb stress that may be present in the housing as a result of force applied to the shaft locking mechanism. The preferred embodiment is also designed to enable the shaft locking pin mechanism to be easily assembled and retained without the need for an E-clip or C-clip as is commonly the practice in commercially available spiral saw hand tools.
Ergonomic Hazard News on Environmental XPRT
ERGONOMICS at WSU-TC Completion of this unit fulfills required WSU-TC safety training for: Ergonomics Lifting Slips, trips and falls Lezlie Couch EH&S- WSU-TC What is вЂњErgonomicsвЂќ? Ergonomics is the scientific study of human work. Ergonomic principals adapt work to a specific person by designing tasks & tools or equipment to fit the individual to prevent injuries to the musculoskeletal system. What are the benefits of ergonomics? вЂўReduction of work-related injuries вЂўIncreased worker productivity вЂўIncreased work quality YOU JUST вЂўReduced absenteeism FEEL BETTER! вЂўIncreased morale Ergonomics provides a win-win situationвЂ¦..on and off the job What are the risks of ignoring ergonomic principles? пЃ¬ An вЂњMSDвЂќ is an illness or injury that affects one or more parts of the musculoskeletal system пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ пЃ¬ Bones Muscles Tendons Ligaments Cartilage Nerves Blood vessels MSD Other common terms for ...
Hand tool safety quiz
Hand Tools sourcing, purchasing, procurement agent & service from China Hand Tools manufacutuers / suppliers | ECVV.com
Publications | Ergonomics Lab | UNIST
Yoon, W., Han, H., Choi, S., Shin, G. "Neck muscle activation and head kinematics when using a smartphone while walking",Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 63rd Annual Meeting - Seattle, WA, 2019. Choi, S., Kim, M., Kim, E., Shin, G. "Low back muscle activity when using a smartphone while walking",Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 63rd Annual Meeting - Seattle, WA, 2019. Song, D., Bak, H., Shin, G. "Activation pattern of the upper extremity muscles during dynamic push and pull tasks",Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 63rd Annual Meeting - Seattle, WA, 2019. Kim, E., Shin, G. "Head rotation and muscle activity when conducting document editing tasks with a head-mounted display",Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 62nd Annual Meeting - Philadelphia, PA, 2018. Bak, H., DSouza, C., Shin, G. "Upper extremity muscle activity during household floor vacuuming with upright cleaners",Proceedings of the Human Factors and ...
Human Factor Engineering for PFS and Autoinjectors : Pharmaceuticals : All
Professional bodies and Institutes CPD schemes are either structured as Input or Output based. Input based schemes list a precise number of CPD hours that individuals must achieve within a given time period. These schemes can also use different currencies such as points, merits, units or credits, where an individual must accumulate the number required. These currencies are usually based on time i.e. 1 CPD point = 1 hour of learning. Output based schemes are learner centred. They require individuals to set learning goals that align to professional competencies, or personal development objectives. These schemes also list different ways to achieve the learning goals e.g. training courses, seminars or e:learning, which enables an individual to complete their CPD through their preferred mode of learning. The majority of Input and Output based schemes actively encourage individuals to seek appropriate CPD activities independently. As a formal provider of CPD certified activities, SMI Group ...
Human Factors Engineering Flashcards
Get the Point Ergonomics Awareness Employee Safety Training Program (2017). Ergonomics at your job can affect your health. Poor workplace design and ergonomically incorrect work practices can cause injury to your muscles, cartilage, bones, and nervous system. Good ergonomics fit the workplace to the worker to provide a higher level of safety and efficiency. Much of the work performed in surface fabrication shops and at installation sites presents the risk of ergonomic injury. Reaching or working in awkward postures, lifting heavy stock, equipment or supplies, using hand and power tools, and even office work are all likely to cause injury if not performed with good ergonomics. Adoption of ergonomically correct work practices can protect your health and safety, and also contribute to your effectiveness as an employee. This training program provides an overview of ergonomic issues including:. ...
How can ergonomics influence design? Moving from research finding...: Ingenta Connect
Ergonomics design is about the creation of future work. So how can ergonomics research support and inform design if its findings are cast in a language oriented towards current work derived from field observations or laboratory settings? In this paper we assess instances of three different strands (experimental, ethnomethodological, and surveys) of ergonomics research on paper flight strips in air traffic control, for how they analytically confront future work and how they make the findings relevant or credible with respect to future work. How these justifications come about, or how valid (or well argued for) they are, is rarely considered in the ergonomics literature. All three strands appear to rely on rhetoric and argument as well as method and analysis, to justify findings in terms of their future applicability. Closing the gap between research results and future work is an important aim of the ergonomic enterprise. Better understanding of the processes necessary to bridge this gap may be ...
ITER control room | A new ergonomic design
Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity PDF - Human Kinetics
Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity: Enhancing Performance and Improving Safety is also available as an e-book. The e-book is available at a reduced price and allows readers to highlight and take notes throughout the text. When purchased through the Human Kinetics site, access to the e-book is immediately granted when the order is received.Ergonomics in Sport and Physical Activity: Enhancing Performance and Improving Safety is the first text to provide an in-depth discussion of how the principles of ergonomics can be applied in the context of sport and other physical activities to reduce injury and improve performance. The textblends concepts from biomechanics, physiology, and psychology as it shows how ergonomics is applied to physical activity. This comprehensive text outlines methods for assessing risk in and procedures for dealing with stress, eliminating hazards, and evaluating challenges posed in specific work or sport environments. It discusses issues such as the design of effective
Understanding Ergonomics | Spine Research Institute
How often have you heard of equipment or gadgets that claim to eliminate injuries, relieve sore backs, or soothe aching wrists? Maybe you buy them, set them up, and have employees use them for a while. Then, sometime later, you find that people do not use the equipment. Then you realize, Oh, I remember that. It didnt work at all.. The unfortunate truth is that products and equipment like these pervade the ergonomics industry. But this is not true ergonomics. Blindly applying a generic solution, when the root cause of the issue is not fully understood, will rarely result in positive outcomes. It may even make the situation worse.. When looking to invest in ergonomics solutions, do not confuse what author and Certified Professional Ergonomist Ian Chong calls "voodoo ergonomics" for the real thing. Also, be sure your ergonomist does not rely on such practices. Real solutions are only attained through professionals who can leverage scientific findings and years of real-world experience to assess ...
APHIS ERGONOMICS PROGRAM DRIVING Ergonomics - ppt download
Ergonomics Definition: Fitting the job to the worker. Goals: APHIS Ergonomics Program creating healthy workspaces through healthy work habits Ergonomics Definition: Fitting the job to the worker. Goals: Fit you to your car so you can drive in a way that maximizes the natural ability of your body to move and respond to physical stress. Decrease risk of injury/illness. Enhance worker productivity.
NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search - 20039448 - Choosing safer hand tools in construction: hazard alert.
Construction workers use many hand tools, such as, hammers, screwdrivers, pliers, and tin snips, plus power tools, such as electric drills and screwguns. The Hazards: If you use hand tools over and over every day, you can injure your hand, wrist, or arm. You can be injured if you must hold on tight for a long time or keep twisting the handle, for instance. You can get carpal tunnel syndrome, trigg
Loughborough University Institutional Repository: Using ergonomic risk assessment methods for designing inclusive work...
In common with many industries, manufacturing faces the challenge of effective management of a diverse workforce. Humans differ greatly but traditional manufacturing work practices do not take into account human variability issues during the work design process. Variations in individual and organizational work performance due to many individual factors such as age, gender, level of skill, experience and background bring performance inconsistencies. This research investigates the effects of individual skill on work performance in general, and workplace safety and human well-being in particular. A research framework is proposed for highlighting major differences in work performing strategies, their potential impact on work performance and how these findings can be used for designing more inclusive work practices. A case study has been presented where ergonomics risk assessment methods have been used to validate the usefulness of this framework. It is also concluded that skill has a strong ...
HAND TOOLS - UNPOWERED
Download Ergonomic Data for Equipment Design by Heinz Schmidtke (auth.), Heinz Schmidtke (eds.) PDF - Books
1971, "Nutzwertanalyse in der Systemtechnik," Wittmannsche Buchhandlung, MUnchen. TASK ANALYSIS IN SYSTEM ERGONOMICS Heiner Bubb Institut fur Ergonomie der Technischen Universitat Mlinchen/FRG In the preceding paper it has been more generally shown, how system ergonomics is especially concerned with the development of ergonomic analysis and design methods and their application to the solution of man-machine-system problems which arise during system design. The steps have been pointed out, through which a system ergonomic application has to run (development phase, realisation phase and finally operation phase) and it has been demonstrated that various disciplines have to contribute to system ergonomics. Starting with this data, interface components such as displays and controls are selected or designed~ dimensions of consoles are determined after consideration of numbers and sizes of displays, controls, and other console components and anthropometric data of the personnel projected~ displays and ...
S K Hand Tools 1/4" Drive Ergonomic Metal Handle Flex Torque Wrench - SKT74426 - ReStockIt
Effects of Non-neutral Posture and Anthropometry on Heart Rate in Hand Tools Tasks | CamNtech
The use of hand tools in industry is one of the many risky issues for musculoskeletal disorders. Working postures during handling tools assumed may be reiterated several times a day, every day for several years and can be predicted to affect the musculature of the workers. Using physiological demands to assess coordinated posture and anthropometry in manual handling tools has not received much attention in literature. Therefore, the aim of this research is to study the effects of combined postures of trunk and shoulder besides the individuals anthropometry on heart rate in vertical drilling task. Ten male students participated in this experiment and ANOVA (Analysis of variance) was used to analyse the data. The results showed that shoulder flexion and trunk inclining forward have a significant effect on heart rate (P , 0.01). Also, the anthropometric in terms of individuals weight and max grip strength has a negative correlation with heart rate (R2 = 0.46 and 0.13 respectively).. ...
Speakers:. Steve Jones is an experienced ergonomist with 25 years of experience in office and industrial ergonomics. Steve has his BSIE from Western New England College in Springfield, MA, and his Masters in Industrial & Systems Engineering, Occupational Safety & Ergonomics from Auburn University in Auburn, AL. Steve attended Auburn on a NIOSH training grant. Steve is also a Certified Industrial Ergonomist since 1999.. Steves major interests in ergonomics include risk assessment and prioritization, developing solutions to unique and challenging problems, lean manufacturing, vibration exposure, office ergonomics, effective training, and manufacturing processes.. Steve currently works as Ergonomics Global Program Manager for Ecolab in Naperville. His past experience includes Boeing, Alcoa, Nissan, Magna Powertrain, Beacon Mutual Insurance, Lenox China, North Carolina Ergonomics Center, and Ensign-Bickford Company.. Dr. James D. McGlothlin is President and CEO of McGlothlin Ergonomics and VEM ...
Office ergonomics | Institute for Work & Health
In a recent quasi-experimental field trial, an Institute for Work & Health (IWH) research team compared the impact of in-person office ergonomics training with e-learning office ergonomics training. Both training programs took the same amount of time and delivered the same content. In this plenary, the IWHs Dr. Ben Amick, the lead researcher on this project, presents the findings of the 12-month trial, including which form of training had the greatest impact on worker knowledge, attitudes and behaviour with respect to office ergonomics ...
PPT - Ergonomics for Fire and EMS Departments Command Staff Ergonomics PowerPoint Presentation - ID:576948
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Cumincad : Works : Paper 9583:Computer-Aided Learning Support for Environmental Design Students Ergonomic Design
Intelligent CAD systems could be a useful vehicle for disseminating Human Factors principles among non Human Factors designers. Limitations of current CAD systems are discussed and an experimental system is described. It is suggested that future CAD systems should be less than expert, should be responsive to different learning styles and should employ a variety of electronic media at the user interface ...
Effective Risk Assessment E-Learning - Cardinus
Providers of ergonomic solutions, office ergonomics, workplace ergonomics and more in the US.. Cardinus are specialists in office ergonomics. Over 2,000 companies use our software to reduce office ergonomics and materials handling risk. Our products include office ergonomics, materials handling and lab ergonomics for home and mobile workers.. We provide ergonomics risk assessments and training programs to help your staff stay healthy and injury-free.. Contact Cardinus today to find the perfect solution for you.. ...
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Ergonomics / Training : Online Resources | rmLibrary
Training guides that simplify ergonomics concepts for the average worker Self-help guides to assist workers in adjusting their workstations to prevent injury. Online quiz designed to analyze knowledge of proper computer workstation adjustment. Full text of an occupational safety and health training manual on preventing manual handling injuries. Guides for workers in university settings, including laboratory ergonomics. Manual handling guides. Guidelines on lifting and preventing injuries of the back.
Wrists at Risk | Ergonomics | IAC
Human Factors and Ergonomic Specialist, IAC Industries, Brea, Calif.. Ouch! On-the-job repetitive stress injuries (RSIs) are debilitating to workers, and costly for their employers as well. According to a survey conducted by the newsletter CTD News RSIs cost U.S. businesses about $10.8 billion last year! That bottom-line debit drives industrys interest in ergonomics.. RSIs afflict people who perform repetitive tasks such as typing on a keyboard and working on an assembly line. Very often, they do so using awkward postures and stressful motions. I see a lot of it in the "light-duty" electronics manufacturing workplace.. The good news is that a properly designed workstation can help minimized the risk of musculoskeletal disorders affecting tendons, muscles and nerves. Appropriate working height and welldesigned workstation accessories, for example, are valuable aids in counteracting the often hurtful consequences of repetitive tasks.. To employ these ergonomic advantages to best effect, however, ...
Ergonomics : an international journal devoted to the scientific study of human factors in relation to working environments and...
Patent US5971452 - Hand tool for collecting animal droppings - Google Patents
A unique, one piece, hand-held, portable pet stool collection device that consists of an ergonomically designed handle attached to an elliptically shaped ring. The ring accommodates the placement of an ordinary plastic bag, with handles, to be used as a receptacle for waste. The waste does not contaminate the ring or user and is therefore, hygienic. This device has no moving parts, it is easy to use, efficient, and economical. Most importantly, by retrieving waste prior to contamination with the ground, the device is environmentally responsible. This device may be used in day or night time conditions and in varied terrain such as pavement, grass, or shrub areas. The ergonomic handle allows the user (standing or in wheelchair) to place the ring and bag near the ground positioned to receive, directly, the dogs waste. The bag is then removed, tied and disposed of properly without waste touching ones hands.
Advanced Ergonomics in Laparoscopic Surgery | IntechOpen
Applied ergonomics is very important in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), especially with the introduction of robotized techniques that have changed the surgeons work conditions. However, the main aim remains the engineering to enable the compatibility of fulfillment of surgeons tasks in a physical, logical, and organizational environment with security, comfort, and efficiency. Ergonomics contribution is oriented both to design and redesign utilized material and to work organization. Epidemiological studies have shown the appearance of musculoskeletal pathologies in surgeons performing MIS; therefore, it is relevant to identify the intensity, frequency, and duration of risk factors (posture, repeatability, level of effort, touch pressure, and vibration if relevant) associated with this profession. A further relevant consequence of the effort applied during MIS is local muscle fatigue (LMF), an important factor to consider in musculoskeletal pathologies. The aim of this chapter is to present different
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Hand Tools doings #1: Hand cut box joint - by Betsy @ LumberJocks.com ~ woodworking community
Since I am not able to be in the power tooled shop, Im twiddling away in my spare bedroom doing hand tool stuff. Having never hand cut a joint, and after trying a dovetail, without really knowing what I was doing - I decided to back track a bit and do a simple box joint instead. I say simple, but its not as easy as it looks. First you have to be able to saw straight which, Ive found out, is not an easy task in and of itself.. Anyway, since we learn by our mistakes, and since I know I will make many more, I thought Id share my first hand cut box joint. Im glad we are on the internet so I cant hear the laughing and/or groans. Of course, it would be ok to hear the-- "hey that looks like my first one." But cant have it both ways.. I digress. Here is the joint and the crown saw I used.. ...
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Eye Movement-Based Human Computer Interaction Techniques | Seminar Report PPT for CSE
Get Eye Movement-Based Human Computer Interaction Techniques Seminar Report, PPT in PDF and DOC Format. Also Explore the Seminar Topics Paper on Eye Movement-Based Human Computer Interaction Techniques with Abstract or Synopsis, Advantages, Disadvantages, Base Paper Presentation Slides for IEEE Final Year Computer Science Engineering or CSE Students for the year 2016 2017.
Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD) and How It Affects Employees at Work
Methodology for Transformation of Behavioural Cues into Social Signals in Human-Computer Interaction: Library & Information...
The Engineering Design of Systems: Models and Methods, 3rd Edition | Systems Engineering & Management | General & Introductory...
Preface ix. About the Companion Website xv. Part 1 Introduction, Overview, and Basic Knowledge 1. Chapter 1 Introduction to Systems Engineering 3. Chapter 2 Overview of the Systems Engineering Design Process 46. Chapter 3 Modeling and SysML Modeling 68. Chapter 4 Discrete Mathematics: Sets, Relations, and Functions 100. Chapter 5 Graphs and Directed Graphs (Digraphs) 117. Part 2 Design and Integration 143. Chapter 6 Requirements and Defining the Design Problem 145. Chapter 7 Functional Architecture Development 202. Chapter 8 Physical Architecture Development 241. Chapter 9 Allocated Architecture Development 274. Chapter 10 Interface Design 307. Chapter 11 Integration and Qualification 327. Chapter 12 A Complete Exercise of the Systems Engineering Process 357. Part 3 Supplemental Topics 373. Chapter 13 Graphical Modeling Techniques 375. Chapter 14 Decision Analysis for Design Trades 398. Chapter 15 The Science and Analysis of Systems 445. Chapter 16 The Value of Systems Engineering 471. Appendix ...
Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering - North Carolina A&T State University
http://www.ncat.edu/coe/departments/inen/index.html. Tonya Smith-Jackson, Chairperson. DEGREES OFFERED. Industrial and Systems Engineering - Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide). MISSION. The mission of the BS in Industrial and Systems Engineering (ISE) program is to transform the industrial and systems engineering pipeline by providing educational and research experiences relevant to societal and industry needs and enabling individual development into technically proficient, culturally competent, collaborative leaders making a positive difference for their employers, communities, and the discipline; always embracing excellence in performance and conduct.. EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES. The BS in ISE Program Objectives are established by the faculty of the industrial and systems engineering department. In determining these objectives, the stakeholders of the BS in ISE Program are consulted at least once every three years. Furthermore, the objectives are verified for consistency with the mission, ...
Another good reason to work-out and to use Perl... Occupational stress in human computer interaction. Ind Health 1999 Apr;37(2):157-73 Smith MJ, Conway FT, Karsh BT Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706, USA. There have been a variety of research approaches that have examined the stress issues related to human computer interaction including laboratory studies, cross-sectional surveys, longitudinal case studies and intervention studies. A critical review of these studies indicates that there are important physiological, biochemical, somatic and psychological indicators of stress that are related to work activities where human computer interaction occurs. Many of the stressors of human computer interaction at work are similar to those stressors that have historically been observed in other automated jobs. These include high workload, high work pressure, diminished job control, inadequate employee training to use new technology, monotonous tasks, poor ...
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Worker's Compensation: What is Ergonomics | Human Resources at UC Davis Health System
Ergonomics is the science of fitting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of the employee. Ergonomics considers the capabilities and limits of the worker as he or she interacts with tools, equipment, work methods, tasks and the working environment. A goal of ergonomics is to reduce work-related musculoskeletal disorders by adapting the work to fit the person.. The benefits of ergonomics include decreased injuries, illnesses, and workers compensation costs, increased efficiency at work, increased physical well being, decreased absenteeism and turnover, and increased employee morale.. ...
Towards an understanding of human-computer interaction aspects of geographic information systems - Murdoch Research Repository
As geographic information systems (GIS) technology matures and develops sophisticated decision support applications, there is an increasing need to optimise human-computer interaction (HCI) aspects. Although further advances in graphic interface design and operator training are required, the principal challenge is now in the ergonomics of shared cognitive responsibility between operator and computer system. A sound and comprehensive theoretical framework is required to understand and develop this relationship. Mental modelling provides an appropriate psychological paradigm which may be applied through arranging appropriate levels of cognitive control, (modes of engagement), for GIS operations. The validation of such a theoretical model demands the use of appropriate research methodologies within a multi-disciplinary HCI in GIS research program. A substantial reference list is provided to assist research in this field.. ...
9780470165706: Decision Making in Systems Engineering and Management (Wiley Series in Systems Engineering and Management) -...
Use of in situ simulation and human factors engineering to assess and improve emergency department clinical systems for timely...
Consistent and timely detection of immediately life-threatening conditions, along with expeditious response, is essential in acute care settings. Yet the deterioration of patients from clinical stability into respiratory failure, hypoperfusive states and malignant cardiac arrhythmias may be subtle, rapid, paroxysmal or otherwise unpredictable in such environments.23 As a mechanism to assist busy clinical staff in meeting this challenge, ED telemetry systems offer real-time, automated remote monitoring of their patients. Yet implemented telemetry systems are often unable to meet complex real-world functional demands and fail to overcome complications arising from innate technological limitations. Notwithstanding scientific and medical advances, telemetry systems can exhibit poor network signal:noise characteristics24-26-critical alarms may be overly sensitive and predominantly false, yet significant events may not be sufficiently highlighted; the alarm framework may not even be able to ...
Work - Volume 50, issue 3 - Journals - IOS Press
Authors: Habib, Md. Monjuru , Rahman, Saleh Ur Article Type: Research Article Abstract: BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal complaints among housewives are very common around the world. In Bangladesh, although the majority of women are involved in various household activities, no studies were found related to musculoskeletal health and ergonomic risk factors for this work. OBJECTIVE: This study explored the prevalence of commonly affected body parts where the women experienced Musculoskeletal Symptoms (MSS), the disruption of normal activities due to the MSS, and the association of MSS with ergonomic physical risk …factors among women engaging in regular household activities in a rural village of Bangladesh. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were women aged 20-45 in a small village in Bangladesh who were involved in regular household activities for at least 5 hours a day for the past year. METHOD: A total of 73 women were found eligible though door-to-door home visits to determine the prevalence of MSS. ...
9781447171744: Distributed User Interfaces: Designing Interfaces for the Distributed Ecosystem (Human-Computer Interaction...
Design of a compact low-power human-computer interaction equipment for hand motion | (2017) | Wu | Publications | Spie
Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) raises demand of convenience, endurance, responsiveness and naturalness. This paper describes a design of a compact wearable low-power HCI equipment applied to gesture recognition. System combines multi-mode sense signals: the vision sense signal and the motion sense signal, and the equipment is equipped with the depth camera and the motion sensor. The dimension (40 mm × 30 mm) and structure is compact and portable after tight integration. System is built on a module layered framework, which contributes to real-time collection (60 fps), process and transmission via synchronous confusion with asynchronous concurrent collection and wireless Blue 4.0 transmission. To minimize equipments energy consumption, system makes use of low-power components, managing peripheral state dynamically, switching into idle mode intelligently, pulse-width modulation (PWM) of the NIR LEDs of the depth camera and algorithm optimization by the motion sensor. To test this equipments ...
Human-Computer Interaction. Multimodal and Natural Interaction - Thematic Area, HCI 2020, Held as Part of the 22nd...
CNN - OSHA announces draft for national ergonomics program - February 19, 1999
WASHINGTON (CNN) -- The Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced the draft of a national ergonomics standard Friday that could require businesses to redesign their workplaces. OSHAs six-part proposal could require businesses to redesign their workplaces in order to avoid repetitive motion injuries. It would affect workers susceptible to injuries as varied as carpal tunnel syndrome from working at a keyboard, muscular injuries from lifting patients in a nursing home, and repetitive motion hazards from scanning groceries at a supermarket. OSHA estimates that more than 647,000 Americans suffer from work-related musculoskeletal disorders, or WMSDs, because of ergonomically poor working environments, accounting for more than 34 percent of all work-related injuries and costing an estimated $15 billion to $20 billion annually. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce quickly condemned the proposal Friday on the grounds that there is little scientific evidence proving it is needed. The Chamber of ...
Effect of Health Protection and Promotion on Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) - Healthier Workforce Center of the Midwest
Participatory Ergonomics & Wellness Coaching Yield Health Improvements Musculoskeletal pain (pain affecting the muscles, bones, or joints) is a very common complaint among workers and results in a large number of missed days from work and workers compensation claims. Nathan Fethke, professor of occupational and environmental health, received funding from the Healthier Workforce Center to develop and evaluate a workplace program to address this critical issue in a large window manufacturing company. His research combined wellness coaching for employee-identified issues (e.g., physical activity, stress reduction, weight loss) with a participatory ergonomic approach. Ergonomics is the science of designing and arranging equipment to fit the operator so that tasks can be completed more efficiently and safely. The ergonomic assessment was based on video footage of employees performing actual manufacturing tasks and was analyzed to reveal ergonomic issues that could be easily addressed by modifying ...
Effects of ergonomic intervention in work with video display units
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Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2013: Proceedings of the international conference on Ergonomics & Human Factors 2013,...
Business Systems Engineering: Managing Breakthrough Changes for Productivity ... - Gregory H. Watson - Google Books
In Business Systems Engineering, Gregory H. Watson describes how top corporations around the world have already successfully implemented that powerful cutting-edge technique to promote continuous improvement. More importantly, he shows you how you can do the same in your organization. Drawing on numerous success stories, including those of Compaq, United Services Automobile Association, Motorola, Hewlett-Packard, Ford, Chrysler, Honda, Toyota, and Xerox, he extrapolates a set of coherent guidelines that managers can follow to transform their organizations into streamlined models of business efficiency that are more dynamic, productive, and capable of quickly adapting to todays ever-changing global business environment. While business systems engineering is driven by process reengineering and benchmarking, it also incorporates crucial aspects of TQM, business process improvement, policy deployment, industrial engineering, teamwork, problem solving, and information technology. As you read this
HSyE | Healthcare Systems Engineering Institute | Healthcare Computer Simulation Workshop
HSyE | Healthcare Systems Engineering Institute | Refereed Conference Publications
Human Systems Engineering and Design - Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Human Systems Engineering and Design ...
Space Systems Engineering
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He is Editor in Chief of ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction and on the editorial boards of several other journals and book series, including Human-Computer Interaction, Computer Supported Cooperative Work, and Information Systems Research, leading journals in their areas. He co-wrote and edited the widely used Readings in Human-Computer Interaction: Toward the New Millenium. Active in both human-computer interaction and computer supported cooperative work since these fields emerged, he has published over 100 papers on a range of topics. For the past ten years, his two primary research topics have been the adoption and use of technology in organizations, and the design and use of multimedia systems.. ROBERT DE HOOG is Professor of Information and Knowledge Management at Twente University, and Associate Professor of Social Science Informatics at the University of Amsterdam. Since the mid 1980's he has been involved in many projects in the area of artificial intelligence, expert ...
HCI) Human Computer Interaction
ISBNs for human computer interaction
Activity theory holds that the human mind is the product of our interaction with people and artifacts in the context of everyday activity. Acting with Technology makes the case for activity theory as a basis for understanding our relationship with technology. Victor Kaptelinin and Bonnie Nardi describe activity theorys principles, history, relationship to other theoretical approaches, and application to the analysis and design of technologies. The book provides the first systematic entry-level introduction to the major principles of activity theory. It describes the accumulating body of work in interaction design informed by activity theory, drawing on work from an international community of scholars and designers. Kaptelinin and Nardi examine the notion of the object of activity, describe its use in an empirical study, and discuss key debates in the development of activity theory. Finally, they outline current and future issues in activity theory, providing a comparative analysis of the theory ...
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Comparison of Arm Up and Down in Side Impacts With BioSID and Different Armrests | Journal of Biomechanical Engineering | ASME...
BioSID dummy tests were run with the arm down at the side during loading of different armrests in simulated side impact crashes. The Hyge sled tests duplicated previous studies of BioSID with the arm up, SID, and animals. When the BioSID arm is against the side, the arm extends from the shoulder to the bottom of the third rib and has a steel shank covered by foam and vinyl. Loading through the arm transfers force to the three chest ribs and shoulder. In comparison, direct armrest loading of the chest or abdomen primarily involves a single rib and substantial rib deflection, when the armrest crush-force exceeds the strength of the rib. The Viscous response in BioSID showed the greatest difference of all criteria for the arm up or down. The response of the third rib correlated with injury risks determined from animal tests using the different armrest designs in a simulated high position. While injury data are not available for the arm at the side or for the armrest in the low position, the STIFF ...
The basic premise of ergonomics is that it deals with the human-system interface. As with other design-related disciplines, ergonomics includes specification, guidelines, methods, and tools. And Ergonomists use these for several functions including improving quality of life (which encompasses health, safety, comfort and usability) and productivity.. As a science ergonomics is primarily concerned with the study of human capabilities and limitations and other characteristics for the express purpose of developing human-system interface technology. As a practice, ergonomists are going to apply the human-system interface technology that has been developed to a variety of work-place related tasks. The goal therefore of ergonomics is to optimise the user-interface, the work organisation and the work environment to achieve optimum human-machine integration.. According to the Interantional Ergonomics Association (IEA) ergonomics is derived from the Greek ergon (work) and nomos (laws) to denote the ...
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Human Factor Applications in Boating Safety. Volume I.
Aspects of human factors engineering are applied to understanding the design and operation of boats. These are divided into three major areas. Under basic human characteristics are the chapters on Operator Performance Stressors; Perception; Skill, Judgment and Decision Making; Manual Handling of Outboards; and Anthropometrics. The subject of accident causal analysis is pursued through an in-depth statistical analysis of the Current Accident Data, used in the 1972 CG-357 report. More useable data for causal determination could be achieved by giving attention to Future Data Collection Methodology. The topic of design practices is the most applied group of chapters in the report. This includes discussions of Non-Collision Injury Potentials, Displays and Controls, Visibility Requirements, and Current Design Practices. The topic of Computer Display Design Assistance was pursued as a tool for determining the visibility and control reach requirements in various boat designs. (Modified author
Kansas State University
Engineering; Human Ecology; Technology and Aviation; and Veterinary Medicine. The graduate school offers 65 master's degree ... "History of the K-State College of Human Ecology". Retrieved September 1, 2009. "University Archives Facts and Flyers". ... homeland security and human and animal health. It will be led by K-State's Dr. Juergen Richt. The university's extensive list ...
Alfred Robens, Baron Robens of Woldingham
ISBN 1-86057-033-X. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Robens, A. (1970). Human Engineering. London: Jonathan Cape ... It was always his policy to send the most senior mining engineer to the scene of a disaster to coordinate rescue operations. ... In 1963 he was invited to deliver the MacMillan Memorial Lecture to the Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders in Scotland. ... ISBN 0-19-828295-8. Cullen, W. (1996). "The development of safety legislation" (PDF). Royal Academy of Engineering and Royal ...
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Monmouth County, New Jersey
Critical Incident Technique
Research techniques in human engineering. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, Chapter 3, Methods for the study of accidents and ... The Critical Incident Technique (or CIT) is a set of procedures used for collecting direct observations of human behavior that ... selection and classification of aviators but was also involved in developing training programs and human factors engineering." ... Flanagan defined the Critical Incident Technique as: [A] set of procedures for collecting direct observations of human ...
Engineering psychology and human performance. (3rd Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. van Gelder, T. (1998). The ... This early model was a major step toward a dynamical systems view of human cognition, though many details had yet to be added ... By taking into account the evolutionary development of the human nervous system and the similarity of the brain to other organs ... One famous example is that of human (specifically the agents Otto and Inga) navigation in a complex environment with or without ...
Laboratoire d'Informatique de Grenoble
Human-machine interaction engineering; MAGMA: Modeling of autonomous agents in multi-agent universe; MESCAL: Middleware ... The list of LIG teams is as follows: ADELE: Environments and tools for Industrial Software Engineering; AMA: Learning: models ... Topics includes for instance Software Engineering, Formal Methods, Multimedia, Natural Language Processing, Databases, ... Adaptive Engineering and Modeling; STEAMER: Spatio-temporal information, adaptability, multimedia and knowledge representation ...
ISBN 978-0-412-44700-6. Amadei, Bernard (2014). Engineering in Sustainable Human Development. ASCE Press. ISBN 978-0-7844-1353- ... Profile, "Engineering for Developing Communities" website. EWB-USA Founder on Engineers Without Borders website. History on the ... founder of Engineers Without Borders (USA), and former director of the Mortenson Center in Engineering for Developing ... 2009 Award of Excellence from Engineering News-Record for founding Engineers Without Borders (USA). Elected a Distinguished ...
... is a biomedical engineering company that is currently in the process of reconstructing human bone growth for use in ... "Engineering anatomically shaped human bone grafts". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (8): 3299-3304. doi: ... Tissue engineering can help restore original tissue functions that no longer work in the body due to failure. This means that ... EpiBone will be able to decrease that number all while providing a solution without having to cut out bone from any other human ...
Psychological refractory period
Behavioral operations research
Human factor engineering can be applied to improve workplaces, working systems and products aiming to reduce human errors ... "Human factors engineering in projects" (PDF). International Association of Oil & Gas Producers. 454. August 2011. Retrieved 25 ... It is believed that behavior operations research can be related to human factor engineering as systematic errors, which happens ... Physical technologies can be defined as a socio-technology system, which consists of humans, human activity, spaces, artifacts ...
Compensation law of mortality
Engineering's Reliability Theory Explains Human Aging. IEEE Spectrum, 2004, 41(9): 30-35. Gavrilov L.A., Gavrilova N.S. "The ... For human beings, this human species-specific life span is close to 95 years (Gavrilov and Gavrilova, 1979; 1991). Compensation ... Ageing Biodemography of human longevity Biogerontology Demography Mortality Reliability theory of aging and longevity Gavrilov ...
An introduction to human factors engineering. New York: Longman. NASA report to Congress on fatigue, http://comair-5191.com/ ... 20% of human factor accidents occurred to pilots who had been on duty for 10 or more hours, but only 10% of pilot duty hours ... Similarly, 5% of human factor accidents occurred to pilots who had been on duty for 13 or more hours, where only 1% of pilot ... They also establish that probability of a human factor accident increases with the time pilots are on duty, especially for duty ...
... management and engineering; intellectual and human capital development; ICTs for ecology and the green economy; future ... Sociologist Peter L. Berger defines society as "...a human product, and nothing but a human product, that yet continuously acts ... society was created by humans but this creation turns back and creates or molds humans every day. Sociologist Gerhard Lenski ... Horticulturists use human labor and simple tools to cultivate the land for one or more seasons. When the land becomes barren, ...
Zafra M. Lerman
"Human Rights And Science". Chemical & Engineering News. 84 (34): 28-29. Retrieved 16 January 2016. Lerman, Zafra (September 6, ... 2005 AAAS Report on Science and Human Rights New York Academy of Sciences page for the Pagels Human Rights Award ACS Awards: ... Chemistry and Engineering News. Retrieved 16 January 2016. Ritter, Stephen K. (November 10, 2005). "Science For Peace In The ... Chemical & Engineering News. p. 38. Retrieved 17 January 2016. Hoffman, Roald (December 9, 2013). "Maltese Reflections" (v.91 i ...
Colleges and Schools of North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
Engineering; Health & Human Sciences and the Science & Technology. Doctoral programs are offered through the Colleges of ... "College of Engineering". ncat.edu. N.C. A&T-College of Engineering. Retrieved 6 April 2014. "College of Engineering - Points of ... and mechanical engineering and the interdisciplinary computational science and engineering program. The College of Engineering ... the College of Engineering is distributed across six departments; chemical biological and bio engineering; civil, architectural ...
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University
Engineering; Health & Human Sciences and the Science & Technology. Doctoral programs are offered through the Colleges of ... "College of Engineering - Points of Pride" (PDF). ncat.edu. N.C. A&T - College of Engineering. Archived from the original (PDF) ... The university is also well recognized for its degree program in engineering. The university's College of Engineering has ... N.C. A&T holds the distinction as being the nation's leading producer of African American engineers, in addition to being the ...
Traffic sign design
1998). An Introduction to Human Factors Engineering. New York: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers Inc. Stridger, Ruth W. ( ... Human Factors, 48(1), p 182-195 Wickens, Christopher D.; Gordon, Sallie E.; Liu, Yili. ( ... 2002). Interaction Design: Beyond Human-Computer Interaction. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Shinar, David; Dewar, Robert E ...
CDC 6000 series
KNOWLEDGE ENGINEERING FOR HUMAN REPLICATION. ISBN 1291595090. ,url=http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/gbell/craytalk ... engineers on computer architecture and design, Charles Babbage Institute, University of Minnesota. Engineers include Robert Moe ... Engineering Ideas into Reality. National Academy of Engineering. 2014. ISBN 0309312655. "In 1964 Cray's CDC 6600 replaced ...
February 2013). "RNA-guided human genome engineering via Cas9". Science. 339 (6121): 823-6. doi:10.1126/science.1232033. PMC ... These mice were able to produce the human protein tPA to treat blood clots. The most common type of transgenesis research is ... For example, a protein found in pigs can cause humans to reject their transplanted organs. This protein can be replaced by a ... Xue H, Wu J, Li S, Rao MS, Liu Y (March 2014). "Genetic Modification in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells by Homologous ...
ULCTM with Lift Assist Device Berkeley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory, 2010. eLEGS Berkeley Robotics and Human ... en/Ekso-Bionics-Appoints-Thomas-Looby-to-Interim-Chief-Executive-Officer.html HULC Berkeley Robotics and Human Engineering ... all members of the Berkeley Robotics and Human Engineering Laboratory at the University of California. Berkeley ExoWorks ... In 2009 Berkeley Bionics unveiled HULC, which stands for Human Universal Load Carrier. HULC is a more sophisticated and capable ...
Protospacer adjacent motif
Mali P, Yang L, Esvelt KM, Aach J, Guell M, DiCarlo JE, Norville JE, Church GM (2013). "RNA-guided human genome engineering via ... Attempts have been made to engineer Cas9s to recognize different PAMs to improve ability of CRISPR-Cas9 to do gene editing at ... Cas9 of Francisella novicida recognizes the canonical PAM sequence 5'-NGG-3', but has been engineered to recognize the PAM 5'- ... Mali P, Esvelt KM, Church GM (2013). "Cas9 as a versatile tool for engineering biology". Nature Methods. 10 (10): 957-963. doi: ...
Metallo CM; Azarin SM; Ji L; de Pablo JJ; Palecek SP (June 2008). "Engineering tissue from human embryonic stem cells". Journal ... engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function". This field holds the ... founder of Human Genome Sciences). Haseltine was briefed on the project to isolate human embryonic stem cells and embryonic ... Li, T; Xia, M; Gao, Y; Chen, Y; Xu, Y (2015). "Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells: an overview of their potential in ...
Clarisse de Souza
The semiotic engineering of human-computer interaction. The MIT Press. Semiotic Engineering Research Group Google Scholar. ... She has three international books on the topic of semiotic engineering: The Semiotic Engineering of Human-Computer Interaction ... where she does research in the area of Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and has developed the theory of Semiotic Engineering. ... She is the founder of SERG (Semiotic Engineering Research Group) at Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio ...
Ecological interface design
Proceedings of the Human Centered Processes Conference, 93-97. Vicente, K. J. (2001). Cognitive engineering research at Risø ... In E. Salas (Ed.), Advances in Human Performance and Cognitive Engineering Research, Volume 1 (pp. 1-57), New York: Elsevier. ... Wickens, C. D. & Hollands, J. G. (2000). Engineering Psychology and Human Performance (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: ... Human Factors, 44, 62-78. Vicente, K. J. & Rasmussen, J. (1990). The ecology of human-machine systems II: Mediating "direct ...
ISBN 0-201-18074-X. Pedrycz, Witold; Gomide, Fernando (2007). Fuzzy systems engineering: Toward Human-Centerd Computing. ... FML allows modelling a fuzzy logic system in a human-readable and hardware independent way. FML is based on eXtensible Markup ... Bansod, Nitin A., Marshall Kulkarni, and S.H. Patil (Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Engineering) "Soft Computing- A Fuzzy Logic ... Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Elsevier. Masmoudi, Malek; Haït, Alain (November 2012). "Fuzzy uncertainty ...
De Re Atari
Woods, D. D. and Roth, E. M. (1988). Cognitive engineering: Human problem solving with tools. Human Factors, 30, 4, 415-430. ... Human reliability and human factors for more on human supervisory control Thomas B. Sheridan, a researcher of supervisory ... Sheridan, T. B. (1992). Telerobotics, automation, and human supervisory control. MIT Press. Sheridan, T. B. (2002). Humans and ... It is observed from time to time by a human who, when deeming it necessary, intervenes to modify the control algorithm in some ...
For instance, human beings seem to have an enormous capacity for memorizing and recognizing faces. One of the key goals of ... Anderson, Charles H.; Eliasmith, Chris (2004). Neural Engineering: Computation, Representation, and Dynamics in Neurobiological ... Eliasmith, Chris; Anderson, Charles H. (2003). Neural engineering: Representation, computation, and dynamics in neurobiological ... The Computational Representational Understanding of Mind (CRUM) is another attempt at modeling human cognition through ...
The essential idea in Patterns of Culture is, according to the foreword by Margaret Mead, "her view of human cultures as ' ... There Stanley Rossiter Benedict, an engineer at Cornell Medical College, began to visit her at the farm. She had met him by ... And the writers explicate, in section after section, the best evidence they knew for human equality. They want to encourage all ... "the great arc of human potentialities" only a few characteristics which become the leading personality traits of the persons ...
Please note: What is considered a human right is controversial and not all the topics listed are universally accepted as human ... The engineers association Verein Deutscher Ingenieure does not strive to act as a union, as it also represents the interests of ... In 2006, the European Court of Human Rights found Danish closed-shop agreements to be in breach of Article 11 of the European ... In these cases, they may be negotiating for white-collar or professional workers, such as physicians, engineers or teachers. ...
Development in humans. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to ... Sharia and Social Engineering: p 143, R. Michael Feener - 2013 *^ FOOD & EATING IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE - Page 73, Joel T. Rosenthal ... For humans, eating is an activity of daily living. Some individuals may limit their amount of nutritional intake. This may be a ... Degen, L. "Effect of peptide YY3-36 on food intake in humans". Gastroenterology. 129: 1430-6. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2005.09.001 ...
of Health and Human Services (US HHS). May 2002. Archived from the original on 2005-12-08. Retrieved 2006-07-11.. Cite journal ... "Science and Engineering Indicators. Arlington, Virginia: Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Science Foundation ... Some alternative practices are based on theories that contradict the science of how the human body works; others resort to the ... as far as the human body is concerned, 'natural' is meaningless... Equally, what's so safe about consuming substances that need ...
Keratinocytes engineered to not express alpha-catenin have disrupted cell adhesion and activated NF-κB. A tumor cell line with ... Hirohashi S, Kanai Y (July 2003). "Cell adhesion system and human cancer morphogenesis". Cancer Sci. 94 (7): 575-81. doi: ... Mice engineered to specifically have vascular endothelium cells deficient in β-catenin showed disrupted adhesion between ... F9 cells were genetically engineered to lack β-catenin, resulting in increased association of plakoglobin with E-cadherin. In ...
Human Resources Development Research Center, Kathmandu. *^ Hofer, Andras (1979). The Caste Hierarchy and the State of Nepal: A ... K.M. Munshi with archaeologists and engineers of the Government of India, Bombay, and Saurashtra, with the ruins of Somnath ... and the development of human's religiosity. This project started with Ram Mohan Roy of Brahmo Samaj, who collaborated with ... other than whom there is no path of salvation for the human soul. It requires no great intelligence to see the absurdity of ...
In humans, prolonged periods of immobilization, as in the cases of bed rest or astronauts flying in space, are known to result ... D.Zhang et al., Functional Electrical Stimulation in Rehabilitation Engineering: A survey, Nenyang technological University, ... Brown atrophy of the heart Effect of spaceflight on the human body Muscle weakness Muscular dystrophy Myotonic dystrophy ... has demonstrated efficacy in preventing the loss of muscle mass in several muscle wasting conditions in humans, particularly ...
Although the archaeological site at Harappa was damaged in 1857 when engineers constructing the Lahore-Multan railroad used ... What is clear is that Harappan society was not entirely peaceful, with the human skeletal remains demonstrating some of the ... seals engraved with human or animal motifs. A large number of seals have been found at such sites as Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. ... Towards the end Harappan civilization lost features such as writing and hydraulic engineering.. As a result the Ganges ...
Level of measurement
Mackintosh, N. J. (1998). IQ and Human Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 30-31. ISBN 978-0-19-852367-3. . In ... Most measurement in the physical sciences and engineering is done on ratio scales. Examples include mass, length, duration, ... in software engineering, type of faults: specification faults, design faults, and code faults ... Briand, L. & El Emam, K. & Morasca, S. (1995). On the Application of Measurement Theory in Software Engineering. Empirical ...
Also other possible design Engineer specialists may be involved such as Fire (prevention), Acoustic, facade engineers, building ... A building as a shelter represents a physical division of the human habitat (a place of comfort and safety) and the outside (a ... These design Engineers also prepare construction documents which are issued to specialist contractors to obtain a price for the ... Main article: List of human habitation forms. Single-family residential buildings are most often called houses or homes. Multi- ...
Sandhya Srikant Visweswariah
Recipient of Human Frontier Science Program (HFSP) Short Term Fellowship (2002) to visit University of California, Berkeley in ... "Intensification of Research in High Priority Area (IRHPA): Science and Engineering Research Board, Established through an Act ... Bangalore and Co-chair of the Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science. Over the course of ... and the Co-chair of the Centre for Biosystems Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Science. She additionally holds ...
Human. A study conducted in Japan reports fatigue sensation shown in subjects who listened to a metronome for six minutes ... Many musicians, audio engineers, and scientists that work in industry are exploring ways to mitigate the effects of listening ... Melnick, W. (1991). HUMAN TEMPORARY THRESHOLD SHIFT (TTS) AND DAMAGE RISK. [Article]. Journal of the Acoustical Society of ... It is difficult to quantify levels of fatigue in animals as opposed to humans. In the experiment done by Ishii et al., subjects ...
Collins-class submarine replacement project
... is often a consequence of science and engineering, although technology as a human activity precedes the two fields. ... National Research Council; Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences; Energy Engineering Board; Commission on Engineering ... The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of ... American Journal of Human Genetics. 72 (6): 1586-90; author reply 1590-93. doi:10.1086/375407. PMC 1180321 . PMID 12817589.. ...
Aside from humans, octopuses may be preyed on by fishes, seabirds, sea otters, pinnipeds, cetaceans, and other cephalopods. ... IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. 25 (3): 40-56. doi:10.1109/MEMB.2006.1636351.. ... Octopuses generally avoid humans, but incidents have been verified. For example, a 2.4-metre (8 ft) Pacific octopus, said to be ... More than 60% of RNA transcripts for coleoid brains are recoded by editing, compared to less than 1% for a human or fruit fly. ...
"Managing Software Engineers". Retrieved 7 February 2012.. *^ Ye, Yunwen; Kouichi Kishida (3-10 May 2003). "Toward an ... "Gender and tenure diversity in GitHub teams." In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing ... International Conference of Software Engineering. Retrieved 7 February 2012.. *^ Bonaccorsi, Andrea; Cristina Rossi (2003). " ...
Internet of things
Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering Volume (Submitted manuscript). Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. 133. pp. 99-106 ... which in turn affects human agency, privacy and autonomy. He cautions against viewing technology merely as a human tool and ... "2011 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. 2011. pp. 5264-6. doi:10.1109/ ... "Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences. 7 (6). doi:10.1186/s13673-017-0087-4.. ...
Biomedical Engineering is a field dealing with the application of engineering principles to medical practice. ... Genomics and knowledge of human genetics and human evolution is having increasingly significant influence on medicine, as the ... Andreas Vesalius was the author of De humani corporis fabrica, an important book on human anatomy. Bacteria and ... Immunology is the study of the immune system, which includes the innate and adaptive immune system in humans, for example. ...
Berlin Brandenburg Airport
While his business cards stated he was an engineer, he was actually qualified as an engineering draughtsman. Di Mauro was ... "Der Bahnhof am BER hat jetzt menschliche Brandmelder" [The fire station has now human fire detectors]. BZ.. ... "Fake engineer made Berlin Airport fire system". The Local.de.. *^ "Ex-Planer Alfredo di Mauro war offenbar Hochstapler". Der ... "Interesting Engineering Blunders, Interview with Alfredo Di Mauro". Retrieved 30 January 2016.. ...
Genetically modified tomato
In 1994, the Flavr Savr became the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human ... A genetically modified tomato, or transgenic tomato, is a tomato that has had its genes modified, using genetic engineering. ... The first commercially available genetically modified food was a tomato engineered to have a longer shelf life (the Flavr Savr ... Lemaux, P. (2008). "Genetically Engineered Plants and Foods: A Scientist's Analysis of the Issues (Part I)". Annual Review of ...
Trees, grass and sky can all be off without concern, but if human flesh tones are 'off' then the human subject can look sick or ... Bellingham, WA: SPIE: the International Society for Optical Engineering, p 323-333 (2004), retrieved online 2008-07-28. ... Humans relate to flesh tones more critically than other colors. ... the acquisition sensors do not match the sensors in the human ...
Cultured neuronal network
One study, however, did make use of human neural stem cells grown into a network to control a robotic actuator. These cells ... Artificial life Artificial neural networks Brain-computer interface CoDi Cybernetics Neural ensemble Neural engineering ... Pizzi RM, Rossetti D, Cino G, Marino D, Vescovi AL, Baer W (2008). "A Cultured Human Neural Network Operates a Robotic Actuator ... IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering. 55 (4): 1382-1390. doi:10.1109/TBME.2007.913987. PMID 18390329. "Axion MEA Systems ...
Ohio State University
College of Education and Human Ecology College of Engineering College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences ... This follow-up effort was a collaboration between Ohio State engineering students and engineers from the Ford Motor Company and ... Ohio State's faculty currently includes 21 members of the National Academy of Sciences or National Academy of Engineering, four ... A team of engineering students from the university's "Center for Automotive Research-Intelligent Transportation" (CAR-IT) ...
Human germline engineering - Wikipedia
Another possible use of human germline engineering would be eugenic modifications to humans which would result in what are ... rather than human beings. There is also a large opposition as people state that by engineering the human germline, there is an ... and the main driving force behind the movement of trying to ban human germline engineering. The topic of human germline ... Human germline engineering is the process by which the genome of an individual is edited in such a way that the change is ...
Human Factors in Engineering and Design - Wikipedia
Human Factors in Engineering and Design is an engineering textbook, currently in its seventh edition. The book, first published ... Whitfield, David (1989). "Human Factors in Engineering and Design". Ergonomics. 32 (5): 558. doi:10.1080/00140138908966127. ... Human Factors in Engineering and Design (7th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 704. ISBN 978-0070549012. ... It is frequently taught in upper-level and graduate courses in the U.S., and is relied on by practicing human factors and ...
Eva Equipment Design-Human Engineering Considerations
... presents a plethora of human factors engineering opportunities. In particular, design for the space suited (extravehicular ... Eva Equipment Design-Human Engineering Considerations 881090. The Space Station (SS) presents a plethora of human factors ... This paper will address the human factors engineering effort undertaken to aid in the early-on design of the Space Station ... Citation: Fisher, H., "Eva Equipment Design-Human Engineering Considerations," SAE Technical Paper 881090, 1988, https://doi. ...
Genetic Engineering: Human Genome Project
The Human Genome Project (HGP) is the most exciting breakthrough in human genetics in modern times! Geneticists from around the ... The human genome can then be compared to other known animal genomes to examine similarities and differences that may be useful ... If there is a cancer-inhibiting gene in sharks that could be incorporated into humans with no side effects, another serious ... This genetic map gives the location of each of the approximately 100,000 human genes composed of roughly 3 billion nucleotides. ...
Human engineering | Define Human engineering at Dictionary.com
Human engineering definition, an applied science that coordinates the design of devices, systems, and physical working ... Rising from the bed of the sea sixty-six feet, it is firm enough to bear up fortresses strong as human engineering can rear. ... The success of any large enterprise depends above everything else on the skilful handling of the problems of human engineering ... And, as in human engineering and the work of the ant, the earthworm doesnt throw the dirt around carelessly. ...
USOAR - Community Health, Human Factors Engineering Job Description
Human Factors Engineering. Department: Public Health Sciences and Systems and Information Engineering ... Specialization: Community Health, Human Factors Engineering. Research Focus: Dr. Valdezs research focuses on understanding and ... Introductory courses in Public Health, Systems and Information Engineering, and/or Anthropology are preferred but not required ... The student selected for this position will need to complete on-line certification training related to ethical conduct of human ...
Engineering Science Postings - Human Resources - Simon Fraser University
Application deadline for Engineering Science TA postings for Fall 2020: Monday, July 13th, 2020. ... If you have any questions about the collection, use and disclosure of this information please contact the Associate VP, Human ... TA Application Form for Engineering Science graduate students. *TA Application Form for graduate students in other departments ... Human Resources. Simon Fraser University. Strand Hall, Room 2170. 8888 University Drive ...
Human Motion Kinetics | Purdue Engineering Online
Purdues top-ranked online graduate programs in Engineering offer a wide array of Masters of Science degrees. Click here or ... Review of human anatomy and anthropometric data. Planar and three-dimensional kinematic analysis of gross human motion. ... Detailed kinematic studies of human joints. Newton-Euler methods for joint torques. Muscle force and power analysis. In ... Have a complete collection of information on our mechanical engineering program sent straight to your inbox. ...
Engineering psychology and human performance - Christopher D. Wickens - Google Books
Human engineering. Human-machine systems. Man-machine systems. Psychology / Industrial & Organizational Psychology. Psychology ... Psychology fault diagnosis feedback Fitts frequency function Human Factors Human Factors Society human operator human ... human_perform.html?id=qm5RAAAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareEngineering psychology and human performance. ... Engineering Psychology and Human Performance. Christopher D. Wickens,Justin G. Hollands,Simon Banbury,Raja Parasuraman. Limited ...
CDC - Mining - Cost Relationship Between Performance Engineering & human beh - NIOSH
Mining Publication: The Cost Relationship Between Performance Engineering and Human Behavior. Keywords: Costs Engineering Rates ... The net result if the acquisition of an ability to offer more specific guidelines for human resource development at the mine ... This, in turn, can help human resource developers better target groups of tasks and subtasks as candidates for improved ... Even pure "market economists," tempted always to seek technology and human operators that "run faster" at "less cost," might ...
NIMH » Engineering Next-Generation Human Nervous System Microphysiological Systems
This concept encourages research directed toward developing next-generation human cell-derived microphysiological systems (MPS ... Human cell-based assays (e.g., using induced pluripotent stem cells) hold promise for identifying molecular, cellular, and ... Comparison with human anatomical, histological, or systems-level data to facilitate assay validation ... This concept encourages research directed toward developing next-generation human cell-derived microphysiological systems (MPS ...
Medical Devices and Human Engineering (Hardback) - Routledge
The Biomedical Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition, sets the standard against which all other references of this nature are ... human performance engineering, rehabilitation engineering, and clinical engineering.. More than three dozen specific topics are ... Medical Devices and Human Engineering, the second volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with ... Human Performance Engineering Design and Analysis Tools; Paul J. Vasta and George V. Kondraske ...
China Genetically Engineering Monkeys to be More Human | National Review
China Genetically Engineering Monkeys to be More Human By Wesley J. Smith * About Wesley J. Smith ... Now, Chinese scientists have genetically engineered a monkey to make it more human. From the MIT Technology Review:. "This was ... I produced, engineered, and gave voice to the original talking G.I. Joe, for Hasbro. So there was a little irony when, shortly ... Wesley J. Smith is an author and a senior fellow at the Discovery Institutes Center on Human Exceptionalism. @forcedexit ...
Human Factors Engineering in the Design of Nuclear Power Plants | IAEA
IAEA Safety Standards, Nuclear Power Plants, Human Factors, Safety Measures, HFE, Human Factor Engineering, Programme ... INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Human Factors Engineering in the Design of Nuclear Power Plants, IAEA Safety Standards ... The Safety Guide provides a structured approach and guidance on application of human factors engineering (HFE) in the design of ... Human Machine Interface, Human Physical, Cognitive Processes, Emergency Response, Verification, Validation, Data, Safety ...
Smithfield Is Engineering Pigs for Use in Human Transplants
... including organs that may one day be transplanted into humans. ... including organs that may one day be transplanted into humans. ... no one knows if inserting human cells into non-human animal embryos might lead to the creation of non-human animals with human ... made history by creating a human-pig hybrid, a task achieved by injecting days-old pig embryos with human pluripotent stem ... Are Pig-Human Organ Transplants Coming?. It hasnt happened yet, but the research is moving this way. One of the hurdles is ...
Human-centred Design Engineering | Faculty of Engineering | Imperial College London
Interpret human factors contexts within a human-centered design approach. * Demonstrate design engineering process ... Human Factors:. Human abilities and limitations. Conceptual and mental models. Decision making and DSS. Human error and ... Students will also learn and develop design engineering communication techniques; including design drawing, engineering drawing ... competence and self-confidence in the key elements of creative human centred design engineering tools and process. ...
How Does Genetic Engineering Affect Human Health And The... | Bartleby
Genetic engineering is a technique involving the manipulation of an organisms genome through the insertion of a gene, removal ... Genetic Engineering And Human Engineering. 3020 Words , 13 Pages Genetic engineering is a highly debated topic across the world ... Genetic Engineering : Human Race. 2497 Words , 10 Pages Andrew Leicht 8/24/2014 Genetic Engineering Genetic engineering is a ... How Does Human Activity Affect Our Environment?. 1259 Words , 6 Pages * The Genetic Engineering of Human Food. 1924 Words , 8 ...
CiteSeerX - Reverse engineering of regulatory networks in human B cells.
... regression techniques Here we present the successful reverse engineering of geneexpression profile data from human B cells. Our ... This challenge, called network reverse engineering or deconvolution, has led to an entirely new class of methods aimed at ... Available methods for the reverse engineering of such networks from genome-wide expression profiles have been successful only ... we report the reconstruction of regulatory networks from expression profiles of human B cells. The results are suggestive a ...
Jobs Update: The Death of U.S. Engineering | Human Events
If the current policy continues of substituting foreign engineers for American engineers, the profession will die in the United ... Job outsourcing and work visas for foreign engineers are reducing career opportunities for American engineering graduates and, ... Engineering curriculums are demanding. The rewards for the effort are being squeezed out by jobs offshoring and work visas. ... When employers allege a shortage of engineers, they mean that there is a shortage of American graduates who will work for the ...
Alzheimer's Research: How Human Genetic Engineering Could Cure Alzheimer's Disease
Alzheimers disease stages are discussed in this article, and are followed with genetic engineering and gene therapy examples ... Alzheimers Research: How Human Genetic Engineering Could Cure Alzheimers Disease. Genetics / By Paul Arnold / Genomic ... Genetic Engineering and Alzheimers Disease. Although science is a long way off from finding a cure, genetic engineering could ... How genetic engineering could help;. 1) By using the bodys immune system to fight back against the disease. In May 2008 ...
Human tissue engineered products-drugs or devices? | The BMJ
The need to regulate human tissue engineered products: ophthalmology perspective. Editor- I read your recent editorial on human ... are considered for human implantation.Furthermore we disagree with the. statement Human tissue engineered products may carry ... 1. Faulkner A, Geesink I, Kent J, FitzPatrick D. Human tissue. engineered products- drugs or device? Tackling the regulatory ... 1. Faulkner A, Geesink I, Kent J, FitzPatrick D. Human tissue. engineered products-grugs or devices? BMJ 2003;326:1159-1160 ...
RNA-Guided Human Genome Engineering via Cas9 | Science
Genome editing in human cells using an engineered type II CRISPR system. (A) RNA-guided gene targeting in human cells involves ... RNA-Guided Human Genome Engineering via Cas9. By Prashant Mali, Luhan Yang, Kevin M. Esvelt, John Aach, Marc Guell, James E. ... RNA-Guided Human Genome Engineering via Cas9. By Prashant Mali, Luhan Yang, Kevin M. Esvelt, John Aach, Marc Guell, James E. ... Here, we engineer the type II bacterial CRISPR system to function with custom guide RNA (gRNA) in human cells. For the ...
9780470740279 - The Engineering of Human Joint | eCampus.com
9780470740279 Our cheapest price for The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements is $110.32. Free shipping on all orders over $ ... The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements covers the design, engineering, production and manufacture of human joint ... The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements bridges the divide between engineering and orthopaedic surgery, offering an ... The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements. by McGeough, J. A. *ISBN13: 9780470740279. ...
In vitro biomimetic engineering of a human hematopoietic niche with functional properties | PNAS
4D). The similarities between the human tissue and our engineered niche were not restricted to structural proteins. In human ... In vitro biomimetic engineering of a human hematopoietic niche with functional properties. Paul E. Bourgine, Thibaut Klein, ... The Engineered Niche Shares Structural and Compositional Features with Native Human BM.. The role of hMSCs in the establishment ... The engineered niche shares structural and compositional features with native human BM. (A) hMSCs form a homogeneous cellular ...
Engineering Physiology - Bases of Human Factors Engineering/ Ergonomics | Karl H. E. Kroemer | Springer
This textbook discusses models of the human body providing practical information, biomechanics describing the bodys ... Engineering Physiology. Book Subtitle. Bases of Human Factors Engineering/ Ergonomics. Authors. * Karl H. E. Kroemer ... Engineering Physiology. Bases of Human Factors Engineering/ Ergonomics. Authors: Kroemer, Karl H. E., Kroemer, Hiltrud J., ... it provides information on human features and functions which are basic to ergonomics or human (factors) engineering, terms ...
JCI - Human IgG Fc domain engineering enhances antitoxin neutralizing antibody activity
In this report, we used mice expressing only human FcγRs to evaluate the contribution of FcγR-mediated pathways to the ... Fc domain variants of 19D9 hIgG1 with differential binding capacity for the various classes of human FcγRs were generated and ... We generated anti-anthrax toxin mAbs with specific Fc domain variants with selectively enhanced affinity for particular human ... These findings indicate that the application of Fc domain engineering is a feasible strategy to enhance toxin-neutralizing ...
Unmasking the Social Engineer: The Human Element of Security [Book]
Selection from Unmasking the Social Engineer: The Human Element of Security [Book] ... The Human Element of Security focuses on combining the science of understanding non-verbal communications with the knowledge ... Learn to identify the social engineer by non-verbal behavior Unmasking the Social Engineer: ... Learn to identify the social engineer by non-verbal behavior. Unmasking the Social Engineer: The Human Element of Security ...
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Ph.D. in Engineering discipline with 1 - 3 years experience. *(Biomedical Engineering or Mechanical Engineering preferred for ... Human factors and usability engineering. *Proficiency in design software (preferably Solidworks) and other general computer ... B.S. Degree in human factors engineering, experimental psychology, cognitive psychology, industrial design or a related field ... Generate and ensure approval of all device human factors engineering documentation for assigned projects ...
First 3D Engineered Vascularized Human Heart Is Bioprinted
... April 16, 2019. 0 ... A 3D-printed, small-scaled human heart engineered from the patients own materials and cells [Advanced Science. © 2019 The ... "But larger human hearts require the same technology.". For the research, a biopsy of fatty tissue was taken from patients. The ... "The biocompatibility of engineered materials is crucial to eliminating the risk of implant rejection, which jeopardizes the ...
Curing geneticResearchersInduced pluriGenesPluripotent stemScientistsOrgansErgonomicsGeneticsMice2016BiomaterialsTherapeuticBlood vesselsTherapiesDepartment of Biomedical Engineering2020NanoparticlesEmbryoGenetically engineerApproachCRISPRBehaviorBiologicalNanomaterialsAntibodiesBiomechanicsProteinWorld'sTumorsPhysiologicalMesenchymal stemCardiacLaboratoryTransplantsDesignSuccessfullyApplied scienceSocial EngineerGenome EngineeringScientistEmbryosBiomedical engineersSearchPhysiologyApproachesResearchLastlyClinicalBacteriaChemicalEthicallyVitro humanFactors EngineerComplexBehaveProgenitor cellsMechanical EngineeringEugenicsGoatAimsTraits
- In the first study published regarding human germline engineering, the researchers attempted to edit the HBB gene which codes for the human β-globin protein. (wikipedia.org)
- Earlier this year, researchers from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California, made history by creating a human-pig hybrid , a task achieved by injecting days-old pig embryos with human pluripotent stem cells. (mercola.com)
- While that is far from becoming a reality, a group of researchers was able to design and engineer human cells that are capable of becoming transparent in their laboratory experiments. (forbes.com)
- The researchers also used different concentrations of salt or sodium chloride to alter the degree of transparency in the genetically engineered human cells. (forbes.com)
- Researchers from Cincinnati Children's discuss the significance of a study published by Nature Medicine, in which human pluripotent stem cells were used to engineer human intestinal organoids with enteric nerves. (eurekalert.org)
- The technology will also allow researchers to test new therapeutics in functioning lab-engineered human intestine before clinical trials in patients. (eurekalert.org)
- Researchers started out by subjecting human pluripotent stem cells to a biochemical bath that triggers their formation into human intestinal tissue in a petri dish. (eurekalert.org)
- To engineer a nervous system for the intestinal organoids already growing in one petri dish, researchers generated embryonic-stage nerve cells called neural crest cells in a separate dish. (eurekalert.org)
- The goats being engineered by these UC Davis researchers actually produce milk containing some of the enzymes and proteins naturally found in breast milk. (inhabitat.com)
- Because of this, the UC Davis researchers, along with other supporters note that goats's "human" milk shouldn't be written off just because it's genetically engineered. (inhabitat.com)
- The advance builds on work published in 2015 when researchers at Duke University grew the first functioning human muscle tissue from cells obtained from muscle biopsies. (eurekalert.org)
- In the new study, the researchers instead started with human induced pluripotent stem cells. (eurekalert.org)
- In 2012, U.S. researchers published a human trial that resulted in the sacking of three officials when it was discovered that their subjects-Chinese schoolchildren between the ages of six and eight-and their families didn't have a full picture of what Golden Rice really was. (fastcompany.com)
- The banana researchers, however, have chosen to do their human trials in the United States. (fastcompany.com)
- Researchers from the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) have just sent their technology, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, to Iowa State University, which will test how well the bananas can translate increased amounts of beta carotene into vitamin A in humans. (fastcompany.com)
- Researchers tissue-engineered human pancreatic islets in a laboratory that develop a circulatory system, secrete hormones like insulin and successfully treat sudden-onset type 1 diabetes in transplanted mice. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- After the tissue-engineered islets were transplanted into humanized mouse models of severe type 1 diabetes, they resolved the animals' disease, report researchers. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- And although stem cell-based tissue engineering has tremendous therapeutic potential, its future clinical use still faces the critical challenge of ensuring a blood supply to nourish the transplanted tissues, according to researchers. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- Observing the remarkable capacity of this mechanism to identify and excise short sequences of DNA, researchers proposed to turn the naturally-occurring gene-splicing system into an intentionally-engineered tool for gene editing. (culture-of-life.org)
- Chemically engineered peptides, designed and developed by a team of researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, could prove valuable in the battle against some of the most persistent human health challenges. (news-medical.net)
- The team's findings, recently published in Nature Scientific Reports , demonstrate how researchers can engineer peptides capable of selectively and specifically binding to polysialic acid (PSA) -- a carbohydrate that is present in many human cells and plays a key role in various physiological and pathological processes, including neurological development and disease progression. (news-medical.net)
- The Human Genome Project, now complete, has provided a map of the intricacies in human DNA, allowing researchers to begin looking at the purpose of each gene. (brightkite.com)
- Researchers in the US have discovered a new way to use the human body as a communication medium for networking electronic devices in and on the body. (theengineer.co.uk)
- Purdue researchers have published their findings in ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design ( ISLPED ), IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference ( EMBC ) and IEEE Design, Automation & Test in Europe Conference & Exhibition ( DATE ). (theengineer.co.uk)
- When including the information processing done in the brain and the physiological response that it elicits, one can see why the Human Auditory System has been giving researchers a hard time since the turn of the twentieth century. (wikibooks.org)
- Generated from human pluripotent stem cells by researchers at Cincinnati Children's, the engineered intestines and enteric nerves give scientists an unprecedented tool for studying intestinal disease and new treatments. (newswise.com)
- By mixing the genomes of spiders and humans, researchers say they can create genetically altered human skin that could withstand a bullet fired from a .22-caliber long rifle. (mnn.com)
- Imagine replacing keratin, the protein responsible for the toughness of the human skin, with this spider silk protein," said Jalila Essaidi, one of the Dutch researchers behind the project. (mnn.com)
- To test it, researchers genetically engineered a goat to produce milk that is packed with the spider silk protein. (mnn.com)
- aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results on all aspects of Human and Computer Engineering. (waset.org)
- Students of human ecology related fields, their parents and employers, and researchers will find this article's answers to these question useful. (ssrn.com)
- An essential resource for researchers and student in kinesiology, bioengineering (rehabilitation engineering), physical education, ergonomics, and physical and occupational therapy, this text will also provide valuable to professionals in orthopedics, muscle physiology, and rehabilitation medicine. (wiley.com)
- Researchers from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) are trying to improve automated planners by giving them the benefit of human intuition. (controleng.com)
- With this new tool, a major barrier to breaking into bacteria DNA has been solved, and researchers can use the method to engineer more clinically relevant bacteria. (phys.org)
- A team of researchers, including engineers from the Tufts Department of Biomedical Engineering, has shown that these signs of mitochondrial dysfunction can be seen in living human skin by monitoring the mitochondrial metabolic coenzyme NADH. (tufts.edu)
- A team of researchers from the School of Engineering, the School of Medicine, and physicians at Tufts Medical Center have developed a method using fluorescence to detect pre-cancerous metabolic and physical changes in epithelial cells. (tufts.edu)
- Engineers and researchers design unique in vitro model to study the causes and treatments of neurological disease. (tufts.edu)
- DURHAM, N.C. -- Biomedical engineers have grown the first functioning human skeletal muscle from induced pluripotent stem cells. (eurekalert.org)
- Scientists tested their processing system with donated human organ cells (pancreas, heart, brain, etc.), with mouse organ cells and with induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS). (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- This genetic map gives the location of each of the approximately 100,000 human genes composed of roughly 3 billion nucleotides. (factmonster.com)
- The use of transgenic monkeys to study human genes linked to brain evolution is a very risky road to take," says James Sikela, a geneticist who carries out comparative studies among primates at the University of Colorado. (nationalreview.com)
- Other companies in the market, which come from the biotech industry, have bred pigs with human genes added to their livers, kidneys and hearts. (mercola.com)
- The simple definition for genetic engineering according to CSIRO is "The use of modern biotechnology techniques to change genes of an organism, such as plant or animal. (bartleby.com)
- This challenge, called network reverse engineering or deconvolution, has led to an entirely new class of methods aimed at producing high-fidelity representations of cellular networks as graphs, where nodes represent genes and edges between them represent interactions, either between the encoded proteins or between the encoded proteins and the genes (we use 'genetic interaction' to refer to both types of mechanisms). (psu.edu)
- Though embryo screening is seen as a gift because of its ability to detect diseased genes, human genetic engineering can be viewed as a greater blessing with its ability to modify the gene carrying the disease. (brightkite.com)
- Besides screening for diseases, people would take advantage of human genetic engineering by changing other genes not for health reasons, but for the sake of "improvement. (brightkite.com)
- Oncogenes are mutant forms of normal human genes which, if not regulated, can trigger a cell to grow and divide uncontrollably. (brighthub.com)
- This is possible by adding the silk-producing genes of a spider to the genome of a human: creating a bulletproof human. (mnn.com)
- The framework regions (FR) - the regions most implicated in tolerance - of these NHP antibody fragments were shown to be very similar to FR encoded by human germline genes. (biomedsearch.com)
- Scientists can identify pathogenic genes through genetic engineering. (phys.org)
- Currently, there are no FDA-approved reporter genes and few methods have advanced to human studies. (frontiersin.org)
- Herein, we outline current reporter gene approaches to track engineered cells in vivo , analyze why current reporter genes have not progressed into the clinic, and propose "rules" for designing a widely applicable reporter gene for use in humans. (frontiersin.org)
- CINCINNATI - Scientists report in Nature Medicine using human pluripotent stem cells to grow human intestinal tissues that have functioning nerves in a laboratory, and then using these to recreate and study a severe intestinal nerve disorder called Hirschsprung's disease. (eurekalert.org)
- Study authors at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center say the paper puts medical science a step closer to using human pluripotent stem cells (which can become any cell type in the body) for regenerative medicine and growing patient-specific human intestine for transplant. (eurekalert.org)
- Starting with pluripotent stem cells that are not muscle cells, but can become all existing cells in our body, allows us to grow an unlimited number of myogenic progenitor cells," said Nenad Bursac, professor of biomedical engineering at Duke University. (eurekalert.org)
- It's taken years of trial and error, making educated guesses and taking baby steps to finally produce functioning human muscle from pluripotent stem cells," said Lingjun Rao, a postdoctoral researcher in Bursac's laboratory and first author of the study. (eurekalert.org)
- Scientists discuss research findings, reported Nov. 21 by Nature Medicine, in which they used human pluripotent stem cells to grow human intestinal tissues that have functioning nerves in a laboratory. (newswise.com)
- This past year we successfully transitioned our laboratory to the Gladstone Institutes and have significantly increased our work with differentiation and engineering of 3D tissue constructs from human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). (ca.gov)
- The first attempt to edit the human germline was reported in 2015, when a group of Chinese scientists used the gene editing technique CRISPR/Cas9 to edit single-celled, non-viable embryos to see the effectiveness of this technique. (wikipedia.org)
- Medical Devices and Human Engineering , the second volume of the handbook, presents material from respected scientists with diverse backgrounds in biomedical sensors, medical instrumentation and devices, human performance engineering, rehabilitation engineering, and clinical engineering. (routledge.com)
- Now, Chinese scientists have genetically engineered a monkey to make it more human. (nationalreview.com)
- For example, scientists there brought cloned monkeys to birth recently, meaning human reproductive cloning could be on the horizon. (nationalreview.com)
- About 70% of dieses that humans encounter can be easily traced to a similar case that can be found in the fly's genome, which is why scientists choose to work them (Ren 2014). (bartleby.com)
- The scientists used genetic engineering to block a particular immune system response in cells outside the brain. (brighthub.com)
- Scientists at Tel Aviv University (TAU) have printed the world's first 3D vascularized engineered heart using a patient's own cells and biological materials. (genengnews.com)
- Last year scientists cloned cow's milk to resemble human breast milk . (inhabitat.com)
- Now other livestock are fair game as scientists have recently engineered goats chock full of human breast milk qualities. (inhabitat.com)
- Scientists have been working on how to design genetically modified goats who can produce human breast milk for some time now, but recently, animal scientists at the University of California, Davis figured out the puzzle. (inhabitat.com)
- Scientists reporting research data in Cell Reports say their goal is to one day translate the bioengineering process to human patients with diabetes. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- To engineer the organs, the scientists used animal livers that were treated with a mild detergent to remove all cells (a process called decellularization), leaving only the collagen "skeleton" or support structure. (scienceblog.com)
- After a week in the bioreactor system, the scientists documented the progressive formation of human liver tissue, as well as liver-associated function. (scienceblog.com)
- This presentation at 'Diskurs, Macht, Biomedizin' (Discourse, Power, Biomedicine) conference at Institut für Pölitische Wissenschaft, University of Hannover illustrates how, in anticipation of such unease, as well as because of growing distrust in scientists and the government, many discussions and debates about embryo cloning and further embryo research have been carefully channelled in certain directions in an attempt to 'engineer consent' to such research. (thecornerhouse.org.uk)
- Scientists at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have developed a tissue-engineered model of lung and trachea which contains the diverse cell types present in the human respiratory tract. (scienceblog.com)
- Now, as if inspired by a comic book, scientists working with the Forensic Genomics Consortium in the Netherlands want to mix the genomes of spiders and humans to create - though not quite a real-life spiderman - a superhuman with silk-like, bulletproof skin, according to the Daily Mail . (mnn.com)
- The problem, Johnston explained, is that when scientists want to place human-made DNA into bacteria, they confront the exact same defense systems that protect bacteria against a virus. (phys.org)
- To get past this barrier, scientists add specific modifications to disguise the human-made DNA and trick the bacterium into thinking the intruder is a part of its own DNA. (phys.org)
- Scientists have used genetic engineering to create mosquitoes whose immune systems kill the malaria parasite. (earthsky.org)
- Scientists at the University of California at Irvine and and the Pasteur Institute in Paris say they've used genetic engineering to create mosquitoes that can't infect people with malaria. (earthsky.org)
- Bottom line: Scientists at the University of California at Irvine and and the Pasteur Institute in Paris have used genetic engineering to create mosquitoes whose immune systems kill the malaria parasite. (earthsky.org)
- Exponent scientists and engineers have published peer-reviewed articles on the subjects of risk communication including experimental research on warnings compliance, reviews of the warnings scientific literature, analyses of the real-world effectiveness of warnings, and historical trends in warning labeling. (exponent.com)
- The CAFO (concentrated animal feeding operation) giant has even created a new bioscience unit for this purpose, in the hopes of growing pig organs that could one day be transplanted into humans. (mercola.com)
- There's also a risk that the pig organs could be rejected in humans. (mercola.com)
- 8 The ability to grow human organs in pigs is undoubtedly an intriguing area of research, especially as about 76,000 Americans sit in wait of healthy organs for transplant. (mercola.com)
- These results demonstrate the potential of the approach for engineering personalized tissues and organs, or for drug screening in an appropriate anatomical structure and patient-specific biochemical microenvironment. (genengnews.com)
- According to Dvir, the use of "native" patient-specific materials is crucial to successfully engineering tissues and organs. (genengnews.com)
- The tissue-engineering process also uses two types of embryonic-stage progenitor cells, which support formation of the body and its specific organs. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- Not only must we learn how to grow billions of liver cells at one time in order to engineer livers large enough for patients, but we must determine whether these organs are safe to use in patients. (scienceblog.com)
- The institute has used biomaterials alone, cell therapies, and engineered tissues and organs for the treatment of patients with injury or disease. (scienceblog.com)
- Mechanically challenged tissue-engineered organs, such as blood vessels, traditionally relied on synthetic or modified biological materials for structural support. (nih.gov)
- This is a comprehensive review of the integrated functions of cells, organs, and systems of the human body, focusing both on physiology and quantitation. (dartmouth.edu)
- Human tissues engineered from stem cells hold tremendous potential to serve as better substrates for the discovery and development of new drugs, accurately model development or disease progression, and one day ultimately be used directly to repair, restore and replace traumatically injured and chronically degenerative organs. (ca.gov)
- The book, first published in 1957, is considered a classic in human factors and ergonomics, and one of the best-established texts in the field. (wikipedia.org)
- It is frequently taught in upper-level and graduate courses in the U.S., and is relied on by practicing human factors and ergonomics professionals. (wikipedia.org)
- Professional Certification in Ergonomics in the U.S.". International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors: Volume 1. (wikipedia.org)
- Engineering Physiology, Third Edition, describes the bases of human factors and ergonomics by providing answers to these and many other questions concerning the size, build, and functioning of the human body at work. (powells.com)
- The third edition of this successful book provides numerous ideas to human factors engineers, designers, managers, industrial hygienists, safety personnel, plant engineers and supervisors, students, and anyone else interested in the ergonomics of "fitting work to the human body. (powells.com)
- Ergonomics, usability engineering, and user centred design are considered synonymous. (bmj.com)
- The Human Genome Project (HGP) is the most exciting breakthrough in human genetics in modern times! (factmonster.com)
- Drosophila is also important because it plays a big role in how we understand the basic concepts of genetics and how heredity plays affects us as humans. (bartleby.com)
- We asked experts in gerontology, neuroscience, genetics, cell biology, development, and health and fitness science to devise a human that would stand the test of time. (the-scientist.com)
- Lisa Melton, Senior News Editor at Nature Biotechnology, will moderate the event, with Ben Davies, Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics, presenting technical background. (ox.ac.uk)
- In Redesigning Humans, Gregory Stock describes a specific way genetics is already used to determine traits, saying, "This is not pie-in-the-sky genetic design. (brightkite.com)
- Just ten years removed from the sequencing of the entire human genome, we have entered a golden era of genetics. (brighthub.com)
- 2) Genetic engineering techniques in mice are revealing more about the progression of the disease and the consequences of therapeutic intervention . (brighthub.com)
- In this report, we used mice expressing only human FcγRs to evaluate the contribution of FcγR-mediated pathways to the neutralizing activity of an anti-anthrax toxin chimeric mAb. (jci.org)
- We generated anti-anthrax toxin mAbs with specific Fc domain variants with selectively enhanced affinity for particular human FcγRs and assessed their activity in FcγR-humanized mice. (jci.org)
- Takebe's and Taniguchi's research team already demonstrated the ability to use a "self-condensation" cell culture process using iPS cells to tissue engineer three-dimensional human liver organoids that can vascularize after transplant into laboratory mice. (cincinnatichildrens.org)
- Daily doses of the bacteria improved survival in mice genetically engineered to have one of the ammonia-raising metabolic disorders. (newscientist.com)
- These provisional findings confirm the results achieved under similar tests with real mice and humans. (dtu.dk)
- Transplanting regionally specific lung tissue (proximal or distal) from mice and humans generates TELu with typical location-specific tissue markers such as particular alveolar or air sac cells in the distal TELu or tracheal epithelial cells organized with cartilage and ciliated appendages for proximal lung. (scienceblog.com)
- However, we know that mice and monkeys don't develop diseases the same way that humans do, so they often don't make for the most ideal test subjects. (medgadget.com)
- We all welcome the new guidelines produced by the Medical Devices Agency on the use of human derived therapeutic products. (bmj.com)
- These findings indicate that the application of Fc domain engineering is a feasible strategy to enhance toxin-neutralizing activity and suggest that engineered antitoxin antibodies will have improved therapeutic efficacy. (jci.org)
- These results indicate that stem cells engineered with biodegradable polymer nanoparticles may be therapeutic tools for vascularizing tissue constructs and treating ischemic disease. (pnas.org)
- Recombinant antibodies are therapeutic molecules of choice regarding their efficacy, pharmacokinetics and tolerance - all the more if they are human. (biomedsearch.com)
- This is the first time anyone anywhere has successfully engineered and printed an entire heart replete with cells, blood vessels, ventricles, and chambers," said Tal Dvir, PhD, a professor at TAU's School of Molecular Cell Biology and Biotechnology, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology and Sagol Center for Regenerative Biotechnology, who led the research for the study. (genengnews.com)
- They then replaced the original cells with two types of human cells: immature liver cells known as progenitors, and endothelial cells that line blood vessels. (scienceblog.com)
- A University of Washington bioengineer has succeeded in creating a 3D structure of human blood vessels that can not only smoothly transport human blood, but can also react similarly to human blood vessels when subjected to chemicals and proteins found in the body. (medgadget.com)
- The structure consists of a scaffold made of collagen, the body's most abundant protein, and human epithelial cells (found in the lining of human blood vessels), which grew to form a network of tubes capable of transporting blood cells. (medgadget.com)
- As we mentioned, the engineered blood vessels act amazingly similar to human blood vessels when exposed to certain substances. (medgadget.com)
- Likewise,we can more quickly apply many more therapies in this model in order to - hopefully - deliver future human therapies. (scienceblog.com)
- The objective of this proposal is to develop cardiac and neural 3D microtissues from human pluripotent stem cell (PSC) sources that can be used to model human development and disease as well as potentially be used directly for regenerative medicine therapies. (ca.gov)
Department of Biomedical Engineering1
- Nonviral, biodegradable polymeric nanoparticles were developed to deliver hVEGF gene to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human embryonic stem cell-derived cells (hESdCs). (pnas.org)
- Here, we developed biodegradable polymer-DNA nanoparticles to engineer stem cells to efficiently express angiogenic factors for the purpose of promoting angiogenesis in vivo. (pnas.org)
- Bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and human embryonic stem cell-derived cells (hESdCs) were modified with angiogenic factor (VEGF) DNA by using poly(β-amino esters), a family of hydrolytically biodegradable polymers that can condense DNA to form nanoparticles ( 14 ). (pnas.org)
- According to them, many see germline modification as being more moral than the alternative, which would be either discarding of the embryo, or birth of a diseased human. (wikipedia.org)
- The journalistic hype over CRISPR has reached heights unseen since embryo destructive stem cell (ESC) research was touted fifteen years ago as a panacea for all human ills. (culture-of-life.org)
- T he first experiment in changing the genetic instructions in a human embryo is now up for review at the National Institutes of Health. (vision.org)
- Many viewed his actions as a violation of international bans on the gene editing of a live human embryo. (naturalnews.com)
- We found a way to genetically engineer human embryonic kidney cells to form the same types of particles that you see in leucophores," explains Gorodetsky. (forbes.com)
- When you genetically engineer an isolated human embryonic cell, you can change its transparency by putting these protein particles inside. (forbes.com)
- In a paper published recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, Dr. Christopher Johnston and his colleagues at the Forsyth Institute describe a new technique to genetically engineer bacteria by making human-made DNA invisible to a bacterium's defenses. (phys.org)
- The Safety Guide provides a structured approach and guidance on application of human factors engineering (HFE) in the design of the HMI, which is the basis for human physical and cognitive processes in nuclear power plants. (iaea.org)
- Our study is based on ARACNe (algorithm for the reconstruction of accurate cellular networks), a new approach for the reverse engineering of cellular networks from microarray expression profiles. (psu.edu)
- Our results demonstrate the potential of our approach for engineering personalized tissue and organ replacement in the future. (genengnews.com)
- Published online Nov. 21, the findings describe an unprecedented approach to engineer and study tissues in the intestine - the body's largest immune organ, its food processor and main interface with the outside world. (eurekalert.org)
- The approach, of tweaking bacteria so they turn harmful ammonia into a safe compound, has shown promise in animal tests and in healthy human volunteers. (newscientist.com)
- These significant and promising research advances are a prime example of how a collaborative approach can solve persistent human health challenges," said Deepak Vashishth, the director of CBIS. (news-medical.net)
- The most straightforward approach to isolate human antibodies with high affinities is the construction and screening of human immune libraries, but Humans cannot be immunized with all antigens of interest, for ethical and practical reasons. (biomedsearch.com)
- Here, the methodological peculiarities of our approach, in comparison with immune libraries built from immunised Humans, and the rationales behind these peculiarities, will be reviewed. (biomedsearch.com)
- This is a very impressive first step for PTC for supporting a human-centric design approach. (mcadcafe.com)
- In addition, engineered tissues should behave similarly regardless of the varying source of cells, thus requiring robust, reproducible and scalable methods of biofabrication that can be achieved using a holistic systems engineering approach. (ca.gov)
- The most recent, and arguably most successful, experiment in August of 2017 attempted the correction of the heterozygous MYBPC3 mutation associated with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in human embryos with precise CRISPR-Cas9 targeting. (wikipedia.org)
- Here, we engineer the type II bacterial CRISPR system to function with custom guide RNA (gRNA) in human cells. (sciencemag.org)
- Here, we engineer the protein and RNA components of this bacterial type II CRISPR system in human cells. (sciencemag.org)
- Genome editing in human cells using an engineered type II CRISPR system. (sciencemag.org)
- Reaching down to the roots of the DNA that build, structure and maintain our bodily existence, CRISPR places in human hands the power to alter, transform and deform our nature. (culture-of-life.org)
- And at the end of July, a research team in Oregon announced it had successfully used CRISPR to snip out a disease-carrying gene in human embryos. (culture-of-life.org)
- On humans, CRISPR can be performed in two ways. (culture-of-life.org)
- We employ the CRISPR-Cas system of Streptococcus pyogenes as programmable RNA-guided endonucleases (RGENs) to cleave DNA in a targeted manner for genome editing in human cells. (nih.gov)
- This field trial of the WCPM affirms the congruency between production and operator training by providing a unique cost linkage between performance engineering and human behavior. (cdc.gov)
- The author helps readers understand how to identify and detect social engineers and scammers by analyzing their non-verbal behavior. (oreilly.com)
- Unmasking the Social Engineer shows how attacks work, explains nonverbal communications, and demonstrates with visuals the connection of non-verbal behavior to social engineering and scamming. (oreilly.com)
- Social engineers take advantage of human behavior to pull off a scam. (csoonline.com)
- They bring expertise on human cognition, perception, behavior, and information processing to both the design of warnings and the potential for behavioral change in response to safety messages. (exponent.com)
- This heart is made from human cells and patient-specific biological materials. (genengnews.com)
- It was completed in collaboration with Robert Linhardt, an endowed professor of chemistry and chemical biology, and Mattheos Koffas, an endowed professor of chemical and biological engineering, both of whom are members of CBIS as well. (news-medical.net)
- We've translated the many processes of the cerebellum into an 'engineering system' in which we've combined the biological mechanisms with conventional control techniques to control robots. (dtu.dk)
- This is the first completely biological TEBV to display a burst strength comparable to that of human vessels. (nih.gov)
- The present paper deals with the applicability of biological monitoring to the assessment of exposure and possible effects deriving from exposure to engineered nanomaterials (NM). (hindawi.com)
- These technologies are based on a decellularized Biological Vascularized Scaffold (BioVaSc), primary human cells and a tumor cell line, which can be cultured under static as well as under dynamic conditions in a flow bioreactor. (jove.com)
- This Working Group report summarizes the discussions of an expert scientific panel regarding the gaps in knowledge that impede effective human health risk assessment for nanomaterials, particularly those that are suspended in a gas or liquid and, thus, deposit on skin or in the respiratory tract. (rti.org)
- Mitotic chromosomes from human HT1080 cells were stained with antibodies against H3K9me3 (red) and CENP-A (green). (nih.gov)
- Obtention and engineering of non-human primate (NHP) antibodies for therapeutics. (biomedsearch.com)
- In one case, in a process called "germline humanization" (or "super-humanization"), we have increased that level of similarity and managed to go even beyond the level observed for human antibodies, without any loss of affinity. (biomedsearch.com)
- New material discusses, among other topics, models of the human body that provide practical and design-oriented information, biomechanics describing the body's capabilities and limitations, effects of shift work / sleep loss on attitude and performance, and new techniques to measure body sizes and the resultant changes in applications of that information. (springer.com)
- It focuses on the numerical modeling of total human joint replacements and simulation of their functions, along with the rigorous biomechanics of human joints and other skeletal parts. (wiley.com)
- Widely used and referenced, David Winter's Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination of techniques used to measure and analyze all body movements as mechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking. (wiley.com)
- His many distinctions include Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the Canadian Society for Biomechanics. (wiley.com)
- HFE is based on design related aspects of several biomedical disciplines, including anthropometrics, biomechanics, sensation and perception anatomy and physiology, and cognitive psychology, which covers models and theories of human performance, memory, and attention. (bmj.com)
- We began by synthesizing a human codon-optimized version of the Cas9 protein bearing a C-terminal SV40 nuclear localization signal and cloning it into a mammalian expression system ( Fig. 1A and fig. S1A). (sciencemag.org)
- A ) RNA-guided gene targeting in human cells involves coexpression of the Cas9 protein bearing a C-terminal SV40 nuclear localization signal (NLS) with one or more gRNAs expressed from the human U6 polymerase III promoter. (sciencemag.org)
- The kidney cells were engineered to express the protein reflectin A1 that is commonly found in the mantle of the female squids known as Doryteuthis opalescens. (forbes.com)
- The idea is to replace our keratin, the protein that makes up human skin, with a modified version of the protein in spider silk. (mnn.com)
- Furthermore, little success has been seen in treating solid tumors with engineered T cells and uncovering modes of failure is a topic of much research. (frontiersin.org)
- This scheme depicts the complexity of factors affecting outcome of adoptive T cell therapy against tumors arising from harvesting of T cells, generation of the engineered T cells, and intra- and interindividual differences in the tumor-bearing host. (frontiersin.org)
- More than three dozen specific topics are examined, including optical sensors, implantable cardiac pacemakers, electrosurgical devices, blood glucose monitoring, human-computer interaction design, orthopedic prosthetics, clinical engineering program indicators, and virtual instruments in health care. (routledge.com)
- Generation of thick vascularized tissues that fully match the patient still remains an unmet challenge in cardiac tissue engineering. (genengnews.com)
- During the past year we have made significant progress in creating 3D cardiac microtissues from heart muscle and supporting cells derived from PSCs and/or human tissue. (ca.gov)
- We anticipate that these investigations will lead to better models of engineered cardiac tissue that more accurately reflect properties of real heart tissue. (ca.gov)
- The process was essentially the same as that used by the Wells' lab in a landmark 2010 Nature study, which reported the first-ever generation of three-dimensional human intestinal organoids in a laboratory. (eurekalert.org)
- They are the first to use human liver cells to successfully engineer miniature livers that function - at least in a laboratory setting - like human livers. (scienceblog.com)
- Laboratory-engineered livers could also be used to test the safety of new drugs. (scienceblog.com)
- The narrative deals with the intervention in human nature by growing humans in a laboratory instead of being born. (grin.com)
- He directs the Human Centered Robotics Laboratory , where his research focuses on design and control of robots that are safe, compliant and autonomous. (utexas.edu)
- Human Factors in Engineering and Design is an engineering textbook, currently in its seventh edition. (wikipedia.org)
- This paper will address the human factors engineering effort undertaken to aid in the early-on design of the Space Station structure, with particular emphasis on structural assembly operations. (sae.org)
- INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY, Human Factors Engineering in the Design of Nuclear Power Plants, IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSG-51, IAEA, Vienna (2019). (iaea.org)
- This publication provides recommendations and guidance for meeting Requirement 32 of IAEA Safety Standards Series No. SSR-2/1 (Rev. 1), Safety of Nuclear Power Plants: Design, for optimal operator performance involving systematic consideration of human factors, including the human machine interface (HMI). (iaea.org)
- This module aims to develop students' competence and self-confidence in the key elements of creative human centred design engineering tools and process. (imperial.ac.uk)
- including design drawing, engineering drawing, 3D computer aided design, 2D digital graphics and oral presentation. (imperial.ac.uk)
- These two elements combine in a substantial structured design engineering project which involves both individual and team based activity. (imperial.ac.uk)
- Student confidence and ability to work autonomously is developed through the requirement to investigate and define a human centred design engineering opportunity/problem area, establish meaningful links with users and stakeholders for information gathering and validation and manage the overall project process to deliver a complete set of outcomes in submissions, presentation and an exhibition of work. (imperial.ac.uk)
- The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements covers the design, engineering, production and manufacture of human joint replacements, as well as associated engineering concerns such as surface coatings, orthopedic bone cement, the causes and effects of wear and tear, and rapid prototyping for clinical evaluation. (ecampus.com)
- The Engineering of Human Joint Replacements bridges the divide between engineering and orthopaedic surgery, offering an introductory text to young engineers entering the field, as well as a reference for medical staff who will benefit from an understanding of the materials and methods used in their design, engineering and manufacture. (ecampus.com)
- It develops a series of hypotheses to be tested, articulates a new Taylorist theory to explain the design of human-computer interfaces used to form electronic contracts, and defends a series of reform proposals. (ssrn.com)
- Led by Dr. Laurence Kenney and Professor David Howard (School of Computing, Science and Engineering) within this research area we are focusing on the biomechanical aspects of the design and development of new functional electrical stimulation (FES) prosthetic and orthotic technologies, as well as their evaluation using wearable sensors. (salford.ac.uk)
- Dr. Sentis' class gives the students a hands-on chance to design and implement a human-centered robotics project of their choosing. (utexas.edu)
- They were able to investigate how different position and force control strategies influence the dynamics of below-knee amputee walking by comparing their design to normal human locomotion. (utexas.edu)
- The Third Edition of Kroemer's "Engineering Physiology" provides information on how the body functions at work, and on how one should design a work environment so that the body can function well. (powells.com)
- The steps of that process -- Evolutionary Engineering -- show how 18 different bodies of knowledge are used by human ecologists when they create, improve, influence, or design systems that reflexively evolve. (ssrn.com)
- Difficulties in designing systems that evolve, living systems, human systems, and difficulties inherent in design itself are used to specify roles for Evolutionary Engineers. (ssrn.com)
- The study, measurement improvement, and self-emergent design of policy processes is examined as a major field of application of Evolutionary Engineering. (ssrn.com)
- This guidance provides recommendations for medical device design optimization through human factors analysis, testing and validation. (elsmar.com)
- A case study is presented which illustrates the vulnerabilities of human factors design in a transport monitor. (bmj.com)
- Human factors engineering (HFE) is a discipline concerned with the design of tools, machines, and systems that take into account human capabilities, limitations, and characteristics. (bmj.com)
- The goals are to design for safe, comfortable, and effective human use. (bmj.com)
- This design process focuses on user needs, user characteristics, and end user testing of the human-machine interface. (bmj.com)
- PTC announced the launch of Pro/ENGINEER Manikin, a 3D digital human modeling solution that enables design teams to add a digital human model to a CAD product model to simulate and communicate human-product interactions. (mcadcafe.com)
- Additionally, beginning in December 2008, basic manikin capabilities that enable users to insert a pre-defined manikin into a CAD model and easily manipulate the posture to gain an understanding of how a human would fit or interact with a proposed design will be included in all Pro/ENGINEER packages at no additional charge for those customers on the latest maintenance release of Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 4.0. (mcadcafe.com)
- The new capabilities introduced in Pro/ENGINEER Manikin will dramatically improve our ability to design innovative products for our customers. (mcadcafe.com)
- The vision cones, reach envelopes and other human factors analysis capabilities provide valuable insight earlier in the product design and development process," states Patrick Hodgins, chief engineer, Callaway Cars. (mcadcafe.com)
- Having the capability to perform human-product interactions early in the development cycle supports innovation and helps optimize the design process," said Michael Campbell, senior vice president, product management, PTC. (mcadcafe.com)
- Allowing design engineers to know how a customer will physically interact with a product during the design process enables them to design products that will be optimized for their target audience. (mcadcafe.com)
- 52% of human embryos were successfully edited to retain only the wild type normal copy of MYBPC3 gene, the rest of the embryos were mosaic, where some cells in the zygote contained the normal gene copy and some contained the mutation. (wikipedia.org)
- In order to develop new 3D models of neural tissue, particularly spinal cord, we have successfully differentiated multiple neuronal cell types, including a new excitatory spinal interneuron (V2a) that has not previously been reported from human PSCs. (ca.gov)
- Unmasking the Social Engineer: The Human Element of Security focuses on combining the science of understanding non-verbal communications with the knowledge of how social engineers, scam artists and con men use these skills to build feelings of trust and rapport in their targets. (oreilly.com)
- Sharing proven scientific methodology for reading, understanding, and deciphering non-verbal communications, Unmasking the Social Engineer arms readers with the knowledge needed to help protect their organizations. (oreilly.com)
- The Tools of the Social Engineer. (prweb.com)
- He presently is "Operations" for Offensive Security and the lead developer of Social-Engineer.Org. (prweb.com)
- Chris is also the lead social engineer in the Offsec pen testing team. (prweb.com)
- Chris can be found online at http://www.social-engineer.org , twitter as @humanhacker. (prweb.com)
- For example, instead of trying to find a software vulnerability, a social engineer might call an employee and pose as an IT support person, trying to trick the employee into divulging his password. (csoonline.com)
- Even if you've got all the bells and whistles when it comes to securing your data center, your cloud deployments, your building's physical security, and you've invested in defensive technologies, have the right security policies and processes in place and measure their effectiveness and continuously improve, still a crafty social engineer can weasel his way right through (or around). (csoonline.com)
- Once a social engineer has a trusted employee's password, he can simply log in and snoop around for sensitive data. (csoonline.com)
- Our results establish an RNA-guided editing tool for facile, robust, and multiplexable human genome engineering. (sciencemag.org)
- By cleaving genomic sequences targeted by RNA sequences ( 4 - 6 ), such a system could greatly enhance the ease of genome engineering. (sciencemag.org)
- Targeted genome engineering in human cells with the Cas9 RNA-guided endonuclease. (nih.gov)
- National Creative Research Initiatives Center for Genome Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea. (nih.gov)
- When a Chinese scientist known as JK genetically engineered two children a bit ago, outrage was (temporarily) expressed. (nationalreview.com)
- The study, led by principal investigator Tracy Grikscheit, MD, a pediatric surgeon and scientist at The Saban Research Institute of CHLA, was published this week in the online version of the journal Tissue Engineering . (scienceblog.com)
- The human-pig embryos were then transferred into adult pigs and allowed to grow for up to four weeks, before they were "removed and analyzed. (mercola.com)
- Indeed, no one knows if inserting human cells into non-human animal embryos might lead to the creation of non-human animals with human consciousness. (mercola.com)
- This concept encourages research directed toward developing next-generation human cell-derived microphysiological systems (MPS) and related assays that replicate complex nervous system architectures and physiology with improved fidelity over current capabilities. (nih.gov)
- The Third Edition of Engineering Physiology has new information on body size and how to fit equipment to it. (powells.com)
- Written for engineers, managers, designers, and safety professionals, concise, comprehensive information is presented in a way that does not require expertise in physiology, biology or medicine. (powells.com)
- This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) encourages research grant applications directed toward developing next-generation human cell-derived microphysiological systems (MPS) with improved fidelity to complex human brain, spinal, peripheral nervous system and/or sensory end organ circuit physiology in vivo, which will ultimately facilitate analysis of higher order functional deficits relevant to complex nervous system disorders. (nih.gov)
- It fills the gap in human movement science area where modern science and technology are integrated with anatomy, muscle physiology, and electromyography to assess and understand human movement. (wiley.com)
- Current genetic engineering approaches often disguise the human-made DNA as bacterial DNA to thwart these defenses, but the process requires highly specific modifications and is expensive and time-consuming. (phys.org)
- Fundamental approaches to live T cell immune therapy are the use of cells transduced with T cell receptors (TCRs) in which recognition of the tumor antigen occurs through presentation on cell surface human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and the use of chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) that typically are specified by a single-chain variable region domain of an antibody and directed to a cell surface tumor-associated antigen ( 1 , 2 ). (frontiersin.org)
- The student selected for this position will need to complete on-line certification training related to ethical conduct of human subjects research provided through the Social and Behavioral Sciences Institutional Review Board. (virginia.edu)
- The phenomenon of course has to be seen in humans if this particular avenue of research is to bear fruit. (brighthub.com)
- The article is misleading as tissue engineering research is in its infancy and products of sufficient quality for routine clinical use remain a long way away. (bmj.com)
- Human-Computer Interaction: An Empirical Research Perspective is the definitive guide to empirical research in HCI. (tradebit.com)
- As science continues to learn more about how important intestinal health is to overall health, Wells and Helmrath said using functioning lab-generated human intestine creates an array of new research opportunities. (eurekalert.org)
- Handbook of Research on Computational Simulation and Modeling in Engineering. (igi-global.com)
- Handbook of Research on Computational Simulation and Modeling in Engineering (pp. 359-388). (igi-global.com)
- A research group at DTU Electrical Engineering headed by Assistant Professor Silvia Tolu has developed a new bio-inspired control system for robots based on the human cerebellum. (dtu.dk)
- Experience of experimental research involving human participants is also preferable but is not essential. (salford.ac.uk)
- Modification of the human genome will occur as a natural result of genetic research, even if it does not directly pertain to reshaping human DNA. (brightkite.com)
- The natural procedure for research in medicine or any science is to experiment first with animals and then with humans, making the latter the next step for human genetic engineering. (brightkite.com)
- If you are interested in finding out more about this class or research work in human-centered robotics, please email Dr. Sentis to set up a meeting. (utexas.edu)
- Also, high quality research contributions describing original and unpublished results of conceptual, constructive, empirical, experimental, or theoretical work in all areas of Human and Computer Engineering are cordially invited for presentation at the conference. (waset.org)
- Though in passing this article deals with material on the origins of human ecology as a field and the way it is taught at various higher education institutions, the primary thrust of this article is answering the research questions, not repeating institutional or intellectual history. (ssrn.com)
- This new genetic engineering tool opens up the possibilities for research on bacteria that haven't been well studied before. (phys.org)
- Engineering faculty Professor Sameer Sonkusale and Associate Professor Qiaobing Xu , working with Assistant Professor Jimmy Crott from the Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging, have received a $1 million grant from the Office of Naval Research to build biomedical microdevices to investigate the gut microbiome. (tufts.edu)
- Nikhil Nair , assistant professor of biomedical engineering, received an NIH Director's New Innovator Award for his research on engineering bacteria to treat inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs). (tufts.edu)
- When compared to aerobic coculture conditions, the establishment of a transluminal hypoxia gradient in the chip increased intestinal barrier function and sustained a physiologically relevant level of microbial diversity, consisting of over 200 unique operational taxonomic units from 11 different genera and an abundance of obligate anaerobic bacteria, with ratios of Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes similar to those observed in human faeces. (nature.com)
- And when healthy humans took the bacteria in a drink for two weeks, blood tests showed the bacteria were working as intended. (newscientist.com)
- Other groups are engineering bacteria so they can make human immune system chemicals as a treatment for other bowel disorders, such as Crohn's disease. (newscientist.com)
- The capacity to engineer bacteria has profound implications for medicine, for agriculture, for the chemical industry, and for the environment. (phys.org)
- For almost a decade, chemical engineers at the Henry Samueli School of Engineering at the University of California, Irvine, have been working on materials that are either derived or inspired by squids, octopus, and cuttlefish. (forbes.com)
- It's amazing how they can change colors," says Alon Gorodetsky, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering at the university. (forbes.com)
- Chemical engineers develop a directed evolution technique to engineer phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) enzymes. (tufts.edu)
- Public debate: Is genetic engineering of humans ethically justified? (ox.ac.uk)
- The human race should welcome human genetic engineering, because the technology will inevitably be used, is ethically sound, and provides opportunity for advancement in prevention of disease and enhancement of the human body. (brightkite.com)
- The development of an in vitro human bone marrow (BM) tissue appears essential to compile information on human hematopoiesis. (pnas.org)
- Maybe, but we can get a feeling of what this transhumanistic idea would be like by letting a bulletproof matrix of spider silk merge with an in vitro human skin. (mnn.com)
- Addressing this complex technical challenge requires the collaboration of experts from diverse fields, including developmental and stem cell biology, circuit and systems level neuroscience, materials science, engineering and bioethics. (nih.gov)
- A method that sustains complex microbial communities in direct contact with living human intestinal cells and their overlying mucus layer in vitro would thus enable the investigation of host-microbiome interactions. (nature.com)
- Amir H. Alavi, PhD, assistant professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, has spent much of his career developing sensors to monitor the health of large, complex structures like bridges and roads. (news-medical.net)
- Now, he has applied those skills to a smaller and even more complex structure--the human spine. (news-medical.net)
- Although the subject of aggression can be quite complex in human beings. (brighthub.com)
- This microscopic image from a study published online by Nature Medicine shows complex tissue-engineered human intestinal organoids with enteric (intestinal) nerves generated in a petri dish. (newswise.com)
- Have a complete collection of information on our mechanical engineering program sent straight to your inbox. (purdue.edu)
- Shannon graduated in 2010 from UCLA with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and a technical breadth in Technology Management. (smi-online.co.uk)
- Luis Sentis is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin since January 2010. (utexas.edu)
- Dr. Sentis' class is offered in the spring semester, and is open to all mechanical engineering graduate and senior undergraduate students, as well as a select number of other engineering and natural sciences graduate and undergraduate seniors. (utexas.edu)
- So far this "human" like milk has only been given to "the toddler equivalent" of pigs, who have indeed shown an increased resistance to illness after drinking the human-goat milk. (inhabitat.com)
- Should human babies get "breast milk" from a goat or should we leave the goat's milk for baby goats and breastfeed human babies ? (inhabitat.com)
- Human subjects in the United States will be the first to try a genetically engineered banana that aims to save children dying from malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa. (fastcompany.com)
- While all of these potential aims of genetic engineering hold positive merits, not all possibilities are of this sort. (brightkite.com)
- The new science of genetic engineering aims to take a dramatic short cut in the slow process of evolution" (Stableford 25). (avsabonline.org)
- Not only does human germline engineering allow for the selection of specific traits, but it also allows for enhancement of these traits. (wikipedia.org)
- This topic is hotly debated because the side opposing human germline modification believes that it will be used to create humans with "perfect", or "desirable" traits. (wikipedia.org)
- If certain traits can be decided on beforehand, what is stopping us from trying to get rid of traits the one may consider undesirable, or even less preferable, and completely wiping out a certain trait of human diversity? (bartleby.com)
- Human genetic engineering is eliminates certain traits to continue in future generations to man make a perfect society. (brightkite.com)