Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Body Temperature: The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.Cold Temperature: An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.Skin Temperature: The TEMPERATURE at the outer surface of the body.Body Temperature Regulation: The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)ArchivesMusic: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.NewsMusic Therapy: The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.Carbon Footprint: A measure of the total greenhouse gas emissions produced by an individual, organization, event, or product. It is measured in units of equivalent kilograms of CARBON DIOXIDE generated in a given time frame.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Protective Devices: Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.Consumer Product SafetyBurns: Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.Mediterranean Region: The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.Holidays: Days commemorating events. Holidays also include vacation periods.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Great BritainWomen's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Hernia, Hiatal: STOMACH herniation located at or near the diaphragmatic opening for the ESOPHAGUS, the esophageal hiatus.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.Meteorological Concepts: The atmospheric properties, characteristics and other atmospheric phenomena especially pertaining to WEATHER or CLIMATE.Heavy Ions: Positively-charged atomic nuclei that have been stripped of their electrons. These particles have one or more units of electric charge and a mass exceeding that of the Helium-4 nucleus (alpha particle).Linear Energy Transfer: Rate of energy dissipation along the path of charged particles. In radiobiology and health physics, exposure is measured in kiloelectron volts per micrometer of tissue (keV/micrometer T).Cosmic Radiation: High-energy radiation or particles from extraterrestrial space that strike the earth, its atmosphere, or spacecraft and may create secondary radiation as a result of collisions with the atmosphere or spacecraft.United StatesCartoons as Topic: Images used to comment on such things as contemporary events, social habits, or political trends; usually executed in a broad or abbreviated manner.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)CartoonsSouth Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Wit and Humor as Topic: The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Caricatures as Topic: Portraying in a critical or facetious way a real individual or group, or a figure representing a social, political, ethnic, or racial type. The effect is usually achieved through distortion or exaggeration of characteristics. (Genre Terms: A Thesaurus for Use in Rare Book and Special Collections Cataloguing, 2d ed)New MexicoVoice: The sounds produced by humans by the passage of air through the LARYNX and over the VOCAL CORDS, and then modified by the resonance organs, the NASOPHARYNX, and the MOUTH.RestaurantsFast Foods: Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.Coffee: A beverage made from ground COFFEA beans (SEEDS) infused in hot water. It generally contains CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE unless it is decaffeinated.Malpractice: Failure of a professional person, a physician or lawyer, to render proper services through reprehensible ignorance or negligence or through criminal intent, especially when injury or loss follows. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Liability, Legal: Accountability and responsibility to another, enforceable by civil or criminal sanctions.Thermography: Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.Thermometers: Measuring instruments for determining the temperature of matter. Most thermometers used in the field of medicine are designed for measuring body temperature or for use in the clinical laboratory. (From UMDNS, 1999)Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Thermal Conductivity: The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Trimipramine: Tricyclic antidepressant similar to IMIPRAMINE, but with more antihistaminic and sedative properties.Patch-Clamp Techniques: An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.

The determination of hemoglobin and myoglogin residues as a parameter for testing heat exposure in back bacon. (1/17330)

The use of an extraction of the heme pigments hemoglobin and myoglobin as a test for the heat exposure of back bacon was investigated by treating back bacon at varying temperatures of 50-70 degrees C and times of two to 180 minutes and observing the effect on the absorbance of heme pigment residue after nitrite oxidation. Absorbance at 409 nm was used in place of the more usual 540 nm to provide greater sensitivity in the detection of heme. A decrease in residual heme pigments was time-dependent, particularly at lower temperatures. In view of this factor and the complex nature of the heat exposure of a large block of back bacon, the application of this test would require a calibration of each process. Alternatively, limits to the amounts of heme pigment residue could be set. The heme pigment test is useful in its simplicity and overcomes difficulties associated with the coagulation and enzyme tests.  (+info)

Fecal coliform elevated-temperature test: a physiological basis. (2/17330)

The physiological basis of the Eijkman elevated-temperature test for differentiating fecal from nonfecal coliforms was investigated. Manometric studies indicated that the inhibitory effect upon growth and metabolism in a nonfecal coliform at 44.5 degrees C involved cellular components common to both aerobic and fermentative metabolism of lactose. Radioactive substrate incorporation experiments implicated cell membrane function as a principal focus for temperature sensitivity at 44.5 degrees C. A temperature increase from 35 to 44.5 degrees C drastically reduced the rates of [14C]glucose uptake in nonfecal coliforms, whereas those of fecal coliforms were essentially unchanged. In addition, relatively low levels of nonfecal coliform beta-galactosidase activity coupled with thermal inactivation of this enzyme at a comparatively low temperature may also inhibit growth and metabolism of nonfecal coliforms at the elevated temperature.  (+info)

A hyperstable collagen mimic. (3/17330)

BACKGROUND: Collagen is the most abundant protein in animals. Each polypeptide chain of collagen is composed of repeats of the sequence: Gly-X-Y, where X and Y are often L-proline (Pro) and 4(R)-hydroxy-L-proline (Hyp) residues, respectively. These chains are wound into tight triple helices of great stability. The hydroxyl group of Hyp residues contributes much to this conformational stability. The existing paradigm is that this stability arises from interstrand hydrogen bonds mediated by bridging water molecules. This model was tested using chemical synthesis to replace Hyp residues with 4(R)-fluoro-L-proline (Flp) residues. The fluorine atom in Flp residues does not form hydrogen bonds but does elicit strong inductive effects. RESULTS: Replacing the Hyp residues in collagen with Flp residues greatly increases triple-helical stability. The free energy contributed by the fluorine atom in Flp residues is twice that of the hydroxyl group in Hyp residues. The stability of the Flp-containing triple helix far exceeds that of any untemplated collagen mimic of similar size. CONCLUSIONS: Bridging water molecules contribute little to collagen stability. Rather, collagen stability relies on previously unappreciated inductive effects. Collagen mimics containing fluorine or other appropriate electron-withdrawing substituents could be the basis of new biomaterials for restorative therapies.  (+info)

Determination of pyrolysis products of smoked methamphetamine mixed with tobacco by tandem mass spectrometry. (4/17330)

This study examines the pyrolysis products of smoked methamphetamine mixed with tobacco that was trapped with a C8 adsorbent cartridge and then detected by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. According to the results, the mainstream smoke contains 2-methylpropyl-benzene, 2-chloropropyl-benzene, 2,3-dihydro-3,5-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one, 3-ethyl-phenol, methamphetamine, dimethylamphetamine, hydroquinone, 3-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-methylcarbamate phenol, N-methyl-N-(2-phenylethyl)-acetamide, 4-(3-hydroxy-1-butenyl)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexene-1-one, propanoic acid, N-acetylmethamphetamine, phenyl ester, and furfurylmethylamphetamine. In addition, the compounds in sidestream smoke are 2-propenyl benzene, phenylacetone, methamphetamine, dimethylamphetamine, benzyl methyl ketoxime, 3,4-dihydro-2-naphthalenone, N-folmyamphetamine, N-acetylamphetamine, bibenzyl, N-folmylmethamphetamine, N-acetylmethamphetamine, N-propionymethamphetamine, and furfurylmethylamphetamine. Moreover, the presence of methamphetamine promotes the oxidation of the tobacco components.  (+info)

Identification and quantification of cocaine N-oxide: a thermally labile metabolite of cocaine. (5/17330)

In this article, we report the identification and quantitation of cocaine N-oxide (CNO), a thermally labile oxidative metabolite, from both animal and human samples. The concentration of CNO is similar to the concentrations of cocaine in the samples analyzed. The technique used for the determination of CNO in this study is liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, which is necessary because CNO is converted to cocaine upon heating. This includes simple heating of aqueous solutions to temperatures in excess of 100 degrees C and analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), in which CNO is converted to cocaine in the injection port. The thermal conversion of CNO to cocaine is estimated to cause an over-reporting of cocaine levels by 10-20% when using GC-MS.  (+info)

Adenoviral gene transfer into the normal and injured spinal cord: enhanced transgene stability by combined administration of temperature-sensitive virus and transient immune blockade. (6/17330)

This study characterized gene transfer into both normal and injured adult rat dorsal spinal cord using first (E1-/E3-) or second (E1-/E2A125/E3-, temperature-sensitive; ts) generation of replication-defective adenoviral (Ad) vectors. A novel immunosuppressive regimen aimed at blocking CD4/CD45 lymphocytic receptors was tested for improving transgene persistence. In addition, the effect of gene transfer on nociception was also evaluated. Seven days after treatment, numerous LacZ-positive cells were observed after transfection with either viral vector. By 21 days after transfection, beta-galactosidase staining was reduced and suggestive of ongoing cytopathology in both Ad-treated groups, despite the fact that the immunogenicity of LacZ/Adts appeared less when compared with that elicited by the LacZ/Ad vector. In contrast, immunosuppressed animals showed a significant (P < or = 0.05) increase in the number of LacZ-positive cells not displaying cytopathology. In these animals, a concomitant reduction in numbers of macrophages/microglia and CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes was observed. Only animals that received LacZ/Adts and immunosuppression showed transgene expression after 60 days. Similar results were observed in animals in which the L4-L5 dorsal roots were lesioned before transfection. Gene transfer into the dorsal spinal cord did not affect nociception, independent of the adenovirus vector. These results indicate that immune blockade of the CD4/CD45 lymphocytic receptors enhanced transgene stability in adult animals with normal or injured spinal cords and that persistent transgene expression in the spinal cord does not interfere with normal neural function.  (+info)

Role of DnaK in in vitro and in vivo expression of virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae. (7/17330)

The dnaK gene of Vibrio cholerae was cloned, sequenced, and used to construct a dnaK insertion mutant which was then used to examine the role of DnaK in expression of the major virulence factors of this important human pathogen. The central regulator of several virulence genes of V. cholerae is ToxR, a transmembrane DNA binding protein. The V. cholerae dnaK mutant grown in standard laboratory medium exhibited phenotypes characteristic of cells deficient in ToxR activity. Using Northern blot analysis and toxR transcriptional fusions, we demonstrated a reduction in expression of the toxR gene in the dnaK mutant strain together with a concomitant increase in expression of a htpG-like heat shock gene that is located immediately upstream and is divergently transcribed from toxR. This may be due to increased heat shock induction in the dnaK mutant. In vivo, however, although expression from heat shock promoters in the dnaK mutant was similar to that observed in vitro, expression of both toxR and htpG was comparable to that by the parental strain. In both strains, in vivo expression of toxR was significantly higher than that observed in vitro, but no reciprocal decrease in htpG expression was observed. These results suggest that the modulation of toxR expression in vivo may be different from that observed in vitro.  (+info)

Cloning and expression of the dnaK gene of Campylobacter jejuni and antigenicity of heat shock protein 70. (8/17330)

Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of infectious diarrhea throughout the world. In addition, there is growing evidence that Guillain-Barre syndrome, an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the peripheral nervous system, is frequently preceded by C. jejuni infection. In the present study, the hrcA-grpE-dnaK gene cluster of C. jejuni was cloned and sequenced. The dnaK gene consists of an open reading frame of 1,869 bp and encodes a protein with a high degree of homology to other bacterial 70-kDa heat shock proteins (HSPs). The overall percentages of identity to the HSP70 proteins of Helicobacter pylori, Borrelia burgdorferi, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Bacillus subtilis were calculated to be 78.1, 60.5, 57.2, and 53. 8%, respectively. Regions similar to the Escherichia coli sigma70 promoter consensus sequence and to a cis-acting regulatory element (CIRCE) are located upstream of the hrcA gene. Following heat shock, a rapid increase of dnaK mRNA was detectable, which reached its maximum after 20 to 30 min. A 6-His-tagged recombinant DnaK protein (rCjDnaK-His) was generated in E. coli, after cloning of the dnaK coding region into pET-22b(+), and purified by affinity and gel filtration chromatography. Antibody responses to rCjDnaK-His were significantly elevated, compared to those of healthy individuals, in about one-third of the serum specimens obtained from C. jejuni enteritis patients.  (+info)

  • Washington: Hot temperature is the most important factor in predicting the risk of wildfire than humidity, rainfall, and moisture, a new study has revealed. (siasat.com)
  • They found that temperature was a better predictor than humidity, rainfall, moisture content of the vegetation and soil and other factors. (siasat.com)
  • This month we have seen record breaking temperatures but that's not all that has been hot as the property market in our area is reaching new highs. (martinco.com)
  • Another interesting aspect of our research was that those regions that normally saw 50 or more excessive hot days in a year saw the greatest increases in land area impact and the frequency of hot days. (eurekalert.org)
  • Scientists from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science and international colleagues made the finding when they focused their research on the rise of temperatures at the extreme end of the spectrum where impacts are felt the most. (eurekalert.org)
  • While global annual average near-surface temperatures are a widely used measure of climate change, this latest research reinforces that they do not account for all aspects of the climate system. (eurekalert.org)
  • Together at the same time the 3 Ds offer the perfect climate for a red-hot property market. (martinco.com)
  • It quickly became clear, the so-called "hiatus" in global average temperatures did not stop the rise in the number, intensity and area of extremely hot days" said one of the paper's authors Dr Lisa Alexander. (eurekalert.org)
  • A stagnation in the increase of global annual mean temperatures, over a relatively short period of 10 to 20 years, does not imply that global warming has stopped. (eurekalert.org)
  • This map shows trends in unusually hot temperatures at individual weather stations that have operated consistently since 1948. (epa.gov)
  • In this case, the term 'unusually hot' refers to a daily maximum temperature that is hotter than the 95th percentile temperature during the 1948-2016 period. (epa.gov)
  • Thus, the maximum temperature on a particular day at a particular station would be considered "unusually hot" if it falls within the warmest 5 percent of measurements at that station during the 1948-2016 period. (epa.gov)
  • Red upward-pointing symbols show where these unusually hot days are becoming more common. (epa.gov)
  • Blue downward-pointing symbols show where unusually hot days are becoming less common. (epa.gov)
  • F rance has broken its all-time record temperature amid a punishing heatwave that has spread across Europe killing several people, including a young farm worker in Spain. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Maximum daytime and minimum overnight temperature records tumble in European #heatwave , which poses risks to health, agriculture and environment ( #wildfires ). (telegraph.co.uk)
  • If there is a sudden heatwave and it's very hot and humid, you will need to take it easy and avoid exercising. (nct.org.uk)
  • Having a cool bath during a heatwave can help you to feel less hot and bothered. (nct.org.uk)
  • PARIS (Reuters) - Paris on Thursday recorded its hottest temperature since records began, Meteo France said, as a heatwave spread across Europe. (firstpost.com)
  • Mr Pengelly said his experiment showed how dangerous it was to leave children and pets alone in hot cars as Australia swelters during the heatwave. (thetimes.co.uk)
  • What remained were two filtered time series of the global mean temperatures for land and ocean. (nature.com)
  • A stagnation in the increase of global annual mean temperatures, over a relatively short period of 10 to 20 years, does not imply that global warming has stopped. (eurekalert.org)
  • According to the bureau, January 12-15 have already made it into the list of top 10 warmest days on record for Australia for area-averaged maximum and mean temperatures. (smh.com.au)
  • By the way, according to the Danish Meteorological Institute, the number of year-to-year Arctic days with mean temperatures above freezing has changed very little over the past 55 years, except for 2013 which had only half the long-term mean of 90 days. (cfact.org)
  • They included drinking water before becoming thirsty, cutting down on time in the sun, avoiding outdoor activity in the afternoon, and finding shade if being outdoors is necessary, as the ground could be anywhere from 40 to 60 degrees hotter, the weather service said. (courthousenews.com)
  • 1 take a fresh look at the global temperature record throughout the twentieth century, which is both a central test of climate models and prima facie evidence for man-made global warming. (nature.com)
  • Given the attention paid to these issues in, for example, the four assessment reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) over the past two decades 2 , as well as in the US Climate Change Science Program's final report on temperature trends in the lower atmosphere 3 , it is generally accepted that such a development is highly unlikely. (nature.com)
  • First, because short-term variability might mask these biases, they applied a simple filter to the data to remove two sources of significant natural climate variability: the El Niño-Southern Oscillation in the Pacific, and the interplay of land and ocean temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere. (nature.com)
  • MADRID: The past decade is almost certain to be the hottest on record, weather experts warned on Tuesday, painting a bleak picture of vanishing sea ice, devastating heatwaves and encroaching seas in a report launched at a climate summit in Spain. (com.pk)
  • Climate change studies show rising global temperatures - the 10th highest ever - and shrinking ice caps. (csmonitor.com)
  • While clearly a weather episode rather than a minimum three-decade-long climate trend, this has purportedly happened when "the first eight months of 2015 were the hottest stretch yet recorded for the globe's surface land and oceans based upon temperature records going back to 1880. (cfact.org)
  • The extent to which heat tolerance is affected by residence in a semitropical climate, season of the year, and job heat exposure, is studied in two groups of subjects: those exposed to heat in their jobs, and those working in neutral temperature jobs. (cdc.gov)
  • Get out of the heat immediately to a place with a lower temperature. (healthline.com)
  • National Multiple Sclerosis Society: "Heat & Temperature Sensitivity. (webmd.com)
  • Water heater thermostats are not very accurate and there is some heat loss between the hot water tank and the tap. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Similarly, those with heart conditions and hypertension should turn down their hot tub thermostats a bit from the recommended 40 degrees C because heat will raise blood pressure. (ehow.co.uk)
  • Hot dogs are sold fully cooked, so do you need to grill or heat them? (thekitchn.com)
  • J.P. Gupta, a meteorologist in Lucknow, the capital of northern Uttar Pradesh state, said the heat wave will remain intense until next week, when dust storms may bring relief from soaring temperatures. (foxnews.com)
  • Heat wave continued to sweep through most parts of Punjab and Haryana on Saturday, with Hisar recording the hottest temperature at 43 degrees Celsius. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Other measures, such as extreme temperatures, ocean heat content and the disappearance of land-based ice all show continuous changes that are consistent with a warming world. (eurekalert.org)
  • The findings published in the journal Environmental Research Letters state that urban heat island effect occurs primarily during the day when impervious urban surfaces absorb more solar radiation than the surrounding vegetated areas, resulting in a few degrees temperature difference. (csmonitor.com)
  • On the other hand, Oviraptor , a theropod about 2 metres long and 35 kilograms in weight, had a body temperature around 32 °C. This is still warmer than crocodiles and their relatives, suggesting that oviraptors generated some heat internally to keep their bodies above the ambient temperature and allow them to be more active. (newscientist.com)
  • The finding is significant because larger animals are better able to retain heat and so would be expected to have higher body temperatures. (newscientist.com)
  • During hot weather, it's useful to know the signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. (nct.org.uk)
  • My friend said that 71C is okay and that heat like this isn't really a bad thing, but it shouldn't be this hot for what a big fan it is. (hardwarecanucks.com)
  • Geomar Realty also said there was no evidence of how hot the water really was anyway, and that the little boy's parents had the ability to adjust the level to make sure it never got to the maximum heat - which they claimed wasn't "unreasonably dangerous. (villagevoice.com)
  • And dogs can experience heat exhaustion when their body temperature hits just 103 degrees. (hillspet.com)
  • Based on numerical simulation of HDR considering heat-fluid-solid coupling, the influence of temperature distribution on well cementing is analyzed when the drilling fluid cycles and reaches stable state, respectively, and when the cement slurry is injected during the cementing process. (scirp.org)
  • the external temperature concerning convection heat transfer is set the same as borehole wall temperature. (scirp.org)
  • The present article employs the unsteady state heat transfer equation with time-dependent boundary conditions, as well as a two-dimensional finite element method, to determine work-roll temperature variations during continuous hot strip rolling. (actapress.com)
  • To achieve an accurate temperature field, the authors consider the effects of different factors, including work-roll and metal thermal relationship, idling work-roll revolutions, and the effects of various process parameters such as rolling speed, interface heat transfer coefficient, and the amount of thickness reduction at each deformation pass. (actapress.com)
  • Hot Tubs, Jacuzzis, and saunas use a combination of heat and moisture for relaxation and hydrotherapy. (answers.com)
  • Dramatic heat-related stories grabbed headlines around the globe: The worst heat waves to hit Russia in a thousand years, the flooding in Pakistan, and 17 countries set or tied temperature records . (treehugger.com)
  • Amid a sweltering heat wave across the western United States, a remote spot in Death Valley, Calif., may have just earned the title of hottest place on Earth in nearly a century. (sciencenews.org)
  • In 2016, an analysis posted online at Weather Underground suggested that the logged temperature was "essentially not possible" based on meteorological conditions, including that there was no evidence of a particularly intense heat wave from any other stations in the area at the time. (sciencenews.org)
  • Australia was home to all 15 of the world's hottest temperatures on Tuesday, a feat it may well repeat on Wednesday and beyond as a huge swath of the nation bakes in 45-degree-plus heat. (smh.com.au)
  • As the Bay Area bakes during this Labor Day weekend heat wave, San Franciscans can say they lived through the hottest day ever recorded in the city by the bay. (nbcbayarea.com)
  • To adjust the heat, make slight turns to the dial near the bottom of the hot water heater, wait a few hours, then re-test. (thedeets.com)
  • Subjects are exposed to several levels of heat as measured by the following four heat indices: corrected effective temperature, wet bulb globe temperature, predicted four hour sweat rate, and the Belding-Hatch heat stress index. (cdc.gov)
  • She said temperatures in triple digits can lead to heat stroke at the least, and even death for a small child. (kdrv.com)
  • According to the heat index - which combines air temperature and relative humidity - the city holds the second highest ever measurement of 74C in July 2015. (thesun.co.uk)
  • The temperature window in certain heat-treating processes can be as narrow as 20 to 30 F (10 to 15 C) throughout the workload. (industrialheating.com)
  • Band heating elements radiate the same amount of heat around the hot zone circumference and do not permit variations from bottom to top or in the corners. (industrialheating.com)
  • Heat wave conditions prevailed in parts of Rajasthan Saturday with Kota being the hottest at 42.3 degrees Celsius. (business-standard.com)
  • The actual heat flux was 60% less than expected, actual temperatures were much lower than expected, and heat flux on the rear strakes was much higher than expected. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thermal flux from the nightside of several hot Jupiters has been detected, meaning energy is transported from day to night in some fashion. (nature.com)
  • During hot pressing, the thermal energy has enhanced the plasticity of the fiber and created conditions for the integration of different bonds. (hindawi.com)
  • Second, we used thermal imaging on live ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) to examine surface temperature changes with increasing solar irradiance. (nih.gov)
  • In some cases, you may find yourself in an environment with extreme temperatures. (healthline.com)
  • Wildlife like this goanna near Menindee on the Darling - and all other life forms - are being roasted in extreme temperatures across inland Australia. (smh.com.au)
  • The Esperanza base on the northern tip of the Antarctic peninsula recorded a temperature of 18.3 degrees Celsius (64.94 degrees Fahrenheit), the highest on record, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said on Friday. (reuters.com)
  • While this temperature reading must be reviewed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for authenticity, not only is the 128.3°F reading the hottest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, it is the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia. (treehugger.com)
  • If verified by the World Meteorological Organization, or WMO, that temperature will be the hottest recorded since 1931, and the third hottest since record keeping began. (sciencenews.org)
  • The record-breaking temperature has not been verified by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which said it would convene a committee to confirm the measurement . (wkrg.com)
  • But hot yoga , which typically involves going through a strenuous 26 poses over 90 minutes in a warm and humid room, also makes people sweat intensely - which some take as a sign that it's better for you. (newscientist.com)
  • An unseen measurement bias has been identified in global records of sea surface temperature. (nature.com)
  • After filtering out large-scale natural effects, they uncover a large discontinuity in the data in 1945, and trace its source to a change in the instrumental bias in the sea surface temperature (SST) record that occurred around that time, and has not previously been adjusted. (nature.com)
  • The Wildlife Conservation Society today released initial field observations that indicate that a dramatic rise in the surface temperature in Indonesian waters has resulted in a large-scale bleaching event that has devastated coral populations. (enn.com)
  • Bleaching"â€" a whitening of corals that occurs when algae living within coral tissues are expelled â€" is an indication of stress caused by environmental triggers such as sea surface temperature fluctuations. (enn.com)
  • is fluid near-surface temperature. (scirp.org)
  • We used three methods to test the impact of colour on wing surface temperature. (nih.gov)
  • First, we modelled surface temperature based on reflectance measurements. (nih.gov)
  • Third, we experimentally heated differently coloured wings in a wind tunnel and measured wing surface temperature at realistic flight speeds. (nih.gov)
  • Together, these results suggest that wing coloration and muscle temperature both play important roles in modulating wing surface temperature and therefore potentially flight efficiency. (nih.gov)
  • GENEVA/BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) - A research base in the Antarctic has recorded the hottest temperature ever for the continent amid rising concern about global warming that has caused an increase in the melting of ice sheets around the south pole. (reuters.com)
  • Plants in the warmest of several study areas at the SPRUCE experimental site remained green and functional up to six weeks longer than plants growing at ambient temperatures. (ornl.gov)
  • Plants in the warmest of several study areas, heated 16.2 degrees Fahrenheit above ambient temperature, remained green and functional up to six weeks longer. (ornl.gov)
  • Copper, the most widely used voice-coil conductor, has a temperature coefficient of resistance of approximately 0.4% per degree C. So if we assume that a copper voice-coil has a normalized resistance of 1 at an ambient temperature of 20°C (68°F), its resistance will vary with temperature, as illustrated in the blue trace of fig.1. (stereophile.com)
  • So much so that the ambient temperature of the clay is now between 20C and 25C. (wired.co.uk)
  • With France, Spain, Italy and parts of central Europe hard hit by the record-breaking temperatures, officials pleaded with people to take precautions. (ewn.co.za)
  • Dr Deng and his collaborators investigated the spatiotemporal patterns of the record-breaking temperatures in East Asia in spring 2018 based on ERA-Interim reanalysis data. (scienceblog.com)
  • This is the first time we've been able to confirm the response of vegetation to this range of temperatures, which exceed what can be found in the historical record," coauthor Andrew Richardson of Northern Arizona University said. (ornl.gov)
  • Once heated, keep the hot dogs at 140°F or warmer to keep the food out of the "Danger Zone," the range of temperatures where bacteria grows quickly. (thekitchn.com)
  • Photo: Children cool off in a fountain on the San Pedro waterfront as temperatures soar into the triple digits around the Southland. (latimes.com)
  • A man uses a cloth to protect himself from the sun during a hot summer day in Jammu, India, Friday, May 20, 2016. (foxnews.com)
  • The main summer months in India -- April, May and June -- are always excruciatingly hot across most of the country, before monsoon rains bring cooler temperatures. (foxnews.com)
  • Unfortunately, even though it grows well, its fruit is very small or non-existent, probably due to Dunedin's inconsistent summer temperatures. (odt.co.nz)
  • It's been a hot, hot summer -- as if you needed me to tell you that. (treehugger.com)
  • Here's another interesting record that was set over the summer, one that's a little harder to fit into a sensational soundbite, but certainly noteworthy nonetheless: Pakistan also recorded what meteorologist wunderkind Dr. Jeff Masters calls "the hottest reliably measured temperature ever recorded on the continent of Asia. (treehugger.com)
  • Last summer, Londoners took grim amusement when temperatures on the dreaded red line (35.5C) surpassed the EU limit at which it is legal to transport cows, sheep and pigs (30C). (wired.co.uk)
  • Dr. Giuliano said most times, children being left alone in hot cars comes down to caregivers forgetting that the child is in the car, which is why it's especially important to be vigilant and extra attentive when transporting children during hot summer months. (kdrv.com)
  • What is the greatest one-day temperature change in Chicago in the summer? (wgntv.com)
  • Death Valley station at the National Park Service Visitor's Center reported a world record monthly temperature of 41.8C in 2017. (thesun.co.uk)