The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
Subsequent admissions of a patient to a hospital or other health care institution for treatment.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The expenses incurred by a hospital in providing care. The hospital costs attributed to a particular patient care episode include the direct costs plus an appropriate proportion of the overhead for administration, personnel, building maintenance, equipment, etc. Hospital costs are one of the factors which determine HOSPITAL CHARGES (the price the hospital sets for its services).
An infant during the first month after birth.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Child hospitalized for short term care.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The prices a hospital sets for its services. HOSPITAL COSTS (the direct and indirect expenses incurred by the hospital in providing the services) are one factor in the determination of hospital charges. Other factors may include, for example, profits, competition, and the necessity of recouping the costs of uncompensated care.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XVIII-Health Insurance for the Aged, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, that provides health insurance benefits to persons over the age of 65 and others eligible for Social Security benefits. It consists of two separate but coordinated programs: hospital insurance (MEDICARE PART A) and supplementary medical insurance (MEDICARE PART B). (Hospital Administration Terminology, AHA, 2d ed and A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, US House of Representatives, 1976)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Special hospitals which provide care to the mentally ill patient.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Health insurance providing benefits to cover or partly cover hospital expenses.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A distribution function used to describe the occurrence of rare events or to describe the sampling distribution of isolated counts in a continuum of time or space.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
Pneumovirus infections caused by the RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUSES. Humans and cattle are most affected but infections in goats and sheep have been reported.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with ROTAVIRUS.
Inflammation of the BRONCHIOLES.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
A system of categories to which morbid entries are assigned according to established criteria. Included is the entire range of conditions in a manageable number of categories, grouped to facilitate mortality reporting. It is produced by the World Health Organization (From ICD-10, p1). The Clinical Modifications, produced by the UNITED STATES DEPT. OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES, are larger extensions used for morbidity and general epidemiological purposes, primarily in the U.S.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
An organized procedure carried out through committees to review admissions, duration of stay, professional services furnished, and to evaluate the medical necessity of those services and promote their most efficient use.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Excessive, under or unnecessary utilization of health services by patients or physicians.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Any infection acquired in the community, that is, contrasted with those acquired in a health care facility (CROSS INFECTION). An infection would be classified as community-acquired if the patient had not recently been in a health care facility or been in contact with someone who had been recently in a health care facility.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Facilities which provide nursing supervision and limited medical care to persons who do not require hospitalization.
Review of claims by insurance companies to determine liability and amount of payment for various services. The review may also include determination of eligibility of the claimant or beneficiary or of the provider of the benefit; determination that the benefit is covered or not payable under another policy; or determination that the service was necessary and of reasonable cost and quality.
Reductions in all or any portion of the costs of providing goods or services. Savings may be incurred by the provider or the consumer.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Hospitals controlled by various types of government, i.e., city, county, district, state or federal.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Extended care facilities which provide skilled nursing care or rehabilitation services for inpatients on a daily basis.
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
Invasion of the host organism by microorganisms that can cause pathological conditions or diseases.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
A condition or physical state produced by the ingestion, injection, inhalation of or exposure to a deleterious agent.
Community health and NURSING SERVICES providing coordinated multiple services to the patient at the patient's homes. These home-care services are provided by a visiting nurse, home health agencies, HOSPITALS, or organized community groups using professional staff for care delivery. It differs from HOME NURSING which is provided by non-professionals.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.
The amount that a health care institution or organization pays for its drugs. It is one component of the final price that is charged to the consumer (FEES, PHARMACEUTICAL or PRESCRIPTION FEES).
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
An acute inflammatory disease of the lower RESPIRATORY TRACT, caused by paramyxoviruses, occurring primarily in infants and young children; the viruses most commonly implicated are PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3; RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS, HUMAN; and METAPNEUMOVIRUS.
A system for classifying patient care by relating common characteristics such as diagnosis, treatment, and age to an expected consumption of hospital resources and length of stay. Its purpose is to provide a framework for specifying case mix and to reduce hospital costs and reimbursements and it forms the cornerstone of the prospective payment system.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Former members of the armed services.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by a viral infection.
Hospitals located in metropolitan areas.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
Compilations of data on hospital activities and programs; excludes patient medical records.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
The care and treatment of a convalescent patient, especially that of a patient after surgery.
Geriatric long-term care facilities which provide supervision and assistance in activities of daily living with medical and nursing services when required.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Health insurance plans intended to reduce unnecessary health care costs through a variety of mechanisms, including: economic incentives for physicians and patients to select less costly forms of care; programs for reviewing the medical necessity of specific services; increased beneficiary cost sharing; controls on inpatient admissions and lengths of stay; the establishment of cost-sharing incentives for outpatient surgery; selective contracting with health care providers; and the intensive management of high-cost health care cases. The programs may be provided in a variety of settings, such as HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS and PREFERRED PROVIDER ORGANIZATIONS.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)
Administration of vaccines to stimulate the host's immune response. This includes any preparation intended for active immunological prophylaxis.
Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)
The levels of excellence which characterize the health service or health care provided based on accepted standards of quality.
Services for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the aged and the maintenance of health in the elderly.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
An interval of care by a health care facility or provider for a specific medical problem or condition. It may be continuous or it may consist of a series of intervals marked by one or more brief separations from care, and can also identify the sequence of care (e.g., emergency, inpatient, outpatient), thus serving as one measure of health care provided.
Health care provided on a continuing basis from the initial contact, following the patient through all phases of medical care.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Inflammation of the lung parenchyma that is caused by bacterial infections.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Insurance providing coverage of medical, surgical, or hospital care in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Drugs that bind to but do not activate beta-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of beta-adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic beta-antagonists are used for treatment of hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, angina pectoris, glaucoma, migraine headaches, and anxiety.
Presence of pus in a hollow organ or body cavity.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
Evaluation of the level of physical, physiological, or mental functioning in the older population group.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
An episode of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA that generally lasts longer than a transient anginal episode that ultimately may lead to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Method of charging whereby a physician or other practitioner bills for each encounter or service rendered. In addition to physicians, other health care professionals are reimbursed via this mechanism. Fee-for-service plans contrast with salary, per capita, and prepayment systems, where the payment does not change with the number of services actually used or if none are used. (From Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, 1976)
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Older adults or aged individuals who are lacking in general strength and are unusually susceptible to disease or to other infirmity.
Interfacility or intrahospital transfer of patients. Intrahospital transfer is usually to obtain a specific kind of care and interfacility transfer is usually for economic reasons as well as for the type of care provided.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
A febrile disease caused by STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE.
Organized collections of computer records, standardized in format and content, that are stored in any of a variety of computer-readable modes. They are the basic sets of data from which computer-readable files are created. (from ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
The presence of viable bacteria circulating in the blood. Fever, chills, tachycardia, and tachypnea are common acute manifestations of bacteremia. The majority of cases are seen in already hospitalized patients, most of whom have underlying diseases or procedures which render their bloodstreams susceptible to invasion.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.

Delay in presentation of patients with acute stroke to hospital in Oxford. (1/10524)

We identified prospectively all patients (181 patients, 183 episodes) admitted to hospital in Oxford with acute stroke from 1 January to 30 June 1997. Data were inadequate in 30, leaving 153 episodes in 151 patients (63 men, 90 women). Structured interviews were used to investigate the timing of events preceding admission. Most strokes (91%) occurred at home, and 36% of patients were alone. After a median delay of 15 min, 56% called a GP (median 30 min response), 41% an ambulance (median 48 min to admission), and 3% went directly to A&E. Median time from hospital admission to doctor assessment was 69 min. Factors reducing delay were: initially calling an ambulance rather than a GP (p < 0.0001); onset not at home (p < 0.001); symptoms improving between onset and admission (p < 0.002); and altered consciousness (p < 0.002). The stroke was not recognized by 44% of patients, but no significant delay resulted. Overall, 31% were admitted within 3 h of onset, 46% within 6 h. Initial contact with the GP is a major determinant of delay. If acute therapies for stroke become available, GPs should be the primary targets for an educational initiative.  (+info)

Late referral of end-stage renal failure. (2/10524)

We studied all new patients accepted for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in one unit from 1/1/96 to 31/12/97 (n = 198), to establish time from nephrology referral to RRT, evidence of renal disease prior to referral and the adequacy of renal management prior to referral. Sixty four (32.3%, late referral group) required RRT within 12 weeks of referral. Fifty-nine (29.8%) had recognizable signs of chronic renal failure > 26 weeks prior to referral. Patients starting RRT soon after referral were hospitalized for significantly longer on starting RRT (RRT within 12 weeks of referral, median hospitalization 25.0 days (n = 64); RRT > 12 weeks after referral, median 9.7 days (n = 126), (p < 0.001)). Observed survival at 1 year was 68.3% overall, with 1-year survival of the late referral and early referral groups being 60.5% and 72.5%, respectively (p = NS). Hypertension was found in 159 patients (80.3%): 46 (28.9%) were started on antihypertensive medication following referral, while a further 28 (17.6%) were started on additional antihypertensives. Of the diabetic population (n = 78), only 26 (33.3%) were on an angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) at referral. Many patients are referred late for dialysis despite early signs of renal failure, and the pre-referral management of many of the patients, as evidenced by the treatment of hypertension and use of ACEI in diabetics, is less than optimal.  (+info)

Tuberculous meningitis in South African urban adults. (3/10524)

We retrospectively reviewed 56 adults with culture-proven tuberculous meningitis (TBM), investigating clinical signs, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings and outcome. There were 50 patients, aged 18-59 years, 39 with and 11 without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Six were aged 60 years or older. Neurological signs of TBM in 18-59-year-olds were unaffected by HIV serostatus while, compared to those > or = 60 years of age, there were more patients with meningism (86.0% vs. 33.3%; p = 0.011) and fewer with seizures (12.0% vs. 50.0%; p = 0.046). The HIV-infected 18-59-year-olds had significantly more extrameningeal tuberculosis compared to the non-HIV-infected (76.9% vs. 9.1%; p = 0.0001) and 23.1% had 'breakthrough' TBM. CSF analysis revealed 12 patients (21.4%) with acellular fluid (more common in those > or = 60 years of age, p = 0.016), of whom three had completely normal CSF. A neutrophil predominance was found in 22 patients (39.3%). Only three patients (5.4%) had a positive CSF smear for acid-fast bacilli. In-hospital mortality occurred in 39 patients (69.1%), was similar in all study groups, and was not related to neurological stage. The diagnosis of TBM can be masked by lack of meningism in the elderly and by atypical CSF findings.  (+info)

Premature morbidity from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in women with systemic lupus erythematosus. (4/10524)

OBJECTIVE: To determine rates of morbidity due to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: I used the California Hospital Discharge Database, which contains information on all discharges from acute care hospitals in California, to identify women with SLE who had been hospitalized for treatment of either acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure (CHF), or cerebrovascular accident (CVA) from 1991 to 1994. I compared the proportions of hospitalizations for each cause among women with SLE with those in a group of women without SLE, for 3 age strata (18-44 years, 45-64 years, and > or =65 years). RESULTS: Compared with young women without SLE, young women with SLE were 2.27 times more likely to be hospitalized because of AMI (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.08-3.46), 3.80 times more likely to be hospitalized because of CHF (95% CI 2.41-5.19), and 2.05 times more likely to be hospitalized because of CVA (95% CI 1.17-2.93). Among middle-aged women with SLE, the frequencies of hospitalization for AMI and CVA did not differ from those of the comparison group, but the risk of hospitalization for CHF was higher (odds ratio [OR] 1.39, 95% CI 1.05-1.73). Among elderly women with SLE, the risk of hospitalization for AMI was significantly lower (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.51-0.89), the risk of hospitalization for CHF was higher (OR 1.25, 95% CI 1.01-1.49), and the risk of hospitalization for CVA was not significantly different from those in the comparison group. CONCLUSION: Young women with SLE are at substantially increased risk of AMI, CHF, and CVA. The relative odds of these conditions decrease with age among women with SLE.  (+info)

Elevated levels of C-reactive protein at discharge in patients with unstable angina predict recurrent instability. (5/10524)

BACKGROUND: In a group of patients admitted for unstable angina, we investigated whether C-reactive protein (CRP) plasma levels remain elevated at discharge and whether persistent elevation is associated with recurrence of instability. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured plasma levels of CRP, serum amyloid A protein (SAA), fibrinogen, total cholesterol, and Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae antibody titers in 53 patients admitted to our coronary care unit for Braunwald class IIIB unstable angina. Blood samples were taken on admission, at discharge, and after 3 months. Patients were followed for 1 year. At discharge, CRP was elevated (>3 mg/L) in 49% of patients; of these, 42% had elevated levels on admission and at 3 months. Only 15% of patients with discharge levels of CRP <3 mg/L but 69% of those with elevated CRP (P<0.001) were readmitted because of recurrence of instability or new myocardial infarction. New phases of instability occurred in 13% of patients in the lower tertile of CRP (/=8.7 mg/L, P<0.001). The prognostic value of SAA was similar to that of CRP; that of fibrinogen was not significant. Chlamydia pneumoniae but not Helicobacter pylori antibody titers significantly correlated with CRP plasma levels. CONCLUSIONS: In unstable angina, CRP may remain elevated for at >/=3 months after the waning of symptoms and is associated with recurrent instability. Elevation of acute-phase reactants in unstable angina could represent a hallmark of subclinical persistent instability or of susceptibility to recurrent instability and, at least in some patients, could be related to chronic Chlamydia pneumoniae infection.  (+info)

Acinetobacter bacteremia in Hong Kong: prospective study and review. (6/10524)

The epidemiological characteristics of 18 patients with acinetobacter bacteremia were analyzed. Patients (mean age, 55.5 years) developed bacteremia after an average of 14.1 days of hospitalization. Fifteen of 16 patients survived bacteremia caused by Acinetobacter baumannii. Cultures of blood from the remaining two patients yielded Acinetobacter lwoffii. Most patients (78%) resided in the general ward, while four patients (22%) were under intensive care. Genotyping by arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction analysis and the temporal sequence of isolation were more useful than phenotyping by antimicrobial susceptibility in the determination of the source of bacteremia, and the intravascular catheter was the leading infection source (39% of cases). The possibility of an association of glucose with the pathogenesis of acinetobacter infection was raised.  (+info)

Alternate child care, history of hospitalization, and preschool child behavior. (7/10524)

BACKGROUND: With more single mothers entering the workforce due to welfare reform efforts, more hospitalized children from single-parent families will have experienced alternate child care arrangements where routine care is provided by adults other than the child's mother. OBJECTIVES: To investigate with secondary analysis of data whether experience with alternate child care has a moderating effect on the relationship between hospitalization and behavior of preschool children living in female-headed single-parent families. METHOD: A sample of 60 preterm and 61 full-term children who were 3, 4, or 5 years old was recruited for the larger longitudinal study. Behavior problems were measured with the Child Behavior Checklist. History of hospitalization and alternate child care arrangements were measured with the Life History Calendar. RESULTS: Preschool children who experienced hospitalization without alternate child care experience had more somatic complaints, but those with both hospital and alternate child care experience had fewer aggressive behaviors than other children. For children with a history of hospitalization, aggressive behaviors decreased as the proportion of the child's life in alternate child care increased. CONCLUSIONS: Experience with alternate child care may ameliorate some of the negative effects of hospitalization, and potentially other novel and negative experiences, for preschool children. This could be due to child care providing positive experiences with separation from the mother, a peer group with which to talk about the novel experience, or actual instruction about the novel experience.  (+info)

Can restrictions on reimbursement for anti-ulcer drugs decrease Medicaid pharmacy costs without increasing hospitalizations? (8/10524)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of a policy restricting reimbursement for Medicaid anti-ulcer drugs on anti-ulcer drug use and peptic-related hospitalizations. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: In addition to U.S. Census Bureau data, all of the following from Florida: Medicaid anti-ulcer drug claims data, 1989-1993; Medicaid eligibility data, 1989-1993; and acute care nonfederal hospital discharge abstract data (Medicaid and non-Medicaid), 1989-1993. STUDY DESIGN: In this observational study, a Poisson multiple regression model was used to compare changes, after policy implementation, in Medicaid reimbursement for prescription anti-ulcer drugs as well as hospitalization rates between pre- and post-implementation periods in Medicaid versus non-Medicaid patients hospitalized with peptic ulcer disease. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Following policy implementation, the rate of Medicaid reimbursement for anti-ulcer drugs decreased 33 percent (p < .001). No associated increase occurred in the rate of Medicaid peptic-related hospitalizations. CONCLUSIONS: Florida's policy restricting Medicaid reimbursement for anti-ulcer drugs was associated with a substantial reduction in outpatient anti-ulcer drug utilization without any significant increase in the rate of hospitalization for peptic-related conditions.  (+info)

Hospitalizations for certain chronic conditions are considered avoidable for adult Canadians given effective and timely primary care management. Individual-level risk factors such as income and health behaviours are not routinely collected in most hospital databases and as a result, are largely uncharacterized for avoidable hospitalization at the national level. The aim of this study was to identify and describe demographic, socioeconomic, and health behavioural risk factors for avoidable hospitalizations in Canada using linked data. A national retrospective cohort study was conducted by pooling eight cycles of the Canadian Community Health Survey (2000/2001-2011) and linking to hospitalization records in the Discharge Abstract Database (1999/2000-2012/2013). Respondents who were younger than 18 years and older than 74 years of age, residing in Quebec, or pregnant at baseline were excluded yielding a final cohort of 389,065 individuals. The primary outcome measure was time-to index avoidable ...
Older patients who experience more discontinuity of care in general practice are at higher risk of emergency hospital admissions. In a UK study of 10,000 randomly selected patients over age 65, medical records were linked with hospital episode statistics. The study used two research approaches: a prospective cohort approach to assess the general impact of continuity of care on emergency admission, and a nested case-control approach to test if seeing a different GP from usual increases the risk of emergency admission during the following 30 days. The prospective approach found a graded non-significant inverse relationship between continuity of care and risk of emergency hospitalization, though patients experiencing least continuity had a risk more than twice as high than those who had complete continuity. The retrospective approach found a graded inverse relationship between continuity of care and emergency hospitalization, with an odds ratio of 2.32 for those experiencing least continuity ...
Background: Non-hemorrhagic cerebrovascular disease (NH-CVD) is one of the leading causes of hospitalization in the United States (US). We describe the trends in NH-CVD hospitalizations in the US over a twelve-year period.. Methods: We abstracted and analyzed data for NH-CVD hospitalizations, from 1999 to 2010, from the National Hospital Discharge Survey - a national probability sample of hospitalizations at US non-federal short-stay hospitals. NH-CVD hospitalizations were defined as hospitalizations whose principal diagnoses were coded using the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes 433-438. NH-CVD hospitalization rates were calculated for those 15 years and older, as well as among demographic sub-groups defined by age, race, gender, and geographical region. A multivariate logistic regression was modeled, with NH-CVD hospitalization as the outcome and time period as the main predictor, while controlling for age, gender, race, region, and ...
Data & statistics on Asthma hospitalisations by Health Area and sex: Asthma hospitalisations by Health Area and sex, NSW 2006-07, Data on avoidable hospitalizations by gender and condition. Pneumonia and heart failure account for the largest proportion of avoidable hospitalizations for both sexes. For all conditions except appendix, gangrene, and ulcers, females have higher rates of avoidable conditions than males. For hypertension, asthma, hypokalemia, and pyelonephritis, the difference in female and male rates of avoidable ..., Childhood (|5 years) Asthma Hospitalization by Area and Sex...
This study quantified the rate of hospitalisations for children with an ID and/or ASD compared with the general population. Children diagnosed with ID and/or ASD experienced more hospitalisations than children with neither condition, and this effect persisted after taking into account birth year and preterm birth status. While overall hospitalisation rates differ by age, the rate of hospitalisation appears to decline with increasing age, particularly for the groups with a known biomedical cause and with severe ID of unknown cause, in contrast to the general population where the rate appears more constant. We also showed that the independent effect of preterm birth on hospitalisation rates after 1 year of age is both an increase in frequency and earlier median age at hospitalisation, and this is consistent across all case groups.. Recent studies in the USA17 and Denmark22 have investigated the hospitalisation burden for children with autism, and found that individuals with autism had ...
According to a study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), there are approximately 100,000 emergency hospitalizations for U.S. senior citizens (over age 65) every year related to adverse drug events (ADEs). The study determined that two-thirds of these emergency hospitalizations are associated with the misuse of a small group of medications, specifically, diabetes medications and blood thinners.. The CDC study, which is entitled Emergency Hospitalizations for Adverse Drug Events in Older Americans in the NEJM, concluded that four particular diabetes and blood thinning medications caused the majority of ADEs in older adults. These medications are Warfarin, insulin, anti-platelet drugs, and oral diabetes medications called oral hypoglycemic agents. Data collected between 2007 and 2008 from 58 hospitals nationwide concludes that the highest number of emergency hospitalizations, 33 percent, involved Warfarin, ...
The study found in elderly individuals an estimated 265,802 ED visits for ADE occurred yearly between 2007 and 2009. Hospitalization resulted in 37.5% of the ED visits, and 48.1% of the hospitalizations were in adults 80 years and older. ED visits resulting in hospitalization were more likely to involve unintentional overdose (65.7%) and five or more concurrent medications (54.8%). Four of the most commonly implicated medications resulting in hospitalization were warfarin (33.3%), insulins (13.9%), oral antiplatelet agents (13.3%) and oral hypoglycemic agents (10.7%); combined, the four medications resulted in two-thirds of the hospitalizations. Warfarin and antiplatelet agents mainly resulted in hemorrhagic events, and insulins and oral hypoglycemic events most commonly resulted in hypoglycemia. Only 1.2% of hospitalizations due to ADE were due to HEDIS high-risk medications and 6.6% due to Beer-criteria potentially inappropriate medications.3 ...
Frequent mental health hospitalizations are contingent on many variables. The purpose of this study was to gather provider opinions on frequent mental health hospitalizations. A qualitative design was utilized; ten providers participated in this study which explored factors of frequent mental health hospitalizations. Data were analyzed using content analysis. The findings indicated that all providers view medication management as a precipitating factor to psychiatric hospitalization. Findings indicate that support at discharge will greatly influence the success of the patron. The findings of this study indicate further need for education and advocacy in mental health. Findings suggest that stigma and limited community resources are key variables to frequent mental health hospitalizations. This study parallels data from previous research on this subject; however, patient opinions on frequent mental health hospitalizations are still absent.
Complications of liver cirrhosis (LC) are the main cause of hospital admissions in liver units. In areas where hepatitis C virus (HCV) is highly prevalent, most of these admissions are attributable to HCV-LC. We aimed to assess the impact of direct-acting antivirals (DAA) in the profile of liver disease patients admitted into a referral liver unit from a University Hospital.We registered hospital admissions due to LC in our Liver Unit from 2011-2014 (pre-DAA period) and from 2015-2019 (post-DAA period).From a total of 14,865 hospital admissions, 10,053 were due to LC (corresponding to 6,256 patients). The number and proportion of hospital admissions due to HCV-LC remained stable during the period 2011-2014 (525 per year, 48.8% of the total), but decreased progressively after 2015 (p,0.001), reaching less than 300 (27.1%) admissions in 2019. Similarly, HCV-LC accounted for 3,885 inpatient days per year (44.9%) during the pre-DAA period and decreased steadily after 2015 (p ,0.001), reaching only ...
Richard Simmons returns home following hospitalization. Richard Simmons has made it back home following a three day stay at the hospital to treat severe indigestion.
This page contains the abstract: Full Breast-feeding May Lower Hospitalizations for Infections During First Year of Life http://www.chiro.org/pediatrics/ABSTRACTS/Full_Breast-feeding_May_Lower_Hospitalizations.shtml
Background: Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in USA with a huge economic burden on health care. This study was done to determine the trend of hospitalizations from CHF, length of stay, mean cost of hospitalization and discharge disposition over last decade (2002-2011).. Methods: We used Nationwide Inpatient Sample data to extract data for patients hospitalized with primary diagnosis of CHF using clinical classification software code of 108, corresponding to ICD 9 codes of 398.91, 428.0, 428.1, 428.20, 428.21, 428.22, 428.23, 428.30, 428.31, 428.32, 428.33, 428.40, 428.41, 428.42, 428.43, 428.9. NIS is a nationally representative survey of hospitalizations conducted by the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project developed through a Federal-State-Industry partnership and sponsored by Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. It represents 20% of all hospital data in US. Data was extracted for the years 2001-2011. Trend of rate of hospitalizations, mean ...
Research in the area of preventable hospitalization, hospital admissions that could otherwise be avoided, provides little guidance in terms of priority areas for change. This synthesis of multiple electronic databases searched systematically for studies related to preventable hospitalization identifies six priority areas for future action in three broad conceptual areas: person priorities (symptom management and supportive relationships), programme priorities (self-management supports and service delivery), and place priorities (local infrastructure and socio-economic opportunities). Attention to these priorities could help reduce preventable hospitalization while simultaneously improving health access and quality of care ...
HIV-infected and HIV-exposed, uninfected infants experience a high burden of infectious morbidity and mortality. Hospitalization is an important metric for morbidity and is associated with high mortality, yet, little is known about rates and causes of hospitalization among these infants in the first 12 months of life. Using data from a prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) trial (India SWEN), where HIV-exposed breastfed infants were given extended nevirapine, we measured 12-month infant all-cause and cause-specific hospitalization rates and hospitalization risk factors. Among 737 HIV-exposed Indian infants, 93 (13%) were HIV-infected, 15 (16%) were on HAART, and 260 (35%) were hospitalized 381 times by 12 months of life. Fifty-six percent of the hospitalizations were attributed to infections; gastroenteritis was most common accounting for 31% of infectious hospitalizations. Gastrointestinal-related hospitalizations steadily increased over time, peaking around 9 months. The 12-month all
The Chronic Disease series of MICAs were developed to help elevate the chronic disease diagnosis categories to a more accessible location on the query page. The primary difference between the Inpatient Hospitalization MICA or ER MICA and the respective Chronic Disease Inpatient Hospitalization or Chronic Disease ER MICA is in the list of diagnosis categories. The Chronic Disease MICAs are limited to disease classifications that were identified by DHSS as appropriate for chronic disease categorization. This list is not necessarily exhaustive and should not be considered a complete list of all chronic diseases for inpatients or ER visits. Also note that Chronic Disease Inpatient Hospitalization MICA does not include Charge or Days of Care data types. Charge and Days of Care data types can only be found on the Inpatient Hospitalization MICA. For more information about how the Inpatient Hospitalization MICA or ER MICA is constructed use the following links:. ...
A system and method for determining patient hospitalization risk and treating patients is disclosed. The system and method may include extracting patient data from one or databases corresponding to a pool of patients having end stage renal disease; using a predictive model with the extracted patient data to generate, for each of the patients, a respective expected probability for hospitalization within a predetermined time period; identifying a subset of patients having respective expected probabilities that are higher than other patients in the pool of patients; identifying, for each patient, at least one factor from the patient data that increased the expected probability of hospitalization; and based on the identified factors, determining and executing clinical interventions to lower the probability of hospitalization within the subset of the pool of patients.
BACKGROUND: Etravirine (ETR), a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) available in France since 2006, is indicated for antiretroviral-experienced HIV-infected adults, in combination with a ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor (PI). To assess its clinical impact in routine care, we compared hospitalization rates according to ETR + PI prescription or not, among heavily treated HIV-1 infected individuals on failing regimens between 2005 and 2011. METHODS: From the French Hospital Database on HIV (ANRS CO4), we selected heavily treated individuals (prior exposure to at least 2 nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), 2PI and 1 NNRTI) with viral load (VL) | 50 copies/mL who started a new antiretroviral (ARV) regimen between 2005 and 2011. Using an intention-to-continue-treatment approach, hospitalization rates were calculated for the individuals who received ETR + PI, during the months after initiating ETR + PI (ETR + PI) or for the individuals who received ETR + PI, in the
Measures of interest included hospitalization frequency, numbers of hospital days in special-care units (e.g., ICU/CCU) and overall, utilization of selected cardiovascular procedures, and costs of cardiovascular-related in-patient care. A cost was assigned to each cardiovascular hospitalization using cost-prediction models that were estimated using a large database containing admission-level information from 153 U.S. short-term, acute-care hospitals (HCIA, Inc.) (22). Data available for each hospital discharge included all International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9-CM) diagnoses and procedure codes, time spent in various units (e.g., ICU/CCU), services used, and total hospitalization cost. Four distinct models were developed, corresponding to the four cardiovascular primary admission causes designated on the study case-report form.. To select a master sample of hospital admissions for model estimation, all hospital stays in the HCIA database with a listed principalor ...
Patients with type 2 diabetes who take their oral medication only some of the time risk hospitalization. Using data from a managed care organization, researchers examined the link between nonadherence and subsequent hospitalization in 900 adult patients with type 2 diabetes. The results showed that, over a 12-month period, 28.9% of the patients were nonadherent to the antihyperglycemic regimen. The risk of hospitalization increased by >2-fold in patients with type 2 diabetes who had been nonadherent to their oral medications the year before. The investigators noted that hospitalization was a strong possibility even after considering the effect of other illnesses and the patients adherence to hypertension- and cholesterol-lowering medications. The study also showed that nonadherence to high blood pressure? and cholesterol-lowering medication, seen in 18.8% and 26.9% of the patients, respectively, was not significantly connected with an increased risk of hospitalization. (The findings were ...
Prolonged waiting times at the emergency department is associated with an enhanced risk of hospital admission or death among patients who do not receive the treatment on time.
Although easily identified from the main diagnosis coding of inpatient stays, ACSC lists have varied substantially from one study to the next, without a rigorous argument to justify the inclusion and exclusion criteria [4]. In our study, 25% of cases identified by inpatient main diagnoses were removed by applying exclusion criteria which detected surgery or severe comorbidities for which hospitalization was appropriate.. Age and gender were insufficient to predict PAH risk. Taking into account all possible clinical information is of utmost importance for a fair comparison between care providers groups or regions. Inpatient diagnoses, which are available in most developed countries, should therefore be used. We recommend supplementing diagnosis-based morbidities with drug-related information (often available from insurers data) because of the substantial change in expected rates. Inpatient diagnoses have a limited ability to describe the disease burden because only a minority of patients is ...
Objectives - There is variation in rates of hospitalization for young children which is unexplained by differences in health. We used population-based survey data to examine the contribution of family sociodemographic and psychodynamic factors to the risk of hospitalization in children under the age of 2 years in Canada.. Methods - Baseline data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth (a population-based study of child health and well-being) were used. A weighted sample of 332 697 (unweighted n = 2184) children between the age of 12 and 24 months, whose biological mother reported data on hospitalization over the past year, were included. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the risk of hospitalization by sociodemographic and psychodynamic factors controlling for important biological covariates.. Results - The overall proportion of children who were hospitalized was 11.2%. After adjusting for prematurity, the only statistically significant biological factor ...
Prairie St. Johns Hospital offers an inpatient hospitalization program for children and adolescents that can help them stabilize mentally during a crisis.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Who Is Paying the Big Bills Very High Cost Pediatric Hospitalizations in California, 1987 Leighton Ku SysteMetrics/McGraw-Hill August 1990 PDF Version
In this community-based population of middle-aged white and black persons, those with prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and diagnosed diabetes had significantly higher rates of all-cause hospitalization over a median of 20 years of follow-up compared with those without a history of diagnosed diabetes and normal HbA1c (,5.7%), even after adjustment for insurance status and comorbidities. Further, among persons with diagnosed diabetes, those with poor glycemic control, as assessed by HbA1c, had higher rates of all-cause hospitalization compared with those with lower HbA1c. Consistent with prior studies (19,20), hospitalization rates across diabetes/HbA1c categories were higher for older versus younger individuals. Even after adjustment, hospitalization rates were higher in blacks versus whites among persons with diagnosed diabetes, suggesting that blacks with diabetes experience a higher burden of morbidity from diabetes compared with their white counterparts. Men had higher rates of ...
Outside Medical Facilities Hospitalization Service All range of hospitalization: general wards, semi-private and private rooms, VIP rooms. 24/ 7 routine and emergency hospitalization of adults and children to multifield and specialized hospitals Mainstream hospitalization - resuscitation, therapy, surgery, cardiology,
A Pittsburgh physician says the Centers for Disease Control and Preventions (CDC) report of rising hospitalizations among adolescents ...
Hospitalizations and ICUs are on the rise across the state, according to Secretary of the California Health and Human Services Dr. Mark Ghaly. As of Nov. 10, hospitalizations are up 31.6% percent over the past 14 days in the state. ICUs have seen a 29.6 percent rise in ICUs in the state.. News Channel 3s Dani Romero spoke with county officials about the recent increase in hospitalizations.. We have had an increase in hospitalizations let say over the last month, which is somewhat alarming, but our capacity for ICU beds and overall beds is well within the capacity of our hospitals, said County Spokesperson Jose Arballo Jr.. (Note Data will continue to update past today). ...
Objective: Our objective was to address the above concerns of compliance and multimorbidity management in an affordable and scalable way. Guided by the triple aim, our solution uses the only technology that is accepted and embraced by our entire population-the telephone. In the case of the elderly high-risk population (generally 80 and older), they have telephones and use them to communicate with their families. In the case of the younger and more mobile at risk population, the mobile phone has become ubiquitous. The second key objective was to address the multiple conditions in each patients unique case mix. Our solution requires only a small amount of data entry including patient demographics, a listing of the multiple health conditions (chronic, acute, and behavioral), and an acuity rating such as low, medium, or high. The demographics and conditions can be prepopulated via integration with the health systems electronic medical record (EMR ...
Acute respiratory infections are the fourth cause of hospitalization in elderly. Hospital admissions due to pneumonia range from the 1.1 and 4 per 1,000 patients, increasing with age. Hospitalization causes a decline in physical and functional status. Physical impairment involves a higher risk of disability and mortality in elderly people. Various studies have examined the impact of hospitalization in patients with respiratory pathology, and it has been shown that hospitalization implies a significant physical impairment in patients admitted for pneumonia showing that this deterioration increases with age. That highlights the need of interventions in order to reduce the impact of hospitalization. The objective of this study is to examine whether a physical therapy intervention can reduce impairment in patients hospitalized due to pneumonia ...
Acute respiratory infections are the fourth cause of hospitalization in elderly. Hospital admissions due to pneumonia range from the 1.1 and 4 per 1,000 patients, increasing with age. Hospitalization causes a decline in physical and functional status. Physical impairment involves a higher risk of disability and mortality in elderly people. Various studies have examined the impact of hospitalization in patients with respiratory pathology, and it has been shown that hospitalization implies a significant physical impairment in patients admitted for pneumonia showing that this deterioration increases with age. That highlights the need of interventions in order to reduce the impact of hospitalization. The objective of this study is to examine whether a physical therapy intervention can reduce impairment in patients hospitalized due to pneumonia ...
Hospitalization rates for acute exacerbations of asthma were studied during a 10-yr period, from 1988-1997, in a geographically defined child population, in eastern Finland. During the study period, the annual hospitalization rates increased 2.3-fold. The increase was most likely due to the increased number of patients, i.e. to first admissions. This study shows that the re-admission rates declined significantly in all study groups, except for those aged ,2 yrs, during the study period. The reduction was clearest during the final years of the survey, which coincided with the increased use of inhaled steroids for paediatric asthma in the area.. Similar to previous findings, admissions increased, almost ten-fold during the 10 yrs, among children aged ,2 yrs 6, 11, 13. The median age of the hospitalized children decreased by 2 yrs during the study period 6. Consistent with the findings of Norwegian studies 6, 13, the results suggested that the onset of paediatric asthma has shifted to a younger age ...
Adults diagnosed with diabetes are at significantly increased risk for fracture-related hospitalization, says a Medscape Medical News article based on the results from an analysis of data from a large, community-based study. More than 15,100 patients between 45 and 64 years old participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, a 4-community study that began in 1987. There were a total of 1,078 fracture-related hospitalizations during the 20-year follow-up period. (Only fractures that resulted in inpatient hospitalization were captured in ARIC.) At baseline, 1,195 participants had been diagnosed with diabetes based on self-report, and 605 had undiagnosed diabetes according to their measured serum glucose values. Compared with the 13,340 study participants without diabetes, the incidence of fracture-related hospitalization was significantly greater among the group with diagnosed diabetes (6.6 vs 3.9 per 1,000 person-years of follow-up).. The incidence of fracture ...
Adults diagnosed with diabetes are at significantly increased risk for fracture-related hospitalization, says a Medscape Medical News article based on the results from an analysis of data from a large, community-based study. More than 15,100 patients between 45 and 64 years old participated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, a 4-community study that began in 1987. There were a total of 1,078 fracture-related hospitalizations during the 20-year follow-up period. (Only fractures that resulted in inpatient hospitalization were captured in ARIC.) At baseline, 1,195 participants had been diagnosed with diabetes based on self-report, and 605 had undiagnosed diabetes according to their measured serum glucose values. Compared with the 13,340 study participants without diabetes, the incidence of fracture-related hospitalization was significantly greater among the group with diagnosed diabetes (6.6 vs 3.9 per 1,000 person-years of follow-up).. The incidence of fracture ...
According to an annual data report from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS), hospitalization and mortality rates for patients with chronic kidney disease continue to decline in the US.
Emergency and urgent hospitalizations are associated with an increased rate of cognitive decline in older adults, report researchers at Rush University Medical Center. The results of their study suggest that hospitalization may be a more of a major risk factor for long-term cognitive decline in older adults than previously recognized.
Taiwanese per capita health expenditures in 2006 were 31,661 New Taiwan dollars (NT dollars) [29]. A comparison of this amount with expenditures for potentially preventable hospitalisations in the first two years of life highlights the amount of resources spent on young childrens hospital care that may be avoided or reduced by adequate and timely ambulatory care as well as primary prevention. Three findings from this study are particularly noteworthy: (1) high hospital admission rates and lengths of stays for lower respiratory infections among young children in all income categories, (2) significantly higher hospital care use among young children in the poorest category for acute injuries and poisonings as well as for lower respiratory infections, and (3) substantial links of more use of well-child care with a shorter total length of stay and with lower episode severity for acute injuries and poisonings in the first two years of life. We have not found any published article that reports ...
In a lengthy Instagram post following her hospitalization two weeks ago, Tamar Braxton is opening up about her 11-year battle with mental health and feeling exploited by her network.
On Tuesday, Coweta County confirmed 6 new COVID-19 cases with 0 deaths and 1 hospitalization. Coweta has been below 10 cases for 9 of the last 10 days and below 20 for 26 days in March.. In the past 7 days, Coweta has logged 36 COVID cases (5.6 per day), 10 deaths and 3 hospitalizations.. For March, Coweta has posted 366 cases (12.2 per day) with 30 deaths (1.0 per day) and 28 hospitalizations (0.93 per day). For comparison, here are Februarys numbers and per day averages - 886 cases (31.6 per day), 41 deaths (1.5 per day), and 39 hospitalizations (1.4 per day).. The positive test rate of all persons tested in Coweta is 10.2 percent, and in the last two weeks has dropped to 3.2 percent.. Overall, Coweta has confirmed cumulative totals of 8391 cases, 180 deaths (with an additional 12 probable deaths) and 309 hospitalizations since the pandemic began. Coweta ranks 22nd in Georgia (out of 159 counties) in cumulative cases and 19th in deaths due to COVID.. The age group of 35-44 year olds had the ...
The U.S. hit a record number of coronavirus hospitalizations Tuesday and surpassed 1 million new confirmed cases in just the first 10 days of November amid a nationwide surge of infections that shows no signs of slowing.
The U.S. hit a record number of coronavirus hospitalizations Tuesday and surpassed 1 million new confirmed cases in just the first 10 days of November amid a nationwide surge of infections that shows no signs of slowing.
Excessive alcohol use is the most common cause of CLD. Other causes (e.g. acetaminophen use) are less common. CLD can develop over many years, in some cases 20-30 years, and data on hospitalizations can provide information on CLD risk at an earlier time point in the disease?s development than AR-CLD mortality. However CLD hospitalizations are not limited to alcohol-related conditions, and include all hospital stays where the primary diagnosis was determined to be CLD. Additionally, CLD hospitalizations measure number of hospital stays rather than individuals diagnosed with CLD (i.e. a person can be hospitalized more than once). The rate of CLD hospitalizations in 2016 (83.8 hospitalizations per 100,000) has increased 41.6% since 2010 (59.2 hospitalizations per 100,000). Women are at lower risk than men. Women who identify as Asian or Pacific Islander have the lowest rates whereas men who identify as American Indian have the highest rates ...
The rate of hospital admissions due to ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSCs) has widely been accepted as a measure for access and quality in primary care. Ambulatory care sensitive conditions represent a range of conditions for which hospitalization should be avoidable because the disease or condition has been prevented from occurring, or because individuals have had access to timely and effective primary care. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between increasing physician density and ACSCs on the level of the 413 German counties and urban districts. We investigated the impact of increasing density of various groups of physicians on different ACSCs indication groups using a generalized linear regression model over four years (2005-2008). Non-linear infl uences on ACSCs rates of physician density were modelled and tested. We further controlled for lifestyle, life expectancy, age distribution, environmental factors, socio-economic factors and distances to ...
/PRNewswire/ -- Although adherence to hypertension medications was significantly associated with lower hospitalization rates, the total costs of care are...
To compare the frequency of hospitalization during the first six months of life between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants.. METHOD:. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted over twelve months, in hospital-based outpatient clinics. Mother-infant pairs, seen at the clinics during the study period, were enrolled. Infants were between the ages of 6-24 months and had been brought for routine check-ups, vaccinations or common childhood ailments. Subjects were recruited from babies with no congenital anomalies or chronic illnesses. Study team recorded necessary information about feeding practices, previous illnesses and hospitalizations on a structured questionnaire. Hospitalization rates in 3 groups of infants with different feeding methods i.e. predominant breastfeeding, partial breast-feeding, and bottle-feeding were compared. Results were analyzed using SPSS software, ANOVA was used for comparison of means between groups, and a p-value ,0.05 was regarded as significant.. RESULTS:. A total ...
Diseases of the respiratory system, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), were the third leading cause of hospitalizations in Simcoe Muskoka in 2017. There were more than 1,500 COPD hospitalizations in 2017, accounting for more than one-third of all respiratory system disease related hospitalizations.. The age-standardized hospitalization rate for COPD in Simcoe Muskoka for all ages and sexes in 2017 was 217 (206.1, 228.1) hospitalizations per 100,000 population, which was significantly higher than the Ontario rate of 177 (174.9, 179.0) hospitalizations per 100,000 population. There was a small but significant decreasing trend in the COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka over the 15-year period from 2003 to 2017. The provincial rates for COPD hospitalizations did not change significantly over this same period of time. The COPD hospitalization rates in Simcoe Muskoka have been consistently above the provincial rates over this time period; however, the gap has narrowed in ...
They also sought to distinguish between potentially avoidable hospitalizations related to chronic conditions, such as hypertension and asthma, and hospitalizations related to acute conditions, such as a perforated appendix or bacterial pneumonia. The researchers found that both race and insurance were strongly associated with risk for potentially avoidable hospitalizations. Black patients with chronic conditions had higher risks than whites for such hospitalizations, while black patients with acute conditions were slightly less likely than whites with similar conditions to experience a potentially avoidable hospitalization, according to the study. Blacks who had Medicare, other public health insurance or private health insurance, or were uninsured all had a higher risk of a potentially avoidable hospitalization than whites in the same categories, though the degree of risk varied by insurance category. The researchers call for further study into the finding that there were more potentially ...
Comparing hospitalization records with data reported to local boards of health presents a more accurate way to monitor how well communities track disease outbreaks, according to a paper published April 16 in the journal PLOS ONE by a research team led by Elena Naumova, Ph.D., professor of civil and environmental engineering and associate dean at Tufts University School of Engineering.. In a paper titled Hospitalization Records as a Tool for Evaluating Performance of Food and Water-Borne Disease Surveillance Systems: A Massachusetts Case Study, Naumova and the team examined healthcare statistics for Massachusetts residents 65 and older who were diagnosed with three different foodborne and waterborne illnesses-salmonella, campylobacteriosis, and giardiasis-from January 1991 to December 2004.. Statistics for diseases transmitted via food and water are monitored by the Massachusetts Department of Public Health and local boards of health through reports by health care providers, hospitals and ...
Since 2009, in Ontario, reportable disease surveillance data has been used for timely in-season estimates of influenza severity (i.e., hospitalizations and deaths). Due to changes in reporting requirements influenza reporting no longer captures these indicators of severity, necessitating exploration of other potential sources of data. The purpose of this study was to complete a retrospective analysis to assess the comparability of influenza-related hospitalizations and deaths captured in the Ontario reportable disease information system to those captured in Ontarios hospital-based discharge database. Hospitalizations and deaths of laboratory-confirmed influenza cases reported during the 2010-11 to 2013-14 influenza seasons were analyzed. Information on hospitalizations and deaths for laboratory-confirmed influenza cases were obtained from two databases; the integrated Public Health Information System, which is the provincial reportable disease database, and the Discharge Abstract Database, which
Reduction in avoidable hospitalizations of nursing home residents is a major concern to health care providers as well as payers. Not only are hospitalizations costly but also hospitalized nursing home residents experience functional and physical decline as a result of hospital transitions that can result in worsening health conditions or death. In 2012, the Missouri Quality Initiative (MOQI) was funded by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Innovations Center and Medicare-Medicaid Coordination Office as a part of a national demonstration, Initiative to Reduce Avoidable Hospitalizations Among Nursing Facility Residents. While avoiding hospitalizations is important for both short- and long-stay nursing home residents, the CMS initiative focuses on long-stay residents. The CMS funded 7 sites across the United States with the purpose for each site ...
by Robert Herriman, Outbreak News Today. The number of influenza related hospitalizations in Ohio have skyrocketed this year to date as compared to the 4-year-average for the Buckeye state (see chart below).. According to the Ohio Department of Health, 1,919 such hospitalizations have been reported thus far during the 2014-15 flu season. In fact, during the previous week alone (Dec. 14-20), Ohio had 935 new confirmed influenza-associated hospitalizations - a dramatic increase over the previous weeks 529 new hospitalizations.. Influenza A (H3N2) is the predominant virus strain this flu season.. During the same period in 2013, Ohio saw 331 flu-related hospitalizations (H3N2 was not the predominant strain).. As a note of comparison, Ohio had 851 flu hospitalizations through Week 51 of the 2012-13 flu season when H3N2 was also predominant. The number of such hospitalizations for that entire flu season exceeded 5,000.. Cuyahoga County has been hit the hardest concerning flu hospitalizations, ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have observed that infectious intestinal disease (IID) related hospital admissions are higher in more deprived neighbourhoods. These studies have mainly focused on paediatric populations and are cross-sectional in nature. This study examines recent trends in emergency IID admission rates, and uses longitudinal methods to investigate the effects of unemployment (as a time varying measure of neighbourhood deprivation) and other socio-demographic characteristics on IID admissions for adults and children in England. METHODS: A longitudinal ecological analysis was performed using Hospital Episode Statistics on emergency hospitalisations for IID, collected over the time period 2012-17 across England. Analysis was conducted at the neighbourhood (Lower-layer Super Output Area) level for three age groups (0-14; 15-64; 65+ years). Mixed-effect Poisson regression models were used to assess the relationship between trends in neighbourhood unemployment and emergency IID admission rates,
WEDNESDAY, March 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Weakened hearts grow weaker and fail when influenza rages throughout the land, a new study reports.. Hospitalizations for heart failure increased dramatically in months when the flu season was at its worst: For every 5 percent monthly increase in flu activity, researchers observed a 24 percent increase in hospitalization rates for heart failure.. On average, as many as 1 in 5 heart failure hospitalizations appear to be triggered by the flu during the months when influenza viruses are circulating widely.. It was especially pronounced during the most virulent seasons that we studied, said lead researcher Orly Vardeny, an investigator with the Minneapolis VA Center for Care Delivery and Outcomes Research. Those years had the most pronounced association between influenza and heart failure hospitalizations.. For example, researchers found a 22 percent increased risk of heart failure during the 2010-2011 season. The particularly nasty H3N2 strain of ...
Background/Objectives: A general lack of studies comparing the effect of both dynapenic abdominal obesity and sarcopenic obesity on worsening disability and hospitalization risk should be recognized. The aim of the current study was to evaluate, with a 5.5-year follow-up, the prognostic value of sarcopenic obesity and dynapenic abdominal obesity definitions on worsening disability and hospitalization risk in a sample of older adults.Subjects/Methods: In 177 women and 97 men aged 68-78 years, the following outcomes were evaluated at baseline: appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASMM), percent fat mass (FM%), leg isometric strength, body mass index (BMI), lipid profile, vitamin D3, albumin, fibrinogen, glycemia, physical activity level, income, smoking status, and comorbidities. The rate of reported disabilities and hospitalization were also assessed at baseline, 1, 2, 3, and 5.5-years follow-up. The study population was classified into: (i) non-sarcopenic/obese (NS/O), sarcopenic/non-obese (S/NO),
Study Highlights: Stroke hospitalizations in South Carolina are increasing among middle-aged blacks. The disparity in South Carolina alone, was associated with $450 million in hospitalization charges over 10 years. The issue is not limited to the south as similar data has also been noted elsewhere.
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of universal mass vaccination (UMV) against rotavirus (RV) on the hospitalization rates, nosocomial RV infections and RV-gastroenteritis (GE)-associated secondary blood stream infections (BSI). The retrospective evaluation (2002-2009) by chart analysis included all clinically diagnosed and microbiologically confirmed RV-GE cases in a large tertiary care hospital in Austria. The pre-vaccination period (2002-2005) was compared with the recommended and early funded (2006-2007) and the funded (2008-2009) vaccination periods. Primary outcomes were RV-GE-associated hospitalizations, secondary outcomes nosocomial RV disease, secondary BSI and direct hospitalization costs for children and their accompanying persons. In 1,532 children with RV-GE, a significant reduction by 73.9% of hospitalized RV-GE cases per year could be observed between the pre-vaccination and the funded vaccination period, which was most pronounced in the age groups 0-11 months (by 87.8%), 6
Numerous studies have shown that gout hospitalizations have increased in the last decade. Also worrisome is a new studiy showing that patients admitted to the hospital are less likely to have received recommended urate-lowering treatment (ULT). (Abstract OP0262 - http://buff.ly/2roN7SF). Dehlin and Swedish researchers have analyzed the Western Swedish Health Care Region register to identify gout hospitalizations between 2000-2013. They found the annual hospitalization rate for gout increased from 12.2 to 16.7 per 100 000 adults, with a resultant 56% increase in healthcare costs.. Moreover, these patients were less likely to receive ULT - only 19 to 27% had been on ULT in the 6 months preceding their hospitalization. This considerable lack of treatment is seen as yet another reason for the growth in gout hospitalizations in Sweden.. A second study, examined whether nurse-led management of gout using EULAR guidelines and treat to target principles significantly improved patient outcomes compared ...
In the past decade, state-specific increases in the number of reported cases of coccidioidomycosis have been observed in areas of California and Arizona where the disease is endemic. Although most coccidioidomycosis is asymptomatic or mild, infection can lead to severe pulmonary or disseminated disease requiring hospitalization and costly disease management. To determine the epidemiology of cases and toll of coccidioidomycosis-associated hospitalizations in California, we reviewed hospital discharge data for 2000-2011. During this period, there were 25,217 coccidioidomycosis-associated hospitalizations for 15,747 patients and &gt;$2 billion US in total hospital charges. Annual initial hospitalization rates increased from 2.3 initial hospitalizations/100,000 population in 2000 to 5.0 initial hospitalizations/100,000 population in 2011. During this period, initial hospitalization rates were higher for men than women, African Americans and Hispanics than Whites, and older persons than younger persons.
Conformal radiation therapies such as intensity-modulated radiation and stereotactic body radiation were used more commonly in the abdominal group (75% of patients), whereas just 48% of patients in the pelvic group received these advanced treatment techniques. Approximately 60% of patients in the abdominal group received concurrent chemotherapy, whereas 81% of patients in the pelvic group had concurrent chemotherapy.. Among 1,350 cases, data showed that the incidence of unplanned hospitalization within 30 days of radiation therapy was 12.3% (13.3% in the abdominal cohort and 10.7% in the pelvic cohort). The average length of stay was the same between the two cohorts (5 days); however, 25% of patients had an unplanned hospital stay of 10 days or longer, Dr. -Christopherson reported.. A secondary analysis of global costs in hospitalized vs nonhospitalized patients showed an increase of nearly $50,000 in median health-care costs among those hospitalized within 30 days of starting radiation therapy ...
Invasive candidiasis is a major nosocomial fungal disease in the United States associated with high rates of illness and death. We analyzed inpatient hospitalization records from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project to estimate incidence of invasive candidiasis-associated hospitalizations in the United States. We extracted data for 33 states for 2002-2012 by using codes from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification, for invasive candidiasis; we excluded neonatal cases. The overall age-adjusted average annual rate was 5.3 hospitalizations/100,000 population. Highest risk was for adults &gt;65 years of age, particularly men. Median length of hospitalization was 21 days; 22% of patients died during hospitalization. Median unadjusted associated cost for inpatient care was $46,684. Age-adjusted annual rates decreased during 2005-2012 for men (annual change -3.9%) and women (annual change -4.5%) and across nearly all age groups. We report a high mortality
Objective. To estimate the incidence and describe the epidemiologic characteristics of Kawasaki syndrome (KS) among children in the United States.. Methods. Hospital discharge records with a KS diagnosis among patients ,18 years of age were obtained from the 1997 and 2000 Kids Inpatient Database and weighted to estimate the number and rate of KS-associated hospitalizations for the United States.. Results. In 2000, ∼4248 hospitalizations associated with KS occurred in the United States, and the median age of patients at admission was 2 years. Children ,5 years of age accounted for 3277 of these KS hospitalizations (77%) and had a KS hospitalization rate of 17.1 per 100 000 children. This rate was similar to the 1997 rate of 17.6 per 100 000 children. The KS hospitalization rate was significantly higher for infants ,1 year of age than for children 1 to 4 years of age (19.8 and 16.4 per 100 000 children, respectively). The rate of KS hospitalizations among children aged ,5 years was highest ...
Kidney disease is the ninth leading cause of death in the United States (1). Nearly 26 million persons in the United States have chronic kidney disease (CKD), and another 20 million are at increased risk for CKD (2). End-stage renal disease (ESRD), which can be caused by either CKD or acute renal failure (ARF), results in approximately 85,000 deaths each year in the United States (3). The total annual cost of treating ESRD in the United States was approximately $33 billion in 2005 (3). Much of the care for CKD and ESRD is provided in the outpatient setting; however, the number of hospitalizations for ARF and chronic kidney failure (CKF) is substantial. In 2004, an estimated 221,000 hospitalizations with a first-listed discharge diagnosis of ARF and 19,000 with a first-listed discharge diagnosis of CKF occurred in the United States (4). To characterize national trends in kidney disease hospitalizations, CDC analyzed data from the National Hospital Discharge Survey (NHDS) for the period ...
MONDAY, Jan. 7, 2019 (HealthDay News) - For patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) hospitalization, influenza vaccination is associated with a significant reduction in influenza-related hospitalization, according to a study published online Jan. 4 in CHEST.. Sunita Mulpuru, M.D., from the University of Ottawa in Ontario, Canada, and colleagues analyzed data from a national, prospective, multicenter cohort study involving patients with COPD hospitalized between 2011 and 2015. Patients received nasopharyngeal swabs that were tested for influenza. Data were analyzed for 4,198 hospitalized COPD patients with known vaccination status.. The researchers found that vaccinated versus unvaccinated individuals had a 38 percent reduction in influenza-related hospitalizations. Compared with influenza-negative patients, patients positive for influenza (38.5 percent) experienced significantly higher crude mortality (9.7 versus 7.9 percent) and critical illness (17.2 versus 12.1 percent). In ...
People discharged from hospital with heart failure have relatively poor outcomes. In this study, just over one in ten patients died before discharge, and of those discharged, 4% died within a month and one in five had an unplanned readmission. While unplanned readmission and post-discharge mortality rates did vary across hospitals, in our study this between-hospital variation did not account for a significant proportion of the total variation in outcomes once individual patient characteristics were accounted for. A range of patient characteristics were associated with a higher risk of unplanned readmission, including being male, prior hospitalisation for cardiovascular disease and for anemia, comorbidities at the time of admission, lower BMI and lower social interaction scores. Similarly, risk of 30-day mortality was associated with patient-level factors, in particular age and comorbidity.. Heart failure is one of the most common underlying medical conditions in patients readmitted to hospital ...
Between 2000 and 2005, there were 281,000 total preventable hospital pediatric admissions. After adjusting for the effects of time and county, the rate of ambulatory care sensitive conditions (ACSC) hospitalizations was significantly lower post-implementation of Childrens Health Initiatives (CHIs), versus pre-implementation for children of lower-income families, but not for children of higher-income families. We estimate that 6324 ACSC hospitalizations may have already been prevented in existing CHI counties after implementation, saving about $6.7 million over the 6 years, assuming $7000 per child hospitalization ...
Objective: To compare the rates of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) among children in north-west Queensland, according to age, sex and Indigenous status.. Design, setting and patients: Retrospective chart review of hospitalisations at Mt Isa Base Hospital, Queensland, from 1 January 2007 to 31 December 2011 among children , 15 years of age.. Main outcome measures: Rates of admission for bronchiolitis, pneumonia and bronchiectasis, calculated using population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.. Results: There were 356 admissions for ALRI, involving 276 children. Of the 162 children aged , 12 months old, 125 (77.2%) were Indigenous. Hospitalisations increased over the study period, and rates were significantly higher among Indigenous children compared with non-indigenous children (24.1 v 4.5 per 1000 population per year). There were 195 admissions of 164 children with pneumonia, 126 (76.8%) of whom were Indigenous. Annual rates for Indigenous children were higher than for ...
PLoS One. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31490961#) 2019 Sep 6;14(9):e0221479. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221479. eCollection 2019. Burden of influenza-associated respiratory hospitalizations in the Americas, 2010-2015. Palekar RS (https://www.ncbi.nl
Ministry of Health (Singapore). Singapore MediClaims Database - Resident Population Inpatient Hospitalization and Outpatient Counts 2008 ...
Background-Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and metabolic syndrome are associated with increased risk of heart failure (HF). However, predictors associated with the increased risk of incident HF have not been well characterized. We aimed to identify independent predictors of incident HF hospitalization among patients with IGT. Methods and Results-In NAVIGATOR, 9306 research participants with IGT and one or more cardiovascular risk factors were randomized to valsartan versus placebo and nateglinide versus placebo in a 2x2 factorial manner, with a median follow-up of 6.5 years. Using a multivariable Cox proportional hazards model, we analyzed the relationships among baseline clinical factors and the outcome of incident HF hospitalization in patients without history of HF. Significant predictors were identified by forward selection. Increasing age, history of coronary heart disease, and atrial fibrillation or flutter were among several known independent predictors of incident HF hospitalization. ...
p>Institutionalized people represent 9 to 37% of the patients hospitalized in emergency. The aim of this study is to clarify practical conditions of decision and realization of an hospitalization in emergency from an institution.,/p>,p>This is a prospective and descriptive longitudinal study of the hospitalizations in emergency of institutionalized elderly during six months, from 11 nursing homes.,/p>,p>The patients hospitalized in emergency are old (86.7 ± 7.3 years), more than 80% are women, widows and dependent (GIR 3). Main reasons for hospitalization in emergency are falls in a third of cases and cardio-pulmonary failure (27%). The alert is given by nurses and auxiliary nurses in 60% of cases. The decision of hospitalization is medical in more than 80% of cases. The medical opinion is only on phone in 24.4% of cases. After hospitalizations, 85% of patients came back straight to their institution and 10% died during their stay at the hospital.,/p>,p>The terms of hospitalization in emergency ...
This manuscript describes the largest collection of COVID-19 cases among patients with rheumatic diseases, with 600 cases from 40 countries. We identified factors associated with higher odds of COVID-19 hospitalisation, including older age, presence of comorbidities and higher doses of prednisone (≥10 mg/day). We did not see an association between prior NSAID use or antimalarials and hospitalisation for COVID-19. We did find b/tsDMARD monotherapy to be associated with a lower odds of hospitalisation, an effect that was largely driven by anti-TNF therapies. Over half of the reported cases did not require hospitalisation, including many patients receiving b/tsDMARDs. The rate of hospitalisation was higher than in cohorts of general patients with COVID-19 but this likely reflects the mechanism by which we collected the case information and should not be interpreted as the true rate of hospitalisation among patients with rheumatic disease infected with SARS-CoV-2.. Prior to this report, there had ...
In addition to those persons, including the dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel, now authorized to receive hospitalization at naval hospitals, hospitalization and dispensary service may be provided at naval hospitals and dispensaries outside of the continental limits of the United States and in Alaska, to the officers and employees of any department or agency of the Federal Government, to employees of a contractor with the United States or his subcontractor, to the dependents of such persons, and in emergencies to such other persons as the Secretary of the Navy may prescribe: Provided, That such hospitalization and dispensary service to other than the dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel shall be permitted only where facilities are not otherwise available in reasonably accessible and appropriate non-Federal hospitals. The charge for hospitalization or dispensary service for persons other than dependents of naval and Marine Corps personnel as specified in this section shall ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Hospital admissions for stroke among the very old in the USA. AU - Tabereaux, Paul B.. AU - Brass, Lawrence M.. AU - Concato, John. AU - Bravata, Dawn M.. PY - 2008/9/1. Y1 - 2008/9/1. N2 - Background: We sought to describe the proportion of acute ischemic stroke admissions for very old patients (≥85 years), compare the characteristics of very old versus younger patients and identify factors among very old patients associated with adverse outcomes. Methods: The 2000 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data included acute ischemic stroke hospitalizations for patients ≥45 years. The combined outcome was in-hospital mortality or discharge to a long-term care facility. Results: Among 15,020 stroke hospitalizations, 20.4% were for very old patients. The outcome rate was higher in hospitalizations for very old patients (2,176/3,058, 71.2%; versus 5,748/11,962, 48%; p , 0.0001). More hospitalizations for very old patients were for women (73.5 versus 55.1%; p , 0.0001), fewer for ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Greater risk of hospitalization in children with down syndrome and OSA at higher elevation. AU - Jensen, Kristin M.. AU - Sevick, Carter J.. AU - Seewald, Laura A S. AU - Halbower, Ann C.. AU - Davis, Matthew M.. AU - McCabe, Edward R B. AU - Kempe, Allison. AU - Abman, Steven H.. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk for OSA. Increasing elevation is known to exacerbate underlying respiratory disorders and worsen sleep quality in people without DS, but whether altitude modulates the severity of OSA in DS is uncertain. In this study, we evaluate the impact of elevation (1,500 m vs . 1,500 m) on the proportion of hospitalizations involving OSA in children with and without DS. METHODS: Merging the 2009 Kids Inpatient Database with zip-code linked elevation data, we analyzed diff erences in the proportion of pediatric hospitalizations (ages 2-20 years) involving OSA, pneumonia, and congenital heart disease (CHD), with and ...
Glade Run is pleased to offer acute partial hospitalization programming for youth ages 10-17 (as well as 18 - 21 year-old students who meet specific criteria) on our historic Zelienople campus. Acute partial hospitalization is a clinically enhanced day program that is provided to members clinical presentation requires intensive management by a multidisciplinary treatment team to deter inpatient hospitalization.. The program day in the Glade Run Acute Partial Hospitalization Program will begin in the classroom where clients will receive three hours (8:00AM-11:00AM) of instructional and therapeutic support.. Following instructional time, clients will have lunch and review progress, goals, expectations, and contract for safety with their Primary Clinician and Primary Group.. The afternoon portion of the acute partial will consist of three therapeutic skill groups (including; Recreation, Process, Creative Expression, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy), medication ...
Delaware health officials reported 196 coronavirus-related hospitalizations on Wednesday, the lowest this figure has been since mid-April.
On Sunday, there were 171 patients hospitalized with confirmed coronavirus infections, up almost 30% from June 29. Hospitalizations dropped slightly on Monday to 165 people. However, thats still higher than the 132 COVID-19 patients in hospitals a week ago, according to data from the Colorado Hospital Association.. Hospitalizations are an indicator of the severity of the pandemic, and help inform public health policy decisions, such as whether to roll back reopening. While young and adults and teenagers are at a lower risk of complications from COVID-19, they can still end up in the hospital because of the disease. They also can transmit the virus to others without experiencing symptoms themselves.. You would expect that would lead to fewer hospitalizations than if we were seeing an increase among an older age group, Miller said. Thats something thats on the positive side of things, but going forward, I think the question is will we see those infections spilling over to those older age ...
Objective to build up and validate the Drug Derived Difficulty Index (DDCI), a predictive model derived from drug prescriptions able to stratify the general population according to the risk of death, unplanned hospital admission, and readmission, and to compare the new predictive index with the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). was compared to the CCI in terms of calibration, discrimination and reclassification. Setting 6 local health government bodies with 2.0 million citizens aged 40 years or above. Results One year and overall mortality rates, unplanned hospitalization rates and hospital readmission rates gradually improved with increasing ABT-737 DDCI score. In the overall human population, the model including age, gender and DDCI showed a high overall performance. DDCI expected 1-yr mortality, general mortality and unplanned hospitalization with an precision of 0.851, 0.835, and 0.584, respectively. If in comparison to CCI, DDCI demonstrated reclassification and discrimination properties ...
The nationwide rate of being hospitalized for heart failure is on the decline. A major new study has found the positive health news.
AstraZeneca announced new data showing a higher risk of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalization during the 2015-2016 season vs. data from the pre
Mehmet Ali Cikrikcioglu, Pinar Soysal, Digdem Dikerdem, Mustafa Cakirca, Rumeyza Kazancioglu, Servet Yolbas, Hafize Erkal, Mehmet Hursitoglu, Tulin Kurt Karakose, Muharrem Kiskac, Mehmet Akkaya, Mehmet Zorlu, Muhammed Emin Akkoyunlu, Tufan Tukek ...
A unique policy that covers hospitalisation and Outpatient Department Expenses (including Dental treatment, cost of medicines and drugs) and enables optimum tax savings of up to Rs. 5099 u/s 80D. Policy Coverage This is a comprehensive Tax-Saving health plan and provides 2 covers: Basic Hospitalisation Cover Outpatient Department (OPD) Basic Hospitalisation Cover This covers inpatient hospitalisation expenses up to sum insured of Rs. 2 or Rs. 3 Lakhs (depending on the plan chosen). You can avail the cashless claim facility in any of the 4500+ network hospitals across India. Basic Hospitalisation cover includes: Medical expenses incurred as an inpatient during hospitalisation for more than 24 hours, including room charges, doctors / surgeons fee, medicines, diagnostic tests, etc. 30 days prior to hospitalization 60 days post hospitalization Pre-existing disease can be covered after the 2nd year provided the policy is renewed with us for three consecutive years. Technologically advanced ...
Using a standardized schedule of questions, this study examined (a) the prevalence of self-report of violent thoughts by patients hospitalized for mental disorders compared with nonpatients, (b) the persistence of violent thoughts after discharge, and (c) the relation between patients violent thoughts while hospitalized and violent acts within 20 weeks after hospital discharge. About 1/3 of the patients reported thoughts of violence while hospitalized, more than twice the proportion found among nonpatients. Reporting violent thoughts in hospital was significantly related to engaging in violent acts within 20 weeks after discharge for non-White patients, patients without major mental disorder but with substance abuse diagnoses, patients with high symptom severity, and patients whose reports of violent thoughts persisted after discharge. Reporting violent thoughts was significantly related to measures of psychopathy, anger, and impulsiveness.
Background: I am a 23 year old female working on recovery from anorexia nervosa. I was hospitalized in July of 2013 for medical stabilization at around 95 pounds, 57. In the hospital, I gained 12-15 pounds, and was discharged somewhere around 108-109 pounds with stable lab values. I admitted to a day treatment program where I ate 3 meals and 2 snacks in program, and then lived in a supervised, sober, transitional living home. I do not know exactly how many calories I was eating at the time, but I think it was at least 2000-2500 calories a day. I was not exercising at all, had not changed medications, had not been sick, and was not using any illicit substances. Routine labs came back with a total creatinine kinase of 1800+. I was told to ignore the CK values by my doctor, but the treatment team was concerned. The following day, I developed severe muscle pain--it was something between a burning feeling, a cramping feeling, and a feeling that I had been exercising vigorously and my muscles were ...
New study of patients who survive Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) finds their subsequent quality of life has more to do with lifestyle factors than h
On October 8, 2020, Governor Greg Abbott issued Executive Order GA-32 to reopen certain venues to 75% capacity and allow resumption of elective surgeries in certain counties. Counties that reside in Trauma Service Areas (TSAs) with high COVID‑19 hospitalizations are excluded from these reopenings.. Per the GA-32, areas with high hospitalizations means any Trauma Service Area that has had seven consecutive days in which the number of COVID‑19 hospitalized patients as a percentage of total hospital capacity exceeds 15 percent, until such time as the Trauma Service Area has seven consecutive days in which the number of COVID‑19 hospitalized patients as a percentage of total hospital capacity is 15 percent or less. A county within a TSA that has high hospitalizations may still reopen up to 75% if the county meets attestation parameters established under GA-32.. GA-32 took effect on October 14, 2020.. ...
In a new study, Peiris and colleagues present the results of a study in which they obtained information on patients admitted to hospitals in Hong Kong during the period 1996 2000. They developed an appropriate statistical technique that allowed them to capture influenza-associated mortality even in the absence of a predictable seasonal pattern of influenza, and also controlled for potential confounding factors as variations in temperature and humidity. The researchers found that during influenza outbreaks, hospital admissions increased, not just for respiratory diseases such as pneumonia but also for cardiovascular conditions and diabetes. The increases were most noticeable for older people. Overall, influenza was responsible for 11.6% of admissions for respiratory disease, 1.5% of admissions for stroke, 1.8% of admissions for heart attacks, and 3.5% of admissions for diabetes. These figures are comparable with what has been found in developed countries outside the tropics ...
Objective:The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of medication adherence on healthcare utilization and cost for 4 chronic conditions that are major drivers of drug spending: diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and congestive heart failure.Research Design:The authors conduct
Patients with heart failure (HF) routinely experience a course punctuated by recurrent hospitalizations. Following acute HF hospitalization, nearly 30% of patients are rehospitalized within 60 to 90 days (1). Approximately 45% of these hospitalizations are for recurrent/refractory HF symptoms, but a similar percentage is due to noncardiovascular causes (2). Because readmissions worsen patients quality of life (3), increase the risk for future adverse events (4), and constitute a substantial financial burden (5), interventions that reduce hospitalizations represent an unmet need that would benefit patients with HF, the medical community, payers, and society.. Public and private payers have targeted the reduction of readmissions as a pay-for-performance quality measure. In 2009, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services began public reporting of HF readmission rates and then enacted financial penalties for poorly performing hospitals in 2010 (6). Although data suggest that many early ...
Hospitalization[edit]. In 1933, O'Keeffe was hospitalized for two months after having suffered a nervous breakdown, largely ...
1950-1958: Post-hospitalization and comeback attempt[edit]. On March 23, 1950, at her parents' request, Farmer was paroled back ...
Hospitalization[edit]. Hospitalization allows the patient to be in a secure, supervised environment to prevent the suicidal ... Hospitalization may also be treatment option if an individual: *Has access to lethal means (e.g., a firearm or a stockpile of ... The main treatments include: therapy, hospitalization, outpatient treatment, and medication or other modalities.[1] ...
Hospitalization and release[edit]. On October 26, 2014, Khaled was moved to a private hospital where he continued his detention ...
Referrals and voluntary hospitalization[edit]. In some locations, such as the United States, voluntary hospitalizations are ... find appropriate alternatives to psychiatric hospitalization for the patient, and to treat those patients whose symptoms can be ... outnumbered by involuntary commitments partly due to the fact that insurance tends not to pay for hospitalization unless an ...
Diagnosis and hospitalizations[edit]. In 1996, Ruiz's liver began to fail leading to a hospitalization and a temporary coma, ... which resulted in three hospitalizations that lasted for months and extended throughout August.[43] The worst of these bouts ...
Hospitalization. Lupus.[medical citation needed] The diagnosis can typically be made from the clinical appearance alone, but ...
Hospitalization of a parent. 55 Jail sentence of parent for over 30 days. 53 ...
Hospitalization (initial or prolonged). *Disability - significant, persistent, or permanent change, impairment, damage or ... during hospitalization.[21] A study showed that 48% of patients had an adverse drug reaction to at least one drug, and ...
Hospitalization may be required. Psychotherapy may improve outcomes. Evidence for acupressure is poor. While vomiting in ... Home treatment is often less expensive than long-term or repeated hospitalizations. A number of antiemetics are effective and ...
Pascu refused hospitalization.[citation needed] His only request was to be administrated something in order to get some sleep, ...
None of the patients required hospitalization. No hemorrhagic manifestations occurred and no deaths resulted. It was estimated ...
His subsequent hospitalization lasted 2 months. Christine Roehrs, Qayoom Suroush, Young Technocrats Taking Over: Who are the ...
Hospitalization". popculture.com. 9 January 2021. Antonio Sabato at IMDb v t e. ...
... hospitalization rates, and morbidity at the time of hospitalization. An analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System ... increase in hospitalizations and 9% increase in hospitalizations with a psychiatric diagnosis, 5.3% increase in utilizing ... hospitalization; maternity and newborn care; mental health and substance use disorder services, including behavioral health ... discharge data from 2012 to 2014 in four Medicaid expansion states and two non-expansion states revealed hospitalizations of ...
Hospitalization. [inpatient care] Maternity and newborn care Mental health and substance use disorder services, including ...
Hospitalization is required in more severe infections. For cases of septicemia, high doses of penicillin are required. C. ...
of age, as no clinical data exists Gastrointestinal tract: Ulceration of the esophagus; this may require hospitalization and ...
One survivor suffered serious injuries requiring hospitalization.[26] 1936: Lovatnet, Norway[edit]. On September 13, 1936, a ...
Contemporary newspaper accounts register her occasional hospitalizations. Walsh died on October 31, 1915, after a final bout ...
Risk of thrombosis is related to hospitalization. In 2005 the UK the Parliamentary Health Select Committee determined the ...
Often, the damaged internal tissue demands hospitalization. If not treated, this damaged tissue can cause complications (such ...
... and hospitalization of personnel; the acquisition or construction, maintenance, operation, and disposition of facilities; and ...
2018 hospitalization. On March 2, 2018, Ross was hospitalized after being found unresponsive in his Miami, Florida, home from a ...
N. Lehrman (1961). "Follow-up of brief and prolonged psychiatric hospitalization". Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2: 227-40. doi: ...
These populations have a higher risk of hospitalization, longer hospital stays, are less likely to comply with treatment, are ... "Neighborhood recent immigration and hospitalization in Toronto, Canada". Canadian Journal of Public Health. 95 (3): 130-134. ...
Hospitalization at Dachau". Retrieved 2 June 2015. Typhus Epidemic Sweeping Camp. INS International News Service New Castle ...
"Hospitalization Report" (PDF). 18 November 2004. Retrieved 22 November 2015. "Palestinians may exhume Yasser Arafat's body for ...
Negro Hospitalization, 1937. The Health Status and Needs of the Negro Adolescent, 1940. The Health Status of Negro Workers in ...
Dobbs required hospitalization. Past Mount Hope, the tornado weakened to EF3 strength. More trees were found snapped and ...
Interim Guidance for Implementing Home Care of People Not Requiring Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). ... Interim Guidance for Implementing Home Care of People Not Requiring Hospitalization for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) ... This includes patients evaluated in an outpatient setting who do not require hospitalization (i.e., patients who are medically ... stable and can receive care at home) or patients who are discharged home following a hospitalization with confirmed COVID-19 ...
Partial hospitalization had singular advantages well attuned to the times: it did not force a separation between the patient ... 1.Partial Hospitalization, Department of Psychiatry, Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of ... or full-time hospitalization on the other. Most of us were convinced in those days that treatment could, and indeed should, ... the concept of partial hospitalization, which can be traced back at least 30 years, became a symbol of the new social ...
Cost coverage info on partial hospitalization for programs, therapy, training, education, more. ... Mental health care (partial hospitalization) Medicare Part B (Medical Insurance) may provide partial hospitalization coverage ... Partial hospitalization provides a structured program of outpatient psychiatric services as an alternative to inpatient ... As part of your partial hospitalization program costs, Medicare may cover these:. *Occupational therapy thats part of your ...
Hospitalizations & Emergency Dept Visitsplus icon*Emergency Department Visits. *Hospitalization Surveillance Network COVID-NET ...
... its curve of hospitalizations is beginning to mimic the plateau in cases that began about a month beforehand. And, in at least ... Coronavirus: California hits hospitalization… Share this:. *Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window) ... Hospitalizations in the Bay Area, like the state, are lower than they were for all of April. However, in the Bay Area, they ... Coronavirus: California hits hospitalization milestone, but two counties provide concern Shasta and Sonoma counties have seen ...
... Brian Mansfield, Special for USA TODAY Published 8:39 p.m. ET June 6, ... Tracy Lawrence returns to stage after hospitalization. Tracy Lawrence was glad to play the CMA Music Festival Thursday at ... Tracy Lawrence returns to stage after hospitalization Tracy Lawrence was glad to play the CMA Music Festival Thursday at ...
How might the presence of chronic disease impact opioid-related hospitalization? ... Diagnosis Codes Used to Identify Opioid-Related Hospitalization Hospitalization Type. ICD-9-CM Code. ... Opioid-Related Hospitalization and Its Association With Chronic Diseases. Findings From the National Inpatient Sample, 2011- ... Table 1. Prevalence of Opioid-Related Hospitalizations Among Adults Aged 18 or Older, National Inpatient Sample, 2011-2015 a ...
What Are Your Rights Regarding Hospitalization for Depression?. Many people with depression may need hospitalization because ... When Hospitalization Is Needed for Depression. In this Article. In this Article In this Article * Who Needs to Be Hospitalized ... The goal of hospitalization is to get you on the right track by starting treatments that can be continued on an outpatient ... What Are Your Rights Regarding Hospitalization for Depression? Most depression -- over 90% -- is treated on an outpatient basis ...
... WSET Lynchburg UP NEXT. * Rep. Riggleman reflects on term ... COVID-19 hospitalizations at Centra rivaling highest peak. WSET Lynchburg * Downtown Lynchburg Association encourages shopping ... COVID-19 hospitalizations at Centra rivaling highest peak. WSET Lynchburg 0:29 ... Lynchburg General Hospital reports concerning hospitalization trend. Duration: 00:51 10/28/2020. ...
... a proper medical examination of Dzhakishev to determine if he requires hospitalization.. Dzhakisheva says her husbands health ...
... to smoking in the home has been linked to a nearly twofold increase risk for asthma exacerbation requiring hospitalization in ... This twofold difference in hospitalization risk is clinically important because hospitalizations for asthma have been linked ... "It also illustrates the increased burden of disease on the health care system with increased rates of hospitalizations," they ... Exposure to secondhand smoke nearly doubles the risk for hospitalization for an asthma exacerbation in children with asthma, ...
Miley Cyrus is back on the road. Well, not exactly, but she is on the road to recovery.. Early in April, Cyrus had to be hospitalized after suffering from a severe allergic reaction to Penicillin. Miley had been battling a sinus infection when she was prescribed the drug Cephalexin. Cephalexin is in the same drug class as Penicillin, and caused the 21-year-old to have the reaction.. During a recent interview with Ryan Seacrest on his radio show On Air with Ryan Seacrest, Miley opened up about her scary hospital stay and having to postpone her Bangerz tour.. "They gave me this medicine and I was on this medicine for five days. Its all good and then on the sixth day I just woke up and it was ... so scary. I had basically been poisoning myself with something I didnt know I was really scary allergic to," Miley explained to Ryan. "I never thought Id get stuck in there as long as I did. I basically thought Id be stuck for a night, and I was actually there for five or six days." ...
Merikangas KR, He J, Bustein M, et al. Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in U.S. adolescents: Results from the National Comorbidity Study-Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A). Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2010;49(10):980-989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
... By Rick Nauert PhD Associate News Editor ... PTSD is often associated with warfare, major catastrophes and assault, not hospitalization. However, in a new study Johns ... Nauert PhD, R. (2018). ICU Hospitalization Tied To PTSD. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 21, 2020, from https:// ... psychcentral.com/news/2015/04/21/icu-hospitalization-tied-to-ptsd/83748.html ...
A long time since Ive posted. Nice to see some familiar names. I moved to a new city this year and (stupidly) did not immediately connect with a new...
A higher body mass index is linked to a higher risk of hospitalization, according to a new study. Here, how to lose weight to ... The rate of hospitalization (of at least one night) was highest among those with the highest BMI (35-50). That means that for ... "We showed that, on average, risk of hospitalization increases gradually as BMI increases, starting with people in the ... this is likely to reduce your risk of health problems and hospitalization." Use these four tried-and-true weight-loss ...
Filed under: Reports and Articles - Tags: hospitalization - admin @ 4:40 pm "Hospitalizations for Patients Aged 85 and Over in ... A. "Hospitalization of the aged due to stroke: An ecological perspective," by Marcelo de Jesus Carlos, Ana Carolina Lima ... "Prediction of Hospitalization due to Adverse Drug Reactions in Elderly Community-Dwelling Patients (The PADR-EC Score)," by ... A. "Mortality, Hospitalizations, and Expenditures for the Medicare Population Aged 65 Years or Older, 1999-2013," by Harlan M. ...
... during hospitalization may buffer parents and children from the stress of the hospitalization. After discharge, resources that ... Can Hospitalization Precipitate Toxic Stress?. Anita N. Shah, Karen E. Jerardi, Katherine A. Auger, Andrew F. Beck ... However, we are not taught how to help families cope with the stress of a hospitalization. As we entered the room to discuss ... Could the stress of this hospitalization be toxic to her? To this family? ...
... Distribution of rates of illicit opioid use during ... our results show that we can have a marked impact on patients addiction by addressing it during their hospitalization. ... and were simply offered the opportunity during a medically-necessary hospitalization. ...
A new study finds that moderate drinking has associations with a lower risk of hospitalization. The results also confirm the ... Alcohol intake and hospitalization risk. Specifically, the researchers looked at the link between all-cause hospitalizations ... "The data on hospitalizations is very important in relation to the impact of alcohol on public health," she says. ... Drinking in moderation may reduce the risk of hospitalization.. The effects of alcohol consumption on health are the subject of ...
World reacts to Carrie Fishers hospitalization. Published December 23, 2016. Fox News ...
Comparing hospitalization records with data reported to local boards of health presents a more accurate way to monitor how well ... In a paper titled "Hospitalization Records as a Tool for Evaluating Performance of Food and Water-Borne Disease Surveillance ... the team was able to calculate an average statewide SHR of one hospitalization for every 1.7 cases of the infection reported ... s surveillance to hospitalization ratio (SHR) for cities and towns across the state. ...
... and how microbiome analysis can be used to predict the risk of cirrhosis-associated hospitalizations. ... Sadly, hospitalizations are distressingly common, often lead to re-hospitalizations and are very expensive regardless of the ... Using the Microbiome to Predict the Risk of Cirrhosis-Associated Hospitalization. *Download PDF Copy ... Why is it important that new methods are developed to predict the risk of cirrhosis-associated hospitalization?. The current ...
Québec and Canadian immigration law requires non-Canadian students to have valid health and hospitalization insurance for the ... As soon as they register, all international students are automatically covered by mandatory health and hospitalization ...
Research has shown that being hospitalized for an infection may increase the risk for suicidal behavior, suggesting for the first time that there may be a biological basis for some suicides or suicide
Fearing Inpatient Hospitalization. Asked by on 2018-05-8. with 1 answer:. Im a seventeen year old student in school and im ... which may be a partial hospitalization program (where you attend sessions at the hospital during the day but go to your own ... psychiatrist or other mental health personnel who will assess your symptoms and determine whether inpatient hospitalization is ... forever.I want to be able to take care of myself again and enjoy life.So my question to you is Does inpatient hospitalization ...
The study, published this week in the journal PLOS ONE, looked at hospitalization rates in parts of Pennsylvania from 2007 to ... The study also showed higher rates of hospitalization for neurological illness, skin conditions and cancer. ... and residents living in these ZIP codes were predicted to have a 27 percent increase in hospitalizations for heart conditions ... and social stressors due to hydraulic fracturing near their homes and this may add to the increased number of hospitalizations ...
... wwwn.cdc.gov/nndss/conditions/influenza-associated-hospitalizations/case-definition/2012/) ...
The chickenpox vaccine prevented more than 50,000 hospitalizations from 2000 to 2006, according to new data published in the ... Chickenpox Vaccine Drastically Cuts Hospitalizations. More Than 50,000 Hospitalizations Prevented From 2000 to 2006; Additional ... Hospitalization rates remained highest among children younger than 4, but even these numbers were 72% lower than they were ... Rates of hospitalization from chickenpox decreased by 71% during this time period. This translates into about 50,000 fewer ...
  • Bellevue "went above and beyond to really help me as an individual," Koosis said Tuesday as the city's first lady and others marked the partial hospitalization program's start. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) identifies Partial Hospitalization Programs as: "time limited, medically supervised programs that offer comprehensive, therapeutically intensive, coordinated, and structured clinical services. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partial hospitalization programs are available at least five days per week but may also offer half-day, weekend, or evening hours. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partial hospitalization programs may be freestanding or part of a broader system but should be identifiable as a distinct and separately organized unit. (wikipedia.org)
  • A partial hospitalization program consists of a series of structured, face-to-face therapeutic sessions organized at various levels of intensity and frequency. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partial hospitalization programs are typically designed for persons who are experiencing increased symptomatology, disturbances in behavior, or other conditions that negatively impact the mental or behavioral health of the person served. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given this, the persons served in partial hospitalization do not pose an immediate risk to themselves or others. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus it is no mere coincidence that when the community psychiatry movement emerged in the mid-60s as a powerful force for profound change in our traditional practice, the concept of partial hospitalization, which can be traced back at least 30 years, became a symbol of the new social psychiatry. (springer.com)
  • may provide partial hospitalization coverage if you meet certain requirements and your doctor certifies that you would otherwise need inpatient treatment . (medicare.gov)
  • Partial hospitalization provides a structured program of outpatient psychiatric services as an alternative to inpatient psychiatric care. (medicare.gov)
  • Medicare helps cover partial hospitalization services when they're provided through a hospital outpatient department or community mental health center. (medicare.gov)
  • A doctor must evaluate whether hospitalization is necessary and appropriate and whether a less intense treatment setting, such as an intensive outpatient program or partial hospital program, may be a more appropriate alternative. (webmd.com)
  • Once stabilized, the hospital staff is usually attempting to move the patient to the next least restrictive level of care, which may be a partial hospitalization program (where you attend sessions at the hospital during the day but go to your own home at night) or an outpatient setting. (psychcentral.com)
  • And it said Georgia, Alabama, and Florida reported only partial updates to hospitalization data. (pbs.org)
  • Partial hospitalization programs are time limited, medically supervised programs that offer comprehensive, therapeutically intensive, coordinated, and structured clinical services. (carf.org)
  • Instead, she took a step midway: "partial hospitalization," spending her days at Bellevue in therapy and an on-site school and her nights at home with her family. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Bellevue's $1.4 million partial hospitalization option "will bridge the gap between hospitalization and outpatient care," McCray said. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Patients generally can be in the partial hospitalization program for up to two months. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Partial hospitalization, also known as PHP (partial hospitalization program), is a type of program used to treat mental illness and substance abuse. (wikipedia.org)
  • In partial hospitalization, the patient continues to reside at home, but commutes to a treatment center up to seven days a week. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partial hospitalization focuses on the overall treatment of the individual and is intended to avert or reduce in-patient hospitalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • Partial hospitalization programs in the United States can be provided in either a hospital setting or by a free-standing community mental health center (CMHC). (wikipedia.org)
  • Specific guidelines for assessment, treatment, facility maintenance, performance improvement, and client outcome studies are integral to partial hospitalization programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • This includes patients evaluated in an outpatient setting who do not require hospitalization (i.e., patients who are medically stable and can receive care at home) or patients who are discharged home following a hospitalization with confirmed COVID-19 infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Our study outlines some of the major differences among CSBs and, using an instrumental variable (IV) approach, estimates how the availability and use of outpatient mental health services affects hospitalization rates among Medicaid recipients. (repec.org)
  • Understanding how the extensiveness of outpatient services provided to individuals with mentally illness influences hospitalization rates has important implications for health, as well as for the state’s budget and the criminal justice system. (repec.org)
  • The authors conclude: "The high concentration of risk of suicides and other adverse outcomes might justify targeting expanded posthospitalization interventions to soldiers classified as having highest post-hospitalization suicide risk, although final determination requires careful consideration of intervention costs, comparative effectiveness and possible adverse effects. (eurekalert.org)
  • A Florida managed care company, which Anthem acquired two years ago, already had a program in place to provide post-hospitalization meals. (indystar.com)
  • Studies have shown that providing post-hospitalization nutrition can help with healing, said Ritch Brandon, senior vice president for marketing and strategy for GA Foods in an email. (indystar.com)
  • Physicians and caregivers should make preparations for post-hospitalization care that assumes a loss of function, Covinsky said. (ucsf.edu)
  • Auezov, Abilov, and Dzhakishev's wife, Dzhamilya Dzhakisheva, demanded that Kazakh officials perform 'a proper medical examination of Dzhakishev to determine if he requires hospitalization. (rferl.org)
  • In Thailand, however, influenza is commonly considered a mild infection that rarely requires hospitalization. (nih.gov)
  • There was a time, not long ago, when the only treatment options considered to be worthwhile for patients requiring psychiatric care were the 50-minute hour on the one hand, or full-time hospitalization on the other. (springer.com)
  • That is less than one-third of the active patients from its peak on July 21, when there were 7,170 coronavirus hospitalizations, but a decline of just 7.7% in the past two weeks. (mercurynews.com)
  • We found that more than 90% of opioid-related hospitalizations were among patients with 2 or more chronic diseases and that the trend in opioid-related hospitalization among patients with chronic diseases is increasing. (medscape.com)
  • Despite these limitations, our findings show an increasing trend in opioid-related hospitalization among patients with chronic diseases and a high prevalence of opioid-related hospitalization among patients with multiple chronic conditions. (medscape.com)
  • In patients with permanent atrial fibrillation , Multaq doubles the risk of death, stroke and hospitalization for heart failure. (medicinenet.com)
  • Patients with cirrhosis are also prone to liver cancer, which is another cause for hospitalization. (news-medical.net)
  • All patients were followed over 90 days to determine hospitalizations. (news-medical.net)
  • We have completed a multi-center analysis of outcomes during hospitalizations for patients with cirrhosis and are currently carrying out trials related to fecal microbial transplantation. (news-medical.net)
  • AP) - With the number of coronavirus patients requiring hospitalization rising at alarming levels, Missouri and perhaps a handful of other states are unable to post accurate data on COVID-19 dashboards because of a flaw in the federal reporting system. (pbs.org)
  • Hospitalizations often last one or two weeks, but it can take longer for young patients to be ready to take on daily life, noted Dr. Jennifer Havens, Bellevue's child psychiatry director. (washingtontimes.com)
  • An oncologist's advice to consider hospice care significantly increased the likelihood of avoidable hospitalization among patients with advanced gastrointestinal (GI) cancers, a retrospective review of patient records showed. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The findings came from a review of 201 hospitalizations involving 154 patients with GI cancers. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The authors found that 81% of the patients had metastatic disease, and 70% had at least one hospitalization in the previous year. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Hospitalization provides an opportunity for physicians to optimize heart failure treatment to reduce the likelihood of hospital readmission and death, reduce the burden of hospitalizations, and improve outcomes for patients living with heart failure. (novartis.com)
  • Both the number of patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of heart failure and age-adjusted hospitalization rates for heart failure have increased dramatically over the past 27 years," said Longjian Liu, M.D., Ph.D., M.Sc. (news-medical.net)
  • Patients ages 75-84 had twice the risk of being hospitalized for heart failure than those 65-74 those age 85 or older had four times more risk of hospitalization for heart failure than those ages 65-74. (news-medical.net)
  • In response to the influx of cases and hospitalizations, Arizona has recruited traveling nurses to help treat coronavirus patients. (yahoo.com)
  • Patients with type 2 diabetes who take their oral medication only some of the time risk hospitalization. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Using data from a managed care organization, researchers examined the link between nonadherence and subsequent hospitalization in 900 adult patients with type 2 diabetes. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • The risk of hospitalization increased by >2-fold in patients with type 2 diabetes who had been nonadherent to their oral medications the year before. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • The investigators noted that hospitalization was a strong possibility even after considering the effect of other illnesses and the patients' adherence to hypertension- and cholesterol-lowering medications. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • and cholesterol-lowering medication, seen in 18.8% and 26.9% of the patients, respectively, was not significantly connected with an increased risk of hospitalization. (pharmacytimes.com)
  • Patients with the lowest scores were 1.87 times as likely as those with the highest scores to experience all-cause hospitalization, and 2.27 times as likely to experience potentially avoidable hospitalization. (apta.org)
  • Patients with scores in the middle range were 1.40 times and 1.76 times as likely as the high-score group to experience all-cause and potentially avoidable hospitalization, respectively. (apta.org)
  • Reuters) - A commonly used asthma treatment appears to reduce the need for hospitalizations as well as recovery time for COVID-19 patients if given within seven days of symptoms appearing, researchers at the University of Oxford said on Tuesday. (reuters.com)
  • The 28-day study of 146 patients suggested that inhaled budesonide reduced the risk of urgent care or hospitalization by 90% when compared with usual care, Oxford University said. (reuters.com)
  • Daily deaths have continued to decrease even as cases and hospitalizations stabilize. (mercurynews.com)
  • This means more protection for more people, and fewer hospitalizations and deaths from chickenpox, Bernstein says. (webmd.com)
  • From 1998 to 1999, researchers from 21st Century Consumer conducted developmental research to be used in the creation of educational programs to help reduce the number of injuries and deaths due to preventable errors during hospitalization. (rwjf.org)
  • Soldiers in the highest predicted suicide risk stratum (group) had seven unintentional injury deaths, 830 suicide attempts and 3,765 subsequent hospitalizations within 12 months of hospital discharge. (eurekalert.org)
  • An ABC News analysis of New York Times data found that new positive cases, hospitalizations and deaths have all increased in Arizona. (yahoo.com)
  • Immunizations will prevent more than 21 million hospitalizations and 732,000 deaths among children who were born in the last 20 years, according to the CDC report, which underscores the importance of sustaining high vaccination coverage. (healthline.com)
  • During a press conference, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced that the total hospitalization and intubations are down in New York, but says the number of deaths is 'still distressing. (msnbc.com)
  • Five counties in Southern California - Los Angeles, Orange, San Diego, San Bernardino and Riverside - continue to lead the state in hospitalizations, cases and deaths from the virus. (mercurynews.com)
  • While Cuomo said that lower hospitalization rates were a good sign, he reported that New York simultaneously saw the largest day-to-day jump in coronavirus-related deaths - 799 - since the outbreak began. (lohud.com)
  • Does our patient's mother have supports that could mitigate potential harm to her or her child resulting from a stressful hospitalization? (aappublications.org)
  • However, our results show that we can have a marked impact on patient's addiction by addressing it during their hospitalization. (boston.com)
  • Hospitalization records detailing patient's place of residence (PoR) can be utilized to better understand a hospital's case load and strengthen surveillance among mobile populations. (nih.gov)
  • If either clinician identified a hospitalization as potentially avoidable, the patient's records underwent a second examination by a committee of four clinicians. (medpagetoday.com)
  • or to prevent relapse, hospitalization, or incarceration. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wendy Williams has had a tumultuous week - between her reported hospitalization due to an alcohol relapse and her husband of 21 years Kevin Hunter 's alleged mistress reportedly welcoming a baby - but she proved she is doing her best to stay strong. (usmagazine.com)
  • The researchers analyzed and compared the number of cases of salmonella, campylobacteriosis, and giardiasis reported through public health surveillance with the number of hospital admissions for the same infection recorded by the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to establish each infection 's surveillance to hospitalization ratio (SHR) for cities and towns across the state. (redorbit.com)
  • A study from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services found that in 2009, among a sample of those eligible for both Medicare and full Medicaid benefits "26 percent of hospitalizations were potentially avoidable. (forbes.com)
  • Total costs for these potentially avoidable hospitalizations for Medicare-Medicaid enrollees for 2011 have been estimated by CMS to be an estimated $3 billion. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Anthem insurance to offer meals to seniors after hospitalization Some Anthem Medicare Advantage plan will include 10 days worth of meals to keep seniors who have been in the hospital from being readmitted. (indystar.com)
  • Another study notes that about 1.14 million patient-safety incidents occurred among the 37 million hospitalizations in the Medicare population over the years 2000-2002. (wikipedia.org)
  • The review process identified 39 (19%) potentially avoidable hospitalizations. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Authors hoped to identify relationships between physical performance scores, using the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) conducted through PACE, and both all-cause and potentially avoidable hospitalizations. (apta.org)
  • All-cause" hospitalization covered conditions such as heart disease, fractures, and infections, while "potentially avoidable" hospitalizations included incidents such as falls, congestive heart failure, and poor glycemic control. (apta.org)
  • The study's findings come in the wake of a CMS proposal to include potentially avoidable hospitalizations as a quality metric for postacute and long-term care facilities. (apta.org)
  • If a doctor believes that involuntary hospitalization is necessary, the hospital has the right to evaluate your condition, usually for several days, before asking a judge whether ongoing involuntary hospitalization and medications or other treatments are medically warranted and can therefore be administered against your will. (webmd.com)
  • The length of your stay is determined by the staff based on your clinical condition, although insurance companies can independently decide if they no longer believe continued hospitalization is "medically necessary. (webmd.com)
  • The power of the referral is particularly striking because these addicts weren't initially seeking treatment, and were simply offered the opportunity during a medically-necessary hospitalization. (boston.com)
  • In their data analysis for salmonella, for example, the team was able to calculate an average statewide SHR of one hospitalization for every 1.7 cases of the infection reported through the surveillance system. (redorbit.com)
  • Results suggest an increasing trend of listeriosis infection and hospitalization rates in Spain during the study period. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • Studies in North America and Europe have shown that young children are at increased risk of serious complications and hospitalization from influenza infection. (nih.gov)
  • Therefore, we investigated whether hospitalization with childhood infection is associated with adult anthropometric and metabolic outcomes in a large, well-phenotyped longitudinal cohort. (aappublications.org)
  • A total of 1376 subjects from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study, aged 3 to 9 years at baseline (1980), who had lifetime data from birth onward on infection-related hospitalization (IRH) had repeated assessments through childhood and adolescence and at least once in adulthood (age 30-45 years in 2001-2011). (aappublications.org)
  • Childhood infection-related hospitalization was independently associated with adverse adult metabolic variables, which suggests that infections and/or their treatment in childhood may contribute to causal pathways leading to adult cardiometabolic diseases. (aappublications.org)
  • TMZ reports that a dispatcher referred to West's 911 call prior to his hospitalization as a 'psychiatric emergency. (newser.com)
  • When Does a Person Need Psychiatric Hospitalization? (mental-health-matters.com)
  • A study that looked at predicting suicides in U.S. Army soldiers after they are hospitalized for a psychiatric disorder suggests that nearly 53 percent of posthospitalization suicides occurred following the 5 percent of hospitalizations with the highest predicted suicide risk, according to a report in JAMA Psychiatry . (eurekalert.org)
  • There were 53,769 hospitalizations of active duty soldiers from January 2004 through December 2009 with psychiatric admission diagnoses. (eurekalert.org)
  • Researchers found the strongest predictors included sociodemographic factors such as being male, late-age of enlistment, criminal offenses, weapons possession, prior suicidality, aspects of prior psychiatric treatment (such as the number of antidepressant prescriptions filled in 12 months) and disorders diagnosed during the hospitalizations. (eurekalert.org)
  • NEW YORK (AP) - After six weeks of psychiatric treatment at Bellevue Hospital, 18-year-old Emma Koosis was doing well enough not to need hospitalization. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke nearly doubles the risk for hospitalization for an asthma exacerbation in children with asthma, according to the findings of a systematic review and meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • Occupational asthma (OA) can cause persistent symptoms, but populations with OA have not been followed for the development of serious outcomes such as hospitalization. (nih.gov)
  • The study also showed higher rates of hospitalization for neurological illness, skin conditions and cancer. (reuters.com)
  • More than a third of the elderly in our study were less able to care for themselves after being in the hospital than before the illness that caused their hospitalization in the first place," said the study's lead author, Kenneth Covinsky, MD, MPH, staff physician at the SFVAMC and UCSF assistant professor of medicine. (ucsf.edu)
  • More than 50 percent of hospitalizations in the homeless group were for mental illness and substance abuse disorder, perhaps pointing to the impact of the opioid epidemic on these populations, compared with only 20 percent in the non-homeless group. (healthcentral.com)
  • Since July 7, when 375 people were hospitalized statewide, that number has nearly quadrupled to a peak of 1,465 hospitalizations on Oct. 14. (pbs.org)
  • During the heat wave, more than 16,000 additional emergency department (ED) visits and nearly 1,200 additional hospitalizations occurred statewide. (commondreams.org)
  • The statewide hospitalization count had been outpacing the Bay Area, but that changed last week. (mercurynews.com)
  • Hospitalizations in those counties have risen 23% in the past week and account for 71% of the total statewide. (mercurynews.com)
  • It also illustrates the increased burden of disease on the health care system with increased rates of hospitalizations," they write. (medscape.com)
  • The study, published this week in the journal PLOS ONE, looked at hospitalization rates in parts of Pennsylvania from 2007 to 2011 and found them significantly higher in areas with fracking compared to those without. (reuters.com)
  • It is expected that the implementation of this recommendation will lead to additional declines in varicella incidence and hospitalization rates," conclude study researchers led by Adriana S. Lopez, MHS, of the CDC, in Atlanta. (webmd.com)
  • Rates of hospitalization from chickenpox decreased by 71% during this time period. (webmd.com)
  • Hospitalization rates remained highest among children younger than 4, but even these numbers were 72% lower than they were during the pre-vaccination era of 1988 to 1995. (webmd.com)
  • As Texas hospitalization rates hit record highs, beds in Houston hospitals are filling up. (msnbc.com)
  • The hospitalization rates before and after implementation of the EBG were compared. (aappublications.org)
  • To control for secular trends, hospitalization rates for anaphylaxis at 34 US children's hospitals were analyzed over the study period. (aappublications.org)
  • The Effect of CSB Services on Hospitalization Rates ," Working Papers 2009-01, Center for Economic and Policy Studies. (repec.org)
  • Liu's study is the first to examine the disease's hospitalization rates over the last 27 years and is the initial portion of a serial report on heart failure epidemiology in the United States. (news-medical.net)
  • This study broke the data down into three age groups: 65, 75 and 85 or older by gender, and then estimated statistically the hospitalization rates with census population data in terms of gender and time periods. (news-medical.net)
  • For men, rates rose from 16.57 hospitalizations per 1,000 members of the population in 1980 to 22.87 in 2006. (news-medical.net)
  • The study also showed that, among the three major forms of cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and stroke have shown decreases in hospitalization rates since the mid-1980s. (news-medical.net)
  • However, heart failure has shown a continuously significant increase in hospitalization rates since 1980. (news-medical.net)
  • Researchers found that lower SPPB scores were associated with higher rates of hospitalization. (apta.org)
  • What is the impact of chickenpox immunization on hospitalization rates and charges associated with chickenpox in the United States? (immunizationinfo.org)
  • They then compared trends in rates of hospitalization with trends in immunization against chickenpox, using data from the National Immunization Survey for the years 1996-2001-chickenpox immunization rates were first measured in 1996. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • Hospitalization rates declined mostly among children for whom the vaccine is recommended-children 0 to 4 years of age-but decreased also among older children and adults. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • We conclude that subjects with OA suffer higher rates of hospitalizations for all causes combined, respiratory disease, and asthma than other workers, although less than among AP seen at a tertiary care center. (nih.gov)
  • Hospitalization rates are considered key in calculating the arc of the coronavirus. (lohud.com)
  • Because hospitalization rates are just now being reported, it is not clear whether rates are going up, down, or staying the same. (lohud.com)
  • This twofold difference in hospitalization risk is clinically important because hospitalizations for asthma have been linked with increased mortality and poorer disease control, the authors note in an article published online September 24 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology . (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: Asthma: Secondhand Smoke Doubles Kids' Hospitalization Risk - Medscape - Sep 24, 2015. (medscape.com)
  • We showed that, on average, risk of hospitalization increases gradually as BMI increases, starting with people in the overweight range. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • While our study did not look at the effectiveness of diet and exercise directly, our findings do suggest that if you are overweight or obese and are able to lower your weight through a healthy diet and exercise, this is likely to reduce your risk of health problems and hospitalization. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • Drinking in moderation may reduce the risk of hospitalization. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • An international team of researchers led by Simona Costanzo, from the Department of Epidemiology and Prevention at the Institute for Research, Hospitalization, and Health Care (IRCCS) Neuromed in Pozzilli, Italy, set out to examine the link between alcohol consumption and the risk of being hospitalized. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • On the other hand, those who drink in moderation present a lower risk of hospitalization for all causes and for cardiovascular diseases compared to lifetime abstainers and former drinkers. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Why is it important that new methods are developed to predict the risk of cirrhosis-associated hospitalization? (news-medical.net)
  • We therefore concluded that microbiome analysis adds significantly to our current clinical models in predicting the risk of cirrhosis-associated hospitalizations. (news-medical.net)
  • Do you think that microbiome analysis will be routinely used in healthcare to assess the risk of cirrhosis-associated hospitalization? (news-medical.net)
  • Do you think that microbiome analysis could be used to predict the risk of hospitalization for other chronic conditions? (news-medical.net)
  • Most community-dwelling older adults with dementia have multiple other chronic diseases, which are linked to increased risk of hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits, a new retrospective study has concluded. (eurekalert.org)
  • Their analysis showed that as multimorbidity increased, risk of hospitalizations and ED visits also went up. (eurekalert.org)
  • A total of 52.9 percent of the posthospitalization suicides occurred after the 5 percent of hospitalizations with the highest predicted suicide risk (3824.1 suicides per 100,000 person-years), according to the study. (eurekalert.org)
  • From PTJ: Could Impaired Physical Performance Predict Hospitalization Risk? (apta.org)
  • Routine assessments of mobility level by a physical therapist (PT) can help better identify older adults at highest risk for hospitalization, according to a new study in the January issue of PTJ ( Physical Therapy ). (apta.org)
  • While having a greater number of chronic conditions also predicted hospitalization, impaired mobility was a significant and independent risk factor for hospitalization, according to the study. (apta.org)
  • that a heavy consumption of alcohol is associated with a higher probability of hospitalization, especially for cancer and alcohol-related diseases. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • We then applied cluster detection tools to identify counties that have a higher probability of hospitalization for each of the twelve adult ambulatory care sensitive conditions, using a multivariate approach that incorporated the correlation structure among the ambulatory care sensitive conditions into the model. (mendeley.com)
  • At this point, we suspect that residents are exposed to many toxicants, noise and social stressors due to hydraulic fracturing near their homes and this may add to the increased number of hospitalizations," Reynold Panettieri, one of the study's authors, said in a press release. (reuters.com)
  • Specifically, the researchers looked at the link between all-cause hospitalizations and cause-specific hospitalizations among 20,682 people. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Nearly 5,700 listeriosis-related hospitalizations occurred in Spain in less than 20 years, according to researchers. (foodsafetynews.com)
  • For the study, researchers analyzed more than 1,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 at a large Northern California-based health care system from Jan. 1 through April 8 and found that African Americans had 2.7 times the odds of hospitalization for COVID-19 as their non-Hispanic white counterparts. (aarp.org)
  • In this study, researchers analyzed hospitalizations related to chickenpox and their hospital charges from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, the largest publicly available all-payer inpatient database in the United States, for the years 1993-2001. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • Contra Costa County was set to allow in-person dining, bars and gyms to reopen this week but put those plans on hold amid rising cases and hospitalizations. (mercurynews.com)
  • The data on hospitalizations is very important in relation to the impact of alcohol on public health," she says. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Comparing hospitalization records with data reported to local boards of health presents a more accurate way to monitor how well communities track disease outbreaks, according to a paper published April 16 in the journal PLOS ONE by a research team led by Elena Naumova, Ph.D., professor of civil and environmental engineering and associate dean at Tufts University School of Engineering. (redorbit.com)
  • The note blamed "challenges entering data" to the portal used by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for collecting daily hospitalizations around the country. (pbs.org)
  • It wasn't immediately clear on Friday how many states are impacted since some states rely on their own hospitalization counts, not HHS data collection. (pbs.org)
  • In Missouri, the loss of accurate hospitalization data comes as confirmed cases continue to rise. (pbs.org)
  • Using health care data from South Carolina, we show an application of spatial structural equation modeling to identify how these latent constructs are associated with access to primary health care, as measured by hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. (mendeley.com)
  • The IHME admitted in an update accompanying the release that the dramatic drop in projected peak hospitalization resources required was the result of the inclusion of three days of actual hospitalization data from April 10-12 that was remarkably different from the projections for those days released just three days earlier on Friday, April 10. (breitbart.com)
  • Although studies like this one cannot establish a causal association , the data imply that there is a strong temporal association between increasing chickenpox vaccine use and declining hospitalizations related to chickenpox. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • The file was matched with the Ontario Ministry of Health data base of hospitalizations through 1996. (nih.gov)
  • Gov. Andrew Cuomo on Thursday lauded a slowing in hospitalizations across the state. (lohud.com)
  • The most common cause of cirrhosis-associated hospitalizations are complications such as fluid accumulation in the belly (ascites), confusion (hepatic encephalopathy), infections and problems with kidney function. (news-medical.net)
  • It doesn't take artificial intelligence to tell you that a preventable hospitalization is not good. (forbes.com)
  • A preventable hospitalization is by definition one that could have been prevented. (forbes.com)
  • Where artificial intelligence may be helpful is in reducing such preventable hospitalizations, and Clover Health is an example of a company aiming to do this. (forbes.com)
  • Why are these potentially preventable hospitalizations occurring? (forbes.com)
  • Plus, a hospitalization may expose a patient to potential badness such as hospital food, being separated from friends and family, medication errors, and antibiotic-resistant bacteria. (forbes.com)
  • In 33 of the 39 cases, reviewers determined that the hospital admission could have been prevented by different management in the 30 days before hospitalization. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Becker said Bush's hospitalization was kept quiet "out of respect for him," but confirmed for the Chronicle that the hospital admitted Bush the day after Thanksgiving. (ibtimes.com)
  • Bush had previously made several visits to the hospital in the weeks leading to his hospitalization. (ibtimes.com)
  • Authors of the study note that despite the emphasis on avoidable hospitalizations, there has been little research that looks at the relationship between impaired physical performance and a later hospital visit. (apta.org)
  • The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) released an update of its coronavirus model on Monday that dropped peak hospitalization projections for the United States by 34 percent in three days, from 86,479 total hospital beds needed to 56,831 total hospital beds needed. (breitbart.com)
  • Taken together, these findings suggest that oncologists perceive that a substantial number of hospitalizations are potentially avoidable, particularly near the end of life," the authors concluded. (medpagetoday.com)
  • A. " Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations for Selected Nonfatal Injuries Among Adults Aged ≥65 Years - United States, 2018 ," by Briana Moreland and Robin Lee ( Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report , Vol. 70, No. 18, May 7, 2021, HTML and .pdf format, p. 661-666). (wisc.edu)
  • Among this population, hospitalizations are on the rise, according to a December 2018 study in Medical Care . (healthcentral.com)
  • Emergency room visits and hospitalizations are common but extremely stressful to nursing home residents -- many of whom are physically frail and/or cognitively impaired -- and to their families. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The dataset included information on whether each patient had any of 16 common chronic conditions, the continuity of any care they received from physicians--based on the number of clinicians seen over the previous two years--and the timing of hospitalizations and ED visits. (eurekalert.org)
  • The 2006 California Heat Wave: Impacts on Hospitalizations and Emergency Department Visits," describes the enormous health impacts of California's severe heat wave in 2006. (commondreams.org)
  • The Los Angeles region experienced 5,500 additional ED visits and 200 additional hospitalizations. (commondreams.org)
  • ED visits for heat-related illnesses increased seven-fold in the Central Valley region (including Sacramento) and heat-related hospitalizations increased 17-fold. (commondreams.org)
  • Among the OA claimants, factors that were significantly associated with hospitalization for asthma included older age and exposure to agents other than isocyanates. (nih.gov)
  • Many people with depression may need hospitalization because they feel suicidal or unable to take care of themselves day-to-day. (webmd.com)
  • The perhaps unintended consequence of the hospice advice was one of three factors significantly associated with potentially avoidable hospitalization. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The treatment of these underlying diseases could potentially prevent the development of cirrhosis and subsequent hospitalizations, but they remain undetected for many years, the cirrhosis itself may be the main driving force behind these complications. (news-medical.net)
  • The trial will determine if the short-term use of colchicine will reduce the rate of hospitalizations, lung complications and death related to COVID-19. (ibtimes.com)
  • Hospitalizations for chickenpox and its complications in the United States have declined significantly as have hospitals costs since the introduction of chickenpox vaccine in 1996. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • Québec and Canadian immigration law requires non-Canadian students to have valid health and hospitalization insurance for the duration of their stay in Canada. (ulaval.ca)
  • As soon as they register, all international students are automatically covered by mandatory health and hospitalization insurance. (ulaval.ca)
  • A spokeswoman for the Wisconsin Department of Health Services said the state's reporting was accurate, with the number of hospitalizations holding steady for one day, Wednesday, before rising again on Thursday. (pbs.org)
  • The OPTIMISTIC study, an innovative initiative developed by research-clinicians from Indiana University and the Regenstrief Institute to improve health care, reduce avoidable hospitalizations and increase access to palliative care, is now underway in 19 nursing facilities throughout Central Indiana. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Any health insurance worth its monthly premium covers hospitalizations at some level. (indystar.com)
  • In this article, we aim to review the trends in epidemiology, hospitalization, and cost of AF along with its future implications on public health. (mendeley.com)
  • Alberta Hospitalization Benefits describes health law for the province of Alberta, Canada. (wikipedia.org)
  • GREENBELT, Md. (AP) - A federal judge has extended the court-ordered hospitalization of a Maryland man deemed mentally unfit for trial on charges he planned an Islamic State-inspired attack at a shopping and entertainment complex near Washington, D.C. (ap.org)
  • They also say that further study is needed to determine if hospitalization-related decline can be prevented. (ucsf.edu)
  • Coincident with the decline of these hospitalizations, immunization coverage was increasing. (immunizationinfo.org)
  • For example, among older California residents, a more than 14-fold increase in the number of heat-related hospitalizations occurred. (commondreams.org)
  • The Central California counties of San Joaquin, Kern and Fresno have seen their hospitalizations rise 58% in the past week and overtake every county in the Bay Area. (mercurynews.com)