Hospital Information Systems: Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.Radiology Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of radiology services and facilities.Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Computer Systems: Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.Medical Records Systems, Computerized: Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.Radiology Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration and provision of x-ray diagnostic and therapeutic services.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Clinical Laboratory Information Systems: Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative and clinical activities associated with the provision and utilization of clinical laboratory services.Teleradiology: The electronic transmission of radiological images from one location to another for the purposes of interpretation and/or consultation. Users in different locations may simultaneously view images with greater access to secondary consultations and improved continuing education. (From American College of Radiology, ACR Standard for Teleradiology, 1994, p3)Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Medical Secretaries: Individuals responsible for various duties pertaining to the medical office routine.Office Automation: Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.UtahMicrocomputers: Small computers using LSI (large-scale integration) microprocessor chips as the CPU (central processing unit) and semiconductor memories for compact, inexpensive storage of program instructions and data. They are smaller and less expensive than minicomputers and are usually built into a dedicated system where they are optimized for a particular application. "Microprocessor" may refer to just the CPU or the entire microcomputer.TokyoAttitude to Computers: The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.Hospitals, University: Hospitals maintained by a university for the teaching of medical students, postgraduate training programs, and clinical research.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Software Design: Specifications and instructions applied to the software.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Diagnostic Imaging: Any visual display of structural or functional patterns of organs or tissues for diagnostic evaluation. It includes measuring physiologic and metabolic responses to physical and chemical stimuli, as well as ultramicroscopy.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Geographic Information Systems: Computer systems capable of assembling, storing, manipulating, and displaying geographically referenced information, i.e. data identified according to their locations.BrazilDatabases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Hospitalization: The confinement of a patient in a hospital.Management Information Systems: Systems designed to provide information primarily concerned with the administrative functions associated with the provision and utilization of services; also includes program planning, etc.Hospitals, Pediatric: Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.Radiology: A specialty concerned with the use of x-ray and other forms of radiant energy in the diagnosis and treatment of disease.Decision Support Systems, Clinical: Computer-based information systems used to integrate clinical and patient information and provide support for decision-making in patient care.Health Information Systems: A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html., Teaching: Hospitals engaged in educational and research programs, as well as providing medical care to the patients.Costs and Cost Analysis: Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.Cost Control: The containment, regulation, or restraint of costs. Costs are said to be contained when the value of resources committed to an activity is not considered excessive. This determination is frequently subjective and dependent upon the specific geographic area of the activity being measured. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Health Care Costs: The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.Medical Laboratory Science: The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.Technology, High-Cost: Advanced technology that is costly, requires highly skilled personnel, and is unique in its particular application. Includes innovative, specialized medical/surgical procedures as well as advanced diagnostic and therapeutic equipment.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Nursing Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers applied to the field of nursing.New York CityMedical Records: Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.New YorkMedical Records Department, Hospital: Hospital department responsible for the creating, care, storage and retrieval of medical records. It also provides statistical information for the medical and administrative staff.Risk Management: The process of minimizing risk to an organization by developing systems to identify and analyze potential hazards to prevent accidents, injuries, and other adverse occurrences, and by attempting to handle events and incidents which do occur in such a manner that their effect and cost are minimized. Effective risk management has its greatest benefits in application to insurance in order to avert or minimize financial liability. (From Slee & Slee: Health care terms, 2d ed)Clinical Laboratory Services: Organized services provided by MEDICAL LABORATORY PERSONNEL for the purpose of carrying out CLINICAL LABORATORY TECHNIQUES used for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.Health Facility Administration: Management of the organization of HEALTH FACILITIES.Decision Support Systems, Management: Computer-based systems that enable management to interrogate the computer on an ad hoc basis for various kinds of information in the organization, which predict the effect of potential decisions.Respiratory Therapy Department, Hospital: Hospital department which is responsible for the administration of diagnostic pulmonary function tests and of procedures to restore optimum pulmonary ventilation.Hospital Administration: Management of the internal organization of the hospital.Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Hospital Administrators: Managerial personnel responsible for implementing policy and directing the activities of hospitals.

Comparative hospital databases: value for management and quality. (1/864)

OBJECTIVES: To establish an accurate and reliable comparative database of discharge abstracts and to appraise its value for assessments of quality of care. DESIGN: Retrospective review of case notes by trained research abstractors and comparison with matched information as routinely collected by the hospitals' own information systems. SETTING: Three district general hospitals and two major London teaching hospitals. PATIENTS: The database included 3905 medical and surgical cases and 2082 obstetric cases from 1990 and 1991. MAIN MEASURES: Accessibility of case notes; measures of reliability between reviewers and of validity of case note content; application of high level quality indicators. RESULTS: The existing hospital systems extracted insufficient detail from case notes to conduct clinical comparative analyses for medical and surgical cases. The research abstractors at least doubled the diagnostic codes extracted. Interabstractor agreement of about 70% was obtained for primary diagnosis and assignment to diagnosis related group. These data were sufficient to create a comparative database and apply high level quality indicators designed to flag topics for further study. For obstetric-specific indicators the rates were comparable for abstractors and the hospital information systems, which in each case was a departmentally based system (SMMIS) producing more detailed and accessible data. CONCLUSIONS: Current methods of extracting and coding diagnostic and procedural data from case notes in this sample of hospitals is unsatisfactory: notes were difficult to access and recording is unacceptably incomplete. IMPLICATIONS: Improvements as piloted in this project, are readily available should the NHS, hospital managers, and clinicians see the value of these data in their clinical and managerial activities.  (+info)

Using a multidisciplinary automated discharge summary process to improve information management across the system. (2/864)

We developed and implemented an automated discharge summary process in a regional integrated managed health system. This multidisciplinary effort was initiated to correct deficits in patients' medical record documentation involving discharge instructions, follow-up care, discharge medications, and patient education. The results of our team effort included an automated summary that compiles data entered via computer pathways during a patient's hospitalization. All information regarding admission medications, patient education, follow-up care, referral at discharge activities, diagnosis, and other pertinent medical events are formulated into the discharge summary, discharge orders, patient discharge instructions, and transfer information as applicable. This communication process has tremendously enhanced information management across the system and helps us maintain complete and thorough documentation in patient records.  (+info)

Continuous quality improvement decreases length of stay and adverse events: a case study in an interventional cardiology program. (3/864)

A study was performed to assess the effectiveness of continuous quality improvement in achieving a better quality of care for patients undergoing coronary interventions. Increasing utilization of new coronary interventional devices has incurred a higher incidence of complications, prolonged hospital stay, and related costs. Using a clinical information system, we adopted continuous quality improvement to control the incidence of complications and postprocedural length of stay. Multiple regression analysis and a matched case-control study were performed to detect complications related to postprocedural length of stay and their causes among 342 patients. The results led to the modification of the postprocedural heparin anticoagulation protocol, which was followed by the introduction of a ticlopidine-based poststent anticoagulation regimen. Two sequential groups of patients (n = 261, n = 266) were selected to compare postprocedural length of stay and frequency of complications with those for the first group. Adjustments were made for patients and procedural characteristics through stratification and multiple regression methods. Blood transfusion was the most important predictor of prolonged hospital stay (partial R2 = 0.26, P < 0.01). A high level of postprocedural anticoagulation and intracoronary stent use were significantly associated with blood transfusion (P = 0.01, P = 0.02, respectively). The comparison among the three groups showed that heparin protocol change reduced only postprocedural length of stay (P < 0.001) for patients without stents, whereas the stent change in anticoagulation protocol significantly reduced both transfusion and hospital stay for patients with stents (P < 0.001, P < 0.05, respectively). Continuous quality improvement based on clinical information is promising to control both complications and hospital costs. Physician involvement is necessary throughout the process.  (+info)

The determination of relevant goals and criteria used to select an automated patient care information system: a Delphi approach. (4/864)

OBJECTIVES: To determine the relevant weighted goals and criteria for use in the selection of an automated patient care information system (PCIS) using a modified Delphi technique to achieve consensus. DESIGN: A three-phase, six-round modified Delphi process was implemented by a ten-member PCIS selection task force. The first phase consisted of an exploratory round. It was followed by the second phase, of two rounds, to determine the selection goals and finally the third phase, of three rounds, to finalize the selection criteria. RESULTS: Consensus on the goals and criteria for selecting a PCIS was measured during the Delphi process by reviewing the mean and standard deviation of the previous round's responses. After the study was completed, the results were analyzed using a limits-of-agreement indicator that showed strong agreement of each individual's responses between each of the goal determination rounds. Further analysis for variability in the group's response showed a significant movement to consensus after the first goal-determination iteration, with consensus reached on all goals by the end of the second iteration. CONCLUSION: The results indicated that the relevant weighted goals and criteria used to make the final decision for an automated PCIS were developed as a result of strong agreement among members of the PCIS selection task force. It is therefore recognized that the use of the Delphi process was beneficial in achieving consensus among clinical and nonclinical members in a relatively short time while avoiding a decision based on political biases and the "groupthink" of traditional committee meetings. The results suggest that improvements could be made in lessening the number of rounds by having information available through side conversations, by having other statistical indicators besides the mean and standard deviation available between rounds, and by having a content expert address questions between rounds.  (+info)

Great earthquakes and medical information systems, with special reference to telecommunications. (5/864)

The Hanshin-Awaji earthquake in January 1995 caused the greatest number of deaths and injuries in Japan since World War II. Various weaknesses of modern information systems were exposed during and after the earthquake. The authors carried out a questionnaire survey to investigate the current state of hospital information and to examine the kinds of information needed immediately after an earthquake. The survey results show that information about the ability to admit new patients and the availability of medical supplies is necessary immediately after such a disaster. These results will be useful for planning countermeasures against this kind of disaster.  (+info)

Bacterial resistance to ciprofloxacin in Greece: results from the National Electronic Surveillance System. Greek Network for the Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance. (6/864)

According to 1997 susceptibility data from the National Electronic System for the Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance, Greece has high rates of ciprofloxacin resistance. For most species, the frequency of ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (from highest to lowest, by patient setting) was as follows: intensive care unit > surgical > medical > outpatient. Most ciprofloxacin-resistant strains were multidrug resistant.  (+info)

Challenges associated with the incorporation of digital radiography into a picture archival and communication system. (7/864)

Digital radiography (DR) has recently emerged as an attractive alternative to computed radiography (CR) for the acquisition of general radiographic studies in a digital environment. It offers the possibility of improved spatial and contrast resolution, decreased radiation dose due to improved efficiency of detection of x-ray photons, and perhaps most importantly, holds out the promise of increased technologist productivity. To achieve maximum efficiency, DR must be completely integrated into existing information systems, including the hospital and radiology information systems (HIS/RIS) and, when present, the picture archival and communication system (PACS). The early experience with the integration of DR at the Baltimore Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) has identified several challenges that exist to the successful integration of DR. DR has only recently been defined as a separate Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) modality and images obtained will, at first, be listed under the category of CR. Matrix sizes with some DR products on the market exceed the current size limitations of some PACS. The patient throughput may be substantially greater with DR than with CR, and this in combination with the larger size of image files may result in greater demands for network and computer performance in the process of communication with the HIS/RIS and PACS. Additionally, in a hybrid department using both CR and DR, new rules must be defined for prefetching and display of general radiographic studies to permit these examinations to be retrieved and compared together. Advanced features that are planned for DR systems, such as dual-energy subtraction, tomosynthesis, and temporal subtraction, will likely require additional workstation tools beyond those currently available for CR.  (+info)

Process reengineering: the role of a planning methodology and picture archiving and communications system team building. (8/864)

The acquisition of a picture archiving and communications system (PACS) is an opportunity to reengineer business practices and should optimally consider the entire process from image acquisition to communication of results. The purpose of this presentation is to describe the PACS planning methodology used by the Department of Defense (DOD) Joint Imaging Technology Project Office (JITPO), outline the critical procedures for each phase, and review the military experience using this model. The methodology is segmented into four phases: strategic planning, clinical scenario planning, installation planning, and implementation planning. Each is further subdivided based on the specific tasks that need to be accomplished within that phase. By using this method, an institution will have clearly defined program goals, objectives, and PACS requirements before vendors are contacted. The development of an institution-specific PACS requirement should direct the process of proposal comparisons to be based on functionality and exclude unnecessary equipment. This PACS planning methodology is being used at more than eight DOD medical treatment facilities. When properly executed, this methodology facilitates a seamless transition to the electronic environment and contributes to the successful integration of the healthcare enterprise. A crucial component of this methodology is the development of a local PACS planning team to manage all aspects of the process. A plan formulated by the local team is based on input from each department that will be integrating with the PACS. Involving all users in the planning process is paramount for successful implementation.  (+info)

  • At the application level, declining costs are associated with the adoption of some of the newest technologies, including systems designed for cost management, the administration of managed care contracts, and for both financial and clinical decision support. (
  • In this decade, competition and consolidation drove healthcare, along with the need to integrate hospitals, providers, and managed care. (
  • OnBase by Hyland is a single enterprise information platform for managing content, processes and cases. (
  • This is an overview of how to design a hospital information system highlighting the fact that implementing an IT system invariably means a dramatic change in the way the various business processes are run. (
  • ng phase, one should undertake an as-is study exercise to perform a comprehensive impact analysis of all business processes in order to identify the ones that will be affected by having the new system in place and the way this will occur. (
  • The various business processes that exist, the stakeholders involved and the systems / applications currently being used within the establishment that would be affected, albeit to varying degrees. (
  • Hospitals generate a wealth of data round the clock, 365 days a year, all of which needs to be well managed to ensure efficient functioning. (
  • Generally, the system should be safe and secure from a data management point-of-view. (
  • Highly sensitive data is handled by such systems and hence the comfort-level related to privacy and safety issues need to be addressed aggressively. (
  • Can't I just rely on the reporting capabilities of my transaction systems to get the data my organization needs? (
  • A hospital information system comprises a data processing system including a plurality of terminals having display means and data entry means. (
  • The system provides a time-oriented task list, which is automatically generated from data which has been entered from physicians' and nursing orders. (
  • This invention relates generally to automated hospital information systems, and, in particular, to a hospital information system in which a time-oriented task list is automatically generated from data which has been entered from physicians' and nursing orders, and in which tasks may be charted by a system user directly from the task list with automatic updating of the associated form(s). (
  • Measuring the cost impact of hospital information systems: 1987-1994 ," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2002-42, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S. (
  • The system should ensure efficient flow of information that provides interdepartmental support to the establishment, functional and process integration, be adaptable and flexible from a user perspective, and last, but not the least, be standards-based to ensure interoperability in terms of syntactic, semantic and process. (
  • The association of cost declines with lagged IT as well as the cost patterns at the less automated hospitals both provide evidence of learning effects. (
  • Additionally, the American Hospital Association (AHA) endorsed OnBase for its eleventh consecutive year, selecting it for its demonstrated success in healthcare and long-term viability for hospitals. (
  • Using a proprietary eight-year panel dataset (1987-1994) that catalogues application-level automation for the complete census of the 3,000 U.S. hospitals with more than 100 beds, this study finds that both financial/administrative and clinical IT systems at the most thoroughly automated hospitals are associated with declining costs three and five years after adoption. (
  • LENEXA, KS November 4, 2008 - Mediware Information Systems, Inc . ( Nasdaq: MEDW ) announced that the Hospital for Special Surgery has licensed BiologiCare™, the Company's latest product focused on the safe and efficient management of bones, tissues and other biologic products used in surgeries and other patient therapies. (
  • First, CMS has made numerous technical corrections to the FY 2018 inpatient prospective payment systems (IPPS) and long term care. (
  • CMS has published its final rule to update the Medicare acute hospital inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS) and long-term care hospital (LTCH) prospective payment system (PPS) for fiscal year (FY) 2018. (
  • According to Burke's CIO Cathy Dwyer, "As we moved through the transition process, it became more and more apparent that we needed to move to an automated centralized scheduling system to help us maximize the patient's time throughout the day and ultimately enhance patient outcomes. (
  • As evolving payment models continued to demand a stronger focus on performance outcomes, the 3M 360 Encompass System evolved to include robust quality metrics reporting and enhanced team collaboration across the organization. (
  • To use statistical process control charts to monitor in-hospital outcomes at the hospital level for a wide range of procedures and diagnoses. (
  • Clinical informaticians, also known as clinical informaticists, transform health care by analyzing, designing, implementing, and evaluating information and communication systems that enhance individual and population health outcomes, improve [patient] care, and strengthen the clinician-patient relationship. (
  • MIS was featured on the HEC (Health-Exploring Complexity: An Interdisciplinary Systems Approach) by Oliver Heinze, Peter Pensold, Björn Schreiweis and Nicolas Weiss with different presentations and workshop content from 28th August to 2nd September 2016. (
  • The Global Hospital Information Systems Market is Forecast to Exceed $18 Billion in 2016 PR Log (Press Release) - May 31, 2010 - The global Hospital Information Systems (HIS) market was valued at $7.8 billion in 2009 and is forecast to reach $18 billion in 2016 after growing at Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13% from 2009. (
  • In 2016, North America was observed to be the largest healthcare information system market due to strong demand for quality diagnostics and initiatives undertaken by governments in the region. (
  • The National Cancer Control Programme is delighted to announce the launch of the National Cancer Information System (NCIS) which took place at St. Luke's Hospital, Rathgar on November 21st 2019. (
  • NCIS went live at St Luke's Hospital Rathgar, on Monday 13th May 2019. (
  • TORONTO, ON (May 30, 2019) - Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre and Evident, a member of the CPSI (NASDAQ: CPSI) family of companies and a leading provider of electronic health record (EHR) systems and services, today announced the execution of a letter of intent to further their existing partnership by leveraging key digital assets of both organizations. (
  • On February 13, 2019, CMS is holding a public Town Hall meeting to discuss requests for add-on payments for new medical technologies under the Medicare hospital inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS). (
  • Transformation of emergency department processes of care with EHR, CPOE, and ER event tracking systems. (
  • Having established a well accepted web-based drug information system (AiD Klinik ) [ Ref. in our 1,650-bed university hospital, which currently answers ~50,000 requests every month, we aimed to upgrade the system with CPOE/CDS and to quantify its performance and benefit for the user. (
  • Using a proprietary eight-year panel dataset (1987-1994) that catalogues application-level automation for the complete census of the 3,000 U.S. hospitals with more than 100 beds, this study finds that both financial/administrative and clinical IT systems at the most thoroughly automated hospitals are associated with declining costs three and five years after adoption. (
  • Continued growth and momentum in 2012 enabled Paragon to add 50 new hospitals, 20 of which were over 200 beds. (
  • The NCIS project is led by the National Cancer Control Programme in conjunction with the HSE Office of the Chief Information Officer (OoCIO) and the HSE Acute Operations Division, in response to requirements identified by Medical Oncology Consultants and other health professionals delivering cancer care services. (
  • The Ambulatory Systems staff works collaboratively with providers, managers, and operational staff to assist them in the use of Ambulatory Applications. (
  • The significance of quality of information in increasing the quality of healthcare and decreasing the cost of healthcare was determined. (
  • At Hospital Selayang, Malaysia, I was Chairman of the Clinical Advisory Committee, the Clinical-IT Coordinator and Quality Coordinator, for close to 10 years. (
  • The AAMC creates and distributes quarterly quality reports to all Council of Teaching Hospitals and Health Systems (COTH) members displaying institutional performance, along with COTH and National benchmarks, on national quality measures. (
  • and iv) as a lens to examine variability in health system performance and possibly as a measure of health system quality in its own right. (
  • It can support countries' efforts to transition to higher quality health systems in LMIC enabling national and local advocacy, accountability and action. (
  • More importantly, this project also revealed that such a system improves the prescription quality already in its first months of use as shown by the substantial decrease of prescribed combinations with serious drug interaction potential. (
  • On August 19th, the US Food and Drug Administration issued a guidance for industry and FDA staff titled The Mammography Quality Standards Act Final Regulations Modifications and Additions to Policy Guidance Help System #6. (
  • In July 2003, a new and final version of the quality system standard ANSI/AAMI/ISO 13485:2003 was completed by the international medical device community and is now available to medical device manufacturers. (
  • The requirements complement those of the US Food and Drug Administration Quality System Regulation and do not directly reference ISO 9001 as did the previous version. (
  • This means that medical device manufacturers should not need to establish two different quality systems. (
  • This indicated a significant difference in overall score of service quality in these two systems. (
  • This review (the first of two) focuses on how, over 30 years, incentives led to enthusiastic adoption of computing by general practitioners but widespread alienation of hospital doctors. (
  • Despite the many positive effects IT systems can have the IT adoption rate in healthcare varies strongly between medical specialties [ 3 ], types of organisations [ 1 , 4 , 5 ] and countries. (
  • In contrast, multi-national and bi-national studies on IT prevalence reveal factors influencing IT adoption that are associated with characteristics of the countries and their healthcare system (macro-level). (
  • A mathematical model of the human external respiratory system. (
  • The system should ensure efficient flow of information that provides interdepartmental support to the establishment, functional and process integration, be adaptable and flexible from a user perspective, and last, but not the least, be standards-based to ensure interoperability in terms of syntactic, semantic and process. (
  • We finally provide a decision support system to help practitioners analyse the current order set configuration, the results of the mathematical program and the heuristic approach. (
  • We hypothesized that investment in the human resources that support information technologies, such as the size of a hospital's IT staff, would be associated with more usable clinical information systems. (
  • Executive Support System . (
  • The Board is committed towards operating and maintaining a sound system of internal control and recognizes that the system must continuously evolve to support the type of business and size of operations of the Group. (
  • To reflect the requirements of the varied interests of medical staff, consumers, and institutions, the establishment of political support is essential to create suitable hospital ISMS. (