Therapeutic use of hormones to alleviate the effects of hormone deficiency.
The use of hormonal agents with estrogen-like activity in postmenopausal or other estrogen-deficient women to alleviate effects of hormone deficiency, such as vasomotor symptoms, DYSPAREUNIA, and progressive development of OSTEOPOROSIS. This may also include the use of progestational agents in combination therapy.
The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.
Compounds that interact with PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of PROGESTERONE. Primary actions of progestins, including natural and synthetic steroids, are on the UTERUS and the MAMMARY GLAND in preparation for and in maintenance of PREGNANCY.
The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.
A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of PROGESTERONE but functioning as a more potent inhibitor of ovulation. It has weak estrogenic and androgenic properties. The hormone has been used in treating amenorrhea, functional uterine bleeding, endometriosis, and for contraception.
Physiologic period, characterized by endocrine, somatic, and psychic changes with the termination of ovarian function in the female. It may also accompany the normal diminution of sexual activity in the male.
Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.
Procedures which temporarily or permanently remedy insufficient cleansing of body fluids by the kidneys.
A synthetic progestin that is derived from 17-hydroxyprogesterone. It is a long-acting contraceptive that is effective both orally or by intramuscular injection and has also been used to treat breast and endometrial neoplasms.
A pharmaceutical preparation containing a mixture of water-soluble, conjugated estrogens derived wholly or in part from URINE of pregnant mares or synthetically from ESTRONE and EQUILIN. It contains a sodium-salt mixture of estrone sulfate (52-62%) and equilin sulfate (22-30%) with a total of the two between 80-88%. Other concomitant conjugates include 17-alpha-dihydroequilin, 17-alpha-estradiol, and 17-beta-dihydroequilin. The potency of the preparation is expressed in terms of an equivalent quantity of sodium estrone sulfate.
Pregnenes with one double bond or more than three double bonds which have undergone ring contractions or are lacking carbon-18 or carbon-19..
Therapeutic replacement or supplementation of defective or missing enzymes to alleviate the effects of enzyme deficiency (e.g., GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE replacement for GAUCHER DISEASE).
The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.
The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.
Steroidal compounds related to PROGESTERONE, the major mammalian progestational hormone. Progesterone congeners include important progesterone precursors in the biosynthetic pathways, metabolites, derivatives, and synthetic steroids with progestational activities.
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
Chemical substances having a specific regulatory effect on the activity of a certain organ or organs. The term was originally applied to substances secreted by various ENDOCRINE GLANDS and transported in the bloodstream to the target organs. It is sometimes extended to include those substances that are not produced by the endocrine glands but that have similar effects.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Steroid hormones produced by the GONADS. They stimulate reproductive organs, germ cell maturation, and the secondary sex characteristics in the males and the females. The major sex steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; and TESTOSTERONE.
A 191-amino acid polypeptide hormone secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR), also known as GH or somatotropin. Synthetic growth hormone, termed somatropin, has replaced the natural form in therapeutic usage such as treatment of dwarfism in children with growth hormone deficiency.
Excision of the uterus.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Diminution or cessation of secretion of one or more hormones from the anterior pituitary gland (including LH; FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE; SOMATOTROPIN; and CORTICOTROPIN). This may result from surgical or radiation ablation, non-secretory PITUITARY NEOPLASMS, metastatic tumors, infarction, PITUITARY APOPLEXY, infiltrative or granulomatous processes, and other conditions.
A syndrome that results from abnormally low secretion of THYROID HORMONES from the THYROID GLAND, leading to a decrease in BASAL METABOLIC RATE. In its most severe form, there is accumulation of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and EDEMA, known as MYXEDEMA.
The major progestational steroid that is secreted primarily by the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA. Progesterone acts on the UTERUS, the MAMMARY GLANDS and the BRAIN. It is required in EMBRYO IMPLANTATION; PREGNANCY maintenance, and the development of mammary tissue for MILK production. Progesterone, converted from PREGNENOLONE, also serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES and adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS.
A sudden, temporary sensation of heat predominantly experienced by some women during MENOPAUSE. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.
An estrogenic steroid produced by HORSES. It has a total of five double bonds in the A- and B-ring. High concentration of equilenin is found in the URINE of pregnant mares.
The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.
(6 alpha)-17-Hydroxy-6-methylpregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone used in veterinary practice as an estrus regulator.
A hydroxylated metabolite of ESTRADIOL or ESTRONE that has a hydroxyl group at C3, 16-alpha, and 17-beta position. Estriol is a major urinary estrogen. During PREGNANCY, a large amount of estriol is produced by the PLACENTA. Isomers with inversion of the hydroxyl group or groups are called epiestriol.
A synthetic progestational hormone with no androgenic or estrogenic properties. Unlike many other progestational compounds, dydrogesterone produces no increase in temperature and does not inhibit OVULATION.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Natural hormones secreted by the THYROID GLAND, such as THYROXINE, and their synthetic analogs.
The major hormone derived from the thyroid gland. Thyroxine is synthesized via the iodination of tyrosines (MONOIODOTYROSINE) and the coupling of iodotyrosines (DIIODOTYROSINE) in the THYROGLOBULIN. Thyroxine is released from thyroglobulin by proteolysis and secreted into the blood. Thyroxine is peripherally deiodinated to form TRIIODOTHYRONINE which exerts a broad spectrum of stimulatory effects on cell metabolism.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Bleeding from blood vessels in the UTERUS, sometimes manifested as vaginal bleeding.
Oral contraceptives which owe their effectiveness to hormonal preparations.
The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.
An estrogenic steroid produced by HORSES. It has a total of four double bonds in the A- and B-ring. High concentration of euilin is found in the URINE of pregnant mares.
Tumors or cancer of ENDOMETRIUM, the mucous lining of the UTERUS. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. Their classification and grading are based on the various cell types and the percent of undifferentiated cells.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Luteinizing hormone regulates steroid production by the interstitial cells of the TESTIS and the OVARY. The preovulatory LUTEINIZING HORMONE surge in females induces OVULATION, and subsequent LUTEINIZATION of the follicle. LUTEINIZING HORMONE consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
The mucous membrane lining of the uterine cavity that is hormonally responsive during the MENSTRUAL CYCLE and PREGNANCY. The endometrium undergoes cyclic changes that characterize MENSTRUATION. After successful FERTILIZATION, it serves to sustain the developing embryo.
A structurally diverse group of compounds distinguished from ESTROGENS by their ability to bind and activate ESTROGEN RECEPTORS but act as either an agonist or antagonist depending on the tissue type and hormonal milieu. They are classified as either first generation because they demonstrate estrogen agonist properties in the ENDOMETRIUM or second generation based on their patterns of tissue specificity. (Horm Res 1997;48:155-63)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
6,17-Dimethylpregna-4,6-diene-3,20-dione. A synthetic progestational hormone with actions similar to those of progesterone. It is used in the treatment of menstrual irregularities and has also been employed in the treatment of prostatic hypertrophy and endometrial carcinoma.
A potent androgenic steroid and major product secreted by the LEYDIG CELLS of the TESTIS. Its production is stimulated by LUTEINIZING HORMONE from the PITUITARY GLAND. In turn, testosterone exerts feedback control of the pituitary LH and FSH secretion. Depending on the tissues, testosterone can be further converted to DIHYDROTESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL.
Benign proliferation of the ENDOMETRIUM in the UTERUS. Endometrial hyperplasia is classified by its cytology and glandular tissue. There are simple, complex (adenomatous without atypia), and atypical hyperplasia representing also the ascending risk of becoming malignant.
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estrogens and migrate to the nucleus where they regulate DNA transcription. Evaluation of the state of estrogen receptors in breast cancer patients has become clinically important.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
Radiographic examination of the breast.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.
PLANT EXTRACTS and compounds, primarily ISOFLAVONES, that mimic or modulate endogenous estrogens, usually by binding to ESTROGEN RECEPTORS.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing alpha-D-galactose residues in alpha-galactosides including galactose oligosaccharides, galactomannans, and galactolipids.
A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.
A condition characterized by a dry, waxy type of swelling (EDEMA) with abnormal deposits of MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDES in the SKIN and other tissues. It is caused by a deficiency of THYROID HORMONES. The skin becomes puffy around the eyes and on the cheeks. The face is dull and expressionless with thickened nose and lips.
Specific proteins found in or on cells of progesterone target tissues that specifically combine with progesterone. The cytosol progesterone-receptor complex then associates with the nucleic acids to initiate protein synthesis. There are two kinds of progesterone receptors, A and B. Both are induced by estrogen and have short half-lives.
An aromatized C18 steroid with a 3-hydroxyl group and a 17-ketone, a major mammalian estrogen. It is converted from ANDROSTENEDIONE directly, or from TESTOSTERONE via ESTRADIOL. In humans, it is produced primarily by the cyclic ovaries, PLACENTA, and the ADIPOSE TISSUE of men and postmenopausal women.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
A glycoprotein hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Thyrotropin stimulates THYROID GLAND by increasing the iodide transport, synthesis and release of thyroid hormones (THYROXINE and TRIIODOTHYRONINE). Thyrotropin consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH; LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains triterpenoid saponins. Remifemin from C. racemosa is used to suppress LUTEINIZING HORMONE. It is reclassified by some to ACTAEA. The common name of black snakeroot is also used with ASARUM and SANICULA.
A second generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. It has estrogen agonist effects on bone and cholesterol metabolism but behaves as a complete estrogen antagonist on mammary gland and uterine tissue.
A sarcoma of the body of the uterus arising in older women, composed of more than one mesenchymal tissue, especially including striated muscle cells. It is associated with previous pelvic radiation exposure in 20% of patients. (Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1702)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Absence of menstruation.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Variation in health status arising from different causal factors to which each birth cohort in a population is exposed as environment and society change.
Substances that possess antiestrogenic actions but can also produce estrogenic effects as well. They act as complete or partial agonist or as antagonist. They can be either steroidal or nonsteroidal in structure.
A decapeptide that stimulates the synthesis and secretion of both pituitary gonadotropins, LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE. GnRH is produced by neurons in the septum PREOPTIC AREA of the HYPOTHALAMUS and released into the pituitary portal blood, leading to stimulation of GONADOTROPHS in the ANTERIOR PITUITARY GLAND.
An X-linked inherited metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of lysosomal ALPHA-GALACTOSIDASE A. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide and other GLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS in blood vessels throughout the body leading to multi-system complications including renal, cardiac, cerebrovascular, and skin disorders.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
C18 steroid with androgenic and anabolic properties. It is generally prepared from alkyl ethers of ESTRADIOL to resemble TESTOSTERONE but less one carbon at the 19 position.
A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
The process which spontaneously arrests the flow of BLOOD from vessels carrying blood under pressure. It is accomplished by contraction of the vessels, adhesion and aggregation of formed blood elements (eg. ERYTHROCYTE AGGREGATION), and the process of BLOOD COAGULATION.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Deviations from the average values for a specific age and sex in any or all of the following: height, weight, skeletal proportions, osseous development, or maturation of features. Included here are both acceleration and retardation of growth.
A synthetic steroid that has anabolic and androgenic properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1194)
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
A synthetic progestin which is useful for the study of progestin distribution and progestin tissue receptors, as it is not bound by transcortin and binds to progesterone receptors with a higher association constant than progesterone.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A noninvasive method for assessing BODY COMPOSITION. It is based on the differential absorption of X-RAYS (or GAMMA RAYS) by different tissues such as bone, fat and other soft tissues. The source of (X-ray or gamma-ray) photon beam is generated either from radioisotopes such as GADOLINIUM 153, IODINE 125, or Americanium 241 which emit GAMMA RAYS in the appropriate range; or from an X-ray tube which produces X-RAYS in the desired range. It is primarily used for quantitating BONE MINERAL CONTENT, especially for the diagnosis of OSTEOPOROSIS, and also in measuring BONE MINERALIZATION.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Condition resulting from deficient gonadal functions, such as GAMETOGENESIS and the production of GONADAL STEROID HORMONES. It is characterized by delay in GROWTH, germ cell maturation, and development of secondary sex characteristics. Hypogonadism can be due to a deficiency of GONADOTROPINS (hypogonadotropic hypogonadism) or due to primary gonadal failure (hypergonadotropic hypogonadism).
A T3 thyroid hormone normally synthesized and secreted by the thyroid gland in much smaller quantities than thyroxine (T4). Most T3 is derived from peripheral monodeiodination of T4 at the 5' position of the outer ring of the iodothyronine nucleus. The hormone finally delivered and used by the tissues is mainly T3.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Women licensed to practice medicine.
Compounds that interact with ANDROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of TESTOSTERONE. Depending on the target tissues, androgenic effects can be on SEX DIFFERENTIATION; male reproductive organs, SPERMATOGENESIS; secondary male SEX CHARACTERISTICS; LIBIDO; development of muscle mass, strength, and power.
An autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency of acid beta-glucosidase (GLUCOSYLCERAMIDASE) leading to intralysosomal accumulation of glycosylceramide mainly in cells of the MONONUCLEAR PHAGOCYTE SYSTEM. The characteristic Gaucher cells, glycosphingolipid-filled HISTIOCYTES, displace normal cells in BONE MARROW and visceral organs causing skeletal deterioration, hepatosplenomegaly, and organ dysfunction. There are several subtypes based on the presence and severity of neurological involvement.
The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
An anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates the ADRENAL CORTEX and its production of CORTICOSTEROIDS. ACTH is a 39-amino acid polypeptide of which the N-terminal 24-amino acid segment is identical in all species and contains the adrenocorticotrophic activity. Upon further tissue-specific processing, ACTH can yield ALPHA-MSH and corticotrophin-like intermediate lobe peptide (CLIP).
Breaks in bones.
Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.
One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has marked affinity for ESTRADIOL. Its expression and function differs from, and in some ways opposes, ESTROGEN RECEPTOR BETA.
A biologically active 20-alpha-reduced metabolite of PROGESTERONE. It is converted from progesterone to 20-alpha-hydroxypregn-4-en-3-one by the 20-ALPHA-HYDROXYSTEROID DEHYDROGENASE in the CORPUS LUTEUM and the PLACENTA.
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
Specific high affinity binding proteins for THYROID HORMONES in target cells. They are usually found in the nucleus and regulate DNA transcription. These receptors are activated by hormones that leads to transcription, cell differentiation, and growth suppression. Thyroid hormone receptors are encoded by two genes (GENES, ERBA): erbA-alpha and erbA-beta for alpha and beta thyroid hormone receptors, respectively.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Benign neoplasms derived from glandular epithelium. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
An autosomal recessively inherited glycogen storage disease caused by GLUCAN 1,4-ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE deficiency. Large amounts of GLYCOGEN accumulate in the LYSOSOMES of skeletal muscle (MUSCLE, SKELETAL); HEART; LIVER; SPINAL CORD; and BRAIN. Three forms have been described: infantile, childhood, and adult. The infantile form is fatal in infancy and presents with hypotonia and a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (CARDIOMYOPATHY, HYPERTROPHIC). The childhood form usually presents in the second year of life with proximal weakness and respiratory symptoms. The adult form consists of a slowly progressive proximal myopathy. (From Muscle Nerve 1995;3:S61-9; Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp73-4)
Hormones secreted by the PITUITARY GLAND including those from the anterior lobe (adenohypophysis), the posterior lobe (neurohypophysis), and the ill-defined intermediate lobe. Structurally, they include small peptides, proteins, and glycoproteins. They are under the regulation of neural signals (NEUROTRANSMITTERS) or neuroendocrine signals (HYPOTHALAMIC HORMONES) from the hypothalamus as well as feedback from their targets such as ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES; ANDROGENS; ESTROGENS.
Replacement of the hip joint.
A well-characterized basic peptide believed to be secreted by the liver and to circulate in the blood. It has growth-regulating, insulin-like, and mitogenic activities. This growth factor has a major, but not absolute, dependence on GROWTH HORMONE. It is believed to be mainly active in adults in contrast to INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR II, which is a major fetal growth factor.
One of the SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS with tissue-specific activities. Tamoxifen acts as an anti-estrogen (inhibiting agent) in the mammary tissue, but as an estrogen (stimulating agent) in cholesterol metabolism, bone density, and cell proliferation in the ENDOMETRIUM.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
Extracorporeal ULTRAFILTRATION technique without HEMODIALYSIS for treatment of fluid overload and electrolyte disturbances affecting renal, cardiac, or pulmonary function.
Obstruction of a vein or VEINS (embolism) by a blood clot (THROMBUS) in the blood stream.
The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Single preparations containing two or more active agents, for the purpose of their concurrent administration as a fixed dose mixture.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Replacement of the knee joint.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A benign pituitary-region neoplasm that originates from Rathke's pouch. The two major histologic and clinical subtypes are adamantinous (or classical) craniopharyngioma and papillary craniopharyngioma. The adamantinous form presents in children and adolescents as an expanding cystic lesion in the pituitary region. The cystic cavity is filled with a black viscous substance and histologically the tumor is composed of adamantinomatous epithelium and areas of calcification and necrosis. Papillary craniopharyngiomas occur in adults, and histologically feature a squamous epithelium with papillations. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch14, p50)
Patterns of practice related to diagnosis and treatment as especially influenced by cost of the service requested and provided.
The first MENSTRUAL CYCLE marked by the initiation of MENSTRUATION.
Hormones produced by the GONADS, including both steroid and peptide hormones. The major steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL and PROGESTERONE from the OVARY, and TESTOSTERONE from the TESTIS. The major peptide hormones include ACTIVINS and INHIBINS.
A glycosidase that hydrolyzes a glucosylceramide to yield free ceramide plus glucose. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to abnormally high concentrations of glucosylceramide in the brain in GAUCHER DISEASE. EC
The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
A state in southeastern Australia. Its capital is Sydney. It was discovered by Captain Cook in 1770 and first settled at Botany Bay by marines and convicts in 1788. It was named by Captain Cook who thought its coastline resembled that of South Wales. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p840 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p377)
A lipoprotein that resembles the LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS but with an extra protein moiety, APOPROTEIN (A) also known as APOLIPOPROTEIN (A), linked to APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100 on the LDL by one or two disulfide bonds. High plasma level of lipoprotein (a) is associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
The neural systems which act on VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE to control blood vessel diameter. The major neural control is through the sympathetic nervous system.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Disorders involving either the ADENOHYPOPHYSIS or the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS. These diseases usually manifest as hypersecretion or hyposecretion of PITUITARY HORMONES. Neoplastic pituitary masses can also cause compression of the OPTIC CHIASM and other adjacent structures.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
A small, unpaired gland situated in the SELLA TURCICA. It is connected to the HYPOTHALAMUS by a short stalk which is called the INFUNDIBULUM.
A microsomal cytochrome P450 enzyme that catalyzes the 17-alpha-hydroxylation of progesterone or pregnenolone and subsequent cleavage of the residual two carbons at C17 in the presence of molecular oxygen and NADPH-FERRIHEMOPROTEIN REDUCTASE. This enzyme, encoded by CYP17 gene, generates precursors for glucocorticoid, androgen, and estrogen synthesis. Defects in CYP17 gene cause congenital adrenal hyperplasia (ADRENAL HYPERPLASIA, CONGENITAL) and abnormal sexual differentiation.
One of the ESTROGEN RECEPTORS that has greater affinity for ISOFLAVONES than ESTROGEN RECEPTOR ALPHA does. There is great sequence homology with ER alpha in the DNA-binding domain but not in the ligand binding and hinge domains.
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The surgical removal of one or both testicles.
The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.
Antineoplastic agents that are used to treat hormone-sensitive tumors. Hormone-sensitive tumors may be hormone-dependent, hormone-responsive, or both. A hormone-dependent tumor regresses on removal of the hormonal stimulus, by surgery or pharmacological block. Hormone-responsive tumors may regress when pharmacologic amounts of hormones are administered regardless of whether previous signs of hormone sensitivity were observed. The major hormone-responsive cancers include carcinomas of the breast, prostate, and endometrium; lymphomas; and certain leukemias. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual 1994, p2079)
Surgical removal or destruction of the hypophysis, or pituitary gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Fractures of the FEMUR HEAD; the FEMUR NECK; (FEMORAL NECK FRACTURES); the trochanters; or the inter- or subtrochanteric region. Excludes fractures of the acetabulum and fractures of the femoral shaft below the subtrochanteric region (FEMORAL FRACTURES).
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A lactogenic hormone secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). It is a polypeptide of approximately 23 kD. Besides its major action on lactation, in some species prolactin exerts effects on reproduction, maternal behavior, fat metabolism, immunomodulation and osmoregulation. Prolactin receptors are present in the mammary gland, hypothalamus, liver, ovary, testis, and prostate.
A species of the genus MACACA which typically lives near the coast in tidal creeks and mangrove swamps primarily on the islands of the Malay peninsula.
An arylsulfatase that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-sulfate groups of the N-acetyl-D-galactosamine 4-sulfate units of chondroitin sulfate and dermatan sulfate. A deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for the inherited lysosomal disease, Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome (MUCOPOLYSACCHARIDOSIS VI). EC
Any dummy medication or treatment. Although placebos originally were medicinal preparations having no specific pharmacological activity against a targeted condition, the concept has been extended to include treatments or procedures, especially those administered to control groups in clinical trials in order to provide baseline measurements for the experimental protocol.
Compounds which inhibit or antagonize the action or biosynthesis of estrogenic compounds.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
The action of a drug that may affect the activity, metabolism, or toxicity of another drug.
Neoplasms which arise from or metastasize to the PITUITARY GLAND. The majority of pituitary neoplasms are adenomas, which are divided into non-secreting and secreting forms. Hormone producing forms are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. Pituitary adenomas may also be characterized by their staining properties (see ADENOMA, BASOPHIL; ADENOMA, ACIDOPHIL; and ADENOMA, CHROMOPHOBE). Pituitary tumors may compress adjacent structures, including the HYPOTHALAMUS, several CRANIAL NERVES, and the OPTIC CHIASM. Chiasmal compression may result in bitemporal HEMIANOPSIA.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
The combination of hemodialysis and hemofiltration either simultaneously or sequentially. Convective transport (hemofiltration) may be better for removal of larger molecular weight substances and diffusive transport (hemodialysis) for smaller molecular weight solutes.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with frequency-shifted ultrasound reflections produced by moving targets (usually red blood cells) in the bloodstream along the ultrasound axis in direct proportion to the velocity of movement of the targets, to determine both direction and velocity of blood flow. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
A peptide hormone that lowers calcium concentration in the blood. In humans, it is released by thyroid cells and acts to decrease the formation and absorptive activity of osteoclasts. Its role in regulating plasma calcium is much greater in children and in certain diseases than in normal adults.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Ultrasonography applying the Doppler effect, with the superposition of flow information as colors on a gray scale in a real-time image. This type of ultrasonography is well-suited to identifying the location of high-velocity flow (such as in a stenosis) or of mapping the extent of flow in a certain region.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.

Absent pituitary gland and hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis associated with partial ophthalmoplegia and postaxial polydactyly: a variant of orofaciodigital syndrome VI or a new syndrome? (1/1069)

We report two sibs with features overlapping those of orofaciodigital syndrome type VI (Varadi syndrome). Both presented at birth with oculomotor abnormalities, dysmorphic facial features, and dysgenesis of the cerebellar vermis. There were minimal oral manifestations (high arched palate) in both of them and one had postaxial polydactyly of both hands and one foot. In addition, there was evidence of aplasia of the pituitary gland on MRI scan in both of them with evidence of hypopituitarism. Both responded well to hormone replacement therapy with improvement in their linear growth and mental ability. These cases may represent a new autosomal recessive midline defect syndrome with features overlapping OFDS VI. Alternatively the features in these children could represent variability within OFDS VI.  (+info)

Apo E phenotype and changes in serum lipids in adult patients during growth hormone replacement. (2/1069)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether apo E phenotype influences changes in lipid profiles induced by growth hormone replacement in growth hormone (GH)-deficient adults. DESIGNS: Patients were treated for 6 months with recombinant human GH (hGH), given in a dose of 0.125 U/kg per week for 4 weeks followed by 0.25 U/kg per week thereafter. The effects on serum lipids and the influence of apo E phenotype were examined. METHODS: Thirty patients (aged 35.1+/-11.8 years: mean +/- S.D.) with adult growth hormone deficiency with included in the study. Fasting serum samples were analysed for apo E phenotype total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, triglycerides, lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) and IGF-I. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol was calculated using the Friedwald formula. RESULTS: Six months of replacement treatment with hGH resulted in a reduction in HDL-cholesterol from 0.90+/-0.10 to 0.68+/-0.08 mmol/l (P<0.01), and a small, non-significant reduction in total cholesterol from 6.14+/-0.40 to 5.99+/-0.35 mmol/l (P = 0.06). There was no significant change in the other lipid parameters. The decrease in HDL-cholesterol concentration was greater in patients carrying the apo E2 allele (0.40+/-0.07 mmol/l, P<0.05) than in patients homozygous for the apo E3 allele (0.23+/-0.04 mmol/l) and patients carrying the apo E4 allele (0.15+/-0.36 mmol/l). Patients with the apo E4 allele had lower baseline cholesterol concentrations than patients lacking the apo E4 allele, and this persisted after treatment with hGH (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Apo E phenotype may be a determining factor in the response of HDL-cholesterol to hGH in GH-deficient adults.  (+info)

Turner's syndrome and pregnancies after oocyte donation. (3/1069)

A total of 20 clinical pregnancies was achieved among 18 women with Turner's syndrome who were treated in an oocyte donation programme. The oocytes were donated by voluntary unpaid donors. A mean of 1.8 embryos per transfer was given to each recipient by way of 28 fresh and 25 frozen embryo transfers. With fresh and frozen embryos, 13 and seven pregnancies respectively were achieved. The clinical pregnancy rate per fresh embryo transfer was 46%, and the implantation rate 30%, being similar to the corresponding rates among our oocyte recipients with primary ovarian failure in general. The corresponding rates with frozen embryos were 28 and 19%. Of these pregnancies, 40% ended in miscarriage. This high rate may be explained by uterine factors. Six women were hypertensive during pregnancy, a rate comparable with that in other oocyte donation pregnancies. All these women delivered by Caesarean section. Pregnancy and implantation rates after oocyte donation were high in women with Turner's syndrome, but the risk of cardiovascular and other complications is high. Careful assessment before and during follow-up of pregnancy are important. Transfer of only one embryo at a time to avoid the additional complications caused by twin pregnancy is recommended.  (+info)

Primary prevention of CHD: nine ways to reduce risk. (4/1069)

Lowering cholesterol can reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease. Treating hypertension reduces overall mortality and is most effective in reducing the risk of coronary heart disease in older patients. Smoking cessation reduces the level of risk to that of nonsmokers within about three years of cessation. Aspirin is likely to be an effective means of primary prevention, but a group in whom treatment is appropriate has yet to be defined. Evidence that supplementation with vitamin A or C reduces the risk of coronary heart disease is inadequate; the data for use of vitamin E are inconclusive. Epidemiologic evidence is sufficient to recommend that most persons increase their levels of physical activity. Lowering homocysteine levels through increased folate intake is a promising but unproven primary prevention strategy. Hormone replacement therapy was associated with reduced incidence of coronary heart disease in epidemiologic studies but was not effective in a secondary prevention trial.  (+info)

Hormone replacement therapy, inflammation, and hemostasis in elderly women. (5/1069)

Lipid-lowering by postmenopausal hormone therapy (HRT) explains only partly the assumed coronary risk reduction associated with therapy. To explore other possible mechanisms, we studied associations of HRT use with inflammation and hemostasis risk markers in women >/=65 years of age. Subjects were selected from 3393 participants in the fourth year examination of the Cardiovascular Health Study, an observational study of vascular disease risk factors. After excluding women with vascular disease, we compared levels of inflammation and hemostasis variables in the 230 women using unopposed estrogen and 60 using estrogen/progestin, with those of 196 nonusers selected as controls. Compared with nonusers, unopposed estrogen use was associated with 59% higher mean C-reactive protein (P<0.001), but with modestly lower levels of other inflammation indicators, fibrinogen, and alpha-1 acid glycoprotein (P<0.001). Factor VIIc was 16% higher among estrogen users (P<0.001), but this was not associated with higher thrombin production (prothrombin fragment 1-2), or increased fibrin breakdown (D-dimer). Concentration of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 was 50% lower in both using groups (P<0.001) compared with nonusers, and this was associated with higher plasmin-antiplasmin complex: 8% higher in estrogen and 18% higher in estrogen/progestin users (P<0. 05). Relationships between the markers and hormone use were less pronounced in estrogen/progestin users, with no association for C-reactive protein except in women in upper 2 tertiles of body mass index (P for interaction, 0.02). The direction and strength of the associations of HRT use with inflammation markers differed depending on the protein, so it is not clear whether HRT confers coronary risk reduction through an inflammation-sensitive mechanism. Associations with hemostasis markers indicated no association with evidence of procoagulation and a possible association with increased fibrinolytic activity.  (+info)

Alteration in sexually dimorphic testosterone biotransformation profiles as a biomarker of chemically induced androgen disruption in mice. (6/1069)

Assessment of the impact of environmental chemicals on androgen homeostasis in rodent models is confounded by high intraindividual and interindividual variability in circulating testosterone levels. Our goal was to evaluate changes in testosterone biotransformation processes as a measure of androgen homeostasis and as a biomarker of exposure to androgen-disrupting chemicals. Sex-specific differences in hepatic testosterone biotransformation enzyme activities were identified in CD-1 mice. Gonadectomy followed by replacement of individual steroid hormones identified specific sex differences in biotransformation profiles that were due to the inductive or suppressive effects of testosterone. Notably, significant androgen-dependent differences in testosterone 6[alpha]- and 15[alpha]-hydroxylase activities were demonstrated, and the ratio of 6[alpha]- and 15[alpha]-hydroxylase activities proved to be an excellent indicator of the androgen status within the animal. The male or "masculinized" testosterone 6[alpha]/15[alpha]-hydroxylase ratio was significantly less than the female or "feminized" ratio. Male mice were exposed to both an antiandrogen, vinclozolin, and to a compound that modulates serum androgen levels, indole-3-carbinol, to test the utility of this ratio as a biomarker of androgen disruption. Treatment with the antiandrogen vinclozolin significantly increased the 6[alpha]/15[alpha]-hydroxylase ratio. Indole-3-carbinol treatment resulted in a dose-dependent, but highly variable, decrease in serum testosterone levels. The 6[alpha]/15[alpha]-hydroxylase ratio increased as serum testosterone levels decreased in these animals. However, the increase in the ratio was much less variable and more sensitive than serum testosterone levels. These investigations demonstrate that the 6[alpha]/15[alpha]-hydroxylase ratio is a powerful measure of androgen modulation and a sensitive indicator of exposure to androgen-disrupting chemicals in CD-1 mice.  (+info)

Is recruitment more difficult with a placebo arm in randomised controlled trials? A quasirandomised, interview based study. (7/1069)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether including a placebo arm in a clinical trial of hormone replacement therapy influenced women's stated willingness to participate. DESIGN: Quasirandomised, interview based study. SETTING: 10 group practices in the Medical Research Council's General Practice Research Framework. PARTICIPANTS: 436 postmenopausal women aged 45-64 who had not had a hysterectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Stated willingness to enter a trial and reasons for the decisions made. RESULTS: Of 218 women told about the trial without a placebo arm, 85 (39%) indicated their willingness to enter compared with 65 (30%) of the 218 women told about the trial with the placebo arm (P=0.06). Part of this difference was due to explicit reluctance to take a placebo. Altruism and personal benefit were the reasons most frequently given for wanting to take part in a trial. The reasons most frequently cited for not wanting to take part were reluctance to restart periods, not wanting to take unknown or unnecessary tablets, or not wanting to interfere with present good health. CONCLUSION: For preventive trials the inclusion of a placebo arm may reduce patients' willingness to participate.  (+info)

Regression of cardiac abnormalities after replacement therapy in Addison's disease. (8/1069)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate by echocardiography the cardiac structure and function in patients with primary adrenocortical insufficiency. DESIGN AND METHODS: Two-dimensionally guided M-mode echocardiograms and spectral Doppler studies were performed in seven consecutive patients with newly diagnosed autoimmune primary adrenal failure before and 4-8 months after an adequate regimen of steroid substitution. Echocardiographic parameters were also studied in ten healthy controls. RESULTS: In the cases with untreated Addison's disease, both left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions were significantly reduced in comparison with those in controls (P<0.01). Four patients had echocardiographic signs of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) at the anterior leaflet, with no evidence of mitral regurgitation by Doppler echocardiography. Systolic clicks characteristic of MVP were present on auscultation in two of these cases. Left ventricular chamber size normalized, i.e. significantly increased (P<0.01), and both echocardiographic and physical signs of MVP resolved after steroid substitution in all patients. All other echocardiographic indices were normal before and after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with untreated Addison's disease have cardiac abnormalities which regress after steroid substitution. A valvular-ventricular disproportion due to the hypovolemic state could explain these findings.  (+info)

The hormone replacement therapy market forecast, trend analysis and competition tracking - global market insights, 2018-2028 report is an exclusive study revealing several facets of Hormone Replacement Therapy Market. The hormone replacement therapy market report includes forecast projections for a period of 10 years, form 2018 to 2028.. Request Free Sample Report - The hormone replacement therapy market study also includes various aspects impacting the demand and sales of various hormone replacement therapy products worldwide along with a year-on-year growth assessment of hormone replacement therapy. Historical data on hormone replacement therapy adoption, current hormone replacement therapy scenario and future projections on hormone replacement therapy market are provided in the hormone replacement therapy market report.. Key findings of the hormone replacement therapy market study:. ...
Figure Estrogen replacement therapy Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Million USD) Figure Estrogen replacement therapy Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Volume) Figure Estrogen replacement therapy Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Million USD) Figure Estrogen replacement therapy Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Volume) Figure Growth hormone replacement therapy Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Million USD) Figure Growth hormone replacement therapy Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Volume) Figure Growth hormone replacement therapy Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Million USD) Figure Growth hormone replacement therapy Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Volume) Figure Oral Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Million USD) Figure Oral Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Volume) Figure Oral Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Million USD) Figure Oral Market Forecast and CAGR 2019-2025 (Volume) Figure Parenteral Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 (Million USD) Figure Parenteral Market Size and CAGR 2013-2018 ...
Growth hormone replacement therapy improves cognition. Blog by Scarlett Law Group, a San Francisco personal injury law firm that handles virtually all types of accident and injury claims.
Research and clinical trials on hormone replacement therapies have indicated a higher incidence of tumors, especially breast cancer, in post-menopausal women who take synthetic hormones; therefore, doctors have become more reluctant to prescribe the treatment. In 2011, studies conducted by University of Missouri researchers found that a natural compound called apigenin, which is found in celery, parsley, and apples, could reduce the incidence of tumor growth in women receiving hormone replacement therapy. Now, based on subsequent studies conducted by MU researchers, they are recommending that women not ingest pure apigenin as a supplement. A new study shows that when the supplement apigenin is ingested in a diet at the same concentration as subjects received during IV injections in previous studies-the benefits were reversed leading to a higher incidence of cancerous tumors in subjects receiving progestin. Typically, hormone replacement therapies improve the lives of menopausal women and ...
Hormone replacement: For hypogonadism caused by testicular failure, male hormone replacement (testosterone replacement therapy or TRT) is used. TRT can restore sexual function and muscle strength and prevent bone loss. In addition, men receiving TRT often experience an increase in energy, sex drive and sense of well-being.. How is of testosterone replacement therapy administered? Several testosterone delivery methods exist. Choosing a specific therapy depends on your preference of a particular delivery system, the side effects and the cost. Methods include:. Injection: Testosterone injections are safe and effective. Injections are given in a muscle about every two weeks to 4 weeks. Your symptoms may come and go between doses. You or a family member can learn to give TRT injections at home. If youre uncomfortable giving yourself injections, a nurse or doctor can give the injections.. Patch: A patch containing testosterone (Androderm) is applied each night to your back, abdomen, upper arm or ...
Studies are now plentiful that show the benefits of hormone replacement, not just for health benefits, but also for reduced cancer risk. My mentor in the field of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT), Neal Rouzier MD, gave a superb summary of the literature that I have summarized below with regards to Testosterone (and growth hormone) replacement for men and the risk of prostate cancer.. FOR MEN:. The study by Fuhrman Et. Al., Basal Growth Hormone Concentrations in Blood and The Risk for Prostate Cancer: A Case-Control Study, found a statistically significant trend of decreasing prostate cancer risk across increasing Growth Hormone (GH) quintiles, and that lower levels of Growth Hormone in the serum are associated with increased prostate cancer risk. This fits with the experience that children on GH do not have increased risk for cancers. [1]. The study by Devi et. al., Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 Induces Early Apoptosis in Malignant Prostate Cancer Cells and Inhibits Tumor ...
Estrogen replacement therapy, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and natural hormone replacement therapy, also known as bio-identical hormone replacement therapy, can all help relieve menopausal sympto
According to the recent report by IMARC Group, titled Hormone Replacement Therapy Market: Global Industry Trends, Share, Size, Growth, Opportunity and Forecast 2021-2026, the global hormone replacement therapy market size reached US$ 4.5 Billion in 2019. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) refers to a type of treatment wherein low levels of hormones in the body are replenished. It helps in balancing the estrogen or progesterone levels in women nearing menopause. Apart from this, it is suitable for patients with a deficiency of growth hormone and elderly patients suffering from hypogonadism. As HRT is considered an efficacious treatment, patients now prefer it over herbal medicines or chemical drugs. This therapy is available in different forms, including gels, implants, skin and mouth patches, and injections. However, HRT may cause some side effects such as nausea, bloating, indigestion, headaches, and cramps.. Get a sample copy of this Report: ...
Local resource for hormone replacement therapy in Laramie, WY. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to hormone replacement therapy, menopause relief, and hot flash treatments, as well as advice and content on menopause symptoms, hormone therapies, hormone balance, and perimenopause symptoms.
Local resource for hormone replacement therapy in Norwalk, CT. Includes detailed information on local businesses that provide access to hormone replacement therapy, menopause relief, and hot flash treatments, as well as advice and content on menopause symptoms, hormone therapies, hormone balance, and perimenopause symptoms.
February 10, 2004. February 10, 2004. The government today told makers of hormone replacement therapies to include Alzheimers disease and other forms of dementia on the list of possible warnings for these popular drugs. Alzheimers will now join heart disease, strokes, and breast cancer as possible risk factors for women taking these medications.. Hormone replacement therapies containing estrogen and progestin have been used by women for decades to treat hot flashes, night sweats, and other symptoms of menopause. While the drugs may help for these troubling symptoms, a landmark study in 2002 found that they also appear to carry an increased risk of breast cancer, heart attacks, and strokes.. It was also hoped that hormone replacement therapy might keep memory intact and ward off Alzheimers in older women. Last year, though, researchers found that it appears to do little to prevent Alzheimers in this age group - and may even increase the risk. [See the article, HRT Boosts Alzheimers Risk.] ...
Bio-identical Hormone Replacement Therapy with Pellet Implants Index What is bio-identical hormone replacement therapy? What are bio-identical hormone pellets, and how do they work? Who can benefit from bio-identical hormone replacement therapy via pellets and how? Getting to the root of the problem Common symptoms of hormone imbalance for MEN Common symptoms of hormone imbalance for WOMEN Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy FAQS Why should I choose EVEXIAS® Medical Centers as my bio-identical hormone replacement therapy provider? AUTHOR Staff CATEGORY Health & Wellness SOCIAL @EVEXIASMEDICAL What is bio-identical hormone replacement therapy? Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy is a natural alternative to synthetic hormone replacement therapies. With bio-identical hormones, the structure of the hormone - testosterone, estrogen or both - is perfectly matched to the individual patients body. Bio-identical hormones are natural, plant-based substances that. ...
In this issue of Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, Herrington and colleagues23 report the effect of hormone replacement therapy on endothelium-dependent vasodilation in 1662 women participating in the Cardiovascular Health Study, a longitudinal study of cardiovascular risk factors in the elderly. The authors used vascular ultrasound to measure flow-mediated dilation of the brachial artery, a response that has been shown to be NO-dependent27 and to correlate with responses in the coronary circulation.28 As with the coronary circulation, endothelial dysfunction in the brachial artery improves with many risk reduction therapies,1,3 and a preliminary study suggests that brachial artery endothelial dysfunction is an independent predictor of short-term cardiovascular disease events in high risk patients.29. Overall, Herrington and colleagues23 found no significant difference in endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the 291 women with current or previous hormone replacement therapy ...
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Associations of hormone-receptor positive breast cancer with excess adiposity are reasonably well characterized; however, uncertainty remains regarding the association of body mass index (BMI) with hormone-receptor negative malignancies, and possible interactions by hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use. METHODS: Within the European EPIC cohort, Cox proportional hazards models were used to describe the relationship of BMI, waist and hip circumferences with risk of estrogen receptor (ER)-progesterone receptor (PR)- (n=1,021) and ER+PR+ (n=3,586) breast tumors within five-year age bands. Among postmenopausal women, the joint effects of BMI and HRT use were analyzed. RESULTS: For risk of ER-PR- tumors, there was no association of BMI across the age bands. However, when analyses were restricted to postmenopausal HRT never users, a positive risk association with BMI (3rd versus 1st tertile HR=1.47[1.01-2.15]) was observed. BMI was inversely associated with ER+PR+ tumors among women
Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy Near Me in New England. Looking for a Top Hormone Replacement Specialist? StudioEros Offers the Best Hormone Replacement Therapy. Call (508) 593-7771 to schedule a consultation or visit us at 484 Highland Ave Fall River, MA 02720. check our best specials and prices.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Hormone replacement therapy and/or lipid-lowering drugs for menopausal women with hypercholesterolaemia. AU - Rosano, G. M C. AU - Fini, M.. AU - Onorati, D.. AU - Mercuro, G.. AU - Rosano, Giuseppe. AU - Kaski, Juan Carlos. PY - 2000. Y1 - 2000. N2 - Menopause is associated with an increase in the total cholesterol level and with unfavourable changes in the lipid profile. The increase in total plasma cholesterol is associated with a decrease of HDL cholesterol, which is an important predictor of cardiac events in women, and with an increase in the plasma levels of LDL cholesterol and of the atherogenic Lp(a). Several studies have shown that oral administration of oestrogen and oestrogen-progestin replacement therapy has a beneficial effect upon the lipid profile, reducing total and LDL cholesterol and Lp(a) and increasing HDL cholesterol levels. Although these effects may be of importance in the setting of primary prevention it is not clear whether hormone replacement therapy is ...
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If you are passionate about helping women feel better as they age, then you should seriously consider opening a womens health practice and learning the ins and outs of female specific hormone replacement therapy. Many of the nurse practitioners reading this are on hormone replacement therapy themselves and know how much better they feel on it, therefore you can truly relate with your patients in helping them achieve a better quality of life. Maybe you are not on hormone replacement but see many of these women in your practice that could significantly benefit from treatment. Nevertheless, it is an in-demand service line!. Hormone replacement clinics have been around for decades now, and for good reason, they provide significant value to patients. We are an aging population, therefore, the demand for providing hormone replacement therapy and treating female specific health needs is higher than ever!. The womens health market is a $30 BILLION industry. That is right, $30 BILLION! The market is ...
Purpose: Female sex hormones was reported to play an important role in protecting against cataract progression.,br /, To evaluate the effect of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on lens opacity measured by Scheimpflug densitometry and serum inflammatory cytokines and antioxidant levels.. Methods: The control group of 128 patients (Group 1) did not use HRT at any time after menopause. The treatment group of 136 patients (Group 2) had used HRT over 5 years after menopause. Lens density was measured using a Scheimpflug imaging system (Pentacam). Multiplex bead analysis was conducted with serum. Cortical, nuclear, and posterior subcapsular density, pentacam nucleus staging (PNS), pentacam densitometry of zone (PDZ) measured by pentacam, and antioxidant and inflammatory cytokines activities in serum.. Results: Nuclear and posterior subcapsular density, PNS, and percentage of PDZ in group 1 were significantly higher than those of group 2 (P ,0.05). The serum IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TGF-β ...
This is sometimes referred to as BHRT and is considered to be a form of alternative medicine. The claim is that natural or bioidentical HRT is customized to the individual requirements of each woman by virtue of saliva testing and blood analysis.. This type of hormone replacement therapy is sometimes dispensed by compounding pharmacies so that they can be customized to each individual woman. It is also claimed that this form of HRT is both effective and safer than other types.. This claim of safety is made based on the fact that these hormones are often plant derived. They may be derived from yams or soybeans and then compounded using requisite carbon, hydrogen and oxygen molecules. This resultant hormone molecule is supposed to be closer to the human hormone in nature and composition it is claimed and is therefore safer.. However, there is actually nothing to suggest that natural hormone replacement therapy is actually safer than conventional HRT. It is thought to have the same risks and ...
The use of hormone replacement therapy to aid in menopausal symptoms has been a popular therapy since the 1960s. These hormones are praised in magazine articles and books, leading women to believe that they have no risks. However, even though hormone replacement therapy has some proven benefits, studies have shown that it also increases a womens risk of breast cancer, heart attack, and stroke.. There are always risks when you fool with nature, and we must be cautious when using any type of drug or hormonal therapy. For the best protection against menopausal symptoms, a woman should stay slim, exercise and eat a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables and other greens for years prior to menopause. If a hormone therapy is necessary, there are forms and amounts that are safer than others, when used properly, and every woman deserves to know the associated risks involved.. ...
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The hormone cortisol controls the bodys fight or flight response, and imbalanced cortisol levels can cause serious health damage. Bioidentical cortisol hormone replacement therapy may help you control your stress and fatigue. Cortisol hormone replacement therapy is available in Elfers, FL.
The hormone cortisol controls the bodys fight or flight response, and imbalanced cortisol levels can cause serious health damage. Bioidentical cortisol hormone replacement therapy may help you control your stress and fatigue. Cortisol hormone replacement therapy is available in Estero, FL.
If you find that you always seem to be running on empty when it comes to your energy levels, you should talk to your doctor and see if you would benefit from hormone replacement therapy. As we begin to age our hormone levels start to decrease and this puts our body out of its natural balance. When hormones are not in balance it can cause lagging energy and pain in your joints. Balancing the hormones in your body can improve your metabolism, boost your energy levels, and lighten your mood.. Human growth hormone is a naturally occurring hormone in your body that we have in abundance when we are young causing the abundant energy levels, smooth skin, and high metabolism. This hormone is responsible for the pliability and quick healing that many young children have. When we age, the levels of this hormone rapidly decrease, especially once we reach middle age. You can counter the loss of human growth hormone with hormone replacement therapy provided by a trusted hormone specialist. Human growth ...
To the Editor,. Timing Hypothesis: Is it years since menopause or age at baseline?. Schierbeck et al 1 reported that initiation of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) early after menopause significantly reduced risk of mortality, heart failure (HF) , or myocardial infarction (MI) without any apparent increase in risk of cancer , venous thromboembolism, or stroke when compared to no treatment. The results of this study require caution in the interpretation.. The Danish study relies on a Timing Hypothesis suggesting beneficial effects of HRT if initiated early after menopause. However, we believe that timing of HRT initiation has more relevance to the age of participants at baseline than to their years since menopause. Increased age is a well established cardiovascular risk factor. Analysis of HRT arm of WHI for cardiovascular events by age at baseline 2 supports this Age Hypothesis. Total number of CHD events in age groups 50-59 year, 60 - 69 year, and 70-79 year receiving HRT in WHI were 59, ...
To Provide for Coverage of Hormone Replacement Therapy for Treatment of Menopausal Symptoms, and for Coverage of an Alternative Therapy for Hormone Replacement Therapy for Such Symptoms, Under the Medicare. by United States Congress House of Represen, 9781240965762, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
This study will determine the effects of hormone replacement therapy (estrogen alone or estrogen and progesterone) on the walls of arteries in postmenopausal women. Inflammation and stiffness of artery walls are two risk factors for atherosclerosis-deposits of fatty substances (plaques) that can block the vessel, causing a heart attack or stroke. Estrogen raises the levels of certain substances in the blood that cause vessel inflammation and lowers the levels of others. This study will measure the net effects of estrogen on artery wall inflammation and stiffness.. Postmenopausal women in good health may participate in this study. Volunteers will be screened for eligibility with a complete medical history, heart examination, and blood tests. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either: 1) hormone therapy (estradiol 2 mg daily alone for women who have had a hysterectomy or estradiol plus micronized progesterone 200 mg daily for women with an intact uterus); or 2) placebo (look-alike ...
Menopause, the universal biological event in a womans life occurs at about age 51, marking the transition from the reproductive to the non-reproductive phase of life. As the ovaries become less and less efficient and produce less estrogen, many women begin to experience a range of uncomfortable symptoms that may affect their quality of life. In some cases, hormone replacement therapy, (HRT) may be a good option for these women.. What Happens As Women Age. Typically, the older women get menstrual periods change in character, becoming irregular until they cease altogether several years later. After the age of about 54, the ovaries become totally nonfunctional as blood levels containing estrogen drop to very low values for the remainder of a womans life. It is at this time that a woman must decide whether or not to pursue treatment with hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Logically, this decision should be based on the possible immediate and long-term consequences of having almost no estrogen in ...
Press Release issued Oct 5, 2012: Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is administration of hormones to those patients who are under a phase of declining natural hormones in their body. Hormone replacement therapy is mostly administered to women undergoing menopausal phase. The hormones which are administered to patients are mostly Estrogen also supplemented by progesterone and testosterone. The modes of administration are oral tablets, implants, patches, vaginal creams etc.
Over the years, I have counseled thousands of women who are experiencing menopause. Menopause is a time when the ovaries reduce the production of estrogen and progesterone. This change may bring with it common physical side effects such as hot flashes, insomnia, depression, anxiety, fatigue, thinning hair, aching joints and muscles, vaginal dryness and others.. Doctors have many women on hormone replacement therapy (HRT), a combination of estrogen and progestin (synthetic progesterone). It was thought that this combination of hormones would ease hot flashes and insomnia, and would help preserve bone strength, mental acuity and heart health. Unfortunately, most people dont bother to read the fine print on the risks of taking synthetic hormones.. The Womens Health Inititative, a federally funded clinical trial, showed that taking estrogen and progestin together, for more than a few years, actually increases a womans risk of developing potentially deadly cardiovascular problems and invasive ...
Author: Beshay Sarah M,Rivera Gerard,Balthasar Jan,Florea Naomi, Year: 2015, Abstract: Hormone replacement therapy compounding is an important practice in the field of pharmacy. The efficacy and clinical value of its use have sometimes been controversial in the current literature. This study focused on providing a summary review of some of the literature regarding clinical and therapeutic value of the commonly used ingredients in hormone replacement therapy compounds, to include progesterone, pregnenolone, estrogen, dehydroepiandrosterone, and testosterone.
Integrated approach to wellness inclusive of nutritional needs, dietary supplements and hormone replacement. HGH therapy, Testosterone therapy, and bio-identical hormone replacement therapy. The most effective anti-aging therapy with the most positive and beneficial results. HGH and Testosterone therapy can greatly improve your quality of life. Anti-aging Therapy, Health and Wellness, minimize weight gain, maximise muscle retension, increase sex drive.
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Hormone Replacement Compounding Natural vs. Synthetic Who Needs Hormone Replacement Compounding HRT HRT Benefits Understanding Human Hormones HRT and Health Risks How Do You Get HRT Hormone Symptoms Key Medical History Form Hormone Replacement Therapy Natural vs. Synthetic Bio-identical hormones are plant derived hormones from precursors found in wild yam or soybean. They are modified in a…
When prescribed and monitored in proper doses by a trained physician, yes, peptides are perfectly safe. They are naturally produced by the human body. As we age, the production of peptides and certain hormones begins to taper off. Many adults begin feeling the effects as early as their twenties. The signs of aging begin to set in, becoming more noticeable as we age. By the time many adults are in their early thirties, they begin to slow down, just when they should be coming into their prime. The use of Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy can increase vitality, impact weight loss, stamina and even the sex drive. Are peptides safe? When properly administered, yes. And they are an important tool in the fight against the aging process.. If youre interested in Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy, come visit us at one of our locations in Mt. Pleasant, Summerville, or North Charleston. Give us a call today at (843) 936-6451 to schedule a consultation.. ...
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Assessing benefits and risks of estrogen and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women has been a long story with conflicting results and major changes in paradigms.1,2 Observational studies had consistently demonstrated a reduction in mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence in women on hormone replacement therapy compared to postmenopausal women not on replacement therapy. However, randomized trials have resulted in great disappointment because hormone replacement therapy for primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic disease were mostly associated with more risk (thromboembolism, malignancies, stroke) than benefit.1,3,4 However, the estrogen story has not been buried because of convincing preclinical data demonstrating a wide variety of cardiovasculoprotective action of estrogens.5 Among others, estrogen has major impact on the endothelium. The integrity of the endothelium effectively prevents atherosclerotic lesion formation and progression and has therefore come ...
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women in the UK, with about 6700 developing the malignancy and 4600 dying from it every year. However, there is limited information about the risk of ovarian cancer associated with the use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT). METHODS: 948,576 postmenopausal women from the UK Million Women Study who did not have previous cancer or bilateral oophorectomy were followed-up for an average of 5.3 years for incident ovarian cancer and 6.9 years for death. Information on HRT use was obtained at recruitment and updated where possible. Relative risks for ovarian cancer were calculated, stratified by age and hysterectomy status, and adjusted by area of residence, socioeconomic group, time since menopause, parity, body-mass index, alcohol consumption, and use of oral contraceptives. FINDINGS: When they last reported HRT use, 287,143 women (30%) were current users and 186 751 (20%) were past users. During follow-up, 2273 incident ovarian cancers and
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment for women who have reached or passed menopause, which often is referred to as the change of life. HRT involves taking small doses of one or two female hormones, estrogen and progesterone.Around age 50, a womans menstrual periods become less frequent. Menopause is the point at which they stop altogether.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Changes in Fertility and Hormone Replacement Therapy in Kidney Disease. AU - Holley, Jean L.. AU - Schmidt, Rebecca J.. PY - 2013/5/1. Y1 - 2013/5/1. N2 - Infertility is common among men and women with CKD and fertility is usually restored with successful kidney transplantation. There are many causes of infertility in those on dialysis, including sexual dysfunction and impaired spermatogenesis and ovulation resulting from an altered hormonal milieu. There is little information about infertility in CKD, but it is clear that ESRD results in low rates of pregnancy in women. Early reports of increased pregnancy rates in women on nocturnal hemodialysis suggest that this modality may improve the abnormal reproductive hormonal milieu of ESRD; small studies of men on dialysis also suggest this. Just as the specific causes of infertility in men and women with CKD/ESRD are unknown, we also lack information about the appropriateness of hormone replacement in these patients. This paper ...
The role of androgens in menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is an area of great controversy. Clinicians range in opinion from those who believe adding androgens is a dangerous and...
Question posted in: cefuroxime, hormone replacement, antibiotics - Additional details: I started hormone replacement therapy and a few weeks later ...
OMICS Journals Press Releases, Recent News: The Effect of Testosterone Replacement Therapy on Glycemic Control in Hypogonadal Men with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Part 3. Effect of Testosterone Replacement Therapy on Prostate Tissue in Men with Late-Onset Hypogonadism by Dr. Leonard S Follow this link: Part 3:
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Fracture risk in adult patients treated with growth hormone replacement therapy for growth hormone deficiency. T2 - A prospective observational cohort study. AU - Mo, Daojun. AU - Fleseriu, Maria. AU - Qi, Rong. AU - Jia, Nan. AU - Child, Christopher Jeremy. AU - Bouillon, Roger. AU - Hardin, Dana Sue. PY - 2015/5/1. Y1 - 2015/5/1. N2 - Background: To our knowledge, no controlled studies of the effects of long-term growth hormone replacement on fracture risk in adult patients with growth hormone deficiency exist. We assessed the effect of growth hormone treatment on fracture risk in patients with growth hormone deficiency from the international Hypopituitary Control and Complications Study (HypoCCS) surveillance database. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, patients with growth hormone deficiency were analysed from the HypoCCS database of adults with hypopituitarism from the USA, Canada, Japan, and 14 European countries. Patients were eligible if they were aged 18 years or ...
I am seeing more and more forum posts with people in their mid-twenties to mid-thirties asking about how early is too early to go on permanent HRT. They ask the same questions Ive asked, including Am I too young for HRT? and What are my other options?.. The sad thing is that nobody has any answers for them, including myself. I am 33 now. I was on TRT when I was 32. I have secondary hypogonadism. I am not currently taking testosterone replacement because Im trying all other options first. Ive tried HCG. Ive tried natural testosterone boosters like tribulus. Ive tried cutting off all estrogen using Arimidex. Nothing has worked so far. I am facing the daunting idea of spending 3/4 of my lifetime on permanent testosterone replacement therapy (TRT).. The bodybuilding forums are full of people saying they dont see the problem with it. They think we should all just go on HRT for life and not worry about it. But nobody has done any real long-term (30-40 years) studies on the effects of hormone ...
The treatments didnt significantly improve energy or walking distance in people analyzed for those problems, according to the results in the New England Journal of Medicine. They uncovered the event testosterone therapy side effects depression, simply click the following webpage, rate at three years was low in both the treated group at 5.5 percent and in the untreated group at 6.7 percent, suggesting a possible cardiovascular benefit of testosterone replacement therapy on first evaluation. There are many bothersome effects of aging that demand the usage of Hormone Therapy Boca Raton to correct them ...
TRT Man. I started testosterone replacement therapy at age 31 after being diagnosed with secondary hypogonadism. Researching hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with testosterone was difficult because all of the info was for women or bodybuilders. So I decided to create a site for average guys looking into TRT.. ...
Androgen deficiency arises through abnormal levels of testosterone with increasing age, which leads to the onset of cardiac problems that may not be life threatening but significantly affect quality of life. A new investigation by scientists of the United Nations revealed the significant association between testosterone replacement therapy with cardiovascular events in men with androgen deficiency.
Testosterone replacement therapy, also called androgen replacement therapy, is approved to treat male hypogonadism (low in addition, a clinical trial found one year of testosterone treatment in men ag.
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Testosterone Replacement Therapy can help women beat menopause or reduce the negative consequences. Testosterone therapy may be possible alternative for HRT.
Testosterone therapy - or testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) - is the ideal andropause treatment solution and may even prolong your life by reducing the severity of certain age-related conditions like diabetes.
A variety of methods for testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) exist, and the major potential risks of TRT have been well established. The risk of developing polycythemia secondary to exogenous testosterone (T) has been reported to range from 0.4% to 40%. Implantable T pellets have been used since 1972, and secondary polycythemia has been reported to be as low as 0.4% with this administration modality. However, our experience has suggested a higher rate. We conducted an institutional review board-approved, single-institution, retrospective chart review (2009-2013) to determine the rate of secondary polycythemia in 228 men treated with subcutaneously implanted testosterone pellets ...
Over the last few months Ive experienced the amazing benefits of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) and its changed my life. Here are my experiences.
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It depends why you are using the t gel in the first place I suppose. Testosterone replacement therapy inhibits sperm production, so this may explain your zero SA. My hubby has requested a biopsy ( for ongoing fertility treatment) and has been told he needs to be off his gels for 6 months. If it is the TRT causing the azoospermia then they may ask you to come off this and investigate your counts again and propose retrieval prior to starting the TRT again ...
Understanding Doctors Hostility to Testosterone Replacement Therapy.Dr Andrew Rynne.June 2011.Traditionally, doctors resistant to the notion that testosterone ...
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CHICAGO - An Illinois federal judge has refused to dismiss a bellwether testosterone replacement therapy case against Actavis Inc., finding the claims are not preempted because there is no clear evidence that the FDA would have rejected enhanced warnings regarding cardiovascular events. In a Dec. 30 order, Judge Matthew Kennelly of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois further explained that the plaintiff is not seeking to change the drugs design or usurp the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Acts regulatory authority. Minnesota resident Brad Martin alleges his use of Actavis Androderm from October 2012 to May 2013 ...
Results of a retrospective study including a series of post-radical prostatectomy patients with pathology-proven high-risk characteristics provide further insight into the use of testosterone replacement therapy in men with a history of prostate cancer.
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Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT), also known as bioidentical hormone therapy or natural hormone therapy, is the use of hormones that are identical on a molecular level with endogenous hormones in hormone replacement therapy. It may also be combined with blood and saliva testing of hormone levels, and the use of pharmacy compounding to obtain hormones in an effort to reach a targeted level of hormones in the body. A number of claims by some proponents of bioidentical hormone replacement therapy have not been definitively established through scientific testing. Specific hormones used in BHT include estrone, estradiol, progesterone (which are available both in FDA-approved manufactured products and as pharmacy-compounded products), testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) (both testosterone and DHEA have some stringent limits placed on their availability and approval in Canada and the United States), and estriol (which is available in Europe but is not approved in Canada and the ...
Dr. Joe Sciabarrassi, a holistic doctor in Los Angeles, California, has announced that bioidentical hormones replacement therapy is available to all Los Angeles patients. This is also known as natural hormone therapy and it is different from the conventional hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in that bioidentical hormones are used. While the hormones used in traditional HRT are made from the urine of pregnant horses and other synthetic hormones, the bioidentical hormones are identical chemically to the hormones produced by the human body and are made from plant estrogens.. Dr. Joe Sciabarrassi says, For women struggling with loss of vitality, sleep disruption, hair thinning, emotional reactivity and sensitivity, loss of libido, getting up at night to use the bathroom, night sweats, day sweats, hot flashes, dry and painful intercourse, tired all the time, negative outlook, bone loss, aging skin and increasing weight that doesnt respond to diet and exercise, bioidentical hormone replacement ...
TUESDAY, Oct. 6, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Hormone replacement therapy may be good for a womans kidneys, a preliminary study suggests.. The risks and benefits of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women are still an area of active debate, and the effect of hormone replacement therapy on the kidney has shown variable results, said study author Dr. Andrea Kattah of the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.. Her study compared nearly 700 older women taking hormone replacements with more than 1,500 who were not.. Rates of two indicators of kidney disease -- microalbuminuria and decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate -- were much lower in the women taking hormone replacements, the study found.. Microalbuminuria occurs with higher-than-normal levels of a protein called albumin in urine that could be a sign of kidney damage.. After they adjusted for known kidney and heart disease risk factors, the researchers found that hormone replacement was still strongly associated with lower rates of ...
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Body Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy is one of the most generally identified treatments for male menopause.. It is considered that herbs like Indian ginseng named Ashwagandha are also influential in handling andropause and an optimal diet. A diet rich in protein and omega-three also helps in the production of testosterone.. If testosterone levels are below, testosterone replacement therapy may help alleviate such symptoms as lack of interest in physical intercourse (diminished libido), depression, and fatigue. As with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in women, testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) has potential hazards and side effects. Restoring testosterone may worsen prostate cancer, for instance.. Taking Cenforce 100 and Super P Force (For PE also) help you to Battle against Erectile issues and help testosterone Levels.. However, to reverse the decline in testosterone levels, I will recommend specific lifestyle changes. It could be a combination of an exercise program and dietary ...
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on lipid metabolism, glycemic control, total body and central abdominal fat, blood pressure (BP), and arterial pulse wave velocity (APWV) in overweight postmenopausal females with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a 12-month prospective study of 14 subjects (mean +/- SD age 57.5+/-5.6 years, BMI 29.5+/-4.8 kg/m2) randomized to 6 months of observation or HRT before crossover. HRT consisted of 2 months of conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) 0.625 mg daily, followed by 4 months CEE and medroxyprogesterone 5 mg daily. Measures included anthropometry, fasting glucose, insulin, HbA1c, total and HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, LDL particle size, nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), sex hormone-binding globulin, resting energy expenditure (REE), total and central abdominal fat (by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), resting BP, APWV (by applanation tonometry), physical activity, well-being, and sexual function
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article{f750d13e-8dda-43ae-917d-eb79d117c2b9, abstract = {Objectives: Reports suggest that combined estrogen plus progestin hormone replacement therapy (HRT) confers a higher breast cancer risk than estrogen alone. We aimed to establish whether breast cancer risk depends on the type of HRT formula. Methods: The cohort consisted of 6586 women, aged 50 - 64 years, from the Lund area, Sweden, with no reported breast cancer upon inclusion. We obtained information such as HRT use through a questionnaire between December 1995 and February 2000. New breast cancers were identified through the South Swedish tumor registry. Results: Between inclusion and December 2001, 101 women developed breast cancer. Only ever use of the continuous combined estrogen plus progestin ( CCEP) formula differed between cases and controls (45.2% versus 23.5%; p = 0.000001). Compared with never users, exclusive CCEP users had the highest age-adjusted hazard ratio HR 3.3 (95% CI: 1.9 - 5.6; p < 0.001), followed by users of ...
Testosterone Replacement Therapy. Even though there are a lot of people who arent mindful of testosterone replacement therapy or TRT for short, it doesnt become a hindrance for it to become popular. There is a big volume of Google searches dedicated to it and also, a little bit of exposure to media, which targets male demographics. The surge in popularity of TRT has numerous adults become so curious with its meaning.. As you read the next paragraphs, we will try to give clarification on its true meaning as well as its relevance.. TRT as its known is a kind of hormone replacement therapy that is dealing with testosterone and involves the increase of T level of a man by applying testosterone to their blood stream. Among the frequent candidates for this therapy are those who are suspecting themselves to have deficiency in it. Even though theres not a universal accepted figure that indicates what an abnormal and low testosterone is, majority of the physicians agree that normal level range from ...
... (HRT), also known as menopausal hormone therapy or postmenopausal hormone therapy, is a form of ... Hormone therapy Androgen replacement therapy Transgender hormone therapy Stuenkel CA, Davis SR, Gompel A, Lumsden MA, Murad MH ... Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy and Synthetic Conjugated Equine Estrogen and/or Progestin Hormone Replacement Therapy ... and is similarly not recommended in menopausal hormone therapy. Bioidentical hormone therapy (BHT) is the usage of hormones ...
... (BHRT), also known as bioidentical hormone therapy (BHT) or natural hormone therapy, ... regarding hormone replacement therapy. There is no single definition for the term bioidentical hormone replacement therapy; it ... "Is Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy Safer than Traditional Hormone Replacement Therapy?: A Critical Appraisal of ... is the use of hormones that are identical on a molecular level with endogenous hormones in hormone replacement therapy. It may ...
Transgender portal Menopausal hormone therapy Androgen replacement therapy Masculinizing hormone therapy Hembree WC, Cohen- ... Feminizing hormone therapy, also known as transfeminine hormone therapy, is hormone therapy and sex reassignment therapy to ... It is a common type of transgender hormone therapy (another being masculinizing hormone therapy) and is used to treat ... The psychological effects of feminizing hormone therapy are harder to define than physical changes. Because hormone therapy is ...
Heart and Estrogen/Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) Hormone replacement therapy After Breast cancer - Is iT Safe? (HABITS) ... Mueck AO, Rabe T, Kiesel L, Strowitzki T (October 2007). "The use of hormone replacement therapy in patients after breast ... Cagnacci A, Venier M (September 2019). "The Controversial History of Hormone Replacement Therapy". Medicina. 55 (9): 602. doi: ... Lobo RA (April 2017). "Hormone-replacement therapy: current thinking". Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 13 (4): 220-231. doi: ...
Meikle AW (1 June 1999). Hormone Replacement Therapy. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 383-. ISBN 978-1-59259-700-0. ... Kubíková D (2014). "[Menopausal symptoms and hormone replacement therapy]" (PDF). Praktické Lékárenství. 10 (2): 68-73. " ... "Bioavailability of orally administered sex steroids used in oral contraception and hormone replacement therapy". Contraception ... with levonorgestrel in the form of a skin patch is used under the brand name Climara Pro for hormone replacement therapy in ...
"Hormone Replacement Therapy , Endocrinologist Marina Johnson MD". Dr. Marina Johnson - The Institute of Endocrinology and ...
206-. ISBN 978-0-471-89979-2. A. Wayne Meikle (1 June 1999). Hormone Replacement Therapy. Springer Science & Business Media. pp ... Because of its reduced androgenic effects, the drug has not generally been used in androgen replacement therapy for androgen ... v t e Hormone levels with nandrolone esters by intramuscular injection Nandrolone levels after a single 50, 100, or 150 mg ... NPP has been used mainly in the treatment of advanced breast cancer in women and as an adjunct therapy for the treatment of ...
204-. ISBN 978-3-11-085727-6. A. Wayne Meikle (1 June 1999). Hormone Replacement Therapy. Springer Science & Business Media. pp ... Quinestrol has been used as the estrogen component in menopausal hormone therapy and in combined hormonal birth control. It has ... is an estrogen medication which has been used in menopausal hormone therapy, hormonal birth control, and to treat breast cancer ... Kopera H (1991). "Hormone der Gonaden". Hormonelle Therapie für die Frau. Kliniktaschenbücher. pp. 59-124. doi:10.1007/978-3- ...
ISBN 978-0-7817-1750-2. A. Wayne Meikle (1 June 1999). Hormone Replacement Therapy. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 271 ... Nandrolone esters can be used as a form of androgen replacement therapy for treatment of androgen deficiency in men. However, ... Abraham D, Carpenter PC (1997). "Issues concerning androgen replacement therapy in postmenopausal women". Mayo Clin. Proc. 72 ( ... A. Wayne Meikle (24 April 2003). Endocrine Replacement Therapy in Clinical Practice. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 519 ...
Cyclical hormone replacement therapy. The following protocols have shown promise: high dose gonadoropins, flare up GnRH-a ... Dragojević-Dikić S, Rakić S, Nikolić B, Popovac S (December 2009). "Hormone replacement therapy and successful pregnancy in a ... pentoxifylline-tocopherol treatment in women with premature ovarian failure who are resistant to hormone replacement therapy". ... It is usually accompanied by high FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) levels. Quality of the eggs may also be impaired. However ...
Lichtman, R. (1996-02-01). "Perimenopausal and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. Part 1. An update of the literature ... LICHTMAN, R (1996). "Perimenopausal and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy Part 1. An update of the literature on ... Lichtman, Ronnie (1991-01-02). "Perimenopausal Hormone Replacement Therapy". Journal of Nurse-Midwifery. 36 (1): 30-48. doi: ... Lichtman, Ronnie (1991-01-01). "Perimenopausal hormone replacement therapy: Review of the literature". Journal of Nurse- ...
Hodis HN, Mack WJ (July 2014). "Hormone replacement therapy and the association with coronary heart disease and overall ... Gordon JL, Girdler SS (December 2014). "Hormone replacement therapy in the treatment of perimenopausal depression". Curr ... hypothesis for menopausal hormone therapy is a scientific theory that the benefits and risks of menopausal hormone therapy vary ... It is thought that the increase in breast cancer risk may be greater in women who start hormone therapy in early menopause but ...
"Dydrogesterone/Estradiol Hormone Replacement Therapy". National Health Service. 16 August 2018. Trivedi P, Selvaraj K, ... A review of their combined use as hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women". Drugs & Aging. 11 (4): 309-32. doi: ... Mueck AO, Seeger H, Bühling KJ (December 2009). "Use of dydrogesterone in hormone replacement therapy". Maturitas. 65 Suppl 1: ... Mueck AO, Seeger H, Bühling KJ (December 2009). "Use of dydrogesterone in hormone replacement therapy". Maturitas. 65 Suppl 1: ...
Samsioe, Göran; Dören, Martina; Lobo, Rogerio A (2006). "Hormone replacement therapy - the agents". Women's Health Medicine. 3 ... "Relationship between allopregnanolone and negative mood in postmenopausal women taking sequential hormone replacement therapy ... Short-term therapy with 300 mg/day oral progesterone had no effect on luteinizing hormone pulse frequency in women. Treatment ... Kopernik G, Shoham Z (June 2004). "Tools for making correct decisions regarding hormone therapy. Part II. Organ response and ...
... the hormone replacement therapy testosterone; and nicotine as a smoking cessation aid were commercially available in buccal ...
"Hormone Replacement Therapy (Risks and Benefits). HRT". Retrieved 2020-12-18. Bakalov, Vladimir K.; Anasti, James ... A few risk factors associated with the hormone replacement therapies are: breast cancer, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer ... However, affected women are usually started on hormone replacement therapies, or corticosteroids to achieve immunosuppression. ... The study suggests treatment of MG including thymectomy could cure ovarian failure and hormonal therapy may not be necessary. ...
"Compounding for Hormone Replacement Therapy" (PDF). ACA. Retrieved 2 May 2017.[permanent dead link] "HIV Pharmacy ... "Compounding for Hormone Replacement Therapy," a 15-hour continuing education program aimed at helping pharmacists provide ... compounded hormone replacement therapy. Other courses are offered as well through their online portal. The ACA is responsible ...
... hormone replacement therapy in early May....You can call me Lucy (but I won't freak out if you misgender me) and my pronoun, ...
Somers supports bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. Her book, Ageless, includes interviews with 16 practitioners of ... about bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. She has released two autobiographies, four diet books, and a book of poetry. ... A group of seven doctors, all of whom utilize bioidentical hormone therapies to address health issues in women, issued a public ... The use of bioidentical hormone therapies is a very controversial area of medicine; its efficacy has never been tested and ...
He began hormone replacement therapy in 2015. He is also an Odawa Native American. As of 2021, he resides in Berlin, Germany. ...
In 2010 he began hormone replacement therapy. Silveira founded The Cliks in 2004 alongside Ezri Kaysen and Heidi Chan. While ... When his hormone replacement therapy began in 2010, viewers both began asking for recordings of the covers as well as asking ...
Pharmaceutical hormones such as hormone replacement therapy; certain flame retardants used in furniture; a chemical used in ... Silent Spring began by investigating the links between hormone disruptors and human health among women on Cape Cod. The study, ... of chemicals known as emerging contaminants and have visited scores of Cape homes to measure for the presence of hormone- ...
... in contrast with hormone replacement therapy, which encourages hormone activity. The suppression of certain hormones can be ... Most antihormone therapies are administered by pill for 5 to 10 years after surgery. Hormone replacement therapy began in the ... "Hormone Therapies for Breast Cancer Treatment". Susan G. Komen®. Retrieved 2021-04-22. "Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer , ... Antihormone therapy is a type of hormone therapy that suppresses selected hormones or their effects, ...
"Erik Coleman , Hormone Replacement Therapy clinic of New York". Hormone Replacement Therapy clinic of New York. Retrieved 25 ...
Renard started hormone replacement therapy soon after. She completed her physical transition 18 months later in 1984. Renard ...
Raci is on hormone replacement therapy (HRT). She wants to be seen as normal girl, and is reluctant to reveal that she is a ... He has not yet started hormone replacement therapy, and is cautious about it. Lucas' parents are divorced; his mother and ...
Beral, V.; Banks, E.; Reeves, G.; Bull, D. (2003). "Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the Million Women Study". ... Beral, V.; Million Women Study, C.; Bull, D.; Green, J.; Reeves, G. (2007). "Ovarian cancer and hormone replacement therapy in ... Beral, V.; Bull, D.; Reeves, G.; Million Women Study, C. (2005). "Endometrial cancer and hormone-replacement therapy in the ... Gray, S. (2003). "Breast cancer and hormone-replacement therapy: The Million Women Study". The Lancet. 362 (9392): 1332. doi: ...
He began hormone replacement therapy in 1975. He has been active in transsexual and transgender communities since the age of ...
The most general classes of hormone therapy are oncologic hormone therapy, hormone replacement therapy (for menopause), ... and transgender hormone therapy. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also known as menopausal hormone therapy (MHT), is for ... feminizing hormone therapy and masculinizing hormone therapy. Feminizing hormone therapy in sex reassignment therapy for ... Hormone therapy or hormonal therapy is the use of hormones in medical treatment. Treatment with hormone antagonists may also be ...
Transgender portal Medicine portal Androgen replacement therapy "Overview of masculinizing hormone therapy , Gender Affirming ... Masculinizing hormone therapy, also known as transmasculine hormone therapy, or female-to-male (or FTM) hormone therapy, is a ... It is a common type of transgender hormone therapy (another being feminizing hormone therapy), and is predominantly used to ... Masculinizing hormone therapy has been shown to likely reduce the distress and discomfort associated with gender dysphoria. To ...
... and hormone replacement therapy use and cervical carcinogenesis: a review of the literature". Gynecological Endocrinology. 27 ( ... can be treated with radical hysterectomy with removal of the lymph nodes or radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is given as ... Larger early-stage tumors (IB2 and IIA more than 4 cm) may be treated with radiation therapy and cisplatin-based chemotherapy, ... Einhorn N, Tropé C, Ridderheim M, Boman K, Sorbe B, Cavallin-Ståhl E (2003). "A systematic overview of radiation therapy ...
... physician and research pioneer in the fields of hormone replacement therapy and sexology; co-author (with Virginia E. Johnson) ...
They are given a hormone called hydrocortisone, a form of hormone replacement therapy, with the objective to induce puberty. ... surgical opportunities and hormone replacement therapy in the course of puberty. There are other factors considered during this ... Base testosterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH) levels are precursors in individuals with 46 ... hormone therapy). Infants born with atypical genitalia often cause confusion and distress for the family. Psychosexual ...
An IVF technique known as mitochondrial donation or mitochondrial replacement therapy (MRT) results in offspring containing ... As demonstrated by the effect of the trophic hormone ACTH on adrenal cortex cells, the expression of the mitochondrial genes ... Presently, gene therapy and nutraceutical supplementation are popular areas of ongoing research. Bjelakovic et al. analyzed the ... Taylor RW (February 2005). "Gene therapy for the treatment of mitochondrial DNA disorders". Expert Opinion on Biological ...
... reportedly the only clinic in the UAE to offer Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT), and the first clinic in the ... he questions the use of synthetic or artificial hormones as replacement therapy. Promoting a holistic approach to living and to ...
... levothyroxine therapy should not be initiated at the full replacement dose. Since thyroid hormone increases the heart's oxygen ... As such, thyroid replacement therapy is usually taken 30 minutes prior to eating in the morning. For patients with trouble ... McAninch EA, Rajan KB, Miller CH, Bianco AC (August 2018). "Systemic Thyroid Hormone Status During Levothyroxine Therapy In ... Only free hormone is metabolically active. The primary pathway of thyroid hormone metabolism is through sequential deiodination ...
Despite hormone replacement therapy, the surgery brought on premature menopause. "I choose not to keep my story private because ...
PE3P has been used at a dosage of 40 to 80 mg by intramuscular injection once every 4 to 8 weeks in menopausal hormone therapy ... Indications/Usage: Menopausal symptoms; postmenopausal symptoms; posthysterectomy symptoms; estrogen replacement. How Supplied ... is an estrogen medication which was previously used in menopausal hormone therapy (i.e., to treat menopausal symptoms in ... A. Saure (11 November 2013). Die Wechseljahre der Frau: Hormone - Präparate - Therapien. Springer-Verlag. pp. 156-. ISBN 978-3- ...
In fact, esterification involves the replacement of a hydroxyl group with an alkoxy group, and unlike estradiol and ... Weber, Georg F. (22 July 2015). Molecular Therapies of Cancer. Springer. pp. 316-. ISBN 978-3-319-13278-5. Roberts, Stanley M ... an endogenous sex hormone. Esterification is frequently employed to improve the pharmacokinetics of steroids, including oral ...
... hormone replacement therapies, alternative therapies, effective life-style modifications, non-hormonal midlife changes, and the ... Kelland, Kate (20 December 2011). "DHEA hormone may help women through menopause: study". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-10-27. "IMS ...
In addition to N-terminus binding, it has also been hypothesized that replacement of Fe2+ by Co2+ in the hydroxylase active ... EPO was first developed to counteract the effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer patients. EPO also ... Erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein hormone produced by the interstitial fibroblasts in the kidney that signal for ... in combination with cobalt chloride/desferrioxamine stimulate and de-regulate the natural production of erythropoietin hormone ...
... see the androgen replacement therapy and anabolic steroid articles. The main subset of androgens, known as adrenal androgens, ... This action of androgens is supported by a hormone from Sertoli cells, Müllerian inhibitory hormone (MIH), which prevents the ... Before the production of the pituitary hormone luteinizing hormone (LH) by the embryo starting at about weeks 11-12, human ... Hormones of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad axis, Sex hormones). ...
This data suggests that there may be a hormonal component and a hormone-gene interaction effect that may contribute to ... One study by Karen Overall discovered that by combining behavioral therapy with the more effective clomipramine, the symptoms ... protein levels decreased in mice that did not produce estrogen and increased in the hypothalamus after estrogen-replacement ... Cortisol levels rise with age and hippocampal cells express fewer hormone receptors on their surface to protect themselves from ...
... as a way to replace unhealthy medical treatment like hormone replacement therapy in what she called Humor Replacement Therapy, ...
These hormones target the sexual organs and begin their maturation. Increasing levels of androgen and estrogen have an effect ... below the natural replacement and the third lowest in independent countries of the Americas, after Canada and Cuba. A 2013 ... Therapy. 42 (1-2): 195-209. doi:10.1300/J015v24n01_21. S2CID 142540904. Stone, Nicole; Hatherall, Bethan; Ingham, Roger; ... Subsequent sexual behavior starts with the secretion of hormones from the hypothalamus and anterior pituitary gland. ...
... which was critical of hormone replacement therapy. Of HRT she has said, "Hormone Replacement Therapy is a misnomer: they are ... What Every Woman Should Know About Hormone Replacement Therapy. Lorraine Rothman and Marcia Wexler. Feminist Health Press, 1999 ... What Every Woman Should Know About Hormone Replacement Therapy," ... our bodies continue to make enough hormones during and after ... not hormones (they are drugs made synthetically in the laboratory), they are not replacing anything ( ...
He stated the drug was to help with his hormone replacement therapy, needed due to his use of steroids. On November 4, 2008, ...
Other treatments may include a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy. Tumors limited to ... The study concluded that PSMA PET/CT is a suitable replacement for conventional imaging. Sclerosis of the bones of the thoracic ... Non-surgical treatment may involve radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, external beam radiation therapy, and ... "Hormone Therapy for Breast Cancer , Breast Cancer Treatment". Retrieved 2022-04-28. Hammerstrom AE, Cauley DH, ...
Convert to oral replacement therapy as soon as the patient is able to take medication by mouth Patients should be transitioned ... Endocrine Hyperglycemia: Catecholamines prevent the secretion of insulin - a hormone responsible for lowering the body's blood ... Response to therapy is measured by a reduction in total tumor volume as well as symptomatic relief, reported by the patient. A ... As MIBG therapy can destroy the thyroid, protective medications (potassium iodide) are started prior to treatment and need to ...
... but is still controversial due to potential confounds of hormone replacement therapy. The Sexual Brain In their study, Byne et ... Hormones and Behavior. 40 (2): 86-92. doi:10.1006/hbeh.2001.1680. PMID 11534967. S2CID 3175414. Simon LeVay (2011). Gay, ...
He has been criticized in the media for his controversial views on topics like bioidentical hormone replacement therapy and ... safer or more efficacious than commonly used synthetic versions in hormone replacement therapy?". Postgraduate Medicine. 121 (1 ... Gardner, Amanda (2009-01-30). "The Truth About 'Bio-identical' Hormone Therapy". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved 2011-11-26 ... Robert W. Griffith, MD (2009-12-21). "Saturday Quack - Bio-Identical Hormone Therapy". Archived from the ...
Watkins, Elizabeth Siegel (2007). The Estrogen Elixir: A History of Hormone Replacement Therapy in America. Baltimore: Johns ... Robinson, Roger W (1958). "Estrogen Replacement Therapy in women with coronary atherosclerosis". Annals of Internal Medicine. ... His research led to the identification of lipid-lowering effects of the female hormone estrogen and he performed the earliest ... Robinson, Roger W (1956). "Effects of Estrogen Therapy on Hormonal Functions and Serum Lipids in Men with Coronary ...
... replacement by radioactive phosphate groups) in order to measure the presence of the labeled DNA through further steps in the ... and after six months of hormone treated metastatic prostate cancer was shown to predict the survival of patients. Leukocyte ... a genetic disorder Women receiving estrogen therapy for menopausal symptoms[citation needed] Estrogen-containing oral ...
... is used in androgen replacement therapy. It is specifically approved only for the treatment of ... including hormone therapy for transgender men. It is taken by mouth or given by injection into muscle. Side effects of ... for Testosterone Replacement Therapy in Certain Adult Men". Archived from the original on 19 February ... which make it useful for producing masculinization and suitable for androgen replacement therapy. Testosterone undecanoate is a ...
... without being required to prove hormone replacement therapy, undergo sex reassignment surgery or any medical requirements. ... No surgeries, hormone therapy or judicial order are required, nevertheless, a psychological examination attesting that the ... "Argentina OKs transgender rights: ID changes, sex-change operations and hormone therapy". The Washington Post. 9 May 2012. ... hormone therapy or any form of diagnosis are not requirements to alter one's gender on official documents. In India, the ...
... , also called hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or gender-affirming hormone therapy (GAHT), is a ... "Hormone therapy in transgender adults is safe with provider supervision; A review of hormone therapy sequelae for transgender ... and hormone therapy ("HRT" or gender-affirming hormone therapy) may be a part of that. Some transgender people choose to self- ... Unlike feminizing hormone therapy, individuals undergoing masculinizing hormone therapy do not usually require additional ...
Apothecary - the ancestral practitioner of compounding, and his shop Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy - Compounding is ... Many types of bioidentical hormone replacement therapy Patients who require multiple medications combined in various doses In ... Boothby LA, Doering PL (August 2008). "Bioidentical hormone therapy: a panacea that lacks supportive evidence". Curr. Opin. ... In non-sterile compounding, a powder containment hood is required when any hazardous material (e.g. hormones) are prepared or ...
"Novel perspectives for progesterone in hormone replacement therapy, with special reference to the nervous system". Endocr. Rev ... Hormone therapy. [...] Oestrogens may cause breast hypertrophy, testicular atrophy, osteoporosis (oral ethinyl oestradiol 0.01- ... Testosterone therapy increases sexual desire and arousal in transgender men. Estradiol and antiandrogen therapy decreases ... Wallen K (2001). "Sex and context: hormones and primate sexual motivation". Hormones and Behavior. 40 (2): 339-57. CiteSeerX ...
This study shows that in the future it could be possible to produce artificial penises for replacement surgeries or ... "Hormone Hell". DISCOVER. Retrieved 2008-04-05. Brown, Clarence William (February 13, 2014). "Pearly Penile Papules: ... Sparling J (1997). "Penile erections: shape, angle, and length". Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy. 23 (3): 195-207. doi:10.1080 ... hormone fluctuations, nervousness, and undressing in a nonsexual situation. It is also normal for erections to occur during ...
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can relieve menopause symptoms. Risks include breast cancer and stroke. Certain types of HRT ... Hormone Replacement Therapy Also called: ERT, Estrogen replacement therapy, HRT, Menopausal hormone therapy ... Other women take hormone replacement therapy (HRT), also called menopausal hormone therapy, to relieve these symptoms. HRT may ... Estrogen Replacement Therapy (National Institutes of Health) * Hormone Replacement Therapy (National ...
... involves the administration of synthetic estrogen and progestogen to replace a womans depleting hormone levels and thus ... When is menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) indicated?. What is the role of menopausal hormone replacement therapy ( ... How does menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) affect breast cancer risk?. Which menopausal hormone replacement therapy ... How is menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) administered?. When is menopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) ...
... is just a way of life for millions of women. If you think that you may be a candidate for hormone ... Hormone replacement therapy or HRT increases the estrogen and progestin levels in your body. There are numerous options ... If you think that you may be experiencing menopause you should discuss this with your doctor and ask about hormone replacement ... available to you for hormone replacement therapy, including continuous and cyclic along with higher-dose and low-dose. ...
Search for Anti-Aging information and Medical News in Hormone Replacement Therapy within the Longevity and Age Management ... Search for Anti-Aging information and Medical News in Hormone Replacement Therapy within the Longevity and Age Management ... NAMS Releases New Guidelines for Hormone Therapy. *"remains the most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms and the ... NAMS Releases New Guidelines for Hormone Therapy. *"remains the most effective treatment for vasomotor symptoms and the ...
... clinical preventive service recommendation on hormone replacement therapy. ... Hormone Replacement Therapy. The AAFP supports the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) clinical preventive service ...
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... Maturitas. 1999 Oct 24;33(2):107-15. doi: 10.1016/ ... Objectives: we analyzed the determinants of hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) use in Italy for the period 1992-1996, using ... This group comprised women with acute, non neoplastic, non-hormone-related diseases admitted to a network of hospitals in six ...
Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy may improve your hormone balance, increase your libido, and ... What are Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy?. Hormone Replacement Therapy replaces deficient or ... some people consider Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy to improve their hormone balance, ... Where to Get Online Hormone Replacement Therapy & Testosterone Replacement Therapy. Oct 31, 2022 09:55 AM By Arianna Rodriguez ...
The global hormone replacement therapy market size reached US$ 8.6 Billion in 2022. The market expects to reach US$ 12.4 ... Other types include human growth hormone replacement therapy, testosterone replacement therapy, thyroid replacement therapy and ... human growth hormone replacement therapy, thyroid replacement therapy, testosterone replacement therapy, and others. Among ... Figure 8: Global: Hormone Replacement Therapy Industry: SWOT Analysis. Figure 9: Global: Hormone Replacement Therapy Industry: ...
... compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy was to determine if compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy ... purpose of this study was to compare the symptom relief and tolerability of compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy ... compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy was to determine if compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy ... Satisfaction of Patients Using Bioidentical Hormones for Hormone Replacement Therapy. Santoro Filippo Sep/Oct 2002. 378. Buy. ...
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is medicine used to treat menopausal symptoms. Find information on how HRT is taken, the side ... Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is medicine to treat the symptoms of the menopause. . ... Your body stops making a hormone called oestrogen when you go through the menopause, or if you have surgery to remove your ... You might have heard of bioidentical or natural hormones as another option to HRT. These are not used in treatment because ...
... No Electronic Version ... Unknown author (‎1996)‎. Hormone replacement therapy and venous thromboembolism : reports on individual drugs. WHO drug ...
Bioidentical Hormone Therapy Options. There are many delivery methods available for bioidentical hormone replacement therapy ( ... Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy Benefits. Bioidentical hormones are hormones that have the exact same chemical ... How Do You Know if Your Hormone Levels are Unbalanced?. If you are considering hormone replacement therapy (HRT), you may be ... a large study on hormone therapy and womens health, was halted early. a large study on hormone therapy and womens health, was ...
Florida have reported that women taking Hormone Therapy for symptoms of menopause may be at a higher risk of lung cancer. This ... Home Tests And Treatments HRT Risk Of Cancer From Hormone Replacement Therapy ... Non small-cell lung cancer was detected in 96 out of the 8000 women tested using the Hormone Replacement Therapy. Out of the ... Risk Of Cancer From Hormone Replacement Therapy was last modified: February 26th, 2011 by admin2 ...
Bioidenticals â€" a safe, proven alternative to synthetic replacement-hormone therapy 13 years, 8 months ago ... physicians have prescribed synthetic hormone-replacement therapy. And over time, FDA-approved synthetic hormones, specifically ... Hormone Replacement Therapy Longevity and Age Management Womens Health ... And the debate about hormone replacement therapy continues to generate confusion and ignorance. According to Drs. Schwartz, ...
Danish Study Gives a Boost to Hormone Replacement Therapy Timing Hypothesis. Larry Husten, PHD Hormone replacement therapy ( ... hormone replacement therapy. RSS. July 28th, 2014. No Reduction in Atherosclerosis Progression With Menopausal Hormone Therapy ... hormone replacement therapy, menopause, women. October 1st, 2013. Long-Term Study Results Offer Broad Perspective on Hormone ... Tags: estrogen, hormone replacement therapy, HRT, NHLBI, women, Womens Health In. October 10th, 2012. ...
The dying hormones have some months that actually but-out LOL. SO I see HRT in my future when I hit meno. and Im happy for you ... and thats where I am at with the bio hormones. i hope you all find your way through menopause. Ive really had to learn this ... I take bio-identical hormones (bhrt) but stopped taking the estrogen. I gained about 5 pounds in 1-2 weeks on the estrodial. ... maybe consider seeing a womens health dr - someone who prescribes the bio hormones. I dont think a general doctor looks at ...
Read about us in the press and see why Hormone Replacement Therapy To Treat Menopause is always talking about us! ... Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) *Bioidentical Hormones. *Human Growth Hormone. *Hormone Pellet Therapy ...
Biological scientists have introduced the term hormone replacement therapy for balancing different hormones at the time of ... So, HRT replaces these hormones and 12 effectively balances them. So lets explore this hormone replacement therapy introduced ... Why do women prefer Hormone Replacement Therapy?. Undoubtedly, we can say that some women have to face a lot of serious side ... In addition, consult your doctor about hormone replacement therapy. We have discussed the benefits as well as the risk factors ...
Bio-identical hormones replacement market is expected to grow at a CAGR of 5.1% at value of USD 59,298.50 Mn by 2032. Oral ... Bio-identical Hormones Replacement Therapy Market. Bio-identical Hormones Replacement Therapy Market By Administration (Oral, ... Bio-identical Hormones Replacement Therapy Market: Segmentation. The global bio-identical hormones replacement therapy market ... Strategies by Bio-Identical Hormones Replacement Therapy Market Player. The players in the global hormone replacement therapy ...
4 thoughts on "HRT for Menopause Explained - A Quick Guide to Hormone Replacement Therapy" * Vital Life Wellness. says: ... HRT stands for hormone replacement therapy, and while you may only be familiar with HRT as part of the medical transition that ... HRT for Menopause Explained - A Quick Guide to Hormone Replacement Therapy. Menopause , September 12, 2017. , INTIMINA ... Deciding if you want to have hormone replacement therapy is something that most women of a certain age will have at some ...
This study aimed at determination of the risk factors for thyroid hormone replacement following hemithyroidectomy and to ... Risk factors for thyroid hormone replacement therapy after hemithyroidectomy and development of a predictive nomogram ... thyroid hormone replacement were compared to those who developed postoperative hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone replacement ... B.H. Yoon, Y. Lee, H.J. Oh et al., Influence of Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Suppression Therapy on Bone Mineral Density in ...
This article is designed for the transsexual who is looking to get on hormone replacement therapy relatively quickly and easily ... I started my hormone replacement therapy at a clinic using the Tom Waddell system without even being aware of it. I started my ... Having gone through hormone therapy replacement myself, I want to offer some tips for those who are serious about transitioning ... The reason why one would want to get on hormone replacement therapy quickly is to alleviate much of the stress of being in the ...
I manage patients with natural hormones which are botanicals, bioidentical hormones, and synthetic hormones. ... Bioidentical Hormone Therapy has been used since the 1930s to alleviate symptoms caused by hormonal dysfunction including but ... I prefer hormone pellets for men and women who are candidates for two important reasons. The hormone pellet is placed in the ... In 1941, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals received a patent for hormone replacement commonly known as premarin and provera to replace ...
Find and save ideas about hormone replacement therapy on Pinterest. ... Hormone replacement therapy. Discover Pinterests 10 best ideas and inspiration for Hormone replacement therapy. .. Get ... Want to learn about Hormone Therapy? ... Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy - NuFemme Our specialty trained medical staff is here with the latest treatments to ...
What is a hormone replacement therapy?. Hormone replacement therapy is welding used to relieve the symptoms of Menopause, such ... Some tablets for hormone replacement therapy increase the risk of dangerous blood clots. 10/01/2019 Caution when taking pills ... for hormone replacement therapy. Researchers found out now that women taking certain types of tablets for hormone replacement ... The study found that these are the first types of hormone replacement therapy, but only 20 percent of women have this type of ...
... the benefits of hormone replacement therapy must be weighed against the risks. Doctors at the hormone replacement center can ... Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) can help both women and men handle the changes that come with the aging process. Hormone ... There are more than fifty kinds of hormone treatments for men and women. Hormone replacement for women uses female hormones ... Hormone Replacement Therapy Treats Age-Related Health Problems. Posted on February 5, 2017. January 9, 2021. by Adam ...
Genetic modifiers of menopausal hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer risk: a genome-wide interaction study. Endocrine- ... Genetic modifiers of menopausal hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer risk : a genome-wide interaction study. In: ... Dive into the research topics of Genetic modifiers of menopausal hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer risk: a genome- ... Genetic modifiers of menopausal hormone replacement therapy and breast cancer risk : a genome-wide interaction study. / Rudolph ...
Diet, lifestyle and environmental toxins can also affect estrogen replacement therapy. Adhering to a hormone friendly diet and ... There are many benefits to estrogen replacement therapy such as:. *Estrogen replacement can relieve symptoms of menopause such ... Get estrogen replacement therapy by scheduling a consultation. Call 973 218-1199. ... Estrogen Replacement TherapyDr. Lorraine Maita, MD2015-04-01T00:10:38-08:00 Do you have symptoms of menopause such as dry itchy ...
Two Crucial Ways Hormone Replacement Therapy Can Change Your Life. August 4, 2015. Cardio Workout Post in Fertility clinic ... Thankfully, hormone replacement therapy offers women a chance to overcome these obstacles and be themselves again. Seeking ... Hormone replacement therapy gives couples a second chance at having beautiful, healthy children. The Centers for Disease ... Womens health is at the forefront of medical research as new developments in hormone replacement therapy are enabling women to ...
  • They specialize in medically-supervised Hormone Replacement Therapy for both male and female patients with symptoms of hormone deficiencies, including testosterone, progesterone, and estrogen. (
  • You take oestrogen and progesterone (a type of progestogen hormone) together once a day for 28 days. (
  • The study used synthetic hormones to treat menopausal symptoms and hypothesized that the therapy would reduce cardiovascular diseases and fractures because bioidentical estrogen and progesterone have been shown in studies to have these positive benefits. (
  • Many point to the choice in hormone therapy-artificial forms of progesterone and estrogen as a primary factor for the increased risk of disease. (
  • In studies, bioidentical hormones, such as estradiol and progesterone, resulted in fewer negative side effects and enhanced effectiveness. (
  • Bioidenticals" â€" natural progesterone â€" have been proven in hundreds of studies to be at least as effective as synthetic replacement-hormone therapies for alleviating symptoms of menopause, and proven to be safer. (
  • In fact, it has been proven that bioidentical hormones, estradiol and micronized progesterone are at least as effective as synthetics - and they are safer. (
  • This therapy uses two hormones in its process including estrogen and progesterone. (
  • HRT replaces hormones that are no longer being produced by your body, predominantly your 'baby making' hormones, estrogen and progesterone. (
  • In 1941, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals received a patent for hormone replacement commonly known as premarin and provera to replace bioidentical estrogen and progesterone. (
  • Hormone replacement for women uses female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone to treat physical effects of menopause and aging. (
  • Each of these glands generates crucial hormones , such as testosterone, estrogen (oestrogen) and progesterone. (
  • Or, it may be given to women after menopause to replace the hormones estrogen and progesterone that are no longer made by the body. (
  • He can determine whether a patient needs estrogen , progesterone , testosterone , thyroid hormone, or a combination of several hormones. (
  • There are many delivery methods available for bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT). (
  • BHRT is the use of supplemental doses of hormones that have a chemical structure identical to the hormones that the human body naturally produces. (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy, or BHRT , is the only safe, natural solution to hormonal imbalance. (
  • BHRT is a way to fight aging and balance your hormones . (
  • This makes BHRT a better choice than conventional hormone replacement therapy , which uses synthetic hormones. (
  • The natural hormones used in BHRT can be administered with a number of delivery methods. (
  • These hormones can be restored with BHRT . (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy, or BHRT, is made up of the same hormones as the ones made in your body," Donovitz says. (
  • We specialize in compounding bio-identical hormones or BHRT, Dermatology Products, and Veterinary or Pet Medications as well as providing traditional prescription services. (
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy is available in both synthetic and bio-identical (BHRT) forms. (
  • Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy is suggested by experts over traditional hormone replacement treatments. (
  • Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy - NuFemme Our specialty trained medical staff is here with the latest treatments to rejuvenate your wellness. (
  • This was true both for single and combined hormone treatments. (
  • There are more than fifty kinds of hormone treatments for men and women. (
  • Hormone treatments balance out the hormones that decrease with menopause. (
  • As with all medical treatments, the benefits of hormone replacement therapy must be weighed against the risks. (
  • Are supplemental hormones the best option for the patient, or would they benefit from alternative treatments? (
  • Consider whether you would prescribe supplemental hormones or recommend alternative treatments to patients with hormone deficiencies. (
  • Supplements used for menopausal symptoms are not evaluated or proven safe by the FDA, whereas hormone replacement treatments have undergone FDA approval. (
  • However, standard treatments such as creams, patches, and pills not only require you to administer your treatment actively, but they can also deliver varying levels of hormones, resulting in hormonal peaks and troughs - and less-than-ideal outcomes. (
  • Further, the teachers argue, children should not be encouraged to "undertake social or medical transition" because of their inability to assess long-term consequences of such treatments as puberty blockers, hormone replacement therapy and sex-reassignment surgery. (
  • The global hormone replacement therapy market size reached US$ 8.6 Billion in 2022. (
  • At present, the global bio-identical hormones replacement market value accounts for USD 36,059.24 Million in 2022. (
  • The compounded bio-identical hormones are associated with the risks as they are not approved by FDA and not suggested by health experts due to their long-term side effects. (
  • For the most part, physicians have prescribed synthetic hormone-replacement therapy. (
  • And over time, FDA-approved synthetic hormones, specifically Premarin, Provera and Prempro (a combination of the two), have become the norm. (
  • In the 1980s, respected journals including the British Medical Journal urged practicing physicians to consider switching from synthetic to bioidentical hormones. (
  • I manage patients with natural hormones which are botanicals, bioidentical hormones, and synthetic hormones. (
  • Plant-derived hormones, as opposed to those that are synthetic or animal-derived, are the key to positive results. (
  • While synthetic hormones can have an adverse effect on breast tissue, bioidentical hormones can protect a patient from breast cancer," Donovitz explains, noting studies show a 60 to 70 percent reduction in breast cancer. (
  • This involves using bioidentical natural hormones, not synthetic hormones. (
  • BioTE™ uses bioidentical hormones, which are synthetic hormones that have the same chemical structure as naturally produced hormones. (
  • Men have reported vast benefits from bioidentical testosterone therapy and fewer side effects than with synthetic hormones. (
  • BioTE® hormone pellet therapy goes above and beyond in the treatment of hormone imbalance to provide the best results. (
  • Hormone pellet therapy has several advantages over these other methods. (
  • Hormone pellet therapy also provides an easy way for patients to optimize their hormones. (
  • Dr. Morganstern now recommends BioTE® hormone pellet therapy as a solution to many of the side effects associated with hormonal imbalance. (
  • Hormone replacement pellet therapy remains one of the most underutilized solutions for an improved fulfilling life. (
  • In contrast, Hormone Pellet Therapy is a safe, convenient treatment that delivers small amounts of natural hormones on a consistent basis. (
  • Hormone Pellet Therapy has been studied for decades and is in use across multiple continents. (
  • Hormone Pellet Therapy helps return hormone levels to normal, offering improved quality of life and peace of mind. (
  • Women undergoing menopause and other hormonal imbalances report positive changes after Hormone Pellet Therapy, usually within a concise time window. (
  • Hormone Pellet Therapy is simple and easy to administer. (
  • To ask about our Hormone Pellet Therapy or book an appointment, get in touch. (
  • After a doctor determines a patient is in hormonal decline, he or she will administer static dosing, which is when hormone levels are approximated and a patient is prescribed the same amount of estradiol every day of the month. (
  • In essence, hormones regulate your body's functions and keep things running smoothly. (
  • Our growth hormone supports our body's regeneration and stimulates the growth of cells in the muscles , bones, brain, and vital organs. (
  • How can HGH replacement therapy improve your body's healthy function? (
  • After learning about their body's hormone levels and where they may be deficient or unbalanced, many women have an "Ah-ha! (
  • However, he notes that testosterone replacement therapy can harm the body's natural production of the hormone. (
  • HGH injections are the most efficient method of increasing your body's growth hormone levels , but there are some side effects involved. (
  • Other types include human growth hormone replacement therapy, testosterone replacement therapy, thyroid replacement therapy and others. (
  • This study aimed at determination of the risk factors for thyroid hormone replacement following hemithyroidectomy and to develop a predictive nomogram. (
  • Postoperative euthyroidism patients without thyroid hormone replacement were compared to those who developed postoperative hypothyroidism with thyroid hormone replacement. (
  • The factors associated with thyroid hormone replacement were used to construct a binomial logistic-regression model and visualized as a predictive nomogram to evaluate the risk of thyroid hormone replacement following hemithyroidectomy. (
  • Of 110 patients with postoperative hypothyroidism, 56 (50.9%) received thyroid hormone replacement. (
  • all 12 reverted to euthyroid state without thyroid hormone replacement. (
  • Hypothyroidism is common after hemithyroidectomy, and almost half of the patients will need thyroid hormone replacement. (
  • Elevated preoperative serum TSH level and unilateral thyroid nodule were independent predictors of thyroid hormone replacement following hemithyroidectomy. (
  • The aims of this study were to 1) explore the incidence of hypothyroidism following hemithyroidectomy, 2) identify the risk factors for TH replacement after thyroid surgery, and 3) develop a binomial logistic-regression model for predicting the need for TH replacement after hemithyroidectomy. (
  • For example, hormone replacement therapy may be given when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone or when the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone. (
  • Additionally, by balancing their hormones with natural hormone therapy, women can also reduce their risk for heart disease, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Osteoporosis, Diabetes, and increase their overall thyroid health! (
  • Once diagnosed, providers refer to papillary thyroid cancer as good cancer because it can be easily treated generally with a thyroidectomy, neck dissection of lymph nodes, hormone replacement therapy post thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine ablation, and/or alcohol injection ablation to lymph nodes. (
  • After surgery, hormone replacement therapy is initiated because a patient cannot live without the thyroid hormone. (
  • Are thyroid hormone receptors good or bad for you? (
  • I have had a full hysterectomy and truly believe that I can benefit from using your product for all the reasons that you mention and especially for improved mental health and joint pains, thinning hair etc. plus I have a thyroid condition (underactive) as a result of taking hormone replacement. (
  • The primary purpose of this six-week survey study of women currently taking compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy was to determine if compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy relieves symptoms of menopause and is well tolerated. (
  • The secondary purpose of this study was to compare the symptom relief and tolerability of compounded bioidentical hormone replacement therapy to previously used commercially available products. (
  • Overall, 57.7% of the women surveyed reported fewer side effects and 71.8% of the women had better relief of menopausal symptoms when using bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. (
  • The occurrence and severity of menopausal symptoms decreased significantly after beginning bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement relieved the symptoms of menopause and was well tolerated. (
  • Who Needs Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy? (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy benefits men and women of various ages suffering from hormonal imbalances. (
  • To select the right therapy, you must understand all the available options for therapy and exactly how bioidentical hormone therapy can enhance your life and wellbeing. (
  • This is an important detail to note when choosing bioidentical hormone therapy. (
  • It is one more way bioidentical hormone therapy helps more patients achieve their goals with fewer side effects and better outcomes. (
  • Amazingly, it acted without having scientifically proven the effectiveness of this "low dose" option, writes Drs. Erika Schwartz, Kent Holtorf and David Brownstein, founding members of the non-profit Bioidentical Hormone Initiative, in a Wall Street Journal editorial. (
  • Be sure to check out bioidentical hormone replacement therapy Maryland for further information. (
  • Bioidentical Hormone Therapy has been used since the 1930s to alleviate symptoms caused by hormonal dysfunction including but not exclusively for vasomotor symptoms, fatigue, physical stamina, body/joint pain, irritability, sleep disturbance, brain fog, mood disturbance, low libido, and vaginal dryness. (
  • I was introduced to bioidentical hormone pellets through my international patients. (
  • Many women seek bioidentical hormone replacement as a way to combat menopause. (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy is a natural and effective way to address women's health. (
  • Andropause and low testosterone can be treated with bioidentical hormone replacement therapy. (
  • Regardless of the delivery method, men and women who are treated with bioidentical hormone replacement therapy see noticeable results. (
  • Aging can be scary, yes, but bioidentical hormone replacement is the best tool available to fight back. (
  • Whether or not you've experienced menopause, if you feel the symptoms of hormone imbalance, we can help with bioidentical hormone therapy. (
  • A bioidentical hormone is created from a natural plant source and professionally formulated to be biologically identical to human estrogen and testosterone. (
  • Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy has become the preferred treatment for men seeking to restore hormone levels to a balanced state and stop the symptoms of aging. (
  • Why Should Men Use Bioidentical Hormone Therapy? (
  • There are plenty of reasons men should consider choosing bioidentical hormone replacement therapy to restore hormonal balance. (
  • Research has shown that bioidentical hormone therapy is both safe and effective, not to mention it has a very positive effect on the health of men. (
  • I prefer hormone pellets for men and women who are candidates for two important reasons. (
  • BioTE™ is a form of hormone replacement that involves inserting pellets, which are tiny cylindrical supplements, under your skin. (
  • Using BioTE™ pellets allows hormones to be delivered and distributed in a way that mimics the way your body distributes hormones it produces naturally. (
  • What makes pellets different from other hormone therapies? (
  • When the blood flows around the pellets, it absorbs the hormones at the right time. (
  • There are a number of hormone replacement therapy options available to meet the medical needs, health goals and lifestyles of most men, including pellets, patches, creams, pills and injections. (
  • If you think that you may be a candidate for hormone replacement therapy or are experiencing menopause you should consult your health care professional for what treatment options are available to you and what will work for your specific needs and if estrogen therapy is for you. (
  • Based on the results of this current analysis, Ragaz suggested that ?while the use of HRT with estrogen alone may reduce the risk of breast cancer and may also be appropriate to manage menopausal symptoms, further research is warranted to elaborate on the optimum treatment regimen, to refine the selection of ideal candidates for estrogen therapy, and to understand the estrogen mechanisms that support the prevention of human breast cancer. (
  • In 2002, the famed Women's Health Initiative (WHI), a large study on hormone therapy and women's health, was halted early. (
  • A Women's Health Initiative study in which women took either a drug that combines oestrogen and progestin or a placebo was abandoned in 2002 when it was discovered that Hormone Replacement Therapy increased the risk of breast cancer . (
  • More than a decade ago the Women's Health Study produced surprising and important results when it showed that broad use of hormone replacement therapy did not reduce cardiovascular risk in postmenopausal women. (
  • More than a decade ago, the NHLBI's Women's Health Initiative trials overturned the conventional wisdom that hormone therapy (HT) for menopausal women helped protect women from a broad spectrum of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) suffered a sharp blow a decade ago when the Women's Health Initiative failed to show any cardiovascular benefit in women taking HRT. (
  • For women's health, hormones are incredibly important as they affect all the processes at once. (
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy replaces deficient or abnormal hormone levels as women approach menopause, relieving its symptoms. (
  • However, these hormones can become imbalanced or deficient in a condition known as hormone imbalance. (
  • It is replacing what is deficient with nontoxic bioidentical hormones to maintain the levels of one's 30s. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy is often referred to as the treatment with hormones to replace deficient hormones in the body. (
  • Once the dynamics of these hormones are analyzed, a treatment plan tailored to each patient's specific needs can be developed to reestablish a healthy hormonal balance. (
  • Bioidentical hormones are one form of hormone therapy that has gained popularity in recent decades-though it dates back to the 1930s-because of its effectiveness in helping men and women achieve hormonal balance. (
  • The study found that these are the first types of hormone replacement therapy, but only 20 percent of women have this type of therapy to prescribe, experts say. (
  • When Dr. Harry Benjamin started to treat the prefemisexual, Christina Jorgenson, in the 1940s, he did not ask her whether she had completed a time living as a woman before he agreed to prescribe her hormones. (
  • One of your patients requests that you prescribe supplemental hormones. (
  • For hormone replacement therapy, Dr. Jacobson may prescribe any hormone necessary to treat a patient's exact symptoms. (
  • Halpern and Dubin said the study isn't meant to be a knock on telehealth, which is how the websites prescribe the therapy. (
  • I am privileged to have the experience to see improvement in quality of life due to correcting hormone dysfunction using gels, creams, patches, pills, troches, injectables and pellet hormone therapy in women and men over my 29-year clinical career. (
  • The hormone pellet is placed in the fatty tissue of the hip and is absorbed gradually and efficiently over a 24- hour period without having to be concerned about the possibility of poor or lack of uniform absorption from creams, gels, and patches. (
  • In women who used Gel, patches or creams for hormone replacement therapy, there was no increased risk. (
  • We can compound hormone therapy dosages into small capsules, lozenges and creams and can be delivered straight to your home if desired. (
  • Since everyone has a right to access sexual and reproductive healthcare and decide what to do with their bodies, some people consider Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy to improve their hormone balance, increase their libido, and attain beneficial effects. (
  • Bioidentical hormones are hormones that have the exact same chemical structure as the hormones naturally occurring in our bodies. (
  • Womens health is at the forefront of medical research as new developments in hormone replacement therapy are enabling women to take back their bodies and be comfortable in their own skin. (
  • Our hormones control most of the responses and functions of our bodies. (
  • At Balanced Bodies Anti-Aging Clinic, female hormone replacement therapy can make a huge difference. (
  • Hormones rule our bodies providing their well-being when they are in balance and signaling by various symptoms when there is hormonal imbalance. (
  • Non-binary people may also engage in hormone therapy in order to achieve a desired balance of sex hormones or to help align their bodies with their gender identities. (
  • Bio-identical hormone therapy utilizes chemically identical hormones to supplement your bodies naturally occurring hormones. (
  • Dr. Ibrahim at Better Life Clinics has helped countless women restore the balance within their bodies and fight the symptoms of hormone imbalance. (
  • Hormone levels fall to unhealthy levels creating a hormone imbalance in your body. (
  • KAREN: And Alison, I'm just thinking about menopause hormone replacement therapy in terms of managing symptoms, but I think there's many ways you can take that hormone therapy, isn't there? (
  • If you're suffering from symptoms associated with hormonal decline, BioTE™ hormone therapy might be an excellent option for you. (
  • Find out more about BioTE™ therapy at Seamist. (
  • Why should I consider BioTe™ hormone therapy? (
  • With the help of human growth hormone replacement therapy (HGH Therapy), both men and women can improve their strength, energy, and immunity levels. (
  • Every patient's Human Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy will be tailored to their unique body and the HGH-related issues they would like to address. (
  • Transgender hormone therapy , also called hormone replacement therapy ( HRT ) or gender-affirming hormone therapy ( GAHT ), is a form of hormone therapy in which sex hormones and other hormonal medications are administered to transgender or gender nonconforming individuals for the purpose of more closely aligning their secondary sexual characteristics with their gender identity . (
  • When a doctor prescribes HRT therapy for a person, many times the same medications are needed but in many differing strengths and combinations. (
  • Bioidentical hormones, on the other hand, are derived from naturally-occurring sources and designed to be structurally identical to the natural hormones produced by the human body. (
  • Reduced growth hormone is also linked to the inevitable aging process and will naturally diminish over time. (
  • When we are younger, growth hormone is produced naturally in the pituitary gland. (
  • The hormones we use are bioidentical, meaning your body does not recognize the difference between the hormones you produce naturally and the ones we provide. (
  • Bioidentical hormones are compounded hormones derived from naturally-occurring sources and designed to be structurally indistinguishable from endogenous human hormones. (
  • This treatment is particularly favourable for patients with growth hormone deficiency, women nearing menopause and elderly people suffering from hypogonadism. (
  • The rising need for new treatment options with better safety results is further boosting the demand for (HRT) hormone replacement therapy. (
  • The rising lifestyle stress and increasing cancer cases globally are likely to have a stake in the demand for hormonal replacement treatment in the future. (
  • The results of bio-identical hormone treatment are likely to differ from person to person depending on the body considerations and health history of a person. (
  • The consultation of a healthcare person essentially has a crucial role in spreading the right awareness about the possible impacts and benefits associated with bio-identical hormone treatment among people. (
  • HRT stands for hormone replacement therapy, and while you may only be familiar with HRT as part of the medical transition that some transgender people undergo, it is also a common treatment for menopausal symptoms in women. (
  • Hormone replacement centers are among the facilities that offer treatment for age-related health problems. (
  • It is true that many transsexuals present themselves to clinicians when living in their desired gender roles to request hormone treatment. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy is one type of treatment designed to correct this problem, but not all forms are created equally. (
  • Natural Testosterone Replacement is central to the treatment of all facets of andropause. (
  • Hormone levels should also be monitored during and after your treatment to ensure optimal health results and minimize side effects. (
  • This type of therapy has been around for several years in the treatment of menopause. (
  • The key to natural hormone replacement or enhancement lies in determining the proper priority of treatment. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy is often referred to as the treatment with hormones to replace natural hormones when the body does not make enough. (
  • Within the first 2 weeks of treatment, many women notice major improvements in their hormone imbalance symptoms, including energy levels, sex drive, mental clarity, acne breakouts, and more. (
  • Abstract BackgroundTo determine whether Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist down regulation combined with hormone replacement treatment (HRT) can improve the reproductive outcomes in the frozen thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycle of elderly patients with idiopathic recurrent implantation failure (RIF). (
  • Patients with known endometriosis or adenomyosis were excluded from the study.According to different endometrial preparation protocols, patients were divided into three groups: natural cycle group (NC, n=62), hormone replacement treatment cycle group (HRT, n=194) and GnRH agonist down regulation combined with HRT cycle group (GnRHa-HRT, n=290).Live birth rate was primary outcome while clinical pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, on going pregnancy rate were secondary outcomes. (
  • Bio-identical hormone replacement therapy has been shown to be an effective treatment for men suffering from symptoms of hormone imbalance. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy is an increasingly common treatment for women experiencing menopause or with otherwise imbalanced hormone levels. (
  • Risk factors for VTE include a history of DVT, recent surgery, immobility, active cancer or cancer treatment, being aged over 60 years, obesity, hormone replacement therapy or oestrogen containing contraceptive therapy and having other conditions such as heart disease. (
  • Whatever the reason you are seeking ways to feel better, the first step in determining if your symptoms are the result of a hormonal imbalance and that you are a candidate for bio-identical hormone replacement therapy, is comprehensive lab testing. (
  • Hormonal imbalances may be treated with bio-identical hormones. (
  • What Is Bio Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy? (
  • The valuation of the bio-identical hormones replacement segment is expected to surpass the value of USD 59,298.50 Million by end of 2032. (
  • What are the Factors that Favor the growth of Bio-identical Hormones Replacement? (
  • Bio-identical hormone replacement process involves plant-based estrogens that are used to resemble hormones produced by the human body. (
  • In recent years, bio-identical hormone replacement has noticed rising demand as there is an increase in hormone-related health issues. (
  • The rising awareness among women regarding health issues has a positive impact on the growth of the bio-identical hormone replacement therapy market. (
  • The US food and drug administration (FDA) passes the bio-identical hormones after testing for safety. (
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy for Men (HRT) uses hormones that are identical, on a molecular level, to the natural hormones occurring in your body. (
  • Many of the bioidentical hormones used are made from soybeans and wild yams, which contain unique compounds that are processed chemically and made into identical replicas of hormones the body produces. (
  • It does this with the use of chemically and biologically identical hormones. (
  • Bio-identical hormones are manufactured from plant Phytosteroids. (
  • Bio-Identical HRT therapy is used to treat a wide variety of conditions in both men and women. (
  • As one of the leaders in the Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) arena, our specialty division offers patients the ability to obtain customized bio-identical hormones in almost any strength and in different delivery forms. (
  • Men who pursue bio-identical hormone therapy to treat hormonal imbalance may experience significant benefits, including more energy, increased muscle mass and strength, weight loss and improved sexual function. (
  • At Southwest Women's Oncology and Health, we use EvexiPEL , which uses bio-identical hormones from plant-based substances. (
  • At SWWO, we prioritize our patients' comfort and quality of life, and we are proud to offer bio-identical Hormone Replacement Therapy to our patients as part of our holistic, whole-person approach to wellness. (
  • Once you have an understanding of the female cycle, you can heal from the hormone imbalances that cause PMS, heavy periods, low libido, and even the discomfort of menopause. (
  • By restoring hormones to appropriate levels, HRT can help eliminate many symptoms associated with aging, low testosterone, and other hormonal imbalances. (
  • This therapy aims to replace the hormones that are lost and those that decline during menopausal stage. (
  • Here's a simple explanation: as you age, your body may slow the production of certain hormones. (
  • Since hormones affect virtually every bodily function, low levels of certain hormones and impaired communication within the endocrine system creates havoc with all the other body systems including the immune, cardiovascular, detoxification, gastrointestinal, and nervous system. (
  • If your relationship is suffering because you're experiencing a drop in libido, female hormone replacement therapy may be able to help. (
  • The discourse of this paper is centred around the correctness of timing in the administration body-altering hormones to those people with GID syndrome or those who are expressing their less polarised gender roles. (
  • Female hormones are crucial to a balanced life and determine our sleep patterns, affect our sexual function, and are involved in weight gain, mood, and more. (
  • It's perfectly natural for female hormones to fluctuate throughout life. (
  • The growth hormone is most effective when it works together with the DHEA , reproductive hormones, and melatonin. (
  • Restoration of this balance is achieved using natural hormone replacement. (
  • There's no guesswork to this-our natural hormone therapy works to provide exactly what your body needs. (
  • As per the research of Cleveland Clinic , There is a risk of blood clots and gallbladder diseases associated with hormone therapies. (
  • I started my hormone replacement therapy at a clinic using the Tom Waddell system without even being aware of it. (
  • As an advanced practice nurse at a community health clinic, you often treat female (and sometimes male patients) with hormone deficiencies. (
  • The goal of HRT is to supplement low hormone levels (low-T and other hormone deficiencies) and to restore the critical hormone balance in your system. (
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy have beneficial effects. (
  • What are Hormone Replacement Therapy and Testosterone Replacement Therapy? (
  • Meanwhile, Testosterone Replacement Therapy supplements testosterone to treat low testosterone levels or help reverse the effects of a medical condition called hypogonadism. (
  • What is Testosterone Replacement Therapy? (
  • There is even no clear evidence that testosterone replacement accelerates the development of BPH. (
  • Proper monitoring of laboratory values and clinical response are essential when prescribing testosterone replacement therapy. (
  • Testosterone replacement therapy is another type of HRT. (
  • Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) can reverse unwanted effects. (
  • Effective methods of testosterone replacement include gel application and injection therapy . (
  • All men on testosterone replacement therapy must be closely monitored for prostate health, red blood cell counts, and testosterone levels in the blood. (
  • What are the risks of testosterone replacement therapy? (
  • Once someone is prescribed testosterone replacement therapy, they could be on it for life. (
  • Testosterone Replacement Therapy may be right for You! (
  • For example, men who restore testosterone to natural levels using testosterone replacement therapy have been shown to reduce their risk of heart attack and stroke1. (
  • Bioidentical hormones have been shown in some studies to cause fewer side effects and risks. (
  • There are various types of hormone replacement therapies, and there are risks accordingly. (
  • However, considering the risks and side effects, experts suggest choosing FDA-approved hormones after the advice of a healthcare assistant. (
  • Confusion is responsible for conflicting data in the medical literature about the benefits and risks of testosterone therapy. (
  • Testosterone therapy can reduce sperm production and increase risks of blood clots, heart attack and stroke. (
  • While endogenous estrogen have a well-known carcinogenic impact, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) utilizing estrogen alone (the exogenous estrogen) provides a protective effect in reducing breast cancer risk, according to study results presented at the 33rd Annual CTRC-AACR San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held Dec. 8-12, 2010. (
  • Hormones are chemicals made by the glands that act to control certain actions of cells and organs. (
  • Once secreted, the hormones bind with appropriate receptor sites on the cell membranes and target organs. (
  • When these organs are not functioning properly, hormones may be become imbalanced. (
  • Amberen's proprietary blend supports and rejuvenates hypothalamus function, which mends communication with hormone-producing organs, such as the ovaries. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy or HRT increases the estrogen and progestin levels in your body. (
  • Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is used for replenishing the hormones that are present in low levels in the human body. (
  • This therapy may also include some adverse effects like bloating, swelling, nausea, leg cramps, headaches, indigestion, increased cholesterol levels and a rise in the number of red blood cells. (
  • How Do You Know if Your Hormone Levels are Unbalanced? (
  • The hormonal issues rise with the declining levels of hormones with rising age. (
  • These symptoms will usually fade within the first 3 months as your body becomes used to the increased levels of hormones. (
  • Yet, hormone replacement with aromatizable androgens, such as testosterone, results in lower total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol levels while having little to no impact on serum HDL cholesterol levels. (
  • Their levels and balance, also known as male hormone harmony, are extremely important for your health, physical shape, and well-being. (
  • However, latest research has revealed that it is really the improper levels of male hormones that are responsible for many of these ailments. (
  • Men suffering from hormone imbalance and low levels of testosterone (low-T) can benefit from the hormone replacement therapy. (
  • Hormone Replacement Therapy must be administered by a well-trained physician who will first evaluate your existing medical condition and run a variety of tests to determine your hormone levels. (
  • Excessive or reduced levels of these hormones can wreak havoc on your system. (
  • Normal" levels of any hormone are unique to you. (
  • We know that as we age, hormone levels drop - and the impact can hit in unexpected ways. (
  • A dip in hormone levels can also increase the risk for heart disease, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and dementia. (
  • Both the liver and gastrointestinal tract are involved in the normal processing of excess levels of hormones. (
  • Additionally, individuals with decreased growth hormone levels may have affected sleep patterns and decreased immune system function. (
  • It's not about checking the levels and replacing the hormones but treating the patient as a whole. (
  • On the survey, the women answered questions about health factors that might influence menopause , including diet, weight history, exercise levels, reproductive history and the use of hormone replacement therapy. (
  • It's a fact of life: hormone levels decline as you age. (
  • Hormone imbalance in men can occur at any point in the life cycle, but it is most commonly experienced around middle-age when testosterone levels reach a peak point of decline. (
  • Men who are experiencing one or more of these symptoms should consider advanced laboratory testing to assess their hormone levels. (
  • You can get your blood hormone levels tested at this Quest blood testing center. (
  • According to Drs. Schwartz, Holtorf and Brownstein, "The medical establishment must stop kowtowing to drug companies and start serving women's best interests-and that involves widely prescribing bioidentical hormones. (
  • Often, therapy involves many different medical professionals and therapists to ensure a child receives comprehensive care and learns how to manage VCD symptoms. (
  • On the basis of disease, the report has segmented the market on the basis of menopause, hypothyroidism, male hypogonadism, growth hormone deficiency and others. (
  • Growth hormone deficiency usually results from the destruction of normal pituitary and/or hypothalamic tissue from a tumor or surgical and/or radiation therapy . (
  • Growth hormone deficiency may be associated with significant changes in body composition, bone density, lipid metabolism, cardiovascular function, and physical well-being . (
  • What is human growth hormone? (
  • Natural growth hormone plays a major role in the growth of both children and teens. (
  • Growth hormone also assists our metabolism, as well as regulates the health of the body fluids and heart function. (
  • Later in life, our body slows down its production of the growth hormone. (
  • In most cases, a natural growth hormone releaser should not have any negative side effects. (
  • Understanding The Female Cycle & How Seeds Can Restore Hormone Balance (even in menopause! (
  • Learn how to track your cycle and how seeds can help restore hormone balance -- yes, even if you're in menopause and don't have a period! (
  • This understanding of the importance and function of the male hormone balance and harmony has led to the development of modern Hormone Replacement Therapy for Men . (
  • HRT can help to balance your hormones and allow you to get restorative sleep for a better mood and improved physical and mental state. (
  • HRT is typically a combination of multiple hormones in a balance specifically designed for you by your doctor. (
  • What is Hormone balance? (
  • Guys, hormone balance is not just a problem among women, which also means hormone therapy can help you. (
  • Symptoms of hormone balance generally begin to occur with greater frequency and intensity when a man reaches middle age. (
  • Your body stops making a hormone called oestrogen when you go through the menopause, or if you have surgery to remove your ovaries. (
  • Oestrogen-only HRT does not contain the hormone progestogen to protect the lining of the womb. (
  • Therefore, a transsexual girl who starts her hormone therapy before puberty will look almost indistinguishable from any other girl. (
  • Adolescents experiencing gender dysphoria may opt to undergo puberty-suppressing hormone therapy at the onset of puberty. (
  • The Standards of Care set forth by WPATH recommend individuals pursuing puberty-suppressing hormone therapy wait until at least experiencing Tanner Stage 2 pubertal development. (
  • [11] WPATH classifies puberty-suppressing hormone therapy as a "fully reversible" intervention. (
  • So, HRT replaces these hormones and 12 effectively balances them. (
  • It replaces hormones that are at a lower level as we age. (