Steel: A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)WeldingDental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Stem Cell Factor: A hematopoietic growth factor and the ligand of the cell surface c-kit protein (PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-KIT). It is expressed during embryogenesis and is a growth factor for a number of cell types including the MAST CELLS and the MELANOCYTES in addition to the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors: These growth factors comprise a family of hematopoietic regulators with biological specificities defined by their ability to support proliferation and differentiation of blood cells of different lineages. ERYTHROPOIETIN and the COLONY-STIMULATING FACTORS belong to this family. Some of these factors have been studied and used in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, myelodysplastic syndromes, and bone marrow failure syndromes.Friction: Surface resistance to the relative motion of one body against the rubbing, sliding, rolling, or flowing of another with which it is in contact.History of MedicineOrthodontic Brackets: Small metal or ceramic attachments used to fasten an arch wire. These attachments are soldered or welded to an orthodontic band or cemented directly onto the teeth. Bowles brackets, edgewise brackets, multiphase brackets, ribbon arch brackets, twin-wire brackets, and universal brackets are all types of orthodontic brackets.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Chromium: A trace element that plays a role in glucose metabolism. It has the atomic symbol Cr, atomic number 24, and atomic weight 52. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP85-002,1985), chromium and some of its compounds have been listed as known carcinogens.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Dental Stress Analysis: The description and measurement of the various factors that produce physical stress upon dental restorations, prostheses, or appliances, materials associated with them, or the natural oral structures.Nickel: A trace element with the atomic symbol Ni, atomic number 28, and atomic weight 58.69. It is a cofactor of the enzyme UREASE.HistoryRisk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Orthodontic Appliance Design: The planning, calculation, and creation of an apparatus for the purpose of correcting the placement or straightening of teeth.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Dental Prosthesis Retention: Holding a DENTAL PROSTHESIS in place by its design, or by the use of additional devices or adhesives.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit: A protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is specific for STEM CELL FACTOR. This interaction is crucial for the development of hematopoietic, gonadal, and pigment stem cells. Genetic mutations that disrupt the expression of PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEINS C-KIT are associated with PIEBALDISM, while overexpression or constitutive activation of the c-kit protein-tyrosine kinase is associated with tumorigenesis.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Decontamination: The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.Chromium Alloys: Specific alloys not less than 85% chromium and nickel or cobalt, with traces of either nickel or cobalt, molybdenum, and other substances. They are used in partial dentures, orthopedic implants, etc.Receptors, Colony-Stimulating Factor: Cell surface receptors for colony stimulating factors, local mediators, and hormones that regulate the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of hemopoietic cells.Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Tooth Movement: Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.Elastomers: A generic term for all substances having the properties of stretching under tension, high tensile strength, retracting rapidly, and recovering their original dimensions fully. They are generally POLYMERS.Disinfectants: Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Denture Retention: The retention of a denture in place by design, device, or adhesion.Natural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Dental Bonding: An adhesion procedure for orthodontic attachments, such as plastic DENTAL CROWNS. This process usually includes the application of an adhesive material (DENTAL CEMENTS) and letting it harden in-place by light or chemical curing.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Dental Soldering: The joining of pieces of metal through the use of an alloy which has a lower melting point, usually at least 100 degrees Celsius below the fusion temperature of the parts being soldered. In dentistry, soldering is used for joining components of a dental appliance, as in assembling a bridge, joining metals to orthodontic bands, or adding to the bulk of certain structures, such as the establishment of proper contact areas on inlays and crowns with adjacent teeth. (Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Coated Materials, Biocompatible: Biocompatible materials usually used in dental and bone implants that enhance biologic fixation, thereby increasing the bond strength between the coated material and bone, and minimize possible biological effects that may result from the implant itself.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Polycarboxylate Cement: Water-soluble low-molecular-weight polymers of acrylic or methacrylic acid that form solid, insoluble products when mixed with specially prepared ZnO powder. The resulting cement adheres to dental enamel and is also used as a luting agent.Gold Alloys: Alloys that contain a high percentage of gold. They are used in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Microscopy, Electron, Scanning: Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.Interleukin-3: A multilineage cell growth factor secreted by LYMPHOCYTES; EPITHELIAL CELLS; and ASTROCYTES which stimulates clonal proliferation and differentiation of various types of blood and tissue cells.History of NursingRetrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Adhesives: Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.Ceramics: Products made by baking or firing nonmetallic minerals (clay and similar materials). In making dental restorations or parts of restorations the material is fused porcelain. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed & Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Reproductive History: An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.Niobium: Niobium. A metal element atomic number 41, atomic weight 92.906, symbol Nb. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The African Economic History Network. Retrieved 25 September 2014.. *^ "Ghana, a country study" (PDF). Federal Research ... Steel, William (July 1972). "Import Substitution and Excess Capacity in Ghana". Oxford Economic Papers. 24 (2): 212-240. JSTOR ... "A Brief History of the Ghanaian Educational System". TobeWorldwide.org. Archived from the original on 2011-08-09.. ... History[edit]. In precolonial times, education in Ghana was informal. Knowledge and competencies were transmitted orally and ...
"Pakistan Steel: Our History". Pakistan Steel Mills. Retrieved 29 December 2016.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k Bhurgari, Abdul ... The one person in Pakistan's recent history whose death transcends symbolism is Zulfikar Ali Bhutto. Bhutto gave the country ... "M P Ajithkumar (Lecturer in History, Sanathana Dharma College, Alappuzha). M.P Ajithkumar. Retrieved 27 October 2011.. ... "Pakistan Military Consortium and Directorate for the Military History Research (DMHR). Pakistan Defence Journal. Archived from ...
History. Retrieved 20 July 2014. The first design to appear was a bogie covered steel wagon, given TOPS code BYA. "MRA Side- ... First production was the BYA type covered steel coil carriers. The first wagon was formally presented in July 1998. Nearly half ... Other wagon types produced included 300 MBA 'monster box', 260 BYA (covered steel coil), 100+400+300 FAA; FCA and FKA container ... Fawcett, Bill (2005). A History of North Eastern Railway Architecture. 3. Hoole, Ken (1976). The Railways of York. Dalesman ...
The History of Tennis Racquets - Evolution of the Modern Racquet. *Gelberg, J. Nadine, "The Big Technological Tennis Upset", ... "Behold: The Dayton Steel Racket". Old Magazine Articles. 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2018.. ... "Australian Tennis History. tennishistory.com.au. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2018.. ... Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis : A Cultural History. Washington Square, N.Y.: New York University Press. p. 5. ISBN ...
Steel. "The Church of All Saints, Manfield". Geograph. Retrieved 13 March 2013. Hinson, Colin (2011). "Manfield Parish ... "The Web of English History". Population Growth in the Age of Peel. Retrieved 12 March 2013. "Historical Population Census Data ... "Parishes - Manfield". British History Online. Retrieved 13 March 2013. Hinson, Colin (2011). "Manfield Parish Registers". ...
"Steel containers for automotive fuel and lubricants (in Russian)". Molot.biz. Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. ... "History". Blitz USA. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2010-08-03. "definition and etymology of "jerrycan"". ... A jerrycan (also written as jerry can or jerrican) is a robust liquid container made from pressed steel. It was designed in ... The designs usually emulate the original steel design and are still known as jerrycans. Uses for the cans have expanded beyond ...
In September 1997, Steel signed a contract with the World Wrestling Federation (WWF, now WWE) forcing CMLL to vacate the ... His second reign is the longest in the title's history at 1,225 days, and he also holds the record for the longest combined ... In the case of Cien Caras, Steel, and Héctor Garza, their departures from the company were so sudden and unexpected that no ... On April 18, 1997, Steel became the first Canadian to win the championship by defeating then-champion Rayo de Jalisco Jr. to ...
History[edit]. Family ownership[edit]. Louis-François Cartier founded Cartier in Paris, France in 1847 when he took over the ... 1978 - Creation of the Santos de Cartier watch with a gold and steel bracelet. Creation of the first Cartier scarf collection.[ ... "History of the Pilot Watch Part I - Cartier Santos 1904". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-10-01.. ... Cartier has a long history of sales to royalty.[2] King Edward VII of England referred to Cartier as "the jeweller of kings and ...
Bou, Jean (2009). Light Horse: A History of Australia's Mounted Arm. Australian Army History. Port Melbourne: Cambridge ... Handle, Paul; Green, Brett (25 April 2012). "ANZAC Steel". Retrieved 19 October 2014. "Light Horse Military Units". Australian ... ISBN 1-876439-75-0. Hopkins, R.N.L. (1978). Australian Armour: A History of the Royal Australian Armoured Corps 1927-1972. ... "Australian Armour in the Middle East 1940 to 1943". Army History Unit. Australian Army. Retrieved 19 October 2014. Farrell & ...
"77th Armor Association". Steel Tigers. Retrieved 2010-07-31. "Chapter II: Thailand". History.army.mil. Retrieved 2010-07-31. " ... "This Day in History - History.com - What Happened Today in History". History.com. Archived from the original on 2010-02-10. ... The Best Forums in History". Armchairgeneral.com. Retrieved 2010-07-31. "Vietnam War 1961-1964". The History Place. Retrieved ... "Vietnam War unit history". Flyarmy.org. 2010-07-21. Retrieved 2010-07-31. "Do Xa Campaign". Nguyentin.tripod.com. Retrieved ...
"Raw Materials - Coal". Tata Steel. Retrieved 2008-08-26. "Indian Railway History Timeline". Retrieved 2008-08-26. ... Tata Steel owns and operates the open-cast West Bokaro collieries. It has the distinction of commissioning the country's first ...
"History of Rebar". Whaley Steel. Archived from the original on 2011-11-27. Seckel, Al, and John Edwards, "Franklin's Unholy ... Steel framed structures can bond the structural members to earth to provide lightning protection. A metal flagpole with its ... For a vessel with a conducting (iron or steel) hull, the grounding conductor is the hull. For a vessel with a non-conducting ... Lightning can damage structures made of most materials, such as masonry, wood, concrete and steel, because the huge currents ...
"WBF World Championship History". World Boxing Foundation (WBFo). Retrieved 16 December 2014. Steel, Adam. "Cornelius Carr eyes ... Steel, Adam. "Chris Eubank clash a no go, admits Cornelius Carr". Gazette Live. Retrieved 16 December 2014. "Cornelius Carr ... "BBBofC British Super Middleweight Title History". BoxRec. Retrieved 11 June 2012. "Professional boxing record for Cornelius ...
Stroud: The History Press. p. 148. ISBN 9780752488615. Helgason, Guðmundur (1995-2013). "HMS Salvia (K97)". German U-boats of ... "Steel sloops". The Leander Project. Retrieved 17 July 2011. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Flower-class corvettes". German U-boats of ...
Tata Steel. Retrieved 5 December 2015. "Coal beneficiation" (PDF). History of Coal Beneficiation in Tata Steel. Tata Steel. ... Tata Steel and BCCL are the major coal companies in Sijua. The Sijua group of mines under BCCL is composed of: Basdeopur ... It is run by TATA Steel and D A V organizing committee. It is CBSE based. It is considered as the excellent school of Sijua. It ... Subsequently in 1918, Tata Steel acquired Malkera and Sijua as well as Jamadoba, Digwadih and 6&7 Pits Collieries of the ...
"Foxwood Steel". foxwoodsteel.com. Retrieved 16 March 2016. "Foxwood Steel". foxwoodsteel.com. Retrieved 16 March 2016. "The ... Story of a Comprehensive School which is a history of Foxwood School. Foxwood was an innovative school throughout its history. ... The history of Foxwood is inextricably linked to that of the estate which it served. The school originally occupied the ... Colin Burgon taught history at the school and later became Labour MP for Elmet Constituency between 1997 and 2010. John Davies ...
... www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 15 July 2016. "Steel Sloops". www.leander-project.homecall.co.uk. Retrieved 15 July 2016. " ... "Indian sloop HMIS Kistna". www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 11 July 2016. "Indian sloop HMIS Sutlej". www.naval-history.net. ... "British, RN Sloops and Escorts of the First World War". www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 23 August 2016. "P boats of the First ... "Indian sloop HMIS Narbada". www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 11 July 2016. "HMIS Godavari (U 52) of the Royal Indian Navy - ...
Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 4 January 2012. "LCI(L)-339 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 4 ... "Steel Voyager". Uboat. Retrieved 24 April 2012. "Italian torpedo boat Ex-French". Warshipsww2. Retrieved 11 September 2014. " ... Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 30 December 2011. "Official Cronology of the US Navy in WWII". ... Navy Department, Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 3 January 2012. "LCT-366 of the US Navy". Uboat. Retrieved 9 ...
Steel cast the largest anvil block made in England, weighing 210 tons. By 1869 the company was making open hearth steel and ... HISTORY OF BOLTON: WITH MEMORIALS OF THE OLD PARISH CHURCH. Bolton: The Daily Chronicle Office. p. 451. Retrieved 18 November ... "Bolton Iron and Steel Co". Grace's Guide. Grace's Guide Ltd. Retrieved 6 December 2014. P. W. Pilling, Hick Hargreaves and Co ... Bessemer steel making began about 1860 - four six-ton Bessemer converters were installed during the 1860s, and experiments with ...
Steel Strings: A Youngstown rock history retrospective. ... "All the kids want to sniff some glue". Steel Strings. Retrieved ... "The ill-fated State Theater and Civic Center". Steel Strings. Retrieved 7 April 2013. "Starr Palace and the end of the line". ... ISBN 0-87338-691-4. "Youngstown Agora: 12-31-78 to 7-23-82". Steel Strings. Retrieved 7 April 2013. Schwab, Karl (July 23, 1978 ... Steel Strings. Retrieved 7 April 2013. "State Theatre razing on track, officials say". Youngstown Vindicator. November 28, 2008 ...
Big Show (Steel Stairs Match)". WWE. Retrieved 2 December 2014. "The Wrestling Classic results". Wrestling Supercards and ... "WWE Extreme Rules History". World Wrestling Entertainment. 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-25. "Specialty WWE matches: Hardcore match ... Shields, Brian; Sullivan, Kevin (2009). WWE: History of WrestleMania. p. 59. "Clash of Champions by the numbers: A match-by- ... Robinson, Jason (January 2009). "Cold Steel". WWE Magazine: pg. 49. McAvennie, Mike (21 May 2007). "The painful process of ...
In the Wilhelmshaven Roads on 20 January 1917, the ship struck a steel hawser that became entangled in the ship's starboard ... Halpern, Paul G. (1995). A Naval History of World War I. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-352-7. OCLC ... Biographies - a Mirror of Naval History from 1815 to the Present. (10 Volumes)] (in German). Mundus Verlag. Massie, Robert K. ( ... 2003). Castles of Steel. New York City: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-40878-5. OCLC 57134223. Staff, Gary (2010). German ...
Moubayed, Sami (2006). Steel and Silk. Cune Press. ISBN 1885942419. Provence, Michael (2005). The Great Syrian Revolt and the ... Rogan, Eugene L. (2011). The Arabs: A History. Basic Books. ISBN 0465025048. Thompson, Elizabeth (2000). Colonial Citizens: ...
269-. ISBN 978-0-89236-919-5. Sidney Pollard (1993). A History of Labour in Sheffield. Gregg Revivals. pp. 284-285. ISBN 978-0- ... 7512-0215-1. Iron and Steel. Louis Cassier. 1971. p. 80. Campbell, John (2003), Casting (2nd ed.), Butterworth-Heinemann, ISBN ... Aspects of Ceramic History: A Series of Papers Focusing on the Ceramic Artifact As Evidence of Cultural and Technical ...
"Erie - 1973-76". Steel Belt Wrestling. 2006-05-01. Retrieved 2009-07-05. "Ring Results: 1978". The History of WWE. Archived ... "CWA Super Heavyweight Title". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2008-02-27. "NWA Southeastern Tag Team Title". Wrestling Titles ...
Her bell is on display at the Military History Museum of the Bundeswehr in Dresden. The ship was 146.1 m (479 ft 4 in) long, ... ISBN 978-1-904381-11-2. Massie, Robert K. (2003). Castles of Steel. New York City: Ballantine Books. ISBN 978-0-345-40878-5. ... Halpern, Paul G. (1995). A Naval History of World War I. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-55750-352-7. OCLC ... Rheinland's bell is preserved at the Military History Museum of the Bundeswehr in Dresden. Battleships portal "SMS" stands for ...
History[edit]. The term 'computational neuroscience' was introduced by Eric L. Schwartz, who organized a conference, held in ... Pfeifer, R.; Schreter, Z.; Fogelman-Soulié, F.; Steels, L. (1989-08-23). Connectionism in Perspective. Elsevier. ISBN ...
Steel Construction Digest. American Institute of Steel Construction. 1944. Tyrell, Henry Grattan (1911). History of Bridge ... In 1890, the railroad hired the Phoenix Iron Company to build a new bridge, one of the first steel bridges in the country. The ... It functioned as a highway bridge for almost twenty years, until Interstate 40 was built with a new four-lane steel bridge. The ... and contained 750 tons of steel. It was designed by John Alexander Low Waddell and was built in eighty days under Wadell's ...
But the Steel struggled from then forward, losing its second match to the new look Central Pulse in Napier 47-42. The Steel ... The Steel kicked off its 2012 campaign against the Waikato Bay of Plenty Magic at home in Invercargill. The Steel welcomed the ... See the Southern Steel main article for more information The Southern Steel are a New Zealand netball team based in ... The Steel later lost to the Canterbury Tactix in Christchurch, before another defeat to the Melbourne Vixens 42-33. The Steel ...
This golden era for Bethlehem Steel was reflected not only on the balance sheets, but in the perks its executives enjoyed. They ... Bethlehem Steels habit of granting big contract increases, and then raising steel prices to pay for them, forced it into ... As Bethlehem Steel scaled back a work force that spent years building warships, the company refocused itself on producing steel ... as other companies and other countries developed more efficient ways to make steel, always with a cautious Bethlehem Steel ...
Steel production by country American Iron and Steel Institute British Steel Corporation Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation, in ... Politics of Steel: Western Europe and the Steel Industry in the Crisis Years (1974-1984) (1986) Scheuerman, William. The Steel ... For details of country-wise steel production see Steel production by country. Amongst the other newly steel-producing countries ... See also steel crisis. During the period 1974 to 1999, the steel industry had drastically reduced employment all around the ...
... : Primary Metals ... The primary quality issue facing the steel industry in the late 1990s was the cleanliness of steel. Clean steel is essential to ... 331512 (Steel Investment Foundries) Industry Snapshot Shipments from steel investment foundries were valued at $2.79 billion in ... Another issue facing steel investment foundries concerns the quality of the steel required to cast intricate parts. Because ...
As RHS steel pipe and tube became more in demand, the steel cutting became a more common service offered by steel manufacturers ... the steel industry works in conjunction with the Australian Government to make sure that steel manufacturing and steel cutting ... Australian Steel Distribution and Manufacturing in the 19th Century. As of the 1840s, the steel manufacturing industry was ... Despite high quality steel suppliers producing high quality local steel, there are still many manufacturers that send iron ore ...
Steel A Brief History. Roger Braithwaite Director zero environment Ltd tel : 01926 62 49 66 fax: 01926 62 49 26 [email protected] ... Art History -. chapter 3 arttalk textbook. what is art history?. art history is the record of art from past to present ever ... Intro to Art History -. art history. a. art history - focuses on recreating social, cultural, and economic contexts in which an ... sports history and the history of sports. whats the difference? sports history is a subdiscipline within a larger academic ...
History[edit]. Earlier the region was known as Manbhum. The area became prominent with the establishment of Steel Plant with ... As per 2011 Census of India, Bokaro Steel City Urban Agglomeration had a population of 564,319.[3] Bokaro Steel City Urban ... Bokaro Steel City is a city located in East India in the state of Jharkhand. It is the administrative headquarters of Bokaro ... Bokaro Steel City is well connected through roadways and it has one government bus stand which is located at Naya More, near Co ...
Publication History. *Published Online: 5 JAN 2006. *Published Print: 27 JUN 2000 ... Neumann, P., Allen, D. and Teuckhoff, E. (eds) (2000) Subject Index, in Steels and Materials for Power Plants, Volume 7, Wiley- ...
Steel industry[edit]. See also: History of the steel industry (1850-1970), Global steel industry trends, Steel production by ... History of steelmaking[edit]. Main articles: History of ferrous metallurgy and History of steel ... Wootz steel and Damascus steel[edit]. Main articles: Wootz steel and Damascus steel ... "American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI). Retrieved 2006-07-30.. *^ "Steel Interchange". American Institute of Steel ...
Chinas highly fragmented steel industry is poised for a major programme of consolidation that will create a strong top 10 of ... players in the worlds largest market for the metal, the steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal has predicted. ... Chinese multi billion steel industry faces consolidation Chinas highly fragmented steel industry is poised for a major ... "On a global basis, the steel industry is well consolidated, except in China," he says. "I hope we will see Chinas steel ...
Discover 89370 E Steel Ln, Government Camp, OR 97028 - recreational/entertainment (general) with 1,312 sq. ft., 2 beds, 1 bath ... Sale History. Date. Event. Price. Price/sq.ft.. Source. 1/2/2013 Sold $329,000 $251 Public Records ... The average sales price of homes similar to 89370 E Steel Ln is $457,830 ($358/sq.ft.) Address. Sold Price. Sold Date. Price/sq ... 89370 E Steel Ln is a recreational/entertainment (general) located in Government Camp, OR 97028. Built in 1945, this property ...
We preliminarily determine that carbon and certain alloy steel wire rod (wire rod) from Moldova is being, or is likely to be, ... Case History. On September 24, 2002, the Department initiated antidumping investigations of wire rod from Brazil, Canada, Egypt ... stainless steel; (b) tool steel; (c) high nickel steel; (d) ball bearing steel; and (e) concrete reinforcing bars and rods. ... The merchandise covered by these investigations is certain hot-rolled products of carbon steel and alloy steel, in coils, of ...
Case History On December 4, 2000 the Department initiated antidumping investigations of hot-rolled steel from Argentina, India ... steels, high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels, and the substrate for motor lamination steels. If steels are recognized as low ... Tool steels, as defined in the HTS. *Silico-manganese (as defined in the HTS) or silicon electrical steel with a silicon level ... HSLA steels are recognized as steels with micro-alloying levels of elements such as chromium, copper, niobium, vanadium, and ...
The History of Stainless Steel. 2010-01-01. This book provides a fascinating glimpse into a vital material that we may take for ... It includes chapters on cast iron, wrought iron, alloy steels, tool steels, stainless steels, nickel-base superalloys, aluminum ... The History of Metals in America. 2018-01-01. The History of Metals in America chronicles the development of metals as both an ... is a material marvel with an equally fascinating history of people, places, and technology. As stainless steel nears the 100th ...
Natural History in Public Schools. The Making of Steel Pens. Petroleum for Heat. ...
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In respect to the recent history of technology, however, one fact stands out clearly: despite the immense achievements of ... Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of material and the problem of distinguishing the ... the following decades witnessed more advance over a wide range of activities than the whole of previously recorded history. The ... In the 20th century steel alloys multiplied. Silicon steel was found to be useful because, in contrast to manganese steel, it ...
The steel industry has been in the top group in terms of relative performance for the last 4 years. Relative performance is the ... History. The steel industry has many constituents, including American stalwart US Steel (X). Many barrons made their fortunes ... Chinese steel production has grown from 13% of world steel production in 1995 to 32% in 2005. However, Chinas demand for steel ... Chinese steel production has grown from 13% of world steel production in 1995 to 32% in 2005. However, Chinas demand for steel ...
Though most rims are made of aluminum alloy, other rims are available, including those made of steel.... ... History. The first bike, invented in 1817 by Baron von Drais, had no pedals and had wheels made of wood. The rider propelled it ... Steel rims do not work as effectively as aluminum rims with rim brakes. The shoes on rim brakes do not grip well on steel rims ... Technically, steel rims are also made of an alloy - iron alloyed with other metals. Steel rims are often plated with chrome to ...
Listen to History audiobooks on your iPod, Android, Kindle or mp3 player. ... Download History audiobooks featuring best sellers and top-rated customer favorites. ... Germs and Steel examines the rise of civilization and the issues its development has raised throughout history.... ... Now, in this absorbing audiobook, English History: A Concise Overview of the History of England from Start to End, you can ...
Listen to History audiobooks on your iPod, Android, Kindle or mp3 player. ... Download History audiobooks featuring best sellers and top-rated customer favorites. ... Germs and Steel examines the rise of civilization and the issues its development has raised throughout history.... ... The history of pi, says the author, though a small part of the history of mathematics, is nevertheless a mirror of the history ...
... unless the mining and steel-making company can provide the agency with more information. In a July 31 petition, U.S. Steel ... Steels request to reclassify portions of the Dark River, which sits at the foot of the companys Minntac tailings basin, ... Power Rangers Ninja Steel Episodes 1-20 Season Recap , Superheroes History , Neo-Saban Kids. Power Rangers Ninja Steel Story ... HILLS OF STEEL 1VS1 HILLS OF STEEL 2VS2 HILLS OF STEEL 3VS3 HILLS OF STEEL TITAN HILLS OF STEEL Tesla Tank HILLS OF STEEL Best ...
Timeline for engineering history, including mechanical engineering. Featuring key dates and inventions/innovations. View as an ... William Kelly invents the blast furnace for steel production. 1856 - Bessemer steel process. Bessemers process for steel ... Mechanical engineering history timeline. Engineering has been an integral factor throughout history, from the first boats to ... Or find out more about our history, the history of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. ...
Stainless steel Viking appliances appear in the article, "A Shore Home for Sharing." Designer Ria Gulian creates an ideal ... Stainless steel Viking appliances appear in the article, "A Shore Home for Sharing." Designer Ria Gulian creates an ideal ... Our Hometown Of Greenwood And Its Rich History Are Featured In The MS Business Journal ...
... or used on a portable stainless steel cart. The 25,000 BTU stainless steel grill burners and heavy-duty rotisserie easily ... or used on a portable stainless steel cart. The 25,000 BTU stainless steel grill burners and heavy-duty rotisserie easily ... The Rest Is History. * Viking Professional Outdoor Grill Brings American BBQ Muscle To Blighty. ...
  • In the spring of 2016, I was Early Career International Research Fellow at the Australian Research Council Centre for the History of Emotions, 1100-1800. (dur.ac.uk)
  • From his early involvement in an asset-leasing deal with the Steel Company of Trinidad and Tobago in 1989 up until the acquisition of Arcelor in 2006, Lakshmi Mittal grew his empire into what became the world's largest steel company in the space of ~17 years . (wikinvest.com)
  • During the period 1974 to 1999, the steel industry had drastically reduced employment all around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • This golden era for Bethlehem Steel was reflected not only on the balance sheets, but in the perks its executives enjoyed. (mcall.com)
  • As Bethlehem Steel scaled back a work force that spent years building warships, the company refocused itself on producing steel for the cars and appliances that a suddenly prosperous America was craving. (mcall.com)
  • But like the rest of the nation, Bethlehem Steel was vulnerable in ways that were not so visible. (mcall.com)
  • Through it all, the steel industry was evolving, as other companies and other countries developed more efficient ways to make steel, always with a cautious Bethlehem Steel lagging. (mcall.com)
  • For escort Ellie Prizznick, the daughter of a Bethlehem Steel straightener who taught her the value of saving money, it was exasperating in the mid-1950s to see company executives immersing themselves in extravagance. (mcall.com)
  • When a Japanese ambassador, an African prime minister or other dignitaries were guests of Bethlehem Steel at the country club, the escorts had to be there. (mcall.com)
  • If the escorts were the working world's version of high school cheerleaders, the ''loopers'' college graduates who worked as Bethlehem Steel management trainees after being taken around a loop of the plant were the would-be football captains. (mcall.com)
  • In response to the surrounding community's desire to commemorate the history of Bethlehem Steel, Speirs + Major created a lighting concept for the site that recall the steel production process. (colorkinetics.com)
  • The imposition of hefty tariffs on certain steel imports from Vietnam puts certain ETFs with exposure to a few Southeast Asian nations in focus. (yahoo.com)
  • But history has proved how disastrous such tariffs can be for our whole economy. (likethedew.com)
  • It will be the same with the new tariffs on steel and aluminum, until President Trump learns the same hard lesson that Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren, Ulysses Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, Benjamin Harrison, Grover Cleveland, Herbert Hoover, Richard Nixon, and George W. Bush had to discover. (likethedew.com)
  • Such trends occurred until George W. Bush's brief foray into tariffs, when he imposed his own taxes on foreign steel. (likethedew.com)
  • Stainless steel investment castings claimed 18 percent of total shipments, garnering $423 million. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • Blücher, a Watts Water Technologies company, is a global manufacturer of stainless-steel drainage systems for applications ranging from bathrooms to large industrial facilities. (pmmag.com)
  • Blücher's product range includes standard and customized floor drains, drainage pipes and drainage channels - all in stainless steel, ensuring high quality, flow and hygiene with minimal maintenance. (pmmag.com)
  • The weight of a drainage system can be reduced by more than 20 percent with the use of stainless steel. (pmmag.com)
  • Stainless steel also is 100 percent recyclable, making it an environmentally friendly solution. (pmmag.com)
  • Drs 540 Micro Needles Derma Roller Micro Needle Dermaroller, Skin Beauty Roller,Stainless Steel Needle Roller. (dhgate.com)
  • Steel has an important role to play in the Australian economy, with roughly 500,000 tonnes being produced in 2018 alone. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • Steel production in India is expected to reach 124 million tons by 2012 and 500 million tons by 2020 which could make it the second largest steel maker. (wikipedia.org)
  • Copper melts at just over 1,000 °C , while tin melts around 250 °C. Steel melts at around 1,370 °C. Both temperatures could be reached with ancient methods that have been used for at least six thousand years (since the Bronze Age). (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Harsco (HSC) supplies mill services for the steel industry. (wikinvest.com)
  • Commissioning of further expansion of Orissa Project PhaseII consisting of HR Coil Mill, Steel making, Blast Furnance, Sinter plant, Coke oven plant, Oxygen plant and Lime & Calcining Plant. (radiomortale.nl)
  • Bethlehem Steel's habit of granting big contract increases, and then raising steel prices to pay for them, forced it into several confrontations with American presidents who thought the industry was run by greedy profiteers. (mcall.com)
  • The global steel industry has been going through major changes since 1970. (wikipedia.org)
  • The world steel industry peaked in 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • Steel is no more the labour-intensive industry it used to be. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, steel being a basic industry, it generates substantial growth of both upstream and downstream facilities. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to some estimates one person-year of employment in the steel industry generates 3.5 person-years of employment elsewhere. (wikipedia.org)
  • The steel industry had reduced its employment around the world by more than 1,500,000 in 25 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nonspecific steel investment foundries represented the remaining 6 percent of total industry shipments. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • The materials consumed by this industry were primarily those used to make steel. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • Relatively few steel foundries, with respect to the entire steel foundry industry, used the investment casting process exclusively. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • With Australia being such a large and open continent, the need for Australia to produce steel for railway lines, infrastructure and build industry was dire, particularly towards the end of the 19th century. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • As of the 1840s, the steel manufacturing industry was attempted in several locations around Australia. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • Other areas that were booming at the time, that required bulk amounts of steel included the development of real estate and assisting the growth industry. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • By and large, the steel industry works in conjunction with the Australian Government to make sure that steel manufacturing and steel cutting in Australia gets the right opportunities to grow. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • The Australian steel industry looks like it set to still play a key role in the development of the overall economy. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • On a global basis, the steel industry is well consolidated, except in China," he says. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • I hope that will happen soon because it will create a system for the steel industry. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Mr Mittal believes the rules could be relaxed after Chinese steel industry consolidation. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The steel industry has been in the top group in terms of relative performance for the last 4 years. (wikinvest.com)
  • China has been a major force in the steel industry . (wikinvest.com)
  • The steel industry has many constituents, including American stalwart US Steel (X) . Many barrons made their fortunes in the steel industry when it was a non-commodity. (wikinvest.com)
  • Cleveland-Cliffs (CLF) is a major iron ore and metallurgical coal supplier to the U.S. steel industry. (wikinvest.com)
  • It is common today to talk about "the iron and steel industry" as if it were a single thing-it is today, but historically they were separate products. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Since its invention decades ago, steel has been a crucial material in nearly every industry. (hubpages.com)
  • 1511 words - 6 pages Steel Industry In the early part of this century was a time when industry was booming with growth around the installation of major railroads. (brightkite.com)
  • The steel industry has a rich history. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The modern steel industry is inseparable from the second Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A handful of firms led by U.S. Steel dominated the industry. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Supportive Keynesian policies propped up the U.S. economy, maintained industry profits, and accommodated high wages for steel workers. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Steel is also a strategic industry with direct links to the defense sector. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Strikes in the steel industry were commonplace as conflict over wages and working conditions became paramount under rapid growth. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Today, steel is one of the most common man-made materials in the world, with more than 1.6 billion tons produced annually. (wikipedia.org)
  • The noun steel originates from the Proto-Germanic adjective stahliją or stakhlijan ( made of steel ), which is related to stahlaz or stahliją ( standing firm ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Though most rims are made of aluminum alloy, other rims are available, including those made of steel. (livestrong.com)
  • Technically, steel rims are also made of an alloy - iron alloyed with other metals. (livestrong.com)
  • In rims, and in bikes for that matter, lightness is valued more than flexibility, so you see more rims and frames made from alloy than steel. (livestrong.com)
  • Steel with increased carbon content can be made harder and stronger than iron, but is also more brittle. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • It was an all rivet barge made by the Orange Car and Steel. (unt.edu)
  • Bulk steel production was made possible by Henry Bessemer in 1855, when he obtained British patents for a pneumatic steelmaking process. (britannica.com)
  • Thus, steel could be made away from a source of liquid iron. (britannica.com)
  • The company is also continuously developing processing technologies for steel: for example, tailored products are made of steels of different thicknesses, strengths and surface properties, their design precisely matched to the loads which will occur in the finished part. (thyssenkrupp.com)
  • About the middle of the eleventh century," writes Carl Köhler in A History of Costume , "clothes began to be made so close-fitting that they followed the lines of the body from shoulders to hips like a glove. (slate.com)
  • California, with 19, was home to the greatest number of steel investment foundries, followed by Michigan with 18 and Ohio with 16. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • California also led the nation in shipments of steel investment castings in 1997, with shipments valued at over $260 million, or about 11.0 percent of the U.S. total. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • Special collections: architecture & California history (San Juan Capistrano), art (Laguna Beach), black studies (Tustin), computers (Laguna Niguel-Crown Valley), costumes (Cypress), medicine (Seal Beach-Leisure World), music (Garden Grove Regional), Santa Ana Mountains history (Silverado), talking books (Westminster). (latimes.com)
  • Special collections: business, California history, genealogy. (latimes.com)
  • ArcelorMittal is a minority shareholder with stakes of less than 35pc in two Chinese steel companies but is currently not permitted to take majority control of local production. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • ArcelorMittal USA steel mills in the Calumet Region have been recognized for their environmental stewardship and maintaining "quality habitat for wildlife" and for its "conservation education and community outreach initiatives. (nwitimes.com)
  • These are the deep concrete and steel foundations for bridges, overpasses, and elevated roadways, among other freeway structures. (sfgate.com)
  • Exposure levels reported during heavy structural steel demolition work involving acetylene torch cutting, welding, and abrasive blasting can be more than 100 times greater than the permissible exposure limit (PEL) set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for construction (200 µg/m³), which was in effect at the time of this study (the PEL was reduced to 50 µg/m³ in 1993). (environmental-expert.com)
  • By the 1940s Australia had atlas four blast furnaces specifically designed for steel manufacturing. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • Steel was produced in bloomery furnaces for thousands of years, but its large-scale, industrial use only began after more efficient production methods were devised in the 17th century, with the production of blister steel and then crucible steel . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Minnesota Pollution Control Agency will not support U.S. Steel 's request to reclassify portions of the Dark River , which sits at the foot of the company's Minntac tailings basin, unless the mining and steel-making company can provide the agency with more information. (wn.com)
  • During the 1930s, the company's steel workers fought to unionize, and tensions mounted. (belluckfox.com)
  • Keeping up in a globalised world is not easy, but Australia has maintained it's reputation as a high quality producer of steel. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • The newly expanded Republic Steel became the third-largest producer of steel in the U.S. (belluckfox.com)
  • Aluminum alloy has a specific gravity of 168.5 while steel has a specific gravity of 490. (livestrong.com)
  • Aluminum weighs about a third of what steel does. (livestrong.com)
  • Since aluminum alloy is lighter than steel it provides the wheel with less rotational mass, meaning less energy is necessary to accelerate the wheel. (livestrong.com)
  • Steel has greater strength than aluminum per given volume, but it weighs much more. (livestrong.com)
  • When the volume of aluminum is increased so steel and aluminum are of the same strength, steel has greater flexibility, but aluminum has less weight. (livestrong.com)
  • Steel rims do not work as effectively as aluminum rims with rim brakes. (livestrong.com)
  • The quality and strict guidelines adhered to by modern Australian steel manufacturers has led Australian steel suppliers to lead the way in global high quality steel. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • Modern steel is generally identified by various grades defined by assorted standards organizations . (wikipedia.org)
  • Though available at shops and online, steel rims are rarely used on modern bikes. (livestrong.com)
  • We will also briefly look at the history of procrastination and whether or not it is a modern phenomenon. (wikiversity.org)
  • Ohio's shipments accounted for 10.1 percent of the total, while Michigan produced steel investment castings worth over $224 million, which represented 9.6 percent of the nation's total. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • Australia was primarily an agricultural economy at the time, as a result Australia required more steel than ever to help keep up with the nation's increasing agricultural productivity. (tenbreakfast.com.au)
  • This is one of several pages relating to the history of the automatic totalisator, its invention in 1913, the inventor George Julius and the Australian company he founded in 1917 which became a monopoly ( later part of an oligopoly ) in this field. (ozemail.com.au)
  • The Human Footprint: A Global Environmental History, Second Edition , presents a multidisciplinary global history of Earth from its origins to the present day. (wiley.com)
  • Although many workers at Republic Steel directly handled asbestos-containing materials, direct contact with the dangerous materials was not necessary for exposure. (belluckfox.com)
  • The earliest known button, writes Ian McNeil in An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology , "was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening, the earliest known being found at Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley [now Pakistan]. (slate.com)
  • An investigation carried out by Aitkin (as cited by Steel, 2007) found that the work was never actually written (a book on procrastination that was never completed! (wikiversity.org)
  • Combining epic history with rich family stories, Michael Korda chronicles the outbreak of World War II and the great events that led to Dunkirk. (audible.com)
  • In 2011 Miss Steel was inducted into the World Croquet Federation Hall of Fame. (wikipedia.org)
  • Engineering has been an integral factor throughout history, from the first boats to present day projects to improve renewable energy, and a crucial instrument of change and development. (imeche.org)
  • The steel mills and research and development centers will be honored for 17 habitat restoration programs, including restoring dune and swale habitat, planting trees, controlling invasive species, and providing environmental education programs for local school children. (nwitimes.com)
  • The history and development of ultrahigh carbon steels (i.e., steels containing between 1 and 2.l percent C and now known as UHCS) are described. (unt.edu)
  • The result is an exciting new history of the English people, and a ground-breaking analysis of their development. (abbeys.com.au)
  • ThyssenKrupp Steel also recently became one of Volkswagen's Sustainability Partners, a group of suppliers who, like ThyssenKrupp Steel in its recently published sustainability report, commit explicitly to the goals of sustainable development. (thyssenkrupp.com)
  • ThyssenKrupp Steel plays a leading role in the development of innovative steel grades which offer high strength and formability at low thicknesses. (thyssenkrupp.com)
  • In response the challenges of the economy, steel producers came up withe ever more innovative ways to improve their practices and generate new technologies to improve the quality of Australian steel. (tenbreakfast.com.au)