The philosophical view that conceptions of truth and moral values are not absolute but are relative to the persons or groups holding them. (from American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed)
The branch of philosophy that treats of first principles, including ontology (the nature of existence or being) and cosmology (the origin and structure of the universe). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
A collective term for a group of around nine geometric and positional isomers of LINOLEIC ACID in which the trans/cis double bonds are conjugated, where double bonds alternate with single bonds.
Facilities equipped for performing surgery.
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Frequency and quality of negative emotions, e.g., anger or hostility, expressed by family members or significant others, that often lead to a high relapse rate, especially in schizophrenic patients. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that contains the Phl p 4 allergen.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Warfare involving the use of living organisms or their products as disease etiologic agents against people, animals, or plants.
Chemicals that are used to cause the disturbance, disease, or death of humans during WARFARE.
Tactical warfare using incendiary mixtures, smokes, or irritant, burning, or asphyxiating gases.
The life of a person written by himself or herself. (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Literary and oral genre expressing meaning via symbolism and following formal or informal patterns.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Sexual intercourse between persons so closely related that they are forbidden by law to marry.
A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The bestowing of tangible or intangible benefits, voluntarily and usually without expectation of anything in return. However, gift giving may be motivated by feelings of ALTRUISM or gratitude, by a sense of obligation, or by the hope of receiving something in return.
A group of religious bodies tracing their origin to Joseph Smith in 1830 and accepting the Book of Mormon as divine revelation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)

Early medieval cattle remains from a Scandinavian settlement in Dublin: genetic analysis and comparison with extant breeds. (1/361)

A panel of cattle bones excavated from the 1000-year-old Viking Fishamble Street site in Dublin was assessed for the presence of surviving mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). Eleven of these bones gave amplifiable mtDNA and a portion of the hypervariable control region was determined for each specimen. A comparative analysis was performed with control region sequences from five extant Nordic and Irish cattle breeds. The medieval population displayed similar levels of mtDNA diversity to modern European breeds. However, a number of novel mtDNA haplotypes were also detected in these bone samples. In addition, the presence of a putative ancestral sequence at high frequency in the medieval population supports an early post-domestication expansion of cattle in Europe.  (+info)

How microbial ancient DNA, found in association with human remains, can be interpreted. (2/361)

The analysis of the DNA of ancient micro-organisms in archaeological and palaeontological human remains can contribute to the understanding of issues as different as the spreading of a new disease, a mummification process or the effect of diets on historical human populations. The quest for this type of DNA, however, can represent a particularly demanding task. This is mainly due to the abundance and diffusion of bacteria, fungi, yeasts, algae and protozoans in the most diverse environments of the present-day biosphere and the resulting difficulty in distinguishing between ancient and modern DNA. Nevertheless, at least under some special circumstances, by using rigorous protocols, which include an archaeometric survey of the specimens and evaluation of the palaeoecological consistency of the results of DNA sequence analysis, glimpses of the composition of the original microbial flora (e.g. colonic flora) can be caught in ancient human remains. Potentials and pitfalls of this research field are illustrated by the results of research works performed on prehistoric, pre-Columbian and Renaissance human mummies.  (+info)

Analysis of ancient DNA from a prehistoric Amerindian cemetery. (3/361)

The Norris Farms No. 36 cemetery in central Illinois has been the subject of considerable archaeological and genetic research. Both mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA have been examined in this 700-year-old population. DNA preservation at the site was good, with about 70% of the samples producing mtDNA results and approximately 15% yielding nuclear DNA data. All four of the major Amerindian mtDNA haplogroups were found, in addition to a fifth haplogroup. Sequences of the first hypervariable region of the mtDNA control region revealed a high level of diversity in the Norris Farms population and confirmed that the fifth haplogroup associates with Mongolian sequences and hence is probably authentic. Other than a possible reduction in the number of rare mtDNA lineages in many populations, it does not appear as if European contact significantly altered patterns of Amerindian mtDNA variation, despite the large decrease in population size that occurred. For nuclear DNA analysis, a novel method for DNA-based sex identification that uses nucleotide differences between the X and Y copies of the amelogenin gene was developed and applied successfully in approximately 20 individuals. Despite the well-known problems of poor DNA preservation and the ever-present possibility of contamination with modern DNA, genetic analysis of the Norris Farms No. 36 population demonstrates that ancient DNA can be a fruitful source of new insights into prehistoric populations.  (+info)

Genotypic analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from medieval human remains. (4/361)

Three medieval bone samples with osteological evidence of tuberculosis infection were analysed for the presence of DNA sequences from Mycobacterium tuberculosis using a series of PCRs. In each case amplification of IS6110 and part of the beta-subunit of RNA polymerase identified infection with a bacterium belonging to the M. tuberculosis complex. Amplification of the mtp40 genome fragment and the presence of a guanine residue at position 285 in the oxyR pseudogene, demonstrated the infecting strain to be similar to present day M. tuberculosis isolates rather than to Mycobacterium bovis. Spoligotyping, based on amplification of the direct repeat (DR) region of the mycobacterial genome, provided further evidence of similarity to M. tuberculosis and indicated a close relationship between isolates associated with two separate medieval burials. The study demonstrates the feasibility of amplifying multiple M. tuberculosis loci in ancient human remains and suggests important applications in the study of the palaeoepidemiology and virulence of tuberculosis in past populations.  (+info)

Abandonment of terminally ill patients in the Byzantine era. An ancient tradition? (5/361)

Our research on the texts of the Byzantine historians and chroniclers revealed an apparently curious phenomenon, namely, the abandonment of terminally ill emperors by their physicians when the latter realised that they could not offer any further treatment. This attitude tallies with the mentality of the ancient Greek physicians, who even in Hippocratic times thought the treatment and care of the terminally ill to be a challenge to nature and hubris to the gods. Nevertheless, it is a very curious attitude in the light of the concepts of the Christian Byzantine physicians who, according to the doctrines of the Christian religion, should have been imbued with the spirit of philanthropy and love for their fellowmen. The meticulous analysis of three examples of abandonment of Byzantine emperors, and especially that of Alexius I Comnenus, by their physicians reveals that this custom, following ancient pagan ethics, in those times took on a ritualised form without any significant or real content.  (+info)

Graffiti - visual memory of Croatian history. (6/361)

Throughout the Middle Ages a unique Croatian Glagolitic script co-existed with Latin and western Cyrillic scripts, thus creating an open, large, and tolerant cultural environment. Many works common to European cultural heritage were translated into Croatian (Church Slavonic) language and preserved in the Glagolitic script. Among the oldest preserved Glagolitic monuments carved in stone are the so-called tables from Baska on the island Krk and Valun (11th-12th century) containing not only many names and church dedications but also valuable historical data. For centuries this script also provided a vehicle of transferring and preserving medical knowledge.  (+info)

Age estimate of the N370S mutation causing Gaucher disease in Ashkenazi Jews and European populations: A reappraisal of haplotype data. (7/361)

The N370S mutation at the GBA locus on human chromosome 1q21, which causes Gaucher disease (GD), has a high frequency in the Ashkenazim and is the second-most-widespread GD mutation in the European non-Jewish population. A common ancient origin for the N370S mutation in the Ashkenazi Jewish and Spanish populations has been proposed on the basis of both a similar haplotype for associated markers and an age estimate that suggests that this mutation appeared several thousand years ago. However, a reappraisal of haplotype data, using the Risch formula properly along with a Luria-Delbruck setting of the genetic clock, allows identification of the likely origin of the N370S mutation in Ashkenazi Jews between the 11th and 13th centuries. This result is consistent with the estimated ages of other mutations that are frequent among Ashkenazim, with the exception of type II (Glu117Stop) factor XI deficiency, which is deemed to be >3000 years old, predating the separation of the Ashkenazi and Iraqi Jews. The present finding supports the hypothesis of a more recent origin for the N370S mutation and is consistent with both a founder chromosome transfer from Ashkenazim who assimilated in some European populations and a non-Jewish origin of the European N370S-bearing chromosomes.  (+info)

Ophthalmology's future in the next decade: a historical and comparative perspective. (8/361)

PURPOSE: To gain a historical and comparative perspective about the future of ophthalmology within the profession of medicine. METHODS: A literature search is made of disciplines other than medicine (history, sociology, philosophy, economics, and ethics) in order to assess factors responsible for survival and healthiness of a profession. The "learned" professions (medicine, law, and theology) are assessed. Other "professional" careers valued by society (sports and classical music) are reviewed. RESULTS: From the perspective of other disciplines, the future of ophthalmology is seen as vulnerable and fragile. Survival of professions, be they classically or economically defined, is linked to societal needs, a profession's unique commitment and ability to provide services to society, and the profession's maintenance of knowledge as well as skill-based services. Historical evidence has shown erosion of a profession's power consequent to capitalist influences, government influences, access of skills by less trained individuals, and elitist posturing by a profession. Comparative evidence has shown societal acceptance of an escalation of salaries for designated superstars, increasing roles and influence of managerial personnel, and trivialization of values other than economic ones. CONCLUSION: Attention to historical and comparative trends by individual ophthalmologists as well as associations representing ophthalmologists is mandatory if ophthalmology as we know it is to survive within the profession of medicine.  (+info)

Central European type of finished parchment made of goatskin stretched on a wooden frame ( Wikimedia Commons ). Professor Matthew Collins, head of the University of Yorks Department of Archaeologys BioArCh research center, said: We believe the two specimens derive from an unimproved northern hill-sheep typical in Yorkshire in the 17th century, and from a sheep derived from the improved flocks, such as those bred in the Midlands by Robert Bakewell, which were spreading through England in the 18th century. We want to understand the history of agriculture in these islands over the last 1,000 years and, with this breath-taking resource, we can. Writing in The Royal Society Publishing , the researchers estimated there could be 4 million or more ancient parchments in Britain alone because the primary method of inscribing was on parchment until paper replaced parchment in the later Middle Ages, around the 15 th century. Many parchment documents were protected from heat and moisture damage in the ...
The word parchment evolved (via the Latin pergamenum and the French parchemin) from the name of the city of Pergamon, which was a thriving center of parchment production during the Hellenistic period.[9] The city so dominated the trade that a legend later arose which said that parchment had been invented in Pergamon to replace the use of papyrus which had become monopolized by the rival city of Alexandria. This account, originating in the writings of Pliny the Elder (Natural History, Book XII, 69-70), is dubious because parchment had been in use in Anatolia and elsewhere long before the rise of Pergamon.[10] Herodotus mentions writing on skins as common in his time, the 5th century BC; and in his Histories (v.58) he states that the Ionians of Asia Minor had been accustomed to give the name of skins (diphtherai) to books; this word was adapted by Hellenized Jews to describe scrolls.[11] In the 2nd century BC, a great library was set up in Pergamon that rivaled the famous Library of Alexandria. As ...
download of Latin American Studies( HLAS) A many annotated type of able data, number datasets, archive conditions, connections criteria and top times. HarpWeek Harper policies Weekly challenged America mutations mentoring West blog was evidence. This download parks in medieval england medieval takes Kernel-based knowledge to all database offered from 1857-1912 and is a political computation for application about information data, exchanges, and revision of the US.
Parchment Northwood Elementary School, Parchment School District, Kalamazoo has a homepage to make vocabulary and spelling lists available to students to study at school or home. Students can take vocabulary and spelling tests online and play many learning games with their word lists for reinforcement.
This synthesis of historical studies of the Black Death undertakes two tasks: to track the epidemic from its origin in the Golden Horde in 1346-not [End Page 514] (as some have argued) in China in the 1330s-through its entry into Europe via Italy in late 1347, up to its departure via Russia in 1353; and to determine the percentage of the population that died in each region as a result. The author upholds the traditional argument that the Black Death was caused by bubonic plague and advances a new hypothesis that 60 percent of Europes population died in the epidemic, a figure that has been proposed previously only for certain localities and never as a general mortality rate. Although this work comes after some years of international debate, it offers no discussion of the current historical and scientific literature that seeks to determine what disease caused the epidemic.. The epidemic is described using a military metaphor with the disease as a ruthless general, and travelers, rats, and fleas ...
to, the black death. During this time period the Black Death was a major factor in Europe from when it swept threw from 1300 to 1450. Many people said it
Shop JAM Paper® A8 Invitation Envelopes, 5.5 x 8.125, Parchment Pink Recycled, 25/pack (63750) at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of JAM Paper® A8 Invitation Envelopes, 5.5 x 8.125, Parchment Pink Recycled, 25/pack (63750) and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
Baking in parchment packets is a simple way to seal in the juices and the flavor of delicate fish. Substitute foil for the parchment paper, if necessary.
Baking in parchment packets is a simple way to seal in the juices and the flavor of delicate fish. Substitute foil for the parchment paper, if necessary.
Black Death and AIDS are global pandemics that have captured the popular imagination, both attracting extravagant hypotheses to account for their origins and geographical distributions. Medical scientists have recently attempted to connect these two great pandemics. Some argue that the Black Death of 1346-52 was responsible for a genetic shift that conferred a degree of resistance to HIV 1 infection, that this shift was almost unique to European descendents, and that it mirrors the intensity of Black Death mortality within Europe. Such a hypothesis is not supported by the historical evidence: the Black Death did not strike Europe alone but spread from the east, devastating regions such as China, North Africa, and the Middle East as much or even more than Europe. Further, in Europe its levels of mortality do not correspond with the geographic distribution of the proportion of descendents with this CCR5 gene. If anything, the gradient of Black Death mortality sloped in the opposite direction from ...
This is easy. Mix dry ingredients and set aside. Combine wet ingredients in a glass measuring cup and whisk to combine. Add wet to dry ingredients and stir with a wooden spoon until dough forms. Divide dough in half to make two balls. Place one ball on a piece of parchment paper and top with a second piece of parchment. Roll out to an even 1/8-thickness (dont worry about the shape if you can). Remove top parchment and make vertical then horizontal slices in the rolled dough using a pizza cutter. Prick dough with a fork, or a tool like I have that I think is for pricking pastry (its awesome!). Pick up the parchment and transfer to a cookie sheet. Repeat process for other ball of dough. Discard the parchment topper sheet...it just saves you from having to scrub the rolling pin, and not having to dust flour around! ...
DOZENS of medics treating patients infected by the lethal Black Death plague ravaging Madagascar have been struck down by the deadly disease.
Archaeologists recently unearthed 25 skeletons of Black Death victims in London, and their DNA is revising our understanding of the pandemic.
Find essays and research papers on Black Death at zpkqsa.info. Weve helped millions of students since 1999. Join the worlds largest study community.
The feudal system began to decline after the Black Death struck Europe in the late 1340s. The feudal system joined politics and grouped together the social...
AIDS will surpass the Black Death as the worlds worst pandemic if the 40 million people living with HIV or AIDS do not get life prolonging drugs.
In article ,E0yMs1.K6v at cix.compulink.co.uk,, ecoli at cix.compulink.co.uk (K N and P J Harris) wrote: ,, ========== ,, bionet/microbiology #4284, from sb34 at york.ac.uk, 2136 chars, 10 Nov ,1996 06:35:23 -0 ,, ---------- ,, Article: 5285 of bionet.microbiology ,, Path: ,cix.compulink.co.uk!news.compulink.co.uk!dispatch.news.demon.net!demon!w ,ww.nntp.primenet.com!nntp.primenet.com!nntp.uio.no!nntp-oslo.UNINETT.no! ,nntp-trd.UNINETT.no!daresbury!biosci!york.ac.uk!sb3 ,, 4 ,, From: sb34 at york.ac.uk (Sidsel Barfoed) ,, Newsgroups: bionet.microbiology ,, Subject: The Black Death ,, Date: 10 Nov 1996 06:35:23 -0800 ,, Organization: BIOSCI International Newsgroups for Molecular Biology ,, Lines: 34 ,, Sender: daemon at net.bio.net ,, Distribution: world ,, Message-ID: ,ECS9611101443A at york.ac.uk, ,, NNTP-Posting-Host: net.bio.net ,, ,, ,, I have taken the liberty of subscribing to your list even though I ,am not a microbiologist. ,, ,, My name is Sidsel Barfoed, I am a postgraduate student ...
Genetics and the Black Death - Studies May Help Us Understand The Evolution of Disease by Aubrey Collopy | This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool for creating beautiful newsletters for for educators, nonprofits, businesses and more
Remember THAT guy standing extreme-left of the pic seen on Machine56s Instagram? Dudes known as Black Death from the Bonehead crew, and he is now available to pre-order as a 1/6th-scaled action figure ...
Study Flashcards On The Black Death at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
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Help no parchment paper, All Answers ltd, Final Law Essay Evaluation (t, March 2020) t/law-help/essay/final_p?vref1 accessed Reference Copied to Clipboard. Teacher, Law. (November 2013).
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Cooking the salmon in parchment paper is the perfect technique for a GERD friendly fish recipe. It lets you control exactly how much fat to use for your fish. Easy clean up is a great bonus.
Niccolò di Iacopo di Alberti, nicknamed Father of the Poor, was known for financing hospitals during the Black Death. Decades of fighting eventually saw Niccolòs family, Alberti Del Giudice, emerge as the dominant banking descendant; enacting the Peace of Lodi in 1454, which saw peace for the next 40 years. Whereas the vast realms of Spain and France were monarchies, and citizens were under absolutist villa control, the Kingdom of Italy took on new perspectives of banking constructed on monastic estates and set off a major economic revolution that funded not only the Early Modern Age, but forged all historical sites cited before the Medieval Times. Contrary to popular belief, personification of nature (the Black Death) killed almost everybody in the world. However, the recovery allowed the bloom of Renaissance in the 15th century, representing the fertility of Earth ...
Today was the first full day of class in Cluny. We brushed up on biochemistry and microbiology so that everyone was on the same page. I can now wake up at 3 AM and tell you that fructose-1,6-bisphosphate is the intermediate the regulates glycolysis-in the EMP pathway thanks to Dr. Haggbloms why and how discussion. Having a small class and learning by discussing really helped retain and learn the science. To recharge ourselves, we went out to lunch in Cluny to a local café. I had the most delicious pea and carrot soup with emmental cheese and garlic croutons with a glass of Macon rosé wine. Gastronomy and taking time to eat is a big part of the French culture. There is no such thing as to go here because everybody eats a proper lunch here and it considered vulgar to rush food. Local stores and shops close in between 12-2PM for a lunch break, while people flock at the local cafés even for just a cup of coffee. There is no such thing as coffee to go either! For dessert, we had espresso ...
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Students who attain an average of grade 11.0 or above at the first sitting in the requisite 2000-level modules and who meet all other programme requirements will be given automatic offers of entry into Honours programmes*.*Apart from students on Integrated Masters degrees. Students permitted automatic entry to Honours will only be permitted to trail one module to a maximum of 30 sub-honours credits into Honours.. Some Schools permit qualified entry to Honours (see www.st-andrews.ac.uk/media/teaching-and-learning/policies/honsentry.pdf ). ...
June 14, 2012 - HEALTH - Although the plague is typically considered a remnant of the Middle Ages, when unsanitary conditions and rodent infestations prevailed amid the squalor of poverty, this rare but deadly disease appears to be spreading through wealthier communities in New Mexico, researchers report. Why the plague is popping up in affluent…
As the rains raged on in 1340s Europe, most of the crops rotted, leading to food shortages in a colder environment. Amidst the malnourished population, rodents, fleas and perhaps even lice were spreading a disease that had most likely never before infected humankind, and would wipe out up to half of...
Boccaccio wrote, ... in men and women alike there appeared, at the beginning of the malady, certain swellings, either on the groin or under the armpits, whereof some waxed of the bigness of a common apple, others like unto an egg, some more and some less, and these the vulgar named plagueboils ... to appear and come indifferently in every part of the body; wherefrom, after awhile, the fashion of the contagion began to change into black or livid blotches, which showed themselves in many, first on the arms and about the thighs and after spread to every other part of the person ... a very certain token of coming death ...
HUMA 13018/11/14 Have you ever been interested in apocalyptic scenarios and wondered if one would ever happen during your lifetime? Naturally, everything would probably be riddled in death, chaos, and ultimately the collapse of life as you knew it. Suc...
This article was first published in issue 13, volume 1 / 2011 of The Dot Connector Magazine, official publication of Sott.net. Comets are vile stars. Every time they appear in the south, they wipe out the old and establish the new. Fish grow...
No; it had much of the appearance of paper, and at first I supposed it to be such, but when I came to draw upon it, I discovered it, at once, to be a piece of very thin parchment. It was quite dirty, you remember. Well, as I was in the very act of crumpling it up, my glance fell upon the sketch at which you had been looking, and you may imagine my astonishment when I perceived, in fact, the figure of a deaths-head just where, it seemed to me, I had made the drawing of the beetle. For a moment I was too much amazed to think with accuracy. I knew that my design was very different in detail from this --although there was a certain similarity in general outline. Presently I took a candle, and seating myself at the other end of the room, proceeded to scrutinize the parchment more closely. Upon turning it over, I saw my own sketch upon the reverse, just as I had made it. My first idea, now, was mere surprise at the really remarkable similarity of outline --at the singular coincidence involved in the ...
Parchment Paper- I just discovered the joys of parchment paper. Those of you who use it regularly where do you buy? Online? Reynolds? Can you bakers hook ...
1) Preheat the oven to 350°F. Lightly grease a 9 round cake pan at least 2 deep. Line the bottom with parchment, and grease the parchment.2) Slice the top, including the stem, off one of the apples and set it aside before peeling and slicing the rest of the apples into 1/4 thick wedges.3) Place the apple top, stem side down, in the middle of the pan, and overlap the rest of the apple wedges in a ring around it. 4) Prepare the topping by heating the butter, sugar, boiled cider, cinnamon, and corn syrup together over low heat, stirring until the sugar is dissolved. 5) Pour 1/2 cup of the syrup mixture into the prepared pan, and set the rest aside.6) To make the cake: Beat the oil, brown sugar, boiled cider, eggs, spices, and salt together for 2 minutes at medium speed7) Mix the flour with the baking soda, and stir it into the batter.8) Add the chopped apple and nuts, and mix until just blended.9) Drop scoops of the batter atop the apples in the pan, gently spreading to cover.10) Bake the cake ...
1) Preheat the oven to 350°F. Lightly grease a 9 round cake pan at least 2 deep. Line the bottom with parchment, and grease the parchment.2) Slice the top, including the stem, off one of the apples and set it aside before peeling and slicing the rest of the apples into 1/4 thick wedges.3) Place the apple top, stem side down, in the middle of the pan, and overlap the rest of the apple wedges in a ring around it. 4) Prepare the topping by heating the butter, sugar, boiled cider, cinnamon, and corn syrup together over low heat, stirring until the sugar is dissolved. 5) Pour 1/2 cup of the syrup mixture into the prepared pan, and set the rest aside.6) To make the cake: Beat the oil, brown sugar, boiled cider, eggs, spices, and salt together for 2 minutes at medium speed7) Mix the flour with the baking soda, and stir it into the batter.8) Add the chopped apple and nuts, and mix until just blended.9) Drop scoops of the batter atop the apples in the pan, gently spreading to cover.10) Bake the cake ...
The Black Death had substantially different impacts on populations and exacerbated social change in many regions. In Western Europe, where populations were generally higher prior to the Black Death, the reduction of population made the remaining peasants and workers better able to negotiate higher wages (Figure 1). Revolts and rebellions occurred after the plague, but it ultimately helped lead to major social changes. It also led to the death of some of the nobility. Law changes to inheritance, allowing women in particular to inherit, led to gradual gender changes and increasing power for women in Europe in particular. Serfs also increased their power as their wages went up. In the long-term, the plague helped stamp out serfdom in Western Europe. In the immediate sense, serfs and nobility often fought in the years after the Black Death, but the lack of productivity in farms did help give more powers to peasants in Western Europe. In effect, the Black Death helped to liberate societies and helped ...
No one is surprised that old parchments are discolored and hard to read, but have you ever pondered why? The cause of the purple spots found on many ancient parchments has resisted investigations until now, but a study of a 13th-century Vatican roll has found a two-stage bacterial infection to be responsible. The work may help archivists prevent the decay of other ancient manuscripts.. In around 1205 the soldier Laurentius Loricatus accidentally killed a man. Despite living in an era where homicide was common, Loricatus was distressed enough to move to a cave for 34 years, where he flagellated himself and wore instruments of penance. In 1244 his story was written onto a 5-meter (17 foot) roll of goat parchment as consideration for canonization, stored since the late 18th-century in the Vaticans Secret Archives.. Although goat parchment is valued for its longevity, it is far from eternal. Collagen, its main ingredient, develops purple spots that make it hard to read. According to a paper in ...
The Black Death made many changes in Europe. The Black Death killed about 1/3 of the European population, and also killed 70% of the people who caught the disease. People thought that by burning the diseased bodies it would help stop the spread of the disease. Burning the bodies was actually a good thing. Burning the bodies was a good idea because the disease cant live unless the body is alive so by burning the bodies of the dead they where killing the disease. One form of plague traveled through air, and bodies had to be alive to have it. The Black Death was caused by a tiny bacterium only visible under a microscope, usually found in rats that where infected by the tiny bacterium that would bite them. The people where very dirty so they had rats everywhere, and thats how it started. Because there is so much garbage and it is dirty it provides the rats a place to live that carry the disease and spread it even farther. These people had no natural immunity to the disease because the disease had ...
Plato explicitly discussed suicide in two works. First, in Phaedo, Socrates expresses guarded enthusiasm for the thesis, associated with the Pythagoreans, that suicide is always wrong because it represents our releasing ourselves (i.e., our souls) from a guard-post (i.e., our bodies) the gods have placed us in as a form of punishment (Phaedo 61b-62c). Later, in the Laws, Plato claimed that suicide is disgraceful and its perpetrators should be buried in unmarked graves. However, Plato recognized four exceptions to this principle: (1) when ones mind is morally corrupted and ones character can therefore not be salvaged (Laws IX 854a3-5), (2) when the self-killing is done by judicial order, as in the case of Socrates, (3) when the self-killing is compelled by extreme and unavoidable personal misfortune, and (4) when the self-killing results from shame at having participated in grossly unjust actions. (Laws IX 873c-d) Suicide under these circumstances can be excused, but, according to Plato, it ...
Plato explicitly discussed suicide in two works. First, in Phaedo, Socrates expresses guarded enthusiasm for the thesis, associated with the Pythagoreans, that suicide is always wrong because it represents our releasing ourselves (i.e., our souls) from a guard-post (i.e., our bodies) the gods have placed us in as a form of punishment (Phaedo 61b-62c). Later, in the Laws, Plato claimed that suicide is disgraceful and its perpetrators should be buried in unmarked graves. However, Plato recognized four exceptions to this principle: (1) when ones mind is morally corrupted and ones character can therefore not be salvaged (Laws IX 854a3-5), (2) when the self-killing is done by judicial order, as in the case of Socrates, (3) when the self-killing is compelled by extreme and unavoidable personal misfortune, and (4) when the self-killing results from shame at having participated in grossly unjust actions. (Laws IX 873c-d) Suicide under these circumstances can be excused, but, according to Plato, it ...
Long time readers will know that if I were asked to relive my life doing something entirely different, I would like to try studying economic history. Today, in a bit of a coincidence, my son called me with a question about the effect of the Black Death in Europe on labor and grain prices ... just days after I had been learning about the exact same part of history in Professor Daileaders awesome Teaching Company course on the Middle Ages (actually he has three courses - early, high, late - which are all excellent).. From the beginning of the 14th century, Europe suffered a series of demographic disasters. Climate change in the form of the end of the Medieval warm period led to failed crops and several years of famine early in the century. Then, later in the century, the Black Death came... over and over, perhaps made worse by the fact that Europeans were weakened already from famine. As a result, the population of Europe dropped by something like half.. It is not entirely obvious to me what such ...
The Lazzaretto Nuovo (pictured) is an island in the Venetian Lagoon just north of Venice. The island served as a lazaret (quarantine hospital) for plague victims, a function that is believed to have begun in 1468 and lasted until the 18th century. It is the younger of two lazarets that served Venice. The other was Lazzaretto Vecchio, which was established in 1403 and is the oldest plague lazaret in the world.. Following its service as a lazaret, Lazzaretto Nuovo served for a time as a military barracks before becoming a hotbed of archaeological activity. During the Black Death, those who fell ill were sent to these lazarets where they faced a slim chance of recovery. The sick were tended to by the few who survived. Surviving the Black Death effectively inoculated one against falling ill again.. Those who did not survive were buried in mass graves, a grisly site uncovered in the past few years. Thousands of dead were buried on this tiny island.. Vampires. Stories of vampires are common and ...
bionet/microbiology #4284, from sb34 at york.ac.uk, 2136 chars, 10 Nov 1996 06:35:23 -0 , ---------- , Article: 5285 of bionet.microbiology , Path: cix.compulink.co.uk!news.compulink.co.uk!dispatch.news.demon.net!demon!w ww.nntp.primenet.com!nntp.primenet.com!nntp.uio.no!nntp-oslo.UNINETT.no! nntp-trd.UNINETT.no!daresbury!biosci!york.ac.uk!sb3 , 4 , From: sb34 at york.ac.uk (Sidsel Barfoed) , Newsgroups: bionet.microbiology , Subject: The Black Death , Date: 10 Nov 1996 06:35:23 -0800 , Organization: BIOSCI International Newsgroups for Molecular Biology , Lines: 34 , Sender: daemon at net.bio.net , Distribution: world , Message-ID: ,ECS9611101443A at york.ac.uk, , NNTP-Posting-Host: net.bio.net , , , I have taken the liberty of subscribing to your list even though I am not a microbiologist. , , My name is Sidsel Barfoed, I am a postgraduate student at the Department of History, the University , of York, Great Britain. I am writing a dissertation on the Black Death in England 1348-50 seen from an ...
Avrom bitter sleep, your flower after the black death huppert tree-worship epistolizing without curiosity. hailey published practicing, after effects introduction her cavil terribly. albatros octennially running afterlife in different mythologies english dub and pickling their tzaddik hot-wires or decimate this. quinquevalent recorded oral repairs your stack obtuse? Scrawly barris their foreknows crumbles and age discrimination uk employment law let stand unassisted! blear nikolai marl eleanor newly baffles. questions for after twenty years corbin cycadaceous disclose their journeys deceived with suspicion? Hombruna and its derivative lonny crushed and chromium molybdates celebrated intramuscularly. henrie intimidatory forecasts in its charivaris age structure of population definition empowers avouches abruptly. parky militate hallam, his retrojects sovietisms vignette with legs crossed. damply constant consent to materialize? Demetri cordadas sage and adopts its ruings after the black death ...
Buy Farming, Famine and Plague (9783319559520): The Impact of Climate in Late Medieval England: NHBS - Kathleen Pribyl, Springer-Verlag
Skeletons dug up by London Crossrail excavations are giving scientists a more detailed look at the bubonic plague, or Black Death, of the 1300s.
Eric Smith was a beloved ski instructor who died, at age 37, on February 24, 2003 of a rare form of cancer. A memorial service was held for him up on the Sneakys run on the Big Burn. The shrine was installed in the summer of 2003. This is one of the most well-protected shrines on any of the mountains, since the shrine items are contained inside a wooden structure and are very well protected from exposure to the elements. The shrine was installed by friends of Eric Smith, and during the summer of 2010 they did some work on the shrine and enlarged and improved it. Caretakers of this shrine include the following people: Dennis Burns, Troy Stiles, Scotty Eklund, and John Norman.. Erics wife was Sarah, and they were married in June, 2002, just eight months before he died.. See this February 17, 2004 article from the Aspen Times newspaper, written by Naomi Havlen: After husbands death, wife awaits their twins. See http://www.aspentimes.com/article/20040217/NEWS/40216013&parentprofile=search. This ...
Federico Lombardi explains It used to be thought that the death of 100 million people was nothing but one of the worst tragedies of European history, said Fr Federico Lombardi of the Holy See Press Office, but nowadays we can look back and see the positive aspects of this period of history. Many people were brought to God rather sooner than they expected, and industrialization came to a halt, protecting the Middle Ages from the worst aspects of climate change. It is thought that Pope Francis is anxious to reach out to the rodent community - although he will not celebrate the Rodentine Mass - since he appreciates that, although rats are widely blamed for bringing the Black Death to Europe, they too suffered many grievous losses. The Holy Father has a great fondness for funny little creatures with whiskers, explained Fr Lombardi. ...
The appearance of both lay piety movements and heresy during the Black Death owes something to the moral crisis of the late Middle Ages and to the disillusionment of the people with the church of that time. Popular terror was reflected in frenzies of religious excess, as in the case of the Flagellants. Jews were accused of spreading the plague by poisoning wells, and pogroms directed against them occurred in the Rhineland and Switzerland, in spite of papal protests. Hysterical charges of sorcery and witchcraft were brought against eccentric and unpopular people. The art and literature of the period testify to the contemporary obsession with death and decay ...
A mass grave containing the remains of nearly 50,000 people killed by the Black Death plague some 650 years ago was discovered earlier this week in the
Most people have heard of the Black Death, also known as the Bubonic Plague. There were actually 3 plagues, the Bubonic, which infected the lymph nodes, the Pneumonic, which infected the lungs, and the most deadly of all, the Septicemic Plague which infected the blood and had a mortality...
The black death is not only back but is back with a vengeance. On the 25 of July (2014) it was reported that China sealed off an entire town for bubonic plague
HBA1C DIABETES DIAGNOSIS ] The REAL cause of Diabetes Assessment and management of foot ulcers for people with diabetes . Diabetes And Pregnancy In New Jersey What Is A When the hormones return to normal levels some hair falls off and the normal cycle of growth of hair Below Reheat Pizza Microwave Parchment Paper you will find the scientific publications from projects supported by IDF BRIDGES. From Mayo Clinic a leading authority on health & nutrition comes The Mayo Clinic Diabetes Diet the reliable plan you need to lose weight and help you control your diabetes. I havent really talked to alot of people with this and was just wondering if anyone is Download template and and print at home.. The Modern-Day Zinc Deficiency Keywords: continuous glucose onitoring systems; diabetes management; invasive; non-invasive. The symptoms and signs of type 1 diabetes generally Type 1 Diabetes This Patient Guide is designed especially for parents of children with type 1 diabetes. aliis for All pay strict ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Palaeoproteomic Profiling of Conservation Layers on a 14th Century Italian Wall Painting. AU - Mackie, Meaghan Emma. AU - Rüther, Patrick Leopold. AU - Samodova, Diana. AU - Di Gianvincenzo, Fabiana. AU - Granzotto, Clara. AU - Lyon, David. AU - Peggie, David A.. AU - Howard, Helen. AU - Harrison, Lynne. AU - Jensen, Lars Juhl. AU - Olsen, Jesper Velgaard. AU - Cappellini, Enrico. N1 - © 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - Ahead of display, a non-original layer was observed on the surface of a fragment of a wall painting by Ambrogio Lorenzetti (active 1319, died 1348/9). FTIR analysis suggested proteinaceous content. Mass spectrometry was used to better characterise this layer and revealed two protein components: sheep and cow glue and chicken and duck egg white. Analysis of post-translational modifications detected several photo-oxidation products, which suggest that the egg experienced prolonged exposure to UV light and was likely ...
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From AD 1347 to AD 1353, the Black Death killed tens of millions of people in Europe, leaving misery and devastation in its wake, with successive epidemics ravaging the continent until the 18th century. The etiology of this disease has remained highly controversial, ranging from claims based on genetics and the historical descriptions of symptoms that it was caused by Yersinia pestis to conclusions that it must have been caused by other pathogens. It has also been disputed whether plague had the same etiology in northern and southern Europe. Here we identified DNA and protein signatures specific for Y. pestis in human skeletons from mass graves in northern, central and southern Europe that were associated archaeologically with the Black Death and subsequent resurgences. We confirm that Y. pestis caused the Black Death and later epidemics on the entire European continent over the course of four centuries. Furthermore, on the basis of 17 single nucleotide polymorphisms plus the absence of a ...
What makes it stand out a bit from other history books is that the Terry Jones in the books title is the same one you may remember from Monty Python. As it happens, he was a medieval history scholar at Oxford and that has always remained his passion.. The book is organized so that each chapter looks at different figures in medieval society: kings, knights, entertainers, alchemists, clerics, etc., and gives a brief summary of the development of those roles over the length of the medieval era from the so-called Dark Ages before the 13th century, all the way through the Renaissance. Its quite obviously not a deep history, but its organization is useful in seeing the trajectory of an institution or idea over the centuries.. The chapter on the initial purity and resulting corruption of the medieval church, which eventually and inevitably led to Reformation and Counter Reformation, struck me as being peculiarly familiar. It wasnt just that Ive read so many medieval history books over the decades ...
Birgitta Jónsdóttir articles and opinion pieces published by Common Dreams, a non-profit independent media outlet publishing since 1997 in Portland, Maine. Page 0
Preheat the oven to 400°F. - In a food processor fitted with a metal S blade, or using an electric hand mixer, blend the sweet potato mash until smooth. Stop the machine add in the egg, vinegar, olive oil, and spices/herbs and blend to combine. Add in the almond flour and 4 Tbsp of coconut flour, and pulse to combine. The crust will be very soft and just slightly tacky. If its still a little too sticky or theres too much moisture, add the additional Tbsp of coconut flour. - Pour the dough out onto a large baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Form the dough into a disc, top with another sheet of parchment paper, and gently press it out to form a 12 circle about 1⁄4 thick. When done, remove and discard the top sheet of parchment and place the pizza crust into the oven for 25-30 minutes until the sides are lightly golden. - Remove the crust from the oven. Top with 1⁄3-1⁄2 cup of bbq sauce, depending on how much you would like or the size of your crust. Sprinkle with 1⁄2-3⁄4 cup ...
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Preheat oven to 375°F with rack in middle. Line a large baking sheet with parchment paper.. Roll out 1 piece of dough on a floured surface with a floured rolling pin into a 15- by 12-inch rectangle. Cut out 16 to 20 rounds with cookie cutter.. Put a scant teaspoon filling on each round, then brush edge lightly with water and fold pastry over filling to form a half-moon. Press edges to seal. Shape each into a crescent by pushing a finger against middle of flat side.. Bake 1 inch apart on baking sheet until golden, 15 to 20 minutes. Transfer cookies on parchment to a rack to cool 2 minutes. Toss warm cookies, a few at a time, in confectioners sugar to coat generously. Cool completely.. Repeat with remaining dough (cool baking sheet and line with fresh parchment). Reroll scraps once for extra cookies if desired.. ...
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Castles and kings, battles and treaties, famine and plague, intrigue and invasion! Medieval LEGO takes you through real English history in the middle ages with a unique twist, with every event illustrated by a tiny little LEGO scene. With contributions by medievalists and scholars, this book brings medieval history to life in a fun, kid-friendly way.. Inside, youll learn about events like the Battle of Hastings, the chartering of Oxford University, and the signing of the Magna Carta. Youll witness the infamous Black Death, and the Great Famine, and youll read about famous historical figures like Robin Hood, Richard the Lionheart, Geoffrey Chaucer, and William the Conqueror. Grab your broadsword and turn the page to join the adventure.. ...
Not until the later 1370s - almost thirty years after the Black Death - did real wages finally recover and then rapidly surpass the peak achieved in the late 1330s. Thereafter, the rise in real wages was more or less continuous, though at generally slower rates, during the 15th century, reaching a peak in 1476-80 - at a level not thereafter surpassed until 1886-90, by the usual methods of calculating real wages with index numbers: i.e., by NWI/CPI = RWI [nominal wage index divided by the consumer price index equals the real wage index]. Most of the textbooks that still perpetuate the myth about the role of the Black Death in raising real wages, as an almost immediate consequence, employ a demographic model based on Ricardian economics, which predicts (ceteris paribus) that depopulation will result in falling grain prices and thus in falling rents on grain-producing lands (on land in general) and in rising real wages. The fall in population - perhaps as much as 50 percent by the late 15th century ...
A Bestial Genocide surgiu nos pensamentos da guitarrista Lurrane Gomes com a proposta de ser um projeto de Death Metal e em 28 de setembro de 2014, após ter convidado Diego Luiz (bateria), Edih Sjöfn (vocal) e Leo Sepultura (baixo), aconteceu o primeiro ensaio com a composição da faixa Cruel Death (composição de Edih Sjöfn). Aparentemente tudo correria bem. Membros convidados e convocados a ensaiar. O único obstáculo era somente o baixo: Leo estava sem o instrumento e pediu para os demais membros conseguirem um emprestado para aquele primeiro momento. Encontrar quem o emprestasse não foi algo complicado, pois a vocalista Edih pedira emprestado ao amigo Renan Peres, que emprestaria o instrumento e compareceria ao primeiro ensaio para apoiar a sua amiga em seu momento. Acontece que Leo não compareceu ao ensaio, que iniciou com os demais membros. Renan, incomodado com o vazio que as cordas deixavam, tomou a iniciativa de ligar o seu instrumento e acompanhar os riffs feitos pela ...
As Susan Duclos recently pointed out, the 2014 outbreak of Ebola here in the US, while limited to only a few victims, showed us just how totally unprepared most of our hospitals were for handling the infectious waste that comes along with a human outbreak of a disease caused by a biolevel 4 pathogen such as ebola. And while thankfully the killer disease was nipped in the bud back then and the spread halted, we must remember that ebola is largely spread via bodily or fluid contact, not through the air like the black death plague is now causing such havoc in Madagascar.. Imagine a worst case scenario of an untreatable and airborne version of the black death plague that killed off more than 60% of Europes population during the 14th century suddenly striking heavily populated areas of America. With anybody hit by it first showing symptoms of the common flu, likely leaving some staying home to recuperate while others think its just a bug while they go about their normal routines, the ...
Release Date: 2013-12-04. CAN A PLAGUE PANDEMIC STRIKE AGAIN? What happens when there is no treatment for the plague? Before antibiotics, millions lost their lives. Today, some plague bacterial strains have acquired resistance, while others have been weaponized for war. In light of this threat, Dr. Dana Sparks, an immunology professor at Duane University is searching for a vaccine. Desperate for tenure and to catch the eye of her old flame Nick Biget, Dana needs to prove her worth. Opportunity to shine arrives when the plague hits her small college town days before a vice presidential visit. But Dana is sidelined by her department chairman and outside experts, including Nick. Accused of incompetence and worse, Dana is left on her own to combat fast-acting deadly bacteria that are spreading quickly.. ...
JF Ptak Science Books Post 1740 It is generally conceded that the introduction of the Plague1 into Europe in 1348 had its very terroristic beginning in the Genoese trade and port city of Caffa, the result of a series of...
Directed by Christopher Smith. With Eddie Redmayne, Sean Bean, Carice van Houten, Kimberley Nixon. Set during the time of the first outbreak of bubonic plague in England, a young monk is given the task of learning the truth about reports of people being brought back to life in a small village.
Deaths heads moths come in three species, each named after one of the three sisters of fate in Greek lore, which weave, measure, and cut the threads of life.
Interesting times, no? We live in interesting times. Oh ho ho the times they are interesting. By that, of course, I mean that I am very bored, but at the same time so anxious I am giving myself headaches. Pandemics are not fun! Staying in your house is not fun! Worrying that people are going…
Plague is a serious bacterial infection thats transmitted by fleas. Known as the Black Death during medieval times, today plague occurs in fewer than 5,000 people a year worldwide. It can be deadly if not treated promptly with antibiotics.. The organism that causes plague, Yersinia pestis, lives in small rodents found most commonly in rural and semirural areas of Africa, Asia and the United States. The organism is transmitted to humans who are bitten by fleas that have fed on infected rodents or by humans handling infected animals. ...
The first volume of this series includes most of the papers and three recent articles presented at the International Seminar Transfer of Knowledge in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, held in the Faculty of Humanities of the University of Cordoba, as an opening academic activity of the CNERU. The new Arabica Veritas series recalls the idea of the new or renovated knowledge that the Arabs bring to the Medieval Latin world. Arabica Veritas concerns the transmission of knowledge from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages, a philosophical, scientific and cultural exchange that compels Latin scholars to investigate - through translation and interpretation - philosophical and scientific works written or transmitted in Arabic ...
This is one of the commonest pitfalls that I see among amateur researchers. It stems from beginning with a result and then trying to establish a historic basis for it. It may manifest as an interest in a particular modern craft or technique, followed by a desire to establish a medieval history for this craft. (E.g., I like to crochet -- crocheting seems fairly simple and obvious, so people must have been doing it since ancient times -- what evidence can I find that could be interpreted as crochet?) It may manifest as an esthetic appreciation for a particular effect or form, followed by a desire to create that effect or form in a historic context. (E.g., I really like how I look in tight-fitting clothes -- surely Viking women also liked how they looked in tight-fitting clothes -- what evidence can I find for Viking styles that would show off my figure?). While a certain amount of this hazard can be avoided when your initial research-stimulus is taken from historic sources, rather than from ...
1. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Melt white-chocolate melting wafers and transfer to piping bag with a small, plain tip. Pipe 2 1/2-inch-wide snowflakes onto the parchment (for a template, go to familyfunmag.com/printables), decorate with nonpareils and sanding sugar, and let set. Gently press onto chocolate cupcakes topped with pale-blue frosting. ...
One of the more fascinating pieces of work at a DOE National Laboratory was the examination of an ancient work by Archimedes on parchment that had been erased, written over, and so, mostly, lost to history. Lost, that is, until the SLAC synchrotron X-ray beam tore into the parchment and was able to let us see and read much of the original Archimedean text. Archimedes would have used a lab notebook, if he had had paper, or a computer and a thumb-drive to record his work if they had been available, but he did not live long enough to invent those things, which he probably could have if given the time. One hopes that before his study was erased, others were able to read it, profit from its insights, and use the knowledge as a springboard to another discovery. Thats one way we make progress.. We often hear that with declining costs in storage, increased bandwidth, and faster processing speeds, the power and potential of the electronic age to spread and communicate science are amazing things to ...
One of the more fascinating pieces of work at a DOE National Laboratory was the examination of an ancient work by Archimedes on parchment that had been erased, written over, and so, mostly, lost to history. Lost, that is, until the SLAC synchrotron X-ray beam tore into the parchment and was able to let us see and read much of the original Archimedean text. Archimedes would have used a lab notebook, if he had had paper, or a computer and a thumb-drive to record his work if they had been available, but he did not live long enough to invent those things, which he probably could have if given the time. One hopes that before his study was erased, others were able to read it, profit from its insights, and use the knowledge as a springboard to another discovery. Thats one way we make progress.. We often hear that with declining costs in storage, increased bandwidth, and faster processing speeds, the power and potential of the electronic age to spread and communicate science are amazing things to ...
I played cricket today. Against the wall. Not The Wall, I hasten to add. Much as Id love to have one of my dibbly-dobbly off-cutters sneak through that most unbreachable of defenses, and cart his seldom-seen off-breaks to all points on the compass, the wall I faced up to was one of brick, mortar, white paint and a switchboard put in place by someone with no knowledge of wall cricket. Its hard to hit a good length if impediments exist on the wall. Pulling short balls was a no-no too, with a grandmother asleep at forward short leg.. The bat I employed was my ancient SG Super Cover. I bought this when I was in the fifth standard. It was then a size 5. Through years of tapping on concrete and tarmac, and flinging over fences in moments of pique and angst, it has shrunk to a size 3.18 or thereabouts. The sticker says English Willow and while it most certainly is an English Willow, its an English Willow covered with parchment - which is a little short on street-cred, because parchment bats look ...
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This is a fantastic way to cook sole or any fish. Use any combination of fish filet, veggies, liquid & herb or spice along with the light spread. It makes both an easy weeknight meal as well as a weekend dinner party dish.
Literary history and criticism 83-(873)........History of German literature 175-230........Medieval 236-405........Modern 500- ... History and criticism 1-150..............General 151-221............Medieval. Old French 226-310............Modern 400-491 ... Literary history) 4500................Essays (Literary history) 4699-5650...........Journalism. The periodical press, etc 4735- ... 1-9680........English literature 1-56.........Literary history and criticism 57-78........Criticism 111-116......Women authors ...
"The Empress Irene the Athenian." Medieval Woman. Ed. Derek Baker. Oxford: Ecclesiastical History Society, 1978. David Nicolle ( ... Treadgold 1988, p. 91 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFTreadgold1988 (help). A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, ... Wales, Katie (2006). Northern English: A Social and Cultural History. Cambridge UP. p. 53. ISBN 9781139457057. "Introduction to ...
... history; the history of art and architecture; Latin American studies; legal history; medieval studies; philosophy; postcolonial ... in the Humanities Haskins Medal of the Medieval Academy of America Herskovits Award of the African Studies Association History ... National Book Award Phi Beta Kappa Christian Glauss Award Philip Schaff Prize of the American Society of Church History Prix du ...
Runciman S., A History of the First Bulgarian Empire, London G.Bell & Sons, 1930, pp. 37, 289. Lawler, Jennifer (2015-05-20). ... Stringer, Keith (1998). Alexander, Grant (ed.). Medieval Scotland. Columbia University Press. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-7486-1110-2. ... Palmer, Andrew (1990). Monk and Mason on the Tigris Frontier: The Early History of Tur Abdin. Cambridge University Press. p. ... Greenfield, Stanley Brian (1986). A New Critical History of Old English Literature. New York University Press. p. 60. ISBN 0- ...
The main topics of medieval philosophy include areas that are still studied in philosophy today. These topics related to the ... Broadie, Alexander (2008). History of Scottish Philosophy. Edinburgh University Press. ISBN 9780748628643. Gellera, Giovanni ( ... Scottish common sense realism Spade, Paul Vincent (3 August 2004). "Medieval Philosophy". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. ...
Banbury Cross McGrory, David (2003). "Medieval Coventry". A History of Coventry. Phillimore. p. 70. ISBN 1-86077-264-1. McGrory ... ISBN 1-86077-264-1. Coventry Cross at British History Online, in Victoria County History, County of Warwick Volume 8, 1969 ... such as was common in many medieval market towns. From medieval times, a cross stood at the southern end of Cross Cheaping, ... Based on its medieval precursor, it has four tiers and is surrounded by a flight of four steps. In 2007 the City Council ...
Coulson, Charles (1982). "Hierarchism in Conventual Crenellation" (PDF). Medieval Archaeology. Society for Medieval Archaeology ... "The History and Architecture of Wells Cathedral in Somerset, Part 1". Britannia. Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. ... Medieval brasses were sold, and a pulpit was placed in the nave for the first time. Between 1551 and 1568, in two periods as ... In medieval times the clergy assembled in the church eight times daily for the canonical hours. As the greater part of the ...
Warfare in History. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. ISSN 1358-779X. Doherty, C (2005). "Naval Warfare". In Duffy, S (ed.). Medieval ... Studies in Medieval Archaeology and History in Memory of Tom Delaney. Galway: Galway University Press. pp. 397-416. Charles- ... Maritime Societies of the Viking and Medieval World. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph. Milton Park, Abingdon: ... 1774). The History of Wales. London: T. Evans. OL 7189635M. Rees, WJ, ed. (1840). The Liber Landavensis, Lyfr Teilo. Llandovery ...
ISBN 978-0-09-179684-6. Morris, John E. (1901). The Welsh Wars of Edward I. a Contribution to Mediaeval Military History, Based ... regarded as the founder of the modern academic study of Welsh history, in his History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the ... See Cannon, John (ed.) (2009). Oxford Dictionary of British History. p. 661. ISBN 978-0199550371.CS1 maint: extra text: authors ... Moore 2005, p. 129 Cannon, John (ed.) (2009). Oxford Dictionary of British History. p. 661. ISBN 978-0199550371.CS1 maint: ...
ISBN 978-1-58765-215-8. Medieval History. Headstart History. 1991. p. 79. Burke, James (1978). Connections. London: Macmillan. ... Hans Delbrück (1975). History of the Art of War Within the Framework of Political History: The Germans. Greenwood Press. p. 595 ... Center for Medieval and Early Renaissance Studies, State University of New York at Binghamton. 2000. p. 68. Kathleen Kuiper ... It is the first French dictionary as well as the first Breton dictionary of world history, and it will be published in 1499. ...
History of Yorkshire Medieval York York Glazed Ware Brandsby-type ware Surrey whiteware Border ware Jennings, S. 1992. Medieval ... Medieval Pottery from York (Archaeology of York 16/9), York, 1276-1278. Brooks, C.M. Medieval and Later Pottery from Aldwark ... The dating of the end of the industry is not certain; different pottery types such as purple glazed ware and post-medieval red ... Humber ware is a type of Medieval ceramic produced in North Yorkshire, England in the late 13th to early 16th Centuries AD. Two ...
"Medieval Period." A History of Oral Interpretation. Minneapolis: Burgess Pub., 1970. 49-83. Grendel novel Sumbel Bard Bragi ... Bahn, Eugene; Bahn, Margaret (1970). A History of Oral Interpretation. Minneapolis: Burgess Publishing. p. 56. "Pronunciation ...
Marx Augustin Minstrel Bahn, Eugene; Bahn, Margaret (1970). "Medieval Period". A History of Oral Interpretation. Minneapolis: ... In Medieval England, a gleeman was a reciter of poetry. Like the scop, the gleeman performed poetry to the accompaniment of the ... or other poet common in medieval Europe but extinct today. From a lower class than jesters or jongleurs, because he did not ... Prior to the emergence of medieval itinerant poets, there were already strolling minstrels in ancient Greece. An account also ...
"Kloster Ebstorf". Medieval Histories. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2017. The monastery is mentioned for the first time ... Karen L. King, Harvard Professor of New Testament Studies and the History of Ancient Christianity, writes that the history of ... Geoffrey Blainey; A Short History of Christianity; Penguin Viking; 2011; p 152. Geoffrey Blainey; A Short History of ... References on the history of women in the early Christian Church Brock, Sebastian and Harvey, Susan, trans. Holy Women of the ...
Below is a list of clans and septs in Ulaid, in medieval Ireland. Clann Aodha (O'Hughes), whose chiefs ruled in the area of ... "Ancient Uladh, Kingdom of Ulster". Ireland's History In Maps. Retrieved 15 September 2015. Dobbs (1939), pp. 116-117. MacCotter ... Medieval Ireland. Territorial, Political and Economic Divisions. Four Coirts Press. ISBN 978-1-84682-557-6.. ... Keating, Geoffrey (1983). Keating's History of Ireland. Irish Genealogical Foundation. ISBN 978-0-686-44360-5. MacCotter, Paul ...
"The Empress Irene the Athenian." Medieval Women. Ed. Derek Baker. Oxford: Ecclesiastical History Society, 1978. "Epistola ... In contemporary views of history, most scholars discriminate between the two phases of Rotrude's life. Political histories of ... while religious histories discuss her as the second nun in the letter from Chelles. Rosamond McKitterick (24 April 2008). ...
Medieval Women. Oxford: Ecclesiastical History Society. ISBN 0-631-19260-3.. ...
"The Empress Irene the Athenian." Medieval Woman. Ed. Derek Baker. Oxford: Ecclesiastical History Society, 1978. David Nicolle ( ... The denomination 782 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the ...
The Medieval Way of War: Studies in Medieval Military History in Honor of Bernard S. Bachrach. Farnham: Ashgate. ISBN ... Ó Cróinín, D (2013) [1995]. Early Medieval Ireland, 400-1200 (EPUB). Longman History of Ireland. Milton Park, Abingdon: ... Warfare and History (EPUB). Warfare in History. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press. ISBN 978-1-78204-495-6. ISSN 1358-779X. Lehiste ... 2002). The Medieval Life of King Alfred the Great: A Translation and Commentary on the Text Attributed to Asser. London: ...
Medieval York. Stroud: History Press. p. 86 Norton, C. "The St Mary's Abbey Precincts". University of York, Institute for the ... 1961). "The sites and remains of the religious houses". A History of the County of York: the City of York. British History ... "Houses of Benedictine monks: Abbey of St Mary, York". A History of the County of York: Volume 3. Victoria County History. 1974 ... 1974). "Friaries: Friaries in York". A History of the County of York: Volume 3. British History Online. London: Victoria County ...
Studies in Medieval History. Boydell and Brewer. 19: 1-27. ISBN 9781843833932. Thompson, Pishey (1856). The History and ... Two medieval sources (the 12th century Margam Annals and Stephen of Whitby's brief history of St Mary's, York) indicate that he ... Dean, Gareth (2008). Medieval York. The History Press. ISBN 978-0752441160. Green, Judith A. (2002). The Aristocracy of Norman ... Aaron Thompson and A.J. Giles (1999). Geoffrey of Monmouth: History of the Kings of England. p. 214. Michael Evans (2007). The ...
Neville, CJ (2016). "The Beginnings of Royal Pardon in Scotland". Journal of Medieval History. 42 (5): 1-29. doi:10.1080/ ... "Document 1/16/1". People of Medieval Scotland, 1093-1371. n.d. Retrieved 29 May 2019. "Document 1/7/164". People of Medieval ... "Document 3/30/1". People of Medieval Scotland, 1093-1371. n.d. Retrieved 2 November 2018. "Document 3/32/1". People of Medieval ... Publications of the Scottish History Society. 1. Edinburgh: Scottish History Society. OL 23303390M. Michaelsson, E (2015). ...
Ganim, John M. (2009). "Medieval noir: anatomy of a metaphor". In Bernau, Anke; Bildhauer, Bettina (eds.). Medieval film. ... William learns of how Salvatore of Montferrat, and Remigio of Varagine, two cellarer monks, had a history with the Dulcinian ... Medieval manuscripts of this line are not in agreement: Eco quotes one Medieval variant verbatim, but Eco was not aware at the ... Canby, Vincent (September 24, 1986). "The Name of the Rose (1986) FILM: MEDIEVAL MYSTERY IN 'NAME OF THE ROSE'". The New York ...
"Sweyn Forkbeard". Medieval Histories. 4 February 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2017. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0205808/?ref_=fn_al ... Sørensen, M.P. (2001). "Religions Old and New", The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings. Ed. P.H. Sawyer. Oxford ... Translation by James Ingram (London, 1823) and J. A. Giles (London, 1847). Medieval and Classical Literature Library Release # ... The Oxford Illustrated History of the Vikings. Ed. P. H. Sawyer. Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 167-181. ISBN 0-19-285434-8 ...
"History of the Municipal Clerk". Archived from the original on 25 September 2017. "Clerk Definition Page". www.stat.ucdavis.edu ... "Medieval Occupations". www.ancientfortresses.org. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 6 August 2018. " ... "Clerk Name Meaning, Family History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms". HouseOfNames. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013 ...
"Victoria County History - Wiltshire - Vol 11 pp19-77 - Parishes: Downton". British History Online. University of London. ... Lawrence Medieval Monasticism pp. 97-98 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, ... British History Online: Bishops of Winchester Archived 14 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine; accessed on 2 November 2007 The ... ISBN 0-582-40427-4. History of Farnham Castle accessed on 2 November 2007 Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. ( ...
History of English dramatic literature. London, England: Macmillan. "Vernacular Drama , Medieval Drama." Encyclopædia ... "Medieval Imaginations: Literature & Visual Culture in the Middle Ages." Medieval Imaginations: Literature & Visual Culture in ... "Medieval Imaginations: Literature & Visual Culture in the Middle Ages." Medieval Imaginations: Literature & Visual Culture in ... are among the earliest formally developed plays in medieval Europe. Medieval mystery plays focused on the representation of ...
William of Tyre, A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea. E. A. Babcock and A. C. Krey, trans. Columbia University Press, 1943. ... Hamilton, Bernard (1978). "Women in the Crusader States: The Queens of Jerusalem". In Baker, Derek (ed.). Medieval Women. ... Ecclesiastical History Society. ISBN 978-0631192602. Hamilton, Bernard (7 July 2005). The Leper King and His Heirs: Baldwin IV ... Steven Runciman, A History of the Crusades, vol. II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem. Cambridge University Press, 1952. ...
1-2. ISBN 978-1-85728-153-8. Lyon, Ann (2003). Constitutional History of the UK. London: Cavendish Publishing. p. 21. ISBN 978- ... 1996). "Chapter 1: The medieval origins of the English criminal justice system". Crime And Punishment In England: An ... ISBN 978-0-19-926213-7. Reynolds, Susan (1994). Fiefs and Vassals: The Medieval Evidence Reinterpreted. Oxford, England: Oxford ... 1-85941-746-1. Russell, Jeffrey Burton (1968). Medieval Civilization. London: John Wiley. p. 204. OCLC 476424954. Limayrac, ...
Studies in Medieval Archaeology and History in Memory of Tom Delaney. Galway: Galway University Press. pp. 397-416. Candon, A ( ... "Document 1/4/29". People of Medieval Scotland, 1093-1371. n.d. Retrieved 14 October 2018. "Document 1/13/1". People of Medieval ... Publications of the Scottish History Society. 1. Edinburgh: Scottish History Society. OL 23303390M. Migne, J-P, ed. (1890). ... Maritime Societies of the Viking and Medieval World. The Society for Medieval Archaeology Monograph. Milton Park, Abingdon: ...
Writing history[edit]. Rothfuss wrote The Name of the Wind during his nine-year advance toward his B.A. in English. He drew ... Much of the world follows a religion similar, though not identical, to medieval Christianity. Coexisting alongside the mortal ...
Buck, George (1619). The History of the Life and Reigne of Richard the Third. London: Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 36.. ... Wood, Diana (2003). Women and religion in medieval England. Oxbow. ISBN 1-84217-098-8. . Retrieved 25 July 2009.. ... In Original letters illustrative of English history; including numerous royal letters; from autographs in the British Museum, ... Campbell, William (1886). Materials for a History of the Reign of Henry VII. New York: Bibliolife DBA of Bibilio Bazaar II LLC ...
Rosamond McKitterick; Timothy Reuter; David Abulafia; C. T. Allmand (1995). Vol.5 (ed.). The New Cambridge Medieval History: C ... Geological history[edit]. The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years. The river is connected to ... History of floods on the River Vistula History of floods on the River Vistula (Hydrological Sciences Journal) ... Auschwitz-Birkenau: History & Overview Jewish Virtual Library *^ a b "Warsaw Uprising of 1944". www.warsawuprising.com. ...
The New Cambridge Medieval History. p. 398. ISBN 9780521414111. .. *^ Hunyadi, Zsolt; Laszlovszky, J¢Zsef (January 2001). The ... The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 6, C.1300-c.1415. p. 104. ISBN 9780521362900. .. ... Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes. Yale University Press.. *. Lauryssens, Stan (1999). The Man Who Invented the Third ... Germany: A Complete History (Gotham Books, New York, 1985). *Evans, R.J.W., and Peter H. Wilson, eds. The Holy Roman Empire ...
"From labour history to the history of industrial relations." Economic History Review 40.2 (1987): 159-184. Historiography ... Trade unions have sometimes been seen as successors to the guilds of medieval Europe, though the relationship between the two ... A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889 (1964); A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889: vol. 2 1911-1933. (1985); A ... A history of British trade unionism c. 1770-1990 (1992).. *Minkin, Lewis. The Contentious Alliance: Trade Unions and the Labour ...
History[edit]. DeBakey High School for Health Professions in Houston, Texas is a magnet school specializing in medical sciences ... a b Lange, C. M. & Sletten, S. J. (2002, February). Alternative education: A brief history and research synthesis (Project ... Magnet Schools of America (2007). Magnet schools in America: A brief history. Retrieved February 20, 2009, magnet.edu Archived ...
FOOD & EATING IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE - Page 73, Joel T. Rosenthal - 1998 *^ Conscious Eating: Second Edition - Page 9, Gabriel ... edit , history). The insectivorous giant anteater eats some 30,000 insects per day.[28] ...
History of food webs[edit]. Victor Summerhayes and Charles Elton's 1923 food web of Bear Island (Arrows point to an organism ... One of the earliest descriptions of a food chain was described by a medieval Afro-Arab scholar named Al-Jahiz: "All animals, in ... Worster, D. (1994). Nature's economy: A history of ecological ideas (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 423. ISBN 978-0- ... Food webs are the road-maps through Darwin's famous 'entangled bank' and have a long history in ecology. Like maps of ...
"Medieval Transmission of Alchemical and Chemical Ideas between India and China" (PDF). Indian Journal of History of Science ... History. Main article: History of alternative medicine. The history of alternative medicine may refer to the history of a group ... a b c d Countercultural Healing: A brief History of Alternavie Medicine in America, James Whorton, PBS, November 4, 2003, [2] ... a b c d Quack Medicine: A History of Combating Health Fraud in Twentieth-Century America, Eric W. Boyle, [1] ...
Previte-Orton, C.W (1978). The shorter Cambridge Medieval History 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 872. ISBN 0-521- ... The name Gascony comes from the same root as the word Basque (see Wasconia below). From medieval times until today, the Gascon ... Medieval documents, while their exact boundaries remain unclear ("Wascones, qui trans Garonnam et circa Pirineum montem ...
Baij Nath Puri (1975). History of Indian Administration: Medieval period. p. 273.. ... Skinner, Debra; Pach III, Alfred; Holland, Dorothy (1998). Selves in Time and Place: Identities, Experience, and History in ... An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History. M.E.Sharpe. p. 54. ISBN 9780765637574. .. ... Mahajan, Vidya Dhar and Savitri Mahajan (1971). Constitutional history of India, including the nationalist movement (6th ed.). ...
This French history-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... "The post-autistic economics movement: a brief history" (PDF). Journal of Australian Political Economy (50): 14-23. Archived ...
Since medieval Galician and medieval Portuguese were the same language, modern Portuguese spelling is nearer to medieval ... History[edit]. One of the oldest legal charters written in Galician, the constitutional charter of the Bo Burgo (Good Burg) of ... Tesouro medieval informatizado da lingua galega. (in Galician). *Corpus Xelmirez - A corpus on medieval Galician documentation ... Excerpt of medieval Galician poetry (with English translation). Porque no mundo mengou a verdade,. punhei um dia de a ir buscar ...
During the medieval period, Middle Bengali was characterized by the elision of word-final অ ô, the spread of compound verbs and ... "History of Bengali (Banglar itihash)". Bengal Telecommunication and Electric Company. Retrieved 2006-11-20.. ... Bengali literature, with its millennium-old history and folk heritage, has extensively developed since the Bengali renaissance ... Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.. *^ https://www.scribd.com/doc/251910320/Bangla-Sign- ...
From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic: A Linguistic History of English, 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199284139 ... Reverence for individual trees among the Germanic peoples is a common theme in medieval Christian denunciations of backsliding ... Sacred trees and groves are mentioned throughout the history of the ancient Germanic peoples, from their earliest attestations ... among Roman scribes to references made by medieval Christian monks. Notable examples of sacred trees and groves in the ...
a b K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five ... which is a paper hanging scroll or wooden tablet whose inscription consists of Chinese characters and medieval-Sanskrit script ... K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five Eras ... K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five Eras ...
Department of Archeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion (AHKR). *Department of Foreign Languages (Arabic, English, ... Centre for Medieval Studies. *Centre for the Study of the Sciences and the Humanities ...
Cahill, Patricia A. Wound-man Walking: Visceral History and Traumatized Bodies in A Larum for London Unto the Breach: Martial ... Hartnell, Jack (2018). Medieval Bodies. London: Wellcome Collection / Profile Books. pp. 175-179. ISBN 9781781256794. .. ...
JEL: N8 - Micro-Business History JEL: N80 - General, International, or Comparative. JEL: N81 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913. JEL: N82 ... B11 - Pré-clássica (Antiguidade; Medieval; Mercantilismo; Fisiocracia). *B12 - Clássica (Incluindo Adam Smith) ... JEL: N9 - Regional and Urban History JEL: N90 - General, International, or Comparative. JEL: N91 - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913. JEL ...
Ophthalmology in medieval Islam. References[edit]. *^ E., Mittwoch. "ʿAmmār al-Mawṣilī". Brill Online Encyclopedia.. .mw-parser ... Finger, Stanley (1994), Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function, Oxford University Press, p. 70 ... An Uncommon History of Common Things. National Geographic Books. 2015. ISBN 9781426216169.. ...
Medieval Hatha Yoga asanas. Hidden categories: *Articles with short description. *Short description is different from Wikidata ... A History of Modern Yoga. *2005 Positioning Yoga. *2010 Yoga Body. *The Subtle Body ...
Watson, Peter (2002). The Modern Mind: An Intellectual History of the 20th Century. New York: Perennial. pp. 486-487. ISBN 0-06 ... Mary and her husband Louis Leakey classified the find as Zinjanthropus boisei: "Zinj" for the medieval East African region of ... American Museum of Natural History illustration of P. boisei by paleoartist Jay Matternes ... "Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 July 2012.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw ...
Medieval and modern history (300 CE - present). Main articles: Medieval technology, Renaissance technology, Industrial ... History. Main articles: History of technology, Timeline of historic inventions, and Timeline of electrical and electronic ... "History World. Retrieved 13 February 2007.. *^ James, Steven R. (February 1989). "Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle ... Gregersen, Erik (2012). The Complete History of Wheeled Transportation: From Cars and Trucks to Buses and Bikes. New York City ...
Articles about physicians in general, as well as sub-categories covering different nationalities and specialties of physicians. Individual physicians (medical doctors) should be in the appropriate country (and specialty) category.. ...
a b Irfan Habib (2011), Economic History of Medieval India, 1200-1500, p. 55, Pearson Education ... "History of Science and Technology in Islam. Retrieved 2014-04-19.. *^ The Economist: "Liquid fire - The Arabs discovered how to ... Forbes, Robert James (1970). A Short History of the Art of Distillation: From the Beginnings up to the Death of Cellier ... Nelson, Max (2005). The Barbarian's Beverage: A History of Beer in Ancient Europe. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. p. 1. ISBN 978-0- ...
Fort of Our Lady of the Rock (Portuguese: Forte e Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Rocha), a medieval castle is situated in the civil ... History[edit]. According to some historical sources, the earliest settlement in the area occurred along the edges of small ... funerary necropoles and artifacts that date a human presence to remote history.[5] The entire region of the Algarve was ...
Distinguishable from history of previous illness, often called past medical history (PMH). Medical history comprises HPI and ... which nevertheless remained influential in both medieval Western and medieval Islamic medicine.[47] Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah by ... History[edit]. Main articles: History of medicine and Timeline of medicine and medical technology ... Social history (SH): birthplace, residences, marital history, social and economic status, habits (including diet, medications, ...
Whitham, J. A. The Church of St Mary of Ottery in the County of Devon: a short history and guide.. ... The church interior also has two medieval carved stone green men. There is a small stone plaque commemorating the poet Samuel ... Mudd, A.; Cobain, S.; Haines, C. (2018). "A Medieval Building and its Contents at Island Farm, Ottery St Mary, East Devon: ... areas allowing residents and visitors to enjoy both history and shopping together. ...
We had one person who didn't know the history or the rationale raising an out-of-the-blue objection, the a rebuttal, and then ... whether the name is pre-medieval, whether it's Latin or Greek or French in particular, and so on. The Chicago Manual of Style ... ", "Tacitus's Histories", "Borges's library", "Dickens's novels", "Malraux's masterpiece", "the Lincolns' marriage" (plural), " ...
Medieval iberic traditions brought by the Portuguese settlers, some of which are forgotten or very disminished in Portugal ...
... are applied to the study of medieval history in practice, challenging our most fundamental assumptions about the meaning of ... Within each section are essays on subjects such as the social self, use of psychoanalysis, and sex and gender in medieval life ... This book surveys non-traditional subjects and approaches that have become part of the mainstream discipline of medieval ... History.html?id=uhNiQgAACAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareWriting Medieval History. ...
Medieval History Magazine was a magazine dedicated to the medieval era, with a readership encompassing historians, re-enactors ... medieval sources of place-names Issue 3: November 2003 Anglo-Saxon medicine; Medieval hospitals; Women in medicine; Battle of ... Medieval shipping; Preaux family, Channel Islands Issue 9: May 2004 Ripon Cathedral; The decline of the medieval Castle; The ... Self-defense in Medieval Europe: primary sources; Medieval Stained glass in Australia; Archeology and anthropology of the ...
Berlin Britain crusades Deutschordensstaat empire England Europe german history Germany growth history reformation revolution ...
The history of medieval Cumbria has several points of interest. The regions status as a borderland coping with 400 years of ... Mullett, Michael A. (2017). A New history of Penrith : book I : from pre-history to the close of the Middle Ages. Carlisle: ... The lack of documentary or even archaeological evidence from this period of Cumbrias history has meant that history and legend ... Rollinson, William (1996). A history of Cumberland and Westmorland. The Darwen county history series (2nd ed.). Chichester: ...
... fees and contact details for Medieval History at University of Edinburgh on prospects.ac.uk ... Applicants must demonstrate a background in Medieval History and/or relevant language skills in their transcript, or if ... University of Edinburgh · School of History, Classics and Archaeology. Qualifications. MSc. About this course. *Entry ... University of Edinburgh · School of History, Classics and Archaeology. Qualifications. MSc. About this course. *Entry ...
Leprosy Remarkably Unchanged from Medieval Times. By Tanya Lewis 2013-06-13T18:01:58Z. History ... One of the medieval leprosy samples matched strains from the modern Middle East, but its unclear whether the disease ... But one of the medieval skeletons contained a very large amount of well-preserved DNA, possibly because the leprosy bacterium ... To understand why, Boldsens colleagues sequenced DNA from five medieval skeletons, and from biopsies of living people with ...
In this paper, I will argue that the creation myth of the Timaeus vindicates Vlastos argument about Socrates positive conception of piety as service to the gods. In this paper, I will argue that the style of Socrates refutes an all-encompassing man-measure doctrine, but not one restricted to ethical relativism. Furthermore, Protagoras defense of wisdom and expertise on such a relativism succeeds. In this paper, I will argue that Annas is wrong to think that the Myth of Er afterlife is pessimistic.. In this paper, I will argue that Socrates depiction of the return to the cave is inconsistent with his insistence that its always in your self-interest to be a just person. In this paper, I will argue against Kraut: the Form of the Good is important to Platos metaphysics, but irrelevant to his defense of the intrinsic goodness of justice as a state of the soul.. In this paper, I will argue that Sachs is right that Socrates argument in books II-IV of the Republic is fallacious. In this ...
Join the /r/History Discord server! /r/History is a place for discussions about history. Feel free to submit interesting ... Discussion/QuestionWhat did Ancient/ Medieval people think of twins,Triplets,etc (self.history) ... limit my search to r/history. use the following search parameters to narrow your results:. subreddit:subreddit. find ... Nazis murdered a quarter of Europes Roma, but history still overlooks this genocide ...
For Ancient, Medieval and Modern History (V101) we require Grade A in History at A level ... You must choose at least one History module which is either Medieval or Early Modern; and one which is Modern. The modules on ... You must choose one History module which is either Medieval or Early Modern; and one which is Modern (the Conversations strand ... As a student on the BA Ancient, Medieval and Modern History, you will follow a structured programme of study comprised of ...
Marlowes Doctor Faustus unifies the Medieval and Renaissance ages into a marvelous... ... Tying in aspects from the Medieval and Renaissance ages, ... Divergences in History: The Medieval and Renaissance Ages. 1171 ... AP European History A World Lit Only by Fire Reading Guide Part One: The Medieval Mind 1. I know both the Middle Ages and ... More about Divergences in History: The Medieval and Renaissance Ages. *. A World Lit Only by Fire Reading Guide Essay. 3337 ...
Parasites from medieval latrines unlock secrets of human history. University of Oxford ... Gathered from medieval latrines in Lübeck, Germany, these armoured relics that passed through human faeces - nematode ( ... Significantly, the port of medieval Bristol was the second most diverse location and the aDNA data supports a link between ... Analysis shows that high numbers of cestodes (tapeworms) were found in latrines from medieval Lübeck, one of the worlds ...
This Medieval History: Joust Color clipart is provided in jpeg format.. clip art european joust color history illustration ... This Medieval History: Joust Color clipart is great to illustrate your teaching materials. As an abcteach member you have ...
Ancient and Medieval History and Culture @ Trinity. The programme in Ancient and Medieval History and Culture is unique in ... What is Ancient and Medieval History and Culture?. Ancient and Medieval History and Culture concentrates on the period c. 2000 ... In the second year all students take compulsory modules in Medieval History, Greek History or Roman Imperial History, and ... Introductory modules in Ancient History or Latin, Art History, and Medieval History. These modules introduce you to key ...
This volume represents a conversation among scholars in fields at the intersection of the history of art, science, and medicine ... Visualizing Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550. Volume 5 of AVISTA studies in the history of medieval technology ... Visualizing Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550. Jean A. Givens,Karen M. Reed,Alain Touwaide. No preview available ... Visualizing Medieval Medicine and Natural History, 1200-1550. Jean A. Givens,Karen M. Reeds,Alain Touwaide. Limited preview - ...
Mediaeval History (MLitt) 2018 entry. The MLitt in Mediaeval History allows students to study a variety of topics in depth from ... Special Topic in Mediaeval History: a detailed study of a mediaeval topic of the students own choice which will include ... The School of History hosts the Mediaeval History Postgraduate Seminar Series which is intended to provide a space for ... The MLitt in Mediaeval History is a taught postgraduate programme run by the School of History. ...
Ancient Classical Criticism History Medieval Theater: 8 assigned downloads, like The Theater of Plautus: Playing to the ... history • literary criticism • medieval • michael d. bristol • modern • performing arts • rome • theater • thomas g. rosenmeyer ...
General History Medieval Classical Ancient Juvenal: 1 assigned downloads, like Classics in Translation, Volume II: Latin ... Similar tags: ancient • classical • general • literary collections • medieval Top tags: sound effects • games shop • service ... Here, translated into modern English, are the works of literature, history, science, oratory, and philosophy that constitute ...
Emeritus Professor of Medieval History, The University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. ... Lectures in Medieval History, by Lynn Harry Nelson, ... Medieval Law on the Internet RETURN TO THE MEDIEVAL HISTORY ... Medieval History. The University of Kansas Lawrence, Kansas. Hosted at WWW-Virtual Library @ www.vlib.us ... Medieval Law. Dictionary and Thesaurus. minima non curat lex. 1. When the Germanic tribes entered the lands of the Western ...
Transcript of Medieval Siege Warfare - Year 8 History. Medieval Castles. and Siege Warfare Dover Castle. England Puilaurens ... Early Medieval:. Motte and Bailey Mid/Late Medieval:. Stone Castle with Keep Renaissance:. Star-Shaped Fortresses Tower of ... What features made them so difficult to capture? If you had access to only one form of medieval siege weaponry when attacking a ...
Mar a Rosa Menocal argues that major modifications of the medieval canon and its literary history are necessary. Menocal ... yet its influence on medieval literature has been ignored or marginalized for the last two centuries. In this ground-breaking ... Arabic culture was a central and shaping phenomenon in medieval Europe, ... least less linguistic literary history literary studies literature lyric Maimonides medieval Europe medieval period medieval ...
Random Medieval Site New to NetSERF Top 10 NetSERF Sites Top 10 NetSERF Sections Link to NetSERF Top Medieval Sites. ORB ... MWGrid: Medieval Warfare on the Grid "MWGrid is one of the seven pilot research projects to funded by the AHRC-EPSRC-JISC e- ... Medieval Warfare on the Grid (MWGrid) A detailed research project overview with the Arts & Humanities e-Science Support Centre ... Medieval Warfare on the Grid: A JISC EPSRC AHRC E-Science Programme Research project description."Professor Vincent Gaffney ( ...
A pictoral timeline of 50 year of history in the European Union. The 50 years of history of European Union is show in 5 minutes ... They are primarily along the themes of phylogeny (evolutionary history) and functional anatomy. The images are hosted in the UK ... Discusses: 1 Introduction 2 A history of particle physics 3 Experimental tools 4 Nuclear Masses 5 Nuclear models 6 Some basic ... book covers four broad areas Part I provides an introduction to the region outlines what archaeology can tell us of its history ...
Gorgias Press is an independent academic publisher specializing in the history and religion of the Middle East and the larger ... and enhancing our understanding of the linguistic mechanisms which helped create scientific vocabulary in medieval Hebrew. ...
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  • Medieval History Magazine was a magazine dedicated to the medieval era, with a readership encompassing historians, re-enactors and other individuals interested in the history of the Middle Ages. (wikipedia.org)
  • Analysis shows that high numbers of cestodes (tapeworms) were found in latrines from medieval Lübeck, one of the world's leading ports during the Middle Ages. (eurekalert.org)
  • Over the four years of the programme you will explore topics including the development of different systems of government (from democracy in ancient Greece to monarchy and empire in the Middle Ages), the formation of Europe, ancient and medieval belief systems and religious practices (from the pantheon of ancient deities to the dominance of Christianity), the development of the legal system, and the role of warfare in bringing about change. (tcd.ie)
  • The programme in Ancient and Medieval History and Culture is unique in offering a focused study of antiquity and the Middle Ages. (tcd.ie)
  • The MLitt in Mediaeval History allows students to study a variety of topics in depth from across the mediaeval worlds, both East and West, from Late Antiquity through to the Later Middle Ages. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • In the high middle ages, land in medieval Europe was the most important source of political power, social status, and material wealth. (volokh.com)
  • This survey of the history of medical ethics in medieval Europe will first examine the sparse evidence from the early Middle Ages , and then deal thematically with significant developments during the high and late Middle Ages. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Surveys of medical history typically describe the early Middle Ages as a time when medicine was practiced predominantly by monks who treated the ills not only of their fellow monks but also of the laity of the surrounding community, as an act of Christian charity. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Health in the Middle Ages __ 'As the populations of medieval towns and cities increased, hygienic conditions worsened, leading to a vast array of health problems. (archaeolink.com)
  • Brian Tierney is the author of 'The Middle Ages, Volume I, Sources of Medieval History', published 1998 under ISBN 9780073032894 and ISBN 0073032891. (valorebooks.com)
  • He looks at the ways in which chronicles were used during the middle ages, and at how the writing of history changed between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries. (iberlibro.com)
  • The Medieval Kitchen corrects many common misconceptions about the food of the Middle Ages, and acquaints the reader with the food culture, customs and ideologies associated with eating in medieval times. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • Life in a Medieval Village , by respected historians Joseph and Frances Gies, paints a lively, convincing portrait of rural people at work and at play in the Middle Ages. (audible.com)
  • A history of peasants in the Middle Ages, the story takes the listener into the life of Marion, the carpenter's wife, and her extended family as they struggle to survive through hardship, featuring a year in their lives at the mercy of the weather and the Lord of the Manor. (audible.com)
  • Over the course of 48 richly detailed lectures, Professor Garland covers the breadth and depth of human history from the perspective of the so-called ordinary people, from its earliest beginnings through the Middle Ages. (audible.com)
  • While theology and liturgy are important, an examination of animal trials, gargoyles, last judgments, various aspects of the medieval underworld, and the quest for salvation illuminate lesser known dimensions of religion in the Middle Ages. (springer.com)
  • Medieval philosophy' refers to philosophy in Western Europe during the "medieval" period, the so called "Middle Ages. (stanford.edu)
  • If you started this programme in 2017, you can find information about 2017 entry on the 2017 Mediaeval History MLitt page . (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • One of the greatest illuminated manuscripts in the world bears its history in a singular way. (mystatesman.com)
  • With more than 90 members of academic staff attached to our cross-disciplinary Centre for Medieval and Renaissance Studies (CMRS), Edinburgh is a wonderful environment for medieval scholarship. (prospects.ac.uk)
  • Either one can read the local landscape in every way and in as much detail as can be managed, as Alan Everitt did so effectively for the history of Kentish settlement, or one can draw on the mass of information that gathers around the political centre and leading institutions in order to see how general developments manifested themselves in the particular region. (history.ac.uk)
  • In late medieval times, Barcelona was an important centre for the manufacture and sale of metal goods. (mnactec.cat)
  • In this programme, you will take an in-depth look at the fascinating history of Europe in the period between AD 400 and 1500 and develop your own specialised interests. (prospects.ac.uk)
  • Reserachers sequenced the surprisingly well-preserved genome of the leprosy bacterium in skeletons exhumed from medieval graves in Europe. (livescience.com)
  • One of the medieval leprosy samples matched strains from the modern Middle East, but it's unclear whether the disease originally came from there or from Europe. (livescience.com)
  • A comparison between Doctor Faustus and A Day in a Medieval City brings to light how greatly Europe changed in the span of a few centuries. (bartleby.com)
  • books.google.com - Arabic culture was a central and shaping phenomenon in medieval Europe, yet its influence on medieval literature has been ignored or marginalized for the last two centuries. (google.com)
  • Medical Ethics, History of Europe: I. Ancient and Medieval. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The spread of Christianity and the power of the Church in medieval Europe can be considered the most important factor in shaping medieval economic behavior. (questia.com)
  • Medical knowledge was limited and, despite the efforts of medical practitioners and public and religious institutions to institute regulations, medieval Europe did not have an adequate health care system. (archaeolink.com)
  • As well as a fitting tribute to remarkable scholar, the essays in this collection constitute a major body of research which will be of long-term value to anyone with an interest in the history of early medieval Europe. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • The team of scientists also showed that a strain of M. leprae once present in medieval Europe is found today in the Middle East, whereas other medieval European strains are nearly identical to those now found in North America, both in leprosy patients and wild armadillos, thus suggesting a European origin of leprosy in the Americas. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • It is difficult to write a regional history for most areas of early-medieval Europe because convention and common form in writing tend to level off regional difference. (history.ac.uk)
  • In The Medieval Kitchen, Hannele Klemettila presents a richly illustrated history of medieval food and cookery in Western Europe and Scandinavia. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • Moreover, Hoffman notes that the three ecological zones of Europe - the Atlantic or maritime zone, the continental zone and the Mediterranean - did not experience the same ecological change during the Roman period or the early medieval period that followed. (wordpress.com)
  • Over the next communist rights he saw Chicago-style innovations to practice around Europe Writing to understand s book History and supernatural. (smartguyz.com)
  • Medieval philosophy is conventionally construed as the philosophy of Western Europe between the decline of classical pagan culture and the Renaissance. (stanford.edu)
  • If one takes medieval philosophy to include the Patristic period, as the present author prefers to do, then the area must be expanded to include, at least during the early centuries, Greek-speaking eastern Europe, as well as North Africa and parts of Asia Minor. (stanford.edu)
  • The study of Medieval Art traces these developments through the arts and architecture of Byzantium, Europe, and the Islamic world. (uwm.edu)
  • The annals of medieval medical history are full of substances that make us cringe. (historyonthenet.com)
  • Their period of rule constitutes a glorious era in the annals of medieval Indian history. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • Architecture/Castles __ Build a Medieval Castle A great site for the younger student - it contains free software that enables you to build a castle and make your own shields. (archaeolink.com)
  • History of the Medieval Castle __ 'Medieval castles were dominant from the early 10th century right through to the mid 17th century. (archaeolink.com)
  • A history of castles, fantasy castles, haunted castles and castles today. (archaeolink.com)
  • Likely commissioned in the 1240s by King Louis IX of France, who after his death was canonized as Saint Louis, the Crusader Bible illustrates select scenes from the Old Testament, its bright images brimming with medieval castles and battling knights in armor. (mystatesman.com)
  • 745 words - 3 pages also love to see the Sistine Chapel with its wonderful art on the ceiling and all around.I would like to go to Naples because of its beautiful scenery and its many medieval castles would b a sheer beauty to see. (avsabonline.org)
  • Jean A. Givens is Associate Professor in History of Art at the University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA. (google.co.uk)
  • R. I. Moore has been Professor of Medieval History at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne since 1993. (wiley.com)
  • Christopher Given-Wilson is Professor of Late Medieval History at the University of St. Andrews. (iberlibro.com)
  • Professor Bob Brier regularly hosts and contributes to programs on ancient Egypt for The History Channel and The Learning Channel. (thegreatcourses.com)
  • In these lectures on ancient Egypt, the enthusiasm of Professor Brier is so infectious, the material chosen so fascinating, and the presentation so pleasant that any adult listener could enrich his knowledge of history with enjoyment. (thegreatcourses.com)
  • Professor Brier shows what Egypt was like before writing, how Egyptologists piece together the history of ancient Egypt, and how hieroglyphs were deciphered. (thegreatcourses.com)
  • An associate English professor at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, Timothy Stinson, has begun DNA testing medieval manuscripts . (thehistoryblog.com)
  • He is Professor of History at Tulane University, where he has taught since 1978, after receiving his Ph.D. in History from Yale University. (thegreatcourses.com)
  • Professor Van Steenbergen said in an interview with Medievalists.net that "we thought that the papers were all of high quality, offering many new insights into general or specific aspects of the region's history and generating many questions and stimulating debates. (blogspot.com)
  • book History and supernatural medieval england Professor of International Political Economy and Political Economy of East Asia at the Department of Cultures, Politics and Society of the University of Torino, and an note at the TOChina internet of the latent Blood. (smartguyz.com)
  • Ian McBride, Professor of Irish and British History, KCL, was appointed Foster Professor of Irish History and a fellow of Hertford College. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Julia Smith, Edwards Professor of Medieval History, University of Glasgow, was appointed Chichele Professor of Medieval History and a fellow of All Souls College. (ox.ac.uk)
  • books.google.co.uk - This book surveys non-traditional subjects and approaches that have become part of the mainstream discipline of medieval history. (google.co.uk)
  • Within each section are essays on subjects such as the social self, use of psychoanalysis, and sex and gender in medieval life. (google.co.uk)
  • Pages that link to "Seventeen lectures on the study of medieval and modern history and kindred subjects/The Reign of Henry VII. (wikisource.org)
  • To understand why, Boldsen's colleagues sequenced DNA from five medieval skeletons, and from biopsies of living people with leprosy. (livescience.com)
  • The conclusions in this new study were based on genomic sequences, characteristic of M. leprae, obtained from five medieval skeletons that were excavated in Sweden, Denmark and Winchester in the UK. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • The MWGrid Project, or Medieval Warfare on the Grid is using agent-based modelling and distributed simulations to explore the military-logistical context of the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. (netserf.org)
  • A PDF presentation of the research going on in the Medieval Warfare on the Grid project. (netserf.org)
  • Sandra Alvarez serves as the Editor of Ancient History , while Peter Konieczny does the same role at Medieval Warfare . (medievalists.net)
  • and I hesitate the less to trust these matters to your friendship, as I write a true history of his warfare. (kellscraft.com)
  • He examines how medieval writers such as William of Malmesbury and Adam of Usk treated chronology and geography, politics and warfare, heroes and villains. (iberlibro.com)
  • The study of nature revived in the Renaissance , and quickly became a third branch of academic knowledge, itself divided into descriptive natural history and natural philosophy , the analytical study of nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • In modern terms, natural philosophy roughly corresponded to modern physics and chemistry , while natural history included the biological and geological sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present article will confine itself to articulating some of the overall contours of medieval philosophy. (stanford.edu)
  • While it is true that this region was to some extent a unit, culturally separate from its neighbors, it is also true that medieval philosophy was decisively influenced by ideas from the Greek East, from the Jewish philosophical tradition, and from Islam. (stanford.edu)
  • The chronological limits of medieval philosophy are likewise imprecise. (stanford.edu)
  • Still, it is perhaps most useful not to think of medieval philosophy as defined by the chronological boundaries of its adjacent philosophical periods, but as beginning when thinkers first started to measure their philosophical speculations against the requirements of Christian doctrine and as ending when this was no longer the predominant practice. (stanford.edu)
  • In addition to the library, which grew to over five hundred volumes (including one hundred belonging to Fidel), the men organized the Abel Santamaria Ideological Academy as a prison "university" to teach philosophy, world history, political economy, mathematics, and languages as well as Spanish-language classics. (wordpress.com)
  • This ring is for those interested in fantasy, roleplaying, medieval and renaissance history and literature. (webring.org)
  • Medieval Literature: The Basics is an engaging introduction to this fascinating body of literature. (routledge.com)
  • The volume breaks down the variety of genres used in the corpus of Medieval Literature and makes these texts accessible to readers. (routledge.com)
  • Mark Blackburn was one of the leading scholars of the numismatics and monetary history of the British Isles and Scandinavia during the early medieval period. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • He begins with a geographical description of Alsace and the Vosges, but moves quickly on to a very big picture, namely the definition of the early-medieval period. (history.ac.uk)
  • This volume represents a conversation among scholars in fields at the intersection of the history of art, science, and medicine. (google.co.uk)
  • The course benefits from an immense range of expertise from mediaeval scholars. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • The questions posed by disability studies scholarship are increasingly of interest to medieval studies scholars and there have been a wealth of books published on the intersection of these two fields of research over the past two decades. (routledge.com)
  • Over the four years you will develop a broad understanding of the ancient and medieval worlds through an analysis of their art, architecture, archaeology, culture and history. (tcd.ie)
  • 1. Assess the nature of serfdom in late medieval England. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • In fact, women accused of scolding in late medieval England were more likely to be single or married than widowed, and they came from diverse age groups and economic backgrounds. (jhu.edu)
  • One may ask: is there any real way to gauge the number of towns and villages in late medieval England that did not possess ambitious local elites? (jhu.edu)
  • Applicants must demonstrate a background in Medieval History and/or relevant language skills in their transcript, or if applicants cannot demonstrate this, they must make clear in the personal statement why they are equipped to undertake this programme. (prospects.ac.uk)
  • Ancient and Medieval History and Culture is a unique programme that brings together the disciplines of Classics, History and Art History to train you to work across traditional disciplinary boundaries. (tcd.ie)
  • As part of the School of Histories and Humanities, you will be able to work with experts in the disciplines of Classics, History and Art History, joining a vibrant community of staff and students in this interdisciplinary programme. (tcd.ie)
  • Ancient and Medieval History and Culture is a four-year honours degree programme. (tcd.ie)
  • The MLitt in Mediaeval History is a taught postgraduate programme run by the School of History. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • On our joint honours programme Ancient, Medieval and Modern History, you gain practical and broad insight into the study of history across millennia. (kent.ac.uk)
  • The programme draws upon the research and teaching expertise of both the Department of Classical & Archaeological Studies and the School of History. (kent.ac.uk)
  • The priorities of medieval chroniclers and historians were not those of the modern historian, nor was the way that they gathered, arranged and presented evidence. (iberlibro.com)
  • A student completing this course should understand what it meant to be an unfree person (a serf) in medieval England between 1300 and 1450 and the variety of types of evidence used by historians to study serfdom and the challenges of interpreting these documents. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • This book is very consciously a textbook intended for historians and history students. (wordpress.com)
  • This chapter is, for the most part, an almost exact reproduction of Ibn Ḫaldūn's Kitāb al-ʿIbar , from which al-Maqrīzī derived material from many other sources, including prominent Christian sources such as Kitāb Hurūšiyūš , Ibn al-ʿAmīd's History , and works by Muslim historians like Ibn al-Aṯīr's Kāmil . (brill.com)
  • Written by Sheffield historians (staff, students, alumni, and friends), here you'll find cutting-edge research, the history behind the headlines, and why we think history really matters. (shef.ac.uk)
  • AP European History A World Lit Only by Fire Reading Guide Part One: The Medieval Mind 1. (bartleby.com)
  • Ancient and Medieval History and Culture concentrates on the period c. 2000 B.C. to c. 1500 A.D. It explores the changes in society, politics, religious practices, and art and architecture that have helped to shape the world we live in. (tcd.ie)
  • If you are curious about the past and about how history has shaped the world we live in then Ancient and Medieval History and Culture will appeal to you. (tcd.ie)
  • She is author of The Ornament of the World: How Muslims, Jews, and Christians Created a Culture of Tolerance in Medieval Spain and Shards of Love: Exile and the Origins of the Lyric. (google.com)
  • BBC History Magazine and BBC World Histories Magazine are published by Immediate Media Company Limited under licence from BBC Worldwide, which helps fund new BBC programmes. (historyextra.com)
  • He is also General Editor of the Blackwell History of the World series. (wiley.com)
  • Are you interested in world history? (kent.ac.uk)
  • Our Special Collections and Archives also hold a rare and complete set of British official histories of both world wars. (kent.ac.uk)
  • Read Post book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A Concise environmentally to demonstrate to Home Page or you will be there studied in 10 platelets. (wickedchopspoker.com)
  • Gaana is you nuclear, responsible book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A Concise History to much 30 million human processes, Bollywood Music, English MP3 pairs, Regional Music & Mirchi Play. (wickedchopspoker.com)
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  • Read Post LaPorte book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A the about Stalinisation of KPD7. (wickedchopspoker.com)
  • 8. Siegi Moos, an international and nuclear book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A Concise History with 174 of the white Communist Party, were Germany in 1933 and, written in Britain, were another fibrinogen to the age of application. (wickedchopspoker.com)
  • safety anywhere for book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic World: A Concise History cracks and we'll communicate you merge about infectious changes in your Emails of count when they contain enlarged. (wickedchopspoker.com)
  • Environmental history brings the natural world into the story as an agent and object of history. (wordpress.com)
  • As a biologist, it is almost unimaginable to me for the natural world not to be a factor in history - not in a deterministic way - but as an integral component. (wordpress.com)
  • In the introduction Hoffmann discusses a hybrid model of culture and nature that provides a more complete understanding of the medieval world. (wordpress.com)
  • Therefore, this chapter of al-Ḫabar ʿan al-bašar is a continuation of the previous Arabic historiographical tradition, in which European history is integrated into world history through the combination of Christian and Islamic sources. (brill.com)
  • So instead of racking my cough-syrup-addled brain for a topic to post on, I'm posting a highly relevant excerpt from my upcoming History of the Medieval World . (susanwisebauer.com)
  • The forces involved and the casualties suffered by both sides were far greater than in any wars fought before the modern era, while the eventual outcome had far-reaching consequences for the history of the Western World, namely the ascendancy of Rome. (audible.com)
  • Some definitions go further, focusing on direct observation of organisms in their environments, both past and present, such as this one by G.A. Bartholomew: "A student of natural history, or a naturalist, studies the world by observing plants and animals directly. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medieval history begins with the dissolution of the Western Empire, with the abandonment of the Latin world to German conquerors. (castlesofmedievaltimes.com)
  • In History, you may choose a triple-module Special Subject, taught entirely through seminars, which involves close study of primary sources. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Medieval Christianity taught about the natural equality of man as opposed to older doctrines, which held that men are all different by nature. (questia.com)
  • The Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources is now complete: A-Z in 17 fascicules. (history.ac.uk)
  • Most of the documents studied are medieval in origin, all of which are presented in English translation (the originals are in Latin). (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Constantine The African , Latin Constantinus Africanus (born c. 1020 , Carthage or Sicily -died 1087 , monastery of Monte Cassino , near Cassino, Principality of Benevento [now in Italy]), medieval medical scholar who initiated the translation of Arabic medical works into Latin, a development that profoundly influenced Western thought. (britannica.com)
  • The highlight is the floor, which is covered by 375 intricate marble memorial tombstones, each featuring its resident knight's life history in Latin. (theknot.com)
  • The meaning of the English term "natural history" (a calque of the Latin historia naturalis ) has narrowed progressively with time, while, by contrast, the meaning of the related term "nature" has widened (see also History below). (wikipedia.org)
  • Medieval religion and the Latin Church are not synonymous. (springer.com)
  • Bovo soldare: a sacred cow of Spanish economic history re-evaluated, Jonathan Jarrett. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Medieval European academics considered knowledge to have two main divisions: the humanities (primarily what is now known as classics ) and divinity , with science studied largely through texts rather than observation or experiment. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you think, as some do today, that many drugs used as medicines are potentially deadly, consider what people living in medieval times were prescribed as curative agents-from ground up corpses to toxic mercury to crocodile dung. (historyonthenet.com)
  • It's the first time an ancient genome has been sequenced "from scratch" (without a reference genome), and reveals that medieval leprosy strains were nearly identical to modern leprosy strains. (livescience.com)
  • The sequencing revealed the leprosy genome has remained almost unchanged since medieval times, so the disease hasn't become any less potent. (livescience.com)
  • The genome sequences from the medieval skeletons were then compared with those of 11 modern strains of the disease. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • 1. 'Genome-wide comparison of medieval and modern Mycobacterium leprae', published in Science, 1238286. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • In the first year, you will take three modules from History and three from Classics. (dur.ac.uk)
  • Classics and Ancient History at Kent was ranked 5th for student satisfaction in The Complete University Guide 2021. (kent.ac.uk)
  • Renaissance artists sought to break away from the medieval past by pursuing an increased naturalism in their works, and they participated in a larger revival of ancient Greek and Roman culture through the study of masterpieces from classical antiquity. (uwm.edu)
  • This extraordinary man represents the early history of both France and Germany which afterwards divided into separate streams, and commands the admiration of both countries and nations. (ccel.org)
  • This text clearly articulates key concepts, defines critical vocabulary and demonstrates how postmodern theories, which have influenced all areas of the humanistic disciplines in recent years, are applied to the study of medieval history in practice, challenging our most fundamental assumptions about the meaning of historical evidence and our ability to read and interpret it. (google.co.uk)
  • In this ground-breaking book, now returned to print with a new afterword by the author, Mar a Rosa Menocal argues that major modifications of the medieval canon and its literary history are necessary. (google.com)
  • Bardsley's use of a wide range of sources-legal, artistic, and literary-provides the reader with a rich picture of late medieval English attitudes towards disruptive and illicit speech and the legal actions taken to validate these attitudes. (jhu.edu)
  • To understand medieval society, economy, and culture, we must understand the institutions relating to land and those who directly cultivated it with the strength of their bodies, or claimed it as theirs and sought to defend their right and enjoy its fruits - lordship, ownership, and the diverse rights and interests behind our modern Western concept of property. (volokh.com)
  • Another item that makes modern folks squeamish was often used in medicine from ancient times through the medieval era and into modern times: animal dung. (historyonthenet.com)
  • The scientists from Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Denmark and other locations in the UK, reconstructed the genomes of a dozen leprosy bacteria from medieval and modern contexts revealing a common ancestor for all leprosy bacteria within the last 4,000 years. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • J.L. Mehta, a specialist in medieval and modern Indian history, and a prolific writer, with proficiency in Urdu , Persian and Tibetan, besides Hindi, Punjabi and Sanskrit , has published a number of books, articles and monographs. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • From 7000 B.C., when Neolithic hunters began the transition to a pastoral and agricultural lifestyle, to the founding of modern Turkey in the 20th century, this varied geographical area about the size of Texas has been a crossroads of history. (thegreatcourses.com)
  • The latest peer-research from China is a study of ancient tree-trunks that provide 2,300+ years of tree-ring evidence, which clearly indicates the Medieval Warming was much warmer than modern temperatures. (c3headlines.com)
  • As I expected, the source of this claim is the standard modern history of the Inquisition, The Spanish Inquisition by Henry Kamen (fourth edition, 2014). (stackexchange.com)
  • history of the secret doctrines and mystic rites of ancient religions and medieval and modern secret orders 1895: LibraryThing for a Collection of Studies on Anthropology by North American Indians. (mooreamusicpele.com)
  • Modern definitions of natural history come from a variety of fields and sources, and many of the modern definitions emphasize a particular aspect of the field, creating a plurality of definitions with a number of common themes among them. (wikipedia.org)
  • King and Commoner tales were hugely popular across the late medieval and early modern periods, their cultural influence extending from Robin Hood ballads to Shakespearean national histories. (routledge.com)
  • History of the Christian Church, Volume IV: Mediaeval Christianity. (ccel.org)
  • It was there that in 1139 Geoffrey of Monmouth wrote his History of the Kings of Britain , a compilation of Arthurian legends. (wikipedia.org)
  • Living with the Lion: Themes in the Study of Mediaeval Scotland: explores key themes and texts in the study of mediaeval Scotland, particularly concerning elite culture and the power structures of the kingdom. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • 3. Critique late medieval historical texts. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • A specialist of medieval Franciscan history known for his innovative and thought-provoking readings of the texts of Franciscan history, he has written numerous articles on the subject. (blogspot.com)
  • Medievalists must always smile a little over these "discoveries," for we know where the Humanists discovered those classical texts-namely, in medieval manuscripts, where medieval scribes had been carefully preserving them for mankind over the centuries. (stanford.edu)
  • Simon Coates explores the symbolic meanings attached to hair in the early medieval West, and how it served to denote differences in age, sex, ethnicity and status. (historytoday.com)
  • Of the ten medieval churches within or near the town walls, at least six and probably a further three were Anglo-Saxon foundations. (british-history.ac.uk)
  • Hannele Klemettila is a postdoctoral researcher of the Academy of Finland and a specialist in medieval cultural history. (lovereading.co.uk)
  • Click here to find great medieval books for sale. (netserf.org)
  • A range of primary sources (including contemporary accounts of the city and its inhabitants, architecture, poetry, music, manuscript illuminations and other artworks, medieval books) provides insights into the topography of the city, the different social orders that made up its population, cultural and artistic expression and everyday life. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • Arthur Mee is the author of 'The World's Greatest Books, Volume XI: Ancient and Medieval History', published 2008 under ISBN 9780554209401 and ISBN 0554209403. (valorebooks.com)
  • No Syllabi are on file for HISTORY 110. (umich.edu)
  • Sources and Source Criticism: interpretation and criticism of mediaeval sources. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • He is the Editor of the British Numismatic Journal, and his publications include Mints and Money in Medieval England (2012). (whsmith.co.uk)
  • They should also possess a basic knowledge of everyday life in late medieval rural England, and of events such as the Black Death and Peasants' Revolt. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • You should go your relevant book History and supernatural medieval england. (smartguyz.com)
  • In this well-researched study, Sandy Bardsley aims to describe and explain the increased attention paid to "disruptive speech" in late medieval, that is to say postplague, England. (jhu.edu)
  • It's very rare for this period of history to recreate any family trees, let alone 36. (sott.net)
  • This memorial volume of essays commemorates Mark Blackburn's considerable achievement and impact on the field, builds on his research and evaluates a vibrant period in the study of early medieval monetary history. (whsmith.co.uk)
  • Hoffmann opens the historical discussion with a valuable chapter demolishing all ideas of an European wilderness at the dawn of the medieval period. (wordpress.com)
  • From here he moves into my period of greatest interest, the early medieval or late antique period. (wordpress.com)
  • The IPCC Climategate scientists have worked mightily at eradicating the Medieval Warming Period and Little Ice Age but this fabricated interpretation of historical temperatures is continually challenged by an increasing accumulation of actual scientific evidence. (c3headlines.com)
  • Last month the University of Ghent in Belgium hosted the Eighteenth Colloquium on the History of Egypt and Syria in the Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk Eras, an annual meeting of international experts on the history of Islamic Egypt and Syria in the Islamic 'middle' period (1000-1500). (blogspot.com)
  • Scolding was virtually unheard of as a crime before the Black Death but was widely prosecuted during the later medieval period. (jhu.edu)
  • Although her descriptive evidence goes a long way towards destroying the idea that the late medieval period was a "golden age" in which the status of. (jhu.edu)
  • Leprosy causes deformaties of the skull, seen in this medieval skull from Winchester, UK. (livescience.com)
  • But one of the medieval skeletons contained a very large amount of well-preserved DNA, possibly because the leprosy bacterium has a very thick cell wall that protects it from degradation. (livescience.com)
  • In the study, the Birmingham scientists characterized the medieval skeletons as authentic leprosy cases, using highly specific fats as biomarkers. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • These comprehensive studies provide a sound framework for understanding the global history and current spread of leprosy. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • This is a seminar-driven, student-led module, which encourages students to think about the way in which history is written. (dur.ac.uk)
  • In your final year of study, there is an option to take a dissertation module in History on a subject of your choice or you can complete an archaeological project. (kent.ac.uk)
  • In this way, the module will help students develop skills in source analysis and research that will provide a foundation for future historical work: particularly HIH2001 Doing History and the History dissertation. (exeter.ac.uk)
  • The Mughals played a premier role in effecting a healthy synthesis between the exotic Islamic traditions and ancient Indian culture, thus bringing into existence a new social order, called the Indo-Muslim culture, which was neither Hindu nor Muslim but a synthetic culture of the medieval age. (exoticindiaart.com)
  • Read Post Hjalmar Schacht, President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics, was a book Medieval Cuisine of the Islamic for causation treatment in May 1933. (wickedchopspoker.com)
  • Islamicate Occult Sciences in Theory and Practice brings together the latest research on Islamic occultism from a variety of disciplinary perspectives, namely intellectual history, manuscript studies and material culture. (brill.com)
  • Britain's best-selling history magazine helps you bring Britain's and the world's rich past to life. (historyextra.com)
  • Fundamental Christian doctrines had a profound influence on medieval economies. (questia.com)
  • In Ancient History, all students take two interdisciplinary modules that serve to give everyone a grounding in the central periods of Greek and Roman culture. (dur.ac.uk)
  • This course discusses aspects of European history between the late Roman era and the eighteenth century. (umich.edu)
  • Roman or Medieval lead stylus, found near Durham (PAS dating). (medievalwares.com)
  • Did people blaspheme deliberately to be tried in the Medieval European Inquisition courts instead of other secular courts? (stackexchange.com)
  • Is there any evidence pointing to the fact that Medieval Europeans preferred to be tried in the Inquisition courts rather than other secular courts? (stackexchange.com)
  • Nonetheless, the phrase "medieval theories of analogy" as used here will refer to semantic analogy, a set of linguistic and logical doctrines supplemented, at least from the fourteenth century on, by doctrines about the nature of human concepts. (stanford.edu)
  • Both experimentalism and corpuscularianism are generally taken to break with the Aristotelian-scholastic tradition, relying instead on sources such as medieval and Renaissance alchemy, natural magic and the liberal arts. (rug.nl)
  • Thanks to the numerous manuscripts and iconographic sources preserved in the archives and museums of Barcelona and the preservation of medieval technical manuals, some of which were written by Hispanic authors, it is now possible to reconstruct in detail the work of coppersmiths in Barcelona at that time. (mnactec.cat)
  • Jews and Muslims in Medieval Imagery»: Medieval Christians met other religions through expeditions, crusades and trade, but also as religious minorities in their own towns and cities. (ntnu.edu)
  • In this special episode, Peter chats with the hosts of the History of the Crusades, History of Byzantium, and British History podcasts. (podbean.com)
  • Ancient and Medieval History and Culture: The course for you? (tcd.ie)
  • So land title and the vocabulary and discourse with which it was contested occupies a rather central position in medieval culture as a whole. (volokh.com)
  • This panel, therefore, will explore the intersection among law, economics, and culture in the particular context of medieval European land law. (volokh.com)
  • To study history as if nature mattered requires coming to an understanding of how culture and nature interact and the types of evidence available. (wordpress.com)
  • As a biologist, the hybrid culture-nature model feels very instinctive and reminds me of Edmund Russell's evolutionary history work. (wordpress.com)
  • the hearth-fire of medieval culture was kindled on the ruins of the Empire. (castlesofmedievaltimes.com)
  • For example, while natural history is most often defined as a type of observation and a subject of study, it can also be defined as a body of knowledge, and as a craft or a practice, in which the emphasis is placed more on the observer than on the observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are primarily along the themes of phylogeny (evolutionary history) and functional anatomy. (nottingham.ac.uk)