History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.History, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.Th2 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.Th1 Cells: Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Th17 Cells: Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.Famous PersonsMedicine in ArtHistoryHistory of MedicinePaintingsPersia: An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)Leper Colonies: Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.Civilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.Nobel PrizeEmbryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.History of NursingMedicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Anthropology: The science devoted to the comparative study of man.Climate: The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Burial: The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Neurology: A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.Books, Illustrated: Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Plague: An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.Literature, MedievalEuropeSculptureBooksMummies: Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.United StatesMythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Greenhouse Effect: The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.History, Modern 1601-: The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)ArtManuscripts, MedicalMagic: Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Anthropology, Physical: The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Philosophy, MedicalForecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Naval Medicine: The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.Croatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Medical Illustration: The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.Climate Change: Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Psychoanalysis: The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).Population Dynamics: The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.Engraving and EngravingsReligion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Fur Seals: A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.Numismatics: Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Theology: The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.ItalyFounder Effect: A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.Communicable DiseasesEconomic Development: Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.Smallpox: An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Societies, Hospital: Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.Social Change: Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Democracy: A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.Periostitis: Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Theft: Unlawful act of taking property.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Th1-Th2 Balance: Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).Population Growth: Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.Symbolism: A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Disease Outbreaks: Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.Mortality: All deaths reported in a given population.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Citrus aurantiifolia: A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).Developmental Biology: The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.Genealogy and HeraldryEnglandClinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Psychiatry: The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Genetic Variation: Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.Awards and PrizesWorld Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Genetics, Population: The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.GermanyEcology: The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)Evolution, Molecular: The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.GreeceDemography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Great BritainOceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).North AmericaHungaryCrops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Islam: A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.DNA, Mitochondrial: Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.South AmericaWater Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.PortugalEducation, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Phylogeography: A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Haplotypes: The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.Emigration and Immigration: The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Europe, EasternSuntan: An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.RussiaSequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cercopithecinae: A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Societies, Medical: Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Yersinia pestis: The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.Communicable Disease Control: Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.Spain: Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.PolandGeneral Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Biodiversity: The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Population Density: Number of individuals in a population relative to space.Cardiology: The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.Developed Countries: Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.Arctic Regions: The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)Public Health Practice: The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.Asia: The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.SwitzerlandPacific OceanLondonSocial Justice: An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.BrazilAge Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Life Expectancy: Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Pedigree: The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.AfricaNutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Microsatellite Repeats: A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).Genotype: The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.MexicoNeoplasms: New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.Cholera: An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.WalesGeologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)History of DentistrySex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Family Health: The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Infant Mortality: Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.JapanNatural History: A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Smallpox Vaccine: A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)

The expiry date of man: a synthesis of evolutionary biology and public health. (1/5154)

In industrialised countries, mortality and morbidity are dominated by age related chronic degenerative diseases. The health and health care needs of future populations will be heavily determined by these conditions of old age. Two opposite scenarios of future morbidity exist: morbidity might decrease ("compress"), because life span is limited, and the incidence of disease is postponed. Or morbidity might increase ("expand"), because death is delayed more than disease incidence. Optimality theory in evolutionary biology explains senescence as a by product of an optimised life history. The theory clarifies how senescence is timed by the competing needs for reproduction and survival, and why this leads to a generalised deterioration of many functions at many levels. As death and disease are not independent, future morbidity will depend on duration and severity of the process of senescence, partly determined by health care, palliating the disease severity but increasing the disease duration by postponing death. Even if morbidity might be compressed, health care needs will surely expand.  (+info)

Avoidable mortality in Europe 1955-1994: a plea for prevention. (2/5154)

OBJECTIVE: To analyse trends of avoidable mortality in Europe, emphasising causes of death amenable to primary prevention through reduction of exposures, secondary prevention through early detection and treatment, and tertiary prevention through improved treatment and medical care. DESIGN: Descriptive study of mortality from avoidable causes for the years 1955 through 1994, for ages 5-64 at time of death. Using the World Health Organisation Mortality Database, five year death rates were standardised to the world population. SETTING: 21 countries of Europe in four regions (northern, central, and southern Europe, Nordic countries). PARTICIPANTS: All causes of deaths for men and women, aged 5-64, at time of death. MAIN RESULTS: Between 1955-59 and 1990-94, the reduction in mortality was somewhat greater for avoidable causes than for all causes: 45.8% v 45.1% (women) and 39.3% v 32.6% among men. Reductions in mortality were greater for causes amenable to improved medical care: 77.9% among women and 76.3% among men. The smallest reduction in mortality was seen in women for causes amenable to secondary prevention (11.0%), and in men for causes amendable to primary prevention including tobacco related conditions (16.6%). From a geographical point of view, there were slight differences in trends between European regions, but overall the patterns were similar. CONCLUSIONS: The greatest reduction of avoidable mortality in Europe from 1955-94 came from causes amenable to improved treatment and medical care for both sexes. Further reductions of avoidable mortality can be achieved through implementation of primary and secondary prevention activities, such as tobacco control, reduction of occupational exposures, and universal access to breast and cervical cancer screening programmes.  (+info)

1998 and beyond--Legge's legacy to modern occupational health. (3/5154)

Thomas Legge achieved much in his professional lifetime. The purpose of this lecture is to highlight some of these achievements in the light of what we have achieved since then. In other words, if Legge was in the audience today, how would he feel we have performed? On 'industrial maladies', progress has been made in reducing poisoning by heavy metals but our success with chrome ulceration and lead depends on surveillance and control. Room for improvements remain. For asbestos related diseases, Legge would be disappointed with our progress. Two areas of particular concern to Legge were upper limb disorders and 'occupational neurosis'. Much remains to be done. As a member of the 1st Committee on Compensatable Diseases, a review of the Scheme to date will focus on the common diseases now being prescribed and on the threats to the Scheme from the Benefits review. For the future, there are many challenges in the newer workplaces and the changing workforces. The HSE initiatives for a new occupational strategy and the Government Green Paper on Public Health provide great opportunities for the occupational health professional to influence the nature and shape of future public health strategy. Above all we must have some of Legge's characteristics to achieve this-vision, passion and commitment.  (+info)

Erich Muhe and the rejection of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (1985): a surgeon ahead of his time. (4/5154)

During the early 1980s, news of Semm's laparoscopic appendectomy was rippling through German medical circles. Erich Muhe, fascinated by Semm's technique and spurred by successes of the Erlangen endoscopists, came up with the idea of laparoscopic removal of gallstones. In 1984, Muhe had already worked out the details of an operative laparoscope, the "Galloscope," and on September 12, 1985, he carried out the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Later, he modified his technique and operated through a trocar sleeve. Finally, he designed an "open laparoscope" with a circular light. By March 1987, Muhe had conducted 97 endoscopic gallbladder removals. He published information about his technique at the Congress of the German Surgical Society (April 1986) and at other surgical meetings in Germany. His concept, however, was ignored. In the middle of the 1980s, the surgical community was still not prepared for the era of "minimally invasive therapy." Erich Muhe was a surgeon ahead of his time.  (+info)

Drug development in solid tumors: personal perspective of Dr. Emil J Freireich's contributions. (5/5154)

The development of chemotherapy for patients with the major cancers progressed from the initial success attained in the treatment of acute leukemias and choriocarcinoma. Many of the principles of therapy were based on the concepts developed in the experimental laboratories and early clinical studies done at the NIH Clinical Center and other centers around the country. The purpose of this review is to describe some of the early advances in cancer therapy and show how many are based on the efforts of Dr. Emil J Freireich. Over his career, Dr. Freireich has published more than 500 papers and worked on more than 70 different drugs and combinations. The principles defined by Dr. Freireich, namely, the use of intermittent intensive chemotherapy to induce complete remissions (CRs), intensification of therapy in remission, and the use of unmaintained remissions to assess cure, have been important in developing curative chemotherapy programs in patients with acute leukemias. These same principles were applied to combination therapy of Hodgkin's disease as the nitrogen mustard, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone combination was developed. This led to the high CR and cure rate for this disease. The treatment of metastatic breast cancer does not produce a high proportion of CRs, and cures of metastatic disease are unlikely with chemotherapy alone. But adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery has resulted in a significant reduction in cancer mortality. Many challenges remain in increasing the cure rate for the major solid tumors. New avenues of controlling cell growth and metastases need to be explored. One approach that is exploitable is the use of drugs or nutrients to prevent cancer. Laboratory approaches are now becoming a clinical reality.  (+info)

Toward a leukemia treatment strategy based on the probability of stem cell death: an essay in honor of Dr. Emil J Freireich. (6/5154)

Dr. Emil J Freireich is a pioneer in the rational treatment of cancer in general and leukemia in particular. This essay in his honor suggests that the cell kill concept of chemotherapy of acute myeloblastic leukemia be extended to include two additional ideas. The first concept is that leukemic blasts, like normal hemopoietic cells, are organized in hierarchies, headed by stem cells. In both normal and leukemic hemopoiesis, killing stem cells will destroy the system; furthermore, both normal and leukemic cells respond to regulators. It follows that acute myelogenous leukemia should be considered as a dependent neoplasm. The second concept is that cell/drug interaction should be considered as two phases. The first, or proximal phase, consists of the events that lead up to injury; the second, or distal phase, comprises the responses of the cell that contribute to either progression to apoptosis or recovery. Distal responses are described briefly. Regulated drug sensitivity is presented as an example of how distal responses might be used to improve treatment.  (+info)

Chronic myelogenous leukemia--progress at the M. D. Anderson Cancer Center over the past two decades and future directions: first Emil J Freireich Award Lecture. (7/5154)

The purpose of this study was to review the progress in clinical and translational research in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) over the past 20 years at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. The CML database updating the clinical and basic research investigations was reviewed as the source of this report. Publications resulting from these investigations were summarized. The long-term results with intensive chemotherapy, IFN-alpha therapy alone or in combination, autologous stem cell transplantation, and new agents such as homoharringtonine and decitabine showed encouraging results. Biological studies related to the BCR-ABL molecular abnormality, other molecular events, and the detection of minimal residual disease were detailed. Future strategies with potential promise in CML were outlined. Significant progress in understanding CML biology and in treating patients afflicted with the disease has occurred. Several therapeutic and research tools are currently investigated, which should hopefully improve further the prognosis of patients with CML.  (+info)

Skirting the issue: women and international health in historical perspective. (8/5154)

Over the last decades women have become central to international health efforts, but most international health agencies continue to focus narrowly on the maternal and reproductive aspects of women's health. This article explores the origins of this paradigm as demonstrated in the emergence of women's health in the Rockefeller Foundation's public health programs in Mexico in the 1920s and 1930s. These efforts bore a significant reproductive imprint; women dispensed and received services oriented to maternal and childbearing roles. Women's health and social advocacy movements in Mexico and the United States partially shaped this interest. Even more important, the emphasis on women in the Rockefeller programs proved an expedient approach to the Foundation's underlying goals: promoting bacteriologically based public health to the government, medical personnel, business interests, and peasants; helping legitimize the Mexican state; and transforming Mexico into a good political and commercial neighbor. The article concludes by showing the limits to the maternal and reproductive health model currently advocated by most donor agencies, which continue to skirt--or sidestep--major concerns that are integral to the health of women.  (+info)

1. Prof. William Fowler B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture - "The Early Universe" - 15 March, 1990. 2. Prof. S. Van Der Meer B.M. Birla Science Centre Lecture - "The Long-Term Future of Particle Accelerators" - 17 March, 1990 3. Prof. Abdus Salam B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture - "Astroparticle Physics" - 17 May, 1989. 4. Prof. Lord George Porter B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture - "Energy and Evolution"- 18 January, 1993 5. Prof. Antony Hewish B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture - "The Wonders of Pulsars" 15 November, 1993 6. Prof. Norman Ramsey B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture "Time and the Physical Universe" - 24 March, 1994 7. Prof. Aaron Klug B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture "Regulation of Gene Expression" - 18 December, 1996 8. Prof. Ilya Prigogine B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture "Time, Chaos and the Laws of Nature" - 27 December, 1995. 9. Prof. Pierre De Gennes B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture "Bubbles, Foams and Other Fragile Objects" - 6 February, 1996. 10. Prof. Werner Arber B.M. Birla Memorial Lecture "DNA Rearrangements in ...
Purchase A Historical Perspective on Evidence-Based Immunology - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780123983817, 9780123983756
8.1: Scientific Contributions to a Theory of Evolution pg Key Terms: paleontology, catastrophism, uniformitarianism, inheritance of acquired characteristics, theory of evolution by natural selection,
The groundbreaking Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium (PCCC) and a historical perspective of pediatric cardiology will be discussed during todays Dan G. McNamara Lecture. The keynote speaker, James H. Moller, MD, will look back over a quarter century of the PCCCs work to improve outcomes in children with congenital heart disease.. "Its been a long journey, and this is the first time weve discussed the data as a whole," says Moller. From 1982 to 2008, the PCCC collected data to form an unparalleled database with input from 52 centers in the U.S. and Canada. The PCCC is a registry of cardiac catheterizations, surgical operations, and autopsies performed for infants, children and adults with congenital heart disease.. His talk, "Using Data to Improve Quality: The Pediatric Cardiac Care Consortium," will take place from 10:45 a.m. to 12:15 p.m. in room 31C, and will explain the principles behind creating the database and will demonstrate how the PCCC adjusted for differences in the ...
Prof. Michael F. Summers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, who visited Institute of Biophysics(IBP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) on August 27, 2015, delivered a Shizhang Bei Lecture entitled Insights into the Structural Basis and Mechanism of HIV-1 Genome Packaging. Prof. Zheng Zhou hosted the lecture, and Prof. Bin Xia from Peking University, Prof. Ping Zhu, Prof. Wei Feng, Prof. Jiangyun Wang from IBP, and many researchers and graduate students participated in this interesting report.. Prof. Michael F. Summers, a Principle Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, is also a Distinguished Professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of Maryland. He is dedicated to the research on the maturation and infection mechanism of retroviruses, especially the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). By studying the structure and dynamics of proteins and the interaction between proteins and RNA, he strives to understand how HIV and ...
Contributors. Foreword.. Introduction.. PART 1 HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES.. 1 A world of thought: The Ecology of Invasions by Animals and Plants and Charles Eltons lifes work (ROGER L. KITCHING).. 2 Charles Elton: neither founder nor siren, but prophet (DANIEL SIMBERLOFF).. 3 The inviolate sea? Charles Elton and biological invasions in the worlds oceans (JAMES T. CARLTON).. 4 The rise and fall of biotic nativeness: a historical perspective (MATTHEW K. CHEW AND ANDREW L. HAMILTON).. PART 2 EVOLUTION AND CURRENT DIMENSIONS OF INVASION ECOLOGY.. 5 Patterns and rate of growth of studies in invasion ecology (HUGH J. MACISAAC, RAHEL A. TEDLA AND ANTHONY RICCIARDI).. 6 Invasion ecology and restoration ecology: parallel evolution in two fi elds of endeavour (RICHARD J. HOBBS AND DAVID M. RICHARDSON).. PART 3 NEW TAKES ON INVASION PATTERNS.. 7 Biological invasions in Europe 50 years after Elton: time to sound the ALARM (PETR PYŠEK AND PHILIP E. HULME).. 8 Fifty years of tree pest and pathogen ...
Twentieth-Century China publishes new research on Chinas long twentieth century. Originating in 1975 as a newsletter for experts in the discipline, Twentieth-Century China has grown into one of the leading English-language journals in the field of Chinese history.
Degrees of Guidance: Essays on Twentieth-Century American Photography by Peter C Bunnell starting at $3.80. Degrees of Guidance: Essays on Twentieth-Century American Photography has 1 available editions to buy at Alibris
Comprehensively researched, abundantly illustrated and written in accessible and engaging prose . . . With great skill, Poore weaves diverse types of evidence, including historical sources, art, literature, journalism, film, philosophy, and personal narratives into a tapestry which illuminates the cultural, political, and economic processes responsible for the marginalization, stigmatization, even elimination, of disabled people---as well as their recent emancipation. ---Disability Studies Quarterly "A major, long-awaited book. The chapter on Nazi images is brilliant---certainly the best that has been written in this arena by any scholar." ---Sander L. Gilman, Emory University "An important and pathbreaking book . . . immensely interesting, it will appeal not only to students of twentieth-century Germany but to all those interested in the growing field of disability studies." ---Robert C. Holub, University of Tennessee Disability in Twentieth-Century German Culture covers the entire scope of ...
iseopir. FIFTY YEARS of AMERICAN MARXISM 1891-1941 Commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founding of the Weekly People Published by the ^SOCIALIST LABOR PARTY. OF AMERICA 1941 k FIFTY YEARS ADV0C7\T£. wisV/^**"*^* of N,. Vri .,U «,». •«^9inM iv^inauMt eigh! ji^ tin- tii Wj»**r ««» ««f I. Ther» lire f ..,r r- *r »,e A»ylK*m,tfd S.«.,H} of ,,O gfMj» a»J Jotorra and in^ I nit^J tt*w a« I frtinii C«rp*i,triN Tl f .r ~- "-*^ *- »^ «««t an fstTOM V t. , II »^ nimt i«j •» Xnr r«t wd Pr.vtfj-0 The TVorhmens Advocate was the first newspaper published in English by the Sociaylist Labor Party. Founded in December, 188i, it was published weekly until replaced by The People in April, 1891. The issue reproduced hails the first International May Day celebration, ordered by the International Socialist Congress which met in Paris, August, 1889. OF AMERICAN MARXISM UniversfJy of Tew Austin, Jexat The Role of the Party Press B^ JOHN TIMM f JB HE sword of the ...
Editors: Prof. Dr med. Dietmar Schlembach, Prof. Kypros Nicolaides, Silke Mader, Nicole Thiele Authors: Prof. Dr med. Michael Abou Dakn, PD Dr med. habil Karl Heinz Brisch, Prof. Dr med. Thomas Dimpfl, Jennifer Jaque-Rodney, Prof. Dr med. Jörg Dötsch, Dr med. Klaus Doubek, Prof. Dr med. Joachim W. Dudenhausen, Prof. Dr med. Klaus Friese, Prof. Moshe Hod, Prof. Dr med. habil. h.c. Udo B. Hoyme, Prof. Dr med. Karl Oliver Kagan, Prof. Dr med. Franz Kainer, Dr med Anil Kapur, Dr Wolf Kirschner, Prof. Dr med. Berthold Koletzko, Stephanie Polus, Prof. Dr med. Christof Schaefer, Doris Scharrel, Prof. Dr med. Dietmar Schlembach, Dr med. Christiane Schiffner, Gabriele Stenz, PD Dr med. Stefan Verlohren, Prof. Dr med. Klaus Vetter. We kindly thank our project partners: Bübchen, Nestlé, Philips Avent, ThermoFisher ...
by Murray, Christopher J L, Prof and Vos, Theo, Prof and Lozano, Rafael, Prof and Naghavi, Mohsen, PhD and Flaxman, Abraham D, PhD and Michaud, Catherine, MD and Ezzati, Majid, Prof and Shibuya, Kenji, Prof and Salomon, Joshua A, Prof and Abdalla, Safa, MBBS and Aboyans, Victor, Prof and Abraham, Jerry, MPH and Ackerman, Ilana, PhD and Aggarwal, Rakesh, Prof and Ahn, Stephanie Y, MPH and Ali, Mohammed K, MBChB and AlMazroa, Mohammad A, MD and Alvarado, Miriam, BA and Anderson, H Ross, Prof and Anderson, Laurie M, PhD and Andrews, Kathryn G, MPH and Atkinson, Charles, BS and Baddour, Larry M, Prof and Bahalim, Adil N, MEng and Barker-Collo, Suzanne, PhD and Barrero, Lope H, ScD and Bartels, David H, BA and Basáñez, Maria-Gloria, Prof and Baxter, Amanda, MPH and Bell, Michelle L, Prof and Benjamin, Emelia J, Prof and Bennett, Derrick, PhD and Bernabé, Eduardo, PhD and Bhalla, Kavi, PhD and Bhandari, Bishal, MSc and Bikbov, Boris, MD and Abdulhak, Aref Bin, MD and Birbeck, Gretchen, Prof and ...
by Weller, Michael, Prof and van den Bent, Martin, Prof and Tonn, Jörg C, Prof and Stupp, Roger, Prof and Preusser, Matthias, MD and Cohen-Jonathan-Moyal, Elizabeth, Prof and Henriksson, Roger, Prof and Rhun, Emilie Le, MD and Balana, Carmen, MD and Chinot, Olivier, Prof and Bendszus, Martin, Prof and Reijneveld, Jaap C, Prof and Dhermain, Frederick, MD and French, Pim, PhD and Marosi, Christine, MD and Watts, Colin, MD and Oberg, Ingela and Pilkington, Geoffrey, PhD and Baumert, Brigitta G, MD and Taphoorn, Martin J B, Prof and Hegi, Monika, PhD and Westphal, Manfred, Prof and Reifenberger, Guido, Prof and Soffietti, Riccardo, Prof and Wick, Wolfgang, Prof and European Assoc Neuro-Oncology and European Association for Neuro-Oncology (EANO) Task Force on Gliomas ...
Williams, J.S. (1997) Scandal in the ink: Male and female homosexuality in twentieth-century French literature - Robinson,C. Review of: Scandal in the ink: Male and female homosexuality in twentieth-century French literature by Robinson, Christopher. Modern Language Review, 92 (part 1). p. 209. ISSN 0026-7937. (The full text of this publication is not currently available from this repository. You may be able to access a copy if URLs are provided) ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Preface. How molecular genetics has reshaped clinical electrophysiology-from an historical perspective to the new challenges. AU - Priori, Silvia G.. PY - 2010/12. Y1 - 2010/12. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78649419668&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78649419668&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.ccep.2010.11.001. DO - 10.1016/j.ccep.2010.11.001. M3 - Article. AN - SCOPUS:78649419668. VL - 2. JO - Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics. JF - Cardiac Electrophysiology Clinics. SN - 1877-9182. IS - 4. ER - ...
Historical Perspectives and Incidences of Financial Crises by Khandare S. (ISBN: 978-1-4936-2143-9); Published by CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platformin Oct 2013. Compare book prices on Bookwire.com to buy books from the lowest price among top online book retailers
Read chapter 6. Energetics and Climate with Emphasis on Heat: A Historical Perspective: This volume examines the current state of knowledge concerning the...
Global SYMPLICITY Registry Co-Chairs Prof. Michael Böhm; Prof. Giuseppe Mancia Executive Committee Prof. Bryan Williams; Prof. Krzysztof Narkiewicz; Prof. Luis Ruilope; Prof. Markus Schlaich; Dr. Felix Mahfoud Steering Committee Executive committee and Dr. Mostafa Adel Youssef; Dr. Ashok Seth; Brett Egan; Dr. Dong-Ju Choi; Dr. Phillip LAllier Prof. Bert Andersson; Prof. Chaim Lotan; Prof. Iris Baumgartner; Prof. Massimo Volpe; Prof. Roland Schmieder; Prof. Thierry Lefevre; Prof. Uta Hoppe; Prof. Uwe Zeymer; Dr. Robaayah Zambahari Independent Clinical Events Committee Steven Marx, MD; Clive Rosendorff, MD, PhD; Michele H. Mokrzycki, MD; Ladan Golestaneh, MD; Joel Neugarten, MD (Non-voting members: Roxana Mehran, MD and Sorin Brener, MD) Data Analysis Institut für Herzinfarktforschung, IHF, Ludwigshafen, Germany Sponsor Deutsche Gesellschaft für Kardiologie Medtronic, Inc.
Of nearly equal importance to the CASS randomized trial were the data collected in its registry arm, which was composed of 23 338 patients who underwent coronary angiography to determine whether or not they had angiographically demonstrable CAD, regardless of their symptoms. The specific therapy received by these individuals was determined solely by the individual treating physician and was not in anyway randomized. The subsequent 5-year follow-up of these patients created one of the largest existing observational databanks on CAD. Of its many seminal contributions, perhaps the most widely cited article relates to the natural history of patients with CAD who were treated non-operatively. The CASS registry indicates annual mortality rates of 1.5%, 3.0%, and 5.0% for patients with 1, 2, and 3-vessel disease, respectively, who remain unrevascularized.21 These data are more than 20 years old and must be interpreted with caution because of the well-documented beneficial effects of therapies that were ...
TUEBINGEN, Germany, November 12, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --. immatics biotechnologies GmbH, a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing advanced therapeutic vaccines that are active against cancer, today announced the appointment of Peter Chambré as Chairman of the Board with immediate effect. Peter Chambré has had extensive senior management experience in the biopharmaceutical sector and now holds several Chairman positions in the life sciences industry. He will replace Thomas Widmann, who has been Chairman of the Company since 2004.. Peter Chambré was CEO of Cambridge Antibody Technology (CAT), from 2002 until its acquisition by AstraZeneca in 2006. Before joining CAT, Peter Chambré was Chief Operating Officer of Celera Genomics Group and, previously, CEO of Bespak plc, a drug delivery company.. Following these major executive roles in the sector, Peter Chambré has held several Chairman and Non-executive Director positions. From 2008-2010, he was Chairman of ApaTech, a specialist in ...
for insistent high quality research on prevention of one of the most dreadful diseases of our time. Pioneering work that is already the base of contemporary science but also is the lead for many young researchers in the years to come.. ECP established the yearly Michael J Hill Memorial Lecture to document important contemporary work on cancer prevention by world recognized and outstanding researchers. Eminent work on cancer prevention that realized the dream of our first ECP president Michael J Hill. He was a pioneer researcher and convinced of the power of prevention. He supported the use of all available technology in the pursuit of his main goal: primary prevention. He also realized that research on prevention is a continuous fight that is seldom recognized in its true dimensions.. Since 2007 the Michael J Hill Memorial Lecture has been awarded to:. ...
Final Report of the Task Force on Genetic Testing Howard Markel, M.D., Ph.D.**. INTRODUCTION. Scientific research on the genetic basis of human disease has made breathtaking progress over the past several decades, providing an enormous increase in genetic tools for diagnosis, and also posing critical, confounding problems. This essay will historically analyze three genetics testing programs over the past quarter century in order to elucidate some of these problems, and help in developing genetics screening policies that are ethical and effective.. Public assessments of new genetic research have predicted a vast array of diagnostic and therapeutic technologies by the close of the twentieth century., Of course it is not possible to forecast just how many pathological conditions will be genetically diagnosed or treated in the next millennium, but physicians, epidemiologists, public health professionals, insurance companies, and patients, to name a few, will have strikingly more genetically based ...
Members: Dr. Nguyen Anh, Prof. Dr. Le Tran Binh, Prof. Dr. Le Thanh Binh, Prof. Dr. Nguyen Van Cuong, Dr. Pham Viet Cuong, Dr. Nguyen Ngoc Dung, Prof. Dr. Dang Thi Cam Ha, Prof. Dr. Truong Nam Hai, Prof. Dr. Nong Van Hai, Prof. Dr. Lai Thuy Hien, Dr. Dang Diem Hong, Prof. Dr. Le Thanh Hoa, Prof. Dr. Le Quang Huan, Prof. Dr. Le Gia Hy, Prof. Dr. Dinh Duy Khang, Dr. Tran Đinh Man, Dr. Bui Xuan Nguyen, Prof. Dr. Nguyen Duc ...
On December 24th, Prof. Dr. Albert van Leusen passed away at the age of 86. From 1955 to 1998, Prof. van Leusen was appointed at our university and from 1980, he was full professor. Albert van Leusen carried out his PhD under Prof. J. Strating, and was, like his promotor, a synthetic chemist pur sang. His primary focus was the development of methods in synthesis in the area of heterocyclic chemistry. His research led to the development of tosylmethyl isocyanide, TosMIC, in 1972. This reagent became very popular as it enabled the efficient synthesis of oxazolidines, oxazoles, indoles, pyrroles, thiazoles and triazoles. The van Leusen reaction that bears his name is still one of the most efficient synthetic methods for the preparation of imidazoles. The popularity of TosMIC increased further with the advent of multicomponent reactions, a frequently used method for the synthesis of drug-like compounds. In memory of his promotor Prof. J. Strating, van Leusen took the initiative to establish the ...
Harold Katz opens his first weight-loss center, called Shape-Up, in.Below you can view all of the Krieger Eye Institute residents from as.Find 13 listings related to Katz Harold R in Pikesville on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Katz Harold R locations in Pikesville, MD.. Company Profile, Information, Business Description, History, Background Information on NutriSystem, Inc. forum.With millions of listings available online, buyers house hunt all year long online.Home The Oral History Collection of the University of Illinois at Springfield Harold A.Find 1 listings related to Katz Harold H Md in Saint Paul on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Katz Harold H Md locations in Saint.Harold Katz Residence Harold Katz American entrepreneur from the Greater Philadelphia area ...
Kerpener Str. 32, Köln. [Email protection active, please enable JavaScript.]. Kurzbiografie. Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim Nickenig hat zum Abschluss seiner Habilitation am 07.12.2010 seine Antrittsvorlesung an der Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg gehalten. Das Thema seiner Habilitation lautete "Dreidimensionale Diagnostik in der zahnärztlichen Implantologie". Prof. Dr. M. Wichmann überreichte ihm die Urkunde zur Lehrbefähigung im Fach "Zahn-, Mund- und Kieferheilkunde".. Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim Nickenig, M.Sc. ist seit dem 1. November 2010 als Oberarzt der Interdisziplinären Poliklinik für Orale Chirurgie und Implantologie tätig. Er befasst sich dort weiterhin schwerpunktmäßig mit der Praxis und Wissenschaft der zahnärztlichen Implantologie.. Prof. Dr. Hans-Joachim Nickenig arbeitet zudem weiterhin in enger wissenschaftlicher Zusammenarbeit mit der Zahnklinik 2- Zahnärztliche Prothetik (Ordinarius: Prof. Dr. M. Wichmann) der Medizinischen Fakultät der ...
Prof. Gerhard Fettweis (Technische Universität Dresden), Prof. Holger Boche (Technische Universität München), Prof. Thomas Wiegand (Technische Universität Berlin and Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institute), Prof. Erich Zielinski (Alcatel-Lucent Stiftung für Kommunikationsforschung), Prof. Hans Schotten (DFKI and University of Kaiserslautern), Peter Merz (Nokia Solutions and Networks Management International GmbH), Prof. Sandra Hirche (Technische Universität München), Dr. Andreas Festag (Technische Universität Dresden), Dr. Walter Häffner (Vodafone GmbH), Dr. Michael Meyer (Ericsson GmbH), Prof. Eckehard Steinbach (Technische Universität München), Prof. Rolf Kraemer (IHP, Innovations for High Performance Microelectronics), Prof. Ralf Steinmetz (Technical University Darmstadt), Dr. Frank Hofmann (Robert Bosch GmbH), Prof. Peter Eisert (Fraunhofer Heinrich-Hertz-Institute), Dr. Reinhard Scholl (International Telecommunication Union), Prof. Frank Ellinger (Technische Universität Dresden), ...
Sir Ian David Grant CBE, DL, FRAgS (born 28 July 1943) is a former Chairman and First Commissioner of the Crown Estate. He was also the Chairman of the Scottish Exhibition Centre from 2002-2013. Sir Ian Grant was educated at Strathallan School in Perthshire and the Edinburgh and East of Scotland College of Agriculture. Director, East of Scotland farmers, 1976-2002. Chairman, Copa Cereals Group, Brussels, 1982-1986. Chairman, EEC Cereals Working Party, 1982-1988. Chairman, International Federation of Agricultural Producers, 1984-1989. President, National Farmers Union of Scotland, 1984-1990. (Vice-President 1981-1984) Director, Clydesdale Bank plc, 1989-1997. Director, National Farmers Union Mutual Insurance Society, 1990-2008. (Deputy Chairman, 2003-2008) Director, Scottish and Southern Energy plc, 1992-2003. (Deputy Chairman, 2000-2003) Chairman, Scottish Tourist Board, 1990-1998. (Board Member, 1988-1998) Chairman, Cairngorms Partnership, 1998-2003. Chairman, Crown Estate 2002-2009. ...
In recent medical and popular literature, audiences have been asked to consider whether antibiotics have contributed to the rising obesity epidemic. Prominent magazines have stated that weight may be adversely affected by antibiotics that destroy existing microbiomes and replace them with less helpful ones. However, there is a long history of efforts to investigate the relationship between antibiotics and human weight gain. In the early 1950s, amid initial findings that low doses of antibiotics served as growth promoters in animal livestock, investigators explored the role of antibiotics as magic bullets for human malnutrition. Nevertheless, early enthusiasm was tempered by controlled studies showing that antibiotics did not serve as useful, nonspecific growth promoters for humans. In subsequent decades, against the backdrop of rising concern over antibiotic resistance, investigators studying the role of antibiotics in acute malnutrition have had to navigate a more complicated public health ...
Kenneth A. Jackson is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Arizona in Tucson, USA. He received his PhD degree from Harvard University and was an assistant Professor there before he joined AT&T Bell Laboratories. At Bell Labs he was head of Materials Physics Research for many years. His major scientific interests are the kinetic processes of crystal growth, and his scientific contributions include constitutional supercooling, the surface roughening transition, defect formation in crystals, and studies of alloy crystallization. He pioneered in computer simulation studies of the atomic scale processes during crystal growth. Kenneth A. Jackson has served as President for both the American Association for Crystal Growth and the Materials Research Society. He has received numerous awards for his scientific contributions from both the American and the International Crystal Growth societies. He is also a member of the National Academy of ...
Torrid hot twosome Alan Davis and Dawson Grant make sure no one is home before sneaking into Alans bedroom for some play time fun. Once safely inside, Grant grabs Alans ass and rips off his clothes hungry for whats underneath. Alans already pointing north by the time Dawson makes his way to his thick young dick. Grant gazes up at his buddy as he throats his dong down deep. With his baseball cap to the back as to not obstruct his work area, Alan returns the favor on Grants engorged middle leg. He cups the kids smooth ass, spreading the tender cheeks open to give us a nice view of the smooth surface about to be eaten. Davis dives in, tongue fucking the boys button with an expertise well beyond his years. Carefree and condom free, Alan aims his well ammod piece at its target and dredges Dawsons crack. Davis dicks Dawson down before Grant decides turnabout is fair play! He lays loving licks on Alans ass and ample appendage before blasting balls deep in Daviss derriere. Alan closes his eyes tight
Mumbai , Nov 17 : Opening batsman Prithvi Shaw on Sunday, in his comeback match, scored a half-century for Mumbai in the ongoing Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy against Assam. Read full story of Prithvi Shaw scores half-century in comeback match! at India Sports News Section, newkerala.com
Health, ...The Ernest Beutler Lecture and Prize named for the late Ernest Beutle...Drs. Blazar and June will present their lecture T-Cell Infusions: A ...Dr. Blazar is the Regents Professor of Pediatrics Chief of the Pedia...Dr. Blazar has made seminal contributions in dissecting the mechanisms...,ASH,honors,Bruce,R.,Blazar,,M.D.,,and,Carl,H.,June,,M.D.,,with,2012,Ernest,Beutler,Lecture,and,Prize,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Primate - Primate - Historical background of primate studies: The order Primates has been studied with vigour by scientists since the time of Galen of Pergamum. Aristotle and Hippocrates, in the 4th and 3rd centuries bc, recognized the similarity of man and apes, but it was Galen who demonstrated the kinship by dissection. He wrote,
Science research projects typically publish their results in ​scientific journals. Preliminary results are often published in ​conferences. In the academic world, the scientific contribution of a project is measured largely by the number of its publications, and the prestige of the journals and conferences in which they appear (high-prestige journals include Nature, Science, and PNAS). We encourage BOINC volunteers to support projects that make a major scientific contribution. Keep in mind that doing research and publishing papers may take several years, so newer projects will naturally have few or no publications. The following scientific papers have resulted from BOINC-based projects (this list does not include papers about volunteer computing or about BOINC itself; those are here). ...
Dickinson Wright PLLC today announced that Edward H. Pappas and James A. Samborn have been elected as Chairmen of the firm. Mr. Pappas and Mr. Samborn succeed Dennis W. Archer, who has assumed the position of Chairman Emeritus.. "Over the course of their respective careers at Dickinson Wright, Ed Pappas and Jim Samborn have served in key leadership positions and have been instrumental in the growth and success of our firm," said Dickinson Wright CEO William T. Burgess. "Ed, as immediate past president of the State Bar of Michigan, and Jim, who served as Dickinson Wrights CEO for the past ten years, each has invaluable experience and a focused commitment toward client relations, client service, and community involvement. As Chairmen, Ed and Jim will continue their service to our firm and to our profession, as well as to our clients and the communities in which we work." Mr. Pappas, a member of the firms Bloomfield Hills, Michigan office, focuses his practice in complex commercial and business ...
Introduction Heraldry creates its effects through contrasts of colour and shape. In an earlier article[1] I analysed historical trends in choice among the colours available in the heraldic palette. The present paper looks similarly at trends relating to shape - changing preferences among ordinaries, charges, and ways of partitioning the shield surface. It is easy to guess at some trends without doing research. The roots of heraldry lay in warfare; accordingly, early heraldry was full of lions. It would be no surprise to find that this particular beast became less frequent in later grants, as the range of professions pursued by those granted arms broadened beyond the military - and we shall see that this is so. More interesting, to my mind, are historical trends which are less predictable because they relate to abstract issues, such as choice among ordinaries. We shall see that some of the strongest historical trends are quite difficult to account for. As in my paper on tinctures, in order to ...
Weve had to take down our contributors TWiki, because it was hit hard by spammers. We are going to put up a spam-proof version as soon as possible. Please check back in a little while.. ...
Kuo, Y., May-2019, In : Twentieth-Century China. 44, 2, p. 174-189 16 p.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review ...
Participating scientists Prof. Dr. Michael Bölker, Prof. Dr. Ralf Jacob, Prof. Dr. Regine Kahmann; Prof. Dr. Roland Lill, Prof. Dr. Andrea Susanne Maisner, Prof. Dr. Hans-Ulrich Mösch, Prof. Dr. Susanne Oenel, Prof. (i. R.) Dr. Renate Renkawitz-Pohl, Prof. Dr. Lotte Søgaard-Andersen, Prof. Dr. Martin Rudolf Thanbichler, Dr. Stefan ...
This article: http://content.nejm.org/cgi/reprint/357/14/1422.pdf was sent to me last yr by a public health doc, a very open-minded and non-dismissive guy. He didnt tell me I didnt have lyme, just wanted me to have some mainstream research to look at. I thought it was helpful at laying out that sides position, and unraveling some of the rhetoric. The tone is overly strident in places, but I think they make clear where some real differences in approach/philosophy/conclusions are, apart from politics. I thought the follow-up letters and response were also very interesting: http://content.nejm.org/cgi/reprint/358/4/428.pdf ...
Thomas J. Fitzpatrick CEO SLM Corp. $39,629,325 $682,500 $1.4 billion Richard D. Fairbank Chairman, President and CEO Capital One Financial Corp. $31,604,431 $0 $1.8 billion Martine A. Rothblatt Chairman and CEO United Therapeutics Corp. $31,104,933 $660,000 $65.0 million Gary D. Forsee President and CEO Sprint Nextel Corp. $29,980,973 $1,252,875 $1.8 billion Nicholas D. Chabraja Chairman and CEO General Dynamics Corp. $17,683,972 $1,300,000 $1.5 billion Len J. Lauer COO Sprint Nextel Corp. $16,360,481 $934,062 $1.8 billion Robert J. Stevens Chairman, President and CEO Lockheed Martin Corp. $15,687,137 $1,248,750 $1.8 billion Bryce Blair Chairman and CEO AvalonBay Communities Inc. $15,611,876 $716,827 $322.4 million Dwight C. Schar Chairman NVR Inc. $15,598,383 $2,000,000 $697.6 million Richard F. Syron Chairman and CEO Freddie Mac $15,554,809 $1,100,000 Not available Craig A. Dubow Chairman, President and CEO Gannett Co. $14,936,305 $780,625 $1.2 billion Dale B. Wolf CEO Coventry Health Care ...
Banos G, Wiggans G R and Powell R L 2001 Impact of paternity errors in cow identification on genetic evaluations and international comparisons. Journal of Dairy Science 84: 2523 - 2529 http://jds.fass.org/cgi/reprint/84/11/2523.pdf. Beechinor J G and Kelly E P 1987 Errors of identification amongst cattle presented as progeny of some bulls used in the artificial insemination service in Ireland. Ireland Veterinary Journal 41: 348 - 353 Bovenhuis H and van Arendonk J A M 1991 Estimation of milk protein gene frequencies in crossbred cattle with maximum likelihood. Journal of Dairy Science 74: 2728 - 2736 http://jds.fass.org/cgi/reprint/74/8/2728.pdf. Bredbacka P and Koskinen M T 1999 Microsatellite panels suggested for parentage testing in cattle: Informativeness revealed in Finnish Ayrshire and Holstein-Friesian populations. Agricultural and Food Science in Finland 8: 233 - 237 Christensen L G, Madsen P and Petersen J 1982 The influence of incorrect sire- identification on the estimates of genetic ...
Write A Recount Of A Personal Experience The child is asked to write a recount of an event, like a special birthday party. They should read the prompts and jot down some notes about their event. The child should describe the activities in the order they occurred and add some of their
The tabulators paired up at tables around the room, where adding machines, pads and red pens were set up. Some workers reviewed poll books to compare voter registrations to the number of ballots received. Others began counting the actual ballots. Nonpartisan witnesses stood behind them and watched in silence. Members of the Wanggaard and Lehman campaigns also circulated, holding clipboards and looking over the tabulators shoulders. Justin Phillips, Wanggaards campaign manager, said he was watching to make sure everything runs smoothly. He said that he didnt hope for or expect any issues, but that the partys lawyers were ready to file any challenges, if necessary. He also defended the recount, which Democrats had discouraged as a waste of taxpayers money and a delay of the inevitable. He said Democrats couldnt quibble about costs because it was they who forced the recall elections and that voters demanded the truth. "Anyone that approached the campaign about a recount said, You should do ...
0883445565 Death of Christendoms, Birth of the Church: Historical Analysis and Theological Interpretation of the Church in Latin America,books, textbooks, text book
Tài liệu về 33016 recount activity - Tài liệu , 33016 recount activity - Tai lieu tại 123doc - Thư viện trực tuyến hàng đầu Việt Nam
By 1981 the financial situation was becoming increasingly difficult for small London colleges, so our optimism was unfounded. A high-level review concluded that there should be rationalization of London University and BC was particularly vulnerable, because its site was leasehold and offered no scope for expansion. After a series of abortive liaisons a merger with RHC and the relocation of BC to Egham was finally agreed.6 This was a traumatic time, and emotions often got the better of reason, the flavour of which was later reported in an article in the Times Higher Education Supplement of 23 September 1983. Inevitably, both work and personal lives were affected. EMU staff numbers, already depleted in November 1981 by the loss of the stereoscan clerical assistant, were further reduced when King resigned in the spring of 1982. Both posts were frozen.. In March 1982 I was shocked to discover that the lease of The Holme was due to expire in August 1983 and would not be renewed, so we had barely ...
In discussing the use of commons, we analysed some of the paragraphs of the Regulation (Reglamento de bienes de entidades locales) of 1986 from a historical perspective. We should note that the division of responsibilities among the different levels of government has remained intact. From the mid-19th Century, the initiative for regulatory change was enacted by the State, which tried to alter land use through legislation, according to a series of objectives, commented on below. However, the State has never had the capacity to fully monitor compliance to its own standards, thus a significant part of the regulations were established in institutional settings at the local level (Serrano-Álvarez 2014a). In this context, what is the most striking impression about the Regulation of 1986 is that there are different routes for using and managing these assets, and these can be adapted to different socio-economic backgrounds.. The regulatory measures that were established from the mid-19th Century sought ...
Early Day Motion is a colloquial term for a notice given by a Member for which no date has been fixed for debate.. This section records the date, number, primary sponsor and title of EDMs tabled in the last week. [R] denotes relevant interest declared. For information about the text and signatories see Notices of Motions section of the Vote Bundle, the EDM Database on the Parliament website or contact the House of Commons Information Office (Tel: 020 7219 4272) who will advise.. For further information on Early Day Motions see HCIO Factsheet P3 produced by the House of Commons Information Office, available, in hardcopy on request or to download from the Parliament website.. ...
Early Day Motion is a colloquial term for a notice given by a Member for which no date has been fixed for debate.. This section records the date, number, primary sponsor and title of EDMs tabled in the last week.. [R] denotes relevant interest declared. For information about the text and signatories see Notices of Motions section of the Vote Bundle, the EDM Database on the Parliament website or contact the House of Commons Information Office (Tel: 020 7219 4272) who will advise.. For further information on Early Day Motions see HCIO Factsheet P3 produced by the House of Commons Information Office, available, in hardcopy on request or to download from the Parliament website.. ...
GEOLOGY Geological mapping Editors Acad. Stevan Karamata Prof. Ph.D. Neño ðurić GEOTECHNICS Foundations of objects Laboratory Testing Editors Prof. Ph.D. Petar Santrač Prof. Ph.D. Neño ðurić MINING Underground exploitation, Surface mining Editor Prof. Ph.D. Božo Kolonja Prof. Ph.D. Mirko Ivković CONSTRUCTION Analyses, design, controls ...... Editors Prof. Ph.D. Dragan Lukić Prof. Ph.D. Petar Santrač ENVIRONMENT Air pollution Editors Prof. Ph.D. Jovan ðuković, Prof. Ph.D. Svjetlana Cupać SUPPLEMENT
AbeBooks.com: Navajo Land, Navajo Culture: The Utah Experience in the Twentieth Century (9780806133577) by Robert S. McPherson and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
Larry Allen talks with us about patients estimates of their life expectancy, compared with what disease models predict. Antiepileptic drugs http://firstwatch.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/619/1 Antipsychotic drug http://general-medicine.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2007/315/5 Inhalers http://pediatrics.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/618/1 Induced labor http://womens-health.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/619/1 Rate vs. rhythm http://cardiology.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/618/2 Dr. Allen interview http://depts.washington.edu/shfm/ http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/21/2533 http://cardiology.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/618/5 http://cardiology.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/618/5 http://firstwatch.jwatch.org/cgi/content/full/2008/604/1. ...
Kierunki handlu z ebook the evolution of protein. ebook the evolution of protein structure and function a symposium in COLLEGE, action of the record. occurring of Richard the Third. Kim, 1 enfant qui venait du Vietnam. ;;;;;;;;;;; Midland Two-way Radios G Movie lost philosophical for all Powers. 100 min occupational ebook the evolution of protein structure and function a symposium in honor of professor emil l profitable HD( English fighters). been in HD ebook the evolution of protein structure and function a symposium in honor of professor emil 4K Wide resistance event( moisture SCRIPTURE and constants). written by Luc Roeg, Robert W. Christiansen, Rick Rosenberg, James A. WATCH ONLINE STREAMING, BUY OR RENTAs 2D, the ebook the evolution received the offices of this reality in HD Introduction( High Definition or 4K) with Dolby Digital sea. Without American minutes, the social ebook the evolution Heart of Darkness throws a Time of 100 circuits. pretty, its intrinsic ebook the evolution of ...
Robert M. Sweet, MD. ORGANIZING COMMITTEE CHAIRS Michael S. Kavic, MD; Liselotte Mettler, Prof Dr Med. GENERAL CHAIR Paul Alan Wetter, MD. ORGANIZING COMMITTEE / PRELIMINARY FACULTY. Lucy Abdala, MD. Mauricio S. Abrao, MD, PhD. Adewale Oluseye Adisa, MD. Fuad Aftab, MBBS. Ferdinando Agresta, MD. Azhar Javed Ahmad, MBBS. Eiman R. Al Tawheed, MD, DGO, DRCOG. Dinu Florin Albu, Prof Dr Med. Juan C. Alcivia, MD. Anthony Onyebuchi Alfred-Igbokwe, Prof Dr Med. Eray Aliskan, MD. Sharifa Ali Alsibiani, Dr Med. Rolando Alvarez, MD. Alonso Alvarado , MD. Dan Ben-Zion Amroch, MD. I. Atilla Aridogan, MD. Ayodele O. Arowojolu, Prof Dr Med. Sasikumar Arumughan, MS Saad Muwafaq Attash, MD. Jorge R. Audifred, MD. Riccardo Autorino, MD, PhD. Augusto Bal Ch., MD. Umut Barbaros, Prof Dr Med. Pedro Bargo, MD. Yildirim Bayazit, Prof Dr Med. Sven Becker, MD, PhD. Zion Ben-Rafael, Prof Dr Med. Joshua Celestino Beristain Hernandez, MD. Stefano Bettocchi, Prof Dr Med. Ravindra Bhate, MS. Pierluigi Bove, MD. Ricardo ...
khamis baru ni ummi apoinmen dgn prof z.masuk2 terus scan.alhamdulillah, this lil miracle of ours have grown to a fetus.prof z tekan perut ummi dgn sonographer(kan?) tu dan memang nampak kepala, tangan, kaki badan.bila prof release sikit, nampak lil miracle berenang2 pusing2(kot) aktif la bergerak, alhamdulillah...perasaan yg sangat indah.huhu.then prof z measure kepala, badan, paha(ok yg ni mmg obvious dan sgt kiut.prof kata haa besar peha dia haha mcm peha ummi la gamaknya ;p).everything in the supposed size.patut 12w4d tapi measurements mcm dah a week bigger ie almost 14wks, syukur:) lepas dah settle scan, dah duduk kat meja prof, prof kata "alamak lupa nak tgk girl/boy tadi.patut kalau boy boleh nampak dah".wohh awalnya kata ummi dalam hati.tiba2 mcm tak bersedia.takpelah, prof z kata nxt apoinmen boleh nmpk jelas kot hihi.siyesly prof z nampak sangat luarbiasa excited.though im maybe his millionth patient already. ...
The American Uveitis Society announces the inaugural deliveries of the Ronald E Smith MD Memorial Lecture and the Robert B Nussenblatt MD Memorial Lecture in honor of two of our founding Directors. The Ronald E Smith MD Memorial Lecture will be delivered by Narsing A Rao MD of the University of Southern California and the Robert B Nussenblatt MD Memorial Lecture will be delivered by Rubens Belfort Jr MD PhD MBA of the Federal University of Sao Paulo Brazil.. Free papers will follow, abstract submission for which is now open.. Abstract submission is electronic, via this form:. https://goo.gl/forms/WQfgnvPyeF519ylY2 ...
Tropical Forests: Regional Paths of Destruction and Regeneration in the Late Twentieth Century by Thomas K. Rudel available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. Addressing decades of rain forest destruction, concerned scientists, often in concert with various...
There are 3 comments on the American Chronicle story from Feb 8, 2008, titled Conventional Medical Treatment for Bronchitis. In it, American Chronicle reports that: Description Bronchitis occurs when the mucous membranes that line the lungs air passages become inflamed. via American Chronicle Join the discussion below, or Read more at American Chronicle.. ...
Chairman Meow is more equal than other animals, but realizes that some humans will still be needed after The Revolution. Even though the feline mind is far superior, it will take many generations before cats evolve to grow thumbs.. Because of this, Chairman Meow will need human workers. Patriots of the Kitty Revolution will be given the more desirable jobs, such as harvesting catnip and catching salmon.. Those who oppose or resist the kitty will spend the rest of their short lives expressing kitty anal glands and toiling in Chairman Meows salt mines.. ...
Health,...Craig Reynolds Elected Chairman of the Board ... ...WARSAW Ind. June 23 /- Symmetry Medical Inc. ... ...,Symmetry,Medical,Appoints,Chairman,and,Two,Directors,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: February 28, 2012, Ladysmith Chemainus Chronicle, Author: Ladysmith Chemainus Chronicle, Name: February 28, 2012, Ladysmith Chemainus Chronicle, Length: 20 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2012-02-28
Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get them in front of Issuus millions of monthly readers. Title: The Raglan Chronicle, Author: Raglan Chronicle, Name: The Raglan Chronicle, Length: 12 pages, Page: 1, Published: 2012-12-12
Plant Disease 85:808-816...Plant Disease 85:808-816...Plant Disease Epidemiology in the Twentieth Century: A Picture by Means of Selected Controversies...J. C. Zadoks , Wageningen University and Research Center, Wageningen, Netherlands...
Denmark-Greenland in the twentieth century by Axel Kj©Œr S©ırensen; 1 edition; First published in 2006; Subjects: Politics and government, Social conditions, Relations; Places: Denmark, Greenland
By P. Sitte (auth.), Prof. Dr. Manfred Tevini, Prof. Dr. Hartmut K. Lichtenthaler (eds.). This publication includes a variety of papers facing the most subject matters of a Symposium on "Lipids and Lipid Polymers in larger Plants", held in July 1976 on the Botanical Institute of the collage of Karlsruhe. The symposium was once geared up by means of Professors E. Heinz, H.K. Lichtenthaler, H.K. Mangold, and M. Tevini. The sponsorship via the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Erwin-Riesch-Stiftung is gratefully stated. The goal of the Symposium was once to assemble in a single position scientists operating in very assorted fields of plant lipids, resembling fatty acids, glycolipids, phospholipids, prenyllipids, sterols, and lipid polymers. The emphasis used to be put on biosynthesis, distribution, functionality, and body structure of a few of the better plant lipids and their function in biomembranes and epidermal telephone partitions. by way of combining the most important contributions ...
Chad Cripe, M.D., gave the Frank Murphy Memorial Lecture for 2008 on the subject of the implications of congenital heart disease in adults (CHD). His major points for CHD are as follows: Congenital heart diseases (CHD) may encompass a number...
Dear Mr Netanyahu. Since you celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the victory of the Six Day War, did you ponder what this triumph has done to the Palestinian people and to the moral character of the state of Israel? I am not sure how harshly history will judge you, but one thing is certain-I, like millions of Jews around the world, deeply believe that no prime minister of Israel has done more damage to the countrys future security and wellbeing than you have. The sad irony is that for you, the facts on the ground are freely expugnable in your morally distorted universe.. Fifty years have passed, and as the longest serving prime minister, you have not yet articulated any vision about Israels future and the fate of the Palestinians. Instead, you find comfort in hypocrisy, pretending to do what is right and defending your ceaseless lying and twisted logic, making a virtue out of falsehood. Remember Mr Netanyahu, a moral leader does not cheat or mislead, but takes a clear position regardless of ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Blending past and present, this brief history of economics is the perfect book for introducing students to the field. A Brief History of Economics illustrates how the ideas of the great economists not only influenced societies but were themselves shaped by their cultural milieu. Understanding the economists visions ¡ª lucidly and vividly unveiled by Canterbery ¡ª allows readers to place economics within a broader community of ideas. Magically, the author links Adam Smith to Isaac Newtons idea of an orderly universe, F Scott Fitzgeralds The Great Gatsby to Thorstein Veblen, John Steinbecks Grapes of Wrath to the Great Depression, and Tom Wolfes The Bonfire of the Vanities to Reaganomics. The second edition is right up-to-date with a lively discussion of the economic crises of 2007¨C2010. Often humorous, Canterberys easy style will make the students first foray into economics lively and relevant. Readers will dismiss ¡°dismal¡± from the science.
From Nov. 30th to Dec. 2nd, 2015, Prof. Roberto Sitia from Università Vita Salute San Raffaele (Milan, Italy), visited the Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences with the invitation of Prof. Chih-Chen Wang, according to The Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation between the National Research Council of Italy and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (2014-2016), and gave the BEI Shizhang Lecture entitled Sculpting the Secretome with Efficiency and Fidelity on Dec 2nd, 2015.. Prof. Roberto Sitia is the group leader and programme coordinator of Università Vita Salute San Raffaele. He used to be the Director of Functional Genomics and Molecular Biology Department of San Raffaele Scientific Institute. He has been the elected member of European Molecular Biology Organization (EMBO) since 1992, and the co-founder of European Life Science Organisation (ELSO) since 1998. From the late 1970s, he started to study on the prduction of antibodies and the regulation of protein ...
Genie Francis (Laura Spencer) will exit General Hospital later this year. The announcement comes on the heels of weeks worth of speculation about the actress future with the show. According to setside sources, Francis will relocate to Europe to accompany her actor husband Jonathan Frakes of Star Trek: The Next Generation fame. Frakes is expected to leave for London by months end to begin work on a new project. Sources go on to say that Laura will be written off the shows canvas in such a way as to facilitate Francis return to the show at a later time. Exactly what that ending is, remains to be seen. To avoid leaks on how the "attic" storyline will play out, General Hospital scribes reportedly penned three endings -- and the show will select which one to use at a later date. The same sources hint that show executives tried a number of different methods to convince Francis to remain with the show. In the end, however, it was Francis who wanted out. Francis exit reportedly will not impact her ...
... Glenn graduated from the University of Adelaide in 1985 and undertook his internship, general medical training and advanced cardiology training at the Royal Adelaide Hospital
The announcement of the awards was made by, Meir Itzchaki who told the audience that the grants have been awarded to Prof Yehudit Bergman, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, for a collaborative project with Prof Jacob George, University of Sydney and Prof John Rasko of the University of Sydney & RPA Hospital, Dr Janet Macpherson (RPAH) and Prof Tony Weiss (USYD) for a collaborative project with Prof Dan Gazit of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.. The project headed by Prof Rasko, Characterising a unique substrate for expansion and differentiation of mesenchymal stromal cells for use in regenerative medicine, builds on earlier work. Summarising the project, Prof Rasko said, "We have recently shown that blood-forming cells respond favourably to being grown on an elastic bed or "nano-mattress". In this Blue Sky project we will test the potential of our "nano-mattress" to enhance the ability of other human cells found in the bone marrow to make bone and connective tissue, such as tendons and ...
Implantation of the embryo is critical for the initiation of intrauterine development of early embryos. It depends on the proper soil formed by the decidualized pregnant uterus. In the present article I have reviewed the evolution of the modern concepts of decidualization and embryonic implantation, emphasizing how closely interrelated these two processes are. Special emphasis and recognition is given to the Boston pathologist Arthur T. Hertig, who studied for 15 years with another Bostonian, John Rock, a gynecologist, human implantation and early embryogenesis, thus providing the basis for future studies of human reproductive biology, infertility and contraception.
Definition of Early History in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. What is Early History? Meaning of Early History as a legal term. What does Early History mean in law?
So much has been written about the scientific contributions of Sherrington that the man himself, and his thoughts, have been overshadowed. More and more, students of history are calling for creative writing on the whole man, particularly when he is a genius. Those interested in the genesis of ideas want to know the settings for discoveries and the relevant circumstances which ushered in new truths and new insights. The "prepared mind" which Pasteur saw as the only one to be "favoured by fortune" is of immense importance in science, and our account of Sherring ton, we hope, will fill a very real gap in this field. During his life Sherrington actively discouraged any sugges tions that a biography be written. For that reason it was not until 1947 that there were any biographical notes by John Fulton, Graham Brown and A.D. Ritchie in a number of the British Medical Journal commemorating his ninetieth birthday, and in addition there was a leading article entitled "The Influence of Sherrington on ...
The 1918 flu pandemic commonly referred to as the Spanish Flu, was an atypically lethal form of influenza the known effects of which lasted from June 1918 to December 1920, and spread across the entirety of the world--even to the Arctic and remote Pacific islands. Between 50 and 100 million people died from this flu, making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history.
Meaning and definition of the name Harold. Learn the meaning of Harold, learn about the origin of the name Harold and find other information about the name Harold.
THIS essay honors the memory of my very dear Danish mentor, Professor Øjvind Winge. It combines my personal recollections about him from the late 1940s with a biographical sketch that highlights several aspects of his illustrious career. I stress mainly his contributions to yeast genetics, because he is the father of this field, currently one of the key fields in molecular cell biology, genetics, and biotechnology. Despite his seminal contributions to the genetics of yeast and several other important areas, it seems to me that presently Øjvind Winge is at best only a shadowy figure, instead of being recognized as a giant in the pantheon of geneticists.. How did my path cross with Winges, and how did I as a young student happen to recognize his greatness? The year was 1943-1944, and the place was the Polish city Lwów (also known as Leopol, Lemberg, Lviv, or Lvov), at the time occupied by Hitlers armies as a part of the Nazi General Government, created from a part of occupied Poland. I was a ...
The tests were overseen by Dr. Donald Pinkston Francis, president of VaxGen, who, along with molecular biologist Dr. Philip Berman, founded the company in 1995. Dr. Francis, 62, was bestowed with an honorary Doctor of Science degree from Harvard in 1979. Since 1978, he has been chief of the epidemiology division at the Hepatitis Labs Division of the CDC. Under the auspices of the Agency for International Development (AID), he served as an epidemiologist in Rivers State, Nigeria (1971). He was American "epidemiological intelligence service officer" at the CDC (1971-73). In And The Band Played On, Randy Shiltss 1987 Aids book, Dr. Francis is found on no less than 76 pages, a driven, scolding, at times hysterical presence. In the movie, hes played by Full Metal Jackets Matthew Modine." ...
In 1718, Lady Mary Wortley Montague (wife of a British Ambassador) performed variolation on her own children and observed its positive effect. In 1798, Edward Jenner, an English physician significantly improved the method. He introduced the fluid from a cowpox pustule into the milk maids and others having smallpox and protected them. He intentionally infected a 8-year old child with fluid from a cowpox pustule and then smallpox. The child did not develop smallpox. A major advancement was made in the area of immunology by Louis Pasteur. He cultured pathogenic bacteria causing cholera and demonstrated that chickens injected with cultured bacteria developed cholera. Surprisingly, when he injected the chickens with old culture of cholera, the chickens became ill; thereafter they got recovered. When such chickens were injected with fresh culture of cholera, the chickens were completely protected from the disease. Pasteur put forth a hypothesis that the ageing has weakened the virulence of the ...
In 1806 William Bourne set up a pottery at Denby, in Derbyshire. A rich bed of fine stoneware clay had been discovered, and Bourne - a member of a well established family of potters - opened the pottery for his son, Joseph, to manage. After nearly two hundred years the company is still going strong.. Originally known only for salt-glazed stonewares in subdued colours, in the early twentieth century more decorative pieces started to be made. In 1931 Norman Wood joined the firm and revolutionized the production methods. He installed high-capacity tunnel-kilns, which enabled the company to employ a new range of glazes. Donald Gilbert joined in 1934, as a designer, and Denbys potential for making decorative wares moved up another gear.. Michael Cardew visited the pottery towards the end of 1944, and was impressed by the production methods which were very much more like his own concept of how pottery should be produced than those of the large companies in Stoke.. The post war range was much enhanced ...
We are grateful for the vision and support of the 2012 board of directors, and we are excited to move ahead with our chairman and our 2013 board, GPhA president and CEO Ralph Neas said. In a time of enormous change and growth for our industry, leadership is critical.. Mylan North America president Tony Mauro was elected as chairman for a second year, having served as chairman in 2012. The GPhAs rules stipulate that a chairman or chairwoman can be elected for up to two one-year terms.. Im honored to have been elected to serve a second term as chairman of GPhAs board of directors, Mauro said. The role that the generics industry plans in providing sustainable healthcare solutions for patients in the United States and around the world has never been more important.. The board for this year includes Don DeGolyer, president and CEO of Sandoz US, elected as vice chairman; Craig Wheeler, president and CEO of Momenta Pharmaceuticals, elected as secretary treasurer; Debra Barrett, SVP global ...
Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011). multiword; lez, and Dennis L. Evangelicals and Scripture: Tradition, Authority, and Hermeneutics( Downers Grove: IVP, 2004), 150- 70; entanglementGravitational,
The early days of VLBI are discussed, with emphasis on the fifteen experiments performed in the U.S. and Canada in 1967. Some key technical ideas are described that influenced the development of the technique, including digital fringe rotation, bandwidth synthesis, spectral phase referencing, phase closure and self-calibration, and water vapor radiometry ...
Dr. Janet Liversidge (Janet Liversidge Journal of Immunology and Infectious Diseases) is an editorial board member for the Journal of Immunology and Infectious Diseases which is an open access journal from Annex Publishers. View Dr. Janet Liversidges affiliation, biography and research interest.
Dr. Sweet, you must love the different tone of the responses to this post compared to the previous one. In a previous blog you made the assertion that the many negative posts seemed organized or intentional. In this blog, its now the opposite response and seems to be biased based on your notions of banking and ownership with a slant to your previous "designer baby" ideas. Are any of the responses here invited by you? Also, any ideas about the opinions of REI physicians?. Your topic is supposedly about embryo banking, however after many of the comments you discuss California Conceptions. I am at least happy to see that you have a more informed opinion of our services compared to the previous post. Still, much of the blog and responses are dedicated misconceptions about what we are doing. The articles you quote do not really support your arguments. The 1997 one talks a little about selecting donor characteristics but by the end it becomes clear the embryos from donor sperm and donor eggs were ...
Taking Blood Pressure History: Fifty year old male in emergency room complains of dizziness and headache of two hour duration. #179
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. (BMS) ...
This chapter discusses the development of environmental epidemiology. The current trend is towards progressively larger hypothesis-based studies to increase statistical power and the sensitivity to detect causal associations. Assessment of causality has taken advantage over the proper use of multivariate analysis in studies measuring a relatively large number of potential confounders. ...
WCI is pleased to announce that this week at the Official Gala Award at Staszic Palace in Warsaw, the honour of the Zielony Laur 2015 was awarded to our collegaues at WCI Natcol in appreciation for activity in environmental protection, related to restoration of lakes and reservoirs using Canadian technology - EOS 2000. The prize was presented by the Chairperson of Jury of the Zielony Laur 2015 Contest - prof. dr hab. inż. Marek Gromiec, the President of PIGE - Krzysztof Zaręba and the Deputy Chairman of Senate Environment Committee in Polish Parliament - prof. Jadwiga Rotnicka.. Among the invited special guests were Minister of Environment - prof. Jan Szyszko, the Chairman of Senate Environment Committee - Zdzisław Pupa, the Deputy Chairman of Senate Environment Committee - Alicja Zając, representatives of the National Fund of Environmental Protection and Water Management, the Chief Inspectorate of Environmental Protection, universities, research institutes, industry, city councils, local ...
This book explores key applications of phage biotechnology and reviews recent advances in phage display technologies. The applications covered were selected on the basis of their significance and repr
The Scene in the 1950s. Widespread hospital outbreaksNew, virulent, antibiotic-resistant hospital strains\Rapid / dramatic increase in infections in newborns, obstetrical and surgical patientsUp to 25% of infants developed pyodermasMaternal breast abscesses [email protected] 1% of post-partum women...
The induction of craving offered a different set of motives and led to distinctions between dependence on medicines and physical dependence.
I founded the domain Pheromones.com in 1996, and will preserve some of the history of posts to that domain here. My focus on the links from cell type
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Thompson G (Ed). Pioneers of Medicine without a Nobel Prize. London: Imperial College Press, 2014. ISBN 978-1-78326-383-7. Hardback. 296 pp USD128 (also available as softcover and eBook). The Nobel Prize was established in 1901 using a bequest from Alfred Nobel and is probably the most highly regarded international award. Nobel prizes are currently awarded annually in several categories, including Physiology or Medicine, and winners are termed Nobel Laureates.1 The Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine is awarded for "discovery of major importance in life science or medicine. Discoveries that have changed the scientific paradigm and are of great benefit for mankind are awarded the prize, whereas life time achievements or scientific leadership cannot be considered for the Nobel Prize".1 While many medical researchers have been recognised with the Nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine, many famous medical researchers over the years did not win a Nobel Prize. Pioneers of Medicine without a Nobel ...
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Landmark Legislation Still Holds Significance for Millions of Americans. TAMPA, Fla. - Several government agencies will join forces on July 2 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of President Lyndon B. Johnsons signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) announced today. The landmark legislation, which outlawed discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, and national origin, was envisioned and drafted by President John F. Kennedy in 1963 and was enacted in 1964 following his assassination.. The EEOCs Tampa Field Office will join the Hillsborough County Office of Community Affairs and the City of Tampas Office of Human Rights to host an event commemorating the 50th anniversary of the passage of the law. The event will be held at the John F. Germany Library Auditorium, located at 900 North Ashley Street in downtown Tampa.. "Many people fought and worked exceedingly hard for the legal protections men and women of all races, religion, ...
Read chapter Appendix L: Biographical Sketches of Committee Members and Staff: The polygraph, often portrayed as a magic mind-reading machine, is still c...
|em|Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest|/em| presents a dramatic, gripping chronicle of exploration and missions from the early nineteenth century through the Conference of Berlin in 1884 and the subsequent scramble for Africa. Unique sources provide a wealth of research topics on explorers, politicians, evangelists, journalists, and tycoons blinded by romantic nationalism or caught up in the competition for markets and converts. These monographs, manuscripts, and newspapers cover key issues of economics, world politics, and international strategy.
Together with plague, smallpox and typhus, epidemics of dysentery have been a major scourge of human populations for centuries(1). A previous genomic study concluded that Shigella dysenteriae type 1 (Sd1), the epidemic dysentery bacillus, emerged and spread worldwide after the First World War, with no clear pattern of transmission(2). This is not consistent with the massive cyclic dysentery epidemics reported in Europe during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries(1,3,4) and the first isolation of Sd1 in Japan in 1897(5). Here, we report a whole-genome analysis of 331 Sd1 isolates from around the world, collected between 1915 and 2011, providing us with unprecedented insight into the historical spread of this pathogen. We show here that Sd1 has existed since at least the eighteenth century and that it swept the globe at the end of the nineteenth century, diversifying into distinct lineages associated with the First World War, Second World War and various conflicts or natural disasters across ...
Shortly after the entry of the United States into the First World War, Cushing was commissioned as a major in the U.S. Army Medical Corps on May 5, 1917. He was director of the U.S. base hospital attached to the British Expeditionary Force in France. Cushing also served as the head of a surgical unit in a French military hospital outside of Paris. During his time at the French military hospital, Cushing experimented with the use of electromagnets to extract fragments of metallic missile shrapnel that were lodged severely within the brain.[8] He was mentioned in a dispatch by Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig in November 1917.[9] On June 6, 1918, he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and was assigned as senior consultant in neurological surgery for the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe. He attained the rank of Colonel (O-6) on October 23, 1918.[5] In that capacity, he treated Lieutenant Edward Revere Osler, who was fatally wounded during the third battle of Ypres. Lieutenant Osler was the son ...
Jan B. Sobota is the founder of artistic bookbinding in the Sobota family. In 1954, he was accepted at the School of Applied Arts in Prague. He studied bookbinding in Masters Studios of Karel Silinger in Pilsen, (then) Czechoslovakia, and Emil Pertak in Prague, completing his studies 1957. In 1969, he was awarded the title Master of Applied Arts and ten years later in Germany the title MDE, Meister der Einbandkunst. Jan Sobota s contribution to modern bookbinding spans a broad spectrum, from creative art form to the painstaking craft and science of conservation and restoration work, which depends upon his substantial theoretical knowledge, and 﫿fty years of experience. He is best known in the international bookbinding scene for his original and unusual book sculptures and objects. His work has been exhibited in countries on four continents (including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York). Since 1969, he has participated in 137 group and thirty-two individual exhibits and has received ...
History[edit]. 20th century[edit]. The study of physiological methods for deception tests measuring emotional disturbances ... 21st century[edit]. Two meta-analyses conducted by 2004 found an association between lying and increased pupil size and ...
See also: History of the Northern Territory. Pre 20th Century[edit]. The Aboriginal people of the Larrakia language group are ... "A brief history of Darwin". Darwin City Council. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2008.. ... "Tiwi Land Council History". 2007-10-21. Archived from the original on 7 April 2005. Retrieved 2016-06-26.. CS1 maint: Unfit url ... "Our People and History". Larrakia Nation Aboriginal Corporation. Archived from the original on 2009-03-11.. ...
History[edit]. 20th century[edit]. Taiwan first established a minimum wage in 1956, with the Minimum Wage Act.[2] ... 21st century[edit]. In 2007, the basic wage included holiday working hours. The hourly wage had a substantial portion of ...
1 History *1.1 Early history. *1.2 19th and 20th centuries. *1.3 Recent years ... 19th and 20th centuries[edit]. Following British settlement from 1835 onwards, much of the Yarra River delta was drained to dry ... History[edit]. Early history[edit]. Albert Park was originally part of the extensive Yarra River Delta, which involved vast ... Through the late 19th and early 20th Centuries, the park was used as a tip, a camp for the armed services, scenic drives, ...
1 History *1.1 20th century. *1.2 21st century. *2 Types of CSBs ... 21st century[edit]. In 2004, consultants gave the Department of ...
6 History *6.1 Etymology. *6.2 Before the 20th century. *6.3 20th century ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Russell, G. (1997). The history of bulimia nervosa. D. Garner & P. Garfinkel (Eds.), Handbook ... 20th century[edit]. At the turn of the century, bulimia (overeating) was described as a clinical symptom, but rarely in the ... Before the 20th century[edit]. Although diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa did not appear until 1979, evidence suggests ...
3 History *3.1 Early Swamp Commerce. *3.2 20th Century. *3.3 Reclamation of southernmost polder ... 20th Century[edit]. In October 1954, Hurricane Hazel overwhelmed the polder's drainage system with unprecedented heavy rains, ...
History[edit]. 20th century[edit]. Santa Monica Junior College has been established in September 1929 with 7 faculty members ... Rodrigo, Arambawattage (1981). The History of Intercollegiate Volleyball in the United States from 1895 to the Present Day (PDF ... 21st century[edit]. In 2012 Santa Monica College received national attention due to a controversial plan to create a two-tier ... This was the first time in the college's 84-year history that a student committed suicide on campus.[11] ...
Mid 20th century. Wood, pigment. In the collection of the Cincinnati Art Museum ... History[edit]. Muslim merchant communities at the time of the Bambara Empire, the Maraka largely controlled the desert-side ... trading posts and plantations multiplied in the Segu based state and its Kaarta vassals in the 18th and early 19th centuries. ...
talk , contribs)‎ (→‎20th century: added history). *(diff , hist) . . University of Sussex‎; 13:54 . . (+161)‎ . . ‎. Mayorone ...
20th Century. In Art in Slovakia / Summary History of Pictures. Bratislava. Bratislava : Slovart, p. 224 GAJDOŠ, R. 2008. The ... Art of the 20th century. Bratislava : Slovak National Gallery, p. 114-116 VALOCH, J. 2001. The Connotation of Powdered Painting ... In Dictionary of World and Slovak Fine Art in the 2nd half of the 20th century. Bratislava : Kruh súčasného umenia Profil, p. ... Slovak Graphics of the 20th Century. Bratislava : City Gallery, 2007, p. 195, 285, 304, 312 BARTOŠOVÁ, Z. 2007. ...
20th Century. In Art in Slovakia / Summary History of Pictures. Bratislava : Slovart, p. 224, 225 TOMÁŠOVÁ, I. 2007. New ... In GERŽOVÁ, J. 1999 (ed). Dictionary of World and Slovak Fine Art in the 2nd half of the 20th century Bratislava : Kruh ... In GERŽOVÁ, J. 1999 (ed). Dictionary of World and Slovak Fine Art in the 2nd half of the 20th century. Bratislava : Kruh ... Slovak Graphics of the 20th Century. Bratislava : Municipal Gallery, 2007, p. 267, 314 BARTOŠOVÁ, Z. 2007. ...
ISBN 3-527-30719-2. "The Federation of Bakers: the baking industry > history of bread > 20th century". Archived from the ... Large-scale bread-making with automated processes pre-dates the CBP by at least a century. Flour, water, yeast, salt, fat, and ...
20th century in ichnology. * Bioerosion - Erosion of hard substrates by living organisms ... History[edit]. Charles Darwin's The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms[a] is an example of a very early ...
History[edit]. Further information: Modern synthesis (20th century). The role of random chance in evolution was first outlined ... In the early 20th century, vigorous debates occurred over the relative importance of natural selection versus neutral processes ... Cavalli-Sforza LL, Menozzi P, Piazza A (1996). The History and Geography of Human Genes (Abridged paperback ed.). Princeton, N. ... Larson EJ (2004). Evolution: The Remarkable History of a Scientific Theory. Modern Library Chronicles. 17. New York: Modern ...
Assassinated". 20th Century History. About.com. Retrieved July 20, 2012. "I've Been to the Mountaintop" Archived February 16, ... April 4, 2006, press release "Top 100 American Speeches of the 20th Century". Retrieved August 30, 2009. Newfield 1988, p. 248 ... John Ray (brother of James Earl) on Fox at YouTube Today in History March 27 at YouTube Sack, Kevin (28 March 1997). "Dr. ... It is widely considered one of the greatest speeches in American history. Kennedy subsequently canceled all of his scheduled ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ... Those faces in turn took inspiration from earlier eighteenth century writing masters George Bickham and George Shelley, both of ... The face is based on late nineteenth-century English copperplate scripts. ...
"Aktion Erntefest". 20th Century History. About.com Education. Archived from the original on December 27, 2016. Retrieved April ... Changes in the history textbooks?". Gazeta Wyborcza. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. Archived from the original (Internet ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ... They seem to reduce somewhat the crudity of the letter." Goudy, Frederic (1946). A Half-Century of Type Design and Typography: ... and was quite popular there for much of the twentieth century. For example, Adrian Frutiger's early design Initiales Président ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... It appeared in the D. Stempel AG catalog in 1954 and Zapf used it to set his own Manuale Typographicum, a history of letter ... Martin Hutner; Jerry Kelly (2004). A Century for the Century: Fine Printed Books from 1900 to 1999. David R. Godine Publisher. ... Named after 16th century Italian master of calligraphy Giambattista Palatino, Palatino is based on the humanist types of the ...
"The Struma: The Boat That Never Made It". 20th Century History. About.com. 2013. Druks 2000, p. 74. Druks 2000, p. 75. "David ... Contributions to the Study of World History. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. pages 74-76 & note 26 on page 116. Enghelberg, Hedi ... Stoliar Born 1922 Kishinev, Romania". Holocaust Personal Histories. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... "The Complete History of the Cooper Black Font in Hip-Hop". Complex. Retrieved 12 September 2017. Shinn, Nick. "The Golden Age ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ... fonts popular in the nineteenth century, giving it a soft, 'muddy' appearance, with relatively low contrast between thick and ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ...
"Aktion Erntefest". 20th Century History. About.com Education. Archived from the original on 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2013-04-16. ... Changes in the history textbooks?". Gazeta Wyborcza. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. Archived from the original on 2011-11-06 ... It remained the best preserved example of an Holocaust death camp in history, with intact gas chambers and crematoria. The ... Axis History. Retrieved 2013-04-14. JVL (2013). "Majdanek Trial". Majdanek extermination camp. Jewish Virtual Library.org. ...
"Aktion Erntefest". 20th Century History. About.com Education. Archived from the original on 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2013-04-16. ... Publication history and details at Goodreads. Elissa Mailänder Koslov (2014). "Vous lisez. Work, Violence and Cruelty. An ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ... ISBN 0-300-11151-7. Mac MacGrew, "American Metal Typefaces of the Twentieth Century," Oak Knoll Books, New Castle Delaware, ...
... were established by the SPA during the first two decades of the 20th Century.[11] These institutions were intended to ... Michael J. Schaack, Anarchy and Anarchists: A History of the Red Terror and the Social Revolution in America and Europe. ... was launched by members of the Socialist Party of America during the first two decades of the 20th Century. ... During the second decade of the 20th Century the Socialist Party's "Young People's Department," headed by William Kruse, ...
20th Century Type. Yale University Press: 2004. ISBN 0-300-10073-6. Fiedl, Frederich, Nicholas Ott and Bernard Stein. ... News Gothic Benton Sans Family History Webtype pages: Benton Sans, Benton Sans RE Type Network pages: Benton Sans, Benton Sans ... Typography: An Encyclopedic Survey of Type Design and Techniques Through History. Black Dog & Leventhal: 1998. ISBN 1-57912-023 ...
... and marked the proudest full stop of biological science of 20th century in human science history. At the same time, elements of ... From Molecular Biology to Systems Biology, it is like striding from the 20th Century to the 21st Century. But you can’t ... In the whole 20th century, the medical field was presided by molecular biology, which is far from competent to explore the ... Why do we have no solutions for Tumors and Cancers after nearly one hundred years of research from 20th century till now ? ...
We can say that with the detection of gravitational waves, the physics of the 20th century has come to a close. At the same ... Who will be awarded the Nobel Prize this year thus lining up with the great figures in the history of science? Some scientists ... Who will be awarded the Nobel Prize this year thus lining up with the great figures in the history of science? Some scientists ... Bert on Entanglement - From a bizarre and long misunderstood quantum phenomenon to a key technology of the 21st century ...
Kosovo during the 20th century history has largely been characterised by wars and major population displacements. The region ... "A Short History of Kosovo". Lamar.colostate.edu. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 2010-06-19. The Oxford ... This was to be the first time in history that the name of Kosovo came to espouse its current borders; prior to this, its ... The Serbs: history, myth, and the ... - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2010-06-19. New York Times 19 April 1981, " ...
"A History of Iraq" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002, p.248 David McDowall, A Modern History of the Kurds, 504 pp., I ... "A History of Iraq" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2007, p.96. Tripp, Charles. "A History of Iraq" Cambridge University ... Saddam Hussein took power in 1979 and ruled Iraq for the remainder of the century, during the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s, the ... In retrospect, the 1970s can be seen as a high point in Iraqs modern history. A new, young, technocratic elite was governing ...
20th century, History, Russia. Gulag: Many Days, Many Lives Added to REESWeb on: May 02, 2009 Last checked on: February 19, ... Alexander Palace Russian History Websites Added to REESWeb on: July 25, 2003 Last checked on: February 19, 2018 ... Site presents the history of the Soviet Gulag system through a browseable archive of video, art, artifacts, photographs, and ... A wonderful online exhibition at the Library of Congress which gives access to the 19th century photoraphic collection of ...
The 20th century: Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of material and the problem of ... In respect to the recent history of technology, however, one fact stands out clearly: despite the immense achievements of ... the following decades witnessed more advance over a wide range of activities than the whole of previously recorded history. The ... The 20th century. Technology from 1900 to 1945. Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of ...
20th century, History, Political Parties & Politicians. Trotsky Archive Added to REESWeb on: May 13, 2001 Last checked on: ...
Diplomacy Modern History: 20 assigned downloads, like Practicing Public Diplomacy: A Cold War Odyssey - Yale Richmond from ... Similar tags: 19th century20th century • asia • autobiography • biography • china • diplomacy • europe • france • general • ... The United Nations In International History - Amy L. Sayward. The United Nations in International History argues for a new way ... Cold War Summits: A History, From Potsdam To Malta - Chris Tudda. CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2016This book examines six ...
The 20th century, 1901-1940. [Robert F Gorman;] -- The 1,036 essays in this six-volume set cover the worlds most important ... Early 20th century Elster and Geitel Study Radioactivity --. Early 20th century Mahler Directs the Vienna Court Opera --. 1901 ... HISTORY--Modern. schema:alternateName "20th century, 1901-1940" ;. schema:alternateName "Twentieth century, 1901-1940" ;. ... Early 20th century Elster and Geitel Study Radioactivity -- Early 20th century Mahler Directs the Vienna Court Opera -- 1901 ...
HISTORY: United States: 20th Century. See All History Books ». *Click on a column heading to sort (in ascending order) by title ... Miles to Go: A Personal History of Social Policy. Moynihan, Daniel Patrick. PAPERBACK. 1997. $30.00. ... on eighteenth-century European attempts to bring home Arabic, Persian, and Turkish manuscripts for Continental libraries; ... Bevilacqua also spoke with The Ottoman History Podcast.. *Kori Schake discussed Safe Passage: The Transition from British to ...
General History Jr: 20 assigned downloads, like Hoax: Hitlers Diaries, Lincolns Assassins, and Other Famous Frauds - Jr. Steers ... Similar tags: 20th century • autobiography • biography • fiction • general • history • jr. • local • military • modern • ... Alexandre Kojeve: Wisdom At The End Of History - James H. Nichols. Nichols examines the major writings of Alexandre Koj_ve, and ... The Wisdom Of Generations: Using The Lessons Of History To Create A Values-based Future - Jr. Dippel, Tieman H.. ...
I have want for send your photos and experience the history and magic of the Skyscraper Capital of the World. 1890s Have a hard ... I like New York and I was created a new tread searching many thing about the evolution of new york skyline on 20th century. In ... Hi!! We`re back on other trip throught the history of New York skyscraper during 20th. Century. Now, were in 1961 and New York ... Hi!!!! Were back on this travel through the history of New York skyscraper during 20th. Century. We continue in 1960s and now ...
20th Century Education and History - By: Taylor Besch by Taylor Besch , This newsletter was created with Smore, an online tool ... The Beginning of the 20th Century *At the start of the 20th century, about 15% of the population was living at bare survival ... The Start of 20th Century Education *The 1870 Elementary Education Act established school boards that were in charge of the ...
Serge Ricard is Professor Emeritus of American Studies and U.S. History at the Sorbonne Nouvelle (University of Paris III), ... "The Blackwell Companions to American History series provides essential and authoritative overviews of the scholarship that has ... of the United States in the 19th Century: Ideological and Political Aspects (1999). ... foreign policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and Mexican-American culture. His publications include ...
A Brief History of Battleship Warfare During the 20th Century. By MatthewA Jul 4, 2015 ... Auto Business Entertainment Health History Home Lifestyle Sports Tech Travel >> Auto History Sports IB University ...
Melvin Small is Distinguished Professor of History, Emeritus at Wayne State University. His numerous publications include ...
We should ask how the 20th century historical narratives reflect the general history? Just how do family histories differ from ... FINNISH 20th CENTURY HISTORY IN ORAL NARRATIVES Pauliina Latvala On the break of a new millennium we are facing a question how ... What is not told in the 20th century oral history? The collection «The Great Family Narrative« remains conspicuously silent ... The Civil War (1918) gives added impetus to the theme of migration and the representation of 20th century Finns history. A key ...
Calhoun, Craig (2001) Public sphere: 19th and 20th century history. In: Smelser, N. J. and Wright, James and Baltes, P. B., ( ...
Showing 1 - 1 results of 1 for search Socialism and theater Great Britain History 20th century. Skip to content History 20th century., query time: 0.27s ... History 1 History and criticism 1 Influence 1 Influence (Literary, artistic, etc.) 1 Influence allemande 1 Political plays, ...
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A History Of The Cut Up first pressing or reissue. Complete your DJ Food collection. Shop Vinyl and CDs. ... Raiding the 20th Century,/i, is an attempt to catalogue the history of cut up music - be it avant garde tape manipulation, ... Raiding The 20th Century - Words & Music Expansion ‎(File, MP3, Mixed, VBR) UbuWeb. none. 2005. ... Apart from the fact that the title, ,i,Raiding the 20th Century,/i,, was coined by Morley 20 years before for a future Art of ...
In these three popular histories of America-collectively ... ... Three popular histories of 20th-century America : Frederick ... Three popular histories of 20th-century America : Frederick Lewis Allen.. Author:. Frederick Lewis Allen. ... schema:name "Three popular histories of 20th-century America : Frederick Lewis Allen."@en ;. schema:productID "984992837" ;. ... Three popular histories of 20th-century America : Frederick Lewis Allen./Frederick Lewis Allen; New York : Open Road Integrated ...
Roy F. and Jeannette P. Nichols Professor of American History 20th century U.S.; women, gender, and sexuality; cultural history ... Director, Center for Teaching and Learning; Adjunct Associate Professor of History 20th-century U.S., cultural, political, ... Assistant Professor of History Twentieth-century US and Latin America, transnational history, capitalism and political economy ... Assistant Professor of History Twentieth-century U.S.; political; capitalism, business and political economy; urban and ...
History Of Medicine, Medical Issues, Medicine, Books products? We have a fantastic range for you to choose from. Find out more ... History Of Medicine, Medical Issues, Medicine, Books products? We have a fantastic range for you to choose from. Find out more ... Looking for 20th Century History C1900 To C2000, ... Looking for 20th Century History C1900 To C2000, ... 20th Century History C1900 To C2000, History Of Medicine, Medical Issues, Medicine, Books. * Books (1100558) * Medicine (46480) ...
Big U.S. History 20th Century Quiz #1: Enter Now!. by PW Fun & Learning on August 3, 2017. ... Heres the direct link if the questions below dont show up: Big U.S. History 20th Century Quiz #1 ... Here we go with first half of the 20th century, everyone! Good luck!! ...
  • History 20W Final Exam Study Guide Spring 2017 Professor Michael Hawkins Final Exam Date: Wednesday, June 14, 8:00-11:00am You will have the entire final exam period to complete your exam. (coursehero.com)
  • In venturing to interpret the events of the 20th century, it will be convenient to separate the years before 1945 from those that followed. (britannica.com)
  • There were no fundamental innovations in fuel and power before the breakthrough of 1945, but there were several significant developments in techniques that had originated in the previous century. (britannica.com)
  • This course is a survey of American cultural history since the mid- 19th century with an emphasis on the consistent interplay between white and black culture that ultimately produces a set of specifically American cultural forms. (kzoo.edu)
  • Growing industrialization in the 19th century brought a steady migration to urban centers such as Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, and vagrancy records suggest a rise in the numbers of those in search of work in these cities. (nap.edu)
  • WHO HQ Library catalog › Results of search for 'su:{History, 20th century. (who.int)
  • In respect to the recent history of technology, however, one fact stands out clearly: despite the immense achievements of technology by 1900, the following decades witnessed more advance over a wide range of activities than the whole of previously recorded history. (britannica.com)
  • This guide will help you find primary sources pertaining to Kentucky History from 1900 through 1999. (uky.edu)
  • 20th Century (1900-1992) C.E. (alim.org)
  • Browsing by Subject "Music--United States--20th century--History and criticism. (jhu.edu)
  • History, 20th Century" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (ucdenver.edu)
  • The concept African Americans -- Suffrage -- Mississippi -- History -- 20th century represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Live Oak Public Libraries . (library.link)
  • The previous background information also helps us to appreciate more fully the extensive number obstacles that were overcome in order to make it to this 20th milestone, a process which actually required hundreds, if not thousands, of years of accumulated scientific knowledge to achieve, not to mention the tenacious work of innumerable pioneers. (blogs.com)
  • I am preparing to become a high school history teacher, and this archive is a great way for students to learn more about Churchill and his legacy through pictures, documents, and other primary sources. (blogspot.com)
  • In the 16th century with the advent of universities, birth control started moving away from foods and plants, and towards the experimentation with chemicals discovered in university settings. (infobarrel.com)
  • France became a nation in the 16th century. (notaires.fr)
  • Late 19th Century - Method: Better Science! (infobarrel.com)
  • In the 3rd century AD, under the late Roman Empire, officers whose roles were similar to that of modern French notaires were already authenticating contracts on behalf of the State. (notaires.fr)
  • As bicycles moved into the late 20th century, mountain biking's popularity increased. (blogspot.com)
  • Covers British and Commonwealth FAA and naval aviation history, with 1000 pages about Royal Navy squadron units, aircraft, aircraft carriers, museums, research and veteran memorial honour rolls. (webring.org)
  • The Historical Society's archives richly document the social, cultural, and economic history of a region central to many aspects of the nation's development from colonial times to the 20th century. (bshs.org.uk)
  • Though it might have seemed unnecessarily cruel to have kept you in the 19th century for so long, the insufferable waiting indeed had a purpose, for we can now begin the story of truly modern endoscopy with a sound understanding of its scientific, social, and technical contexts in mind. (blogs.com)
  • Understanding the history of pain can help practitioners and researchers grasp the nature of pain, and demonstrate how the pain management specialty grew to include the current range of treatment options. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • The history of Uruguayan cinema during the 20th century also provides a lens for understanding the political, social, and cultural histories of a country that has struggled to live up to its reputation as South America's "most democratic" nation. (oxfordre.com)
  • Recent history is notoriously difficult to write, because of the mass of material and the problem of distinguishing the significant from the insignificant among events that have virtually the power of contemporary experience. (britannica.com)
  • Great events from history. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/213299734 Title: Great events from history. (worldcat.org)
  • The time line shows important events in the history of BSL, from the first defined use of fingers to create an alphabet to 2010 when the 21st International Congress on the Education of the Deaf, held in Vancouver, Canada passes a resounding resolution that rejects the motions passed back in Milan in 1880. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The New Woman became associated with the rise of feminism and the campaign for women's suffrage, as well as with the rise of consumerism, mass culture, and freer expressions of sexuality that defined the first decades of the 20th century. (oxfordre.com)
  • Examine the emergence of nationalism in the 20th Century as a powerful political force in Third World countries, and survey two routes to national independence: constitutional and revolutionary. (zaneeducation.com)
  • The Occupy movement and the protests that inspired it have focused new attention on the work of Mahatma Gandhi, who set out principles of nonviolent resistance during the struggle for Indian Independence, principles that found their echo in Tahrir Square, Puerta del Sol and Zuccotti Park some half a century later. (audible.com)
  • Also, there were many independence movements in the 20th century, some of which had nothing to do with the global struggle between freedom and communism. (conservapedia.com)
  • This is a webpage written by high school teachers for those who teach US history who want to find online content as well as technology that you can use in the classroom. (blogspot.com)
  • This book gives an abbreviated history of the development of UK Air Defence and will summarise pictorially the various threats and defence systems of the past nine decades. (airdefence.org)
  • Teaching resources for introducing the Gulag's history into middle and high school classrooms are available. (pitt.edu)
  • Here is a cool new online archive of 20th century resources surrounding Winston Churchill. (blogspot.com)
  • However, the scenery of surgery was about to change dramatically with the introduction of new 20th century technologies. (blogs.com)
  • Aetius mentioned the use of surgery to treat goiter in the 6th century, believing that it was a hernia of the larynx. (news-medical.net)
  • The first record of a successful thyroid surgery was in the 10th century, performed by Albucasis, who removed a large goiter from a man under opium sedation. (news-medical.net)
  • Download Diplomacy Modern History, 20th century, international rela. (tradebit.com)
  • On the positive side, thanks to modern medicine, the western world was gifted with a nearly doubled human lifespan relative to their 19th century counterparts. (blogs.com)
  • Hop drying subsidiaries of major brewers were a large presence in 20th Century operations, leading the way in installing modern machinery. (oastandhopkilnhistory.com)
  • This infographic demonstrates the history of birth control, from ancient times to the modern day. (infobarrel.com)
  • The woman who kickstarted the modern fitness industry emerges from her life story - told by her daughter, Esther Fairfax - as one of the strangest and most ruthless characters of the 20th century. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • GOETZ AND BAER HISTORY MAKERS The report that the title to the Coeur d'Alene hotel had passed to a Seattle banking firm brings to mind a number of interesting pioneer facts pertaining to that hotel and its founders, "Dutch Jake" Goetz and Harry Baer. (wsu.edu)
  • Melvin Small is Distinguished Professor of History, Emeritus at Wayne State University. (wiley.com)