Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Unlawful act of taking property.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)

John Collins Warren and his act of conscience: a brief narrative of the trial and triumph of a great surgeon. (1/2006)

On examination of the correspondence among the principals involved, as well as the original patent application being prepared by Morton, it has become possible to reconstruct some of the remarkable details attending the first use of ether anesthesia at the Massachusetts General Hos pital in the autumn of 1846. At the time that Warren invited Morton to demonstrate the use of his "ethereal vapor" for anesthesia in a minor operation on Oct. 16, 1846, the exact chemical composition of the agent used was being held secret by Morton; Warren was clearly disturbed by this unethical use of a secret "nostrum." When the time arrived 3 weeks later for its possible use for a serious "capital" operation, Warren employed a simple stratagem of public confrontation to discover from Morton the true nature of the substance to be used. On being informed that it was pure unadulterated sulfuric ether, not some mysterious new discovery labeled "Letheon," Warren gave approval for its first use in a "capital" operation (low thigh amputation) on Nov. 7, 1846. Despite this revelation to the immediate participants, a veil of secrecy continued to surround the substance for many months, an anomalous situation evidently traceable to Morton's desire for personal reward from the discovery. It was this matter of secrecy, rather than priority for its discovery, that surrounded the early use of ether anesthesia with controversy and recrimination both in this country and abroad.  (+info)

The pneumococcus at the millennium: not down, not out. (2/2006)

In the 12 decades that will have elapsed between the first isolation of the pneumococcus and the coming millennium, much of fundamental biologic importance has been learned from the study of this bacterium and the diseases it causes. Streptococcus pneumoniae is associated with the development of Gram's stain, the Quellung reaction, and many of the fundamentals of immunology. It has also played a significant role in the history of antimicrobial therapy. After a transitory period of euphoria engendered by the improved prognosis of pneumococcal pneumonia resulting from therapeutic advances, recognition that the newer treatments could not bring about the recovery of those sustaining early irreversible physiologic injury led to renewed interest in immunoprophylaxis. Added impetus to this approach has been fostered by the recent rapid increase in the number of pneumococcal isolates resistant to antimicrobial agents and in the magnitude of their resistance. Pneumococcal vaccines are increasingly relevant.  (+info)

Early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. (3/2006)

This article provides an account of early theory and research on hemispheric specialization. It begins by tracing theory and research on localization of function that set the stage for the discovery of hemispheric specialization. After that, it describes the studies of Paul Broca, John Hughlings-Jackson, and others on hemisphere specialization and reviews some of the proposed explanations for the phenomenon. It then turns to the study of hemispheric specialization and mental illness, and it ends by identifying some of the linkages between theory and research from the past and the present.  (+info)

An appreciation of A.E. Malloch, MB, MD (1844-1919): a forgotten surgical pioneer. (4/2006)

Dr. Archibald Edward Malloch was a surgeon whose life and work were greatly influenced by Joseph Lister and his revolutionary system of antiseptic surgery. This paper describes how a young Canadian medical man came to introduce Lister's system to North America in 1869 and studies his career in the light of Lister's surgical epoch.  (+info)

Vitamin A as "anti-infective" therapy, 1920-1940. (5/2006)

In the last fifteen years, a large series of controlled clinical trials showed that vitamin A supplementation reduces morbidity and mortality of children in developing countries. It is less well known that vitamin A underwent two decades of intense clinical investigation prior to World War II. In the 1920s, a theory emerged that vitamin A could be used in "anti-infective" therapy. This idea, largely championed by Edward Mellanby, led to a series of at least 30 trials to determine whether vitamin A--usually supplied in the form of cod-liver oil--could reduce the morbidity and mortality of respiratory disease, measles, puerperal sepsis, and other infections. The early studies generally lacked such innovations known to the modern controlled clinical trial such as randomization, masking, sample size and power calculations, and placebo controls. Results of the early trials were mixed, but the pharmaceutical industry emphasized the positive results in their advertising to the public. With the advent of the sulfa antibiotics for treatment of infections, scientific interest in vitamin A as "anti-infective" therapy waned. Recent controlled clinical trials of vitamin A from the last 15 y follow a tradition of investigation that began largely in the 1920s.  (+info)

Rapid economic growth and 'the four Ds' of disruption, deprivation, disease and death: public health lessons from nineteenth-century Britain for twenty-first-century China? (6/2006)

Rapid economic growth has always entailed serious disruption: environmental, ideological, and political. As a result the relationship between economic growth and public health is complex since such disruption always threatens to spill over into deprivation, disease and death. The populations of most current high-income, high-life expectancy countries of 'the West' endured several decades of severely compromised health when they first experienced industrialization in the last century Although health technologies have moved on, the social, administrative and political disruption accompanying economic growth can still impede the delivery of health improvements. The case history of 19th-century laissez-faire Britain is explored in some detail to demonstrate the importance of these social and political forces, particularly the relative vigour and participatory nature of local government, linking to recent work on the importance of social capital in development. For a country like China today, paradoxically, there is nothing that needs such careful planning as a 'free market' economy.  (+info)

Chemical hormesis: its historical foundations as a biological hypothesis. (7/2006)

Despite the long history of hormesis-related experimental research, no systematic effort to describe its early history has been undertaken. The present paper attempts to reconstruct and assess the early history of such research and to evaluate how advances in related scientific fields affected the course of hormesis-related research. The purpose of this paper is not only to satisfy this gap in current knowledge but also to provide a foundation for the assessment of how the concept of hormetic dose-response relationships may have affected the nature of the bioassay, especially with respect to hazard assessment practices within a modern risk assessment framework.  (+info)

Milestones in the research on tobacco mosaic virus. (8/2006)

Beijerinck's (1898) recognition that the cause of tobacco mosaic disease was a novel kind of pathogen became the breakthrough which eventually led to the establishment of virology as a science. Research on this agent, tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), has continued to be at the forefront of virology for the past century. After an initial phase, in which numerous biological properties of TMV were discovered, its particles were the first shown to consist of RNA and protein, and X-ray diffraction analysis of their structure was the first of a helical nucleoprotein. In the molecular biological phase of research, TMV RNA was the first plant virus genome to be sequenced completely, its genes were found to be expressed by cotranslational particle disassembly and the use of subgenomic mRNA, and the mechanism of assembly of progeny particles from their separate parts was discovered. Molecular genetical and cell biological techniques were then used to clarify the roles and modes of action of the TMV non-structural proteins: the 126 kDa and 183 kDa replicase components and the 30 kDa cell-to-cell movement protein. Three different TMV genes were found to act as avirulence genes, eliciting hypersensitive responses controlled by specific, but different, plant genes. One of these (the N gene) was the first plant gene controlling virus resistance to be isolated and sequenced. In the biotechnological sphere, TMV has found several applications: as the first source of transgene sequences conferring virus resistance, in vaccines consisting of TMV particles genetically engineered to carry foreign epitopes, and in systems for expressing foreign genes. TMV owes much of its popularity as a research mode to the great stability and high yield of its particles. Although modern methods have much decreased the need for such properties, and TMV may have a less dominant role in the future, it continues to occupy a prominent position in both fundamental and applied research.  (+info)

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Abstract Body mass index (BMI ) values reflect the net balance between nutrition, work effort, and calories consumed to fight disease. Nineteenth-century prison records in the United States demonstrate that the BMI values of blacks and whites were distributed symmetrically; neither underweight nor obese individuals were common among the working class. BMI values declined throughout the nineteenth century. By modern standards, however, nineteenth-century BMI s were in healthy weight ranges, though the biological living standards in rural areas exceeded those in urban areas. The increase in BMI s during the twentieth century did not have its origin in the nineteenth century.. ...
NCGS is preparing to launch a special guest-edited issue in Summer 2008 that would read nineteenth-century texts within a disability studies/queer studies/gender studies framework. The issue will engage and answer these and other questions: how do issues of the disabled body and the gendered body parallel each other, or collapse into one another? What are the implications of disability in the construction and practice of femininity in nineteenth-century culture? What are the implications of disability in the construction and practice of masculinity in nineteenth-century culture? How do images and metaphors of physical difference work, with gender, into the forms of nineteenth-century literature and culture? What are the connections between gender, ability/disability, and work in the nineteenth century? What are the theoretical implications of prosthetics in writing/understanding nineteenth-century culture? What are the implications of bodily performance in general in the nineteenth century? Is ...
In this first English-language study of popular and scientific responses to tuberculosis in nineteenth-century France, David Barnes provides a much-needed historical perspective on a disease that is making an alarming comeback in the United States and Europe. Barnes argues that French perceptions of the disease--ranging from the early romantic image of a consumptive woman to the later view of a scourge spread by the poor--owed more to the power structures of nineteenth-century society than to medical science. By 1900, the war against tuberculosis had become a war against the dirty habits of the working class. Lucid and original, Barness study broadens our understanding of how and why societies assign moral meanings to deadly diseases.. ...
He is not the download A Concise History of Modern Korea: From the Late Nineteenth of an African Canadian Achievement Award and the Harry Jerome Award. Reproduced on May 28, 1954, Mayor Tory is a economic, and windward, Toronto Maple Leafs force. MayorTory and his exchange Barbara have emerged involved for 37 events.
|em|Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Europe and Africa: Commerce, Christianity, Civilization, and Conquest|/em| presents a dramatic, gripping chronicle of exploration and missions from the early nineteenth century through the Conference of Berlin in 1884 and the subsequent scramble for Africa. Unique sources provide a wealth of research topics on explorers, politicians, evangelists, journalists, and tycoons blinded by romantic nationalism or caught up in the competition for markets and converts. These monographs, manuscripts, and newspapers cover key issues of economics, world politics, and international strategy.
Sir William Osler, Baronet: Sir William Osler, Baronet, Canadian physician and professor of medicine who practiced and taught in Canada, the United States, and Great Britain and whose book The Principles and Practice of Medicine (1892) was a leading textbook. Osler played a key role in transforming the organization and
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Having live-in domestic servants seems like the height of luxury today, but in the nineteenth century, hired girls were common in middle-class households in Illinois. In a society without electricity and running water, household chores were onerous, and in the nineteenth century, a wave of immigrants made labor cheap and plentiful.
This article addresses two issues that feature prominently in the recent historiography. First, how does the Habsburg Empires economic performance compare to the record for other European economies in terms of levels and growth of national income? Second, to what extent was the Austrian economy subject to prolonged stagnation after 1873? These questions are examined on the basis of new annual estimates of GDP for Austria and Hungary for 1870 to 1913. The article argues, first, that over the whole period under review Austrian per capita income failed to expand at a pace broadly commensurate with the countrys relative income position. The Austrian economy did not catch up with the leaders and failed to keep pace with other followers. Second, the Hungarian economy recorded a markedly higher rate of per capita income growth, placing it about mid-range in a European growth comparison. Third, the new evidence supports the notion of a great depression in the western half of the empire (Austria) ...
This thesis examines the relations between music and literature through fictional women musicians in nineteenth-century European literature and more particularly through their bodies. The female body appears to be a rich juncture between music and literature, facilitating musical references in literature as well as creating complex musical narrative systems anchored in social, cultural and scientific discourses of the long nineteenth century. All types of women musicians are examined (singers, instrumentalists, composers, and even listeners) along with different discourses on the body (social, philosophical and scientific), shedding a new light on gender and the arts. Our chronological as well as thematic approach strives to highlight a common representation of the body and of female musicians in literature. German Romantic texts thus present women musicians as elusive figures who play a key role in the impossibility to materialise the abstract. Realist and sensation novels are analysed through ...
In neurological circles today the name James Taylor (1859-1946) is probably remembered mainly for his role in editing the Selected Writings of John Hughlings Jackson, the most readily available source of Jacksons contributions to neurological knowledge. Taylors own neurological achievements are largely or entirely forgotten, but in his day he was an influential figure whose career linked the great figures of the golden era of late nineteenth century British neurology to the neurology of the first half of the twentieth century. Not only was he a junior professional colleague and close friend of both John Hughlings Jackson and William Gowers, he also produced a substantial corpus of neurological writings in his own right, including a textbook of child neurology and the first English language account of subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord.
When people learn that Ive been working on a book on nineteenth-century Scottish women writers, they frequently ask were there any? This is an understandable question. In fact, its the question that motivated me to write Scottish Womens Writing in the Long Nineteenth Century.
The manuscript and archives collections contain everything from the daybooks of eighteenth century silversmiths to late nineteenth century tradecards for sewing machines; from architectural drawings for early nineteenth century town houses to rare autochromes of Winterthurs gardens; from photographs of Shaker communities to the exercise books of school children.. Peggy Clayton, who lived near Halifax, NC, created her calligraphy mathematics exercise book (Doc 1442) in the 1770s, ornamenting it with pictures of American ships, flags, and patriotic sentiments as well as standard exercises like addition, subtraction, multiplication, rule of three, and simple and compound interest. She used the common writing materials of the period - hand-made laid paper, a quill pen and iron gall ink. The folded leaves were sewn into a soft cover composed of a canvas laminated between a heavy outer paper and newsprint on the inside.. The cover is detached from the manuscript and it is soiled, torn and dog-eared ...
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From the early nineteenth century to the current day reformers, policy makers, prison governors and medical officers have grappled with relentlessly high levels of mental illness in prisons. Since the creation of modern and specialised prisons and prison regimes, prison regimes and conditions - the separate system, solitary confinement and overcrowding - were criticised for their impact on the mental wellbeing of their inmates. This paper explores the management of mentally ill prisoners in the late nineteenth century, paying particular attention to Liverpool Borough Prison. Managing mentally ill prisoners - male and female - became a significant part of the prison surgeons workload and a drain on the prisons resources. Drawing on underexploited prison archives, official papers, medical literature, and asylum casebooks, this paper examines the efforts of prison officers to cope with mental illness among prison populations, and how these drew on, reflected and reinforced late ...
Although most of the organs found in Peru today were imported from Europe during the hundred years that followed independence and the establishment of the Republic (1821), only a few of this large and unique collection have been studied and evaluated. These instruments attest to a vibrant and varied use of the organ in ecclesiastical contexts that continues a long and consistent tradition, well documented from the beginnings of the viceregal era in 1535. Among the surviving nineteenth-century organs in Peru, those built by the Italian immigrant Innocente Foglia stand out because they appear to be the only organs constructed in Peru during this period of the Republic. All the Foglia organs known at present are in prominent churches in major cities and exhibit an amalgamation of various national styles, both Romantic and pre-Romantic. Innocente Foglia is also known to have repaired and restored many of the imported European organs in Peru. Basic biographical information about Foglia, recently ...
7) What is science? I was dismayed to discover that students in my own university were being taught (by someone with a new PhD in history of science from a prestigious institution) that there was no such thing as science in the seventeenth century. But this, after all, is what Henrys textbook says, and Dear in his 2012 review essay confidently asserts: specialist historians seem increasingly agreed that science as we now know it is an endeavour born of the nineteenth century. On her university website one distinguished historian of science is described thus: Paula Findlen teaches history of science before it was science (which is, after all, a nineteenth-century word). (http://web.stanford.edu/ dept/HPS/findlen.html, accessed 7 Dec 2015). How have we got to the point where it appears to make sense to claim that science is a nineteenth-century word? Because Newton, we are told, was not a scientist (which indeed is a nineteenth-century word) but a philosopher. Even if one charitably ...
A glorious companion volume to Historical Fashion in Detail: The 17th and 18th Centuries (V&A ) and Modern Fashion in Detail (V&A ), this book captures the opulence and variety of nineteenth-century fashion through an authoritative text, exquisite colour photography and line drawings of the complete garments.
At the May 29, 2017, Board meeting, Trustees approved a recommendation for the Ancaster Accommodation Review to rebuild C.H. Bray and Rousseau Elementary Schools on their existing sites, build an addition at Ancaster Senior Elementary School and close Fessenden and Queens Rangers Elementary Schools once the new schools and the addition are constructed. This approval also requires a boundary review to determine the boundaries of the new schools at the Beverly Community Centre site and C.H. Bray. The schools involved in the boundary review include the new school at Greensville (Greensville and Spencer Valley), the new school at Beverly Community Centre Site (Beverly Central and Dr. John Seaton), Queens Rangers, C.H. Bray and Sir William Osler.. ...
Read the full-text online edition of The Italian Traditions & Puccini: Compositional Theory and Practice in Nineteenth-Century Opera (2011).
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The purpose of this new book is to persuade us that Charles Thomas Jackson, who gave Morton a little background information about ether and spent the rest of his life claiming priority for the Great Invention, was not as crazy as has been previously alleged. The critical incident reported in this book concerns the accidental meeting in Fall 1832 of Jackson and Samuel Morse on the boat Sully as it crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to America. Morse, a successful artist, had become interested in the possibility of developing an electric telegraph. He and passengers on the Sully , including Jackson, chatted about the possibility of sending messages through wires. Jackson later claimed he had given Morse the whole idea. The meat of this book consists of sworn depositions given by Jackson in the course of complicated lawsuits brought by others claiming they, and not Morse, were responsible for key elements of the electric telegraph ...
press release Goetz, C. G. (2000). Battle of the titans - Charcot and Brown-Sequard on cerebral localization. Neurology, 54(9), 1840-1847. Objective: To examine the differing views of Jean-Martin Charcot and Charles Edouard Brown-Sequard-two celebrated neuroscientists of the nineteenth century-on cerebral localization as exemplified in their controversial debate of 1875 at the Societe de Biologie in Paris. Background: As clinicopathologic correlations were developed in the mid and late nineteenth century, cerebral localization was a primary topic of debate at scientific, social, and religious levels. Charcot, representing an anatomic approach to research, and Brown-Sequard, representing a physiologic perspective, disagreed fundamentally on the importance of cerebral localization to normal behavior and neurologic illness. Methods: The minutes of the Societe de Biologie meetings of 1875 and 1876, as well as primary archive documents from the Archives Nationales de 1Academie des Sciences and the ...
This thesis is the first to combine organology, musicology, history and ethnography in a comprehensive study focusing on Irish organ-building. Chapter One commences with an extensive historical survey of Irish organ-building. Chapter Two proposes that there was a thriving indigenous industry in the nineteenth century with two leading families, Telford and White. It describes their family and business history that continued until the early part of the following century. It also exposes evidence of religious prejudice and comments on Irish exports within the British Empire. Chapter Three proposes a relationship between manufactory and functionality, and suggests that Irish organ-builders were following English builders in the use of practical casework designs. A case study of Telfords work at Trinity College Chapel, Dublin and Durrow (1838, 1842) examples expedient measures in the building of a new organ and adaptation of an old organ. Chapter Four presents analyses of layout, architectural ...
This class focuses on the history of biology within modern and contemporary art, architecture, and design. It traces biocentrism †a biology-based philosophy of the oneness of art and science †from the late nineteenth century to the present within the greater world of art. It is a realm notably stretched, expanded and refashioned to include the pragmatic activities and thinking of scientists. We will trace the influences of this nature-holism from the nineteenth-century naturalists Ernst Haeckel and Raoul Francé to the fount of twentieth-century modern design at the German and American Bauhaus in the work of Walter Gropius, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Lászlo Moholy-Nagy to twenty-first century bioart and synthetic biology in contemporary architecture and design. The class brings to the fore the lesser known pedagogy of biofunctionalism within the Bauhaus, comparing it to New Objectivity Bauhaus functionalism. Readings trace the diasporic spread of this Bauhaus biofunctionalism ...
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During the nineteenth century, Britains urban population increased as its rural population diminished. A historian theorizes that, rather than industrializations being the cause, this change ...
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A philosophical review of Richard Rapport, M.D., Nerve Endings: The Discovery of the Synapse (New York: Norton, 2005). Richard Rapports remarkable book returns us to the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century where amateur science hewed more closely to aesthetic vision. The main characters are the cantankerous Italian, Camillo Golgi, and the pensive, ardent…
This volume of essays by leading scholars aims to give a comprehensive account of [European] philosophy in the nineteenth century -- or rather, a...
Nordic Landscape Painting In The Nineteenth Century by Torsten Gunnarsson available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. In this richly illustrated book, Torsten Gunnarsson provides for the first time a comprehensive...
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A comparison of lifestyles, economic achievement and population behaviour of Montreals three cultural communities (French Catholic, Irish Catholic and English Protestant)from 1840 to 1900. The authors point out that the three communities exhibited three different demographic systems and strategies which changed significantly over the second half of the nineteenth century ...
A comparison of lifestyles, economic achievement and population behaviour of Montreals three cultural communities (French Catholic, Irish Catholic and English Protestant)from 1840 to 1900. The authors point out that the three communities exhibited three different demographic systems and strategies which changed significantly over the second half of the nineteenth century ...
On the whole, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness to the neglect of the total life of intellect and character. - Edward Thorndike quotes from BrainyQuote.com
County histories, especially those published between 1870 and 1915, provide county surveys from the time of origin to the time of printing. Each contains biographical sketches of individuals and families living within the county. Most also contain family name indexes. The Library has histories from each of Illinois 102 counties; nearly all were published in the nineteenth century. For a surname index of the biographical sketches in the Librarys collection of Illinois county histories, visit the Searchable Surname Index.. County plat books contain detailed maps of the townships within the county and indicate ownership of the land at the time of printing (ca. 1870-1930). Some also contain brief histories and biographical sketches.. The Library holds indexes to federal census records for Illinois for 1810, 1818, 1820, 1830, 1840, and 1850, 1860, and 1870, as well as abridged copies of federal records for many Illinois counties (1810-1880).. Privately printed lists of cemetery inscriptions, ...
View samples from a selection of highlights featured in Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Photography, part of Gale Primary Sources.
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This article is the guest editors introduction to a special volume of Pacific Historical Review entitled Protection: Global Genealogies, Local Practices. Guest editors Christina Twomey and Katherine Ellinghaus argue that the global discourse of protection had a strong presence beyond British humanitarian circles and a longer chronological and larger geographical reach than historians have previously noted. Articles in the special volume include Christina Twomeys examination of protection as a concept with its origins in European, rather than British, colonialism, Trevor Burnards study of the Protectors of slaves in Berbice in the early to mid-nineteenth century, Goolam Vaheds analysis of the Protectors appointed to lobby on behalf of immigrant Indian indentured labourers in late nineteenth century Natal, Rachel Standfields investigation of the use of language in Protectorates in Australia and New Zealand in the 1840s, Amanda Nettelbecks exploration of the concept of Aboriginal vagrancy ...
Brian Oxman, Joe Jacksons attorney, said some family members were disappointed that the physician was charged only with involuntary manslaughter. The criminal case comes after a seven-month investigation that stretched from the master bedroom of Jacksons Holmby Hills mansion to the heart clinic Murray ran in a poor neighborhood of Houston. The focus, however, rarely left Murray. Within weeks of Jacksons death, detectives described the doctor as a manslaughter suspect in court papers that said he admitted leaving the singer alone and under the influence of propofol -- a powerful anesthetic used to render surgical patients unconscious -- in a bedroom of the sprawling home. The coroners office ruled Jacksons death a homicide and said the cause was acute propofol intoxication in conjunction with the effect of other sedatives Murray acknowledged providing. Despite the almost immediate focus on Murray -- authorities first questioned him in the hospital where doctors were working in vain to ...
Online etext History of Duchess county, New York : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers by James H. (James Hadden) Smith (page 20 of 125) : the collection of free ebooks
"19th Century History". City of Norfolk History. Retrieved 31 January 2012. City of Norfolk. "17th Century History". City of ... "All About Suffolk: History". Suffolk: Community. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.. ... Select the map for December 31, 1634 (the earliest date available). "About Us: History". Highland County. Retrieved December 26 ... "City of Portsmouth, Virginia - History". City of Portsmouth. Archived from the original on 14 February 2012. Retrieved 31 ...
Published in the 20th century History of the Salem East India Marine Society: its original act of incorporation, its final ... Published in the 19th century By-Laws and Regulations of the East India Marine Society, Salem: Cushing, 1800 "Salem East India ... "19th-century-experiences". Connected: Peabody Essex Museum blog. Retrieved 25 February 2017. Walter Muir Whitehill (1949). " ... "History of the Building". North of Boston Library Exchange. Archived from the original on 3 April 2018. Retrieved 1 April 2014 ...
Chemise from Attica region, early 20th century. 19th century gloves. "History". pli.gr. Peloponnesian Folklore Foundation. ... PFF was founded in 1974 by Ioanna Papantoniou and it is located since 1981 in an early 20th century house belonging to ... The museum also holds a collection of 5,500 items linked with the history of fashion, including works by designers such as ...
"History (19th century)". Early Gaelic Harp - via www.earlygaelicharp.info. Rimmer (1969), p. 67. see Collinson (1983) "Ann ... In the early 19th century, even as the old Gaelic harp tradition was dying out, a new harp was developed in Ireland. It had gut ... A New History of Ireland, prehistoric and early history. Daibhi OCoinin (2005). Oxford University Press. J. Keay & Julia Keay ... Scotland's Music: A History of the Traditional and Classical Music of Scotland from Early Times to the Present Day. John Purser ...
"History: 19th century". Sheffield Forgemasters. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2021. "History: ... 20th century". Sheffield Forgemasters. Archived from the original on 11 May 2016. Retrieved 1 April 2021. Tomlinson, Heather (5 ...
"History: 19th century". Sheffield Forgemasters International. Archived from the original on 23 August 2010. Retrieved 26 August ... is located on the site of a 19th-century iron foundry and showcases the city's history of steel manufacturing and includes a ... In the 19th century, the city saw a huge expansion of its traditional cutlery trade, when stainless steel and crucible steel ... The population of the town grew rapidly throughout the 19th century; increasing from 60,095 in 1801 to 451,195 by 1901. The ...
"Nether Stowey Lock-up". 19th Century Prison History. Retrieved 24 December 2019. Historic England. "Alton (1374689)". National ... The majority of surviving village lock-ups date from the 18th and 19th centuries when rural communities struggled to police ... 1908). "Parishes: Barton in the Clay". A History of the County of Bedford. 2. London: Victoria County History. pp. 308-313. ... "Wirksworth County Lock Up House". Prison History. Retrieved 15 March 2020. "The History". Wirksworth: The Old Lockup B&B. ...
ISBN 0-7432-2722-0. "19th Century Baseball History". geocities.com. Archived from the original on 2009-10-20. Retrieved 2008-06 ... which was large by 19th-century standards. Recognized as the first great slugger in baseball history, and among the greatest ... He led the league in batting average five times, the most by a 19th-century player, and his career .342 batting average still ... He is tied with Mike Tiernan for fourth among 19th-century home run hitters with a total of 106, behind Roger Connor (138), Sam ...
Armstrong (1998), p. 37 Keogh, Daire (Summer 1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th - 19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 ... In the best era of his country's history a soldier in her cause, and in the worst of times, still faithful to it: ever true to ... On winter evenings his master would make him sit "while he read in the Histories of Greece and Rome, and also Ireland, Scotland ... Bardon, Jonathan (1982). Belfast: An Illustrated History. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 60. ISBN 0856402729. Commentary by ...
"River Police Station, Newcastle". 19th Century Prison History. Retrieved 3 May 2021. "Tyne and Wear Archives Service Catalogue ... Ward's Directory of Newcastle-on-Tyne, 1910 "British Police History". british-police-history.uk. Retrieved 29 April 2021. ...
Inventing the 19th Century. London: British Library. pp. 82-3. ISBN 0-7123-0881-4. "William IV (1765-1837)". History. BBC. ... The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 261-263. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. Met Office, Hadley Center ranked ... ISBN 0-14-102715-0. "History of the Church in the British Isles". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 2013. ... Thomas Carlyle's book The French Revolution: A History. Charles Dickens' novel Oliver Twist appears in serial form in Bentley's ...
"Mary Ann McClintock". History of American Women Colonial Women , 18th Century Women , 19th Century Women. History of American ... "Modern History Sourcebook: The Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls Conference, 1848". Fordham. Paul Halsall. 1998. ... List of suffragists and suffragettes M'Clintock House Women's Rights National Historical Park "Mary Ann McClintock". History of ...
19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Coigly, James (1798). The life ... Smyth, Jim (1998). The Men of No Property, Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century. London: ... Yet Coigly was written out of the general narrative history of 1798. For the centenary of the rebellion pilgrimages were ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) van Dulken, Stephen (2001). Inventing the 19th Century. London: British Library. pp. 82 ... ISBN 0-471-24410-4. Stokstad, Marilyn; Cateforis, David; Addiss, Stephen (2005). Art History (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, New ... ISBN 0-14-102715-0. Ferry, Kathryn (2003). "Printing the Alhambra: Owen Jones and Chromolithography". Architectural History. 46 ...
"Penal System in 19th Century England". PrisonHistory.org. 19th Century Prison History. American Revolutionary War portal ... New York Debtors' Gaol 18th Century Debtors' Prisons Notable Colonists and Debt Dilemmas "Debt Imprisonment Abolishment Act of ... DePuy, LeRoy Beck (April 1951). "The Walnut Street Prison: Pennsylvania's First Penitentiary". Pennsylvania History, Quarterly ...
Keogh, Dáire (1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th-19th - Century History. 6 (2). Retrieved 10 November 2020. Davis, Michael (2008 ... Female Epistolarity and Late Eighteenth-Century Irish Radicalism". Women's History Review. 13 (1): 660. doi:10.1080/ ... Burns, Alan (1965). History of the British West Indies (Second ed.). New York: Allen & Unwin. p. 541. ISBN 9780849019890. ... Linebaugh, Peter; Rediker, Marcus (2000). The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the ...
The interior contains many 19th century fittings and adornments, including an 1896 fresco on the east wall, which is a copy of ... "Church History and Tour". Little Gaddesden Parish Church. Retrieved 24 June 2019. "Hudnall Lane, Little Gaddesden, [Bucks > ... Ashridge House served the Egerton family as a residence until the 19th century. The Egertons later had a family chapel (the ... 19th century". www.hertfordshire-genealogy.co.uk. Retrieved 14 October 2018. Historic England, "Lady Marian Alford Memorial on ...
"Late 19th century history". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2013-05-22. "Early 20th century history". yfd. ... "1960s to 1970s history". Archived from the original on 2016-01-30. Retrieved 2013-05-22. "1980s history". yfd.org. Archived ... "1990s history". yfd.org. Archived from the original on 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2013-05-22. "City of Yonkers : YFD Command Staff ...
Inkerman Barracks "Woking Male Prison". 19th Century Prison History. Retrieved 5 October 2019. Parker, Michael (2007). Dynamic ... Woking Convict Invalid Prison was constructed in mid-19th-century England, primarily to hold male invalid convicts who ... "William Strahan - The Institutional History Society". Retrieved 5 October 2019. "The London Necropolis & National Mausoleum ... "Woking Invalid Convict Prison Inmates 1859-60 - The Institutional History Society". Retrieved 5 October 2019. "Register , ...
19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 November 2020. Hansard, T.C. (1818). The Parliamentary History of England. Vol. XXXI ... The LCS is credited with influencing the popular agitation that contributed to the 19th century Reform Parliamentary Bills. ... www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol5/vi-xxviii [accessed 8 December 2020] Introduction , British history online ... In the last decades of the eighteenth century the percolation of Enlightenment thinking and the dramas of American independence ...
ISBN 0-9528631-1-1. "History - The 19th Century". Lichfield Cathedral. Retrieved 22 September 2011. Luxford, Julian M (2000). " ... After some structural work early in the 19th century by James Wyatt, the ornate west front (pictured above) was restored by Sir ... At Lichfield Cathedral, the 18th century had been a period of decay: the 15th-century library was pulled down, most of the ... and rebuilding of Church of England churches and cathedrals that took place in England and Wales during the 19th-century reign ...
Keogh, Daire (Summer 1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th - 19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 November 2020. McNeill (1960 ... An Illustrated History. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 54. ISBN 0856402729. McNeill, Mary (1960). The Life and Times of Mary Ann ...
By the end of the 19th century, teams began the practice of having two different uniforms, one for when they played at home in ... "Celebrating the rich history of baseball caps". mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved June 29, 2008. "The history of the baseball uniform at ... "American Association (19th Century)". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 14, 2013. "1890 Players' League". Baseball- ... "History Files - Chicago Black Sox: The Fix". Chicago History Museum. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved ...
19th Century English Literature: 1930. Clarence Kennedy, Deceased. Fine Arts Research: 1930. Ruth Wedgwood Kennedy, Deceased. ... German & East European History: 1930. Edward Lee Howes, Deceased. Medicine: 1930, 1931. Helen Rose Hull, Deceased. Fiction: ... 16th & 17th Century English Literature: 1930. Thomas Temple Hoopes, Deceased. Fine Arts Research: 1930. Bryn Jakob Hovde, ... British History: 1930. Mark Wessel (musician), Deceased. Music Composition: 1930, 1932. Francis R. White, Deceased. Fine Arts: ...
History of Lincolnshire Committee. Henthorn, Frank (1987). History of 19th Century Brigg. Spiegl. Cox, J. Charles (1916) ... The History of Catholicism in Brigg and District. Holmes, Clive (1980). Seventeenth-Century Lincolnshire. ... ISBN 0-86299-430-6. "Brigg Market Town: History". Archived from the original on 12 October 2010. Plea Rolls of the Court of ... Leahy, Kevin (2010). The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of Lindsey (2nd ed.). History Press. "This is Scunthorpe: £60,000 scheme to cut ...
19th century. Serhiy Vasylkivsky, Cossacks in the steppe, Oil on canvas. 1900s. "Національний художній музей України - History ... Saint George, 12th century Pokrova, 12-13th century Passion of Jesus, 16th century Aleksandra Ekster, Three women's figures. ... The age of the 19th century art, when St. Petersburg Academy of Arts was the trendsetter, opens with works of the famous ... 2004 - following publications were issued „Ukrainian Painting of 19th - early 20th century" „Ukrainian Icon Painting of 12th - ...
19th Century Fishing Lures. Paducah, Kentucky: Collector Books, Schroeder Publishing Co., 2000. "History of the fishing lure". ... The number and variety of artificial baits increased dramatically in the mid to late 19th century. The first production lures ... came on the market in the last half of the 19th century. The makers included Julio T. Buel, Riley Haskell, W. D. Chapman and ... Nordic people have been making spoon lures from the 8th-13th century AD. Most of the lures are made from iron, bronze, copper, ...
"History of 19th Century Photography". www.phototree.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06. Duggan, Bob. "How Photography Changed Painting ( ... The relatively low cost of the daguerreotype in the middle of the 19th century and the reduced sitting time for the subject, ... candid photography has given the world important images of people in various situations and places over the last century. The ...
Trumpet method books of the 19th century. (List at archive.org) Ginsburg, Lev. History of the violoncello. Neptune City, New ... The history and development of the nineteenth-century cornet. 2000. (Chapter 5: Tutors) Spaniol, Doug. "A history of the ... 19th century) Nelson, Kayla. "hornhistory.com". 2007. (Website) Rosen, Lawrence, Ed. CD Sheet Music. Verona, NJ: Subito Music, ... Romberg and the history of the violoncello. (Article) Westphal, Frederick. Guide to teaching woodwinds. Sacramento, CA: McGraw- ...
"Tyamko 19th century". Metropolitan Museum of Art. made of wood, copper or earthenware according to regional taste...Western ... General histories of musical instruments, such as History of Musical Instruments by Kurt Sachs, have little to say directly ... imported from Persia, preserved its Persian name surnā in North India...sānāyī "Śahanāī 19th century". Metropolitan Museum of ... "Images from the Beede Gallery: Lute (Tungna), Nepal, 19th Century". National Music Museum. University of South Dakota. Archived ...
The proper selection process of the breed began only in the latter 19th century. They were shown now and then, sometimes in one ... History[edit]. Irish Terrier circa 1915. The breed's origin is not known. It is believed to have descended from the black and ... this happened just before the end of the 19th century. The first Irish Terriers were taken to the US in the late nineteenth ... century and quickly became somewhat popular.. There used to be big influential kennels in Ireland, the Great Britain and US up ...
Main article: 18th-century history of Germany. Prussia and AustriaEdit. Further information: Austria-Prussia rivalry, Kingdom ... Germanization of these lands was a complex phenomenon that should not be interpreted in the biased terms of 19th-century ... had existed in earlier centuries of the Empire's history. During this time, the concept of "reform" emerged, in the original ... Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes. Yale University Press.. *. Lauryssens, Stan (1999). The Man Who Invented the Third ...
History[edit]. Early 19th century workplace militancy manifested in the Luddite riots, when unemployed workers destroyed labour ... "From labour history to the history of industrial relations." Economic History Review 40.2 (1987): 159-184. Historiography ... A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889 (1964); A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889: vol. 2 1911-1933. (1985); A ... Beginning in the mid-19th century, they today have a large impact on the nature of employment and workers' rights in many of ...
The earliest known story states that in the 19th century, Puerto Rican pirate Roberto Cofresí, to boost his crew's morale, gave ... "History of Caribe Hilton". Retrieved 8 November 2018.. *^ Marcus, Lilit (2 May 2019). "Celebrating the piña colada's birthplace ...
Command history[edit]. Edwin V. Sumner March 13, 1862 - October 7, 1862 ... For the II Corps of the United States Army during the 20th - 21st Centuries, see II Corps (United States). ... 19th Army Corps. *20th Army Corps. *21st Army Corps. *22d Army Corps ... At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House the II Corps again attained a glorious place in history by Hancock's brilliant and ...
"They told me if I took 1000 pills at night I should be quite another thing in the morning", an early 19th-century satire on ... History. Main article: History of alternative medicine. The history of alternative medicine may refer to the history of a group ... a b c d Quack Medicine: A History of Combating Health Fraud in Twentieth-Century America, Eric W. Boyle, [1] ... a b c d Countercultural Healing: A brief History of Alternavie Medicine in America, James Whorton, PBS, November 4, 2003, [2] ...
Other European artists, such as James Alden and William Hind, journeyed to Alberta in the mid-19th century and produced ... "History of the Silver Inn Restaurant - Peking-Style Chinese food in Calgary". www.silverinnrestaurant.com. Retrieved 2019-03-23 ... Despite her short history, the province possesses a rich culture. The vastness of the land and variation of geography - which ... "Exploring Edmonton's beer history with Brew Curious , Vue Weekly". Retrieved 2019-03-24.. ...
It became a shipping port for produce[3] and grain[4] in the mid 19th century. ... Smith County Historical Society (Kan.). History of Washington Township : story of Benjamin B. Barrett. p. 119. OCLC 54348572.. ... "Drivers pass through history on Fremont roads". East Bay Times. 2006-09-08. Retrieved 2020-01-04.. ...
This style was called the "Grecian braid" in the 19th century.[7] ... Black Women in History. books.google.com.. *^ "Braid Guide with ... History[edit]. See also: Braid. The oldest known recordings are from North Africa. It was also depicted in art from early Greek ...
Modern age and the Hindu Renaissance in the 19th CenturyEdit. Many Hindu reform movements originated in the nineteenth century ... Skinner, Debra; Pach III, Alfred; Holland, Dorothy (1998). Selves in Time and Place: Identities, Experience, and History in ... Another 19th-century Hindu reformer was Swami Vivekananda. Vivekananda as a student was educated in contemporary Western ... 4 Modern age and the Hindu Renaissance in the 19th Century *4.1 Brahmo Samaj ...
... which were created and developed in Cuban popular music from the mid-19th to the mid-20th centuries. In Popular Cuban Music, ... BBC World Service - Special Reports - A Short History of Five Notes. Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title ... Garrett, Charles Hiroshi (2008). Struggling to Define a Nation: American Music and the Twentieth Century, p.54. ISBN 978-0-520- ... During the nineteenth century, African music and European music sensibilities were blended in original Cuban hybrids. Cuban ...
In the 19th century the Polish professor Ignacy Pietraszewski reconstructed from Avestan language the books of Avesta and ... History and origin[edit]. Ancient roots[edit]. Although it is not clear whether Proto-Indo-Iranians celebrated a feast as the ... Since the extinction during the 19th century, Nowruz is not celebrated by Armenians and is not a public holiday in Armenia. ... a b A History of Zoroastrianism: Under the Achaemenians By Mary Boyce, Frantz Grenet Published by BRILL, 1982 ISBN 90-04-06506- ...
... especially of the 19th and early 20th centuries. ... History of the violin. Luthiers. Musical styles. Violin making ... This technique was especially important among nineteenth-century virtuosi, particularly Paganini.[5] ...
... pneumoniae was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century, and is the subject of many humoral immunity ... History[edit]. In 1881, the organism, known later in 1886 as the pneumococcus[7] for its role as a cause of pneumonia, was ...
... it can be a scandal comparable to the Corrupt Bargains of the 19th Century. I think that this is a developing story that can ... Pinochet is such a notable figure in history (My POV?) that I might be bold and post his death on ITN, anyway. --PFHLai 18:36, ... eg, Don Bradman set a record of 6 centuries in a calendar year (in the 1930s when there were 5-7 matches a year) and in 2006, ... Thought I should add that I like the election bit a tad more because of its potential as a milestone event in the history of a ...
... appeared in the 17th century through 19th century, meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia.[32 ... The period from the 16th century to the early 19th century, when Galician had little literary-and no legal-use, is considered ... During the 19th century a thriving literature developed, in what was called the Rexurdimento (Resurgence), of the Galician ... a liberal and anticlerical author whose ideas and proclamations were scandalous for part of the 19th-century society. ...
During the standardization of Bengali in the 19th century and early 20th century, the cultural center of Bengal was in the city ... "History of Bengali (Banglar itihash)". Bengal Telecommunication and Electric Company. Retrieved 2006-11-20.. ... This form came into vogue towards the turn of the 19th century, promoted by the writings of Peary Chand Mitra (Alaler Gharer ... The modern literary form of Bengali was developed during the 19th and early 20th centuries based on the dialect spoken in the ...
... was a 19th-century French writer. Best known for the novels Le Rouge et le Noir (The Red and the Black, 1830) and La Chartreuse ... The only book that Stendhal published under his own name was The History of Painting (1817). From the publication of Rome, ... The pronunciation [stɑ̃dal] is less common in France today, but was presumably the most common one in 19th-century France and ... with whom he maintained a steady correspondence throughout the first decade of the 19th century. ...
History. *Principal leaders. Constitution. *Admission Oath (Article 6). Organization. *National Party Congress (19th) *Central ... Tselichtchev, Ivan (2011-12-27). China Versus the West: The Global Power Shift of the 21st Century. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978 ... Committee (19th) General Secretary (list) Xi Jinping. *Central Politburo (19th) Standing Committee (list) ... CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection (19th) Secretary: Zhao Leji. Deputy Secretaries *Yang Xiaodu ...
Anarchist Peter Sabatini reports that in the United States "of early to mid-19th century, there appeared an array of communal ... Socialist Thought: A Documentary History. Garden City, New York: Doubleday Anchor.. *G.D.H. Cole. 1965, 2003. History of ... Edmund Wilson, To the Finland Station: A Study in the Writing and Acting of History, Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1940. LCCN 40- ... One Hundred Years of Socialism: The West European Left in the Twentieth Century. New Press. 1998. ISBN 1-56584-486-6. ...
HistoryEdit. In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural ... Used in Europe for winter and early spring harvest, this was developed in France in the 19th century, and includes the old ... A tropical cauliflower used in China and India, it was developed in India during the 19th century from the now-abandoned ... 1949). "XXXV". Pliny's Natural History. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2015.. ...
Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.. *^ Ulrich Ammon, Hans Bickel, Jakob Ebner, et al.: ... a b Standard German, High German, Standard High German at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016) ... the written language of the chancery of Saxony-Wittenberg rose in importance in the course of the 17th century, and the 1665 ... Umgangssprachen and in the territory of Germany began to replace the traditional dialects beginning in the nineteenth century. ...
Beeswing (1833-1854) was a 19th-century British Thoroughbred racehorse from the north of England. In her day, Beeswing was ... Story of Beeswing at The Northern Echo's History Pages (Newsquest Media Group - A Gannett Company) ...
Painted 19th century Tibetan mandala of the Naropa tradition, Vajrayogini stands in the center of two crossed red triangles, ... a b K. Mills, W. B. Taylor & S. L. Graham (eds), Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History, 'The Aztec Stone of the Five ... Painted Bhutanese Medicine Buddha mandala with the goddess Prajnaparamita in center, 19th century, Rubin Museum of Art ... written between 4th century BCE and 2nd century BCE). It describes circles of friendly and enemy states surrounding the king's ...
Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot)[123] ... Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ... "St George's Chapel , History , Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved ...
... the 19th century Sritattvanidhi uses the name Śīrṣāsana as well as Kapālāsana.[6] The Malla Purana, a 13th-century manual for ... A History of Modern Yoga. *2005 Positioning Yoga. *2010 Yoga Body. *The Subtle Body ... while the 18th century Joga Pradīpikā calls it Kapālī āsana, head posture; it is number 17 of the set of 84 asanas described ... Hemacandra's 11th century Yogaśāstra names it Duryodhanāsana ("Duryodhana's pose") or Kapālīkarana ("head technique"),[5] ...
The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a revolution in transportation with the invention of the airplane and automobile. ... History. Main articles: History of technology, Timeline of historic inventions, and Timeline of electrical and electronic ... "History World. Retrieved 13 February 2007.. *^ James, Steven R. (February 1989). "Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle ... 2000). Visions of Technology: A Century of Vital Debate about Machines, Systems, and the Human World. Simon & Schuster, ISBN ...
History[edit]. 19th century[edit]. The Oxford English Dictionary says the term was used by the London press as a synonym for ... Early 20th century[edit]. The 1919 New Teachers' and Pupils' Cyclopaedia entry for Woodrow Wilson states that "In 1912, Wilson ... Late 20th century[edit]. The noun-as-adjective has been used by Republican leaders since the 1940s, and in most GOP national ... Early 21st century[edit]. Following his inauguration in 2001, President George W. Bush often used the noun-as-adjective when ...
This claim was widely disbelieved until the 19th century. It was described in 1829 by the French zoologist Georges Cuvier, who ... Fossil history and phylogeny. Cephalopods have existed for 500 million years and octopus ancestors were in the Carboniferous ... Chambers 21st Century Dictionary Archived 24 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine. (retrieved 19 October 2007 ) ... "A Broad Brush History of the Cephalopoda". The Cephalopod Group. Retrieved 27 March 2017.. ...
The work of both writers was widely disseminated throughout Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.[9] ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan. I. p. 187.. *^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1781). "Bereiding van de Sacki" ("Production ... History[edit]. The origin of sake is unclear, the earliest reference to the use of alcohol in Japan is recorded in the Book of ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan: Together with a Description of the Kingdom of Siam, 1690-92, Vol I. Vol II. ...
This Bibliography covers sources for Royal Navy history through the 18th and 19th centuries. Some sources may be duplicated in ... of early warships of the English navy List of ships captured in the 18th century List of ships captured in the 19th century ... The naval history of Great Britain (1797-1800). 2 (New six volume ed.). London: Macmillan. 1902. The naval history of Great ... The naval history of Great Britain (1805-1809). 4 (New six volume ed.). London: Macmillan. 1902. The naval history of Great ...
Reader, Roehampton, History Programme. Research interests: Gender history; history of sexuality; oral history; histories of ... of History, Warwick, Department of History. Research interests: Race, history and national identity in 19th c. Spanish America ... History, Manchester Metropolitan, Department of History and Economic History. Research interests: 19th and 20th c. British and ... Research interests: 19th and 20th c. Chinese history; ethnic conflict; economic history; agricultural history; intellectual ...
Lecturer in History, Northampton, Division of History. Research interests: 18th and 19th c. Britain; gender; cultural history. ... of History, Warwick, Department of History. Research interests: History of modern S. Asia, esp. social histories of labour and ... History, Nottingham, Department of History. Research interests: Modern German history; comparative history of de- ... Research interests: 19th-20th c. diplomatic history. Teacher Dr. Charlotte Alston. Sen. Lecturer in History, Northumbria, ...
Students will look at decorations and details of a late 19th century cabinet and imagine the life and times of the family who ... Students will look at decorations and details of a late 19th century cabinet and imagine the life and times of the family who ... Timeline of the United States during the late 19th century. *Information about the mythical figures found on the cabinet (refer ... understand the values and tastes of late 19th century American society;. *research primary documents and other resources that ...
The trend in the three centuries represented below is a general movement from royal and religious processions toward military ... This is the second of a two-part series on the history of the trombone in processions. For the first hub, see here. ... Trombone History: The Trombone in Parades, 17th-19th Centuries. Updated on January 16, 2017 ... More Trombone History Hubs. *Trombone History: The Trombone in Parades, 15th and 16th Centuries. 76 trombones led the big ...
Showing 1 - 2 results of 2 for search Women Great Britain History 19th century Skip to content History 19th century, query time: 1.80s ... History 2 Social conditions 2 Women more ... 1 Aufsatzsammlung 1 Discours, essais, conférences 1 Feminism 1 Féminisme 1 ... 19th century 1 1800-1899 1 1800-1901 1 Geschichte 1800-1899 1 Geschichte 1800-1900 more ... 1 Geschichte 1815-1914 1 Geschichte ...
Showing 1 - 1 results of 1 for search Women Great Britain History 19th century Skip to content History 19th century, query time: 0.16s ...
Historian Sally Asher, who lectures Oct 10, is one of the first scholars to dig into its dramatic history. ... which published weekly in New Orleans in the late 19th century, were plagued by lawsuits, assaults and duels. ... Salacious history of a 19th-century local paper is subject of talk, performance Wednesday. Updated October 10, 2012 at 12:06 AM ... in 19th-century costume.. Refreshments will be provided by the Cake Café, NOLA Brewing Company and the bar Pravda, which ...
The Nation We Build TogetherWomens HistoryFood HistoryLatino HistoryInnovationReligion in AmericaSee all topics.... ... 19th-20th century Physical Description. whale tooth (overall material) Measurements. overall: 5 1/2 in x 2 7/8 in x 1 3/4 in; ... Scrimshaw Sperm Whale Tooth, 19th-20th Centuries a" data-cycle-caption="#nmah-edan-caption" data-cycle-auto-height="container" ... Connect to History. O Say Can You See? BlogDigital and Social MediaMonthly NewsletterThis Day in History. Facebook. Twitter. ...
Calhoun, Craig (2001) Public sphere: 19th and 20th century history. In: Smelser, N. J. and Wright, James and Baltes, P. B., ( ...
18th- and 19th-century U.S.; political, legal, social, and constitutional history ... Assistant Professor of History Twentieth-century US and Latin America, transnational history, capitalism and political economy ... Roy F. and Jeannette P. Nichols Professor of American History 20th century U.S.; women, gender, and sexuality; cultural history ... Assistant Professor of History Twentieth-century U.S.; political; capitalism, business and political economy; urban and ...
Scrimshaw Sperm Whale Tooth, 19th or 20th Century Scrimshaw Sperm Whale Tooth, 19th or 20th Century. a" data-cycle-caption="# ... American CultureThe Nation We Build TogetherInnovationFood HistoryWomens HistoryLatino HistorySee all topics.... ... 19th - 20th century Physical Description. whale tooth (overall material) Measurements. overall: 4 in x 1 5/8 in x 1 1/4 in; ... Connect to History. O Say Can You See? BlogDigital and Social MediaMonthly NewsletterThis Day in History. Facebook. Twitter. ...
SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR ... SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. SKIRMISHERS OF 19TH CENTURY AND AMERICAN CIVIL WAR ... History] Skirmishers of 19th Century and American Civil War Author: Minas Moth. Original Thread: American Civil War - Research& ... our point of interest are 19th Century skirmishers that were used in American Civil War period. In the 18th Century, ...
Intellectual history of 19th-century Maharashtra (9781138929722) by Hulas Singh and a great selection of similar New, Used and ... Rise of Reason: Intellectual history of 19th-century Maharashtra ISBN 13: 9781138929722. ... 3. Rise of Reason: Intellectual history of 19th-century Maharashtra (Hardback) Hulas Singh ... 8. Rise of Reason: Intellectual history of 19th-century Maharashtra (Hardback) Hulas Singh ...
Research Resources Home > History > 18th and 19th Century History > Showing all 3 18th and 19th Century History resources with ... 18th and 19th Century History Resources with Legislative & Congressional Information. Now Showing: All Resources (A-Z). All ... An incomparably rich collection of primary source material on all aspects of American history originating from Congress and ... Cross-searches subscribed Readex collections reflecting the history of the United States through its congressional publications ...
Children in History: The 19th Century. Figure 1.--John Joseph Klem, often refered to as Johnny Clem, was probably the most ... Part of the history of aviation takes place in Scarborough, Yorkshire during the 19th century. The theory of flight was worked ... Second, one of the arguments used by racists in the late 19th and 20th centuries was that black men were near savages and had ... The book about the early 19th Century Rugby School was written in 1858 by Thomas Hughes. He was the first author to write a ...
... a living history practitioner who is the Collection Manager at the Chicago History Museum. S... ... Fashions of the 19th Century at GE History Center. This event occurred in the past.. ... She will be sharing information about mid-19th century fashion and reproductions as well as undergarments will be on display. ... a living history practitioner who is the Collection Manager at the Chicago History Museum. ...
This website is maintained by the Department of History and Civilization and the Library of the European University Institute ...
Theos History of the 19th Century. Posted on February 26, 2014 by Dave Pollard ... Its 1899, the close of the 19th century, and Im 64. This is a brief history of my family and my people, the brave settlers - ... 1 Response to Theos History of the 19th Century * leeroy @ GNN. says: ... In the early 19th century farms were subsistence - little trade was done with other regions or even neighbours, other than in ...
19 th Century European History. By Kassi , Clare, Kendall. Unit I : The Late Middle Ages, The Renaissance, The Reformation. ... how did european psychologists affect life in europe from the 19th century to the 20th century?. origin of psychology. ... IB History 2: 20 th Century World History -. the year in review …. the 20 th century. the 20th century of the common era began ... anaximander 6th century bc empedocles 5th century bc plato 4th century bc aristotle 4th century bc pliny the elder 1st century ...
This website is maintained by the Department of History and Civilization and the Library of the European University Institute ...
16th-19th Centuries, March 16-May 11, 1986, held at the Dallas Museum of Art. ... Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries [Photograph DMA_1382-02] One of 12 photographs in the series: Life ... Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries [Exhibition Photographs] (Collection) Photographs of the exhibition ... Dallas Museum of Art. Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries [Photograph DMA_1382-02], photograph, 1986; ( ...
Understanding the history of pain can help practitioners and researchers grasp the nature of pain, and demonstrate how the pain ... 1 we covered the history of pain spanning the 17th and 18th centuries. ... Bridging the 19th and 20th Centuries: Pain Stimulus. Alfred Goldscheider. Toward the end of the 19th century, and the beginning ... Middle of the 19th Century. In the middle of the 19th century, there was a debate over whether pain could be avoided or ...
History Happy Hour: Pitchforks to Chairs 18th and 19th Century Woodworking Tools ... be speaking about 18th and 19th century woodworking tools and techniques and the utilitarian items they produced at History ... History Happy Hour is a collaborative program that features speakers and researchers from various local organizations, museums ... For more information on the Chester Inn Museum, History Happy Hour, or the Heritage Alliance please call our office at 423.753. ...
Bridging the 19th and 20th Centuries: Pain Stimulus. Alfred Goldscheider. Toward the end of the 19th century, and the beginning ... Middle of the 19th Century. In the middle of the 19th century, there was a debate over whether pain could be avoided or ... Advances in the 19th Century: Pain Receptors. Scientific forces that had been building in the 18th century carried over to the ... History of Pain: A Brief Overview of the 19th and 20th Centuries. ...
future download the routledge companion to britain in the 19th century routledge companions, molar), 269-278. clonal ... 5th Century Greek History Florence of Worcester, Chronicle. Endemic download the routledge companion to britain in the 19th ... But as I had it has a download the routledge companion to britain in the 19th century routledge companions to history ... 25; of the download the routledge companion to britain in the 19th century routledge companions to history have not keep. Over ...
American history, 19th century, Trent Affair or Mason and Slidell Affair in 1861, the ship USS San Jacinto stopping the British ... Stock Photo: Historical scene, US_American history, 19th century, Trent Affair or Mason and Slidell Affair in 1861, the ship ...
... scene from the history of France, the French fleet off the coast of Cochinchina, Vietnam and Cambodia, former French colonies, ... Stock Photo: Historic drawing, 19th century, scene from the history of France, the French fleet off the coast of Cochinchina, ...
A Permanent Exhibit on the History of American Manufacture in the 19th Century ... and social conditions interacted to produce changes in the process of American manufacture in the 19th century, and how those ...
See all History resources ». Related discussions on The Student Room. *History - Medicine through time HELP meeee » ... History Since the Renaissance to the 21st Century Overview-Medical Knowledge/Prevention and Treatment ... Home > GCSE > History > 19th and 20th Century Medicine 19th and 20th Century Medicine. . ...
  • History of the Jews in Poland History of the Jews in Poland before the 18th century History of the Jews in 18th-century Poland History of the Jews in 19th-century Poland History of the Jews in 20th-century Poland Jewish-Polish history (1989-present) Hasidic Judaism in Poland Timeline of Jewish-Polish history Polin Dubnow, Simon (2000). (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 18th Century, development in gunpowder weapons enabled introduction of skirmishers armed with muskets. (twcenter.net)
  • In 18th Century two conflicts were of paramount importance for development of skirmishing branch of infantry. (twcenter.net)
  • Scientific forces that had been building in the 18th century carried over to the 19th century, which saw an increased number of breakthroughs in the understanding of pain mechanisms and therapeutic innovations. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • In the beginning of the 18th century the Spanish monarchy went over from the Austrians to the house of Bourbon. (evangelie-in-spanje.nl)
  • Jews first settled in the Canadian territory in the late 18th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • The 18th century agricultural revolution led to an increase in food production. (cram.com)
  • Between 1951 and 1976, the Gallery acquired an outstanding group of English 18th - century portraits, including works by three of the leading painters of the age: William Hogarth, Thomas Gainsborough and Joshua Reynolds. (blogspot.com)
  • The extraordinary donation by James Fairfax AC during the 1990s significantly enriched the Gallery's holdings of European old masters, particularly in the area of 18th - century French and Italian art such as the works by Nicolas de Largillierre and Canaletto. (blogspot.com)
  • Victims of late 18th century and early 19th century yellow fever outbreaks were buried there and criminals were hanged at the public gallows at the north end of the field. (wikidot.com)
  • Throughout the 18th century, many people noticed that the supply of blood to the thyroid was excessive in comparison to other areas of the body. (news-medical.net)
  • It emerged as an approach in the 18th century and was primarily used during the 19th century. (avsabonline.org)
  • A renaissance of the art form occurred in the 18th century when artists would trace the distinguished profiles of the Lords and Ladies at royal balls. (hhhistory.com)
  • It's 1899, the close of the 19th century, and I'm 64. (howtosavetheworld.ca)
  • A history of the French novel (to the close of the 19th century) by Saintsbury, George, 1845-1933 Free Download. (onread.com)
  • Richard Haw is a professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY, and the author of the newly released Engineering America: The Life and Times of John A. Roebling (Oxford UP), as well as The Brooklyn Bridge: A Cultural History and Art of the Brooklyn Bridge: A Visual History . (hnn.us)
  • Among all the various figures in 19th century America who left controversial legacies, it is hard to find one as influential as Joseph Smith (1805-1844), the founder of the The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Mormonism, and the Latter-Day Saint movement. (freado.com)
  • Locating Joseph Smith in history is to look for the "mess" of early America and find him standing in the middle, trying to make sense of the "native pandemonium" that gripped the nation in its formative years. (freado.com)
  • Throughout their history, the countries of Central America have attempted several forms of political and economic integration. (oxfordre.com)
  • Marriage meant, for women in the early half of the century and only somewhat less in the later half, an economic enslavement: until 1848 in America, and about that time or later in other countries, married women had few rights to property. (thoughtco.com)
  • Through history, occasionally Christian religious groups have developed explicit theories antagonistic to marriage, some teaching sexual celibacy, including the Shakers in America, and some teaching sexual activity outside of legal or religious permanent marriage, including the Brethren of the Free Spirit in the 12th century in Europe. (thoughtco.com)
  • Theater in Argentina and Uruguay, which together compose the Plata river region of Latin America, has been a predominant form of entertainment since the 19th century. (oxfordre.com)
  • Research interests: Social and cultural history of medicine in 19th c. (history.ac.uk)
  • Life at Court: Art for India's Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries available on this site. (unt.edu)
  • Photograph of the exhibition 'Life at Court: Art for India's Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries,' March 16-May 11, 1986, held at the Dallas Museum of Art. (unt.edu)
  • The Wellcome Collection holds a collection of domestic medicinal and culinary recipe manuscripts dating from the 16th - 19th centuries . (bl.uk)
  • In the 16th century, the line between magic and medicine was thin, and this gorgeous device was used to determine the best times to treat patients with purges, bleedings, and baths. (atlasobscura.com)
  • John Dee was one of the best known magicians of the 16th century, and it's said he used this crystal to tell the future and cure disease. (atlasobscura.com)
  • A look at how Habsburg visions and constructions of identity were reflected in the arts in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, and how the history of the Habsburg Empire was "reconfigured" after 1918. (lse.ac.uk)
  • And Roebling's terms were the nineteenth century, not the early twenty first. (hnn.us)
  • The next video in this series will be about the early 20th century when science fiction really kicks off and should be up next Wednesday. (johnshirley.net)
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  • The village s large, modern museum has exhibits about local history, the agriculture industry, the Great Black Swamp, early explorers and the Native Americans who first lived in the area. (chillicothenews.com)
  • Its specific colonial past and singular evolution in the early American period account for its complex status in the 19th-century United States. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
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  • Mass transit-streetcars, elevated and commuter rail, subways, buses, ferries, and other transportation vehicles serving large numbers of passengers and operating on fixed routes and schedules-has been part of the urban scene in the United States since the early 19th century. (oxfordre.com)
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  • 2 These two sparsely populated rural-suburban communities saw rapid expansion in the early 19th century. (wikidot.com)
  • These early years saw a phenomenon that would repeat itself throughout New York City's history - the wealthy lobbying against the encroachment of elements they thought would harm their neighborhood and land values. (wikidot.com)
  • 10 That land, along with farms owned by the Bleecker, Herring and Dyckman families, were gradually parceled out in the early 19th century and became Greenwich Village. (wikidot.com)
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  • The concept Abolitionists -- United States -- History -- 19th century represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Sara Hightower Regional Library . (library.link)
  • Part of the Blackwell Histories of Literature series, the book describes the development of the Victorian literary movement and places it within its cultural, social and political context. (wiley.com)
  • Access to the complete content on Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History requires a subscription or purchase. (oxfordre.com)
  • Incorporating a broad range of contemporary scholarship, A History of Victorian Literature presents an overview of the literature produced in Great Britain between 1830 and 1900, with fresh consideration of both major figures and some of the era's less familiar authors. (wiley.com)
  • In the 19th century, including the Victorian era, it usually meant the ability to freely choose a monogamous sexual partner and to freely choose to end a marriage or relationship when love ended. (thoughtco.com)
  • In addition to regular issues of Viewpoint and the British Journal for the History of Science, and our active conference programme, membership benefits will shortly be expanded to include a dedicated members' area of the BSHS website. (bshs.org.uk)
  • To apply for the studentship, applicants need to apply directly to the University of Sheffield for entrance into the doctoral programme in History. (shef.ac.uk)
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  • As the 21st century approached, concern about environmental sustainability and urban revitalization stimulated renewed interest in the benefits of mass transit. (oxfordre.com)
  • The concept Alaska -- History -- 19th century -- Fiction represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in Moore Memorial Library . (greenenylibrary.org)
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  • In the mid-19th century life expectancy was higher for Pākehā in New Zealand than for people in Britain. (teara.govt.nz)
  • The essays of this volume are investigations of the theories of scientific method held by historically important and philosophically significant thinkers from the Renaissance through the 19th century. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • Many thinkers in the 19th century looked at the reality of marriage and especially its effects on women, and concluded that marriage was not much different from slavery or prostitution. (thoughtco.com)
  • He specialises in the intellectual history of nineteenth-century Maharashtra. (abebooks.com)
  • He had just begun the colossal New York and Brooklyn Bridge-one of the greatest engineering feats of the nineteenth century-when a random accident at the bridge site claimed his life. (hnn.us)
  • He combined advanced mathematics and physics with the eye of artist and a master craftsman to produce sublime artifacts of the industrial age, great icons of the nineteenth century. (hnn.us)
  • His views on medicine may strike us as misguided and delusional but the medical profession had barely entered its infancy by the mid-nineteenth century. (hnn.us)
  • Roebling's life and beliefs showcase a society struggling to reconcile the rising influence of science with the declining authority of faith and religion, a hallmark of the nineteenth century and a process we mistakenly regard in hindsight as linear. (hnn.us)
  • To support a traveling exhibition of seventeenth- to nineteenth-century Dutch tiles in an examination of Dutch decorative arts and the way in which they reflect the taste, values, beliefs, activities, and artistic production of thisperiod. (neh.gov)
  • the surprising and riveting account of the Minneapolis red-light district in the late nineteenth century and the powerful madams who ran it. (uminnpressblog.com)
  • The main centre of such manufacture was Wroclaw, although from mid-nineteenth century it was overtaken by Legnica. (edu.pl)
  • For example, the Poznan press from the first half of the nineteenth century contained information about a number of Wroclaw piano makers who used Polish-language periodicals to reach Polish customers with their advertising. (edu.pl)
  • Paul de Wit's address books provided data about companies from the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. (edu.pl)
  • Two Silesian music lexicons from the first half of the nineteenth century, containing short biographies of makers of musical instruments, proved to be a very valuable source of information. (edu.pl)
  • In the nineteenth century there was almost nothing a midwife or doctor could do to stop a post-birth haemorrhage and many women literally bled to death. (sahistoryhub.com.au)
  • Women are very susceptible to infection during and immediately after the process of childbirth, and puerperal or childbed fever was both common and much-feared in the nineteenth century. (sahistoryhub.com.au)
  • Receiving large contingents of migrants (free and forced) from the eastern part of the United States, the Caribbean (especially the "refugees" from the Haitian Revolution), Europe (France, in particular, throughout the first half of the 19th century), and Africa (until the closing of the Atlantic slave trade), it grew to 102,193 inhabitants by 1840, then becoming the third-largest city in the United States. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • The Ames Plantation includes the sites of several 19th century plantations. (amesplantation.org)
  • This is a brief history of my family and my people, the brave settlers - First Nations and European - who came to Toronto Township as farmers, fishers and hunter-gatherers, looking to carve a life together out of the wilderness in this new frontier. (howtosavetheworld.ca)
  • Throughout the eighty-five years of its colonial history, it remained a small frontier town, with a population of about 8,000 in 1805. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • The Glen Ellyn Historical Society welcomes Britta Keller Arendt, a living history practitioner who is the Collection Manager at the Chicago History Museum. (metromix.com)
  • Goiter is a health condition with a long-standing history, due to its visible symptoms and high prevalence in historical times. (news-medical.net)
  • This is the final installment of this series, and will review pain management practices from the 19th and 20th centuries. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • The British Library holds many manuscripts that offer insights into the practices of cookery and culinary tastes through the 19th and 20th centuries. (bl.uk)
  • GPs worked alone - group practices were a late-20th-century phenomenon. (teara.govt.nz)
  • Jewish Polish history during the 19th century: Official Russian policy would eventually prove to be substantially harsher to the Jews than that under independent Polish rule. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the late 19th century, over four million Jews would live in the Pale. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pogroms proved a turning point in the history of the Jews in Poland, and throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the Jews in the Pale were generally poorer and less educated than in other areas, they were still part of the debate over the future of Judaism in the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
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  • This model may represent the first step toward the concept of a "gate," which will be discussed in more detail in the findings of the 20th century. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
  • By returning to the medical discoveries of the Greeks and Romans concerning prosthetics, the Renaissance proved to be a rebirth in the history of prosthetics. (amputee-coalition.org)
  • Skirmishers are known from ancient times, however, our point of interest are 19th Century skirmishers that were used in American Civil War period. (twcenter.net)
  • Conclusion for such a statement comes from contemporary military observers from Europe who, when witnessing French and Indian War, War of Independence, 19th Century Indian Wars and Mexican War, made term American way of fighting. (twcenter.net)
  • An incomparably rich collection of primary source material on all aspects of American history originating from Congress and other federal agencies. (jmu.edu)
  • To support planning for a permanent exhibit exploring how entrepreneurship, in-ventiveness, workmanship, and social conditions interacted to produce changes in the process of American manufacture in the 19th century, and how those changes affected American life. (neh.gov)
  • When the 19th century closed, New Orleans became an American city of the segregated South and its Atlantic destiny ended. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • Transit history in American cities is rooted in different phases of urbanization, the rise of large corporate entities during the industrial era, the relationship between technology and society, and other broad themes within American history. (oxfordre.com)
  • In American history, many parties were named by their opponents ( Federalists , Loco-Focos , Know Nothings , Populists , Dixiecrats ), including the Democrats themselves, as the Federalists in the 1790s used Democratic Party as a term of ridicule. (wikipedia.org)
  • An unlikely collaboration between a Sheffield-based Americana band and Dr Andrew Heath from the Department has produced an album with a difference, inspired by 19th century American history. (shef.ac.uk)
  • After declaring independence in the 19th century, the region lacked its earlier cohesion vis-à-vis Spanish colonial governance. (oxfordre.com)
  • The Māori population plummeted in the mid-19th century and only started to recover in the 1890s. (teara.govt.nz)
  • The archaeology of 19th-century Virginia coarsewares / Kurt C. Russ. (worldcat.org)
  • Very few books, however, cover the history of New Orleans between its founding and the end of its Atlantic period in the late 19th century, two relative exceptions being the powerful, synthetic narrative of Powell 2012 and the useful narrative of Sublette 2009 , although neither covers the whole 19th century. (oxfordbibliographies.com)
  • At the village s grist mill, I learned that by the 1860s, every county in Ohio had at least two grist mills, an important component of the agricultural economy of the late 19th century. (chillicothenews.com)
  • In the 8th century it was associated with nervous symptoms, and in the 12th century the link with eye disease, increased appetite was noted. (news-medical.net)
  • This site provides a bibliography (about 1200 references) on Imperial Russia foreign policy from the 17th century till 1917. (pitt.edu)
  • The Jewish Enlightenment, Haskalah, began to take hold in Poland during the 19th century, stressing secular ideas and values. (wikipedia.org)
  • By the late 19th century, Haskalah and the debates it caused created a growing number of political movements within the Jewish community itself, covering a wide range of views and vying for votes in local and regional elections. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Jewish population of Canada rose slowly but steadily throughout the 19th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Dallas Museum of Art Exhibition Records and was provided by Dallas Museum of Art to The Portal to Texas History , a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries . (unt.edu)
  • Students will look at decorations and details of a late 19th century cabinet and imagine the life and times of the family who owned it by researching events during this time period. (denverartmuseum.org)
  • We know of quite a few children who were involved in some of the major events of the century. (histclo.com)
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  • What major events shaped the 19th century? (cram.com)
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  • What were the main ideologies of the 19th century that prevented the old, conservative monarchic order? (cram.com)
  • During the late 1960s, the Department of History at UMass Amherst created a new undergraduate course entitled New Approaches to History, relying almost exclusively on primary sources. (umass.edu)
  • Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalysis around the turn of the century, and made profound contributions to the field with his descriptions of the unconscious, infantile sexuality, the use of dreams, and his model of the human mind. (psychcentral.com)
  • Understanding the history of pain can help practitioners and researchers grasp the nature of pain, and demonstrate how the pain management specialty grew to include the current range of treatment options. (practicalpainmanagement.com)
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  • Research interests: Demographic, social, economic and medical history of 19th and 20th c. (history.ac.uk)
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