Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Unlawful act of taking property.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Prisoners of the proximate: loosening the constraints on epidemiology in an age of change. (1/713)

"Modern epidemiology" has a primary orientation to the study of multiple risk factors for chronic noncommunicable diseases. If epidemiologists are to understand the determinants of population health in terms that extend beyond proximate, individual-level risk factors (and their biological mediators), they must learn to apply a social-ecologic systems perspective. The mind-set and methods of modern epidemiology entail the following four main constraints that limit engagement in issues of wider context: 1) a preoccupation with proximate risk factors; 2) a focus on individual-level versus population-level influences on health; 3) a typically modular (time-windowed) view of how individuals undergo changes in risk status (i.e., a life-stage vs. a life-course model of risk acquisition); and 4) the, as yet, unfamiliar challenge of scenario-based forecasting of health consequences of future, large-scale social and environmental changes. The evolution of the content and methods of epidemiology continues. Epidemiologists are gaining insights into the complex social and environmental systems that are the context for health and disease; thinking about population health in increasingly ecologic terms; developing dynamic, interactive, life-course models of disease risk acquisition; and extending their spatial-temporal frame of reference as they perceive the health risks posed by escalating human pressures on the wider environment. The constraints of "the proximate" upon epidemiology are thus loosening as the end of the century approaches.  (+info)

Reconstruction of a historical genealogy by means of STR analysis and Y-haplotyping of ancient DNA. (2/713)

Archaeological excavations in St Margaretha's church at Reichersdorf, Germany, in 1993 led to the discovery of eight skeletons, so far assumed to be of the Earls of Konigsfeld, who used the church as a family sepulchre over a period of seven generations from 1546 to 1749. DNA-based sex testing and analysis of autosomal short tandem repeat systems (STR) was carried out to confirm the assumption of kinship. Since five of the individuals were determined as males, analysis of Y-specific STRs seemed feasible. A comparison of Y-haplotypes revealed that one individual could not be linked to the Konigsfeld patrilineage, an observation supported by autosomal STR evidence. Two individuals typed as females posed an identification problem, since supposedly only male members of the family were buried in St Margaretha's. Nevertheless, these individuals could tentatively be identified as members of the House of Konigsfeld through genetic fingerprinting.  (+info)

A bit of history. (3/713)

Reviews of scientific literature began to appear in the 17th century. Journals dedicated to them soon followed, leading eventually to this one, which emerged in the 1930s as Bacteriological Reviews; it adapted to the many changes in our fluid discipline, evolving into the present, much broader Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews.  (+info)

Fin-de-siecle Philadelphia and the founding of the Medical Library Association. (4/713)

Philadelphia at the time of the founding of the Medical Library Association (MLA) is described. Several factors that promoted the birth of the association are discussed, including the rapid increase in the labor force and the rise of other health related professions, such as the American Hospital Association and the professionalization of nursing. The growth of the public hygiene movement in Philadelphia at the time of Sir William Osler's residency in the city is discussed. Finally, the rapid growth of the medical literature is considered a factor promoting the development of the association. This article continues the historical consideration of the MLA begun in the author's article on the three founders of the association. The background information is drawn from the items listed in the bibliography, and the conclusions are those of the author.  (+info)

Early use of 'open-air' treatment for 'pulmonary phthisis' at the Dreadnought Hospital, Greenwich, 1900-1905. (5/713)

The use of open-air treatment for tuberculosis ('pulmonary phthisis') at the Dreadnought Hospital, Greenwich from 1900 to 1905 is reviewed. A marked reduction in mean mortality rate compared to 'orthodox' management was observed.  (+info)

Identification of Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum in a 200-year-old skeletal specimen. (6/713)

Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum, the causative agent of venereal syphilis, was detected in a 200-year-old skeletal specimen from Easter Island. An initial diagnosis of treponemal infection was confirmed by extensive purification of immunoglobulin that reacted strongly with T. pallidum antigen. Extracted DNA exhibited a single-base polymorphism that distinguished T.p. subsp. pallidum from 4 other human and nonhuman treponemes. Extensive precautions against contamination of the subject matter with modern treponemal DNA were employed, including analysis of archaeological and modern specimens in 2 geographically separate laboratories. Molecular determination of historical disease states by using skeletal material can significantly enhance our understanding of the pathology and spread of infectious diseases.  (+info)

Two closely linked mutations in Drosophila melanogaster that are lethal to opposite sexes and interact with daughterless. (7/713)

A new spontaneous mutation named Sex-lethal, Male-specific No. 1 (SxlM1) is described that is lethal to males, even in the presence of an Sxl+ duplication. Females homozygous for SxlM1 are fully viable. This dominant, male-specific lethal mutation is on the X chromosome approximately 0.007 map units to the right of a previously isolated female-specific mutation, Female-lethal, here renamed Sex-lethal, Female-specific No. 1 (SxlF1). SxlM1 and SxlF1 are opposite in nearly every repect, particularly with regard to their interaction with maternal effect of the autosomal mutation, daughterless (da). Females that are homozygous for da produce defective eggs that cannot support female (XX) development. A single dose of SxlM1 enables daughters to survive this da female-specific lethal maternal effect. A duplication of the Sxl locus weakly mimics this action of SxlM1. In contrast, SxlF1 and a deficiency for Sxl, strongly enhance the female-lethal effects of da. The actions of SxlM1 and SxlF1 are explained by a model in which expression of the Sxl locus is essential for females, lethal for males, and under the control of a product of the da locus. It is suggested that SxlM1 is a constitutive mutation at the Sxl locus.  (+info)

The effect of recombination-defective meiotic mutants on fourth-chromosome crossing over in Drosophila melanogaster. (8/713)

Crossing over was measured on the normally achiasmate fourth chromosome in females homozygous for one of our different recombination-defective meiotic mutants. Under the influence of those meiotic mutants that affect the major chromosomes by altering the spatial distribution of exchanges, meiotic fourth-chromosome recombinants were recovered irrespective of whether or not the meiotic mutant decreases crossing over on the other chromosomes. No crossing over, on the other hand, was detected on chromosome 4 in either wild type or in the presence of a meiotic mutant that decreases the frequency, but does not affect the spatial distribution, of exchange on the major chromosomes. It is concluded from these observations that (a) in wild type there are regional constraints on exchange that can be attenuated or eliminated by the defects caused by recombination-defective meiotic mutants; [b] these very constraints account for the absence of recombination on chromosome 4 in wild type; and [c] despite being normally achiasmate, chromosome 4 responds to recombination-defective meiotic mutants in the same way as do the other chromosomes.  (+info)

EVENT: Janine Barchas, associate professor of English at The University of Texas at Austin and author of the award-winning Cambridge study Graphic Design, Print Culture, and the Eighteenth-Century Novel, addresses the graphic uniformity of eighteenth-century texts published in todays paperbacks and critical editions to ask whether they accurately convey the visual exuberance of the originals.. WHEN: 7 p.m., Thursday, April 6. Theater doors open 30 minutes prior to event.. WHERE: The Harry Ransom Center is on the corner of 21st and Guadalupe streets on The University of Texas at Austin campus. Maps of campus are available online.. BACKGROUND: The Ransom Centers current Technologies of Writing exhibition, on which Barchas served as a consultant to curators Elizabeth Garver and Kurt Heinzelman, forms an excellent background for Barchas lecture. Both lecture and exhibit showcases a number of graphically innovative eighteenth-century works. Barchas raises questions about the roles of authors, ...
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Thats an interesting point, but (i) Enlightenment in Spain is not a separate page about the progress of Enlightenment in Spain, a la the pages on the Scottish Enlightenment or the Enlightenment in America. Its just the part of the series on Spanish history that comes in between Golden Age and Independence Movement. As you would expect, the page is exclusively about the political, military, and diplomatic history of Spain from the War of Succession to the Peninsular War. There is one section on reformist ministers appointed by the Bourbon monarchs. Any country in Europe could similarly rename its page on the mid-18th century Enlightenment in X. So I dont think that there is any reason to think that Enlightenment in Spain is an intellectual moment comparable to the Enlightenment in Scotland or France. (ii) We could easily double the length of the list of Enlightenment thinkers for France or Scotland, but we have not because the list would be essentially useless if it became a general ...
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Historians have long debated the extent to which the secret network of Freemasonry was a main factor in the Enlightenment. The leaders of the Enlightenment included Freemasons such as Diderot, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Lessing, Pope,[238] Horace Walpole, Sir Robert Walpole, Mozart, Goethe, Frederick the Great, Benjamin Franklin[239] and George Washington.[240] Norman Davies said that Freemasonry was a powerful force on behalf of liberalism in Europe from about 1700 to the twentieth century. It expanded rapidly during the Age of Enlightenment, reaching practically every country in Europe. It was especially attractive to powerful aristocrats and politicians as well as intellectuals, artists and political activists.[241]. During the Age of Enlightenment, Freemasons comprised an international network of like-minded men, often meeting in secret in ritualistic programs at their lodges. They promoted the ideals of the Enlightenment and helped diffuse these values across Britain and France and other ...
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Self-Machinery?: Steel Trusses and the Management of Ruptures in Eighteenth-Century Europe Liliane Hilaire-Pérez, Christelle Rabier Technology and Culture, Volume 54, Number 3, July 2013, pp (Article)
Spain's eighteenth century can be divided into two halves. The first half comprises the reigns of the first Spanish Bourbon, Philip V, the designated successor of the last Spanish Habsburg, Carlos II and of Philip's son, Luis I, who succeeded to the throne following Philip's abdication in 1724.
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Currently writing a book on the justices of the peace in 18th-century British literature. Other publications include: Something for an Executive: Satire in Terry Gilliams Brazil. Quarterly Review of Film and Video 35.2 (2018): 119-36; Smolletts Justices. The Age of Johnson: A Scholarly Annual 23 (2015): 273-300; The Holy House of Loreto: Politics and Idolatry in the Long Eighteenth Century. 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era 21 (2014): 207-27; Spotless Minds and Cultural Memory: Teaching Future Teachers in the United States. Digital Defoe: Studies in Defoe and His Contemporaries 5.1 (2013); Moral and Medical Diagnosis in Maria Edgeworths Belinda. The Eighteenth-Century Novel 8 (October 2011): 247-69; A Partridge in the Family Tree: Fixity, Mobility, and Community in Tom Jones. Eighteenth-Century Fiction 17.3 (April 2005): 349-72 ...
Currently writing a book on the justices of the peace in 18th-century British literature. Other publications include: Something for an Executive: Satire in Terry Gilliams Brazil. Quarterly Review of Film and Video 35.2 (2018): 119-36; Smolletts Justices. The Age of Johnson: A Scholarly Annual 23 (2015): 273-300; The Holy House of Loreto: Politics and Idolatry in the Long Eighteenth Century. 1650-1850: Ideas, Aesthetics, and Inquiries in the Early Modern Era 21 (2014): 207-27; Spotless Minds and Cultural Memory: Teaching Future Teachers in the United States. Digital Defoe: Studies in Defoe and His Contemporaries 5.1 (2013); Moral and Medical Diagnosis in Maria Edgeworths Belinda. The Eighteenth-Century Novel 8 (October 2011): 247-69; A Partridge in the Family Tree: Fixity, Mobility, and Community in Tom Jones. Eighteenth-Century Fiction 17.3 (April 2005): 349-72 ...
Few authors benefit from being set in their contemporary context more than Samuel Johnson. Samuel Johnson in Context is a guide to his world, offering readers a comprehensive account of eighteenth-century life and culture as it relates to his work. Short, lively and eminently readable chapters illuminate not only Johnsons own life, writings and career, but the literary, critical, journalistic, social, political, scientific, artistic, medical and financial contexts in which his works came into being. Written by leading experts in Johnson and in eighteenth-century studies, these chapters offer both depth and range of information and suggestions for further study and research. Richly illustrated, with a chronology of Johnsons life and works and an extensive bibliography, this book is a major new work of reference on eighteenth-century culture and the age of Johnson. ...
There is no general prohibition against women singing in classic Jewish law based on the Talmud and subsequent codes and commentaries until the early nineteenth century. The current blanket prohibition accepted by Haredi and some modern Orthodox rabbis was first suggested and rejected by Rabbi Joshua Falk (d. 1614) and was only given as a halachic ruling by Rabbi Moshe Sofer, the Hatam Sofer, in the early nineteenth century.... There is therefore no halachic justification for anyone walking out when women sing. But even if one accepts the very strict ruling of the Hatam Sofer, it is forbidden to walk out in order not to insult the female performers. ...
Bonnycastle actually came to the University at its opening in 1825 as the first professor, not of mathematics, but of natural philosophy (as physics was then called). When Thomas Key, the first Professor of Mathematics, resigned to return to his native England, Bonnycastle shifted over to the mathematical chair and remained in that post until his untimely death on 31 October 1840 at the age of only forty-three. Old Bonny, as he was fondly called by the students, moved away from what was increasingly becoming the antiquated synthetic approach to mathematical pedagogy that had been so typical of Oxbridge mathematical teaching in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and introduced the more avant-garde analytic approach of late eighteenth-century French authors such as Silvestre Lacroix. In 1834, he published his own textbook, Inductive Geometry, in which he aimed to unite the best of the synthetic and the analytic approaches to geometry for the college- and university-level audience. ...
Founded in 1982, Collegium Ramazzini is an independent, international academy with 180 invited members from more than 30 countries. Its members are internationally renowned experts in the fields of occupational and environmental health, including Dr. Joseph Graziano, Dr. David Eastmond Dr. David Ozonoff, Dr. T.K. Joshi, Dr. Mohamed Jeebhay, and Dr. Giuliano Franco. It was named after sixteenth-century Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini and was founded by Irving Selikoff, Cesare Maltoni and other eminent scientists in 1982. The mission of the Collegium Ramazzini is to advance the study of occupational and environmental health issues. Through its members and activities, it seeks to bridge scientific discovery and the socio-political centers that will need to act on these discoveries and advances in the area of health and safety. One main purpose of the Collegium is to host conferences, symposia and seminars that introduce scientific, medical and governmental bodies to various issues and ...
01 November 2007. CR Bangkok Workshop on Occupational and Environmental Health in the Asia/Pacific Region. The Secretary General of the Sixth Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress and Fellow of the Collegium Ramazzini, Professor Mathuros Ruchirawat, has invited the Collegium Ramazzini to organize a 2-day Satellite Workshop following the Sixth Princess Chulabhorn International Science Congress. This Satellite Workshop will be held in Bangkok from November 30-December 1 2007. It is entitled, Occupational and Environmental Health in the Asia/Pacific Region . The goal of the Satellite Workshop is to facilitate exchanges between Fellows of the Collegium and scientists in the Asia-Pacific region and thus to facilitate the dissemination of scientific knowledge as well as of new strategies for the prevention of environmental and occupational disease. The Collegium Ramazzini Satellite Workshop is structured to include invited speakers from both the Collegium and the Asia-Pacific region, with ...
This classic history of the Mexican hacienda from the colonial period through the nineteenth century has been reissued in a silver anniversary edition complete with a substantive new introduction...
For all who work on pre-industrial Europe, there is so much that we wish we knew and so much that we dont know. This collection of essays, introduced and edited by Elise M. Dermineur (Umeå University), enhances our understanding of how women interacted with the credit market, while generating, as should all good work, new questions and avenues for further research.. This fascinating study lays out the very many different avenues by which women accessed credit in Europe between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries. The volume comprises thirteen chapters in addition to an introductory chapter by Elise Dermineur and a concluding chapter by Laurence Fontaine. Four chapters cover late medieval England with nine chapters focusing on the early modern period, two chapters on England and one each on the Low Counties, Sweden, Italy, Germany, France, Barcelona and Santiago de Compostela, Galicia. One of the strengths of this book is that the essays span both the late medieval and early modern period ...
In this thesis, I undertake a multi-disciplinary survey and descriptive analysis of vampires and other types of undead-corpse in Europe from the medieval period to the twentieth century. Broadly speaking, the first three chapters of the thesis discuss the typology and folklore of vampires and undead-corpses, and so too the burial practices associated with such revenants. The remaining chapters delve into the etiological explanations for the existence of undead-corpses, the vampire infestations of the eighteenth century, the reasons for declining belief in walking-corpses thereafter, and the increasingly popular notion of astral vampirism in the nineteenth century. In the early eighteenth century, popular belief in the existence of undead-corpses was fuelled by numerous reports of vampire outbreaks across Eastern and Central Europe. In his Treatise on Vampires and Revenants (1746), Augustin Calmet argued that although there may have been troublesome undead-corpses and vestiges of vampirism in ...
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The purpose of this new book is to persuade us that Charles Thomas Jackson, who gave Morton a little background information about ether and spent the rest of his life claiming priority for the Great Invention, was not as crazy as has been previously alleged. The critical incident reported in this book concerns the accidental meeting in Fall 1832 of Jackson and Samuel Morse on the boat Sully as it crossed the Atlantic Ocean from Europe to America. Morse, a successful artist, had become interested in the possibility of developing an electric telegraph. He and passengers on the Sully , including Jackson, chatted about the possibility of sending messages through wires. Jackson later claimed he had given Morse the whole idea. The meat of this book consists of sworn depositions given by Jackson in the course of complicated lawsuits brought by others claiming they, and not Morse, were responsible for key elements of the electric telegraph ...
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Abstract Body mass index (BMI ) values reflect the net balance between nutrition, work effort, and calories consumed to fight disease. Nineteenth-century prison records in the United States demonstrate that the BMI values of blacks and whites were distributed symmetrically; neither underweight nor obese individuals were common among the working class. BMI values declined throughout the nineteenth century. By modern standards, however, nineteenth-century BMI s were in healthy weight ranges, though the biological living standards in rural areas exceeded those in urban areas. The increase in BMI s during the twentieth century did not have its origin in the nineteenth century.. ...
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Having live-in domestic servants seems like the height of luxury today, but in the nineteenth century, hired girls were common in middle-class households in Illinois. In a society without electricity and running water, household chores were onerous, and in the nineteenth century, a wave of immigrants made labor cheap and plentiful.
In this age of globalization, the eighteenth-century priest and abolitionist Henri Grégoire has often been called a man ahead of his time. An icon of anti-racism, a hero to people from Ho Chi Minh to French Jews, Grégoire has been particularly celebrated since 1989, when the French government placed him in the Pantheon as a model of ideals of universalism and human rights. In this biography, based on newly discovered and previously overlooked material, we gain access to the full complexity of Grégoires intellectual and political universe as well as the compelling nature of his persona. His life offers an extraordinary vantage from which to view large issues in European and world history in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries and provides provocative insights into many of the prevailing tensions, ideals, and paradoxes of the twenty-first century. Focusing on Grégoires idea of
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With help from the National Endowment for the Humanities, a collaborative project between UChicago and Oxford University will digitize books essential to eighteenth-century intellectual history. The Commonplace Cultures project will use data analysis techniques to develop a digital commonplace book. In the eighteenth century, commonplace books gathered excerpts and quotations from many different works and organized them by subject, helping readers to track new thinkers and ideas. Identifying and analyzing these commonplaces will shed light on how knowledge spread and transformed in the early modern period, according to Robert Morrissey, one of the leaders of the Commonplace Cultures project.. Commonplace books were a way of managing information that made texts, ideas, and words accessible, explained Morrissey, the Benjamin Franklin Professor of Romance Languages and Literatures. Commonplace Cultures builds on Morrisseys ongoing ARTFL project that collaborates with the French government ...
Jetzt verfügbar bei AbeBooks.de - Hardcover - W.A. Murrill, Bronxwood Park, New York City - 1919 - Zustand: Good - 1st Edition. - No Jacket - Hardcover - First Edition - very scarce - very clean, no marks, very clean inside, clean red boards with white lettering, v slight sunning spine - - The Naturalist In A Boarding School, by William A Murrill In Charge Of Public Instruction And Higher Fungi At The New York Botanical Garden, Editor Of Mycologia, Associate Editor Of North American Flora, Author Of Billy The Boy Naturalist, Three Young Crusoes. - William Alphonso Murrill (1869-1957) was an American mycologist, known for his contributions to the knowledge of the Agaricales and Polyporaceae. Murrill obtained his Ph.D. at Cornell University in 1897, working under the supervision of G.F. Atkinson, a leading authority on the taxonomy of Basidiomycetes. He started working as assistant curator at Columbia Universitys garden herbarium and library in 1904, eventually becoming a curator (1919-1925). He also
A wealth of literature has shed light on religious, philosophical, scientific and medical concepts of extraordinary bodies, wonders and monsters in the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park have been tremendously influential with their Wonders and the order of nature (1998) and in many ways contributed to our understanding of emotions and the monstrous before 1750. One of their suggestions is that there was no disenchantment, or clear pattern of naturalization, of monsters in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Monstrous births were explained by natural causes, such as a narrow womb or an excess of seed, already by medieval writers whereas they could still be read as divine signs in the late seventeenth century. No linear story took monsters from an older religious framework to a newer naturalistic one or from prodigies to wonders to naturalized objects. Wonders eventually lost their position as cherished elements in European elite culture but ...
Iron acquisition poses a problem for aerobic organisms because ferric iron is poorly soluble near neutral pH. Thus, these organisms have developed means to absorb iron as complexes, sometimes taking up ferrous iron before oxidising it back to ferric iron.[5] In particular, bacteria have evolved very high-affinity sequestering agents called siderophores.[139][140][141]. After uptake in human cells, iron storage is precisely regulated.[5][142] A major component of this regulation is the protein transferrin, which binds iron ions absorbed from the duodenum and carries it in the blood to cells.[5][143] Transferrin contains Fe3+ in the middle of a distorted octahedron, bonded to one nitrogen, three oxygens and a chelating carbonate anion that traps the Fe3+ ion: it has such a high stability constant that it is very effective at taking up Fe3+ ions even from the most stable complexes. At the bone marrow, transferrin is reduced from Fe3+ and Fe2+ and stored as ferritin to be incorporated into ...
The eighteenth century has often been viewed as a period of relative decline in the field of microscopy, as interest in microscopes seemed to wane after an intense period of discovery in the seventeenth century. As such, developments in the field during the Enlightenment have been largely overlooked. This book therefore fills a considerable gap in the study of this life science, providing a thorough analysis of what the main concerns of the field were and how microscopists learned to communicate with each other in relevant ways in order to compare results and build a new discipline.Employing a substantial body of contemporary literature from across Europe, Marc J. Ratcliff is able to present us with a definitive account of the state of research into microscopy of the period. He brings to light the little known work of Louis Joblot, re-evaluates the achievements of Abraham Trembley and gives new weight to Otto-Friedrich M llers important contributions. The book also connects changes in instrument design
The eighteenth century has often been viewed as a period of relative decline in the field of microscopy, as interest in microscopes seemed to wane after an intense period of discovery in the seventeenth century. As such, developments in the field during the Enlightenment have been largely overlooked. This book therefore fills a considerable gap in the study of this life science, providing a thorough analysis of what the main concerns of the field were and how microscopists learned to communicate with each other in relevant ways in order to compare results and build a new discipline. Employing a substantial body of contemporary literature from across Europe, Marc J. Ratcliff is able to present us with a definitive account of the state of research into microscopy of the period. He brings to light the little known work of Louis Joblot, re-evaluates the achievements of Abraham Trembley and gives new weight to Otto-Friedrich Müllers important contributions. The book also connects changes in instrument
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But the 28 Lieberman 1993:490-3, 1999. See also Lieberman 1995; Pombejra 1990; Cushman 1993; Blussé 1999. Geography as destiny? 41 Bay of Bengal was only one major maritime arena. 29 This emphasis on China is crucial if we are to understand eighteenth century developments. In the late seventeenth century political turmoil in southern China ended when the Qing defeated the Ming. In 1683 Taiwan was conquered, and trade bans were consequently relaxed. This cleared the way for a surge in Chinese trade with Southeast Asia, as merchants from Fujian, Guangdong and Zhejiang (Chekiang) competed with the European companies for products such as pepper. 41 Bay of Bengal was only one major maritime arena. 29 This emphasis on China is crucial if we are to understand eighteenth century developments. In the late seventeenth century political turmoil in southern China ended when the Qing defeated the Ming. In 1683 Taiwan was conquered, and trade bans were consequently relaxed. This cleared the way for a surge ...
After discovering technology has not eliminated the need for medical cadavers in my dissertation on bodysnatching, I decided I would see if there was a way I could use my skills to help make an informative and educational piece to demonstrate the importance of cadavers, with reference to what I learned from bodysnatching in the eighteenth century.. I have made an eighteenth century scene where a body has been brought in on a cart and is in the process of being dissected for educational purposes to demonstrate what I have learnt about the importance of cadavers in medical science.. The body was; life moulded in silicone with a plaster shell, casted in Monsterclay and backed with plaster to get the rough shapes, sculpted over the top to add details and texture, then I created a fibreglass matrix mould, casted the piece in Tinsil 10 silicone (with a fibreglass core). After all this I sculpted a brain, skull, and mouth to add to the piece, it was then all seamed, hair punched, painted and hand ...
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/aspartameNM/message/1260 Ramazzini findings implicate the aspartic acid in cancers from aspartame: Samuels: Murray 2005.11.29 November 29, 2005 Hi Jack, Yes, also, the Ramazzini Foundation found evidence that the aspartic acid may the cause of cancers in ...the renal pelvis and ureter, peripheral nerves and proliferative changes of the olfactory epithelium... in rats fed aspartame, and that females were more vulnerable.
Black and white marble join contemporary interior design with the eighteenth century outline of the building. A fashionable checkered floor hiding the new heating system complements the ionic capitals and black architraves. Baudelo Abbey is a testimony of monastic architecture during the Counter-Reformation in modern day Belgium. The original Cistercian abbey was founded in the early twelfth century near Klein Sinaai - an allegorical desert to the north-east of Ghent. During the years of the Calvinist Ghent Republic (1577-1584) both the abbey and its refugium within the city walls were destroyed. Some years after the fall of the City Republic the monks returned from their exile in Cologne. A new abbey was built on the site of the earlier refugium. The church was constructed in a late Gothic style in the early seventeenth century and underwent an internal redesign by Pieter van Reijsschoot in the second half of the eighteenth century. The recent reactivation of the redundant Baudelo Abbey church ...
This course explores the expansion of political participation in Europe from the Atlantic Revolutions of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to the present. Students study the commercial revolution in Europe and North America as well as other areas of the world. They examine the experiences of societies in Asia, Africa, and the Americas as global capitalism emerged and European and North American colonial empires expanded. The course also treats the two World Wars of the twentieth century and the emergence of powerful challenges to liberal democracy worldwide, including communism, fascism, and anti-colonial nationalism. It concludes with the study of particular episodes and trends in world history after 1945. At the instructors discretion, these might include the Cold War, emergence of the United States as a superpower, the rise of mass consumer societies, decolonization, changes in gender and family relations, 9/11, the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and other themes. The course ...
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This thesis is the first to combine organology, musicology, history and ethnography in a comprehensive study focusing on Irish organ-building. Chapter One commences with an extensive historical survey of Irish organ-building. Chapter Two proposes that there was a thriving indigenous industry in the nineteenth century with two leading families, Telford and White. It describes their family and business history that continued until the early part of the following century. It also exposes evidence of religious prejudice and comments on Irish exports within the British Empire. Chapter Three proposes a relationship between manufactory and functionality, and suggests that Irish organ-builders were following English builders in the use of practical casework designs. A case study of Telfords work at Trinity College Chapel, Dublin and Durrow (1838, 1842) examples expedient measures in the building of a new organ and adaptation of an old organ. Chapter Four presents analyses of layout, architectural ...
During the nineteenth century, Britains urban population increased as its rural population diminished. A historian theorizes that, rather than industrializations being the cause, this change ...
History of the Error and the Normal Distribution in the Mid Nineteenth Century - History of statistics;error;normal distribution;Quetelet;social science;
Brills MyBook program is exclusively available on BrillOnline Books and Journals. Students and scholars affiliated with an institution that has purchased a Brill E-Book on the BrillOnline platform automatically have access to the MyBook option for the title(s) acquired by the Library. Brill MyBook is a print-on-demand paperback copy which is sold at a favorably uniform low price.. ...
The Corinthian pilasters and mahogany, red cedar, and cedrela interior fittings (similar to the preceding piece but without carved or gilt shells) readily suggest the bookcase as a product of this designers shop. The construction of the desk interior is also similar to several of the preceding pieces (fig. 49). The interior drawers have thin red cedar frames and bottoms that are rabbeted to the front, sides, and back; the engaged columns are similar to those in the prospect section of the Huntington desk-and-bookcase (fig. 40); and the prospect door is concave, although it lacks the beaded arched fascia. The Joiners of the Frothingham-signed desk hollowed out its inner side surfaces more carefully than those of the preceding bombé desk-and-bookcase (fig. 45) but in the same method. They inlet the beads flanking the ends of the three bottom drawers of the desk into the front edges of the sides, which they left at full thickness. Then, they cut the rear edge of the beads and the corresponding ...
Nordic Landscape Painting In The Nineteenth Century by Torsten Gunnarsson available in Hardcover on Powells.com, also read synopsis and reviews. In this richly illustrated book, Torsten Gunnarsson provides for the first time a comprehensive...
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On the whole, the psychological work of the last quarter of the nineteenth century emphasized the study of consciousness to the neglect of the total life of intellect and character. - Edward Thorndike quotes from BrainyQuote.com
A comparison of lifestyles, economic achievement and population behaviour of Montreals three cultural communities (French Catholic, Irish Catholic and English Protestant)from 1840 to 1900. The authors point out that the three communities exhibited three different demographic systems and strategies which changed significantly over the second half of the nineteenth century ...
A comparison of lifestyles, economic achievement and population behaviour of Montreals three cultural communities (French Catholic, Irish Catholic and English Protestant)from 1840 to 1900. The authors point out that the three communities exhibited three different demographic systems and strategies which changed significantly over the second half of the nineteenth century ...
View samples from a selection of highlights featured in Nineteenth Century Collections Online: Photography, part of Gale Primary Sources.
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Seventeenth/eighteenth periodic report submitted by Norway under article 9 of the international convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discriminationContentlinkintHoveddel1IntroductionlinkintHoveddel2GenerallinkintHoveddel3II. Informat...
Jonathan Edwards and Transatlantic Print Culture tells the story of how Edwardss works were published in the eighteenth century. Indiviidual chapters discuss the contributions of the various people who were involved on both sides of the Atlantic and their motivations. In the process of this narrative, Jonathan Edwards and Transatlantic Print Culture explains what the printing, publishing, and editing of Jonathan Edwardss publications can tell us about religious print culture in the eighteenth century. More specifically, it clarifies how the way in which his books were put together shaped the understanding of him as an author, and how such details as the formats, costs, quality of paper, length, bindings, and the number of reprints and abridgments affected the reception of his works in America and Europe. The book situates Edwards and his works in the specifics of his time and place, with extensive background on colonial commerce and the contributions of geography to printing and publishing.
History-Eighteenth Century Political Formation: Questions 1-4 of 7. Get to the point NTSE Stage-2 (National-Level) Scholastic-Aptitude & Language Comprehension questions for your exams.
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The Odyssey of the Periauger The sounds and rivers of eastern North Carolina bore witness this summer to a vessel once common on those waters but not seen there for nearly two centuries. After more than seven months of construction involving thirty volunteers working 8,400 man-hours, a rep-lica of a periauger, the workboat of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, was built at the North Carolina MaritimeMuseumWatercraft Center in Beaufort. A partnership consisting of the museum, the Perquimans County Restoration Association (parent organization of the 1730 Newbold-White House: A Colonial Quaker Homestead), Perquimans County, and the East Carolina University Program in Maritime Studies, the Periauger Project was funded through private donations and enhancement monies from the North Carolina Department of Transportation. Its purpose was to construct a working replica of a periauger, the generic term for a two-masted boat made from a split dugout cypress log with a plank keel insert, which ...
Flora and its surrounding disciplines saw a huge shift in importance during the Victorian era. There was a great inflow of new and exotic plants and flowers into Britain in the eighteenth century once overseas trade treaties opened up unknown and romantic areas of the world (Scourse 1). Its estimated that around 9,000 plants arrived in Britain during this time when there had been less than 1,000 during the 1600s. For the British, this was an immense source of pride, as it was seen as tangible proof of Britains expanding influence and wealth, and the glory of the monarch (2). Because of this inundation of flowers, they were a much bigger part of everyday life during the Victorian era. Men and women often wore them on their clothes and interior floral decorating was extremely important. By the eighteenth century there was also an increased interest in the science of botany. In America, Britain, and France, the connection between medical advances and botany made it a vital area of study. In ...
Flora and its surrounding disciplines saw a huge shift in importance during the Victorian era. There was a huge inflow of new and exotic plants and flowers into Britain in the eighteenth century once overseas trade treaties opened up unknown and romantic areas of the world (Scourse 1). Its estimated that around 9,000 plants arrived in Britain during this time when there had been less than 1,000 during the the 1600s. For the British this was an immense source of pride, as it was seen as tangible proof of Britains expanding influence and wealth, and he glory of the monarch (2). Because of this inundation of flowers, they were a much bigger part of everyday life, during the Victorian era. Men and women often wore them on their clothes and interior floral decorating was extremely important. By the eighteenth century there was also an increased interest in the science of botany. In America, Britain, and France, the connection between medical advances and botany made it a vital area of study. ...
Foundations of the Modern World: The Eighteenth Century This course examines some of the core concepts and narrations through which the eighteenth century redefined the position and the experience of man in the world. After the dominance of theological metaphysics ended, universal concepts needed a new fundament. The course will also serve as an introduction to major authors and problems of this period. How did representation come to define what it means to know something about the world? How could aesthetics ennoble perception and validate an experience considered marginal? How can the contribution of each of the five senses to knowledge be determined? Why should pity be considered a virtue? How did the idea of education define what it means to lead a human life? How did theater become such a prominent scene where education took place? And why was life increasingly seen as defined by sensibility? These are some of the questions we will discuss in nuanced readings and discussions. The course ...
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Downloadable! We study how mortality reductins and income growth interact, looking at their relationship prior to the Industrial Revolution, when income per capita was stagnant. We first present a model of individual medical spending giving a rationale for individual health expenditures even when medicine was not effective in postponing death. We then explain the rise of effective medicine by a learning process function of expenditures in health. The rise in effective medicine can then be linked to the take-off of the eighteenth century through life expectancy increases, and fostered capital accumulation. The rise of effective medicine has also an impact on the relation between growth and inequality and on the intergenerational persistence of differences in income. These channels are operative through differential mortality induced by medicine effectiveness that turns out to determines a differential in the propensity to save among income groups.
History[edit]. Conversion and Consolidation (15th-18th centuries)[edit]. Main article: Islamization of Albania ... During the 17th and 18th century Albanians in large numbers converted to Islam, often to escape higher taxes levied on ... Shaw, Stanford J.; Shaw, Ezel Kural (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and ... Vickers, Miranda (2011). The Albanians: a modern history. London: IB Tauris. ISBN 978-0-85773-655-0. .. CS1 maint: ref=harv ( ...
2 Usage throughout history *2.1 18th century *2.1.1 American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) ... 18th century[edit]. American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)[edit]. During the American Revolutionary War the Continental ... Usage throughout history[edit]. The United States Government has, at numerous times throughout American History, issued Bills ... New Jersey: A History. New York: Norton. 1984.. External links[edit]. *"Bills of Credit" section of The Constitutional Law Of ...
3.4 Modern history *3.4.1 In the 18th and 19th century. *3.4.2 In the 20th and 21st century ... In the 18th and 19th centuries, green was associated with the romantic movement in literature and art.[56] The German poet and ... Mixtures of oxidized cobalt and zinc were also used to create green paints as early as the 18th century.[32] ... The 18th and 19th centuries brought the discovery and production of synthetic green pigments and dyes, which rapidly replaced ...
Modern history[edit]. 17th and 18th century[edit]. The 17th and 18th century saw the greatest use of brown. Caravaggio and ... History and art[edit]. Ancient history[edit]. Further information: Ancient history. Brown has been used in art since ... Brown has been a popular color for military uniforms since the late 18th century, largely because of its wide availability and ... Post-classical history[edit]. In the Middle Ages brown robes were worn by monks of the Franciscan order, as a sign of their ...
1 History *1.1 Prehistory. *1.2 18th century. *1.3 19th century. *1.4 20th century ... History[edit]. Main articles: History of Brisbane and Timeline of Brisbane. Prehistory[edit]. Aboriginal Australians lived in ... 21st century[edit]. After three decades of record population growth, Brisbane was hit again by a major flood in January 2011. ... 19th century[edit]. In 1823 the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane, gave instructions for the development of a ...
1 History *1.1 First stage: Hawaiian migration (18th-19th centuries). *1.2 Second stage (20th-21st centuries) ... The Journal of Pacific History. The Journal of Pacific History. Vol. 8. 8: 133-157. doi:10.1080/00223347308572228. JSTOR ... Huping Ling, Allan W. Austin (2010). Asian American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia. Volume one-two. Routledge. p. 524. ... Barkan, Elliott Robert (2013). Immigrants in American History: Arrival, Adaptation, and Integration. Volume 4. ABC-Clio. ISBN ...
1 History *1.1 18th century - early 20th century. *1.2 Late 20th century - present ... 18th century - early 20th century[edit]. The passing of the Civil Code of 1734 was the first nation-wide law for all of Sweden ... History[edit]. The socio-legal history of prostitution in Finland is similar to that of other European and Western countries, ... Late 20th century - present[edit]. The geopolitical position of Finland, and its position in the European Union as of 1995, had ...
History[edit]. 18th century[edit]. Jean-Jacques Rousseau brings forth the idea that all humans are born good but are ultimately ... 19th century[edit]. The literature on the topic of social pedagogy tends to identify German educator Karl Mager (1810-1858) as ... Herman Nohl (1879 - 1960) was a German pedagogue of the first half of the twentieth century. He interpreted reality from a ...
Modern history[edit]. In the 16th to 18th centuries[edit]. Peasants bowling in front of a tavern in the 17th century ... "A little Bowling History". Retrieved 24 January 2016.. *^ a b c d e f g h i "bowling - game". Encyclopædia Britannica. ... History[edit]. Ancient history[edit]. Archeologist's drawing of items found in 1895 in an ancient tomb in Naqada, Egypt, ... "National Negro Bowling Association - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 24 January 2016.. *^ "NWBW History - Bowling Media". ...
1 History *1.1 18th and 19th centuries. *1.2 20th century *1.2.1 Flooding ... In the early 18th century, the Wyoming Valley was inhabited by the Shawanese and Delaware Indian (Lenape) tribes. By 1769, John ... Originally estimated at 650 feet, the prodigious blast is considered to be the longest home run in baseball's storied history. ... "History - Kingston Borough". kingstonpa.org.. *^ 1769 The Pennamite Wars, The Society of Colonial Wars in Connecticut. Accessed ...
1.5 18th and 19th centuries. *1.6 Recent history. *2 Geography and climate *2.1 Climate ... 18th and 19th centuries[edit]. In the early 18th century, under the War of the Spanish Succession, the city of Guadalajara and ... The factory prospered throughout the 18th century but was closed in the early 19th century as a result of the War of Spanish ... The Moors arrived in the area in c. 711, establishing Islamic rule for some four centuries until the early 13th century. Their ...
The gold cycle (18th century)[edit]. Main article: Brazilian Gold Rush. See also: Minas Gerais § History ... 16th-18th centuries); and finally on gold and diamond mining (18th century). Slaves, especially those brought from Africa, ... The Paço Imperial, 18th century-colonial palace located in Rio de Janeiro, used as dispatch house by King João VI of Portugal ... In addition to Colonia de Sacramento, several settlements were established in Southern Brazil in the late 17th and 18th century ...
Computational Linguistics and History. London, UK: Bloomsbury. p. 51. ISBN 9781472506092. "18th century prostitute". Jane ... Other sources claim the church did license prostitution as far back as the 12th century. Whichever accounting of history is ... Corpus Linguistics and 17th-Century Prostitution : Computational Linguistics and History. Bloomsbury Academic. 2017. doi: ... "Bloomsbury Collections - Corpus Linguistics and 17th-Century Prostitution - Computational Linguistics and History". www. ...
"Mary Ann McClintock". History of American Women Colonial Women , 18th Century Women , 19th Century Women. History of American ... "Modern History Sourcebook: The Declaration of Sentiments, Seneca Falls Conference, 1848". Fordham. Paul Halsall. 1998. ... List of suffragists and suffragettes M'Clintock House Women's Rights National Historical Park "Mary Ann McClintock". History of ...
18th Century Chatelaines. ... The Natural History of the Flirt. London: D. Bogue, 1848. The ... Chatelaines were worn by many housekeepers in the 19th century and in the 16th century Dutch Republic,[citation needed] where ... The chatelaine was also used as a woman's keychain in the 19th century to show the status of women in a household. The woman ... The remnants of chatelaines and chatelaine bags have been found in the graves of females in the seventh and eighth century in ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Murden, Sarah (2015-03-10). "18th Century Taxes". All Things Georgian. Retrieved 2020- ... Construction History Vol. 13. The Construction History Society. pp. 29-30. J.M. McComish (2015). "A Guide To Ceramic Building ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Murden, Sarah (2015-03-10). "18th Century Taxes". All Things Georgian. Retrieved 2020- ... Dowell, Stephen (1888). A History of Taxation and Taxes in England from the Earliest Times to the Year 1885 (Vol. 2 ed.). ...
At the peak of output in sugar production in the Virgin Islands at the close of the 18th century, more than 30,000 acres of ... ISBN 0-912627-68-9. Schulterbrandt, Gail (October 2005). "Bay Rum:A Niche of Distinction in VI History". St. John Historical ... Lewisohn, Florence (1970). "18th Century Grandueur". St. Croix Landmarks Society. Retrieved November 6, 2010.. ... was exploited by the Danish from the early 18th century and by 1800 over 30,000 acres were under cultivation, earning Saint ...
"7 Common Misconceptions About 18th Century Shoemaking". 18th Century History. Retrieved 29 May 2020. Grubbs, Patrick. " ... in the 18th century it became a term for those who repaired shoes but did not know enough to make them. For most of history, ... Shoemaking became more commercialized in the mid-18th century, as it expanded as a cottage industry. Large warehouses began to ... Until the 19th century, shoemaking was a traditional handicraft, but by the century's end, the process had been almost ...
"The 18th century > Poets and poetry after Pope > Burns". Encyclopedia Britannica's Guide to Shakespeare. Archived from the ... McQueen, Colin (2009). Hunter's Illustrated History of the Family, Friends and Contemporaries of Robert Burns. Messrs Hunter ...
1 History *1.1 Early history. *1.2 18th century. *1.3 19th century. *1.4 First half of the 20th century ... 18th century[edit]. Chester County originally stretched from the Delaware River to the Susquehanna River from its founding in ... History[edit]. Early history[edit]. The Indian tribe that owned the land where Chester now stands were the Okehockings, removed ... "Pennsylvania History. 69 (3): 318-326. Retrieved 27 October 2018.. *^ Stranahan, Susan Q. "Beyond the Flames". www.inquirer. ...
"The Setauket Spies". Local 18th Century History. The Three Village Historical Society. Archived from the original on 2007-08-27 ...
Armstrong (1998), p. 37 Keogh, Daire (Summer 1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th - 19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 ... In the best era of his country's history a soldier in her cause, and in the worst of times, still faithful to it: ever true to ... On winter evenings his master would make him sit "while he read in the Histories of Greece and Rome, and also Ireland, Scotland ... Bardon, Jonathan (1982). Belfast: An Illustrated History. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 60. ISBN 0856402729. Commentary by ...
Spanish early 18th-century style. Mission San Jose (San Jose, CA). Rosales Organ Builders, 1989. 18th-century Spanish and ... The organ has a complicated history and was restored in 1997. Classic Spanish style. Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral (Mexico ... Swedish early 18th-century style. Mount Holyoke College (South Hadley, MA). C. B. Fisk Inc., Opus 84, 1985. 1/5 comma meantone ... French, late 18th-century style. Formerly installed in St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Grand Rapids, MI). Paul Fritts residence ( ...
18th - 19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 November 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Coigly, James (1798). ... Smyth, Jim (1998). The Men of No Property, Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century. London: ... Yet Coigly was written out of the general narrative history of 1798. For the centenary of the rebellion pilgrimages were ...
"18th Century Gin Craze". History.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2015-10-01. Retrieved 2015-10-13. Hanham, Andrew A. "The ...
18th-century Boston Directory. 1789. Isaiah Thomas. History of printing in America, 2nd ed. 1874. Henry Knox - Bookseller. ... Books in the United States 17th-century Isaiah Thomas. History of printing in America, 2nd ed. 1874. George Emery Littlefield ( ... 20th-century James Clegg. International directory of booksellers and bibliophile's manual. 1906. William S. Reese (1990), The ... Secondhand gold; Bookshop's storied history speaks volumes. Boston Globe. Aug 26, 2007 Library Thing. Boston listings Chuck ...
Keogh, Dáire (1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th-19th - Century History. 6 (2). Retrieved 10 November 2020. Davis, Michael (2008 ... Female Epistolarity and Late Eighteenth-Century Irish Radicalism". Women's History Review. 13 (1): 660. doi:10.1080/ ... Burns, Alan (1965). History of the British West Indies (Second ed.). New York: Allen & Unwin. p. 541. ISBN 9780849019890. ... Linebaugh, Peter; Rediker, Marcus (2000). The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the ...
18th century Russian pistol. Dragoon Hussar James, Charles (1816). An Universal Military Dictionary, in English and French: In ... Zabecki, David T. (28 October 2014). Germany at War: 400 Years of Military History [4 volumes]: 400 Years of Military History. ... Turkish empire pistolier from the early 19th century. Indian cavalry trooper armed with a sabre and two pistols. The US Cavalry ... French cavalry pistol from the early 19th century. Birmingham mounted police pistol of 1840, based on the 1832 Indian Pattern. ...
Keogh, Daire (Summer 1998). "An Unfortunate Man". 18th - 19th Century History. 5 (2). Retrieved 21 November 2020. Hansard, T.C ... www.british-history.ac.uk/london-record-soc/vol5/vi-xxviii [accessed 8 December 2020] Introduction , British history online ... In the last decades of the eighteenth century the percolation of Enlightenment thinking and the dramas of American independence ... Linebaugh, Peter; Rediker, Marcus (2000). The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, Commoners, and the Hidden History of the ...
Apter-Fredericks (2014). "18th Century Memorable Pieces". 265 - 267 Fulham Road, London, SW3 6HY: Apter-Fredericks. Archived ... General history and castle". British History Online. Retrieved 21 May 2012. Judges Lodgings: Architecture, Lancashire Museums, ... The Furniture History Society. 33: 117-119. JSTOR 23408069. Accessed via JSTOR (subscription required) Clouston (1905). "Minor ... Accessed via JSTOR (subscription required) A History of Gillow of Lancaster, (Lancashire County Council, 1984) (Payne, p136) ( ...
History. and. future. *Admiralty in the 16th century. *Admiralty in the 17th century ... Admiralty in the 18th century. *Customs and traditions. *Historic forces and commands ...
Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. Constable. ISBN 0- ... Buck, George (1619). The History of the Life and Reigne of Richard the Third. London: Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 36.. ... This was the day after her grandson Henry VIII's 18th birthday, and just over two months after the death of her son. She is ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. London: Constable ...
Main article: 18th-century history of Germany. Prussia and AustriaEdit. Further information: Austria-Prussia rivalry, Kingdom ... Throughout the 18th century, the Habsburgs were embroiled in various European conflicts, such as the War of the Spanish ... By the end of the 18th century, the term "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" had fallen out of official use. Contradicting ... According to an overgenerous contemporary estimate of the Austrian War Archives for the first decade of the 18th century, the ...
History[edit]. Early 19th century workplace militancy manifested in the Luddite riots, when unemployed workers destroyed labour ... The 18th century economist Adam Smith noted the imbalance in the rights of workers in regards to owners (or "masters"). In The ... "From labour history to the history of industrial relations." Economic History Review 40.2 (1987): 159-184. Historiography ... A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889 (1964); A History of British Trade Unions Since 1889: vol. 2 1911-1933. (1985); A ...
Command history[edit]. Edwin V. Sumner March 13, 1862 - October 7, 1862 ... For the II Corps of the United States Army during the 20th - 21st Centuries, see II Corps (United States). ... 18th Army Corps. *19th Army Corps. *20th Army Corps. *21st Army Corps ... At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House the II Corps again attained a glorious place in history by Hancock's brilliant and ...
History and origin[edit]. Ancient roots[edit]. Although it is not clear whether Proto-Indo-Iranians celebrated a feast as the ... The 10th-century scholar Biruni, in his work Kitab al-Tafhim li Awa'il Sina'at al-Tanjim, provides a description of the ... The Kurds of Turkey celebrate this feast between 18th till 21 March. Kurds gather into fairgrounds mostly outside the cities to ... a b A History of Zoroastrianism: Under the Achaemenians By Mary Boyce, Frantz Grenet Published by BRILL, 1982 ISBN 90-04-06506- ...
... appeared in the 17th century through 19th century, meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia.[32 ... a b Galician at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015). *^ "Observatorio da Lingua Galega". Observatorio da Lingua Galega. Retrieved 17 ... the only official language between the 18th century and 1975. On the other hand, viewing Galician as a part of the Lusophony, ... History[edit]. One of the oldest legal charters written in Galician, the constitutional charter of the Bo Burgo (Good Burg) of ...
History[edit]. Silver coin with proto-Bengali script, Harikela Kingdom, circa 9th-13th century ... Bengali at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015). *^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bengali". ... During the standardization of Bengali in the 19th century and early 20th century, the cultural center of Bengal was in the city ... This form came into vogue towards the turn of the 19th century, promoted by the writings of Peary Chand Mitra (Alaler Gharer ...
HistoryEdit. In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural ... Used in Europe and North America for summer and fall harvest, it was developed in Germany in the 18th century, and includes the ... 1949). "XXXV". Pliny's Natural History. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2015.. ... Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne (2009) A History of Food, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, pp. 625f, ISBN 1-4443-0514-X. ...
Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ... Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... "St George's Chapel , History , Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved ... history, economics, and political science. He did not go to university but instead entered the Britannia Royal Naval College at ...
History[edit]. The disease was first recorded in the 18th century. However it was not until the 1880s that Louis Pasteur first ...
... while the 18th century Joga Pradīpikā calls it Kapālī āsana, head posture; it is number 17 of the set of 84 asanas described ... A History of Modern Yoga. *2005 Positioning Yoga. *2010 Yoga Body. *The Subtle Body ... Hemacandra's 11th century Yogaśāstra names it Duryodhanāsana ("Duryodhana's pose") or Kapālīkarana ("head technique"),[5] ... a 13th-century manual for wrestlers, names but does not describe 18 asanas including Śīrṣāsana.[6] ...
Starting in the United Kingdom in the 18th century, the Industrial Revolution was a period of great technological discovery, ... History. Main articles: History of technology, Timeline of historic inventions, and Timeline of electrical and electronic ... "History World. Retrieved 13 February 2007.. *^ James, Steven R. (February 1989). "Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle ... 2000). Visions of Technology: A Century of Vital Debate about Machines, Systems, and the Human World. Simon & Schuster, ISBN ...
In the 18th century, Engelbert Kaempfer[7] and Isaac Titsingh[8] published accounts identifying sake as a popular alcoholic ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan. I. p. 187.. *^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1781). "Bereiding van de Sacki" ("Production ... History[edit]. The origin of sake is unclear, the earliest reference to the use of alcohol in Japan is recorded in the Book of ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan: Together with a Description of the Kingdom of Siam, 1690-92, Vol I. Vol II. ...
Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... Distinguishable from history of previous illness, often called past medical history (PMH). Medical history comprises HPI and ... The modern era really began with Edward Jenner's discovery of the smallpox vaccine at the end of the 18th century (inspired by ... The post-18th century modernity period brought more groundbreaking researchers from Europe. From Germany and Austria, doctors ...
Oratam (16th century), sachem of the Hackensack. *Captain Pipe (Hopocan), (ca. 1725-ca. 1818), 18th Century chief and member of ... History[edit]. European contact[edit]. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this ... As the 18th century progressed, many surviving Lenape moved west-into the (relatively empty)[d] upper Ohio River basin. ... Beginning in the 18th century, the Moravian Church established missions among the Lenape.[50] The Moravians required the ...
"18th Conf. Severe Local Storms. American Meteorological Society.. *^ Ashton Robinson Cook; Joseph T. Schaefer (2008-01-22). " ... Marlene Bradford (2001). Scanning the Skies: A History of Tornado Forecasting. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN ... Rigorous attempts to warn of tornadoes began in the United States in the mid-20th century. Before the 1950s, the only method of ... Tornado History Project - Maps and statistics from 1950 to present. *Physics Today What we know and don't know about Tornadoes ...
History[edit]. In 1952, Niebuhr published The Irony of American History, in which he interpreted the meaning of the United ... Other leaders of American foreign policy in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century have acknowledged ... 18th c.. *Gracchus Babeuf. *Victor d'Hupay. *Gabriel Bonnot de Mably. *Sylvain Maréchal ... Faith and History (1949) ISBN 0-684-15318-1. *The Irony of American History, Charles Scribner's Sons (1952), 1985 reprint: ISBN ...
HistoryEdit. Main article: History of Ohio State University. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. ( ... In the last quarter century,[clarification needed] 32 Ohio State faculty members have received the Guggenheim Fellowship, more ... Ohio State operates the North America's 18th-largest university research library with a combined collection of over 5.8 million ... "History of the Ohio Union". Archived from the original on December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.. ...
Religious theatre plays about the Tibetan hermit Milarepa were already performed in the 18th and 19th centuries. The oldest ... The Secret History of the Mongols mentions Genghis Khan as the leader of all people who live in felt tents, called gers, and ... Before the 20th century, most works of the fine arts in Mongolia had a religious function, and therefore Mongolian fine arts ... In the 17th century, Tibetan Buddhism became the dominant religion in Mongolia. Traditional Shamanism was, except in some ...
Many people from this area of Great Britain emigrated to North America between 1717 and the end of the 18th century. ... History[edit]. The evolutionary history of Borrelia burgdorferi genetics has been the subject of recent studies. One study has ... Drymon, MM (2008). Disguised as the devil: how Lyme disease created witches and changed history. pp. 51-52. ISBN 978-0-615- ... Newby, Kris (2019). Bitten: the Secret History of Lyme Disease and Biological Weapons. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780062896278. .. ...
Cunningham, Lawrence (2005). A brief history of saints. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 33. ISBN 978-1-4051-1402-8. . The fourth-century ... Saint Nicholas, Russian icon from first quarter of the 18th century (Kizhi monastery, Karelia) ... Nearly all the sources Eustratius references date from the late fourth century to early fifth century,[17] indicating the Life ... Domenico, Roy Palmer (2002). The regions of Italy: a reference guide to history and culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 21 ...
Use of a divining Rod observed in Britain in the late 18th century ... Part II: a case-study on dowsing and the naturalisation of the moral, 1685-1710". Studies in History and Philosophy of ... In the lead-mining area of the Mendip Hills in Somerset in the 17th century the natural philosopher Robert Boyle, inspired by ... Dowsing as practiced today may have originated in Germany during the 15th century, when it was used in attempts to find metals ...
18th century) and colonisation (19th century) the bird life was prolific. With them, the Europeans brought ship rats, possums, ... Roberts, Callum (2007). The Unnatural History of the Sea.. *^ Claudia Geib (July 16, 2020). "North Atlantic right whales now ... HistoryEdit. There are roughly 880 mountain gorillas remaining. 60% of primate species face an anthropogenically driven ... Scientific Experts Believe We are in Midst of Fastest Mass Extinction in Earth's History". American Museum of Natural History ...
In the 17th century and the 18th century was besieged by both the Spanish and French armies, interested in its strategical ... HistoryEdit. The fortified town from an engraving of 1745. On the left the river Po, and to the right the star-shaped ... In the 17th and 18th centuries, Casale was the site for premieres of operas by Giulio Cesare Monteverdi, Pietro Guglielmi, and ... Of particular interest are the Tablets of the Law in gilded wood, dating from the 18th century, numerous Rimonim (finials to ...
Rushes of the 18th century[edit]. *Carolina Gold Rush, Cabarrus County, North Carolina, US (1799)[4] ... a history of two centuries (Rev. ed.). Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. pp. 64-91. ISBN 978-0-295-97129-2. ... 2 (Spring 2006) copyright North Carolina Museum of History.. *^ Halloran, Jim (September 2010). "Alaska's Hope-Sunrise Mining ... "FX Micheloud Monetary History. François Micheloud: www.micheloud.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-20.. ...
It was the principal pet dog of the late 18th century in Spain, as shown by the paintings of the Spanish artist Francisco Goya ... "History of the Bichon Frise". Bichon Frise Club of America, Inc. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 22 ... The smallest, or Toy variety, was developed in England in the 18th century. Hunting and working dogs were typically of the ... Early 19th century: from German Pudel(hund), from Low German pud(d)eln 'splash in water' (the poodle being a water-dog).. ...
A few 18th Century roads, including the ferry road or Palmer Turnpike from Brooklyn to Jamaica, passed through the chain of ... History[edit]. Early history and development[edit]. At the northern edge of what is now East New York, a chain of hills, ... The "New Lots" east of the Town of Flatbush were laid out in the 18th century and were considered to be an eastward extension ... and General History of the State, and a Complete History and Description of Every County, City, Town, Village and Locality: ...
"Gunpowder Composition for Rockets and Cannon in Arabic Military Treatises In Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries". History of ... invented in Turkey in the early 18th century.[12] Other medical treatments believed to have been developed by Muslim physicians ... "History of Science and Technology in Islam. Dicapai 2008-03-29.. *^ Sarton, George, Introduction to the History of Science. (cf ... Campbell, I.C. (1995), The Lateen Sail in World History (PDF), 6 (1), Journal of World History, m/s. 4-8. ...
With the arrival of Romantic sentiments in the late 18th century, El Greco's works were examined anew.[77] To French writer ... The works he produced in Italy belong to the history of the Italian art, and those he produced in Spain to the history of ... Late 17th- and early 18th-century Spanish commentators praised his skill but criticized his antinaturalistic style and his ... 807)," in The John G. Johnson Collection: A History and Selected Works, a Philadelphia Museum of Art free digital publication ...
18th-century German literature Kingdom of Prussia German dualism Austrian Empire Sheehan, James J. (1989). German History: 1770 ... Germany, or more exactly the old Holy Roman Empire, in the 18th century entered a period of decline that would finally lead to ... By the mid-18th century the "Aufklärung" (The Enlightenment) had transformed German high culture in music, philosophy, science ... To the east and south of Prussia, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth had gradually weakened during the 18th century. Frederick ...
By the end of this century, global Muslim population was estimated at 115 million. Timeline of Muslim history. ...
This is a brief guide to help you find records about 18th century political history. There are various types of material ... This is a brief guide to help you find records about 18th century political history. There are various types of material ... How to look for records of... Political history in the 18th century. How can I view the records covered in this guide?. View ... Home , Help with your research , Research guides , Political history in the 18th century ...
History, Saint Andrews, School of History. Research interests: 18th c. France and Britain; cultural and social history; history ... of Art History, Open, Department of Art History. Research interests: 18th c. British art; gender. Teacher ... History, Saint Andrews, School of History. Research interests: 18th and 19th c. Germany and France; travel and travel writing; ... History, Saint Andrews, School of History. Research interests: 17th and 18th c. France and Spain; war and international ...
History, Glasgow, Department of History. Teacher Dr. Nicola Whyte. Sen. Lecturer in History, Exeter, History - Cornwall Campus ... Lecturer in History, Exeter, History. Research interests: Russian political and social history, 18th-20th c., particularly ... in Sociology, Exeter, History. Research interests: History of heredity, natural history and racial anthropology, 18th-20th c.. ... History, Exeter, History. Research interests: Rural history; English economic and social history 16th-19th c.. Teacher ...
A History of the World is a partnership between the BBC and the British Museum that focuses on world history, involving ... A History of the World - Object : 18th century outdoor kitchen stove ... 18th century outdoor kitchen stove. Contributed by Fountains Abbey and Studley Royal. 18th century outdoor kitchen stove ... Most of the content on A History of the World is created by the contributors, who are the museums and members of the public. ...
Research Resources Home > History > 18th and 19th Century History > Malias favorite resources ... See more 18th and 19th Century History Resources by type of information:. ... 18th and 19th Century History Resources (all). Now Showing: All Resources (A-Z). All Resources (Popularity). Malias Favorites ... Provides digital editions of nearly all books published in Great Britain in the 18th century... [more info]. Location: Campus/ ...
Research Resources Home > History > 18th and 19th Century History > Showing all 3 18th and 19th Century History resources with ... 18th and 19th Century History Resources with Legislative & Congressional Information. Now Showing: All Resources (A-Z). All ... An incomparably rich collection of primary source material on all aspects of American history originating from Congress and ... Cross-searches subscribed Readex collections reflecting the history of the United States through its congressional publications ...
... a history from the 18th to the 20th century : the collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute. [Kyōto Fukushoku Bunka Kenkyū ... Fashion : a history from the 18th to the 20th century : the collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute. Author:. Kyōto ... Fashion : a history from the 18th to the 20th century : the collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute/Kyōto Fukushoku Bunka ... Add tags for "Fashion : a history from the 18th to the 20th century : the collection of the Kyoto Costume Institute". Be the ...
HISTORY 286 - A History of Eastern Christianity from the 4th to the 18th Century ... HISTORY 286 - A History of Eastern Christianity from the 4th to the 18th Century ... Click the button below to view historical syllabi for HISTORY 286 (UM login required). View Historical Syllabi ... Attention is also given to the Russian Church from the 9th century to the Old Believer schism and Church reforms of Peter the ...
East Asian History Sourcebook, Indian History Sourcebook, Islamic History Sourcebook REFERENCE. K.N. Chaudhuri, Asia before ...
This map shows English settlements in the Penobscot Bay area around the time of the American Revolution. Base map provided through the Maine State GIS web page ...
I am trying to research "small bar lead" use in Great Britain & the New World during the 17th & 18th century. Records show that ... Topic: 17th & 18th century small bar-lead.. Posted: 30-Nov-2013 at 20:58. ... Notice: This is the official website of the All Empires History Community (Reg. 10 Feb 2002) ... You are very lucky living in an area with so much history, & I envy you your collection of gun flints. For me there is ...
18th century. This means that the period approximately covers the years from 1660 through 1830. ... Privacy , Copyright Information , Disclaimer , About the 18th Century History , Web Site Terms and Conditions of Use ... Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at 18th Century History Copyright Page Exceptions: The works by ... This Article on the 18th Century History website by Rick Brainard is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- ...
Parent Category: 18th Century History Articles Category: Guest Authors User Rating: 0 / 5 ... Privacy , Copyright Information , Disclaimer , About the 18th Century History , Web Site Terms and Conditions of Use ... Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at 18th Century History Copyright Page Exceptions: The works by ... This Article on the 18th Century History website by Rick Brainard is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- ...
History Happy Hour: Pitchforks to Chairs 18th and 19th Century Woodworking Tools ... be speaking about 18th and 19th century woodworking tools and techniques and the utilitarian items they produced at History ... History Happy Hour is a collaborative program that features speakers and researchers from various local organizations, museums ... For more information on the Chester Inn Museum, History Happy Hour, or the Heritage Alliance please call our office at 423.753. ...
WROCLAW PIANO MANUFACTURERS AT THE END OF THE 18TH AND DURING THE 19TH CENTURY - A FOOTNOTE TO THE HISTORY OF MUSICAL ... For example, the Poznan press from the first half of the nineteenth century contained information about a number of Wroclaw ... The main centre of such manufacture was Wroclaw, although from mid-nineteenth century it was overtaken by Legnica. Polish ... Two Silesian music lexicons from the first half of the nineteenth century, containing short biographies of makers of musical ...
Tissue samples from a Hungarian mummy have revealed that people in the early 17th and 18th centuries suffered from colon cancer ... In the past, studies of mummified remains have provided clues about the history of tuberculosis, clogged arteries and even air ... Tissue samples from a Hungarian mummy have revealed that people in the early 17th and 18th centuries suffered from colon cancer ... In a new study of 18th-century Hungarian mummies, scientists found that the genetic predisposition to colon cancer predates ...
18th century[edit]. Colonial wars[edit]. Main article: Military history of Nova Scotia ... 19th century[edit]. Early 19th century[edit]. Renewed wars with France[edit]. The French Revolutionary and later Napoleonic ... In the Province of History: The Making of the Public Past in Twentieth-Century Nova Scotia (2010) ... 3 18th century *3.1 Colonial wars *3.1.1 Expulsion of the Acadians ...
2 Usage throughout history *2.1 18th century *2.1.1 American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) ... 18th century[edit]. American Revolutionary War (1775-1783)[edit]. During the American Revolutionary War the Continental ... Usage throughout history[edit]. The United States Government has, at numerous times throughout American History, issued Bills ... New Jersey: A History. New York: Norton. 1984.. External links[edit]. *"Bills of Credit" section of The Constitutional Law Of ...
A list of the last pirates from the history of pirates, with lots of pictures and images. The most famous pirate from this age ... food politics & history relationships travel thought provoking weird history graveyard shift total nerd anime underground weird ... Filed Under: People PeopleHistoryPirates prev list more popular lists next list ... Pirate history is as old as boats themselves. By this time, pirates had long been the scourge of the United States, as well as ...
One course in History of Philosophy (B); 17th and 18th Century; e.g.. *321 History of Modern Philosophy ... One course in History of Philosophy (A): Ancient and Medieval; e.g.. *320 History of Ancient Philosophy ...
Test your knowledge on this history quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by Ameyerfire ... Tags:Century Quiz, War Quiz, 18th, date, event. Top Quizzes Today. Top Quizzes Today in History. *On This Day: April 23rd II416 ... History Quiz / 18th Century Dates. Random History or Century Quiz Can you name the 18th Century Dates?. by Ameyerfire ... Can you name the 18th Century Dates? ... Top User Quizzes in History. *European Countries by 3 Artists55 ...
Tracing the history. The condition was first named by George Findlay, a South African dermatologist based at the University of ... How a rare skin disease links South Africa to an 18th Century French seaman ...
History/Philosophy of History of Mathematics. Current trends in the History of Mathematics. Ethnomathematics. History of ... 15th-18th Century). Milestones of Science Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 11/08/2007 - 20:21. *Early Modern (15th-18th Century) ... Echo is a project of the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University © Copyright 2008 Center for History and New ... Caduceus-L: History of the health sciences. Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 11/08/2007 - 20:21. *Contemporary (Post-WWII) ...
Between 15th and 18th centuries. During the beginning of the 15th Century scientists developed greater understanding of the ... Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, some believed that cancer was contagious. ... History of the causes of cancer. There have been numerous theories of causes of cancer throughout ages. For example, the ... The 19th Century. Rudolf Virchow, often called the founder of cellular pathology, founded the basis for pathologic study of ...
A Guide To British Military History : The Subject and the Sources. What exactly is military history? Forty years ago it meant ... Just over three centuries ago, there was a major battle in Scotland that was to decide the fate of the newly established - and ... The terrible conflict that dominated the mid 19th century, the Crimean War killed at least 800,000 men and pitted Russia ... A Guide To British Military History The Subject and the Sources by Ian F W Beckett ...
Ive been there several times and always enjoy this walk through history. ... 18th Century Harpers Ferry. Harpers Ferry sits at a point where the Shenandoah and Potomac Rivers meet. Back in the 18th ... A place that has seen many events over the centuries, today it stands as a tribute to its rich history and is a national park. ... Auto Business Entertainment Health History Home Lifestyle Sports Tech Travel >> Auto History Sports IB University ...
Commerce - History - 18th century.. The politics of commercial treaties in the eighteenth century : balance of power, balance ... Rule of law - England - History - 18th century.. Britain and its internal others, 1750-1800 : under rule of law / Dana Rabin.. ... Insanity (Law) - Great Britain - History - 19th century - Cases.. Mad or bad : crime and insanity in Victorian Britain / David ... Asian Americans - Southern States - History - 20th century.. A different shade of justice : Asian Americans civil rights in the ...
... s most-wanted drug-lord by Douglas Century, Cole Merrell (Paperback, 2017). Shop with confidence on eBay! ... 19th Century History (World & General) Paperback Books. *. 18th Century History (World & General) Paperback Books. ... item 6 HUNTING EL CHAPO, Hogan, Andrew, Century, Douglas, 9780008245849 -HUNTING EL CHAPO, Hogan, Andrew, Century, Douglas, ... Hunting El Chapo: Taking down the worlds most-wanted drug-lord by Douglas Century, Cole Merrell (Paperback, 2017). Be the ...
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  • Stimulating and enjoyable volumes which narrate the exciting story of how Wales was spiritually transformed in the 18th and 19th centuries. (banneroftruth.org)
  • The history of feminine beauty continued to change during the 20th Century. (history1700s.com)
  • These musical forms had a wide-ranging influence on the development of music within the United States and around the world during the 20th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the end, the British won the struggle and continued to import opium through Hong Kong into China throughout the early 20th century. (recovery.org)
  • The Library of Congress has recently digitized a group of puzzle maps dating from the late 18th to the early 20th century. (slate.com)
  • The balance of power from the early 20th century onward underwent drastic changes that for all practical purposes destroyed the European power structure as it had existed since the end of the Middle Ages. (britannica.com)
  • Prior to the 20th century, the political world was composed of a number of separate and independent balance-of-power systems, such as the European, the American, the Chinese, and the Indian. (britannica.com)
  • In the late 20th century, some Third World nations resisted the advances of the superpowers and maintained a nonaligned stance in international politics. (britannica.com)
  • Status of welsh language in 20th century and current status. (prezi.com)
  • Commissioned especially for the new series and appearing here for the first time, essays cover the world's most important events and developments - from 1701 through 1800 - in the century that witnessed the world's transition to a modern industrial and scientific society. (waterstones.com)
  • Stanley, Jerome (2002) William Holder and his position in seventeenth-century philosophy and music theory. (buffalo.edu)
  • Another 126 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1290, 1457, 1498, 1657, 1700, 1721, 1740, 1787, 1804, and 1843 are included under the topic Early Nestler History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • During the beginning of the 15th Century scientists developed greater understanding of the workings of human body and its disease processes. (news-medical.net)
  • DUTCH EMPIRE: AMERICA NORTH AMERICA - Various Authors, "The Colonial History of New York under the Dutch", CD-Rom in 5 volumes. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • Search State Papers Online (institutional subscription required) for 18th century State Papers Domestic, Foreign, Scotland and Ireland. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Search the 18th Century Parliamentary Papers Collection (institutional subscription required) for digitised copies of official papers published by the House of Commons and House of Lords. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • Search the catalogues on the British Library website to find 18th century political pamphlets and newspapers. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • LORD GUTHRIE, 1908 'His history is a triumphant vindication of the place which belongs to the Covenanters in the making of Scotland. (banneroftruth.org)
  • The main purpose of this study is the transition process of French drama from the humanism drama in the 16th century to the baroque drama, the classical drama, and the enlightenment drama in the 18th century, with the 17th century being the peak. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Provides digital editions of nearly all books published in Great Britain in the 18th century. (jmu.edu)
  • I am trying to research "small bar lead" use in Great Britain & the New World during the 17th & 18th century. (allempires.com)
  • Students researched decades that saw the Stuart restoration, the devastation of London by plague and fire, and the political crises that made 18th-century Britain a fervently Protestant nation with a strong parliament and an influential public sphere of conversation and print. (brandeis.edu)
  • A new class on 18th-century London that has students reading novels, tracking the Great Plague and following the course of history on individual maps has won the Innovative Course Design award from the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies for its creators. (brandeis.edu)
  • To provide understanding of the larger forces shaping 18th-century London cultural and social life, they assigned Roy Porter's "English Society in the Eighteenth Century. (brandeis.edu)
  • David Clemis, review of Susanne Schmid and Barbara Schmidt-Haberkamp, eds, Drink in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries ," in Social History of Alcohol and Drugs 29 (2015): 136-38. (alcoholanddrugshistorysociety.org)
  • The last years of the eighteenth century reflected both a change of patronage of music from the aristocracy to the rising middle-classes and the rise of Romanticism in the arts. (artandpopularculture.com)
  • Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. (houseofnames.com)
  • In the eighteenth century, Giambattista Vico (1668 - 1744) divided history into three ages in his New Science (1725): the age of gods, the age of heroes, and the age of humans. (encyclopedia.com)
  • During the eighteenth century, a time of almost constant international warfare, European states had to borrow money to finance their military operations. (jhu.edu)
  • In the previous chapter, I stated that loans and donativos functioned as bargaining channels through which donors and lenders legitimately accessed the Spanish distribution of income and power in the eighteenth century. (jhu.edu)
  • Fragonard's eighteenth-century ecorches were the clear precursors to Gunther von Hagens' "Body Worlds" exhibits: preserved, injected, partially dissected bodies in lifelike, dramatic poses, with ragged strips of muscle draped like primitive clothing over exposed vessels and nerves. (blogspot.com)
  • After centuries of dormancy, Mount Vesuvius erupts in southern Italy, devastating the prosperous Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum and killing thousands. (history.com)
  • In the 18th century, Pompeii. (history.com)
  • After the decline of the Roman Empire , the origin of seafaring soldiers was lost throughout the archaic history of the world, being revived when the cannon became practical for use on naval vessels. (wikibooks.org)
  • Perhaps the earliest lineal predecessor of the modern Marine Corps was the creation and evolution of marines dating back the European naval wars during the 16th and 17th centuries . (wikibooks.org)
  • This design was lost with them until it re-emerged in mid-19th century America. (slate.com)
  • With one of the world's most extensive clothing collections, the KCI has amassed a wide range of historical garments, underwear, shoes, and fashion accessories dating from the 18th century to the present day. (worldcat.org)
  • Research interests: History of heredity, natural history and racial anthropology, 18th-20th c. (history.ac.uk)
  • A location was found in the Montagu House, a mansion in the Bloomsbury section of London, which was to remain the museum's site into the 21st century. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • This course traces Eastern Christianity from the 2nd to the 16th century. (umich.edu)
  • The colonial history of Nova Scotia includes the present-day Canadian Maritime provinces and northern Maine (see Sunbury County, Nova Scotia ), all of which were at one time part of Nova Scotia. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 16th and 17th centuries, people were obsessed with the concept of mental illness. (preceden.com)
  • The Milestones of Science" is a collection of first editions by world famous early scientists that form a veritable history of science, acquired in the late 1930s by the Museum of Science in Buffalo, New York, and now housed by the Buffalo and Erie County Public Library. (gmu.edu)
  • But what can this largely forgotten evangelist of the nineteenth century teach us today? (banneroftruth.org)
  • Tissue samples from a Hungarian mummy have revealed that people in the early 17th and 18th centuries suffered from colon cancer, long before the modern plagues of obesity, physical inactivity and processed food were established as causes of the disease, according to new research. (foxnews.com)
  • Early 19th century British poets popularized and romanticized its use. (recovery.org)
  • Another 267 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1775, 1790, 1452, 1454, 1540, 1555, 1745 and 1745 are included under the topic Early McMullen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • Another 30 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McMullen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw the ancestors of many Scots on both sides of the border begin to recover their collective national heritage through Clan societies and highland games. (houseofnames.com)
  • Another 125 words (9 lines of text) are included under the topic Early McAllen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • The young Nestler family played a crucial role in the early history of the region, and contributed greatly to the development of medieval Swabian society. (houseofnames.com)
  • A different vision of early urban religiosity comes from the ancient site of Jericho, well known from a number of biblical passages and excavated repeatedly since the nineteenth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Illustration from unidentified late 19th century history of England. (lookandlearn.com)
  • The modern genres of blues and ragtime were developed during the late 19th century by fusing West African vocalizations - which employed the natural harmonic series , and blue notes . (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 18th century folk spirituals originated among Southern slaves, following their conversion to Christianity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it was first synthesized in the late 19th century, heroin has roots that go back thousands of years to the use of opium in ancient civilizations. (recovery.org)
  • According to Richard Taruskin , the active concert life of late 18th-century London meant that "the role and the function of arts criticism as we know it today were the creations of the English public. (artandpopularculture.com)
  • Several prominent figures in Australian history arose in the late 19th century. (rationalwiki.org)
  • Late 17th- and 18th-century European descriptions of the disease. (springer.com)
  • The site of the Empire State Building was first developed as the John Thompson Farm in the late 18th century. (flickr.com)
  • Beginning in the late 19th century, the block was occupied by the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, frequented by The Four Hundred, the social elite of New York. (flickr.com)
  • In light of the many lifestyle and environmental changes human society has undergone during the last few centuries, we found it important to compare the spectrum of historical mutations to the modern spectrum. (foxnews.com)
  • They kicked off the class with historical framing about the nature of the city as a social and material entity and with a brief history of London as it emerged from its Roman and Medieval influences. (brandeis.edu)
  • Originally being passed down orally, folk spirituals have been central in the lives of African Americans for more than three centuries, serving religious, cultural, social, political, and historical functions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Involving students in real historical problems that convey powerful lessons about world history, these activities combine core content with valuable practice in decision making, critical thinking, and understanding multiple perspectives. (socialstudies.com)
  • Germany, or more exactly the old Holy Roman Empire, in the 18th century entered a period of decline that would finally lead to the dissolution of the Empire during the Napoleonic Wars. (wikipedia.org)
  • The influence of African Americans on mainstream American music began in the 19th century, with the advent of blackface minstrelsy . (wikipedia.org)
  • Book Description Although much has been written on the evangelical revival of the 18th century, J. C. Ryle's Christian Leaders of the 18th Century remains the best popular introduction to this great spiritual era. (banneroftruth.org)
  • An outstanding biography of the great preacher of the 18th century evangelical revival, popularly written, and with an urgent message for the present day. (banneroftruth.org)
  • Book Description John Gresham Machen (1881-1937) was one of the most significant figures in the evangelical church throughout the twentieth century. (banneroftruth.org)
  • Jane Kamensky , the Harry S. Truman Professor of American Civilization and Susan Lanser , professor of English, Women's and Gender Studies and Comparative Literature, collaborated to bring students a class that combines history and literature for a comprehensive understanding of what it might have been like to live in London during the period. (brandeis.edu)
  • Medieval French writer Chretien de Troyes: popularity in 12th century France where Chretien transformed them into something like the Arthurian legends. (prezi.com)
  • The introduction of numerical methods to assess the effects of medical interventions during the 18th century: a brief history. (jameslindlibrary.org)
  • Reinforced buttonholes weren't invented until the mid-13th century). (slate.com)
  • We both specialize in the 18th-century, with England as a point of intersection," says Lanser. (brandeis.edu)
  • In 1588 (as we all should know) England had decisively won the battle against the Spanish Armada and rendered Spain powerless, thus allowing England to become the dominant power at sea over the next 3 centuries. (hubpages.com)
  • The unlikely coincidence of a local hospital record and a census led by a pioneering physician has enabled the first study charting rates of venereal disease in 18th century England, revealing high infection levels in the city of Chester at this time. (cam.ac.uk)
  • In a new study of 18th-century Hungarian mummies , scientists found that the genetic predisposition to colon cancer predates modern impacts on health. (foxnews.com)
  • both are conceptual and auditory, and these factors have been present in music of all styles and in all periods of history, throughout the world. (britannica.com)
  • The chronological scope is vast, from prehistory to the present, and it is therefore a selective survey focusing on particular artistic traditions in depth, chosen from the major periods of South Asian history. (willamette.edu)
  • Detailed research on Arguin castle history during the Portuguese, Dutch and Brandenburg periods. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • Paul de Wit's address books provided data about companies from the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth centuries. (edu.pl)
  • Sloane's collection of books, coins, artifacts, and natural history specimens had grown so large that he was forced to buy a neighboring house in order to have enough space. (referenceforbusiness.com)
  • The original page is located at http://en.wiki books.org/wi ki/User:RekonDog/Definitive_History_of_the_United_States_Marine_Corps/Institutions/Prologue . (wikibooks.org)
  • Illustration by the Franciscan missionary Bernardino de Sahagun who wrote detailed accounts of the Aztec history during his life there from 1545 until his death in 1590 into 12 books entitled "General History of the Things of New Spain. (cdc.gov)
  • The Department of Classics and Ancient History bookshelf is a round-up of authored and edited books from our academics. (bris.ac.uk)
  • Here are books on significant events and revivals in the history of the Church as well as Christian biographies (pastoral, missionary, puritan and reformer biographies). (banneroftruth.org)
  • According to the oral histories of many of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have been living on this continent since their genesis, described by a wide range of traditional creation stories . (wikipedia.org)
  • Writes about the 18th century and various other sewing projects in Isis' Wardrobe and about creating a 1940's wardrobe in Fashionably Forties. (blogspot.com)
  • The earliest known button, writes Ian McNeil in An Encyclopedia of the History of Technology , "was originally used more as an ornament than as a fastening, the earliest known being found at Mohenjo-daro in the Indus Valley [now Pakistan]. (slate.com)
  • About the middle of the eleventh century," writes Carl Köhler in A History of Costume , "clothes began to be made so close-fitting that they followed the lines of the body from shoulders to hips like a glove. (slate.com)
  • This was a drastic increase from previous centuries since people had access to a healthier lifestyle with advancements like immunizations, clean running water, and better nutrition. (history1700s.com)
  • Fully sequenced genomes of more than 100 Ashkenazi people clarify the group's history and provide a reference for researchers and physicians trying to pinpoint disease-associated genes. (the-scientist.com)
  • But understanding what they meant to the spiritual lives of their owners can offer a glimpse of the human hopes and fears that people have, for centuries, invested in inanimate objects. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Elkins's view Murder, has not quite such history, skills to the literature's correct phrase mountain and male feat, and while its people n't know previous SLAVERY was quite an g on the wrong referral at the evolution of forty. (manniongray.com)
  • 5-6 miles upstream are the towns of Hainsport and Lumberton, 2 important port towns of the 18th cent. (allempires.com)
  • world food grain consumption 18th-20th c. (history.ac.uk)
  • Most of the content on A History of the World is created by the contributors, who are the museums and members of the public. (bbc.co.uk)
  • An index with abstracts to more than 1,800 journals in 40 languages on world history from 1450 to the present. (jmu.edu)
  • Notice: This is the official website of the All Empires History Community (Reg. (allempires.com)
  • This Article on the 18th Century History website by Rick Brainard is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License .Based on a work at 18th Century History . (history1700s.com)
  • A renaissance of the art form occurred in the 18th century when artists would trace the distinguished profiles of the Lords and Ladies at royal balls. (hhhistory.com)
  • The history of Native Americans in the United States began in ancient times tens of thousands of years ago with the settlement of the Americas by the Paleo-Indians . (wikipedia.org)
  • An ancient stone-and-timber breakwater, perhaps dating back to the 2nd century BC, perfectly preserved by a change in the river's path. (listverse.com)
  • However, tradition may more properly ascribe the origin from a particular tribe in Moray that has descended from the ancient Pictish tribe of Kanteai, thought to have existed in the first half of the second century AD. (houseofnames.com)
  • The idea that history is composed of cycles is ancient. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It begins with Constantine's conversion and traces the growth of the church, the rise of monasticism, the creation of the creed (the Councils of Nicea and Chalcedon), and the secession of the Eastern churches (Coptic and Syriac), the role of religious pictures and the iconoclast dispute and relations with the West (Rome) which were frequently strained before the official break in the 11th century. (umich.edu)
  • London-born Brian Sheffey moved to Roxbury last year to research Sheffey family history. (baystatebanner.com)