Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
A part of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA situated in the olivary body. It is involved with motor control and is a major source of sensory input to the CEREBELLUM.
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Unlawful act of taking property.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Reconstruction of a historical genealogy by means of STR analysis and Y-haplotyping of ancient DNA. (1/345)

Archaeological excavations in St Margaretha's church at Reichersdorf, Germany, in 1993 led to the discovery of eight skeletons, so far assumed to be of the Earls of Konigsfeld, who used the church as a family sepulchre over a period of seven generations from 1546 to 1749. DNA-based sex testing and analysis of autosomal short tandem repeat systems (STR) was carried out to confirm the assumption of kinship. Since five of the individuals were determined as males, analysis of Y-specific STRs seemed feasible. A comparison of Y-haplotypes revealed that one individual could not be linked to the Konigsfeld patrilineage, an observation supported by autosomal STR evidence. Two individuals typed as females posed an identification problem, since supposedly only male members of the family were buried in St Margaretha's. Nevertheless, these individuals could tentatively be identified as members of the House of Konigsfeld through genetic fingerprinting.  (+info)

Abetalipoproteinemia caused by maternal isodisomy of chromosome 4q containing an intron 9 splice acceptor mutation in the microsomal triglyceride transfer protein gene. (2/345)

Uniparental disomy (UPD), a rare inheritance of 2 copies of a single chromosome homolog or a region of a chromosome from one parent, can result in various autosomal recessive diseases. Abetalipoproteinemia (ABL) is a rare autosomal recessive deficiency of apoB-containing lipoproteins caused by a microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) deficiency. In this study, we describe a patient with ABL inherited as a homozygous intron 9 splice acceptor G(-1)-to-A mutation of the transfer protein gene. This mutation alters the splicing of the mRNA, resulting in a 36 amino acids, in-frame deletion of sequence encoded by exon 10. We analyzed chromosome 4, including MTP gene (4q22-24), using short tandem repeat markers. The proband has only his mother's genes in chromosome 4q spanning a 150-centimorgan region; ie, segmental maternal isodisomy 4q21-35, probably due to mitotic recombination. Nonpaternity between the proband and his father was excluded using 6 polymorphic markers from different chromosomes (paternity probability, 0.999). Maternal isodisomy (maternal UPD 4q) was the basis for homozygosity of the MTP gene mutation in this patient.  (+info)

Pertussis in the preantibiotic and prevaccine era, with emphasis on adult pertussis. (3/345)

Pertussis was first recognized as an epidemic disease in the 16th century. The classic illness is a three-stage illness (catarrhal, spasmodic, and convalescent), with a distinctive cough, and its characteristics today are similar to those in the prevaccine era. In the prevaccine era, the calculated attack rate was 872/100,000 population, and the majority of cases occurred in children <5 years of age. On average, there were 7,300 deaths/year; the death rate began to decline before antimicrobial therapy and vaccination. Reported pertussis in adults was rare, but numerous investigators noted that atypical cases of pertussis were common in adults.  (+info)

From Shakespeare to Defoe: malaria in England in the Little Ice Age. (4/345)

Present global temperatures are in a warming phase that began 200 to 300 years ago. Some climate models suggest that human activities may have exacerbated this phase by raising the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Discussions of the potential effects of the weather include predictions that malaria will emerge from the tropics and become established in Europe and North America. The complex ecology and transmission dynamics of the disease, as well as accounts of its early history, refute such predictions. Until the second half of the 20th century, malaria was endemic and widespread in many temperate regions, with major epidemics as far north as the Arctic Circle. From 1564 to the 1730s the coldest period of the Little Ice Age malaria was an important cause of illness and death in several parts of England. Transmission began to decline only in the 19th century, when the present warming trend was well under way. The history of the disease in England underscores the role of factors other than temperature in malaria transmission.  (+info)

Historical and cultural roots of drinking problems among American Indians. (5/345)

Roots of the epidemic of alcohol-related problems among many Native North Americans are sought in cultural responses to European arrival, the role of alcohol in frontier society, and colonial and postcolonial policies. Evidence from the historical record is considered within the framework of current social science. Initially, Native American's responses to alcohol were heavily influenced by the example of White frontiersmen, who drank immoderately and engaged in otherwise unacceptable behavior while drunk. Whites also deliberately pressed alcohol upon the natives because it was an immensely profitable trade good; in addition, alcohol was used as a tool of "diplomacy" in official dealings between authorities and natives. The authors argue that further research into the origins of modern indigenous people's problems with alcohol would benefit from an interdisciplinary "determinants of health" approach in which biological influences on alcohol problems are investigated in the context of the cultural, social, and economic forces that have shaped individual and group drinking patterns.  (+info)

Michelangelo: art, anatomy, and the kidney. (6/345)

Michelangelo (1475-1564) had a life-long interest in anatomy that began with his participation in public dissections in his early teens, when he joined the court of Lorenzo de' Medici and was exposed to its physician-philosopher members. By the age of 18, he began to perform his own dissections. His early anatomic interests were revived later in life when he aspired to publish a book on anatomy for artists and to collaborate in the illustration of a medical anatomy text that was being prepared by the Paduan anatomist Realdo Colombo (1516-1559). His relationship with Colombo likely began when Colombo diagnosed and treated him for nephrolithiasis in 1549. He seems to have developed gouty arthritis in 1555, making the possibility of uric acid stones a distinct probability. Recurrent urinary stones until the end of his life are well documented in his correspondence, and available documents imply that he may have suffered from nephrolithiasis earlier in life. His terminal illness with symptoms of fluid overload suggests that he may have sustained obstructive nephropathy. That this may account for his interest in kidney function is evident in his poetry and drawings. Most impressive in this regard is the mantle of the Creator in his painting of the Separation of Land and Water in the Sistine Ceiling, which is in the shape of a bisected right kidney. His use of the renal outline in a scene representing the separation of solids (Land) from liquid (Water) suggests that Michelangelo was likely familiar with the anatomy and function of the kidney as it was understood at the time.  (+info)

Clinical classification and terminology: some history and current observations. (7/345)

The evolution of health terminology has undergone glacial transition over time, although this pace has quickened recently. After a long history of near neglect, unimaginative structure, and factitious development, health terminologies are in an era of unprecedented importance, sophistication, and collaboration. The major highlights of this history are reviewed, together with important intellectual advances in health terminology development. The inescapable conclusion is that we are amidst a major revolution in the role and capabilities of health terminologies, entering an age of large-scale systems for health concept representation with international implications.  (+info)

Food of the gods: cure for humanity? A cultural history of the medicinal and ritual use of chocolate. (8/345)

The medicinal use of cacao, or chocolate, both as a primary remedy and as a vehicle to deliver other medicines, originated in the New World and diffused to Europe in the mid 1500s. These practices originated among the Olmec, Maya and Mexica (Aztec). The word cacao is derived from Olmec and the subsequent Mayan languages (kakaw); the chocolate-related term cacahuatl is Nahuatl (Aztec language), derived from Olmec/Mayan etymology. Early colonial era documents included instructions for the medicinal use of cacao. The Badianus Codex (1552) noted the use of cacao flowers to treat fatigue, whereas the Florentine Codex (1590) offered a prescription of cacao beans, maize and the herb tlacoxochitl (Calliandra anomala) to alleviate fever and panting of breath and to treat the faint of heart. Subsequent 16th to early 20th century manuscripts produced in Europe and New Spain revealed >100 medicinal uses for cacao/chocolate. Three consistent roles can be identified: 1) to treat emaciated patients to gain weight; 2) to stimulate nervous systems of apathetic, exhausted or feeble patients; and 3) to improve digestion and elimination where cacao/chocolate countered the effects of stagnant or weak stomachs, stimulated kidneys and improved bowel function. Additional medical complaints treated with chocolate/cacao have included anemia, poor appetite, mental fatigue, poor breast milk production, consumption/tuberculosis, fever, gout, kidney stones, reduced longevity and poor sexual appetite/low virility. Chocolate paste was a medium used to administer drugs and to counter the taste of bitter pharmacological additives. In addition to cacao beans, preparations of cacao bark, oil (cacao butter), leaves and flowers have been used to treat burns, bowel dysfunction, cuts and skin irritations.  (+info)

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Get information, facts, and pictures about Leonardo da Vinci at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Leonardo da Vinci easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
Get information, facts, and pictures about Andreas Vesalius at Encyclopedia.com. Make research projects and school reports about Andreas Vesalius easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and dictionary.
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Leonardo da Vinci: Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer whose genius epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.
Leonardo da Vinci: Leonardo da Vinci, Italian painter, draftsman, sculptor, architect, and engineer whose genius epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal.
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Participation in projects financed by the Leonardo Da Vinci vocational training programme brings substantial social and economic benefits, a recent study funded by the European Commission has shown. It demonstrates that international mobility of this kind is a strong incentive for personal, linguistic, social and professional development. The Leonardo da Vinci programme
Participation in projects financed by the Leonardo Da Vinci vocational training programme brings substantial social and economic benefits, a recent study funded by the European Commission has shown. It demonstrates that international mobility of this kind is a strong incentive for personal, linguistic, social and professional development. The Leonardo da Vinci programme
Leonardo da vinci time period he lived, Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was a painter, architect, inventor, and student of all things scientific.
FreeBookSummary.com ✅ Contrasting Three Works of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo Heather McKim ART 101 Art Appreciation Instructor Anne Olden April 14, 20...
by Cultural Italy , Feb 12, 2015 , Art & exhibitions, Blog. Lady_with_an_Ermine_Leonardo_da_Vinci.jpg ART EXHIBITIONApril 15th - July 19th 2015From April 15th to July 19th, 2015, Palazzo Reale in Milan will host the largest Leonardo Da Vinci exhibition ever organized in Italy! Dont miss the chance to discover the ...
Universal Leonardo is an exciting and innovative project aimed at deepening our understanding of Leonardo da Vinci through a series of international exhibitions linked together to illustrate the unity and diversity of the work of one of the greatest thinkers of all time.
Universal Leonardo is an exciting and innovative project aimed at deepening our understanding of Leonardo da Vinci through a series of international exhibitions linked together to illustrate the unity and diversity of the work of one of the greatest thinkers of all time.
Leonardo da Vinci was a famous artist, an engineer, an inventor, and an early modern scientist. Da Vinci's overview of the anatomy and physiology of the heart marks a major transition in the early history of cardiology.
Looking for Ambroise Pare? Find out information about Ambroise Pare. c.1510-1590, French surgeon. Serving in the army, he revived the use of ligature instead of cautery with boiling oil and continued to devise and champion... Explanation of Ambroise Pare
Looking for Paré, Ambroise? Find out information about Paré, Ambroise. c.1510-1590, French surgeon. Serving in the army, he revived the use of ligature instead of cautery with boiling oil and continued to devise and champion... Explanation of Paré, Ambroise
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Leonardo, Universals upcoming flick about Leonardo da Vinci, is just the latest announced in-development project that reimagines the Renaissance man as an action hero.
On the precipice of her sixteenth birthday, the last thing lone wolf Cat Crawford wants is an extravagant gala thrown by her bubbly stepmother and well-meaning father. So even though Cat knows the familys trip to Florence, Italy, is a peace offering, she embraces the magical city and all it offers. But when her curiosity leads her to an unusual gypsy tent, she exits…right into Renaissance Firenze.. Thrust into the sixteenth century armed with only a backpack full of contraband future items, Cat joins up with her ancestors, the sweet Alessandra and protective Cipriano, and soon falls for the gorgeous aspiring artist Lorenzo. But when the much-older Niccolo starts sniffing around, Cat realizes that an unwanted birthday party is nothing compared to an unwanted suitor full of creeptastic amore. Can she find her way back to modern times before her Italian adventure turns into an Italian forever?. ...
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C. Wolf (1857) Vom Einfluss der Temperatur auf die Erscheinungen in Haarröhrchen (On the influence of temperature on phenomena in capillary tubes) Annalen der Physik und Chemie, 101 (177) : 550-576 ; see footnote on page 551 by editor Johann C. Poggendorff. From page 551: ... nach Libri (Hist. des sciences math. en Italie, T. III, p. 54) in den zu Paris aufbewahrten Handschriften des grossen Künstlers Leonardo da Vinci (gestorben 1519) schon Beobachtungen dieser Art vorfinden; ... ( ... according to Libri (History of the mathematical sciences in Italy, vol. 3, p. 54) observations of this kind [i.e., of capillary action] are already to be found in the manuscripts of the great artist Leonardo da Vinci (died 1519), which are preserved in Paris ...
Handmade oil painting reproduction of Drawing Of The Uterus Of A Pregnant Cow 1508 by Leonardo Da Vinci - on canvas and available in any size or choose other oil painting reproductions from artisoo.com.
A recent article in Smithsonian Magazine features the work of Zachary Copfer, a biologist and artist who creates portraits of legendary icons such as Pablo Picasso, Leonardo da Vinci and Albert Einstein. One thing that makes Copfers work unique is his medium of choice; he employs a type of bacteria known as serratia marcescens that [...]. ...
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Drapery for a seated figure Brush and grey distemper on primed grey linen canvas, 181 x 234 mm genre - Gallery by LEONARDO DA VINCI , Paint Gallery art, Painters ,Picture, Image
The #1 New York Times Bestseller A powerful story of an exhilarating mind and life...a study in creativity: how to define it, how to achieve it.--The New Yorker Vigorous, insightful.--The Washington Post A masterpiece.--San Francisco Chronicle Luminous.--The Daily Beast He was historys most creative genius. What secrets can he teach us? The author of the acclaimed bestsellers Steve Jobs, Einstein, and Benjamin Franklin brings Leonardo da Vinci to life in this exciting new biography. Based on thousands of pages from Leonardos astonishing notebooks and new discoveries about his life and work, Walter Isaacson weaves a narrative that connects his art to his science. He shows how Leonardos genius was based on skills we can improve in ourselves, such as passionate curiosity, careful observation, and an imagination so playful that it flirted with fantasy. He produced the two most famous paintings in history, The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa. But in his own mind, he was just as much a man of ...
Female Head (La Scapigliata), c.1508 Art Print by Leonardo da Vinci. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at Art.com. 100% satisfaction guaranteed.
Scheduled on Sat 2017-11-04 10:12:16 UTC 34 deg direct via ISØBWM. Istituto di Istruzione Superiore Leonardo Da Vinci. It is a general secondary school for students from 14 to 19 years old (a five years curriculum), where general education is integrated in four specialised courses: scientific (with strong emphasis given to Maths, Physics and Science), linguistic (where they learn three second languages and literatures), human sciences (with Anthropology, Psychology and other Pedagogy), classical (where they are taught Old Greek and Latin).. The school serves Lanusei and all the villages around with 600ca students attending its courses. Apart from classrooms all equipped with interactive multimedia boards, in the school there are ICT labs, chemistry labs, physics labs, language labs and gyms. What makes our school even more unique within the territory is the presence of a planetarium used to enhance students analysis and study of astronomical phenomena, which is open to external visitors as ...
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Mapei contributed to the \Via Leonardo da Vinci 43 Condominium\ project (Barletta). Find out the intervention we carried out, the solutions adopted, products used and much more
Lived 1514 - 1564. Andreas Vesalius founded modern anatomy. His remarkable 1543 book De humini corporus fabrica was a fully illustrated anatomy of the human body. Based on observations he had made during dissections, the book overthrew misconceptions in anatomy that had persisted for over a thousand years. Vesalius was
Woodcut of Andreas Vesalius dissecting a cadaver, 1555. by . Museum quality art prints with a selection of frame and size options, canvases, postcards and mugs. SSPL Science and Society Picture Library
Brain Renaissance is a book written by Marco Catani and Stefano Sandrone. It was published on the 500th anniversary of the birth and the 450th anniversary of the death of the anatomist Andreas Vesalius. In 2016 Brain Renaissance won the biennial Award for Outstanding Book in the History of the Neurosciences presented by the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences. The 304-page book is divided into three parts. The first part deals with the biography of Andreas Vesalius, one of the greatest anatomists of all time. The second parts provides a modern translation from Latin of Vesalius original book on the brain, namely the seventh book of De Humani Corporis Fabrica. The third part tells a 500-year story behind some of the most important discoveries in neuroscience, while relating the findings of Vesalius with the subsequent development of neuroscience. In these pages the reader becomes familiar with the ebb and flow of many ideas that had a significant impact in the history of ...
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70% off! - From the beautiful The Last Supper 1498, to the striking Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) c. 1503-05 - handmade oil painting reproductions of all of Leonardo Da Vincis most popular paintings are available at 1st-Art-Gallery.com. Always custom made on premium grade canvas by European artists.
Leonardo da Vinci saw in animals the image of the world From cats to dragonflies, Leonardo sketched scores of animals. Leonardo da Vinci/Royal Collection Trust Arielle Saiber, Bowdoin College About six months ago I stopped eating meat. I was teaching a graduate course at UCLA that investigated how Italian Renaissance writers conveyed their concepts about…
The true genius of Leonardo has only really begun to be understood in our own times. Yet surprisingly little is known about his life and person. But in the beginning he was severely disadvantaged.The known facts about his life are simply stated. Born in 1
In these dazzling sketches of the Virgin kneeling in humility before the Christ Child, who lies on the ground, Leonardo investigated a theme that he would also use in the Virgin of the Rocks (Musée du Louvre, Paris; and National Gallery, London), in which the Virgin kneels facing the spectator, her right hand raised in protective blessing over the seated Infant Jesus
Fig. 51. The superficial veins of the arm and a sketch comparing the arteries of a centenarian with those of a child. (AnB, 10.) Fig. 52. Early study of the heart and blood-vessels. (QV, 1.) Fig. 53. Dissections of the heart, lungs, abdominal viscera and bloodvessels. (QIII, lOv.) Fig. 54. The great vessels of a centenarian. (AnB, 33.) Fig. 55. The superficial pectoral and epigastric veins. (AnA, 6.) Fig. 56. Figures of the hepatic artery and portal vein. (AnB, 34v.) Fig. 57. The iliac vein and its branches. (AnB, 6v.) Fig. 58. The hypogastric vessels and the umbilical vein. Above is a frontal section through the cervical vertebrae showing the costotransverse foramina. (AnB, 4.) Fig. 59. An early sketch of the digestive tract and longitudinal and transverse sections of the penis. (QIII, 3v.) Fig. 60. Above a supposed arrangement of the intestine; below the stomach, liver and spleen with splenic vein; to the right the caecum and appendix. (AnB, 14v.) Fig. 61. A second arrangement of the ...
One of the distinguishing features of Renaissance art was its development of highly realistic linear perspective. Giotto di Bondone (1267-1337) is credited with first treating a painting as a window into space, but it was not until the demonstrations of architect Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) and the subsequent writings of Leon Battista Alberti (1404-1472) that perspective was formalized as an artistic technique. The development of perspective was part of a wider trend towards realism in the arts. To that end, painters also developed other techniques, studying light, shadow, and, famously in the case of Leonardo da Vinci, human anatomy. Underlying these changes in artistic method, was a renewed desire to depict the beauty of nature, and to unravel the axioms of aesthetics, with the works of Leonardo, Michelangelo and Raphael representing artistic pinnacles that were to be much imitated by other artists. Other notable artists include Sandro Botticelli, working for the Medici in Florence, ...
HOW THE NERVES SOMETIMES ACT OF THEMSELVES WITHOUT ANY COMMANDS FROM THE OTHER FUNCTIONS OF THE SOUL. This is most plainly seen; for you will see palsied and shivering persons move, and their trembling limbs, as their head and hands, quake without leave from their soul and their soul with all its power cannot prevent their members from trembling. The same thing happens in falling sickness, or in parts that have been cut off, as in the tails of lizards. The idea or imagination is the helm and guiding-rein of the senses, because the thing conceived of moves the sense. Pre-imagining, is imagining the things that are to be. Post-imagining, is imagining the things that are past. ...
Sulfur Books is an independent bookstore owned by Main Street Arts, a non-profit arts organization. Literary programming (writing groups, open mics, and workshops) taking place at Sulfur Books is part of ongoing literary and visual arts programming through Main Street Arts ...
Walter Isaacson writes about geniuses and how the greatest thinkers broke with tradition and solved problems none of us could see.
Through the cooperation on this pilot project it is envisaged that several goals will be achieved: * local partners will obtain products about brownfield reuse that they can disseminate * partners from outside the immediate region will obtain products that are: - suitable for their own use - suitable to be applied by them in other dissemination projects * generic products will be created that will be transferable to other European countries Educational packages produced by the LEPOB project would address brownfields on cross-thematic and cross-professional grounds and be adjusted to suit Central European training formats and contexts. Products will principally accelerate the immediate knowledge of chartered professionals, who work in the broadest variety of posts - consultants, civil servants, local government administrators, regulators and policy makers. These
This is meant to represent the earth cut through in the middle, showing the depths of the sea and of the earth; the waters start from the bottom of the seas, and ramifying through the earth they rise to the summits of the mountains, flowing back by the rivers and returning to the sea. ...
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Armor - Protective clothing intended to be worn in battle. Mail (small, linked metal rings) was favoured until the early fifteenth century, when the full suit of plate armour came in; this heavy suit began to grow lighter and lighter during the sixteenth century, and though the helmet and the breast plate were considered useful even until the early eighteenth century, most armour from the late sixteenth century onwards was made for ceremonial purposes. (The helmet, of course, is still in use.) The parts of a full suit of plate armour are as follows. Helm or Helmet comprising the skull (top and back), the visor (hinged, to protect eyes and upper face), the beaver (often hinged, to protect mouth and lower face). Gorget protects the neck and is often articulated. Pauldron covers the shoulder joint where body and arm-piece meet (also called Epauliere, whence epaulette derives). The upper arm is covered by the Rerebrace, the elbow by the Coudiere, the forearm by the Vambrace and the hand by the ...
The oldest of the medical papyruses is the fragmentary Kahun Papyrus, which deals with veterinary medicine and womens diseases. The Edwin Smith Papyrus (of about the seventeenth century B.C.) is concerned with surgical matters, starting at the top of the head and working down-a type of medical organization often to be seen in subsequent texts in other countries-but the text stops abruptly at mid-chest. For the most part, this document is an empiric, secular, instructional system of practice, and evidently a copy of a much more ancient treatise. The Georg Ebers Papyrus, dating from the early sixteenth century, is the longest of the medical papyruses. An extensive medical therapeutic text covering many subjects, among them pharmacologic and mechanical means of treatment, it also contains many incantations and verbal charms.. The Hearst Papyrus (about the sixteenth century B.C.), the London (fourteenth century), the Berlin (early thirteenth century), and the Chester Beatty (late thirteenth ...
The video comes from Valeriy Ivanov, who on Youtube specializes in building and demonstrating working models of perpetual motion machines as well as Da Vinci inventions and marble machines. (Leonardos odometer, featured in the video, makes a particularly impressive use of marbles.) My models of perpetual motion machines are of motorized versions that were built to illustrate how they were supposed to work in the minds of inventors, writes Ivanov. We see not only the mechanics Leonardo and other hopeful inventors must have imagined, but the mesmerizing elegance of Leonardos designs in particular, such as the videos overbalanced wheel. On a notebook page from 1494, Leonardo told the seekers of perpetual motion to go and take your place with the alchemists. But now, with the aid of technology unimagined in Leonardos time - even by Leonardo himself - we can see just how compelling that vision must have been.. Related Content:. MIT Researchers 3D Print a Bridge Imagined by Leonardo da ...
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Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) was a member of the elite group of Italian Renaissance masters which also included his prominent rivals Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Born in Urbino where his father was court artist, he moved to Florence as a young man and there established his reputation by painting a series of Virgin and Child compositions. Four years later he was summoned to Rome by Pope Julius II to decorate his private apartments in the Vatican. His meteoric rise at the papal court inflamed the jealousy of Michelangelo, whose style Raphael was able to adopt and then make his own. For the next eighteen years Raphael was indispensable to Julius and his successor Leo X - not only as a painter, but also as a designer of tapestries, architect of St Peters and even procurer of antiquities, dominating the arts in Rome until his untimely death on his 37th birthday. Raphael had an exceptional artistic eye and a gift for absorbing the styles of other artists and adapting them to his own means and purposes.
Orkla Food Ingredients, et forretningsområde i Orkla-konsernet, og Renaissance BioScience Corp. er blitt enige om å utvide lisensavtalen som gir Orkla enerett til å fremstille og selge Renaissances akrylamid-reduserende gjær, Acrylow(TM). Den utvidede avtalen omfatter salg til matvareprodusenter i Polen, Tsjekkia og Slovakia, og bygger videre på avtalen for Norden og Baltikum som trådte i kraft i Q3/2017.. - Etter at vi inngikk avtalen med Renaissance i fjor har vi gjennomført en rekke kommersielle tester. Testene har vist gode resultater, og produktet er blitt lansert for salg i Norden. Ettersom nye europeiske myndighetskrav knyttet til akrylamidinnholdet i matvarer og kaffe vil tre i kraft i løpet av noen få måneder, er vi glade for at avtalen med Renaissance utvides slik at Acrylow(TM) også kan gjøres tilgjengelig for matvareprodusenter i Polen, Tsjekkia og Slovakia, sier Thore Svensson, Senior Vice President i Orkla Food Ingredients. - Det er gledelig at Orkla har oppdaget at ...
The impossibilities that magic and fantasy can create are at the heart of Matt Dangler and Mark Garros side by side solos at Copro Gallery in Los Angeles. Both artists are known for their depictions of creatures and figures of legend in scenes evoking a certain darkness. In recent exhibitions, covered here, Matt Dangler has looked to Old Master painting techniques by artists like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Johannes Vermeer, marked by their serene mood and luminous colors of painting. For his exhibition, Sanctify, Dangler takes a note from the religious themes found in Renaissance art in particular, where figures like Jesus and the Hindu God Ganesh appear in bizarre settings. ...
Ho, Thien Anh; Godefroid, Nathalie; Gruzon, Damien; Haymann, Jean-Philippe; Maréchal, Céline; Wang, Xueqi; Serra, Andreas; Pirson, Yves; Devuyst, Olivier (2012). Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is associated with central and nephrogenic defects in osmoregulation. Kidney International, 82(10):1121-1129.. Shafaeddin Schreve, Bahar; Anliker, Mark; Arnold, Andreas W; Kempf, Werner; Laffitte, Emmanuel; Lapointe, Anne-Karine; Mainetti, Carlo; Pelloni, Francesco; Oberholzer, Patrick; Serra, Andreas; Streit, Markus; Hofbauer, Günther F L (2012). Pre- and posttransplant management of solid organ transplant recipients: risk-adjusted follow-up. Current Problems in Dermatology, 43:57-70.. Haller, Maria; Amatschek, Stefan; Wilflingseder, Julia; Kainz, Alexander; Bielesz, Bernd; Pavik, Ivana; Serra, Andreas; Mohebbi, Nilufar; Biber, Jürg; Wagner, Carsten A; Oberbauer, Rainer (2012). Sirolimus induced phosphaturia is not caused by inhibition of renal apical sodium phosphate cotransporters. ...
Acknowledgments: The authors thank Mrs. Edith Audran for determination of mtDNA mutations; Mrs. Estelle André for secretarial assistance; and Ms. Catriona Donagh and David F. Mason, MD, for editorial assistance.. Requests for Single Reprints: Pierre-Jean Guillausseau, MD, Medecine B, Lariboisière Hospital, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, F75010 Paris, France; e-mail, [email protected] Current Author Addresses: Drs. Guillausseau, Virally, Porokhov, and Samuel-Lajeunesse: Department of Medicine B, Lariboisière Hospital, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, F75010 Paris, University Paris 7-Denis Diderot, France.. Drs. Massin and Paques: Department of Ophthalmology, Lariboisière Hospital, 2 rue Ambroise Paré, F75010 Paris, France.. Drs. Dubois-LaForgue and Timsit: Diabetes Unit, Department of Clinical Immunology, Necker Hospital, 161 rue de Sèvres, F75015 Paris, France.. Dr. Gin: University Hospital, avenue Magellan, F33064 Pessac, France.. Dr. Bertin: Robert-Debré Hospital, rue ...
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Tudela, Navarre - Christianismi Restitutio - Polymath - University of Zaragoza - Pulmonary circulation - John Calvin - Medicine - Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienne - Aragon - Erasmus - Unitarianism - Gaspar Lax - Marian Hillar - Andreas Vesalius - Piotr of Goniądz - Death by burning - Jesus - Jacques Dubois - Polish Brethren - Nicholas de la Fontaine - List of multiple discoveries - Servetism - Physician writer - Sebastian Castellio - Lelio Sozzini
RENAISSANCE The Writers and Artists Magazine of Wayne Community College Goldsboro, North Carolina Volume 23, April 2007 Dedication This twenty- third issue of Renaissance commemorates the fi ftieth anniversary of Wayne Community College and is dedicated to Dr. Edward H. Wilson, Jr. President, 1992- 2007 for his leadership and service and for his support of Renaissance STUDENT AWARDS Cover Design Sze Man Eva Chan Essay Charles Owens Poetry Christian Turnage Ann E. Spicer Memorial Award Becky Holloman Thomas Sahn EDITORS Rosalyn Lomax Kathryn Spicer Jeff Williams Marian Westbrook, Editor Emerita ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Faculty Gene Smith, Margaret Boothe Baddour, Torey Romero, Patricia Turlington Staff Theresa White- Wallace Student Sze Man Eva Chan Educational Support Technologies Department Thomas J. Garrou Wade Hallman, Brent Hood, Ron Lane Alice Wadsworth Student Government Association Kornegay Printing and The Artists and Writers No part of this magazine may be reproduced without permission. ...
The word renaissance means new birth. Near the end of the Middle Ages, a new sense of cultural and intellectual awareness developed in Europe that involved art and literature. Examining the Renaissance period fully should include a look at the culture that arose as people pursued new directions in education and religion. Even the clothing and costumes people wore were distinctive in this era. The plague played a contributing role in the birth of the Renaissance due to the significant disruptions and upheavals caused by what became known as the Black Death. Scholars during this period began exploring past the standard theological confines, which fueled the expansion of culture and the humanities.. The Plague. Expanding trade between the East and the West in the late Middle Ages is a possible cause of the initial spread of the plague. Trade routes traveled by merchants were infested by rodents, which carried parasites. Sometime during the mid-1300s, the plague arrived in Western Europe, where ...
inproceedings{82c5c89c-0374-4df4-b45c-406cb74a6664, abstract = {Under the Leonardo da Vinci - Lifelong Learning Programme (LLP) - there is a sub-programme, Transfer of Innovation (ToI). ToI is funding projects which further develop previous project outcomes.,br/,,br, This paper deals with a new pilot project under ToI, eGIS+, which has received funding for two years (2007 - 2009). eGIS+ further develop a previous pilot project, E-GIS (European Level Developments of Flexible Learning Models within Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for Vocational training), which was successfully implemented 2002 -2006. ,br/,,br, GIS, Geographical Information Systems, is a computer -based tool for handling and analysing digital map data to which are connected attribute data (spatially dependent phenomena), for statistical treatment - such as resource- and environmental planning, transport logistics, registration of archaelogical findings etc. There are great needs for competence development within GIS in ...
The Pug is a breed of dog with physically distinctive features of a wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail. The breed has a fine, glossy coat that comes in a variety of colours, most often fawn or black, and a compact square body with well-developed muscles. Pugs were brought from China to Europe in the sixteenth century and were popularized in Western Europe by the House of Orange of the Netherlands, and the House of Stuart. In the United Kingdom, in the nineteenth century, Queen Victoria developed a passion for pugs which she passed on to other members of the Royal family. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs. The American Kennel Club describes the breeds personality as even-tempered and charming. Pugs remain popular into the twenty-first century, with some famous celebrity owners. A pug was judged Best in Show at the World Dog Show in 2004. While the pugs that are depicted in eighteenth century prints tend to be long and lean, modern breed preferences are for a ...
Print your pet on a poster. Can you imagine your pets adorable face printed on to our renaissance era portrait? Our stunning renaissance pet portraits are designed by real artists. High quality custom pet art printed in the United States and based on authentic renaissance oil paintings.
One theory that has been advanced is that the devastation in Florence caused by the Black Death, which hit Europe between 1348 and 1350, resulted in a shift in the world view of people in 14th-century Italy. Italy was particularly badly hit by the plague, and it has been speculated that the resulting familiarity with death caused thinkers to dwell more on their lives on Earth, rather than on spirituality and the afterlife.[38] It has also been argued that the Black Death prompted a new wave of piety, manifested in the sponsorship of religious works of art.[39] However, this does not fully explain why the Renaissance occurred specifically in Italy in the 14th century. The Black Death was a pandemic that affected all of Europe in the ways described, not only Italy. The Renaissances emergence in Italy was most likely the result of the complex interaction of the above factors.[13]. The plague was carried by fleas on sailing vessels returning from the ports of Asia, spreading quickly due to lack of ...
Lorenz, Louisa; Hyland, Philip; Maercker, Andreas; Ben-Ezra, Menachem (2018). An empirical assessment of adjustment disorder as proposed for ICD-11 in a general population sample of Israel. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 54:65-70.. Maercker, Andreas; Hecker, Tobias; Augsburger, Mareike; Kliem, Sören (2018). ICD-11 Prevalence Rates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in a German Nationwide Sample. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease:Epub ahead of print.. Kazlauskas, Evaldas; Gegieckaite, Goda; Eimontas, Jonas; Zelviene, Paulina; Maercker, Andreas (2018). A Brief Measure of the International Classification of Diseases-11 Adjustment Disorder: Investigation of Psychometric Properties in an Adult Help-Seeking Sample. Psychopathology:Epub ahead of print.. Kazlauskas, Evaldas; Zelviene, Paulina; Lorenz, Louisa; Quero, Soledad; Maercker, Andreas (2018). A scoping review of ICD-11 adjustment disorder research. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, ...
The possibility of transfusion was actually suggested as early as the sixteenth century by Hieronymus Cardanus and Magnus Pegalius, whilst Andreas Libavius (1615) actually described a suitable technique, although it is uncertain whether he carried out the experiment that he described. Most modern work in this field dates, however, from the publication, in 1628 of Harveys Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu. Cordis et Saneuinis in Animalibus. The first reported successful transfusions from one animal to another, usually ascribed to Francesco Fall, was carried out shortly after the publication of Harveys work being performed in 1654. This was soon followed by further experiments, carried out in England by such persona as Sir Christopher Wren, Sir Robert Boyle Edmund King and Thomas Cox. In 1665 a second successful transfusion was carried out by Richard Lower in. England who transfused the blood of one dog into another.. ...
For centuries before the arrival of Europeans, trade routes connected the various peoples who lived throughout the American Southwest and Mexico, and trade among these groups remained an important source of economic vitality and cultural exchange even after the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century. In later years, these routes formed the basis of El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro, connecting merchants and communities from Mexico City to Santa Fe, New Mexico.. Tatiana Seijas is associate professor of history at Pennsylvania State University where her research focuses on early modern economics, global Spanish empire, and the American Southwest. ​This year, as a Fellow at the Center she is working on First Routes: Indigenous Trade and Travel between the American Southwest and Mexico.. ...
DaVinci Academy of Arts and Science is excited to announce a new opportunity starting in the 2017-2018 school year. The DaVinci Academy Renaissance classrooms provide all-day academic programming designed to meet the needs of our gifted and talented students. Next year we will have two self-contained classrooms: one for 2nd and 3rd grade students and another for 4th and 5th grade students. A third classroom will be added in the 2018-2019 school year. The Renaissance program will provide advanced curriculum at an accelerated pace and will also focus on the unique social and emotional needs of gifted students. The Renaissance curriculum has been designed to meet, and to exceed, state standards, using materials specifically designed for gifted learners. Most learning activities will be inquiry-based and open-ended, requiring students to use higher-order thinking and problem- solving skills. The curriculum will also focus on building self-awareness and on encouraging students to take academic ...
personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.,Africa Renaissance hotels offer the perfect blend of accommodations and amenities. With comfortable rooms, personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.
personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.,Africa Renaissance hotels offer the perfect blend of accommodations and amenities. With comfortable rooms, personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.
Pierre Fréchette, President and CEO of Renaissance stated, This transaction represents a significant milestone for Renaissance, and is in-line with our strategy of acquiring niche products that we can both manufacture within our internal network and market through our strong commercial group. The RoundTable team was instrumental in helping to source, diligence and complete such an important acquisition.. Simon Jose, Stiefel President said, This agreement allows US patients to continue to have access to treatments they value and allows the Stiefel US Team to focus on growth and development of new treatments within our core dermatology portfolio.. John Denman, General Manager of Prestium commented, We are excited to add these mature specialty brands to Prestiums growing portfolio, and look forward to continuing to supply such important products to our customers and to patients across the country.. About Renaissance Acquisition Holdings ...
To really understand any historical time period it is essential that one has a firm grasp on the vocabulary of the times. In this article, the definitions for various governmental and military occupations are given and defined. - Renaissance Occupations - Governmental & Military - Renaissance at BellaOnline
Description: This is the second volume, in two parts, of a projected five-volume set of the complete Vulgate Bible. Compiled and translated in large part by Saint Jerome at the turn of the fifth century CE, the Vulgate Bible was used from the early medieval period through the twentieth century in the Western Christian (and later specifically Catholic) tradition. It influenced literature, visual arts, music, and education during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and its contents lay at the heart of Western theological, intellectual, artistic, and even political history during that period. At the end of the sixteenth century, as Protestant vernacular Bibles became available, professors at a Catholic college first at Douay, then at Rheims, translated the Vulgate Bible into English, primarily to combat the influence of rival theologies. Volume II presents the Historical Books of the Bible, which tell of Joshua s leading the Israelites into the Promised Land, the judges and kings, Israel s steady ...
The earliest examples of art from what is now Scotland are highly decorated carved stone balls from the Neolithic period.[17] From the Bronze Age there are examples of carvings, including the first representations of objects, and cup and ring marks.[18] From the Iron Age there are more extensive examples of patterned objects and gold work.[19] From the early Middle Ages there are elaborately carved Pictish stones[20] and impressive metalwork.[21] The development of a common style of Insular art across Great Britain and Ireland influenced elaborate jewellery and illuminated manuscripts like the Book of Kells.[22] Only isolated examples survive of native artwork from the late Middle Ages and of works created or strongly influenced by artists of Flemish origin.[23] The influence of the Renaissance can be seen in stone carving and painting from the fifteenth century. In the sixteenth century the crown began to employ Flemish court painters who have left a portrait record of royalty.[24] The ...
Grace OMalley was Queen of Umaill, chieftain of the O Maille clan, rebel, seafarer, and fearless leader, who challenged the turbulent politics of 16 th century England and Ireland. While Irish legends have immortalised Grace as a courageous woman who overcame boundaries of gender imbalance and bias to fight for the independence of Ireland and protect it against the English crown, to the English, she was considered a brutal and thieving pirate, who controlled the coastlines through intimidation and plunder. Grace OMalley was born in Ireland in around 1530, as a daughter of the wealthy nobleman and sea trader Owen OMalley. Upon his death, she inherited his large shipping and trading business. From her earliest days, she rejected the role of the sixteenth century woman, instead embracing the life on the sea with the fleet of OMalley trading ships. The income from this business, as well as land inherited from her mother, enabled her to become rich and somewhat powerful. During a time when ...
By JILL LAWLESS - 3 hours ago LONDON (AP) - Detectives on Thursday recovered a Leonardo da Vinci painting that was stolen from a Scottish castle in a daring daylight raid four years ago.. Officers raided an address in Glasgow and seized Madonna with the Yarnwinder, Scotlands Dumfries and Galloway police said. Three men from England and one man from Scotland were arrested. The painting appeared on the FBIs 10 most-wanted list of stolen art and on the Art Loss Registers list of stolen masterpieces, where it was valued at $65 million.. Police said art experts had confirmed the recovered painting was the Leonardo masterpiece, stolen from Drumlanrig Castle in southern Scotland in August 2003. The lead investigator, Detective Chief Inspector Mickey Dalgleish, said the painting had been tracked down in a combined operation by Scottish police and national crime agencies, with help from the public.. We are extremely pleased to recover the Madonna with the Yarnwinder painting, he said. Madonna ...
A painting in the collection of the Prado in Madrid that was long assumed to be a copy of Da Vincis Mona Lisa done at a later time was recently cleaned and restored, revealing a previously unseen background where there was once just dark, and on further examination is now thought to be a copy done in Leonardos studio by one of his pupils at the same time as the master was working on the original. If true, the painting gives us not only an insight into the masters techniques, as it was apparently revised as Leonardo revised the original, but also reveals a clearer picture of what the original, which has not been cleaned for some time, may have looked like when originally painted.. According to The Art Newspaper, which broke the story, the scholarly paper that suggests the new placement of the painting within Leonardos studio at the same time as the original was presented in conjunction with the current landmark exhibition Leonardo da Vinci: painter at the Court of Milan that ends soon at the ...
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Mona Lisa, or La Gioconda. (La Joconde), is a 16th century oil painting by Leonardo da Vinci, and is one of the most famous paintings in the world. It has acquired an iconic status in popular culture. In 1963, pop artist Andy Warhol started making colorful serigraph prints of the Mona Lisa. Warhol thus consecrated her as a modern icon, similar to Marilyn Monroe or Elvis Presley. At the same time, his use of a stencil process and crude colors implies a criticism of the debasement of aesthetic values in a society of mass production and mass consumption. Today the Mona Lisa is frequently reproduced, finding its way on to everything from carpets to mouse pads ...
Scientists of the early sixteenth century faced a dilemma: how did fossils originate? Tradition had held for centuries that the existence of marine shells on hilltops was due to the Genesis Flood. On the other hand, pagan philosophies like Aristotelianism and Neoplatonism, which were undergoing a renaissance in Europe (at the time), led to very popular interpretations that they had mysteriously formed in place within the rocks (akin to spontaneous generation). Which was true? The similarities between living marine organisms and those funny shapes called fossils were becoming too glaring to deny, yet the Flood model was resisted. Why?. According to science historian Martin Rudwick in his excellent book, The Meaning of Fossils: Episodes in the History of Paleontology (Univ. of Chicago Press, 2nd ed., 1985), the Flood had failed as an explanation for fossils. The intractable problem was this: a literal reading of the Genesis Flood revealed an event of insufficient violence to sweep marine ...
Fast-forward to 1485 and Leonardo da Vinci was questioning linear perspective - the reproduction of a view as seen from a fixed point.. Da Vinci sketched an eye that had to be turned to be perceived correctly. Later Holbein painted The Ambassadors, featuring an anamorphic skull within a larger work that could only be viewed by stepping away from the centre of the painting.. ...
Leonardo da Vinci may have conceptualized contact lenses, but contact lens wear has only been in vogue for the past one hundred years. Colored contacts were introduced in the late 1930s when a Metro Goldwyn Meyer (MGM) makeup artist approached a Beverly Hills ophthalmologist about the possibility of changing an actors eye color from brown to blue in an upcoming movie. The movie Miracles for Sale made history as the first to utilize color tinted contacts cosmetically. Since that time hundreds of movie effects were made possible by the actor wearing colored lenses.. Not only did they allow moviemakers to change an actors eye color from brown to blue or blue to green, colored contacts also opened the door for makeup artists who were able to implement characteristics for actors beyond eye color. For example, decorative lenses were used to portray blind eyes like Audrey Hepburns in the movie Wait Until Dark. Cosmetic lenses also made it possible to create the effect of scary eyes, as seen in ...
In the 16th century, physician Andreas Vesalius described how a suffocating animal could be kept alive by inserting a tube into its trachea and blowing air to inflate its lungs. Today, Vesaliuss treatise is recognized as the first description of mechanical ventilation- a crucial practice in modern medicine. So how do our modern ventilators work? Alex Gendler explains the life-saving technology. [Directed by Artrake Studio, narrated by Addison Anderson].
The Basque Country is home to numerous ancient buildings that have been transformed into cultural venues. They are public places dedicated to creation, learning, entertainment... and they invite citizens to participate and interact. This use makes it possible to renovate our important industrial and historical heritage. We shall focus on three buildings found in the Basque capitals: Montehermoso in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Centro Azkuna in Bilbao and Tabakalera in Donostia/San Sebastián. Culture at the service of the people!. MONTEHERMOSO CULTURAL CENTRE. The Montehermoso Cultural Centre is a Renaissance mansion from the sixteenth century located in the highest section of the Old Quarters in Vitoria-Gasteiz. Prior to its current purpose, it had been given several uses; the previous being an episcopal see. After a thorough renovation and expansion of its surface by adding the former Vitoria-Gasteiz Water Holding Tank, it opened in 1997 as a cultural centre.. It now houses exhibition rooms, multi-purpose ...
The Marquesas Island is located in French, this are a group of islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean. The Marquesas Island is delivered that more than two thousand years ago it has been settled by Polynesians, likely from the islands of Tonga and Samoa. When a Spanish explorer gave the name to island, that time the first European contact came in 1595. In 1842, France took possession of the group .in the middle of the nineteenth century, the Marquesas have been hard-hit by western diseases, mostly smallpox, because of this reason he population got decline from about 100,000 in the sixteenth century to only 20,000 by the 1870s and just 2000 as the twentieth century began. Approximately 8,600 is a current population of the island. Most of the Marquesas Island is still less populated today.. Marquesas Island is the most remote island group in the world. It is about 850 miles northeast of Tahiti, and nearly three thousand miles from western Mexico, the nearest continental land mass. There are two ...
A recent article in Smithsonian Magazine features the work of Zachary Copfer, a biologist and artist who creates portraits of legendary icons such as Pablo Picasso, Leonardo da Vinci and Albert Einstein. One thing that makes Copfers work unique is his medium of choice; he employs a type of bacteria known as serratia marcescens that [...]. ...
EDITORIAL. The contemporary psychiatrist: working per via di porre and per via di levare. Carmem Keidann; Flávio Shansis. Editors of Rev Psiquiatr RS. Affirming that the current world has grown in complexity is more than a common place. Personal relationships in such a multifaceted society are often difficult not only of being understood, but also of being experienced. Human beings become, at the same time, actors in a script of this globalized society and mere audience members of a play they only watch. The result is that 21st century people feel fragmented by the multiple approaches and possible experiences of the same phenomenon. What about the role of psychiatrists in this context?. Freud, based on what Leonardo da Vinci had affirmed about arts, made some remarks about which would be the proposal of psychoanalysis, contrasting it with suggestive therapies. The latter corresponds to per via di porre, which is the form of painting, adding colored particles on a white canvas where there was ...
Congratulations to Mr Jacque Fresco for his prestigious award on the 17th of July in 2016 for City Design and Community Integration and much, much more. He is considered by many to be the modern-day Leonardo da Vinci whom will undoubtedly influence the minds of youngsters such as myself the world over as well as their parents towards an advanced and sustainable future for generations to come. The Venus Project as Jacque Fresco has reiterated in his lectures is a work in progress and will continually serve its denizens from generation to generation to bring about prosperity and true freedom for all. In fact, what will be valued in the Venus Project world of tomorrow will not be artificial monetary tokens as we currently use or printed numbers on a ledger but social and scientific knowledge to further evolve and enhance the Venus Project society. Historians will place Jacque Fresco as the pinnacle of creativity, philosophical concepts and intellectual prowess of the 20th to the 21st century. Ms ...
Marzipan is a nut confection, popular across the Middle East and Europe. Marzipan is made primarily of ground blanched almonds, sweetened with sugar. It is traditionally shaped and painted with food coloring to resemble fruits and animals, having the texture of an edible clay. 1 Artist and inventor Leonardo Da Vinci created all sorts of…
Start Over You searched for: Languages French ✖Remove constraint Languages: French Subjects History, 16th Century ✖Remove constraint Subjects: History, 16th Century Subjects Paré, Ambroise, 1510?-1590. ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Paré, Ambroise, 1510?-1590. Subjects France ✖Remove constraint Subjects: France Subjects Physicians ✖Remove constraint Subjects: Physicians Genre Portraits ✖Remove constraint Genre: Portraits Publication Year 1900 ✖Remove constraint Publication Year: 1900 ...
Heres the situation: You spot Roman attack ships headed for your shores. Do you order your troops to ready the cannons? Or-in an ancient MacGyver move-do you use a parabolic mirror, focusing the suns rays to set the ships on fire? Though the latter is clearly more suave, recent research has shown that the 212 B.C. legend about Archimedes mirror defense is unlikely: He probably pulled out the big guns instead.. Cesar Rossi, a mechanical engineer at the University of Naples in Italy, figured out the numbers. A steam cannon-like the ones Leonardo da Vinci drew in the 1400s-could use less than a tenth of a cup of water to fire a hollow clay ball, at 134 miles per hour, to hit a target 492 feet away. For comparison, an 1854 American Civil War Howitzer cannon could fire a ball about ten times farther-a little less than a mile.. Read More. ...
History has it that King Henry the eighth suffered from gout and so did Leonardo Da Vinci, the famous Italian painter. Closer home, Kenyas eighth vice president - Michael Kijana Wamalwa - also suffered from gout adding to the list of celebrities and high profile individuals who got plagued by the disease. For the longest time, gout has been known as a disease of the affluent. But tides are slowly changing and the scope of its victims currently includes young adults and low-income earners.. The Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) defines gout as, a joint disease resulting from deposition of uric acid crystals in tissues and fluids within the body. Gout is caused by a chemical in the blood called uric acid (urate) and it affects the knees, wrists, ankles, fingers and elbows.. Uric acid is a by-product of substances found in food called purines. The body naturally eliminates uric acid in the urine and faeces but in some people, the kidney cannot flush it out quickly enough leading to ...
Ive been thinking a lot about imaginary body parts recently. The Queens Gallery is opening a new exhibition of the anatomical drawings of Leonardo da Vinci in May; put it on your to do list if you are in London - http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/exhibitions/leonardo-da-vinci-anatomist - and I have done some work for the audio guide and the app (which means you can see it even if you are not in London!). One of the amazing things about these pages from Leonardos notebooks is that many (to the non-anatomist) very convincing pictures were drawn from his imagination, before he had access to human body parts to dissect. In particular, a sketch of coitus shows him thinking about where everything goes - and includes imaginary channels from the womb to the breasts, based on the ancient belief that breast milk is made out of menstrual blood. His sketch of the penis has an extra channel for the soul to be transmitted through. His section of the female body includes parts from animals. His famous ...
Quick reviews of some things Ive read, seen, heard, and experienced in the past three weeks or so. I was in Amsterdam recently to speak at a conference. I had some free time and as it was my first time there, I took in some obvious sights. No books this time…Scale is currently on hold (and perhaps abandoned permanently) while I read Robert Wrights Why Buddhism is True and listen to Walter Isaacsons Leonardo da Vinci on audiobook.. Thor: Ragnarok. Henceforth, all superhero movies should be as fun as this. (B+). Mindhunter. This one had a slow burn to it and got better as the season went on. Also, now that I know what to look for, the David Fincher camera thing was impossible to ignore. (B+). Requiem for a Dream. The last 30 minutes of this movie is relentless. (A). The Book of Life. I tried to steer the kids away from this one to no avail. (C). On Margins with Kevin Kelly. The bits about how much of the world used to be pre-industrial until fairly recently and how most people only took 20-30 ...
History[edit]. 16th-17th Century[edit]. Prior to Dessie's foundation, the major settlement in this area was Wasal, first ... mentioned in an early 16th-century Italian itinerary.[1] 19th Century[edit]. Emperor Yohannes IV was camping in the highlands ... 20th Century[edit]. Dessie's location led to the telegraph line the Italians constructed between 1902 and 1904 from Asmara ... "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 2 February 2008) ...
1 History *1.1 Antiquity. *1.2 16th to 18th century. *1.3 Early 20th century ... 16th to 18th century[edit]. In his Utopia (1516), English statesman and philosopher Sir Thomas More depicts a society in which ... Durant, Will (2002). Heroes of History: A Brief History of Civilization from Ancient Times to the Dawn of the Modern Age. New ... "History of Basic Income". Basic Income Earth Network. *^ Sloman, Peter (2015). Beveridge's rival: Juliet Rhys-Williams and the ...
Early history (8th-16th centuries)[edit]. Volubilis, a major Roman-era settlement in Morocco and one of its early urban centres ... The population of Meknes grew from 25,000 at the beginning of the century to over 140,000 by the mid-20th century.[15]: 191-192 ... 16th and early 17th century) focused their attention on their capital at Marrakesh and neglected the old northern cities of ... Borj Belkari: A bastion tower built in the 17th century as a part of the defensive walls of the Kasbah of Sultan Moulay Ismail ...
Modern history[edit]. In the 16th to 18th centuries[edit]. Peasants bowling in front of a tavern in the 17th century ... "A little Bowling History". Retrieved 24 January 2016.. *^ a b c d e f g h i "bowling - game". Encyclopædia Britannica. ... History[edit]. Ancient history[edit]. Archeologist's drawing of items found in 1895 in an ancient tomb in Naqada, Egypt, ... "National Negro Bowling Association - Ohio History Central". Retrieved 24 January 2016.. *^ "NWBW History - Bowling Media". ...
1 History *1.1 Pre-16th century. *1.2 16th- and 17th-century changes ... Pre-16th century[edit]. kunuki, i.e. konungi, the dative case for Old Norse konungr ("king"). A runic inscription of the 11th ... 16th- and 17th-century changes[edit]. Gustav I, portrayed here in 1542 by Jakob Binck, legally created the hereditary monarchy ... Originally an elective monarchy, it became an hereditary monarchy in the 16th century during the reign of Gustav Vasa,[5] ...
2 History and silver extraction *2.1 16th century silver boom. *2.2 Labor ... 16th century silver boom[edit]. See also: Real Situado and Global silver trade from the 16th to 18th centuries ... of all silver mined in the world during the second half of the 16th century.[6] ... It is one of the highest cities in the world at a nominal 4,090 metres (13,420 ft).[2] For centuries, it was the location of ...
16th century. Ain-i-Akbari, Akbarnama Vol. 3. Full online set. Jahangir, Nur-ud-din Muhammad. 16th century. Tuzk-e-Jahangiri. ... History of India, vol. 2: From Sixth century B.C to Mohammedan Conquest. Lane-Poole, Stanley. 1906. History of India, vol. 3: ... History of India, vol. 8: From the close of the seventeenth century to the present time. Jackson, A. V. Williams. 1907. History ... History of India, vol. 7: The European struggle for Indian supremacy in the seventeenth century. Lyall, A. C. 1907. ...
"16th century". www.chatsworth.org. Retrieved 29 April 2020. Storey, G. O. (1 March 2003). "Mary, Queen of Scots-a Buxton ... "History of Chatsworth". www.chatsworth.org. Retrieved 29 April 2020. "Mam Tor, Peak District". National Trust. Retrieved 29 ... The Seven Wonders of the Peak were described in the 17th century by the philosopher Thomas Hobbes in his book De Mirabilibus ... "History". Pooles Cavern & Buxton Country Park. Retrieved 29 April 2020. "Vision of Britain , William Camden , Nottinghamshire, ...
History[edit]. Further information: Origin of the Eucharist. Christ with the Eucharist, Vicente Juan Masip, 16th century. ... The Eucharist has been a key theme in the depictions of the Last Supper in Christian art,[10] as in this 16th-century Juan de ... "History.hanover.edu. Retrieved 16 May 2019.. *^ Council of Trent, Decree concerning the Most Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist, ... Roberts, B. H. (1938). Comprehensive History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Deseret News Press. OCLC ...
"15th-16th Century". History. Brazilian Government official website. Archived from the original on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2008-06 ... Literature in Brazil dates back to the 16th century, to the writings of the first Portuguese explorers in Brazil, such as Pêro ... Cinema has a long tradition in Brazil, reaching back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century, and gained a new ... In the 19th Century, the composer Antonio Carlos Gomes wrote several operas with Brazilian indigenous themes, with librettos in ...
"16th Century Pennsylvania Maps". www.mapsofpa.com. Thrower, Norman (2003) "Verrazzano, Giovanni Da", in: Speake, Jennifer (ed ... "The History of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, 50 Years After Its Construction". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2020-08-15. "The ... In the 19th and the early 20th centuries, there was a great debate in the United States about the authenticity of the letters ... "French Explorers , History of Western Civilization II". courses.lumenlearning.com. Retrieved 2020-08-15. Marcel Trudel, The ...
Timothy Pont (16th century). Retrieved 31 December 2017. "Timeline of Motherwell". List of Mod's places for each year on Sabhal ... History and directory of Motherwell. 1899-1900. [With a plan.] (2nd ed.). Hamilton: W. Naismith. 1899. pp. 17-56. Retrieved 15 ... a farming community of some 600 people living adjacently to the 16th century laird's manor, Jerviston house. The hamlet ... By the end of the 19th century Motherwell Town Hall and Dalziel High School had been built, the local football club had been ...
Timothy Pont (16th century). Retrieved 31 December 2017. "25 inch O.S. Map with zoom and Bing overlay". National Library of ... Shotts Bon Accord FC Shotts History Group A brief history of Shotts Shotts and Dykehead Caledonia Pipe Band Video footage of ... "History of Dykehead in North Lanarkshire , Map and description". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 4 October 2020. "Shotts ... Grossart, William (1880). Historic Notices and Domestic History of the Parish of Shotts. from Shotts Parish Coal & Ironworks on ...
16th-century cartographical charts. The library also has many documents relating to Lodi history. The library has a collection ... brief history of library. Lodi monografia storico-artistica, by Felice De Angeli, Andrea Timolati, published in Milan (1877), ...
16th century 1710-1935..........17th century 1947-2147..........18th century 2149-2551..........19th century 2600-2651 ... 21st century 7520-7550.......Provincial, local, foreign 7581-7599........Faroese literature 7581-7592.......Literary history ... 16th-18th centuries 8070-8094.5...Ludvig Holberg 8100-8167.....19th century 8102-8120....Hans Christian Andersen 8145-8157.... ... 16th-18th centuries 8800-8942.....19th century 8851-8900....Henrik Ibsen 8949-8950.....1900-1960 8951-8951.36...1961-2000 8952- ...
History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-8030-5. "Crosby Hall - 16th Century Restoration , Christopher Moran". Dr. Christopher Moran. 7 ... "The history of Crosby Place , British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2020. "The history of Crosby ... "The history of Crosby Place , British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2021. "Crosby Moran Hall ... "The history of Crosby Place , British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 25 December 2020. Goss 1908, pp. ...
ISBN 3-498-01323-8. English title (translation): Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 8. The 15th and 16th century. From the ... ISBN 978-3-498-01327-1. English title (translation): Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 9. Middle of 16th century till ... 18th century and outlook onto the aftermath. Kings by grace of God and decline of papacy. More than a quarter century after the ... ISBN 3-498-01304-1. English title: Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 5. 9th and 10th Centuries. From Louis the Pious (814 ...
Akhbar al Akhyar, 16th Century. Urdu Edition 1990. Sharh Mishkat Shareef, known as Ashatul Lam'at Perfection of Faith ( ... Madarij-ul-Nabuwwah Tārīh-i Haqqī (The History by Haqq). General history of South Asia from the time of the Ğūrids to the 42nd ... he taught for half a century, and authored more than 100 works, including a history of Medina, a biography of Muhammad, and a ...
n.d.). 16th Century Women. Retrieved from http://www.localhistories.org/women.html Lowe, Maggie. (1989). Early College Women: ... Jennifer Stuart, sometimes the history of the woman affects how she chooses to balance the two roles, or if she will balance ... 1999). Property Rights of Women in Nineteenth Century England. Unpublished manuscript, Department of English, University of ... and fathers spend more time at home and engage in child care and housework more than they did a century ago. A study conducted ...
The history of the African Americans in Baltimore dates back to the 17th century when the first African slaves were being ... "16th-century swordplay highlights festival". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 2014-05-13. American Guide Series (1940). Maryland: A ... The history of the Czechs in Baltimore dates back to the mid-19th century. Thousands of Czechs immigrated to East Baltimore ... "A Brief History of St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church". St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church. Retrieved 2012-08-20. Moskos, ...
188-9. ISBN 978-0-521-81113-2. Eve Tibbs (2000). "16th Century Lutheran & Orthodox Exchange". Archived from the original on 29 ... ISBN 2-7063-0210-0. Angold, Michael (2006). The Cambridge history of Christianity. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ...
"Italy in the 16th century". Threadwalker.net. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2014. See ... Catholic History. 12 November 1918. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 25 August 2014. "nainfa "adopting ... This has been practise since the 19th century. More recently the Archbishops have chosen to wear black, this can be seen in the ... The term cassock can also refer to a loose-fitting, pullover, hip-length jacket worn by ordinary soldiers in the 17th century. ...
Ross, Victor (26 August 2003). "Hamlets in the 16th century". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on 15 March 2020. ... Epidemics in Malta "History". localgovernment.gov.mt. Archived from the original on 20 August 2020. "Borda Vassallo, F. (1992) ... In the 17th century, a permanent Lazzaretto was built on the Isolotto, on the site of the temporary plague hospital of 1592- ... Tully, James D. (1821). The History of Plague: As it Has Lately Appeared in the Islands of Malta, Gozo, Corfu, Cephalonia, Etc ...
16th & 17th Century English Literature: 1958. Jack Edgar Myers, Professor Emeritus of Botany and Zoology and Director, ... U.S. History: 1958. Carl Bridenbaugh, Deceased. U.S. History: 1958, 1962, 1968. Ellen Brown, Professor Emeritus of Medicine, ... 16th & 17th Century English Literature: 1958, 1961. Hans Frauenfelder, Director, Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos, New ... 16th and 17th Century English Literature: 1958. Charles Augustus Baylis, Deceased. Philosophy: 1958. James MacArthur Beale, ...
С.193-194 2. "Cossack Navy 16th - 17th Centuries". geocities. Archived from the original on 26 October 2009. Stone, Daniel ( ... Prazmowska, Anita (2011). A History of Poland. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 102. ISBN 9780230252356. Stone, p. 146. Imber, ... The Cossack communities emerged in the fourteenth century in the Ukrainian wild steppes and by the Dnieper River. Initially, ... By the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the fighters began raiding communities in the Black Sea including the cities of ...
University of Oxford College Histories. London: FE Robinson & Co. pp. 23-24. "Choir revives 16th century custom". BBC News. 21 ... Victoria County History. II: Ecclesiastical History, etc. Westminster: Archibald Constable & Co. pp. 157-158. Sherwood, ... may have been added in the 17th century. One of the west windows is 17th century and repairs to the hospital are recorded in ... In the 13th century the Hundred Rolls records various small gifts to hospital, and a rent roll from around 1330 gives £7 as the ...
Documents 16th to 18th centuries. Texts and Documents of Albanian History. Vojna Akademija (1972). "Kosovska bitka". Vojna ... ISBN 978-0-521-83910-5. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey By Stanford Jay Shaw, Ezel Kural Shaw, p. 24 Fine, John ... John V. A. Fine; John Van Antwerp Fine (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to ... The participation of Teodor Muzaka and other Albanians is suggested by a family history of the Muzaka (Musachi) family, written ...
In the 16th century the faculty of theology disappeared for a time, when Calvinism, in the reign of Henry II of France, held ... History[edit]. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources ... The 14th-century Saint Pierre Cathedral. *The Porte du Peyrou, a triumphal arch built at the end of the 17th century, and the ... At the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of the inhabitants of Montpellier became Protestants (or Huguenots as ...
16th-19th century.. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0870997831. (see index: p. 148-152) Indian painting ... Chaitanya, Krishna (1994). A history of Indian painting: the modern period. New Delhi: Abhinav Publications. pp. 112-118. ISBN ... This trend continued up to the early part of the twentieth century and these paintings ended up in museums and private ... Kalighat painting or Kalighat Pat originated in the 19th century in West Bengal, India, in the vicinity of Kalighat Kali Temple ...
... black people in 16th-century England", History Extra, 24 January 2014. First published in BBC History Magazine, July 2012. ... Black People in 16th Century England" for the BBC History Magazine, published in July 2012. Little is known of Blanke's life, ... Marika Sherwood, "Blacks in Tudor England", History Today, Volume: 53 Issue: 10. "Blanke, John (16th Century)", BlackPast.org ... 1501-1511) was a black musician in London in the early 16th century. He probably came to England as one of the African ...
History. and. future. *Admiralty in the 16th century. *Admiralty in the 17th century ...
15th-century English women. *16th-century English nobility. *16th-century English women ... Buck, George (1619). The History of the Life and Reigne of Richard the Third. London: Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 36.. ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. Constable. ISBN 0- ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. London: Constable ...
In the 16th century most of the grain exported was leaving Poland through Gdańsk, which because of its location at the end of ... Geological history[edit]. The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years. The river is connected to ... Vistula river in Warsaw near the end of the 16th century. The right side shows the Sigismund Augustus bridge built 1568-1573 by ... History of floods on the River Vistula History of floods on the River Vistula (Hydrological Sciences Journal) ...
Main article: 18th-century history of Germany. Prussia and AustriaEdit. Further information: Austria-Prussia rivalry, Kingdom ... The status of Italy in particular varied throughout the 16th to 18th centuries; some territories like Piedmont-Savoy became ... had existed in earlier centuries of the Empire's history. During this time, the concept of "reform" emerged, in the original ... Saints & Sinners: A History of the Popes. Yale University Press.. *. Lauryssens, Stan (1999). The Man Who Invented the Third ...
Daniel Garber; Michael Ayers (2003). The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. p. ... 16th-century English mathematicians. *16th-century English writers. *16th-century male writers ... Daniel Garber; Michael Ayers (2003). The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. ... Antonio Clericuzio (2000). Elements, Principles and Corpuscles: A Study of Atomism and Chemistry in the Seventeenth Century. ...
Command history[edit]. Edwin V. Sumner March 13, 1862 - October 7, 1862 ... For the II Corps of the United States Army during the 20th - 21st Centuries, see II Corps (United States). ... 16th Army Corps. *17th Army Corps. *18th Army Corps. *19th Army Corps ... At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House the II Corps again attained a glorious place in history by Hancock's brilliant and ...
History and origin[edit]. Ancient roots[edit]. Although it is not clear whether Proto-Indo-Iranians celebrated a feast as the ... The 10th-century scholar Biruni, in his work Kitab al-Tafhim li Awa'il Sina'at al-Tanjim, provides a description of the ... a b A History of Zoroastrianism: Under the Achaemenians By Mary Boyce, Frantz Grenet Published by BRILL, 1982 ISBN 90-04-06506- ... In the 19th century the Polish professor Ignacy Pietraszewski reconstructed from Avestan language the books of Avesta and ...
... meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia.[32] The period from the 16th century to the early ... written from the late 12th to early 14th century to 16th century, shows a clear identification of this language with the ... During the 16th century the Galician language stopped being used in legal documentation, becoming de facto an oral language, ... Prose literary creation in Galician had stopped by the 16th century, when printing press became popular; the first complete ...
HistoryEdit. In the 1st century AD, Pliny included what he called cyma among his descriptions of cultivated plants in Natural ... They were introduced to France from Genoa in the 16th century, and are featured in Olivier de Serres' Théâtre de l'agriculture ... 1949). "XXXV". Pliny's Natural History. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 1 July 2015.. ... Toussaint-Samat, Maguelonne (2009) A History of Food, 2nd ed., John Wiley & Sons, pp. 625f, ISBN 1-4443-0514-X. ...
20th-century history books. *Works about Martin Luther King Jr.. *American biographies ... 16th Street Baptist Church bombing. *John F. Kennedy's speech to the nation on Civil Rights ... The Colonial Period of American History by Charles McLean Andrews (1935). *A Constitutional History of the United States by ... It shared the 1989 Pulitzer Prize for History with James McPherson's history of the American Civil War, Battle Cry of Freedom.[ ...
Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ... 16th Duke of Hamilton. *10th Duke of Buccleuch. *11th Duke of Lennox ... "St George's Chapel , History , Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved ...
In the 16th century, the French physician and botanist François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix provided one of the earlier ... The evaluation of a person with suspected acne should include taking a detailed medical history about a family history of acne ... "The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. pp. 57-94. ISBN 9780307755742. . ... Tilles G (September 2014). "Acne pathogenesis: history of concepts". Dermatology (Review). 229 (1): 1-46. doi:10.1159/000364860 ...
16th-century hymns in German. *Hymn tunes. *Hymns by Martin Luther. *1524 works ... For centuries the chorale has been the prominent hymn (Hauptlied) for Pentecost in German-speaking Lutheranism. Johann ... from the 11th century. The German version appeared with the current tune in Ebersberg in c. 1480. The stanza has nine lines, ... For centuries the chorale has been the prominent hymn (Hauptlied) for Pentecost in German-speaking Lutheranism, the number in ...
16th century. *Hakim-e-Gilani. *Abul Qasim ibn Mohammed al-Ghassani. *Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ... Finger, Stanley (1994), Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function, Oxford University Press, p. 70 ... Abu al-Qasim Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili was an important eleventh-century Arab Muslim ophthalmologist. Despite little being known ... An Uncommon History of Common Things. National Geographic Books. 2015. ISBN 9781426216169.. ...
Abortion is safer than childbirth if it is done before the 16th week of pregnancy and it is done by a professional.[11][12] ... At the end of the 20th century there was an emerging consensus among developmental neurobiologists that these connections are ...
... the 16th century church of the Encarnation, is a Baroque-era temple that includes vaulted-ceiling decorated in azulejo tile, ... History[edit]. According to some historical sources, the earliest settlement in the area occurred along the edges of small ... During the 14th century, a favorable confluence of conditions allowed Lagoa to develop rapidly.[5] Yet, the events of the 1755 ... When the area was later reconquered in the mid-12th century by Christian forces from the north, it was integrated into the ...
In the 16th century, the technique of distillation was introduced into the Kyushu district from Ryukyu.[5] The brewing of ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan. I. p. 187.. *^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1781). "Bereiding van de Sacki" ("Production ... History[edit]. The origin of sake is unclear, the earliest reference to the use of alcohol in Japan is recorded in the Book of ... Kaempfer, Engelbert (1906). The History of Japan: Together with a Description of the Kingdom of Siam, 1690-92, Vol I. Vol II. ...
Our Century: 'Boy Mayor' Leads Battle Into Default by Fred McGunagle. *^ The Crisis of Growth Politics: Cleveland, Kucinich, ... "Mayoral administration of Dennis J. Kucinich , Encyclopedia of Cleveland History". Case Western Reserve University. May 11, ... Kaptur won a 16th term against Republican Samuel "Joe the Plumber" Wurzelbacher and Libertarian Sean Stipe.[53] ... The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History by Cleveland Bicentennial Commission (Cleveland, Ohio), David D. Van Tassel (Editor), and ...
Oratam (16th century), sachem of the Hackensack. *Captain Pipe (Hopocan), (ca. 1725-ca. 1818), 18th Century chief and member of ... History[edit]. European contact[edit]. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this ... At the time of sustained European contact in the 16th centuries and 17th centuries, the Lenape were a powerful Native American ... The History and Culture of Iroquois Diplomacy: An Interdisciplinary Guide to the Treaties of the Six Nations and Their League. ...
The church is noted for its painted ceiling and early 16th-century fan vaulted aisle, the Dorset Aisle, designed and ... Whitham, J. A. The Church of St Mary of Ottery in the County of Devon: a short history and guide.. ... The town typically stages annual events around Guy Fawkes Night when, in a tradition dating from the 17th century, barrels ... areas allowing residents and visitors to enjoy both history and shopping together. ...
The resonance strings, or sympathetic strings, which were added to the instrument during the 2nd half of the 16th century, are ... "A Brief History of the Nyckelharpa". American Nyckelharpa Association. Retrieved 25 December 2018.. ... Kontrabasharpa - most popular during the 17th and 18th centuries. Typically the top has a high arch, and there are two oval- ... Silverbasharpa - most popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries, so named because of the bass strings which are ...
16th century in Wales. *17th century in literature. *17th-century French literature ...
History[edit]. In 1952, Niebuhr published The Irony of American History, in which he interpreted the meaning of the United ... Other leaders of American foreign policy in the late twentieth century and early twenty-first century have acknowledged ... Faith and History (1949) ISBN 0-684-15318-1. *The Irony of American History, Charles Scribner's Sons (1952), 1985 reprint: ISBN ... Martin E. Marty, "Reinhold Niebuhr and the Irony of American History: A Retrospective", History Teacher 1993 26(2): 161-174. ...
HistoryEdit. Main article: History of Ohio State University. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. ( ... In the last quarter century,[clarification needed] 32 Ohio State faculty members have received the Guggenheim Fellowship, more ... Its recent acquisitions were 16th among university research libraries in North America.[9] Along with 21 libraries on its ... "History of the Ohio Union". Archived from the original on December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.. ...
The Secret History of the Mongols mentions Genghis Khan as the leader of all people who live in felt tents, called gers, and ... Before the 20th century, most works of the fine arts in Mongolia had a religious function, and therefore Mongolian fine arts ... Another wave of translations of Indian/Tibetan texts came with Mongolia's conversion to Tibetan Buddhism in the late 16th/ ... In the 17th century, Tibetan Buddhism became the dominant religion in Mongolia. Traditional Shamanism was, except in some ...
In the 16th century, Adriaan van Roomen solved the problem using intersecting hyperbolas, but this solution does not use only ... A History of Greek Mathematics, Volume II: From Aristarchus to Diophantus. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 181-185, 416-417.. ... History[edit]. A rich repertoire of geometrical and algebraic methods have been developed to solve Apollonius' problem,[9][10] ... "A History of Mathematics (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 322. ISBN 0-471-54397-7. .. ...
By the 16th century, slaves from the Banda regions were in use as production labor in Sudanese Islamic states, and this trade ... Ann Brower Stahl (2001). Making History in Banda: Anthropological Visions of Africa's Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 82- ... According to American history professor Richard Bradshaw, the Banda people along with their neighbors, the Gbaya people, lived ... Kevin Shillington (2013). Encyclopedia of African History. Routledge. pp. 231-232. ISBN 978-1-135-45670-2.. ...
San Giorgio Maggiore (San Zorzi Mazor in Venetian) is a 16th-century Benedictine church on the island of the same name in ... History[edit]. The first church on the island was built about 790, and in 982 the island was given to the Benedictine order by ... Hartt, Frederick; David G. Wilkins (2006). History of Italian Renaissance Art. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice-Hall.. ... History of early modern period domes. Notes[edit]. .mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5em;list-style-type ...
The first settlers are thought to have arrived in the islands between 300 and 800 CE, with European arrival in the 16th century ... Roberts, Callum (2007). The Unnatural History of the Sea.. *^ Claudia Geib (July 16, 2020). "North Atlantic right whales now ... HistoryEdit. There are roughly 880 mountain gorillas remaining. 60% of primate species face an anthropogenically driven ... Scientific Experts Believe We are in Midst of Fastest Mass Extinction in Earth's History". American Museum of Natural History ...
The first use of the word lens to designate a specific genus was in the 16th century by the botanist Tournefort.[2] ... Although lentils have been an important crop for centuries, lentil breeding and genetic research has a relatively short history ... History[edit]. Lentils are the oldest pulse crop known, and among the earliest crops domesticated in the Old World, having been ...
of History, West of England, Bristol, School of History. Research interests: 15th-16th c. English cultural and urban history. ... History, Sheffield, Department of History. Teacher Dr. James Shaw. Sen. Lecturer in History, Sheffield, Department of History. ... Lecturer in History, Stirling, Department of History. Research interests: 16th-18th c. Scotland; political history; the ... Prof., West of England, Bristol, School of History. Research interests: Business history; economic history; labour history. ...
1501: Ismail I establishes the Safavid dynasty, and the Twelve-Imam Shiism becomes the state religion. 1507: The Kingdom of Portugal under Alfonso dAlbuquerque establishes trading outposts in the Persian Gulf.. 1502: The Golden Horde collapses into a number of smaller khanates. 1508: Ak Koyunlu is absorbed by the Safavids. 1511: DAlbuquerque conquers Malacca. 1514: Sultan Selim I defeats Safavids at the Battle of Chaldiran. 1516: Selim I defeats the Mamluks at the Battle of Merc-i Dabik and kills Sultan Kansu Gavri; Syria is conquered. 1517: The Ottoman army crosses the Sinai desert, defeats the new Mamluk Sultan Tomanbai at the Battle of Ridaniye and Battle of Cairo and conquers Egypt. The Sharif of Mecca presented keys to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina to Selim I and is declared their hereditary ruler. Al-Mutawakkil, the last Abbasid caliph, formally surrenders the title of caliph to Selim I. 1527: Fall of Majapahit empire, the last Hindu stronghold in South East Asia. Demak ...
The historical record in North America begins in the second half of the 16th century, with ongoing European exploration. 1524 ... the first formal history of the Americas, and Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés (Oviedo) History of the West Indies. It ... But it was not until the late nineteenth century that the actual existence of a Northwest Passage was proved and only at the ... 1577 Richard Eden published The history of travayle in the West and East Indies in 1577-this is not a reprint of the 1555 ...
16th century -- Sources. Filed under: Book industries and trade -- England -- History -- 16th century -- Sources*. A Transcript ... Filed under: Publishers and publishing -- England -- History -- 16th century -- Sources*. A Transcript of the Registers of the ... Browsing subject area: Book industries and trade -- England -- History -- 16th century -- Sources (Include extended shelves). ... Book industries and trade -- England -- History -- 16th century -- Sources. See also whats at your library, or elsewhere. ...
Revision history of "Schmidt, Christel (16th century)". View logs for this page. ... Browse history. From year (and earlier):. From month (and earlier):. all. January. February. March. April. May. June. July. ... Retrieved from "http://gameo.org/index.php?title=Schmidt,_Christel_(16th_century)" ...
This website is maintained by the Department of History and Civilization and the Library of the European University Institute ...
This website is maintained by the Department of History and Civilization and the Library of the European University Institute ...
In the 15th century, there was a shortage of workers, which pushed wages up. In the 16th century, the situation was reversed ... At the beginning of the 16th century Henry VII was keen to make an alliance with Spain. In 1501 his oldest son Arthur married ... There was rapid inflation in the mid-16th century. Also, the population was rising. ... Henry was also keen to revive the glories of the previous centuries when England conquered much of France. In 1511 he launched ...
16th-19th Centuries, March 16-May 11, 1986, held at the Dallas Museum of Art. ... 16th-19th Centuries [Photograph DMA_1382-02] One of 12 photographs in the series: Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th- ... Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries [Exhibition Photographs] (Collection) Photographs of the exhibition ... Dallas Museum of Art. Life at Court: Art for Indias Rulers, 16th-19th Centuries [Photograph DMA_1382-02], photograph, 1986; ( ...
Verzhbovskiy, Fedor Frantsevich (1853-1923). Materials for the history of the Moscow State in the XVI and XVII centuries / ... Materials for the history of the Muscovite state in the 16th and 17th centuries. Issue. 5. The Moscow embassy in Poland,. ... Materials for the history of the Moscow State in the XVI and XVII centuries / Fedor Verzhbovskiy Warsaw Type. Warsaw Academic ...
Home > GCSE > History > Why did witch trials increase in the 16th and 17th centuries? ... Why did witchcraft trials increase in the 16th and 17th centuries?*Mass Hysteria*Witch hunts began in 1640s*Matthew Hopkins= ... See all History resources »See all Crime and punishment through time (OCR History A) resources ». ...
History[edit]. 16th-17th Century[edit]. Prior to Dessies foundation, the major settlement in this area was Wasal, first ... mentioned in an early 16th-century Italian itinerary.[1] 19th Century[edit]. Emperor Yohannes IV was camping in the highlands ... 20th Century[edit]. Dessies location led to the telegraph line the Italians constructed between 1902 and 1904 from Asmara ... "Local History in Ethiopia" (pdf) The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 2 February 2008) ...
16th/17th centuries[edit]. The Tudor period again saw fears of French invasion, and coastal defences were strengthened. Gun ... 18th/19th centuries[edit]. The beginning of this period coincided with smuggling which was rife throughout the South Coast of ... 20th century[edit]. In the First World War the town became host to some 65,000 Belgian refugees fleeing the conflict. ... The history of Folkestone stretches back to prehistoric times, with evidence of human habitation dating to the Mesolithic and ...
... guarded Englands north-western border with Scotland and which continued to have an active military role until the 20th century ... A history of Carlisle Castle, the mighty border stronghold which ... The 15th and 16th Centuries. Carlisle played an important part ... in the turbulent history of the 15th and early 16th centuries, when the rule of law broke down over virtually the whole border ... although its interior has been significantly altered over the centuries, and the roof of the keep was lowered in the 16th ...
... enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6. Test your knowledge on this history quiz to see how you do and compare your score to ... Can you identify in which century these events occurred? For 15th (1401-1500) ... History Quiz / 15th or 16th Century. Random History or General Knowledge Quiz ... Tags:Century Quiz, Decade Quiz, General Knowledge Quiz, This or That Quiz, World Events, World History ...
Between 1951 and 1976, the Gallery acquired an outstanding group of English 18th - century portraits, including works by three ... century French and Italian art such as the works by Nicolas de Largillierre and Canaletto. The collection has continued to ... 263.5 x 172.0 x 9.0 cm frame Purchased with an anonymous gift fund for an 18th century portrait 1976 ...
... and 17th-century Japan : writings of Charles Ralph Boxer. [C R Boxer; Michael Moscato] ... 16th_century> ; # Europeans--Japan--History--16th century schema:about ; # Japan. schema: ... 16th_century> # Europeans--Japan--History--16th century a schema:Intangible ;. schema:hasPart 16th century"@en ;. . history_17th_century> # ...
The tlamatlquiticitl-midwife-offered those in her charge a remarkable 16th-century birthing plan, combining practical care, ... History Magazine. Call the Aztec Midwife: Childbirth in the 16th Century. Hygiene and ritual marked every moment of life for ... During the second part of the 16th century, Sahagún compiled a vast compendium on Aztec customs, entitled the General History ... A tlamatlquiticitl washes a newborn in cold water in an illustration adapted from the 16th-century compendium on Aztec customs ...
16th century Label Politics and literature -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century. Focus * Politics and literature ... 16th century Resource Information The concept Politics and literature -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century represents ... Context of Politics and literature -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century Subject of. ... 76 Items that share the Concept Politics and literature -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century ...
From now on, deeper research and investigation is needed to establish a firm conclusion on French drama history. ... Research on the transition process of French drama from the 16th century to the 18th century. Research Project ... it is thought that the underlying French drama theme from the 16th century to the 18th century is that of seeking after ... France / Theatre / 16th, 17th, 18th centuries. Research Abstract. The main purpose of this study is the transition process of ...
16th Century. *. 17th Century. *. 18th Century. *. 19th Century. *. 20th Century. *. 21st Century. ... 1-12 of 748 results for Books : History : The Qur an The Qur an ... What Every American Needs to Know about the Quran: A History of Islam & the United States. Jan 22, 2007 ... History Select the department you want to search in History. All Departments. Alexa Skills. Amazon Devices. Amazon Warehouse. ...
The Resource Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century Label Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century ... 16th century Resource Information The concept Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century represents the subject, ... Context of Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century Subject of. No resources found ... 1 Items that share the Concept Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century ...
... from its foundations with the ancient Greeks through to the end of the 20th century. ... The History of Western Medicine gives a broad overview of medical history in the Western World, ... The 16th century. By the 16th century, the Royal College of Physicians in London had been established but it was not an easy ... The 19th century. By the beginning of the 19th century, which was the century of progress in Western medicine, the human body ...
16th CenturyEdit. The 16th century saw the first contacts between Native Americans in what was to become the United States and ... Main article: Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas. From the 16th through the 19th centuries, the ... In the 16th century, Spaniards and other Europeans brought horses to Mexico. Some of the horses escaped and began to breed and ... 17th centuryEdit. Through the mid 17th century the Beaver Wars were fought over the fur trade between the Iroquois and the ...
16th and 17th Centuries Andreas Versalius and Leondardo Da Vinci dissected human bodies and made the first anatomical drawings( ... 18th Century Rene Laennec invented the stethoscope. Benjamin Franklin invented bifocals and found that colds could be passed ... 19th and 20th Centuries Joseph Lister(antiseptic), Ignas Semmelweiss(hand washing), Louis Pasteur(microorganisms cause disease/ ...
Intellectual History - Hörbuch-Reihe bei Audible ✓ Das 1. Hörbuch der Reihe gratis herunterladen ✓ Audible-Abo Probemonat jetzt ... Jewish Intellectual History: 16th to 20th Century * Autor: David B. Ruderman, The Great Courses ... Published in six volumes between 1776 and 1781, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire - for all its renown - ... In the 19th century, Europe was the crucible for most of the ideas, institutions, and "isms" that now shape the life of our ...
16th Century England. by James A Watkins. 111. *. History of England. Elizabeth The First of England History made Easy for Kids ... Middle Ages & Renaissance History. The Effects of Elizabeth Tudors Childhood & Adolescence on Her Reign of England - An ... Reformers in the Church of England alternated, for centuries, between sympathies for Catholic tradition and more reformed ...
"If you live somewhere like London you know that youre in a city with a really deep history.". Geoff Pick, the Director of the ... Search for 16th and 17th century plague victims ahead of London skeleton excavation. By Ben Miller , 03 July 2014 ... "Hopefully the work we do can help historians in years to come to get a clearer picture of 16th and 17th century London.. "I ... "But it will provide a unique record of the lives and deaths of 16th and 17th Century Londoners from the local area. Were keen ...
ancient Greece and Rome . 15TH CENTURY. 16th century. 17th century . 18th century. 19th century. 20th century. ... 16th century. 1501 - 1600 * People with psychological disorders were seen as dangerous so they were locked up to protect ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, people were obsessed with the concept of mental illness. This is evident throughout ... 17th century 1601 - 1700 General belief: If mad people behaved like animals, they should be treated like animals. - Thomas ...
Pacific Centuries: Pacific and Pacific Rim Economic History Since the 16th Century 1st Edition. Edited By Dennis O. Flynn, ... Pacific Centuries Pacific and Pacific Rim Economic History Since the 16th Century ... Starting with the 16th century trade of Latin American silver and Chinese silk, leading researchers trace the economic, ... but became particularly prevalent toward the end of the 19th century. In the mid-20th century governments began to use so ...
  • However, it was the coming of the railways in mid-19th century that proved to be the town's future: with it came the tourist trade, and the two industries, port and seaside resort, were the making of its prosperity until changes in tourist opportunities in the mid twentieth century brought about its present somewhat depleted fortunes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cartels, trusts and agreements to reduce competition between firms have existed for centuries, but became particularly prevalent toward the end of the 19th century. (routledge.com)
  • The 19th century was one of the most famous in English history after the Tudors. (sooperarticles.com)
  • Sedan chairs were especially popular in Edinburgh in the 1700s-a small fleet had become available for public hire in the 1680s-but fell out of fashion by the mid-19th century. (atlasobscura.com)
  • 4/1/2016 Session 1 of 3: Color Change in 19th Century Art - Duration: 2 hours, 30 minutes. (artic.edu)
  • Most 19th-century Americans found Christmas trees an oddity. (history.com)
  • That stern solemnity continued until the 19th century, when the influx of German and Irish immigrants undermined the Puritan legacy. (history.com)
  • Hebrew books were not allowed to printed for the next thirteen years, however, the Jewish printing press and publishing companies continued to thrive until the early 19th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Rabbi Isserles' works were printed in the Hebrew printing press, which had started in the 1530's and was active until the 19th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Since the end of the 19th century, the Church has suffered the same problems as neighboring countries, poverty, lack of education, anticlericalism, and a shortage of priests. (ewtn.com)
  • Until the 13th century dissections were seldom performed, sometimes in public. (termedia.pl)
  • In the 13th century, it became part of the Cinque Ports , and with it the privileges of a wealthy trading port. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] In the early 13th century King John (r.1199-1216) may have been responsible for rebuilding the outer curtain wall and the inner ward wall in stone. (english-heritage.org.uk)
  • Gin's long and somewhat murky history gets going in the 16th-century Netherlands,' says Alfonso Morodo, co-founder of Gin Mare Mediterranean Gin , 'though mentions of gin's precursor, 'jenever' (Dutch for juniper) have been found in writings going back to the 13th century. (howstuffworks.com)
  • While Jews did not settle in Venice until the 13th century, many Jewish merchants and moneylenders visited and worked in the city beginning with the 10th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Jews arrived in krakow in the late 13th century among German immigrants traveling on a commercial route to Prague. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • For 15th (1401-1500) enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6. (sporcle.com)
  • This story appears in the January/February 2017 issue of National Geographic History magazine. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • L a La Land was announced as the best film winner at the 2017 Oscars on Sunday night - but then had to hand the award over to Moonlight after a mistake was noticed in what was the most dramatic moment in the history of the Academy Awards. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the state emerged as a major player in the economies of the Western World. (routledge.com)
  • Dutch gin as it was commonly known was later refined in and around London during the 17th and 18th centuries giving us the now ubiquitous London Dry gin, which is the dominant juniper-forward style available. (howstuffworks.com)
  • In the 16th century, Catholics and Protestants, among others, argued that, morally, marriage was the only appropriate outlet for the erotic urges humans suffer . (ranker.com)
  • It is a widely held belief that Martin Luther, the 16th-century Protestant reformer, first added lighted candles to a tree. (history.com)
  • The historical record in North America begins in the second half of the 16th century, with ongoing European exploration. (wikipedia.org)
  • DUTCH EMPIRE: AMERICA NORTH AMERICA - Various Authors, "The Colonial History of New York under the Dutch", CD-Rom in 5 volumes. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • As a consequence of the exponential growth of science, most mathematics has developed since the 15th century ce , and it is a historical fact that, from the 15th century to the late 20th century, new developments in mathematics were largely concentrated in Europe and North America . (britannica.com)
  • Take a good look at the old stone structure that juts from the western wall-a wall believed to be a surviving fragment of the King's Wall, a protective 15th-century barrier that marked the city's boundary. (atlasobscura.com)
  • but it may well date from the 14th or early 15th century. (harpenden-history.org.uk)
  • Indeed, to understand the history of mathematics in Europe, it is necessary to know its history at least in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, in ancient Greece , and in Islamic civilization from the 9th to the 15th century. (britannica.com)
  • Jewish history in the city can be traced back to the 14th or 15th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Disagreements continued between the Jews and the other residents of krakow during the 15th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Also in the 15th century, Jacob Pollack settled in Kazimierz and founded the first yeshiva, and talmudic learning began to spread throughout Poland. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • The history of Native Americans in the United States began in ancient times tens of thousands of years ago with the settlement of the Americas by the Paleo-Indians . (wikipedia.org)
  • This article offers a history of mathematics from ancient times to the present. (britannica.com)
  • The history of Christmas trees goes back to the symbolic use of evergreens in ancient Egypt and Rome and continues with the German tradition of candlelit Christmas trees first brought to America in the 1800s. (history.com)
  • This course is an introduction to the main political, economic, social, and cultural events and trends of ancient Greek history, the primary sources associated with them, and the historiographical debates about them. (luc.edu)
  • But it was not until the late nineteenth century that the actual existence of a Northwest Passage was proved and only at the beginning of this century that the transit was made. (wikipedia.org)
  • Among the original machines described in the corpus of technology from Muslim Civilisation, the six-cylinder 'monobloc' piston pump designed by Taqi al-Din Ibn Ma'ruf in the late 16th century holds a special place. (1001inventions.com)
  • The Spanish and Portuguese Jews also came to Venice in the late 16th century and were the strongest and wealthiest community in the ghetto. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • A number of yeshivot founded in the late 16th century continued to grow, making krakow a center of Jewish learning. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • A search for evidence of the 16th and 17th century plague victims buried at London's infamous Bedlam burial ground - the first not to be associated with a parish church, near the Bethlem Hospital which responded to the crisis - has been launched ahead of the excavation of thousands of skeletons beneath Liverpool Street. (culture24.org.uk)
  • I've been getting e-mails asking me to record something by the 16th century humanist Erasmus. (apple.com)
  • To these three urban centres developed between the 12th and 14th centuries, which were dedicated to trade through the great European trade areas of the Baltic and the Mediterranean, a third trade centre on the Atlantic was added in the 16th century. (hispantic.com)
  • For most of the twentieth century, tin was the site of new forms of international regulation which became a model for other commodities. (routledge.com)
  • This course focuses on twentieth century historical writing, emphasizing changing interpretive paradigms and innovative methodologies. (luc.edu)
  • One of the most unique prophetic men of the Twentieth Century was the revivalist, John Sung. (revival-library.org)
  • He was being prepared to participate in one of the mightiest revivals of the twentieth century. (revival-library.org)
  • Later, medicine was taught at new universities established in Cambridge, Oxford, Bologna, Montpellier and Paris - where, in the 14th century, anatomy lessons often included the public dissection of human corpses but the teaching of surgery was prohibited by the Church. (hubpages.com)
  • In the 14th century, however, erectile dysfunction was under increased scrutiny in Europe. (ranker.com)
  • By the 14th century, Jews had established an organized community. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Merchant traveled less often with their merchandize during the 17th and 18th century then before. (wordpress.com)
  • the impact of Reformation and Counter-Reformation on German life and history. (luc.edu)
  • The year 1560 saw Europe challenged by the changes of the first half of the sixteenth century: the Renaissance, the Reformation, the expansion of Europe, and new stages in the development of the state and of a capitalist economy. (luc.edu)
  • An influx of immigrants from Bohemia-Moravia, as well as from Germany, Italy, Spain and Portugal came to Kazimierz in the 16th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • sixteenth century poets Juan de Padilla and Pedro de Padilla. (houseofnames.com)
  • PORTUGUESE EMPIRE: INDIA PAKISTAN: - Badalkhan, Sabir "Portuguese encounters with coastal Makran Baloch during the sixteenth century. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • Sixteenth-century artists working in Rome were unusually peripatetic. (artic.edu)
  • In debates surrounding the New Perspective on Paul, the sixteenth-century Protestant Reformers are often characterized as the apostle's misinterpreters in chief. (logos.com)
  • In the final decades of the sixteenth century, the Lombard economy began to show signs of the changes that were to bring about its repositioning on the international market, in which the role it had held up until this point, an exporter of luxury goods, was to be limited. (brillonline.com)
  • The concept Politics and literature -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in University of Missouri Libraries . (missouri.edu)
  • The concept Farm life -- Great Britain -- History -- 16th century represents the subject, aboutness, idea or notion of resources found in London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham Libraries . (lbhf.gov.uk)
  • In the second half of the 20th century, some Church leaders were supportive of Marxist-type revolutions, here and elsewhere in South America, justifying their support by 'liberation theology. (ewtn.com)
  • Papers on Portuguese, Dutch, and Jesuit influences in 16th- and 17th-century Japan. (worldcat.org)
  • DUTCH EMPIRE: CEYLON (SRI LANKA) CEYLON-SRI LANKA: - Various Authors "History of Ceylon" Vol. 1, parts 1 & 2: "Pre-Colonial Period" University of Ceylon, 1959/60, Colombo, Sri Lanka. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • Detailed research on Arguin castle history during the Portuguese, Dutch and Brandenburg periods. (colonialvoyage.com)
  • However, initially subjects covered a wide field, not only of Dutch but also of general history, and articles were translated from Dutch not only into English but also into French and German. (worldcat.org)
  • The University of California San Diego's Department of History is flush with scholars studying the fascinating histories of many parts of the world, from Africa and the Americas to the Middle East. (ucsd.edu)
  • Celebrate the opening of Strokes of Genius: Italian Drawings from the Goldman Collection with a daylong program featuring visiting curators and scholars exploring the influence of 16th-century artists who traveled the Italian peninsula. (artic.edu)
  • The project is on West African Islamic intellectual and artistic history: the tradition of Arabic poetry, that embodied and popularized the ideals and doctrines of great West African Islamic scholars and reformers with a specific focus on Mauritania, known as balad milyūn shāʿir (land of million poets). (ualberta.ca)
  • This course has a variable focus on topics pertaining to the history of ideas and intellectual history of the Middle Ages and the social and cultural nexus in which they develop. (luc.edu)
  • This course will acquaint students with recent historiography on the history of the later Middle Ages (ca. 1350-1500), with special emphasis on the developments in Italy. (luc.edu)
  • In 16th century Europe, only 2% of the population lived in cities of more than 40,000 inhabitants. (hispantic.com)
  • In 1628, after a century of population growth and inflation, 125 of 261 taxpayers (48 per cent) were assessed on land or houses rather than on movable goods or as aliens. (british-history.ac.uk)
  • Its decline during the 16th century may have been a result of disease resistance within the human population, the researchers speculate. (livescience.com)
  • 16th Century birds and bees. (livinghistory.co.uk)
  • Throughout the whole and continuing history of the Broads grazing marshes, there is no doubt that they represent an outstanding wildlife resource, in particular for wetland birds, aquatic plants and invertebrates within the extensive dyke systems. (broads-authority.gov.uk)
  • A score of 16 points in three higher level subjects, History and a language preferred, with no score lower than 5. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • It examines the rise of social history and then cultural history as the dominant historical genres and the new focus on previously ignored subjects like gender and sexuality. (luc.edu)
  • At the beginning of the eighteenth century the harbour finally became a reality, and Folkestone, like most settlements on the south coast, became involved in smuggling . (wikipedia.org)
  • The western front was created to match the architectural display of the south front, and and a clock turret was added - replaced in the eighteenth century by a sounder structure. (harpenden-history.org.uk)
  • Between 1951 and 1976, the Gallery acquired an outstanding group of English 18th - century portraits, including works by three of the leading painters of the age: William Hogarth, Thomas Gainsborough and Joshua Reynolds. (blogspot.com)
  • In the 16th century, London alone accounted for 50% of the country's growth. (hispantic.com)
  • By the 16th century, the Royal College of Physicians in London had been established but it was not an easy time in the history of medicine as the forces of conservatism fought a rearguard action against the inevitability of change. (hubpages.com)
  • Hopefully the work we do can help historians in years to come to get a clearer picture of 16th and 17th century London. (culture24.org.uk)
  • If you live somewhere like London you know that you're in a city with a really deep history. (culture24.org.uk)
  • Originally published by Victoria County History, London, 1994. (british-history.ac.uk)
  • Since the 17th century, mathematics has been an indispensable adjunct to the physical sciences and technology, and in more recent times it has assumed a similar role in the quantitative aspects of the life sciences. (britannica.com)
  • 2020 Scott Specialized Catalogue Of United States Stamps And Covers The Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps and Covers is the essential reference work for collectors of United States postage stamps and postal history. (linns.com)
  • This important new volume provides an economic history for the period 1815-1939 of state/business relations in the major powers: France, Germany, Japan, Russia, UK and the USA. (routledge.com)
  • This entry was posted on Sunday, July 27th, 2008 at 21:53 and is filed under Early Modern , Economic History , Europe , reading notes . (wordpress.com)
  • We present the first part of work concerning the history of autopsy. (termedia.pl)
  • This 84-lecture, 12-professor tour of Western philosophical tradition covers more than 60 of history's greatest minds and brings you a comprehensive survey of the history of Western philosophy from its origins in classical Greece to the present. (audible.de)
  • The State Library and Archives is pleased to present Theodor de Bry's 16th century engravings in conjunction with the Florida Department of State's Viva Florida 500 commemoration. (floridamemory.com)
  • We keep archives dating from the 16th century until present times. (cyndislist.com)