Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete the interleukins IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and IL-10. These cytokines influence B-cell development and antibody production as well as augmenting humoral responses.
Subset of helper-inducer T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete interleukin-2, gamma-interferon, and interleukin-12. Due to their ability to kill antigen-presenting cells and their lymphokine-mediated effector activity, Th1 cells are associated with vigorous delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Subset of helper-effector T-lymphocytes which synthesize and secrete IL-17, IL-17F, and IL-22. These cytokines are involved in host defenses and tissue inflammation in autoimmune diseases.
An ancient civilization, known as early as 2000 B.C. The Persian Empire was founded by Cyrus the Great (550-529 B.C.) and for 200 years, from 550 to 331 B.C., the Persians ruled the ancient world from India to Egypt. The territory west of India was called Persis by the Greeks who later called the entire empire Persia. In 331 B.C. the Persian wars against the Greeks ended disastrously under the counterattacks by Alexander the Great. The name Persia in modern times for the modern country was changed to Iran in 1935. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p546 & Asimov, Words on the Map, 1962, p176)
Residential treatment centers for individuals with leprosy.
The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.
Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)
An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
The longterm manifestations of WEATHER. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The act or ceremony of putting a corpse into the ground or a vault, or into the sea; or the inurnment of CREMAINS.
The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)
A medical specialty concerned with the study of the structures, functions, and diseases of the nervous system.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
An acute infectious disease caused by YERSINIA PESTIS that affects humans, wild rodents, and their ectoparasites. This condition persists due to its firm entrenchment in sylvatic rodent-flea ecosystems throughout the world. Bubonic plague is the most common form.
Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.
A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)
The effect of GLOBAL WARMING and the resulting increase in world temperatures. The predicted health effects of such long-term climatic change include increased incidence of respiratory, water-borne, and vector-borne diseases.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
The period of history from 1601 of the common era to the present.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)
Beliefs and practices concerned with producing desired results through supernatural forces or agents as with the manipulation of fetishes or rituals.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.
The practice of medicine concerned with conditions affecting the health of individuals associated with the marine environment.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
The field which deals with illustrative clarification of biomedical concepts, as in the use of diagrams and drawings. The illustration may be produced by hand, photography, computer, or other electronic or mechanical methods.
Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.
The separation or resolution of the psyche into its constituent elements. The term has two separate meanings: 1. a procedure devised by Sigmund Freud, for investigating mental processes by means of free association, dream interpretation and interpretation of resistance and transference manifestations; and 2. a theory of psychology developed by Freud from his clinical experience with hysterical patients. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996).
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
A group comprised of several species of eared seals found in two genera, in the family Otariidae. In comparison to SEA LIONS, they have an especially dense wooly undercoat.
Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.
The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Study of coins, tokens, medals, etc. However, it usually refers to medals pertaining to the history of medicine.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A phenomenon that is observed when a small subgroup of a larger POPULATION establishes itself as a separate and isolated entity. The subgroup's GENE POOL carries only a fraction of the genetic diversity of the parental population resulting in an increased frequency of certain diseases in the subgroup, especially those diseases known to be autosomal recessive.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
An acute, highly contagious, often fatal infectious disease caused by an orthopoxvirus characterized by a biphasic febrile course and distinctive progressive skin eruptions. Vaccination has succeeded in eradicating smallpox worldwide. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
Societies having institutional membership limited to hospitals and other health care institutions.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Inflammation of the periosteum. The condition is generally chronic, and is marked by tenderness and swelling of the bone and an aching pain. Acute periostitis is due to infection, is characterized by diffuse suppuration, severe pain, and constitutional symptoms, and usually results in necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Unlawful act of taking property.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Homeostatic control of the immune system by secretion of different cytokines by the Th1 and Th2 cells. The concentration dependent binding of the various cytokines to specific receptors determines the balance (or imbalance leading to disease).
Increase, over a specific period of time, in the number of individuals living in a country or region.
A concept that stands for or suggests something else by reason of its relationship, association, convention, or resemblance. The symbolism may be mental or a visible sign or representation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
All deaths reported in a given population.
Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar lime fruit. Its common name of lime is similar to the limetree (TILIA).
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The medical science that deals with the origin, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of mental disorders.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.
A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).
Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A monotheistic religion promulgated by the Prophet Mohammed with Allah as the deity.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.
Use for general articles concerning medical education.
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An induced skin pigment (MELANIN) darkening after exposure to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. The degree of tanning depends on the intensity and duration of UV exposure, and genetic factors.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A subfamily of the Old World monkeys, CERCOPITHECIDAE. They inhabit the forests and savannas of Africa. This subfamily contains the following genera: CERCOCEBUS; CERCOPITHECUS; ERYTHROCEBUS; MACACA; PAPIO; and THEROPITHECUS.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
Societies whose membership is limited to physicians.
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The etiologic agent of PLAGUE in man, rats, ground squirrels, and other rodents.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The variety of all native living organisms and their various forms and interrelationships.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
Countries that have reached a level of economic achievement through an increase of production, per capita income and consumption, and utilization of natural and human resources.
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
The activities and endeavors of the public health services in a community on any level.
The largest of the continents. It was known to the Romans more specifically as what we know today as Asia Minor. The name comes from at least two possible sources: from the Assyrian asu (to rise) or from the Sanskrit usa (dawn), both with reference to its being the land of the rising sun, i.e., eastern as opposed to Europe, to the west. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p82 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p34)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.
An acute diarrheal disease endemic in India and Southeast Asia whose causative agent is VIBRIO CHOLERAE. This condition can lead to severe dehydration in a matter of hours unless quickly treated.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Postnatal deaths from BIRTH to 365 days after birth in a given population. Postneonatal mortality represents deaths between 28 days and 365 days after birth (as defined by National Center for Health Statistics). Neonatal mortality represents deaths from birth to 27 days after birth.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)

Fish and mammals in the economy of an ancient Peruvian kingdom. (1/201)

Fish and mammal bones from the coastal site of Cerro Azul, Peru shed light on economic specialization just before the Inca conquest of A. D. 1470. The site devoted itself to procuring anchovies and sardines in quantity for shipment to agricultural communities. These small fish were dried, stored, and eventually transported inland via caravans of pack llamas. Cerro Azul itself did not raise llamas but obtained charqui (or dried meat) as well as occasional whole adult animals from the caravans. Guinea pigs were locally raised. Some 20 species of larger fish were caught by using nets; the more prestigious varieties of these show up mainly in residential compounds occupied by elite families.  (+info)

A simple and efficient method for PCR amplifiable DNA extraction from ancient bones. (2/201)

A simple and effective modified ethanol precipitation-based protocol is described for the preparation of DNA from ancient human bones. This method is fast and requires neither hazardous chemicals nor special devices. After the powdering and incubating of the bone samples Dextran Blue was added as a carrier for removing the PCR inhibitors with selective ethanol precipitation. This method could eliminate the time-consuming separate decalcification step, dialysis, application of centrifugation-driven microconcentrators and the second consecutive PCR amplification. The efficiency of this procedure was demonstrated on ten 500-1200-year-old human bones from four different Hungarian burial sites. A mitochondrial specific primer pair was used to obtain sequence information from the purified ancient DNA. The PCR amplification, after our DNA extraction protocol, was successful from each of the 10 bone samples investigated. The results demonstrate that extraction of DNA from ancient bone samples with this new approach increases the success rate of PCR amplification.  (+info)

Involving women in HIV vaccine efficacy trials: lessons learned from a vaccine preparedness study in New York City. (3/201)

This paper identifies the recruitment strategies and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors of at-risk women in an HIV vaccine preparedness study in New York City, assesses how these behaviors changed over time, and draws implications for women's involvement in HIV vaccine efficacy trials. Noninjecting HIV-1 negative women (N = 89) were recruited into an HIV vaccine preparedness study. An observational cohort study design was used. Women were recruited from clinics and community-based organizations (40%), through other study participants (24%), through newspaper advertisements (20%), and through street outreach (16%). Most women who refused (72%) also came from clinics and agencies. Retention after 12 months was 67%; after 18 months, it was 62%. The proportion of women reporting unprotected vaginal sex in the previous 3 months was 85% at baseline and declined to 70% after 12 months (P < .05). There have been no seroconversions detected. Recruitment efforts to include at-risk women in HIV vaccine efficacy trials must be diverse and actively involve community agencies. Successfully retaining these cohorts over time and detecting a high enough HIV seroincidence rate present ongoing challenges that will need to be addressed to ensure women's involvement in future trials in the US.  (+info)

First European exposure to syphilis: the Dominican Republic at the time of Columbian contact. (4/201)

Recognition of syphilis in Europe in the late 15th century and its prior absence suggest New World origin. Skeletal populations were examined from sites with documented Columbian contact in the Dominican Republic. Examination of 536 skeletal remains revealed periosteal reaction characteristic of treponemal disease in 6%-14% of the afflicted population. Findings were identical to that previously noted in confirmed syphilis-affected populations and distinctive from those associated with yaws and bejel: it was a low population frequency phenomenon, affecting an average of 1.7-2.6 bone groups, often asymmetric and sparing hands and feet, but associated with significant tibial remodeling. While findings diagnostic of syphilis have been reported in the New World, actual demonstration of syphilis in areas where Columbus actually had contact was missing, until now. The evidence is consistent with this site as the point of initial contact of syphilis and of its subsequent spread from the New World to the Old.  (+info)

Molecular identification by "suicide PCR" of Yersinia pestis as the agent of medieval black death. (5/201)

Medieval Black Death is believed to have killed up to one-third of the Western European population during the 14th century. It was identified as plague at this time, but recently the causative organism was debated because no definitive evidence has been obtained to confirm the role of Yersinia pestis as the agent of plague. We obtained the teeth of a child and two adults from a 14th century grave in France, disrupted them to obtain the pulp, and applied the new "suicide PCR" protocol in which the primers are used only once. There were no positive controls: Neither Yersinia nor Yersinia DNA were introduced in the laboratory. A negative result is followed by a new test using other primers; a positive result is followed by sequencing. The second and third primer pair used, coding for a part of the pla gene, generated amplicons whose sequence confirmed that it was Y. pestis in 1 tooth from the child and 19/19 teeth from the adults. Negative controls were negative. Attempts to detect the putative alternative etiologic agents Bacillus anthracis and Rickettsia prowazekii failed. Suicide PCR avoids any risk of contamination as it uses a single-shot primer-its specificity is absolute. We believe that we can end the controversy: Medieval Black Death was plague.  (+info)

Facts and fiction surrounding the discovery of the venous valves. (6/201)

Venous valves are delicate structures, the integrity of which is crucial for the normal function of the venous system. Their abnormalities lead to widespread disorders, ranging from chronic venous insufficiency to life-threatening thromboembolic phenomena. The discovery of the venous valves, however, has been the subject of hot controversy. Even though Fabricius ab Aquapendente is credited with the discovery by most historians, we demonstrate in this paper that other anatomists described them many years before Fabricius ab Aquapendente publicly demonstrated them in Padua in 1579. A thorough review of the historical literature surrounding the discovery of the venous valves was carried out from 1545 to the present under the supervision of the Medical History Department of our institution. Research was performed at the History of Medicine Division of the National Library of Medicine and through MEDLINE access to the medical literature. The Parisian Charles Estienne first mentioned the venous valves in his 1545 publication when he described "apophyses membranarum" in the veins of the liver. Lusitanus and Canano publicly demonstrated them in the azygos vein during cadaver dissections performed in Ferrera, Italy. The Parisian Jacques Sylvius described valves in the veins of the extremities in 1555. The work of these anatomists, however, could not achieve full recognition, because Andreas Vesalius, the leading anatomist at that time, was unable to confirm their findings and strongly denied the existence of venous valves. Vesalius's influence was so powerful that research on the subject was idle until 1579, when Fabricius ab Aquapendente "discovered" the venous valves. About the same time, the German Salomon Alberti published the first drawings of a venous valve (in 1585). William Harvey, a disciple of Fabricius ab Aquapendente, finally postulated the function of the venous valves, providing anatomical support for one of the greatest discoveries in medicine: the blood circulation. Therefore, our investigations revealed that Estienne and Canano discovered the venous valves in the 1530s. Fabricius ab Aquapendente's achievement was their full recognition 64 years later. However, it was not until 1628 that their function was fully understood, with the discovery of the blood circulation by William Harvey.  (+info)

Fecal steroids of the coprolite of a Greenland Eskimo mummy, AD 1475: a clue to dietary sterol intake. (7/201)

BACKGROUND: Sterols in feces reflect sterols in the diet. In previous analyses of the fecal steroids in 1000-2000-y-old Native American coprolites found in the dry caves of Nevada, we showed that the sterol nucleus was stable. The coprolites provided useful dietary information. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we analyzed the fecal steroids of an Eskimo mummy buried and frozen >500 y ago in Greenland. We compared these analyses with our findings in the coprolites from Nevada and in present-day stool samples from Tarahumara Indians of Mexico and Americans consuming low- and high-cholesterol diets. DESIGN: The fecal material from the Eskimo mummy was subjected to saponification, extraction, and digitonin precipitation. The sterols and bile acids were further analyzed by thin-layer chromatography and gas-liquid chromatography. RESULTS: The fecal steroids of the Greenland Eskimo mummy were remarkably similar to those of present-day stool samples. However, unlike in the stool of modern humans, a portion of the neutral steroids in the coprolite had been converted to sterol epimers. Instead of deoxycholic acid, 3alpha,6beta,12alpha-trihydroxycholanic acid was one of the major fecal bile acids. The plant sterol output in the coprolite was only 0.4% of the output of Americans consuming 250-400 mg plant sterols/d. The ratio of bile acid to cholesterol in the coprolite was similar to that in stool from Tarahumara Indians consuming a low-cholesterol diet. CONCLUSION: The sterol nucleus is stable when frozen. The analysis of coprolite showed that the young Eskimo woman had consumed a diet very low in plant sterols and moderate to low in cholesterol content.  (+info)

Hieronymus Bosch (1450-1516): paleopathology of the medieval disabled and its relation to the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010. (8/201)

BACKGROUND: At the start of the Bone and Joint Decade 2000-2010, a paleopathologic study of the physically disabled may yield information and insight on the prevalence of crippling disorders and attitudes towards the afflicted in the past compared to today. OBJECTIVE: To analyze "The procession of the Cripples," a representative drawing of 31 disabled individuals by Hieronymus Bosch in 1500. METHODS: Three specialists--a rheumatologist, an orthopedic surgeon and a neurologist--analyzed each case by problem-solving means and clinical reasoning in order to formulate a consensus on the most likely diagnosis. RESULTS: This iconographic study of cripples in the sixteenth century reveals that the most common crippling disorder was not a neural form of leprosy, but rather that other disorders were also prevalent, such as congenital malformation, dry gangrene due to ergotism, post-traumatic amputations, infectious diseases (Pott's, syphilis), and even simulators. The drawings show characteristic coping patterns and different kinds of crutches and aids. CONCLUSION: A correct clinical diagnosis can be reached through the collaboration of a rheumatologist, an orthopedist and a neurologist. The Bone and Joint Decade Project, calling for attention and education with respect to musculoskeletal disorders, should reduce the impact and burden of crippling diseases worldwide through early clinical diagnosis and appropriate treatment.  (+info)

What are the 5 symptoms of the black death in order? The symptoms of the bubonic plague are the following. 1. Purple patches all over the body.Europe in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries • Overview of Medieval Europe Europe in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries the nature of bubonic plague ...
The conference concentrates on Central and Eastern Europe as rich and complex regions of critical importance in the modern world but whose artistic heritages are little known and little understood.
Kabir, the fifteenth‐century weaver‐poet of Varanasi, is still one of the most revered and popular saint‐singers of North India. He belonged to a family of Muslim julahas (weavers of low‐caste ... More. Kabir, the fifteenth‐century weaver‐poet of Varanasi, is still one of the most revered and popular saint‐singers of North India. He belonged to a family of Muslim julahas (weavers of low‐caste status), is believed to have been a disciple of the Hindu guru Ramanand, and often sang of inner experience using language of the subtle yogic body. Yet he cannot be classified as Hindu, Muslim, or yogi. Fiercely independent, he has become an icon of speaking truth to power. In a blunt and uncompromising style, he exhorted his listeners to shed their delusions, pretensions, and orthodoxies in favor of a direct experience of truth. He satirized hypocrisy, greed, and violence-especially among the religious. Belonging to a social group widely considered low and unclean, he criticized caste ...
The word renaissance means new birth. Near the end of the Middle Ages, a new sense of cultural and intellectual awareness developed in Europe that involved art and literature. Examining the Renaissance period fully should include a look at the culture that arose as people pursued new directions in education and religion. Even the clothing and costumes people wore were distinctive in this era. The plague played a contributing role in the birth of the Renaissance due to the significant disruptions and upheavals caused by what became known as the Black Death. Scholars during this period began exploring past the standard theological confines, which fueled the expansion of culture and the humanities.. The Plague. Expanding trade between the East and the West in the late Middle Ages is a possible cause of the initial spread of the plague. Trade routes traveled by merchants were infested by rodents, which carried parasites. Sometime during the mid-1300s, the plague arrived in Western Europe, where ...
One theory that has been advanced is that the devastation in Florence caused by the Black Death, which hit Europe between 1348 and 1350, resulted in a shift in the world view of people in 14th-century Italy. Italy was particularly badly hit by the plague, and it has been speculated that the resulting familiarity with death caused thinkers to dwell more on their lives on Earth, rather than on spirituality and the afterlife.[38] It has also been argued that the Black Death prompted a new wave of piety, manifested in the sponsorship of religious works of art.[39] However, this does not fully explain why the Renaissance occurred specifically in Italy in the 14th century. The Black Death was a pandemic that affected all of Europe in the ways described, not only Italy. The Renaissances emergence in Italy was most likely the result of the complex interaction of the above factors.[13]. The plague was carried by fleas on sailing vessels returning from the ports of Asia, spreading quickly due to lack of ...
personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.,Africa Renaissance hotels offer the perfect blend of accommodations and amenities. With comfortable rooms, personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.
personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.,Africa Renaissance hotels offer the perfect blend of accommodations and amenities. With comfortable rooms, personal attention and a host of on-site services, at Renaissance hotels in Africa youll find everything you need for the ideal stay.
Pierre Fréchette, President and CEO of Renaissance stated, This transaction represents a significant milestone for Renaissance, and is in-line with our strategy of acquiring niche products that we can both manufacture within our internal network and market through our strong commercial group. The RoundTable team was instrumental in helping to source, diligence and complete such an important acquisition.. Simon Jose, Stiefel President said, This agreement allows US patients to continue to have access to treatments they value and allows the Stiefel US Team to focus on growth and development of new treatments within our core dermatology portfolio.. John Denman, General Manager of Prestium commented, We are excited to add these mature specialty brands to Prestiums growing portfolio, and look forward to continuing to supply such important products to our customers and to patients across the country.. About Renaissance Acquisition Holdings ...
To really understand any historical time period it is essential that one has a firm grasp on the vocabulary of the times. In this article, the definitions for various governmental and military occupations are given and defined. - Renaissance Occupations - Governmental & Military - Renaissance at BellaOnline
Mining was one of the most important driving forces behind economic and technological dynamics in early modern Europe. Silver, copper, and lead mining experienced a veritable boom in the Ore Mountains, the Harz Mountains, and the Tyrolean Alps from the second half of the fifteenth century. The rapid spread of news of the discovery of rich metal deposits led to a sudden transformation of hitherto uncultivated areas into populated and prospering mining regions (Figure 1). The term Berggeschrey, or mountain clamor, was coined by contemporaries to describe this phenomenon-firstly, it points to a process of economic dynamism, with faster cycles of booms and busts and the circulation of people, knowledge, materials, and money at a quickened pace. Secondly, the clamors intensity and impulsiveness marks the affective dimension of this early modern silver rush, driven by material desires, hope, and fear. My research project Subterranean Economies-Resource Flows and Metal Culture in Early Modern ...
Cunninghams Manual of Practical Anatomy (Fifteenth Edition) de G. J. Romanes en Iberlibro.com - ISBN 10: 0199565333 - ISBN 13: 9780199565337 - Oxford - 1986 - Tapa blanda
Knowing you absolutely dont need something does not make it any easier to rationalize not buying it. The fifteenth pair of sneakers, a nuke proof phone case and these Escort Carbon Fiber Daggers all fit into that category.
Umber was one of the first pigments used by humans; its found along with carbon black, red and yellow ocher in cave paintings from the neolithic period. Dark brown pigments were rarely used in Medieval art; artists of that period preferred bright, distinct colors such as red, blue and green. The umbers were not widely used in Europe before the end of the fifteenth century; The Renaissance painter and writer Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) described them as being rather new in his time.[5] The great age of umber was the baroque period, where it often provided the dark shades in the chiaroscuro (light-dark) style of painting. It was an important part of the palette of Caravaggio (1571-1610) and Rembrandt (1606-1669). Rembrandt used it as an important element of his rich and complex browns, and he also took advantage of its other qualities; it dried more quickly than other browns, and therefore he often used it as a ground so he could work more quickly, or mixed it with other pigments to speed up the ...
Free Essay: Tying in aspects from the Medieval and Renaissance ages, Marlowes Doctor Faustus unifies the Medieval and Renaissance ages into a marvelous...
For only download two aristotelians, the flavor month is enough worth. Participants at download two aristotelians of the italian renaissance nicoletto vernia and agostino very keep the endless benefit on their S-band decision-making. This download two aristotelians of the italian renaissance nicoletto vernia and agostino will therefore understand up most social exercise or their night services until the t is greatly to six Users or less.
As with all of our procedures, the first step is a comprehensive, confidential consultation with one of our top service providers at Skin Renaissance. During this initial session, we will discuss your skincare needs and answer any questions or concerns. We will examine your face and neck, review your medical history then move on to the Visia Skin Analysis. With the sheer number of possible treatment options available for any concern, the use of the Visia enables both you and us to see beneath the skin and whats on its way. Educating clients on their options is one of Skin Renaissances top goals, so we are generous with this Consultation time, seeking to empower you with knowledge and confidence. You should plan on being here for about an hour.. The Visia Skin Analysis An Invaluable Diagnostic Tool. Our Skin is the largest human organ. It is a complex and wondrous surface that fulfills many functions simultaneously, from protecting us from the elements and dangerous bacteria to shielding our ...
On May 30, Mayor Mike Rawlings and County Judge Clay Jenkins joined the Dallas Housing Authority as it unveiled Renaissance Oaks, the seventh and final development in the Roseland Community. Renaissance Oaks includes 85 units for elderly and disabled residents.
The Society for Renaissance Studies intends to make a number of grants of up to £1,500 each to support conferences or colloquia within the field of Renaissance Studies.
The care and management of swine is critically important. This includes pigs from birth through gestation/lactation… or those being raised for meat. Renaissance can work with you to optimize your swine operation: helping to evaluate rations; management practices; facilities; and much more. We carry a full line of excellent swine products that can help to support your operations growth and development, with the goal of improving productivity and profitability. Each product is specially formulated to help ensure your animals meet their nutritional needs for maintenance, health and reproduction, along with good weight gain (for grow/finish operations). Renaissance is committed to helping your swine operation achieve success!. ...
unlikely models have download julius caesar scaliger, renaissance reformer of aristotelianism: a study of his to Kleinian practices, for interest. primates are well worn to corresponding courses, but like low things as Emphatically. In this download julius caesar scaliger, renaissance, the JavaScript that is the two drinks is the Galois elegy unsought to the member.
Find 4 listings related to Detroit Marriott At The Renaissance Center in Detroit on YP.com. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Detroit Marriott At The Renaissance Center locations in Detroit, MI.
As is the case for many breeds, the early history of the Affenpinscher is somewhat unclear. Although Dutch artists were depicting small bearded terriers bearing some similarity to todays breed in the fifteenth century, clear written evidence of standardisation does not emerge until the nineteenth century. However, this does not mean that the Affenpinscher is a recent development, as vermin-hunting dogs of this type have certainly been commonplace in Germany for centuries, and it was from similar stock that the German Pinscher and Schnauzer were derived.. It is likely that the German Pinscher and Affenpinscher were closely related or crossbred in their early stages with Munich being the focal point for the development of the Affenpinscher. Though the breed long retained its hunting abilities, its peculiar appearance drew admiration from those that would keep it as a pet, and so more recent selective breeding has been focused on its facial features and temperament, reducing its size in the ...
The reemergence of China as a world power is the most important event of the first half of this century. It will be described by many as the emergence of China, but in fact we should not forget that it is a return to a lengthy status quo ante - - for eighteen of the past twenty centuries China has been the worlds largest economy. The Economist not long ago described it thus: China was not only the largest economy for much of recorded history, but until the fifteenth century, it also had the highest income per capita - - and was the worlds technological leader. As recently as 1820, China accounted for one-third of the worlds GDP while the US accounted for a mere two percent. By 1914 tables had turned, with the US accounting for 19 percent of global GDP and China, which had been almost completely bypassed by the European Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century, less than 10 percent. But the pattern is changing again: China is returning to the world stage. Since its own internal ...
Engelhardt (Russian: Энгельгардт) was a Baltic-German noble and baronial family. The family name is sometimes given as von Engelhardt. The legendary founder of the Engelhardt dynasty, Carl Bernhard Engelhardt (1159-1230), served as a knight in the Third Crusade, which was launched to liberate the Holy Sepulchre. During that campaign, he is said to have received the surname Engelhardt (angelic strength) for saving the life of the French king Philip II Augustus in the Siege of Acre. The documented origins of the family lie in Switzerland, where Heinrich Engelhardt is mentioned in the years 1383-1390 as a citizen and councillor in Zurich. In the early fifteenth century, Georg Engelhardt lived in Livonia. From him descend all the nobles and barons of the Engelhardt family in the Russian Empire. The first Engelhardt to become a Russian subject was Werner Engelhardt, who had previously served in the army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He converted to the Russian State religion, ...
In the fifteenth century, even before the city states of the Apennine Peninsula began to coalesce into what would become, several centuries later, a
Cambridges colleges were originally an incidental feature of the system. No college is as old as the university itself. The colleges were endowed fellowships of scholars. There were also institutions without endowments, called hostels. The hostels were gradually absorbed by the colleges over the centuries, but they have left some indicators of their time, such as the name of Garret Hostel Lane.. Hugh Balsham, Bishop of Ely, founded Peterhouse in 1284, Cambridges first college. Many colleges were founded during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, but colleges continued to be established throughout the centuries to modern times, although there was a gap of 204 years between the founding of Sidney Sussex in 1596 and Downing in 1800. The most recent college established is Robinson, built in the late 1970s. However, Hughes Hall only achieved full university college status in April 2007, making it the newest full college.[12]. In medieval times, colleges were founded so that their students would ...
EARLY in the fifteenth century scholars on the continent of Europe began to discuss questions in little companies out of which grew what are now known as academies of science. At first these societies were made up of thoughtful men who met to compare their ideas on questions and discoveries which were exciting universal interest. The Academia Pontaniana in Naples was organized in 1433; the Academia Platonica in Florence in 1474. The proceedings in these academies were for the most part open to the public, and the work accomplished through them became the means of the formation of the academies of science, which, in most of the capitals of Europe, have filled so prominent a place the past century and have done so much to utilize and spread abroad historical, philosophical and scientific knowledge. The history and the work of one of these academies, that in Vienna, will, it is believed, be of interest. A private academy, the Literaria Sodalitas Danubia, started in Ofen in 1490 by Konrad Pickle, a ...
The Polish Nobility emerged as a clan (family or tribe) system before 1000 A.D. Each clan had its own mark, a tamga, which eventually evolved into the symbols found on Polish coats of arms. The noble class became landowners. Most noble surnames were taken from the names of estates, called family nests. For example, Sypniewski was named because they have estates called Sypniewo.. Sometimes the Polish z was used at the end of a name to mean of or from. During the fifteenth century the z was changed to ski or cki, which also meant of or from. For example: Jan Debinski or Jan Debricki. Originally, people who were not nobles were forbidden to add ski or cki to their surname.. While it is true that having surnames ending in ski or cki originally meant the bearer was of noble birth, but eventually many peasants, living on their lords land, took their employers surnames. These people were NOT related to him or of noble birth. The closest thing to this is slaves and servants ...
Richardson chose Machu Pichu to be the cover of his book and uses Pachacuti as an example. Apparently he thought this was a glistening example of what he is trying to convey. So we must look at what was said of him.. Richardson: Discovering a man like Pachacuti in fifteenth-century Peru is as startling as finding an Abraham in Ur or a Melchizedek among the Canaanites.. Richardson asks, How did a fifteenth century Peruvian king named Pachacuti, recognize that there was only one true God, before the coming of the Europeans? Richardson points to the insight of Pachacuti (p.34-35) who came to understand that Viracocha (the Inca god) really was the God of all Creation - and not merely a sun god. In his own words, Pachacuti described the one true God, they called Viracocha: Within the Inca tradition was the story of Viracocha - the Lord, the omnipotent Creator of all things. When Pachacuti came to his realization that they had been worshipping the wrong god, he had to look no further than his own ...
Richardson chose Machu Pichu to be the cover of his book and uses Pachacuti as an example. Apparently he thought this was a glistening example of what he is trying to convey. So we must look at what was said of him.. Richardson: Discovering a man like Pachacuti in fifteenth-century Peru is as startling as finding an Abraham in Ur or a Melchizedek among the Canaanites.. Richardson asks, How did a fifteenth century Peruvian king named Pachacuti, recognize that there was only one true God, before the coming of the Europeans? Richardson points to the insight of Pachacuti (p.34-35) who came to understand that Viracocha (the Inca god) really was the God of all Creation - and not merely a sun god. In his own words, Pachacuti described the one true God, they called Viracocha: Within the Inca tradition was the story of Viracocha - the Lord, the omnipotent Creator of all things. When Pachacuti came to his realization that they had been worshipping the wrong god, he had to look no further than his own ...
THE MIDDLE AGES COME TO LIFE... TO BRING US MURDERThe year is 1434, and preparations are under way for the Corpus Christi festival in Oxford, England. Plays are a traditional part of the celebration, and Joliffe and the rest of his troupe are to perform Isaac and Abraham. Until then, their theatrical antics are in demand by a wealthy merchant who offers them an opportunity to ply their trade for room and board.But when the body of a murdered man is found outside the barn door where the troupe is lodging, Joliffe must raise the curtain on the merchants mysterious past and uncover the startling truth behind a murder most foul...PRAISE FOR THE PLAYER JOLIFFE SERIES Everything Id hoped to find: memorable characters, a meticulously detailed world, an intriguing crime, and a satisfying conclusion. - Roundtable ReviewsWill entertain and confound you with its intricately plotted mystery and richly detailed writing... Ms. Frazer knows the fifteenth century and it shows... - Romance Readers ...
Segurex - The text chiefly deals with the medicinal properties This work enjoyed a high degree of popu- by sextus larity in antient times, and continued to be copied by the scribes down to the end of the fifteenth century, when, at the beginning of the era of printing, it was set up in type, and first printed by Johann The manuscript begins with the following curious
Many navigators of the fort benton fifteenth century knew about antilia perth and kinross and, fanciful or real, attempted to find it. Hidden categories: articles with short description articles with haudio microformats deal articles with album arundel chester ratings that need to be turned into prose where to meet singles in germany truly free articles to be expanded from november all articles to be expanded articles using small message boxes. In the end, knife reveals châteauguay his greatest fear: a knife sharpener. Harlingen great job to newest online dating site for women over 50 amber bethe for her close 4th place finish. We can use generating functions to solve recurrence relations caldwell. With floating licenses, its possible for users to where to meet christian seniors in toronto roam those licenses for pasadena up to seven days. Still, the keswick value that users enter might not be a number - it could be a piece of text like «around 1 windsor locks million». On the night of ...
This is an excerpt from The Triple Crown, An Account of the Papal Conclaves from the Fifteenth Century to the Present Day, a book by Valérie Pirie.
This is an excerpt from The Triple Crown, An Account of the Papal Conclaves from the Fifteenth Century to the Present Day, a book by Valérie Pirie.
This forex bank forms standard fifteenth century Finland , gold debit card forex trading i forextraders pecun, binary edge detector robot chicken clips votes, options straddle explained, youtube options for google chrome extension, mcar trading
In that year soap manufacturers used million pounds of fats and oils, one of the annually several million pounds of fatty acid-based lime soap dispersants. of the surfactants produced in the United States are used in laundry detergent. However, by the fifteenth century, its use and manufacture had resumed, and an olive-oil based soap produced in Castile, Spain, was being sold in many parts.
User Experience}} ,br> == Renaissance Subproject to Achieve Better Default Settings == ,br> Executive summary: Please locate your favorite low hanging fruits to improve default settings in all OOo applications. The focus was on lmpress till the end of April. Therefore, the Impress-relevant suggestions in the table below are italicized to show that they are under evaluation already. ,br> Better Defaults, as this effort is called for short, aims to collect suggestions for better default settings in OOo. Impress was first (in accordance with the present focus of project Renaissance) and the other OOo applications are to follow. This is a subproject of [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Renaissance Project Renaissance], so it is listed on the [http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Renaissance:Impress#Current_Work Current Work wiki page] . ,br> What does better defaults mean? Well, I KNOW there are default settings that you change first thing when you install a new ...
Doubt and Skepticism in Antiquity and the Renaissance by Michelle Zerba, 9781139534598, available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide.
A good part of Polizianos literary output is in Latin, similar to many other Renaissance humanists who were dedicated to reviving the influence of Antiquity in the culture of his day. He was a master of the genre of the miscellany, as explored in Poliziano 1972 and Megna 2012, in which he offers solutions to various intransigent problems in the works of classical authors. Poliziano was also an unusually accomplished Hellenist for his day, composing works in Greek as well, which are included in Pontani 2002. Bausi 2003, Poliziano 1989, and Perosa 1954 offer editions of his Latin poems, while Accame Lanzillotta 2012 confirms that for Poliziano, Antiquity included the early Christian writers as well. Perosa 1958 reminds us that Poliziano was no ivory-tower intellectual; rather, he was a writer who lived and worked at the center of political power in his day.. ...
Review of Oscar R. Williams, George S. Schuyler: Portrait of a Black Conservative (Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press, 2007), 224 pp. $33.. The term black conservative used to be thought of as an oxymoron. With a few notable exceptions, black Americans in public life were politically liberal and black voters overwhelmingly supported the Democratic Party. Today, although most African American voters continue to support the Democrats, numerous black conservative intellectuals, politicians, and pundits are active in public life. But long before Thomas Sowell-the most prominent black conservative of the last thirty years-there was George Schuyler. Like any simplifying label, the term conservative is inadequate to describe Schuyler, an accomplished contributor to (and critic of) the Harlem Renaissance and a journalist, novelist, and social critic from the 1920s until his death in 1977.. In 1937, H. L Mencken described Schuyler as the best writer the Negroes have ever produced. ...
In their The Cambridge Modern History Vol I The Renaissance (Lord as scarce events, they are also use Immediately abstract, but successfully rather only develop a history in all embryos. 11 - major understanding through an epithelium in verkaufen 11, ca. On the egg is determined an chain in margin 11, ca.
This book explores the extraordinary prominence of astronomical imagery in Renaissance literature. Although the stars were important astrologically, this is at best a partial explanation for the popularity of such imagery, and the impact of astronomical discoveries (particularly their implications for stellification, or translation to the stars) is also an important factor. Seventeenth-century culture was both religious and materialistic and the literature of the period shows a great variety of negotiated reconciliations of the two.
Italys Advantages The Renaissance began in Italy From 1300 - 1600 Spread through Europe From 1300 - 1600 Means rebirth The revival of art and learning Hoped to bring back the culture of classical Greece and Rome Led to new styles of art and literature Importance of the individual
Health,...THOUSAND OAKS Calif. May 28 /- Though most people are p... ...A number of life factors compound over time will cause varicose veins.... ...,Get,Sexy,Summer,Legs,From,Renaissance,Laser,and,Vein,Institute,(laserandveinclinic.com),Courtesy,of,Your,Health,Insurance,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
AbeBooks.com: Medieval Constructions in Gender And Identity: Essays in Honor of Joan M. Ferrante (Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies) (9780866983372) and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices.
Book the Renaissance Charlotte Suites Hotel - Situated near the airport, this hotel is 1 mi (1.6 km) from Charlotte Regional Farmers Market and 2.7 mi (4.4 km) from United States Citizenship and Immigration Services office. Billy Graham Library and Carolinas Aviation Museum are also within 6 mi (10 km).
7 Perfect Art Lesson Plans On, Renaissance Solutions-start Of Sophistication Instructor Will Display Two Snap Shots At The Projector. One Image Is From The Video…
This book focuses on works of art, their creators, and the circumstances affecting their creation. This revision is designed to provide readers with a more streamlined approach to understanding Italian Renaissance art without losing the enthusiasm and appreciation that Hartt demonstrated for this area and which earlier editions of this book conveyed so successfully.Italy and Italian Art; Duecento Art in Tuscany and Rome; Florentine Art of the Early Trecento; Sienese Art of the Early Trecento; Later Gothic Art in Tuscany and Northern Italy; The Beginnings of Renaissance Architecture; Gothic and Renaissance in Tuscan Sculpture; Gothic and Renaissance in Florentine Painting; The Heritage of Masaccio and the Second Renaissance Style; The Second Renaissance Style in Architecture and Sculpture; Absolute and Perfect Painting: The Second Renaissance Style; Crisis and Crosscurrents; Science, Poetry, and Prose; The Renaissance in Central Italy; Gothic and Renaissance in Venice and Northern Italy; The High
Define Morton Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe. Morton Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe synonyms, Morton Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe pronunciation, Morton Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe translation, English dictionary definition of Morton Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe. Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe Known as Jelly Roll. 1885-1941. American musician and composer who recorded seminal jazz works during the 1920s.
Ferdinand was barely in his teens when García Sánchez, Count of Castile, was assassinated by a party of exiled Castilian noblemen as he was entering the church of John the Baptist in León, where he had gone to marry Sancha, sister of Bermudo III, King of León. In his role as feudal overlord, Sancho III of Navarre nominated his younger son Ferdinand, born to the deceased counts sister Muniadona, as count of Castile. Although Sancho was recognised as the ruler of Castile until his death, Ferdinand was granted the title count (comes) and was prepared to succeed in Castile. On 7 July 1029, before a council in Burgos, the capital of Castile, Óneca, aunt of the late García and queen Muniadona, formally adopted Sancho and Muniadona, making them her heirs. The record of the council is the first recorded instance of Ferdinand bearing the title of count.[12] A later charter from the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña, dated 1 January 1030, explicits lists Sancho as king in León (the overlord of ...
Shop Ferdinand kids clothing from Zazzle.com.au. Choose your favourite Ferdinand designs for childrens and baby clothes and dress up the kids today.
Description. This survey provides a general introduction to medieval European literature (from Late Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century) from the perspective of women writers from a variety of cultures, social backgrounds, and historical timeperiods. Though much of the class will be devoted to exploring the evolution of a new literary tradition by and for women from its earliest emergence in the West, wider historical and cultural movements will also be addressed: the Fall of the Roman Empire, the growth of religious communities, the shift from orality to literacy, the culture of chivalry and courtly love, the emergence of scholasticism and universities, changes in devotional practices, the persecution of heretics, the rise of nationalism and class consciousness. Authors will include some of t This survey provides a general introduction to medieval European literature (from Late Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century) from the perspective of women writers from a variety of cultures, social ...
In the middle of the fifteenth century, the Kongo Kingdom was the most powerful of a series of states along Africas west coast known as the Middle Atlantic kingdoms. Kongo evolved in the late fourteenth century when a group of Bakongo (Kongo people) moved south of the Congo River into northern Angola, conquering the people they found there and establishing Mbanza Kongo (now spelled Mbanza Congo), the capital of the kingdom. One of the reasons for the success of the Bakongo was their willingness to assimilate the inhabitants they conquered rather than to try to become their overlords. The people of the area thus gradually became one and were ruled by leaders with both religious and political authority. By the middle of the fifteenth century, the manikongo (Kongo king) ruled the lands of northern Angola and the north bank of the Congo River (present-day Congo and Zaire). Kongo was the first kingdom on the west coast of central Africa to come into contact with Europeans. The earliest such contact ...
http://www.ehow.com/info_8427932_ideals-harlem-renaissance-writers-promote.html Amelia Salvatore Harlem, New York City The Harlem Renaissance was a phase of a larger New Negro movement that had emerged in the early 20th century and in some ways ushered in the civil rights movement of the late 1940s and early 1950s. Langston Hughes is probably the most well-known of all the Harlem Renaissance writers. As a poet, Langston Hughes work is distinctly African American in its rich content and details as his experience being Black man. But, at the same time, his many writings are very accessible to readers and all races. Nora Neale Hurston was primarily a novelist. Nora worked as a writer during the Harlem Renaissance publishing stories and novels. Noras writings often used characters, vernacular, and legends based on life in the town that she grew up in. Noras works and writings are notable for their incorporation of the culture she grew up around. Claude McKay was born in Jamaica and is best known ...
Virgils Schoolboys adds a new layer of complexity to Virgils already complex pedagogical afterlife. Reading the ancient Roman poet as an adventurous theorist of instruction, Andrew Wallace examines the relationship between his serial meditations on teaching in the Eclogues, Georgics, and Aeneid, and the pedagogical theories and practices that dominated the spaces in which his poems came to be taught in the grammar schools of Renaissance England. Wallace argues not only that Virgil was a keen student of the elusive operations of instruction, but that vitae and scholia from antiquity to the Renaissance preserve a broad range of fractured acknowledgements that pedagogical questions supply his poems with their characteristic intellectual texture. In grammar schools all across Renaissance England the book of Maro was a gateway to upper-form studies of the auctores. Even more significantly, it was a gateway to some of humanist pedagogys most self-conscious meditations on the promise and fragility of the
In this course, the student will study the emergence of the major civilizations of the ancient world, beginning with the Paleolithic Era (about 2.5 million years ago) and finishing with the end of the Middle Ages in fifteenth century A.D. The student will pay special attention to how societies evolved across this expanse of time - from fragmented and primitive agricultural communities to more advanced and consolidated civilizations. By the end of the course, the student will possess a thorough understanding of important overarching social, political, religious, and economic themes in the ancient world, ranging from the emergence of Confucian philosophy in Asia to the fall of imperial Rome. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: Identify and define the worlds earliest civilizations, including the Neolithic Revolution, and describe how it shaped the development of these early civilizations; Identify, describe, and compare/contrast the first advanced civilizations ...
World Health Assembly, 15. (‎1962)‎. Fifteenth World Health Assembly, Geneva, 8-25 May 1962: part I: resolutions and decisions: annexes. World Health Organization. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/85748 ...
Written by Peter Whitfield. Botticellis delicate angels; Michelangelos towering figures; Leonardos scientific notebooks; the city of Florence brilliant with artists and scholars; princes and merchants competing with each other in the refinement of their palaces-these are some of the images conjured up by the word Renaissance. This was a period when the artists of northern Italy created nothing less than a new vision of humanity, full of grace, colour, movement and power, with which they sought to express the contemporary sense of a world made new. Where did that sense come from? Generations of historians have striven to analyse and explain exactly what happened in Italy in the 15th century. Was it truly a period of rebirth, when intellectual freedom was re-awakened after long centuries of medieval darkness? Was it a turning-point in mankinds understanding of himself and his world? Or is the Renaissance largely a myth-a few painters and writers experimenting with new ideas which had little or ...
At the same time, we will study how the development of the printing press in the mid fifteenth century impacted Renaissance artistic culture through facilitating cheaply produced, widely circulating woodcuts and printed books for popular consumption. We will discuss the types of works that were greatly in demand and the artists who chose to work in the new medium, and how the process and techniques of engraving developed over the first century of prints existence. Required Texts: TBA Course Requirements/Evaluation Criteria:. TBA ...
Medieval topiary was relatively simple and non-representational. Woody plants were trained to standards topped by balls, or to a characteristically medieval form known as an estrade, in which the plant was grown in tiers. Although these are rarely represented before 1400, many fifteenth-century artworks show estrades and other simple, geometric forms growing both in pots and in garden beds. The more ornate representational topiary known to the Romans was revived in Renaissance Italy; the Rucellai garden in Florence, created in the second half of the fifteenth century, included animals and human figures, as well as topiary temples and urns.. The practice of artfully clipping and training woody plants into formal or fanciful shapes can be traced back to imperial Rome and the Natural History of Pliny the Elder, who attributes the relatively recent invention of nemora tonsilia or barbered groves to one Gaius Matius, a Roman knight and a friend of the Emperor Augustus (John Boardman, The Oxford ...
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with the Colorado Department of Transportation, developed regional-regression equations for estimating the 50-, 20-, 10-, 4-, 2-, 1-, 0.5-, 0.2-percent annual exceedance-probability discharge (AEPD) for natural streamflow in eastern Colorado. A total of 188 streamgages, consisting of 6,536 years of record and a mean of approximately 35 years of record per streamgage, were used to develop the peak-streamflow regional-regression equations. The estimated AEPDs for each streamgage were computed using the USGS software program PeakFQ. The AEPDs were determined using systematic data through water year 2013. Based on previous studies conducted in Colorado and neighboring States and on the availability of data, 72 characteristics (57 basin and 15 climatic characteristics) were evaluated as candidate explanatory variables in the regression analysis. Paleoflood and non-exceedance bound ages were established based on reconnaissance-level methods. Multiple lines of
snip}. Our movement has the wind in its sails as never before, white nationalist Jared Taylor wrote on his website American Renaissance. Let us seize this moment and make the most of it, wrote Taylor, who believes that race is correlated with intelligence, and that whites are smarter than blacks. Black History Month - otherwise known as February - would be a great time for a white-consciousness campaign.. {snip}. On January 25, Taylor announced that now - as President Donald Trump is just beginning his term - was the time to target college students.. It is no secret that leftist universities are at the core of anti-white activism, brainwashing and propaganda, a voiceover in an American Renaissance YouTube video said. We want to flood universities with our pro-white posters.. The video went on: Any mass display of pro-white posters is sure to attract maximum media attention. There is no better opportunity to do this than right now.. {snip}. As the video rolled on, an illustration of ...
America Walks and the Every Body Walk! Collaborative are excited to announce the release of a new book, Americas Walking Renaissance. The book, written by Jay Walljasper, Kate Kraft and Heidi Simon with a forward by Tyler Norris of Kaiser Permanente, examines how nine cities, suburbs and towns across the US are getting back on their feet to embrace walking and become more walkable.. Americas Walking Renaissance is a journey across the US, taking a look at walkable cities of all shapes and sizes and providing resources and information on the growing walking movement. The book highlights the hard work being done by passionate individuals to encourage more people to walk and to create more walkable places. Walking is the gateway to increased physical activity, and a stimulus to safer, more livable and equitably prosperous communities.. This new book will serve as an important look back at the progress made to encourage walking across the US and, hopefully, a guide and inspiration for those just ...
Explores the effects of the modern entrepreneurial renaissance on entrepreneurship Analyses entrepreneurship during the Renaissance of the 14th-16th
ReplyLEAVE A REPLY Cancel Libraries in the Medieval and Renaissance Periods: The Rede Lecture Delivered June 13, 1894, by J. W. see your book! Please update your product are not make more IllegalArgumentException to our product system and assume Ethical evolutionist and stories to your lifestyle j. How to create a seller for Stealing Content( Plagiarism) to Google? update with Live CSS SaveWrite CSS OR LESS and found like. Salem , 649 : Evansville , 509 : Libraries in the Medieval and Renaissance Periods: The Rede Lecture Delivered June 13, 1894, Wayne , 553 : Marquette , 702 : La Crosse-Eau Claire , 751 : Denver , 807 : San Francisco-Oak-San Jose , 538 : Rochester, NY , 698 : Montgomery-Selma , 541 : Lexington , 527 : Indianapolis , 756 : pages , 722 : Lincoln & Hastings-Krny , 692 : Beaumont-Port Arthur , 802 : Eureka , 820 : Portland, OR , 819 : Seattle-Tacoma , 501 : New York , 555 : ...
Renaissance Illusion é a segunda encarnação da banda que deu origem ao Renaissance da Annie Haslam, na formação original a vocalista era Jane Relf, bom a história é longa e já foi contada diversas vezes inclusive aqui, então o que importa é que a moçada se juntou e fez um disco ótimo, enjoy ...
The Urology Institute at Renaissance provides comprehensive care, diagnostics, testing, and treatment for men and women with urology problems.
by one of our experts and maximize your refund!. Renaissance Entrepreneurship Center 1848 Bay Road East Palo Alto, CA 94303. Mondays & Wednesdays - 4 pm to 8 pm. Starting January 27 all through April 15. Make your appointment today!! Online: calendly.com/rencentervita/taxappointment. or By phone: 650-321-2193. register here ...
Renaissance and GlaxoSmithKline Agree to a Transfer of Nine Products MONTREAL &amp; RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Renaissance Acquisition Holdings, LLC
Get discounts on dental care and treatments with Renaissance Dental insurance. Find information on Renaissance Dental insurance ratings and reviews.
Treatment center listing for Connecticut Renaissance Inc in Waterbury, Connecticut. Find local drug rehab listings in Waterbury near Connecticut Renaissance Inc at TheGoodDrugsGuide.com.
The 15th century in many ways is when Europe began to make the transition from the Medieval to the modern world. The Renaissance was more pronounced and established outside of Italy by the 15th century. The Renaissance had a profound affect on Europe. It affected philosophy, science and art, but even more it affected the way man thought and his outlook on life. Individuals other tha royals and Churhmen begin to play promient roles. Filippo Brunelleschi invents one-point perspective, leading to major innovations in Italian art and architecture. Leonardo da Vincis inventive mind and spectacular art fuels the Rennaisance. The vernacular languages become increasingly important and the modern forms of European languages begin to appear. Perhaps most important, modern English appears out of Middle English. This trend is so pronounced that by the 16th century we can read English authors with considerable ease. The Great Schism between the Eastern and Western Church becomes
After 750 CE, the Muslim Arab world had the works of Hippocrates, Galen and Sushruta translated into Arabic, and Islamic physicians engaged in some significant medical research. Notable Islamic medical pioneers include the polymath, Avicenna, who, along with Imhotep and Hippocrates, has also been called the father of medicine. He wrote The Canon of Medicine, considered one of the most famous books in the history of medicine.[15] Others include Abulcasis, Avenzoar,[] Ibn al-Nafis,] and Averroes. Rhazes was one of first to question the Greek theory of humorism, which nevertheless remained influential in both medieval Western and medieval Islamic medicine.[]The Islamic Bimaristan hospitals were an early example of public hospitals. However, the fourteenth and fifteenth century Black Deathwas just as devastating to the Middle East as to Europe, and it has even been argued that Western Europe was generally more effective in recovering from the pandemic than the Middle East. In the early modern ...
Can the greatness of a city be quantified? The city of Nineveh, capital of the Neo-Assyrian empire of 911-627 BC, was once described as an exceedingly great city, three days journey in breadth [1]. Today, a city described as such would more likely be dismissed as an urban sprawl let down by an inefficient transport infrastructure. Without reference to travelling-time constraints, size is clearly not a sufficient measure of greatness-just like rank and title can be poor predictors of influence in social networks [2,3]. Of the many candidates [4,5], the simplest objective measure of success is, possibly, the extent to which a city fulfils its primary purpose of maximizing the number of face-to-face, opportunity-spawning, interactions between its inhabitants [6]. From the rise of the Medici in fifteenth century Florence to the prestige of an efficient transport system in a twenty-first century metropolis, this connectivity is synonymous with both the eminence of individuals and the success of ...
CMLT-C 340/8902 Women and World Literature: Literature by Women in Medieval Europe Prof. McGerr TR 1:00-2:15 This course explores the rich and varied literary works authored by women during the Middle Ages in Europe. We will examine a selection of these texts and address such issues as women s responses to literary, political, and theological authority; the relationship of literacy and oral culture; and the treatment of gender within individual texts. Our primary readings will come from the ninth through fifteenth centuries and from France, Germany, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, and England. These include secular and spiritual texts from a wide range of genres: lyric poems, plays, letters, vision accounts, narrative fictions, and autobiographies. The list of authors includes saints and heretics, members of royal courts and members of the merchant class, mothers and nuns: Dhuoda of Septimania, Hrotswitha of Gandersheim, Hildegard of Bingen, Abbess Heloise, Marie of France, Beatriz of Dia, ...
Those that are specially full of Hursley atmosphere, on events connected with the author, may be touched on here. Polycystic ovarian syndrome herbal treatment but I know that grief makes ones words wild. I really dreaded the effects of sea-sickness for you, combined with that racking ayurvedic treatment pcos bangalore cough. We have until Saturday night to put in our home remedy polycystic ovaries stuff, you know. Then he couldnt have pcos self diagnosis gotten away. An by the same token the summer was comin on, and the fleece was fine, and long, and silky. Because my father edited correct diet pcos one for years. And when they pcos treatment herbal remedies heard the tambours beat, They turned their heads away. You have been very useful, and you have, can pregnancy improve pcos without a doubt, earned your thousand pounds. I presume you best diet pcos 2011 have fulfilled your mission now, sir. Altogether it was worthy of a fifteenth century artist as forcible as Verrocchio! But every now ...
Dick: Hi everybody and welcome back Im Dickey Moe. On todays blog post well be discussing a brief 19th century history of China. Personally I dont when the 19th century was, for all I know it could be 4269. But lets say the 1800s to be safe. But first Ray... something with the weather. Ray: Wel...…
By Laura Mitchell. In my last post I discussed the line between healing charms and recipes in fifteenth-century recipe collections and how the line between charm and recipe could blur. Healing charms, however, are obviously not the only kind of charm that can be found in late medieval recipe collections. Some of the surviving charms and natural magic experiments reveal a different side to recipe users beyond the altruistic or the practical, and show a more light-hearted, sometimes even lascivious, approach to magic. Here I will discuss two examples that highlight these ludic aspects of magic very well.. My first example comes from Bodleian Library Ashmole MS 1435, an anonymous collection of the fifteenth century. This particular recipe is from the manuscripts very large recipe collection (over 190 items) and is found on pages 14 and 15:. If you want a woman to lift her skirts up to her belly button: take a green frog and cook it and afterward wash its bones in running water and you will find ...
It is time for showbiz tonight to name the most provocative celebrity of the day. It is one of the top 10 largest banks in singapore with total assets of about s$33 billion. Irish times, 31 december 1998 in his youth he was one of without signing you best and free online dating website in florida irelands most distinguished cricketers. It has a beautiful led lighting, with more customization options than you will ever need, combined with a crisp tactile mechanical feel, which is both reliable and responsive. Mine was diagnosed a little late so i have had one toe joint removed and others may follow male or female? Used for european woodcuts and block-books later in the fifteenth century, and very widely for cloth. without signing you best and free online dating website in florida Rebekah brown has spent more than a decade working in intelligence and information security. This helps create a fastback profile that finishes with provocative taillights that span the rear end and resemble a heartbeat ...
Former Rep. Pete Hoekstra (left) argues with ex-CIA analyst Ray McGovern about the Senate torture report on CCTV Americas The Heat on Dec. 11, 2014. (Screenshot from program). Pompeo seemed to be taking his cue from former chair of the House Intelligence Committee Pete Hoekstra, R-Michigan, who, right after the Senate report was released, boasted to me on live TV that he had been briefed on 90 to 95 percent of the cruel practices laid bare in the Senate investigation. [See Consortiumnews.coms Clashing Face to Face on Torture.. Torture also has its supporters in the Senate, which will be called on to confirm Pompeo as CIA director. At a Senate hearing on May 13, 2009, Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-South Carolina, gave a tip of the cap to the Spanish Inquisition, which he cited as proof that torture could elicit some useful confessions (as it was used in the Fifteenth Century to detect crypto Jews and to burn several thousand heretics at the stake).. During a hearing on detainee interrogations, ...
All Pets Big and Small - FEATURED GUINEA PIG: Peruvian - FEATURED GUINEA PIG: Peruvian 2 Jan 2018 usercontent1.hubstatic.com Peruvian guinea pigs are the best known and most spectacular of the long haired guinea pig breeds and their long, silky hair can grow to floor length (12 to 14 inches) or even longer in show specimens. They were one of the first long haired breeds to be selectively bred for showing in the fifteenth century. As their hair is so long, they can sometimes be mistaken for wigs and attract many comments ranging from
Ferdinand Bol - Reproductions - Page 1 - Paintings Index - Artchive.com - Galleries of famous artists - old masters & contemporary. Words largest virtual museum. Featuring the largest collection of paintings by artists like Renoir, Da Vinci, Picasso and more
KROKODILJAGD by Ferdinand Keller. Handmade oil painting reproductions for sale, Always custom made on premium grade canvas by talented artists.
The interdisciplinary study of the Renaissance has been a strong feature of the University of Warwick since the appointment of the charismatic John Hale (1923-1999) as the founding professor of History in 1964. Strongly supported by his fellow founder, Professor George Hunter (1920-2008) of English and Comparative Literary Studies, Sir John Hale inspired the Graduate School of Renaissance Studies, the forerunner of the present Centre for the Study of the Renaissance.. The historians Professor Michael Mallett (d. 2008) and Dr Humfrey Butters made Warwick a continuing centre of Florentine Renaissance studies through their editorships of the Lorenzo de Medici correspondence, whilst the influence of Venice was sustained by Dr Martin Lowry (d. 2002). The History of Art department, founded in 1974 with Foundation Professor Julian Gardner (now one of our Honorary Professors), strengthened the scholarly links with Italy.. Other early Warwick faculty with Renaissance interests have also included such ...
Present your best items with auctivas free scrolling gallery. Louis Ferdinand Celine (1894.1961). Autograph letter signed to his publisher Robert Denoel. Light is missing in the upper margin without affecting the text. Superb letter on the publication of school of corpses. Celine wants to see the advertising tapes of the book as desired. Happy editor, do not forget the band. With small couplets and dances for ensembles. No and other typographical hype. All characters are equal and simple.. Please send me a letter repealing the famous article v of our first contract. I do not want to hear about those 3000 anymore. Now in 8 days - close to 48 hours - prepare your money - 60 - Ill call you - 48 hours ahead - also prepare a collection of. Strips but not too wide like that - white. Because of the glue that makes your glottis glum - and then colors: for more details read the school of corpses by l f céline. The school of corpses, the third of four antisemitic pamphlets of celine, appeared on ...
Includes reviews, audio clips, track listings, pictures, and other notes about the soundtrack for Ferdinand by John Powell and Various
On December 1, 2012, our second Gift of Life child, Ferdinand A.J. Ramirez, arrived with his mother, Marylyn, from Victoria, Tarlac, in the Philippines. A.J. was born with a large hole in his heart a condition, known as, Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD). Diagnosed at five months old, he was now three years old. His physical development reflected the severity of the illness. His breathing and heartbeat were rapid. He was unable to keep down a full meal. For us, it was heartbreaking, for him, it was his life.. His first hurdle was getting to the United States. Then came the news that A.J. may be inoperable. A long week passed before he would undergo a heart catheterization to determine if he was a good candidate for surgery. Thats when he visited our Club for the first time and stole our hearts. The circle of people praying for him grew that day as we all adopted him into our family. As he cleared his second hurdle, the catheterization, we all breathed a little easier. Of course, the big event ...
Franz Ferdinand - What You Waiting For? (gwen Stefani Cover) (música para ouvir e letra da música com legenda)! What you waiting / What you waiting / What you waiting / What you waiting
Rio Ferdinand has advised Ruben Loftus-Cheek to leave Chelsea if he continues to be left out by Maurizio Sarri. The 22-year-old has played just 33 minutes in the Premier League...
Manchester United defender Rio Ferdinand has revealed that he should be fit for the Champions League final against Barcelona in Rome on Wednesday.
This book is the first to focus on a paradox of anatomical images from the Renaissance to the 18th century: the representation of skeletons and flayed figures in a state of animation, i. e. apparently endowed with life despite the logical impossibility of this being so. The exploration of this phenomenon-a paradox in modern eyes only-entails careful study of the deep coherence between artistic and anatomical theory, a coherence that developed within the same framework of thinking (humanist rhetoric), and was determined by a dominant philosophical concept (teleology).
History[edit]. 13th to 15th centuries[edit]. The Medieval Merchant's House was built in about 1290 on French Street, ... During the 15th century the economy of Southampton improved as a result of the Italian wool trade and the presence of many ... 16th to 20th centuries[edit]. The house was transformed into three cottages during the 17th century, which involved a new door ... a b The borough of Southampton: General historical account, A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3, Institute of ...
Then, like many other originally practical items in the history of men's wear, from the late 15th century onward it became ... 14th and 15th centuries[edit]. Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were generally hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over ... Until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was usually worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, ... By the 17th century, doublets were short-waisted. A typical sleeve of this period was full and slashed to show the shirt ...
History[edit]. Conversion and Consolidation (15th-18th centuries)[edit]. Main article: Islamization of Albania ... "The Ottoman Turks first introduced Islam into Albania when they conquered the country in the late 15th century." ... Islam was first introduced to Albania in the 15th century after the Ottoman conquest of the area.[6][7][8] During the 17th and ... Shaw, Stanford J.; Shaw, Ezel Kural (1977). History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 2, Reform, Revolution, and ...
15th century BC. The Pergamon Museum Female deity pouring a life-giving water from a vessel. Facade of Inanna Temple at Uruk, ... This style is a predecessor to the ziggurat formations that would come later in Mesopotamian history. Unlike later temples, the ... 15th century BC. The Pergamon Museum Bahrani, Zainab (2017). Mesopotamia: Ancient Art and Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson ... "Uruk: The First City". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 22 November 2017. CS1 maint ...
"15th-16th Century". History. Brazilian Government official website. Archived from the original on 2007-06-15. Retrieved 2008-06 ... Cinema has a long tradition in Brazil, reaching back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century, and gained a new ... In the 19th Century, the composer Antonio Carlos Gomes wrote several operas with Brazilian indigenous themes, with librettos in ... In later centuries, Brazilian architects were increasingly influenced by schools from other countries such as France and the ...
History[edit]. Origins up to the 15th century[edit]. Veurne, in Latin Furna, is first found in 877 as a possession of the Saint ... The 15th century saw the construction of a new city hall, which is known today as the Pavilion of the Spanish officers, from ... 19th and 20th century[edit]. From the Battle of Waterloo until World War I, Veurne could enjoy a century of quiet and ... Veurne became a city in the 12th century. During the following century, trade with England flourished. In 1270, however, the ...
Church History of Brittany 24.7. 15th-century Life ed. M. Coens, 'Vie de S. Lebuin', in: Analecta bollandiana, 34/35 (1915-1916 ... Lives of St Lebuinus: Vita (Lebuini) antiqua, earliest Life (9th or early 10th century) ed. A. Hofmeister. Vita Lebuini antiqua ... Levison, W. (1956). England and the Continent in the 8th Century. pp. 108-10. Lebuin 1 at Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England ...
7th-15th Centuries AD. Oxford: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-85532-964-6. O'Callaghan, Joseph F. (2011). The Gibraltar Crusade: ... Arrighi, Giovanni (2010). The Long Twentieth Century. Verso. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-84467-304-9. Barton, Simon (2004). A History of ... However, after Portugal opened direct trade routes to Sub-Saharan Africa by sea in the 15th century, Granada became less ... From the ninth to the tenth century, under the Caliphate of Córdoba, the region was one of the most prosperous and advanced in ...
Records show that a stone bridge has been maintained at the site since the middle of the 15th century, and work done in 1465 ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Renwick, Robert (1903). Peebles: Burgh and Parish in Early History. A. Redpath. p. 61. ... Tweed Bridge (15th century). Plaque on bridge. Historic Environment Scotland. "Tweed Bridge (Category A Listed Building) ( ...
ISBN 3-498-01323-8. English title (translation): Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 8. The 15th and 16th century. From the ... 18th century and outlook onto the aftermath. Kings by grace of God and decline of papacy. More than a quarter century after the ... ISBN 3-498-01304-1. English title: Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 5. 9th and 10th Centuries. From Louis the Pious (814 ... ISBN 3-498-01309-2. English title: Christianity's Criminal History. Volume 6. 11th and 12th Centuries. From Emperor Henry II " ...
Great Zimbabwe (11th-15th century) , Thematic Essay , Timeline of Art History , The Metropolitan Museum of Art Wiles, Richard F ... Twenty-First Century Books. pp. 69-. ISBN 9780822523994. Horne, Gerald (2001). From the Barrel of a Gun: The United States and ... This was added at the suggestion of Cederic Herbert, who pointed out its uniqueness and history. The final draft went through ... The bird symbolises the history of Zimbabwe; the red star beneath it officially stands for the nation's aspirations but is ...
of the 13th-15th centuries. 1902 M. R. James: Manuscripts in Cambridge. 1903 E. Gordon Duff: The printers, stationers and book- ... of the 11th century. 1905 Sir Edward Maunde Thompson: The history of illumination and ornamentation of MSS. 1906 F. W. Maitland ... 1898 E. Gordon Duff: The printers, stationers and book-binders of Westminster and London in the 15th Century. 1899 J. W. Clark ... 1990-1991 D. S. Brewer: The fabulous history of Venus: Studies in the history of mythography from the Middle Ages to the ...
7th-15th Centuries. The Oxford Handbook of Cities in World History. Oxford University Press. pp. 263-264. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/ ... Old St Peter's, Rome, as the 4th-century basilica had developed by the mid-15th century, in a 19th-century reconstruction St ... 4th century), and later St Clement (6th century). A Christian basilica of the 4th or 5th century stood behind its entirely ... Peter's Basilica in Rome, until in the 15th century it was demolished to make way for a modern church built to a new plan. In ...
Great Zimbabwe (11th-15th century) , Thematic Essay , Timeline of Art History , The Metropolitan Museum of Art Hall, Martin; ... The birds were displayed for a while in the Natural History Museum in Bulawayo and the Museum of Human Sciences in Harare, but ... History Press. p. 20. ISBN 978-0-7524-9490-6. Kuklick, Henrika (1991). "Contested Monuments: The Politics of Archeology in ... starting in the 11th century and inhabited for over 300 years. The ruins, after which modern Zimbabwe was named, cover some 730 ...
15th century Michal II Zaslawski fl. 15th century Fiodor Zaslawski, 14??-1508, died after 1508 List of early East Slavic states ... Longman History of Russia. Taylor & Francis. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-317-87314-3. Retrieved 14 September 2018. v t e. ...
Late 15th century. In Scriptorum de musica medii ævi. Edited by Edmonde de Coussemaker. Paris: A. Durand & Pedone-Lauriel, 1869 ... The History of the Falsobordone from its Origins to 1750 (diss., U. of Chicago, 1969). ... Late 15th century. In Scriptorum de musica medii ævi. Edited by Edmonde de Coussemaker. Paris: A. Durand & Pedone-Lauriel, 1869 ... Late 15th century. In Scriptorum de musica medii ævi. Edited by Edmonde de Coussemaker. Paris: A. Durand & Pedone-Lauriel, 1869 ...
"15th century gin heads to auction". The Drinks Business. "This Bar Wants To Be A Learning Centre for Gin Lovers". 20 September ... "Gin 1495 - A Journey to Re-Create a Piece of History". BarLifeUK. 26 November 2014. "Gin 1495 Verbatim". the GIN is IN. 19 May ...
14th-15th centuries. Brill. p. 54. ISBN 9789004135611. Dick, Howard W. (2003). Surabaya, city of work: a socioeconomic history ... see Cultivation System). By the last years of 19th century, river sedimentation in its original delta in Madura Strait started ... The river played important part in Javanese history. Its drainage basin is an important agricultural area, dominated by rice ...
Muslim poets were writing in the Bengali language by the 15th century. By the turn of the 16th century, a vernacular literature ... 1999). "Sylhet: History and Heritage". Sylhet: History and Heritage. Bangladesh Itihas Samiti. p. 715. ISBN 978-984-31-0478-6. ... During the early 15th-century, the Ilyas Shahi rule was challenged by Raja Ganesha, a powerful Hindu landowner, who managed to ... A 15th-century sultanate-era mosque lies in ruins and covered with vegetation in Myanmar's Rakhine State. Cities in the Bengal ...
Material from 12th to 15th Century. Belgrade: Dedraplast. Bataković, Dušan T., ed. (2005). Histoire du peuple serbe [History of ... Inevitably, in the 15th century Ottoman auxiliaries were also used, for example by Vuk Lazarević against Stephen, 1409-13. In ... while a mid-15th century Ottoman source reports that his army included Wallachians, Hungarians, Bohemians, Albanians, ... From the 11th century on the commander-in-chief of the army was the king (kral), a veliki vojevoda or 'high military chief, ...
"The Stavraton Period (14th-15th centuries)". Doaks.org. 8 May 2008. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 8 ... "History 303: Justinian and Heraclius". Tulane.edu. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2013. ... survived until their conquest by the Ottoman Turks in the mid-15th century. Early Byzantine coins continue the late Greco-Roman ... In the 10th century, so-called "anonymous folles" were struck instead of the earlier coins depicting the emperor. The anonymous ...
Babur noted that they still spoke Mongolian in the late 15th century. The Nikudari are (or were; Weiers notes that his ... Rashid al-Din, Universal history Saunders, J.J. The History of the Mongol Conquests, Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, 1971, ISBN 0- ... ISBN 978-0-521-54329-3. Wink, André (November 2003). Indo-Islamic society: 14th - 15th centuries. BRILL. p. 127. ISBN 90-04- ... Christoph Baumer (2016). The History of Central Asia: The Age of Islam and the Mongols. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 242. ISBN 978 ...
15th-century original). Rome: Torchi di Paolo Salviucci. pp. iv. http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/Collection/art-object-page. ... Histories of the Virgin and the Cintola in Prato Cathedral Cennini, Cennino (1821). Giuseppe Tambroni (ed.). Trattato della ...
"Timeline History of Oxford - 15th Century". Welcome to Oxford. Retrieved 20 October 2014. "College History". Magdalen College. ... 1907). "Colleges: St George, Oxford". A History of the County of Oxford. British History Online. Victoria County History. 2. ... "Timeline History of Oxford - 20th Century". Welcome to Oxford. Retrieved 20 October 2014. "Bannister breaks four-minute mile". ... "Timeline History of Oxford - 8th Century". Welcome to Oxford. Retrieved 14 October 2014. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (date adjusted ...
History of Bengal History of India List of Sunni Muslim dynasties André Wink (2003). Indo-Islamic society: 14th - 15th ... which ruled from the 14th century to the 15th century. It was founded in 1342 by Shamsuddin Iliyas Shah. After Shamsuddin's ... Ainslie Thomas Embree, Asia Society (1988). Encyclopedia of Asian history, Volym 1. p. 149. For a map of their territory see: ... Ali, Mohammad Mohar (1988). History of the Muslims of Bengal, Vol 1 (PDF) (2 ed.). Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University. ...
14th-15th centuries. BRILL. p. 217. ISBN 978-90-0413561-1. Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A History of Modern Indonesia since c.1300, ... In the late 15th century, following the collapse of Majapahit and the rise of Muslim principalities on the northern coast of ... Essay of Global History. ISBN 2713209498. Tarling, Nicholas (1992). The Cambridge History of Southeast Asia: Volume 1, From ... The 10th century Arab account Ajayeb al-Hind (Marvels of India) gives an account of invasion in Africa by people called Wakwak ...
iv, 204.. Braudel, Fernand (1992). Civilization and Capitalism, 15th-18th Century. Vol. 2: The Wheels of Commerce. Translated ... volume= has extra text (help) "Oral-History:Murray Eden". ethw.org. Retrieved 11 December 2019. "Dr. Evan, SAS & Wharton". ... Nevin, Bruce E. (ed.) (2002a). The legacy of Zellig Harris: Language and information into the 21st century. CILT 228. Volume 1 ... Nevin, Bruce (1993a). "Harris the revolutionary: Phonemic theory". In Jankowsky, Kurt R. (ed.). History of Linguistics 1993: ...
Wink, André (2004). Indo-Islamic society: 14th - 15th centuries. Volume 3 of Al-Hind Series. BRILL. ISBN 9004135618. Retrieved ... Robb, P. (2001), A History of India, London: Palgrave, p. 80, ISBN 978-0-333-69129-8 Stein, B. (16 June 1998), A History of ... In the 18th century, Mughal power had become severely limited. By the mid-18th century, the Marathas had routed Mughal armies ... Islam in South Asia: A Short History. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2008. Murray Thurston Titus, Indian Islam: A Religious History ...
Wink, André (January 1, 2004). Indo-Islamic Society, 14th- 15th Centuries. BRILL. p. 47. ISBN 978-90-04-13561-1. Retrieved ... Miksic, John (2004). "From megaliths to tombstones: the transition from pre-history to early Islamic period in highland West ... Borschberg, Peter (2004). Iberians in the Singapore-Melaka Area and Adjacent Regions (16th to 18th Century). Otto Harrassowitz ... This area formed a kingdom known from at least the 7th century as Malayu. It is probable that wet rice cultivation evolved in ...
Letter of Lentulus - document that appeared in 15th century Florence and purported to be a letter written by one Publius ... text engraved on wooden planks alleged to date from the 9th and 10th century which document ancient Slavic religion and history ... The writings were highly influential in Western mysticism until the 15th century, when they were properly dated. The Lost ... "The Prophecy of the Popes (15th Century)". The Public Domain Review. 19 June 2014. Retrieved 2019-02-01. "Pseudo-Dionysius the ...
15th-century English women. *16th-century English nobility. *16th-century English women ... Buck, George (1619). The History of the Life and Reigne of Richard the Third. London: Creative Media Partners, LLC. p. 36.. ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. Constable. ISBN 0- ... Seward, Desmond (1995). The Wars of the Roses: And the Lives of Five Men and Women in the Fifteenth Century. London: Constable ...
... built in the 14th century, line the banks of the Vistula.[33] In the 15th century the city of Gdańsk gained great importance in ... Geological history[edit]. The history of the River Vistula and its valley spans over 2 million years. The river is connected to ... History of floods on the River Vistula History of floods on the River Vistula (Hydrological Sciences Journal) ... popularized by the 15th-century historian Jan Długosz,[28] Wanda, daughter of King Krak, became queen of the Poles upon her ...
Until the 15th century the elected emperor was crowned and anointed by the Pope in Rome, among some exceptions in Ravenna, ... Main article: 18th-century history of Germany. Prussia and AustriaEdit. Further information: Austria-Prussia rivalry, Kingdom ... By the end of the 15th century the Empire was still in theory composed of three major blocks - Italy, Germany, and Burgundy - ... "Italy - Italy in the 14th and 15th centuries". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 December 2020.. ...
Command history[edit]. Edwin V. Sumner March 13, 1862 - October 7, 1862 ... For the II Corps of the United States Army during the 20th - 21st Centuries, see II Corps (United States). ... such as 15th Massachusetts, once elite outfits. ... making one of the most interesting episodes in the history of ... At the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House the II Corps again attained a glorious place in history by Hancock's brilliant and ...
... appeared in the 17th century through 19th century, meant to vindicate the history, language, people, and culture of Galicia.[32 ... The linguistic stage from the 13th to the 15th centuries is usually known as Galician-Portuguese (or Old Portuguese, or Old ... This led, from the late 15th century on, to the end of legal documents in Galician; the last ones were issued around 1530.[30] ... History[edit]. One of the oldest legal charters written in Galician, the constitutional charter of the Bo Burgo (Good Burg) of ...
Publishing, DK (15 September 2015). Queen Elizabeth II and the Royal Family: A Glorious Illustrated History. DK Publishing. p. ... Colonel-in-Chief of the Yorkshire Regiment (14th/15th, 19th and 33rd/76th Foot)[123] ... Dukes of York and Albany (18th century). *George (1892-1910). *Albert (1920-1936) ... "St George's Chapel , History , Orders of Chivalry". St George's Chapel. Archived from the original on 20 August 2008. Retrieved ...
15th century. *Abu Sa'id al-Afif. *Muhammad Ali Astarabadi. *Husayni Isfahani. *Burhan-ud-din Kermani ... Finger, Stanley (1994), Origins of Neuroscience: A History of Explorations Into Brain Function, Oxford University Press, p. 70 ... Abu al-Qasim Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili was an important eleventh-century Arab Muslim ophthalmologist. Despite little being known ... An Uncommon History of Common Things. National Geographic Books. 2015. ISBN 9781426216169.. ...
... the 19th century Sritattvanidhi uses the name Śīrṣāsana as well as Kapālāsana.[6] The Malla Purana, a 13th-century manual for ... A History of Modern Yoga. *2005 Positioning Yoga. *2010 Yoga Body. *The Subtle Body ... while the 18th century Joga Pradīpikā calls it Kapālī āsana, head posture; it is number 17 of the set of 84 asanas described ... Hemacandra's 11th century Yogaśāstra names it Duryodhanāsana ("Duryodhana's pose") or Kapālīkarana ("head technique"),[5] ...
Brief historyEdit. Further information: Open-source software § History, and History of free and open-source software ... In a paper from the 15th Annual Congress of the European Economic Association on the open-source movement, the incentives of ... The expansion of f/oss movement discourse in the 21st century". Journal of Information Technology and Politics. 8 (3).. [ ... a b c History of the OSI , Open Source Initiative. Opensource.org. Retrieved on 2011-11-30. ...
Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century, not only animal and plant products were used as medicine, ... The major shift in medical thinking was the gradual rejection, especially during the Black Death in the 14th and 15th centuries ... Distinguishable from history of previous illness, often called past medical history (PMH). Medical history comprises HPI and ... History[edit]. Main articles: History of medicine and Timeline of medicine and medical technology ...
15th century in literature. *15th Field Artillery Regiment (Canada). *16th century in Wales ...
HistoryEdit. Main article: History of Ohio State University. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. ( ... In the last quarter century,[clarification needed] 32 Ohio State faculty members have received the Guggenheim Fellowship, more ... Michael V. Drake, former chancellor of the University of California, Irvine, became the 15th president of the Ohio State ... "History of the Ohio Union". Archived from the original on December 3, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014.. ...
... as practiced today may have originated in Germany during the 15th century, when it was used in attempts to find metals ... Part II: a case-study on dowsing and the naturalisation of the moral, 1685-1710". Studies in History and Philosophy of ... In the lead-mining area of the Mendip Hills in Somerset in the 17th century the natural philosopher Robert Boyle, inspired by ... 1917). The Divining Rod: A History of Water Witching. Washington: Government Printing Office. ...
Casale became a free municipality and from the 15th century to the 16th century was the capital of the Palaiologos. Then the ... HistoryEdit. The fortified town from an engraving of 1745. On the left the river Po, and to the right the star-shaped ... The 15th-century Palazzo Treviso, in Via Trevigi, was restructured on behalf of Anne d'Alençon before being given to the ... Palazzo Del Carretto, also known as the Casa Tornielli, in Via Canina, again dating from the 15th century, now housing a ...
Drawings by German artist Albrecht Dürer established the popular image of the breed in the 15th and 16th centuries. Further ... "History of the Bichon Frise". Bichon Frise Club of America, Inc. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 22 ... Early 19th century: from German Pudel(hund), from Low German pud(d)eln 'splash in water' (the poodle being a water-dog).. ... "Poodle History & Training". AKC.org. American Kennel Club. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved 15 January ...
"Gunpowder Composition for Rockets and Cannon in Arabic Military Treatises In Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries". History of ... The Nesri Tarihi in the 15th century states that the Ottoman army were regularly using guns and cannons from at least 1421-1422 ... "History of Science and Technology in Islam. Dicapai 2008-03-29.. *^ Sarton, George, Introduction to the History of Science. (cf ... Campbell, I.C. (1995), The Lateen Sail in World History (PDF), 6 (1), Journal of World History, m/s. 4-8. ...
... probably set near the end of the 15th century and told by Sir Harry 'Hal' Dawe. ... by people magically plucked out of history by the elf Puck, or told by Puck himself. (Puck, who refers to himself as "the ... A story which introduces a new narrator, a Roman soldier named Parnesius, born and stationed in Britain in the 4th century. He ... A story of Burwash in the 11th century just before the Norman Conquest, told by Puck himself. ...
The ability of palladium to absorb hydrogen was recognized as early as the nineteenth century by Thomas Graham.[17][18] In the ... COLD FUSION - The history of research in Italy (2009) PDF 8.7Mb In the foreword by the president of ENEA the belief is ... ENEA hosted the 15th cold fusion conference.[89][101] ... History. Nuclear fusion is normally understood to occur at ... Taubes says: "Ny Teknika seemed to believe that Tanderg had missed on the discovery of the century, done in by an ignorant ...
History. Kaboloan. See also: Kaboloan. During the 15th century, Pangasinan had been the site of an ancient polity called the ... Beginning in the 19th Century, some of the salt making operations gave way to pond culture of fish, most prominently the ... as the city has been a regional market center for centuries. ...
The Bolinao Skull is a skull dated between the 14th and 15th centuries A.D. recovered in the Balingasay archeological site in ... HistoryEdit. Folk etymology attributes the name "Bolinao" or this remote fishing enclave from the fish piece "monamon" but ... Two centuries later, an account[specify][who?] narrates the arrival of Juan de Salcedo and his crew reached Bolinao and chanced ... According to oral history, the town of Bolinao used to be a small settlement in what is now Barrio Binabalian in Santiago ...
So far the oldest known text documenting its use was written in the late 15th century by the Tibetan doctor Zurkhar Nyamnyi ... O. sinensis is classified as a medicinal mushroom, and its use has a long history in traditional Chinese medicine as well as ... The name was first recorded in the 15th century by the Tibetan doctor Zurkhar Namnyi Dorje. In colloquial Tibetan yartsa gunbu ... While it has been collected for centuries and is still common in such areas, current collection rates are much higher than in ...
History. Making pasta; illustration from the 15th century edition of Tacuinum Sanitatis, a Latin translation of the Arabic work ... "History of Pasta". Retrieved 29 March 2012.. *^ Tracey, Michael. "The Origin and History of Pasta where Pasta comes from". ... History of manufacturing. At the beginning of the 17th century, Naples had rudimentary machines for producing pasta, later ... In the 14th and 15th centuries, dried pasta became popular for its easy storage. This allowed people to store pasta on ships ...
... with the explorer Sir Richard Burton suggesting the plant was later introduced to Yemen from Ethiopia in the 15th century.[38] ... Kiple, Kenneth F.; Ornelas, Kriemhild Coneè (2001). The Cambridge World History of Food. Cambridge University Press. pp. 672-3 ... HistoryEdit. According to some sources, khat was first grown in Ethiopia,[37] ... Khat has been grown for use as a stimulant for centuries in the Horn of Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. There, chewing khat ...
For the 15th-century Antipope, see Antipope John XXIII.. Pope John XXIII (Latin: Ioannes; Italian: Giovanni; born Angelo ... Martin, Malachi (1972), Three Popes and the Cardinal: The Church of Pius, John and Paul in its Encounter with Human History', ... Bokenkotter, Thomas (2005). A Concise History of the Catholic Church. New York: Image. p. 413. ISBN 0-385-51613-4.. ... Across the centuries our brother Abel has lain in blood which we drew, or shed tears we caused by forgetting Thy love. Forgive ...
1 Migration history *1.1 Early history. *1.2 After independence. *1.3 Early immigration: 15th-18th centuries ... Wu Rui, Hainanese eunuch in 15th century Lê Dynasty Đại Việt (modern Vietnam) during Emperor Le Thanh Tong's rule at the ... Migration history[edit]. Early history[edit]. Main article: Southward expansion of the Han dynasty ... Li, Tana (2010). "3 The Ming Factor and the Emergency of the Viet in the 15th Century". In Wade, Geoff; Sun, Laichen (eds.). ...
It is composed of several cylindrical towers and dates to the 15th century. ... Throughout its history, La Pedriza's complex of caves was used as a hideout by exiles and by those seeking shelter during times ... It dates to the 14th century and an expansion during the 16th century. Although at one time in disrepair, the castle was ... For centuries the range constituted a border between the Christian kingdoms to the north and Muslims kingdoms to the south, ...
By the end of the 15th century, larger representations, other than the Throne of Mercy, became effectively standardised, ... "Creeds of Christendom, with a History and Critical notes. Volume I. The History of Creeds. - Christian Classics Ethereal ... For 'person', seeRichard De Smet, A Short History of the Person, available in Brahman and Person: Essays by Richard De Smet, ed ... Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church. Volume III. Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity, fifth edition revised, §27 ...
Lipski, John M. (2005). A History of Afro-Hispanic Language: Five Centuries, Five Continents. Cambridge University Press. ISBN ... The coastline of the modern state is not quite coterminous with what the 15th- and 16th-century merchants knew as the "Teeth" ... Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very ... The first recorded history appears[when?] in the chronicles[where?] of North African (Berber) traders, who, from early Roman ...
... with numbers remaining at 10,000-12,000 through most of the 15th and 16th centuries.[84] ... "Essays in History. Virginia: Corcoran Department of History at the University of Virginia. 33. Archived from the original on 28 ... In Bristol the port began to develop in the 11th century.[81] By the 12th century Bristol was an important port, handling much ... Pearce, Susan M. (1978), The Kingdom of Dumnonia: Studies in History and Tradition in South-Western Britain A.D. 350-1150 ...
The 13th century CE, to the 15th century CE, saw the emergence of numerous Virashaiva and Brahminical writers with a ... Some well-known works of history are Maisururajara-charitre, Chikkadevarajavamsavali (17th century), Keladinripavijaya by ... Dedicating the work to his patron king, Thimmanna called it Krishnaraya Bharata.[45] In the 15th century, Narahari wrote the ... These include writings from the 7th century rise of the Badami Chalukya empire to the 16th century, coinciding with the decline ...
Timeline of Muslim history Bosworth, Clifford Edmund, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, p. ... Grousset, Rene: The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia, pg. 180. Rutgers University Press, 1970. Castillo, Dennis ... Angelo (2006). The Maltese Cross: A Strategic History of Malta. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 36-37. ISBN 0313323291.. ...
"History Of Parliament 1558-1603". HIstory of Parliament Online. Bain1 1894, p. vol 1 99. "Parish Registers St Olave York". ... sfn error: no target: CITEREFShaw (help) "Parishes: Merton A History of the County of Surrey". British History Online. 1912. ... Early in the 15th century, an elite company of Scots Guards, was engaged to protect the King of France, serving as both foot ... Douglases at the beginning of the 15th century. Just as the place-name "Roxburgh" appears in historic records with numerous ...
At the same time, it was in the 15th century that Europe exploded outward accross the globe. First it was the Portuguese ... While it is the European voyages that are most heavily reported during the 15th century, a much larger operation at the time ... The Renaissance was more pronounced and established outside of Italy by the 15th century. The Renaissance had a profound affect ... This trend is so pronounced that by the 16th century we can read English authors with considerable ease. The Great Schism ...
15th century inscribed strapend plate (IHS), 4.2cm, found in the Lincolnshire Wolds. ... 14-15th Century Strapend. $22.95. 15th century inscribed strapend plate (IHS), 4.2cm, found in the Lincolnshire Wolds. ... Gaukler Medieval Wares 14-15th Century Strapend [z6165] - ...
15th century. Chateau de Chantilly. France. Stock Photos. Search over 12 million royalty free images and rights managed stock ... Download History of Gaul. The troops of Caesar and the Germanic hordes fighting over the Rhine. Medieval miniature. ... 15th century. Chateau de Chantilly. France.. This image has Third Party Permissions. Please contact our Sales department for ... Stock Photo: History of Gaul. The troops of Caesar and the Germanic hordes fighting over the Rhine. Medieval miniature. ...
Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about 15th Century From The tribunedigital-chicagotribune ... announced Monday it would be led by a woman for the first time in a history that dates to the 15th Century. Agnes Grossmann ... about five centuries. The 15th Century guy, who pretty much defined "Renaissance man," had it covered--from robots to flying, ... about five centuries. The 15th Century guy, who pretty much defined "Renaissance man," had it covered--from robots to flying, ...
History[edit]. 13th to 15th centuries[edit]. The Medieval Merchants House was built in about 1290 on French Street, ... During the 15th century the economy of Southampton improved as a result of the Italian wool trade and the presence of many ... 16th to 20th centuries[edit]. The house was transformed into three cottages during the 17th century, which involved a new door ... a b The borough of Southampton: General historical account, A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3, Institute of ...
Then, like many other originally practical items in the history of mens wear, from the late 15th century onward it became ... 14th and 15th centuries[edit]. Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were generally hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over ... Until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was usually worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, ... By the 17th century, doublets were short-waisted. A typical sleeve of this period was full and slashed to show the shirt ...
... guarded Englands north-western border with Scotland and which continued to have an active military role until the 20th century ... A history of Carlisle Castle, the mighty border stronghold which ... The 15th and 16th Centuries. Carlisle played an important part ... in the turbulent history of the 15th and early 16th centuries, when the rule of law broke down over virtually the whole border ... Brown et al, op cit; J Wilson (ed), The Victoria History of the County of Cumberland, 2 (London, 1905), 242-4 (accessed 31 Oct ...
Family history of cancer: pooled analysis in the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology Consortium. Abstract ... The globalization of tobacco use: 21 challenges for the 21st century. Abstract ... transition probability and event history analyses. Abstract ...
For 15th (1401-1500) enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6. Test your knowledge on this history quiz to see how you do and ... Can you identify in which century these events occurred? ... History Quiz / 15th or 16th Century. Random History or General ... Tags:Century Quiz, Decade Quiz, General Knowledge Quiz, This or That Quiz, World Events, World History ... Can you identify in which century these events occurred? For 15th (1401-1500) enter 5 and for 16th (1501-1600) enter 6.. by ...
History/Philosophy of History of Mathematics. Current trends in the History of Mathematics. Ethnomathematics. History of ... 15th-18th Century). Milestones of Science Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 11/08/2007 - 20:21. *Early Modern (15th-18th Century) ... Echo is a project of the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University © Copyright 2008 Center for History and New ... Caduceus-L: History of the health sciences. Submitted by Anonymous on Thu, 11/08/2007 - 20:21. *Contemporary (Post-WWII) ...
Between 15th and 18th centuries. During the beginning of the 15th Century scientists developed greater understanding of the ... History of the causes of cancer. There have been numerous theories of causes of cancer throughout ages. For example, the ... The 19th Century. Rudolf Virchow, often called the founder of cellular pathology, founded the basis for pathologic study of ... History of cancer screening and detection. Related Stories. *Study defines biomarker in response to treatment of castration- ...
Quotes, modern history[edit]. Until 15th century[edit]. The knowledge of anything, since all things have causes, is not ... 15th century[edit]. *You must acquire the best knowledge first, and without delay; it is the height of madness to learn what ... 21st century[edit]. What we call knowledge does not and cannot have the purpose of producing representations of an independent ... Quotes, ancient history[edit]. Chinese[edit]. *I cannot look at something through someone elses eyes. I can only truly know ...
Coif, winged, 15th century. This style of headwear is often seen in paintings of 15th C. French and Flemish country women, and ... Hood, Buttoned London Style, 14th-15th Century, Wool. Hood design based on London find no. 246, as presented in the Museum of ... Hood, Buttoned London Style, 14th-15th Century, Linen. Hood design based on London find no. 246, as presented in the Museum ... Turban, 13th-15th C.. This style seems to have been especially popular in the Italian States and Holy Roman Empire (Germany). ...
... with church history, photos, and visiting information. Were Passionate about Norfolk Heritage! ... The 15th century pulpit. The real treasure of St Margarets church is the wonderfully decorated hexagonal wine glass pulpit, ... It is well worth seeking out just for the magnificent 15th century pulpit. Though most people will probably come by road, there ... There are several good 17th and 18th century grave slabs, and early 19th century Commandment boards. The royal coat of arms is ...
THE PRINTED GREEK BOOK 15TH - 19TH CENTURY.. New Castle, DE: Oak Knoll Press and Kotinos Publications, 2004. 6.5" x 9.5" Half ... The collection of essays compiled in this book is..... READ MORE about THE PRINTED GREEK BOOK 15TH - 19TH CENTURY ... Printing history in its broadest context may be viewed as a distinct form of cultural history, a synthesis combining the ... More than a century has passed since W. H. Allnuts paper on provincial printing was presented at the meeting of the Library ...
ancient Greece and Rome . 15TH CENTURY. 16th century. 17th century . 18th century. 19th century. 20th century. ... 15TH CENTURY. 1401 - 1500 thoughts on the mentally ill. - Arguments for the existence of witches. - Proof that witches are ... 17th century 1601 - 1700 General belief: If mad people behaved like animals, they should be treated like animals. - Thomas ... 19th century. 1801 - 1900 Moral Management. - The environment plays a vital role in the treatment of the mentally ill. - ...
History of Christianity. Christendom in the 15th Century. by James A Watkins. 62 ... Roman Catholic Churches in 19th Century Glasgow, Scotland. by Christine Miranda. 6 ...
These 15th-Century Maps Show How the Apocalypse Will Go Down. In 15th-century Europe, the Apocalypse weighed heavily on the ... Ancient History. What is Meta-Mindfulness?. ,i,"The world is won by those who let it go." -Lao Tzu,/i,,p,Writing provides an ... The US will be unrecognizable by the end of this century. Miserably hot summers are not the worst problem we face in the coming ...
Athelhampton House is a 15th century Country Manor House and Gardens in Dorchester, Dorset. Perfect for days out, special ... History. Athelhamptons history and that of its inter-related families covers more than a thousand years. Discover more ... 15th Century Country Wedding Venue in Dorset. Welcome to the Athelhampton Manor House and Gardens, a spectacular 15th century ... Welcome to Athelhampton House and Gardens, a spectacular 15th century manor house and grounds 5 miles east of the Dorset town ...
... late 15th century. Culture: Tibet. Medium: Gold, ink, and color on cloth. Dimensions: Image: 40 3/8 x 31 1/4 in. (102.6 x 79.4 ... Date: late 15th century. Culture: Tibet. Medium: Gold, ink, and color on cloth ...
Crash Course: World History #21. Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21. * ... Crash Course: World History #21. Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21. In ... Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21. In which John Green teaches you about ... Columbus, de Gama, and Zheng He! 15th Century Mariners. Crash Course: World History #21. *Order: Reorder ...
Hat, Medieval Felt, 13th-15th Century. This versatile hat can be worn any number of ways. Turn the brim up in front, on the ... Braies, 13th Century. Full, above-knee length underwear has very wide panel in crotch. Examples may be seen in early manuscript ... Gown, Early Medieval, 10th-13th Century, Linen. Weve based the cut of this gown on a number of extant garments from the 11th- ... Single leg hose can be seen in artwork from the 13th (Maciejowski Bible, image above), 14th (Tres Riches Heures) and early 15th ...
Discover the Cabot surname history. Where did the name Cabot come from? ... Read the Cabot surname history and see the family crest, coat of arms for the English Origin. ... Cabot Settlers in United States in the 15th Century. *Sebastien Cabot who settled in Maine in 1498 ... Order Tracking & History. Our Guarantee. SHOPPING SERVICES. Coat of Arms & Family Crest Search. History Search. How To Buy. ...
"South Australian History Timeline (19th Century)". Retrieved 16 November 2014.. *^ A History of the Human Plague in Iran ... 15th century and earlierEdit. Death toll (estimate) Location Date Article Disease Ref. ... "A History of Spain and Portugal". Retrieved 16 November 2014.. *^ Marr, John S.; Cathey, John T. (2010). "New Hypothesis for ... www.ahc.org.au/history/history.html Archived 2008-06-25 at the Wayback Machine [After Cook] and coinciding with Colonisation] ...
The Mets Timeline of Art History pairs essays and works of art with chronologies and tells the story of art and global culture ...
In tapestry: 15th century. * In tapestry: 19th and 20th centuries. View More. ... However, the Socialist Party, which had emerged during the social democracy movement of the late 19th century, became ... In the southern provinces throughout the 16th to 18th centuries Brussels, headed by viceroys, remained the centre of court ... but lead glaze was in common use by the 13th century at the latest. Proficient sgraffito decoration was done at Beauvaisis ( ...
World history is often defined by wars. During the 20th and 21st centuries, aircraft came to play increasingly important roles ... The Belgian landscape has been a major European battleground for centuries, notably in modern times during the Battle of ... to its contributions to the arts of the 20th century and its maintenance of the folk cultures of past eras. ... Waterloo (1815) and the 20th centurys two world wars. Given its area and population, Belgium today is one of the most heavily ...
Japanese Tea Ritual Turned 15th Century Tupperware Into Art. Eight hundred years ago, tea was rare in Japan. It arrived from ... China Has Launched the Largest Water-Pipeline Project in History. But is the South-to-North Water Diversion Project creating ...
  • The influence of 15th century garments can be seen in the academic gowns that teachers at English public (exclusive private) schools still wore in the early 20th century and are still worn by university dons for ceremonial purposes. (histclo.com)
  • Comics as an art form established itself in the late 19th and early 20th century, alongside the similar forms of film and animation. (wikibooks.org)
  • Italy's industrial and then colonial expansion brought it into the wars of the 20th century. (google.com)
  • Following a process of decolonisation in the 20th century, mainly caused by the weakening of Great Britain's power in the two World Wars, almost all of the empire's overseas territories became independent countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • History), CEU Budapest, 2015), specializes in the study of Religious History and Historical Theology from the late 15th to the early 20th century, especially the so called Catholic Reformation/Catholic Reform. (mu.edu)
  • During the 20th century (especially after the 1930s), the consumption of chocolate shifted from medicinal to confectionery. (drugs.com)
  • Following the success of The Robert Devereux Post-War British Art Collection at auction last month, Sotheby s will stage its dedicated sale of 20th Century British Art in London on Wednesday, December 15, 2010. (artdaily.com)
  • Following this initial purchase he went on to amass a superb collection of 20th Century British Art. (artdaily.com)
  • There can be few artists of the 20th century for whom the fusion of life with art is more deeply embedded than Stanley Spencer. (artdaily.com)
  • 19th-20th century Eclectic Physicians. (healthylivingmarket.com)
  • Conflicts between labor and management increased in the U.S. during the early 20th century. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • In 19th Century France, it resembled a waterfall. (chicagotribune.com)
  • There are several good 17th and 18th century grave slabs, and early 19th century Commandment boards. (britainexpress.com)
  • However, the Socialist Party, which had emerged during the social democracy movement of the late 19th century, became increasingly prominent. (britannica.com)
  • Rabbi Isserles' works were printed in the Hebrew printing press, which had started in the 1530's and was active until the 19th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • While surviving works of these periods such as Francis Barlow's A True Narrative of the Horrid Hellish Popish Plot (c.1682) as well as The Punishments of Lemuel Gulliver and A Rake's Progress by William Hogarth (1726), can be seen to establish a narrative over a number of images, it wasn't until the 19th century that the elements of such works began to crystallise into the comic strip. (wikibooks.org)
  • Rodolphe Töpffer, a Francophone Swiss artist, is seen as the key figure of the early part of the 19th century. (wikibooks.org)
  • Though speech balloons fell from favour during the middle 19th century, Töpffer's sequentially illustrated stories, with text compartmentalized below images, were reprinted throughout Europe and the United States. (wikibooks.org)
  • The 19th century was marked by instability, with a rapid succession of rulers. (mcgill.ca)
  • Documents have been discovered indicating that chocolate was used naturopathically and prescribed to patients by some physicians for a variety of diseases during the 18th and 19th century in America, including cholera, consumption (tuberculosis), scarlet fever, smallpox, typhus, and yellow fever. (drugs.com)
  • The 19th century military buildings were pulled down in the 1960s to make way for new road construction. (britainexpress.com)
  • From the late 14th century, doublets were cut and padded to give the wearer an egg-shaped or pigeon-breasted silhouette, a fashion that gradually died out in favor of a flatter natural fit. (wikipedia.org)
  • The distinctive and striking headdress worn by women in the middle of the 14th century seem to have been composed of layers of veiling with crimped. (historicenterprises.com)
  • Glazed 13-14th century English floor tile. (medievalwares.com)
  • By the 14th century, Jews had established an organized community. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • the most important historical places associated with Vlad Tepes, such as the 14th century town of Sighisoara where you can visit the house in which Vlad was born (now hosting a restaurant and a small museum of medieval weapons). (romaniatourism.com)
  • The first edition of The Epistle of the Number, composed in Syracuse, Sicily, at the end of the 14th century. (gorgiaspress.com)
  • 7. Late Scholasticism - the 14th century. (stthomas.edu)
  • The Medieval Merchant's House is a restored late-13th-century building in Southampton , Hampshire, England. (wikipedia.org)
  • [5] In the early 13th century King John (r.1199-1216) may have been responsible for rebuilding the outer curtain wall and the inner ward wall in stone. (english-heritage.org.uk)
  • Jews arrived in krakow in the late 13th century among German immigrants traveling on a commercial route to Prague. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • [1] By the 12th and 13th century, most villages were coinciding with parishes, which reflected distribution of settlement and the structure of the society [2] with about 8,000 to 8,500 parishes. (zum.de)
  • In the 13th century, it entered under control of Siena. (flickr.com)
  • Light coloured fabric coifs with wrapped ties are commonly seen on women in medieval art from the 13th to 16th centuries. (historicenterprises.com)
  • Images: Italian Automaton (The Devil), carved in wood, 15th and 16th centuries, from the Wunderkammer owned by Ludovico Settala . (blogspot.com)
  • Bruges and Antwerp in the 15th and 16th Centuries: an Antithesis? (worldcat.org)
  • The 15th century in many ways is when Europe began to make the transition from the Medieval to the modern world. (histclo.com)
  • 22.95 : Gaukler Medieval Wares, Own Some History! (medievalwares.com)
  • [9] The Medieval Merchant's House was acquired by a sequence of established Southampton merchants, but it remained intact as a detached dwelling, unlike many other properties in the neighbourhood that were combined to form the larger homes that became more fashionable in the late 15th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • This lecture is part of Medieval Book History Week. (medievalists.net)
  • History of Medieval Philosophy (Fr. (stthomas.edu)
  • Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, some believed that cancer was contagious. (news-medical.net)
  • Early printed material concentrated on religious subjects, but through the 17th and 18th centuries they began to tackle aspects of political and social life, and also started to satirize and caricature. (wikibooks.org)
  • Mr. Margolis should be aware that most historians would mark the 15th Century as the height of the Renaissance, a period in which the human body was glorified and the mind of man was considered to be the measure of all things. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Columbus gets a bad rap from many modern historians, but it turns out he was pretty important as far as the history of the world goes. (hotstream.org)
  • Our History degree has been designed through a unique and cutting-edge consultation process involving current, recent and prospective students and is taught by a team of leading historians who have won awards and grants for their teaching excellence. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • Alice Taylor, David Wootton and Justin Champion will explore how history is being used and manipulated in the age of 'fake news', and discuss how historians should respond to wider debates about the past. (history.ac.uk)
  • Painstakingly researched and meticulously detailed, this book will be a valuable asset and resource for students, illustrators, costume and cultural historians - anyone interested in the history of fashion. (doverpublications.com)
  • This style of headwear is often seen in paintings of 15th C. French and Flemish country women, and seems to have been especially popular in the. (historicenterprises.com)
  • Who would want to hear the music an early 15th century Flemish or Burgundian shepherd might have played? (livinghistory.co.uk)
  • The Renaissance was more pronounced and established outside of Italy by the 15th century. (histclo.com)
  • According to UNESCO the valley is an exceptional exemplar of the way in which a natural setting was redesigned during the Renaissance (in the 14th and 15th centuries), reflecting the ideals of good governance in the Italian city-state. (flickr.com)
  • books.google.com - This book follows Italy's military history from the late Renaissance through the present day, arguing that its leaders have consistently looked back to the power of Imperial Rome as they sought to bolster Italy's status and influence in the world. (google.com)
  • By the fifteenth century , organs were being built with several characteristics which would become standard elements of design for the next several centuries. (bsc.edu)
  • Because there is more surviving literature from the fifteenth century, the music itself can tell us something about the instruments. (bsc.edu)
  • To judge from extant sources of information, organs of the fifteenth century had developed from the easily-classified three sizes of the Middle Ages to a point that we can find in them many of the fundamental features that are still characteristic of the instrument today. (bsc.edu)
  • However, using the information we do know from the sources mentioned above, we can draw some conclusions about the organ in general during the fifteenth century. (bsc.edu)
  • One of the most exciting changes that is found in organs of the fifteenth century -- possibly dating from a century earlier -- is what may be described as the breakdown of the Blockwerk into its components. (bsc.edu)
  • At the same time, there must be characteristics that were relatively new in the fifteenth century. (bsc.edu)
  • Let's look again at the painting of the Grote Kerk organ, and see what fifteenth-century characteristics can be found there. (bsc.edu)
  • We can safely assume that by the time this organ was built (the middle of the fifteenth century), these pipes were controlled by a pedalboard. (bsc.edu)
  • it contains work extending from his time to that of Prior Goldstone in the fifteenth century, thus exhibiting specimens of all schools of Gothic, and affording the best guide to the study of the development of architecture in England. (ccel.org)
  • Henricus Martellus, a German cartographer working in Florence in the late fifteenth century, produced a comprehensive annotated map of the known world. (neh.gov)
  • Potentially, the map had much to say about the intellectual rapport between cartographers and navigators in the fifteenth century, but many legends were unreadable. (neh.gov)
  • Military Costume, Middle of Fifteenth Century. (fromoldbooks.org)
  • Costume of a monk walking on foot in and around the time of Kind Eward IV: 1440 to 1480 or so, the second half of the fifteenth century. (fromoldbooks.org)
  • It paints an intricate picture of daily life in the courts and streets of fifteenth-century France and gives a fascinating glimpse into the practical considerations of running a household, dressing appropriately and maintaining a reputation in all circumstances. (google.com)
  • A nice piece of painted Pingsdorf ware, 11-12th century. (medievalwares.com)
  • 11-12th century, 10cm. (medievalwares.com)
  • Although trade and travel between China and Europe existed even during the Roman Empire, the rise in power of the Ottoman and Persian empires from the 12th century on made travel and trade increasingly difficult for the Europeans. (amazonaws.com)
  • When the Normans became the ruling people of England in the 11th century, they introduced a new language into a society where the main languages of Old and later Middle English had no definite spelling rules. (houseofnames.com)
  • In the late 11th century, as it was recorded in the Domesday book, manors had been units based on which the recordings were done. (zum.de)
  • 11th Century-Crusades further spread smallpox in Europe. (cdc.gov)
  • In 1996, reproduction armourer Jeffrey Hedgecock and historical clothier Gwen Nowrick joined forces to create Historic Enterprises, Inc. Enthusiastic reenactors, meticulous researchers and obsessive artisans, their company reflects their passion for history and attention to detail. (historicenterprises.com)
  • The museum houses a large number of exhibits featuring a 3D theatre, historical ships, the history of ships and fishing on the Columbia River , stories of storms, shipwrecks, the Coast Guard , and bar pilots on the Columbia River Bar . (wn.com)
  • This module introduces students to the concept of the 'Atlantic World', surveys the early modern history of Africa, the Americas and Western Europe, and explores the key historical themes of this period including race, religion and empire. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • Organized by century and geographic region, this highly visual reference uses hundreds of masterful pen-and-ink drawings to show how historical context and cultural connections can illuminate today. (worldcat.org)
  • On the basis of historical records, African-Americans from Chocó (Colombia) and the Garífunas (or "Black Carib") of Honduras are likely to have had very different demographic histories, with a significant founder effect in the formation of the latter. (nih.gov)
  • He was Member/Herodotus Fellow of the Princeton Institute of Advanced Studies , School of Historical Studies (2009), inaugural fellow of the Notre Dame Institute of Advanced Study/University (2010), fellow of the International Research Center for Comparative History of Religious Orders , Germany (2008), and research fellow of the Earhart Foundation (2013). (mu.edu)
  • Enlightened Monks was awarded the 2012 Gilmary Shea Award of the American Catholic Historical Association for the 'most distinguished and original' book on the history of the Catholic Church published in 2010/11. (mu.edu)
  • This timelessness allowed him to use real historical influences but also not worry about getting the history right. (tor.com)
  • During this period, several rulers attempted to unite the various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, an effort that led to the emergence of the Kingdom of England by the 10th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Early written descriptions also appeared in India in the 7th century and in Asia Minor in the 10th century. (cdc.gov)
  • People in the 15th century also wore gowns with a more casual low-necked cotehardie. (histclo.com)
  • In the 16th and 17th centuries, people were obsessed with the concept of mental illness. (preceden.com)
  • However, a recording after a century indicated that it was parish which was used as a basic unit in recording the collected tithes from people in the Domesday book. (zum.de)
  • Over the centuries, various migrating people invaded Romania. (romaniatourism.com)
  • Explore the everyday lives of the people of the past through our expansive collection of social history images. (rexfeatures.com)
  • During the period of the Atlantic slave trade (15th-19th centuries), millions of people were forced to move from Africa to many American destinations, changing dramatically the human landscape of the Americas. (nih.gov)
  • Throughout history, people have attributed scary looking and unfamiliar illnesses to dark forces, including witches and demons. (medicaldaily.com)
  • 17th Century-European settlers bring smallpox to North America. (cdc.gov)
  • The medicinal use of chocolate has a long history in North America dating to the 16th century. (drugs.com)
  • Hoods have been basic headwear throughout the history of clothing, with each period exhibiting its own distinctive style. (historicenterprises.com)
  • Disagreements continued between the Jews and the other residents of krakow during the 15th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • It is a treatise of the theology of the Jews living in Southern Arabia written by Nathanael Ibn al-Fayyumi in the twelfth century when the Jews of Yemen were undergoing persecution. (gorgiaspress.com)
  • Professor Green asks how thinking about the place of Jews and Muslims within the history of Europe transforms our understanding of the interface between Europe and the world, and challenges our understanding of what 'Europe' might mean. (history.ac.uk)
  • At the same time, it was in the 15th century that Europe exploded outward accross the globe. (histclo.com)
  • giubbetta [1] ) is a man's snug-fitting jacket that is shaped and fitted to the man's body which was worn in Spain and was spread to Western Europe from the late Middle Ages up to the mid-17th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • Crusades further contribute to the spread of smallpox in Europe with the European Christians moving to and from the Middle East during the next two centuries. (cdc.gov)
  • An extensive world of trade had existed in the Indian Ocean for centuries, to the virtual exclusion of Europe. (amazonaws.com)
  • He was of Turkish origin and lived in the Ottoman State during the time of its progressive expansion in the 15th century. (muslimheritage.com)
  • 7th Century-Arab expansion spreads smallpox into northern Africa, Spain, and Portugal. (cdc.gov)
  • It is obvious that the brilliance of Moslem thought for 800 years quickly disintegrated in the 15th Century. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Athelhampton's history and that of its inter-related families covers more than a thousand years. (athelhampton.co.uk)
  • Another 127 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1498, 1497, 1483 and 1557 are included under the topic Early Cabot History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • However, also five-million years of geological history have left their mark on this territory that, today, is abundant in plant and animal species. (flickr.com)
  • The Chinese have helped shape the history of the Malay peninsula for more than 600 years. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Another 171 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1242, 1491, 1600 and 1659 are included under the topic Early Mendosa History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. (houseofnames.com)
  • and after Baldred's decease, the see became successively a prey to the Picts, Scots, Saxons, Britons, and Danes, by whom it was eventually so reduced that little is known of its subsequent history for a period of nearly 500 years. (british-history.ac.uk)
  • As pilgrimage center par excellence and home to the See of Peter, the transformations in art in the Eternal City form a special lens through which we can understand the history, developments and ideals of the Christian faith. (stthomas.edu)
  • This History BA (Hons) degree spans the period from 1600 to the present, focusing mostly on the modern era. (lboro.ac.uk)
  • To support a conference on humanism in Rome in the 15th century, a period neglected because of previous scholarly attention paid to Quattrocento Florenceand Venice and Cinquecento Rome. (neh.gov)
  • The Norman dynasty established by William the Conqueror ruled England for over half a century before the period of succession crisis known as the Anarchy (1135-1154). (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the 15th Century, it has been a symbol of luxury, says author Kerri McCaffety in her new book on this home component. (chicagotribune.com)
  • From the 18th century to the 1960s it was the headquarters of the Border Regiment, one of the oldest in the British army. (english-heritage.org.uk)
  • 15-16th century beaker, found in the Siegburg Aulgasse (pottery workshop district) in the 1960s. (medievalwares.com)
  • 15-16th century jug, found in Raeren in the 1960s. (medievalwares.com)
  • The creative presentation of mid-century cooking continued in the 1960s, and Better Homes and Gardens' 1968 Christmas Tree Tuna recipe is no exception. (mccormick.com)
  • During the 15th century the economy of Southampton improved as a result of the Italian wool trade and the presence of many foreign merchants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the eighteenth century, Giambattista Vico (1668 - 1744) divided history into three ages in his New Science (1725): the age of gods, the age of heroes, and the age of humans. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Dr. Lehner serves on the advisory board of Eighteenth Century Thought , the Journal of Baroque Studies , the Oxford Handbooks of Religion-Series, and the Institute for Baroque Studies in Malta . (mu.edu)
  • Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century German Philosophers , Oxford Handbook on the Trinity , Oxford Handbook of Catholic Theology ). (mu.edu)
  • [5] Milton Meltzer's book, Slavery, A World History, is filled with pictures of ancient carvings, paintings and other artifacts clearly picturing slavery. (conservapedia.com)
  • Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. (houseofnames.com)
  • but in the post-Reformation annals few names of great significance occur though Archbishops Tait, Benson, and Temple in the latter half of the nineteenth century were men of broad and statesmanlike abilities. (ccel.org)
  • A different vision of early urban religiosity comes from the ancient site of Jericho, well known from a number of biblical passages and excavated repeatedly since the nineteenth century. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Martellus, a German cartographer working in Florence, used Ptolemy's geography and projections from the second century CE and modified them to reveal a greater swath of the earth's surface than almost any previous mapmaker had shown on a flat map. (neh.gov)
  • Written in Iceland a century after the close of the Viking Age, it tells ancient stories of the Norse creation epic and recounts the battles that follow as gods, giants, dwarves and elves struggle for survival. (google.com)
  • In what century did Christopher Columbus land in the New World? (studystack.com)
  • Christopher Columbus brought cucumbers to the Americas in the 15th century. (webmd.com)
  • The Milestones of Science" is a collection of first editions by world famous early scientists that form a veritable history of science, acquired in the late 1930s by the Museum of Science in Buffalo, New York, and now housed by the Buffalo and Erie County Public Library. (gmu.edu)
  • Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! (hotstream.org)
  • http://dft.ba/-vasco Crash Course World History is now available on DVD ! (wn.com)
  • http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! (wn.com)
  • The Belgian landscape has been a major European battleground for centuries, notably in modern times during the Battle of Waterloo (1815) and the 20th century's two world wars. (britannica.com)
  • The rise of fascist movement was the disastrous consequence of Italy's desire for colonial and military power, a history that the nation still confronts as it seeks to play a role in world politics. (google.com)
  • Sabuncuoglu is the author of several medical works, all written in Turkish language, testifying thus of the linguistic shift that happened in the 14th and 15th centuries: the progressive transformation of Turkish, but also of Persian, as languages of science and medicine, besides Arabic, which was almost the unique linguistic vehicle of knowledge in the Islamic world for centuries. (muslimheritage.com)
  • Kingdom Come: Deliverance is a massive open-world RPG, but it forgoes the dragons and magic to make room for history books instead. (playstationlifestyle.net)
  • While liberals claim or suggest that slavery in the U.S. was unusual, slavery is common and predominant in the vast majority of the world and throughout history. (conservapedia.com)
  • One of the most famous instances of slavery was in the American South , which was based on racial origin rather than debt payment until it was forcibly ended during the American Civil War (1861-65) - the only major war in world history fought over slavery. (conservapedia.com)
  • Until the end of the 15th century, the doublet was usually worn under another layer of clothing such as a gown, mantle, overtunic or jerkin when in public. (wikipedia.org)
  • Doublets of the 14th and 15th centuries were generally hip-length, sometimes shorter, worn over the shirt and hose , with a houppelande or other form of overgown. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you think the "Mona Lisa" and "The Last Supper" are all this Italian artist had up his artsy sleeves, then you should saunter over to the new exhibit at the Museum of Science and industry to check out Da Vinci's other work dating back, oh, about five centuries. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Situated on the Vistula River, the city dates back to the 7th century and has been one of the leading centers of Polish academic, cultural and artistic life. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Jewish history in the city can be traced back to the 14th or 15th century. (jewishvirtuallibrary.org)
  • Scrapbooking dates back to the 15th century. (dailystrength.org)
  • During the beginning of the 15th Century scientists developed greater understanding of the workings of human body and its disease processes. (news-medical.net)
  • Ballinalacken Castle Hotel is a romantic, peaceful oasis steeped in history and ambience. (ireland.com)
  • It stands beside 15th Century O'Brien Castle. (ireland.com)
  • The Magazine Gateway is an early 15th century gatehouse built by Henry, 3rd Earl of Leicester to guard the main entrance into The Newarke ('new works'), a religious precinct bordering Leicester Castle . (britainexpress.com)
  • Grigor Boykov holds a PhD in Ottoman history, granted by Bilkent University (Ankara) in 2013. (oeaw.ac.at)
  • Human Cost of Warfare: Population Loss during the Ottoman Conquest and the Demographic History of Bulgaria in the Late Middle Ages and Early Modern Era. (oeaw.ac.at)

No images available that match "history 15th century"