Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.
The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.
Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.
A former branch of knowledge embracing the study, description, and classification of natural objects (as animals, plants, and minerals) and thus including the modern sciences of zoology, botany, and mineralogy insofar as they existed at that time. In the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries it was much used for the generalized pursuit of certain areas of science. (Webster, 3d ed; from Dr. James H. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
An important aggregate factor in epidemiological studies of women's health. The concept usually includes the number and timing of pregnancies and their outcomes, the incidence of breast feeding, and may include age of menarche and menopause, regularity of menstruation, fertility, gynecological or obstetric problems, or contraceptive usage.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Genotypic differences observed among individuals in a population.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The discipline studying genetic composition of populations and effects of factors such as GENETIC SELECTION, population size, MUTATION, migration, and GENETIC DRIFT on the frequencies of various GENOTYPES and PHENOTYPES using a variety of GENETIC TECHNIQUES.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
A field of study concerned with the principles and processes governing the geographic distributions of genealogical lineages, especially those within and among closely related species. (Avise, J.C., Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species. Harvard University Press, 2000)
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
Double-stranded DNA of MITOCHONDRIA. In eukaryotes, the mitochondrial GENOME is circular and codes for ribosomal RNAs, transfer RNAs, and about 10 proteins.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Sexual maltreatment of the child or minor.
The genetic constitution of individuals with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes, or sets of genes that are closely linked and tend to be inherited together such as those of the MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Detection of a MUTATION; GENOTYPE; KARYOTYPE; or specific ALLELES associated with genetic traits, heritable diseases, or predisposition to a disease, or that may lead to the disease in descendants. It includes prenatal genetic testing.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The pattern of any process, or the interrelationship of phenomena, which affects growth or change within a population.
The writing of history; the principles, theory, and history of historical writing; the product of historical writing. (Webster, 3d ed)
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A theorem in probability theory named for Thomas Bayes (1702-1761). In epidemiology, it is used to obtain the probability of disease in a group of people with some characteristic on the basis of the overall rate of that disease and of the likelihood of that characteristic in healthy and diseased individuals. The most familiar application is in clinical decision analysis where it is used for estimating the probability of a particular diagnosis given the appearance of some symptoms or test result.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Functions constructed from a statistical model and a set of observed data which give the probability of that data for various values of the unknown model parameters. Those parameter values that maximize the probability are the maximum likelihood estimates of the parameters.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The regular and simultaneous occurrence in a single interbreeding population of two or more discontinuous genotypes. The concept includes differences in genotypes ranging in size from a single nucleotide site (POLYMORPHISM, SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE) to large nucleotide sequences visible at a chromosomal level.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The change in gene frequency in a population due to migration of gametes or individuals (ANIMAL MIGRATION) across population barriers. In contrast, in GENETIC DRIFT the cause of gene frequency changes are not a result of population or gamete movement.
The splitting of an ancestral species into daughter species that coexist in time (King, Dictionary of Genetics, 6th ed). Causal factors may include geographic isolation, HABITAT geometry, migration, REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, random GENETIC DRIFT and MUTATION.
The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Differential and non-random reproduction of different genotypes, operating to alter the gene frequencies within a population.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Abuse of children in a family, institutional, or other setting. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A characteristic symptom complex.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The systems and processes involved in the establishment, support, management, and operation of registers, e.g., disease registers.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Three or more consecutive spontaneous abortions.
Sexual activities of humans.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
The continuous sequence of changes undergone by living organisms during the post-embryonic developmental process, such as metamorphosis in insects and amphibians. This includes the developmental stages of apicomplexans such as the malarial parasite, PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.
The physical measurements of a body.
An educational process that provides information and advice to individuals or families about a genetic condition that may affect them. The purpose is to help individuals make informed decisions about marriage, reproduction, and other health management issues based on information about the genetic disease, the available diagnostic tests, and management programs. Psychosocial support is usually offered.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
The proportion of one particular in the total of all ALLELES for one genetic locus in a breeding POPULATION.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
A tumor suppressor gene (GENES, TUMOR SUPPRESSOR) located on human CHROMOSOME 17 at locus 17q21. Mutations of this gene are associated with the formation of HEREDITARY BREAST AND OVARIAN CANCER SYNDROME. It encodes a large nuclear protein that is a component of DNA repair pathways.
Female parents, human or animal.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
A single nucleotide variation in a genetic sequence that occurs at appreciable frequency in the population.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Any violation of established legal or moral codes in respect to sexual behavior.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Number of individuals in a population relative to space.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
Any detectable and heritable alteration in the lineage of germ cells. Mutations in these cells (i.e., "generative" cells ancestral to the gametes) are transmitted to progeny while those in somatic cells are not.
Incorrect diagnoses after clinical examination or technical diagnostic procedures.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the southeastern and eastern areas of the Asian continent.
The human male sex chromosome, being the differential sex chromosome carried by half the male gametes and none of the female gametes in humans.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The ceasing of existence of a species or taxonomic groups of organisms.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
A spectrum of pathological conditions of impaired blood flow in the brain. They can involve vessels (ARTERIES or VEINS) in the CEREBRUM, the CEREBELLUM, and the BRAIN STEM. Major categories include INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS; BRAIN ISCHEMIA; CEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE; and others.
Noises, normal and abnormal, heard on auscultation over any part of the RESPIRATORY TRACT.
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Persons who were child victims of violence and abuse including physical, sexual, or emotional maltreatment.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.

Reply to Ann Bradshaw. (1/38)

My original paper suggested that an ethics of care which failed to specify how, and about what, to care would be devoid of normative and descriptive content. Bradshaw's approach provides such a specification and is, therefore, not devoid of such content. However, as all ethical approaches suggest something about the 'what' and 'how' of care, they are all 'ethics of care' in this broader sense. This reinforces rather than undermines my original conclusion. Furthermore, Bradshaw's 'ethics of care' has philosophical and historical problems which I outline.  (+info)

A reply to Joseph Bernstein. (2/38)

Dr. Bernstein suggests that anti-vivisectionists should be able to fill in a directive requesting that they receive no medical treatment developed through work on animals. It is replied that this would only be reasonable if research not using animals had long been funded as adequately and its results were currently available.  (+info)

The history of confidentiality in medicine: the physician-patient relationship. (3/38)

The author of this article reviews the history of the confidentiality of medical information relating to patients from its roots in the Hippocratic Oath to the current codes of medical ethics. There has been an important shift in the basis for the demand for confidentiality, from a physician-based commitment to a professional ideal that will improve the physician-patient relationship and thus the physician's therapeutic effectiveness, and replace it with a patientbased right arising from individual autonomy instead of a Hippocratic paternalistic privilege.  (+info)

Experimentation on prisoners by the Japanese during World War II.(4/38)

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The 'four principles of bioethics' as found in 13th century Muslim scholar Mawlana's teachings. (5/38)

BACKGROUND: There have been different ethical approaches to the issues in the history of philosophy. Two American philosophers Beachump and Childress formulated some ethical principles namely 'respect to autonomy', 'justice', 'beneficence' and 'non-maleficence'. These 'four principles' were presented by the authors as universal and applicable to any culture and society. Mawlana, a great figure in Sufi tradition, had written many books which not only guide people how to worship God to be close to Him, but also advise people how to lead a good life to enrich their personality, as well as to create a harmonious society and a peaceful world. METHODS: In this study we examined the major works of Mawlana to find out which of these 'four principles of bioethics' exist in Mawlana's ethical understanding. RESULTS: We have found in our study that all these principles exist in Mawlana's writings and philosophy in one form or another. CONCLUSIONS: We have concluded that, further to Beachump and Childress' claim that these principles are universal and applicable to any culture and society, these principles have always existed in different moral traditions in different ways, of which Mawlana's teaching might be presented as a good example.  (+info)

ON THE ORIGIN OF THE HUMAN TREPONEMATOSES (PINTA, YAWS, ENDEMIC SYPHILIS AND VENEREAL SYPHILIS). (6/38)

A close relationship between the four human treponematoses is suggested by their clinical and epidemiological characteristics and by such limited knowledge of the treponemes as there is at present. No treponeme of this group (except for that of the rabbit) is known other than in man, but the human treponemes probably arose long ago from an animal infection. The long period of infectiousness of pinta suggests that it may have been the earliest human treponematosis. It may have been spread throughout the world by about 15 000 B.C., being subsequently isolated in the Americas when the Bering Strait was flooded. About 10 000 B.C. in the Afro-Asian land mass environmental conditions might have favoured treponeme mutants leading to yaws; from these, about 7000 B.C., endemic syphilis perhaps developed, to give rise to venereal syphilis about 3000 B.C. in south-west Asia as big cities developed there. Towards the end of the fifteenth century A.D. a further mutation may have resulted in a more severe venereal syphilis in Europe which, with European exploration and geographical expansion, was subsequently carried throughout the then treponemally uncommitted world. These suggestions find some tentative support in climatic changes which might have influenced the selection of those treponemes which still survive in humid or arid climates. Venereal transmission would presumably remove the treponeme from the direct influence of climate. The author makes a plea for further investigation of many aspects of this subject while this is still possible.  (+info)

THE USE OF HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF INFERTILITY AND OTHER GYNECOLOGICAL CONDITIONS. (7/38)

Hysterosalpingography was performed on 175 patients who had gynecological symptoms but negative pelvic findings, in order to test a new method of introducing the contrast medium into the uterus and tubes and to record the incidence of pathology revealed. In 132 patients, an attempt was made to secure a No. 14 Foley catheter in the uterus for introducing the contrast medium. This method was successful in 124 patients and can be recommended as being simple, less painful and more efficient than older methods. Of 156 patients with the complaints of infertility (68), dysmenorrhea (31), pelvic pain (29) or menstrual disorder (28), hysterosalpingography revealed significant abnormality in 58; most of these (47) had chronic salpingitis. One flare-up of pelvic inflammation occurred but no other complications were observed. It was concluded that hysterosalpingography is now sufficiently safe and reliable to merit wider utilization in gynecological diagnosis.  (+info)

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS IN THE USSR. (8/38)

The author sketches the history of Japanese encephalitis in the USSR, where it has been thoroughly studied since it first occurred in 1938. After a brief outline of its epidemiology, he describes the pathogenesis, the signs and symptoms, and the pathophysiological mechanisms that make this form of encephalitis so dangerous. He also discusses the diagnosis and the methods of treatment and prevention practised in the USSR.  (+info)

For over 90 years, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has established international sanitary policies, becoming the reference organization for intergovernmental standards in animal health, veterinary public health and animal welfare. Formed in response to a rinderpest (cattle plague) outbreak in Europe, the establishment of the OIE in 1924 demonstrated the necessity for intergovernmental collaboration in combating animal disease. Since then, the OIE has steadily expanded and developed its mandate based on the needs of its Member Countries, now grown to 181 in 2017. Originally named the Office International des Epizooties, the organization retained its historical acronym but officially changed its name to the World Organisation for Animal Health in 2003. This change reflected the breadth of the OIEs activities in protecting and improving animal health, such as its contribution to the global effort against antimicrobial resistance (AMR).. The primary mandate of the OIE is to ...
According to an aspect of the present invention, a medical article is provided which comprises a latex antimicrobial region. The latex antimicrobial region can constitute the entirety of the medical article, or it can constitute only a portion of the medical article. The latex antimicrobial region comprises release-modulating microparticles, which are dispersed within a latex polymer. The release-modulating microparticles further comprise an antimicrobial agent, and the microparticles are adapted to release the antimicrobial agent. Examples of medical articles that can be produced in accordance with the present invention are gloves, finger cots, supply and drainage tubes, catheters, condoms, and contraceptive diaphragms. Also described are methods for forming such articles.
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An anti-infective medical article has chlorhexidine bulk distributed throughout a polyurethane base layer and may have a coating layer on the base layer. The coating layer may be chlorhexidine permeated into the surface or it may be an antibiotic, antithrombogenic agent or a polymeric surface layer laminated onto the base layer. The invention includes a method for preparing the article wherein a homogeneous melt of polymer and chlorhexidine is prepared by twin screw compounding and the melt is extruded to give a medical article having bulk distributed chlorhexidine.
An anti-infective medical article has chlorhexidine bulk distributed throughout a polyurethane base layer and may have a coating layer on the base layer. The coating layer may be chlorhexidine permeated into the surface or it may be an antibiotic, antithrombogenic agent or a polymeric surface layer laminated onto the base layer. The invention includes a method for preparing the article wherein a homogeneous melt of polymer and chlorhexidine is prepared by twin screw compounding and the melt is extruded to give a medical article having bulk distributed chlorhexidine.
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A medical article securement device holds a medical article in position upon the body of a patient and can be used to inhibit lateral and longitudinal motion of the medical article. The securement device includes a retainer with a base and at least one post, and at least one cap. The cap is attached to the base of the retainer by a flexible connection, and can be placed into either a covered or uncovered configuration with respect to the post. The cap includes a recess which can receive a protrusion at the end of the post of the retainer. By placing the post through an appropriate opening in the medical article to be retained and then securing the medical article to the retainer by placing the cap into the covered position over the post, longitudinal and lateral motion of the medical article is inhibited.
Governments of the World Intellectual Property Organization on Tuesday appeared to be near a breaking point on the effort by developed countries to discuss possible improprieties and mismanagement by the WIPO director general and their effort to get him to resign.. The issue has clouded the entire 24 September to 3 October WIPO General Assemblies. At press time, negotiations were continuing, including through consultations at the ambassador level, according to a participant. The outcome could not be predicted, the source said.. According to a WIPO source, on Monday more than 60 governments spoke on the issue of Director General Kamil Idris change of his birth date in WIPO records from 1945 to 1954, which he did in 2006. An internal audit report and other investigations found concerns, which developed countries would like discussed at the assemblies level. Idris, originally from Sudan, has had support in the debates from the African Group of nations, with Algeria as its president. Idris was ...
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The papers in this issue of the Scientific and Technical Review (the Review) examine uses of modelling as a tool to support the formulation of disease control policy and applications of models for various aspects of animal disease management. Different issues in model development and several types of models are described. The experience with modelling during the 2001 foot and mouth disease outbreak in the United Kingdom underlines how models might be appropriately applied by decision-makers when preparing for and dealing with animal health emergencies. This paper outlines the involvement of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) in epidemiological modelling since 2005, with emphasis on the outcome of the 2007 questionnaire survey of model usage among Member Countries, the subsequent OIE General Session resolution and the 2008 epidemiological modelling workshop at the Centers for Epidemiology and Animal Health in the United States. Many of the workshop presentations were developed into ...
Before considering the evolution of the principal vector-borne diseases, we should remember certain key definitions. Here, the terms vector, (re)emerging disease and, finally, zoonosis are defined in accordance with the definitions of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (the Terrestrial Code). According to the Terrestrial Code, the word vector refers to any living vector (e.g. an insect or a tick) which carries an infectious agent from an infected individual to a susceptible individual, the food they consume or their immediate environment. This infectious agent may or may not spend part of its development cycle in the vector. If it does, this is known as biological transmission; if it does not, mechanical transmission. These two different modes of transmission have an impact upon the epidemiology of the infection or infestation ...
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Medical Article review - Essay Example cs and different types of benign tumours exhibit numerous morphological features that mislead and confuse pathologists who are making efforts by identifying the invasive endocervical adenocarcinoma. The authors of this article seek to present a detailed analysis of how to distinguish the endocervical adenocarcinoma from the malignant mimics and benign tumours. Being able to differentiate the cancerous adenocarcinoma in situ from the benign tumours is a critical move towards positive diagnosis of the different types of cervical cancer that women suffer. The authors define adenocarcinoma in situ in the first section of the article. This is denoted as a pre-cursor of the invasive cervical adenocarcinoma. According to the authors, there is evidence linking adenocarcinoma in situ and the human papilloma virus (HPV), specifically the HPV type 18. Usually, many patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in situ present no visible symptoms and the lesions are only ...
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The World Organisation of Culture of Health (WOCH) is the International social movement To Health via Culture (Russian: Междунаро́дное обще́ственное Движе́ние «К Здоро́вью че́рез Культу́ру»). 1 Historical development 2 International relations 3 Publishing activity 4 See also 5 References 6...
At the Front Door: Climate Change & Forest Fires - a column on climate change in our lives On a Wednesday morning just a few weeks ago, Bay Area residents woke up to a scene out of a dystopian movie. The sun hung low and red in a sky that looked like it too was.... ...
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Open letter to the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the World Health Organization Director General Dr Margaret Chan September 5 th, 2011 Dear United Nations Secretary General, Dear World
Professor Dr. Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is the Director General of the Islamic Research Institute and Professor of Shariah & Islamic Law at International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan, where he has been a Dean of the Faculty of Shariah and Law from 2010-14 and Chair of department of Shariah (Islamic Law) from 2008-2010. He was a Senior Fulbright Fellow and professor at the Edward B. Brueggeman Center for Dialogue at Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH, 2013-14. He holds Ph.D. (1998) in Comparative Fiqh (Islamic Law) from the Institute Superieuer du Theologie, Ezzituna University, in Tunis. He has had post-doctoral fellowships at the University of Glasgow, U.K. and other fellowships at the University of Deusto, Bilbao, Spain; and the University of Warsaw, Poland. He also taught and chaired the Islamic Law Dept. of Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, 1999-2008. He has produced several PhD, LLM M.Phill, MS and MA scholars. He is active member of various important International professional ...
Interview With Xu Jicheng, Director General of the Media Operation Department, Beijing 2022 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games ...
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Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba has announced the appointment of Thulani Mavuso as the acting Director General of the department.
I was at lunch the other day and there an older gentlemen sitting across from me. His cell phone rang and he had a customized Rihanna ringtone. Thats not even the funny part. I watched this middle aged man groove in his seat before he answered the phone. Trust me it was funny. If that clip was on YouTube it would have over 100,000 hits. In a way it reminded me of Benjamin Button. No matter how old we get, some part of us wants to be young. No matter how young we are, there are parts of us that want to be grown. The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a story about Benjamin Button (Brad Pitt) a baby that is born in the early 1900s. At his birth he doctors said his infant body resembled the body of an 80 year old man. The doctors predicted he would not live long. Somehow, Benjamin survives and seems to be getting younger as he gets older. Along the way he meets Daisy (Cate Blanchett) who befriends the old man. As Benjamin gets older ( or younger), his unusual life begins to cross paths with Daisy ...
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Part I of this essay can be read here.. In the first part of this essay, I outlined two conflicting opinions of conscientious Catholic thinkers on the question of whether Plan B causes early abortions. This second part summarizes the views of a secular authority on EC, James Trussell, and then sets forth my own conclusion on the issue.. The Arguments of James Trussell. Around the time that the German bishops released their statement on EC, James Trussell and Elizabeth G. Raymond published a paper entitled, Emergency Contraception: A Last Chance to Prevent Unintended Pregnancy. Trussell is the director of the Office of Population Research at Princeton University and is considered by some to be a world authority on the morning-after pill.. The paper does not present independent research on EC, but, rather, summarizes existing research. Addressing the mode of action of LNG, the paper cites four older studies (from 1974, 1979, 1983 and 1986) showing that LNG, used in combination with estrogen, can ...
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One of the most influential figures of American history, Benjamin Franklin is also famous for being a man of science and progress. Son of a Boston tallow chandl
The writer Bill Bryson talks to Brian Cox about his admiration for the US scientist, author and inventor Benjamin Franklin and his many achievements.
On April 17, 1790, The Pennsylvania Gazette announced the death of its 84-year-old founder, Benjamin Franklin. More than 20,000 people attended his funeral, about 70 percent of the people who lived in Philadelphia at the time. His coffin was carried by the most powerful men in the State of Pennsylvania and escorted to Christ Church by a crowd of citizens that included printers and members of the American Philosophical Society, which he had founded.
Benjamin Franklin was a founder in the field of American wit, as his rivalry with "Poor Richard's" competitor Titan Leeds shows.
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Thieme Atlas of Anatomy Neck and Internal Organs is the recipient of a 2007 Benjamin Franklin Award in the Professional/Technical category.
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Benjamin joined Hill Thalis in 2006 whilst completing his Bachelor Degree. In 2008 Benjamin graduated with a Maters of Architecture from the University of Technology, Sydney. Benjamin has travelled extensively in Europe and Asia with a keen interest in city-building, formation, and quality of life for people living in cities.. Benjamin has been project urban designer for a number of award winning and high profile public domain, urban design, and urban housing projects including:. Linking Canberra City to the Lake - Australia Award for Urban Design 2013 This wide-reaching master plan will transform central Canberra into a vibrant and complete modern capital. Extensive public programme throughout the plan is linked by high quality new streets and lanes converging on the West Basin waterfront - Canberras new urban water place, where all Australians can engage with the tremendous recreational and cultural assets surrounding Lake Burley Griffin.. Constitution Avenue Canberra The $42 million upgrade ...
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Having been to their offices in Paris and talked personally with the Head of the Animal Test Section, you would choke if you knew how many lobby groups attend that office daily. There is a steady stream of paid lobby groups that have one goal in life and that is to sway the Section Heads of each department within the OIE to suit the needs of different juristictions around the world, which curiously enough, also includes the USA and Canada. Anyone can go there and chat with them - providing they can privide valid cause to be let in. To say that the only goal of the OIE is animal health is actually only part of their function. They are more than that and my discussions with Dr. Diaz there has showed me that. But to blindly make a statement regarding what they do when you have no idea what they actually do is like eating the skin of the orange and not knowing what is actually under. Interstingly you state that the US Government applied pressure (to the OIE) I assume and that is a great example of ...
Publications of self-declaration of disease freedom are handled in an objective and transparent manner, governed by the Standard Operating Procedure here below.. Download the Standard Operating Procedure. OIE Members can also submit for publication, a self-declaration of an Equine Disease-Free Zone (EDFZ). The EDFZ contains an equine population or subpopulation with a specific health status with respect to certain equine diseases for which freedom is declared by the Veterinary Authority. Establishing an EDFZ is a risk-based approach which can be considered by OIE Members planning to host international horse sports competitions. By establishing an EDFZ, disease-risks in the zone can be mitigated in advance for horses to safely enter and return to their countries of origin or to other destinations. Guidelines to support countries in the establishment of an EDFZ and the publication of their self-declaration are available to download: OIE EDFZ guidelines. ...
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Department of Agriculture (DA) Secretary Proceso J. Alcala has ordered the temporary ban on the importation of livestock animals that may be susceptible to foot and mouth disease, their products and by-products, coming from Chungcheongbuk-Do, Korea; Jiangsu, China; and Caprivi, Namibia.. The temporary prohibition took effect through Memorandum Orders 98, 100 and 102, respectively, in December 2014 to protect the health of the local livestock population, and consequently, food safety in the country.. The directive was made following reports from the Office of International des Epizooties (OIE) of outbreak of FMD Virus of Serotype O affecting backyard piggery farms in China and Korea, and FMD Virus Serotype SAT2 affecting cattle kraals in Caprivi, Namibia.. We cannot afford to take chances. We are maintaining our reputation of being an FMD-free country so we are very vigilant of every possible entry of FMD-infected animals or animal products in the Philippines, Alcala said. ...
In accordance with the OIE procedure for official recognition of disease status, this page provides access to the List of OIE Members officially recognised as having a negligible or controlled bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) risk status by the OIE through the adoption of a resolution by the World Assembly of Delegates (Assembly) of the OIE at the General Session in May every year.. A Member wishing to be officially recognised as having a BSE risk status by the OIE should submit the questionnaire laid out in Chapter 1.6. of the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code (Terrestrial Code) and comply with all requirements specified in the Terrestrial Code for BSE. The OIE Scientific Commission for Animal Diseases (Scientific Commission) is responsible for undertaking, on behalf of the Assembly, the assessment of OIE Members applications for their compliance with OIE standards. The assessment carried out by the Scientific Commission is based on the recommendations formulated by a relevant ad hoc ...
Argentinian diplomat Rafael Mariano Grossi takes office as Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) this week after winning...
During the last few years, the organizational structure of SE Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant (INPP, enterprise) was changing. The main goal of those changes is to guarantee an effective enterprises activity planning and management, projects realization, as well as management of human and material resources.. By taking into consideration our stated objectives, that is safely and efficiently perform the main INPP activity - decommissioning process, we are creating and implementing the measures, which can raise an effectiveness of the enterprises activity organization and management. One of such measures is to improve INPP enterprises organizational structure by transition from nuclear facility operating organization into decommissioning performing subject, stated INPP Director General Darius Janulevičius.. On 1 January of this year, aiming to transform the process of repair, the Repair Service was established at the INPP, centralizing the enterprise implemented repair functions. This type of ...
As director general, Bob is the chief executive officer (CEO) of IRRI, who directly manages and administers its affairs in accordance with the policies and decisions of the board of trustees. As CEO and in close consultation with the IRRI Board of Trustees he sets the Institutes strategic direction. He is also a passionate spokesperson on a wide range of issues that affect rice growers and consumers worldwide ...
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Distinguished University Professor of Linguistics and Philosophy Emerita Barbara Partee has been awarded the 2020 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science for her foundational contributions that synthesize insights from linguistics, philosophy, logic, and psychology to understand how words and sentences combine to express meaning in human language, by the
The Benjamin Franklin National Memorial features a 20-foot (6.1 m) high marble statue, sculpted by James Earle Fraser. Originally opened in 1938, the Memorial was designed by architect John Windrim and modeled after the Pantheon in Rome. The Hall is 82 feet (25 m) in length, width, and height. The domed ceiling is self-supporting and weighs 1600 tons. The floors, walls, columns, pilasters, and cornices are made of marbles imported from Portugal, Italy, and France. The United States Congress designated the Hall and statue as the official Benjamin Franklin National Memorial on October 25, 1972. The Memorial was dedicated by Vice President Nelson Rockefeller in 1976. The Benjamin Franklin National Memorial is the only privately owned National Memorial in the country, and it is maintained by the museum. On December 30, 2005, Congress authorized the Institute to receive up to $10,000,000 in matching grants for the rehabilitation of the memorial and for the development of related exhibits.[22] In the ...
Cannabics files patent application with PCT authorities on methods for testing therapeutic effectiveness of cannabinoids for cancer patients
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John Hogue writes on the subjects of the occult, parapsychology, mysticism and prophecy. He is considered a world authority on Nostradamus and is the best-selling author of numerous books, including Nostradamus: The Complete Prophecies and Nostradamus: The New Millennium, The Millennium Book of Prophecy, The Last Pope, and Messiahs: The Visions and Prophecies for the Second Coming. His work has brought him international acclaim. He has been published in 18 languages and sold over one million copies worldwide. In addition, he has appeared on over 700 radio and television shows on three continents. ...
A global campaign against investment in fossil fuel industries is attracting a diverse entourage, including university students and staff. The movement is coagulating around anti-fossil fuel networks, such as Go Fossil Free, 350.org, as well as various local activist hubs such as Fossil Free ANU. Frustrated by government prevarication, the campaign avows to curb carbon emissions by pressuring investors to shun fossil fuel industries such as coal mining in the hope that they adopt more environmentally benign practices or go out of business.. The divestment movement has many opponents, including some university endowment fund trustees, who believe that divesting is financially irresponsible, ineffective in leveraging positive change, or unlawful. This seminar assesses these rival claims, especially the legal issues, and considers whether divestment should be pursued.. Professor Richardson is a leading world authority on this subject, and author of books such as Socially Responsible Investment Law ...
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Further tests are being done in Australia to confirm one likely to be positive case of measles in Samoa.This was confirmed by the Director General of the Ministry of Health, Leausa Dr. Take Naseri, yesterday saying that a total of 38 samples of suspected measles cases have been sent to Melbourn...
The $2 billion dollar-a-year South Korean dog and cat meat industry, which extinguishes the lives of approximately two and a half million dogs a year for meat or gaesoju, a dog wine or broth, and thousands of despised and doomed cats for so-called health tonics or goyangyeesoju, and soup, operates in a sordid and illicit world where farmers and butchers kill with frightening impunity in the most abominable fashion. Dogs are killed with high-voltage electrocution, which takes anywhere from thirty seconds to three minutes, hanged, and even beaten to death at the request of customers who believe the meat more tender and tastier the greater the suffering (one of the most pernicious of myths), and that the so-called medicinal properties are enhanced. They are most often killed within sight of their cage mates. They are then thrown into a tub of boiling water, often still alive, and then into a rotating drum for the removal of their fur, and finally blow torched. At Moran Market, South Koreas ...
This retrospective study showed the following results depicted in the modified graph bar. Patients who were negative in the beginning of the study had a reduction of colon cancer rates of 72% at the 10-year point when compared to those who had no colonoscopy. This is quite an astounding finding. Even at the 5-year point there was a reduction of colon cancer risk by 45% from a single colonoscopy. This would indicate that a person should have a colonoscopy at about the age of 50 to establish freedom of colon cancer. This could be repeated only every 10 years to ensure that no colon polyps and colon cancer develop in the meantime. This should be definitely done in patients who have a family history where colon cancer occurred in a first relative such as mother, father, brother or sister, where specialists say screening should be done every 3 years. In this familial form of colon cancer they should also have a colonoscopy done earlier (at age 40 or earlier). However, this data would indicate that in ...
Radiofrequency radiation (RFR), e.g. electromagnetic waves emitted by our cell phones and Wi-Fi, are referred to as non-ionizing. This means that in contrast to the ionizing radiation, which does induce ionization of water and biologically important macromolecules, RFR does not have a capacity for such effects. Unlike, for example X-rays, the energy of RFR is not enough to break electrons off the molecules. However, is RFR completely safe for public health? Traditionally, the.... Key words: Cancer; Electrohypersensitivity; Oxidative stress; Radiofrequency radiation ...
Florida Eye Microsurgical Institute offers treatment for conditions of the eye and for emergency eye wounds. Learn more about articles published by this Florida
Medicinal plants have therapeutic potential due to the presence of natural antioxidants functioning as reducing agents, free radical scavengers and quenchers of singlet oxygen. Majority of their antioxidant activity is due to bioactive compounds viz. flavones, isoflavones, flavonoids, anthocyanins, coumarins, lignans, catechins and isocatechins. Currently there has been an increasing interest to identify the antioxidants that are pharmacologically potent with low or no side effects for use in preventive medicine. Spices have been recognized to possess several medicinal properties (diuretic, expectorant, laxative, anti-bacterial, anti-pyretic etc.) and have been effectively used in the indigenous systems of medicine in India and other countries. Apart from the traditional use, a no. of beneficial physiological effects have been identified by extensive animal studies. Among these are their beneficial effects on lipid metabolism, efficiency as antidiabetics, ability to stimulate digestion and to ...
According to an upcoming article in the December 15th issue of Cancer (Cancer 2003;98) a research group from the Harvard Medical School, Boston, under Dr. Brian Liu describes a micro-dissection method where prostatic tissue from 17 suspected cancer patients were examined with a spectroscopic method for a new protein marker, the cellular protein PCa-24). This was found to be positive in 16 of the 17 samples. In contrast, 12 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (also known as BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy) showed no trace of this prostate cancer specific protein. As this protein is located inside the prostate cancer cell (it is a cellular protein), one has to obtain a tissue sample through a prostate biopsy. The group under Dr. Liu achieved this through laser capture micro-dissection Proteomics, which is the method that was used to characterize the prostate cancer specific protein (PCa-24), is briefly discussed under this link, but it is not necessary to understand all of the ...
Merck seeks FDA approval to market Gardasil against cervical cancer and genital warts prevention in women under the age of 45, and it has recently received the agency with data from a study in the opinion of the company indicates that the vaccine is effective for women aged 24-45 (Women s Health Policy Report.. Supported by the NIHhows Women Of Costa Rican HPV Vaccine little benefit for women over 40Merck HPV vaccine Gardasil helps block four of the most common strains of HPV - two types that cause 70 percent of cervical cancer cases and two other types causes 90 percent of genital warts.. Women older than 40 years are not likely to receive a substantial benefit from vaccination against the human papillomavirus, according to a study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, the New York Times reports published. Although HPV infection is more common among older women, the study found that the rate of newly diagnosed cases decreased with age, from 35 percent of cases in women aged 18 to 25 ...
Disclaimer: The material on this website has the intention of offering information as unbiased information only and is not intended to be complete. The authors of this website do not practice medicine, they are members of a support group. The intention is only to give information to patients and others about these disorders and the support that is available. We urge you to contact your doctor(s) before making any changes to your treatment. Some content copyright © 1998-2006 by the Australian Addisons Disease Association Inc. All rights reserved. , Design by Opencodez Themes ...
South Fork Animal Hospital, 340 Montauk Highway, Wainscott, NY 11975 , (631) 537-0035. Veterinary Website © VetNetwork, LLC - Contact VetNetwork ...
Heartworms are parasitic worms which live in susceptible host bodies (dogs and other canids, cats, ferrets and even sea lions and rarely humans) and are transmitted in a complicated life cycle via mos
A prosthesis is formed from a biocompatible material having one or more associated cell adhesion stimulating proteins. The biocompatible material can be a ceramic material or a carbon coated material. The cell adhesion stimulating protein can be a structural protein or a polypeptide growth factor, such as vascular endothelial growth factor. Viable cells can be adhered in vivo or in vitro to the biocompatible material with the cell adhesion stimulating protein.
Most patients with small vessel disease are treated with long-term medications, such as medications that widen blood vessels or anti-clotting drugs, as well as medications that control blood pressure, cholesterol, or underlying medical conditions such as diabetes that increase the risk of small vessel disease.
"EZGenerator Version History". Forte Downloads. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2011-06-16. "Home Page". e- ... "History". EZGenerator. Archived from the original on 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2011-06-16. "EZGenerator Specs". CNET. Retrieved ...
"History". Central California Area Office, New Melones. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 2011-07-25. Retrieved 2012-08-22. "History ... "Project History". New Melones Unit Project. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. 2009-04-07. Archived from the original on 2014-03-24. ... "History". Oakdale Irrigation District. Archived from the original on 2016-05-13. Retrieved 2017-02-15. " ... Johnson, Michelaina (2015). "Taming the Rapids: A Brief History of Development on the Stanislaus River" (PDF). South San ...
McClendon J. F. Bulletin American Museum of Natural History. Vol. XXII, 1906, p. 119. University of Pennsylvania, Graduate ...
"Valsad District Panchayat , About District , History". Valsaddp.gujarat.gov.in. 2009-04-25. Retrieved 2010-09-14. "Maa ...
"History". OSF St. Joseph Medical Center. Bloomington, Illinois: OSF Healthcare System. Retrieved November 12, 2011. "Central ...
"History". The Harnisch Foundation. Retrieved January 20, 2018. "About Book'em Foundation". bookem-kids.org. Retrieved 2017-05- ... also publishing a feature on her through its Women's History Month series. Also that month Harnisch hosted a workshop with ...
"History". Retrieved 9 March 2011. Harvey, David (1973). Social Justice and the City. London: Edward Arnold. pp. 128-9. Antipode ...
"History , QCWA". QCWA. Retrieved 30 January 2017. "Obituary - Ruth Beatrice Fairfax - Obituaries Australia". oa.anu.edu.au. ...
"History". milan18.org. Retrieved 27 February 2018. "17 Nations 15 Ships Demonstrate a Momentous 'Milap': Milan 2014 an ...
The History Press. ISBN 978-0-7509-5056-5. Crabb, Brian James (1997). The Sinking of the S.S. Khedive Ismail: In the Sea War ... The History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-5661-4. Fitzsimons, Peter (2002). Nancy Wake: The Inspiring Story of one of the War's ... The History Press. ISBN 978-0-7509-7950-4. Storey, Neil (2018). Women in the First World War. Shire Publications. ISBN 978-0- ... "History". First Aid Nursing Yeomanry. Retrieved 15 August 2020. Lee (2012), p. 30. Money Barnes, R. (1963). The Soldiers of ...
"History". Dunaway Gardens. Retrieved 2021-04-15. "Visit Georgia - Dunaway Gardens". www.visitgeorgiaonline.com. Retrieved 2021- ...
"History". www.chambersburgcardinals.com. "Wilson College to Start Baseball Program". Wilson College Athletics. "leaguelineup". ...
"History". "Information". Tali Rights. "הסכם שכר בין קשת ליוצרים". וואלה! ברנז'ה. 24 September 2007. "Tali-Reshet agreement". ...
"History". Belorusneft, beloil.by. Retrieved 12 June 2013. "Lukoil - Karta AES". Lukoil, lukoil.by. Retrieved 12 June 2013. ...
"History". Industrial Minerals. Archived from the original on 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2019-12-22. Tarring, Trevor (2013-06-06). " ...
History. www.greenleaf.org retrieved 2 Nov 2012 Greenleaf, R. K. (2002). Servant leadership: A journey into the nature of ...
Jenkins, Paul (1998). The Recovery of the West African Past: African Pastors and African History in the Nineteenth Century : C. ... ISBN 9789988029210.[permanent dead link] "NUPS-G KNUST>>PCG>>History". www.nupsgknust.itgo.com. Archived from the original on 7 ... Sundkler, Bengt; Steed, Christopher (4 May 2000). A History of the Church in Africa. Cambridge University Press. p. 719. ISBN ... "Akyem Abuakwa Presbytery Youth: PCG History". Akyem Abuakwa Presbytery Youth. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. ...
"History". Dccentralkitchen.org. Archived from the original on 2014-08-30. Retrieved 2014-10-02. Newmark, Craig (August 24, 2016 ...
"History". Bridge International Academies. Retrieved 2019-02-21. Cella, Katie (Mar 21, 2019). "Helping children to think for ... the highest in Bridge Kenya history. For the sixth year in succession, Bridge Kenya pupils outperformed the national average. [ ... the highest in Bridge Kenya history. For the sixth year in succession, Bridge Kenya pupils outperformed the national average. ... "History". 21 January 2013. https://www.right-to-education.org/resource/bridge-vs-reality-study-bridge-international-academies- ...
"Facts & History - About CI - CSU Channel Islands". www.csuci.edu. "WASC Accreditation - CSU Channel Islands". www.csuci.edu. " ... "History of Camarillo". www.venturaweekly.com. Retrieved October 31, 2019. Allen, Brad. "IMATION ANNOUNCES FURTHER MANUFACTURING ... "History". St. John's Seminary. Retrieved March 2, 2016. "Camarillo, California - City Information, Fast Facts, Schools, ...
"History of Caribe Hilton". Retrieved 8 November 2018. Marcus, Lilit (2 May 2019). "Celebrating the piña colada's birthplace". ... Klein, Christopher (16 June 2015). "The Birth of the Piña Colada". History. Retrieved 14 July 2019. "Pina Colada". IBA. ...
"History". www.centralbank.org.bz. "Past Governors". www.centralbank.org.bz. Central Banking Directory. Central Banking ...
"History". Cold Tofu. Retrieved 2017-03-31. "Training Center". Cold Tofu. Archived from the original on 2017-04-01. Retrieved ...
History, University of Maine, 1980. The History and Development of the New Brunswick Museum W. Austin Squires (Saint John, 1945 ... As a scientist, Ganong brought a special quality to the study of New Brunswick history, which featured an emphasis on map-based ... "History". The Botanic Garden of Smith College Northampton. April 30, 2010. Retrieved October 7, 2013. Department of Botany ... 3, The New Brunswick Museum, Saint John, N.B. (1945). The History of Miscou and Shippegan (1946) Champlain's Island: An ...
"Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850-2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived from the original (PDF) on ... "Party History". 20 November 2002. Archived from the original on 20 November 2002. Retrieved 24 April 2018. Bernstein, Alan and ... "History , Fort Bend County, TX". www.fortbendcountytx.gov. Retrieved 2018-07-06. E., JASINSKI, LAURIE (2010-06-12). "CINCO ... "Quail Valley's History: Golf, Special Events & Restaurant". www.golfquailvalley.com. Retrieved 2018-07-06. Company, One Design ...
"Grupo Industrial Bimbo History". Funding Universe. Archived from the original on December 31, 2012. Retrieved July 20, 2012. ... "History". Holsum. Archived from the original on January 10, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2019. Stagemeyer, Suzanna (February 3, ...
"History of The Olinga Foundation". Who We Are... The Olinga Foundation for Human Development. Retrieved 2009-10-25. In Ghana, ... Lee, Anthony A. (November 1997). "The Baha'i Church of Calabar, West Africa: The Problem of Levels in Religious History". ... History; Excerpts From the Lives of Some Early and Contemporary Baháʼís. Archived from the original on February 28, 2008. ...
Fool the World: The Oral History of a Band Named Pixies. St. Martin's Press, 2006. Howard, Jay R. and John M. Streck. " ... "History". River Church. September 10, 2008. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2010. "Stranded ... Religious history professor Randall Balmer attributed the company's demise to "idealism, marital difficulties, and financial ... The History and the Chronology: Volume One; however, the project collapsed when the head of the distribution company was ...
"History". Saint Mary's Church, Bridgwater. Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2011. CS1 maint ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "General History". The Bells of Saint Mary's Parish Church. Archived from the original ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "History". St Mary's Church. Retrieved 14 September 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged ...
History. Oxford Sandy & Black Pig Society. Accessed October 2015. History. Oxford Sandy & Black Pig Group. v t e. ...
... *Familial intracranial aneurysms are generally defined as the presence of two or more family members among ... Nearly 80% of patients with an Intracranial Aneurysm (IA) have a history of smoking at some time in their life. Not all ...
Melanoma is a health condition with a long history, dating back to early records in the 5th century BC. The following is a ... Ancient History. In approximately the 5th century BC, Hippocrates was the first to record a description of melanoma, which he ... Melanoma is a health condition with a long history, dating back to early records in the 5th century BC. The following is a ... Melanoma History. News-Medical, viewed 17 October 2019, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Melanoma-History.aspx. ...
But, their appeal goes beyond flavor when you consider their role in history and our health. ... History of Onions. Because onions are small and their tissues leave little or no trace, there is no conclusive opinion about ...
As a history major at Endicott College, you can pursue Massachusetts state teaching licensure by adding the secondary education ... History Electives (Cr: 6). (must be at the 300 level). *Aesthetic Awareness and Creative Expression General Education ... History majors may pursue Massachusetts state licensure by completing the secondary education concentration. In doing so, you ... If you want a high impact career teaching history, helping students understand how the past informs the present, you can add ...
Have no history of recent, active, moderate to severe atopic dermatitis.. *Be willing to have samples stored for research and ... Be at least 2 years of age and less than or equal to 21 years of age at the time of enrollment and have documented history of ... Study the natural history of diseases of allergic inflammation, focusing on subjects with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis ... Natural History of Diseases Associated With Allergic Inflammation: Atopic Dermatitis and Genetic and Congenital Diseases ...
History of Ebola Virus Diseaseplus icon *History of Ebola Outbreaks. *Ebola Virus Disease Distribution Map: Cases of Ebola ... The West African Ebola epidemic was the largest in history. It started with cases of EVD in the forested rural region of ... These are the first cases of EVD confirmed in Guinea since the 2014-2016 West Africa outbreak, the largest in history, was ... These are the first cases of EVD confirmed in Guinea since the 2014-2016 West Africa outbreak, the largest in history, was ...
Note: Due to the limited data on what the Borg consider their history this is more a history of Borg/Federation relations.) ...
The most part of human history has to do largely with humans. Many of the greatest events in history, outsiders had a hand in, ... Galactic/Earth History: A General Overview. Thousands of years ago, Earth was part of a great galactic alliance of worlds. The ... History taught them never to let their guard down. You never know what might happen, in a place as big as the galaxy. Then too ... Lots of history and culture and all kinds of kool stuff has been largely the work of visitors. There have been agents of the ...
Healthy Schools, CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
... history History of childhood History of education History of the family Labour history LGBT history Rural history Urban history ... Social history was contrasted with political history, intellectual history and the history of great men. English historian G. M ... Braudel combined history with geography, Bracher history with political science, Fogel history with economics, Gay history with ... "history with the people put back in." The chief subfields of social history include: Black history Demographic history Ethnic ...
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) surveillance strategic goals (https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/surveillance/default.html) address activities involving dissemination of surveillance information and access to data for public health action. The Respiratory Health Division within NIOSH published the first Work-Related Lung Disease (WoRLD) Surveillance Report in 1991 (https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/91-113/). This report presents data for asbestosis, coal workers pneumoconiosis, silicosis, byssinosis, exposure to cotton dust, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, toxic agents, dust diseases of the lung, and Black Lung compensation for 1968-1987.. In 2008, the seventh and final WoRLD Surveillance Report was published (https://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2008-143/). This report consists of two volumes and covers a time period between 1968 and 2004. Volume I has 17 subsections, each concerning a major disease category and (where available) related occupational exposures, and one ...
... The UK Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Discussion Group (NMRDG) was formed in 1964 to provide a forum for chemists ... The complete history of the NMR DG has been documented and provides information on past meetings, significant events and ...
Please feel free to send pictures of your pets enclosed or any visible health concernts to [email protected] prior your appointment ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Natural history.. Wikisource has original works on the topic: Natural History and ... Timeline of natural history. References[edit]. *^ With "natural history" articles more often published today in science ... London Natural History Society (1858), Birmingham Natural History Society (1859), British Entomological and Natural History ... Further information: List of natural history museums. Natural history museums, which evolved from cabinets of curiosities, ...
While my office hours are between 12-1pm, if you need something feel free to message me on Remind. Ill try to get back to you ASAP. On another note, you should have noticed a new assignment logged in PowerSchool. From this point forward, you will receive a weekly score of either a G or H. DO NOT WORRY ABOUT POINTS! You want to get a G which means you have received credit. If you received an H you have assignments that still need to be finished. Continue you to keep up the good work! You guys did great last week. ...
Agricultural History (1927-). United States.. *Agricultural History Review. A Journal of Agricultural and Rural History (1953 ... "Agricultural History, Rural History, or Countryside History?" Historical Journal 2007 50(2): 465-481. ISSN 0018-246X ... Jeremy Burchardt, "Agricultural History, Rural History, or Countryside History?" Historical Journal 2007 50(2): 465-481 ... Burchardt, Jeremy (2007). "Agricultural History, Rural History, or Countryside History?". The Historical Journal. 50 (2): 465- ...
Great History may refer to: The Great History, a 9th-century Arabic book by Muhammad al-Bukhari Lushi (book), a 12th-century ... Chinese book by Luo Mi (Luo Bi) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Great History. If an internal ...
History of Arbor Day. Arbor Day-which literally translates to "tree" day from the Latin origin of the word arbor-is a holiday ... 10 Famous Trees in History. 1. Anne Franks Chestnut Tree (Amsterdam, Netherlands) For the two years that Anne Frank remained ... It was the worst oil spill in U.S. history until ...read more ...
Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. ... McClellans Army of the Potomac fight to a standstill along a Maryland creek on the bloodiest day in American history. Although ... three-hitter beat the Atlanta Braves 2-0 and put an exclamation point on one of the greatest rookie seasons in baseball history ... and Union troops in the Civil War clash near Marylands Antietam Creek in the bloodiest single day in American military history ...
An Art History seminar (Art History 80-84) is not required, but is strongly encouraged. N.B.: Art History 1, 2, 3, and 4 may ... An Art History seminar (Art History 80-84) is not required, but is strongly encouraged. N.B.: Art History 1, 2, 3, and 4 may ... Art History 1, 21, 22, 25, 30, 31, 35. The program consists of two Art History courses (Art History 10 and 11), which may be ... Art History 1 is not prerequisite to Art History 2. Priority for enrollment is given to first- and second-year students. Dist: ...
... * 1. Reflections from the Web:Creating the September 11 Web Archive,br /,Spontaneous and immediate response to ... Turn on/turnn off.2 , Incredible value of a Web archive, preserves a vital piece of our social history? I bet the Brewster ... 6. Lessons Learned: September 11 Web Archive,br /,Web archives preserve a vital piece of our social history,br /, ...
Goalball Australia National Championships. A national goalball competition has been held in Australia annually since 1981for Senior Men and Senior Women. A Junior/Youth division was added in 1993, though not included every year due to lack of numbers. In 2013 Youth and Junior divisions were held separately. Numbers of teams and players in each division have fluctuated through the years, however the most recent championships held in Ipswich in 2015 saw four mens, three womens, three youth and four junior teams contest the championships.. Results ...
Forum for Family History. It is intended for anyone interested in St Helena family history and genealogy (incl. Ascension ... Basic resources relating to St Helena family history can be found on the Institutes homepage at http://www.st-helena.org. ... St Helena Family History is a Restricted Group with 697 members.. *St Helena Family History ... history. My Dad is George Riley (87 and still going strong!). He is the son of George Riley and Mabel May Carroll. Mabel May is ...
Queers in History is an encyclopedia written by Keith Stern of historically prominent people who were lesbian, gay, bisexual, ...
October is Family History Month. In 2001, Senator Orrin Hatch introduced a bill making October, Family History Month. Imagine ... Arbitration Browsable Images CEO Corner Collections Update Collection Update Digital Images Family History Family History ... October is Family History Month. October 14, 2014 By Steve Anderson Now that we are into the month of October and we all notice ... Family History Activities, Family History Month, Family Relations ... Stay current with genealogy and family history topics by ...
The largest floodplain forest restoration project in Granite State history is now complete along the Connecticut River in ... Planting History in New Hampshire. The largest floodplain forest restoration project in Granite State history is now complete ... Our History. It is who we are and how we work that has brought more than 65 years of tangible lasting results. Explore how ... Planting History More than 3,000 trees have been planted on 14 acres along the Connecticut River in Colebrook, NH. © Jeff ...
Infoplease knows the value of having sources you can trust. Infoplease is a reference and learning site, combining the contents of an encyclopedia, a dictionary, an atlas and several almanacs loaded with facts. Our editors update and regularly refine this enormous body of information to bring you reliable information ...
History: The present-day state of Alabama was originally inhabited by various indigenous peoples. Visible traces of their ... This Week in History. In these videos, find out what happened this week (or any week!) in history. ... History. Earliest peoples. The present-day state of Alabama was originally inhabited by various indigenous peoples. Visible ... Inspire your inbox - Sign up for daily fun facts about this day in history, updates, and special offers. ...
Our history dates back to 1965, when Frederick W. Smith designed a cutting-edge new system that would allow for the safe ... Our history dates back to 1965 when our CEO and Chairman Frederick W. Smith, then a Yale undergraduate, designed a cutting-edge ...
European Incursions into Native Lands In prehistoric times, the Mound Builders , a farming people, lived in the Iowa area. When Europeans first came to explore the region in the 17th cent., various Native American groups, including the Iowa , reputedly
  • He entered the PhD program in 2017 after earning his MA in History at the University of Utah. (bu.edu)
  • He spoke with WIRED about why he believes the long history of executions gone wrong deserves more attention in the current conversation about the death penalty in America. (wired.com)
  • A history of agriculture in Europe and America, (1925). (wikipedia.org)
  • Our four-part NEA Today series, Answering the Call: A History of the National Education Association, honors the legacy and impact of public education and educators in America. (nea.org)
  • Geographers have practiced historical geography with distinction for centuries, as illustrated by D. W. Meinig in his book, The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History , to name just one example. (esri.com)
  • The undergraduate and graduate programs provide students with a grounding in research and writing skills, and coursework in the history of the United States, Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and Asia. (csun.edu)
  • Agnes Burt graduated magna cum laude from The Catholic University of America in 2011 with a double major in history and English literature. (bu.edu)
  • The history of Christmas trees goes back to the symbolic use of evergreens in ancient Egypt and Rome and continues with the German tradition of candlelit Christmas trees first brought to America in the 1800s. (history.com)
  • It's kind of been a shock to all of us how these things developed," said Mr. Rogers, who was drawn to genealogical research by a search for his own family history. (nytimes.com)
  • The Department of History, California State University is deeply saddened to announce the death of Dr. Joyce L. Broussard, Professor of History on June 13, 2020. (csun.edu)
  • In the late 20th century there arose a new school, associated with the journal Rural History . (wikipedia.org)
  • Burchardt calls for a new countryside history, paying more attention to the cultural and representational aspects that shaped 20th-century rural life. (wikipedia.org)
  • She is studying 20th century U.S. history with Professor Bruce Schulman and is interested in modern American conservatism. (bu.edu)
  • Joshua Castillo studies 20th century African political history with a focus on the independence period. (bu.edu)
  • He studies 20th century labor history, with a focus on the Catholic Worker Movement. (bu.edu)
  • She is studying 19th and 20th century American history with Professor Louis Ferleger, with a particular interest in American legal and economic history. (bu.edu)
  • She is studying 20th century U.S. political history with Professor Schulman. (bu.edu)
  • At its inception, the field was based on the economic history of agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Burchardt (2007) evaluates the state of English rural history and focuses on an "orthodox" school dealing chiefly with the economic history of agriculture. (wikipedia.org)
  • Feeding the World: An Economic History of World Agriculture, 1800-2000. (wikipedia.org)
  • The main objective of this programme is the elaboration of a substantial piece of work that is worthy of publication and which makes an original contribution to the field of economic history. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The Department is home to by far the largest group of researchers in economic history in the UK and one of the largest in the world. (lse.ac.uk)
  • We also offer a wide chronological and geographical coverage of economic history, with specialists in almost every continent and any historical period from the medieval age onwards. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Our faculty have included among their research commitments the editorship of The European Review of Economic History and Economic History of Developing Regions . (lse.ac.uk)
  • Merit in LSE's MSc Economic History (Research). (lse.ac.uk)
  • Direct entry for applicants with a merit in an master's in economic history or a similar field (Economics, History, and so on) subject to sufficient knowledge of Economic History, will be considered. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Students are also accepted for the so-called 1+3 programme, a one year MSc in Economic History (Research) followed by a three year research programme. (lse.ac.uk)
  • African Economic History , published once a year by the African Studies Program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, focuses on recent economic change in Africa as well as the colonial and precolonial economic history of the continent. (jhu.edu)
  • Retrieved on October 17, 2019 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Melanoma-History.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • Jordan Goneau-Goncalves graduated from the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth in 2018, with a BA in History and a minor in Religious Studies. (bu.edu)
  • Kacie Harris entered the PhD program in 2018 after earning her MA in history from Clemson University. (bu.edu)
  • Her research focuses on transnational history in the Civil War era. (umass.edu)
  • Cornell is completing her first book manuscript, "Americans in the U.S. South and Mexico: A Transnational History of Race, Slavery, and Freedom, 1810-1925. (umass.edu)
  • The history of film spans over a hundred years, from the latter part of the 19th century to the present day. (princeton.edu)
  • This discussion focuses on the history of Uganda since the 19th century. (britannica.com)
  • Full-text manuscripts documenting African American history and culture from the early 19th through the 20th centuries. (archives.gov)
  • Charley Binkow studies 19th century social and intellectual history with professor Nina Silber. (bu.edu)
  • Questions here range from ancient history to history-in-the-making, political views to decisions of lawmakers, and present and past societies and how people relate to each other within their societies. (answers.com)
  • History taught them never to let their guard down. (angelfire.com)
  • History is often taught as part of primary and secondary education, and the academic study of history is a major discipline in university studies. (wikipedia.org)
  • These blended social studies classes are often taught by teachers who have some undergraduate background in history but who frequently have little knowledge of geography or GIS. (esri.com)
  • She returned to CSUN as a faculty member, where she taught courses in American history and historical methods for two decades. (csun.edu)
  • He entered the BU PhD program in 2016 after getting his BA in History from the University of Texas at Austin. (bu.edu)
  • He entered the PhD Program in 2016 after graduating from the University of Massachusetts Amherst in 2015 with a BA in History. (bu.edu)
  • A candidate for admission to the Honors Program must, in either the spring preceding or in the fall of his/her senior year, consult with a potential adviser and submit a written and in-person presentation to the whole Art History faculty of his/her proposed Honors project. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The History Department's faculty and graduate students conduct research on many different regions and periods of the world's history. (umass.edu)
  • This memorandum is written by CSUN's Department of History in response to EO1100 and EO1110 as they have been presented to faculty at CSUN. (csun.edu)
  • The Faculty History Project documents faculty members who have been associated with the University of Michigan since 1837, and the history of the University's schools and colleges. (umich.edu)
  • The CSUN History Department combines teaching and research at the highest levels with faculty having won some 18 Distinguished Teaching Awards and 12 Distinguished Publication awards from the University. (csun.edu)
  • This website is educationally constructed to reflect the process used when actually doing practical genealogy and family history research. (academic-genealogy.com)
  • Promote scholarly educational access to all key worldwide Internet genealogy and family history databases, and all related resources. (academic-genealogy.com)
  • Stay current with genealogy and family history topics by reading the FamilySearch blog. (familysearch.org)
  • Children and adolescents between 1 month and 21 years of age who have a documented history of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The complete history of the NMR DG has been documented and provides information on past meetings, significant events and notable people involved with the NMRDG over the years. (rsc.org)
  • Learn more about NEA's rich history, from welcoming Black members four years before the Civil War and electing a woman as president a full decade before Congress granted women the right to vote, to the 1966 merger with the American Teachers Association during the height of the Civil Rights Movement. (nea.org)
  • Currently, most schools teach history as a distinct subject in the first three years of secondary school before pupils choose their GCSE options at 14. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • we think this should be at least three years of history teaching by a specialist. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The Library of Congress presents "a retrospective of the major personalities, events, and achievements that shaped the NAACPâ s history during its first 100 years. (archives.gov)
  • Couch's A History of the Fishes of the British Islands was salvaged from a library fire over 100 years ago, and it now sits on my shelves. (archive.org)
  • HAMISH ROBERTSON: Well now to some forgotten history, more than two hundred years ago, Britain and France were engaged in a race to colonise what was thought to be unclaimed territory in Australia. (abc.net.au)
  • American conservatives have been complaining for years about the teaching of American history to our impressionable youth. (motherjones.com)
  • Questions about Chinese people, events, customs and cultures, including the various Chinese dynasties in existence throughout nearly 5000 years of China's history. (answers.com)
  • Retrieved on May 15, 2021 from https://www.news-medical.net/health/Antibody-History.aspx. (news-medical.net)
  • The goal of this project is to provide an inviting space for the community to share, explore, and connect with each other through diverse Nikkei experiences, culture, and history. (cyndislist.com)
  • In doing so, you will be eligible to receive a license to teach History, grades 5-12, in Massachusetts. (endicott.edu)
  • It is impossible to let some Russophobe shit-stinker (govnyuk), or just any amoral type, teach Russian history. (motherjones.com)
  • The mission of the History Department is to teach students to think independently, read critically, and write persuasively, so they more deeply understand the complexities of the past and engage constructively with today's world's as informed citizens. (csun.edu)
  • She received a BA and MA in History from CSUN, and went on to get a Ph.D. from USC. (csun.edu)
  • She worked with Dr. Ronald L.F. Davis on the Natchez Courthouse Records Project, and on numerous occasions led groups of CSUN students to Natchez to undertake research and learn about the complex history of the American South. (csun.edu)
  • Students at CSUN study History because. (csun.edu)
  • If you are not receiving emails from the department office and/or are not subscribed to the "History Student" Canvas page, please email [email protected] . (csun.edu)
  • His dissertation focuses on the history of conversion therapy. (bu.edu)
  • Handbook, how-to-guide and manual of professional family history & genealogy research sites . (academic-genealogy.com)
  • Natural history encompasses scientific research but is not limited to it. (wikipedia.org)
  • My name is Moira Allen, I am just beginning to research my family history. (yahoo.com)
  • Here is the list of websites you are to use: http://fabpedigree.com/james/mathmen.htm#top http://www.buzzle.com/articles/famous-women-mathematicians.html http://personal.ashland.edu/~dwick/courses/history/math_bios.pdf http://www.maths.tcd.ie/pub/HistMath/People/RBallHist.html Now that you have done your research and gathered your information, choose how you can best present this to your classmates. (slideshare.net)
  • History is "disappearing" from state schools as growing numbers of head teachers view it as a worthless subject, according to research. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Second, and more specifically, my collection affords the opportunity to immerse myself into the history of my chosen field, to better understand the research and researchers who came before me. (archive.org)
  • In higher education, geographers and historians are integrating historical and geographic research agendas using spatial analysis and new geographic technologies-and the potentially transformative implications of this work for both history and geography are clear and exciting. (esri.com)
  • This capacity to combine space and time in one integrated system has profound implications for research and education in history and geography. (esri.com)
  • Many history teachers are beginning to grasp the significance of incorporating a spatial dimension across multiple scales into historical research and education, despite the barriers of vested interests and outmoded curricula in many of their schools. (esri.com)
  • Just as the microscope and DNA sequencing, for example, have revolutionized research and education in biology, making the work of Carl Linnaeus and Charles Darwin ever more important to modern biology and medical applications, so too do new geographic technologies, such as GIS and real-time interactive GPS/GIS technology, have the potential to extend rather than displace traditional research and teaching in geography and history. (esri.com)
  • Research requires an awareness of the history of disability and how attitudes and terminology have changed over time. (nationalarchives.gov.uk)
  • The History Department combines teaching and research at the highest levels. (csun.edu)
  • His research interests include the history of sexuality, religion and the environment. (bu.edu)
  • I came to the history of statecraft through training in the history of science, and the history of science has deeply informed my professional interests and research approach. (rand.org)
  • Providing articles & links to help people research the history and lifestyles of their Australian ancestors. (cyndislist.com)
  • Includes the Timeline of African American History, 1852-1925. (archives.gov)
  • BSL is the creation of the British Deaf community and this exhibition traces is history from the earliest references to signing in Britain until the present day - and into the future. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Discover the history of the Christmas tree, from the earliest winter solstice celebrations to Queen Victoria's decorating habits and the annual lighting of the Rockefeller Center tree in New York City. (history.com)
  • The Nature Conservancy in New Hampshire (TNC NH) and the Connecticut River Conservancy (CRC) recently completed the largest floodplain forest restoration project in the state's history. (nature.org)
  • It should spur Florida's leaders and educators to foster more awareness of our state's rich but often neglected history. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • It is the generational historian's approach to the study of the history of families worldwide, establishing comprehensive evidence based family studies within and about the lines of descent from the researched ancestry. (academic-genealogy.com)
  • To study the natural history of diseases of allergic inflammation, such as atopic dermatitis or genetic disorders associated with allergic inflammation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Historians also debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present. (wikipedia.org)
  • The modern study of history is wide-ranging, and includes the study of specific regions and the study of certain topical or thematic elements of historical investigation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Along with his contemporary Thucydides, he helped form the foundations for the modern study of human history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms , including animals , fungi , and plants , in their natural environment, leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of nature revived in the Renaissance , and quickly became a third branch of academic knowledge, itself divided into descriptive natural history and natural philosophy , the analytical study of nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, while natural history is most often defined as a type of observation and a subject of study, it can also be defined as a body of knowledge, and as a craft or a practice, in which the emphasis is placed more on the observer than on the observed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Definitions from biologists often focus on the scientific study of individual organisms in their environment, as seen in this definition by Marston Bates: "Natural history is the study of animals and Plants-of organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • In historiography , rural history is a field of study focusing on the history of societies in rural areas . (wikipedia.org)
  • In Europe , the study of rural history is supported by the European Rural History Organisation (ERHO). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Program will consist of an advanced project of study under Art History 90-91 (only one of which may be counted as part of the major), taken during two consecutive terms in the senior year. (dartmouth.edu)
  • In order that students may have an opportunity to study art history in direct contact with original works of art, the Department conducts a Foreign Study Program during the spring term. (dartmouth.edu)
  • In the latest study, the Historical Association found widespread evidence that history was being marginalised at all stages of secondary education. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In a further conclusion, the study found that some schools were preventing 13 and 14-year-olds from choosing history as one of their GCSEs. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • This program offers a series of award-winning lesson plans that use places listed in the National Register to enliven the study of history, social studies, and geography. (nps.gov)
  • This is a Library of Congress resource guide for the study of black history and culture. (archives.gov)
  • In many ways, the history of civilization is the history of chemistry - the study of matter and its properties. (livescience.com)
  • In modern terms, natural philosophy roughly corresponded to modern physics and chemistry , while natural history included the biological and geological sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • Springer Briefs in Molecular Science: History of Chemistry presents concise summaries of historical topics covering all aspects of chemistry, alchemy, and chemical technology. (springer.com)
  • For a detailed treatment of Uganda's early history and of the country in its regional context, see Eastern Africa, history of. (britannica.com)
  • Curtis Rogers enjoys helping people solve family history puzzles. (nytimes.com)
  • Investigators converted the assailant's DNA to the kind of profile that family history websites such as 23andMe are built on, and uploaded it to GEDmatch.com, a free site open to all and beloved by genealogical researchers seeking to find biological relatives or to construct elaborate family trees. (nytimes.com)
  • Some genealogists find that notion profoundly problematic, given the many ethical and privacy issues that have emerged as investigators have come to rely on a privately owned family history site to solve crimes. (nytimes.com)
  • information that provides family history and genealogy records. (academic-genealogy.com)
  • St Helena Family History is a Restricted Group with 697 members. (yahoo.com)
  • In 2001, Senator Orrin Hatch introduced a bill making October, Family History Month. (familysearch.org)
  • Sections for family history, general health history, and electronic signatures are included to help you collect all the information you need before the patient's first appointment. (formstack.com)
  • Historians and history teachers are starting to understand key aspects of GIS, such as its ability to integrate, analyze, and visualize large amounts of spatial and temporal data from multiple disciplines and sources. (esri.com)
  • Recent advances in GIS can help historians tackle the issue of explaining the historical construction of space, says Stanford University historian Richard White in the forward for Placing History: How Maps, Spatial Data, and GIS Are Changing Historical Scholarship . (esri.com)
  • History also includes the academic discipline which uses narrative to describe, examine, question, and analyze a sequence of past events, and investigate the patterns of cause and effect that are related to them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rural history emerged as a distinct discipline from agricultural history in the 1980s and was inspired by the French Annales school which favoured integrating economic, social and political history. (wikipedia.org)
  • He also points out that spatial history not only fosters collaboration within the discipline but essentially requires it. (esri.com)
  • If you want a high impact career teaching history, helping students understand how the past informs the present, you can add the secondary education concentration. (endicott.edu)
  • History majors may pursue Massachusetts state licensure by completing the secondary education concentration. (endicott.edu)
  • Melanoma is a health condition with a long history, dating back to early records in the 5th century BC. (news-medical.net)
  • And they certainly thought it worked far better, as I've mentioned, in theory than in practice, and were very much glad that that sort of history was long over with. (angelfire.com)
  • The term cholera has a long history (see history section below) and has been assigned to several other diseases. (medicinenet.com)
  • The history of science is itself a field long defined by "great man histories," especially stories of Western European men. (rand.org)
  • As a graduate student in the aughts, the default language requirements for doctoral students in the history of science were German and French, indicative of long-standing traditions in historiography and assumptions about whose stories were worth telling. (rand.org)
  • Mao had had a long history with the Chinese communist party. (answers.com)
  • She studies modern European intellectual history with Professor Jonathan Zatlin and is interested in how both Germans and Russians conceptualized authoritarianism. (bu.edu)
  • To be eligible for the Honors Program, a student must have achieved by the end of the junior year a 3.2 general College average and a 3.4 average in all Art History courses. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Its journal Annales focuses attention on the synthesizing of historical patterns identified from social, economic, and cultural history, statistics, medical reports, family studies, and even psychoanalysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • From medical histories to appointment details to insurance information, a lot of data needs to be collected when a new patient arrives at your door. (formstack.com)
  • What medical history indicates gout? (medscape.com)
  • Dr Richard Harris, history lecturer at Southampton University, told the Times Educational Supplement that some children were getting just 38 hours of history teaching a year compared with 200 at other schools. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Led by Alun Howkins , [3] it links rural Britain to a wider social history. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many secondary schools are squeezing existing three-year history courses into just two or merging the subject with geography to form generic "humanities" lessons, it was claimed. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • At the same time, 31 per cent of schools merged history with geography to form humanities lessons in 2010. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Esri's gift of free GIS software for all K-12 schools in the United States opens up new horizons for teaching not only geography but also history to American students. (esri.com)
  • Over the past few decades, changes in school curricula have often substituted a mushy blend of "social studies" for rigorous, stand-alone courses in geography and history, as well as other core subjects. (esri.com)
  • Most of them can benefit by integrating GIS into both their history classes and the geography components of their social studies courses. (esri.com)
  • This synergistic development should come as no surprise, as geography has traditionally had its longest and deepest interactions with history. (esri.com)
  • They are also revealing new possibilities for education and a better understanding of our world in both history and geography. (esri.com)
  • As part of the celebration, this site showcases historic properties listed in the National Register, National Register publications , and National Park units commemorating the events and people, the designs and achievements that help illustrate African American contributions to American history. (nps.gov)
  • This is the site of the future National Museum of African American History, which is scheduled to be completed in 2015. (archives.gov)
  • This site links to black history information in libraries across the country. (archives.gov)
  • The meaning of the English term "natural history" (a calque of the Latin historia naturalis ) has narrowed progressively with time, while, by contrast, the meaning of the related term "nature" has widened (see also History below). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Oral History Center at the University of Louisville has digitized and made available online a series of interviews conducted in the 1970s to document the life of African Americans in Louisville. (archives.gov)
  • Patrick Browne earned his BA in English in 1994 and MA in History in 1996 from the University of Massachusetts Amherst. (bu.edu)
  • Christina Carrick entered the BU PhD program in 2011 after completing her BA in History at the University of Indianapolis in 2010. (bu.edu)
  • Late in the war, the military came for chicken, too: "In the spring of 1945, the War Food Administration requisitioned almost 100 percent of the production in the Delmarva peninsula (spanning Delaware, Maryland and Virginia), a major poultry-producing area," says Dr. Ashton Merck, history instructor at Duke University. (history.com)
  • History" is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. (wikipedia.org)
  • A number of academic journals and learned societies exist to promote rural history. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Initially focused predominantly on the social history of rural life and later became increasingly interested in cultural history . (wikipedia.org)
  • Incredible value of a Web archive, preserves a vital piece of our social history? (slideshare.net)
  • and social history. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Art History majors must complete a Major Worksheet, to be filed with the Department. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Collecting and managing a patient's health history is key to accurate diagnosis and successful treatment. (formstack.com)
  • For his new book, Gruesome Spectacles: Botched Executions and America's Death Penalty , Austin Sarat, a professor of jurisprudence and political science at Amherst College researched the history of botched executions in the United States. (wired.com)
  • J. Seth Anderson studies twentieth century American history with Professor Bruce Schulman. (bu.edu)
  • He is studying American antebellum and Civil War history with Professor Nina Silber. (bu.edu)
  • She studies Early American History with Professor Brendan McConville. (bu.edu)
  • She studies U.S. environmental history with Professor Sarah Phillips, and interested in conservation issues, environmental law and policy, and all things water. (bu.edu)
  • History was borrowed from Latin (possibly via Old Irish or Old Welsh) into Old English as stær ("history, narrative, story"), but this word fell out of use in the late Old English period. (wikipedia.org)
  • The National Register of Historic Places is pleased to promote awareness of and appreciation for the historical accomplishments of African Americans during African American History Month. (nps.gov)
  • Her prize-winning article, "Citizens of Nowhere: Fugitive Slaves and African Americans in Mexico, 1833-1857" appeared in the Journal of American History (September 2013). (umass.edu)
  • The following requirements apply to Art History as either the primary or secondary department of a modified major. (dartmouth.edu)
  • A copy of this statement must be filed with the Art History Department along with the major card. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Four courses, selected in consultation with the Art History adviser, will be taken in the secondary (modifying) department(s), with whatever prerequisites they require. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Four Art History courses selected in consultation with the adviser in the primary department. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Art History minors must complete a Minor Worksheet, which is available in the Department office. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Follow the links on this page to learn about the history of the department. (amnh.org)
  • Great History may refer to: The Great History, a 9th-century Arabic book by Muhammad al-Bukhari Lushi (book), a 12th-century Chinese book by Luo Mi (Luo Bi) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Great History. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2. Student Page Title Introduction Task Process Evaluation Conclusion Credits [ Teacher Page ] You each have something in common with some of the most important figures in the history of mathematics, a name. (slideshare.net)