A genus in the family TOMBUSVIRIDAE mostly found in temperate regions. Some species infecting legumes (FABACEAE) are reported from tropical areas. Most viruses are soil-borne, but some are transmitted by the fungus Olpidium radicale and others by beetles. Carnation mottle virus is the type species.
The mallow family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. Members include GOSSYPIUM, okra (ABELMOSCHUS), HIBISCUS, and CACAO. The common names of hollyhock and mallow are used for several genera of Malvaceae.
An order of the ANGIOSPERMS, subclass Rosidae. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.
A species of the Chenopodium genus which is the source of edible seed called quinoa. It contains makisterone A and other STEROIDS, some having ECDYSTEROID activity on insects.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. Members contain CITRIC ACID; MALATES; ANTHOCYANINS; FLAVONOIDS; GLYCOSIDES; DIETARY FIBER; and LIGNANS. Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS. Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES.
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE.
Gram-negative organisms including apparently free-living saphrophytes as well as mammalian and avian parasites, and possibly pathogens.
A MOLYBDENUM requiring enzyme that catalyzes the terminal reaction in the oxidative degradation of SULFUR AMINO ACIDS with the formation of a sulfate. A deficiency of sulfite oxidase results in sulfocysteinuria.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Material prepared from plants.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The protoplasm and plasma membrane of plant, fungal, bacterial or archaeon cells without the CELL WALL.
Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Low-molecular-weight end products, probably malondialdehyde, that are formed during the decomposition of lipid peroxidation products. These compounds react with thiobarbituric acid to form a fluorescent red adduct.
Diseases of plants.
The sequence at the 3' end of messenger RNA that does not code for product. This region contains transcription and translation regulating sequences.
Proteins that form the CAPSID of VIRUSES.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.

Diversity and varietal classification of Hibiscus syriacus L. with the heterogeneity within retrotransposon-like elements. (1/76)

Retrotransposons are present in multi-copy numbers that are integrated into plant genomes with considerable heterogeneous sequences within a single plant and between plant species, which allows the use of retrotransposons as additional sources of DNA polymorphism. A primer design for the sequence-tagged specific site and cleaved amplified polymorphic sequences (STS-CAPs) that are derived from retrotransposon-like sequences was developed for the molecular marker analysis in Hibiscus syriacus. This method was applied for the detection of sequence variations of intact retrotransposons that exist in plant genomes, which resulted in higher polymorphisms than in the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Through STS-CAPs, specific fingerprinting data among H. syriacus varieties can be easily distinguished and generated with reproducible results. It could also be adapted to any species that possess multi-copy retrotransposons for varietal identification as well as the assessment of genetic relationships.  (+info)

The p23 protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus is indispensable for host-specific replication. (2/76)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) possesses a novel open reading frame (ORF) which encodes a putative 23-kDa protein (p23). We report here the in vivo detection of p23 and demonstrate its essential role in viral replication. The expression of p23 could be detected in protein extracts from transfected kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) protoplasts and in HCRSV-infected leaves. Further, direct immunoblotting of infected kenaf leaves also showed the presence of p23, and transient expression in onion and kenaf cells demonstrated that the protein is distributed throughout the cell. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that mutations introduced into the ORF of p23 abolished viral replication in kenaf protoplasts and plants but not in Chenopodium quinoa L. The loss of function of the p23 mutant M23/S33-1 could be complemented in trans upon the induced expression of p23 from an infiltrated construct bearing the ORF (pCam23). Altogether, these results demonstrate that p23 is a bona fide HCRSV protein that is expressed in vivo and suggest that p23 is indispensable for the host-specific replication of HCRSV. In addition, we show that p23 does not bind nucleic acids in vitro and does not act as a suppressor of posttranscriptional gene silencing in transgenic tobacco carrying a green fluorescent protein.  (+info)

Covariation in the capsid protein of hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus induced by serial passaging in a host that restricts movement leads to avirulence in its systemic host. (3/76)

Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV) from naturally infected Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. loses virulence in its experimental systemic host Hibiscus cannabinus L. (kenaf) after serial passages in a local lesion host Chenopodium quinoa. Here we report the genetic changes responsible for the loss of virulence at the molecular level. A remarkable covariation of eight site-specific amino acids was found in the HCRSV capsid protein (CP) after serial passages in C. quinoa: Val(49)-->Ile, Ile(95)-->Val, Lys(270)-->Arg, Gly(272)-->Asp, Tyr(274)-->His, Ala(311)-->Asp, Asp(334)-->Ala, and Ala(335)-->Thr. Covariation of at least three of the eight amino acids, Val(49), Ile(95), and Lys(270), caused the virus to become avirulent in kenaf. Interestingly, the nature of the covariation was consistent and reproducible at each serial passage. These data indicate that the nonsynonymous substitutions of amino acids in the HCRSV CP after serial passages in C. quinoa are not likely to be random events but may be due to host-associated positive selection or accelerated genetic drift. The observed interdependence among the three amino acids leading to avirulence in kenaf may have implications for structural or functional relationships in this virus-host interaction.  (+info)

Digestibility and dry matter intake of diets containing alfalfa and kenaf. (4/76)

Two experiments were conducted to determine the dietary value of pellets containing kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus cv. 'Everglade 41') hay. Averaged across both experiments, kenaf pellets contained 82.6% kenaf hay, 16.6% liquid molasses, and 0.8% mineral oil. The chemical composition of the kenaf pellet was 12.6% crude protein (CP), 41.2% neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and 14.4% acid detergent fiber (ADF). In Exp. 1 (digestion and N balance trial), 18 lambs (body weight [BW] = 36.4 kg) were blocked by BW. Lambs were randomly assigned within a block to Diet 1 (59.5% corn and 40.5% alfalfa pellet), Diet 2 (59.7% corn, 28.4% alfalfa pellets, and 11.9% kenaf pellets), or Diet 3 (59.6% corn, 16.5% alfalfa pellets, and 23.9% kenaf pellets). Diets were formulated so that CP was the first-limiting nutrient. Each diet was limit-fed at 2.4% of BW. Replacing alfalfa pellets with kenaf pellets tended to decrease (P = 0.10) CP and ADF intakes, but increased (P = 0.01) DM digestibility. Diet had no effect (P = 0.33) on N balance. In Exp. 2 (dry matter [DM] intake trial), 32 lambs (BW = 30.4 kg) were blocked by gender and BW. Within a block, lambs were randomly assigned to one of four diets in a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Main effects were hay (bermudagrass or fescue) and supplemental protein source (kenaf or alfalfa pellets). Lambs were housed in individual pens with ad libitum access to the assigned hay. Supplemental protein was fed (185 g of DM) once daily. Hay intake was measured weekly for 8 wk. Lambs consumed more (P = 0.002) fescue than bermudagrass hay (743 vs 621 g/ d). Lambs fed fescue hay gained weight more rapidly (P = 0.001) than lambs fed bermudagrass hay (120 vs 72 g/d). Hay intake and ADG were similar (P = 0.90) for lambs fed alfalfa or kenaf pellets. Kenaf hay mixed with molasses and mineral oil can be formed into a pellet. In the diets used in this experiments, kenaf pellets can replace alfalfa pellets in diets fed to lambs without altering forage intake, gain, or N retention.  (+info)

Synergism of the 3'-untranslated region and an internal ribosome entry site differentially enhances the translation of a plant virus coat protein. (5/76)

The use of internal ribosome entry sites (IRESs) is one of the unorthodox mechanisms exploited by viruses to initiate the translation of internal genes. Herein, we report a plant virus exploiting an IRES and its 3'-untranslated region (UTR) to express its internal genes, notably the 3'-proximal viral coat protein gene. Hibiscus chlorotic ringspot virus (HCRSV), a positive-strand non-polyadenylated RNA virus, was demonstrated to harbor a unique 100-nucleotide (nt) IRES, located 124 nt upstream of the coat protein gene, that could function in wheat germ extract, rabbit reticulocyte lysate, and mammalian cells. In comparison with other known IRESs of picornaviruses and eukaryotic mRNAs, this 100-nt IRES is distinctively short and simple. The IRES activity was tested in homologous and heterologous bicistronic constructs, and the expression of the 3'-proximal gene was enhanced when the 3'-UTR was present. When the IRES element was bisected, each half still possessed IRES activity and could initiate internal translation on its own. Site-directed mutagenesis and deletion analyses revealed that the primary sequence within the 5' half was crucial for IRES activity, whereas the primary sequence of the second half and a GNRA motif were non-essential. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing a mechanism whereby an IRES, located in the 3' portion of the virus genome, co-operates with the 3'-UTR to enhance gene expression differentially.  (+info)

Effect of maturity on macromineral content of selected leafy vegetables. (6/76)

Macro mineral contents were estimated in commonly consumed green leafy vegetables in India, namely; Koyyathotakura and Peddathotakura (varieties of Amaranthus species); Erragogu and Tellagogu (variety of Hibiscus species); Gangabayalakura (Portulaca olereceo) and Palak (Spineces olerecea) at three different stages of maturity. Varietal differences were also observed. The results of the study showed that as the plant matured from stage I (15 days) to stage II (30 days) calcium and magnesium content increased. In contrast, phosphorus content decreased as the plant matured. Varietal differences were also observed at different stages of maturity. The results also indicated that the consumption of green leafy vegetables at stage I (15 days) and stage II (30 days) potentially provide the greatest amount of minerals.  (+info)

Genetic diversity of Hibiscus tiliaceus (Malvaceae) in China assessed using AFLP markers. (7/76)

Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers were used to investigate the genetic variations within and among nine natural populations of Hibiscus tiliaceus in China. DNA from 145 individuals was amplified with eight primer pairs. No polymorphisms were found among the 20 samples of a marginal population of recent origin probably due to a founder effect. Across the other 125 individuals, 501 of 566 bands (88.5%) were polymorphic, and 125 unique AFLP phenotypes were observed. Estimates of genetic diversity agreed with life history traits of H. tiliaceus and geographical distribution. AMOVA analysis revealed that most genetic diversity resided within populations (84.8%), which corresponded to results reported for outcrossing plants. The indirect estimate of gene flow based on phiST was moderate (Nm=1.395). Long-distance dispersal of floating seeds and local environments may play an important role in shaping the genetic diversity of the population and the genetic structure of this species.  (+info)

Paralogy and orthology in the MALVACEAE rpb2 gene family: investigation of gene duplication in hibiscus. (8/76)

A sample of the second largest subunit of low-copy nuclear RNA polymerase II (rpb2) sequences from Malvaceae subfamily Malvoideae suggests that rpb2 has been duplicated early in the subfamily's history. Hibiscus and related taxa possess two rpb2 genes, both of which produce congruent phylogenetic patterns that are largely concordant with cpDNA topologies. No evidence of functional divergence or disruption was found among duplicated copies, suggesting that long-term maintenance of duplicated copies of rpb2 is usual in this lineage. Therefore, this gene may be suitable for the potential diagnosis of relatively old polyploid events. One probable pseudogene was found in Radyera farragei and a single chimeric sequence was recovered from Howittia trilocularis, suggesting that the rpb2 locus is not as prone to evolutionary processes that can confound phylogenetic inferences based on nDNA sequences. The pattern of relationships among rpb2 sequences, coupled with chromosome number information and Southern hybridization data, suggests that an early polyploid event was not the cause of the duplication, despite independent evidence of paleopolyploidy in some members of Malvoideae. Rpb2 exons and introns together are suitable for phylogenetic analysis, producing well-resolved and well-supported results that were robust to model permutation and congruent with previous studies of subfamily Malvoideae using cpDNA characters.  (+info)

Carmovirus is a genus of viruses in the family *Tombusviridae*, which infect plants. The name "Carmovirus" is derived from the initials of the plant it was first isolated from, **C**harlock **A**rtichoke **M**osaic **Virus**. These viruses have a single-stranded, positive-sense RNA genome and are transmitted by beetles and through mechanical means such as contaminated tools or hands.

Carmoviruses cause symptoms such as mosaic patterns, leaf curling, and stunting in infected plants. They replicate in the cytoplasm of host cells and form viral inclusion bodies called **X**-**bodies**. Examples of Carmoviruses include:

* Carmovirus (CarMV)
* Cardamine chlorotic fleck virus (CCFV)
* Poplar mosaic virus (PopMV)
* Turnip crinkle virus (TCV)

It's important to note that medical professionals and researchers in human health may not encounter the term "Carmovirus" frequently, as it primarily relates to plant virology.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Malvaceae" is not a medical term. It is a taxonomic category in botany, referring to the mallow family of plants, which includes over 4,000 species. Some plants in this family have been used in traditional medicine, but Malvaceae itself does not have a specific medical definition.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Rosales" is not a medical term. It is a botanical term used in the classification of plants. Rosales is an order of flowering plants that includes roses, as well as many other plants such as apples, cherries, almonds, and strawberries. The plants in this group are characterized by having flowers with multiple stamens and styles. I hope this clarifies any confusion. If you have any medical terms you would like defined, please let me know!

Chenopodium quinoa is commonly known as "quinoa." It is not a true grass or cereal grain, but rather a pseudocereal that is closely related to beets and spinach. Quinoa is native to the Andean region of South America and has been cultivated and consumed for thousands of years by indigenous peoples in this region.

Quinoa is a highly nutritious food that is rich in protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It contains all nine essential amino acids, making it a complete protein source. Quinoa is also gluten-free, which makes it a popular alternative to wheat and other grains for people with celiac disease or gluten intolerance.

The seeds of the quinoa plant are typically cooked and consumed as a grain, and they have a mild, nutty flavor and a fluffy texture when cooked. Quinoa can be used in a variety of dishes, including salads, pilafs, stir-fries, and breakfast cereals. It is also commonly used as a stuffing for vegetables or meat dishes.

Quinoa has gained popularity in recent years due to its numerous health benefits and versatility in cooking. It is now widely available in grocery stores and health food stores around the world.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Hibiscus" is not a medical term. It is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Some hibiscus species are used in traditional medicine and food products, but there isn't a single medical definition associated with the term "Hibiscus."

For example, Hibiscus sabdariffa, also known as roselle, is often used in herbal teas and has been studied for its potential health benefits. Some research suggests it may help lower blood pressure, but more studies are needed to confirm these findings and understand the mechanism of action.

If you're looking for information on a specific medical aspect related to hibiscus or its extracts, please provide more context so I can give you a more accurate response.

Gymnema, also known as Gymnema sylvestre, is a woody climbing shrub native to the tropical forests of India and Africa. In traditional medicine, extracts from the leaves of this plant have been used for centuries to help manage diabetes, primarily by reducing sugar cravings and lowering blood sugar levels.

The active components in Gymnema are believed to be a group of triterpenoid saponins called gymnemic acids. These compounds have been shown to interfere with the ability of the tongue to taste sweetness, which may help reduce the desire for sugary foods and beverages. Additionally, gymnemic acids have been found to slow the absorption of glucose in the intestines, which can help regulate blood sugar levels after meals.

While Gymnema has a long history of use in traditional medicine, more research is needed to fully understand its potential health benefits and risks. It's important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new supplement regimen, especially if you have a medical condition like diabetes or are taking prescription medications.

Acholeplasmataceae is a family of bacteria that are characterized by their lack of a cell wall and their ability to grow without the need for sterols, which are required by many other related bacterial groups. These organisms are typically found in various environments such as soil, water, and the mouths of animals. They are gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, and have a unique morphology with a distinct polar tuft of flagella that allows them to move. Some members of this family can cause diseases in animals, but their role in human health is not well understood.

Sulfite oxidase is a medical term that refers to an enzyme found in the human body, primarily in the liver and brain. This enzyme plays a crucial role in the metabolism of sulfur-containing amino acids, such as methionine and cysteine.

Sulfite oxidase catalyzes the conversion of sulfites to sulfates, which is an essential step in the detoxification of sulfur-containing compounds. The enzyme requires molybdenum and heme cofactors for its activity. A deficiency in this enzyme can lead to a rare genetic disorder known as sulfite oxidase deficiency, which is characterized by developmental delay, seizures, and severe neurological symptoms.

Phytotherapy is the use of extracts of natural origin, especially plants or plant parts, for therapeutic purposes. It is also known as herbal medicine and is a traditional practice in many cultures. The active compounds in these plant extracts are believed to have various medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, or sedative effects. Practitioners of phytotherapy may use the whole plant, dried parts, or concentrated extracts to prepare teas, capsules, tinctures, or ointments for therapeutic use. It is important to note that the effectiveness and safety of phytotherapy are not always supported by scientific evidence, and it should be used with caution and preferably under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

"Plant preparations" is not a term with a specific medical definition in the field of medicine or pharmacology. However, it is commonly used to refer to various forms of plant material that have been prepared for medicinal use. This can include dried and powdered plant parts, such as leaves, roots, or flowers, as well as extracts or concentrates made from plants. These preparations may be used in traditional medicine or as the basis for modern pharmaceuticals. It is important to note that the safety, effectiveness, and quality of plant preparations can vary widely, and they should only be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare provider.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "flowers" is not a term that has a medical definition. The term "flowers" is commonly used to refer to the reproductive structures of flowering plants (angiosperms), which are characterized by having both male and female reproductive organs or separate male and female flowers.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health conditions, I would be happy to try to help answer those for you!

I believe there may be a slight misunderstanding in your question. "Plant leaves" are not a medical term, but rather a general biological term referring to a specific organ found in plants.

Leaves are organs that are typically flat and broad, and they are the primary site of photosynthesis in most plants. They are usually green due to the presence of chlorophyll, which is essential for capturing sunlight and converting it into chemical energy through photosynthesis.

While leaves do not have a direct medical definition, understanding their structure and function can be important in various medical fields, such as pharmacognosy (the study of medicinal plants) or environmental health. For example, certain plant leaves may contain bioactive compounds that have therapeutic potential, while others may produce allergens or toxins that can impact human health.

A protoplast is not a term that is typically used in medical definitions, but rather it is a term commonly used in cell biology and botany. A protoplast refers to a plant or bacterial cell that has had its cell wall removed, leaving only the plasma membrane and the cytoplasmic contents, including organelles such as mitochondria, chloroplasts, ribosomes, and other cellular structures.

Protoplasts can be created through enzymatic or mechanical means to isolate the intracellular components for various research purposes, such as studying membrane transport, gene transfer, or cell fusion. In some cases, protoplasts may be used in medical research, particularly in areas related to plant pathology and genetic engineering of plants for medical applications.

A plant stem is not typically defined in a medical context, but rather in the field of botany. However, I can certainly provide a general biological definition for you.

In plants, stems are organs that serve primarily as support structures, holding leaves, flowers, and fruits aloft where they can receive sunlight and exchange gases. They also act as conduits, transporting water, nutrients, and sugars made during photosynthesis between the roots and shoots of a plant.

The stem is usually composed of three main tissue systems: dermal, vascular, and ground. The dermal tissue system forms the outermost layer(s) of the stem, providing protection and sometimes participating in gas exchange. The vascular tissue system contains the xylem (which transports water and nutrients upward) and phloem (which transports sugars and other organic compounds downward). The ground tissue system, located between the dermal and vascular tissues, is responsible for food storage and support.

While not a direct medical definition, understanding the structure and function of plant stems can be relevant in fields such as nutrition, agriculture, and environmental science, which have implications for human health.

Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) is not a medical term per se, but rather a method used to measure lipid peroxidation in biological samples. Lipid peroxidation is a process by which free radicals steal electrons from lipids, leading to cellular damage and potential disease progression.

The TBARS assay measures the amount of malondialdehyde (MDA), a byproduct of lipid peroxidation, that reacts with thiobarbituric acid (TBA) to produce a pink-colored complex. The concentration of this complex is then measured and used as an indicator of lipid peroxidation in the sample.

While TBARS has been widely used as a measure of oxidative stress, it has limitations, including potential interference from other compounds that can react with TBA and produce similar-colored complexes. Therefore, more specific and sensitive methods for measuring lipid peroxidation have since been developed.

A plant disease is a disorder that affects the normal growth and development of plants, caused by pathogenic organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites, or nematodes, as well as environmental factors like nutrient deficiencies, extreme temperatures, or physical damage. These diseases can cause various symptoms, including discoloration, wilting, stunted growth, necrosis, and reduced yield or productivity, which can have significant economic and ecological impacts.

3' Untranslated Regions (3' UTRs) are segments of messenger RNA (mRNA) that do not code for proteins. They are located after the last exon, which contains the coding sequence for a protein, and before the poly-A tail in eukaryotic mRNAs.

The 3' UTR plays several important roles in regulating gene expression, including:

1. Stability of mRNA: The 3' UTR contains sequences that can bind to proteins that either stabilize or destabilize the mRNA, thereby controlling its half-life and abundance.
2. Localization of mRNA: Some 3' UTRs contain sequences that direct the localization of the mRNA to specific cellular compartments, such as the synapse in neurons.
3. Translation efficiency: The 3' UTR can also contain regulatory elements that affect the translation efficiency of the mRNA into protein. For example, microRNAs (miRNAs) can bind to complementary sequences in the 3' UTR and inhibit translation or promote degradation of the mRNA.
4. Alternative polyadenylation: The 3' UTR can also contain multiple alternative polyadenylation sites, which can lead to different lengths of the 3' UTR and affect gene expression.

Overall, the 3' UTR plays a critical role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression, and mutations or variations in the 3' UTR can contribute to human diseases.

Capsid proteins are the structural proteins that make up the capsid, which is the protective shell of a virus. The capsid encloses the viral genome and helps to protect it from degradation and detection by the host's immune system. Capsid proteins are typically arranged in a symmetrical pattern and can self-assemble into the capsid structure when exposed to the viral genome.

The specific arrangement and composition of capsid proteins vary between different types of viruses, and they play important roles in the virus's life cycle, including recognition and binding to host cells, entry into the cell, and release of the viral genome into the host cytoplasm. Capsid proteins can also serve as targets for antiviral therapies and vaccines.

A viral RNA (ribonucleic acid) is the genetic material found in certain types of viruses, as opposed to viruses that contain DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). These viruses are known as RNA viruses. The RNA can be single-stranded or double-stranded and can exist as several different forms, such as positive-sense, negative-sense, or ambisense RNA. Upon infecting a host cell, the viral RNA uses the host's cellular machinery to translate the genetic information into proteins, leading to the production of new virus particles and the continuation of the viral life cycle. Examples of human diseases caused by RNA viruses include influenza, COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2), hepatitis C, and polio.

A base sequence in the context of molecular biology refers to the specific order of nucleotides in a DNA or RNA molecule. In DNA, these nucleotides are adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). In RNA, uracil (U) takes the place of thymine. The base sequence contains genetic information that is transcribed into RNA and ultimately translated into proteins. It is the exact order of these bases that determines the genetic code and thus the function of the DNA or RNA molecule.

Virus replication is the process by which a virus produces copies or reproduces itself inside a host cell. This involves several steps:

1. Attachment: The virus attaches to a specific receptor on the surface of the host cell.
2. Penetration: The viral genetic material enters the host cell, either by invagination of the cell membrane or endocytosis.
3. Uncoating: The viral genetic material is released from its protective coat (capsid) inside the host cell.
4. Replication: The viral genetic material uses the host cell's machinery to produce new viral components, such as proteins and nucleic acids.
5. Assembly: The newly synthesized viral components are assembled into new virus particles.
6. Release: The newly formed viruses are released from the host cell, often through lysis (breaking) of the cell membrane or by budding off the cell membrane.

The specific mechanisms and details of virus replication can vary depending on the type of virus. Some viruses, such as DNA viruses, use the host cell's DNA polymerase to replicate their genetic material, while others, such as RNA viruses, use their own RNA-dependent RNA polymerase or reverse transcriptase enzymes. Understanding the process of virus replication is important for developing antiviral therapies and vaccines.

Molecular sequence data refers to the specific arrangement of molecules, most commonly nucleotides in DNA or RNA, or amino acids in proteins, that make up a biological macromolecule. This data is generated through laboratory techniques such as sequencing, and provides information about the exact order of the constituent molecules. This data is crucial in various fields of biology, including genetics, evolution, and molecular biology, allowing for comparisons between different organisms, identification of genetic variations, and studies of gene function and regulation.

Yemen) Hibiscus diversifolius- swamp hibiscus Hibiscus elatus - mahoe Hibiscus engleri - wild hibiscus Hibiscus erlangeri ( ... Hibiscus lilacinus - lilac hibiscus Hibiscus liliiflorus - Rodrigues tree hibiscus Hibiscus lunariifolius Hibiscus ... Cameron's hibiscus, pink hibiscus Hibiscus cannabinus L. - Kenaf Hibiscus clayi O.Deg. & I.Deg.- Hawaiian red hibiscus (Hawaii ... largeleaf rosemallow Hibiscus macropodus Hibiscus makinoi - Okinawan hibiscus Hibiscus malacophyllus Balf.f. (Yemen) Hibiscus ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is found only in Yemen. Its natural habitat is ... Miller, A. (2004). "Hibiscus diriffan". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T44997A10963719. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004. ... Hibiscus, Endemic flora of Socotra, Least concern plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Hibisceae ...
The Hibiscus Apartments (also known as the Hibiscus Garden Apartments) was a historic site in West Palm Beach, Florida. It was ... Macy's currently occupies the space where the Hibiscus Apartments once existed. It was located at 619 Hibiscus Street and on ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is found only in Yemen. Its natural habitat is ... "Hibiscus stenanthus Balf.f." Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. Retrieved August ... Miller, A. (2004). "Hibiscus stenanthus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T45004A10970008. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK. ... Hibiscus, Endemic flora of Socotra, Least concern plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, Taxa named by Isaac Bayley ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to seasonally dry tropical areas of Mexico ... "Hibiscus uncinellus Moc. & Sessé ex DC". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 28 March 2023. ... Menzel, Margaret Y.; Fryxell, Paul A.; Wilson, F. Douglas (1983). "Relationships Among New World Species of Hibiscus Section ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Hibiscus, ...
... , the swamp hibiscus, is a widespread species of hibiscus. It grows to between 1 and 2 metres in height, ... "New South Wales Flora Online: Hibiscus diversifolius". Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia. "Hibiscus ... Hibiscus diversifolius in West African plants - A Photo Guide. v t e v t e v t e (Flora of Australia ID not in Wikidata, ... "Hibiscus diversifolius". New Zealand Plant Conversation Network. Retrieved 10 March 2009. van Leeuwen JF, et al. (November 2008 ...
"Themes". Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. Retrieved 2018-08-26. "Purple Hibiscus Themes from LitCharts , The ... Bell-Gam, Ruby A. (2004). "Purple Hibiscus Review". H-AfrTeach. Retrieved 2008-03-15. "Themes Explored in Purple Hibiscus - ... Purple Hibiscus is a novel written by the Nigerian author Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie. Her debut novel, it was first published by ... Purple Hibiscus at H-Net Reviews (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles that ...
... is a species of plant in the family Malvaceae. It is a shrub native to Ethiopia and southern Somalia. It was ... Thulin, M. (2017). "Hibiscus erlangeri (amended version of 1998 assessment)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e. ... Retrieved 19 June 2023.title has extraneous text Hibiscus erlangeri (Gürke) Thulin. Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 19 ... Hibiscus, Near threatened plants, Flora of Ethiopia, Flora of Somalia, Plants described in 1903, Taxonomy articles created by ...
Cranberry hibiscus is a member of a perennial group known as hardy hibiscus. In contrast to the tropical hibiscus, hardy ... Hibiscus acetosella is also known colloquially as false roselle, maroon mallow, red leaved hibiscus, and red shield hibiscus. ... Hibiscus acetosella, the cranberry hibiscus or African rosemallow, is a flowering plant of the family Malvaceae. The epithet ... Contrary to similar species such as the Hibiscus sabdariffa, the calyx or sepals of Hibiscus acetosella is non-fleshy and not ...
... , the yellow hibiscus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to much of ... "Hibiscus panduriformis Burm.f." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 7 October 2022. "Yellow ... Fern, Ken (20 July 2022). "Useful Tropical Plants Hibiscus panduriformis". tropical.theferns.info. Tropical Plants Database. ... Hibiscus, Flora of West Tropical Africa, Flora of Northeast Tropical Africa, Flora of West-Central Tropical Africa, Flora of ...
lukei Mwachala & Cheek - central Kenya Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. vitifolius - entire range "Hibiscus vitifolius L." Plants of ... Hibiscus vitifolius, the grape-leaved mallow or tropical rose mallow, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. ... Common name: ... Tropical Fanleaf, Five-winged capsule rose-mallow Fern, Ken (20 July 2022). "Useful Tropical Plants Hibiscus ... The following subspecies are accepted: Hibiscus vitifolius subsp. ...
... , the splendid hibiscus, is a species of flowering shrub or tree in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Other ... "Hibiscus splendens". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian ... Floyd, A.G., Rainforest Trees of Mainland South-eastern Australia, Inkata Press 1989, ISBN 0-909605-57-2 "Hibiscus splendens". ... Hibiscus, Malvales of Australia, Trees of Australia, Flora of New South Wales, Flora of Queensland, Ornamental trees). ...
"Founder of Cockettes, Hibiscus, Dead of GRID", Advocate (345): 12, June 1982, archived from the original on 2016-03-03 Hibiscus ... Waxman Meets Hibiscus", New York Native "Cockettes founder Hibiscus dies in New York; 300 other cases reported; Kaposi research ... both Harris/Hibiscus and Tornabene were dead before Krassner posted this statement. Hibiscus, whose full beard, vintage dresses ... Hibiscus died of Kaposi's sarcoma due to complications from AIDS on May 6, 1982, at St. Vincent's Hospital in New York City. He ...
"Hibiscus hirtus in Tropicos". Hibiscus hirtus at letsplant.org. Media related to Hibiscus hirtus at Wikimedia Commons Data ... Hibiscus hirtus or Lesser Mallow is a species of Hibiscus found in India. It is an perennial deciduous shrub with a maximum ... related to Hibiscus hirtus at Wikispecies (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, ... Articles with 'species' microformats, Commons category link is on Wikidata, Hibiscus). ...
... , commonly called flower-of-an-hour, bladder hibiscus, bladder ketmia, bladder weed, puarangi and venice mallow ... The flowers of Hibiscus trionum can set seed via both outcrossing and self-pollination. During the first few hours after ... Buttrose, M. S.; Grant, W. J. R.; Lott, J. N. A. (1977). "Reversible curvature of style branches of Hibiscus trionum L., a ... Ramsey, M.; Seed, L.; Vaughton, G. (2003). "Delayed selfing and low levels of inbreeding depression in Hibiscus trionum ( ...
"Hibiscus syriacus L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-07-29. Lawton, B.P. 2004. Hibiscus ... "Hibiscus syriacus (Hibiscus, Rose of China, Rose of Sharon, Rose-of-Sharon, Shrub Althea) , North Carolina Extension Gardener ... Hibiscus. Cassel, London, England. Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Hibiscus". USDA, NRCS ( ... "RHS Plant Selector - Hibiscus syriacus 'Oiseau Bleu'". Retrieved 23 August 2020. "RHS Plant Selector - Hibiscus syriacus 'Red ...
... , the Phillip Island hibiscus, is a species of flowering plant in the mallow family Malvaceae, that is ... Botanic Gardens Trust: Hibiscus insularis+ Coyne, Peter. Norfolk Island's Fascinating Flora. Petaurus Press, 2011, p. 64 v t e ... "Hibiscus insularis Endl". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian ... Horticultural use of the Philip Island hibiscus has greatly increased the number of plants (though not in its natural ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to seasonally dry tropical Africa. Its ... "Hibiscus rostellatus Guill. & Perr". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 26 January 2023. Hahn, ... v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Hibiscus, ...
Hibiscus may also refer to: Hibiscus Apartments Hibiscus Coast Hibiscus Island Hibiscus Park, a public housing estate in Kwai ... Look up Hibiscus or hibiscus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants. ... American actor Hibiscus, a 2005 album by Stonefree Hibiscus (restaurant), a restaurant in England Hibiscus tea, tea made from ... Chung, Hong Kong HMS Hibiscus, two vessels of the British Royal Navy USS Hibiscus (1864), a United States Navy ship Hibiscus ( ...
... , the scarlet rosemallow, is a hardy Hibiscus species, also known as Texas star, brilliant hibiscus and ... "Hibiscus coccineus (Red Hibiscus, Scarlet Rose Mallow) , North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu.edu ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hibiscus coccineus. Wikispecies has information related to Hibiscus coccineus. v t e ( ... "Hibiscus coccineus - Plant Finder". www.missouribotanicalgarden.org. Retrieved 2021-02-26. "Hibiscus coccineus". www. ...
... , the hardy yellow hibiscus, is a species of shrub in the genus Hibiscus that is native to the coastlines of ... "Hibiscus hamabo (Hamabo Hibiscus, Hardy Yellow Hibiscus) , North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu. ... Hibiscus hamabo is unique to most hibiscus plants. It fertilizes mid to late spring, closer to the summertime, and blooms every ... "Hibiscus hamabo in South China Botanical Garden Herbarium @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. "NParks , Hibiscus hamabo". www. ...
"Hibiscus (Hibiscus paramutabilis)". Hibiscus Database. The National Gardening Association. 2022. Retrieved 27 October 2022. v t ... longipedicellatus K.M.Feng - Jinxiu Hibiscus paramutabilis var. paramutabilis - Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi "Hibiscus paramutabilis ... Hibiscus paramutabilis, the everblooming Confederate rose, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to ... "Hibiscus paramutabilis". JC Raulston Arboretum. NC State University. 2022. Retrieved 27 October 2022. "庐山芙蓉 lu shan fu rong". ...
... (common names: paleface, rock hibiscus) is a perennial shrub of the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is in the ... In California, Rock Hibiscus is exclusive to the southeast, the Colorado Desert-(northwestern Sonoran Desert) and neighboring ... Jepson: H. denudatus, Benth, "Pale Face": 'Desert Province' Jepson Interchange; Jepson Flora Project: Hibiscus denudatus, with ... Hibiscus, North American desert flora, Flora of the Chihuahuan Desert, Flora of the Rio Grande valleys, Flora of Arizona, Flora ...
The roselle hibiscus used to make the tea likely originated in Africa. In Africa, hibiscus tea is commonly sold in markets and ... Hibiscus tea is a herbal tea made as an infusion from crimson or deep magenta-colored calyces (sepals) of the roselle (Hibiscus ... In Italy, hibiscus tea, known as carcadè or karkadè (from the Arab word كَرْكَديه‎ [karkaˈdeː]), is usually consumed hot, often ... Hibiscus tea was generally well tolerated, and did not adversely affect liver or kidney function at lower doses, but may be ...
... , the Chinese rose of Sharon, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern ... "Hibiscus sinosyriacus 'Ruby Glow' Chinese rose of Sharon 'Ruby Glow'". The Royal Horticultural Society. 2022. Retrieved 19 ... "Hibiscus sinosyriacus 'Lilac Queen'". The Royal Horticultural Society. 2022. Retrieved 19 September 2022. 2 suppliers v t e ( ... A number of cultivars are available, including 'Lilac Queen' and 'Ruby Glow'. "Hibiscus sinosyriacus L.H.Bailey". Plants of the ...
... , the heartleaf rosemallow or heart-leaf hibiscus, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae, ... "Hibiscus martianus Zucc". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 12 December 2022. "Hibiscus ... "Hibiscus martianus". Plant Database. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2022. Heartleaf ... Hibiscus, Flora of Texas, Flora of Northeastern Mexico, Flora of Central Mexico, Flora of Veracruz, Plants described in 1851, ...
An annual with white (or yellow) flowers, it lacks the pseudo-sepals which are found in all Hibiscus. "Hibiscus lobatus (Murray ... Hibiscus lobatus, the lobed leaf mallow, is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is native to parts of the ... Hibiscus, Flora of Senegal, Flora of Burkina Faso, Flora of Benin, Flora of Nigeria, Flora of Sudan, Flora of Ethiopia, Flora ...
South Pointe Elementary School Nautilus Middle School Miami Beach High School Location of Hibiscus Island Hibiscus Island ... Hibiscus Island is a neighborhood in the city of Miami Beach on a man-made island in Biscayne Bay, Florida, United States. ... Hibiscus Island lies just north of Palm Island. It is an exclusive residential neighborhood with relatively high property ... In the post-World War II economic expansion and sprawl in South Florida, Palm and Hibiscus Island became the site of the Famous ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is found only in Yemen. Miller, A. (2004). " ... Hibiscus, Endemic flora of Socotra, Data deficient plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Hibisceae ... "Hibiscus macropodus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2004: e.T44998A10964217. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2004.RLTS. ...
urban areas) "Hibiscus Coast Subdivision" (PDF). Hibiscus and Bays Greenways. Hibiscus and Bays Local Board. 2016. Retrieved 16 ... The Hibiscus Coast is part of the Albany ward of the Auckland Council region. It is also in the Hibiscus Coast Subdivision of ... The Hibiscus Coast has a warm temperate oceanic climate (Cfb) on the Köppen Climate Classification System. The Hibiscus Coast ... "Hibiscus Coast History and Suburbs". Linku2 Hibiscus Coast. Retrieved 2023-09-04. Francis, Joseph Richard (2020-12-06). "The ...
Yemen) Hibiscus diversifolius- swamp hibiscus Hibiscus elatus - mahoe Hibiscus engleri - wild hibiscus Hibiscus erlangeri ( ... Hibiscus lilacinus - lilac hibiscus Hibiscus liliiflorus - Rodrigues tree hibiscus Hibiscus lunariifolius Hibiscus ... Camerons hibiscus, pink hibiscus Hibiscus cannabinus L. - Kenaf Hibiscus clayi O.Deg. & I.Deg.- Hawaiian red hibiscus (Hawaii ... largeleaf rosemallow Hibiscus macropodus Hibiscus makinoi - Okinawan hibiscus Hibiscus malacophyllus Balf.f. (Yemen) Hibiscus ...
Hibiscus Calyx, Hibiscus Cruentus, Hibiscus Fraternus, Hibiscus Palmatilobus, Jamaica Sorrel, Karkade, Karkadé, Kenaf, Lo Shen ... Drinking Hibiscus sabdariffa tea or taking Hibiscus sabdariffa extract by mouth seems to lower blood pressure by a small amount ... Hibiscus sabdariffa tea might reduce the amount of chloroquine that the body can absorb and use. Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa tea ... Hibiscus sabdariffa might increase how quickly the body gets rid of simvastatin. Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa with simvastatin ...
Live, Hibiscus Kombucha Scoby Starter Culture ad vertisement by TheCulturedClub Ad vertisement from shop TheCulturedClub ... Hibiscus flowers, *rose petals & buds, *rosehips Instructions: Add 1 -3 tsp per 16 oz of kombucha. Drop them into your ... Hibiscus flower pigments make your homebrewed kombucha turn to a beautiful pink color. They are also packed with antioxidants ... Share the booch love by pouring a friend a cup of your hibiscus rose flavored kombucha.. -Rosehips are powerful foods for skin ...
I have a 4 year old yellow hibiscus plant produces many buds but will not bloom. I have tried cutting off one-fourth of the ... To see if your hibiscus has these pests, closely inspect the unopened buds to see if you can find a small entrance hole. Or, ... This little worms are the same green color as the foliage, stems and unopened buds on a hibiscus plant which makes them ...
If you have a Chinese, or Tropical Hibiscus, it will grow best indoors during the winter. If your hibiscus is the perennial ... I recently was given a Hibiscus. Is this a plant that needs to be planted in the ground or can it remain in a pot? If I do ... The perennial hibiscus will grow 6-8 feet tall in full sunshine. The plants will die down in the winter, but new stems and ... Hibiscus flowers in red, rose, pink, or white, depending on variety, and the flowers can reach 12 inches across. Enjoy!. ...
Hibiscus syrup is usually made by boiling the calyx with water and sugar. Thanks to the high amounts of Alpha Hydroxy Acids ( ... Hibiscus sabdariffa is an annual herb, native to tropical zones, with a woody lower stem and long narrow leaves. Nowadays the ... Hibiscus syrup is usually made by boiling the calyx with water and sugar. Thanks to the high amounts of Alpha Hydroxy Acids ( ... Hibiscus syrup is made with the tropical red flowers. Their high levels of antioxidants built their reputation in skincare ...
Pinetree Garden Seeds. The year round source for the home gardener since 1979! ...
Our garden cottage offers spacious accommodation for 2 people. It offers privacy and has its own entrance from the street. We are able to put in an extra bed if required. Constantia is a very leafy and upmarket area situated against the back of Table Mountain and we have guinea fowl that visit most days and a rabbit that spends most of his time here.Tony and Terese are experienced travellers and would love to help you if required. Tony works in the tourism /safari industry. A swimming pool is available and you have DSTV.
Escape to your tropical paradise with the Tricolor Hibiscus Sweatshirt from Billabong. Crafted from cozy blended cotton, this ...
Among them is the white hibiscus flower or white rosemallow (Hibiscus arnottianus A. Gray), which is endemic to Oahu and ... Hawaii is home to 10 species of hibiscus. Five of these species are endemic and the others are indigenous. ... The hibiscus genus has claim to over 200 different species internationally. ... Hibiscus lilliflorus, Hibiscus fragilis and Hibiscus genevieve from Mauritius; Hibiscus storckii from Fiji; and Hibiscus ...
Hibiscus denudatus Hibiscus lasiocarpus Hibiscus moscheutos Hibiscus moscheutos subsp. lasiocarpos Hibiscus moscheutos subsp. ... Hibiscus moscheutos var. occidentalis Hibiscus trionum University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page , General Information , ... Names in Hibiscus This list is drawn from the Index of California Plant Names, Fred Hrusas Crosswalk, and the Jepson Flora. ...
Hibiscus aestuans Wall., Numer. List n. 1908 E., nom. inval.. *Hibiscus aestuans Rottler ex Masters in Hook., Fl. Brit. India 1 ... Hibiscus mutabilis f. spontanea Makino, Jissai Engei 26: 675 (1940).. *Hibiscus mutabilis f. versicolor Makino, Jissai-Engei 26 ... Hibiscus immutabilis Dehnh. ex Walp. Rep. 1: 307 (1836).. *Hibiscus malvarosa Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunst. 5(Art. 4 ... Hibiscus mutabilis L. (1753) Synonyms[edit]. *Homotypic *Abelmoschus mutabilis (L.) Wall. ex Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. ( ...
Shop our Vietri Hibiscus Glass Fluted Bud Vase at Lands End. We fit every body ... Charming, versatile, and elegant the mouth-blown Hibiscus vase is a complement to any room. ...
Find The Republic of Tea Hibiscus Sangria Iced Tea, 2 oz at Whole Foods Market. Get nutrition, ingredient, allergen, pricing ... Hibiscus, Apple Bits, Sweet Blackberry Leaves, Orange Peel, Natural Orange, Lemon, Lime, Strawberry Flavors ...
... you can protect hibiscus plants with simple home remedies that wont injure the deer in any way. ... Deer-proof hibiscus by placing several yards of mesh netting over your hibiscus plants to keep the deer from eating the foliage ... How Can I Stop Deer From Eating My Hibiscus Plants? By K.C. Morgan Updated Jul 27, 2021 ... Sink two 3-foot posts into the ground on either side of your hibiscus plants. Poke a hole in each of two clean aluminum pie ...
Flowering hibiscus trees make a gorgeous addition to your garden or landscape, and they invite beautiful pollinators. ... Space hibiscus 3 to 6 feet apart.. TIP: Rachel suggests, "If you like the look of an outdoor planted hibiscus but live in too ... The tropical hibiscus is hardy in USDA zones 9 through 11, meaning that you can plant your hibiscus outside in these zones. It ... If you are growing your hibiscus in a pot to bring indoors during the winter, it is a good idea to keep your hibiscus small for ...
Hibiscus 006 is just a 2-minute walk from Catseye Beach. ... What is there to do at Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island? Hibiscus ... Is Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island popular with families? Yes, Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island is popular with guests booking ... How many guests can sleep at Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island? Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island can accommodate this group size: *7 ... How many bedrooms does have Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island have? Hibiscus 006 - Hamilton Island has the following number of ...
Find plants you love and create idea boards for all your projects.. To create an idea board, sign in or create an account. ...
Find plants you love and create idea boards for all your projects.. To create an idea board, sign in or create an account. ...
Mouthblown glass transforms into the graceful Hibiscus Glass White Large Fluted Vase, as delicate petals dance around the top ... Mouthblown glass transforms into the graceful Hibiscus Glass White Large Fluted Vase, as delicate petals dance around the top ... ":"Hibiscus Glass Vase - White \/ 12","public_title":"White \/ 12","options":["White","12"],"price":16400,"weight":2132," ... ":"Hibiscus Glass Vase - White \/ 7","public_title":"White \/ 7","options":["White","7"],"price":10000,"weight":816," ...
Hibiscus species Hibiscus acetosella Name. Synonyms. Hibiscus surattensis var. eetveldeanus (DeWild. & T.Durand) Hochr.. ... Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern. Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Ficalho. Hibiscus acetosella Welw.. Common names. African rose ... red-leaf hibiscus in English. red-leaf hibiscus in English. Bibliographic References. * Flora of North America Editorial ... Hibiscus acetosella Welw. ex Hiern Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank SPECIES Published in Cat. Afr. Pl. 1: 73 (1896) ...
The Hibiscus Room can be divided into three sections measuring 20 ft. x 30 ft. each. Each room opens to the Hawaiian Garden, ... Hibiscus Room The Hibiscus Room can be divided into three sections measuring 20 ft. x 30 ft. each. Each room opens to the ... this terraced lawn is nestled just below the beautiful Hibiscus pool, steps from the beach. ...
... mask infused with extracts of papaya and fresh grapefruit as well as flower acids derived from revitalizing hibiscus. The rich ... Hibiscus Flower Acids are rich in Pyruvic Acid with exfoliating properties*. Grapefruit Extract is rich in Vitamin C with ... Expand image caption Beauty shot of Chantecaille Hibiscus Smoothing Mask showing swatch and ingredients ... Hibiscus Sabdariffa Flower Extract, Hexylene Glycol, Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) ...
Recipe: Hibiscus Salad. Be the star of your summer potluck with this floral and fruity salad from Saguaro Blossom at Four… ...
Sometimes, the hibiscus even blooms. If you dont have room - or a sunny spot - to keep it over winter, another option is to ... DEAR JESSICA: Last October, I brought in my potted hibiscus tree. It lost most of its leaves, but I didnt want to lose it. So ... DEAR LAURA: Hibiscus are tropical plants that are typically grown seasonally in containers, often on patios and porches, in ... How to repot a footed-fern or hibiscus without harming them. Fuzzy, above-soil rhizomes give Davallia ferns their common names ...
Shop for Celebration Herbals Organic Hibiscus Tea (60 g) at Ralphs. Find quality natural & organic products to add to your ...
SheaMoistures Coconut & Hibiscus Curl & Shine Conditioner for thick, curly hair restores moisture, detangles and smoothes dry ... SheaMoistures Coconut & Hibiscus Curl & Shine Conditioner for thick, curly hair restores moisture, detangles and smoothes dry ... Hibiscus Sabdariffa Extract, Tocopherol (Vitamin E), Melia Azadirachta (Neem) Seed Oil, Rosemary Extract, Caprylyl Glycol * ...
  • bladderweed Hibiscus quattenensis Hibiscus poeppigii - Poeppig's rosemallow Hibiscus radiatus - monarch rosemallow Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. - Chinese hibiscus (East Asia) Hibiscus sabdariffa L. - roselle, omutete, or sorrel Hibiscus schizopetalus - fringed rosemallow Hibiscus scottii Hibiscus socotranus Hibiscus sinosyriacus Hibiscus splendens Hibiscus stenanthus Balf.f. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is a plant considered safe in common food amounts. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The fruit acids in Hibiscus sabdariffa might work like a laxative. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Other chemicals in Hibiscus sabdariffa might be able to lower blood pressure, reduce levels of sugar and fats in the blood, reduce swelling, and work like antibiotics. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People use Hibiscus sabdariffa for high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and many other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support most of these uses. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Drinking Hibiscus sabdariffa tea or taking Hibiscus sabdariffa extract by mouth seems to lower blood pressure by a small amount in people with normal or high blood pressure. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is interest in using Hibiscus sabdariffa for a number of other purposes, but there isn't enough reliable information to say whether it might be helpful. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is commonly consumed in foods. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa tea has been used safely in amounts of up to 720 mL daily for up to 6 weeks. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is possibly unsafe to use during pregnancy. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is possibly unsafe to use while breast-feeding. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is possibly safe when used at a dose of 2 grams by mouth three times daily for up to 4 weeks in adolescents 12-18 years of age. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa might affect blood sugar levels, making blood sugar control difficult during and after surgery. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Stop using Hibiscus sabdariffa at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa tea might reduce the amount of chloroquine that the body can absorb and use. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa tea along with chloroquine might reduce the effects of chloroquine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People taking chloroquine for the treatment or prevention of malaria should avoid Hibiscus sabdariffa products. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa while taking diclofenac might alter levels of diclofenac in the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa with losartan might increase the levels of losartan in the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa might lower blood sugar levels. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa along with diabetes medications might cause blood sugar to drop too low. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa might increase blood sugar levels. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa along with diabetes medications might reduce the effects of these medications. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa along with medications that lower blood pressure might cause blood pressure to go too low. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa might increase how quickly the body gets rid of simvastatin. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Taking Hibiscus sabdariffa with simvastatin might decrease the effects of simvastatin. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Drinking a Hibiscus sabdariffa beverage before taking acetaminophen might increase how fast the body gets rid of acetaminophen. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa thrives in tropical climates and is commonly brewed into a popular tart beverage. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • Photo of hibiscus candied with sugar, made with the flower of Jamaica or rose of Jamaica ( Hibiscus sabdariffa ). (botanical-online.com)
  • Current scientific studies have shown how a species of hibiscus, called Jamaica flower or Jamaica ros e (Hibiscus sabdariffa ) has a mild antihypertensive effect, just as effective as some drugs used for hypertension such as lisinopril. (botanical-online.com)
  • This royalty free photo, "The Roselle (hibiscus Sabdariffa)", can be used in business, personal, charitable and educational design projects: it may be used in web design, printed media, advertising, book covers and pages, music artwork, software applications and much more. (freedigitalphotos.net)
  • The roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) is a species of Hibiscus native to the tropics. (freedigitalphotos.net)
  • Native to Africa and Asia, Hibiscus Sabdariffa is also known as "Hibiscus Roselle" and is one of the most common and refreshing herbal teas consumed throughout Africa, The Americas, The Middle East and Asia. (rishi-tea.com)
  • Hibiscus ( Hibiscus sabdariffa ) flowers contain anthocyanins, proanthocyanidins, flavonols, as well as various pigments, oils and acids. (nih.gov)
  • 18. Effects of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa Linn. (nih.gov)
  • Hibiscus sabdariffa is common constituent of HERBAL TEAS . (nih.gov)
  • foulsapate marron (Mauritius and Réunion) Hibiscus brackenridgei A.Gray - Hawaiian hibiscus maʻo hau hele Hibiscus caesius Garcke - dark-eyed hibiscus (southwestern Tanzania to South Africa) Hibiscus calyphyllus - lemonyellow rosemallow (tropical Africa) Hibiscus cameronii - Cameron's hibiscus, pink hibiscus Hibiscus cannabinus L. - Kenaf Hibiscus clayi O.Deg. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hibiscus cannabinus L. , Syst. (wikimedia.org)
  • Hibiscus cannabinus in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) , U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. (wikimedia.org)
  • Hibiscus cannabinus is a source of hemp fiber for TEXTILES . (nih.gov)
  • false roselle Hibiscus aculeatus Walter - comfortroot Hibiscus aethiopicus L. Hibiscus aponeurus Sprague & Hutch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vertical integration of the company's organic hibiscus ingredients aims to avoid supply chain vulnerabilities common with this ingredient. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • Nuherbs (San Leandro, CA), a supplier of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) ingredients, is putting the spotlight on organic hibiscus ingredients at the upcoming SupplySide West trade show, taking place October 31 to November 4, 2022, in Las Vegas (Booth #7228). (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • The company announced vertical integration of its organic hibiscus ingredients, which aims to avoid supply chain vulnerabilities. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • Said Nuherbs in a press release, "Nuherbs' vertical integration of its organic hibiscus ingredients sets this project apart. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • Nuherbs organic hibiscus ingredients are offered in multiple forms: 1) whole flower, 2) PhytoHib liquid, and 3) PhytoHib powder extract. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • Mix Pink Rose Buds and Dried Hibiscus Flowers with a fine choice of Vodka in a airtight Storage Jar with clip top lid Shake up this mixture and ensure the lid is on tightly Store in a dark cupboard at room temperature Shake up this mixture a little every day. (drinkstuff.com)
  • To make it, steep dried hibiscus flowers in hot water, strain, and add equal amounts of agave syrup and fresh lime juice. (thespicehouse.com)
  • Dried Hibiscus Flowers are edible hibiscus leaves that are typically used to infuse hibiscus flavor into teas and oils. (savoryspiceshop.com)
  • Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are over 220 species within the genus Hibiscus which belong to the Malvaceae plant family. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • Hibiscus adalah sebuah genus tumbuhan berbunga dalam famili Malvaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Hibiscus flowers appear to be generally well tolerated, although allergic reactions are possible, including cross reaction with other members of the Malvaceae family (e.g., ambrette, marshmallow). (nih.gov)
  • Several species are widely cultivated as ornamental plants, notably Hibiscus syriacus and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • In tropical and subtropical areas, the Chinese hibiscus (H. rosa-sinensis), with its many showy hybrids, is the most popular hibiscus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names include hardy hibiscus, rose of sharon, and tropical hibiscus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Summerific® are a line of Hardy Hibiscus that are an improvement over older cultivars. (naturehills.com)
  • Unlike most Hardy Hibiscus , Cranberry Crush doesn't just flower at the top like older cultivars. (naturehills.com)
  • The Hibiscus plants listed on this page are hardy hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos). (naturehills.com)
  • Hardy hibiscus is also known as Rose Mallow or Swamp Mallow. (naturehills.com)
  • One of the earliest promoters of hardy hibiscus was John Bartram (1699-1777). (naturehills.com)
  • Hardy hibiscus blooms are large, ranging from 3 to 4inches across all the way to 10 to 12 inches across. (naturehills.com)
  • Hardy hibiscus begins blooming in mid-summer and bloom until the first frost. (naturehills.com)
  • Hibiscus is among the most common ingredients found in herbal tea blends sold in the United States, Dr. McKay said. (medscape.com)
  • Ingredients: Hibiscus. (thespicehouse.com)
  • Because many of the ingredients in Still Tea are purported galactogogues, including Hibiscus , no single ingredient can be considered solely responsible for the tea's effects, although the authors attributed the action to fenugreek. (nih.gov)
  • A tea made from hibiscus flowers is known by many names around the world and is served both hot and cold. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Champagne & Hibiscus Truffle is an indulgent combination of rich white chocolate ganache flavoured with Charles Heidsieck Rosé Champagne and a sweet syrup made from hibiscus flowers. (rococochocolates.com)
  • Hibiscus flowers are the main ingredient in many wonderfully refreshing teas made around the world, especially in Mexico, Latin America, and North Africa. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • The photographer's identification Hibiscus syriacus has not been reviewed. (berkeley.edu)
  • fork-bracted rosemallow Hibiscus biseptus S.Watson - Arizona rosemallow Hibiscus boryanus DC. (wikipedia.org)
  • Walter - scarlet rosemallow Hibiscus columnaris - mahot rempart Hibiscus coulteri - desert rosemallow Hibiscus dasycalyx - Neches River rosemallow Hibiscus denudatus Benth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hibiscus is from the ancient Greek and Latin name for a mallow-like plant that is derived from Ibis, an Egyptian diety, denudatus means naked, denuded. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • They include species like Hibiscus splendens from Queensland with bright pink flowers up to 30 cm across. (www.csiro.au)
  • Hawaiian red hibiscus (Hawaii) Hibiscus clypeatus - Congo mahoe Hibiscus coccineus (Medik. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vietnam endemic) Hibiscus moscheutos L. - crimsoneyed rosemallow (Central and Eastern North America) Hibiscus mutabilis L. - cotton rosemallow, Confederate rose (East Asia) Hibiscus paramutabilis Hibiscus phoeniceus - Brazilian rosemallow Hibiscus platanifolius Hibiscus pusillus Thunb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hibiscus arnottianus A.Gray - kokiʻo ʻula (Hawaii) Hibiscus bifurcatus Cav. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complex, with construction set to begin this year, will manufacture products based on the towering, hibiscus-like plant kenaf. (nih.gov)
  • Todd has discovered around 40 new species of hibiscus just by looking through the hibiscus collections at the Australian National Herbarium. (www.csiro.au)
  • As there are more than 200 species of hibiscus, you need to know for sure that it is adequate and non-toxic species. (botanical-online.com)
  • White hibiscus leaf spots are a common but serious concern for your plant's health. (gardenguides.com)
  • Alyogyne huegelii alba or White Hibiscus, along with cultivars such as Alyogyne 'Elle Maree', and Alyogyne 'Melissa Anne' are all popular with landscapers. (nurseriesonline.com.au)
  • Todd is working with specimens from Australian herbaria, assembling evidence from the genomes of Australia's native hibiscus and their close relatives. (www.csiro.au)
  • Australia has about 100 described species of native hibiscus. (www.csiro.au)
  • What we commonly call the native Hibiscus are Alyogyne species and Alyogyne huegelii with its many cultivars is the variety offered mostly by wholesale growers. (nurseriesonline.com.au)
  • An elegantly simple blend of juicy hibiscus, rich red rooibos and sumptuous elderberries creates a wondrous botanical backdrop to highlight the refreshment of real blueberries. (rishi-tea.com)
  • The most common infusion is hibiscus tea which is usually sweetened with sugar due to its tart flavor. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • Hibiscus also pairs well with a mariniated leg of lamb, a nice tart salsa and enchiladas. (thespicehouse.com)
  • For a sweet tooth you can use this beautiful flower for cream cheese frosting, hibiscus rubarbb tart or popsicles. (thespicehouse.com)
  • Hibiscus is prized throughout the tropics for its quenching sweet-tart flavor and replenishing effect. (rishi-tea.com)
  • Harvested by hand when plump and juicy, hibiscus makes a full-bodied, crimson colored infusion with a flavor similar to tart cranberry. (rishi-tea.com)
  • Hibiscus has a tart and fruity taste that reminds one of cranberries, citrus and tropical punch. (rishi-tea.com)
  • Our snappy Ginger, Lemon & Hibiscus Hard Kombucha brings a down-for-anything duo of spicy and tart, cheered on by a breezy floral sidekick. (sierranevada.com)
  • A Saison style ale of 7% ABV, loaded up with the lightly tart, berry-full flavour of Hibiscus, and then rounded out with that funkiest of finishes putting George Clinton to shame, Brettanomyces. (sheltonbrothers.com)
  • Hibiscus blossoms are hard to miss, with their showy flares of flower. (imbibemagazine.com)
  • We had a kombucha recipe that required hibiscus blossoms as an ingredient. (thespicehouse.com)
  • The pandemic has turned me into a baker so when I saw a NYTimes recipe for hibiscus cookies these blossoms were just what I needed. (thespicehouse.com)
  • They are carried out adding a few drops of hibiscus extract in hot water. (botanical-online.com)
  • Says the company, "The CleanBrew extraction process is used to produce Nuherbs organic PhytoHib 45 Brix hibiscus liquid extract and organic PhytoHib 100 hibiscus powder extract, so there are no solvent residues. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • it's just hibiscus extract. (nutritionaloutlook.com)
  • [ 20 ] as well as topical Myoxinol (hydrolyzed Hibiscus esculentus extract). (medscape.com)
  • Modern cultivars began with Robert Darby who introduced the Lady and Lord Baltimore hibiscus and they are still popular today. (naturehills.com)
  • Hibiscus flower powder can also be used as a natural fabric dye. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • For Todd McLay from the Australian National Herbarium in Canberra, hibiscus are more than just a garden flower or snazzy shirt pattern. (www.csiro.au)
  • Description Watercolor painting of a yellow hibiscus flower with a red center and green leaves on a white background. (imagekind.com)
  • The Hibiscus flower is popular in Mexico, Latin America, and Asian cuisine. (thespicehouse.com)
  • This flower can be used to make beautiful drinks like hibiscus lemonade or make a hibiscus simple syrup to add to vodka or gin. (thespicehouse.com)
  • Just hearing the word reminds us of the warm, fuzzy feeling of being at the beach, with the tropical palm trees, and Hibiscus flower . (naldzgraphics.net)
  • Today, give a summer-feel to your designs with these Free Hibiscus Flower Brushes . (naldzgraphics.net)
  • Phillip Island hibiscus (Phillip Island) Hibiscus kokio-red rosemallow Hibiscus laevis All. (wikipedia.org)
  • Yemen) Hibiscus diversifolius- swamp hibiscus Hibiscus elatus - mahoe Hibiscus engleri - wild hibiscus Hibiscus erlangeri (Gürke) Thulin (Ethiopia and Somalia) Hibiscus escobariae Hibiscus fragilis DC. (wikipedia.org)
  • swamp rosemallow (Southeastern US) Hibiscus grewiifolius Hibiscus hamabo Hibiscus hastatus Hibiscus heterophyllus - native rosella Hibiscus hirtus - lesser mallow Hibiscus hispidissimus Hibiscus hybridus Hibiscus insularis Endl. (wikipedia.org)
  • The extremely hairy Hibiscus coatesii from the Pilbara region in Western Australia. (www.csiro.au)
  • Hibiscus dasycalyx NatureServe Explorer Species Reports - NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada . (earth.com)
  • Yemen) Hibiscus martianus- heartleaf rosemallow Hibiscus mesnyi Pierre ex Laness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several hundred species are known, including: Hibiscus acapulcensis Fryxell Hibiscus acetosella Welw. (wikipedia.org)
  • mandrinette (Mascarene Islands) Hibiscus furcellatus Desr. (wikipedia.org)
  • H. militaris) - halberd-leaved rosemallow (central and eastern North America) Hibiscus lasiocarpos - woolly rosemallow Hibiscus leptocladus (Northwest Australia) Hibiscus lilacinus - lilac hibiscus Hibiscus liliiflorus - Rodrigues tree hibiscus Hibiscus lunariifolius Hibiscus macilwraithensis (Australia) Hibiscus macrophyllus - largeleaf rosemallow Hibiscus macropodus Hibiscus makinoi - Okinawan hibiscus Hibiscus malacophyllus Balf.f. (wikipedia.org)
  • The principal components of hibiscus include anthocyanins and other flavanoids, as well as polyphenolic compounds and phenolic acids. (medscape.com)
  • A single chiroptical spectroscopic method may not be able to establish the absolute configurations of diastereomers: dimethylesters of hibiscus and garcinia acids. (nih.gov)
  • For hibiscus-lavender simple syrup: Whisk honey powder and water together in a small saucepan. (savoryspiceshop.com)
  • Our hibiscus powder is ground from dried organic flowers and can be added to culinary recipes, cosmetic blends, and herbal teas. (mountainroseherbs.com)
  • Hardy hibiscuses are native to North America and most of the varieties we grow today were hybridized from these native plants. (naturehills.com)
  • It sucks nutrients out of the plant and gradually kills the hibiscus. (gardenguides.com)
  • Choose a sunny growing space in which to plant the hibiscus. (gardenguides.com)
  • Lasting mid-summer through autumn , you'll want to plant your Hibiscus right where you can showcase the many amazing features! (naturehills.com)
  • Hummingbirds and butterflies will flock to this buffet, so plant Hibiscus where they can be seen and appreciated. (naturehills.com)
  • In hibiscus drinks, the flavor is often enhanced with spices or herbs, sweetened with honey, and tarted up further with citrus. (imbibemagazine.com)
  • Also known as bissap, hibiscus with its pomegranate-like flavor and bright colors is native to West Africa. (thespicehouse.com)